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149

If the straigh t, line passing through t,h c n.X(~S of ]"0 tation 'Of {,he d ri vi II g ~LI1d driven pnUc},s forms an angle y 'with the horEznntn.! (F'jg·. IV-G), t,!)(~n the horiaonta I com po ncnt. of 11f'It. p 11 II c:q lIar:=;

The vertical component of pull tension usually may bo Ilcg[cctcd :·i'im.:<: iitis small in compartson with t.h.e engino ,\".,dght. In. CaBeR in whi«b tlw engine is driving, the expression for P, remains the same but tho di rnc tio r:

sign changes,

Therefore if the driven and d riving pulleys am moun.ted on the snrnc founda.tion, the forces imposed by a drjving gear represont intorna] forces and do not influence the displacement of the foundation.

IV-4~ E.x.almp~e$ Dynamic Analyses of ing Engines

Example

1. crunk 1.

**of Foundo tlons for Rel(iprocot~
**

a

**Dynamic c()mputalion8 of fou.nda.tion. [or shafl w1"'th {!:n electromotor
**

DATA.

uertical. com-preseor coupled

on. a

DESIGN

A two-cylinder

angles.

PI = Or {J'J,

= 1.f"/"l.,-

**compressor IU1E! the following: characteristics: compressor ;V'eight, ] 2 tons; olectromotor weight,
**

(~rl.

4 tons; operational speed, 480 rpm. Th-e first harmonics 'Of the' eKc~ti~g forces oqua] of the piston, P"l = 3.0 cos .~t

ftnd

tons): in the direction

of ;$liditii;

in

t he

horizontal

direction

perpendieulur

wi

to the shaft. axis, I'd = 0.4 cos wi

P~t "'" 0.4 sin

where w is the angular

veloe ity or rotation.

of the compressor,

equaling-

The base of ths Iou ndut.ion consiscs of silty the following design elastic coetlicienta:

day:;; with some sand characterrecd

by

Cr

= 2,5 X

lQl t.on~/1l1l

2. DESIGN DUGRAM OF FOVNDAT~ON. fro simplify computations, it is advisable to shape' the foundation In plan as simply as possible, avoiding all small grooves; projection:.>, Mymmetry. and so Oil. Figure nr-7 giYB13 it design di!l.gr~11J fer the foundntion under' eonsideration, seleeted on the basis of the foregoing reasoning. Some\yhatr. larger dimensions were selected for the projection of the foundation slab OD the leftland side, due to. thc cocenteie distribu tion of the cquipmen t on the foundation.

3.

CENTERING

OF 'i'.mE FOUNDlI.TfON

AEn;.-\ IN CONTACT

nOM Or<'STr,:T1C Pn~SR'i:JRF.

ON SOl r.,

Let us c!ctcrm:inc

WITH SorL th~ ccordinaees

ANI)

DETEnhUN./I.Zo

.To, 1!~, fl n d

of

= 20.. m -- .".7L 12 tons 1-' 4. k---~16.91 = 2 '"'8 ..\'(~will consider that the masses of the cornpressor and elcctromotor arc concentratod i\t the height of {be level of the rnaster-shaft.Ti.______j~ ~ yL_ 5 ~ I..52 = 1.= = 3.150 DYNAMICS OF BASES AND FOUNDATIONS t.. X f--'~'-\._ __ ~_~__1~ __ . t.918X 100 .. = coordinates of centers of gravity of single clemente wit.8 m from the foundation surface)..5~ G..h respect to axes m = mass of system .30------. W -= my H...4:· 1j_ ~ T 1o.m X 9.0- 3... (2) upper The results of computations of static moments of single elements of the system are given in Table I V~1. IV~7: :Co and corn preesor.. 0 2.5 In Yo.- FIo. Design dingr arn of Ioundntion.zo = 6. Thus we obtain: the 'weight of the whole system. in = ". of foundllltion.8 4 tons or r-o.7 These values of eccentricity in the distribution of the masses are so small that they may be neglected in.35 (Ull= 1..O----. further computations of the foundation. 0. = masses of single elements of system . Using those data. r k--. axis (at a distance of 0.H m .h the ..5 tons . where m.---. 2 1- --. we obtain the coordinates of the common center of gr:avity of the system: XQ "" 10.91 7.----. IV~i. example 1: (1) foundation slab.wit. part.'.miZi ED ==. -- - m..09 m The relative per cent: values of the cl1l'cntricit..-r- ___:r: .y in the directions 0 E II of the x and 'Y axes equal.l Dim~nsicrls.-..81 = 67. }.= ---m l:1ItiX.hn common clectromotor) center of gravity of the system (the foundation wiith respect to the axes shown in Fig.. 71. -----.

