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Document No. :: IITK-GSDMA-EQ21-V2.

0 Final Report :: A - Earthquake Codes IITK-GSDMA Project on Building Codes

Explanatory Examples on Indian Seismic Code IS 1893 (Part I)
by Dr. Sudhir K Jain
Department of Civil Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur Kanpur

• The solved examples included in this document are based on a draft code being developed under IITK-GSDMA Project on Building Codes. The draft code is available at http://www.nicee.org/IITK-GSDMA/IITKGSDMA.htm (document number IITK-GSDMA-EQ05-V3.0). • This document has been developed through the IITK-GSDMA Project on Building Codes. • The views and opinions expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily of the GSDMA, the World Bank, IIT Kanpur, or the Bureau of Indian Standards.

• Comments and feedbacks may please be forwarded to: Prof. Sudhir K Jain, Dept. of Civil Engineering, IIT Kanpur, Kanpur 208016, email: nicee@iitk.ac.in

2.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) CONTENTS Sl. 9. 4 7 10 11 12 14 16 18 20 21 23 IITK-GSDMA-EQ21-V2. 3. 11. 8. 10. 7. Title Calculation of Design Seismic Force by Static Analysis Method Calculation of Design Seismic Force by Dynamic Analysis Method Location of Centre of Mass Location of Centre of Stiffness Lateral Force Distribution as per Torsion Provisions of IS 1893-2002 (Part I) Lateral Force Distribution as per New Torsion Provisions Design for Anchorage of an Equipment Anchorage Design for an Equipment Supported on Vibration Isolator Design of a Large Sign Board on a Building Liquefaction Analysis Using SPT Data Liquefaction Analysis Using CPT Data Page No.0 . 6. No 1. 5. 4.

K. [Problem adopted from Jain S. Journal of Structural Engineering.1 – Building configuration IITK-GSDMA-EQ21-V2. pp. 1. July 1995. The R.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) Example 1 – Calculation of Design Seismic Force by Static Analysis Method Problem Statement: Consider a four-storey reinforced concrete office building shown in Fig. Part II: Commentary and Examples”.22. frames are infilled with brick-masonry. The soil conditions are medium stiff and the entire building is supported on a raft foundation.73-90 ] y (1) (2) (3) (4) (4) (5) (A) (B) 3 @ 5000 (C) (D) 4 @ 5000 x PLAN 3200 3200 3200 4200 ELEVATION Figure 1. The floors are to cater for a live load of 4 kN/m2 on floors and 1.2. No. The lumped weight due to dead loads is 12 kN/m2 on floors and 10 kN/m2 on the roof. The building is located in Shillong (seismic zone V). Determine design seismic load on the structure as per new code.5 kN/m2 on the roof.0 Example 1/Page 4 . Vol. C.1. “A Proposed Draft for IS:1893 Provisions on Seismic Design of Buildings.

5×4) = 4. only 50% of the live load is lumped at the floors. (Table 7 of IS: 1893 Part 1) Seismic Weights: The floor area is 15×20=300 sq.000 = 15. EL in Y-Direction: T = 0.0 (Table 6 of IS: 1893). m.2(a) shows the design seismic force in X-direction for the entire building. Being an office building.36 × 1.28 sec.2(b) shows the design seismic force on the building in the Y-direction. Building is required to be provided with moment resisting frames detailed as per IS: 13920-1993.09 (Clause 6. the zone factor Z is 0.1. approximate fundamental natural period: (Clause 7. Since the live load class is 4kN/sq.1. 1.6. I.5 ZI S a = Ah 2R g 0. Hence.09 × 15.3 of IS: 1893 Part 1) Force Distribution with Building Height: The design base shear is to be distributed with height as per clause 7.0 Example 1/Page 5 .0 × 2.5.2 of IS: 1893 Part 1) Design base shear VB = AhW = 0. Fig.28 sec The building is located on Type II (medium soil).600 kN = 0. S a g = 2. is 1.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) Solution: Design Parameters: For seismic zone V.3.09(13. From Fig. the response reduction factor.5. At roof.m. no live load is to be lumped. Table 8 of IS: 1893 Part 1) Total Seismic weight of the structure. = 0. Hence.7. the total seismic weight on the floors and the roof is: Floors: W1=W2 =W3 Roof: W4 = 300×10 = 3.5 = 2×5 = 0. W = =300×(12+0. is 5. of IS: 1893 Part 1) EL in X-Direction: Sa g Ah = 2. for T=0.200 kN = 0.09(13. R.4.09 h d ΣW i = 3×4.09 Therefore.09h / d IITK-GSDMA-EQ21-V2. 1. 2 of IS: 1893.1 gives the calculations. Hence.36 (Table 2 of IS: 1893).600 = 1. T = 0.8) / 15 = 0.440 kN (Clause 7. the importance factor. Table 1.2. Fig.000 kN (clause7.32 sec Fundamental Period: Lateral load resistance is provided by moment resisting frames infilled with brick masonry panels.8) / 20 = 0. for this building the design seismic force in Y-direction is same as that in the Xdirection.200 + 3.

1 1.6 7.0 74.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) Table 1.1 – Lateral Load Distribution with Height by the Static Method Storey Level Wi (kN ) hi (m) Wi hi2 × (1000) ∑W h Wi hi2 2 i i Lateral Force at Level for EL direction (kN) X Y 611 504 246 79 1.200 4.3 471.171 0.9 230.000 Figure 1.000 4. IITK-GSDMA-EQ21-V2.2 571.2 -.440 611 504 246 79 1.4 4.424 0.055 1.3 0.350 0.440 ith in 4 3 2 1 Σ 3.0 Example 1/Page 6 .Design seismic force on the building for (a) X-direction. and (b) Y-direction.200 4.347.8 10.200 13.

