lPph eqPph

tu vkanksyuksa ds jk"Vªh; leUo; dh if=dk

twu 2012

dwMudqye ds fuokfl;ksa us viuk oksV nsus dk vf/kdkj
okil lkSaik---

& D;k dwMudqye ds yksxksa dh vkokt+
ljdkj lqusxh\
& tc nqfu;k ds fodflr ns’k ijek.kq
ÅtkZ ij vadq’k yxk jgs gSa] tSls fd]
tkiku us vius lHkh ijek.kq ÅtkZ?kj can
dj fn;s gSa] rks fQj Hkkjr ljdkj D;ksa
ijek.kqq ÅtkZ dk;Zdez dks c<+kus ds fy,
vM+h gq;h gS\

fo"k; lwph
1- jks- ikyf'kdj! eq>s [ksn gS--------------------------- 3
2- lkekftd ewY;ksa vkSj lekurk ij lEiUu gq;k
lkewfgd fookg------------------------------------------------------ 8
3- cM+s cka/k ds fojks/k esa cSBs vUnksykUdfj;ks ij
vle ljdkj dh neukRed dk;Zokgh----------10
4- ljgnh xka/kh% xka/kh dk Qfj'rk-----------------12
5- lektokn ds fy, gekjh izfrc)rk---------15
6- jkftUnj lPpj Hkh gks ldrs jk"Vªifr----19
7- xjhc efgyk dks lkM+h forj.k------------------22
8- vk'kk vkJe ij yaxj esa [kpZ-------------------23
9- lks'kfyLV ikVhZZ ¼bafM;k½ & mRrj izns'k fo/kku
lHkkvksa ds pquko 2012 esa mEehnokjksa dk C;ksjk- 24
10- jensbZ ds fuokZpu {ks= 161 l.Mhyk esa izR;k’kh
gsrq [kpZ dk O;ksjk---------------------------------25
11- risfnd ¼Vhch½ vc ,d lwpuh; jksx-----27

lPph eqPph
o"kZ 11 vad 6

twu 2012

lEiknd e.My
,l-vkj-nkjkiqjh 9415164845
ukxs'k f=ikBh 9452112004
vjfoUn ewfrZ 9839835032
jksek 9415233583
jktho ;kno 9452800752
'kkguokt+ vkye 9415254919
bZesy% ashaashram@yahoo.com

lykgdkj e.My
es/kk ikVdj] v:.kk jk;] dfork JhokLro]
;ksxsUnz ;kno] vthr >k] jfo fdj.k tSu]
uhykHk feJ]vthr lkgh]tsih flag] MkW lquhye~

O;oLFkkidh; lEidZ%
MkW- lanhi ik.Ms;
,&893] bfUnjk uxj] y[kuÅ&226016-m0iz0
Qksu% 0522&2347365
bZey
s % ashaashram@yahoo.com
foKkiu% nsos'k iVsy 9455037799
forj.k% oYyHkkpk;Z] iznhi flag
^ysvkmV] fMt+kbu]* vkfn%

jks- ikyf'kdj!
eq>s [ksn gS
& M‚- vkacsMdj
çks- ikyf'kdj dy vki ds
dk;kZy; esa rFkkdfFkr fjifCydu
ikVhZ ds pkj lnL;ksa }kjk esjs
dkVwZu dks ysdj tks rksM+QksM+ dh
x;h mlds fy, eq>s cgqr [ksn gSeq>s fo'okl gS fd 'kk;n os ugha
tkurs fd mUgksaus D;k fd;k gSbl fy, vki mUgsa ekQ dj nsamuds bl —R; ij eSa Hkh cgqr
nq[kh gw¡ fd mUgksua s ,slk D;ksa
fd;k- eSa le> ugha ik jgk gw¡ fd
,slk djds mUgksaus esjs dkSu ls
vkn'kZ dh iwrhZ dh gS- eSa rks thou
Hkj nfyrksa ds cksyus dh vktknh
dh yMkbZ yM+rk jgk D;ksfa d
nfyr lfn;ksa ls pqIih dk f'kdkj
jgs gSa- mUgsa lfn;ksa ls xwx
a s cgjs
cuk dj j[kk x;k Fkk- os lfn;ksa
ls lHkh çdkj dk vieku lg dj
pqi jgus ds fy, ck/; fd;s x,eSaus Hkh ;g lc >syk- i<+ fy[k
dj eSa mudh tqcku cuk vkSj eSaus
mUgsa tqcku nsus dh thou Hkj
dksf'k'k dh- ijUrq dy mUgksua s

lh-,u-,l- www.citizen-news.org
lg;ksx jkf'k% :i;s 10 ek=
okf"kZd lg;ksx jkf'k% :i;s 100 ek=
okf"kZ
3d
| lPph
lg;ksx
eqPph
jkf'k euhvkMZ
www.napm-india.org
j }kjk O;oLFkkidh;| www.ashaparivar.org
irs
ij HkstsaA

twu 2012

vki ds lkFk ,slk djds esjh tqcku
gh can dj nhugha! eSa pqi ugha jg ldrk- eSa bl
?kVuk ij vo'; cksyw¡xk D;ksfa d
;g lc dqN esjs uke ij fd;k
x;k gS- eq>s irk pyk gS fd ;g
lc ,d iqLrd esa esjs ls lEcaf/kr
,d dkVwZu dks ysdj fd;k x;k gSbl esa eq>s viekfur fd;s tkus
dk cgkuk ysdj igys rks
ikfyZvkesVa esa esjs vfr mRlkgh
vuq;kf;vksa us fnuHkj gaxkek fd;k
vkSj lnu dk dke dke dkt ugha
pyus fn;k- dqN us rks iqLrd dks
rS;kj djus okys fo}kuksa ij ,llh
,lVh ,DV ds varxZr eqdnek
dk;e djds dkjZokgh djus dh
ekax dj Mkyh- esjs ,d 'kqHkfpard
us rks bu iqLrdksa dks rS;kj djus
okyh laLFkk dks gh Hkax djus dk
ç'ku mBk fn;k- eq>s ;g lc tku
dj cgqr nq%[k gqvk gS- eSa rks thou
Hkj iqLrd çseh jgk gw¡ vkSj eSaus
thou Hkj viuh ykbZczsjh esa lHkh
çdkj dh iqLrdksa dk laxzg fd;k
vkSj mUgsa i<+k Hkh Fkk - vc vxj
esjs uke ij fdlh iqLrd dks
çfrcaf/kr djus dh ekax dh tkrh
gS rks vki vanktk yxk ldrs gSa
fd bl ls eq>s fdruk d"V gksxkeq>s mEehn Fkh fd tc lnu esa
ljdkj us fdlh vkSfpR; ij fopkj
4 | lPph eqPph

fd;s fcuk oksV dh jktuhfr ds
varxZr dsoy dqN yksxksa ds ncko
esa iqLrd esa ls ml dkVwZu dks
fudky nsus dk vk'oklu ns fn;k
Fkk rks mUgsa 'kkar gks tkuk pkfg,
Fkk ijUrq mUgsa bl ls Hkh larqf"V
ugha feyh vkSj dy mUgksua s vki ds
dk;kZy; esa vk dj rksM+QksM+ dh
dkjZokgh dh tks fd esjs nqvkjk
vius fojksf/k;ksa ds reke dVk{kksa
vkSj vkykspuk;ksa dks /kS;Z ls lquus
vkSj 'kkyhurk ls mudk mÙkj nsus
ds LoHkko dk vieku gS- eSaus rks
vius thou esa fdrus dVk{kksa vkSj
vkykspukvks dk lkeuk fd;k Fkk
ijUrq eSa us dHkh Hkh viuk ekufld
larqyu ugh [kks;k Fkk- eSa rks thou
Hkj okYVs;j ds ml dFku dk
dk;y jgk gw¡ ftl esa mlus dgk
Fkk ]" eSa vki ls lger u gksrs gq,
Hkh vki ds ,slk dgus ds vf/kdkj
dh vk[kjh lkal rd j{kk d:¡xk-"
eSaus xk¡/kh] usg#] iVsy u tkus
fdrus yksxksa ls xaHkhj eqíksa ij cglsa
dh Fkha ijUrq eSaus dHkh Hkh fojksf/k;ksa
ds dFku dks nckus dh dksf'k'k
ugha dh cfYd ges'kk rdZ vkSj
rF;ksa lfgr 'kkyhurkiwoZd mudk
mÙkj fn;k Fkk - eSaus rks xk¡/kh th
dks Hkh igyh ehfVax esa gh dgk Fkk]
"vxj vki eq>s ekjuk pkgrs gSa rks
fl)karks ls ekfj;s Hkkouk;ksa ls ugha" vc vxj dqN yksx esjs uke ij
okrkZyki dk jkLrk NksM+ dj

