LX

User Manual, Rev. R

SeeGull® LX High-Speed Scanning Receiver User Manual

Single Receiver Protocols and Bands Supported:
GSM 850MHz GSM 900 MHz GSM 1800 MHz GSM 1900 MHz GSM Dual-Band 850/1900 MHz GSM Dual-Band 900/1800 MHz UMTS WCDMA 2100 MHz UMTS WCDMA 1900 MHz UMTS WCDMA 850 MHz UMTS WCDMA 1800 MHz UMTS WCDMA Dual-Band 850/1900 MHz
Document Number: 100004-00 Rev. R RoHS Compliance for European Models

Dual Receiver Protocols and Bands Supported:
Tri-Band GSM/WCDMA 900/1800/2100 MHz Dual-Band GSM/WCDMA 850/1900 MHz Dual-Band WCDMA 2100/1900 MHz WCDMA 2100 MHz PLUS Dual-Mode cdma2000 EV-DO 850/1900 MHz Dual-Mode cdma2000 EV-DO 450 MHz

cdma2000 850 MHz cdma2000 1900 MHz cdma2000 450 MHz cdma2000 Dual-Band 850/1900 MHz cdma2000 Japan 850/2100 MHz EV-DO 850 MHz EV-DO 1900 MHz EV-DO Dual-Band 850/1900 MHz EV-DO 450 MHz

PCTEL, RF Solutions Group

ii

Rev. R

Table of Contents
Preface..................................................................................................................................................... iv Purpose ............................................................................................................................................... iv Applicability.......................................................................................................................................... iv References ........................................................................................................................................... v Trademarks .......................................................................................................................................... v Notices and Warranty Information........................................................................................................ v Restrictions.......................................................................................................................................... vi 1. Overview and System Requirements .................................................................................................. 7 General Description.............................................................................................................................. 7 Initial Inspection.................................................................................................................................... 8 Options ................................................................................................................................................. 8 System Requirements ........................................................................................................................ 11 Software Requirements...................................................................................................................... 12 2. Installation.......................................................................................................................................... 13 Integration........................................................................................................................................... 13 DBS Option Installation ...................................................................................................................... 14 3. Operation ........................................................................................................................................... 15 Calibration .......................................................................................................................................... 15 Software Upgrades............................................................................................................................. 15 Operation: Controlling the Scanner and Acquiring Data ................................................................... 15 cdma2000/EV-DO use of GPS........................................................................................................... 15 HoldOver Option Operation................................................................................................................ 15 4. DBS Operation.................................................................................................................................... 16 5. Troubleshooting ................................................................................................................................. 19 6. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)................................................................................................... 22 7. Support .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Contact Information ............................................................................................................................ 29 Calibration Notice ............................................................................................................................... 29 Procedure for Returning a SeeGull® LX for Repair: ........................................................................... 30 8. PCTEL, RF Solutions Group’s Product Offering................................................................................ 31

PCTEL, RF Solutions Group

iii

Rev. R

The SeeGull® LX receiver is a software-defined receiver. It is available along with other documentation that describes PCTEL’s other products and related applications. The SeeGull® LX receiver is capable of supporting multiple protocols and frequency ranges as listed below. providing our customers with numerous advantages from the receivers’ flexibility and upgradeability. and measurement features. R PCTEL. 1900 and 850 cdma2000 Dual-Band 850/1900 cdma2000 Japan 850/2100 Tri-Band GSM/WCDMA 900/1800/2100 Dual Mode GSM/WCDMA 850/1900 EV-DO 1900. bandwidth. 850/1900 GSM Dual-Band. 850 and 450 EV-DO Dual-Band 850/1900 Dual Mode cdma2000/EV-DO 850/1900 Dual Mode cdma2000/EV-DO 450 The SeeGull® LX receivers have these features: GSM Fast Scanning Speed BCCH Decoding Option BSIC Decoding Option C/I (Co-Channel Interference) Measurements Spectrum Analyzer Scan Distance Based Sampling Option RSSI Channel Scan RSSI Frequency Scan Concurrent Measurements Built-in GPS Option WCDMA Fast Scanning Speed Distance Based Sampling Option Time Slot Scan Pilot Scan PSCH & SSCH Scans Top N Scan RSSI Channel Scan RSSI Frequency Scan Signal to Interference Ratio (SIR) Measurements Multiple Concurrent Frequency Scans Spectrum Analyzer Scan Rake Finger cdma2000 Fast Scanning Speed Spectrum Analyzer Scan Pilot Zoom Scan Pilot Scan PCH w/Pilot List Scan PCH w/Top N Scan Pilot Detail Scan Distance Based Sampling Option RSSI Channel Scan Rev. For more information please contact your sales or marketing representative (contact information provided in section 7). RF Solutions Group iv . The SeeGull® and SeeGull® DX receivers are described in other manuals. provide base station monitoring. demodulate RF signals and analyze wireless market data. 1800 and 1900 UMTS WCDMA Dual-Band 850/1900 MHz UMTS WCDMA Dual-Band 2100/1900 MHz cdma2000 450. modulation type. The SeeGull® LX receivers are used globally to optimize wireless network performance via drive test and measurement.SeeGull® LX Manual: Preface Preface Purpose This document is a user’s manual for the SeeGull® LX high-speed. 900/1800 UMTS WCDMA 2100. perform tower site surveys. 900. 1800 and 1900 GSM Dual-Band. Applicability This manual covers PCTEL’s SeeGull® LX receivers. demodulating scanning receiver. The differences between the various LX models concern the operating frequency range. SeeGull® LX scanning receivers will support the following Second and Third Generation (3G) protocols: GSM 850.

PCTEL assumes no responsibility or makes no warranties for any errors that may appear in this document and disclaims any implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. document number 120008-00M. PCTEL SeeGull LX Scanners being delivered to participating European nations will be compliant to EU Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS). SeeGull® LX Enhanced Interface Control Document (eICD). and click on the RF Solutions Group link. Specifications are subject to change without notice. Inc. PCTEL. 2. This program applies to our SeeGull LX WCDMA 2100 and GSM 900/1800 units. RF Solutions Group v Rev. Trademarks © 2005 PCTEL. CLARIFY . WARNING: These devices have no protection against lightning. The pertinent details are listed below: The product is essentially unchanged. document number 121028-01M. SeeGull . 4. RoHS Compliance: Effective July 2006. ® For more information please visit www. SeeGull® LX Scanner DBS Application Note. and GSM 850/1900. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners. using the same product names and part numbers and providing the same features and performance using the same interface (eICD and API).SeeGull® LX Manual: Preface RSSI Frequency Scan Top N Pilot Scan Multi-Frequency PN Scans HoldOver Option Synch Ch Timing Option Code Domain Option Built-in GPS EV-DO Fast Scanning Speed Spectrum Analyzer Scan Pilot Zoom Scan Pilot Scan RSSI Channel Scan RSSI Frequency Scan Top N Pilot Scan Multi-Frequency PN Scans HoldOver Option Built-in GPS cdma2000 Japan Fast Scanning Speed Pilot Zoom Scan Pilot Scan RSSI Channel Scan Top N Pilot Scan Multi-Frequency PN Scans HoldOver Option Synch Ch Timing Option Built-in GPS References 1. document number 12100001M. take the antenna inside the car before a thunderstorm approaches. the PCTEL. Other SeeGull LX scanners will not be affected at this time. The RoHS scanners are designed to preserve the functionality of the existing LX scanners and to provide seamless continuity for you in order to integrate them into your drive test systems. Please turn off the receiver during a thunderstorm and. NOTICE: There are no user serviceable parts inside the receivers. if applicable. Notices and Warranty Information The information in this document is subject to change without notice and should not be construed as commitment by PCTEL. including CDMA. Inc.pctel. InSite .com. All rights reserved. ® ® ® PCTEL. The SeeGull® LX Applications Programming Interface (API) Specification. RF Solutions Group’s Terms & Conditions of Sale CLARIFY logo and the PCTEL logo are trademarks of PCTEL. including our multimode configurations (Tri-Band) along with accessories (cables and antennas). EV-DO. 3. WCDMA 1800. R .

