951 views

Uploaded by Jefferson Nobleza

- Retaining Wall Design Example
- Retaining Wall Design
- 17-Retaining Wall Design
- DESIGN OF RETAINING WALL
- Cantilever Retaining Wall Design
- Design of Concrete Cantilever Retaining Wall
- retaining wall
- Guide to Retaining Wall Design
- retaining wall
- Retaining Wall Design_1
- Retaining Wall Design Manual
- Cantilever Retaining Wall Design
- Retaining Walls
- Design a RCC Retaining Wall to Retain Earth Up To
- 51294800-RCC-retaining-wall-BS8110.xls
- Retaining Counterfort Wall Design
- Cantilever Retaining Wall
- Retaining Wall Design 8Ed
- Retaining Wall Excel Sheet
- Retaining Wall Design

You are on page 1of 8

1/8

Design a reinforced concrete retaining wall for the following conditions. f'c = 3000 psi fy = 60 ksi

HT = 18 ft

surcharge = qs = 400

psf

tf wtoe tstem wheel Natural Soil: = 32o allowable bearing pressure = 5000psf

Development of Structural Design Equations. In this example, the structural design of the three retaining wall components is performed by hand. Two equations are developed in this section for determining the thickness & reinforcement required to resist the bending moment in the retaining wall components (stem, toe and heel). Equation to calculate effective depth, d: Three basic equations will be used to develop an equation for d.

M u = M n a M n = As f y d 2 a M u = As f y d [ Eqn 1] 2 C = T , 0.85 f c' a b = As f y As = 0.85 f c' ab fy [ Eqn 2]

strain compatibility :

a = 0.235, a = 0.235 d d

and choosing a value for s in about the middle of the practical design range,

[ Eqn 3]

2/8

f' a M u = 0.85 c ab f y d fy 2

M u = 0.85 f c' 0.235 d 0.235d b f y d fy 2 0.883d

Inserting the material properties: f'c = 3 ksi and fy = 60 ksi, and b = 12in (1-foot-wide strip of wall, in the direction out of the paper).

k

M u = 5.71 in d 2

Equation for area of reinforcement, As. The area of reinforcement required is calculated from Eqn. 1:

M u = As f y 0.883d = 0.90 As 60 ksi 0.883 d M u = 47.7 ksi As d

Design Procedure (after Phil Ferguson, Univ. Texas) 1. Determine HT. Usually, the top-of-wall elevation is determined by the client. The bottom-of-wall elevation is determined by foundation conditions. HT = 18 feet. 2. Estimate thickness of base. tf 7% to 10% HT (12" minimum) Tf = 0.07 (18' x 12"/') = 15.1" use tf = 16"

3/8

3. Design stem (tstem, Asstem). The stem is a vertical cantilever beam, acted on by the horizontal earth pressure.

h = 8 16 /12 ft h =16.67

ft

in

in/ft

tf = 16in

wtoe tstem wheel

ka h

ka qs

calc. d:

Pfill = 1 ( k a h ) h (1 ft out of page) 2 1 sin 1 sin( 32 o ) ka = = = 0.31 1 + sin 1 + sin( 32 o ) 1 (0.31)(100 pcf )(16.67 ft ) 2 (1 ft ) = 4310 lb 2

Pfill =

h h M u = ( Earth Pressure LoadFactor)( Pfill )( ) + ( Live LoadFactor)(Psur )( ) 3 2 16.67 ft 16.67 ft M u = (1.6)(4310 lb )( ) + (1.6)(2070 lb )( ) = 65.9 k ft 3 2

k in 5.71

Mu =

d2

k

in ) = 5.71 in d 2 , d = 11.8in ft 1 t stem = 11.8in + 2 in cover + (1.0 in ) = 14.3in , ( assume #8 bars ) 2 in in in d = 15 2 0.5 = 12.5in 65.9 k ft (12

4/8

calc. As:

M u = 47.7 ksi As d 65.9 k ft (12 in ) = 47.7 ksi As (12.5in ), As = 1.33 in 2 ft

As of one #8 bar = 0.79 in 2 in 2 in in bar 12 = 7.13 , 2 ft bar in 1.33 ft of wall 0.79 use #8 @ 6 in

4. Choose Heel Width, wheel Select wheel to prevent sliding. Use a key to force sliding failure to occur in the soil (soil-to-soil has higher friction angle than soil-to-concrete). Neglect soil resistance in front of the wall.