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012

rksM+QksM+ dk jkLrk viukrs gSa rks
;g esjs fl)karksa ds fcydqy
f[kykQ gSftl dkVwZu dks ysdj ;s lc
gaxkek [kM+k fd;k x;k gS og
dkVwZu rks ƒ‹†‹ esa esjs lkeus gh
Nik Fkk- eSua s Hkh mls ns[kk Fkk vkSj
mles 'kadj ds lafo/kku fuekZ.k dh
/kheh xfr dks ysdj fd;s x, O;ax
vkSj fpark dks Hkh igpkuk Fkk- eq>s
;g cgqr vPNk yxk Fkk- usg# vkSj
ge nksuksa gh lafo/kku fuekZ.k dh
/kheh xfr dks ysdj fpafrr jgrs Fks
ijUrq lafo/kku fuekZ.k dh çfØ;k esa
,slk gksuk LokHkkfod Fkk- ckn esa
eSaus „‡ uoEcj] ƒ‹†‹ dks lafo/kku
dks vaxhdkj djus okys Hkk"k.k esa
lafo/kku fuekZ.k esa yxs le; ds
vkSfpR; ds ckjs esa lQkbZ Hkh nh
Fkh- eq>s Kkr gqvk gS fd mä
dkVwZu okyh iqLrd esa Hkh lafo/kku
fuekZ.k dh /kheh xfr ds dkj.kksa dk
mYys[k fd;k x;k Fkk vkSj dkVwZu
ds ek/;e ls bl ds ckjs esa Nk=ksa
ls ç'ku iwNk x;k Fkk- dk'k !
dkVwZu esa esjs vieku ds uke ij
rksM+QksM+ vkSj gaxkek djus okyksa us
Hkh iqLrd esa dkVwZu ds lU/kHkZ dks
i<+k gksrk rks 'kk;n os ,slk ugha
djrseSaus thou Hkj fojks/k ds lafo/kkfud
rjhdksa dh gh odkyr dh Fkh- eSaus
5 | lPph eqPph

vius thou dky esa tks Hkh
vkUnksyu fd;s os lHkh 'kkafr iw.kZ
vkSj dkuwu ds nk;js esa gh Fks- eSa us
dHkh Hkh fgalk vkSj rksM+QksM+ dh
lykg ugha nh Fkh- esjs uke ij
rksM+QksM+ djus okyksa dks eSa lykg
nwaxk fd os esjs lafo/kku vaxhdkj
ds volj ij fn, Hkk"k.k ds ml
va'k dks t:j i<+ ysa ftl esa eSaus
dgk Fkk] "gesa lR;kxzg] vlg;ksx
vkSj voKk ds rjhdks dks NksM+ nsuk
pkfg,- tc lkekftd vkSj vkfFkZd
m)s';ksa dks laoS/kkfud rjhds ls
çkIr djus ds lk/ku u cps gksa rks
rks xSj laoS/kkfud rjhds viukus
dk dqN vkSfpR; gks ldrk gSijUrq tgk¡ laoS/kkfud rjhds
miyC/k gksa rks xSj laoS/kkfud
rjhdksa dks viukus dk dksbZ
vkSfpR; ugha gks ldrk- ;g rjhds
vjktdrk dk O;kdj.k gSa vkSj bUgsa
ftruh tYnh NksM+ fn;k tk;s
mruk gh gekjs fy, vPNk gksxk-"
eq>s vkt ;g ns[k dj cgqr nq%[k
gksrk gS tc eSa ns[krk gw¡ fd gekjs
ns'k esa fojks/k dh vkokt dks
ljdkjh vkSj xSj ljdkjh rkSj ij
nckus dh fdruh dksf'k'k dh tk
jgh gS- eSa tkurk gw¡ fd ge yksxksa
us lafo/kku esa vfHkO;fä dh
Lora=rk dk lekos'k fdruh mEehn
ds lkFk fd;k Fkk- vkt eSa ns[krk
gw¡ fd dqN yksx vius la[;kcy ;k

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012

ckgqcy ls detksj yksxksa dh lgh
vkokt dks nckus esa lQy gks tkrs
gSa- vkt dh ljdkjsa Hkh blh çdkj
ls turk dh vkokt dks nck nsrh
gSa- gekjs ns'k esa ls rdZ vkSj cgl
dk ekgkSy [k+Re gks pqdk gS- eSa
tkurk gw¡ fd dqN yksx /keZ vFkok
lEçnk; dh Hkkoukvksa ds vkgr
gksus dh ckr dj ds nwljksa dh
vkokt dks nck nsrs gSa- eSaus ns[kk gS
fd fdl rjg dqN yksxksa us gks
gYyk djds f'kokth ij fy[kh
x;h iqLrd] rlyhek uljhu rFkk
lyeku j'nh nqvkjk fy[kh x;h
iqLrdksa dks çfrcaf/kr djok fn;k
Fkk- bu yksxksa us rks eq>s Hkh ugha
c['kk Fkk- vki dks ;kn gksxk fd
tc egkj"Vª ljdkj us esjh
vçdkf'kr iqLrd "fjMYl bu
fgUnqbTe' dks çdkf'kr djok;k Fkk
rks fdl çdkj dqN yksxksa us bls
fgUnw rFkk fgUnw nsoh nsork fojks/kh
dg dj bls çfrcaf/kr djus dh
ekax mBkbZ Fkh- ;g rks esjs nfyr
vuq;kf;vksa vkSj cqf)thfo;ksa dk gh
ç;kl Fkk fd mUgksaus bl ds i{k esa
cEcbZ esa Hkkjh tu çn'kZu djds
bls cpk fy;k Fkk- ijUrq dy
mUgksua s tks dqN fd;k gS og rks
vfHkO;fä dh Lora=rk ds fcydqy
f[kykQ gS- dy vxj dqN yksx
esjs nqvkjk fy[kh x;h iqLrdksa esa
vafdr vkykspuk dks ysdj esjh
iqLrdksa dks çfrcaf/kr djus dh
6 | lPph eqPph

ekax mBk nsa rks nfyrksa ds ikl bl
ds fojks/k dk D;k rdZ cpsxkeSa le>rk gw¡ fd esjs nfyr
vuq;k;h ,slk D;ksa djrs gSa- eSa
tkurk gw¡ fd os esjk fdruk lEeku
djrs gSa- os eq> ls HkkoukRed rkSj
ij fdl lhek rd tqM+s gq, gSatc dHkh dksbZ Hkh mUgsa esjs ckjs esa
dqN Hkh lgh ;k xyr crk nsrk gS
rks os HkM+d tkrs gSa vkSj bl çdkj
dh dkjZokgh dj cSBrs gSa- bl esa
mudk dlwj ugha gSa- os vius
usrkvksa nqvkjk xqejkg dj fn,
tkrs gSa- muesa ls rks cgqrksa us eq>s
iwjh rjg ls i<+k Hkh ugha gS- vr%
os nwljksa nqvkjk funsZf'kr gks tkrs
gSa- eq>s yxrk gS nfyrksa us esjs "
f'kf{kr djks] la?k"kZ djks vkSj
la?kfVr djks " ukjs dks lgh :i esa
le>k ugha gS- eq>s ;g Hkh ns[k dj
cgqr nq%[k gksrk gS fd esjs uke ij
vkt fdl çdkj dh nfyr
jktuhfr gks jgh gS- esjs nqvkjk
cgqr mEehn ds lkFk cuk;ha x;h
fjicfYdu ikVhZ vkt fdrus VqdM+ksa
esa caV pqdh gS vkSj mlds usrk
O;fäxr ykHk ds fy, fdl rjg
ds fl)kUrghu ,oa voljoknh xB
tksM+ dj ys jgs gSa- os nfyrksa ds
eqíksa ds LFkku ij fo'kq) oksV cSad
vkSj lÙkk dh jktuhfr dj jgs gSa
vkSj yksxksa dk HkkoukRed 'kks"k.k

