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MODULE

1

Answer ALL questions.

1.

Outline THREE roles of agriculture in the economies of Caribbean

countries.

[6 marks] Total 6 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE

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__ 2D04 . _. [3 marks] (b) Outline TWO characteristics of EACH agricultural system identified in (a) above..._ ~..::::= _2_ .:..::. GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE ~~~~ 022200IO/CAPE _ ••• ~I~~_~~ y __ ~..~..:~ _..! .~ .."_"_ .. . ..~' 3_ ...-===- .. (a) Identify THREE types of agricultural systems in the Caribbean.. [6 marks] Total 9 marks I! ~:. _ I -"'~J~~~ '4_&. .2.... """:_:.

= = 40 . for causing [3 marks] (c) Explain the cause of any ONE of the factors from (b) above._- [3 marks] TolaJ 7 marks GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE '@ --- 1 . yield data for a particular field was collected. Princess Farms is a commercial enterprise that grows sugar cane and produces sugar for export. [1 mark) (b) Suggest THREE factors other than erosion that may have been responsible this soil degradation. This data is shown in Figure I below.j 80 l _..-. 100 j . It has been operating for over forty years.. Beginning in 1970. .: 20 0 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 Year----7 Figure 1. It has been suggested that the change in yield is as a result of soil degradation. i ~ 60 2'"0 "a. Yield of sugar (a) State the trend observed in Figure 1.-43._---_.

[2 marks] (b) Outline THREE reasons why agroforestry is suitable as an environmentally sustainable practice in Caribbean agricultural systems. .-5- 4. "I i --------_. (a) Explain what is meant by 'agroforestry'.------------- . . __ -- -----------_-------------------_ --- [6 marks] Total 8 marks GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE ..t .

.-6 MODULE 2 Answer ALL questions.. (a) a non-renewable energy resource (b) a form of potential energy (c) an energy source derived from solar energy. 5.? zno 1OW A PF... )004 GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE ··"f ....J I . State why oil if.. :. ----------------------------------------------------------------- Total 6 marks ())._.

-7- 6. [2 marks] (b) Suggest THREE reasons why nuclear energy is NOT an appropriate alternative source of energy for Caribbean countries. (a) Distinguish between 'nuclear fission' and 'nuclear fusion'. [6 marks] TotalS marks GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE .

---------------- [2 marks] (b) Describe how cogeneration is used. [3 marks] (c) State TWO advantages of a cogeneration system.-8 (a) What is cogeneration? -------~--------. ------------------------------------------ [4 marks] Total 9 marks GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE 02220010/CAPE 2004 _~_ J ..

(a) to many areas in Caribbean countries is limited by technological and Explain which of the TWO factors above is the more significant one. 1 l ------------------------------_ .--- L4marks] (b) Suggest an alternative approach to supply electricity to these areas that will address the more significant factor identified in (a) above. [3 marks} Total 7 marks GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE 2004 .-9 8. The supply of electricity geographical factors...

. Water sampling procedures along the coast identified chemical components attributed to the chemical waste. --. The ponds and production facilities are located 100 miles or 160 kilometres inland from the coast. 9._----------------- Total 6 marks GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE . A chemical manufacturer stores chemical waste in ponds on the property.---. Outhne TWO possible pathways of the waste pollutant from the waste ponds to the coastal waters.--------------------- ---------------- -----_.10 - MODULE 3 Answer ALL questions.

. [4 marks] Total 9 marks GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE : 1 . (a) Outline the mechanism by which photochemical smog is formed. [5 marks] (b) Is photochemical smog a threat to the countries in the Caribbean region? Outline the reason for your answer.11 - 10.

0 '"0 <l. .> i <l.> Q... ·VV"l{V\ 1n I. <l..>- '" '" :.' 1\ [J r=' "") nnll ..> -= s:: u I:: 0 4 2 U o 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 Distance from monitoring station (km)---?I>Figure 2_ Dissolved oxygen in river GO ON TO Tf IE NEXT PAGE . r-<l..a -0 6 '0 .> .51 CIl I. :E . Concentration of pollutants that are below the acceptable threshold levels should not cause environmental concerns. Outline TWO reasons why you agree or disagree with the statement above..12 - 11. Total 6 marks 12.. 12 10 5 eJl t )'! 8 >...

. [3 marks] What is the likely effect on organisms inhabiting the river between 40 km and 100 km? -----------.13 - 12. Figure 2 shows the variation of dissolved oxygen concentration monitoring station. (a) with distance downriver from a Suggest TWO reasons for the change in dissolved oxygen concentration 20km. observed beyond [4 marks] (b) Outline ONE process that has caused the change in dissolved oxygen concentration.---- [2 marks] Total 9 marks END OF TEST 0222001 OICAPE 2004 .

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