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Chapter quiz #1 Review Questions
Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. There will be 30 questions on the quiz. ____ 1. In-line skating and tap dancing skills would be stored in ____ memory. a. implicit b. semantic c. episodic d. athletic ____ 2. Loftus and Palmer showed people a film of a car crash and then asked them to fill out questionnaires that included a question about how fast the cars were going at the time of the accident. The participants who reported the highest speeds had been asked to estimate how fast the cars were going when they ____ one another. a. "touched" b. "bumped into" c. "smashed into" d. "brushed" ____ 3. Cognitive psychologists define learning as a ____ change that may or may not be associated with a ____ change. a. mental; behavioral b. behavioral; mental c. positive; behavioral d. behavioral; negative ____ 4. John Watson proposed a definition of psychology that omitted all of the following EXCEPT a. mental process. b. behavior. c. consciousness. d. feelings and thoughts ____ 5. Diagnosing the severity of mental illness and behavior problems is usually the job of a(n) ____ psychologist. a. clinical b. counseling

Lauren heard a loud screech. alcohol abuse among ethnic minority groups b. US.c. c. educational ____ 6. racial bias c. CS b. UR ____ 7. Any stimulus that. behavior. unconditioned stimulus . c. conditioned stimulus. c. Now when she hears a screeching sound. In this example. gender roles d. d. the screech became an effective ____. positive reinforcer. introspection ____ 9. when removed. the unconscious. a cab smashed into the back of her Jeep. she feels anxious. Encouraging the members of a dance class at the completion of each individual step best describes a. CS. negative reinforcer. a. Which of the following is not likely the concern of sociocultural psychologists? a. color perception ____ 10. school d. b. d. performing. approximating. forming. shaping ____ 8. insight. b. increases the likelihood that a behavior will continue is called a(n) a. CR d. b. CS. CR c. The psychodynamic theory of human motivation centers on a. d. CR. One second later. and her anxiety in response to the sound became the ____. While sitting in her Jeep at a red traffic light.

ten. a. all of the above ____ 14. Little Albert's experienced generalization of his fear to a a. and warmth are examples of ____ reinforcers. also called ____ memory. The typical maximum number of chunks of information that can be held in short-term memory is a. Explicit memory. b. a. reflexive reaction to meat powder. delayed d. a. not because the organism knows that one stimuli will follow another. Food. partial ____ 16. iconic d. rabbit b. According to the ____ perspective. implicit c. learned response to a previously neutral stimulus. secondary c. can be clearly stated or explained. c. observational ____ 15. water. d. cognitive b. primary b. A conditioned response is a(n) a. c. neutral stimulus that elicits a response. b. an organism learns the association between two stimuli because they are paired together. santa claus mask d. fur coat c. none of the above ____ 12. seven. sensory ____ 13. psychoanalytic d. .3 ____ 11. declarative b. behaviorist c. four.

structures and schemas. metamemory. d. b. d. higher-order conditioning. . diagnosis and treatment of behavioral disorders. association and reinforcement. b. semantic memory ____ 20. Your front doorbell has a higher pitch than your back doorbell. only auditory information.d. short-term memory. c. c. Psychology is defined as the scientific study of a. conscious and unconscious mental processes. operant reaction to a bell ____ 17. d. d. long-term memory. d. none of the above ____ 21. b. templates and information processing. This is an example of a. the third stage of information processing is a. the mind ____ 22. c. Psychologist believe that we possess a sensory register for a. discrimination. response generalization ____ 18. Extending the semantic meaning of something you already know refers to a. behavior and mental processes. all of the above ____ 19. b. Cognitive psychologist describe and explain behavior using concepts such as a. sensory memory. only visual information. you always know which door to answer. When one rings. generalization. c. According to Atkinson and Shiffren. each of our sensory systems. b. c.

