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PROOF MARKS
2149
PROOF MARKS
The proof marks shown below will assist in determining nationality of manufacturers when no other markings are evident. Since the U.S. has no proofing houses (as in England, France, Germany and other European countries), most U.S. manufacturers voluntarily proof their firearms with a specifed style of proofmark (i.e. the interlocked ©WPª synonymous with the Winchester trademark can be fired using modern smokeless powder) shells. Pre1850 European firearms oftentimes do not exhibit any commercial proof marks and, with the exception of an occasional barrel address, they represent the single hardest bracket of firearms one can research properly. Captured weapons from major wars occasionally show two different nationalities of proofmarks. This is acceptable since the gun was proofed in a national proof house after original manufacture and again when the gun was exported to a different country as a military acquisition. Please refer to the References section in this text for proofmark source information. AUSTRIAN PROOF MARKS PROOF MARK CIRCA PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN
since 1891 since 1891 18921918 18921918 18921918 18921918 18921918 19181938 19181938 19381940 19381940 since 1945 since 1945 since 1891 Vienna Ferlach Prague Ferlach Prague Weipert Viena Ferlach Viena Ferlach Viena Vienna Ferlach Bundesheer provisional proof for multi barrel guns provisional proof for multi barrel guns provisional proof for rifles black powder proof for rifles black powder proof for rifles black powder proof for rifles black powder proof for rifles black powder proof for rifles black powder proof for rifles black powder proof for rifles black powder proof for rifles black powder proof for multi barrel guns black powder proof for multi barrel guns preliminary proof for multi barrel guns
2150
PROOF MARKS: AUSTRIAN PROOF MARKS, cont.
CIRCA
18911928
PROOF MARK
PROOF HOUSE
Budapest
TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN
smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols
Since 1981
Ferlach
18911931
Ferlach
since 1891
Vienna
18911931
PROOF MARKS: AUSTRIAN PROOF MARKS, cont.
Weipert
PROOF MARK
PROOF MARKS: BELGIAN PROOF MARKS cont. MARKS,
BELGIAN PROOF MARKS CIRCA PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN
since 1852 Liege provisional black powder proof for breech loading guns and rifled barrels double proof marking for unfurnished barrels triple proof provisional marking for unfurnished barrels definitive black powder proof for breech loading guns, small bore guns and handguns View stamp and inspectors mark for firearms "Perron" Nitro proof for rifled barrel and parabellum pistols rifled arms defense for smokeless proof parabellum pistols Superior nitro proof

Liege

Liege
since 1893
Liege
since 1853
Liege
since 1924
Liege
since 1852
Liege
PROOF MARKS: BELGIAN PROOF MARKS, cont.
Liege
PROOF MARK
PROOF MARKS: BRITISH PROOF MARKS  ENGLAND, cont.
BRITISH PROOF MARKS CIRCA PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN
since 1856 since 1856 London Birmingham provisional proof for barrels provisional proof for barrels
PROOF MARKS: BRITISH PROOF MARKS  ENGLAND, cont.
PROOF MARK CIRCA
since 1637
2151
PROOF HOUSE
London
TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN
definitive black powder proof for shotguns,muzzle loader barrels black powder proof for rifles black powder proof for rifles type EC. smokeless powder proof for rifles type Pt. smokeless powder proof for rifles smokeless powder proof for rifles smokeless powder proof for rifles definitive nitro proof for all guns  parabellum pistols definitive nitro proof for barrel and action black powder proof only for parabellum pistols definitive special super power proof for parabellum pistols voluntary special black powder proof reproof marking for black powder rifles reproof marking for black powder rifles definitive black powder proof for shotguns definitive nitro proof for all guns view mark view mark
18111892 18971923 18911968 18981968 18981968 since 1968 since 1904
Liege Liege Liege Liege Liege Liege London
since 1954 since 1904
Birmingham Birmingham
18681925
London
18681925 18681925 18681925 18681925 since 1904 since 1670 since 1904
PROOF MARKS: BRITISH PROOF MARKS  ENGLAND, cont.
