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Given that

2 + z

z

= 2 – i, z

∈

, find z in the form a + ib.

(Total 4 marks)

2. The diagram below shows a circle with centre O. The points A, B, C lie on the circumference of the circle

and [AC] is a diameter.

Let

b a · · OB and OA

.

(a) Write down expressions for

CB and AB

in terms of the vectors a and b.

(2)

(b) Hence prove that angle

C B

ˆ

A

is a right angle.

(3)

(Total 5 marks)

3. The points A(1, 2, 1), B(–3, 1, 4), C(5, –1, 2) and D(5, 3, 7) are the vertices of a tetrahedron.

(a) Find the vectors

AC and AB

.

(2)

(b) Find the Cartesian equation of the plane that contains the face ABC. Π

(4)

(c) Find the vector equation of the line that passes through D and is perpendicular

to . Hence, or otherwise, calculate the shortest distance to D from . Π Π

(5)

(d) (i) Calculate the area of the triangle ABC.

(ii) Calculate the volume of the tetrahedron ABCD.

(4)

(e) Determine which of the vertices B or D is closer to its opposite face.

(4)

(Total 19 marks)

4. In the diagram below, [AB] is a diameter of the circle with centre O. Point C is on the circumference of

the circle. Let

c b · · OC and OB

.

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 1

(a) Find an expression for

CB

and for

AC

in terms of b and c.

(2)

(b) Hence prove that

B C

ˆ

A

is a right angle.

(3)

(Total 5 marks)

5. Port A is defined to be the origin of a set of coordinate axes and port B is located at the point (70, 30),

where distances are measured in kilometres. A ship S

1

sails from port A at 10:00 in a straight line such

that its position t hours after 10:00 is given by r =

,

_

¸

¸

20

10

t

.

A speedboat S

2

is capable of three times the speed of S

1

and is to meet S

1

by travelling the shortest

possible distance. What is the latest time that S

2

can leave port B?

(Total 7 marks)

6. Consider the functions f(x) = x

3

+ 1 and g(x) =

1

1

3

+ x

. The graphs of y = f(x) and y = g(x) meet at the

point (0, 1) and one other point, P.

(a) Find the coordinates of P.

(1)

(b) Calculate the size of the acute angle between the tangents to the two graphs at the point P.

(4)

(Total 5 marks)

7. The points P(–1, 2, –3), Q(–2, 1, 0), R(0, 5, 1) and S form a parallelogram, where S is diagonally opposite

Q.

(a) Find the coordinates of S.

(2)

(b) The vector product

· × PS PQ

,

_

¸

¸ −

m

7

13

. Find the value of m.

(2)

(c) Hence calculate the area of parallelogram PQRS.

(2)

(d) Find the Cartesian equation of the plane, Π

1

, containing the parallelogram PQRS.

(3)

(e) Write down the vector equation of the line through the origin (0, 0, 0) that is

perpendicular to the plane Π

1

.

(1)

(f) Hence find the point on the plane that is closest to the origin.

(3)

(g) A second plane, Π

2

, has equation x – 2y + z = 3. Calculate the angle between the two planes.

(4)

(Total 17 marks)

8. (a) Show that the two planes

π

1

: x + 2y – z = 1

π

2

: x + z = –2

are perpendicular.

(3)

(b) Find the equation of the plane π

3

that passes through the origin and is perpendicular to both π

1

and

π

2

.

(4)

(Total 7 marks)

9. Consider the vectors

b a b a + · · · OC and OB , OA

. Show that if │a│=│b│ then

(a + b)•(a – b) = 0. Comment on what this tells us about the parallelogram OACB.

(Total 4 marks)

10. The three vectors a, b and c are given by

,

_

¸

¸

− ·

,

_

¸

¸

−

·

,

_

¸

¸

− ·

6

7

4

,

3

4

,

2

3

2

c b a

x

y

x

x

x

y

where x, y

∈

.

(a) If a + 2b – c = 0, find the value of x and of y.

(3)

(b) Find the exact value of │a + 2b│.

(2)

(Total 5 marks)

11. (a) Consider the vectors a = 6i + 3j + 2k, b = –3j + 4k.

(i) Find the cosine of the angle between vectors a and b.

(ii) Find a × b.

(iii) Hence find the Cartesian equation of the plane containing the vectors Π a

and b and passing through the point (1, 1, –1).

(iv) The plane intersects the Π x-y plane in the line l. Find the area of the finite triangular

region enclosed by l, the x-axis and the y-axis.

(11)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 3

(b) Given two vectors p and q,

(i) show that p • p = │p│

2

;

(ii) hence, or otherwise, show that │p + q│

2

= │p│

2

+ 2p • q + │q│

2

;

(iii) deduce that │p + q│≤│p│ + │q│.

(8)

(Total 19 marks)

12. A plane π has vector equation r = (–2i + 3j – 2k) + λ(2i + 3j + 2k) + μ(6i – 3j + 2k).

(a) Show that the Cartesian equation of the plane π is 3x + 2y – 6z = 12.

(6)

(b) The plane π meets the x, y and z axes at A, B and C respectively. Find the coordinates of A, B and

C.

(3)

(c) Find the volume of the pyramid OABC.

(3)

(d) Find the angle between the plane π and the x-axis.

(4)

(e) Hence, or otherwise, find the distance from the origin to the plane π.

(2)

(f) Using your answers from (c) and (e), find the area of the triangle ABC.

(2)

(Total 20 marks)

13. The three planes

2x – 2y – z = 3

4x + 5y – 2z = –3

3x + 4y – 3z = –7

intersect at the point with coordinates (a, b, c).

(a) Find the value of each of a, b and c.

(2)

(b) The equations of three other planes are

2x – 4y – 3z = 4

–x + 3y + 5z = –2

3x – 5y – z = 6.

Find a vector equation of the line of intersection of these three planes.

(4)

(Total 6 marks)

14. Consider the plane with equation 4x – 2y – z = 1 and the line given by the parametric equations

x = 3 – 2λ

y = (2k – 1) + λ

z = –1 + kλ.

Given that the line is perpendicular to the plane, find

(a) the value of k;

(4)

(b) the coordinates of the point of intersection of the line and the plane.

(4)

(Total 8 marks)

15. Consider the vectors a = sin(2α)i – cos(2α)j + k and b = cos α i – sin α j – k, where 0 < α < 2π.

Let θ be the angle between the vectors a and b.

(a) Express cos θ in terms of α.

(2)

(b) Find the acute angle α for which the two vectors are perpendicular.

(2)

(c) For α =

6

π 7

, determine the vector product of a and b and comment on the geometrical significance

of this result.

(4)

(Total 8 marks)

16. The diagram shows a cube OABCDEFG.

Let O be the origin, (OA) the x-axis, (OC) the y-axis and (OD) the z-axis.

Let M, N and P be the midpoints of [FG], [DG] and [CG], respectively.

The coordinates of F are (2, 2, 2).

(a) Find the position vectors

OP and ON , OM

in component form.

(3)

(b) Find

MN MP×

.

(4)

(c) Hence,

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 5

(i) calculate the area of the triangle MNP;

(ii) show that the line (AG) is perpendicular to the plane MNP;

(iii) find the equation of the plane MNP.

(7)

(d) Determine the coordinates of the point where the line (AG) meets the plane MNP.

(6)

(Total 20 marks)

17. A triangle has vertices A(1, –1, 1), B(1, 1, 0) and C(–1, 1, –1).

Show that the area of the triangle is

6

.

(Total 6 marks)

18. (a) Show that a Cartesian equation of the line, l

1

, containing points A(1, –1, 2) and B(3, 0, 3)

has the form

1

2

1

1

2

1 −

·

+

·

− z y x

.

(2)

(b) An equation of a second line, l

2

, has the form

1

3

2

2

1

1 −

·

−

·

− z y x

. Show that the lines l

1

and l

2

intersect, and find the coordinates of their point of intersection.

(5)

(c) Given that direction vectors of l

1

and l

2

are d

1

and d

2

respectively, determine d

1

× d

2

.

(3)

(d) Show that a Cartesian equation of the plane, , that contains Π l

1

and l

2

is –x – y + 3z

= 6.

(3)

(e) Find a vector equation of the line l

3

which is perpendicular to the plane and passes Π

through the point T(3, 1, –4).

(2)

(f) (i) Find the point of intersection of the line l

3

and the plane . Π

(ii) Find the coordinates of T′, the reflection of the point T in the plane . Π

(iii) Hence find the magnitude of the vector

T T ′

.

(7)

(Total 22 marks)

19. Find the angle between the lines

2

1 − x

= 1 – y = 2z and x = y = 3z.

(Total 6 marks)

20. Consider the planes defined by the equations x + y + 2z = 2, 2x – y + 3z = 2 and

5x – y + az = 5 where a is a real number.

(a) If a = 4 find the coordinates of the point of intersection of the three planes.

(2)

(b) (i) Find the value of a for which the planes do not meet at a unique point.

(ii) For this value of a show that the three planes do not have any common point.

(6)

(Total 8 marks)

21. The position vector at time t of a point P is given by

OP

= (1 + t)i + (2 – 2t)j + (3t – 1)k, t ≥ 0.

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 7

(a) Find the coordinates of P when t = 0.

(2)

(b) Show that P moves along the line L with Cartesian equations

x – 1 =

3

1

2

2 +

·

−

− z y

.

(2)

(c) (i) Find the value of t when P lies on the plane with equation 2x + y + z = 6.

(ii) State the coordinates of P at this time.

(iii) Hence find the total distance travelled by P before it meets the plane.

(6)

The position vector at time t of another point, Q, is given by

,

_

¸

¸

−

− ·

2

2

1

1 OQ

t

t

t

, t ≥ 0.

(d) (i) Find the value of t for which the distance from Q to the origin is minimum.

(ii) Find the coordinates of Q at this time.

(6)

(e) Let a, b and c be the position vectors of Q at times t = 0, t = 1, and t = 2 respectively.

