STAAD.

Pro 2007

BRITISH EXAMPLES MANUAL
DAA037800-1/0001

A Bentley Solutions Center
www.reiworld.com
www.bentley.com/staad

STAAD.Pro 2007 is a suite of proprietary computer programs of Research Engineers, a
Bentley Solutions Center . Although every effort has been made to ensure the
correctness of these programs, REI will not accept responsibility for any mistake, error
or misrepresentation in or as a result of the usage of these programs.

Copyright attribution: ©2008, Bentley Systems, Incorporated. All rights reserved.
Trademark attribution: STAAD.Pro, STAAD.foundation, Section Wizard,
STAAD.Offshore and QSE are either registered or unregistered trademarks or
service marks of Bentley Systems, Incorporated or one of its direct or indirect
wholly-owned subsidiaries. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their
respective owners.
RELEASE 2007, Build 02
Published February, 2008

About STAAD.Pro
STAAD.Pro is a general purpose structural analysis and design program with
applications primarily in the building industry - commercial buildings, bridges and
highway structures, industrial structures, chemical plant structures, dams, retaining
walls, turbine foundations, culverts and other embedded structures, etc. The program
hence consists of the following facilit ies to enable this task.
1.

2.
3.

4.

5.

6.

Graphical model generation utilities as well as text editor based commands for
creating the mathematical model. Beam and column members are represented
using lines. Walls, slabs and panel type entities are represented using triang ular
and quadrilateral finite elements. Solid blocks are represented using brick
elements. These utilities allow the user to create the geometry, assign properties,
orient cross sections as desired, assign materials like steel, concrete, timber,
aluminum, specify supports, apply loads explicitly as well as have the program
generate loads, design parameters etc.
Analysis engines for performing linear elastic and pdelta analysis, finite element
analysis, frequency extraction, response spectrum and time histor y analysis.
Design engines for code checking and optimization of steel, aluminum and timber
members. Reinforcement calculations for concrete beams, columns, slabs and
shear walls. Design of shear and moment connections for steel members.
Result viewing, result verification and report generation tools for examining
displacement diagrams, bending moment and shear force diagrams, beam, plate
and solid stress contours, etc.
Peripheral tools for activities like import and export of data from and to other
widely accepted formats, links with other popular softwares for niche areas like
reinforced and prestressed concrete slab design, footing design, steel connection
design, etc.
A library of exposed functions called OpenSTAAD which allows users to access
STAAD.Pro’s internal functions and routines as well as its graphical commands to
tap into STAAD’s database and link input and output data to third -party software
written using languages like C, C++, VB, VBA, FORTRAN, Java, Delphi, etc.
Thus, OpenSTAAD allows users t o link in-house or third-party applications with
STAAD.Pro.

About the STAAD.Pro Documentation
The documentation for STAAD.Pro consists of a set of manuals as described below.
These manuals are normally provided only in the electronic format, with p erhaps some
exceptions such as the Getting Started Manual which may be supplied as a printed
book to first time and new-version buyers.
All the manuals can be accessed from the Help facilities of STAAD.Pro. Users who
wish to obtain a printed copy of the books may contact Research Engineers. REI also
supplies the manuals in the PDF format at no cost for those who wish to print them on
their own. See the back cover of this book for addresses and phone numbers.
Getting Started and Tutorials: This manual contains information on the contents of
the STAAD.Pro package, computer system requirements, installation process, copy
protection issues and a description on how to run the programs in the package.
Tutorials that provide detailed and step-by-step explanation on using the programs are
also provided.
Examples Manual: This book offers examples of various problems that can be solved
using the STAAD engine. The examples represent various structural analyses and
design problems commonly encountered by structural engineers.
Graphical Environment: This document contains a detailed description of the
Graphical User Interface (GUI) of STAAD.Pro. The topics covered include model
generation, structural analysis and design, result verification, and report generation.
Technical Reference Manual: This manual deals with the theory behind the
engineering calculations made by the STAAD engine. It also includes an explanation
of the commands available in the STAAD command file.
International Design Codes: This document contains information on the various
Concrete, Steel, and Aluminum design codes, of several countries, that are
implemented in STAAD.
The documentation for the STAAD.Pro Extension component(s) is available
separately.

i

Introduction
The tutorials in the Getting Started Manual mention 2 methods of
creating the STAAD input data.
a.

Using the facilities of the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
modelling mode
b. Using the editor which comes built into the STAAD program
Method (a) is explained in great detail in the various tutorials of
that manual.
The emphasis in this Examples manual is on creating the data
using method (b). A number of examples, representing a wide
variety of structural engineering problems, are presented. All the
input needed is explained line by line to facilitate the
understanding of the STAAD command language. These examples
also illustrate how the various commands in the program are to be
used together.
Although a user can prepare the input through the STAAD GUI, it
is quite useful to understand the language of the input for the
following reasons:
1) STAAD is a large and comprehensive structural engineering
software. Knowledge of the STAAD language can be very
useful in utilizing the large number of facilities available in
the program.
The Graphical User Interface can be used to generate the input
file for even the most complex of structures. However, the user
can easily make changes to the input data if he/she has a good
understanding of the command language and syntax of the
input.

ii

2) The input file represents the user's thought about what he/she
wants to analyze or design. With the knowledge of the STAAD
command language, the user or any other person can verify the
accuracy of the work.
The commands used in the input file are explained in Section 5 of
the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. Users are urged to refer
to that manual for a better understanding of the language.
The procedure for creating the file using the built-in editor is
explained further below in this section. Alternatively, any standard
text editor such as Notepad or WordPad may also be used to create
the command file. However, the STAAD.Pro command file editor
offers the advantage of syntax checking as we type the commands.
The STAAD.Pro keywords, numeric data, comments, etc. are
displayed in distinct colors in the STAAD.Pro editor. A typical editor
screen is shown below to illustrate its general appearance.

iii

To access the built-in editor, first start the program and follow the
steps explained in Sections 1.3 and 1.4 of the Getting Started manual.

You will then encounter the dialog box shown in the following
figure. In this dialog box, choose Open STAAD Editor.

namely. the data for all the examples presented in this manual are supplied to you along with the program CD. and so on. the editor screen will open as shown below.std for example 1.std for example 8. The example files are named in accordance with the order they appear in this manual. The commands may be typed in upper or lower case letters. You will find them in the folder location X:\spro2007\staad\examp\uk where “X:” is the drive. examp08. . examp01. and “spro2007” is the name of the installation folder if you happened to go with the default during installation. For your convenience.iv At this point. Delete all the command lines displayed in the editor window and type the lines shown in bold in the various examples in this book (You don’t have to delete the lines if you know which to keep and where to fill in the rest of the commands).

. click on the STAAD editor icon. and choose Edit Input Command File. go to the Edit menu. as shown below. They too are installed along with the examples. Then. open the file you are interested in.v The second part of this book contains a set of verification problems which compares the analytical results from the program with standard publications on the subject. To view their contents in the editor. or.

vi A new window will open up with the data listed as shown here: To exit the Editor. . select the File | Exit menu option of the editor window (not the File | Exit menu of the main window behind the editor window).

13 113 Example Problem No. 7 59 Example Problem No. 3 27 Example Problem No. 6 53 Example Problem No. 9 75 Example Problem No. 16 147 Example Problem No. 19 173 Example Problem No. 10 85 Example Problem No. 5 47 Example Problem No. 12 105 Example Problem No. 1 1 Example Problem No.Table of Contents Part – I Example Problems Example Problem No. 4 35 Example Problem No. 14 121 Example Problem No. 18 165 Example Problem No. 17 155 Example Problem No. 2 19 Example Problem No. 15 133 Example Problem No. 20 183 Example Problem No. 11 93 Example Problem No. 21 189 . 8 65 Example Problem No.

6 15 Verification Problem No. 22 199 Example Problem No. 12 31 .Example Problem No. 23 209 Example Problem No. 25 235 Example Problem No. 9 21 Verification Problem No. 3 5 Verification Problem No. 4 9 Verification Problem No. 29 281 Part – II Verification Problems Verification Problem No. 8 19 Verification Problem No. 5 11 Verification Problem No. 11 27 Verification Problem No. 7 17 Verification Problem No. 24 221 Example Problem No. 28 263 Example Problem No. 27 251 Example Problem No. 2 3 Verification Problem No. 10 23 Verification Problem No. 1 1 Verification Problem No. 26 243 Example Problem No.

PART – I APPLICATION EXAMPLES .

.

6) Example problem No. This is done to prevent these members from carrying any compressive forces.Description of Example Problems 1) Example problem No. . different bracing members are made inactive for different load cases. The soil is to be considered as an elastic foundation.e. load/area of floor). 2) Example problem No. In this example. 5 .This example is a typical case of a load-dependent structure where the structural condition changes for different load cases. After one analysis.A floor structure (bound by global X-Z axis) made up of steel beams is subjected to area load (i.A portal frame type steel structure is sitting on a concrete footing. another analysis is done followed by final code checking to verify that the final sizes meet the requirements of the code based on the latest analysis results. 6 .This example demonstrates the application of support displacement load (commonly known as sinking support) on a space frame structure. member selection is requested. 2 . 5) Example problem No.This is an example of prestress loading in a plane frame structure. It covers two situations: 1) The prestressing effect is transmitted from the member on which it is applied to the rest of the structure through the connecting members (known in the program as PRESTRESS load). 4) Example problem No. Since member sizes change during the member selection. 1 . 3) Example problem No.Plane frame with steel design. Load generation based on one-way distribution is illustrated in this example. 3 . 4 . 2) The prestressing effect is experienced by the member(s) alone and not transmitted to the rest of the structure (known in the program as POSTSTRESS load).

Reinforcement calculations have been done for some elements. .Calculation of displacements at intermediate points of members of a plane frame is demonstrated in this example. Results of a static and dynamic analysis are combined. 11) Example problem No. 12 . 12) Example problem No. The combined results are then used for steel design. enormous number of load cases may be created resulting in plenty of output to be sorted. 8 . During this process.7) Example problem No. 13) Example problem No. 9 . 10) Example problem No. 11 . The mobile loads are discretized into several individual immobile load cases at discrete positions. 7 . 10 .In this example. The finite element part is used to model floor flat plates and a shear wall. 9) Example problem No.A space frame structure in this example consists of frame members and finite elements. Secondary moments on the columns are obtained through the means of a P-Delta analysis. concrete design is performed on some members of a space frame structure. Design calculations consist of computation of reinforcement for beams and columns. Offset connections arise when the center lines of the connected members do not intersect at the connection point. as in the case of trucks on a bridge deck. Water pressure from inside is used as loading for the tank. The connection eccentricity is modeled through specification of MEMBER OFFSETS.This example illustrates modelling of structures with OFFSET connections. 13 .Dynamic analysis (Response Spectrum) is performed for a steel structure. Design of an element is performed.This example demonstrates generation of load cases for the type of loading known as a moving load.A tank structure is modeled with four-noded plate elements. To avoid looking into a lot of output. 8) Example problem No. This type of loading occurs classically when the load-causing units move on the structure. the maximum force envelope is requested for a few specific members.

Dynamic Analysis (Time History) is performed for a 3 span beam with concentrated and distributed masses. 14 . 17 . member end forces and support reactions are determined. 16 . 16) Example problem No. The seismic loads are generated using the procedures of the 1994 UBC Code. The structure is subjected to "forcing function" and "ground motion" loading.This is an example which demonstrates the calculation of principal stresses on a finite element. 18 .The usage of User Provided Steel Tables is illustrated in this example for the analysis and design of a plane frame. A P-Delta analysis is performed to obtain the secondary effects of the lateral and vertical loads acting simultaneously. The word INCLINED refers to the fact that the restraints at a joint where such a support is specified are along a user-specified axis system instead of along the default directions of the global axis system.This example demonstrates the usage of inclined supports. 21 . 15) Example problem No. 20) Example problem No. 20 . 19) Example problem No.This example generates the geometry of a cylindrical tank structure using the cylindrical coordinate system. 19 . The maxima of the joint displacements. and we examine those in this example. STAAD offers a few different methods for assigning inclined supports.This example illustrates the modeling of tension-only members using the MEMBER TENSION command. 21) Example problem No.A space frame is analyzed for seismic loads.A space frame is analyzed for loads generated using the built-in wind and floor load generation facilities.14) Example problem No. 18) Example problem No. 17) Example problem No. 15 . .

the PERFORM ANALYSIS command is specified once for each primary load case.This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to automatically generate spring supports for a slab on grade. Since the structural condition is load dependent. 27 . 28) Example problem No.A space frame structure is subjected to a sinusoidal loading. 23) Example problem No.The structure in this example is a building consisting of member columns as well as floors made up of beam members and plate elements.22) Example problem No. 24) Example problem No. 28 . The slab is subjected to pressure and overturning loading. 25) Example problem No. The elaborate dynamic analysis procedure called time history analysis is used. Time History analysis is performed on this model. This example also illustrates the method for applying an “enforced” displacement on the structure.This example demonstrates the usage of compression-only members. the floors are specified to be rigid diaphragms for inplane actions but flexible for bending actions. pier-cap girders and a deck slab. Using the masterslave command. 26) Example problem No. The commands necessary to describe the sine function are demonstrated in this example. 27) Example problem No. .This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to apply the compression only attribute to automatically generated spring supports for a slab on grade. 26 .This is an example of the analysis of a structure modelled using “SOLID” finite elements. The slab is subjected to various types of loading and analysis of the structure is performed. The structure consists of piers. A tension/compression only analysis of the structure is performed. 23 . 22 . 25 .This example demonstrates the input required for obtaining the modes and frequencies of the skewed bridge. 29 . 24 . 29) Example problem No.Analysis and design of a structure for seismic loads is demonstrated in this example.

NOTES .

NOTES .

After one analysis. 1 Plane frame with steel design.Example Problem 1 Example Problem No. another analysis is done followed by final code checking to verify that the final sizes meet the requirements of the code based on the latest analysis results. member selection is requested. 1 . Since member sizes change during the member selection.

7 5 6 . MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 3 4 TA ST UC356X368X129 .2 Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above.) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. 8 TO 13 TA ST UB457X152X52 14 TO 23 TA ST UA100X100X8 Member properties are from the British steel table. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3.3 .5 10. 19 10 13 .5 11.Application Examples 2 Example Problem 1 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. .75 10.Part I . The word ST stands for standard single section. 20 7 9 21 9 11 . 16 11 14 . 8 7 12 . 9 12 14 10 14 16 . 2 TA ST UC254X254X73 5 6 7 TA ST UB533X210X82 . 6 9 6 . The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. 9 2.5 . 15 9 14 . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 15 6 12. 23 8 10 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.5 8 9 10. 13 8 13 14 9 12 . 2 9 0 . 10 6. 3 0 6 .5 .5 13. the Z coordinates need not be provided.3 2 6. 22 10 11 . 17 11 15 18 10 15 . 7 0 10.2 3 7. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE PROBLEM NO.5 11. 16 4. 12 13 15 .25 10. 4 3 6 5 6 6 . Semicolon signs (.5 3 4 6 4 5 . UNIT METER KN Specifies the unit to be used. 12 1. 11 15 16 . Since this is a plane structure.4 14 3 12. 1 Every input has to start with the word STAAD.5 .3 . 13 7.5 11 4.4 6 8.4 .

MEMB RELEASE 5 START MZ Member 5 has local moment-z (MZ) released at the start joint. strong axis moment) at node 3.Example Problem 1 MEMB TRUSS 14 TO 23 The above command defines that members 14 through 23 are of type truss. ALL DEN 76. etc. 3 . The BETA command specifies that members 3 and 4 are rotated by 90 degrees around their own longitudinal axis. This means that the member cannot carry any moment-z (i.e. POISSON. Length unit is changed from METER to MM to facilitate the input.0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT METER The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). UNIT KN MMS CONSTANTS E 210. 2 PINNED A fixed support is located at joint 1 and a pinned support at joint 2. See section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual for the definition of the BETA angle. This means that these members can carry only axial tension/compression and no moments.977E-09 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. SUPPORT 1 FIXED .

Application Examples 4 Example Problem 1 PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION LIST 1 5 14 PRINT MEMBER PROPERTY LIST 1 2 5 8 14 The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory. LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. and 8 to 13. Loads are applied on members 6. JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -65. FY indicates that the load is a force in the global Y direction. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. Load 1 contains joint loads also. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction while Y indicates local Y direction.5 . 8 TO 10 UNI Y -15. 6 UNI GY -17. SELFWEIGHT Y -1. LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT MEMBER LOAD 1 2 UNI GX 9.0 .0 indicates that this load will act downwards. Since global Y is vertically upward.0 One of the components of load case 1 is the selfweight of the structure acting in the global Y direction with a factor of -1. is an instruction to perform a natural frequency calculation based on the Rayleigh method using the data in the above load case.Part I . 11 FY -155. . The LIST option restricts the print output to the members listed. the factor of -1.5 Load 1 contains member loads also.0. CALCULATE RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY The above command at the end of load case 1.0 . MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -13.

PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. This also means that load case 2 will be made inactive.Example Problem 1 Load case 2 is initiated and contains several member loads. etc.9 ALL The PARAMETER command is used to specify steel design parameters such as NSF.75 2 0. Information on these parameters can be obtained from the manual where the implementation of the code is explained. The RATIO 5 . PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory. The second line provides the load cases and their respective factors used for the load combination. Any line beginning with the * mark is treated as a comment line.85 ALL BEAM 1 ALL KY 1.75 The above command identifies a combination load (case no. 3) with a title. Also note that all the forces and reactions will be printed for load cases 1 and 3 only. The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length. * 1/3 RD INCREASE IS ACCOMPLISHED BY 75% LOAD LOAD COMB 3 75 PERCENT DL LL WL 1 0. KY.2 MEMB 3 4 RATIO 0. PARAMETER CODE BRITISH NSF 0. LOAD LIST 1 3 The above command activates load cases 1 and 3 only for the commands to follow.

9. SELECT ALL The above command instructs the program to select the most economic section for ALL the members based on the results of the analysis. The TRACK parameter tells the program to print out the design results to the intermediate level of descriptivity. which in this case is the default and hence the AREA.0 ALL A new set of values are now provided for the above parameters.0 ALL RATIO 1. GROUPing is a procedure by which the cross section which has the largest value for the specified attribute. the member sizes are no longer the same as the ones used in the original analysis. The actual load to member capacity RATIO has been redefined as 1. it is necessary to reanalyze the structure using the new properties to get new values of forces in the members. GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 TO 13 14 TO 23 Although the program selects the most economical section for all members.Application Examples 6 Example Problem 1 parameter specifies that the ratio of actual loading over section capacity should not exceed 0.0. Hence. the cross sections for members 1. PERFORM ANALYSIS As a result of the selection and grouping. it is not always practical to use many different sizes in one structure.Part I . from among the associated member list. is assigned to all members in the list. PARAMETER BEAM 1. 3 and 4 are replaced with the one with the largest area from among the three. . Hence.0 ALL TRACK 1.

7 . FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. the latest member sizes with the latest analysis results are checked to verify that they satisfy the CODE specifications. STEEL TAKE OFF This command instructs the program to list the length and weight of all the different member sizes.Example Problem 1 CHECK CODE ALL With the above command.

4 . 33. 27.3 . 8. 24.5 . PRINT MEMBER PROPERTY LIST 1 2 5 8 14 . 31.000 3. 13 7.4 14 3 12. 1 UNIT METER KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 20 7 9 21 9 11 . 23.5 11. 3 2 6 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 17 11 15 18 10 15 .5 13. 23 8 10 MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 3 4 TA ST UC356X368X129 .977E-09 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. 19 10 13 . 12 1. 9 12 14 10 14 16 . 4.3 . 3. 18.00 RELEASES 000001000000 TRUSS ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 34. 30.75 10. 12 13 15 . 2 PINNED PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION LIST 1 5 14 MEMBER INFORMATION -----------------MEMBER 1 5 14 START JOINT END JOINT LENGTH (METE) BETA (DEG) 1 3 9 3 4 12 6. 2 TA ST UC254X254X73 5 6 7 TA ST UB533X210X82 . STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE PROBLEM NO. ALL DEN 76.000 1. 19. 12. 4 3 6 5 6 6 .Part I . 10 6. 16 4. 25. 6 9 6 . 13 8 13 14 9 12 . 7. 22 10 11 . 11. 9 2. 15. 2 9 0 . 6. 10. 2 3 7 .172 0.0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT METER SUPPORT 1 FIXED .Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 29.5 10. 32. 28. 26.2 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3 . 8 7 12 .5 .5 8 9 10. 11 15 16 .25 10. 4 6 8 . 7 5 6 . 17. 5 3 4 6 4 5 . 14. 8 TO 13 TA ST UB457X152X52 14 TO 23 TA ST UA100X100X8 MEMB TRUSS 14 TO 23 MEMB RELEASE 5 START MZ UNIT KN MMS CONSTANTS E 210. 16 11 14 . 5.5 11. Intl. 7 0 10. 20.00 0. 3 0 6 . 13. 21. 9. 2. 15 9 14 .Application Examples 8 Example Problem 1 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.5 . 16. 22. 15 6 12.5 11 4.

42.20 235.00 49.75 2 0.00 950.07 47540.0 .10 21.54 5.11 11410.33 33.36 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 35. 43. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 43 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.72 66.00 898.74 645.00 36.55 IX/ SY 152.99 51.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 23/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.Example Problem 1 MEMBER PROPERTIES. 48.00 2263.54544 CM GLO X.86 15.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -65. 11 FY -155.5 CALCULATE RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT MEMBER LOAD 1 2 UNI GX 9.73 57.48726 CPS * * MAX DEFLECTION = 2.52 192.07 2007.18 15. 44.CM ----------------MEMB PROFILE 1 ST UC356X368X129 2 ST UC254X254X73 5 ST UB533X210X82 8 ST UB457X152X52 14 ST UA100X100X8 AX/ AY IZ/ AZ 164.62 306. 46.00 1799. 25 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN. . 36.33 40250.61 792.NO. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -13. AT JOINT 7 * * * ********************************************************** 49. 41. UNIT .60 5. 47.NO. 45.65 3.98 93. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION. 6 UNI GY -17. LOAD LIST 1 3 50.NO. 8 TO 10 UNI Y -15. 38. 28 ********************************************************** * * * RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY FOR LOADING 1 = 3.37 84.85 105.00 29. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN.78 3908. LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 37.33 IY/ SZ 14610.24 21. 22 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED. 39. 40.0 * 1/3 RD INCREASE IS ACCOMPLISHED BY 75% LOAD LOAD COMB 3 75 PERCENT DL LL WL 1 0.00 65.60 34.5 . PRINT MEMBER FORCES 9 .61 21370.00 116.00 50.90 60.

00 0.00 71.00 0.42 -81.67 54.67 4 5 4 5 -14.00 0.64 160.92 60.68 57.23 112.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 43.43 46.00 0.73 76.00 0.58 -234.72 -20.00 0.00 -75.69 15.54 -238.00 0.13 -184.00 0.00 0.00 0.64 -46.27 -88.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30.00 0.00 0.00 0.63 -57.15 -122.47 22.32 88.00 94.00 0.92 0.Part I .69 -54.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.78 -15.18 12 14 12 14 168.00 0.00 0.23 81.00 0.28 123.13 -43.00 6 8 6 8 142.02 -172.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.40 0.36 -250.00 0.06 -75.00 0.10 -187.00 -26.63 -59.00 75.00 0.97 2.80 0.57 -132.00 0.04 -99.23 45.47 -60.63 0.23 45.37 -11.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30.86 0.00 0.38 97.00 0.96 -99.04 -5.18 59.00 0.00 0.00 3 4 3 4 -14.00 0.79 244.00 0.00 0.23 14.72 40.00 0.97 168.69 14.57 -61.13 -187.00 0.69 14.00 0.23 45.00 0.47 -0.67 -173.07 -167.99 -7.00 -22.51 57.54 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.74 -232.61 -160.00 0.00 0.69 -45.97 0.00 0.74 -182.00 0.00 0.80 202.68 70.00 0.78 85.00 0.66 118.17 179.00 0.91 13 15 13 15 182.00 0.00 -241.42 8 13 8 13 185.00 0.23 -105.96 -95.00 0.12 -153.00 0.00 0.00 0.43 0.00 0.85 -126.20 0.00 0.38 -11.00 0.15 -81.00 0.14 141.00 0.00 0.51 88.75 26.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.77 -88.00 0.17 11.00 0.78 7.69 0.07 -57.KN MEMBER 1 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 3 1 3 239.17 30.00 0.Application Examples 10 Example Problem 1 MEMBER END FORCES ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.62 0.69 -45.00 0.37 3 7 3 7 150.00 0.17 75.00 0.98 -70.00 132.00 0.00 0.43 -22.61 -70.00 0.28 7 12 7 12 167.00 0.70 34.21 48.00 0.13 140.00 -27.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.39 40.99 38.54 0.73 133.32 0.00 -76.36 -147.43 -167.00 -72.99 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.91 15 16 15 16 188.39 45.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.80 0.56 -45.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 46.13 33.78 7.19 112.00 0.00 0.00 0.96 -31.09 -15.00 0.00 0.00 0.97 -167.00 0.00 0.00 241.00 0.00 -202.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 133.00 0.00 -33.00 0.00 0.81 -79.00 0.69 14.69 -45.00 0.66 99.15 14 16 14 16 188.67 154.00 0.07 27.47 22.00 0.00 0.54 107.06 334.66 -137.13 0.97 5.00 0.56 -118.82 -137.00 0.57 -117.58 5 6 5 6 -14.51 173.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.68 1 1 3 4 1 3 5 1 3 6 1 3 7 1 3 8 1 3 9 1 3 10 1 3 11 1 3 12 1 3 13 (LOCAL ) 1 3 3 METE LOAD 3 2 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE 1 3 .73 31.81 36.00 0.00 0.51 -5.13 128.73 2 6 2 6 258.00 0.69 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.69 0.70 -24.54 0.00 0.

00 0.00 0.67 94.00 0.82 -43.00 0.00 0.00 7 9 7 9 -85.14 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 11 .03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.05 0.88 0.00 0.10 0.87 -29.00 0.14 0.32 -12.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 -107.00 0.00 0.00 11 15 11 15 -94.54 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.00 0.24 29.00 0.10 0.72 107.00 0.03 0.79 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.21 111.00 0.00 0.27 32.00 0.97 -66.00 0.03 0.44 0.00 0.00 0.97 90.00 0.00 0.69 239.00 0.00 0.00 9 14 9 14 4.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 44.00 0.00 0.00 0.74 179.05 0.05 0.07 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 -5.60 -26.10 0.60 107.00 0.00 0.22 -95.00 0.KN MEMBER 14 AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 9 12 9 12 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 258.05 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.07 0.14 0.00 0.21 5.85 25.14 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.22 85.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 0.00 0.12 25.28 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.78 -85.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.51 0.78 -15.00 0.00 0.44 95.00 0.00 0.54 -25.00 11 14 11 14 -107.00 0.00 0.65 66.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.43 0.00 0.21 -32.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 334.00 0.00 0.00 8 10 8 10 -111.00 0.00 1 1 3 17 1 3 18 1 3 19 1 3 20 1 3 21 1 3 22 1 3 23 (LOCAL ) JT 3 16 METE LOAD 3 15 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE 1 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 51.65 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 1 MEMBER END FORCES ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -25.00 0.13 6.10 0.14 0.76 -4.00 9 11 9 11 -90.10 0.25 99.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.35 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.00 -72.00 0.07 0.05 0.00 0.85 0.00 0.81 26.59 10. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT 1 2 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 3 1 3 7.00 0.00 10 11 10 11 -99.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 0.00 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.36 244.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 0.00 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.05 0.56 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 10 13 10 13 12.00 0.10 0.00 0.00 10 15 10 15 -10.

00 BS-4.63 0.6 0.60 C 19 ST UA40X40X3 PASS 12.00 0. 58.97 C 9 ST UB356X127X33 PASS 168.1 140.Pro MEMBER SELECTION .632 75.3.754 0.75 3 3.6 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.25 T 23 ST UA65X50X5 PASS 111.00 0.770 334.829 234.799 0.6 0.69 T 6 ST UB406X178X67 PASS 14.583 99.00 0.774 0.34 3 0.887 0.816 0.00 0.00 BS-4.7 (C) 0.21 T BS-4.85 ALL BEAM 1 ALL KY 1.75 1 3 0.1 94.888 0.36 C 3 ST UC305X305X97 PASS 244.00 1 0.28 0.875 247.Application Examples 12 Example Problem 1 52.00 BS-4.23 T 8 ST UB356X127X33 PASS 167.855 241.00 BS-4.7 (C) 0.6 0.54 C 4 ST UC305X305X97 PASS 141.00 1 0.3.1 0.00 BS-4.3.32 C 20 ST UA40X40X6 PASS 95.75 1 1.13 C 11 ST UB406X140X39 PASS 188.13 ANNEX I.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE . PARAMETER CODE BRITISH NSF 0.00 ANNEX I.6 (T) 0.00 BS-4.51 0.9 ALL SELECT ALL 4 STAAD.888 0.6 (T) 0.10 C 12 ST UB356X127X33 PASS 182.00 0.784 133.82 T 17 ST UA45X45X6 PASS 107.3. 55.97 T 22 ST UA50X50X5 PASS 99.781 0.00 3 0.00 ANNEX I.00 0.00 .3.00 1 0.00 1 1 1 1.637 0.1 0.625 75.6 0. 57.80 0.00 BS-4.34 3 2.63 0.00 ANNEX I.00 ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 59.97 0.15 BS-4.87 C 15 ST UA40X40X3 PASS 4.00 BS-4.00 1 0.04 0.00 0. 54.00 1 0.1 0.00 ANNEX I.583 99.88 T 18 ST UA60X60X5 PASS 26.00 0.6 (T) 0.07 0.00 ANNEX I.3.882 0.00 1 0.6 (T) 0.44 0.74 C 13 ST UB406X140X39 PASS 118.857 0.6 (T) 0.00 BS-4.66 C 5 ST UB406X178X67 PASS 14.6 0. 56.00 BS-4.44 T 21 ST UA45X45X5 PASS 90.00 1 3 3 1 3.00 BS-4.7 (C) 0.1 0.56 C 14 ST UA50X50X4 PASS 29.76 C 16 ST UA45X45X6 PASS 107.KN METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST UC305X305X118 PASS 179.00 1 2. 53.6 0.00 BS-4. GROUP MEMB 1 3 4 3 0.96 0.865 0.00 0.3.67 C 2 ST UC203X203X46 PASS 150.00 BS-4.69 T 7 ST UB406X178X67 PASS 45.721 75.00 BS-4.43 C 10 ST UB406X140X39 PASS 188.2 MEMB 3 RATIO 0.07 0.6 (T) 0.7 (C) 0.00 3 0.(BSI ) ************************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2.642 76.00 BS-4.00 0.

kN.00 FX/PZ = 0.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 518. 22 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED..m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 518.4 MRY= 234.6 0.1| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.809 3 178.9 MCY= 234..680 1 147.04 MRZ= 516.06 MRZ= 514.00.kN. ** ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN. my = 1.00.64 C 0. 68. mx = 1.97 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 2 UNIT .1| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.09 MRZ= 133.5 PT= 0. myx = 1.00.00..(BSI ) *********************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2.25 FX/PZ = 0.9 MRY= 62.496 3 240.0 ALL CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.. 25 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN. my = 1. PARAMETER BEAM 1.00. GROUP MEMB 8 TO 13 7 (ST UB406X178X67 ) LIST= 5.00. ** ALL CASES BEING MADE ACTIVE BEFORE RE-ANALYSIS. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 63.21 C 0.7 PV= 241. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION. myx = 1.0 MB= 105. 67.KN METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST UC305X305X118 PASS BS-4. 28 ********************************************************** * * * RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY FOR LOADING 1 = 2.1 0. my = 1.18 C 91.9 MCY= 234.3 PC= 2455. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN.00 70.66 0.3 PC= 2042.. myx = 1.00 FX/PZ = 0.00 351.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 3 UNIT .00 | | PZ= 1614..00.00 | | PZ= 3975.3 MRY= 234.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 1 UNIT .Example Problem 1 GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 60.0 MB= 434.7 MCY= 62. mx = 1.7 PV= 600.3 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 13 .0 ALL TRACK 1. 66.0 MB= 434.7 PC= 869.Pro CODE CHECKING ...NO. GROUP MEMB 14 TO 23 13 (ST UB406X140X39 ) LIST= 8. AT JOINT 7 * * * ********************************************************** 64.1 0.7 PT= 0.93129 CM GLO X. mx = 1.00 | | PZ= 3975. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 62.7 PV= 600.9 PT= 0.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .0 ALL RATIO 1.85 0.3...3 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 2 ST UC203X203X46 PASS ANNEX I.m SECTION CLASS 2 | |MCZ= 136. 7 GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 61.kN.. PERFORM ANALYSIS 18 (ST UA60X60X5 ) LIST= 14.NO.NO.7 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 3 ST UC305X305X118 PASS ANNEX I. 65.00..4| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.52812 CPS * * MAX DEFLECTION = 4.00. GROUP MEMB 5 6 1 (ST UC305X305X118 ) LIST= 1.

14 MRZ= 194.00.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 7 UNIT .3 PT= 0.00 | | PZ=349861.12 MRZ= 195.00 FX/PZ = 0.21 T 0.0 PC=235263.00 229.4 MRY= 234.1 MRY= 63.415 1 163.4| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.9 PV= 420.71 C 0.75 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 10 UNIT . myx = 1.00.41 C 0.9 PC= 1092.36 T 0.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 9 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4.3.4| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.3 PT= 0.Application Examples 14 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .3.6 0.3 PV= 600.10 3.00.0 PT= 0.9 PV= 420.3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.kN.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 370. myx = 1.32 1. mx = 1. my = 1.00 | | PZ= 1366.2 MCY= 63. myx = 1.0 PT= 1998.00 | | PZ= 1366.03 MRZ= 370.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.565 1 186.00. myx = 1.04 FX/PZ = 0.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.9 PC= 1092.6 0.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 4 UNIT .00 | | PZ= 1366.812 3 44.75 FX/PZ = 0.75 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 11 UNIT .3.00.7 PV= 594.1 MCY= 23.2 MRY= 23.1 0.4 PT= 1998.9 PC= 1092.75 FX/PZ = 0.75 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 6 UNIT .839 1 14.2 MCY= 63.6 MB= 282.6 MB= 282.0 PC= 11890.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 5 UNIT .12 MRZ= 195.00.3 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 5 ST UB406X178X67 PASS BS-4.0 MB= 170.kN.00.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 518.kN.00.75 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 9 UNIT .m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 370.kN.03 MRZ= 370.64 1.0 MB= 170.6 0. mx = 1.1 MRY= 63.kN. myx = 1.97 0.7 PV= 594.00. my = 1.00.03 MRZ= 369.00 241. my = 1.1 MCY= 23.00. my = 1.9 PV= 420.3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.0 MB= 170.75 FX/PZ = 0.1| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.9 PV= 420.6 0.1 MCY= 23.00 237. mx = 1.452 1 164.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 8 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 10 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4. my = 1.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 8 UNIT .565 1 186.00 | | PZ= 17681.00.6 PT= 1998.6 0.1 MCY= 23.00 77.3 PC= 2673.75 FX/PZ = 0.68 FX/PZ = 0.kN.2 MRY= 23.00.00.58 C 0.855 1 14.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 6 ST UB406X178X67 PASS BS-4.3.00 | | PZ= 78652.00 96.Part I . my = 1.3.77 0. mx = 1.38 3.64 1.00 | | PZ= 3975.00.00.03 MRZ= 517.kN.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.9 PC= 1092.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 7 ST UB406X178X67 PASS BS-4.21 T 0.00.00 96. my = 1.kN.4| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.3.3.6 MB= 282. my = 1.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| .84 C 137.KN METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 4 ST UC305X305X118 PASS ANNEX I.00 70.72 0. mx = 1.6 0.00.9 MCY= 234.00 | | PZ= 1366.14 MRZ= 194. myx = 1.00.0 MB= 483.00.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.2 MCY= 63.00.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 11 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 370. myx = 1.3 PT= 0. myx = 1.73 C 0.634 3 138.6 0.0 MB= 170.00. mx = 1.00.3 MRY= 23.3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1. mx = 1.3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.72 FX/PZ = 0.2 MRY= 23. mx = 1.3 PT= 0.9 MRY= 63.0 PC= 52889.00.7 PV= 594.

00 0. my = 1.1 MB= 1.00 0.95 FX/PZ = 0.3 PT= 138.00 130. mx = 1.83 1.0 MCY= 0. myx = 1.0 PC= 34.00. myx = 1.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 13 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4.6 0.00 | | PZ= 722.3. myx = 1.204 3 28.83 FX/PZ = 0.00.00 0.00.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.00.52 FX/PZ = 0.6 0.00 0.66 T 0. myx = 1.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 17 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.32 C 0.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00.09 MRZ= 197.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.00.00.00 77.13 MRZ= 194.00 0.00 2. my = 1.00 | | PZ= 162.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.17 MRZ= 0.7 (C) 0.8 PV= 29.17 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 19 UNIT .00 2.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.KN METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 12 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4.9 PV= 420.1 MB= 1.0 MRY= 0.00.52 FX/PZ = 0.00 0.kN. my = 1.00.0 MB= 170.0 PC= 74.Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .00.65 0.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00.25 T 0.6 (T) 0.1 MB= 1.00 | | PZ= 162.28 C 0.kN.00.0 MCY= 0.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.254 3 18.1 MCY= 23.1 MB= 1.44 C 0.00 | | PZ= 162.00.00 | | PZ= 3215. mx = 1. mx = 1.0 MRY= 0.1 MB= 1.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.00.00 0.kN.7 (C) 0.00.3 PT= 0. mx = 1.0 MRY= 0. my = 1.6 (T) 0.34 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 17 UNIT .kN.3.00 | | PZ= 1366.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 14 UNIT .213 1 7.9 PV= 420.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 15 UNIT .00.7 PV= 29.3 PT= 0.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 19 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.0 PC= 74.00 0. myx = 1.8 PT= 138. my = 1.00.4 PT= 138.4 PV= 29.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 18 UNIT . my = 1.1 MRY= 23. myx = 1.0 MCY= 0.05 MRZ= 0. mx = 1.00 | | PZ= 1366.kN.677 3 23.05 MRZ= 0.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.0 MRY= 0.52 FX/PZ = 0.00.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.4 PT= 138.12 MRZ= 0.4 PV= 29.0 MRY= 0.9 PT= 138.00.75 FX/PZ = 0.8 PT= 138. my = 1.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.kN.0 MCY= 0. my = 1.kN.0 MB= 170.34 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 16 UNIT .m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.10 C 0.0 PC= 34.0 PC= 152.755 3 104.00.9 PC= 1092. mx = 1.4 PV= 29.0 MCY= 0.6 (T) 0.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.772 1 106.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 16 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.00 1.0 PC= 680.00.9 PC= 1092.52 FX/PZ = 0.75 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 12 UNIT .0 MCY= 0.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 14 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.1 MCY= 23.05 MRZ= 0. myx = 1. mx = 1.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00 0.764 3 120.kN.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 15 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.12 T 0.14 MRZ= 0.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 15 .7 MRY= 23.3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.75 FX/PZ = 0.455 1 175.7 PV= 29. myx = 1.1 MB= 1.96 C 0.7 (C) 0.00.00.00 | | PZ= 162.00. mx = 1.0 MRY= 0.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 18 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 13 UNIT .

00 | | PZ= 162.015 0.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 21 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4. mx = 1. myx = 1.3 PV= 29. myx = 1. myx = 1.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 21 UNIT .kN.00.033 5.0 PC= 332.00.50 4.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.00 | | PZ= 3215. STEEL TAKE OFF STEEL TAKE-OFF -------------PROFILE ST ST ST ST ST UC305X305X118 UC203X203X46 UB406X178X67 UB406X140X39 UA60X60X5 LENGTH(METE) WEIGHT(KN ) 16.6 (T) 0.KN METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 20 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.5 PV= 29.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 23 UNIT .m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.6 (T) 0.00 0.0 PC= 26.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 22 UNIT .0 MRY= 0.83 FX/PZ = 0.0 MCY= 0.95 FX/PZ = 0.5 PT= 138.0 PC= 6581.17 MRZ= 0.00.00 0.731 1 100.00 0.5 PV= 29.00 | | PZ= 14304.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00 0.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00.50 19.Application Examples 16 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .10 T 0.0 PC= 1479.17 MRZ= 0. my = 1.00.62 MRZ= 0. mx = 1.00.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 23 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.93 19.052 2.923 4.1 MB= 1.8 PT= 138.00 0. my = 1.17 T 0.00 10.6 PT= 138. myx = 1.00.00.00.587 3 81.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 69.00 | | PZ= 722.697 1 96.931 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ .0 MCY= 0.6 (T) 0.Part I .0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 22 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.0 MRY= 0.1 MB= 1.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.0 MRY= 0.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 20 UNIT .00.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.kN. mx = 1.1 MB= 1.907 ---------------TOTAL = 31.645 1 89.50 9.00.00 0.6 PT= 138.33 T 0.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.0 MCY= 0.0 MRY= 0.93 T 0.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1. my = 1.6 (T) 0.00 0.4 PV= 29.00 0.52 FX/PZ = 0. mx = 1. my = 1.00.0 MCY= 0.17 MRZ= 0.72 FX/PZ = 0.kN.kN.1 MB= 1.

Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.co. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * ************************************************************ 17 .Example Problem 1 70.com * * Europe support@bentley.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.co.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.co.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * * * North America support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * Asia support@bentley.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro.

Part I .Application Examples 18 Example Problem 1 NOTES .

Load generation based on one-way distribution is illustrated in this example. Consequently. the loads generated from the AREA LOAD command can be viewed only after the analysis is completed. 19 . In the case of loads such as joint loads and member loads. the area load is a different sort of load where a load intensity on the given area has to be converted to joint and member loads. 2 A floor structure (bound by global X-Z axis) made up of steel beams is subjected to area load (i. load/area of floor).Example Problem 2 Example Problem No. The calculations required to perform this conversion are done only during the analysis.e. the magnitude and direction of the load at the applicable joints and members is directly known from the input. However.

5 16 5 0 7. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 11 5 0 3 12 6 0 3 . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 5 6 0 0 .Part I . 27 12 17 . 7 1.5 . 28 5 12 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 16 18 20 . 2.5 0 3 . 21 6 0 10. 21 9 15 22 3 8 . 3.e. 9 4 0 3 .5 0 3 8 3 0 3 . 18 1 13 19 7 14 . in this case zero.5 0 7. .) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. 18 0 0 8. 17 13 18 .5 .Application Examples 20 Example Problem 2 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 4) are generated in the first line of input taking advantage of the equal spacing between the joints (see section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual for more information).5 Joint number followed by X. the Y coordinates are all the same. 17 6 0 7. 25 19 21 26 17 19 . 13 0 0 7. STAAD FLOOR A FLOOR FRAME DESIGN WITH AREA LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 14 1. 10 13 14 13 .5 . Since this is a floor structure. 14 18 19 15 20 21 . Joints between 1 and 5 (i. 7. UNIT METER KNS Defines the UNITs. 24 4 10 .5 15 3.5 . 20 2 7 . The word FLOOR signifies that the structure is a floor structure and the structure is in the x – z plane. 5 7 8 9 . 20 0 0 10. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 . 10 4.5 0.5 . Semicolon signs (. 23 11 16 .5 19 6 0 8.

LOADING 1 14.5 KN/sq.m. The program converts area loads into individual member loads.mm. The built-in default for Poisson’s value for steel is used during the analysis. Any line beginning with * mark is treated as a comment line.Example Problem 2 MEMB PROP BRITISH 1 TO 28 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 Member properties are specified from the British steel table. DL+LL Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. AREA LOAD 1 TO 28 ALOAD -14. 21 . UNIT METER SUPPORT 1 5 13 17 20 21 FIXED A fixed support has been specified at the above joints. This means that these members cannot carry any moment-z (i.5 All the 28 members are subjected to an Area load of 14. The second set of members have MZ released at the end joints.e. strong axis moment) at the start joint. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). POISSON.0 KN/sq. The word ST stands for standard single section.5 KN/sq. etc. * MEMBERS WITH PINNED ENDS ARE RELEASED FOR MZ MEMB RELEASE 1 5 10 14 15 18 17 28 26 20 TO 24 START MZ 4 9 13 14 15 18 16 27 25 19 21 TO 24 END MZ The first set of members (1 5 10 etc) have local moment-z (MZ) released at the start joint. UNIT MMS CONSTANT E 210.m. E has been assigned as 210.

Application Examples 22 Example Problem 2 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. The PRINT LOAD DATA command is specified to obtain a listing of the member loads which were generated from the AREA LOAD. DMAX and DMIN specify maximum and minimum depth limitations to be used during member selection. PARAMETERS CODE BRITISH BEAM 1 ALL DMAX 0. UNL stands for unsupported length of the compression flange to be used for calculation of bending capacity. FINISH The FINISH command terminates the STAAD run.3 ALL The PARAMETER command is used to specify steel design parameters (see the manual where code specification information is provided). SELECT MEMB 2 6 11 14 15 16 18 19 21 23 24 27 The above command instructs the program to select the most economical section from the British steel table for the members listed. The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length.6 ALL DMIN 0.Part I .3 ALL UNL 0. .

5 .5 0 7. 28 5 12 MEMB PROP BRITISH 1 TO 28 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 * MEMBERS WITH PINNED ENDS ARE RELEASED FOR MZ MEMB RELEASE 1 5 10 14 15 18 17 28 26 20 TO 24 START MZ 4 9 13 14 15 18 16 27 25 19 21 TO 24 END MZ UNIT MMS CONSTANT E 210. 21 9 15 22 3 8 . 25. DL+LL AREA LOAD 1 TO 28 ALOAD -14. 22. 28. 18.5 KN/SQ. 20 0 0 10. 6. 31. 17 6 0 7. 4. 17 13 18 . 21 6 0 10. 16. STAAD FLOOR A FLOOR FRAME DESIGN WITH AREA LOAD UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 5 6 0 0 . 10 13 14 13 . 9. 19. 15. 7. 7 1. 23 11 16 .5 0 3 . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 42 23 . 13. 14 1. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL UNIT METER SUPPORT 1 5 13 17 20 21 FIXED LOADING 1 14. 32. 14 18 19 15 20 21 .5 . 18 1 13 19 7 14 .5 .5 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 . 12. 24 4 10 . 10.5 .5 15 3. 9 4 0 3 .5 19 6 0 8. 11. 5. 3.Example Problem 2 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 11 5 0 3 12 6 0 3 . 25 19 21 26 17 19 . 5 7 8 9 . 13 0 0 7.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 23. 30. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.5 16 5 0 7. 10 4. 24. 17.5 0. 27. 16 18 20 . 18 0 0 8. 7.5 0 3 8 3 0 3 . 20.5 . Intl. 8. 27 12 17 . 14.M. 20 2 7 . 26. 21.5 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 20/ 28/ 6 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 2. 29.

919 224.00 1 2. DL+LL ----------MEMBER LOAD .813 76.00 0.00 0.00 19 ST UB457X152X52 PASS 0.6 0.00 BS-4.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .00 1 1.00 BS-4.50 -21.3.00 1.00 6.2500 GY -10.375 GY -14. 37.691 65.00 23 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.00 BS-4.00 7. PARAMETERS CODE BRITISH BEAM 1 ALL DMAX 0.Part I .3.00 4.3.50 1 0.26 1 2.6250 -21.Application Examples 24 Example Problem 2 LOADING 1 14.8750 GY 0.00 BS-4.5 KN/SQ.3 ALL UNL 0.33 1 3. 35.694 65.00 BS-4.463 43.00 1.00 24 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.00 L LIN1 LIN2 -29.260 24.3.29 0.6 0.00 1 3.25 0.000 -25.50 1. 36.00 3.6 0.50 0.00 21 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.7500 GY -7.7500 GY -25.00 6.2500 -7.3.00 -21.887 132.00 15 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.00 27 ST UB406X140X46 PASS 0.20 0.53 3.439 41.00 BS-4.00 0.00 1 1.3.00 0.39 0.6 0.87 0.962 290. 34.50 2.M.00 BS-4. 38.2500 -3.41 ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 1 0.500 -18.00 0.5000 -10.883 97.8750 L1 L2 CON GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.6 ALL DMIN 0.07 0.00 BS-4.00 3.7500 GY 0.00 .3.6 0.3.00 18 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.UNIT KNS METE MEMBER 10 11 12 13 14 15 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 27 28 UDL -7.6 0.6 0.00 1 3.00 11 ST UB406X140X46 PASS 0.00 16 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.02 0.85 0.(BSI ) ************************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2.46 0.75 1 0.00 BS-4.6 0.KNS METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 2 ST UB406X140X39 PASS 0.6 0.00 0.25 1 1.00 6 ST UB356X127X33 PASS 0.3.00 BS-4.3.3.00 BS-4.00 14 ST UB305X102X28 PASS 0.00 0.3.6 0.00 0.00 4.3750 GY -21.6 0.47 0.00 0.Pro MEMBER SELECTION .6 0.915 182.50 3.7500 -14.125 GY ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 33.884 215. 39.00 0.00 BS-4.2500 -7.00 0.00 1 0.3 ALL SELECT MEMB 2 6 11 14 15 16 18 19 21 23 24 27 STAAD.

co.co. UPDATE PROPERTIES.Example Problem 2 40.com * * Europe support@bentley.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.co.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.com * ************************************************************ 25 .com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley. IN THE POST PROCESSOR. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. THEN FILE SAVE. PRESS RESULTS. FROM THE UPPER MENU.com * * * * North America support@bentley.Pro.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * Asia support@bentley.

Part I .Application Examples 26 Example Problem 2 NOTES .

67 = 30000 KN/m 2.6 x 41666. NOTE: 1) All dimensions are in meters.67 KN/m 3 Spring constant calculation Spring of joints 1.3 x 41666. 12 & 13 = 2. 10 & 14 = Spring of joints 2.4 x 0.Example Problem 3 Example Problem No. Value of soil subgrade reaction is known from which spring constants are calculated by multiplying the subgrade reaction by the tributary area of each modeled spring.4 x 0. 3. 11. 3 A portal frame type steel structure is sitting on concrete footings. 2) Soil Subgrade Reaction – 41666. 4.67 = 60000 KN/m 27 . The soil is to be considered as an elastic foundation. 5.

