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Tutorial 2 1. Three hundreds kilograms of a mixture containing 75.0wt% ethanol and 25% water (mixture S.G. = 0.877) and a quantity of a 40.0 wt% ethanol-60% water mixture (S.G. 0.952) are blended to produce a mixture containing 60.0wt% ethanol. The objective of this problem is to determine V40, the required volume of the 40% mixture. a) Draw and label a flowchart of the mixing volume of the 40% mixture. b) Calculate V40 2. Two aqueous sulphuric acid solutions containing 20.0 wt% H 2SO4 (SG 1.139) and 60.0 wt% H2SO4 (SG=1.498) are mixed to form a 4.00 molar solution (SG=1.213). a) Calculate the mass fraction of sulphuric acid in the product solution. b) draw and label a flowchart solution). c) What feed rate of the 60% solution (L/h) would be required to produce 1250 kg/h of the product? of this process, labelling both masses and volumes, Calculate the feed ratio (litres 20% solution/litres 60%

3.

A paint mixture containing 25.0 wt% of a pigment and the balance water sells for RM 18.00/kg, and a mixture containing 12.0 wt% pigment sells for RM 10.00/kg. If a paint retailer produces a blend containing 17 wt% pigment, how much (RM/kg) should it be sold to yield a 10% profit?

4.

Wet sugar that contains one-fifth water by mass is conveyed through an evaporator in which 85 wt% of the entering water is vaporized.

**a) Taking the basis of 100 kg/ feed, calculate (i) x w, the mass fraction of
**

water in the wet sugar leaving the evaporator, and (ii) the ratio (kg H 2O vaporized/ kg wet sugar leaving the evaporator).

**b) If 1000 tons/day of wet sugar is fed to the evaporator, how much
**

additional water must be removed from the outlet sugar to dry it completely, and what annual revenue can be expected if dry sugar sells for RM 0.15/lbm?

1

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