(i) Show that the equation a – b = k(b – c) has no solution for k.

(ii) Hence show that the path of Q is not a straight line.

(7)

(Total 23 marks)

22. Given that a = 2 sin θ i + (1 – sin θ)j, find the value of the acute angle θ, so that a is perpendicular to the

line x + y = 1.

(Total 5 marks)

23. The vector equation of line l is given as

,

_

¸

¸

−

−

+

,

_

¸

¸

·

,

_

¸

¸

1

2

1

6

3

1

λ

z

y

x

.

Find the Cartesian equation of the plane containing the line l and the point A(4, –2, 5).

(Total 6 marks)

24. Two lines are defined by

l

1

: r =

4

7

3

4

: and

2

2

3

6

4

3

2

+

·

−

−

,

_

¸

¸

−

+

,

_

¸

¸

−

−

y x

l λ

= –(z + 3).

(a) Find the coordinates of the point A on l

1

and the point B on l

2

such that

AB

is perpendicular to

both l

1

and l

2

.

(13)

(b) Find │AB│.

(3)

(c) Find the Cartesian equation of the plane that contains Π l

1

and does not intersect l

2

.

(3)

(Total 19 marks)

25. The points A, B, C have position vectors i + j + 2k, i + 2 j + 3k, 3i + k respectively and lie in the plane π.

(a) Find

(i) the area of the triangle ABC;

(ii) the shortest distance from C to the line AB;

(iii) the cartesian equation of the plane π.

(14)

The line L passes through the origin and is normal to the plane π, it intersects π at the point D.

(b) Find

(i) the coordinates of the point D;

(ii) the distance of π from the origin.

(6)

(Total 20 marks)

26. Given any two non-zero vectors a and b, show that │a × b│

2

= │a│

2

│b│

2

– (a • b)

2

.

(Total 6 marks)

27. Consider the points A(1, −1, 4), B(2, − 2, 5) and O(0, 0, 0).

(a) Calculate the cosine of the angle between

OA

and

AB.

(5)

(b) Find a vector equation of the line L

1

which passes through A and B.

(2)

The line L

2

has equation r = 2i + 4j + 7k + t(2i + j + 3k), where t∈ .

(c) Show that the lines L

1

and L

2

intersect and find the coordinates of their point of intersection.

(7)

(d) Find the Cartesian equation of the plane that contains both the line L

2

and the point A.

(6)

(Total 20 marks)

28. A ray of light coming from the point (−1, 3, 2) is travelling in the direction of vector

,

_

¸

¸

− 2

1

4

and meets the

plane π : x + 3y + 2z − 24 = 0.

Find the angle that the ray of light makes with the plane.

(Total 6 marks)

29. Find the vector equation of the line of intersection of the three planes represented by the following system

of equations.

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 9

2x − 7y + 5z =1

6x + 3y – z = –1

−14x − 23y +13z = 5

(Total 6 marks)

30. Three distinct non-zero vectors are given by

c b a · · · OC and , OB , OA

.

If

OA

is perpendicular to

BC

and

OB

is perpendicular to

CA

, show that

OC

is perpendicular to

AB

.

(Total 6 marks)

31. The angle between the vector a = i – 2j + 3k and the vector b = 3i – 2j + mk is 30°.

Find the values of m.

(Total 6 marks)

32. (a) Find the set of values of k for which the following system of equations has no solution.

x + 2y – 3z = k

3x + y + 2z = 4

5x + 7z = 5

(4)

(b) Describe the geometrical relationship of the three planes represented by this system of equations.

(1)

(Total 5 marks)

33. (a) Write the vector equations of the following lines in parametric form.

r

1

=

,

_

¸

¸

− +

,

_

¸

¸

2

1

2

7

2

3

m

r

2

=

,

_

¸

¸

− +

,

_

¸

¸

1

1

4

2

4

1

n

(2)

(b) Hence show that these two lines intersect and find the point of intersection, A.

(5)

(c) Find the Cartesian equation of the plane that contains these two lines. Π

(4)

(d) Let B be the point of intersection of the plane and the line Π r =

,

_

¸

¸

+

,

_

¸

¸

−

−

2

8

3

0

3

8

λ

.

Find the coordinates of B.

(4)

(e) If C is the mid-point of AB, find the vector equation of the line perpendicular to the plane Π

and passing through C.

(3)

(Total 18 marks)

34. The line L is given by the parametric equations x = 1 – λ, y = 2 – 3λ, z = 2.

Find the coordinates of the point on L that is nearest to the origin.

(Total 6 marks)

35. (a) Show that the following system of equations will have a unique solution when a ≠ –1.

x + 3y – z = 0

3x + 5y – z = 0

x – 5y + (2 – a)z = 9 – a

2

(5)

(b) State the solution in terms of a.

(6)

(c) Hence, solve

x + 3y – z = 0

3x + 5y – z = 0

x – 5y + z = 8

(2)

(Total 13 marks)

36. Consider the points A(1, 2, 1), B(0, –1, 2), C(1, 0, 2) and D(2, –1, –6).

(a) Find the vectors

AB

and

BC

.

(2)

(b) Calculate

BC AB×

.

(2)

(c) Hence, or otherwise find the area of triangle ABC.

(3)

(d) Find the Cartesian equation of the plane P containing the points A, B and C.

(3)

(e) Find a set of parametric equations for the line L through the point D and perpendicular to the plane

P.

(3)

(f) Find the point of intersection E, of the line L and the plane P.

(4)

(g) Find the distance from the point D to the plane P.

(2)

(h) Find a unit vector that is perpendicular to the plane P.

(2)

(i) The point F is a reflection of D in the plane P. Find the coordinates of F.

(4)

(Total 25 marks)

37. (a) Show that lines

1

3

3

2

1

2 −

·

−

·

− z y x

and

2

4

4

3

1

2 −

·

−

·

− z y x

intersect and find the

coordinates of P, the point of intersection.

(8)

(b) Find the Cartesian equation of the plane Π that contains the two lines.

(6)

(c) The point Q(3, 4, 3) lies on Π. The line L passes through the midpoint of [PQ]. Point S is on L such

that

QS PS ·

= 3, and the triangle PQS is normal to the plane Π. Given that there are two

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 11

possible positions for S, find their coordinates.

(15)

(Total 29 marks)

38. A triangle has its vertices at A(–1, 3, 2), B(3, 6, 1) and C(–4, 4, 3).

(a) Show that

AC AB•

= –10.

(3)

(b) Find

C A B

.

(5)

(Total 8 marks)

39. Consider the matrix A =

,

_

¸

¸

−1

2 0

a

.

(a) Find the matrix A

2

.

(2)

(b) If det A

2

= 16, determine the possible values of a.

(3)

(Total 5 marks)

40. The equations of three planes, are given by

ax + 2y + z = 3

–x + (a + 1)y + 3z = 1

–2x + y + (a + 2)z = k

where a

∈

.

(a) Given that a = 0, show that the three planes intersect at a point.

(3)

(b) Find the value of a such that the three planes do not meet at a point.

(5)

(c) Given a such that the three planes do not meet at a point, find the value of k such that the planes

meet in one line and find an equation of this line in the form

,

_

¸

¸

+

,

_

¸

¸

·

,

_

¸

¸

n

m

l

z

y

x

z

y

x

λ

0

0

0

.

(6)

(Total 14 marks)

41. Consider the matrix A =

,

_

¸

¸

− θ θ

θ θ

cos 2 sin

sin 2 cos

, for 0 < θ < 2π.

(a) Show that det A = cos θ.

(3)

(b) Find the values of θ for which det A

2

= sin θ.

(3)

(Total 6 marks)

42. Consider the matrices

,

_

¸

¸

−

·

,

_

¸

¸

−

−

·

2 2

3 1

,

4 5

2 3

B A

.

(a) Find BA.

(2)

(b) Calculate det (BA).

(2)

(c) Find A(A

–1

B + 2A

–1

)A.

(3)

(Total 7 marks)

43. The system of equations

2x – y + 3z = 2

3x + y + 2z = –2

–x + 2y + az = b

is known to have more than one solution. Find the value of a and the value of b.

(Total 5 marks)

44. Let A, B and C be non-singular 2×2 matrices, I the 2×2 identity matrix and k a scalar. The following

statements are incorrect. For each statement, write down the correct version of the right hand side.

(a) (A + B)

2

= A

2

+ 2AB + B

2

(2)

(b) (A – kI)

3

= A

3

– 3kA

2

+ 3k

2

A – k

3

(2)

(c) CA = B

⇒

C =

A

B

(2)

(Total 6 marks)

45. Consider the matrix

,

_

¸

¸

−

−

2 0

1 2 0

1 1

k k

k

k

Find all possible values of k for which the matrix is singular.

(Total 5 marks)

46. Consider the matrix A =

,

_

¸

¸

+

−

1 e 2

e e

x

x x

, where x

∈

.

Find the value of x for which A is singular.

(Total 6 marks)

47. Let M =

,

_

¸

¸

− a b

b a

where a and b are non-zero real numbers.

(a) Show that M is non-singular.

(2)

(b) Calculate M

2

.

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 13

(2)

(c) Show that det(M

2

) is positive.

(2)

(Total 6 marks)

48. Matrices A, B and C are defined as

,

_

¸

¸

−

·

,

_

¸

¸

−

−

·

,

_

¸

¸

−

− ·

4

0

8

,

1 3 0

0 1 3

1 2 1

,

7 3 9

3 1 3

1 5 1

C B A

.

(a) Given that AB =

,

_

¸

¸

a

a

a

0 0

0 0

0 0

, find a.

(1)

(b) Hence, or otherwise, find A

–1

.

(2)

(c) Find the matrix X, such that AX = C.

(2)

(Total 5 marks)

49. Let M be the matrix

.

1 1

1 0

0 2

,

_

¸

¸

α − −

α

α α

Find all the values of α for which M is singular.

(Total 6 marks)

50. Find the determinant of A, where A =

,

_

¸

¸

6 4 7

8 5 9

2 1 3

.

