:yfgLo :jfoQ zf;g P]g , @)%%

nfndf]x/ / k|s fzg ldlt
@)%^.!.!^
@)%^ ;fnsf] P]g g+= %
:yfgLo :jfoQ zf;g ;DaGwdf Joj:yf ug{ ag]s f] P]g
k|: tfjgfM
tfjgf ljs]Gb|Ls/0fsf] dfWodåf/f ;fj{ef}d;Qf ;DkGg hgtfnfO{ zf;g k|lqmofdf clwsflws
dfqfdf ;lDdlnt x'g] cj;/ h'6fO{ k|hftGqsf nfex¿sf] pkef]u ug{ ;Sg] Joj:yf ug{,
cfk\mgf] If]qsf] ljsf;sf] nflu ;fwgsf] kl/rfng, ljlgof]hg / ljsf;sf] k|ltkmnsf] ;Gt'lnt
tyf ;dfg ljt/0fdf ;fdflhs ;dfgtf Nofpg] sfo{df hghflt, cflbjf;L, blnt / ;fdflhs tyf
cfly{s b[li6sf]0fn] lk5l8Psf ju{ ;d]tsf ;du| hgtfsf] ;xeflutfdf clej[l4 ub}{ ljsf;
k|lqmofnfO{ ;+:yfut ug{,
of]hgfx¿sf] th'{df / ;+rfng ug{ cfjZos lhDd]jf/L / clwsf/ :yfgLo :t/df g} k|bfg
u/L hjfkmb]xL axg ug{ ;Sg] :yfgLo lgsfox¿sf] ;+:yfut ljsf; ug{, /
:yfgLo g]t[Tjsf] ljsf; u/L hgtfsf] b}lgs cfjZostf tyf hghLjgnfO{ c;/ kfg]{
ljifox¿df lg0f{o ug{ ;Sg] u/L :yfgLo :jfoQ zf;g k4ltsf] ljsf;sf] nflu :yfgLo lgsfox¿sf]
u7g ug{ jfG5gLo ePsf]n],
>L % dxf/fhflw/fh jL/]G b| jL/ ljqmd zfxb]j sf] zf;gsfnsf] ;QfO;f}+ jif{df ;+;bn] of]
P]g agfPsf] 5 .
efu – !
k|f/lDes
!=

;+l IfKt gfd / k|f/DeM
/De -!_ o; P]gsf] gfd æ:yfgLo :jfoQ zf;g P]g, @)%%Æ /x]sf] 5 .
-@_

@=

of] P]g t'?Gt k|f/De x'g]5 .

kl/efiffM
kl/efiff ljifo jf k|;+un] csf]{ cy{ gnfu]df o; P]gdf,–
-s_ æ:yfgLo lgsfoÆ eGgfn] ufpF ljsf; ;ldlt, gu/kflnsf / lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt
;Demg' k5{ .
-v_ æufpF kl/ifb\\Æ eGgfn] bkmf * adf]lhd ul7t ufpF kl/ifb\\ ;Demg' k5{ .
-u_ æufpF ljsf; ;ldltÆ eGgfn] bkmf !@ adf]lhd ul7t ufpF ljsf; ;ldlt ;Demg'
k5{ .
-3_ æj8f ;ldltÆ eGgfn] ufpF ljsf; ;ldltsf] ;DjGwdf bkmf & adf]lhd /
gu/kflnsfsf] xsdf bkmf &% adf]lhd ul7t j8f ;ldlt ;Demg' kb{5 .

1

-ª_ æcWoIfÆ eGgfn] ufpF ljsf; ;ldltsf] cWoIf ;Demg' k5{ .
-r_ æpkfWoIfÆ eGgfn] ufpF ljsf; ;ldltsf] pkfWoIf ;Demg' k5{ .
-5_ ægu/ kl/ifb\\Æ eGgfn] bkmf &^ adf]lhd ul7t gu/ kl/ifb\\ ;Demg' k5{.
-h_ ægu/kflnsfÆ eGgfn] bkmf *) adf]lhd ul7t gu/kflnsf ;Demg' k5{ .
-em_ æk|d'vÆ eGgfn] gu/kflnsfsf] k|d'v ;Demg' k5{ .
-`_ æpk–k|d'vÆ eGgfn] gu/kflnsfsf] pk–k|d'v ;Demg' k5{ .
-6_ ælhNnf kl/ifb\\Æ eGgfn] bkmf !&@ adf]lhd ul7t lhNnf kl/ifb\\ ;Demg' k5{ .
-7_ ælhNnf ljsf; ;ldltÆ eGgfn] bkmf !&^ adf]lhd ul7t lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt
;Demg' k5{ .
-8_ æ;efkltÆ eGgfn] lhNnf ljsf; ;ldtsf] ;efklt ;Demg' k5{ .
-9_ æpk–;efkltÆ eGgfn] lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] pk–;efklt ;Demg' k5{ .
-0f_ æ;b:oÆ eGgfn]
-!_ ufpF ljsf; ;ldltsf] ;DjGwdf ufpF ljsf; ;ldltsf] ;b:o ;Demg' k5{ / ;f]
zAbn] ufpF ljsf; ;ldltsf] cWoIf / pkfWoIfnfO{ ;d]t hgfpF5 .
-@_ gu/kflnsfsf] ;DjGwdf gu/kflnsfsf] ;b:o ;Demg' k5{ / ;f] zAbn]
gu/kflnsfsf] k|d'v / pk–k|d'vnfO{ ;d]t hgfpF5 .
-#_ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] ;DjGwdf lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] ;b:o ;Demg' k5{ /
;f] zAbn] lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] ;efklt / pk–;efkltnfO{ ;d]t hgfpF5 .
-t_ æ;lrjÆ eGgfn]–
-!_ ufpF ljsf; ;ldltsf] ;DaGwdf bkmf @%# adf]lhd ufpF ljsf; ;ldltsf] ;lrj
eO{ sfd ug{ lgo'Qm sd{rf/L ;Demg' k5{ .
-@_ gu/kflnsfsf] ;DjGwdf bkmf @%# adf]lhd gu/kflnsfsf] ;lrj eO{ sfd ug{
lgo'Qm sd{rf/L ;Demg' k5{ .
-#_ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] ;DjGwdf bkmf @%# adf]lhd lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf]
;lrj eO{ sfd ug{ lgo'Qm sd{rf/L ;Demg' k5{ .
-y_ ætf]lsPsf]Æ jf ætf]lsP adf]lhdÆ eGgfn] o; P]g jf o; P]g cGtu{t ag]sf]
lgod jf ljlgoddf tf]lsPsf] jf tf]lsP adf]lhd ;Demg' k5{ .
#=

:yfgLo :jfoQ zf;gsf l;4fGt tyf gLltx¿M
gLltx¿ g]kfn clw/fHosf] ;+ljwfg, @)$& n]
ljs]Gb|Ls/0fsf ;DjGwdf dfu{lgb]{z u/]cg';f/ g]kfn ;/sf/n] :yfgLo :jfoQ zf;g k4ltsf]
ljsf;sf] nflu b]xfosf l;4fGt tyf gLltx¿nfO{ cjnDjg ug]{5 .

2

-s_ :yfgLo :jfoQ zf;gdf :yfgLo lgsfox¿nfO{ ;Ifd / k|efjsf/L agfpg cfjZos
kg]{ clwsf/, lhDd]jf/L / >f]t ;fwg lgIf]k0f ug]{ .
-v_ :yfgLo lgsfodf :yfgLo hgtfsf] nflu ;f]Rg] / hjfkmb]xL jxg ug{ ;Sg] ;+:yfut
;+oGq / sfo{ut ;+/rgfsf] lgdf{0f u/L ljsf; ug]{ .
-u_ :yfgLo lgsfox¿nfO{ ;'lDkPsf sfd, st{Jo / lhDd]jf/Lx¿ / hjfkmb]xL jxg ug{sf
nflu cfjZos kg]{ >f]t ;fwgx¿ ;+sng / kl/rfng ug]{ clwsf/ ;'Dkg] .
-3_ :yfgLo lgsfox¿nfO{ lgIf]lkt sfo{ ubf{ k|hftflGqs k|lqmof, kf/bzL{ Jojxf/,
hgpQ/bfloTj / hgtfsf] ;xeflutfdf cfwfl/t gful/s ;dfhsf] :yfkgf ug]{tkm{
pGd'v u/fpg] .
-ª_ :yfgLo g]t[Tjsf] ljsf; ug{sf] lglDt :yfgLo lgsfonfO{ cfk\mgf] If]qdf hgtfk|lt
pQ/bfoL agfpg k|efjsf/L ;+oGqsf] Joj:yf ug]{ .
-r_ bLuf] ljsf;sf] nflu cfwfl/t ;]jf k|bfg ug]{ sfo{df :yfgLo :jfoQ zf;gdf lghL
If]qnfO{ ;xefuL x'g k|f]T;flxt ug]{ .
efu – @
ufpF ljsf; ;DaGwL Joj:yf
kl/R5]b – !
ufpF ljsf; If]q , j8f ljefhg / j8f ;ldlt
$=

ufpF ljsf; If]q / s]G b| tf]Sg]M -!_ g]kfn ;/sf/n] g]kfn clw/fHosf] s'g} u|fdL0f OnfsfnfO{
ef}uf]lns cj:yf, hg;+Vof, jfl;Gbfx¿sf] ;fd'bflos Pstf jf ljljwtfnfO{ ;d]t Wofg lbO{
rf/ lsNnf vf]nL ufpF ljsf; If]q tf]Sg ;Sg]5 . o;/L ufpF ljsf; If]q tf]Sbf g]kfn ;/sf/n]
cfjZostfcg';f/ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] k/fdz{ lng]5 .
-@_

g]kfn ;/sf/n] ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] k/fdz{df pkbkmf -!_ jd]flhd tf]lsPsf] ufpF

ljsf; If]qleqsf] kfos kg]{ :yfgnfO{ ;f] If]qsf] s]Gb| tf]Sg ;Sg]5 .
-#_ pbkmf -@_ adf]lhd tf]lsPsf] ufpF ljsf; If]qsf] s]Gb|df ufpF :t/Lo ;a}
sfof{nox¿ /x]g5g\ .
%=

j8f
j8f ljefhgM
ljefhg bkmf $ adf]lhd tf]lsPsf] ufpF ljsf; If]qnfO{ g]kfn ;/sf/n] ef}uf]lns
cj:yfnfO{ ;d]t Wofg lbO{ oyf;+ej a/fa/ hg;+Vof kg]{ u/L gf} j8fdf ljefhg ug]{5 .

^=

l;dfgf x]/ km]/ M -!_ bkmf $ adf]lhd tf]lsPsf] s'g} ufpF ljsf; If]q jf bkmf $ adf]lhd
ljefhg ul/Psf] s'g} j8fsf] l;dfgf x]/km]/ ug{ cfjZos k/]df g]kfn ;/sf/n] ;DalGwt

3

ldltsf] k|To]s j8fsf k|rlnt sfg"g adf]lhd dtbftf x'g of]Uotf k'u]sf g]kfnL gful/sx¿n] bkmf !) adf]lhd ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] .DjlGwt ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] b'O{ ltxfO{ ax'dtaf6 k|:tfj kfl/t e} .b:osf] nflu rflxg] of]Uotf k'u]sf JolQmx¿dWo]af6 ufpF kl/ifb\\åf/f dgf]gLt 5 hgf JolQmx¿ .fn eGbf Ps jif{ cufj} ul/. (= ufpF kl/ifb\ \s f] .b:osf] kbfjlw u0fgf ubf{ kbfjlw z'? x'g] .DalGwt lhNnf kl/ifb\\n] l.b:o.ldltsf cWoIf / pkfWoIf. -v_ k|To]s j8f .b:o / j8f . cfly{s tyf . -@_ ufpF kl/ifb\\df b]xfo adf]lhdsf .b:ox¿.ldltsf j8fWoIf.Sg' kg]{5 .fnsf] >fj0f ! ut]b]lv u0fgf ul/g]5 / kfFr jif{sf] kbfjlw ga9fO{ k|To]s kfFrf} jif{sf] cfiff9 d.b:osf] nflu rflxg] of]Uotf k'u]sf JolQmx¿ dWo]af6 lgjf{lrt u/]sf b]xfo adf]lhdsf j8fWoIf / j8f . 4 .kmfl/z u/]df pkbkmf -!_ sf] clwgdf /xL g]kfn . If]qsf] l.ldlt u7g x'g]5M– -s_ Ps hgf j8fWoIf.b:ox¿ /xg] u/L Ps j8f . -@_ s'g} ufpF ljsf.b:ox¿ /xg]5g\M– -s_ ufpF ljsf.fdflhs b[li6sf]0fn] lk5l8Psf hflt. -@_ ufpF kl/ifb\\sf . hghflt.L dWo] ufpF kl/ifb\\df k|ltlglwTj x'g g.b:ox¿ .dfgf x]/km]/ ug]{5 . dlxnf j8f ./ gkg]{ u/L To:tf] ufpF ljsf./L l.dfh.f] . If]q jf j8fsf] l. &= j8f .ljz]if1 .b:osf] kbfjlwM kl/ifb sf] kbfjlw -!_ ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] . blnt tyf cflbjf. t/ o.ldltsf] u7gM u7g ufpF ljsf.lxt .dfKt ePsf] dflgg]5 . kl/R5]b – @ ufpF kl/ifb\ kl/ifb \ .dfgf x]/km]/ ug]{5 .kmfl/zdf lgjf{rg cfof]usf] :jLs[lt lnO{ k|ltlglw ./sf/n] l. / -u_ tLg hgf j8f .ldltsf] l. .]jL. -v_ Ps hgf dlxnf j8f .d]t /x]sf] .ldlt u7g u/L .dfgf x]/km]/ x'g cfjZos 5 egL .s]sf ju{sf bkmf !) adf]lhd ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] . If]qdf Ps ufpF kl/ifb\\ u7g ul/g]5 .b:osf] lgjf{rgsf nflu sfod ePsf] lgjf{rg If]qnfO{ c.fGtdf kbfjlw .efsf] .b:osf] kbfjlw kfFr jif{sf] x'g]5 .DaGwL Joj:yf *= ufpF kl/ifb\ \s f] u7gM kl/ifb sf] u7g -!_ bkmf $ adf]lhd tf]lsPsf] ufpF ljsf. -u_ ufpF ljsf. .dfgf x]/km]/ ubf{ lgjf{rg x'g] . If]qleqsf Ps hgf dlxnf.

-$_ s'g} sf/0fjz lgwf{l/t . -ª_ .f] l/Qm kbsf] k"lt{ lgjf{lrt .b:osf] nflu rflxg] of]U otfM kl/ifb sf] otf ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] .b:o x'gsf] nflu b]xfo adf]lhdsf] of]Uotf k'u]sf] x'g'kg]{5M– -s_ g]kfnL gful/s ePsf]. -v_ PSsfO{. .Sg' kg]{5 . jif{ pd]/ k"/f ePsf] / k|rlnt sfg"g adf]lhd dtbftf x'g of]Uotf k'u]sf].b:osf] kbfjlw u0fgf ubf{ lgwf{l/t . !!= ufpF kl/ifb\ \s f] .b:osf] kbfjlw .hfo e'Qmfg u/]sf] tLg jif{ JotLt ePsf] .b:osf] kbsf] nflu k|rlnt sfg"g adf]lhd pk– lgjf{rgåf/f / dgf]gLt .b:osf] kbfjlw . -@_ Ps jif{eGbf sd cjlwsf] nflu pk–lgjf{rg jf dgf]gog ul/g] 5}g . !)= ufpF kl/ifb\ \s f] .ldlt. -%_ s'g} ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] . -r_ g}lts ktg b]lvg] kmf}hbf/L cleof]udf .dfKt ePsf] dflgg]5 / ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] gjlgjf{lrt .b:osf] kb s'g} sf/0fjz l/Qm x'g cfPdf afFsL cjlwsf] nflu dfq . -5_ s'g} sfg"gn] cof]Uo gePsf] . .Fu 7]Ssf k6[f jf rn crn .ldltnfO{ a'emfpg' kg]{ .DaGwL Jojxf/df s'g} lghL :jfy{ gePsf].'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg o.DklQ lxgfldgf u/]sf] g7x/]sf].DkGg ePdf ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] .s]sf].b:otf sfod /xg] kl/ifb sf] 5}gM– -s_ bkmf !) adf]lhdsf] of]Uotf gePdf.L jf gubL a'emfO.b:osf] kbsf] nflu dgf]gogåf/f ul/g]5 .fj{hlgs . ."nL ePsf] k|df0f k]z u/]df of] v08 nfu" x'g] 5}g .ldltsf] jf j8f .b:otf sfod g/xg]M b]xfosf] cj:yfdf ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] .+rfng ug]{ clwsf/ x'g]5 .b:osf] dgf]gog x'g g.hfo kfPsf] eP To:tf] .a} lhG. t/ c.dfKt x'g' cufj} ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] gofF .ldltsf] . -3_ ufpF ljsf.dodf eP klg To:tf] ./x dfgL kbfjlwsf] u0fgf ul/g]5 .b:ox¿nfO{ g} sfo{ .sL c? .DklQ.b:osf] nflu lgjf{rg .-#_ pkbkmf -!_ / -@_ df h'g.dodf s'g} ufpF ljsf.dodf lgjf{lrt jf dgf]gLt eP. -u_ ufpF ljsf. 5 .b:osf] kbsf] lgjf{rg jf ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] . bkmf adf]lhd ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] . t/– -!_ kb l/Qm ePsf] ldltn] Ps jif{leq pk–lgjf{rg jf dgf]gog ul/.fljssf] .

t / .efsf] .kmfO k]z ug]{ dgfl. 6 .b:ox¿ /xg]5g\M– -s_ ufpF ljsf. pk.ldltsf] cfkm\gf] Pp6f 5'6[} 5fk x'g]5 .DaGwL Joj:yf !@= ufpF ljsf. If]qleqsf k|rlnt sfg"g adf]lhd dtbftf x'g of]Uotf k'u]sf g]kfnL gful/sx¿n] lgjf{rg u/L k7fPsf Ps hgf cWoIf / Ps hgf pkfWoIf.+:yf x'g]5 . ul/cfPsf] j8f jf . . -h_ /flhgfdf lbPdf.f]sf] efu . -5_ k|rlnt sfg"g adf]lhd e|i6frf/sf] cleof]u jf g}lts ktg b]lvg] kmf}hbf/L cleof]u jf tLg jif{eGbf a9L s}b .ldlt u7g ul/g]5 . -u_ lhNnf ljsf. -ª_ dgfl. -v_ ufpF ljsf.b:onfO{ .f]af.efklt. . .ldltsf] .+: yf yf x'g ]M -!_ k|To]s ufpF ljsf.b:osf] lgjf{rgdf pDd]bjf/ ePdf jf /fli6«o .ldlt . !#= ufpF ljsf.ef jf /fli6«o .+u l7t . . If]qsf] k|To]s j8fsf k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd dtbftf x'g of]Uotf k'u]sf g]kfnL gful/sx¿n] cf–cfkm\gf] j8faf6 Ps–Pshgfsf] b/n] lgjf{rg u/L k7fPsf gf} hgf j8fWoIfx¿. -u_ bkmf * sf] pkbkmf -@_ sf] v08 -u_ adf]lhdsf ufpF kl/ifb\\sf . -3_ k|ltlglw .efklt jf . kl/R5]b – # ufpF ljsf.b:ox¿ dWo]af6 Pshgf dlxnf.ldltsf] u7gM u7g -!_ bkmf $ adf]lhd tf]lsPsf] ufpF ljsf.Dd ufpF kl/ifb\\sf]] a}7sdf cg'kl:yt ePdf.+ul7t .a dflkmssf] .j df}sf glbO{ lghsf] .b:odf dgf]gLt ePdf."rgf glbO{ nuftf/ tLg k6s. .ldlt :jzfl. If]q jf gu/ If]qdf uflePdf. If]qdf ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] sfo{sfl/0fLsf] ¿kdf Ps ufpF ljsf. -@_ ufpF ljsf. t/ To:tf] . .-v_ cfk"m a.efsf] . If]qaf6 lemlsPdf jf cGo s'g} ufpF ljsf. .t / . -r_ bkmf ( adf]lhdsf] kbfjlw .b:otf sfod g/x]sf] .ldltdf b]xfoadf]lhdsf cWoIf. . pkfWoIf / .ldltåf/f dgf]gLt b'O{ hgf .b:osf] kbdf lgjf{lrt ePdf jf lhNnf kl/ifb\\sf] .ldlt cljlR5Gg pQ/flwsf/jfnf :jzfl. -@_ ufpF ljsf. .b:ox¿ .DalGwt ufpF ljsf."rgf lbOg] 5}g .hfo kfPdf.lxt ufpF ljsf.dfKt ePdf . -em_ d[To' ePdf .b:odf dgf]gLt ePdf.hfo x'g] kmf}hbf/L cleof]udf .

b:ox¿n] cWoIf.'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg o. bkmfadf]lhd . -@_ ufpF ljsf.b:osf] nflu lgjf{rg ./x dfgL kbfjlwsf] u0fgf ul/g]5 . ph"/ ug{ / .Sg' kg]{5 .dIf zky u|x0f ug'{ kg]{5 . . .Sg]5 .sL c? .dIf zky u|x0f ug'{ kg]{5 .dfKt ePsf] dflgg]5 .ldltsf] .b:o kb s'g} sf/0fjz l/Qm x'g cfPdf afFsL cjlwsf] nflu dfq .b:osf] kbfjlw u0fgf ubf{ kbfjlw z'? x'g] . . -#_ pkbkmf -!_ / -@_ df h'g.ldltsf .b:ox¿nfO{ g} sfo{ . pkef]u ug{ / a]rlavg ug{ .fGtdf kbfjlw .dodf s'g} ufpF ljsf.b:ox¿n] kb u|x0f ug{ kfpg] 5}gg\ . t/– -!_ kb l/Qm ePsf] ldltn] Ps jif{leq pk–lgjf{rg jf dgf]gog ul/.dfKt x'g' cufj} gofF . .b:ox¿n] pkfWoIf.ldltsf] .dodf . !%= zky u|x0f ug'{kg]{M -!_ cWoIfn] lhNnf GofofwLz. -#_ pkbkmf -!_ jf -@_ adf]lhd zky u|x0f gu/L ufpF kl/ifb\\sf . !$= .DkGg ePdf .Sg]5 .+rfng ug]{ clwsf/ x'g]5 .f]xL gfdaf6 gfln.f] l/Qm kbsf] k"lt{ lgjf{lrt ./x rn–crn .b:osf] kbfjlw .dIf / cWoIfsf] cg'kl:yltdf pkfWoIf./x cfkm\gf] gfdaf6 gfln.dIf.f] pk/ klg .b:o kbsf] lgjf{rg jf dgf]gog .dfKt ePsf] dflgg]5 / gjlgjf{lrt . 7 .b:on] cWoIf.dIf / cWoIfsf] cg'kl:yltdf pkfWoIfn] lhNnf GofofwLz. ph"/ nfUg .ldltn] JolQm. .b:osf] kbsf] nflu dgf]gogåf/f ul/g]5 .fljssf] .b:osf] kbfjlwM kbfjlw -!_ ufpF ljsf.b:o tyf ufpF ljsf. -@_ Ps jif{eGbf sd cjlwsf] nflu pk–lgjf{rg jf dgf]gog ul/g] 5}g .dodf lgjf{lrt jf dgf]gLt eP.b:osf] kbfjlw kfFr jif{sf] x'g]5 .DkGg eP klg lgjf{lrt jf dgf]gLt .ldltsf] . pkfWoIf / .b:osf] kbfjlw u0fgf ubf{ lgwf{l/t . . -$_ s'g} sf/0fjz lgwf{l/t .dIf / . -%_ s'g} ufpF ljsf.-#_ ufpF ljsf. .DklQ k|fKt ug{. -$_ ufpF ljsf. -@_ pk–bkmf -!_ df n]lvPb]lv afx]s ufpF kl/ifb\\sf cGo .ldltsf] .b:osf] kbfjlw .fnsf] >fj0f ! ut]b]lv u0fgf ul/g]5 / kfFr jif{sf] kbfjlw ga9fO{ k|To]s kfFrf} jif{sf] cfiff9 d.b:osf] kbsf] nflu k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd pk– lgjf{rgåf/f / dgf]gLt .DkGg x'g g.ldltn] JolQm.

b:otf sfod g/xg]M b]xfosf] cj:yfdf ufpF ljsf. t/.DalGwt ufpF ljsf.Sg]M -!_ cWoIfn] pkfWoIfdfkm{t\ ufpF ljsf.efklt jf . . -@_ pk–bkmf -!_ df n]lvPb]lv afx]s ufpF kl/ifb\\sf cGo .f]sf] efu . !*= . ul/cfPsf] j8f jf . 8 .dIf /flhgfdf lbO{ kbTofu ug{ . jif{ pd]/ k"/f ePsf] / k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd dtbftf x'g of]Uotf k'u]sf].hfo kfPsf] eP To:tf] .b:osf] kbdf lgjf{lrt ePdf jf lhNnf kl/ifb\\sf] . .L jf gubL a'emfO{ .dIf / pkfWoIf tyf .hfo e'Qmfg u/]sf] tLg jif{ JotLt ePsf] .ef jf /fli6«o . -v_ PSsfO{.Sg]5g\ . t/ c. !&= .fj{hlgs . .b:odf dgf]gLt ePdf.b:ox¿n] cWoIf. -u_ ufpF ljsf. -5_ cGo k|rlnt sfg"gn] cof]Uo gePsf] .b:otf sfod g/x]sf] .efklt.ldlt. .Sg]5g\ .efsf] . -u_ lhNnf ljsf. pk .b:ox¿n] cWoIf.ldltsf] . -3_ k|ltlglw . -r_ g}lts ktg b]lvg] kmf}hbf/L cleof]udf . -ª_ dgfl.s]sf].efsf] . .DklQ lxgfldgf u/]sf] g7x/]sf].dIf /flhgfdf lbO{ kbTofu ug{ .b:osf] nflu rflxg] of]U otfM otf ufpF ljsf.j dflkmssf] .kmfO k]z ug]{ dgfl.b:osf] lgjf{rgdf pDd]bjf/ ePdf jf /fli6«o ."rgf lbOg] 5}g .ldltsf] .f]af.ldlt.b:odf dgf]gLt ePdf. ."rgf glbO{ nuftf/ tLg k6s.b:onfO{ . If]qaf6 lemlsPdf jf cGo s'g} ufpF ljsf.ldltnfO{ a'emfpg' kg]{ .b:otf sfod /xg] 5}gM– -s_ bkmf !& adf]lhdsf] of]Uotf gePdf.ldltsf] a}7sdf cg'kl:yt ePdf. -3_ ufpF ljsf. If]q jf gu/ If]qdf uflePdf.Dd ufpF ljsf.a} lhG.j df}sf glbO{ lghsf] . . -ª_ .b:odf lgjf{lrt jf dgf]gLt x'g b]xfoadf]lhdsf] of]Uotf x'g' kg]{5M– -s_ g]kfnL gful/s ePsf].ldltsf] .DaGwL Jojxf/df s'g} lghL :jfy{ gePsf]. -v_ cfkm" a."nL ePsf] k|df0f k]z u/]df of] v08 nfu" x'g] 5}g . .Fu 7]Ssf–k6[f jf rn–crn .!^= kbTofu ug{ .DklQ.

ldltx¿nfO{ tf]lsPadf]lhd juL{s/0f u/L sd .b:on] j8f .ldltnfO{ .ldltsf .+Vof.do / :yfg tf]sL j8f . lbgleq To:tf] . @@= ufpF kl/ifb\ \s f] a}7sM kl/ifb sf] s -!_ ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] a}7s . !(= .b:osf] ax'dtn] a}7ssf] lg0f{o x'g .DklQ ljj/0f .hfo kfPdf.DklQsf] ljj/0f . .Sg]5 .hfo x'g] kmf}hbf/L cleof]udf .'ljwf . -%_ j8f .fj{hlgs ug'{ kg]{5 .ldltx¿sf] juL{s /0fM /0f g]kfn .lxt tLghgf .'ljwf pknAw / cljsl. . -h_ /flhgfdf lbPdf.fdfGotof >fj0f d.b:osf] gfddf /x]sf] rn crn .fj{hlgs ug'{ kg]{M .DaGwL cGo s'/f j8f .+rf/.Sg]5 .t ufpF ljsf. -@_ j8fWoIfn] a}7s a:g] ldlt.t ug]{ Joj:yf ldnfpg .DalGwt lhNnf ljsf.DklQsf] ljj/0f .uf]nsf kl/jf/sf] .fwf/0ftof jif{sf] b'O{ k6s a:g]5 . -em_ d[To' ePdf . -5_ bkmf !$ adf]lhdsf] kbfjlw . -$_ cWoIftf ug]{ JolQm. -@_ ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] a}7s ufpF ljsf.DkGg u/fO{ ljsl. If]qsf ufpF ljsf.kmfl/zdf . . -#_ k|To]s jif{ ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] a}7s . .ldltsf] a}7ssf] cWoIftf ug]{5 . @)= ufpF ljsf. . .fwg / . ef}uf]lns ljljwtf tyf oftfoft.ldltsf] cWoIfn] af]nfpg]5 .ldltsf] a}7s.ldltsf] a}7s af]nfpg] 5 .-r_ k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd e|i6frf/sf] cleof]u jf g}lts ktg b]lvg] kmf}hbf/L cleof]u jf tLg jif{eGbf a9L s}b ./sf/n] hg.b:ox¿n] cfkm"dWo]af6 5fg]sf] .ldltsf] a}7ssf] cWoIftf j8fWoIfn] ug]{5 / lghsf] cg'kl:yltdf a}7sdf pkl:yt j8f .'ljwfx¿sf] cfwf/df ufpF ljsf. kl/R5]b – $ a}7s / sfo{ k|0 ffnL @!= j8f .dfKt ePdf. 9 .fj{hlgs ug'{ kg]{5 .ldltsf] a}7sM s -!_ j8f . -#_ j8f . lbgleq cfkm" / cfkm\gf] Psf3/ .DaGwL . .fGtleq af]nfpg' kg]{5 .ldltsf] a}7s sDtLdf dlxgfsf] Ps k6s a:g]5 . t/ cWoIf / pkfWoIfn] cfkm" kbaf6 x6]kl5 klg kbaf6 x6]sf] ldltn] tL.ldltsf] l.b:on] bkmf !% adf]lhd zky u|x0f u/]sf] ldltn] tL. lzIff / :jf:Yo .fGt / kf}if d.ldlt cfkm}n] lgwf{/0f u/]adf]lhd x'g]5 .

.b:o . ljifodf 5nkmn ug{ a}7s af]nfO{ kfpF egL cWoIf.fan] h]i7 .b:o . -!)_ ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] a}7ssf] lg0f{o . lbgleq ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] ljz]if a}7s af]nfpg' kg]{5 .+Vof k'u]sf] dflgg]5 . -^_ ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] a}7s a:g] ldlt.dIf lnlvt cg'/f]w u/]df To. t/ tLg dxLgf.ft lbgsf] .Dd klg cWoIfn] a}7s af]nfpg] cfb]z glbPdf Ps ltxfO{ . .b:ox¿sf] lnlvt cg'/f]wdf .f] u0fk"/s .b:on] a}7ssf] cWoIftf ug]{5 .f] a}7sdf hlt. .b:on] cfkm"dWo]af6 5fg]sf] . . .lrjn] ufpF kl/ifb\\sf .+Vof klg k"/f x'g g.b:ox¿n] ufpF ljsf.ldltsf . -*_ u0fk"/s .DaGwL cGo sfo{ljlw tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .s]df .ldltsf] a}7sdf tTsfn sfod /x]sf] .+rfng x'g]5 .ldltsf] .+Vofsf] krf.-$_ ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] k|To]s a}7sdf pkl:yt . .lrjsf] sfd ug]{5 . .ldltsf] a}7ssf] cWoIftf cWoIfn] ug]{5 / lghsf] cg'kl:yltdf pkfWoIfn] / pkfWoIf klg cg'kl:yt ePdf a}7sdf pkl:yt .f/ . ."rgf a}7s a:g] lbgeGbf sDtLdf kGw| lbg cufj} ufpF ljsf. -@_ cWoIfsf] cfb]zcg'./L cg'/f]w u/]sf] ldltn] tL."rgf lbO{ csf]{ a}7s af]nfpg' kg]{5 . -&_ ufpF kl/ifb\sf] a}7sdf tTsfn sfod /x]sf .lrjn] ufpF ljsf. k|ltzt .b:on] .ldltsf] a}7s af]nfpg]5 . -(_ ufpF kl/ifb\\sf Ps ltxfO{ .b:ox¿ dWo] pd]/sf] lx.s]df .b:ox¿ pkl:yt ePdf a}7ssf] nflu u0fk"/s . .b:ox¿n] cfk"m dWo]af6 5fg]sf] . @#= ufpF ljsf. .lrjn] k|dfl0ft ug]{5 .ldltsf] cWoIfsf] lgb]{zgdf . -!!_ ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] a}7s .b:ox? pkl:yt ePdf a}7ssf] nflu u0fk"/s . -%_ ufpF ljsf.+Vof Ps ltxfO{ x'g]5 . t/ ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] a}7sdf cWoIfsf] 5gf}6 x'g'eGbf cl3 ufpF kl/ifb\\sf pkl:yt .b:on] ufpFkl/ifb\\sf] a}7ssf] cWoIftf ug]{5 .a} .'s} .b:o pkl:yt eP klg a}7s .ldltsf] a}7s sDtLdf dxLgfsf] Ps k6s a:g]5 .+Vof k'u]sf] dflgg]5 .b:ox¿ afx]s kl/ifb\\sf cGo . 10 . k|ltzt .+Vofsf] cefjdf ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] a}7s a:g g. .lrjn] ufpF ljsf. . -$_ ufpF ljsf.b:ox¿nfO{ k7fpg' kg]{5 .f]sf] ef]lnkN6 k'gM csf]{ a}7s af]nfpg' kg]{5 .ldltsf] a}7s af]nfpg]5 .ldltsf] a}7sM s -!_ ufpF ljsf.do / :yfgsf] . .f] a}7ssf] u0fk"/s .b:ox¿n] s'g} vf.lrjn] ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] . -#_ ufpF ljsf.+Vofsf] krf.f] a}7ssf] cWoIftf ug]{5 .

-%_ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] ;DalGwt Onfsf ;b:onfO{ ufpF ljsf; ;ldltsf] a}7sdf
efu lngsf] nflu cfdGq0f ug'{kg]{5 .
-^_ ufpF ljsf; ;ldltsf] a}7ssf] lg0f{o ;lrjn] k|dfl0ft ug]{5 .
-&_ ufpF ljsf; ;ldltsf] a}7s;DaGwL cGo sfo{ljlw tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .
@$= a}7ssf] lg0f{oM -!_ o; P]gdf cGoyf Joj:yf ePsf]df afx]s ufpF kl/ifb\\ / ufpF ljsf;
;ldltsf] a}7ssf] lg0f{o pkl:yt ;b:ox¿sf] ax'dtsf] cfwf/df ul/g]5 .
t/ bkmf @^ sf] pkbkmf -!_ sf] v08 -v_ / -u_ adf]lhdsf] k|:tfj ;DjGwdf lg0f{o ubf{
;Dk"0f{ ;b:o ;+Vofsf] ax'dtsf] cfjZostf x'g]5 .
-@_ ufpF kl/ifb\\ / ufpF ljsf; ;ldltsf] a}7sdf dt a/fa/ ePdf a}7ssf] cWoIftf ug]{
JolQmn] lg0ff{os dt lbg]5 .
@%= j8f ;ldltsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/M
clwsf/ ufpF ljsf; ;ldltcGtu{tsf] k|To]s j8f ;ldltsf]
sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5M–
-s_ j8fleqsf] af6f], ;8s, k'n, 9n, kf]v/L, tnfp, O{gf/, s'jf, wf/f cflb ;kmf ;'U3/ /fVg] .
-v_ j8fleqsf kmf]x/, d}nf / ;8] un]sf j:t'x¿ km\of+Sg] tyf ;/;kmfOsf] lgldQ
j8fjf;Lx¿nfO{ clek|]l/t ug]{ k|aGw ug]{ .
-u_ j8fleqsf] hg;+Vof, 3/, hUuf, kf6L, kf}jf, wd{zfnf, d7 dlGb/, dl:hb, u'Daf cflb
b]j:yn, db/;f, klt{ hUuf, kf]v/L, tnfp, O{gf/, s'jf, wf/f cflb ;fj{hlgs dxTjsf
wfld{s tyf ;f+:s[lts :ynx¿sf] nut /fVg tyf ;+/If0f ug{ ufpF ljsf; ;ldltnfO{
;xof]u ug]{ .
-3_ j8fleqsf] gx/, s'nf], k}gL cflbsf] x]/ ljrf/ ug]{ .
-ª_ j8fleqsf klt{ hUuf / 8fF8f, eL/, kfvf, cflbdf j[Iff/f]k0f ug]{ / jftfj/0f ;+/If0fdf
;xof]u k'¥ofpg] .
-r_ j8fdf :jf:Yo s]Gb|, :jf:Yo rf}sL cflbsf] Joj:yfkgdf ;xof]u k'¥ofpg] .
-5_ j8fdf ljBfno tyf k':tsfnosf] :yfkgf / ;+rfngdf ;xof]u k'¥ofpg] .
-h_ j8fleq ;+rfng ePsf] / k"/f ePsf] cfof]hgf tyf sfo{qmdx¿sf] /]vb]v
ug]{ .
-em_ j8fjf;Lx¿nfO{ JolQmut 36gf btf{ ug{ pTk|]l/t ug]{,
-`_ j8fleqsf lk5l8Psf hghflt, c;xfo, ckf+u tyf a]jfl/; JolQmx¿sf] ;+/If0f /
hLljsf]kfh{g ;DjGwL sfo{df ;xof]u k'¥ofpg] .
-6_ ;DalGwt ufpF ljsf; ;ldltn] lbPsf] lgb]{zg tyf cfb]zadf]lhdsf] cGo sfd ug]{ .

11

@^= ufpF kl/ifb\
\s f] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/M
kl/ifb sf]
clwsf/ -!_ ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/
b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5M–
-s_ ufpF ljsf; ;ldltn] k]z u/]sf] ah]6, of]hgf tyf sfo{qmdx¿ kfl/t ug]{ .
-v_ ufpF ljsf; ;ldltn] k|:tfj u/]sf] s/, b:t'/, dx;"n, z'Ns cflb nufpg] tyf
p7fpg] ;DaGwL k|:tfj kfl/t ug]{ .
-u_ ufpF ljsf; ;ldltn] k|:tfj u/]sf] C0f lng] jf crn ;DklQ a]rlavg jf
x:tfGt/0f ug]{ ;DjGwL k|:tfj kfl/t ug]{ .
-3_ ufpF ljsf; ;ldltsf] n]vf k/LIf0f k|ltj]bgaf6 sfod ePsf a]?h'dfly 5nkmn u/L
k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd lgoldt ug{ gldNg] a]?h'sf] xsdf a]?h' km5\of}{6sf] nflu
cfjZos sf/jfxL ug{ ufpF ljsf; ;ldltnfO{ lgb]{zg lbg] .
-ª_ ufpF ljsf; ;ldltn] cfk\mgf] cfGtl/s >f]taf6 Joxf]g]{ u/L k|:tfj u/]sf] sd{rf/Lsf]
b/jGbL, kfl/>lds, eQf tyf cGo ;'ljwfdf cfjZostfg';f/ :jLs[lt lbg] .
-r_ ufpF ljsf; ;ldltsf] k|zf;lgs sfo{x¿sf] d"NofÍg u/L ufpF ljsf; ;ldltnfO{
cfjZos lgb]{zg lbg] .
-5_ ufpF ljsf; If]qleq ;+rflnt ljsf;–lgdf{0f sfo{x¿sf] d"NofÍg u/L cfjZos
lgb]{zg lbg] .
-h_ ufpF ljsf; ;ldltsf] ljlgod :jLs[t ug]{ .
-em_ tf]lsPsf] cGo sfd ug]{ .
-@_ ufpF kl/ifb\\n] ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] s'g} Ps ;b:osf] cWoIftfdf lgh;lxt tLg hgf
;b:ox¿ /x]sf] Ps n]vf ;ldltsf] u7g ug]{5, To:tf] ;ldltsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/
tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .
-#_ ufpF kl/ifb\\nfO{ ljleGg ljifodf cfjZos ;Nnfx / ;'emfj lbgsf] nflu pk–bkmf -@_
adf]lhdsf] n]vf ;ldltdf /xg] ;b:ox¿ afx]s ufpF kl/ifb\\sf cGo ;b:ox¿nfO{
tf]lsPadf]lhdsf ljifout ;ldltx¿df /xg] u/L ufpF kl/ifb\\n] ljleGg ;ldltx¿ u7g ug{
;Sg]5 .
-$_ ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] cGo sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .
@&= ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldlt u7g ug{ ;Sg]M -!_ ufpF ljsf; ;ldltn] cfjZos 7fg]df cfk\mgf] sfddf
;xof]u k'¥ofpg ;dfh;]jL, a'l4hLjL, k|fljlws 1fg ;Lk ePsf tLgb]lv gf} hgf;Ddsf] Ps
;Nnfxsf/ ;ldlt u7g ug{ ;Sg]5 .
-@_ ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldlt ;DjGwL cGo s'/f tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .

12

@*= ufpF ljsf; ;ldltsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/M
clwsf/ -!_ ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] lg0f{o / lgb]{zgx¿
sfof{Gjog ug'{ u/fpg'sf] cltl/Qm ufpF ljsf; ;ldltsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ b]xfoadf]lhd
x'g]5M–
-s_ s[l if ;DaGwLM
;DaGwL
-!_ ufpF ljsf; If]qleq s[lif ljsf; sfo{qmdx¿ ;+rfng ug]{, u/fpg] .
-@_ ufpF ljsf; If]qleq s[lif xf6, ahf/ / d]nf nufpg] jf d]nf nufpg ;xof]u
ug]{ .
-#_ ufpF ljsf; If]qleq kz' /f]usf] /f]syfdsf lgldQ cfjZostf cg';f/ kz'
lrlsT;fnosf] ;+rfng ug]{, u/fpg] tyf kz' r/gsf] nflu cfjZos uf}r/gsf]
Joj:yf ug]{, u/fpg] .
-v_ u|fdL0f vfg] kfgL ;DaGwLM
;DaGwL
-!_ ufpF ljsf; If]qleq cfjZos kg]{ vfg]kfgLsf] cfk"lt{sf] nflu vfg] kfgL
cfof]hgf tof/ u/L sfof{Gjog / ;+rfng ug]{ tyf ;+ef/sf] Joj:yf ug]{,
u/fpg] .
-@_ ufpF ljsf; If]qleq Ogf/, s'jf, kf]v/L, wf/f cflbsf] lgdf{0f tyf d/dt ;+ef/
ug]{, u/fpg] .
-#_ ufpF ljsf; If]qleq kfgLsf d'xfgx¿sf] ;+/If0f ug]{, u/fpg] .
-u_ lgdf{0 f tyf oftfoft ;DaGwLM
;DaGwL
-!_ ufpF ljsf; If]qleq cfjZos kg]{ 3f]8]6f] / uf]/]6f], u|fdL0f ;8s
;DaGwL cfof]hgf tof/ u/L sfof{Gjog ug]{ tyf ltgLx¿sf] d/dt ;+ef/sf]
Joj:yf ug]{ .
-@_ ljleGg lgsfoaf6 x:tfGt/0f eO{ cfPsf k'n, t'Og, 3f6 tyf sne6{x¿sf]
d/dt ;+ef/ ug]{ .
-3_ lzIff tyf v]ns"b ;DaGwLM
;DaGwL
-!_ cfkm\gf] ;|f]taf6 k"j{ k|fylds ljBfnox¿ :yfkgf ug]{ :yfkgf ug{ cg'dlt lbg]
tyf ;+rfng / Joj:yfkg ug]{ .
-@_ ufpF ljsf; If]qleq ;+rfng ePsf ljBfnox¿sf] /]vb]v / Joj:yfkg ug]{ .
-#_ ufpF ljsf; If]qleq dft[efiffdf k|fylds txsf] lzIff pknAw u/fpg
;xof]u ug]{ .

