Kitsch (English pronunciation: /ˈkɪtʃ/, loanword from German) is a form of art that is considered an inferior, tasteless copy of an extant style of art or a worthless imitation of art of recognized value. The concept is associated with the deliberate use of elements that may be thought of as cultural icons[1] while making cheap mass-produced objects that are unoriginal. Kitsch also refers to the types of art that are aesthetically deficient (whether or not being sentimental, glamorous, theatrical, or creative) and that make creative gestures which merely imitate the superficial appearances of art through repeated conventions and formulae. Excessive sentimentality often is associated with the term. The term kitsch is considered derogatory, denoting works executed to pander to popular demand alone and purely for commercial purposes rather than works created as self-expression by an artist.[2] The term is generally reserved for unsubstantial and gaudy works that are calculated to have popular appeal and are considered pretentious and shallow rather than genuine artistic efforts.[3] The concept of kitsch is applied to artwork that was a response to the nineteenth century art with aesthetics that convey exaggerated sentimentality and melodrama, hence, kitsch art is closely associated with sentimental art.


The etymology is uncertain, but, as a descriptive term, kitsch originated in the art markets of Munich in the 1860s and the 1870s, describing cheap, popular, and marketable pictures and sketches[4] In Das Buch vom Kitsch (The Book of Kitsch), Hans Reimann defines it as a professional expression “born in a painter's studio”. Analogously, the writer Edward Koelwel rejects that kitsch derives from the English word sketch, noting how the sketch was not then in vogue, and argues that kitsch art pictures were well-executed, finished paintings rather than sketchy drawings. Another highly possible theory is that it comes from the Hungarian word kicsi Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈkɪtʃɪ]/kis [kɪʃ] meaning little or small. Most likely through Austrian German. This theory is contradicted by the fact that kitsch in Hungarian is known as "giccs", and these words have clear similarities in pronunciation. This fact suggests that one of these words perhaps originated from the other one.

Garden gnomes and other lawn ornaments are often considered kitschy

the most apparent features of their cultural habits. Kitsch became defined as an aesthetically impoverished object of shoddy production. meant more to identify the consumer with a newly acquired class status than to invoke a genuine aesthetic response. One. using it as a single focus may become problematic when the art of some periods is examined.Kitsch 2 History Early uses of the term Kitsch appealed to the crass tastes of the newly moneyed Munich bourgeoisie. working with emotional and "unmodern" or "archetypical" motifs was referred to as kitsch from the second half of the nineteenth century on. "the term kitsch was originally applied exclusively to paintings". A source book on texts critical of kitsch underlines this by including excerpts from the writings of Kant and Schiller. As Thomas Kulka writes. Kitsch was considered morally dubious and to have sacrificed aesthetic life to a pantomime of aesthetic life. such as music. As an effect of these aesthetics. the presence of sentimentality and the lack of originality being the main accusations against it. who points out that kitsch "is his Clement Greenberg's barbarism". Kant also identified genius with originality. whom Hermann Broch refers to as "genialischer kitsch". such as Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. who allegedly thought they could achieve the status they envied in the traditional class of cultural elites by aping. Thuller's point is supported by Mark A. as it came into being in the mid to late 18th century. setting values that could be used to identify kitsch When originality alone is used to determine artistic genius.[5] and composers. who points to how kitsch criticism is based on Immanuel Kant's philosophy of aesthetics. who emphasized the idea of the artist belonging to the spirit of his time. such as Ilya Repin. Kant describes the direct appeal to the senses as "barbaric". however clumsily. in the interest of signaling one's class status. In this sense. but it soon spread to other disciplines. one such imitator being Luca Giordano. for example. A notable exception to the lack of such debate is Gabrielle Thuller. has to keep in mind two things: a) Kant's enormous influence on the concept of "fine art" (the focus of Cheetham's book).[6] [7] . a painter was hailed for his ability to imitate other masters. which are the defining traits of kitsch. the word eventually came to mean "a slapping together" (of a work of art). Cheetham. but not always. The term has been applied to painters. which is largely ignored. or "kitsch of genius". Kitsch is thus seen as "false". or zeitgeist. thus. usually. One could say he implicitly was rejecting kitsch. however. Immanuel Kant contributed greatly to the philosophical definition of fine art. In the Baroque period. Another influential philosopher writing on fine art was Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. do not find room within Kant's "aesthetical indifference". and b) how "sentimentality" or "pathos". Relationship to aesthetics debated There is a philosophical background to kitsch criticism.

