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Introduction Author: Zhao Yinghe ( ID: 120172) Contact Info. ( zyh@huawei.com); fanhanhuan 45129/huawei@huawei Abstract:
This slide is for the UMT900 Refarming Deployment Strategy and RNP considerations, for communication with operator. Suitable for RAN version:SRAN3.0  

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1-2 Hours

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HUAWEI Confidential

Huawei UMTS900M Refarming Deployment Strategy and RNP

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Agenda
• UMTS900 Deployment Strategy • Huawei Refarming Solution • 2G Traffic Transfer Strategy • GSM900 Frequency re-plan and performance • Inter-RAT Operation Solution • Antenna Solution • UMTS Refarming Application

Huawei Confidential Page 4 .. LTD.1GHz spectrum insufficient for 3G capacity Cost Requirement • TCO (UMTS 900MHz) << TCO (UMTS 2.Why Refarming? Demands from Data Growth Data services offset the falls of voice revenue and becomes the key driver to growth • Voice ARPU falls in 4 countries Coverage Requirement • No 3G service in rural area • Coverage gap between 2.1GHz) Evolution Requirement • partial 900MHz frequencies spared as GSM subscribers moving to UMTS gradually HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.1GHz and 900MHz Service Requirement • Poor or No data service in rural area (inc. fixed data access) Capacity Requirement • UMTS grows as GSM turns down • 2.

Huawei Confidential Page 5 . U2100: about 6dB better link budget in U900.5~3 times larger than U2100 Radio planning U900 vs. Better receiver sensitivity Capacity planning: Co-site for higher capacity sharing.Refarming Get Better Network on Lower Cost  Radio planning U900 vs. LTD.. G900: Link budget +6-9dB. 50% fewer sites with U900 than U2100 Cell Coverage Comparison   HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Cell Coverage of U900 2.

Huawei Confidential Page 6 ..Feasibility Analysis of UMTS900 Refarming Deployment Strategy and RNP Challenges & Solution Spectrum Availability • Configurable Band width of UMTS carrier •More Valuable spectrum left to GSM retained Technical Feasibility •frequency allocation •GU adjacent frequency interference impact •Inter-RAT Operation Voice Migration •Migration of existing GSM traffic •TFR Solution •Evolution from2G to 3G Cost Affordability • • • • • co-site co-antenna co-cabinet co-accessories co-transmission Industry Chain Industry Maturity ( Product and terminal industry) License Permission on UMTS900 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.

Thailand. Finland AIS. Belguim . Trial • Leader in commercialization Optus.Orange.Proximus. etc. Huawei Confidential Page 7 . LTD.. Major Contributor to Refarming Industry • Pioneer for technical trials . Romania Teliasonera.Globe. France VDF. 1 es ahP • 1st verify “Buffer Zone” theory • 1st test in-build U900 performance • 1st verify negligent impact to G900 Deployment 2 es ahP • 1st Tighter Frequency Reuse • 1st Single-RAN refarming • 1st antenna sharing • 1st to deploy G/U SDR850MHz and SDR900MHz • 1st to deploy U900 on 4. Bulgaria. etc.Huawei. France . Australia SFR.2MHz Bandwidth • 1st to deploy Tighter Frequency Reuse Enhancement 3 es ahP HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

Typical Deployment Strategy for Refarming Extend 3G Coverage In Sub-urban & Rural   Improve 3G Coverage in Urban area    Initial 3G Roll-out In All areas     No UMTS service coverage yet voice traffic is low. LTD..1Ghz and GSM 900Mhz due to coverage quality difference No 3G service yet anywhere No 2.1Ghz spectrum Sufficient 900Mhz spectrum for network-wide refarming U900 U2100 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 8 . easy to release frequencies for UMTS Poor or No fixed broadband Indoor coverage is not good Blind spots in dense urban Frequent handover between UMTS 2.

. LTD. easy to release frequencies for UMTS  Poor or no data service  RNP Focus on    Coverage Requirement Service Requirement Cost Requirement • • HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.Typical UMTS900 Deployment Scenarios Extend 3G Coverage in Suburban & Rural Network character No UMTS coverage yet  low voice traffic. UMTS2100 for Urban coverage UMTS900 refarming for Suburban and Rural coverage Huawei Confidential Page 9 .

Typical UMTS900 Deployment Scenarios Improve 3G Coverage in Urban area area Network character Indoor coverage not good  Blind spots in Dense Urban  Capacity supplementary for UMTS 2. LTD.1GHz  RNP Focus on:   Coverage Requirement Capacity Requirement • • HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. UMTS2100 for Urban coverage UMTS900 refarming for urban coverage and capacity Huawei Confidential Page 10 ..