13

tyf lj:tf/df . -@_ ufpF ljsf. .f]af. u/fpg] . k}gL. -#_ ufpFsf] e"–pkof]u of]hgf th'{df u/L sfof{Gjog ug]{. -ª_ l. u/fpg] .+rfng ug]{.+rfng / Joj:yfkg ug]{ . -$_ a. -@_ ufpF ljsf./.sf] Joj:yf ug]{. u/fpg] .+rfO{ / e"–Ifo tyf gbL g bL lgoGq0f .DaGwL .DaGwL -!_ ufpF ljsf.DaGwL of]hgf agfO{ sfof{Gjog ug]{ / ufpF:t/Lo v]ns"b ljsf. u/fpg] .fd'bflos ejg.DaGwL sfo{qmd tof/ u/L sfof{Gjog ug]{.DaGwLM .DaGwL sfo{qmd . -@_ ufpF ljsf.df . -5_ :jf:Yo .DaGwLM DaGwL -!_ klt{ hUuf.DaGwL -!_ . If]qleq cfjZos kg]{ l.DaGwLM . -r_ ef}l ts ljsf. lj>fd u[x tyf . 14 . . :jf:Yo rf}sL tyf pk–:jf:Yo rf}sLx¿ . If]qnfO{ k|efj kfg]{ e"–Ifo / gbL lgoGq0f . s'nf]. -^_ v]ns"bsf] ljsf.DaGwL -!_ ufpF:t/Lo :jf:Yo s]Gb|. -#_ h8La'6Lsf] ljsf.3fp k'¥ofpg] .DaGwL sfo{qmd agfO{ .+rfO{. If]qdf k|fylds :jf:Yo lzIff / . u/fpg] .+rfng ug]{ . If]qdf cfjZos 9n lgsf. afFw. . u/fpg] . -h_ jg tyf jftfj/0f . kfgL3f6 cflbsf] cfof]hgf tof/ u/L sfof{Gjog ug]{. -$_ kl/jf/ lgof]hg tyf dft[–lzz' sNof0f . u/fpg] . ejg. -&_ cfly{s b[li6n] cToGt lk5l8Psf pTkLl8t hghfltx¿sf 5fq–5fqfx¿nfO{ 5fqj[lQ lbg] Joj:yf ldnfpg] .DaGwLM . -%_ k':tsfnosf] :yfkgf / .fj{hlgs hUufdf j[Iff/f]k0f ug]{.f}rfno agfpg] . eL/ kfvf Pj+ . .kmfO tyf kmf]x/ d}nf Joj:yfkg .fj{hlgs .xof]u k'¥ofpg] .DaGwL sfo{qmdx¿ tof/ u/L sfof{Gjog ug]{ .ldlt u7g u/L v]ns"bsf] ljsf. u/fpg] .-$_ k|f}9 lzIff tyf cgf}krfl/s lzIff .]j f . If]qleq lgdf{0f x'g] 3/. 8fF8f.8s tyf cGo ef}lts k"jf{wf/ cflbsf] nflu dfkb08 tof/ u/L .f] lgdf{0f ug{ tf]lsPadf]lhd :jLs[lt lbg] .+rfng ug]{. -#_ ljB't pTkfbg tyf ljt/0f ug]{.

+Vof. u/fpg] . /f]huf/ tyf :j/f]huf/sf] ca.fwgsf] ljsf. u/fpg] . If]qleqsf wd{:yn tyf wd{zfnf.-@_ ufpF ljsf. -#_ jftfj/0f .+/If0f ug]{.xof]u ug]{ . . cgfy / ckf+u afnaflnsfx¿sf] nut /fVg] / ltgLx¿nfO{ pko'Qm 7fpFdf /fVg] Joj:yf ug]{ . -%_ k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd hGd. -6_ ljljwM ljljw -!_ dfgj .DaGwL sfd ug]{. e"–. ljsf.+rfng ug]{.df .+/If0f . u/fpg] . / lj:tf/ ug]{ tyf To:tf 7fpFdf k|b'if0f x'g glbg] Joj:yf ug]{. jg:klt. 3/. -`_ ko{6g tyf 3/]n' pBf] p Bf]u .DaGwLM . If]qsf jg. If]qleqsf dlxnfx¿sf] pTyfgsf] nflu cfjZos of]hgf tof/ u/L sfof{Gjog ug]{ .xsfl/tfsf] nflu .DjGwL sfo{ ug]{ / . u/fpg] . If]qdf 3/]n' pBf]u .ldltsf] ljlgod th'{df u/L ufpF kl/ifb\\df k]z ug]{ .+/If0f ug]{. -!)_ ufpF ljsf.fdflhs s'/Llt x6fpg] tyf r]nLa]6L Pj+ gf/L . u/fpg] . h}ljs ljljwtf. kf}jf cflbsf] nut /fvL /]vb]v / . -&_ ufpF ljsf. u/fpg] / ltgLx¿sf] ljsf.ldltsf] :jfldTj tyf lgoGq0fdf /x]sf] rn. crn . -#_ ufpF ljsf.xof]u k'¥ofpg] .+/If0f ug]{ . .+rfng ug{sf] lgldQ pTk]|/ssf] sfd ug]{ .DklQsf] . wd{ / .DaGwLM .DaGwL -!_ ufpF ljsf. If]qleqsf] hg. u/fpg] . -(_ ufpF ljsf. If]qleqsf c. kf6L. -@_ ljleGg efiff.+rfng ug]{.+:s[ltsf] . -em_ efiff / . -@_ ufpF ljsf. c. d[To' tyf cGo JolQmut 36gf btf{ ug]{ .DaGwdf cfjZos sfd ug]{.+/If0f. 15 ./ k|fKt x'g] Joj:yf ug]{ .DaGwL -!_ ko{6sLo If]qsf] .DaGwdf sfo{qmd tof/ u/L .+/If0f .xfo.xfo dlxnf. j[4. -*_ /fli6«o gLltcg'¿k cgfy afnaflnsf. ckf+u tyf czQmx¿sf] .+/If0f .+/If0f .+: s[l t . -^_ ufpF ljsf. hUuf tyf kz'sf] nut /fVg] . -@_ . -$_ b}jL k|sf]k lgoGq0f ug]{ . ug]{.DaGwL ljleGg sfo{qmd agfO{ .

ldltsf] a}7s af]nfpg] . .DklQ x]/ljrf/ tyf d/dt . @(= cWoIfsf] sfd. P]gcGtu{t ag]sf] lgod tyf ljlgodadf]lhd cfkm"nfO{ ePsf] clwsf/sf] k|of]u ug]{5 .flos sfo{qmd lghL If]qsf] .lxt clVtof/jfnf.flxt u/L pQm sfo{x¿ To:tf . .b:onfO{ sfo{ef/ lbg] . -v_ ufpF kl/ifb\\ / ufpF ljsf. .+:yfx¿ dfkm{t ug'{ u/fpg' kg]{5 .dIf k7fpg] . cf}Bf]lus tyf Joj.ldltdf pkl:yt x'g g. -5_ k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd cfjZos l.ldltsf] rn–crn .+rfng ug]{.f/ pkfWoIf./sf/L .. -@_ ufpF ljsf. /fVg nufpg] .d]t nufgLdf . -!%_ k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd tf]lsPsf cGo sfo{x¿ ug]{ .b:o jf cGo s'g} . st{Jo / clwsf/ b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5M– -s_ ufpF kl/ifb\\ / ufpF ljsf. u/fpg] . . -#_ ufpF ljsf.gsf] /]vb]v / lgoGq0f ug]{.Def/ ug]{.ldltsf] cfDbfgL. -6_ . -em_ pkfWoIf tyf . . If]qleq dfbs kbfy{sf] laqmL ljt/0f tyf h"jf tf.do ufpF ljsf.flxt ug]{. cflb h:tf cg}lts sfo{sf] lgoGq0f ug]{ . -u_ ufpF ljsf.ldltsf] ah]6 / of]hgf th'{df ug]{ .d"x jf .ldltn] ufpF ljsf.b:o tyf .+:yfx¿nfO{ k|f]T.d"x tyf cGo u}/–. . . -`_ cfjZostf cg'. lgdf{0f sfo{sf] nflu pkef]Qmf .ldltnfO{ cfocfh{g x'g] .kmfl/z ug]{ . . 16 . u/fpg] .lrjsf] sfo{sf] d"Nof+sg u/L l.ldltsf] lg0f{o sfof{Gjog ug]{.kmfl/.fa / cGo sfuhkq .ldltn] of] P]g tyf o. u/fpg] .ldltsf] b}lgs k|zf. -!@_ ufpF ljsf. -3_ ufpF ljsf.'/lIft /fVg]. -ª_ ufpF ljsf.xsfl/tfdf cfwfl/t ljljw sfo{qmdx¿ th'{df u/L . vr{ lx. If]qdf ug'{ kg]{ ljsf.lrjnfO{ sfh v6fpg] .-!!_ ufpF ljsf. . . -!$_ .Sg] ePdf pkfWoIfnfO{ sfo{ef/ lbg] / pkfWoIf klg gePdf pd]/sf] cfwf/df h]i7 . -r_ ufpF ljsf. .xsf/L. .ldltsf] a}7sdf cfjZos k|:tfj / sfuhft k]z ug]{.DaGwdf cfjZos Joj:yf ldnfpg] . st{Jo / clwsf/M clwsf/ -!_ cWoIfsf] sfd.b:ox¿nfO{ ljifout ¿kdf sfo{sf] ljefhg ug]{ . u/fpg] .+rfng ug{ k|f]T. -h_ ufpF ljsf. u/fpg] .ft lbgeGbf a9L . -!#_ .

+:yfnfO{ of]hgf 5gf}6 / cfof]hgf th'{dfdf .j sf/0f afx]s nuftf/ tL./sf/L .ldlt 5f8\g x'Fb}g . .ft lbgeGbf a9L .do j8f . st{Jo / clwsf/ b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5M– -s_ cWoIfsf] cg'kl:yltdf sfo{afxs cWoIf eO{ sfo{ ug]{ . .b:o jf cGo s'g} .b:ox¿dWo] h]i7 .ldlt 5f8\g x'Fb}g . -@_ cWoIfn] dgfl. .b:osf] sfd.j sf/0f xf] xf]Og eGg] k|Zg p7]df ufpF ljsf.ldlt 5f8\g x'Fb}g .+efJo cfof]hgf ufpF ljsf.b:on] dgfl.+:yfaf6 . -v_ tf]lsPsf cGo sfd ug]{ . . lbgeGbf a9L cfkm\gf] ufpF ljsf. st{Jo / clwsf/M clwsf/ -!_ .b:onfO{ sfo{ef/ lbg] .ldltdf k]z ug]{ ./sf/L .ldltn] lg0f{o ug]{5 .ldltn] lg0f{o ug]{5 . . st{Jo / clwsf/M clwsf/ -!_ pkfWoIfsf] sfd. . -@_ .j sf/0fafx]s nuftf/ tL. st{Jo / clwsf/ b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5M– -s_ cfkm\gf] j8fsf] ljsf.Sg] ePdf bkmf & sf] v08 v_ / -u_ adf]lhdsf j8f . -3_ pkef]Qmf . lgdf{0fsf] sfo{ af/]df 5nkmn u/L u}/ .ldltdf k]z ug]{ .b:ox¿sf] sfdsf] afF8kmfF8 ug]{ .j sf/0f xf] xf]Og eGg] k|Zg p7]df ufpF ljsf. -r_ j8f. lbgeGbf a9L cfkm\gf] ufpF ljsf. .–lgdf{0fsf] of]hgf tof/ u/L ufpF ljsf.DaGwL ljj/0f dfu ePdf ufpF ljsf. #!= . -u_ j8f. lbg eGbf a9L cfkm\gf] ufpF ljsf.d"x / u}/ .ldltn] lg0f{o ug]{5 . -v_ ljsf. -5_ tf]lsPsf cGo sfd ug]{ . -ª_ .j sf/0f xf] xf]Og eGg] k|Zg p7]df ufpF ljsf.-7_ tf]lsPsf] cGo sfd ug]{ . .j sf/0f afx]s nuftf/ tL.ldltdf k7fpg] k|aGw ug]{ .b:osf] sfd. -@_ pkfWoIfn] dgfl.xof]u ug]{ . -#_ pkbkmf -@_ sf] k|of]hgsf nflu dgfl. -#_ pkbkmf -@_ sf] k|of]hgsf] nflu dgfl. -#_ pkbkmf -@_ sf] k|of]hgsf nflu dgfl. . 17 . #)= pkfWoIfsf] sfd.ldltdf pkl:yt x'g g.

k{g.DkGg cfof]hgfsf] cBfjlws clen]v /fVg] . afFw k}gL. . -`_ hGd. ldr]sf] d'2f. . st{Jo / clwsf/sf] k|of]u tyf kfngf ug]{5M– -s_ :jLs[t ufpF ljsf. .fFw . -ª_ ufpF ljsf. .b:osf] sfo{ .ldltsf] cfo / Joosf] lx.ldltnfO{ x'g]5M– -s_ hUuf tkm{ . -3_ u/La s+ufnsf] dxn cGtu{tsf] d'2f. If]qleq .sLo lgoGq0f ug]{ . cfnLw'/. -7_ k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd tf]lsPsf cGo sfdx¿ ug]{ . a]?h' km5\of}{6 u/fpg] / a]?h' /sd c. -v_ lgdf{0f sfo{df x'g] vr{sf] lx. #@= . If]qleqsf] hg.+Vofsf] nut b'?:t /fVg] .lrjn] cWoIfsf] k|ToIf lgb]{zgdf /xL b]xfoadf]lhdsf] sfd."n pk/ ug'{ kg]{ eP sfg"gadf]lhd c.ldltn] kfl/t u/]sf] ah]6leq /xL ufpF ljsf. s'nf] jf kfgLsf] afF8kmfF8 tyf af6f] jf lgsf.ldltsf ./sf/n] g]kfn /fhkqdf .GwL . -h_ ufpF kl/ifb\\ tyf ufpF ljsf.ldltsf] Goflos clwsf/ ##= Goflos clwsf/M clwsf/ g]kfn . d[To' tyf cGo JolQmut 36gf btf{ u/L ufpF ljsf.L . lg0f{o k'l:tsfsf] lhDdf lng] / lg0f{o k|dfl0ft ug]{ . kl/R5]b – % ufpF ljsf.fj /fVg] .Ldfgf.+rflnt / .DalGwt j8f .lrjsf] sfd."n pk/ ug]{ . .Dkfbgdf . -em_ ufpF ljsf. .DklQsf] nut /fVg] .DaGwL / Hofnf dh'/Lsf] dxn cGtu{tsf] d'2f. st{Jo Jo / clwsf/M clwsf/ . -5_ rn. -6_ ufpF ljsf. -v_ afnL cd{n d'2f. 18 .b:ox¿n] . .fa lstfa /fvL km/kmf/s u/fpg] .-$_ . -r_ n]vf k/LIf0f u/fpg]. -u_ j]7a]u/ .n lhDdf lng] .ldltsf] lg0f{o sfof{Gjog ug{sf] nflu vr{ ug]{ . sfo{qmd sfof{Gjog ug]{ ."rgf k|sfzg u/L tf]s]sf] ldltb]lv ufpF ljsf. crn tyf lhG. -u_ ufpF ljsf. . .ldltcGtu{tsf sd{rf/Lx¿sf] k|zf. -3_ ufpF ljsf.ldltdf bfo/ ePsf d'2fsf] ldl.xof]u ug'{ kg]{5 . If]qleqsf] b]xfosf d''2fx¿sf] z'? sf/afxL / lsgf/f ug]{ clwsf/ ufpF ljsf.ldltsf] a}7sdf pkl:yt eO{ lg0f{o dfOGo"6 ug]{.

-5_ sNof0f wgsf] dxn cGtu{tsf] d'2f.f] w/f}6sf] dxnsf] % g+= cGtu{tsf] d'2fafx]s . -r_ 3/ agfpg]sf] dxnsf] * g+= / ( g+= cGtu{tsf] d'2f."rLdf /x]sf JolQmx¿ dWo]af6 dWo:y lgo'Qm ug{ d'2fsf kIfx¿sf] ."rLML -!_ o.-ª_ rf}kfof x/fpg] / kfpg]sf] dxn cGtu{tsf] d'2f.ldltn] dWo:y . #%= dWo:yx¿sf] . -8_ csf{sf] 3/leq hjh{:tL k. bfp/f .xdlt x'g g. -`_ kfgL 3f6sf] k|of]u tyf .ldltdf lgo'lQm ug]{5 .ldlt u7g ubf{ bkmf #% adf]lhdsf] dWo:yx¿sf] . -%_ pkbkmf -@_. -$_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd dWo:ysf] lgo'lQmdf d'2fsf kIfx¿sf] .fdflhs sfo{stf{ dWo]af6 pko'Qm 19 . .ldltsf] u7g ug]{5 .ldltsf] cWoIf tf]Sg]5 ./L b'O{ hgf dWo:ysf] gfd k|fKt ePkl5 ufpF ljsf.ldltn] bkmf #% adf]lhdsf] dWo:y .'/Iff . . -7_ r/g.ldltdf bfo/ ePsf d'2fsf] sf/afxL tyf lsgf/f ug{ ufpF ljsf.DaGwL d'2f. 3fF.ldltn] :yfgLo JolQm Pj+ .ldltdf lbg' kg]{5 .fj{hlgs .ldltn] bkmf #% adf]lhdsf] dWo:y ."rLdf /x]sf JolQmx¿ dWo] d'2fsf kIfx¿sf] .DaGwL d'2f. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd ufpF ljsf."rgf k|sfzg u/L tf]lslbPsf cGo d'2f . P]g cGtu{t bfo/ ePsf d'2fsf] z'? sf/afxL / lsgf/f ug]{ k|of]hgsf nflu ufpF ljsf. -#_ jf -$_ adf]lhd dWo:ydf lgo'lQm ePsf dWo:yx¿ dWo]af6 Ps hgfnfO{ ufpF ljsf. To.DaGwL P]g.ldltn] dWo:y .f/ vfg nfpg lbg' kg]{ ljifosf] d'2f.ldltsf] u7gM u7g -!_ bkmf ## adf]lhd ufpF ljsf. ."rL – ! / @ df pNn]lvt d'2f afx]s g]kfn .f] dxn cGtu{tsf] cGo d'2f.s]df jf pkbkmf -#_ adf]lhd d'2fsf kIfx¿n] cf–cfkm\gf] tkm{af6 Ps–Ps hgf dWo:ysf] gfd gk7fPsf] cj:yfdf ufpF ljsf.]sf].xdlt ePsf tLg hgf JolQmnfO{ dWo:y . -#_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd dWo:y . .s]df d'2fsf kIfx¿n] cf–cfkm\gf] tkm{af6 Ps Ps hgf dWo:y lgo'Qm u/L To..ldltn] dWo:y . -9_ . . #$= dWo:y . .]sf] jf k:g.xdlt x'g g. -em_ c+za08fsf] dxnsf] !) g+= cGtu{tsf] OHht cfdbcg'.sf] gfd ufpF ljsf. a:g vf]h]sf] d'2f. a. -h_ gf.DklQsf] . ."rLdf /x]sf tLg hgf JolQmnfO{ dWo:y lgo'lQm ug]{5 ./sf/n] g]kfn /fhkqdf ./sf/L d'2f . @)$( sf] cg'. -6_ uf]jw afx]s rf}kfofsf] dxn cGtu{tsf] cGo d'2f."rLdf /x]sf JolQmx¿ dWo]af6 csf]{ Ps hgf dWo:y lgo'lQm ug]{5 . .

DalGwt lhNnf cbfntdf k'g/fj]bg ug{ .+ej . . $!= lg0f{osf] sfof{G jogM jog -!_ ufpF ljsf. . Dofb tfl/vsf] Joj:yf. #(= d'2 f . . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd dWo:yx¿sf] aLrdf ax'dt geO{ cnu–cnu /fo ePdf tL /fox¿ pNn]v u/L ufpF ljsf.ldltaf6 z'? sf/afxL / lsgf/f x'g] d'2fx¿ bfo/ ug]{ k|s[of.dfj]z ug'{ kg]{5 . To:tf] d'2f .ldltn] tTsfn ldnfkq jf lg0f{osf] sfof{Gjog ug'{ u/fpg' kg]{5 . ldnfkq jf lg0f{o ubf{sf] sfo{ k|0ffnL tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 . #&= lg0f{o ug]{ k|s [ofMf -!_ dWo:yn] cfk"m. $)= k'g /fj]b g ug{ . . Dofb tfd]n ug]{ ljlw. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] dWo:yx¿sf] .DalGwt kIfx¿sf] aLr jftf{ u/fO{ ldnfkq u/fpg]5 . P]gadf]lhd ufpF ljsf. #*= d'2 fsf] nut sf6\ \g M] bkmf #& adf]lhd ldnfkq jf lg0f{o ePsf]df . .f] ldnfkqdf jf lg0f{odf sf6g] ufpF ljsf.fj{hlgs hfgsf/Lsf] nflu ufpF ljsf. kIfx¿ pkl:yt u/fpg] k|s[of.dy{g u/]sf] /fo g} dfGo x'g]5 .ldltdf bfo/ ePsf] pQm d'2fsf] nut s6[f ug'{ kg]{5 .dIf k]z ePsf] d'2fdf oyf."rLdf ufpF ljsf.+ej dlxnf tyf lk5l8Psf ju{nfO{ .DaGwdf ePsf ldnfkq jf lg0f{oadf]lhd kIfx¿n] ltg'{–a'emfpg' kg]{ bfloTj k"/f ug{ d~h'/ u/]df ufpF ljsf.d]t .ldltsf] cfkm\gf] clwsf/If]q cGtu{tsf d'2f dfldnfsf] . lbgleq . 20 .dIf k]z ul/g]5 / pQm ljifodf ufpF ljsf. .ldltn] oyf.d]t v'nfO{ dWo:yx¿sf] .DaGwL hfFra'em tyf sf/afxLsf] tl/sf.xdlt lnO{ ltgLx¿sf] gfd.fd"lxs ¿kn] ug]{5g\ / ax'dtsf] /fo dWo:ysf] lg0f{o dflgg]5 .Sg] clwsf/M clwsf/ bkmf #& sf] pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd ePsf] lg0f{odf lrQ ga'em\g] kIfn] lg0f{o . ."rL tof/ u/L .ldltn] cfkm\gf] 5fk nufO{ cfkm\gf] clen]vdf /fvL ufpF ljsf. y/ / jtg . .ldltn] .Sg]5 .'gL kfPsf] jf yfxf kfPsf] ldltn] k}+tL. d'2f l5Gg' kg]{ cjlw.ldlt.ldltsf] sfof{nodf k|sfzg u/L /fVg' kg]{5 . #^= clwsf/If]q sf] k|of]u M -!_ dWo:ysf] clwsf/If]qsf] k|of]u tLg hgf dWo:yn] .b]lvPsf JolQmx¿sf] .s]df To:tf] d'2fdf dWo:yn] bkmf #^ adf]lhd cfkm\gf] clwsf/If]qsf] k|of]u u/L lg0f{o ug]{5 . .DaGwL sfo{ k|0 ffnLM ffnL o. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd kIfx¿sf] aLr ldnfkq u/fpg g.

ldltn] of]hgfsf] th'{df ubf{ b]xfoadf]lhdsf cfof]hgfx¿nfO{ k|fyldstf lbg' kg]{5M– -s_ pTkfbgd"ns tyf l56f] k|ltkmn k|fKt ug{ . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd ufpF ljsf. 21 .ldlt cfkm}+n] klg csf]{ cfly{s jif{sf] . . . .fwg >f]tsf] k"j{– cg'dfg k|fKt ug'{ kg]{5 .fwg.lxtsf] nut dfnkf]t sfof{nodf k7fpg' kg]{5 . -v_ ufpFsf hgtfsf] hLjg:t/. -$_ cfufdL jif{ .ldlt.|f]t tyf zLkaf6 . .DaGwL dfu{bz{g pknAw u/fpg' kg]{5 .ldltn] lhNnf ljsf./L ltg'{ a'emfpg' kg]{ bfloTjsf] ljj/0f. cfDbfgL / /f]huf/ a9fpg] tyf k|ToIf nfe x'g] / ul/aL lgjf/0fdf . -3_ :yfgLo .sf nflu cfjlws / jflif{s of]hgf th'{df ug'{ kg]{5 . kl/R5]b – ^ ufpF ljsf.f/ jfXo k/fdz{ . .]jf k|fKt ug{ . . .ldltdf .+j4{g ug{ .g]{M ufpF ljsf.ldltn] ufpF ljsf.ldltsf] of]hgfsf] th'{d fMf -!_ k|To]s ufpF ljsf.]jf tyf ljsf. -r_ jftfj/0fLo . If]qsf] ljsf. $@= d'2 f . -ª_ lk5l8Psf ju{ tyf dlxnf ju{ / afnaflnsfnfO{ k|ToIf nfe x'g] . sfo{qmd th'{dfsf] lgldQ ljleGg j8f .xof]u k'¥ofpg] .dIf /x]sf] d'2f jf ph"/Lx¿ o.+rfng x'g] . -u_ sd nfut tyf a9L hg.ldlt P]g. . ufpF ljsf.Sg]5 .+rfng x'g] of]hgfsf] th'{df ug{ rfn" jif{df b]xfoadf]lhd ug'{kg]{5M– -s_ k|To]s jif{sf] dfu{ dxLgf.g]{5g\ .DalGwt lgsfox¿af6 csf]{ cfly{s jif{sf] lgldQ dfu{bz{g tyf . @)$* adf]lhd ul7t ufpF ljsf. .ldltsf] of]hgf th'{d f / sfof{G jog k|l qmof $#= ufpF ljsf.+rfng x'g] .xeflutfdf .ldltn] cfjZostf cg'.Dddf ufpF ljsf. .ldltaf6 cfof]hgf 5gf}6 tyf sfo{qmd th'{df.3fp k'¥ofpg] .lsg] .-@_ s'g} kIfn] ldnfkq jf lg0f{oadf]lhd ltg'{ a'emfpg' kg]{ bfloTj k"/f gu/]sf] cj:yfdf ufpF ljsf. -#_ ufpF ljsf.ldltn] To. . -#_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd n]vL cfPdf .+/If0f tyf . . P]gadf]lhd ul7t ufpF ljsf. .ldlt tyf cGo . .DalGwt sfof{non] k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhdsf] /Lt k'¥ofO{ ldnfkq jf lg0f{osf] sfof{Gjog ul/lbg' kg]{5 .ldltsf] of]hgf th'{df ubf{ ufpF ljsf.

+rfng gu/L cGo s'g} pkfoaf6 cfjZostfsf] k"lt{ jf . sfo{x¿ / k|b'if0f /f]Sg] sfo{x¿ .f] sf] cfwf/df of]hgf th'{df ug'{ kg]{5 .sf lglDt ufpF:t/Lo j:t'ut tYofÍ . -r_ ljsf.-v_ ufpF ljsf./sf/L . $$= .DkGg ePsf ljleGg ljifo If]q cGtu{tsf cfof]hgfx¿sf] ljj/0f / ltgLx¿sf] . . -ª_ .dfwfg x'G5.dfj]z ug'{ kg]{5M– -s_ ufpF ljsf.+:yfaf6 cfof]hgfx¿ dfu u/L .sf .fdu|Lsf] d"No tyf nfUg] .fan] pTkfbg ug{ . -%_ cfjlws of]hgf th'{df ubf{ lgDg ljifo .+efjgfx¿ . gLlt.f tof/ ug]{M k|To]s ufpF ljsf. If]qsf] ef}uf]lns. .DaGwL Joj:yf . -3_ dlxnf / afnaflnsfsf] nflu cfod"ns / . If]qdf ul/Psf jf ul/g' kg]{ ljleGg ljsf. . pkef]Qmf .Lkd"ns ljsf. -v_ cfof]hgfaf6 kmfO{bf kfpg] hgtfsf] .d.Sg] gub.+rfng tyf . -5_ :yfgLo afl. -v_ cfjlws of]hgfn] kl/nlIft u/]sf . j:t'ut >d / To:t} cGo of]ubfg.ldltx¿ / u}/ . -v_ ljleGg If]qdf t'ngfTds nfut nfesf] lx.+Vof / kmfO{bfsf] lsl.d:of . .dosf] cg'dfg.+efjgfsf cfwf/df ljleGg ljifo If]qut cNksfnLg Pj+ bL3{sfnLg ljsf.+ef/ .ldltn] ufpF ljsf.DkGg ubf{ nfUg .ldltn] cfk\mgf] of]hgf sfof{Gjog ug]{ qmddf b]xfoadf]lhdsf s'/fx¿ .d]t v'nfO{ cfof]hgfsf] . If]qsf j8f .DaGwL of]hgf .Sg] vr{ tyf . cfly{s Pj+ k|fs[lts .DaGwdf lhNnf ljsf.lsg] .|f]t gS. -u_ lk5l8Psf hfthfltx¿ Pj+ u/LjL ePsf] If]q tyf To. x'Fb}g. 22 .f tof/ ug'{ kg]{5 .DefJotf cWoog ug'{ u/fpg' kg]{5M– -s_ cfof]hgfsf] nIo.dli6ut cfjZostfx¿ . If]qsf] ljsf.+sng u/L ufpFsf] j:t'l:ylt b]lvg] .Dkbfx¿ / ltgLx¿sf] jt{dfg pkof]u .ldltaf6 k|fKt lgb]{zgx¿ .Gbfaf6} tof/ ul/g' kg]{ ljleGg ljifo If]qsf hgzlQm ljsf. -3_ cfof]hgf .+e fJotf cWoog ug'{ kg]{M ufpF ljsf. -^_ jflif{s of]hgf th'{df ubf{ lgDg s'/fnfO{ cfwf/ lng' kg]{5M– -s_ /fli6«o ljsf. -u_ 5gf}6 ug{ nfluPsf] cfof]hgf gofF xf] jf cw'/f] xf]. sfo{x¿ . -r_ pkef]Qmfx¿af6 k|fKt x'g . sfo{x¿ . -ª_ cfof]hgf .ldltx¿. $%= cfof]hgfsf] .|f]t gS.

Sg] z'Ns jf dd{t .do tflnsf lgwf{/0f ug]{ . -u_ b'a}sf] sfo{ljlwdf pkef]Qmfx¿sf] e"ldsf d'Vo ¿kn] sfod ug]{ . u}x|. -3_ nufgLaf6 ufpFjf. -ª_ ljleGg sfo{qmd sfof{Gjogsf] .ldltsf] cg'bfgaf6.dGjo sfod ug]{ .ldltn] cfof]hgf 5gf}6 u/]kl5 .+rflnt x'g]5g\M– -s_ ufpF ljsf.+3 . .Fu b]xfosf ljifodf .]jfsf If]qdf ul/g] nufgLdf ufpF ljsf. -$_ ufpF ljsf. $^= cfof]hgfsf] 5gf}6M -!_ cfof]hgfsf] 5gf}6 ubf{ bkmf $$ adf]lhdsf] >f]t gSzf tyf cfof]hgfsf] .Da4{g ug]{ lsl. -v_ nufgLstf{x¿ aLr cfk./sf/L tyf u}/ .ldltsf] of]hgf b]xfoadf]lhd . 23 .Lx¿n] clwstd nfe xfl.dn] cfof]hgf 5gf}6 ug'{ kg]{5 . / -h_ cGo v'nfpg' kg]{ s'g} s'/f eP ./sf/L .+rfngM fng -!_ ufpF ljsf.dGjo sfod ug'{ kg]{5M– -s_ s'g} klg .f] .xeflutf / >d k|fKt x'g] cfof]hgfx¿ 5gf}6 ug'{ kg]{5 .ldlt / . . -@_ ufpF ljsf.ldltnfO{ k|fKt x'g] cg'bfgsf] cg'dfg k|fKt ePkl5 k|fyldstfsf] cfwf/df cfof]hgf 5gf}6 ug'{ kg]{5 .DalGwt lgsfo aLr bf]xf]/f]kg x6fpg] . .Sg] tl/sf ckgfpg] . -%_ 5gf}6 ePsf cfof]hgfsf] hfgsf/L ufpFjf.n ug{ ./sf/L tyf bft[ .ldltn] cfk\mgf of]hgf / . $*= ufpF ljsf.+rfng Joj:yf.+:yf.-5_ pkef]Qmfaf6 p7\g . .]jf sfo{qmd th'{df ubf{ ufpF ljsf.Lx¿aLr .]jf / ljsf.ldltsf] cfkm\g} >f]taf6. -@_ cfof]hgf 5gf}6 ubf{ jftfj/0f ./sf/L. . sfo{qmdx¿ sfof{Gjog ug]{ ./sf/L lgsfox¿ aLr . . . .dGjo ug]{M ufpF ljsf.ldlt / .+/If0f tyf .+:yfaf6 .ldltsf] of]hgf ./sf/sf] cg'bfgaf6 -3_ ljleGg u}/ . . If]qdf ljleGg .+rfng tflnsf agfO{ sfof{Gjog ug'{ u/fpg' kg]{5 .df kl/k"/s .fj{hlgs u/fpg' kg]{5 ./sf/L.Gbfx¿sf] . u}/ . -u_ g]kfn . -v_ lhNnf ljsf.Def/ vr{ jf .DefJotf cWoog k|ltj]bgsf] cfwf/df ug'{ kg]{5 . -#_ cfof]hgf 5gf}6 ubf{ a9L eGbf a9L :yfgLo jfl. $&= ufpF ljsf.

flxt ug'{ kg]{5 .ldltn] u}/–.ldltn] of]hgf th'{df ubf{ ufpF ljsf.ldltn] cfk\mgf] of]hgfsf] th'{df / . -$_ lhNnf of]hgfdf .]jf z'Nssf] /sd . -@_ pkef]Qmf . %!= u}/ –./sf/åf/f tf]lsPsf] k|s[of adf]lhd .ldltn] To:tf] cfof]hgfaf6 . -#_ pkef]Qmf . . .flxt ug'{ kg]{M -!_ k|To]s ufpF ljsf.+rfng ug]{ .+ef/ ug]{ sfo{sf] nflu ufpF ljsf.f] .ldltsf] k/fdz{df ug]{5 . $(= cfof]hgfsf] sfof{G jog / Joj:yfkgM Joj:yfkg -!_ ufpF:t/sf cfof]hgfx¿sf] ./sf/L .+ef/ / . .ldltsf .+rfngsf nflu tfnLd cfjZos ePdf ./sf/L .DaGwdf /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]u / lhNnf ljsf. /]vb]v.ldltaf6 k|fKt >f]taf6 ./sf/L .]jf z'Ns c. -%_ pkbkmf -#_ / -$_ adf]lhdsf] cfDbfgL vr{sf] ljj/0f pkef]Qmf .Sg]5 .ldltn] . -&_ ufpF ljsf. If]qleq ufpF ljsf.ldlt dfkm{t ul/g]5 . .+rfng ug]{ sfo{qmddf u}/ . -%_ ufpF ljsf. .+rfng x'g] cfof]hgfx¿ cfk\mg} >f]t / ufpF ljsf. . . -@_ u}/–.-#_ u}/ .+:yf aLr ePsf] . sfo{qmdx¿sf] klxrfg.ldltdf k]z ug'{ kg]{5 .Demf}tf u/L . . -$_ pkbkmf -#_ adf]lhd k|fKt .+rfng pkef]Qmf .+:yfx¿nfO{ k|f]T.ldlt.ldltn] cBfjlws u/L ufpF ljsf.+rfng.+:yfaf6 .f/ cfof]hgf .ldltdf k7fpg' kg]{5 . If]qdf /x]sf] gu/ ljsf. .d]t k|bfg ug'{ kg]{5 ./sf/L .dodf lbPsf] lgb]{zg kfng ug'{ kg]{5 .+rfng x'g] sfo{qmd ufpF ljsf. .+:yfx¿sf] nufgL . :jLs[lt. 24 . th'{df.+rfng x'g] ljz]if cfof]hgf g]kfn . .d]t x'g] cj:yfdf b'O{ .ldltn] .Fu .+rfng x'g]5g\ .b:onfO{ cfof]hgf .ldlt tyf lhNnf ljsf.+emf}tf cg'.+rfng x'g]5 . .+:yfaf6 ."n ug{ . -^_ g]kfn . d"Nof+sg tyf dd{t .+rflnt x'g]5 .DalGwt cfof]hgfsf] dd{t.dfj]z ug]{ cfof]hgfx¿ ufpFkl/ifb\\af6 kfl/t u/fO{ lhNnf ljsf.do . .+/If0fdf vr{ ug'{ kg]{5 .+: yfnfO{ k|f]T./sf/L ./sf/sf] cg'bfgaf6 .]jf k|fKt ug]{ pkef]Qmfaf6 . %)= lgb]{zg kfng ug'{ kg]{M ufpF ljsf.+rfng u/fpg' kg]{5 .

.ldltn] nufpg kfpg] s/M s/ ufpF ljsf.+rfng ug]{ lgsfoaf6 cfof]hgf .ldltn] hfFrkf.dLIff ufpF ljsf.DalGwt . .ldltn] cfk\mgf] If]qdf tf]lsPsf] b/df ga9\g] u/L ufpF kl/ifb\af6 kfl/t b/df b]xfoadf]lhdsf s/x¿ nufpg . lj:tf/ / Joj:yfkg ug'{ kg]{5 .s ¿kdf . . . lj:tf/ / Joj:yfkgM cfof]hgf .+:yfn] cfof]hgf .DkGg ePkl5 tf]lsPadf]lhd hfFrkf. . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] .+:yfn] cfof]hgf .Sg]5 . If]qleq .ldltn] u}/–. . -@_ cfof]hgf .DaGwL k"0f{ ljj/0f ufpF ljsf./sf/L . kl/R5]b – & cfly{s Joj:yf %%= ufpF ljsf.ldlt cfkm}+n] .ldlt. %@= cfof]hgfsf] .Def/.DkGg k|ltj]bg / d"Nof+sgsf] cfwf/df ufpF ljsf.Sg]5M– 25 . .Def/ / lj:tf/sf nflu cfof]hgfsf] .]jf z'Nssf] /sdaf6 cfof]hgfsf] dd{t.ldltdf k|fKt ePkl5 k|fljlwsn] k]z u/]sf] sfo{. / km/kmf/s ug]{5 .-#_ . . %#= cfof]hgfsf] hfFrkf.ldltn] ufpFljsf. -$_ ufpF ljsf.ldltn] o:tf] cfof]hgfsf] k|fljlws hfFr / d"Nof+sg u/fO{ . .dGjo /fvL ug'{ kg]{5 .+rfng ug{ . Joj:yfkg -!_ ufpF ljsf. .ldltdf pknAw gePsf] cj:yfdf lhNnf ljsf. tyf km/kmf/sM km/kmf/s -!_ cfof]hgf .Fu .dLIffM . / km/kmf/s ug'{ u/fpg' kg]{5 . .f] sf] k|ltj]bgsf] cfwf/df .xof]u ufpF ljsf. ePsf cfof]hgfsf] dd{t .+rflnt cfof]hgfx¿sf] q}dfl.]jf z'Ns lng . / km/kmf/s ug]{5 . . -#_ pkbkmf -@_ sf] k|of]hgsf] nflu cfjZos x'g] k|fljlws .Sg]5 .ldltdf k]z ug'{ kg]{5 . .f] cfof]hgfsf] hfFrkf.ldltnfO{ hfgsf/L u/fpg' kg]{5 / lhNnf ljsf.ldltn] tof/ u/L /fVg'kg]{5 . . -$_ u}/–. . -#_ pkbkmf -!_ / -@_ adf]lhd cfDbfgL vr{sf] cWofjlws ljj/0f ufpF ljsf. . -%_ ufpF ljsf.ldltn] %$= hfFrkf.DkGg u/]sf] cfof]hgf .DkGg ePkl5 cfof]hgfsf] dd{t.]jf k|fKt ug]{x¿af6 . .+rfng ubf{ ufpF ljsf.Def/.DaGwdf lhNnf ljsf.ldIff ug'{ kg]{5 .DkGg ePsf] hfgsf/L ufpF ljsf./sf/L .+:yf dfkm{t of]hgfx¿ sfof{Gjog / .ldltn] pknAw u/fpg' kg]{5 .

jf/Ldf pQm . h:tf dgf]/~hg u/fPafkt z'Ns .Sg]5 .Sg]5M– -s_ . /]vb]v jf . -v_ dfnkf]t jf e"l d s/M s/ ufpF ljsf. . P]nfgL hUuf jf af6f]sf] 5]psf ef8fdf lbPsf c:yfoL k.|f]t .f] If]qsf] ufpF ljsf.ldltn] tf]lsPadf]lhd s/ nufpg . Jofkf/ Joj. -3_ .]jf jfkt ufpF kl/ifb\af6 kfl/t b/df b]xfoadf]lhdsf] . t/ dfnkf]t jf e"lds/af6 p7]sf] /fhZjsf] kRrL. . If]qleq k|j]z u5{ . If]qleqsf] k|fs[lts .ldltnfO{ a'emfpg' kg]{5 .fo s/ . -v_ ko{6sLo If]q k|j]z z'Ns .fo s/M s/ ufpF ljsf. lkslgs If]q / Eo" 6fj/ cflbdf k|j]z z'Ns .nx¿df axfnlj6f}/L s/ .flos lel8of] le l8of] s/M s/ ufpF ljsf.g]dfxn. ahf/. hfqf cflbdf yfk]sf] k.aeGbf klxn] ljb]zaf6 h'g ufpF ljsf. -6_ tf]lsPadf]lhd cGo s/ nufpg] .d]tsf] cfwf/df k|lt3/ hUufsf] jflif{s 3/–hUuf s/ . -5_ lj1fkg s/M s/ ufpF ljsf. If]qleq Jofj.fwg s/ . . 9n lgsf.|f]t pkof]u s/M s/ ufpF ljsf. If]qleq . -u_ xf6. k|sf/ / agf}6 .f+:s[lts k|bz{g xn h:tf dgf]/~hg :yndf tf]lsPadf]lhd dgf]/~hg s/ nufpg . -u_ kfs{. t/ g]kfn clw/fHoleq k|j]z u/]sf] tf]lsPsf] .fwg s/M s/ ufpF ljsf. -r_ axfn lj6f}/ L s/M s/ ufpF ljsf.s{. -ª_ dgf]/ ~hg s/M s/ ufpF ljsf. 26 .Sg]5 / Ps ufpF ljsf. If]qleqsf] hUufdf dfnkf]t jf e"ld s/ . d]nf.fo jf k]zfdf Joj./.ldltn] cfkm\gf] If]qleq cfkm"n] pknAw u/fPsf] .flos pkof]u u/]jfkt nfUg] s/ .jf/L . k|ltzt /sd lhNnf ljsf. If]qleq tf]lsPsf] pBf]u. If]qleqsf tf]lsPsf] .kmfO{.Dkbfsf] Joj.]j f z'N sM s -!_ ufpF ljsf.n afkt xf6 ahf/ k. .jf/L . -em_ Jofj.jf/L . -h_ Joj. If]qleqsf] 3/sf] cfsf/.]jf z'Ns .+rflnt kz'xf6 tyf lgoldt xf6 ahf/. k.jf/L s/ / cfkm\gf] If]qdf cfpg] . -`_ k|fs[l ts . %^= . If]qleq cfk"mn] lgdf{0f.]jf z'Ns nufpg .jf/Ldf k6s] .jf/L btf{ tyf jflif{s .flos lel8of] s/ .-s_ 3/ hUuf s/M s/ ufpF ljsf. If]qdf /x]sf] :jLs[t l.n s/ . lel8of]xn.fO{g af]8{df lj1fkg s/ .jf/Ldf .+rfng u/]sf] xf6 ahf/. .a} k|sf/sf . If]qleq /flvPsf . pBfg. .n s/M s/ ufpF ljsf. If]qleq s/ lt/]kl5 cGoq k'gM To:tf] s/ nfUg]5}g . -3_ hfb'.

