STAAD.

Pro 2007

BRITISH EXAMPLES MANUAL
DAA037800-1/0001

A Bentley Solutions Center
www.reiworld.com
www.bentley.com/staad

STAAD.Pro 2007 is a suite of proprietary computer programs of Research Engineers, a
Bentley Solutions Center . Although every effort has been made to ensure the
correctness of these programs, REI will not accept responsibility for any mistake, error
or misrepresentation in or as a result of the usage of these programs.

Copyright attribution: ©2008, Bentley Systems, Incorporated. All rights reserved.
Trademark attribution: STAAD.Pro, STAAD.foundation, Section Wizard,
STAAD.Offshore and QSE are either registered or unregistered trademarks or
service marks of Bentley Systems, Incorporated or one of its direct or indirect
wholly-owned subsidiaries. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their
respective owners.
RELEASE 2007, Build 02
Published February, 2008

About STAAD.Pro
STAAD.Pro is a general purpose structural analysis and design program with
applications primarily in the building industry - commercial buildings, bridges and
highway structures, industrial structures, chemical plant structures, dams, retaining
walls, turbine foundations, culverts and other embedded structures, etc. The program
hence consists of the following facilit ies to enable this task.
1.

2.
3.

4.

5.

6.

Graphical model generation utilities as well as text editor based commands for
creating the mathematical model. Beam and column members are represented
using lines. Walls, slabs and panel type entities are represented using triang ular
and quadrilateral finite elements. Solid blocks are represented using brick
elements. These utilities allow the user to create the geometry, assign properties,
orient cross sections as desired, assign materials like steel, concrete, timber,
aluminum, specify supports, apply loads explicitly as well as have the program
generate loads, design parameters etc.
Analysis engines for performing linear elastic and pdelta analysis, finite element
analysis, frequency extraction, response spectrum and time histor y analysis.
Design engines for code checking and optimization of steel, aluminum and timber
members. Reinforcement calculations for concrete beams, columns, slabs and
shear walls. Design of shear and moment connections for steel members.
Result viewing, result verification and report generation tools for examining
displacement diagrams, bending moment and shear force diagrams, beam, plate
and solid stress contours, etc.
Peripheral tools for activities like import and export of data from and to other
widely accepted formats, links with other popular softwares for niche areas like
reinforced and prestressed concrete slab design, footing design, steel connection
design, etc.
A library of exposed functions called OpenSTAAD which allows users to access
STAAD.Pro’s internal functions and routines as well as its graphical commands to
tap into STAAD’s database and link input and output data to third -party software
written using languages like C, C++, VB, VBA, FORTRAN, Java, Delphi, etc.
Thus, OpenSTAAD allows users t o link in-house or third-party applications with
STAAD.Pro.

About the STAAD.Pro Documentation
The documentation for STAAD.Pro consists of a set of manuals as described below.
These manuals are normally provided only in the electronic format, with p erhaps some
exceptions such as the Getting Started Manual which may be supplied as a printed
book to first time and new-version buyers.
All the manuals can be accessed from the Help facilities of STAAD.Pro. Users who
wish to obtain a printed copy of the books may contact Research Engineers. REI also
supplies the manuals in the PDF format at no cost for those who wish to print them on
their own. See the back cover of this book for addresses and phone numbers.
Getting Started and Tutorials: This manual contains information on the contents of
the STAAD.Pro package, computer system requirements, installation process, copy
protection issues and a description on how to run the programs in the package.
Tutorials that provide detailed and step-by-step explanation on using the programs are
also provided.
Examples Manual: This book offers examples of various problems that can be solved
using the STAAD engine. The examples represent various structural analyses and
design problems commonly encountered by structural engineers.
Graphical Environment: This document contains a detailed description of the
Graphical User Interface (GUI) of STAAD.Pro. The topics covered include model
generation, structural analysis and design, result verification, and report generation.
Technical Reference Manual: This manual deals with the theory behind the
engineering calculations made by the STAAD engine. It also includes an explanation
of the commands available in the STAAD command file.
International Design Codes: This document contains information on the various
Concrete, Steel, and Aluminum design codes, of several countries, that are
implemented in STAAD.
The documentation for the STAAD.Pro Extension component(s) is available
separately.

i

Introduction
The tutorials in the Getting Started Manual mention 2 methods of
creating the STAAD input data.
a.

Using the facilities of the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
modelling mode
b. Using the editor which comes built into the STAAD program
Method (a) is explained in great detail in the various tutorials of
that manual.
The emphasis in this Examples manual is on creating the data
using method (b). A number of examples, representing a wide
variety of structural engineering problems, are presented. All the
input needed is explained line by line to facilitate the
understanding of the STAAD command language. These examples
also illustrate how the various commands in the program are to be
used together.
Although a user can prepare the input through the STAAD GUI, it
is quite useful to understand the language of the input for the
following reasons:
1) STAAD is a large and comprehensive structural engineering
software. Knowledge of the STAAD language can be very
useful in utilizing the large number of facilities available in
the program.
The Graphical User Interface can be used to generate the input
file for even the most complex of structures. However, the user
can easily make changes to the input data if he/she has a good
understanding of the command language and syntax of the
input.

ii

2) The input file represents the user's thought about what he/she
wants to analyze or design. With the knowledge of the STAAD
command language, the user or any other person can verify the
accuracy of the work.
The commands used in the input file are explained in Section 5 of
the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. Users are urged to refer
to that manual for a better understanding of the language.
The procedure for creating the file using the built-in editor is
explained further below in this section. Alternatively, any standard
text editor such as Notepad or WordPad may also be used to create
the command file. However, the STAAD.Pro command file editor
offers the advantage of syntax checking as we type the commands.
The STAAD.Pro keywords, numeric data, comments, etc. are
displayed in distinct colors in the STAAD.Pro editor. A typical editor
screen is shown below to illustrate its general appearance.

iii

To access the built-in editor, first start the program and follow the
steps explained in Sections 1.3 and 1.4 of the Getting Started manual.

You will then encounter the dialog box shown in the following
figure. In this dialog box, choose Open STAAD Editor.

For your convenience. and so on.std for example 8. The example files are named in accordance with the order they appear in this manual. and “spro2007” is the name of the installation folder if you happened to go with the default during installation. The commands may be typed in upper or lower case letters. examp01. You will find them in the folder location X:\spro2007\staad\examp\uk where “X:” is the drive. the data for all the examples presented in this manual are supplied to you along with the program CD. Delete all the command lines displayed in the editor window and type the lines shown in bold in the various examples in this book (You don’t have to delete the lines if you know which to keep and where to fill in the rest of the commands). namely.std for example 1. the editor screen will open as shown below. .iv At this point. examp08.

Then. as shown below. or. open the file you are interested in. . They too are installed along with the examples. To view their contents in the editor. go to the Edit menu. and choose Edit Input Command File.v The second part of this book contains a set of verification problems which compares the analytical results from the program with standard publications on the subject. click on the STAAD editor icon.

vi A new window will open up with the data listed as shown here: To exit the Editor. . select the File | Exit menu option of the editor window (not the File | Exit menu of the main window behind the editor window).

2 19 Example Problem No. 12 105 Example Problem No. 3 27 Example Problem No. 8 65 Example Problem No. 6 53 Example Problem No. 14 121 Example Problem No.Table of Contents Part – I Example Problems Example Problem No. 16 147 Example Problem No. 17 155 Example Problem No. 20 183 Example Problem No. 19 173 Example Problem No. 5 47 Example Problem No. 21 189 . 18 165 Example Problem No. 10 85 Example Problem No. 13 113 Example Problem No. 4 35 Example Problem No. 11 93 Example Problem No. 15 133 Example Problem No. 7 59 Example Problem No. 9 75 Example Problem No. 1 1 Example Problem No.

3 5 Verification Problem No. 28 263 Example Problem No. 1 1 Verification Problem No. 7 17 Verification Problem No. 24 221 Example Problem No.Example Problem No. 8 19 Verification Problem No. 26 243 Example Problem No. 27 251 Example Problem No. 11 27 Verification Problem No. 10 23 Verification Problem No. 6 15 Verification Problem No. 29 281 Part – II Verification Problems Verification Problem No. 4 9 Verification Problem No. 9 21 Verification Problem No. 22 199 Example Problem No. 25 235 Example Problem No. 12 31 . 5 11 Verification Problem No. 23 209 Example Problem No. 2 3 Verification Problem No.

PART – I APPLICATION EXAMPLES .

.

6 . 2 .This example demonstrates the application of support displacement load (commonly known as sinking support) on a space frame structure.A floor structure (bound by global X-Z axis) made up of steel beams is subjected to area load (i. Since member sizes change during the member selection. 3) Example problem No.This is an example of prestress loading in a plane frame structure. Load generation based on one-way distribution is illustrated in this example. 2) Example problem No.This example is a typical case of a load-dependent structure where the structural condition changes for different load cases. It covers two situations: 1) The prestressing effect is transmitted from the member on which it is applied to the rest of the structure through the connecting members (known in the program as PRESTRESS load). 2) The prestressing effect is experienced by the member(s) alone and not transmitted to the rest of the structure (known in the program as POSTSTRESS load). This is done to prevent these members from carrying any compressive forces. 5) Example problem No. . 5 . 1 . different bracing members are made inactive for different load cases. After one analysis. 4) Example problem No. 6) Example problem No. 4 . In this example. 3 .A portal frame type steel structure is sitting on a concrete footing. load/area of floor).Description of Example Problems 1) Example problem No.e. The soil is to be considered as an elastic foundation. member selection is requested. another analysis is done followed by final code checking to verify that the final sizes meet the requirements of the code based on the latest analysis results.Plane frame with steel design.

This example demonstrates generation of load cases for the type of loading known as a moving load. 12 . . Secondary moments on the columns are obtained through the means of a P-Delta analysis. The connection eccentricity is modeled through specification of MEMBER OFFSETS. the maximum force envelope is requested for a few specific members. 8) Example problem No. 12) Example problem No. Design calculations consist of computation of reinforcement for beams and columns. To avoid looking into a lot of output. The mobile loads are discretized into several individual immobile load cases at discrete positions. Design of an element is performed.Calculation of displacements at intermediate points of members of a plane frame is demonstrated in this example. Reinforcement calculations have been done for some elements.This example illustrates modelling of structures with OFFSET connections. 11 . 7 . This type of loading occurs classically when the load-causing units move on the structure. 10) Example problem No. Results of a static and dynamic analysis are combined. 10 . Offset connections arise when the center lines of the connected members do not intersect at the connection point.7) Example problem No.In this example.A space frame structure in this example consists of frame members and finite elements. as in the case of trucks on a bridge deck. The finite element part is used to model floor flat plates and a shear wall. 9 . enormous number of load cases may be created resulting in plenty of output to be sorted. concrete design is performed on some members of a space frame structure. 13 . 13) Example problem No. 8 . The combined results are then used for steel design. 9) Example problem No.A tank structure is modeled with four-noded plate elements. Water pressure from inside is used as loading for the tank. 11) Example problem No. During this process.Dynamic analysis (Response Spectrum) is performed for a steel structure.

14) Example problem No. 20 . A P-Delta analysis is performed to obtain the secondary effects of the lateral and vertical loads acting simultaneously. 15 . 18) Example problem No. member end forces and support reactions are determined.A space frame is analyzed for loads generated using the built-in wind and floor load generation facilities. 21 .This example illustrates the modeling of tension-only members using the MEMBER TENSION command. 21) Example problem No. 18 . 19) Example problem No. 16) Example problem No.This is an example which demonstrates the calculation of principal stresses on a finite element. The maxima of the joint displacements.This example demonstrates the usage of inclined supports. . The seismic loads are generated using the procedures of the 1994 UBC Code. 14 .A space frame is analyzed for seismic loads. 20) Example problem No.The usage of User Provided Steel Tables is illustrated in this example for the analysis and design of a plane frame.Dynamic Analysis (Time History) is performed for a 3 span beam with concentrated and distributed masses. 15) Example problem No.This example generates the geometry of a cylindrical tank structure using the cylindrical coordinate system. STAAD offers a few different methods for assigning inclined supports. 16 . 17 . 17) Example problem No. The word INCLINED refers to the fact that the restraints at a joint where such a support is specified are along a user-specified axis system instead of along the default directions of the global axis system. 19 . The structure is subjected to "forcing function" and "ground motion" loading. and we examine those in this example.

This is an example of the analysis of a structure modelled using “SOLID” finite elements. 26 .22) Example problem No. The slab is subjected to various types of loading and analysis of the structure is performed. 23) Example problem No.This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to automatically generate spring supports for a slab on grade. A tension/compression only analysis of the structure is performed. 29) Example problem No. the PERFORM ANALYSIS command is specified once for each primary load case. 27) Example problem No. 25) Example problem No. 23 . . 24) Example problem No.This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to apply the compression only attribute to automatically generated spring supports for a slab on grade. 28) Example problem No. The elaborate dynamic analysis procedure called time history analysis is used.A space frame structure is subjected to a sinusoidal loading. pier-cap girders and a deck slab. The structure consists of piers. Using the masterslave command. the floors are specified to be rigid diaphragms for inplane actions but flexible for bending actions. 24 .The structure in this example is a building consisting of member columns as well as floors made up of beam members and plate elements. 28 . 29 . 22 .This example demonstrates the input required for obtaining the modes and frequencies of the skewed bridge. The commands necessary to describe the sine function are demonstrated in this example. This example also illustrates the method for applying an “enforced” displacement on the structure.This example demonstrates the usage of compression-only members. Time History analysis is performed on this model. 26) Example problem No. Since the structural condition is load dependent. 27 .Analysis and design of a structure for seismic loads is demonstrated in this example. 25 . The slab is subjected to pressure and overturning loading.

NOTES .

NOTES .

1 Plane frame with steel design. Since member sizes change during the member selection.Example Problem 1 Example Problem No. member selection is requested. another analysis is done followed by final code checking to verify that the final sizes meet the requirements of the code based on the latest analysis results. 1 . After one analysis.

5 .25 10.5 13.5 3 4 6 4 5 . the Z coordinates need not be provided. 8 TO 13 TA ST UB457X152X52 14 TO 23 TA ST UA100X100X8 Member properties are from the British steel table.3 2 6.5 11. MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 3 4 TA ST UC356X368X129 . 13 8 13 14 9 12 . 2 9 0 .5 .5 10.75 10.5 8 9 10. 9 12 14 10 14 16 . . 15 6 12.5 . 1 Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 19 10 13 . The word ST stands for standard single section. 2 TA ST UC254X254X73 5 6 7 TA ST UB533X210X82 . 23 8 10 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. 12 1. 16 11 14 .4 14 3 12. 11 15 16 . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 7 0 10. 7 5 6 . 4 3 6 5 6 6 . 12 13 15 . Semicolon signs (. 13 7. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE PROBLEM NO. 15 9 14 . 3 0 6 .) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line.5 11. 9 2. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3. UNIT METER KN Specifies the unit to be used. 22 10 11 .5 11 4.2 3 7. 16 4.Application Examples 2 Example Problem 1 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.Part I .4 6 8.3 . 17 11 15 18 10 15 . 6 9 6 . 8 7 12 . Since this is a plane structure. 20 7 9 21 9 11 .3 .4 . 10 6.2 Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above.

strong axis moment) at node 3. ALL DEN 76. See section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual for the definition of the BETA angle. This means that these members can carry only axial tension/compression and no moments.0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT METER The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). UNIT KN MMS CONSTANTS E 210. MEMB RELEASE 5 START MZ Member 5 has local moment-z (MZ) released at the start joint. Length unit is changed from METER to MM to facilitate the input.e. SUPPORT 1 FIXED . This means that the member cannot carry any moment-z (i.Example Problem 1 MEMB TRUSS 14 TO 23 The above command defines that members 14 through 23 are of type truss. 2 PINNED A fixed support is located at joint 1 and a pinned support at joint 2.977E-09 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. The BETA command specifies that members 3 and 4 are rotated by 90 degrees around their own longitudinal axis. etc. 3 . POISSON.

LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.Application Examples 4 Example Problem 1 PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION LIST 1 5 14 PRINT MEMBER PROPERTY LIST 1 2 5 8 14 The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory. FY indicates that the load is a force in the global Y direction. Load 1 contains joint loads also. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. The LIST option restricts the print output to the members listed. the factor of -1.Part I .5 . .0.0 One of the components of load case 1 is the selfweight of the structure acting in the global Y direction with a factor of -1. 8 TO 10 UNI Y -15. Loads are applied on members 6.0 .0 indicates that this load will act downwards.5 Load 1 contains member loads also. and 8 to 13. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -13.0 . 6 UNI GY -17. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction while Y indicates local Y direction. CALCULATE RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY The above command at the end of load case 1. LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT MEMBER LOAD 1 2 UNI GX 9. JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -65. is an instruction to perform a natural frequency calculation based on the Rayleigh method using the data in the above load case. Since global Y is vertically upward. SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 11 FY -155.

Any line beginning with the * mark is treated as a comment line. PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory.2 MEMB 3 4 RATIO 0.9 ALL The PARAMETER command is used to specify steel design parameters such as NSF. The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length.75 The above command identifies a combination load (case no. KY. The RATIO 5 . 3) with a title. The second line provides the load cases and their respective factors used for the load combination. PARAMETER CODE BRITISH NSF 0. LOAD LIST 1 3 The above command activates load cases 1 and 3 only for the commands to follow. Also note that all the forces and reactions will be printed for load cases 1 and 3 only. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.Example Problem 1 Load case 2 is initiated and contains several member loads.85 ALL BEAM 1 ALL KY 1.75 2 0. * 1/3 RD INCREASE IS ACCOMPLISHED BY 75% LOAD LOAD COMB 3 75 PERCENT DL LL WL 1 0. etc. Information on these parameters can be obtained from the manual where the implementation of the code is explained. This also means that load case 2 will be made inactive.

PERFORM ANALYSIS As a result of the selection and grouping. . The actual load to member capacity RATIO has been redefined as 1. The TRACK parameter tells the program to print out the design results to the intermediate level of descriptivity. GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 TO 13 14 TO 23 Although the program selects the most economical section for all members.9. which in this case is the default and hence the AREA.0 ALL RATIO 1. GROUPing is a procedure by which the cross section which has the largest value for the specified attribute. it is not always practical to use many different sizes in one structure. from among the associated member list.Part I . SELECT ALL The above command instructs the program to select the most economic section for ALL the members based on the results of the analysis. is assigned to all members in the list.0. the member sizes are no longer the same as the ones used in the original analysis.Application Examples 6 Example Problem 1 parameter specifies that the ratio of actual loading over section capacity should not exceed 0.0 ALL TRACK 1.0 ALL A new set of values are now provided for the above parameters. 3 and 4 are replaced with the one with the largest area from among the three. it is necessary to reanalyze the structure using the new properties to get new values of forces in the members. Hence. PARAMETER BEAM 1. the cross sections for members 1. Hence.

the latest member sizes with the latest analysis results are checked to verify that they satisfy the CODE specifications. STEEL TAKE OFF This command instructs the program to list the length and weight of all the different member sizes. 7 .Example Problem 1 CHECK CODE ALL With the above command. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.

12.3 .5 .25 10. 16.75 10. 15. 5.00 RELEASES 000001000000 TRUSS ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 34. 12 13 15 . 2 9 0 . 2 3 7 .5 10. 17. 19. 5 3 4 6 4 5 .3 . 16 4.000 3. 13 8 13 14 9 12 .00 0. 20 7 9 21 9 11 . 33. 26. 22 10 11 . 4. 4 6 8 . 29. 7 0 10. 9 12 14 10 14 16 . 23 8 10 MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 3 4 TA ST UC356X368X129 . 7 5 6 . PRINT MEMBER PROPERTY LIST 1 2 5 8 14 . 21. 24.5 11. 27.5 11 4. 3 0 6 .5 11. 6. 2 PINNED PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION LIST 1 5 14 MEMBER INFORMATION -----------------MEMBER 1 5 14 START JOINT END JOINT LENGTH (METE) BETA (DEG) 1 3 9 3 4 12 6. 6 9 6 . 22. 32. ALL DEN 76. 2 TA ST UC254X254X73 5 6 7 TA ST UB533X210X82 .5 8 9 10. 31.5 13. 11 15 16 . 13 7. 28. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 7. 1 UNIT METER KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 18. 15 6 12.2 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3 . 2.4 . 23. 15 9 14 . 4 3 6 5 6 6 .5 . 30. 8 7 12 . 3.4 14 3 12.Application Examples 8 Example Problem 1 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 9 2. 20. 9.Part I . 10. 19 10 13 . 8.000 1. 17 11 15 18 10 15 . 14. 13. 12 1.172 0. 10 6. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE PROBLEM NO. 8 TO 13 TA ST UB457X152X52 14 TO 23 TA ST UA100X100X8 MEMB TRUSS 14 TO 23 MEMB RELEASE 5 START MZ UNIT KN MMS CONSTANTS E 210.977E-09 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90.0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT METER SUPPORT 1 FIXED .5 . 11. 25. 16 11 14 . Intl. 3 2 6 .Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.

65 3.0 * 1/3 RD INCREASE IS ACCOMPLISHED BY 75% LOAD LOAD COMB 3 75 PERCENT DL LL WL 1 0.62 306.85 105.0 . 44. 8 TO 10 UNI Y -15.61 21370. .00 50.11 11410.60 5.37 84.78 3908.07 2007. 43.48726 CPS * * MAX DEFLECTION = 2. 28 ********************************************************** * * * RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY FOR LOADING 1 = 3.75 2 0.00 2263. 47.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -65. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 43 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.00 29. 48.5 .33 40250. 45.00 898. LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1. LOAD LIST 1 3 50.18 15.74 645.90 60.CM ----------------MEMB PROFILE 1 ST UC356X368X129 2 ST UC254X254X73 5 ST UB533X210X82 8 ST UB457X152X52 14 ST UA100X100X8 AX/ AY IZ/ AZ 164. AT JOINT 7 * * * ********************************************************** 49. UNIT .73 57.55 IX/ SY 152.33 33. PRINT MEMBER FORCES 9 . 37. 36.00 36.36 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 35. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION. 42. 22 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.99 51.10 21. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN.00 116. 41.60 34.86 15.24 21.20 235.5 CALCULATE RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT MEMBER LOAD 1 2 UNI GX 9.07 47540.NO. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -13.00 1799. 25 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN.NO.00 950.00 49. 46.52 192.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 23/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.Example Problem 1 MEMBER PROPERTIES.54544 CM GLO X. 39.33 IY/ SZ 14610.00 65.98 93. 38. 11 FY -155.61 792.54 5. 6 UNI GY -17.NO. 40.72 66.

00 0.00 0.67 4 5 4 5 -14.00 0.13 -187.00 0.00 0.51 88.32 88.70 -24.47 -0.54 107.00 0.00 0.57 -117.39 40.00 0.14 141.00 0.00 3 4 3 4 -14.00 0.00 0.69 -45.07 27.00 0.97 0.96 -31.00 0.00 0.00 0.43 -167.00 0.97 2.00 0.61 -160.70 34.00 0.00 0.00 -33.38 -11.78 7.00 30.38 97.00 0.07 -167.00 0.00 -22.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.85 -126.91 15 16 15 16 188.97 5.23 45.13 140.73 31.78 7.00 0.43 -22.68 1 1 3 4 1 3 5 1 3 6 1 3 7 1 3 8 1 3 9 1 3 10 1 3 11 1 3 12 1 3 13 (LOCAL ) 1 3 3 METE LOAD 3 2 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE 1 3 .00 -202.63 -59.04 -99.96 -95.00 0.00 0.15 133.00 0.73 133.00 71.00 46.00 0.00 0.69 -45.58 5 6 5 6 -14.61 -70.00 75.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.57 -61.36 -147.98 -70.54 0.73 2 6 2 6 258.20 0.00 0.00 0.13 -43.00 -76.72 40.00 0.00 0.69 0.13 -184.00 0.00 0.15 -122.00 0.00 -26.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.23 45.23 45.00 0.64 -46.00 0.00 0.17 179.00 0.00 0.00 0.97 168.99 -7.13 0.00 0.00 241.06 0.26 43.00 0.00 0.99 38.10 -187.00 0.51 -5.68 57.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 3 7 3 7 150.23 14.00 -72.21 48.00 -75.00 132.92 60.00 0.68 70.63 -57.00 0.00 0.92 0.43 46.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.54 -238.00 0.69 14.80 0.74 -182.00 0.47 22.27 -88.00 0.00 0.00 0.72 -20.15 -81.63 0.00 0.00 0.62 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.17 11.00 0.09 -15.06 -75.00 0.00 0.00 0.36 -250.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 118.82 -137.23 -105.00 -27.06 334.00 -241.00 0.12 -153.56 -118.39 45.00 0.Part I .18 59.51 57.66 -137.37 -11.57 -132.00 0.KN MEMBER 1 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 3 1 3 239.00 0.69 0.81 -79.00 30.00 0.56 -45.00 0.00 0.17 75.58 -234.00 0.80 0.00 0.42 8 13 8 13 185.54 -5.28 7 12 7 12 167.66 99.00 6 8 6 8 142.23 112.13 128.00 0.43 0.75 26.47 -60.00 0.54 0.00 0.00 0.64 160.32 0.19 112.07 -57.00 0.17 30.23 81.00 0.00 0.78 -15.00 94.99 0.00 0.00 0.69 -54.00 0.15 14 16 14 16 188.00 0.00 0.69 0.69 14.28 123.18 12 14 12 14 168.00 0.40 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.74 -232.42 -81.00 0.69 15.97 -167.00 0.51 173.69 -45.02 -172.96 -99.77 -88.91 13 15 13 15 182.67 -173.00 0.67 154.00 0.86 0.04 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 36.00 0.00 0.47 22.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 54.73 76.13 33.80 202.00 0.Application Examples 10 Example Problem 1 MEMBER END FORCES ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.69 14.00 0.79 244.00 0.00 0.78 85.00 0.00 0.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11 14 11 14 -107.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 66.78 -15.25 -25.00 0.00 0.44 95.00 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT 1 2 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 3 1 3 7.00 0.10 0.85 0.00 0.82 -43.22 -95.00 0.10 0.09 0.00 0.00 10 11 10 11 -99.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.28 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.22 85.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 10 13 10 13 12.00 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 0.97 90.67 258.21 111.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 99.00 0.00 0.00 1 1 3 17 1 3 18 1 3 19 1 3 20 1 3 21 1 3 22 1 3 23 (LOCAL ) JT 3 16 METE LOAD 3 15 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE 1 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 51.00 0.07 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.54 -25.00 0.85 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.12 25.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 1 MEMBER END FORCES ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.24 29.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 6.00 0.14 0.14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 -107.87 -29.14 0.05 0.03 0.21 -32.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.09 0.00 7 9 7 9 -85.00 0.00 0.00 0.21 5.97 -66.00 0.00 0.14 0.00 -72.00 0.00 8 10 8 10 -111.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.14 0.00 0.03 -5.00 0.78 -85.07 0.10 0.00 0.76 -4.00 0.05 0.03 0.14 0.98 44.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.10 0.14 0.00 9 14 9 14 4.43 0.00 0.00 0.65 0.00 0.00 0.60 -26.81 26.32 -12.00 0.00 0.00 0.79 0.00 0.27 32.00 0.88 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.59 10.00 9 11 9 11 -90.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 11 .54 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.51 0.00 0.05 0.07 0.56 -7.44 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 334.00 0.00 10 15 10 15 -10.00 0.36 244.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 94.74 179.00 0.69 239.00 0.00 0.00 0.72 107.00 0.00 11 15 11 15 -94.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 0.60 107.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.KN MEMBER 14 AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 9 12 9 12 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.

85 ALL BEAM 1 ALL KY 1.00 BS-4.6 (T) 0.13 C 11 ST UB406X140X39 PASS 188.97 T 22 ST UA50X50X5 PASS 99.1 0.1 140.00 0.Application Examples 12 Example Problem 1 52.44 T 21 ST UA45X45X5 PASS 90.00 BS-4.63 0.754 0.36 C 3 ST UC305X305X97 PASS 244.44 0.9 ALL SELECT ALL 4 STAAD.774 0.2 MEMB 3 RATIO 0.66 C 5 ST UB406X178X67 PASS 14.625 75.632 75.1 0.60 C 19 ST UA40X40X3 PASS 12.6 0.00 0.21 T BS-4.3.00 1 0.KN METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST UC305X305X118 PASS 179.6 0.00 BS-4.00 BS-4. 56.25 T 23 ST UA65X50X5 PASS 111.816 0.637 0.69 T 7 ST UB406X178X67 PASS 45.6 (T) 0.00 ANNEX I.56 C 14 ST UA50X50X4 PASS 29.857 0.00 ANNEX I.00 BS-4.875 247.855 241.15 BS-4.Part I .97 0.07 0.00 0.6 (T) 0.00 0.88 T 18 ST UA60X60X5 PASS 26. 55.75 3 3.00 ANNEX I.87 C 15 ST UA40X40X3 PASS 4.00 BS-4.784 133.00 3 0.00 0.00 1 0.00 1 3 3 1 3.3.00 BS-4.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .583 99.781 0.1 0.51 0.3.3.Pro MEMBER SELECTION .6 0. 58.799 0.13 ANNEX I.882 0.00 0. 54.97 C 9 ST UB356X127X33 PASS 168.1 94.82 T 17 ST UA45X45X6 PASS 107.34 3 0.74 C 13 ST UB406X140X39 PASS 118.00 BS-4.887 0.829 234.6 0.34 3 2.00 0.96 0.00 BS-4.865 0.75 1 1.770 334.6 (T) 0.00 0.6 0.69 T 6 ST UB406X178X67 PASS 14.888 0.00 BS-4.23 T 8 ST UB356X127X33 PASS 167.00 1 0.54 C 4 ST UC305X305X97 PASS 141.00 1 0.32 C 20 ST UA40X40X6 PASS 95.63 0. PARAMETER CODE BRITISH NSF 0.04 0. 53.583 99.28 0.6 (T) 0.7 (C) 0.00 BS-4.(BSI ) ************************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2.00 BS-4.00 3 0.3.00 BS-4.00 1 2.00 0. GROUP MEMB 1 3 4 3 0.00 .00 BS-4.888 0.642 76.00 0.00 1 0.80 0.00 ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 59. 57.00 1 0.75 1 3 0.00 ANNEX I.1 0.3.6 (T) 0.07 0.721 75.10 C 12 ST UB356X127X33 PASS 182.6 0.76 C 16 ST UA45X45X6 PASS 107.7 (C) 0.00 BS-4.43 C 10 ST UB406X140X39 PASS 188.00 0.3.7 (C) 0.00 ANNEX I.7 (C) 0.00 0.00 1 1 1 1.6 0.67 C 2 ST UC203X203X46 PASS 150.

KN METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST UC305X305X118 PASS BS-4..3 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 13 .m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 518.kN.00.00.7 PV= 600.5 PT= 0. my = 1. myx = 1. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN.m SECTION CLASS 2 | |MCZ= 136.00. myx = 1.25 FX/PZ = 0.00 | | PZ= 3975..06 MRZ= 514.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 1 UNIT . 28 ********************************************************** * * * RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY FOR LOADING 1 = 2. my = 1.7 PC= 869.1 0.00. myx = 1..0 MB= 434..7 PV= 600. mx = 1.NO..97 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 2 UNIT ..1| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1. GROUP MEMB 5 6 1 (ST UC305X305X118 ) LIST= 1.00 70.1| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 518.0 MB= 105..7 MCY= 62. 25 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN.85 0.00 351.21 C 0.00 FX/PZ = 0.. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 63.00.00.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 3 UNIT . my = 1. mx = 1. 65.4| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1. AT JOINT 7 * * * ********************************************************** 64.7 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 3 ST UC305X305X118 PASS ANNEX I..66 0.04 MRZ= 516.0 MB= 434. GROUP MEMB 14 TO 23 13 (ST UB406X140X39 ) LIST= 8.00 | | PZ= 1614.00.64 C 0.9 PT= 0.7 PV= 241.kN. GROUP MEMB 8 TO 13 7 (ST UB406X178X67 ) LIST= 5.3 PC= 2042. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 62. 7 GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 61. 67.6 0.kN.9 MCY= 234.809 3 178.Pro CODE CHECKING .3. ** ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE . PARAMETER BEAM 1.0 ALL RATIO 1.9 MRY= 62.00 FX/PZ = 0.00.09 MRZ= 133.93129 CM GLO X.NO. PERFORM ANALYSIS 18 (ST UA60X60X5 ) LIST= 14.1 0.4 MRY= 234. ** ALL CASES BEING MADE ACTIVE BEFORE RE-ANALYSIS..0 ALL TRACK 1.3 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 2 ST UC203X203X46 PASS ANNEX I. 66.680 1 147.7 PT= 0.3 MRY= 234. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.0 ALL CHECK CODE ALL STAAD..NO.(BSI ) *********************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2.. 22 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.Example Problem 1 GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 60.9 MCY= 234.52812 CPS * * MAX DEFLECTION = 4.3 PC= 2455. mx = 1.18 C 91.00 | | PZ= 3975. 68.496 3 240.

9 PV= 420. myx = 1.4| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.6 0.0 MB= 170.4 PT= 1998.00.00. my = 1.3.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 5 UNIT .7 PV= 594.00.3 PT= 0.3.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 7 UNIT .9 PC= 1092.03 MRZ= 369.00 229.14 MRZ= 194. mx = 1.00.00 | | PZ= 1366.0 MB= 170.12 MRZ= 195. myx = 1.1 0.00 | | PZ= 1366.0 PT= 0.58 C 0.6 0.0 PC= 52889.3.32 1.9 PC= 1092.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 4 UNIT . my = 1.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 11 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4.84 C 137.kN.12 MRZ= 195.00.00.9 PC= 1092.kN.00 FX/PZ = 0.00 | | PZ= 3975.6 0.3 PT= 0. my = 1.00.72 FX/PZ = 0.Application Examples 14 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .3 MRY= 23.4 MRY= 234.75 FX/PZ = 0.839 1 14.1 MRY= 63. mx = 1.0 MB= 483.kN.00.00 241.0 MB= 170.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 9 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4.00.9 PV= 420.75 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 11 UNIT .6 MB= 282. my = 1.75 FX/PZ = 0.04 FX/PZ = 0.75 FX/PZ = 0.9 PV= 420.3.Part I .9 MRY= 63.3.7 PV= 594. mx = 1.41 C 0.75 FX/PZ = 0.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 370. mx = 1.2 MRY= 23.97 0.4| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 7 ST UB406X178X67 PASS BS-4.9 MCY= 234.565 1 186.73 C 0.4| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1. myx = 1.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| .3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 10 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4.36 T 0. my = 1.kN.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 6 ST UB406X178X67 PASS BS-4.kN.00 | | PZ= 78652.3 PT= 0.2 MCY= 63.00.03 MRZ= 370. my = 1.0 PT= 1998.3 PT= 0.00 96.KN METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 4 ST UC305X305X118 PASS ANNEX I.1 MCY= 23. myx = 1.1 MCY= 23.7 PV= 594.565 1 186. myx = 1.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 8 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4. myx = 1.14 MRZ= 194.00.812 3 44.6 MB= 282.1 MCY= 23.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 518.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.00 237.2 MRY= 23.6 0.10 3.00 96.kN.9 PV= 420.415 1 163.00 | | PZ=349861.03 MRZ= 370.6 0.3.3.64 1.3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.9 PC= 1092.75 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 9 UNIT .68 FX/PZ = 0.00.6 0.38 3.64 1.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.1 MRY= 63.kN.21 T 0.75 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 6 UNIT . mx = 1.2 MCY= 63.2 MRY= 23. myx = 1.2 MCY= 63.00.6 MB= 282.00.00 | | PZ= 1366.75 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 10 UNIT .71 C 0.1 MCY= 23. my = 1.3 PC= 2673.kN.77 0.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 8 UNIT .00.72 0.3 PV= 600.00.00.0 MB= 170. my = 1.00.00 70. mx = 1.0 PC= 11890.00 77.1| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.00 | | PZ= 1366.21 T 0.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 370.6 0.634 3 138. mx = 1. myx = 1.00.00 | | PZ= 17681.3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.855 1 14.6 PT= 1998. mx = 1.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 370.0 PC=235263.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.3 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 5 ST UB406X178X67 PASS BS-4.00.452 1 164.3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00.03 MRZ= 517.00.00.00.

17 MRZ= 0. mx = 1.00.0 MCY= 0. my = 1.00 | | PZ= 162.764 3 120.52 FX/PZ = 0.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 18 UNIT .m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.772 1 106.kN.0 MRY= 0.83 FX/PZ = 0.1 MB= 1.0 MB= 170.00 | | PZ= 162.17 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 19 UNIT .75 FX/PZ = 0.kN.12 T 0.7 PV= 29.0 PC= 680.0 MRY= 0.95 FX/PZ = 0.00 | | PZ= 722.00 2.00.52 FX/PZ = 0.9 PV= 420.00.7 (C) 0.00.kN.7 PV= 29.0 MRY= 0. mx = 1.28 C 0. my = 1.14 MRZ= 0.00.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 14 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.3 PT= 0.00.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 19 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.1 MB= 1.3.32 C 0.00 2.0 MCY= 0.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 13 UNIT .0 PC= 34.00 0.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 13 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4.05 MRZ= 0.6 (T) 0.0 MCY= 0.8 PV= 29.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00.00 0.00.00 0.00.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.09 MRZ= 197.00.7 (C) 0.3 PT= 0. myx = 1.00.00 | | PZ= 1366.00 0. mx = 1.455 1 175.96 C 0. my = 1.6 0. myx = 1.0 MRY= 0.0 MB= 170.755 3 104.00 0.00.00.00.10 C 0.00 77. myx = 1.1 MCY= 23. my = 1.8 PT= 138.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.1 MCY= 23.8 PT= 138.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.25 T 0.0 MCY= 0. my = 1.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 14 UNIT .kN.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.13 MRZ= 194.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199. myx = 1.00.44 C 0.kN.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.12 MRZ= 0.00 0. mx = 1. mx = 1.4 PV= 29. myx = 1.1 MRY= 23.0 PC= 152.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.4 PV= 29.00 | | PZ= 162.75 FX/PZ = 0.4 PT= 138.4 PT= 138.00 | | PZ= 162.00.kN.9 PC= 1092.00.6 (T) 0.1 MB= 1.00.3 PT= 138.00 0. my = 1.0 MRY= 0.0 MCY= 0.05 MRZ= 0.65 0.75 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 12 UNIT .1 MB= 1.00.66 T 0.00.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 15 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 17 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.00. my = 1.204 3 28.7 (C) 0.00.9 PV= 420.Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .0 MCY= 0.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 15 UNIT .34 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 16 UNIT .4 PV= 29.1 MB= 1.52 FX/PZ = 0.3.6 0. mx = 1.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 18 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.83 1.00.254 3 18. myx = 1.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00. myx = 1.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.00 | | PZ= 3215.0 MRY= 0.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 15 .KN METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 12 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4.9 PT= 138.9 PC= 1092.00 | | PZ= 1366.3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00 1.213 1 7.677 3 23.kN.0 PC= 74.52 FX/PZ = 0.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 16 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.kN. mx = 1.00 130. myx = 1.0 PC= 74.34 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 17 UNIT . my = 1.00 0.6 (T) 0.0 PC= 34.7 MRY= 23.1 MB= 1. mx = 1.05 MRZ= 0.00 0.

m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.00 0.0 MRY= 0.00.00 0.5 PV= 29.00 0.kN.0 MRY= 0.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 21 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 22 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4. myx = 1.6 (T) 0.93 T 0. my = 1.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 21 UNIT .00.50 4.587 3 81.KN METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 20 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 22 UNIT .00 | | PZ= 3215.17 MRZ= 0.50 9. STEEL TAKE OFF STEEL TAKE-OFF -------------PROFILE ST ST ST ST ST UC305X305X118 UC203X203X46 UB406X178X67 UB406X140X39 UA60X60X5 LENGTH(METE) WEIGHT(KN ) 16.731 1 100. my = 1.1 MB= 1.00 0.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 23 UNIT .6 (T) 0.015 0.0 MRY= 0.93 19.4 PV= 29.8 PT= 138.00.6 PT= 138.00.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 69.0 PC= 1479.00 | | PZ= 722.0 PC= 26.697 1 96.5 PV= 29.052 2.00 0.83 FX/PZ = 0.00 0.1 MB= 1.0 MCY= 0. mx = 1.kN. mx = 1.50 19.52 FX/PZ = 0.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00. mx = 1.72 FX/PZ = 0.00 0.Application Examples 16 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .00 10.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.0 MRY= 0.033 5.00.0 MCY= 0.3 PV= 29.00 0.0 PC= 6581.1 MB= 1.00.931 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ .7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.1 MB= 1.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 23 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.00 | | PZ= 162. mx = 1.95 FX/PZ = 0.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00 | | PZ= 14304.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.5 PT= 138.17 MRZ= 0.10 T 0.62 MRZ= 0.907 ---------------TOTAL = 31.Part I . myx = 1. my = 1. myx = 1.6 (T) 0.0 MCY= 0.00.kN.00.17 T 0.6 (T) 0.645 1 89.0 PC= 332.00.6 PT= 138.923 4.kN. my = 1.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 20 UNIT .0 MCY= 0.00.00. myx = 1.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.33 T 0.17 MRZ= 0.

please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.co.co.com * * * * North America support@bentley.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.co.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * ************************************************************ 17 .Example Problem 1 70.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.Pro.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * * Europe support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * Asia support@bentley.