(Total 5 marks)

51. If A =

,

_

¸

¸

−1

2 1

k

and A

2

is a matrix whose entries are all 0, find k.

(Total 5 marks)

52. Given that M =

,

_

¸

¸

−

−

4 3

1 2

and that M

2

– 6M + kI = 0 find k.

(Total 5 marks)

53. The square matrix X is such that X

3

= 0. Show that the inverse of the matrix (I – X) is

I + X + X

2

.

(Total 6 marks)

54. (a) Write down the inverse of the matrix

A =

,

_

¸

¸

−

−

−

3 5 1

1 2 2

1 3 1

(2)

(b) Hence, find the point of intersection of the three planes.

x – 3y + z = 1

2x + 2y – z = 2

x – 5y + 3z = 3

(3)

(c) A fourth plane with equation x + y + z = d passes through the point of intersection. Find the value

of d.

(1)

(Total 6 marks)

55. A geometric sequence u

1

, u

2

, u

3

, ... has u

1

= 27 and a sum to infinity of

2

81

.

(a) Find the common ratio of the geometric sequence.

(2)

An arithmetic sequence v

1

, v

2

, v

3

, ... is such that v

2

= u

2

and v

4

= u

4

.

(b) Find the greatest value of N such that

∑

·

>

N

n

n

v

1

0

.

(5)

(Total 7 marks)

56. (a) Show that

θ

θ

2 cos 1

2 sin

+

= tan θ.

(2)

(b) Hence find the value of cot

8

π

in the form a +

2 b

, where a, b

∈

.

(3)

(Total 5 marks)

57. The diagram shows a tangent, (TP), to the circle with centre O and radius r. The size of

A O

ˆ

P

is θ radians.

(a) Find the area of triangle AOP in terms of r and θ.

(1)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 15

(b) Find the area of triangle POT in terms of r and θ.

(2)

(c) Using your results from part (a) and part (b), show that sin θ < θ < tan θ.

(2)

(Total 5 marks)

58. (a) (i) Sketch the graphs of y = sin x and y = sin 2x, on the same set of axes,

for 0 ≤ x ≤

2

π

.

(ii) Find the x-coordinates of the points of intersection of the graphs in the

domain 0 ≤ x ≤

2

π

.

(iii) Find the area enclosed by the graphs.

(9)

(b) Find the value of

x

x

x

d

4

1

0

∫

−

using the substitution x = 4 sin

2

θ.

(8)

(c) The increasing function f satisfies f(0) = 0 and f(a) = b, where a > 0 and b > 0.

(i) By reference to a sketch, show that

∫ ∫

−

− ·

b a

x x f ab x x f

0

1

0

d ) ( d ) (

.

(ii) Hence find the value of

x

x

d

4

arcsin

2

0

∫

,

_

¸

¸

.

(8)

(Total 25 marks)

59. The cumulative frequency graph below represents the weight in grams of 80 apples picked from a

particular tree.

(a) Estimate the

(i) median weight of the apples;

(ii) 30

th

percentile of the weight of the apples.

(2)

(b) Estimate the number of apples that weigh more than 110 grams.

(2)

(Total 4 marks)

60. Given ABC, with lengths shown in the diagram below, find the length of the Δ

line segment [CD].

diagram not to scale

(Total 5 marks)

61. The radius of the circle with centre C is 7 cm and the radius of the circle with centre D is 5 cm. If the

length of the chord [AB] is 9 cm, find the area of the shaded region enclosed by the two arcs AB.

(Total 7 marks)

62. The points P and Q lie on a circle, with centre O and radius 8 cm, such that

Q O

ˆ

P

= 59°.

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 17

Find the area of the shaded segment of the circle contained between the arc PQ and

the chord [PQ].

(Total 5 marks)

63. The vertices of an equilateral triangle, with perimeter P and area A, lie on a circle with radius r. Find an

expression for

A

P

in the form

r

k

, where k

∈

+

.

(Total 6 marks)

64. (a) Given that α > 1, use the substitution u =

x

1

to show that

u

u

x

x

d

1

1

d

1

1

1

1

2

1

2 ∫ ∫

+

·

+

α

α

.

(5)

(b) Hence show that arctan α + arctan

2

π 1

·

α

.

(2)

(Total 7 marks)

65. If x satisfies the equation

,

_

¸

¸

·

,

_

¸

¸

+

3

π

sin sin 2

3

π

sin x x

, show that 11 tan x = a + b

3

,

where a, b

∈

+

.

(Total 6 marks)

66. Throughout this question x satisfies 0 ≤ x <

2

π

.

(a) Solve the differential equation sec

2

x

2

d

d

y

x

y

− ·

, where y = 1 when x = 0.

Give your answer in the form y = f(x).

(7)

(b) (i) Prove that 1 ≤ sec x ≤ 1 + tan x.

(ii) Deduce that

2 ln

2

1

4

π

d sec

4

π

4

π

0

+ ≤ ≤

∫

x x

.

(8)

(Total 15 marks)

67. The graph below shows y = a cos (bx) + c.

Find the value of a, the value of b and the value of c.

(Total 4 marks)

68. In the right circular cone below, O is the centre of the base which has radius 6 cm.

The points B and C are on the circumference of the base of the cone. The height AO of the cone is 8 cm

and the angle

C O

ˆ

B

is 60°.

diagram not to scale

Calculate the size of the angle

C A

ˆ

B

.

(Total 6 marks)

69. Points A, B and C are on the circumference of a circle, centre O and radius r.

A trapezium OABC is formed such that AB is parallel to OC, and the angle

C O

ˆ

A

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 19

is θ,

2

π

≤ θ < π.

diagram not to scale

(a) Show that angle

C O

ˆ

B

is π – θ.

(3)

(b) Show that the area, T, of the trapezium can be expressed as

T =

θ θ 2 sin

2

1

sin

2

1

2 2

r r −

.

(3)

(c) (i) Show that when the area is maximum, the value of θ satisfies

cos θ = 2 cos 2θ.

(ii) Hence determine the maximum area of the trapezium when r = 1.

(Note: It is not required to prove that it is a maximum.)

(5)

(Total 11 marks)

70. Consider the triangle ABC where

C A

ˆ

B

= 70°, AB = 8 cm and AC = 7 cm. The point D on the side BC is

such that

DC

BD

= 2.

Determine the length of AD.

(Total 6 marks)

71. (a) Consider the set A = {1, 3, 5, 7} under the binary operation *, where * denotes multiplication

modulo 8.

(i) Write down the Cayley table for {A, *}.

(ii) Show that {A, *} is a group.

(iii) Find all solutions to the equation 3 * x * 7 = y. Give your answers in the

form (x, y).

(9)

(b) Now consider the set B = {1, 3, 5, 7, 9} under the binary operation

⊗

, where

⊗

denotes

multiplication modulo 10. Show that {B,

⊗

} is not a group.

(2)

(c) Another set C can be formed by removing an element from B so that {C,

⊗

} is a group.

(i) State which element has to be removed.

(ii) Determine whether or not {A, *} and {C,

⊗

} are isomorphic.

(3)

(Total 14 marks)

72. Consider the function f : x →

x arccos

4

π

−

.

(a) Find the largest possible domain of f.

(4)

(b) Determine an expression for the inverse function, f

–1

, and write down its domain.

(4)

(Total 8 marks)

73. Let α be the angle between the unit vectors a and b, where 0 ≤ α ≤ π.

(a) Express │a – b│ and │a + b│ in terms of α.

(3)

(b) Hence determine the value of cos α for which │a + b│ = 3│a – b│.

(2)

(Total 5 marks)

74. Triangle ABC has AB = 5cm, BC = 6 cm and area 10 cm

2

.

(a) Find

B

ˆ

sin

.

(2)

(b) Hence, find the two possible values of AC, giving your answers correct to two decimal places.

(4)

(Total 6 marks)

75. The diagram below shows a curve with equation y = 1 + k sin x, defined for 0 ≤ x ≤ 3π.

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 21

The point A

,

_

¸

¸

−2 ,

6

π

lies on the curve and B(a, b) is the maximum point.

(a) Show that k = –6.

(2)

(b) Hence, find the values of a and b.

(3)

(Total 5 marks)

76. (a) Show that

4

π

3

1

arctan

2

1

arctan ·

,

_

¸

¸

+

,

_

¸

¸

.

(2)

(b) Hence, or otherwise, find the value of arctan (2) + arctan (3).

(3)

(Total 5 marks)

77. The diagram below shows two straight lines intersecting at O and two circles, each with centre O. The

outer circle has radius R and the inner circle has radius r.

diagram not to scale

Consider the shaded regions with areas A and B. Given that A : B = 2 : 1, find the exact value of the ratio

R : r.

(Total 5 marks)

78. A triangle has sides of length (n

2

+ n + 1), (2n + 1) and (n

2

– 1) where n > 1.

(a) Explain why the side (n

2

+ n + 1) must be the longest side of the triangle.

(3)

(b) Show that the largest angle, θ, of the triangle is 120°.

(5)

(Total 8 marks)

79. Two non-intersecting circles C

1

, containing points M and S, and C

2

, containing points N and R, have

centres P and Q where PQ = 50. The line segments [MN] and [SR] are common tangents to the circles.

The size of the reflex angle MPS is α, the size of the obtuse angle NQR is β, and the size of the angle

MPQ is θ. The arc length MS is l

1

and the arc length NR is l

2

. This information is represented in the

diagram below.

The radius of C

1

is x, where x ≥ 10 and the radius of C

2

is 10.

(a) Explain why x < 40.

(1)

(b) Show that cos θ =

50

10 − x

.

(2)

(c) (i) Find an expression for MN in terms of x.

(ii) Find the value of x that maximises MN.

(2)

(d) Find an expression in terms of x for

(i) α;

(ii) β.

(4)

(e) The length of the perimeter is given by l

1

+ l

2

+ MN + SR.

(i) Find an expression, b(x), for the length of the perimeter in terms of x.