+3–./sf/L ktL{ hUufsf] df6f] .fj{hlgs k|of]uafx]s cGo k|of]uaf6 k|fKt /sd . ."n.fk6L /sd . -u_ ufpF ljsf.ldltsf] . -5_ cfod"ns sfo{qmdaf6 k|fKt /sd . . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] sf]ifdf b]xfoadf]lhdsf /sdx¿ /xg]5g\M– -s_ g]kfn .Sg]5 . %*= laqmL u/L cfo cfh{g ug{ . . . h/fh'/L cflb . . -h_ a}+s jf cGo s'g} .kmfl/z b:t'/ . tyf gjLs/0f b:t'/ .DklQ lwtf] /fvL jf g/fvL jf g]kfn . xfFuf.ldlt sf]i fMf -!_ ufpF ljsf./sf/ jf lhNnf ljsf. -ª_ v/ 3fF.DklQ .ldltsf] rn crn . .+3 . ./sf/sf] hdfgLdf a}+s jf cGo s'g} .xof]u k'¥ofPafkt kfpg] /sd .ldltn] ufpF kl/ifb\af6 :jLs[t ePadf]lhd ufpF ljsf.xfotf jf pkxf/af6 k|fKt /sd .f}gL b:t'/ .}sf] /sd snd p7fO lbPdf p7]sf] /sdaf6 . z'Ns. -u_ l.DklQ jf cGo j:t'sf] laqmLaf6 k|fKt /sd . -v_ b:t'/.ldltsf] xs ef]usf] rn–crn . cflb .]jf z'Ns lng .ldltn] s.ldltsf] Pp6f sf]if /xg]5 .ldltaf6 k|fKt /sd .fj{hlgs kf]v/L jf au}+rfsf] pTkfbg .Sg]5 . .axfnaf6 k|fKt /sd . -em_ b08 hl/jfgfaf6 p7]sf] /sd .ldltn] cfk\mgf] If]qleq tf]lsPsf] b/df ga9\g] u/L ufpF kl/ifb\af6 kfl/t b/df b]xfoadf]lhdsf] b:t'/ nufpg . %&= b:t'/ M ufpF ljsf. If]qleqsf] jg k}bfjf/ dWo] . dx. . -v_ .]G. 27 .fk6L lng . -v_ aS.+:yfaf6 lnPsf] C[0f .Sg]5M– -s_ . lel8of] / cGo pks/0fsf] nfO. %(= C[0 f lng .ldltn] cfk\mgf] If]qleqsf b]xfosf j:t'x¿ laqmL ug{ . lem+hf. .L /f]Sg] sfddf . -r_ ufpF ljsf. ^)= ufpF ljsf.'s]sf] sf7 bfp/f.+:yfaf6 C[0f .-@_ ufpF ljsf.Sg]M ufpF ljsf. -3_ ufpF ljsf. -3_ . -u_ ufpF ljsf. .fj{hlgs vf]nf gfnfsf] kfgL . If]qleqsf] jg k}bfjf/ rf]/L lgsf.Sg]M ufpF ljsf. -ª_ rGbf.Sg]5M– -s_ 6]lnlehg. bfg.

.+rfng ug{sf] nflu cfufdL cfly{s jif{sf] ah]6df . .+o'Qm b:tvt x'g'kg]{5 .Sg]5 .+:yfdfkm{t\ ljsf.d"x./sf/n] tf]lslbPsf] jf cGo k|rlnt sfg"gaf6 k|fKt clVtof/Laf6 cfpg] /sd .lrjsf] .ldltsf] lg0f{o sfof{Gjog ug{ sf]ifaf6 /sd vr{ ug{ .fj{hlgs ¿kdf j8f–j8fdf .lrjsf] . 7]Ssf jf cdfgtaf6 u/fpg . ^#= lgdf{0 f tyf cGo 7]Ssf k6[fM -!_ ufpF ljsf.lsg] 5}g ./sf/L . .b:o / . ^%= ah]6sf] afFs L /sdM /sd Ps cfly{s jif{df vr{ x'g g.+o'Qm b:tvtaf6 x'g]5 . -v_ ufpF:t/Lo of]hgfsf] lx.fdfg jf .ldltn] cfkm\gf] cfo / Joosf] hfgsf/L k|To]s ufpF kl/ifb\\sf] a}7s ePsf] ldltn] Ps dlxgfleq . .ldltn] /sdfGt/ ug{ . -@_ ufpF ljsf./. -%_ sf]ifaf6 vr{ u/]sf] /sdsf] cfly{s k|ltj]bg ufpF kl/ifb\sf] a}7sdf k]z ug'{ kg]{5 / ufpF ljsf.DklQsf] lnnfd laqmL tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 . ^@= /sdfGt/M /sdfGt/ ufpF kl/ifb\af6 :jLs[t jflif{s ah]6sf] zLif{ssf] bz k|ltztdf ga9fO{ ufpF ljsf.f/ ufpF ljsf. ^$= lnnfd laqmLsf] Joj:yfM Joj:yf ufpF kl/ifb\af6 :jLs[t gLltcg'.ldltnfO{ sfd gnfUg] .ldltaf6 ul/g] 7]Ssf–k6[fsf] lnvtdf cWoIf jf lghn] tf]s]sf] . ^!= sf]i fsf] /sd vr{ ug]{ tl/sfM tl/sf -!_ sf]ifsf] .d]t u/fpg' kg]{5 .ldltn] cfkm}+ jf u}/ .b:o / .ldltn] lgdf{0f sfo{ u/fpFbf b]xfoadf]lhd ug'{.xfotfdf eg] /sdfGt/ ug{ .dfj]z ug'{ kg]{5 .sL afFsL /x]sf] ah]6sf] /sd rfn" jif{df cw"/f /x]sf cfof]hgf / sfo{qmd .DalGwt lgsfox¿n] /fVg' kg]{ u/L .lrjn] ufpF kl/ifb\n] kfl/t u/]sf] ah]6 tyf sfo{qmdsf] clwgdf /xL ufpF ljsf. . -$_ sf]ifsf] /sd vr{ ubf{ tf]lsPadf]lhd vr{ ug'{ kg]{5 . . . t/ e}k/L cfpg] / cfly{s . u/fpg' kg]{5M– -s_ 7]Ssf k6[f tyf cGo sf/f]af/ tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g] u/L . 28 . -#_ sf]ifdf hDdf ePsf] /sd a}+sdf hDdf ug['{ kg]{5 .Sg]5 . -@_ ufpF kl/ifb\af6 jflif{s ah]6 tyf sfo{qmd :jLs[t gu/L sf]ifaf6 /sd vr{ ug{ kfOg] 5}g . -#_ ufpF ljsf.+rfng cWoIf jf lghn] tf]s]sf] .Sg]5 .-`_ g]kfn . -#_ .–lgdf{0fsf sfo{x¿ tf]lsPadf]lhd pkef]Qmf .fa lstfa .

. .ldltsf] clGtd n]vf k/LIf0f ufpF kl/ifb\af6 ul7t n]vf . .DklQ -!_ ufpF ljsf. ./sf/sf] :jLs[ltlagf a]r–lavg ug{ jf c? s'g} Joxf]/fn] xsef]u 5f]8\g kfpg] 5}g . kf}jf. .'emfj.dIf k|:t't ug'{ kg]{5 .'emfj. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] .lsg]5 . -u_ k|rlnt jg . .f] sf] ljj/0f.DaGwL sfg"g jf g]kfn . -3_ k|fs[lts . kf]v/L. ^*= ufpF ljsf. If]qleqsf] b]xfosf . O{gf/./sf/ jf lhNnf ljsf.'s} cj:yfdf klg :jtM ab/ x'g]5 . .+:yf jf s'g} JolQmn] lbPsf] . 3/.DklQ ufpF ljsf. -#_ n]vf k/LIf0f k|ltj]bgdf pNn]v ul/Psf a'Fbfdfly cfjZos sf/afxL u/L . -v_ s'g} JolQm ljz]ifsf] lghL xs gePsf] / g]kfn . . lzjfno. kf6L. ^&= kfl/>lds / a}7s eQfM eQf -!_ cWoIf / pkfWoIfn] tf]lsPadf]lhd kfl/>lds kfpg]5g\ .ldltn] cfly{s jif{ .ldltsf] k"/f xs x'g]5 / To:tf] .ldltsf] l. 29 .+3 .DklQ . lgsf.Dkbf . lhNnf ljsf.lxt ufpF kl/ifb\df k]z ug'{ kg]{5 . / af6f] . b]jfno. ./sf/.^^= >]: tf /fVg] /fVg]M ufpF ljsf. -@_ ufpF ljsf. k'n. kfgL3f6./sf/n] lbPsf] jg .ldltsf] a}7sdf efu lnPafkt . :jLs[lt lagf a]r–lavg u/]df jf xs 5f8L s.DklQsf] /]vb]v dd{t.dfKt ePsf] ldltn] rf/ dlxgfleq ug]{5 .ldltnfO{ lgb]{zg lbg]5 . ^(= n]vf k/LIf0fM k/LIf0f -!_ ufpF ljsf. .kmfl/zdf lhNnf ljsf. wf/f. s"jf. g]kfn . gfnf. .ldlt jf .b:ox¿nfO{ tf]lsPadf]lhdsf] a}7s eQf lbg . v/Lb ePsf]. -$_ n]vf .fj{hlgs 9n.ldltsf] .ldltn] :jLs[t u/]sf] n]vf k/LIfsaf6 u/fpg' kg]{5 .DklQM .lxt cWoIfn] .f] k|ltj]bg n]vf . .ldltn] g]kfn .ldltn] ug'{ kg]{5M– -s_ ufpF ljsf. uf}r/.ldltn] pkbkmf -#_ adf]lhd cWoIfaf6 k|fKt k|ltj]bg cWoog u/L cfkm\gf] /fo .ldltsf] /fo . .lxt k|fKt k|ltj]bg dfly 5nkmn u/L n]vf k/LIf0faf6 sfod ePsf a]?h' lgoldt ug{ gldNg] ePdf a]?h' km5\of}{6sf] nflu ufpF ljsf.ldlt. .+ef/ tyf k|aGw ufpF ljsf.ldltn] cfk\mgf] cfo / Joosf] >]:tf tf]lsPadf]lhd /fVg' kg]{5 . .DklQ pk/ ufpF ljsf.ldltsf] cfGtl/s n]vf k/LIf0f lhNnf ljsf.ldltsf] :jfldTjdf g/x]sf] .ldltsf] sf]ifaf6 ag]sf].}nfO{ lbPdf h'g. -%_ ufpF kl/ifb\n] n]vf . -@_ ufpF ljsf.

fj{hlgs hUuf ldrL To:tf] lgdf{0f sfo{ u/]df ufpF ljsf.Dd hl/jfgf u/L To:tf] xfgL–gf]S. uf]/]6f]. If]qleq lglb{i6 :yfgdf kmf]xf]/ d}nf gkmfnL htftt} kmfn]df To:tf] kmf]x/ d}nf x6fpg nfUg] vr{ .Sg]5 .Sg]5 / To:tf] cfb]zadf]lhd gx6fPdf ufpF ljsf. -v_ csf{nfO{ b'Mv lbg] lgotn] afwf ca/f]w k'¥ofpg] u/L 9n lgsf./L lgdf{0f sfo{ ug]{ JolQmnfO{ kfFr xhf/ ?k}ofF.Sg]5 ."n u/L Ps xhf/ ?k}ofF.f]xLadf]lhd / gtf]s]sf]df kfFr xhf/ ?k}ofF.ldltn] .Sg]5 .ldltn] o. -r_ ufpF ljsf.]km\6L 6\of+sL agfpg].Sg]5 ..ldltn] To.d]t . .ldltn] To:tf] sfo{ /f]Sg. k7fO{ /f]Sg.ldltn] .f] x6fpg . af/ jf cj/f]wsf .}n] .fj{hlgs .fj{hlgs .hfo &)= b08 .}n] b]xfosf] s'g} sfd u/]df lghnfO{ ufpF ljsf. /fVg] h:tf sfo{ u/]df ufpF ljsf. -3_ ufpF ljsf.Dd hl/jfgf ug{ .DklQ s. .Sg]5 .fj{hlgs hUufdf s. . 6x/f cflb lgdf{0f ug]{ h:tf sfd u/]df ufpF ljsf.o ?k}ofF. eTsfpg jf x6fpg . .ldltn] b]xfoadf]lhd .f] cfb]z gdfg]df dflg. . . If]qleqsf . . eTsfpg jf x6fpg gdfg]df ufpF ljsf. -u_ ufpF ljsf.Sg]5 .fdfg x6fpg nufO{ Ps . 3f]8]6f] jf :yfg 3]g]{ jf /f]Sg] cfjt hfjtdf cj/f]w v8f ug]{ sfd u/]df To:tf] 3]/f.fgLsf] lauf] ."n pk/ ug{ jf ."n u/L Ps xhf/ ?k}+of.ob]lv kfFr. .ldltsf] Ohfht a]u/ s.Sg]5 . If]qleq s.DalGwt JolQmaf6 c.}n] xfgL gf]S. eTsfpg jf x6fpg cfb]z lbg . o.Fu c. k7fO{ 30 ./L eTsfpFbf jf x6fpFbf nfu]sf] vr{ cfb]z gdfGg] JolQmaf6 c. ufpF ljsf.Sg]M -!_ ufpF ljsf. -ª_ ufpF ljsf. 6x/f cflb eTsfpg] cfb]z lbg .fgL u/]df jf cltqmd0f jf ckrng u/]df jf .kl/R5]b – * b08 ./L x6fpFbf nfu]sf] vr{ c6]/ ug]{ JolQm.t c."n u/L Ps .DalGwt JolQml.Dd hl/jfgf ug{ .Dd hl/jfgf ug{ .+/rgf lauf/]df k|rlnt sfg"gn] .Sg]5M– -s_ csf{nfO{ cK7]/f] kfg]{ lgot /fvL ?v nufpg] jf kvf{n nufpg] jf 3/.fljs cj:yfdf tof/ ug{ nufpg .fj{hlgs af6f].Sg]5 . 6x/f cflb lgdf{0f u/]df jf . rlk{.Dd hl/jfgf u/L lgdf{0f u/]sf] 3/.f] cfb]zadf]lhd /f]Sg. .hfo tf]s]sf]df .hfo ug{ . .ldltn] dflg. .hfo ug{ . If]qleqsf .Dd hl/jfgf ug{ .}n] cglws[t ¿kn] 3/.f] x6fpg cfb]z lbg .Sg]5 .o ?k}ofF.

. z'Ns.ldltn] 7]s]sf] jf nufPsf] s/ b:t'/.Sg]5 / . .Sg]5 . -%_ o.Sg]5 .d]t e/fpg .Sg]5 .s]sf]df k'gM ."rL /fVg] cfb]z lbg .Sg]5 / ufpF ljsf. .DalGwt JolQmnfO{ kfFr . .Sg]5 . 31 .nx¿df d"No . lbgleq .f]xL s.o ?k}ofF. cfFug jf rf]sdf kmf]x/ d}nf kmfn]df jf jftfj/0f b'u{lGwt x'g] sfo{ u/]df ufpF ljsf.Fu c. -@_ ufpF ljsf."n u/L lng .Sg]5 .ldltn] pknAw u/fPsf] ."n pk/ ul/g]5 . ufpF ljsf. . 6x/f cflb eTsfpg nufpg .DalGwt lhNnf cbfntdf k'g/fj]bg ug{ .f]xLadf]lhd / gtf]lsPsf]df ufpF ljsf.Sg]5 .dfhdf zflGt e+u x'g] s[ofsnfk u/]df ufpF ljsf.Sg]5 . -`_ 5f8f rf}kfof lgoGq0f ug{ ufpF ljsf.Sg]5 .ldltn] kfFr .ldltn] v08 -u_ adf]lhd hl/jfgf u/L kmf]xf]/ d}nf x6fpg nufpg .ldlt jf j8fx¿df sf~hL xfp. -h_ ufpF ljsf.ldltn] u/]sf] .Sg]5 .Dd hl/jfgf ug{ . -$_ o. .fwgåf/f 5/l5d]s jf . bkmfcGtu{t . -em_ ufpF ljsf.ldltn] u/]sf] b08 hl/jfgf bkmf @^) adf]lhdsf] k|lqmof ckgfO{ c."rL g/fv]df .o ?k}ofF. ./L eTsfpFbf nfu]sf] vr{ .}n] cfkm\gf] l5d]sLsf] 3/.sf] Joj:yf u/L sfg"gadf]lhd lauf]afnL .ldltn] To:tf] sfo{ gug{ jf pks/0f x6fpg kg]{df x6fpg] cfb]z lbg . .ldltn] o. .Dd hl/jfgf ug{ . P]g cGtu{t ag]sf lgod. ljlgod jf cfb]zsf] pNn+3g u/L s."/ bf]xf]¥ofP/ ug]{nfO{ ufpF ljsf.o ?k}ofF. P]gdf cGoq b08 .Sg]5 / .f]adf]lhd d"No . If]qleq s'g} lsl.ldltn] k6s} lkR5] bf]Aa/ . dx."n ug{ afFsL cGo /sd s'g} JolQmn] ga'emfPdf ufpF ljsf.}n] s'g} sfd u/]df o.n wgLnfO{ kfFr .3/.]jf To:tf] JolQmsf] xsdf aGb ug{ ."nLML bkmf &) adf]lhd ufpF ljsf. . &!= b08 hl/jfgfsf] c. -#_ of] P]g jf o.hfodf lrQ ga'em\g] kIfn] lg0f{o yfxf kfPsf] ldltn] k}tL.DalGwt JolQm.hfo tf]lsPsf]df .Dd hl/jfgf ug{ .o ?k}ofF. -5_ s.hfo kfO.Sg]5 .ldltn] k. .hfo ug{ .Dd hl/jfgf ug{ . bkmfadf]lhd ufpF ljsf.DalGwt k.ldltn] kfFr. .dsf] oGq h8fg u/L jf s'g} pks/0f jf dgf]/~hgsf .f] cfb]z gdfg]df .'n tyf c.

's} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg g]kfn ./L l.f] ./sf/n] l. &$= l./ gkg]{ u/L To:tf] gu/ If]q jf j8fsf] l.dfgf x]/ km]/ M -!_ bkmf &@ adf]lhd tf]lsPsf] s'g} gu/ If]q jf bkmf &# adf]lhd ljefhg ul/Psf] s'g} j8fsf] l.ldlt &@= gu/ If]q / s]G b| tf]Sg]M -!_ g]kfn ./sf/n] g]kfn clw/fHoleqsf] sDtLdf aL.ldlt u7g u/L .Sg]5 .kmfl/zdf lgjf{rg cfof]usf] :jLs[lt lnO{ k|ltlglw . xhf/ hg.efu – # gu/kflnsf .f] If]qsf] s]Gb| tf]Sg .DjlGwt lhNnf kl/ifb\n] l.Sg]5 .kmfl/z u/]df pkbkmf -!_ sf] clwgdf /xL g]kfn . -#_ g]kfn ./sf/n] gu/ kl/ifb\\sf] k/fdz{df pk–bkmf -!_ / -@_ adf]lhd tf]lsPsf] gu/ If]qleqsf] kfos kg]{ :yfgnfO{ .+Vof ePsf] / lah'nL.b:osf] lgjf{rgsf] nflu sfod ePsf] lgjf{rg If]qnfO{ c.Sg]5 .DalGwt ljz]if1 .efsf] .+rf/sf] Joj:yf ePsf] s'g} If]qnfO{ rf/ lsNnf vf]nL gu/ If]q tf]Sg .fn eGbf Ps jif{ cufj} ul/.d]t /x]sf] .d]t Wofg lbO{ oyf.+rf/ Joj:yf ePsf] s'g} If]qnfO{ rf/ lsNnf vf]nL gu/ If]q tf]Sg . oftfoft. j8f ljefhg / j8f . vfg]kfgL / .dfgf x]/km]/ ubf{ lgjf{rg x'g] .b:osf] nflu rflxg] of]Uotf k'u]sf JolQmx¿ dWo]af6 lgjf{lrt u/]sf b]xfoadf]lhdsf] j8fWoIf / j8f .Sg' kg]{5 . .ldltsf] l.DjlGwt gu/ kl/ifb\sf] b'O{ ltxfO{ ax'dtaf6 k|:tfj kfl/t e} .dfgf x]/km]/ ug{ cfjZos k/]df g]kfn .Sg]5 ./sf/n] ef}uf]lns cj:yfnfO{ .dfgf x]/km]/ ug{ . &%= j8f .b:ox¿ /xg] u/L Ps j8f .dfgf x]/]km]/ x'g cfjZos 5 egL .8s.dfgf x]/km]/ ug{ .ldltsf] u7gM u7g gu/kflnsfsf] k|To]s j8fsf k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd dtbftf x'g of]Uotf k'u]sf g]kfnL gful/sx¿n] bkmf &* adf]lhd gu/ kl/ifb\sf] . -$_ pkbkmf -#_ adf]lhd tf]lsPsf] gu/ If]qsf] s]Gb|df gu/ :t/Lo . &#= j8f ljefhgM ljefhg bkmf &@ adf]lhd tf]lsPsf] gu/ If]qnfO{ g]kfn ./sf/n] .+Vof ePsf] / lah'nL./sf/n] kxf8L / lxdfnL If]qsf] sDtLdf bz xhf/ hg.Sg]5 . t/ o.+Vof kg]{ u/L sDtLdf gf} j8fdf ljefhg ug]{5 .ldlt u7g x'g]5M– 32 . -@_ pk–bkmf -!_ df h'g.+ej a/fa/ hg. -@_ s'g} gu/ If]qsf] l.a} sfof{nox¿ /xg]5g\ .DaGwL Joj:yf kl/R5]b – ! gu/ If]q . vfg]kfgL / .

DaGwL Joj:yf &^= gu/ kl/ifb\ \s f] u7gM kl/ifb sf] u7g -!_ bkmf &@ adf]lhd tf]lsPsf] gu/ If]qdf Ps gu/ kl/ifb\ u7g ul/g]5 . -$_ s'g} sf/0fjz lgwf{l/t .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg o.dfKt ePsf] dlgg]5 / gu/ kl/ifb\sf] gj lgjf{lrt .b:ox¿ /xg]5g\M– -s_ gu/kflnsfsf k|d'v / pk–k|d'v. / -u_ tLghgf j8f .sL c? .ldltsf j8fWoIf. -v_ k|To]s j8f . -u_ gu/kflnsf If]qleqsf dlxnf.b:osf] dgf]gog x'g g.b:osf] nflu lgjf{rg . -v_ Pshgf dlxnf j8f . hghflt.+rfng ug]{ clwsf/ x'g]5 .ldltsf] .b:osf] kbfjlw u0fgf ubf{ kbfjlw z'? x'g] .b:o / j8f .DkGg ePdf gu/ kl/ifb\sf] ./L dgf]gLt x'g] JolQmx¿ dWo] sDtLdf rfnL.dfh . 33 . -@_ gu/ kl/ifb\df b]xfoadf]lhdsf .dodf eP klg To:tf] .L dWo] gu/ kl/ifb\df k|ltlglwTj x'g g.fnsf] >fj0f ! ut]b]lv u0fgf ul/g]5 / kfFr jif{sf] kbfjlw ga9fO{ k|To]s kfFrf} jif{sf] cfiff9 d. &&= gu/ kl/ifb\ kl/ifbsf] \s f] .b:o kbsf] lgjf{rg jf gu/ kl/ifb\sf] . dlxnf j8f .b:osf] kbfjlw u0fgf ubf{ lgwf{l/t .b:osf] kbfjlw kfFr jif{sf] x'g]5 .-s_ Pshgf j8fWoIf.b:o. blnt tyf cflbjf. kl/R5]b – @ gu/ kl/ifb\ kl/ifb \ .b:osf] kbfjlw .b:osf] kbfjlwM kbfjlw -!_ gu/ kl/ifb\sf] .s]sf ju{sf bkmf &* adf]lhd gu/ kl/ifb\sf] .]jL. -#_ pkbkmf -!_ / -@_ df h'g. t/ To./x dfgL kbfjlwsf] u0fgf ul/g]5 .b:ox¿. -@_ gu/ kl/ifb\sf .fdflhs b[li6sf]0fn] lk5l8Psf hflt. k|ltzt JolQmx¿ dlxnf x'g'kg]{5 .dfKt x'g' cufj} gu/ kl/ifb\sf] gofF . bkmfadf]lhd gu/ kl/ifb\sf] .b:osf] kbfjlw .b:osf] nflu rlfxg] of]Uotf k'u]sf JolQmx¿dWo]af6 gu/ kl/ifb\4f/f dgf]gLt sDtLdf ^ hgf / a9Ldf aL.fGtdf kbfjlw .lxt .dodf s'g} gu/kflnsf jf j8f . hgf JolQmx¿ .dfKt ePsf] dflgg]5 . cfly{s tyf .b:ox¿ .b:ox¿nfO{ g} sfo{ .dodf lgjf{lrt jf dgf]gLt eP.fljssf] .

c.ldltsf] . .Fu 7]Ssf k6[f jf rn. -ª_ . -v_ PSsfO{.b:odf dgf]gLt ePdf.Dd gu/ kl/ifb\sf] a}7sdf cg'kl:yt /x]df.ef jf /fli6«o .efsf] .DklQ ."rgf glbO{ nuftf/ tLg k6s.efklt. -@_ Ps jif{eGbf sd cjlwsf] nflu pk–lgjf{rg jf dgf]gog ul/g] 5}g .b:osf] lgjf{rgdf pDd]bjf/ ePdf jf /fli6«o .b:odf dgf]gLt ePdf.efsf] . &(= gu/ kl/ifb\ kl/ifbsf] \s f] .b:osf] nflu rflxg] of]U otfM kl/ifb sf] otf gu/ kl/ifb\sf] .DalGwt gu/ If]qaf6 lemlsPdf jf cGo s'g} ufpF ljsf.fj{hlgs .j dflkmssf] .b:osf] kbdf lgjf{lrt ePdf jf lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] .b:otf sfod /xg] 5}gM– -s_ bkmf &* adf]lhdsf] o]fUotf gePdf. crn .hfo kfPsf] eP To:tf] . -3_ gu/kflnsf."nL ePsf] k|df0f k]z u/]df of] v08 nfu" x'g] 5}g .s]sf].b:otf sfod g/xg]M b]xfosf] cj:yfdf gu/ kl/ifb\sf] .f] l/Qm kbsf] k"lt{ lgjf{lrt . &*= gu/ kl/ifb\ \s f] .b:otf . jif{ pd]/ k"/f ePsf] / k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd dtbftf x'g of]Uotf k'u]sf]. -r_ g}lts ktg b]lvg] kmf}hbf/L cleof]udf .DaGwL Jojxf/df s'g} lghL :jfy{ gePsf].b:o kbsf] nflu dgf]gogåf/f ul/g]5 .DklQ lxgfldgf u/]sf] g7x/]sf]. -v_ cfkm" a.b:osf] kb s'g} sf/0fjz l/Qm x'g cfPdf afFsL cjlwsf] nflu dfq . -5_ s'g} sfg"gn] cof]Uo gePsf] . If]q jf gu/kflnsfdf uflePdf . ul/cfPsf] j8f jf . 34 . pk .b:o x'gsf] nflu b]xfoadf]lhdsf] of]Uotf k'u]sf] x'g'kg]{5M– -s_ g]kfnL gful/s ePsf].Sg' kg]{5 .a} lhG.hfo e'Qmfg u/]sf] tLg jif{ JotLt ePsf].efklt jf . t/.L jf gubL a'emfO{ .f]af. -3_ k|ltlglw . -ª_ dgfl.-%_ s'g} gu/ kl/ifb\ . -u_ lhNnf ljsf.f]sf] efu . t/– -!_ kb l/Qm ePsf] ldltn] Ps jif{leq pk–lgjf{rg jf dgf]gog ul/. -u_ gu/kflnsfnfO{ a'emfpg' kg]{ .b:o kbsf] nflu k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd pk–lgjf{rgåf/f / dgf]gLt .

*@= . -#_ gu/kflnsfn] JolQm.+:yf x'g]5 .f]xL gfdaf6 gfln.lxt gu/kflnsfåf/f dgf]gLt b'O{ hgf .b:onfO{ .+u l7t .+: yf x'g ]M -!_ k|To]s gu/kflnsf Ps cljlR5Gg pQ/flwsf/jfnf :jzfl.t / . pkef]u ug{ / a]rlavg ug{ . -@_ gu/kflnsfdf b]xfoadf]lhdsf k|d'v./x cfkm\gf] gfdaf6 gfln./x rn–crn .f] pk/ klg .b:ox¿ dWo]af6 Pshgf dlxnf.b:ox¿ .DaGwL Joj:yf *)= gu/kflnsfsf] u7gM u7g -!_ bkmf &@ adf]lhd tf]lsPsf] gu/ If]qdf gu/ kl/ifb\sf] sfo{sfl/0fLsf] ¿kdf Ps gu/kflnsf u7g ul/g]5 .Sg]5 . *!= gu/kflnsf gu/kflnsf :jzfl.kmfO{ k]z ug]{ dgfl.hfo x'g] kmf}hbf/L cleof]udf . -r_ bkmf && adf]lhdsf] kbfjlw .j df}sf glbO{ lghsf] .t/ To:tf] .b:osf] kbfjlwM kbfjlw -!_ gu/kflnsfsf] . ph"/ nfUg .DklQ k|fKt ug{.b:otf sfod g/x]sf] ."rgf lbOg] 5}g .b:ox¿ /xg]5g\M– -s_ gu/ If]qleqsf k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd dtbftf x'g of]Uotf k'u]sf g]kfnL gful/sx¿n] lgjf{rg u/L k7fPsf Pshgf k|d'v / Ps hgf pk–k|d'v.t / . -u_ bkmf &^ sf] pkbkmf -@_ sf] v08 -u_ adf]lhdsf gu/ kl/ifb\sf .dfKt ePdf. -em_ d[To' ePdf . -h_ /flhgfdf lbPdf.Sg]5 . pk–k|d'v / . -5_ k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd e|i6frf/sf] cleof]u jf g}lts ktg b]lvg] kmf}hbf/L cleof]u jf tLg jif{eGbf a9L s}b . ph"/ ug{ / . -v_ gu/ If]qsf] k|To]s j8fsf k|rlnt sfg"g adf]lhd dtbftf x'g of]Uotf k'u]sf g]kfnL gful/sx¿n] cf–cfkm\gf] j8faf6 Ps–Ps hgfsf b/n] lgjf{rg u/L k7fPsf j8fWoIfx¿ . 35 .hfo kfPdf.+ul7t . kl/R5]b – # gu/kflnsf . -$_ gu/kflnsfn] JolQm. -@_ gu/kflnsfsf] cfkm\gf] Pp6f 5'6[} 5fk x'g]5 .b:osf] kbfjlw kfFr jif{sf] x'g]5 .

/x dfgL kbfjlwsf] u0fgf ul/g]5 .fnsf] >fj0f ! ut]b]lv u0fgf ul/g]5 / kfFr jif{sf] kbfjlw ga9fO{ k|To]s kfFrf} jif{sf] cfiff9 d.dIf /flhgfdf lbO{ kbTofu ug{ .f] l/Qm kbsf] k"lt{ lgjf{lrt .dIf / k|d'vsf] cg'kl:yltdf pk–k|d'v.b:ox¿n] k|d'v. 36 .sL c? .-@_ gu/kflnsfsf] .dIf zky u|x0f ug'{ kg]{5 . -$_ s'g} sf/0fjz lgwf{l/t . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ df pNn]v ePb]lv afx]s gu/ kl/ifb\sf cGo .b:onfO{ g} sfo{ .b:osf] kbfjlw .Sg]M -!_ k|d'vn] pk–k|d'v dfkm{t gu/kflnsf.fljssf] .DkGg ePdf .b:osf] kbfjlw u0fgf ubf{ kbfjlw z'? x'g] .dodf lgjf{lrt jf dgf]gLt eP.b:ox¿n] pk–k|d'v.dIf /flhgfdf lbO{ kbTofu ug{ .dIf / pk–k|d'v tyf . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ df pNn]v ePb]lv afx]ssf gu/ kl/ifb\sf cGo .Sg' kg]{5 .fGtdf kbfjlw .b:o kbsf] lgjf{rg jf dgf]gog .b:ox¿n] k|d'v.b:o kbsf] nflu dgf]gogåf/f ul/g]5 .b:o kbsf] nflu k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd pk–lgjf{rgåf/f / dgf]gLt .b:osf] nflu lgjf{rg .dIf zky u|x0f ug'{ kg]{5 .b:osf] kbfjlw u0fgf ubf{ lgwf{l/t .DkGg eP klg lgjf{lrt / dgf]gLt .b:osf] kbfjlw .dIf / .+rfng ug]{ clwsf/ x'g]5 .dodf . *%= . jif{ pd]/ k"/f ePsf] / k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd dtbftf x'g of]Uotf k'u]sf].DkGg x'g g.dfKt ePsf] dflgg]5 . *#= zky u|x0f ug'{kg]{M -!_ k|d'vn] lhNnf GofofwLz.dodf s'g} gu/kflnsfsf] .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg o.b:ox¿n] k|d'v.b:odf lgjf{lrt jf dgf]gLt x'g b]xfoadf]lhdsf] of]Uotf x'g' kg]{5M– -s_ g]kfnL gful/s ePsf].b:ox¿n] kb u|x0f ug]{ 5}gg\ .Sg]5g\ .b:ox¿n] k|d'v. pk–k|d'v / .dfKt x'g'–cufj} gofF .b:osf] nflu rflxg] of]U otfM otf gu/kflnsfsf] . -#_ pkbkmf -!_ jf -@_ adf]lhd zky u|x0f gu/L gu/ kl/ifb\ tyf gu/kflnsfsf . -%_ s'g} gu/kflnsf . t/– -!_ kb l/Qm ePsf] ldltn] Ps jif{leq pk–lgjf{rg jf dgf]gog ul/.dIf / k|d'vsf] cg'kl:yltdf pk–k|d'vn] lhNnf GofofwLz. -v_ PSsfO{. -#_ pkbkmf -!_ / -@_ df h'g. *$= kb Tofu ug{ .Sg]5g\ .b:osf] kb s'g} sf/0fjz l/Qm x'g cfPdf afFsL cjlwsf] nflu dfq .dfKt ePsf] dflgg]5 / gjlgjf{lrt .dIf. -@_ Ps jif{eGbf sd cjlwsf] nflu pk–lgjf{rg jf dgf]gog ul/g] 5}g . bkmfadf]lhd .

-3_ gu/kflnsf.dfKt ePdf.ef jf /fli6«o .b:osf] gfddf /x]sf] rn crn .hfo kfPdf.hfo kfPsf] eP To:tf] .b:onfO{ .DklQ ljj/0f . -5_ bkmf *@ adf]lhdsf] kbfjlw .fj{hlgs ug'{kg]{5 . *&= .b:odf dgf]gLt ePdf.b:osf] kbdf lgjf{lrt ePdf jf lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] . -em_ d[To' ePdf . . If]q jf gu/ If]qdf uflePdf. c.f] sf] efu .DalGwt gu/ If]qaf6 lemlsPdf jf cGo s'g} ufpF ljsf.b:on] bkmf *# adf]lhd zky u|x0f u/]sf] ldltn] tL.a dflkmssf] .hfo e'Qmfg u/]sf] tLg jif{ JotLt ePsf] .s]sf]. lbgleq cfkm" / cfkm\gf] Psf3/ .efklt jf .a} lhG. -u_ lhNnf ljsf.efsf] .L jf gubL a'emfO . t/.b:otf sfod g/xg]M b]xfosf] cj:yfdf gu/kflnsfsf] .efklt.DklQ lxgfldgf u/]sf] g7x/]sf].fj{hlgs ug'{ kg]{5 .fj{hlgs ug'{kg]{M .DklQ . *^= .uf]nsf kl/jf/sf] . pk . ul/cfPsf] j8f jf ."nL ePsf] k|df0f k]z u/]df of] v08 nfu" x'g] 5}g .Fu 7]Ssf k6[f jf rn crn . -ª_ .b:otf sfod g/x]sf] . lbgleq To:tf] . -r_ g}lts ktg b]lvg] kmf}hbf/L cleof]udf .-u_ gu/kflnsfnfO{ a'emfpg' kg]{ .DklQsf] ljj/0f .kmfO k]z ug]{ dgfl.fj{hlgs . t/ k|d'v / pkk|d'vn] cfkm" kbaf6 x6]kl5 klg kbaf6 x6]sf] ldltn] tL.efsf] .hfo x'g] kmf}hbf/L cleof]udf .f]af.b:otf sfod /xg] 5}gM– -s_ bkmf *% adf]lhdsf] of]Uotf gePdf. -r_ k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd e|i6frf/sf] cleof]u jf g}lts ktg b]lvg] kmf}hbf/L cleof]u jf tLg jif{eGbf a9L s}b ."rgf glbO{ nuftf/ tLg k6s. -5_ cGo k|rlnt sfg"gn] cof]Uo gePsf] .DaGwL Jojxf/df s'g} lghL :jfy{ gePsf]. -ª_ dgfl. -3_ k|ltlglw .j df}sf glbO{ lghsf] . t/ To:tf] . -h_ cfkm\gf] kbaf6 /fhLgfdf lbPdf.ldltsf] .b:odf dgf]gLt ePdf. -v_ cfkm" a.b:osf] lgjf{rgdf pDd]bjf/ ePdf jf /fli6«o . 37 ."rgf lbOg] 5}g .DklQsf] ljj/0f .Dd gu/kflnsfsf] a}7sdf cg'kl:yt ePdf.

+Vof / Go"gtd krf.]jf.'ljwf x'g kg]{5M– -s_ dxfgu/kflnsfM dxfgu/kflnsf slDtdf tLg nfv hg.'ljwf geP tfklg sDtLdf bz xhf/ hg.f+:s[lts gu/ .fdfGo Joj:yf ePsf]. pRr:t/Lo lzIff tyf :jf:Yo .'ljwf ePsf] / pk–dxfgu/ kflnsf e}.8sx¿.+rf/sf] .**= gu/kflnsfsf] juL{s /0fM /0f -!_ bkmf *) adf]lhd ul7t gu/kflnsfx¿nfO{ g]kfn .'ljwf ePsf].+Vof tyf zx/L .8s.d]t kSsL e}. Joj:yfn] c. vfg]kfgL./x¿ ePsf] / slDtdf Pp6f ljZjljBfno :yfkgf x'g'sf] .s]sf]./sf/n] hg.+Vof / Go"gtd kfFr nfv ?k}ofF jflif{s cfo>f]t eP k'Ug] 5 .|f]t eO{ ljB't. vfg]kfgL. .8s .DaGwL ljlzi7 k|s[ltsf] . gu/sf k|d'v .fy} gu/kflnsf e} .fy} zfvf .'ljwf ePsf]. t/ kxf8L / lxdfnL If]qdf .s k'/ftflTjs j:t' / snf .fj{hlgs pBfgx¿ / gu/ .+Vof ePsf] / Go"gtd rfnL. 38 .'ljwf ePsf] cw{ zx/L If]q .Sg]5M– -s_ dxfgu/kflnsf. cfo>f]t / cGo zx/L . . :jf:Yo .+Vof.]jfsf] . gu/sf] k|d'v . .s]sf] . -v_ pk–dxfgu/kflnsf. -v_ pk– pk–dxfgu/kflnsfM dxfgu/kflnsf slDtdf Ps nfv hg. -u_ gu/kflnsfM gu/kflnsf sDtLdf aL.+/If0f ug{ g]kfn .'ljwfsf] cfwf/df b]xfoadf]lhd juL{s/0f ug{ .8sx¿ .]jf pknAw ePsf].d]t kSsL ePsf].Sg]5 . -#_ pkbkmf -!_ / -@_ df h'g.efu[xsf] Joj:yf ePsf] / cGo To:t} cfjZos zx/L . nfv ?k}ofF jflif{s cfo >f]t tyf ljB't. vfg]kfgL. -u_ gu/kflnsf .+:s[lt . cl3 sfod eO./ kfg]{ 5}g . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd juL{s[t b]xfosf gu/kflnsfdf b]xfoadf]lhdsf] hg.+rf/sf] . /fli6«o tyf cGt/f{li6«o :t/sf] v]ns'b sfo{qmdsf nflu . . pRr lzIffsf nflu ljleGg ljifox¿df kof{Kt cj.'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg o./sf/n] tf]lsPsf] cfwf/df .8s .s]sf gu/kflnsfx¿nfO{ o. .'ljwf ePsf].s]sf] .'ljwf x'g'sf] .|f]t eO{ ljB't.d]t 3f]if0ff ug{ . -$_ s'g} gu/sf] P]ltxfl. xhf/ hg.+rf/ / cGo To:t} Go"gtd zx/L . cGt/f{li6«o v]ns''b sfo{qmdsf nflu cfjZos k"jf{wf/ ePsf].fy} cGo o:t} kof{Kt zx/L . s/f]8 ?k}ofF jflif{s cfo.+Vof ePsf] / Go"gtd bz s/f]8 ?k}ofF jflif{s cfo.

. 39 . -#_ k|To]s jif{ gu/ kl/ifb\sf] a}7s .b:on] j8f .lrjn] gu/ kl/ifb\sf .f] a}7ssf] cWoIftf ug]{5 .b:osf] ax'dtn] a}7ssf] lg0f{o x'g .ldlt cfkm}n] lgwf{/0f u/]adf]lhd x'g]5 .ldltsf] a}7s af]nfpg]5 .+Vof k'u]sf] dflgg]5 .lrjsf] sfd ug]{5 .ldltsf .kl/R5]b – $ a}7s / sfo{ k|0 ffnL *(= j8f .+Vof klg k"/f x'g g.fwf/0ftof jif{sf] b'O{k6s a:g]5 ."rgf tyf ljifo ."rgf lbO{ csf]{ a}7s af]nfpg' kg]{5 .do / :yfg tf]sL j8f . -&_ gu/kl/ifb\sf] a}7sdf tTsfn sfod /x]sf] . -*_ u0fk"/s .f] a}7sdf hlt.+Vofsf] %) k|ltzt .'s} .Sg]5 .ft lbgsf] .+rfng x'g]5 .+Vofsf] cefjdf gu/ kl/ifb\sf] a}7s a:g g.b:ox¿n] cfkm"dWo]af6 5fg]sf] .do / :yfgsf] .fdfGotof >fj0f d.fan] h]i7 . -@_ gu/ kl/ifb\sf] a}7s gu/kflnsfsf] k|d'vn] af]nfpg]5 .b:ox? pkl:yt ePdf a}7ssf] nflu u0fk"/s .f] sf] ef]lnkN6 k'gM csf]{ a}7s af]nfpg' kg]{5 .b:on] gu/kl/ifb\\sf] a}7ssf] cWoIftf ug]{5 .f] a}7ssf] u0fk"/s .lrjn] gu/ kl/ifb\sf] .b:ox¿n] gu/kflnsfsf .b:o pkl:yt eP klg a}7s .fGt / kf}if d. -%_ gu/kflnsfsf] .b:ox¿ afx]s kl/ifb\\sf cGo .fGtleq af]nfpg' kg]{5 ."rL a}7s a:g] lbg eGbf sDtLdf kGw| lbg cufj} gu/kflnsfsf] k|d'vsf] lgb]{zgdf .s]df . -#_ j8f . -$_ gu/ kl/ifb\\sf] k|To]s a}7sdf pkl:yt .ldltsf] a}7sM s -!_ j8f .ldltsf] a}7s sDtLdf dlxgfsf] Ps k6s a:g]5 . .ldltsf] a}7ssf] cWoIftf ug]{5 . -^_ gu/ kl/ifb\sf] a}7s a:g] ldlt.+Vof Ps ltxfO{ x'g]5 . -$_ cWoIftf ug]{ JolQm.ldltsf] a}7s. . ()= gu/ kl/ifb\ \s f] a}7sM kl/ifb sf] s -!_ gu/ kl/ifb\sf] a}7s . -%_ j8f .f] u0fk"/s . -@_ j8fWoIfn] ldlt.b:ox¿nfO{ k7fpg' kg]{5 .a} .lxt tLghgf . t/ gu/ kl/ifb\\sf] a}7sdf cWoIfsf] 5gf}6 x'g'eGbf cl3 gu/ kl/ifb\sf pkl:yt .b:ox¿n] cfkm" dWo]af6 5fg]sf] .b:o.DaGwL cGo s'/f j8f .ldltsf] a}7ssf] cWoIftf j8fWoIfn] ug]{5 / lghsf] cg'kl:yltdf a}7sdf pkl:yt j8f .b:on] .s]df . .b:ox¿ dWo] pd]/sf] lx.