Application Examples 18 Example Problem 1 NOTES .Part I .

load/area of floor). However. In the case of loads such as joint loads and member loads. Load generation based on one-way distribution is illustrated in this example.e. 2 A floor structure (bound by global X-Z axis) made up of steel beams is subjected to area load (i. Consequently. the magnitude and direction of the load at the applicable joints and members is directly known from the input. 19 . The calculations required to perform this conversion are done only during the analysis.Example Problem 2 Example Problem No. the area load is a different sort of load where a load intensity on the given area has to be converted to joint and member loads. the loads generated from the AREA LOAD command can be viewed only after the analysis is completed.

25 19 21 26 17 19 .5 . Y and Z coordinates are provided above. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 .5 0 3 8 3 0 3 . 21 6 0 10. 5 7 8 9 . 3. 14 1.5 .e. Joints between 1 and 5 (i. Semicolon signs (. 17 13 18 .5 0 3 .5 19 6 0 8. the Y coordinates are all the same. 21 9 15 22 3 8 .Application Examples 20 Example Problem 2 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 7. 24 4 10 . Since this is a floor structure. 27 12 17 . 20 2 7 .5 . 18 1 13 19 7 14 .5 .5 . 10 4. 13 0 0 7. in this case zero. 23 11 16 .5 0. 7 1. 20 0 0 10. 9 4 0 3 . 11 5 0 3 12 6 0 3 .5 Joint number followed by X.Part I .5 15 3. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 5 6 0 0 . 10 13 14 13 .5 0 7. 16 18 20 . STAAD FLOOR A FLOOR FRAME DESIGN WITH AREA LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD.5 16 5 0 7. 18 0 0 8. 28 5 12 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 14 18 19 15 20 21 .) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. UNIT METER KNS Defines the UNITs. 4) are generated in the first line of input taking advantage of the equal spacing between the joints (see section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual for more information). 2. The word FLOOR signifies that the structure is a floor structure and the structure is in the x – z plane. 17 6 0 7. .

ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). E has been assigned as 210.Example Problem 2 MEMB PROP BRITISH 1 TO 28 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 Member properties are specified from the British steel table. The program converts area loads into individual member loads. 21 . DL+LL Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.5 KN/sq. strong axis moment) at the start joint.e. The second set of members have MZ released at the end joints. UNIT METER SUPPORT 1 5 13 17 20 21 FIXED A fixed support has been specified at the above joints.5 KN/sq. Any line beginning with * mark is treated as a comment line. * MEMBERS WITH PINNED ENDS ARE RELEASED FOR MZ MEMB RELEASE 1 5 10 14 15 18 17 28 26 20 TO 24 START MZ 4 9 13 14 15 18 16 27 25 19 21 TO 24 END MZ The first set of members (1 5 10 etc) have local moment-z (MZ) released at the start joint. etc. LOADING 1 14. POISSON. UNIT MMS CONSTANT E 210.m. AREA LOAD 1 TO 28 ALOAD -14. The word ST stands for standard single section.mm.0 KN/sq. The built-in default for Poisson’s value for steel is used during the analysis. This means that these members cannot carry any moment-z (i.m.5 All the 28 members are subjected to an Area load of 14.

UNL stands for unsupported length of the compression flange to be used for calculation of bending capacity.3 ALL UNL 0.Application Examples 22 Example Problem 2 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. FINISH The FINISH command terminates the STAAD run.6 ALL DMIN 0.3 ALL The PARAMETER command is used to specify steel design parameters (see the manual where code specification information is provided). DMAX and DMIN specify maximum and minimum depth limitations to be used during member selection. The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length. The PRINT LOAD DATA command is specified to obtain a listing of the member loads which were generated from the AREA LOAD. . SELECT MEMB 2 6 11 14 15 16 18 19 21 23 24 27 The above command instructs the program to select the most economical section from the British steel table for the members listed. PARAMETERS CODE BRITISH BEAM 1 ALL DMAX 0.Part I .

7 1. 28. 18 0 0 8. Intl. DL+LL AREA LOAD 1 TO 28 ALOAD -14. 27 12 17 . 32. 5 7 8 9 . 12. 11.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.5 16 5 0 7. 13. 2. 9 4 0 3 . 26. 7. 30. 16 18 20 . 19. 23. 20 2 7 .M. 18. 10.5 . 20 0 0 10. 17 6 0 7. 23 11 16 . 29. 17.5 . 13 0 0 7.5 . 24 4 10 . 6.5 0 3 .5 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 .5 .5 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 20/ 28/ 6 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 10 4. 18 1 13 19 7 14 . 28 5 12 MEMB PROP BRITISH 1 TO 28 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 * MEMBERS WITH PINNED ENDS ARE RELEASED FOR MZ MEMB RELEASE 1 5 10 14 15 18 17 28 26 20 TO 24 START MZ 4 9 13 14 15 18 16 27 25 19 21 TO 24 END MZ UNIT MMS CONSTANT E 210.Example Problem 2 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 27. 10 13 14 13 . 14 1. 8. 15. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL UNIT METER SUPPORT 1 5 13 17 20 21 FIXED LOADING 1 14. 4. 7. 24. 14 18 19 15 20 21 . 16. 25. 22.5 0 3 8 3 0 3 . 21.5 0 7. 9. 14. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.5 0.5 19 6 0 8. 21 9 15 22 3 8 .5 . 20. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 42 23 . 3. 25 19 21 26 17 19 . 5. 11 5 0 3 12 6 0 3 . STAAD FLOOR A FLOOR FRAME DESIGN WITH AREA LOAD UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 5 6 0 0 . 17 13 18 .5 KN/SQ. 31. 21 6 0 10.5 15 3.

85 0.00 4.00 BS-4.46 0.Pro MEMBER SELECTION .00 0.6 0.50 1.00 15 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.00 BS-4.25 0.50 1 0. 37.6 ALL DMIN 0.6 0.00 1 1.00 6 ST UB356X127X33 PASS 0.00 0.260 24.00 BS-4.47 0. PARAMETERS CODE BRITISH BEAM 1 ALL DMAX 0.6 0.50 -21.3 ALL UNL 0.00 BS-4.00 3.00 6.5 KN/SQ.00 7.6 0.00 18 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.00 16 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.883 97.919 224.3.87 0.962 290.02 0.00 BS-4.UNIT KNS METE MEMBER 10 11 12 13 14 15 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 27 28 UDL -7.00 BS-4.20 0.39 0.53 3.000 -25.3.884 215.3.125 GY ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 33.33 1 3.00 1.00 BS-4.500 -18. 39.00 1.6 0.Part I .00 19 ST UB457X152X52 PASS 0.00 0.00 0. 35.3.3.3750 GY -21.00 BS-4.00 27 ST UB406X140X46 PASS 0.75 1 0.50 0.439 41.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .2500 GY -10.00 BS-4.00 BS-4.25 1 1.375 GY -14.915 182.29 0.00 1 1.00 BS-4.07 0.6 0.41 ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 1 0.7500 -14.3.6 0.00 24 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.M.00 1 3.50 3.8750 GY 0.00 -21.00 6.813 76.00 .691 65.694 65.2500 -7.3.463 43.00 14 ST UB305X102X28 PASS 0.7500 GY -25. DL+LL ----------MEMBER LOAD .6250 -21.5000 -10. 34.6 0.00 1 0.00 0.00 0.2500 -3.KNS METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 2 ST UB406X140X39 PASS 0.6 0.00 23 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.3.00 0.6 0.00 BS-4.00 0.6 0. 36.00 L LIN1 LIN2 -29.00 0.00 0.(BSI ) ************************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2.26 1 2.8750 L1 L2 CON GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.3.00 1 2.6 0.3.00 0. 38.00 21 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.50 2.3.7500 GY 0.3 ALL SELECT MEMB 2 6 11 14 15 16 18 19 21 23 24 27 STAAD.00 11 ST UB406X140X46 PASS 0.00 3.887 132.00 4.2500 -7.00 1 3.Application Examples 24 Example Problem 2 LOADING 1 14.3.7500 GY -7.

co. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS. IN THE POST PROCESSOR. UPDATE PROPERTIES.com * ************************************************************ 25 .com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * * Asia support@bentley.co.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley. THEN FILE SAVE.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.Pro.com * * * * North America support@bentley. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. PRESS RESULTS.com * * Europe support@bentley. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS. FROM THE UPPER MENU.co.Example Problem 2 40.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.

Part I .Application Examples 26 Example Problem 2 NOTES .

12 & 13 = 2.4 x 0. 3 A portal frame type steel structure is sitting on concrete footings. 10 & 14 = Spring of joints 2. The soil is to be considered as an elastic foundation. NOTE: 1) All dimensions are in meters. 11. 2) Soil Subgrade Reaction – 41666. 5.67 KN/m 3 Spring constant calculation Spring of joints 1. 3. Value of soil subgrade reaction is known from which spring constants are calculated by multiplying the subgrade reaction by the tributary area of each modeled spring.Example Problem 3 Example Problem No. 4.67 = 30000 KN/m 2.3 x 41666.67 = 60000 KN/m 27 .4 x 0.6 x 41666.

40 2 3 12 13 PRIS YD 0.0 10 6.2 6.0 0.30 ZD 2. Since this is a plane structure.4 0.0 0.0 . 6 6 7 7 7 8 .Part I .0 0.60 ZD 2. 8 6 9 9 8 9 .0 5 2.0 Joint number followed by X.) are used as line separators to facilitate specification of multiple sets of data on one line.40 5 6 9 10 TABLE ST JO254X203 7 8 TA ST UB305X165X40 Firs t t wo lines define member properties as PRIS (prismatic) for whi ch YD (depth) and ZD (wi dth) values are provided. UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used.0 0.0 0.0 8 7. Semicolon signs (.0 0. Y and Z coordinates are provid ed above.0 14 8.4 0. .0 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.2 3. 7 1.0 0.Application Examples 28 Example Problem 3 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 4 11 14 PRIS YD 0. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geo metry is defined through X and Y axes.0 0. 9 7. STAAD PLANE PORTAL ON FOOTING FOUNDATION Eve ry input has to st art with the word STAAD.2 3. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 5 3 6 .2 6. 10 9 12 11 10 11 14 Def ines the members by the joints they are connected to. the Z coordinates are given as all zeros.0 6 1.0 0.0 . The pro gram will calculate the properties necessary to do the analysis.

29 . SELF Y -1. Density and Poisson’s ratio. UNIT MMS CONSTANTS * E FOR STEEL IS 210 (KN/sq. a spring having a spring constant of 60 KN/mm is provided in the global Y direction at these nodes.977E-09 MEMB 5 TO 10 DEN 23.Example Problem 3 Me m ber properties for the remaining members are chosen from the British steel table. SUPPORTS 2 TO 4 11 TO 13 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 60 1 5 10 14 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 30 The supports for the structure are specified above.) AND FOR * CONCRETE 21 (KN/sq. The first set of joints are supports restrained in all directions except MZ (which is global moment-z). The word ST stands for standard single section.0 The selfweight of the structure is specified as acting in the global Y direction with a -1. Length unit is changed from METER to MMS to facilitate the input. The second set is similar to the former except for a different value of the spring constant. Also.mm. UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD AND WIND LOAD COMBINED Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.534E-09 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON STEEL MEMB 5 TO 10 The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). Any line beginning with an * mark is treated as a comment line.) E 210 MEMB 5 TO 10 E 21 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 DEN 76.0 factor.mm.

the -1. acting downwards.0 Load 1 contains member loads also. MEMBER LOAD 7 8 UNI GY -45. JOINT LOAD 6 7 FX 20.Application Examples 30 Example Problem 3 Since global Y is vertically upwards. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. member forces and support reactions. and is applied on members 7 and 8. GY indicates that the load acts in the global Y direction.Part I . PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above PRINT command instructs the program to print analysis results which include joint displacements. . FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.0 Load 1 contains joint loads also.0 factor indicates that this load will act downwards.

0 0.0 0. 32. 7 1. 6 6 7 7 7 8 . 26. 2. 31. 11.2 3.2 6. 37.60 ZD 2.0 14 8.40 2 3 12 13 PRIS YD 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 39. 22.0 8 7.0 0. 35. 9 7. 29.0 0.40 5 6 9 10 TABLE ST JO254X203 7 8 TA ST UB305X165X40 UNIT MMS CONSTANTS * E FOR STEEL IS 210 (KN/SQ. 12.0 JOINT LOAD 6 7 FX 20. 18.0 MEMBER LOAD 7 8 UNI GY -45. STAAD PLANE PORTAL ON FOOTING FOUNDATION UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 17.0 0. 10. 34.534E-09 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON STEEL MEMB 5 TO 10 SUPPORTS 2 TO 4 11 TO 13 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 60 1 5 10 14 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 30 UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD AND WIND LOAD COMBINED SELF Y -1. 28. 36. 3. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.2 3. 14.0 . 15. Intl.0 0.0 0. 19. 30. 21.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 5 3 6 .) E 210 MEMB 5 TO 10 E 21 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 DEN 76. 20. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 32 31 . 27. 13. 25. 8 6 9 9 8 9 . 10 9 12 11 10 11 14 MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 4 11 14 PRIS YD 0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 14/ 14/ 10 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 40.977E-09 MEMB 5 TO 10 DEN 23. 23.0 6 1. 16. 38. 8.0 0. 9.30 ZD 2.MM. 6.2 6.) AND FOR * CONCRETE 21 (KN/SQ. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS 1.4 0. 7. 4. 24. 5.0 0.0 .0 5 2.0 10 6.4 0. 33.Example Problem 3 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 0.MM.

00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.38 .10 -129.00 0.74 0.0022 -0.00 0.09 6 1 6 7 132.50 10 1 9 12 290.01 87.00 0.74 -76.00 0.1969 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------- STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE X-ROTAN 0.00 0.00 2 3 4 11 12 13 1 5 10 14 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.90 59.0000 -0.50 0.0032 -0.00 0.0000 0.30 67.0000 0.00 0.65 126.0002 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.95 82.0000 0.00 0.00 61.0000 0.00 98.0000 0.67 142.00 0.00 0.74 56.0000 0.72 8 1 6 9 -36.1210 -0.1232 -0.00 0.0285 0.00 0.74 129.0000 0.00 0.69 0.00 0.09 0.0003 -0.Application Examples 32 Example Problem 3 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 X-TRANS RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.92 0.00 0.1759 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 -92.00 0.06 0.0000 0.1504 -0.92 26.0000 0.0002 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 -40.00 0.00 0.0000 0.1720 -0.1902 -0.00 0.00 0.25 -22.0000 0.00 0.00 -35.00 32.0045 0.00 0.00 -73.71 0.0000 0.0000 0.63 24.00 0.00 0.35 40.00 0.00 0.00 0.2097 -0.30 2 1 2 3 0.5240 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.70 -145.09 0.0000 0.1075 -0.25 105.63 7 1 7 8 76.38 123.1466 -0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 -24.0897 -0.00 24.00 0.00 -16.0005 -0.00 0.12 76.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.72 94.50 4 1 4 5 0.0000 0.08 -258.81 -25.66 -0.00 0.00 0.82 3 1 3 4 0.00 0.65 36.0000 0.25 45.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 0.00 0.00 -103.00 0.0000 0.0003 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.1367 -0.00 135.00 96.00 0.0000 METE Y-ROTAN 0.55 32.00 0.80 0.0000 0.00 0.1898 -0.00 -40.00 0.00 0.75 45.00 5 1 3 6 261.00 0.70 0.00 0.74 0.0000 0.0005 -0.67 -56.0000 0.59 -96.1531 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.93 -293.00 0.5036 1.0000 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.74 -76.0001 -0.0000 0.0712 1.00 73.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.0002 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 96.63 -135.00 0.58 90.00 0.00 0.90 58.00 0.00 0.40 9 1 8 9 142.96 72.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.56 145.68 -156.00 0.09 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 JOINT Z-TRANS -0.00 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.03 -75.0004 -0.Part I .00 0.00 0.0000 0.0003 -0.0005 -0.00 0.00 16.0000 0.

96 32.00 0.45 0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.00 0.com * ************************************************************ 33 .00 0.co.00 0.00 -48.00 0.39 14 1 13 14 0.Pro.00 0.12 154.com * * Asia support@bentley.09 60.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co.Example Problem 3 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.co.00 13.58 13 1 12 13 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 26.32 -68.00 89.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 -118.00 0.09 12 1 11 12 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.99 0.73 0.00 -134.00 0.90 -16.00 0.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 41.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 -32.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.39 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 -13.06 0.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 11 1 10 11 0.00 0.90 59.

Application Examples 34 Example Problem 3 NOTES .Part I .

different bracing members are made inactive for different load cases. This is done to prevent these members from carrying any compressive forces.Example Problem 4 Example Problem No. In this example. 4 This example is a typical case of a load-dependent structure where the structural condition changes for different load cases. 35 .

4 0 4. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 4 2 . 7 6.5 0. Also. 9. 3 5 7 . Consequently. . to facilitate specification of multiple sets of data on one line. 8 12. Semicolon signs (. 4. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 3 12. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. To accommodate these requirements. it is necessary to have 2 commands. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. 12 2 6 13 6 7 . STAAD PLANE * A PLANE FRAME STRUCTURE WITH TENSION BRACING Every input has to start with the word STAAD.) are used as line separators.Part I . one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. Since this is a plane structure. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. 4 3 6 . 0.Application Examples 36 Example Problem 4 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. 5 6 8 . 11 3 5 . 0. 9 1 5 . 0. 0. 10 2 4 . The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used.5 0 6 12. 6 4 5 7 8 7 8 . 14 5 8 . the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. 9. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. Joint number followed by X. the Z coordinates are given as all zeros.

SUPPORT 1 2 3 PINNED PINNED supports are specified at Joints 1. UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210. MEMBER PROP BRITISH 1 TO 5 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 6 7 8 TA ST UB457X152X52 9 TO 14 TA LD UA150X150X10 Properties for all members are assigned from the British steel table. MEMBER TRUSS 9 TO 14 The above command defines that members 9 through 14 are of type truss.0. Poisson’s ratio. 2 and 3. The word PINNED signifies that no moments will be carried by these supports. The stiffness contribution of these members will not be considered in the analysis till they are made active again. it is assumed to be 0. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). etc. Length unit is changed from METER to MMS. Since the spacing between the two angles of the double angle is not provided. The word LD stands for long leg back-to-back double angle. The word ST stands for standard single section.Example Problem 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. This means these members can only carry axial tension/compression and no moments. 37 . INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 TO 14 The above command makes the listed members inactive.

MEMBER LOAD 6 8 UNI GY -4. GY indicates that the load acts in the global Y direction.Part I . It is worth noting that members 9 TO 14 will not be used in this analysis since they were declared inactive earlier. 7 and 8. LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT Load case 2 is initiated followed by a title. INACTIVE MEMBERS 10 11 13 A new set of members are made inactive. They have been inactivated to prevent them from being subject to compressive forces for the next load case.75 Load 1 contains member loads. JOINT LOAD 4 FX 135 . The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. The load is applied on members 6. for dead and live load. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.Application Examples 38 Example Problem 4 UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. CHANGES The members inactivated earlier are restored using the CHANGE command. The length UNIT is changed from MMS to METER for input values which follow. 7 FX 65 . In other words. the bracings are not used to carry any load.5 7 UNI GY -6. The stiffness contribution from these members will not be used in the analysis till they are made active again.

75 2 0. The negative numbers (-135 and -65) indicate that the load is acting along the negative global X direction. the program simply gathers the 39 .75 3 0.75 Load combination case 4 involves the algebraic summation of the results of load cases 1 and 2 after multiplying each by a factor of 0. JOINT LOAD 6 FX -135 . The stiffness contribution of these members will not be used in the analysis till they are made active again.Example Problem 4 Load 2 contains joint loads.75. They have been inactivated to prevent them from being subject to compressive forces for the next load case. INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 12 14 Members 9. The analysis will be performed for load case 2 only. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. 8 FX -65 Load 3 contains joint loads at nodes 6 and 8. 12 and 14 are made inactive. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. For load combinations. LOADING 3 WIND FROM RIGHT Load case 3 is initiated followed by a title.75 LOAD COMBINATION 5 1 0. CHANGE The above CHANGE command is an instruction to re-activate all inactive members. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. Nodes 4 and 7 are subjected to the loads.

Thus. and combines them algebraically. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently. of the member end forces. Load combination case 5 combines the results of load cases 1 and 3. are recognized as the "active" load cases. (As explained earlier. LOAD LIST ALL At the end of any analysis.Application Examples 40 Example Problem 4 results of the component primary cases.8 ALL KY 0. PARAMETER CODE BRITISH BEAM 1 ALL UNL 1. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. but handled using other means. LOAD LIST 1 4 5 A LOAD LIST command is a means of instructing the program to use only the listed load cases for further processing. The LOAD LIST ALL command enables all the load cases in the structure to be made active for further processing. a combination case is not truly analysed for. factors them appropriately. in the output file. an analysis in the real sense of the term (multiplying the inverted stiffness matrix by the load vector) is not carried out for load combination cases.5 ALL .Part I . Only primary load case 3 will be considered for this analysis.) CHANGE The above CHANGE command will re-activate all inactive members. PRINT MEMBER FORCES The above PRINT command is an instruction to produce a report.

Example Problem 4 The PARAMETER command is used to specify the steel design parameters (information on these parameters can be obtained from the manual where the implementation of the code is explained). CHECK CODE ALL The above command instructs the program to perform a check to determine how the user defined member sizes along with the latest analysis results meet the code requirements. UNL represents the unsupported length to be used for calculation of allowable bending stress. The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length.5 for ALL members. KY 0. 41 .5 ALL sets the effective length factor for column buckling about the local Y-axis to be 0. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.

6. 4 0 4.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 14/ 3 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS 48. 7 FX 65 PERFORM ANALYSIS 38. 3 5 7 . 12. 26. 23. 4. 10. 35. STAAD PLANE * A PLANE FRAME STRUCTURE WITH TENSION BRACING UNIT METER KNS SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 3 12.5 0. 25. 8 FX -65 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. CHANGE 18 . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 32. 5. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 29. 8 12. 16. 40. 22. 10 2 4 . 9. 31. 17. 33. 3. 11 3 5 . 30. 47.5 0 6 12. 13. 39. 21.75 2 0. 11. 0. 24. 14. 42. 9. 9 1 5 . CHANGES INACTIVE MEMBERS 10 11 13 LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT JOINT LOAD 4 FX 135 . 0. 44. 6 4 5 7 8 7 8 . 36.14 5 8 MEMBER TRUSS 9 TO 14 MEMBER PROP BRITISH 1 TO 5 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 6 7 8 TA ST UB457X152X52 9 TO 14 TA LD UA150X150X10 UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210. 43. 0.Part I . 5 6 8 . 2. 37. 15. 27. 7 6. Intl. 18. 20. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 4 2 .5 7 UNI GY -6. 7.75 3 0. 28. 41. . 19. 9.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 4. 0. 8.75 LOAD COMBINATION 5 1 0. 45. 34. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 2 3 PINNED INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 TO 14 UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD MEMBER LOAD 6 8 UNI GY -4. 46.Application Examples 42 Example Problem 4 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. CHANGE INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 12 14 LOADING 3 WIND FROM RIGHT JOINT LOAD 6 FX -135 . 4 3 6 . 12 2 6 13 6 7 .

00 0.07 1.00 0.28 -1.00 3.00 0.00 0.45 43 .00 0.00 0.32 47.07 68.47 0.00 0.00 0.30 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 13.00 0.00 0.46 -0.15 -11.32 -9.44 -1.00 0.00 3.00 0.00 -0.00 1.00 0.40 -12.91 6.07 1.81 0.59 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT 1 1 2 3 4 5 2 1 2 3 4 5 3 1 2 3 4 5 4 1 2 3 4 5 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 11.14 -3.00 0.00 -3.56 135.00 0.43 -1.80 -48.60 101.88 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.56 -73.97 0.70 -47.00 0.68 -0.29 -8.13 -68.37 9.54 0.79 -2.47 3.00 0.37 -3.88 0.44 -15.44 10.40 -101.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.85 -1.97 -0.98 0. LOAD LIST ALL 50.00 0.00 0.19 3.00 0.40 0.91 0.00 0.00 0.52 -9.00 0.00 0.90 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.44 -2.80 -103.35 67.56 12.00 6.00 0.02 -6.04 0.29 1.00 0.00 0.46 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.12 1.00 0.00 0.44 2.81 5.00 0.96 -2.32 0.99 47.00 0.00 0.00 0.80 5 7 5 7 5 7 5 7 5 7 13.14 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 -46.61 48.04 5.21 -0.00 0.00 0.00 -2.00 0.00 0.77 -0.00 0.10 -1.00 0.68 0.44 -1.00 0.85 -135.00 0.00 0.44 0.47 -2.00 0.23 89.00 0.18 -3.88 -67.00 0.52 45.00 0.00 0.00 0.38 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 -9.00 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 0.00 0.75 -8.88 -0.77 -0.46 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 0.00 0.29 -0.00 0.00 0.00 -4.38 0.76 9.35 -101.29 45.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.85 2.68 -0.00 0.00 0.81 -1.00 0.36 3.00 0.13 7.94 46.35 -0.00 0.99 0.37 -47.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.69 9.00 0.15 -1.00 0.00 0.76 -45.00 0.35 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.01 3.00 -2.96 2.00 0.56 59.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -5.00 -5.14 -4.46 -59.00 0.60 -89.00 0.00 0.39 6.00 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.04 4.90 -0.40 0.12 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 2.00 0.06 0.06 -18.00 -0.00 0.23 -134.94 3.93 0.00 0.02 -9.00 0.94 -51.32 2 5 2 5 2 5 2 5 2 5 51.19 73.00 0.40 -31.00 0.85 -0.00 0.07 1.10 0.00 0.00 0.56 -7.Example Problem 4 49.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.40 0.04 0.68 -13.00 1.18 0.91 12.19 -129.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.32 -13.53 -0.96 1.53 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.56 0.00 0.00 0.16 -4.00 0.14 129.00 0.62 3 6 3 6 3 6 3 6 3 6 31.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.18 1.00 0.96 1.43 7.00 4. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.29 0.00 0.00 0.15 15.00 0.90 134.40 103.91 -2.00 0.00 0.79 -45.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.61 101.21 -0.00 0.38 0.91 2.28 -1.70 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.93 7.08 0.00 0.18 1.64 0.14 -2.00 4.

00 0.52 10.00 0.35 0.29 9.24 196.00 0.00 0.69 -52.00 0.91 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -68.00 -102.00 0.00 0.24 -146.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 2 6 2 6 0.13 13.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.12 1.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT 7 1 2 3 4 5 8 1 2 3 4 5 9 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 11 1 2 3 4 5 12 1 2 3 4 5 AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 -1.00 -111.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 0.47 156.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 49.00 0.00 0.98 72.16 111.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 0.00 0.00 0.00 -117.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.99 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 23.00 0.02 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.68 13.00 0.91 19.00 -156.98 -196.13 -50.00 0.00 0.56 63.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 -63.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.74 12.00 0.51 102.00 0.00 0.00 0.69 146.00 0.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 44 Example Problem 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.89 -49.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 -10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.68 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 -10.00 0.00 0.97 14.98 1.73 68.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 0.00 0.00 0.41 18.00 0.00 0.25 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.83 -4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 83.64 91.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.24 22.81 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.96 -2.64 0.32 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -136.00 0.00 0.62 -3.00 0.00 0.96 63.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.47 0.00 0.92 -3.00 0.00 0.25 -1.91 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.12 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 .00 0.00 0.73 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 0.00 0.40 17.36 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.00 0.00 0.00 0.23 9.00 0.00 0.49 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 -7.00 0.98 52.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.51 0.00 0.00 0.68 136.00 0.00 0.00 0.24 -72.00 0.00 0.56 -63.00 0.00 -91.00 0.00 1 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.70 4.00 0.35 117.79 15.00 0.00 0.91 3.00 -83.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 -6.99 0.00 0.00 0.77 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .09 -1.63 0.00 0.89 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.77 -2.00 0.00 0.

00 8 ST UB457X152X52 PASS BS-4.00 0.00 0.00 0.6 (T) 0.62 0.00 0.036 4 58.46 C 0.76 C 0.00 0.5 ALL 57.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.6 0.052 5 59.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.79 C 0.00 0.00 TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 0.00 -1.00 0.00 0.6 (T) 0.00 0.036 5 57.7 (C) 0.50 3 ST UB305X165X40 PASS BS-4.7 (C) 0.00 0.00 -58.51 T 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.24 C 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.102 4 101.00 0.088 4 101.00 9.063 5 102. KY 0.00 0.00 0.00 -77.00 0.00 7 ST UB457X152X52 PASS BS-4.00 9 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.7 (C) 0.00 0.00 0.045 4 45.00 0.(BSI ) *********************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2.37 T 0.98 4. CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.00 0.13 C 0.00 0.KNS METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST UB305X165X40 PASS BS-4.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE . CODE BRITISH 54.072 4 117.80 4.73 T 0.00 0. UNL 1.00 SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 0.00 0.6 (T) 0.042 4 68.00 -5.40 C 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.39 0.00 0.85 77.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 T 0.7 (C) 0.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 C 0.81 6.39 T 0.059 5 45.32 4.00 7.00 0.00 ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 45 .00 0.00 0.118 5 135.00 10 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.83 0.00 0.00 3.00 0.6 (T) 0.00 0.Example Problem 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 19. BEAM 1 ALL 55.00 0.00 0.6 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 5 ST UB305X165X40 PASS BS-4.00 0.00 0. PARAMETER 53.00 0.00 -57.7 (C) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Pro CODE CHECKING .00 0.00 0.051 5 83.50 6 ST UB457X152X52 PASS BS-4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 4.00 0.00 0.00 0. LOAD LIST 1 4 5 52.00 0.3.7 (C) 0.50 4 ST UB305X165X40 PASS BS-4.00 -15.00 0.00 -76.00 0.6 (T) 0.00 0.050 5 50.80 76.00 0.00 12 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.00 14 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT 13 1 2 3 4 5 14 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 5 8 5 8 5 8 5 8 5 8 AXIAL 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 T 0.00 0.00 0.85 C 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 51.8 ALL 56.00 0.00 0.00 0.6 (T) 0.60 0.00 0.00 0.39 58.00 0.00 0.50 2 ST UB305X165X40 PASS BS-4.00 0.00 11 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.3.00 0.60 57.00 13 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.00 0.36 4.147 5 146.00 0.00 0.80 0.00 0.

com * * * * North America support@bentley.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.Pro.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.co.Application Examples 46 Example Problem 4 58.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * ************************************************************ .com * * Asia support@bentley.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.co. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.Part I .com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * * Europe support@bentley.

47 . 5 This example demonstrates the application of support displacement load (commonly known as sinking support) on a space frame structure.Example Problem 5 Example Problem No.

Part I - Application Examples

48

Example Problem 5

Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.
STAAD SPACE TEST FOR SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT
Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The word SPACE
signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the
geometry is defined through X, Y and Z coordinates.
UNITS METER KNS
Specifies the unit to be used.
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0.0 0.0 0.0 ; 2 0.0 3.0 0.0
3 6.0 3.0 0.0 ; 4 6.0 0.0 0.0
5 6.0 3.0 6.0 ; 6 6.0 0.0. 6.0
Joint number followed by X, Y and Z coordinates are provided
above. Semicolon signs (;) are used as line separators. That
enables us to provide multiple sets of data on one line.
MEMBER INCIDENCE
1 1 2 3
4 3 5 ; 5 5 6
Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.
UNIT MMS
MEMB PROP
1 TO 5 PRIS AX 6450 IZ 1.249E+08 IY 1.249E+08 IX 4.162E+06

Member properties have been defined above using the
PRISMATIC attribute. Values of AX (area), IZ (moment of inertia
about major axis), IY (moment of inertia about minor axis) and IX
(torsional constant) are provided in MMS unit.
CONSTANT
E 210. ALL
POISSON STEEL ALL
Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s
ratio are specified following the command CONSTANT.

Example Problem 5

SUPPORT
1 4 6 FIXED
Joints 1, 4 and 6 are fixed supports.
LOADING 1 SINKING SUPPORT
Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.
SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT LOAD
4 FY –15
Load 1 is a support displacement load which is also commonly
known as a sinking support. FY signifies that the support
settlement is in the global Y direction and the value of this
settlement is 15mm downward.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.
PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS
The above PRINT command instructs the program to print joint
displacements, support reactions and member forces.
FINISH
This command terminates the STAAD run.

49

Part I - Application Examples

50

Example Problem 5
****************************************************
*
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STAAD.Pro
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Version 2007
Build 02
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Proprietary Program of
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Research Engineers, Intl.
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Date=
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Time=
*
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USER ID:
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STAAD SPACE TEST FOR SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT
UNITS METER KNS
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0.0 0.0 0.0 ; 2 0.0 3.0 0.0
3 6.0 3.0 0.0 ; 4 6.0 0.0 0.0
5 6.0 3.0 6.0 ; 6 6.0 0.0 6.0
MEMBER INCIDENCE
1 1 2 3
4 3 5 ; 5 5 6
UNIT MMS
MEMB PROP
1 TO 5 PRIS AX 6450 IZ 1.249E+08 IY 1.249E+08
CONSTANT
E 210. ALL
POISSON STEEL ALL
SUPPORT
1 4 6 FIXED
LOADING 1 SINKING SUPPORT
SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT LOAD
4 FY -15.
PERFORM ANALYSIS

IX 4.162E+06

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =

6/

5/

3

SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =

1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =

18

22. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS

JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM
-----------------JOINT
1
2
3
4
5
6

LOAD
1
1
1
1
1
1

X-TRANS
0.0000
0.2737
0.2735
0.0000
0.0323
0.0000

RADIANS)

Y-TRANS

JOINT
1
4
6

Z-TRANS

0.0000
-0.0012
-1.4975
-1.5000
-0.0012
0.0000

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS
-----------------

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

0.0000
-0.0323
-0.2735
0.0000
-0.2737
0.0000

MMS

X-ROTAN
0.0000
-0.0002
-0.0018
0.0000
-0.0019
0.0000

Y-ROTAN
0.0000
0.0006
0.0000
0.0000
-0.0006
0.0000

Z-ROTAN
0.0000
-0.0019
-0.0018
0.0000
-0.0002
0.0000

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
1
1

0.46
0.43
-0.90

5.63
-11.26
5.63

0.90
-0.43
-0.46

2780.50
15509.14
15492.86

-67.13
0.00
67.13

15492.86
15509.14
2780.50

Example Problem 5
MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KNS MMS
(LOCAL )
MEMBER

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1

1
2

5.63
-5.63

-0.46
0.46

0.90
-0.90

-67.13
67.13

-2780.50
94.34

15492.86
-16878.24

2

1

2
3

0.46
-0.46

5.63
-5.63

0.90
-0.90

94.34
-94.34

-67.13
-5305.17

16878.24
16904.26

3

1

3
4

-11.26
11.26

-0.43
0.43

0.43
-0.43

0.00 -16809.91
0.00 15509.14

-16809.91
15509.14

4

1

3
5

0.46
-0.46

-5.63
5.63

-0.90
0.90

-94.34
94.34

5305.17
67.13

-16904.26
-16878.24

5

1

5
6

5.63
-5.63

0.90
-0.90

0.46
-0.46

67.13 -16878.24
-67.13 15492.86

-94.34
2780.50

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

23. FINISH

*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

****

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For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
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Research Engineers Offices at the following locations *
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support@reel.co.uk
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support@reel.co.uk
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support@bentley.com
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51

Part I - Application Examples

52

Example Problem 5

NOTES

Example Problem 6

Example Problem No. 6
This is an example of prestress loading in a plane frame structure.
It covers two situations: 1) From the member on which it is
applied, the prestressing effect is transmitted to the rest of the
structure through the connecting members (known in the program
as PRESTRESS load). 2) The prestressing effect is experienced by
the member(s) alone and not transmitted to the rest of the structure
(known in the program as POSTSTRESS load).

53

Part I - Application Examples

54

Example Problem 6

Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.
STAAD PLANE FRAME WITH PRESTRESSING LOAD
Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The word PLANE
signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the
geometry is defined through X and Y axes.
UNIT METER KNS
Specifies the unit to be used.
JOINT COORD
1 0. 0. ; 2 12. 0. ; 3 0. 6. ; 4 12. 6.
5 0. 10.5 ; 6 12. 10.5 ; 7 0. 15. ; 8 12. 15.
Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above.
Since this is a plane structure, the Z coordinates need not be
provided. Semicolon signs (;) are used as line separators, and that
allows us to provide multiple sets of data on one line.
MEMBER INCIDENCE
1 1 3 ; 2 3 5 ; 3 5 7 ; 4 2 4 ; 5 4 6
6 6 8 ; 7 3 4 ; 8 5 6 ; 9 7 8
Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.
SUPPORT
1 2 FIXED
The supports at joints 1 and 2 are defined to be fixed supports.
MEMB PROP
1 TO 9 PRI AX 0.2044 IZ 8.631E-03
Member properties are provided using the PRI (prismatic)
attribute. Values of area (AX) and moment of inertia about the
major axis (IZ) are provided.
UNIT MMS
CONSTANT
E 21. ALL ; POISS CONC ALL

Example Problem 6

CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E
(modulus of elasticity), Poisson’s ratio, etc. Length unit is changed
from METER to MMS to facilitate the input.
LOADING 1 PRESTRESSING LOAD
MEMBER PRESTRESS
7 8 FORCE 1350. ES 75. EM -300. EE 75.
Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. Load 1 contains
PRESTRESS load. Members 7 and 8 have a cable force of 1350
KNs. The location of the cable at the start (ES) and end (EE) is 75
MMs above the centre of gravity while at the middle (EM) it is 300
MMs below the c.g. The assumptions and facts associated with this
type of loading are explained in section 1 of the Technical
Reference Manual.
LOADING 2 POSTSTRESSING LOAD
MEMBER POSTSTRESS
7 8 FORCE 1350. ES 75. EM -300. EE 75.
Load case 2 is initiated followed by a title. Load 2 is a
POSTSTRESS load. Members 7 and 8 have a cable force of 1350
KNs. The location of the cable is the same as in load case 1. For a
difference between PRESTRESS loading and POSTSTRESS
loading, as well as additional information about both types of
loads, please refer to section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
This command instructs the program to perform the analysis.
UNIT METER
PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS
The above command is an instruction to write joint displacements,
support reactions and member forces in the output file.
FINISH
This command terminates the STAAD run.

55

Part I - Application Examples

56

Example Problem 6
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro
*
*
Version 2007
Build 02
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Research Engineers, Intl.
*
*
Date=
*
*
Time=
*
*
*
*
USER ID:
*
****************************************************
1.
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STAAD PLANE FRAME WITH PRESTRESSING LOAD
UNIT METER KNS
JOINT COORD
1 0. 0. ; 2 12. 0. ; 3 0. 6. ; 4 12.
5 0. 10.5 ; 6 12. 10.5 ; 7 0. 15. ; 8
MEMBER INCIDENCE
1 1 3 ; 2 3 5 ; 3 5 7 ; 4 2 4 ; 5
6 6 8 ; 7 3 4 ; 8 5 6 ; 9 7 8
SUPPORT
1 2 FIXED
MEMB PROP
1 TO 9 PRI AX 0.2044 IZ 8.631E-03
UNIT MMS
CONSTANT
E 21. ALL ; POISS CONC ALL
LOADING 1 PRESTRESSING LOAD
MEMBER PRESTRESS
7 8 FORCE 1350. ES 75. EM -300. EE 75.
LOADING 2 POSTSTRESSING LOAD
MEMBER POSTSTRESS
7 8 FORCE 1350. ES 75. EM -300. EE 75.
PERFORM ANALYSIS

6.
12.
4

15.