RF Solutions Group 20410 Observation Drive Germantown. Inc. Inc. All Rights Reserved Copyright 1997-2006 by PCTEL. Applications that check the software version numbers reported by the scanner will need to accept the new version numbers. if the scanner is not RoHS compliant. The parts that are used are all RoHS compliant. No other application development work is needed. All rights reserved. All products manufactured before this change will continue to use 5. R .0) that supports the new parts. Inc. and will only be used on RoHS compliant products. it is intended for internal use only. PCTEL. it will be upgraded using all RoHS material. PCTEL. The RoHS product can be identified in 3 ways: A RoHS indicator on the chassis A query to the scanner will indicate a RoHS version of hardware The scanner will be using WCDMA/GSM Release 6. MD 20876 USA Phone: +1 (301) 515-0036 Fax: +1 (301) 515-0037 Restrictions This document contains proprietary information that is protected by copyright. In accordance with the RoHS directive. The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice. it is not to be disclosed to a third party. only the LEDs are moved. Copyright Information No part of this document may be used or copied in any form or any means without prior written consent of PCTEL. Inc. it may be upgraded using all RoHS material or all non-RoHS material.0 or later. makes no warranty of any kind with regards to this document. There is a new version of software (WCDMA/GSM Release 6. Single scanners that are upgraded to dual mode or tri-band configurations will have special treatment: If the scanner is RoHS compliant.x software. and are essentially equivalent replacements. shall not be liable for errors or omissions contained herein or for incidental or consequential damages in connection with the use of this document. weight and configuration) and connector location. No part of this document may be photocopied or reproduced in any way without the prior written permission of PCTEL. RF Solutions Group vi Rev. PCTEL. including the accessories. resulting in a RoHS compliant product.SeeGull® LX Manual: Preface The product uses the same mechanical package (dimensions.

the Applications Programming Interface (API). It is a test tool for signal strength and modulation measurement. makes writing the host software easy. and data acquisition. It was designed for the planning. installation. available from PCTEL.2k Baud speed. See Figure 1-2 for details. and other RF measurements. The unit can also be customized to do various levels of protocol analysis.SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation 1. The serial communication link allows the host (IBM PC or a proprietary computer with a USB or an RS-232 interface) to control the operation of the scanner and to receive the measurement results. including the applicable system configuration and software requirements. It uses a control processor for control functions messaging. An optional description known as the Interface Control Document (ICD) of the low-level serial protocol development is also available for non-PC applications. Overview and System Requirements This section describes the SeeGull® LX receiver. including tuning to the desired channels. the SeeGull® LX receiver can provide the user with critical measurements for managing the quality of the network. please contact your PCTEL sales or marketing representative. engineered for the rigors of the mobile test equipment market. R . Depending on the protocol and the type of measurement. If the host is an IBM PC or another Windows computer. Control GPS RF Antenna Antenna Figure 1-1: SeeGull® LX Receiver with GPS +12 VDC RS-485 RS-232 Control Processor Data & Address Busses Digital Downconverter Data & Address Busses Internal GPS DSP RF Front End DB9 DC/DC Converter Figure 1-2: Top-Level Block Diagram PCTEL. statistics of the signal.4k Baud. RF Solutions Group 7 Rev. The raw data is further processed in the DSP processor to yield the averaged RSSI (Received Signal Strength) data and the base station identifier. The DSP processor controls the RF front end. demodulation. For copies of the API and/or the ICD. but can also be factory configured for 38. and acquires two channels of baseband data. and maintenance of wireless networks. (Refer to section 3 for more details). General Description The SeeGull® LX (Figure 1-1) is a dualconversion super-heterodyne receiver that includes a Digital Signal Processor (DSP) for signal detection. The RS-232 interface comes standard with 115.

Front View of SeeGull® LX Connector Power On LED Receiver Showing Connections Options There are a number of options available for the LX scanners. refer to the SeeGull® LX Enhanced Interface Control Document (eICD).SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation Note that the Tri-Band and Dual-Band units provide a USB interface that is supported by Windows PC platforms. This describes the required hardware interface and the software techniques to control the scanner for DBS applications. please call the Technical Support line at 866-384-7877. Traditionally. GPS Antenna Input RF Antenna Input RS-232 Data/Powe r Figure 1-3. Distance Based Sampling Kit The Distance Based Sampling (DBS) Kit (part number OP028) is available for the SeeGull® LX scanning receiver. It provides both model tuning and optimization capability in one tool.. Distance Based Sampling Option The Distance Based Sampling option includes a kit containing the following: Rev. The DBS option is a cost-effective and user-friendly approach to distance based sampling.. Distance Based Sampling Option Mount Magnetically or Mechanically to Vehicle. two separate tools were needed for these functionalities. These are described here. please contact your sales or marketing representative. The scanner will then be able to receive pulses over an RS-422 interface to control when measurements are taken. R PCTEL. and is available for all models of the LX scanner. If the contents are incomplete or the SeeGull® LX appears damaged. The Distance Based Sampling (DBS) option (part number OP029) is available for the SeeGull® LX scanning receiver. Initial Inspection Inspect the shipping container and verify that the contents are complete and match the packing list. The single receiver should look similar to the picture in Figure 1-3. See Figure 1-4 for details. RF Solutions Group 8 . Refer to Section 6 for a complete list of options available for the SeeGull® LX product line with their part number. Figure 1-4. This enables a scanner to support a DBS application. For more information. driving through tunnels or in urban areas where maintaining GPS (which is used by the scanner for both location and CDMA timing) is difficult. Examples include indoor applications. Information on the DBS applications is provided in Section 4. Please contact your PCTEL sales or marketing representative for pricing and delivery information HoldOver option for cdma2000/EV-DO The HoldOver for cdma2000 and EV-DO scanners enables users to collect measurements even when a GPS signal is not present. For information required to interface a DBS sensor to an LX scanner.

provides decoding of the BCCH (Broadcast Control Channel) type 3 messages. Pilot Detail. The Ec/Io is reported for each Code Channel in a list user. and • LAC (Location Area Code). available on the GSM LX scanners. CDMA2000 Code Domain Option This option is available on the CDMA2000 LX scanners. Sync Channel or GPS Priority. Code Domain.SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation GSM C/I Option Sensor DBS Interface Cable Magnetic Mount GSM BCCH Decoding Option This option. GSM BSIC Decoding This feature is included with the GSM LX scanners. including: • System Parameters Message • Extended System Parameters Message • Neighbor List Message • Extended Neighbor List Message • CDMA Channel List Message • Extended CDMA Channel List Message PCTEL. including CDMA Japan. The SeeGull® LX platform has the best performance yet regarding the detection sensitivity of the transmitting base stations. This is available for Pilot. • MNC (Mobile Network Code). This information includes the: • MCC (Mobile Country Code). These messages contain the Cell Identity and Local Area Identification information broadcast by the network infrastructure.) • Group and broadcast call control • GPRS mobility management. Top N. The BSIC (Base Station Identification Code) is decoded in the receiver and can be used for identifying the transmitting base station. For each RF channel. This includes information concerning: • Neighbor list • Mobility management (handovers. Timing can be acquired using Chip Timing Synchronization. transparent transport and session management • Radio resource management • SMS messages • Location services The SeeGull® LX receiver supports numerous BCCH frequency channels. PCH w/Pilot list and PCH w/Top N measurements. These messages also contain significant information on the configuration. R . etc. The timing can be acquired in 3 ways as selected by the user: GPS only. using integer values from 0 to 127. CDMA2000 Layer 3 Message Decoding Option This option is available on the CDMA2000 LX scanners. It provides Layer 3 Message Decoding of Sync Channel Message and Primary Paging Channel. Code Domain Scan allows the determination of where the signal energy is into the codeseparated channels. This option is available with the GSM LX scanners and it provides co-channel interference (C/I) measurements as well as decoding of BSIC (Base Station Identification Code). activity and performance of the network. Pilot Zoom. RF Solutions Group 9 Rev. CDMA2000 Sync Channel Timing Option This option is available on the CDMA2000 LX scanners.