0 0.0 0.Part I . The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geo metry is defined through X and Y axes.0 0. .2 3.0 0.0 .0 0. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 5 3 6 . UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used. the Z coordinates are given as all zeros.40 5 6 9 10 TABLE ST JO254X203 7 8 TA ST UB305X165X40 Firs t t wo lines define member properties as PRIS (prismatic) for whi ch YD (depth) and ZD (wi dth) values are provided.30 ZD 2. 7 1.0 0.0 0. STAAD PLANE PORTAL ON FOOTING FOUNDATION Eve ry input has to st art with the word STAAD.0 14 8.Application Examples 28 Example Problem 3 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.60 ZD 2.0 0.4 0.40 2 3 12 13 PRIS YD 0.2 3.2 6. 8 6 9 9 8 9 .0 6 1. 10 9 12 11 10 11 14 Def ines the members by the joints they are connected to. Semicolon signs (.0 . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 0.0 8 7.0 10 6. 6 6 7 7 7 8 . MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 4 11 14 PRIS YD 0.0 5 2. The pro gram will calculate the properties necessary to do the analysis.2 6.0 0. Since this is a plane structure. 9 7.4 0.) are used as line separators to facilitate specification of multiple sets of data on one line.0 Joint number followed by X. Y and Z coordinates are provid ed above.

Density and Poisson’s ratio.mm. UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD AND WIND LOAD COMBINED Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. SUPPORTS 2 TO 4 11 TO 13 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 60 1 5 10 14 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 30 The supports for the structure are specified above. Length unit is changed from METER to MMS to facilitate the input. Also.) E 210 MEMB 5 TO 10 E 21 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 DEN 76. The second set is similar to the former except for a different value of the spring constant.0 factor. The word ST stands for standard single section. The first set of joints are supports restrained in all directions except MZ (which is global moment-z).Example Problem 3 Me m ber properties for the remaining members are chosen from the British steel table.0 The selfweight of the structure is specified as acting in the global Y direction with a -1.) AND FOR * CONCRETE 21 (KN/sq. SELF Y -1.977E-09 MEMB 5 TO 10 DEN 23. UNIT MMS CONSTANTS * E FOR STEEL IS 210 (KN/sq.534E-09 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON STEEL MEMB 5 TO 10 The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). Any line beginning with an * mark is treated as a comment line. a spring having a spring constant of 60 KN/mm is provided in the global Y direction at these nodes. 29 .mm.

FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction.0 factor indicates that this load will act downwards. member forces and support reactions. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load.0 Load 1 contains member loads also. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. and is applied on members 7 and 8. GY indicates that the load acts in the global Y direction. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above PRINT command instructs the program to print analysis results which include joint displacements. JOINT LOAD 6 7 FX 20.0 Load 1 contains joint loads also. . the -1. acting downwards. MEMBER LOAD 7 8 UNI GY -45.Part I .Application Examples 30 Example Problem 3 Since global Y is vertically upwards.

37.0 . 13. 22. 34.0 0.40 2 3 12 13 PRIS YD 0. 6 6 7 7 7 8 . 8 6 9 9 8 9 .Example Problem 3 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS 1. 10. 27. 39. 28. 19. 16.0 0.2 6. 8. 33. 20. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 32 31 . 38.2 3.977E-09 MEMB 5 TO 10 DEN 23. 7 1.0 0. 25.0 0.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 5 3 6 . 14.60 ZD 2. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 2. 31.) AND FOR * CONCRETE 21 (KN/SQ.0 5 2. 26.2 6. 7.0 8 7. 23.0 0. 3.) E 210 MEMB 5 TO 10 E 21 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 DEN 76. STAAD PLANE PORTAL ON FOOTING FOUNDATION UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 15.0 10 6.0 6 1.30 ZD 2. 10 9 12 11 10 11 14 MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 4 11 14 PRIS YD 0. 29. 21.0 0. 32. 9.534E-09 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON STEEL MEMB 5 TO 10 SUPPORTS 2 TO 4 11 TO 13 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 60 1 5 10 14 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 30 UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD AND WIND LOAD COMBINED SELF Y -1.MM. 5. 36.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 17.0 0.2 3. 9 7.0 JOINT LOAD 6 7 FX 20. 4. Intl.0 0. 24.0 .0 0. 35. 30. 11.4 0.0 14 8. 6.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 14/ 14/ 10 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 40. 12.MM.0 MEMBER LOAD 7 8 UNI GY -45.4 0. 18.0 0.40 5 6 9 10 TABLE ST JO254X203 7 8 TA ST UB305X165X40 UNIT MMS CONSTANTS * E FOR STEEL IS 210 (KN/SQ.

25 105.69 0.00 96.0045 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.0000 0.00 0.0285 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.55 32.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 -24.5036 1.0000 0.0000 0.1902 -0.00 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.08 0.1504 -0.00 0.90 58.0000 0.0712 1.0000 0.0000 0.0000 METE Y-ROTAN 0.00 0.63 -135.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 -73.67 142.0004 -0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.09 6 1 6 7 132.00 0.00 0.74 129.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.38 123.95 82.00 0.00 0.25 45.66 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 73.74 0.00 61.00 0.00 0.0000 0.65 36.1720 -0.0000 0.00 -16.00 0.09 0.65 126.70 -145.00 0.00 135.1898 -0.00 -40.00 5 1 3 6 261.01 87.00 0.00 0.40 9 1 8 9 142.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.1232 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.56 145.00 0.0000 0.00 0.09 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.08 -258.00 0.0000 0.1210 -0.00 0.74 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.74 56.0000 0.0000 0.0022 -0.1969 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------- STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE X-ROTAN 0.00 0.71 0.72 94.0000 0.0002 -0.00 -103.68 -156.74 -76.38 .35 40.00 0.92 0.09 0.00 0.0003 -0.0000 0.09 -40.0000 JOINT Z-TRANS -0.67 -56.92 26.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 -75.00 0.00 -92.00 98.00 0.0000 0.0005 -0.0000 0.00 96.00 0.00 32.0000 0.1759 -0.1531 -0.0000 0.0000 0.09 0.0000 0.00 0.Application Examples 32 Example Problem 3 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 X-TRANS RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 2 3 4 11 12 13 1 5 10 14 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.5240 0.10 -129.0000 0.0000 0.0002 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 0.09 0.90 59.00 0.00 0.70 0.00 0.50 10 1 9 12 290.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.63 24.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.58 90.82 3 1 3 4 0.0000 0.96 72.00 0.00 16.0000 0.30 2 1 2 3 0.00 0.59 -96.00 0.75 45.00 -35.25 -22.0000 0.1367 -0.00 0.50 4 1 4 5 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.2097 -0.00 0.81 -25.80 0.0000 0.00 0.1075 -0.30 67.0000 0.63 7 1 7 8 76.00 0.74 -76.0000 -0.00 0.93 -293.00 0.00 0.0032 -0.0002 -0.1466 -0.0005 -0.00 0.12 76.0001 -0.00 0.0003 -0.00 24.0897 -0.0000 0.72 8 1 6 9 -36.0003 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.0005 -0.Part I .

00 0.00 0.Pro.00 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.co.00 -118.00 0.09 60.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 -16.00 89.39 14 1 13 14 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.39 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.09 12 1 11 12 0.00 0.32 -68.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 13.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 0.00 -32.99 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.12 154. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.58 13 1 12 13 0.00 0.com * ************************************************************ 33 .00 26.96 32.00 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.06 0.00 -13.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 -134.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.90 59.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.73 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 11 1 10 11 0.00 -48.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 3 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.co.00 0.00 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 41.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.45 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.

Application Examples 34 Example Problem 3 NOTES .Part I .

35 .Example Problem 4 Example Problem No. In this example. different bracing members are made inactive for different load cases. 4 This example is a typical case of a load-dependent structure where the structural condition changes for different load cases. This is done to prevent these members from carrying any compressive forces.

to facilitate specification of multiple sets of data on one line. 3 5 7 . The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. 11 3 5 . 4 3 6 . 7 6. 6 4 5 7 8 7 8 . 9. Since this is a plane structure. 12 2 6 13 6 7 . 0. 4. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used. To accommodate these requirements. Joint number followed by X. 4 0 4. 0.Part I . SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. Also.5 0. it is necessary to have 2 commands. STAAD PLANE * A PLANE FRAME STRUCTURE WITH TENSION BRACING Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 8 12. the Z coordinates are given as all zeros.Application Examples 36 Example Problem 4 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. 0. Semicolon signs (. 0. the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. 10 2 4 . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 3 12.) are used as line separators. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains.5 0 6 12. Consequently. 9. 14 5 8 . the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. 9 1 5 . 5 6 8 . . MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 4 2 .

MEMBER PROP BRITISH 1 TO 5 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 6 7 8 TA ST UB457X152X52 9 TO 14 TA LD UA150X150X10 Properties for all members are assigned from the British steel table. it is assumed to be 0. 2 and 3. Poisson’s ratio. This means these members can only carry axial tension/compression and no moments. The word PINNED signifies that no moments will be carried by these supports. INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 TO 14 The above command makes the listed members inactive. The word ST stands for standard single section. SUPPORT 1 2 3 PINNED PINNED supports are specified at Joints 1. UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210. Since the spacing between the two angles of the double angle is not provided. The stiffness contribution of these members will not be considered in the analysis till they are made active again.0. MEMBER TRUSS 9 TO 14 The above command defines that members 9 through 14 are of type truss. The word LD stands for long leg back-to-back double angle.Example Problem 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 37 . etc. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). Length unit is changed from METER to MMS.

JOINT LOAD 4 FX 135 . In other words. CHANGES The members inactivated earlier are restored using the CHANGE command.75 Load 1 contains member loads. The load is applied on members 6. The stiffness contribution from these members will not be used in the analysis till they are made active again.Application Examples 38 Example Problem 4 UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. MEMBER LOAD 6 8 UNI GY -4. the bracings are not used to carry any load. The length UNIT is changed from MMS to METER for input values which follow. It is worth noting that members 9 TO 14 will not be used in this analysis since they were declared inactive earlier. INACTIVE MEMBERS 10 11 13 A new set of members are made inactive. LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT Load case 2 is initiated followed by a title. They have been inactivated to prevent them from being subject to compressive forces for the next load case. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. 7 FX 65 . 7 and 8. for dead and live load. GY indicates that the load acts in the global Y direction.Part I .5 7 UNI GY -6.

For load combinations. The analysis will be performed for load case 2 only. Nodes 4 and 7 are subjected to the loads.75 Load combination case 4 involves the algebraic summation of the results of load cases 1 and 2 after multiplying each by a factor of 0.75.75 2 0. The negative numbers (-135 and -65) indicate that the load is acting along the negative global X direction. JOINT LOAD 6 FX -135 . FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. LOADING 3 WIND FROM RIGHT Load case 3 is initiated followed by a title. the program simply gathers the 39 . The stiffness contribution of these members will not be used in the analysis till they are made active again.75 LOAD COMBINATION 5 1 0. 12 and 14 are made inactive. LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. CHANGE The above CHANGE command is an instruction to re-activate all inactive members. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.Example Problem 4 Load 2 contains joint loads. INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 12 14 Members 9.75 3 0. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. 8 FX -65 Load 3 contains joint loads at nodes 6 and 8. They have been inactivated to prevent them from being subject to compressive forces for the next load case.

Thus. Only primary load case 3 will be considered for this analysis. but handled using other means. factors them appropriately. LOAD LIST ALL At the end of any analysis. Load combination case 5 combines the results of load cases 1 and 3. and combines them algebraically. PRINT MEMBER FORCES The above PRINT command is an instruction to produce a report. LOAD LIST 1 4 5 A LOAD LIST command is a means of instructing the program to use only the listed load cases for further processing. The LOAD LIST ALL command enables all the load cases in the structure to be made active for further processing.) CHANGE The above CHANGE command will re-activate all inactive members.5 ALL .Part I . are recognized as the "active" load cases. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. (As explained earlier. in the output file. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently. a combination case is not truly analysed for.8 ALL KY 0.Application Examples 40 Example Problem 4 results of the component primary cases. an analysis in the real sense of the term (multiplying the inverted stiffness matrix by the load vector) is not carried out for load combination cases. PARAMETER CODE BRITISH BEAM 1 ALL UNL 1. of the member end forces.

FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.5 ALL sets the effective length factor for column buckling about the local Y-axis to be 0. 41 . UNL represents the unsupported length to be used for calculation of allowable bending stress. CHECK CODE ALL The above command instructs the program to perform a check to determine how the user defined member sizes along with the latest analysis results meet the code requirements.Example Problem 4 The PARAMETER command is used to specify the steel design parameters (information on these parameters can be obtained from the manual where the implementation of the code is explained).5 for ALL members. KY 0. The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length.

37. 10. 21. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.5 0. 31. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 4 2 . 47. 46. 0. 3.75 2 0. 9. 13. 0. 20. CHANGES INACTIVE MEMBERS 10 11 13 LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT JOINT LOAD 4 FX 135 . 30. 9. 0. 45.75 3 0. 2. CHANGE 18 . 12. 11 3 5 . 4. 5 6 8 .75 PERFORM ANALYSIS 48. 8 12. 18. 7 6. 22. CHANGE INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 12 14 LOADING 3 WIND FROM RIGHT JOINT LOAD 6 FX -135 . 28.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 14/ 3 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 4 3 6 .14 5 8 MEMBER TRUSS 9 TO 14 MEMBER PROP BRITISH 1 TO 5 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 6 7 8 TA ST UB457X152X52 9 TO 14 TA LD UA150X150X10 UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210. 8. 43. 5. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 2 3 PINNED INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 TO 14 UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD MEMBER LOAD 6 8 UNI GY -4. 27. 14. 10 2 4 . 4 0 4. 7 FX 65 PERFORM ANALYSIS 38.Application Examples 42 Example Problem 4 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. STAAD PLANE * A PLANE FRAME STRUCTURE WITH TENSION BRACING UNIT METER KNS SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 3 12.Part I . 19. 6. 15. 11. 35. 24. 6 4 5 7 8 7 8 . 0. 36. 9 1 5 . 9. 41. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 32. Intl. 3 5 7 . 40. 26. 34. .5 0 6 12. 33. 42. 25.75 LOAD COMBINATION 5 1 0. 17. 39.5 7 UNI GY -6. 8 FX -65 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. 44. 7. 12 2 6 13 6 7 . 4. 23. 16. 29.

99 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 101.40 -12.13 7.00 0.59 0.00 0.02 -9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.44 0.00 0.00 0.56 59.60 -89.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -1.94 -51.32 -13.21 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.53 -0.10 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 -1.00 0.07 1.43 7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 -0.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT 1 1 2 3 4 5 2 1 2 3 4 5 3 1 2 3 4 5 4 1 2 3 4 5 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 11.30 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 13.19 3.00 0.15 -11.00 0.91 -2.88 11.96 1.77 -0.00 0.00 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 0.00 0.46 -59.00 0.23 -134.07 0.23 89.32 2 5 2 5 2 5 2 5 2 5 51.00 0.29 0.00 0.19 73.38 -1.97 0.00 0.37 -47.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.44 -1.18 0.64 0.14 -2.29 1.80 -103.00 0.46 0.88 0.00 0.36 3.00 0.81 5.44 2.35 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 129.77 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.91 2.69 9.00 0.00 -4.00 0.47 3.02 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.21 -0.35 -0.18 1.00 0.00 0.59 -9.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 -1.00 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.52 45.00 0.76 9.80 5 7 5 7 5 7 5 7 5 7 13.68 -0.00 0.39 6.44 10.56 -7.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.14 -3.00 0.07 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.04 4.00 0.40 103.29 45.14 1.00 0.59 0.61 101.07 68.37 -3.90 0.00 0.44 -2.00 0.32 -9.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 -18.62 3 6 3 6 3 6 3 6 3 6 31.00 0.00 0.00 3.02 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.70 -1.04 5.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 -5.37 9.00 0.00 0.85 -1.00 0.56 -73.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.68 0.00 0.43 -1.14 -4.44 -1.61 48.28 -1.68 -13.90 134. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.76 -45.00 0.12 3.00 0.04 0.00 0.75 -8.00 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. LOAD LIST ALL 50.00 0.00 0.16 -4.54 0.00 0.19 -129.Example Problem 4 49.10 0.15 15.00 -2.38 0.18 1.45 43 .12 1.88 -67.00 0.00 4.98 0.96 2.40 -101.00 0.00 0.91 12.28 -1.88 -0.00 0.00 0.40 0.00 0.00 0.97 -0.00 0.00 0.96 1.00 0.00 0.79 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.93 7.00 6.00 0.00 0.56 0.00 0.00 -0.52 -9.00 0.47 -2.00 0.07 0.00 0.00 0.56 12.00 0.00 0.90 -0.85 -135.35 67.80 -48.90 0.00 0.85 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.68 -0.00 0.00 2.00 4.94 46.00 0.29 -8.32 0.00 0.00 0.13 -68.00 0.91 6.96 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.08 0.70 -47.38 0.00 0.00 0.14 -46.00 0.00 0.40 0.00 0.81 0.00 0.46 0.00 0.46 -0.00 0.40 -31.94 3.47 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.32 47.00 0.93 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.53 -0.07 1.00 -2.85 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 3.00 0.00 0.56 135.00 3.00 0.79 -45.00 0.00 0.00 0.40 0.99 47.91 0.18 -3.35 -101.44 -15.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.83 -4.00 0.35 117.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.51 102.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 52.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 0.00 0.23 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 9.63 0.00 0.91 -3.00 0.00 0.00 -83.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.32 -0.00 0.62 -10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.68 13.79 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 -1.36 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.68 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.77 2.00 0.00 0.74 12.00 -91.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.91 3.98 72.13 -50.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 13.56 63.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.49 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 68.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 -2.00 0.88 -63.00 0.00 0.73 11.62 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 -6.00 0.00 0.99 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -102.00 0.89 50.00 0.70 4.00 0.96 63.00 0.00 -68.00 0.99 0.00 0.97 14.00 0.00 -156.00 -111.64 91.51 0.35 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.89 -49.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 0.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 2 6 2 6 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -117.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.92 -3.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 0.00 0.00 0.88 49.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 44 Example Problem 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.Part I .69 -52.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 23.00 0.00 0.64 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT 7 1 2 3 4 5 8 1 2 3 4 5 9 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 11 1 2 3 4 5 12 1 2 3 4 5 AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 .00 0.16 111.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 15.00 0.40 17.96 -2.00 0.00 0.91 19.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 -1.24 22.69 146.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.77 -2.00 0.00 0.12 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.24 -146.00 1 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.47 156.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 18.00 0.37 83.24 196.00 0.00 0.00 0.47 0.00 0.52 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.12 1.98 -196.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 -7.75 -10.98 1.00 0.00 -136.56 -63.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.68 136.00 0.24 -72.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 0.00 0.00 0.91 4.00 0.00 0.

00 9 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.00 10 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.00 0.00 0.00 0.042 4 68.6 0.00 0.00 9.39 0.00 0.00 ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 45 .00 0.00 0.50 3 ST UB305X165X40 PASS BS-4.00 -15.7 (C) 0.00 0.00 0.00 -77.00 -57.00 0.24 C 0.00 0.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 51.85 0.51 T 0.36 4.00 0.6 (T) 0.00 -58.00 0.50 2 ST UB305X165X40 PASS BS-4.39 58. BEAM 1 ALL 55.00 0.00 0.036 5 57.00 0.102 4 101.3.00 12 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.059 5 45.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 T 0.00 0.00 0.46 C 0.00 0.00 0.6 0.00 0. UNL 1.60 T 0.00 0.00 0.072 4 117.35 T 0.00 0.052 5 59.00 0.KNS METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST UB305X165X40 PASS BS-4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 6 ST UB457X152X52 PASS BS-4.00 0.00 0.050 5 50.39 T 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 0.00 19.6 (T) 0.00 0.00 0. LOAD LIST 1 4 5 52.147 5 146.7 (C) 0.00 0.50 4 ST UB305X165X40 PASS BS-4.(BSI ) *********************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2.3.00 0.00 0.00 0.051 5 83.Pro CODE CHECKING .00 0.73 T 0.00 0.6 (T) 0.00 0.00 0.80 4.00 0.00 0. CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.85 77.79 C 0. CODE BRITISH 54.00 0.00 -5.6 (T) 0.00 SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 0.00 -76.00 13 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT 13 1 2 3 4 5 14 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 5 8 5 8 5 8 5 8 5 8 AXIAL 0.00 0.118 5 135.00 0.00 0.00 14 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.00 0.00 0.7 (C) 0.00 7 ST UB457X152X52 PASS BS-4.088 4 101.83 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 4.00 0.76 C 0.32 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.045 4 45.00 0.00 0.62 4.00 TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 C 0.00 0.00 0.7 (C) 0.6 (T) 0.00 0.00 0.063 5 102.00 0.6 (T) 0.85 C 0.00 0.00 0.00 8 ST UB457X152X52 PASS BS-4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.00 0.8 ALL 56.13 C 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.00 0.00 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. PARAMETER 53.00 0.60 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 57.00 0.7 (C) 0.00 0.036 4 58.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.5 ALL 57.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 6.Example Problem 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 7.00 0.7 (C) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.80 0.00 0.00 0.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .80 76.40 C 0.00 0.50 5 ST UB305X165X40 PASS BS-4. KY 0.

com * * Asia support@bentley.com * ************************************************************ .Application Examples 46 Example Problem 4 58.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.Pro.co.co.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.Part I .com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * * * * North America support@bentley.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * Europe support@bentley.co.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.

47 . 5 This example demonstrates the application of support displacement load (commonly known as sinking support) on a space frame structure.Example Problem 5 Example Problem No.

Part I - Application Examples

48

Example Problem 5

Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.
STAAD SPACE TEST FOR SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT
Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The word SPACE
signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the
geometry is defined through X, Y and Z coordinates.
UNITS METER KNS
Specifies the unit to be used.
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0.0 0.0 0.0 ; 2 0.0 3.0 0.0
3 6.0 3.0 0.0 ; 4 6.0 0.0 0.0
5 6.0 3.0 6.0 ; 6 6.0 0.0. 6.0
Joint number followed by X, Y and Z coordinates are provided
above. Semicolon signs (;) are used as line separators. That
enables us to provide multiple sets of data on one line.
MEMBER INCIDENCE
1 1 2 3
4 3 5 ; 5 5 6
Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.
UNIT MMS
MEMB PROP
1 TO 5 PRIS AX 6450 IZ 1.249E+08 IY 1.249E+08 IX 4.162E+06

Member properties have been defined above using the
PRISMATIC attribute. Values of AX (area), IZ (moment of inertia
about major axis), IY (moment of inertia about minor axis) and IX
(torsional constant) are provided in MMS unit.
CONSTANT
E 210. ALL
POISSON STEEL ALL
Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s
ratio are specified following the command CONSTANT.

Example Problem 5

SUPPORT
1 4 6 FIXED
Joints 1, 4 and 6 are fixed supports.
LOADING 1 SINKING SUPPORT
Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.
SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT LOAD
4 FY –15
Load 1 is a support displacement load which is also commonly
known as a sinking support. FY signifies that the support
settlement is in the global Y direction and the value of this
settlement is 15mm downward.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.
PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS
The above PRINT command instructs the program to print joint
displacements, support reactions and member forces.
FINISH
This command terminates the STAAD run.

49

Part I - Application Examples

50

Example Problem 5
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STAAD.Pro
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Version 2007
Build 02
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Proprietary Program of
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Research Engineers, Intl.
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Date=
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Time=
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USER ID:
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STAAD SPACE TEST FOR SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT
UNITS METER KNS
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0.0 0.0 0.0 ; 2 0.0 3.0 0.0
3 6.0 3.0 0.0 ; 4 6.0 0.0 0.0
5 6.0 3.0 6.0 ; 6 6.0 0.0 6.0
MEMBER INCIDENCE
1 1 2 3
4 3 5 ; 5 5 6
UNIT MMS
MEMB PROP
1 TO 5 PRIS AX 6450 IZ 1.249E+08 IY 1.249E+08
CONSTANT
E 210. ALL
POISSON STEEL ALL
SUPPORT
1 4 6 FIXED
LOADING 1 SINKING SUPPORT
SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT LOAD
4 FY -15.
PERFORM ANALYSIS

IX 4.162E+06

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =

6/

5/

3

SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =

1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =

18

22. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS

JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM
-----------------JOINT
1
2
3
4
5
6

LOAD
1
1
1
1
1
1

X-TRANS
0.0000
0.2737
0.2735
0.0000
0.0323
0.0000

RADIANS)

Y-TRANS

JOINT
1
4
6

Z-TRANS

0.0000
-0.0012
-1.4975
-1.5000
-0.0012
0.0000

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS
-----------------

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

0.0000
-0.0323
-0.2735
0.0000
-0.2737
0.0000

MMS

X-ROTAN
0.0000
-0.0002
-0.0018
0.0000
-0.0019
0.0000

Y-ROTAN
0.0000
0.0006
0.0000
0.0000
-0.0006
0.0000

Z-ROTAN
0.0000
-0.0019
-0.0018
0.0000
-0.0002
0.0000

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
1
1

0.46
0.43
-0.90

5.63
-11.26
5.63

0.90
-0.43
-0.46

2780.50
15509.14
15492.86

-67.13
0.00
67.13

15492.86
15509.14
2780.50

Example Problem 5
MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KNS MMS
(LOCAL )
MEMBER

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1

1
2

5.63
-5.63

-0.46
0.46

0.90
-0.90

-67.13
67.13

-2780.50
94.34

15492.86
-16878.24

2

1

2
3

0.46
-0.46

5.63
-5.63

0.90
-0.90

94.34
-94.34

-67.13
-5305.17

16878.24
16904.26

3

1

3
4

-11.26
11.26

-0.43
0.43

0.43
-0.43

0.00 -16809.91
0.00 15509.14

-16809.91
15509.14

4

1

3
5

0.46
-0.46

-5.63
5.63

-0.90
0.90

-94.34
94.34

5305.17
67.13

-16904.26
-16878.24

5

1

5
6

5.63
-5.63

0.90
-0.90

0.46
-0.46

67.13 -16878.24
-67.13 15492.86

-94.34
2780.50

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

23. FINISH

*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

****

************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Research Engineers Offices at the following locations *
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Telephone
Email
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support@bentley.com
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+1 (905)632-4771
detech@odandetech.com *
* UK
+44(1454)207-000
support@reel.co.uk
*
* FRANCE
+33(0)1 64551084
support@reel.co.uk
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info@reig.de
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staad@edr.no
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support@bentley.com
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support@bentley.com
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eng-eye@crc.co.jp
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+86(411)363-1983
support@bentley.com
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support@bentley.com
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support@bentley.com
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51

Part I - Application Examples

52

Example Problem 5

NOTES

Example Problem 6

Example Problem No. 6
This is an example of prestress loading in a plane frame structure.
It covers two situations: 1) From the member on which it is
applied, the prestressing effect is transmitted to the rest of the
structure through the connecting members (known in the program
as PRESTRESS load). 2) The prestressing effect is experienced by
the member(s) alone and not transmitted to the rest of the structure
(known in the program as POSTSTRESS load).

53

Part I - Application Examples

54

Example Problem 6

Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.
STAAD PLANE FRAME WITH PRESTRESSING LOAD
Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The word PLANE
signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the
geometry is defined through X and Y axes.
UNIT METER KNS
Specifies the unit to be used.
JOINT COORD
1 0. 0. ; 2 12. 0. ; 3 0. 6. ; 4 12. 6.
5 0. 10.5 ; 6 12. 10.5 ; 7 0. 15. ; 8 12. 15.
Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above.
Since this is a plane structure, the Z coordinates need not be
provided. Semicolon signs (;) are used as line separators, and that
allows us to provide multiple sets of data on one line.
MEMBER INCIDENCE
1 1 3 ; 2 3 5 ; 3 5 7 ; 4 2 4 ; 5 4 6
6 6 8 ; 7 3 4 ; 8 5 6 ; 9 7 8
Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.
SUPPORT
1 2 FIXED
The supports at joints 1 and 2 are defined to be fixed supports.
MEMB PROP
1 TO 9 PRI AX 0.2044 IZ 8.631E-03
Member properties are provided using the PRI (prismatic)
attribute. Values of area (AX) and moment of inertia about the
major axis (IZ) are provided.
UNIT MMS
CONSTANT
E 21. ALL ; POISS CONC ALL

Example Problem 6

CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E
(modulus of elasticity), Poisson’s ratio, etc. Length unit is changed
from METER to MMS to facilitate the input.
LOADING 1 PRESTRESSING LOAD
MEMBER PRESTRESS
7 8 FORCE 1350. ES 75. EM -300. EE 75.
Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. Load 1 contains
PRESTRESS load. Members 7 and 8 have a cable force of 1350
KNs. The location of the cable at the start (ES) and end (EE) is 75
MMs above the centre of gravity while at the middle (EM) it is 300
MMs below the c.g. The assumptions and facts associated with this
type of loading are explained in section 1 of the Technical
Reference Manual.
LOADING 2 POSTSTRESSING LOAD
MEMBER POSTSTRESS
7 8 FORCE 1350. ES 75. EM -300. EE 75.
Load case 2 is initiated followed by a title. Load 2 is a
POSTSTRESS load. Members 7 and 8 have a cable force of 1350
KNs. The location of the cable is the same as in load case 1. For a
difference between PRESTRESS loading and POSTSTRESS
loading, as well as additional information about both types of
loads, please refer to section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
This command instructs the program to perform the analysis.
UNIT METER
PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS
The above command is an instruction to write joint displacements,
support reactions and member forces in the output file.
FINISH
This command terminates the STAAD run.

55

Part I - Application Examples

56

Example Problem 6
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro
*
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Version 2007
Build 02
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Research Engineers, Intl.
*
*
Date=
*
*
Time=
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*
*
USER ID:
*
****************************************************
1.
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STAAD PLANE FRAME WITH PRESTRESSING LOAD
UNIT METER KNS
JOINT COORD
1 0. 0. ; 2 12. 0. ; 3 0. 6. ; 4 12.
5 0. 10.5 ; 6 12. 10.5 ; 7 0. 15. ; 8
MEMBER INCIDENCE
1 1 3 ; 2 3 5 ; 3 5 7 ; 4 2 4 ; 5
6 6 8 ; 7 3 4 ; 8 5 6 ; 9 7 8
SUPPORT
1 2 FIXED
MEMB PROP
1 TO 9 PRI AX 0.2044 IZ 8.631E-03
UNIT MMS
CONSTANT
E 21. ALL ; POISS CONC ALL
LOADING 1 PRESTRESSING LOAD
MEMBER PRESTRESS
7 8 FORCE 1350. ES 75. EM -300. EE 75.
LOADING 2 POSTSTRESSING LOAD
MEMBER POSTSTRESS
7 8 FORCE 1350. ES 75. EM -300. EE 75.
PERFORM ANALYSIS

6.
12.
4

15.

6

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =

8/

9/

2

SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =

2, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =

18

23. UNIT METER
24. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM
-----------------JOINT
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

LOAD
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2

X-TRANS
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.1917
0.0000
-0.1917
0.0000
0.1799
0.0000
-0.1799
0.0000
-0.0014
0.0000
0.0014
0.0000

RADIANS)

Y-TRANS
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE

Z-TRANS
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

X-ROTAN
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Y-ROTAN
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Z-ROTAN
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0004
0.0000
-0.0004
0.0000
0.0008
0.0000
-0.0008
0.0000
0.0002
0.0000
-0.0002
0.0000

Example Problem 6
SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS
----------------JOINT

METE

STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
2
1
2

-30.59
0.00
30.59
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

80.49
0.00
-80.49
0.00

1
2

MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KNS METE
(LOCAL )
MEMBER
1

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1
3
1
3

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

30.59
-30.59
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

80.49
103.07
0.00
0.00

3
5
3
5

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

62.59
-62.59
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

121.89
159.77
0.00
0.00

5
7
5
7

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

10.30
-10.30
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

50.98
-4.64
0.00
0.00

2
4
2
4

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-30.59
30.59
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-80.49
-103.07
0.00
0.00

4
6
4
6

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-62.59
62.59
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-121.89
-159.77
0.00
0.00

6
8
6
8

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-10.30
10.30
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-50.98
4.64
0.00
0.00

3
4
3
4

1371.41
-1371.41
1339.41
-1339.41

-168.75
-168.75
-168.75
-168.75

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-326.21
326.21
-101.25
101.25

5
6
5
6

1287.12
-1287.12
1339.41
-1339.41

-168.75
-168.75
-168.75
-168.75

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-312.00
312.00
-101.25
101.25

7
8
7
8

-10.30
10.30
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

4.64
-4.64
0.00
0.00

2

2

1
2

3

1
2

4

1
2

5

1
2

6

1
2

7

1
2

8

1
2

9

1
2

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

57

Part I - Application Examples

58

Example Problem 6
25. FINISH

*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

****

************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Research Engineers Offices at the following locations *
*
*
*
Telephone
Email
*
* USA:
+1 (714)974-2500
support@bentley.com
*
* CANADA
+1 (905)632-4771
detech@odandetech.com *
* UK
+44(1454)207-000
support@reel.co.uk
*
* FRANCE
+33(0)1 64551084
support@reel.co.uk
*
* GERMANY
+49/931/40468-71
info@reig.de
*
* NORWAY
+47 67 57 21 30
staad@edr.no
*
* SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158
support@bentley.com
*
* INDIA
+91(033)4006-2021
support@bentley.com
*
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+81(03)5952-6500
eng-eye@crc.co.jp
*
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+86(411)363-1983
support@bentley.com
*
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support@bentley.com
*
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* North America
support@bentley.com
*
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support@bentley.com
*
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support@bentley.com
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************************************************************

Example Problem 7

Example Problem No. 7
This example illustrates modelling of structures with OFFSET
connections. OFFSET connections arise when the centre lines of
the connected members do not intersect at the connection point.
The connection eccentricity behaves as a rigid link and is modeled
through specification of MEMBER OFFSETS.

59

Part I - Application Examples

60

Example Problem 7

Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.
STAAD PLANE TEST FOR MEMBER OFFSETS
Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The word PLANE
signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the
geometry is defined through X and Y axes.
UNIT METER KNS
Specifies the unit to be used.
JOINT COORD
1 0. 0. ; 2 6. 0. ; 3 0. 4.5
4 6. 4.5 ; 5 0. 9. ; 6 6. 9.
Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above.
Since this is a plane structure, the Z coordinates need not be
provided. Semicolon signs (;) are used as line separators. This
allows us to provide multiple sets of data in one line.
SUPPORT
1 2 PINNED
Pinned supports are specified at joints 1 and 2. The word PINNED
signifies that no moments will be carried by these supports.
MEMB INCI
1 1 3 2 ; 3 3 5 4
5 3 4 ; 6 5 6 ; 7 1 4
Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.
MEMB PROP BRITISH
1 TO 4 TABLE ST UC356X368X129
5 6 TA ST UB305X165X40
7 TA LD UA200X150X12
All member properties are from British steel table. The word ST
stands for standard single section. LD stands for long leg back-toback double angle.

0 5 6 END -178. 6 and 7.0 7 END -178. 61 . UNIT METER PRINT FORCES PRINT REACTIONS The above PRINT commands are instructions for writing the member forces and support reactions to the output file. JOINT LOAD 3 FX 225. 0. 0.0 The above specification states that an OFFSET is located at the START/END joint of the members. The X.0 0. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided following the keyword CONSTANT.0 0. CONSTANT E 210.0 .0 -152. These attributes are applied to members 5. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command is an instruction to perform the analysis. Y and Z global coordinates of the offset distance from the corresponding incident joint are also provided. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction.0 0.Example Problem 7 UNIT MMS MEMB OFFSET 5 6 START 178. LOADING 1 WIND LOAD Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. 5 FX 112.5 Load 1 contains joint loads at nodes 3 and 5.

Application Examples 62 Example Problem 7 FINISH This command terminates a STAAD run. .Part I .

18.70 2 1 2 4 337.0 0. 8.5 . 22.00 0. 10.00 4. 4.00 0. 4.0 .78 0.00 151. SUPPORT 1 2 PINNED MEMB INCI 1 1 3 2 .00 91.00 170.25 0. 21. 7.12 49. Intl.00 0.00 0. 3 3 5 4 5 3 4 . 26. 4. UNIT METER 28. 3 0. 0.00 0. 0. .0 CONSTANT E 210. 7 1 4 MEMB PROP BRITISH 1 TO 4 TABLE ST UC356X368X129 5 6 TA ST UB305X165X40 7 TA LD UA200X150X12 UNIT MMS MEMB OFFSET 5 6 START 178.76 53. 20. 2 6.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 3 -49.12 -20.72 0. 16. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR MEMBER OFFSETS UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORD 1 0.00 0.50 -25. 0. 24.5 4 6.00 0.00 0.0 -152.00 0.00 0. 9.76 58.52 63 .76 30.07 3 1 3 5 -30. 6. 17.59 -95. 0. 15.71 93.13 0.00 -113. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 14 27.00 0.00 0. 25. 19.76 -30.00 0. 23. 9. 12.00 0. 5 0.00 0. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL LOADING 1 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 3 FX 225.72 -58. 2. 14. 5 FX 112.00 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 0.0 0. 13. 6 5 6 .03 4 1 4 6 30. .50 -337. 9. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.13 25.0 7 END -178. 5.00 0. 11. 3. 6 6.78 -53.00 0.5 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 7/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.25 20.00 0.Example Problem 7 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. .0 0.0 5 6 END -178.00 0.

03 -18.00 0.32 -1.co.co.00 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.76 30.72 -58.Pro.03 -299.32 479.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.63 25.04 7 1 1 4 -479.00 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.95 1.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 5 1 3 4 299.76 0.00 0.03 -51.00 0.00 -52.00 0.com * ************************************************************ .00 0.00 0.00 0.50 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.Application Examples 64 Example Problem 7 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.13 -337.00 0.62 6 1 5 6 58.00 -85.com * * Europe support@bentley.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.Part I .00 0.37 0.95 0.00 0.00 -4.55 -88.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.50 337.59 -9.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 0. PRINT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 2 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 -362.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.61 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 29.com * * Asia support@bentley.72 -30.00 0.37 18.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 30.

live and wind load. 65 . Secondary moments on the columns are obtained through the means of a PDelta analysis. Design calculations consist of computation of reinforcement for beams and columns. namely one for dead plus live load and another with dead.Example Problem 8 Example Problem No. concrete design is performed on some members of a space frame structure. The above example represents a space frame. Two load cases. are considered in the design. and the members are made of concrete. 8 In this example. The input in the next page will show the dimensions of the members.

6 7.) are used as line separators to facilitate input of multiple sets of data on one line.0 ZD 380 IZ 2. 3 11.Application Examples 66 Example Problem 8 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.2 0 . UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used.2 7.4 7. 6 11.Part I .2 . 9 11.119E08 IX 4.0 ZD 300. 0 4 0 0 7.4 3. JOINT COORDINATE 1 0 0 0 .2 0 .119E08 IY 2.4 7. Y and Z coordinates are provided above.4 0 7.6 7. UNIT MMS MEMB PROP 1 2 PRISMATIC YD 300.2 Joint number followed by X.2 7. 8 9 14 8 12 16 15 16 12 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.4 7.2 16 11. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X. 2 5.2 13 5. STAAD SPACE FRAME WITH CONCRETE DESIGN Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 3 2 8 5 5 11 . 9 4 8 13 .6 0 10 0 3.409E09 IY 1. 6 11 15 .2 .4 3. 5 5. 10 12 16 .6 0 . 9 7 .2 . 15 5. Y and Z coordinates. 14 11.596E08 IY 3. 12 11.4 7.237E08 3 TO 10 PR YD 300.6 0 .2 7 0 3. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 7 . 19 20 13 15 .0 IZ 2.596E08 – IX 5. 18 8 11 .4 0 7.4 0 0 . Semicolon signs (.6 7. 11 13 10 11 14 . 15 13 14 17 7 10 . 2 4 10 . 11 5.4 0.324E08 11 TO 21 PR YD 535.2 .229E09 – IX 2.4 3. 8 5.0 IZ 3.704E09 . 7 3 9 6 12 .4 3. 21 14 16 .

Moments of Inertia. IY) and torsional constant (IX) are provided.4DL + 1. etc. If ZD is not provided. are calculated automatically from these dimensions unless these are explicitly defined. The IX.4 The selfweight of the structure is applied in the global Y direction with a -1. All properties required for the analysis. The built-in value for Poisson’s ratio for concrete will be used in the analysis. Since global Y is vertically upward. 67 . YD and ZD stand for depth and width. Area.4 factor. For this particular example. CONSTANT E 21. etc. such as. Density. a circular shape with diameter = YD is assumed for that cross section. SELF Y -1. moments of inertia (IZ.56 ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). Poisson’s ratio. Length unit is changed from MM to METER to facilitate input for DENsity. SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED Joints 1 to 6 are fixed supports. LOAD 1 (1.Example Problem 8 All member properties are provided using the PRISMATIC option. so these will not be re-calculated. and IZ values provided in this example are only half the values of a full section to account for the fact that the full moments of inertia will not be effective due to cracking of concrete. IY.7LL) Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.0 ALL POISSON CONC ALL UNIT METER CONSTANT DEN 23. the negative factor indicates that this load will act downwards.

The analysis type is P-DELTA indicating that second-order effects are to be calculated.0 11 TO 16 UNI Y -76. REPEAT LOAD 1 0. Y indicates that the load is in the local Y direction. multiply them with a factor of 0.Part I .Application Examples 68 Example Problem 8 MEMB LOAD 11 TO 16 UNI Y -42.7WL) Load case 2 is initiated followed by a title.0 10 FZ 40. PRINT FORCES LIST 2 5 9 14 16 Member end forces are printed using the above PRINT commands.0 11 FZ 90.0 Load 2 contains some additional joint loads also.0 12 FZ 70.75 and utilize the resulting values in load 2. The LIST option restricts the print output to the members listed. PDELTA ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.75 The above command will gather the load data values from load case 1.4DL + 1.75 (1. . JOINT LOAD 15 16 FZ 40. LOAD 2 .5 Load 1 contains member loads also. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load.7LL + 1. FZ indicates that the load is a force in the global Z direction.

END CONCRETE DESIGN This will end the concrete design. MAXMAIN indicates that the maximum size of main reinforcement is the 40 mm bar. DESIGN COLUMN 2 5 The above command instructs the program to design columns 2 and 5 for axial load and biaxial bending. DESIGN BEAM 14 16 The above command instructs the program to design beams 14 and 16 for flexure. The TRACK value dictates the extent of design related information provided in the output. 69 . Design is performed per the BS 8110 Code. These parameters are described in the manual where British concrete design related information is available. shear and torsion.0 MEMB 14 TRACK 2. CODE BRITISH TRACK 1.0 MEMB 16 MAXMAIN 40 ALL The values for the concrete design parameters are defined in the above commands.Example Problem 8 START CONCRETE DESIGN The above command initiates a concrete design. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.

704E09 CONSTANT E 21. 9.2 . 7. 0 4 0 0 7.4DL + 1. PRINT FORCES LIST 2 5 2.4 0 7.7LL) SELF Y -1. 11. 6 11.4 7. 2. 16 15 16 17 7 10 .6 7.4 MEMB LOAD 11 TO 16 UNI Y -42.0 ZD 300.0 10 FZ 40.229E09 IX 2.4 7.4 7.4DL + 1.6 0 . 34.0 IZ 3.4 0. 43. 18.2 7.56 ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED LOAD 1 (1. 22. 33. 2 5. 19. 3 11.4 3. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.2 0 . 3 2 8 . 32. 12 11.596E08 IX 5.596E08 IY 3. 2 4 10 .2 .7LL + 1. 4. 42.6 7.4 7. 30. 12.75 JOINT LOAD 15 16 FZ 40.4 3. STAAD SPACE FRAME WITH CONCRETE DESIGN UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATE 1 0 0 0 .0 11 TO 16 UNI Y -76. 3. 6 11 15 .5 LOAD 2 .2 16 11.0 PDELTA ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 21/ 6 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 47. 15 5. 7 3 9 . 14.0 12 FZ 70. 23. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 9 14 16 60 . 13.4 0 0 . 16.2 . 46. 40.75 (1. 10. 39.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 20. 8 9 14 9 6 12 .119E08 IY 2. 36. 21 14 16 UNIT MMS MEMB PROP 1 2 PRISMATIC YD 300.4 3. 27. 18 8 11 .2 . 31. 45. 8. 29.119E08 IX 4.4 3. 25. 15. 28.2 7. 10 12 16 . 5.2 7 0 3. 4 8 13 5 5 11 .Part I .0 11 FZ 90. 15 13 14 .6 0 . 14 11.6 7. 41. 5 5.0 IZ 2.237E08 3 TO 10 PR YD 300. 26.324E08 11 TO 21 PR YD 535. 35. 9 11. 6.0 ZD 380 IZ 2.7WL) REPEAT LOAD 1 0. 21.Application Examples 70 Example Problem 8 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 ALL POISSON CONC ALL UNIT METER CONSTANT DEN 23.4 0 7.6 0 10 0 3. 19 9 12 20 13 15 .2 0 .409E09 IY 1. 24. 11 5. 8 5.2 13 5. Intl.2 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 7 . 11 7 8 12 13 10 11 14 . 17. 44. 37. 38.

85 -4.58 -2.51 34.00 1.00 0.78 316.60 -1007.06 -293.99 -65.28 50.63 33. 53.98 12.70 56.63 -34.63 6 12 6 12 758.66 -12.16 3.54 5 11 5 11 1289.93 11 12 11 12 -40.73 378.00 0.99 2 5 1 2 9 1 2 14 1 2 16 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 48.26 -1.62 497.88 57.00 0.77 -65. CODE BRITISH PROGRAM CODE REVISION V1.79 0.32 -1.57 7.00 0.63 11.21 -0.93 -6. 52.80 1015.10 -104.19 620.38 -15.55 105. START CONCRETE DESIGN 49.Example Problem 8 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.28 -34.67 243.45 326.67 279.42 6.86 2.77 -142.0 MEMB 14 TRACK 2. TRACK 1.65 111.00 0.38 18.13 19.73 -45.23 15.81 236.04 -4.92 -2.00 0.13 0.26 0.32 3.00 -1.01 0.16 0.31 6.79 31. 51.51 15 16 15 16 61.0 MEMB 16 MAXMAIN 40 ALL DESIGN BEAM 14 16 71 .99 2.00 0.23 -9.64 112.13 3.13 0.62 0.36 -0.00 45.85 2.00 0.64 4.14 -612.5_8110_97/1 50.00 1.77 2.97 0.92 -0.66 -2.56 -18.03 -0.76 0.66 124.63 40.84 21.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 2 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 10 4 10 302.18 122.51 -42.13 -1.97 65.23 -2.98 -19.62 -124.64 -2.16 -0.77 375.00 -11.46 372.00 2.89 -5.36 0.03 -0.87 -748.07 -7.95 141.48 -1278.77 283.75 -23.03 -0.03 1.86 -31.65 -20.51 434.16 65.00 -61.72 -93.86 -237.

mm | |----------------------------------------------------------------| 2 487.|740. mm.77 KN-M AT 0. 4.460.ROWMN=0.X 535_____________________ 12J____ | ===============|| ||===================== 7No12 H 497. mm 14 D E S I G N FY .0067.32 MM 0. 7.0035. mm | |----------------------------------------------------------------| B E A M N O. ROWMX=0.0400.Application Examples 72 Example Problem 8 ==================================================================== B E A M LEN - N O.12 MM (REQD.8 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 26 | 80 mm | | 2001 3502 mm | 184. ROWMX=0.0013 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 164.0013 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 183.4 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 6 | 250 mm | | 3500 5000 mm | 191. STEEL= 338. mm2.X 380. mm | |----------------------------------------------------------------| 3 497./ 37.0400.0400. FC . ROW=0.09 KN-M AT 3500.2 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 6 | 249 mm | | 5000 END 2 | 316.77 KN-M AT 6000. mm2.4740.0013 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 190. SHEAR | LOAD | LINKS | NO.Part I . 6000. 1760. NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL POS MOMENT= 257./ 147. SQ. ROW=0. YES NO COMP. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 1353.4 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 9 | 125 mm | |----------------------------------------------------------------| ___ 11J____________________ 6000. mm2. 6000. X FLEXURE 535.0155. 5./ 58. mm. R E S U L T S SIZE - 380. NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 142.| |0. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 707.TO 1760 | | | | | | | | | | 26*8 c/c 80 | | | | | | 9*8 c/c125| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 5No20 H |35.ROWMN=0.12 MM 4740. mm LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR mm mm mm STA END ------------------------------------------------------------------1 35./ 37. ROW=0. 3. | SPACING C/C | |----------------|------------|------|-------|-----|-------------| | END 1 2001 mm | 434. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 3155./ 41.TO|6000 | | 4No32 H 487. MM) |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 497.30. mm. 14 D E S I G N R E S U L T S - SHEAR PROVIDE SHEAR LINKS AS FOLLOWS |----------------------------------------------------------------| | FROM . ROWMX=0.ROWMN=0.20 MM 740.TO | MAX.TO 6000 | | | | | | | | | | ==================================================================|| |___________________________________________________________________________| ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ | | | | | | | | | ooooooo | | OOOO | | OOOO | | | | | | 7T12 | | 4T32 | | 4T32 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 5T20 | | 5T20 | | 5T20 | | 5T20 | | | | ooooo | | ooooo | | ooooo | | ooooo | |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| ./ 45. 6000.

3000. SHEAR | LOAD | LINKS | NO.62 0.2/ 2064.6 0.00 0.00 0. DESIGN COLUMN 2 5 73 .96/ 174.30.TO | MAX.TO|6000 | | | | | | | | | | | | | 26*8 c/c 80 26*8 c/c 80| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 4No32 H 41. 4500.0 0.TO 760 4No16 H 495.5240.27/ 430. 497. 1000.00 124.0/ 2571. 6000.0 0. MM ) 0. 500.0 0.5 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 26 | 80 mm | | 2001 3001 mm | 128.X 535_____________________ 16J____ ||======== =========|| | 7No12 H 497. 3500.8 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 26 | 80 mm | |----------------------------------------------------------------| ___ 15J____________________ 6000.0 0.0 611.12/ 370. 6000.00/ 31.00 0.00/ 16 D E S I G N 141.Example Problem 8 ==================================================================== B E A M LEN - N O. mm LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR mm mm mm STA END ------------------------------------------------------------------1 2 3 41.22/ 364. 1500.0/ 700.0 0.00 0.90/ 413.460. 5000. 2500.62/ 46. 5240.1/ 1527. 6000. 2000. 4000.3/ 876. 495. 6000.0 0.19/ 0.1 N O.55 R E S U L T S - YES YES NO YES NO YES LOAD(+VE/-VE) 0/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 0/ 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 SHEAR PROVIDE SHEAR LINKS AS FOLLOWS |----------------------------------------------------------------| | FROM .24/ 285.9/ 2105. R E S U L T S SIZE - 380.1 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 4 | 249 mm | | 3000 4000 mm | 122. 5500. MOMENTS(+VE/-VE) (KN-METER) 0.8/ 264.3/ 0. B E A M 0.75/ 185.0/ 264. mm 16 D E S I G N FY .2/ 2432. | SPACING C/C | |----------------|------------|------|-------|-----|-------------| | END 1 2001 mm | 378.00 0.16 MM REQUIRED REINF.00 0. 0.TO 6000 | | | | | | ||=========================================================================|| |___________________________________________________________________________| ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ | ooooooo | | | | | | | | oooo | | 7T12 | | | | | | | | 4T16 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 4T32 | | 4T32 | | 4T32 | | 4T32 | | 4T32 | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| ********************END OF BEAM DESIGN************************** 54.0 0.0 0.32 MM 7. 0.00 0. FC . 0.00 0. 4.59/ 293.0 0.6/ 1581.34/ 416. 0.12 MM 4.00 0. X FLEXURE 535.4 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 4 | 249 mm | | 4000 END 2 | 372. STEEL SUMMARY : ------------------------------SECTION REINF STEEL(+VE/-VE) ( MM ) (SQ.X 380.4/ 938. 760.00 0.0 0.9/ 2454.

