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Turkish Grammar Revised and Enlarged Academic Edition Yuksel Goknel 2012 (3)

Turkish Grammar Revised and Enlarged Academic Edition Yuksel Goknel 2012 (3)

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TURKISH GRAMMAR REVISED AND ENLARGED ACADEMIC EDITION=YUKSEL GOKNEL 2012
TURKISH GRAMMAR REVISED AND ENLARGED ACADEMIC EDITION=YUKSEL GOKNEL 2012

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11/29/2014

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People use “wish” and “past tense” in English when they regret something at
present. In place of “wish”, Turkish people use “keşke” and “V - [se/y/-di],
[sa/y/-dı]-[pers]” verb chain. This chain is also used when somebody is sorry
about a past fact or event:

Keşke daha genç ol-sa-/y/dı-ım.
(keş*ke~ / da*ha / genç / ol*say*dım ↷)
I wish I were younger. (But I am not young.)

Keşke sen-in yer-in-de ol-sa/y/-dı-ım.
(keş*ke ~/ se*nin / ye*rin*de / ol*say*dım ↷)
I wish I were you.

Keşke herşey o kadar kolay ol-sa/y/-dı.
(keş*ke~ / her*şey / o*ka*dar / ko*lay / ol*say*dı ↷)
I wish everything were (was) so easy. (They aren’t so easy.)

Keşke bütün gün hava güneş-li ol-sa/y/-dı.
(keş*ke~ / bü*tün / gün / ha*va / gü*neş*li / ol*say*dı ↷)
I wish it were sunny all day long. (Unfortunately, it isn’t.)

TURKISH GRAMMAR, REVISED AND ENLARGED ACADEMIC EDITION

381

Jack daha yakışıklı ol-ma-/y/ı arzu et-er-di.
(jack / da*ha / çok / ya*kı*şık*lı / ol*ma*yı / ar*zu / e*der*di ↷)
Jack wishes he were more handsome. (But he isn’t.)

İpek mas-mavi göz-ler-i ol-ma-/s/ı-/n/ı arzu et-er-di.
(i*pek / mas*ma:*vi / göz*le*ri / ol*ma*sı*nı / ar*zu / e*der*di ↷)

İpek wishes she had deep blue eyes.

Herkes zengin ol-ma-/y/ı arzu et-er. (e*der)
Everybody wishes they were wealthy. (But they aren't.)

Keşke karı-ım bu kadar inat-çı ol-ma-sa.
(keş*ke~ / ka*rım / bu*ka*dar / i*nat*çı / ol*ma*sa ↷)

I wish my wife weren’t (wasn’t) so obstinate. (But she is.)

Keşke sana yardım et-e.bil-se/y/-di-im.
(keş*ke / sa*na / yar*dım / e*de*bil*sey*dim ↷)
I wish I could help you. (Unfortunately I can’t.)

Keşke yarın okul-a git-mek zorun-da ol-ma-sa/y/-dı-ım.
(keş*ke / ya*rın / o*ku*la / git*mek / zo*run*da / ol*ma*say*dım ↷)
I wish I wouldn’t have to go to school tomorrow. (But I will have to go.)

Keşke bir spor araba-am ol-sa/y/-dı.
(keş*ke / bir / spor / a*ra*bam / ol*say*dı ↷)

I wish I had a sports car. (But I don’t have.)

Daha büyük bir ev-im ol-ma-/s/ı-/n/ı arzu et-er-di-im.
(da*ha / bü*yük / bir / e*vim / ol*ma*sı*nı / ar*zu / e*der*dim ↷)
I wished I had a larger house.

Yabancı bir dil öğren-mek keşke daha kolay ol-sa/y/-dı.
(ya*ban* / bir / dil / öğ*ren*mek~ / keş*ke / da*ha / ko*lay / ol*say*dı ↷)
I wish learning a second language were (was) easier.

Keşke öğretmen-ler daha dost davranış-lı ol-sa-lar-dı.
(keş*ke / öğ*ret*men*ler / da*ha / dost / dav*ra*nış*lı / ol*sa*lar*dı ↷)
I wish teachers were more friendly.

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