921 Mode 3 0.0 .402 1. in this case.016 [Problem adopted from.822 1.904 0.600 2 ik [∑ w φ ] = g ∑w φ i 2 ik 11. solution to this example considers the first three modes of vibration.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) Example 2 – Calculation of Design Seismic Force by Dynamic Analysis Method Problem Statement: For the building of Example 1.441 3.9052 957kN = 8.216 -0.716 0.45.153 817 9.000 kg 92.216 -0.000 0.000 -0.620 g g = 14.267 1. the dynamic properties (natural periods.100 kg 1. Hence.118 11.000 -0.6% 11.921 Mode 2 3.432 2.831 -0.563 8.000 2.450kN = 9. The lateral load Qik acting at ith floor in the kth mode is Qik = Ahk φ ik Pk Wi Example 2/Page 7 IITK-GSDMA-EQ21-V2.000 0.0% 1.22.574 1. Vol.000 4.900 1.Calculation of modal mass and modal participation factor (clause 7.716 0. Table 2.000 -3. pp.411 4.490 -2.3662 161kN = 11. codal requirements on number of modes to be considered such that at least 90% of the total mass is excited.016 Mode 3 3.000 907 -2.656 3.007 1.000 196 2.K.1 – Free Vibration Properties of the building for vibration in the X-Direction Natural Period (sec) Roof 3rd Floor 2nd Floor 1st Floor Mode 1 0.6% of the total mass.905 3. 7.2 -.384 4.000 0.240 9.064 3. Part II: Commentary and Examples”.1).000 0. July 1995.4.944 -3.73-90] Solution: Table 2.366 = 0.868 -2.402 g g 2.797 3.831 -0. Obtain the design seismic force in the X-direction by the dynamic analysis method outlined in cl.200 4.5 and distribute it with building height.000 3.145 1.822 = 16.574 1. No. and mode shapes) for vibration in the X-direction have been obtained by carrying out a free vibration analysis (Table 2.1% − 2. Journal of Structural Engineering. However. Jain S.2.6562 14.700 kg 6.656 = 1.8.620 3. will be satisfied by considering the first mode of vibration only.904 0. “A Proposed Draft for IS: 1893 Provisions on Seismic Design of Buildings.905 = −0. for illustration.860 Mode Shape 1.4.200 4.265 1.000 3.701 -0.8.822 g g 1.620 % of Total weight Pk = ∑w φ ∑w φ i i ik 2 ik It is seen that the first mode excites 92.402 =95.852 11.701 -0.200 15.335 11.329 8.441 Mode 2 0.5) Storey Level i 4 3 2 1 Σ Mk i Weight Wi (kN ) Mode 1 1.366 3.

5 c of IS: 1893 Part 1) The value of Ahk for different modes is obtained from clause 6. This was done in the previous example for the same building and we found the base shear as 1.000 4.000 0. the contribution of different modes is combined by the SRSS (square root of the sum of the square) method V4 = [(155.2)2]1/2 = 371 kN V2 = [(508.2 -0.4)2+ (30.8 14.0418 × 1.4a of IS: 1893 Part 1) The externally applied design loads are then obtained as: Q4 = V4 = 182 kN Q3 = V3 – V4 = 371 – 182 = 189 kN Q2 = V2 – V3 = 510 – 371 = 139 kN Q1 = V1 – V2 = 610 – 510 = 100 kN (Clause 7.240 × φ i1 × Wi Mode 2: Qi1 Mode 3: ZI (S a / g ) 2R 0.5) 2×5 = 0.6)2+ (5.36 × 1 = × (1.8 -0.574 1.8 0.36 × 1 = × (2. the seismic forces obtained above by dynamic analysis should be scaled up as follows: Q4 = 182 × 2.016 31.09 × (0.2 1.000 -0.3 – Lateral load calculation by modal analysis method (earthquake in X-direction) Floor Level i 4 3 2 1 Weight Wi (kN ) Mode 1 φ i1 Q i1 V i1 Mode 2 φ i2 Q i2 V i2 Mode 3 φ i3 Q i3 V i3 3.0 (S a / g ) = = 1.4.1 -25.2 1. Now.4.5 .Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) (clause 7.5)2+ (88.8.2 604.8)2]1/2 = 510 kN V1 = [(604.4 31. dynamic analysis gives us base shear of 610 kN which is lower. all the response quantities are to be scaled up in the ratio (1.118) × φ i 3 × Wi Table 2. 7.6” in two ways: 1.5 .09 Qi 3 = 0.145 sec.30).8)2+ (31. T3 = 0.5 196.2)2+ (28. 1 .904 0.216 -26.4 86.30 = 419 kN Q3 = 189 × 2.2) + (86.9)2]1/2 = 182 kN V3 = [(352.200 4.701 87.3)2+ (115.329) × φi 2 × Wi = T2 = 0.9 96.3.30 = 435 kN Q2 = 139 × 2.860 sec.86 ZI Ah1 = (S a / g ) 2R 0. ( S a / g ) = 2.404 kN.5) 2×5 = 0.8 -115.09 = 0.4.6 Since all of the modes are well separated (clause 3.2 requires that the base shear obtained by dynamic analysis (VB = 610 kN) be compared with that obtained from empirical fundamental period as per Clause 7.2) + (14.16 .5.16) 2×5 = 0.0418 Qi1 = 0. Thus. the response quantities are to be scaled up.2).5 352.8. We calculate base shear as per Cl.2 -30.441 155.000 -88.6 -28.8.200 1.4.8. Hence.09 × (−0.36 × 1 = × (2. If VB is less than that from empirical value.6) ] 2 2 2 1/2 Clause 7.265 sec.6.3 508. ( S a / g ) = 2.0 155. We may interpret “base shear calculated using a fundamental period as per 7. ZI Ah 3 = (S a / g ) 2R 0. Table 2.9 -37.200 4.404/610 = 2.30 = 320 kN = 610 kN (Clause 7.921 114.9 -5.2.5f of IS: 1893 Part 1) IITK-GSDMA-EQ21-V2. Mode 1: Ah 2 T1 = 0.3 summarizes the calculation of lateral load at different floors in each mode. 0.8 155.6 -88.0 Example 2/Page 8 .831 -0.6 45.716 0.