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012

dj jgs gSa- bl dkVwZu ds ekeys esa
Hkh ,slk gh gks jgk gSeq>s ;g ns[k dj cgqr d"V gksrk
gS fd esjs dqN vfrmRlkgh vkSj
vKkuh vuq;kf;;ksa us eq>s dsoy
nfyrksa dk gh elhgk cuk dj j[k
fn;k gS- eSa rks iwjs jk"Vª dk gw¡- eSaus
tc Lora=rk] lekurk vkSj ca/kqRo
dh ckr dh Fkh rks ;g dsoy
nfyrksa ds fy, gh ugha dh Fkh- eSaus
bls ns'k ds lHkh yksxksa ds fy,
ek¡xk Fkk- eSaus tc fgUnw dksM fcy
cuk;k Fkk rks eSaus bl esa lEiw.kZ
fgUnw ukjh dh eqfä dh ckr mBkbZ
Fkh- gk¡ eSaus nfyrksa dks dqN fo'ks"k
vf/kdkj t:j fnyk;s Fks tks fd
mudks lekurk dk vf/kdkj çkIr
djkus ds fy, t:jh Fks- vr% esjk
vius vuq;kf;vksa vkSj ç'kaldksa ls
vuqjks/k gS fd os eq>s ,d tkfr ds
nk;js esa u cka/k dj iwjs jk"Vª ds
Qyd ij ns[ksaeSa vius vuq;kf;;ksa ls ;g Hkh
vuqjks/k djrk gw¡ fd os esjs thou
n'kZu vkSj esjs thou ewY;ksa dks
lgh rjhds ls tkusa vkSj mUgsa vius
vkpj.k esa mrkjsa- mUgsa ;g Hkh
Li"V rkSj ij le> ysuk pkfg,
fd mudh vfHkO;fä dh Lora=rk
rHkh lqjf{kr jgsxh tc os nwljksa
dh Lora=rk dh j{kk djsaxs vU;Fkk
os ns'k esa c<+rs Qklhokn vkSj
7 | lPph eqPph

dêjiaFk dks gh etcwr djsx
a s- esjs
uke ij jktuhfr djus okys
usrkvksa ls Hkh eq>s dguk gS fd os
nfyrksa dk HkkoukRed 'kks"k.k] oksV
cSad vkSj tkfr dh jktuhfr ds
LFkku ij eqnksa ij vk/kkfjr ewy
ifjorZu dh jktuhfr djsa ftl ls
u dsoy nfyrksa cfYd lHkh
Hkkjrokfl;ksa dk dY;k.k gksxkçks- ikyf'kdj ! vUr% esa eSa vki ds
lkFk
esjs
rFkkdfFkr
dqN
vuq;kf;;ksa }kjk fd;s x,
nqoZ~;ogkj ds fy, iqu% [ksn çdV
djrk gw¡-

,l- vkj- nkjkiqjh
ys[kd lsok fuo`Rr vkbZ0ih0,l0
vf/kdkjh] ofj"B lkekftd
dk;ZdrZk vkSj lPph eqPph lEiknd
eaMy esa Hkh gSaA

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012

lkekftd ewY;ksa vkSj lekurk
ij lEiUu gq;k lkewfgd fookg
vk'kk ifjokj us LFkkuh; lg;ksx
ls lhrkiqj ds xzke lHkk pkaniqj
{ks= esa lkekftd ewY;ksa vkSj
lekurk ij vk/kkfjr ,d vuks[kk
lkewfgd fookg dk;Zdze lEiUu
fd;k ftlesa gj uo&tksM+s us ,d
lkjxfHkZr 'kiFk yh] tks dkuiqj ds
ofj"B xka/khoknh dk;ZdrkZ egs”k
HkkbZ us fy[kh FkhA
Jh uohu frokjh ds vkfFkZd
lg;ksx : 15]000 ls gj u, tksM+s
dks ,d lkfbdy HksaV nh x;h] vkSj
Jh lq/kkdj jsM~Mh ds vkfFkZd
lg;ksx : 7]500 ls gj tksM+s dks
,d yksgs dk cDlk fn;k x;kA
;g lkewfgd fookg dk dk;Zdze
rc lEHko gq;k tc vk'kk ifjokj
ds lkFk tqM+s leqnk; ds iRFkj
dkVus dk dk;Z djus okys
eqUukyky us] tks nfyr ifjokj ls
gSa] mudks viuh yM+dh dk C;kg
djuk FkkA eqUukyky th us vusd
yksxksa dks] ftudks viuh cPpksa dh
'kknh djuh Fkh] le>k;k fd O;FkZ
iSlk xokWaus ls csgrj gS fd osa lc

gj ckjkr esa vf/kdre
60 yksx Fks] esgeku xkWo
ds Ldwy esa Bgjs] VsaV vkSj
Hkkstu lcus ckWaVkA dksbZ
Hkh /keZxq: mifLFkr ugha
Fkk vkSj u, tksM+s us
yksxksa ds lkeus 'kknh dh
;g ‘kiFk yh%
feydj lkewfgd fookg vk;ksftr
djsaA
17 Qjojh 2012 dks pkaniqj
xzkelHkk] rglhy egewnkckn]
Cykd jkeiqj eFkqjk] ftyk lhrkiqj
esa ;g lkewfgd fookg dk;Zdze
lEiUu gq;kA gj ckjkr esa
vf/kdre 60 yksx Fks] esgeku xkWo
ds Ldwy esa Bgjs] VsaV vkSj Hkkstu
lcus ckWaVkA dksbZ Hkh /keZxq:
mifLFkr ugha Fkk vkSj u, tksM+s us
yksxksa ds lkeus 'kknh dh ;g “kiFk
yh%

'kknh gsrq 'kiFk
ge nksuksa izd`fr vkSj ;gka ij
mifLFkr lHkh yksxks dks lk{kh
ekudj ;s 'kiFk ysrs gS fd-----

yM+ds }kjk 'kiFk-1eSa
ftUnxh
Hkj
¼yM+dh dk uke½ dk lq[k&nq[k esa
lkFk fuHkkÅaxk A
2- eSa u dHkh 'kjkc fiÅaxk vkSj u
gh dHkh viuh iRuh dks ihVwaxk A
3- eSa vius lHkh cPPkks]a fcuk yM+ds
yM+dh esa Hksn fd,] dks i<kÅaxk A

9 | lPph eqPph

4- esjh lEifRr esa esjh iRuh dh
vk/kh Hkkxhnkjh gksxh A
5- eSa fdlh Hkh egRroiw.kZ fu.k;Z
vkSj dk;Z esa viuh iRuh dks cjkcj
dk Hkkxhnkj j[kwx
a kA
6- eSa viuh iRuh dh lEeku vkSj
vfHkO;fDr dh LorU=rk dk vknj
d:axk A

yM+dh }kjk 'kiFk--1eSa
ftUnxh
Hkj
¼yM+ds dk uke½ ds lq[k&nq[k esa
lkFk fuHkkÅaxh A
2- eS fdlh Hkh egRroiw.kZ fu.k;Z
vkSj dk;Z esa ifr dsa lkFk Hkkxhnkjh
d:axh A

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012

cM+s cka/k ds fojks/k esa cSBs
vkUnksyUkdkfj;ksa ij vle
ljdkj fd neukRed dk;Zokgh
vle ds y[kheiqj ftys esa
fiNys dbZ eghuks ls —"kd
eqfä laxzke lfefr ,ose vU;
ukS laxBuks }kjk uhpys
lqcufljh ij cuk;s tk jgs
cM+s cka/k dk fojks/k djus okys
vUnksykUdfj;ks ij ƒƒ ebZ dks
iqfyl }kjk tcjnLr neukRed
dk;Zokgh dh xbZ gS- lqcufljh
esa cuk;s tk jgs cM+s cka/k dks
ysdj tulaxBuks dk vkUnksyu
dks cM+s iSekus ij vke turk
dk leFkZu gkfly gks jgk gS
ftlds pyrs cka/k dks cuk;s
tkus dh lkexzh dks ys tkus
okys ekxksZ ij vUnksykUdfj;ks us
fiNys ikap eghus ls ukdscanh dh
gqbZ gS- bldks ysdj vle ljdkj
dkQh
ijs'kku
FkhdHkh
vUnksykUdfj;ks dks ukDlkyh rks
dHkh vkradoknh djkj djus ls
vle ljdkj xqjst ugha dj jgh
Fkh- vkUnksyu dk usr`Ro djus
okys vf[ky xksxksbZ dks ij dbZ
ckj ljdkj us >wVs eqdnes dj
tsy esa Hkh fu#) fd;k ysfdu

tukanksyu ds ncko ds pyrs
vf[ky xksxksbZ dks mUgsa tYnh gh
NksM+uk iM+kvUnksykUnfj;ks dh ekax gS fd
lqcufljh unh ij cuk;s tk jgk
cka/k lHkh i;kZoj.k ekudks dk
mYy?ku djrs gS vkSj bl cka/k ds
cuus ls vle vkSj v#.kkapy ds

vla[; ijEijkxr yksxks dh
vkthfodk Nhu tk,xh vkSj cM+s
iSekus esa i;ZokfuZ;s ladV iSnk gks
tk;sxk- vkUnksyudkjh bl ck¡/k ij
,d mPp Lrjh; tkap dh ekax dj
jgs gS- ysfdu bl vkSj vHkh rd
vle ljdkj dk /;ku ugha tk
jgk gS o~ yxkrkj bl vkUnksyu
dks dqpyus ds fy, /kjuk LFky ij
,d eghus ls ljdkj }kjk iqfyl
Nkouh rS;kj dh tk jgh FkhKkrO; gks dh ƒ6 vçSy dks
v#.kkpy çns'k esa fl;kax oknh esa
vUnksykUdfj;ks }kjk cka/k ds fojks/k
esa ts ih daiuh ds dbZ xkfM+;k]
v‚fQl vkSj tk¡p ?kj rd tyk
fn, xbZ Fks- bu lc vkUnksyu ds
eísutj ,d g¶rs ckn gh ç/kku
ea=h Jh eueksgu flag us vle
vkSj v#Upay dk nkSjk dj ehfM;k
ds le{k ;g c;ku fn;k Fkk dh
v#.kkapy o vle esa cM+s ca/kks dks
ysdj py jgs vUnksyksuks }kjk
mBk;s tk jgs lokyks ij fopkj
fd;k tk;sxk o bu ca/kks dh
leh{kk dh tk,xhysfdu ;g foMEcuk gS fd ç/kku
ea=h }kjk bl vk'oklu
ds
ckotwn Hkh vUnksykUdfj;ks ij
neukRed dk;Zokgh dh xbZ- iqfyl
}kjk
ƒƒ
ebZ
dks
lHkh
vUnksykUdfj;ks dh csjgeh ls
11 | lPph eqPph