MM.co.com * ************************************************************ . BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT. MM.460.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. N O. MM. MM DIAMETER SQ. LOAD LOCATION ---------------------------------------------------8 16 MM 2.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley. X 300. SQ.244 2 EACH END (ARRANGE COLUMN REINFORCEMENTS SYMMETRICALLY) ==================================================================== C O L U M N FY .Part I . R E S U L T S 300.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley. LOAD LOCATION ---------------------------------------------------8 20 MM 2.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. 2 FC . END CONCRETE DESIGN 56.Pro.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * * * North America support@bentley.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.com * * Europe support@bentley. BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.co.793 2 EACH END (PROVIDE EQUAL NUMBER OF BARS AT EACH FACE) ********************END OF COLUMN DESIGN RESULTS******************** 55.Application Examples 74 Example Problem 8 ==================================================================== C O L U M N FY .460. FC -30.com * * Asia support@bentley. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley. R E S U L T S 300.co.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.30. N/MM2 D E S I G N CIRC SIZE AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 1586. N/MM2 5 D E S I G N SQRE SIZE - AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 2499.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley. N O.

Example Problem 9 Example Problem No. Concrete design of an element is performed. 75 . 9 The space frame structure in this example consists of frame members and finite elements (plates). The finite element part is used to model floor slabs and a shear wall.

The second line forms the title to identify this project.5 4.5 4. UNIT METER NEWTON The units for the data that follows are specified above. 9 38 39 . Y and Z axes.5 4.Part I . JOINT COORD 1000.5 4.5 6 12 1. 10 39 22 11 5 29 .375 6 The joint numbers and their coordinates are defined through the above set of commands. 4 34 35 .2006 REP ALL 2 6 0 0 7 0 4.5 0 15 1.5 0 22 6 4.5 6 34 6 1.5 6 29 12 4.125 0 36 6 3. 2 2 11 3 3 34 .Application Examples 76 Example Problem 9 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.5 4. MEMBER INCI *COLUMNS 1 1 7 .5 4. 6 36 18 7 4 37 . 5 35 36 .375 0 37 6 1. Users may refer to section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual where the joint coordinate generation facilities are described.5 0 11 0 4. 12 6 33 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=0 .5 0 33 12 4.5 0 14 4.5 0 26 7. The automatic generation facility has been used several times in the above lines. 8 37 38 .5 6 18 6 4.5 6 28 10.5 4. STAAD SPACE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM WITH FRAME MEMBERS AND FINITE ELEMENTS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.5 6 23 7.125 6 39 6 3. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.5 4.5 6 17 4.5 0 25 10.

35 16 17 . Our goal is to define the slab and the wall as several plate/shell elements. In other cases. For some members. 34 15 16 . 32 25 29 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 12. DEFINE MESH A JOINT 7 B JOINT 11 C JOINT 22 D JOINT 18 E JOINT 33 F JOINT 29 G JOINT 3 H JOINT 4 The above lines define the nodes of super-elements.0 33 11 15 . 26 12 13 . 36 17 22 37 22 26 . 30 23 24 .Example Problem 9 13 7 8 16 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=6. 27 13 14 . 28 14 18 29 18 23 . 40 28 33 The member incidences are defined through the above set of commands. Section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual describes these facilities in detail. 39 27 28 . the points describe the outer corners of a slab and that of a shear wall. Superelements are plate/shell surfaces from which a number of individual plate/shell elements can be generated. In this case. the member number followed by the start and end joint numbers are defined. STAAD's automatic generation facilities are utilized.0 17 18 19 20 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=12.0 21 29 30 24 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 0 25 7 12 . 38 26 27 . GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 4 4 MESH DCEF 4 4 MESH DCHG 4 4 77 . 31 24 25 .

. B. the command MESH ABCD 4 4 means that STAAD has to generate 16 elements from the surface formed by the points A. C and D with 4 elements along the edges AB & CD and 4 elements along the edges BC & DA. ELEM PROP 41 TO 88 TH 150 Elements 41 to 88 are defined to be 150 mm thick. For example.Part I .m.Application Examples 78 Example Problem 9 The above lines form the instructions to generate individual 4noded elements from the super-element profiles. UNIT KNS METER LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD FROM FLOOR ELEMENT LOAD 41 TO 72 PRESSURE -10. CONSTANT E 21000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity and Poisson’s ratio are defined above for all the members and elements following the keyword CONSTANT.0 Load 1 consists of a pressure load of 10 KNS/sq. intensity on elements 41 to 72. UNIT MMS MEMB PROP 1 TO 40 PRIS YD 300 ZD 300 Members 1 to 40 are defined as a rectangular prismatic section with 300 mm depth and 300 mm width. The negative sign (and the default value for the axis) indicates that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of the element local z-axis. SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED Joints 1 to 6 are defined as fixed supported.

3 times load case 2.9 2 1. FINI The STAAD run is terminated. LOAD COMB 3 1 0.Example Problem 9 LOAD 2 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 11 33 FZ -90. 22 and 33. LOAD LIST 1 3 PRINT SUPP REAC PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 27 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 47 Support reactions. START CONCRETE DESIGN CODE BRITISH DESIGN ELEMENT 47 END CONCRETE DESIGN The above set of command form the instructions to STAAD to perform a concrete design on element 47. Note that design will consist only of flexural reinforcement calculations in the longitudinal and transverse directions of the elements for the moments MX and MY. PERFORM ANALYSIS The command to perform an elastic analysis is specified above. members forces and element stresses are printed for load cases 1 and 3.9 times load case 1 and 1. Load 2 consists of joint loads in the Z direction at joints 11.3 Load 3 is a combination of 0. 22 FZ -450. 79 . Design is done according to the British code.

Application Examples 80 Example Problem 9 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.5 0 26 7. 34 15 16 .Part I .5 4. 41. 47.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 8. 21. 24.5 4. 7. 40. 12 6 33 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=0 13 7 8 16 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=6. 2 2 11 3 3 34 . 36. 55.125 0 36 6 3. 35. 16. 2. 35 16 17 .5 6 28 10. 20. 28.5 6 18 6 4. 49. 25. 5 35 36 . 2 0 0 6 REP ALL 2 6 0 0 7 0 4.5 0 14 4. 9. 53. STAAD SPACE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM WITH FRAME MEMBERS AND FINITE ELEMENTS UNIT METER NEWTON JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 . 31.5 6 12 1. 54. 18. 26. 27 13 14 .5 0 15 1. 12. 10. 38. 40 28 33 DEFINE MESH A JOINT 7 B JOINT 11 C JOINT 22 D JOINT 18 E JOINT 33 F JOINT 29 G JOINT 3 H JOINT 4 GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 4 4 MESH DCEF 4 4 MESH DCHG 4 4 UNIT MMS MEMB PROP 1 TO 40 PRIS YD 300 ZD 300 ELEM PROP 41 TO 88 TH 150 CONSTANT E 21000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT . 26 12 13 .5 4. 43. 30 23 24 . 45.0 33 11 15 . 39.5 6 34 6 1.5 6 17 4. 22.5 6 29 12 4. 39 27 28 . 32 25 29 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 12.5 6 23 7. 8 37 38 . 46.5 4. 42.0 17 18 19 20 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=12. 4 34 35 . 19. 3.0 21 29 30 24 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 0 25 7 12 . 36 17 22 37 22 26 .375 0 37 6 1. 15. 6. 6 36 18 7 4 37 . 44.5 0 33 12 4. 4. 17. 31 24 25 . Intl. 52. 28 14 18 29 18 23 . 27.125 6 39 6 3.5 0 25 10. 23. 38 26 27 . 50. 13.5 4.5 4. 33. 37. 48. 51. 34. 5. 14. 11. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 30.375 6 MEMBER INCI *COLUMNS 1 1 7 . 10 39 22 11 5 29 .5 0 11 0 4.5 4. 9 38 39 . 29. 32.5 0 22 6 4.5 4.

47 -9.43 791. 66.38 -7.00 0.88 -10.00 -8.72 0.04 -12. LOAD LIST 1 3 69.Example Problem 9 56.0 LOAD 2 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 11 33 FZ -90. 57.94 -10.77 -15.19 10. 61.67 22.04 12.9 2 1.29 68.18 -7.76 10.62 3.07 -67.11 -11.18 -7.32 74.29 74.38 -7.19 11.00 0.15 74.88 0.00 -0.77 6. 64.00 0. 65.53 12.57 10.65 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 71.05 0.72 6.94 11.00 0.18 7.47 8.00 0.57 -0.18 7. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 47 81 .06 0.29 -6.42 10.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 27 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 13 14 13 14 0.88 -10.67 -0.23 -12. 63.06 15.47 17.53 31.42 211. 58.53 0. LOAD COMB 3 1 0.67 10.29 0.38 10.29 0.19 -11. 62.68 211.99 0.00 -0.51 3.05 0.77 -15.19 -10.00 0.76 336.99 1 2 3 4 5 6 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 70.06 -0. 1 TO 6 FIXED UNIT KNS METER LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD FROM FLOOR ELEMENT LOAD 41 TO 72 PRESSURE -10.29 65. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 378 68.11 -22. 67.29 68.75 15. PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 27 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.47 -8.55 -21.47 17.00 0.88 -10. PRINT SUPP REAC SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 8.43 -411.00 0.75 67.77 -6. 60.00 12.23 0.47 -9.05 0.00 0.3 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 69/ 88/ 6 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.76 476.29 65.00 0.32 74. 59.38 10.00 0. 22 FZ -450.05 0.00 0.71 -19.

2 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 3.16mm BARS AT 150mm C/C = 1206mm2/metre FY=250. CODE BRITISH PROGRAM CODE REVISION V1.32 SMAX= 3666.85 3705. PRACTICAL LAYOUTS ARE AS FOLLOWS: FY=460.22 SMIN= -3479.35 / 0 1 ***************************END OF ELEMENT DESIGN************************** 75.18 3149.15 3310. REINF (mm2/m) 195.79 SMIN= -3705.87 TMAX= SMIN= 2648. START CONCRETE DESIGN 73.60 SMAX= -2369. 4No.51 3479.99 0. END CONCRETE DESIGN . MOM-X /LOAD (kN-m/m) 0.7 509. DESIGN ELEMENT 47 ELEMENT DESIGN SUMMARY-BASED ON 16mm BARS ----------------------------------------MINIMUM AREAS ARE ACTUAL CODE MIN % REQUIREMENTS.44 / 0 1 TRANS.52 -10.07 TMAX= 4.09 -46.76 ANGLE= ANGLE= 26.00 / -13.5 7. REINF (mm2/m) 195.35 -16.60 TMAX= SMIN= 2487.96 3078.705871E+03 PLATE NO.5_8110_97/1 74.44 3278. 301.4 -11.07 519.77 ANGLE= 20. 205.99 -59.16mm BARS AT 250mm C/C = 804mm2/metre ELEMENT 47 TOP : BOTT: LONG.Part I .85 3666. 6No.82 1.70 TMAX= MXY SXY -13.79 3 14.37 -11.54 2876.00 / -10.550358E+02 47 3 3.22 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX MY SY 4.52 SMAX= 3149.34 555.Application Examples 82 Example Problem 9 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.666786E+03 -3. 47 47 CASE NO.04 330.705871E+03 47 1 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 72.36 ANGLE= 20. MOM-Y /LOAD (kN-m/m) 0.LENGTH UNITS= KNS METE STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.310847E+03 47 1 3.87 SMAX= -2666. 1 1 5.27 5.17 -9. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 47 1 TOP : BOTT: TOP : BOTT: SQX VONT TRESCAT 17.92 180.

Example Problem 9 76.co.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * ************************************************************ 83 . please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.co.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.co.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.com * * Europe support@bentley.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * Asia support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.Pro.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * * * * North America support@bentley.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.

Part I .Application Examples 84 Example Problem 9 NOTES .

Water pressure from inside is used as loading for the tank. Reinforcement calculations have been done for some elements.Example Problem 10 Example Problem No. 10 A tank structure is modeled with four-noded plate elements. Tank Model Deflected Shape 85 .

0.5. REPEAT 4 -1. The number following the REPEAT command is the number of repetitions to be carried out. 0. This is followed by X.5. 83 1. 0.5. REPEAT 3 0. REPEAT 4 0. 0.5. 0.5. 6. Y and Z coordinate increments.Application Examples 86 Example Problem 10 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. This is explained in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual. 1. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF TANK * STRUCTURE Every input has to start with the word STAAD. REPEAT 2 1. 5 0. –1. Joint number followed by X.Part I .5. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 0. 4. 81 1. 1. 0.5. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame (3-D) structure. 0. 0.5. REPEAT 4 1. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 7 6 TO 4 1 1 REPEAT 14 4 5 61 76 77 2 1 TO 64 1 1 65 1 6 81 76 66 76 81 82 71 67 71 82 83 66 68 66 83 56 61 69 6 11 84 81 70 81 84 85 82 71 82 85 86 83 72 83 86 51 56 73 11 16 87 84 74 84 87 88 85 . 0. UNITS METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used.5. 0. 0. The REPEAT command generates joint coordinates by repeating the pattern of the previous line of joint coordinates. 0.

The REPEAT command generates element incidences by repeating the pattern of the previous line of element nodes. This is explained in detail in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual. 6. 11. The number following the REPEAT command is the number of repetitions to be carried out and that is followed by element and joint number increments.0 87 .0 mm THick. UNIT METER LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 4 TO 64 BY 4 PR 50.0 ALL POISSON CONC ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided following the keyword CONSTANTS.0 3 TO 63 BY 4 PR 100.Example Problem 10 75 76 77 78 79 80 85 86 16 87 88 89 88 89 21 26 31 36 89 46 26 31 36 41 86 51 87 88 89 46 Element connectivities are input as above by providing the element number followed by joint numbers defining the element. up to 76.0 Element properties are provided by specifying that the elements are 200. SUPPORT 1 TO 76 BY 5 81 TO 89 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at the joints listed above. etc. UNIT MMS ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 80 TH 200. The expression “1 TO 76 BY 5” means 1. CONSTANTS E 21. No moments will be carried by these supports.

e. UNIT MMS PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 5 25 45 65 PRINT ELEM FORCE LIST 9 TO 16 Joint displacements for a selected set of nodes and element corner forces for some elements are written in the output file as a result of the above commands. In STAAD.Part I . END CONCRETE DESIGN Terminates the concrete design operation.0 1 TO 61 BY 4 PR 200. CODE BRITISH DESIGN SLAB 9 12 Slabs (i. It consists of element loads in the form of uniform PRessure acting along the local z-axis. The LIST option restricts the print output to that for the joints/elements listed. START CONCRETE DESIGN The above command initiates concrete design. The forces printed are in the global directions at the nodes of the elements.Application Examples 88 Example Problem 10 2 TO 62 BY 4 PR 150. . elements) 9 and 12 will be designed and the reinforcement requirements obtained.0 Load case 1 is initiated. elements are typically designed for the moments MX and MY at the centroid of the element. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.

38. 4. 46. 6. 2. UNIT MMS 49. 0. 5. 35. 8. 0. 45.5 83 1.5 REPEAT 2 1.5 81 1. 6. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 5 25 45 65 459 89 .0 3 TO 63 BY 4 PR 100. 0. 0. 20. 27. 24. 39. 23.5 0. 14. 7. 15.5 0. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 7 6 TO 4 1 1 REPEAT 14 4 5 61 76 77 2 1 TO 64 1 1 65 1 6 81 76 66 76 81 82 71 67 71 82 83 66 68 66 83 56 61 69 6 11 84 81 70 81 84 85 82 71 82 85 86 83 72 83 86 51 56 73 11 16 87 84 74 84 87 88 85 75 85 88 89 86 76 86 89 46 51 77 16 21 26 87 78 87 26 31 88 79 88 31 36 89 80 89 36 41 46 UNIT MMS ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 80 TH 200. 13. 10. 29. 37. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF TANK * STRUCTURE UNITS METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 16. 11. 30. 17.5 0. 43. 9. 41. 25.Example Problem 10 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 18. -1. REPEAT 3 0. 4. 40.0 CONSTANTS E 21. 0. 36. 42. 3. 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 48. 26. 21.5 REPEAT 4 -1. 32. 34.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 89/ 80/ 25 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 44. 31. 19.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. REPEAT 4 1. 1. 0.5 0. 0. 33.0 2 TO 62 BY 4 PR 150. 28. 0. 12.0 ALL POISSON CONC ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 76 BY 5 81 TO 89 PINNED UNIT METER LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 4 TO 64 BY 4 PR 50.5 0. 22. 47. REPEAT 4 0. Intl.0 1 TO 61 BY 4 PR 200. 5 0.

2181E+02 2.9361E+02 1.2919E+01 -1.2581E+04 -1.0002 0.7391E+04 .0566E+05 4.6957E+04 20 -1.8717E+04 -2.0000 0.0006 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS X-ROTAN -0.8110E+01 -7.5252E+04 24 1.0959E+04 1.2741E+02 -2.1068E+04 -5.5180E+04 17 -3.0931E+05 2.3740E+01 6.6342E+04 1.8259E+04 18 2.8249E+04 -5.3809E+01 1.0370E+05 6.8792E+02 6.1350E+05 5.1804E+02 -5.1163E+03 -2.6646E+01 -1.3445E+02 -1.9615E+05 4.1528E+01 -1.5597E+01 -1.8019E+01 1.1780E+00 -4.4377E+04 4.4279E+04 ELE.3487E+04 5.0002 -0.0000 0.0552E+01 -7.3829E+02 -2.6502E+02 -7.0499E+05 -6.0006 0.3068E+00 -1.3390E+04 5.2121E+02 -1.1943E+04 2.0002 -0.NO.7426E+04 2.4820E+05 5.5252E+04 1.0357E+01 -2.7286E+01 -7.4535E+04 -4.4563E+01 -6.4213E+00 -1.4018E+01 2. 11 FOR LOAD CASE 1 13 -2.2229E+05 5.0002 -0.3119E+02 5.6525E+05 -3.7932E+02 -6.1372E+04 ELE.4265E+02 MMS MX MY MZ 1 1.5236E+04 18 2.4616E+02 -1.0814E+01 1.4535E+04 4.8717E+04 25 1.3363E+01 1.NO.1780E+00 -1.3437E+01 8.3868E+04 15 -1.3646E+04 6.5288E+04 1.5202E+00 -1.6686E+02 -2.3346E+04 1.6418E+02 2.4860E+02 -5.6895E+02 1.2151E+04 1.2387E+01 8.7652E+04 13 -2.4411E+02 5.3106E+02 2.9853E+04 -1.5720E+04 ELE.6896E+01 1.4843E+02 4.2219E+02 1. 16 FOR LOAD CASE 1 19 -1.0103 -0.9770E+04 1.NO.1969E+05 18 -2.9002E+02 -1.6273E+02 6.6044E+04 -4.6183E+04 -2.9905E+04 1.7875E+02 -1.0002 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 50.7927E+04 ELE.3355E+02 1.9661E+04 1.4404E+02 4.4563E+01 -2.8019E+01 1.7299E+04 1.0103 0.8697E+02 -1. 10 FOR LOAD CASE 1 12 -1.3215E+04 23 2.3039E+02 -1.0002 0.8428E+01 1.4028E+01 3.1533E+04 23 2.0000 0.0833E+05 4.1267E+04 1.Part I .6885E+01 -6.9905E+04 1.9439E+05 -4.5797E+02 4. 13 FOR LOAD CASE 1 16 -1.4697E+04 19 2.1918E-06 -2.0006 0.4213E+00 6.2522E+04 1.0103 0.4951E+02 3.0983E+04 -5.5610E+04 -2.5139E+01 -6.LENGTH UNITS= KNS GLOBAL CORNER FORCES JOINT FX FY FZ ELE.8137E+02 5.4809E+04 22 1.2673E+05 -1.0284E+05 -5.3732E+04 2.0103 0.8790E+05 -6.0103 -0.9015E+04 20 1.NO.3170E+05 -4.9044E+04 4.6418E+02 -2.0020E+04 21 -4.NO.7008E+04 6. PRINT ELEM FORCE LIST 9 TO 16 ELEMENT FORCES -------------- FORCE.6725E+01 -3.3985E+01 7.3665E+04 24 1.NO.6136E+01 -6.9154E+04 2.0103 0.8741E+03 -3.0227E-04 9.3753E+01 1.7388E+04 14 -2.4029E+04 5.0527E+02 -8.0000 Z-ROTAN -0.0396E+04 19 -2.8359E+01 -5.0140E+04 ELE.8154E+02 12 -8.0002 Y-ROTAN 0. 15 FOR LOAD CASE 1 18 -2.4207E+04 6.4444E+04 -4.4106E+01 -6.3228E+01 3.0980E+03 -4. 12 FOR LOAD CASE 1 14 -1.4829E-06 1.0002 0.6292E+04 ELE.7545E+02 1.6136E+01 -7.0392E+04 ELE.NO.Application Examples 90 Example Problem 10 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 5 25 45 65 LOAD 1 1 1 1 X-TRANS RADIANS) Y-TRANS -0.6211E+05 5.5632E+02 17 1.0854E+01 5.1796E+01 -1.5288E+04 19 1.3267E+01 -2.0868E+04 7.6896E+01 8.0103 0.0826E+03 -5.5563E+01 -2.9661E+04 5.6331E+04 1.0444E+04 22 2.1714E+04 -5.0006 0.0103 0.8931E+01 -1.5470E+01 1.1978E+04 17 1.1115E+02 8. 14 FOR LOAD CASE 1 17 -2.6709E+04 -5.8125E+01 8.NO.3157E+02 -1.1198E+02 3.6568E+01 -1.5470E+01 2.0999E+02 -3.6342E+04 1.3096E+04 2.2736E+04 3.6787E+02 16 2.0044E+02 -3.8422E+02 2.4179E+01 -1.2142E+01 2. 9 FOR LOAD CASE 11 -8.5280E+02 -5.2661E+02 -8.

25. REINF (mm2/m) MOM-X /LOAD (kN-m/m) TRANS.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.16mm BARS AT 150mm C/C = 1206mm2/metre FY=250. REINF (mm2/m) MOM-Y /LOAD (kN-m/m) 9 TOP : BOTT: 260. 0.Example Problem 10 51.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 / 1 0 12 TOP : BOTT: 260.21 / 0. CODE BRITISH PROGRAM CODE REVISION V1.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * ************************************************************ 91 . 0.com * * Asia support@bentley. 260.00 / 1 0 ***************************END OF ELEMENT DESIGN************************** 54.co.43 / 0 1 1570. PRACTICAL LAYOUTS ARE AS FOLLOWS: FY=460.51 / 0 1 387.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.5_8110_97/1 53.co.00 / -0.00 / -24. 6No.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. 260.16mm BARS AT 250mm C/C = 804mm2/metre ELEMENT LONG.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.23 / 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * * * North America support@bentley. 260.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.Pro.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley. 90. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD. 4No. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley. END CONCRETE DESIGN 55. 341. START CONCRETE DESIGN 52. DESIGN SLAB 9 12 ELEMENT DESIGN SUMMARY-BASED ON 16mm BARS ----------------------------------------MINIMUM AREAS ARE ACTUAL CODE MIN % REQUIREMENTS.

Part I .Application Examples 92 Example Problem 10 NOTES .

11 Dynamic analysis (Response Spectrum) is performed for a steel structure. The combined results are then used for steel design.Example Problem 11 Example Problem No. Results of a static and dynamic analysis are combined. 93 .

Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 3 3 5 .0 .0 .0 0.0 0.0 .0 6. 4 6. Semicolon signs (.0 0. UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used. 2 6.0 0.0 0. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 .0 0.0 3. in this case.Part I .0 Joint number followed by X. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. Since this is a plane structure.0 3 0. .) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. 2 2 4 .0 6. zeros.0 3. SUPPORTS 1 2 FIXED Fixed supports are specified at joints 1 and 2.Application Examples 94 Example Problem 11 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.0 5 0. 4 4 6 5 3 4 . The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. 6 5 6 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.0 0. MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 4 TA ST UC254X254X73 5 TA ST UB305X165X54 6 TA ST UB203X133X30 Properties for all members are assigned from the British steel table. 6 6. The word ST stands for standard single section. STAAD PLANE RESPONSE SPECTRUM ANALYSIS Every input has to start with the word STAAD. the Z coordinates are all the same.0 0.

the length unit is changed to METER for specifying distributed member loads. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction while Y indicates local Y direction. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 2 The number of mode shapes to be considered in dynamic analysis is set to 2.5 3.0 5 CON GY -25. Without the above command. Poisson’s ratio and DENsity are specified above.0 The above command indicates that the selfweight of the structure acting in the global Y direction is part of this load case. * LOAD 1 WILL BE STATIC LOAD UNIT METER LOAD 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOADS Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GY -25.0 4.5 Load 1 contains member loads also.8 5 CON GY -37.2 5 6 UNI Y -22. hence downwards. The factor of -1.977E-09 ALL Material constants such as E (modulus of elasticity).0 is meant to indicate that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of global Y. A line starting with an asterisk (*) mark indicates a comment line.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 76.Example Problem 11 UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210. Prior to this.0 1. SELFWEIGHT Y -1. Length unit is changed from METER to MMS to facilitate the input. The 95 . this will be set to the default which can be found in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual.

In a SPACE frame. MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GX 25. Y and Z) directions if they are active along all three.5 3.0 The above commands indicate that the selfweight of the structure acting in the global X and Y directions with a factor of 1. LOAD 2 SEISMIC LOADING The two lines which begin with the asterisk are comment lines which tell us the purpose of the next load case.Application Examples 96 Example Problem 11 word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load while CON stands for concentrated load. and hence the resulting mass.5 3.0 5 CON GY 37. is capable of vibration along the global X and Y .0 5 CON GX 25.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. GX and GY indicate that the load. These masses (in terms of loads) will be considered for the eigensolution.0 4.8 5 CON GY 25. Y.Part I .0 1. Permanent masses will be provided in the form of loads.2 5 CON GY 25.0 is taken into consideration for the mass matrix. This will be a dynamic load case. The user has the freedom to restrict one or more directions. Load case 2 is then initiated along with an optional title. GY is followed by the value of the load and the distance at which it is applied. Internally.2 The mass matrix will also consist of terms derived from the above member loads. In a PLANE frame.) of the loads will correspond to the dynamic degrees of freedom in which the masses are capable of vibrating. Z etc. only X and Y directions need to be considered. the program converts these loads to masses. Also.0 1. masses (loads) should be provided in all three (X. * NEXT LOAD WILL BE RESPONSE SPECTRUM LOAD * WITH MASSES PROVIDED IN TERMS OF LOAD. hence it is best to specify them as absolute values (without a negative sign).0 4. the direction (X.8 5 CON GX 37. SELFWEIGHT X 1.

2 2. and hence are absolute numbers. the spectrum data is given as period vs.05 1.0m and 4. 1.5. 0.00 . ABS method. 3.8m.35 0. In both cases.Example Problem 11 directions. Consequently.0. SPECTRUM CQC X 1.60 The above SPECTRUM command specifies that the modal responses be combined using the CQC method (alternatives being the SRSS method. Damping ratio of 0.75 In a response spectrum analysis.75. The word CON stands for concentrated load.05 SCALE 9. the sign of the forces cannot be determined.80 .95 . Load combination case no. 3 consists of the sum of the static load case (1) with the positive direction of the dynamic load case (2). and 25 kNs are located at 1.806 are used. etc. Concentrated forces of 25. the result is factored by 0. Since this spectrum is in terms of ACCeleration (the other possibility being displacement).80 0.5 2.05 (5%) and a scale factor of 9. acceleration. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT MODE SHAPES 97 .0 ACC DAMP 0.75 2 0. it is necessary to create 2 load combination cases. LOAD COMBINATION 3 1 0. to account for the fact that the force could be positive or negative.). 4 consists of the sum of the static load case (1) with the negative direction of the dynamic load case (2).806 0. The spectrum effect is in the global X direction with a factor of 1.0 1.2m from the start of member 5.03 1.75 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. Load combination case no.1 1. 37.75 2 -0. That is what is being done above. The scale factor is the quantity by which spectral accelerations (and spectral displacements) must be multiplied by before they are used in the calculations. The values of periods and the corresponding accelerations are given in the last 3 lines. 0.

PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS Displacements. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. reactions and member forces are recorded in the output file using the above command.Application Examples 98 Example Problem 11 This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.Part I . LOAD LIST 1 3 4 PARAMETER CODE BRITISH SELECT ALL A steel design in the form of a member selection is performed based on the rules of the British code. Only the member forces resulting from load cases 1. 3 and 4 will be considered for these calculations. . The PRINT command instructs the program to print mode shape values.

2. 26. STAAD PLANE RESPONSE SPECTRUM ANALYSIS UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 28.75 2 -0.2 2. 34.0 . 41. 4 4 6 5 3 4 .0 4. 46.0 .8 5 CON GY 25. 50.1 1.0 5 CON GY -25.35 0.80 . 1. 0.00 . 3 3 5 . 2 2 4 . 51.95 .0 3. 27. 3.0 3. 44. 19.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT MODE SHAPES P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER 6/ 2 99 .0 0.5 * NEXT LOAD WILL BE RESPONSE SPECTRUM LOAD * WITH MASSES PROVIDED IN TERMS OF LOAD. 4 6.0 0. 13.5 3.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 . 36. 2 6.0 0.8 5 CON GX 37. 22.0 1.0 0.0 MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GX 25. 37.Example Problem 11 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. Intl.0 1.80 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 5.0 5 CON GX 25. 42.5 3.0 4. 11. 6 6.0 0.0 ACC DAMP 0.5 2.977E-09 ALL CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 2 * LOAD 1 WILL BE STATIC LOAD UNIT METER LOAD 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOADS SELFWEIGHT Y -1.2 SPECTRUM CQC X 1.0 0. 16. 31. 20. 33. 6. 25.75 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. 9.0 5 0. 47.0 1.0 .0 0. 14. 0.5 3.75 2 0. 8.60 LOAD COMBINATION 3 1 0. 23.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 18.05 1. 49. 12.0 0. 35. 17.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 76.0 6. 40.806 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.8 5 CON GY -37. 38. 4.0 5 CON GY 37. 32.2 5 CON GY 25. LOAD 2 SEISMIC LOADING SELFWEIGHT X 1. 39.0 3 0.2 5 6 UNI Y -22.0 4.05 SCALE 9. 6 5 6 MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 4 TA ST UC254X254X73 5 TA ST UB305X165X54 6 TA ST UB203X133X30 SUPPORTS 1 2 FIXED UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210. 10. 30.0 1. 24. 48. 43. 45. 7. 29.03 1. 21. 15.0 6.0 MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GY -25.

00000 0.889152E+01 1.07067 1.07067 -0.00000 0. DYNAMIC WEIGHT X Y Z 9.000E+00 -2.000E+00 -3.889183E+01 MODAL WEIGHT X Y Z 9.000E+00 0.077470E-04 -9.00000 1.00000 0.798E-03 -9.66 .00218 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.00000 -0.000000E+00 KNS 0.437 0.00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.Application Examples 100 Example Problem 11 TOTAL NUMBER OF NUMBER OF NUMBER OF PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.17 2.00000 1.000E+00 0.051 266.00 0.00 0.000E+00 0.179 19.000E+00 0.797E-03 MODE X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 2 2 2 2 2 2 0.00000 0.000000E+00 KNS DAMPING ------0.798E-03 -2.00000 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.Part I .05000 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.74097 1.000E+00 0.13 3.00282 0.000E+00 0.863E-03 -2.00 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.742E-03 MODE SHAPES ----------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 RESPONSE LOAD CASE 2 CQC MODAL COMBINATION METHOD USED.00251 -0.000E+00 0.00400 -0.00 0.889183E+01 MISSING WEIGHT X Y Z -3.742E-03 -9.00000 0.00218 -0.00000 0.58328 0.36730 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.00282 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00251 0.590301E-35 MODE ---- ACCELERATION-G -------------- 1 2 2.00000 0.44 FY FZ MX MY 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.00400 0.000000E+00 KNS 0.863E-03 -3.000E+00 0.193 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.19308 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.00 MZ -854.05000 MODAL BASE ACTIONS FORCES IN KNS LENGTH IN METE ----------------------------------------------------------MOMENTS ARE ABOUT THE ORIGIN MODE PERIOD FX 1 2 0.00 0.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = MODES REQUESTED = 2 EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 8 MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 2 12 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 2 5.000E+00 0.05145 MODE SHAPES ----------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 MODE X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.889183E+01 9.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.797E-03 -2.00000 0.58328 1.000E+00 0.00000 0.

0163 4.52 59.00 0.0000 0.0000 -0.00 0.0280 -0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0214 -0.0091 -0.8211 -1.0000 0.57 250.0000 0.0000 0.0104 -0.17 0.0047 -0.0000 0.0283 0.00 183.00 0.8148 -1.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0283 0.00 0.0000 0.0371 0.0017 0.00 -21.00 0.00 0.0022 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 23.0035 -0.89 185.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0035 -0.0000 0.0390 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.000 0.0000 0.0000 0.000 0.0000 0.0000 0.197 100.0000 0.57 250.0000 0.00 0.44 0.0000 0.00 52.00 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.0060 -0.00 0.0042 2.0060 0.0104 -0.0000 0.21 -117.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0017 0.00 266.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.76 21.00 --------------------------266.00 0.000 TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL SRSS 10PCT ABS CQC SHEAR SHEAR SHEAR SHEAR BASE SHEAR IN KNS -----------------X Y 266.0000 0.0371 -0.0091 -0.00 183.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 266.18 0.0144 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.48 133.1560 3.00 0.0047 0.11 171.0163 4.0000 0.89 0.0000 0.09 117.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.40 -203.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.Example Problem 11 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE X Y Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 1 2 98.39 94.0000 0.43 -82.0280 -0.0000 0.00 268.8148 0.00 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 LOAD 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 X-TRANS 0.00 0.48 133.0000 0.0000 0.1560 3.0063 0.0000 Y-ROTAN 0.61 0.00 0.0000 0.18 0.000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0017 0.0022 -0.0000 0.0000 0.09 82.1292 -3.0000 0.11 203.00 0.00 0.18 0.8211 0.0000 0.80 0.52 59.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 98.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.4239 1.0000 0.00 0.39 94.00 0.0000 0.43 185.00 0.00 0.1048 -0.4239 1.0000 0.000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0390 0.0046 0.0000 0.0000 0.40 101 .0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0046 0.1292 RADIANS) Y-TRANS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 2 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0.0063 0.0000 0.0017 0.1048 -3.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0214 -0.21 -23.0000 0.0000 METE Z X-ROTAN 0.0000 0.0000 0.0042 2.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0144 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 2.76 -171.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.20 1.0000 0.

00 0.00 0.03 27.53 -68.13 -46.44 26.12 112.95 8.00 0.28 94.41 148.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 68.00 0.00 0.49 46.09 133.00 0.00 0.00 65.13 69.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 185.42 -52.00 0.00 0.21 -82.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.24 -203.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 197.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 -25.53 47.01 0.00 0.00 0.88 27.00 0.88 27.95 -26.63 -43.00 -15.21 -117.00 0.42 28.00 0.00 0.00 183.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -21.63 8.00 0.07 59.Part I .57 -48.17 203.00 0.09 82.00 0.84 49.03 3.78 -23.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.44 -39.00 0.63 -43.00 0.47 49.00 0.12 15.52 -183.48 133.28 94.00 0.73 47.26 -197. 56.00 0. 54.00 32.00 0.21 0.00 0.42 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 -20.00 -65.48 133.38 9.40 75.00 0.73 -32.10 -58.87 -65.00 0.73 -114.00 0. 55.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.57 48.47 121.00 0.17 171.00 65.70 -44.16 20.84 112.00 0.00 59.78 23.32 69.00 0.09 117.00 0.40 -75.00 0.09 133.07 58.00 0.00 0.03 3.00 0.73 121.12 15.00 0.63 8.87 65.00 0.53 0.13 27.95 39.63 0.00 0.00 0.49 28.00 0.00 0.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 44.00 0.49 46.44 -26.37 59.00 0.00 0.48 23.00 0.00 0.00 0.52 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 185.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.24 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 70.09 43.00 0.00 114.52 -183.00 0.07 59.00 21.48 -23.03 -65.95 8.50 44.70 -44.00 0.49 -28.89 -181.01 -39.63 43.85 250.00 0.43 82.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 -32.00 0.00 0.00 183.01 26.85 250.12 46.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.12 4 6 4 6 4 6 4 6 70.00 0.32 -69.00 0.00 0.76 -148.00 0.09 -43.07 9.73 32.00 0.37 59.00 0.04 58.00 0.43 -82.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 59.00 0.13 52.00 0.12 -15.44 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.43 0.00 0.16 0. LOAD LIST 1 PARAMETER CODE BRITISH SELECT ALL 3 4 .42 -69.00 0.00 0.35 25.00 0.07 9.39 -93.89 -181.00 0.12 2 3 4 2 1 2 3 4 3 1 2 3 4 4 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 6 1 2 3 4 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 53.01 39.00 0.53 -68.00 0.00 0.10 -58.00 0.35 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 43.38 9.00 0.00 0.52 -171.Application Examples 102 Example Problem 11 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.38 68.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.21 117.00 0.76 148.73 148.43 -117.00 0.00 0.04 9.12 -28.39 -93.00 0.11 149.00 0.11 149.00 0.00 0.38 9.

551 69.12 0.78 C 2 ST UC254X254X73 PASS 183.com * ************************************************************ 103 .com * * * * North America support@bentley.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 3 0.10 C 4 ST UC203X203X46 PASS 59. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.76 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 BS-4. IN THE POST PROCESSOR.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .com * * Europe support@bentley.3.1 0. FROM THE UPPER MENU.979 69.12 4 3 4 0.76 0.co.KNS MEMBER METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST UC254X254X73 PASS 181. THEN FILE SAVE.com * * Asia support@bentley.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.73 C ANNEX I.6 0.35 0.898 197.70 C 5 ST UB457X191X82 PASS 15. PRESS RESULTS.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.3. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.(BSI ) ************************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS.39 C 3 ST UC203X203X46 PASS 46.00 BS-4.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.551 69.1 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.767 203. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro.3.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.12 0.co. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 4 - ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 57.6 0.1 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.767 203. UPDATE PROPERTIES.co.12 T 6 ST UB356X171X45 PASS 32.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 ANNEX I.00 BS-4.00 0.6 0.Pro MEMBER SELECTION .00 3 0.Example Problem 11 STAAD.00 ANNEX I. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS.

Part I .Application Examples 104 Example Problem 11 NOTES .

The mobile loads are discretized into several individual immobile load cases at discrete positions. During this process. To avoid looking into a lot of output. 105 .Example Problem 12 Example Problem No. enormous number of load cases may be created resulting in plenty of output to be sorted. This type of loading occurs classically when the load-causing units move on the structure. as in the case of trucks on a bridge deck. 12 This example demonstrates generation of load cases for the type of loading known as a moving load. the maximum force envelope is requested for a few specific members.

MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 60 TA ST UB305X165X40 . UNITS METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used. The first line generates joints 1 through 6. The word FLOOR signifies that the structure is a floor structure and the geometry is defined through X and Z axis. zeros. Y and Z increments of 0. The fourth number indicates the final member number upto which they will be generated.5 0 0 R 5 0 0 9. Repeat all (abbreviated as R A) will create members by repeating the member incidence pattern of the previous 11 members. The number of repetitions to be carried out is provided after the R A command and the member increment and joint increment are defined as 11 and 6 respectively.Part I .0 Joint number followed by X. STAAD FLOOR A SIMPLE BRIDGE DECK Every input has to start with the word STAAD. With the repeat (R) command.0 & 9 respectively. in this case. the coordinates of the next 30 joints are generated by repeating the pattern of the coordinates of the first 6 joints 5 times with X. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 6 7. the Y coordinates are all the same. The fifth line of input defines the member incidences for members 56 to 60. Since this is a floor structure.Application Examples 106 Example Problem 12 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 7 6 7 1 2 11 R A 4 11 6 56 31 32 60 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. Y and Z coordinates are provided above.

SELF Y -1. Poisson’s ratio and DENsity are specified above following a change in the units of length from METER to MMS.0 The characteristics of the vehicle are defined above in METER and KNS units. LOAD 1 Load case 1 is initiated.0 DISTANCE 3. A pinned support is one which can resist only translational forces. 3 axles (90 90 45) are specified with the LOAD command.977E-09 ALL UNIT METER KNS Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). The word ST stands for standard single section.0 1. that is.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 76. The type number (1) is a label for identification of the load-causing unit.0 107 . The above lines represent the first out of two sets of data required in moving load generation. UNITS MMS CONSTANTS E 210.0 90. it is the distance between the 2 prongs of an axle of the truck.5 WIDTH 3.0 45. DEFINE MOVING LOAD TYPE 1 LOAD 90. SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 31 TO 36 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at the above joints. such as a truck.Example Problem 12 Properties for all members are assigned from the British steel table. WIDTH is the spacing in the transverse direction. The spacing between the axles in the direction of movement (longitudinal direction) is specified after the DISTANCE command.

10 load cases are generated using the Type 1 vehicle whose characteristics were described earlier.0m apart will be used to generate the remaining 9 load cases. ZI 3. . PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOP LIST 3 41 42 A maximum force envelope consisting of the highest forces for each degree of freedom on the listed members will be written into the output file. The Z Increment of 3. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis and print the values and positions of all the generated load cases.Application Examples 108 Example Problem 12 Selfweight of the structure acting in the negative (due to the factor -1.0 This constitutes the second of the two sets of data required for moving load generation. the X. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.0m denotes that the vehicle moves along the Z direction and the individual positions which are 3.0) global Y direction is the only component of load case 1. 0.Part I . For the first of these load cases.25 0. Y and Z location of the reference load (see section 5. LOAD GENERATION 10 TYPE 1 2.1 of the Technical Reference Manual) have been specified after the command TYPE 1.31.

50 4. 2. 17. 22. 28. 3. 4. 9. 10.5000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0. 6.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = 124.00 3.50 4.00 4.5 WIDTH 3. 21. 14. 7. 20. 5.0 1.391 KNS LOADING 2 ----------MEMBER LOAD .25 0. 25. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 7 6 7 1 2 11 R A 4 11 6 56 31 32 60 MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 60 TA ST UB305X165X40 SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 31 TO 36 PINNED UNITS MMS CONSTANTS E 210. 11.5000 -22. STAAD FLOOR A SIMPLE BRIDGE DECK UNITS METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 6 7. 15. 18.0 90.5000 -22. 27.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 76. 8.50 4. 16. 24. 0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 36/ 60/ 12 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 11.00 3.0000 -22.977E-09 ALL UNIT METER KNS DEFINE MOVING LOAD TYPE 1 LOAD 90.75 0. 26.0000 -90.0000 -45. 23.0 45. Intl.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 12.UNIT KNS MEMBER 8 10 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 UDL L1 METE L2 CON -90.5000 -22. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = LOADING 1 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.0000 -45.0000 -45.Example Problem 12 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 LOAD 1 SELF Y -1.75 3.0 DISTANCE 3.5 0 0 R 5 0 0 9.00 3.50 LIN1 LIN2 96 109 .0 LOAD GENERATION 10 TYPE 1 2. ZI 3. 19.0000 -45. 13.

00 6.5000 -22.50 7.00 6.0000 -45.0000 -22.00 4.50 4.0000 -22.00 6.0000 -22.00 6.0000 -45.50 METE 19 21 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 LOADING 6 ----------MEMBER LOAD .0000 -45.75 0.0000 -45.00 6.UNIT KNS L METE 3 2 5 4 19 21 14 13 16 15 MEMBER CON L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.5000 -22.0000 -22.00 3.0000 -45.00 3.0000 -45.5000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 3.5000 LOADING 4 ----------MEMBER LOAD .0000 -45.50 7.0000 -45.00 3.0000 -90.5000 -22.0000 -45.0000 -90.5000 -22.00 6.00 0.50 7.50 1.0000 -45.0000 -45.50 4.50 7.00 6.50 .0000 -45.00 3.Part I .00 6.50 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY CON -90.50 7.5000 -22.0000 -45.UNIT KNS GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY CON -45.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL L1 METE L2 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 -45.0000 -45.Application Examples 110 Example Problem 12 LOADING 3 ----------MEMBER LOAD .50 4.5000 UDL LIN1 6.00 3.00 7.0000 -45.0000 -45.50 1.5000 -22.5000 -22.0000 -45.00 3.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL L1 L2 UDL L1 MEMBER 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 L2 L1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 3.75 0.75 1.50 7.00 6.5000 -22.5000 -22.5000 -22.00 3.50 METE L2 CON -45.0000 -45.5000 -22.50 1.0000 -90.00 7.0000 -45.0000 -45.0000 -45.5000 -22.00 6.75 3.00 3.00 3.5000 LOADING 5 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 6.

50 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY CON -45.0000 -45.75 0.0000 -45.5000 UDL LIN1 0.0000 -45.0000 -90.00 6.00 6.0000 -45.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL L1 METE L2 14 13 16 15 30 32 25 24 27 26 -45.00 6.00 6.00 3.5000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 6.UNIT KNS L METE 30 32 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 MEMBER CON L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 3.50 1.5000 -22.0000 -45.0000 -45.0000 -45.50 4.00 6.50 1.0000 -45.00 6.00 3.50 1.5000 LOADING 9 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 3.75 0.50 7.50 1.5000 -22.50 7.0000 -45.50 METE 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 LOADING 10 ----------MEMBER LOAD .0000 -45.0000 -45.50 METE L2 CON -45.50 1.0000 -22.00 3.0000 -22.0000 -22.0000 -45.5000 -22.0000 -45.75 1.5000 -22.00 7.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL L1 L2 UDL L1 MEMBER L2 25 24 27 26 41 43 36 35 38 37 L1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 6.00 6.Example Problem 12 LOADING 7 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 6.50 111 .5000 -22.00 0.00 3.5000 -22.0000 -45.0000 -90.UNIT KNS GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY CON -90.50 4.00 6.0000 -45.00 3.5000 -22.5000 -22.75 3.5000 -22.5000 -22.5000 -22.0000 -22.00 4.50 1.0000 -45.50 7.50 4.75 1.00 6.0000 -45.75 0.0000 -90.0000 -90.00 0.5000 -22.0000 -90.5000 LOADING 8 ----------MEMBER LOAD .

00 3 1 3 11 0.50 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 29.18 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 1 0.0000 -45.00 0.00 -147.co.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 1.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.50 4.00 9.0000 -90.Application Examples 112 Example Problem 12 LOADING 11 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 1 0.5000 -22.76 0.00 4.36 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.17 0.00 9.30 0.00 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.Part I .16 0.co.00 1.00 1.50 4.00 -134.00 4 1 5 11 73.00 1.48 0.00 9.00 -0.0000 -45.00 0.75 1.03 0.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.50 5 1 10 11 42 MAX MIN LD LD MZ/ MY DIST DIST LD LD FX DIST LD 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.30 0.00 -18.00 0.5000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 LIN2 0.50 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley. PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOP LIST 3 41 42 MEMBER FORCE ENVELOPE --------------------ALL UNITS ARE KNS METE MAX AND MIN FORCE VALUES AMONGST ALL SECTION LOCATIONS MEMB 3 MAX MIN 41 MAX MIN FY/ FZ DIST DIST 81.00 0.0000 -45.50 1 1 1 11 9.0000 -45.50 4.00 0.00 9.50 1.0000 -22.Pro.5000 -22.75 3.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.00 -31.co.00 0.00 0.00 1 0.com * ************************************************************ .UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL METE L1 L2 41 43 36 35 38 37 36 35 38 37 CON -90.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 3.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * * * North America support@bentley.5000 -22.34 0.00 0.00 1.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * Asia support@bentley.00 1.50 10 1 11 11 9.00 3.50 1.50 11 0.50 5 1 10 11 0.00 3.00 0.24 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.00 11 0.00 -504.00 9.50 1.84 0.50 11 ********** END OF FORCE ENVELOPE FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ********** 30.75 0.

Example Problem 13 Example Problem No. 113 . 13 Calculation of displacements at intermediate points of members of a plane frame is demonstrated in this example. The dashed line represents the deflected shape of the structure. The shape is generated on the basis of displacements at the ends plus several intermediate points of the members.

2 0.) are used as line separators which allows us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR SECTION DISPLACEMENT Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 3 6 4.Part I . . MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 .0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided after the length unit is changed from METER to MMS. UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210. 3 3 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 3 TABLE ST UC203X203X46 2 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 Member properties are specified from the British steel table. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used.Application Examples 114 Example Problem 13 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. Semicolon signs (. The word ST stands for standard single section. Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. 4 6 0. the Z coordinates need not be provided. 4. Since this is a plane structure. 2 2 3 .5 .5 .

GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction. 115 .0 Load 1 contains a joint load of 25KN at node 2. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load.Example Problem 13 SUPPORT 1 FIXED .0 Load 1 contains a member load also. JOINT LOAD 2 FX 25. THESE * DISPLACEMENTS ARE MEASURED IN GLOBAL X * Y Z COORDINATE SYSTEM AND THE VALUES * ARE FROM ORIGINAL COORDINATES (UNDEFLECTED * POSITION) OF CORRESPONDING TWELFTH * POINTS. MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -45. 4 PINNED A fixed support is specified at Joint 1 and a pinned support at Joint 4. UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE + WIND Load case 1 is initiated followed by an optional title. PRINT MEMBER FORCES The above PRINT command is self-explanatory. * * FOLLOWING PRINT COMMAND WILL PRINT * DISPLACEMENTS OF THE MEMBERS * CONSIDERING EVERY TWELFTH INTERMEDIATE * POINT (THAT IS TOTAL OF 13 POINTS). FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction.