14 = 297 kN 2.14 = 404 kN 2. In that case. the external seismic forces at floor levels will now be: Q4 = 182 Q3 = 189 Q2 = 139 Q1 = 100 × × × × 2.245 kNm 3.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) Q1 = 100 × 2. base shear in first mode of vibration =1300 kN. 86. for mode 1: T1 = 0.2 + 14.304 kN Storey Moment. and therein lies the advantage of dynamic analysis. the second interpretation gives about 10% lower forces.28 sec). we need to scale up the values of response quantities in the ratio (1.450 × 0. M (Dynamic) 1. scaled) 389 kN Storey Moment.491 kN Storey ShearV (dynamic.782 kNm 7.632 kNm 15.14).5 .303 kN Notice that most of the base shear is contributed by first mode only.14 = 389 kN 2.300 kN 2. Total base shear by SRSS Clearly.303/610 = 2. IITK-GSDMA-EQ21-V2.0 Example 2/Page 9 .30 = 230 kN = 1.090 kN 1.09 = 1.907 kNm 5.6 Table 2. respectively.09 Modal mass times Ah1 = 14. For instance. the storey moments are significantly affected by change in load distribution. scaled) Storey Shear V (static) 611 kN 504 kN 297 kN 79 kN 389 kN 404 kN 297 kN 214 kN 611 kN 1. For instance.386 kNm 9.2.28 sec.412kN 1.14 = 214 kN Base shear in modes 2 and 3 is as calculated earlier: Now. We could make either interpretation. M (Static) 1. Ah1 ( S a / g ) = 2. We may also interpret this clause to mean that we redo the dynamic analysis but replace the fundamental time period value by Ta (= 0. Herein we will proceed with the values from the second interpretation and compare the design values with those obtained in Example 1 as per static analysis: 2 2 2 = 1300 + 86. there is considerable difference in the lateral load distribution with building height.4 – Base shear at different storeys Floor Level i 4 3 2 1 Q (static) Q (dynamic.8.270 kNm 12.2 kN and 14.750 kNm Notice that even though the base shear by the static and the dynamic analyses are comparable. = ZI (S a / g ) 2R =0. In this interpretation of Cl 7.115kN 1.6 kN.530 kNm 793 kN 1.

coordinates of centre of mass are (9.2 Mass of part I is 1200 kg/m2. 4.1 –Plan Solution: Let us divide the roof slab into three rectangular parts as shown in figure 2.76 m X = IITK-GSDMA-EQ21 –V2.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) Example 3 – Location of Centre of Mass Problem Statement: Locate centre of mass of a building having non-uniform distribution of mass as shown in the figure 3. Let origin be at point A.1) 20 m Figure 3. and the coordinates of the centre of mass be at (X. Y) (10 × 4 × 1200) × 5 + (10 × 4 × 1000) × 15 + (20 × 4 × 1000) × 10 (10 × 4 × 1200) + (10 × 4 × 1000) + (20 × 4 × 1000) = 9. .0 Example 3 /Page10 .76.1 10 m I 4m 1200 kg/m2 1000 kg/m2 III 8m II Y= (10 × 4 × 1200) × 6 + (10 × 4 × 1000) × 6 + (20 × 4 × 1000) × 2 (10 × 4 × 1200) + (10 × 4 × 1000) + (20 × 4 × 1000) = 4.1 10 m 4m 1200 kg/m2 1000 kg/m2 8m A 20 m Figure 3. while that of the other two parts is 1000 kg/m2.1 m Hence.

coordinates of centre of stiffness are (8. i. there are four identical frames having equal lateral stiffness. However. Hence.0 Example 4 /Page11 . 5m 5m 5m 5m Figure 4. In the Y-direction. IITK-GSDMA-EQ21 –V2. X = k × 0 + k × 5 + k × 10 + k × 20 = 8.1.75.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) Example 4 – Location of Centre of Stiffness Problem Statement: The plan of a simple one storey building is shown in figure 3.75 m k+k+k+k Hence.1 –Plan 10 m Solution: In the X-direction there are three identical frames located at uniform spacing. All columns and beams are same. the ycoordinate of centre of stiffness is located symmetrically. Y). Let the lateral stiffness of each transverse frame be k. at 5. 5..0). the spacing is not uniform. and coordinating of center of stiffness be (X.e.0 m from the left bottom corner. Obtain its centre of stiffness.

and hence. Compute design lateral forces on different shear walls using the torsion provisions of 2002 edition of IS 1893 (Part 1).0 − 0.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) Example 5 –Lateral Force Distribution as per Torsion Provisions of IS 1893-2002 (Part 1) Problem Statement: Consider a simple one-storey building having two shear walls in each direction. k.e.4 . (8. and IITK-GSDMA-EQ21 –V2.C .05 × 8 = 0.0 m rB = -6. Centre of rigidity (CR) will be at (6.0 Example 5 /Page 12 .0. Design shear force on the building is 100 kN in either direction. D ∑ where ri is the distance of the shear wall from CR.0).5 m.05 × 8 = −0. and rA = -6.9. EQ Force in X-direction: Because of symmetry in this direction.0 m ed = 0.0. 200 thick and 4 m long. 4. spaces have same lateral stiffness.5 × 0. B . Centre of mass (CM) will be the geometric centre of the floor slab. calculated eccentricity = 0. All four walls are in M25 grade concrete. i. 4.0 kN FDT = KC + K D Lateral forces in the walls due to torsional moment: K i ri (Fed ) FiR = K i ri2 i = A . It has some gravity columns that are not shown.4 (Clause 7. All the walls have same stiffness.0 m Design eccentricity: ed = 1.2 of IS 1893:2002) Lateral forces in the walls due to translation: KC FCT = F = 50.0 + 0..0 kN KC + K D KD F = 50. Floor consists of cast-in-situ reinforced concrete.0). KA = KB = KC = KD = k.1 – Plan X Solution: Grade of concrete: M25 E = 5000 25 = 25000 N/mm2 Storey height h = 4500 m Thickness of wall t = 200 mm Length of walls L = 4000 mm All walls are same. Storey height is 4. Y 2m 4m C 4m 4m A B 8m D 16m Figure 5.