Fresist = Fsliding FS FS = Factor of Safety = 1.5 for sliding set Fresist = WT (tan natural soil ) tan natural soil = tan(32 o ) = 0.62 WT = W fill + Wstem + W found

15in 18

ft

12in

tf = 16in

W fill = (100 pcf )(16.67 ft )( wheel )(1 ft ) = 1670 Wstem = (150 pcf )(16.67 ft )( W found

lb wheel ft

12 in + 15in 1 ft (1 ft ) = 2810 lb in 2 12 ) 16 15 = (150 pcf )( ft )( wheel + ft + 3 ft )(1 ft ) = 200 plf wheel + 850 12 12

Fsliding = Pfill + Psur Pfill = Psur 1 (0.31 100 pcf )(18 ft ) 2 (1 ft ) = 5020 lb 2 = (0.31 400 psf )(18 ft )(1 ft ) = 2230 lb

5/8

lb lb lb lb 1670 ft wheel + 2810 + 200 ft wheel + 850 (0.62) 7250lb = 1.5 1.5 lb 7250lb = 3660lb + 1870 wheel , wheel = 7.42 ft , 0.62 ft

5. Check Overturning.

M over = P fill ( M over 18 ft 18 ft ) + Psur ( ) 3 2 = 5.02 k (6 ft ) + 2.23k (9 ft ) = 50.2 k ft

12in

18

ft

M resist = W fill (

M resist

7.5 ft 15 + ft + 3 ft ), assume wtoe = 3 ft 2 12 1.25 ft + Wstem (3 ft + ) 2 3' 15" 7.5' 11.75 ft + W found ( ) 2 = (1.67 klf 7.5 ft )(8 ft ) + ( 2.81k )(3.625 ft ) + (0.20klf 7.5 ft + 0.85k )(5.875 ft )

12.53k 2.35k

tf = 16in

M resist = 124.2 k ft M resist 124.2 k ft = = 2.47 > 2.0 = FSover , OK M over 50.2 k ft

6. Check Bearing.

v at end of toe =

WT = W fill + Wstem WT M L + , equation is valid only if e < bL bL2 6 6 + W found

WT = 12.45 k + 2.81k + 2.35 k = 17.69 k M = M over W fill (5.875 ft M = 50.2 k ft 7.5 ft 1.25 ft ) + Wstem (7.5 ft + 5.875 ft ) + W found (0) 2 2 12.53k ( 2.125 ft ) + 2.81k ( 2.25 ft ) = 29.9 k ft

e= m 29.9 k ft L 11.75 ft L = = 1.68 ft , = = 1.96 ft , e < , OK k WT 6 6 6 17.69

29.9 k ft 1 ft (1 )(11.75 ft ) 2 6

6/8

v =

17.69 k (1 )(11.75 )

ft ft

7. Heel Design. Max. load on heel is due to the weight of heel + fill + surcharge as the wall tries to tip over. Flexure:

W = Wheel + W fill + Wsur

W = 1.2(150 pcf )( + 1.6( 400 plf ) W = 2.88 Mu =

klf

Vu Mu

wu 16 7.5

ft in

setVu = Vc , 21,600lb = (0.75) 2 3000 psi (12 in ) d , d = 21.9 in for shear, controls

Shear controls the thickness of the heel. 1 t heel = 21.9 in + 2 in cover + in = 24.4 in (assume #8 bar ), 2 Reinforcement in heel: M u = 47.7 ksi As d

in 81.0 k ft (12 ) = 47.7 ksi As (21.9 in ), As = 1.07in 2 ft in 2 0.79 bar (12 in ) = 8.83 in , ft in 2 1.07 ft use #8 @ 8"

7/8

Wu Mu bL 1 2 bL 6 Wu = 1.2(W fill + Wstem + W found ) + 1.6 (Wsur )

v =

Wu = 1.2(12.53k + 2.81k + 2.35k ) + 1.6(0.4 ksf )(18 ft )(1 ft ) = 32.7 k , (did not recalc foundation wt b.c. neglible change) M u = 1.6 M over 1.2(Wsoil 2.125 ft + Wstem 1.0 ft ) 3' 1.25' 7.5'

M u = 1.6(50.2 k ft ) 1.2 12.53k ( 2.125 ft ) + 2.81k (1 ft ) = 45.0k ft

v = vA

32.7 k 45.0k ft + (1 ft )(11.75 ft ) 1 (1 ft )(11.75 ft ) 2 6 ksf = 2.78 + 1.96ksf = 4.74 ksf 1.96ksf = 0.82 ksf

A B C

d for flexure:

M u = (3.74 ksf )(3 ft )(1 ft )( 3 ft 1 2 ) + (1.00 ksf )(3 ft )(1 ft )( 3 ft ) = 19.8k ft 2 2 3

d for shear: Assume theel = ttoe = 21.5in Critical section for shear occurs at "d" from face of stem, d = 21.5" 3"cover-1/2"=18"

vcritical sec tion = 0.82 ksf +

4.74 ksf 0.82 ksf 18 (8.75 ft + ft ) = 4.24 ksf ft 12 11.75

Vu =

Vc = (.75)2 3000 psi (12in )(18in ) = 17,750lb > Vu , OK , d for flexure controls

