# HYDROLOGY ASSIGNMENT

SUSHANT RAO 2K10/EN/032

In the variate is first transformed into logarithmic form(base 10) and the transformed data is then analysed. If X is the variate of a random hydrologic series. the corresponding value of xT is obtained by Eq as XT= antilog (zT) .LOG-PEARSON TYPE III DISTRIBUTION:This distribution is extensively used in USA for projects sponsored by the US Government. eq. For this z series . then the series of Z variates where z=log(x) are first obtained.T) is given in table 7.13) gives zT==z-+ Kzσz where Kz = a frequency factor which is a function of recurrence interval T and the coefficient of skew Cs σz = standard deviation of the Z variate sample = √(∑(z-z-)2/(N-1)) CS= coefficient of skew of variate Z Cs=(N∑(z-z-)3)/(N-1)(N-2)(σz)3 z-= mean of the values N= sample size = number of years of record The variations of Kz= f(Cs.(7.6 After finding zT by above eqn. for any recurrence interval T.

4694 3.Sometimes.5436 3.4694 3. is adjusted to account for the size of the sample by using the following relation proposed by Hazen (1930) Cs’ = Cs((1+8.3800 3. Ans: The variate z=logx is first calculated for all the discharges.5748 .0030/(26*25*(0.σz = 0.1427 z-=3. water resources council does not include this adjustment for skew.5)/N) Where Cs’= adjusted coefficient of skew. However the standard procedure for use of log pearson type III distribution adopted by U.7 to obtain .3. Example : For the annual flood series given in example 7. the coefficient of skew Cs .7042 3.σz and Cs are calculated from table 7.6153 3.6071 Cs= 27*0. Then the statistics z-.043 YEAR 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 FLOOD X (m3/s) 2947 3521 2399 4124 3496 2947 5060 4903 3751 Z= logx 3.5467 3.1427)3) Cs=0.S.6905 3. estimate the flood discharge for a return period of (a) 100 years (b) 200 years (c) 1000 years by using log-pearson type III distribution.

5211 3. Here.4498 3.5289 3.2947 The flood discharge for a given T is calculated below.6811 3.152 0.8195 3.9436 3.8300 3.6621 3.6676 3.6207 3.0569 XT= antilogzT (m3/s) 8782 9559 1140 .8935 3.6325 3.358 2.4328 3.6401 3.7033 3.616 3.3365 0.3733 0.9804 4. the values of Kz and given T are read from table T(years) Kz Kz * σz ZT 100 200 1000 2.5880 3.4754 3.1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 4798 4290 4652 5050 6900 4366 3380 7826 3320 6599 3700 4175 2988 2709 3873 4593 6761 1971 3.5682 3.8388 3.