92 kN ( rA k (Fed ) = 2 r + r + rC2 + rD k 2 A 2 B ) - FAR rA k (Fed ) = 2 2 rA + rB2 + rC2 + rD k ( ) Similarly.07 kN FB =71.92 kN.62 kN FDR = 14. FBR = 21. FBR = ± 2. 4. and ed = ±0.0 Example 5/Page 13 .62.92= 28.2 m. FC = Max (14.54 kN EQ Force in Y-direction: Calculated eccentricity= 2. then the total lateral forces in the walls will be.8 m FAT = IITK-GSDMA-EQ21-V2.54 ) = 51.8 m or = 2.21.92 kN FCR = -14. Combining the forces obtained from seismic loading in X and Y directions: FA = 43.05 × 16 = 3. note that clause 7.5 × 2. 56.62 kN FD = 4.54 kN FD = Max (50 ± 1.62) = 14.31 kN FCR = ± 1.2 m Lateral forces in the walls due to translation: KA F = 50.0 kN KA + KB KB FBT = F = 50.92 kN FC =51.4.54 kN. FB = Max (71. 43.62 kN Total lateral forces in the walls: FA = 50 .0 m Design eccentricity: ed = 1.54 kN FDR = ± 1. negative torsional shear shall be neglected”.07 kN.93) = 71.05 × 16 = 1.08 kN FB = 50 +20.0 − 0. FD = Max (14. FAR = 21. Hence. when ed = 1.62.93 = 56.0 m.77= 71. FA = 50 – 6. = ± 2.54 kN Total lateral forces in the walls due to seismic load in X direction: FA = 2. However.9.08.93 kN FC = .62 kN.1 also states that “However.62 kN Similarly.92.93 = 43.0 + 0.62) = 14.07 kN FB = 50 + 6. wall A should be designed for not less than 50 kN.4 m Therefore.31 kN Similarly.0 m rD = -4.92 kN FC = -14.07) = 43.62 kN. 4.54 ) = 51.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) rC = 4.54 kN FD =51.0 kN KA + KB Lateral force in the walls due to torsional moment: when ed = 3.31 kN FC = Max (50 ± 1.62 kN Maximum forces in walls due to seismic load in Y direction: FA = Max (28.62 kN FD = 14.31 kN FB = 2.

0.62 kN Similarly. Centre of mass (CM) will be the geometric centre of the floor slab. i.0 ± 0.1 – Plan X Solution: Grade of concrete: M25 E = 5000 25 = 25000 N/mm2 Storey height h = 4500 m Thickness of wall t = 200 mm Length of walls L = 4000 mm All walls are same. ed = 0.. compute design lateral forces on different shear walls using the torsion provisions of revised draft code IS 1893 (part 1).0 m FAR = ( rA k (Fed ) 2 r + r + rC2 + rD k 2 A 2 B ) Design eccentricity.0). Y 2m 4m 4m C 6m 4m A B 8m D 16m Figure 6. 4.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) Example 6 – Lateral Force Distribution as per New Torsion Provisions Problem Statement: For the building of example 5.e. EQ Force in X-direction: Because of symmetry in this direction. 4.62 kN FB = .0 m rB= -6.0. IITK-GSDMA-EQ05-V2. same lateral stiffness.08 kN Total lateral forces in the walls: FA = 4.1 × 8 = ±0.08 kN FDR = -3.e. k. D K i ri (Fed ) ∑ K i ri 2 where ri is the distance of the shear wall from CR All the walls have same stiffness.08 kN FD = 50-3.0.0 kN KC + K D Lateral forces in the walls due to torsional moment: IITK-GSDMA-EQ21 –V2. B . calculated eccentricity = 0.0). FBR = 4. (8.0 m rC= 4.08 = 46.0 = .9.4.62 kN FC = 50+3.C .2 of Draft IS 1893: (Part1)) Lateral forces in the walls due to translation: KC F = 50.. Centre of rigidity (CR) will be at (6.0 m FiR = i = A .4.08 = 53. and hence.0 kN FCT = KC + K D KD FDT = F = 50.62 kN FCR = 3. i.8 (clause 7. KA = KB = KC = KD = k rA= -6.0 m rD= -4.92 kN Example 6 /Page 14 .

0 kN KA + KB KB F = 50.54 kN Maximum forces in walls A and B FA =47.77 kN FCR = 13. FBR = 20. ed = 2.31= 47.1 × 16 = 3.0 Example 6/Page 15 .69 kN.8 m.62 kN FB = 4.77 kN Design lateral forces in all the walls are as follows: FA =47.77= 70.0 m Design eccentricity.92 kN FD = 50+3.0.31 kN FC = 1.08kN Design lateral forces in walls C and D are: FC= FD= 53.69 kN FB = 50+2.77 kN FC =53.69 kN FB =70.85 kN FDR = -13.4 m. when ed= 0.4 m Similarly.4.85 kN Similarly. FA = . FA = 50-2. when ed= .08 = 46.77 kN ( rA k (Fed ) = 2 r + r + rC2 + rD k 2 A 2 B ) - IITK-GSDMA-EQ21-V2.0 − 0.54 kN FD = .08 = 53. FB =70.0 kN FBT = KA + KB Lateral force in the walls due to torsional moment: when ed= 3. Lateral forces in the walls due to translation: KA F = 50.85 kN FD = -13.31= 53.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) Similarly.05 kN FD =53.23 kN FB = 50+20.05 kN.1 × 16 = 0.6 m or ed = 2.77= 29.6 m FAT = FAR = 20. then the total lateral forces in the walls will be. then the lateral forces in the walls will be.1.8 kN Total lateral forces in the walls: FA = 50-20.05 kN EQ Force in Y-direction: Calculated eccentricity= 2.62 kN FC = 50-3.77 kN FC = 13.0 + 0.