6

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =

8/

9/

2

SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =

2, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =

18

23. UNIT METER
24. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM
-----------------JOINT
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

LOAD
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2

X-TRANS
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.1917
0.0000
-0.1917
0.0000
0.1799
0.0000
-0.1799
0.0000
-0.0014
0.0000
0.0014
0.0000

RADIANS)

Y-TRANS
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE

Z-TRANS
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

X-ROTAN
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Y-ROTAN
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Z-ROTAN
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0004
0.0000
-0.0004
0.0000
0.0008
0.0000
-0.0008
0.0000
0.0002
0.0000
-0.0002
0.0000

Example Problem 6
SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS
----------------JOINT

METE

STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
2
1
2

-30.59
0.00
30.59
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

80.49
0.00
-80.49
0.00

1
2

MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KNS METE
(LOCAL )
MEMBER
1

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1
3
1
3

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

30.59
-30.59
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

80.49
103.07
0.00
0.00

3
5
3
5

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

62.59
-62.59
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

121.89
159.77
0.00
0.00

5
7
5
7

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

10.30
-10.30
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

50.98
-4.64
0.00
0.00

2
4
2
4

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-30.59
30.59
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-80.49
-103.07
0.00
0.00

4
6
4
6

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-62.59
62.59
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-121.89
-159.77
0.00
0.00

6
8
6
8

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-10.30
10.30
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-50.98
4.64
0.00
0.00

3
4
3
4

1371.41
-1371.41
1339.41
-1339.41

-168.75
-168.75
-168.75
-168.75

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-326.21
326.21
-101.25
101.25

5
6
5
6

1287.12
-1287.12
1339.41
-1339.41

-168.75
-168.75
-168.75
-168.75

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-312.00
312.00
-101.25
101.25

7
8
7
8

-10.30
10.30
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

4.64
-4.64
0.00
0.00

2

2

1
2

3

1
2

4

1
2

5

1
2

6

1
2

7

1
2

8

1
2

9

1
2

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

57

Part I - Application Examples

58

Example Problem 6
25. FINISH

*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

****

************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Research Engineers Offices at the following locations *
*
*
*
Telephone
Email
*
* USA:
+1 (714)974-2500
support@bentley.com
*
* CANADA
+1 (905)632-4771
detech@odandetech.com *
* UK
+44(1454)207-000
support@reel.co.uk
*
* FRANCE
+33(0)1 64551084
support@reel.co.uk
*
* GERMANY
+49/931/40468-71
info@reig.de
*
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+47 67 57 21 30
staad@edr.no
*
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support@bentley.com
*
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+91(033)4006-2021
support@bentley.com
*
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eng-eye@crc.co.jp
*
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*
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support@bentley.com
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support@bentley.com
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support@bentley.com
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************************************************************

Example Problem 7

Example Problem No. 7
This example illustrates modelling of structures with OFFSET
connections. OFFSET connections arise when the centre lines of
the connected members do not intersect at the connection point.
The connection eccentricity behaves as a rigid link and is modeled
through specification of MEMBER OFFSETS.

59

Part I - Application Examples

60

Example Problem 7

Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.
STAAD PLANE TEST FOR MEMBER OFFSETS
Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The word PLANE
signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the
geometry is defined through X and Y axes.
UNIT METER KNS
Specifies the unit to be used.
JOINT COORD
1 0. 0. ; 2 6. 0. ; 3 0. 4.5
4 6. 4.5 ; 5 0. 9. ; 6 6. 9.
Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above.
Since this is a plane structure, the Z coordinates need not be
provided. Semicolon signs (;) are used as line separators. This
allows us to provide multiple sets of data in one line.
SUPPORT
1 2 PINNED
Pinned supports are specified at joints 1 and 2. The word PINNED
signifies that no moments will be carried by these supports.
MEMB INCI
1 1 3 2 ; 3 3 5 4
5 3 4 ; 6 5 6 ; 7 1 4
Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.
MEMB PROP BRITISH
1 TO 4 TABLE ST UC356X368X129
5 6 TA ST UB305X165X40
7 TA LD UA200X150X12
All member properties are from British steel table. The word ST
stands for standard single section. LD stands for long leg back-toback double angle.

0.0 -152.0 The above specification states that an OFFSET is located at the START/END joint of the members. Y and Z global coordinates of the offset distance from the corresponding incident joint are also provided. 6 and 7. These attributes are applied to members 5. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction.0 7 END -178.0 0. 5 FX 112. JOINT LOAD 3 FX 225.5 Load 1 contains joint loads at nodes 3 and 5. LOADING 1 WIND LOAD Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.0 0.0 . ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided following the keyword CONSTANT.0 5 6 END -178.Example Problem 7 UNIT MMS MEMB OFFSET 5 6 START 178. 0. 61 . UNIT METER PRINT FORCES PRINT REACTIONS The above PRINT commands are instructions for writing the member forces and support reactions to the output file. The X. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command is an instruction to perform the analysis. CONSTANT E 210.0 0.

.Application Examples 62 Example Problem 7 FINISH This command terminates a STAAD run.Part I .

11. . 2 6. 21.00 0.00 91.00 0.00 0.0 CONSTANT E 210.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 3 -49. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. 19. 6 5 6 .00 0. 15. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 14 27.0 -152. Intl.76 -30.0 .00 0. 22. 10.78 -53. 5.00 0. 6. 3 3 5 4 5 3 4 . 4.00 4.72 0. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL LOADING 1 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 3 FX 225.00 0.71 93. 3.76 53. 0.13 0. 0.5 .00 0.00 0.78 0.25 0. 23. 6 6.03 4 1 4 6 30. 26.70 2 1 2 4 337. . UNIT METER 28. 18.00 0.5 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 7/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 17.00 0.12 -20.0 5 6 END -178.0 0.00 0.52 63 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.13 25. 7 1 4 MEMB PROP BRITISH 1 TO 4 TABLE ST UC356X368X129 5 6 TA ST UB305X165X40 7 TA LD UA200X150X12 UNIT MMS MEMB OFFSET 5 6 START 178.12 49. 14. 2. 4.00 0. 24. 25.00 0. 9. 3 0. 9.5 4 6.0 7 END -178. 0. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR MEMBER OFFSETS UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORD 1 0.00 151. 9.00 0.Example Problem 7 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 16.00 0. 0. . 5 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 0. 4.00 0. 13.72 -58.00 0.00 -113.76 30.50 -337.25 20.76 58. SUPPORT 1 2 PINNED MEMB INCI 1 1 3 2 . 20.00 0.00 0.07 3 1 3 5 -30. 12.0 0.00 0. 5 FX 112. 8.00 170. 7.59 -95.50 -25.

00 -52.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * * Asia support@bentley.95 1.com * ************************************************************ .00 0.03 -299.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 30.co.co.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.Pro.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.72 -58.32 -1.00 0.04 7 1 1 4 -479.00 0.37 0.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.03 -18.00 -4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.95 0.37 18.00 0.00 0.72 -30.61 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 29.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 5 1 3 4 299.00 0.03 -51.00 0.59 -9.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.63 25.00 -85.62 6 1 5 6 58.13 -337.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.76 30.com * * Europe support@bentley.50 0. PRINT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 2 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 -362.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.50 337.00 0.Part I .32 479. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.Application Examples 64 Example Problem 7 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.55 -88.com * * * * North America support@bentley.co.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.76 0.

The above example represents a space frame. Design calculations consist of computation of reinforcement for beams and columns. are considered in the design. 65 . live and wind load. and the members are made of concrete.Example Problem 8 Example Problem No. concrete design is performed on some members of a space frame structure. The input in the next page will show the dimensions of the members. 8 In this example. Secondary moments on the columns are obtained through the means of a PDelta analysis. namely one for dead plus live load and another with dead. Two load cases.

4 0 7. 15 5. 14 11.119E08 IX 4. 12 11. 5 5.4 3. STAAD SPACE FRAME WITH CONCRETE DESIGN Every input has to start with the word STAAD. Y and Z coordinates are provided above.119E08 IY 2.0 ZD 300. JOINT COORDINATE 1 0 0 0 . The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X.2 0 .4 7.4 3.237E08 3 TO 10 PR YD 300.4 7.4 0 0 .4 3. 19 20 13 15 . 3 2 8 5 5 11 . 9 7 .409E09 IY 1.2 16 11.Application Examples 66 Example Problem 8 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 7 .6 0 . 3 11.2 7.2 13 5.4 3.Part I . 18 8 11 .596E08 – IX 5.2 .2 . 8 5.0 IZ 3.6 0 .2 7 0 3. 11 13 10 11 14 .2 Joint number followed by X.0 IZ 2.0 ZD 380 IZ 2.4 0 7. 2 4 10 . Y and Z coordinates.2 . Semicolon signs (. 21 14 16 . 9 11.) are used as line separators to facilitate input of multiple sets of data on one line. 9 4 8 13 . 2 5.229E09 – IX 2.704E09 .4 7.596E08 IY 3. UNIT MMS MEMB PROP 1 2 PRISMATIC YD 300.4 0.2 . 7 3 9 6 12 . 6 11.6 0 10 0 3.6 7. 0 4 0 0 7. 10 12 16 . 11 5.6 7.4 7.6 7.2 0 . 15 13 14 17 7 10 . 8 9 14 8 12 16 15 16 12 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.2 7. 6 11 15 . UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used.324E08 11 TO 21 PR YD 535.

SELF Y -1.4 The selfweight of the structure is applied in the global Y direction with a -1. YD and ZD stand for depth and width.Example Problem 8 All member properties are provided using the PRISMATIC option.0 ALL POISSON CONC ALL UNIT METER CONSTANT DEN 23. IY. Poisson’s ratio. All properties required for the analysis. Since global Y is vertically upward. Area. For this particular example. SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED Joints 1 to 6 are fixed supports. Moments of Inertia.4DL + 1.4 factor. are calculated automatically from these dimensions unless these are explicitly defined. etc. LOAD 1 (1.56 ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). CONSTANT E 21. a circular shape with diameter = YD is assumed for that cross section. 67 .7LL) Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. etc. and IZ values provided in this example are only half the values of a full section to account for the fact that the full moments of inertia will not be effective due to cracking of concrete. such as. If ZD is not provided. moments of inertia (IZ. The IX. IY) and torsional constant (IX) are provided. Length unit is changed from MM to METER to facilitate input for DENsity. Density. The built-in value for Poisson’s ratio for concrete will be used in the analysis. so these will not be re-calculated. the negative factor indicates that this load will act downwards.

7LL + 1.0 10 FZ 40. FZ indicates that the load is a force in the global Z direction.7WL) Load case 2 is initiated followed by a title. PDELTA ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.Part I .0 Load 2 contains some additional joint loads also. Y indicates that the load is in the local Y direction.4DL + 1. REPEAT LOAD 1 0.0 12 FZ 70. The LIST option restricts the print output to the members listed.Application Examples 68 Example Problem 8 MEMB LOAD 11 TO 16 UNI Y -42.5 Load 1 contains member loads also.75 (1.75 The above command will gather the load data values from load case 1.0 11 TO 16 UNI Y -76.75 and utilize the resulting values in load 2.0 11 FZ 90. LOAD 2 . . The analysis type is P-DELTA indicating that second-order effects are to be calculated. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. PRINT FORCES LIST 2 5 9 14 16 Member end forces are printed using the above PRINT commands. multiply them with a factor of 0. JOINT LOAD 15 16 FZ 40.

FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. CODE BRITISH TRACK 1. Design is performed per the BS 8110 Code. 69 . These parameters are described in the manual where British concrete design related information is available. shear and torsion.0 MEMB 16 MAXMAIN 40 ALL The values for the concrete design parameters are defined in the above commands.Example Problem 8 START CONCRETE DESIGN The above command initiates a concrete design.0 MEMB 14 TRACK 2. DESIGN COLUMN 2 5 The above command instructs the program to design columns 2 and 5 for axial load and biaxial bending. END CONCRETE DESIGN This will end the concrete design. DESIGN BEAM 14 16 The above command instructs the program to design beams 14 and 16 for flexure. MAXMAIN indicates that the maximum size of main reinforcement is the 40 mm bar. The TRACK value dictates the extent of design related information provided in the output.

0 ALL POISSON CONC ALL UNIT METER CONSTANT DEN 23. 20.7LL) SELF Y -1. 8. 16 15 16 17 7 10 . 24. 22. 19 9 12 20 13 15 .119E08 IX 4.2 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 7 . 7. 21.0 IZ 2. 8 5.4 0 7.2 7 0 3. 7 3 9 .409E09 IY 1.0 IZ 3. 33. 9 11.4 MEMB LOAD 11 TO 16 UNI Y -42.4 0. 19.6 7. 18.0 12 FZ 70.2 7.5 LOAD 2 .75 JOINT LOAD 15 16 FZ 40. 15. 25. 31.2 . 5 5.Application Examples 70 Example Problem 8 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 3 11.0 PDELTA ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 21/ 6 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 47. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 41.2 7.2 13 5.324E08 11 TO 21 PR YD 535. Intl.4 3.75 (1. PRINT FORCES LIST 2 5 2. 26.119E08 IY 2.596E08 IY 3. 2 4 10 . 17.4 0 7.0 11 TO 16 UNI Y -76. 39. 11 7 8 12 13 10 11 14 . 6 11. 27. 12 11. 36. 28. 37. 43.237E08 3 TO 10 PR YD 300. 45. 44. 32. 16. 21 14 16 UNIT MMS MEMB PROP 1 2 PRISMATIC YD 300.4DL + 1. 11. 12.6 7. 40. 14. 5.4 3. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 9 14 16 60 .4 7. 3.0 11 FZ 90.2 . 4.4 7.6 0 . STAAD SPACE FRAME WITH CONCRETE DESIGN UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATE 1 0 0 0 . 2. 9.2 .704E09 CONSTANT E 21.6 0 . 10.0 10 FZ 40.7WL) REPEAT LOAD 1 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.7LL + 1. 30.4 7.2 0 . 3 2 8 .4 7.6 7. 6. 42.596E08 IX 5. 8 9 14 9 6 12 . 4 8 13 5 5 11 .229E09 IX 2. 18 8 11 .2 16 11. 35.56 ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED LOAD 1 (1.Part I .0 ZD 300. 2 5. 14 11. 10 12 16 .4 3.2 .4 3. 46. 11 5. 15 13 14 . 13.4DL + 1. 6 11 15 .0 ZD 380 IZ 2. 29. 15 5. 34.2 0 . 0 4 0 0 7. 23. 38.6 0 10 0 3.4 0 0 .

51 15 16 15 16 61.86 2.03 -0.28 -34.23 -2.86 -237.99 -65.00 1.62 0.38 -15.03 -0.51 -42.00 0.36 0.76 0.16 0.56 -18. TRACK 1.48 -1278.14 -612.00 1.85 -4.32 3.00 0.00 -1.13 0.46 372.73 378.13 0.62 497.64 -2.13 19.26 0.72 -93.00 2.00 0.01 0.98 12.13 -1.77 375.99 2 5 1 2 9 1 2 14 1 2 16 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 48.03 -0.77 283.93 -6.78 316.80 1015.99 2.92 -2.00 0.62 -124.65 -20.86 -31.65 111.77 2.64 4.45 326.03 1.54 5 11 5 11 1289.98 -19.93 11 12 11 12 -40.51 434.16 3.00 0.51 34.00 0. 51.66 124.85 2.0 MEMB 14 TRACK 2.66 -12.79 31.5_8110_97/1 50.04 -4.67 279.32 -1.89 -5.28 50.63 6 12 6 12 758. START CONCRETE DESIGN 49.66 -2.16 65.77 -65.84 21.00 0.55 105.19 620.57 7.13 3.23 15.31 6. 52.23 -9.06 -293.00 0.60 -1007.36 -0.58 -2.87 -748.67 243.73 -45.00 -61.63 33.10 -104.88 57.63 11.63 -34.42 6.21 -0.77 -142.92 -0.81 236.64 112.26 -1.0 MEMB 16 MAXMAIN 40 ALL DESIGN BEAM 14 16 71 .18 122.Example Problem 8 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 -11. CODE BRITISH PROGRAM CODE REVISION V1.79 0.97 65.07 -7.95 141.00 45.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 2 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 10 4 10 302.16 -0.63 40.75 -23. 53.38 18.70 56.97 0.

20 MM 740.ROWMN=0.12 MM (REQD. ROWMX=0. MM) |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 497. YES NO COMP. STEEL= 338. mm2. SHEAR | LOAD | LINKS | NO. mm | |----------------------------------------------------------------| B E A M N O.Part I .Application Examples 72 Example Problem 8 ==================================================================== B E A M LEN - N O. mm | |----------------------------------------------------------------| 3 497. 3. | SPACING C/C | |----------------|------------|------|-------|-----|-------------| | END 1 2001 mm | 434. ROW=0./ 37.12 MM 4740.4 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 6 | 250 mm | | 3500 5000 mm | 191. NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL POS MOMENT= 257.TO|6000 | | 4No32 H 487.X 380. ROW=0.TO 6000 | | | | | | | | | | ==================================================================|| |___________________________________________________________________________| ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ | | | | | | | | | ooooooo | | OOOO | | OOOO | | | | | | 7T12 | | 4T32 | | 4T32 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 5T20 | | 5T20 | | 5T20 | | 5T20 | | | | ooooo | | ooooo | | ooooo | | ooooo | |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| . 1760. ROW=0.77 KN-M AT 6000.0067. 4. 7.TO 1760 | | | | | | | | | | 26*8 c/c 80 | | | | | | 9*8 c/c125| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 5No20 H |35.0155. 14 D E S I G N R E S U L T S - SHEAR PROVIDE SHEAR LINKS AS FOLLOWS |----------------------------------------------------------------| | FROM . NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 142.2 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 6 | 249 mm | | 5000 END 2 | 316./ 41. mm.30. mm LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR mm mm mm STA END ------------------------------------------------------------------1 35.|740.ROWMN=0.0400.0013 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 164. 6000. 6000.0013 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 190. FC .X 535_____________________ 12J____ | ===============|| ||===================== 7No12 H 497./ 37. R E S U L T S SIZE - 380. mm2. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 1353.4740.32 MM 0. mm 14 D E S I G N FY . X FLEXURE 535.ROWMN=0.09 KN-M AT 3500./ 58. ROWMX=0.0035.0013 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 183.4 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 9 | 125 mm | |----------------------------------------------------------------| ___ 11J____________________ 6000. ROWMX=0.0400. mm | |----------------------------------------------------------------| 2 487.8 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 26 | 80 mm | | 2001 3502 mm | 184. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 707.TO | MAX.77 KN-M AT 0. mm.| |0. 5./ 45. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 3155. mm2.460.0400. 6000. SQ./ 147. mm.

B E A M 0. 1500.55 R E S U L T S - YES YES NO YES NO YES LOAD(+VE/-VE) 0/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 0/ 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 SHEAR PROVIDE SHEAR LINKS AS FOLLOWS |----------------------------------------------------------------| | FROM .0 0.00 0.24/ 285. 1000. 0.2/ 2064. 495.12/ 370. 5240.00/ 16 D E S I G N 141.00 0.75/ 185. MOMENTS(+VE/-VE) (KN-METER) 0.3/ 876.32 MM 7. 6000.3/ 0.96/ 174.0 0. 6000.62/ 46.00 0.1 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 4 | 249 mm | | 3000 4000 mm | 122.00 0.TO|6000 | | | | | | | | | | | | | 26*8 c/c 80 26*8 c/c 80| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 4No32 H 41.4/ 938.27/ 430. 5500.59/ 293.0/ 2571. R E S U L T S SIZE - 380.6/ 1581. 5000. FC .9/ 2105. MM ) 0.0/ 264. SHEAR | LOAD | LINKS | NO. 2000.4 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 4 | 249 mm | | 4000 END 2 | 372.TO 760 4No16 H 495.8/ 264.6 0.0 0.8 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 26 | 80 mm | |----------------------------------------------------------------| ___ 15J____________________ 6000.22/ 364.9/ 2454. mm 16 D E S I G N FY .X 535_____________________ 16J____ ||======== =========|| | 7No12 H 497. 3000.5 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 26 | 80 mm | | 2001 3001 mm | 128.460.0/ 700.12 MM 4.00 0.X 380. 760. 0.5240.1/ 1527.0 0.00/ 31. DESIGN COLUMN 2 5 73 . | SPACING C/C | |----------------|------------|------|-------|-----|-------------| | END 1 2001 mm | 378.1 N O. 2500.19/ 0.0 0. 4500.00 0.90/ 413. 500. mm LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR mm mm mm STA END ------------------------------------------------------------------1 2 3 41.30.00 0. 497.0 0. 4. 0. 0.2/ 2432.TO 6000 | | | | | | ||=========================================================================|| |___________________________________________________________________________| ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ | ooooooo | | | | | | | | oooo | | 7T12 | | | | | | | | 4T16 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 4T32 | | 4T32 | | 4T32 | | 4T32 | | 4T32 | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| ********************END OF BEAM DESIGN************************** 54.0 0.0 611. 4000. STEEL SUMMARY : ------------------------------SECTION REINF STEEL(+VE/-VE) ( MM ) (SQ.16 MM REQUIRED REINF. 6000.00 124. 6000.00 0.0 0.00 0. X FLEXURE 535.Example Problem 8 ==================================================================== B E A M LEN - N O.62 0.34/ 416.0 0.00 0.TO | MAX. 3500.0 0.

LOAD LOCATION ---------------------------------------------------8 16 MM 2.com * ************************************************************ .com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.Part I .Application Examples 74 Example Problem 8 ==================================================================== C O L U M N FY . MM.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT. SQ.460. X 300.30.co.793 2 EACH END (PROVIDE EQUAL NUMBER OF BARS AT EACH FACE) ********************END OF COLUMN DESIGN RESULTS******************** 55. R E S U L T S 300.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.co.460. N O.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. END CONCRETE DESIGN 56.244 2 EACH END (ARRANGE COLUMN REINFORCEMENTS SYMMETRICALLY) ==================================================================== C O L U M N FY . please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.Pro. 2 FC . LOAD LOCATION ---------------------------------------------------8 20 MM 2. N/MM2 D E S I G N CIRC SIZE AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 1586. MM DIAMETER SQ.com * * * * North America support@bentley. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley. N/MM2 5 D E S I G N SQRE SIZE - AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 2499. N O. MM.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. FC -30.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley. MM. BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT.com * * Asia support@bentley.com * * Europe support@bentley. R E S U L T S 300.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.

Concrete design of an element is performed. 75 .Example Problem 9 Example Problem No. The finite element part is used to model floor slabs and a shear wall. 9 The space frame structure in this example consists of frame members and finite elements (plates).

5 0 33 12 4.5 6 29 12 4. 2 2 11 3 3 34 .5 6 28 10.5 0 26 7.5 4.5 4.375 0 37 6 1. 8 37 38 .5 4.375 6 The joint numbers and their coordinates are defined through the above set of commands.125 6 39 6 3.125 0 36 6 3.2006 REP ALL 2 6 0 0 7 0 4. 5 35 36 .5 0 15 1.5 4.5 4. The automatic generation facility has been used several times in the above lines. UNIT METER NEWTON The units for the data that follows are specified above.Application Examples 76 Example Problem 9 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.5 0 14 4. 6 36 18 7 4 37 .5 4. STAAD SPACE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM WITH FRAME MEMBERS AND FINITE ELEMENTS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.5 6 34 6 1. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.Part I . MEMBER INCI *COLUMNS 1 1 7 .5 6 17 4.5 0 11 0 4. JOINT COORD 1000.5 6 23 7.5 0 25 10.5 0 22 6 4.5 6 12 1. Users may refer to section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual where the joint coordinate generation facilities are described. 12 6 33 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=0 . 10 39 22 11 5 29 . Y and Z axes.5 4. 4 34 35 . 9 38 39 .5 4.5 6 18 6 4. The second line forms the title to identify this project.

36 17 22 37 22 26 . 35 16 17 . 26 12 13 . In this case.0 21 29 30 24 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 0 25 7 12 . 31 24 25 . GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 4 4 MESH DCEF 4 4 MESH DCHG 4 4 77 . DEFINE MESH A JOINT 7 B JOINT 11 C JOINT 22 D JOINT 18 E JOINT 33 F JOINT 29 G JOINT 3 H JOINT 4 The above lines define the nodes of super-elements. In other cases.0 33 11 15 . 40 28 33 The member incidences are defined through the above set of commands.Example Problem 9 13 7 8 16 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=6. the points describe the outer corners of a slab and that of a shear wall. For some members. Superelements are plate/shell surfaces from which a number of individual plate/shell elements can be generated. Section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual describes these facilities in detail. 38 26 27 . STAAD's automatic generation facilities are utilized. 28 14 18 29 18 23 . 27 13 14 . 39 27 28 . 32 25 29 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 12. 34 15 16 .0 17 18 19 20 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=12. 30 23 24 . Our goal is to define the slab and the wall as several plate/shell elements. the member number followed by the start and end joint numbers are defined.

intensity on elements 41 to 72.Part I . UNIT MMS MEMB PROP 1 TO 40 PRIS YD 300 ZD 300 Members 1 to 40 are defined as a rectangular prismatic section with 300 mm depth and 300 mm width.0 Load 1 consists of a pressure load of 10 KNS/sq. For example. SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED Joints 1 to 6 are defined as fixed supported. . The negative sign (and the default value for the axis) indicates that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of the element local z-axis. C and D with 4 elements along the edges AB & CD and 4 elements along the edges BC & DA. UNIT KNS METER LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD FROM FLOOR ELEMENT LOAD 41 TO 72 PRESSURE -10.m. ELEM PROP 41 TO 88 TH 150 Elements 41 to 88 are defined to be 150 mm thick.Application Examples 78 Example Problem 9 The above lines form the instructions to generate individual 4noded elements from the super-element profiles. the command MESH ABCD 4 4 means that STAAD has to generate 16 elements from the surface formed by the points A. B. CONSTANT E 21000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity and Poisson’s ratio are defined above for all the members and elements following the keyword CONSTANT.

Load 2 consists of joint loads in the Z direction at joints 11.9 times load case 1 and 1. 22 FZ -450. 22 and 33.3 Load 3 is a combination of 0.9 2 1. Note that design will consist only of flexural reinforcement calculations in the longitudinal and transverse directions of the elements for the moments MX and MY. LOAD COMB 3 1 0. members forces and element stresses are printed for load cases 1 and 3. Design is done according to the British code. START CONCRETE DESIGN CODE BRITISH DESIGN ELEMENT 47 END CONCRETE DESIGN The above set of command form the instructions to STAAD to perform a concrete design on element 47. PERFORM ANALYSIS The command to perform an elastic analysis is specified above. LOAD LIST 1 3 PRINT SUPP REAC PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 27 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 47 Support reactions. FINI The STAAD run is terminated. 79 .Example Problem 9 LOAD 2 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 11 33 FZ -90.3 times load case 2.

10.5 4.5 6 12 1. 8.5 4. 51. 37. 46. 49. 50. Intl.5 6 29 12 4. 38 26 27 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 27 13 14 . 2. 17. 20. 10 39 22 11 5 29 . 34. 4 34 35 . 52. 9. 2 2 11 3 3 34 . 19. 23. 35 16 17 . 30 23 24 . 30. 13.125 0 36 6 3. 36. 14. 47. 41.5 6 17 4. 33.0 17 18 19 20 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=12. 16. 7. 5.125 6 39 6 3. 31. 24. 28. 34 15 16 . 21.5 4.Application Examples 80 Example Problem 9 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 38. 11.5 6 28 10. 39.5 6 18 6 4. 32. STAAD SPACE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM WITH FRAME MEMBERS AND FINITE ELEMENTS UNIT METER NEWTON JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 . 39 27 28 . 36 17 22 37 22 26 . 40.5 4. 28 14 18 29 18 23 . 15. 32 25 29 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 12. 26 12 13 .375 6 MEMBER INCI *COLUMNS 1 1 7 .Part I . 3. 4. 18. 44. 54.5 4. 45.5 4. 55. 8 37 38 .5 4. 12. 53.5 0 15 1.5 0 33 12 4. 22.5 0 26 7. 12 6 33 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=0 13 7 8 16 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=6.5 4.5 0 22 6 4. 6 36 18 7 4 37 .0 21 29 30 24 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 0 25 7 12 . 9 38 39 .5 0 11 0 4. 2 0 0 6 REP ALL 2 6 0 0 7 0 4.5 6 23 7. 25. 5 35 36 . 40 28 33 DEFINE MESH A JOINT 7 B JOINT 11 C JOINT 22 D JOINT 18 E JOINT 33 F JOINT 29 G JOINT 3 H JOINT 4 GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 4 4 MESH DCEF 4 4 MESH DCHG 4 4 UNIT MMS MEMB PROP 1 TO 40 PRIS YD 300 ZD 300 ELEM PROP 41 TO 88 TH 150 CONSTANT E 21000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT . 42.0 33 11 15 . 35. 48. 43. 6.5 0 14 4. 29.5 0 25 10.375 0 37 6 1. 27.5 6 34 6 1. 31 24 25 . 26.

06 15.47 17. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 47 81 .38 -7. 1 TO 6 FIXED UNIT KNS METER LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD FROM FLOOR ELEMENT LOAD 41 TO 72 PRESSURE -10. PRINT SUPP REAC SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 8.32 74.00 -0.Example Problem 9 56.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 27 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 13 14 13 14 0. 63.42 211.05 0.18 -7. PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 27 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.47 -9.57 -0.77 -6.00 0. 58.53 31.38 -7. 65.06 -0.07 -67.11 -22.29 74.19 11.00 0.05 0.67 22.05 0.04 -12.94 -10.19 -11.00 0.42 10.11 -11.00 0.05 0.53 12. 61.23 0.94 11.29 0.00 0.15 74.29 68.29 65.3 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 69/ 88/ 6 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 67.77 6.62 3. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 378 68.29 68.72 0.47 -9.76 476.29 -6.00 0.68 211. 22 FZ -450.76 336. LOAD COMB 3 1 0.00 -0.9 2 1.75 67.43 791.47 17.88 -10.57 10.18 7.65 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 71.99 0.55 -21.19 -10.19 10.06 0.38 10.88 0. 66.47 8.51 3.00 0.00 -8.67 10. 62.00 0.88 -10.67 -0.00 0.76 10.72 6.04 12.77 -15. 59.53 0.88 -10.18 -7. 64. 60.71 -19. 57. LOAD LIST 1 3 69.75 15.0 LOAD 2 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 11 33 FZ -90.00 0.23 -12.29 0.43 -411.77 -15.00 12.47 -8.00 0.29 65.99 1 2 3 4 5 6 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 70.32 74.38 10.18 7.00 0.

92 180.550358E+02 47 3 3.310847E+03 47 1 3. MOM-Y /LOAD (kN-m/m) 0.82 1.37 -11.4 -11.7 509. CODE BRITISH PROGRAM CODE REVISION V1.2 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 3.16mm BARS AT 250mm C/C = 804mm2/metre ELEMENT 47 TOP : BOTT: LONG. END CONCRETE DESIGN .Part I .00 / -13.32 SMAX= 3666.09 -46.35 / 0 1 ***************************END OF ELEMENT DESIGN************************** 75. PRACTICAL LAYOUTS ARE AS FOLLOWS: FY=460. 4No.17 -9. 1 1 5. 301.60 TMAX= SMIN= 2487.34 555.705871E+03 PLATE NO.35 -16.87 SMAX= -2666.16mm BARS AT 150mm C/C = 1206mm2/metre FY=250.15 3310.96 3078.87 TMAX= SMIN= 2648. START CONCRETE DESIGN 73. 47 47 CASE NO. REINF (mm2/m) 195.07 519.54 2876.44 / 0 1 TRANS.36 ANGLE= 20. MOM-X /LOAD (kN-m/m) 0.705871E+03 47 1 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 72.52 -10. 205.LENGTH UNITS= KNS METE STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.51 3479.99 0.44 3278.99 -59.22 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX MY SY 4.04 330.5_8110_97/1 74. DESIGN ELEMENT 47 ELEMENT DESIGN SUMMARY-BASED ON 16mm BARS ----------------------------------------MINIMUM AREAS ARE ACTUAL CODE MIN % REQUIREMENTS.666786E+03 -3.22 SMIN= -3479. 6No.27 5.79 SMIN= -3705.5 7.79 3 14.52 SMAX= 3149.Application Examples 82 Example Problem 9 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE. REINF (mm2/m) 195. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 47 1 TOP : BOTT: TOP : BOTT: SQX VONT TRESCAT 17.00 / -10.07 TMAX= 4.18 3149.77 ANGLE= 20.76 ANGLE= ANGLE= 26.60 SMAX= -2369.85 3705.70 TMAX= MXY SXY -13.85 3666.

Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.Example Problem 9 76.co.co.com * ************************************************************ 83 .de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * Europe support@bentley.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.Pro.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * * Asia support@bentley.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * * * * North America support@bentley.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.co.

Part I .Application Examples 84 Example Problem 9 NOTES .

Tank Model Deflected Shape 85 .Example Problem 10 Example Problem No. Water pressure from inside is used as loading for the tank. Reinforcement calculations have been done for some elements. 10 A tank structure is modeled with four-noded plate elements.

5.5. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 0.5. 0. The REPEAT command generates joint coordinates by repeating the pattern of the previous line of joint coordinates.5.5. 6. REPEAT 4 1. 0.5. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF TANK * STRUCTURE Every input has to start with the word STAAD. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 7 6 TO 4 1 1 REPEAT 14 4 5 61 76 77 2 1 TO 64 1 1 65 1 6 81 76 66 76 81 82 71 67 71 82 83 66 68 66 83 56 61 69 6 11 84 81 70 81 84 85 82 71 82 85 86 83 72 83 86 51 56 73 11 16 87 84 74 84 87 88 85 . 0. REPEAT 4 -1. 5 0.5. This is followed by X. 0. 0. 4. 0. REPEAT 2 1. 0. 0. UNITS METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame (3-D) structure. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. Joint number followed by X. The number following the REPEAT command is the number of repetitions to be carried out.5. Y and Z coordinate increments. –1. REPEAT 3 0. 1. 0. REPEAT 4 0. 1. 0.Part I . 0.5. 83 1. This is explained in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual. 81 1. 0.Application Examples 86 Example Problem 10 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.

11. SUPPORT 1 TO 76 BY 5 81 TO 89 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at the joints listed above.0 mm THick.0 Element properties are provided by specifying that the elements are 200.Example Problem 10 75 76 77 78 79 80 85 86 16 87 88 89 88 89 21 26 31 36 89 46 26 31 36 41 86 51 87 88 89 46 Element connectivities are input as above by providing the element number followed by joint numbers defining the element. The expression “1 TO 76 BY 5” means 1. CONSTANTS E 21. UNIT METER LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 4 TO 64 BY 4 PR 50. etc. up to 76.0 ALL POISSON CONC ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided following the keyword CONSTANTS. This is explained in detail in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual. The REPEAT command generates element incidences by repeating the pattern of the previous line of element nodes. UNIT MMS ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 80 TH 200. No moments will be carried by these supports. The number following the REPEAT command is the number of repetitions to be carried out and that is followed by element and joint number increments.0 87 .0 3 TO 63 BY 4 PR 100. 6.

It consists of element loads in the form of uniform PRessure acting along the local z-axis. elements) 9 and 12 will be designed and the reinforcement requirements obtained. The LIST option restricts the print output to that for the joints/elements listed.Application Examples 88 Example Problem 10 2 TO 62 BY 4 PR 150. CODE BRITISH DESIGN SLAB 9 12 Slabs (i. UNIT MMS PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 5 25 45 65 PRINT ELEM FORCE LIST 9 TO 16 Joint displacements for a selected set of nodes and element corner forces for some elements are written in the output file as a result of the above commands. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.e. END CONCRETE DESIGN Terminates the concrete design operation. The forces printed are in the global directions at the nodes of the elements.0 1 TO 61 BY 4 PR 200.Part I . FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. START CONCRETE DESIGN The above command initiates concrete design. elements are typically designed for the moments MX and MY at the centroid of the element. In STAAD.0 Load case 1 is initiated. .

23. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 5 25 45 65 459 89 . 13. -1. 39.0 CONSTANTS E 21. 28.5 81 1. 0.5 REPEAT 2 1. 15.5 0. 22. 4. 20. 5. 16. 33. 6. 46. 0. 29. 5 0. 11. 1. 44. 9. 0. Intl. 0. REPEAT 4 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 48. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 43. 7. 3.5 0. 47.5 0. 21. 36. 38. 25.0 1 TO 61 BY 4 PR 200.5 0. REPEAT 3 0.0 2 TO 62 BY 4 PR 150. 27.5 0. 0. 6. 19. 37. 2. REPEAT 4 0. 18. 8. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF TANK * STRUCTURE UNITS METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 7 6 TO 4 1 1 REPEAT 14 4 5 61 76 77 2 1 TO 64 1 1 65 1 6 81 76 66 76 81 82 71 67 71 82 83 66 68 66 83 56 61 69 6 11 84 81 70 81 84 85 82 71 82 85 86 83 72 83 86 51 56 73 11 16 87 84 74 84 87 88 85 75 85 88 89 86 76 86 89 46 51 77 16 21 26 87 78 87 26 31 88 79 88 31 36 89 80 89 36 41 46 UNIT MMS ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 80 TH 200. 30. 4.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 89/ 80/ 25 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 40. 0. 32. 26.Example Problem 10 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. UNIT MMS 49. 0.5 REPEAT 4 -1. 17.0 3 TO 63 BY 4 PR 100. 10. 0. 31. 35. 41. 45. 12. 1.5 83 1. 42.0 ALL POISSON CONC ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 76 BY 5 81 TO 89 PINNED UNIT METER LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 4 TO 64 BY 4 PR 50. 14. 34. 24.

3985E+01 7.6885E+01 -6.2919E+01 -1.LENGTH UNITS= KNS GLOBAL CORNER FORCES JOINT FX FY FZ ELE.4829E-06 1.5139E+01 -6.4279E+04 ELE.0002 Y-ROTAN 0.5470E+01 1.3665E+04 24 1.6957E+04 20 -1.4265E+02 MMS MX MY MZ 1 1.4404E+02 4.0000 0.3829E+02 -2.0000 Z-ROTAN -0.0002 -0.1528E+01 -1.0002 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 50.6418E+02 -2.5252E+04 1.7286E+01 -7.2121E+02 -1.0499E+05 -6.8259E+04 18 2.7927E+04 ELE.9853E+04 -1.7652E+04 13 -2.7388E+04 14 -2.8790E+05 -6.4860E+02 -5.5610E+04 -2.1780E+00 -1.3809E+01 1.4213E+00 -1.5632E+02 17 1.0833E+05 4.7299E+04 1.8422E+02 2.0044E+02 -3.6686E+02 -2.3267E+01 -2.5202E+00 -1.4179E+01 -1.2229E+05 5.3445E+02 -1.6896E+01 1.NO.6896E+01 8.1969E+05 18 -2. 13 FOR LOAD CASE 1 16 -1.5280E+02 -5.2181E+02 2.8697E+02 -1.9661E+04 1.3355E+02 1.8359E+01 -5.3096E+04 2. 14 FOR LOAD CASE 1 17 -2.4616E+02 -1.8717E+04 -2.4563E+01 -2.NO.3646E+04 6.0959E+04 1.6709E+04 -5.9439E+05 -4.0931E+05 2.9905E+04 1.6183E+04 -2.1198E+02 3.4809E+04 22 1.5563E+01 -2.0103 -0.4697E+04 19 2.3215E+04 23 2.2219E+02 1.0999E+02 -3.0002 0.8741E+03 -3.6568E+01 -1.1267E+04 1.3068E+00 -1. 10 FOR LOAD CASE 1 12 -1.8137E+02 5.Part I .2142E+01 2.7875E+02 -1.9154E+04 2.6418E+02 2.7932E+02 -6.0103 -0.0002 -0.4029E+04 5.Application Examples 90 Example Problem 10 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 5 25 45 65 LOAD 1 1 1 1 X-TRANS RADIANS) Y-TRANS -0.NO.2673E+05 -1.9661E+04 5.9044E+04 4.6525E+05 -3.0103 0.0006 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS X-ROTAN -0.0103 0.4951E+02 3.2736E+04 3.0227E-04 9.4820E+05 5.4843E+02 4.0006 0.1804E+02 -5.5720E+04 ELE.5597E+01 -1.7391E+04 .8019E+01 1.1350E+05 5.4411E+02 5.0983E+04 -5.NO.5288E+04 1.9905E+04 1. 11 FOR LOAD CASE 1 13 -2.5236E+04 18 2.1115E+02 8.0002 -0.8428E+01 1.9770E+04 1.0000 0.6787E+02 16 2.3868E+04 15 -1.3487E+04 5.3390E+04 5.NO.8019E+01 1.4377E+04 4.2151E+04 1.9615E+05 4.0552E+01 -7. PRINT ELEM FORCE LIST 9 TO 16 ELEMENT FORCES -------------- FORCE.5797E+02 4.4535E+04 -4.0000 0.0357E+01 -2.0284E+05 -5.0444E+04 22 2.3346E+04 1.8249E+04 -5.NO.1796E+01 -1.0826E+03 -5.8717E+04 25 1.6331E+04 1.5252E+04 24 1.0103 0.5470E+01 2.2741E+02 -2.6044E+04 -4.0566E+05 4.3119E+02 5.6136E+01 -7.2522E+04 1.2387E+01 8.NO.0396E+04 19 -2.6502E+02 -7.6292E+04 ELE.0002 0.4207E+04 6.0814E+01 1.3228E+01 3.5180E+04 17 -3.1163E+03 -2.3039E+02 -1.3740E+01 6.7008E+04 6. 15 FOR LOAD CASE 1 18 -2.3732E+04 2.8154E+02 12 -8.3106E+02 2.4028E+01 3.0006 0.4213E+00 6.6895E+02 1.6342E+04 1.0103 0.5288E+04 19 1.4018E+01 2.4535E+04 4.1068E+04 -5.9361E+02 1.7426E+04 2.2581E+04 -1. 16 FOR LOAD CASE 1 19 -1.6136E+01 -6.0103 0.6211E+05 5.1978E+04 17 1.3753E+01 1.6342E+04 1.1533E+04 23 2.8792E+02 6.4444E+04 -4. 9 FOR LOAD CASE 11 -8.8125E+01 8.0103 0.4563E+01 -6.4106E+01 -6.8110E+01 -7.0980E+03 -4. 12 FOR LOAD CASE 1 14 -1.1780E+00 -4.1714E+04 -5.0020E+04 21 -4.1372E+04 ELE.0854E+01 5.0002 0.3170E+05 -4.0527E+02 -8.NO.6646E+01 -1.6725E+01 -3.3363E+01 1.1943E+04 2.3157E+02 -1.0392E+04 ELE.7545E+02 1.9015E+04 20 1.6273E+02 6.0140E+04 ELE.0370E+05 6.0868E+04 7.2661E+02 -8.9002E+02 -1.0006 0.3437E+01 8.1918E-06 -2.8931E+01 -1.