it formed a system of its own. art is supposed to be subjective.Kitsch 3 Art and kitsch defined as opposites The word. as Greenberg speaks of its concern with by Adorno and Broch previous cultures. having its displayed at Bilbao Museum has appeal described focus directed at the past. Marxists believe there to be a disjunction between the real state of affairs and the way that they phenomenally appear. The Czech writer Milan Kundera. "everything that infringes on kitsch. Broch called kitsch "the evil within the value-system of art"—that is. It helps serve the oppression of the population by capitalism by distracting them from their social alienation. he opposed the Renaissance to Protestantism. diverse interest groups compete and negotiate with one another to produce a generally acceptable consensus. Contrarily for Adorno. The art world of the time perceived the immense popularity of kitsch as a threat to culture. "must be banished for life" in order for kitsch to survive. Greenberg held similar views to Broch concerning the beauty and truth dichotomy. and Clement Greenberg. To Broch. kitsch. if true art is "good". kitsch. where the art is controlled and formulated by the needs of the market and given to a passive population which accepts it—what is marketed is art that is non-challenging and formally incoherent. offering instead a sanitized view of the world. Broch held that kitsch depended solely on plundering creative art by adopting formulas that seek to imitate it. by children running . Kundera wrote. He argued that kitsch involved trying to achieve "beauty" instead of "truth" and that any attempt to make something beautiful would lead to kitsch. The first tear says: How nice to see children running on the grass! The second tear says: How nice to be moved. who each sought to define avant-garde and kitsch as opposites. "Kitsch causes two tears to flow in quick succession. in which "all answers are given in advance and preclude any questions". While art was creative. He claimed that kitsch is parody of catharsis and a parody of aesthetic experience. but which serves its purpose of giving the audience leisure and something to watch or observe. Consequently. Relationship to totalitarianism Other theorists over time also have linked kitsch to totalitarianism and its propaganda. Therefore." For Kundera." including individualism. challenging. in his book The Unbearable Lightness of Being (1984). The arguments of all three theorists relied on an implicit definition of kitsch as a type of false consciousness. kitsch is "evil". kitsch was not the same as bad art. a Marxist term meaning a mindset present within the structures of capitalism that is misguided as to its own desires and wants. In its desire to paper over the complexities and contradictions of real life. Hermann Broch. Broch Puppy. a gigantic kitsch sculpture by Jeff Koons accuses kitsch of not participating in the development of art. together with all mankind. was popularized in the 1930s by the art theorists Theodor Adorno. which he outlined in his essay "Avant-Garde and Kitsch". is intimately linked with totalitarianism. believing that the avant-garde style arose in order to defend aesthetic standards from the decline of taste involved in consumer society and that kitsch and art were opposites. In a healthy democracy. "Whenever a single political movement corners power we find ourselves in the realm of totalitarian kitsch. Adorno perceived this in terms of what he called the "culture industry". and irony. doubt. He wrote that kitsch functions by excluding from view everything that humans find difficult with which to come to terms. limiting itself to conventions and demanding a totalitarianism of those recognizable conventions. and oriented against the oppressiveness of the power structure. by contrast. defined it as "the absolute denial of shit". Kundera suggested.