Typical UMTS900 Deployment Scenarios Initial 3G Roll-out in All areas All areas     Network character No 3G service yet anywhere No 2. U2100 is mainly covered in the urban and core towns Refarming the GSM900 all over the network Huawei Confidential Page 11 .. LTD.1GHz spectrum Sufficient 900MHz spectrum for network-wide refarming RNP Focus on Coverage Requirement Cost Requirement    • • HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

Agenda • UMTS900 Deployment Strategy • Huawei Refarming Solution • 2G Traffic Transfer Strategy • GSM900 Frequency re-plan and performance • Inter-RAT Operation Solution • Co-Antenna Solution • UMTS Refarming Application .

1800 and 1900MHz frequency  UU4.Flexible Huawei UMTS Refarming Solution  Configurable Bandwidth of UMTS carrier  Flexible Between 4.2M UMTS carriers ) is ready from SRAN releas3.8MHz solution can be designed for a network according to actual conditions.2MHz and 5MHz from RAN Release12. guard  More valuable spectrum left to GSM use GSM UMTS GSM HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..1700. Huawei Confidential Page 13 .2M solution ( two adjacent 4.0  3.1MHz steps for both downlink and uplink  Efficiently suitable for 850.900.0 with 0. LTD.

Flexible Huawei UMTS Refarming Solution  Sandwich frequency solution  Sandwich allocation flexibly puts U900 carrier into the proper spectrum location based on the UU solution and interference consideration with other operators. frequency gap (f1): 2.  Min.. frequency gap (f2): 2.2MHz separation  Min. Huawei Confidential Page 14 . Sandwich frequency solution  Edge allocation solution  Edge allocation solution has lower frequency utilization since the more frequency guard bandwidth shall be reserved to avoid the risk.6MHz between UMTS900 and the GSM900 of neighbour operator Edge frequency solution  Sandwich frequency solution is preferred HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.

2MHz for UMTS 16% Tighter Frequency Reuse Up less spectrum bandwidth needed for UMTS 1 2 to 44% less spectrum bandwidth needed for GSM Reuse of Legacies   Guarantee better coverage 6 Maximize value of investment Refarming Solutions 3 Sandwich & Buffer Zone No Negative Impact to GSM SingleRAN/ SDR   5 4 2G Traffic Transfer Strategy Coverage/Load/Service Intersystem Balance Reduce CS block rate  Improve data throughput  Easy to maintenance Improve 2G/3G performance HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 15 .Huawei Refarming Solution highlights 4.. LTD.

. LTD. Huawei Confidential  Page 16 .UMTS 900 Refarming RNP Procedure Start UMTS900 frequency allocation Strategy 2G capacity Migration and G900 frequency re-plan Refarming key points:  Interference Analysis among UMTS900 & other Systems  Capacity Analysis to meet both GSM & UMTS traffic requirement UMTS900 Dimension and Plan  GSM900 Frequency Planning Inter-RAT Operation Solution between GSM900 & UMTS900 Inter-RAT Operation design GU antenna solution End HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

Agenda • UMTS900 Deployment Strategy • Huawei Refarming Solution • 2G Traffic Transfer Strategy • GSM900 Frequency re-plan and performance • Inter-RAT Operation Solution • Antenna Solution • UMTS Refarming Application .

2G Traffic Transfer Procedure A: Existing Configured capacity N User increasing prediction B: Traffic requirement 2G Traffic transfer A>B Y Reduce the Configuration Frequency bandwidth After Refarming G900->G1800 G900->U900 Required Frequency reuse Density G900 TFR N Meet Required frequency reuse density Y Final G900 site configuration HUAWEI Confidential Page 18 .

UE prefers to make the cell selection to G1800.  GSM 1800M has rich frequency.2G traffic migration Strategy-1 ( G900->G1800)  Scenarios GSM 900M GSM 900M GSM 900M  GSM 1800M is available and continuously covered.  G900 and G1800 are deployed with Co-site  Migration Strategy GSM1800 GSM1800 GSM1800  Active HR.  Load handover is performed according to the traffic HUAWEI Confidential Page 19 .  Allow intra-frequency better cell handover. raise its proportion configured up to 50%~70%  Transfer traffic from G900 to G1800 by add site configuration depend on the required frequency reuse factor from 9~12  Increase 1800M sites co-sited with G900  Traffic sharing Strategy Better cell handover Load balance handover Coverage edge handover  Camp on G1800 and G900 randomly in the idle state.

 There is no 1800 spectrum  G900 and U900 are deployed with co-site  Migration Strategy UMTS 900M UMTS 900M UMTS 900M  Active automatically the U900 service for all the existing 2G users  Dual-mode terminal and 3G rate policies appeal to the transferred 2G user  Voice traffic shared on UMTS900 shall be dimensioned.  Transfer traffic from G900 to UMTS900 with the above preconditions. and the experience shall be good. Better cell handover Load balance handover Coverage edge handover  Traffic sharing Strategy     Terminal camp on UMTS as long as it support G/U dual-mode Dual-mode UE camp on GSM in no UMTS coverage area Voice calls remain in individual RAT cells PS service on dual-mode UE shall perform Cell Reselection or HO if it enter into UMTS coverage area HUAWEI Confidential Page 20 .2G traffic migration Strategy-2 ( G900->U900)  Scenarios GSM 900M GSM 900M GSM 900M  U900 is continuously covered.