20. RF Solutions Group 10 Rev. 40. resolution bandwidth (5. The scanner measures and reports power spectral density using frequency domain techniques. PCTEL. Frequency span in the RF Band. 4. R . 8. and sweep averaging (1. and 80 kHz). 10. 2.SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation Built-In Spectrum Analyzer The built-in spectrum analysis feature provides an effective means to detect and troubleshoot frequency related problems. and 16) are adjustable.

However. Applying excessive voltage to the receiver will void the unit’s DB9 SMA SeeGull® LX Receiver SMB Figure 1-7. RS-232 Power/Connector Cable PC Com Port 12 VDC Figure 1-5. Typical SeeGull LX System RF Antenna OP 021 or OP 022 Power/Data Cable GPS Antenna Antenna Requirements Use a 50 Ohm impedance antenna with an SMA male connector at the end of the cable. in most cases. Typical System Configuration Block Diagram PCTEL. various hardware and software components may be used in the scanning system along with the SeeGull® LX scanner. It is imperative that the power source be capable of supplying the receiver with the voltage and current levels as above. warranty. a typical configuration will include a host IBM or compatible PC connected to the scanner via a serial cable and running the user’s application software. It is HIGHLY recommended that the power supply not exceed the working range of the receivers.4 A (Tri-Band & Dual Receiver) • +12 VDC @ 1. RF Solutions Group 11 Rev.0 A all others Use a car battery. Power Source Requirements Use one of the following voltage levels: • +12 VDC @ 2. See Figure 1-6 for the location of the power and ground pins on the RS-232 power/connector for the single LX scanner. R . a 12-volt battery. Refer to PCTEL’s product offering matrix in section 6 for part number information. or an AC/DC adapter. This configuration is illustrated in Figure 1-5. Pin 2 Pin 6 Pin 3 Pin 5 Pin 2: Pin 3: Pin 5: Pin 6: XMIT RCV GND +12 VDC Figure 1-6.SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation System Requirements Typical System Depending on a user’s requirements.

This allows the user to write the communication drivers necessary to operate their system. Option 2: If the user does not want to develop software. RF Solutions Group 12 Rev. Documents. can be purchased. PCTEL can provide your software developers with the LX Applications Programmers Interface (API) or Enhanced Interface Control Document (eICD) to communicate with the scanner. R . a data collection software package. Figure 1-8. Display from InSite™ LX Software Package (Option) Other System Configurations In some cases.SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation PC Requirements Software Requirements Option 1: Windows Based Control If the user is planning to develop proprietary software to control the SeeGull® LX receiver using the Windows OS. eICDs) can be furnished with the scanner. users connect the SeeGull® LX scanner to computers other than IBMcompatible PCs. InSite® LX (Figure 1-8) allows for control of PCTEL’s receivers and data acquisition. PCTEL’s InSite® LX. optional low-level serial communication protocol information (Enhanced Interface Control PCTEL. Contact your PCTEL sales representative for more information. In these cases.

if present.110 inches (0. rack. RF Solutions Group 13 Rev. or case. (Note: Make Sure that Antenna Color Code. Unobstructed convection airflow is recommended. thin-walled pouches for carrying the unit is allowed. Connect the antenna to the antenna SMA connector on the unit (if purchased from PCTEL. Installation This section describes how to set up the SeeGull® LX receiver. there should be good dissipation of heat in order to prevent the unit from overheating.SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation 2. RF Solutions Group. When installing the unit in a system enclosure. the RF Connector color will match the antenna’s colored sleeve. Side of Receiver (Typical Both Sides) SMB Connector from GPS Antenna RF Input Power Data Mounting Holes (8 Total) Front of Receiver Mounting Holes (8 Total) Figure 2-1. The following steps explain how to connect the unit to the host PC and power source and to begin collecting data. Mounting Holes for Rack Mounting Note: Maximum Depth of Screw Insertion from Chassis Exterior 0. If Present. R . 1.) See Figure 2-2. The use of carefully designed. See Figure 2-1 for details. Attaching the Antenna to Receiver Rear of Receiver 2. See Figure 2-3. Matches Receiver Color Code SMA Connector from Antenna Figure 2-2. but thorough testing of the temperature regime is highly recommended.28 cm) Figure 2-3. Attaching the GPS Antenna to Receiver PCTEL. newer antennas do not have sleeves. Integration There are eight (8) mounting holes (6-32 screw) on the chassis of the unit that are used for mounting in the user’s enclosure/rack. Connect the GPS antenna (or input) to the SMB connector.

Note the Tri-Band GSM/WCDMA and the Dual-Mode cdma2000/EVDO units interface to a PC using a USB interface. R . the unit has failed the power-up test. Connects to Car Cigarette Lighter Start Up (Orange) Normal Operation (Green) System Failed (Red) Figure 2-4. as illustrated in Figure 2-4. (document #100029-00) Scanner Power Connector (RS-232) PC Serial Port Lighter Adapter. RF1 is for WCDMA or EV-DO. coded PURPLE and RF2 is for GSM of cdma2000. RF Solutions Group’s antennas have matching colored bands. Install and start the PC program. refer to the InSite® LX manual for specific instructions. PURPLE denotes the 2100 MHz band and YELLOW denotes the Dual-Bands from 806-1990 MHz. plug the cable provided into the sensor. These units have two RF connectors. Connect the scanner to a PC serial port and to the car cigarette lighter adapter using the optional power/data cable (OP021). 4. the light turns green. The system is ready for use. Not pictured is the Tri-Band GSM/WCDMA unit or the Dual-Mode cdma2000/EV-DO unit. Power Supply and Startup 5. If the light turns dark red. See USB Driver Installation Instructions for more information. After a short delay. coded YELLOW. After the power is applied. 6. PCTEL. the LED on the receiver illuminates in orange. For mounting and placement of the sensor. If you are using InSite® LX. RF Solutions Group 14 Rev.SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation Note the colored band around the RF connector. 3. refer to the installation instructions (Document 130019-00M) provided in the DBS kit. Two virtual COM ports will be available to the application software and functionality is the same as that with RS232. Please contact Customer Support. Connection of Scanner to PC. This denotes the RF frequency range and PCTEL. DBS Option Installation To install the Distance Based Sampling option.