21 / 0.51 / 0 1 387.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.com * * Europe support@bentley. 90. DESIGN SLAB 9 12 ELEMENT DESIGN SUMMARY-BASED ON 16mm BARS ----------------------------------------MINIMUM AREAS ARE ACTUAL CODE MIN % REQUIREMENTS. REINF (mm2/m) MOM-Y /LOAD (kN-m/m) 9 TOP : BOTT: 260.23 / 0. PRACTICAL LAYOUTS ARE AS FOLLOWS: FY=460.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. 341. 6No.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.16mm BARS AT 150mm C/C = 1206mm2/metre FY=250. REINF (mm2/m) MOM-X /LOAD (kN-m/m) TRANS.16mm BARS AT 250mm C/C = 804mm2/metre ELEMENT LONG.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley. CODE BRITISH PROGRAM CODE REVISION V1.co.Pro.00 / -0. 260.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.co. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * * * * North America support@bentley. END CONCRETE DESIGN 55.5_8110_97/1 53. 0.43 / 0 1 1570.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley. START CONCRETE DESIGN 52. 260.00 / -24.com * ************************************************************ 91 .jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 / 1 0 12 TOP : BOTT: 260. 4No.co.Example Problem 10 51. 260.00 / 1 0 ***************************END OF ELEMENT DESIGN************************** 54. 25.com * * Asia support@bentley.

Part I .Application Examples 92 Example Problem 10 NOTES .

Results of a static and dynamic analysis are combined. The combined results are then used for steel design. 11 Dynamic analysis (Response Spectrum) is performed for a steel structure. 93 .Example Problem 11 Example Problem No.

MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 .0 Joint number followed by X. 6 6.0 .0 0.0 0. . 2 6. Since this is a plane structure.0 3 0.0 .Part I .Application Examples 94 Example Problem 11 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.0 6. 4 6.0 0.0 5 0. 4 4 6 5 3 4 . The word ST stands for standard single section.0 6. Y and Z coordinates are provided above.0 0. zeros.0 3. Semicolon signs (.0 0. the Z coordinates are all the same. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used.0 0. in this case.0 . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 4 TA ST UC254X254X73 5 TA ST UB305X165X54 6 TA ST UB203X133X30 Properties for all members are assigned from the British steel table. 6 5 6 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. SUPPORTS 1 2 FIXED Fixed supports are specified at joints 1 and 2.0 0. 2 2 4 .) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. 3 3 5 .0 3. STAAD PLANE RESPONSE SPECTRUM ANALYSIS Every input has to start with the word STAAD.0 0.

MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GY -25. Poisson’s ratio and DENsity are specified above.5 Load 1 contains member loads also. The 95 .8 5 CON GY -37. Without the above command. * LOAD 1 WILL BE STATIC LOAD UNIT METER LOAD 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOADS Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.0 The above command indicates that the selfweight of the structure acting in the global Y direction is part of this load case. hence downwards.0 4. A line starting with an asterisk (*) mark indicates a comment line. SELFWEIGHT Y -1. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction while Y indicates local Y direction.0 1.0 5 CON GY -25.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 76. Prior to this. Length unit is changed from METER to MMS to facilitate the input. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 2 The number of mode shapes to be considered in dynamic analysis is set to 2.Example Problem 11 UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210.5 3.977E-09 ALL Material constants such as E (modulus of elasticity). this will be set to the default which can be found in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual.2 5 6 UNI Y -22.0 is meant to indicate that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of global Y. The factor of -1. the length unit is changed to METER for specifying distributed member loads.

0 4.0 1. MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GX 25. only X and Y directions need to be considered. Internally. In a PLANE frame. Z etc. masses (loads) should be provided in all three (X. SELFWEIGHT X 1.Application Examples 96 Example Problem 11 word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load while CON stands for concentrated load. Y.5 3. hence it is best to specify them as absolute values (without a negative sign). Also. Load case 2 is then initiated along with an optional title. GX and GY indicate that the load.0 4. the direction (X.2 5 CON GY 25. These masses (in terms of loads) will be considered for the eigensolution.0 The above commands indicate that the selfweight of the structure acting in the global X and Y directions with a factor of 1.Part I .8 5 CON GX 37. This will be a dynamic load case. LOAD 2 SEISMIC LOADING The two lines which begin with the asterisk are comment lines which tell us the purpose of the next load case. and hence the resulting mass.0 is taken into consideration for the mass matrix. is capable of vibration along the global X and Y .0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.) of the loads will correspond to the dynamic degrees of freedom in which the masses are capable of vibrating.2 The mass matrix will also consist of terms derived from the above member loads. * NEXT LOAD WILL BE RESPONSE SPECTRUM LOAD * WITH MASSES PROVIDED IN TERMS OF LOAD. Y and Z) directions if they are active along all three. the program converts these loads to masses.8 5 CON GY 25. In a SPACE frame.0 1. GY is followed by the value of the load and the distance at which it is applied.0 5 CON GX 25.5 3. The user has the freedom to restrict one or more directions.0 5 CON GY 37. Permanent masses will be provided in the form of loads.

Since this spectrum is in terms of ACCeleration (the other possibility being displacement). 3 consists of the sum of the static load case (1) with the positive direction of the dynamic load case (2). 37.60 The above SPECTRUM command specifies that the modal responses be combined using the CQC method (alternatives being the SRSS method.5 2.35 0. The scale factor is the quantity by which spectral accelerations (and spectral displacements) must be multiplied by before they are used in the calculations. The word CON stands for concentrated load.0m and 4.75 In a response spectrum analysis.0 1. Load combination case no.1 1. the result is factored by 0. it is necessary to create 2 load combination cases.05 1. SPECTRUM CQC X 1. In both cases.80 0. 3. That is what is being done above.05 (5%) and a scale factor of 9.).05 SCALE 9.95 . and hence are absolute numbers. The spectrum effect is in the global X direction with a factor of 1.0.5. ABS method. 1.03 1.75 2 0. LOAD COMBINATION 3 1 0. acceleration.806 0. Consequently. the spectrum data is given as period vs.0 ACC DAMP 0.75. the sign of the forces cannot be determined. to account for the fact that the force could be positive or negative.80 . 4 consists of the sum of the static load case (1) with the negative direction of the dynamic load case (2).8m.Example Problem 11 directions. 0.2m from the start of member 5. Load combination case no. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT MODE SHAPES 97 .806 are used. and 25 kNs are located at 1.00 . The values of periods and the corresponding accelerations are given in the last 3 lines.75 2 -0. etc.2 2.75 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. Concentrated forces of 25. 0. Damping ratio of 0.

reactions and member forces are recorded in the output file using the above command. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS Displacements. 3 and 4 will be considered for these calculations. . LOAD LIST 1 3 4 PARAMETER CODE BRITISH SELECT ALL A steel design in the form of a member selection is performed based on the rules of the British code.Application Examples 98 Example Problem 11 This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. The PRINT command instructs the program to print mode shape values. Only the member forces resulting from load cases 1. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.Part I .

Example Problem 11 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 47. 4.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT MODE SHAPES P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER 6/ 2 99 . 17.0 5 CON GY 37. 7. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 27.0 ACC DAMP 0. 8. LOAD 2 SEISMIC LOADING SELFWEIGHT X 1. Intl.2 SPECTRUM CQC X 1.0 1.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 . 24. 36.95 . 33. 11.0 1. 2 6. 6 5 6 MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 4 TA ST UC254X254X73 5 TA ST UB305X165X54 6 TA ST UB203X133X30 SUPPORTS 1 2 FIXED UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210. 51.806 0.1 1.0 4. 34. 13.0 4. 1.2 5 6 UNI Y -22. 15. 28. 3.0 5 CON GX 25.0 3. 6 6. 37. 5.0 0. 40.0 0.977E-09 ALL CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 2 * LOAD 1 WILL BE STATIC LOAD UNIT METER LOAD 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOADS SELFWEIGHT Y -1.0 3 0. 39. 30.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.8 5 CON GY 25.75 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. 12.0 4. 4 6. 6.80 0. 31. 23. 3 3 5 .2 5 CON GY 25.0 MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GX 25.0 1.0 .0 5 0. 0. 45.5 3. 25.5 3. 48.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 76.0 0. STAAD PLANE RESPONSE SPECTRUM ANALYSIS UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.75 2 -0. 10.5 3. 46.60 LOAD COMBINATION 3 1 0.75 2 0. 50. 2.0 5 CON GY -25.0 6. 20. 49. 9. 32.5 * NEXT LOAD WILL BE RESPONSE SPECTRUM LOAD * WITH MASSES PROVIDED IN TERMS OF LOAD. 2 2 4 .35 0.0 0. 19.0 MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GY -25.0 6.80 .8 5 CON GX 37.8 5 CON GY -37.5 2. 4 4 6 5 3 4 . 43.0 0. 42. 29.0 1.0 .05 1.0 0.00 . 35. 26. 44.0 0. 16. 38. 18. 0.0 3. 21.0 0.0 . 14.03 1. 41. 22.05 SCALE 9.2 2.

000E+00 0.19308 0.58328 1.00218 -0.00000 0.742E-03 -9.00000 0.000E+00 0.889183E+01 MODAL WEIGHT X Y Z 9.000E+00 0.00000 -0.00000 1.58328 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.742E-03 MODE SHAPES ----------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 RESPONSE LOAD CASE 2 CQC MODAL COMBINATION METHOD USED.Application Examples 100 Example Problem 11 TOTAL NUMBER OF NUMBER OF NUMBER OF PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 -3.00 0.437 0.889183E+01 MISSING WEIGHT X Y Z -3.889152E+01 1.863E-03 -2.00 0.07067 1.00000 0.077470E-04 -9.00251 -0.00000 0.000E+00 0.000000E+00 KNS 0.797E-03 MODE X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 2 2 2 2 2 2 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.797E-03 -2.00000 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.00 0.05000 0.000E+00 0.05145 MODE SHAPES ----------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 MODE X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.798E-03 -2.798E-03 -9.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.13 3.000E+00 0.00282 0.000E+00 0.000000E+00 KNS DAMPING ------0.000E+00 0.00000 0.00 0.590301E-35 MODE ---- ACCELERATION-G -------------- 1 2 2.000E+00 0.00 0.05000 MODAL BASE ACTIONS FORCES IN KNS LENGTH IN METE ----------------------------------------------------------MOMENTS ARE ABOUT THE ORIGIN MODE PERIOD FX 1 2 0.74097 1.00 MZ -854.00282 -0.000E+00 0.000000E+00 KNS 0.179 19.00400 -0.00000 0.Part I .00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = MODES REQUESTED = 2 EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 8 MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 2 12 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 2 5.00218 0.863E-03 -3.44 FY FZ MX MY 0.66 .00000 1.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 -2.000E+00 0.07067 -0.000E+00 0.889183E+01 9.00400 0.051 266.000E+00 0.36730 0. DYNAMIC WEIGHT X Y Z 9.00000 0.193 0.17 2.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.00251 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.

PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 LOAD 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 X-TRANS 0.76 21.09 117.09 82.43 185.57 250.89 0.1560 3.39 94.0042 2.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0280 -0.0091 -0.00 183.4239 1.00 266.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.1560 3.00 0.00 0.0000 0.40 -203.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0280 -0.0046 0.0000 0.0000 0.0046 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0017 0.0000 0.0063 0.00 0.0047 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0022 -0.00 2.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0035 -0.00 268.57 250.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0091 -0.00 0.00 0.89 185.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.52 59.00 0.0000 0.1292 RADIANS) Y-TRANS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 2 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0.0214 -0.0000 0.0390 0.0000 0.0104 -0.0000 0.00 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.0000 0.00 0.0104 -0.0000 0.0371 -0.0000 0.76 -171.0144 -0.80 0.39 94.0000 0.18 0.00 0.0017 0.1048 -3.0063 0.21 -117.00 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 266.0371 0.0017 0.0000 0.0060 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0042 2.00 0.0000 0.40 101 .0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.18 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0283 0.00 0.0000 0.1048 -0.0000 0.00 98.0000 0.0022 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 23.0000 0.0000 0.48 133.11 171.00 0.52 59.00 0.0035 -0.61 0.4239 1.0000 0.0163 4.197 100.00 0.000 TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL SRSS 10PCT ABS CQC SHEAR SHEAR SHEAR SHEAR BASE SHEAR IN KNS -----------------X Y 266.20 1.0000 0.0000 0.8148 -1.0000 METE Z X-ROTAN 0.17 0.Example Problem 11 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE X Y Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 1 2 98.18 0.00 52.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0283 0.00 -21.0000 0.00 0.8211 0.0163 4.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0060 -0.8211 -1.43 -82.0144 -0.00 183.000 0.00 --------------------------266.0000 0.000 0.0000 0.8148 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.21 -23.0000 0.44 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0390 0.0000 0.48 133.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.1292 -3.0214 -0.000 0.0000 0.0017 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.11 203.0000 Y-ROTAN 0.0047 0.

48 -23.00 0.00 0.09 133.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 -32.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.63 0.00 0.00 0.43 82.00 0.07 44.00 0.00 0.03 3.73 32.00 0.00 0.04 58.40 75.57 -48.00 0.01 39.49 46.00 0.42 -52.00 0.00 114.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 185.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.43 -117.00 0.52 -183.49 46.07 59.00 0.76 148.63 43.01 26.87 -65.24 -203.53 47.00 0.13 -46.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.39 -93.73 -114.00 0.95 8.26 -197.00 0.00 0.85 250.00 0.00 0.00 0.11 149. LOAD LIST 1 PARAMETER CODE BRITISH SELECT ALL 3 4 .00 0.70 -44.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 47.52 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 185.38 68.78 -23.00 0.00 0.41 148.63 -43.00 0.42 28.00 59.00 0.00 0.00 0.95 8.88 27.00 0.16 0.38 9.00 0.01 -39.00 0.13 27.00 0.53 -68.53 -68.00 0.47 49.00 0.52 -183.00 65.00 0.00 0.00 0.48 23.43 0.87 65.73 68.10 -58.00 0.13 52.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 -43.00 0.00 0.63 8.00 -65.00 0.00 0.00 21. 55.00 0.73 148.00 0.42 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 -20.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.95 39.50 44.89 -181.00 32.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 69.38 9.04 9.17 171.00 0.00 -15.03 3.00 0.00 0.84 112.00 0.00 0.32 -69.00 0.00 0.00 59.00 183.00 0.28 94.00 0.35 25.70 -44.35 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 43.00 0.00 65.03 -65.44 -26.00 0.00 0.07 59.00 0.00 0.09 117.00 0.48 133.63 -43.00 0.85 250.12 -15.00 0.00 0.47 121.32 69.12 46.00 0.00 0.00 -21.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.12 2 3 4 2 1 2 3 4 3 1 2 3 4 4 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 6 1 2 3 4 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 53.21 0.12 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.11 149.00 0.12 -28.21 -117.00 0.44 26.26 -25.09 43.00 0.44 -39.21 117.76 -148.00 0.00 0.09 82.50 0.17 203.12 112.00 0.89 -181.00 0.49 28.12 15.37 59.00 0.00 0.24 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 70.00 0.00 0.41 197.Application Examples 102 Example Problem 11 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.95 -26.00 183.49 -28.73 -32.00 0.00 0.00 0.40 -75.00 0.00 0.10 -58.00 0.00 0.03 27.78 23. 54.57 48.12 4 6 4 6 4 6 4 6 70.63 8.00 0.00 0.07 58.88 27.00 0.28 94.00 0. 56.48 133.53 0.16 20.00 0.42 -69.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 133.52 -171.00 0.39 -93.00 0.00 0.38 9.07 9.00 0.00 0.21 -82.Part I .00 0.73 121.84 49.44 0.00 0.01 0.43 -82.00 0.00 0.37 59.00 0.07 9.

IN THE POST PROCESSOR.00 4 - ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 57.co.00 ANNEX I.Pro MEMBER SELECTION .KNS MEMBER METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST UC254X254X73 PASS 181. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS.6 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.76 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 ANNEX I.12 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD.6 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.(BSI ) ************************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2.39 C 3 ST UC203X203X46 PASS 46.co.3.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .com * * Asia support@bentley.Example Problem 11 STAAD.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley. UPDATE PROPERTIES.6 0.00 0.70 C 5 ST UB457X191X82 PASS 15.co.12 T 6 ST UB356X171X45 PASS 32. THEN FILE SAVE.979 69.551 69.1 0.00 3 0.76 0. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS.com * ************************************************************ 103 .78 C 2 ST UC254X254X73 PASS 183.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.898 197.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.3.73 C ANNEX I.10 C 4 ST UC203X203X46 PASS 59.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.767 203.Pro.35 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.1 0.551 69.767 203.1 0. PRESS RESULTS. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY.12 4 3 4 0.00 BS-4.00 BS-4.3. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.12 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley. FROM THE UPPER MENU.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 3 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 BS-4.

Part I .Application Examples 104 Example Problem 11 NOTES .

enormous number of load cases may be created resulting in plenty of output to be sorted. as in the case of trucks on a bridge deck. During this process. This type of loading occurs classically when the load-causing units move on the structure. the maximum force envelope is requested for a few specific members. The mobile loads are discretized into several individual immobile load cases at discrete positions. 12 This example demonstrates generation of load cases for the type of loading known as a moving load. 105 .Example Problem 12 Example Problem No. To avoid looking into a lot of output.

the coordinates of the next 30 joints are generated by repeating the pattern of the coordinates of the first 6 joints 5 times with X.Application Examples 106 Example Problem 12 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.0 Joint number followed by X. The fifth line of input defines the member incidences for members 56 to 60. Repeat all (abbreviated as R A) will create members by repeating the member incidence pattern of the previous 11 members.5 0 0 R 5 0 0 9. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 7 6 7 1 2 11 R A 4 11 6 56 31 32 60 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. The first line generates joints 1 through 6. STAAD FLOOR A SIMPLE BRIDGE DECK Every input has to start with the word STAAD.Part I . UNITS METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. zeros. Since this is a floor structure.0 & 9 respectively. The fourth number indicates the final member number upto which they will be generated. With the repeat (R) command. in this case. the Y coordinates are all the same. The number of repetitions to be carried out is provided after the R A command and the member increment and joint increment are defined as 11 and 6 respectively. Y and Z increments of 0. The word FLOOR signifies that the structure is a floor structure and the geometry is defined through X and Z axis. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 6 7. MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 60 TA ST UB305X165X40 .

0 107 . WIDTH is the spacing in the transverse direction. 3 axles (90 90 45) are specified with the LOAD command. A pinned support is one which can resist only translational forces. The above lines represent the first out of two sets of data required in moving load generation.0 45. that is.Example Problem 12 Properties for all members are assigned from the British steel table. it is the distance between the 2 prongs of an axle of the truck.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 76.0 DISTANCE 3. Poisson’s ratio and DENsity are specified above following a change in the units of length from METER to MMS. SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 31 TO 36 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at the above joints. UNITS MMS CONSTANTS E 210. The type number (1) is a label for identification of the load-causing unit. SELF Y -1. such as a truck.5 WIDTH 3. LOAD 1 Load case 1 is initiated.0 90. The word ST stands for standard single section.0 1. The spacing between the axles in the direction of movement (longitudinal direction) is specified after the DISTANCE command.977E-09 ALL UNIT METER KNS Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). DEFINE MOVING LOAD TYPE 1 LOAD 90.0 The characteristics of the vehicle are defined above in METER and KNS units.

Part I .25 0. Y and Z location of the reference load (see section 5. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis and print the values and positions of all the generated load cases.31. For the first of these load cases. ZI 3. The Z Increment of 3.Application Examples 108 Example Problem 12 Selfweight of the structure acting in the negative (due to the factor -1. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.1 of the Technical Reference Manual) have been specified after the command TYPE 1. 0. PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOP LIST 3 41 42 A maximum force envelope consisting of the highest forces for each degree of freedom on the listed members will be written into the output file. LOAD GENERATION 10 TYPE 1 2. the X. .0m apart will be used to generate the remaining 9 load cases. 10 load cases are generated using the Type 1 vehicle whose characteristics were described earlier.0m denotes that the vehicle moves along the Z direction and the individual positions which are 3.0) global Y direction is the only component of load case 1.0 This constitutes the second of the two sets of data required for moving load generation.

22. 15. 20.0000 -45.5 0 0 R 5 0 0 9.0 90. 21.977E-09 ALL UNIT METER KNS DEFINE MOVING LOAD TYPE 1 LOAD 90.75 3. 28.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = 124.25 0. 23.00 3.5 WIDTH 3.Example Problem 12 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 LOAD GENERATION 10 TYPE 1 2. 27. 7.0 DISTANCE 3. 10.5000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.0 1. 4. ZI 3. Intl.00 4.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 7 6 7 1 2 11 R A 4 11 6 56 31 32 60 MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 60 TA ST UB305X165X40 SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 31 TO 36 PINNED UNITS MMS CONSTANTS E 210.0000 -22.0 45.50 4.0000 -90. 5. 3.0000 -45. 18.50 4. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = LOADING 1 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 13. 6. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00 3.5000 -22.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 76. 24.5000 -22.0000 -45.0 LOAD 1 SELF Y -1. 17. 11.UNIT KNS MEMBER 8 10 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 UDL L1 METE L2 CON -90. 26.75 0. 16.391 KNS LOADING 2 ----------MEMBER LOAD . STAAD FLOOR A SIMPLE BRIDGE DECK UNITS METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 6 7.0000 -45.50 LIN1 LIN2 96 109 . 9. 8.00 3.50 4.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 36/ 60/ 12 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 11. 14. 25. 2.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 0. 12. 19.5000 -22.

00 6.5000 -22.50 1.0000 -45.5000 -22.5000 -22.0000 -45.5000 LOADING 5 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 6.5000 -22.0000 -22.5000 LOADING 4 ----------MEMBER LOAD .50 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY CON -90.00 3.0000 -45.50 7.5000 -22.50 METE 19 21 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 LOADING 6 ----------MEMBER LOAD .0000 -45.00 3.75 1.00 3.75 0.0000 -45.0000 -45.00 6.00 6.50 4.00 3.50 .50 7.50 7.00 6.0000 -45.00 7.00 0.UNIT KNS GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY CON -45.00 6.00 3.5000 -22.0000 -45.0000 -45.00 6.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL L1 L2 UDL L1 MEMBER 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 L2 L1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 3.0000 -45.00 6.00 6.UNIT KNS L METE 3 2 5 4 19 21 14 13 16 15 MEMBER CON L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.50 7.5000 -22.75 3.Application Examples 110 Example Problem 12 LOADING 3 ----------MEMBER LOAD .50 4.0000 -45.5000 UDL LIN1 6.5000 -22.0000 -90.5000 -22.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL L1 METE L2 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 -45.00 4.75 0.Part I .0000 -45.5000 -22.0000 -45.0000 -90.00 7.5000 -22.50 1.5000 -22.50 METE L2 CON -45.5000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 3.0000 -90.0000 -22.00 3.00 3.0000 -45.0000 -22.00 3.0000 -45.0000 -45.0000 -45.0000 -45.50 7.50 4.0000 -45.50 1.00 6.00 3.0000 -45.00 6.0000 -22.0000 -45.50 7.

0000 -90.00 3.0000 -90.0000 -90.5000 -22.75 1.00 0.50 METE 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 LOADING 10 ----------MEMBER LOAD .0000 -45.0000 -45.00 6.00 6.5000 UDL LIN1 0.75 0.0000 -45.50 1.00 6.0000 -45.00 3.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL L1 L2 UDL L1 MEMBER L2 25 24 27 26 41 43 36 35 38 37 L1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 6.0000 -22.00 6.00 3.50 4.0000 -45.5000 LOADING 9 ----------MEMBER LOAD .5000 -22.00 6.75 0.0000 -45.00 0.0000 -90.00 4.0000 -22.0000 -22.00 6.0000 -45.00 3.00 6.5000 -22.5000 -22.UNIT KNS L METE 30 32 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 MEMBER CON L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 3.75 1.0000 -90.75 0.50 7.50 4.0000 -45.50 7.50 111 .UNIT KNS GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY CON -90.5000 -22.5000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 6.5000 -22.00 6.0000 -45.50 7.0000 -45.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL L1 METE L2 14 13 16 15 30 32 25 24 27 26 -45.5000 -22.0000 -45.5000 -22.50 1.50 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY CON -45.50 1.00 3.5000 LOADING 8 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 3.50 1.00 7.0000 -45.75 3.Example Problem 12 LOADING 7 ----------MEMBER LOAD .5000 -22.0000 -22.0000 -45.0000 -45.50 1.00 6.50 4.5000 -22.0000 -45.50 1.0000 -45.0000 -45.00 6.5000 -22.50 METE L2 CON -45.5000 -22.

co.00 -504.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.03 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.50 1.0000 -90.00 4 1 5 11 73.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.30 0.00 9.50 1.50 4.0000 -22.com * * Asia support@bentley.Part I .75 0.00 0.00 4.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 -31.00 1 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 1.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 1.75 3.50 11 0.50 1.00 3.co.36 0.00 -18.50 4.com * ************************************************************ .com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.50 5 1 10 11 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.76 0.00 -134.24 0.00 0.00 9.00 3 1 3 11 0.0000 -45.50 1 1 1 11 9.00 0.5000 -22.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.00 1.50 10 1 11 11 9.00 11 0.50 4.16 0.84 0.0000 -45.17 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 9.00 0.0000 -45.00 3.00 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 -147. PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOP LIST 3 41 42 MEMBER FORCE ENVELOPE --------------------ALL UNITS ARE KNS METE MAX AND MIN FORCE VALUES AMONGST ALL SECTION LOCATIONS MEMB 3 MAX MIN 41 MAX MIN FY/ FZ DIST DIST 81.00 0.00 0.50 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 29.00 1.50 5 1 10 11 42 MAX MIN LD LD MZ/ MY DIST DIST LD LD FX DIST LD 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 1.34 0.50 11 ********** END OF FORCE ENVELOPE FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ********** 30.0000 -45.50 0.00 0.Pro.5000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 LIN2 0.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL METE L1 L2 41 43 36 35 38 37 36 35 38 37 CON -90.00 1 0.5000 -22.00 1 0.30 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.Application Examples 112 Example Problem 12 LOADING 11 ----------MEMBER LOAD .5000 -22.00 0.00 -0.00 9.18 0.48 0.00 3.75 1.00 0.00 1.00 9.

The shape is generated on the basis of displacements at the ends plus several intermediate points of the members. The dashed line represents the deflected shape of the structure.Example Problem 13 Example Problem No. 113 . 13 Calculation of displacements at intermediate points of members of a plane frame is demonstrated in this example.

4 6 0. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR SECTION DISPLACEMENT Every input has to start with the word STAAD. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 .Application Examples 114 Example Problem 13 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 3 3 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. The word ST stands for standard single section. UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 .5 . UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used. . 4. MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 3 TABLE ST UC203X203X46 2 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 Member properties are specified from the British steel table. Since this is a plane structure. Semicolon signs (.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided after the length unit is changed from METER to MMS. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. 2 2 3 .5 .) are used as line separators which allows us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. 2 0. the Z coordinates need not be provided. Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above.Part I . 3 6 4.

UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE + WIND Load case 1 is initiated followed by an optional title.0 Load 1 contains a joint load of 25KN at node 2. MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -45. PRINT MEMBER FORCES The above PRINT command is self-explanatory. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. JOINT LOAD 2 FX 25.Example Problem 13 SUPPORT 1 FIXED . * * FOLLOWING PRINT COMMAND WILL PRINT * DISPLACEMENTS OF THE MEMBERS * CONSIDERING EVERY TWELFTH INTERMEDIATE * POINT (THAT IS TOTAL OF 13 POINTS). 115 . 4 PINNED A fixed support is specified at Joint 1 and a pinned support at Joint 4. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. THESE * DISPLACEMENTS ARE MEASURED IN GLOBAL X * Y Z COORDINATE SYSTEM AND THE VALUES * ARE FROM ORIGINAL COORDINATES (UNDEFLECTED * POSITION) OF CORRESPONDING TWELFTH * POINTS.0 Load 1 contains a member load also.

FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. THIS VALUE IS * MEASURED FROM ABOVE LOCATION TO THE * STRAIGHT LINE JOINING START AND END * JOINTS OF THE DEFLECTED MEMBER.Part I . * THE LOCATION OF MAXIMUM INTERMEDIATE * DISPLACEMENT IS DETERMINED.Application Examples 116 Example Problem 13 * * MAX LOCAL DISPLACEMENT IS ALSO PRINTED. * PRINT SECTION DISPLACEMENT Above PRINT command is explained in the comment lines above. .

66 0.00 105.00 0. 7.5 .00 0.00 0.84 148. Intl. 17.00 0. 2 0.03 3 1 3 4 148.66 -1. * * * * * * FOLLOWING PRINT COMMAND WILL PRINT DISPLACEMENTS OF THE MEMBERS CONSIDERING EVERY TWELFTH INTERMEDIATE POINT (THAT IS TOTAL OF 13 POINTS).5 . 5.00 0.34 121.0 MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -45.00 0.16 0. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR SECTION DISPLACEMENT UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 11.08 -105. 12. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 7 23.08 2 1 2 3 23. 28.34 -23.00 0.34 -23. 8.00 0. 4 PINNED UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE + WIND JOINT LOAD 2 FX 25.00 0. 4. 16. 3 3 4 MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 3 TABLE ST UC203X203X46 2 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210. 20.00 0. 22.00 0. 4. 3. 3 6 4.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 19. 4 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 . THESE DISPLACEMENTS ARE MEASURED IN GLOBAL X 117 .KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 121.03 0.16 23.55 -26. 2 2 3 .00 0. 18.Example Problem 13 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.84 -121.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS 6 0.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 FIXED . P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 2.34 0.00 0. 21.00 26. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.16 -148.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24. 9. 26.00 33. 10. 27. 15. 29.00 0.84 1. 13. 14. 6. 25. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.

37.0000 300.2842 DISP = 0.2842 3.0000 0.6264 -2.Application Examples 118 Example Problem 13 30. * * MAX LOCAL DISPLACEMENT IS ALSO PRINTED. 33.0000 0. THIS VALUE IS * MEASURED FROM ABOVE LOCATION TO THE * STRAIGHT LINE JOINING START AND END * JOINTS OF THE DEFLECTED MEMBER. 38.5784 LOAD L/DISP= -0.9446 -2. * PRINT SECTION DISPLACEMENT MEMBER SECTION DISPLACEMENTS ---------------------------UNIT =INCHES FOR FPS AND CM FOR METRICS/SI SYSTEM MEMB LOAD 1 1 MAX LOCAL 2 1 MAX LOCAL 3 1 MAX LOCAL GLOBAL X.2733 3.0000 0.0111 -0.0000 0.0090 0.0135 -0.0000 225.0185 -0.0000 0.6669 3.0213 2.7367 -1.3527 -2.0000 0.0148 -0.0000 0.0000 0. 40.0405 -0.0225 -0.0451 -0. * THE LOCATION OF MAXIMUM INTERMEDIATE * DISPLACEMENT IS DETERMINED. 35.50 0.1440 0.0000 0.1563 1.0982 0.0000 572 0.00 0.0000 0.0541 2.0000 0.1513 -0.5494 3.6659 3.3120 3.0445 AT -0.0360 -0. 39.2188 0.0000 0.Z DISPL FROM START TO END JOINTS AT 1/12TH PTS 0. 41.7006 -0.0037 -0. 31.8855 2.3302 2.3858 0.1853 1.0000 0.1593 -1.0000 0.0000 0.0541 -0.57707 3.2712 DISP = AT -0.0000 0.0000 0.Y.2766 3.0180 -0.0000 0.0315 -0.Part I .0000 0.0297 -0.0000 0.0000 -0. 34.0000 0.5847 -2.7785 LOAD -0.0000 0.0000 0.2744 3.2777 3.42206 AT 0.0496 -0.5983 1.0250 0.0270 -0.0000 316 . 42.5000 2.2712 3.2787 3.0260 -0.0000 0.2809 3.0000 0.8555 1.0074 -0.0000 187.0000 0.78661 3.0000 0. * Y Z COORDINATE SYSTEM AND THE VALUES * ARE FROM ORIGINAL COORDINATES (UNDEFLECTED * POSITION) OF CORRESPONDING TWELFTH * POINTS. 36.4789 -1. 32.0408 1 3.0000 0.0000 0.0000 232 0.5396 3.0000 DISP = 0.2831 3.0445 -1.0371 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0222 -0.2798 3.2722 LOAD 1 3.3906 -2.0334 -0.0000 1.00 0.0000 0.6354 1.2820 3.6839 0.5758 L/DISP= -0.2755 3.0045 1 ************ END OF SECT DISPL RESULTS *********** L/DISP= 0.0000 0.0000 0.

co.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.co.com * * * * North America support@bentley.com * * Europe support@bentley.co.Example Problem 13 43.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * Asia support@bentley.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * ************************************************************ 119 .no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.Pro.

Part I .Application Examples 120 Example Problem 13 NOTES .

The seismic loads are generated using the procedures of the 1994 UBC Code. 49 50 53 51 54 57 62 60 63 33 64 34 37 35 38 44 47 48 18 17 19 22 20 23 26 25 24 27 30 29 40 43 46 21 36 39 42 41 45 56 59 58 61 52 55 28 31 32 Y Z 1 X 2 5 9 13 3 6 10 14 4 7 8 11 15 12 16 121 .Example Problem 14 Example Problem No. A P-Delta analysis is peformed to obtain the secondary effects of the lateral and vertical loads acting simultaneously. 14 A space frame is analyzed for seismic loads.

The REPEAT ALL command will then repeat 3 times. Y and Z coordinates of the joints are specified here. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame. MEMBER INCIDENCES * beams in x direction 101 17 18 103 104 21 22 106 107 25 26 109 110 29 30 112 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * beams in z direction 201 17 21 204 205 21 25 208 209 25 29 212 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * columns 301 1 17 348 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. coordinates of joints 1 through 4 are generated by taking advantage of the fact that they are equally spaced. this pattern is REPEATed 3 times with a Z increment of 3.Part I . the REPEAT ALL command command is used to repeat the pattern and generate incidences for members 113 through 136. A similar logic is used in specification of incidences of members 201 .Application Examples 122 Example Problem 14 STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR UBC LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD. First. the pattern of joints 1 to 16 to generate joints 17 to 64.5 REPEAT ALL 3 0 3.5 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 3. Following the specification of incidences for members 101 to 112. Then.5 m for each repetition to generate joints 5 to 16.5 0 The X. UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 10.

DEFINE UBC LOAD ZONE 0. 123 . the default built-in values are used.5 There are two stages in the command specification of the UBC loads. CONSTANT E STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 E CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 POISSON STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 In the specification of material constants. The first stage is initiated with the command DEFINE UBC LOAD.5 CT 0. Importance factor.2 I 1. MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 PRIS YD 0. SUPPORT 1 TO 16 FIXED Indicates the joints where the supports are located as well as the type of support restraints. Finally.0 RWX 9 RWZ 9 S 1.032 SELFWEIGHT JOINT WEIGHT 17 TO 48 WEIGHT 7.0 49 TO 64 WEIGHT 3.40 ZD 0.Example Problem 14 through 212 and generation of incidences for members 213 to 236. members incidences of columns 301 to 348 are specified. The user may see these values with the help of the command PRINT MATERIAL PROPERTIES following the above commands. site coefficient for soil characteristics etc.30 301 TO 348 TA ST UB457X152X52 The beam members have prismatic member property specification (YD & ZD) while the columns (members 301 to 348) have their properties called from the built-in BRITISH steel table. and. Here we specify parameters such as Zone factor.

Since we will be doing second-order (PDELTA) analysis. Along with the UBC load.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -7. The vertical loads may be specified in the form of selfweight. .0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY –7. In other words.0 49 TO 64 FY –3. Vertical loads too are part of this case.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1.5 In load case 2. it is important that we include horizontal and vertical loads in the same load case. PRINT LOAD DATA is used to obtain a report of all the applied and generated loadings.Application Examples 124 Example Problem 14 the vertical loads (weights) from which the base shear will be calculated. LOAD 2 UBC LOAD Z 0. deadweight is also added to the same load case.Part I .5 This is the second stage in which the UBC load is applied with the help of a load case number. LOAD 1 UBC LOAD X 0. joint weights and/or member weights. corresponding direction (X in the above case) and a factor by which the generated horizontal loads should be multiplied. the structure is not analysed for these vertical loads. It is important to note that these vertical loads are used purely in the determination of the horizontal base shear only. PDELTA ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA We are requesting a second-order analysis by specifying the command PDELTA ANALYSIS. Member weights are not shown in this example.0 49 TO 64 FY -3. the UBC load is being applied in the Z direction.

125 .Example Problem 14 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS FINISH The above commands are self-explanatory.

27. 33.5 REPEAT ALL 3 0 3. 49. STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR UBC LOAD UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 10. 51. 24. 32. 26. 31.5 LOAD 2 UBC LOAD Z 0. 48. 47.5 PDELTA ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 64/ 120/ 16 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.5 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 3.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -7. 44. 39. 11. 17.0 RWX 9 RWZ 9 S 1. 19. 10.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 288 .5 CT 0. 29. 21.5 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES * BEAMS IN X DIRECTION 101 17 18 103 104 21 22 106 107 25 26 109 110 29 30 112 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION 201 17 21 204 205 21 25 208 209 25 29 212 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * COLUMNS 301 1 17 348 MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 PRIS YD 0. 8. 30.40 ZD 0. 50. 7. 36. 46. 23. 5. 40. 34. 14. 22.30 301 TO 348 TA ST UB457X152X52 CONSTANT E STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 E CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 POISSON STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 SUPPORT 1 TO 16 FIXED DEFINE UBC LOAD ZONE 0.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 13. 41. 28.Part I .0 49 TO 64 FY -3. 43. Intl. 2.0 49 TO 64 WEIGHT 3. 6. 35.2 I 1. 20. 15. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 42.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 16. 37. 12.Application Examples 126 Example Problem 14 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -7. 38.032 SELFWEIGHT JOINT WEIGHT 17 TO 48 WEIGHT 7.0 49 TO 64 FY -3. 9. 25.5 LOAD 1 UBC LOAD X 0. 18. 4. 45. 3.

00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 -7.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = JOINT LOAD .00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 -7.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 14 LOADING 1 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 127 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.UNIT KNS 798.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -3.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.454 KNS METE JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 0.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 * * C = 2.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 128 Example Problem 14 LOADING 2 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.750 * * UBC TYPE = 94 * * UBC FACTOR V = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.91 KNS * * * *********************************************************** .00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 0.00 0.50 -3.00 -7.285 Tuser = 0.00 **WARNING: IF THIS UBC/IBC ANALYSIS HAS TENSION/COMPRESSION OR REPEAT LOAD OR RE-ANALYSIS OR SELECT OPTIMIZE.00 0.00 -7.50 -3.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0611 x 1078.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.455 Tb = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = JOINT LOAD .00 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. LOAD FACTOR = 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 -7.UNIT KNS 798.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0. *********************************************************** * * * X DIRECTION : Ta = 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -3.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.7500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.50 -3.00 0.50 -3.00 0.46 = 65.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7. THEN EACH UBC/IBC CASE SHOULD BE FOLLOWED BY PERFORM ANALYSIS & CHANGE.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.454 KNS METE JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.

000 0.386 1.743 1.000 0.46 = 65.568 0.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 10.000 METE FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.373 1.568 0.000 0.568 0.386 1.386 1.135 1.750 0.449 ----------TOTAL = 9.449 0.000 0.743 1.0611 x 1078.000 0.500 METE FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.687 0.000 0.135 1.898 1.687 0.000 0.000 0.030 1.386 1.000 AT LEVEL 3.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.135 1.000 0.000 0.000 0.135 0.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 7.898 1.000 0.135 1.000 0.455 Tb = 1.030 1.000 0.449 0.Example Problem 14 *********************************************************** * * * Z DIRECTION : Ta = 0.568 0.166 MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY TORSIONAL LOAD MOMENT (KNS -METE) FACTOR --------- 1 0.181 129 .386 1.743 1.000 * * C = 2.7500.386 1.000 0.000 0.898 ----------TOTAL = 18.568 0.135 1.000 0.030 ----------TOTAL = 22.000 0.687 0.103 Tuser = 0.000 0.000 0.083 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0. LOAD FACTOR = 0.449 0.000 0.750 * * UBC TYPE = 94 * * UBC FACTOR V = 0.373 1.687 0.135 0.500 METE 1.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.030 1.135 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 ----------0.000 0.000 ----------0.386 1.568 0.568 0.000 ----------0.568 0.000 0.373 1.898 1.000 0.373 1.386 1.91 KNS * * * *********************************************************** JOINT LATERAL LOAD (KNS ) ------- ----17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX 0.743 1.

