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Biology (Food and Diets)

The table below shows the composition by weight of certain nutrients present in
soya beans and milk. The daily requirement of an adult for the respective nutrients
is also included.
Nutrient

Amount in 100g
soya bean (g)

Amount in 100g
milk (g)

Daily requirement
of an adult(g)

Protein

38.00

3.30

80.00

Carbohydrate

31.30

4.70

380.00

Fat

18.00

3.80

80.00

Calcium

0.06

0.12

0.80

a) If the adult took in only 1000g of soya bean a day,


1. Which nutrients shown in the table would be excess of his daily

2.

requirement? (2 marks)
..
What would be the fate of the excess nutrients in (1) in his body? (4 marks)

b) Given that the energy content of 100g of milk is 272kJ, calculate the minimum
amount of milk a baby should take per day in order to meet its daily energy
requirement of 3400kJ? (2 marks)

c) Why is milk considered an ideal food for babies? (1 mark)

d) What is the importance of calcium in the body? (1 mark)

e) State a test for the presence of protein in milk, and the result of such a test. (2
marks)