With the HoldOver option. the CDMA2000 and EV-DO scanners will continue accurate decoding of pilots for a period of 2 -4 hours in the absence of any GPS signal. we recommend that the GPS be locked for at least 45 minutes before using the scanner in an unlocked / holdover mode (with power maintained). Please note that some upgrades can only be performed at PCTEL’s factory. inaccuracies in these measurements may occur within minutes. cdma2000/EV-DO use of GPS During collection. Aggregate and Peak Ec/Io. Item 1 (Preface Section). In case the user has a system that runs an operating system other than Windows. the following is applicable: PCTEL. HoldOver Option Operation When a GPS signal is present. Delay Spread. unless the HoldOver option is used. Recalibration is recommended every year in order to maintain the specified accuracy levels.4k Baud (please request at time of order). For instructions on how to change the baud rate. Depending on the PC software used to work with the unit. Please refer to the Calibration Notice in section 5 for more information.2k Baud (factory standard) or 38. and the measurement data is received via the RS-232 communication link running at 115. Upgrades may be needed to incorporate new features or bug fixes. and integrating the SeeGull® LX receiver into the user’s test system. Calibration SeeGull® LX receivers are calibrated at the factory. the CDMA 2000 and EV-DO scanners use the GPS data for timing information to decode the CDMA Signals. use the description of the serial interface and messages. To get the best performance of the HoldOver option during indoor measurements. Operation: Controlling the Scanner and Acquiring Data A unit is controlled. R . RF Solutions Group. the cdma2000 and EVDO scanners utilize a GPS signal to provide accurate timing for measurements of Pilot Delay.SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation 3. Note: Recalibration is Recommended Every Year If the user incorporates the scanner into their test system running Windows 2000. RF Solutions Group 15 Rev. please refer to the eICD. software upgrades. Item 2 (Preface Section). Pilot Number. and accordingly. is capable of being upgraded via software. The calibration data is stored in the internal non-volatile memory for each 1 dB step for the whole input signal dynamic range. Operation This section discusses calibration. or the API. If the GPS signal is lost. See References. Re-calibration is available as an optional service from PCTEL. use the Application Programming Interface (API) described in References. Software Upgrades SeeGull® LX scanner stores the application program in internal non-volatile memory.

SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation 4. please refer to the LX Applications Programmers Interface (API) or Enhanced Interface Control Document (eICD) for how to control and use the Distance Based Sampling option. This states that the appropriate distance for measuring a signal is taking 50 measurements within a distance that is 40 times the frequencies wave length. Background Typical application requirements: DBS is used primarily for enforcing rules about the distance spacing between measurements./sec @100km/h 1 channel 252 231 213 107 103 54 Meas. the scanners can be configured to make measurements for the channels on the scan list once for time a certain number of pulses occur. Technology of the scanner 2./sec 252 / 126 231 / 115 213 / 106 107 / 53 103 / 51 54 / 27 WCDMA 2/4 2/5 2/5 5 / 11 5 / 11 11 / 23 GSM 0/1 0/1 0/1 1/2 1/2 2/5 DBS in LX Scanners: The scanners are designed to provide the means to take RSSI measurements based on distance. The number of required measurements per second for one. error messages are reported and the resulting measurement speed is degraded. The InSite application provides the means to “calibrate” the sensor. 1008 924 852 428 412 216 the distance to take another measurement. DBS Operation If you are developing proprietary software to control the SeeGull® LX receiver. Using external sensors that provide pulses based on distance (via an RS-485 interface). and works as follows: 16 Rev. Final scanning speed is based on 4 parameters: 1.) Scanner measurement speed: Each technology in the LX scanner has a maximum scanning speed (the ability to reliably perform a maximum number of measurements per second) for making RSSI CW (continuous wave) measurements: WCDMA: 600 per second GSM: 150 per second These speeds are achieved regardless of the number of channels selected for measurement. It then allows the user to define PCTEL. other sampling rates can be determined for slower speeds. The distance selected for making measurements 4. using guidelines like those listed above. This indicates the limits on which selections should be made for scanning. 504 462 426 214 206 108 Meas. One primary motivator of this type of measuring is the “Lee criteria”./sec @100km/h 2 chans. Within the cellular technologies. 62 mph). (Of course. Band 2100 1900 1800 900 850 450 40λ/50 (cm) 11 12 13 26 27 52 Meas./sec @100km/h 4 chans. two and four channels is given if driving is assumed to occur at 100km/h (app. R . the common bands are listed here. The speed that the scanner is moving when taking measurements The maximum channels that can be configured using the Lee Criteria above are at 100km/h and 50km/h are given in this table: Band 40λ/50 (cm) 11 12 13 26 27 52 Meas. RF Solutions Group 2100 1900 1800 900 850 450 *100km/h / 50km/h LX reporting of measurements: One characteristic of PCTEL’s LX scanners is using stacked mode to achieve these scanning speeds. with the corresponding parameters. When the scanner is configured to exceed these speeds. The band to be measured 3. which determines the correct numbers of pulses per meter. other application can be used to interface with the scanners and provide these capabilities.

RF Solutions Group 17 Rev. so it would provide 4 messages in each report per second with 252 measurements in each message. each 1 second report will contain less that 255 measurements. But. for 2100MHz and 4 channels.SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation The scans are performed requested. one message is reported with the measurements done. If 10 channels are requested. but results are grouped in a large group (up to 255) • These results are reported from the scanner on 1 second boundaries • If less than 255 results are produced in a second. R . • PCTEL. if more are produces a set of messages are reported • The messages with contain a count of results that are a multiple of the number of channels (ex. When compared to the table above. in most cases. when the scanner is configured for one channel. each message in a report 150 per second will old 252. there will be up to 250 results in each message) The result is that the scanners ability to report messages does not limit the measurement speed.

.

Troubleshooting Pressure Clips Positive Connection This section describes a few suggestions for several common problems that might occur. Check the antenna to be used with each receiver to be sure that the correct frequency antenna is being used or that one is even connected. thereby disconnecting the input power from the SeeGull® LX Receiver. Note: Check The Fuse in the Cigarette Lighter Plug First! Fuse Holding Nut (Turn Counter-Clockwise to Open) Figure 5-1: SeeGull LX Power Plug ® Replace the fuse with an identical 3-amp fuse. See Figure 5-1 for an illustration of the power plug. No Power: Receiver LED’s Not Illuminated Should there be no power displayed on the Power LED located on the face of the receiver. If the fuse is not operating normally. These suggestions are user serviceable. or other problems occur within the power wiring circuitry. RF Solutions Group 19 Rev. Note: Do Not Use Tools to Tighten Received Signal Strength Appears Low If the received signal strength appears to be lower than expected. remove the cigarette lighter plug end from the power source. The fuse is the first line of defense should any short. When the fuse “blows”. Changing the Fuse in the Power Plug If it is necessary to change the fuse in the power plug. A temporarily shorted wire can also cause other problems. Insert the new fuse in the housing and re-assemble the plug by turning the knurled finger nut in a clockwise direction. it will open up.SeeGull® LX Manual: Troubleshooting 5. Note: Antennas Sold by PCTEL. it is likely that (1) an incorrect antenna is being used. which is located in the cigarette lighter end of the power cord. RF Solutions Group Look Very Similar and Can only be Identified by the Supplied Color Antenna Sleeve The fuse can be “blown” by a surge in the portable or mobile battery system. (2) an antenna is not properly connected or (3) the antenna or antenna cable is damaged. PCTEL. please check the connection first. R . The fuse is inside the power plug housing and can be removed. Tighten this nut as tight as you can with your fingers. then the fuse. there will be no power to the receiver. ONLY USE a 3-amp! Any other fuse value may cause severe problems with the unit and void the warranty. large spike. Loosen the fuse-holding finger nut by turning it counter-clockwise until the plug comes apart.

