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often talk to themselves. They also may move their lips and read out loud. They may have difficulty with reading and writing tasks. They often do better talking to a colleague or a tape recorder and hearing what was said. To integrate this style into the learning environment:
Begin new material with a brief explanation of what is coming. Conclude with a summary of what has been covered. This is the old adage of "tell them what they are going to lean, teach them, and tell them what they have learned." Use the Socratic method of lecturing by questioning learners to draw as much information from them as possible and then fill in the gaps with you own expertise. Include auditory activities, such as brainstorming, buzz groups, or Jeopardy. Leave plenty of time to debrief activities. This allows them to make connections of what they leaned and how it applies to their situation.
Have the learners verbalize the questions. Develop an internal dialogue between yourself and the learners.
Auditory learners are those who learn best through hearing things. Look over these traits to see if they sound familiar to you. You may be an auditory learner if you are someone who:
y y y y y y y y y y y y y
Likes to read to self out loud. Is not afraid to speak in class. Likes oral reports. Is good at explaining. Remembers names. Notices sound effects in movies. Enjoys music. Is good at grammar and foreign language. Reads slowly. Follows spoken directions well. Can't keep quiet for long periods. Enjoys acting, being on stage. Is good in study groups. Auditory Learners Can Benefit from: Using word association to remember facts and lines. Recording lectures. Watching videos.
y y y
They're also good at oral exams. Using audiotapes for language practice. Lines always result in some people not being able to hear as . Don¶t force your students to stay in fixed lines while you demonstrate. They¶ll often repeat what you¶ve said right back to you.y y y y Repeating facts with eyes closed. Best test type: Auditory Learners are good at writing responses to lectures they've heard. Worst test type: Reading passages and writing answers about them in a timed test. Since hearing and speaking are so closely related you¶ll often find auditory learners using they¶re voice as well as their ears. Auditory people may also ask. or show it again. Auditory learners pick up new ideas and concepts better when they hear the information. Some auditory learners concentrate better when they have music or white noise in the background. These learners often benefit from reading text aloud and using a tape recorder. Singers are usually skilled auditory learners for example. Auditory learners interpret the underlyin g meanings of speech through listening to tone of voice. It helps them process the information. In this article we¶ll look at the auditory learning style and how best to present information to people who favor it. They may also remember complex sets of information by putting them to song or rhythm.. Recognizing the Auditory Style Auditory people can often follow directions very precisely after being told only once or twice what to do. speed and other nuances. Once you start watching for the signs you¶ll see just how many people prefer the auditory style. pitch. That makes it a good bet you¶ll be working with them in any decent sized class.. They learn best through verbal lectures. That¶s why they can memorize a song after hearing it just a few times. Written information may have little meaning until it is heard. or retain new information better when they talk it out. talking things through and listening to what others have to say. discussions. Participating in group discussions. Taping notes after writing them. I believe the experts say that about 30% of Americans are auditory learners. Organization Techniques As with the other styles of learning it¶s best to let people arrange themselves around you for instruction. but auditory learners want to hear it. ³Could you explain that again?´ Other types of learners would ask you to do it again. Auditory Learners: learn through listening .
