Academic Vocabulary

for Fifth- to Seventh-Grade English Language Learners in Texas
A Teacher Resource Developed From the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) for English Language Arts and Reading (ELAR) and Mathematics

The Meadows Center for Preventing Educational Risk © 2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII

Acknowledgments
The Meadows Center for Preventing Educational Risk
María Elena Argüelles, Ph.D. Consultant Meaghan Edmonds, Ph.D. Senior Research Associate Angela Hairrell, Ph.D. Meadows Center Fellow Sharon Jackson, Ph.D. Director of Community Outreach

Sharon Vaughn, Ph.D. Executive Director

www.meadowscenter.org

Advisors
Elfrieda Hiebert, Ph.D. Paula Moeller, Ph.D.

Teacher Reviewers
Dorothy Centilli Amanda Goetzman Clara Klegg Rebecca Laurel Charlene Postell Jamie Ward Sarah Wilson

©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/ Education Service Center Region XIII

Texas Education Agency
These materials are copyrighted © by and are the property of the Texas Education Agency and the University of Texas System and may not be reproduced or distributed without their written permission. To obtain a license to reprint large quantities, contact licensing@texasreading.org. Lizzette Reynolds Deputy Commissioner, Statewide Policy and Programs Roberto Manzo Project Manager Everly Broadway, Ed.D. Director of Mathematics Susie Coultress Director of Bilingual/ ESL Education

Education Service Center Region XIII
Marilyn Peebles Project Coordinator

Contents
Introduction ......................................................................................... 5 Comprehensive Word Lists ................................................................ 17 English Language Arts and Reading ............................................. 17 Mathematics ................................................................................ 41 Grade-Level Word Lists ..................................................................... 59 Grade 5 English Language Arts and Reading ................................ 59 Grade 5 Mathematics ................................................................... 70 Grade 6 English Language Arts and Reading ................................ 76 Grade 6 Mathematics ................................................................... 87 Grade 7 English Language Arts and Reading ................................ 94 Grade 7 Mathematics ................................................................. 104 References ....................................................................................... 111

Dear Texas Teachers, This booklet serves as a resource for classroom teachers in Texas who work with the English language learner (ELL) population. Words included were selected from the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS), with the aim of identifying vocabulary that will help students learn content and skills represented on statewide assessments. We hope you find this booklet useful as you incorporate academic vocabulary into your instruction. Thank you for your dedication to providing highquality education for all Texas students!

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both written and spoken. Why Is Academic Vocabulary Important? National and state data trends indicate that ELLs lag behind their native English-speaking peers in academic achievement. 2005). and that traditionally have been identified from a corpus of academic texts. 2005. and demonstrate their knowledge and skills. The relationships between vocabulary knowledge and comprehension. approximately half (56%) of fifth-grade students with limited English proficiency passed the TAKS in reading in 2008. 2000. 2006). Stahl & Nagy. depending on the source and context in which the term is used. 2000. 2006). Some lists of academic vocabulary include an indication of each word or word family’s rate of occurrence in academic texts (e. Carnuccio. Coxhead. ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII 5 . develop subject-matter literacy. Although the reasons for the gaps are multifaceted and complex.Introduction What Is Academic Vocabulary? Academic vocabulary refers to the words that are used in academic discourse. we have defined academic vocabulary as “the key words and concepts in the TEKS for English Language Arts and Reading (ELAR) and Mathematics that will help ELLs in grades 5–7 • • • read and understand text.. Nagy. 70% of ELLs read below basic levels (Lee. vocabulary knowledge and acquisition are key factors (August. it is the language that students must use to effectively participate in the classroom environment” (p. Research has shown a strong and consistent predictive relationship between vocabulary knowledge and reading comprehension across grade levels (Alexander & Jetton. Ivens. These gaps occur across the grade levels and in other curricular areas. compared with 83% of the statewide fifth-grade population. Nationally. Ernst-Slavit. Zeno. Dressler. and language proficiency and reading growth. & Duvvuri. Carlo. 1995). Grigg. For the specific purposes of this booklet. 18). are well established in the literature.g. & Katz. Definitions of academic vocabulary can differ. For example. & Snow. & Donahue. 2007).” This definition aligns closely with the Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) PreK-12 English Language Proficiency Standards (Gottlieb. Millard. TESOL defines academic language as language that is “used to acquire a new or deeper understanding of content related to the core curriculum areas and communicate that understanding to others.

However. 2000).. the student is expected to summarize). and refined the lists. content area specific): These words relate to subject matter and concepts that students are expected to know (e. the student is expected to clarify.g.e. Gersten & Baker. and instruction for ELLs developed. Many factors influence the rate at which academic English is learned. Students may become fluent in conversational English relatively quickly. but it takes considerable time to develop the vocabulary needed to succeed in school. character. A recent review of literature on reading instruction for ELLs found strong evidence to support the inclusion of high-quality vocabulary instruction in a curriculum for ELLs (Gersten et al.. especially for ELLs (Beck et al. 2007). but research suggests that ELLs require 4 to 10 years to obtain the academic language and vocabulary of their native English-speaking peers (Collier. mathematics.. Carlo et al. Toward that goal. Fillmore & Snow. A group of educators and researchers with expertise in comprehension.g. the review panel recommended the development and adoption of vocabulary lists to help focus instruction on both content-specific vocabulary and common academic words that students may not know (Gersten et al. Terms by Grade and Subject Area The following table shows the number of terms included in this resource by grade level and subject area. 2007). nonnative English speakers in the upper elementary and middle school grades often face the challenge of learning core content with specialized vocabulary and basic English at the same time (Short & Fitzsimmons. These words have the potential to build a strong language foundation. Lists were then reviewed and refined by the advisory group and ELAR and Mathematics teachers who work with the ELL population. reviewed. 1989.. 2000)..to seventh-grade ELAR and Mathematics. academic vocabulary words: These words can be found across content areas and in multiple contexts.g. Teachers also can capitalize on the growing body of literature on effective vocabulary instruction for ELLs (e. 2002). decimal). This vocabulary challenge must be addressed through systematic and intensive vocabulary development and language-rich classrooms.. 2007). How Were Terms Selected? We identified the academic vocabulary in this resource from the TEKS for fifth. vocabulary. ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII 6 . In addition.. 2004).. 2006. evidence suggests that instructional approaches effective for teaching native speakers can also be used effectively with ELLs (August & Shanahan. Nonspecialized. The lead team members selected the following types of terms: • • • Specialized vocabulary words (i. Words and phrases that describe how students are expected to demonstrate their knowledge: These words often are found in the skills outlined in the TEKS student expectations (e.

2004. The lists are intended as a resource and should not be considered a mandate for which words to teach. by no means do we suggest that you teach all of the included words for your grade level and subject area. design the lists to be manageable. For example. Consider your students’ knowledge of the words when deciding which words to teach. For example. & Kucan. Important Distinctions Between the ELAR and Mathematics Vocabulary Lists The Mathematics list contains content-specific words from the TEKS. points. 2000. a student may be required to recognize and use the word in a variety of contexts (Beck. McKeown. and circles (Item = Locate an ordered pair that represents a point inside both the triangle and circle. during a school year. a seventh-grade mathematics teacher could address most of the words on the list by teaching approximately four words a week. Also consider the depth of knowledge you want your students to have for a given word—sometimes having some knowledge of a word will suffice.. Mathematics TAKS. on the other hand. out of context. 1965. a sample Mathematics item on a previously released TAKS directly assesses a student’s knowledge of ordered pairs.Grade level ELAR terms Mathematics terms Fifth grade Sixth grade Seventh grade 284 277 258 140 142 154 By no means do we suggest that you teach all of the words included in this resource for your grade level and subject area. Geometry and spatial reasoning in Mathematics). 2002. many of which appear on statewide assessments. released test). but you may choose to reorganize words to better meet your students’ needs. in ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII 7 . Graves. should you wish to incorporate most or all of the terms in your instruction. We did. Again. You may decide to delete or add terms. however. The lists include both specialized terms and common terms with which some students may already be familiar. but in other instances. Use your knowledge of your students and your school’s curriculum to determine which words to teach. How Can I Use This Booklet in My Instructional Planning? Our goal was to compile terms from the Texas curriculum in a useful format to help teachers plan effective instruction that incorporates academic vocabulary. the majority of words from the standards represent the language of instruction and not the academic and descriptive language found in the literature and informational text students will read in class (Nagy & Hiebert. 2006). Grade 6. triangles. nor would it be prudent to teach the words in isolation. Terms are organized by TEKS subsection (e. Graves. In the ELAR list. Carefully determine whether students must fully understand a word before deciding whether to incorporate it in your vocabulary instruction. Dale.g.

2000. and develop the skills of students to learn new vocabulary on their own (Graves. Vocabulary Development Direct vocabulary instruction is important. metaphor. Suggestions include the following. but it is insufficient and inefficient alone to foster students’ language and vocabulary development. we cannot include such words in this resource. However.g. 2002. it is imperative that English language arts teachers also address vocabulary found in the classroom literature. There is not one “best” approach to directly teaching academic vocabulary. raging. The method chosen should reflect how extensively you want your students to understand the vocabulary selected (Beck et al. but they must use their knowledge of other academic vocabulary. Many words on the ELAR list represent the language of instruction (e. Because we cannot predict which words students will encounter in the text they read in class. students are not assessed directly on their knowledge of the term simile. and discussion. Because we cannot predict which words students will encounter in the literature or informational text they read in class. Instead. 2000). A few strategies that can be adapted to teach academic vocabulary are listed on the pages following the guidelines. we cannot include such words in this resource. Students will encounter other academic vocabulary in the literary and informational text they read in class. writing. and danger to recognize a simile. we offer the following set of guidelines (adapted from Graves.press). How Do I Teach Academic Vocabulary? This booklet is not intended to provide in-depth information on how to develop and teach vocabulary. For example. • Teach important words in depth. Provide multiple opportunities for students to practice using language in discussions and writing. Integrate the most important academic vocabulary into your instructional routine so that students encounter the words often and have many opportunities to apply their knowledge of the words during reading. Graves. 2006) to help you become a thoughtful consumer of instructional tools and guide your planning as you incorporate academic vocabulary into your classroom. such as thousand. on a sample ELAR TAKS item. Ensure that students read often from a variety of text types.. Focus on the relationship of selected words to important concepts or themes. 2006). heighten students’ awareness of the language in the world around them. 2000.. it is imperative that English language arts teachers also address vocabulary found in the classroom literature. character). Direct Vocabulary Instruction • Teach specific vocabulary words directly. ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII 8 . However.

• Teach word learning strategies. Many of the words in this resource lend themselves to word study activities such as teaching common root words. write. In addition to specialized vocabulary. There are simply too many words to teach all unknown words through direct instruction (Nagy & Anderson. 2005. Joshi. 2000. they appear across multiple grade levels and standards. Baumann et al. Hiebert & Kamil. Encourage wide reading. This approach is especially useful for mathematical concepts that are difficult to explain verbally but that are well suited to nonverbal explanations. and suffixes. pictures. prefixes. Provide a student-friendly definition or have students restate. Students must talk.. Focus on important content area words and common academic words that may be unfamiliar to ELLs. Graves. Baumann. Teaching students how to use word parts and context to determine the meaning of unknown words has been shown to benefit vocabulary learning (e. In this resource. Students do not learn most words through direct instruction. Incidental learning and exposure to new words increase when students have many opportunities to read a variety of texts (Beck & McKeown.g. Direct vocabulary instruction is important. Edwards. the ◆ icon indicates the Spanish cognate for a word. students will take ownership of their language learning. • • ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII 9 . as part of your vocabulary instruction can provide a springboard for developing students’ second language (August & Shanahan. 2005). 1991. Use graphs. 1984). 2005). or symbols when appropriate. but it is insufficient alone to foster students’ language and vocabulary development. If students are aware of the vocabulary around them and actively engage in using new words and seeing the relationships among words. that is. Font. when appropriate. Support students’ vocabulary development by engaging them in discussions. such as addition and setting. Using Spanish-English cognates. and read often to expand their English language proficiency and vocabulary knowledge. Possible false cognates are also provided. for students who are at the beginning stages of learning English. as well as Spanish words that may be more commonly used than the Spanish cognate. In the Word Notes column of each list in this resource. • • • • Use student-friendly definitions of words and concepts. and increasing their awareness of language in the world around them. Teaching students these word foundations can go a long way toward helping students understand related vocabulary words. 2006. 2002). Foster a love of words and language in your classroom. in their own words. the ✪ icon indicates words that appear frequently in the TEKS. 2005). providing opportunities to read a wide variety of text. what they think the word means.. Capitalize on students’ knowledge of their first language. & Boland. This activity will help you monitor students’ understanding and help them develop a better understanding of the word (Marzano & Pickering. we have included common words.

Ask students to place the cards in order from the smallest measurement to the largest. Select a group of words that are related or belong to the same category (e. Ask students to sort the words into those that measure capacity and those that measure length. 3. yard.. Make a set of cards for each group or pair of students..g. types of numbers). Write the words on cards. Word Scaling This activity requires students to organize related words. Analogies Use math vocabulary words to create analogies. 2. Ask students to sort the words into two groups: customary and metric units of measurement. meter. size. The words selected are for illustration purposes. inch. 3. measurements. In addition. students engage in meaningful discussions about the words and explain the meanings to each other. and mile. 2. gallon.Sample Vocabulary-Building Strategies The following vocabulary-building strategies can be easily adapted to use for either English language arts or mathematics vocabulary. 4. smallest to largest. Give each group of students a set of cards with the words: centimeter. have students discuss and complete each. Steps for Word Scaling 1. kilometer. liter. Word Scaling works best when students work together in small groups or pairs. Ask students to arrange the cards in a particular order (e. As they organize the words. The strategies are designed so that other words can be easily substituted. Working in pairs or small groups.g. Sample Word Scaling When studying the vocabulary term systems of measurement: 1. students practice using the words. degrees). shapes. Sample Analogies • • • answer is to solution as question is to __________ (answer: problem) circle is to circumference as square is to __________ (answer: perimeter) The letter L is to right angle as the letter V is to ____________ (answer: acute angle) ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII 10 .

or members of categories associated with the target concept. 5. It can provide teachers with information about students who may need additional practice and instruction. Identify the target concept for the chart to teach. In the left column. if they know the word well enough to explain it to others Standard unit Metric unit Measures capacity Measures length Centimeter Inch Yard Liter Meter Gallon – + + – – + + – – + + – – – – + – + + + + – + – • RWK promotes metacognitive skills as students monitor their understanding of words and helps students to focus on the important vocabulary words in a chapter or unit. 2. 3. that can be used to prompt students to think and talk about the vocabulary words they will learn. if they have a general understanding of the word but cannot explain its meaning to others or use it in a sentence 4. it should encompass all the ideas or members of the categories used in the analysis. Read each word as you point to it. 2. In other words. Identify the features of words associated with the target concept. List these across the top row of the grid. The selected concept should be the most inclusive. Ask students to write the words in the left column. Steps for Semantic Feature Analysis 1. SFA illustrates the hierarchical relationships in a chart or grid. if they have never heard or seen the word before 2. 3. Determine the vocabulary words to be taught. 4. adapted from the work of Blachowicz and Fisher (2009). if they have heard or seen the word but do not know what it means 3. Ask students to rate their knowledge of the meaning of the word by writing a: • • • 1. RWK can also be used after instruction to determine whether students’ knowledge has changed. Steps for RWK 1. Write the words on the board.Semantic Feature Analysis Semantic Feature Analysis (SFA) is a strategy that can be used to organize visually new concepts and related vocabulary. 11 ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII . list the most concrete ideas. Sample Semantic Feature Analysis Systems of Measurement Rating Word Knowledge Rating Word Knowledge (RWK) is a graphic organizer.

