SPECIMEN

Advanced GCE

F325 QP

CHEMISTRY A
Unit F325: Equilibria, Energetics and Elements
Specimen Paper

Time: 1 hour 45
minutes

Candidates answer on the question paper.

EN

Additional Materials:
Data Sheet for Chemistry (Inserted)
Scientific calculator

Candidate
Name

Candidate
Number

EC
IM

Centre
Number

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

Write your name, Centre number and Candidate number in the boxes above.

Answer all the questions.

Use blue or black ink. Pencil may be used for graphs and diagrams only.

Read each question carefully and make sure you know what you have
to do before starting your answer.

Do not write in the bar code.

Do not write outside the box bordering each page.

WRITE YOUR ANSWER TO EACH QUESTION IN THE SPACE

SP

FOR EXAMINER’S USE

PROVIDED.

Qu.

Max.

1

13

2

13

3

13

4

19

5

9

6

13

7

20

TOTAL

100

INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of
each question or part question. 

You will be awarded marks for the quality of written communication
where this is indicated in the question.

You may use a scientific calculator.

A copy of the Data Sheet for Chemistry is provided as an insert with
this question paper.

You are advised to show all the steps in any calculations.

The total number of marks for this paper is 100.

Mark

This document consists of 17 printed pages, 1 blank page, and a Data Sheet for Chemistry.
SP (SLM) T12103

© OCR 2007 QAN 500/2347/0

OCR is an exempt Charity

[Turn Over

2
Answer all the questions.

1 One cause of low-level smog is the reaction of ozone, O3, with ethene, C2H4. The smog contains
methanal, HCHO(g).
The equation for methanal production is shown below as equation 1.1.
O3(g) + C2H4(g) ⎯→ 2HCHO(g) + ½ O2(g)

The rate of the reaction was investigated, using a series of different concentrations of either
C2H4(g) or O3(g), by measuring the initial rate of formation of HCHO(g).
The results are shown below.
experiment

[O3(g)]
/ 10–7 mol dm–3

[C2H4(g)]
/ 10–8 mol dm–3

initial rate
/ 10–12 mol dm–3 s–1

0.5

1.0

1.0

2

2.0

1.0

4.0

3

4.0

2.0

16.0

(i)

EN

1

Analyse and interpret the results to deduce the order of reaction of each reactant and
the rate equation.

EC
IM

Explain your reasoning.

..............................................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................................

SP

(a)

equation 1.1

..............................................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................... [5]
(ii)

Calculate the value of the rate constant and state the units.

rate constant =.............................. units……. [3]

.............................. NO....................... [1] Nitrogen monoxide...................................................... Identify the catalyst and justify your answer..... ...................1.............................. ..................................................... mol dm–3 s–1 [1] (iv) The experiment was repeated at a higher temperature................................ EN Nitrogen monoxide is produced by combustion in car engines................................................................. deduce the initial rate of formation of O2(g) in experiment 1................................................................................................................................................ .................................................. [3] SP (b) [Total: 13] [Turn over .......... is involved in formation of ozone at low levels................................. Explain your reasoning............................................3 (iii) Using equation 1.. ................ Ozone is then formed following the series of reactions shown below........................................................................ How would the new conditions affect the rate of the reaction and the value of the rate constant? ................. NO(g) + ½O2(g) ⎯→ NO2(g) NO2(g) ⎯→ NO(g) + O(g) O2(g) + O(g) ⎯→ O3(g) EC IM Write the overall equation for this reaction sequence............................................................................................................ answer = ............ .................................................................................................

............................4 2 Phenol......... [1] (ii) A weak acid... Phenol is a weak Brønsted–Lowry acid............ [1] A solution of phenol in water has a concentration of 4........... [1] When phenol is mixed with aqueous sodium hydroxide...................... SP (c) ⇌ EN (b) [5] ..... C6H5OH....... C6H5OH(aq) + ... [1] Calculate the pH of this solution of phenol.......... EC IM • + H2O(l) ................................ OH–(aq) ......... is a powerful disinfectant and antiseptic......7 g dm–3...... label one conjugate acid–base pair as acid 1 and base 1...................... (i) (ii) Write an expression for the acid dissociation constant... In the available spaces.................................... ... of phenol.................. • label the other conjugate acid–base pair as acid 2 and base 2...................3 × 10–10 mol dm–3 Define the following terms: (i) A Brønsted–Lowry acid.......................... C6H5OH(aq) (a) ⇌ H+(aq) + C6H5O−(aq) Ka = 1........ ................................. Ka......................... C6H5O–(aq) ................. an acid–base reaction takes place.......

