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Review Notes in Drug Education By: RKManwong
DEFINITION OF TERMS DRUG ADDICTIONS – A state of periodic or chronic (continuous) intoxication (drunk) detrimental to individual and to the society produced by the repeated consumption of drugs (WHO) CHEMICALS – Is any substance taken into the body, which alters the way, the mind and the bodywork. CHEMICAL ABUSE – Is an instance when the use of a chemical has produced a negative or harmful consequence. TREATMENT – Is a medical service rendered to a client for the effective management of hit total conditions related to drug abuse. It deals with the physiological without abusing drugs. REHABILITATION – Is a dynamic process directed towards the changes on the health of the person to prepare him from his fullest life potentials and capabilities, and making him law-abiding and productive member of the community without abusing drugs. ENABLING – Is any action taken by a concerned person that removes or softens the negative effect or harmful consequences of drug use upon the user. Enabling only makes thing worse. It is like fighting fire with gasoline. POLYDRUG ABUSE – Many people who abuse on drug tend to take allsorts of drugs. Some play chemical “Russian roulettes” by taking everything including unidentified pills. This is called polydrug abuse. DRUG EXPERIMENTER – One who illegally, wrongfully, or improperly uses any narcotics substances, marijuana or dangerous drugs as defined not more than a few times for reasons or curiosity, peer pressure or other similar reasons. DRUG SYNDICATE – It is a network of evil. It is operated and manned by willful criminals who knowingly traffic in human lives for the money. Large sum of money, they can make in their illegal and nefarious trade. The set results of their commerce are physical and mental cripples, ruined lives, even agonizing death. WITHDRAWAL PERIOD – From the point of habituation or drug dependence up to the time a drug dependent is totally or gradually deprived of the drug. TOLERANCE – It is the increasing dosage of drugs to maintain the same effect. This is dependent is totally or amphetamines, barbiturates, opiates and solvents. DRUG DEPENDENCE – A state of psychic or physical dependence, or both on dangerous drugs, arising in a person following administration or use of a drug on a periodic or continuous basis. PHYSICALDEPENDENCE – An adaptive state caused by repeated drug use that reveals itself development of intense physical symptoms when the drug is stopped (withdrawal syndrome). by

PSYCHOLOGICALDEPENDENCE – An attachment to drug use which arises from a drug ability to satisfy some emotional or personality need of an individual. (Physical dependence not required but it does not seem to reinforce psychological dependence) MARIJUANA – Obtained from an Indian hemp plant known as “Cannabis Sativa” a strong, handy ,annual shrub which grows wild in temperature and tropic regions. TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL – (THC) It is the psychoactive agent of marijuana. The more THC present in marijuana, the more potent is the drug. It is also known as the “siniter element” in marijuana. This is what causes the “high lift” or “trip” in marijuana users. HASHISH – It is the dark brown resin that is collected from the tops of potent Cannabis Sativa. It is at least five times stronger than crude marijuana. Since it is stronger, the effect on the user is more intense, and the possibility of side effects is greater. Placing the crude plant material in a solvent makes it. The plant material is then filtered out and the solvent is removed, yielding a gummy, resinous substance. NARCOTICS – Is any drug that produces sleep or stupor and relieves pain due to its depressant effect on the central nervous system. A term narcotic comes from the Greek word for sleep “Narkotikos” OPIUM – Obtained from a female poppy plant known as “Papayer Somniferum”. It comes from the Greek word which means “juice”. It is the original components of Morphine and Heroin.