teachers can use activities that prompt the ELLs to make connections to their native language. plot  ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII 12 . depending on the author’s perspective. Sample Cognate Connection English circle radius diameter circumference Spanish círculo radio diámetro circunferencia ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Venn Diagram Venn Diagram This activity (Nagy. 1988) can be used to compare and conThis activity (Nagy.  setting. o The purpose of the writing will change. 1988) can be used to compare and contrast two related vocabulary trast two related vocabulary words.o The conclusion of the story was quite ambiguous. Cognate Connection When the English language learners (ELLs) in a classroom all speak Spanish as their first language. SampleVenn Diagram Sample Venn Diagram ESSAY    NOVEL  • typically longer    • • • short    often in magazines  and newspapers    usually expresses a  point of view  • made of words and  sentences    • reading material    • may be interesting  or engaging    • mostly in book form    • tells a story    • fiction    • includes characters. words.

students disconcepts they represent. 7. 1985. 1985. 2. have have 0. vocabulary words and the teach 2006) is an activity used to teach vocabulary words and the concepts they represent.” Frayer Model The Frayer Model (Frayer. Frederick. 14 Composite  Number  Four Squares Four Squares Four Squares (Schwartz & Raphael. and by at least one other number all sides closed  Examples 4. In the following Frayer Model. nonexamples.” er Model.(undone)  mis. 9. Sample Sample Four Squares Four Word Squares Examples The labels for the boxes may be changed better fit fit characteristics of the concept The labels for the boxes may be changed toto better thethe charaffix being learned. 5. 8. 11 cuss and complete each of the squares.(misunderstand)  -ness (happiness)  -ly (calmly)  Nonexamples Definition A group of letters added to the beginning or end of a word to change its meaning or use misery run ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ 13 Examples polygon  Possible Sentences Nonexamples . In two of the boxes have been changed to the following Fray“Characteristics” and “Noncharacteristics. 3.” Characteristics Noncharacteristics • closed figure • sides are line segments • open figure • sides are not line segments un. In the following Frayer Model. Stahl & Nagy. and other information is written into the boxes. students discuss and complete each of the squares. 1. 6. two of the boxes have been changed to “Characteristics” and “Noncharacteristics.The labels for the boxes may be changed to better fit the characteristics of the concep being learned. Working in pairs. two of the boxes have been changed to “Characteristics” and “Noncharacteristics. Sample Frayer Model Sample Frayer Models Definition A whole number that can be divided evenly by more than two numbers Characteristics • closed figure • sides are line segments Noncharacteristics • open figure • sides are not line segments Examples • • • • polygon  Nonexamples not a line segment  triangle rectangle line segment  square rhombus open figure  Facts It can be divided by itself. The vocabulary word is entered into the central circle and supporting examples. acteristics of the concept being learned. 10. Working in pairs. 12. Stahl Nonexamples Squares2006) is an activity used to & Nagy. & Klausmeier. Four (Schwartz & Raphael. by 1. 1969) is a graphic organizer that helps students think about the relationships and categories associated with the vocabulary being taught. Students have an opportunity to explain and elaborate with examples their understanding of a concept or word.

14 ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII . 5. After the reading. 7. depending on the author’s perspective. Sample Possible Sentences • Difficult/unknown words: • • • • • • • • • adage ambiguous coherent compile conflict context emphasis perspective Easier/familiar words: • • • • • • audience comparison conclusion purpose summary unfamiliar • Sample sentences: • • • The audience enjoyed listening to the storyteller’s old adages. 8. Select six to eight words from the text that your students likely do not know. Preferably. The purpose of the writing will change. engaging students in discussions and providing student-friendly explanations. List all of the words on the board. 1991) is both a prereading and postreading activity that can be used with a wide variety of texts.Possible Sentences Possible Sentences (Stahl & Kapinus. Select five or six words that your students likely know. including narrative and expository passages. 9. Read the passage aloud to students or have them read it on their own. Discuss and guide students in changing some of the sentences so that they reflect the information from the reading. discuss whether the sentences on the board are similar to those found in the passage. Steps for Possible Sentences 1. 3. 4. Write student sentences on the board. The conclusion of the story was quite ambiguous. Introduce the text and activate students’ prior knowledge. Discuss the meaning of the words. 6. Ask students to work in pairs to create sentences that use at least two of the words and that are similar to the sentences in the passage. select words that represent key concepts and ideas from the passage. 2.

org/resources/word-list Others Fry. Keep in mind that many of the terms in this booklet are specialized. R. (1995).. Word Zones (2005) includes 5. J.. Freddy Hiebert’s Text Project. ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII 15 . By selecting words that students will frequently use and read. & Kress. we encourage you to explore these publications to find examples and additional explanations. and 2. (2006).textproject. Zeno. textproject. Academic Word List Averil Coxhead (2000) compiled the Academic Word List (AWL).g. Millard.). E. it may be helpful to consult lists of the most common words in the English language.nz/ lals/resources/academicwordlist Word Zones Published as part of Dr.. S. Download the list for free at: www. E. San Francisco. Focus on words that are both important and useful. • For in-depth instruction.Sample Word Lists When teaching vocabulary and working with a population of English language learners. CA: Jossey-Bass. content-specific vocabulary and may not appear on the lists of “most frequent” words. The list focuses on academic words and thus excludes the most common 2. The lists can be found on Coxhead’s Web site: www. We offer a summary of guidelines developed by Beck et al. How Do I Decide Which Words to Teach? Selecting words to teach is an important component of vocabulary instruction.000 words. The educator’s word frequency guide.000 Most Frequent Words in Middle-Grade and High School Texts”: www.000 words. NY: Touchstone Applied Science Associates. R. overarching concepts in mathematics).ac. H.org/ resources/word-zones-list Also available on the Text Project Web site is “The 1. New York.. S. B. 500. 1. & Duvvuri.victoria.000. you help to build a strong vocabulary foundation.. M. select words that are important for understanding the “big ideas” in the lesson (e. The list is organized into 10 sublists in order from the most to least frequent word families. grouped into four zones of approximately 300. Below are a few such lists. The reading teacher’s book of lists (5th ed.586 of the most frequently used words. the 570 word families most frequently used in a corpus of academic texts. T. (2002) and Nagy and Hiebert (in press) below. Ivens.

and discuss across the content areas. omniscient). To clarify the intended use of a word. first person. Instructional time is valuable. We did not list words used to describe the intent or purpose of the standards. 4..g. Words are organized by TEKS category. a word is found in the TEKS for fifth and seventh grades but not for sixth grade. 7. 2. write. For example. Teaching such words can greatly benefit ELLs’ vocabulary development. In some cases. the alternate category is noted in parentheses next to the knowledge and skills number. 8. polygon). Examples and notes are provided in the Word Notes column.• Select words that are domain specific and critical to understanding the topic.. We included only words from the standards themselves (i. the knowledge and skills statements). • For ELLs. Time allocated to in-depth vocabulary instruction should focus on the most useful words to students as they read. Words found in multiple categories are placed in the most logical or relevant category. When the same word appears in different categories in different grade levels. In some instances. Notes About the Word Lists 1. High-frequency words in the TEKS (those that appear often and across grade levels) are marked with the ✪ icon. A check mark (✓) indicates that a word is used in the TEKS for that grade level and that a sample student objective is listed. words like categorize and process are used across many content areas but are often not the focus of instruction because they are not central to a text or a specific content area. also select words that may not be critical to comprehending a particular text but that are commonly encountered across the content areas. For example.. those words are listed together. 5. the blank columns for other grades). examples are provided and words with subject-specific meanings are noted in the Word Notes column when appropriate. third person. a word is found in only one or two of the three grades reviewed (thus.e. the entry for point of view includes a note about the various types addressed in the TEKS (e. 3. If teaching related words in conjunction could enhance concept learning. ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII 16 . 6.g. even if those words are not particularly useful (e. Spanish cognates are marked in the Word Notes column with the ◆ icon.

◆ = Spanish cognate ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII 17 .Comprehensive Word Lists English Language Arts and Reading (ELAR) Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Reading/Fluency expression fluency read text ✪ ✓ 1 ✓ 1 ✓ 1 ✓ 1 ✓ 1 ✓ 1 ✓ 1 ✓ (Listening and Speaking) 26C Subject-specific meaning ◆ expresión ◆ fluidez Related form: reading ◆ texto ✓ 1 ✓ 1 ✓ 1 Reading/Vocabulary Development adage affix ambiguous analogy antonym/synonym ✓ 2C ✓ 2C ✓ 2C ✓ 2D ✓ 2A ✓ 2A ✓ 2A ✓ 2B ✓ 2C ◆ ambiguo ◆ analogía ◆ antónimo/sinónimo ◆ adagio (more commonly proverbio) ✪ = high-frequency word in the TEKS.

Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes clarify derived determine ✪ dictionary foreign glossary Greek affix Greek root idiom Latin affix Latin root linguistic root multiple meaning words pronunciation root saying syllable ✓ 2B ✓ 2A ✓ 2B ✓ 2E ✓ 2B ✓ 2A ✓ 2B ✓ 2E ✓ 2D ✓ 2B ✓ 2A ✓ 2B ✓ 2E ✓ 2D ✓ 2E ✓ 2A ✓ 2A 15Bii ✓ (Writing) ◆ clarificar ◆ derivado ◆ determinar ◆ diccionario Example: foreign words common in English (e.) 18 .. bona fide) ◆ glosario ✓ 2E ✓ 2A ✓ 2A ✓ 2D ✓ 2A ✓ 2A ✓ 2A ✓ 2B ✓ 2E ✓ 2A ✓ 2D ✓ 2E ✓ 2E ✓ 2A ✓ 2A Possible false cognate: idioma ✓ 2A ✓ 2A ✓ 2A ✓ 2B ✓ 2E ✓ 2A ✓ 2A ✓ 2A ✓ 2A ◆ lingüística ✓ 2E ✓ 2A ◆ pronunciación Subject-specific meaning ✓ 2E ✓ 2E ◆ sílaba ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive ELAR (cont.g.

Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes thesaurus understand unfamiliar vocabulary whole word choice ✓ 2E ✓ 2 ✓ 2B ✓ 2 ✓ 2E ✓ 2 ✓ 2B ✓ 2 ✓ 2C ✓ 2E ✓ 2 ✓ 2B ✓ 2 ✓ 2C ✓ 2E ◆ tesauro Related form: understanding (as in to demonstrate understanding) ◆ poco familiar (more commonly desconocido) ◆ vocabulario Subject-specific meaning Example: part-to-whole analogies ✓ 2E ✓ 2E Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Theme and Genre classical comprehension culture describe ✪ distinguish epic tale fiction genre historical ✓ 3A ✓ 3 ✓ 3C ✓ 3A ✓ 3 ✓ 3C ✓ 3 ✓ 3A ✓ 3B ✓ 3B ✓ 3 ✓ 3C ✓ 6C (Fiction) ✓ 3A ✓ 3A 10B ✓ (Informational Text) ✓ 3B ✓ 3A ✓ 3 ✓ 3 ◆ ficción ◆ género Examples: historical event. setting ◆ histórico ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII ◆ clásico ✓ 3 ◆ comprensión Related form: cultural ◆ cultura ◆ describir Related form: distinguishing ◆ distinguir Comprehensive ELAR (cont.) 19 . movement.

) 20 ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes inference/infer ✪ literary literature moral movement myth phenomena place theme ✪ time ✓ 3 ✓ 8A Language) (Sensory ✓ 3B ✓ 3A ✓ 3C ✓ 3B ✓ 3B ✓ 3A ✓ 3C ✓ 3B ✓ 3 ✓ 3C ◆ inferencia/inferir ◆ literario ◆ literatura Example: moral lessons ◆ moral ◆ movimiento ✓ 3B ✓ 3B ◆ mito ◆ fenómeno ✓ 3C ✓ 3A ✓ 3A ✓ (Oral and Written Conventions) Subject-specific meaning Example: place and time ◆ tema Subject-specific meaning ✓ 3A ✓ 3C 19Av Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Poetry alliteration analyze ✪ hyperbole internal rhyme onomatopoeia ✓ 4 ✓ 4 ✓ 15Bi (Writing) ✓ 4 ✓ 4 ✓ 15Bi (Writing) ✓ 3B and Genre) (Theme ✓ 4 ✓ 4 15Bii ✓ (Writing) ◆ aliteración ◆ analizar ◆ hipérbola ◆ ritmo interno ◆ onomatopeya Comprehensive ELAR (cont.

) 21 .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes personification poet poetry rhyme scheme sound effect ✓ 4 ✓ 4 ✓ 4 ✓ 4 ✓ 4 ✓ 15Bii (Writing) ◆ personificación ◆ poeta ✓ 4 ✓ 4 15Bi ✓ (Writing) ◆ poesía ◆ esquema de rimas ◆ efecto de sonido Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Drama drama film play playwright stage direction ✓ 5 ✓ 5 ✓ 5 ✓ 5 ✓ 5 ✓ 5 ✓ 5 ✓ 27 (Listening and Speaking) Related form: dramatic adaptation ◆ drama ◆ filme/filmar (verb) Subject-specific meaning Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Fiction character ✪ climax conflict ✓ 6B ✓ 6B ✓ 6B ✓ 6A ✓ 6B ✓ 6B Subject-specific meaning Possible false cognate: carácter Subject-specific meaning ◆ clímax Example: internal and external conflicts of a character ◆ conflicto ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive ELAR (cont.

) 22 ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes denouement dialect explain ✪ falling action foreshadow forms motivation novel plot ✪ plot development relationship rising action role turning point ✓ 6A ✓ 6B ✓ 6A ✓ 6B ✓ 6A ✓ 6C ✓ 6B ✓ 6A ✓ 6B ✓ 6B ✓ 6A ✓ 6A ◆ dialecto ◆ explicar Subject-specific meaning ✓ 6C ✓ 6C ✓ 6B Examples: forms of words or media. form an overview ◆ formas ◆ motivación ◆ novela ✓ 6A ✓ 6A ✓ 23C (Research) ✓ 6A ✓ 6A ✓ 6B Subject-specific meaning ◆ relación ◆ rol (more commonly papel) ✓ 6A Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Literary Nonfiction autobiography biography ✓ 7 ✓ 7 ✓ 7 ✓ 7 ◆ autobiografía ◆ biografía Comprehensive ELAR (cont.

