DALTON’S LAW OF PARTIAL PRESSURE
 T and V are constant  Pressure fraction = mole fraction  PT = PA + PB + PC +…….

AMAGAT’S LAW OF PARTIAL VOLUME
 T and P are constant  Volume fraction = mole fraction  VT = VA + VB +VC +……

in wt. P = 600kPa Density at STP (kg/m3) . T = 90C. %comp. V(m3) if m=80 kg. in vol. GIVEN: GAS MIXTURE CH7 C2H6 C3H8 COMPOSITION 87% 12% 1%  REQUIRED:     %comp.

gases at room temperature . liquid at room temperature  NONCONDENSABLE GAS  Gas. CONDENSABLE GAS  Vapor.

 UNSATURATION (PP < PV)  Partial pressure of the vapor is less than the vapor pressure at specified temperature . SATURATION (PP = PV)  Partial pressure of the vapor is equal to the vapor pressure at specified temperature.

 DEW POINT  Temperature at which the vapor starts to condense  Example: dew point = 300C [H2O] PH2O = PVH2O at 300C  Vapor pressure calculation (Antoine Equation) ln(p) = A – B/C + T .

. RELATIVE SATURATION (RS)  Defined as the partial pressure of the vapor divided by the vapor pressure of the vapor at the temperature of the gas.

 MOLAL SATURATION (Sm)  The ratio of the moles of vapor to the moles of vapor-free gas .

 ABSOLUTE SATURATION (Sabs)  Weight of vapor per weight vapor-free gas .

 PERCENTAGE SATURATION (%S) .

has a molal humidity of 0.030.29 mmHg . determine:  the relative humidity  the dew point of the gas (in 0C) PV @ 600C = 148. If a gas at 600C and 101.6 kPa.

696 psia= 760 mmHg Required: a) Hm b) Habs c) Saturation temperature .64mmHg T = 90 0F PT = 14. Given: RH = 85% PV @ 900F = 35.

 Transformation of a liquid into a vapor in a non-condensable gas. ENTERING. L (dry gas. V . water vapor) VAPOR. water vapor LEAVING. E Dry gas or Dry gas.

 Change of a vapor in a non-condensable gas to liquid. C . L (dry gas. E LEAVING. water vapor) saturated Dry gas. ENTERING. water vapor CONDENSATE.

9 Kpa C P @ 300C = 31. AIR CONDENSER V=30 m T= 1000C P=98.7 mmHg = 1. = 300C T=140C P = 101.E.38 mmHg = 4.6kPa Dew pt.56kPa Unknown = fraction H2O condensed .18kPa P @ 140C = 11.

Alc=5. dry air L VAPORIZER T=200C P=100kPa Pv eth.76 kPa T=200C P=100kPa V=6.E.0 kg eth. Alc Unknown = VE .

10 18.  18.11 .

Dried material E Gas or Gas vapor Wet material L Gas vapor .

Gas mixture L Absorbing medium(solvent/sol’n) F Gas mixture Leaving solution E P .

 An absorber receives a mixture of air containing 12 percent carbon disulfide. The absorbing solution is benzene and the gas exits from the absorber with a CS2 content of 3 percent and a benzene content of 3 percent (because some of the benzene evaporates). What fraction of CS2 was recovered? .

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