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lPph eqPph

tu vkanksyuksa ds jk"Vªh; leUo; dh if=dk twu 2012
tu vkanksyuksa ds jk"Vªh; leUo; dh if=dk
twu 2012
tu vkanksyuksa ds jk"Vªh; leUo; dh if=dk twu 2012 dwMudqye ds fuokfl;ksa us viuk oksV nsus

& D;k dwMudqye ds yksxksa dh vkokt+ ljdkj lqusxh\

& tc nqfu;k ds fodflr ns’k ijek.kq ÅtkZ ij vadq’k yxk jgs gSa] tSls fd] tkiku us vius lHkh ijek.kq ÅtkZ?kj can

dj fn;s gSa] rks fQj Hkkjr ljdkj D;ksa

ijek.kqq ÅtkZ dk;Zdez dks c<+kus ds fy, vM+h gq;h gS\

fo"k; lwph 1- jks- ikyf'kdj! eq>s [ksn gS--------------------------- 3 2- lkekftd ewY;ksa vkSj lekurk ij
fo"k; lwph
1- jks- ikyf'kdj! eq>s [ksn gS--------------------------- 3
2- lkekftd ewY;ksa vkSj lekurk ij lEiUu gq;k
lkewfgd fookg------------------------------------------------------ 8
3- cM+s cka/k ds fojks/k esa cSBs vUnksykUdfj;ks ij
vle ljdkj dh neukRed dk;Zokgh----------10
4- ljgnh xka/kh% xka/kh dk Qfj'rk-----------------12
5- lektokn ds fy, gekjh izfrc)rk---------15
6- jkftUnj lPpj Hkh gks ldrs jk"Vªifr----19
7- xjhc efgyk dks lkM+h forj.k------------------22
8- vk'kk vkJe ij yaxj esa [kpZ-------------------23
9- lks'kfyLV ikVhZZ ¼bafM;k½ & mRrj izns'k fo/kku
lHkkvksa ds pquko 2012 esa mEehnokjksa dk C;ksjk- 24
10- jensbZ ds fuokZpu {ks= 161 l.Mhyk esa izR;k’kh
gsrq [kpZ dk O;ksjk---------------------------------25
11- risfnd ¼Vhch½ vc ,d lwpuh; jksx-----27
lPph eqPph
o"kZ 11
vad 6
twu 2012
lEiknd e.My
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jktho ;kno 9452800752
'kkguokt+ vkye 9415254919
bZesy% ashaashram@yahoo.com
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lg;ksx jkf'k% :i;s 10 ek=
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okf"kZd lg;ksx jkf'k euhvkMZj }kjk O;oLFkkidh; irs
ij HkstsaA
jks- ikyf'kdj! eq>s [ksn gS & M‚- vkacsMdj
jks- ikyf'kdj!
eq>s [ksn gS
& M‚- vkacsMdj

vki ds

dk;kZy; esa rFkkdfFkr fjifCydu

}kjk esjs

dkVwZu dks ysdj tks rksM+QksM+ dh

x;h mlds fy, eq>s cgqr [ksn gS- eq>s fo'okl gS fd 'kk;n os ugha tkurs fd mUgksaus D;k fd;k gS- bl fy, vki mUgsa ekQ dj nas- muds bl R; ij eSa Hkh cgqr

nq[kh

D;ksa

ikVhZ

çks- ikyf'kdj dy

ds

pkj lnL;ksa

gw¡

fd

mUgksaus ,slk

fd;k- eSa le> ugha ik jgk gw¡ fd

,slk djds

vkn'kZ dh iwrhZ dh gS- eSa rks thou

Hkj nfyrksa ds cksyus dh vktknh

dh yMkbZ

nfyr lfn;ksa ls pqIih dk f'kdkj jgs gSa- mUgsa lfn;ksa ls xwaxs cgjs cuk dj j[kk x;k Fkk- os lfn;ksa

ls lHkh çdkj dk vieku lg dj pqi jgus ds fy, ck/; fd;s x,- eSaus Hkh ;g lc >syk- i<+ fy[k dj eSa mudh tqcku cuk vkSj eSaus

jgk D;ksafd

ls

mUgksaus esjs dkSu

yM+rk

mUgsa tqcku nsus

dh

thou Hkj

dksf'k'k dh- ijUrq

dy mUgksaus

twu 2012

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vki ds lkFk ,slk djds esjh tqcku gh can dj nh-

ugha! eSa pqi ugha jg ldrk- eSa bl ?kVuk ij vo'; cksyw¡xk D;ksafd ;g lc dqN esjs uke ij fd;k x;k gS- eq>s irk pyk gS fd ;g lc ,d iqLrd esa esjs ls lEcaf/kr ,d dkVwZu dks ysdj fd;k x;k gS- bl esa eq>s viekfur fd;s tkus dk cgkuk ysdj igys rks

ikfyZvkesaV esa

mRlkgh

vuq;kf;vksa us fnuHkj gaxkek fd;k

vkSj lnu dk dke dke dkt ugha pyus fn;k- dqN us rks iqLrd dks rS;kj djus okys fo}kuksa ij ,llh

,lVh

dk;e djds

varxZr eqdnek

dkjZokgh djus dh

ekax dj Mkyh- esjs ,d 'kqHkfpard us rks bu iqLrdksa dks rS;kj djus okyh laLFkk dks gh Hkax djus dk ç'ku mBk fn;k- eq>s ;g lc tku dj cgqr nq%[k gqvk gS- eSa rks thou

Hkj iqLrd çseh jgk gw¡ vkSj eSaus thou Hkj viuh ykbZczsjh esa lHkh çdkj dh iqLrdksa dk laxzg fd;k vkSj mUgsa i<+k Hkh Fkk - vc vxj

esjs

iqLrd dks

çfrcaf/kr djus dh ekax dh tkrh gS rks vki vanktk yxk ldrs gSa

fd bl ls eq>s fdruk d"V gksxk-

esjs

vfr

,DV

ds

uke

ij

fdlh

eq>s mEehn Fkh fd tc lnu esa ljdkj us fdlh vkSfpR; ij fopkj

fd;s fcuk oksV dh jktuhfr ds varxZr dsoy dqN yksxksa ds ncko esa iqLrd esa ls ml dkVwZu dks fudky nsus dk vk'oklu ns fn;k Fkk rks mUgsa 'kkar gks tkuk pkfg, Fkk ijUrq mUgsa bl ls Hkh larqf"V ugha feyh vkSj dy mUgksaus vki ds dk;kZy; esa vk dj rksM+QksM+ dh dkjZokgh dh tks fd esjs nqvkjk vius fojksf/k;ksa ds reke dVk{kksa vkSj vkykspuk;ksa dks /kS;Z ls lquus vkSj 'kkyhurk ls mudk mÙkj nsus ds LoHkko dk vieku gS- eSaus rks vius thou esa fdrus dVk{kksa vkSj vkykspukvks dk lkeuk fd;k Fkk ijUrq eSa us dHkh Hkh viuk ekufld larqyu ugh [kks;k Fkk- eSa rks thou Hkj okYVs;j ds ml dFku dk dk;y jgk gw¡ ftl esa mlus dgk Fkk ]" eSa vki ls lger u gksrs gq, Hkh vki ds ,slk dgus ds vf/kdkj dh vk[kjh lkal rd j{kk d:¡xk-" eSaus xk¡/kh] usg#] iVsy u tkus fdrus yksxksa ls xaHkhj eqíksa ij cglsa dh Fkha ijUrq eSaus dHkh Hkh fojksf/k;ksa ds dFku dks nckus dh dksf'k'k ugha dh cfYd ges'kk rdZ vkSj rF;ksa lfgr 'kkyhurkiwoZd mudk mÙkj fn;k Fkk - eSaus rks xk¡/kh th dks Hkh igyh ehfVax esa gh dgk Fkk] "vxj vki eq>s ekjuk pkgrs gSa rks fl)karks ls ekfj;s Hkkouk;ksa ls ugha- " vc vxj dqN yksx esjs uke ij okrkZyki dk jkLrk NksM+ dj

