A unit quantifying equivalent or effective dose. It relates the dose absorbed in human tissues to the effective biological damage of the radiation. vParticulate and electromagnetic radiations have differing effects on tissue, even if the absorbed dose is the same. vA smaller unit used is milirem (mrem), which is 1/1000th of rem. vThe equivalent dose = the absorbed dose (rad) x quality factor (QF) vQF is unique to the type of radiation.

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