.:.~ a.01 Total" .QS wt <Nt p.2 4. _~ "'" -'_" .sin r. . 7~} ~. Due to the asymmetric position of the compressor.~2. 0 3.02 J .5 = :).J!.DO 0.0 «lctcrrn in~ng the amplitudes of forced vibrations ennsed by vcr tie al components of the excit.~ tons This load will induce vertical forced vibratjons of the foundntion... :3 e.3 O.0 a. the foundation will he subjected to the action {If the disturbing moment ills with respect to the x axis. POS5!BLE Fonu s 0.8·J a. 8UMMAR\' th-c conclusio n tlw't hm izon tnJ cornpo ncn t. = .Compr-essor ... O~~ slab . X sec? -------. 2. 2 (.5 -.It 18 W 07.. 8.IO.. _.). Dimensions of . s 1.ElemelDts of I element.52 4. The resultant vertical component of the disturbing forces equals (sec Art. The magnitude of this mQmoe:r:lt· is.. (j. .FOUNDATIONS UNDER 'RECIP~OCATING ENGINES 151 the foundation area in contact with soil.:3S20. _. :3 .25 I.75 disturbing forces of the compressor arc small in comparison with vertical component".liES 01" EXCITmG '0 f t be LOA DS. _.0 1.'i...nd the static pressure P..!l) CQ ~ ( + ~) of the !p. -- - ~-~~I------- -- Ele..on o ~. = P'I = 41.tromotor Foundatice .0 r- 2.c m omcn ts of mass of tons elements.8 t.5 6. .c.1) 0 . _.in g: forces and of their moments.ons/m:2 = O. ~ 3 Upper part of foundation. IV-:01) p.O X 3.H~ 2. A = (}. 25 7.:~8 kll:jtlTI . a 1 .0 3 '0 G.0 V AI.. tons X sec2/m ~ Coord inatcs of center of Sta. m system g:rll vi t. NI) l)).xc:itiing loads will h(' The design value of the ver-tical component P."' I"OUNIJATION VIBHA'l'lONS 1.ti.0(<<::05 ~t .-.8. _. lead IV-I.s 01·' KX!l.y of element. The forego ing date..4{ 1 .""'" • 011 soil.5 1 .B5 ~------- 4. m clements.23 O.G2 I ._-. 1. Therefore the dynamic analysis: of the founda tion may be confincd me rely 1:..: sin wt = 3. [)i 2'.:'>fGN ! Z 4..UI'Ll: TAELE O}' DATA pon: 'FHB SOLUTION IV-·I-l..

ml!(L5' """0. thoey will be A.2 sin wt The design value of tho disturbing li1 % moment should .). -1.D4 = 7.L VIBRATIONS OF THE FOUNI)A'I'[ON'. . /01 = mr(O..a.ing.) . simultaneous sliding of the roundati-on itt the direction of the y axis and a rotation of the foundat.the foundation center of gravity contact area with respect to the axis passing through porpendieu lar to the plane of vibrations is its I.O(1.nied by a..tll).~~+ 0.. 0. of the masses or separate elements of 'the system wit·h respect to toe same axis are: for the compressor.55= 3.i3 tons X rn will develop in the plane parallel to 1/<:'.ion with respect to an axis parallel to the z axis and passing through the common center of gravity.0 X 10 X 18 = 13.32) + 2 .9j vibrations = il of forced vertical = is found f'rorn Eq.41 X 7. = a.I toms X. in the case u n dor consideration 1" = 0.o X 0.C\. Thus betwcon cylinder axes: in the ease under consideration i = ].X5.a3~.25. + 2.02 X 0. 5J.06 rom G. +. whose mass is considered to be eoncentrated at tho height of the shaft axis.3 m = distance between soco ncl (:yl.3 tons X m Xseo' 102 ..5) X IOJ Hence iii..N5 OF TilE AMPL1TUDE Under the action of this moment.. . G.f'I_. HI ! v. 2: .l:~): .. COMPUTATIO.1 tons X In X sec" for the foundation slab.82 + .A..1 . The rnornanf of lnertla l of .& cos ( ".058 X to-a -:::0.2) = rC01.(.91(13.ical axis p'l.2 m M 6.i4.- 54..etermine the frequenc-y of vertical nAtura! vibrations of the foundation: f The amplitude A.u 1 2 U + 0.15 mm. L i = 2 . +.Ilss.m ~22. DETEIl:MIN..1n~.indct· a nd vcrt. 4 Z % ~ - 5. through center of gravity of complete system. 5. FfiOm Eq.D.12 a:s"1I..2.xllnpa.t + i) Wit .0 -.d . (lIl-l .u .. In l Tho mcmcnts of inc. (IH-1-5) we d. 1Z . vibrations OF FORCED VEnTIC.TION W(Tn SOIL OF 'THE lvloMENTS AND OF THE OF INERTIA CONTACT of the foundation FOtJN[)A'1l'ION will he AREA fN OF 'THE MASS OF TUE \llHOLE SYSTEM. = :3 X O~ _. equal its greatest magnitude: 1.02 (·.m X sec" . tIT.iSZ DYNAMICS Of BA'S'ES AND FOUNDATIONS where ~ = distance Iv....0 X 101 se(l-li G. . ollows that the amplitude of vertical vibrations f m Itch sm aller than permissible (0.3") = L2:~ .. l) 1 .

