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Turkish Grammar Revised and Enlarged Academic Edition Yuksel Goknel 2012 (3)

Turkish Grammar Revised and Enlarged Academic Edition Yuksel Goknel 2012 (3)

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TURKISH GRAMMAR REVISED AND ENLARGED ACADEMIC EDITION=YUKSEL GOKNEL 2012
TURKISH GRAMMAR REVISED AND ENLARGED ACADEMIC EDITION=YUKSEL GOKNEL 2012

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11/29/2014

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The Turkish Grammar book that you have just started reading is quite different

from the grammar books that you read in schools. This kind of Grammar is known as

traditional grammar. The main difference of a traditional grammar and that of a

transformational one is that the first one describes a natural language as a static

object, but the second one describes both the parts of the language engine and how

it runs. This is like learning about a motionless car. There is something lacking in this

description. It is the dynamics of the parts of a car that runs a hundred and twenty

kilometers an hour.

Traditional grammars describe only the physical appearance of a language; they

do not mind what goes on behind the curtain. The mind of a human being works like

the engine of a sports car. It arranges and chooses words matching one another,

transforms simple sentence units to use in different parts of sentences, and recollects

morphemes and phonemes to be produced by the human speech organs. All these

activities are simultaneously carried out by the human mind.

Another point that the traditional grammarians generally miss is that they write the

grammar of a certain language to teach it to those who have been learning it from the

time when they were born up to the time when they discover something called

grammar. This is like teaching a language to professional speakers.

Then, what is the use of a grammar? I believe most people were acquainted with

it when they started learning a foreign language. Therefore, a grammar written for

those who are trying to learn a second language is very useful both in teaching and

learning a second language.

I started teaching English as a second language in 1952, a long time ago. Years

passed and one day I found myself as a postgraduate Fulbright student at the

University of Texas at Austin in 1960. Although I studied there for only a short period,

I learnt enough from Prof. Archibald A. Hill and Dr. De Camp to stimulate me to learn

more about Linguistics.

After I came back to Turkey, it was difficult to find books on linguistics in

booksellers in Istanbul. Thanks to The American Library in Istanbul, I was able to

borrow the books that attracted my attention.

In those books, I discovered Noam Chomsky, whose name I had not heard during my

stay in the U.S.A.

I must confess that I am indebted to the scholars and the library above in writing

this Turkish Grammar.

I am also grateful to my son Dr. Özgür Göknel who encouraged me to write this

book and to Vivatinell Warwick U.K., which sponsored to publish it.

YÜKSEL GÖKNEL

TURKISH GRAMMAR, REVISED AND ENLARGED ACADEMIC EDITION

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TURKISH GRAMMAR, REVISED AND ENLARGED ACADEMIC EDITION

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TURKISH GRAMMAR

REVISED AND ENLARGED
ACADEMIC EDITION

YÜKSEL GÖKNEL

Vivatinell Bilim-Kültür Yayınları

2012

Grafik Tasarım Uygulamaları

Vivatinell Press

Yüksel Göknel

Vivatinell Cosmopharmaceutics

Fetih Mah. Tunca Sk. No:2 34704

Ataşehir / İstanbul / TÜRKİYE

Tel: +90 216 470 09 44
Faks: +90 216 470 09 48

TURKISH GRAMMAR, REVISED AND ENLARGED ACADEMIC EDITION

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TURKISH GRAMMAR, REVISED AND ENLARGED ACADEMIC EDITION

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