With service delaminating F1 F1 HUAWEI Confidential Page 21 . Suggested Strategy: Randomly Camping With loading Balancing U900 R99 +HSPA F2 F2 U2100R9 9+HSPA F1 F1 U900 is continuously covered. U2100 is NOT continuously covered.UMTS Dimension Consideration UMTS Voice Capacity Comparison U2100 is continuously covered. U900 is also continuously covered. Suggested Strategy: U2100R99 +HSPA U900 R99+HSP A F2 Force to camp on F1.

raise its proportion configured up to 50%~70% to reduce the existing G900 configuration  Maintain the existing G900 configuration with the less frequency  The quality will deduce and Huawei TFR( tight frequency reuse) solution will slower the trend Better cell handover Load balance handover Coverage edge handover HUAWEI Confidential Page 22 . UMTS 900M UMTS 900M UMTS 900M  Migration Strategy  Active HR.2G traffic migration Strategy-3 (G900 TFR)  Scenarios GSM 900M GSM 900M GSM 900M  There is no 1800 spectrum  The U900 service for the existing 2G users needs special application  2G user’s will to migration is very low for the tough Dual-mode terminal and 3G rate policies.

20% 1.00% 1.00% 1.55% 1.50% 97.40% 1.50% 98..  UISS (w/o GPS) DTX Power control  ICC/EICC TFO  AMR Enhanced UISS IBCA AMR feature Interference S222 S332 DTX/PC/AMR DTX/PC/AMR /EICC/TFO /UISS+IBCA DTX/PC/AMR /EICC/TFO /UISS+IBCA Cancellation Combining UISS : Um DL Rx Qaul (0. Site Configuration shall be S444 E-ICC : Spatial-Temporal FR LOAD 70%  IBCA FR LOAD 90%  Enhanced ICC    tech.00% 2.70% 0.Tighter Frequency Reuse solution for G900 capacity Huawei TFR solution Case study: Bandwidth BCCH AMR  4. TCH layer:77~86 S2/2/2 Industry AntiInterference Site Type S4/3/3 penetration:90% Capacity target:: traffic increase 10%. LTD.15% 0.50% 93.8MHz@900M( 63~86) after reframing layer : 63~76.00% Based Channel Allocation S444 90.50% 94.80% 96.70% 95. HR 50%.20% 93.00% 96.00% 95.35% 0.UL Rx call drop Assignme Handov SD SDCCH SDCCH TCH 4) Qaul (0-4) rate nt er assign drop Blocking Blocking success success success rate rate rate rate rate rate Interface Software Synchronization IBCA : Interference 93.8MHz Frequency Available S4/4/4 S3/3/ 2 FR LOAD 50%    :4.00% 1.00% HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.00% 94.80% 1.50% 91. Huawei Confidential Page 23 .00% 94.00% 97.50% 1.

Agenda • UMTS900 Deployment Strategy • Huawei Refarming Solution • 2G Traffic Transfer Strategy • GSM900 Frequency re-plan and performance • Inter-RAT Operation Solution • Antenna Solution • UMTS Refarming Application .

Isolation distance minimize interference caused by same frequency between GSM900 and UMTS900. Huawei Confidential Page 25 ..Interference Type Between GSM and UMTS How to calculated the interference UMTS NodeB GSM BS UMTS UE GSM UE ACIR represents the interference between GSM900 and UMTS900 Same Co verage Ar ea Main interference introduce UMTS NodeB to GSM UE interference GSM UE to UMTS NodeB interference UMTS UE to GSM BTS interference GSM BTS to UMTS UE interference How to minimize the interference Carrier separation minimize interference caused by adjacent carrier between GSM900 and UMTS900. LTD. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

00% 0.4MHz 2.05% UMTS UL Coverage Loss (Cell Radius) Urban Rural 1.00% EDGE DL Throughput Loss Urban Rural 0.00% 0.13% 0.2MHz GSM 4x3 frequency reuse for BCCHs.04% UMTS HSUPA Throughput Loss Urban Rural 2.00% 0.02% 0.00% 0.00% 0.68% 0.00% UMTS HSDPA Throughput Loss Urban Rural 1.00% 2.00% 0.83% 0.GU Network Level Performance loss from GU adjacent frequency 2.6MHz 2. and 1x3 for TCHs GSM Voice Call Drop increase Urban Rural 0.00% 0.39% 0. and 4x3 for TCHs GU Frequency Gap GSM Voice Call Drop increase Urban Rural 0.13% 2.00% 0.43% 0.00% UMTS DL R99 Capacity Loss (voice Sub.86% 0.46% 0.14% 0.00% 2.01% 0.00% 0.4MHz 2.66% 0.2MHz GU900 Co-Site Urban: ISD=750m Rural: ISD=7500m GSM UMTS 4.00% 0.00% 0.02% 1.00% EDGE DL Throughput Loss Urban Rural 0.00% UMTS DL R99 Capacity Loss (voice Sub.38% 0.) Urban Rural 1.6MHz GU Frequency Gap 4x3 frequency reuse for BCCHs.89% 0.00% 0.52% 0.48% 0.89% 0.00% 0.63% 0.00% 0.63% 0.00% 0.52% 0.00% 0.48% 0.28% 0.29% 0.00% HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.) Urban Rural 0.2MHz 2.00% 0.86% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.15% 0.43% 0.00% 3.16% UMTS UL Coverage Loss (Cell Radius) Urban Rural 5.21% 0..2MHz 2.00% 0. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 26 .04% 0.79% 0.04% UMTS HSUPA Throughput Loss Urban Rural 0.00% 0.00% 0.80% 0.21% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% UMTS HSDPA Throughput Loss Urban Rural 0.