lungs damage. emotional instability. bunnies. speed. when mixed with alcohol Damage to lungs. Its effects are rapid from the time of intake. panic anxiety Capsule of varying longer periods of ras sleep. suffocation. fatigue Rigidity. This stimulant was originally known as “Kakuseizal” is the Japanese word for waking “Zai” the term for drugs. mescaline) Loss of appetite. SHABU – It is Japanese form of drug abuse. possible psychosis w/ chronic use. COCAINE – It is an alkaloid contained in the leaves of “Erythoxylon coca” a hardy plant cultivated in Bolivia. dizziness. increased heart rate.net 2 MORPHINE – It is the second extraction from opium. weed joints. lack of concentration. MDA. This is the most potent of opium derivatives. footballs. crossroad. intoxication. It was named after Morpheus the Greek god of dreams stimulating effects. CODEINE – Is another opium alkaloid. It is indeed “super-speed”. psilocybin. hashish. A powerful natural stimulant known to man. long period w/out rest or sleep Alternation of moods and perception. It is a stimulant. ups. paranila. craving for sweets. The first user of coca leaf were the Incas of Peru. irritability. possible paranoia. rapid speech. elevation Pills of varying. bone marrow. tumors mood. drivers. six times stronger. Disorientation. nausea. grass. liver. It is used as a painkiller. It is an amphetamine type of stimulant whose chemical use name in Methmphetamine. possible hallucinations. impaired short term memory. five times stronger than morphine. medicine cabinets and shops. laughter SIGN OF ABUSE Plastic baggies. anxiety. dexies. increased blood pressure. 10 MOST ABUSED DRUGS           Shabu Menthodes (cough/cold preparation) Marijuana Rugby (inhalant) Phydol (cough/cold preparation) Diazepam (minor tranquilizer) Pseudoflex (cough/cold preparation) Hycodia (cough preparation) Cotrex D (cough/cold preparation) Mercadol (cough/cold preparation) MOST COMMON REASONS FOR USING DRUGS Influence by friends and peers  Personal reason such as family problems and pleasure  Got hooked by the pusher  Used drugs for medical reason and hooked later on  Accessibility of sources such as drug stores. rolling paper. cold and clumsy skin SOLVENT/RUGBY (gasoline/ glue) Euphoria headaches. acid cubes. Indian hemp. HEROIN – It is the third derivative extracted and the most powerful. fainting stupor. eye opener) Hallucinogens (LSD. kidneys.Downloadable at www. possible chain of smoking. It is a quick acting drug. SUMMARY ON USUALLY KNOWN DRUG (SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS) DRUGS Marijuana (damo. PCR. rapid heart beat Odor of substance in clothing. severe depression. anxiety. the second to be developed after Morphine.rkmfiles. but more as a cough reliever. choking. satay) PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS Altered perception. increased appetite. death frompossible overdose esp. The stimulant started in Japan immediately after the end of the Pacific War and brought into the Philippines by Japanese tourist. . color of burnt hemp rope DANGERS Psychological dependence. Amphetamines (pep pills. micbrodots. copilot. roach clips. Cocaine acts immediately. peyote. dilated pupils. painful muscle contraction. It has no medical use because of the high rate of medication.

Solvents and aerosol sprays also decrease the heart and the respiratory rates and impair judgment. mental stress. Medically. speech and muscular coordination. Long-term use can cause weight loss. The Depressants (Downers) These are drugs which suppress vital body functions especially those of the brain or central nervous system with the resulting impairment of judgement. grass. opium) CODINE (little D) COCAINE (Coke. Mary Jane.net 3 drowsiness.rkmfiles. tabcubes. possible death from convulsions or respiratory arrest. or using large amount over a short period of time may result to disorientation. Opium – derived from a poppy plant – Papaver somniferum popularly known as “gum”.  Hashish – called locally has and look like brown or black cakes or balls. fever. itchiness. 10. Allergy w/ loss hepatitis. nervousness.. they used to smoked mixed with tobacco. Morphine . nosebleed. they look like soft gelatin capsule and they are used by taken orally or smoked. 4. tightening of muscles Glasineevelops needles and syringe capsule orspoons tourniquet.  Hashish Oil – Hash oil they appear like concentrated syrup liquid varying in color from clear to black. they can be eaten orally or can be smoked. anxiety. which relieve pain and produce profound sleep or stupor. fatigue. 2. sinsemilla. leaf dust) Intensitivity to pain. Eaten. coughing. watery eyes.are drugs. needle mark on hands Glassine envelopes razor blades. Amyl and Butyl nitrate cause rapid pulse. dope. unconsciousness or death. 