fiVkbZ dh xbZ o yxHkx nl
vkUnksyudkjh bl le; ykirk gSvuksykUdfj;ks ds ?kjks esa ?kql dj
iqfyl }kjk vUnksykUdfj;ks ds
ifjokjksa ds lkFk Hkh neu fd;k tk
jgk gS- efgykvks ds lkFk Hkh dkQh
vHkærk dh xbZ gS- ;g lc rc
gqvk tc ns'k ds ç/kku ea=h bl
{ks= dk nkSjk djus ds ckn ykSVsbl neukRed dk;Zokgh ls rks ;gh
yxrk gS fd Lo;a ç/kku ea=h us
vUnksykUdfj;ks ls MaMs ls fuiVus
ds fy, jkT; ljdkj dks funsZ'k
fn, gS- bl rjg dh neukRed
dk;Zokgh ds ckotwn Hkh vHkh rd
cka/k LFky ij fuekZ.k lkexzh dks
igq¡pus ugha fn;k tk jgk gS- —"kd
eqfä laxzke lfefr us ?kks"k.kk dh gS
fd vxj ljdkj ckrphr ds ctk;
neu ij mrk: gksxh rks çns'k
O;kih vkUnksyu 'kq: gksxk- bl
iqfyfl;k dkjokgh ij ƒ… ebZ dks
vUnksykUdfj;ks us ,d fnolh; can
dk Hkh vkgoku fd;k Fkk-

jksek
ysf[kdk ofj"B lkekftd
dk;ZdrZk] tu vkanksyuksa ds
jk"Vªh; leUo; dh leUo;d]
vkSj lPph eqPph lEiknd
e.My esa Hkh gSaA

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012

ljgnh xka/kh% xka/kh dk Qfj'rk
xka/kh ftank gSa
xka/kh gksuk] u gksuk vkSj cu
tkuk
fQYeksa esa fdrus ftank gSa
xka/kh\
vksckek% xka/kh xka/kh jVrs jVrs
xka/kh Hk;k u dks,
usYlu eaMsyk% v'osrksa dk
xka/kh
lw ph% la?k"kZ dh vkap ij
rirk lp
ekfVZu ywFkj fdax vkSj
vesfjdk ds fy, mudk [okc
ikd ls [kwu ls cudj vk;k
xka/kh dk lans'k
xka/khokfn;ksa dh iwjh tekr gS- iwjh
nqfu;k esa gS- vkSj rc ls gS tc ls
xka/kh gq,- ysfdu nwljk xka/kh ,d
gh gqvk] ljgnh xka/kh- [kku vCnqy
x¶Qkj [kku us xka/khokn dks bl
dnj vkRelkr fd;k fd yksx mUgsa
xka/kh gh dgus yxsxkM+h fnYyh igqaph rks yxHkx
[kkyh Fkh- T;knk yksx ugha mrjsfQj Hkh egkRek xka/kh us ftls ykus
Hkstk Fkk] og dgha ugha fn[ksmudk Hkstk vkneh gj fMCcs esa tk

tkdj ns[kus yxk- ,d [kkyh fMCcs
esa ,d lTtu cSBs cSBs lks jgs Fks[kku vCnqy x¶Qkj [kku dks
igpkudj ml vkneh us mBk;k[kka lkgc us ekQh ekaxrs gq, dgk
fd yack lQj gqvk rks vka[k yx
xbZ- ml vkneh us dgk fd vki
ysV D;ksa ugha x,] xkM+h rks [kkyh
gh Fkh- [kka lkgc us tokc fn;k]
*oks eSa dSls djrk] esjk fVdV
Lyhij dk ugha Fkk uk-*
xka/khokn dks bl dnj viuh
ftanxh esa mrkjus okyh 'kk;n gh
dksbZ vkSj 'kf[l;r feys- [kku ds

cuk, laxBu [kqnkbZ f[knerxkj
dks Hkkjr esa fQj ls [kM+k djus
okys QSly [kku ;kn djrs gSa]
"xka/khth ds lfpo egknso nslkbZ us
,d ckj dgk Fkk fd viuh [kwfc;ksa
dh otg ls x¶Qkj [kka rks xka/kh
th ls Hkh vkxs fudy x, gSa-"
[kku vCnqy x¶Qkj [kku dh xka/kh
ls rqyuk mudh 'kq#vkrh rdjhj
ls 'kq: gks tkrh gS- bl rdjhj esa
og vfgalk dks bLyke dh ewy
Hkkouk crkrs gSa- muds 'kCnksa esa]
^bl ij esjh :g ;dhu djrh gSbLyke ;gh rks gS] vey] ;dhu
vkSj eksgCcr-*
ljgnh xka/kh us ljgn ij jgus
okys mu iBkuksa dks vfgalk dk
jkLrk fn[kk;k] ftUgsa bfrgkl
yM+kds ekurk jgk- ,d yk[k
iBkuksa dks mUgksua s bl jkLrs ij
pyus ds fy, bl dnj etcwr
cuk fn;k fd os ejrs jgs] ij ekjus
dks muds gkFk ugha mBs- ued
lR;kxzg ds nkSjku 23 vçSy 1930
dks x¶Qkj [kka ds fxj¶rkj gks
tkus ds ckn [kqnkbZ f[knerxkjksa
dk ,d tqywl is'kkoj ds fdLlk
[okuh cktkj esa igqapk- vaxzstksa us
mu ij xksyh pykus dk gqDe ns
fn;k- 200 ls 250 yksx ekjs x,ysfdu çfrfgalk ugha gqbZ- ljgnh
xka/kh us vius [kqnkbZ f[knerxkjksa
13 | lPph eqPph

dks ,d lh[k nh Fkh- mUgksua s dgk
Fkk] "eSa vkidks ,d ,slk gfFk;kj
nsus tk jgk gwa ftlds lkeus dksbZ
iqfyl vkSj dksbZ lsuk fVd ugha
ik,xh- ;g eksgEen lkgc dk
gfFk;kj gS ysfdu vki yksx blls
okfdQ ugha gSa- ;g gfFk;kj gS lcz
vkSj usdh- nqfu;k dh dksbZ rkdr
bl gfFk;kj ds lkeus fVd ugha
ldrh-" vxj bl lh[k dks dksbZ
xka/khth dh lh[k dgdj crk ns]
QdZ dj ikuk ukeqefdu gStkusekus xka/khoknh vkykspd vkSj
vkbZvkbZVh fnYyh ds çksQslj ohds
f=ikBh ekurs gSa fd [kku vCnqy
x¶Qkj [kku us vius la?k"kZ esa
xka/khokn dh vkRek dks ftank j[kkog dgrs gSa] & *nks ckrsa gSa tks
fdlh Hkh la?k"kZ dks xka/khoknh
cukrh gSa- ,d rks vkanksyu
tuekul dk gksuk pkfg, vkSj
nwljk mls vfgald gksuk pkfg,[kku vCnqy x¶Qkj [kka us bl
dke dks csgn [kwclwjrh ls vatke
fn;k-*
QSly [kku dgrs gSa fd ;g cgqr
cM+h ckr Fkh fd [kka lkgc us
xka/khokn dks bLyke ls tksM+s j[kkbl otg ls u flQZ [kka lkgc dh
Lohdk;Zrk c<+h cfYd xka/khokn ds
nk;js c<+s- 'kk;n ;gh otg gS fd
,dukFk bZ'oju ckn'kkg [kka dh

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012

thouh ^u‚u ok;ysaV lksYtj v‚Q
bLyke* esa fy[krs gSa fd Hkkjr esa
nks xka/kh Fks] ,d eksgunkl deZpan
vkSj nwljs [kku vCnqy x¶Qkj [kkavly esa ckn'kkg [kku xka/khoknh
jkLrs ij pyrs ugha Fks- og xka/kh
dks thrs Fks- 1969 esa egkRek xka/kh
dh 100oha t;arh ds ekSds ij [kka
lkgc us Hkkjrh; laln esa Hkk"k.k
fn;k- QSly [kka dgrs gSa fd ml
Hkk"k.k esa xka/kh gh cksy jgs FksmUgksua s lkalnksa ls iwNk] ^eSa xka/kh
dk eqYd ns[kus vk;k gwa- eq>s
fn[kkvks lektokn dgka gS- eq>s
fn[kkvks fdrus xjhc ;gka gSa
ftudh ftanxh laHkyh gS- eq>s
fn[kkvks ;gka vkil esa fdruk I;kj
c<+k gS- eSa lquus ugha vk;k gw]a eSa
ns[kus vk;k gwa-*
muds 'kCn dg jgs Fks fd caVokjs
vkSj egkRek xka/kh dh ekSr ds ckn
Hkkjr xka/kh dh jkg ls HkVd jgk
gS- ysfdu ljgnh xka/kh us og jkg
ugha NksMh+ - blhfy, dukMk dh
fQYedkj Vsjh eSdyksgku ckn'kkg
[kku dks xka/kh dk vuq;k;h ek=
ugha ekurha] muds cjkcj [kM+k
djrh gSa-