J.· ... sec f ..54 -67. COMruTATJON or 18..ITUJ)E:S BY FonCED AND A FOUNDATION ACCOMI'ANfED SUWLTANEOtJ8I. tons X m X SCt~ the center of gravity The moment of inertia of the whole system wi th respect to the axis passing through of tho whole system perpendicular to the plane of vibrations is I = 110 tnh! = 26. t.111:-3 IVa = i >= 1 LIe. The raliCb he-tween the rno rnen t s of inertia is ")'= 7. (IIr-::5~2).2 ions X m X :-. from Eq.'5) X 10ft .O"!) VIBRATIONS 0"10' AMPJ.-i G.he moment of iuort.in. Irom an n.3 OF = G. iocntcd above the rnaf t... is The axis 18 total moment of inert.:3. Oil' _ (20.ion.69 X 6..e of the fQUll.-2 ! The limiting ! n<l' = 10 X lOJ X . = 7. 9 1 The Irequeney equation for the foundation [Eq (II [-4-8)1 is J.5 20. The li miting natural to E<t.6.cc2 since h = Zo = 1.2 (3.5 + 6.logOllR for:muia. .00 m .FOUNDATIONS UNDER R:fCIPROCATING ENGINES 153 (hJ is t.09 = 2f11 X 'l'O~ 5 frequency of vibrations - in shear.5)(5.3 X 1.. t - 2. and UJO Ioun dntion contaet area).. :2 n + 20.4 .~ + .iQIi" according \}. (lII-2-6).2.0 0.3 + 193.2/26.w!J} .1) 1..3 .5 10'0 <= II) X to" = 0 By solving this equation we find the natural frequencies of vibrations of' the system.(Un x Lm)2 = 18.22 . is -.. For the upper part of the foundat. 1.he center of grnvitry of the ITUd.W")(f.he dlsta-nee between f..8 = t3.t + 6.nn.daf.'1.5.2 X 103/.OG X WiI! . X lOj X 18 .{w') ~ mlUn1! .5 f.1 + !L8 = 2(L:1.ia of the JIl ass of the whole system wi t h n'f-ijJ('ct. frequency of rocking vibmtioo. is sec: .5) D..91 X 18_.6 5 X 1031 .¥ Sr~IDING ROCKI!IlG.~ ~ :t9.8 X 10' 2.