89% 0.00% 0. Huawei Confidential Page 27 .90% 0.65% 0.64% HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.00% Rural 0.00% UMTS HSDPA Throughput Loss Urban 4.84% 0.2MHz GU900 Co-Site Urban: ISD=750m Rural: ISD=7500m GSM UMTS 4.2MHz GSM The worst performance of worst cells are shown as follows: GU Frequency Gap GSM Voice Call Drop increase Urban 2.00% Rural 4.32% 0.00% UMTS DL R99 Capacity Loss (voice Sub..00% EDGE DL Throughput Loss Urban 0. LTD.00% 0.70% 2.Cell Level Performance loss from GU adjacent frequency 2.6MHz 0.85% 1.58% 0.86% 2.00% 0.00% Rural 0.50% 0.00% 0.2MHz 2.00% 0.09% Rural 5.76% 0.4MHz 2.38% Rural 6.00% 0.22% 0.00% 0.68% 4.71% 0.69% 0.62% 0.31% 0.) Urban 3.65% Rural 5.10% UMTS HSUPA Throughput Loss Urban 6.49% UMTS UL Coverage Loss (Cell Radius) Urban 7.

Adjacent frequencies plan consideration for G900  2.  Frequency hopping.  Adjacent carrier will be assigned to the Underlay of Concentric Cell Overlay Underlay HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.6MHz frequency guard bandwidth between BCCH and UMTS is recommended.. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 28 . DTX & power control enabled for TCH in adjacent carriers  PDCH assign to adjacent carriers adjacent channels GSM carrier …… x y……  Both adjacent frequencies in the sandwich schedule shall be not assigned in a cell.

Buffer Zone: GU co-frequency interference guard  HUAWEI buffer zone solution to solve the interference when UMTS900 sites and GSM900 sites are assigned the same frequency . B area is the frequency isolation area.. but in different regions A B GSM sites A area is corresponding to GSM coverage. the frequencies of G900 is different from both A and C area GSM900 GSM900 Buffer zone UMTS sites GSM900 C C area is corresponding to UMTS coverage. Huawei Confidential Page 29 The . Spectrum allocation optimization or obstructed topography will deduce the size of buffer zone co-frequency interference signal received in the A or C shall below -110dBm HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD. GSM900 UMTS900 GSM900 Proposal for buffer zone plan: Buffer RF zone distance is commonly 2~3 layer sites or the distance of twice cell diameter.

.1 dB • DL interference reduces about 3dB Buffer Zone (one site) No Buffer Zone UE -> Node B Impact Node B -> UE Impact RTWP Rise (dB) UE Interference Rise (dB) 0.5km GSM900 (Cell 2) Buffer Zone GSM900 Cell2 GSM900 (Cell 1) GSM900(Cell 1) GSM900 Cell1 GSM900 UMTS900 (Cell 0) GSM900 Achievement for Buffer Zone • UL interference reduces 2. Australia UMTS900 Cell0 Buffer zone locates at the edge of urban area • • ISD: 5.3 3.2 0. Huawei Confidential Page 30 .2 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.1 2.Buffer Zone Case Study Basic Info CASE: Optus. LTD.

C/I Progressive Statistic 00 0% 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0 % C/I>=0 C/I>=00 None Interference Tw o Layer Isolation One Layer Isolation GSM UE C/I Distribution Compare(BCCH: 0 ) 0 X  UMTS UE Ec/Io distribution compare  UMTS cell radius: 4Km. Huawei Confidential Page 31 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.0 >=. UMTS UE Ec /Io Dis tribution c ompare 00 0 Ec/Io Progressive Statistic% 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 >=.Buffer zone Impact to Performance of GU sites  GSM MS C/I distribution compare  GSM topology mode:4X3.0 >=.>=-0 0 >=. . LTD..0 Ec /Io 0 0 0 0 0 No Is olation One L ay er Is olation GSM UE C/I Distribution Compare(TCH:00) X C/I Progressive Statistic 00 0% 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0 % C/I>=0 None Interference Two Layer Isolation G900 Sites One layer Isolation zone C/I>=00 One Layer Isolation U900 Sites  The impact between Base Station and UE can be ignored with 2~3 layer isolation zone.0 >=.  GSM topology mode:4X3.