rksM+QksM+ dk jkLrk viukrs gSa rks

;g

fcydqy

f[kykQ gS-

esjs

fl)karksa

ds

ysdj ;s lc

og

dkVwZu rks ƒ‹†‹ esa esjs lkeus gh Nik Fkk- eSaus Hkh mls ns[kk Fkk vkSj

ftl dkVwZu dks gaxkek [kM+k fd;k

x;k

gS

Hkh

vkUnksyu fd;s os lHkh 'kkafr iw.kZ vkSj dkuwu ds nk;js esa gh Fks- eSa us dHkh Hkh fgalk vkSj rksM+QksM+ dh lykg ugha nh Fkh- esjs uke ij rksM+QksM+ djus okyksa dks eSa lykg nwaxk fd os esjs lafo/kku vaxhdkj ds volj ij fn, Hkk"k.k ds ml

vius thou dky

esa

tks

mles 'kadj ds lafo/kku fuekZ.k dh /kheh xfr dks ysdj fd;s x, O;ax vkSj fpark dks Hkh igpkuk Fkk- eq>s ;g cgqr vPNk yxk Fkk- usg# vkSj ge nksuksa gh lafo/kku fuekZ.k dh /kheh xfr dks ysdj fpafrr jgrs Fks ijUrq lafo/kku fuekZ.k dh çfØ;k esa ,slk gksuk LokHkkfod Fkk- ckn esa

va'k dks t:j i<+ ysa ftl esa eSaus dgk Fkk] "gesa lR;kxzg] vlg;ksx vkSj voKk ds rjhdks dks NksM+ nsuk pkfg,- tc lkekftd vkSj vkfFkZd m)s';ksa dks laoS/kkfud rjhds ls çkIr djus ds lk/ku u cps gksa rks rks xSj laoS/kkfud rjhds viukus dk dqN vkSfpR; gks ldrk gS-

eSaus „‡ uoEcj] ƒ‹†‹ dks lafo/kku

ijUrq

tgk¡

laoS/kkfud

rjhds

dks vaxhdkj djus okys Hkk"k.k esa

miyC/k gksa

rks

xSj

laoS/kkfud

lafo/kku fuekZ.k esa yxs le; ds

rjhdksa dks

viukus

dk

dksbZ

vkSfpR; ds ckjs esa lQkbZ Hkh nh Fkh- eq>s Kkr gqvk gS fd mä dkVwZu okyh iqLrd esa Hkh lafo/kku fuekZ.k dh /kheh xfr ds dkj.kksa dk

vkSfpR; ugha gks ldrk- ;g rjhds vjktdrk dk O;kdj.k gSa vkSj bUgsa ftruh tYnh NksM+ fn;k tk;s mruk gh gekjs fy, vPNk gksxk-"

mYys[k fd;k x;k Fkk vkSj dkVwZu ds ek/;e ls bl ds ckjs esa Nk=ksa

eq>s vkt ;g ns[k dj cgqr nq%[k

ls ç'ku

dkVwZu esa esjs vieku ds uke ij rksM+QksM+ vkSj gaxkek djus okyksa us Hkh iqLrd esa dkVwZu ds lU/kHkZ dks i<+k gksrk rks 'kk;n os ,slk ugha

djrs-

iwNk

x;k

Fkk- dk'k

!

eSaus thou Hkj fojks/k ds lafo/kkfud rjhdksa dh gh odkyr dh Fkh- eSaus

gksrk gS tc eSa ns[krk gw¡ fd gekjs

ns'k

ljdkjh vkSj xSj ljdkjh rkSj ij nckus dh fdruh dksf'k'k dh tk jgh gS- eSa tkurk gw¡ fd ge yksxksa

us lafo/kku esa vfHkO;fä dh Lora=rk dk lekos'k fdruh mEehn ds lkFk fd;k Fkk- vkt eSa ns[krk gw¡ fd dqN yksx vius la[;kcy ;k

vkokt dks

esa

fojks/k dh

ckgqcy ls detksj yksxksa dh lgh vkokt dks nckus esa lQy gks tkrs gSa- vkt dh ljdkjsa Hkh blh çdkj

ekax mBk nsa rks nfyrksa ds ikl bl ds fojks/k dk D;k rdZ cpsxk-

ls turk dh vkokt dks nck nsrh

eSa le>rk

gw¡

fd

esjs

nfyr

gSa- gekjs ns'k esa ls rdZ vkSj cgl

vuq;k;h ,slk

D;ksa

djrs

gSa-

eSa

[k+Re gks pqdk gS- eSa

tkurk gw¡ fd dqN yksx /keZ vFkok

vkgr

lEçnk; dh Hkkoukvksa ds

dk ekgkSy

tkurk gw¡ fd os esjk fdruk lEeku djrs gSa- os eq> ls HkkoukRed rkSj ij fdl lhek rd tqM+s gq, gSa-

gksus dh ckr dj ds nwljksa dh vkokt dks nck nsrs gSa- eSaus ns[kk gS fd fdl rjg dqN yksxksa us gks gYyk djds f'kokth ij fy[kh

tc dHkh dksbZ Hkh mUgsa esjs ckjs esa dqN Hkh lgh ;k xyr crk nsrk gS rks os HkM+d tkrs gSa vkSj bl çdkj dh dkjZokgh dj cSBrs gSa- bl esa

x;h iqLrd] rlyhek uljhu rFkk

mudk dlwj

ugha

gSa-

os

vius

lyeku j'nh nqvkjk fy[kh x;h

usrkvksa

nqvkjk xqejkg dj

fn,

iqLrdksa dks çfrcaf/kr djok fn;k Fkk- bu yksxksa us rks eq>s Hkh ugha

tkrs gSa- muesa ls rks cgqrksa us eq>s iwjh rjg ls i<+k Hkh ugha gS- vr%

c['kk Fkk- vki dks ;kn gksxk fd tc egkj"Vª ljdkj us esjh

os nwljksa nqvkjk funsZf'kr gks tkrs gSa- eq>s yxrk gS nfyrksa us esjs "

vçdkf'kr iqLrd "fjMYl bu

f'kf{kr djks]