1W p = 10.2 ⎞ 1. Table 12).2 m. It is attached by four anchored bolts. embedded in a concrete slab.1) is to be installed on the roof of a five storey building in Simla (seismic zone IV).0 The design seismic force Z ⎛ x⎞ a Fp = ⎜1 + ⎟ p I pW p 2 ⎝ h ⎠ Rp = 0.0 m Figure 7. Height of point of attachment of the equipment above the foundation of the building. x = (4. Importance factor Ip = 1 (not life safety component. Wp = 100 kN IITK-GSDMA-EQ21-V2.0 m. Z = 0. Wp Fp CG 1.5 (Table 11). Amplification factor of the equipment.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) Example 7 – Design for Anchorage of an Equipment Problem Statement: A 100 kN equipment (Figure 7. Height of the building. Determine the shear and tension demands on the anchored bolts during earthquake shaking. Weight of the equipment. except the ground storey which is 4.2 m. a p = 1 (rigid component.2 ⎠ 2. for the equipment Fp =10. Example 7/Page 16 .6 kN < 0.0 kN.2 +3. Floor to floor height of the building is 3. h = 16.24 (for zone IV. Table 11).0 × 4) m = 16. design seismic force.5 = 9. Table 2 of IS 1893).0kN Hence. one at each corner of the equipment.1– Equipment installed at roof Solution: Zone factor.2 m.0 (1)(100 ) kN ⎜1 + ⎟ 2 ⎝ 16. Response modification factor Rp = 2.5 m Anchor bolt Anchor bolt 1.24 ⎛ 16.

0kN IITK-GSDMA-EQ21-V2.0 kN The overturning moment is M ot = 2.0 × (10.5 m) = 30.0) kN (1.3.0 kN) × (1. Hence.13.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) The anchorage of equipment with the building must be designed for twice of this force (Clause 7.0/4 kN =5. tension per anchor bolt from overturning is Ft = (30.4 of draft IS 1893) Shear per anchor bolt.0 kN-m The overturning moment is resisted by two anchor bolts on either side. V = 2Fp/4 =2 × 10.0 Example 7/Page 17 .0)(2) =15.

2 + 3. Wp Fp Vibration Isolator CG 0 .0 × 3) m = 13.2 m.0 Example 8/Page 18 . Height of point of attachment of the generator above the foundation of the building. Table 11).2 m. Amplification factor of the generator. h = (4. Importance factor Ip = 1. Wp = 100 kN The design lateral force on the generator.36 (for zone V.5 (life safety component.5 (flexible component. Table 11). except the ground storey which is 4.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) Example 8 – Anchorage Design for an Equipment Supported on Vibration Isolator Problem Statement: A 100 kN electrical generator of a emergency power supply system is to be installed on the fourth floor of a 6-storey hospital building in Guwahati (zone V). Weight of the generator. Table 2 of IS 1893).0 m. to damp the vibrations generated during the operation. Floor to floor height of the building is 3. Z = 0. Response modification factor Rp = 2. Fp = Z ⎛ x ⎞ ap I pW p ⎜1 + ⎟ 2 ⎝ h ⎠ Rp IITK-GSDMA-EQ21-V2. Table 12). a p = 2. one at each corner of the unit. It is to be mounted on four flexible vibration isolators.2 + 3.2 m Figure 8. x = (4. Height of the building.8 m 1.5 (vibration isolator.1 – Electrical generator installed on the floor Solution: Zone factor.0 × 5) m = 19.2 m. Determine the shear and tension demands on the isolators during earthquake shaking.

8 kN The overturning moment.2 kN ) × ( 0. Ft = ( 73. V = Fp/4 = 22.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) = 0. the design force is doubled i.1Wp = 10. Therefore.5)(100 ) kN ⎜1 + ⎟ 2 ⎝ 19.0 kN-m The overturning moment (Mot) is resisted by two vibration isolators on either side.0 Example 8/Page 19 . M ot = ( 91.2 ⎠ 2.2 ⎞ 2..4 kN IITK-GSDMA-EQ21-V2.0 ) kN (1. Fp = 2 × 45.0kN Since the generator is mounted on flexible vibration isolator.5 (1.e.8 m ) = 73.5 = 45.36 ⎛ 13.2 kN Shear force resisted by each isolator. tension or compression on each isolator.6 kN = 91.2 )( 2 ) = 30.6 kN 0.

0 mm.0 m. one may use the drift limits (this presumes that the building complies with seismic code).004 times the storey height.0 m and 8. assuming that the analysis of building is not possible to assess deflections under seismic loads.0 mm Design the connections of neon board to accommodate a relative motion of 50 mm.0 m Height of level y to which lower connection point is attached..0 – 8000. (ii) Alternatively.0) mm = 50. From the elastic analysis under design seismic load.0 mm Deflection at building level y of structure A due to design seismic load determined by elastic analysis = 25.0 mm and 25. Maximum interstorey drift allowance as per clause 7.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) Example 9 – Design of a Large Sign Board on a Building Problem Statement: A neon sign board is attached to a 5-storey building in Ahmedabad (seismic zone III). Height of level x to which upper connection point is attached.0 mm The neon board will be designed to accommodate a relative motion of 80 mm.11.e. Solution: Since sign board is a displacement sensitive nonstructural element.1 is IS : 1893 is 0.0 Example 9/Page 20 . hy = 8.0)(0. hx = 12.0 m Deflection at building level x of structure A due to design seismic load determined by elastic analysis = 35. it should be designed for seismic relative displacement.0 mm IITK-GSDMA-EQ21-V2. it is found that the deflections of upper and lower attachments of the sign board are 35.0 mm Response reduction factor of the building R = 5 (special RC moment resisting frame. respectively.0 mm =5 (12000. Δ aA = 0.004) mm = 80. Table 7) (i) D p = δ xA − δ yA = (175. i. δ yA = 5 x 25 = 125.004 hsx D p = R (hx − h y ) Δ aA hsx δ xA = 5 x 35 = 175.0 – 125. It is attached by two anchors at a height 12. Find the design relative displacement.