[kqnkbZ f[knerxkj dks fQj
[kM+k djus okys QSly [kku
14 | lPph eqPph

viuh M‚D;qesaVªh n ÝafV;j xka/kh%
ckn'kkg [kku] v V‚pZ v‚Q ihl
ds ckjs esa crkrs gq, eSdyksgku us
fy[kk gS] ^nks ckj ukscsy 'kkafr
iqjLdkj ds fy, ukekafdr gq,
ckn'kkg [kku dh ftanxh vkSj
dgkuh ds ckjs esa yksx fdruk de
tkurs gSa- 98 lky dh ftanxh esa
35 lky mUgksua s tsy esa flQZ
blfy, fcrk, fd bl nqfu;k dks
balku ds jgus dh ,d csgrj
txg cuk ldsa- lkekftd U;k;]
vktknh vkSj 'kkafr ds fy, ftl
rjg og thouHkj tw>rs jgs] og
mUgsa usYlu eaMy
s k] ekfVZu ywFkj
fdax twfu;j vkSj egkRek xka/kh
tSls yksxksa ds cjkcj [kM+k djrh
gSa- [kku dh fojklr vkt ds
eqf'dy oä esa mEehn dh ykS
tykrh gS-*
ysfdu Hkkjr jRu [kku vCnqy
x¶Qkj [kka dh Hkkjr esa dksbZ
fojklr gS D;k\ fnYyh dh ftl
x¶Qkj ekfdZV dk uke [kka lkgc
ds uke ij j[kk x;k gS] dgrs gSa
ogka nks uacj dk lkeku feyrk gS-

fjiksVZ% foosd dqekj
laiknu% , dqekj

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012

lektokn ds fy, gekjh
izfrc)rk dk D;k gqvk\
Hkkjr ds lafo/kku dh
izLrkouk esa gh fy[kk gqvk gS fd
Hkkjr ,d lEizHkq] lektoknh] /keZ
fuisZ{k x.krkfa=d yksdra= gSA
fdUrq tks O;oLFkk geus ykxw dh gS
og iwt
a hoknh T;knk gS lektoknh
deA bl rdZ ds leFkZu esa dqN
rF; j[ks tk ldrs gSa & Hkkjr esa
yxkrkj xjhc o vehj ds chp
c<+rh [kkbZ ftls vc MkW eueksgu
flag o eksaVd
s flag vgywokfy;k
tSls vFkZ'kkL=h Hkh Lohdkj djrs
gSa] iSls ds cy ij csgrj lqfo/kk,a
gkfly dh tk ldrh gSa] oxZ ds
vk/kkj ij lekt esa HksnHkko dh
O;oLFkk] bR;kfnA
mRrj izns'k esa lektoknh
ikVhZ uked jktuhfrd ny
lRRkklhu gqvk gS tks izfl+}
lektoknh fopkjd MkW jke euksgj
yksfg;k dks viuk vkn'kZ ekurk
gSA vkb, ge fopkj djsa fd ;g
ljdkj D;k&D;k dj ldrh gS
ftlls ge de ls de iwathoknh
O;oLFkk ds paxqy ls eqDr gksdj
lektoknh O;oLFkk dh rjQ #[k
dj ldrs gSaA

lcls igyk dke gksxk jktuhfrd
fu.kZ; ysdj xjhc&vehj ds chp
QdZ dks de djukA fiNys nks
n'kd esa tcfd lsok {ks= dh vk;
esa ianzg xq.kk dh c<+ksrjh gqbZ gS
mlh vof/k esa U;wure etnwjh nks
xq.kk ls FkksM+k T;knk gh c<+h gSA
,d yksdra= esa ;g vLohdk;Z gSA
vlaxfBr {ks= dh U;wure vk; #11]000 izfr ekg ;k #- 440 izfr
fnu gksuh pkfg,A eagxkbZ de
gksuh pkfg, rkfd brus esa xqtkjk

Hkkjr ds lafo/kku dh
izLrkouk esa gh fy[kk
gqvk gS fd Hkkjr ,d
lEizHkq] lektoknh] /keZ
fuisZ{k x.krkfa=d
yksdra= gSA fdUrq tks
O;oLFkk geus ykxw dh
gS og iwathoknh T;knk gS
lektoknh de

py ldsA U;wure etnwjh
miHkksDrk ewY; lwpdkad ds
vuqlkj ifjofrZr gksuh pkfg,A
fdlku dh U;wure vk; Hkh
11]000 #- izfr ekg gksuh
pkfg,] vkSj y?kq&lhekar d`f"k
dh etnwjh jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k
jkstxkj xkj.Vh dk;Zdze ls
ogu dh tkuh pkfg,A d`f"k dks
jk"Vªh; lsok dk ntkZ fn;k
tkuk pkfg,A fdlku vkSj
etnwj ds fgrksa dks fojks/kh
fn[kk dj ges'kk etnwjh dh
c<+ksrjh jksdh tkrh jgh gSA
fdUrq ;fn fdlku ij c<+h
etnwjh dk cks> u iM+s rks og
etnwjh c<+kus dk fojks/k ugha
djsxkA MkW jke euksgj yksfg;k
us dgk Fkk fd xjhc&vehj dh
vk; ds chp 1%10 ls T;knk dk
vuqikr ugha gksuk pkfg,A
mudk ;g Hkh ekuuk Fkk fd
[kpZ ij lhek r; gksuh pkfg,A
fdlku dks viuh mit dk
ykHkdkjh ewY; feyuk pkfg, o
isVªksy&Mhty] [kkn] dhVuk'kd
dk ewY; fu;af=r gksuk pkfg,
rkfd fdlku ds fy, d`f"k ?kkVs
dk lkSnk u gks vkSj og dtZ esa
Mwc vkRegR;k dh u lkspsA

16 | lPph eqPph

djsxkA MkW jke euksgj
yksfg;k us dgk Fkk fd
xjhc&vehj dh vk; ds
chp 1%10 ls T;knk dk
vuqikr ugha gksuk pkfg,A
mudk ;g Hkh ekuuk Fkk fd
[kpZ ij lhek r; gksuh
pkfg,A fdlku dks viuh
mit dk ykHkdkjh ewY;
feyuk pkfg, o
isVªksy&Mhty] [kkn]
dhVuk'kd dk ewY; fu;af=r
gksuk pkfg, rkfd fdlku ds
fy, d`f"k ?kkVs dk lkSnk u gks
vkSj og dtZ esa Mwc
vkRegR;k dh u lkspsA
Hkwfe lq/kkj dM+kbZ ls ykxw gksuk
pkfg,A MkW yksfg;k dk ,d vkSj
O;ogkfjd fl)kar Fkk &

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012

^tks tehu dks tksrs cks,
ogh tehu dk ekfyd gks^A
vk; ds vU; lzksr gksus ij yksxksa
}kjk tehu dk ekfydkuk gd
NksM+uk vfuok;Z gksuh pkfg,A ,d
O;fDr dk ,d gh edku ;k Q~ySV
gksuk pkfg,A xjhch js[kk ugha]
cfYd vehjh js[kk r; djds flQZ
vehjksa ls gh dj fy;k tkuk
pkfg,A
;fn ge vius dks yksdra= ekurs
gSa rks 80 izfr'kr fctyh o vU;
lkoZtfud lalk/ku xkaoksa ds fy,
vkjf{kr gksus pkfg,A
Hkz"Vkpkj ij vadq'k yxkus ds fy,
#- 500 o #- 1000 ds uksVksa dk
izpyu can gksuk pkfg,A
f'k{kk] LokLF; lcds fy, ,d
leku vkSj eqQ~r gksuh pkfg,A
leku f'k{kk iz.kkyh dk ckr Hkh
yksdiky dh gh rjg ls yxHkx
pkj n'kd ls mB jgh gS fdUrq
ljdkjsa bl fl)kar dks ykxw djus
ls cp jgh gSaA
oxZ ds vk/kkj ij Jsf.k;ksa esa
foHkktu] tSls jsy es]a lekIr gksuk
pkfg,A T;knk iSls nsdj csgrj
lqfo/kkvksa dks izkIr djus dh
O;oLFkk iwathoknh lksp dk fgLlk
17 | lPph eqPph