la?k"kZ

djks

vkSj

fgUnqbTe' dks çdkf'kr djok;k Fkk

la?kfVr djks " ukjs dks lgh :i esa

rks fdl çdkj dqN yksxksa us bls fgUnw rFkk fgUnw nsoh nsork fojks/kh

le>k ugha gS- eq>s ;g Hkh ns[k dj cgqr nq%[k gksrk gS fd esjs uke ij

dg dj bls çfrcaf/kr djus dh

vkt

fdl

çdkj

dh nfyr

ekax mBkbZ Fkh- ;g rks esjs nfyr

jktuhfr gks jgh

gS-

esjs nqvkjk

vuq;kf;vksa vkSj cqf)thfo;ksa dk gh

cgqr mEehn ds lkFk cuk;ha x;h

ç;kl Fkk fd mUgksaus bl ds i{k esa

fjicfYdu ikVhZ vkt fdrus VqdM+ksa

cEcbZ esa Hkkjh tu çn'kZu djds bls cpk fy;k Fkk- ijUrq dy mUgksaus tks dqN fd;k gS og rks vfHkO;fä dh Lora=rk ds fcydqy f[kykQ gS- dy vxj dqN yksx esjs nqvkjk fy[kh x;h iqLrdksa esa

vkSj mlds usrk

O;fäxr ykHk ds fy, fdl rjg ds fl)kUrghu ,oa voljoknh xB tksM+ dj ys jgs gSa- os nfyrksa ds eqíksa ds LFkku ij fo'kq) oksV cSad vkSj lÙkk dh jktuhfr dj jgs gSa

esa caV pqdh gS

vafdr vkykspuk dks

ysdj esjh

vkSj yksxksa dk HkkoukRed 'kks"k.k

iqLrdksa

dks çfrcaf/kr

djus dh

dj jgs gSa- bl dkVwZu ds ekeys esa Hkh ,slk gh gks jgk gS-

eq>s ;g ns[k dj cgqr d"V gksrk gS fd esjs dqN vfrmRlkgh vkSj vKkuh vuq;kf;;ksa us eq>s dsoy nfyrksa dk gh elhgk cuk dj j[k fn;k gS- eSa rks iwjs jk"Vª dk gw¡- eSaus tc Lora=rk] lekurk vkSj ca/kqRo

;g dsoy

nfyrksa ds fy, gh ugha dh Fkh- eSaus bls ns'k ds lHkh yksxksa ds fy, ek¡xk Fkk- eSaus tc fgUnw dksM fcy cuk;k Fkk rks eSaus bl esa lEiw.kZ fgUnw ukjh dh eqfä dh ckr mBkbZ Fkh- gk¡ eSaus nfyrksa dks dqN fo'ks"k

vf/kdkj t:j fnyk;s Fks tks fd mudks lekurk dk vf/kdkj çkIr djkus ds fy, t:jh Fks- vr% esjk vius vuq;kf;vksa vkSj ç'kaldksa ls vuqjks/k gS fd os eq>s ,d tkfr ds nk;js esa u cka/k dj iwjs jk"Vª ds Qyd ij ns[ksa-

dh

ckr

dh

Fkh

rks

Hkh

vuqjks/k djrk gw¡ fd os esjs thou

n'kZu

lgh rjhds ls tkusa vkSj mUgsa vius

vkpj.k

Li"V rkSj ij le> ysuk pkfg, fd mudh vfHkO;fä dh Lora=rk rHkh lqjf{kr jgsxh tc os nwljksa

Hkh

eSa vius vuq;kf;;ksa ls ;g

vkSj esjs

thou ewY;ksa dks

mUgsa ;g

esa mrkjsa-

dh Lora=rk dh j{kk djsaxs vU;Fkk

Qklhokn vkSj

os

ns'k

esa

c<+rs

dh j{kk djsaxs vU;Fkk Qklhokn vkSj os ns'k esa c<+rs dêjiaFk dks gh etcwr djsaxs- esjs

dêjiaFk dks gh etcwr djsaxs- esjs uke ij jktuhfr djus okys

usrkvksa ls Hkh eq>s dguk gS fd os nfyrksa dk HkkoukRed 'kks"k.k] oksV

dh jktuhfr ds

LFkku ij eqnksa ij vk/kkfjr ewy

ifjorZu dh jktuhfr djsa ftl ls u dsoy nfyrksa cfYd lHkh Hkkjrokfl;ksa dk dY;k.k gksxk-

cSad vkSj tkfr

çks- ikyf'kdj ! vUr% esa eSa vki ds

lkFk

esjs

rFkkdfFkr

dqN

vuq;kf;;ksa

}kjk

fd;s

x,

nqoZ~;ogkj ds fy, iqu% [ksn çdV djrk gw¡-

,l- vkj- nkjkiqjh

ys[kd lsok fuo`Rr vkbZ0ih0,l0 vf/kdkjh] ofj"B lkekftd dk;ZdrZk vkSj lPph eqPph lEiknd eaMy esa Hkh gSaA

lkekftd ewY;ksa vkSj lekurk ij lEiUu gq;k lkewfgd fookg vk'kk ifjokj us LFkkuh; lg;ksx ls
lkekftd ewY;ksa vkSj lekurk
ij lEiUu gq;k lkewfgd fookg
vk'kk ifjokj us LFkkuh; lg;ksx
ls lhrkiqj ds xzke lHkk pkaniqj
{ks= esa lkekftd ewY;ksa vkSj
lekurk ij vk/kkfjr ,d vuks[kk
lkewfgd fookg dk;Zdze lEiUu
fd;k ftlesa gj uo&tksM+s us ,d
lkjxfHkZr 'kiFk yh] tks dkuiqj ds
ofj"B xka/khoknh dk;ZdrkZ egs”k
HkkbZ us fy[kh FkhA
gj ckjkr esa vf/kdre
60 yksx Fks] esgeku xkWo
ds Ldwy esa Bgjs] VsaV vkSj
Hkkstu lcus ckWaVkA dksbZ
Hkh /keZxq: mifLFkr ugha
Fkk vkSj u, tksM+s us
Jh
uohu
frokjh
ds vkfFkZd
yksxksa ds lkeus 'kknh dh
lg;ksx : 15]000 ls gj u, tksM+s
;g ‘kiFk yh%
dks ,d lkfbdy HksaV nh x;h] vkSj

Jh

lg;ksx : 7]500 ls gj tksM+s dks

ds vkfFkZd

lq/kkdj jsM~Mh

,d yksgs dk cDlk fn;k x;kA

;g lkewfgd fookg dk dk;Zdze rc lEHko gq;k tc vk'kk ifjokj ds lkFk tqM+s leqnk; ds iRFkj dkVus dk dk;Z djus okys eqUukyky us] tks nfyr ifjokj ls gSa] mudks viuh yM+dh dk C;kg djuk FkkA eqUukyky th us vusd yksxksa dks] ftudks viuh cPpksa dh 'kknh djuh Fkh] le>k;k fd O;FkZ iSlk xokWaus ls csgrj gS fd osa lc

feydj lkewfgd fookg vk;ksftr djsaA

pkaniqj

xzkelHkk] rglhy

Cykd jkeiqj eFkqjk] ftyk lhrkiqj

esa

lEiUu

vf/kdre 60 yksx Fks] esgeku xkWo ds Ldwy esa Bgjs] VsaV vkSj Hkkstu

lcus

mifLFkr ugha Fkk vkSj u, tksM+s us yksxksa ds lkeus 'kknh dh ;g “kiFk

yh%

/keZxq:

lkewfgd fookg dk;Zdze gq;kA gj ckjkr esa

17

Qjojh

2012

dks

egewnkckn]