9 m. DESIGN' DATA.020 X 10-3 m ~ 0. values of the coefficients of elasticity of 'the soil ma..ion surface is 0.41 X 0.tion of of the ccnU:r or gravity of the whole The amplitude of rotation is The maX~mHJH horixontnl displacement t>f the foundntion surface in r he plane yz is A = A" + h1A" = (a.rted (lift soil arc higher than the operatlonal lrequ-ency of the engine mounted on U1l0 fQlHUlation.8 tons. only raise the cost of the construction" bnt would also have B.ion.1)2 mm The foregoing computaticn s show that the amplitude of hocizontal vibrations.0 X tOl tons/m1 2.nt equipment. lies within the range of permissible values. = 4. The dimensiens Orf the foundation or ptn.154 DYNAMICS OF BAses AND fOUNOAlION$ From Eqs. This: ccaclusion holds for 8-11 cases in which ehe natural frequencies of a Ioundation suppc.y be selected according to Table 1-8 asfotlowa: Coefficient of elastic uniform compression: c. Hence the conclusion Is possible that the dimensions of the roundstion for the machine under considcratio n were sele(lted properly. communication lines. The reciprocating horizontal eomprcsser has two cylinders. Maximum values of unbalanced inertia forces of the engine are: horizontnl component in the direetion or piston motion P:I "'" [2. = 0. as well as the amplitude of vertical vibrations. The distance between the axis oI the engine master shaft. It is clear t'ha1t in the case under review an increase in foundation height would lead to greater amplitudes of vibrations. Example. This occurs In the overwhelming majority of reciprocating engines.. negative effect (lin the dynamic conditicn of the foundation.0 X 103 tons/m' are not limited hy structures.0 X IQ-J t. hence an increase in height would ne t. 2~ Dynamic analysis of a [ouruiaiioa for a reciprocaling horizontal com/pressor 1.r.tcrminc the Ioundnt. system is The ampl] 1'.73 tons.lidin~ shear of sliding shear and rota.'1(10 the amplitudes or I'. Tho design. The foundation rests on a soil of medium strength having a. = 8. UII-4!-f 2) wo dr.on8/m~ Coefficient of elastic nonuniform compression: ("~= Coefficient of elastic uniform sbear: . permissible bearing value of 2 kg/ern 2.000) X 10-3 = 0. The operafional speed is 167 rpm.JUG + 0. . and the foundat. yerti~al eompcnent P.

and Zo of ~-----------------8000------------------~ Section a Ion 9 longitlldif11o I 0 xi 5 0 f the foundotiorn Slection: otonq oxis o~ marin sheft FIO. IV-8: XIl . The dirn-cnsi. y.NTIERING OF THEG FOUNDATION ON TrllE A!~~~A IN' CON'l'ACT W1'1'11 SOIL i\N!l) D&1'<MINATCQN OF' PRESSURE SOIl. on of masses and coordiltUltes of cen ters of gravity of separate elements may t See footnote in Art. magnitudes The foundation should he divided into elements of such shape that the dat.FOUNDATIONS UNDER RECIPROCATING FOR ENGINES 153 2. Concrete typo lOOt' is to be employed for the foundation. 'I/o . Figure IV-B gives th~ design dingrllfn seleeted on the basis of these consideratious. and engine) with respect t. 132. Y" Zi = masses of separate elements of system = coordinates.numbers 1. 111 Z1?1.o the center of gravity of the whole system (the foundation the axes shown in Fig.2.: m Zo 'Em"z. =-In where rn... 3.:11. x. Xi... S~LECTION OF A DESIGN DIAGRAMI TilE Ji'oUN!)IA. Design diagram of foundation. IV-8 by the. z axes of centers of gravity of these elements witb rnspoc t. .m.•./X . C[l:. to m = mass of complete system Separate elements of the foundation nrc marked in Fig...olm' 01 the foundation are to be selected according to design co nsidemtions based 011 tho requirements of the plant manugement..:1. ---. example '1. 1/0. and so on. rv -I-c I p.'rm!'J._-- r. = --. IV-8. Let us determine the coor diuates zo.

sho W II wit.0 in the direction 1)C!f cent of the x axis is which is less Jan smaller. pressure smaller than DE" THE the permissible FOr:-lDA'TION_ 4.21 .) 05 yo .00 = .81 = . and since the vertical is :inSignificant.5 X.=: -A· ". The ecccn tricity in the direction of the y axis is even Since the ecocnt.05 3.r-icity in the mass distribution is small.5 m The relative magnitude of the eccentricity (U6 100 =2 8.156 DYNAMICS Of iBASESAND fOUNDATIONS be used later. rn "l3 a 21. From the data.f5 The displacement of the center of gravity the center of the f-oundation area in ccntucf of the mass of the system with respect to with soil is: In tho direction of the x axis: 4..f. consider that the center of gravity of the mass of the syst-em and the centroid the foundation contact area arc located on the same vertical line.16m 0. ~J. we compute the amplitudes of for'ced vibrations [caused by the borizontal component of unbalanced inertial forces in the direction of piston motion (the system will.] 4 = 4.S!)... We also neg·teet the action of exciting moments tending to produce rocking vibrations of the foundation.r Since the horizontal component direction perpendicular to t. m It) :~ 28.. for the computation of coordinates of t.he center of gravity of the .':lystcm arc given in Table IV~2.44 kg/cm2 Thus the static pressure. 5 pc. The data.4 Itons/m 48 on the 8Qi~ is considerably OF FORCED 2 = 0.52 ~ .4. Therefore we neglect hereafter the eccentricity and. cent. its influence on the arn plitudes of forced vibrations will be insignificant.105 X 167 = 17. of the whole system ss will be computed.5 = ~ . when the moment of inertia of the rna . COM'PQTA'fIO:-J O~· AMPLITUDES VIBRATIONS of the unbalaeced inertial forces of the engine in the mot. be sub iected to vibrations in the X2 plane).ion of the piston is zero.h minus signs."J z ". lItg 2l.•5 .0.16 m ~ 64. We begin by establishing the data needed for the computation of amplitudes of Iouadacion vibrations.5. The frequency of machine rotation equals w "'" .16 In the direction of the y axis: :3. The pressure on the soil imposed by the static load is assumed to ibe uniformly distributed oyer the foundation contact area and equals or PI! :. Masses corresponding to cavities ill the Ioundation arc.lOoN 3010sec-t = 0.a ~ec-! w~ .J.afTable IV~:2 we find the coordinatos of the center of gravity of the system: Xo = _ r .d.he component of the above forccs vibrations only for foundation a.IDO = 01.