Each antenna comes in a bag that is labeled with a sleeve that identifies the frequency band with which it is to be used (see Figure 5-2 and 5-3). this supports all of the 800. Verify that all the necessary antennas are included in the shipment and that each is marked. 1900 and 2100 band scanners. cdma2000 and EV-DO Receivers Require Two Antennas (RF & GPS) for Proper Operation. Figure 5-2: OP78 The second. 900. Note: Some Receivers Require Multiple Antennas. or other physical characteristics except the presence or absences of the colored cable sleeve. Figure 5-4 shows a chart for PCTEL’s color-coding. 900. all PCTEL antennas had a colored cable sleeve to identify the band that is supported. will replace OP065. and 1900 band scanners Figure 5-3: OP79 Until these antennas were released. Antennas cannot be identified by length. R . antennas will continue to have a colored sleeve). has a built in GPS base and supports all of the 800. OP079. The new antennas will not have a colored cable sleeve to indicate that they work for all bands but the 450 MHz band (those PCTEL.SeeGull® LX Manual: Troubleshooting PCTEL recently released (August 2006) two new antennas that have new bases with a better cable (extended temperature range) and a frequency range wide enough to cover all of our scanners (except the 450 MHz scanners). replaced the OP042 and OP039. shape. The first. OP078. 1800. 1800. This information must not be lost or mixed up. RF Solutions Group 20 Rev.

2100 UMTS WCDMA Dual-Band 850/1900 Tri-Band GSM/WCDMA Dual-Mode GSM/WCDMA EV-DO .1990 869-894/1930-1990 1930 – 1990 2110 – 2170 869-894/1930-1990 900/1800/2100 850/1900 869– 894 1930 .800 EV-DO .1900 UMTS WCDMA .2170 Part Number OP042 OP042 OP042 OP042 OP042 OP042 OP042 OP042 OP042 OP042 OP039 OP042 OP042/OP039 OP042 OP042 OP042 OP042 OP042 OP123 OP123 OP078 Color Code System YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW PURPLE YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW RED RED none Figure 5-4: SeeGull LX Antenna Color Coding Matrix PCTEL.1900 cdma2000 Dual-Band 800/1900 UMTS WCDMA .SeeGull® LX Manual: Troubleshooting SeeGull™ LX Receiver Model GSM 850 GSM 900 GSM 1800 GSM 1900 GSM Dual-Band 850/1900 GSM Dual-Band 900/1800 cdma2000 .1900 EV-DO Dual-Band 800/1900 Dual-Mode cdma2000/EV-DO cdma2000 450 EV-DO 450 cdma2000 Japan ® RX Band (Frequencies in MHz) 869 – 894 925 – 959 1805 – 1880 1930 – 1990 869-894/1930-1990 925-959/1805-1880 869– 894 1930 .800 cdma2000 . RF Solutions Group 21 Rev.1990 869-894/1930-1990 850/1900 450 450 860-875/2110. R .

0 in April '03. • The time that will elapse before one pilot is detected and the next one will depend on room temperature and how much time the scanner is allowed to obtain GPS reference prior to going indoors.pctel. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) PCTEL’s website provides an up-to-date list of Frequency Asked Questions (FAQ). R . Typically.g.g. This is in addition to the chips of delay that are due to natural delays and change over time can contribute to the same result. To see this list go to www. A given pilot is detected as the next one after some time. 1/16 chip or 1/8 chip resolution)? A A • Q PCTEL. In the worst of cases -one goes inside immediately after acquiring GPS. 87 minutes is the worst case for pilot to move to the next pilot if the A Q Q What are the differences between CDMA 850 and CDMA2000 850? CDMA 850: * is based on the DX platform * can perform one function at a time (e. Q What scans can work for WCDMA in DBS mode? WCDMA with DBS only works in the RSSI CW and RSSI Wide mode (there is no supported 30KHz mode like GSM) and no other types of scans (data modes) can be active Is there any recommendation on using CDMA indoors without GPS and without the Network Timing option? The difference between any two consecutive (or not consecutive) pilots is time respective to the system reference.SeeGull® LX Manual: Troubleshooting 6. • When using the holdover option. click on the RG Solutions Group link. do you measure chip offset of specified pilot in good resolution (eq. If the pilot is coming from further away it can be less than 87 minutes based on the propagation delay from the measured based station to the indoor area that is surveyed. then Support.com. then FAQ.the pilot will be detected as the next one after about 80 minutes. other release 2. Time is defined in chips. This does not represent a problem on its own if the customer is aware and simply interprets the results accordingly. This problem is typically worked around in the field by selecting all the pilots (TopN) or every n and n+1 pilot at the expense of the slower measurement rate. the scanner will deviate by one chip every so often due to timing errors. RSSI CW and Pilot Scan and Spectrum Analyzer etc. the customer can go outside at any point during the test and allow the scanner to obtain a new timing reference. far away from a cell (>10 miles) it is possible that the delay is long enough (chips) for any pilot to be detected as the next one. it will be better especially if the scanner is allowed to acquire GPS for a longer time before going inside a building. This is the way CDMA networks are.) * can handle multiple frequencies simultaneously * has spectrum analyzer capability (release 2. RF Solutions Group 22 Rev. Additionally. At the time of release of this manual the following FAQ questions were available: SeeGull LX FAQ ® base station for this pilot is in proximity to the indoor measurement area. DBS (Distance Based Sampling) with RSSI Frequency Scan) * has code domain (option) For CDMA 850 (869~894MH).0 features are Pilot zoom (Temporal Analyzer). RSSI CW or Pilot Scan) * can handle one frequency CDMA 2000 850: * is based on the LX platform * can perform multiple functions simultaneously (e. Due to propagation delays.

but the spectrum display. Code Domain. R A A Q A Q A Q Q A A Q A What are the new values for CDMA 2000 Ec/Io thresholds for release 2.5sec OFF ]? The current product measures according to the CDMA 2000 (IS-2000) standard.5sec ON.25MHz channel power is measured and reported in Top N Pilot. RF Solutions Group 23 . What is the difference between the "RSSI scan" and "Spectrum Analyzer" mode in the SeeGull® LX WCDMA Scanner? The differences lie in the corresponding objectives and ways of implementation of the two modes. In terms of implementation. Q What would be the effects of Aggregate when using the scanner indoors? Using the Scanner Aggregate Ec/Io measurement indoors has same effect as using this measurement outdoors. do you measure RSSI? CDMA 850 measures RSSI CW (30kHz bandwidth) only.0 of the CDMA 2000 scanner will provide a GPS priority mode which will use GPS for timing when possible and if not it will use the strongest pilot’s sync channel to determine timing.SeeGull® LX Manual: Troubleshooting A The CDMA 2000 scanner provides a Pilot zoom (Temporal Analyzer) scan which measures the power per chip in a specific pilot. What happens to timing when GPS becomes unlocked for CDMA 2000? The drift at room temperature: typical . one can analyze a fast-changing spectrum of an unstable transmitter. 1024 taps = -19dBm. on one hand. "RSSI scan" modus. This only determines system accuracy if no GPS frequency reference is available. Pilot. Release 3.0? 512 taps = -16dBm. 2048 taps = -22dBm For CDMA. For CDMA 850 (869~894MH) do you measure Ec/Io of specified pilot ? This is a standard feature of the Pilot scan. How is the Aggregate Ec/Io parameter reported by the pilot scan calculated? Aggregate Ec/Io is calculated in +/. the RSSI Rev. The RSSI measurement in this case will most often show a normal smooth picture.25 MHz BW respectively. 1. it is not known how measurement accuracy or ability will be affected. as an example. Q A Q measurement without GPS is necessary.6 chips/minute ~10 minutes per PN NOTE: The aging spec for the oscillator on the LX clock card is 500 ppb/year. is used for obtaining average power in one of the two signal bandwidths of the scanner. The Spectrum Analysis is intended to provide a tool that shows a wealth of information about the signal spectrum that is not obtainable from the channel power measurement. Pilot Scan and Top N Pilot Scan Pilot Delay data mode reports PN offset in chips. Pilot Zoom and Pilot Detail scans. If Q A PCTEL. Aggregate Ec/Io value reflects a specific multi path environment experienced indoors or outdoors. If the pilot is punctured.033 chip/sec = 2 chips/minute ~ 32 minutes per PN worst case . PCTEL also has a holdover product which can provide accurate results for hours of operation once GPS is lost (assuming GPS lock is first acquired). the normal scanner will “hold over” for a period of time until GPS can be established. is it possible to lock without GPS module using external even second signal? There is not a way to feed an external signal for timing into the radio. will show an erratic behavior due to the fast update rate and lack of averaging. In addition to this Io-total 1.11 chip/sec = 6. For CDMA. Using Spectrum Analysis. For CDMA 850 (869~894MH). measures are taken to ensure high accuracy and stability of the results.25 chips window from the Peak Ec/Io by aggregating all the Ec/Io components that cross user supplied PN Threshold. is it possible to measure burst pilot [ for case of 0. if used with an appropriate resolution bandwidth. The CDMA 2000 scanner can measure channel power using RSSI scan CW or Wide channel with 30 kHz and 1. Accordingly.