;g

ckWaVkA dksbZ

Hkh

'kknh gsrq 'kiFk ij mifLFkr lHkh yksxks dks lk{kh ekudj ;s 'kiFk ysrs gS fd-----
'kknh gsrq 'kiFk ij mifLFkr lHkh yksxks dks lk{kh ekudj ;s 'kiFk ysrs gS fd-----

'kknh gsrq 'kiFk

ij

mifLFkr lHkh yksxks dks lk{kh ekudj ;s 'kiFk ysrs gS fd-----

ge nksuksa

izd`fr vkSj

;gka

yM+ds }kjk 'kiFk--

Hkj

¼yM+dh dk uke½ dk lq[k&nq[k esa lkFk fuHkkÅaxk A 2- eSa u dHkh 'kjkc fiÅaxk vkSj u gh dHkh viuh iRuh dks ihVwaxk A 3- eSa vius lHkh cPPkksa] fcuk yM+ds yM+dh esa Hksn fd,] dks i<kÅaxk A

1-

eSa

ftUnxh

4- esjh lEifRr esa esjh iRuh dh vk/kh Hkkxhnkjh gksxh A 5- eSa fdlh Hkh egRroiw.kZ fu.k;Z vkSj dk;Z esa viuh iRuh dks cjkcj dk Hkkxhnkj j[kwaxk A 6- eSa viuh iRuh dh lEeku vkSj vfHkO;fDr dh LorU=rk dk vknj d:axk A

yM+dh }kjk 'kiFk---

Hkj

¼yM+ds dk uke½ ds lq[k&nq[k esa lkFk fuHkkÅaxh A 2- eS fdlh Hkh egRroiw.kZ fu.k;Z vkSj dk;Z esa ifr dsa lkFk Hkkxhnkjh d:axh A

1-

eSa

ftUnxh

cM+s cka/k ds fojks/k esa cSBs vkUnksyUkdkfj;ksa ij vle ljdkj fd neukRed dk;Zokgh vle ds
cM+s cka/k ds fojks/k esa cSBs
vkUnksyUkdkfj;ksa ij vle
ljdkj fd neukRed dk;Zokgh
vle ds y[kheiqj
ftys
esa
fiNys dbZ eghuks ls —"kd
eqfä laxzke lfefr ,ose vU;
ukS laxBuks }kjk uhpys
lqcufljh ij cuk;s tk jgs
cM+s cka/k dk fojks/k djus okys
vUnksykUdfj;ks ij ƒƒ ebZ dks
iqfyl }kjk tcjnLr neukRed
dk;Zokgh dh xbZ gS- lqcufljh
esa cuk;s tk jgs cM+s cka/k dks
ysdj tulaxBuks dk vkUnksyu
dks cM+s iSekus ij vke turk
dk leFkZu gkfly gks jgk gS
ftlds pyrs cka/k
dks cuk;s
tkus dh lkexzh
dks
ys tkus

okys ekxksZ ij vUnksykUdfj;ks us fiNys ikap eghus ls ukdscanh dh gqbZ gS- bldks ysdj vle ljdkj dkQh ijs'kku Fkh- dHkh vUnksykUdfj;ks dks ukDlkyh rks

ls

dHkh vkradoknh djkj djus

vle ljdkj xqjst ugha dj jgh

Fkh- vkUnksyu dk usr`Ro

djus

okys vf[ky xksxksbZ

dks ij

dbZ

us

tsy esa Hkh fu#) fd;k ysfdu

ckj ljdkj

>wVs

eqdnes dj

tukanksyu ds ncko

vf[ky xksxksbZ dks mUgsa tYnh gh NksM+uk iM+k-

pyrs

ds

fd

lqcufljh unh ij cuk;s tk jgk

ekudks dk

mYy?ku djrs gS vkSj bl cka/k ds cuus ls vle vkSj v#.kkapy ds

cka/k lHkh i;kZoj.k

vUnksykUnfj;ks dh ekax gS

vla[; ijEijkxr yksxks dh vkthfodk Nhu tk,xh vkSj cM+s iSekus esa i;ZokfuZ;s ladV iSnk gks tk;sxk- vkUnksyudkjh bl ck¡/k ij ,d mPp Lrjh; tkap dh ekax dj jgs gS- ysfdu bl vkSj vHkh rd vle ljdkj dk /;ku ugha tk jgk gS o~ yxkrkj bl vkUnksyu dks dqpyus ds fy, /kjuk LFky ij ,d eghus ls ljdkj }kjk iqfyl Nkouh rS;kj dh tk jgh Fkh-

KkrO;

v#.kkpy çns'k esa fl;kax oknh esa vUnksykUdfj;ks }kjk cka/k ds fojks/k esa ts ih daiuh ds dbZ xkfM+;k]

v‚fQl vkSj tk¡p ?kj rd tyk

fn, xbZ Fks- bu lc vkUnksyu ds eísutj ,d g¶rs ckn gh ç/kku

ea=h

vkSj v#Upay dk nkSjk dj ehfM;k ds le{k ;g c;ku fn;k Fkk dh v#.kkapy o vle esa cM+s ca/kks dks

ysdj py

jgs vUnksyksuks }kjk

eueksgu flag us vle

dks

gks

dh

ƒ6

vçSy

Jh

mBk;s tk jgs lokyks ij fopkj

fd;k

dh

o

leh{kk dh tk,xh-

tk;sxk

bu

ca/kks

ysfdu ;g foMEcuk gS fd ç/kku

ea=h }kjk

bl vk'oklu

ds

ckotwn

Hkh

vUnksykUdfj;ks

ij

neukRed dk;Zokgh dh xbZ- iqfyl

}kjk

ƒƒ

ebZ

dks

lHkh

vUnksykUdfj;ks

dh

csjgeh

ls

fiVkbZ dh xbZ o yxHkx nl vkUnksyudkjh bl le; ykirk gS- vuksykUdfj;ks ds ?kjks esa ?kql dj iqfyl }kjk vUnksykUdfj;ks ds ifjokjksa ds lkFk Hkh neu fd;k tk jgk gS- efgykvks ds lkFk Hkh dkQh vHkærk dh xbZ gS- ;g lc rc gqvk tc ns'k ds ç/kku ea=h bl {ks= dk nkSjk djus ds ckn ykSVs- bl neukRed dk;Zokgh ls rks ;gh yxrk gS fd Lo;a ç/kku ea=h us vUnksykUdfj;ks ls MaMs ls fuiVus ds fy, jkT; ljdkj dks funsZ'k fn, gS- bl rjg dh neukRed dk;Zokgh ds ckotwn Hkh vHkh rd cka/k LFky ij fuekZ.k lkexzh dks igq¡pus ugha fn;k tk jgk gS- "kd eqfä laxzke lfefr us ?kks"k.kk dh gS fd vxj ljdkj ckrphr ds ctk; neu ij mrk: gksxh rks çns'k O;kih vkUnksyu 'kq: gksxk- bl iqfyfl;k dkjokgh ij ƒ… ebZ dks vUnksykUdfj;ks us ,d fnolh; can dk Hkh vkgoku fd;k Fkk-