5. Monkey dreamer.Downloadable at www. snow. acapolco gold. Deeply inhaling the vapor. High concentration of inhalants can cause suffocation by displacing the oxygen in the lungs or depressing the central nervous system in the point that breathing stops. slow and shallow breathing possible death when combined w/ barbiturates Shallow breathing. possible stroke or sudden death. “gamot”. muscular control poor anemia. Commonly used as a household remedy for diarrhea and abdominal pain. 7. hearing. Codeine – a derivative of morphine. tremors.They are need as cigarette (smoke). irritability. vomiting. small spoons. lack of coordination and loss of appetite. weed reefer.most commonly used and best used opiate. sneezing. Repeat sniffing of concentrated vapors over time can permanently damage the nervous system. Paregoric – a tincture of opium in combination with camphor. commonly available in cough preparations. 3. morpho. 8. euphoria. fatigue. 1. Seconal – Sudden withdrawal from these drugs is even more dangerous than opiate withdrawal. with a high dependence – producing potential. . 9. odorless bitter white crystalline powder DANGEROUS DRUG EFFECTS AND IDENTITY The Marijuana (Cannabis Sativa)  Marijuana – usually called Pot. and insomnia.  Tetrehydro Cannabinol – they called THC. “kalamay” or “panocha”. HEROIN (fit fun) MORPHINE (M. Thai stick. Heroin – is three to five times more powerful than morphine from which it is derived and the most addicting opium derivative. ---They look like dried parsley mixed with stems that may include needs --. they are potent painkillers. Tranquilizers – are drugs that calm and relax and diminish anxiety. headache and involuntary or brain hemorrhage. sedation. Narcotics . Effective as a painkiller six times potent than opium. Barbiturates – are drugs used for inducing sleep in persons plagued with anxiety. electrolyte imbalance and muscle fatigue. They are used in the treatment of nervous states and some mental disorders without producing sleep. violent behavior. running nose Short-lived euphoria changing to depression. Demerol and Methadone – common synthetic drugs with morphine – like effects. 6. The Inhalants Immediate negative effect of inhalants include nose.

they produce increased mental alertness. Sec. Psilocybin – This hallucinogenic alkaloid from small Mexican mushrooms are used by Mexican Indians today. 4. Acetone. 5.Downloadable at www. It is white. 4. sniffed (chasing the dragon) or injected. as amended by the 1972 Protocol. and the schedules annexed to the 1971 Single Convention on Psychotropic Substances (Art 1. 1. Ex. STP – It is a take-off on the motor oil additive. reduce hunger. NOTE: . 2. It can be taken orally. Hydrochloric Acid Sulfuric Acid. The Hallucinogens (Psychedelic) They consist of a variety of mind-altering drugs. Table 1 – Table 2 – Acetic Anhydride N. Amphetamines – used medically for weight reducing in obesity. 3. 2002 What is Dangerous Drug under this law? Includes those listed in the schedules annexed to the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. Instead of bringing about relaxation and sleep. Lysergic Acid. Shabu/ “poor man’s cocaine” – chemically known as methamphetamine. Cocaine – taken orally. Caffeine – it is present in coffee. 6. relief of mild depression and treatment 2. Ergometrine. “teardrops”.Effective July 4. Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) – This drug is the most powerful of the psychedelics obtained from ergot. inhaled (snorted). colorless crystal or crystalline powder with a bitter numbing taste. injected or sniffed as to achieve euphoria or an intense feeling of “highness”. Mescaline – It is the alkaloid hallucinogen extracted from the peyote cactus and can also be synthesized in the laboratory. 2002 . and some wake-up pills. Mescaline (Peyote) What are the Controlled Precursors and Essential Chemicals? Include those listed in Tables I and II of the 1988 UN Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotrophic Substances (Art 1. etc. It is a central nervous system stimulant and sometimes called “upper” or “speed”.A. Most widely used. sound. Ethyl Ether. MMDA – Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (Ecstacy) Tetrahydrocannabinol (MJ). chocolate. cola drinks. Marijuana – It is the most commonly abused hallucinogen in the Philippines.net 4 11.rkmfiles. Volatile Solvents – gaseous substances popularly known to abusers as “gas”. 3.Acetyl Anthranilic Acid Epedrine. It is a chemical derivative of mescaline claimed to produce more violent and longer effects than mescaline dose. 1.. tea. Sec 3) Ex. 9165 – COMPREHENSIVE DANGEROUS DRUGS ACT OF 2002 Approved on June 7. etc. Alcohol – the king of all drugs with potential for abuse. space and sensation. wakefulness. 5. 12. Nicotine – an active component in tobacco which acts as a powerful stimulant of the central nervous system. 7. and provide a feeling of well being. The New Law on Dangerous Drugs R. which distort reality. 3). Peyote – Peyote is derived from the surface part of a small gray brown cactus. A drop of pure nicotine can easily kill a person. socially accepted and most extensively legalized drug throughout the world. The Stimulants (Uppers) These produce effects opposite to that of depressants. a fungus that attacks rye kernels. Morning Glory Seeds – The black and brown seeds of the wild tropical morning glory that are used to produce hallucinations. thinking and perceptions of time.