Word or Phrase

Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard

Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard

Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard

Word Notes

characteristic diary literary device literary language memoir nonfiction structural pattern ✓ 7 ✓ 7 ✓ 7 ✓ 7

✓ 7 ✓ 7 ✓ 7 ✓ 7 ✓ 7 ✓ 7 ✓ 7 ✓ 7 ✓ 7 15Av ✓ (Writing)

◆ característica ◆ diario

◆ lenguaje literario ◆ memoria ◆ no ficción ◆ patrón estructural

Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Sensory Language
author evaluate imagery mood refrain sensory language ✓ 8 ✓ 8 ✓ 8 ✓ 8 ✓ 7 (Literary Nonfiction) ✓ 8 ✓ 8 ✓ 8 ✓ 24B (Research) ✓ 8 ✓ 8 13C ✓ (Media Literacy) ✓ 8 ✓ 8 Example: author’s tools (e.g., sensory language) ◆ autor ◆ evaluar ◆ imaginería Subject-specific meaning Possible false cognate: refrán ◆ lenguaje sensorial

Reading/Comprehension of Text/Independent Reading
journal logical order ✓ 9 ✓ 9 See also: sequence of events ◆ orden lógico
Comprehensive ELAR (cont.) 23

©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII

Word or Phrase

Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard

Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard

Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard

Word Notes

reading log

✓ 9

Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Culture and History
author’s purpose contemporary implicit/implied ✓ 10 ✓ 10 ✓ 11A (Persuasive Text) ✓ 9 ✓ 9A ✓ 9 ✓ 9 13A ✓ (Media Literacy) ◆ propósito del autor ◆ contemporáneo ◆ implícito

Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Expository Text
classification scheme ✓ 11C claims compare and contrast ✪ different draw conclusions ✪ logical connection main idea meaning method opinion organizational ✪ ✓ 11C ✓ 11C ✓ 11E ✓ 11 ✓ 11E ✓ 11A ✓ 11A ✓ 11B ✓ 10A ✓ 10C ✓ 10B ✓ 10C 14B ✓ (Writing) ✓ 10D ✓ 10 ✓ 10D ✓ 10A ✓ 10B 14B ✓ (Writing) ✓ 10D ✓ 10 ✓ 10D ✓ 10A ✓ 10A Example: maintain meaning ◆ método ◆ opinión Examples: organizational patterns, structures, strategy (in writing) ◆ organizativo
©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII

◆ esquema de clasificación Example: categorical claims ◆ comparar y contrastar ◆ diferente

◆ conexión lógica

Comprehensive ELAR (cont.)

24

Word or Phrase

Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard

Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard

Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard

Word Notes

overview problem-andsolution proposition-andsupport sequential order similarities summarize ✪ summary supporting detail synthesize text feature verify

✓ 11D ✓ 10C ✓ 10C ✓ 11C ✓ 11E ✓ 11A ✓ 10D ✓ 10A ✓ 10A ✓ 11A ✓ 11E ✓ 11D ✓ 11B ✓ 10A ✓ 10D

✓ 10C ◆ problema-y-solución ◆ proposición-y-soporte Possible false cognate: soportar ◆ orden secuencial ✓ 10D Related form: similar ◆ similitudes

✓ 10A ✓ 10A ✓ 10D ◆ sintetizar

◆ verificar

Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Persuasive Text
ad hominem argument author’s viewpoint exaggerated identify ✪ ✓ 12A ✓ 12A ✓ 12B ✓ 12A ✓ 11B ✓ 10B (Expository Text) ✓ 11A ✓ 11B ✓ 11A 18C ✓ (Writing) ✓ 11B ✓ 11B ◆ exagerado ◆ identificar
Comprehensive ELAR (cont.) 25

Possible false cognate: argumento

©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII

exaggeration.) 26 ◆ diagrama ✓ 10B (Expository Text) ◆ factual (more commonly basado en los hechos) ◆ ilustración ✓ 13A Literacy) (Media ◆ interpretar ◆ mapa ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes parallelism policy rhetorical fallacy stereotype/ stereotyping structure viewpoint ✓ 12A ✓ 11A ✓ 11B ✓ 11B 18Aiii ✓ (Writing) ✓ 12A ✓ 11A ✓ 11A ✓ 11A ✓ 18C (Writing) ◆ paralelismo Example: policy speech ◆ póliza Examples: ad hominem. categorical claims ◆ falacia retórica ◆ estereotipo/estereotipar ◆ estructura Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Procedural Texts diagram factual illustration interpret map perform problem procedural procedure ✓ 13B ✓ 13B ✓ 13B ✓ 13A ✓ 13B ✓ 13A ✓ 13A ✓ 13A ✓ 13A ✓ 12A ✓ 12A ✓ 12B ✓ 12B ✓ 12B ✓ 12B ✓ 12B ✓ 12A ✓ 12A ✓ 12A ✓ 12A ◆ problema Example: procedural text ◆ procedimiento Comprehensive ELAR (cont. stereotyping.

) 27 .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes quantitative (information) solve table task timeline ✓ 13B ✓ 13A ✓ 13B ✓ 13A ✓ 13B ✓ 12B ✓ 12A ✓ 12B ✓ 12A ✓ 12B ✓ 12A ✓ 12A ◆ (información) cuantitativa ◆ resolver (more commonly solucionar) ◆ tabla Reading/Media Literacy commercial critique digital documentary explicit formality/informality ✓ 14D image influence media ✪ news ✓ 14 ✓ 14C ✓ 14B ✓ 14B ✓ 13D ✓ 13 ✓ 13B ✓ 13A ✓ 14D ✓ 14A ✓ 13A ✓ 13D ✓ 13 ✓ 13B ✓ 13C ✓ 14B ✓ 13C ✓ 13D ✓ 27 ◆ comercial Part of speech in example: noun Related form: criticism ◆ crítica ◆ digital ◆ documentario ◆ explícito ◆ formalidad/informalidad ◆ imágen ◆ influenciar ◆ medios de comunicación Example: televised news (Listening and Speaking) ✓ 13D ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive ELAR (cont.

Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes recognize ✓ 12B (Comprehension of Informational Text) ✓ 13B ✓ 20B (Oral and Written Conventions) ◆ reconocer Example: poetic techniques such as alliteration ◆ técnica Subject-specific meaning ◆ tono technique ✪ tone venue ✓ 14A ✓ 13B ✓ 13B ✓ 13D ✓ 14B ✓ 13D Writing/Writing Process background reading cause and effect ✪ coherent complex sentence controlling idea develop discussion draft ✪ edit enhance feedback ✓ 15A ✓ 15B ✓ 15A ✓ 15B ✓ 15D ✓ 15C ✓ 15E ✓ 14E ✓ 14E Comprehensive ELAR (cont.) 28 ✓ 15A ✓ 15B ✓ 15B ✓ 14B ✓ 14B ✓ 14B ✓ 14C ✓ 14C ✓ 14A ✓ 14B ✓ 14A ✓ 14B ✓ 14D ✓ 14A ✓ 14B ✓ 14A ✓ 14B ✓ 14D ◆ editar ◆ discusión ◆ idea de control ◆ causa y efecto Examples: internal/external coherence ◆ coherente ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII .

Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes genre ✪ grammar interview personal interests process publish purpose ✪ revise ✪ sequence of events simple sentence spelling ✪ strategy style thesis ✓ 15A ✓ 15D ✓ 15A ✓ 15A ✓ 15 ✓ 15E ✓ 15C ✓ 15C ✓ 15B ✓ 15C ✓ 15D ✓ 15A ✓ 15C ✓ 15A ✓ 14A ✓ 14D ✓ 14A ✓ 14A ✓ 14 ✓ 14E ✓ 14C ✓ 14C ✓ 14B ✓ 14C ✓ 14D ✓ 14A ✓ 14C ✓ 14A ✓ 14A ✓ 14D ✓ 14A ✓ 14A ✓ 14 ✓ 14E ✓ 14C ✓ 14C ✓ 14B ✓ 14C ✓ 14D ✓ 14A ✓ 15Av Texts) (Literary ✓ 14A ◆ género ◆ gramática ◆ entrevista ◆ intereses personales Example: writing process ◆ proceso ◆ publicar ◆ propósito ◆ revisar See also: logical order ◆ secuencia de eventos ◆ estrategia ◆ estilo ◆ tesis Writing/Literary Texts dialogue ✓ 16Aiii ✓ 15Aiii ✓ 5 (Reading) ◆ diálogo ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive ELAR (cont.) 29 .

) 30 . graphical elements ◆ elemento ◆ lenguaje figurado ◆ foco Related form: graphical ◆ gráfica figurative language ✪ ✓ 16Bii focus graphic ✪ imaginative story metaphor meter poem point of view ✪ sensory details setting ✪ similes story story line write ✪ ✓ 16A ✓ 16B ✓ 16Ai ✓ 16Aii ✓ 16Aii ✓ 16Bii ✓ 16A ✓ 16Ai ✓ 16Bii ✓ 16A ✓ 16Bii ◆ metáfora ✓ 15B Subject-specific meaning ◆ metro ◆ poema Examples: first person.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes element ✓ 16Biii ✓ 15Biii ✓ 15Bii ✓ 15Ai ✓ 15Biii ✓ 15A ✓ 15Bii ✓ 15Biii ✓ 15Bii ✓ 16A (Personal) ✓ 15Biii ✓ 15A Examples: stylistic elements. third person. omniscient ◆ punto de vista ◆ detalles sensoriales Subject-specific meaning ◆ símiles ✓ 15B ✓ 15Ai ✓ 15Aii ✓ 15Aii ✓ 15Bii ✓ 15Aiii ✓ 5 (Reading) ✓ 15A ✓ 15B 14C ✓ (Writing Process) ✓ 15Aii ✓ 15Aii ✓ 3B (Reading) ✓ 15Aiii ✓ 15Aii ✓ 15A ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive ELAR (cont.

) 31 Related form: demonstrate ◆ detalles ◆ expositivo ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Writing (Personal) action communicate consequence personal narrative ✓ 17 ✓ 16 ✓ 16 ✓ 16 ✓ 16 ✓ 16 ✓ 16 ✓ 16 ✓ 16 ◆ acción ◆ comunicar ◆ consecuencia See also: memoir ◆ narrativas personales Writing/Expository and Procedural Texts closing/closure concluding paragraph conventions convey ✪ demonstrate understanding details essay expository fact formal ✓ 18B ✓ 18Ai ✓ 18B ✓ 18A ✓ 18C ✓ 18Aiii ✓ 18A ✓ 18C ✓ 18Aiii ✓ 18B ✓ 17B ✓ 17Ai ✓ 17B ✓ 17A ✓ 17C ✓ 17Aiii ✓ 17A ✓ 17C ✓ 17Aiii ✓ 17B ✓ 17Ai ✓ 20A (Oral and Written Conventions) Subject-specific meaning Example: the closing of a letter ◆ párrafo conclusivo Subject-specific meaning ◆ convenciones ✓ 17A ✓ 17C ✓ 17Aiii ✓ 17A ✓ 17C ✓ 17Aiii ✓ 17B Example: formal letters ◆ formal Comprehensive ELAR (cont.

complex Comprehensive ELAR (cont.) 32 ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII . compound.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes guide inconsistency inform information ✪ introduction key idea ✓ 18Aii ✓ 17Aii ✓ 17Aiii Part of speech in example: verb ◆ guía ◆ inconsistencia ◆ informar ◆ información Subject-specific meaning ◆ introducción ✓ 18Aii ✓ 18A ✓ 18Ai ✓ 18Aii ✓ 17Aii ✓ 17A ✓ 17Ai ✓ 17Aii 13C ✓ (Reading) ✓ 17A ✓ 17Ai Subject-specific meaning letter ✓ 18B ✓ 17B ✓ 17B Example: writing a letter Possible false cognate for this usage: letra (refers to alphabetical letters) ◆ multimedia ◆ párrafo Part of speech in example: verb ◆ presente ◆ presentación ◆ respuesta multimedia paragraph ✪ present presentation ✪ response rhetorical device salutation sentence structure ✓ 18B ✓ 18Aiv ✓ 18A ✓ 18Ai ✓ 14C (Reading) ✓ 18C ✓ 17D ✓ 17A ✓ 17Ai ✓ 17D ✓ 17C ✓ 17D ✓ 17C ✓ 17Ai ✓ 17D ✓ 17C ✓ 17Av ◆ salutación (more commonly saludo) ✓ 17Aiv ✓ 17Av Examples: simple.

establish a position ◆ posición Part of speech in example: adjective ◆ alternativa/alternar ◆ audiencia Related form: consideration ◆ considerar Oral and Written Conventions/Conventions active voice ✓ 20Ai ✓ 19B ◆ voz activa ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive ELAR (cont.) 33 .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes sound topic ✪ ✓ 18A ✓ 17A ✓ 17D ✓ 17A ◆ sonido ◆ tópico (more commonly tema) Subject-specific meaning Part of speech in example: noun ◆ transición transition ✪ ✓ 18Aiv ✓ 17Aiv ✓ 17Av Writing/Persuasive Texts alternative/alternate audience ✪ consider counter-argument establish persuasive ✓ 19 ✓ 19 ✓ 18 ✓ 18 ✓ 19 ✓ 19 ✓ 19 ✓ 18 ✓ 18 ✓ 18 ✓ 2E (Reading) ✓ 18 ✓ 18B ✓ 18B ✓ 18A ✓ 18 Example: establish a position ◆ establecer ◆ persuasivo Subject-specific meaning position ✓ 19 ✓ 18 ✓ 18A Examples: author’s position.

) 34 . predicate.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Related form: adjectival adjective ✓ 20Aiii ✓ 19Aiii 19Aiii Examples: descriptive. superlative ◆ adjetivo Related form: adverbial ◆ adverbio Subject-specific meaning ◆ antecedente adverb antecedent appositive phrase collective nouns comparative adjective compound sentence ✪ conjunctive adverb context ✪ function ✪ indefinite pronoun irregular verb modifier parallel structure participle ✓ 20Aiv ✓ 19Aiv ✓ 19Aiii ✓ 19C ✓ 19Aii ✓ 20Aii ✓ 20Aiii ✓ 20C ✓ 19Aiii ✓ 19C ✓ 19Aiv ✓ 20A ✓ 20A ✓ 20Avi ✓ 20Ai ✓ 19A ✓ 19A ✓ 19Avi ✓ 19Ai ✓ 19C ✓ 19C ✓ 19Ai ✓ 19C ✓ 19Aiv ✓ 19A ✓ 19A ◆ adverbio conjuntivo ◆ contexto ◆ función ◆ pronombre indefinido ◆ verbo irregular ◆ modificador ◆ estructura paralela ◆ participio ◆ adjetivo comparativo ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive ELAR (cont.

) 35 ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes parts of speech ✪ passive voice perfect tense phrase predicate preposition prepositional phrase progressive tense relative pronoun subject subject-verb agreement subordinate clause subordinating conjunction superlative adjective tense verb ✓ 20A ✓ 19A ✓ 19B ✓ 19A ◆ voz pasiva ✓ 19Ai ✓ 20Av ✓ 20B ✓ 20Av ✓ 20Av ✓ 19Av ✓ 19Aiii ✓ 19Av ✓ 19Av ✓ 19Av Example: prepositional or appositive phrase ◆ frase Example: predicate adjective ◆ predicado ✓ 19Av ✓ 19Av ✓ 19Ai ✓ 19Avi ◆ preposición ◆ frase preposicional ◆ pronombre relativo ◆ sujeto ✓ 20B ✓ 20C ✓ 19C ✓ 19Av ✓ 19B ✓ 20Avii ✓ 20Aiii ✓ 19Avii ✓ 19Aiii ✓ 19Ai ✓ 20Ai ✓ 19Ai ✓ 19Ai ✓ 19Avii ◆ cláusula subordinada ◆ conjunción subordinada ◆ adjetivo superlativo Subject-specific meaning Possible false cognate: tenso ◆ verbo Comprehensive ELAR (cont.