LTD..Case Study: 10MHz Spectrum for Refarming Example: Spectrum Assignment in 900MHz V Operator Operator C Operator B 10MHz ? How to perform GSM and UMTS refarming? HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 32 .

4MHz spectrum available for GSM900 Sandwich Solution recommended.6MHz 4.6MHz bandwidth allocated for UMTS900 5.. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 33 . UMTS GSM HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. No interference to neighboring operators.Case Study: Assignment of GSM TRX and UMTS Carrier Operator C V operator Operator B 10MHz 4.

LTD. CH12}. CH3. Frequency Planning: 1+2+2+SFH HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. 1 CH min.e. 15 channels for BCCH. CH2.Case Study: Frequency Planning for VF Italy Operator C 1 channel TCH 50 channels 15 channels BCCH V operator Operator B 1 channel TCH 10 channels TCH 23 channels UMTS900 U900 BCCH min. 2 CHs  Minimum 1 CH (200kHz) between UMTS900 and BCCH. MA={CH1. 2 CHs min. i. 1 SFH group for all TCH.  2 CHs (1 TCH + 1 guard CH) between BCCH of V operator and UMTS900 of Operator C. Huawei Confidential Page 34 . ….  2 CHs (1 TCH + 1 guard CH) between UMTS of V operator and BCCH of Operator B.  GSM frequency planning: SFH to spread the interference in the network.

Agenda • UMTS900 Deployment Strategy • Huawei Refarming Solution • 2G Traffic Transfer Strategy • GSM900 Frequency re-plan and performance • Inter-RAT Operation Solution • Antenna Solution • UMTS Refarming Application .

Inter-RAT Operation Strategy 1 --U900 for Rural coverage and U2100 for Urban coverage  Coverage zone HSPA /R99  UMTS900 intra-freq soft handover  UMTS2100-UMTS900 inter-freq hard handover  UMTS2100 intra-freq soft handover UMTS2100 UMTS900 GSM900 GSM900  UMTS900/GSM inter-RAT handover Hot Spot & Dense Urban Suburban & rural Urban HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 36 .. LTD.

Inter-RAT Operation Strategy 2 --U900 for continuous coverage and U2100 for hot area capacity expansion UMTS 900 UMTS 900 UMTS 2100 UMTS 900 UMTS 2100 UMTS 900  Uni-directional blind Handover from UMTS 2100 cell to UMTS900 cell based on load UMTS 900 UMTS 2100 UMTS 900  Users camp on UMTS 2100 layer to establish R99 + HSDPA services UMTS 2100 Cell  Uni-directional Handover from UMTS 2100 cell to UMTS900 cell based on coverage UMTS 900 •The first phase of UMTS900 deployment will be mainly for coverage continuity and UMTS2100 absorb load in hot spot areas. Huawei Confidential Page 37 . LTD.  Continuous UMTS layer for coverage GSM Cell GSM Cell HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. UMTS 900 Cell  Uni-directional blind Handover from UMTS 900 cell to GSM900 cell based on load GSM Cell UMTS 900 Cell UMTS 900 Cell • • • All UMTS layers provide R99+HSPA service Users camp on 2100 layer when available According to the cell load the call will be established in 2100 layer or redirected to 900 layer..

Huawei Confidential Page 38 . LTD..Mobility Management: Roaming strategy between GSM and UMTS 3G subscribers configured to camp on WCDMA network with the higher priority by choosing the UTRAN ACCESS TECHNOLOGY in the USIM file UMTSGSM cell reselection GSMUMTS PLMN or cell reselection WCDMA WCDMA GSM   Cell reselection from UMTS to GSM networks    via Inter-system Cell Reselection : No upgrade for GSM networks via Inter-system Cell Reselection: GSM BSS need to be upgraded to support SI2quater via PLMN/Access Technology Reselection: No upgrade for GSM networks Cell reselection from GSM to UMTS networks HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 39 .Mobility Management: Inter-RAT handover between GSM and UMTS CS Services Camping on UMTS in idle mode Handover to 2G Staying in 2G during the call Call ends.. Bidirectional handover between UMTS and GSM by cell reselection is proposed for PS services Note: No upgrade of GSM network for handover from 3G to 2G HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Cell Reselection to 3G Service begins… Packet Services UMTS cell GSM/GPRS cell Cell Reselection or cell Change Order to GPRS Cell Reselection to UMTS Cell Reselection to GPRS   Unidirectional handover from UMTS to GSM is proposed for CS services.

LTD. Cell Re-selection Full flexibility for Traffic Management Huawei Confidential Page 40 RRC R-Dir RAB DRD Inter-RAT HO LDR SHO UMTS000 GSM ..Summary for GU Mobility Startegy Idle Mode RRC setup RAB setup Connected SHO RRC DRD RRC R-Dir RAB DRD UMTS0000 IFHO LDR DRD to GSM HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

Agenda • UMTS900 Deployment Strategy • Huawei Refarming Solution • 2G Traffic Transfer Strategy • GSM900 Frequency re-plan and performance • Inter-RAT Operation Solution • Antenna Solution • UMTS Refarming Application .

