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Embedded System

SUBMITTED BYDEEPAK SHARMA

CONTENT’S
• • • • • • • • INTRODUCTION HISTORY ARCHITECTURE OF EMBEDDED SYSTEM APPLICATION’S ESSENCIAL COMPONENTS STRUCTURE CLASSIFICATION CONCLUSION

WHAT IS EMBEDDED SYSTEM?
An Embedded System is a microprocessor based system that is embedded as a subsystem, in a larger system (which may or may not be a computer system).

I/p

O/p

RAM

ROM

I/P DEVICE

CENTRAL PROCESSOR UNIT

O/P DEVICE

APPLICATION SPECIFIC CIRCUIT

COMMUNICATION INTERFACE

HISTORY
• First embedded system was made in MIT instrumentation library,usa. • Many type of gates were used • For only small applications

Application areas
• Automative electronics

• Aircraft electronics

• Trains

• Telecommunications

Application areas
• Medical systems

• Military applications

• Authentication

Application areas
• Consumer electronics
• Fabrication equipment

• Smart buildings

Essential Components
• Microprocessor / DSP • Actuators • Memory (On-chip and Off chip)

• Converters (A-D and D-A) • Sensors

• Communication path with the interacting environment

Embedded System Structure (Generic)

Sensor

AD

Processor & ASICs

DA

o/p

Memory

Essential Considerations
• • • • • Response Time Area Cost Low Power (Battery Life) Reliability

 Fault Tolerance

General Characteristics of Embedded Systems
• Perform a single task • Increasingly high performance and real time constrained • Power, cost and reliability are important considerations • HW-SW systems – Software is used for more features and flexibility – Hardware (processors, ASICs, memory etc. are used for performance and security

Classification of Embedded Systems
• Stand alone Embedded system • Real time Embedded system • Networked information appliances • Mobile devices

Stand alone embedded system
• Performs only one task(specific) • example1.LCD,LED systems,TV remote system etc.

Real time systems
• 1.Soft Real Time • 2.Hard Real Time

Networking Information Appliances
• Networking

Mobile System
• PDA • Mobile systems • Video Games

Importance of Embedded Software and Embedded Processors
• “... the New York Times has • estimated that the average • American comes into contact with about 60 micro-processors every day....” [Camposano, 1996] Most of the functionality of embedded systems will be implemented in software!

Latest top-level BMWs contain over 100 microprocessors [Personal communication]

CONCLUSION
• Now a days the role embedded systems is formal • Es makes the tasks simple • Es is growing as the technology grows

THANKS