Capitalization.) 36 ✓ 21i ✓ 21Aii ✓ 20Ai ✓ 20Aii ✓ 20Biii ◆ abreviación ◆ acrónimo ✓ 21A ✓ 20A ✓ 20A ✓ 20Bi ✓ 20Bii Possible false cognate: capitalización Examples: subordinate clause ◆ cláusula ✓ 21Bi ✓ 21 ✓ 20Bi ✓ 20 ✓ 20Biii ✓ 20Bi ✓ 20 ◆ coma Subject-specific meaning ◆ composición ◆ elipse ◆ énfasis ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Oral and Written Conventions/Handwriting. and Punctuation abbreviation acronym brackets capitalization clause colon comma composition ellipses emphasis hyphen initials italics legible mechanics ✪ organization ✓ 21Aii ✓ 21C ✓ 21 ✓ 21C ✓ 21Aiii ✓ 20Aii ✓ 20C 20 ✓ 20C ✓ 20Aiii 20 ✓ 14D (Reading) ✓ 21C ✓ 20Bii ◆ iniciales ◆ itálicas ◆ legible Subject-specific meaning Possible false cognate: mecánica ◆ organización Comprehensive ELAR (cont.

Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes parentheses punctuation punctuation mark quotation ✪ semicolon title ✓ 21C ✓ 21Bii ✓ 21B ✓ 21Bii ✓ 20Biii ✓ 20Bii ✓ 20B ✓ 20Bii ✓ 20B ✓ 17C (Writing) ✓ 20Bii ✓ 20C ✓ 23C (Research) ◆ paréntesis ◆ puntuación Subject-specific meaning ◆ título Oral and Written Conventions/Spelling consonant Greek suffix Latin suffix spelling pattern suffix vowel word processing ✓ 22Aiii ✓ 22Biii ✓ 22Biv ✓ 22A ✓ 22Biii ✓ 22Aii ✓ 22E ✓ 21C ✓ 21B ◆ consonante ◆ sufijo griego ◆ sufijo latino Related form: orthographic pattern ◆ sufijo Research/Research Plan brainstorm consult ✓ 23A ✓ 23A ✓ 22A ✓ 22A ✓ 22A ✓ 22A Part of speech in example: verb ◆ consultar Comprehensive ELAR (cont.) 37 ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII .

Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes decide ✓ 23A ✓ 22A ✓ 22A ✓ 22A ✓ 22B ✓ 22A ✓ 22 ✓ 22A ✓ 24A (Synthesizing Information) ◆ decidir open-ended question ✓ 23A research ✪ research question ✪ ✓ 23A ✓ 23B Research/Gathering Sources bibliography ✪ chart cite/citation data differentiate ✪ electronic online paraphrase periodical plagiarism primary source ✓ 24D ✓ 24C ✓ 24E ✓ 24C ✓ 24B ✓ 24A ✓ 24A ✓ 9 (Reading) ✓ 24A ✓ 24E ✓ 24B ✓ 23D ✓ 23C Part of speech in example: verb ✓ 23E ✓ 23C ✓ 23B ✓ 23A ✓ 23A ✓ 23E ✓ 23A ✓ 23E ✓ 23B ✓ 23D ✓ 23D ✓ 23D ✓ 23A ✓ 23D ◆ citar Possible false cognate: citación ◆ datos ◆ diferenciar ◆ electrónico ◆ en línea ◆ paráfrasis ◆ periódica ◆ plagio ✓ 23C ◆ bibliografía ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive ELAR (cont.) 38 .

) 39 .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes record reference research plan resource ✪ secondary source technology visual ✓ 24C ✓ 24A ✓ 24A ✓ 24A ✓ 24B ✓ 24C ✓ 24C ✓ 23C ✓ 23A ✓ 23A ✓ 23A ✓ 23B ✓ 23C ✓ 23C ✓ 23C ✓ 22B Plan) (Research ✓ 23A ✓ 21 (Oral and Written Conventions) Part of speech in example: verb Possible false cognate: recordar ◆ referencia ◆ recurso ✓ 17D (Writing) ✓ 13B (Reading) ◆ tecnología ◆ visual Research/Synthesizing Information relevant/irrelevant reliable/reliability source ✪ valid/validity ✓ 25B ✓ 25B ✓ 25B ✓ 25B ✓ 24B ✓ 24B ✓ 24B ✓ 23E Sources) (Gathering ✓ 24B ✓ 24B ✓ 24B Subject-specific meaning ◆ válido/validez Related form: relevance ◆ relevante/irrelevante Research/Organizing and Presenting Ideas compile conclusion documentation ✓ 26A ✓ 26B ✓ 26D ✓ 25A ✓ 25B ✓ 25D ✓ 25A ◆ compilar Example: support conclusions in research ◆ conclusión ◆ documentación ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive ELAR (cont.

facial expression ◆ verbal no verbal ◆ perspectiva Listening and Speaking/Speaking enunciation eye contact gesture ✓ 28 ✓ 28 ✓ 28 ✓ 27 ✓ 27 ✓ 27 ✓ 27 ✓ 27 ✓ 27 ◆ gesto ◆ enunciación ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive ELAR (cont.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes evidence ✪ findings ✪ format topic sentence ✓ 26B ✓ 26B ✓ 26C ✓ 26B ✓ 25B ✓ 25B ✓ 25C ✓ 25B ✓ 25B ✓ 25A ✓ 25C ◆ evidencia ◆ formato Listening and Speaking/Listening instructions message ✪ nonverbal/verbal perspective ✓ 27B ✓ 27A ✓ 27A ✓ 27A ✓ 26B ✓ 26A ✓ 26A ✓ 26A ✓ 26B ✓ 26C ✓ 26C ◆ instrucciones ◆ mensaje Example: nonverbal cues such as gesture. posture.) 40 .

operation. ◆ = Spanish cognate ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII 41 . and quantitative reasoning addition algorithm approximate calculator common denominator common factor compare compatible decimal ✪ denominator density ✓ 2C ✓ 3D ✓ 1A ✓ 4 ✓ 1B ✓ 3E ✓ 2D ✓ 1B ✓ 1B ✓ 1E ✓ 1A ✓ 1A ✓ 2D ✓ 1B ✓ 3A ✓ 2A ✓ 2B ✓ 2C Related form: add ◆ adición (more commonly suma) ◆ algoritmo ◆ aproximado ◆ calculadora ◆ denominador común Example: greatest common factor ◆ factor común ◆ comparar ◆ compatible ◆ decimal ◆ denominador ◆ densidad ✪ = high-frequency word in the TEKS.Mathematics Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Number.

) 42 . and algebraic thinking) ✓ 2C ✓ 2A ◆ equivalente ◆ exponente Related form: fractional ◆ fracción ◆ generar ✓ 1B ✓ 1E (Underlying processes and mathematical tools) ◆ identificar ◆ fracción impropia ✓ 1A ✓ 2 Example: positive integer ◆ justificar justify ✓ 2 ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive Math (cont.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes digit dividend division ✪ divisor equivalent exponent fraction ✪ generate hundredths identify ✪ improper fraction integer ✓ 3B ✓ 3C ✓ 3C ✓ 3C ✓ 2A ✓ 1 ✓ 1D ✓ 2A ✓ 2B ✓ 2D ✓ 13A ✓ 3D ✓ 2B ✓ 1C ✓ 16B (Underlying processes and mathematical tools) ◆ dígito Subject-specific meaning ◆ dividendo Related form: divide ◆ división ◆ divisor ✓ 1 ✓ 2E ✓ 1B ✓ 4A ✓ 1B (Patterns. relationships.

relationships. and algebraic thinking) ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive Math (cont.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes mixed number ✓ 2B ✓ 2D ✓ 2A ✓ 1C ◆ número mixto Parts of speech in examples: noun (models) and verb (to model) ◆ modelos (noun)/modelar (verb) Example: least common multiple ◆ múltiplo Related form: multiply ◆ multiplicación Example: rational non-negative number ◆ negative: negativo ◆ número ✓ 2E ✓ 2A ✓ 1 ✓ 1A ✓ 2E ✓ 1B ◆ numérico Example: real objects ◆ objeto ◆ operación ◆ orden ◆ el orden de las operaciones ◆ por ciento models/model ✪ multiple multiplication ✪ non-negative number number numerical object operation order order of operations percent ✓ 3E ✓ 1 ✓ 1A ✓ 3E ✓ 3B ✓ 1F ✓ 2C ✓ 1A ✓ 2A ✓ 12A (Underlying processes and mathematical tools) ✓ 2B ✓ 2A ✓ 1 ✓ 1A ✓ 2E ✓ 3B (Patterns.) 43 .

Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes place value price prime factor problem quantitative reasoning quantity rate ratio rational number reasonableness/ reasonable ✪ remainder represent ✪ ✓ 1B ✓ 2D ✓ 1D ✓ 3 ✓ 1 ✓ 2C ✓ 2C ✓ 2C ✓ 1A ✓ 4 ✓ 3C ✓ 1 ✓ 1 ✓ 1 ✓ 2D ✓ 2D ✓ 2D ✓ 1A ✓ 2G Example: equivalent ratio Example: positive rational number ◆ número racional ◆ razonabilidad/razonable Subject-specific meaning Related form: representation ◆ representar ✓ 2 ✓ 1 ✓ 2 ✓ 1 ◆ precio Related form: prime factorization ◆ factor primo Subject-specific meaning ◆ problema ◆ razonamiento cuantitativo ◆ cantidad ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive Math (cont.) 44 .

and algebraic thinking) 5B ✓ ✓ 2 ✓ 2D ✓ 1C ✓ 1C ✓ 1C Subject-specific meaning ✓ 2A ✓ 2B ◆ sustracción (more commonly resta) ✓ 1B ✓ 1B ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive Math (cont. relationships.) 45 .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Subject-specific meaning round ✓ 4 ✓ 2D Part of speech in example: verb Related form: rounding ◆ redondo Subject-specific meaning ◆ simplificar Example: real-life situation ◆ situación Example: solve problems simplify situation solve ✪ speed square square number square root subtraction tenths thousandths whole number ✓ 3A ✓ 2D ✓ 1B ✓ 1A ✓ 2C ✓ 3 ✓ 2E ✓ 1C ✓ 2 ✓ 2E (Patterns.

relationships. concrete objects ◆ concreto Example: constant rate of change ◆ constante Related form: convert ◆ conversión ◆ describir ◆ ecuación Comprehensive Math (cont. algebraico Subject-specific meaning ◆ área Example: arithmetic sequence ◆ aritmética area ✪ arithmetic charts composite number 10B ✓ (Measurement) ✓ 4A ✓ 4A ✓ 4A ✓ 4C ✓ 5A ✓ 5B ✓ 3E ◆ número compuesto Subject-specific meaning ✓ 3B ✓ 5A Examples: concrete models.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes write ✓ 1A ✓ 1D Patterns. operation. and quantitative reasoning) constant conversion describe equation ✪ 10A ✓ (Measurement) ✓ 5A ✓ 6 ✓ 4A ✓ 4A ✓ 3A ✓ 5 ✓ 4A ✓ 4C ✓ 5 ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII .) 46 concrete ✪ (Number. and algebraic thinking Related form: algebraic algebra ✓ 5 ✓ 3 ✓ 3 Example: algebraic model ◆ álgebra.

and quantitative reasoning) ◆ pares factores ✓ 4A ✓ 5B ◆ fórmula ◆ formular ◆ organizadores gráficos ◆ linear ◆ listas ◆ número primo ◆ proporcional ✓ (Probability and statistics) 9A ✓ 9B (Measurement) ✓ 3B ✓ 3 ✓ 3B ◆ prisma rectangular ◆ relacionar/relacionado ◆ relación Possible false cognate: escalar (to climb) ◆ secuencia 2D ✓ 4 ✓ 3 ✓ 5 ✓ 4A ✓ 4C ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive Math (cont. operation.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes factor pairs formula ✪ formulate graphic organizers linear lists prime number proportional rate of change rectangular prism relate/related relationship ✪ scaling sequence ✓ 5B 10B ✓ (Measurement) ✓ 4B ✓ 5 ✓ 5A ✓ 5 ✓ 5A ✓ 5B ✓ 3A ✓ 3B ✓ 4C 4B ✓ (Number.) 47 .

Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes ✓ 15B symbol (Underlying processes and mathematical tools) ✓ 4A ✓ 4C 13C ◆ símbolo Subject-specific meaning ◆ tabla table ✓ 5A ✓ 4A ✓ (Underlying processes and mathematical tools) Geometry and spatial reasoning angle attribute axis circle circumference classify complementary/ supplementary cone congruent ✓ 7 ✓ 6C ✓ 6C ✓ 6A ✓ 7 ✓ 6A ✓ 6A ✓ 6D ✓ 7B ✓ 11A 4B Subject-specific meaning ◆ ángulo ◆ atributo Subject-specific meaning Possible false cognate: axis (neck vertebra) Example: circle graph ◆ círculo ◆ circumferencia ◆ clasificar Subject-specific meaning ✓ 6A Example: complementary angle ◆ complementario/suplementario ✓ 6C ◆ cono ◆ congruente Comprehensive Math (cont. and algebraic thinking) ✓ ✓ 6B ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII . relationships.) 48 (Probability and statistics) (Patterns.

Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Part of speech in example: noun coordinate ✓ 8A ✓ 7 ✓ 7 Subject-specific meaning ◆ coordenada coordinate grid coordinate plane cylinder diameter essential figure ✓ 7 ✓ 7 ✓ 6C ✓ 6C ✓ 9 ✓ 7 ✓ 7A ✓ 6C ◆ plano de coordenadas ◆ cilindro See also: radius ◆ diámetro ◆ esencial Example: 3-dimensional figure ◆ figura Examples: geometric model.) 49 ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII . geometric concepts ◆ geométrico geometry ✓ 7 13C ✓ 6 10A ✓ 6 ◆ geometría Part of speech in examples: verb (to graph) graph ✪ ✓ (Probability and statistics) geometric ✓ 7 ✓ 6 ✓ 6 ✓ (Probability and statistics) ✓ 7B Related form: graphical ◆ gráfica grid horizontal ✓ 8A ✓ 7B ◆ horizontal Comprehensive Math (cont.

Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes locate net ordered pair pair parallel perpendicular ✓ 9 ✓ 8B ✓ 9 ✓ 9 ✓ 7 ✓ 7 ✓ 7 ✓ 7 ✓ 7A ✓ 7A ◆ localizar Subject-specific meaning Possible false cognate: neto ◆ par ordenado ◆ par ◆ paralelo ◆ perpendicular Subject-specific meaning points ✓ 9 ✓ 7 ✓ 7A 9A ✓ (Measurement) ✓ 6C ✓ 6C Part of speech in example: noun ◆ puntos polygon prism pyramid quadrant quadrilateral radius reflection ✓ 8A ✓ 8A ✓ 6 ◆ polígono ◆ prisma ◆ pirámide ◆ cuadrante ✓ 6B ✓ 6C ✓ 6B ◆ cuadrilátero ◆ radio ✓ 7B ◆ reflexión Comprehensive Math (cont.) 50 ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII .

Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes result rotation side similarity sketch spatial reasoning surface area three-dimensional transformation translation ✓ 8A ✓ 8A ✓ 8A ✓ 6D ✓ 8A ✓ 7 ✓ 8B ✓ 7 ✓ 8B ✓ 8A ✓ 7B ✓ 6C ✓ 10C (Probability and statistics) ◆ resultado ◆ rotación ◆ similitud ✓ 8A ◆ razonamiento espacial ◆ área de la superficie ◆ tridimensional Subject-specific meaning ◆ transformación Possible false cognate: traslación (moving) Related form: triangle triangular ✓ 6A ✓ 6B Example: triangular prism ◆ triangular two-dimensional vertical ✓ 7 ✓ 8B ✓ 7B ◆ vertical ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive Math (cont.) 51 .