Birmingham London Birmingham Birmingham Birmingham London Birmingham
2152
PROOF MARKS: FRENCH PROOF MARKS
PROOF MARKS: FRENCH PROOF MARKS
FRENCH PROOF MARKS ST ETIENNE HOUSE CIRCA TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN
since 1897 provisional proof unfinished short barreled guns standard proof for finished guns double proof finished and joined barrels single barrel proof for nonassembled guns finished black powder guns black powder proof for rifles final black powder proof for rifles final black powder proof for rifles final black powder proof for rifles smokeless powder proof for rifles smokeless powder proof for rifles smokeless powder proof for rifles smokeless powder proof for rifles smokeless powder proof for rifles smokeless powder proof for rifles final smokeless powder proof for rifles final smokeless powder proof for rifles final smokeless powder proof for rifles
PARIS HOUSE
1897 1897
1897
1897 since 1962 19621972 19261962 since 1962 since 1900 18961926 18961926 18961926 19001972 19261972 19621972 since 1962 since 1982
PROOF MARKS: FRENCH PROOF MARKS, cont.
PARIS HOUSE ST ETIENNE HOUSE CIRCA
1897 1897 1897
PROOF MARKS: FRENCH PROOF MARKS, cont. PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS cont. MARKS,
2153
TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN
special proof for finished guns ordinary smokeless powder proof superior smokeless powder proo
Research continues for the inclusion of Pre1950 German Proofmarks.
GERMAN PROOF MARKS PROOF HOUSE
Ulm Hannover Kiel (W. German) Munich Cologne (W. German) Berlin (W. German) Ulm Ulm Ulm
PROOF MARK
CIRCA
since 1952 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1952 since 1952 since 1952
TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN
voluntary proof for hand/long guns repair proof for major gun parts provisional black powder for shotgun & multi barreled rifles definitive nitro proof for all guns definitive black powder for smokeless ammo guns Flobert for special purpose guns signal, flare, gas, & stun guns smokeless powder proof 1st black powder proof for rifled barrels nitro powder proof
since 1952 since 1952
Ulm Ulm
since 1952
Ulm
since 1945 since 1950 since 1950
E. German, Suhl E. German, Suhl E. German, Suhl
2154
PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS, cont.
CIRCA
since 1950 since 1950
PROOF MARK
PROOF HOUSE
E. German, Suhl E. German, Suhl
TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN
repair proof 1st black powder proof for smooth bored barrels inspection mark chokebore barrel mark
since 1950 since 1950
PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS, cont.
E. German, Suhl E. German, Suhl
PROOF MARK
PROOF MARKS: ITALIAN PROOF MARKS, cont.
ITALIAN PROOF MARKS CIRCA PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN
since 1951 since 1951 since 1951 Brescia Gardone Gardone & Brescia provisional proof for all guns provisional proof for all guns definitive proof for guns with smokeless powder finish proof for firearms ready for sale 1st black powder proof
since 1951 since 1951
PROOF MARKS: ITALIAN PROOF MARKS, cont.
Gardone & Brescia Gardone & Brescia
PROOF MARK
PROOF MARKS: SPANISH PROOF MARKS, cont.
SPANISH PROOF MARKS CIRCA PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN
since 1910 since 1910 since 1910 Eibar Eibar Eibar provisional black powder proof for shotguns temporary black powder proof for shotguns final black powder proof for breech loading shotguns final smokeless powder proof for breech loading shotguns reenforced smokeless powder proof for breech loading shotguns provisional proof for shotguns final black powder proof for breech loading shotgun
since 1910
Eibar
since 1910
Eibar
since 1910 since 1910
Eibar Eibar
PROOF MARKS: SPANISH PROOF MARKS, cont.
PROOF MARK CIRCA
since 1923
2155
PROOF HOUSE
Eibar
TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN
final and single black powder proof for double barreled muzzle loading shotun final and single black powder proof for single barrel smooth bored breechloading guns final black powder proof for double barreled breechloading rifles final black powder proof for single barrel breechloading rifles reinforced voluntary proof for single proof for single and double barrel shotguns final proof of militarystyle rifle single and final proof of nonself loading pistols single and final proof for self loading pistols and revolvers admission proof for guns with old marks proof used in Barcelona for guns with old marks final proof for revolver proof for semiautomatic pistols special manufacturer's mark for guns made for foreign sales smokeless proof for shotgun barrels reinforced smokeless proof for shotgun barrels
since 1923
Eibar
since 1923
Eibar
since 1923
Eibar
since 1923
Eibar
since 1923 since 1923
Eibar Eibar
since 1923
Eibar
since 1929 since 1929
Eibar Eibar
since 1929 since 1929 since 1929
Eibar Eibar Eibar
since 1929 since 1929
PROOF MARKS: SPANISH PROOF MARKS, cont. MARKS, cont.
Eibar Eibar
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