..c> <=> j.= """3'111 .'O 1-0 <.. ~ C"'I II."''' .:..._ ."...."it' <._ c:I __ a:...... 1:. 11::1 ' I ~.. <'? -TO ===e>.C'Qo __..!.JO ~ ....:II ..-----'1 -- --~--~'-"""--'-I en . I 0:0 ....lC> ~ ' I~ . I ..-----.::... ----- -.C"'I'= r I ----------0--... 'CIJI .... --. 2S88 tO c-lIl ..e •. r~ '0 oe'Q ~ '0.... -=<C>_~~ ~ <0 ....~ .:..:. ..Q '''l'' OC) IQIIOo _.O ."l II II ' [ '0'> oQO = 0') 0 en. ~ ~ II.i. ! ~ ~~."ob_~_ >0 iL:C I~ Ir""'O:.":'. 00: .-.-4' I~ 'Q .. r _ 1$ c:q.=> ""'" c:>Oc::>-<c:N ~ ..r.~ lC"--il I~ It-- 'CO 10:- 157 ....> . ¢'. ~ 0'0 C"I _. u-::.) -= ""'" l~rC">III .~ ~ ... • '0 c::..0 ' 'dl .. •..tI C':I ~ ~t:I ~ ""'e-.---- .. x "':I ' . _ >0 0:>. I I ... ~ ... ~ <:":I C"I ~ -~~Qa"""''''''''' '0 ~ II!.i!' ~ eIi .. .

f = 4./ / I = 6.09 = 101.!) tOIH.0 ± g. of the mass of the whole system the common center of gravity perpendicular with.hcrt M == l\h.5 X 1.69 + + a.vjt..33 X 21] = 14.h c system is hi = 1." + 89. respect to' the axis to the plane of vibra- W . or the engine to the com mon center of The exci tlfllll' mom on f..0)110~ = (13. (XlI-2-6): 3 frequency olf rocking vihrntions of the foundar.. ti'th~ = = 102 + '21.of the foundation contact area with respect to the axis pnssin~ through its center of gravity perpendicular to the plane of vibrations equals .00 X g..y 0 f the m [lSR of t.:: 103j.73 =0 f .81 = 211 tons The moment passin g through tionlll equals of inertia. 0 = [13. + + 14-.46 X 10' 0.0 89.4(i X lO" 2 O_7:~.4v X 10"" sec -2 We set 'Up the frequency equation 01 the foundation according to Eq.ion IS J. equation.78 ::.Q}lO! Thus the natural frequencies of the foundation win be .5 X 9..159 DYNAMICS OF BASES ANID fOUNCA TlONS The distance from the axis of the master shaft ~r".003 = 256 m I 12 The weight.6 _ I.0 X 2 .0 X 10' of sliding shear a sec-2 of the nat.8 X 1.i + m!:( 2) xoo! + ZO-i2) 12."II' 2 The limit value (III-3-2).. "'" H2~mi( au:~ = 80.5 vibrutions...6 X 103 X 4. Solving Hence this. X 1O~ 4. ~.332 = HO tons X m >< sec' between the mum.. of the engine Xm if.ural frequency 21.. ~ f"I. The moment of inertia. 10 X 2513 t40 1.en ts of inertia of the massas is The limit value of natural determined from Eq.503 = }n. from Eq. of che whole system is W = mg = 21. 53 m . is - - ~ 8 X.~2 1'-'1<22 26.0 ± V(l:3.. I.0 X 1O~ ". (III·4-8): ~ 14.102 tons X m X S(lC1 The moment of in-ertia of the mass of the whole system with respect to the axis passing through the centroid of the foundation contact area perpendicular to the plane ot vibrations equals lVo The ratio + I. I !I - 2: X 10'" X 48 ". = 12.