(ii) Find the maximum value of the length of the perimeter.

(iii) Find the value of x that gives a perimeter of length 200.

(9)

(Total 18 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 23

80. The diagram below shows two concentric circles with centre O and radii 2 cm and 4 cm.

The points P and Q lie on the larger circle and

Q O

ˆ

P

= x, where 0 < x <

2

π

.

(a) Show that the area of the shaded region is 8 sin x – 2x.

(3)

(b) Find the maximum area of the shaded region.

(4)

(Total 7 marks)

81. In triangle ABC, AB = 9 cm, AC =12 cm, and

B

ˆ

is twice the size of

C

ˆ

.

Find the cosine of

C

ˆ

.

(Total 5 marks)

82. In the diagram below, AD is perpendicular to BC.

CD = 4, BD = 2 and AD = 3.

D A

ˆ

C

= α and

D A

ˆ

B

= β.

Find the exact value of cos (α − β).

(Total 6 marks)

83. The diagram below shows the boundary of the cross-section of a water channel.

The equation that represents this boundary is y = 16 sec

,

_

¸

¸ π

36

x

– 32 where x and y are both measured in

cm.

The top of the channel is level with the ground and has a width of 24 cm. The maximum depth of the

channel is 16 cm.

Find the width of the water surface in the channel when the water depth is 10 cm. Give your answer in

the form a arccos b where a, b∈ .

(Total 6 marks)

84. In triangle ABC, BC = a, AC = b, AB = c and [BD] is perpendicular to [AC].

(a) Show that CD = b − c cos A.

(1)

(b) Hence, by using Pythagoras’ Theorem in the triangle BCD, prove the cosine rule for the triangle

ABC.

(4)

(c) If

C B

ˆ

A

= 60°, use the cosine rule to show that c =

2 2

4

3

2

1

a b a − t

.

(7)

(Total 12 marks)

85.

The above three dimensional diagram shows the points P and Q which are respectively west and south-

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 25

west of the base R of a vertical flagpole RS on horizontal ground. The angles of elevation of the top S of

the flagpole from P and Q are respectively 35° and 40°, and PQ = 20 m.

Determine the height of the flagpole.

(Total 8 marks)

86. The depth, h (t) metres, of water at the entrance to a harbour at t hours after midnight on a particular day

is given by

h (t) = 8 + 4 sin

. 24 0 ,

6

≤ ≤

,

_

¸

¸ π

t

t

(a) Find the maximum depth and the minimum depth of the water.

(3)

(b) Find the values of t for which h (t) ≥ 8.

(3)

(Total 6 marks)

87. Consider triangle ABC with

C A

ˆ

B

= 37.8°, AB = 8.75 and BC = 6.

Find AC.

(Total 7 marks)

88. (a) Sketch the curve f(x) = sin 2x, 0 ≤ x ≤ π.

(2)

(b) Hence sketch on a separate diagram the graph of g(x) = csc 2x, 0 ≤ x ≤ π, clearly stating the

coordinates of any local maximum or minimum points and the equations of any

asymptotes.

(5)

(c) Show that tan x + cot x ≡ 2 csc 2x.

(3)

(d) Hence or otherwise, find the coordinates of the local maximum and local minimum points on the

graph of y = tan 2x + cot 2x, 0 ≤ x ≤

2

π

.

(5)

(e) Find the solution of the equation csc 2x = 1.5 tan x – 0.5, 0 ≤ x ≤

2

π

.

(6)

(Total 21 marks)

89. In a triangle ABC,

A

ˆ

= 35°, BC = 4 cm and AC = 6.5 cm. Find the possible values of

B

ˆ

and the

corresponding values of AB.

(Total 7 marks)

90. Solve sin 2x =

2

cos x, 0 ≤ x ≤ π.

(Total 6 marks)

91. The obtuse angle B is such that tan B =

12

5

−

. Find the values of

(a) sin B;

(1)

(b) cos B;

(1)

(c) sin 2B;

(2)

(d0 cos 2B.

(2)

(Total 6 marks)

92. Given that tan 2θ =

4

3

, find the possible values of tan θ.

(Total 5 marks)

93. Let sin x = s.

(a) Show that the equation 4 cos 2x + 3 sin x cosec

3

x + 6 = 0 can be expressed as

8s

4

– 10s

2

+ 3 = 0.

(3)

(b) Hence solve the equation for x, in the interval [0, π].

(6)

(Total 9 marks)

94. (a) If sin (x – α) = k sin (x + α) express tan x in terms of k and . α

(3)

(b) Hence find the values of x between 0° and 360° when k =

2

1

and α = 210°.

(6)

(Total 9 marks)

95. The angle θ satisfies the equation 2 tan

2

θ – 5 sec θ – 10 = 0, where θ is in the second quadrant. Find the

value of sec θ.

(Total 6 marks)

96. The lengths of the sides of a triangle ABC are x – 2, x and x + 2. The largest angle is 120°.

(a) Find the value of x.

(6)

(b) Show that the area of the triangle is

4

3 15

.

(3)

(c) Find sin A + sin B + sin C giving your answer in the form

r

q p

where p, q, r

∈

.

(4)

(Total 13 marks)

97. A farmer owns a triangular field ABC. The side [AC] is 104 m, the side [AB] is 65 m and the angle

between these two sides is 60°.

(a) Calculate the length of the third side of the field.

(3)

(b) Find the area of the field in the form

3 p

, where p is an integer.

(3)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 27

Let D be a point on [BC] such that [AD] bisects the 60° angle. The farmer divides the field into two parts

by constructing a straight fence [AD] of length x metres.

(c) (i) Show that the area o the smaller part is given by

4

65x

and find an expression

for the area of the larger part.

(ii) Hence, find the value of x in the form

3 q

, where q is an integer.

(8)

(d) Prove that

8

5

DC

BD

·

.

(6)

(Total 20 marks)

98. Consider the functions given below.

f(x) = 2x + 3

g(x) =

x

1

, x ≠ 0

(a) (i) Find (g ○ f)(x) and write down the domain of the function.

(ii) Find (f ○ g)(x) and write down the domain of the function.

(2)

(b) Find the coordinates of the point where the graph of y = f(x) and the graph of

y = (g

–1

○ f ○ g)(x) intersect.

(4)

(Total 6 marks)

99. The diagram below shows the graph of the function y = f(x), defined for all x

∈

,

where b > a > 0.

Consider the function g(x) =

b a x f − − ) (

1

.

(a) Find the largest possible domain of the function g.

(2)

(b) On the axes below, sketch the graph of y = g(x). On the graph, indicate any asymptotes and local

maxima or minima, and write down their equations and coordinates.

(6)

(Total 8 marks)

100. The quadratic function f(x) = p + qx – x

2

has a maximum value of 5 when x = 3.

(a) Find the value of p and the value of q.

(4)

(b) The graph of f(x) is translated 3 units in the positive direction parallel to the x-axis. Determine the

equation of the new graph.

(2)

(Total 6 marks)

101. The diagram shows the graph of y = f(x). The graph has a horizontal asymptote at y = 2.

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 29

(a) Sketch the graph of y =

) (

1

x f

.

(3)

(b) Sketch the graph of y = x f(x).

(3)

(Total 6 marks)

102. A function is defined by h(x) = 2e

x

∈ − x

x

,

e

1

. Find an expression for h

–1

(x).

(Total 6 marks)

103. The function f(x) = 4x

3

+ 2ax – 7a, a

∈

leaves a remainder of –10 when divided

by (x – a).

(a) Find the value of a.

(3)

(b) Show that for this value of a there is a unique real solution to the equation f(x) = 0.

(2)

(Total 5 marks)

104. Sketch the graph of f(x) = x +

9

8

2

− x

x

. Clearly mark the coordinates of the two maximum points and the

two minimum points. Clearly mark and state the equations of the vertical asymptotes and the oblique

asymptote.

(Total 7 marks)

105. Given that Ax

3

+ Bx

2

+ x + 6 is exactly divisible by (x + 1)(x – 2), find the value of A

and the value of B.

(Total 5 marks)

106. Shown below are the graphs of y = f(x) and y = g(x).

If (f

°

g)(x) = 3, find all possible values of x.

(Total 4 marks)

107. Solve the equation 4

x–1

= 2

x

+ 8.

(Total 5 marks)

108. The graph of y =

cx b

x a

+

+

is drawn below.

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 31

(a) Find the value of a, the value of b and the value of c.

(4)

(b) Using the values of a, b and c found in part (a), sketch the graph of y =

x a

cx b

+

+

on the axes below, showing clearly all intercepts and asymptotes.

(4)

(Total 8 marks)

109. (a) Express the quadratic 3x

2

– 6x + 5 in the form a(x + b)

2

+ c, where a, b, c

∈

.

(3)

(b) Describe a sequence of transformations that transforms the graph of y = x

2

to the graph of y = 3x

2

–

6x + 5.

(3)

(Total 6 marks)

110. A function f is defined by f(x) =

1

3 2

−

−

x

x

, x ≠ 1.

(a) Find an expression for f

–1

(x).

(3)

(b) Solve the equation │f

–1

(x)│ = 1 + f

–1

(x).

(3)

(Total 6 marks)

111. Let f(x) =

x

x

−

−

4

4

2

.

(a) State the largest possible domain for f.

(2)

(b) Solve the inequality f(x) ≥ 1.

(4)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 33

(Total 6 marks)

112. (a) Find the solution of the equation

ln 2

4x–1

= ln 8

x+5

+ log

2

16

1–2x

,

expressing your answer in terms of ln 2.

(4)

(b) Using this value of x, find the value of a for which log

a

x = 2, giving your answer to three decimal

places.

(2)

(Total 6 marks)

113. The function f is defined by

f(x) =

2

1

2 3

) 10 3 6 ( − + + x x x

, for x

∈

D,

where D

⊆

is the greatest possible domain of f.

(a) Find the roots of f(x) = 0.

(2)

(b) Hence specify the set D.

(2)

(c) Find the coordinates of the local maximum on the graph y = f(x).