40 . lbgleq gu/ kl/ifb\sf] ljz]if a}7s af]nfpg' kg]{5 . -^_ gu/kflnsfsf] a}7ssf] lg0f{o .b:onfO{ gu/kflnsfsf] a}7sdf efu lngsf] nflu cfdGq0f ug'{kg]{5 .dIf lnlvt cg'/f]w u/]df To. 3/. .lrjn] gu/kflnsfsf] a}7s af]nfpg]5 . -!!_ gu/ kl/ifb\sf] a}7s . -@_ gu/ kl/ifb\ / gu/kflnsfsf] a}7sdf dt a/fa/ ePdf a}7ssf] cWoIftf ug]{ JolQmn] lg0ff{os dt lbg]5 .lrjn] gu/kflnsfsf] a}7s af]nfpg]5 .+Vof k'u]sf] dflgg]5 ./L cg'/f]w u/]sf] ldltn] tL. -&_ gu/kflnsfsf] a}7s.+Vofsf] krf.b:ox¿sf] lnlvt cg'/f]wdf . db/.ldltsf] sfd st{Jo / clwsf/M clwsf/ gu/kflnsf cGtu{tsf] k|To]s j8f . tnfp.ldltsf] .Dd klg k|d'vn] a}7s af]nfpg] cfb]z glbPdf Ps ltxfO{ . (@= a}7ssf] lg0f{oM -!_ o.b:ox¿sf] ax'dtsf] cfwf/df ul/g]5 . P]gdf cGoyf Joj:yf ePsf]df afx]s gu/ kl/ifb\ / gu/kflnsfsf] a}7ssf] lg0f{o pkl:yt . t/ tLg dxLgf.Dk"0f{ . -#_ gu/kflnsfsf] a}7ssf] cWoIftf k|d'vn] ug]{5 / lghsf] cg'kl:yltdf pk–k|d'vn] / pk–k|d'v klg cg'kl:yt ePdf a}7sdf pkl:yt . (#= j8f .b:ox¿n] s'g} vf. s'jf.f/ .lrjn] k|dfl0ft ug]{5 .xof]u ug]{ .lrjn] k|dfl0ft ug]{5 .DjGwdf lg0f{o ubf{ .f. d7.b:on] a}7ssf] cWoIftf ug]{5 . u'Djf. b]j:yn. dl:hb.b:ox¿ pkl:yt ePdf a}7ssf] nflu u0fk"/s . -!)_ gu/ kl/ifb\sf] a}7sdf lg0f{o . 9'Fu]wf/f cflbsf] nut /fVg tyf .+Vofsf] ax'dtsf] cfjZostf x'g]5 . (!= gu/kflnsfsf] a}7sM s -!_ gu/kflnsfsf] a}7s sDtLdf dxLgfsf] Ps k6s a:g]5 . kf}jf.DaGwL cGo sfo{ljlw tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .-(_ gu/ kl/ifb\sf Ps ltxfO{ . t/ bkmf ($ sf] pkbkmf -!_ sf] v08 -v_ / -u_ adf]lhdsf] k|:tfj .ldltsf] . -@_ k|d'vsf] cfb]z cg'. Ogf/.+Vof. -%_ lhNnf ljsf. -$_ gu/kflnsfsf] a}7sdf tTsfn sfod /x]sf] .DaGwL cGo sfo{ljlw tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 . ljifodf 5nkmn ug{ a}7s af]nfO{ kfpF egL k|d'v. k|ltzt . hUuf. dlGb/.b:o .b:ox¿n] cfkm" dWo]af6 5fg]sf] .+/If0f ug{ gu/kflnsfnfO{ . klt{ hUuf. wd{zfnf. kf]v/L.DalGwt Onfsf . wf/f.ldltsf] sfd. st{Jo / clwsf/ b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5M– -s_ j8fleqsf] hg. kf6L.b:o .

-5_ j8fdf ljBfno tyf k':tsfnosf] :yfkgf / . gf6s tyf .s. s'nf].dfgx¿ ljt/0f ug]{ / efiff . eL/. -6_ j8fleq . wf/f. 9'Fu]wf/f. -t_ j8fjf. k'n.xof]u ug]{ . JolQmsf] d[To' ePdf lghsf] bfx . k}gL cflbsf] x]/larf/ ug]{ .+/If0f ug{ .kmf /fVg] tyf . -0f_ j8fsf afnaflnsfx¿nfO{ la=l. :jf:Yorf}sL cflbsf] Joj:yfkgdf . . -w_ j8fleqsf k|frLg :df/sx¿sf] .'ky d"Nodf vfBfGg tyf cGo cfjZos j:t'sf] laqmLsf] nflu gu/kflnsfnfO{ .xof]u k'¥ofpg] . -ª_ j8fleqsf] klt{ hUuf / 8fF8f.-v_ j8fleqsf] af6f]./.?jf /f]usf] /f]syfdsf] Joj:yf ug]{ . kfvf cflbdf j[Iff/f]k0f ug{ / jftfj/0f . kf]v/L.8sdf ljh'nL aQLsf] k|aGw ug]{ . dlGb/.8s.ldltsf] cfo / Joosf] lx. -y_ gu/jf.+:sf/sf] Joj:yf ldnfpg] .sf] nflu snf. tnfp.xof]u ug]{ . Ogf/.+rfngdf .xof]u k'¥ofpg] . -9_ j8fdf s'g} c.+/If0f ug{ .+/If0f ug{ .Lx¿nfO{ clek|]l/t ug]{ k|aGw ug]{ .xfo JolQmnfO{ glhssf] c:ktfn jf :jf:Yo s]Gb|df k'¥ofO{ cf}ifwf]krf/ u/fpg] .Qm la/fdL ePsf] a]jfl/. kf]lnof]sf] Joj:yf ug]{ tyf . -3_ j8fleqsf] gx/. d7.DalGwt lgsfodf a'emfpg] . -u_ j8fleqsf] kmf]x/ d}nf / . u'Daf cflb .Lx¿nfO{ JolQmut 36gf btf{ ug{ pTk|]l/t ug]{ . . k'/ftflTjs.xfo jf j]jfl/. -8_ j8fdf c.+/If0fdf .d]tnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbg gu/kflnsfnfO{ .xof]u ug]{ .kmf . 41 . -g_ j8fleqsf P]ltxfl.Lx¿sf] r]tgf:t/ psf:g ljleGg lqmofsnfk ug{ .f+:s[lts sfo{qmdx¿sf] cfof]hgf ug{ .8]un]sf j:t'x¿ kmF\ofSg] tyf rf]s / uNnL .f+:s[lts tyf wfld{s dxTjsf dlGb/x¿sf] .sf] nflu v]ns'bsf .xof]u ug]{ .f+:s[lts gfrufg tyf ehg .=lh=. jf c. -k_ df}lnstf emlNsg] . s'jf.xof]u k'¥ofpg] .xof]u ug]{ .+:s[ltsf] ljsf. 9n. -7_ v]ns'b ljsf.xof]u k'¥ofpg] . -em_ j8fleqsf] uNnL tyf .kmfOsf] lgldQ j8faf. -r_ j8fdf :jf:Yo s]Gb|. -b_ ktL{ hUuf . -h_ 5f8f eO{ lx+8]sf rf}kfofx¿ kqmfp u/L . -`_ j8f .'U3/ /fVg] .'/lIft /fVg] .fa tyf cGo sfuhftx¿ . axfn.xof]u ug]{ .

f/ :jLs[lt lbg] .+rflnt ljsf. -em_ tf]lsPsf] cGo sfd ug]{ . kfl/>lds. -5_ gu/ If]qleq . st{Jo / clwsf/ tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .lgs sfo{x¿sf] d"Nof+Íg u/L gu/kflnsfnfO{ cfjZos lgb]{zg lbg] . -ª_ gu/kflnsfn] cfk\mgf] cfGtl/s >f]taf6 Joxf]l/g] u/L k|:tfj u/]sf] sd{rf/Lsf] b/jGbL. c.b:ox¿ /x]sf] Ps n]vf–. z'Ns cflb nufpg] tyf p7fpg] . -v_ gu/kflnsfn] k|:tfj u/]sf s/.Sg]5 . -@_ gu/ kl/ifb\n] gu/ kl/ifb\sf] s'g} Ps .DjGwL k|:tfj kfl/t ug]{ . -h_ gu/kflnsfsf] ljlgod :jLs[t ug]{ .+/If0f / lhljsf]kfh{g .DjGwL sfo{df .b:osf] cWoIftfdf lgh. ($= gu/ kl/ifb\ \s f] sfd. 42 .ldltsf] sfd. -u_ gu/kflnsfn] k|:tfj u/]sf] C0f lng] jf crn . o:tf] .DaGwL k|:tfj kfl/t ug]{ . -r_ gu/kflnsfsf] k|zf. lgdf{0f sfo{x¿sf] d"Nof+Íg u/L cfjZos lgb]{zg lbg] .lxt a9Ldf kfFr hgf .b:ox¿nfO{ tf]lsPadf]lhdsf ljifout . -3_ gu/kflnsfsf] n]vfk/LIf0f k|ltj]bgaf6 sfod ePsf a]?h'dfly 5nkmn u/L k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd lgoldt ug{ gldNg] a]?h'sf] xsdf a]?h' km5\of}{6sf] nflu cfjZos sf/jfxL ug{ gu/kflnsfnfO{ lgb]{zg lbg] . b:t'/.'emfj lbgsf] nflu pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhdsf] n]vf .b:ox¿ afx]s gu/ kl/ifb\sf cGo .ldltdf /xg] .xof]u k'¥ofpg] .'ljwfdf cfjZostfcg'. JolQmx¿sf] .-km_ j8fleqsf lk5l8Psf hghflt. of]hgf tyf sfo{qmdx¿ kfl/t ug]{ .xfo. -$_ gu/ kl/ifb\sf] cGo sfd. ckf+u tyf j]jfl/.DalGwt gu/kflnsfn] lbPsf] lgb]{zg tyf cfb]zadf]lhdsf] cGo sfd ug]{ .ldltx¿ u7g ug{ . st{Jo / clwsf/ b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5M– -s_ gu/kflnsfn] k]z u/]sf] ah]6. st{Ao / clwsf/ tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .ldltx¿df /xg] u/L gu/ kl/ifb\n] ljleGg . -a_ . st{Jo / clwsf/M kl/ifb sf] clwsf/ -!_ gu/ kl/ifb\sf] sfd. -#_ gu/ kl/ifb\nfO{ ljleGg ljifodf cfjZos .Nnfx / . eQf tyf cGo .ldltsf] u7g ug]{5.DklQ a]rlavg jf x:tfGt/0f ug]{ .

+ef/ ug]{. tnfp. 43 . k|fljlws 1fg . of]hgf / sfo{qmdx¿ tof/ u/L gu/ kl/ifb\df k]z ug]{ . -u_ hn>f]t .DaGwL .Ddsf] Ps .ldlt . Ogf/. -#_ :jLs[t ah]6sf] kl/lwleq /xL gu/kflnsfsf] lg0f{o sfof{Gjog ug{ /sd vr{ ug]{ . pBfg / dgf]/Ghg :ynx¿sf] ljsf. u/fpg] .kmfO . s'jf. -#_ gu/kflnsf If]qdf vfg]kfgL / 9n lgsf. . u/fpg] .ldlt u7g ug{ .+rfng / dd{t .Sg]M -!_ gu/kflnsfn] cfjZos 7fg]df cfk\mgf] sfddf . of]hgf agfO{ sfof{Gjog ug]{. -&_ . st{Jo / clwsf/M clwsf/ -!_ gu/ kl/ifb\\sf] lg0f{o / lgb]{zgx¿ sfof{Gjog ug{'. -v_ ef}l ts ljsf. 9'Fu]wf/f cflbsf] . ejg cflbsf] gS. s[lif. -%_ gu/kflnsf If]qsf ljleGg 7fpFx¿df . -$_ gu/ kl/ifb\n] :jLs[t u/]sf] s/.Lo.DaGwLM -!_ gu/kflnsf If]qdf /x]sf vf]nfgfnf.f agfO{ cf}Bf]lus. dgf]/Ghg :yn cflb If]q tf]Sg] / sfof{Gjog ug]{.DaGwL -!_ gu/kflnsf If]qsf] e"–pkof]u gS. ug]{.ldlt u7g ug{ . . jftfj/0f / .+/If0f u/L . z'Ns cflb p7fpg] . u/fpg] . -^_ gu/kflnsf If]qdf lgdf{0f ul/g] 3/. -$_ gu/kflnsf If]qleqsf ljleGg 7fpFx¿df xl/of] If]q. -@_ cfo / Joosf] n]vf / tT. kf]v/L.DaGwL cGo s'/f tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 . (^= gu/kflnsfsf] sfd.xof]u k'¥ofpg .Lk ePsf tLgb]lv gf} hgf. -@_ gu/kflnsf If]qdf cfjf.DaGwL -!_ gu/kflnsfsf] jflif{s ah]6.dfh.DaGwLM . u/fpg] .DaGwLM .Sg]5 .Nnfxsf/ .DaGwL cGo sfuhftx¿ cBfjlws ¿kdf /fVg] . u/fpg] . ug]{.Nnfxsf/ .f}rfnosf] Joj:yf ug]{. cfjf. -@_ .DaGwL of]hgf sfof{Gjog ug]{ tyf To.fj{hlgs . u/fpg'sf] cltl/Qm gu/kflnsfn] gu/kflnsf If]qdf clgjfo{ ¿kdf ug'{ kg]{ sfd / st{Jo b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5M– -s_ cy{ . b:t'/.fd'bflos ejg tyf lj>fd u[x agfpg] . a'l4hLjL.Nnfxsf/ .f kf.sf] . u/fpg] .(%= ./.b'kof]u ug]{.]jL. u/fpg] .

-&_ v]ns"b ljsf. u/fpg] . .DaGwL sfdsf] . u/fpg] . u/fpg] . u/fpg] . -*_ gu/kflnsf :t/Lo v]ns"b ljsf. jg:klt tyf cGo k|fs[lts .DaGwLM .xof]u k'¥ofpg] / To:tf ljBfnox¿sf] :yfkgf / vf/]hLsf] l. ug]{.ldlt u7g u/L v]ns"bsf] ljsf. sfo{qmdx¿ agfO{ sfof{Gjog ug]{.DaGwL sfo{qmd tof/ u/L sfof{Gjog ug]{./. -ª_ .+rfng / Joj:yfkg ug]{ tyf :yfkgf ug{ cg'dlt lbg] . -3_ lzIff tyf v]ns"b ljsf.DaGwL 44 .+rfng / Joj:yfkgdf .xof]u ug]{. -#_ gu/kflnsf If]qdf . -#_ gu/kflnsf If]qleq dft[efiffdf k|fylds txsf] lzIff pknAw u/fpg .kmfO{sf] sfo{qmd . u/fpg] .-@_ gu/kflnsf If]qdf l. u/fpg] . u/fpg] . . -^_ gu/kflnsf If]qdf . . 9'jfgL tyf tx nufpg] . -@_ gu/kflnsf If]qleq .+/If0f ug]{. u/fpg] . -%_ gu/kflnsf If]qleqsf jg.+sng.Dkbfsf] .|f]taf6 gu/kflnsf If]qdf k"j{–k|fylds ljBfnox¿ :yfkgf. -^_ gu/kflnsf If]qdf k':tsfno tyf jfrgfnosf] :yfkgf. u/fpg] .+rfng ePsf ljBfnox¿sf] . -&_ kmf]x/ d}nf .sf] of]hgf agfO{ sfof{Gjog ug]{. s6fg.DaGwLM . u/fpg] .+rfng / Joj:yfkg ug]{. -%_ gu/kflnsf :t/Lo k|f}9 lzIff tyf cgf}krfl/s lzIff .+: s[l t .+/If0f ug]{ sfo{df . -$_ gu/kflnsf If]qdf x'g] hn. -*_ gu/kflnsf If]qdf ljB't pTkfbg tyf ljt/0f ug]{. .+rfng ug]{.+efljt gbL.+rfO{ of]hgf nfu" ug'{ kg]{ ePdf To. af9L tyf e"–Ifo cflbsf] lgoGq0f / /f]syfd ug]{. u/fpg] . -$_ cfly{s b[li6n] cToGt lk5l8Psf pTkLl8t hghfltx¿sf 5fq–5fqfx¿nfO{ 5fqj[lQ lbg] Joj:yf ldnfpg] .+rfng tyf Joj:yfkg ug]{. jfo' tyf WjgL k|b"if0f lgoGq0f u/L jftfj/0f .kmfl/z ug]{ .xof]u ug]{ .DaGwL -!_ cfkm\gf] .

lj:tfl/t vf]k.DaGwL -!_ gu/:t/Lo c:ktfn.+:sf/sf] Joj:yf ug]{. kf]if0f.Da4{g ug]{. u/fpg] .DaGwL 45 .kfs{.DaGwL -!_ gu/kflnsf If]qleq g]kfn .+ef/ u/L .DaGwLM . u/fpg] . -h_ . -@_ gu/kflnsf If]qleqsf k'/ftflTjs j:t'. wd{.f.8safx]s cfjZos kg]{ sRrL.+:s[ltsf] .+Vof lzIff / hg:jf:Yo . d[ts JolQmsf] bfx . kSsL . -@_ gu/kflnsf If]qleq a. .+ef/ ug]{. l/S. 6fFuf. u/fpg] . -#_ kl/jf/ lgof]hg.DaGwL sfo{qmdx¿sf] th'{df / sfof{Gjog ug]{.DaGwL -!_ a]jfl/.xfo tyf cgfyx¿sf] nflu cgfynosf] Joj:yf ug]{.8s.f+:s[lts tyf wfld{s dxTjsf :yfgx¿sf] nut tof/ u/L ltgLx¿sf] dd{t .dfh sNof0f . u/fpg] . u/fpg] . -@_ dlxnf tyf afnaflnsfsf] lxt / sNof0f.+rfng ug]{ tyf cg}lts k]zf Jofkf/ lgoGq0f. snf / . c. 6«s cflbsf] kfls{Ë Joj:yf ug]{. efiff. u/fpg] ./sf/sf] lhDdfdf /x]sf] . 6fFuf cflbsf] clwstd xb\ tf]Sg] / ltgLx¿nfO{ btf{ u/L gDa/ lbg] . -r_ lgdf{0 f tyf oftfoft . dft[lzz' sNof0f. u/fpg] .-!_ gu/kflnsf If]qleqsf . k'n. u/fpg] .dsf pkef]Uo j:t'sf] a]rljvg / pkef]udf /f]s nufpg] .+/If0f. u/fpg] .+j4{g Pj+ k|of]u ug]{. -$_ dxfdf/L tyf .fj{hlgs k|of]udf /f]s nufpg] jf x6fpg] . cfo'j]{lbs cf}ifwfno / :jf:Yo s]Gb|x¿sf] . l/S.DaGwLM . u/fpg] .]j f . 6'x'/f. -#_ gu/kflnsfsf] oftfoft cfjZostfnfO{ ljrf/ u/L 7]nf.+/If0f / .DaGwL sfo{qmd . .+rfng / Joj:yfkg ug]{./ kg]{ lsl. -^_ hg:jf:Yodf k|lts"n c.DaGwLM . -%_ gu/kflnsf If]qdf hg:jf:Yosf] nflu xflgsf/s rLhj:t'sf] . -5_ :jf:Yo .DaGwLM . sne6{x¿sf] of]hgf agfO{ lgdf{0f tyf dd{t .+rfng / Joj:yfkg ug]{. hg.DaGwL sfo{ ug]{. -@_ gu/kflnsf If]qleq :jf:Yo rf}sL tyf pk–:jf:Yo rf}sLx¿ vf]Ng]. -em_ pBf]u tyf ko{6g .+qmfds /f]usf] /f]syfdsf] Joj:yf ug]{.f.

-&_ b}jL k|sf]k lgoGq0f ug]{ . u/fpg] . lj:tf/ / .Ddfg k|bfg ug]{ . d[To' tyf cGo JolQmut 36gf btf{ ug]{ . .sf] nflu sfd ug]{ .-!_ gu/kflnsf If]qdf 3/]n'. -%_ Jofkf/ tyf jfl0fHosf] ljsf.+/If0f ug]{ ..xsfl/tfsf] ljsf.f+:s[lts tyf ko{6sLo .b'kof]u ug]{. -!)_ gu/kflnsf If]qleqsf c. -$_ d. -@!_ gu/kflnsf If]qsf] ljsf.8sdf aQLsf] Joj:yf ug]{ . -!*_ xf6.Ddfgfy{ ljlzi6 JolQmsf] ¿kdf .DaGwdf cfjZos sfd ug]{ . -*_ gu/kflnsf If]qleqsf] hg. -!^_ uNnL tyf . u/fpg] . 46 . .Dkbfsf] . -(_ k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd hGd. . -!$_ kz' awzfnfsf] k|aGw ug]{ . -!#_ gu/kflnsf If]qsf] 3/sf] Ans gDa/ cBfjlws /fVg] . ahf/ d]nf cflbsf] k|aGw ug]{.xfo. k'zjwzfnf /fVg] :yfgsf] lgwf{/0f / Joj:yfkg ug]{ . -@_ sfGhL xfp.8ssf] bfofF afofF / cGo cfjZos 7fpFdf j[Iff/f]k0f ug]{ . cgfy / ckf+u afnaflnsfx¿sf] nut /fVg] / ltgLx¿nfO{ pko'Qm 7fpFdf /fVg] Joj:yf ug]{ . u/fpg] . u/fpg] . 3/ kvf{n cflb eTsfpg nufpg] . -!%_ 5f8f kz' kqmfp u/L lnnfd ug]{ . -^_ gu/kflnsfsf] ljlgod th'{df u/L gu/ kl/ifb\df k]z ug]{ ./sf/L klt{ hUufx¿sf] . -!!_ ax'nf tyf 5f8f s's'/ df/L .fj{hlgs lxtsf] . -!@_ vt/f pTkGg ug]{ ?v sf6\g nufpg].fg 3f6sf] lgwf{/0f / Joj:yfkg ug]{ .g]df xn vf]Ng :jLs[lt lbg] . -`_ ljljwM ljljw -!_ gu/kflnsf If]qsf] .DaGwL cGo sfdx¿ ug]{. .xof]u k'¥ofpg] .fgf tyf demf}nf pBf]usf] k|j4{gdf pTk]|/ssf] sfd ug]{. -!(_ af?0f oGqsf] . -@@_ .'/Iff ug]{ / d/]sf kz'k+IfL uf8\g] 7fpF tf]Sg] .+/If0f. -@)_ s'g} ljlzi6 JolQmnfO{ gu/sf] . u/fpg] .sf] nflu .+Vof tyf 3/ hUufsf] nut /fVg] . -@_ gu/kflnsf If]qleqsf] k|fs[lts. -!&_ gu/kflnsf If]qdf l.+rfng / Joj:yfkg ug]{.Da4{g. -#_ gu/kflnsf If]qsf] P]nfgL tyf .

-@$_ gu/kflnsfnfO{ cfo–cfh{g x'g] .+ej To:tf . kfs{ cflbsf] Joj:yf ldnfpg] . lrl8ofvfgf. st{Josf] cltl/Qm gu/kflnsf If]qdf b]xfoadf]lhdsf P]lR5s sfdx¿ . -3_ gu/kflnsf If]qleq cJojl:yt a.. -r_ a[4 tyf cgfy cf>dx¿sf] Joj:yf ug]{ . lgoGq0f ug]{ . -#_ gu/kflnsf If]qdf ug'{ kg]{ ljsf.lrjsf] sfo{sf] d"Nof+sg u/L l.d"x tyf cGo u}/ . -`_ gbL k|b"if0f lgoGq0f ug{ sfo{qmdx¿ .dIf k7fpg] .lxt clVtof/jfnf. lgdf{0f sfo{sf] nflu pkef]Qmf .Sg]5M– -s_ gu/kflnsf If]qleq :t/o'Qm ljBfno lzIff pknAw u/fpg cfjZos Joj:yf ldnfpg] .j jfxgsf] Joj:yf ldnfpg] . -em_ a]/f]huf/L sd ug{ a]/f]huf/x¿sf] tYof+s . -v_ gu/kflnsf If]qaf6 lg/If/tf lgd"{n kfg{ . u/fpg] . -$_ gu/kflnsfn] of] P]g tyf o.nfO{ Jojl:yt t'Nofpg] .+rfng ug]{ .+:yfx¿nfO{ k|f]T.Fu|xfno.f]af.]jf pknAw u/fpg] . -ª_ lgb]{lzt hUuf ljsf.+rfng ug]{ .kmfl/z.+:yfx¿ dfkm{t ug'{ u/fpg' kg]{5 .+sng u/L /f]huf/d"ns sfo{qmdx¿ .-@#_ .+rfng ug{ k|f]T. P]g cGtu{t ag]sf] lgod tyf ljlgodadf]lhd cfk"mnfO{ k|fKt ePsf] clwsf/sf] k|of]u ug]{5 . .d]t nufgLdf .d"x jf .+rfng ug]{ .'ljwfsf] Joj:yf ldnfpg] .flxt u/L oyf. u/fpg] . e"–pkof]u h:tf sfo{x¿sf] dfWodaf6 gu/sf] agfj6 tyf ljsf. s[8f:yn./sf/L . -6_ gu/kflnsf If]qdf PDa'n]G. -@_ gu/kflnsfn] pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf sfd. -u_ gu/kflnsf If]qsf ljleGg 7fpFx¿df k':tsfno tyf jfrgfnox¿ :yfkgf u/L .+rf/ . -@^_ k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd tf]lsPsf cGo sfdx? ug]{ .fIf/tf sfo{qmdx¿ .xsf/L.xsfl/tfdf cfwfl/t ljljw sfo{qmdx¿ th'{df u/L .flxt ug]{. -7_ gu/kflnsf If]qdf . -h_ gu/kflnsfdf dgf]/Ghg :yn. .+rfng ug]{ . -@%_ . -5_ ljB't cfk"lt{ / . 47 .flos sfo{qmd lghL If]qsf] .+rfng ug]{.d]t ug{ . cf}Bf]lus tyf Joj. -8_ b}jL k|sf]kaf6 x'g] wghgsf] IftL sd ug{ lg/f]wfTds tyf p4f/sf sfo{x¿ ug]{ .

b:onfO{ sfo{ef/ lbg] . -#_ pkbkmf -@_ sf] k|of]hgsf] nflu dgfl.j sf/0f xf].kmfl/z ug]{ . (*= pk– pk–k|d 'vsf] sfd. st{Jo / clwsf/ b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5M– -s_ gu/ kl/ifb\ / gu/kflnsfsf] a}7s af]nfpg] . -r_ k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd cfjZos l. 48 .'/lIft . -`_ . xf]Og eGg] k|Zg p7]df gu/kflnsfn] lg0f{o ug]{5 . -@_ k|d'vn] dgfl. st{Jo / clwsf/M clwsf/ -!_ k|d'vsf] sfd. u/fpg] . -u_ gu/kflnsfsf] cfDbfgL.lrjnfO{ sfh v6fpg].b:ox¿nfO{ ljifout sfo{ ljefhg ug]{ tyf pkk|d'v. st{Jo / clwsf/M clwsf/ -!_ pk–k|d'vsf] sfd. st{Jo / clwsf/ b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5M– -s_ k|d'vsf] cg'kl:yltdf sfo{afxs eO{ sfd ug]{ .j sf/0f afx]s nuftf/ tL.b:ox¿sf] sfdsf] afF8kmfF8 ug]{ .DaGwdf cfjZos Joj:yf ldnfpg] .b:o tyf . -3_ gu/kflnsfsf] lg0f{o sfof{Gjog ug]{.gsf] /]vb]v / lgoGq0f ug]{. xf]Og eGg] k|Zg p7]df gu/kflnsfn] lg0f{o ug]{5 . -6_ j8f. -5_ gu/kflnsfsf] rn crn .j sf/0f afx]s nuftf/ tL. -7_ tf]lsPsf] cGo sfdx¿ ug]{ . -ª_ gu/kflnsfsf] b}lgs k|zf.j sf/0f xf].fy /fVg]. lbg eGbf a9L cfkm\gf] If]q 5f]8\g x'Fb}g .(&= k|d 'vsf] sfd. u/fpg] .fa / cGo sfuhkqx¿ .do gu/kflnsfdf pkl:yt x'g g. -@_ pk–k|d'vn] dgfl. .+ef/ ug]{. vr{sf] lx.Sg] ePdf pkk|d'vnfO{ sfo{ef/ lbg] / pkk|d'v klg gePdf pd]/sf] cfwf/df h]i7 . -h_ gu/kflnsfsf] ah]6 / of]hgf th'{df ug]{ .DklQ x]/larf/ tyf dd{t . -#_ pkbkmf -@_ sf] k|of]hgsf] nflu dgfl. u/fpg] . lbgeGbf a9L cfkm\gf] If]q 5f]8\g x'Fb}g . -v_ gu/ kl/ifb\ / gu/kflnsfsf] a}7sdf cfjZos k|:tfj / sfuhft k]z ug]{. /fVg nufpg] .ft lbgeGbf a9L .b:o jf cGo s'g} . u/fpg] . -em_ pkk|d'v / . -v_ tf]lsPsf] cGo sfdx¿ ug]{ .

dl:hb.kmfl/z ug]{ . db/./sf/L . 49 . -3_ j8fleq 7]Ssf jf pkef]Qmf . j:t' / :yfgsf] .xof]u ug]{ .f/ lgdf{0f.+:yfaf6 .ldltnfO{ .ldltdf pkl:yt x'g g. xf]Og eGg] k|Zg p7]df gu/kflnsfn] lg0f{o ug]{5 .f+:s[lts dxTjsf . kf6L kf}jf.|f]t gSzf tof/ ug]{ sfddf j8f.b:o / j8f.d"x / cGo u}/ .xof]u ug]{ . s'jf. -u_ j8f . st{Jo / clwsf/M clwsf/ -!_ .+:yfnfO{ cfof]hgf 5gf}6 / cfof]hgf th'{df ug{ .b:o``sf] sfd./sf/L .b:ox¿ dWo] pd]/sf cfwf/df h]i7 . -r_ cfk"lt{ Joj:yf ldnfpg .xof]u ug]{ .Sg] ePdf P]gsf] bkmf &% v08 -v_ / -u_ adf]lhdsf . -h_ tf]lsPsf cGo sfdx¿ ug]{ .xof]u ug]{ .b:osf] sfd.DaGwL sfd ePgePsf] .b:on] dgfl.+Vof.ldltdf hfgsf/L lbg] .ldltsf] jflif{s sfo{qmd / sfo{of]hgf agfpg / tof/ ePsf sfo{qmd / sfo{of]hgf nfu" ug{ j8f . dxz'n. u'Daf. wf/f 9'+u]wf/f cflb wfld{s tyf cGo k|fs[lts Pj+ . -ª_ gu/kl/ifb\\n] cg'df]bg u/]adf]lhd gu/kflnsfn] nufPsf] s/. lbg eGbf a9L cfkm\gf] If]q 5f]8\g x'Fb}g . -$_ j8f .ft lbgeGbf a9L . -3_ pkef]Qmf .–lgdf{0fsf] of]hgf tof/ u/L gu/kflnsfdf k]z ug]{ . -u_ j8fleq dfkb08cg'.DaGwL sfdsf] /]vb]v tyf cg'udg u/L j8f . Ogf/.f.j sf/0f afx]s nuftf/ tL.'npk/ ug]{ sfddf . -v_ j8f . z'Ns. lgdf{0fsf] sfo{ af/] 5nkmn u/L pkef]Qmf . st{Jo / clwsf/ b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5M– -s_ cfkm\gf] j8fsf] ljsf. kf]v/L tnfp. -#_ pkbkmf -@_ sf] k|of]hgsf] nflu dgfl. b]j:yn. d7–dlGb/.xof]u ug]{ .fj{hlgs rLh.ldlt jf cdfgtaf6 . b:t'/.d"x / u}/ .DaGwL ljj/0f dfu ePdf gu/kflnsfdf k]z ug]{ . -5_ .~rflnt ljsf.((= .j sf/0f xf]. . -v_ ljsf. ktL{ hUuf.ldltdf hfgsf/L lbg] .]jf z'Ns c.DaGwdf j8f .do j8f . -ª_ k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd cfjZos l.+efJo cfof]hgf gu/kflnsfdf k7fpg] k|aGw ug]{ . st{Jo / clwsf/ b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5M– -s_ j8fleqsf] hg. lgdf{0f.b:onfO{ sfo{ef/ lbg] .b:osf] sfd.ldltnfO{ . 3/hUuf. -@_ . wd{zfnf.

d[To' tyf cGo JolQmut 36gf btf{ u/L gu/kflnsf If]qleqsf] hg. a]?h' km5\of}{6 u/fpg] / a]?h' /sd sfg"gadf]lhd c.xof]u k'¥ofpg] . lg0f{o k'l:tsf lhDdf lng] / lg0f{o k|dfl0ft ug]{ .-r_ j8fleqsf .+Vofsf] nut b'?:t /fVg] jf /fVg nufpg] .8s.+:yf jf cGo lgsfoaf6 . -0f_ k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd tf]lsPsf cGo sfdx¿ ug]{ . st{Jo / clwsf/M clwsf/ . uNnL .DklQsf] lhG./.Dk"0f{ k|zf.lgs lgoGq0f ug]{ . -3_ pkef]Qmf . u}/ .DkGg cfof]hgfsf] clen]v b'?:t /fVg] . u/fpg] .+qmfds /f]u lgoGq0f ug{ j8f.lgs sfdsf/afxL ug]{ . -ª_ gu/kflnsfsf] cfo / Joosf] lx. -em_ g]kfn .xof]u k'¥ofpg].Dk"0f{ sd{rf/Lx¿sf] /]vb]v / lgoGq0f ug]{ .DaGwdf cfjZos Joj:yf ldnfpg] ./sf/af6 v6L cfPsf / gu/kflnsfsf .+/If0f ug]{ .lrjsf] sfd.n lhDdf lng] .kmfO ug{ / . -5_ 5f8f rf}kfof Pj+ /]ljh /f]u / cGo o:t} . -h_ gu/kflnsfsf] rn crn .ldltnfO{ .fj{hlgs .fa /fVg] . -8_ gu/ kl/ifb\ / gu/kflnsfsf] a}7sdf pkl:yt eO{ lg0f{osf] dfOGo"l6Ë ug]{. -`_ gu/kflnsfsf] a}7sdf pkl:yt x'g] / cfjZos k/]sf] sfd ug]{. -v_ k|d'vsf] lgb]{zgdf :jLs[t gu/ ljsf.lrjsf] sfd.f] lgdf{0fsf] lx. -u_ gu/kflnsf cGtu{t lgdf{0f x'g] vr{sf] lx. rf]s.fasf] n]vfk/LIf0f u/fpg]. -5_ gu/kflnsfsf] lx.fa /fvL .fa km/kmf/s ug{ k]z ug]{ . -r_ gu/kflnsfsf] :jLs[t ah]6sf] kl/lwleq /xL lg0f{o sfof{Gjog ug{sf] nflu vr{ ug]{ . / -h_ tf]lsPadf]lhd cGo sfo{x¿ ug]{ . st{Jo / clwsf/ b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5M– -s_ k|d'vsf] lgb]{zgdf gu/kflnsfsf] .d"x."n pk/ ug]{./sf/L .ldltnfO{ .L nut /fVg] / . -9_ gu/kflnsfcGtu{t sd{rf/Lx?sf] k|zf.fj{hlgs dxTjsf :ynx¿ . -6_ gu/kflnsfdf bfo/ ePsf d'2fsf] ldl.kmf ug]{ sfddf j8f. !))= . 50 . -7_ hGd. u/fpg] . sfo{qmdsf] sfof{Gjog ug]{ .

cfnLw'/.f] dxn cGtu{tsf] cGo d'2f.DaGwL d'2f. -9_ . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd gu/kflnsfn] dWo:y .f/ vfg nfpg lbg'kg]{ ljifosf] d'2f.]sf]. -5_ sNof0f wgsf] dxn cGtu{tsf] d'2f.DaGwL / Hofnf dh'/Lsf] dxn cGtu{tsf] d'2f.'/Iff ./sf/n] g]kfn /fhkqdf . To. bfp/f .lGw .DklQsf] ./L b'O{ hgf dWo:ysf] gfd 51 .DaGwL P]g. -3_ u/La s+ufnsf] dxncGtu{tsf] d'2f. ldr]sf] d'2f.s]df d'2fsf kIfx¿n] cf–cfkm\gf] tkm{af6 Ps–Ps hgf dWo:y lgo'lQm u/L To. -u_ j]7j]u/ . -6_ uf]jw afx]s rf}kfofsf] dxn cGtu{tsf] cGo d'2f.ldltsf] u7gM u7g -!_ bkmf !)! adf]lhd gu/kflnsfdf bfo/ ePsf d'2fsf] sf/afxL tyf lsgf/f ug{ gu/kflnsfn] dWo:y .]sf] jf k:g.Ldfgf./sf/L d'2f. afFw k}gL."rgf k|sfzg u/L tf]s]sf] ldltb]lv gu/kflnsf If]qleqsf] b]xfosf d'2fx¿sf] z'? sf/afxL / lsgf/f ug]{ clwsf/ gu/kflnsfnfO{ x'g]5M– -s_ hUuf tkm{ . .ldlt u7g ug]{5 . 3fF."rL @ df pNn]lvt d'2f afx]s g]kfn . -`_ kfgL 3f6sf] k|of]u tyf ."rLdf /x]sf JolQmx¿ dWo]af6 dWo:y lgo'lQm ug{ d'2fsf kIfx¿sf] ."rL ! / cg'. -8_ csf{sf] 3/leq hjh{:tL k. -h_ gf.fFw . -#_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd dWo:yx¿sf] .f] w/f}6sf] dxnsf] % g+= cGtu{tsf] d'2fafx]s .kl/R5]b – % gu/kflnsfsf] Goflos clwsf/ !)!= Goflos clwsf/M clwsf/ g]kfn ./sf/n] gu/kflnsfnfO{ g]kfn /fhkqdf . -ª_ rf}kfof x/fpg] / kfpg]sf] dxn cGtu{tsf] d'2f."rLdf /x]sf JolQmx¿ dWo] d'2fsf kIfx¿sf] .k{g.fj{hlgs .DaGwL d'2f.ldlt u7g ubf{ bkmf !)# adf]lhdsf] dWo:yx¿sf] . -em_ c+za08fsf] dxnsf] !) g+= cGtu{tsf] OHht cfdbcg'."rgf k|sfzg u/L tf]sL lbPsf cGo d'2f . -v_ afnL cd{n d'2f. @)$( sf] cg'. s'nf] jf kfgLsf] afF8kmfF8 tyf af6f] jf lgsf. -r_ 3/ agfpg]sf] dxnsf] * g+= / ( g++ cGtu{tsf] d'2f. -7_ r/g. a..xdlt ePsf tLg hgf JolQmnfO{ dWo:ydf lgo'lQm ug]{5 . a:g vf]h]sf] d'2f.xdlt x'g g.sf] gfd gu/kflnsfdf lbg' kg]{5 . !)@= dWo:y .

dIf k]z ePsf] d'2fdf oyf.f] ldnfkq jf lg0f{odf sf6g] gu/kflnsfn] cfkm\gf] 5fk nufO{ cfkm\gf] clen]vdf /fvL gu/kflnsfdf bfo/ ePsf] pQm d'4fsf] nut s§f ug'{ kg]{5 .+ej . .d]t v'nfO{ dWo:yx¿sf] . !)#= dWo:yx¿sf] .k|fKt ePkl5 gu/kflnsfn] bkmf !)# adf]lhdsf] dWo:yx¿sf] . 52 ."rLdf oyf. -#_ jf -$_ adf]lhd dWo:ydf lgo'lQm ePsf dWo:yx¿ dWo]af6 Ps hgfnfO{ k|d'vn] dWo:y ."rL tof/ ubf{ oyf. P]g cGtu{t bfo/ ePsf d'2fsf] z'? sf/afxL / lsgf/f ug]{ k|of]hgsf nflu gu/kflnsfn] gu/kflnsf u7g x'gf.fy :yfgLo JolQm.d]t .xdlt lnO{ ltgLx¿sf] gfd. !)%= lg0f{o ug]{ k|s [ofMf -!_ dWo:yn] cfkm".dy{g u/]sf] /fo g} dfGo x'g]5 .dIf k]z ul/g]5 / pQm ljifodf gu/kflnsfn] .DalGwt j8fsf tLg hgf JolQmnfO{ dWo:y lgo'Qm ug]{5 ."rLdf /x]sf .DalGwt kIfx¿sf] aLr jftf{ u/fO{ ldnfkq u/fpg]5 .xdlt x'g g. sfg"gljb\ dWo]af6 pko'Qm b]lvPsf JolQmx¿sf] ."rLML -!_ o. y/ / jtg .+ej gu/kflnsfsf . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd dWo:yx¿sf] aLrdf ax'dt geO{ cnu–cnu /fo ePdf tL /fox¿ pNn]v u/L gu/kflnsf.s]df jf pkbkmf -#_ adf]lhd d'2fsf kIfx¿n] cf–cfkm\gf] tkm{af6 Ps Ps hgf dWo:ysf] gfd gk7fPsf] cj:yfdf gu/kflnsfn] bkmf !)# adf]lhdsf] dWo:yx¿sf] .s]df To:tf] d'4fdf dWo:yn] bkmf !)$ adf]lhd cfk\mgf] clwsf/sf] k|of]u u/L lg0f{o ug]{5 .a} j8faf6 k|ltlglwTj x'g] u/L ug'{ kg]{5 .fd"lxs ¿kn] ug]{5g\ / ax'dtsf] /fo dWo:ysf] lg0f{o dflgg]5 . -#_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] dWo:yx¿sf] .dfj]z ug'{ kg]{5 .Dd ."rL tof/ u/L . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd ldnfkq u/fpg g. -%_ pkbkmf -@_.fdflhs sfo{stf{. !)$= clwsf/If]q sf] k|of]u M -!_ dWo:ysf] clwsf/If]qsf] k|of]u tLg hgf dWo:yn] . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd dWo:yx¿sf] . -$_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd dWo:ysf] lgo'lQmdf d'2fsf kIfx¿sf] .+ej eP.ldltsf] cWoIf tf]Sg]5 ."rLdf /x]sf JolQmx¿ dWo]af6 csf]{ Ps hgf dWo:y lgo'Qm ug]{5 . !)^= d'2 fsf] nut sf6\ \g M] bkmf !)% adf]lhd ldnfkq jf lg0f{o ePsf]df .+ej dlxnf tyf lk5l8Psf ju{nfO{ .fj{hlgs hfgsf/Lsf] nflu gu/kflnsfsf] sfof{nodf k|sfzg u/L /fVg' kg]{5 .

