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Published by: Pedro Ponte on May 30, 2012
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1. What are the basic phases of attack that can be used by a virus or worm in sequential order?

paralyze, probe, penetrate, persist, and propagate probe, penetrate, persist, propagate, and paralyze penetrate, persist, propagate, paralyze, and probe persist, propagate, paralyze, probe, and penetrate

2. Which two are characteristics of DoS attacks? (Choose two.) They always precede access attacks. They attempt to compromise the availability of a network, host, or application. They are difficult to conduct and are initiated only by very skilled attackers. They are commonly launched with a tool called L0phtCrack. Examples include smurf attacks and ping of death attacks.

3. Users report to the helpdesk that icons usually seen on the menu bar are randomly appearing on their computer screens. What could be a reason that computers are displaying these random graphics? An access attack has occurred. A virus has infected the computers. A DoS attack has been launched against the network. The computers are subject to a reconnaissance attack.

4. What are three types of access attacks? (Choose three.) buffer overflow ping sweep port redirection

A Trojan Horse can be hard to detect because it closes when the application that launched it closes.trust exploitation port scan Internet information query 5. A proxy Trojan Horse opens port 21 on the target system. A program writes data beyond the allocated memory to enable the execution of malicious code. Improperly formatted packets are forwarded to a target device to cause the target system to crash. What is a characteristic of a Trojan Horse? A Trojan Horse can be carried in a virus or worm. An FTP Trojan Horse stops anti-virus programs or firewalls from functioning. What occurs during a spoofing attack? One device falsifies data to gain access to privileged information. 7. Large amounts of network traffic are sent to a target device to make resources unavailable to intended users. 6. Which phase of worm mitigation requires compartmentalization and segmentation of the network to slow down or stop the worm and prevent currently infected hosts from targeting and infecting other systems? containment phase inoculation phase quarantine phase treatment phase .

A virus replicates itself by independently exploiting vulnerabilities in networks.) A virus typically requires end-user activation. A virus has an enabling vulnerability. Which two statements are characteristics of a virus? (Choose two. A ping sweep is a software application that enables the capture of all network packets sent across a LAN. A virus provides the attacker with sensitive data. such as passwords. A disgruntled employee is using Wireshark to discover administrative Telnet usernames and passwords.8. A virus can be dormant and then activate at a specific time or date. A ping sweep is a query and response protocol that identifies information about a domain. What type of network attack does this describe? Denial of Service port redirection . What is a ping sweep? A ping sweep is a network scanning technique that indicates the live hosts in a range of IP addresses. A ping sweep is a scanning technique that examines a range of TCP or UDP port numbers on a host to detect listening services. and a payload. 9. Which type of security threat can be described as software that attaches to another program to execute a specific unwanted function? virus worm proxy Trojan horse Denial of Service Trojan horse 11. 10. including the addresses assigned to that domain. a propagation mechanism.

A denial of service attack is occurring. What are the three major components of a worm attack? (Choose three. What are three goals of a port scan attack? (Choose three. Cisco Security Agent is testing the network. A network administrator detects unknown sessions involving port 21 on the network.) enabling vulnerability infecting vulnerability payload penetration mechanism probing mechanism propagation mechanism 14.) .reconnaissance trust exploitation 12. What could be causing this security breach? An FTP Trojan Horse is executing. What occurs during the persist phase of a worm attack? identification of vulnerable targets modification of system files and registry settings to ensure that the attack code is running transfer of exploit code through an attack vector extension of the attack to vulnerable neighboring targets 13. A reconnaissance attack is occurring. 15.

Which access attack method involves a software program attempting to discover a system password by using an electronic dictionary? buffer overflow attack port redirection attack Denial of Service attack brute-force attack IP spoofing attack packet sniffer attack 18 Which two network security solutions can be used to mitigate DoS attacks? (Choose two.) .535 bytes by sending a large number of ICMP requests to directed broadcast addresses from a spoofed source address on the same network by sending a large number of TCP SYN packets to a target device from a spoofed source address 17. How is a Smurf attack conducted? by sending a large number of packets. overflowing the allocated buffer memory of the target device by sending an echo request in an IP packet larger than the maximum packet size of 65.disable used ports and services determine potential vulnerabilities identify active services identify peripheral configurations identify operating systems discover system passwords 16.

A hacker gains unauthorized access to networks via wireless access points. Which characteristic best describes the network security Compliance domain as specified by the ISO/IEC? the integration of security into applications an inventory and classification scheme for information assets the restriction of access rights to networks. . removing modified files or system settings that the worm introduced. Which statement describes phone freaking? A hacker uses password-cracking programs to gain access to a computer via a dialup account. Which phase of worm mitigation involves terminating the worm process. functions. and data the process of ensuring conformance with security information policies. standards. A hacker mimics a tone using a whistle to make free long-distance calls on an analog telephone network. and regulations 21.virus scanning data encryption anti-spoofing technologies intrusion protection systems applying user authentication 19. applications. systems. and patching the vulnerability that the worm used to exploit the system? containment inoculation quarantine treatment 20.

Which three options describe the phases of worm mitigation? (Choose three. and fax machines. [Corrected by: Huy Nguyen] . bulletin board systems. NEW QUESTION Which statement accurately characterizes the evolution of network security? Internal threats can cause even greater damage than external threats. The inoculation phase disconnects. Trojan Horses. Early Internet users often engaged in activities that would harm other users. dialing each one in search of computers. Internet architects planned for network security from the beginning. Buffer overflow attacks write data beyond the allocated buffer memory to overwrite valid data or exploit systems to execute malicious code. The inoculation phase patches uninfected systems with the appropriate vendor patch for the vulnerability. or packet sniffers. removes modified files or system settings. Trust exploitation attacks can use a laptop acting as a rogue access point to capture and copy all network traffic in a public location on a wireless hotspot. The treatment phase disinfects actively infected systems. 22.) Port redirection attacks use a network adapter card in promiscuous mode to capture all network packets that are sent across a LAN. or removes infected machines. Which two statements describe access attacks? (Choose two. Port scanning attacks scan a range of TCP or UDP port numbers on a host to detect listening services. blocks. Password attacks can be implemented using brute-force attack methods. The containment phase tracks down and identifies the infected machines within the contained areas. Threats have become less sophisticated while the technical knowledge needed by an attacker has grown.) The containment phase requires the use of incoming and outgoing ACLs on routers and firewalls. The quarantine phase terminates the worm process. and patches the vulnerability the worm used to exploit the system.A hacker uses a program that automatically scans telephone numbers within a local area.

Which type of attack is this? trust exploitation buffer overflow man in the middle port redirection What is considered a valid method of securing the control plane in the Cisco NFP framework? authorization of actions DHCP snooping dynamic ARP inspection login and password policy routing protocol authentication role-based access control .An attacker is using a laptop as a rogue access point to capture all network traffic from a targeted user.

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