Plants -

1. They have proved to be extremely valuable tools in studies on plant molecular biology, regulation of gene action, identification of regulatory/promotary sequences, etc. 2. Specific genes have been transferred into plants to improve their agronomic and other features. 3. Genes for resistance to various biotic stresses have been engineered to generate transgenic plants resistant to insects, viruses, etc. 4. Several gene transfers have been aimed at improving the produce quality. 5. Transgenic plants are being used to produce novel biochemicals like hirudin, etc. which are not produced by normal plants. 6. Transgenic plants can be used vaccines for immunization against pathogens; this is fast emerging as an important objective.

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