Pak Us Relation Ppt | Zulfikar Ali Bhutto | Pakistan

Timeline of US PAK relations

US PAK relations

United States of America remains one of the first countries to have established diplomatic ties with Pakistan. Although the relationship dates back to October 20, 1947, it can be extrapolated that the relations have been based strictly on military and economic support.

US PAK relations Pre 9/11: 1950-1953   Pakistan’s first prime minister. It is alleged that during PM Khan’s first visit to US. strictly to keep an eye on the activities of Soviet Union . Liaquat Ali Khan visited United States to meet president Harry S Truman. president Truman requested Pakistan’s premier to let the CIA formulate a base in Pakistan.

President Dwight Eisenhower requested prime minister Suhrawardy to lease Peshawar Air Station to the American Army for keeping an eye on soviet Union and its ballistic missile program. . Establishment of a Military Assistance Advisory Group (Maag) in Rawalpindi. Pakistan signed Mutual Defense Assistance Agreement with the United States in May. In 1956.   In 1954.

half a billion dollars of which were lost in 1965’s Indo-Pakistan war. the pro-American sentiments in Western side of Pakistan were at an all time high. Ayub Khan allowed United States to fly spy mission to Soviet Union from Pakistan’s territory.1960s    During the decade. . United States increased the amount of aid Pakistan was designated to receive from the consortium of Pakistan.

Although Bhutto was considered a socialist. which went in Pakistan’s favour. US is speculated to have provided Pakistan with arms and military aid. in order to discourage India from penetrating further into the cities of Pakistan. . Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was elected as the president of Pakistan and later on became the prime minister in 1974. he was a close and respected friend of president Nixon.1971-1974    During 1971’s war.

an anti-socialist.1976-1979:   President Jimmy Carter. won the presidential election of US and announced to seek a ban on nuclear weapons. President Carter and his administration allegedly threatened Bhutto to disrupt the process of atomic proliferation and research .

Congress adopted Pressler amendment . United States granted billions of dollars to Pakistan in the name of military and economical aid. 1981. Pakistan was discussing a $3.2-billion aid package with United States and in 1987 Pakistan became the second largest recipient of aid after Israel.1979-1988:    During Zia ul Haq’s regime. Pakistan and United States enjoyed a warm and congenial relationship.

however. imposed sanctions on Pakistan. US under the Pressler amendment. US and Pakistan relations plummeted further when US ambassador Nicholas Platt. Benazir Bhutto visited United States and requested president Bill Clinton to lift the embargoes on Pakistan and launch a joint operation to eradicate militancy from the region. 1995.    In 1990. $368 million of military equipment purchased but not received by Pakistan before the imposition of Pressler amendment sanctions in 1990. In 1992. was passed. the sanctions on arms were not lifted. warned Pakistan. as the country by then had lost its strategic importance in soviet war. .

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such as the IMF and World Bank.    In 1998. Later in the year President Clinton exercised his waiver on lifting restrictions on the activities of US banks in Pakistan. US bank loans to the governments of India and Pakistan. US lifted the sanctions on both the countries for purchasing agricultural products from US farmers. including economic development assistance. and exports of dual-use nuclear or missile items. in July of 1998. loans from international financial institutions. . President Clinton imposed sanctions under Glenn amendment on India as well as Pakistan. Glenn amendment included suspension of aid. Prime minister Nawaz Sharif conducted nuclear test in Balochistan. in retaliation to similar tests conducted by India. credits and credit guarantees by the US government.

previously imposed on Pakistan under Pressler and Glenn amendments. Pakistan became one of the most important strategic allies for United States.Pak US relations after 9/11    In 2001. A bill to lift all the sanctions. President Pervez Musharraf confessed that the country had no option but to support United States as it had threatened Pakistan of “bombing it into stone age” if it did not join the fight against al Qaeda. after the 9/11 attacks and US’s invasion in various countries to eradicate militancy. .

Since 2004. US army has launched various drone strikes on the north-western side of the country. for strengthening its defense against India. 2007. A report was issued in which Pakistan was accused of using aid money provided by US to Pakistan for its cooperation on war on terror. United States officially forgave $1 billion worth of loan it had granted to Pakistan in a goodwill gesture and appreciation for Pakistan’s cooperation. 2004.     2003. Large civilian deaths and caused much opposition from Pakistanis. President George Bush officially declared Pakistan as a non-Nato ally granting it the authority to purchase strategic and advanced military equipments. .

