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e2 f a V 2 a e1 f1
In otherwords, the element 0aH has an inverse with respect to (e1,e2) if and only if a has also an inverse with respect (f1, f2). Proof : Let Ve1 (a) . Then there exists a pair (c,d) Ve1(a). Hence by the definition of inverse relative to the identity pair (e1,e2) is e1+ca = e2+da Since (f1, f2) is an identity pair, x+x1f1 = xf2 and x+f1x = f2x for all xH. Then e1+e1f1 = e1f2 and e2+e2f1 = e2f2. Also, since (e1, e2) is an identity pair, then f1+f1e1 = f1e2 and f2+f2e1=f2e2. implies f1e1 + f1(ca) = f1e2 +f1 (da) f1 ca = f1 + f1 da also f2e1 + f2 (ca) = f2 e2 + f2 (da) f2ca = f2 + f2 da From and , f1 + f1 da + f2 ca = f1 ca + f2 + f2 da = f2 + f1ca + f2 da f1+(f1d+f2c) a = f2 + (f1c+f2d) a Hence, f1+xa = f2 + ya, for some x, yH. Similarly, we can show that f1+ar = f2+as for some r,sH. Hence from the lemma 3.1.1, it follows that V f1(a) This converse part follows similarly. Hence the result. Theorem 3.1.3: (a) (b) A division hemiring H has no zero divisors. A division hemiring H is multiplicatively cancellative.
f2 e2 e2
MAY-2012 . Sr. TAMILNADU. PETER’S INSTITUTE OF HIGHER EDUCATION AND RESEARCH (Declared Under section 3 of the UGC Act.NO: SP11MALA30 Under the Guidance of Mrs.GAYATHRI REG. N.IDEALS IN SEMIRING Dissertation submitted to St. CHENNAI-600 054.Sc..GOLDEN STEPHA M.Peter’s University in Partial fulfillment for the award of MASTER OF PHILOSOPHY IN MATHEMATICS By V.Lecturer.Phil. INDIA. M.1956) AVADI..PETER’S UNIVERSITY ST. Department of Mathematics ST.