!!)= d'4 f . 53 . !)(= lg0f{osf] sfof{G jogM jog -!_ gu/kflnsfsf] cfkm\gf] clwsf/If]q cGtu{tsf d'2f–dfldnfsf] . lbgleq . To:tf] d'2f.f/ e"–pkof]u.lsg] .'gL kfPsf] jf yfxf kfPsf] ldltn] k}+tL. -#_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd n]vL cfPdf dfnkf]t sfof{non] k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd /Lt k'¥ofO{ ldnfkq jf lg0f{osf] sfof{Gjog ul/lbg' kg]{5 ./L ltg{ a'emfpg kg]{ bfloTjsf] ljj/0f. @)$* adf]lhd ul7t gu/kflnsf. -#_ pkbkmf -!_ / -@_ adf]lhd of]hgf th'{df ubf{ gu/kflnsfn] cfjZostf cg'.Sg] clwsf/M clwsf/ bkmf !)% sf] pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd ePsf] lg0f{odf lrQ ga'em\g] kIfn] lg0f{o .dIf /x]sf d'2f jf ph"/L o. d'2f l5Gg' kg]{ cjlw.Gt'lnt / lgof]lht t'Nofpg cfjZostf cg'.DalGwt lhNnf cbfntdf k'g/fj]bg ug{ .Sg]5 .DaGwdf ePsf] ldnfkq jf lg0f{oadf]lhd kIfx¿n] ltg{ a'emfpg kg]{ bfloTj k"/f ug{ d~h'/ u/]df gu/kflnsfn] tTsfn ldnfkq jf lg0f{osf] sfof{Gjog ug'{ u/fpg' kg]{5 .!)&= d'2 f . kl/R5]b – ^ gu/kflnsfsf] of]hgf th'{d f / sfof{G jog k|l qmof !!!= gu/kflnsfsf] of]hgfsf] th'{d fMf -!_ k|To]s gu/kflnsfn] gu/kflnsf If]qsf] ljsf.f/ jfx\ok/fdz{ .g]{5 . -@_ gu/kflnsfn] of]hgf th'{df ubf{ gu/sf] ljsf.DaGwL sfo{ k|0 ffnLM ffnL o.+rfng ug'{ kg]{5 . !)*= k'g /fj]b g ug{ . e"–PsLs/0f / lgb]{lzt hUuf ljsf. h:tf of]hgf . Dofb tfl/vsf] Joj:yf. Dofb tfd]n ug]{ ljlw.]jf k|fKt ug{ .g]{M gu/kflnsf P]g. ldnfkq jf lg0f{o ubf{sf] sfo{k|0ffnL tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 . of]hgf th'{df ug'{ kg]{5 .lxtsf] nut . P]gadf]lhd gu/kflnsfaf6 z'? sf/afxL / lsgf/f x'g] d'2fx¿ bfo/ ug]{ k|s[of.Sg]5 . . -$_ gu/kflnsfn] of]hgfsf] th'{df ubf{ b]xfo adf]lhdsf cfof]hgfnfO{ k|fyldstf lbg' kg]{5M– -s_ pTkfbgd"ns tyf l56f] k|ltkmn k|fKt ug{ . P]gadf]lhd ul7t gu/kflnsfdf . kIfx¿ pkl:yt u/fpg] k|s[of.DaGwL hfFra'em tyf sf/afxLsf] tl/sf.DalGwt dfnkf]t sfof{nodf k7fpg' kg]{5 . -@_ s'g} kIfn] ldnfkq jf lg0f{oadf]lhd ltg{ a'emfpg kg]{ bfloTj k"/f gu/]sf] cj:yfdf gu/kflnsfn] To.sf nflu cfjlws / jflif{s ljsf.

Da4{g ug{ .+rfng x'g] of]hgfsf] th'{df ug{ rfn' jif{df b]xfoadf]lhd ug'{ kg]{5M– -s_ k|To]s jif{sf] dfu{ dxLgf.DalGwt lgsfox¿af6 cfufdL cfly{s jif{sf] lgldQ dfu{bz{g tyf .DaGwdf /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]u / lhNnf ljsf. -3_ :yfgLo . pkef]Qmf .+rfng x'g] . -ª_ . If]qdf ul/Psf jf ul/g' kg]{ ljleGg ljsf.f]sf] cfwf/df of]hgf th'{df ug'{ kg]{5 .sf ./sf/.-v_ gu/sf hgtfsf] hLjg:t/.ldltaf6 k|fKt lgb]{zgx¿ .ldltdf cfof]hgf 5gf}6 tyf sfo{qmd th'{df.Gbfaf6} tof/ ul/g' kg]{ ljleGg ljifo If]qsf hgzlQm ljsf. -u_ sd nfut tyf a9L hg.Dkbfx¿ / ltgLx¿sf] jt{dfg pkof]u ./sf/L .xeflutfdf .lsg] . -3_ dlxnf / afnaflnsfsf] nflu cfod"ns / . . cfly{s Pj+ k|fs[lts .DaGwL Joj:yf .|f]t tyf zLkaf6 . -u_ lk5l8Psf hft hfltx¿ Pj+ u/LaL ePsf] If]q tyf To.DaGwL dfubz{g pknAw u/fpg' kg]{5 . gu/kflnsf cfkm}+n] klg cfufdL cfly{s jif{sf] . -5_ :yfgLo afl.Lkd"ns sfo{x¿ . sfo{x¿ . -v_ ljleGg If]qdf t'ngfTds nfut nfesf] lx.fwgsf] k"j{–cg'dfg k|fKt ug'{ kg]{5 .+rfng tyf .fan] pTkfbg ug{ .ldltx¿.+/If0f tyf .+efjgfx¿ . cfDbfgL / /f]huf/ a9fpg] tyf k|ToIf nfe x'g] / ul/jL lgjf/0fdf . 54 . gLlt .+:yfaf6 cfof]hgfx¿ dfu u/L . .DaGwL of]hgf .dli6ut cfjZostfx¿ . lhNnf ljsf.Dddf gu/kflnsfn] g]kfn . sfo{qmd th'{dfsf] lgldQ ljleGg j8f . -v_ cfjlws of]hgfn] kl/nlIft u/]sf . -r_ ljsf.+efjgfsf cfwf/df ljleGg ljifo If]qut cNksfnLg Pj+ bL3{sfnLg ljsf. -ª_ dlxnf Pj+ lk5l8Psf ju{ tyf afnaflnsfnfO{ k|ToIf nfe x'g] .|f]t– . .+ef/ . -v_ gu/kflnsf If]qsf j8f .DkGg ePsf ljleGg ljifo If]q cGtu{tsf cfof]hgfx¿sf] ljj/0f / ltgLx¿sf] . -r_ jftfj/0fLo .+rfng x'g] .ldltx¿ / u}/–.]jf tyf ljsf.fwg .3fp k'¥ofpg] . sfo{x¿ .xof]u k'¥ofpg] . -&_ jflif{s of]hgf th'{df ubf{ lgDg s'/fnfO{ cfwf/ lng' kg]{5M– -s_ /fli6«o ljsf.dfj]z ug'{ kg]{5M– -s_ gu/sf] ef}uf]lns. -%_ cfufdL jif{ .ldlt tyf cGo . -^_ cfjlws of]hgf th'{df ubf{ lgDg ljifo .

/sf/L .fj{hlgs u/fpg' kg]{5 .Sg] gub. -v_ cfof]hgfaf6 kmfObf kfpg] hgtfsf] .+Vof / kmfObfsf] lsl.dfwfg x'G5.-u_ j8f . -r_ pkef]Qmfx¿af6 k|fKt x'g .|f]t gSzf tyf bkmf !!# adf]lhdsf] cfof]hgfsf] .d]t v'nfO{ cfof]hgfsf] .ldltaf6 k|fKt ./sf/L lgsfox¿ aLr . -$_ gu/kflnsfnfO{ k|fKt x'g] cg'bfgsf] cg'dfg k|fKt ePkl5 k|fyldstfsf] cfwf/df cfof]hgf 5gf}6 ug'{ kg]{5 .Sg] z'Ns jf dd{t . !!#= cfof]hgfsf] . j:t'ut >d / To:t} cGo of]ubfg.DkGg ubf{ nfUg .DalGwt lgsfo aLr bf]xf]/f]kg x6fpg] . !!$= cfof]hgfsf] 5gf}6M -!_ cfof]hgfsf] 5gf}6 ubf{ bkmf !!@ adf]lhdsf] ./sf/L Pj+ u}/ .xeflutf / >d k|fKt x'g] cfof]hgfx¿ 5gf}6 ug'{ kg]{5 .Gbfx¿sf] .f tof/ ug'{ kg]{5 .fdu|Lsf] d"No tyf nfUg] .]jf / ljsf.|f]t gS.dGjo ug]{M gu/kflnsfn] gu/kflnsfsf] of]hgf / .DefJotf cWoog ug'{ kg]{M gu/kflnsfn] gu/kflnsfsf] of]hgf sfof{Gjog ug]{ qmddf b]xfoadf]lhdsf s'/fx¿ .Fu b]xfosf ljifodf . -v_ nufgLstf{x¿ aLr cfk.dn] cfof]hgfsf] 5gf}6 ug'{ kg]{5 .sf lgldQ gu/:t/Lo j:t'ut tYof+s .+rfng Joj:yf. -#_ cfof]hgf 5gf}6 ubf{ a9L eGbf a9L :yfgLo jfl. -ª_ cfof]hgf .+/If0f tyf . u}x|. !!@= .d. -%_ 5gf}6 ePsf cfof]hgfsf] hfgsf/L gu/jf. .Da4{g ug]{ lsl. !!%= gu/kflnsf. 55 .dosf] cg'dfg.Lx¿aLr .]jfsf If]qdf ul/g] nufgLdf gu/kflnsf / .+:yf.]jf sfo{qmd th'{df ubf{ gu/kflnsf If]qdf ljleGg .dGjo sfod ug]{ .+sng u/L gu/sf] j:t'l:ylt b]lvg] u/L . -5_ pkef]Qmfaf6 p7\g ./sf/L./sf/L tyf bft[ . sfo{qmdx¿ sfof{Gjog ug]{ . x'Fb}g. -u_ 5gf}6 ug{ nfluPsf] cfof]hgf gofF xf] jf cw'/f] xf].f tof/ ug]{M k|To]s gu/kflnsfn] gu/kflnsf If]qsf] ljsf.+efJotf cWoog k|ltj]bgsf] cfwf/df ug'{ kg]{5 .Def/ vr{.Sg] vr{ tyf .df kl/k"/s . -3_ cfof]hgf .dGjo sfod ug'{ kg]{5M– -s_ s'g} klg .|f]t gS.d:of . -@_ cfof]hgf 5gf}6 ubf{ jftfj/0f .DefJotf cWoog ug'{ u/fpg' kg]{5M– -s_ cfof]hgfsf] nIo.f] . / -h_ cGo v'nfpg' kg]{ s'g} s'/f eP . .'emfjx¿ .+rfng gu/L cGo s'g} pkfoaf6 .

-&_ gu/kflnsf If]qdf /x]sf] gu/ljsf. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] tflnsf cg'¿k .ldltsf] .ldltsf .Fu k|ToIf .Demf}tf u/L . -3_ nufgLaf6 gu/af. -%_ gu/kflnsfn] .+rfng ug]{ sfo{qmddf u}/ .+rfng ug{ .do tflnsf lgwf{/0f ug]{ .DalGwt j8f ./sf/L . -v_ lhNnf ljsf.+rfngM fng -!_ gu/:t/Lo of]hgf b]xfoadf]lhd ./sf/L ./sf/L .+3.ldltn] of]hgf th'{df ubf{ gu/kflnsfsf] k/fdz{df ug]{5 . -^_ g]kfn .+rfng ul/g]5g\ .+rfng tflnsf tof/ ug'{ kg]{5 ./f]sf/ /fVg] vfnsf cfof]hgfx¿ pkef]Qmf . -#_ pkef]Qmf . -u_ g]kfn .lrjn] cfof]hgf .+rfngsf] nflu tfnLd cfjZos kg]{ ePdf . ./sf/sf] cg'bfgaf6.b:onfO{ cfof]hgf .lrjn] .+rfng x'g]5 .+:yfaf6 . !!&= cfof]hgfsf] sfof{G jog / Joj:yfkgM Joj:yfkg -!_ gu/ kl/ifb\af6 :jLs[t cfof]hgfsf] .-u_ b'a}sf] sfo{ljlwdf pkef]Qmfx¿sf] e"ldsf d'Vo ¿kn] sfod ug]{ . -ª_ gu/kflnsf If]qleq ljQLo kl/rfngaf6 . -$_ lhNnf of]hgfdf .f/ cfof]hgf . . -@_ gu/kflnsfn] cfof]hgf 5gf}6 u/]kl5 .+rfng x'g]5g\M– -s_ gu/kflnsfsf] cfkm\g} >f]taf6.ldlt dfkm{t .+:yfaf6 k|fKt /sdaf6./sf/sf] cg'bfgaf6 . !!^= gu/:t/Lo of]hgfsf] .+rfng x'g] ljz]if cfof]hgf g]kfn .d]t x'g] cj:yfdf b'O{ .n ug{ .+:yfx¿sf] nufgL .Demf}tf cg'.Sg] tl/sf ckgfpg] . . 56 .Fu .+rfng u/fpg' kg]{5 .+rfng tflnsf agfO{ sfof{Gjog ug'{ u/fpg' kg]{5 .ldltdf k7fpg' kg]{5 .ldltsf] cg'bfgaf6./sf/åf/f tf]lsPsf] k|lqmofadf]lhd x'g]5 .+:yf aLr ePsf] . -3_ ljleGg :jb]zL jf ljb]zL u}x|.dfj]z ug]{ cfof]hgfx¿ gu/kl/ifb\n] kfl/t u/fO{ lhNnf ljsf. t/ gu/:t/df hgtf. -#_ u}/ .Lx¿n] clwstd nfe xfl. -ª_ ljleGg sfo{qmd sfof{Gjogsf] .+of]hsTjsf cfof]hgf sfof{Gjog ug]{ u/fpg]5 .f] sf] Joj:yf gu/kflnsfn] ug]{5 .+rfng x'g] sfo{qmd gu/kflnsf.

+:yfn] cfkm\gf] sf/f]af/sf] lx. -#_ cfof]hgfsf] k|efj d"Nof+Íg / . -$_ gu/kflnsfn] u}/ . !!*= cfof]hgfsf] . -@_ pkef]Qmf .f] sf] k|fljlws hfFrkf.-$_ pkef]Qmf .+:yfn] cfof]hgf sfof{Gjog / . !!(= pkef]Q mf ./sf/L .dGjo /fvL ug'{ kg]{5 . -#_ pkef]Qmf .+rflnt .+ef/ / . -@_ cfof]hgfsf] nut Oli6d]6 tf]lsPadf]lhd ug'{ kg]{5 .s]kl5 .d"xsf] sfd.Sg]5 .dLIff ug'{ kg]{5 .a} gu/:t/Lo cfof]hgfsf] q}dfl.d"x / u}/./sf/L .+:yfn] cfof]hgf . th'{df. -#_ cfof]hgf .]jf z'Nssf] /sd .ldltn] lbPsf] lgb]{zg kfng ug'{ kg]{5 . Pj+ cfof]hgf d"Nof+Íg u/fpg' kg]{5 .+: yfn] cfof]hgf .Sg]5 .d"x / u}/ –. /]vb]v d"NofÍg tyf dd{t ./sf/L ./sf/L . st{Jo / clwsf/ tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .+:yfdfkm{t\ of]hgfx¿ sfof{Gjog / . sfo{qmdsf] klxrfg.Def/ ug]{ sfo{sf] nflu gu/kflnsfn] u}/ .d"x u7g ug{ . !@)= pkef]Q mf .DaGwL k"0f{ ljj/0f gu/kflnsfdf k]z ug'{ kg]{5 .flxt ug'{ kg]{5 .+/If0fdf vr{ ug'{ kg]{5 . !@!= u}/ . !@@= lgb]{zg kfng ug'{ kg]{M gu/kflnsfn] gu/ ljsf.Sg]M -!_ gu/:t/Lo cfof]hgf sfof{Gjog ubf{ cfof]hgfaf6 k|ToIf nfe kfpg] JolQmx¿ dWo]af6 gu/kflnsfn] . 57 ./sf/L .]jf k|fKt ug]{ pkef]Qmfaf6 . g]kfn .s .Fu .f]sf] n]vf–k/LIf0f u/fO{ .+rfng ug]{ u}/ .+rfng x'g]5g\ .+:yfx¿nfO{ k|f]T.DaGwdf /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]u.flxt ug'{ kg]{M -!_ k|To]s gu/kflnsfsf] If]qleq gu/ ljsf.+: yfnfO{ k|f]T.DalGwt lgsfodfkm{t\ pkef]Qmf ./sf/L .+:yfaf6 .]jf z'Ns c.DalGwt gu/kflnsfnfO{ a'emfpg' kg]{5 .ldltn] To:tf] cfof]hgfaf6 . -@_ gu/kflnsfaf6 .DkGg eO{ ./sf/ / lhNnf ljsf. -^_ pkbkmf -$_ / -%_ adf]lhdsf] cfDbfgL vr{sf] ljj/0f pkef]Qmf .d]l6g' kg]{ If]q tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .dLIff ubf{ ./sf/L .DalGwt cfof]hgfsf] dd{t .d"x u7g ug{ . -@_ u}/.+rfng ug]{ . of]hgf th'{df / ./sf/L .+rfng.Sg]5 . .d"x / u}/ .+rfng ug]{M -!_ pkef]Qmf . -%_ pkbkmf -$_ adf]lhd k|fKt . .dLIff Pj+ d"N of+ÍgM g -!_ gu/:t/Lo s'g} klg cfof]hgf .ldltn] cBfjlws u/L gu/kflnsfdf k]z ug'{ kg]{5 .fa lstfa cBfjlws u/L .+rfng ug{ .+rfng x'g] cfof]hgfx¿ cfkmg} >f]t / gu/kflnsfaf6 k|fKt >f]taf6 ."n ug{ .+rfng ubf{ gu/kflnsf.

/ km/kmf/s ug'{ u/fpg' kg]{5 .xof]u cflbaf6 k|fKt /sd .DkGg k|ltj]bg / d"Nof+Ígsf] cfwf/df gu/kflnsfn] hfFrkf. -em_ b08 hl/jfgf cflbaf6 k|fKt /sd .Def/ / Joj:yfkgM Joj:yfkg -!_ gu/kflnsfn] .DklQsf] laqmLaf6 k|fKt /sd .Def/sf] nflu To:tf] cfof]hgfaf6 .]jf.fdfg lnnfd laqmLaf6 k|fKt /sd . rGbf.DkGg u/]sf cfof]hgfsf] dd{t . dx. -6_ 7]Ssf k6[faf6 k|fKt /sd . -7_ e"ld s/sf] tf]lsPsf] k|ltzt /sd . z'Ns.DkGg ePsf] hfgsf/L gu/kflnsfdf k|fKt ePkl5 k|fljlwsn] k]z u/]sf] sfo{. -`_ dfn. tyf cfof]hgfsf] km/kmf/sM km/kmf/s -!_ cfof]hgf .+sng ug{ . -h_ >f]t kl/rfngaf6 k|fKt x'g] /sd . .Sg]5 . -r_ s/.]jf z'Nsaf6 p7]sf] /sdaf6 cfof]hgfsf] dd{t . -9_ cGo s'g} >f]taf6 k|fKt x'g] /sd . -3_ s'g} JolQm. -u_ /fhZj afF8kmfF8af6 k|fKt x'g] /sd .DkGg ePkl5 tf]lsPadf]lhd cfof]hgfsf] hfFrkf./sf/af6 k|fKt cg'bfg /sd . !@$= cfof]hgfsf] dd{t . kl/R5]b – & cfly{s Joj:yf !@%= gu/kflnsfsf] sf]i fMf -!_ gu/kflnsfsf] cfkm\gf] 5'6[} sf]if x'g]5 . 58 . / km/kmf/ssf] cg'df]bg gu/ kl/ifb\n] ug]{5 .+:yfaf6 k|fKt bfg. b:t'/. pkfxf/.fk6L /sd / w/f}6L /sd . e/f]6 cflbaf6 k|fKt /sd . . -5_ C[0f nufgLaf6 k|fKt /sd ."n. -8_ . . ef8f. -#_ .!@#= hfFrkf.ldltaf6 k|fKt cg''bfg /sd .DkGg cfof]hgfsf] hfFrkf.+rfng ug]{ lgsfoaf6 cfof]hgf . . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] sf]ifdf b]xfosf /sdx¿ /xg]5g\M– -s_ g]kfn . -@_ cfof]hgf . -v_ lhNnf ljsf. / km/kmf/s ug]{5 . . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] . -#_ pkbkmf -!_ / -@_ adf]lhdsf] cfDbfgL–vr{sf] cBfjlws ljj/0f gu/kflnsfn] /fVg' kg]{5 .+3. -ª_ rn crn .Def/ / cfjZos Joj:yfkg ug'{ kg]{5 .]jf k|fKt ug]{ JolQmx¿af6 .]jf z'Ns .

xfotfdf tf]lsPadf]lhdsf] /sd vr{ ug{ . !@(= lnnfd laqmLsf] Joj:yfM Joj:yf gu/ kl/ifb\af6 :jLs[t gLltcg'. k|ltztdf ga9fO{ gu/kflnsfn] /sdfGt/ ug{ .Sg]5 . 7]Ssf jf cdfgtaf6 u/fpg . -@_ jflif{s ah]6df ut cfly{s jif{sf] cfo / Joosf] oyfy{ ljj/0f.s]sf] cfDbfgL–vr{ / rfn" cfly{s jif{sf] cGt .lrjn] cfly{s jif{ z'? x'g'eGbf cufj} gu/kflnsfsf] cfo / Joosf] ah]6 tof/ u/L :jLs[ltsf nflu gu/kflnsfdf k]z ug'{ kg]{5 .+efljt 59 . -$_ gu/kflnsfsf] sf]ifsf] /sd vr{ ubf{ gu/ kl/ifb\n] kfl/t u/]sf] ah]6sf] clwgdf /xL tf]lsPadf]lhd vr{ ug{ .lgs vr{ tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .d"x. -@_ k|d'vn] :jLs[t ah]6sf] kl/lwleq /xL cfly{s .–lgdf{0fsf sfo{x¿ tf]lsPadf]lhd pkef]Qmf . t/ e}k/L cfpg] / cfly{s . u/fpg' kg]{5M– -s_ 7]Ssf–k6[f tyf cGo sf/f]af/ tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 ./sf/L . !@*= /sdfGt/M /sdfGt/ gu/ kl/ifb\af6 :jLs[t jflif{s ah]6sf] zLif{ssf] aL.+o'Qm b:tvtaf6 x'g]5 . rfn" cfly{s jif{sf] :jLs[t ah]6 adf]lhd eO{ .xfotfdf eg] /sdfGt/ x'g]5}g .Sg]5 ./sf/sf] sfo{qmd tf]s]/ lbPsf] /sd . !@&= lgdf{0 f. -%_ gu/kflnsfsf] sf]ifaf6 vr{ u/]sf] /sdsf] kmfF6jf/L gu/kflnsfsf] a}7sdf k]z ug'{ kg]{5 / gu/kflnsfn] cfkm\gf] cfo / Joosf] hfgsf/L k|To]s gu/kl/ifb\\sf] a}7s ePsf] ldltn] Ps dlxgfleq .DalGwt lgsfox¿n] /fVg' kg]{5 . -#_ . -#_ gu/kflnsfsf] sf]ifdf hDdf ePsf] s'g} /sd a}+sdf hDdf ug'{ kg]{5 .lrjn] gu/ kl/ifb\af6 kfl/t ePsf] ah]6sf] clwgdf /xL gu/kflnsfsf] lg0f{o sfof{Gjog ug{ /sd vr{ ug{ .Sg]5 .+rfng .+:yfdfkm{t\ ljsf.Sg]5 .fdfg jf .-0f_ g]kfn . -v_ gu/:t/Lo of]hgfsf] lx.lrj / n]vf k|d'vsf] .DklQsf] lnnfd jf laqmL k|lqmof tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .fa lstfa . -#_ gu/kflnsfaf6 ul/g] 7]Ssf k6[fsf] lnvtdf . !#)= gu/kflnsfsf] ah]6 th'{d fMf -!_ k|d'vsf] lgb]{zgdf . -^_ gu/kflnsfsf] k|zf.f/ gu/kflnsfnfO{ sfd gnfUg] .fj{hlgs ¿kdf j8f–j8fdf u/fpg' kg]{5 . v/Lb tyf cGo 7]Ssf– sf–k6[f :jLs[l tsf] Joj:yfM Joj:yf -!_ gu/kflnsfn] lgdf{0f sfo{ u/fpFbf b]xfoadf]lhd ug'{. -@_ gu/kflnsfn] cfkm}+ jf u}/–.Sg]5 . !@^= gu/kflnsfsf] sf]i fsf] /sd vr{ ug]{ tl/sfM tl/sf -!_ gu/kflnsfsf] sf]ifsf] .Dddf x'g] ./.lrjn] b:tvt ug]{5 .

!#$= gu/kflnsfsf] .sL afFsL /x]sf] ah]6sf] /sd rfn" jif{df cw"/f /x]sf cfof]hgf / sfo{qmd . 60 .lgs vr{ ug{ kfpg] 5}g . -@_ gu/kflnsfsf] cfo / Joosf] clGtd n]vf–k/LIf0f n]vf ./sf/n] lbPsf] jg .DklQM .DklQpk/ gu/kflnsfsf] xs x'g]5 / To:tf] . dd{t / .}nfO{ lbPdf h'g.DklQ gu/kflnsfn] g]kfn . -@_ . gfnf.DaGwL sfg"g jf g]kfn .DklQ -!_ gu/kflnsfsf] If]qleqsf] b]xfosf . k'n. kf]v/L. .LdfeGbf aflx/ uO{ k|zf. -@_ gu/kflnsfn] gu/ kl/ifb\af6 tf]lsPsf] . pBfg. -v_ s'g} JolQm ljz]ifsf] lghL xs gePsf] / g]kfn .dIf k]z ug'{ kg]{5 . s'jf. kf}jf./sf/ jf s'g} . hUuf. b]jfno. -#_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd k]z ePsf] ah]6 :jLs[ltsf lgldQ k|d'vn] gu/kl/ifb\\. kfs{. Ogf/.+:yf jf JolQmn] lbPsf] .Def/ tyf k|aGw gu/kflnsfn] ug'{ kg]{5M– -s_ gu/kflnsfsf] sf]ifaf6 ag]sf].+rfng ug{sf] nflu cfufdL cfly{s jif{sf] ah]6df . lgsf. 3/.kfs{ cflb . wf/f.. lzjfno.ldltsf] l.DklQ . -u_ gu/kflnsfsf] :jfldTjdf ePsf 3/.b:ox¿n] gu/kflnsfsf] a}7sdf efu lnPafkt gu/ kl/ifb\\n] tf]lslbPadf]lhdsf] a}7s eQf kfpg]5g\ .DklQsf] /]vb]v. -3_ k|rlnt jg. uf}r/.fj{hlgs 9n. !##= kfl/>lds / a}7s eQfM eQf -!_ k|d'v / pkk|d'vn] tf]lsPadf]lhd kfl/>lds kfpg]5g\ . a. kf6L. kfgL3f6. !#%= n]vf k/LIf0fM k/LIf0f -!_ gu/kflnssf] cfo / Joosf] cfGtl/s n]vf k/LIf0f cfkm}+n] ug]{5 . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] ./sf/sf] :jLs[lt lagf a]r– lavg ug{ jf c? s'g} Joxf]/fn] xsef]u 5f8\g kfpg] 5}g . af6f] / .dfj]z ug'{ kg]{5 ./sf/ jf lhNnf ljsf. :jLs[lt lagf a]r–lavg u/]df jf xs 5f]8L s. -ª_ k|fs[lts .8s. .kmfl/zdf gu/ kl/ifb\af6 5gf}6 ePsf btf{jfn n]vf k/LIfsaf6 u/fpg' kg]{5 . rf]s.'s} cj:yfdf klg :jtM ab/ x'g]5 .8ssf bfofF afFofsf ?v .cfDbfgL vr{sf] ljj/0f tyf cfufdL cfly{s jif{sf] of]hgf tyf sfo{qmd / cg'dflgt cfo / Joosf] ljj/0f v'nfpg' kg]{5 .Dkbf .ldltsf] lgoGq0fdf g/x]sf] . uNnL. !#!= ah]6sf] afFs L /sdM /sd Ps cfly{s jif{df vr{ x'g g. !#@= >]: tf /fVg]M -!_ gu/kflnsfn] gu/kflnsfsf] cfo / Joosf] >]:tf tf]lsPadf]lhd /fVg' kg]{5 . v/Lb ePsf] jf g]kfn .

lxt gu/ kl/ifb\df k|:t't ug'{ kg]{5 . P]nfgL hUuf jf af6f]sf] 5]pdf yfKg lbPsf c:yfoL k."n pk/ u/fpg' kg]{5 .DjGwdf c.fo s/ nufO{ c.'emfj. .]8 -5Kk/_ sf/vfgf.Sg]5 . !#&= axfn s/M s/ -!_ gu/kflnsf If]qleq s'g} 3/. kl/R5]b – * s/ z'N s.a} k|sf/sf] ."n ug{ .fo jf k]zfdf k"FhLut nufgL / cfly{s sf/f]af/sf] cfwf/df tf]lsPadf]lhd Joj. k|sf/.fo . agf}6 / . -%_ n]vf . 6x/f./sf/L afFsL. 61 .n.d]tsf] cfwf/df tf]lsPadf]lhd 3/–hUuf s/ nufpg .fj{hlgs cfjfudg / ."n km5\of}{6 ug]{ k|of]hgsf nflu k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd cfjZos sf/jfxL ug{ gu/kflnsfdf k7fpg]5 . Uof/]h.jf/L s/M s/ gu/kflnsfn] cfkm\gf] If]qleqsf tf]lsPsf] .xltsf] clGtd n]vf k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg k|d'vn] n]vf .ldltsf] /fo . /]vb]v jf .lxt k|fKt k|ltj]bgdf n]lvPsf a]?h'dWo] gu/ kl/ifb\n] lgoldt ug{ .jf/L s/ / cfkm\gf] If]qdf cfpg] .jf/L s/ nufpg . .-#_ clGtd n]vf k/LIf0f x'Fbf tof/ ul/Psf] cfly{s ljj/0f . hUuf jf kf]v/L k"/} jf cf+lzs tj/n] axfndf lbPsf]df gu/kflnsfn] axfn /sddf tf]lsPadf]lhd axfn s/ c.Sg]5 . !#(= . gu/ kl/ifb\n] lgoldt ug{ gldNg] a]?h'sf] . !#*= Joj.nx¿df tf]lsPadf]lhd axfn la6f}/L nufpg . k./L k|fKt ePsf]df gu/kflnsfn] .+rfng u/]sf] xf6 ahf/.ldltn] 5nkmn u/L cfk\mgf] /fo .]j f z'N s.ldltdf k7fpg' kg]{5 .jf/L btf{ tyf jflif{s . t/ ."n ug{ .'emfj.f] 3/n] rr]{sf] xftf sDkfp08 .Sg]5 .kmfOdf afwf k'Ug] u/L jf :yfoL k. uf]bfd./–./x c.Sg]5 . -@_ gu/kflnsfn] cfkm\gf] If]qleq cfkm"n] lgdf{0f. . b:t'/ / ef8f !#^= dfnkf]t tyf 3/ hUuf s/M s/ gu/kflnsfn] cfkm\gf] If]qleqsf] k|To]s 3/–hUufdf gu/ kl/ifb\af6 kfl/t ePadf]lhd 3/sf] cfsf/.jf/Ldf tf]lsPadf]lhd . -@_ gu/kflnsfn] gu/If]qleqsf] hUufdf tf]lsPadf]lhd dfnkf]t tyf e"lds/ nufpg .Sg]5 .Sg]5 . -$_ k|d'vaf6 k|fKt clGtd n]vf k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg dfly n]vf . o.jf/Ldf tf]lsPadf]lhd k6s] .Sg]5 .fj{hlgs :yn.n lgdf{0f ug{ lbg x'Fb}g .fwg s/M s/ gu/kflnsfn] cfkm\gf] If]qleq tf]lsPsf] Jofkf/ Joj.

8s.DklQ s/M s/ gu/kflnsfn] cfkm\gf] If]qleq tf]lsPsf] b/df PsLs[t . u]i6xfp.'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg g]kfn . .]jf z'Ns nufpg .'wf/ ug{ nfUg] vr{ lgwf{/0f u/L .]jf z'Ns p7fpg] sfd gu/kflnsfn] g]kfn .Sg]5 .Sg]5 . P]gdf cGoq h'g. rf]s.Sg]5 .. -#_ gu/kflnsfn] agfPsf jf . k'n.f/ cflbsf nflu /fVg lbg] . j}b]lzs s'6g}lts lgof]u jf Ph]G. k]6L. -^_ gu/kflnsfn] s.Sg]5 .'ljwf pknAw u/fP afkt .flos k|of]hgsf nflu k|of]udf NofPsf] lel8of]. :gfgu[x. xf]i6]n. lah'nL.kmfl/."n cflb 5"6M -!_ o.Sg]5 .'ljwfx¿ pknAw u/fpg] / . s]a'n cflbdf tf]lsPadf]lhd s/ nufpg .Sg]5 . zj bfx Joj:yf."n ug{ . !$$= kfls{ªu\ z'N s tyf b:t'/ M gu/kflnsfn] cfkm"n] Joj:yf u/]sf] . rf]s. !$^= s/.!$)= . :6n cflbdf s/ nufpg .DklQ s/ nufpg . !$@= Jofj. gfnL.L tyf nfesf] p2]Zo g/fvL . -&_ gu/kflnsfn] cfkm\gf] If]qleq tf]lsPsf] b/df ga9\g] u/L gu/kl/ifb\af6 kfl/t b/df aS.Sg]5 .Sg]5 .f+:s[lts k|bz{gxn h:tf dgf]/Ghg .flos lel8of] s/M s/ gu/kflnsfn] s'g} JolQm jf ./sf/. 9n lgsf.f] pkef]u ug]{ JolQmaf6 . lel8of]xn.Grfng u/]sf zf}rfno.Sg]5 . k|f]h]S6/. -@_ jf -#_ df pNN]v ePadf]lhdsf ./.8s./sf/sf] k"j{–:jLs[lt lnO{ lghL If]q dfkm{t jf lghL If]qnfO{ .fOgaf]8{.DalGwt pkef]Qmfx¿af6 jflif{s ¿kdf c. b:t'/ nufpg . uNnL. b:t'/ . kz' awzfnf.'ljwf pknAw u/fP afkt . xf6 ahf/. Jofofdzfnf.f] afkt nfUg] .DklQ d"Nof+Íg ubf{ tf]lsPadf]lhdsf] . aQL cflb dd{t . z'N s.Sg]5 .+3 62 .Sg]5 . !$%= . wf/f. cflb .]jf z'Ns lng . dx. :jLldËk'n.xefuL u/fO{ ug{ . -@_ gu/kflnsfn] gu/ If]qdf kmf]x/ d}nf Joj:yfkg. !$!= dgf]/ Ghg s/M s/ gu/kflnsf If]qdf /x]sf] :jLs[t l.+:yfn] Jofj.kmfO.jf/L kfs{df tf]lsPadf]lhd kfls{Ë z'Ns nufpg .+rfng x'g] . .fj{hlgs 6]lnkmf]g / To:t} cGo .'ljwf pknAw u/fP afkt .Sg]5 . ko{6sLo :yn.d]t . 9n. -$_ pkbkmf -!_.fj{hlgs :yndf lj1fkg. !$#= lj1fkg s/M s/ gu/kflnsfn] cfkm\gf] If]qsf . -%_ gu/kflnsfn] lgdf{0f u/]sf] .]jf z'Ns lng . Unf]af]8{. wf]jL3f6 / To:t} cGo .]jf z'Ns nufpg .]j f z'N s tyf tyf b:t"/ M -!_ s'g} gu/kflnsfn] vfg]kfgL. .f}gL tyf l. kfs{. k|rf/k|.g]dfxn.fwgdf tf]lsPadf]lhd dgf]/Ghg s/ nufpg . .}sf] crn .

+3 .+:yfnfO{ gu/kflnsfsfn] . kl/R5]bdf æejg lgdf{0fÆ eGgfn] gofF ejg agfpg]. z'Ns jf dx. 63 . kl/R5]bdf æ.ldltn] k}7f/L u/]sf] dfn .+:yfaf6 C[0f ./sf/L sfof{noÆ eGgfn] ."n nufpg kfpg] 5}g . df]x8f km]g]{ jf ./sf/sf] k"0f{ jf cf+lzs :jfldTj ePsf] .jf]{Rr cbfnt.lxt tf]lsPsf] 9fFrfdf gu/kflnsf. z'N s jf dx.fdfgdf gu/kflnsfn] s'g} s/. t/ To:tf] 5"6 g]kfn .+./sf/L sfof{no / cbfnt . z'Ns. P]gcGtu{t ag]sf lgodx¿ ljkl/t s'g} klg k|sf/sf] s/. dxfn]vf k/LIfs.DalGwt JolQmnfO{ lkmtf{ a'emfpg] cfb]z lbg . b:t'/.f/ cfkm\gf] xs ef]usf] .+rflnt kl/of]hgfsf] nflu g]kfn .]jf pknAw u/fPafkt nfUg] . kl/R5]b – ( ejg lgdf{0 f .Sg]5 . nf]s.+j}wflgs lgsfosf] sfof{no / zfxL g]kfnL . :ki6Ls/0fM :ki6Ls/0f o. bnfg.d]t ."n nufpg kfpg] 5}g ."n p7fpg kfpg]5}g / p7fPdf g]kfn . 9f]sf.}n] klg ejg lgdf{0f ug{ x'Fb}g ."nsf] /sd . sf}zL.+:yfsf] Jofkfl/s sf/f]af/nfO{ k|fKt x'g] 5}g ."n lng gkfpg]M gu/kflnsfn] of] P]g jf o. !$&= P]g . . 6x/f ta]nf jf Uof/]h agfpg] jf sDkfp08jfn nufpg] sfo{ ./sf/n] . z'Ns jf dx. -@_ ljb]zL C[0f jf . b:t'/.fk6L lng . b:t'/ .]jf z'Ns afx]s cGos/ b:t'/.DawL Joj:yf !$(= cg'd lt glnO{ ejg lgdf{0 f ug{ gx'g ]M gu/kflnsf If]qdf k|d'vaf6 ejg lgdf{0f ug]{ cg'dlt glnO{ s..xfotfaf6 . lgod ljkl/t s/.Demg' kb{5 . dx./sf/ jf s'g} ljsf.dIf b/vf:t lbg'kg]{5 . tNnf yk ug]{. /fhkl/ifb\\.fljsdf yk36 u/L em\ofn.]gf Pj+ g]kfn k|x/Lnufotsf .Demg'kb{5 . !%)= cg'd ltsf] nflu b/vf:tM b/vf:t -!_ gu/kflnsf If]qdf ejglgdf{0f ug{ rfxg] JolQm jf .f] sfo{nfO{ /f]Sg / To. :ki6Ls/0f :ki6Ls/0fM i6Ls/0f o. !$*= C[0 f lng .b\. . k'/fgf] ejg eTsfO{ k'gM lgdf{0f ug]{.+:yfg jf . b:t'/./sf/sf] hdfgLdf a}+s jf cGo s'g} . clVtof/ b'¿kof]u cg'./sf/L sfof{non] ejglgdf{0f ug]{ cg'dltsf] nflu ejgsf] gSzf.Sg]M gu/kflnsfn] gu/ kl/ifb\af6 :jLs[t gLlt cg'. z'Ns dx.Sg]5 .]jf cfof]u tyf cGo .+3 ./L p7fPsf] s/.DklQ lwtf] /fvL jf g/fvL jf g]kfn .a} .Gwfg cfof]u. afb{nL.