Case 2: Sharing Existing GSM900 Antenna Co-antenna with SASU Co-antenna with 3dB combiner Case 3: Independent Antenna for U900 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.Contents of Antenna Solution Case 1: Antenna Solution with Huawei SDR Product One Antenna is needed to support GSM and UMTS simultaneously.. Huawei Confidential Page 42 .

LTD..  The specifications of RRU3908 are fully Compliant with ETSI.Case 1: Huawei SDR Product RRU3908 RRU3908 Solution (1 RRU = GSM900 + UMTS900 modes) now GSM900 UMTS900 Rollout GU900 UMTS 900 Switch on GSM900 RRU3908 SDR swap Add UMTS Card BBU3900 GSM900 BBU3900 G+U 900 GSM900 Modernization With SDR Module  Multi mode (GSM/UMTS) supported simultaneously in one module. UMTS900 Switch on HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 43 .

2*80W output power in one MRFU module  6 Carriers for GSM only..Case 1: Huawei SDR Product MRFU MRFU Solution (1 MRFU = GSM900 + UMTS900 mode) now GSM900 UMTS900 Rollout GU900 UMTS 900 Switch on GSM900 M R F U BTS3900 M R F U M R F U swap New-add: 3G 900M + 2G 900M Add MRFU modules G G G / / / U U U U M T S U M T S U M T S Existing: 3G 2100M GSM900 G+U 900 GSM900 Modernization With SDR Module  Max. 4 Carriers for UMTS only  For dual mode: UMTS 1C + GSM 1~5C. LTD. UMTS 2C + GSM 1~4C HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential UMTS900 Switch on  Software upgrade to UMTS900 Page 44 .

.Case 1: Huawei SDR Product MRFU MRFU Solution (1 MRFU = GSM900 or UMTS900 mode) now GSM900 swap Fo eE om rS ean rop u SR M GSM900 gGU900 rtin po sup not ries unt co UMTS900 Rollout UMTS 900 Switch on BTS3900 M R F U M R F U M R F U Add MRFU modules M R F U M R F U M R F U M R F U M R F U M R F U GSM900 G+U 900 GSM900 Modernization With SDR Module  Max. 8 Carriers for UMTS only UMTS900 Switch on  Software upgrade to UMTS900 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. 2*80W output power in one MRFU module  8 Carriers for GSM only. Huawei Confidential Page 45 . LTD.

Case 1: Antenna solution with Huawei SDR Product 900MHz antenna easy 1 Separate Antenna Solution Separate tilt & azimuth tuning for network optimization High cost for adding new antennas & feeders Slow deployment for additional engineering difficult Optimization Engineering No change for antenna and feeder system 2 Co-feeder. Only one antenna is needed to support GSM and UMTS. BTS3900 DBS3900 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.. Huawei Confidential Page 46 . co-antenna Solution Fast deployment for easy engineering Low cost for sharing the legacy devices High difficulty for network optimization GSM900 + GSM900 UMTS900 UMTS900 difficult easy M R F U M R F U M R F U M R F U M R F U M R F U  Multi mode (GSM/UMTS) supported GSM900 + GSM900 + UMTS900 UMTS900 simultaneously in one module.

LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 47 .Case 2 : Sharing Existing GSM900 Antenna GSM TX GSM&UMTS RXM UMTS TX GSM&UMTS RXD GSM TX GSM&UMTS RXM UMTS TX GSM&UMTS RXD SASU 3dB 3dB SASA TX/RXM RXD TX/RXD GSM900 TX/RXM GSM900 UMTS900 UMTS900 Co-antenna with SASU and SASA Co-antenna with 3dB combiner HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..

SASU: Same band Antenna Sharing Unit Install on the wall Install on the pole SASU Characteristic: Solution for the shared antenna between GSM and UMTS system or between two UMTS systems on the same band.. Huawei Confidential Page 48 . 1 Tx port for GSM & UMTS respectively SASU Advantage:  No extra loss in the uplink  Maximum 0. LTD.6dB insertion loss in the downlink  No impact on frequency planning for GSM & UMTS HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.  6-port unit for antenna & feeder.

6dB insertion loss in the downlink No impact on frequency planning for GSM & UMTS  HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 49 .Huawei SASU for GU900 Co-antenna Solution SASU (Same band Antenna Sharing Unit) Install on the pole  SASU Advantages    Install on the wall   SASU Characteristic 6-port unit for antenna & feeder sharing between GSM900 and UMTS900 1 Tx port for GSM & UMTS respectively No extra loss in the uplink Maximum 0..

No affecting the performance of the existing GSM network. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 50 . LTD..SASA: Same band Antenna Sharing Adapter Principles of the SASA GSM_M GSM_D SASA: Combine the TX carriers on two antennas into the carriers on one antenna.