As a minimum. For the PSCH detection you are distinguishing between "detectable" and "discernable". The notion of a "discernable" signal. do not attempt to average results expressed in decibels but in a linear domain instead. as in TopN). What is the difference? A A Q The difference is as follows. A In order to avoid any possible confusion. In practice. which have no GPS device included. Without this we would not be able to measure WCDMA signals up to -20 dBm. This opens a whole issue of how to post-process data. It hails from the era of CRT-based radars. However. Are the secondary sync channels also detected and measured in top N mode for WCDMA? Yes. as well as a relatively subjective nature of the decision. The only exception are the GSM models that can be purchased without navigation. and the necessary SNR after averaging is set to 0. averaging is inherent in this definition. This attenuation causes increase in the radio noise floor. The nature of the beast is such that it skews the variation towards favoring lower values whenever degrading factors are present. the criterion we use is 95% probability of detection. The decision was made by the eye of the operator. the scanner provides an absolute time-offset measurement as well as navigation data for mapping. etc. This noise floor behavior is typical for all spectrum analysis tools Why is peak psch and ssch skewed toward lower values? PSCH is more susceptible to fading than CPICH. Lee criterion. The definition also implies the intrinsic step of (nonlinear) detection (decision. How can the measured WCDMA wide band RSSI be lower than -110dBm since the thermal noise floor is at -108dBm? A A Q A Q Q Q PCTEL. continuously.SeeGull® LX Manual: Troubleshooting measurement uses analog and digital filters to select the right frequency band and subsequently measure total power. the number of traces is 10. Same will happen with the CW signals (that have lower crest factor than WCDMA signals). This is not configurable by the user. where the phosphorescence of the screen served as the video integrator. In our case. As is indicated in the product documentation. No threshold is being applied to the measurement before averaging. we call a signal "discernable" in the case when we can "see" the presence of the signal over noise after averaging a few scans. R . The "detectable" signal is a signal that is positively found virtually every scan. which makes this parameter suitable in the case of "Pilot Scan" (as opposed to Top-N). the scanner will work in areas without GPS coverage. averaging in presence of fading. The SA measurement uses a segmented FFT approach that ensures various resolution bandwidths and fast update rates. Q A Q Are the sec. So. with the coverage. let us emphasize that the GPS receiver is always included in the scanner. sync for WCDMA also detected and measured in top N mode? Yes Are the WCDMA PSCH measurements averaged over certain timeslots? How many ? Can that be defined by the user? The PSCH measurement is always performed over 16 time slots. Q Is the built-in GPS receiver needed for WCDMA? No. RF Solutions Group 24 Rev. In practice. on the other hand. is more "analogue" in nature.5 dB (that Why does the noise pedestal increase around strong carriers for WCDMA? For WCDMA signals above around -35 dBm our radio will introduce attenuation to protect itself from overflow (overload). whether or not it is being used by the customer.

The second waveform in the picture above shows the case where the velocity (V1) is greater than Vp. In this situation. DBS Mode).1)-1 The third waveform in the picture above shows the case where the velocity (V2) is less than Vp. then there will be no extra or missing measurements. In this situation. from time to time. The number of output messages between the output messages with the missing measurement (NEM ) is given by: NMM = (Vp / V . we can define the 'perfect time' (Tp) at which there will be exactly the same number of measurements taken and outputted in each message from the radio. and output on 1. The conclusions drawn herein are the same for non-zero accelerations. The first thing of interest is the Message Output waveform at the top of the diagram. we got two measurements returned in the output message. In the diagram above. DBS 2 shows the case when on the third output message. due to the DBS sensor. For the purpose of this discussion. The diagram below will be used to illustrate the problem (see picture enclosed). RF Solutions Group 25 Rev. During a TE period. When the SeeGull Lx is operating in 'triggered mode' (a. the number of measurements that occurred is based upon the desired sampling distance and the distance traveled during that time. Q A PCTEL. In the diagram above. if the speed being traveled is an integer multiple or divisor of the perfect velocity. R . The relationship between Vp and Tp would be Tp = Ds/Vp. the time between measurements will be greater then the perfect time. Now that we have detailed the 'perfect' cases. This results in there occasionally being a missing measurement in the output message. Using these assumptions.0-second intervals from the product (TE above). it is nearly impossible for a standard automobile to maintain exactly the same velocity at all times. from time to time. we can investigate the behavior that results when the information is directly plotted in a mapping package. We will assume that the vehicle using the system is traveling at a constant velocity (zero acceleration) for the sake of this explanation. This results in there occasionally being an Extra measurement in the output message.k.13. but we'd have to use integration. The measurements are buffered in the radio.SeeGull® LX Manual: Troubleshooting A PCTEL can account for the thermal noise and eliminate it to some extent in the RSSI measurement. if we were traveling at Vp we'd expect one measurement per output message. we got zero measurements returned in the output message. if we were traveling at Vp we'd expect one measurement per output message. DBS 1 shows the case when on the third output message. In reality. Since the distance between measurements is also constant at a user-selected interval (DS). which would needlessly complicate understanding of the issue. The number of output messages between the output messages with the extra measurement (NEM ) is given by: NEM = (V / Vp .2.2 and preceding exhibit a pooling behavior with respect to Distance Based Sampling operation. This enables us to measure RSSI at lower levels What is the description of DBS Windowing Issue (Useful for GPS Windowing)? The SeeGull LX radio running controller versions 1. the time between measurements will be less than the perfect time. we will assume that the GPS information is aligned EXACTLY with the output messages. the scanning receiver takes a measurement based on a user-defined distance. This same relationship exists for all velocities and corresponding measurement periods.a. there is one speed for every desired distance interval (referred to here as the 'perfect velocity' or Vp) at which there will be exactly the same number of measurements taken and outputted in each message from the radio.1)-1 Note that in both the cases above.