.............. a student needed to prepare a buffer solution with a pH value of 8............................. mixed with an equal volume of sodium phenoxide................................. The student decided to use a 0...............5 (d) As part of an investigation............... ........200 mol dm–3 phenol solution...... [3] Hexylresorcinol is an antiseptic used in solutions for cleansing wounds and in mouthwashes and throat lozenges. Explain your answer................................ From the Ka value of phenol..... The structure of hexylresorcinol is shown below..........200 mol dm–3 solution of phenol............... ............. [1] [Total: 13] [Turn over .......................................... OH SP (e) EC IM EN Use your knowledge of buffer solutions to determine the concentration of sodium phenoxide solution that the student would need to mix with the 0......................71..... OH CH2(CH2)4CH3 Identify a chemical that could be added to hexylresorcinol to make a buffer solution......... the student thought that a mixture of phenol and sodium phenoxide could be used to prepare this buffer solution.................................

................. State the units........................................................6 3 Syngas is a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen gases..............0 dm3 sealed vessel... SP (c) The equilibrium position of equilibrium 3......... [2] (i) Write an expression for Kc for this equilibrium system........................ H2.................................................................. in a 2.................. [1] ................................................... CO(g) + 2H2(g) ⇌ CH3OH(g) equilibrium 3............1 shifted to the right........... ........................................................ [1] (ii) What is the effect.. The equilibrium is shown by equilibrium 3.......................... Kc = ……………………............................ and methanol...................20 × 10–3 4................................................... used as a feedstock for the manufacture of methanol. (i) Explain why the equilibrium position shifted to the right........................... ...................80 × 10–2 5........................1 below................................................................ units:…………........................................................... hydrogen.................................. EC IM (b) [1] (ii) Calculate Kc for this equilibrium. EN .................................... A dynamic equilibrium was set up between carbon monoxide. CH3OH.................................... [4] The pressure was increased whilst keeping the temperature constant.............................…........... . . The mixture was left to reach equilibrium.......... CO....1 The number of moles of each component at equilibrium is shown below (a) component CO(g) H2(g) CH3OH(g) number of moles at equilibrium 6.............................. if any..................... on the value of Kc? .............20 × 10–5 State two features of a system that is in dynamic equilibrium..

......... Explain your reasoning.......... (i) Write an equation for the complete combustion of methanol................... ...............................................1 decreased........1................................................................ CH3OH............ [1] Methanol can be used as an additive to petrol.. The value of Kc for equilibrium 3........................................................................ .......................................................... The mixture was left to reach equilibrium............................................................................................................. ........................ [1] EC IM (ii) EN ............... (i) Explain what happened to the equilibrium position in equilibrium 3....................................................... .............................................7 (d) The temperature was increased whilst keeping the pressure constant................. .............................................................................................................................................................. [1] [Total: 13] SP (e) [Turn over .............................. ........................................................................................... [1] (ii) Deduce the sign of the enthalpy change for the forward reaction shown in equilibrium 3......1................................................................ Suggest why methanol is added to petrol.........................................................................

........... ......... ............................................................................................................................................................... ..........................................................1 first ionisation energy of calcium +590 second ionisation energy of calcium +1150 first electron affinity of oxygen –141 second electron affinity of oxygen + 791 enthalpy change of formation of calcium oxide –635 enthalpy change of atomisation of calcium +178 enthalpy change of atomisation of oxygen +248 EN enthalpy change/ kJ mol–1 EC IM (i) Explain why the second ionisation energy of calcium is more endothermic than the first ionisation energy of calcium...................................... SP (a) process ..................................................................8 4 Table 4.............................................................................................. ..................................................................................... [2] (ii) Suggest why the second electron affinity of oxygen is positive.................................................................1 shows the enthalpy changes needed to calculate the lattice enthalpy of calcium oxide................................................................................... CaO............................................................ Table 4....................................................... [2] ...... ............................................................