and the vertical settlement of the soil due to liquefaction (Δv). This table provides the factor of safety against liquefaction (FSliq).8 = 66.5 CSReq = 0.5 kN / m 3 .75 × 18.9 kPa u 0 = (12.75 6.75 3. M w = 7. Estimate the liquefaction potential and resulting settlement expected at this location.7 kPa Stress reduction factor: Step by step calculation for the depth of 12.75m Initial stresses: Solution: Site Characterization: This site consists of loose to dense poorly graded sand to silty sand (SP-SM).24 Liquefaction Potential of Underlying Soil σ v = 12.75 12.75m is given below.00m Depth at which liquefaction potential is to be IITK-GSDMA-EQ21-V2.00) × 9.75 9.81 × (235.2 = 169.24) × 0.2 kPa σ v' = (σ v − u 0 ) = 235.5 = 235.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) Example: 10 Liquefaction Analysis using SPT data Problem Statement: The measured SPT resistance and results of sieve analysis for a site in Zone IV are indicated in Table 10.24 .75 N 60 9 17 13 18 17 15 26 Soil Classification Poorly Graded Sand and Silty Sand (SP-SM) Percentage fine 11 16 12 8 8 7 6 Poorly Graded Sand and Silty Sand (SP-SM) Poorly Graded Sand and Silty Sand (SP-SM) Poorly Graded Sand and Silty Sand (SP-SM) Poorly Graded Sand and Silty Sand (SP-SM) Poorly Graded Sand and Silty Sand (SP-SM) Poorly Graded Sand and Silty Sand (SP-SM) evaluated = 12.24g corresponding to zone factor Z = 0.9 / 169.65 × (a maz / g ) × rd × σ v / σ v' ( ) CSReq = 0.5 magnitude earthquake.18 Correction for SPT overburden pressure: (N) value for a max = 0.2. g γ sat = 18. Detailed calculations for all the depths are given in Table 10. Determine the extent to which liquefaction is expected for 7.81 Critical stress ratio induced by earthquake: a max = 0.75 − 6.5 . γ w = 9.L.75 = 0.75 15. rd = 1 − 0.7 ) = 0.9 − 66.015 × 12. The peak horizontal ground acceleration value for the site will be taken as 0.24 g . M w = 7. The site is located in zone IV. The water table is at 6m below ground level.75 18.1: Result of the Standard penetration Test and Sieve Analysis Depth (m) 0.1. Table 10.015 z = 1 − 0.8 kN / m 3 Depth of water level below G.0 (N )60 = C N × N 60 C N = 9. = 6.79 1 / σ v' ( ) 1/ 2 Example 10/Page 21 . maximum depth of liquefaction below the ground surface.65 × (0. The SPT values ranges from 9 to 26.

5 (Figure F-4) %ε = 2.00 m below GL (Units: Tons and Meters) σv Depth %Fine (kPa) ' σv (kPa) N 60 9.14 0.9 291.00 1.5 0.5 k m kα kσ k m = Correction factor for earthquake magnitude other than 7.00 16.83 %ε 2.8 221.14 0.063m = 63mm Summary: = 1.18 0.75 0.32 0.18 0.075 0.34 0.21 0.9 0.18 0.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) C N = 9.76 0.00 8.50 0.9 69.85 0.20 0.27 0.21 (N 1 )60 = 13 CSRL = CSR7.82 0.15 0.315 IITK-GSDMA-EQ21-V2.063 0.75 15.75 11.75 6.4 117.22 CSR7.30 1.88 0.75 3.13 0.70 ΔV 0.16 0.67 Percentage volumetric strain (%ε) For ( N )60 = 13 .75 × 17 = 13 Critical stress ratio resisting liquefaction: FS L = CSR L / CSReq = 0.50 1.99 0.79 (1 / 169.15 0.67 2.12 Factor of safety against liquefaction: (N )60 = 0.17 0.75 18.15 0.86 0.90 2. fines content of 8% CSR7.90 0.14 × 1 × 1 × 0.90 0.00 6.70 0.5 k α = Correction factor for initial driving static shear (Figure F-6) (ΔV) = volumetric strain x thickness of liquefiable level = 2.4 235.18 CSReql 0.14 (Figure F-2) Corrected Critical Stress Ratio Resisting Liquefaction: For CSReql = CSReq / (k m kα kσ ) = 0.88) = 0.00 for M w = 7.18 = 0.18 0. since no initial static shear kσ = Correction factor for stress level larger than 96 kPa (Figure F-5) Analysis shows that the strata between depths 6m and 19.4 346.1 × 3.00 15.00 17.12 / 0.051 0.00 17.00 26.88 = 0.75 12. The maximum settlement of the soil due to liquefaction is estimated as 315mm (Table 10.11 0.5m are liable to liquefy.5 143.0 / 100 = 0.22 0.00 13.67 0.9 180.6 169.00.00 CN 2.2) = 0.09 0.00 12.75 CSR L = 0.9 69.10 (from Figure F-8) Liquefaction induced vertical settlement (ΔV): = 1.0 Example 10/Page 22 .72 Total Δ CSReq 0.5 = 0.81 0.18 CSR L 0.057 0.94 0.15 0.18 / (1x1x0.66 ( N )60 18 20 12 15 13 10 17 rd 0.7 195.00 8.88 Table 10.25 0.14 0.069 0.10 2.9 13.15 FS L 1.00 13.13 0.4 124.75 9.00 18.7 ) 1/ 2 = 0.2: Liquefaction Analysis: Water Level 6.15 0.12 0.00 7.