As can be seen above. which takes ALL of the measurement and averages them to single point based upon overlaying a grid with the desired resolution. Without PSCH present: 60ms (minimum) for one pilot. If more accuracy of data location is necessary. then it indicates pilot pollution present. if there are more pilots present than a UMTS handset can handle. My question about the LX scanner is: does it present average RSSI values of the samples that it measures? If yes. In the case of GSM. Absolute time offset of a selected WCDMA pilot in chips is measured. and will change from configuration to configuration. One simple example would be to assume a straight line between two GPS points. The would result in the case of the missing output scenario (DBS 2) in a map that looks like its missing a point every once in a while. It is more flavored towards instantaneous “stable” power than the average power. If there were multiple output messages between the GPS messages. so by looking at the pilot measurement of the carrier or the Top N measurement. and space the number of measurements that occurred during that second equally along that line. For most cases. I would like to know more details how the scanner is calculating the C/I values. this same scenario can exist absent of DBS. the answer is Yes. As with the DBS case above. you can rely on the distance traveled between two measurements to be very nearly the specified distance. Q Does WCDMA scanner report 'delay' measurement? If you mean. It A Q A Q A Q A Q A PCTEL. What is the difference in measurement speed between With PSCH and Without PSCH? With PSCH present: 525ms for one pilot. this is sufficient. this is a fairly complex issue. Since we can new GPS Data on every output message (due to our assumption above). Ranges of the time offset are from 0 to 38399. due to GPS information being available only once a second. than sources on interpolation can be consulted for more robust algorithms. The way to address this when using distance-based sampling is to apply an algorithm to the returned measurements that using interpolation to place the measurement point at the appropriate point between the two GPS readings. It is also possible to estimate the clock frequency offset of a Pilot by continuously observing Time Offset parameter change for a given Pilot. can the customer measure the delay of the signal.SeeGull® LX Manual: Troubleshooting The issue with the extra/missing samples is most obvious when data points are plotted on a map in a product like MapInfo® without using any interpolation. The actual algorithm used is a matter of some discussion. Another common technique is 'binning'. the Scanner is calculating C/I based on the FCCH burst. This issue has not been addressed to date. Thus the WCDMA scanner can help to identify the presence of pilot pollution. Any usage of WCDMA scanner to correct a pilot pollution? Pilot pollution means there are more active pilot than a handset can measure (#pilot present > #rake receivers in the phone). then the simple algorithm would lump the measurements to the GPS location of the nearest preceding second. how is this averaging done and over how many samples? The RSSI value an LX scanner returns is a combination of direct sample average and other non-linear methods. interpolation can be used to spread the measurements out more realistically over the interval. we would label each point with the location in memory at the time the message is received in the host from the scanning receiver. RF Solutions Group 26 Rev. and there are many choices depending upon the goal of the data collection. and exists in all versions of the product produced so far. As a note. R . Remember that due to the sensor.

This happens each time instantaneous (peak) power of the signals in the 5 MHz IF bandwidth crosses around -35 dBm.6333) DM. C/I is than calculated as: C/I = C/(Io-C) Q GPS takes longer to lock than normal.Multiply .d by 60 to get M.m (45. then it may need to be returned to PCTEL for recalibration. Decimal Minutes (eg.6333 --> 45 22'38") . Decimal Degrees (D.m = Decimal Minutes .6333) D. second)? Our scanner reports GPS Lat/Long in Radians.m = Degrees. avoid nonlinear effects and extend the dynamic range of unit at the expense of the noise figure degradation. A Q PCTEL.6333*60=38) We are doing scan for spectral clearance ( RF Ch RSSI Scan. 45 ο 22.d = Degrees.SeeGull® LX Manual: Troubleshooting measures correlated power of the FCCH burst C and total power Io for the same time window. at +1 (240) 460-8833. RF Solutions Group 27 Rev.d --> DM.. Minutes.m by 60 to get S(.). 45 ο 22'38") -----------------------------------------------Radians (taken from scanner) * 57. There could be some measurement difference with or without RF attenuator been turned on.m (. Minutes.3772 --> 45 ο 22. Decimal Degrees (eg.3772*60=22.. please contact our customer support. and should not be treated as a system error. Please see legend below then the conversion to degrees / minutes / seconds: Legend: -------------D = Degrees M = Minutes S = Seconds . R .3772ο) DMS = Degrees.m --> DMS (45 ο 22. 45. This is a normal behavior same as in any Spectrum Analyzer instrument. As well the RSSI measured for a particular channel in spectrum window A is not the same RSSI value measured for the same channel in RSSI window at a given time. Seconds (eg. and on usage some of the times the spectrum window show error message "RF attenuation is automatically tuned on". How do you decode the GPS data to the proper format (degree. Could you please clarify? The question here is why RF attenuation is automatically tuned on ? A Q RF attenuator is automatically turned on to prevent overflow in the unit. but the measurement error should be with in PCTEL specification of RSSI accuracy. If you have had your LX scanner for about 2 years. The user will need to pay a calibration fee.2957795 = Degrees.6333) . If the FAQ list does not answer your question or resolve the problem.d) then D.Multiply .s = Decimal Seconds DM. minute.

.

com nasales@pctel.com support. Calibration Notice PCTEL recommends a yearly re-calibration of its scanning receivers. This recommendation is based on our understanding of various factors that may affect accuracy of the measurement results. ambient temperature.com quality. This Certificate is shipped back with the unit. including PCTEL RF Solutions Group’s contacts. Although our experience has been that in most cases the units coming back for recalibration are still well in the specified accuracy margin. Every unit that passes the calibration and test process successfully receives a Certificate of Calibration.com rma@pctel.rfsg@pctel. as an example). The following factors have been identified as potential sources of accuracy degradation: crystal oscillators’ aging. warranty information.com PCTEL. Automated test and calibration stations use proprietary software which performs the process with no or minimum human intervention. RF Solutions Group 29 Rev. Email Addresses Departments Product Feedback Customer Support RMA Coordinator Quality Manager North American Sales Global Sales Contact Information productfeedback@pctel.rfsg@pctel. The test results are stored in a central quality database and they are extracted and used for periodic quality audits. Support This section provides support information. in some cases recalibration is necessary. The calibration parameters are stored as single values or arrays in the scanners’ non-volatile memory. The calibration process is followed by a fully automated production test. R . and technical specifications. amplifier stages’ gain drift. and internal noise levels for narrow and wide channel bandwidths. calibration notice. input frequency. The SeeGull® scanning receivers are calibrated for several sources of variations including amplitude levels.SeeGull® LX Manual: Support 7. LC and ceramic filters’ part value change (due to aging. Contact Information Phone Numbers Departments Marketing/Product Feedback Customer Support Quality Manager North American Sales Government Sales Contact Information 301-444-2006 240-460-8833 301-444-2045 301-467-4549 301-444-2015 Warranty Information Terms of Warranty Refer to PCTEL RF Solutions Group’s Terms & Conditions of Sale for warranty terms.com globalsales@pctel.

and a description of the problem) via fax at +1 (301) 515-0037.444. RF Solutions Group Attn: RMA Coordinator 20410 Observation Drive. It is highly recommended that PCTEL’s scanning receivers be returned to the factory annually to maintain the units’ exceptional measurement capability.com Click on RF Solutions Group. Procedure for Returning a SeeGull® LX for Repair: 1.2050) 4. you can provide the information (your name and contact information.pctel. Units shipped without an RMA number can be returned to the customer without the unit being repaired. the serial number and protocol of the unit. PCTEL. MD 20876 (301.SeeGull® LX Manual: Support The complexity of the calibration process precludes field calibration. A response including an RMA number and in-warranty or out-of-warranty information will be provided within 24 hours. then RMA Support from the table. 3. then Support. the company’s name and address. R . or the next working day. Please ship the unit to: PCTEL. 2. Complete the RMA form on the website at www. Suite 200 Germantown. RF Solutions Group 30 Rev. Alternatively. Reference PCTEL’s RMA number on all shipping documentation.