000 0.000 0.000 0.449 0.000 0.898 1.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 3.000 0.000 0.373 1.743 1.000 AT LEVEL 10.386 1.000 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS .000 0.135 0.750 0.743 1.030 1.687 0.000 0.449 0.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 7.083 0.386 1.386 1.000 0.135 1.386 1.687 0.568 0.386 1.135 0.568 0.386 1.000 ----------0.000 0.000 0.135 1.135 1.386 1.030 1.898 1.568 0.000 0.568 0.568 0.386 1.568 0.000 0.000 0.000 ----------0.568 0.687 0.030 1.373 1.135 1.000 METE FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.030 ----------TOTAL = 22.000 0.000 0.166 MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY TORSIONAL LOAD MOMENT (KNS -METE) FACTOR --------- 2 0.181 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 52.743 1.000 0.000 0.000 0.898 1.000 0.000 0.000 0.449 0.000 0.000 0.000 ----------0.000 0.135 1.000 0.568 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.373 1.Application Examples 130 Example Problem 14 JOINT LATERAL LOAD (KNS ) ------- ----17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ 0.000 0.Part I .000 0.500 METE FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.743 1.449 ----------TOTAL = 9.000 0.000 0.373 1.000 0.000 0.687 0.898 ----------TOTAL = 18.000 0.500 METE 1.000 0.135 0.

01 -5.36 59.73 0.00 0.00 0.45 -3.45 -3.06 -3.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.06 0.94 0.79 57.14 0.12 64.62 0.22 0.40 0.08 -0.00 0.31 0.76 73.01 -5.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.07 -5.29 0.60 76.11 -0.01 -5.01 -5.22 0.60 83.18 88.00 0.01 -5.53 -0.53 -0.01 -5.01 -3.62 0.00 0.95 80.43 62.55 56.75 -0.00 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.35 56.00 0.01 -3.Example Problem 14 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 -2.36 41.02 7.00 0.01 -3.96 -0.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.76 -0.43 65.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.03 -0.45 -2.00 0.83 -0.11 -0.18 80.45 -3.00 0.01 -3.00 0.02 6.00 5.01 -3.11 0.79 64.75 -0.02 -0.45 -2.12 -0.35 73.01 -3.01 -3.80 -0.80 0.00 0.07 -5. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.co.45 -2.52 76.02 6.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.01 -3.49 7.45 43.42 -0.49 5.00 0.06 65.com * * Asia support@bentley.01 -5.00 0.52 83.21 -0.00 0.12 57.49 7.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.06 -3.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.76 -0.06 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.26 -0.06 -3.co.21 -0.com * ************************************************************ 131 .49 7.90 85.00 0.90 43.07 -5.49 5.02 -0.49 7.83 -0.82 0.01 -3.45 -3.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.08 -0.00 0.07 -5.06 0.94 0.12 41.75 -0.96 -0.00 0.02 7.11 -0.14 0.06 -3.81 0.02 7.12 59.95 88.01 -3.55 73.07 -5.02 7.82 -0.81 0.61 0.06 -3.06 -3.95 73.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.51 0.49 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 53.01 -3.00 0.00 0.75 0.03 0.07 -5.95 65.01 -3.00 0.31 0.00 0.01 -3.01 -3.40 0.00 0.06 -3.49 5.00 0.06 -3.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.61 -0.12 -0.00 0.42 -0.14 -0.00 0.00 0.14 -0.51 0.07 -5.01 -3.11 0.Pro.01 -5.01 -3.73 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.00 0.00 0.02 6.76 65.co.29 0.11 0.02 6.07 -5.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.26 -0.81 62.81 85.

Part I .Application Examples 132 Example Problem 14 NOTES .

17 18 22 32 19 23 34 20 21 24 33 35 22 23 25 24 26 11 10 9 12 13 14 16 15 10 17 9 27 12 13 19 28 15 20 14 11 18 29 31 30 16 21 3 2 1 4 Y 5 6 7 1 Z 4 6 8 2 X 5 7 8 3 133 . 15 A space frame is analyzed for loads generated using the built-in wind and floor load generation facilities.Example Problem 15 Example Problem No.

28 12 14 . JOINT COORDINATES 1000 2400 3900 4004 5404 6008 7408 8908 REPEAT ALL 2 0 3. 36 19 24 . 31 11 16 32 17 20 .Application Examples 134 Example Problem 15 STAAD SPACE . UNIT METER KNS The UNIT specification is used to specify the length and/or force units to be used. 35 21 23 .WIND AND FLOOR LOAD GENERATION This is a SPACE frame analysis problem. 34 18 21 . 29 10 13 .5 m. Every STAAD input has to start with the command STAAD. 30 13 15 . Y and Z coordinates of the JOINTs. Note that the REPEAT ALL command has been used to generate JOINTs for the two upper storeys each with a Y increment of 3. The SPACE specification is used to denote a SPACE frame. MEMBER INCIDENCES * Columns 1 1 9 16 * Beams in the X direction 17 9 10 18 19 12 13 20 14 15 21 22 17 18 23 24 20 21 25 22 23 26 * Beams in the Z direction 27 9 12 .Part I .5 0 The JOINT COORDINATE specification is used to specify the X. 33 20 22 .

the engineer is confronted with the task of first converting an abstract quantity like wind velocity or wind pressure into concentrated loads at joints.0 8. In this case. SUPPORT 1 TO 8 FIXED BUT MX MZ The SUPPORTs of the structure are defined through the SUPPORT specification.Example Problem 15 The MEMBER INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying MEMBER connectivities.0 EXPOSURE 0.5 HEIGHT 3. Three different sections have been used. This utility takes wind pressure at various heights as the input. the built-in default values have been used. or pressure loads on plates.0 EXPOSURE 0. MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 16 TA ST UB457X191X74 17 TO 26 TA ST UB457X152X52 27 TO 36 TA ST UB457X152X52 Properties for all members are specified from the built-in BRITISH steel table.90 YRANGE 6. distributed loads on members.85 JOINT 9 12 14 When a structure has to be analysed for wind loading. CONSTANT E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT specification is used to specify material properties.0 1. DEFINE WIND LOAD TYPE 1 INTENSITY 1. Here all the supports are FIXED with RELEASES specified in the MX (rotation about global X-axis) and MZ (rotation about global Z-axis) directions. The large number of calculations involved in this conversion can be avoided by making use of STAAD’s wind load generation utility. and converts them to values that can then be used as 135 .5 7.

The basic parameters of the WIND loading are specified here.0 KN/sq.5 In load case 2 in this problem.5 KN/sq.2 TYPE 1 This is the second stage of input specification for the wind load generation.0m. The input specification is done in two stages. two different wind intensities (1. WIND loading TYPE 1. The EXPOSURE specification is used to mitigate or magnify the effect at specific nodes due to special considerations like openings in the structure.0 4. defined previously. The first EXPOSURE specification specifies the exposure factor as 0. m and 1.0 8. two different exposure factors are specified. LOAD 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION WIND LOAD X 1. In this case. All values need to be provided in the current UNIT system.6 FLOAD –2.4 3. the joints may be specified directly or through a vertical range specification. The first stage is initiated above through the DEFINE WIND LOAD command.85 for joints 9. In this example. m) are specified for two different height zones (0 to 3.0m).4 3.1 FLOAD –2.0m – 8.Application Examples 136 Example Problem 15 concentrated forces known as joint loads in specific load cases. LOAD 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 3.Part I .0 ZRANGE 0.0 YRANGE 6. a floor load generation is performed. a pressure load (force per unit area) is converted by the program into specific points forces .2 . is being applied in the global X-direction with a positive multiplication factor of 1. The term WIND LOAD and the direction term that follows are used to specify the WIND LOADING in a particular lateral direction.5 XRANGE 4.0 9.9 7. In this case.5 to 7.0 ZRANGE 0. In a floor load generation. In the EXPOSURE factor specification.0 8.0 YRANGE 3. Each wind category is identified with a TYPE number (an identification mark) which is used later to specify load cases. 12 and 14.5M AND 7M FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 3.6 FLOAD –5. The second EXPOSURE specification specifies the exposure factor as 0.9 for all joints within the height range (defined as global Y-range) of 6.5m and 3.0 XRANGE 0.

4 – 3. in the first line in the above FLOOR LOAD specification. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION FINISH Above commands are self-explanatory.8. the region is defined as being located within the bounds YRANGE of 3. 137 .0 .m. The FLOAD specification is used to specify the value of that pressure.4. All values need to be provided in the current UNIT system.0 KN/sq.Example Problem 15 and distributed forces on the members located in that region. For example.0 m. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA We can view the values and position of the generated loads with the help of the PRINT LOAD DATA command used above along with the PERFORM ANALYSIS command.0 m and ZRANGE of 0. The –5. XRANGE of 0. in the negative global Y direction. The YRANGE.6 m. The program will identify the members lying within the specified region and derive MEMBER LOADS on these members based on two-way load distribution.0 signifies that the pressure is 5. XRANGE and ZRANGE specifications are used to define the area of the structure on which the pressure is acting.0 .

4 3. 30. 29. 14. 41.Part I .0 ZRANGE 0. 3. 8. 38. 21. 39. 36. 7.4 Note 6. 27.90 YRANGE 6. 31.0 ZRANGE 0.0 4.0 EXPOSURE 0.4 3. 12. 45. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.5 7.Application Examples 138 Example Problem 15 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.5 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES * COLUMNS 1 1 9 16 * BEAMS IN THE X DIRECTION 17 9 10 18 19 12 13 20 14 15 21 22 17 18 23 24 20 21 25 22 23 26 * BEAMS IN THE Z DIRECTION 27 9 12 .0 **WARNING** about Floor/OneWay Loads/Weights. 25. YRANGE 3. 44. 32. 37.0 1. 35. 36 19 24 MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 16 TA ST UB457X191X74 17 TO 26 TA ST UB457X152X52 27 TO 36 TA ST UB457X152X52 CONSTANT E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 8 FIXED BUT MX MZ DEFINE WIND LOAD TYPE 1 INTENSITY 1.0 8. 16. 11.6 FLOAD -2. 23. 29 10 13 .85 JOINT 9 12 14 LOAD 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION WIND LOAD X 1.2 TYPE 1 LOAD 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 3. YRANGE 6. 28 12 14 .0 XRANGE 0.5 XRANGE 4. STAAD SPACE . 4.1 FLOAD -2.5M AND 7M FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 3. 9. 33 20 22 .0 8. 6. 46.5 48. For details please refer to Technical Reference Manual Section 5. 22. 20. 5.0 EXPOSURE 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.6 FLOAD -5. 15. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA . 24. 43.9 7. 26. 2.0 47. 40. 34. 18. 42. 10. 19. Please note that depending on the shape of the floor you may have to break up the FLOOR/ONEWAY LOAD into multiple commands.32. 35 21 23 . 34 18 21 . 28.0 9. Intl. 33.5 HEIGHT 3. 13. 31 11 16 32 17 20 . 30 13 15 .0 8. 17.WIND AND FLOOR LOAD GENERATION UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 2 4 0 0 3 9 0 0 4 0 0 4 5 4 0 4 6 0 0 8 7 4 0 8 8 9 0 8 REPEAT ALL 2 0 3.

00 0.00 0.12 3.00 0.63 0.20 8.1563 -0.5M AND 7M MEMBER LOAD .00 0.0312 -1.00 0.00 0.3438 -2.38 1.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.7812 -0.38 1.00 0.62 2.00 0.63 0.00 0.00 0.13 1.3438 -2.00 0.0938 -1.4062 -1.4688 -0.00 0.34 5.93 17.00 0.4688 -0.4688 -0.88 2. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 112 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION JOINT LOAD .63 LIN1 LIN2 139 .37 2.0312 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.00 0.38 1.93 5.61 3.7188 -1.83 0.1563 -0.00 0.UNIT KNS MEMBER 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 UDL L1 METE L2 CON -0.63 0.7812 -1.1563 -0.88 1.7188 -2.00 0.1563 -0.00 0.4062 -1.00 0.63 1.61 3.0312 -2.4688 -0.3438 -2.20 8.12 3.67 11.39 0.87 3.7812 -0.85 8.63 1.17 0.00 0.12 2.0938 -0.00 0.4062 -1.37 3.00 0.0938 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.12 2.Example Problem 15 P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 24/ 36/ 8 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = LOADING 1 ----------- 2.4688 -0.67 0.4062 -1.00 0.40 4.0938 -1.7188 -2.39 0.7188 -1.37 3.88 1.00 0.UNIT KNS METE JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 6 9 12 14 17 20 22 4.00 0.87 3.00 LOADING 2 ----------- FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.7812 -1.39 0.7812 -1.37 2.00 0.88 1.00 0.13 1.00 0.62 2.00 0.13 1.88 2.00 0.17 0.00 0.4062 -1.7188 -2.00 0.83 0.3438 -2.0312 -1.1563 -0.00 0.0312 -2.0938 -1.00 0.

61 3.87 LIN1 LIN2 .37 2.7188 -2.62 2.0312 -2.4062 -1.4688 -0.88 2.0938 -1.0938 -0.3438 -2.88 1.88 2.1563 -0.7188 -2.0938 -0.83 0.88 2.13 1.0312 -1.63 1.63 0.1563 -0.61 3.3438 -2.3438 -2.7812 -1.39 0.7188 -2.63 0.88 2.62 2.62 2.39 0.87 3.7812 -1.7188 -2.7812 -1.37 2.3438 -2.3438 -2.13 1.7188 -1.3438 -2.38 1.1563 -0.12 2.83 0.1563 -0.7812 -0.4062 -1.7188 -1.Application Examples 140 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .61 3.4062 -1.63 1.13 1.63 0.37 2.39 0.3438 -2.38 1.37 3.83 0.0938 -1.12 2.62 2.37 3.4688 -0.7812 -0.38 1.37 3.4688 -0.17 0.39 0.88 1.0938 -1.87 3.62 2.0312 -1.7188 -1.61 3.63 1.88 2.Part I .0312 -2.3438 -2.17 0.4688 -0.12 3.87 3.UNIT KNS MEMBER 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 UDL L1 METE L2 CON -2.0312 -1.0312 -2.4062 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 1.0938 -0.12 2.0938 -1.1563 -0.12 3.4688 -0.7188 -1.7812 -1.17 0.12 2.17 0.12 3.7812 -0.4688 -0.37 3.63 1.88 1.1563 -0.0938 -0.0312 -2.4688 -0.1563 -0.37 2.1563 -0.4688 -0.4062 -1.4062 -1.63 0.12 3.0312 -1.4062 -1.88 1.4062 -1.3438 -2.3438 -2.87 3.13 1.83 0.7188 -1.12 2.37 2.38 1.4062 -1.0312 -1.7812 -0.

41 1.12 3.1221 -0.72 2.50 L2 CON -1.61 3.88 2.65 2.5869 -1.3662 -0.5869 -1.37 2.7812 -0.3438 -2.1221 -0.79 1.63 0.37 3.96 3.62 2.7188 -2.0986 -1.04 2.3428 -1.59 3.21 4.49 0.59 3.8311 5.8311 -1.3428 -1.1563 -0.6104 -0.72 2.39 0.51 4.49 0.5869 -1.0938 -1.50 -1.35 2.6104 -0.4062 -1.6104 -0.0986 -0.10 1.3428 -1.8545 -1.0986 -1.88 1.5869 -1.12 2.0312 -2.63 1.79 0.8545 -0.21 0.8545 -0.28 6.8545 -1.51 4.3662 -0.83 0.0986 -0.79 1.37 3.72 2.2500 GY METE L1 2.17 0.21 4.8545 -0.96 3.1221 -0.13 1.35 2.79 LIN1 LIN2 141 .8311 -1.90 4.1221 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 3.10 1.3428 -1.3438 -2.8545 -1.83 0.1221 -0.5869 -1.41 1.1221 -0.8311 -1.04 2.96 6.3662 -0.0312 -1.3662 -0.4688 -0.UNIT KNS MEMBER 20 20 20 20 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 UDL -6.3428 -1.4062 -1.7812 -0.10 1.49 0.41 1.90 7.38 1.21 7.21 0.3428 -1.1563 -0.51 7.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .90 4.04 2.61 3.0938 -0.8311 -1.87 3.59 6.1563 -0.12 3.6104 -0.79 1.5869 -1.0938 -0.79 0.7812 -1.6104 -0.0986 -1.21 0.8311 -1.0986 -0.6104 -0.4688 -0.3662 -0.28 3.4688 -0.65 2.3662 -0.65 5.35 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 5.28 3.7188 -1.

63 1.41 1.21 3.5469 -0.17 0.8545 -0.1719 -1.0156 -1.37 2.0986 -1.7031 -0.61 3.2344 -0.3906 -0.12 2.87 3.0156 -0.0156 -0.39 0.39 0.6104 -0.65 1.0781 -0.2344 -0.37 2.5869 -1.61 3.63 0.63 0.2344 -0.63 LIN1 LIN2 .2344 -0.7031 -0.79 1.88 2.28 2.88 2.39 0.3428 -1.3662 -0.5469 -0.Application Examples 142 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .50 -0.5469 -0.13 1.5869 -1.83 0.7031 -0.38 1.37 3.17 0.5469 -0.88 1.88 1.87 3.96 2.0781 -0.35 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.8545 -1.7031 -0.37 3.12 3.49 0.12 3.0781 -0.00 -0.2500 GY -6.88 1.0156 -0.83 0.0781 -0.83 0.63 1.21 0.38 1.17 0.0986 -0.0781 -0.1221 1.8594 -1.1719 -1.5469 -0.1719 -1.3906 -0.8594 -1.3906 -0.7031 -0.3906 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 1.6104 -0.51 3.3906 -0.88 2.2344 -0.04 2.62 2.79 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.1719 -1.12 2.12 2.8594 -0.0156 -1.1719 -1.12 3.3906 -0.8311 4.62 2.72 2.00 2.8311 -1.1221 -0.63 1.0156 -1.17 0.10 1.87 3.2344 -0.63 0.50 L2 CON -1.3662 -0.62 2.8594 -1.0781 -0.0781 -0.90 3.Part I .39 0.3428 -1.8594 -0.2500 GY METE L1 0.61 3.13 1.37 2.7031 -0.8594 -0.1719 -1.59 2.13 1.UNIT KNS MEMBER 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 32 32 32 UDL -6.37 3.38 1.5469 -0.3906 -0.2344 -0.

37 2.63 1.83 0.51 7.21 4.2500 GY METE L1 2.90 4.79 0.8311 -1.1221 -0.1221 -0.35 2.8545 -1.51 4.5869 -1.61 3.3662 -0.65 2.59 3.5469 -0.6104 -0.88 2.8545 -1.0156 -0.1221 -0.21 0.04 2.49 0.8545 -1.7031 -0.90 3.8311 -1.50 -1.59 2.0986 -1.41 1.1719 -1.0986 -0.21 0.28 6.72 2.3662 -0.0986 -1.0986 -1.04 2.79 1.96 3.1221 -1.0986 -0.21 7.7031 -0.5869 -1.3428 -1.5869 -1.87 3.5869 -1.6104 -0.12 3.49 0.8545 -0.21 0.72 2.6104 -0.8311 -1.79 1.6104 -0.8545 -0.90 7.1719 -1.UNIT KNS MEMBER 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 UDL -6.37 3.3662 -0.21 3.49 0.8311 -1.38 1.51 LIN1 LIN2 143 .5869 -1.8311 5.90 4.3662 -0.0986 -0.79 1.1221 -0.3428 -1.3428 -1.65 5.8545 -0.0156 -1.88 1.8594 -0.5469 -0.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .59 3.2344 -0.72 2.13 1.59 6.1221 -0.51 4.5869 -1.96 6.0986 -0.8545 -0.65 2.04 2.62 2.3662 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.8311 -1.8311 -1.28 2.28 3.0781 -0.79 0.8594 -1.3906 -0.3662 -0.3428 -1.3428 -1.41 1.21 4.12 2.28 3.96 3.3428 -1.41 1.10 1.35 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 5.50 L2 CON -0.65 1.6104 -0.6104 -0.35 2.10 1.79 1.3662 -0.3428 -1.96 2.10 1.5869 -1.6104 -0.

63 0.79 1.49 0.10 1.0156 -0.83 0.37 3.2344 -0.63 0.00 2.88 2.3662 -0.12 3.5469 -0.6104 -0.1719 -1.3906 -0.5469 -0.0781 -0.63 1.17 0.8594 -0.3906 -0.1221 1.1719 -1.88 2.39 0.88 1.37 2.7031 -0.1719 -1.8594 -0.7031 -0.3906 -0.61 3.13 1.Application Examples 144 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .63 0.50 L2 CON -0.1719 -1.5469 -0.8594 -1.0156 L GY 3.12 2.13 1.1719 -1.0781 -0.Part I .00 -0.7031 -0.3906 -0.2344 -0.1719 -1.0156 -1.2344 -0.5469 -0.2344 -0.12 2.21 0.39 0.88 1.88 1.8594 -1.8594 -0.63 0.7031 -0.3906 -0.87 3.1221 -0.62 2.8545 -1.38 1.13 1.37 2.3906 -0.UNIT KNS MEMBER 35 35 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 UDL -6.37 2.3906 -0.04 2.7031 -0.88 2.5469 -0.83 0.17 0.63 1.2344 -0.2344 -0.39 0.0781 -0.17 0.62 2.50 -0.7031 -0.88 1.38 1.39 0.79 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.88 2.0781 -0.61 3.0156 -1.2500 GY METE L1 0.5869 -1.61 3.37 LIN1 LIN2 .17 0.0781 -0.63 1.5469 -0.12 3.1719 -1.2500 GY -6.62 2.87 3.63 1.37 3.3428 -1.38 1.87 3.0781 -0.72 2.0156 -1.0156 -1.83 0.8311 4.12 3.0156 -0.8594 -1.1719 -1.7031 -0.5469 -0.0156 -0.8594 -1.0986 -1.2344 -0.0781 -0.37 3.13 1.12 2.12 2.41 1.38 1.35 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.

00 0.00 0.16 0.30 -0.00 1.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.72 -12.15 -5.61 -9.61 3.00 0.54 1.00 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 0.26 0.3906 -0.68 -11.70 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.83 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 49.80 -6.00 0.00 0.Pro.60 52.00 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.30 -28.00 0.58 0.46 25.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.0781 L GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 LIN2 2.00 0.00 0.71 -11.37 3.00 0.95 49.14 66.87 3.60 52.70 -0.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 50.97 117.12 3.00 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 -9.00 0.70 3.8594 -0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.85 27.00 0.co. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.00 -1.95 49.00 0.01 -0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.62 2.00 0.00 0.75 7.00 0.05 -1.01 0.16 -0.80 -6.00 -0.00 0.01 -0.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.com * ************************************************************ 145 .00 0.75 7.46 25.00 0.00 0.co.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL L1 METE L2 33 33 33 33 33 33 CON -0.01 0.58 0.26 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.01 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.00 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.2344 -0.16 0.16 0.00 0.70 -0.01 0.15 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.5469 -0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.00 0.71 -20.01 -0.co.7031 -0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.com * * Europe support@bentley.

Application Examples 146 Example Problem 15 NOTES .Part I .

The structure is subjected to “forcing function” and “ground motion” loading. 16 Dynamic Analysis (Time History) is performed for a 3 span beam with concentrated and distributed masses. member end forces and support reactions are determined.Example Problem 16 Example Problem No. 147 . The maxima of joint displacements.

. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. CONSTANTS E 2850 ALL DENSITY 25E-6 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The material constants defined include Young's Modulus "E". MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 2 3 PRIS AX 100.0 0. Y and Z coordinates are specified above. and Moment of Inertia "IZ" about the Z axis are adequate for the analysis.0 IZ 833.0 240. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1123 Incidences of members 1 to 3 are specified above.0 360.0 0. Area of cross section "AX".0 Joint number followed by the X.0 3 0.0 2 0.0 0. UNITS CMS KNS Specifies the units to be used. SUPPORTS 1 4 PINNED Pinned supports are located at nodes 1 and 4.Application Examples 148 Example Problem 16 STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS Every input file has to start with the word STAAD.33 All the members have "PRISMATIC" property specification.0 0.0 4 0. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame. Since this is a PLANE frame. density and Poisson’s ratio.0 120.0 0.Part I .

Following this data.0 DAMPING 0.0 2. LOAD 2 TIME HISTORY LOAD SELFWEIGHT X 1. LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 2 3 UNI GX 500.0 2.0 –1.5 500.0 0.25 1.0 1. The masses that constitute the mass matrix of the structure are specified through the selfweight and joint load 149 . The loading type may be a forcing function (vibrating machinery) or ground motion (earthquake).075 There are 2 stages in the command specification required for a time history analysis. the damping ratio is the same (7.0 3.0 800.0 200. This involves the application of the time varying load on the structure. In this example.0 3.0 Load case 1 above is a static load.9 2.7 ARRIVAL TIMES 0. The first stage is defined above.5%) for all modes.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.0 TYPE 2 ACCELERATION 0.5 500.0 0.1 0.0 TIME LOAD 2 3 FX 1 1 GROUND MOTION X 2 1 This is the second stage in the command specification for time history analysis. The former is input in the form of time-force pairs while the latter is in the form of time-acceleration pairs. A uniformly distributed force of 500 Newton/m acts along the global X direction on all 3 members.0 –20.0 –0.5 –0.5 –0.5 100.5 –1.0 1.5 1.Example Problem 16 UNIT NEWTON METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE 0.0 –0. all possible arrival times for these loads on the structure as well as the modal damping ratio are specified.3 2.0 70. First the characteristics of the time varying load are provided.0 JOINT LOAD 2 3 FX 4000.

acting in the global X direction. the program calculates joint displacements for every time step. UNIT KNS METER PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The member forces and support reactions too are calculated for every time step. FINISH . is also in the global X direction at arrival time 1. namely.Application Examples 150 Example Problem 16 commands. The Ground motion. The program will extract the lumped masses from these weights. the maximum value of the member force and support reaction is extracted from these histories and reported in the output file using the above command. The Time load command is used to apply the Type 1 force. So. the Type 2 time history loading. at arrival time number 1. at nodes 2 and 3. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS During the analysis. For each degree of freedom. Following that. the value printed using the above command is the absolute maximum value for each of the six degrees of freedom at each node.Part I . The absolute maximum value of the displacement for every joint is then extracted from this joint displacement history. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command initiates the analysis process. The user must note that this example is only for illustration purposes and that it may be unlikely that a "TIME FUNCTION" and a "GROUND MOTION" both act on the structure at the same time. both the "TIME LOAD" and "GROUND MOTION" are applied simultaneously.

7.0 0.0 240.0 LOAD 2 TIME HISTORY LOAD SELFWEIGHT X 1. 18. 38. 13.0 200.Example Problem 16 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 22.5 1.0 1.0 70.0 3 0.0 JOINT LOAD 2 3 FX 4000. 4.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 3 MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 2 3 PRIS AX 100. Intl.0 800. 34. 20.0 -0. 9.0 4 0.0 3.0 -20.0 1.0 0.0 0. 3. 10. MODES REQUESTED = 6 EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 4 MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 4 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** 8 151 .0 0.0 0.5 500.5 -1.33 SUPPORTS 1 4 PINNED CONSTANTS E 2850 ALL DENSITY 25E-6 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL UNIT NEWTON METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 2. 6. 25.0 120. 12.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 33. 31. 37.25 1. 35. 36.0 0.0 -0.0 DAMPING 0.0 2 0.5 -0. 17. 26.5 100. 16. 24. 23.0 IZ 833.0 TIME LOAD 2 3 FX 1 1 GROUND MOTION X 2 1 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL MORE MODES NUMBER OF NUMBER OF NUMBER OF PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 32.9 2. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS UNITS CMS KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 29.5 500.0 3.0 TYPE 2 ACCELERATION 0. 8. 14. 27.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.075 LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 2 3 UNI GX 500.0 -1. 30.3 2. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = WERE REQUESTED THAN THERE ARE FREE MASSES.1 0. 19.0 0.0 360.0 2.0 2. 21. 11. 28.7 ARRIVAL TIMES 0.5 -0. 15. 5.

0000 0.0750 0.00 0.0084 -0.000000E+00 0.000 0.000000 39.0000 0.00 A C T U A L MODAL MODE DAMPING 1 2 3 4 0.0000 0.08365 0.000 0.0000 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0.054167 Y= 0.087 11.000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0084 .4002 0.0042 0.0000 0.0000 X-ROTAN 0.8420 0.00100.0000 0. UNIT KNS METER 41.00 0.0000 0.000 100.0000 0.0 DUE TO THE DT VALUE ENTERED.000 100.999 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 2159 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.0000 0.0000 0.000 D A M P I N G USED IN ANALYSIS TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.0041 -0.00 100.000 0.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 2 WARNING-NUMBER OF MODES LIMITED TO A FREQUENCY OF 360.0000 0.00 0.777266E+03 2.0000 0.000 100.000000 Z= 0.0000 0.0020 0.4002 0.Application Examples 152 Example Problem 16 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 1 2 3 4 PARTICIPATION FACTORS 2 PERIOD(SEC) 3.0000 0.000 100.0000 0.955 443.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.000000E+00 0.0000 0.0000 0. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 LOAD 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 X-TRANS 0.00 0.00226 0.0042 0.00130 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 X Y 100.0000 0.0041 0.0000 0.NEWT METE MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= -2.0000 0.00 0.0000 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 40.8420 0.0000 Y-ROTAN 0.457 768.0750 Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.0750 0.0000 0. TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 2.Part I .0750 0.0020 -0.0000 0.000 0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES Z-ROTAN -0.000 100.000 0.0000 0.32397 0.090 0.0000 0.00 0.

67 0.00 0.72 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.90 -0.00 0.Example Problem 16 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.co.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.90 -1.com * ************************************************************ 153 .00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.67 2 3 2 3 0.00 -0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.co.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 4 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 -0.00 0.00 2 2 1 2 3 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 42.00 0.39 1.39 -0.00 0.90 -1.00 0.00 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.com * * Asia support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.72 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.30 1.00 0.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.90 -1.00 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.Pro.00 0.72 0.30 0.00 0.67 1. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.00 0.39 0.30 0.00 0.00 0.39 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.00 0.67 3 4 3 4 0.39 -1.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 43.00 0.00 0.72 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.39 0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.30 0.00 0.00 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.

Application Examples 154 Example Problem 16 NOTES .Part I .

155 . User provided tables allow one to specify property data for sections not found in the built-in steel section tables. 17 The usage of User Provided Steel Tables is illustrated in this example for the analysis and design of a plane frame.Example Problem 17 Example Problem No.

0.75 10. 8 9 10. UNIT METER KNS The UNIT command sets the length and force units to be used. This allows the user to provide multiple sets of data on one line.Part I . 22 10 11 . 20 7 9 21 9 11 .5 . 15 6.5 . 16 4.5 11.4 . In the above input. 10 6. 23 8 10 The above data set contains the member incidence information or the joint connectivity data for each member. MEMBER INCIDENCES 113.3. 19 10 13 . The data consists of the joint number followed by global X and Y coordinates.5 11 4. 17 11 15 18 10 15 .2 The above set of data is used to provide joint coordinates for the various joints of the structure.5 .0 12. .0 12. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR USER TABLE Every input file has to start with the command STAAD. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. . 13 7.468.5 10. 3 0 6 0 6 9 6 0 7 0 10. 12 1. 16 11 14 .4 14 3.) signs are used as line separators. 8 7 12 .5 11. 9 2. semicolon (. 9 12 14 10 14 16 .5 13. The PLANE command is used to designate the structure as a plane frame. 2 9 0 . Note that for a space frame.3 . 11 15 16 . 12 13 15 . 15 9 14 .534 6 4 5 .5 .25 10.Application Examples 156 Example Problem 17 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 7 5 6 . This completes the geometry of the structure. 13 8 13 14 9 12 .326. the Z coordinate(s) need to be provided also.237. The cartesian system is being used here.

4 0. depth. 1. all required properties for the particular section-type must be provided. in this case.8 BEAM350 64. 157 . for wide flanges. CHANNEL.2 0. TABLE 1 Each table needs an unique numerical identification. the section-name is provided.3 21.5 The above data set is used to specify the properties of three wide flange sections.2 25. BEAM250 32. The second line contains the section properties required for the particular section-type. The user is allowed to provide any section name within twelve characters.0 35.4 BEAM300 47. ten different properties are required.6 10.4 1.6 35.7 15. The data for each section consists of two parts. TEE etc.9 23.19 in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual.85 3400 150 6. moment of inertias etc. All user provided steel tables must start with this command.Example Problem 17 START USER TABLE This command is utilized to set up a User Provided steel table.2 1.6 0. Each section-type requires a certain number of data (area of cross-section.5 30. For example.5 0. In the first line. are available for specification (See section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual). Without exception. For detailed information on the various properties required for the different section-types and their order of specification.15 14150 970 22. ANGLE. UNIT CM WIDE FLANGE This command is used to specify the section-type as WIDE FLANGE in this table. Note that several section-types such as WIDE FLANGE. The above command starts setting up Table no.73 17.2 15.8 26.72 12.) provided in a certain order. refer to section 5.07 7160 335 14. Upto twenty tables may be specified per run.

0 5.0 3. .0 0.5 0.78 1.5 0. 5 6 7 UPT 1 BEAM250 8 TO 13 UPT 1 BEAM250 14 TO 19 UPT 2 L30305 20 TO 23 UPT 2 L40405 In the above command lines.0 0.5 0.0 L40405 4.0 0.33 1.Application Examples 158 Example Problem 17 TABLE 2 UNIT CM ANGLES L30305 3.98 1.Part I . The numbers 1 or 2 following the word UPT indicate the table from which section names are fetched. MEMBER TRUSS 14 TO 23 The above command is used to designate members 14 to 23 as truss members. The word UPT signifies that the properties are from the user provided table. This is followed by the table number and then the section name as specified in the user provided table. the member properties are being assigned from the user provided tables created earlier. MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 3 4 UPT 1 BEAM350 2 UPT 1 BEAM300 .33 L50505 5.67 The above command and data lines set up another user provided table consisting of angle sections. END This command signifies the end of the user provided table data set.58 1. All user provided table related input must be terminated with this command.0 1.67 1.0 4.

11 FY -155. SUPPORT 1 FIXED . LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1. and length unit to METER using this command.5 The above command set is used to specify the loadings on the structure. density. and distributed loads on some members. It consists of selfweight.5 . 159 . Poisson’s ratio and beta angle values.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -65.0 MEMB 3 4 The above command set is used to specify modulus of elasticity. joint 1 is designated as a fixed support and joint 2 is designated as a pinned support. dead and live loads are provided through load case 1. 2 PINNED The above command set is used to designate supports. CONSTANTS E STEEL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. Here. concentrated loads at joints 4. 5. 5 and 11.Example Problem 17 MEMBER RELEASE 5 START MZ The MEMBER RELEASE command is used to release the MZ moment at the start joint of member no. Built-in default value of steel is used for the material constants. In this case. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y –13. . 6 UNI GY –17. UNIT KNS METER The force unit is reset to KNS.

CHECK CODE MEMBER 3 19 SELECT MEMBER 20 This command will perform a code check on members 3 and 19 per the BRITISH steel design code.Part I . the selection will be from the respective user tables from which the properties were initially assigned.2 MEMB 3 4 The above commands are used to specify parameters for steel design. In this case. FINISH This command terminates a STAAD run. the member selection will be performed from the table that was originally used for the specification of the member property.85 ALL KY 1. For each member. A member selection too is performed for member 20. It may be noted that properties may be provided (and selection may be performed) from built-in steel tables and user provided tables in the same data file.Application Examples 160 Example Problem 17 PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to execute the analysis at this point.0 ALL NSF 0. PARAMETER CODE BRITISH BEAM 1. .

4. 3 0 6 0 6 9 6 0 7 0 10.5 0.8 BEAM350 64.5 0. 15 6.3 . 2 3 7 .75 10. 27.4 0.98 1. 8 7 12 . 13 7. 11 FY -155. 57. 45.2 0. 17.5 . 25.5 . 6 UNI GY -17. 3 2 6 .0 4.5 .33 L50505 5.5 . 21.2 15. 20.0 5. 42. 4 6 8 . 54.25 10. 36. 58. 8. 38.72 12.5 10. 10.9 23.0 0. 37. 17 11 15 18 10 15 . 26.0 1. 12 1.0 L40405 4. 16. 5 6 7 UPT 1 BEAM250 8 TO 13 UPT 1 BEAM250 14 TO 19 UPT 2 L30305 20 TO 23 UPT 2 L40405 MEMBER TRUSS 14 TO 23 MEMBER RELEASE 5 START MZ CONSTANTS E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. 22 10 11 .5 0. 52. 13. 2. 46. 22. 30. 9 2. 48. 34. 12. 39. 11. 9. 18.6 10. 15.67 END MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 3 4 UPT 1 BEAM350 2 UPT 1 BEAM300 . 16 11 14 .7 15. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR USER TABLE UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 16 4.78 1. 51.5 . 14. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. Intl. .Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 15 9 14 .58 1.07 7160 335 14.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -65. 41.0 0.15 14150 970 22.3 21. 12 13 15 . 53. 13 8 13 14 9 12 .3. 8 9 10. 5 3 4 6 4 5 . 9 12 14 10 14 16 . 11 15 16 .6 35. 19 10 13 .4 1.0 3.2 1. 7 5 6 .2 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 . 47. 20 7 9 21 9 11 . 43. 23 8 10 START USER TABLE TABLE 1 UNIT CM WIDE FLANGE BEAM250 32. 33.0 0. 2 9 0 .0 12.4 14 3. 3.4 .33 1. 50. 10 6. 44. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -13. 49. 56. 35.67 1.5 11.Example Problem 17 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. . 0.2 25. 55.5 TABLE 2 UNIT CM ANGLES L30305 3. 5. 7. 31.5 0.8 26. 32.5 13.0 35.73 17.0 12.6 0. 6.5 161 . 28. 2 PINNED LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 40. 29.5 30.4 BEAM300 47. 24.85 3400 150 6. 19. 23.5 11 4.5 11.0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT KNS METER SUPPORT 1 FIXED .

62.NO.472 0.00 . 28 60. 22 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED. 61.69 C FAIL 18.NO. 65.Part I . PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 23/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.3. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.8.NO. PARAMETER CODE BRITISH BEAM 1.19 C BS-4. 63.KNS METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= * * 3 ST BEAM350 19 ST L30305 FAIL 246.00 2.Pro CODE CHECKING . 25 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN. 64.00 ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 66. SELECT MEMBER 20 1 1 0.00 1.654 0.0 ALL NSF 0.86 BS-4. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN.Application Examples 162 Example Problem 17 59.3.(BSI ) *********************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .2 MEMB 3 4 CHECK CODE MEMBER 3 19 STAAD.1 52. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 43 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.7 (C) 0.85 ALL KY 1.

UPDATE PROPERTIES.com * * Europe support@bentley.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.Pro MEMBER SELECTION . **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.KNS MEMBER METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 20 ST L30305 PASS 62.00 ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 67. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co.Example Problem 17 STAAD.00 0.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE . IN THE POST PROCESSOR.(BSI ) ************************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.com * * * * North America support@bentley.6 (T) 0. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS.co.38 T BS-4.Pro.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY. PRESS RESULTS.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.00 1 0. THEN FILE SAVE. FROM THE UPPER MENU. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.970 0.com * ************************************************************ 163 .com * * Asia support@bentley.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.

Part I .Application Examples 164 Example Problem 17 NOTES .

4. Fixed Supports at Joints 1. 5.m in .Example Problem 18 Example Problem No. 3. 9. 18 This is an example which demonstrates the calculation of principal stresses on a finite element. 13 Load intensity = 2000 Kn/sq. 2.Y direction 165 .

STAAD SPACE SAMPLE CALCULATION FOR * ELEMENT STRESSES Every input has to start with the word STAAD.25 Elements 1 to 9 have a thickness of 0.25 m. CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONC ALL Modulus of Elasticity and Poisson’s ratio of all the elements is that of the built-in default value for concrete. .Part I .Application Examples 166 Example Problem 18 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 5 6 2 TO 3 REPEAT 2 3 4 Element connectivities of elements 1 to 3 are defined first. the connectivities of elements 4 to 9 are generated. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. JOINT COORDINATES 10004900 REPEAT 3 0 0 3 Joint number followed by X. The REPEAT command is used to generate coordinates of joints 5 to 16 based on the pattern of joints 1 to 4. ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 9 THICK 0. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame (3-D structure). UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used. based on which.