The results of computatione \ViiI[ he more accurate if we add to the amplitude 01 . This is explained by the fnct.8 = 18.~ = = 0.0 X 10 IV 2 X 103 X 'J8 X La:3 X.O..~~~ ~!:":~L! .ious induced by P'Z ami hy the moment !If = P "hi.c>.019 X lO-J = 0.[FOUNDATIONS UNDER RECIPROCATING ENGINES 159' .·11l! fOlHIdation and L1w (HId A" = (8 X 10 3 X 25G -211 18..1 = of forced vibrations of the upper edge of the foundation H)~3 equals 0.t the dimensions of the foundation in the direction of the action of this force i~ large in comparison with the height of the foundation. However.ssing through the center of gravity of the foundution perpendicular to the plane of vibrations: (2 X UP X 48 :X 1. HUi +" 18.30) X IO'~ = 18.1\) m < o. in the case of the foundation under consideration.04 X. (III-4~1l) horizontal engine 18 displacement of the common center of gravity of the horjso n.. This cannot be admitted as fl.l .G Thus the amplitude .17 X 1Cl-~ + ].z mm The design value of the amplitude IOf vibrations docs not exceed j he permiseible value.lon may be This assumption grea.t. II1IIl We then compute the amp litudcs of forced vibrnt.\l.33 X 12.. hence the dimensions of the foundation are selected eorreetly.tal Iorc« (TII-4-12) 1.mpfitude of forced vibrations if the foundation of the horizontal exciting force. Therefore rocking results only in small dynamic displacements.46 .:WH-'I.. then hom Eq. tha.ion may be neglected when computing tho a.0 X 101(1 0.5 X 102(21.ion about the horizontal axis r). The foregoing computations show that vibrations of the Iounrlation IU(1 produced mainly iby its horizontal displacement in the direction of the action of the horizon! III component of the dist.>~)(J"22 .".14 mm The computed amplitude 18 20 per ecnt. nccording to Eqs.l.17 X 10-3 m 0.9 .17 m m From the same equations we find the amplitude of rocking vibrations of the Ioundat.019 X 10-3 rad ians + (2 X 10' X 48 - 21. smaller than that obtained by means of the foregoing: computations (CU!l mm).urbing force of the compressor. 2. good appro:dmation.(jroI2 . dynamiecomputetdoue ..30) X lOJ = 0. this simplification of compututions For example.:P)1f.. Hence tho rocking vibrations of a Ioundat.5> X 17.l.14 X 10-:3 m = 0. 0.. [2..~ 1.5(4..8 21.O.0 X 101"0- .(2) = 21.0. (IU-:3-3) we would obtnln for the amplitude of horizontal displacements of the foundation A:r = " . if such a simplification were made is elongated in the direction of action vibrations of the (mmdat.:1«.y simplifies should be: very cautiously applied.1) =mW .33 -+ 2 X H}J X 48 Xl :~~__ =---!.0 X UII". ><. in this case tho considered to be vibrations of sliding shear.

th c arnpli tude of rocki ng v ibrations when no shear is presen t. consequently. (111-2-7).anco ua sliding shear and rocking.I" W(~ obt.30) X 10 ' = O.9 m .he horizontal exciting force acts 3." =. (III-2-7).16(} DYNAMICS Of BASES AND fOUNDATIONS vjb ratio ns fmmdlltion. deterrni ned from Eq. oy means of the above approximate method will Dot differ . M = w here P %h.1 height hi from tho base of the foundation. An amplitude compu ted + A. and assuming t.hat. 0 04 mm will equa) Thus the total amplitude of the horizontal displaecInt!ot of the foundation A = A". 038 XI 01 3 1- m ==.04 = O. Assuming that t. in Eq. and h if! the: full height of the foundation. = 2.18mm much from the' value obtained as a result of computatlcns taking into account vibrations of the foundation accompanied by aimrrlt.8 X 2. h.14 + 0.0 = 1-40(14. s hear a displacemcn computed from the r()rhlll~a II ~rp "" t produced A <ph by rocking vibra tiona of the A ~ is.z. ]2:. or sEidinr.0 m and }~l 2.ain For the foundation Ar'l' under eonsideratien.6 _ 0. 0.0 X 2.

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