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Hnh 4.14

Cc tia sng vo gn b bin:

a)

tia sng hi tu

b)tia sng phn k


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Nhng ng vin song song y,vi nhng sng ti bnh thng i vo b, v gi s chng khng b ph v ( hnh 4.15). dc di y c xem l thoi, say< 0.05, nh th hin chap.3, nng lngsng c vn chuyn theo hng lan truyn ca sng vi tc nhm l Cg, v k hiu ca nng lng sng l E, v tc l Cg, Lc thng lng nng lng l F=ECg, Nu khng c tn tht nng lng do s ph v hoc ma st y, th iu hp l gi nh rng thng lng nng lng s khng i( hng s)

ECg= const
( ECg ) hh1 ECg hh 2

(4.47)

p dng nguyn tc ny cho nhng sng gn b, vi 2 su nc l h1 v h2, chng ta c c: (4.48)

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M nng lng sng t l vi bnh phng ca chiu cao sng ( theo cng thc 4.37). lc (4.48) tr thnh

( H12 C g ) hh1 ( H 22 C g ) hh2


H 2 H1 C g1 Cg2

(4.49)

(4.50)

Do khi chiu cao sng H1 ti su ca nc, vi h1 c bit, chiu cao sng khc vi su nc, vi h2 c th tm thy, vi cc tc nhm l Cg1 v Cg2, theo cng thc (4.21) cho chiu su nc l h1 v h2

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