jksek

ysf[kdk ofj"B lkekftd dk;ZdrZk] tu vkanksyuksa ds jk"Vªh; leUo; dh leUo;d] vkSj lPph eqPph lEiknd e.My esa Hkh gSaA

ljgnh xka/kh% xka/kh dk Qfj'rk
ljgnh xka/kh% xka/kh dk Qfj'rk

xka/kh ftank gSa xka/kh gksuk] u gksuk vkSj cu tkuk fQYeksa esa fdrus ftank gSa xka/kh\ vksckek% xka/kh xka/kh jVrs jVrs xka/kh Hk;k u dks, usYlu eaMsyk% v'osrksa dk xka/kh lw ph% la?k"kZ dh vkap ij rirk lp ekfVZu ywFkj fdax vkSj vesfjdk ds fy, mudk [okc ikd ls [kwu ls cudj vk;k xka/kh dk lans'k

xka/khokfn;ksa dh iwjh tekr gS- iwjh nqfu;k esa gS- vkSj rc ls gS tc ls xka/kh gq,- ysfdu nwljk xka/kh ,d gh gqvk] ljgnh xka/kh- [kku vCnqy x¶Qkj [kku us xka/khokn dks bl dnj vkRelkr fd;k fd yksx mUgsa xka/kh gh dgus yxs-

rks yxHkx

[kkyh Fkh- T;knk yksx ugha mrjs- fQj Hkh egkRek xka/kh us ftls ykus

Hkstk

ugha fn[ks-

xkM+h fnYyh igqaph

Fkk]

og

dgha

mudk Hkstk vkneh gj fMCcs esa tk

tkdj ns[kus yxk- ,d [kkyh fMCcs esa ,d lTtu cSBs cSBs lks jgs Fks- [kku vCnqy x¶Qkj [kku dks igpkudj ml vkneh us mBk;k- [kka lkgc us ekQh ekaxrs gq, dgk fd yack lQj gqvk rks vka[k yx

xbZ- ml vkneh us dgk fd vki ysV D;ksa ugha x,] xkM+h rks [kkyh gh Fkh- [kka lkgc us tokc fn;k]

*oks

esjk fVdV

Lyhij dk ugha Fkk uk-*

eSa

dSls djrk]

dnj viuh

ftanxh esa mrkjus okyh 'kk;n gh dksbZ vkSj 'kf[l;r feys- [kku ds

xka/khokn dks

bl

cuk, laxBu [kqnkbZ f[knerxkj

dks Hkkjr esa fQj ls [kM+k djus okys QSly [kku ;kn djrs gSa] "xka/khth ds lfpo egknso nslkbZ us ,d ckj dgk Fkk fd viuh [kwfc;ksa dh otg ls x¶Qkj [kka rks xka/kh th ls Hkh vkxs fudy x, gSa-"

[kku vCnqy x¶Qkj [kku dh xka/kh ls rqyuk mudh 'kq#vkrh rdjhj ls 'kq: gks tkrh gS- bl rdjhj esa og vfgalk dks bLyke dh ewy Hkkouk crkrs gSa- muds 'kCnksa esa] ^bl ij esjh :g ;dhu djrh gS- bLyke ;gh rks gS] vey] ;dhu vkSj eksgCcr-*

ljgnh xka/kh us ljgn ij jgus

vfgalk dk

bfrgkl

jkLrk

okys mu iBkuksa

dks

fn[kk;k]

ftUgsa

dks ,d lh[k nh Fkh- mUgksaus dgk Fkk] "eSa vkidks ,d ,slk gfFk;kj nsus tk jgk gwa ftlds lkeus dksbZ iqfyl vkSj dksbZ lsuk fVd ugha ik,xh- ;g eksgEen lkgc dk gfFk;kj gS ysfdu vki yksx blls okfdQ ugha gSa- ;g gfFk;kj gS lcz vkSj usdh- nqfu;k dh dksbZ rkdr bl gfFk;kj ds lkeus fVd ugha ldrh-" vxj bl lh[k dks dksbZ xka/khth dh lh[k dgdj crk ns] QdZ dj ikuk ukeqefdu gS-

tkusekus xka/khoknh vkykspd vkSj vkbZvkbZVh fnYyh ds çksQslj ohds f=ikBh ekurs gSa fd [kku vCnqy

esa

x¶Qkj [kku

xka/khokn dh vkRek dks ftank j[kk- og dgrs gSa] & *nks ckrsa gSa tks

fdlh

dks xka/khoknh

us

vius

la?k"kZ

Hkh

la?k"kZ

yM+kds ekurk jgk- ,d yk[k

cukrh gSa- ,d

rks vkanksyu

iBkuksa dks mUgksaus bl

jkLrs

ij

tuekul dk gksuk

pkfg, vkSj

pyus ds fy, bl dnj etcwr cuk fn;k fd os ejrs jgs] ij ekjus

ued

lR;kxzg ds nkSjku 23 vçSy 1930

dks x¶Qkj

tkus ds ckn [kqnkbZ f[knerxkjksa dk ,d tqywl is'kkoj ds fdLlk [okuh cktkj esa igqapk- vaxzstksa us mu ij xksyh pykus dk gqDe ns fn;k- 200 ls 250 yksx ekjs x,- ysfdu çfrfgalk ugha gqbZ- ljgnh xka/kh us vius [kqnkbZ f[knerxkjksa

fxj¶rkj gks

dks muds

gkFk

[kka

ugha mBs-

ds

nwljk mls vfgald gksuk pkfg,-

bl

dke dks csgn [kwclwjrh ls vatke fn;k-*

[kku vCnqy x¶Qkj

[kka

us

QSly [kku dgrs gSa fd ;g cgqr cM+h ckr Fkh fd [kka lkgc us xka/khokn dks bLyke ls tksM+s j[kk- bl otg ls u flQZ [kka lkgc dh Lohdk;Zrk c<+h cfYd xka/khokn ds nk;js c<+s- 'kk;n ;gh otg gS fd ,dukFk bZ'oju ckn'kkg [kka dh

thouh ^u‚u ok;ysaV lksYtj v‚Q

viuh M‚D;qesaVªh n ÝafV;j xka/kh%

bLyke* esa fy[krs gSa fd Hkkjr esa nks xka/kh Fks] ,d eksgunkl deZpan

ckn'kkg [kku] v V‚pZ v‚Q ihl ds ckjs esa crkrs gq, eSdyksgku us

vkSj nwljs [kku vCnqy x¶Qkj [kka-

fy[kk gS]