(2)

(d) Solve the equation f(x) = 3.

(2)

(e) Sketch the graph of │y│= f(x), for x

∈

D.

(3)

(f) Find the area of the region completely enclosed by the graph of │y│ = f(x).

(3)

(Total 14 marks)

114. The functions f, g and h are defined by

f(x) = 1 + e

x

, for x

∈

,

g(x) =

x

1

, for x

∈

/ {0},

h(x) = sec x, for x

∈

/

¹

'

¹

∈

+

n

n

π,

2

1 2

¹

;

¹

.

(a) Determine the range of the composite function g ○ f.

(3)

(b) Determine the inverse of the function g ○ f, clearly stating the domain.

(4)

(c) (i) Show that the function y = (f ○ g ○ h)(x) satisfies the differential equation

x

y

d

d

= (1 – y) sin x.

(ii) Hence, or otherwise, find

∫

x x y d sin

, as a function of x.

(iii) You are given that the domain of y = (f ○ g ○ h)(x) can be extended to the whole real axis.

That part of the graph of y = (f ○ g ○ h)(x), between its maximum at x = 0 and its first

minimum for positive x, is rotated by 2π about the y-axis. Calculate the volume of the

solid generated.

(14)

(Total 21 marks)

115. Find the set of values of x for which │x – 1│>│2x – 1│.

(Total 4 marks)

116. The diagram shows the graphs of a linear function f and a quadratic function g.

On the same axes sketch the graph of

g

f

. Indicate clearly where the x-intercept and the asymptotes occur.

(Total 5 marks)

117. Let g(x) = log

5

│2log

3

x│. Find the product of the zeros of g.

(Total 5 marks)

118. (a) Let a > 0. Draw the graph of y =

2

a

x −

for –a ≤ x ≤ a on the grid below.

(2)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 35

(b) Find k such that

x

a

x k x

a

x

a

a

d

2

d

2

0

0

∫ ∫

− · −

−

.

(5)

(Total 7 marks)

119. Let f be a function defined by f(x) = x – arctan x, x

∈

.

(a) Find f(1) and f(

3 −

).

(2)

(b) Show that f(–x) = –f(x), for x

∈

.

(2)

(c) Show that x –

2

π

) (

2

π

+ < < x x f

, for x

∈

.

(2)

(d) Find expressions for f′(x) and f″(x). Hence describe the behaviour of the graph of f at the origin and

justify your answer.

(8)

(e) Sketch a graph of f, showing clearly the asymptotes.

(3)

(f) Justify that the inverse of f is defined for all x

∈

and sketch its graph.

(3)

(Total 20 marks)

120. When the function q(x) = x

3

+ kx

2

– 7x + 3 is divided by (x + 1) the remainder is seven times the

remainder that is found when the function is divided by (x + 2).

Find the value of k.

(Total 5 marks)

121. A function is defined as f(x) =

x k

, with k > 0 and x ≥ 0.

(a) Sketch the graph of y = f(x).

(1)

(b) Show that f is a one-to-one function.

(1)

(c) Find the inverse function, f

–1

(x) and state its domain.

(3)

(d) If the graphs of y = f(x) and y = f

–1

(x) intersect at the point (4, 4) find the value of k.

(2)

(e) Consider the graphs of y = f(x) and y = f

–1

(x) using the value of k found in part (d).

(i) Find the area enclosed by the two graphs.

(ii) The line x = c cuts the graphs of y = f(x) and y = f

–1

(x) at the points P and Q respectively.

Given that the tangent to y = f(x) at point P is parallel to the tangent to y = f

–1

(x) at point Q

find the value of c.

(9)

(Total 16 marks)

122. Let f(x) =

x

x

+

−

1

1

and g(x) =

1 + x

, x > – 1.

Find the set of values of x for which f ′(x) ≤ f(x) ≤ g(x).

(Total 7 marks)

123. Let f be a function defined by f(x) = x + 2 cos x, x

∈

[0, 2π]. The diagram below shows a region

S bound by the graph of f and the line y = x.

A and C are the points of intersection of the line y = x and the graph of f, and B is the minimum point of f.

(a) If A, B and C have x-coordinates

2

π

and

6

π

,

2

π

c b a

, where a, b, c

∈

, find the values of a, b and

c.

(4)

(b) Find the range of f.

(3)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 37

(c) Find the equation of the normal to the graph of f at the point C, giving your answer in the form y =

px + q.

(5)

(d) The region S is rotated through 2π about the x-axis to generate a solid.

(i) Write down an integral that represents the volume V of this solid.

(ii) Show that V = 6π

2

.

(7)

(Total 19 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 39

124. (a) The graph of y = ln(x) is transformed into the graph of y = ln(2x + 1).

Describe two transformations that are required to do this.

(2)

(b) Solve ln(2x + 1) > 3 cos (x), x

∈

[0, 10].

(4)

(Total 6 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 41

125. The cubic curve y = 8x

3

+ bx

2

+ cx + d has two distinct points P and Q, where the gradient is zero.

(a) Show that b

2

> 24c.

(4)

(b) Given that the coordinates of P and Q are

,

_

¸

¸

−

,

_

¸

¸

− 20 ,

2

3

and 12 ,

2

1

, respectively, find the values of

b, c and d.

(4)

(Total 8 marks)

126. When 3x

5

– ax + b is divided by x – 1 and x + 1 the remainders are equal. Given that a, b

∈

, find

(a) the value of a;

(4)

(b) the set of values of b.

(1)

(Total 5 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 43

127. Consider the function f, where f(x) = arcsin (ln x).

(a) Find the domain of f.

(3)

(b) Find f

–1

(x).

(3)

(Total 6 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 45

128. The real root of the equation x

3

– x + 4 = 0 is –1.796 to three decimal places.

Determine the real root for each of the following.

(a) (x – 1)

3

– (x – 1) + 4 = 0

(2)

(b) 8x

3

– 2x + 4 = 0

(3)

(Total 5 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 47

129. A tangent to the graph of y = ln x passes through the origin.

(a) Sketch the graphs of y = ln x and the tangent on the same set of axes, and hence find the equation

of the tangent.

(11)

(b) Use your sketch to explain why ln x ≤

e

x

for x > 0.

(1)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 49

(c) Show that x

e

≤ e

x

for x > 0.

(3)

(d) Determine which is larger, π

e

or e

π

.

(2)

(Total 17 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 51

130. Find the values of k such that the equation x

3

+ x

2

– x + 2 = k has three distinct real solutions.

(Total 5 marks)

131. Consider the function g, where g(x) =

2

5

3

x

x

+

.

(a) Given that the domain of g is x ≥ a, find the least value of a such that g has an inverse function.

(1)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 53

(b) On the same set of axes, sketch

(i) the graph of g for this value of a;

(ii) the corresponding inverse, g

–1

.

(4)

(c) Find an expression for g

–1

(x).

(3)

(Total 8 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 55

132. The functions f and g are defined as:

f (x) =

, e

2

x

x ≥ 0

g (x) =

. 3 ,

3

1

− ≠

+

x

x

(a) Find h (x) where h (x) = g ◦ f (x).

(2)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 57

(b) State the domain of h

−1

(x).

(2)

(c) Find h

−1

(x).

(4)

(Total 8 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 59

133. The polynomial P(x) = x

3

+ ax

2

+ bx + 2 is divisible by (x +1) and by (x − 2).

Find the value of a and of b, where a, b∈ .

(Total 6 marks)

134. Let f (x) =

2 ,

2

4

− ≠

+

x

x

and g (x) = x − 1.

If h = g ◦ f, find

(a) h (x);

(2)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 61

(b) h

−1

(x), where h

−1

is the inverse of h.

(4)

(Total 6 marks)

135. (a) Sketch the curve f (x) = ¦ 1 + 3 sin (2x)¦ , for 0 ≤ x ≤ π. Write down on the graph the values

of the x and y intercepts.

(4)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 63

(b) By adding one suitable line to your sketch, find the number of solutions to the

equation

π f (x) = 4(π − x).

(2)

(Total 6 marks)

136. A system of equations is given by

cos x + cos y = 1.2

sin x + sin y = 1.4.

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 65

(a) For each equation express y in terms of x.

(2)

(b) Hence solve the system for 0 < x < π, 0 < y < π.

(4)

(Total 6 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 67

137. The graph of y = f (x) for −2 ≤ x ≤ 8 is shown.

On the set of axes provided, sketch the graph of y =

( )

,

1

x f

clearly showing any asymptotes and

indicating the coordinates of any local maxima or minima.

(Total 5 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 69

138. Find the set of values of x for which

. log 3 2 1 . 0

10

2

x x x < + −

(Total 6 marks)

139. When f(x) = x

4

+ 3x

3

+ px

2

– 2x + q is divided by (x – 2) the remainder is 15,

and (x + 3) is a factor of f(x).

Find the values of p and q.

(Total 6 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 71

140. (a) Sketch the curve y = │ln x│ – │cos x│ – 0.1, 0 < x < 4 showing clearly the coordinates of

the points of intersection with the x-axis and the coordinates of any local maxima and minima.

(5)

(b) Find the values of x for which │ln x│ > │cos x│ + 0.1, 0 < x < 4.

(2)

(Total 7 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 73

141. The function f is defined by f(x) =

,

_

¸

¸

+ −

3

arcsin 2 9

2

x

x x

.

(a) Write down the largest possible domain, for each of the two terms of the function, f, and hence

state the largest possible domain, D, for f.

(2)

(b) Find the volume generated when the region bounded by the curve y = f(x), the x-axis, the y-axis and

the line x = 2.8 is rotated through 2π radians about the x-axis.

(3)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 75

(c) Find f′(x) in simplified form.

(5)

(d) Hence show that

,

_

¸

¸

+ − ·

−

−

∫

−

3

arcsin 4 9 2 d

9

2 11

2

2

2

p

p p x

x

x

p

p

, where p

∈

D.

(2)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 77

(e) Find the value of p that maximises the value of the integral in (d).