gSA ;g lekIr gksuh pkfg,A vfr
fof'k"V O;fDr dh Js.kh lekIr
gksuh pkfg,A ;g /kkj.kk gh
yksdra= ds f[kykQ gSA yksdra= esa
lcdks cjkcj dk ntkZ feyuk
pkfg,A 'kL= vk/kkfjr lqj{kk dk
izpyu #duk pkfg,A iqfyl o
lsuk dks NksM+ fdlh ds ikl 'kL=
ugha gksus pkfg,A
dqiks"k.k ls fuiVus ds fy, lHkh
/kkfeZd LFkyksa o Lo;a lsoh laLFkkvksa
ds fy, yaxj pykuk vfuok;Z gksuk
pkfg,A lkoZtfud forj.k iz.kkyh
dk yksd O;kihdj.k] ;kuh lHkh dks
de dher ij vukt miyC/k gksuk
pkfg,A
'kjkc] rEckdw o ykWVjh ij izfrca/k
yxuk pkfg,A ;s phtsa lekt dks
uqdlku T;knk igqapkrh gSaA 'kkjkc
o ykWVjh ds vk; ds izyksHku ls
ljdkjksa dks cpuk pkfg,A
lkbfdy dks NksM+ futh okguksa ij
izfrca/k yxuk pkfg, vkSj
lkoZtfud ;krk;kr dh O;oLFkk
lqn`<+ gksuh pkfg,A oSls Hkh tc
isVªksy&Mhty ds Hk.Mkj lekIr
gksus ds djhc igqapasxs] ftlesa 'kk;n
30&40 o"kZ gh 'ks"k jg x, gSa] rks
ges fodYi <wa<uk gh iM+x
s kA blls
tyok;q ifjorZu ds ladV ls Hkh
gesa mcjus esa enn feysxhA

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012

nwj lapkj dh lsok eqQ~r gksuh
pkfg,] ikuh eqQ~r gkuhs pkfg,]
Hkwfe lkoZtfud gksuh pkfg, vkSj
rjaxksa ;k vU; fdlh izkd`frd
lalk/ku ij equkQk dekus ij
izfrca/k gksuk pkfg,A
jkT; o ns'k ds Lrj ij fy, tkus
okys QSlyksa dk xzke lHkkvksa o
okMZ lHkkvksa ls vuqeksnu vfuok;Z
gksuk pkfg,A T;knkrj QSlys
LFkkuh; Lrj ij gksus ls turk dh
lh/ks Hkkxhnkjh gks ldrh gSA ;kuh
izfrfuf/k yksdra= ls gesa lgHkkxh
yksdra= dh rjQ c<+uk pkfg,A
lkaln o fo/kk;d fuf/k lekIr
gksuh pkfg, D;ksfa d lkaln o
fo/kk;d fo/kkf;dk dk fgLlk gSaA
fodkl dk;ksZa dks fdz;kfUor djkuk
dk;Zikfydk dk dke gSA ;s fuf/k;ka
Hkz"Vkpkj dk lzksr cu xbZ gSaA
LVkWd ,Dlpsat o ok;nk dkjksckj
can gksus pkfg,A budh otg ls
cktkj esa t:jh phtksa ds nke
vuko';d c<+ tkrs gSa vkSj Qk;nk
flQZ fcpkSfy;ksa dk gksrk gSA
lfpoky; esa ukSdj'kkgksa ls feyus
ds fy, ikl dh O;oLFkk lekIr
gksuh pkfg,A ukSdj'kkg ;fn tu
lsod gS rks og turk ls feyus ls
dSls cp ldrk gS\ tc eq[; ea=h
18 | lPph eqPph

jkT; o ns'k ds Lrj ij fy, tkus
okys QSlyksa dk xzke lHkkvksa o okMZ
lHkkvksa ls vuqeksnu vfuok;Z gksuk
pkfg,A T;knkrj QSlys LFkkuh;
Lrj ij gksus ls turk dh lh/ks
Hkkxhnkjh gks ldrh gSA ;kuh
izfrfuf/k yksdra= ls gesa lgHkkxh
yksdra= dh rjQ c<+uk pkfg,
rd turk njckj yxk dj turk
ls feyus dks rS;kj gSa rks ukSdj'kkg
vius vki dks lfpoky; dh lqj{kk
esa D;ksa can j[kuk pkgrs gSa\
;fn mi;qDrZ esa ls dqN
phtsa Hkh gksus yxrh gSa rks turk
dks cM+h jkgr feysxhA ge
lektokn dk vkn'kZ rks 'kk;n
ugha lkdkj dj ik,axs fdUrq
iwathoknh O;oLFkk dk paxqy rks
<hyk gksuk 'kq: gksxkA yksfg;k dks
viuk
vkn'kZ
ekuus
okyh
lektoknh ikVhZ D;k yksfg;k ds
dqN O;ogkfjd fl)karksa dks
viuk,xh\

MkW0 lanhi ik.Ms;
ys[kd eSxlsls iq:Ldkj ls
lEekfur ofj"B lkekftd
dk;ZdrkZ gSa vkSj vkbZ0vkbZ0Vh0 ds
iwoZ f'k{kd HkhA

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012

fiNys fnuksa fofHkUu
jktuhfrd ny viuh&viuh ilan
ds jk"Vªifr in gsrq uke izLrkfor
djus esa yxs jgsA 'kq: esa ekuk tk
jgk Fkk fd eqyk;e flag ;kno
HkwriwoZ jk"Vªifr ,-ih-ts- vCnqy
dyke ds uke dk leFkZu djsaxsA
;g /kkj.kk rc vkSj etcwr gks xbZ
tc 'kjn iokj ds bl izLrko dk
fd jk"Vªifr in dk mEehnokj
xSj&jktuhfrd O;fDr gksuk pkfg,
eqyk;e flag us leFkZu fd;kA
fdUrq fQj eqyk;e flag bl ckr
ls ihNs gVrs fn[ksA m/kj ykyw
;kno us mi jk"Vªifr gkfen
valkjh ds uke dk izLrko jk"Vªifr
in ds fy, j[k fn;kA ykyw ;kno
dkaxzsl ds bruk utnhd gSa fd
,slk izrhr gqvk fd dkaxzsl dh
ilan Hkh gkfen valkjh gh gksAa
if'pe caxky ds HkwriwoZ jkT;iky
xksiky d`".k xka/kh] ,-ds- ,aVuh]
ehjk dqekj] lq'khy dqekj f'kans vkSj
;gka rd fd MkW eueksgu flag]ds
uke Hkh ppkZ esa vk,A fdUrq vc
ofj"B dkaxzslh usrk iz.ko eq[kthZ ds
uke ij lgefr curh fn[kkbZ iM+
jgh gSA i{k&foi{k ds dbZ nyksa dks

vHkh rd ppkZ esa vk, lHkh ukeksa esa
ls lcls Lohdk;Z uke ;gh ekywe
iM+ jgk gSA
fdUrq dkaxzsl ds gh dqN
usrkvks]a tSl]s lyeku [kq'khZn o
js.kqdk pkS/kjh] ds c;kuksa ls ;g Hkh
yxrk gS fd 'kk;n dkaxzsl ikVhZ]
tks orZeku le; esa fo'oluh;rk
ds xEHkhj ladV ls xqtj jgh gS]
ds fy, iz.ko eq[kthZ tSls ladV
ekspd O;fDr dh lsokvksa dh ikVhZ
dks T;knk t:jr gSA ;g iz.ko
eq[kthZ dk nqHkkZX; gh gS fd ujflag
jko ds le; ls iz/kku ea=h in ds
nkosnkj gksrs gq, Hkh ges'kk muls
vis{kk dh xbZ gS fd os vius