^nks

ckj

ukscsy 'kkafr

iqjLdkj ds

fy,

ukekafdr gq,

vly esa ckn'kkg [kku xka/khoknh

ckn'kkg

[kku

dh

ftanxh vkSj

jkLrs ij pyrs ugha Fks- og xka/kh

dgkuh ds ckjs esa yksx fdruk de

dks thrs Fks- 1969 esa egkRek xka/kh

tkurs gSa- 98 lky dh ftanxh esa

dh 100oha t;arh ds ekSds ij [kka

35

lky

mUgksaus tsy

esa

flQZ

lkgc us Hkkjrh; laln esa Hkk"k.k

blfy, fcrk, fd bl nqfu;k dks

fn;k- QSly [kka dgrs gSa fd ml

balku ds jgus dh

,d csgrj

Fks-

mUgksaus lkalnksa ls iwNk] ^eSa xka/kh

dk eqYd ns[kus vk;k gwa- eq>s

fn[kkvks lektokn dgka gS- eq>s

Hkk"k.k

esa

xka/kh gh

cksy

jgs

txg cuk ldsa- lkekftd U;k;] vktknh vkSj 'kkafr ds fy, ftl

rjg og thouHkj tw>rs jgs] og

mUgsa usYlu eaMsyk] ekfVZu ywFkj

fn[kkvks fdrus xjhc ;gka

gSa

fdax twfu;j vkSj

egkRek xka/kh

ftudh

ftanxh laHkyh

gS-

eq>s

tSls yksxksa ds cjkcj [kM+k djrh

fn[kkvks ;gka vkil esa fdruk I;kj

gSa-

[kku

dh

fojklr

vkt

ds

c<+k gS- eSa lquus ugha vk;k gwa] eSa ns[kus vk;k gwa-*

eqf'dy oä esa mEehn dh tykrh gS-*

ykS

muds 'kCn dg jgs Fks fd caVokjs vkSj egkRek xka/kh dh ekSr ds ckn

ysfdu Hkkjr

jRu

[kku vCnqy

Hkkjr xka/kh dh jkg ls HkVd jgk

x¶Qkj [kka

dh

Hkkjr

esa

dksbZ

gS- ysfdu ljgnh xka/kh us og jkg ugha NksM+h- blhfy, dukMk dh fQYedkj Vsjh eSdyksgku ckn'kkg [kku dks xka/kh dk vuq;k;h ek=

fojklr gS D;k\ fnYyh dh ftl x¶Qkj ekfdZV dk uke [kka lkgc ds uke ij j[kk x;k gS] dgrs gSa ogka nks uacj dk lkeku feyrk gS-

ugha ekurha] muds djrh gSa-

cjkcj [kM+k

[kqnkbZ f[knerxkj dks fQj [kM+k djus okys QSly [kku

fjiksVZ% foosd dqekj laiknu% , dqekj

Hkkjr lektokn ds fy, gekjh izfrc)rk dk D;k gqvk\ ds izLrkouk esa gh fy[kk gqvk

Hkkjr

lektokn ds fy, gekjh izfrc)rk dk D;k gqvk\

ds

izLrkouk esa gh fy[kk gqvk gS fd

Hkkjr ,d lEizHkq] lektoknh] /keZ

gSA

fdUrq tks O;oLFkk geus ykxw dh gS og iwathoknh T;knk gS lektoknh deA bl rdZ ds leFkZu esa dqN rF; j[ks tk ldrs gSa & Hkkjr esa

chp

fuisZ{k x.krkfa=d

lafo/kku dh

yksdra=

yxkrkj xjhc o vehj ds

c<+rh [kkbZ ftls vc MkW eueksgu flag o eksaVsd flag vgywokfy;k tSls vFkZ'kkL=h Hkh Lohdkj djrs

gSa] iSls ds cy ij csgrj lqfo/kk,a gkfly dh tk ldrh gSa] oxZ ds

HksnHkko dh

vk/kkj ij lekt esa O;oLFkk] bR;kfnA

mRrj izns'k esa lektoknh ikVhZ uked jktuhfrd ny lRRkklhu gqvk gS tks izfl+} lektoknh fopkjd MkW jke euksgj yksfg;k dks viuk vkn'kZ ekurk gSA vkb, ge fopkj djsa fd ;g ljdkj D;k&D;k dj ldrh gS ftlls ge de ls de iwathoknh O;oLFkk ds paxqy ls eqDr gksdj lektoknh O;oLFkk dh rjQ #[k dj ldrs gSaA

lcls igyk dke gksxk jktuhfrd fu.kZ; ysdj xjhc&vehj ds chp QdZ dks de djukA fiNys nks n'kd esa tcfd lsok {ks= dh vk; esa ianzg xq.kk dh c<+ksrjh gqbZ gS mlh vof/k esa U;wure etnwjh nks xq.kk ls FkksM+k T;knk gh c<+h gSA ,d yksdra= esa ;g vLohdk;Z gSA vlaxfBr {ks= dh U;wure vk; #- 11]000 izfr ekg ;k #- 440 izfr fnu gksuh pkfg,A eagxkbZ de gksuh pkfg, rkfd brus esa xqtkjk

Hkkjr ds lafo/kku dh izLrkouk esa gh fy[kk gqvk gS fd Hkkjr ,d

lEizHkq] lektoknh] /keZ fuisZ{k x.krkfa=d yksdra= gSA fdUrq tks

O;oLFkk geus ykxw dh

gS og iwathoknh T;knk gS lektoknh de

py ldsA U;wure etnwjh miHkksDrk ewY; lwpdkad ds vuqlkj ifjofrZr gksuh pkfg,A

fdlku dh U;wure vk; Hkh

gksuh

pkfg,] vkSj y?kq&lhekar d`f"k

jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k

ls

ogu dh tkuh pkfg,A d`f"k dks jk"Vªh; lsok dk ntkZ fn;k tkuk pkfg,A fdlku vkSj

fojks/kh

fn[kk dj ges'kk etnwjh dh c<+ksrjh jksdh tkrh jgh gSA fdUrq ;fn fdlku ij c<+h

etnwjh dk cks> u iM+s rks og

ugha

djsxkA MkW jke euksgj yksfg;k us dgk Fkk fd xjhc&vehj dh

vk; ds chp 1%10 ls T;knk dk vuqikr ugha gksuk pkfg,A mudk ;g Hkh ekuuk Fkk fd [kpZ ij lhek r; gksuh pkfg,A fdlku dks viuh mit dk ykHkdkjh ewY; feyuk pkfg, o isVªksy&Mhty] [kkn] dhVuk'kd dk ewY; fu;af=r gksuk pkfg, rkfd fdlku ds fy, d`f"k ?kkVs

etnwjh

etnwj ds

dh etnwjh

jkstxkj xkj.Vh dk;Zdze

11]000

#-

izfr

ekg

fgrksa

dks

c<+kus dk fojks/k

djsxkA MkW jke euksgj yksfg;k us dgk Fkk fd xjhc&vehj dh vk; ds chp 1%10 ls T;knk dk vuqikr ugha gksuk pkfg,A

mudk ;g Hkh ekuuk Fkk fd [kpZ ij lhek r; gksuh pkfg,A fdlku dks viuh

mit dk ykHkdkjh ewY;

feyuk pkfg, o isVªksy&Mhty] [kkn] dhVuk'kd dk ewY; fu;af=r

gksuk pkfg, rkfd fdlku ds

fy, d`f"k ?kkVs dk lkSnk u gks vkSj og dtZ esa Mwc vkRegR;k dh u lkspsA

dk lkSnk u gks vkSj og dtZ esa Mwc vkRegR;k dh u lkspsA

Hkwfe lq/kkj dM+kbZ ls ykxw gksuk pkfg,A MkW yksfg;k dk ,d vkSj O;ogkfjd fl)kar Fkk &