well as others . by asking some questions of your own. I¶d suggest giving your demonstrations toward the middle of the floo r and not near a wall. it¶s also a good idea to let people ask questions as soon as they have them. "Do it like this" means: Ignore what I¶m saying and watch instead. You¶ll just end up back tracking to answer the question anyway." See the pattern? Avoid saying things that assume the player can see what you¶re talking about. sure." Instead of saying. Questioning Techniques Getting verbal helps a lot of auditory learners." Instead of saying "push hard." say "move over next to the far leg. I would caution one thing though. you¶ve got to put everything into words. but it¶s not saying anything. Likewise. Instead of saying "put your hand here. . but it¶s a good answer!´ ³Good answer. Most auditory learners like to ask questions too. Address your question to the group as a whole and don¶t slight anyone who answers incorrectly." say "push hard enough to pin their leg down. You need to speak clearly and completely or they¶re going to head off in the wrong direction for sure.exactly what you say. When they can both hear something and then say it out loud for themselves it helps them process the information. You can get things started. You may have to encourage people to move around you since so many of us are conditioned to being in neat little lines. Saying "do it like this" is not enough.´ If you ham it up people get the idea that the answer is wrong but there¶s no reason to be embarrassed. That way people can get all the way around you to find the best place to listen from. Don¶t make people feel like they¶re being tested by putting them on the spot. Expository Techniques Auditory learners will try to do what you say . the thing to pay most attention to is giving a detailed verbal description of what you¶re doing. It¶s talking. if given the chance. One of my favorite ways to tell someone they¶ve got it wrong is to use a melodramatic voice and body language to say: ³Good answer! Good answer!´ Then pause a moment and say: ³It¶s not the right answer." Say "put your hand on the inside of the knee. Assuming you¶ve got decent speaking skills. In other words. "move over here. so let people speak up when they want to and rely on informal means to keep things under control.or feeling that they¶ve been pushed to the back and can¶t ask questions. Requiring people to raise their hands or otherwise wait for permission to speak usually squanders the moment when a student is really hot to learn. and give everyone confidence that you like questions.
echoing is crude. Meta-Learning Techniques Finally. Coaches can encourage rapping by asking students if they¶ve got the rap down and ³let¶s hear it. Close Now that you¶ve got a grasp of the auditory learning style I think you¶ll find you can more precisely target your coaching for a number of your students. to round out your knowledge. they can say the words in rhythm to help smooth out their timing and pace. Each step has it¶s own little key word description that acts to jog the memory.´ And hey. but it works to get people¶s jaws moving and that¶s a start. visual and kinesthetic. Now that we¶re the teacher we subconsciously induce our students to do the same.´ Echoing is crude.) After everyone¶s mouth is use to moving start branching out into real questions. Rapping Rapping is a simple procedure auditory learners can use to help themselves learn a new technique. If you haven¶t already.´ Coach echoes: ³The near collar. Keep it light hearted and try it for a few months. and perhaps most importantly. bad us. By the way. maybe you can beat-box for µem too! Or not. I¶d recommend taking a look at the other two sensory learning styles. The player should b e able to put together the key words for themselves from the description given by the coach. It works like this: Coach states: ³Grab the near collar. If you¶re really having trouble with asking questions. Once the student starts to get the movements down. People have to pay more attention to what you¶re saying if they know they have to echo what you say. but it¶s a start. . What I call rapping is a simple way to start. you should help your students become aware of their own auditory style and give them suggestions for putting it to use. echoing can also be used as a motivational technique.Echoing Verbal interaction is probably one of the weakest areas most coaches have. Bad. Using short phrases. Like I said. (No. Perhaps it¶s because most of us grew up being told to keep quite in school.´ Coach immediately asks: ³What do you grab?´ Athletes echo: ³The near collar. students quietly talk their way through the new movements they¶re learning. one of the simplest ways to start is a technique called echoing. it doesn¶t work overnight.
They easily visualize faces and places by using their imagination and seldom get lost in new surroundings. Needs quiet study time. y Use flashcards. circle words. y Outline reading. They like to write down directions and pay better attention to lectures if they watch them. Learners who are v i s u a l - l i n g u i s t i c like to learn through written language. research notes. y Watch videos. etc. Learners who are v i s u a l . o o o o o o o o Is good at spelling but forgets names. Understands/likes charts. Is good with sign language. agendas. Make outlines of everything! Copy what's on the board. and other visual materials. y Color code words. videos. Learning Suggestions for Visual Learners Draw a map of events in history or draw scientific process. y Use highlighters. y y y y .s p a t i a l usually have difficulty with the written language and do better with charts. To integrate this style into the learning environment: o o o o o o o o o o o Use graphs. Dreams in color. charts. handouts. or other visual aids. even if they do not read it more than once. They remember what has been written down. underline. Invite questions to help them stay alert in auditory environments. concept maps. Include plenty of content in handouts to reread after the learning session.l i n g u i s t i c and s p a t i a l . Post flip charts to show what will come and what has been presented. illustrations. y Diagram sentences! y Take notes. for reading and taking notes. Include outlines. Supplement textual information with illustrations whenever possible. Likes colors & fashion. Leave white space in handouts for note-taking. Have them draw pictures in the margins. Have the learners envision the topic or have them act out the subject matter. Emphasize key points to cue when to takes notes. Has to think awhile before understanding lecture. Eliminate potential distractions. make lists. Is good at spelling. Ask the teacher to diagram. demonstrations.Visual learner: have two sub-channels . such as reading and writing tasks.