) 52 .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Measurement application capacity circumference Celsius connect elapsed time ✓ 11 ✓ 10B ✓ 11A 4 Related form: estimation ✓ 8A ✓ 9A ◆ estimar Possible false cognate: estimado ◆ Fahrenheit ✓ 8B ✓ 8C ✓ 8 ✓ 9A ✓ 12 (Probability and statistics) ✓ 8 ✓ 10 ✓ 8A ✓ 9A ◆ aplicación ◆ capacidad ✓ 9A ◆ circunferencia ◆ Celsius ✓ 9B ◆ conectar estimate ✪ ✓ (Number. measurement units ◆ métrico ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive Math (cont. operation. and quantitative reasoning) Fahrenheit length measure measurement ✪ metric perform ✓ 11 ✓ 10C ✓ 10C ✓ 10 ✓ 10A ✓ 10A ✓ 9 Examples: measurement systems (metric and customary).

and quantitative reasoning) Examples: unit rates. and algebraic thinking) ◆ temperatura ✓ 2D unit ✪ volume weight ✓ 8B ✓ 8 ✓ 8 (Number.) 53 ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes perimeter ✪ shape system of measurement temperature time ✓ 10 ✓ 8B ✓ 9A ✓ 9A ✓ 4A ◆ perímetro ✓ 10A ✓ 11A ✓ 11 ✓ 10C ✓ 10 ✓ 10 ✓ 8D ✓ 8B ✓ 8B (Patterns. unit costs. operation. unit conversions ◆ unidad ◆ volumen ✓ 9B Probability and statistics bar graph collect ✓ 10A ✓ 10D ✓ 11A ◆ gráfica de barras ◆ coleccionar Subject-specific meaning complement composite experiments ✓ 9B Part of speech in example: noun ◆ complemento ✓ 10 ◆ experimentos compuestos Comprehensive Math (cont. relationships.

mode ◆ media ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive Math (cont. Venn diagram ◆ diagrama ✓ 13 ✓ 12A ◆ experimento/experimental Part of speech in examples: noun ✓ 13B ✓ 10A ✓ 11A Related form: graphical ◆ gráficas Example: independent events ◆ independiente Related form: interpretation ◆ interpretando ◆ gráfica de línea independent interpreting line graph line plot mean median ✓ 13B ✓ 13 ✓ 13A ✓ 10D ✓ 10A ✓ 10A ✓ 10B ✓ 10B ✓ 10B ✓ 11 ✓ 11A ✓ 11A ✓ 12A ✓ 12A Subject-specific meaning See also: median.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes construct data ✪ diagram ✪ display ✪ experiment/ experimental graphs ✪ ✓ 13 ✓ 5A (Patterns. relationships. and algebraic thinking) ✓ 9A ✓ 10 ✓ 9A ✓ 10C ✓ 9 ✓ 10A ✓ 11 ✓ 11A ✓ 11A ✓ 10 ◆ construir Example: data sets ◆ datos Examples: tree diagram.) 54 .

) 55 .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes mode ✪ number pair organize ✓ 13B ✓ 13A ✓ 13 ✓ 10B ✓ 12B ◆ modo ◆ número par ✓ 10D ◆ organizar Related form: predict prediction ✓ 12B ✓ 9 Example: make predictions ◆ predicción Part of speech in example: verb ◆ presentar ◆ probabilidad Subject-specific meaning present probability ✪ range ✪ sample space statistics stem and leaf plot tree diagram Venn diagram ✓ 12 ✓ 12C ✓ 13B ✓ 10A ✓ 9B ✓ 10B ✓ 9A ✓ 9 ✓ 10A ✓ 9A ✓ 11A ✓ 10B ✓ 12A ✓ 10A ✓ 10 ✓ 11A Related form: statistical ◆ estadística ✓ 11A ◆ Diagrama de Venn ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive Math (cont.

Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Underlying processes and mathematical tools answer apply checking communicate conclusion conjecture develop evaluate ✪ example/ nonexample explain generalization incorporate logical reasoning manipulative ✓ 14C ✓ 14B ✓ 16A ✓ 15A ✓ 16A ✓ 14B ✓ 16 ✓ 14D ✓ 11B ✓ 13 ✓ 11D ✓ 13B ✓ 15 ✓ 13D ✓ 14C ✓ 15 ✓ 16B ✓ 11A ✓ 11C ✓ 12 ✓ 13 ✓ 13A ✓ 11C ✓ 12B ✓ 13A ✓ 13A ✓ 13C ✓ 14 ✓ 15 ✓ 15A ✓ 13C ✓ 13B ✓ 15A ◆ evaluar ◆ ejemplo ◆ explicar ◆ generalización ◆ incorporar ◆ razonamiento lógico Possible false cognate: manipulador ◆ aplicar ◆ chequear (more commonly revisar) ◆ comunicar ◆ conclusión ◆ conjetura ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive Math (cont.) 56 .

problemsolving strategy Example: underlying process ◆ proceso Subject-specific meaning ◆ propiedades ◆ seleccionar ◆ solución ◆ estrategia ◆ tecnología ◆ validar ◆ verificar ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive Math (cont.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes mathematical ✪ number sense observation pattern ✪ problem-solving ✪ process properties select solution ✪ strategy technology tool validate verify ✓ 14 ✓ 11 ✓ 11D ✓ 13 ✓ 13D Example: mathematical model ◆ matemático Possible false cognate: sentido número ◆ observación ✓ 15A ✓ 14C ✓ 14C ✓ 14 ✓ 11C ✓ 11C ✓ 11 ✓ 13B ✓ 14C ✓ 14B ✓ 14C ✓ 14D ✓ 14 ✓ 11C ✓ 11B ✓ 11C ✓ 11D ✓ 11 ✓ 13B ✓ 13 ✓ 13C ✓ 13C 13 ✓ 15B ✓ 13C ✓ 13B ✓ 13C ✓ 13D ✓ 13 ✓ 15B ✓ 15 ◆ patrón Examples: problem-solving model.) 57 .

) 58 .©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Comprehensive Math (cont.

Grade-Level Word Lists Grade 5 English Language Arts and Reading (ELAR) Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes Reading/Fluency expression fluency read text ✪ 1 1 1 1 Subject-specific meaning ◆ expresión ◆ fluidez Related form: reading ◆ texto derived determine ✪ dictionary glossary Greek affix Greek root idiom Latin affix Latin root ◆ analogía ◆ antónimo/sinónimo ◆ clarificar linguistic root multiple meaning words pronunciation 2A 2B 2E 2E 2A 2A 2D 2A 2A 2A 2B 2E ◆ derivado ◆ determinar ◆ diccionario ◆ glosario Reading/Vocabulary Development adage affix analogy antonym/ synonym clarify 2D 2A 2C 2C 2B ◆ adagio (more commonly proverbio) Possible false cognate: idioma ◆ lingüística ◆ pronunciación ✪ = high-frequency word in the TEKS. ◆ = Spanish cognate ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII 59 .

) 60 . setting ◆ histórico ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 5 ELAR (cont. movement.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes root saying syllable thesaurus 2A 2D 2E 2E Subject-specific meaning inference/ infer ✪ literature 3 3B 3A 3C 3B 3B 3A ◆ inferencia/inferir ◆ literatura Example: moral lessons ◆ moral ◆ movimiento ◆ mito ◆ fenómeno ◆ tema ◆ sílaba ◆ tesauro Related form: understanding (as in to demonstrate understanding) ◆ poco familiar (more commonly desconocido) ◆ vocabulario moral movement myth phenomena theme ✪ understand 2 unfamiliar vocabulary word choice 2B 2 2E Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Poetry alliteration analyze ✪ internal rhyme onomatopoeia poet poetry rhyme scheme sound effect 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 ◆ aliteración ◆ analizar ◆ ritmo interno ◆ onomatopeya ◆ poeta ◆ poesía ◆ esquema de rimas ◆ efecto de sonido Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Theme and Genre comprehension culture describe ✪ fiction genre historical 3 3A 3B 3A 3 3C ◆ comprensión Related form: cultural ◆ cultura ◆ describir ◆ ficción ◆ género Examples: historical event.

form an overview ◆ formas novel plot ✪ relationship role 6A 6B 6B 6A ◆ novela Subject-specific meaning ◆ relación ◆ rol (more commonly papel) ◆ explicar Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Literary Nonfiction Example: author’s tools (e. sensory language) author 7 ◆ autor autobiography biography literary device literary language nonfiction structural pattern 7 7 7 7 7 7 ◆ lenguaje literario ◆ no ficción ◆ patrón estructural ◆ autobiografía ◆ biografía conflict 6B Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Sensory Language evaluate imagery literary sensory language 8 8 8A 8 ◆ evaluar ◆ imaginería ◆ literario ◆ lenguaje sensorial forms 6C Reading/Comprehension of Text/Independent Reading journal 9 ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 5 ELAR (cont..) 61 .g.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Drama drama 5 Related form: dramatic adaptation ◆ drama Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Fiction Subject-specific meaning character ✪ 6B Possible false cognate: carácter Example: internal and external conflicts of a character ◆ conflicto explain ✪ foreshadow 6B 6A Examples: forms of words or media.

) 62 . strategy (in writing) ◆ organizativo Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Culture and History author’s 10 ◆ propósito del autor purpose contemporary 10 ◆ contemporáneo ◆ orden secuencial Related form: similar ◆ similitudes Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Expository Text classification ◆ esquema de 11C scheme clasificación compare and 11C ◆ comparar y contrastar contrast ✪ different draw conclusions ✪ logical connection main idea meaning method 11E 11 11E 11A 11A 11B Example: maintain meaning ◆ método ◆ conexión lógica ◆ diferente ◆ sintetizar ◆ verificar Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Persuasive Text Possible false cognate: argument 12A argumento author’s 12A viewpoint exaggerated identify ✪ parallelism 12B 12A 12A ◆ exagerado ◆ identificar ◆ paralelismo ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 5 ELAR (cont.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes logical order paraphrase reading log 9 9 9 See also: sequence of events ◆ orden lógico ◆ paráfrasis overview sequential order similarities summarize ✪ supporting detail synthesize text feature verify 11D 11C 11E 11A 11A 11E 11D 11B organizational ✪ 11C Examples: organizational patterns. structures.

) 63 .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes recognize viewpoint 12B 12A ◆ reconocer timeline 13B Reading/Media Literacy commercial digital documentary formality/ informality image influence media ✪ news ◆ problema Example: procedural text ◆ procedimiento ◆ (información) cuantitativa ◆ resolver (more commonly solucionar) ◆ tabla technique ✪ venue 14A 14B presentation ✪ 14B 14D 14A 14D 14 14C 14B 14B 14C ◆ comercial ◆ digital ◆ documentario ◆ formalidad/informalidad ◆ imágen ◆ influenciar ◆ medios de comunicación Example: televised news ◆ presentación Example: poetic techniques such as alliteration ◆ técnica Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Procedural Texts diagram factual illustration interpret map perform problem procedural procedure quantitative (information) solve table task 13B 13B 13B 13A 13B 13A 13A 13A 13A 13B 13A 13B 13A ◆ diagrama ◆ factual (more commonly basado en los hechos) ◆ ilustración ◆ interpretar ◆ mapa Writing/Writing Process background reading cause and effect ✪ 15A 15B ◆ causa y efecto ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 5 ELAR (cont.

graphical elements ◆ elemento figurative language ✪ focus graphic ✪ imaginative story metaphor poem 16Bii 16Ai 16Bii 16A 16Bii 16B ◆ metáfora ◆ poema ◆ lenguaje figurado ◆ foco Related form: graphical ◆ gráfica ◆ género ◆ gramática ◆ entrevista ◆ intereses personales Example: writing process ◆ proceso ◆ publicar ◆ propósito ◆ revisar element 16Biii ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 5 ELAR (cont.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes coherent controlling idea develop discussion draft ✪ edit enhance feedback genre ✪ grammar interview personal interests process publish purpose ✪ revise ✪ 15B 15A 15B 15A 15B 15D 15C 15E 15A 15D 15A 15A 15 15E 15C 15C Examples: internal/ external coherence ◆ coherente ◆ idea de control sequence of events simple sentence spelling ✪ strategy 15B 15C 15D 15A 15C 15A See also: logical order ◆ secuencia de eventos ◆ estrategia ◆ estilo ◆ tesis ◆ discusión style thesis ◆ editar Writing/Literary Texts dialogue 16Aiii ◆ diálogo Examples: stylistic elements.) 64 .

) 65 . third person. omniscient ◆ punto de vista ◆ detalles sensoriales Subject-specific meaning ◆ símiles essay expository fact formal guide inform 18A 18C 18Aiii 18B 18Aii 18Aii 18A 18Ai 18Aii Subject-specific meaning Example: writing a letter Example: formal letters ◆ formal Part of speech in example: verb ◆ guía ◆ informar ◆ información Subject-specific meaning ◆ introducción ◆ expositivo 17 See also: memoir ◆ narrativas personales information ✪ introduction key idea Writing/Expository and Procedural Texts Subject-specific meaning closing/closure concluding paragraph conventions convey ✪ demonstrate understanding details 18B 18Ai 18B 18A Example: the closing of a letter ◆ párrafo conclusivo Subject-specific meaning ◆ convenciones letter 18B Possible false cognate for this usage: letra (refers to alphabetical letters) ◆ párrafo Part of speech in example: verb ◆ presente ◆ respuesta paragraph ✪ present 18A 18Ai 18C 18C 18Aiii Related form: demonstrate ◆ detalles response ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 5 ELAR (cont.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes point of view ✪ sensory details setting ✪ similes story write ✪ Writing (Personal) personal narrative 16Ai 16Aii 16Aii 16Bii 16A 16A Examples: first person.

predicate. superlative ◆ adjetivo Related form: adverbial ◆ adverbio transition ✪ 18Aiv Writing/Persuasive Texts alternative/ alternate audience ✪ consider 19 19 19 Part of speech in example: adjective ◆ alternativa/alternar ◆ audiencia Related form: consideration ◆ considerar Example: establish a position ◆ establecer persuasive 19 ◆ persuasivo adverb collective nouns comparative adjective compound sentence ✪ context ✪ function ✪ indefinite pronoun irregular verb parts of speech ✪ 20Aiv 20Aii 20Aiii 20C 20A 20A 20Avi 20Ai 20A ◆ adjetivo comparativo ◆ contexto ◆ función ◆ pronombre indefinido ◆ verbo irregular establish 19 ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 5 ELAR (cont. compound. complex ◆ estructura ◆ tópico (more commonly tema) Subject-specific meaning Part of speech in example: noun ◆ transición Subject-specific meaning position 19 Examples: author’s position.) 66 . establish a position ◆ posición Oral and Written Conventions/Conventions active voice 20Ai ◆ voz activa Related form: adjectival adjective 20Aiii Examples: descriptive.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes salutation sentence structure structure topic ✪ 18B 18Aiv 18Aiii 18A ◆ salutación (more commonly saludo) Examples: simple.