6 dB loss on DL Support RET function (with 10dB Gain) HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.. Huawei Confidential Page 51 .SASU Solution Helps to Retain GSM Coverage Best Co-Antenna Solution for Overlap Mode Traditional Combiner Disadvantage of Combiner New sites needed to retain existing GSM coverage SASU Solution antenna    3dB insertion loss (DL/UL) 30% coverage reduced Not support RET antenna Cable attenuator Cable attenuator Advantage of SASU combiner combiner (SASU: Same Antenna Sharing Unit) SASU G900 BTS U900 Node B G900 BTS U900 Node B Negligible Impacts to GSM  negligible loss on UL   < 0.

2 independent antennas can be used. GSM900 UMTS900 Independent antenna HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..Case 3: Independent Antenna for U900 In case of high configuration. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 52 .

. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 53 .Disadvantage of Independent Antenna U900&G900 Additional equipment cost •New antenna •New pole •New feeder •New TMA Limitation of evolution • lack of installation space for LTE/SAE evolution Sites renegotiation •New antenna and pole Additional Cost Slow the pace of site deployment • Longer time to market Additional installation cost •New antenna •New pole •New feeder Additional maintenance cost •New antenna HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

Antenna Solution Summary
Solution Independent antenna Advantages Easy to implement RF optimization respectively. Co-antenna with SASU Save the installation space and cost for antenna and feeder 1) 3G and 2G system can not adjust the down tilt angle and azimuth independently; 2) downlink increase less than 0.6dB loss. Co-antenna with 3dB combiner Save the installation space and cost for antenna and feeder 1) 3G and 2G system can not adjust the down tilt angle and azimuth independently; 2) downlink increase more than 3 dB loss. Co-antenna with GU mRRU/mRFU 1) save the space and cost of antennas and 3G and 2G system can not adjust the down tilt angle and azimuth feeders; 2) No insertion loss; 3) Easy RF tuning for 2G/3G co-coverage objectives; independently; Disadvantages much additional cost needed

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 54

Agenda
• UMTS900 Deployment Strategy • Huawei Refarming Solution • 2G Traffic Transfer Strategy • GSM900 Frequency re-plan and performance • Inter-RAT Operation Solution • Co-Antenna Solution • UMTS Refarming Application

Refarming Solution case study – S Operator

Network Information for Refarming

 Scenario :Suburban& Rural  G900 and G1800 and U2100 , total 45 Sites  Bandwidth : 9.8MHz(76-124) @900M, 23.8MHz (512-525, 647-751)@ 1800MHz  UMTS900 Refarming : 1 U900 carrier

Refarming Solution
G900/G1800&U900

2.2MHz

 Swap and Refarming with Single RAN3.0 MRRU for  Sandwich allocation, 4.2MHz of total 12.4MHz for UMTS  G900:76~89,111~124; U900:90~110  Traffic migration :GSM900-> GSM1800M
HUAWEI Confidential
Page 56

GSM89

UMTS 110 4.2MHz

GSM

buffer zone & RF optimization zone.89 and 111 .111). available range is 76 ~ 87 and 113 ~ 124 , TCH of G900 Co-sited with U900 shall not use the adjacent frequenies(89. while TCH of separate G900 site can use them.  G900 cell BCCH shall has a frequency guard over 2. Area to refarm : 4.2Mhz Channels: 76 .Huawei frequency Refarming  Frequency re-plan area shall be separated URBAN Channels: 64-124 into refarming area.6MHz with UMTS channel.124 HUAWEI Confidential Page 57 .124 Zone de garde: Replan in 10Mhz Channels: 76 .

Buffer Zone Frequency Planning Sites in Refarming zone Sites in buffer zone Sites in RF optimization zone HUAWEI Confidential Page 58 .

Inter-RAT Operation Solution in Refarming Area Adjacent cell relationship  G900 Adjacent cells: D1800. but not allowed from GSM to UMTS.. handover from UMTS to GSM. bidirectional reselection between GSM and UMTS In connection state. U900 Adjacent cells:G900.U2100 F0 U2100 F0 Adjacent cells: U2100 F1. U900(GU co-site). G900(no co-site) Mobile strategy In idle state. U2100 F2. U900(co-site). HUAWEI Confidential Page 59 .U2100 F0(no co-site).

F1. UE camp on UMTS2100 F0 as preference. Bidirectional handover based on coverage from UMTS2100 to UMTS900 is recommended In only U2100 F0. U900(co-site).U2100 F0(no co-site).carrier Solution Adjacent cell relationship  G900 Adjacent cells: D1800. U2100 F0 U2100 F0 Adjacent cells: U2100 F1.F2.Intra-UMTS Multi. bidirectional reselection between U900 and U2100. U900 Adjacent cells:G900. G900(no co-site) Mobile strategy In idle state.or F2 overlapped coverage area. and such service accessing to F0 will DRD to F1. HUAWEI Confidential Page 60 . U900(GU co-site).  U2100 F1 and F2 have higher priority for HSPA service than U2100 F0. U2100 F2 ( overlapped coverage cell ).

