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FLUENT

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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.
:

primary
secondary

Secondary
Phase

(primary)
(secondary)

Primary Phase

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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:

()
()




Stokes

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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Gas/Liquid
Liquid/Liquid

Gas / Solid

Liquid / Solid

Slug Flow

Stratified / FreeSurface Flow

Sedimentation

Bubbly, Droplet, or
Particle-Laden Flow

Pneumatic Transport,
Hydrotransport, or Slurry Flow

Fluidized Bed

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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secondary phase
Volume Fraction = =

Volume of the phase in a cell/domain


Volume of the cell/domain

(< 10%),

part part
cont cont

<< 1, one way coupling


=
1, two way coupling

Vprimary

Vsecondary

Vcell

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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k RSM

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

Stokes

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Stokes
Stokes(St)()(d)
(c)

St =

d d d2
. d =
18 c

c =

d
c

D
U

D U
St << 1,
St > 1,

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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FLUENT


(
).

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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FLUENT

Define

Models

Define

Phases

(DPM)


VOF

Multiphase

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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(DPM)

//

:
/

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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DPM

:
:
:
:
Stokes:

, ,
( < 12%)

Stokes

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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DPM

FLUENTDPM

CFD

Air and methane


inlets

Centerline for
particle injections
Outlet
Path Lines Indicating
the Gas Flow Field

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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(2)

Initial particle
Diameter: 2 mm

1.1 mm

0.2 mm

Stochastic Particle Trajectories for Different Initial Diameters

Contours of
Evaporated Water

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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N-S

( + N)
:

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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( , )
pseudo-thermal

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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Stokes

, , , ,

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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z = 20 cm

z = 15 cm

z = 10 cm

z = 5 cm

Iso-Surface of Gas
Volume Fraction = 0.175

Liquid Velocity Vectors

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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Contours of Solid Volume Fraction

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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Courtesy of Fuller Company

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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Stokes (
)

St
<< 1


().

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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:
:
:
:
Stokes:

St << 1

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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MRF

FLUENT

Contours of Gas Volume


Fraction at t = 15 sec.

Water Velocity Vectors


on a Central Plane

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

VOF

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Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

VOF

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VOF

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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va
liq

ui

Actual interface shape



VOF
(HRIC, CICSAM)

d
ui


VOFhigh
order VOF discretization (HRIC, CICSAM)

liq

po
r

FLUENT

va

po
r

Geo-reconstruct
(piecewise linear)
Scheme

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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VOF





Stokes

Filling
Offshore separator sloshing
Boiling
Coating

VOF http://www.e-works.net.cn

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

FLUENT
VOF

t = 1.05 sec

Fuel Tank Without Baffles

Fuel Tank With Baffles

t = 2.05 sec

VOF http://www.e-works.net.cn

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

Plots showing the rise of bubbles during the film boiling process
(the contours of vapor volume fraction are shown in red)

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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Stockes
VOF

Stokes
St > 1, DPM

St 1,

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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(DPM)

Define

Define

Models

Discrete Phase

Injections

Display

Particle Tracks

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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DPM
Escape

Trap

Reflect

Wall-jet

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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m
+ ( m u m ) = m&
t


( k k )
+ ( u ) = ( u r )
t

Drift velocity

r
r r
ukr = uk um

( u m ) + ( m u m u m ) = p + m (u m + u ) + m g + F +

k =1

k =1


m = k k
m = k k

T
m

1
um =
m

u
k

k =1

k =1

k k u u

r
k

r
k

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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(1)

Define

Define

Models

Multiphase

Phases

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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(2)

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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VOF

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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( q q )
t

Volume fraction for the qth phase

+ ( q q u q ) = m& pq
n

p =1

q :

( q q u q )
t

+ ( q q u q u q ) = q p + q q g + q +
convection

pressure

body

Solids pressure term is included


for granular model.

(R

pq

+ m& pq u q ) + q q (Fq + Flift ,q + Fvm,q )

p =1

transient

:
Fpq = Fqp
:

shear

interphase
interphase mass
forces exchange
exchange

R pq = K pq (u p u q )

Exchange coefficient

external, lift, and


virtual mass forces

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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qi
Mass fraction of species i in qth phase

q q q
Yi + q q u qYi q = q J iq + q Riq + q Siq +
t

transient

convective

(m&
n

pi q j

m& q j p i

p =1

homogeneous
diffusion
reaction
heterogeneous
homogeneous
reaction
production

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

Define

Define

Phases

Models

Viscous

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Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

VOF

Define

Models

Define

Phases

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Multiphase

Define

Operating Conditions

Operating Density should be set to that of


lightest phase with body forces enabled.

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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Define

Phases

Introductory FLUENT Notes


FLUENT v6.3 December 2006

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UDF

Domain ID = 1

Mixture Domain

DEFINE

UDF
C_R(cell,thread)
thread

Phase 1
Domain

Phase 2
Domain

Interaction Domain

Domain ID

Mixture Thread

Phase 3
Domain

Phase
Thread