THIS VALUE IS * MEASURED FROM ABOVE LOCATION TO THE * STRAIGHT LINE JOINING START AND END * JOINTS OF THE DEFLECTED MEMBER. * PRINT SECTION DISPLACEMENT Above PRINT command is explained in the comment lines above. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.Part I . * THE LOCATION OF MAXIMUM INTERMEDIATE * DISPLACEMENT IS DETERMINED.Application Examples 116 Example Problem 13 * * MAX LOCAL DISPLACEMENT IS ALSO PRINTED. .

66 0. THESE DISPLACEMENTS ARE MEASURED IN GLOBAL X 117 . 12.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 FIXED . 4. 26.34 -23. 3 6 4. 15. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR SECTION DISPLACEMENT UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 .34 121.16 0.00 0.00 0. 27.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24.0 MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -45.34 -23. 9. 16. P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00 0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. 8.00 0. 6. 4 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 .00 0. 13.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 121. 29. 3. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00 0. 5.84 -121. 2. 3 3 4 MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 3 TABLE ST UC203X203X46 2 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210.00 0. * * * * * * FOLLOWING PRINT COMMAND WILL PRINT DISPLACEMENTS OF THE MEMBERS CONSIDERING EVERY TWELFTH INTERMEDIATE POINT (THAT IS TOTAL OF 13 POINTS). 4.00 0. 20. 21.84 148.55 -26.00 26. 17.00 0. 4 PINNED UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE + WIND JOINT LOAD 2 FX 25. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 7 23. 18. 2 0. Intl. 11.00 0.34 0. 22.03 3 1 3 4 148.84 1.00 0. 19.00 0. 14.16 23.00 0.5 .00 0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS 6 0.00 33. 25. 7.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.08 2 1 2 3 23.08 -105.00 0.66 -1.5 .16 -148.00 105. 2 2 3 . 28. 10.Example Problem 13 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.03 0.

0445 -1.8555 1.0000 0. THIS VALUE IS * MEASURED FROM ABOVE LOCATION TO THE * STRAIGHT LINE JOINING START AND END * JOINTS OF THE DEFLECTED MEMBER.0000 0.0000 0.3906 -2.0000 0.0000 316 .0000 DISP = 0.0000 0. 40.0000 0.2777 3.0541 2. 42.0982 0.Application Examples 118 Example Problem 13 30.0000 300.9446 -2.2744 3.00 0. * * MAX LOCAL DISPLACEMENT IS ALSO PRINTED.0000 0.0000 1.Z DISPL FROM START TO END JOINTS AT 1/12TH PTS 0. * Y Z COORDINATE SYSTEM AND THE VALUES * ARE FROM ORIGINAL COORDINATES (UNDEFLECTED * POSITION) OF CORRESPONDING TWELFTH * POINTS.0148 -0.1593 -1.2733 3.0000 0.6264 -2.2712 DISP = AT -0.2798 3.0074 -0.8855 2.0135 -0.0000 0.0000 0.2755 3.6659 3.0000 187. 36. 38.0000 572 0.0000 0.57707 3.0270 -0.5000 2.Y.0000 0.0405 -0.7785 LOAD -0.0037 -0.0000 -0.4789 -1.6669 3.5784 LOAD L/DISP= -0.0111 -0.0000 0.7006 -0.0000 0.2842 DISP = 0.7367 -1.42206 AT 0.0180 -0. 35.1853 1. 41.0297 -0.0090 0. * THE LOCATION OF MAXIMUM INTERMEDIATE * DISPLACEMENT IS DETERMINED.00 0.0045 1 ************ END OF SECT DISPL RESULTS *********** L/DISP= 0.0000 0.1563 1.3527 -2.0000 232 0.0360 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0315 -0.2831 3.0260 -0.0408 1 3. 39.1513 -0.5983 1.0222 -0. 34.0000 0.5847 -2.0000 0.0000 0.Part I .2842 3.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0334 -0.0000 0.0000 0.2722 LOAD 1 3.2766 3.5396 3.50 0.3120 3.0371 -0.2820 3.0000 0.0000 0.0541 -0. 37. 33. 32.0225 -0.0000 0. 31.3302 2.0000 225.0000 0.0185 -0.1440 0.3858 0.6839 0.5758 L/DISP= -0.0250 0.0000 0. * PRINT SECTION DISPLACEMENT MEMBER SECTION DISPLACEMENTS ---------------------------UNIT =INCHES FOR FPS AND CM FOR METRICS/SI SYSTEM MEMB LOAD 1 1 MAX LOCAL 2 1 MAX LOCAL 3 1 MAX LOCAL GLOBAL X.2809 3.6354 1.5494 3.0496 -0.2712 3.0213 2.78661 3.2787 3.0000 0.0000 0.0451 -0.0445 AT -0.0000 0.2188 0.

com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.Example Problem 13 43. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * * * North America support@bentley.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * * Europe support@bentley.Pro.com * * Asia support@bentley.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.co.com * ************************************************************ 119 .com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.co. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.co.

Application Examples 120 Example Problem 13 NOTES .Part I .

Example Problem 14 Example Problem No. 14 A space frame is analyzed for seismic loads. A P-Delta analysis is peformed to obtain the secondary effects of the lateral and vertical loads acting simultaneously. 49 50 53 51 54 57 62 60 63 33 64 34 37 35 38 44 47 48 18 17 19 22 20 23 26 25 24 27 30 29 40 43 46 21 36 39 42 41 45 56 59 58 61 52 55 28 31 32 Y Z 1 X 2 5 9 13 3 6 10 14 4 7 8 11 15 12 16 121 . The seismic loads are generated using the procedures of the 1994 UBC Code.

5 REPEAT ALL 3 0 3. First. the REPEAT ALL command command is used to repeat the pattern and generate incidences for members 113 through 136. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame. MEMBER INCIDENCES * beams in x direction 101 17 18 103 104 21 22 106 107 25 26 109 110 29 30 112 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * beams in z direction 201 17 21 204 205 21 25 208 209 25 29 212 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * columns 301 1 17 348 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.5 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 3. Y and Z coordinates of the joints are specified here. Then. UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used. coordinates of joints 1 through 4 are generated by taking advantage of the fact that they are equally spaced.5 0 The X. A similar logic is used in specification of incidences of members 201 .Part I .5 m for each repetition to generate joints 5 to 16. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 10. the pattern of joints 1 to 16 to generate joints 17 to 64.Application Examples 122 Example Problem 14 STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR UBC LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD. this pattern is REPEATed 3 times with a Z increment of 3. Following the specification of incidences for members 101 to 112. The REPEAT ALL command will then repeat 3 times.

The first stage is initiated with the command DEFINE UBC LOAD. Importance factor. DEFINE UBC LOAD ZONE 0. The user may see these values with the help of the command PRINT MATERIAL PROPERTIES following the above commands. MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 PRIS YD 0.5 CT 0.5 There are two stages in the command specification of the UBC loads. CONSTANT E STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 E CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 POISSON STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 In the specification of material constants.0 49 TO 64 WEIGHT 3.30 301 TO 348 TA ST UB457X152X52 The beam members have prismatic member property specification (YD & ZD) while the columns (members 301 to 348) have their properties called from the built-in BRITISH steel table.0 RWX 9 RWZ 9 S 1. Here we specify parameters such as Zone factor.032 SELFWEIGHT JOINT WEIGHT 17 TO 48 WEIGHT 7. the default built-in values are used. 123 . and. SUPPORT 1 TO 16 FIXED Indicates the joints where the supports are located as well as the type of support restraints.Example Problem 14 through 212 and generation of incidences for members 213 to 236. site coefficient for soil characteristics etc. members incidences of columns 301 to 348 are specified.2 I 1. Finally.40 ZD 0.

joint weights and/or member weights. Since we will be doing second-order (PDELTA) analysis. . it is important that we include horizontal and vertical loads in the same load case. the structure is not analysed for these vertical loads.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -7. Vertical loads too are part of this case.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. Along with the UBC load.0 49 TO 64 FY –3. LOAD 2 UBC LOAD Z 0.Application Examples 124 Example Problem 14 the vertical loads (weights) from which the base shear will be calculated.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. In other words. LOAD 1 UBC LOAD X 0. deadweight is also added to the same load case.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY –7. PDELTA ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA We are requesting a second-order analysis by specifying the command PDELTA ANALYSIS. Member weights are not shown in this example.5 This is the second stage in which the UBC load is applied with the help of a load case number. The vertical loads may be specified in the form of selfweight. It is important to note that these vertical loads are used purely in the determination of the horizontal base shear only. the UBC load is being applied in the Z direction. corresponding direction (X in the above case) and a factor by which the generated horizontal loads should be multiplied. PRINT LOAD DATA is used to obtain a report of all the applied and generated loadings.0 49 TO 64 FY -3.Part I .5 In load case 2.

Example Problem 14 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS FINISH The above commands are self-explanatory. 125 .

12. 30. 7. 31. 47.5 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES * BEAMS IN X DIRECTION 101 17 18 103 104 21 22 106 107 25 26 109 110 29 30 112 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION 201 17 21 204 205 21 25 208 209 25 29 212 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * COLUMNS 301 1 17 348 MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 PRIS YD 0. 5. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 9. 23. 14. 32.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -7. 41. 8. 15.5 CT 0. 3. 21.5 PDELTA ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 64/ 120/ 16 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.2 I 1. 39. 50.0 49 TO 64 FY -3. 18.0 RWX 9 RWZ 9 S 1.Part I .30 301 TO 348 TA ST UB457X152X52 CONSTANT E STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 E CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 POISSON STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 SUPPORT 1 TO 16 FIXED DEFINE UBC LOAD ZONE 0. 48. 20.Application Examples 126 Example Problem 14 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.5 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 3.5 LOAD 2 UBC LOAD Z 0.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1.5 REPEAT ALL 3 0 3. 6. 22. 4. 35. Intl. 24. 45. 34.0 49 TO 64 FY -3. 42. 49. 28. 17.0 49 TO 64 WEIGHT 3. 11. 33. 36.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 37. STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR UBC LOAD UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 10. 2. 19. 25. 26.032 SELFWEIGHT JOINT WEIGHT 17 TO 48 WEIGHT 7. 46. 29. 43.40 ZD 0. 51.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -7. 27. 40. 16. 13. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 288 . 10.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 44. 38.5 LOAD 1 UBC LOAD X 0.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 127 .00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.UNIT KNS 798.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = JOINT LOAD .00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 -7.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 -7.00 0.50 -3.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 -7.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.454 KNS METE JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 14 LOADING 1 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.50 -3.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 **WARNING: IF THIS UBC/IBC ANALYSIS HAS TENSION/COMPRESSION OR REPEAT LOAD OR RE-ANALYSIS OR SELECT OPTIMIZE.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 -7.UNIT KNS 798.00 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.454 KNS METE JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.91 KNS * * * *********************************************************** .00 0.00 0. *********************************************************** * * * X DIRECTION : Ta = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.Application Examples 128 Example Problem 14 LOADING 2 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.750 * * UBC TYPE = 94 * * UBC FACTOR V = 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. LOAD FACTOR = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.7500.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.285 Tuser = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.455 Tb = 0.46 = 65.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0. THEN EACH UBC/IBC CASE SHOULD BE FOLLOWED BY PERFORM ANALYSIS & CHANGE.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 -7.00 0.00 0.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = JOINT LOAD .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 -7.00 0.00 -3.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.0611 x 1078.00 -7.00 0.00 0.000 * * C = 2.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.

687 0.386 1.386 1.000 0.000 0.Example Problem 14 *********************************************************** * * * Z DIRECTION : Ta = 0.373 1.568 0.135 0.000 0.000 0.030 ----------TOTAL = 22.449 0.386 1.000 0.000 0.449 0.000 0.135 1.0611 x 1078.373 1.386 1.000 0.743 1.000 0.000 0.000 METE FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.898 ----------TOTAL = 18.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 3.000 0.000 0.000 0.386 1.568 0.000 0.568 0.568 0.7500.083 0.91 KNS * * * *********************************************************** JOINT LATERAL LOAD (KNS ) ------- ----17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX 0.500 METE 1.030 1.000 0.500 METE FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.000 0.166 MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY TORSIONAL LOAD MOMENT (KNS -METE) FACTOR --------- 1 0.386 1.000 0.898 1.386 1.687 0.000 0.000 0.743 1.135 1.135 1.135 0.030 1.000 0.455 Tb = 1.000 0.000 ----------0.46 = 65.000 AT LEVEL 10.103 Tuser = 0.000 0.373 1.898 1.000 0.181 129 .000 0.135 0.000 ----------0.000 0.000 0.000 0.135 1.000 0.449 ----------TOTAL = 9.000 0.000 ----------0.000 0.373 1.030 1.449 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0. LOAD FACTOR = 0.568 0.687 0.000 0.750 0.000 0.750 * * UBC TYPE = 94 * * UBC FACTOR V = 0.000 0.000 0.568 0.000 0.386 1.000 * * C = 2.000 0.743 1.898 1.568 0.743 1.000 0.687 0.000 0.135 1.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 7.568 0.

449 0.000 0.898 1.000 0.449 0.000 METE FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.568 0.135 0.000 ----------0.743 1.000 0.373 1.000 0.449 0.000 0.000 0.386 1.000 0.000 0.386 1.000 AT LEVEL 10.386 1.449 ----------TOTAL = 9.000 0.000 ----------0.386 1.000 ----------0.Application Examples 130 Example Problem 14 JOINT LATERAL LOAD (KNS ) ------- ----17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.386 1.000 0.568 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS .000 0.386 1.083 0.000 0.750 0.000 0.135 1.000 AT LEVEL 3.000 0.000 0.000 0.687 0.000 0.500 METE FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.687 0.000 0.898 1.000 0.687 0.135 1.000 0.135 1.000 0.568 0.373 1.898 1.000 0.000 0.030 1.568 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.181 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 52.000 0.568 0.898 ----------TOTAL = 18.000 0.000 0.386 1.568 0.000 0.135 1.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.743 1.135 0.000 0.386 1.000 0.Part I .743 1.030 1.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 7.000 0.687 0.500 METE 1.030 ----------TOTAL = 22.000 0.166 MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY TORSIONAL LOAD MOMENT (KNS -METE) FACTOR --------- 2 0.000 0.568 0.135 1.030 1.743 1.135 0.568 0.373 1.373 1.

06 -3.00 0.94 0.49 5.02 6.00 5.02 -0.81 0.95 73.00 0.81 62.07 -5.11 0.83 -0.00 0.07 -5.06 -3.83 -0.79 64.95 65.76 -0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.06 0.00 0.01 -5.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.11 0.01 -3.75 -0.02 7.00 0.31 0.00 0.11 0.11 -0.82 -0.35 73.00 0.81 0.com * ************************************************************ 131 .00 0.29 0.12 41.49 5.53 -0.79 57.00 0.00 0.36 59.76 65.40 0.02 6.co.01 -3.73 0.43 62.01 -3.06 -3.06 -3.06 65.01 -3.26 -0.49 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 53.06 0.21 -0.82 0.01 -5.02 -0.01 -3.45 -3.01 -5.14 -0.01 -3.45 -3.06 -3.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.22 0.49 7.01 -3.01 -3.76 -0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.18 88.00 0.00 0.42 -0.45 43.62 0.06 0.29 0.02 7.07 -5.80 0.61 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.11 -0.00 0.11 -0.22 0.36 41.73 0.80 -0.14 -0.01 -3.75 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.94 0.49 7.00 0.55 56.35 56.43 65.49 7.co.00 0.45 -3.co.95 88.02 6.49 7.00 0.12 -0.90 43.02 7.12 64.45 -2.com * * * * North America support@bentley.01 -5.96 -0.42 -0.01 -5.08 -0.07 -5.com * * Asia support@bentley.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.76 73.12 -0.06 -3.95 80.96 -0.00 0.01 -3.45 -3.51 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 0.52 83.01 -3.06 -3.00 0.07 -5.01 -5.02 7.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.60 83.01 -3.00 0.12 57.00 0.60 76.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.Pro.00 0.61 -0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.49 5.12 59.45 -2.75 -0.62 0.00 0.00 0.03 -0.51 0.26 -0.01 -3.01 -5.40 0.00 0.08 -0.45 -2.18 80.75 -0.com * * Europe support@bentley. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.Example Problem 14 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 -2.21 -0.01 -3.01 -3.52 76.01 -5.55 73.01 -3.07 -5.03 0.14 0.06 -3.81 85.00 0.14 0.02 6.07 -5.07 -5.31 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.53 -0.90 85.

Application Examples 132 Example Problem 14 NOTES .Part I .

15 A space frame is analyzed for loads generated using the built-in wind and floor load generation facilities.Example Problem 15 Example Problem No. 17 18 22 32 19 23 34 20 21 24 33 35 22 23 25 24 26 11 10 9 12 13 14 16 15 10 17 9 27 12 13 19 28 15 20 14 11 18 29 31 30 16 21 3 2 1 4 Y 5 6 7 1 Z 4 6 8 2 X 5 7 8 3 133 .

28 12 14 . 31 11 16 32 17 20 . MEMBER INCIDENCES * Columns 1 1 9 16 * Beams in the X direction 17 9 10 18 19 12 13 20 14 15 21 22 17 18 23 24 20 21 25 22 23 26 * Beams in the Z direction 27 9 12 . 30 13 15 . JOINT COORDINATES 1000 2400 3900 4004 5404 6008 7408 8908 REPEAT ALL 2 0 3. 33 20 22 . 35 21 23 . 36 19 24 .5 0 The JOINT COORDINATE specification is used to specify the X.Application Examples 134 Example Problem 15 STAAD SPACE . 34 18 21 .WIND AND FLOOR LOAD GENERATION This is a SPACE frame analysis problem. The SPACE specification is used to denote a SPACE frame. Every STAAD input has to start with the command STAAD.Part I . Y and Z coordinates of the JOINTs. Note that the REPEAT ALL command has been used to generate JOINTs for the two upper storeys each with a Y increment of 3.5 m. 29 10 13 . UNIT METER KNS The UNIT specification is used to specify the length and/or force units to be used.

MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 16 TA ST UB457X191X74 17 TO 26 TA ST UB457X152X52 27 TO 36 TA ST UB457X152X52 Properties for all members are specified from the built-in BRITISH steel table. or pressure loads on plates.0 8.90 YRANGE 6. and converts them to values that can then be used as 135 . the built-in default values have been used.85 JOINT 9 12 14 When a structure has to be analysed for wind loading. SUPPORT 1 TO 8 FIXED BUT MX MZ The SUPPORTs of the structure are defined through the SUPPORT specification. distributed loads on members. DEFINE WIND LOAD TYPE 1 INTENSITY 1. This utility takes wind pressure at various heights as the input.0 EXPOSURE 0.0 EXPOSURE 0. In this case. CONSTANT E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT specification is used to specify material properties. The large number of calculations involved in this conversion can be avoided by making use of STAAD’s wind load generation utility.5 7.Example Problem 15 The MEMBER INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying MEMBER connectivities.0 1.5 HEIGHT 3. the engineer is confronted with the task of first converting an abstract quantity like wind velocity or wind pressure into concentrated loads at joints. Three different sections have been used. Here all the supports are FIXED with RELEASES specified in the MX (rotation about global X-axis) and MZ (rotation about global Z-axis) directions.

In this case. The second EXPOSURE specification specifies the exposure factor as 0.1 FLOAD –2.0 9. The term WIND LOAD and the direction term that follows are used to specify the WIND LOADING in a particular lateral direction.0 ZRANGE 0.Application Examples 136 Example Problem 15 concentrated forces known as joint loads in specific load cases.5 to 7.2 . a floor load generation is performed. In a floor load generation.4 3. defined previously.0 YRANGE 6.4 3.5M AND 7M FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 3.0 YRANGE 3. Each wind category is identified with a TYPE number (an identification mark) which is used later to specify load cases.5m and 3.0 8. All values need to be provided in the current UNIT system. a pressure load (force per unit area) is converted by the program into specific points forces . LOAD 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 3. The first stage is initiated above through the DEFINE WIND LOAD command.6 FLOAD –5.5 KN/sq.0m. LOAD 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION WIND LOAD X 1. WIND loading TYPE 1. the joints may be specified directly or through a vertical range specification. m) are specified for two different height zones (0 to 3.0 4.0 KN/sq. The first EXPOSURE specification specifies the exposure factor as 0.85 for joints 9. In this case.9 for all joints within the height range (defined as global Y-range) of 6. The input specification is done in two stages. is being applied in the global X-direction with a positive multiplication factor of 1.0 8.5 In load case 2 in this problem. In this example.9 7.0m).0m – 8.6 FLOAD –2. 12 and 14. In the EXPOSURE factor specification.2 TYPE 1 This is the second stage of input specification for the wind load generation. The EXPOSURE specification is used to mitigate or magnify the effect at specific nodes due to special considerations like openings in the structure.0 XRANGE 0.5 XRANGE 4. m and 1.Part I . two different exposure factors are specified. The basic parameters of the WIND loading are specified here.0 ZRANGE 0. two different wind intensities (1.

0 signifies that the pressure is 5.4. All values need to be provided in the current UNIT system. The FLOAD specification is used to specify the value of that pressure. in the first line in the above FLOOR LOAD specification. XRANGE and ZRANGE specifications are used to define the area of the structure on which the pressure is acting. the region is defined as being located within the bounds YRANGE of 3.Example Problem 15 and distributed forces on the members located in that region. 137 .0 .0 m. The program will identify the members lying within the specified region and derive MEMBER LOADS on these members based on two-way load distribution. The YRANGE.8.0 .6 m. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION FINISH Above commands are self-explanatory. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA We can view the values and position of the generated loads with the help of the PRINT LOAD DATA command used above along with the PERFORM ANALYSIS command. in the negative global Y direction. The –5.0 m and ZRANGE of 0.0 KN/sq.m. XRANGE of 0.4 – 3. For example.

PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA .0 **WARNING** about Floor/OneWay Loads/Weights. 7. 43.5 7.6 FLOAD -2.WIND AND FLOOR LOAD GENERATION UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 2 4 0 0 3 9 0 0 4 0 0 4 5 4 0 4 6 0 0 8 7 4 0 8 8 9 0 8 REPEAT ALL 2 0 3.0 ZRANGE 0. 42. Please note that depending on the shape of the floor you may have to break up the FLOOR/ONEWAY LOAD into multiple commands. 29.90 YRANGE 6. 25. 13. Intl. 35. 27. 37. 29 10 13 . 35 21 23 . 30. 2. STAAD SPACE . 26. 17. 5. 20. 14.0 47.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 23.Application Examples 138 Example Problem 15 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 40. 38. 12.0 9. 36. 31 11 16 32 17 20 .0 1. 32. 4. 28 12 14 . 34.32. 41. For details please refer to Technical Reference Manual Section 5. 15. 24. 19. 44.0 XRANGE 0. 9.0 8.5 48. 21. 36 19 24 MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 16 TA ST UB457X191X74 17 TO 26 TA ST UB457X152X52 27 TO 36 TA ST UB457X152X52 CONSTANT E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 8 FIXED BUT MX MZ DEFINE WIND LOAD TYPE 1 INTENSITY 1. YRANGE 3. 34 18 21 . 30 13 15 .Part I .0 4.0 8. 11.0 8.5 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES * COLUMNS 1 1 9 16 * BEAMS IN THE X DIRECTION 17 9 10 18 19 12 13 20 14 15 21 22 17 18 23 24 20 21 25 22 23 26 * BEAMS IN THE Z DIRECTION 27 9 12 .2 TYPE 1 LOAD 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 3. 31. 28. 18. 6.0 EXPOSURE 0.1 FLOAD -2.4 3. 33.6 FLOAD -5. 45.85 JOINT 9 12 14 LOAD 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION WIND LOAD X 1. 46. 10.9 7. 3.5 HEIGHT 3.0 ZRANGE 0.4 Note 6.5 XRANGE 4. 33 20 22 . YRANGE 6.0 EXPOSURE 0.4 3. 16.5M AND 7M FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 3. 22. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 8. 39.

00 0.3438 -2.00 0.UNIT KNS METE JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 6 9 12 14 17 20 22 4.00 0.13 1.12 3.83 0.0938 -1.93 5.0312 -2.1563 -0.00 0.00 0.39 0.39 0.17 0.00 0.17 0.63 LIN1 LIN2 139 .39 0.00 0.00 0.4062 -1.4062 -1.00 0.0312 -1.88 1.34 5.38 1.93 17.1563 -0.00 0.62 2.00 0.00 0.0938 -0.5M AND 7M MEMBER LOAD .00 0.00 0.20 8.0938 -0.00 0.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.1563 -0.61 3.7812 -0.12 2.63 1.67 11.0312 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.12 2.7188 -2.7188 -2.7188 -2.88 1.00 LOADING 2 ----------- FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.4062 -1.7812 -0.00 0.12 3.83 0.00 0.00 0.7188 -1.4062 -1.00 0.1563 -0.67 0.4688 -0.00 0.87 3.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 112 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION JOINT LOAD .4688 -0.00 0.40 4.4062 -1.0312 -1.20 8.4688 -0.37 3.37 3.00 0.13 1.37 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.4688 -0.Example Problem 15 P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 24/ 36/ 8 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = LOADING 1 ----------- 2.00 0.7812 -1.00 0.88 2.88 1.61 3.00 0.87 3.00 0.62 2.63 0.1563 -0.38 1.38 1.7188 -1.0938 -1.3438 -2.0312 -2.3438 -2.63 1.00 0.00 0.37 2.85 8.63 0.3438 -2.00 0.00 0.88 2.UNIT KNS MEMBER 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 UDL L1 METE L2 CON -0.00 0.00 0.13 1.7812 -1.7812 -1.00 0.0938 -1.63 0.4688 -0.00 0.

4688 -0.12 3.63 1.3438 -2.63 1.0938 -1.1563 -0.17 0.38 1.12 2.12 3.1563 -0.0938 -1.0312 -1.63 1.38 1.4688 -0.0938 -0.0312 -2.83 0.3438 -2.12 2.4062 -1.4688 -0.4062 -1.12 3.61 3.62 2.12 2.87 3.1563 -0.0938 -0.83 0.7188 -2.88 2.87 LIN1 LIN2 .4062 -1.88 1.4062 -1.63 0.62 2.39 0.37 2.0312 -2.88 2.88 2.13 1.13 1.Part I .UNIT KNS MEMBER 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 UDL L1 METE L2 CON -2.37 2.7812 -1.1563 -0.88 1.17 0.61 3.12 2.4062 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 1.12 2.13 1.3438 -2.61 3.3438 -2.4688 -0.0938 -1.0312 -1.4688 -0.37 2.37 3.88 1.61 3.7188 -1.83 0.7188 -2.0938 -1.3438 -2.87 3.0938 -0.63 0.4062 -1.87 3.0312 -1.17 0.62 2.39 0.88 2.39 0.3438 -2.1563 -0.63 0.37 2.0938 -0.4688 -0.0312 -1.7812 -0.7188 -2.83 0.0312 -1.37 2.7812 -0.3438 -2.1563 -0.7188 -1.4062 -1.7188 -1.4688 -0.7812 -1.37 3.3438 -2.1563 -0.38 1.88 1.13 1.7188 -1.7188 -1.4062 -1.0312 -2.12 3.39 0.7812 -1.3438 -2.3438 -2.88 2.37 3.0312 -2.37 3.4688 -0.Application Examples 140 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .17 0.38 1.87 3.7812 -1.62 2.1563 -0.7812 -0.7812 -0.63 0.7188 -2.63 1.62 2.4062 -1.

59 3.79 LIN1 LIN2 141 .79 0.3662 -0.6104 -0.3662 -0.79 1.28 3.04 2.50 L2 CON -1.7188 -1.37 3.3428 -1.3438 -2.41 1.1221 -0.1221 -0.0938 -1.5869 -1.04 2.10 1.21 4.3662 -0.6104 -0.96 6.6104 -0.0986 -1.61 3.49 0.61 3.3428 -1.8311 -1.8545 -0.04 2.65 2.51 7.8545 -0.72 2.28 3.6104 -0.8545 -1.88 1.8311 -1.6104 -0.37 2.0986 -0.51 4.35 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 5.7812 -1.8545 -1.0986 -1.1221 -0.UNIT KNS MEMBER 20 20 20 20 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 UDL -6.0312 -1.13 1.0986 -0.3438 -2.51 4.10 1.37 3.4688 -0.1563 -0.3428 -1.39 0.83 0.21 0.5869 -1.4062 -1.35 2.0986 -0.12 3.83 0.1221 -0.0938 -0.87 3.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .5869 -1.90 7.8311 -1.72 2.8545 -1.7812 -0.8545 -0.49 0.5869 -1.21 0.3428 -1.17 0.1563 -0.4688 -0.8311 -1.90 4.1221 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 3.21 7.72 2.41 1.62 2.0986 -1.63 0.0312 -2.79 1.3662 -0.79 0.21 0.50 -1.8311 5.65 5.90 4.88 2.59 3.3662 -0.96 3.1221 -0.28 6.96 3.0938 -0.21 4.5869 -1.5869 -1.49 0.63 1.2500 GY METE L1 2.35 2.12 3.7188 -2.41 1.4062 -1.7812 -0.3428 -1.4688 -0.59 6.12 2.6104 -0.65 2.10 1.79 1.38 1.1563 -0.3428 -1.3662 -0.8311 -1.

8545 -1.7031 -0.88 1.1719 -1.8594 -0.88 1.63 0.0156 -0.5869 -1.12 3.7031 -0.21 3.62 2.41 1.28 2.0986 -0.6104 -0.1719 -1.7031 -0.37 3.37 3.1221 1.3662 -0.1719 -1.0156 -1.63 0.1719 -1.17 0.13 1.5469 -0.12 2.3906 -0.2344 -0.0781 -0.3906 -0.38 1.5469 -0.8594 -1.00 2.0781 -0.39 0.8545 -0.50 L2 CON -1.61 3.3428 -1.83 0.8594 -1.00 -0.63 1.39 0.8594 -1.0156 -1.8594 -0.88 2.63 0.12 3.5469 -0.62 2.2344 -0.49 0.6104 -0.37 2.88 2.62 2.5469 -0.79 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.61 3.87 3.7031 -0.83 0.39 0.5469 -0.63 1.0156 -1.88 1.88 2.83 0.17 0.35 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.8594 -0.13 1.38 1.2344 -0.12 3.Part I .0781 -0.12 2.38 1.1719 -1.37 3.87 3.1719 -1.0781 -0.2344 -0.37 2.59 2.10 1.17 0.3906 -0.96 2.Application Examples 142 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .87 3.2344 -0.72 2.0156 -0.8311 -1.3662 -0.2500 GY METE L1 0.21 0.UNIT KNS MEMBER 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 32 32 32 UDL -6.0781 -0.37 2.7031 -0.5469 -0.79 1.0781 -0.51 3.65 1.63 1.5869 -1.63 LIN1 LIN2 .3906 -0.50 -0.61 3.13 1.1221 -0.0156 -0.0781 -0.7031 -0.8311 4.2344 -0.0986 -1.2500 GY -6.3906 -0.12 2.3428 -1.3906 -0.2344 -0.04 2.3906 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 1.90 3.17 0.39 0.

3906 -0.28 3.79 0.8311 -1.04 2.21 4.8311 -1.37 2.12 3.49 0.28 2.88 1.21 0.6104 -0.8545 -1.90 4.1221 -0.5869 -1.83 0.1221 -0.41 1.1221 -0.04 2.0986 -1.3428 -1.51 4.8594 -1.UNIT KNS MEMBER 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 UDL -6.38 1.3662 -0.10 1.51 4.10 1.5869 -1.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .8311 -1.8545 -0.21 0.8545 -1.8311 5.35 2.21 3.0986 -0.37 3.90 7.3428 -1.6104 -0.79 1.8311 -1.3662 -0.87 3.65 1.3662 -0.3662 -0.90 4.7031 -0.50 L2 CON -0.8545 -0.28 6.65 5.21 7.61 3.41 1.0986 -0.35 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 5.96 3.1719 -1.04 2.21 4.0156 -0.28 3.0156 -1.8311 -1.65 2.63 1.51 LIN1 LIN2 143 .6104 -0.79 1.96 2.6104 -0.5469 -0.96 3.8594 -0.0986 -1.5869 -1.72 2.59 3.6104 -0.8311 -1.1221 -0.5869 -1.1221 -0.51 7.72 2.41 1.1221 -1.8545 -0.5869 -1.6104 -0.35 2.10 1.5869 -1.3428 -1.3428 -1.0781 -0.2500 GY METE L1 2.65 2.6104 -0.0986 -1.7031 -0.5869 -1.5469 -0.3662 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.59 3.21 0.12 2.1719 -1.8545 -1.3428 -1.79 1.96 6.79 0.49 0.62 2.13 1.49 0.2344 -0.3428 -1.79 1.59 6.88 2.3662 -0.0986 -0.59 2.8545 -0.3662 -0.0986 -0.50 -1.90 3.72 2.3428 -1.

88 2.00 2.37 3.8594 -1.88 2.1221 -0.7031 -0.5469 -0.63 0.0156 L GY 3.88 2.88 2.63 0.0156 -1.38 1.7031 -0.17 0.49 0.3906 -0.83 0.0156 -0.13 1.50 L2 CON -0.12 2.3906 -0.3906 -0.37 2.1719 -1.0781 -0.88 1.62 2.38 1.8594 -0.8594 -0.0156 -1.8594 -1.88 1.2344 -0.88 1.7031 -0.37 3.38 1.2344 -0.Part I .39 0.63 0.0781 -0.Application Examples 144 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .1719 -1.2500 GY -6.50 -0.5469 -0.12 2.3428 -1.63 0.87 3.38 1.39 0.12 2.7031 -0.13 1.12 3.41 1.17 0.5469 -0.2344 -0.2344 -0.21 0.8594 -1.61 3.0781 -0.17 0.1719 -1.1719 -1.62 2.63 1.0156 -0.37 LIN1 LIN2 .5469 -0.12 3.61 3.83 0.1221 1.17 0.2344 -0.1719 -1.8594 -0.63 1.12 3.2500 GY METE L1 0.3906 -0.8594 -1.83 0.6104 -0.35 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.1719 -1.0781 -0.37 3.37 2.87 3.10 1.7031 -0.5469 -0.0781 -0.87 3.1719 -1.62 2.7031 -0.72 2.79 1.61 3.13 1.1719 -1.0156 -1.79 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.0781 -0.3906 -0.0156 -0.5869 -1.8311 4.UNIT KNS MEMBER 35 35 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 UDL -6.39 0.7031 -0.3662 -0.2344 -0.0986 -1.5469 -0.0156 -1.2344 -0.04 2.8545 -1.3906 -0.37 2.63 1.63 1.5469 -0.39 0.3906 -0.00 -0.0781 -0.88 1.13 1.12 2.

00 0.61 -9.co.83 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 49.00 0.00 0.95 49.60 52.00 0.8594 -0.87 3.0781 L GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 LIN2 2.37 3.58 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.3906 -0.80 -6.00 0.15 -5.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.54 1.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.58 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.30 -0.75 7.85 27.co.00 0.60 52.01 0.00 0.70 -0.00 0.00 0.05 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.70 3.14 66.00 0.01 -0.2344 -0.16 -0.com * * Asia support@bentley.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.Pro.00 0.01 -0.00 0.12 3.00 0.70 3.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.5469 -0.62 2.01 0.95 49.16 0.com * ************************************************************ 145 .com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.46 25.71 -20.26 0.00 0.7031 -0.26 0.97 117.01 -0.00 -1.01 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.68 -11.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL L1 METE L2 33 33 33 33 33 33 CON -0.00 0.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 50. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 -9.com * * * * North America support@bentley. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.01 -0.16 0.16 0.70 -0.00 0.80 -6.61 3. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.co.30 -28.00 0.46 25.00 0.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.15 -5.00 0.00 0.72 -12.00 0.00 0.75 7.71 -11.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 -0.

Application Examples 146 Example Problem 15 NOTES .Part I .

Example Problem 16 Example Problem No. 16 Dynamic Analysis (Time History) is performed for a 3 span beam with concentrated and distributed masses. The maxima of joint displacements. member end forces and support reactions are determined. The structure is subjected to “forcing function” and “ground motion” loading. 147 .

MEMBER INCIDENCES 1123 Incidences of members 1 to 3 are specified above.33 All the members have "PRISMATIC" property specification. MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 2 3 PRIS AX 100.0 0. CONSTANTS E 2850 ALL DENSITY 25E-6 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The material constants defined include Young's Modulus "E".0 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 360. .0 2 0. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame.0 0.0 3 0.Part I .Application Examples 148 Example Problem 16 STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS Every input file has to start with the word STAAD.0 0. and Moment of Inertia "IZ" about the Z axis are adequate for the analysis. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 120.0 4 0.0 240. SUPPORTS 1 4 PINNED Pinned supports are located at nodes 1 and 4. UNITS CMS KNS Specifies the units to be used. Since this is a PLANE frame. Area of cross section "AX". density and Poisson’s ratio.0 0.0 Joint number followed by the X.0 IZ 833.

5 –0.0 –0. In this example.0 2.5 1.0 JOINT LOAD 2 3 FX 4000.5 500.5 –1.0 1.5 –0.075 There are 2 stages in the command specification required for a time history analysis.0 TIME LOAD 2 3 FX 1 1 GROUND MOTION X 2 1 This is the second stage in the command specification for time history analysis.0 1.0 Load case 1 above is a static load.0 TYPE 2 ACCELERATION 0. the damping ratio is the same (7. all possible arrival times for these loads on the structure as well as the modal damping ratio are specified. The masses that constitute the mass matrix of the structure are specified through the selfweight and joint load 149 .5 100.0 –0.7 ARRIVAL TIMES 0.0 3.Example Problem 16 UNIT NEWTON METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE 0. The first stage is defined above. LOAD 2 TIME HISTORY LOAD SELFWEIGHT X 1.5 500. Following this data. The former is input in the form of time-force pairs while the latter is in the form of time-acceleration pairs.0 3.1 0. This involves the application of the time varying load on the structure. First the characteristics of the time varying load are provided.0 200.0 0.0 DAMPING 0.0 0.0 2.0 –1.25 1. A uniformly distributed force of 500 Newton/m acts along the global X direction on all 3 members.3 2. The loading type may be a forcing function (vibrating machinery) or ground motion (earthquake).9 2.0 800.0 70. LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 2 3 UNI GX 500.0 –20.5%) for all modes.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.

the value printed using the above command is the absolute maximum value for each of the six degrees of freedom at each node.Part I . PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS During the analysis. The absolute maximum value of the displacement for every joint is then extracted from this joint displacement history. both the "TIME LOAD" and "GROUND MOTION" are applied simultaneously. the maximum value of the member force and support reaction is extracted from these histories and reported in the output file using the above command. So. The user must note that this example is only for illustration purposes and that it may be unlikely that a "TIME FUNCTION" and a "GROUND MOTION" both act on the structure at the same time. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command initiates the analysis process. at nodes 2 and 3. UNIT KNS METER PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The member forces and support reactions too are calculated for every time step.Application Examples 150 Example Problem 16 commands. acting in the global X direction. at arrival time number 1. The Ground motion. is also in the global X direction at arrival time 1. For each degree of freedom. Following that. the program calculates joint displacements for every time step. namely. FINISH . The program will extract the lumped masses from these weights. the Type 2 time history loading. The Time load command is used to apply the Type 1 force.

0 2. 33.0 1. 13.0 4 0.0 2.0 0.5 -1.5 1. 11. 30. 34.Example Problem 16 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 0.0 TYPE 2 ACCELERATION 0.3 2. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = WERE REQUESTED THAN THERE ARE FREE MASSES. 26.9 2. 6.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 3 MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 2 3 PRIS AX 100. 35.5 500.0 800. 27.0 LOAD 2 TIME HISTORY LOAD SELFWEIGHT X 1. 10.0 3.0 200. 31. 4. 22. 37.5 500. 28.1 0.0 0.0 70. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS UNITS CMS KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 3.0 -20. 23. 12.075 LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 2 3 UNI GX 500. 16. 2.0 JOINT LOAD 2 3 FX 4000. MODES REQUESTED = 6 EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 4 MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 4 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** 8 151 .7 ARRIVAL TIMES 0.0 240.0 360.0 IZ 833.0 1. 5.0 -0. Intl. 14. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 20.33 SUPPORTS 1 4 PINNED CONSTANTS E 2850 ALL DENSITY 25E-6 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL UNIT NEWTON METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE 0. 8. 29. 15.5 -0.5 -0.0 0. 7. 18. 36. 19. 25.0 120.0 0.0 DAMPING 0.0 0.25 1.0 0.0 3 0.0 -1.0 -0.0 TIME LOAD 2 3 FX 1 1 GROUND MOTION X 2 1 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL MORE MODES NUMBER OF NUMBER OF NUMBER OF PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 3. 24.5 100.0 2 0. 38.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 17. 32. 21. 9.

0000 0.000 100.000000 39.0000 0.0042 0.090 0.0000 Y-ROTAN 0.0020 -0.0000 0.0000 0.4002 0.00 0.777266E+03 2.0000 0.0000 0.087 11.000 100.0000 0.0000 0.000 0.00 0.0000 0. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 LOAD 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 X-TRANS 0.000 0.000000E+00 0.00 0.000000E+00 0.0000 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0.00130 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 X Y 100.000 0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES Z-ROTAN -0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.000 D A M P I N G USED IN ANALYSIS TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.0750 0.00226 0.0000 0.000 100.00100.0000 0.Application Examples 152 Example Problem 16 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 1 2 3 4 PARTICIPATION FACTORS 2 PERIOD(SEC) 3.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 2 WARNING-NUMBER OF MODES LIMITED TO A FREQUENCY OF 360.0000 0.000 0.0750 Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.08365 0.0042 0.000 100.NEWT METE MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= -2.0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 40.054167 Y= 0.0000 0. TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 2.0084 -0.457 768.0000 0.00 A C T U A L MODAL MODE DAMPING 1 2 3 4 0.0041 -0.8420 0.0000 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.00 0.Part I .00 100.0750 0.0000 0.0000 X-ROTAN 0.000 0.0000 0.0041 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.000000 Z= 0.0084 .000 100.8420 0.0000 0.0 DUE TO THE DT VALUE ENTERED.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.000 0.999 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 2159 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.0000 0.0000 0.4002 0.00 0. UNIT KNS METER 41.955 443.0000 0.0750 0.0000 0.32397 0.0020 0.

00 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.co.00 -0.00 0.67 0.00 0.00 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 4 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 -0.00 1.39 0.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.com * ************************************************************ 153 .00 0.67 2 3 2 3 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.67 3 4 3 4 0.30 0.00 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.67 1.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Pro.00 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.00 0.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 43.co. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.00 0.39 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.90 -1.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.90 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.90 -1.00 0.39 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 0.90 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 0.00 -1. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 0.00 2 2 1 2 3 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 42.00 0.00 0.30 0.00 0.00 0.72 0.39 -1.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 0.39 0.00 0.72 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.39 -0.72 0.00 0.00 -0.30 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.72 0.Example Problem 16 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.

Part I .Application Examples 154 Example Problem 16 NOTES .

17 The usage of User Provided Steel Tables is illustrated in this example for the analysis and design of a plane frame. User provided tables allow one to specify property data for sections not found in the built-in steel section tables. 155 .Example Problem 17 Example Problem No.

7 5 6 .) signs are used as line separators.468. 20 7 9 21 9 11 .4 .75 10.5 11. . 2 9 0 . 12 13 15 . The PLANE command is used to designate the structure as a plane frame.5 11 4. 13 8 13 14 9 12 .534 6 4 5 . This allows the user to provide multiple sets of data on one line. 9 12 14 10 14 16 . The cartesian system is being used here. This completes the geometry of the structure. semicolon (. 19 10 13 . 15 9 14 . MEMBER INCIDENCES 113. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 23 8 10 The above data set contains the member incidence information or the joint connectivity data for each member.2 The above set of data is used to provide joint coordinates for the various joints of the structure.5 11. 9 2. the Z coordinate(s) need to be provided also. The data consists of the joint number followed by global X and Y coordinates. . 3 0 6 0 6 9 6 0 7 0 10.Part I . 15 6.3. 16 4.5 10.5 . 16 11 14 . 12 1.5 .0 12. 13 7.5 . 0. UNIT METER KNS The UNIT command sets the length and force units to be used. 17 11 15 18 10 15 .326. 11 15 16 . 8 7 12 .Application Examples 156 Example Problem 17 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 10 6. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR USER TABLE Every input file has to start with the command STAAD. 22 10 11 .0 12.4 14 3.5 .5 13. In the above input. Note that for a space frame.3 .25 10. 8 9 10.237.

4 1. refer to section 5. the section-name is provided. For detailed information on the various properties required for the different section-types and their order of specification. The data for each section consists of two parts. ten different properties are required.72 12.5 The above data set is used to specify the properties of three wide flange sections.4 BEAM300 47.5 0. are available for specification (See section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual). Upto twenty tables may be specified per run. moment of inertias etc. BEAM250 32.2 0.2 15.15 14150 970 22.9 23. for wide flanges.2 25.6 35. 157 . TEE etc.Example Problem 17 START USER TABLE This command is utilized to set up a User Provided steel table.6 0. Note that several section-types such as WIDE FLANGE.4 0. The user is allowed to provide any section name within twelve characters. TABLE 1 Each table needs an unique numerical identification. In the first line. The second line contains the section properties required for the particular section-type. 1. For example.) provided in a certain order.5 30.73 17. in this case.07 7160 335 14.6 10. The above command starts setting up Table no.7 15. All user provided steel tables must start with this command.8 BEAM350 64.85 3400 150 6. UNIT CM WIDE FLANGE This command is used to specify the section-type as WIDE FLANGE in this table. Each section-type requires a certain number of data (area of cross-section.8 26.3 21.19 in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual.0 35. CHANNEL. depth. ANGLE. Without exception.2 1. all required properties for the particular section-type must be provided.

END This command signifies the end of the user provided table data set.98 1. .33 L50505 5. MEMBER TRUSS 14 TO 23 The above command is used to designate members 14 to 23 as truss members.5 0.5 0. All user provided table related input must be terminated with this command.58 1. The numbers 1 or 2 following the word UPT indicate the table from which section names are fetched.Part I . The word UPT signifies that the properties are from the user provided table.78 1.33 1. MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 3 4 UPT 1 BEAM350 2 UPT 1 BEAM300 .0 4. 5 6 7 UPT 1 BEAM250 8 TO 13 UPT 1 BEAM250 14 TO 19 UPT 2 L30305 20 TO 23 UPT 2 L40405 In the above command lines. the member properties are being assigned from the user provided tables created earlier. This is followed by the table number and then the section name as specified in the user provided table.0 0.0 5.0 0.0 L40405 4.5 0.0 1.67 The above command and data lines set up another user provided table consisting of angle sections.0 0.Application Examples 158 Example Problem 17 TABLE 2 UNIT CM ANGLES L30305 3.67 1.0 3.

and distributed loads on some members. CONSTANTS E STEEL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. 11 FY -155.0 MEMB 3 4 The above command set is used to specify modulus of elasticity. Here. . Built-in default value of steel is used for the material constants. 159 . and length unit to METER using this command.5 . 6 UNI GY –17. SUPPORT 1 FIXED .0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -65.5 The above command set is used to specify the loadings on the structure. 5 and 11. density. 2 PINNED The above command set is used to designate supports. Poisson’s ratio and beta angle values. concentrated loads at joints 4. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y –13. UNIT KNS METER The force unit is reset to KNS. It consists of selfweight. In this case. dead and live loads are provided through load case 1.Example Problem 17 MEMBER RELEASE 5 START MZ The MEMBER RELEASE command is used to release the MZ moment at the start joint of member no. joint 1 is designated as a fixed support and joint 2 is designated as a pinned support. LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 5.

PARAMETER CODE BRITISH BEAM 1. A member selection too is performed for member 20. the member selection will be performed from the table that was originally used for the specification of the member property. FINISH This command terminates a STAAD run. In this case.0 ALL NSF 0.Part I . For each member. .Application Examples 160 Example Problem 17 PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to execute the analysis at this point. It may be noted that properties may be provided (and selection may be performed) from built-in steel tables and user provided tables in the same data file.2 MEMB 3 4 The above commands are used to specify parameters for steel design.85 ALL KY 1. the selection will be from the respective user tables from which the properties were initially assigned. CHECK CODE MEMBER 3 19 SELECT MEMBER 20 This command will perform a code check on members 3 and 19 per the BRITISH steel design code.

15. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 32. 33. 6 UNI GY -17.0 35. 17. 15 9 14 . 5 3 4 6 4 5 . 9 2. 37. 11 FY -155. 12. 55. 8. 10 6. 3. 7.2 0. 16. 40. 45. 42. 22. Intl.67 1. 57. 49.8 BEAM350 64.0 12.5 10.5 0. 36. 23 8 10 START USER TABLE TABLE 1 UNIT CM WIDE FLANGE BEAM250 32.72 12. 46. 43. 17 11 15 18 10 15 .5 0. 13. 4.2 25. 51.67 END MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 3 4 UPT 1 BEAM350 2 UPT 1 BEAM300 . 9 12 14 10 14 16 . 7 5 6 . 58. 19 10 13 .0 L40405 4. 27. 16 4.0 0.15 14150 970 22.73 17.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.58 1. 20 7 9 21 9 11 . 10. 6.33 1. 25. 34. 9.4 BEAM300 47.75 10. 26.98 1. 19. 44. 24.0 1. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -13.0 12. 38.4 0. 20.5 .5 161 . 13 8 13 14 9 12 .4 14 3. . 13 7.5 30. 39.9 23. 2 3 7 .33 L50505 5.2 15.3 21. 23.0 3.3.5 13. 14. 35.2 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 .6 10.25 10. 2 PINNED LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1.5 .5 TABLE 2 UNIT CM ANGLES L30305 3. 8 7 12 . 54.7 15.85 3400 150 6. 22 10 11 .0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT KNS METER SUPPORT 1 FIXED . 30.6 35.5 11. 16 11 14 . 56.0 0. 47.3 . 8 9 10.4 . 0. 28. 29.5 . 12 1. 52. 50. 11.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -65.6 0. 2 9 0 . 31.0 5. 12 13 15 .07 7160 335 14.2 1. 48.5 11 4. . 3 0 6 0 6 9 6 0 7 0 10.0 4.78 1. 11 15 16 .4 1. 2.5 . 53. 15 6.0 0. 41. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR USER TABLE UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.Example Problem 17 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.5 .5 0.5 11. 18.8 26. 5.5 0. 4 6 8 . 21. 5 6 7 UPT 1 BEAM250 8 TO 13 UPT 1 BEAM250 14 TO 19 UPT 2 L30305 20 TO 23 UPT 2 L40405 MEMBER TRUSS 14 TO 23 MEMBER RELEASE 5 START MZ CONSTANTS E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. 3 2 6 .