but the main thing is to position yourself so that everything you¶re doing is available for viewing. overhead transparencies. . visual learners learn predominantly with their eyes. flipcharts and hand outs. If you¶re demonstrating a technique and part of the movement is hidden from view. videos. There are two important guidelines to follow in coaching for visual learners. They may think in pictures and learn best from visual displays including: diagrams. The first is to make sure you are showing the movements as completely and clearly as possible. and not do. Those are the two main guidelines for visual coaching: Show everything clearly and show everything exactly as you want it to be done. Based on those ideas. visual learners often prefer to take detailed notes to absorb the information. people's heads). These learners need to see the teacher's body language and facial expression to fully understand the content of a lesson. They tend to prefer sitting at the front of the classroom to avoid visual obstructions (e. It¶s the old monkey see. illustrated text books.often even if you tell them not to. or explain it again. Remember. Coaches will frequently cover the key part of a technique with precision. monkey do. They prefer to see how to do things rather than just talk about them. Since about 60% of people are visual learners you can count on working with them in every class you teach.. You also don¶t want to rush or cut corners during a demonstration. essays (if you've studied using an outline). to improve your coaching for visual learners. here are a few things you can do. Players need to see exactly how things should look from beginning to end.Best Test Type for Visual Learners: Diagramming. As you can guess. Visual learners are going to do what they see you doing. visual learning relates to the fundamental ways in which people take-in information. Visual learners prefer to watch demonstrations and will often get a lot out of video taped instruction as well. It¶s just a little sign that the person you¶re coaching may be a visual learner. reading maps. You may have to get pretty creative. You can sometimes tell you¶re dealing with a visual learner when they ask. They¶ll subconsciously pick up on the sloppy movements and begin copying them . During a lecture or classroom discussion. but visual learners will often say they want to see it. you¶ll want to find a way to rearrange things. but then get sloppy with the rest. monkey see..g. monkey do kind of thing. showing a process Worst test type: Listen and respond tests y y y y Visual Learners: learn through seeing . . ³Can I see that again?´ Other types of learners would ask if you could do it again.
y y y y Always take the time to show the technique from a number of different angles and encourage your students to move around and find the best viewing angles. during activities. Kinesthetic Learner: do best while touching and moving. scents. Provide highlighters. and then focus in on the details (get the big picture first). provide gum. candy. Give your demonstrations toward the middle of the floor. Provide toys such as Koosh balls and Play-Dough to give them something to do with their hands. not near a wall.nwlink. Play music. That way people can get all the way around you. Look over these traits to see if they sound familiar to you. they like to scan the material first. To integrate this style into the learning environment: o o o o o Use activities that get the learners up and moving. colored pens and/or pencils. They tend to lose concentration if there is little or no external stimulation or movement. Every now and then throw out a banana. Give frequent stretch breaks (brain breaks). They typically use color highlighters and take notes by drawing pictures. o o o o http://www. Guide learners through a visualization of complex tasks. Is not great at spelling. or doodling. Use colored markers to emphasize key points on flipcharts or white boards. You may be a kinesthetic learner if you are someone who: y y y Is good at sports. Have them transfer information from the text to another medium such as a keyboard or a tablet. It also has two sub -channels: kinesthetic (movement) and tactile (touch). etc. diagrams. When listening to lectures they may want to take notes for the sake of moving their hands. This always results in some people blocking the view of others. Monkeys like bananas. when appropriate. Can't sit still for long. Do not force your students to stay in fixed lines while you demonstrate.html Kinesthetic learners are those who learn through experiencing/doing things. which provides a cross link of scent (aroma) to the topic at hand (scent can be a powerful cue). When reading.com/~donclark/hrd/styles/vakt. To highlight a point. .