Example Problem 18 SUPPORT 1 TO 4 5 9 13 FIXED "Fixed support" conditions exist at the above mentioned joints. The output includes membrane stresses. The change of length unit from metre to mms indicates that the values will be printed in KN and MMs units. bending moments per unit width and principal stresses. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The above command is self-explanatory. UNIT MMS PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 4 Element stresses at the centroid of the element are printed using the above command. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. shear stresses. The negative value indicates that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of the local Z.0 A uniform pressure of 2000 Kn/sq.m is applied on all the elements. the load is assumed to act along the local Z axis. 167 . In the absence of an explicit direction specification. LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 9 PRESSURE -2000.

00 66475. 3. 10.65 0.26 0.00 2984.04 0. 8.00 0.13 37676. 19.00 0.47 0. 12. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 9 13 METE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.04 0.21 0.47 0. 2.53 0. 6.00 0.00 26681.28 35166.53 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22.13 37676.00 -525. 9.65 0.00 525.00 -391. UNIT MMS 23. STAAD SPACE SAMPLE CALCULATION FOR * ELEMENT STRESSES UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 9 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 3 ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 5 6 2 TO 3 REPEAT 2 3 4 ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 9 THICK 0.71 0.Application Examples 168 Example Problem 18 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 13.00 0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 9/ 7 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 4.44 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE FORCE-Z MOM-X 0.00 0.00 88169. 7. Intl.00 0.71 0.26 0.21 MOM-Y 0.00 -26681. 20. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.44 8767. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 54 21.25 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONC ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 4 5 9 13 FIXED LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 9 PRESSURE -2000.00 -88169.00 -2984. 14.Part I . 17. 11. 16.00 391.00 24034. 15.28 35166. 18. 5.00 -66475.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 -24034.71 8767. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 4 MOM Z .00 -1219.

22 -0.210789E+00 4 1 1. 1 1 6.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.3 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 1.com * * * * North America support@bentley.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.3 ANGLE= -23.02 1.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.22 1.LENGTH UNITS= KNS MMS STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.217974E+00 4 1 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 24.01 4 TOP : BOTT: SMAX= SMAX= SQY VONB TRESCAB -0.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.01 -1.00 ANGLE= -23.com * * Asia support@bentley.Example Problem 18 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.22 SMIN= SMIN= MX SX 2111.017370E-01 4 1 1. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD SQX VONT TRESCAT 1 0.co.22 TMAX= TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 10726.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * ************************************************************ 169 .Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.co.21 1.com * * Europe support@bentley.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.39 0.217974E+00 -1. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.co.90 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.02 1.21 1.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 0.60 4553.217974E+00 PLATE NO. 4 4 CASE NO.75 0.Pro.60 0.

0 kN/mm 2 0.22 S 10416 .0297) TMAX = + 0.Application Examples 170 Example Problem 18 Calculation of principal stresses for element 4 Calculations are presented for the top surface only.4372 2 4 = 0.67mm 2 (Section Modulus) σx = SX + MX = 0.0 kN/mm 2 2111.0 + 2111.0 kN/mm 2 0.67 = 0.67 = 0.0 + 10726 .2027 kN/mm 2 σy = SY + MY = 0.2027 −1.97 S 10416 .67 = 1. SX = SY = SXY = MX = MY = MXY = S 0.97 kN-mm/mm = 1/6t 2 = 1/6*250 2 = 10416.Part I .0297 kN/mm 2 τxy = SXY + MXY = 0.84 kN-mm/mm 10726.0 + 4553.4372 kN/mm 2 TMAX = ( σ x − σy )2 4 + τ 2xy 2 (0.84 S 10416 .6018 kN/mm 2 .22 kN-mm/mm 4553.

218 kN/mm 2 SMIN = = ( σ x + σy ) 2 say 1.3 o 0.2027 − 1.22 kN/mm2 − TMAX (0.6018 2 = 0.2027 + 1.0297) − 0.0297) + 0.Example Problem 18 SMAX = = ( σ x + σy ) 2 + TMAX (0.6018 2 = 1.2027 + 1.4372 ⎫ 1 = tan −1 ⎨ ⎬ 2 ⎩ 0.0144 kN/mm 2 Angle = say 1 ⎪⎧ 2τ xy ⎫⎪ tan −1 ⎨ ⎬ 2 ⎪⎩ σ x − σ y ⎪⎭ ⎧ 2 * 0.0297 ⎭ = -23.01 kN/ mm2 171 .

Part I .Application Examples 172 Example Problem 18 NOTES .

and we examine those in this example. STAAD offers a few different methods for assigning inclined supports. The word INCLINED refers to the fact that the restraints at a joint where such a support is specified are along a user-specified axis system instead of along the default directions of the global axis system. 173 .Example Problem 19 Example Problem No. 19 This example demonstrates the usage of inclined supports.

are calculated automatically from these dimensions unless these are explicitly defined. UNIT METER KN Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. 2 2 3. That enables us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. 6 25 0 25. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 5 0. 4 5 2. 3 20 5 20. All properties required for the analysis.Application Examples 174 Example Problem 19 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. Semicolon signs (. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. YD and ZD stand for depth and width. STAAD SPACE INPUT WIDTH 79 Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 3 3 4. . 2 10 5 10. Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 5 5 0 5. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2. Joint number followed by X. UNIT MMS KN MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 4 5 PRIS YD 800 1 TO 3 PRIS YD 750 ZD 500 Properties for all members of the model are provided using the PRISMATIC option. Area. etc. a circular shape with diameter = YD is assumed for that cross section. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X. 5 6 3. The values are provided in MMS unit. If ZD is not provided. Y and Z coordinates. 4 30 5 30.Part I . such as.) are used as line separators. Moments of Inertia.

notice the keyword REF followed by the numbers (10. the keyword REFJT is used followed by the number 3. For the remaining one . the node number is followed by the keyword INCLINED. 6 and 4. The most important aspect of inclined supports is their axis system.that keyword is missing. signifying that an INCLINED support is defined there. 175 . 5m. For 3 of those.Example Problem 19 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. 1 and 4.5. local Y and local Z axes. 3 different methods are shown in the above 3 instances for defining the datum point. Hence.5. 5m and 20m). namely. In order to define the axis system. we first have to define a datum point.node 1 . This means that the datum point associated with node 5 is one which has the global coordinates of (10m. 6. 10m). namely.10). The support node and the datum point together help define the axis system. At node 6. UNIT METER KN SUPPORTS 5 INCLINED REF 10 5 10 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 6 INCLINED REFJT 3 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 1 PINNED 4 INCLINED 1 0 1 FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ We assign supports (restraints) at 4 nodes . Each node where an inclined support is defined has its own distinct local X. Coincidentally. (20m. this happens to be node 2. the support at node 1 is a global direction support. The coordinates of the datum point are hence those of node 3. 5. This means that the datum point for support node 6 is the joint number 3 of the model. At node 5.

Part I . Local Z is the vector obtained by the cross product of local X and the global Y axis (unless the SET Z UP command is used in which case one would use global Z instead of global Y and that would yield local Y).30m) and adds to them. The local X axis of that support is along the axis of member 5. Local Y is the vector resulting from the cross product of local Z and local X. Think of a pile bored into rock with a certain amount of freedom to expand and contract axially. no moment will be resisted by these supports. The same is true for the support at the bottom of member 5.31) happens to be coincident with the axis of the member. Notice the unique nature of these datum points.5m. By defining a KFX spring at that one. Local X is a straight line (vector) pointing from the support node towards the datum point. Since MX. the local axis system is defined as follows. the 3 numbers which comes after the word INCLINED. In the absence of the words REF and REFJT. suggesting that it is an expansion joint . The line going from node 4 to the datum point (31. MY and MZ are all released at these supports. and is hence along the axis of member 4.free to expand or contract along the axis of member 3. The one for node 5 tells us that a line connecting nodes 5 to 2 is the local X axis. The expression FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ for that support indicates that it is free to translate along local X.5. That also happens to be the case for the supported end of member 3. The right hand rule must be used when performing these cross products. 5m and 31m). the word INCLINED is merely followed by 3 numbers (1.Application Examples 176 Example Problem 19 At node 4. the datum point becomes (31m. we are saying that the lower end of member 4 can move along its axis like the piston of a car engine. . or the traffic direction. which are (30m. the program sets the datum point to be the following.1).0. Once the datum point is established. It takes the coordinates of node 4. Thus.

Example Problem 19

LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD
SELFWEIGHT Y -1.2
LOAD 2 LIVE LOAD
MEMBER LOAD
1 TO 3 UNI GY -6
LOAD COMB 3
1 1.0 2 1.0
PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK

3 load cases followed by the instruction for the type of analysis are
specified. The PRINT STATICS CHECK option will instruct the
program to produce a report consisting of total applied load versus
total reactions from the supports for each primary load case.
PRINT SUPPORT REACTION

By default, support reactions are printed in the global axis
directions. The above command is an instruction for such a report.
SET INCLINED REACTION
PRINT SUPPORT REACTION

Just earlier, we saw how to obtain support reactions in the global
axis system. What if we need them in the inclined axis system?
The “SET INCLINED REACTION” is a switch for that purpose. It
tells the program that reactions should be reported in the inclined
axis system instead of the global axis system. This has to be
followed by the PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS command.
PRINT MEMBER FORCES
PRINT JOINT DISP
FINISH

Member forces are reported in the local axis system of the
members. Joint displacements at all joints are reported in the
global axis system. Following this, the STAAD run is terminated.

177

Part I - Application Examples

178

Example Problem 19
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STAAD.Pro
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Version 2007
Build 02
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Proprietary Program of
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Research Engineers, Intl.
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Date=
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Time=
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USER ID:
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STAAD SPACE
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 5 0; 2 10 5 10; 3 20 5 20; 4 30 5 30; 5 5 0 5; 6 25 0 25
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2; 2 2 3; 3 3 4; 4 5 2; 5 6 3
UNIT MMS KN
MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
4 5 PRIS YD 800
1 TO 3 PRIS YD 750 ZD 500
CONSTANTS
E CONCRETE ALL
POISSON CONCRETE ALL
DENSITY CONCRETE ALL
UNIT METER KN
SUPPORTS
5 INCLINED REF 10 5 10 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000
6 INCLINED REFJT 3 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000
1 PINNED
4 INCLINED 1 0 1 FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ
LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD
SELFWEIGHT Y -1.2
LOAD 2 LIVE LOAD
MEMBER LOAD
1 TO 3 UNI GY -6
LOAD COMB 3
1 1.0 2 1.0
PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =

6/

5/

4

SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =

2, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =

STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.
DEAD LOAD
***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD
SUMMATION FORCE-X
SUMMATION FORCE-Y
SUMMATION FORCE-Z

( KN
=
=
=

METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING
0.00
-696.00
0.00

SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX=
10439.93 MY=
0.00 MZ=

***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KN
SUMMATION FORCE-X =
SUMMATION FORCE-Y =
SUMMATION FORCE-Z =

-10439.93

METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING
0.00
696.00
0.00

SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX=
-10439.93 MY=
0.00 MZ=

1 )

1 )

10439.93

27
1

Example Problem 19
MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING
MAXIMUMS
AT NODE
X = -7.99237E-01
5
Y = -2.49498E+00
3
Z = -7.99237E-01
5
RX= -2.66161E-03
4
RY= 6.12828E-16
4
RZ= 2.66161E-03
4

1)

STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.
LIVE LOAD

***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD
SUMMATION FORCE-X
SUMMATION FORCE-Y
SUMMATION FORCE-Z

( KN
=
=
=

METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING
0.00
-254.56
0.00

SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX=
3818.38 MY=
0.00 MZ=

***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KN
SUMMATION FORCE-X =
SUMMATION FORCE-Y =
SUMMATION FORCE-Z =

2 )

-3818.38

METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING
0.00
254.56
0.00

SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX=
-3818.38 MY=
0.00 MZ=
MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING
MAXIMUMS
AT NODE
X = -2.97411E-01
5
Y = -9.31566E-01
3
Z = -2.97411E-01
5
RX= -1.18888E-03
4
RY= 2.28152E-16
4
RZ= 1.18888E-03
4

2

2 )

3818.38
2)

************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************
30. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION
SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN
----------------JOINT
5

6

1

4

METE

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3

215.36
86.45
301.81
-212.20
-85.19
-297.39
-3.15
-1.27
-4.42
0.00
0.00
0.00

288.60
94.77
383.37
286.84
94.06
380.91
60.21
32.84
93.05
60.33
32.89
93.22

215.36
86.45
301.81
-212.20
-85.19
-297.39
-3.15
-1.27
-4.42
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

31. SET INCLINED REACTION
32. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION

179

Part I - Application Examples

180

Example Problem 19
SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN
----------------JOINT

METE

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3

415.30
154.54
569.83
410.64
152.67
563.31
-3.15
-1.27
-4.42
0.00
0.00
0.00

59.81
6.79
66.60
60.94
7.25
68.19
60.21
32.84
93.05
60.33
32.89
93.22

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
-3.15
-1.27
-4.42
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

5

6

1

4

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

33. PRINT MEMBER FORCES
MEMBER END FORCES
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KN
MEMBER
1

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1
2
1
2
1
2

-4.46
4.46
-1.79
1.79
-6.25
6.25

60.21
89.73
32.84
52.01
93.05
141.75

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
-208.74
0.00
-135.58
0.00
-344.32

2
3
2
3
2
3

300.10
-300.10
120.47
-120.47
420.57
-420.57

75.79
74.15
42.75
42.10
118.55
116.25

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

125.95
-114.37
76.77
-72.12
202.71
-186.49

3
4
3
4
3
4

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

89.61
60.33
51.96
32.89
141.58
93.22

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

207.02
0.00
134.89
0.00
341.90
0.00

5
2
5
2
5
2

415.30
-344.24
154.54
-154.54
569.83
-498.77

59.81
40.69
6.79
-6.79
66.60
33.90

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
82.79
0.00
58.81
0.00
141.61

6
3
6
3
6
3

410.64
-339.58
152.67
-152.67
563.31
-492.25

60.94
39.55
7.25
-7.25
68.19
32.30

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
92.64
0.00
62.77
0.00
155.41

1
2
3

1
2
3

4

1
2
3

5

(LOCAL )

1

3

3

METE

LOAD

2

2

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

1
2
3

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

Example Problem 19
34. PRINT JOINT DISP
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM
-----------------JOINT
1

2

3

4

5

6

LOAD

X-TRANS

1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3

RADIANS)

Y-TRANS

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0005
0.0002
0.0008
-0.0363
-0.0146
-0.0509
-0.0363
-0.0146
-0.0509
-0.7992
-0.2974
-1.0966
0.7903
0.2938
1.0841

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-2.4510
-0.9139
-3.3649
-2.4950
-0.9316
-3.4265
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-0.7992
-0.2974
-1.0966
-0.7903
-0.2938
-1.0841

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

Z-TRANS
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0005
0.0002
0.0008
-0.0363
-0.0146
-0.0509
-0.0363
-0.0146
-0.0509
-0.7992
-0.2974
-1.0966
0.7903
0.2938
1.0841

X-ROTAN

Y-ROTAN

0.0026
0.0012
0.0038
0.0007
0.0003
0.0011
-0.0007
-0.0003
-0.0011
-0.0027
-0.0012
-0.0039
0.0023
0.0007
0.0031
-0.0024
-0.0008
-0.0032

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Z-ROTAN
-0.0026
-0.0012
-0.0038
-0.0007
-0.0003
-0.0011
0.0007
0.0003
0.0011
0.0027
0.0012
0.0039
-0.0023
-0.0007
-0.0031
0.0024
0.0008
0.0032

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

35. FINISH

*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

****

************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Research Engineers Offices at the following locations *
*
*
*
Telephone
Email
*
* USA:
+1 (714)974-2500
support@bentley.com
*
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+1 (905)632-4771
detech@odandetech.com *
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+44(1454)207-000
support@reel.co.uk
*
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support@reel.co.uk
*
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info@reig.de
*
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+47 67 57 21 30
staad@edr.no
*
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*
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************************************************************

181

Part I - Application Examples

182

Example Problem 19

NOTES

Example Problem 20

Example Problem No. 20
This example generates the geometry of a cylindrical tank structure
using the cylindrical coordinate system. The tank lies on its side in
this example.

3

2
11 2
3
4

10
10 19
11
12

18

1

1

20

9

4
9
12

5

17
8

13

6

16

8

21

5

16

13
7
7
14

6

24
15
15
22
14
23

183

JOINT COORD CYLINDRICAL The above command instructs the program that the coordinate data that follows is in the cylindrical coordinate system (r. STAAD SPACE UNIT METER KN The type of structure (SPACE frame) and length and force units for data to follow are specified. theta of 315 degrees and Z of 0 ft.theta.0 The REPEAT command is used to generate joints 9 through 24 by repeating twice.0 metres for each REPEAT.z). a cylindrical tank is modeled using finite elements. the coordinates in the XY plane are generated using the cylindrical coordinate system. Joints 2 to 7 are generated by equal incrementation of the coordinate values between joints 1 and 8. The 315 degrees angle is measured counter-clockwise from the +ve direction of the X-axis. Hence. Joint 8 has an 'r' of 3. REPEAT 2 0 0 3.Part I . theta of 0 degrees and Z of 0 ft. Note that even though the input data was in the cylindrical coordinate system.5 315 0 Joint 1 has an 'r' of 3. The radial direction is in the XY plane and longitudinal direction is along the Z-axis. 1 3.5 0 0 8 3.5 metres. the pattern of joints 1 to 8 at Z-increments of 3.Application Examples 184 Example Problem 20 In this example. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 10 9 TO 7 1 1 8 8 1 9 16 REPEAT ALL 1 8 8 .5 metres. the output is in the cartesian coordinate system. PRINT JOINT COORD The above command is used to produce a report consisting of the coordinates of all the joints in the cartesian coordinate system.

must be REPEATED once with an element number increment of 8 and a joint number increment of 8 to generate elements 9 through 16. FINISH 185 . namely elements 1 to 8. incidences of element 3 is generated by incrementing the incidences of element 2 by 1 and so on upto element 7. PRINT ELEMENT INFO The above command is self-explanatory. The REPEAT ALL command states that the pattern of ALL the elements defined by the previous 2 lines. Incidences of element 8 has been defined above as 8 1 9 16. Incidences of element 1 is defined as 1 2 10 9. Incidences of element 2 is generated by incrementing the joint numbers of element 1 by 1.Example Problem 20 The above 4 lines identify the element incidences of all 16 elements.

500 2.475 0.000 3.000 -2.475 0.0 PRINT JOINT COORD JOINT COORDINATES ----------------COORDINATES ARE METE UNIT JOINT X Y 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 3.Part I .500 2.475 0.475 0.475 0.000 0. STAAD SPACE UNIT METER KN JOINT COORD CYLINDRICAL 1 3.Application Examples 186 Example Problem 20 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.000 0.000 3.000 0. 10.000 2.000 0.000 6.000 6.000 3.000 6.000 2.000 2.000 2. 2.000 0.475 0. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 10 9 TO 7 1 1 8 8 1 9 16 REPEAT ALL 1 8 8 PRINT ELEMENT INFO .475 3.500 2.000 3.475 -3.475 0.000 0. 6. Intl.475 3.475 -3.000 -2.000 0.500 -2.500 2.000 2.000 -2.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.000 2.500 -2.000 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 7.500 -2.000 3.000 6. 11.5 0 0 8 3.000 3.000 3.000 6.000 -2.500 -2.475 0.475 3.475 0.475 Z 0.000 6. 9.000 6.475 -3.475 0.5 315 0 REPEAT 2 0 0 3. 8.500 2.475 3.000 3.475 -3.500 2.000 6.000 -2.475 -3. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.475 -3. 4.500 -2.475 0.500 -2.000 -2.475 0. 5. 3.475 3.

000 0.0364 8.000 0.000 0. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 INCIDENCES 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 9 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 17 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 THICK (METE) POISS 0.0364 8.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.0364 8.0364 8.0364 187 . FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.000 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.000 E 0.000 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.000 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.000 0.0364 8.0364 8.00 ******************END OF ELEMENT INFO****************** 12.Pro.000 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.co.com * * * * North America support@bentley.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.000 0.00 0.000 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * ************************************************************ G 0.00 0.000 0.0364 8.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.0364 8.0364 8.com * * Asia support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.000 0.000 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.0364 8.000 0.000 0.Example Problem 20 ELEMENT INFORMATION ------------------ELEMENT NO.00 0.0364 8.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.0364 8.000 0.00 0.0364 8.00 AREA 8.00 0.000 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.0364 8.00 0.00 0.0364 8.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.000 0.

Part I .Application Examples 188 Example Problem 20 NOTES .

189 .Example Problem 21 Example Problem No. 21 This example illustrates the modeling of tension-only members using the MEMBER TENSION command.

Consequently. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. 6 5. 5 5.25 0 Joint coordintes of joints 1 to 6 are defined above. It is important to note that the analysis can be done for only 1 load case at a time. the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. . To accommodate these requirements. the set of “active” members (and hence the stiffness matrix) is load case dependent. it is necessary to have 2 commands.5 .25 3. 4 5.Part I . Also. 7 2 6 . This structure is a PLANE frame. UNIT METER KNS Units for the commands to follow are defined above.Application Examples 190 Example Problem 21 This example has been created to illustrate the command specification for a structure with certain members capable of carrying tensile force only. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TENSION-ONLY MEMBERS The input data is initiated with the word STAAD. 2 0 3. 3 0 7. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command).0 . The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data.5 . one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. 10 2 5 Incidences of members 1 to 10 are defined. 8 2 4 . 9 3 5 .0 . with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1125 6 1 5 .25 7. This is because.

191 . material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity). PERFORM ANALYSIS An analysis is carried out for load case 1. In this case. CONSTANTS E STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Following the command CONSTANTS. SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED The supports are defined above.Example Problem 21 MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are defined as TENSION-only members. it is disabled from the structure and the analysis is carried out again with the modified structure. the built-in default value of steel is assigned. any of the members 6 to 9 is found to be carrying a compressive force. and Poisson’s ratio are specified. Hence for each load case. MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 TO 10 TA ST UC152X152X30 All members have been assigned a UC section from the British table. LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 Load 1 is defined above and consists of joint loads at joints 2 and 3. if during the analysis.

We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 and 2 acting simultaneously.Part I . PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE The instruction to analyze the structure is specified again.Application Examples 192 Example Problem 21 CHANGE MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 One or more among the members 6 to 9 may have been inactivated in the previous analysis. the above instruction is the same as the following: . these members cannot be accessed for any further operations.0 2 1. The members with the tension-only attribute are specified again. In other words.0 Load case 3 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier. Next. Without re-activation. any tension-only members that become inactivated during the second analysis (due to the fact that they were subjected to compressive axial forces) are re-activated with the CHANGE command. LOAD 2 JOINT LOAD 4 FX -45 5 FX -70 Load case 2 is described above. LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case.

are recognized as the "active" load cases. The LOAD LIST command enables the above listed load cases to be made active for further processing. At the end of any analysis. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS FINI The analysis results are printed and the run terminated.Example Problem 21 LOAD 3 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 4 FX -45 5 FX -70 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is carried out for load case 3. CHANGE LOAD LIST 1 2 3 The members inactivated during the analysis of load 3 are reactivated for further processing. 193 . only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently.

15. 18. 7. 1. 6 TO 9 26. 13. 17. 21. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TENSION-ONLY MEMBERS UNIT METER KNS SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 10 2 5 MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 TO 10 TA ST UC152X152X30 CONSTANTS E STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 10/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = **START ITERATION NO. 5. 8. 2. 5 5. Intl. 4 FX -45 29.25 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 6 1 5 . 6. 4 5. 16. Case= 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 31. CHANGE 24. 9.5 . 6 5.0 . 20. LOAD LIST 1 2 3 38.0 35. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. Case= 2 2 iterations.5 . PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS 2 iterations. 9 3 5 .25 7. 4. CHANGE 37. LOAD 2 27.0 2 1.0 . 14.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 12. 1 1. LOAD 3 33.Application Examples 194 Example Problem 21 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 2 0 3. 1 2 iterations. CHANGE 32. MEMBER TENSION 25. 10. REPEAT LOAD 34. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. Case= 3 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 36. 11. 3 0 7. 22. JOINT LOAD 28. 5 FX -70 30.25 3. 7 2 6 . PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. 8 2 4 . 3.Part I . 14 2 . 19. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 23.

00 0.00 0.0000 -0.05 -0.79 -44.67 -106.00 0.00 106.0000 0.0005 0.0000 0.00 0.82 0.00 1 6 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.23 106.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.44 0.25 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0151 0.21 -0.0000 0.82 -29.0002 0.00 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.05 -0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 -0.00 0.76 0.67 -106.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.67 106.0000 0.1648 0.0136 0.00 0.3722 -0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.55 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.26 -0.0001 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -114.00 0.0135 -0.92 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.25 29.00 0.0000 0.23 30.00 0.00 0.00 0.89 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0475 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.77 -0.0000 -0.00 0.00 0.0004 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0004 0.0008 0.44 -0.0000 0.0608 0.76 0.00 0.3722 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.14 2 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 195 .00 0.00 0.26 -0.2412 -0.67 0.0000 0.0000 0.21 0.00 0.25 0.0000 0.0000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------- STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE X-ROTAN 0.0005 -0.00 0.1648 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 -0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.79 -44.0000 0.00 0.0000 JOINT Z-TRANS 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.0000 -0.08 0.00 0.0000 0.0004 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.79 45.05 -0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 -0.0234 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 METE Y-ROTAN 0.05 0.0000 0.0000 0.67 0.00 0.00 0.16 2 3 2 3 2 3 -0.0000 0.0008 0.0000 0.0608 0.04 4 5 4 5 4 5 29.00 0.0004 0.0000 0.92 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.20 0.21 0.08 -0.00 0.08 114.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.25 0.55 -0.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0475 0.0000 0.00 0.55 -0.0000 0.0000 0.3423 0.3423 -0.00 0.0000 0.55 -0.0000 0.04 0.0000 -0.76 0.76 -0.00 0.14 -0.05 -45.Example Problem 21 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 2 3 4 5 6 X-TRANS RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.0000 0.25 -0.0000 0.00 0.44 -0.79 44.05 0.0135 0.0000 0.82 -0.2412 -0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0151 0.0000 0.04 -0.05 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0002 0.0136 -0.0001 -0.25 0.0000 -0.77 -0.00 0.67 0.0004 0.44 -0.05 -106.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -30.00 0.05 -0.0000 0.04 3 4 3 4 3 4 44.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0004 0.82 -29.00 0.0000 0.20 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.21 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0234 0.05 0.

00 0.31 114.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.00 0.81 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.08 -0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 -53.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.41 0.00 0.31 -114.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 137.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.89 0.00 0.com * ************************************************************ .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 53.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.30 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.90 -69.00 0.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 5 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 5 6 106.00 0.00 0.23 0.00 0.90 -0.00 0.00 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 137.co.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 53.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.06 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 2 3 6 1 2 3 7 1 2 3 8 1 2 3 9 1 2 3 10 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 39.00 0.31 -114.00 0.00 1 5 1 5 1 5 -137.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 -53.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 0.06 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.30 0.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 0.00 0.00 -0.29 0.00 0.31 69.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.08 -0.00 0.26 -0.Pro.00 0.00 0.00 0. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 -137.09 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 5 2 5 2 5 114.05 0.00 0.09 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.23 30.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.67 -106.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 196 Example Problem 21 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.67 -30.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.

Example Problem 21 NOTES 197 .

Part I .Application Examples 198 Example Problem 21 NOTES .

199 . The commands necessary to describe the sine function are demonstrated in this example. 22 A space frame structure is subjected to a sinusoidal (dynamic) loading.Example Problem 22 Example Problem No. Time History analysis is performed on this model.

UNIT KNS METER The units for the data that follows are specified above.Part I .5 7 0 .5 9 5 7 5 . 11 11 12 .5 .5 7 2. 5 5 6 . 16 13 12 The members are defined by the joints they are connected to.3505. JOINT COORDINATES 1000. 9 9 10 . Semicolon characters (.4005 5 0 7 0 . 8 8 9 . Y and Z coordinates are specified above. 8 5 7 2.5 7 5 . 2 2 7 .Application Examples 200 Example Problem 22 STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 11 0 7 5 12 0 7 2. 6 6 7 7 7 8 . The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 7 5 7 0 . 6 2. 12 12 5 13 6 13 .) are used as line separators to facilitate input of multiple sets of data on one line. Y and Z axes. 10 10 11 .2500. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 5 . . The UNIT command is specified to change the units for length from METER to MMS. UNIT MMS MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 TO 4 PRIS YD 600 ZD 600 5 TO 16 PRIS YD 450 ZD 450 Members 1 to 16 are defined as PRISmatic sections with width and depth values provided using the YD and ZD options. 15 8 13 . The comment line which begins with an asterisk is an optional title to identify this project. 14 13 10 . 13 2.5 The joint number followed by the X. 3 3 9 . 10 2. 4 4 11 .

only one data set is defined. (If one wishes to specify an earthquake motion. which describes the variation of force with time. the parameters of the sinusoidal loading are provided. The first stage is defined above.0 DAMPING 0.Example Problem 22 SUPPORTS 1 TO 4 PINNED Joints 1 to 4 are declared to be pinned-supported. which is apparent from the fact that only one TYPE is defined. Each data set is individually identified by the number that follows the TYPE command. Built-in default values for concrete are used. an ACCELERATION may be specified. The word FORCE that follows the TYPE 1 command signifies that this data set is for a forcing function. Here.075 There are two stages in the command specification required for a time-history analysis. 201 . density and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS.) The command FUNCTION SINE indicates that instead of providing the data set as discrete TIME-FORCE pairs. CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity (E). In this file. is provided. DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE * FOLLOWING LINES FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR FUNCTION SINE AMPLITUDE 30 FREQUENCY 60 CYCLES 100 * ARRIVAL TIMES 0. a sinusoidal function.

The modal damping ratio for all the modes is set to 0. The 2 sets of data specified here are a) the weights for generation of the mass matrix and b) the application of the time varying loads on the structure. AMPLITUDE.0 The above data describe a static load case. The arrival time value indicates the relative value of time at which the force begins to act upon the structure.6 of the Technical Reference Manual for more information). UNIT METER LOAD 1 MEMBER LOAD 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 UNI GY -10.31. The weights (from which the masses for the mass matrix are obtained) are specified in the form of selfweight and joint loads.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. such as FREQUENCY. STAAD internally generates discrete TIME-FORCE pairs of data from the sine function in steps of time defined by the default value (see section 5. .Part I .Application Examples 202 Example Problem 22 The parameters of the sine function.0 TIME LOAD 8 12 FX 1 1 This is the second stage of command specification for time history analysis. A uniformly distributed load of 10 kN/m acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on some members. LOAD 2 SELFWEIGHT X 1. and number of CYCLES of application are then defined.0 8 12 FZ 15.0 8 12 FY 15.0 JOINT LOAD 8 12 FX 15.075.

203 . the sinusoidal force is applied using the "TIME LOAD" command. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS FINI The above commands are self explanatory.Example Problem 22 Following that. The FINISH command terminates the STAAD run. The forcing function described by the TYPE 1 load is applied on joints 8 and 12 and it starts to act starting at a time defined by the 1st arrival time number.

5 7 2. 21. 2 5 0 0 . 41. 15. 6. 20. 2. 6 2. 16 13 12 UNIT MMS MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 TO 4 PRIS YD 600 ZD 600 5 TO 16 PRIS YD 450 ZD 450 SUPPORTS 1 TO 4 PINNED CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE * FOLLOWING LINES FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR FUNCTION SINE AMPLITUDE 30 FREQUENCY 60 CYCLES 100 FOR SEQUENTIAL HARMONIC FORCING CURVE NUMBER= 1 NUMBER OF POINTS IN DIGITIZED HARMONIC FUNCTION= 1201 NUMBER OF POINTS PER QUARTER CYCLE OF HARMONIC FUNCTION= 3 FORCE STEP DELTA TIME PER POINT 1. 17. 3 5 0 5 . 25. 44. 10. 15 8 13 . 7 5 7 0 . 35. 5. 40. 24. 8 5 7 2. 13. 4 4 11 . 12 12 5 13 6 13 .0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 42. 31. 8 8 9 . 19. 10 10 11 . 16.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 43. 32. 12. 27. 10 2. 14 13 10 . 46. 30. 3 3 9 . 2 2 7 . 7. 6 6 7 7 7 8 . 11 11 12 .38889E-03 ENDING TIME FOR THIS DIGITIZED HARMONIC FUNCTION 1. 9. 18. 3. 9 9 10 .5 7 5 . 29. 26. 45.5 7 0 .0 TIME LOAD 8 12 FX 1 1 PERFORM ANALYSIS .Part I .5 .0 LOAD 2 SELFWEIGHT X 1. 33.Application Examples 204 Example Problem 22 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 13 2. 11.0 DAMPING 0. 34. 36. 4 0 0 5 5 0 7 0 . 23. STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR UNIT KNS METER JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 39. 4. 14. 8. 38. * ARRIVAL TIMES 0.0 8 12 FZ 15. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.5 9 5 7 5 . 22.075 UNIT METER LOAD 1 MEMBER LOAD 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 UNI GY -10.0 8 12 FY 15. Intl.0 JOINT LOAD 8 12 FX 15. 11 0 7 5 12 0 7 2. 37. 5 5 6 .66667E+00 28.5 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 5 .

996 99.998 99.00 0.999 0.000 43.00 0.996 99.996 99.000 0.45158 0.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 6 TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 1.998 99.00 43.46 0.00 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS Y= -5.05181 0.996 99.998 99.000 0.Example Problem 22 P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 13/ 16/ 4 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.864 2.0750 0.113889 Z= -4.509 0.00 MODAL MODE DAMPING 1 2 3 4 5 6 0.00 0.863 1.118056 205 .665 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 1199 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.0750 0.00 0.00 0.669199E+00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 66 6 27 6 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 1.0750 0.456 0.53664 0.00 0.00 0.303 23.127778 47.841255E-06 0.0750 0.318 19.996 99.04254 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 A C T U A L X Y Z 100.00 0.00100.53639 0.0750 0.00 0.000 0.0750 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 99.214 18.KNS MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= METE -1.456 43.998 99.05459 0.998 D A M P I N G USED IN ANALYSIS TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.097819E-08 0.00 0.000 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.

00 1.0000 0.00 0.Application Examples 206 Example Problem 22 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 X-TRANS RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.02 -0.92 4 11 4 11 50.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 0.15 2.15 -1.00 -1.15 0.0000 0.00 0.0001 0.00 0.0002 0.00 -1.0000 0.00 0.0001 -0.0000 0.42 -2.0001 -0.04 0.0000 0.15 -2.0001 0.0000 0.15 -0.00 -1.0001 0.00 -50.02 0.00 -0.0000 0.15 1.42 2.02 2.02 0.0002 0.00 -15.00 0.0005 -0.0472 0.0001 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0045 -0.04 0.00 0.42 -2.42 -0.0002 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 5 1 5 50.0000 0.0002 0.02 -2.0001 -0.00 1.00 -15.15 -0.0000 0.00 0.04 0.0000 -0.00 0.42 -0.00 0.0000 0.15 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.12 0.00 15.15 -2.0000 0.15 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0408 0.15 -2.0000 0.0000 -0.00 0.02 0.0472 -0.0002 0.0001 0.0000 0.15 2.00 15.0000 0.0001 -0.15 2.00 0.00 0.0410 0.0001 0.15 0.92 2 7 2 7 50.00 0.0472 0.0000 0.02 -2.00 0.0000 0.15 -0.0000 0.00 15.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.15 50.00 0.0000 0.0000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------- STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE 0.0001 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.02 -0.02 0.00 2.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.00 0.15 2.00 0.0000 0.0002 0.0001 -0.00 0.00 0.00 1.0000 0.92 2 2 1 2 3 1 2 4 1 2 .0000 -0.00 -50.0000 0.15 2.0001 0.00 2.0408 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.42 -0.0000 0.04 0.0002 0.00 -15.0000 0.0000 -0.42 -0.0410 -0.0001 -0.0000 0.15 -0.42 50.02 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0001 -0.0045 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 -0.00 0.0000 0.0000 -0.00 0.0000 0.0000 -0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 -50.0000 0.00 15.0000 0.0000 0.15 50.00 0.00 0.15 -2.0000 0.0408 -0.15 -2.Part I .00 0.0000 0.42 2.0001 0.0000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0001 0.15 -0.00 0.42 -2.0000 METE X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN -0.00 0.04 0.0000 0.15 0.0001 0.00 0.0000 0.15 -1.0000 -0.42 -2.15 0.0000 0.0000 0.02 0.0045 0.00 0.0000 0.04 0.00 0.0000 0.15 50.0408 0.00 2.0000 0.15 2.0000 -0.02 0.0000 0.00 -50.00 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0002 0.0001 0.00 2.15 -2.0000 0.0583 0.00 1.00 -1.0408 0.00 0.0410 JOINT Z-TRANS 0.04 0.00 0.15 0.00 -15.15 0.0000 0.0000 0.42 2.0000 -0.00 0.0408 0.15 2.0005 -0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.12 0.0001 -0.12 0.15 -0.92 3 9 3 9 50.04 0.00 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.15 1.15 0.15 -0.00 0.0472 0.12 0.0045 -0.0000 0.00 1 2 3 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.0001 0.

89 -16.17 0.14 6 13 6 13 0.76 2 6 1 2 7 1 2 8 1 2 9 1 2 10 1 2 11 1 2 12 1 2 13 1 2 14 1 2 15 1 2 16 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 207 .00 0.00 0.21 8 9 8 9 2.06 -1.32 -1.06 0.05 0.32 -1.10 0.10 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.00 -0.12 16.09 -0.12 16.06 0.00 0.17 0.89 -2.89 -0.00 0.12 0.06 -0.07 0.00 25.08 10 11 10 11 2.07 -0.08 0.09 -0.00 0.10 25.38 -0.06 0.24 0.32 1.64 0.38 -0.09 -0.89 2.08 -14.06 0.17 -0.24 0.38 -0.32 0.54 -0.05 -1.32 -1.64 -0.10 -0.09 -2.64 2.08 6 7 6 7 2.00 0.06 0.00 0.00 -0.14 0.32 -0.10 25.00 0.00 13 10 13 10 0.09 -2.36 -0.36 14.21 0.38 0.14 0.10 0.00 -1.00 0.06 -0.00 0.32 1.00 0.14 -0.32 0.06 -0.06 0.32 0.00 0.12 -2.07 -0.00 0.00 0.06 0.06 -0.00 0.06 -0.12 -0.09 0.04 0.09 -2.04 0.13 -2.06 -0.00 25.54 0.21 12 5 12 5 2.08 0.07 0.32 -0.09 -2.07 -0.08 0.00 0.08 -14.00 0.00 -0.06 1.09 -2.09 0.00 0.12 0.14 -0.09 -0.00 0.89 0.00 0.02 -0.08 -1.00 25.00 8 13 8 13 0.08 -14.08 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.09 0.07 -0.04 -0.36 0.00 0.32 -1.00 -1.36 14.08 -0.12 -0.00 0.05 -0.12 -0.07 0.02 0.38 0.03 0.06 -0.10 -0.07 0.06 -0.14 9 10 9 10 2.04 25.03 -0.00 0.00 0.54 7 8 7 8 2.08 -14.12 -0.00 -0.02 0.05 1.08 1.02 -0.07 -0.36 14.00 0.08 0.08 -0.12 -0.04 25.14 -0.00 1.02 -0.02 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.07 -0.00 0.10 0.10 0.06 16.14 -0.09 -2.06 0.36 14.07 0.08 -0.32 1.04 -0.00 0.00 0.06 -0.07 0.06 16.06 0.06 -1.07 -0.02 0.89 -16.38 0.76 -0.00 25.24 -0.32 1.05 1.06 -0.12 -0.07 -0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 5 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 2.06 0.09 0.24 -0.14 0.00 0.10 -0.00 0.64 2.38 0.32 0.00 0.00 0.54 11 12 11 12 2.14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 22 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 -2.05 -1.06 0.05 0.89 -16.00 0.07 0.09 -2.00 0.38 -0.64 0.21 -0.12 -0.64 2.00 0.00 -0.06 -0.05 -0.06 1.00 0.64 2.08 2.17 13 12 13 12 0.00 0.12 0.12 0.00 0.32 -0.08 -0.00 0.07 0.08 1.36 0.17 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.14 0.09 -2.10 0.03 0.00 0.36 -0.00 0.08 -1.89 -16.64 0.17 0.13 0.00 0.02 -0.14 -0.00 1.32 -0.00 -2.

com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * ************************************************************ .com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.Application Examples 208 Example Problem 22 48. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.co.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.co.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.Part I .com * * Europe support@bentley.Pro.com * * Asia support@bentley.co.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * * * North America support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.

The numbers shown in the diagram below are the element numbers. 23 This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to automatically generate spring supports for a slab on grade.Example Problem 23 Example Problem No. The slab is subjected to pressure loading and analysis of the structure is performed. 209 .