64.0 ALL NSF 0.85 ALL KY 1.2 MEMB 3 4 CHECK CODE MEMBER 3 19 STAAD.NO.(BSI ) *********************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2.69 C FAIL 18.NO. 28 60.00 1. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN.7 (C) 0.8. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.Pro CODE CHECKING . 61. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 23/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 25 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN. 62. 22 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.1 52.Application Examples 162 Example Problem 17 59.472 0.3.86 BS-4. 63.19 C BS-4.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE . PARAMETER CODE BRITISH BEAM 1.KNS METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= * * 3 ST BEAM350 19 ST L30305 FAIL 246.00 2. SELECT MEMBER 20 1 1 0.3.00 .NO. 65. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 43 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.654 0.Part I .00 ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 66.

38 T BS-4.co. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD. FROM THE UPPER MENU.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * * Asia support@bentley.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 67.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.Pro MEMBER SELECTION .uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .00 1 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.(BSI ) ************************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.970 0. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley. PRESS RESULTS.Pro. UPDATE PROPERTIES. IN THE POST PROCESSOR.com * * Europe support@bentley.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.co.com * ************************************************************ 163 .com * * * * North America support@bentley.6 (T) 0.co.KNS MEMBER METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 20 ST L30305 PASS 62.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS. THEN FILE SAVE.Example Problem 17 STAAD. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS.

Application Examples 164 Example Problem 17 NOTES .Part I .

Fixed Supports at Joints 1. 3. 13 Load intensity = 2000 Kn/sq. 9. 18 This is an example which demonstrates the calculation of principal stresses on a finite element. 5. 4.Example Problem 18 Example Problem No.Y direction 165 . 2.m in .

the connectivities of elements 4 to 9 are generated. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame (3-D structure). based on which. ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 5 6 2 TO 3 REPEAT 2 3 4 Element connectivities of elements 1 to 3 are defined first. UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used. STAAD SPACE SAMPLE CALCULATION FOR * ELEMENT STRESSES Every input has to start with the word STAAD.Part I . The REPEAT command is used to generate coordinates of joints 5 to 16 based on the pattern of joints 1 to 4. ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 9 THICK 0.25 m.Application Examples 166 Example Problem 18 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. .25 Elements 1 to 9 have a thickness of 0. CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONC ALL Modulus of Elasticity and Poisson’s ratio of all the elements is that of the built-in default value for concrete. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. JOINT COORDINATES 10004900 REPEAT 3 0 0 3 Joint number followed by X.

0 A uniform pressure of 2000 Kn/sq. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. the load is assumed to act along the local Z axis. The negative value indicates that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of the local Z.Example Problem 18 SUPPORT 1 TO 4 5 9 13 FIXED "Fixed support" conditions exist at the above mentioned joints. The change of length unit from metre to mms indicates that the values will be printed in KN and MMs units. 167 . UNIT MMS PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 4 Element stresses at the centroid of the element are printed using the above command.m is applied on all the elements. LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 9 PRESSURE -2000. shear stresses. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The above command is self-explanatory. The output includes membrane stresses. In the absence of an explicit direction specification. bending moments per unit width and principal stresses. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.

6.00 0.Application Examples 168 Example Problem 18 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 15.28 35166.28 35166.21 MOM-Y 0.26 0.00 2984.00 0. 8.00 -88169.71 0.53 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. 7.00 66475. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 54 21.44 8767.00 0.00 525. 11.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 9/ 7 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00 24034.47 0. 3. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 9 13 METE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.04 0. UNIT MMS 23.26 0.44 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE FORCE-Z MOM-X 0.00 0.00 391.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 -26681.47 0.71 0.00 0.00 -24034. 9. 2.00 26681. Intl.13 37676. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 4 MOM Z .00 -525.Part I .00 0.71 8767.04 0. 20. 18. 16.21 0. STAAD SPACE SAMPLE CALCULATION FOR * ELEMENT STRESSES UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 9 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 3 ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 5 6 2 TO 3 REPEAT 2 3 4 ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 9 THICK 0. 4.13 37676.00 -2984.00 -66475.00 -1219. 17. 19. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 14.00 -391.00 88169.65 0.25 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONC ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 4 5 9 13 FIXED LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 9 PRESSURE -2000. 13.53 0.65 0. 10. 5. 12.

21 1.3 ANGLE= -23.210789E+00 4 1 1.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 0.01 4 TOP : BOTT: SMAX= SMAX= SQY VONB TRESCAB -0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * Asia support@bentley.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.Pro.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.Example Problem 18 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.22 1.3 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 1.60 0.39 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.02 1. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel. 4 4 CASE NO.com * * Europe support@bentley.217974E+00 -1.01 -1.22 TMAX= TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 10726.00 ANGLE= -23. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.co.co. 1 1 6.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.75 0.217974E+00 PLATE NO.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.02 1.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.22 SMIN= SMIN= MX SX 2111.com * ************************************************************ 169 .21 1.LENGTH UNITS= KNS MMS STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.017370E-01 4 1 1. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD SQX VONT TRESCAT 1 0.60 4553.90 0.217974E+00 4 1 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 24.22 -0.

4372 2 4 = 0.4372 kN/mm 2 TMAX = ( σ x − σy )2 4 + τ 2xy 2 (0.0297) TMAX = + 0.6018 kN/mm 2 .67 = 0.84 kN-mm/mm 10726.84 S 10416 .0 + 10726 .67mm 2 (Section Modulus) σx = SX + MX = 0.22 kN-mm/mm 4553.2027 kN/mm 2 σy = SY + MY = 0.97 S 10416 . SX = SY = SXY = MX = MY = MXY = S 0.67 = 0.Part I .67 = 1.2027 −1.0 kN/mm 2 2111.0 + 2111.97 kN-mm/mm = 1/6t 2 = 1/6*250 2 = 10416.0 + 4553.Application Examples 170 Example Problem 18 Calculation of principal stresses for element 4 Calculations are presented for the top surface only.0 kN/mm 2 0.0297 kN/mm 2 τxy = SXY + MXY = 0.22 S 10416 .0 kN/mm 2 0.

0297 ⎭ = -23.218 kN/mm 2 SMIN = = ( σ x + σy ) 2 say 1.2027 + 1.22 kN/mm2 − TMAX (0.4372 ⎫ 1 = tan −1 ⎨ ⎬ 2 ⎩ 0.2027 − 1.6018 2 = 1.01 kN/ mm2 171 .0144 kN/mm 2 Angle = say 1 ⎪⎧ 2τ xy ⎫⎪ tan −1 ⎨ ⎬ 2 ⎪⎩ σ x − σ y ⎪⎭ ⎧ 2 * 0.2027 + 1.0297) + 0.6018 2 = 0.3 o 0.0297) − 0.Example Problem 18 SMAX = = ( σ x + σy ) 2 + TMAX (0.

Part I .Application Examples 172 Example Problem 18 NOTES .

The word INCLINED refers to the fact that the restraints at a joint where such a support is specified are along a user-specified axis system instead of along the default directions of the global axis system. 173 . 19 This example demonstrates the usage of inclined supports. STAAD offers a few different methods for assigning inclined supports. and we examine those in this example.Example Problem 19 Example Problem No.

The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2. UNIT METER KN Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. UNIT MMS KN MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 4 5 PRIS YD 800 1 TO 3 PRIS YD 750 ZD 500 Properties for all members of the model are provided using the PRISMATIC option. Semicolon signs (. 5 5 0 5.Part I . Moments of Inertia. That enables us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. The values are provided in MMS unit. 4 5 2. 3 3 4. 6 25 0 25. Joint number followed by X. . such as.) are used as line separators. 2 10 5 10. YD and ZD stand for depth and width. All properties required for the analysis. are calculated automatically from these dimensions unless these are explicitly defined. If ZD is not provided. 3 20 5 20. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 5 0. Y and Z coordinates. Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. etc. a circular shape with diameter = YD is assumed for that cross section. 5 6 3. 2 2 3. Area. STAAD SPACE INPUT WIDTH 79 Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 4 30 5 30.Application Examples 174 Example Problem 19 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.

6 and 4. For the remaining one . namely. 6.that keyword is missing. The coordinates of the datum point are hence those of node 3. local Y and local Z axes. At node 6. 5m and 20m). notice the keyword REF followed by the numbers (10.node 1 . 175 . 5. signifying that an INCLINED support is defined there. namely. Hence. the support at node 1 is a global direction support. 5m.10). In order to define the axis system. UNIT METER KN SUPPORTS 5 INCLINED REF 10 5 10 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 6 INCLINED REFJT 3 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 1 PINNED 4 INCLINED 1 0 1 FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ We assign supports (restraints) at 4 nodes . the node number is followed by the keyword INCLINED. 3 different methods are shown in the above 3 instances for defining the datum point. we first have to define a datum point.5. This means that the datum point for support node 6 is the joint number 3 of the model. 1 and 4.Example Problem 19 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. Each node where an inclined support is defined has its own distinct local X. This means that the datum point associated with node 5 is one which has the global coordinates of (10m. At node 5. The support node and the datum point together help define the axis system. Coincidentally. For 3 of those. the keyword REFJT is used followed by the number 3. this happens to be node 2. (20m. 10m). The most important aspect of inclined supports is their axis system.5.

Thus. the 3 numbers which comes after the word INCLINED. The one for node 5 tells us that a line connecting nodes 5 to 2 is the local X axis.free to expand or contract along the axis of member 3. . The local X axis of that support is along the axis of member 5. or the traffic direction. and is hence along the axis of member 4.1). Think of a pile bored into rock with a certain amount of freedom to expand and contract axially. In the absence of the words REF and REFJT. the program sets the datum point to be the following. The line going from node 4 to the datum point (31. Once the datum point is established. 5m and 31m).5. MY and MZ are all released at these supports. Notice the unique nature of these datum points. Since MX. which are (30m. suggesting that it is an expansion joint . we are saying that the lower end of member 4 can move along its axis like the piston of a car engine.5m. Local Y is the vector resulting from the cross product of local Z and local X. It takes the coordinates of node 4. Local Z is the vector obtained by the cross product of local X and the global Y axis (unless the SET Z UP command is used in which case one would use global Z instead of global Y and that would yield local Y). the word INCLINED is merely followed by 3 numbers (1. the local axis system is defined as follows. Local X is a straight line (vector) pointing from the support node towards the datum point.0. By defining a KFX spring at that one. no moment will be resisted by these supports.Application Examples 176 Example Problem 19 At node 4. the datum point becomes (31m.30m) and adds to them. That also happens to be the case for the supported end of member 3. The same is true for the support at the bottom of member 5.Part I . The right hand rule must be used when performing these cross products. The expression FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ for that support indicates that it is free to translate along local X.31) happens to be coincident with the axis of the member.

Example Problem 19

LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD
SELFWEIGHT Y -1.2
LOAD 2 LIVE LOAD
MEMBER LOAD
1 TO 3 UNI GY -6
LOAD COMB 3
1 1.0 2 1.0
PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK

3 load cases followed by the instruction for the type of analysis are
specified. The PRINT STATICS CHECK option will instruct the
program to produce a report consisting of total applied load versus
total reactions from the supports for each primary load case.
PRINT SUPPORT REACTION

By default, support reactions are printed in the global axis
directions. The above command is an instruction for such a report.
SET INCLINED REACTION
PRINT SUPPORT REACTION

Just earlier, we saw how to obtain support reactions in the global
axis system. What if we need them in the inclined axis system?
The “SET INCLINED REACTION” is a switch for that purpose. It
tells the program that reactions should be reported in the inclined
axis system instead of the global axis system. This has to be
followed by the PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS command.
PRINT MEMBER FORCES
PRINT JOINT DISP
FINISH

Member forces are reported in the local axis system of the
members. Joint displacements at all joints are reported in the
global axis system. Following this, the STAAD run is terminated.

177

Part I - Application Examples

178

Example Problem 19
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STAAD.Pro
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Version 2007
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Proprietary Program of
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Research Engineers, Intl.
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Date=
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Time=
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USER ID:
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STAAD SPACE
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 5 0; 2 10 5 10; 3 20 5 20; 4 30 5 30; 5 5 0 5; 6 25 0 25
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2; 2 2 3; 3 3 4; 4 5 2; 5 6 3
UNIT MMS KN
MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
4 5 PRIS YD 800
1 TO 3 PRIS YD 750 ZD 500
CONSTANTS
E CONCRETE ALL
POISSON CONCRETE ALL
DENSITY CONCRETE ALL
UNIT METER KN
SUPPORTS
5 INCLINED REF 10 5 10 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000
6 INCLINED REFJT 3 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000
1 PINNED
4 INCLINED 1 0 1 FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ
LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD
SELFWEIGHT Y -1.2
LOAD 2 LIVE LOAD
MEMBER LOAD
1 TO 3 UNI GY -6
LOAD COMB 3
1 1.0 2 1.0
PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =

6/

5/

4

SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =

2, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =

STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.
DEAD LOAD
***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD
SUMMATION FORCE-X
SUMMATION FORCE-Y
SUMMATION FORCE-Z

( KN
=
=
=

METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING
0.00
-696.00
0.00

SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX=
10439.93 MY=
0.00 MZ=

***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KN
SUMMATION FORCE-X =
SUMMATION FORCE-Y =
SUMMATION FORCE-Z =

-10439.93

METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING
0.00
696.00
0.00

SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX=
-10439.93 MY=
0.00 MZ=

1 )

1 )

10439.93

27
1

Example Problem 19
MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING
MAXIMUMS
AT NODE
X = -7.99237E-01
5
Y = -2.49498E+00
3
Z = -7.99237E-01
5
RX= -2.66161E-03
4
RY= 6.12828E-16
4
RZ= 2.66161E-03
4

1)

STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.
LIVE LOAD

***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD
SUMMATION FORCE-X
SUMMATION FORCE-Y
SUMMATION FORCE-Z

( KN
=
=
=

METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING
0.00
-254.56
0.00

SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX=
3818.38 MY=
0.00 MZ=

***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KN
SUMMATION FORCE-X =
SUMMATION FORCE-Y =
SUMMATION FORCE-Z =

2 )

-3818.38

METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING
0.00
254.56
0.00

SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX=
-3818.38 MY=
0.00 MZ=
MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING
MAXIMUMS
AT NODE
X = -2.97411E-01
5
Y = -9.31566E-01
3
Z = -2.97411E-01
5
RX= -1.18888E-03
4
RY= 2.28152E-16
4
RZ= 1.18888E-03
4

2

2 )

3818.38
2)

************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************
30. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION
SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN
----------------JOINT
5

6

1

4

METE

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3

215.36
86.45
301.81
-212.20
-85.19
-297.39
-3.15
-1.27
-4.42
0.00
0.00
0.00

288.60
94.77
383.37
286.84
94.06
380.91
60.21
32.84
93.05
60.33
32.89
93.22

215.36
86.45
301.81
-212.20
-85.19
-297.39
-3.15
-1.27
-4.42
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

31. SET INCLINED REACTION
32. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION

179

Part I - Application Examples

180

Example Problem 19
SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN
----------------JOINT

METE

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3

415.30
154.54
569.83
410.64
152.67
563.31
-3.15
-1.27
-4.42
0.00
0.00
0.00

59.81
6.79
66.60
60.94
7.25
68.19
60.21
32.84
93.05
60.33
32.89
93.22

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
-3.15
-1.27
-4.42
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

5

6

1

4

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

33. PRINT MEMBER FORCES
MEMBER END FORCES
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KN
MEMBER
1

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1
2
1
2
1
2

-4.46
4.46
-1.79
1.79
-6.25
6.25

60.21
89.73
32.84
52.01
93.05
141.75

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
-208.74
0.00
-135.58
0.00
-344.32

2
3
2
3
2
3

300.10
-300.10
120.47
-120.47
420.57
-420.57

75.79
74.15
42.75
42.10
118.55
116.25

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

125.95
-114.37
76.77
-72.12
202.71
-186.49

3
4
3
4
3
4

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

89.61
60.33
51.96
32.89
141.58
93.22

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

207.02
0.00
134.89
0.00
341.90
0.00

5
2
5
2
5
2

415.30
-344.24
154.54
-154.54
569.83
-498.77

59.81
40.69
6.79
-6.79
66.60
33.90

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
82.79
0.00
58.81
0.00
141.61

6
3
6
3
6
3

410.64
-339.58
152.67
-152.67
563.31
-492.25

60.94
39.55
7.25
-7.25
68.19
32.30

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
92.64
0.00
62.77
0.00
155.41

1
2
3

1
2
3

4

1
2
3

5

(LOCAL )

1

3

3

METE

LOAD

2

2

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

1
2
3

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

Example Problem 19
34. PRINT JOINT DISP
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM
-----------------JOINT
1

2

3

4

5

6

LOAD

X-TRANS

1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3

RADIANS)

Y-TRANS

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0005
0.0002
0.0008
-0.0363
-0.0146
-0.0509
-0.0363
-0.0146
-0.0509
-0.7992
-0.2974
-1.0966
0.7903
0.2938
1.0841

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-2.4510
-0.9139
-3.3649
-2.4950
-0.9316
-3.4265
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-0.7992
-0.2974
-1.0966
-0.7903
-0.2938
-1.0841

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

Z-TRANS
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0005
0.0002
0.0008
-0.0363
-0.0146
-0.0509
-0.0363
-0.0146
-0.0509
-0.7992
-0.2974
-1.0966
0.7903
0.2938
1.0841

X-ROTAN

Y-ROTAN

0.0026
0.0012
0.0038
0.0007
0.0003
0.0011
-0.0007
-0.0003
-0.0011
-0.0027
-0.0012
-0.0039
0.0023
0.0007
0.0031
-0.0024
-0.0008
-0.0032

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Z-ROTAN
-0.0026
-0.0012
-0.0038
-0.0007
-0.0003
-0.0011
0.0007
0.0003
0.0011
0.0027
0.0012
0.0039
-0.0023
-0.0007
-0.0031
0.0024
0.0008
0.0032

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

35. FINISH

*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

****

************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Research Engineers Offices at the following locations *
*
*
*
Telephone
Email
*
* USA:
+1 (714)974-2500
support@bentley.com
*
* CANADA
+1 (905)632-4771
detech@odandetech.com *
* UK
+44(1454)207-000
support@reel.co.uk
*
* FRANCE
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support@reel.co.uk
*
* GERMANY
+49/931/40468-71
info@reig.de
*
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+47 67 57 21 30
staad@edr.no
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*
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*
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support@bentley.com
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************************************************************

181

Part I - Application Examples

182

Example Problem 19

NOTES

Example Problem 20

Example Problem No. 20
This example generates the geometry of a cylindrical tank structure
using the cylindrical coordinate system. The tank lies on its side in
this example.

3

2
11 2
3
4

10
10 19
11
12

18

1

1

20

9

4
9
12

5

17
8

13

6

16

8

21

5

16

13
7
7
14

6

24
15
15
22
14
23

183

the pattern of joints 1 to 8 at Z-increments of 3. JOINT COORD CYLINDRICAL The above command instructs the program that the coordinate data that follows is in the cylindrical coordinate system (r.Part I . REPEAT 2 0 0 3. the coordinates in the XY plane are generated using the cylindrical coordinate system.Application Examples 184 Example Problem 20 In this example. Joints 2 to 7 are generated by equal incrementation of the coordinate values between joints 1 and 8.0 metres for each REPEAT.0 The REPEAT command is used to generate joints 9 through 24 by repeating twice. theta of 0 degrees and Z of 0 ft. 1 3.5 315 0 Joint 1 has an 'r' of 3.5 0 0 8 3. The 315 degrees angle is measured counter-clockwise from the +ve direction of the X-axis. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 10 9 TO 7 1 1 8 8 1 9 16 REPEAT ALL 1 8 8 .theta. STAAD SPACE UNIT METER KN The type of structure (SPACE frame) and length and force units for data to follow are specified. The radial direction is in the XY plane and longitudinal direction is along the Z-axis. Hence.5 metres. a cylindrical tank is modeled using finite elements. the output is in the cartesian coordinate system. theta of 315 degrees and Z of 0 ft.5 metres.z). Joint 8 has an 'r' of 3. Note that even though the input data was in the cylindrical coordinate system. PRINT JOINT COORD The above command is used to produce a report consisting of the coordinates of all the joints in the cartesian coordinate system.

PRINT ELEMENT INFO The above command is self-explanatory. Incidences of element 8 has been defined above as 8 1 9 16. The REPEAT ALL command states that the pattern of ALL the elements defined by the previous 2 lines.Example Problem 20 The above 4 lines identify the element incidences of all 16 elements. Incidences of element 2 is generated by incrementing the joint numbers of element 1 by 1. incidences of element 3 is generated by incrementing the incidences of element 2 by 1 and so on upto element 7. namely elements 1 to 8. must be REPEATED once with an element number increment of 8 and a joint number increment of 8 to generate elements 9 through 16. FINISH 185 . Incidences of element 1 is defined as 1 2 10 9.

500 -2. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.475 3. Intl.000 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 7.475 3.000 6.000 3.475 0.Part I . ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 10 9 TO 7 1 1 8 8 1 9 16 REPEAT ALL 1 8 8 PRINT ELEMENT INFO .475 3.500 2. 8.500 2. 10.000 2.475 -3.475 0.500 -2.000 3.000 6.000 2.000 0.500 2.000 3.000 2.500 -2.000 6. 4.5 315 0 REPEAT 2 0 0 3.000 0.475 0.475 0. 3.000 3.475 0.000 0.5 0 0 8 3.000 2.000 2.500 2.000 -2.000 6.000 -2.000 -2.475 0.Application Examples 186 Example Problem 20 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.000 -2.475 0.475 Z 0.500 2. 6.475 0.475 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.000 3.000 6.000 -2. 11.475 -3. STAAD SPACE UNIT METER KN JOINT COORD CYLINDRICAL 1 3.475 -3.000 0.475 0.500 -2.500 2. 2.000 0.000 2.0 PRINT JOINT COORD JOINT COORDINATES ----------------COORDINATES ARE METE UNIT JOINT X Y 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 3. 9.475 -3.000 -2.000 6.000 0.000 3.000 0.000 3.475 -3.475 3.000 3. 5.475 -3.000 6.500 -2.475 3.000 6.500 -2.475 0.475 0.

00 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.00 0.0364 8.00 0.0364 8.000 0.00 0.0364 8.000 0.00 0.Pro.000 0.00 0.co.00 0.0364 8.0364 8.0364 8.000 0.000 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.000 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.00 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.00 0.00 ******************END OF ELEMENT INFO****************** 12.00 0.000 0.000 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 0.Example Problem 20 ELEMENT INFORMATION ------------------ELEMENT NO.00 0.000 0.00 AREA 8.000 0. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 INCIDENCES 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 9 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 17 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 THICK (METE) POISS 0.000 0.00 0.0364 8.com * ************************************************************ G 0.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.000 E 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.0364 8.000 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.0364 8.0364 187 . FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.0364 8.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.000 0.0364 8.0364 8.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.000 0.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.0364 8.co.0364 8.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.000 0.000 0.000 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.0364 8.000 0.

Part I .Application Examples 188 Example Problem 20 NOTES .

21 This example illustrates the modeling of tension-only members using the MEMBER TENSION command.Example Problem 21 Example Problem No. 189 .

The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. 8 2 4 . the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. 6 5. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. 5 5.Part I .25 0 Joint coordintes of joints 1 to 6 are defined above. Consequently.5 . This is because. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). 2 0 3. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TENSION-ONLY MEMBERS The input data is initiated with the word STAAD.0 . 10 2 5 Incidences of members 1 to 10 are defined. 7 2 6 . SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. It is important to note that the analysis can be done for only 1 load case at a time. UNIT METER KNS Units for the commands to follow are defined above. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1125 6 1 5 .25 3. To accommodate these requirements. This structure is a PLANE frame. .5 . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . the set of “active” members (and hence the stiffness matrix) is load case dependent. Also. 4 5. the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case.Application Examples 190 Example Problem 21 This example has been created to illustrate the command specification for a structure with certain members capable of carrying tensile force only.25 7.0 . it is necessary to have 2 commands. 3 0 7. 9 3 5 .

Example Problem 21 MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are defined as TENSION-only members. any of the members 6 to 9 is found to be carrying a compressive force. and Poisson’s ratio are specified. LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 Load 1 is defined above and consists of joint loads at joints 2 and 3. MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 TO 10 TA ST UC152X152X30 All members have been assigned a UC section from the British table. if during the analysis. material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity). PERFORM ANALYSIS An analysis is carried out for load case 1. In this case. SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED The supports are defined above. CONSTANTS E STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Following the command CONSTANTS. Hence for each load case. the built-in default value of steel is assigned. 191 . it is disabled from the structure and the analysis is carried out again with the modified structure.

Part I . any tension-only members that become inactivated during the second analysis (due to the fact that they were subjected to compressive axial forces) are re-activated with the CHANGE command. LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. The members with the tension-only attribute are specified again. the above instruction is the same as the following: . We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 and 2 acting simultaneously. Without re-activation. PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE The instruction to analyze the structure is specified again. Next. In other words. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case.Application Examples 192 Example Problem 21 CHANGE MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 One or more among the members 6 to 9 may have been inactivated in the previous analysis. LOAD 2 JOINT LOAD 4 FX -45 5 FX -70 Load case 2 is described above.0 2 1.0 Load case 3 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier. these members cannot be accessed for any further operations.

CHANGE LOAD LIST 1 2 3 The members inactivated during the analysis of load 3 are reactivated for further processing. The LOAD LIST command enables the above listed load cases to be made active for further processing.Example Problem 21 LOAD 3 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 4 FX -45 5 FX -70 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is carried out for load case 3. 193 . only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS FINI The analysis results are printed and the run terminated. At the end of any analysis. are recognized as the "active" load cases.

0 35. 20. 9 3 5 . 13. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO.25 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 6 1 5 . 1 2 iterations. 15. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS 2 iterations. 22. 6. CHANGE 24. 14. 1 1. 3. 2. 4. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TENSION-ONLY MEMBERS UNIT METER KNS SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 23. 5 5.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 17. MEMBER TENSION 25. 10 2 5 MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 TO 10 TA ST UC152X152X30 CONSTANTS E STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 10/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = **START ITERATION NO. JOINT LOAD 28.Application Examples 194 Example Problem 21 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. Case= 2 2 iterations. 8. 14 2 . 19. 16. REPEAT LOAD 34. 18.0 . Intl. 21. CHANGE 32.0 . 3 0 7.0 2 1. 8 2 4 . 12. 10.25 3. CHANGE 37. 7. 4 FX -45 29.5 . 11. 5 FX -70 30.25 7. Case= 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 31. 9. 6 5. LOAD 3 33. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 6 TO 9 26. 2 0 3. 1. 5.5 . PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. LOAD LIST 1 2 3 38.Part I . LOAD 2 27. Case= 3 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 36. 7 2 6 . 4 5.

0000 0.05 -0.0002 0.05 -106.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.05 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -30.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 106.00 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 JOINT Z-TRANS 0.67 106.0008 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.2412 -0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -114.00 0.0234 0.79 45.0000 0.0234 0.00 0.25 0.00 0.0151 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0136 0.00 0.44 -0.0000 0.00 0.0004 0.20 0.0004 0.76 -0.00 0.0475 0.00 0.0608 0.0000 0.0000 0.92 0.1648 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.14 2 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 195 .76 0.0004 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.Example Problem 21 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 2 3 4 5 6 X-TRANS RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.79 44.0000 0.04 3 4 3 4 3 4 44.0000 0.67 0.00 0.00 0.05 -45.0000 0.00 -0.0151 0.05 -0.00 0.00 0.05 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------- STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE X-ROTAN 0.0000 0.00 0.44 -0.00 0.21 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.3722 -0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.67 -106.0000 0.00 0.0005 0.20 0.00 0.00 0.67 -106.0000 0.0000 0.23 106.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0004 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.05 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 METE Y-ROTAN 0.77 -0.00 0.00 0.04 -0.0000 0.00 0.67 0.0000 0.00 0.0135 -0.76 0.00 0.0004 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 0.0000 0.0000 -0.00 0.1648 0.00 0.82 -29.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0475 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.04 4 5 4 5 4 5 29.00 0.0008 0.00 0.08 114.00 0.08 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.3423 0.05 -0.25 29.00 0.92 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 -0.26 -0.00 0.0000 0.05 0.44 -0.29 0.25 -0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 -0.25 0.55 -0.00 0.0000 -0.0005 -0.25 0.0000 0.00 0.79 -44.00 0.55 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.3722 -0.08 0.00 1 6 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 2 3 2 3 2 3 -0.2412 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.77 -0.89 0.0000 0.08 0.0608 0.21 0.0135 0.82 0.76 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.3423 -0.79 -44.00 0.55 -0.0002 0.00 0.25 0.00 0.0000 -0.82 -0.00 0.0000 -0.00 0.05 0.0136 -0.0000 0.00 0.25 0.21 -0.00 0.14 -0.0000 0.44 0.04 0.0004 0.0000 0.0000 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.21 -0.0000 0.0000 0.55 0.26 -0.82 -29.0000 0.23 30.00 0.

00 0.06 1.41 0.81 137.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 0.Application Examples 196 Example Problem 21 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.31 114.00 0.00 2 5 2 5 2 5 114.30 53.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 0.00 0.90 -69.00 0.00 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 137.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 0.00 -137.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.09 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -53.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 0.00 0.31 69.00 0.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.09 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.23 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 0.00 0.31 -114.Pro.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 -53.05 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 1.00 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 0.31 -114.co.67 -106.00 0.08 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.23 30.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 5 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 5 6 106.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 53.00 0.30 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.26 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 -30.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1 5 1 5 1 5 -137.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * ************************************************************ .08 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.89 0.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.02 2 3 6 1 2 3 7 1 2 3 8 1 2 3 9 1 2 3 10 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 39.00 0.00 0.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 0.00 0.00 0. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.41 0.00 0.

Example Problem 21 NOTES 197 .

Application Examples 198 Example Problem 21 NOTES .Part I .

The commands necessary to describe the sine function are demonstrated in this example. 199 . Time History analysis is performed on this model. 22 A space frame structure is subjected to a sinusoidal (dynamic) loading.Example Problem 22 Example Problem No.

15 8 13 . JOINT COORDINATES 1000.5 The joint number followed by the X. Y and Z axes.) are used as line separators to facilitate input of multiple sets of data on one line. 14 13 10 . Semicolon characters (.4005 5 0 7 0 . 12 12 5 13 6 13 .Application Examples 200 Example Problem 22 STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. . 10 2. 3 3 9 . 11 11 12 . 11 0 7 5 12 0 7 2. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 5 .5 9 5 7 5 . 8 5 7 2.5 7 0 .5 7 5 . 6 2. 10 10 11 . 16 13 12 The members are defined by the joints they are connected to. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 9 9 10 .5 7 2.5 .2500. 2 2 7 .Part I . UNIT KNS METER The units for the data that follows are specified above. 7 5 7 0 . The comment line which begins with an asterisk is an optional title to identify this project.3505. 8 8 9 . The UNIT command is specified to change the units for length from METER to MMS. Y and Z coordinates are specified above. 13 2. 5 5 6 . UNIT MMS MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 TO 4 PRIS YD 600 ZD 600 5 TO 16 PRIS YD 450 ZD 450 Members 1 to 16 are defined as PRISmatic sections with width and depth values provided using the YD and ZD options. 4 4 11 . 6 6 7 7 7 8 .

which describes the variation of force with time. density and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. Built-in default values for concrete are used. which is apparent from the fact that only one TYPE is defined. The first stage is defined above. In this file. only one data set is defined. a sinusoidal function.) The command FUNCTION SINE indicates that instead of providing the data set as discrete TIME-FORCE pairs. the parameters of the sinusoidal loading are provided. Here. The word FORCE that follows the TYPE 1 command signifies that this data set is for a forcing function.0 DAMPING 0.Example Problem 22 SUPPORTS 1 TO 4 PINNED Joints 1 to 4 are declared to be pinned-supported. Each data set is individually identified by the number that follows the TYPE command.075 There are two stages in the command specification required for a time-history analysis. 201 . an ACCELERATION may be specified. is provided. DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE * FOLLOWING LINES FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR FUNCTION SINE AMPLITUDE 30 FREQUENCY 60 CYCLES 100 * ARRIVAL TIMES 0. (If one wishes to specify an earthquake motion. CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity (E).

075. UNIT METER LOAD 1 MEMBER LOAD 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 UNI GY -10. The 2 sets of data specified here are a) the weights for generation of the mass matrix and b) the application of the time varying loads on the structure. such as FREQUENCY. and number of CYCLES of application are then defined.0 8 12 FY 15. A uniformly distributed load of 10 kN/m acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on some members.31. STAAD internally generates discrete TIME-FORCE pairs of data from the sine function in steps of time defined by the default value (see section 5. The arrival time value indicates the relative value of time at which the force begins to act upon the structure.0 8 12 FZ 15.Application Examples 202 Example Problem 22 The parameters of the sine function.Part I . .0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1.6 of the Technical Reference Manual for more information). The modal damping ratio for all the modes is set to 0. AMPLITUDE.0 JOINT LOAD 8 12 FX 15. LOAD 2 SELFWEIGHT X 1.0 TIME LOAD 8 12 FX 1 1 This is the second stage of command specification for time history analysis.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. The weights (from which the masses for the mass matrix are obtained) are specified in the form of selfweight and joint loads.0 The above data describe a static load case.

the sinusoidal force is applied using the "TIME LOAD" command. The forcing function described by the TYPE 1 load is applied on joints 8 and 12 and it starts to act starting at a time defined by the 1st arrival time number. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS FINI The above commands are self explanatory.Example Problem 22 Following that. 203 . The FINISH command terminates the STAAD run.

18. 12 12 5 13 6 13 . 10. 44.38889E-03 ENDING TIME FOR THIS DIGITIZED HARMONIC FUNCTION 1. 2 2 7 . 4. 14 13 10 . 13. 16. 3 3 9 . 45.0 8 12 FY 15. 20. 25. 7.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 23. 7 5 7 0 .0 8 12 FZ 15.0 DAMPING 0. Intl. 12. 14.5 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 5 . 35. 27.0 JOINT LOAD 8 12 FX 15. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.5 7 2.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. 38. 31.0 LOAD 2 SELFWEIGHT X 1. 26. 6 2. 9. 40. 4 4 11 . 46.5 7 0 . 30. 15. 29. 15 8 13 . 6. 33. 8 8 9 . 39. 5 5 6 .5 9 5 7 5 . 8 5 7 2. 19. 11 0 7 5 12 0 7 2. 41. 3 5 0 5 . 22. * ARRIVAL TIMES 0.5 . 37.66667E+00 28.Part I . 10 10 11 . 43.Application Examples 204 Example Problem 22 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 36. 16 13 12 UNIT MMS MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 TO 4 PRIS YD 600 ZD 600 5 TO 16 PRIS YD 450 ZD 450 SUPPORTS 1 TO 4 PINNED CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE * FOLLOWING LINES FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR FUNCTION SINE AMPLITUDE 30 FREQUENCY 60 CYCLES 100 FOR SEQUENTIAL HARMONIC FORCING CURVE NUMBER= 1 NUMBER OF POINTS IN DIGITIZED HARMONIC FUNCTION= 1201 NUMBER OF POINTS PER QUARTER CYCLE OF HARMONIC FUNCTION= 3 FORCE STEP DELTA TIME PER POINT 1. 11 11 12 . 8. 2. 2 5 0 0 .0 TIME LOAD 8 12 FX 1 1 PERFORM ANALYSIS . 11.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 32. 6 6 7 7 7 8 . 13 2. 17. 42. 5. 34. 10 2. 9 9 10 . 24. 21. 3.5 7 5 . 4 0 0 5 5 0 7 0 . STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR UNIT KNS METER JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 .075 UNIT METER LOAD 1 MEMBER LOAD 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 UNI GY -10.

669199E+00 0.0750 0.998 99.00 0.04254 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 A C T U A L X Y Z 100.00 0.998 99.214 18.00 0.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 6 TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 1.00 0.998 99.118056 205 .113889 Z= -4.863 1.0750 0.000 0.998 99.KNS MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= METE -1.841255E-06 0.00 0.45158 0.0750 0.0750 0.000 99.00 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS Y= -5.000 0.53639 0.00 43.05181 0.996 99.996 99.05459 0.53664 0.00 0.Example Problem 22 P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 13/ 16/ 4 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.303 23.00 0.46 0.00 0.998 D A M P I N G USED IN ANALYSIS TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.00 0.318 19.996 99.00 0.456 0.509 0.097819E-08 0.000 43.0750 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 99.665 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 1199 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 66 6 27 6 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 1.000 0.00 0.00 0.00100.996 99.456 43.00 MODAL MODE DAMPING 1 2 3 4 5 6 0.0750 0.999 0.127778 47.996 99.00 0.864 2.

00 0.15 0.00 0.0000 -0.15 -2.15 2.00 0.42 -2.0000 0.92 2 7 2 7 50.0000 -0.0002 0.00 0.42 2.0001 0.42 -0.0001 0.0000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2.00 15.15 50.15 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0408 0.0000 -0.02 0.0001 0.00 0.42 -2.0000 0.00 2.15 -2.0000 0.00 1.0000 0.0408 0.0000 0.15 1.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 -1.15 -2.0000 0.0045 0.0001 -0.15 -0.15 -0.0005 -0.00 0.0001 0.0000 0.15 -2.0000 0.0000 0.12 0.00 0.0000 0.0001 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0408 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.12 0.00 0.42 -0.0000 0.00 0.15 2.00 0.15 -0.15 0.42 50.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 -50.02 0.0001 -0.0410 -0.0000 0.00 2.42 -2.00 0.15 1.0410 0.0000 -0.00 15.15 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.0000 0.0001 -0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 -50.15 2.00 0.0000 0.0001 0.00 0.00 1 2 3 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.0000 0.0000 0.42 -0.0045 0.04 0.00 -15.0000 0.00 -50.0472 0.15 -0.0000 0.42 2.15 -0.00 0.12 0.0000 0.0001 -0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 5 1 5 50.00 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0408 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.00 0.0000 0.15 0.0001 0.00 -50.0002 0.00 -15.00 1.02 0.00 2.92 4 11 4 11 50.15 0.0000 0.92 2 2 1 2 3 1 2 4 1 2 .0001 0.0408 0.0001 0.02 0.00 0.15 0.00 -15.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0001 0.12 0.0001 -0.00 15.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.04 0.Part I .0001 0.0000 0.0002 0.0001 0.0002 0.00 -1.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 15.15 2.04 0.0001 -0.0583 0.0000 0.00 0.42 2.15 0.0000 -0.0472 0.02 0.42 -0.0408 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.00 -15.15 50.0000 0.00 0.02 -0.00 0.04 0.15 0.0000 0.15 2.02 -2.00 0.42 -2.0001 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------- STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0045 -0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.15 -2.02 2.04 0.15 -0.15 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.00 -0.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.02 0.0000 0.00 0.00 -1.92 3 9 3 9 50.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 -1.0000 METE X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN -0.0001 0.00 0.Application Examples 206 Example Problem 22 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 X-TRANS RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.0000 0.02 -0.02 0.00 0.00 2.15 2.0002 0.00 1.15 2.00 0.0045 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0410 JOINT Z-TRANS 0.04 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0001 -0.04 0.00 0.0000 0.00 1.04 0.02 -2.15 -0.0000 -0.15 -2.0005 -0.00 0.0000 0.0472 0.0000 0.15 -1.0472 -0.0002 0.00 0.0001 0.15 -1.0002 0.00 0.0000 0.

06 0.06 1.54 -0.07 0.06 -0.21 8 9 8 9 2.00 0.00 0.09 -0.05 1.08 -14.00 -2.04 -0.38 -0.14 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.06 0.02 -0.00 0.12 -0.09 -2.05 -0.00 -0.06 -0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 5 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 2.36 0.12 -0.04 -0.08 -14.36 -0.64 0.09 -2.00 0.38 -0.89 -16.10 -0.89 2.00 -0.12 16.00 0.32 1.05 0.64 -0.00 -0.21 0.32 -0.00 0.64 2.12 0.10 25.32 -1.00 0.13 -2.06 0.05 -1.38 0.06 0.89 -0.14 9 10 9 10 2.00 -0.04 0.00 0.32 -1.09 0.00 0.12 -0.04 25.07 0.00 0.12 -0.00 0.07 0.Example Problem 22 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.02 0.14 -0.07 -0.00 0.00 8 13 8 13 0.10 0.07 -0.14 -0.00 0.08 0.00 0.10 -0.07 -0.06 -0.03 -0.09 -0.24 0.06 0.05 0.64 0.05 1.64 0.06 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.07 -0.00 13 10 13 10 0.10 0.06 -0.21 12 5 12 5 2.06 16.07 0.00 0.09 -0.89 0.08 0.03 0.21 -0.06 0.05 -1.09 0.00 -1.00 0.10 0.02 -0.07 0.17 -0.14 6 13 6 13 0.08 1.12 -0.36 -0.08 -0.24 -0.12 -0.14 0.13 0.38 -0.08 1.36 14.14 0.14 0.09 0.10 -0.06 0.06 0.08 -1.00 0.24 -0.06 16.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 0.06 -0.32 -1.00 0.17 0.00 0.09 -2.09 -0.04 0.07 0.00 0.08 -0.36 14.17 0.00 0.07 -0.08 -0.00 0.00 25.06 -1.08 0.89 -16.06 -1.12 0.32 0.03 0.02 0.00 0.54 11 12 11 12 2.08 10 11 10 11 2.00 0.00 -2.14 0.12 -0.05 -0.32 1.14 -0.10 0.08 0.06 -0.06 -0.06 -0.09 0.12 16.54 0.36 14.00 0.09 -2.00 0.00 0.10 0.08 -14.07 0.76 -0.08 -14.00 0.32 1.89 -16.00 -1.08 -0.14 -0.00 0.00 0.00 25.36 14.00 0.00 0.10 0.17 0.07 0.89 -2.00 0.32 -0.00 0.32 1.36 0.00 0.06 1.02 -0.00 0.12 0.24 0.00 0.07 -0.12 -2.00 25.06 -0.06 -0.00 25.38 0.32 0.89 -16.00 0.06 0.04 0.32 0.00 0.00 0.09 -2.32 -1.00 0.10 0.64 2.00 0.76 2 6 1 2 7 1 2 8 1 2 9 1 2 10 1 2 11 1 2 12 1 2 13 1 2 14 1 2 15 1 2 16 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 207 .00 1.02 0.07 -0.02 0.32 0.38 0.08 -1.32 -0.38 0.04 25.00 0.07 -0.32 -0.17 13 12 13 12 0.06 -0.00 0.00 -0.02 -0.64 2.12 0.08 -2.09 -2.09 -2.00 0.03 0.04 0.08 6 7 6 7 2.17 0.64 2.38 -0.08 2.10 25.54 7 8 7 8 2.00 0.09 -2.00 0.

Application Examples 208 Example Problem 22 48.co.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.com * ************************************************************ .co.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.Part I . please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * Asia support@bentley.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.com * * Europe support@bentley.Pro.co.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * * * * North America support@bentley.

Example Problem 23 Example Problem No. 209 . 23 This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to automatically generate spring supports for a slab on grade. The slab is subjected to pressure loading and analysis of the structure is performed. The numbers shown in the diagram below are the element numbers.

0 0.0 0.0 6. 3 times.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 2.83 0. The results of the generation may be visually verified using the STAAD graphical viewing facilities.0 For joints 1 through 7.0 0. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 9.0 4. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.0 REPEAT 5 2 0.Part I .83 metres.0 REPEAT 3 2.0 REPEAT ALL 3 2.17 7 0. REPEAT commands are used to generate the remaining joints of the structure.0 0. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 The incidences of element number 1 is defined and that data is used as a basis for generating the 2nd through the 6th element.0 2.0 0.0 12.Application Examples 210 Example Problem 23 STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. The coordinates of these joints is used as a basis for generating 21 more joints by incrementing the X coordinate of each of these 7 joints by 2.17 6 0.0 3 0. The remainder of the words form a title to identify this project. Y and Z axes.67 0. the joint number followed by the X. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 0. UNIT METER KNS The units for the data that follows are specified above.78 5 0.67 0.0 REPEAT 3 2.83 0. The incidence pattern of the first 6 elements is then used to generate .0 13.0 0.0 0.0 0.39 4 0.0 0.0 0.33 2 0.0 0.

UNIT CM ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 14.0 The thickness of elements 1 to 102 is specified as 14 cms following the command ELEMENT PROPERTIES.Example Problem 23 the incidences of 96 (= 16 x 6) more elements using the REPEAT command. The program will determine the area under the influence of each joint and multiply the influence area by the subgrade reaction to arrive at the spring stiffness for the "FY" degree of freedom at the joint. UNIT METER CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity (E) and Poisson’s Ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. These springs are located at nodes 1 to 126.m. PRINT SUPP INFO This command will enable us to obtain the details of the support conditions which were generated using the earlier commands. SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUB 1570. 211 . Additional information on this feature may be found in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. The built-in default value for concrete is used. The subgrade modulus of the soil is specified as 1570 KN/cu. The above command is used to instruct STAAD to generate supports with springs which are effective in the global Y direction.

LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -965.2 kN/sq. 5 FY -1373. Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the negative global Y direction.Part I . 26 FY -2414. 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -1368. 103 FY -2166.0 and then algebraically add the results. It instructs STAAD to factor loads 1 and 2 by a value of 1. is specified above. LOADING COMBINATION 101 TOTAL LOAD 1 1. 22 23 FY -1824. A load combination case. 27 FY -4828.m.2 The above data describe a static load case. 47 54 82 FY -1175. 8 9 FY -485. 125 FY -2431. 104 FY -4333. 2 1. 29 30 FY -912. 92 93 FY -912. . 48 55 76 83 FY -2350. 120 121 FY -965. identified with load case number 101. acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on all the 102 elements. 99 100 FY -1824. 124 FY -1216. 113 114 FY -485. 6 FY -2746.Application Examples 212 Example Problem 23 LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY –74. A pressure load of 74.

213 .Example Problem 23 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is initiated using the above command. is obtained with the help of the above commands. for load case 101. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. UNIT CM LOAD LIST 101 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 33 56 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 Joint displacements for joints 33 and 56. and element stresses for elements 34 and 67.

STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.9 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0. 5.0 REPEAT 3 2.0 0 1 0.0 0 0. 0=RELEASED) ------------------UNITS FOR SPRING CONSTANTS ARE KNS METE DEGREES JOINT 1 FORCE-X/ KFX 1 0.0 0.0 1 0. 9. 19.5 0 11596.0 0 0. PRINT SUPP INFO SUPPORT INFORMATION (1=FIXED. 11.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 2 1 0.0 0.Application Examples 214 Example Problem 23 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 0 0.3 0 9263.33 2 0.0 1 1 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.5 0 5798.0 0 0.0 3 1 4 1 0.0 0 0.0 7 1 8 1 0.0 REPEAT ALL 3 2.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0. 22.17 7 0. 14.0 0 1 0. 18.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 UNIT CM ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 14. 20.0 10 1 11 1 0. 25.0 0. 3. 4.2 0 5120. 24.0 1 0. 7.0 0. 12.0 0.0 1 0.83 0.0 6.0 5 1 6 1 0.0 UNIT METER CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUB 1570.0 1 0.0 9 1 0.0 0.7 0 4631. 2. 13.0 13. 10.0 REPEAT 5 2 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 2. 15.0 0 0.0 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 1477.Part I .0 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. Intl.0 1 0 0. 23.0 12.0 0 0.0 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 12 1 13 1 0. 17. 6.67 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0. 26.0 4.67 0.4 0 2954. 8.39 4 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0. 27.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 0 11596.0 2.9 0 2410.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.78 5 0.3 0 4376.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.2 0 5798.17 6 0.0 1 0 0.0 0. 21.5 0 10241. 16.83 0. 28.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.7 0 8752.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3 0.0 9.0 1 1 0.

0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.7 0 11268.8 0 2871.0 44 1 45 1 0.0 0.0 23 1 24 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 29 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.9 0 4820.0 0 0.0 41 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.5 0 2787.1 0 8450.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.1 0 4548.0 0.9 0 9568.9 0 10940.0 17 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 4820.0 1 0.3 0 9263.0 0.0 25 1 26 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.3 0 8740.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.6 0 8258.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 42 1 43 1 0.5 0 11596.0 1 0.0 1 0.1 0 4548.0 1 1 0.7 0 8752.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 46 1 47 1 0.0 0.1 0 9568.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 30 1 31 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 32 1 33 1 0.0 0 1 0.9 0 9662.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.9 0 11596.9 0 7221.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 7643.0 18 1 19 1 0.1 0 8505.0 0 0.0 15 1 16 1 0.0 48 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.2 0 2787.9 0 9662.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.5 0 11268.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.9 0 10940.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 215 .0 37 1 38 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 35 1 36 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0 9951.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.6 0 8258.0 1 0 0.5 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 27 1 28 1 0.0 22 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 4684.0 1 0.0 0.0 20 1 21 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.8 0 2954.0 0 10940.Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 14 1 0.0 34 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 10940.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 39 1 40 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0 10241.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.8 0 9002.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.3 0 8740.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0 2437.0 0.0 0 0.

4 0 7237.0 67 1 68 1 0.0 1 0.0 55 1 56 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.9 0 3406.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 62 1 63 1 0.5 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0 0.9 0 2088.9 0 2437.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.1 0 6185.0 0 0.0 70 1 71 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.6 0 2088.0 53 1 54 1 0.8 0 8195.0 0.0 0.9 0 3406.9 0 2088.1 0 9568.0 1 0 0.0 69 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.4 0 7237.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.4 0 7237.1 0 6185.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.7 0 6546.7 0 6546.1 0 6185.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.4 0 8195.0 1 0 0.9 0 3406.0 0.9 0 3406.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 58 1 59 1 0.4 0 8195.9 0 7221.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0 8450.4 0 8195.0 72 1 73 1 0.9 0 9568.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 .0 0.0 0.0 79 1 80 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.4 0 7237.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.8 0 8195.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 65 1 66 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 74 1 75 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 57 1 0.7 0 6546.0 0 1 0.0 81 1 82 1 0.0 1 0.0 83 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.Application Examples 216 Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 49 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 3977.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 52 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.9 0 2088.0 76 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.1 0 6185.0 1 0 0.0 0.7 0 6546.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 60 1 61 1 0.0 1 0.8 0 8195.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.4 0 8195.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 7643.0 50 1 51 1 0.0 0.Part I .0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.8 0 8195.0 77 1 78 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 64 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 0.