"rgf 6fF:g]. .h{ldg d'r'Nsf tof/ u/L b/vf:tdf pNn]v ePadf]lhd ejg lgdf{0f ug{ ldNg] gldNg] Joxf]/f v'nfO{ To.dIf k|ltj]bg k]z ug'{ kg]{5 .fdf v'nfpg' kg]{5 . !%!= gS.f k]z ug{ gldNg] ePdf b/vf:tdf ejgsf] nDafO{.fÆ eGgfn] ejg lgdf{0f . prfO{ / tNnf tyf hDdf If]qkmn dfq pNn]v ug{ .d]t ./hldgdf pkl:yt ePsf JolQmn] eg]sf s'/fx¿ .Sg]5 .f] ejgsf] 5'6[} lsnf. 64 . /xg] u/L gS.'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg ejg lgdf{0f ug]{ cg'dltsf] nflu b/vf:t lbFbf . !%$= k|l tj] tj]b g k]z ug]{M bkmf !%# sf] v08 -v_ adf]lhd vl6Psf sd{rf/Lx¿n] ejg lgdf{0f ug{ ldNg] gldNg] s'/fsf] hfFra'em ug]{ .f / c?sf] xs ef]usf] hUufdf lgdf{0f ug]{ eP lghsf] xs ef]usf] lg:.fdf v'nfpg' kg]{M gofF ejg lgdf{0f ug]{ gS.}nfO{ lk/ dsf{ kg]{ eP cfkm"nfO{ dsf{ k/]sf] ljj/0f v'nfO{ kGw| lbgleq ph"/ ug{ cfpg' egL cfkm\gf] sfof{nodf.Demg' kb{5 ./sf/L lgsfon] /fli6«o . rf}8fO{.DjGwL /]vflrq.+lwof/sf] 3/ b}nf]df / ejg lgdf{0f x'g] 7fpFdf .+lwof/ s.lxt d~h'/Lsf] lnvt k]z ug'{ kg]{5 .Fu hf]8L agfpg] ePdf .h{ldg ubf{ . :ki6Ls/0fM :ki6Ls/0f o. -v_ v08 -s_ adf]lhdsf] ./L hfFra'em ug{ vl6Psf] ldltn] kGw| lbgleq gu/kflnsf.slk6 tyf To:tf] ejg csf]{ ejg.o/ / cGo sd{rf/L .Gbe{df .d]t v'nfO{ .-@_ pkbkmf -!_ df h'g.f jf d~h'/ Lsf] lnvt k]z ug'{ kg]{M ejg lgdf{0f ug]{ cg'dltsf] nflu bkmf !%) adf]lhd b/vf:t lbFbf cfkm\gf] xs ef]usf] hUufdf lgdf{0f ug]{ eP xs ef]usf] lg:."rgfdf pNn]lvt Dofb gf3]sf] tLg lbgleq OlGhlgo/ jf cf]e/l.a}n] b]Vg] u/L .ft lbgleq k|d'vn] ejg lgdf{0f ug]{ cg'dlt lbg' kg]{5.f. !%@= xs ef]u sf] lg:.fdf cGo s'/fx¿sf] cltl/Qm . !%#= hfFr a'e m ug]{M ejg lgdf{0f ug]{ cg'dltsf] nflu bkmf !%) adf]lhd b/vf:t k/]kl5 . kl/R5]bdf ægS.f] ejgsf] 5'6[} rkL{ / .'/Iffsf] b[li6n] ejgsf] gS.f] b/vf:t l/t k"j{ssf] 5 5}g hfFra'em u/L s'g} l/t gk'u]sf] eP .ft lbgleq gu/kflnsfn] b]xfoadf]lhd ug'{ kg]{5M– -s_ To:tf] ejgsf] lgdf{0faf6 .+o'Qm ¿kdf v6fO{ b/vf:tdf pNn]v ePadf]lhd ejg lgdf{0f ug{ ldNg] gldNg] s'/fsf] hfFr ug{ nufpg] .f] k'¥ofpg nufO{ l/t k"j{ssf] b/vf:t k/]sf] . !%%= cg'd lt lbg]M -!_ bkmf !%# sf] v08 -s_ adf]lhd ph"/ gk/]sf]df bkmf !%$ adf]lhd k|ltj]bg k|fKt ePsf] ldltn] . ljj/0f / cGo sfuhkq .

f kf.f .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg bkmf !%$ adf]lhd k|fKt k|ltj]bg cg'.Sg]5 . t/ To:tf] hUuf dWo] s]xL efudf dfq ljjfb k/]sf] / To:tf] ljjfb k/] hltsf] hUufdf cbfntaf6 7x/]adf]lhd x'g] u/L afFsL hUufdf ejg lgdf{0f ug{ d~h'/ u/L csf]{ gS.Sg]5 . -$_ o.Sg]M -!_ k|d'vn] bkmf !%% adf]lhd Dofbleq cg'dlt glbPdf To:tf] Dofb gf3]sf] ldltn] / bkmf !%* adf]lhd lbPsf] ."rgfdf lrQ ga'em]df To:tf] .fdf x]/km]/ ug{ :jLs[lt lbg ."rgf lbg]M bkmf !%& df h'g. !%&= gS. u/L lbg' kg]{5 . lbgleq k|d'vn] cg'dlt lbg' kg]{5 .lxt b/vf:t lbPdf To:tf] b/vf:t k|fKt ePsf] ldltn] kGw| lbgleq k|d'vn] cg'dlt lbg ."rgf lbg' kg]{5 . df]x8f abNg] jf nDafO{. of]hgf / k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd lgwf{l/t dfkb08 cg's"n x'g] u/L gS.dIf ph"/ lbg . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd k|d'vn] s'g} ejgsf] gS."rgf kfPsf] ldltn] k}+tL.fdf cfjZos yk36 u/L kf.Sg]5 . ePsf] gS. bkmfadf]lhd ejg lgdf{0f ug]{ cg'dlt lb+bf gu/kflnsfn] tf]lslbPadf]lhdsf] b:t'/ lng' kg]{5 . -#_ bkmf !%# sf] v08 -s_ adf]lhd k/]sf] ph"/Laf6 ejg lgdf{0f ug]{ hUufdf t]/f] d]/f] k/L xs a]xs 5'6\ofpg' kg]{ b]lvg cfPdf To:tf] ph"/L k/]sf] ldltn] k}+tL.d]t kf.sf] sf/0f v'nfO{ To:tf] k|ltj]bg k|fKt ePsf] ldltn] . !%*= .-@_ bkmf !%# sf] v08 -s_ adf]lhd ph"/ k/]sf]df . !%(= ph"/ L lbg .f.DalGwt kIfx¿nfO{ ./sf/L lgsfonfO{ .'gfpg' kg]{5 .ft lbgleq bkmf !%) adf]lhd ejg lgdf{0f ug{ cg'dltsf] nflu b/vf:t lbg] JolQm jf .fdf kl5 s]xL x]/km]/ ug'{ k/]df tNnf yKg].f kf.fdf x]/ km]/ ug]{M bkmf !%^ adf]lhd kf./ gkg]{ u/L cGo s'/f ug{sf] nflu k|d'vn] gS. lbgleq bkmf !%) adf]lhd ejg lgdf{0f ug{ cg'dltsf] nflu b/vf:t lbg] JolQm jf lgsfon] gu/kflnsf. ug{ . ug]{M -!_ bkmf !%% adf]lhd k|d'vn] s'g} ejg lgdf{0f ug{ cg'dlt lbFbf To:tf] ejgsf] gS.f/ jf cGo s'g} sf/0fn] s'g} ejg lgef{0f ug{ cg'dlt lbg gldNg] ePdf k|d'vn] To. 65 . ubf{ ef}lts ljsf. rf}8fO{ a9fpg] s'/f afx]s k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd lgwf{l/t dfkb08df k|lts"n c.DalGwt kIfnfO{ af]nfO{ tYo s'/f kQf nufO{ xs a]xsdf lg0f{o lbg' kg]{ cj:yfdf afx]s bkmf !%$ adf]lhd k|ltj]bg k|fKt ePsf] ldltn] tL. !%^= gS.Sg]5 . lbgleq cbfntdf ph"/ ug{ hfg' egL krf{ v8f u/L .

kf]v/L cflb ldrL ejg lgdf{0f u/]sf] jf ul//x]sf] 7x/]df k|d'vn] . -#_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd s'g} b/vf:t k/]df k|d'vn] klxn] nfu]sf] b:t'/sf] kfFr k|ltzt b:t'/ lnO{ b'O{ jif{sf] nflu ejg lgdf{0f ug]{ Dofb yk ul/lbg . 66 .dIf b/vf:t lbg' kg]{5 .Sg]5M– -s_ To:tf] ejg lgdf{0f ug{ o. -^_ pkbkmf -$_ jf -%_ adf]lhd cfb]z lbg' cl3 k|d'vn] To:tf] ejg lgdf{0f ug]{ JolQmnfO{ cfkm\gf] . -v_ To:tf] ejg o. 5}g . gfnf.}n] o.fj{hlgs hUuf.f/ s.-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd s'g} ph"/L k/]df gu/kflnsfn] tYo s'/f a'emL cg'dlt lbg' kg]{ b]lvPdf oyfzLl3| cg'dlt lbgsf] nflu k|d'vnfO{ lgb]{zg lbg' kg]{5 .f/ s.sf] s'g} efu eTsfpg] cfb]z lbg' kg]{5 .f/ lgdf{0f ePsf] jf eO/x]sf] 5.kmfO{ k]z ug]{ dgfl. P]gadf]lhd kf. P]gadf]lhd cg'dlt glbO{ jf . gfnf. / -u_ To:tf] ejgn] .DaGwdf b]xfosf] s'/fx¿sf] hfFra'em ug{ k|d'vn] s'g} OlGhlgo/. af6f].f cg'. -$_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd k]z ePsf] k|ltj]bg cg'.Sg]5 . af6f]. P]gadf]lhd kf.lxtsf] k|ltj]bg k|d'v. -#_ ejg lgdf{0f ug]{ JolQm / ejg lgdf{0f sfo{.sf] s'g} efu eTsfpg] cfb]z lbg .f] ejg jf To. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] Dofbleq ejg lgdf{0f ug{ g. dlGb/. dlGb/.dIf k]z ug'{ kg]{5 .o/ jf sd{rf/LnfO{ v6fpg . rf]s.f]w]sf] k|Zgsf] hjfkm lbg' / dfu]sf] sfuhkq lbg' jf b]vfpg' / cfjZos . ePsf] gS.fj{hlgs hUuf.}n] o.Dd hl/afgf ug{ jf . P]gadf]lhd cg'dlt lnPsf] 5. 5}g.}n] lgdf{0f u/]sf] jf ul//x]sf] ejgsf] .'emfj.fdf k|d'vsf] :jLs[lt a]u/ x]/km]/ u/L ejg lgdf{0f u/]sf] jf ul//x]sf] 7x/]df k|d'vn] Ps nfv ?k}ofF. rf]s.a}n] pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd hfFra'em ug{ cfpg] JolQmnfO{ lghn] . P]gadf]lhd s'g} ejg lgdf{0f ug{ cg'dlt kfPsf]df To.Sg]5 . 9n.s]df Dofb yksf] nflu gu/kflnsf. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd hfFra'em ug{ vl6Psf] JolQmn] To. kf]v/L cflb ldr]sf] 5.f] ejg jf To.xof]u k'¥ofpg' kg]{5 . ePsf] gS.DalGwt . 9n. -%_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd k]z ePsf] k|ltj]bg cg'.a df}sf lbg' kg]{5 .Fu ./L cg'dlt kfPsf] ldltn] b'O{ jif{leq To:tf] ejg lgdf{0f ug'{ kg]{5 . 5}g ./L vl6Psf] ldltn] kGw| lbgleq k|rlnt sfg"gsf] l/t k'¥ofO{ hfFra'em u/L cfkm\gf] . !^!= hfFra'e m / sf/afxLM sf/afxL -!_ gu/kflnsf If]qdf s. cf]e/l. !^)= ejg lgdf{0 f ug'{ kg]{ cjlwM cjlw -!_ o.

Sg]5M– -s_ csf{nfO{ b'Mv lbg] lgotn] afwf cj/f]w k'¥ofpg] u/L 9n lgsf.Dd hl/jfgf ug{ .]km\6L6\of+sL agfpg]. kvf{n jf 3/.sf] s'g} efu eTsfpg .b:onfO{ k|Tofof]hg ug{ . ."n u/L kGw| xhf/ ?k}+of.hfo ug{ . lbgleq .Sg]5 / To:tf] k'g/fj]bgsf] .DalGwt c6]/ ug]{ JolQm.DalGwt JolQmn] To:tf] ejg jf To."n ug]{M -!_ bkmf !^! sf] pkbkmf -$_ jf -%_ adf]lhd s'g} ejg jf To. 67 .}n] csf{nfO{ cK7]/f] kfg]{ lgot /fvL ?v nufpg] jf kvf{n nufpg] jf 3/ 6x/f lgdf{0f ug]{ h:tf sfd u/]df gu/kflnsfn] To:tf] ?v.!^@= k'g /fj]b gM g bkmf !^! sf] pkbkmf -$_ jf -%_ adf]lhd k|d'vn] lbPsf] cfb]zdf lrQ ga'em\g] JolQmn] To:tf] cfb]z kfPsf] ldltn] k}+tL. P]g adf]lhd cfkm"nfO{ k|fKt clwsf/ pk–k|d'v jf cGo s'g} .f] cfb]zadf]lhd gx6fPdf gu/kflnsfn] dflg. 6x/f x6fpg cfb]z lbg . /fVg] h:tf sfo{ u/]df gu/kflnsfn] To:tf] sfo{ /f]Sg. .Sg]5 .DalGwt cfb]z gdfGg] JolQmaf6 c. lbgleq / k'g/fj]bg gk/]sf]df k'g/fj]bg ug]{ Dofb gf3]sf] ldltn] k}+tL.Sg]5 / .Sg]5 . -v_ gu/kflnsf If]qleq s.Sg]M -!_ gu/kflnsfn] b]xfosf] ljifodf b]xfoadf]lhd . k7fO{ x6fpg . eTsfpg jf x6fpg gdfg]df gu/kflnsfn] dflg.Sg]5 .DalGwt JolQmaf6 c.sf] s'g} efu geTsfPdf gu/kflnsfn] g} To:tf] ejg jf To.Sg]5 ./L eTsfpFbf jf x6fpFbf nfu]sf] vr{ ."n u/L kGw| xhf/ ?k}ofF.Fu c.f] cfb]zadf]lhd /f]Sg.hfo ug{ .Sg]5 / To. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] Dofbleq . !^#= ejg eTsfpg] / nfu]s f] vr{ c./L eTsfpFbf nfu]sf] vr{ . lbgleq k'g/fj]bg cbfntdf k'g/fj]bg lbg . o.Dd hl/jfgf ug{ ./L x6fpFbf nfu]sf] vr{ .DalGwt JolQmn] k|d'vsf] cfb]z jf k'g/fj]bg cbfntsf] lg0f{oadf]lhd To:tf] ejg jf To:sf] s'g} efu eTsfpg' kg]{5 . o.sf] s'g} efu eTsfpg] cfb]z ePdf To:tf] cfb]z pk/ bkmf !^@ adf]lhd k'g/fj]bg k/]sf]df k'g/fj]bg cbfntaf6 To:tf] ejg jf To."n pk/ ul/g]5 .Sg]5 ..sf] s'g} efu eTsfpg] u/L lg0f{o ePsf] ldltn] k}+tL. !^$= clwsf/ k|Tofof]hgM g k|d'vn] o.DaGwdf k'g/fj]bg cbfntaf6 ePsf] lg0f{o clGtd x'g]5 . eTsfpg jf x6fpg cfb]z lbg .hfo !^%= gu/kflnsfn] . rkL{. k7fO{ /f]Sg eTsfpg jf x6fpg .Sg]5 . kl/R5]b – !) b08 .

"n u/L kGw| xhf/ ?k}ofF.}n] s'g} lsl. b:t'/. -h_ gu/kflnsfn] cfkm\gf] If]qleqsf k.nx¿df d"No–.DalGwt JolQmaf6 c. Jofkf/ Joj.}n] xfgL gf]S.DalGwt JolQmnfO{ kGw| xhf/ ?k}ofF. rf]sdf kmf]x/ d}nf kmfn]df jf jftfj/0f b'u{lGwt x'g] sfo{ u/]df gu/kflnsfn] kGw| xhf/ ?k}ofF.t c.hfo tf]s]sf]df . -r_ s.L k}7f/L nufotsf sf/f]af/ /f]Ssf ug{ .Sg]5 .fgL u/]df jf cltqmd0f jf ckrng u/]df jf . -@_ gu/kflnsfn] 7]s]sf] jf nufPsf] s/.d]t ."n pk/ ug{ jf . -ª_ gu/kflnsf If]qleqsf .}n] cfkm\gf] 3/.Sg]5 / . -5_ gu/kflnsf If]qleq s.Dd hl/jfgf u/L To:tf] xfgL gf]S.Sg]5 .naGbL tyf tfnfaGbL ug{ / lgsf.s]df gu/kflnsfn] 68 .DalGwt JolQml.fgLsf] ljuf] . -v_ gu/kflnsfn] o.Dd hl/jfgf ug{ .fljs cj:yfdf tof/ ug{ nufpg . b:t'/.DklQ s.DklQsf] :jfldTj x:tfGt/0f /f]Ssf ug{ . dx.Sg]5 .fdfg x6fpg nufO{ kGw| xhf/ ?k}ofF.fodf l. z'Ns.-u_ gu/kflnsf If]qleq lglb{i6 :yfgdf kmf]xf]/ d}nf gkmfnL htftt} kmfn]df To:tf] kmf]x/ d}nf x6fpg nfUg] vr{ .Sg]5 . -3_ gu/kflnsfsf] Ohfht a]u/ s.t c.Dd hl/jfgf ug{ .fj{hlgs af6f] jf :yfg 3]g]{ jf /f]Sg] cfjt hfjtdf cj/f]w v8f ug]{ sfd u/]df 3]/f."n tyf c.Dd hl/jfgf ug{ .Sg]5 .Dd hl/jfgf u/L To:tf] xfgL gf]S.Sg]5 / .DalGwt lgsfonfO{ n]Vg. l5d]sLsf] 3/.fj{hlgs .fj{hlgs .Dd hl/jfgf ug{ .DalGwt k. sf/f]af/ jf h]yf /f]Ssf ubf{ klg p7\g g.fljs cj:yfdf tof/ ug{ nufpg ."n ug{ afFsL cGo s'g} /sd s'g} JolQmn] ga'emfPdf gu/kflnsfn] b]xfoadf]lhdsf] sf/jfxL ug{ .Sg]5M -s_ o.f] cfb]z gdfg]df . z'Ns tyf c. af/ / cj/f]wsf .Sg]5 . P]gadf]lhd p7fpg kfpg] s/.f]xLadf]lhd / gtf]s]sf]df gu/kflnsfn] kGw| xhf/ ?k}ofF.+/rgf ljuf/]df k|rlnt sfg"gn] . cf+ug. crn .fgLsf] ljuf] .dfhdf zflGt e+u x'g] lqmofsnfk u/]df gu/kflnsfn] To:tf] sfo{ gug{ jf pks/0f x6fpg kg]{df x6fpg] cfb]z lbg ."rL g/fv]df . hUuf."rL /fVg cfb]z lbg .n wgLnfO{ kGw| xhf/ ?k}ofF."n pk/ ug{ jf .}n] ."n ug{ afFsL cGo /sd s'g} JolQmn] ga'emfPdf To:tf] JolQmsf] rn.DjlGwt JolQmsf] 3/.dsf] oGq h8fg u/L jf s'g} pks/0f jf dgf]/Ghgsf . P]g adf]lhd p7fpg kfpg] /sd v08 -s_ adf]lhd .Sg]5 .fwgåf/f 5/l5d]s jf .f] adf]lhd d"No–.DalGwt JolQml.

"nLML o. -^_ o.hfo ug{ . bkmfadf]lhd gu/kflnsfn] u/]sf] . -&_ o."n ug{ afFsL cGo s'g} /sd ga'emfPdf gu/kflnsfn] pknAw u/fPsf] .dIf ph"/ ug{ .Sg]5 . bkmf cGtu{t ."n pk/ ug{ .nl. P]g cGtu{tsf] sfd sf/f]af/sf] l.f] sfo{ ug{ g. P]g cGtu{t ag]sf] lgod. 69 .nfdf s'g} 7]s]bf/n] /fv]sf] w/f}6L jf hdfgt . lbgleq k|d'v.Sg]5 . -#_ pkbkmf -@_ sf] v08 -v_ jf -u_ adf]lhd gu/kflnsfn] lnnfd laqmL ubf{ k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd ug'{ kg]{5 .hfo tf]lsPdf .lghsf] 3/.]jf To:tf] JolQmsf] xsdf aGb ug{ .Sg]5 .Dd hl/jfgf ug{ . P]gdf cGoyf Joj:yf ePsf]df afx]s k}+tL.DalGwt lhNnf cbfntdf k'g/fj]bg ug{ . ljlgod jf cfb]zsf] pNn+3g u/L s. P]g adf]lhd gu/kflnsfn] u/]sf] b08 hl/jfgf bkmf @^) adf]lhdsf] k|lqmof ckgfO{ c.}n] s'g} sfd u/]df o. dx.'n tyf c.b:o jf gu/kflnsfsf s'g} sd{rf/Ln] lbPsf] cfb]z jf cx|fPsf] sfd pk/ lrQ ga'em\g] JolQmn] o.s]sf]df k'gM . -$_ o.DaGwL Joj:yf !^&= ph"/ LML -!_ ."n pk/ ul/g]5 .Sg]5 .s]sf] cj:yfdf gu/kflnsfn] To:tf] w/f}6L hkmt u/L jf hdfgt lnnfd laqmL u/L c. -u_ o.f]xL s. b:t'/. z'Ns. -%_ of] P]g jf o.DalGwt JolQmnfO{ lkmtf{ lbg' kg]{5 .hfodf lrQ ga'em\g] kIfn] To:tf] lg0f{o yfxf kfPsf] ldltn] k}+tL.Sg]5 . t/ hkmt jf lnnfd laqmL u/L k|fKt x'g cfPsf] /sd To:tf] JolQmn] gu/kflnsfnfO{ a'emfpg' kg]{ /sd eGbf a9L x'g cfPdf a9L ePsf] /sd . hUuf jf cGo s'g} h]yf eP ."n pk/ ug{ .f]xLadf]lhd / gtf]lsPsf]df gu/kflnsfn] Ps xhf/ ?k}ofF. lbgleq . kl/R5]b – !! ph"/ L / tT. !^^= b08 hl/jfgfsf] c. P]gadf]lhd ltg'{ a'emfpg' kg]{ s/.hfo kfO{.f] lnnfd laqmL u/L c. P]gdf cGoq b08 .Sg]5 ."/ bf]xf]¥ofO{ ug]{nfO{ gu/kflnsfn] k6s} lkR5] bf]Aa/ .Sg]5 .

.+Vof g36\g] u/L sDtLdf gf} / a9Ldf .f/ jf k|rlnt sfg"gn] lbPsf] clwsf/ k|of]u u/L u/]sf] s'g} sfdsf] . ab/ jf kl/jt{g ug{ . pQm Dofbleq k|d'vn] lg0f{o gu/]df .Sg]5 . !&!= lhNnf ljsf. If]q tf]Sg]M g]kfn .-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd ph"/ k/]df To:tf] ph"/ k/]sf] gAa] lbgleq k|d'vn] lg0f{o u/L lbg' kg]{5 .g P]g. pk– k|d'v jf gu/kflnsfn] s'g} sfddf nufPsf] JolQmn] of] P]g jf o.Sg]5}gM– -s_ d'2f rnfpg] sf/0f / jfbL x'g]sf] jf lghsf] jfl/. If]q tf]Sg . k|d'v.Sg]5 ./sf/n] of] P]g k|f/De x'Fbfsf] avt sfod ePsf] Onfsf ./sf/n] u/]sf] lg0f{o clGtd x'g]5 . If]q / Onfsf ljefhg !&)= lhNnf ljsf. -#_ pkbkmf -!_ jf -@_ adf]lhd ph"/L k/]kl5 k|d'v jf g]kfn .DalGwt JolQmn] g]kfn .}sf] ph"/L k/]kl5 To:tf] ph"/Ldf lg0f{o lbg] clwsf/Lsf] cfb]zn] . !^(= st{Jo kfng ubf{ jf clwsf/ k|of]u ubf{ c. -$_ pkbkmf -#_ adf]lhd k|d'v jf g]kfn ./sf/n] cfjZos hfFra'em u/L To:tf] cfb]z .DaGwdf gu/kflnsf. / -v_ d'2f rnfpg] sf/0f ePsf] tLg dxLgfleq d'2f bfo/ geO{ . eP To.q Onfsfdf ljefhg ug]{5 . ."rgf gu/kflnsf. k|d'v.ldlt . If]qnfO{ g]kfn ./sf/n] :yfgLo k|zf. !^*= d'2 f rnfpg] xbDofbM xbDofb of] P]g jf o.Sg]5 .b:o jf sd{rf/L jf gu/kflnsfn] sfddf nufPsf] JolQmnfO{ a'emfPsf] jf x'nfsåf/f /lhi6«/ u/L k7fPsf] Ps dlxgf ggf3L.lsg]5 . 70 . . @)@* adf]lhd sfod ePsf] k|To]s lhNnfnfO{ lhNnf ljsf. pk–k|d'v./sf/. pk–k|d'v.DalGwt sfd sf/afxL d'ntjL /fVg .hfosf] efuL x'g]5}g .b/. -%_ pkbkmf -!_ jf -@_ adf]lhd s.sf] gfd / 7]ufgf vf]nL lnlvt .n lgotn] u/]sf]df .b:o jf sd{rf/L jf gu/kflnsfn] sfddf nufPsf] JolQm pk/ b]xfodf n]lvP adf]lhd geO{ d'2f rNg .dIf ph"/ ug{ . P]g cGtu{t ag]sf lgod jf ljlgodadf]lhd ug'{ kg]{ st{Jo kfngf ubf{ jf kfPsf] clwsf/ k|of]u ubf{ c.DjGwL Joj:yf kl/R5]b – ! lhNnf ljsf. If]q sf] Onfsf ljefhgM ljefhg -!_ k|To]s lhNnf ljsf. P]g cGtu{t ag]sf lgod jf ljlgod cg'. efu – $ lhNnf ljsf.n lgotn] sfd u/]d f aarfp rfpM rfp k|d'v.

b:o.ldltsf cWoIf / pkfWoIf .dfgf x]/km]/ ubf{ lgjf{rg x'g] .DkGg ePdf .lxt .b:ox¿.dfKt ePsf] dflgg]5 / gjlgjf{lrt .b:ox¿.Ldfgf x]/km]/ ug'{ k/]df g]kfn .b:osf] kbfjlw u0fgf ubf{ kbfjlw z'? x'g] . t/.Sg]5 .b:osf] kbfjlw .-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd ljeflht lhNnf ljsf./x dfgL kbfjlwsf] u0fgf ul/g]5 .fGtdf kbfjlw . -@_ lhNnf kl/ifb\sf .s]sf ju{sf bkmf !&$ adf]lhd lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] . . kb]g .fn eGbf Ps jif{ cufj} ul/. -@_ lhNnf kl/ifb\df b]xfoadf]lhdsf .DalGwt ljz]if1 ./L l.fdflhs b[li6sf]0fn] lk5l8Psf hflt. -$_ s'g} sf/0fjz lgwf{l/t .fnsf] >fj0f ! ut]b]lv u0fgf ul/g]5 / kfFr jif{sf] kbfjlw ga9fO{ k|To]s kfFrf} jif{sf] cfiff9 d.fljssf] . hghflt.b:osf] kbfjlw .ldltsf] l.dodf eP klg To:tf .f] .kmfl/z Pj+ lhNnf kl/ifb\\sf] k/fdz{df lgjf{rg cfof]usf] :jLs[lt lnO{ l. -v_ lhNnfleqsf gu/kflnsfsf k|d'v / pk–k|d'v. blnt tyf cflbjf./sf/n] .L dWo] lhNnf kl/ifb\df k|ltlglwTj x'g g. If]qdf Ps lhNnf kl/ifb\ u7g ul/g]5 . o.Sg' kg]{5 .b:osf] kbfjlw kfFr jif{sf] x'g]5 .d]t /x]sf] . If]qsf] Onfsfx¿sf] .b:osf] nflu rflxg] of]Uotf k'u]sf JolQmx¿dWo]af6 lhNnf kl/ifb\åf/f dgf]gLt 5 hgf JolQmx¿ .dodf s'g} lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] .b:ox¿ /xg]5g\M– -s_ lhNnfleqsf k|To]s ufpF ljsf. bkmf adf]lhd . kl/R5]b – @ lhNnf kl/ifb\ kl/ifb \ .b:o kbsf] lgjf{rg jf lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] .]jL cfly{s tyf .DaGwL . -3_ lhNnfleqsf k|ltlglw .dfh.dodf lgjf{lrt jf dgf]gLt eP. -u_ lhNnf ljsf. -ª_ lhNnfleqsf Pshgf dlxnf.dfKt ePsf] dflgg]5 .+rfng ug]{ clwsf/ x'g]5 .dfgf x]/km]/ ug{ . -#_ pkbkmf -!_ / -@_ df h'g.ldltsf . !&#= lhNnf kl/ifb\ \s f] .b:osf] nflu lgjf{rg .ef / /fli6«o .b:osf] kbfjlwM kl/ifb sf] kbfjlw -!_ lhNnf kl/ifb\sf . . 71 .DaG wL Joj:yf !&@= lhNnf kl/ifb\ \s f] u7gM kl/ifb sf] u7g -!_ bkmf !&) adf]lhd tf]lsPsf] lhNnf ljsf.b:osf] kbfjlw u0fgf ubf{ lgwf{l/t .ldlt u7g u/L .b:ox¿nfO{ g} sfo{ .b:osf] dgf]gog x'g g.efsf .sL c? .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg o.dfKt x'g' cufj} gofF .

b:otf sfod g/xg]M b]xfosf] cj:yfdf lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] . . -3_ lhNnf ljsf.f] l/Qm kbsf] k"lt{ lgjf{lrt . 72 .ldltnfO{ a'emfpg' kg]{ .hfo e'Qmfg u/]sf] tLg jif{ JotLt ePsf].s]sf].j df}sf glbO{ lghsf] .hfo kfPsf] eP To:tf] . -5_ s'g} sfg"gn] cof]Uo gePsf] .efsf] . -v_ cfkm" a.a} lhG.b:o kbsf] nflu k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd pk– lgjf{rgåf/f / dgf]gLt .DaGwL Jojxf/df s'g} lghL :jfy{ gePsf].kmfO{ k]z ug]{ dgfl. t/.a dflkmssf] ."rgf glbO{ nuftf/ tLg k6s. ul/cfPsf] If]q .Dd lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] a}7sdf cg'kl:yt /x]df.Fu 7]Ssf k6[f jf rn crn . t/– -!_ kb l/Qm ePsf] ldltn] Ps jif{leq pk–lgjf{rg jf dgf]gog ul/. -u_ k|ltlglw . t/ To:tf] . -@_ Ps jif{eGbf sd cjlwsf] nflu pk–lgjf{rg jf dgf]gog ul/g] 5}g . -ª_ ."nL ePsf] k|df0f k]z u/]df of] v08 nfu" x'g] 5}g .f]af.DalGwt lhNnf ljsf.b:odf dgf]gLt ePdf. -r_ g}lts ktg b]lvg] kmf}hbf/L cleof]udf . c.b:osf] nflu rflxg] of]U otfM kl/ifb sf] otf lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] .-%_ s'g} lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] . ."rgf lbOg] 5}g .b:osf] kbsf] nflu dgf]gogåf/f ul/g]5 . !&%= lhNnf kl/ifb\ \s f] . -v_ PSsfO{.Sg' kg]{5 .DklQ . If]qaf6 lemlsPdf jf cGo If]qdf uflePdf.b:otf sfod kl/ifb sf] /xg] 5}gM– -s_ bkmf !&$ adf]lhdsf] of]Uotf gePdf. !&$= lhNnf kl/ifb\ \s f] .ldlt.b:osf] kb s'g} sf/0fjz l/Qm x'g cfPdf afFsL cjlwsf] nflu dfq .b:onfO{ .fj{hlgs .b:o x'gsf] nflu b]xfoadf]lhdsf] of]Uotf k'u]sf] x'g' kg]{5M– -s_ g]kfnL gful/s ePsf].DklQ lxgfldgf u/]sf] g7x/]sf].ef jf /fli6«o .L jf gubL a'emfO{ .efsf] . jif{ pd]/ k"/f ePsf] / k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd dtbftf x'g of]Uotf k'u]sf]. -3_ dgfl. -u_ lhNnf ljsf.b:osf] lgjf{rgdf pDd]bjf/ ePdf jf /fli6«o .b:otf sfod g/x]sf] .

-#_ pkbkmf -!_ / -@_ df h'g. .b:osf] 73 .+u l7t .lxt lhNnf ljsf.fnsf] >fj0f ! ut]b]lv u0fgf ul/g]5 / kfFr jif{sf] kbfjlw ga9fO{ k|To]s kfFrf} jif{sf] cfiff9 d. If]qdf lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] sfo{sfl/0fLsf] ¿kdf Ps lhNnf ljsf.'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg o. .-ª_ bkmf !&# adf]lhdsf] kbfjlw .b:osf] nflu lgjf{rg .ldltsf] u7gM u7g -!_ bkmf !&) adf]lhd tf]lsPsf] lhNnf ljsf. . -h_ d[To' ePdf .ldltsf] cfkm\gf] Pp6f 5'6\6} 5fk x'g]5 . !&&= lhNnf ljsf. . -@_ lhNnf ljsf.DaGwL Joj:yf !&^= lhNnf ljsf./x rn crn . -#_ lhNnf ljsf. -$_ lhNnf ljsf.b:osf] kbfjlwM kbfjlw -!_ lhNnf ljsf.+:yf x'g]5 .+: yf x'g ]M -!_ k|To]s lhNnf ljsf. .efklt / pk. kl/R5]b – # lhNnf ljsf.ldlt cljlR5Gg pQ/flwsf/jfnf :jzfl.b:ox¿ .dfKt ePdf.f]xL gfdaf6 gfln. .ldltdf b]xfoadf]lhdsf .ldltsf] .ldlt u7g ul/g]5 . -v_ lhNnfsf k|To]s ufpF kl/ifb\ / gu/ kl/ifb\sf lgjf{lrt . -u_ lhNnfleqsf k|ltlglw .ldlt :jzfl. . .dfKt x'g' cufj} gofF . pkef]u ug{ / a]r lavg ug{ . .ef / /fli6«o .efklt.DkGg ePdf . -@_ lhNnf ljsf.hfo x'g] kmf}hbf/L cleof]udf .Sg]5 .fljssf] .DklQ k|fKt ug{.b:ox¿n] cfkm" dWo]af6 lgjf{lrt .b:ox¿.ldltsf] .b:ox¿n] cfkm" dWo]af6 k|To]s Onfsfaf6 Ps hgfsf b/n] lgjf{lrt .ldltn] JolQm.t / .hfo kfPdf. -@_ lhNnf ljsf.b:osf] kbfjlw u0fgf ubf{ kbfjlw z'? x'g] .ldltåf/f dgf]gLt b'O{ hgf . ph"/ ug{ / . -5_ /flhgfdf lbPdf. bkmf adf]lhd .t / .b:ox¿ /xg]5g\M– -s_ lhNnfsf k|To]s Onfsfleqsf ufpF kl/ifb\ / gu/ kl/ifb\sf lgjf{lrt . ph"/ nfUg .b:o -3_ bkmf !&@ sf] pkbkmf -@_ sf] v08 -ª_ adf]lhdsf lhNnf kl/ifb\sf . . !&*= .b:osf] kbfjlw . .+ul7t ./x cfkm\gf] gfdaf6 gfln.f] pk/ klg .ldlt .dfKt ePsf] dflgg]5 .b:osf] kbfjlw kfFr jif{sf] x'g]5 .b:ox¿ dWo]af6 Pshgf dlxnf.Sg]5 .ldltn] JolQm.fGtdf kbfjlw .efsf . . -r_ k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd e|i6frf/sf] cleof]u jf g}lts ktg b]lvg] kmf}hbf/L cleof]u jf tLgjif{eGbf a9L s}b .b:ox¿ kb]g .

efkltn] lhNnf GofofwLz.dIf / . -%_ s'g} lhNnf ljsf.ldltsf .efklt. . -3_ lhNnf ljsf.Sg]5g\ . -v_ PSsfO{.dodf .efkltsf] cg'kl:ytdf pk–.efklt.efklt.efkltsf] cg'kl:yltdf pk–.ldltsf] .b:ox¿n] .Sg]5g\ ./x dfgL kbfjlwsf] u0fgf ul/g]5 .efklt. 74 .b:on] . .efkltn] lhNnf GofofwLz.efkltsf] cg'kl:yltdf pk– .dIf /flhgfdf lbO{ kb Tofu ug{ .dIf /flhgfdf lbO{ kb Tofu ug{ .+rfng ug]{ clwsf/ x'g]5 . -u_ lhNnf ljsf.b:odf lgjf{lrt jf dgf]gLt x'g b]xfoadf]lhdsf] of]Uotf x'g' kg]{5M– -s_ g]kfnL gful/s ePsf]. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ df n]lvP b]lv afx]s lhNnf kl/ifb\sf cGo .efklt dfkm{t lhNnf ljsf.ldltsf] .kbfjlw . pk–.s]sf].DkGg x'g g. !&(= zky u|x0f ug'{kg]{M -!_ .b:ox¿n] kb u|x0f ug]{ 5}gg\ .b:o kbsf] nflu dgf]gogåf/f ul/g]5 .DklQ .ldlt. .ky u|x0f ug'{ kg]{5 .ky u|x0f ug'{ kg]{5 .dodf lgjf{lrt jf dgf]gLt eP. -@_ Ps jif{eGbf sd cjlwsf] nflu pk–lgjf{rg jf dgf]gog ul/g] 5}g .DaGwL Jojxf/df s'g} lghL :jfy{ gePsf].dIf / .Fu 7]Ssf k§f jf rn crn .b:ox¿n] pk–.b:ox¿n] .sL c? .b:o kbsf] lgjf{rg jf dgf]gog .b:o kb s'g} sf/0fjz l/Qm x'g cfPdf afFsL cjlwsf] nflu dfq .b:ox¿nfO{ g} sfo{ .b:osf] kbfjlw u0fgf ubf{ lgwf{l/t . !*)= kb Tofu ug{ .b:o kbsf] nflu k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd pk–lgjf{rgåf/f / dgf]gLt .ldlt. jif{ pd]/ k"/f ePsf] / k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd dtbftf x'g of]Uotf k'u]sf]. .dIf . .efkltn] pk–. -@_ lhNnf kl/ifb\sf dgf]gLt . .dodf s'g} lhNnf ljsf.DkGg eP klg lgjf{lrt jf dgf]gLt .efklt. .b:osf] .L jf gubL a'emfO{ .Sg]M -!_ .dfKt ePsf] dflgg]5 / gjlgjf{lrt .dIf / .ldltsf] .a} lhG.efklt.dIf / .dIf / pk– .efklt.b: osf] nflu rflxg] of]U otfM otf lhNnf ljsf. -$_ s'g} sf/0fjz lgwf{l/t . !*!= .dIf.f] kbsf] k"lt{ lgjf{lrt .efklt / .ldltnfO{ a'emfpg' kg]{ .b:ox¿n] . -#_ pkbkmf -!_ jf -@_ adf]lhd zky u|x0f gu/L lhNnf kl/ifb\ tyf lhNnf ljsf. t/– -!_ kb l/Qm ePsf] ldltn] Ps jif{leq pk–lgjf{rg jf dgf]gog ul/.efklt tyf .Sg' kg]{5 .dIf .

-u_ k|ltlglw . -r_ k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd e|i6frf/sf] cleof]u jf g}lts ktg b]lvg] kmf}hbf/L cleof]u jf tLgjif{eGbf a9L s}b .DklQ lxgfldgf u/]sf] g7x/]sf].t lhNnf ljsf. -@_ lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] a}7s lhNnf ljsf. !*@= .'ljwf pknAw / cljsl.b:otf sfod g/x]sf] .ky u|x0f u/]sf] ldltn] tL.b:on] bkmf !&( adf]lhd .'nL ePsf] k|df0f k]z u/]df of] v08 nfu" x'g] 5}g .efsf] .fwg / .ldltx¿sf] juL{s /0fM /0f g]kfn .efkltn] af]nfpg]5 .fj{hlgs ug'{kg]{M .dfKt ePdf.hfo e'Qmfg u/]sf] tLgjif{ JotLt ePsf] . !*$= lhNnf ljsf.'ljwf .DklQ ljj/0f .DklQsf] ljj/0f . lbgleq To:tf] .+rf/.b:otf sfod g/xg]M b]xfosf] cj:yfdf lhNnf ljsf. -5_ /flhgfdf lbPdf. ul/cfPsf] If]q .DaGwL . . -3_ dgfl. -ª_ bkmf !&* adf]lhdsf] kbfjlw .efkltn] cfkm" kbaf6 x6]kl5 klg kbaf6 x6]sf] ldltn] tL.DklQsf] ljj/0f .f]af. -r_ g}lts ktg b]lvg] kmf}hbf/L cleof]udf . . . t/ c. -v_ cfk"m a.Dd lhNnf ljsf. 75 .ldltsf] .efklt / pk.fj{hlgs ug'{ kg]{5 .hfo x'g] kmf}hbf/L cleof]udf .DjlGwt If]qaf6 lemlsPdf jf cGo If]qdf uflePdf .uf]nsf kl/jf/sf] .b:onfO{ .DkGg u/fO{ ljsl.'ljwfx¿sf] cfwf/df lhNnf ljsf. . .ldltnfO{ . -h_ d[To' ePdf .b:odf dgf]gLt ePdf.b:odf pDd]bjf/ ePdf jf /fli6«o .j df}sf glbO{ lghsf] ./sf/n] ef}uf]lns ljljwtf tyf oftfoft.ldltsf] .hfo kfPsf] eP To:tf] .fj{hlgs ug'{ kg]{5 . lbgleq cfk"m / cfk\mgf] Psf3/ .t ug]{ Joj:yf ldnfpg . lzIff / :jf:Yo . t/ .a dflkmssf] .ef jf /fli6«o . .b:otf sfod /xg] 5}gM– -s_ bkmf !*! adf]lhdsf] of]Uotf gePdf.ldltsf] a}7sdf cg'kl:yt ePdf. . t/ To:tf] .-ª_ . !*#= .fj{hlgs ."rgf lbOg] 5}g .kmfO{ k]z ug]{ dgfl. !*%= lhNnf kl/ifb\ \s f] a}7sM kl/ifb sf] s -!_ lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] a}7s .b:osf] gfddf /x]sf] rn crn .efsf] .hfo kfPdf.ldltx¿nfO{ tf]lsPadf]lhd juL{s/0f u/L sd .fwf/0ftof jif{sf] Ps k6s a:g]5 . -5_ cGo k|rlnt sfg"gn] cof]Uo gePsf] .Sg]5 . If]qsf lhNnf ljsf."rgf glbO{ nuftf/ tLg k6s.

ldltsf] .b:o .b:ox¿n] lhNnf ljsf.-#_ k|To]s jif{ lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] a}7s .+Vofsf] krf.DaGwL cGo sfo{ljlw tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .ldltsf . -(_ lhNnf kl/ifb\sf Ps ltxfO{ .fGtleq af]nfpg' kg]{5 .f] a}7ssf] u0fk"/s .ldltsf] a}7ssf] .ldltsf] .ft lbgsf] .fjn] h]i7 .efklt klg cg'kl:yt ePdf a}7sdf pkl:yt . ljifodf 5nkmn ug{ a}7s af]nfO{ kfpF egL . . . .+Vofsf] cefjdf lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] a}7s a:g g.dfGotof kmfNu'0f d.s]df . -$_ lhNnf kl/ifb\\sf] k|To]s a}7sdf pkl:yt .+Vof k'u]sf] dflgg]5 . -^_ lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] a}7s a:g] ldlt.b:ox¿n] cfkm" dWo]af6 5fg]sf] .efkltn] a}7s af]nfpg] cfb]z glbPdf Ps ltxfO{ . -#_ lhNnf ljsf. -!!_ lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] a}7s .dIf lnlvt cg'/f]w u/]df To.'s} .f/ ."rgf lbO{ csf]{ a}7s af]nfpg' kg]{5 .f] a}7ssf] cWoIftf ug]{5 .b:ox¿dWo] pd]/sf] lx. -!)_ lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] a}7ssf] lg0f{o .b:ox¿n] s'g} vf.ldltsf] a}7s sDtLdf dxLgfsf] Ps k6s a:g]5 .lrjn] lhNnf ljsf.Dd klg . k|ltzt . -*_ u0fk"/s .b:o pkl:yt eP klg a}7s . .ldltsf] a}7s af]nfpg]5 .b:ox¿n] cfkm"dWo]af6 5fg]sf] . lbgleq lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] ljz]if a}7s af]nfpg' kg]{5 .b:on] a}7ssf] .lrjn] lhNnf ljsf.do / :yfgsf] .+Vof klg k"/f x'g g. .lrjsf] sfd ug]{5 . . -&_ lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] a}7sdf tTsfn sfod /x]sf] .efkltsf] cfb]z cg'.lrjn] lhNnf kl/ifb\sf .b:ox¿afx]s lhNnf kl/ifb\\sf cGo .s]df . 76 . t/ lhNnf kl/ifb\\sf] a}7sdf cWoIfsf] 5gf}6 x'g'eGbf cl3 lhNnf kl/ifb\\sf pkl:yt .efklt. !*^= lhNnf ljsf.a} .f] sf] ef]lnkN6 k'gM csf]{ a}7s af]nfpg' kg]{5 . -@_ . .efkltn] ug]{5 / lghsf] cg'kl:yltdf pk–.b:ox? pkl:yt ePdf a}7ssf] nflu u0fk"/s . .efkltn] / pk–.+rfng x'g]5 .+Vof Ps ltxfO{ x'g]5 ./L cg'/f]w u/]sf] ldltn] tL. -%_ lhNnf ljsf. . . .b:ox¿nfO{ k7fpg' kg]{5 .b:on] .lrjn] lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] .ldltsf] a}7s af]nfpg]5 .efkltTj ug]{5 .ldltsf] a}7sM s -!_ lhNnf ljsf."rgf tyf ljifo .b:ox¿sf] lnlvt cg'/f]wdf . t/ tLg dxLgf.b:on] lhNnf kl/ifb\\sf] a}7ssf] cWoIftf ug]{5 ."rL a}7s a:g] lbg eGbf sDtLdf kGw| lbg cufj} lhNnf ljsf.f] a}7sdf hlt.efkltsf] lgb]{zgdf .lrjn] k|dfl0ft ug]{5 .f] u0fk"/s .efkltTj .

-$_ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] a}7sdf tTsfn sfod /x]sf] ;b:o ;+Vofsf] krf; k|ltzt
;b:ox¿ pkl:yt ePdf a}7ssf] nflu u0fk"/s ;+Vof k'u]sf] dflgg]5 .
-%_ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] a}7ss]f lg0f{o ;lrjn] k|dfl0ft ug]{5 .
-^_ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] a}7s ;DaGwL cGo sfo{ljlw tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .
!*&= a}7ssf] lg0f{oM– -!_ o; P]gdf cGoyf Joj:yf ePsf]df afx]s lhNnf kl/ifb\ / lhNnf ljsf;
;ldltsf] a}7ssf] lg0f{o a}7sdf pkl:yt ;b:ox¿sf] ax'dtsf] cfwf/df ul/g]5 .
-@_ lhNnf kl/ifb\ / lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] a}7sdf dt a/fa/ ePdf a}7ssf]
;efkltTj ug]{ JolQmn] lg0ff{os dt lbg]5 .
-#_ kb]g ;b:on] dtbfgdf efu lng kfpg] 5}gg\ .
kl/R5]b – $
lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/
!**= lhNnf kl/ifb\
\s f] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/M
kl/ifb sf]
clwsf/ -!_ lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] sfd / st{Jo b]xfoadf]lhd
x'g]5M–
-s_ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltn] k]z u/]sf] ah]6, of]hgf tyf sfo{qmdx¿ kfl/t ug]{ .
-v_ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltn] k]z u/]sf] s/, b:t'/, z'Ns, dx;'n, C0f jf ;fk6L tyf
cfGtl/s >f]t ;DjGwL k|:tfj kfl/t ug]{ .
-u_ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltaf6 ;+rflnt lhNnf of]hgf ;DjGwL sfo{qmdx¿sf] d"Nof+sg u/L
cfjZos lgb]{zg lbg] .
-3_ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] n]vf k/LIf0f k|ltj]bgdf 5nkmn u/L sfod /x]sf a]?h'x¿
km5\of]{6 ug{ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltnfO{ cfjZos lgb]{zg lbg] .
-ª_ lhNnfdf ;+rfng x'g] lhNnf:t/Lo ljifout sfo{qmdnfO{ :jLs[lt lbg] .
-r_ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] ljlgod :jLs[t ug]{ .
-5_ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] k|zf;lgs sfo{x¿sf] d"Nof+sg u/L lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltnfO{
cfjZos lgb]{zg lbg] .
-h_ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltn] k|:tfj u/]sf] sd{rf/Lsf] kfl/>lds, b/jGbL eQf tyf cGo
;'ljwfdf cfjZostfg';f/ :jLs[lt lbg] .
-em_ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] ;DklQ a]rlavg, x:tfGt/0f jf ef8fdf lbg] ljifodf lg0f{o
ug]{ .
-`_ cfkm"df /x]sf s]xL clwsf/ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltnfO{ k|Tofof]hg ug]{ .