8/8

Reinforcement in toe:

M u = 47.7 ksi As d 19.8k ft (12 0.79 in ) = 47.7 ksi As (18in ), As = 0.28 in 2 ft

in 2 bar (12 in ) = 33in , try smaller bars , say #4 ft in 2 0.28 ft use #4 @ 8"

0.20

- Retaining Wall Design ExampleUploaded byTuan Metuan
- Retaining Wall DesignUploaded byAllan Waga
- 17-Retaining Wall DesignUploaded byPuti Mayesti
- DESIGN OF RETAINING WALLUploaded byHarsh Thakur
- Cantilever Retaining Wall DesignUploaded byAgha Sikander
- Design of Concrete Cantilever Retaining WallUploaded byhendra_5
- retaining wallUploaded byKonataVon
- Guide to Retaining Wall DesignUploaded byKavin Tam
- retaining wallUploaded byjoni_joan
- Retaining Wall Design_1Uploaded byabhijithaval
- Retaining Wall Design ManualUploaded byjakes47
- Cantilever Retaining Wall DesignUploaded byAsela Udayanga
- Retaining WallsUploaded byCarmel Buniel Sabado
- Design a RCC Retaining Wall to Retain Earth Up ToUploaded byMuhammad Farooq Zia
- 51294800-RCC-retaining-wall-BS8110.xlsUploaded bymttaib
- Retaining Counterfort Wall DesignUploaded byGoutam Chakraborty
- Cantilever Retaining WallUploaded byOdu Erikole
- Retaining Wall Design 8EdUploaded bygugi
- Retaining Wall Excel SheetUploaded byfordesign
- Retaining Wall DesignUploaded byNiraj Prasad
- 101109 Retaining Wall CalculationUploaded byAlexPak
- RC_cantilever retaining wall_final.xlsUploaded bymegget
- RC Retaining Wall DesignUploaded byMesfin Derbew
- Retaining-Wall-Design.xlsUploaded byVictor Rudio
- Design Example of a Sheet Pile Retaining WallUploaded byKhurram Nazir
- UNISA Reinforced Concrete Design Study GuideUploaded byRonald Nyirenda
- Design of Retaining Wall and Support systems for Deep Basement construction - A Malaysian ExperienceUploaded byChengHian Yap
- Cantilever Retaining Wall AnalysisUploaded bynhulugalla
- Earth Retaining Wall DesignUploaded byezarul fitri

- PhysicsUploaded byvenki1994
- Insulation CoordinationUploaded byIsmael Ochoa Jimenez
- up_psUploaded bySk.Abdul Naveed
- 3. ME R13 IV-IUploaded byRajesh
- Quantum biologyUploaded byScott Mckay
- Transformer PPTUploaded bychandrakanth0083396
- 978-0-7503-1393-3.pdfUploaded byhecaicedo7408
- educ 450 - general chemistry syllabusUploaded byapi-352917620
- Nonlinear Vibration Caused by Beam of Cable Structures.pdfUploaded bystormstone
- Pressure SurgeUploaded bysasikumarmarine
- Pauli-Jung Letters - Atom and ArchetypeUploaded byMiguelAngelBroc
- acceleration worksheetUploaded byapi-245293784
- Chapter 120Uploaded byMarcWillkom
- NIST Fundamental Constants 2016Uploaded bymelvinbluetoast
- Final ReportUploaded byiofwenfiowe33
- WSDOT-3-04-AUploaded byLoka Ganeshan
- Spontaneous Inflation and the Origin of the Arrow of Time.pdfUploaded byJuanpklllllllcamargo
- Nalysis on Electric Fields and Equipotential LinesUploaded byTinio Joseph
- Active Pattern and Mutual ImpedanceUploaded byRidhwan Khalid Mirza
- Missile Fin Planform Optimization for Improved PerformanceUploaded bymegustalazorra
- 11kV Worked ExampleUploaded byNatarajan Ramakrishnan
- Ultrasonic Cleaning_ Fundamental Theory and Application CTG Clean.pdfUploaded byMusnuri Ratnateja
- Desinstitucionalização em saúde mentalUploaded byjeane_90144994
- NEMA Application Guide for AC VAriable Speed Drive SystemsUploaded byssmanian68
- Reinforced Concrete Chapter 2Uploaded byYena Cabalu
- Long Period Grating SensorsUploaded byYogesh Kumar
- 8. Design of Torsion MemberUploaded byFuad
- Adrin Gharakhani- A Survey of Grid-Free Methods for the Simulation of 3-D Incompressible Flows in Bounded DomainsUploaded byVing666789
- Handout Version (Temperature Dependent Term to Kinetic ModelsUploaded byGino Apollo Marajas Guerrero
- Chapter 10 Polyphase AC CircuitsUploaded byAdaikkal U Kumar