John B. b. structuralism d. habit and environmental adaptation . a. d. Prospective. Prospective. ____ is any relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior that occurs because of experience. insight and understanding. According to behaviorists. c. functionalism c. retrospective memory. Watson established ____ as a school of psychology. retrospective b.5 b. learning was largely a matter of a. d. maintenance rehearsal ____ 23. reinforcers. extinguishers. Stimuli that increase the frequency of behavior are referred to as a. b. d. acquisition d. none of the above ____ 26. implicit c. a. Retrospective. behaviorism b. modifiers. a. higher-order conditioning c. rote practice and repetition. Retrospective. psychoanalysis ____ 27. For the Gestalt psychologists. elaborative rehearsal. c. ____ memory is recalling information that was previously learned. and ____ memory refers to remember to do things in the future. implicit ____ 25. extinction b. c. trial and error. prospective d. learning ____ 24.

Jim was engaged in a. d. In ____ amnesia. do not decay ____ 29. c. explanations c. d. maintenance rehearsal ____ 32. Ivan Pavlov is best known for his research in a. contingency theory ____ 33. By mentally repeating a telephone number after looking it up for the first time. infantile c. a.____ 28. classical conditioning. retrieval. Tim can remember what he had for lunch yesterday. Memory traces of sounds a. a. anterograde d. c. b. d. operant conditioning. predictions d. descriptions b. decay at about the same rate as those of visual stimuli. visual coding. b. dissociative ____ 31. c. insight learning. . beliefs ____ 30. episodic memory. This is an example of a\an a. retrograde b. decay more slowly than those of visual stimuli. the trauma prevents patients from remembering events that took place before the accident. Theories allow psychologists to make ____ such as a client's chance of recovery. encoding. b. decay faster than those of visual stimuli.

c. c. Using the phrase "Elvis' Guitar Broke Down on Friday" to remember the lines (EGBDF) in a musical Treble Clef is an example of a. maintenance rehearsal ____ 35. after conditioning. d. b. all of the above ____ 38. US. d. CS d. repressed memory. metamemory. elaborative memory. and salivation was the ____. retrospective memory. a. flashbulb memory. semantic memory. . the bell was the ____. c. programmer c. This is called a. Dana liked to watch her mom prepare dinner when she was a little girl. nondeclarative memory. elaborative rehearsal. UR. reinforcer b. model ____ 37. implicit memory ____ 34. a. b. d. happen at random. can be done even while receiving physical guidance. Benjamin can remember exactly where he was and what he was doing when he heard about the death of his big brother. b. CR b. c. UR c. CS.7 b. In operant conditioning the manner in which the first reinforced response is made can a. CR. As a grown-up Dana now enjoys preparing gourmet meals for her family. shaper d. can happen by chance. During Pavlov's classic experiments. US ____ 36. It can be said that her mother was a ____ for learning to cook.

short-term memory delays the passage of information into long-term memory. During World War II. eyewitness testimony is for the most part accurate. d. help the client meet his or her goals in treatment. pigeons were used as projectiles and shot out of cannons ____ 44. d. Spontaneous recovery of extinguished responses in operant conditioning supports the notion that the a. humanism-existentialism. behavior was forgotten.d. b. b. c. c. he was to train pigeons to drop bombs on the enemy. c. The school of psychology that places unconscious impulses and desires at the center of human behavior is a. ____ 43. use a database to formulate a treatment for the client. functionalism. decide the treatment. F." where a. recollections of a car crash can be influenced by the way in which it is labeled. The clinical psychologist's aim in applying prediction and control principles to a client's behavior is to a. Gestalt psychology ____ 42. c. b. eidetic imagery is rare among adults ____ 41. Skinner was to head-up "Project Pigeon. c. d. psychoanalysis. The psychologist repeatedly pairs her love for classical music with the gradual exposure to a cat. Your mother has a fear of cats. d. painful memory ____ 39. d. The idea that long-term memories are not reliable representations of past experiences finds support in evidence that a. B. he would train pigeons to carry messages between army camps. b. behavior was innate. This is known as . behavior was not permanently lost. he would train pigeons to guide missiles to their targets. b. behavior was not adaptive ____ 40. allow the client a narrow range of options for his or her behavior.

b. cookie conditioning ____ 45. d.9 a. None of the above . You buy a weekly lottery ticket. You become less thirsty every time you drink a glass of water. b. Which of the following illustrates continuous reinforcement? a. You go to the movies even though you only enjoy about 25% of the films you see. d. counterconditioning. operant conditioning. c. c. higher-order conditioning.

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