Refarming HUAWEI Confidential Page 61 .Swap and Refarming flow .

Swapping HUAWEI Confidential Page 62 .Swap and Refarming flow .

Swapping HUAWEI Confidential Page 63 .Swap and Refarming flow .

u ) B ore R armn S ) ef ef i g(N N A ter R armng B ore f ef i & ef SA S) WP(N N A ter S A W f WP(H ) % 00 . Sat . 00 . a Sn u. 0 00 . ed Th rs.Performance Overview. W .GSM CS C Traf f i c S 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 33 33 00 00 M on. ed Th rs. S t. Tu es. Te u s. 33 . 0 % Ta x e e Q S N ki a u ch c o o -C S (3 SR ) B ore R armn (N N ef ef i g S) A ter f R armn & ef o ef i g B re(N N S) A ter S A W f WP(H ) Er l ( B ore R armng( N ) ef ef i SN A ter R armng& ef ore f ef i B SWP(N ) A SN A ter SWP( H ) f A W Tues. 0 33 . Tau d co p re rad o C x e uu i (D R 0 00 . 33 . Sn u. a Sn u. Fri . 0 00 . 0 Mn o. 33 . u Fri . % 0 33 . Tu es. Sun. 0 00 . 0 00 . Tu h rs. 00 . S t. Thurs. 0 M on. W ed. 0 B f o R f a i n (N N e re e rm g S ) S C HD p DC ro s A te R f a i n & e o f r e rm g B f re SA S) WP(N N A te S A (H ) f r WP W Fri . 00 . S at. Wd e. W . 0 33 . Fri . Mn o. 0 00 . 00 . HUAWEI Confidential Page 64 .

Performance Overview. W ed. Sat . 0 M on. Sat . Bef or e Ref ar m ng( NSN i ) Af t er Ref ar m ng& or e i Bef SW N AP( SN) Af t er SW H ) AP( W Tues. W ed. B or e R arm ng( N ) ef ef i SN A t er Ref armng& ef ore f i B SWP( N ) A SN A t er SWP( H ) f A W % I n I nt er BSC H andover Fai l ures w t h Bl ocks i 0 0 0 % 0 0 0 0 M on. Sat . W ed. Tues. Thurs. Tues. Fri . Fr i . Thur s. Tues. % I n I nt ar BSC H andover Fai l ur es w t h Bl ocks i 0 %O ut I nt ar BSC H andover Fai l ur es w t h Bl ocks i 0 Bef or e Ref ar m ng( N ) i SN 0 Bef or e Ref ar m ng( N ) i SN 0 % 0 % Af t er Ref ar m ng& or e i Bef SW N ) AP( SN Af t er SW H ) AP( W 0 Af t er Ref ar m ng& or e i Bef SW N ) AP( SN Af t er SW H ) AP( W 0 0 0 M on. Fri .GSM PS % O I nter B ut SC H andover Fai l ures w th B ocks i l 0 0 0 0 0 0 % 0 0 0 0 0 M on. Sat . Thur s. HUAWEI Confidential Page 65 . W ed. Thur s. Fr i .

Sun. W ed. Thurs. 0 HUAWEI Confidential Page 66 . Tues.GSM PS % TBFFAI LD L 0 0 % TBFFAI LUL Bef or e Ref arm ng( N ) i SN 0 0 0 % % 0 Af t er Ref ar m ng& ore i Bef SW N ) AP( SN Af t er SW H ) AP( W 0 0 Bef or e Ref ar m ng( N ) i SN Af t er Ref ar m ng& or e i Bef SW N ) AP( SN Af t er SW H ) AP( W 0 0 0 0 0 0 M on. W ed. 0 Sat. 0 0 0 M on. Tues. Sat .Performance Overview. M on. Thurs. Sat . Sat. Fri . Fri . Fri . W ed. Sun. Tues. Tues. Sun. % EDGE Ret r ansm ssi on DL i 0 0 % ED E Ret r ansm ssi on U G i L 0 0 Bef or e Ref ar m ng( N ) i SN 0 0 % 0 0 0 Af t er Ref ar m ng& or e i Bef SW N ) AP( SN Af t er SW H ) AP( W 0 % 0 Bef or e Ref ar m ng( N ) i SN Af t er Ref ar m ng& ef or e i B SW N ) AP( SN Af t er SW H ) AP( W M on. Fri . Thurs. Thurs. Sun. W ed.

W ed. Tues. Sat.GSM PS %M 00 CS _ 00 0 0 0 % 0 0 Bef or e Ref ar m ng( N ) i SN Af t er Ref ar m ng& or e i Bef SW N ) AP( SN Af t er SW H ) AP( W M on. Thurs. 3 3 0 0 HUAWEI Confidential Page 67 . Sun.Performance Overview. Fri .

06.April 2006 Thank You www. . LTD.com www.huawei.huawei.com HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..