(2)

(f) (i) Show that f″(x) =

2

3

2

2

) 9 (

) 25 2 (

x

x x

−

−

.

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 79

(ii) Hence justify that f(x) has a point of inflexion at x = 0, but not at x =

2

25

t

.

(7)

(Total 21 marks)

142. Find all values of x that satisfy the inequality

1

1

2

<

− x

x

.

(Total 5 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 81

143. The polynomial f(x) = x

3

+ 3x

2

+ ax + b leaves the same remainder when divided by (x – 2) as when

divided by (x +1). Find the value of a.

(Total 6 marks)

144. The functions f and g are defined by f : x

e

x

, g : x

x + 2.

Calculate

(a) f

–1

(3) × g

–1

(3);

(3)

(b) (f ○ g)

–1

(3).

(3)

(Total 6 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 83

145. Let f(x) =

1

4

+

+

x

x

, x ≠ –1 and g(x) =

4

2

−

−

x

x

, x ≠ 4. Find the set of values of x such that f (x) ≤ g(x).

(Total 6 marks)

146. (a) Write down the expansion of (cos θ + i sin θ)

3

in the form a + ib, where a and b are in terms

of sin θ and cos θ.

(2)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 85

(b) Hence show that cos 3θ = 4 cos

3

θ – 3 cos θ.

(3)

(c) Similarly show that cos 5θ = 16 cos

5

θ – 20 cos

3

θ + 5 cos θ.

(3)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 87

(d) Hence solve the equation cos 5θ + cos 3θ + cos θ = 0, where θ

1

]

1

¸

− ∈

2

π

,

2

π

.

(6)

(e) By considering the solutions of the equation cos 5θ = 0, show that

8

5 5

10

π

cos

+

·

and state the value of

10

π 7

cos

.

(8)

(Total 22 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 89

147. The complex numbers z

1

= 2 – 2i and z

2

= 1 –

3 i

are represented by the points A and B respectively on

an Argand diagram. Given that O is the origin,

(a) find AB, giving your answer in the form

3 − b a

, where a, b

∈

+

;

(3)

(b) calculate

B O

ˆ

A

in terms of π.

(3)

(Total 6 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 91

148. An arithmetic sequence has first term a and common difference d, d ≠ 0.

The 3

rd

, 4

th

and 7

th

terms of the arithmetic sequence are the first three terms of a geometric sequence.

(a) Show that a =

d

2

3

−

.

(3)

(b) Show that the 4

th

term of the geometric sequence is the 16

th

term of the arithmetic sequence.

(5)

(Total 8 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 93

149. (a) Factorize z

3

+ 1 into a linear and quadratic factor.

(2)

Let γ =

2

3 i 1+

.

(b) (i) Show that γ is one of the cube roots of –1.

(ii) Show that γ

2

= γ – 1.

(iii) Hence find the value of (1 – γ)

6

.

(9)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 95

The matrix A is defined by A =

,

_

¸

¸

γ

γ

1

0

1

.

(c) Show that A

2

– A + I = 0, where 0 is the zero matrix.

(4)

(d) Deduce that

(i) A

3

= –I;

(ii) A

–1

= I – A.

(5)

(Total 20 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 97

150. (a) Write down the quadratic expression 2x

2

+ x – 3 as the product of two linear factors.

(1)

(b) Hence, or otherwise, find the coefficient of x in the expansion of (2x

2

+ x – 3)

8

.

(4)

(Total 5 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 99

151. Solve the following system of equations.

log

x+1

y = 2

log

y+1

x =

4

1

(Total 6 marks)

152. (a) Given that A =

,

_

¸

¸

− θ θ

θ θ

cos sin

sin cos

, show that A

2

=

,

_

¸

¸

− θ θ

θ θ

2 cos 2 sin

2 sin 2 cos

.

(3)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 101

(b) Prove by induction that

A

n

=

,

_

¸

¸

− θ θ

θ θ

n n

n n

cos sin

sin cos

, for all n

∈

+

.

(7)

(c) Given that A

–1

is the inverse of matrix A, show that the result in part (b) is true

where n = –1.

(3)

(Total 13 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 103

153. In the arithmetic series with n

th

term u

n

, it is given that u

4

= 7 and u

9

= 22.

Find the minimum value of n so that u

1

+ u

2

+ u

3

+ ... + u

n

> 10 000.

(Total 5 marks)

154. Prove by mathematical induction that, for n

∈

+

,

1 +

1

1 3 2

2

2

4

2

1

...

2

1

4

2

1

3

2

1

2

−

−

+

− ·

,

_

¸

¸

+ +

,

_

¸

¸

+

,

_

¸

¸

+

,

_

¸

¸

n

n

n

n

.

(Total 8 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 105

155. Two players, A and B, alternately throw a fair six–sided dice, with A starting, until one of them obtains a

six. Find the probability that A obtains the first six.

(Total 7 marks)

156. (a) Show that sin 2 nx = sin((2n + 1)x) cos x – cos((2n + 1)x) sin x.

(2)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 107

(b) Hence prove, by induction, that

cos x + cos 3x + cos 5x + ... + cos((2n – 1)x) =

x

nx

sin 2

2 sin

,

for all n

∈

+

, sin x ≠ 0.

(12)

(c) Solve the equation cos x + cos 3x =

2

1

, 0 < x < π.

(6)

(Total 20 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 109

157. (a) Consider the following sequence of equations.

1 × 2 =

3

1

(1 × 2 × 3),

1 × 2 + 2 × 3 =

3

1

(2 × 3 × 4),

1 × 2 + 2 × 3 + 3 × 4 =

3

1

(3 × 4 × 5),

.... .

(i) Formulate a conjecture for the n

th

equation in the sequence.

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 111

(ii) Verify your conjecture for n = 4.

(2)

(b) A sequence of numbers has the n

th

term given by u

n

= 2

n

+ 3, n

∈

+

. Bill conjectures that all

members of the sequence are prime numbers. Show that Bill’s conjecture is false.

(2)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 113

(c) Use mathematical induction to prove that 5 × 7

n

+ 1 is divisible by 6 for all n

∈

+

.

(6)

(Total 10 marks)

158. Consider ω =

,

_

¸

¸

+

,

_

¸

¸

3

2π

sin i

3

π 2

cos

.

(a) Show that

(i) ω

3

= 1;

(ii) 1 + ω + ω

2

= 0.

(5)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 115

(b) (i) Deduce that e

iθ

+

,

_

¸

¸

+

,

_

¸

¸

+

+

3

π 4

i

3

π 2

i

e e

θ θ

= 0.

(ii) Illustrate this result for θ =

2

π

on an Argand diagram.

(4)

(c) (i) Expand and simplify F(z) = (z – 1)(z – ω)(z – ω

2

) where z is a complex number.

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 117

(ii) Solve F(z) = 7, giving your answers in terms of ω.

(7)

(Total 16 marks)

159. (a) Solve the equation z

3

= –2 + 2i, giving your answers in modulus–argument form.

(6)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 119

(b) Hence show that one of the solutions is 1 + i when written in Cartesian form.

(1)

(Total 7 marks)

160. Find the sum of all three-digit natural numbers that are not exactly divisible by 3.

(Total 5 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 121

161. Three Mathematics books, five English books, four Science books and a dictionary are to be placed on a

student’s shelf so that the books of each subject remain together.

(a) In how many different ways can the books be arranged?

(4)

(b) In how many of these will the dictionary be next to the Mathematics books?

(3)

(Total 7 marks)

162. Consider the arithmetic sequence 8, 26, 44, ....

(a) Find an expression for the n

th

term.

(1)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 123

(b) Write down the sum of the first n terms using sigma notation.

(1)

(c) Calculate the sum of the first 15 terms.

(2)

(Total 4 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 125

163. (a) Simplify the difference of binomial coefficients

,

_

¸

¸

−

,

_

¸

¸

2

2

3

n n

, where n ≥ 3.

(4)

(b) Hence, solve the inequality

,

_

¸

¸

−

,

_

¸

¸

2

2

3

n n

> 32n, where n ≥ 3.

(2)

(Total 6 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 127

164. Given that z = cosθ + i sin θ show that

(a) Im

∈ ·

,

_

¸

¸

+ n

z

z

n

n

, 0

1

+

;

(2)

(b) Re

,

_

¸

¸

+

−

1

1

z

z

= 0, z ≠ –1.

(5)

(Total 7 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 129

165. The interior of a circle of radius 2 cm is divided into an infinite number of sectors.

The areas of these sectors form a geometric sequence with common ratio k. The angle of the first sector is

θ radians.

(a) Show that θ = 2π(1 – k).

(5)

(b) The perimeter of the third sector is half the perimeter of the first sector.

Find the value of k and of θ.

(7)

(Total 12 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 131

166. Expand and simplify

4

2

2

,

_

¸

¸

−

x

x

.

(Total 4 marks)

167. The mean of the first ten terms of an arithmetic sequence is 6. The mean of the first twenty terms of the

arithmetic sequence is 16. Find the value of the 15

th

term of the sequence.

(Total 6 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 133

168. The sum, S

n

, of the first n terms of a geometric sequence, whose n

th

term is u

n

, is given by

S

n

=

n

n n

a

7

7 −

, where a > 0.

(a) Find an expression for u

n

.

(2)

(b) Find the first term and common ratio of the sequence.

(4)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 135

(c) Consider the sum to infinity of the sequence.

(i) Determine the values of a such that the sum to infinity exists.

(ii) Find the sum to infinity when it exists.

(2)

(Total 8 marks)

169. Consider the complex number ω =

2

i

+

+

z

z

, where z = x + iy and i =

1 −

.

(a) If ω = i, determine z in the form z = r cis θ.

(6)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 137

(b) Prove that ω =

2 2

2 2

) 2 (

) 2 2 i( ) 2 (

y x

y x y y x x

+ +

+ + + + + +

.

(3)

(c) Hence show that when Re(ω) = 1 the points (x, y) lie on a straight line, l

1

, and write down its

gradient.