....................................................................................... ....................................................................................................9 (b) Complete the Born–Haber cycle for calcium oxide below.... ............ ............................. [3] [Turn over ...1 to calculate the lattice enthalpy of calcium oxide.................................................................................................................. ..................................................... EC IM EN energy/ kJ mol–1 (c) SP lattice enthalpy = ... In your answer you should make clear how the sizes of the lattice enthalpies are related to any supporting evidence.................................................................................................................................................................................................... Use the data in Table 4......... kJ mol–1 [5] The lattice enthalpies of calcium oxide and magnesium oxide are different.............. Comment on this difference..

1.............1....... [5] [Total: 19] .........1......... SP (d) minimum temperature = ...10 Most metals can be extracted by reduction from compounds obtained from their naturally-occurring ores. CaO(s) C(s) Ca(s) CO(g) –1 –635 0 0 –110 S o /J K–1 mol–1 39. EC IM (ii) ΔS o = ..6 ΔHf /kJ mol o Calculate the standard enthalpy change for the CaO reduction in equation 4....... J K–1 mol–1 [1] (iii) Calculate the minimum temperature at which the carbon reduction in equation 4.................7 41....... CaO(s) + C(s) → Ca(s) + CO(g) equation 4.......... EN (i) ΔH o = .... Metals such as calcium and magnesium are normally extracted by electrolysis but it is feasible that calcium oxide could be reduced by carbon as shown in equation 4.............1 is feasible....1 Use the data in the table below to help you answer parts (i)–(iii) below....... kJ mol–1 [1] Calculate the standard entropy change for the CaO reduction in equation 4.............7 5.4 197....

........ Show your working.............................. Discuss two advantages and two disadvantages of using fuels cells for energy rather than using fossil fuels.......................................... [4] [Total: 9] [Turn over ...... (i) Write half-equations to show what has been oxidised and what has been reduced in this cell....... ................. ..............................................26 V V2+(aq) ⇌ E o = 0.........................................................................44 V E o = –0...... EN (a) I reduction: (ii) EC IM oxidation: [2] Determine the cell potential of this cell.....00 V H2(g) ⇌ 2H2O(l) E o = +0....................................................................... .................................. [2] Fuels cells based on systems such as III and IV are increasingly being used to generate energy................................. Ecell = ....................................... V [1] An electrochemical fuel cell was set up based on systems III and IV................................. Fe2+(aq) + 2e– ⇌ Fe(s) II V3+(aq) + e– III 2H+(aq) + 2e– IV O2(g) + 4H+(aq) + 4e– ⇌ E o = –0......................................11 5 Use the standard electrode potentials in the table below to answer the questions that follow............................................................................................................................................................................. (i) (ii) SP (b) Construct an equation for the spontaneous cell reaction................ .......... ..............................40 V An electrochemical cell was set up based on systems I and II...........................................................

................................................ Determine the molecular formula of this gas.............................. equation SP (b) [2] ................................................ EN OH O Suggest a chemical that would react with a solution of ibuprofen to produce a gas... [3] The structure of the painkiller ibuprofen is shown below............... and has a density of 1.833 g dm–3 at room temperature and pressure.................... This oxide contains 63......................................................................... chemical.............. ......................... Show your working.................................................64% N by mass................................... EC IM Name the gas produced and write an equation for the reaction........................... gas ..........12 6 This question looks at different chemical compounds used in medicine....... (a) An oxide of nitrogen is used as a general anaesthetic by dentists...............................

of lidocaine in the syringe... Lidocaine is injected by syringe as a solution containing 100 mg in 5.... the molecular ion peak of eugenol was shown to have a m/z value of 164... EC IM Show your working clearly....74 g of CO2 and 0. H and O. C13H20N2O2.....394 g of eugenol was analysed by burning in oxygen to form 3. A sample of 1.00 cm3.. Calculate the concentration.. EN Analyse and interpret this information to determine the molecular formula of eugenol. is used as a local anaesthetic in dentistry. in mol dm–3...... Using a mass spectrometer.. It is an organic compound of C.13 (c) Lidocaine... mol dm–3 [3] Eugenol is used as a painkiller in dentistry. concentration = .. SP (d) [5] [Total: 13] [Turn over ..918 g of H2O...