0 1 0 0.0 0.5 0 10241.0 0.0 109 1 110 1 0.9 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 4684.3 0 9263.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 10940.9 0 11596.0 0.0 88 1 89 1 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 90 1 91 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 85 1 86 1 0.1 0 4548.0 0.0 0 0.3 0 9263.0 0.0 114 1 115 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 0 8258.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 92 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 217 .9 0 9662.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 10940.7 0 11268.Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 84 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.9 0 4820.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 97 1 98 1 0.9 0 11596.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 95 1 96 1 0.6 0 8258.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.5 0 11596.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.9 0 9662.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.5 0 10241.0 1 0 0.5 0 11268.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 3977.0 93 1 94 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 118 1 0.3 0 8740.0 87 1 0.0 105 1 106 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.1 0 4548.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.8 0 2954.5 0 2954.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.7 0 9951.0 0.0 0.0 100 1 101 1 0.0 102 1 103 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.1 0 8505.0 1 0.6 0 2787.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.9 0 10940.0 0 0.5 0 11596.0 1 0 0.0 107 1 108 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 99 1 0.8 0 9002.0 0.0 0.0 104 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.3 0 8740.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.2 0 2787.7 0 8752.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 111 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.9 0 10940.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.2 0 2871.0 116 1 117 1 0.0 112 1 113 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0 8752.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.

53.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 0. 92 93 FY -912.0 0 0. 99 100 FY -1824.0 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 56.0 0 0. 39. 47. 104 FY -4333. 125 FY -2431.0 1 0.0 0. 32.0 1 0 0. 50.9 0 2410. 120 121 FY -965. 54. 8 9 FY -485. 40. LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -74.0 0 0.0 0. 45.0 0.0 1 0. 30. 113 114 FY -485. 47 54 82 FY -1175. 37. 35. 27 FY -4828.0 1 0 0. 38. 22 23 FY -1824.Application Examples 218 Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 119 1 0.0 0 1 0. 43.0 0 0. 44. LOAD LIST 101 58.0 0 1 0.0 0. 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -1368.Part I . 34.0 1 0.8 0 1477.0 122 1 0. 41.0 1 0.0 0. 48. 26 FY -2414.0 0.4 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0. 36.0 0 0.0 0. LOADING COMBINATION 101 TOTAL LOAD 1 1.0 0 0. 124 FY -1216.0 0.3 0 4376. 52.7 0 4631.0 0 0. 6 FY -2746. 48 55 76 83 FY -2350.0 120 1 121 1 0.0 1 0 0. 33.0 1 0.2 LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -965. 55. 103 FY -2166.0 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 29. 31. 2 1.0 123 1 124 1 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 4820.2 0 5120.2 0 5798.0 0. 29 30 FY -912. 51. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 33 56 378 . 5 FY -1373. 46. UNIT CM 57.5 0 5798.0 125 1 126 1 0. 42.0 0 0.0 1 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 126/ 102/ 126 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.0 0.0 1 0. 49.

com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.2 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 4.58 MX SX MY SY MXY SXY 2.72 2.0000 0.43 0. 67 67 CASE NO.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.6 40.0000 0.2476 X-ROTAN 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.54 1.312085E+00 -4.01 0.co.31 TMAX= TMAX= 1.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.44 4.13 0.0000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS -10.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.96 -1.00 ANGLE= ANGLE= 41.2 41.97 5.Pro. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.00 -1.0282 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 59.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.22 2.5860 -12.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.22 2.00 2. 101 101 2.00 TMAX= TMAX= 63.03 2. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 34 101 TOP : BOTT: 67 SMAX= SMAX= 101 TOP : BOTT: SMAX= SMAX= SQX VONT TRESCAT SQY VONB TRESCAB -0.44 SMIN= SMIN= -0.02 2.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 40. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.72 88.com * * Asia support@bentley.28 4.com * ************************************************************ 219 .0256 0.13 -4.58 0.97 5.27 ANGLE= -39.71 0.721572E+00 67 101 4.0000 Y-ROTAN -0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.co.27 1.0543 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.974997E+00 67 101 5.03 4.443144E+00 67 101 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 60.com * * * * North America support@bentley.LENGTH UNITS= KNS CM STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.312085E+00 PLATE NO.96 -0.13 0.28 0.00 18.54 SMIN= SMIN= 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.64 0.Example Problem 23 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 33 56 X-TRANS 101 101 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.0000 0.0647 0.31 1.6 ANGLE= -39.co.

Application Examples 220 Example Problem 23 NOTES .Part I .

24 This is an example of the analysis of a structure modelled using “SOLID” finite elements. This example also illustrates the method for applying an “enforced” displacement on the structure. 221 .Example Problem 24 Example Problem No.

The comment line which begins with an asterisk is an optional title to identify this project.0 4 0.0 3.0 1.0 1.0 32 2.0 0.0 0. Then.0 25 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 8 1. UNIT KNS MET The units for the data that follows are specified above.0 45 1.0 3. The coordinates of some of those nodes are generated utilizing the fact that they are equally spaced between the extremities.0 2. ELEMENT INCIDENCES SOLID 1 1 5 6 2 21 25 26 22 TO 3 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 TO 6 1 1 7 5 9 10 6 25 29 30 26 TO 9 1 1 10 25 29 30 26 45 49 50 46 TO 12 1 1 The incidences of solid elements are defined above.0 41 0. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.0 2.0 0. element number 1 is first defined by all of its 8 nodes. The word SOLID is used to signify that these are 8-noded solid elements as opposed to 3-noded or 4-noded plate elements.0 0.0 9 2.0 21 0.0 3.0 44 0.0 2.0 2.0 28 1. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 1.0 0.0 24 0.0 3.0 3.0 0.Application Examples 222 Example Problem 24 STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE PROBLEM USING SOLID ELEMENTS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 5 1.Part I .0 0.0 0.0 29 2. increments of 1 to the . Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 2.0 3.0 3.0 49 2.0 2.0 48 1.0 52 2.0 The joint number followed by the X. Y and Z axes.0 0. For example.0 12 2.0 1.0 1. Each line contains the data for generating 3 elements.

the details of the incidences and material property values of elements 1 to 5.1E7 ALL POIS 0. the material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity). PRINT ELEMENT INFO SOLID LIST 1 TO 5 This command will enable us to obtain.25 ALL DENSITY 7. CONSTANTS E 2. 8. 6. Poisson's Ratio. and Density are specified.0 The above data describe a static load case. 7 and 10 are defined while those of 5. incidences of elements 4. It consists of selfweight loading and a joint load. The ENFORCED support condition is used to declare a point at which an enforced displacement load is applied later (see load case 3).0 223 .0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000. 11 and 12 are generated. Similarly. LOAD 1 SELF Y -1. 9.Example Problem 24 joint number and 1 to the element number (the defaults) are used for generating incidences for elements 2 and 3. in a tabular form. both in the negative global Y direction. SUPPORTS 1 5 21 25 29 41 45 49 PINNED 9 ENFORCED The above lines contain the data for supports for the model.5 ALL Following the command CONSTANTS above. LOAD 2 JOINT LOADS 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100.

Application Examples 224 Example Problem 24 Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the positive global X direction. LOAD 3 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX 0.0011 Load case 3 consists of an enforced displacement along the global X direction at node 9.2 of the STAAD. The displacement in the other enforced support degrees of freedom will default to zero. UNIT POUND FEET LOAD 4 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500.3. 6.32.0 4 1. a pressure load of 500 pounds/sq. UNIT KNS MMS LOAD 5 REPEAT LOAD 1 1.0 3 1. Face 4 is defined as shown in the following table : FACE NUMBER 1 front 2 bottom 3 left 4 top 5 right 6 back f1 Jt 1 Jt 1 Jt 1 Jt 4 Jt 2 Jt 5 SURFACE JOINTS f2 f3 Jt 4 Jt 3 Jt 2 Jt 6 Jt 5 Jt 8 Jt 8 Jt 7 Jt 3 Jt 7 Jt 6 Jt 7 f4 Jt 2 Jt 5 Jt 4 Jt 3 Jt 6 Jt 8 The above table.ft is applied on Face # 4 of solid elements 3. and other details of this type of loading can be found in section 5.Pro 2003 Technical Reference manual.0 In Load case 4.0 2 1.0 . 9 and 12.Part I .

0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 through 4 acting simultaneously.Example Problem 24 Load case 5 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier. forces. factoring them.0 LOAD COMB 10 1 1. In a REPEAT LOAD case. and then algebraically summing them up. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK A static equilibrium report.0 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100. MEMBER TENSION and MEMBER COMPRESSION situations. the program computes the displacements by multiplying the inverted stiffness matrix by the load vector built for the REPEAT LOAD case. there is a fundamental difference. should be handled using REPEAT LOAD cases. This difference in approach is quite important in that non-linear problems such as PDELTA ANALYSIS. reactions) by gathering up the corresponding values from the individual components of the combination case. consisting of total applied loading and total support reactions from each primary load case is requested along with the instructions to carry out a linear static analysis. the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 5 SELF Y -1. 225 .0 Load case 10 is a combination load case.0 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX .0011 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500. In other words.0 2 1. the program merely calculates the end results (displacements. But in solving load combination cases. While the syntax of this might look very similar to that of the REPEAT LOAD case shown in case 5. not load combination cases. which combines the effects of cases 1 & 2. changes in support conditions etc.

UNIT KNS METER PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS Reactions at the supports are obtained using the above command. The results will be printed for all the load cases. The word SOLID is used to signify that these are solid elements as opposed to plate or shell elements. UNIT NEWTON MMS PRINT ELEMENT JOINT STRESS SOLID LIST 4 6 This command requests the program to provide the element stress results at the nodes of elements 4 and 6.Application Examples 226 Example Problem 24 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 8 9 Global displacements at nodes 8 and 9 are obtained using the above command.Part I . . FINISH The STAAD run is terminated.

0 1.0 3.0 0. 28.0 3.0000E+00 0.0 5 1.0 29 2.0 0. 6.0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000. 32. 10. 7. 5.0000E+00 0.0 41 0.0 0. 35.1000002E+07 2.0 52 2. 20.5000E+00 7. 36.0 48 1.0000E+00 227 .1000002E+07 2.0 2.0 44 0.0 12 2. 14.0 49 2.0000000E+00 0.KNS MET ELEMENT 1 2 3 4 5 24.0 3. Intl. 21. 16.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES SOLID 1 1 5 6 2 21 25 26 22 TO 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 TO 7 5 9 10 6 25 29 30 26 TO 10 25 29 30 26 45 49 50 46 TO CONSTANTS E 2.0 0. 12.1000002E+07 2.0 2.0000000E+00 0. 31.5000E+00 7. 4.0 LOAD 2 JOINT LOADS 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100. 29. 13.0 2. STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE PROBLEM USING SOLID ELEMENTS UNIT KNS MET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 LOAD 3 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX 0. 27.0 3.0 45 1.0 21 0.0 1. 19. 9. 25. -------------------ALL UNITS ARE .Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 3. 8.0 8 1. YOUNG'S MODULUS 2.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 3.0011 DENSITY ALPHA 7.0 3.0 3.25 ALL DENSITY 7.0 0.5 ALL PRINT ELEMENT INFO SOLID LIST 1 TO 5 ELEMENT NODE-1 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 21 22 NODE-2 NODE-3 5 6 7 25 26 6 7 8 26 27 NODE-4 NODE-5 2 3 4 22 23 3 6 1 1 9 1 1 12 1 1 NODE-6 21 22 23 41 42 NODE-7 25 26 27 45 46 26 27 28 46 47 NODE-8 22 23 24 42 43 MATERIAL PROPERTIES.0 9 2.0 0.0 1. 30. 11.0 1. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 24 0. 17. 15. 34.0 0. 23. 33.0 0.5000E+00 7.0000000E+00 0.0000000E+00 0.1E7 ALL POIS 0.0 25 1.0 28 1. 3.0 2.0 0.Example Problem 24 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 2.0000000E+00 SUPPORTS 1 5 21 25 29 41 45 49 PINNED 9 ENFORCED LOAD 1 SELF Y -1. 26. 22. 18.1000002E+07 MODULUS OF RIGIDITY 0.0 4 0.0 0.0 0.5000E+00 7.0 1.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 0.5000E+00 0.0 0.0 2.1000002E+07 2.0 3.0 1.0 0.0 32 2.

00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 1090. 39. 22 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.0 LOAD COMB 10 1 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 87 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 4 AT JOINT 9 EQN.00 0. 43.00 MY= 899999. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.00 = 0.Application Examples 228 Example Problem 24 37.0 3 1. 23 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN. 24 Note .NO.12983E-03 RX= 0. 38. 47. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 5 AT JOINT 9 EQN. 41.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.00000E+00 RZ= 0. 40.0 2 1. Solids do not have rotational stiffnesses at nodes.Some or all of the rotational zero stiffness warnings may be due to solid elements in the model.00 MZ= 1 ) -1089999.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( MAXIMUMS AT X = -1.00000E+00 1 ) 1089999. 45.01204E-02 Z = 1.0 4 1.00000E+00 RY= 0.0 UNIT KNS MMS LOAD 5 REPEAT LOAD 1 1.97 MZ= 1 2 ) -1799999.0 2 1.98 MY= 0. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 900. 46. 42.98 MY= 0.93 2 .Part I .00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -1089999.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 36/ 12/ 9 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 5.NO.98 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0. UNIT POUND FEET LOAD 4 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500. STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 1089999. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.00 = -1090.98 CM /RADIANS) (LOADING NODE 23 28 7 0 0 0 1) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO. 44.12983E-03 Y = -1.00 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.NO.

00 3 ) SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.17652E-05 Y = -3.00 MZ= 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -95760.17652E-05 RX= 0.61372E-02 24 RX= 0.00000E+00 0 2) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 0.00 MY= -899999.00000E+00 0 RY= 0.00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.10000E-01 9 Y = -1.00 0.00000E+00 RY= 0.00 MY= 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( MAXIMUMS AT X = 3.00 0. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.97 MZ= 2 ) 1799999.00000E+00 RZ= 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 95760.52 4) 4 229 .52 MY= 0.83934E-03 4 Z = 9.00 MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 95.00 MZ= CM /RADIANS) (LOADING NODE 50 28 50 0 0 0 3 3 ) 4 ) 95760.00000E+00 4 ) -95760.52 MY= 0.93 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 2.00 -95.00 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.21497E-02 6 Z = 1.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.35288E-04 Z = -3.00 0.00000E+00 0 RY= 0.76 0.00 MY= 0.Example Problem 24 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = -900.22892E-02 4 Y = 7.76 0.52 MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.49033E-04 10 RX= 0.00 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 1.00000E+00 0 3) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.

90 0.00000E+00 0 5 ) 2985760.00 0.00 0.00 0.0003 -0.0000 0.52 -256.25 11.05 -72.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 1185760.0000 0.32 -1641.0000 0.00 0.Part I .0000 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 5 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 16.76 = 0.0000 0.52 -94.0081 -0.0000 0.00 0.63 -181.0089 0.00 0.0000 0.27 1.67 -30.0010 0.43 5) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 48.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 1185.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.50 MY= 899999.50 MY= -899999.30 135.94 -56.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0393 0.0200 0.97 902.0000 0.0049 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.43 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = -900. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 900.00 -1703.63 26.0000 0.67 -31.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.97 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 1.48 11.13 146.0200 0.00 0.24 -202.79 -2.0000 0.00 -62.0000 0.0000 0.00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.0000 X-ROTAN 0.0000 0.97 MZ= 5 5 ) -2985760.00 .98 -263.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.20 6.0000 0.76 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0062 -0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 RADIANS) Y-TRANS -0.0000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS -0.0009 0.00 0.00 0. UNIT KNS METER 50.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -1185760.0000 0. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 8 9 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 8 9 LOAD 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 X-TRANS 0.0000 0.24 -1.10000E-01 9 Y = -1.68 -16.32 -62.0000 0.00 0.Application Examples 230 Example Problem 24 STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.1100 0.66887E-02 12 Z = 1.0193 0.00 = -1185.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.42 743.00 0.0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 49.0008 0.05 -228.00 0.37 -232.0000 0.0000 0.32 74.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.18 -119.00 0.0000 0.00 0.19 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.62734E-02 4 RX= 0.0001 -0.00 0.13 -31.1100 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.87 -158.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00000E+00 0 RY= 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.05 42.85 -0.00 0.0009 0.0000 Y-ROTAN 0.

00 0.03 119.00 0.008 -0.009 0.00 0.75 -97.014 -0.32 -16.00 0.00 0.19 0.000 0.77 566.046 -0.00 0.00 0.07 0.011 -0.05 -72.00 0.79 -138.24 261.00 0.009 -0.00 0.00 0.95 -1.00 0.24 -89.00 0.62 300.00 -62.34 807.52 181.00 0.707 0.002 -0.00 -1097. UNIT NEWTON MMS 52.003 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.99 6.00 0.12 1.18 -202.223 0.00 0.00 0.59 74.00 0.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 51.00 0.00 0.016 -0.78 -56.00 0.00 0.63 -425.84 61.85 1.32 -43.00 0.52 -143.00 0.00 0.46 -26.00 0.97 -595.004 0.011 -0.17 2.00 0.707 -0.51 524.98 -459.00 0.40 74.27 390.00 0.70 0.13 6.Example Problem 24 JOINT LOAD 21 25 29 41 45 49 9 FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 31.002 0.269 SE= -0.011 0.00 0.095 -0.00 0.003 -0. PRINT ELEMENT JOINT STRESS SOLID LIST 4 6 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 -0.68 74.021 0.52 3818.03 135.24 207.20 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.89 300.707 231 .00 0.00 0.25 11.00 0.92 -334.83 -1.66 -158.00 0.52 0.00 0.34 51.046 S2= -0.08 0.00 0.85 -159.00 0.00 0.63 514.25 -450.61 0.00 0.00 0.088 -0.98 11.001 -0.095 -0.00 0.00 0.27 -2.00 16.05 -81.00 0.280 -0.005 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.18 -159.85 -170.00 0.35 -77.00 0.40 146.12 16.214 -0.84 -292.85 0.80 0.37 -232.00 0.003 -0.26 0.280 -0.05 -42.011 -0.25 431.13 31.03 1313.00 -1097.00 0.00 0.098 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.005 0.24 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.76 2.36 -62.37 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 -75.00 0.40 135.269 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.003 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.005 0.00 0.00 0.90 16.00 0.051 S3= -0.000 0.00 0.00 1 2 3 4 5 10 -16.00 0.003 -0.00 -105.00 0.00 0.005 0.008 0.00 0.05 45.52 -176.00 0.26 0.011 4 1 CENTER S1= DC= -0.00 0.67 -273.00 0.004 -0.52 0.00 0.00 -2057.30 135.009 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 384.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -187.00 0.00 0.076 -0.00 0.00 0.001 0.008 -0.00 0.87 21.24 -855.02 -97.00 0.97 629.088 -0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.301 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.011 -0.00 0.008 -0.98 185.00 0.00 0.009 -0.204 -0.05 -23.12 31.35 3916.003 -0.00 0.00 -187.00 0.00 0.77 -61.00 0.05 -45.63 -547.00 -138.00 0.280 -0.61 -16.00 0.05 -81.52 1250.70 0.00 -1919.25 11.016 0.97 -315.280 -0.36 11.00 0.098 -0.076 -0.00 0.52 9.37 226.041 0.707 0.38 6.52 -184.311 -0.37 226.58 251.97 83.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -31.00 384.26 -128.

152 S2= 0.704 0.258 0.021 -0.538 0.004 -0.026 -0.001 -0.088 0.045 0.516 -0.001 0.165 0.469 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.024 -0.795 0.035 1.153 0.365 0.003 0.001 0.054 -0.034 -0.016 0.008 -0.036 0.045 -0.298 -0.675 0.090 -0.435 0.054 0.255 0.008 -0.014 SE= 0.511 0.064 -0.255 0.328 0.235 -0.014 0.001 -0.016 0.000 0.330 0.257 0.242 0.685 0.751 0.152 -0.015 0.000 0.000 0.355 0.589 0.008 0.026 -0.011 0.001 0.249 0.041 S3= 0.000 0.065 0.215 0.147 0.343 0.Part I .001 -0.741 -0.008 0.284 0.176 0.221 0.908 0.066 0.004 S2= -0.024 SE= -0.001 -0.036 0.565 0.029 -0.238 0.809 -0.024 -0.001 -0.036 0.016 -0.321 0.Application Examples 232 Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.099 S2= 0.227 -0.618 0.878 0.028 -0.001 0.703 0.951 0.129 0.103 0.026 -0.011 0.000 0.030 0.597 0.005 -0.225 -0.160 0.070 0.027 -0.210 0.005 -0.003 -0.223 0.102 0.138 0.386 0.040 -0.020 0.053 1.087 0.186 -0.062 0.089 0.000 -0.360 -0.220 0.036 0.574 -0.011 0.000 0.030 -0.243 SE= -0.128 SE= 0.255 0.617 0.345 0.093 0.240 0.253 0.867 0.093 S3= 0.244 0.188 -0.472 0.036 -0.928 0.976 0.247 0.051 0.050 -0.606 0.001 -0.147 -0.247 4 2 CENTER S1= DC= 0.487 0.024 0.001 -0.123 -0.228 -0.022 -0.586 0.067 0.372 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.649 0.296 0.001 -0.474 0.602 0.008 0.630 0.008 0.005 -0.183 0.189 0.286 -0.021 0.300 0.040 0.259 0.016 0.228 0.007 0.201 S2= 0.499 0.023 -0.313 4 3 CENTER S1= DC= 0.034 -0.107 -0.472 0.237 -0.102 0.153 0.998 .154 -0.001 0.000 0.285 0.518 -0.425 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 -0.327 0.366 -0.001 -0.009 0.132 0.354 0.031 1.024 -0.020 0.055 0.332 0.101 S3= 0.014 0.498 1.551 0.012 0.029 -0.161 0.019 0.707 0.001 -0.001 -0.099 1.002 -0.001 -0.217 0.014 0.001 -0.060 -0.170 -0.162 -0.022 -0.994 0.054 -0.027 0.022 0.165 -0.143 0.106 0.006 -0.071 0.236 4 10 CENTER S1= DC= -0.219 0.092 1.008 -0.001 -0.082 0.046 0.210 -0.024 -0.015 0.403 0.324 1.060 0.001 -0.064 0.716 0.806 -0.251 0.661 0.334 -0.000 0.218 0.705 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.082 0.005 -0.707 0.008 0.129 0.001 0.602 0.234 -0.038 -0.705 1.548 4 5 CENTER S1= DC= 0.022 -0.001 4 4 CENTER S1= DC= -0.001 -0.744 0.822 0.082 -0.024 -0.001 -0.047 0.008 -0.001 -0.011 SE= 0.078 -0.001 -0.228 0.452 -0.123 0.012 0.506 0.036 0.114 0.125 0.024 -0.324 -0.054 S3= 0.225 -0.724 -0.076 0.001 -0.006 0.000 0.191 0.010 -0.705 0.056 0.512 1.490 0.515 0.000 0.011 -0.376 0.053 S2= 0.001 0.133 -0.283 -0.525 0.004 S3= -0.760 -0.

000 0.000 0.081 -0.064 0.004 -0.021 -0.072 -0.046 0.040 -0.041 0.056 0.046 -0.707 -0.163 0.000 0.051 0.001 -0.005 S2= -0.420 -0.083 0.000 0.020 -0.233 -0.000 0.316 0.014 -0.031 0.083 -0.048 0.149 0.101 0.210 S3= -0.496 -0.552 0.001 S3= 0.174 -0.060 0.091 -0.076 0.341 SE= -0.317 -0.402 -0.024 -0.055 -0.422 0.000 0.105 0.428 -1.031 0.043 -0.619 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 -0.000 0.236 -0.000 -0.000 S3= 0.060 -0.013 -0.057 -0.003 -0.006 -0.489 0.402 0.001 -0.242 -0.006 -0.397 -0.002 -0.484 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.140 -0.253 6 1 CENTER S1= DC= -0.619 0.017 0.707 0.018 0.096 -0.076 0.030 0.196 0.585 -0.707 0.052 -0.005 -0.674 0.018 -0.341 0.005 0.014 -0.213 SE= -0.000 0.323 -0.013 -0.274 -0.065 0.041 -0.263 0.000 0.134 0.202 -0.119 0.013 -0.115 -0.108 0.497 0.043 -0.136 -0.033 0.051 -0.060 0.007 -0.010 -0.014 0.051 -0.078 -0.098 -0.003 -0.000 -0.047 S2= -0.335 0.000 0.000 0.040 0.056 0.125 -0.160 -0.024 -0.128 -0.789 0.000 0.000 0.497 -0.024 -0.098 -0.000 -0.024 -0.813 -1.928 -0.102 0.000 0.550 0.428 0.146 -0.008 0.323 -0.136 0.027 -0.874 -0.230 -0.000 0.082 -0.126 -0.016 -0.901 -0.064 0.000 0.014 -0.670 -0.088 -0.165 233 .312 -0.819 -0.024 -0.609 -0.428 -0.000 0.014 -0.082 0.108 0.550 -0.507 0.183 0.254 -0.000 0.329 -0.126 0.708 -1.012 -0.000 0.458 0.039 -0.073 0.314 0.000 0.106 -0.041 -0.092 0.Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.000 0.023 0.273 -0.047 -0.069 0.019 -0.102 0.018 -0.051 -0.000 0.253 -0.103 -0.057 0.077 0.000 0.035 -0.019 -0.112 -0.003 0.363 -0.082 -0.010 -0.076 0.317 -0.052 0.146 -0.019 -0.024 0.428 -0.463 -1.047 0.182 0.024 0.000 0.351 SE= 0.000 0.005 -0.038 0.000 0.233 -0.707 -0.024 0.021 -0.000 0.001 S3= 0.802 -0.009 -0.032 0.484 0.160 -0.000 0.000 0.025 -0.065 0.000 0.314 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 -0.005 0.024 -0.085 -0.046 S3= -0.770 6 5 CENTER S1= DC= -0.056 -0.429 -0.181 -0.064 -0.053 0.056 -0.003 -0.100 -0.016 0.094 0.670 0.000 0.320 0.000 0.160 -0.024 -0.007 0.552 -0.273 -0.000 0.000 0.177 0.000 0.030 0.291 -0.464 6 2 CENTER S1= DC= -0.112 -0.000 0.024 SE= 0.061 0.514 -0.707 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.253 0.190 0.012 -0.023 -0.000 0.028 -0.049 -0.042 -0.081 0.042 SE= -0.707 0.000 0.181 -0.112 -0.002 0.000 0.397 -0.043 -0.000 0.000 0.033 0.232 -0.971 -0.051 0.000 S2= 0.053 6 3 CENTER S1= DC= -0.334 -0.109 0.152 -0.000 -0.000 6 4 CENTER S1= DC= 0.001 S2= -0.053 -0.000 0.057 0.819 0.032 -0.158 -0.294 -0.329 0.049 -0.051 S2= -0.

298 SE= 0.Part I . please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.049 -0.055 0.259 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.084 0.278 -0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.457 -0.111 -0.083 -0.com * * Europe support@bentley.034 -0.411 0.co.203 -0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * * * North America support@bentley.555 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.526 -0.472 0.469 -0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.317 -0.350 -0.052 S2= -0.605 -0.128 -0.037 0.co.879 -0.005 0.822 -0.735 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.025 -0.129 -0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.279 -0.177 -0.479 0.217 53.766 -0.119 -0.032 -0.034 0.029 -0.399 -0.044 -0.204 -0.Pro.245 -0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.co.046 -0.015 -0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.323 0.206 S3= -0.028 -0.540 -1.070 0.822 0.304 -0.com * ************************************************************ .jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.717 6 10 CENTER S1= DC= -0.Application Examples 234 Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.733 -1.036 0.120 -0.039 -0.388 0.262 -0.240 -0.com * * Asia support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.234 0.013 -0.401 -0.285 -0.108 0.255 -0.

Verification Problem 25 Example Problem No. the PERFORM ANALYSIS command is specified once for each primary load case. 25 This example demonstrates the usage of compression-only members. Since the structural condition is load dependent. 235 .

This structure is a PLANE frame. This is because.Application Examples 236 Example Problem 25 This example has been created to illustrate the command specification for a structure with certain members capable of carrying compressive force only.0 . the set of ‘active’ members (and hence the stiffness matrix) is load case dependent.25 3. It is important to note that the analysis can be done for only 1 load case at a time. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. Also. 5 5. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases.5 . it is necessary to have 2 commands.25 0 Joint coordinates of joints 1 to 6 are defined above. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . To accommodate these requirements. the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case.Part I . with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command).0 . STAAD PLANE * EXAMPLE FOR COMPRESSION-ONLY MEMBERS The input data is initiated with the word STAAD.5 . 6 5. UNIT METER KNS Units for the commands to follow are specified above. . Consequently. 2 0 3.25 7. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. The second line is an optional comment line. 3 0 7. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. 4 5.

Hence for each load case. it is disabled from the structure and the analysis is carried out again with the modified structure. SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED Joints 1 and 6 are declared as pinned-supported.Verification Problem 25 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 . density and Poisson’s ratio are specified. 7 2 6 . MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are defined as COMPRESSION-only members. 9 3 5 . In this case. CONSTANTS E STEEL ALL DEN STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Following the command CONSTANTS. any of the members 6 to 9 is found to be carrying a tensile force. if during the analysis. 237 . the built-in default value of steel is assigned. 10 2 5 The members 1 to 10 are defined along with the joints they are connected to. material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity). MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 TO 10 TA ST UC152X152X30 Members 1 to 10 are assigned the UC152X152X30 section from the British steel table. 8 2 4 . 6 1 5 .

joint loads are applied in the negative global X direction at joints 4 and 5. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above structure is analyzed for load case 1. Next. .Part I . The members with the compression-only attribute are specified again. Without the re-activation. PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE The instruction to analyze the structure is specified again.Application Examples 238 Example Problem 25 LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 Load 1 is defined above and consists of joint loads in the global X direction at joints 2 and 3. these members cannot be accessed for further processing. any compression-only members that were inactivated during the second analysis (due to the fact that they were subjected to tensile axial forces) are re-activated with the CHANGE command. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case. CHANGE MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 One or more among the members 6 to 9 may have been in-activated in the previous analysis. LOAD 2 JOINT LOAD 4 FX -45 5 FX -70 In load case 2.

are recognized as the "active" load cases. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The program is instructed to write the joint displacements. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently. the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 3 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 4 FX -45 5 FX -70 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is carried out for load case 3. support reactions and member forces to the output file. In other words.Verification Problem 25 LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1.0 2 1. CHANGE The members inactivated during the analysis of load case 3 are reactivated for further processing. The LOAD LIST ALL command enables all the load cases in the structure to be made active for further processing. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. LOAD LIST ALL At the end of any analysis. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 and 2 acting simultaneously.0 Load case 3 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier. 239 .

5 FX -70 31. 6 5. 17. 2 0 3. CHANGE 38. Case= 3 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 32. 5. Case= 2 1 iterations. 6. 21. 4. 14. 18. 35. 19. 6 TO 9 27. 2. 22.Application Examples 240 Example Problem 25 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 6 1 5 .25 7.Part I . STAAD PLANE * EXAMPLE FOR COMPRESSION-ONLY MEMBERS UNIT METER KNS SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 7. 5 5. 10.0 . 8. 16.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 37.25 3. 11. MEMBER COMPRESSION 26. CHANGE 25.0 2 1. 20. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. 33. JOINT LOAD 29. 10 2 5 MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 TO 10 TA ST UC152X152X30 CONSTANTS E STEEL ALL DEN STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 10/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = **START ITERATION NO. 14 CHANGE LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. 3. LOAD LIST ALL 39. 12. Case= 1 2 iterations. LOAD 2 28. 2 iterations.25 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 . 8 2 4 . 15. 9 3 5 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.5 . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 24. 9. 7 2 6 . 34. 36.5 . 13.0 . 3 0 7. 4 FX -45 30. 23. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS . Intl. 4 5. 1.

00 0.0000 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0001 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -0.91 29.0000 0.67 0.15 0.0609 -0.00 0.0003 0.33 -0.38 -114.87 0.0000 0.03 3 4 3 4 3 4 0.00 0.0000 0.0031 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0003 0.0007 0.15 -11.00 0.00 0.15 -0.15 0.0000 0.0000 0.12 0.0000 -0.79 -27.00 0.00 0.00 0.1648 -0.1946 0.67 106.22 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 -0.0000 0.24 0.33 0.0000 0.03 -0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0002 0.73 0.45 0.0000 0.00 0.21 0.0135 0.24 0.0000 0.00 106.0000 -0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0003 0.38 0.00 0.12 -0.0000 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.00 0.0000 -0.00 0.0001 -0.38 -106.00 0.0000 0.08 2 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 241 .00 0.0000 0.0475 0.0000 METE Y-ROTAN 0.0000 0.0000 0.13 -0.00 0.0000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------- STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE X-ROTAN 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.22 -30.94 0.0000 0.Verification Problem 25 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 2 3 4 5 6 X-TRANS RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.13 -10.00 0.0082 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.38 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -106.24 -0.0000 0.1648 -0.67 0.0000 0.00 0.0031 0.0000 -0.67 30.00 0.0135 0.00 0.0000 0.03 -0.00 0.0135 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.2960 -0.0007 -0.00 0.0082 -0.09 2 3 2 3 2 3 -29.00 0.03 -0.03 4 5 4 5 4 5 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.15 -0.2959 -0.0000 0.21 0.00 0.03 0.33 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0609 0.00 0.12 -0.00 0.00 0.33 0.0000 0.03 0.00 0.49 11.0141 0.0141 0.12 -0.00 0.45 0.0005 0.91 -11.00 0.1946 -0.49 11.87 10.00 0.00 0.15 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0002 0.45 -0.45 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0135 0.0005 0.0000 0.00 0.08 -0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.13 114.08 -0.0093 0.2960 -0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0003 0.00 0.08 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 JOINT Z-TRANS 0.24 -0.00 0.03 0.00 0.0003 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.91 29.00 0.00 0.0000 0.67 106.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.12 27.12 -0.67 -106.00 0.2959 0.00 0.00 1 6 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.49 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.12 0.0000 0.00 0.03 0.0475 -0.00 0.0000 0.91 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.12 -0.0000 0.00 -0.0093 0.00 0.49 0.0000 0.15 -29.00 0.94 6.0000 0.00 0.0003 0.45 -0.00 0.79 -0.

13 -0.00 0.55 44.31 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 0.00 0.00 -0.73 0.00 0.82 -0.00 0.31 0.72 -20.72 -20.22 -30.00 0.21 -0.Application Examples 242 Example Problem 25 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Pro.00 12.00 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 53.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.00 0.94 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 -53.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 137.81 -137.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 -0.00 0.81 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 -53.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 0.01 0.00 0.67 -6.00 0.00 0.51 -12.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.81 -137.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.00 0.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.66 20.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.51 -12.00 20.00 0.01 2 3 6 1 2 3 7 1 2 3 8 1 2 3 9 1 2 3 10 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 40.00 0.00 0.81 12.00 0.co.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.00 0.00 0.55 42.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.67 106.00 0.00 0.21 -0.00 0.00 0.51 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.94 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.55 -44.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.72 0.00 0.00 0.29 -42.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.45 0.00 53.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 137.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 5 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 5 6 30.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 0.00 0.00 0.00 1 5 1 5 1 5 0.00 0.00 -0.51 0.00 0.00 0.13 0.00 0.00 0.72 0.55 44.00 0.00 2 5 2 5 2 5 -44.Part I .00 0.81 0.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.82 -0.00 0.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.22 -106.00 0.com * ************************************************************ .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 0.00 0.00 0.31 0.00 0.00 0.

243 .Example Problem 26 Example Problem No. the floors are specified to be rigid diaphragms for inplane actions but flexible for bending actions. Using the master-slave command. 26 The structure in this example is a building consisting of member columns as well as floors made up of beam members and plate elements.

118 62 46 120 The MEMBER INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying MEMBER connectivities. . are then deleted. 82 58 62 84 . 40 53 54 42 43 57 58 45 . 85 18 2 87 88 22 6 90 . 49 2 6 51 52 6 10 54 . The unwanted joints. The second line is an optional title to identify this project. 58 18 22 60 61 22 26 63 . The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 100 38 22 102 . 64 26 30 66 . 46 61 62 48 . 25 33 34 27 34 45 46 36 . created during the generation process used above. 67 34 38 69 70 38 42 72 . 109 50 34 111 . 103 42 26 105 106 46 30 108 . Y and Z axes.Application Examples 244 Example Problem 26 STAAD SPACE *MODELING RIGID DIAPHRAGMS USING MASTER SLAVE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 112 54 38 114 115 58 42 117 .Part I . 76 50 54 78 79 54 58 81 . 10 13 14 12 13 17 18 15 . UNITS KIP FT Specify units for the following data. 22 29 30 24 . 4 5 6 6 . 91 26 10 93 . 7 9 10 9 . 73 42 46 75 . 55 10 14 57 . 94 30 14 96 97 34 18 99 . 37 49 50 39 . JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 4 0 48 0 REPEAT 3 24 0 0 REPEAT ALL 3 0 0 24 DELETE JOINT 21 25 37 41 The joint numbers and coordinates are specified above. MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 3 .

Poisson's Ratio. ELEMENT PROP 152 TO 178 THICK 0.0 MEMB 13 14 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 39 E CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 Following the command CONSTANTS above. and Density are specified.75 The thickness of the plate elements is specified above. MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 48 TA ST W14X90 49 TO 120 TABLE ST W27X84 All members are WIDE FLANGE sections whose properties are obtained from the built in American steel table. Built-in default values for steel and concrete 245 .Example Problem 26 ELEMENT INCI 152 50 34 38 54 TO 154 155 54 38 42 58 TO 157 158 58 42 46 62 TO 160 161 34 18 22 38 TO 163 164 38 22 26 42 TO 166 167 42 26 30 46 TO 169 170 18 2 6 22 TO 172 173 22 6 10 26 TO 175 176 26 10 14 30 TO 178 The ELEMENT INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying plate element connectivities. CONSTANTS E STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 POISSON STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 BETA 90. the material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity).

0 The 3 floors of the structure are specified to act as rigid diaphragms in the ZX plane with the corresponding master joint specified. SUPPORTS 1 TO 17 BY 4 29 33 45 TO 61 BY 4 FIXED The supports at the above mentioned joints are declared as fixed. LOADING 1 LATERAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 14 15 16 50 51 52 62 63 64 FZ 10.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 24 JOINTS YR 47.0 17.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 23 JOINTS YR 31. The floors may still resist out-of-plane bending actions flexibly. The associated slave joints in a floor are specified by the YRANGE parameter.0 33.0 46 47 48 58 59 60 FZ 30.0 49.Application Examples 246 Example Problem 26 for these quantities are assigned.0 The above data describe a static load case.0 22 23 24 26 27 28 38 39 40 42 43 44 FZ 40.0 34 35 36 54 55 56 FZ 10. SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 22 JOINTS YR 15.0 10 11 12 30 31 32 FZ 30.0 6 7 8 10 11 12 18 19 20 30 31 32 FZ 20. LOADING 2 TORSIONAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 50 51 52 FZ 5.0 .0 26 27 28 42 43 44 FZ 60.0 6 7 8 18 19 20 FZ 10.0 22 23 24 38 39 40 FZ 20.0 34 35 36 46 47 48 54 55 56 58 59 60 FZ 20.0 14 15 16 62 63 64 FZ 15.Part I . The orientation of some of the members is set using the BETA angle command. It consists of joint loads in the global Z direction.

PRINT JOINT DISP LIST 4 TO 60 BY 8 PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 116 115 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 9 57 Print displacements at selected joints. LOADING 3 DEAD LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 152 TO 178 PRESS GY -1. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated.0 The above data describe a static load case. It consists of joint loads that create a torsional loading on the structure. 247 .Example Problem 26 The above data describe a static load case. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. then print support reactions at selected joints. It consists of plate element pressure on a floor in the negative global Y direction. then print member forces for two members.

0 49.0 MEMB 13 14 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 39 E CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 SUPPORTS 1 TO 17 BY 4 29 33 45 TO 61 BY 4 FIXED SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 22 JOINTS YR 15. 4 5 6 6 . 46 61 62 48 . 33. 40. 6. 35. 38. 44. STAAD SPACE *MODELING RIGID DIAPHRAGMS USING MASTER SLAVE UNITS KIP FT JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 4 0 48 0 REPEAT 3 24 0 0 REPEAT ALL 3 0 0 24 DELETE JOINT 21 25 37 41 MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 3 . 55.0 33. 49. 82 58 62 84 . 73 42 46 75 . 9. 48. 58.Application Examples 248 Example Problem 26 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 34 35 36 46 47 48 54 55 56 58 59 60 FZ 20. 8. 22 29 30 24 .0 6 7 8 10 11 12 18 19 20 30 31 32 FZ 20. 52. 53. 61.0 17. 30. 94 30 14 96 97 34 18 99 .0 LOADING 1 LATERAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 14 15 16 50 51 52 62 63 64 FZ 10. 32.0 LOADING 2 TORSIONAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 50 51 52 FZ 5.0 14 15 16 62 63 64 FZ 15. 37 49 50 39 . 7 9 10 9 . 85 18 2 87 88 22 6 90 .0 6 7 8 18 19 20 FZ 10. 2. 76 50 54 78 79 54 58 81 . 27.0 . 51. 45. 46. 22. 29. 4. 18. 25. 20. 56. 57. 60. 12. 15. 21. 55 10 14 57 . 50. 40 53 54 42 43 57 58 45 . 16. 37. 43. 23. 26. 24. 14.0 22 23 24 26 27 28 38 39 40 42 43 44 FZ 40. 103 42 26 105 106 46 30 108 . 54. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 25 33 34 27 34 45 46 36 . 58 18 22 60 61 22 26 63 . 47.75 CONSTANTS E STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 POISSON STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 BETA 90. Intl. 64 26 30 66 .Part I . 100 38 22 102 . 13. 109 50 34 111 . 118 62 46 120 ELEMENT INCI 152 50 34 38 54 TO 154 155 54 38 42 58 TO 157 158 58 42 46 62 TO 160 161 34 18 22 38 TO 163 164 38 22 26 42 TO 166 167 42 26 30 46 TO 169 170 18 2 6 22 TO 172 173 22 6 10 26 TO 175 176 26 10 14 30 TO 178 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 48 TA ST W14X90 49 TO 120 TABLE ST W27X84 ELEMENT PROP 152 TO 178 THICK 0. 3.0 10 11 12 30 31 32 FZ 30. 31.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 23 JOINTS YR 31.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 5. 49 2 6 51 52 6 10 54 . 42. 28. 39. 19. 10 13 14 12 13 17 18 15 . 10. 7. 34. 17.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 24 JOINTS YR 47. 91 26 10 93 . 36. 11. 41. 59. 112 54 38 114 115 58 42 117 . 67 34 38 69 70 38 42 72 .

63.34 0.00504 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 71.0 46 47 48 58 59 60 FZ 30.73 -4.32 0.86677 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 8.00014 0.59584 0.00056 -0.00056 -0.96702 -0.00056 -0.13 1173. 66.07823 -0.00031 -0.06312 -0.01 58 0.00028 -0.00 -125.00 4.45046 0.32 0.00 -8.09268 -0.87442 -0. 68.00 0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 60/ 135/ 12 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 3.KIP FEET (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 116 1 59 43 59 43 59 43 0.00363 -0.00041 -0.00001 0.10 129.32 0.00 -7. PRINT JOINT DISP LIST 4 TO 60 BY 8 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 4 12 20 28 36 44 52 60 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 X-TRANS Y-TRANS 0.32921 8.32921 8.00 7.10 -5.23216 0.23 -85.73 5.02166 1.00452 -0.0 LOADING 3 DEAD LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 152 TO 178 PRESS GY -1.13263 6.00028 0.02679 -0.58 2 3 115 1 58 0.0 26 27 28 42 43 44 FZ 60.49676 0.00166 0.04712 0.21215 -0.14 -137.02115 -1.00 0.00363 -0. 67.64214 -0.07468 -0.00056 -0.00024 0.00625 0.64214 -0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 116 115 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00103 0.87442 -0.00 0.00 0.09027 8.32921 8.00088 -0.00140 -0.00036 -0.00 0.34 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 2 249 .23216 0.00 -0.49676 0.25499 -0.09027 0. 65.00000 0.00 0.94 0.09261 0.04704 -0.00 0.00046 -0.50252 -0.45739 8.32921 8.04609 1.04703 0.45046 -0.00 0.07454 0.00 -0.27 1696.00 0.01 0.00245 0.00 0.Example Problem 26 62.00041 -0.87442 -0. 69.00041 -0.19363 -0.00 322.00167 -0.45739 8.00 0.84 -85.00 0.01 42 0.00 -0.00041 -0.09027 8.70 0.07454 0.02678 -0.00030 0.88 -137.00120 0.00363 -0.82 1835.45739 8.00363 -0.02679 -0.01 3 58 0.00041 -0.06556 -1.00 0.01 42 0.00363 -0.45739 8.00 125.00363 -0.34 -129.02065 -0.00791 -0.00495 -0.02716 0.33161 -0.00041 -0.00059 0.00 0.83 1407.00059 -0.96702 -0. 64.88242 0.00090 0.00025 -0.00 8.00057 -0.34 42 0.01 0.13263 6.86713 0.04716 0.08128 -0.00207 -0.00 0.00792 0.00363 -0.00008 -0.00031 0.09268 -21.00056 -0.39 0.38 208.00649 0.00054 0.13263 6.00041 -0.00002 0.13263 6.00 0.86781 -0.00056 -0.00108 0.00 0.19716 0.32 -0.01536 -0.00 198.00 0.0 22 23 24 38 39 40 FZ 20.07792 0.00 0.70 0.21215 -21.00102 0.96702 -0.00014 0.00 0.09027 8.39 0.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 153 70.87442 -0.00 -0.00162 0.00 0.06978 -0.08468 -0.00017 -0.00 0.07452 -0.96702 -0.00056 -0.00041 -0.00056 -0.00363 -0.09261 0.00058 -0.59584 0.33161 -0.41 336.00 0.00 0.04919 0.25499 -0.00503 -0.06978 -0.00159 0.51350 -0. 34 35 36 54 55 56 FZ 10.

com * ************************************************************ .56 -500.91 -470.Pro.10 7.03 0.co.69 231. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.37 53.98 -28.47 -483.68 -55.00 0.65 31.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.90 -257.63 487. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 9 57 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 9 57 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -6.Application Examples 250 Example Problem 26 72.52 -91.76 -58.96 0.54 -14.Part I .01 0.31 70.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.09 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 73.com * * Europe support@bentley.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.60 -69.co.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.03 0.87 -58.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 50.14 1731.13 -500.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.82 -54.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.26 -469.25 -54.36 68.co.55 92.com * * * * North America support@bentley. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.01 0.51 51.53 -54.com * * Asia support@bentley.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.17 1732.74 -11.

27 This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to apply the compression only attribute to spring supports for a slab on grade. The numbers shown in the diagram below are the element numbers. A tension/compression only analysis of the structure is performed. 251 . The spring supports themselves are generated utilizing the built-in support generation facility. The slab is subjected to pressure and overturning loading.Example Problem 27 Example Problem No.

0 20.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0. .0 0.0 0. Consequently. Y and Z axes.Application Examples 252 Example Problem 27 STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE * SPRING COMPRESSION EXAMPLE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8.0 0. the supports which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.0 REPEAT 5 6. 3 times.0 0.0 For joints 1 through 7.0 0.0 6. the joint number followed by the X. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”.0 40.0 REPEAT 3 8. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command.0 0.5 0.Part I .5 7 0. The coordinates of these joints is used as a basis for generating 21 more joints by incrementing the X coordinate of each of these 7 joints by 8.333 5 0.0 0.167 4 0.5 0. An optional title to identify this project is provided in the second line. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 36. UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. To accommodate these requirements.0 0. Also.0 0.0 12.5 6 0.0 REPEAT 3 8. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains.0 2 0. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases.5 feet. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). it is necessary to have 2 commands.0 3 0.0 0.0 28. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data.0 0.

ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 The incidences of element number 1 is defined and that data is used as a basis for generating the 2nd through the 6th element. The supports themselves are being generated later (see the ELASTIC MAT command which appears later). SPRING COMPRESSION 1 TO 126 KFY The above two lines declare the spring supports at nodes 1 to 126 as having the compression-only attribute.12 ALL The modulus of elasticity (E) and density are specified following the command CONSTANTS. CONSTANTS E 4000. The results of the generation may be visually verified using the STAAD graphical viewing facilities.0 253 .Example Problem 27 REPEAT commands are used to generate the remaining joints of the structure.0 inches following the command ELEMENT PROPERTIES. UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 8.0 The thickness of elements 1 to 102 is specified as 8. UNIT FEET SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 12.0 ALL POISSON 0. The incidence pattern of the first 6 elements is then used to generate the incidences of 96 more elements using the REPEAT command.

Additional information on this feature may be found in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307. A pressure load of 1. These springs are located at nodes 1 to 126. 8 9 FY -109.50 The above data describe a static load case.7 6 FY -617.50 kip/ft acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on all the elements. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK CHANGE Tension/compression cases must each be followed by PERFORM ANALYSIS and CHANGE commands.5 47 54 82 FY -264.ft. Units for length are changed to FEET to facilitate the input of subgrade reaction of soil. 29 30 FY -205. 5 FY -308. The subgrade reaction of the soil is specified as 12 kip/cu. LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. The program will determine the area under the influence of each joint and multiply the influence area by the subgrade reaction to arrive at the spring stiffness for the "FY" degree of freedom at the joint.Application Examples 254 Example Problem 27 The above command is used to instruct STAAD to generate supports with compression-only springs which are effective in the global Y direction. 26 FY -542. LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217.7 27 FY -1085. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case.2 .4 22 23 FY -410.Part I .

4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -153. The CHANGE command restores the original structure once again for the forthcoming load case.50 JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -100.4 22 23 FY -205.0 104 FY 487. 26 FY -271. 8 9 FY -50.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK CHANGE Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the negative global Y direction.0 FY -974.3 FY -205.3 92 93 FY 102.0 FY -273. LOAD 3 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.0 120 121 FY 108.0 255 .7 6 FY -310.Example Problem 27 48 55 76 92 93 99 100 103 104 113 114 120 121 124 125 83 FY -528.0 FY -410.5 47 54 82 FY -132.0 FY -109. 29 30 FY -102.3 FY -546.7 27 FY -542.2 48 55 76 83 FY -264.0 FY -217.0 103 FY 243. 5 FY -150.0 FY -487. This is followed by another ANALYSIS command.0 113 114 FY 54.0 99 100 FY 205.

The CHANGE command is not needed after the last analysis. LOAD LIST 3 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 113 114 120 121 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 5 6 12 13 A list of joint displacements. element stresses for elements 34 and 67.3 FY 273. and support reactions at a list of joints for load case 3. .Part I . are obtained with the help of the above commands.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK Load case 3 consists of several joint loads acting in the upward direction at one end and downward on the other end to apply an overturning moment that will lift off one end. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated.Application Examples 256 Example Problem 27 124 125 FY 136.