77

-@_ lhNnf kl/ifb\sf ;Dk"0f{ ;b:o ;+Vofsf] ax'dtaf6 k|:tfj kfl/t geO{ lhNnf ljsf;
;ldltn] b]xfosf] sfd ug{ ;Sg] 5}gM–
-s_ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] ;DklQ a]rlavg jf x:tfGt/0f ug]{ .
-v_ C0f lng] .
-u_ s/, b:t'/, z'Ns, dx;'n nufpg] .
-3_ tf]lsPsf] cGo ljifo .
-#_ lhNnf kl/ifb\n] of] P]g tyf o; P]g cGtu{t ag]sf] lgod tyf ljlgodadf]lhd
cfkm"nfO{ ePsf] clwsf/ k|of]u ug]{5 .
-$_ lhNnf kl/ifb\n] lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] s'g} Ps ;b:osf] cWoIftfdf lgh ;lxt a9Ldf
kfFrhgf ;b:ox¿ /x]sf] Ps n]vf ;ldltsf] u7g ug]{5 / To:tf] ;ldltsf] sfd, st{Jo /
clwsf/ tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .
-%_ lhNnf kl/ifb\nfO{ ljleGg ljifodf cfjZos ;Nnfx / ;'emfj lbgsf] nflu pkbkmf #_ adf]lhdsf] n]vf ;ldltdf /xg] ;b:ox¿ afx]s lhNnf kl/ifb\sf cGo ;b:ox¿nfO{
tf]lsPadf]lhdsf ljifout ;ldltx¿df /xg] u/L lhNnf kl/ifb\n] ljleGg ;ldltx¿ u7g ug{
;Sg]5 .
-^_ lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] cGo sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .
!*(= lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/M
clwsf/ -!_ lhNnf kl/ifb\\sf] lg0f{o / lgb]{zgsf]
sfof{Gjog ug''{ u/fpg'sf] cltl/Qm lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] sfd / st{Jo b]xfo jd]lhd x'g]5M–
-s_ s[l if ;DjGwLM
;DjGwL
-!_ s[lif tyf kz' ljsf; ;DaGwL lhNnf:t/Lo gLlt agfO{ ;f] cg'¿ksf sfo{qmdx¿
th'{df Pj+ ;+rfng ug]{ / ;+rflnt sfo{qmdx¿sf] lg/LIf0f / cg'udg ug]{,
u/fpg] .
-@_ lhNnfdf cfjZos kg]{ aLpm, lahg, dn tyf cGo s[lif ;fdu|Lx¿sf] Joj:yf
ug]{, u/fpg] .
-#_ lhNnf ljsf; If]qleq s[lif k|;f/ ;DaGwL ;]jf pknAw ug]{, u/fpg] .
-$_ s[lif xf6 ahf/ / d]nfsf] k|j4{g ug]{, u/fpg] .
-%_ s[lif pkhsf] ahf/ Joj:yfkg ug]{, u/fpg] .
-v_ u|fdL0f vfg]kfgL tyf j:tL ljsf; ;DjGwLM
;DjGwL
-!_ lhNnf ljsf; If]qsf] u|fdL0f Onfsfdf Ps eGbf a9L ufpF ljsf; If]qsf
hgtfx¿nfO{ nfe x'g] vfg]kfgL of]hgfx¿sf] th'{df / sfof{Gjog ug]{, u/fpg] .

78

-@_ lhNnf ljsf; If]qsf] u|fdL0f Onfsfdf j:tL tyf ahf/x¿sf] ljsf; ;DjGwL
of]hgf agfO{ sfof{Gjog ug]{, u/fpg] .
-u_ hn ljB't ;DjGwLM
;DjGwL
;–;fgf u|fdL0f hn ljB't tyf cGo phf{ ;DjGwL cfof]hgfx¿sf] th'{df,
sfof{Gjog, ;+rfng, ljt/0f tyf dd{t ;+ef/ ug]{, u/fpg] .
-3_ lgdf{0 f tyf oftfoft ;DjGwLM
;DjGwL
-!_ lhNnf ljsf; If]qleqsf] lhNnf:t/Lo ;8sx¿sf] u'? of]hgf tof/ u/L lhNnf
kl/ifb\af6 :jLs[t u/fpg] .
-@_ :jLs[t lhNnf:t/Lo ;8sx¿sf lgdf{0f, ;+rfng, cg'udg, d"Nof+sg tyf dd{t
;+ef/ ug]{, u/fpg] .
-#_ lhNnf ljsf; If]qleq cfjZos kg]{ emf]n'+u] k"nx¿sf] of]hgf th'{df, lgdf{0f /
dd{t ;+ef/ ug]{, u/fpg] .
-$_ lhNnf ljsf; If]qleq ;+rfng x'g] oftfoftsf ;fwgx¿ ;DjGwL cfjZos
Joj:yf ldnfpg] .
-%_ k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd æ3Æ >]0fLsf 7]s]bf/x¿sf] Ohfhq kq lbg], vf/]hL ug]{ /
gjLs/0f ug]{ .
-^_ hndfu{ / /f]kj]sf] ljsf; tyf k|j4{g ug]{ .
-ª_ e"l d ;'wf/ tyf e"l d Joj:yf ;DjGwLM
;DjGwL
lhNnf ljsf; If]qleq /x]sf] P]nfgL tyf ;/sf/L klt{ hUufx¿sf] ;+/If0f /
;Da4{g ug]{ .
-r_ dlxnf ljsf; tyf c;xfo ;DjGwLM
;DjGwL
-!_ lhNnf ljsf; If]qleqsf dlxnfx¿sf] pTyfgsf] nflu cfjZos of]hgf tof/ u/L
sfof{Gjog ug]{ .
-@_ /fli6«o gLlt cg'¿k cgfy afnaflnsf, c;xfo dlxnf, j[4, ckf+u tyf
czQmx¿sf] ;+/If0f ;DjGwL sfo{ ug]{ / ;fdflhs s'/Llt x6fpg] tyf r]nLa]6Lsf]
Pj+ gf/Lsf] ;+/If0f ;DjGwL sfd ug]{, u/fpg] .
-5_ jg tyf jftfj/0f ;DjGwLM
;DjGwL
-!_ jg, jg:klt, h}ljs ljljwtf / e"–;+/If0f ;DjGwL of]hgf tof/ u/L sfof{Gjog
ug]{, u/fpg] .
-@_ jftfj/0fsf] ;+/If0f / ;Dj4{g ug]{, u/fpg] .

79

DjGwL -!_ lhNnf ljsf.DjGwL -!_ gu/kflnsf If]q afx]s lhNnf ljsf.DjGwL sfo{qmdx¿sf] th'{df. If]qleqsf gu/kflnsf If]q afx]s cGo u|fdL0f If]qdf lhNnf:t/Lo k':tsfno. -em_ >dsf] Hofnf ."rgf s]Gb| vf]Ng] . u/fpg] .DjGwL sfo{qmd agfO{ sfof{Gjog ug]{.DjGwLM .Dj4{g ug]{ .DjGwL -!_ lhNnf ljsf. snf / . u/fpg] .+rf/ .+rfO{.DjGwLM .+rfng ug]{ .xof]u ug]{ . -@_ ljleGg efiff.+: s[l t . -7_ efiff / .+/If0f / .-h_ lzIff tyf v]ns"b ljsf.+rfO{ / e"–Ifo tyf gbL lgoGq0f . -#_ lhNnf ljsf. wd{ / . -`_ l. . efiff.+j4{g Pj+ k|of]u ug]{. wd{.DjGwL -!_ lhNnf ljsf. -@_ afn >d lgjf/0f tyf p4f/ .ldlt u7g ug]{ .+rfng / Joj:yfkgdf . u/fpg] . -$_ lhNnf:t/Lo k|f}9 lzIff Pj+ cgf}krfl/s lzIff . . u/fpg] . -6_ . -@_ lhNnf ljsf.f+:s[lts Pj+ wfld{s dxTjsf :yfgx¿sf] clen]v /fVg] / dd{t . If]qleqsf ljBfnox¿sf] :jLs[lt / vf/]hLsf] nflu cf}lrTo / sf/0f vf]nL l.DjGwLM . -@_ e"–Ifo. If]qleqsf k'/ftflTjs j:t'.DjGwL -!_ lhNnf:t/df >dsf] Hofnfb/ Pj+ dhb"/Lsf] b//]6 lgwf{/0f ug]{ . If]qleqsf ljBfnox¿sf] /]vb]v / cg'udg u/L .kmfl/z ug]{ .DjGwL gLlt tyf sfo{qmdx¿sf] th'{df ug]{ . ."rgf tyf . 80 .Dj4{g ug]{. gbL s6fg cflbaf6 k|efljt If]qx¿df To:tf sfo{x¿sf] /f]syfd ug]{ .+:s[ltsf] .+ef/ ug]{.DjGwLM . -%_ v]ns"b / zf/Ll/s ljsf. jfrgfno / . afFw / k}gL . .DjGwL of]hgf th'{df u/L sfof{Gjog ug]{.DjGwLM . s'nf].'ljwf k'Ug] l.+rfng tyf d/dt . If]qleq ljBfno :yfkgf ug{ k|fyldstf tf]sL l. If]qleq rnlrq ejg :yfkgf ug{ :jLs[lt lbg] .+:s[ltsf] . sfof{Gjog. -#_ lhNnf ljsf.DjGwL sfo{qmd agfO{ .+/If0f. If]qdf .kmfl/z ug]{ . u/fpg] . -^_ lhNnf:t/Lo v]ns"b ljsf. .+ef/ u/fO{ . If]qleqsf] Ps eGbf a9L ufpF ljsf. -@_ lhNnf ljsf. If]qleqsf .

+/If0f.-8_ 3/]n' pBf]u .ldltsf] :jfldTj tyf lgoGq0fdf /x]sf rn crn .Sg]5 . .DjGwLM .+/If0f ug]{ .DjGwLM .Dj4{g.dsf pkef]Uo j:t'sf] a]rljvg / pkef]udf /f]s nufpg] .+rfng tyf Joj:yfkg ug]{.d]tsf] lg/LIf0f tyf cg'udg ug]{ .fj{hlgs k|of]udf /f]s nufpg] jf x6fpg] .Dkbfsf] . P]ltxfl. . dft[lzz' sNof0f.]j f . -9_ :jf:Yo . -@_ kl/jf/ lgof]hg.ldltn] :jLs[t ah]6sf] k/Llwleq /xL s'g} . -^_ hg:jf:Yodf k|lts""n c.sf] u'0f:t/ .f . lj:tf/ / .DjGwL cf}hf/ tyf pks/0fx¿sf] cfk"lt{ Joj:yf ldnfO{ To. If]qdf hg:jf:Yosf] nflu xflgsf/s lrhj:t'sf] . If]qleqsf] k|fs[lts.b'kof]u ug]{. If]qsf] nflu cfjZos kg]{ cf}iflw / lrlsT. 81 .DjGwLM . -@_ b}jLk|sf]k lgoGq0f ug]{ . -#_ lhNnf ljsf. -$_ lhNnf ljsf. -0f_ ko{6g . -t_ ljljwM ljljw -!_ lhNnf ljsf. u/fpg] . kf]if0f tyf hg.+3.. If]qleqsf] tYof+s /fVg] . . .DklQsf] . If]qleq :yfkgf x'g] 3/]n' pBf]ux¿sf] clen]v /fVg] . :jf:Yo rf}sLx¿sf] . :jf:Yo rf}sL. ug]{ . c:ktfn.DjGwL -!_ lhNnf:t/Lo.DjGwL -!_ lhNnf ljsf.+Vof lzIff. If]q cGtu{tsf ufpF ljsf. cfo'j]{bLo cf}ifwfnoÙ :jf:Yo s]Gb|.s tyf ko{6sLo .+:yf jf lgsfonfO{ sfo{qmd :jLs[t u/L cg'bfg lbg . If]qx¿df pk–:jf:Yo rf}sL vf]Ng :jLs[lt lbg] / ltgsf] lg/LIf0f tyf cg'udg ug]{ . . lj:tfl/t vf]k. . -@_ lhNnf ljsf.DjGwL lhNnf ljsf./ kg]{ lsl.ldltsf] ljlgod th'{df u/L lhNnf kl/ifb\df k]z ug]{ . -%_ k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd tf]lsPsf cGo sfo{x¿ ug]{ . -#_ lhNnf ljsf. -$_ lhNnf ljsf. -@_ lhNnfdf cf}Bf]lus If]qsf] klxrfg / ljsf. u/fpg] .DjGwdf cfjZos sfd ug]{ . -%_ lhNnf ljsf.f+:s[lts. hg:jf:Yo h:tf sfo{qmdx¿sf] th'{df / sfof{Gjog ug]{ .

Demf}tf ug{ . ug{ .lrjnfO{ lgb]{zg lbg] .-#_ lhNnf ljsf. -ª_ pk–./sf/nfO{ lbg' kg]{5 .ldltsf] sfd. -%_ o.dIf l. a'l4hLjL. .df s'g} lsl.Fu g]kfn . .ldltn] .dfh.kmfl/zx¿ ug]{ .'emfj lbg jf sf/jfxLsf] nflu ./sf/L .dfj]z x'g . !()= pk– pk–.ldlt u7g ug{ .Fu tf]lsPadf]lhd .dGjo ug]{.Sg]5g\ . ./sf/L . -3_ lhNnf kl/ifb\ / lhNnf ljsf.ldltsf] a}7s af]nfpg . . clwsf/ / sfo{ljlw lhNnf ljsf.ldltsf] a}7sdf k|ltj]bg / k|:tfj k]z ug]{. ./sf/L . lk5l8Psf ju{.]jL tyf ljz]if1 .d"xsf k|ltlglw. P]gdf n]lvPb]lv afx]s lhNnf ljsf.xof]u k'¥ofpg cfjZostf cg'.f/ pk–. P]gsf] clwgdf /xL JolQm.ldltsf] cGo sfd.b:ox¿nfO{ ljifout ¿kdf sfo{sf] ljefhg ug]{ / lhNnf:t/Lo ljifout sfo{qmdx¿sf] /]vb]v / .+emf}tf u/L ljsf. . u}/ . u/fpg] .Sg]5 . -r_ lhNnf ljsf./sf/sf] k"j{ :jLs[tL geO{ To:tf] .Sg]M -!_ lhNnf ljsf./L ePsf] .efkltsf] sfd. -#_ pk–bkmf -!_ adf]lhd u7g x'g] pk–.+:yf jf JolQm.ldltsf tkm{af6 cfjZos l.efkltsf] sfd. .+:yfsf k|ltlglw.Sg] 5}g . !(!= . dlxnf.ldltn] tf]lslbPadf]lhd x'g]5 . .Sg]5 .kmfl/.dsf] clgoldttf ePsf] hfgsf/L x'g cfPdf lhNnf ljsf.Demf}tfsf] hfgsf/L g]kfn .efklt tyf .f] . .ldltsf] ah]6 tyf sfo{qmdx¿ th'{df ug{ cfjZos Joj:yf ldnfpg] . To. If]qleq .ldltn] o. lgdf{0fsf sfdx¿ ug{ . . -$_ lhNnf ljsf. 82 .+rfng gePsf] jf To.Sg]5 . -u_ lhNnf ljsf. .DaGwdf cfjZos . . -@_ pk–bkmf -!_ adf]lhd u7g x'g] pk–. st{Jo / clwsf/M clwsf/ -!_ . u/fpg] . st{Jo / clwsf/ b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5M– -s_ lhNnf ljsf./sf/L jf u}/ . st{Jo / clwsf/ tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 . t/ cGt/f{li6«o u}/ .ldltn] cfk\mgf] sfddf .ldltdf pkef]Qmf .+:yf jf ljb]zL. st{Jo.ldlt u7g ug{ .DalGwt lgsfo.ldltsf] lg0f{o sfof{Gjog u/fO{ k|ult ljj/0f tof/ ug{ nufpg] .+rflnt s]Gb|Lo:t/sf] s'g} cfof]hgf jf sfo{qmd k|efjsf/L 9+un] . -v_ lhNnf kl/ifb\ / lhNnf ljsf.

efkltnfO{ sfo{ef/ lbg] / pk–. lgdf{0f sfo{sf .Sg] ePdf pk–. -v_ cfkm"nfO{ tf]lsPsf] ljifo.d"xaLr .ldltsf] ljleGg .fdflhs . of]hgfdf .ldlt . !(@= pk– pk–.j sf/0f afx]s nuftf/ tL.Sg] cj:yf k/]df .Fu .do . .ft lbg eGbf a9L .b:onfO{ sfo{ef/ lbg] jf s'g} sf/0fjz sfo{ef/ .ldlt / lhNnf ljsf.efkltn] d'gfl.Sg]5 . st{Jo / clwsf/M clwsf/ -!_ pk–. -#_ . .Gbe{df .b:o / . -@_ .efkltn] lhNnfleqsf ljsf.efklt klg gePdf pd]/sf] cfwf/df h]i7 . .Sg]5 ./sf/L tyf u}/–.Fu . .efkltsf] sfd.lrjnfO{ sfh v6fpg] . st{Jo / clwsf/ b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5M– -s_ .ft lbg. .ldltn] tof/ u/]sf] of]hgf lhNnf ljsf.dodf lg/LIf0f ug]{ .efklt eO{ sfd ug]{.ldltaf6 :jLs[t u/fO{ sfhdf hfg .efkltsf] cg'kl:yltdf sfo{afxs .j sf/0f afx]s nuftf/ tL. -@_ pk–.DjlGwt ljifodf lhNnf ljsf.Dd lhNnfleq cfkm}+ sfh :jLs[t u/L hfg .b:osf] sfd.+:yfx¿ / pkef]Qmf . t/ cfk\mgf] lhNnf aflx/ hfg' k/]df lhNnf ljsf.dGjo sfod /fVg] Joj:yf ldnfpg]. !(#= .dGjo ug]{ . 83 . u/fpg] ./sf/L . If]q cGtu{tsf ufpF ljsf.-5_ cfkm" lhNnf aflx/ uO{ .DxfNg g. lbgeGbf a9L cfk\mgf] lhNnf 5f8\g x'Fb}g . -h_ lhNnf:t/Lo sfo{qmdsf] . .lrjnfO{ hfgsf/L lbg] . / -v_ tf]lsPsf] cGo sfd ug]{.ldltdf pkl:yt x'g g. -em_ lhNnf ljsf.do lhNnf ljsf.ldltx¿sf] lg/LIf0f tyf .DjlGwt ljifodf lhNnf ljsf. -u_ cfkm"nfO{ tf]lsPsf] ljifodf lhNnf ljsf.Gbe{df . st{Jo / clwsf/M clwsf/ -!_ .efkltn] d'gfl.dfj]z ug{ nufpg] . -`_ tf]lsPsf] cGo sfd ug]{ .efkltsf] sfd. . lbgeGbf a9L cfk\mgf] lhNnf 5f8\g x'Fb}g .b:ox¿sf] sfd. st{Jo / clwsf/ b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5M– -s_ cfkm"nfO{ tf]lsPsf] ljifo.ldltaf6 eP u/]sf sfd sf/jfxLsf] .

+:yfx¿ u7g ug{ :yfgLo hgtfnfO{ k|f]T. a]?h' km5\of]{6 u/fpg] . -3_ lhNnf ljsf.d"x tyf u}/–.DjGwdf cfk\mgf] .-3_ cfkm"nfO{ tf]lsPsf] ljifo.ldltsf] sfof{nosf] k|zf. u/fpg] . u/fpg] .fdfGo /]vb]vdf /xL sfof{Gjog ug]{.lrj eO{ sfd ug]{ . -6_ lhNnf ljsf. . .L .ldltsf] k|zf. . -7_ k|rlnt sfg"gn] tf]s]sf sdx¿ ug]{.DjlGwt ljifosf ljsf.lgs.efkltsf] .lrjsf] sfd. crn tyf lhG. u/fpg] .flxt ug]{ / ltgnfO{ ljsf.lrjsf] sfd. . -@_ . -em_ lhNnf kl/ifb\ / lhNnf ljsf.'emfj. -r_ lhNnf ljsf. . -v_ lhNnf ljsf. u/fpg] .ldltsf] a}7sdf pkl:yt e} lg0f{o dfOGo"l6Ë ug]{. -ª_ lhNnf:t/Lo sfo{qmdx¿sf] k|ult lg/LIf0f u/L .efkltsf] k|ToIf lgb]{zgdf /xL . lg0f{o k'l:tsf lhDdf lng] / lg0f{o k|dfl0ft ug]{ . -5_ lhNnf ljsf. . -ª_ cfkm"nfO{ tf]lsPsf] ljifodf pkef]Qmf . u/fpg] . . -h_ lhNnf ljsf.b:on] d'gfl.lgs lgoGq0f ug]{ . .ldltsf] rn.ldltsf] . . st{Jo / clwsf/ b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5M– -s_ lhNnf kl/ifb\ / lhNnf ljsf. sfo{qmddf kl/rfng ug]{ .j sf/0f afx]s nuftf/ tL.DklQsf] nut /fVg]. . . -5_ tf]lsPsf cGo sfo{x¿ ug]{ .DalGwt ufpF ljsf. -u_ lhNnf of]hgfsf] sfof{Gjog lg/LIf0f tyf k|ult d"Nof+sg ug]{.b:osf] kb l/Qm eO{ lgjf{rg u/fpg' k/]df . n]vf Joj:yf tyf ljsf. . 84 .ldlt.ldltsf] lg0f{onfO{ . u/fpg] . -`_ n]vf k/LIf0f u/fpg].ldlt jf gu/kflnsfsf] a}7sdf efu lnO{ a}7ssf] sfd sf/jfxLsf] .dLIff ug]{.dIf k|ltj]bg lbg] .+ef/ ug]{./sf/L . u/fpg] .DjlGwt lgsfonfO{ hfgsf/L u/fpg] . u/fpg] .DaGwdf lhNnf ljsf. .+/If0f dd{t . lbgeGbf a9L cfk\mgf] lhNnf 5f8\g x'Fb}g . sfo{qmdx¿sf] lg/LIf0f ug]{. tyf lgdf{0fsf] sfddf ePsf] k|ult .DjGwdf cfjZos sf/jfxL ug]{. !($= .lxtsf] lnlvt hfgsf/L lhNnf ljsf.ldlt cGtu{tsf sd{rf/Lx?sf] k|zf.sLo k|d'v eO{ sfd ug]{. lhNnf kl/ifb\ jf lhNnf ljsf.ldltdf k]z ug]{ .Fu .ldltsf] . -r_ .ldlt. st{Jo / clwsf/M clwsf/ .

DjGwL sfo{x¿.DjGwL Joj:yf .DjlGwt dGqfnoaf6 k|fKt lgb]{zgx¿. . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd th'{df ul/Psf] of]hgfsf] cfwf/df /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]u / g]kfn . If]qdf ul/Psf jf ul/g' kg]{ ljleGg ljsf.ldltn] jflif{s of]hgf th'{df ug'{ cufj} b]xfosf >f]t / .DjlGwt dGqfnon] lhNnf ljsf. sfo{x¿.ldltn] cfjZostf cg'. -v_ /fli6«o nIo tyf gLltsf cfwf/df to ul/Psf lhNnf:t/Lo gLlt tyf nIox¿.Sg]5 . of]hgf th'{df ug'{ kg]{5 . -#_ pkbkmf -!_ / -@_ adf]lhd of]hgf th'{df ubf{ lhNnf ljsf. .sf nflu cfjlws / jflif{s ljsf.ldltn] cfk\mgf] lhNnfsf] ljsf.ldltnfO{ sflt{s dlxgfleq cg'bfg / cfjZos gLlt tyf dfu{ bz{gx¿ pknAw u/fpg' kg]{5 . -3_ dlxnf / afnaflnsfsf nflu cfod"ns / . . . kl/R5]b – % lhNnf ljsf.-8_ of] P]g jf o. -5_ :yfgLo afl.fwgsf] cg'd fgM fg lhNnf ljsf.ldltsf] of]hgf th'{d f / sfof{G jog k|l qmof !(%= lhNnf ljsf./sf/sf] . P]g cGtu{t ag]sf lgod jf ljlgodadf]lhd . -r_ ljsf. . -u_ cfjlws of]hgfn] kl/nlIft u/]sf .fan] pTkfbg ug{ .+ef/ .Lkd"ns ljsf.'Dk]sf] jf tf]s]sf] cGo sfdx¿ ug]{ .+rfng / .Gbfaf6} tof/ ul/g'kg]{ ljleGg ljifo If]qsf hgzlQm ljsf.f/ afXo k/fdz{ .dli6ut cfjZostfx¿ . of]hgfsf] th'{d fMf -!_ k|To]s lhNnf ljsf.DkGg ePsf ljleGg ljifoIf]q cGtu{tsf cfof]hgfx¿sf] ljj/0f / ltgLx¿sf] . -v_ ljleGg If]qdf t'ngfTds nfut nfesf] lx.lsg] .dfj]z ug'{ kg]{5M– -s_ lhNnfsf] ef}uf]lns.]jf k|fKt ug{ . .+efjgfx¿.fwgx¿sf] cg'dfg tof/ ug'{ kg]{5M– 85 . -ª_ . !(^= .+efjgfx¿sf cfwf/df ljleGg ljifo If]qut cNksfnLg Pj+ bL3{sflng ljsf. cfly{s Pj+ k|fs[lts .Dkbfx¿ / ltgLx¿sf] jt{dfg pkof]u. -%_ jflif{s of]hgf th'{df ubf{ lgDg s'/fnfO{ cfwf/ lng'kg]{5M– -s_ /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]u / . -u_ lk5l8Psf hghfltx¿ Pj+ a9L u/Lla ePsf] If]q tyf To. sfo{x¿. . sfo{x¿. -3_ ufpF kl/ifb\\ / gu/ kl/ifb\\af6 k|fKt of]hgfx¿ . -$_ cfjlws of]hgf tof/ ubf{ lgDg ljifox¿ .

-#_ lhNnf ljsf. .DalGwt lhNnf ljsf. !(*= PsLs[t of]hgf th'{d f . @))= cfof]hgfsf] .ldltsf] cfk\mg} >d.efklt – cWoIf -v_ .ldltn] lhNnf ljsf. of]hgf th'{df ubf{ .fwg .ldltdf b]xfosf .ldlt / lhNnf kl/ifb\df cfjZos 5nkmn u/L of]hgf th'{dfsf] sfd k"/f ug'{ kg]{5 . >f]t / .+of]hsx¿ – . .d]t v'nfO{ cfof]hgfsf] . of]hgf th'{df ubf{ . of]hgf sfof{Gjog ug]{ qmddf b]xfoadf]lhdsf s'/fx¿ . .ldltsf .b:o -u_ ljifout of]hgf th'{df . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] .+sng u/L lhNnfsf] j:t'l:ylt b]lvg] u/L >f]t gS.f tof/ ug'{kg]{M k|To]s lhNnf ljsf.f gS. of]hgfsf] ¿k lbOg]5 .xeflutfd"ns of]hgf th'{df k|lqmofsf] cjnDjg ug'{ kg]{5 . lhNnf ljsf.ldltsf . !(&= of]hgf th'{d f k|l qmofM qmof -!_ lhNnf ljsf. -@_ pk–bkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] k|lqmof cjnDjg ubf{ lhNnf ljsf.b:ox¿ /xg] 5g\M– -s_ lhNnf ljsf.ldltn] lhNnf ljsf./sf/af6 k|fKt Psd'i6 cg'bfg .ldlt.dGjo tyf k|fyldstf lgwf{/0f u/L PsLs[t lhNnf ljsf.ldlt /xg]5 . If]qleqsf .fwg .ldltM .+:yfx¿af6 k|fKt .ldltx¿af6 k|fKt cfof]hgfx¿nfO{ . .ldltn] lhNnf ljsf. -3_ cGo . !((= >f]t gS.b:o -3_ tf]lsPadf]lhdsf cGo JolQmx¿ – .b\x¿ – kb]g . -$_ pk–bkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] .ldltaf6 k|fKt cfof]hgf tyf sfo{qmdx¿nfO{ d"n cfwf/ dfGg' kg]{5 .ldlt -!_ lhNnf:t/df Ps PsLs[t of]hgf th'{df .sf lgldQ lhNnfsf] j:t'ut tYof+s . .ldltsf] a}7ssf] sfo{ljlw tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .f/sf] a}7sdf ljifout of]hgf th'{df . -$_ of]hgf th'{dfsf] cGo k|lqmof tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .xof]u . ljifout of]hgf th'{df .]jf s]Gb|.ldlt./sf/sf ljleGg ljifout dGqfnox¿af6 ljifout nufgL jfkt k|fKt Psd'i6 . PsLs[t of]hgf th'{df . . . -u_ g]kfn .f+.+e fJotf cWoog ug'{ kg]{M lhNnf ljsf.+efJotf cWoog ug'{ u/fpg' kg]{5M– -s_ of]hgfsf] nIo 86 .b:o -#_ pk–bkmf -!_ cg'.-s_ lhNnf ljsf.f tof/ ug'{ kg]{5 . -v_ g]kfn .

DjGwdf /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]u / g]kfn . -r_ pkef]Qmfx¿af6 k|fKt x'g .3fp k'Ug] sfo{qmdx¿ ./L pknAw u/fOg] . 87 .fwgsf] k"jf{g'dfg / . -3_ jftfj/0f .DjlGwt /fli6«o ljsf. -ª_ lk5l8Psf] tyf pTkLl8t hflt.Sg] z'Ns jf dd{t .d]t pknAw u/fpg' kg]{5 .Lkd"ns sfo{qmdx¿ .fdu|Lsf] d"No tyf . x'Fb}g . j:t'ut >d / To:t} cGo of]ubfg. -ª_ cfof]hgf .3fp k'¥ofpg] sfo{qmdx¿ .+rfng Joj:yf.fwg. hghflt Pj+ dlxnf / afnaflnsfsf] nflu cfod"ns tyf . @)@= cfof]hgfsf] 5gf}6M -!_ cfof]hgfsf] 5gf}6 ubf{ bkmf @)) adf]lhdsf] cfof]hgf .+/If0f tyf .fwgsf] k"j{ cg'dfg / dfu{bz{g k|To]s lhNnfsf] cfjlws of]hgfsf] nIoaf6 /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]un] lgwf{/0f u/L ljifout dGqfnox¿nfO{ lgb]{zg lbg' kg]{5 .Lx¿nfO{ u/fpg' kg]{5 . -3_ cfof]hgf .f] l.Lk / Ifdtfsf] kl/rfngaf6 .+Vof / kmfObfsf] lsl.DkGg ubf{ nfUg . -u_ :yfgLo .f] .+ef/ vr{ jf . o.+/If0fdf .Sg] sfo{qmdx¿ . @)!= k|fyldstf lgwf{/ 0fM 0f lhNnf ljsf.xeflutf / >d k|fKt x'g].fwf/0f hgtfnfO{ tTsfn k|ToIf kmfObf x'g] tyf /f]huf/ k|a4{g x'g] / cfod"ns sfo{qmdx¿ . -5_ pkef]Qmfx¿af6 kl5 p7\g .dfwfg x'G5.f] . -@_ pk–bkmf -!_ adf]lhd 5gf}6 ePsf cfof]hgfsf] hfgsf/L lhNnfjf. -u_ 5gf}6 ug{ nfluPsf] cfof]hgf gofF xf] jf cw'/f] /x]sf] xf]./sf/sf] .+a4{g ug]{.Sg] gub.Sg] vr{ tyf .+rfng x'g . of]hgf th'{df ubf{ lgDgadf]lhdsf] sfo{qmdnfO{ k|fydlstf lbg' kg]{5M– -s_ . -h_ cGo v'nfpg] kg]{ s'/f eP . -v_ s[lif pTkfbg j[l4 ug{ .t . @)#= lhNnf ljsf. gLlt / k|fyldstf tyf cGo dfu{bz{gx¿ eP .-v_ cfof]hgfaf6 kmfObf kfpg] hgtfsf] . .j{.+efJotf cWoog k|ltj]bgsf cltl/Qm b]xfosf s'/fx? .d]tsf] cfwf/df ug'{kg]{5M– -s_ jftfj/0f .Gbfx¿sf] ./sf/ sf] bfloTjM bfloTj -!_ lhNnf ljsf. of]hgf .+rfng gu/L cGo s'g} pkfoaf6 cfjZostfsf] k"lt{ jf .d. -v_ a9L eGbf a9L :yfgLo jfl.dosf] cg'dfg.d:of . of]hgf th'{dfsf nflu cfufdL cfly{s jif{sf] lgldQ cf–cfk\mgf] ljifo If]qdf ljleGg lhNnfx¿nfO{ k|bfg x'g] .

dGjo sfod ug'{kg]{5M– -s_ s'g} klg If]qdf ul/g] nufgLdf bf]xf]/f]kg x6fpg] . u/fpg' kg]{5 .DkGg ePkl5 ./L x:tfGt/0f ePsf cfof]hgfsf] . . @)^= cfof]hgfsf] x:tfGt/0fM x:tfGt/0f -!_ lhNnfdf ljleGg . .ldlt / .]jf / ljsf.lxt lgsf.ldlt dfkm{t sfof{Gjog tyf .L jflif{s ljsf.-@_ lhNnf ljsf. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd cfof]hgf x:tfGt/0f ug]{ lgsfon] lhNnf ljsf. .dGjo sfod ug'{ kg]{5 .ldltsf] Ifdtf ljsf.df kl/k"/s . ./sf/L lgsfoaLr .Sg] k|ljlw ckgfpg] .ldltn] lhNnf ljsf. -@_ lhNnf ljsf. -$_ lhNnf:t/Lo of]hgf cGtu{tsf cfof]hgfx¿ pkef]Qmf .dGjo sfod ug]{ . -#_ of]hgf sfof{Gjog ug]{ lhDd]jf/L ufpF ljsf.f k7fpg' kg]{5 . . sfo{df sfo{/t .dGjo sfod ug{ .]jf k|fKt u/L sfof{Gjogdf 6]jf k'¥ofpg . .nl.ldlt jf pkef]Qmf .+rfng lhNnf ljsf./sf/L tyf u}/–. @)$= lhNnf ljsf.ldlt .nfdf s'g} dte]b ePdf /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]un] cfjZos dWo:ytf ug]{5 ./sf/L .]jf / ljsf.DjlGwt sfof{no k|ltlglwnfO{ af]nfO{ lhNnf ljsf. @)%= of]hgfsf] sfof{G jogM jog -!_ g]kfn .DjlGwt lgsfoaLr . -#_ pk–bkmf -@_ adf]lhd cfof]lht . . sfo{qmdnfO{ cfjZos 6]jf k'¥ofpg' kg]{5 . lhNnf ljsf.ldltn] a}7s ug]{5 .]jf pknAw u/fO{ lhNnf ljsf.+rfng u/fpg .+:yfaLr a}7s a. 88 .+rfng ug]{ . . .ldltnfO{ x:tfGt/0f ug'{ kg]{5 .DjlGwt lhNnf ljsf. -u_ lhNnfjf. of]hgf th'{df ubf{ ufpF kl/ifb\ / gu/ kl/ifb\n] agfpg] jflif{s ljsf. .ldltnfO{ k|fljlws tyf k/fdz{ .Sg]5 . .Lx¿n] clwstd nfe xfl. . of]hgf sfof{Gjog ug{ ccfjZos dfu{bz{g. of]hgf th'{df ubf{ lhNnfleq ljleGg .+:yfx¿aLr cfk./sf/L lgsfox¿n] z'? u/]sf] cfof]hgf .ldl t / .ldltaf6 kfl/t sfo{qmd lhNnf ljsf. sfo{qmdx¿ .xdlt eP cg'¿k x'g]5 . -@_ pk–bkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] . To.dGjofTds a}7sdf b]xfosf s'/fx¿df ./sf/n] jflif{s sfo{qmd / ah]6 kfl/t ePkl5 lhNnf ljsf.lsg]5 . -v_ nufgL ug]{ .f/ afXo k/fdz{ .n ug{ ./sf/L jf cw{ .ldltsf] lgb]{zgdf sfof{Gjog ug'{ u/fpg' kg]{5 .dGjo sfod ug]{ l.ldltn] cfjZostf cg'.d"xsf] x'g]5 . of]hgfaLr ./sf/L tyf u}/ –.dGjo ug]{M -!_ PsLs[t lhNnf ljsf.

]jf k|fKt ug]{ pkef]Qmf. . . of]hgf cGtu{tsf cfof]hgfx¿ sfof{Gjo ubf{ cfof]hgfaf6 k|ToIf nfe kfpg] JolQmx¿ dWo]af6 lhNnf ljsf. .@)&= lgb]{zg kfngf ug'{kg]{M -!_ lhNnf ljsf.ldltsf] x'g]5 ./sf/L .ldltsf] u7g x'g]5 . -%_ cfof]hgfsf] nut Oli6d]6 tf]lsPadf]lhd ug'{kg]{5 .ldltdf lhnf ljsf.'k/Lj]If0f tyf cg'udg .ldltsf] sfd.+rfng fng ug]{ af/]M -!_ pkef]Qmf .DjlGwt dGqfnon] . -^_ pkef]Qmf . @)(= pkef]Q mf .+:yfn] cfof]hgfx¿ sfof{Gjog / . st{Jo / clwsf/ tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .+rfng ubf{ lhNnf ljsf.ldlt.d"x / u}/ .DjGwdf /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]u / g]kfn .+:yf dfkm{t of]hgf sfof{Gjog / ./sf/L .do ./sf/L .+:yfn] cfk\mgf] sf/f]jf/sf] n]vfsf] k|ltj]bg lhNnf ljsf. eO{ km/kmf/s ePkl5 cfof]hgfsf] dd{t . cfof]hgfsf] sfof{Gjog tflnsf cg'.+rfng ug{ .+ef/ tyf . @)*= pkef]Q mf .ldltn] .dodf cfjZos lgb]{zg lbg . -@_ pkef]Qmf . .fwgx¿sf] kl/rfng nIo cg'¿k eP gePsf].fj lstfj tyf n]vf cfjlws u/L /fVg' kg]{5 .ldltn] of]hgf jf sfo{qmd th'{df ubf{ cg'dfg ul/Psf >f]t .ldlt u7g u/fpg' kg]{5 .d"x u7g ug]{M -!_ lhNnf ljsf.f/ eP gePsf] PsLg ug{ tyf cfof]hgfsf] sfof{Gjodf b]lvg] afwf Jojwfg jf c8\rgx¿ .d"x / u}/ .d"x u}/–.+:yfn] cfof]hgf hfFrkfF. -$_ cfof]hgf sfof{Gjog ug]{ pkef]Qmf .Sg]5 .b:o tyf ./sf/L .Fu cfjZos z'Ns lng .dfwfgsf] nflu cfjZos lgb]{zg lbg . . . -@_ lhNnf ljsf. .+: yfn] cfof]hgf ./sf/sf] . 89 .ldltn] pkef]Qmf .f+.DjlGwt lgsfo .+rfngsf] nflu . .+:yfn] cfk\mgf] cfly{s sf/f]jf/sf] lx. @!)= .DalGwt sd{rf/Lx? . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd lbPsf] lgb]{zg lhNnf ljsf.+rfng ug]{ .ldltsf .ldltn] kfng ug'{ kg]{5 .DjlGwt lhNnfsf .Sg]5 .d"x tyf u}/–. .'kl/j]I f0f tyf cg'u dgM dg -!_ lhNnf ljsf./sf/L .d"x / u}/–.ldltsf .Fu . -#_ cfof]hgf sfof{Gjog ug]{ pkef]Qmf .bsf] cWoIftfdf k|To]s jif{sf] nflu j0ff{g'qmdfg'. .d]t /xg]5g\ .d]tsf] k/fdz{ lnO{ pkef]Qmf .Sg]5 .f/ Ps .dGjo /fvL ug'{ kg]{5 . pQm .ldltnfO{ lbg' kg]{5 / n]vf k/LIf0f u/fpg] lhDd]jf/L cfof]hgf sfof{Gjog ug]{ lgsfo / lhNnf ljsf. of]hgf th'{df / .ldltx¿nfO{ lhNnf ljsf.d"x tyf u}/ –./sf/L .efklt. lghn] tf]s]sf] lhNnf ljsf.

f/ x'g] .b:on] efu lng' kg]{5 .+:yfsf k|ltlglwx¿nfO{ . If]qleq .d / kl/0ffd klxrfg ug]{ . @!!= .dLIff a}7sdf k|fKt . -v_ v08 -s_ cg'.+rflnt lhNnf:t/Lo sfo{qmdx¿sf] k|ult ljj/0f. -#_ pkbkmf -!_ / -@_ adf]lhd lhNnf ljsf.ldltsf . k|fKt ePsf] . -#_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] .lxt . .kmfl/. -3_ cfof]hgfaf6 nfeflGjt . 90 .DjGwL Joj:yfsf] d"Nof+sg k|To]s jif{ ug]{ . .d]t /fvL To. ug]{5 .dLIff / d"N of+s gM g -!_ lhNnf ljsf. -u_ .+rfng eO/x]sf cfof]hgfx¿sf] ljifout ljj/0f tyf k|ult d"Nof+sg k|To]s ^ dlxgfdf ug]{ .DjlGwt kIfnfO{ .DkGg ePsf k|To]s cfof]hgfsf] Ps jif{kl5 k|efj d"Nof+sg ug]{ .fwg. . of]hgfsf] .dLIff ug]{ . .f] a}7sdf lhNnf ljsf.fdfGotof rf/ dlxgfdf Psk6s a:g]5 / .dLIff b]xfo cg'. -u_ . -@_ lhNnf ljsf.+rfng ug]{ lgsfodf k7fpg] / To:tf] k|ltj]bg lhNnf kl/ifb\sf] lgoldt a}7sdf k|:t't ug]{ .+ef/ .dLIff / d"Nof+sg ubf{ lhNnf ljsf.-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] .dLIffsf nflu cfdGq0f ug]{ ./sf/L.f/ ug'{kg]{5M– -s_ .ldltsf] lgoldt a}7sdf .Sg]5 . -v_ .dsf] clgoldttf ePsf] hgfsf/L x'g cfPdf lhNnf ljsf.ldltsf] a}7s .fwg / ug'{kg]{ sfdsf] n]vf hf]vf ug'{ kg]{5 .d'bfosf] lsl. -r_ cfof]hgfaf6 kof{j/0fdf k/]sf] k|efj klxrfg ug]{ .ldltsf] a}7sdf cfof]hgfsf nflu cg'dfg ul/Psf] . of]hgfsf] .sf] k|ltj]bg .r]t u/fpg .DjlGwt . -ª_ cfof]hgfaf6 ePsf] pTkfbg j[l4 Pj+ /f]huf/Lsf] cj.'emfj .dLIff a}7sdf .d]t cf–cfk\mgf] If]qaf6 . -$_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] a}7sn] sfo{ tflnsf / nIo cg'.f/ ug]{5M– -s_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd d"Nof+sg ePkl5 lhNnf ljsf.dLIff / d"Nof+sg b]xfo cg'. of]hgfsf] .f/ sfd gePsf]df .ldltn] lhNnf ljsf./sf/L / bft[ .ldltn] cfjZos sf/jfxLsf] nflu ./x¿ klxrfg ug]{ .DalGwt lgsfodf l.DkGg ePsf cfof]hgfsf] dd{t . . u}/ .DjlGwt cfof]hgf .+rflnt s'g} cfof]hgf jf sfo{qmddf s'g} lsl.ldltn] lhNnf ljsf.

