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MACRO-EXAMINATION

TEST CODE/YEAR ASME IX (2010) Boiler & Pressure Vessel PART/SECTION/TYPE Welding Qualifications ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA Shall be smoothed and etched with a suitabke etchant to give a clear difinition of the weld metal (WM) and heat affected zone (HAZ). In order to pass the test a) Visual examination of the cross section of the WM and HAZ shall show complete and free from cracks, except the linear indication at the root not exceeding 1/32in. (0.8) shall be acceptable. b) The weld shall not have a concavity or convexity greater than 1/16in. (1.5mm) c) There shall be not more than 1/8in. (3mm) different in the length of the legs of the fillet. The weld and parent metal shall be free from a) cracks, lack of fusion, or incomplete penetration unless the procedure is base a joint with incomplete penetration; and b) porosity, slag inclusion or surface cativities, the size and distribution of which exceeds the acceptance limits in AS 4037. As to the macroscopic test, the macrostructure on the cross-section of the weld of the weld of the test piece shall be free from crack, lack of penetration and other defect that are detrimental to use. REFERENCE QW-184 page 7

AS 3992 (1998) Pressure Equipment

SECTION 7

7.8.2 page 46

JIS Z 3040 (1995) Structural Welding

Method of Qualification Test

clause 2.4 page 57

JIS Z 3422-1 (2003) Welding Metallic Materials

Part 1 - Arc and Gas Welding of Steels &Arc Welding of Nickel Alloys

The test specimen shall be prepared and etched in accordance with an appropriate standard on one side to clearly reveal the Weld Zone. Shall include unaffected BM and recorded at least 1 macro-reproductionper procedure test. Specific service or conditions may require than is specified by this Standard in order to gain more info. Eg: ISO/AWI 17635, EN 1321

7.4.3 page 11

BS 4515-1 (2009) Welding Steel pipelines

Carbon and The specimen shall be free from cracks, lack of fusion and lack of penetration and the Carbon Manganese total area of any cavities or inclusion shall not exceed 5% of the weld cross-sectional area. steel pipelines

8.5.2.3 page 28

TEST CODE/YEAR AWS D1.1 (2010) Structural Steel

PART/SECTION/TYPE

ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA

REFERENCE 4.31.2.3 page 135

Qualification - Part C Shall confron to the following requirement: WPQ 1) Fillet welds shall have fusion to the root of the joint but not nessarily beyond. 2) Minimum leg size shall meet the specified fillet weld size. 3) Fillet weld and the corner macroetch test joint for T-, Y-, and K- connection on box tubing , shall have: i) No crack ii) Thorough fusion between adjacent layers of weld metal and between weld metal and base metal iii) Weld profile comforming to intended detail, but with none of the variations prohibited in 5.24 iv) No undercut exceeding 1/32in. (1mm) v) No porosity 1/32in (1mm) or larger, accmulated porosity not exceeding 1/4in (6mm) vi) No accumulated slag , the sum of the greatest dimension of which shall not exceed 1/4in (6mm) 4) Plug welds shall have: i) No crack ii) Thorough fusion to backing and to side of the hole. iii) No visble slag in excess 1/4in (6mm) total accumulated length. Qualification -Part B Inspected visually, shall conforn to the following requirement: WPS 1) PJP groove welds; the actual weld size shall be equal to or greater than the specified weld size, 2) Fillet welds shall have fusion to the root of the joint, but not necessarily beyond 3) Minimum leg size shall meet the specified fillet weld size. 4) The PJP groove weld and fillet welds shall have the following; a) no cracks b) thorough fusion between adjacent layers of weld metal and between weld metal and base metal c) weld profile cornforming to specified details, but with none of the variations prohibited d) no undercut exceeding 1/32in. (1mm)

AWS D1.1 (2010)

4.9.4.1 page 128

TEST CODE/YEAR AWS D1.6 (1999) (stainless steel)

PART/SECTION/TYPE Structural Welding Code

ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA The visual inspected macroetch shall conform to the following: 1) PJP groove welds shall have the designed weld size 2) Fillet welds shall have fusion to the root of the joint, but not necessarily beyond 3) Minimum leg size shall meet the specified fillet weld size. 4) The PJP grove welds and fillet welds shall have the following: a) No cracks b) Through fusion between adjacent layers of WM and between WM and BM c) Weld profiles conforming to intended detail, but with none of the variations prohibited in section 5

REFERENCE 4.6.9.1 page 75 page 76