............................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................... ........................................... .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ....................................................................................... (a) (i) Explain what is meant by the terms transition element............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................... using suitable examples and diagrams............................................  In your answer you should make clear how your diagrams illustrate the type of stereoisomerism involved............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ....... ................ EC IM ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ..............14 7 This question looks at the chemistry of transition elements............. EN .................................................................................. SP (b) ............................. [9] ............................................................................. ..................................................................................... (ii) Discuss............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ........................................... ................ ................ the typical reactions of transition elements.................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ............................. ........... ........................................ .............. .................  In your answer you should make clear how any observations provide evidence for the type of reaction discussed......................................................... [11] Describe................................................. the different shapes and stereoisomerism shown by complex ions..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... complex ion and ligand...................... ...................... ...................................... with examples................................................... ........................................................................................................................................... equations and observations................................. ............. .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

......... EC IM ........................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................ ................................ ............................................ ............................. .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ................... ................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................................ ......................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ........... ..............................................................15 ...................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ............ ................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .............................. ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................. SP ................................................................................................................................................................................ EN ............................................................................................................................................................................................... ............... .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................[Turn over ............................................................................................................ ........................ ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................... SP .............................................. ....................................................................... ........................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ ............................................................ ......................................................... ... ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ........................................................................... ........................................................................................ END OF QUESTION PAPER [Total: 20] Paper Total [100] ................................................................................................... EN ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................. ......................................................................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................. ............ ............................................... ............. EC IM .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................16 ................................................................................. .............................................................................................

the publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest opportunity. which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES).SP EC IM EN 17 Copyright Acknowledgements: Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included. OCR is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Every reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (OCR) to trace copyright holders. © OCR 2007 .

18 SP EC IM EN BLANK PAGE .

Energetics and Elements Specimen Mark Scheme SP EC IM EN The maximum mark for this paper is 100. This paper consists of 8 printed pages. SP (SLM) T12103 © OCR 2007 QAN 500/2347/0 OCR is an exempt Charity [Turn Over .OXFORD CAMBRIDGE AND RSA EXAMINATIONS Advanced GCE CHEMISTRY A F325 Unit F325: Equilibria.

0 x 10–8) to obtain a calculated value 9 k = 2 x 103 3 units: dm3 mol–1 s–1 3 (ii) C6H5OH(aq) acid 1 + OH−(aq) base 2 ⇌ C6H5O−(aq) base 1 + H2O(l) acid 2 3 [1] .0 x 10–12 /4 = 2.2 Question Number 1(a)(i) Max Mark Answer O3: Exp 2 has 4 times [H2] as Exp 1 and rate increases by 4 3.5 x 10–7 x 1.0 x 10–12 / (0.’ [3] H+/proton donor 3 [1] partially dissociates/ionises 3 [1] SP 2(a)(i) EN use of k = rate / [O3] [C2H4] = 1. so order = 1 with respect to C2H4 3 rate = k [O3] [C2H4] 3 [5] [3] (iii) rate = 1. and rate has increased by 4 3. so order = 1 with respect to O3 3 C2H4: Exp 3 has 2 x [C2H4] and 2 x [O3] as Exp 2.5 x 10–13 (mol dm–3 s–1) 3 [1] (iv) rate increases and k increases 3 (b) 1½O2(g) ⎯→ O3(g)/ O2(g) + ½O2(g) ⎯→ O3(g) 3 (ii) (b) EC IM [1] NO is a catalyst 3 as it is (used up in step 1 and) regenerated in step 2/ not used up in the overall reaction3 allow 1 mark for ‘O/NO2 with explanation of regeneration.