Capitalization.) 67 . and Punctuation abbreviation acronym capitalization comma composition 21i 21Aii 21A 21Bi 21 ◆ abreviación ◆ acrónimo Possible false cognate: capitalización ◆ coma Subject-specific meaning ◆ composición Oral and Written Conventions/Spelling consonant Greek suffix Latin suffix spelling pattern suffix 22Aiii 22Biii 22Biv 22A 22Biii ◆ consonante ◆ sufijo griego ◆ sufijo latino Related form: orthographic pattern ◆ sufijo ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 5 ELAR (cont.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes phrase 20Av Example: prepositional or appositive phrase ◆ frase Example: predicate adjective ◆ predicado ◆ preposición ◆ frase preposicional ◆ sujeto emphasis initials italics legible mechanics ✪ organization punctuation 21C 21Aii 21C 21 21C 21Aiii 21Bii 21B 21Bii 21C ◆ énfasis ◆ iniciales ◆ itálicas ◆ legible Subject-specific meaning Possible false cognate: mecánica ◆ organización ◆ puntuación predicate preposition prepositional phrase subject subject-verb agreement subordinating conjunction superlative adjective verb 20B 20Av 20Av 20B 20C 20Avii 20Aiii 20Ai ◆ conjunción subordinada ◆ adjetivo superlativo ◆ verbo punctuation mark quotation ✪ title Subject-specific meaning ◆ título Oral and Written Conventions/Handwriting.

) 68 Related form: relevance ◆ relevante/irrelevante data 24C ◆ datos ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes vowel word processing 22Aii 22E differentiate ✪ electronic online periodical Part of speech in example: verb ◆ consultar ◆ decidir record plagiarism primary source 24B 24A 24A 24A 24E 24B ◆ diferenciar ◆ electrónico ◆ en línea ◆ periódica ◆ plagio Research/Research Plan brainstorm consult decide open-ended question research ✪ research question ✪ 23A 23A 23A 23A 23A 23B 24C Part of speech in example: verb Possible false cognate: recordar ◆ referencia reference research plan resource ✪ ◆ bibliografía secondary source technology Part of speech in example: verb visual 24A 24A 24A 24B 24C 24C Research/Gathering Sources bibliography ✪ chart 24D 24C ◆ recurso ◆ tecnología ◆ visual cite/citation 24E ◆ citar Possible false cognate: citación Research/Synthesizing Information relevant/ irrelevant reliable/ reliability 25B 25B Grade 5 ELAR (cont.

posture. facial expression ◆ verbal no verbal 27A ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 5 ELAR (cont.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes source ✪ valid/validity 25B 25B Subject-specific meaning ◆ válido/validez perspective 27A ◆ perspectiva Listening and Speaking/Speaking enunciation eye contact gesture 28 28 28 ◆ gesto ◆ enunciación Research/Organizing and Presenting Ideas compile conclusion documentation evidence ✪ findings ✪ format topic sentence 26A 26B 26D 26B 26B 26C 26B ◆ formato ◆ compilar Example: support conclusions in research ◆ conclusión ◆ documentación ◆ evidencia Listening and Speaking/Listening instructions message ✪ nonverbal/ verbal 27B 27A ◆ instrucciones ◆ mensaje Example: nonverbal cues such as gesture.) 69 .

operation. concrete objects ◆ concreto decimal ✪ denominator digit 1B 3E 3B ◆ decimal ◆ denominador ◆ dígito dividend division ✪ divisor equivalent 3C 3C 3C 2A Subject-specific meaning ◆ dividendo Related form: divide ◆ división ◆ divisor ◆ equivalente Related form: estimation estimate ✪ 4 ◆ estimar Possible false cognate: estimado Related form: fractional ◆ fracción ◆ generar fraction ✪ generate hundredths identify ✪ improper fraction mixed number 2A 2B 2D 3D 2B 2B ◆ identificar ◆ fracción impropia ◆ número mixto ✪ = high-frequency word in the TEKS.Grade 5 Mathematics Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes Number. and quantitative reasoning Related form: add addition common denominator common factor compare compatible 3A 2C 3D 1A 4 ◆ adición (more commonly suma) ◆ denominador común Example: greatest common factor ◆ factor común ◆ comparar ◆ compatible Subject-specific meaning concrete ✪ 3E Examples: concrete models. ◆ = Spanish cognate ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII 70 .

Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes models/ model ✪ 2D Part of speech in example: noun ◆ modelos (noun)/modelar (verb) Related form: multiply ◆ multiplicación ◆ número Example: real objects ◆ objeto ◆ operación represent ✪ 1 Related form: representation ◆ representar Subject-specific meaning multiplication ✪ number object operation order place value problem quantitative reasoning quantity reasonableness/ reasonable ✪ relate/related remainder 3B 3E 3E 1 1A 1B 3 1 2C 4 2D 3C round 4 Part of speech in example: verb Related form: rounding ◆ redondo Example: real-life situation ◆ situación Example: solve problems ◆ sustracción (more commonly resta) situation solve ✪ 2C 3 3A 2D 1B 1A 1A ◆ orden subtraction Subject-specific meaning ◆ problema ◆ razonamiento cuantitativo ◆ cantidad ◆ razonabilidad/razonable ◆ relacionar/relacionado Subject-specific meaning algebra 5 tenths thousandths whole number write Patterns.) 71 . relationships. algebraico ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 5 Math (cont. and algebraic thinking Related form: algebraic Example: algebraic model ◆ álgebra.

) 72 .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes charts composite number describe 5A 5B 5A 5A 6 5B 5A 5A 5B 5 5A ◆ número compuesto ◆ describir Examples: tree diagram. geometric concepts ◆ geométrico ◆ ecuación ◆ pares factores ◆ organizadores gráficos ◆ listas ◆ número primo ◆ relación Subject-specific meaning ◆ tabla geometric geometry grid locate ordered pair pair 7 7 8A 9 9 9 7 7 ◆ geometría ◆ localizar ◆ par ordenado ◆ par ◆ paralelo ◆ perpendicular Geometry and spatial reasoning attribute congruent 7 7 ◆ atributo ◆ congruente parallel perpendicular ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 5 Math (cont. Venn diagram ◆ diagrama coordinate grid essential figure 9 7 7 coordinate 8A Part of speech in example: noun Subject-specific meaning ◆ coordenada diagram ✪ equation ✪ factor pairs graphic organizers lists prime number relationship ✪ table ◆ esencial Example: 3-dimensional figure ◆ figura Examples: geometric model.

measurement units ◆ métrico metric perform perimeter ✪ system of measurement 10A 10A 10 10A ◆ perímetro ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 5 Math (cont.) 73 .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes Subject-specific meaning points 9 Part of speech in example: noun ◆ puntos quadrant reflection result rotation sketch spatial reasoning threedimensional transformation translation twodimensional Measurement area ✪ 10B Subject-specific meaning ◆ área 8A 8A 8A 8A 8A 7 7 8B 8A 7 ◆ razonamiento espacial ◆ tridimensional Subject-specific meaning ◆ transformación Possible false cognate: traslación (moving) ◆ cuadrante ◆ reflexión ◆ resultado ◆ rotación capacity Celsius connect conversion elapsed time Fahrenheit formula ✪ length measure 10 11 10B 10A 11A 11 10B 10C 10C ◆ capacidad ◆ Celsius ◆ conectar Related form: convert ◆ conversión ◆ Fahrenheit ◆ fórmula measurement ✪ 10 Examples: measurement systems (metric and customary).

) 74 ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII . unit conversions ◆ unidad ◆ volumen ◆ gráfica de línea ◆ media ◆ modo ◆ número par ◆ organizar Related form: predict Probability and statistics data ✪ display ✪ experiment/ experimental 13 13 12A ◆ experimento/experimental Part of speech in example: verb Related form: graphical ◆ gráfica Part of speech in example: noun graphs ✪ 13B Related form: graphical ◆ gráficas Example: data sets ◆ datos prediction 12B Example: make predictions ◆ predicción probability ✪ range ✪ statistics 12C 13B 12 ◆ probabilidad Subject-specific meaning Related form: statistical ◆ estadística graph ✪ 13C Underlying processes and mathematical tools answer checking 16B 14C ◆ chequear (more commonly revisar) Grade 5 Math (cont. unit costs.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes temperature time 11A 11 10C 10 10 ◆ temperatura interpreting line graph median mode ✪ number pair organize 13 13A 13B 13B 13A 13 Related form: interpretation ◆ interpretando unit ✪ volume weight Examples: unit rates.

problem-solving strategy Grade 5 Math (cont.) 75 ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 5 TEKS Standard Word Notes communicate develop evaluate ✪ example/ nonexample explain generalization incorporate justify logical reasoning manipulative 15 14C 14B 16A 15A 16A 14B 16B 16 14D 14 15A 14C 14C ◆ comunicar process select solution ✪ strategy symbol technology tool 14 14C 14B 14C 15B 14D 14 Example: underlying process ◆ proceso ◆ evaluar ◆ ejemplo ◆ explicar ◆ generalización ◆ incorporar ◆ justificar ◆ razonamiento lógico Possible false cognate: manipulador Example: mathematical model ◆ matemático ◆ seleccionar ◆ solución ◆ estrategia ◆ símbolo ◆ tecnología mathematical ✪ observation pattern ✪ problemsolving ✪ ◆ observación ◆ patrón Examples: problem-solving model.

.Grade 6 English Language Arts and Reading (ELAR) Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes Reading/Fluency fluency read text ✪ 1 1 1 ◆ fluidez Related form: reading ◆ texto Latin affix Latin root linguistic root multiple meaning words pronunciation root ◆ analogía ◆ clarificar ◆ derivado ◆ determinar ◆ diccionario Example: foreign words common in English (e. ◆ = Spanish cognate ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII 76 . bona fide) ◆ glosario unfamiliar vocabulary whole word choice understand syllable thesaurus 2A 2A 2A 2B 2E 2A 2E 2E ◆ pronunciación Subject-specific meaning ◆ sílaba ◆ tesauro Related form: understanding (as in to demonstrate understanding) ◆ poco familiar (more commonly desconocido) ◆ vocabulario Subject-specific meaning 2C 2E Example: part-to-whole analogies ◆ lingüística Reading/Vocabulary Development affix analogy clarify derived determine ✪ dictionary foreign glossary Greek affix Greek root 2A 2C 2B 2A 2B 2E 2D 2E 2A 2A 2 2B 2 ✪ = high-frequency word in the TEKS.g.

movement.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Theme and Genre analyze ✪ classical comprehension culture distinguish fiction genre historical inference/ infer ✪ literary literature myth theme ✪ 3B 3B 3 3C 3A 3A 3 3C 3A 3C 3B 3B 3A ◆ analizar ◆ clásico ◆ comprensión Related form: cultural ◆ cultura Related form: distinguishing ◆ distinguir ◆ ficción ◆ género Examples: historical event. setting ◆ histórico ◆ inferencia/inferir ◆ literario ◆ literatura ◆ mito ◆ tema Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Poetry hyperbole personification poetry 4 4 4 ◆ hipérbola ◆ personificación ◆ poesía Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Drama drama film play story line 5 5 5 5 Related form: dramatic adaptation ◆ drama ◆ filme/filmar (verb) Subject-specific meaning Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Fiction Subject-specific meaning character ✪ climax denouement describe ✪ dialect 6B 6A 6A 6C 6B ◆ describir ◆ dialecto Possible false cognate: carácter Subject-specific meaning ◆ clímax ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 6 ELAR (cont.) 77 .

Word or Phrase

Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard

Word Notes

Word or Phrase

Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard

Word Notes

explain ✪ falling action

6B 6A

◆ explicar Subject-specific meaning Examples: forms of words or media; form an overview ◆ formas Subject-specific meaning

Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Sensory Language Example: author’s tools (e.g., sensory language) author 8 ◆ autor imagery refrain 8 8 ◆ imaginería Possible false cognate: refrán

forms

6C

plot ✪ plot development rising action turning point

6A 6A 6A 6A

sensory 8 ◆ lenguaje sensorial language Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Culture and History contemporary 9 ◆ contemporáneo

Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Literary Nonfiction autobiography characteristic literary device literary language memoir nonfiction structural pattern 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 ◆ lenguaje literario ◆ memoria ◆ no ficción ◆ patrón estructural ◆ autobiografía ◆ característica

implicit/ 9A ◆ implícito implied Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Expository Text Possible false cognate: argument 10B argumento different draw conclusions ✪ logical connection main idea opinion 10D 10 10D 10A 10A ◆ opinión ◆ conexión lógica ◆ diferente

©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII

Grade 6 ELAR (cont.)

78

Word or Phrase

Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard

Word Notes

Word or Phrase

Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard

Word Notes

organizational ✪ problem-andsolution propositionand-support similarities summarize ✪ summary supporting detail synthesize

10C

Examples: organizational patterns, structures, strategy (in writing) ◆ organizativo

viewpoint

11A

Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Procedural Texts diagram factual illustration interpret map perform problem 12B 12B 12B 12B 12B 12A 12A 12A 12B 12A 12B 12A 12B ◆ problema ◆ procedimiento ◆ (información) cuantitativa ◆ resolver (more commonly solucionar) ◆ tabla ◆ diagrama ◆ factual (more commonly basado en los hechos) ◆ ilustración ◆ interpretar ◆ mapa

10C 10C

◆ problema-y-solución ◆ proposición-y-soporte Possible false cognate: soportar Related form: similar ◆ similitudes

10D 10A 10A 10A 10D

◆ sintetizar

procedure quantitative (information) solve table task timeline

Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Persuasive Text author’s 11A ◆ propósito del autor purpose author’s 11A viewpoint identify ✪ structure 11B 11A ◆ identificar ◆ estructura

©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII

Grade 6 ELAR (cont.)

79

Word or Phrase

Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard

Word Notes

Word or Phrase

Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard

Word Notes

Reading/Media Literacy Part of speech in example: noun Related form: criticism ◆ crítica digital formality/ informality image influence media ✪ recognize 13D 13D 13 13B 13A 13B ◆ digital ◆ formalidad/ informalidad ◆ imágen ◆ influenciar ◆ medios de comunicación ◆ reconocer Example: poetic techniques such as alliteration ◆ técnica venue 13D

compare and contrast ✪ controlling idea develop discussion draft ✪ edit feedback genre ✪ grammar interview personal interests process publish purpose ✪

14B 14A 14B 14A 14B 14D 14E 14A 14D 14A 14A 14 14E 14C 14C 14B 14C

◆ comparar y contrastar ◆ idea de control

critique

13C

◆ discusión

◆ editar

◆ género ◆ gramática ◆ entrevista ◆ intereses personales Example: writing process ◆ proceso ◆ publicar ◆ propósito ◆ revisar See also: logical order ◆ secuencia de eventos

technique ✪

13B

Writing/Writing Process cause and effect ✪ coherent 14B 14B ◆ causa y efecto Examples: internal/ external coherence ◆ coherente

revise ✪ sequence of events simple sentence

©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII

Grade 6 ELAR (cont.)