was passed in the October of 2009.    In the June of 2008. . President Musharraf confessed that the billions of dollars of aid that Pakistan received from United States were diverted and channeled in order to build better defense mechanism against India. The famous Kerry-Lugar Bill. along with eight Taliban. an air strike by the US Army killed 11 paramilitary soldiers of Pakistan Army Frontier Corps. 2009. which invited much controversy and criticism. The strike and deaths instigated a fierce reaction from Pakistani command calling the act to have shaken the foundations of mutual trust and cooperation.

a CIA agent in Pakistan killed two Pakistani men in Lahore. . Raymond Davis. a famous Taliban commander. Pakistan Army in a joint operation with US intelligence agencies captured Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar. In the May of 2011. In the beginning of 2011. from the tribal belt of Pakistan.    In 2010. Osama bin Laden was killed in an operation conducted by US Navy Seals in Abbottabad Pakistani government ordered US army to evacuate Salala air base which was being used to launch offensive on Taliban and militants and also halted Nato supplies for United Sates. claiming that they came to rob him.

President Zardari arrived in Washington on May 19 to attend the NATO summit in Chicago. . US lawmakers in the House of Representatives debating the National Defence Authorization Act voted 412-1 for an amendment that could block up to $650 million in proposed payments to Pakistan unless Islamabad lets coalition forces resume shipment of war supplies across its territory. On May 18. both the countries were unable to strike a conclusive deal on the restoration of NATO supplies as the summit ended. However.   Since the beginning of 2012. met and held discussions on restoring Nato supplies. various political parties along with the military command of the country.

it has risen steadily since 2001.Highlights Of the US aid to PAK        US economic assistance to Pakistan peaked in 1962. at over $2. the US has sent more than £30bn in direct aid to the country. since 1948.5bn . .2bn in coalition support funds US assistance to Pakistan reached its lowest level in the 1990s. military assistance to Pakistan totaled $2. after President George H. President Carter suspended all aid to Pakistan (except food aid) in response to Pakistan's decision to construct a uranium enrichment facility Although US assistance (both economic and military) to Pakistan has fluctuated considerably over the last 60 years.3bn In 2010. Bush suspended aid flows over Pakistan's emerging nuclear program.W. US military assistance dropped dramatically during and immediately after the Indo-Pakistani wars of 1965 and 1971 In the 1970s.including $1.

89 619.84 989.co.uk/global-development/poverty-matters/2011/jul/11/us-aid-to-pakistan Year Economic Assistance. Center for Global Development.93 1689.55 286.89 74.24 477.Summary of US aid to Pakistan 1948-2010 http://www.59 985.22 1367.81 230.18 700.77 0 0 0 0 0 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 0 2.28 0 0 0 0 0 266 1086.02 .15 1065.65 0 0 73.13 366.35 780. Total Coalition Support Funds Note: All figures are in US$ (millions).59 533.9 589. Total Economic Assistance (through USAID) Military Assistance.39 260.04 1446. Figures are adjusted for inflation and presented in 2009 constant dollars Source: Wren Elhai.guardian.95 733.29 156.23 152.65 968.5 437.47 549.25 748.53 2334.25 1181.67 1079. 2011 1948 1949 0.

13 326.2 0 0 1.36 1501.95 0.28 719.07 Military Assistance.42 1.5 0.77 2222.4 55.24 0.63 219.55 77.73 0.92 128.87 387.92 1.49 23.68 541.31 570.87 715.38 672.6 Economic Assistance (through USAID) 1063.9 816.52 1.87 0.81 137.16 1041.68 1334.58 691.5 504.31 0 0 200.53 164.28 1213.33 25.78 209.32 474.21 261.35 381. Total 292.97 614.76 968.31 187.02 336.66 1928.34 644.38 8.92 1.16 214.98 0.1 319. Total 2066.28 0.4 26.16 400.Year 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 Economic Assistance.25 692.2 Coalition Support Funds .93 31.

53 635 421.56 599.62 614.42 689.19 68.72 228.14 45.69 367.48 1353.43 688.05 607.56 374.65 1867.26 623.32 1114.25 1529.93 406.29 415.1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 534.74 284.13 22.82 534.79 0.17 36.77 555.53 545.54 0 0 0.91 392.32 102.57 7.27 422.54 430.14 74.72 548.18 568.81 316.02 0 0 6.9 685 1220.13 744.1 0 7.04 488.53 1739.07 769.9 583.06 1450.98 0 10.53 460.59 383.74 1014.23 891.84 447.26 2524.2 0 0 0 0 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 57.12 490.7 1760.78 499.43 23.72 0 0.61 1386.05 1076.72 1378.37 141.14 559.5 .06 283.34 377.46 498.15 916.13 755.1 1079.44 0 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 27.06 1246.39 1397.07 149.11 1050.91 469.22 0 0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 937.98 794.

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