(4)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 139

(d) Given arg (z) = arg(ω) =

4

π

, find │z│.

(6)

(Total 19 marks)

170. (a) A particle P moves in a straight line with displacement relative to origin given by

s = 2 sin (πt) + sin(2πt), t ≥ 0,

where t is the time in seconds and the displacement is measured in centimetres.

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 141

(i) Write down the period of the function s.

(ii) Find expressions for the velocity, v, and the acceleration, a, of P.

(iii) Determine all the solutions of the equation v = 0 for 0 ≤ t ≤ 4.

(10)

(b) Consider the function

f(x) = A sin (ax) + B sin (bx), A, a, B, b, x

∈

.

Use mathematical induction to prove that the (2n)

th

derivative of f is given by

f

(2n)

(x) = (–1)

n

(Aa

2n

sin (ax) + Bb

2n

sin (bx)), for all n

∈

+

.

(8)

(Total 18 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 143

171. Solve the equations

1 ln ·

y

x

ln x

3

+ ln y

2

= 5.

(Total 5 marks)

172. Consider the polynomial p(x) = x

4

+ ax

3

+ bx

2

+ cx + d, where a, b, c, d

∈

.

Given that 1 + i and 1 – 2i are zeros of p(x), find the values of a, b, c and d.

(Total 7 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 145

173. Consider the complex numbers z = 1 + 2i and w = 2 +ai, where a

∈

.

Find a when

(a) │w│ = 2│z│;

(3)

(b) Re (zw) = 2 Im(zw).

(3)

(Total 6 marks)

174. The diagram below shows a solid with volume V, obtained from a cube with edge a > 1 when a smaller

cube with edge

a

1

is removed.

diagram not to scale

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 147

Let x =

a

a

1

−

.

(a) Find V in terms of x.

(4)

(b) Hence or otherwise, show that the only value of a for which V = 4x is a =

2

5 1+

.

(4)

(Total 8 marks)

175. (a) Consider the set of numbers a, 2a, 3a, ..., na where a and n are positive integers.

(i) Show that the expression for the mean of this set is

2

) 1 ( + n a

.

(ii) Let a = 4. Find the minimum value of n for which the sum of these numbers exceeds its

mean by more than 100.

(6)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 149

(b) Consider now the set of numbers x

1

, ... , x

m

, y

1

, ... , y

1

, ... , y

n

where x

i

= 0 for i = 1, ... , m and y

i

= 1

for i = 1, ... , n.

(i) Show that the mean M of this set is given by

n m

n

+

and the standard deviation

S by

n m

mn

+

.

(ii) Given that M = S, find the value of the median.

(11)

(Total 17 marks)

176. If z is a non-zero complex number, we define L(z) by the equation

L(z) = ln│z│ + i arg (z), 0 ≤ arg (z) < 2π.

(a) Show that when z is a positive real number, L(z) = ln z.

(2)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 151

(b) Use the equation to calculate

(i) L(–1);

(ii) L(1 – i);

(iii) L(–1 + i).

(5)

(c) Hence show that the property L(z

1

z

2

) = L(z

1

) + L(z

2

) does not hold for all values

of z

1

and z

2

.

(2)

(Total 9 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 153

177. Given that z

1

= 2 and z

2

= 1 +

3 i

are roots of the cubic equation z

3

+ bz

2

+ cz + d = 0

where b, c, d

∈

,

(a) write down the third root, z

3

, of the equation;

(1)

(b) find the values of b, c and d;

(4)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 155

(c) write z

2

and z

3

in the form re

iθ

.

(3)

(Total 8 marks)

178. Prove by mathematical induction

∈ − + ·

∑

·

n

r

n n r r

1

, 1 )! 1 ( ) ! (

+

.

(Total 8 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 157

179. The complex number z is defined as z = cos θ + i sin θ.

(a) State de Moivre’s theorem.

(1)

(b) Show that z

n

n

z

1

−

= 2i sin (nθ).

(3)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 159

(c) Use the binomial theorem to expand

5

1

,

_

¸

¸

−

z

z

giving your answer in simplified form.

(3)

(d) Hence show that 16 sin

5

θ = sin 5θ –5 sin 3θ + 10 sin θ.

(4)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 161

(e) Check that your result in part (d) is true for θ =

4

π

.

(4)

(f) Find

θ θ d sin

2

π

0

5

∫

.

(4)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 163

(g) Hence, with reference to graphs of circular functions, find

∫

2

π

0

5

d cos θ θ

, explaining your

reasoning.

(3)

(Total 22 marks)

180. (a) Show that the complex number i is a root of the equation

x

4

– 5x

3

+ 7x

2

– 5x + 6 = 0.

(2)

(b) Find the other roots of this equation.

(4)

(Total 6 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 165

181. Let A =

,

_

¸

¸

1 0 0

1 1 0

1 1 1

and B =

,

_

¸

¸

1 1 1

0 1 1

0 0 1

.

(a) Given that X = B – A

–1

and Y = B

–1

– A,

(i) find X and Y;

(ii) does X

–1

+ Y

–1

have an inverse? Justify your conclusion.

(5)

(b) Prove by induction that A

n

=

,

_

¸

¸ +

1 0 0

1 0

2

) 1 (

1

n

n n

n

, for n

∈

+

.

(7)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 167

(c) Given that (A

n

)

–1

=

,

_

¸

¸

1 0 0

1 0

1

x

y x

, for n

∈

+

,

(i) find x and y in terms of n,

(ii) and hence find an expression for A

n

+ (A

n

)

–1

.

(6)

(Total 18 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 169

182. Six people are to sit at a circular table. Two of the people are not to sit immediately beside each other.

Find the number of ways that the six people can be seated.

(Total 5 marks)

183. Consider the graphs y = e

–x

and y = e

–x

sin 4x, for 0 ≤ x ≤

4

π 5

.

(a) On the same set of axes draw, on graph paper, the graphs, for 0 ≤ x ≤

4

π 5

.

Use a scale of 1 cm to

8

π

on your x-axis and 5 cm to 1 unit on your y-axis.

(3)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 171

(b) Show that the x-intercepts of the graph y = e

–x

sin 4x are

4

π n

, n = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.

(3)

(c) Find the x-coordinates of the points at which the graph of y = e

–x

sin 4x meets the graph of y = e

–x

.

Give your answers in terms of π.

(3)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 173

(d) (i) Show that when the graph of y = e

–x

sin 4x meets the graph of y = e

–x

, their

gradients are equal.

(ii) Hence explain why these three meeting points are not local maxima of the

graph y = e

–x

sin 4x.

(6)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 175

(e) (i) Determine the y-coordinates, y

1

, y

2

and y

3

, where y

1

> y

2

> y

3

, of the local

maxima of y = e

–x

sin 4x for 0 ≤ x ≤

4

π 5

. You do not need to show that they are maximum

values, but the values should be simplified.

(ii) Show that y

1

, y

2

and y

3

form a geometric sequence and determine the common ratio r.

(7)

(Total 22 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 177

184. Find the values of n such that (1 +

3

i)

n

is a real number.

(Total 5 marks)

185. (a) The sum of the first six terms of an arithmetic series is 81. The sum of its first eleven terms

is 231. Find the first term and the common difference.

(6)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 179

(b) The sum of the first two terms of a geometric series is 1 and the sum of its first four terms is 5. If

all of its terms are positive, find the first term and the common ratio.

(5)

(c) The r

th

term of a new series is defined as the product of the r

th

term of the arithmetic series and the

r

th

term of the geometric series above. Show that the r

th

term of this new series is (r + 1)2

r–1

.

(3)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 181

(d) Using mathematical induction, prove that

∈ · +

∑

·

−

n n r

n

r

n r

, 2 2 ) 1 (

1

1

+

.

(7)

(Total 21 marks)

186. (a) Let z = x + iy be any non-zero complex number.

(i) Express

z

1

in the form u + iv.

(ii) If

∈ · + k k

z

z ,

1

, show that either y = 0 or x

2

+ y

2

= 1.

(iii) Show that if x

2

+ y

2

= 1 then │k│ ≤ 2.

(8)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 183

(b) Let w = cos θ + i sin θ.

(i) Show that w

n

+ w

–n

= 2cos nθ, n

∈

.

(ii) Solve the equation 3w

2

– w + 2 – w

–1

+ 3w

–2

= 0, giving the roots in the

form x + iy.

(14)

(Total 22 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 185

187. When

∈

,

_

¸

¸

+ n

x

n

,

2

1

, is expanded in ascending powers of x, the coefficient of x

3

is 70.

(a) Find the value of n.

(5)

(b) Hence, find the coefficient of x

2

.

(1)

(Total 6 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 187

188. Consider the equation z

3

+ az

2

+ bz + c = 0, where a, b, c

∈

. The points in the Argand diagram

representing the three roots of the equation form the vertices of a triangle whose area is 9. Given that one

root is –1 + 3i, find

(a) the other two roots;

(4)

(b) a, b and c.

(3)

(Total 7 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 189

189. Express

( )

3

3 i 1

1

−

in the form

b

a

where a, b∈ .

(Total 5 marks)

190. A circular disc is cut into twelve sectors whose areas are in an arithmetic sequence.

The angle of the largest sector is twice the angle of the smallest sector.

Find the size of the angle of the smallest sector.

(Total 5 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 191

191. The common ratio of the terms in a geometric series is 2

x

.

(a) State the set of values of x for which the sum to infinity of the series exists.

(2)

(b) If the first term of the series is 35, find the value of x for which the sum to infinity is 40.

(4)

(Total 6 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 193

192. The function f is defined by f (x) = x e

2x

.

It can be shown that f

(n)

(x) = (2

n

x + n 2

n−1

) e

2x

for all n∈

+

, where f

(n)

(x) represents the n

th

derivative

of f (x).

(a) By considering f

(n)

(x) for n =1 and n = 2, show that there is one minimum point P on the graph of

f, and find the coordinates of P.