Role playing. Builds models. dance. . In this article we¶ll look at the kinesthetic learning style and how best to present information to people who favor it. doing and touching. Studying with others. They are ³hands -on´ types who prefer doing to talking.htm#types%20of%20learning%20styles About 10% of the general population are kinesthetic learners. Is fidgety during lectures. Kinesthetic Learners Can Benefit from: Studying in short blocks.. Using flash cards to memorize.com/od/homeworkhelp/a/learningstyle.MI.. Likes role playing. Takes breaks when studying. Recognizing the Kinesthetic Style While only about 10% of the general population are kinesthetic le arners. They may find it hard to sit still for long periods and may become distracted by their need for activity and exploration. http://www.about. fill-ins.ldpride. They prefer to learn by getting their body into action and moving around. Taking field trips. Likes science lab. essays. moving. Only people who enjoy lots of hands-on work tend to keep coming back to something so physical. http://homeworktips. Studies with loud music on.<. Best Test Type: Short definitions.htm y y y y y y y Tactile/Kinesthetic Learners: learn through . visiting museums. multiple choice. Taking lab classes. movies. it¶s a good bet a lot more people in a grappling class are.li> Worst Test Type: Long tests. Using memory games.net/learningstyles.y y y y y y y y y Does not have great handwriting. actively exploring the physical world around them. Tactile/Kinesthetic persons learn best through a hands -on approach. Is involved in martial arts. Likes adventure books.
Meta-Learning Techniques One of the most important things you can do regarding learning styles is help your students become aware of their own preferences. http://www.As a coach you can count on all of your players to engage in kinesthetic learning. Organization Techniques If you talk for more than ten minutes during a technical demonstration you¶ve gone way too long. It helps them concentrate better. Kinesthetic learning is not particularly difficult to understand but because so many people regard learning as something you do by reading books or listening to lectures. taking a grapping class may actually be the very first time they become consciously aware of kinesthetics. momentum. Be sure to talk to your students about kinesthetics. They may not be kinesthetic-oriented by nature.com/Learning-Styles-in-Grappling. If I can¶t demonstrate something in under three minutes I usually break it down into smaller chunks. Three minutes is my rule. You¶ll also see the kinesthetic types following along as you demonstrate . so make sure all of your students know what it is and that they will need to make extensive use of kinesthetic learning methods to succeed. Check out the article entitled Chunking to find out more. are very likely kinesthetic learners (and masochists). Moving is so fundament al to kinesthetic learners that they often just fidget if nothing else. don¶t say anything else and then get to work. they often haven¶t given a great deal of thought to physical movement as a means of study. Even predominantly visual and auditory learners need to make use of all the kinesthetic techniques they can. Say what you need say. It has to do with the relationship between short-termmemory and learning. This is a very important point that relates not just to ki nesthetic learners but to everyone in general. Kinesthetics simply refers to an awareness of changes in pressure. balance and body position in general. Kinesthetic learners need to get to the action as soon as possible. When you¶re giving a demonstration the people who always ask you to demonstrate on them so they can feel the technique. It¶s all about feeling what you¶re doing as you do it. Let me point out a few indicators of the kinesthetic style.htm Mix . Even visual and auditory learners can¶t keep track of 10 minutes worth of non-stop details.moving their arms and legs in imitation of what you¶re doing. but grappling will eventually shape them into skilled kinesthetic learners. For some people.grapplearts.
