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Published by: gaffar24 on May 29, 2012
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Buddhism & Jainism

The school of Buddhism evolved in the eastern part of India in 563 BCE. More or less at the same time (in & around 550 BCE) another school,

Jainism, with almost similar thoughts, was developing in the same part of India. The founder
of Jainism, Lord Mahavira was a contemporary of Lord Buddha, the founder of Buddhism and even the Buddhist texts called Lord Mahavira 'an enlightened being'.In the sixth century BCE and the preceding era, when both the schools of thought were developing and spreading their horizon, no rivalry seemed to have existed between them. This was because of the fact that both the religions almost believed in the same facts and philosophy of life. However, both differed on some of the views such as salvation and soul which led to their separate ways.

Similarities Between Buddhism And Jainism On God :
Buddhism : The original Buddhist doctrine does not entail any godly figures, though the later
Buddhist sects introduced some Godly figures. The Buddhists believe in the Godlike figures or the Bodhisattvas, who take interest in the welfare of the world and work for its liberation.

Jainism: Alike Buddhism, Jainism also denies the existence of God, though they acknowledge
the presence of the Jinas or Kevalins, who are higher than human beings in status but subject to change and evolution. However, unlike the Bodhisattvas, the Kevalins are rather indifferent to the prayers and problems and remain unaffected.

On Nirvana
Buddhism: In Buddhism, nirvana is freedom from the cycle of rebirth, when a being turns into
a state of non-being, or Sunya, looses its identity and becomes nothing.

Jainism: in Jainism, nirvana is a state of moksha, where a being looses its identity and is free
from the cycle of birth and death.

On Liberation
Buddhism : The path of liberation in Buddhism goes through good conduct and good deeds, as
mentioned in Eightfold path, Four Noble Truths, Five Preceptions and other moral conducts.

Jainism: Similarly, the path of liberation in Jainism is to follow right perception, right
knowledge, and right conduct. One has to overcome the worldly desires and feelings to attain liberation or to become a perfect soul.

but a real substance that flows into each individual body or jiva. thought. soul is an individuality that does exist in plants and animals. is not a mere effect of one's actions. Jainism: According to Jainism. which is a result of one's action. soul is present in every animate and inanimate object of the universe including its elements . which is beyond any description and speculation. Jainism: Jainism also believes in the universality of karma and its effect on human beings. according to Jainism. meditation and other yogic practices are essential for self purification and liberation. unlike Buddhism. but the individuality of an individual that passes into nothingness. Jainism: In Jainism as well. On Non-Violence Buddhism: Buddhism is a peaceful religion with non-violence at the heart of its thoughts and behavior. but in the highest state of purity and enlightenment. . Jainism: Non-violence followed in action. there is no soul. water. Difference between Buddhism and Jainism on Karma Buddhism: Buddhism believes in the universality of Karma. the soul continues to remain as an individual soul. karma. but not in non-living or inanimate things. and speech is the highest morale in Jainism. On Soul Buddhism: According to Buddhism. fire and air. wind. On The Status and Evolution of Individual Beings Buddhism: After Nirvana. Jainism: After Nirvana. But.On Yogic Practices Buddhism: Buddhism emphasizes on the practice of mediation and other forms of Yoga to concentrate on inner self. This karmic substance remains with a being until good conduct and self purification eliminates them.earth.

but difference lies in their spread. originated and developed individually in the same geographical area of India. Central Asia. on the other hand. remained confined to India. Besides. . While Buddhism crossed the frontiers of its motherland and went to other parts of the Indian subcontinent. Jainism survived in India. a major difference lies in the dominions of both the religions. and parts of North America and Europe as well. with its teachings intact. far eastern countries. mostly untouched by the overwhelming philosophy and practices of Hinduism. Buddhism and Jainism. the land of its origin. whereas Jainism. while Buddhism disappeared from the Indian soil. at the same time imparting to the later some of its noblest ideas.Survival And Disappearence : Over a period of time. Though both.

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