5 6 0.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8.0 REPEAT 3 8. 15. 30.00 MZ= 1 ) -499230.0 REPEAT 5 6. 23. 18. 8.0 40.0 0. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.0 3 0.50 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 126/ 102/ 126 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.0 0.0 0.0 ALL POISSON 0. 11.0 0.00 = 0.00 = -7740.0 20.0 0. 7. 21.0 2 0.0 6. 35. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 1 iterations.0 0. 16. STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE * SPRING COMPRESSION EXAMPLE SET NL 3 UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.5 0. 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0. 22.0 CONSTANTS E 4000. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 19. 32. 2.12 ALL SPRING COMPRESSION 1 TO 126 KFY UNIT FEET SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 12.01 MY= 0.5 0. 28. 26. 14.0 0. 29. 9.333 5 0.0 12. 4. 3.0 LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.0 0. 34. 10.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 8. 33. 25.0 0. Intl. 20.167 4 0. 5.0 0.0 36.0 0. 31.0 0. 27.0 0.03 378 1 1 257 .0 0.0 28. 24. 17.0 REPEAT 3 8.Example Problem 27 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 REPEAT 3 8.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 154800. 13.5 7 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 0. 12. 6.0 0.

Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.47 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.0 104 FY -974. 42. 58. 45. 52. 57. 43. 47.4 22 23 FY -410.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -154800.7 27 FY -1085. 29 30 FY -205.Application Examples 258 Example Problem 27 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0. 51.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.66 MY= 0.01 MY= 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 13964. 38. 46. CHANGE LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217.0 103 FY -487.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 301253.90 = 0.3 92 93 FY -205.00 = -13964.0 113 114 FY -109.5 47 54 82 FY -264.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 7740.0 120 121 FY -217.90 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0. 53. 49. 50. 55. 39.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -301253.66 MY= 0.03 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0.2 48 55 76 83 FY -528. 44. 54.50000E+00 1 Z = 0. 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0. 56.00 MZ= 1 ) 499230.0 124 FY -273.0 99 100 FY -410.19726E-10 45 1) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 36. 37. 40.47 2 2 . 48.00000E+00 0 RZ= 4. 41. 8 9 FY -109.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 1 iterations.Part I .3 125 FY -546.00 MZ= -884991. 26 FY -542. 5 FY -308.51342E-10 2 RY= 0.00 MZ= 2 ) 2 ) 884991.00000E+00 0 RX= 9.00000E+00 0 Y = -1.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307.7 6 FY -617.

5 47 54 82 FY -132. 67. 26 FY -271.2 48 55 76 83 FY -264.50 JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -100. 72. 61. 80. 8 9 FY -50. 83. 77. 29 30 FY -102. 74.00000E+00 0 Y = -1.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 10533. CHANGE LOAD 3 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. 2 3 4 5 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 5 iterations.00 = -10533. 66.36 MY= 0. NO.4 22 23 FY -205.00000E+00 0 RX= 7. 68.00 MZ= -478687. 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.00000E+00 0 RZ= 9.7 27 FY -542. 62.0 103 FY 243.09725E+01 120 Z = 0.10 = 0. 69.00 MZ= 3 ) 3 ) 478687. 75.0 99 100 FY 205.78 3 3 259 . 5 FY -150. 73.0 124 FY 136. 82.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 213519. 79.0 120 121 FY 108.0 104 FY 487. NO.36 MY= 0. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.7 6 FY -310. 64. 60.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -213519. 76.Example Problem 27 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0. 70.69957E-02 6 2) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 59.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -153.3 125 FY 273. 71.3 92 93 FY 102.89606E-02 99 RY= 0.10 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0. 63. 78.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK **START **START **START **START ITERATION ITERATION ITERATION ITERATION NO.0 113 114 FY 54. NO. 65.78 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0. 81.

13 ANGLE= -34.83669E+01 120 Z = 0.00 1449.49737 0.81 0.36691 22.96 43.00000 0.00 724.00000 0.21 -57. 3 3 7.62 TMAX= 6.83 1303.25 SMIN= -30.38 1303.249564E+02 67 3 1.00000 Z-ROTAN 0.09579 -0.99 0.09786E-01 125 3) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 84. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 34 3 TOP : BOTT: 67 -4.74 2.29 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 7.53915 28.00000 0.06506 0.074621E+03 -1.91 SMIN= -1074.00000E+00 0 RZ= 1.1 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 1.074621E+03 PLATE NO.00000E+00 0 Y = 2.45 188. 67 67 CASE NO.00000 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 5 6 12 13 1.00000 0.50 188.64 3 TOP : BOTT: SQX VONT TRESCAT 37.00 202.Part I . LOAD LIST 3 85.00 101.44 1449.96 0. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.11615 Y-ROTAN 0.22268E-01 120 RY= 0.91 SMAX= 375.09437 -0.2 5.449913E+03 67 3 .2 ANGLE= -34.00000 0.44 0.62 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX -6.29 SMAX= 1074.81 202.08912 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 86.00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 19.51 0.00000 X-ROTAN -0.13 101.96 724.25 SMAX= 171.17264 14.00 ANGLE= -27.00000E+00 0 RX= -1.06945 0.12227 -0.62 SMAX= 30.58 0.62 TMAX= SMIN= -375.1 ANGLE= -27.LENGTH UNITS= KIP FEET STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.00000 0.00000 0.64 TMAX= SMIN= -171.303438E+03 67 3 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 87.00 6.10056 0.00000 0. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 113 114 120 121 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 113 114 120 121 X-TRANS 3 3 3 3 Y-TRANS 0.Application Examples 260 Example Problem 27 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0.

uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.60 0.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 0.06 168.Pro.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.08 153.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * * * North America support@bentley.co.com * * Asia support@bentley.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 0.Example Problem 27 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 5 6 12 13 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 3 3 3 3 0.00 0.10 149.00 0.com * ************************************************************ 261 .00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 88.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 148.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.

Part I .Application Examples 262 Example Problem 27 NOTES .

pier-cap girders and a deck slab.Example Problem 28 Example Problem No. 28 This example demonstrates the input required for obtaining the modes and frequencies of the skewed bridge shown in the figure below. The structure consists of piers. 263 .

in 3 successive operations. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. IGNORE LIST Further below in this file. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0. the above command is required.5 0 0. Next. 3 6. 11 -1 10 0 25 16.5 0 0. Y and Z coordinates are specified first. To prevent the program from treating that condition (referring to elements which do not exist) as an error.Part I . 2 4 0 0. the X coordinate of these 21 joints is incremented by 4 meters and the Z coordinate is incremented by 14 meters. To achieve this. we will call element lists in which some element numbers may not actually be present in the structure.5 10 0 REPEAT ALL 3 4 0 14 For joints 1 through 6. using the coordinates of joints 11 and 25 as the basis. . 63 new joints are generated.5 0 0. We do so because it minimizes the effort involved in fetching the desired elements and reduces the size of the respective commands. The remainder of the words forms a title to identify this project. the joint number followed by the X. Y and Z axes. 5 11. 6 15. Following this. UNIT METER KN The units for the data that follows are specified above.Application Examples 264 Example Problem 28 STAAD SPACE FREQUENCIES OF VIBRATION OF A SKEWED BRIDGE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. joints 12 through 24 are generated using linear interpolation. 4 9 0 0. using the data of these 21 joints (1 through 6 and 11 through 25).

303 to 316. DEFINE MESH A JOINT 11 B JOINT 25 C JOINT 46 D JOINT 32 E JOINT 67 F JOINT 53 G JOINT 88 H JOINT 74 265 . 4 4 19 . member 101 is defined as connected between 11 & 12. 404 to 417. 49 49 59 . 27 27 36 . 50 50 61 . 52 52 65 68 68 76 . 28 28 38 . 3 3 17 . The above method is a combination of explicit definition and generation. 31 31 44 47 47 55 . by incrementing those nodes by 1 unit at a time (which is the default increment). Similarly. Details of this command is available in Section 5. 29 29 40 . 48 48 57 . 73 73 86 The member connectivity data (joint numbers between which members are connected) is specified for the 24 columns for the structure. 71 71 82 .11 of the Technical Reference manual.Pro's graphical viewing facilities. is the explicit definition method. MEMBER INCI 1 1 13 . 5 5 21 . 69 69 78 .Example Problem 28 The REPEAT ALL command is used for the generation. we create members 202 to 215. Then. 51 51 63 . 30 30 42 . 70 70 80 . 2 2 15 . 72 72 84 . and. The results of the generation may be visually verified using STAAD. No generation is involved here. 101 11 12 114 202 32 33 215 303 53 54 316 404 74 75 417 The member connectivity data is specified for the pier cap beams for the structure. 6 6 23 26 26 34 . The above method. For example. the incidences of members 102 to 114 are generated. where the member number is followed by the 2 node numbers.

B. with 14 divisions along the edges AB and CD. Details of the above can be found in Section 5.Part I . we use a technique called mesh generation. B 16. 46 and 32). For this. A is the same as joint 11 while D is the same as joint 32. we could have defined the super-element nodes as A -1 10 0 . It may be noted here that we have taken great care to ensure that the resulting elements and the piercap beams form a perfect fit. etc. there is no overlap between the two in a manner that nodes of the beams are at a different point in space than nodes of elements. and 12 along the edges BC and DA. GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 14 12 MESH DCEF 14 12 MESH FEGH 14 12 The above lines are the instructions for generating the “child” elements from the super-elements.5 10 14 . we generate a total of 14X12=168 elements. 25. Alternatively. This is absolutely essential to ensure proper transfer of load and stiffness from beams to plates . from the superelement bound by the corners A. D 3 10 14 . Note that instead of elaborately defining the coordinates of the corner nodes of the super-elements. These are the elements which make up the first span. 168 elements are created for the 2nd span. and another 168 for the 3rd span. Thus. For example. we have taken advantage of the fact that the coordinates of these joints (A through H) have already been defined or generated earlier. Mesh generation is a process of generating several "child" elements from a "parent" or "super" element. In other words.14 of the Technical Reference manual.5 10 0 . C and D (which in turn are nodes 11. C 20. Similarly. At every node along their common boundary.Application Examples 266 Example Problem 28 The next step is to generate the deck slab which will be modeled using plate elements. The above set of commands defines the corner nodes of the super-element. plates and beams are properly connected.

and prismatic circular sections for the columns. the pier columns are assigned the name PIERS. The tools of the graphical user interface may be used to confirm that beam-plate connectivity is proper for this model. such as members. ELEMENT PROPERTY YRA 9 11 TH 0.6 ZD 0. START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _GIRDERS 101 TO 114 202 TO 215 303 TO 316 404 TO 417 _PIERS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 ELEMENT _P1 447 TO 450 454 TO 457 461 TO 464 468 TO 471 _P2 531 TO 534 538 TO 541 545 TO 548 552 TO 555 _P3 615 TO 618 622 TO 625 629 TO 632 636 TO 639 _P4 713 TO 716 720 TO 723 727 TO 730 734 TO 737 _P5 783 TO 786 790 TO 793 797 TO 800 804 TO 807 _P6 881 TO 884 888 TO 891 895 TO 898 902 TO 905 END GROUP DEFINITION The above block of data is referred to as formation of groups. The reason is that these elements happen to be right beneath wheels of vehicles whose weight will be used in the frequency calculation. and so on.6 _PIERS PRIS YD 1. For the deck. the piercap beams are being grouped to a name called GIRDERS. Group names are a mechanism by which a single moniker can be used to refer to a cluster of entities.Example Problem 28 and vice versa. MEMBER PROPERTY _GIRDERS PRIS YD 0. a few selected elements are chosen into a few selective groups.0 Member properties are assigned as prismatic rectangular sections for the girders. For our structure.375 267 .

which happen to be at a Y elevation of 10 metres (between a YRANGE of 9 metres and 11 metres) are assigned a thickness of 375 mms. This is like saying that the command CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 6 has been specified. in the absence of any explicit instruction. Further. the limitations of the mathematical process used in extracting modes may limit the number of modes that can actually be extracted.mm for all members. Built-in default value for Poisson's ratio for concrete is also assigned to ALL members and elements. STAAD calculates only the first 6 modes. UNIT KNS METER CONSTANTS DENSITY 24 ALL Following a change of units.) In many cases.Application Examples 268 Example Problem 28 The plate elements of the deck slab. However. the first few modes may be sufficient to obtain a significant portion of the total dynamic response. density of concrete is specified. SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 FIXED The base nodes of the piers are fully restrained (FIXED supports). In a large structure. The keyword CONSTANTS has to precede this data. Due to these reasons. (One measure of the importance of modes is the participation factor of that mode.Part I . . CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65 Theoretically. not all modes are of equal importance. UNIT NEWTON MMS CONSTANTS E 21000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The Modulus of elasticity (E) is set to 21000 N/sq. the extraction process can also be very time consuming. a structure has as many modes of vibration as the number of degrees of freedom in the model.

0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. If the inspection of the first 6 modes reveals that the overall vibration pattern of the structure has not been obtained.Example Problem 28 (Versions of STAAD prior to STAAD.Pro Technical Reference Manual.Pro 2000 calculated only 3 modes by default). one may ask STAAD to compute a larger (or smaller) number of modes with the help of this command.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. The number that follows this command is the number of modes being requested. UNIT KGS METER LOAD 1 FREQUENCY CALCULATION SELFWEIGHT X 1. we are asking for 65 modes by specifying CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65.3 of the STAAD.0 * PERMANENT WEIGHTS ON DECK ELEMENT LOAD YRA 9 11 PR GX 200 YRA 9 11 PR GY 200 YRA 9 11 PR GZ 200 * VEHICLES ON SPANS .ONLY Y & Z EFFECT CONSIDERED ELEMENT LOAD _P1 PR GY 700 _P2 PR GY 700 _P3 PR GY 700 _P4 PR GY 700 _P5 PR GY 700 _P6 PR GY 700 _P1 PR GZ 700 _P2 PR GZ 700 _P3 PR GZ 700 _P4 PR GZ 700 _P5 PR GZ 700 _P6 PR GZ 700 The mathematical method that STAAD uses is called the eigen extraction method. In our example.18. 269 . Some information on this is available in Section 1.

not masses.global X. modulus of elasticty. is assembled using data such as member and element lengths. In other words. If the structure is declared as a PLANE frame. The mass matrix is assembled using only the masses from the weights and directions specified by the user. STAAD will convert weights to masses by dividing the input by "g".global X. The input you specify is weights. global Y and global Z. 2. Similarly.Part I .Application Examples 270 Example Problem 28 The method involves 2 matrices . member offsets. usually called the [K] matrix. notice that we are specifying the selfweight along global X. a 200 kg/sq. Internally. support information. Poisson's ratio. and global Y. In our example. Y and Z directions. However. The stiffness matrix. the corresponding degrees of freedom (such as for example. there are 3 possible directions . the acceleration due to gravity. So. STAAD uses the load data specified in the load case in which the MODAL CAL REQ command is specified. etc. there are 2 possible directions of vibration . You have control over and are responsible for specifying the directions in which the masses ought to vibrate. For assembling the mass matrix.the stiffness matrix. and the mass matrix. the mass is not capable of . global X at node 34 hypothetically) will not receive a contribution in the mass matrix. this does not guarantee that STAAD will automatically consider the masses for vibration in all the available directions. called the [M] matrix. member and element properties. If the structure is declared as a SPACE frame. The reasoning is something like . if a weight is not specified along a certain direction. we choose to apply it on just a few elements in the global Y and Z directions only.for the X direction.m pressure load is also specified along all 3 directions on the deck. some of the important aspects to bear in mind are : 1. member and element releases. But for the truck loads.

271 . As much as possible. it automatically will carry out a frequency extraction without the help of the MODAL . the total weight at a given node is the algebraic summation of all the weights in the global directions at that node and the mass is then derived from this algebraic resultant. not necessarily what you may wish to do. When STAAD encounters the commands for response spectrum (see example 11) and time history (see examples 16 and 22). this is just a demonstration example. STAAD is programmed to algebraically add the weights at nodes. But in such analyses. Frequencies and modes have to be calculated also when dynamic analysis such as response spectrum or time history analysis is carried out. command. It is specified inside a load case. the MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED command is not explicitly required. 3. provide absolute values for the weights.Example Problem 28 vibrating because the tires allow the truck to roll along X. So. Remember. MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED This is the command which tells the program that frequencies and modes should be calculated. this command accompanies the loads that are to be used in generating the mass matrix.. all he/she has to do is not provide the directions in which those weights cannot vibrate in. if some weights are specified as positive numbers and others as negative. The point we wish to illustrate is that if a user wishes to restrict a certain weight to certain directions only. In other words.

Frequencies.Part I . FINISH This terminates the STAAD run. . periods and participation factors are automatically reported in the output file when the operation is completed.Application Examples 272 Example Problem 28 PERFORM ANALYSIS This initiates the processes which are required to obtain the frequencies.

2. 51. 15. 5 5 21 . 25. 30 30 42 . 28.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 26. 43. 22. 17. 58. 44. 55. 32. 10. 39. 35.6 _PIERS PRIS YD 1. 52. 34. 42. 14.375 UNIT NEWTON MMS CONSTANTS E 21000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL UNIT KNS METER CONSTANTS DENSITY 24 ALL SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 FIXED CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65 UNIT KGS METER LOAD 1 FREQUENCY CALCULATION SELFWEIGHT X 1. 52 52 65 68 68 76 . 30. 41. 37. 49 49 59 . 50 50 61 . 69 69 78 . 59. 5. 2 4 0 0. 4 9 0 0. 49. 60. 71 71 82 .5 10 0 REPEAT ALL 3 4 0 14 MEMBER INCI 1 1 13 . 27. 28 28 38 . 38. 29. 6.0 273 .6 ZD 0. 27 27 36 . 57. 7.5 0 0.Example Problem 28 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 12. 36. 4. 18. 31. 3 3 17 . 48. 48 48 57 . 56. 73 73 86 101 11 12 114 202 32 33 215 303 53 54 316 404 74 75 417 DEFINE MESH A JOINT 11 B JOINT 25 C JOINT 46 D JOINT 32 E JOINT 67 F JOINT 53 G JOINT 88 H JOINT 74 GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 14 12 MESH DCEF 14 12 MESH FEGH 14 12 START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _GIRDERS 101 TO 114 202 TO 215 303 TO 316 404 TO 417 _PIERS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 ELEMENT _P1 447 TO 450 454 TO 457 461 TO 464 468 TO 471 _P2 531 TO 534 538 TO 541 545 TO 548 552 TO 555 _P3 615 TO 618 622 TO 625 629 TO 632 636 TO 639 _P4 713 TO 716 720 TO 723 727 TO 730 734 TO 737 _P5 783 TO 786 790 TO 793 797 TO 800 804 TO 807 _P6 881 TO 884 888 TO 891 895 TO 898 902 TO 905 END GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER PROPERTY _GIRDERS PRIS YD 0. 70 70 80 . 21.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 33. 6 15. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 47. 40. 6 6 23 26 26 34 . 19. 9. STAAD SPACE FREQUENCIES OF VIBRATION OF A SKEWED BRIDGE IGNORE LIST UNIT METER KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0. 3 6. 72 72 84 . 23. 8. 29 29 40 . Intl. 46. 24. 11. 54. 16. 45. 13. 51 51 63 . 50. 31 31 44 47 47 55 . 4 4 19 . 53. 2 2 15 .5 0 0 11 -1 10 0 25 16.0 ELEMENT PROPERTY YRA 9 11 TH 0. 3. 5 11.5 0 0. 20.

762 15.08961 0. 83. 66. 63.06824 0.577 11. 78. ELEM.654 14. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 24 3330 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED.NO.677 14.06612 .NO.921 12. 71.373 4.09316 0.09671 0. 65.734 11.38433 0.26636 0. 73.08275 0. SELFWEIGHT Z 1.08388 0.13582 0.275 11.488 13.08454 0.08638 0.0 * PERMANENT WEIGHTS ON DECK ELEMENT LOAD YRA 9 11 PR GX 200 YRA 9 11 PR GY 200 YRA 9 11 PR GZ 200 * VEHICLES ON SPANS . 79.ONLY Y & Z EFFECT CONSIDERED ELEMENT LOAD _P1 PR GY 700 _P2 PR GY 700 _P3 PR GY 700 _P4 PR GY 700 _P5 PR GY 700 _P6 PR GY 700 _P1 PR GZ 700 _P2 PR GZ 700 _P3 PR GZ 700 _P4 PR GZ 700 _P5 PR GZ 700 _P6 PR GZ 700 MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 579/ SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 584/ 1. 76. 67. 80. 101 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED.363 10.189 7.238 7.085 12.882 3.636 2. 74.160 11.07311 0.519 4.829 11.08007 0.125 0. 81.24532 0.341 10.Part I .21355 0.34695 0. 72.028 7. 70. 84. 64.61111 0. 85. 101 NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = 65 NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 1665 NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 65 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 1.076 4. 75.08869 0. ELEM.683 5. ELEM.13911 0.22130 0. 69. 82.06774 0.13815 0.754 4.Application Examples 274 Example Problem 28 61.19889 0.22869 0. 101 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED.NO.602 2.

04 0.00 0.305 27.845 21.00 0.985 24.03174 0.00 0.326 99.05020 0.204 99.00 0.01 0.061 99.02783 0.04869 0.496 3.00 0.01 0.27 0.326 99.736 99.740 99.03043 0.753 99.05 0.00 0.469 26.19 0.04850 0.162 35.01 0.00 26.009 32.808 27.00 0.349 56.735 99.747 19.364 56.00 0.426 21.01 0.754 99.229 3.992 31.766 99.536 3.00 3.01 0.618 20.00 0.969 55.355 56.898 99.04667 0.01 0.765 99.00 0.00 0.939 99.422 26.00 0.923 35.151 99.940 99.02844 0.574 32.923 99.741 99.937 99.04729 0.01 0.863 34.04 0.550 29.00 0.05070 0.042 99.00 0.826 39.03785 0.358 56.804 30.070 23.136 99.02 0.889 99.03156 0.725 19.151 99.153 23.03846 0.740 99.03600 0.13 0.979 56.00 99.928 36.948 275 .04587 0.940 99.02824 0.000 55.494 0.383 99.308 17.062 99.00 0.53 0.776 28.575 30.000 0.364 56.478 17.000 0.501 31.02 0.00 0.03355 0.518 23.909 99.354 56.151 99.02863 0.00 0.736 99.37 0.00 0.05635 0.927 55.03662 0.012 99.00 25.06 0.002 26.00 0.05 0.146 21.202 99.05721 0.03070 0.00 0.04531 0.740 55.14 0.364 56.00 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.135 99.00 0.736 99.801 22.03227 0.411 35.59 0.01 0.972 29.690 32.04 99.Example Problem 28 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 PERIOD(SEC) 17.00 0.00 0.02932 0.655 25.923 99.947 99.01 0.04169 0.766 0.42 0.326 99.135 99.529 38.587 55.04797 0.04252 0.02592 0.204 99.921 20.03730 0.00 0.03124 0.04 0.02576 0.354 56.15 0.01 0.00 0.04319 0.112 99.326 99.05778 0.00 0.00 0.368 56.23 0.753 99.56 0.00 0.101 34.00 0.937 99.00 0.740 99.01 0.03452 0.871 55.740 99.00 0.04056 0.03926 0.969 55.536 20.585 38.02738 0.00 0.02532 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 X Y Z 0.03384 0.151 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.754 99.062 99.

00 0.03 1.622 73.116 72.858 99.859 99.02 0.860 99.226 73.09 0.00 0.00 0.761 74.09 0.00 0.214 65.00 0.972 99.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.42 0.972 99.965 99.859 99.736 67.967 67.973 99.00 0.973 99.02 0.971 99.974 99.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.Part I .00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.854 99.985 99.com * ************************************************************ .858 99.057 73.00 0.06 0.980 73.00 0.205 61.856 99.974 99.972 99.860 99.04 0.00 0.00 0.48 0.00 0.00 99.00 0.858 99.00 0.737 65.00 0.14 0.623 73.00 0.00 0.985 99.00 0.965 99.19 0.006 74.06 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.co.01 3.15 4.00 0.02 0.00 0.732 61.53 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.854 99.00 0.01 0.611 73.00 0.00 0.973 99.00 0.984 99.857 99.857 99.00 0.00 0.973 99.767 99.00 0.06 0.973 99.466 74.79 0.973 99.973 99.974 99.869 56.00 0.00 0.975 99.02 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.768 99.858 99.831 73.00 0.00 0.905 72.856 99.856 99.00 0.00 0.00 2.00 0.17 0.562 56.00 0.Application Examples 276 Example Problem 28 MODE X Y Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 0.868 99.855 99.676 58.00 0.00 0.00 0.832 99.926 67.00 0.00 0.736 65.26 0.00 0.00 0.976 99.970 99.00 0.03 0.857 99.868 99.00 0.226 73.38 0.00 0.973 99.319 65.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.856 99.384 56.com * * * * North America support@bentley.857 99.01 0.610 73.18 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.736 73.00 0.973 99.974 99.01 0.985 99.308 65.00 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.856 99.868 99.932 67.823 73.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.865 99.971 99.971 99.974 99.11 0.767 99.033 73.852 99.973 99.00 0.00 0.856 99.co.758 73.730 73.968 73.00 0.970 74.00 0.972 99.856 99.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.969 68.143 74.00 0.856 99.858 99.00 0.00 0.859 99.972 99.972 99.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 0.07 0.861 99.965 99.00 0.908 99.974 99.591 57.858 99.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.965 99.00 0.858 99.406 74.00 0.00 0.00 0.971 99.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.30 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.611 73.829 99.859 99.01 0.768 99.53 3.00 0.973 99.00 0.981 99.986 86.00 0.972 99.00 0.Pro.

189 0.028 0.641E-16 8 4.683 0. (This file can be viewed from File .19889 0. i.26636 0. we obtain a report.000E+00 5 4. Mode number and corresponding frequencies and periods Since we asked for 65 modes.21355 5.238 0.13911 8. a portion of which is as shown: CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 MODE FREQUENCY PERIOD (CYCLES/SEC) (SEC) ACCURACY 1 1.025E-16 7 4.Example Problem 28 Understanding the output: After the analysis is complete.519 0.373 0.602 0.253E-16 9 5.000E+00 3 2.882 0.34695 8.13582 0.666E-16 4 3.Output File .38433 0.View .000E+00 277 .754 0. look at the output file.636 0.STAAD output).000E+00 10 7.61111 1.24532 3.076 0.000E+00 12 7.363 0.916E-16 11 7.13815 0.466E-16 6 4.22870 6.22130 5.344E-16 2 2.

27 0.575 99.00 99.326 11 0.000 99.062 5 0.04 0.01 0.042 2 99.05 99.00 0.05 0.14 0.Application Examples 278 Example Problem 28 ii.927 99.00 25.00 3. even with 10 modes. the first 2 modes are sufficient.000 99. We can see from the above report that for vibration along Z direction.062 4 0.53 0. we barely obtained 60%.00 99.151 3.23 0.00 0.000 99.04 0.151 0.00 99.204 30. Participation factors in Percentage MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT MODE X Y Z 0.135 7 0.13 0.42 % participation along Y and 0 in X and Z.112 6 0. The out-of-plane flexible nature of the slab enables it to vibrate in a .136 9 0.326 10 0.871 99.736 55.06 0.00 99.42 0.04 percent participation.587 99.00 0.736 55.204 55.135 8 0. we said that one measure of the importance of a mode is the participation factor of that mode.736 55.04 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 1 0. But for the Y direction. The SUMM-X. The deck slab is capable of vibrating in several low energy and primarily vertical direction modes.151 0.04 0.02 99.229 99.00 0.00 26.496 99.00 99.151 3. One can infer from those terms that if one is interested in 95% participation along X.740 99.Part I .15 0.00 99.19 99.00 99.012 0.02 99.00 99.59 0.969 99. SUMM-Y and SUMM-Z columns show the cumulative value of the participation of all the modes upto and including a given mode.061 3 0.202 3. the first mode has a 99.735 55.326 12 0. It is also apparent that the 7th mode is primarily a Y direction mode with a 26.00 0.326 In the explanation earlier for the CUT OFF MODE command. The reason for this can be understood by an examination of the nature of the structure.00 0.536 99.

The Animation option of the Results menu can be used for animating the mode. select Post-processing from the mode menu. The mode number can be selected from the “Loads and Results” tab of the “Diagrams” dialog box which comes up when the Animation option is chosen. Masses on either side of the equilibrium point have opposing eigenvector values leading to a lot of cancellation of the contribution from the respective masses. The size to which the mode is drawn is controlled using the “Scales” tab of the “Diagrams” dialog box. The Dynamics page on the left side of the screen is available for viewing the shape of the mode statically. Localized modes. This screen contains facilities for graphically examining the shape of the mode in static and animated views. also result in small participation factors. iii. Viewing the mode shapes After the analysis is completed.Example Problem 28 manner resembling a series of wave like curves. 279 . where small pockets in the structure undergo flutter due to their relative weak stiffness compared to the rest of the model.

Part I .Application Examples 280 Example Problem 28 NOTES .

00m 2. For the seismic case.00m 281 .70m 1. static load cases are solved along with the seismic load case. 29 Analysis and design of a structure for seismic loads is demonstrated in this example. the maximum values of displacements.80m 1. 1. The results of the dynamic case are combined with those of the static cases and steel design is performed on the combined cases.80m 1.90m 3. The elaborate dynamic analysis procedure called time history analysis is used. In this model. forces and reactions are obtained.50m 3.80m 3.Example Problem 29 Example Problem No.

Y and Z coordinates as specified above. REPEAT ALL commands are used for the generation. 23 6 14 24 8 16.8 7 0 .5 0 . The remainder of the words form a title to identify this project. 19 7.5 0 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 17 1.3 0 . 18 & 19) and generation (20. Details of these commands are available in Section 5. 25 3 17.6 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 For joints 1 through 4. The coordinates of these joints are used as a basis for generating 12 more joints by incrementing the X & Z coordinates by specific amounts. Following this. 3 0 5. 19 21 22. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 29 18 21 .Part I .Pro's graphical viewing facilities. another round of explicit definition (joints 17. 14 17 18. 26 7 19. 15 18 19. The results of the generation may be visually verified using STAAD. STAAD SPACE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS FOR SEISMIC LOADS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.11 of the Technical Reference manual.Application Examples 282 Example Problem 29 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. UNIT METER KNS The units for the data that follows are specified above. 27 11 20. 18 20 21. 28 15 22. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1123 REPEAT 1 3 4 7 9 10 9 10 13 14 12 13 4 17. 18 4. 4 0 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 9. the joint number is followed by the X. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 20 22 16 21 2 10. 16 19 8 17 12 20. 2 0 3. 21 & 22) is carried out. 22 4 12.6 7 0 . Y and Z axes.

we can understand that the diagonal braces are being assigned a single angle. Just from the looks of the command. and so on. such as members. The benefit of using the group name is apparent here. The members which receive these properties are those embedded within the respective group names.Example Problem 29 A mixture of explicit definition and generation of member connectivity data (joint numbers between which members are connected) is used to generate 29 members for the structure. the columns are being grouped to a name called VERTICAL. For our structure. Group names are a mechanism by which a single moniker can be used to refer to a cluster of entities. the beams running along the X direction are assigned the name XBEAM. MEMBER PROPERTIES CANADIAN _VERTICAL TA ST W310X97 _XBEAM TA ST W250X39 _ZBEAM TA ST C200X17 _BRACE TA ST L152X152X13 Member properties are assigned from the Canadian steel table. 283 . START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _VERTICAL 1 TO 12 _XBEAM 13 TO 20 _ZBEAM 21 TO 24 29 _BRACE 25 TO 28 END GROUP DEFINITION The above block of data is referred to as formation of groups. The alternative. which would be 25 TO 28 TA ST L152X152X13 would have required us to go to the graphical tools to get a sense of what members 25 to 28 are.

UNIT KGS METER CONSTANT DENSITY 7800 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 180 MEMB 21 22 Density and Poisson for all members is set using the above commands. which is 6.0 DAMPING 0. and hence the need to override the default. UNIT METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 ACCELERATION READ EQDATA. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 30 The above command is a critical command if one wishes to override the default number of modes computed and used in a dynamic analysis. This command is explained in Section 5.mm for all members.30 of the Technical Reference manual. The default. may not always be sufficient to capture a significant portion of the structural response in a response spectrum or time history analysis.Application Examples 284 Example Problem 29 UNIT KNS MMS CONSTANT E 200 ALL The Modulus of elasticity (E) is set to 200 kN/sq.TXT ARRIVAL TIME 0. The BETA angle for the channels along the left edge is set to 180 so their legs point toward the interior of the structure. The keyword CONSTANTS has to precede this data.Part I .05 . SUPPORTS 1 5 9 13 PINNED The bottom ends of the columns of the platform are pinned supported.

A sample portion of that file is as shown below. it may also be noted that the geological data for the site the building sits on indicate that the above acceleration values are a fraction of "g". the EQDATA. In this file. the parameters of the earthquake (ground acceleration) are provided. Thus.31.010870 While it may not be apparent from the above numbers. the acceleration due to gravity.006300 0. which is apparent from the fact that only one TYPE is defined.Example Problem 29 There are two stages in the command specification required for a time-history analysis. (If one wishes to specify a forcing function. for example. Consequently. 0.000990 0. ground acceleration data in the file called EQDATA. the keyword FORCE must be used instead.0600 0.02 seconds. Each data set is individually identified by the number that follows the TYPE command.4 of the Technical Reference manual.0000 0. the burden of informing the program that the values need to be multiplied by "g" is upon us.TXT".0200 0. 285 .007580 0.0800 0. It means that we have chosen to specify the time vs. the acceleration is 0.00364 multiplied by 32. Here. That file must reside in the same folder as the one in which the data file for this structure resides.) Notice the expression "READ EQDATA.TXT.0400 0. The word FORCE that follows the TYPE 1 command signifies that this data set is for a ground acceleration.TXT file is a simple text file containing several pairs of time-acceleration data. The first stage is defined above.2 ft/sec^2).806 m/sec^2 (or 0. As explained in the small examples shown in Section 5.004280 0.003640 0.00364 multiplied by 9. at 0.1000 0. only one data set is defined. and we shall be doing so at a later step.

our structure has a floor slab. Y and Z coordinates in space. as there is no other dynamic load on the structure from the relative time standpoint. is not meant to be an integral part of the framing system. and the region of the structure in terms of X. It merely transmits the load to the beam-column grid.9 7. We have chosen 0. using a triangular or trapezoidal load distribution method.0 The above data describe a static load case. though capable of carrying the loads acting on itself. Since the slab is not part of the structural model.05. Thus. LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF STRUCTURE ACTING STATICALLY SELFWEIGHT Y -1. In the process of converting the pressure to beam loads. The modal damping ratio for all the modes is set to 0. It is a facility where we specify the load as a pressure. There are uniform area loads on the floor (think of the load as wooden pallets supporting boxes of paper). At the Y=7. and the program converts the pressure to individual beam loads.Part I . But. LOAD 2 PLATFORM LEVEL LOAD ACTING STATICALLY FLOOR LOAD YRA 6. it is a non-structural entity which. how do we tell the program to transmit the imposed load from the slab to the beams without manually converting them to distributed beam loads ourselves? That is where the floor load utility comes in handy. similar to the squares of a chess board. the input required from the user is very simple .Application Examples 286 Example Problem 29 The arrival time value indicates the relative value of time at which the earthquake begins to act upon the structure.1 FLOAD -500 Load case 2 is also a static load case. The selfweight of the structure is acting in the negative global Y direction.load intensity in the form of pressure. . The load on each panel is then tranferred to beams surrounding the panel. STAAD will consider the empty space between criss-crossing beams (in plan view) to be panels.0. of the area over which the pressure acts.0m elevation.

GROUND MOTION X 1 1 9. Thus. Here we say that the seismic force. is to be applied along the X direction.806 indicates the value which the accleration data.806 The above command too is part of load case 3.9 7. We mentioned earlier that the acceleration input data was specified as a fraction of “g”. which will yield the degree of freedom numbers of the mass matrix for being populated. the selfweight. as well as the imposed loads on the nonstructural slab are to be considered as participating in the vibration along all the global directions. as read from EQDATA.TXT are to be factored by before they are used. 287 . loads which will yield the mass values which will populate the mass matrix the directions of the loads.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.0 FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 6. b.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1.1 FLOAD 500 GX YRANGE 6.Example Problem 29 LOAD 3 DYNAMIC LOAD * MASSES SELFWEIGHT X 1. whose characteristics are defined by the TYPE 1 time history input data. The number 9.9 7.9 7. The data here are a. the one which contains the second part of the instruction set for a dynamic analysis to be performed.1 FLOAD 500 GY YRANGE 6. acting at arrival time 1.1 FLOAD 500 GZ Load case 3 is the dynamic load case.

If we wish to do a design. . these will be just the maximum values. That means. the maximum from among those time steps is available.0 2 1.0. That is what is being done above. computing nodal displacements.0 3 -1.Application Examples 288 Example Problem 29 LOAD COMBINATION 11 (STATIC + POSITIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1. for the dynamic case. 11 consists of the sum of the static load cases (1 & 2) with the positive direction of the dynamic load case (3). As mentioned earlier. 1000 for FY etc. not the ones generated for every time step. 12 consists of the sum of the static load cases (1 & 2) with the negative direction of the dynamic load case (3).Part I . If the user wishes to see the results for each time step.0 In a time history analysis. However.0 2 1. etc. for that load case. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above is the instruction to perform the analysis related calculations. If there are a 1000 time steps. support reactions.0 LOAD COMBINATION 12 (STATIC + NEGATIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1. Load combination case no. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above command is an instruction to the program to produce a report of the joint displacements. one way to make sure that the structure is not under-designed is to create 2 load combination cases involving the dynamic case. support reactions and member end forces in the output file. Not all of them can be used in a further calculation like a steel or concrete design. a positive combination. there will be 1000 values of FX. he/she may do so by using STAAD's Postprocessing facilities.0 3 1. the member forces FX thru MZ each have a value for every time step. The user has discretion on what load factors to use with these combinations. and a negative combination. Load combination case no. We have chosen the factors to be 1.

Example Problem 29 LOAD LIST 11 12 PARAMETER CODE CANADA CHECK CODE ALL A steel design .code check .is done according to the Canadian code for load cases 11 and 12. FINISH 289 .

.0 LOAD 2 PLATFORM LEVEL LOAD ACTING STATICALLY FLOOR LOAD YRA 6. 29. 36. 27 11 20.5 0 .Application Examples 290 Example Problem 29 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 18.3 0 . 14.05 LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF STRUCTURE ACTING STATICALLY SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 56. Please note that depending on the shape of the floor you may have to break up the FLOOR/ONEWAY LOAD into multiple commands. Intl. 13. 5. 24. 33. 60.TXT ARRIVAL TIME 0. For details please refer to Technical Reference Manual Section 5.9 7. 16. 23. 25 3 17. 4. 15.Part I . 2 0 3. 26 7 19. 3 0 5. 23 6 14 24 8 16. 27. 48.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 37. 41. 14 17 18. 22 4 12. 64. 40. 51. 31. 11. 21. 3. 26. STAAD SPACE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS FOR SEISMIC LOADS UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 61. 35. 16 19 8 17 12 20. 19 21 22. 53. 45.4 Note 6. 30. 25. 57. 55. 18 4. 15 18 19. 12. 32. 18 20 21.1 FLOAD -500 **WARNING** about Floor/OneWay Loads/Weights. 4 0 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 9.5 0 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 17 1.0 DAMPING 0. 65. 54. 46.32. 8. 29 18 21 START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _VERTICAL 1 TO 12 _XBEAM 13 TO 20 _ZBEAM 21 TO 24 29 _BRACE 25 TO 28 END GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER PROPERTIES CANADIAN _VERTICAL TA ST W310X97 _XBEAM TA ST W250X39 _ZBEAM TA ST C200X17 _BRACE TA ST L152X152X13 UNIT KNS MMS CONSTANT E 200 ALL UNIT KGS METER CONSTANT DENSITY 7800 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 180 MEMB 21 22 SUPPORTS 1 5 9 13 PINNED CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 30 UNIT METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 ACCELERATION READ EQDATA. 9. 39. 19 7. 28 15 22. 43. 20 22 16 21 2 10.6 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 3 REPEAT 1 3 4 7 9 10 9 10 13 14 12 13 4 17. 22.6 7 0 . 17. 52. 7. 19. 42. 63. 6.8 7 0 .

75.693 1.110 56.81697 0.0 2 1.02191 0.63818 0. 84.220 4. 80.736 12.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1.559 5.228 15.470 54.18008 0.06034 0.939 66.02190 0.06036 0.06567 0.806 LOAD COMBINATION 11 (STATIC + POSITIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1.0 FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 6.880 12.01136 120 291 .0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.053 1.44201 0. 78.285 16.01513 0.972 56. 81.0 LOAD COMBINATION 12 (STATIC + NEGATIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1.17990 0.0 3 -1.02033 0.567 2.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 22/ 29/ 4 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 3. LOAD 3 DYNAMIC LOAD * MASSES SELFWEIGHT X 1.07764 0.281 5.23695 0.1 FLOAD 500 GY YRANGE 6.047 4.01782 0.224 1. 86.01782 0. 70.9 7. 74. 73.02034 0. 68.644 45.07759 0.370 1.Example Problem 29 67.102 87.553 5. 76.73010 0.1 FLOAD 500 GZ GROUND MOTION X 1 1 9.0 3 1.888 15.082 3.23360 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 30 54 30 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 3 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 0.01517 0.06542 0.567 16.667 49.9 7.01139 0.01819 0.574 45.01911 0. 83.1 FLOAD 500 GX YRANGE 6.48034 0.323 52.835 88.126 65.01906 0.32823 0.17433 0. 69.0 2 1.187 52.158 49. 71.9 7.

00 0.991 99.00 0.0500 0.977 99.731 99.00 0.00 0.0500 0.829 99.051 99.816 98.00 0.411 98.00 9.00 0.977 99.00 0.051 98.186 72.00 MODAL MODE DAMPING 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 0.0500 0.706 69.126 59.761 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.0500 0.00 0.059 99.991 99.00 0.0500 0.0500 0.706 69.05 0.0500 0.761 99.00 0.991 99.06 0.68 0.860 51.00 0.991 99.110 52.762 99.995 0.051 98.00 0.00 0.0500 0.0500 0.989 100.00 0.52 0.03 7.110 52.00 0.126 69.23 1.000 98.00 0.0500 0.731 99.00 0.051 98.000 0.48 0.00 0.00 0.731 99.0500 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.762 99.646 69.0500 0.000 0.00 51.860 51.186 72.000 0.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 2.453 99.00 0.38 98.000 51.0500 0.0500 0.059 99.00 0.379 85.Application Examples 292 Example Problem 29 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 A C T U A L X Y Z 0.977 99.0500 0.827 98.00 85.991 99.0500 0.977 99.01 0.051 98.25 0.01 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.01 0.051 98.00 0.186 72.00 0.706 72.059 99.000 D A M P I N G USED IN ANALYSIS .0500 0.00 0.051 98.0500 0.000 0.00 0.186 81.00 0.74 0.00 0.01 0.41 0.977 99.000 100.186 72.0500 0.646 69.00 0.0500 0.00 0.977 99.0500 0.00 0.991 99.977 99.00 0.39 0.00 0.991 99.00 0.110 52.00 0.000 0.Part I .977 99.051 98.860 52.977 99.00 0.00 0.0500 0.051 98.00 0.991 99.00 0.52 0.00 0.0500 0.0500 0.00 13.977 99.051 98.00 0.816 98.00 0.827 98.0500 0.0500 0.00 0.00 0.929 85.00 0.379 85.977 99.00 0.384 85.706 69.731 99.02 0.00 0.991 99.0500 0.816 98.0500 0.706 69.00 0.0500 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.86 0.110 59.977 99.000 100.0500 0.23 0.00 0.991 99.00 0.

0000 0.0023 -0.0211 8.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0050 -0.0136 -0.160 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 22435 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.0004 0.9947 -7.0000 0.0168 -0.0005 0.0184 0.0000 0.2871 -8.3559 7.0075 0.0001 0.0124 X-ROTAN 0.0475 -0.0016 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0002 -0.6673 7.0000 0.0159 -0.0001 0.0002 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0199 8.6810 7.3559 7.0001 0.0001 0.0106 -0.0000 0.0122 0.0005 0.0015 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0014 -0.0000 0.275646E-06 2.0000 0.0001 0.0242 -0.0000 0.0124 0.0004 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0004 0.445833 Z= 1.0001 0.0000 0.0122 0.Example Problem 29 TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.0001 -0.0438 9.0000 0.5307 5.0000 0.0139 0.0120 -0.0005 -0.0001 Z-ROTAN 0.0002 0.0136 -0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 X-TRANS 0.0256 0.0000 0.0242 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0067 -0.0891 -5.0000 0.0004 0.3672 -0.0097 -0.0002 -0.0000 0.0183 0.0000 0.0016 -0.0000 0.0016 -0.0011 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0283 -0.0000 0.0004 0.0140 -0.5469 5.0000 0.0000 0.0084 -0.0000 -0.0002 -0.0004 0.0000 0.0133 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0475 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.0001 -0.9724 -0.0106 -0.0000 -0.9447 -5.0000 0.0000 0.0153 0.0058 -0.0000 0.0005 -0.0000 0.0002 0.0000 -0.0021 -0.2871 -8.0015 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0015 -0.0050 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0005 -0.0015 -0.0000 -0.0283 -0.0000 0.0133 0.380556 87.0000 0.0665 0.0000 0.0000 0.0101 0.0000 0.0000 0.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 30 TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 31.0000 0.0000 0.249217E+03 5.0124 -0.0122 0.0082 0.0000 0.5307 5.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.3722 5.0022 -0.0001 -0.0000 0.0022 -0.0097 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0075 0.0004 0.0000 0.0025 -0.9732 -9.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.KGS MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= METE -9.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0124 0.0106 -0.0624 0.0124 -0.0000 0.802778 Y= -5.0000 0.0068 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0016 -0.0004 0.0001 -0.4133 5.0000 -0.0000 0.0075 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.2936 7.0159 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0136 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 -0.0124 0.0001 -0.0167 -0.0001 -0.0050 0.0000 0.0012 -0.0020 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0015 -0.0002 0.0000 Y-ROTAN 0.0002 0.0109 0.0000 0.0002 0.0000 0.0096 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0016 -0.0045 -0.0387 9.0002 0.0000 0.0891 -5.0045 -0.0117 0.0004 -0.0004 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0110 0.0000 -0.0077 -0.0079 -0.0076 0.9799 -9.0000 0.0000 0.0027 -0.0068 -0.0000 0.0109 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0201 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0184 0.0100 0.0167 -0.0066 0.0011 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0140 -0.0001 -0.0000 0.0068 -0.0013 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0159 -0.0134 0.0000 0.0078 -0.0029 -0.0001 0.0084 293 .0012 -0.4133 5.0000 0.6673 7.0011 -0.0056 0.0000 0.280383E+01 2.0000 0.0004 -0.9724 -0.0000 0.0151 0.0005 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0151 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0045 -0.0000 0.0026 -0.1491 0.

0000 0.0000 0.0080 -0.0134 0.0159 -0.0077 -0.0000 0.0039 0.0000 0.0000 0.0008 0.22 873.00 -18.0000 0.0122 0.0027 -0.0039 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 0.78 0.0000 -0.9607 -1.0000 0.0004 0.0000 0.14 1327.0001 0.0199 8.0000 0.0000 -0.0001 0.9615 -9.0000 -0.0000 0.9529 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0057 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 11 12 60.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0005 0.0000 -0.0004 0.14 7777.0000 0.0039 -0.0000 -0.0001 -0.9621 -9.0000 0.0009 0.Application Examples 294 Example Problem 29 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 X-TRANS -0.0000 -0.0025 -0.00 0.0438 9.0000 0.0039 0.0001 0.00 .0001 0.0004 0.0002 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0015 -0.90 3228.0000 0.0000 0.0101 -0.0055 8.0026 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0494 -0.0000 0.0002 -0.9947 -7.0289 -0.7331 0.0026 -0.0035 8.0136 -0.0630 -0.0952 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.3675 -1.00 0.0000 -0.43 0.00 0.0000 0.96 -19.0712 -1.0002 0.0001 0.0003 0.0494 -0.0083 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.3991 0.1491 0.0075 -0.0000 -0.4095 1.9458 -0.0000 0.0014 -0.0035 8.0025 -0.0002 0.0080 -0.0124 0.9611 -0.0000 0.0016 -0.3672 -0.0000 0.0001 -0.0004 0.9447 -5.0056 0.0438 9.0665 0.0000 -0.00 0.0106 -0.00 0.0000 0.0712 -1.0438 9.9568 -9.0068 -0.0055 8.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.8375 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KGS ----------------JOINT 1 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.0000 0.00 0.0009 0.0000 Z-ROTAN -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0025 -0.0388 9.0082 0.0387 9.9458 -0.0008 -0.0000 0.0035 8.0031 -0.0004 0.0000 0.74 0.0031 -0.0000 0.0002 -0.3675 -1.00 0.0021 -0.0002 -0.0000 -0.0086 0.0001 0.0000 0.0045 -0.0000 0.0005 0.0009 0.0000 0.0025 -0.5469 5.0016 -0.0630 -0.0000 0.0412 9.0388 9.0124 0.0009 0.0000 0.0029 -0.0029 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0025 -0.0027 -0.9529 -0.0008 0.0079 -0.0000 0.0002 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0038 0.0001 -0.0000 0.9621 -9.0000 0.0110 0.0083 0.0002 -0.0000 -0.0153 0.00 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0007 0.0100 0.0000 0.0000 0.3394 -1.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.60 -2294.0001 0.0000 0.0004 -0.0001 Y-ROTAN 0.0009 -0.0168 -0.0004 0.9732 -9.0007 0.0029 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0067 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0008 0.78 3562.0001 0.0000 0.0002 -0.0289 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0033 -0.0078 -0.0058 -0.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 -0.0066 -0.9607 -1.0000 0.0183 0.0211 8.0000 0.0000 0.73 -1360.0057 -0.0000 0.0033 -0.0503 -0.0256 0.0076 0.0503 RADIANS) Y-TRANS -0.0059 0.0000 0.00 0.Part I .0000 0.0009 METE X-ROTAN 0.0000 0.0261 -0.0096 -0.0013 -0.0000 0.0027 -0.0008 0.0001 -0.0412 9.0000 0.9615 -9.8375 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0261 -0.0038 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0449 -0.0117 0.0011 -0.00 0.0008 0.0000 -0.0120 -0.0000 0.0004 0.0000 0.0002 0.0000 -0.0000 0.9611 -0.0000 0.0201 0.3991 0.50 -3225.0000 0.0026 -0.4095 1.0000 0.0004 -0.9799 -9.6810 7.0001 0.0449 -0.0000 -0.0002 0.0952 -0.0059 0.55 989.0003 0.0001 0.0624 -0.0000 0.0086 0.0000 -0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0035 8.2936 7.0016 -0.3722 5.0000 0.0139 0.0023 -0.00 0.0020 -0.0002 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.3394 -1.78 -18.7331 0.0050 -0.9568 -9.