calc of pH from [H+] EC IM (e) Max Mark Mr C6H5OH = 94 3 [C6H5OH(aq)] 4.050 mol dm–3 3 (‘=’ sign is acceptable) [H+] = √ { (1.050 mol dm–3 3 1.3 Question Number (c)(i) (ii) Ka = [ C6H5O−(aq)] [H+(aq)] / [ C6H5OH(aq)] 3 [5] [H+(aq)] = 1.40 x 10–2 mol dm–3 9 Kc = [2.40 x 10–2]2 = 14.99 x 10–9 mol dm–3 3 [C6H5O–(aq)] = Ka [ C6H5OH(aq)] / [H+(aq)]3 [C6H5O−(aq)] = 0.7/94 = 0. Do not penalise an approach that uses the original concentration of phenol in the expression above.55 x 10−6 = 5. pH expression .10 x 10–3] [2.10 x 10–3 mol dm–3.6 / 14. calculated Kc value = 3. [3] Na/NaOH because some of the hexylresorcinol will react producing a mixture of the acid and the salt/conjugate base 3 or (b)(i) (ii) SP mono/di salt of hexylresorcinol because the acid and its salt/conjugate base makes a buffer 3 3(a) [1] 3 marks: [H+] .60 x 10–5 mol dm–3.55 x 10−6 mol dm−3 3 pH = –log[H+] = −log 2.050) } = 2.59 3 EN (d) Answer [1] rate of forward reaction = rate of reverse reaction 3 concentrations of reactants and products are constant but they are constantly interchanging 3 [2] Kc = [CH3OH] / [CO] [H2]2 3 [1] use of Kc = [CH3OH] / [CO] [H2]2 and moles to obtain a calculated value 9 convert moles to concentration by ÷ 2: [CO] = 3. [CH3OH] = 2. This should then be doubled back up again.64 (scores 1st and 3rd marks) units: dm6 mol–2 3 [4] .56 3 If moles not converted to concentration. [H2] = 2.3 x 10−10) x (0.13 mol dm–3 3 Calculation should use half the original concentration of phenol to find the concentration of sodium phenoxide in the buffer.3 x 10−10 ≈ [H+(aq)]2 / 0.60 x 10–5] / [3.

ΔG = 0 or ΔG < 0 3 minimum T = ΔH / ΔS 3 Converts ΔS from J to kJ/÷1000 or converts ΔH from kJ to J 3 2712 K/ 2438 oC / 2439 oC 3 (units essential) [5] (d)(i) .4 Question Number (ii) (e)(i) (ii) 4(a)(i) (ii) (b) (c) [1] None 3 [1] moved to left hand side/reactants increase/less products 3 [1] ΔH negative because high temperature favours the endothermic direction 3 [1] CH3OH + 1½ O2 ⎯→ CO2 + 2H2O3 [1] adds oxygen/oxygenated 3 [1] EN (d)(i) fewer moles of gas on right hand side 3 Ca+ is smaller than Ca/ proton : electron ratio in Ca+ > Ca 3 greater attraction from nucleus 3 EC IM (ii) Max Mark “oxide” ion. 3 SP (c)(i) Answer Mg2+ is smaller/Mg2+ has greater charge density3 hence has stronger attraction for O2–3 [3] 525 kJ mol–1 3 [1] (ii) 193.6 J K–1 mol–1 3 [1] (iii) uses ΔG = ΔH – TΔS 3 To be feasible. O– and electron are both negative 3 hence energy is required to overcome repulsion 3 completes Born-Haber cycle showing 1st IE↑ 2nd IE↑ EA↑ and LE↓333 (lose 1 mark for each error/omission) LE = –33451 kJ mol–1 3 [2] [2] 1st EA ↓ 2nd [5] differences in size of lattice enthalpies linked to ionic sizes/attraction using more/less exothermic rather than bigger or smaller.