80

omniscient ◆ punto de vista ◆ detalles sensoriales Subject-specific meaning ◆ símiles Writing/Literary Texts alliteration dialogue 15Bi 15Aiii element figurative language ✪ focus graphic ✪ imaginative story metaphor onomatopoeia poem 15Biii 16 16 16 16 ◆ acción ◆ comunicar ◆ consecuencia See also: memoir ◆ narrativas personales 15Bii 15Ai 15Biii 15A 15Bii 15Bi 15B ◆ lenguaje figurado ◆ foco Related form: graphical ◆ gráfica Writing/Expository and Procedural Texts Subject-specific meaning closing/closure concluding paragraph conventions 17B 17Ai 17B Example: the closing of a letter ◆ párrafo conclusivo Subject-specific meaning ◆ convenciones Grade 6 ELAR (cont.) 81 ◆ metáfora ◆ onomatopeya ◆ poema ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes spelling ✪ strategy style thesis 14D 14A 14C 14A ◆ estrategia ◆ estilo ◆ tesis point of view ✪ sensory details setting ✪ similes ◆ aliteración ◆ diálogo Examples: stylistic elements. third person. graphical elements ◆ elemento story write ✪ Writing (Personal) action communicate consequence personal narrative 15Ai 15Aii 15Aii 15Bii 15Aiii 15A Examples: first person.

compound.) 82 .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes convey ✪ demonstrate understanding details essay expository fact formal guide inform information ✪ introduction key idea 17A 17C 17Aiii 17A 17C 17Aiii 17B 17Aii 17Aii 17A 17Ai 17Aii Subject-specific meaning Example: writing a letter Example: formal letters ◆ formal Part of speech in example: verb ◆ guía ◆ informar ◆ información Subject-specific meaning ◆ introducción ◆ expositivo Related form: demonstrate ◆ detalles paragraph ✪ present presentation ✪ response sentence structure topic ✪ 17A 17Ai 17D 17C 17Aiv 17A ◆ párrafo Part of speech in example: verb ◆ presente ◆ presentación ◆ respuesta Examples: simple. complex ◆ tópico (more commonly tema) Subject-specific meaning Part of speech in example: noun ◆ transición transition ✪ 17Aiv Writing/Persuasive Texts alternative/ alternate audience ✪ consider 18 18 18 Part of speech in example: adjective ◆ alternativa/alternar ◆ audiencia Related form: consideration ◆ considerar Example: establish a position ◆ establecer letter 17B Possible false cognate for this usage: letra (refers to alphabetical letters) ◆ multimedia establish 18 multimedia 17D ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 6 ELAR (cont.

predicate. and Punctuation abbreviation acronym brackets 20Ai 20Aii 20Biii Grade 6 ELAR (cont.) 83 ◆ abreviación ◆ acrónimo ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII . Capitalization. establish a position ◆ posición parts of speech ✪ passive voice phrase 19A 19B 19Av ◆ voz pasiva Example: prepositional or appositive phrase ◆ frase Example: predicate adjective ◆ predicado ◆ preposición ◆ frase preposicional position 18 Oral and Written Conventions/Conventions active voice 19B ◆ voz activa Related form: adjectival adjective 19Aiii Examples: descriptive.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes persuasive 18 ◆ persuasivo Subject-specific meaning Examples: author’s position. superlative ◆ adjetivo Related form: adverbial ◆ adverbio ◆ adjetivo comparativo predicate preposition prepositional phrase subject-verb agreement subordinating conjunction superlative adjective time 19Aiii 19Av 19Av 19C 19Avii 19Aiii 19Av 19Ai adverb comparative adjective compound sentence ✪ conjunctive adverb context ✪ function ✪ indefinite pronoun irregular verb 19Aiv 19Aiii 19C 19Aiv 19A 19A 19Avi 19Ai ◆ conjunción subordinada ◆ adjetivo superlativo Subject-specific meaning ◆ verbo ◆ adverbio conjuntivo ◆ contexto ◆ función ◆ pronombre indefinido ◆ verbo irregular verb Oral and Written Conventions/Handwriting.

) 84 .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes capitalization comma composition ellipses initials italics legible mechanics ✪ organization parentheses punctuation punctuation mark quotation ✪ title 20A 20Bi 20 20Biii 20Aii 20C 20 20C 20Aiii 20Biii 20Bii 20B 20Bii 20C Possible false cognate: capitalización ◆ coma Subject-specific meaning ◆ composición ◆ elipse ◆ iniciales ◆ itálicas ◆ legible Subject-specific meaning Possible false cognate: mecánica ◆ organización ◆ paréntesis ◆ puntuación word processing 21C Research/Research Plan brainstorm consult decide open-ended question research ✪ research question ✪ 22A 22A 22A 22A 22A 22B Part of speech in example: verb ◆ consultar ◆ decidir Research/Gathering Sources bibliography ✪ chart 23D 23C Part of speech in example: verb cite/citation 23E ◆ citar Possible false cognate: citación data differentiate ✪ 23C 23B ◆ datos ◆ diferenciar ◆ bibliografía Subject-specific meaning ◆ título Oral and Written Conventions/Spelling spelling pattern 21B Related form: orthographic pattern ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 6 ELAR (cont.

) 85 .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes electronic online paraphrase periodical plagiarism primary source 23A 23A 23E 23A 23E 23B ◆ electrónico ◆ en línea ◆ paráfrasis ◆ periódica ◆ plagio Research/Synthesizing Information evaluate relevant/ irrelevant reliable/ reliability source ✪ 24B 24B 24B 24B Subject-specific meaning ◆ evaluar Related form: relevance ◆ relevante/irrelevante record 23C Part of speech in example: verb Possible false cognate: recordar ◆ referencia ◆ relación Research/Organizing and Presenting Ideas compile conclusion documentation evidence ✪ 25A 25B 25D 25B 25B 25C 25B ◆ formato ◆ compilar Example: support conclusions in research ◆ conclusión ◆ documentación ◆ evidencia reference relationship research plan resource ✪ secondary source technology valid/validity visual 23A 23C 23A 23A 23B 23C 23E 23C ◆ recurso findings ✪ format ◆ tecnología ◆ válido/validez ◆ visual topic sentence Listening and Speaking/Listening instructions message ✪ 26B 26A ◆ instrucciones ◆ mensaje ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 6 ELAR (cont.

posture. facial expression ◆ verbal no verbal ◆ perspectiva 26A Listening and Speaking/Speaking enunciation eye contact gesture 27 27 27 ◆ gesto ◆ enunciación ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 6 ELAR (cont.) 86 .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes nonverbal/ verbal perspective 26A Example: nonverbal cues such as gesture.

Grade 6 Mathematics Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes Number. operation. ◆ = Spanish cognate ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII 87 . and quantitative reasoning Related form: add addition approximate common factor compare decimal ✪ division ✪ equivalent exponent fraction ✪ generate 2A 2D 1E 1A 1B 2C 1 1D 1B 1B ◆ adición (more commonly suma) ◆ aproximado Example: greatest common factor ◆ factor común ◆ comparar ◆ decimal Related form: divide ◆ división ◆ equivalente ◆ exponente Related form: fractional ◆ fracción ◆ generar identify ✪ integer justify models/ model ✪ 1E 1C 2 2A ◆ identificar Example: positive integer ◆ justificar Part of speech in example: verb ◆ modelar (verb) Example: least common multiple ◆ múltiplo Related form: multiply ◆ multiplicación Example: rational nonnegative number ◆ negative: negativo multiple 1F multiplication ✪ non-negative number number object operation 2C 1A 2A 2A 1 ◆ número Example: real objects ◆ objeto ◆ operación ✪ = high-frequency word in the TEKS.

concrete objects ◆ concreto Grade 6 Math (cont. and algebraic thinking 2C 1A 2D 1 Example: equivalent ratio Example: positive rational number ◆ número racional ◆ razonabilidad/razonable Related form: representation ◆ representar Subject-specific meaning round 2D Part of speech in example: verb Related form: rounding ◆ redondo ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Related form: algebraic algebra 3 Example: algebraic model ◆ álgebra.) 88 area ✪ 4A arithmetic 4A . algebraico Subject-specific meaning ◆ área Example: arithmetic sequence ◆ aritmética Subject-specific meaning concrete ✪ 3B Examples: concrete models. relationships.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes order order of operations prime factor 1A 2E ◆ orden ◆ el orden de las operaciones Related form: prime factorization ◆ factor primo Subject-specific meaning ◆ problema ◆ razonamiento cuantitativo simplify situation solve ✪ subtraction whole number write 2E 1C 2 2A 1B 1D Subject-specific meaning ◆ simplificar Example: real-life situation ◆ situación Example: solve problems ◆ sustracción (more commonly resta) 1D problem quantitative reasoning rate ratio rational number reasonableness/ reasonable ✪ represent ✪ 2 1 2C Patterns.

Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes constant 4A Example: constant rate of change ◆ constante Related form: convert ◆ conversión ◆ describir ◆ ecuación ◆ fórmula ◆ formular ◆ linear table 4A Subject-specific meaning ◆ tabla Geometry and spatial reasoning angle circle circumference classify 6A 6C 6C 6A Subject-specific meaning ◆ ángulo Example: circle graph ◆ círculo ◆ circumferencia ◆ clasificar Part of speech in example: noun coordinate 7 Subject-specific meaning ◆ coordenada conversion describe equation ✪ formula ✪ formulate linear percent proportional rectangular prism relate/related relationship ✪ sequence symbol 4A 3A 5 4B 5 5 3B 3A 4B 4 3 4A 4A ◆ por ciento ◆ proporcional ◆ prisma rectangular diameter ◆ relacionar/relacionado ◆ relación ◆ secuencia ◆ símbolo geometric geometry ordered pair 6 6 7 6C coordinate plane 7 ◆ plano de coordenadas See also: radius ◆ diámetro Examples: geometric model.) 89 ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII . geometric concepts ◆ geométrico ◆ geometría ◆ par ordenado Grade 6 Math (cont.

) 90 . unit conversions ◆ unidad ◆ volumen Measurement application circumference 8 8A ◆ aplicación ◆ circunferencia Related form: estimation estimate ✪ 8A ◆ estimar Possible false cognate: estimado length 8B weight Probability and statistics bar graph collect 10A 10D ◆ gráfica de barras ◆ coleccionar ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 6 Math (cont. measurement units ◆ perímetro points 7 Part of speech in example: noun ◆ puntos measurement ✪ 8 perimeter ✪ system of measurement temperature time 8B 8D 8B 8B 8B 8 8 polygon quadrilateral radius 6 6B 6C ◆ polígono ◆ cuadrilátero ◆ radio Related form: triangle ◆ temperatura triangular 6A Example: triangular prism ◆ triangular unit ✪ volume Examples: unit rates. unit costs.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes pair 7 ◆ par Subject-specific meaning measure 8C Examples: measurement systems (metric and customary).

Venn diagram ◆ diagrama display ✪ experiment/ experimental 10C 9 ◆ experimento/experimental Part of speech in example: verb Related form: graphical ◆ gráfica Part of speech in example: noun graphs ✪ 10A Related form: graphical ◆ gráfica Related form: interpretation ◆ interpretando line graph line plot lists mean median mode ✪ organize 10A 10A 9A 10B 10B 10B 10D ◆ gráfica de línea ◆ listas Subject-specific meaning See also: median.) 91 .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes Subject-specific meaning complement 9B Part of speech in example: noun ◆ complemento construct data ✪ 9A 10 ◆ construir Example: data sets ◆ datos Examples: tree diagram. mode ◆ media ◆ modo ◆ organizar Related form: predict diagram ✪ 9A prediction 9 Example: make predictions ◆ predicción Part of speech in example: verb ◆ presentar graph ✪ 10A present 10A 9B 10B 9A 10C probability ✪ range ✪ sample space sketch ◆ probabilidad Subject-specific meaning interpreting 10D ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 6 Math (cont.

Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes statistics stem and leaf plot tree diagram 9 10A Related form: statistical ◆ estadística mathematical ✪ number sense 11 11D 12A 11C 11C Example: mathematical model ◆ matemático Possible false cognate: sentido número ◆ numérico ◆ patrón Examples: problem-solving model. problem-solving strategy Example: underlying process ◆ proceso Subject-specific meaning ◆ propiedades ◆ seleccionar ◆ solución ◆ estrategia ◆ tecnología 9A numerical Underlying processes and mathematical tools pattern ✪ apply checking communicate conclusion conjecture develop evaluate ✪ example/ nonexample incorporate logical reasoning manipulative 11A 11C 12 13 13A 11C 12B 13A 11B 13 11D ◆ evaluar ◆ ejemplo ◆ incorporar ◆ razonamiento lógico Possible false cognate: manipulador ◆ aplicar ◆ chequear (more commonly revisar) ◆ comunicar ◆ conclusión ◆ conjetura properties select solution ✪ strategy technology tool validate 13B 11C 11B 11C 11D 11 13B ◆ validar Grade 6 Math (cont.) 92 problemsolving ✪ process 11 ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII .

Word or Phrase Sample Grade 6 TEKS Standard Word Notes verify 13 ◆ verificar ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 6 Math (cont.) 93 .

bona fide) unfamiliar vocabulary understand pronunciation root syllable thesaurus 2E 2A 2A 2A 2A 2A 2E 2A 2E 2E ◆ glosario Reading/Vocabulary Development affix alternative/ alternate ambiguous analogy clarify derived determine ✪ dictionary foreign 2A 2E ◆ lingüística ◆ pronunciación Subject-specific meaning ◆ sílaba ◆ tesauro Related form: understanding (as in to demonstrate understanding) ◆ poco familiar (more commonly desconocido) ◆ vocabulario 2 2B 2 ✪ = high-frequency word in the TEKS.g..Grade 7 English Language Arts and Reading (ELAR) Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Reading/Fluency fluency read text ✪ 1 1 1 ◆ fluidez Related form: reading ◆ texto glossary Greek affix Greek root Latin affix Latin root linguistic root Part of speech in example: adjective ◆ alternativa/alternar 2B 2C 2B 2A 2B 2E 2D ◆ ambiguo ◆ analogía ◆ clarificar ◆ derivado ◆ determinar ◆ diccionario Example: foreign words common in English (e. ◆ = Spanish cognate ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII 94 .

setting ◆ histórico ◆ inferencia/inferir ◆ comprensión ◆ describir Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Drama dialogue drama playwright stage direction 5 5 5 5 ◆ diálogo Related form: dramatic adaptation ◆ drama Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Fiction Subject-specific meaning character ✪ 6B Possible false cognate: carácter Example: internal and external conflicts of a character ◆ conflicto explain ✪ 6A ◆ explicar ◆ literario ◆ mito Subject-specific meaning Example: place and time ◆ símiles ◆ tema conflict 6B ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 7 ELAR (cont.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Subject-specific meaning whole word choice 2C 2E Example: part-to-whole analogies time 3C Subject-specific meaning Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Poetry analyze ✪ poetry 4 4 ◆ analizar ◆ poesía Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Theme and Genre comprehension describe ✪ epic tale fiction genre historical inference/ infer ✪ literary myth place similes theme ✪ 3 3A 3B 3A 3 3 3 3C 3B 3C 3B 3A ◆ ficción ◆ género Examples: historical event.) 95 . movement.

structures. form an overview ◆ formas ◆ motivación Subject-specific meaning Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Culture and History author’s 9 ◆ propósito del autor purpose contemporary 9 ◆ contemporáneo motivation plot ✪ 6B 6A plot 6B development Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Literary Nonfiction autobiography diary nonfiction 7 7 7 ◆ autobiografía ◆ diario ◆ no ficción Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Expository Text Example: categorical claims 10B claims different distinguish draw conclusions ✪ factual logical connection main idea meaning opinion organizational ✪ 10D 10B 10 10B 10D 10A 10A 10B Example: maintain meaning ◆ opinión Examples: organizational patterns..Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes forms 6C Examples: forms of words or media. sensory language) author 8 ◆ autor imagery mood sensory language 8 8 8 ◆ imaginería Subject-specific meaning ◆ lenguaje sensorial 10C ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 7 ELAR (cont.g. strategy (in writing) ◆ organizativo ◆ factual (more commonly basado en los hechos) ◆ conexión lógica ◆ diferente Related form: distinguishing ◆ distinguir structural 7 ◆ patrón estructural pattern Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Sensory Language Example: author’s tools (e.) 96 .