it was under its reign that the difference between high art and low art first was defined by intellectuals. and conversely. According to Tomas Kulka. Broch argued that the genesis of kitsch was in Romanticism. Intellectual and aesthetic qualities of the work were certainly there—good examples of academic art even were admired by the avant-garde artists who would rebel against it. however. non-involving. but which opened the door for kitsch taste by emphasizing the need for expressive and evocative art work. with the public lining up to see art exhibitions as they do to see movies today." 4 Relationship to academic art One of Greenberg's more controversial claims was that kitsch was equivalent to academic art: "All kitsch is academic. which continued this tradition of Romanticism. any academic painting made after the time of academism. trying to democratize the art world. It is not that academic art was found to be accessible. There was some critique. Academic art strove toward remaining in a tradition rooted in the aesthetic and intellectual experience. has a twofold reason for its association with kitsch. He later came to withdraw from his position of equating the two. that in being "too beautiful" and democratic it made art look easy. certain academics even advocated that the artist should work for the marketplace. and superficial. In some sense the goals of democratization succeeded and the society was flooded with academic art." He argued this based on the fact that academic art. was heavily centered in rules and formulations that were taught and tried to make art into something that could be taught and easily expressible. . In fact.Kitsch on the grass! It is the second tear that makes kitsch kitsch. is kitsch by nature. which wasn't kitsch itself. such as that in the nineteenth century. Often nineteenth century academic art still is seen as kitsch. all that is academic is kitsch. Academic art. This antique kitsch writing set allows the user to rest writing utensils in the buck's antlers Many academic artists tried to use subjects from low art and ennoble them as high art by subjecting them to interest in the inherent qualities of form and beauty. as it became heavily criticized. although this view is coming under attack from modern art critics. In England.

"Camp" is derived from the French slang term camper. It involved an aesthetic of artifice rather than of nature. such as singer and dancer Carmen Miranda with her tutti-frutti hats. This often led to poorly made or conceived artwork being accepted as high art. refers to an ironic appreciation of that which might otherwise be considered corny. although original in their first expression. the borders between kitsch and high art again became blurred. in some circles. hard-line supporters of camp culture have long insisted that "camp is a lie that dares to tell the truth". recognizing its historical role in the genesis of both the avant-garde and kitsch. the qualities of having a particular and unique style. but is not the same as camp when used as a "gay sensibility". The majestic or romantic impression of a stately animal would be punctured by humor. This kitsch postcard of Lohengrin was circulated around 1900 Postmodernist interpretations With the emergence of postmodernism in the 1980s. The avant-garde reacted to these developments by separating itself from aspects of art that were appreciated by the public. A hypothetical example from the world of painting would be a kitsch image of a deer by a lake. . such as popular culture events that are particularly dated or inappropriately serious. Furthermore. such as pictorial representation and harmony. such as in creating accurate representations.Kitsch 5 Literacy in art became widespread. it becomes camp. In order to make this camp. Often. such as the low-budget science fiction movies of the 1950s and 1960s. Susan Sontag argued in her 1964 Notes on "Camp" that camp was an attraction to the human qualities which expressed themselves in "failed attempts at seriousness". The original. These images were copied endlessly in kitschified form until they became well-known clichés. One development was the approval of what is called "camp taste" . art which was found to be kitsch showed technical talent.which may be related to. which often actively was encouraged by the artists. as did the practice of art making. and of reflecting the sensibilities of the era.[8] Camp. Many modern critics try not to pigeonhole academic art into the kitsch side of the art-or-kitsch dichotomy. or otherwise kitsch. the notion of an animal receiving a punishment for the breach of the rule is patently ludicrous. one could paint a sign beside it. but lacked good taste. the subjects and images presented in academic art were disseminated to the public in the form of prints and postcards. which means "to pose in an exaggerated fashion". Indeed. serious sentimentality of the motif is neutralized. and there was a blurring of the division between high and low culture. saying "No Swimming". and thus. in order to make a stand for the importance of the aesthetic.

non-ironic. These artists strove to maintain legitimacy by saying they were "quoting" imagery to make conceptual points. the word "kitsch" still remains in common use to label anything seen as being in poor taste. and narrative painting. In any case. because. In 2000. As in the surreal and figurative paintings of Lawrence Hollien. an increasing number of figurative painters are referring to themselves as "kitsch painters". whatever difficulty there is in defining boundaries between kitsch and fine art since the beginning of postmodernism. excluding all sentimental and realistic art from being considered seriously. it founded itself in a primitivism which embraced ugliness and garishness. who. began to argue for kitsch as a positive term used as a superstructure for figurative. which took a different route: instead of "quoting" kitsch in an ironic stance. many in the art world continue to adhere to some sense of the dichotomy between art and kitsch. simple kitsch decorations.Kitsch 6 Much of pop art attempted to incorporate images from popular culture and kitsch. This has come under attack by critics. who argue for a renewed appreciation of academic art and traditional figurative painting. emulating kitsch as a sort of anti-aesthetic. they downplayed the formal structure of the artwork in favor of elements that enter it by relating to other spheres of life. As a result of this redefinition proposed by Nerdrum. without the concern for it appearing innovative or new. in 1998. Conceptual art and deconstruction posed as interesting challenges. a movement arose called the Nuovi-nuovi ("new new"). together with several other authors. he composed a book entitled On Kitsch. as with kitsch. where he advocated the concept of "kitsch" as a more correct name than "art" for this type of painting. . such as this angel sculpture Despite this. In Italy. usually with the appropriation being ironic. Some create their own. A different approach is taken by the Norwegian painter Odd Nerdrum.