0 0.0 0.0 REPEAT 5 2 0.0 0. The coordinates of these joints is used as a basis for generating 21 more joints by incrementing the X coordinate of each of these 7 joints by 2. The results of the generation may be visually verified using the STAAD graphical viewing facilities.0 0. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.17 7 0.0 REPEAT 3 2.0 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.67 0. REPEAT commands are used to generate the remaining joints of the structure.0 REPEAT 3 2.Part I .0 REPEAT ALL 3 2. Y and Z axes.83 0.0 3 0.33 2 0. the joint number followed by the X.0 12.0 2.0 0.0 13.0 0. The remainder of the words form a title to identify this project. The incidence pattern of the first 6 elements is then used to generate . The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.0 4.0 REPEAT 3 2.0 For joints 1 through 7.0 0.78 5 0.0 6.83 0.0 0.0 0.67 0.17 6 0. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 The incidences of element number 1 is defined and that data is used as a basis for generating the 2nd through the 6th element. UNIT METER KNS The units for the data that follows are specified above.83 metres.39 4 0.Application Examples 210 Example Problem 23 STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.0 9. 3 times.0 0.0 0.0 0.

SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUB 1570.0 The thickness of elements 1 to 102 is specified as 14 cms following the command ELEMENT PROPERTIES. The program will determine the area under the influence of each joint and multiply the influence area by the subgrade reaction to arrive at the spring stiffness for the "FY" degree of freedom at the joint. The built-in default value for concrete is used. UNIT CM ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 14. These springs are located at nodes 1 to 126.m. Additional information on this feature may be found in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. The subgrade modulus of the soil is specified as 1570 KN/cu.Example Problem 23 the incidences of 96 (= 16 x 6) more elements using the REPEAT command. PRINT SUPP INFO This command will enable us to obtain the details of the support conditions which were generated using the earlier commands. 211 . UNIT METER CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity (E) and Poisson’s Ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. The above command is used to instruct STAAD to generate supports with springs which are effective in the global Y direction.

is specified above.2 The above data describe a static load case. . 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -1368.m. identified with load case number 101. 125 FY -2431. LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -965. 113 114 FY -485. 47 54 82 FY -1175. 103 FY -2166. 6 FY -2746. 27 FY -4828.0 and then algebraically add the results. 104 FY -4333. 5 FY -1373. It instructs STAAD to factor loads 1 and 2 by a value of 1. Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the negative global Y direction. A load combination case.2 kN/sq.Part I . 29 30 FY -912. 92 93 FY -912.Application Examples 212 Example Problem 23 LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY –74. 26 FY -2414. 99 100 FY -1824. 22 23 FY -1824. LOADING COMBINATION 101 TOTAL LOAD 1 1. 48 55 76 83 FY -2350. A pressure load of 74. 124 FY -1216. 8 9 FY -485. 2 1. acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on all the 102 elements. 120 121 FY -965.

and element stresses for elements 34 and 67. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. is obtained with the help of the above commands. 213 . UNIT CM LOAD LIST 101 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 33 56 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 Joint displacements for joints 33 and 56.Example Problem 23 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is initiated using the above command. for load case 101.

16. 7.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 1477.83 0.0 0 0. 4.0 .0 0. 22.0 0 0.0 0 0. 25.0 0 1 0.7 0 8752.0 0.3 0 9263.0 9 1 0.17 7 0.0 0. 24.0 5 1 6 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 12. 14.0 0 1 0. 5.0 0. 27.0 0 0.0 1 1 1 0. 17.0 1 0. 26. 9.2 0 5120.5 0 10241.33 2 0.0 2 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0. 15.7 0 4631. 23.0 0.0 0.5 0 11596.0 0.0 0.0 REPEAT ALL 3 2.2 0 5798.0 0.0 1 0 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.67 0.0 4. Intl. PRINT SUPP INFO SUPPORT INFORMATION (1=FIXED.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.78 5 0.0 10 1 11 1 0.0 0 0. 21.0 0.4 0 2954.0 0 0.Application Examples 214 Example Problem 23 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 9.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 12 1 13 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0. 13.0 6.0 2. 20.0 3 0. 18.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 13.0 0.83 0.0 REPEAT 3 2.0 1 0.3 0 4376.0 3 1 4 1 0.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 UNIT CM ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 14.0 REPEAT 3 2.0 REPEAT 5 2 0.0 0.67 0.0 1 0 0.0 7 1 8 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0. 10.0 UNIT METER CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUB 1570. 12.Part I .9 0 2410. 3.0 0 0.9 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0. 19.0 0 0. 11.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0. STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.17 6 0.5 0 5798. 8.0 1 1 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 0. 2.0 1 0 0.0 0.9 0 11596.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 REPEAT 3 2.39 4 0. 28. 0=RELEASED) ------------------UNITS FOR SPRING CONSTANTS ARE KNS METE DEGREES JOINT 1 FORCE-X/ KFX 1 0. 6.

0 1 0.1 0 8505.1 0 4548.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.9 0 10940.0 42 1 43 1 0.0 35 1 36 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 44 1 45 1 0.0 15 1 16 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 39 1 40 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 20 1 21 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 46 1 47 1 0.7 0 8752.0 48 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.5 0 10241.9 0 9568.0 27 1 28 1 0.8 0 2954.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.3 0 9263.0 1 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 4820.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 14 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.7 0 11268.0 1 0.0 0 4684.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.9 0 11596.1 0 9568.0 0 0.0 1 1 0.2 0 2437.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.3 0 8740.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 30 1 31 1 0.0 0.9 0 4820.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.1 0 4548.0 18 1 19 1 0.0 37 1 38 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.9 0 9662.0 1 1 0.0 0 10940.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.9 0 9662.0 0.0 17 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 34 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.7 0 9951.9 0 7221.0 0.0 0 1 0.8 0 9002.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.5 0 2787.0 0 10940.0 0.6 0 8258.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.3 0 8740.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 7643.0 0 1 0.5 0 11268.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 0 2871.0 0 1 0.0 215 .5 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 41 1 0.2 0 2787.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.6 0 8258.5 0 11596.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 29 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.9 0 10940.0 1 0.0 32 1 33 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 22 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.1 0 8450.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 25 1 26 1 0.0 23 1 24 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.

0 0.9 0 9568.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.4 0 8195.0 1 0.0 65 1 66 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.Part I .0 1 0.7 0 6546.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 3977.0 0.0 0.4 0 7237.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 77 1 78 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.4 0 8195.1 0 8450.0 67 1 68 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.1 0 6185.0 0 0.0 50 1 51 1 0.0 1 0 0.1 0 9568.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 .0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 58 1 59 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.1 0 6185.9 0 3406.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.9 0 3406.4 0 8195.0 1 0 0.4 0 7237.0 70 1 71 1 0.0 0.1 0 6185.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.6 0 2088.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.4 0 8195.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.8 0 8195.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.4 0 7237.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 74 1 75 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.9 0 2088.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.4 0 7237.0 0.0 0.0 52 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 60 1 61 1 0.0 69 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.8 0 8195.0 83 1 0.0 0.0 57 1 0.9 0 7221.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.7 0 6546.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 0 7643.7 0 6546.0 79 1 80 1 0.0 1 0.0 72 1 73 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.8 0 8195.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.9 0 2437.0 1 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 76 1 0.0 0.0 55 1 56 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.1 0 6185.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0 6546.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.9 0 3406.0 1 0 0.9 0 2088.0 62 1 63 1 0.0 0 0.0 53 1 54 1 0.0 0 1 0.9 0 2088.5 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 0.8 0 8195.0 1 0.Application Examples 216 Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 49 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 64 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 81 1 82 1 0.9 0 3406.

0 0 0.0 0 0.5 0 11596.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.5 0 2954.0 0.0 0.0 109 1 110 1 0.6 0 8258.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.9 0 9662.0 217 .8 0 9002.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 93 1 94 1 0.3 0 8740.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 118 1 0.0 92 1 0.0 104 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.7 0 8752.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 1 0.1 0 4548.0 0 1 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 3977.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.9 0 10940.0 0 0.0 0.5 0 10241.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.9 0 11596.0 1 0.0 102 1 103 1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0 4548.0 0 0.0 105 1 106 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.7 0 8752.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 97 1 98 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.8 0 2954.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 107 1 108 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.1 0 8505.0 85 1 86 1 0.0 0.0 0 10940.0 0 10940.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 99 1 0.5 0 11596.0 0.9 0 9662.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.9 0 11596.0 0.0 0 4684.0 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.6 0 2787.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 111 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 116 1 117 1 0.9 0 4820.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 84 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 88 1 89 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 112 1 113 1 0.0 1 0.7 0 11268.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.9 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0 0.2 0 2871.3 0 9263.0 0.6 0 8258.9 0 10940.0 0 1 0.5 0 11268.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.5 0 10241.0 1 0 0.7 0 9951.2 0 2787.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 100 1 101 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.3 0 9263.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 114 1 115 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 95 1 96 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.3 0 8740.0 87 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 90 1 91 1 0.0 0 0.

7 0 4631. LOADING COMBINATION 101 TOTAL LOAD 1 1. 32. 27 FY -4828.0 1 0.0 0 1 0. 47.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 4820. 39.0 120 1 121 1 0.2 LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -965.0 122 1 0. LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -74. 41.0 1 0 0. 48. 45. 47 54 82 FY -1175. 50. 55.8 0 1477.0 1 0. 33.0 0.0 0 0. 92 93 FY -912.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0. 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -1368. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 126/ 102/ 126 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.0 0. UNIT CM 57. 125 FY -2431.0 0.0 1 0.0 125 1 126 1 0. 37. 36. 40.0 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 29.0 1 0 0. 31.0 1 0.0 0. 120 121 FY -965. 51. 26 FY -2414.0 0 0.Application Examples 218 Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 119 1 0. 6 FY -2746.4 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0. 29 30 FY -912. 38.2 0 5798. 103 FY -2166. 53.0 0 1 0.0 0 0. 99 100 FY -1824.0 1 0. 22 23 FY -1824. 43. 8 9 FY -485.0 1 1 0.9 0 2410. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 56. 54.3 0 4376.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0. 42.2 0 5120.0 0. 48 55 76 83 FY -2350.5 0 5798.Part I . 52.0 1 0.0 0 0. 124 FY -1216.0 1 0.0 0.0 0. 113 114 FY -485. 34.0 0.0 0. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 33 56 378 . 35.0 123 1 124 1 0. 5 FY -1373. 46. 44. LOAD LIST 101 58. 104 FY -4333.0 0 0. 49.0 0 0.0 0. 2 1. 30.

58 0.6 ANGLE= -39.Pro.com * * * * North America support@bentley.312085E+00 -4.28 4.LENGTH UNITS= KNS CM STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.Example Problem 23 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 33 56 X-TRANS 101 101 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.27 1.97 5.0647 0. 67 67 CASE NO.0000 0.13 0.03 2.00 -1. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 34 101 TOP : BOTT: 67 SMAX= SMAX= 101 TOP : BOTT: SMAX= SMAX= SQX VONT TRESCAT SQY VONB TRESCAB -0.2 41.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.22 2.0000 0.co.com * ************************************************************ 219 .5860 -12.com * * Asia support@bentley.2476 X-ROTAN 0.02 2.0000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS -10.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 TMAX= TMAX= 63.0543 0.54 1.44 4.312085E+00 PLATE NO.com * * Europe support@bentley.0256 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.co.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.31 1.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.97 5.71 0.co.01 0.58 MX SX MY SY MXY SXY 2.13 -4.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.96 -1.43 0.54 SMIN= SMIN= 0.00 40.96 -0. 101 101 2.00 2.6 40.28 0.0000 Y-ROTAN -0.00 ANGLE= ANGLE= 41.64 0.13 0.0282 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 59.974997E+00 67 101 5.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.2 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 4.44 SMIN= SMIN= -0.00 18.443144E+00 67 101 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 60.0000 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.721572E+00 67 101 4.22 2.72 2.27 ANGLE= -39.03 4.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.72 88.31 TMAX= TMAX= 1.

Application Examples 220 Example Problem 23 NOTES .Part I .

Example Problem 24 Example Problem No. This example also illustrates the method for applying an “enforced” displacement on the structure. 221 . 24 This is an example of the analysis of a structure modelled using “SOLID” finite elements.

Part I . Y and Z coordinates are specified above. Y and Z axes.0 0.0 1.0 3.0 24 0.0 0.0 0.0 0. The word SOLID is used to signify that these are 8-noded solid elements as opposed to 3-noded or 4-noded plate elements.0 9 2.0 1.0 0.0 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 1. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.0 0.0 12 2.0 4 0.0 3.Application Examples 222 Example Problem 24 STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE PROBLEM USING SOLID ELEMENTS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.0 3.0 0.0 32 2.0 2.0 0.0 The joint number followed by the X. Each line contains the data for generating 3 elements.0 44 0.0 49 2.0 2.0 29 2. element number 1 is first defined by all of its 8 nodes. UNIT KNS MET The units for the data that follows are specified above.0 52 2. For example.0 21 0.0 0.0 45 1.0 3.0 8 1.0 2.0 0. increments of 1 to the . ELEMENT INCIDENCES SOLID 1 1 5 6 2 21 25 26 22 TO 3 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 TO 6 1 1 7 5 9 10 6 25 29 30 26 TO 9 1 1 10 25 29 30 26 45 49 50 46 TO 12 1 1 The incidences of solid elements are defined above.0 25 1.0 1.0 2.0 0.0 2.0 1.0 3. The coordinates of some of those nodes are generated utilizing the fact that they are equally spaced between the extremities.0 48 1.0 3.0 0.0 28 1.0 5 1.0 2.0 3.0 3.0 0.0 1.0 41 0.0 0. Then. The comment line which begins with an asterisk is an optional title to identify this project.0 3.

Poisson's Ratio. LOAD 1 SELF Y -1.0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000.Example Problem 24 joint number and 1 to the element number (the defaults) are used for generating incidences for elements 2 and 3. the details of the incidences and material property values of elements 1 to 5. Similarly. in a tabular form.5 ALL Following the command CONSTANTS above. The ENFORCED support condition is used to declare a point at which an enforced displacement load is applied later (see load case 3). 6. incidences of elements 4. 7 and 10 are defined while those of 5. 11 and 12 are generated.0 The above data describe a static load case. It consists of selfweight loading and a joint load. both in the negative global Y direction. SUPPORTS 1 5 21 25 29 41 45 49 PINNED 9 ENFORCED The above lines contain the data for supports for the model. LOAD 2 JOINT LOADS 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100. 9. CONSTANTS E 2.25 ALL DENSITY 7. the material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity).0 223 .1E7 ALL POIS 0. PRINT ELEMENT INFO SOLID LIST 1 TO 5 This command will enable us to obtain. 8. and Density are specified.

9 and 12.0 In Load case 4.32.0011 Load case 3 consists of an enforced displacement along the global X direction at node 9.Pro 2003 Technical Reference manual. Face 4 is defined as shown in the following table : FACE NUMBER 1 front 2 bottom 3 left 4 top 5 right 6 back f1 Jt 1 Jt 1 Jt 1 Jt 4 Jt 2 Jt 5 SURFACE JOINTS f2 f3 Jt 4 Jt 3 Jt 2 Jt 6 Jt 5 Jt 8 Jt 8 Jt 7 Jt 3 Jt 7 Jt 6 Jt 7 f4 Jt 2 Jt 5 Jt 4 Jt 3 Jt 6 Jt 8 The above table. 6.ft is applied on Face # 4 of solid elements 3.Application Examples 224 Example Problem 24 Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the positive global X direction. The displacement in the other enforced support degrees of freedom will default to zero. UNIT POUND FEET LOAD 4 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500.2 of the STAAD.Part I . LOAD 3 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX 0.3.0 3 1. a pressure load of 500 pounds/sq.0 2 1. and other details of this type of loading can be found in section 5. UNIT KNS MMS LOAD 5 REPEAT LOAD 1 1.0 .0 4 1.

consisting of total applied loading and total support reactions from each primary load case is requested along with the instructions to carry out a linear static analysis. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 through 4 acting simultaneously. the program computes the displacements by multiplying the inverted stiffness matrix by the load vector built for the REPEAT LOAD case. should be handled using REPEAT LOAD cases.0 2 1.0 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100. factoring them. In other words. While the syntax of this might look very similar to that of the REPEAT LOAD case shown in case 5.0 Load case 10 is a combination load case. not load combination cases.0 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX .Example Problem 24 Load case 5 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier. and then algebraically summing them up. forces.0011 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500.0 LOAD COMB 10 1 1. the program merely calculates the end results (displacements. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK A static equilibrium report. This difference in approach is quite important in that non-linear problems such as PDELTA ANALYSIS. which combines the effects of cases 1 & 2. reactions) by gathering up the corresponding values from the individual components of the combination case. In a REPEAT LOAD case. But in solving load combination cases. MEMBER TENSION and MEMBER COMPRESSION situations. the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 5 SELF Y -1.0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000. changes in support conditions etc. 225 . there is a fundamental difference.

The results will be printed for all the load cases. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. The word SOLID is used to signify that these are solid elements as opposed to plate or shell elements. UNIT NEWTON MMS PRINT ELEMENT JOINT STRESS SOLID LIST 4 6 This command requests the program to provide the element stress results at the nodes of elements 4 and 6. .Application Examples 226 Example Problem 24 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 8 9 Global displacements at nodes 8 and 9 are obtained using the above command.Part I . UNIT KNS METER PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS Reactions at the supports are obtained using the above command.

5000E+00 0.0 0. 10. 17.0 3. 6.Example Problem 24 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 2.0 12 2.0000E+00 0.5000E+00 7.0 3.0011 DENSITY ALPHA 7.0 1.0 0.5000E+00 7.0 0.0 49 2.0000000E+00 0.0 32 2. -------------------ALL UNITS ARE .0 1. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 0.0 0.25 ALL DENSITY 7. 8. 7. 21.0000E+00 227 . 23.0 0.0 3. 20.0 0.0000000E+00 0.0 9 2. 26.0 1. 4. 3.0 1.1000002E+07 2.0 0.0 3.0 52 2.1000002E+07 2. 31. 2.1E7 ALL POIS 0.0000E+00 0.0 3.0 1.5 ALL PRINT ELEMENT INFO SOLID LIST 1 TO 5 ELEMENT NODE-1 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 21 22 NODE-2 NODE-3 5 6 7 25 26 6 7 8 26 27 NODE-4 NODE-5 2 3 4 22 23 3 6 1 1 9 1 1 12 1 1 NODE-6 21 22 23 41 42 NODE-7 25 26 27 45 46 26 27 28 46 47 NODE-8 22 23 24 42 43 MATERIAL PROPERTIES.0000000E+00 0.0 5 1. 30.0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000. Intl. 13.0 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 25. STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE PROBLEM USING SOLID ELEMENTS UNIT KNS MET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0000000E+00 SUPPORTS 1 5 21 25 29 41 45 49 PINNED 9 ENFORCED LOAD 1 SELF Y -1.0 2.0 0. 28.0 24 0.1000002E+07 MODULUS OF RIGIDITY 0.0 41 0. 18. 29.0 2. 34.0 28 1. 16.0 48 1.0 LOAD 3 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX 0. 15.0000E+00 0.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES SOLID 1 1 5 6 2 21 25 26 22 TO 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 TO 7 5 9 10 6 25 29 30 26 TO 10 25 29 30 26 45 49 50 46 TO CONSTANTS E 2. 32. 27.5000E+00 7.0 2.5000E+00 7.0 2.0 0.0 4 0.0 8 1. 35. 33.0 0.0 25 1.0 1.0 3. 12.0 45 1. 11. 36.0 0.1000002E+07 2.0 21 0.0 3. 19.0 3.KNS MET ELEMENT 1 2 3 4 5 24.0 29 2.0 2.0 3.0000000E+00 0.0 LOAD 2 JOINT LOADS 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100. 22.0 44 0. YOUNG'S MODULUS 2.1000002E+07 2.0 0.0000E+00 0. 5.0 0. 9. 14.

97 MZ= 1 2 ) -1799999. 40.12983E-03 Y = -1.0 LOAD COMB 10 1 1.98 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0. 38.00 = -1090.00 0.12983E-03 RX= 0.Some or all of the rotational zero stiffness warnings may be due to solid elements in the model. 44.0 4 1.NO. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.0 2 1. 42.NO.NO. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 87 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 4 AT JOINT 9 EQN.98 MY= 0.93 2 .00 MY= 899999.00000E+00 RY= 0.Application Examples 228 Example Problem 24 37.00000E+00 RZ= 0. 23 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN. 22 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( MAXIMUMS AT X = -1. 24 Note .00000E+00 1 ) 1089999. 43.0 3 1. 46.00 MZ= 1 ) -1089999. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 900.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 36/ 12/ 9 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 5. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0. Solids do not have rotational stiffnesses at nodes. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 5 AT JOINT 9 EQN.00 0. 39.Part I . 45.0 UNIT KNS MMS LOAD 5 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. 41. UNIT POUND FEET LOAD 4 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 1089999.98 MY= 0.98 CM /RADIANS) (LOADING NODE 23 28 7 0 0 0 1) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.0 2 1.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 1090. 47.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -1089999. STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00 = 0.01204E-02 Z = 1.

00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.22892E-02 4 Y = 7.76 0.00 3 ) SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.00 MY= -899999.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 95760.00000E+00 0 3) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.17652E-05 Y = -3.00 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 1.00 MZ= 0.00 -95.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.93 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 2.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.52 MY= 0. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 0.52 4) 4 229 .00000E+00 0 2) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00000E+00 4 ) -95760.00 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 0.Example Problem 24 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = -900.00 MY= 0.00000E+00 0 RY= 0.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00 MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.21497E-02 6 Z = 1.00000E+00 RY= 0.00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.52 MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00000E+00 0 RY= 0.00 0.52 MY= 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00 MZ= CM /RADIANS) (LOADING NODE 50 28 50 0 0 0 3 3 ) 4 ) 95760.00 0.97 MZ= 2 ) 1799999.49033E-04 10 RX= 0.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( MAXIMUMS AT X = 3.00 95.00 MY= 0.83934E-03 4 Z = 9.35288E-04 Z = -3.10000E-01 9 Y = -1.76 0.00000E+00 RZ= 0.17652E-05 RX= 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -95760.61372E-02 24 RX= 0.

00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 8 9 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 8 9 LOAD 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 X-TRANS 0.0000 X-ROTAN 0.0393 0.32 -62.0010 0.0200 0.0000 0.0000 0.05 -72.90 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 1185760.0000 0.0193 0.24 -202.0000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS -0.00 0.76 = 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.0000 0.Application Examples 230 Example Problem 24 STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.0001 -0.0000 0.85 -0.0000 0.0049 -0.0000 0.43 5) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 48.0000 0.00 0.18 -119.0000 0.63 -181.27 1.0000 0.00 0.37 -232.0000 0.30 135.0008 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.67 -30.67 -31.00 = -1185.00 .00000E+00 0 RY= 0.00 0.0000 0.79 -2.00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.00 0.97 MZ= 5 5 ) -2985760.0000 0.00 0.0009 0.66887E-02 12 Z = 1.00 0.00 -62.97 902.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -1185760.00 0.68 -16.50 MY= 899999.0000 0.1100 0.0009 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 49.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.20 6.0003 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.52 -94.00 0.0000 0.0081 -0.13 146. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 5 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 16.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 1185. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 900.05 -228.Part I .00 0.32 -1641.10000E-01 9 Y = -1.0000 0. UNIT KNS METER 50.0000 0.0000 0.48 11.05 42.00 0.00 -1703.62734E-02 4 RX= 0.00 0.00000E+00 0 5 ) 2985760.25 11.0000 0.24 -1.43 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = -900.00 0.0000 Y-ROTAN 0.0089 0.76 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.0000 0.42 743.19 0.0000 0.0000 RADIANS) Y-TRANS -0.00 0.0000 0.50 MY= -899999.00 0.32 74.52 -256.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.63 26.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0062 -0.98 -263.0200 0.94 -56.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.1100 0.00 0.0000 0.87 -158.00 0.0000 0.00 0.13 -31.0000 0.97 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 1.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.311 -0.34 807.52 -176.37 226.00 0.63 -425.00 -105.00 384.70 0.42 -75.18 -159.79 -138.00 0.004 -0.003 -0.00 -1097.25 431.52 -143.98 185.014 -0.46 -26.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.707 -0.24 261.00 0.00 16.269 -0.011 -0.97 83.00 -187.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 51.76 2.83 -1.00 0.05 -42.00 0.046 S2= -0.00 0.40 135.08 0.00 0.97 -595.280 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 300.280 -0.00 0.00 0.90 16.095 -0.00 0.52 0.59 74.02 -97. UNIT NEWTON MMS 52.00 0.00 0.00 1 2 3 4 5 10 -16.52 0.00 0.009 -0.00 384.52 9.00 0.00 0.35 -77.00 0.00 0.00 0.77 -61.36 11.78 -56.75 -97.00 0.204 -0.00 0.63 514.05 -45.03 119.016 -0.00 0.00 0.011 -0.00 0.00 0.005 0.008 -0.00 0.18 -202.00 0.00 0.005 0.003 0.26 0.00 -31.80 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.63 -547.00 -187.00 0. PRINT ELEMENT JOINT STRESS SOLID LIST 4 6 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 -0.05 -81.00 -62.021 0.00 0.98 -459.85 -170.00 0.00 0.97 629.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 -1.00 0.088 -0.85 0.00 0.12 1.00 0.04 0.00 0.002 -0.84 61.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.003 -0.52 3818.68 74.12 16.301 -0.004 0.32 -43.005 0.076 -0.00 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.24 -89.009 0.00 0.003 0.00 0.011 -0.003 -0.98 11.35 3916.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 -158.707 0.011 0.40 146.009 -0.011 -0.34 51.77 566.27 -2.27 390.12 31.24 1.32 -16.99 6.00 0.00 0.00 -1919.00 -2057.00 0.076 -0.89 300.25 11.214 -0.20 11.095 -0.223 0.011 4 1 CENTER S1= DC= -0.51 524.046 -0.26 -128.00 0.00 0.00 0.95 -1.00 0.008 0.00 0.00 0.05 -23.52 1250.00 0.03 135.00 0.37 226.38 6.269 SE= -0.00 0.008 -0.52 181.000 0.088 -0.00 0.00 0.051 S3= -0.07 0.00 0.84 -292.61 0.00 0.00 0.016 0.26 0.05 -81.92 -334.00 0.13 6.000 0.009 -0.00 0.707 231 .00 0.00 0.00 -1097.002 0.67 -273.58 251.008 -0.00 -138.17 2.280 -0.00 0.Example Problem 24 JOINT LOAD 21 25 29 41 45 49 9 FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 31.24 -855.85 1.00 0.041 0.00 0.00 0.85 -159.280 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 1313.00 0.005 0.00 0.87 21.00 0.30 135.36 -62.00 0.19 0.52 -184.00 0.37 -232.098 -0.00 0.00 0.098 -0.70 0.00 0.05 -72.00 0.05 45.25 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.003 -0.61 -16.00 0.00 0.00 0.707 0.00 0.08 0.24 207.97 -315.13 31.00 0.001 -0.40 74.00 0.001 0.00 0.25 -450.00 0.

024 -0.036 0.000 0.000 -0.008 0.162 -0.661 0.020 0.014 SE= 0.006 0.606 0.355 0.045 0.001 -0.051 0.024 -0.188 -0.386 0.183 0.008 -0.026 -0.001 -0.602 0.259 0.001 -0.597 0.334 -0.630 0.000 0.003 0.Application Examples 232 Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.001 -0.994 0.001 -0.004 S2= -0.031 1.313 4 3 CENTER S1= DC= 0.008 0.011 0.005 -0.054 -0.724 -0.062 0.014 0.102 0.040 0.008 -0.004 S3= -0.704 0.165 0.022 0.649 0.298 -0.000 0.001 0.284 0.Part I .525 0.251 0.328 0.106 0.000 0.001 0.976 0.125 0.082 0.705 0.332 0.000 0.024 -0.022 -0.030 0.027 0.024 -0.024 SE= -0.376 0.005 -0.360 -0.082 -0.403 0.515 0.003 -0.011 -0.452 -0.070 0.022 -0.343 0.138 0.186 -0.064 -0.474 0.147 -0.234 -0.228 0.014 0.001 0.060 0.001 0.099 S2= 0.240 0.008 -0.705 1.066 0.152 S2= 0.001 -0.001 -0.078 -0.176 0.247 4 2 CENTER S1= DC= 0.741 -0.001 -0.330 0.425 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 -0.472 0.257 0.001 -0.490 0.255 0.365 0.170 -0.617 0.285 0.036 0.020 0.001 4 4 CENTER S1= DC= -0.053 1.215 0.000 0.001 -0.512 1.006 -0.217 0.161 0.225 -0.001 -0.258 0.878 0.001 0.499 0.236 4 10 CENTER S1= DC= -0.822 0.001 -0.064 0.602 0.221 0.024 -0.242 0.707 0.867 0.008 -0.067 0.089 0.354 0.255 0.247 0.007 0.102 0.029 -0.008 0.082 0.026 -0.795 0.324 -0.189 0.498 1.026 -0.227 -0.703 0.128 SE= 0.518 -0.516 -0.029 -0.225 -0.053 S2= 0.220 0.716 0.345 0.283 -0.255 0.016 -0.002 -0.030 -0.219 0.675 0.060 -0.296 0.244 0.300 0.008 0.092 1.809 -0.210 -0.015 0.951 0.034 -0.165 -0.129 0.093 0.366 -0.001 0.153 0.015 0.538 0.065 0.022 -0.001 -0.001 -0.705 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.000 0.472 0.001 -0.751 0.243 SE= -0.024 -0.435 0.286 -0.016 0.028 -0.586 0.210 0.016 0.001 -0.090 -0.050 -0.152 -0.087 0.099 1.054 -0.019 0.041 S3= 0.027 -0.004 -0.010 -0.047 0.511 0.014 0.036 -0.001 0.034 -0.228 -0.071 0.011 SE= 0.021 0.327 0.088 0.238 0.038 -0.147 0.506 0.021 -0.235 -0.249 0.191 0.056 0.129 0.123 -0.618 0.012 0.093 S3= 0.054 S3= 0.005 -0.055 0.107 -0.565 0.001 -0.016 0.001 -0.469 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.908 0.487 0.123 0.806 -0.201 S2= 0.023 -0.574 -0.998 .707 0.000 0.011 0.054 0.036 0.143 0.103 0.046 0.372 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.228 0.237 -0.040 -0.009 0.076 0.321 0.001 -0.012 0.011 0.223 0.324 1.153 0.005 -0.928 0.133 -0.000 0.218 0.036 0.008 0.685 0.551 0.114 0.744 0.132 0.101 S3= 0.035 1.001 -0.000 0.036 0.160 0.253 0.760 -0.045 -0.154 -0.548 4 5 CENTER S1= DC= 0.024 0.589 0.

025 -0.088 -0.294 -0.002 -0.000 0.177 0.001 S3= 0.014 -0.024 -0.106 -0.458 0.819 0.000 0.160 -0.158 -0.005 0.126 -0.057 0.971 -0.051 0.707 0.000 0.005 -0.489 0.136 0.102 0.402 0.030 0.707 -0.174 -0.329 0.010 -0.024 -0.065 0.024 -0.065 0.000 0.000 0.428 -0.183 0.210 S3= -0.323 -0.096 -0.053 -0.000 0.049 -0.233 -0.181 -0.312 -0.005 -0.057 0.233 -0.000 0.023 -0.109 0.341 SE= -0.098 -0.000 -0.274 -0.049 -0.014 -0.397 -0.190 0.056 -0.072 -0.317 -0.000 0.043 -0.000 0.007 -0.024 SE= 0.108 0.125 -0.363 -0.018 0.134 0.018 -0.013 -0.707 0.000 6 4 CENTER S1= DC= 0.014 -0.033 0.024 0.028 -0.329 -0.165 233 .402 -0.023 0.069 0.024 -0.051 -0.057 -0.232 -0.020 -0.507 0.051 -0.035 -0.707 -0.060 0.056 -0.901 -0.254 -0.552 -0.053 0.081 0.000 0.008 0.273 -0.000 0.000 0.047 -0.149 0.005 0.317 -0.213 SE= -0.000 0.076 0.000 0.060 -0.047 S2= -0.000 0.819 -0.000 0.314 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 -0.770 6 5 CENTER S1= DC= -0.056 0.003 0.031 0.497 -0.039 -0.043 -0.000 0.128 -0.076 0.000 0.014 -0.708 -1.619 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 -0.081 -0.032 -0.000 0.420 -0.000 -0.496 -0.031 0.136 -0.000 0.550 -0.012 -0.001 -0.253 6 1 CENTER S1= DC= -0.003 -0.000 0.000 S3= 0.619 0.182 0.014 0.046 0.064 0.042 -0.018 -0.010 -0.003 -0.040 0.001 S3= 0.230 -0.043 -0.497 0.032 0.428 0.152 -0.273 -0.004 -0.041 -0.000 0.429 -0.428 -1.085 -0.202 -0.053 6 3 CENTER S1= DC= -0.115 -0.707 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.009 -0.674 0.051 0.073 0.112 -0.000 0.006 -0.007 0.082 -0.064 -0.000 0.813 -1.112 -0.484 0.077 0.316 0.789 0.484 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.314 0.052 0.027 -0.119 0.000 0.874 -0.000 0.335 0.041 0.334 -0.046 S3= -0.061 0.670 -0.012 -0.320 0.000 0.102 0.021 -0.464 6 2 CENTER S1= DC= -0.707 0.101 0.670 0.056 0.005 S2= -0.181 -0.024 -0.802 -0.033 0.000 0.397 -0.038 0.082 -0.019 -0.351 SE= 0.013 -0.428 -0.422 0.046 -0.021 -0.024 0.055 -0.463 -1.000 0.000 0.000 0.112 -0.126 0.083 -0.146 -0.263 0.928 -0.051 S2= -0.585 -0.000 0.030 0.006 -0.024 -0.098 -0.103 -0.000 -0.163 0.000 0.140 -0.253 -0.003 -0.078 -0.100 -0.052 -0.291 -0.076 0.017 0.016 0.024 0.094 0.019 -0.082 0.514 -0.253 0.323 -0.001 -0.019 -0.042 SE= -0.108 0.064 0.196 0.000 0.550 0.146 -0.Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.105 0.000 S2= 0.160 -0.160 -0.041 -0.000 0.060 0.609 -0.000 0.013 -0.047 0.000 0.000 0.040 -0.002 0.001 S2= -0.091 -0.242 -0.083 0.000 0.000 -0.051 -0.016 -0.236 -0.000 0.000 0.024 -0.048 0.341 0.092 0.000 0.552 0.

co.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.083 -0.128 -0.401 -0.052 S2= -0.457 -0.278 -0.323 0.350 -0.129 -0.540 -1.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.822 0.285 -0.049 -0.028 -0.733 -1.245 -0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.879 -0.com * * Asia support@bentley.259 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.255 -0.234 0.013 -0.262 -0.472 0.469 -0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.203 -0.411 0.co.111 -0.025 -0.034 -0.177 -0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * * * North America support@bentley.039 -0.717 6 10 CENTER S1= DC= -0.399 -0.206 S3= -0.029 -0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.217 53.240 -0.Pro.204 -0.044 -0.119 -0.526 -0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.055 0.822 -0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.279 -0.037 0.034 0.735 0.015 -0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.084 0.304 -0.Application Examples 234 Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.005 0.co.298 SE= 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.Part I .com * ************************************************************ .555 0.479 0.046 -0.070 0.032 -0.108 0.120 -0.388 0.605 -0.317 -0.766 -0.036 0.

25 This example demonstrates the usage of compression-only members. Since the structural condition is load dependent. the PERFORM ANALYSIS command is specified once for each primary load case. 235 .Verification Problem 25 Example Problem No.

Consequently. The second line is an optional comment line. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. the set of ‘active’ members (and hence the stiffness matrix) is load case dependent. 5 5. It is important to note that the analysis can be done for only 1 load case at a time.0 .25 0 Joint coordinates of joints 1 to 6 are defined above. the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. 6 5.25 7. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command).Application Examples 236 Example Problem 25 This example has been created to illustrate the command specification for a structure with certain members capable of carrying compressive force only.5 . 3 0 7. 2 0 3. To accommodate these requirements. UNIT METER KNS Units for the commands to follow are specified above. . it is necessary to have 2 commands. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases.0 .5 . one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 4 5. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command.25 3. Also. This is because.Part I . This structure is a PLANE frame. STAAD PLANE * EXAMPLE FOR COMPRESSION-ONLY MEMBERS The input data is initiated with the word STAAD.

Hence for each load case. it is disabled from the structure and the analysis is carried out again with the modified structure. any of the members 6 to 9 is found to be carrying a tensile force. CONSTANTS E STEEL ALL DEN STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Following the command CONSTANTS. SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED Joints 1 and 6 are declared as pinned-supported. 9 3 5 . density and Poisson’s ratio are specified. the built-in default value of steel is assigned. 237 . material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity). 8 2 4 . In this case. 10 2 5 The members 1 to 10 are defined along with the joints they are connected to. MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 TO 10 TA ST UC152X152X30 Members 1 to 10 are assigned the UC152X152X30 section from the British steel table. MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are defined as COMPRESSION-only members. 6 1 5 .Verification Problem 25 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 . 7 2 6 . if during the analysis.

joint loads are applied in the negative global X direction at joints 4 and 5. Next. PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE The instruction to analyze the structure is specified again. . any compression-only members that were inactivated during the second analysis (due to the fact that they were subjected to tensile axial forces) are re-activated with the CHANGE command. LOAD 2 JOINT LOAD 4 FX -45 5 FX -70 In load case 2.Application Examples 238 Example Problem 25 LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 Load 1 is defined above and consists of joint loads in the global X direction at joints 2 and 3. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above structure is analyzed for load case 1. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case. The members with the compression-only attribute are specified again.Part I . these members cannot be accessed for further processing. Without the re-activation. CHANGE MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 One or more among the members 6 to 9 may have been in-activated in the previous analysis.

239 . We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 and 2 acting simultaneously. In other words. the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 3 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 4 FX -45 5 FX -70 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is carried out for load case 3. LOAD LIST ALL At the end of any analysis. The LOAD LIST ALL command enables all the load cases in the structure to be made active for further processing.Verification Problem 25 LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. support reactions and member forces to the output file. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. are recognized as the "active" load cases. CHANGE The members inactivated during the analysis of load case 3 are reactivated for further processing.0 Load case 3 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently.0 2 1. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The program is instructed to write the joint displacements.

LOAD LIST ALL 39. 1. 4.5 . 10 2 5 MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 TO 10 TA ST UC152X152X30 CONSTANTS E STEEL ALL DEN STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 10/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = **START ITERATION NO. JOINT LOAD 29. 2.25 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 . 17. 7 2 6 .Application Examples 240 Example Problem 25 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 6 5. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 24. 35.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 5 FX -70 31. 9 3 5 . 5. 36. 23.25 3.0 . 15. Intl.5 . 6 1 5 . 19. 3. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS . 22. Case= 3 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 32. 14. 6.0 . 14 CHANGE LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. 4 FX -45 30. 4 5. 7. 9. 3 0 7. CHANGE 25. 34. 33. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO.0 2 1. 2 iterations.Part I . 10. 13. 2 0 3. 11. 8. Case= 2 1 iterations. Case= 1 2 iterations. 21. 18. 20. 12.25 7. STAAD PLANE * EXAMPLE FOR COMPRESSION-ONLY MEMBERS UNIT METER KNS SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 8 2 4 . 16. MEMBER COMPRESSION 26. CHANGE 38. 5 5. 6 TO 9 27. LOAD 2 28.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 37. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.