O;fDrxr fgr dks ikVhZ fgrksa ds
vk/khu gh j[ksaxsA
oSls jk"Vªifr in dh xfjek
vkSj bl in ij jgus okys ds fy,
rVLFkrk
cuk,
j[kus
dh
vok';drk dks ns[krs gq, ;g
O;fDr fdlh eq[; /kkjk ds ny ls
u gh tqMk+ gks rks vPNk jgsxkA
ysfdu vCnqy dyke tSlk ,dne
vjktuhfrd O;fDr Hkh Bhd ugha
gS D;ksfa d mls ns'k dh lkekftd]
vkfFkZd o jktuhfrd fLFkfr dh
Bhd&Bhd le> rks j[kuh pkfg,A
ns'k dh jktuhfrd fLFkfr
dh vPNh le> j[kus okys ,d
O;fDr tks nyh; jktuhfrd ds
nk;js ls ca/ks ugha gSa vkSj tks 'kk;n
bl le; ns'k ds lcls yksdfiz;
tu uk;d gSa os gS v..kk gtkjsA
mUgksua s yksdra= esa laln dh rkdr
ls lEizHkq turk dh rkdr gS ;g
ns'kokfl;ksa dks fn[kk;k gSA laln
us Hkh mudks oks lEeku fn;k gS tks
fdlh ;qx iq#"k dks feyuk pkfg,A
dk;ns ls rks lHkh nyksa dks v..kk
ds fy, loZ lEefr ls jk"Vªifr in
NksM+ nsuk pkfg,A fdUrq v..kk us
fdlh laoS/kkfud in dks u xzg.k
djus dk viuk QSlyk igys gh
lquk fn;k gSA oSls v..kk gtkjs ds
jk"Vªifr cuus ls ml izfdz;k dh
'kq#vkr gks ldrh Fkh ftlds fy,
20 | lPph eqPph

ns'kokfl;ksa dh vis{kk muds
vkanksyu ls tx xbZ gS & ;kuh
Hkz"Vkpkj ls eqfDr dhA
bl dM+h esa ,d vU; uke
gS U;k;ewfrZ jkftUnj lPpj dkA
fnYyh mPp U;k;ky; ds HkwriwoZ
eq[; U;k;k/kh'k gksus dh otg ls
lafo/kku ,oa fof/k ds Kkrk gksus ds
lkFk&lkFk jkftUnj lPpj lekt
dh Hkh cgqr xgjh le> j[krs gSa
tSlk mUgksaus eqlyekuksa dh
lkekftd&vkfFkZd fLFkfr ij viuh
v/;{krk esa cuh lfefr dh jiV
izLrqr dj fn[kk;k gSA vktknh ds
igys] 1946] esa gh os lks'kfyLV
ikVhZ esa 'kkfey gks x, Fks vkSj MkW
jke euksgj yksfg;k ds lkFk dke
djus dk mudks cgqewY; vuqHko
izkIr gSA muds firk Hkhelsu lPpj
vfoHkkftr iatkc esa ea=h rFkk
vktknh ds ckn Hkkjrh; iatkc ds
igys eq[; ea=h jgsA blfy,
jkftUnj lPpj dks jktuhfr dks
dkQh djhc ls ns[kus dk ekSdk
feyk gSA jkftUnj lPPkj ml nkSj
ds O;fDr gSa tc yksx vius
jktuhfrd ewY;ksa esa fu"Bk dh otg
ls vius dks jktuhfrd izyksHku ls
nwj j[kuk tkurs FksA
Hkkjrh; jktuhfr esa tks
lcls cM+k {kj.k gqvk gS og gS
ewY;ksa dkA ftl fdLe dh

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012

voljoknh jktuhfr gekjs ns'k ij
gkoh gS mlls fdlh dk Hkyk rks
ugha gks ldrkA bl ns'k dh
jktuhfr dks iVjh ij ykus dk
egRoiw.kZ dke v..kk gtkjs vkSj
jkftUnj lPpj tSls O;fDr gh dj
ldrs gSa ftudh ns'k ds lafo/kku
esa fufgr ewY;ksa esa xgjh vkLFkk gksA
dksbZ eq[; /kkjk dh jktuhfr ls
vk;k gqvk O;fDr rks ;g dke ugha
dj ldrk u ge vkt nkos ds
lkFk ;g dg ldrs gSa fd mldh
laoS/kkfud ewY;ksa esa vkLFkk gh gSA
jkftUnj lPpj dk bl
ns'k ds fy, lcls cM+k ;ksxnku
;g jgk fd tc vkradokn dh
jktuhfr us bl ns'k dks l'kafdr
dj fn;k Fkk vkSj e/; oxZ vkSj
lapkj ek/;e ns'k ds gjsd
eqlyeku esa vkradoknh dh Nfo
ns[kus yxs Fks rks eqlyekuksa dh
lkekftd&vkfFkZd fLFkfr dk
okLrfod fp=.k turk ds lkeus
j[k bl ns'k dks crk;k fd
eqlyeku nks"kh ugha cfYd ihfM+r
gSA jkrks&
a jkr ns'k ds eu esa
eqlyeku dk fp=.k cny x;kA
blls jkftUnj lPpj us u flQZ
eqlyekuksa dk Hkyk fd;k cfYd
ns'k dk Hkh Hkyk fd;kA leL;k dks
Bhd ls le>s fcuk mldk gy
ugha [kkstk tk ldrk gSA vc ns'k
us ;g le> fy;k gS fd
21 | lPph eqPph

vkardokn dk fdlh /keZ fo'ks"k ls
rkYyqd ugha gS vkSj eqlyekuksa dk
fiNM+kiu mudh vlqj{kk dk dkj.k
curk gSA
;g jkftUnj lPpj dh
v/;{krk okyh jiV dk gh ifj.kke
gS fd eqfLye vkj{k.k dk loky
vc Hkktik dks NksM+ yxHkx lHkh
ny mBk jgs gSaA cfYd bl ckr
dh gksM+ yxh gS fd dkSu
eqlyekuksa dk T;knk Hkyk dj nsA
bl n`f"V ls jkftUnj lPpj dk
;ksxnku ,sfrgkfld gSA
;fn lHkh ny fey dj
U;k;ewfrZ jkftUnj lPpj dk pquko
jk"Vªifr in ds fy, djrs gSa rks
bl ns'k esa ,d u, jktuhfrd
v/;k; dh 'kq#vkr gks ldrh gS
ftlesa os ewY; iqu% LFkkfir gksx
a s
ftuds fcuk gekjs yksdra= dk
ykHk vke balku dks ugha fey ik
jgkA jktuhfrK u gksrs gq, Hkh
xgjh
lkekftd
&vkfFkZd&
jktuhfrd le> j[kus okyk vkSj
thou esa lknxh ds ewY; dks thus
okyk O;fDr Hkkjrh; jktuhfr dks
og fn'kk ns ldrk gS ftldk
liuk gekjs Lora=rk laxzke
lsukfu;ksa us ns[kk FkkA

MkW0 lanhi ik.Ms;

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012

10&5&2012 vk’kk vkJe ykyiqj
ij xjhc efgyk dks lkM+h forj.k
123456789101112131415161718192021-

dze la[;k & uke & ifr dk
22dSyk”kk
dq¡vj
23oSluiqjok
24jkensoh tsts yks/kkSjk
25jktjkuh
HkqYyw Hkjkou
:dfeu
uUgdkÅ
26lksfygk
Hkxkuh ljtw Hkjkou
27Jherh f'kojke
Hkjkou
28cq/kkuk xus”kh Hkksygs[ksM+k
egkjktk
eksgu
29Hkksygs[ksM+k
30xqM~Mh bUnziky
31Hkksygs[ksM+k
32deyk lUrh ojkSyh
jkensoh oUrkofj
ojkSyh
33Qwyerh
Jhiky ojkSyh
uUgdh lqd: ojkSyh
34jensbZ Lo- jebZ
ykyiqj
35yYrk Lo- df<+ys ykyiqj
36t'kksnk Lo-Vhdk
ykyiqj
fHkBkuk Lo-/kuh ykyiqj
37iIih Lo- jkftUnz ykyiqj
jkedyh
Lo“kEHkw
38ykyiqj
egnsb Lo-tks/ks
ykyiqj
39f'kojkuk
Lo-ujk;u
40ykyiqj

uke & Xkk¡o
xaxknsbZ eksguyky ykyiqj
Jherh
tktwiqj
dsrkdk
tktwiqj
fo[kjkbu
fgjkbZ[ksMk+
jkeI;kjh
tktwiqj
uUgh
tktwiqj
xaxknsbZ xaxkjke
ojkUrkiqj
uUgh uUg ojkUrkiqj
xqM~Mh jke”kadj
ojkSyh
ikoZrh
xksVb;k
f'kojkuh
xksVb;k
lhrk ?kkslkuh
vEojiqj
jhuk jktw xksVb;k
lUuks jes'k xksVb;k
uUgdbZ
vjgk;
oaxkyiqj
nqykjk fnzfot;
oaxkyiqj
txjkuk
fo'kuw
oaxkyiqj
lUrh Hkjksls oaxkyiqj
jkensoh jkeukFk
oaxkyiqj

41424344454647484950-

Qwyerh
NksVsyky
ujksb;k
lkfo=h
tktwiqj
T;kuerh
xkSygs[ksM+k
jktjkuh
xaxk[kM+k
iPpw
tktwiqj
f'konqykjs
ifjZFkk
feBkuk df<+ys ykyiqj
feBkuk pafndk ykyiqj
lqeu
okdhuxj
jkeirh exjk

vk'kk vkJe ij yaxj
esa [kpZ 22@2@2012 ls
31@3@2012 rd
jk”ku fdjkuk LVksj o cktkj ls
7]651 :0
lCth vkyw 1]034 :0
dqy [kpZ
9]655 :0
vU; [kpZ
isVªksy jkeHkjksls
200 :0
isVªksy jkeckcw 100 :0
eks-&9919823845 Hkxokunhu
441 :0