[17] [18] [19] [20] A twenty-five-feet-tall version of a Johnson statue that Although the proposal was rejected unanimously by the municipal is cited as an unauthorized derivative of an Alfred public art committee and the city attorney expressed concern Eisenstaedt photograph by its copyright holder. that was published in Life magazine in 1945 and is protected by copyright.[16] Public debate about the role of kitsch in the arts ensued. was placed on temporary exhibit among a display of fine art at the bay front of Sarasota. [14] After a temporary display of a similar statue at the Port of San Diego.[15] the director of a Sarasota bay front biannual show brought another version of the work to Sarasota in 2009. An elderly donor offered to give that statue permanently to the city. however.[21] See also • • • • • • • • • • • • • Camp (style) Chintz Cliché Fine art Folk art Hipster (contemporary subculture) Popular culture/popular culture studies Poshlost Prolefeed Retro Schlock Vladimir Tretchikoff Lowbrow (art movement) . [10] [11] [12] The statue is alleged to be a copy of an iconic photograph by Alfred Eisenstaedt. a people shown walking away from the statue claim to be majority vote of the city commission authorized acceptance of the the subjects gift as long as funding for any legal expenses was provided by the donor and Johnson agreed to forgo the purchase price for that purpose if that became necessary. In 2005 one of several versions of a statue produced by the staff of Seward Johnson. are present only in the Eisenstaedt photograph. supporting the infringement claim. the because he felt the copyright infringement case had merit.Kitsch 7 Contemporary kitsch debate A notable issue regarding kitsch and copyright laws arose early in the twenty-first century.[9] The response of the community was severely divided. Johnson claimed to have used another source found through research at the national archives.[13] When issues of copyright infringement arose. which was in the public domain. Johnson has been labeled a kitsch artist since the 1980s. Florida. Certain details of the statues.

”Das Buch vom Kitsch”. Ernst Bloch. Gabrielle (2006 and 2007). but for kitsch. Princeton University Press. • world wide kitsch [29]—kitsch painters and writers • Why Dictators Love Kitsch [30] by Eric Gibson. ISBN 1-58243-168-X • Cheetham. University of Chicago Press.) • Ward. Kitsch: The World of Bad Taste. ISBN 0-85965-152-5 • "Kitsch. Psychologie du Kitsch: L’art du Bonheur. Phänomenologie des Kitsches. ISBN 0-8070-6681-8 • Karpfen. ISBN 978-3-15-018476-9. Wie erkenne ich?".). Edward Koelwel. • Thuller. Ludwig (1971). translated from the 1968 Italian version. ISBN 3-484-32112-1/0083-4564. The Wall Street Journal. Art and Culture. Paul Oskar (1990). On Kitsch. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht in Göttingen. Hermann Broch. 2. 