exaggeration.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes overview similarities summary supporting detail synthesize 10C 10D 10A 10A 10D ◆ sintetizar Related form: similar ◆ similitudes Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Procedural Texts perform problem procedure solve task 12A 12A 12A 12A 12A ◆ problema ◆ procedimiento ◆ resolver (more commonly solucionar) Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Persuasive Text ad hominem argument exaggerated identify ✪ policy rhetorical fallacy stereotype/ stereotyping structure 11B 11A 11B 11B 11A Possible false cognate: argumento ◆ exagerado ◆ identificar Example: policy speech ◆ póliza Examples: ad hominem. categorical claims ◆ falacia retórica 11B 11A ◆ estereotipo/estereotipar ◆ estructura Reading/Media Literacy digital evaluate explicit formality/ informality image implicit/implied influence inform interpret 13D 13C 13A 13D 13 13A 13B 13C 13A ◆ digital ◆ evaluar ◆ explícito ◆ formalidad/ informalidad ◆ imágen ◆ implícito ◆ influenciar ◆ informar ◆ interpretar 11B ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 7 ELAR (cont.) 97 . stereotyping.

omniscient ◆ punto de vista Example: writing process ◆ proceso ◆ publicar ◆ propósito ◆ revisar See also: logical order ◆ secuencia de eventos tone visual 13D 13B Writing/Writing Process cause and effect ✪ coherent compare and contrast ✪ complex sentence controlling idea develop discussion draft ✪ edit 14B 14C 14B 14C 14A 14B 14A 14B 14D ◆ editar ◆ discusión ◆ idea de control ◆ causa y efecto Examples: internal/ external coherence ◆ coherente ◆ comparar y contrastar point of view ✪ process publish purpose ✪ revise ✪ sequence of events simple sentence spelling ✪ strategy ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 7 ELAR (cont. third person.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes media ✪ 13C technique ✪ 13B ◆ medios de comunicación Example: poetic techniques such as alliteration ◆ técnica Subject-specific meaning ◆ tono ◆ visual feedback genre ✪ grammar interview mechanics ✪ personal interests 14E 14A 14D 14A 14D 14A 14C 14 14E 14C 14C 14B 14C 14D 14A ◆ estrategia ◆ género ◆ gramática ◆ entrevista Subject-specific meaning Possible false cognate: mecánica ◆ intereses personales Examples: first person.) 98 .

) 99 ◆ párrafo conclusivo Related form: demonstrate ◆ detalles ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII . graphical elements ◆ elemento figurative language ✪ graphic ✪ hyperbole idiom imaginative story literary device meter personification poem rhyme scheme sensory details setting ✪ 15Bii 15Biii 15Bii 15Bii 15A 15Av 15B 15Bii 15B 15Bi 15Aii 15Aii Subject-specific meaning ◆ metro ◆ personificación ◆ poema ◆ esquema de rimas ◆ detalles sensoriales Subject-specific meaning ◆ lenguaje figurado Related form: graphical ◆ gráfica ◆ hipérbola Possible false cognate: idioma style write ✪ Writing (Personal) action communicate consequence focus personal narrative element 15Biii 16 16 16 16 16 ◆ acción ◆ comunicar ◆ consecuencia ◆ foco See also: memoir ◆ narrativas personales Writing/Expository and Procedural Texts concluding paragraph convey ✪ demonstrate understanding details essay expository 17Ai 17A 17C 17Aiii 17A 17C ◆ expositivo Grade 7 ELAR (cont.Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes thesis 14A ◆ tesis story story line 15Aiii 15Aii 15Av 15A ◆ estilo Writing/Literary Texts Examples: stylistic elements.

Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes fact formal inconsistency information ✪ introduction 17Aiii 17B 17Aiii 17A 17Ai Example: formal letters ◆ formal ◆ inconsistencia ◆ información Subject-specific meaning ◆ introducción Subject-specific meaning Example: writing a letter Possible false cognate for this usage: letra (refers to alphabetical letters) ◆ multimedia ◆ párrafo Part of speech in example: verb ◆ presente ◆ presentación sound technology topic ✪ 17D 17D 17A ◆ sonido ◆ tecnología ◆ tópico (more commonly tema) Subject-specific meaning Part of speech in example: noun ◆ transición transition ✪ 17Av Writing/Persuasive Texts audience ✪ author’s viewpoint consider counterargument establish persuasive 18 18C 18B 18B 18A 18 Example: establish a position ◆ establecer ◆ persuasivo Subject-specific meaning position 18A Examples: author’s position.) 100 letter 17B ◆ audiencia multimedia paragraph ✪ present presentation ✪ quotation ✪ response rhetorical device sentence structure 17D 17C 17Ai 17D 17C 17C 17Av 17Av Related form: consideration ◆ considerar ◆ respuesta Examples: simple. complex ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII . establish a position ◆ posición Grade 7 ELAR (cont. compound.

Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes viewpoint 18C phrase Related form: adjectival preposition prepositional phrase progressive tense relative pronoun subject-verb agreement subordinate clause subordinating conjunction tense verb 19Av 19Av 19Av 19Ai 19Avi 19Av 19B 19Avii 19Ai 19Ai Example: prepositional or appositive phrase ◆ frase ◆ preposición ◆ frase preposicional Oral and Written Conventions/Conventions Examples: descriptive. Capitalization.) 101 ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII . superlative ◆ adjetivo Related form: adverbial ◆ adverbio Subject-specific meaning ◆ antecedente adjective 19Aiii adverb antecedent appositive phrase compound sentence ✪ conjunctive adverb context ✪ function ✪ modifier parallel structure participle parts of speech ✪ perfect tense 19Aiii 19C 19Aii 19C 19Aiv 19A 19A 19C 19C 19Ai 19A 19Ai ◆ pronombre relativo ◆ cláusula subordinada ◆ conjunción subordinada Subject-specific meaning Possible false cognate: tenso ◆ verbo ◆ adverbio conjuntivo ◆ contexto ◆ función ◆ modificador ◆ estructura paralela ◆ participio Oral and Written Conventions/Handwriting. and Punctuation Possible false cognate: capitalization 20A capitalización Examples: subordinate clause clause 20Bi ◆ cláusula colon 20Bii Grade 7 ELAR (cont. predicate.

Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes comma composition conventions hyphen legible punctuation mark recognize semicolon 20Bi 20 20A 20Bii 20 20B 20B 20Bii ◆ coma Subject-specific meaning ◆ composición Subject-specific meaning ◆ convenciones research ✪ 22A Research/Gathering Sources bibliography ✪ 23C ◆ bibliografía Part of speech in example: verb cite/citation 23D ◆ citar Possible false cognate: citación differentiate ✪ 23D 23A 23D 23D ◆ diferenciar ◆ electrónico ◆ paráfrasis ◆ plagio Part of speech in example: verb Possible false cognate: recordar ◆ legible ◆ reconocer electronic paraphrase plagiarism Oral and Written Conventions/Spelling resource ✪ 21 ◆ recurso Research/Research Plan brainstorm consult decide open-ended question reference 22A 22A 22A 22 22B ◆ referencia Part of speech in example: verb ◆ consultar ◆ decidir record 23C research plan title 23A 23C Subject-specific meaning ◆ título Research/Synthesizing Information reliable/ reliability research question ✪ 24B 24A Grade 7 ELAR (cont.) 102 ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII .

) 103 .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes source ✪ valid/validity 24B 24B Subject-specific meaning ◆ válido/validez enunciation eye contact film gesture 27 27 27 27 ◆ enunciación Research/Organizing and Presenting Ideas conclusion evidence ✪ findings ✪ format 25A 25B 25A 25C ◆ formato Example: support conclusions in research ◆ conclusión ◆ evidencia ◆ filme/filmar (verb) ◆ gesto Listening and Speaking/Listening expression instructions message ✪ nonverbal/ verbal 26C 26B 26C Subject-specific meaning ◆ expresión ◆ instrucciones ◆ mensaje Example: nonverbal cues such as gesture. facial expression ◆ verbal no verbal Listening and Speaking/Speaking Part of speech in example: noun Related form: criticism ◆ crítica ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII 26C critique 27 Grade 7 ELAR (cont. posture.

operation.Grade 7 Mathematics Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Number. ◆ = Spanish cognate ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII 104 . and quantitative reasoning Related form: add addition algorithm calculator compare decimal ✪ density division ✪ equivalent exponent fraction ✪ integer 2B 2C 1B 1A 1B 2D 2A 1 2E 1B 1A ◆ adición (more commonly suma) ◆ algoritmo ◆ calculadora ◆ comparar ◆ decimal justify 2 1C ◆ justificar Part of speech in example: noun ◆ modelos Related form: multiply ◆ multiplicación ◆ numérico Example: real objects ◆ objeto ◆ operación ◆ orden ◆ el orden de las operaciones ◆ por ciento ◆ precio Subject-specific meaning ◆ problema models/model ✪ multiplication ✪ numerical object operation 2B 2E 2A 1 1A 2E 1B 2D 2 ◆ densidad Related form: divide ◆ división ◆ equivalente ◆ exponente Related form: fractional ◆ fracción Example: positive integer problem order order of operations percent price ✪ = high-frequency word in the TEKS.

unit conversions ◆ unidad Example: equivalent ratio Example: positive rational number ◆ número racional ◆ razonabilidad/razonable Related form: representation ◆ representar Subject-specific meaning ◆ simplificar Example: solve problems Patterns.) 105 .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes quantitative reasoning rate ratio rational number reasonableness/ reasonable ✪ represent ✪ 1 2D 2D 1A 2G 1 ◆ razonamiento cuantitativo unit ✪ whole number 2D 1B Examples: unit rates. relationships. unit costs. algebraico Subject-specific meaning ◆ área Example: arithmetic sequence ◆ aritmética circumference 4B ◆ circumferencia Subject-specific meaning area ✪ 4A simplify solve ✪ speed square square number square root subtraction 2E 2 2D 1C 1C 1C 2B arithmetic 4C Subject-specific meaning concrete ✪ 5A Examples: concrete models. concrete objects ◆ concreto Related form: convert ◆ conversión ◆ describir conversion ◆ sustracción (more commonly resta) describe 4A 4C ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 7 Math (cont. and algebraic thinking Related form: algebraic algebra 3 Example: algebraic model ◆ álgebra.

) 106 .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes equation ✪ formula ✪ formulate generate proportional rate of change relate/related relationship ✪ scaling sequence situation symbol system of measurement 5 4A 5B 4A 3B 4C 3B 3 3B 4C 5B 4C 4A ◆ ecuación ◆ fórmula ◆ formular ◆ generar ◆ proporcional Geometry and spatial reasoning angle attribute axis classify 6A 6D 7B 6B Subject-specific meaning ◆ ángulo ◆ atributo Subject-specific meaning Possible false cognate: axis (neck vertebra) ◆ clasificar Subject-specific meaning complementary/ supplementary 6A Example: complementary angle ◆ complementario/suplementario cone 6C ◆ cono Part of speech in example: noun coordinate 7 Subject-specific meaning ◆ coordenada coordinate plane cylinder 7A 6C ◆ plano de coordenadas ◆ cilindro ◆ relacionar/relacionado ◆ relación Possible false cognate: escalar (to climb) ◆ secuencia Example: real-life situation ◆ situación ◆ símbolo ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 7 Math (cont.

geometric concepts ◆ geométrico pyramid quadrilateral reflection side similarity sketch surface area threedimensional translation 6C 6B 7B 8A 6D 8A 8B 6C 7B ◆ pirámide ◆ cuadrilátero ◆ reflexión geometric geometry 6 6 ◆ geometría Part of speech in example: verb (to graph) ◆ similitud graph ✪ 7B Related form: graphical ◆ gráfica ◆ área de la superficie ◆ tridimensional Possible false cognate: traslación (moving) Related form: triangle Example: triangular prism ◆ triangular horizontal net ordered pair pair 7B 8B 7A 7A ◆ horizontal Subject-specific meaning Possible false cognate: neto ◆ par ordenado ◆ par Subject-specific meaning triangular twodimensional vertical Measurement application 6B 8B 7B ◆ vertical points 7A Part of speech in example: noun ◆ puntos prism 6C ◆ prisma 9A ◆ aplicación ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 7 Math (cont.) 107 .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes figure 6C Example: 3-dimensional figure ◆ figura Examples: geometric model.

Venn diagram ◆ diagrama estimate ✪ 9A ◆ estimar Possible false cognate: estimado diagram ✪ display ✪ experiment/ experimental 11A 11A 10 length 9A Examples: measurement systems (metric and customary).Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes circumference connect 9A 9B ◆ circunferencia ◆ conectar Related form: estimation composite experiments construct data ✪ 10 10A 11 ◆ experimentos compuestos ◆ construir Example: data sets ◆ datos Examples: tree diagram.) 108 . measurement units ◆ perímetro ◆ polígono ◆ prisma rectangular independent 9A 9B ◆ volumen interpreting line graph line plot 11 11A 11A 10B measurement ✪ 9 perimeter ✪ polygon rectangular prism shape volume 9A 9A 9B ◆ experimento/experimental Part of speech in example: noun Related form: graphical ◆ gráficas Example: independent events ◆ independiente Related form: interpretation ◆ interpretando graphs ✪ 11A Probability and statistics bar graph circle 11A 11A ◆ gráfica de barras Example: circle graph ◆ círculo ◆ gráfica de línea ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 7 Math (cont.

) 109 probability ✪ range ✪ sample space statistics stem and leaf plot Venn diagram ◆ probabilidad Subject-specific meaning Related form: statistical ◆ estadística manipulative mathematical ✪ ◆ Diagrama de Venn number sense Underlying processes and mathematical tools pattern ✪ apply checking 13A 13C ◆ aplicar ◆ chequear (more commonly revisar) problemsolving ✪ ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes mean measure median mode ✪ present 12A 12 12A 12B 11A 10B 12A 10A 10 11A 11A Subject-specific meaning See also: median. problem-solving strategy Grade 7 Math (cont. mode communicate conclusion 14 15 15A 13C 13B 15A 13A 13B 15 13D 13 13D 13C 13C ◆ comunicar ◆ conclusión ◆ conjetura ◆ media ◆ modo Part of speech in example: verb ◆ presentar conjecture develop evaluate ✪ example/ nonexample identify ✪ incorporate logical reasoning ◆ evaluar ◆ ejemplo ◆ identificar ◆ incorporar ◆ razonamiento lógico Possible false cognate: manipulador Example: mathematical model ◆ matemático Possible false cognate: sentido número ◆ patrón Examples: problem-solving model.

) 110 .Word or Phrase Sample Grade 7 TEKS Standard Word Notes process 13 Example: underlying process ◆ proceso Subject-specific meaning ◆ propiedades ◆ seleccionar ◆ solución ◆ estrategia Subject-specific meaning ◆ tabla ◆ tecnología properties select solution ✪ strategy table technology tool validate verify 15B 13C 13B 13C 13C 13D 13 15B 15 ◆ validar ◆ verificar ©2010 Texas Education Agency/University of Texas System/Education Service Center Region XIII Grade 7 Math (cont.

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