23 | lPph eqPph

nok gsrq
Hkxokunhu
835
:0
pk; vkJe ij
150 :0
dq”k [kjhnk x;k
&
2]200
:0
Ektnwjh dq'k mBkus gsrq
600
:0
&
vkJe ij iksrkbZ gsrq 400
:0
&
Bsfy;k fdjk;k ydM+h okLrs
50 :0
&
dqy [kpZ
5]151 :0
vk'kk vkJe Hkxokunhu
dqy [kpZ 22@2@2012 ls
31@3@2012 rd& 14]806 :0
ek=

vf/kd tkudkjh ds fy,
yaxj lapkyd
Hkxokunhu ls
9919823845 ij lEidZ
fd;k tk ldrk gSA ;g
yaxj uohu frokjh th
ds vkfFkZd lg;ksx ls
py jgk gSA

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012

lks'kfyLV ikVhZZ ¼bafM;k½ & mRrj
izns'k fo/kku lHkkvksa ds pquko
2012 esa mEehnokjksa dk C;ksjk
dz- uke
la- izR;k”kh

uke fo/kku
lHkk@fuokZpu
{ks=
1- Jh lq”khy 172 y[kuÅ
dq- voLFkh dS.V
2- Jh
174 y[kuÅ
deykdkUr e/;
f=osnh
3- Jh bUnw
173 y[kuÅ
flag
iwohZ
4- Jh Vsd
286 Lknj
pUnz oekZ
cgjkbp
5- Jh xaxkjke 284 HkVsjk
cgjkbp
6- Jh lqHkk’k 287 i;kxiqj
pUnz
cgjkbp
7- Jh rqykjke 295 esgukSu
frokjh
xks.Mk
8- Jh lS¸;n 125 Ckjsyh
jkf”kn vyh dSa.V
9- Jh gfj jke 309 :nkSyh
cLrh
10- Jh yodq”k 311 egknsok
jk.kk
cLrh lqjf{kr
11- Jh vt; cLrh lnj
eksgu xk¡/kh
12- Jh t;pUnz 375 Xkkthiqj
24 | lPph eqPph

izkIr
er
la[;k
277

pquko
[kpZ
C;ksjk
40]000

eks-@Qksu

254

1]67]369 8004850273

107

22]000

9455249562

499

20]000

9721674629

1352

35]000

9451215597

889

1]90]000 9208534958

684

9919427808

fVIi.kh

9454699011

345

20]000

9219216874

1077

75]000

9839550004

3884

79]000

1167

25]000

mPp

3]82]600 9451104260 funZyh;

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012

frokjh

lnj

13- Jherh
jensbZ
14- Jh lqjUs nz
iky
15- Jh fo|k
izdk”k
ik.Ms;
16- Jh lqnkek
f=ikBh

U;k}kjk
iqu%
fxurh
dk
vkns”k
323 44]778

161 l.Mhyk
gjnksbZ
158 lk.Mh
1571
gjnksbZ lqjf{kr
330 iMjkSuk
500
dq”khuxj

169 cD”kh
rkykc
y[kuÅ
17- Jh deyk 236 dohZ
dqekj feJk fp=dwV
18- Jh jkepUnz 153 fefJ[k
HkkxZo
lhrkiqj
lqjf{kr
19- Jh Mk-W
“kkgtgkaiqj
bjQku
lnj

gq,

9918864999

1]50]000 9984995929
70]000

9795464913 funZyh;
gq,

848

70]000

9415452496

708

1]00]000 9919434562

504

75]000

288

41]200

9208607461

vkfFkZd lg;ksx djus okys O;fDr;ksa dk uke ,oa
lg;ksx jkf’k vkSj jensbZ ds fuokZpu {ks= 161
l.Mhyk esa izR;k’kh gsrq [kpZ dk O;ksjk
vk;
dzla125 | lPph eqPph

uke

O;;
jkf”k

Jh jksfgr :- 20]000

uke
ukekadu gsrq

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

jkf”k
:- 6]700
twu 2012

23-

4-

xqIrk
Jh jtuh”k pUnzk :- 5]000
Jh vf[kys”k :- 1]000
“kqDyk

lks”kfyLV ikVhZ :- 5]000
}kjk
pUnk
Jh vcqy QSt :- 5]000

5Jh “ke”kkn vgen :- 1]500

isVªksy
QksVksdkih]
LVs”kujh] dsoy
lkns isij]
jftLVj] isu]
vkyfiu] LVsiyj
bR;kfn
uk”rk] [kkuk]
pk; vkfn ij
[kpZ] vkJe ij
,oa {ks= es]a
xkM+h fdjk;k]
O;fDrxr]
isVªkseSDl

:- 16]550
:- 1]284

izpkj lkexzh]
>.Ms] cSuj]
iksLVj] iIQysV~l
izslokrkZ] lkewfge
ehsfVax Lokeh
vfXuos”k th dh]
jSyh [kpZ
eksckby fjpktZ
jkeckcw] eksVj
lkbfdy
fjis;fjax]
lfoZflx] Vk;j
,d iqjkuh
lk;dy gjh”kadj
gsrq
izR;k”kh gsrq “kky

:- 4]160

:- 8]236

:- 2]108
:- 50

67-

Jh vuqt laxy :- 5]000

8- “kqJh eqDrk f=ikBh :- 1]200

9- Jh dqynhi uS¸;j :- 2]500
10- Jh nsonkl iqjanjs :- 3]600

11- Jh vo/ks”k “kqDyk :- 51
12dqy ;ksx&:49]851
26 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

:- 700

:- 165
:- 3]770

:- 835
:- 220
dqy ;ksx&:44]778

twu 2012

risfnd ¼Vhch½ vc ,d lwpuh; jksx
risfnd ;k Vhch dks ,d lwpuh;
jksx ?kksf"kr djds tgka ,d vksj
Hkkjr ljdkj dk iqujhf{kr jk"Vªh;
Vhch
fu;a=.k
dk;ZØe
¼vkj,uVhlhih½ ljkguk dk ik=
gS] ogha nwljh vksj mls mu vusd
lko/kkfu;ksa dk ikyu djuk Hkh
vfuok;Z gksxk ftuds cxSj lHkh
Vhch jksfx;ksa dks mipkj lsok,¡
miyC/k djkuk laHko ugha gksxkA
ljdkj ds fy, dnkfpr [krjs dh
?kaVh rc cth tc eqacbZ esa
vR;f/kd vkS"kf/k çfrjks/kd Vhch ¼
VksVyh Mªx jsflLVsaV Vhch½ ds
ekeys lkeus vk,] ftlds
QyLo:i Hkkjr ljdkj us Vhch
dks lwpuh; jksxksa esa 'kkfey djus
dk fu.kZ; fy;kA
blds dqN ldkjkRed ifj.kke
vo'; fudysx
a s—tSls fd lHkh
futh MkDVjksa] LokLF; çcU/kdks]a
ç;ksx'kkykvksa ,oa vU; ns[kHkky
djus okyksa dks çR;sd Vhch dsl
dh lwpuk ljdkj dks nsuh gksxh]
ftlls ns'k esa Vhch jksx dh fLFkfr
dk okLrfod fo'ys"k.k gks ldsxk
fd ns'k esa Vhch jksfx;ksa dh la[;k
fdruh gS] muesa ls fdrus ljdkjh
mipkj lsokvksa dk ykHk mBk jgs
gSa] vkSj fdrus futh {ks= ds
27 | lPph eqPph

MkDVjksa ls mipkj ys jgs gSaA bl
çdkj dh vU; tkudkjh çkIr gksus
ls tu LokLF; laca/kh ldkjkRed
urhts fudky ldrs gSaA LokLF;
ea=ky; ds Vhch fMohtu ds
egkfuns'kd Mk v'kksd dqekj us
vkbZch,u ykbo Vhoh U;wt esa dgk
fd] ÞVhch dslksa dh lEiw.kZ
tkudkjh gksuk cgqr vko';d
gSAvr: lHkh LokLF;dehZ vius
{ks= ds çR;sd Vhch jksxh dh
tkudkjh çR;sd ekg ,d fu/kkZfjr
çi= ij LFkkuh; vf/kdkfj;ks]a tSls
ftyk
LokLF;
vf/kdkjh]eq[;
fpfdRlk vf/kdkjh] uxjikfydk ds
LokLF; vf/kdkjh dks vfuok;Zr:
çnku djsx
a sßA
ijarq bl fu;e ds nq%[kn ifj.kke
Hkh gks ldrs gSa] fo'ks"kdj mu
yksxksa ds fy, ftUgsa Vhch mipkj
lsok,¡ vHkh miyC/k gh ugha gSa vkSj
ftudh bl u;h O;oLFkk ds pyrs
vusd dkj.kksa ls Hkwfexr gksus dh
laHkkouk c<+us ls os futh vFkok
lkoZtfud LokLF; lsokvksa rd
igq¡pus esa ckf/kr gks ldrs gSaA bl
lcds Vhch fu;a=.k vkSj LokLF;
O;oLFkk ij O;kid çfrdwy çHkko
iM+ ldrs gSaA

'kksHkk 'kqDyk & lh-,u-,l-

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012

28 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012

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