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A History of Chatham, Massachusetts (1909)

A History of Chatham, Massachusetts (1909)

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Published by teamnickerson
A History of Chatham, Massachusetts (1909)
A History of Chatham, Massachusetts (1909)

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Categories:Types, Research, Genealogy
Published by: teamnickerson on May 29, 2012
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ing frequency, although the record of such visits is unfortu-

nately lacking. The right to trade with the natives

undoubtedly brought the Pilgrims thither occasionally.

Alter the founding of Salem and Boston, trade sprang up

between these ports and the coast region west of Cape Cod, M

and also with the Southern colonics, thereby bringing an

increasing number of ships over the "Shoals" oi Monomoit.

In the autumn of 1633 the bark "Blessing of the Bay," on a

trip to and from Long Island, passed and re-passed "ovei

the Shoals of Cape Cod about three or lour leagues from

Nantucket Isle, where the breaches are very terrible."'"''

The following year, the Rebecka, Captain Pierce, master,

on a voyage to and from Narragansetl, ' "

went over

the shoals, having, for the most part, five or six

fathom within half a mile and less of the shore,

from the north part of Cape Cod to Nantucketl

Island, * *

and in the shallowest place two and a half

fathom ." ;;' ;

Only a lew such glimpses of this increasing

trade can be found here and there in early writings, and

almost nothing can be learned of those voyagers who

touched at Monomoit or met with disaster on its shores at

this early period. For the history of Monomoit subsequent

to the wreck of the "

Sparrow haw k," we must turn in

another direction ;

it can no longer be gathered from the

accounts of the explorer or the chance voyager.

34. Septembers, 1681. "About tills tune last year the company here set forth a

pinnace to the parts about cap,- cod to trade tor corn ami it brought here above eighty

bushels." Wlntbrop, Hlstorj <>t New England 1,7.'.

35. Wlntbrop, Historj oi New England 1. 134.

3G. Wlnthrop, History ol New England i, 175.




WITH the exception of the establishment of a trading
post at Manomet River by the Pilgrims in 1627,' the

Cape Cod peninsula remained exclusively in control of the

Indians till 1630. The Plymouth settlers had no rights

over it, for it did not lie within the meagre limits of the

colony, as originally granted to them by the "Council for

New England." By the terms of the new patent, however,

which they obtained in 1630, known as the Bradford patent,

the whole of Cape Cod became a part of the Plymouth

Colony. This change did not result in the immediate occu-

pation of the region, owing to the slow growth and con-

servative policy of the colony.

Early records and writings of the time, however, show

that different parts of the Cape were occasionally resorted to

about this time by fishermen, traders, and roving adven-

turers, and perhaps, in a very few cases, residents may have

established themselves in some parts of the county soon

after 1630. Those who did so, however, acted without the

authority of the Plymouth magistrates and were regarded as

intruders and trespassers.

The first authorized settlement on the Cape was made at

Sandwich in 1637, when liberty was given to the men of

Saugus (now Lynn), viz. :

Edmund Freeman, Henry

Feake, Thomas Dexter, Edward Dillingham, William Wood,

1. Bradford's Ulstory, 149.

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