69 112.50 16.8 = 21.74 9.24 fs 0.28 20.652 0.329 0.00 2.0 Example 11 /Page 23 .58 52.50 13.70 51.50 17.248 0.027 0.00 qc 144.219 1.50 8.93 53.00 15.595 0.75 91.30 51.5m is given below.58 74.49 39.60 62.00 11.00 13.231 0.357 0. = 2.218 0.132 0.49 77.75 53.5.184 0.208 0.50 12. The peak horizontal ground acceleration value for the site will be taken as 0. The site is located in zone V.602 0.46 39.135 0.099 0.50 4.50 20. IITK-GSDMA-EQ21 –V2. Detailed calculations are given in Table 11.50 3.50 9.99 48.16 115.233 0.50 1.62 150.1: Result of the Cone penetration Test Depth (m) 0.50 5.50 7.31 95.217 0.35 m.50 14.50 10.00 qc 46.94 57.94 63.155 0.36. The results of the cone penetration test (CPT) of 20m thick layer in Zone V are indicated in Table 11.173 Depth (m) 14.L.185 0.00 16.00 1.5.77 47.02 fs 0.282 0. This table provides the factor of safety against liquefaction (FSliq).8 kN / m 3 Depth of water level below G.281 0.00 kPa u 0 = (4.35m Depth at which liquefaction potential is to be evaluated = 4. Assume the water table to be at a depth of 2.291 0.11 33.36g corresponding to zone factor Z = 0.08 fs 0.60 46.193 0.00 4.00 17.39 54.00 12. γ w = 9.50 11.90 104.00 6.256 0.275 0.07 kPa σ v' = (σ v − u 0 ) = 81 − 21.05 46.5 × 18 = 81.00 18.50 6.346 0.50 19.39 36.50 15.00 9.69 49.235 0.36 Initial stresses: σ v = 4.50 18.39 58.184 0.00 qc 45.94 56.93 55. Table 11.50 2.50 10.93 kPa Stress reduction factor: amax/g = 0.68 45.05 48.2.130 0.181 Depth (m) 7.5m Step by step calculation for the depth of 4.35) × 9.00 3.129 0. Mw=7.00 5.5 − 2.1.159 0.297 0.144 0. the unit weight of the soil to be 18 kN/m3 and the magnitude of 7.392 0.375 Solution: Liquefaction Potential of Underlying Soil γ sat = 18 kN / m 3 .359 0.00 8.69 70.00 10.193 0.58 41.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) Example: 11 Liquefaction Analysis using CPT data Problem Statement: Prepare a plot of factors of safety against liquefaction versus depth.07 = 59.161 0.43 64.00 19.

since no initial static shear kσ = Correction factor for stress level larger than 96 kPa (Figure F-5) = 1.903)2 = 2.36) × 0.5 (Figure F-4) (q c1N )cs = 1.19)2 + (1.93) = 0.64 The soil behavior type index.35 59.403I c + 5.32 = 0. is given by Ic = Ic = (3.11 (Figure F-6) FS liq = CRR / CSR L FS liq = 0.19 ) + 5.00 .64 and 3 2 K c = −0.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) rd = 1 − 0.5 = 0.75(2.32 Correction factor for grain characteristics: K c = 1 .00 CSR L = 0.35] × (101.63I c M + 33.65 × (a maz / g ) × rd × σ v / σ ( ) K c = −0.5 k α = Correction factor for initial driving static shear (Figure F-6) CRR =0.22 + log F )2 (3.34 Summary: Analysis shows that the strata between depths 0-1m are liable to liquefy under earthquake shaking corresponding to peak ground acceleration of 0. I c . = 1.93) = 42.47 − log 42.997 × (81 / 59.5 (3369 101.35 59.47 − log Q )2 + (1.36g.11 / 0.19 Where.0 4 for I c ≤ 1. The plot for depth verses factor of safety is shown in Figure 11.000765 z = 1 − 0.997 Critical stress earthquake: ratio induced by ' v ′ Q = [(q c − σ v ) Pa ](Pa σ v ) n Q = [(3369 − 81) 101.581I c − 21.64(101.403(2.22 + log 0.5 CSReq = 0.63(2.00 for M w = 7.0 Example 11/Page 24 .32 Corrected Critical Stress Ratio Resisting Liquefaction: Normalized Cone Tip Resistance: (qc1N )cs ′ = K c (Pa σ v ) (q c Pa ) n CSRL = CSReq k m kα kσ k m = Correction factor for earthquake magnitude other than 7.19 ) M + 33.1 = 1.19 ) − 17.75 I c − 17.19 ) − 21.64 2 CSReq = 0.93)0.000765 × 4.65 × (0.7 / (3369 − 81)] × 100 = 0.903 and IITK-GSDMA-EQ21-V2.88 for I c > 1.77 Factor of safety against liquefaction: For (q c1N )cs = 70. F = f (q c − σ v ) × 100 F = [29.19 4 3 0.35) = 70.88 = 1.77 .32 × 1 × 1 × 1 = 0.581(2.