2009 . Faszination und Herausforderung des Banalen und Trivialen”. ISBN 0-271-01594-2 • Kundera. ISBN 3-525-34024-9. • Kristeller. Celeste (2002). (1972). Peter (1994). • Greenberg. ”Kitsch. ISBN 0-06-093213-9 • Moles. "Kitsch. ISBN 82-489-0123-8 • Olalquiaga. Gerd. External links • • • • • • • Avant-Garde and Kitsch [22]—essay by Clement Greenberg On Kitsch [23]—selections from Odd Nerdrum’s manifesto Kitsch and the Modern Predicament [24]—essay by Roger Scruton Museum of Bad Art [25] World Of Kitsch [26] The Allee Willis Museum of Kitsch [27] Kitsch or Not? [28]—like Hot or Not. Fritz (1925). ISBN 0-226-75342-5. Harper Perennial. (Both on Belser-Verlag. ISBN 3-570-03148-9 • Shiner. ”Kant. Odd (Editor) (2001).Kitsch 8 Further reading • Adorno. ”Kitsch. Denoël-Gonthier • Nerdrum.” in J. Richard Egenter. ISBN 978-3-7630-2493-3. Larry (2001). Wolfgang (2002). Texte und Theorien". The Unbearable Lightness of Being: A Novel. ISBN 3-7630-2463-8. (Includes classic texts of kitsch criticism from authors like Theodor Adorno. Routledge. ”The Modern System of the Arts” (In ”Renaissance Thought and the Arts”). Reprint (1994): Ungekürzte Ausgabe. ISBN 0-415-25380-2 • Braungart. Art and Art History: moments of discipline”. Stuttgart. Norbert. The Culture Industry. • Richter. Piper Verlag. Hans (1936). Universe Books. (2007). Milan (1999). Gillo (1969. (pbk. Kitsch and Art. Kitsch in Sync: A Consumer’s Guide to Bad Taste. Max Niemeyer Verlag. Hamburg. Frankfurt am Main: S. University of Minnesota ISBN 0-8166-4117-X • Reimann. Geist and Zeitgeist: The Spirit in an Unspiritual Age. Bertelsmann. Clement (1978). vermehrte und verbesserte Auflage München: Wilhelm Fink Verlag. • Giesz. Weltbund-Verlag. "Kunst und Kitsch. etc. Reclam. • Kulka. Tomas (1996). Plexus Publishing. ”The Invention of Art”. ISBN 3-596-12034-9 / ISBN 978-3-596-12034-5. Kitsch-Lexicon. Walter Benjamin. Hermann (2003). ISBN 0-521-80018-8. Il Kitsch). Goudsblom and S. August 10. Balsam für Herz und Seele". Ferdinand Avenarius. München. The Artificial Kingdom: On the Kitsch Experience. • Broch. Beacon Press. Fischer Verlag. [Partially translated into English in Dorfles (1969)]. ”Was ist Kitsch?”. • Gelfert. (1998[1935]) “The Kitsch Style and the Age of Kitsch. • Dorfles. Abraham (nouvelle édition 1977). Oxford: Blackwell. Counterpoint Press. LCCN 78-93950 • Elias. Hans-Dieter (2000). Pennsylvania State University Press. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-691-02010-1. Eine Studie über die Entartung der Kunst”. Theodor (2001). Distributed Art Publishers.) / 0-691-07253-1. Mennell (eds) The Norbert Elias Reader. Mark A (2001).

[9] Sarasotaseasonofsculpture. After com/ people/ archive/ article/ 0. Robert. com/ uniontrib/ 20070311/ news_lz1a11kitsch. Retrieved 2010-06-08. com/ entry/ 2009-07-10T09_56_04-07_00) [21] Ogles. html). [2] "Glossery of Art terms and materials" (http:/ / netdwellers. "Musikalische Warenanalysen" [7] Carl Dahlhaus. org/ GallerySpecs. Washington Post. cgsmusic. org/ artsnetmn/ identity/ idvocab. nytimes. People. sharecom. "Cast in Bronze and Controversy. theledger. [3] "Classical Guitar Dictionary K" (http:/ / www. artsconnected. [11] Blake Gopnik. people. pg (http:/ / localmatters. Artsconnected. [4] Calinescu. sarasotaseasonofsculpture.uniontrib.. dll/ article?AID=/ 20090713/ VIDEO/ 907132002& template=video) [19] Heraldtribune. heraldtribune. Cgsmusic. [5] Clement Greenberg. . AWMoK. Robert (2009-04-28). Netdwellers. com/ [27] http:/ / www. com/ article/ 20090620/ news/ 906205044) [17] ""Unconditional Surrender" statue in Sarasota" (http:/ / unconditionalsurrender. com/ ).com. 2002-11-01. Retrieved 2010-06-08. (http:/ / www. MI: University of Michigan Press. Retrieved 2010-06-08. html?id=34b2e4cc-6760-49b1-8cb0-a6642d73a6d1 .wordpress. com/ 2005/ 05/ 28/ arts/ design/ 28corc. Queer Aesthetics and the Performing Subject: A Reader. Sarasota Herald Tribune (http:/ / www. 2010 [22] http:/ / www. museumofbadart. html [25] http:/ / www. heraldtribune. "Über musikalischen Kitsch" [8] Cf. "Corcoran. html).org. wsj. SRQ Daily. Retrieved 2009-05-04. Seward Johnson's Works Find No Haven in New Haven" (http:/ / www. Jacob. Ww. nerdrum. html).Kitsch • Fulford. . cfm?id=407) [10] Neuhaus. com [30] http:/ / online. Fabio Cleto. Retrieved 2010-06-08. com/ story-printer. org/ [26] http:/ / www. washingtonpost. Cable (1984-03-26). nationalpost. Reject Copycat Statue. At the Corcoran Gallery. com/ article/ SB10001424052970204908604574336383324209824. com/ kitsch/ [24] http:/ / www. com/ [29] http:/ / Casts About for New Path" (http:/ / www. org/ html/ 9_1_urbanities_kitsch_and_the. "Port surrenders in the battle against kitsch | The San Diego Union-Tribune" (http:/ / (http:/ / www. com/ article/ 20090822/ LETTERS/ 908219932/ 2163/ OPINION?Title=Reject-copycat-sailor-statue) [14] "Sculptor at center of copyright infringement case" (http:/ / www. [18] Heraldtribune. . html). . (2007-03-11).20087432. Retrieved 2010-06-08. net/ Classical Guitar Sheet Music Dictionary/ Classical Guitar Dictionary K. "A Bad Impression. wordpress. . Five Faces of Modernity. "Avantgarde and Kitsch" [6] Theodor Adorno. ed. Sculptor J. . com/ apps/ pbcs. ca/ greenberg/ kitsch. cfm?masID=1967). com/ [28] http:/ / www. com/ article/ 20060509/ NEWS/ 605090464?Title=Sculptor-at-center-of-copyright-infringement-case). worldofkitsch. Unconditionalsurrender. 2006-05-09. com/ 1001/ hosting/ users/ AT/ IslandArts/ paTerms and materials. Seward Johnson's Travesty in Three Dimensions" Washingtonpost. [16] Theledger. uniontrib. Retrieved 2010-06-08. com/ JMailer/ showMassMail. (http:/ / www. (http:/ / www. "Finding kitsch's inner beauty" [31].com (http:/ / www. ISSN 1486-8008. heraldtribune. Robert L. html?pagewanted=print) [13] Graves. Unconditional Surrender Deal to Be Finalized Today (http:/ / www. htm) com/ article/ 20090822/ LETTERS/ 908219932/ 2163/ OPINION?Title=Reject-copycat-sailor-statue) [20] Localmatters. worldwidekitsch. kitschornot. [15] Pincus. Ann . 2002. heraldtribune. 2009-06-30. Kitsch. 9 References [1] "ArtsNet Minnesota: Identity Vocabulary" (http:/ / www. Matei. June 11. html#mod=article-outset-box [31] http:/ / www. com/ ac2/ wp-dyn?pagename=article& contentId=A62842-2003Sep11& notFound=true) [12] Lynette Clemonson. Retrieved 2010-06-08. html [23] http:/ / www.

