Soil Chemistry

CBMT Crew

Soil Chemistry

Soil Chemistry

Soil Chemistry

Aspen Stands and Implications of Conifer Removal - Nitrogen
Soil Nitrogen Chem istry in Aspen Stands 2.00 1.80 1.60 1.40 1.20 1.00 0.80 0.60 0.40 0.20 0.00

Concentration (ppm, mg/L)

1 .49 1 .29

Conifer removed Outside Stand

0.86 0.70 0.55 0.36 0.63 0.1 0 0.1 1

Mixed aspen / conifer

NH4-N

NO3-N

NO2-N

• The increase in nitrites is likely due to the conversion of ammonia to nitrites in the process of becoming nitrates. • Other differences are statistically insignificant
» Based on 16 comparative samples

Aspen Stands and Implications of Conifer Removal – Other Soil Chemistry
Soil Chemistry in Aspen Stands
6.00

Concentration (ppm, mg/L)

5.00 4.00 3.00 2.00 1.00 0.02 0.11 0.04 0.00 PO4 K 2.70 4.70 Conif er removed 3.53 Outside Stand Mixed aspen / conif er

• Ammonia appears to increase significantly during first year in aspen stands when conifers are removed • Potassium increases are barely significant (a = 0.05) • Other differences are statistically insignificant
» Based on 16 comparative samples

The Effect of Slashbusting and Subsequent Burning - Nitrogen
Com paris ion of Nitroge n Che m is try in Slas h Bus t Tre atm e nts 3.00

Concentration (ppm, mg/L)

2.50 2.00

2.35

Non Slash Bust 1.50 1.11 1.00 0.86 0.50 0.00 NH4-N NO3-N 0.68 0.32 Slash Bust SB Burn

0.53 0.03 0.02 0.00 NO2-N

• Burning appears to increase ammonia and nitrate significantly • Control and slashbusted sites are not statistically different
– Based on 30 comparative samples

The Effect of Slashbusting and Subsequent Burning – Other Soil Chemistry
Com paris ion of Soil Che m is try in Slas h Bus t Tre atm e nts 20

Concentration (ppm, mg/L)

18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 PO4 K 0.58 1.77 0.75 10.4 7.8 Non Slash Bust Slash Bust SB Burn 14.4

• Burning appears to increase ammonia significantly • Burning appears to decrease potassium, though it is barely significant (a = 0.043) • Control and slashbusted sites are not statistically different
– Based on 30 comparative samples

Soil Chemistry following Wildfire and Harvest - Nitrogen
Comparison of Soil Chemistry by Treatment (harvest vs non-harvest) post Toolbox Complex Wildfire
0.6 0.5 0.47 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 NH4-N NO3-N 0.13 0.03 0.06 0.22 0.4 Harvest Non Harvest

Concentration (ppm)

NO2-N

• ANOVA tests indicate that there were no statistically significant differences between harvested and non-harvested wildfire sites in the Toolbox Complex. • The most significant was nitrate (a = 0.055)
– – Results based on 27 comparable samples On average 24 trees per acre were harvested

Soil Chemistry following Wildfire and Harvest – Other Soil Chemistry
Comparison of Soil Chemistry by Treatment (harvest vs non-harvest) post Toolbox Complex Wildfire
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 PO4 K 5.13 7.17 6.3 7.61 Harvest Non Harvest

• ANOVA tests indicate that there were no statistically significant differences between harvested and non-harvested wildfire sites in the Toolbox Complex.
– – Results based on 27 comparable samples On average 24 trees per acre were harvested

Concentration (ppm)

Comparison of Juniper Treatments on Soil Chemistry - Nitrogen
Comparison of Soil Nitroten Chemistry in Juniper Treatments
Concentration (ppm, mg/L)
2.5 2.0 1.5 1.11 1.0 0.5 0.0 NH4-N NO3-N NO2-N 0.97 0.94 0.82 0.49 0.29 0.34 0.25 0.23 0.29 0.07 1.77 Burn Cut Live Open

• Nitrates increase significantly compared to all other treatments when juniper is burned. • All other values are statistically insignificant.
– Based on 73 comparative samples

Comparison of Juniper Treatments on Soil Chemistry – Other Soil Chemistry
Comparison of Soil Chemistry by Juniper Treatment Options
9.0
Concentration (ppm, mg/L)

8.0 7.0 6.0 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 0.0 PO4
1.64 0.60 1.87 1.79

6.99

6.72 6.12

6.23

Burn Cut Live Open

K

• Phosphates decrease significantly when juniper is cut. • All other values are statistically insignificant.
– Based on 73 comparative samples

Role of Woody Debris - Nitrogen
Com parisons of Nitrogen Concentrations in Dense Forests 1.2

Concentration (ppm, mg/L)

1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 NH4-N NO3-N 0.07 0 0.00 0.70 Under Duf f Exposed Under DWD 0.40 0.38 0.42 0.35

0.75

NO2-N

• The small number of comparative samples rends all data statistically insignificantly • It does appear that there may be a strong correlation between thatched duff / litter and nutrient cycling. • It does not appear that downed woody debris plays much of a role until it is in later stages of decomposition.
– Results are based on 9 comparative samples

Woody Debris - Other Soil Chemistry
Com paris ons of Nitroge n Conce ntrations in De ns e Fore s ts

3.5

Concentration (ppm, mg/L)

3 2.5 2

2.53 Under Duf f 1.45 Exposed Under DWD 1.15

1.5 1 0.5 0 PO4 0.14 0 0

K

• The small number of comparative samples rends all data statistically insignificantly • It does appear that there may be a strong correlation between thatched duff / litter and nutrient cycling. • It does not appear that downed woody debris plays much of a role until it is in later stages of decomposition.
– Results are based on 9 comparative samples