81 1.23 1.00 16.11 0.88 1.00 153.67 45.65 0.26 0.56 46.00 1.60 0.50 15.50 20.28 0.33 80.19 0.61 0.11 0.53 170.90 12.23 0.23 0.10 0.03 150.23 0.62 58.50 9.00 100.00 288.50 18.67 0.16 0.00 45.27 0.00 1.63 58.21 F 0.00 234.13 1.11 1.72 1.14 0.17 1.00 198.35 0.83 1.13 72.32 0.00 27.29 0.00 135.09 0.00 13.00 1.47 416.50 11.38 0.47 qc (kPa) 14431 9549 3928 2062 15093 5550 1074 911 3369 7069 4970 5143 6494 5724 4546 3939 3668 4530 5105 4639 5805 4894 6375 5393 5360 6239 5458 5208 4660 4677 4758 4199 4894 5669 11290 10449 7775 9158 7416 11502 fs (kPa) 65.26 0.46 0.00 333.70 59.50 17.89 1.90 14.36 0.93 105.35 0.11 0.00 108.96 11.43 1.10 0.34 Q 241.53 47.83 1.02 1.00 4.13 154.00 18.46 55.19 86.10 27.47 CRR 100.23 0.19 2.50 0.30 0.24 0.00 12.50 14.43 84.32 0.33 0.80 84.00 15.93 Ic 1.96 2.70 35.38 0.01 2.63 133.10 15.90 21.01 1.24 0.90 0.34 0.55 79.28 0.24 55.00 0.09 60.62 59.22 0.35 88.37 0.23 62.35 0.29 1.50 2.00 315.72 0.45 0.00 1.11 0.06 2.34 0.35 0.30 0.50 4.50 62.16 58.50 18.50 35.34 0.10 0.00 1.00 207.53 2.10 0.00 2.02 1.92 5.28 91.81 60.39 0.72 0.70 23.12 0.40 39.93 1.18 1.54 226.63 0.48 0.50 1.20 28.24 0.10 0.45 83.25 0.99 0.00 σv ' 9.00 1.00 18.00 6.00 306.43 166.00 189.10 0.48 0.11 0.68 72.19 1.30 1.00 3.60 25.48 0.22 0.17 83.36 0.26 1.69 0.30 23.0 Example 11/Page 25 .83 59.01 1.59 0.50 8.33 1.00 351.51 0.45 0.24 0.27 0.13 0.57 64.25 0.23 0.25 0.14 0.22 0.73 96.84 56.71 0.73 178.35 68.53 129.36 0.26 0.06 2.10 0.14 FSliq 434.63 51.37 0.09 0.99 55.36 0.51 0.36 0.12 0.00 27.64 70.23 0.46 0.38 0.30 0.03 rd 1.30 0.37 0.50 13.83 182.80 19.11 0.13 0.00 8.79 1.29 0.73 0.00 47.53 0.83 2.70 37.48 76.29 0.02 2.79 41.50 10.89 80.24 0.40 0.99 1.72 0.38 0.23 0.28 0.36 0.93 64.00 54.49 0.00 1.48 0.50 19.00 1.99 0.00 0.25 0.30 29.75 1.37 0.55 1.50 7.43 33.28 0.99 0.10 0.20 60.00 171.97 2.00 99.30 24.36 0.11 2.00 90.00 1.41 0.44 63.50 16.94 68.50 5.46 0.10 0.73 0.35 0.24 1.00 279.97 2.37 0.00 18.15 0.20 13.73 Kc 1.00 117.09 48.00 1.63 0.33 162.45 56.22 53.88 1.32 0.75 0.13 1.63 57.64 1.09 0.28 0.10 0.00 324.24 0.56 0.20 34.27 0.99 0.10 18.36 0.03 68.36 0.39 0.34 0.23 0.00 225.50 9.67 IITK-GSDMA-EQ21-V2.00 72.78 43.29 0.63 1.90 18.21 53.26 0.23 0.61 0.80 15.50 23.34 0.68 1.53 68.08 0.00 0.00 216.31 1.03 109.35 0.27 1.57 0.93 187.24 0.79 62.00 243.50 20.50 6.45 0.13 113.57 0.92 65.04 227.90 18.23 76.10 0.53 88.42 0.92 1.02 49.20 21.83 141.55 0.34 0.00 144.25 0.33 0.67 0.91 159.02 87.00 360.00 σv 9.21 CSRL 0.00 261.00 1.00 19.00 1.44 0.53 52.95 1.00 342.28 36.15 42.28 0.27 1.00 63.06 1.10 13.93 36.00 17.00 36.00 297.31 0.00 1.99 0.33 0.63 92.77 96.11 100.17 1.08 2.50 19.00 32.23 158.22 1.56 59.10 21.00 7.36 0.66 40.29 0.28 0.95 2.48 51.38 1.06 160.98 1.26 44.43 125.78 434.10 1.37 0.28 0.46 75.00 270.40 43.27 0.23 0.25 1.92 2.25 0.22 0.00 36.00 10.90 102.2: Liquefaction Analysis: Water Level 2.26 0.27 0.33 0.09 0.39 44.31 0.23 36.23 117.64 0.47 1.39 1.00 180.63 0.65 1.71 85.10 0.30 0.00 5.00 126.33 0.73 55.18 50.23 0.30 16.29 0.28 0.08 3.35 0.68 36.24 1.52 0.10 0.21 1.40 29.35 0.30 0.39 0.50 12.00 14.26 0.31 5.29 0.90 53.34 0.50 3.73 1.40 0.00 1.10 0.43 0.07 1.51 61.23 105.33 121.33 1.00 252.80 17.61 71.55 0.83 100.00 162.60 72.29 0.68 0.40 13.34 0.00 1.95 1.00 11.32 0.10 0.34 0.06 (qc1N)cs 242.40 0.38 0.29 41.00 2.00 43.12 0.87 65.78 0.35 m below GL (Units: kN and Meters) Depth 0.63 174.00 9.00 1.00 2.34 0.31 31.50 CSReq 0.73 137.26 0.67 57.92 2.01 68.40 1.21 1.31 1.38 0.26 0.04 36.93 146.60 28.23 0.00 1.10 13.30 1.85 72.48 68.37 0.00 81.33 1.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) Table 11.

1: Factor of Safety against Liquefaction IITK-GSDMA-EQ21-V2.0 Example 11/Page 26 .0 1.0 0 0.0 3 5 8 Depth (m) 10 13 15 18 20 Figure 11.5 1.5 2.Examples on IS 1893(Part 1) Factor of Safety 0.

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