000 to P10 Million 5 Possession of Dangerous drugs in the following quantities. Dangerous drugs refers to the Prohibited drugs. heroin. Possession of Equipment. 6) Being an employee or visitor of a den.rkmfiles. morphine. MJ resin. Regulated drugs and Volatile substances. 8) Illegal Chemical Diversion of Controlled Precursors and Essential Chemicals (sec. LSD. morphine. Apparatus and other Paraphernalia for Dangerous Drugs (sec. 000 to P10 Million Imprisonment ranging from 12 yrs and 1 day to 20 yrs and a fine ranging from P100. 11) Penalty Life Imprisonment to Death and a fine ranging from P500. heroin. 000. 7) Manufacture of dangerous Drugs and/or Controlled Precursors and Essential Chemicals (sec. Instrument. mj resin. 000 to P50. Dispensation.net Under RA 6425 (Dangerous Drugs Act of 1972). cocaine. Opium and its derivatives. 000 if the quantities of dangerous drugs are less than 5 grams of opium. 000 to P500. 50 grams or more of “shabu”/ Methamphetamine Hydrochloride. 000 to P400. thinner. Delivery. cocaine. cocaine. 000 to P10 Million Life Imprisonment to Death and a fine ranging from P500. morphine. Imprisonment ranging from 12 yrs and 1 day to 20 yrs and a fine ranging from P100. Life Imprisonment to Death and a fine ranging from P500. 9) Manufacture or Delivery of Equipment. Cocaine and its derivatives. and Mescaline Regulated drugs – ex. Instrument. 000 to P10 Million Imprisonment ranging from 12 yrs and 1 day to 20 yrs and a fine ranging from P100. 000 to P500. Tranquillizers Volatile Substances – ex. 4) Sale. Life imprisonment and a fine ranging from P400. 000 if the quantities of dangerous drugs are 5 grams or more but less than 10 grams of opium. Imprisonment of 20 yrs and 1 day to Life imprisonment and a fine ranging from P400. rugby. 10 grams or more of MMDA. Apparatus and other Paraphernalia for Dangerous Drugs and/or Controlled Precursors and Essential Chemicals (sec. 500 grams or more of Marijuana NOTE: If the quantity involved is less than the foregoing. the penalties shall be graduated as follows: 1. 000 to P500. Amphetamines. 12) Imprisonment ranging from 6 mos and 1 day to 4 yrs and a fine ranging from P10. mj resin. Imprisonment of 12 yrs and 1 day to 20 yrs and a fine ranging from P300. 2. gasoline What are the Unlawful Acts and Penalties? Unlawful Acts Importation of Dangerous drugs and/or Controlled Precursors and Essential Chemicals (sec. Prohibited Drugs – ex. Trading.Downloadable at www. Administration. 000. 000 to P500. heroin. 10) Possession of Dangerous Drugs (sec. MMDA. 000. dive or resort (sec. paints. Distribution and transportation of Dangerous Drugs and/or Controlled Precursors and Essential Chemicals (sec. Dive or Resort where dangerous drugs are used or sold in any form (sec. shabu. Barbiturates. 000 if “shabu” is 10 grams or more but less than 50 grams. and less than 300 grams of marijuana. 000 . 000 to P500. glue. regardless of degree of purity: 10 grams or more of opium. 5) Maintenance of a Den. shabu. MMDA. and 300 grams or more but less than 500 grams of marijuana 3. Life Imprisonment to Death and a fine ranging from P500. Hallucinogen drugs like MJ. LSD and similar dangerous drugs. 000 to P10 Million Life Imprisonment to Death and a fine ranging from P500.