I want you to listen . Visuals complain: Auditories don't pay attention to them because they don't make eye contact. How do you see the situation? What do you see stopping you? This looks good.Understanding and Identifying Auditory. This sounds good Do you have visual images in your head as you are talking and listening to me? Can you see what I am saying? How do you feel about this situation? I'm getting a handle on this material. ." Word Selections felt body sensations feel pain touch Do you feel what you are saying? Are you in touch with what I am saying? Kinesthetic Develop a strong feeling towards an experience How do you hear this situation going? What do you hear that is stopping you? Sounds heavy.usd.html . Let's move together. Word Selections tinkling silent squeal blast screaming choking Word Selections color clear spiral showed vivid notice Fantasies Lecture Do you love me? Auditories complain: Kinesthetics don't listen. . Do you see what I am showing you? http://people. Does what I am putting you in touch with feel right? Sounds heavy. Kinesthetics complain: "Auditory and visual people are insensitive. Visual and Kinesthetic Learning Styles Auditory Identify sounds related to an experience Visual Have a sharp. clear picture of an experience Do you make pictures in your head I hear you clearly.edu/~bwjames/tut/learning-style/styleunder.
.vak learning style indicators (free self-test questionnaire) visual when operating new equipment for the first time I prefer to when seeking travel directions I.. I tend to say... when cooking a new dish I. I tend to say. tasting as I cook 4 write instructions explain verbally demonstrate and let them have a go 5 "I see what you mean" "I hear what you are saying" "I know how you feel" 6 "show me" "tell me" "let me try" 7 "watch how I do it" "listen to me explain" phone "you have a go" 8 complainin write a go back to the store. I tend to say.. auditory kinesthetic/physical 1 read the instructions listen to or ask for an explanation have a go and learn by 'trial and error' 2 look at a map ask for spoken directions follow my nose or maybe use a compass 3 follow a recipe call a friend for explanation follow my instinct. . to teach someone something I..
read the reviews test-drive what you fancy 13 learning a new skill I watch what the teacher is doing I like to give it a try and work it out as I go along by doing it 14 choosing from a restaurant menu.. letter or send the faulty item to the head office 9 museums or galleries music or conversation physical activities or making things 10 look and decide discuss with shop staff try on. fiddle with pens and pencils and touch .g about faulty goods I tend to. I prefer these leisure activities when shopping generally I tend to... I imagine what the food will look like I sing along to the lyrics (in my head or out loud!) I talk through the options in my head I imagine what the food will taste like 15 when listening to a band I listen to the lyrics and the beats I move in time with the music 16 when concentrati ng I.. handle or test 11 choosing a holiday I.. focus on the words or pictures in discuss the problem and possible solutions move around a lot.. read the brochures listen to recommendation s discuss with friends I talk through with the teacher exactly what I am supposed to do imagine the experience 12 choosing a new car I.
doing and practising the activity. or imagining it being done 18 my first memory is of when anxious. I. fine foods or dancing .. I feel especially connected to others because of looking at something being spoken to doing something 19 visualise the worst-case scenarios talk over in my head what worries me most can't sit still. I tend to. write lots of revision notes (using lots of colours!) I talk over my notes. I.. to myself or to other people imagine making the movement or creating the formula 22 when explaining something to someone.front of me writing notes or keeping printed details in my head saying them aloud or repeating words and key points in my head unrelated things 17 I remember things best by.. show them what I mean explain to them in different ways until they understand encourage them to try and talk them through the idea as they try 23 my main interests are photograph y or watching films or peoplewatching listening to music or listening to the radio or talking to friends physical/sports activities or fine wines. fiddle and move around constantly 20 how they look what they say to me how they make me feel 21 when I revise for an exam..
. when I first contact a new person. I first notice how people. When I'm meeting with an old friend.businessballs....htm .com/vaklearningstylestest.. watching television talking to friends doing physical activity or making things 25 I arrange a face to face meeting I talk to them on the telephone I try to get together to share an activity 26 look and dress sound and speak stand and move 27 if I am very angry. faces names things I have done 29 they avoid looking at you their voice changes the vibes I get from them 30 I say "it's great to see you!" I say "it's great to hear your voice!" I give them a hug or a handshake totals visual auditory kinesthetic/physica l http://www..24 most of my free time is spent. I keep replaying in my mind what it is that has upset me I shout lots and tell people how I feel I stomp about. slam doors and throw things 28 I find it easiest to remember I think I can tell someone is lying because.
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