.ldlt / gu/kflnsfsf] jflif{s sfo{qmd . 91 .+rfng tyf dd{t . -h_ lhNnfleq .ldltdf Ps .+rfngsf] nflu .@!@= .DjlGwt lgsfo jf pkef]Qmf . -em_ lhNnfleq ul/Psf cWoog cg'.d]t ljrf/ u/L dd{t .d"xnfO{ x:tfGt/0f u/L .ldltn] pkef]Qmfx¿af6 p7fpg] . -5_ lhNnf ljsf. . @!$= cfof]hgfsf] . . / km/kmf/s ug]{5 .+rfng ug]{ lgsfoaf6 cfof]hgf . -#_ cfof]hgfaf6 cfjZos z'Ns p7fpg] cleef/f cfof]hgf . @!#= hfFrkf.DkGg ePsf] hfgsf/L lhNnf ljsf.Sg]5 .lsg]5 . -$_ lhNnf ljsf. -ª_ lhNnf ljsf. . o:tf] z'Ns lgwf{/0f ug{ cfjZos k|fljlws / cGo .DjlGwt lgsfon] afF8kmfF8 u/L ug]{ lg0f{o ePdf lhNnf ljsf. .ldltn] hfFrkfF.+rfng tyf dd{t . / km/kmf/s ug'{ u/fpg' kg]{5 . tyf km/kmf/sM km/kmf/s -!_ cfof]hgf .+ef/sf] sfo{ .ldltsf] ."rgf tyf clen]v s]G b|M lhNnfsf] jf:tljs l:yltsf] klxrfg / of]hgfa4 ljsf. . .+rfng eO/x]sf u}/–."rgf tyf clen]v .+e f/M f/ -!_ lhNnf ljsf. -3_ lhNnfsf] cfjlws of]hgf ./sf/L tyf lghL If]qsf sfo{qmdsf] ljj/0f tyf k|ult . -@_ 7"nf cfof]hgfx¿sf] .+ef/ vr{ lhNnf ljsf.Gwfg k|ltj]bgx¿ .ldltsf] cWofjlws j:t'ut k|ltj]bg . gu/kflnsf tyf lhNnf ljsf.+o'Qm ¿kn] ug{ .DkGg ePkl5 cfof]hgfsf] hfFrkf.xof]u .+ef/ ug{ u/fpg .ldltn] lg0f{o u/]adf]lhd x'g]5 .ldlt.+sng u/L /fVg' kg]{5M– -s_ lhNnfl:yt k|To]s ufpF ljsf.lsg]5 .+ef/ ug]{ lgsfosf] x'g]5 . -@_ cfof]hgf . .ldltsf] k|fljlws tyf ljQLo >f]t .ldltdf k|fKt ePkl5 k|fljlwsn] k]z u/]sf] sfo{ .DkGg k|ltj]bg / d"Nof+sgsf] cfwf/df lhNnf ljsf.]jf z'Ns tyf dd{t . . .ldltn] ."rgf tyf clen]v s]Gb| /xg]5 . -u_ k|To]s ufpF:t/Lo Pj+ gu/:t/Lo cfjlws of]hgf .+rfng / dd{t .ldltsf] jflif{s n]vf k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg .DkGg cfof]hgfx¿sf] .+ef/sf] sfo{ . k|lqmof clej[l4 ug{ k|To]s lhNnf ljsf."rgf tyf clen]v s]Gb|n] b]xfoadf]lhdsf .+rfng tyf dd{t . -v_ lhNnfsf] jflif{s d"Nof+sg k|ltj]bg .DjlGwt lgsfox¿af6 k|fKt ug{ . . To:tf] . -r_ k|To]s ufpF ljsf. .dli6ut jflif{s sfo{qmd .

@!&= b:t'/ M lhNnf ljsf. df6f] bxt/ jxt/ cflb tf]lsPadf]lhd laqmL ug{ . -v_ cfkm"n] lgdf{0f u/]sf s'nf]. -v_ kfgL3f6sf] btf{ tyf gjLs/0fsf] b:t'/ . s'nf]. wd{zfnf. KjfFv.ldlt / gu/kflnsfnfO{ lbg'kg]{5 . afFw cflbsf] . vf]6f].DalGwt ufpF ljsf. 92 . -u_ l.]jf z'Ns ./L a:t'x¿sf] laqmLaf6 k|fKt /sddWo] #%–%) k|ltzt . afn'jf tyf k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd lgif]lwt hLjhGt' afx]s cGo d[t hLjhGt'sf] xf8. jgs. @!^= . .ldltn] cfk\mgf] If]qleq tf]lsPsf] b/df ga9\g] u/L lhNnf kl/ifb\af6 kfl/t b/df b]xfoadf]lhdsf] b:t'/ nufpg .ldltn] lhNnf ljsf.]jf z'Ns . -v/_. If]qdf tf]lsPsf] b/df ga9\g] u/L lhNnf kl/ifb\\af6 kfl/t b/df cfkm"n] lgdf{0f u/]sf] jf cfkm"nfO{ x:tfGt/0f eO{ cfPsf .Sg]5M– -s_ cfkm"n] lgdf{0f u/]sf jf cfk\mgf] lhDdf /x]sf cltly u[x. -3_ tf]lsPadf]lhdsf cGo . 8'+uf tyf t'Og rnfpg] / df5f dfg]{ cg'dlt tyf gjLs/0f b:t'/ .DalGwt ufpF ljsf.kl/R5]b – ^ cfly{s Joj:yf @!%= lhNnf ljsf. 9'Fuf.+rfO{.Dd /sd . :n]6. k'n. .ldltn] lhNnf ljsf.Sg]5 . sjf8L dfn.ef u[x cflbsf] . k}gL. af6f]. . . 9'Fuf. .+u. -#_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhdsf] s/af6 k|fKt /sd dWo] #%–%) k|ltzt . l.Sg]5 . lrlsT.8s.ldltn] cfkm\gf] If]qleq tf]lsPsf] b/df ga9\g] u/L lhNnf kl/ifb\af6 kfl/t b/df b]xfoadf]lhdsf] .]jf z'Ns . lu6L. o.ldltn] nufpg kfpg] s/M s/ -!_ lhNnf ljsf. :n]6. 5fnf cflb / tf]lsPadf]lhdsf cGo j:t'df s/ nufpg .]jf z'Ns nufpg .Dd /sd .fno. z'Ns . -u_ :yfgLo ljsf. -3_ tf]lsPadf]lhdsf] cGo b:t'/ . If]qdf tf]lsPsf] b/df ga9\g] u/L lhNnf kl/ifb\\af6 kfl/t b/df pmg. . k':tfsfno.]j f z'N sM s lhNnf ljsf. -@_ lhNnf ljsf.ldlt / gu/kflnsfnfO{ lbg'kg]{5 . . kf]v/L cflbdf s/ nufpg . @!*= laqmLM laqmL lhNnf ljsf.ldltn] cfkm\gf] If]qleqsf gbLgfnfsf] afn'jf. hl8a'6L. .kmfl/z b:t'/ . .Sg]5M– -s_ gbLx¿df hn ljxf/ ug]{.Sg]5 . l.

.@!(= C0f lng . -v_ s/. 93 . k|ltzt /sd .+:yfaf6 C0f . jg. rGbf. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] sf]ifdf b]xfosf /sdx¿ /xg]5g\M– -s_ g]kfn . ./sf/af6 k|fKt x'g] /sd .+3 . . axfn. -h_ lhNnf ljsf.'n tyf z'Nsaf6 k|fKt /sd .lrj / lhNnf ljsf./sf/nfO{ k|fKt x'g] /lhi6«].ldltn] lhNnf kl/ifb\af6 :jLs[t gLlt cg'. .+3 .ldltsf] n]vf k|d'vsf] .Sg]5 .ldltn] . -@_ . . If]qdf k|j]z ubf{ g]kfn .ldltn] kfpg]5M– -s_ 3/ hUufsf] vl/b laqmL jfkt g]kfn .ldltsf] rn crn ./sf/sf] hdfgLdf a}+s jf cGo s'g} .f/ cfk\mgf] cs ef]usf] rn crn .ldltsf] sf]i fMf -!_ lhNnf ljsf. b08 hl/jfgfaf6 p7]sf] /sd . ./sf/nfO{ k|fKt x'g] /sd .efkltn] :jLs[t ah]6sf] kl/lwleq /xL cfly{s . b:t'/.ldlt / gu/kflnsfaf6 p7fOPsf] dfnkf]tsf] kRrL. @@)= /fhZj afF8kmfF8 .ldltn] v08 -r_ adf]lhdsf] /sd k|fKt ug'{cl3 g]kfn . -`_ cGo >f]taf6 k|fKt /sd .+:yfaf6 lnPsf] C0f .+o'Qm b:tvtaf6 x'g]5 . .DklQ lwtf] /fvL jf g/fvL jf g]kfn ./sf/sf] :jLs[lt lng'kg]{5 . -v_ vfgL.fk6L /sd . -u_ ko{6sx¿ lhNnf ljsf.DjGwL Joj:yfM Joj:yf -!_ b]xfosf] /sddWo] tf]lsPadf]lhdsf] /sd ./sf/ jf cGt/f{li6«o . .xfotfsf] /sd . dx.+:yfaf6 k|fKt /sd . -#_ lhNnf ljsf.Sg]5 . -ª_ s'g} JolQm jf . Jofhaf6 p7]sf] /sd .Sg]M lhNnf ljsf.fk6L lng . k]6«f]lnod. @@!= lhNnf ljsf. -3_ lhNnf ljsf. ef8f. @@@= sf]i fsf] /sd vr{ ug]{ tl/sfM tl/sf -!_ sf]ifsf] .ldltn] a}+s jf cGo s'g} .+rfng .+3 . -r_ ljb]zL . hn>f]t tyf tyf cGo k|fs[lts >f]tsf] /f]oN6L afkt g]kfn .+:yfaf6 k|fKt pkxf/. . -em_ lhNnf ljsf. cg'bfg jf .DklQ jf cGo j:t'sf] laqmL. -$_ sf]ifdf hDdf ePsf] /sd a}+sdf /fVg' kg]{5 ./sf/nfO{ k|fKt x'g] k|j]z b:t'/ . .g b:t'/. -u_ ufpF ljsf.ldltsf] Pp6f sf]if /xg]5 . -5_ /fhZj af+8kmf+8af6 k|fKt /sd.DjlGwt lhNnf ljsf.+rfng u/]sf cfod"ns sfo{qmdaf6 k|fKt /sd .xfotfdf tf]lsPadf]lhdsf] /sd vr{ ug{ .

+rfng ug{sf] nflu cfufdL cfly{s jif{sf] ah]6df .ldltsf] cfDbfgL vr{sf] n]vf /fVg' kg]{5 / To./sf/n] ljz]if ¿kn] ls6fg u/L vr{ ug{ :jLs[lt lbPdf afx]s g]kfn .fjsf] >]:tf tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 . @@#= lgdf{0 f. . .ldltsf] lg0f{o sfof{Gjog ug{ /sd vr{ ug{ . . bfg. @@$= /sdfGt/ /sdfGt/M Gt/ -!_ lhNnf kl/ifb\af6 kfl/t jflif{s ah]6 zLif{ssf] aL.|f]t .lgs sfddf vr{ ug{ kfOg] 5}g . . vl/b.|f]t. pkxf/. .dfj]z ug'{ kg]{5 .ldltn] lhNnfdf cfGtl/s .+rfng ubf{ ljifout sfo{qmdsf nflu k|fKt /sd . z'Ns tyf . b:t'/. . -&_ lhNnf ljsf. laqmL. 7]Ssf k6\6f jf cGo cfly{s sf/f]jf/ .ldltsf] cfo / Joosf] ljj/0fM ljj/0f -!_ lhNnf ljsf. @@&= lhNnf ljsf.-#_ .lgs vr{ tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .DklQsf] lnnfd jf laqmL tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .fdfg jf .xfotf zLif{sdf /sdfGt/ x'g] 5}g ./sf/n] lbPsf] cg'bfg /sd tf]lsPadf]lhdsf] k|ltzteGbf a9L k|zf. cGo s/.Sg]5 . k|ltztdf ga9fO{ lhNnf ljsf. -^_ n]vf k|d'vn] tf]lsPadf]lhd lhNnf ljsf."n.sf] n]vf k/LIf0f u/fpg' kg]{5 .ldltsf] k|zf. @@^= ah]6sf] af+s L /sdM /sd Ps cfly{s jif{df vr{ x'g g.f]xL sfo{qmddf vr{ ug'{kg]{5 cGo sfo{qmd / zLif{sdf vr{ ug{ kfOg] 5}g . vl/b tyf cGo 7]Ssf k§f :jLs[l tsf] Joj:yfM Joj:yf lgdf{0f. -%_ ljsf.DklQ jf .xfotf. 94 . z'Ns.lrjn] lhNnf kl/ifb\n] kfl/t u/]sf] ah]6sf] clwgdf /xL lhNnf ljsf. -@_ e}k/L cfpg] /sdsf] vr{ tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .ldltnfO{ sfd gnfUg] . C0f tyf cg'bfgaf6 k|fKt x'g] /sd 5'§f 5'§} b]lvg] u/L >]:tf /fVg' kg]{5 . @@*= k|zf. t/ e}k/L cfpg] / cfly{s .DjGwL k|lqmof tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .sL afFsL /xg uPsf] ah]6sf] /sd rfn" jif{df cw'/f /x]sf cfof]hgf / sfo{qmd . rGbf. @@%= lnnfd laqmLsf] Joj:yfM Joj:yf lhNnf kl/ifb\af6 :jLs[t gLlt cg'. :yfgLo ljsf. . . -@_ cfo / Joosf] zLif{s / lx./. dx.fwg.f/ lhNnf ljsf.ldltn] /sdfGt/ ug{ .lgs vr{s f] xbM xb g]kfn . -$_ sf]ifsf] /sd vr{ ubf{ lhNnf kl/ifb\n] kfl/t u/]sf] ah]6sf] clwgdf /xL k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd vr{ ug'{ kg]{5 .Sg]5 . dfnkf]t /sd.fwg . sfo{qmd .

/sf/sf] :jLs[ltlagf a]rljvg ug{ jf c? s'g} Joxf]/fn] xs 5fl8lbg kfpg] 5}g .d]t .b:ox¿sf] a}7s eQf / cGo .DklQdf lhNnf ljsf.+Vof.Sg]5 .'l jwfM jwf . .DklQ clwsf/ k|fKt clwsf/Lsf] Ohfht a]u/ km]/abn u/]df jf lxgfldgf jf gf]S.@@(= .DklQ -!_ sf]ifsf] /sdaf6 ag]sf] jf vl/b ePsf] jf lhNnf ljsf. cfGtl/s .|f]tsf] .Sg]M -!_ of] P]g jf o.f]xL ck/fw k6s–k6s u/]df k6s} lkR5] pQm hl/jfgfsf] /sddf zt k|ltzt ykL hl/jfgf ug{ .Dd hl/jfgf ug{ .'ljwf tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 . .'emfj. . -@_ lhNnf ljsf.+:yfn] xs 5fl8 lbPsf] .'s} cj:yfdf klg ab/ x'g]5 .ldltsf] xs x'g]5 / To:tf] . 95 .ldltsf] cfGtl/s n]vf k/LIf0f cfGtl/s n]vfk/LIf0f zfvfn] ug]{5 .ldltn] cfkm"nfO{ k|fKt x'g] /sd dWo] s]xL /sd tf]lsPadf]lhd ufpF:t/sf sfo{qmdx¿df vr{ ug{ ufpF ljsf.ldltn] To:tf] xfgL gf]S. @#)= lhNnf ljsf.ldltsf] lhDdfdf /x]sf] .Lldttf cflbnfO{ Wofgdf /fVg' kg]{5 . kl/R5]b – & b08 . :jLs[t lagf j]rljvg ul/lbPdf jf xs 5fl8lbPdf h'g. -#_ lhNnf kl/ifb\n] n]vf .b:ox¿sf] a}7s eQf / cGo . @#!= lhNnf ljsf.ldltsf] . @#@= n]vf k/LIf0fM k/LIf0f -!_ lhNnf ljsf. hg.DklQM . .hfo @##= b08 .ldltn] /]vb]v / k|jGw ug'{kg]{5 .DklQ lhNnfljsf. .dltsf] /fo . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd cg'bfg /sd pknAw u/fpFbf sfo{qmdsf] dfu. -@_ s.ldltn] g]kfn . .ldltn] cg'b fg lbg]M -!_ lhNnf ljsf."n pk/ ug{ . . .f] JolQmaf6 c.Sg]5 . . . .lxt k|fKt k|ltj]bgdf 5nkmn u/L n]vf k/LIf0faf6 sfod ePsf a]?h' lgoldt ug{ gldNg] ePdf a]?h' km5\of]{6sf] nflu lhNnf ljsf.ldltnfO{ cg'bfgsf] ¿kdf pknAw u/fpg' kg]{5 ./sf/ jf s'g} JolQm jf .ldltsf] clGtd n]vfk/LIf0f dxfn]vf k/LIfsaf6 x'g]5 .}n] s'g} sfd u/]df lhNnf ljsf.ldltn] Ps xhf/ ?k}ofF.ldltnfO{ g]kfn .hfo ug{ .ldltnfO{ lgb]{zg lbg' kg]{5 . . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd crn .fg u/]df jf ug{ nufPdf lhNnf ljsf. ef}uf]lns ljs6tf.Sg]5 .}sf] hfgf–hfgL jf nfk/jfxLn] lhNnf ljsf. P]g cGtu{t ag]sf] lgod jf ljlgod jf cfb]z pNn+3g u/L s. .fgL .DklQ lhNnf ljsf. . .

Sg]5 .b\efjgfdf cfFr cfpg] s'g} sfd sf/afxL u/]df . n]vf k/LIf0fsf] l:ylt.Sg]5M– -s_ g]kfn clw/fHosf] .'b[9Ls/0f tyf Ifdtf clea[l4 ug{ ljz]if sfo{qmd th'{df u/L nfu" ug{ . cv08tf. cfo / Joosf] lgoldt clen]vg sfo{. @#^= g]kfn . lk5l8Psf hghflt./sf/n] :yfgLo lgsfosf] . /fhZj kl/rfng ug{ .Sg]M :yfgLo lgsfox¿n] nufpg] s/ tyf g]kfn .sf] :t/. ljsf./sf/n] tf]Sg . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd k|fKt x'g] cg'bfg /sdx¿sf] vr{ k|0ffnL / sfo{ljlwx¿ g]kfn ."rgf k|sfzg u/L To:tf] :yfgLo lgsfonfO{ lgnDag ug{ .+3sf] k|ltlglw .DaGw @#$= g]kfn . @#&= ljQLo cfof]u u7g ug{ .Dkfbg u/] gu/]sf]./sf/n] . ljQLo .Sg]5 .Sg] .Gt'ng h:tf ljifon] k|>o kfP–gkfPsf] h:tf ljifox¿df lgoldt cg'udg u/L cfjZos lgb]{zg lbg . kof{j/0f .fDk|bflos .+Vof. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd g]kfn . @#*= lgnDag / e+u ug{ .d./sf/ n] lgb]{zg lbg lb g . @)$& ljk/Lt x'g] u/L g]kfn clw/fHosf] .DalGwt :yfgLo lgsfosf] st{Jo x'g]5 .fj{ef}d.DaGwdf cWoog tyf cg'.Sg]M -!_ g]kfn ./sf/n] :yfgLo lgsfonfO{ tf]lsPsf] Go"gtd cg'bfg pknAw u/fpg'sf] cltl/Qm .Sg]5 ./sf/n] lbPsf] lgb]{zg kfng ug'{ .Gwfg ug{./sf/ / :yfgLo lgsfo aLrsf] .DalGwt dxf.d]t /xg] u/L ljQLo cfof]u u7g ug{ ./sf/n] :yfgLo lgsfosf] . 96 .'emfj k|:t't ug{ g]kfn .fdfGo Joj:yf kl/R5]b – ! g]kfn .+ljwfg./sf/ n] cg'b fg lbg]M -!_ k|To]s jif{ g]kfn .efu– efu–% :yfgLo lgsfo .fdlos agfpg lng' kg]{ gLltut ljifodf .Sg]5 .+efJotf / Ifdtf.Qf.fwgsf] cfjZostf. dlxnf tyf afnaflnsfx¿sf] lxtnfO{ cfjZos k|fyldstf lbP glbPsf].gsf] l:ylt h:tf cfwf/df yk cg'bfg /sd pknAw u/fpg . /fli6«otf jf ./sf/n] :yfgLo lgsfonfO{ k|rlnt sfg"gåf/f tf]lsPsf] sfo{x¿ ./sf/n] . cfly{s cg'zf.DjGwL ./sf/ / :yfgLo lgsfo aLr afF8kmfF8 ug'{ kg]{ /fhZj .Sg]M -!_ s'g} :yfgLo lgsfon] b]xfosf] s'g} sfd sf/afxL u/]sf] 5 eGg] kof{Kt cfwf/ ePdf g]kfn . s/ k4lt tyf n]vf k|0ffnL .Sg]M g]kfn .Sg]5 .DalGwt :yfgLo lgsfosf] hg. @#%= ljz]i f sfo{q md nfu" ug{ ./sf/n] g]kfn /fhkqdf .

Fu .f] lgsfon] ug]{ sfd sf/jfxL ug{sf] lgldQ g]kfn ./sf/ .ldltsf] u7gM u7g -!_ o.lxtsf] ljj/0f g]kfn .Sg]5 ./sf/n] cfjZos Joj:yf ug{ . lgjf{rg geP.Sg]M k|fs[lts k|sf]k. -#_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd s'g} :yfgLo lgsfo lgnDag ePdf .DaGwdf :yfgLo lgsfon] cGo dGqfnox¿.-v_ :yfgLo lgsfosf] .DaGwdf To.DdnfO{ To:tf] :yfgLo lgsfon] ug]{ sfd sf/afxL ug]{ u/fpg] Joj:yf g]kfn .Dkfbg ePsf 5g\ 5}gg\ ./L lgnDag ePsf] ldltn] tLg dlxgfleq 5fglag u/L sf/afxL lsgf/f nufO{ ./sf/.f] sf] cg'udg ug{ tyf :yfgLo :jfoQ zf.sf] sf/0f. P]gsf] p2]Zo./L e+uePsf] ldltn] Ps jif{leq u/L.Sg' kg]{5 .dodf lgjf{rg x'g g. -^_ pkbkmf -%_ adf]lhd 5fgaLg ubf{ eª\u ug'{kg]{ cfwf/ k|dfl0ft ePdf To:tf] :yfgLo lgsfonfO{ g]kfn .f]em} . -*_ pkbkmf -%_ adf]lhd e+u ePsf] :yfgLo lgsfosf . -u_ sfj' aflx/sf] kl/l:ylt k/]df afx]s Ps jif{./sf/n] lgnDag ePkl5 a. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd s'g} :yfgLo lgsfonfO{ lgnDag ug'{ cl3 ljz]if uDeL/ kl/l:yltdf afx]s To./sf/n] a9Ldf Ps jif{sf] nflu Dofb yk u/L jf cGo ta/af6 sfo{ .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg ah]6 / sfo{qmdsf] .+./L lgnDag gug'{ kg]{ sf/0f eP . -&_ pkbkmf -^_ adf]lhd s'g} :yfgLo lgsfonfO{ e+Ë ul/Pdf To.F .Dks{M -!_ :yfgLo lgsfon] g]kfn .+rfng ug]{ Joj:yf ldnfpg . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ df h'g./sf/n] . .Dks{ /fVbf :yfgLo ljsf.Sg]5 .bsf] b'a} .b:ox¿sf] .b:ox¿sf] lgjf{rg To.b\sf] b'j} .f] Dofbleq sf/afxL lsgf/f gePdf To:tf] lgnDag :jtM lgis[o x'g]5 . @$!= cg'u dg .fO{ :yfgLo lgsfosf] sfo{ . -%_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd lgnDag ePsf] :yfgLo lgsfosf] .s]df g]kfn ."rgf k|sfzg u/L e+Ë ug{ .f] k|:t't ug]{ df}sfaf6 .Sg]5 . cfly{s lj>[Întf jf To:t} cGo ljz]if kl/l:ylt k/L :yfgLo lgsfosf] .Dd :yfgLo lgsfosf] a}7s ga.Fu .bgdf k]z ug'{kg]{5 .Dks{ /fVg .DaGwL dfGotf cg'¿k sfo{ ug{ nufpg b]xfoadf]lhdsf] ljs]Gb|Ls/0f sfof{Gjog tyf cg'udg . -$_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd lgnDag ePsf] hfgsf/L g]kfn .bgdf k]z ug'{ kg]{5 ./sf/.+. @#(= Dofb yk ug{ .Dkfbgdf afwf pTkGg u/]df .DalGwt :yfgLo lgsfonfO{ al~rt ul/g] 5}g ./sf/n] g]kfn /fhkqdf .]sf] . dGqfno dfkm{t\ /fVg'' kg]{5 .Sg' kg]{5 . gLlt tyf Joj:yf cg'¿k sfo{x¿ .Sg]5 .g .Fu ./sf/n] ug]{5 .ldltsf] u7g x'g]5M– 97 . @$)= g]kfn .DklQ jf cfo lxgfldgf u/]df .

ldltsf] .b:o – .DalGwt . /fhZj.b:o–.f] .DalGwt .ldltsf .lrj – .dIf k]z ug'{ kg]{5 .b:o – .lrj -`_ k|ltlglw .b:o -h_ g]kfn . -#_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd ul7t .efdf k|ltlglwTj u/]sf /fhg}lts bnsf Ps÷Ps hgf k|ltlglw -6_ :yfgLo lgsfo./sf/sf] d'Vo . u|fdL0f ljsf.ldltsf] dfu{ lgb]{zgdf sfd ug]{ u/L Ps sfo{ .ldlt cGtu{t . k|zf./sf/sf dGqLx¿ – .. -$_ pkbkmf -#_ adf]lhd k]z ePsf] k|ltj]bgdf To:tf] .b:o -3_ g]kfn .g tyf sfg"gsf If]qdf sDtLdf bz jif{ cg'ej k|fKt lj1x¿ dWo]af6 g]kfn . n]vf.b:o -r_ pkfWoIf.b:o -ª_ k|ltlglw . -^_ pkbkmf -%_ adf]lhdsf] sfo{ .ldlt cfkm}+n] tf]s]adf]lhd x'g]5 .Fu . dxf.efsf] .efkltx¿ -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd ul7t .efdf ljkIfL bnsf] g]tf – . dGqfnosf . dGqfnosf . dGqL – pkfWoIf -u_ k|ltlglw .b:o – . dGqL jf /fHo dGqL – ./sf/sf dGqfnox¿sf .+of]hs – .b:o -5_ .-s_ k|wfg dGqL – cWoIf -v_ :yfgLo ljsf.ldlt u7g x'g]5 .ldltsf] sfo{ljlw .lrj – .b:ox¿.b:ox¿ /xg]5g\M– -s_ :yfgLo ljsf.b:o -u_ ljs]Gb|Ls/0f.DalGwt .ldltdf b]xfoadf]lhdsf .ldltn] cfkm\gf] sfdsf] k|ltj]bg k|To]s jif{ k|ltlglw .+3sf .lrjx¿ – .ldlt .b:o -em_ g]kfn . /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]u – .ldltaf6 k|fKt lgb]{zg sfof{Gjog ug'{ u/fpg' kg]{5 .efsf] .efklt – .b:o -8_ :yfgLo ljsf.lrj – ./sf/n] tf]s]sf] 5 hgf JolQmx¿ 98 .+3. /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]u – .+of]hs -v_ :yfgLo ljsf.b:o -7_ pkbkmf -%_ adf]lhd ul7t . -%_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd u7g ePsf] .

/sf/n] tf]s] adf]lhd x'g]5 .ldltdf g]kfn ."rgf k|sfzg u/L s'g} .ldlt u7g ug{ .ldltn] lhNnfleqsf] ljsf.b:ox¿sf] .b:ox¿nfO{ g]kfn . P]gadf]lhd cfk"mnfO{ k|fKt .]jf. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd k|bfg u/]sf] clwsf/ h'g.dGjo ug{ .DalGwt dGqfnon] :yfgLo lgsfonfO{ k7fpg[' kg]{5 . -#_ :yfgLo lgsfosf] sfo{qmd .Dkfbgdf . gu/:t/Lo sfo{qmd tyf lhNnf:t/Lo sfo{qmd egL . -(_ pkbkmf -^_ adf]lhd tf]lsPsf ./sf/n] k'gM @ jif{sf] kbfjlw yk ug{ .xof]u k'¥ofpg]5 .Sg]5 ./sf/n] o.'Dkg .+:yf jf clwsf/LnfO{ . 99 .lrj -&_ pkbkmf -^_ adf]lhd u7g ePsf] sfo{ . dGqfnon] k7fpg' kg]{5 . -#_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd ul7t .a} jf s]xL clwsf/ g]kfn /fhkqdf . -$_ ljifo gtf]sL :yfgLo lgsfodf k7fOg] jflif{s cg'bfg :yfgLo ljsf.DalGwt dGqfnon] tf]Sg''kg]{5 . lgdf{0fsf] sfo{ . -@_ :yfgLo lgsfosf] cfufdL jif{sf] sfo{qmdx¿sf] nflu lbOg] cg'bfgsf] cg'dfg sflt{s dlxgfleq . @$#= . .dGjo ./sf/n] tf]s]sf] JolQm – .ldlt u7g ug]{M -!_ lhNnf ljsf..lrjfnosf ljsf. st{Jo / clwsf/ tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .+rfng ug{ .–lgdf{0fsf] sfo{x?nfO{ ufpF:t/Lo sfo{qd.Fu .Sg]5 .b:o–./sf/n] lkmtf{ lng ./sf/n] tf]s]sf .Sg]5 .-3_ slDtdf /fhkqf+lst k|yd >]0fLsf] >L % sf] .Ifd agfpg cfjZos .ldlt.Sg]M -!_ g]kfn .'ljwf / kfl/>lds g]kfn . .'D kg .b:ox¿sf] kbfjlw # jif{sf] x'g]5 .dGjo .DalGwt dGqfnon] :yfgLo lgsfonfO{ k|fljlws ¿kdf . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd ul7t . -*_ pkbkmf -^_ adf]lhd tf]lsPsf . @$$= .+of]hsx¿ /x]sf] Pp6f .'s} avt g]kfn .ldltn] cfkm\gf] .ldltsf] cGo sfd.xof]u ug'{ kg]{5 .DalGwt ljifout OsfOsf k|d'v. @$@= clwsf/ .DalGwt dGqfnon] kfngf ug'{ kg]{ s'/ fx¿M fx¿ -!_ :yfgLo :t/df ul/g] ljsf. .]jf s]Gb|x¿sf . gu/ k|d'v tyf .Sg]5 .

d]t ug'{ kg]{5. . @%!= cfof]hgfsf] nflu yk sd{rf/Lsf] Joj:yfM Joj:yf s'g} vf. @%@= k|fljlws .lsPkl5 :jtM g/xg] u/L .DalGwt cfof]hgfdf g} /fvL cfof]hgfsf] sfd .xof]u ug'{ kg]{M :yfgLo lgsfon] of] P]g / o.xof]u pknAw u/fpg' kg]{5 . eQf./sf/sf] lghfdtL .xof]u ug'{ kg]{M :yfgLo lgsfon] sfg"gsf] kl/lwleq /xL u/]sf] cfb]z jf lg0f{osf] kfngf u/fpg . -#_ :yfgLo lgsfon] cfkm\gf] >f]t. @$^= /fhg}l ts bnx¿n] . pkbfg tyf lgj[Qe/0f cflbsf] nflu nfUg] vr{sf] Joj:yf .'ljwf lbg .Fu .DkGg x'g] cfof]hgfsf] nflu cfjZos kg]{ sd{rf/Lsf] nflu nfUg] k|zf.DalGwt :yfgLo lgsfosf] kl/ifb\af6 x'g]5 .xof]u ug'{ kg]{M :yfgLo lgsfox¿n] cfkm\gf] If]qleq ljsf.DalGwt kl/ifb\n] k/fdz{ bft[ JolQm jf . -@_ sd{rf/Lsf] b/aGbL :jLs[t ubf{ .lgs vr{ .xof]u dfu u/]df :yfgLo k|x/Ln] cfjZos .]jfsf sd{rf/Lx¿sf] tnadfgnfO{ cfwf/ dfgL lgwf{/0f ug'{ kg]{5 .+ro sf]if s6[L /sd.DaGwL sfd ug{sf] lgldQ .Sg]5 . P]g cGtu{t ag]sf] lgodadf]lhd cfkm"n] ug'{ kg]{ sfd ug{sf] lgldQ /fhg}lts bnx¿.+u 7g / sd{rf/L Joj:yf @$*= sfof{nosf] :yfkgfM :yfkgf k|To]s :yfgLo lgsfosf] cf–cfkm\g} sfof{no x'g]5 . @%)= sd{rf/Lsf] kfl/>lds tyf cGo .Fu .Sg]5 .DalGwt kl/ifb\n] sd{rf/Lsf] nflu rflxg] tna. 100 .xof]u dfu u/]df To:tf sfof{nox¿n] :yfgLo lgsfonfO{ cfjZos .'l jwfM jwf -!_ sd{rf/Lsf] kfl/>ldssf] lgwf{/0f . @$(= sd{rf/L b/aGbLsf] >[hgfM gf -!_ :yfgLo lgsfon] cfk"mnfO{ cfjZos kg]{ sd{rf/Lsf] b/aGbL sfo{af]emsf] cfwf/df k|To]s lgsfon] ug'{ kg]{ sfo{x¿sf] k"0f{ ljj/0f tof/ u/L .lgs ah]6sf] kl/lwleq /xL cfkm\gf sd{rf/Lx¿nfO{ :yfgLo eQf Pj+ cGo yk .Sg]5 . .xof]u pknAw u/fpg' kg]{5 .xof]u dfu u/]df To:tf /fhg}lts bnx¿n] cfjZos .+:yf jf sd{rf/Lx¿ s/f/df lng .fwg / k|zf. @$&= k|x/Ln] .DalGwt kl/ifb\af6 :jLs[t u/fpg' kg]{5 . kl/R5]b – @ k|zf.DalGwt lhNnf:t/Lo sfof{no.Sg]M s'g} vf.@$%= lhNnf:t/Lo lhN nf:t/Lo sfof{nox?n] . -@_ sd{rf/Lx¿sf] tnadfg g]kfn .DkGg x'g] sfdsf nflu .xof]u ug'{ kg]{5 .DalGwt kl/ifb\n] sd{rf/L lgo'lQm ug{ :jLs[lt lbg . k|s[ltsf] lglZrt cjlwdf . cjlwdf . / lgdf{0f.sLo .]j f / sd{rf/Lx¿ s/f/df lng .

DaGwL Joj:yfM Joj:yf g]kfn . @%%= sd{rf/Lsf] . lgdf{0f.DaGwL ef}lts . -#_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd :yfgLo lgsfodf sfhdf vl6Psf sd{rf/Lx¿sf] sfdsf] d"Nof+sgsf] cfwf/df k'/:sf/ jf ljefuLo sf/jfxLsf] nflu . lgdf{0f.?jf eO{ hfg rfx]df g]kfn . @%^= sd{rf/Lx? sfhdf v6fpg]M -!_ o./sf/sf] cg'bfgaf6 .f]xL sfdsf nflu g]kfn .Sg]5 . If]qleq ug]{ ljsf.DaGwL .kmfl/.DalGwt :yfgLo lgsfosf] cg'/f]wdf g]kfn .+rfngsf] nflu .lrjsf] lgo'lQm ug]{5 ./sf/n] :yfgLo lgsfosf] b}lgs sfo{ .Ddsf nflu :yfgLo lgsfox¿n] .@%#= .dIf l./sf/sf lhNnf:t/Lo ljsf.?jf ug{ . ljifout sfof{nox¿ g/x]kl5 tL sfof{nox¿sf] sfof{no ejg / sfof{no . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ cg'.?jf . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] Joj:yf gx'Gh]n.s]kl5 .+rfng / .lrjsf] Joj:yfM Joj:yf g]kfn . .ldltnfO{ x:tfGt/0f ul/g]5 .]j f zt{M -!_ :yfgLo lgsfox¿sf] sfo{ ./sf/sf ljifout sfof{nox¿ /xg] 5}gg\ ./sf/ jf g]kfn .]jfsf] . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd sfhdf v6L hfg] sd{rf/Lx?sf] hjfkmb]xL . -#_ lhNnf ljsf. .]jf u7g ul/g]5 .Sg]5 .+rflnt lgsfosf sd{rf/Lx¿nfO{ To:tf] :yfgLo lgsfodf sfhdf v6fpg .Ddsf] nflu dfq sfod /xg]5 .+rfngsf nflu P]gåf/f :yfgLo .ldltsf] lgb]{zgcg'. @%&= ljifout zfvfsf] :yfkgfM :yfkgf -!_ lhNnf ljsf. .f]xL P]gåf/f lgwf{/0f ul/Padf]lhd x'g]5g\ .f/ ljifout zfvfx¿ :yfkgf geP. pQm .ldltn] lhNnf ljsf.DaGwL sfdsf] nflu lhNnf ljsf. P]gadf]lhd :yfgLo lgsfon] ug'{kg]{ sfdsf] nflu . .Sg]5 . sfof{nox¿n] lhNnf:t/Lo ljsf.]jfsf zt{x¿ .f/ sfd ug]{5g\ . ug{ ./sf/sf sd{rf/Lx¿ :yfgLo lgsfosf] .'ljwfx¿ lhNnf ljsf./sf/n] tf]lsPadf]lhdsf] k|s[of k"/f u/L .DaGwL sfo{sf] nflu tf]lsPsf] dfkb08sf] cfwf/df cf–cfkm\gf] sfof{nodf ljifout zfvf :yfkgf ug{ .Sg]5 .DalGwt :yfgLo lgsfok|lt g} /xg]5 .]jfdf .Dd g]kfn .ldltn] ljifout zfvf :yfkgf ul/.Sg]5g\ . -#_ bkmf @%# sf] Joj:yf pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] Joj:yf gx'Gh]n. 101 .lrj afx]s cGo sd{rf/Lx¿ lgo'lQm ug{ ./sf/n] g]kfn .DalGwt lgsfo. @%$= .+rfng.

/sf/L afFsL . lgdf{0f.fwg / Ifdtfn] gEofpg] cj:yfdf g]kfn .ldltn] k|of]u ug]{5 .Dks{M :yfgLo lgsfox¿n] ljb]zL .f] sfdsf] nflu cfjZos kg]{ hUuf k|rlnt sfg"gsf] /Lt k'¥ofO{ . P]gadf]lhd :yfgLo lgsfon] cfk"mnfO{ k|fKt ePsf] clwsf/sf] k|of]u u/L sfo{qmd .Sg]M :yfgLo lgsfon] cfkm\gf] If]qleq s'g} ljsf. gu/kflnsf tyf lhNnf ljsf. P]gdf cGoyf Joj:yf ePsf]df afx]s ufpF ljsf.+rfng ubf{ cfk\mgf] . b:t'/. @%(= gftf k|d fl0ft ug]{M -!_ s."n pk/ ul/lbg' kg]{5 ./sf/L .+rfng ug'{ kg]{5 .+u7g. .g sfof{non] c. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd cWoIf jf k|d'vn] gftf k|dfl0ft u/L k|df0fkq lbFbf ckgfpg'kg]{ sfo{ljlw tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 .f/ sfo{q md . .-$_ gu/kflnsfx¿n] klg tf]lsPsf] dfkb08sf] cfwf/df cfkm\gf] sfof{nodf ljifout zfvfx¿ vf]Ng . @^@= :yfgLo lgsfosf] clwsf/sf] k|of]u M o./x lhNnf k|zf. .ldlt.Fu .}. @^!= :yfgLo lgsfon] Ifdtfcg'./sf/L afFs L . . @^)= . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd cfk\mgf] >f]t. kl/R5]b – # ljljw @%*= hUuf k|fKt ug{ ./x c."n pk/ x'g ]M :yfgLo lgsfon] 7]s]sf] jf nufPsf] s/.xof]u k'¥ofpg]5 .Fusf] gftfsf] k|df0fkq rflxof] egL ufpF ljsf.DalGwt hUuf wgLnfO{ hUufsf] d'–cfAhf lbO{ k|fKt ug{ ./sf/. -%_ gu/kflnsf / lhNnf ljsf.ldltsf] ljifout zfvfsf] nflu cfjZos sd{rf/Lx¿ g]kfn ./sf/n] sfhdf v6fpg .xof]u k|fKt x'g] ePdf dfq To:tf sfo{qmdx¿sf] . . cGt/f{li6«o .DaGwL sfddf .ldlt jf gu/kflnsfdf lgj]bg lbg cfPdf cWoIf jf k|d'vn] hfFra'em u/L 7Ls 7x/]df tf]lsPsf] b:t'/ lnO{ gftf k|dfl0ftsf] k|df0fkq lbg . .fwg / Ifdtfsf] cfwf/df ug'{ kg]{5 .+:yf./sf/sf] .DaGwL sfd .Sg]5 ./sf/sf] k"j{ :jLs[lt lng' kg]{5 . tyf lgdf{0f .Dks{ /fVbf g]kfn .|f]t. .Sg]5 . z'Ns tyf c. . s'6g}lts lgof]u / cGt/f{li6«o u}/ .+3 .ldlt. @^#= j}b ]l zs .ldltnfO{ k|fKt clwsf/ o.Sg]5 5g\ .+rfng ug{ hUuf k|fKt ug'{ kg]{ ePdf . 102 ."n ug{ afFsL cGo /sd s'g} JolQmn] ga'emfPdf .Sg]5 . -^_ lhNnf ljsf.}n] s.ldltn] gu/kflnsfnfO{ ljsf. . gu/kflnsf tyf lhNnf ljsf. P]gadf]lhd ufpF ljsf.+rfng ug'{ kg]{M -!_ o.

gu/kflnsf / lhNnf ljsf. @)$*./sf/n] cfjZos lgod agfpg . @)^# n] b]xfo zAbsf] . .g]{5 .+zf]wg ug]{ P]g.DklQ / bfloTj . ./sf/Æ sf] .} P]gadf]lhd eP–u/]sf] dflgg]5 . @)$* / ljs]Gb|Ls/0f P]g.g]{M of] P]g k|f/De ePkl5 ufpF ljsf.ldlt./sf/Æ 103 . @)#( vf/]h ul/Psf 5g\ . @)$* adf]lhd eP u/]sf sfd sf/afxL o. @^%= lgod tyf ljlgod agfpg] clwsf/M clwsf/ -!_ o.'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg :yfgLo lgsfosf] u7gdf s'g} q'6L jf s'g} . .Sg]5 . -@_ ufpF ljsf. @)$*. @)$*.ldlt P]g. . .b:ox¿nfO{ k|Tofof]hg ug{ . .ldlt. @)$* adf]lhd ul7t ufpF ljsf. gu/kflnsf P]g. . gu/kflnsf / lhNnf ljsf. gu/kflnsf P]g. -@_ of] P]g / o.Sg]5 . @)$* / lhNnf ljsf.ldlt / .+rfng ug{ ljlgod agfpg . .Sg]5g\ .§f æg]kfn .§f b]xfosf] zAb /fvL ?kfGt/0f u/]sf]5 M Æ>L % .ldltx¿ o. .b:osf] :yfg l/Qm eO{ sfd sf/afxL ePsf] /x]5 eg] To:tf] sf/0fn] dfq :yfgLo lgsfosf] sfd sf/afxL ab/ x'g] 5}g . .DklQ / bfloTj o. P]gadf]lhd ul7t ufpF ljsf.Dd sfod} /xg]5g\ .ldlt P]g.ldltx¿ u7g geP. . P]gsf] p2]Zo sfof{Gjog ug{ g]kfn . gu/kflnsf / lhNnf ljsf.ldlt. @^*= vf/]hL / arfpM arfp -!_ ufpF ljsf. .ldlt.ldlt.ldltdf . @^^= . @^&= sfd sf/afxL .ldt P]g. P]g cGtu{t ag]sf] lgodsf] clwgdf /xL :yfgLo lgsfon] cfkm\gf] sfo{ .ldlt P]g. . pk . gu/kflnsf / lhNnf ljsf. P]gadf]lhd :yfgLo lgsfox¿n] cfkm"nfO{ k|fKt clwsf/dWo] s]xL clwsf/ cfkm" cGt/utsf . lhNnf ljsf. . @)$* / lhNnf ljsf.@^$= clwsf/ k|Tofof]hgM g o. @)$*.ldlt P]g.b/ dflgg]M o. b|i6Jo M != s]xL g]kfn sfg'g . -#_ of] P]g k|f/De x'Fbfsf avt sfod /x]sf ufpF ljsf. P]gdf cGoq h'g. gu/kflnsf P]g.ldltsf] .ldlt P]g. P]gadf]lhdsf] ufpF ljsf.

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