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Test

# Test

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05/25/2012

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# One Sample t-Test

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Purpose: The One-Sample T Test compares the mean score of a sample to a population mean. Hypotheses: Null: There is no significant difference between the sample mean and the population mean. Alternate: There is a significant difference between the sample mean and the population mean. First, we see the descriptive statistics.

The mean of our sample is 4.04, which is slightly higher than our population mean of 3.9. Next, we see the results of our one-sample T test:

Our T value is 2.288. We have 112 degrees of freedom. Our significance value is .024. There is a significant difference between the two groups (the significance is less than .05). Therefore, we can say that our sample mean of 4.04 is significantly greater than the population mean of 3.9.

that is. We can assume that the variances are approximately equal." is less than . If it is not significant (Sig. Hypotheses: Null: The means of the two groups are not significantly different.448. the two variances are significantly different. Alternate: The means of the two groups are significantly different. we see that the significance is . we see the Levene's Test for Equality of Variances. We see that the mean for the "New Drug" group is higher than that of the "Placebo" group. higher blood pressure than those who took the placebo. we see the results of the Independent Samples T Test. These two groups can come from different experimental treatments. people who received the new drug have. Next. If the Levene's test is not significant. we have met our second assumption. which is greater than . is greater than .Two Sample t-Tests Purpose: To compare responses from two groups. Read the BOTTOM line if the variances are not equal. If the Levene's Test is significant (the value under "Sig. That is. This tells us if we have met our second assumption (the two groups have approximately equal variance on the dependent variable). We compared the mean blood pressure of patients who received a new drug treatment vs.05). the two variances are approximately equal. those who received a placebo (a sugar pill). First. Read the TOP line if the variances are approximately equal. SPSS Output Following is a sample output of an independent samples T test. the two variances are not significantly different.05). Finally. Here.05. on average. we see the descriptive statistics for the two groups. Based on the . or different natural "populations" Independent Sample t-test (Unrelated) Purpose: The Independent Samples T Test compares the mean scores of two groups on a given variable.

and tests to see if the average difference is significantly different from zero. We have 10 degrees of freedom. There is a significant difference between the two groups (the significance is less than .796. We want to see if our test preparation course improved people's score on the test. We compared the mean test scores before (pre-test) and after (post-test) the subjects completed a test preparation course. we see the correlation between the two variables. . Next. The post-test mean scores are higher. It computes the difference between the two variables for each case.05). Hypothesis: Null: There is no significant difference between the means of the two variables. First. we see the descriptive statistics for both variables.results of our Levene's test. we know that we have approximately equal variance. Alternate: There is a significant difference between the means of the two variables. Dependent (Paired Sample T-Test): The Paired Samples T Test compares the means of two variables. Our T value is 3. so we will read the top line. SPSS Output Following is sample output of a paired samples T test.

Remember. Finally. we see the results of the Paired Samples T Test. 05. we see the T. this test is based on the difference between the two variables. People who did well on the pre-test also did well on the post-test.There is a strong positive correlation. .171 We have 11 degrees of freedom Our significance is . degrees of freedom. there is a significant If the significance value is greater than. there is no significant difference. To the right of the Paired Differences. and significance. The T value = -2.053 If the significance value is less than . Under "Paired Differences" we see the descriptive statistics for the difference between the two variables. difference.05.

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