51 11299.00 -88.00 0.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 989.79 -4763.78 -0.01 0.93 -16933.00 65.78 -319.00 0.29 2785.96 -0.00 -18.47 117.78 18.90 3228.60 2329.73 -2294.58 0.00 0.88 -179.00 8154.00 0.78 18.00 123.00 69.81 0.52 123.04 4496.85 -5.00 0.00 -18.78 18.83 8591.00 0.23 -8.00 4763.52 -994.50 -3562.16 0.00 5 9 13 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.55 1330.52 -24.43 989.50 -3225.00 0.96 -0.22 60.62 -111.20 -124.00 0.88 -3263.00 0.90 -3228.53 5.71 1396.23 -0.61 122.78 -653.57 11556.73 1360.78 0.97 2831.14 1327.72 0.20 2 3 11 12 2 1 2 3 11 12 3 1 2 3 11 12 4 1 2 3 11 12 60.60 873.71 1396.00 0.00 0.17 -118.34 1330.00 0.26 -7243.00 18.26 7416.00 0.00 65.18 3057.01 0.08 5.60 2195.00 117.60 -873.61 0.00 0.55 0.22 -873.15 965.14 3225.96 -19.14 3562.09 -5626.93 3562.00 -11299.00 0.54 11983.00 -3.17 118.96 19.00 0.00 18.00 11422.00 0.95 -6110.96 -19.00 0.88 -3263.34 -7438.00 0.00 0.72 0.00 0.96 -19.00 0.74 19.83 -8591.78 0.23 0.47 -117.00 -3.00 210.86 -1.17 -118.88 3263.95 -6435.74 0.83 -323.50 -3225.00 0.15 7.74 0.50 3221.00 0.61 -4630.06 1396.78 -18.00 0.50 3221.00 0.71 -2195.91 7774.52 989.00 0.14 7777.01 -0.34 1330.00 0.73 -1360.22 873.00 0.88 -3129.22 -0.33 0.00 0.00 -18.74 19.50 -88.22 60.62 0.88 -1261.04 6354.00 -210.52 298.00 0.08 0.00 0.17 0.96 19.00 0.52 0.00 0.78 -18.06 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 187.23 -0.00 -4886.08 6273.88 -2329.09 0.15 3225.06 989.55 3228.86 112.31 -112.00 0.78 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.64 -60.91 -3221.50 -3562.00 0.00 -3057.51 6599.Example Problem 29 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KGS ----------------JOINT METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 -60.93 3562.00 0.10 -8031.00 0.50 210.22 -873.67 -11556.91 7774.93 -654.00 0.50 -3225.90 -1360.93 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 628.67 237.45 -7224.00 0.78 0.00 0.43 -7441.00 0.51 -6354.74 0.00 0.00 0.32 -2341.14 1327.31 0.71 1261.73 0.00 65.53 3129.34 -0.60 -2329.73 0.85 111.22 0.91 7774.00 0.99 5626.47 -117.00 0.00 0.97 0.00 0.00 0.22 -60.90 0.14 -2586.78 18.00 69.90 -12019.00 0.52 56.56 -60.00 0.78 -0.00 0.61 0.16 7034.60 2294.60 -2294.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 295 .78 18.34 0.14 -991.36 0.00 0.36 0.00 0.22 -873.00 0.00 0.22 -873.00 118.78 18.00 0.60 -2329.83 -323.00 -0.78 3562.00 0.01 -0.00 8031.35 7777.00 0.33 0.71 -3263.00 0.50 -3562.71 -1396.34 1.69 -79.29 -2785.39 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 989.00 0.78 -18.54 0.55 -60.51 16813.00 3057.00 0.22 873.04 -56.47 -0.20 -124.91 3562.00 65.60 -455.60 873.86 -5.00 0.00 0.73 0.00 0.35 -122.00 0.74 0.97 179.06 60.34 0.78 0.00 0.15 -311.00 0.95 -793.67 -11.00 0.99 3562.74 0.50 3221.

16 7034.96 19.00 0.23 -4487.00 123.34 0.13 118.65 7422.52 123.33 0.00 0.22 60.20 4886.19 -124.02 -2674.50 -3562.95 -793.19 5.49 -5836.Application Examples 296 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.71 1261.67 -11.00 0.78 319.43 1296.00 -0.00 -65.62 111.10 -8031.50 210.14 3225.86 1.97 0.00 8154.26 -7243.33 -122.45 -210.81 -3221.43 -7441.15 7.01 -0.80 261.74 -19.74 -19.17 -0.54 11983.00 3057.83 -8591.34 -0.15 3225.22 -873.99 3562.47 -117.61 -4630.00 0.36 -175.22 873.94 6492.73 1360.90 -12019.19 -124.01 0.95 -6435.90 -1360.62 0.52 56.36 969.06 3562.20 124.60 873.00 0.00 -65.00 0.60 2230.00 0.00 8753.50 -3225.62 0.93 10 11 10 11 10 11 10 11 10 11 628.96 0.59 5836.04 -56.14 3562.00 0.22 -873.27 175.19 -6329.94 5730.00 -65.78 -319.60 -873.60 -455.67 237.86 -1.31 0.47 117.36 0.00 0.61 0.00 0.97 17118.60 -873.00 -88.00 117.61 0.50 88.22 0.00 0.86 5.69 79.25 3164.16 0.23 8.88 -1261.00 -0.00 -117.34 -1.01 0.23 2741.00 0.91 0.00 3.14 1327.72 0.00 8031.83 8591.23 0.81 7413.18 3057.00 -69.33 -0.31 112.36 0.31 0.00 -118.74 0.52 298.23 -2741.Part I .00 0.35 122.93 -11422.47 117.34 -0.00 0.08 0.00 88.51 16813.22 60.14 -991.84 -323.00 0.67 11.50 -3562.35 -16991.22 873.95 -6110.00 0.00 -210.22 -0.17 118.29 2785.78 -653.34 -7438.61 122.32 0.22 0.00 0.00 -3057.57 11556.96 0.00 -69.00 -8753.86 -112.88 3263.06 1396.55 3228.01 0.00 0.50 3221.46 -117.00 0.17 -118.53 3129.00 0.46 117.51 11299.14 -2586.00 0.85 111.78 0.00 -4886.00 0.52 -994.64 -60.08 -5.00 0.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 5 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 628.50 3221.97 2831.32 -2341.23 -0.00 0.00 0.22 0.08 -1296.13 -118.58 -6030.00 0.50 -3225.69 -79.71 -2195.46 0.57 6030.85 5.78 0.06 .80 -38.39 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 989.83 323.45 -7224.51 11670.85 -5.26 7416.17 118.01 -0.00 0.62 -173.00 0.53 -5.01 0.21 0.35 7777.00 210.01 -0.22 0.84 -323.00 18.04 6354.00 4763.00 0.58 12168.86 112.51 -6354.58 -261.41 -11670.43 5.13 -118.09 -5626.61 4630.00 0.76 0.91 3562.31 -0.81 0.56 -60.22 -60.00 11422.55 -0.00 18.00 0.18 -3057.25 -2230.78 2499.13 -0.09 0.27 -2849.00 0.71 -1396.71 -3263.73 0.20 60.78 18.88 -179.00 -65.20 -7219.96 19.90 -3228.20 124.90 0.60 2294.10 -8154.32 -0.00 -123.32 -0.15 965.15 311.08 6273.58 0.61 -122.78 0.60 2195.00 0.62 -111.01 -0.83 323.22 -60.91 7774.57 -5567.23 0.51 6599.93 -16933.66 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 201.00 0.55 1330.29 -2785.52 -296.00 118.27 -112.50 -3562.00 0.54 0.79 -4763.44 -796.00 3.60 2329.06 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 187.99 5626.78 -18.78 -18.06 -7240.78 18.75 60.85 -111.78 -18.74 0.88 -2329.97 179.27 0.75 -456.00 0.78 0.00 0.86 -5.32 1.93 -654.22 -8.47 0.52 -123.04 4496.21 0.72 0.06 2 3 11 12 6 1 2 3 11 12 7 1 2 3 11 12 8 1 2 3 11 12 9 1 2 3 11 12 10 1 2 3 11 12 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 989.91 -3221.60 873.08 -3164.67 -11556.00 0.78 -18.73 0.00 0.50 -3562.88 -3129.52 -24.46 -117.45 -88.00 -11299.73 -0.16 -311.00 0.07 -12207.73 -2294.62 -2.

84 323.57 0.71 -0.03 0.67 -0.18 3344.49 -5836.52 0.78 2649.67 -1.58 2.00 0.00 -0.95 121.20 18 -226.04 12.00 -8753.52 -296.51 69.24 -0.61 4630.20 7717.66 15 16 15 16 15 16 15 16 15 16 201.78 126.00 0.20 1198.01 0.43 282.43 -1585.58 19 -9298.22 -5.27 1.00 0.60 651.00 8753.39 -10064.25 -2230.38 -6030.97 2337.32 0.57 -0.60 19 -175.17 2090.04 8644.58 12168.55 2849.01 0.24 -7.01 0.67 0.06 297 .03 -0.42 -2860.23 -2741.00 0.44 -3810.80 261.68 0.09 -0.43 1296.47 -6354.23 -4487.33 122.60 18 -873.31 0.76 1.79 1.68 -0.04 17 2785.08 0.08 0.60 173.22 8.00 -118.80 -38.32 -0.04 4 9119.44 17 12084.01 -1.08 -1296.45 88.41 -11670.49 -1095.79 -1.70 0.26 0.45 18 -1641.01 0.35 -16991.80 19 -2741.94 6492.00 1.69 79.01 0.27 -2849.97 17118.85 -111.62 18 707.00 0.62 0.97 19 -12216.94 5730.67 1.60 2341.89 2860.32 -1.23 -2090.54 0.25 0.68 0.86 -112.25 3164.45 -0.19 124.64 0.22 873.05 -237.71 0.98 0.46 117.00 88.00 0.00 0.75 -4991.61 1585.93 -11422.00 2137.03 2586.85 5.44 2212.28 1.46 -117.03 0.06 -7240.01 -0.58 8 2741.19 -6318.46 -0.60 17 -707.51 -2831.00 0.86 5.01 0.64 -1.06 2 3 11 12 12 1 2 3 11 12 13 1 2 3 11 12 14 1 2 3 11 12 15 1 2 3 11 12 16 1 2 3 11 12 4 -179.22 -60.81 -3221.02 2898.16 311.19 -2499.01 -0.67 138.19 -6329.97 8 9298.62 -173.04 -56.01 -0.54 0.43 -9678.23 965.00 0.68 -0.19 124.28 -981.65 -7775.78 2499.00 0.61 -122.61 -651.13 118.20 -52.51 11670.43 -5.27 -0.44 17 60.01 0.87 4 6155.26 -1.84 323.00 0.02 -2674.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.54 0.00 0.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 11 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 14 15 14 15 14 15 14 15 14 15 628.00 -3344.30 4 -12084.51 7638.08 0.00 0.01 0.00 -0.23 2741.03 1.03 -1.08 -0.62 111.91 0.00 0.26 -0.08 0.78 -4806.00 0.27 0.18 -3057.32 0.01 -0.01 -0.19 -5.36 -175.67 11.00 0.08 -3164.86 0.00 0.58 -261.75 -456.57 6030.00 0.22 -282.89 -19.50 3221.08 0.00 -1.45 8851.00 0.13 0.01 -0.00 0.87 17 -9119.22 17 873.13 -118.06 3562.00 0.62 -0.00 -1.00 -0.00 0.00 0.28 1.45 -210.01 0.18 -1004.27 112.59 5836.08 -0.01 0.77 -301.31 0.75 60.00 0.46 117.52 17 179.01 -0.50 -3354.00 -0.24 0.59 60.09 0.27 6030.53 385.01 -0.59 8 -6381.22 -0.00 0.76 0.74 5683.20 -7219.00 0.76 0.62 17 226.35 9791.35 19 6381.27 175.71 0.79 -0.08 -0.01 -0.08 -450.00 0.21 -0.01 0.28 -9748.79 1.47 5847.52 -123.44 -796.03 -0.30 17 -6155.26 0.69 66.07 -12207.22 -0.50 -675.00 -0.90 -1157.37 2674.22 18 -60.09 -0.09 -0.00 0.36 969.34 -2337.00 -0.44 3354.50 -3562.60 -873.80 8 175.91 -10712.00 0.22 0.65 7422.57 5741.00 -0.88 1163.26 -138.13 118.07 8783.20 4886.52 4 -2785.58 -6030.78 319.81 7413.71 6354.01 0.71 0.24 0.01 0.17 -6861.60 -873.00 -123.22 -60.24 -0.59 -506.01 -0.24 -0.27 -0.38 7254.86 1.20 17 1641.57 -4038.47 -385.67 -1.70 0.04 18 19 18 19 18 19 18 19 18 19 60.26 42.60 2230.21 0.01 0.00 -117.01 0.35 8 12216.43 -8482.21 1293.10 -8154.39 5613.67 0.00 0.62 -2.57 -5567.22 873.91 11014.

01 0.00 0.39 -25.35 9791.78 2649.67 1.49 -1095.29 12 -12084.32 -112.20 -52.04 8644.39 -562.26 42.24 66.60 -873.00 0.09 0.90 -1157.24 0.54 -0.01 -0.22 0.00 1.26 0.27 6030.39 -25.00 0.00 -0.35 16 12216.08 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.60 323.00 0.00 -0.00 -0.44 3354.00 0.00 0.48 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 12 5.79 -0.89 2860.01 0.00 2137.00 0.08 0.00 0.39 0.19 -2499.01 -0.21 1641.24 0.76 -1.00 0.60 22 -175.00 0.42 -2860.67 0.96 136.03 -1.57 5741.23 -12.47 5847.00 0.52 -0.68 0.89 0.00 0.00 0.61 1585.75 -4991.77 -301.50 -3354.24 0.00 0.58 2.60 -323.43 20 12084.25 0.01 -0.00 0.00 0.64 1.00 0.86 20 -9119.00 0.00 0.48 -22.01 0.26 1.39 5613.00 0.00 0.91 11014.28 -1.00 0.00 0.05 0.58 22 -9298.00 0.00 -0.51 69.44 126.95 -25.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.79 -1.06 2 10 2 10 2 10 2 10 2 10 -4.88 1163.00 0.62 0.69 20 21 20 21 20 21 20 21 20 21 60.67 -1.01 -0.01 1.35 22 6381.79 1.23 -0.47 -6354.26 0.90 4.09 -0.00 0.23 -2090.86 0.57 0.60 2341.71 -0.89 -587.01 0.08 -0.29 20 -6155.21 1293.67 138.00 -0.01 -0.00 0.01 0.47 -385.27 -1.00 -0.26 -138.52 20 179.03 0.01 0.22 -5.00 0.00 0.80 16 175.22 -60.00 0.28 -9748.01 -0.39 -25.04 -56.37 2674.22 873.97 2337.03 -0.04 21 22 21 22 21 22 21 22 21 22 60.60 651.04 12 9119.18 3344.52 12 -2785.06 -0.00 0.00 0.59 16 -6381.00 0.38 7254.00 0.Part I .01 -0.04 20 2785.00 0.60 173.00 0.01 -0.78 -4806.80 22 -2741.00 0.00 -1.00 0.00 0.32 0.20 1198.39 -25.04 12.62 11.00 0.50 -562.06 0.00 0.00 -587.51 -2831.64 0.22 -10.39 0.18 -118.08 -450.00 0.22 873.18 -118.00 -323.57 -7.43 -0.09 0.90 -132.38 -6030.44 -3810.54 0.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 17 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 18 1 2 3 11 12 19 1 2 3 11 12 20 1 2 3 11 12 21 1 2 3 11 12 22 1 2 3 11 12 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 12 -179.86 -5.23 0.22 12.60 .05 -237.00 0.34 -2337.71 0.89 -587.45 8851.44 -1641.00 -3344.23 -0.03 -0.54 -0.06 0.26 -0.00 0.50 0.00 0.68 0.74 5683.62 226.91 -10712.48 22.21 -226.76 0.71 0.97 22 -12216.51 7638.01 -0.00 0.00 0.68 -0.00 118.67 0.00 0.00 0.43 -1585.98 -0.86 112.79 -1.26 10.60 -873.00 -22.39 -10064.99 311.23 965.00 0.62 707.01 -0.01 0.00 0.86 12 6155.00 0.06 -0.00 0.03 2586.39 -25.27 0.06 -0.00 0.01 0.70 -0.00 -0.00 0.78 0.43 282.00 0.71 6354.00 0.20 7717.00 0.00 0.61 -651.08 0.62 -311.18 118.22 -282.22 -0.19 -6318.00 0.Application Examples 298 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.01 -0.71 -0.05 132.60 323.67 -0.07 8783.17 -6861.09 0.24 0.44 2212.89 -587.89 -19.96 -136.57 -4038.08 0.53 385.26 0.60 -707.08 -0.48 22.97 16 9298.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.95 121.28 -981.01 0.99 0.18 -1004.70 0.03 1.50 -675.00 -136.00 0.55 2849.58 16 2741.00 0.95 136.06 -11.08 -0.01 0.00 0.43 -9678.00 0.28 -1.43 -8482.01 0.59 60.18 -25.00 0.00 0.00 -25.27 0.68 0.65 -7775.02 2898.22 -60.17 2090.67 1.24 -0.03 0.59 -506.

52 22 -19473.61 133.00 0.02 0.95 -895.66 -366.17 19 9089.00 0.28 -112.69 0.00 0.00 0.22 -393.00 0.88 2.79 -2.00 0.00 -0.00 0.76 896.10 -0.99 -311.46 15 14281.06 -0.52 19 -19473.47 -22.00 0.91 136.94 35.00 25.90 4.00 0.01 -0.00 0.42 2 3 11 12 24 1 2 3 11 12 25 1 2 3 11 12 26 1 2 3 11 12 27 1 2 3 11 12 28 1 2 3 11 12 299 .71 -0.66 7 4895.33 11 -14349.68 -949.66 0.88 -2.10 0.10 -0.00 118.00 0.00 -0.70 -391.00 -0.39 25.94 11 -8924.47 0.67 0.17 22 9089.00 0.14 -118.10 0.67 0.68 203.00 0.01 132.87 448.33 20 8973.02 -0.00 -0.02 -0.72 19 -296.95 -36.10 0.14 25.10 0.88 2.00 0.87 -38.55 -9.10 -0.39 25.18 21.52 -0.75 -309.23 32.71 0.00 0.00 0.12 366.39 25.22 10.34 22 -14281.42 11 358.14 118.22 -0.10 -0.48 15 345.95 376.10 0.62 -11.00 0.00 -0.94 3 -8924.93 190.72 22 -296.50 562.38 118.39 0.00 0.05 -0.12 366.55 -9.95 376.00 0.39 25.10 -0.33 17 -5067.62 21.00 0.52 22.00 0.89 587.67 -0.05 0.81 -2.67 0.00 0.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.34 7 19522.97 869.10 0.00 0.69 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.71 0.91 136.61 323.76 896.01 0.67 -0.39 -0.87 448.10 0.71 0.68 -949.02 0.69 -0.05 0.95 -36.86 -5.57 -376.10 -0.94 20 14349.00 0.94 17 14349.77 36.00 0.62 21.61 -323.66 -49.00 323.00 0.21 11 5067.93 190.01 -0.22 -0.00 0.47 22.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 -0.90 -132.00 0.89 587.87 -38.28 0.00 0.00 0.47 0.21 844.01 0.10 0.22 -12.22 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.34 19 -14281.10 0.10 0.95 -895.33 20 -5067.39 0.00 0.99 0.21 3 5067.76 142.50 0.67 -0.33 3 -14349.18 21.97 869.61 133.05 126.67 0.00 0.10 0.43 -41.48 -15.01 0.21 844.02 -10.66 0.79 2.44 361.00 0.52 0.48 30.00 0.71 -0.00 0.62 0.39 0.00 0.00 -0.33 17 8973.00 0.22 12.58 0.00 0.38 -0.86 -2.38 118.66 0.27 17 -309.00 0.61 3 358.58 0.06 0.66 -0.00 0.10 -0.00 0.08 -920.68 203.57 443.00 -0.94 35.01 -0.10 0.47 -22.00 0.01 -0.86 2.00 0.14 -118.54 17 -19726.00 0.43 22.40 49.00 0.06 -0.46 7 14281.00 587.89 587.01 -0.52 22.71 0.00 0.00 0.91 25.48 30.81 -2.77 36.10 -0.00 0.01 0.05 126.10 -0.76 142.39 11 19775.06 11.03 338.06 0.05 -0.10 0.40 3 19775.00 0.69 0.00 0.61 -323.01 0.21 0.66 -49.00 0.40 49.48 7 345.46 19 -4895.54 20 -19726.00 -136.00 0.00 0.89 0.57 443.34 15 19522.00 -0.44 361.02 -10.00 0.08 -920.00 0.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 23 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 6 14 6 14 6 14 6 14 6 14 -4.91 -136.12 -284.26 0.75 -309.39 562.00 0.03 338.67 0.43 22.10 0.10 -0.00 0.39 25.57 -376.26 -10.00 0.00 0.21 -0.00 0.66 -366.00 0.00 0.81 2.00 22.71 0.00 0.01 0.27 20 -309.00 0.88 -2.86 112.71 -0.70 -391.81 2.23 32.38 0.00 0.00 0.46 15 -9040.48 -15.22 -393.66 15 4895.00 0.46 7 -9040.00 0.47 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 5.06 -0.12 -284.62 311.00 0.46 22 -4895.43 -41.

00 0.00 0.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 0.02 25.00 0.39 1150.9. 91.00 0.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.452 164.63 SECTIONS) 0.00 -0.50 12 1. 92.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.40 -3.00 0.3B -1.8. 90.00 0.00 0.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.(CAN/CSA-S16-01 ) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 11 3.8.40 0.319 -112.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.04 C PASS 59.89 SECTIONS) 0.87 SECTIONS) 0.00 0.00 0.02 SECTIONS) 0.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 11 3.00 C PASS 54.00 0.00 0.46 2 3 11 12 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 89.454 -166.39 25.00 0.00 0.92 T PASS 72.8.00 0.PRO CODE CHECKING .46 -3.80 11 0.A 1.00 0.9.316 110.00 0.Application Examples 300 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.39 1150.39 1125.00 0.3B 0.463 -167.3B -0.00 0.A -1.3B -0.00 0.95 C PASS 71.39 0.60 T 7 ST W310X97 PASS 72.00 .00 C PASS 54.00 0.00 0.8.80 11 0.46 3.316 110.00 0.00 0.8.87 SECTIONS) 0.02 0.KNS MEMBER MET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST TABLE W310X97 PASS 72.454 -166.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.458 166.00 -0.3B 1.39 1150.06 -0.3B 1.00 0.21 SECTIONS) 0.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 0.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 29 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 18 21 18 21 18 21 18 21 18 21 0.00 0.02 0.463 -167.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.02 0.50 12 1.81 SECTIONS) 0.80 12 0.00 0.9.89 SECTIONS) 0.95 C PASS 71.00 0.00 12 3.00 1150.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.50 11 1.Part I .00 0.02 SECTIONS) 0.8.319 -112.00 3.A -1.8.46 -3.00 1125.00 0.452 164.98 C 2 ST W310X97 3 ST W310X97 4 ST W310X97 5 ST W310X97 6 ST W310X97 PASS 71.60 T (CANADIAN CSA-13.02 0.A 1.06 SECTIONS) 0.06 3.04 C 9 ST W310X97 10 ST W310X97 11 ST W310X97 12 ST W310X97 PASS 59.8.81 SECTIONS) 0.06 SECTIONS) 0.9.98 C 8 ST W310X97 PASS 71.92 T PASS 72.00 0.458 166.3B 0.63 12 3. LOAD LIST 11 12 PARAMETER CODE CANADA CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.02 -0.00 0.3B -1.80 12 0.50 11 1.00 0.00 0.

000 0.8.009 0.831 0.00 108.80 T 21 ST C200X17 PASS 1.8.01 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.00 -0.02 96.16 C L152X152X13 FAIL 0.51 T PASS 16.000 0.00 0.00 11 1.02 98.00 0.00 3.70 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.00 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CLASS 4 SECT 2.00 11 3.000 0.9.22 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.786 -0.2+ 0.9.145 0.00 0.A 0.17 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CLASS 4 SECT 2.3C 0.05 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.05 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.8.499 0.3C 0.00 108.2+ 0.00 11 0.00 11 0.02 98.80 T PASS 118.A 0.34 T 22 ST C200X17 PASS 1.10 C PASS 15.10 C 15 ST W250X39 PASS 15.00 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CLASS 4 SECT 2.9.00 -11.00 L152X152X13 FAIL 0.00 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CLASS 4 SECT 2.804 -0.55 C 16 ST W250X39 17 ST W250X39 18 ST W250X39 19 ST W250X39 20 ST W250X39 PASS 119.70 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.9.00 105.8.51 T 14 ST W250X39 PASS 16.80 12 0.17 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.16 C 23 ST C200X17 24 ST C200X17 PASS 1.00 11 0.01 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.A 0.80 12 0.145 0.02 96.34 T * 25 ST * 26 ST * 27 ST * 28 ST 29 ST PASS 1.786 0.831 0.50 301 .8.9.831 0.8.00 11 0.000 0.22 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.009 0.831 0.00 C (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.00 0.A 0.8.2+ 0.KNS MET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 13 ST W250X39 PASS 118.00 L152X152X13 FAIL 0.00 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.3C 0.A 0.00 105.55 C PASS 119.2+ 0.Example Problem 29 ALL UNITS ARE .02 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.00 C200X17 PASS 0.00 0.00 11 0.9.19 12 1.00 11 3.804 0.00 12 1.02 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.00 -3.00 11 0.00 L152X152X13 FAIL 0.A 0.

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Example Problem 29 NOTES 303 .

304 NOTES .

PART – II VERIFICATION PROBLEMS .

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problem 3. 1956. S.. Inc.77 8.. 3rd edition. PROBLEM: Determine the horizontal reaction at support 4 of the system. Van Nostrand Co.1 Verification Problem No. D.” Part 1. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. “Strength of Materials.. COMPARISON: Support Reaction. 1 OBJECTIVE: To find the support reactions due to a joint load in a plane truss. Kips Solution Theory STAAD Difference R4 8.77 None . page 346.

3. 0. 1 4 PINNED LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD . . 8. 10.77 5. 1 * * REFERENCE `STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S.00 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 5/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 15.0 . 4 2 4 . 0. 13.00 0. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO. 2 5 PRIS AX 3. THE ANSWER IS REACTION = 0.0 . 20.00 0. MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 .Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 0. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT . 5. 11. 4 300. 100.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. 12. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 4 21. 14.00 5.00 0. 18.Part II – Verification Problems 2 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 6. 7. Intl. * THEREFORE IF P=10. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 4 INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 8. 3 2 3 . 9. 4. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 2 FY -10. 17. 19. 3 PRIS AX 2 CONSTANT E 30000. . 2.77 * UNITS INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0.00 0. 50. 2 150. FINISH .00 0. 5 3 4 MEMB PROP 1 4 PRIS AX 5. 3 150. 2 1 3 . 3.877P. REACTION = 8. . 16. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.77 -8.

0 ksi A = 7.3 Verification Problem No.533 0. 2 OBJECTIVE: To find the period of free vibration for a beam supported on two springs with a point mass. problem 1. D. Neglecting the distributed mass of the beam. 4th edition.. PROBLEM: A simple beam is supported by two spring as shown in the figure. page 11.1-3. sec 0.0 ft. W. Young.0 lb/in.. K = 300.533 None .” John Wiley & Sons. S. REFERENCE: Timoshenko.0 ft B = 3. Y W = 1000 lbs 1 L 1 K 2 A GIVEN: 2 X K B EI = 30000. “Vibration Problems in Engineering.. and Weaver. 1974. calculate the period of free vibration of the beam subjected to a load of W. COMPARISON: Solution Theory STAAD Difference 3 Period.

53317 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 22. 10. CONSTANT E 30E6 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 1 LOADING 1 1000 LB LOAD AT JOINT 2 JOINT LOAD . 1 2 PRIS AX 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 1 1 1 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 1. 0. (4TH EDITION. 2 FY -1000. FINISH X Y 0. 0. 6. 1 0. Intl.Part II – Verification Problems 4 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 11. 7. MODAL CALCULATION PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 3/ 2/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.. 16. 20.WEAVER. 3 10. 0. 15.876 CPS * UNIT POUND FEET JOINT COORD . 17. .00 0.876 0.00 Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0. 3. 1 1 2 2 UNIT INCH SUPPORT 1 3 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 300. IZ 1. MEMB PROP . 13. 19.1-3) * THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK IS T = 0.YOUNG. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 2 * * REFERENCE 'VIBRATION PROBLEMS IN ENGINEERING' BY * TIMOSHENKO. PROB 1.533 SEC. 12. 21.. MEMB INCI . F = 1. PAGE 11.000 7 .00100. 4.000 0. 2. . 9. 8.000 100. 14. VIZ. 18. 5. 2 7.

3 TYPE: Deflection and moments for plate-bending finite element. PROBLEM: A simple cantilever plate is divided into 12 4-noded finite elements. Uniform pressure= 5N/sq.mm . A uniform pressure load is applied and the maximum deflection at the tip of the cantilever and the maximum bending at the support are calculated. GIVEN: Plate thickness = 25mm. REFERENCE: Simple hand calculation by considering the entire structure as a cantilever beam.5 Verification Problem No.

Part II – Verification Problems 6 HAND CALCULATION: 3 Max. where 3 3 10 WL =(5x300x100) x (300) = 405x10 3 3 8EI=8x(210x10 N/sq.50 kNm 22.5x10 N.mm = 22.mm)x(100x25 /12) 7 = 21875x10 Deflection = 18.5KN. 18.51mm Max.51 mm 18. moment = WL/2 = (5x300x100)x300/2 6 = 22.50 kNm . Defl.20 mm Max Moment 22. deflection = WL /8EI.m SOLUTION COMPARISON: Hand calculation STAAD Max.

0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22.00 0. UNIFORM LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 12 PRESSURE 5.47 0. 2.0 CONSTANT E 210.00 0.0813 Z-ROTAN 0.8159 X-ROTAN 0. PRINT DISPLACEMENT LIST 14 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 14 1 X-TRANS 0. 10. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 20.0000 Y-ROTAN -0.0000 1. 6. 3.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24.00 -18. 12. 5.19 -18. FINISH . 14. UNIT KN METER 23. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT VERIFICATION UNIT MM KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 7 300 0 0 REPEAT 2 0 50 0 ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 2 9 8 TO 6 REPEAT 1 6 7 ELEMENT PROP 1 TO 12 THICK 25.7 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.00 1.0000 RADIANS) Y-TRANS STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0. 13. 8.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 21/ 12/ 3 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 11.MM. 18.00 0. 19.54 5. 9.00 0. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT LOAD 1 8 15 1 1 1 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 0.47 11.00 0. 16. 17.56 5.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 8 15 FIXED UNIT NEWTON LOAD 1 5N/SQ. 15. 7. Intl.91 -112. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 108 21.54 0.00 0. 4.91 -1.

Part II – Verification Problems 8 NOTES .

9 Verification Problem No.. Van Nostrand Co. problem 2. 1956.. 3rd edition.” Part 1.5 1..5 None . D. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. S. page 346. COMPARISON: Reaction. 4 OBJECTIVE: To find the support reactions due to a load at the free end of a cantilever plane bent with an intermediate support. PROBLEM: Determine the reaction of the system as shown in the figure. Inc. “Strength of Materials. Kip Solution Theory STAAD Differenc e RX 1.

00 0. 1 2 3 PRIS AX 10. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 8 21. 16. MEMB INCI 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP . STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 7. THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK AFTER * RECALCULATION = 1. . 2 FIXED BUT FY MZ LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD .00 0. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO. 17. ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 FIXED . 13. 6. 4. 12. 10. 0. 2 0. 10.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. IZ 100. 2.5 * UNIT INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. 9.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 4 * * REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S.Part II – Verification Problems 10 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 20.00 0.50 -1. 5. 3 0.00 0.00 0. CONSTANT E 3000. 8. 14.50 1. . 19.00 0. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1.00 -5. 15. 4 FY -1.00 0. 20. FINI . . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 4 10. 2. 3. 18. Intl. PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 11. 20.00 0.

” Part. Difference None * The value is recalculated. page 97. PROBLEM: Determine the maximum stress in a locomotive axle (as shown in the figure) as well as the deflection at the middle of the axle. D.01040 0.* STAAD 3575.11 Verification Problem No. 2. S. 1956. problems 1. in Solution σ Theory 3575.01037 None . REFERENCE: Timoshenko. E = 30E6 psi COMPARISON: Stress (σ). psi. δ 0. 5 OBJECTIVE: To find deflections and stress at the center of a locomotive axle. Van Nostrand Co.. 3rd edition.“Strength of Materials.1. Y P P X 13. and Deflection (δ)..5 in GIVEN: 59 in 13..5 in Diameter = 10 in. P = 26000 lb.

104 INCH FOR MAX. . 1 5 FY -26000.0 0. * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0.0 0. 10.3 441.0 3575.0 0.0 1.0 0. 6. MEMB INCI . 5. 3.0 3575.0 0. ID 0. 11.Part II – Verification Problems 12 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 4.3 0. 2.00 0. PRINT MEMBER STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 LD 1 SECT . 12.0 0.0 BEND-Y 0.0 1. 2 13.0 0. DEFLECTION.0 3575. 14.0 0. 0. 7. . 0.0 0.0 0.5 0. CONSTANT E 30E6 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .0 1. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** .00 0.4 441. 3 43. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 97 PROBLEM NO.0 0. 5 86.0 BEND-Z 0. 1 AND 2. 13.0 3 1 . 5 * * REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. 2 4 PINNED LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD .00 0. 17. 1 TO 4 TABLE ST PIPE OD 10.0 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.5 0. Intl.0 0.4 441.3 3575. 16.3 3575.0 0.3 3575.0 4 1 . .0 1. 4 72.0 3575.0 0.0 0. 15.4 0. ANSWERS ARE 3580 FOR MAX. 9.0 2 1 .3 0.0 0.3 3575. 8.0 3575.3 3575.3 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 11 19. 18.0 3575.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.3 0.3 3575.4 0.3 0.0 0. . STRESS * AND 0. 0. 1 1 2 4 MEMB PROP .0 0.0 441.00 AXIAL 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 5/ 4/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.

00000 0.00000 Y-TRANS -0.00000 0.00000 0.00086 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 X-ROTAN 0.01037 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.13 20.00000 Y-ROTAN 0. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 LOAD 1 1 1 1 1 X-TRANS 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.00070 0. FINISH Z-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00086 .00000 0.00070 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 21.01138 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0.01138 0.00000 0.

Part II – Verification Problems 14 NOTES .

1975. 6 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to a uniform load on the horizontal member in a 1x1 bay plane frame. page 383.. COMPARISON: Moment. Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 44.44 Small . PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the frame. E and I same for all members.5. example 22 . 3rd edition.” Intext Educational Publishers. C. J. REFERENCE: McCormack. “Structural Analysis.15 Verification Problem No.40 44.

33 20. 14. 2 0.33 -3. 10.33 0.00 0. FINISH . MEMB INCI . 17.00 0.00 0.00 44. 3.00 0.0 PERFORM ANAL P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 6.21 -44.00 0.00 0. 8. 1 2 3 PRIS AX 1.00 0.00 0. 2. 3 20. Intl.00 -22.44 22.KIP FEET (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 20.00 0. MEMB LOAD .00 0.44 -44. 0. 6 * * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK C.Part II – Verification Problems 16 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.00 0. 15.21 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 19. MCCORMACK. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.4 FT-KIP * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. 12. 5. 11. 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP .00 0. 2 UNI Y -2. . . 1 4 FIXED LOADING 1 . 20.00 0.00 0. 4 20.00 -20.05 CONSTANT E 4132E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT . 13.33 3. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00 -20.00 20.00 -3. 7. IZ 0. 16.00 0. 0. 9. PLANE FRAME WITH NO SIDESWAY * ANSWER .00 44. .Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 6 18.00 3.MAX BENDING = 44.00 0.44 3 1 3 4 20.44 2 1 2 3 3. * PAGE 383 EXAMPLE 22-5. 4.33 0.33 -3. 20.

2. 3rd edition.” Intext Educational Publishers.. C. 1975. AX 7-8 =1. “Structural Analysis. in. PROBLEM: Determine the vertical deflection at point 5 of the plane truss structure shown in the figure. J.63 2. E = 30E3 ksi COMPARISON: Deflection. GIVEN: AX 1-4 = 1 in2. AX 12-13 = 4 in2. 7 OBJECTIVE: To find the joint deflection due to joint loads in a plane truss.63 None .5 in2. page 271. AX 9-11 = 3 in2.17 Verification Problem No. REFERENCE: McCormack. Solution Theory STAAD Difference δ5 2. example 18 . AX 5-6 = 2 in2.

PAGE * 271 EXAMPLE 18-2. 15. . 25. 12 6 7 13 UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 TO 4 PRI AX 1.24000 -0.89516 -2.00000 0. 10.5 .00000 -0. 7 * * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK MCCORMACK.83516 0. 9 3 7 10 1 6 . STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. CONSTANT E 30E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 PINNED . 12 13 PRI AX 4.12000 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 7 3 6 . 2 3 4 . 27. 3 FIXED BUT FX MZ LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD JOINT LOAD 2 4 5 FY -20. 22.Part II – Verification Problems 18 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 6.12000 -0. 23.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 31.00000 0.00000 0. 3 4 8 . 16. 13. 14.00000 0.00000 0. 11 5 8 .00000 .29758 0. 11. 7. 26.Y-DISP AT JOINT 5 = 2.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 13/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.48000 -0. 7.00000 0.24000 -0.06578 0.00000 -0.0 5 6 PRIS AX 2.00000 0. Intl. 9. 5 1 2 6 2 3 . FINISH Z-ROTAN 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. ANSWER . 8. 12. 29. 4.00000 0. 18.00000 0. 8 45.00000 0. 3. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 8 3 8 .00000 0.63 INCH * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 5 60 0 0 6 15.00000 0.00000 0. 5.00000 0.72000 -0.5 9 10 11 PRI AX 3. 28. 20.00000 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 13 30. 7 8 PRI AX 1.00000 0.00000 0. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0. 24. 15.18000 0. 7 30.00000 0. 21.00000 0. 17. 4 4 5 . 19. 7.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.5 MEMB INCI 1 2 6 .00820 0.00000 0.00000 0.63033 0. 2.

. “Structural Analysis. page 385.6. E and I same for all members COMPARISON: Moment. 1975.” Intext Educational Publishers. J. PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the structure. REFERENCE: McCormack. problem 22 . Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 69. C. 3rd edition.19 Verification Problem No.40 69.44 Small . 8 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to a concentrated load on the horizontal member in a 1x1 bay plane frame.

20.00 0.00 0.00 -5.00 66. 4 30 0 MEMB INCI 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 2 3 TAB ST W12X26 CONSTANT E 4176E3 POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .74 0.44 2 1 2 3 3.74 0. 8.34 -69.00 0. PAGE 385 PROB 22-6.09 -20. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 19.44 -66.00 0. 3 30 30 . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 6 22. FINISH . 18. 7.00 0. 1 4 FIXED LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD MEMBER LOAD 2 CON Y -30.91 -9.00 0.74 -3.74 20.00 0. * ANSWER .09 9. . 6.74 -3. 8 * * PLANE FRAME WITH SIDESWAY. 4.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' * BY JACK MCCORMACK.00 0.00 0. 10.51 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23.66 45. 10. 11. 21.4 KIP-FT * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. 3. 9.00 0.00 69.91 0.00 0.KIP FEET (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 20. 16.00 0. 2 0 30 .66 3 1 3 4 9. 14. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.74 3. 5.91 3.00 0. 2. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00 0.MAX BENDING IN MEMB 1 = 69. 10. 13.00 0. Intl. 17.09 -3. 12. 15.Part II – Verification Problems 20 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.

. page 388.” Intext Educational Publishers.01 0.21 Verification Problem No. 9 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to lateral joint loads in a 1x2 bay plane frame.40 178. PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the frame. 3rd edition. example 22 . 1975. J. E and I same for all members. Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 176.91% . COMPARISON: Moment. C.7. “Structural Analysis. REFERENCE: McCormack.

34 65.00 0.00 0. 5 3 4 .00 0.26 -22. 18.49 64.06 -15.94 -14. ANSWER .10 3 1 3 5 -6.00 0.00 0. 8.97 0.2 IZ . 6. 5.00 0.00 0.00 0.51 0. 19.03 0.MAX MOM IN MEMB 1 = 176.00 178.24 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23.00 0.00 -157.00 0.00 0.00 0. 6 5 6 MEMB PROP 1 TO 6 PRI AX .51 6. 3 3 5 4 .KIP FEET (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 3 -22.51 4.03 -6. 12.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 3.00 0. 5 FX 10 PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 6/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00 0.Part II – Verification Problems 22 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.06 0.94 0.00 0. 15.00 0.26 15. 13. 11. 7.00 0. 2 20 0 0 6 20 40 0 2 MEMB INCI 1 1 3 2 . 9 * * MULTIPLE LEVEL PLANE FRAME WITH HORIZONTAL LOAD.1 CONSTANT E 4176E3 POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .00 0.01 123. 16. 17.93 4 1 4 6 6.16 2 1 2 4 22. 9.03 -5.51 5. * PAGE 388. 4.00 0.00 0.24 5 1 3 4 9.00 176.65 -157.44 6 1 5 6 5. 2.91 -9.73 122. 20.03 -5. 1 2 FIXED LOAD 1 HORIZONTAL LOAD JOINT LOAD 3 FX 20 . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 12 22.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 14. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00 34. 14.00 0.00 0.51 6.4 K-F * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 5 0 40 0 2 . * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK MCCORMACK.26 22.91 -15.75 0. 21. PROB 22-7.51 -6.93 -65.97 -4.00 0.00 35.75 15.00 0. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO. Intl.00 0. 10. FINISH .00 -64.

REFERENCE: Weaver Jr..Max (kip-in) 84.Max (kip-in) 95. GIVEN: E = 30E3 ksi.120 Small .” page 146..04 84.23 Verification Problem No. problem 8.47 1. 10 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum axial force and moment due to load and moment applied at a joint in a space frame. W. “Computer Programs for Structural Analysis. PROBLEM: Determine the maximum axial force and moment in the space structure.319 96.47 None MY.04 None MZ. AX = 11 in2 IX = 83 in4 IY = 56 in4 IZ = 56 in4 COMPARISON: Solution Reference STAAD Difference FMax (kips) 1.

2 FY -1. MAX BEND-Z= 95.22267 0. 7. PAGE 146 STRUCTURE NO.04.22 48. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 12 24.22 -0.00000 -0. 17. 5. 15.70161 0. 14. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. IZ 56 CONSTANT . 4 360 0 120 MEMB INCI 1 1 2 .MAX AXIAL FORCE= 1.00217 0. 19. 16. 21. 8. 10 * * REFERENCE 'COMPUTER PROGRAMS FOR STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' * BY WILLIAM WEAVER JR. 2 MZ -120.00000 0. . 9.43 1.00000 0.00016 -0.22202 0.90 -0. . 3. * ANSWER .00000 -0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULT JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 LOAD 1 1 1 1 X-TRANS 0. 18. 6. 23.72 .00000 Z-ROTAN -0.25 ALL SUPPORT 3 4 FIXED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD JOINT LOAD 1 FX 2. 11.78 123.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 10. 8.17182 -0. Intl. E 30000.00000 0.00000 0.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 3 4 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE INCH Y-ROTAN 0. IY 56.97 47.10 -0.00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 -1.00435 0.25 96.08 -17.00000 0.12 -11. IX 83. 2 240 120 0 3 0 0 0 . 2 3 1 .00255 -0. 22.00000 0. STAAD SPACE VERIFICATION PROB NO.00802 0. 12.00101 0.47 (MEMB 3) * MAX BEND-Y= 84.48119 0.319 (BOTH MEMB 3) * UNIT INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 120 0 . 20. 2. 13.43 0. 3 2 4 MEMB PROP 1 2 3 PRIS AX 11.00213 -0. 4.Part II – Verification Problems 24 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. PERFORM ANAL P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00000 Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN 0. ALL POISS .

47 -1.10 0.47 -0.97 -34.22 -0.43 0.37 3 1 2 4 1.04 -53.71 -17.37 -67.71 96.90 -0.43 0.48 -37.71 -0.69 84.48 0.28 -95.90 -0.97 -48.22 22.43 1.KIP INCH (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 0.02 15.71 0.12 36.18 -36.71 -22.97 17.36 2 1 3 1 -0.10 -1.22 -0. FINISH .43 0.25 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.22 -17.02 37.78 22.32 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 25.

Part II – Verification Problems 26 NOTES .

S. Van Nostrand Co. PROBLEM: Assuming the horizontal member to be very rigid.” Part 1. 3rd edition. GIVEN: Esteel = 30E6 psi. “Strength of Materials. psi Solution Theory STAAD Difference σSteel 19695 19698 Small σCopper 10152 10151 Small . D. problem 9. determine the stresses in the copper and steel wires if the temperature rise is 10º F. Ecopper = 16E6 psi αsteel = 70E-7 in/in/°F.1 in2 MODELLING HINT: Assume a large moment of inertia for the horizontal rigid member and distribute of the concentrated load as uniform. COMPARISON: Stress (σ). REFERENCE: Timoshenko.. Find the stresses in the wires due to a rise in temperature. 11 OBJECTIVE: A rigid bar is suspended by two copper wires and one steel wire.27 Verification Problem No. 1956. αcopper = 92E-7 in/in/°F AX = 0. page 30..

1 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.Part II – Verification Problems 28 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 0. Intl. 16. 7.NO. 20. MEMB INCI 1 1 4 3 . 20.2000001E+04 L-MATRIX DIAG= 0. . 4 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 12 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 1 EQN. 4. 8.15 ALL ALPHA 92E-7 MEMB 1 3 . PROB 9. 6. 10. 4 5 PRI AX 1. 24. ALPHA 70E-7 MEMB 2 MEMB TRUSS .4 5 UNI Y -400.NO. 22. 12. TEMP LOAD . ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 2 EQN. 15. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 5/ 3 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 9. 18. PAGE 30. 23.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 5. 2 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 3 EQN. PRINT STRESSES 7 . 21. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION. IZ 100.VERY WEAK SPRING ADDED FOR STABILITY 25. 2. . 17. 13.1 . E 30E6 MEMB 2 4 5 E 16E6 MEMB 1 3 POISSON 0. 1 2 3 SUPPORT . 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0.0000000E+00 EQN NO ***NOTE . 4 4 5 5 MEMB PROP 1 2 3 PRI AX 0. . 3 ***WARNING . 14. 6 10. 3. . 2 5.INSTABILITY AT JOINT 5 DIRECTION = FX PROBABLE CAUSE SINGULAR-ADDING WEAK SPRING K-MATRIX DIAG= 1. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO 11 * * THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' BY * TIMOSHENKO (PART 1). 19. 11. 1 2 3 PINNED LOADING 1 VERT LOAD + TEMP LOAD MEMB LOAD . 1 2 3 TEMP 10.NO. CONSTANT . 20. 5 5. * THE ANSWERS ARE 19700 PSI AND 10200 PSI. 3 10. 20. 0.

0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 T 10150.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 26.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 19698.6 1477.8 0. FINISH .0 0.3 T 19698.0 4 1 .0 0.8 T 0.0 0.0 0.29 MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB LD SECT AXIAL BEND-Y BEND-Z COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 1 .0 0.6 0.00 0.0 3.0 10150.0 0.3 T 0.00 19698.0 5 1 .0 0.0 1.00 0.0 0.0 0.8 T 0.0 0.8 0.00 10150.0 0.0 0.0 1477.8 10150.8 0.0 1.0 10150.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 19698.3 0.8 1522.4 0.8 T 10150.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 2 1 .8 0.00 10150.8 10150.0 0.0 3.8 0.0 1.0 1.0 3 1 .4 1522.0 0.

Part II – Verification Problems 30 NOTES .

“Strength of Materials. psi and Deflection (δ). PROBLEM: Determine the vertical deflection at point A and the member stresses.12 0.” Part 1... page 10.5 in2.. 1956.5 in2 P=5000 GIVEN: lb AX = 0. D.12 None . REFERENCE: Timoshenko. 30° 30° L=180” A=0. 10000. E = 30E6 psi COMPARISON: Stress (σ).31 Verification Problem No. in. Inc. Van Nostrand Co. 12 OBJECTIVE: To find the joint deflection and member stress due to a joint load in a plane truss. Solution Theory STAAD Difference σA 10000. S.5 in2 L=180” A=0. None δA 0. 3rd edition. problem 2.

12000 0. 18. 1 1 2 2 MEMB PROP 1 2 PRIS AX 0. 19. FINISH .00000 0.00000 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 3/ 2/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.0 10000. 2 155.0 0. 14.0 0. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 1 1 1 0.00000 0.15 ALL SUPPORT .00000 0.Part II – Verification Problems 32 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 17.00 10000.0 0. PAGE 10 PROB 2.0 0. 5.00000 0. 3 311. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 12 * * THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' * (PART 1) BY TIMOSHENKO. Intl. 2 FY -5000.5 CONSTANT E 30E6 POISSON 0. 4.00000 0.0 0. PRINT STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 LD 1 SECT . * THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK . 7.76914 0. 11.00000 Z-ROTAN 0. 0.0 0. 9. 6. 20.0 T 10000.0 0.0 1.00000 0.0 0.0 1.88457 -90. 13.00000 -0. 2.00 10000. 8.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22.0 T 0.00000 0.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.0 0. 1 3 PINNED LOAD 1 VERT LOAD JOINT LOAD . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 2 21. DEFLECTION = 0.0 0. 16.00000 0.0 T AXIAL BEND-Y 0.00000 0.0 BEND-Z 0.0 2 1 .0 T 10000.0 10000.0 0.0 0. 10. 12.12 INCH * AND STRESS =10000 PSI * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0. . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 3.0 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 10000. 15.0 10000. . MEMB INCI .

33 .

Part II – Verification Problems 34 .

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