Sitethief.jpg  Source: http://en. Nakon. Rholton. Judge Rahman.php?oldid=374044712  Contributors: Kitschkatch. Fourohfour. Catgut. was dedicated to the city . Sparkit. Stude62. Zoicon5. Toytoy. Y73m09d11.^rdquo. Bobblewik. Wernher. Faradayplank. Enirac Sum. MeridianiGusev. Johan Magnus. Μυρμηγκάκι. Zingale. Sam Blacketer. DavidLeslie2. CambridgeBayWeather. Duncan. Spinoza1111. Moleskiner. Robertvan1.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anne97432. Jwalk487. JRM. Warburg File:Bilbao Jeff Koons Puppy. Cyfal.wikipedia.Unconditional_Surrender. Immanuel Giel. Katr67. Static Universe. Redthoreau. Tgwitty. Sebasletelier. BigBodBad. Camembert. Ouishoebean. Koffer. Mattes. Bus stop. Exe. Sfan00 IMG. Night1stalker. Recury.Monniaux.jpg  Source: http://en._which_represents_a_famous_photo_taken_by_Alfred_Eisenstaedt_of_a_Sailor_kissin  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Ephraim33. Hybirdd. Hmwith. Kwamikagami.php?title=File:Angioletto_kitsch. Abby Boultbee. Lacrimosus. Tiddly Tom. Laurascudder. Hu12.^rdquo. Leandrod. Greatgavini. RL0919. Cmdrjameson. Jaberwocky6669. Secretlondon. Francisco BR. Pietaster. Notyourbroom. Clubmarx. Dakinijones. Goochelaar. Rich Farmbrough. Tomisti. Siryendor. Gaius Cornelius. Andre Engels.jpg  Source: http://en. Mdwyer. ChildofMidnight. Dori. Petercorless. Licenses and Contributors File:Garden gnome with wheelbarrow-20051026.wikipedia. Puckly. Ingolfson. Elindstr. Jpgordon. Fetchcomms. org/ licenses/ by-sa/ 3. Qertis. Legotech. Cybercobra. CSWarren. Poobread. Thewiikione.. Dogwood123. Johnbod. Irønie. Jackollie. Chris 73. Marskell. David Rush. Spiraling. Caesium. Lars T. Mel Etitis. KF. Bblackmoor. Nfu-peng. Vanished User 03. WhatamIdoing. Spencerk. Imperialles. Deltabeignet. Qwyrxian. Riffraffselbow. Agonotheta. Ke4roh. Svajcr License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3. Tothebarricades. InnocuousPseudonym. Verne Equinox. OlEnglish. 354 anonymous edits Image Sources. Ajd. Freshacconci. David. David Gerard. Elvis. OregonD00d. Shannon. Islandtech. Thorenn. Lotje. After Midnight. Ortolan88.php?title=File:Schreibtischset. Booyabazooka. 1 anonymous edits File:Angioletto kitsch. Haukurth.wikipedia. 0/ . Stephen pomes.baptista File:Immanuel Kant. AgentPeppermint. Aeternus. Q9. Mandarax.php?title=File:Garden_gnome_with_wheelbarrow-20051026. Arn7. Zovits. Andycjp. Znode. That. Wik. EugeneZelenko. Bunnyhop11. Phlebas. Oblivious. Ihcoyc. AmiDaniel. Sunday 66. Proxima Centauri. Guerilla grrl. Clashfrankcastle. Fireplace. New York City 1945.jpg  Source: http://en.jpg  Source: http://en. Felicity4711.wikipedia. Tenebrous.wikipedia.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: BeatrixBelibaste. Rsukach. Lycurgus. Pathless. Lupin. Ewoo251. Nick. TheKMan. Ionesco. Tom harrison. Gregbard. Capricorn42. Veldin963. Susvolans. AngelOfSadness.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Ioannes. Popageorgio. RedWolf. Rachel1. TedE. EncycloPetey. J04n. Tamfang. Brianshapiro. Kingturtle.5  Contributors: Jacopo Prisco Image:US Navy 070210-N-7643B-079 The statue ^ldquo.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 2. R Lowry. Orangefoodie. Trilobite. Hashar. Aominux. Sys. Moros.php?title=File:Lohengrin-kitsch. AlainLa. which represents a famous photo taken by Alfred Eisenstaedt of a Sailor kissing a nurse in Time Square. Icaro.wikipedia. D'n.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Peng File:Lohengrin-kitsch. Steverapaport. Hailey C. Boston. Jahsonic. Thjortel. Kjetil r. Symane. Gepardenforellenfischer. Peter Isotalo. DVD R W. Quadell.Unconditional Surrender. Naniwako. TJSwoboda. Ingolfson.0 Unported http:/ / creativecommons. Evrenosogullari.php?title=File:Bilbao_Jeff_Koons_Puppy.php?title=File:Immanuel_Kant. Zman. 83d40m. P00r. BMF81. Connelly. Mr Adequate. Catdude. LedgendGamer. LettusB.jpg  Source: http://en. Sandover. Pteron. Opelio. Seresin. Lord Voldemort.jpg  Source: http://en.Article Sources and Contributors 10 Article Sources and Contributors Kitsch  Source: http://en. Aristottler. Kelisi. Mav. Nach0king. Mechasheherezada.php?title=File:US_Navy_070210-N-7643B-079_The_statue_^ldquo.wikipedia.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Noebse File:Schreibtischset. Ilja Lorek. Rlitwin. Bhumiya.

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