^tks tehu dks tksrs cks, ogh tehu dk ekfyd gks^A

vk; ds vU; lzksr gksus ij yksxksa

}kjk tehu dk ekfydkuk

NksM+uk vfuok;Z gksuh pkfg,A ,d

O;fDr dk ,d gh edku ;k Q~ySV

pkfg,A xjhch js[kk

cfYd vehjh js[kk r; djds flQZ

vehjksa ls gh pkfg,A

dj fy;k tkuk

gksuk

ugha]

gd

;fn ge vius dks yksdra= ekurs gSa rks 80 izfr'kr fctyh o vU; lkoZtfud lalk/ku xkaoksa ds fy, vkjf{kr gksus pkfg,A

Hkz"Vkpkj ij vadq'k yxkus ds fy, #- 500 o #- 1000 ds uksVksa dk izpyu can gksuk pkfg,A

f'k{kk] LokLF;

leku

leku f'k{kk iz.kkyh dk ckr Hkh yksdiky dh gh rjg ls yxHkx pkj n'kd ls mB jgh gS fdUrq ljdkjsa bl fl)kar dks ykxw djus ls cp jgh gSaA

,d

lcds fy,

vkSj eqQ~r

gksuh pkfg,A

Jsf.k;ksa esa

foHkktu] tSls jsy esa] lekIr gksuk

pkfg,A T;knk iSls nsdj csgrj lqfo/kkvksa dks izkIr djus dh O;oLFkk iwathoknh lksp dk fgLlk

oxZ

ds

vk/kkj

ij

gSA ;g lekIr gksuh pkfg,A vfr fof'k"V O;fDr dh Js.kh lekIr gksuh pkfg,A ;g /kkj.kk gh yksdra= ds f[kykQ gSA yksdra= esa lcdks cjkcj dk ntkZ feyuk pkfg,A 'kL= vk/kkfjr lqj{kk dk izpyu #duk pkfg,A iqfyl o lsuk dks NksM+ fdlh ds ikl 'kL= ugha gksus pkfg,A

dqiks"k.k ls fuiVus ds fy, lHkh

/kkfeZd LFkyksa o Lo;a lsoh laLFkkvksa

ds fy, yaxj pykuk vfuok;Z gksuk

pkfg,A lkoZtfud forj.k iz.kkyh dk yksd O;kihdj.k] ;kuh lHkh dks de dher ij vukt miyC/k gksuk

pkfg,A

'kjkc] rEckdw o ykWVjh ij izfrca/k yxuk pkfg,A ;s phtsa lekt dks uqdlku T;knk igqapkrh gSaA 'kkjkc

o ykWVjh ds vk; ds izyksHku ls ljdkjksa dks cpuk pkfg,A

lkbfdy dks NksM+ futh okguksa ij izfrca/k yxuk pkfg, vkSj lkoZtfud ;krk;kr dh O;oLFkk lqn`<+ gksuh pkfg,A oSls Hkh tc isVªksy&Mhty ds Hk.Mkj lekIr gksus ds djhc igqapsaxs] ftlesa 'kk;n 30&40 o"kZ gh 'ks"k jg x, gSa] rks ges fodYi <wa<uk gh iM+sxkA blls tyok;q ifjorZu ds ladV ls Hkh gesa mcjus esa enn feysxhA

nwj

pkfg,] ikuh eqQ~r gkuhs pkfg,] Hkwfe lkoZtfud gksuh pkfg, vkSj rjaxksa ;k vU; fdlh izkd`frd lalk/ku ij equkQk dekus ij izfrca/k gksuk pkfg,A

eqQ~r gksuh

lapkj dh

lsok

jkT; o ns'k ds Lrj ij fy, tkus okys QSlyksa dk xzke lHkkvksa o okMZ lHkkvksa ls vuqeksnu vfuok;Z gksuk pkfg,A T;knkrj QSlys LFkkuh; Lrj ij gksus ls turk dh lh/ks Hkkxhnkjh gks ldrh gSA ;kuh izfrfuf/k yksdra= ls gesa lgHkkxh yksdra= dh rjQ c<+uk pkfg,A

lkaln o fo/kk;d fuf/k lekIr gksuh pkfg, D;ksafd lkaln o fo/kk;d fo/kkf;dk dk fgLlk gSaA fodkl dk;ksZa dks fdz;kfUor djkuk dk;Zikfydk dk dke gSA ;s fuf/k;ka Hkz"Vkpkj dk lzksr cu xbZ gSaA

LVkWd ,Dlpsat o ok;nk dkjksckj can gksus pkfg,A budh otg ls cktkj esa t:jh phtksa ds nke vuko';d c<+ tkrs gSa vkSj Qk;nk flQZ fcpkSfy;ksa dk gksrk gSA

lfpoky; esa ukSdj'kkgksa ls feyus ds fy, ikl dh O;oLFkk lekIr gksuh pkfg,A ukSdj'kkg ;fn tu lsod gS rks og turk ls feyus ls dSls cp ldrk gS\ tc eq[; ea=h

jkT; o ns'k ds Lrj ij fy, tkus

okys QSlyksa dk xzke lHkkvksa o okMZ

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izfrfuf/k yksdra= ls gesa lgHkkxh

yksdra= dh rjQ c<+uk pkfg,

rd turk njckj yxk dj turk ls feyus dks rS;kj gSa rks ukSdj'kkg vius vki dks lfpoky; dh lqj{kk esa D;ksa can j[kuk pkgrs gSa\

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MkW0 lanhi ik.Ms;

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fiNys fnuksa fofHkUu jktuhfrd ny viuh&viuh ilan ds jk"Vªifr in gsrq uke izLrkfor djus esa

fiNys fnuksa fofHkUu jktuhfrd ny viuh&viuh ilan ds jk"Vªifr in gsrq uke izLrkfor djus esa yxs jgsA 'kq: esa ekuk tk jgk Fkk fd eqyk;e flag ;kno HkwriwoZ jk"Vªifr ,-ih-t-s vCnqy dyke ds uke dk leFkZu djsaxsA ;g /kkj.kk rc vkSj etcwr gks xbZ tc 'kjn iokj ds bl izLrko dk fd jk"Vªifr in dk mEehnokj xSj&jktuhfrd O;fDr gksuk pkfg, eqyk;e flag us leFkZu fd;kA fdUrq fQj eqyk;e flag bl ckr ls ihNs gVrs fn[ksA m/kj ykyw ;kno us mi jk"Vªifr gkfen valkjh ds uke dk izLrko jk"Vªifr in ds fy, j[k fn;kA ykyw ;kno dkaxzsl ds bruk utnhd gSa fd ,slk izrhr gqvk fd dkaxzsl dh ilan Hkh gkfen valkjh gh gksaA if'pe caxky ds HkwriwoZ jkT;iky xksiky d`".k xka/kh] ,-d-s ,aVuh] ehjk dqekj] lq'khy dqekj f'kans vkSj ;gka rd fd MkW eueksgu flag]ds uke Hkh ppkZ esa vk,A fdUrq vc ofj"B dkaxzslh usrk iz.ko eq[kthZ ds uke ij lgefr curh fn[kkbZ iM+ jgh gSA i{k&foi{k ds dbZ nyksa dks

vHkh rd ppkZ esa vk, lHkh ukeksa esa ls lcls Lohdk;Z uke ;gh ekywe iM+ jgk gSA

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u gh tqMk+ gks rks vPNk jgsxkA