(7)

(b) Show that f has a point of inflexion Q at x = −1.

(5)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 195

(c) Determine the intervals on the domain of f where f is

(i) concave up;

(ii) concave down.

(2)

(d) Sketch f, clearly showing any intercepts, asymptotes and the points P and Q.

(4)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 197

(e) Use mathematical induction to prove that f

(n)

(x) = (2

n

x + n2

n−1

) e

2x

for all n∈

+

, where f

(n)

(x)

represents the n

th

derivative of f (x).

(9)

(Total 27 marks)

193. (a) Find the sum of the infinite geometric sequence 27, −9, 3, −1, ... .

(3)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 199

(b) Use mathematical induction to prove that for n∈

+

,

a + ar + ar

2

+ ... + ar

n–1

=

( )

.

1

1

r

r a

n

−

−

(7)

(Total 10 marks)

194. Let w = cos

.

5

2

sin i

5

2 π

+

π

(a) Show that w is a root of the equation z

5

− 1 = 0.

(3)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 201

(b) Show that (w − 1) (w

4

+ w

3

+ w

2

+ w + 1) = w

5

− 1 and deduce that

w

4

+ w

3

+ w

2

+ w + 1 = 0.

(3)

(c) Hence show that cos

.

2

1

5

4

cos

5

2

− ·

π

+

π

(6)

(Total 12 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 203

195. Determine the first three terms in the expansion of (1− 2x)

5

(1+ x)

7

in ascending powers of x.

(Total 5 marks)

196. Find, in its simplest form, the argument of (sinθ + i (1− cosθ ))

2

where θ is an acute angle.

(Total 7 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 205

197. z

1

=

( )

m

3 i 1+

and z

2

=

( ) . i 1

n

−

(a) Find the modulus and argument of z

1

and z

2

in terms of m and n, respectively.

(6)

(b) Hence, find the smallest positive integers m and n such that z

1

= z

2

.

(8)

(Total 14 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 207

198. Consider w =

1

2

+ z

z

where z = x + iy, y ≠ 0 and z

2

+ 1 ≠ 0.

Given that Im w = 0, show that

z

= 1.

(Total 7 marks)

199. Let M

2

= M where M =

. 0 , ≠

,

_

¸

¸

bc

d c

b a

(a) (i) Show that a + d = 1.

(ii) Find an expression for bc in terms of a.

(5)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 209

(b) Hence show that M is a singular matrix.

(3)

(c) If all of the elements of M are positive, find the range of possible values for a.

(3)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 211

(d) Show that (I − M)

2

= I − M where I is the identity matrix.

(3)

(e) Prove by mathematical induction that (I − M)

n

= I − M for n∈

+

.

(6)

(Total 20 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 213

200. (a) The independent random variables X and Y have Poisson distributions and Z = X + Y. The

means of X and Y are λ and µ respectively. By using the identity

( ) ( ) ( )

∑

·

− · · · ·

n

k

k n Y k X n Z

0

P P P

show that Z has a Poisson distribution with mean (λ + µ).

(6)

(b) Given that U

1

, U

2

, U

3

, … are independent Poisson random variables each having mean m, use

mathematical induction together with the result in (a) to show that

∑

·

n

r

r

U

1

has a Poisson

distribution with mean nm.

(6)

(Total 12 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 215

201. Write ln (x

2

– 1) – 2 ln(x + 1) + ln(x

2

+ x) as a single logarithm, in its simplest form.

(Total 5 marks)

202. An 81 metre rope is cut into n pieces of increasing lengths that form an arithmetic sequence with a

common difference of d metres. Given that the lengths of the shortest and longest pieces are 1.5 metres

and 7.5 metres respectively, find the values of n and d.

(Total 4 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 217

203. (a) Using mathematical induction, prove that

∈

,

_

¸

¸ −

·

,

_

¸

¸ −

n

n n

n n

n

,

cos sin

sin cos

cos sin

sin cos

θ θ

θ θ

θ θ

θ θ

+

.

(9)

(b) Show that the result holds true for n = –1.

(5)

(Total 14 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 219

204. (a) Use de Moivre’s theorem to find the roots of the equation z

4

= 1 – i.

(6)

(b) Draw these roots on an Argand diagram.

(2)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 221

(c) If z

1

is the root in the first quadrant and z

2

is the root in the second quadrant, find

1

2

z

z

in the form a

+ ib.

(4)

(Total 12 marks)

205. (a) Expand and simplify (x – 1)(x

4

+ x

3

+ x

2

+ x + 1).

(2)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 223

(b) Given that b is a root of the equation z

5

–1 = 0 which does not lie on the real axis in the Argand

diagram, show that 1 + b + b

2

+ b

3

+ b

4

= 0.

(3)

(c) If u = b + b

4

and v = b

2

+ b

3

show that

(i) u + v = uv = –1;

(ii) u – v =

5

, given that u – v > 0.

(8)

(Total 13 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 225

206. A geometric sequence has a first term of 2 and a common ratio of 1.05. Find the value of the smallest

term that is greater than 500.

(Total 5 marks)

207. There are six boys and five girls in a school tennis club. A team of two boys and two girls will be selected

to represent the school in a tennis competition.

(a) In how many different ways can the team be selected?

(3)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 227

(b) Tim is the youngest boy in the club and Anna is the youngest girl. In how many different ways can

the team be selected if it must include both of them?

(2)

(c) What is the probability that the team includes both Tim and Anna?

(1)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 229

(d) Fred is the oldest boy in the club. Given that Fred is selected for the team, what is the probability

that the team includes Tim or Anna, but not both?

(4)

(Total 10 marks)

208. Given that 4 ln 2 – 3ln 4 = –ln k, find the value of k.

(Total 5 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 231

209. Solve the equation log

3

(x + 17) – 2 = log

3

2x.

(Total 5 marks)

210. Solve the equation 2

2x+2

– 10 × 2

x

+ 4 = 0, x

∈

.

(Total 6 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 233

211. Given that (a + bi)

2

= 3 + 4i obtain a pair of simultaneous equations involving a and b. Hence find the

two square roots of 3 + 4i.

(Total 7 marks)

212. Given that 2 + i is a root of the equation x

3

– 6x

2

+ 13x – 10 = 0 find the other two roots.

(Total 5 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 235

213. Given that │z│ =

10

, solve the equation 5z +

*

10

z

= 6 – 18i, where z* is the conjugate of z.

(Total 7 marks)

214. Find the three cube roots of the complex number 8i. Give your answers in the form x + iy.

(Total 8 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 237

215. Solve the simultaneous equations

iz

1

+ 2z

2

= 3

z

1

+ (1 – i)z

2

= 4

giving z

1

and z

2

in the form x + iy, where x and y are real.

(Total 9 marks)

216. Find b where

i

10

9

10

7

i 1

i 2

+ ·

−

+

b

b

.

(Total 6 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 239

217. Given that z = (b + i)

2

, where b is real and positive, find the value of b when arg z = 60°.

(Total 6 marks)

218. (a) Show that p = 2 is a solution to the equation p

3

+ p

2

– 5p – 2 = 0.

(2)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 241

(b) Find the values of a and b such that p

3

+ p

2

– 5p – 2 = (p – 2)(p

2

+ ap + b).

(4)

(c) Hence find the other two roots to the equation p

3

+ p

2

– 5p – 2 = 0.

(3)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 243

(d) An arithmetic sequence has p as its common difference. Also, a geometric sequence has p as its

common ratio. Both sequences have 1 as their first term.

(i) Write down, in terms of p, the first four terms of each sequence.

(ii) If the sum of the third and fourth terms of the arithmetic sequence is equal to the sum of the

third and fourth terms of the geometric sequence, find the three possible values of p.

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 245

(iii) For which value of p found in (d)(ii) does the sum to infinity of the terms of the geometric

sequence exist?

(iv) For the same value p, find the sum of the first 20 terms of the arithmetic sequence, writing

your answer in the form a +

c b

, where a, b, c

∈

.

(13)

(Total 22 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 247

219. Use mathematical induction to prove that 5

n

+ 9

n

+ 2 is divisible by 4, for n

∈

+

.

(Total 9 marks)

220. Consider the complex geometric series e

iθ

+

θ θ 3i 2i

e

4

1

e

2

1

+

+ ....

(a) Find an expression for z, the common ratio of this series.

(2)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 249

(b) Show that │z│ < 1.

(2)

(c) Write down an expression for the sum to infinity of this series.

(2)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 251

(d) (i) Express your answer to part (c) in terms of sin θ and cos . θ

(ii) Hence show that

cos θ +

2

1

cos 2θ +

4

1

cos 3θ + ... =

θ

θ

cos 4 5

2 cos 4

−

−

.

(10)

(Total 16 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 253

221. The roots of the equation z

2

+ 2z + 4 = 0 are denoted by α and β?

(a) Find α and β in the form re

iθ

.

(6)

(b) Given that α lies in the second quadrant of the Argand diagram, mark α and β on an Argand

diagram.

(2)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 255

(c) Use the principle of mathematical induction to prove De Moivre’s theorem, which states that cos

nθ + i sin nθ = (cos θ + i sin θ)

n

for n

∈

+

.

(8)

(d) Using De Moivre’s theorem find

2

3

β

α

in the form a + ib.

(4)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 257

(e) Using De Moivre’s theorem or otherwise, show that α

3

= β

3

.

(3)

(f) Find the exact value of * αβ + * βα where α* is the conjugate of α and * β is the conjugate of . β

(5)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 259

(g) Find the set of values of n for which α

n

is real.

(3)

(Total 31 marks)

222. A sum of $ 5000 is invested at a compound interest rate of 6.3 % per annum.

(a) Write down an expression for the value of the investment after n full years.

(1)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 261

(b) What will be the value of the investment at the end of five years?

(1)

(c) The value of the investment will exceed $10 000 after n full years.

(i) Write an inequality to represent this information.

(ii) Calculate the minimum value of n.

(4)

(Total 6 marks)

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition 263

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- Yo Mama`s Head So Small
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