14) What is the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB)? The DDB is the policy-making body and strategy-making body in the planning and formulation of policies and programs on drug prevention and control. Social Gatherings or Meetings (sec. Plus revocation of license to practice profession Life imprisonment to Death and a fine ranging from P500. and Possession of Equipment.net 6 The maximum penalties provided for Sec. 4. apparatus and other paraphernalia for dangerous drugs (sec. 2. Imprisonment ranging from 12 yrs and 1 day to 20 yrs and a fine ranging from P100. instrument. Trading. 000. 5. 8. Art II). Delivery. Art II). Apparatus and other Paraphernalia for Dangerous Drugs during Parties. 11. Drugs pushers who use minors or mentally incapacitated individuals as runners.19) The Unlawful Acts Punishable by Death Penalty 1. Cultivation of Plants classified as dangerous drugs or are sources thereof (sec. dealers. Instrument.Downloadable at www. in which case the penalty provided in sec. Art II). distributors. Possession of dangerous Drugs during Parties. Apparatus and other Paraphernalia for Dangerous Drugs during Parties. Administration. Imprisonment ranging from 6 yrs and 1 day to 12 yrs and a fine ranging from P50. . 000 (2nd Offense) NOTE: Section 15 shall not be applicable where the person tested is also found to have in his/her possession such quantity of any dangerous drug provided in sec. Art IX) 3 permanent members: to be appointed by the President. one to be the Chairman. manages or acts as “financiers” of any of the activities involving dangerous drugs (sec 4. or should a dangerous drug and/or controlled precursors and essential chemical involved in the offense be the proximate cause of death of the victim (sec 5. Sale. Art IX) Composition: 17 members (3 as permanent. Upon any person who organizes. 13). Social Gatherings or Meetings (sec. Social Gatherings or Meetings (sec. 16) Failure to comply with the maintenance and keeping of the original records of transaction on any dangerous drugs and/or controlled precursors and Essential Chemicals on the part of practioners. 5. 000 Plus revocation of license to practice profession. 15) Minimum 6 mos rehabilitation (1st offense). importers. 3. 8 Art II). 000 to 10 Million pesos Unlawful Prescription of Dangerous Drugs (sec. Social Gatherings or Meetings (sec. and Possession of Equipment. Art II). When dangerous drug is administered.rkmfiles. 000 to P10 Million Imprisonment ranging from 1 yr and 1 day to 6 yrs and a fine ranging from P10. Art II). (under the Office of the President) (sec. Importation or bringing into the Philippines of dangerous drugs using diplomatic passport or facilities or any means involving his/her official status to facilitate unlawful entry of the same (sec 4. 000 to P50. 6. 2 regular members)(sec. 6. manufacturers. Distribution and transportation of Dangerous Drugs and/or Controlled Precursors and Essential Chemicals with in 100 meters from the school (sec 5. Instrument. 78. 11 shall apply. Art II). 13). Possession of dangerous Drugs during Parties. wholesalers. 10. Upon any person who uses a minor or mentally incapacitated individual to deliver equipment.000 to P200. If the victim of the offense is a minor or mentally incapacitated individual. 77. 14) Use of Dangerous Drugs (sec. 12 as ex-officio. or retailers (sec. Dispensation. 18) Life Imprisonment to Death and a fine ranging from P500. 000 to P500. delivered or sold to a minor who is allowed to use the same in such a place (sec 6.11. couriers and messengers or in any other capacity directly connected to the dangerous drug trade (sec 5. 7. 17) Unnecessary Prescription of Dangerous Drugs (sec.