R . For further information please contact your PCTEL sales or marketing representative. Scanning Receivers DUAL-BAND SeeGull® Receivers Ordering Code 06012 06020 06020N Product Name CDMA 2000 850/1900 DualBand GSM 850/1900 Dual-Band GSM 850/1900 Dual-Band w/ Navigation GSM 900/1800 Dual-Band w/ Navigation UMTS WCDMA 850/1900 DualBand EV-DO 850/1900 Dual-Band CDMA 2000 JAPAN 2100/850 Tri-Band SeeGull® Receivers Ordering Code 06030 Product Name Tri-Band GSM/WCDMA 900/1800/2100 Dual Mode GSM 850/1900 WCDMA 1900 Dual-Mode CDMA/EV-DO CDMA 850/1900 EV-DO 850 Platform LX Platform 06033 06034 06035 06036 06037 LX 06038 LX LX 06039 06042 Dual-Mode CDMA/EV-DO CDMA 850/1900 EV-DO 1900 Dual-Mode CDMA/EV-DO CDMA 850/1900 EV-DO 850/1900 Dual-Mode CDMA/EV-DO – CDMA/EV-DO 850 Dual-Mode CDMA/EV-DO – CDMA/EV-DO 1900 Dual-Band WCDMA 1900/2100 Dual-Mode CDMA/EV-DO 450 Dual Mode GSM/WCDMA 850/1900 WCDMA Plus 2100 SeeGull® LX Receivers LX LX LX LX LX LX LX LX 06023N LX Ordering Code LX LX LX 06001 06002 06003 06007 06010 06011 06013 06021 LX 06021N 06022 LX 06022N 06024N Product Name UMTS WCDMA 2100 UMTS WCDMA 1900 UMTS WCDMA 850 UMTS WCDMA 1800 CDMA 2000 850 CDMA 2000 1900 CDMA 2000 450 GSM 850 GSM 850 w/ Navigation GSM 1900 GSM 1900 w/ Navigation GSM 900 w/ Navigation Platform LX LX LX LX LX LX LX LX LX LX LX LX 06004 06052 06056 06031 06032 PCTEL. RF Solutions Group’s Product Offering This section describes all of the different receivers that PCTEL offers in its product line along with Software options.SeeGull® LX Manual: Product Offering 8. PCTEL. Hardware options. RF Solutions Group 31 Rev. and Support. Accessories.

full battery kit and PC to dual LX scanner cable New SeeGull® battery pack and charger. Battery Pack Termination Power/232 Cable. RF Solutions Group 32 Rev.USB Includes bag. full battery kit and PC to single LX scanner cable Indoor Kit . metal.CDMA Single Band Sync Channel Timing .Serial Includes bag. car-lighter termination – 6” Replacement Cable. with serial cable New SeeGull® battery pack and charger. Car-Lighter Termination Power/232 Cable.SeeGull® LX Manual: Product Offering 06025N 06050 06051 06054 GSM 1800 w/ Navigation EV-DO 850 EV-DO 1900 EV-DO 450 LX LX LX LX OP056 OP028 CDMA2000 HoldOver Option Distance Based Sampling Kit Accessories LX LX Options & Accessories Software Options Ordering Code OP001 OP005 OP010 Product Name BSIC Decoding (Single Band) BSIC Decoding (Dual Band) GSM BCCH Decoding (SingleBand) GSM BCCH Decoding (DualBand) C/I (Single-Band) C/I (Dual-Band) CDMA2K Code Domain (Single-Band) CDMA2K Code Domain (Dual-Band) Layer 3 Decoding CDMA Single Band Layer 3 Decoding CDMA Dual Band Sync Channel Timing . R . with USB cable New SeeGull® Replacement Battery bag with Serial cable New SeeGull® Replacement Battery bag with USB cable New SeeGull® Replacement Battery Platform LX OP022 LX LX LX OP060 OP146 OP024 LX LX LX LX OP129 LX LX LX LX OP125 OP124 OP119 LX LX LX LX OP011 OP012 OP013 OP043 OP044 OP066 OP067 OP070 OP071 LX OP126 OP071J LX OP127 OP128 PCTEL.CDMA Dual Band Sync Channel Timing .CDMA Japan Dual Band Hardware Options Ordering Code Product Name Platform Platform Ordering Code OP021 Product Name Power/232 Cable. MM2 Universal Input AC/12VDC Adapter Indoor Kit .

SeeGull® LX DualBand Extended Calibration Report. SeeGull® LX Single-Band Extended Calibration Report. RF Solutions Group 33 Rev. OP134 OP135 OP136 Ordering Code OPS05 Product Name Annual Calibration: SeeGull® LX Single-Band Platform LX PCTEL. 450 MHz SingleBand Support Options LX OPS54 OP078 LX OPS14 OPS15 LX OP079 OP123 OP133 LX OPS47 Annual Calibration SeeGull® LX DualBand Annual Calibration: SeeGull® LX TriBand / Dual-Mode Extended Calibration Report. US New SeeGull® Replacement Battery Charger power cord. EU New SeeGull® Replacement Battery Charger power cord. R . 450MHz Single-Band Indoor Antenna. 850 MHz/ 1900 MHz Dual-Band Indoor Antenna. SeeGull® LX TriBand / Dual-Mode 1 Additional Yr Extended Warranty: SeeGull® LX 1 Additional Yr Extended Warranty: SeeGull® LX Dual-Band 1 Additional Yr Extended Warranty: SeeGull® LX Tri-Band / DualMode LX LX LX LX LX LX LX LX Notes: 1.SeeGull® LX Manual: Product Offering OP137 New SeeGull® Replacement Battery Charger power cord.806-960 MHz/1710-2500 MHz Dual-Band MAG MOUNT w/ GPS Antenna. *** Please Check with Your PCTEL Sales Representative for Lead-time Information. 2100 MHz SingleBand Indoor Antenna. Standard Lead-time is 30 Days 2. 806-960 MHz/ 1700-2500 MHz Dual-Band Magnetic Mount Antenna. UK Antennas OPS06 OPS48 OP138 OPS52 OP139 OPS53 OP034 Antenna. 900 MHz/ 1800 MHz Dual-Band Indoor Antenna. Magnetic Mount Antenna. GPS.

Wireless Solutions • • • • • • • Interference & Propagation Measurements Data Collection Systems Scanning Receivers Transmitters Market Analysis Base Station Monitoring Custom & OEM Solutions Wireless Applications • • • • Network Optimization Co-channel Interference Indoor Test & Measurement Coverage Testing PCTEL. Our products are recognized for Worldclass speed and quality that help our customers thrive in a competitive environment. .515. MD 20876 USA Voice: +1 301. Suite 200 Germantown. RF Solutions Group 20410 Observation Drive. on the USA’s East Coast. PCTEL’s RF Solutions Group maintains its world headquarters in the technology corridor located in Germantown. multi-standard receivers as well as test and measurement solutions to the Wireless Industry Worldwide.com Specification Subject to Change Without Notice.PCTEL’s RF Solutions Group (formerly DTI) is a leading supplier of high-speed.515.0037 www. Maryland.0036 Fax: +1 301.pctel.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful