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Multiple-choice questions may continue on the next column or page – ﬁnd all choices before answering. McCord CH302 1pm E = E◦ − E = E◦ − RT ln Q nF E = E◦ −

1 0.0257 ln Q n

0.05916 log Q n

I ·t = moles n·F ln [A]0 [A] = kt t1/2 = t1/2 = t1/2 =

This exam is only for McCord’s MWF 1pm CH302 class.

ln 2 ak

R = 8.314 J/mol·K R = 0.08206 L atm/mol·K R = 62.36 L·torr/mol·K 1 L·atm = 101.325 J ∆G = ∆H − T ∆S ∆Tf = kf · m PA = xA · PA,pure ln P2 P1 = ∆Hvap R ∆Tb = kb · m Π = cRT 1 1 − T1 T2 1 1 − T1 T2

1 1 = kt − [A] [A]0 [A]0 − [A] = kt

1 ak[A]0 [A]0 2ak

001 10.0 points Consider ﬁve generic acids (HA, HB, HC, HD, and HE) that have the following ionization constants. Ionization Constant Ka value 3.6 × 10−3 8.3 × 10−4 2.6 × 10−6 9.3 × 10−6 7.3 × 10−7

Acid HA HB HC HD HE

K2 ln K1 k2 ln k1

∆Hrxn = R Ea = R

Which of the following anions will be the WEAKEST base? 1. C− 2. B− 3. E− 4. A− correct 5. D− Explanation: The larger the Ka , the greater the dissociation and the stronger the acid. In general, a conjugate base is opposite in strength from its parent acid strength. HA is the strongest

1 1 − T1 T2 Kw =[H+ ][OH− ]

pH = -log[H+ ]

Kw = 1.0 × 10−14 at 25◦ C [A− ] pH = pKa + log [HA] ∆G = −nF E ◦ ∆G◦ = −RT ln K

anode | solution || solution | cathode

0 points What is the concentration of OH− ions in a 0.25 × 10 −5 MW = 75 g/mol 7 2 The mole fractions are for A and for B.0 × 10−10 . yes. 108 torr 4. 4.40 M solution of KCN? The ionization constant of HCN is 4. 8 4. 6. 115 torr 9.0 points Consider two liquids A and B. Will a precipitate of BaSO3 form if 100 mL of a 4. 9 9 2 7 (225) + (90) = 175 + 20 = 195 torr 9 9 005 10. 124 torr 3. 225 torr 2. because the solubility product constant is exceeded . 1. 002 10. therefore A− is the weakest base. 1. The vapor pressure of pure A (molecular weight = 50 g/mol) is 225 torr at 25◦ C and the vapor pressure of pure B (molecular weight = 75 g/mol) is 90 torr at the same temperature. [O2 ]2 = [O2 ]1 2 Rate = k[NO]2 [O2 ] Rate2 k2 [NO]2 [O2 ]2 2 = Rate1 k1 [NO]2 [O2 ]1 1 = 1 (2 [NO]1 )2 2 [O2 ]1 4 = =2 2 [O ] 2 [NO]1 2 1 2 Explanation: 5.0 × 10−3 molar solution of Na2 SO3 ? 1. 195 torr correct 6. 1 Explanation: 1 [NO]2 = 2 [NO]1 . 135 torr 5. We carry out two experiments involving this reaction at the same temperature. 2 correct 2.16 × 10−3 correct 3. P 0 = 90 torr MW = 50 g/mol 003 10. 4 3.26 × 10−5 4. What is the total vapor pressure at 25◦ C of a solution that is 70% A and 30% B by weight? 1. 1.0 × 10−4 molar solution of BaCl2 is added to 100 mL of a 3. 76 torr 8. The initial rate in the second experiment will be how many times that of the ﬁrst? 1. P 0 = 255 torr For B. 335 torr Explanation: For A.0 × 10−7 .08 × 10−12 2. but in the second experiment the initial concentration of NO is doubled while the initial concentration of O2 is halved.0 points The solubility product constant of barium sulﬁte (BaSO3 ) is 8.Version 056 – Final – Mccord – (52450) acid listed (largest Ka ). 3. 203 torr 7.60 × 10−10 004 10.0 points We know that the rate expression for the reaction 2 NO + O2 → 2 NO2 at a certain temperature is Rate = k [NO]2 [O2 ].

23.86◦ C/m 1. correct 2. 52.0 9. 49.939066 m × 100% = 49% = 1. diﬀerences in the chemical potential energy of the reactants.91646 m − x + x + x = 1.. the current.939066 m x × 100% mini 0.85553 m x = 0.0 3.91646 − x M+ + X− 0 0 x x x x Total molality = 1. because the solubility product constant is not exceeded 3. 48.0 10. yes.0 7.0 points The energy (voltage) available in a galvanic cell depends upon the . because the solubility product constant is not exceeded correct 4.0 6. whereas the current depends upon the 1. no.91646 m % ionization = 007 10. i. 35. What is the percent ionization for this substance in this solution? Kf = 1.31128◦C. m 1. the physical size does aﬀect how many electrons are ﬂowing in a given time. Explanation: The chemical potential energy of the two half reactions (reduction and oxidation) set the overall potential energy or voltage of the cell and are not aﬀected by the physical size of the electrodes. Explanation: Tf = −5.91646 m + x meﬀ = 1. however.0 5. Neither of these. Assume that the electrolyte is a simple 1:1 ratio. because the solubility product constant is exceeded Explanation: 006 10. 008 10. 45. size of the cell.86◦C/m for water.56 mol MX 0. 41. 3.0◦ C − (−5. The freezing point of the solution is −5.31128◦ C = = 2.85553 m = Kf 1.0 points 1. 1. m 1.56 moles of a weak electrolyte is dissolved into 814 grams of water.0 Correct answer: 49%. voltage and current are inter-related and depend upon the details of the redox reaction as well as the cell design.31128◦ C ∆Tf = Kf · meﬀ ∆Tf 5. 39.Version 056 – Final – Mccord – (52450) 2. size of the cell.91646 m + x = 2. no.31128◦ C) = 5. 25. diﬀerences in the chemical potential energy of the reactants.0 4.91646 ∆. m −x ﬁn.814 kg water = 1.56 mol ◦ 3 ⇀ MX ↽ ini.0 points Tf0 ∆Tf = Tf0 − Tf = 0.31128◦ C mH2 O = 814 g Kf = 1.e.91646 m meﬀ initial molality of solution = Consider the reaction mechanism below: .0 2. 32.86◦ C/m =0 C n = 1.0 8.

−250 kJ. for the reaction in the direction written? 1. 350 kJ 400 Energy (kJ) 300 Ea 50 2.175 m 3. 009 10. Cl 3. if the observed boiling temperature of the solution is 100. 0.361◦ C? (Kb = 0.0 points The graph describes the energy proﬁle of a reaction.0 points How many seconds are required to produce 4.Version 056 – Final – Mccord – (52450) Step 1 2 3 overall Reaction Cl2 + Pt −→ 2 Cl + Pt Cl + CO + Pt −→ ClCO + Pt Cl + ClCO −→ Cl2 CO Cl2 + CO −→ Cl2 CO 5.701 m 4. Pt.700971 m = Kb 0.361◦ C mtotal = = 0. Cl 5. ClCO 010 10. 0.94 mg of chromium metal from an acidic solution of potassium dichromate. −250 kJ.361◦ C − 100◦ C = 0.361◦ C 50 A Time What are the values for ∆H and Ea . 250 kJ. 100 kJ 4. Pt Explanation: Both Cl and ClO are produced in early steps and stiochiometrically consumed in subsequent steps and neither appear in the overall reaction.186 m 5.515◦ C/m for water.350 m correct 2. 400 Energy (kJ) 300 B ∆H = 300 kJ − 50 kJ = 250 kJ Ea = 400 kJ − 50 kJ = 350 kJ A Time ∆H B 4 Explanation: Which species is/are intermediates? 1.372 m Explanation: Tf = 100◦ C Tf0 = 100. 0. respectively. 350 kJ correct 2. 250 kJ. ClCO correct 6.515◦C/m mtotal = mNa + mCl− . 0. a strong electrolyte in water.) 1. so 1 mN aCl = mtotal = 0.0 points What is the molal concentration m of NaCl. Pt. ClCO 4. −250 kJ. using a current of 0.361◦ C ∆T = Kb m ∆T 0.350485 m 2 011 10. 0. 100 kJ 3. Cl. −100 kJ ∆T = 100.234 A? .

so 92% of the N2 remains: [N2 ] = (0. 5.2 mol N2 and 0. 5.00707692 mol This can be set equal to the term for the ﬁnal concentration of N2 (g) in the table: 0.000615385 mol/L = 0.87 9. 7.00 L solution. What is the pH of the solution? (Ka = 1.00769231 − x = 0. 0.444 8. 8% of the nitrogen gas had reacted. 1344.00 mol NaC2 H3 O2 in enough water to make 1.00707692 mol/L [H2 ] = 0. 157 s Explanation: I * t / n * F = moles moles = 0.Version 056 – Final – Mccord – (52450) 1.0 0.74 10. 44. 385.74 3.234 = 235 s 012 10.00769231 − 3 x +2 x At equilibrium. 274 s 3. 4.92) (0.44 5.5×10−5 mol Cr n = 6 because the Cr is in the +6 ox state in dichromate.50 mol HC2 H3 O2 and 1.00769231 mol/L − 3 (0.27. 240.00769231 − x 0. 1071.000615385 mol/L At equilibrium.00769231 0 ∆ −x −3 x +2 x ﬁn 0.00769231 mol/L − 0.000615385 mol/L) = 0. 189.24 Explanation: [C2 H3 O− ] = 1.2 mol H2 was introduced into a 26 L reactor and heated.8 × 10−5 .27 Correct answer: 1071. Cr2 O2− .04576 10. 1567.658 5. 78 s 2.5726 7.04 correct 4.76 4.5 × 10−5 (96485)(6)/0.) 1. 5 A reaction mixture that consisted of 0.239 3.00769231. 4. At equilibrium.50 M [CH3 COO− ] [CH3 COOH] 1.5 N2 (g) + 3 H2(g) ⇀ 2 NH3(g) ↽ at this temperature? 1. 4429.0 points 013 .00707692 x = 0.00584615 mol/L = − log(1. What is the value of the equilibrium constant Kc for the reaction Explanation: Initially.00769231 mol/L) = 0. ⇀ 2 NH3(g N2 (g) + 3 H2 (g) ↽ ini 0. [N2 ] = [H2 ] = 26 L Analyzing the reaction using concentrations. 118 s 4.00 2. 7 9.75 2.0 points A buﬀer solution is prepared by dissolving 0. 1128. 235 s correct 6. 8% of the N2 had reacted.2 mol = 0. [N2 ] = 0.981 6.00 M 2 Ka = 1.00769231 0.8 × 10−5 pH = pKa + log [HC2 H3 O2 ] = 0.8 × 10−5 ) + log = 5. 213.00494/52 = 9. 196 s 5.

361 M 2.00123077 mol/L)2 = (0. 0. 7356.0 points A solution prepared by adding 0. What is the molar mass of the polymer? 1. all of the water will be in the salt solution.0 points You place two beakers into an evacuated chamber.Version 056 – Final – Mccord – (52450) [NH3 ] = 2 × 0.6 6. 15782.543 Torr at 19◦ C.3 7. 39850. a common solvent) showed an osmotic pressure of 0. 0.0 M sugar solution. Explanation: Both liquids will evaporate and condense from each beaker. 3.000615385 mol/L = 0.7 .00584615 mol/L)3 = 1071. 0. 4.97 5.68 [A]t = 0.103 M−1 · min−1 ) (60 min) = 8.308 M Explanation: 1 1 − = akt [A]t [A]0 1 1 = + akt [A]t [A]0 1 = + 0. 1. 015 10. 0.1 M solution of NaCl in water and the other has 100 mL of a 1. The chamber will come to equilibrium when the two beakers have the same concentration (same vapor pressure). 11390. 24169.27 6 What will be the concentration of A after 1 hour if the reaction started with a concentration of 0.384 M Kc = 014 10.00123077 mol/L The expression for the equilibrium constant Kc is [NH3 ]2 [N2 ] [H2]3 (0.400 M ? 1.2 4.4 L of toluene (methylbenzene. 25592.2 10. When the system comes to equilibrium. A→B k = 0.152 M 7.400 (0. 22284. the beaker with the sugar solution will have a larger volume. 0. 42825.28 × 10−4 M 8. 8. 5.115 M 016 10.6 8. 0. 5626. 0.0 points Consider the following reaction and its rate constant.49 g of a polymer to 0.3 3.115 M correct 5.7 2.0843 M 4. One beaker has 100 mL of a 0. The salt solution will become more concentrated (lower volume) and the sugar solution will become less concentrated (higher volume).5 9.00707692) (0. the beaker with the salt solution will have a larger volume. 41083. correct 2.103 M −1 · min−1 6. the two beakers will have identical volumes.236 M 3. all of the water will be in the sugar solution.

−137 kJ/mol 3. −850 kJ/mol Explanation: ∆Hsoln = ∆Hhyd − ∆Hcryst ∆Hsoln = −345 − (−505) ∆Hsoln = +160 kJ/mol 018 10.0 points A certain reaction has a Kc = 9. What fraction of a sample of cyclobutane would be left after 685 seconds at this temperature? 1. the half-life for this reaction is 137 seconds.4657 [cyclobutane]t = 32 [cyclobutane]t 1 = = 0.125 2.4657 [cyclobutane]0 = e3. 0. 0.4 L ◦ T = 19 C + 273 = 292 K P = 0. and Π = iRT M V MWx iRT 1 = = M m P iRT m MWx = PV L·atm 1 (0.0 at 35◦ C. At a certain temperature. 0. The mixture is at equilibrium.5 M. 017 10.0 points 7 The decomposition of cyclobutane is a ﬁrstorder reaction. so i = 1.08206 K · mol We assume the polymer to be a non electrolyte. 3. +160 kJ/mol correct 4. Which of the following is true of the mixture? 1. +139 kJ/mol 7.0312 correct 3. +148 kJ/mol 2. correct . A(g) + B(g) ⇀ 2 C(g) ↽ We have a mixture in which [A] = 2 M. 0. 0.2 g/mol.0625 Explanation: t1/2 = 137 s a=1 ln 2 t1/2 t = 685 s k= ln ln 2 [cyclobutane]0 = akt = at [cyclobutane]t t1/2 (685 s) ln 2 = 137 s = 3.49 g) = (0.543 Torr L · atm R = 0. and [C] = 1. −160 kJ/mol 5.03125 [cyclobutane]0 32 019 10. More A and B will be formed to achieve equilibrium.2 g/mol . 2.Version 056 – Final – Mccord – (52450) Correct answer: 41083.0 points The lattice energy for MX is −505 kJ/mol and it’s heat of hydration is −345 kJ/mol.08206 K·mol ) (292 K) (0.543 Torr) (0. What is the heat of solution for MX? 1.25 4. −153 kJ/mol 6. Explanation: m = 0.4 L) 760 Torr × 1 atm = 41083.49 g V = 0. The reaction will go to the right.0156 5. [B] = 4 M.

09 × 10−6 M correct 2.28 [A] [B] (2 M) (4 M) < Kc = 9. K is the ratio of the partial equilibrium pressures of the products to the partial equilibrium pressures of the reactants. 3.37 correct 5. making it the strongest oxidizing agent.560 V Fe2+ + 2 e− → Fe E 0 = −0.136 V Of the species listed.Version 056 – Final – Mccord – (52450) 4.0 [B] = 4 M [A] = 2 M [C] = 1. the strongest oxidizing agent is 1.01 3.5 M)2 = = 0.100 M NH3 solution is titrated to the equivalence point with 50 ml of 0. 1. Sn 4. Since Sn2+ has the biggest E0 . 1. As E0 increases. 7. Mn 8 Q= [C]2 (1. Ka = 4. K = correct 4.00 2 PNO PO2 2 PNO2 4. What is the ﬁnal [H3 O+ ]? The ionization constant of NH3 is 1. 1. equilibrium will shift to the right. 2.409 V 2+ − Sn + 2 e → Sn E 0 = −0. 021 10.10 × 10−3 M 3.61 × 10−6 M Explanation: 5.200 M HCl.0 Therefore. Sn2+ correct . 020 10. Mn2+ 3.029 V 3+ − Ga + 3 e → Ga E 0 = −0.0 points Consider the half-reactions Mn2+ + 2 e− → Mn E 0 = −1.88 M HNO2 (aq) with 0.86 2. K = 2 PNO PO2 3. the easier it is for the species to be reduced. it is reduced the easiest.0 points Write the equilibrium expression for the reaction 2 NO(g) + O2 (g) ⇀ 2 NO2 (g) ↽ 1.0 points What is the pH at the half-stoichiometric point for the titration of 0. 3. Explanation: Kc = 9.70 × 10−11 M 5. The reaction will go to the left.3 × 10−4 . K = 2 PNO PO2 2 PNO2 PNO 2. K = PNO2 2 PNO PO2 Explanation: Since this is a gas phase reaction. 8. Ga+3 5.8 × 10−5 . K = PNO2 PO2 2 PNO2 Explanation: Oxidizing agents get reduced. 1. 1. 6.5 M 2. 1. 022 10.0 points A 100 ml sample of 0.71 Explanation: 023 10.10 M KOH(aq)? For HNO2 .00 × 10−7 M 4.

067 − x x = [H ] = = + Ka × 0. methanol (CH3 OH) 10.0 points Which of the following alcohols would be the least miscible with water? 1.0 points Assumption: Kw 10−14 = 5. and is able to prevent large changes of pH.5 × 10−11 M 3. The equilibrium is shifted to the right.8 × 10−5 Ka 9 025 10. for NH3 . (0. 3.067 M 150 mL Equilibria re-established: [NH+ ] = 4 ⇀ NH3 + H+ NH+ ↽ 4 0. The equilibrium is shifted to the left. propanol (CH3 CH2 CH2 OH) 3.2 M Initially. 1.1 M [HCl] = 0. Increasing the pressure will have what eﬀect on the equilibrium? 1.56 × 10−10 = Kb 1. 2.0 points Which of the following statements describe a buﬀered solution? 1. The pH of the buﬀer is determined by its composition.56 × 10−10 )(0. a solution that resists pH change correct 4.3 × 10−17 M Explanation: The equation for Ksp = (2x)2(3x)3 = 108x5 1/5 1. 6. 027 10. a solution containing a weak acid 2. . What is its molar solubility at this temperature? 1. 3.08 × 10−33 x= = 1 × 10−7 M 108 026 The reaction N2 O4 (g) ⇀ 2 NO2 (g) ↽ is at equilibrium. The equilibrium remains unchanged. a solution containing a conjugate base 3. (0.2 M)(50 mL) = 10 mmol Neutralization: NH3 + HCl → NH4 Cl ini 10 mmol 10 mmol ∆ −10 mmol −10 mmol 10 mmol ﬁn 0 mmol 0 mmol 10 mmol 10 mmol = 0.067) = 6.0 × 10−7 M correct 4.067 − x x x Kw = 10−14 Ka = Kb = 1. pentanol (CH3 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 OH) 2.1 M)(100 mL) = 10 mmol for HCl.5 × 10−9 M 2.0 points The Ksp of Cd3 (PO4 )2 at 18 o C is 1.8 × 10−5 x2 Ka = 0.08 × 10−33 .Version 056 – Final – Mccord – (52450) [NH3] = 0.09 × 10−6 024 10. 2.067 (5. a solution with pH = 7 Explanation: A buﬀer contains comparative amounts of a weak acid and its conjugate base or a weak base and its conjugate acid. correct Explanation: Increasing pressure shifts the equilibrium in the direction that produces fewer molecules of gas.067 M − − 0.

8.0 × 10−5 M . 317 g of water at 3. hexanol (CH3CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 OH) correct 5.0 × 10−4 5.0 L) [I2 ] = (10. What is the phase composition and temperature when equilibrium is reestablished? 1.79377 mol 5. ethanol (CH3 CH2 OH) Explanation: The polar OH group is miscible with water but as the nonpolar hydrocarbon chain lengthens.Version 056 – Final – Mccord – (52450) 4.74221 mol 3. solubility decreases.16147 mol correct 030 10. 5.0 liter vessel. 31.0 L) 0. 3.8◦ C 4.32294 mol 4. 4.04 − 2x √ = 58 x √ 3.04 − 2x)2 = 58 x2 3.4 [HI]ini = = 3.0 points What is the molar solubility of Zn(OH)2 in a solution buﬀered at pH of 8.0? (Zn(OH)2 . how many moles of I2 are present at equilibrium? 1.316147 Explanation: Kc = 58 nI2 = (10.0 × 10−17 ) 1.6147 mol Vvessel = 10. M x x 3.4 mol nHI = 30. A total of 17 g of steam at 110◦ C is admitted to the system.0 × 10−5 correct Explanation: pH=8 means that pOH=6 and [OH− ]=10−6 Ksp = [Zn2+ ][OH− ]2 (solve for Zn2+ ) [Zn2+ ] = 3.04 − 2x Kc = [HI]2 = 58 [H2 ] [I2] (3. 2.4 mol of HI are introduced into a 10. ↽ If 30. 028 10.04 − 2 x = 58 x x = 0. 304 g of water and 13 g of ice at 0◦ C correct 2. 3. 6. 1. 317 g of water at 15. 300 g of water and 17 g of ice at 0◦ C 3. 3.0 × 10−6 2.0 L 30.04 ∆.0 points Kc = 58 at some temperature for the reaction H2 (g) + I2 (g) ⇀ 2 HI(g) .0 points Consider an insulated system containing 150 g of liquid water and 150 g of ice at equilibrium under atmospheric pressure.0 × 10−9 4.58074 mol 2. M 0 0 3.0 × 10−17 /(10−6)2 [Zn2+ ] = 3.04 M 10 L H2 (g) + I2 (g) ⇀ 2 HI (g) ↽ ini.316147 = 3. M x x −2x eq. 4. 317 g of water at 6. 310 g of water and 7 g of ice at 0◦ C Explanation: 029 10.0 × 10−6 3.2 C ◦ 10 6.3◦ C 6. Ksp = 3.16147 mol mol L 5.

2 × 10−19 correct 3.210 V Fe2+ + 2 e − → Fe 1. Which one cannot aﬀect this rate? 1. and [SO2− ] = 0.00 4.6 × 10−13 correct 2. 6. 1.591 V correct E 0 = −0.03 033 10.4×10−4 mol/L. temperature 4. 4. 9.0 points Calculate the potential for the cell indicated: Fe | Fe2+ (10−2 M) || Cu+ (10−2 M) | Cu Cu+ + e − → Cu E 0 = +0.7 × 10−19 4.20 4 4 M. 11.650 V 2.6 × 10−17 3. 5. particle size of solid reactants 3. 4.4 × 10−11 4. Other factors which increase reaction rates are increased temperature.96 × 10−5 M.05 M acetic acid is 9. 1.20 M solution of Cu(NH3 )4 SO4 contains [Cu+2 ] = 9. 1. What is of the pH of the solution? 1.4 × 10−14 2. 8.00 Explanation: By deﬁnition.45 2. 8.20 M. 2.2 × 10−25 7.0 × 10−20 6.0 points A 0.97 5. = −log 9. the forward reaction can occur.2 × 10−4 M. 0. the faster the reaction can proceed. 035 10. [NH3 ] = 3. 3. 0. 3.30 3. presence of a catalyst Explanation: As long as reactants are present. [Cu(NH3 )2+ ] = 0.4 × 10−4 = 3.440 V 032 10. 3.7 × 10−13 Explanation: 5. 3. 0. the higher the reactant concentration. concentration of reactants 2.709 V .1 × 10−20 5.0 points The hydronium ion concentration of 0.03 correct 7.9 × 10−18 Explanation: 11 034 10. What is the dissociation constant for the Cu(NH3 )2+ complex ion? 4 1.0 points Four of the following factors can aﬀect the forward rate of a chemical reaction.0 points A saturated solution of BiI3(s) is found to have an I− concentration of 3. removal of some of the products correct 5.12 6. What is the value of Ksp for BiI3 ? 1. 1. 4. pH = −log [hydrogen ion molarity].7 × 10−3 M. increase in surface area of solid reactants and the presence of a catalyst. None of the other answers is correct 3.Version 056 – Final – Mccord – (52450) 031 10.

131 volts.662 8. CO2− . 1.000 V Explanation: The overall reaction is Fe + 2Cu+ → Fe2+ + 2Cu Please notice that since the concentrations are not 1 M. 1. HCO3 −. 1. 1. the Nernst equation must be used. Na+ . 4 3 2.65 V − 2 [Cu+ ]2 10−2 0. Na+ . H2 CO3 .0 points The titration curve for the titration of 0. What is the standard potential (E 0) for the battery? 1. and ClO− . So ﬁrst calculate 0 Ecell 12 What are the main species in the solution after the addition of 35 mL of HClO4 ? 1.401 Correct answer: 1.532 2.Version 056 – Final – Mccord – (52450) 4. and ClO− .210 V − (−0.05916 log = 0. HCO− . 1. 0. Explanation: . HCO− . H2 CO3 .313 5. 1. 1. The standard Gibbs free energy change for the given reaction is −655 kJ. 4 3 5.696 10. The answer cannot be determined without additional information. Na+ .05916 = − log Q n [Fe2+ ] 0.440) V = 0.620 V 5. cor4 3 rect Explanation: 037 A reaction 3 A2+ + 2 B → 3 A + 2 B3+ is used to make a battery. and ClO− . 14 12 10 8 pH 6 4 2 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Volume of acid (mL) 3. True 10.65 V − 2 10−4 = 0. the anode is located on the left of the salt bridge || and the cathode on the right. 4 3 4.131 6. and ClO− .0 points = Ecathode − = +0.47 3.107 4. and ClO− . 1.5 M Na2 CO3 (aq) with 0.59084 V 0 Ecell 0 Eanode Using the Nernst Equation Ecell 036 10. 0. In this cell notation. CO2− .0 points A solution with a higher pH is more acidic. 4 3. Explanation: 038 10.5 M HClO4 (aq) is given below.05916 log = 0.363 7.65 V 0. Na+ . 1. 1. False correct 2. Na+ . 1.054 9.

15 = 310.0 points The phase diagram for a pure substance is given below. and all blue for pH 8. Assume the enthalpy of vaporization of water is independent of temperature. 2. 1. . 5. The vapor in the container escapes. 713 torr 3. 4. The solid in the container sublimes. green 3.1 given is on the basic side of the middle so it would have a blue-green color. 039 10. blue-green correct 13 Explanation: The pKa is 7. The pH 8. NH2 OH 4.60 and lower. pH decreases. Describe what happens if the container is opened at 25◦ C. NH3 3. 300 Pressure. K 400 Solid 041 10. blue 2. atm 250 200 150 100 50 Vapor 100 200 300 Temperature.0 points An indicator changes from yellow to blue going from its acidic (nonionized) form to its basic (ionized) form.0 points The vapor pressure of water at 37◦ C is 47.15 = 360. yellow 042 10.15 K T2 = 87◦ C + 273. The indicator has a Ka of 2. 503 torr correct 4. 3. OH− 5.0 kJ · mol−1 P1 = 47. NH+ 4 2. this indicator’s color would best be discribed as which color? 1. 1. The liquid in the container vaporizes. Estimate the vapor pressure of water at 87◦ C.5 × 10−8 .15 K ◦ ∆Hvap = 44.60 so that is where you would see green (50/50 blend of yellow and blue). 52 torr Explanation: T1 = 37◦ C + 273.1.0 points What is the conjugate base of ammonia? 1.1 torr Using the Clausius-Clapeyron equation. correct Explanation: 040 10. The liquid in the container freezes. The solid in the container melts.0 kJ·mol−1. 256 torr 5. NH− correct 2 Explanation: Liquid 4. You would see all yellow for pH 6.60 and above. 112 torr 2. The substance is stored in a container at 150 atm at 25◦ C. yellow-green 5.1 torr and its enthalpy of vaporization is 44. At pH 8. so as [H3 O] increases.Version 056 – Final – Mccord – (52450) pH = − log [H3 O+ ].

36896 = (47. pOH = −log[OH− ] 8.31 × 10−11 M 3. 4.20? 1.58 × 10−4 M 5. 4.36896 14 ln = [Ba(OH)2] = 0. at either.15 × 10−7 M 046 10.323 torr 043 10. Calculate the equilibrium constant for this reaction at 525◦ C.0 points What is the molarity of 555 L of a Ba(OH)2 solution if the pH is 10.Version 056 – Final – Mccord – (52450) P2 P1 ◦ ∆Hvap 1 1 − R T1 T2 44 kJ · mol−1 1000 J = · −1 · K−1 8.0 points Consider the reaction 2 Fe2 O3 (s) + 3 C(s) → 4 Fe(s) + 3 CO2 (g) .36896 P1 P2 = P1 e2. 5. 3. in the electrolyte. at the cathode.92 × 10−5 M correct 2.15 K 360. 5.8 [OH− ] = 0. 1. 8. at the anode.1 torr) e2. 1.2 = 3.07 × 10−2 correct M 7.40 × 10 −2 1. 3. depending on whether the cell is electrochemical or electrolytic. 3. 5.314 J/mol 1 kJ 1 1 × − 310.18 × 10−2 2. correct Explanation: 045 10. 1. 044 Oxidation occurs 10. 7.2 VBa(OH)2 = 555 L First we need to calculate the concentration of OH− : pOH = 14 − pH = 14 − 10.9 × 106 4. 2.000158489 M OH− The Ba(OH)2 delivers 2 hydroxides for every 1 Ba(OH)2 so the concentration of the Ba(OH)2 is 1/2 the overall hydroxide concentration.0 points P2 = e2.15 × 10−11 M 6.000158489/2 = 7. 2.26 × 10−5 M 4. 2 N2O5 (g) → 4 NO2 (g) + O2 (g) . ∆S ◦ = 558 J · K−1 .0 points The rate of formation of oxygen in the following reaction is 2. ∆H ◦ = 462 kJ.15 K = 2.20 × 10−7 Explanation: 5.14 × 10−4 M Explanation: pH = 10.92447 × 10−5 M Note that the volume of 555 L is just some extra information not needed in the calculation. 2. 6. 3.04 × 10−3 3.36896 = 503. at both anode and cathode.28 M/s.

0 mol of HI(g). 0 and 2.2 = 1. 1.429 M 8.50 10 − 2 10 x x = 0. ⇀ H2 (g) + I2 (g) 2 HI ↽ ini.5 M 2L [H2 ] [I2 ] Q= [HI]2 (0.260 M 5.2 correct 3. 10.0 points 15 of H2 (g).5 − 2x 0. 4. 1.5) = (0.240 M 2.50 − 2x √ √ 0. 0.12 M/s correct 5. 0. There is no need to calculate the ﬁnal concentrations.5) (0.5 + x 0.145 M 6. 0.8 Explanation: The general reaction that takes place is: BH+ + OH− ↔ B + H2 O Initial amounts of each species are 3. 2. M 0.57 × 10 pOH = 4.8 pH = 9. 9.5 + x = 0. 0.28 M/s Explanation: The NO2 forms at 4× the rate of the O2 .26 and 2. For a buﬀer composed of a weak base and its conjugate acid. 11.94.Version 056 – Final – Mccord – (52450) What is the rate of formation of NO2 ? 1.5 0. 1.56 M/s 3.3 M NH3 and 3.5 M 2L 1 mol = 0.56 moles respectively.8 4. what would be the pH of the resulting solution? The Kb of NH3 is 1. 2.50 − 2x)2 √ 0. and 1 mol of I2 (g) in a 2.295 M 4.8 × 10−5 (2. compute the equilibrium concentration of HI.5 M [H2 ]ini = 2L 1 mol [I2 ]ini = = 0. 0.5 0.205 M correct 7.5)2 = 1 < Kc = 10 Therefore equilibrium moves to the right. 0.5 + x = 10 0.5 ∆.0 5.102 M Explanation: 1 mol [HI]ini = = 0.8 × 10−5 .5 + x (0. 0.148 If one added 130 mL of 2 M NaOH to 1 L of a buﬀer composed of 2.94 moles) −5 048 10.0 mol .56 moles/2.14 M/s 2.2. 0. 047 10. 0.071 M 3.0 liter reaction vessel and the following equilibrium is established: 2 HI(g) ⇀ H2 (g) + I2 (g) ↽ If Kc = 10 for this reaction at the temperature of the equilibrium mixture.50 + x) = 10 (0. [OH− ] = Kb (Cb /Ca ) = 1.2 2.57 M/s 4. 4. 9. 0.50 + x) (0.2 M NH4 Cl. M −2x x x eq. 1. the equilibrium amounts are 2. After the reaction goes to completion. M 0.3 moles respectively.0 points Suppose we put 1.

195.3 correct 5. Explanation: T1 = 300 K k2 = 3 k1 k2 ln k1 T2 = 310 K = Ea R 1 1 − T1 T2 051 10.7 to 9. 4.0 points What is the activation energy for a reaction if its rate constant is found to triple when the temperature is raised from 300 K to 310 K? 1. +1.300 J/mol 3. −0. For pyridine.400 J/mol 5. A B G E C D rxn progress At point B on this ﬁgure. 418. Cannot be determined 3.900 J/mol correct 2.0 points ◦ What is the Ecell of Zn(s) | Zn2+ (aq) || Ce4+ (aq) | Ce3+ (aq) Zn2+ + 2 e− → Zn Ce4+ + e− → Ce3+ 1. 10.37 4. what is the relationship of Q to K? 1. 9.4 to 3. −2. Q = K 4.3 to 12. 7. 84. the value of Kb is 1. Note also .61 Explanation: 16 ◦ Ered = −0. Q < K correct 2. 20. 1.85 5. +0.61 k2 R ln k1 Ea = 1 1 + T1 T2 The rate constant tripled.5 − 2 x = 0.205 M 049 10.Version 056 – Final – Mccord – (52450) Explanation: [HI] = 0.7 052 10.37 correct 2. so Q is less than K.76 ◦ Ered = +1.600 J/mol 4.1 3. 1.3 to 6.1 to 11.0 points Choose the eﬀective pH range of a pyridinepyridinium chloride buﬀer. Q > K Explanation: Point B is on the reactants-heavy side of equilibrium.85 3. so k2 = 3 k1 : (8.8 × 10−9 . +2.3 2. No other choice is within 3 percent.4 4.314 J/mol · K) ln 3 Ea = 1 1 − 300 K 310 K = 84944 J/mol 050 10.0 points The following ﬁgure represents the progress of a given reaction at 298 K.

17 . Spontaneous in a forward direction corresponds to Q being less than K.Version 056 – Final – Mccord – (52450) that dG (slope) is negative here which means the reaction would be spontaneous in the forward direction.

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