The NBI Director the Chief of the PNP – permanent consultant of the Board. regardless of quantity and purity or any part therefrom even for floral. DOF. . What are the Powers and Functions of the PDEA? (sec. Promulgation of Rules and Regulation to carry out the purposes of this Act. Maintain international networking. Art IX). Chairman of CHED. Narcotics Division of the NBI. Art IX). 82. Develop educational programs and info drive. 81. Art IX) • • • • • • • • Formulation of Drug Prevention and Control Strategy. 61). Coordination with agencies for community service programs.Gen of PDEA. DFA. DND. NYC. PDEA Operating Units: It absorbed the NDLE-PCC (created under E. importation of any illegal drug.net 7 12 ex officio members: Secretary of DOJ. What is the PDEA? PDEA means Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency. decorative and culinary purposes is punishable with life imprisonment to death and a fine ranging from P500.rkmfiles. Establish forensic laboratories. DOLE. 86. 000 to P10 million.O. Enforcement of the provisions of Art II of this Act. Conduct eradication programs. and the Dir. Head: Director General – appointed by the President Assisted By: 2 Deputies Director General (one for Admin. and DepEd. It is the implementing arm of the DDB and responsible for the efficient and effective law enforcement of all the provisions on any dangerous drugs and/ or precursors and essential chemicals. Close coordination with local and international drug agencies. Design special training. Filing of appropriate drug cases. Undertake investigation. Maintain a national drug intelligence system. Conduct continuing seminars and consultations. and the Customs Narcotics Interdiction Unit (sec. make arrest and apprehension of violators and seizure and confiscation of dangerous drugs. What are the Powers and Duties of the DDB? (sec. Art IX) • • • • • • • • Cause the effective and efficient implementation of the national drug control strategy. DSWD. NARCOM of the PNP.Downloadable at www. and the Pres/Chaiman of an NGO involved in a dangerous drug campaign to be appointed by the President. Conduct policy studies and researches. DOH. another for Opns) – appointed by the President (sec. 2 regular members: President of the IBP. 84. Important Features of R. DILG.A 9165 • In the revised law.

dives.rkmfiles. • • (sec. cultivate. couriers. spouse or guardian who refuses to cooperate with the Board or any concerned agency in the treatment and rehabilitation of a drug dependent may be cited for Contempt of Court (sec. delivery. and other places where illegal drugs are administered is deemed liable under this new law. and managers of the illegal activity. the same shall be confiscated and escheated in favor of the government. administer. 15 • if convicted – confinement and rehab Parents. distribution or transportation of any of these illegal drugs transpires with in 100 meters from any school. deliver. Art VIII). propagate. 968). Pushers who use minors or mentally incapacitated individuals as runners.58. • • The law also penalizes anybody found in possession of any item or paraphernalia used to administer. dispatch in transit or transport any dangerous drugs regardless of quantity and purity shall be punished with life imprisonment to death and a fine ranging from P500. A penalty of 12 yrs to 20 yrs imprisonment shall be imposed on financiers. Any person who shall be convicted of violation of this new law. dispense. dispensation. coddlers. 000. produce. contain or conceal illegal drugs with an imprisonment of 12 yrs to 20 yrs and a fine of P100. Owners of resorts.D. process. compound.Downloadable at www. 73. Art VIII) Filing of charges against a drug dependent for confinement and rehabilitation under voluntary submission program can be made: • second commitment to the center • upon recommendation of the DDB • may be charge for violation of sec. administration. pack. store. 000 to P10 million. harvest. trade. 000 to P500. Any person who shall sell. But if the sale. administration. give away to another or distribute. delivery. . and messengers or in dangerous drug transactions shall also be meted with the maximum penalty.net • 8 The trading. distribution. and transportation of dangerous drugs is also punishable by life imprisonment to death and a fine ranging from P500. regardless of the quantity of the drugs and the penalty imposed by the court shall not be allowed to avail the privilege provisions of the Probation Law (P. the maximum penalty shall be imposed. establishments. convert. 000 to P10 million.