0848 mol dm–3 9 [3] .24 x 10–4 9 concentration of Novocaine = 4.g. assume that molecular formula = N2O [4] [3] SP (b) EC IM disadvantages: H2 difficult to store 3 H2 difficult to manufactured initially / limited life cycle of H2 adsorber/absorber 3 6(a) Max Mark oxidation: Fe → Fe2+ + 2e– 3 reduction: V3+ + e– → V2+ 3 EN (ii) Answer any chemical that reacts to produce gas: e.24 x 10–4 x (1000/5) = 0.833 x 24 = 44 9 (calc 43. carbonate and CO2 9 accept: metal more reactive than Pb and H2 balanced equation to match chemical added 9 [2] Mr(Lidocaine) = 236 9 moles Novocaine = 100 x 10–3/236 = 4.18 V 3 [1] system III x 2 and reversed + system IV 3 2 H2 + O2 → 2H2O/ H2 + ½O2 → H2O 3 [2] advantages: only H2O formed/ non-polluting greater efficiency 3 (c) empirical formula N : O = 63.64/14 : 36.992) with these two pieces of evidence.5 Question Number 5(a)(i) (ii) (b)(i) [2] Ecell = 0.56 : 2.0847/0.27 = 2 : 1. Empirical formula = N2O 9 molecular formula Mr of gas = 1.36/16 9 = 4.

394 − (1. 3 [1] [11] .272/16 9 = 0. 3 ligand: molecule/ion with lone pair of electrons capable of forming coordinate/dative bonds to a metal ion 3 [2] precipitation: equation 3 colour of precipitate 3 [2] ligand substitution: equation 3 colour of substituted complex 3 [2] SP 7(a)(i) EN [5] redox: equation 3 colour change 3 [2]  The candidate clearly links observations to provide evidence for two reactions discussed.0170 / 5 : 6 : 1 / C5H6O 9 C5H10O has relative mass of 82 Mr is 164 = 2 x 82 ∴ molecular formula = C10H12O2 9 EC IM (ii) transition element: has at least one ion with a partly filled d-orbital 3 example showing electronic configuration with d orbital as between d1 – d9 3 [2] complex ion: a central metal ion surrounded by ligands with an example.102/1 : 0.918 = 0.272 g ratio C : H : O = 1.0 = 12 x 0.0850 : 0.02/12 : 0.102) = 0.6 Question Number (d) Answer Max Mark mass C = 12 x 3.74/44.102 g 9 mass O = 1.02 g 9 mass H = 2/18 x 0.102 : 0.020 + 0.085 = 1.

Ni(en)32+ 3 with 3D diagrams 3  The candidate clearly links features on the diagrams with a EC IM characteristic of the stereoisomerism involved 3 SP (b) Answer Paper Total [3] [1] [Max: 9] [100] . platin with 3-D diagram 3 optical example. e.g. Ni(NH3)2Cl2.g. e.7 Question Number Max Mark complex ions: octahedral example 3 with 3-D diagram 3 [2] tetrahedral example 3 with 3-D diagram 3 [2] square planar example (see also below) 3 with 3-D diagram 3 [2] EN stereoisomerism: cis-trans example.

8 Assessment Objectives Grid (includes QWC) Question AO1 AO2 1(a)(i) AO3 Total 5 5 1(a)(ii) 3 3 1(a)(iii) 1 1 1(a)(iv) 1 1 1(b) 3 3 2(a)(i) 1 1 2(a)(ii) 1 1 1 1 2(c)(i) 1 1 2(c)(ii) 5 5 2(d) 3 3 2(e) 1 1 3(a) 2 5 3(c) 2 3(d)(i) 1 3(d)(ii) 1 3(e)(i) 3(e)(ii) 4(a)(i) 4(a)(ii) 4(b) 4(c) 2 4(d)(ii) 4(d)(iii) 2 5(a)(i) 5(a)(ii) 5(b)(ii) 5 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 5 3 1 1 1 1 3 5 2 2 1 1 2 5(b)(i) 2 1 3 SP 4(d)(i) EC IM 3(b) EN 2(b) 2 4 4 6(a) 3 3 6(b) 2 2 6(c) 3 3 5 6(d) 5 7(a) 11 11 7(b) 9 9 Totals 36 54 10 100 .

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.