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kk gtkjsA

tu uk;d gSa os gS v

mUgksaus yksdra= esa laln dh rkdr

ls lEizHkq turk dh rkdr gS ;g

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us Hkh mudks oks lEeku fn;k gS tks fdlh ;qx iq#"k dks feyuk pkfg,A dk;ns ls rks lHkh nyksa dks v kk

ds fy, loZ lEefr ls jk"Vªifr in

kk us

NksM+ nsuk pkfg,A fdUrq v

fdlh laoS/kkfud in dks u xzg.k

djus dk viuk QSlyk igys gh

muds

vkanksyu ls tx xbZ gS & ;kuh Hkz"Vkpkj ls eqfDr dhA

ns'kokfl;ksa

dh

vis{kk

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gtkjs vkSj

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kk

bl

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jkftUnj lPpj dh

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ftlesa os ewY; iqu% LFkkfir gksaxs

;fn lHkh

ny

ns[kus yxs

Fks rks eqlyekuksa

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ftuds fcuk gekjs

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lkekftd&vkfFkZd

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ykHk vke balku dks ugha fey ik

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j[k

eqlyeku nks"kh ugha cfYd ihfM+r

gSA

eqlyeku dk fp=.k cny x;kA blls jkftUnj lPpj us u flQZ eqlyekuksa dk Hkyk fd;k cfYd

esa

crk;k fd

bl

ns'k

dks

jkrksa&jkr ns'k

ds

eu

ns'k dk Hkh Hkyk fd;kA leL;k dks

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lsukfu;ksa us ns[kk FkkA

jgkA jktuhfrK

u

gksrs

gq,

MkW0 lanhi ik.Ms;

10&5&2012 vk’kk vkJe ykyiqj ij xjhc efgyk dks lkM+h forj.k dze la[;k & uke &
10&5&2012 vk’kk vkJe ykyiqj
ij xjhc efgyk dks lkM+h forj.k
dze la[;k & uke & ifr dk uke & Xkk¡o
 

22-

1-

dSyk”kk

dq¡vj

23-

oSluiqjok jkensohtsts yks/kkSjk

 

24-

2-

25-

3-

jktjkuh HkqYyw Hkjkou

4-

:dfeu

uUgdkÅ

26-

lksfygk

5-

Hkxkuh ljtw Hkjkou

 

27-

6-

Jherh f'kojke Hkjkou

28-

7-

cq/kkuk xus”kh Hkksygs[ksM+k

8-

egkjktk

eksgu

29-

Hkksygs[ksM+k

30-

9-

xqM~Mh bUnziky

 

31-

Hkksygs[ksM+k

32-

10-

deyk lUrh ojkSyh

 

11-

jkensohoUrkofj

ojkSyh

33-

12-

Qwyerh

Jhiky ojkSyh

13-

uUgdh lqd: ojkSyh

 

34-

14-

jensbZ Lo- jebZ ykyiqj

35-

15-

yYrk Lo- df<+ys ykyiqj

36-

16-

t'kksnk Lo-Vhdk ykyiqj

17-

fHkBkuk Lo-/kuhykyiqj

37-

18-

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19-

jkedyh

Lo-

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38-

ykyiqj

20-

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39-

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f'kojkuk

Lo-ujk;u

40-

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ykyiqj

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tktwiqj

dsrkdk

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xksVb;k

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oaxkyiqj

txjkuk

fo'kuw

oaxkyiqj lUrh Hkjksls oaxkyiqj jkensohjkeukFk oaxkyiqj

41-

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42-

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tktwiqj

43-

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44-

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47-

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vk'kk vkJe ij yaxj esa [kpZ 22@2@2012 ls 31@3@2012 rd

jk”ku fdjkuk LVksj o cktkj ls 7]651 :0

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1]034 :0

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9]655 :0

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isVªksy jkeckcw 100 :0 eks-&9919823845 Hkxokunhu

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yaxj uohu frokjh th

ds vkfFkZd lg;ksx ls py jgk gSA

lks'kfyLV ikVhZZ ¼bafM;k½ & mRrj izns'k fo/kku lHkkvksa ds pquko 2012 esa mEehnokjksa dk C;ksjk

dz-

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287

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295

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9919427808

 

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309

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cLrh

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311

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jk.kk

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www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012

 

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25 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012

 

xqIrk

     

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:- 700

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,d iqjkuh lk;dy gjh”kadj gsrq

:- 835

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:- 220

 

dqy ;ksx&:-

 

dqy ;ksx&:-

49]851

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risfnd ¼Vhch½ vc ,d lwpuh; jksx
risfnd ¼Vhch½ vc ,d lwpuh; jksx

risfnd ;k Vhch dks ,d lwpuh; jksx ?kksf"kr djds tgka ,d vksj Hkkjr ljdkj dk iqujhf{kr jk"Vªh; Vhch fu;a=.k dk;ZØe ¼vkj,uVhlhih½ ljkguk dk ik= gS] ogha nwljh vksj mls mu vusd lko/kkfu;ksa dk ikyu djuk Hkh vfuok;Z gksxk ftuds cxSj lHkh

Vhch

mipkj lsok,¡

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ljdkj ds fy, dnkfpr [krjs dh

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ds

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çnku djsaxsßA

ijarq bl fu;e ds nq%[kn ifj.kke Hkh gks ldrs gSa] fo'ks"kdj mu yksxksa ds fy, ftUgsa Vhch mipkj lsok,¡ vHkh miyC/k gh ugha gSa vkSj ftudh bl u;h O;oLFkk ds pyrs vusd dkj.kksa ls Hkwfexr gksus dh laHkkouk c<+us ls os futh vFkok lkoZtfud LokLF; lsokvksa rd igq¡pus esa ckf/kr gks ldrs gSaA bl lcds Vhch fu;a=.k vkSj LokLF; O;oLFkk ij O;kid çfrdwy çHkko iM+ ldrs gSaA

blds dqN ldkjkRed ifj.kke vo'; fudysaxstSls fd lHkh futh MkDVjksa] LokLF; çcU/kdksa] ç;ksx'kkykvksa ,oa vU; ns[kHkky djus okyksa dks çR;sd Vhch dsl dh lwpuk ljdkj dks nsuh gksxh] ftlls ns'k esa Vhch jksx dh fLFkfr dk okLrfod fo'ys"k.k gks ldsxk fd ns'k esa Vhch jksfx;ksa dh la[;k fdruh gS] muesa ls fdrus ljdkjh mipkj lsokvksa dk ykHk mBk jgs gSa] vkSj fdrus futh {ks= ds

'kksHkk 'kqDyk & lh-,u-,l-

'kksHkk 'kqDyk & lh-,u-,l-

27 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012

28 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012