00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.12 -0.0000 0.0000 0.15 0.00 0.0609 0.0005 0.00 0.12 -0.24 0.87 10.79 -0.0000 0.12 -0.00 0.00 0.12 0.67 0.00 0.33 0.00 0.00 0.1946 0.45 0.00 0.2959 -0.00 0.0135 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0082 -0.00 106.0002 0.13 -0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.73 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.2959 0.00 0.00 0.49 11.00 0.0000 0.12 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.87 0.0000 0.0000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------- STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE X-ROTAN 0.1648 -0.38 -114.0000 0.0000 0.49 11.0000 0.22 -6.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0002 0.0000 0.00 0.12 0.0000 JOINT Z-TRANS 0.00 0.22 -30.03 4 5 4 5 4 5 0.67 106.0000 0.03 -0.08 -0.00 0.03 -0.00 0.15 -29.0000 0.00 0.0093 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.91 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -106.1648 -0.49 0.67 30.15 -0.0003 0.0000 0.91 29.00 0.45 0.00 0.08 -0.00 0.0000 0.00 -0.0000 0.21 0.79 -27.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0135 0.00 0.49 0.00 0.0001 -0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0003 0.67 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 1 6 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.2960 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0135 0.0609 -0.08 2 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 241 .00 0.00 0.0141 0.38 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.00 0.0475 -0.45 -0.21 0.00 0.00 0.24 -0.0000 -0.33 -0.03 0.0093 0.03 0.00 0.0000 0.15 -11.33 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.15 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.12 -0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0005 0.94 0.0000 0.00 0.0031 0.15 -0.0003 0.00 0.45 -0.0000 0.03 -0.00 0.91 -11.0141 0.00 0.03 0.0000 0.00 0.09 2 3 2 3 2 3 -29.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 METE Y-ROTAN 0.24 0.91 29.0082 -0.Verification Problem 25 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 2 3 4 5 6 X-TRANS RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.00 0.00 0.0475 0.0000 0.0003 0.13 114.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.1946 -0.0000 0.94 6.0000 0.08 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0007 0.00 0.45 -0.2960 -0.24 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0003 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.33 0.0000 0.0000 0.38 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.13 -0.00 0.67 -106.0003 0.0000 0.12 27.0007 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 -0.03 0.0031 0.00 0.0000 0.38 -106.0000 0.00 0.03 3 4 3 4 3 4 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 -10.15 -0.0000 0.67 106.0000 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.0135 0.00 -0.0000 0.0001 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -0.00 0.

co.00 0.Application Examples 242 Example Problem 25 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.81 -137.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.00 0.00 0.82 -0.67 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.51 -12.72 0.00 0.01 0.81 0.00 0.01 2 3 6 1 2 3 7 1 2 3 8 1 2 3 9 1 2 3 10 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 40.51 0.00 0.00 0.55 42.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 0.66 -53.00 0.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.00 0.81 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.94 0.00 0.00 0.21 -0.00 -0.00 20.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 0.co.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.51 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 5 2 5 2 5 -44.00 0.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 137.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.55 44.31 0.45 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 -53.00 0.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 53.00 0.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 0.22 -30.00 0.00 0.Pro.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 12.29 -0.72 -20.00 0.00 0.22 -106.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 -137.00 0.00 0.67 106.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 5 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 5 6 30.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.com * ************************************************************ . please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 53.94 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.55 -44.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 0.00 1 5 1 5 1 5 0.13 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.72 0.00 0.51 -12.com * * * * North America support@bentley.82 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.21 -0.66 20.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 0.29 -42.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.55 44.00 0.66 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.72 -20.31 -0.00 0.00 0.00 137.

26 The structure in this example is a building consisting of member columns as well as floors made up of beam members and plate elements.Example Problem 26 Example Problem No. 243 . the floors are specified to be rigid diaphragms for inplane actions but flexible for bending actions. Using the master-slave command.

112 54 38 114 115 58 42 117 . 100 38 22 102 . 64 26 30 66 . 55 10 14 57 . 4 5 6 6 . . 40 53 54 42 43 57 58 45 . Y and Z axes. 73 42 46 75 . 37 49 50 39 . 103 42 26 105 106 46 30 108 . The second line is an optional title to identify this project. 10 13 14 12 13 17 18 15 . MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 3 . 67 34 38 69 70 38 42 72 . 58 18 22 60 61 22 26 63 . 49 2 6 51 52 6 10 54 . JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 4 0 48 0 REPEAT 3 24 0 0 REPEAT ALL 3 0 0 24 DELETE JOINT 21 25 37 41 The joint numbers and coordinates are specified above. 46 61 62 48 . The unwanted joints.Application Examples 244 Example Problem 26 STAAD SPACE *MODELING RIGID DIAPHRAGMS USING MASTER SLAVE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 91 26 10 93 . 94 30 14 96 97 34 18 99 . 22 29 30 24 . created during the generation process used above. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 109 50 34 111 . 25 33 34 27 34 45 46 36 . are then deleted. 82 58 62 84 . 7 9 10 9 . UNITS KIP FT Specify units for the following data. 118 62 46 120 The MEMBER INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying MEMBER connectivities. 85 18 2 87 88 22 6 90 . 76 50 54 78 79 54 58 81 .Part I .

and Density are specified.75 The thickness of the plate elements is specified above. CONSTANTS E STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 POISSON STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 BETA 90. ELEMENT PROP 152 TO 178 THICK 0.0 MEMB 13 14 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 39 E CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 Following the command CONSTANTS above.Example Problem 26 ELEMENT INCI 152 50 34 38 54 TO 154 155 54 38 42 58 TO 157 158 58 42 46 62 TO 160 161 34 18 22 38 TO 163 164 38 22 26 42 TO 166 167 42 26 30 46 TO 169 170 18 2 6 22 TO 172 173 22 6 10 26 TO 175 176 26 10 14 30 TO 178 The ELEMENT INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying plate element connectivities. MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 48 TA ST W14X90 49 TO 120 TABLE ST W27X84 All members are WIDE FLANGE sections whose properties are obtained from the built in American steel table. the material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity). Poisson's Ratio. Built-in default values for steel and concrete 245 .

0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 24 JOINTS YR 47.Part I . It consists of joint loads in the global Z direction.0 46 47 48 58 59 60 FZ 30. The floors may still resist out-of-plane bending actions flexibly. LOADING 1 LATERAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 14 15 16 50 51 52 62 63 64 FZ 10.0 The 3 floors of the structure are specified to act as rigid diaphragms in the ZX plane with the corresponding master joint specified.0 22 23 24 26 27 28 38 39 40 42 43 44 FZ 40.0 26 27 28 42 43 44 FZ 60.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 23 JOINTS YR 31.Application Examples 246 Example Problem 26 for these quantities are assigned. SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 22 JOINTS YR 15.0 34 35 36 46 47 48 54 55 56 58 59 60 FZ 20.0 14 15 16 62 63 64 FZ 15.0 The above data describe a static load case.0 33. The associated slave joints in a floor are specified by the YRANGE parameter.0 34 35 36 54 55 56 FZ 10.0 17. The orientation of some of the members is set using the BETA angle command. LOADING 2 TORSIONAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 50 51 52 FZ 5.0 10 11 12 30 31 32 FZ 30.0 6 7 8 10 11 12 18 19 20 30 31 32 FZ 20.0 22 23 24 38 39 40 FZ 20.0 49. SUPPORTS 1 TO 17 BY 4 29 33 45 TO 61 BY 4 FIXED The supports at the above mentioned joints are declared as fixed.0 .0 6 7 8 18 19 20 FZ 10.

It consists of plate element pressure on a floor in the negative global Y direction. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. then print support reactions at selected joints. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated.0 The above data describe a static load case. It consists of joint loads that create a torsional loading on the structure. LOADING 3 DEAD LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 152 TO 178 PRESS GY -1. PRINT JOINT DISP LIST 4 TO 60 BY 8 PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 116 115 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 9 57 Print displacements at selected joints. 247 .Example Problem 26 The above data describe a static load case. then print member forces for two members.

0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 24 JOINTS YR 47.0 33. 7 9 10 9 . 3. 58 18 22 60 61 22 26 63 . 6.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 40. 34. 109 50 34 111 . 61.0 6 7 8 10 11 12 18 19 20 30 31 32 FZ 20. 8. 50. 22 29 30 24 . 20. 10 13 14 12 13 17 18 15 . 28. 59. 18. 47. 38. 54. 4 5 6 6 .0 LOADING 2 TORSIONAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 50 51 52 FZ 5. 41. 112 54 38 114 115 58 42 117 .0 6 7 8 18 19 20 FZ 10. 16. 25. 45.Part I . 85 18 2 87 88 22 6 90 . 49 2 6 51 52 6 10 54 . 57. 21. 64 26 30 66 . 32. 37 49 50 39 . 44. 23. 7. 91 26 10 93 . 12. 4. 39. 22. 26. 37. 24.0 14 15 16 62 63 64 FZ 15.0 . 25 33 34 27 34 45 46 36 . 51. 118 62 46 120 ELEMENT INCI 152 50 34 38 54 TO 154 155 54 38 42 58 TO 157 158 58 42 46 62 TO 160 161 34 18 22 38 TO 163 164 38 22 26 42 TO 166 167 42 26 30 46 TO 169 170 18 2 6 22 TO 172 173 22 6 10 26 TO 175 176 26 10 14 30 TO 178 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 48 TA ST W14X90 49 TO 120 TABLE ST W27X84 ELEMENT PROP 152 TO 178 THICK 0. 27. 73 42 46 75 . 30. 2.0 34 35 36 46 47 48 54 55 56 58 59 60 FZ 20.0 17. 11. 14. Intl. 46. 29. 36.Application Examples 248 Example Problem 26 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 31. 40 53 54 42 43 57 58 45 .75 CONSTANTS E STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 POISSON STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 BETA 90. 48. 35. 42. 5.0 MEMB 13 14 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 39 E CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 SUPPORTS 1 TO 17 BY 4 29 33 45 TO 61 BY 4 FIXED SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 22 JOINTS YR 15. 67 34 38 69 70 38 42 72 . 53.0 22 23 24 26 27 28 38 39 40 42 43 44 FZ 40. 103 42 26 105 106 46 30 108 . 52. 10. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 49. 76 50 54 78 79 54 58 81 . 55. 19.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 23 JOINTS YR 31. 17. 15. 9.0 LOADING 1 LATERAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 14 15 16 50 51 52 62 63 64 FZ 10. 46 61 62 48 . 60. 56.0 10 11 12 30 31 32 FZ 30. 58.0 49. 33. 82 58 62 84 . 43. 100 38 22 102 . 55 10 14 57 . 94 30 14 96 97 34 18 99 . STAAD SPACE *MODELING RIGID DIAPHRAGMS USING MASTER SLAVE UNITS KIP FT JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 4 0 48 0 REPEAT 3 24 0 0 REPEAT ALL 3 0 0 24 DELETE JOINT 21 25 37 41 MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 3 . 13.

68.00503 -0.00041 -0.00625 0.73 5.00 0.09261 0.0 26 27 28 42 43 44 FZ 60.0 LOADING 3 DEAD LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 152 TO 178 PRESS GY -1.10 129.00363 -0.33161 -0.00 0.21215 -0. PRINT JOINT DISP LIST 4 TO 60 BY 8 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 4 12 20 28 36 44 52 60 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 X-TRANS Y-TRANS 0.00363 -0.88242 0.00 0.00 -0.23216 0.32 0.82 1835.00 0.04712 0.00088 -0.32 0.51350 -0.83 1407.96702 -0.02065 -0.08468 -0.00102 0.00 198.49676 0.14 -137.00159 0.02166 1.58 2 3 115 1 58 0.00 0.00 125.45046 -0.45739 8.00057 -0.87442 -0.08128 -0.50252 -0. 63.00167 -0.00363 -0.02678 -0.00041 -0.00363 -0.00031 -0.00 322.00 0.02679 -0.00 -0.84 -85.00 0.23216 0.09027 8.70 0.01 42 0.34 -129. 69.00245 0.00036 -0.00041 -0.00014 0.00363 -0.00 0.70 0.13263 6.00 0.00056 -0.00 0.00363 -0.32921 8.00120 0.00 0.13263 6.00140 -0.00 -125.00 0.07454 0.00001 0.0 46 47 48 58 59 60 FZ 30.00002 0.00056 -0.00031 0.13 1173.59584 0. 67.09268 -21.00 -8.94 0.01 58 0. 34 35 36 54 55 56 FZ 10.00025 -0.00008 -0.00059 -0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 153 70.00 7.00046 -0.02115 -1.00452 -0.00 0.00108 0.00 0.96702 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.04704 -0.32921 8.25499 -0.00041 -0.KIP FEET (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 116 1 59 43 59 43 59 43 0.88 -137.00649 0.27 1696.07792 0.00 0.45739 8.06978 -0.00056 -0.33161 -0.73 -4.00 -7.49676 0.00 0.23 -85.07823 -0.00791 -0.00017 -0.09027 8.00028 0.39 0.39 0.07468 -0.86677 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 8.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 60/ 135/ 12 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 3.86713 0.00056 -0.45739 8.04716 0.13263 6. PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 116 115 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.34 42 0.64214 -0.Example Problem 26 62.00 0.86781 -0.09027 8.04609 1.25499 -0.00792 0.10 -5.06978 -0.01 3 58 0.00024 0.01 42 0.04919 0.00103 0.09027 0.00495 -0.06556 -1.96702 -0. 64.00 0.19363 -0.59584 0.00056 -0.00090 0.87442 -0.96702 -0.00 -0.02716 0.07454 0.09261 0.38 208.32 0.00 4.64214 -0.00 0.00056 -0.02679 -0.00054 0.00041 -0.34 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 2 249 .00058 -0.04703 0.06312 -0.00207 -0. 65.00504 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 71.00 -0.87442 -0.00166 0.00056 -0.41 336.21215 -21.45046 0.00041 -0.32 -0.00028 -0.00363 -0.01 0.00 0.00041 -0.87442 -0.01 0.0 22 23 24 38 39 40 FZ 20.32921 8.19716 0.00059 0.45739 8.00 0.00030 0.00 0.00056 -0.07452 -0.09268 -0.01536 -0.00041 -0.00 0.34 0.00363 -0.00014 0.32921 8.00162 0. 66.13263 6.

63 487.76 -58.68 -55.com * ************************************************************ .no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.60 -69.69 231.14 1731.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.74 -11.25 -54.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.03 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.Part I . please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.54 -14.87 -58.co.com * * Europe support@bentley.37 53.09 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 73.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 9 57 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 9 57 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -6.03 0.01 0.13 -500.10 7.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.26 -469.52 -91.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.co.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.36 68.98 -28.56 -500.01 0.82 -54.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.55 92.53 -54.65 31.90 -257.91 -470.00 50.51 51.31 70.96 0.Pro.com * * Asia support@bentley.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.Application Examples 250 Example Problem 26 72.17 1732. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.co.47 -483.

A tension/compression only analysis of the structure is performed. The slab is subjected to pressure and overturning loading. The spring supports themselves are generated utilizing the built-in support generation facility. The numbers shown in the diagram below are the element numbers. 251 . 27 This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to apply the compression only attribute to spring supports for a slab on grade.Example Problem 27 Example Problem No.

167 4 0.0 0. Consequently.0 0.0 0.0 REPEAT 5 6. Also.Part I .0 0.0 0.0 40.0 3 0. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. . 3 times. An optional title to identify this project is provided in the second line.0 0.5 feet.0 36. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. Y and Z axes.0 28. the joint number followed by the X.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8.0 2 0. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command.333 5 0.0 0.0 For joints 1 through 7.0 20.0 0. The coordinates of these joints is used as a basis for generating 21 more joints by incrementing the X coordinate of each of these 7 joints by 8.5 6 0.0 0.0 0.0 12.5 0. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 0. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.5 0.5 7 0. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8. it is necessary to have 2 commands.Application Examples 252 Example Problem 27 STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE * SPRING COMPRESSION EXAMPLE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.0 0. To accommodate these requirements.0 0.0 0.0 0. the supports which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 6.

CONSTANTS E 4000.0 ALL POISSON 0. SPRING COMPRESSION 1 TO 126 KFY The above two lines declare the spring supports at nodes 1 to 126 as having the compression-only attribute.0 253 . ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 The incidences of element number 1 is defined and that data is used as a basis for generating the 2nd through the 6th element.Example Problem 27 REPEAT commands are used to generate the remaining joints of the structure. The incidence pattern of the first 6 elements is then used to generate the incidences of 96 more elements using the REPEAT command. The supports themselves are being generated later (see the ELASTIC MAT command which appears later).0 The thickness of elements 1 to 102 is specified as 8. The results of the generation may be visually verified using the STAAD graphical viewing facilities. UNIT FEET SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 12.12 ALL The modulus of elasticity (E) and density are specified following the command CONSTANTS.0 inches following the command ELEMENT PROPERTIES. UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 8.

50 The above data describe a static load case.Application Examples 254 Example Problem 27 The above command is used to instruct STAAD to generate supports with compression-only springs which are effective in the global Y direction. 8 9 FY -109. Additional information on this feature may be found in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual.50 kip/ft acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on all the elements. 26 FY -542. 29 30 FY -205.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307.7 6 FY -617. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case. The program will determine the area under the influence of each joint and multiply the influence area by the subgrade reaction to arrive at the spring stiffness for the "FY" degree of freedom at the joint. A pressure load of 1.5 47 54 82 FY -264.2 . Units for length are changed to FEET to facilitate the input of subgrade reaction of soil. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK CHANGE Tension/compression cases must each be followed by PERFORM ANALYSIS and CHANGE commands. The subgrade reaction of the soil is specified as 12 kip/cu. 5 FY -308.4 22 23 FY -410. These springs are located at nodes 1 to 126. LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.Part I . LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217.7 27 FY -1085.ft.

0 255 .4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -153.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK CHANGE Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the negative global Y direction. 8 9 FY -50.0 113 114 FY 54. The CHANGE command restores the original structure once again for the forthcoming load case.0 120 121 FY 108.Example Problem 27 48 55 76 92 93 99 100 103 104 113 114 120 121 124 125 83 FY -528.5 47 54 82 FY -132.0 FY -410.4 22 23 FY -205. This is followed by another ANALYSIS command. 29 30 FY -102.3 FY -546. 5 FY -150.3 FY -205.0 FY -273. LOAD 3 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.3 92 93 FY 102. 26 FY -271.0 103 FY 243.0 FY -974.7 27 FY -542.0 FY -217.50 JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -100.7 6 FY -310.0 99 100 FY 205.0 FY -109.0 FY -487.0 104 FY 487.2 48 55 76 83 FY -264.

Application Examples 256 Example Problem 27 124 125 FY 136. element stresses for elements 34 and 67. . LOAD LIST 3 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 113 114 120 121 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 5 6 12 13 A list of joint displacements. are obtained with the help of the above commands.3 FY 273. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated.Part I . and support reactions at a list of joints for load case 3.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK Load case 3 consists of several joint loads acting in the upward direction at one end and downward on the other end to apply an overturning moment that will lift off one end. The CHANGE command is not needed after the last analysis.

03 378 1 1 257 .0 20.0 0.0 0.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 8. Intl.0 36.12 ALL SPRING COMPRESSION 1 TO 126 KFY UNIT FEET SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 12. 18. 3. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.50 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 126/ 102/ 126 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.0 0.0 0.0 0. 21. 33.0 ALL POISSON 0.0 0. 30. 5.0 0. 35.0 LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.00 MZ= 1 ) -499230.0 REPEAT 5 6.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 154800.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 28.0 0. STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE * SPRING COMPRESSION EXAMPLE SET NL 3 UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.5 6 0. 19.167 4 0.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8. 7. 16.5 0.0 40. 15. 26.0 0. 29. 24.5 7 0.0 0.00 = 0.0 0.333 5 0. 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.00 = -7740. 6.0 REPEAT 3 8. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 1 iterations. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8. 4. 9. 10. 25. 27. 2. 34. 32. 17. 8.5 0. 20.0 3 0.0 2 0.0 12.0 CONSTANTS E 4000.0 0.0 6.0 0. 31.0 REPEAT 3 8. 13.Example Problem 27 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 28. 23. 14. 11. 22. 12.01 MY= 0.0 0.0 0.

51342E-10 2 RY= 0.00000E+00 0 RZ= 4.0 103 FY -487. 5 FY -308.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -301253.00000E+00 0 RX= 9. 42.0 104 FY -974.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 1 iterations. CHANGE LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217.3 92 93 FY -205. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 7740.00 MZ= -884991.66 MY= 0.Part I .90 = 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -154800.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 301253. 29 30 FY -205.5 47 54 82 FY -264.90 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0. 56.7 6 FY -617. 39. 45.Application Examples 258 Example Problem 27 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0. 38.01 MY= 0. 55. 53. 40. 54. 49. 44.47 2 2 . 47.50000E+00 1 Z = 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 13964.2 48 55 76 83 FY -528. 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.66 MY= 0.4 22 23 FY -410. 58. 8 9 FY -109. 50.00000E+00 0 Y = -1. 43.19726E-10 45 1) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 36.7 27 FY -1085.00 MZ= 1 ) 499230. 48.03 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0. 52.3 125 FY -546.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307. 41. 37. 51.0 120 121 FY -217.47 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.0 124 FY -273.0 99 100 FY -410.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0. 26 FY -542. 57.00 = -13964.00 MZ= 2 ) 2 ) 884991.0 113 114 FY -109. 46.

00 = -10533.7 6 FY -310.0 103 FY 243. NO.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -213519. 71. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00 MZ= -478687. 78. 62. 8 9 FY -50. 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0. 80. 81. 2 3 4 5 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 5 iterations. 67.0 113 114 FY 54.3 92 93 FY 102. 82.2 48 55 76 83 FY -264.36 MY= 0.50 JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -100.Example Problem 27 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0. 79.69957E-02 6 2) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 59. 64.0 124 FY 136.36 MY= 0. 74.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -153.0 104 FY 487. 75.10 = 0. 72. CHANGE LOAD 3 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. 83. 5 FY -150. 76. 60.10 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0. 65. 70. 68. 61.78 3 3 259 .09725E+01 120 Z = 0. 29 30 FY -102.4 22 23 FY -205. 26 FY -271. NO.78 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.0 99 100 FY 205.7 27 FY -542.00000E+00 0 RX= 7.00000E+00 0 RZ= 9.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 10533.89606E-02 99 RY= 0. NO.00 MZ= 3 ) 3 ) 478687. 69.0 120 121 FY 108.3 125 FY 273.5 47 54 82 FY -132. 66. 63. 73.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK **START **START **START **START ITERATION ITERATION ITERATION ITERATION NO.00000E+00 0 Y = -1. 77.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 213519.

00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 19.83 1303.00 101.Part I .00 ANGLE= -27.36691 22. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.303438E+03 67 3 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 87.91 SMAX= 375.11615 Y-ROTAN 0.074621E+03 -1.51 0.00000 0.06945 0.074621E+03 PLATE NO.81 0. 3 3 7.00000E+00 0 RX= -1.00000 Z-ROTAN 0.LENGTH UNITS= KIP FEET STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.62 TMAX= SMIN= -375.249564E+02 67 3 1.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 5 6 12 13 1.64 TMAX= SMIN= -171.00 6.Application Examples 260 Example Problem 27 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0.49737 0.00000E+00 0 Y = 2.25 SMIN= -30.62 TMAX= 6.44 0.22268E-01 120 RY= 0.06506 0.1 ANGLE= -27.83669E+01 120 Z = 0.00000 X-ROTAN -0.25 SMAX= 171.62 SMAX= 30.1 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 1.00 202.96 724.62 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX -6.45 188.29 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 7.08912 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 86. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 34 3 TOP : BOTT: 67 -4.91 SMIN= -1074.09579 -0.96 43.13 ANGLE= -34.2 5.2 ANGLE= -34.53915 28.00 724.09786E-01 125 3) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 84.00000E+00 0 RZ= 1.00000 0.21 -57.00000 0.96 0. LOAD LIST 3 85.10056 0.00000 0.64 3 TOP : BOTT: SQX VONT TRESCAT 37.12227 -0.81 202. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 113 114 120 121 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 113 114 120 121 X-TRANS 3 3 3 3 Y-TRANS 0.29 SMAX= 1074.449913E+03 67 3 .74 2.13 101.99 0.09437 -0.00000 0. 67 67 CASE NO.38 1303.00 1449.17264 14.44 1449.58 0.00000 0.50 188.

00 0.08 153.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 27 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 5 6 12 13 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 3 3 3 3 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 148.00 0.co.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.co.00 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 88.06 168.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.co.10 149.60 0.Pro.com * ************************************************************ 261 .00 0.00 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.com * * Europe support@bentley.com * * * * North America support@bentley.00 0.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * Asia support@bentley.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.

Application Examples 262 Example Problem 27 NOTES .Part I .

28 This example demonstrates the input required for obtaining the modes and frequencies of the skewed bridge shown in the figure below. pier-cap girders and a deck slab. The structure consists of piers.Example Problem 28 Example Problem No. 263 .

2 4 0 0. 11 -1 10 0 25 16. Y and Z coordinates are specified first. Following this. joints 12 through 24 are generated using linear interpolation. 6 15. 63 new joints are generated. IGNORE LIST Further below in this file. the above command is required. We do so because it minimizes the effort involved in fetching the desired elements and reduces the size of the respective commands. we will call element lists in which some element numbers may not actually be present in the structure. The remainder of the words forms a title to identify this project. UNIT METER KN The units for the data that follows are specified above. Next.5 0 0. 4 9 0 0. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.5 0 0. To achieve this. To prevent the program from treating that condition (referring to elements which do not exist) as an error. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0. using the data of these 21 joints (1 through 6 and 11 through 25). the X coordinate of these 21 joints is incremented by 4 meters and the Z coordinate is incremented by 14 meters.5 10 0 REPEAT ALL 3 4 0 14 For joints 1 through 6. 3 6. in 3 successive operations. Y and Z axes.5 0 0. the joint number followed by the X. using the coordinates of joints 11 and 25 as the basis.Part I .Application Examples 264 Example Problem 28 STAAD SPACE FREQUENCIES OF VIBRATION OF A SKEWED BRIDGE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. . 5 11.

we create members 202 to 215. 73 73 86 The member connectivity data (joint numbers between which members are connected) is specified for the 24 columns for the structure. member 101 is defined as connected between 11 & 12. MEMBER INCI 1 1 13 . 30 30 42 . 31 31 44 47 47 55 . Similarly. 71 71 82 . by incrementing those nodes by 1 unit at a time (which is the default increment). The above method is a combination of explicit definition and generation. 27 27 36 . the incidences of members 102 to 114 are generated. Details of this command is available in Section 5. 404 to 417. DEFINE MESH A JOINT 11 B JOINT 25 C JOINT 46 D JOINT 32 E JOINT 67 F JOINT 53 G JOINT 88 H JOINT 74 265 . 49 49 59 .Example Problem 28 The REPEAT ALL command is used for the generation. 52 52 65 68 68 76 . 4 4 19 . 101 11 12 114 202 32 33 215 303 53 54 316 404 74 75 417 The member connectivity data is specified for the pier cap beams for the structure. 5 5 21 . 303 to 316. 2 2 15 . 72 72 84 . 48 48 57 . 29 29 40 . where the member number is followed by the 2 node numbers. is the explicit definition method. 50 50 61 . The above method. 6 6 23 26 26 34 . 3 3 17 . 70 70 80 . 51 51 63 . and. 28 28 38 . For example.11 of the Technical Reference manual. Then.Pro's graphical viewing facilities. The results of the generation may be visually verified using STAAD. No generation is involved here. 69 69 78 .

For example. For this. C and D (which in turn are nodes 11. there is no overlap between the two in a manner that nodes of the beams are at a different point in space than nodes of elements. 25. 46 and 32). we have taken advantage of the fact that the coordinates of these joints (A through H) have already been defined or generated earlier. In other words.5 10 0 . Thus. Similarly. and another 168 for the 3rd span. Details of the above can be found in Section 5. 168 elements are created for the 2nd span.Application Examples 266 Example Problem 28 The next step is to generate the deck slab which will be modeled using plate elements. with 14 divisions along the edges AB and CD. GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 14 12 MESH DCEF 14 12 MESH FEGH 14 12 The above lines are the instructions for generating the “child” elements from the super-elements. This is absolutely essential to ensure proper transfer of load and stiffness from beams to plates . The above set of commands defines the corner nodes of the super-element. A is the same as joint 11 while D is the same as joint 32. These are the elements which make up the first span. B 16. D 3 10 14 . It may be noted here that we have taken great care to ensure that the resulting elements and the piercap beams form a perfect fit. and 12 along the edges BC and DA. C 20. Mesh generation is a process of generating several "child" elements from a "parent" or "super" element. At every node along their common boundary. we use a technique called mesh generation. etc.14 of the Technical Reference manual. B. we generate a total of 14X12=168 elements. Alternatively. plates and beams are properly connected. we could have defined the super-element nodes as A -1 10 0 . from the superelement bound by the corners A.5 10 14 .Part I . Note that instead of elaborately defining the coordinates of the corner nodes of the super-elements.

The tools of the graphical user interface may be used to confirm that beam-plate connectivity is proper for this model. a few selected elements are chosen into a few selective groups. Group names are a mechanism by which a single moniker can be used to refer to a cluster of entities.375 267 . For our structure. such as members. MEMBER PROPERTY _GIRDERS PRIS YD 0.Example Problem 28 and vice versa.6 _PIERS PRIS YD 1.6 ZD 0. START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _GIRDERS 101 TO 114 202 TO 215 303 TO 316 404 TO 417 _PIERS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 ELEMENT _P1 447 TO 450 454 TO 457 461 TO 464 468 TO 471 _P2 531 TO 534 538 TO 541 545 TO 548 552 TO 555 _P3 615 TO 618 622 TO 625 629 TO 632 636 TO 639 _P4 713 TO 716 720 TO 723 727 TO 730 734 TO 737 _P5 783 TO 786 790 TO 793 797 TO 800 804 TO 807 _P6 881 TO 884 888 TO 891 895 TO 898 902 TO 905 END GROUP DEFINITION The above block of data is referred to as formation of groups. and so on. For the deck. and prismatic circular sections for the columns. the piercap beams are being grouped to a name called GIRDERS.0 Member properties are assigned as prismatic rectangular sections for the girders. the pier columns are assigned the name PIERS. The reason is that these elements happen to be right beneath wheels of vehicles whose weight will be used in the frequency calculation. ELEMENT PROPERTY YRA 9 11 TH 0.

The keyword CONSTANTS has to precede this data.mm for all members.Part I . SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 FIXED The base nodes of the piers are fully restrained (FIXED supports). the first few modes may be sufficient to obtain a significant portion of the total dynamic response. Due to these reasons. not all modes are of equal importance. UNIT KNS METER CONSTANTS DENSITY 24 ALL Following a change of units. In a large structure. (One measure of the importance of modes is the participation factor of that mode. However. density of concrete is specified. the extraction process can also be very time consuming.Application Examples 268 Example Problem 28 The plate elements of the deck slab. STAAD calculates only the first 6 modes. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65 Theoretically. Further. This is like saying that the command CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 6 has been specified. which happen to be at a Y elevation of 10 metres (between a YRANGE of 9 metres and 11 metres) are assigned a thickness of 375 mms. . the limitations of the mathematical process used in extracting modes may limit the number of modes that can actually be extracted. UNIT NEWTON MMS CONSTANTS E 21000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The Modulus of elasticity (E) is set to 21000 N/sq. a structure has as many modes of vibration as the number of degrees of freedom in the model. in the absence of any explicit instruction. Built-in default value for Poisson's ratio for concrete is also assigned to ALL members and elements.) In many cases.

UNIT KGS METER LOAD 1 FREQUENCY CALCULATION SELFWEIGHT X 1. In our example. 269 . If the inspection of the first 6 modes reveals that the overall vibration pattern of the structure has not been obtained.Pro Technical Reference Manual.0 * PERMANENT WEIGHTS ON DECK ELEMENT LOAD YRA 9 11 PR GX 200 YRA 9 11 PR GY 200 YRA 9 11 PR GZ 200 * VEHICLES ON SPANS .Pro 2000 calculated only 3 modes by default). we are asking for 65 modes by specifying CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65. The number that follows this command is the number of modes being requested.Example Problem 28 (Versions of STAAD prior to STAAD. Some information on this is available in Section 1.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1.3 of the STAAD.18.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. one may ask STAAD to compute a larger (or smaller) number of modes with the help of this command.ONLY Y & Z EFFECT CONSIDERED ELEMENT LOAD _P1 PR GY 700 _P2 PR GY 700 _P3 PR GY 700 _P4 PR GY 700 _P5 PR GY 700 _P6 PR GY 700 _P1 PR GZ 700 _P2 PR GZ 700 _P3 PR GZ 700 _P4 PR GZ 700 _P5 PR GZ 700 _P6 PR GZ 700 The mathematical method that STAAD uses is called the eigen extraction method.

this does not guarantee that STAAD will automatically consider the masses for vibration in all the available directions. and the mass matrix. For assembling the mass matrix. the corresponding degrees of freedom (such as for example. modulus of elasticty. So. there are 3 possible directions . The reasoning is something like .global X. we choose to apply it on just a few elements in the global Y and Z directions only. a 200 kg/sq. not masses.the stiffness matrix. STAAD uses the load data specified in the load case in which the MODAL CAL REQ command is specified. and global Y. etc. The input you specify is weights.Application Examples 270 Example Problem 28 The method involves 2 matrices . In our example. called the [M] matrix. global X at node 34 hypothetically) will not receive a contribution in the mass matrix. some of the important aspects to bear in mind are : 1. there are 2 possible directions of vibration . member and element properties. usually called the [K] matrix. the mass is not capable of . You have control over and are responsible for specifying the directions in which the masses ought to vibrate. The stiffness matrix. If the structure is declared as a SPACE frame. if a weight is not specified along a certain direction. But for the truck loads.for the X direction. Internally. Y and Z directions. support information.m pressure load is also specified along all 3 directions on the deck. is assembled using data such as member and element lengths. the acceleration due to gravity. Poisson's ratio. Similarly. In other words. 2.global X. STAAD will convert weights to masses by dividing the input by "g". member offsets. The mass matrix is assembled using only the masses from the weights and directions specified by the user. member and element releases. notice that we are specifying the selfweight along global X. global Y and global Z.Part I . If the structure is declared as a PLANE frame. However.

. this is just a demonstration example. it automatically will carry out a frequency extraction without the help of the MODAL . all he/she has to do is not provide the directions in which those weights cannot vibrate in.Example Problem 28 vibrating because the tires allow the truck to roll along X. 3. In other words. command. Frequencies and modes have to be calculated also when dynamic analysis such as response spectrum or time history analysis is carried out. The point we wish to illustrate is that if a user wishes to restrict a certain weight to certain directions only. the total weight at a given node is the algebraic summation of all the weights in the global directions at that node and the mass is then derived from this algebraic resultant. provide absolute values for the weights. As much as possible. if some weights are specified as positive numbers and others as negative. When STAAD encounters the commands for response spectrum (see example 11) and time history (see examples 16 and 22). MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED This is the command which tells the program that frequencies and modes should be calculated. 271 . not necessarily what you may wish to do. Remember. So. the MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED command is not explicitly required. this command accompanies the loads that are to be used in generating the mass matrix. It is specified inside a load case. But in such analyses. STAAD is programmed to algebraically add the weights at nodes.

. periods and participation factors are automatically reported in the output file when the operation is completed. FINISH This terminates the STAAD run. Frequencies.Part I .Application Examples 272 Example Problem 28 PERFORM ANALYSIS This initiates the processes which are required to obtain the frequencies.

5 11. 49 49 59 . 53. 44. 17. 13. 4 9 0 0.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 27 27 36 . 57. 14. 50. 70 70 80 . 16. 3. STAAD SPACE FREQUENCIES OF VIBRATION OF A SKEWED BRIDGE IGNORE LIST UNIT METER KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0. 30 30 42 . 36. 4. 42. 46. 25. 49.6 ZD 0. 54. 6 15.Example Problem 28 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 ELEMENT PROPERTY YRA 9 11 TH 0. 31 31 44 47 47 55 . 11.0 273 . 12. 45. 48. 5 5 21 . 40. 2 2 15 . 43. Intl. 21. 23. 3 3 17 . 8. 50 50 61 . 15. 38. 41. 29 29 40 . 31. 24. 2 4 0 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 5. 35. 7. 4 4 19 . 28.5 10 0 REPEAT ALL 3 4 0 14 MEMBER INCI 1 1 13 . 51 51 63 . 19. 56. 60. 52 52 65 68 68 76 .375 UNIT NEWTON MMS CONSTANTS E 21000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL UNIT KNS METER CONSTANTS DENSITY 24 ALL SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 FIXED CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65 UNIT KGS METER LOAD 1 FREQUENCY CALCULATION SELFWEIGHT X 1. 30. 34. 47. 32. 10. 55. 51. 48 48 57 . 37. 20. 22. 73 73 86 101 11 12 114 202 32 33 215 303 53 54 316 404 74 75 417 DEFINE MESH A JOINT 11 B JOINT 25 C JOINT 46 D JOINT 32 E JOINT 67 F JOINT 53 G JOINT 88 H JOINT 74 GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 14 12 MESH DCEF 14 12 MESH FEGH 14 12 START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _GIRDERS 101 TO 114 202 TO 215 303 TO 316 404 TO 417 _PIERS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 ELEMENT _P1 447 TO 450 454 TO 457 461 TO 464 468 TO 471 _P2 531 TO 534 538 TO 541 545 TO 548 552 TO 555 _P3 615 TO 618 622 TO 625 629 TO 632 636 TO 639 _P4 713 TO 716 720 TO 723 727 TO 730 734 TO 737 _P5 783 TO 786 790 TO 793 797 TO 800 804 TO 807 _P6 881 TO 884 888 TO 891 895 TO 898 902 TO 905 END GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER PROPERTY _GIRDERS PRIS YD 0. 29. 72 72 84 .5 0 0. 18. 9.6 _PIERS PRIS YD 1. 28 28 38 . 3 6. 71 71 82 . 6. 33. 2. 39. 27.5 0 0. 6 6 23 26 26 34 . 69 69 78 . 58. 26.5 0 0 11 -1 10 0 25 16. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 59. 52.

ONLY Y & Z EFFECT CONSIDERED ELEMENT LOAD _P1 PR GY 700 _P2 PR GY 700 _P3 PR GY 700 _P4 PR GY 700 _P5 PR GY 700 _P6 PR GY 700 _P1 PR GZ 700 _P2 PR GZ 700 _P3 PR GZ 700 _P4 PR GZ 700 _P5 PR GZ 700 _P6 PR GZ 700 MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 579/ SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 584/ 1.373 4.08007 0.076 4.07311 0.08869 0. 75.21355 0. 101 NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = 65 NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 1665 NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 65 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 24 3330 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED.08275 0.085 12.125 0.921 12.13815 0.654 14. 73. SELFWEIGHT Z 1.09671 0.19889 0. 81.341 10.09316 0.24532 0.028 7.13582 0. ELEM.602 2. 83. 70.363 10. 79. 64.08638 0.636 2.189 7. 101 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED.08961 0.Application Examples 274 Example Problem 28 61.08388 0. 80.22869 0.519 4. 72.275 11. 82.829 11.0 * PERMANENT WEIGHTS ON DECK ELEMENT LOAD YRA 9 11 PR GX 200 YRA 9 11 PR GY 200 YRA 9 11 PR GZ 200 * VEHICLES ON SPANS .22130 0. 66. 78.61111 0.08454 0.34695 0.683 5.38433 0. 71.488 13. 65.26636 0. ELEM.882 3. 84.734 11. 67.NO. 76. 101 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED.13911 0.160 11.Part I . 63.06612 .06824 0. 85. 69.06774 0. 74.238 7.NO.577 11. ELEM.NO.762 15.677 14.754 4.

00 0.135 99.00 0.753 99.112 99.736 99.00 0.740 99.826 39.01 0.927 55.736 99.00 0.153 23.03384 0.01 0.383 99.550 29.04850 0.804 30.02932 0.923 35.061 99.889 99.754 99.02824 0.05778 0.00 0.501 31.754 99.146 21.00 0.478 17.03070 0.536 3.326 99.03355 0.05635 0.02783 0.308 17.00 0.151 99.801 22.00 0.536 20.05 0.808 27.02738 0.00 0.042 99.411 35.04 0.845 21.985 24.326 99.766 99.00 0.37 0.518 23.01 0.000 0.00 3.690 32.03662 0.00 0.326 99.229 3.03043 0.766 0.002 26.04587 0.05 0.01 0.575 30.101 34.00 0.03124 0.00 0.765 99.364 56.937 99.741 99.062 99.972 29.03452 0.740 55.947 99.04531 0.204 99.992 31.00 25.00 0.574 32.03730 0.496 3.585 38.00 99.00 0.871 55.04 0.53 0.05721 0.01 0.00 0.354 56.740 99.03174 0.979 56.06 0.937 99.04729 0.02532 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 X Y Z 0.00 0.305 27.618 20.04797 0.04869 0.135 99.202 99.00 0.01 0.923 99.725 19.909 99.03156 0.000 0.00 0.940 99.736 99.00 26.02 0.355 56.00 0.735 99.03227 0.529 38.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.747 19.948 275 .151 99.05070 0.04056 0.136 99.02844 0.326 99.151 99.928 36.349 56.000 55.012 99.00 0.23 0.02592 0.00 0.00 0.009 32.422 26.19 0.939 99.05020 0.969 55.151 99.03926 0.59 0.740 99.753 99.04 0.Example Problem 28 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 PERIOD(SEC) 17.354 56.56 0.01 0.070 23.03785 0.776 28.863 34.27 0.655 25.02 0.358 56.364 56.02576 0.923 99.921 20.062 99.00 0.02863 0.940 99.587 55.01 0.368 56.364 56.04252 0.00 0.00 0.04 99.01 0.00 0.03846 0.00 0.00 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.13 0.04667 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.162 35.898 99.740 99.04319 0.15 0.204 99.426 21.969 55.494 0.14 0.00 0.03600 0.42 0.00 0.04169 0.469 26.

01 3.11 0.972 99.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.973 99.226 73.00 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.00 0.981 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.971 99.143 74.973 99.767 99.00 0.973 99.736 67.973 99.972 99.854 99.859 99.611 73.856 99.00 0.00 0.856 99.965 99.856 99.00 0.02 0.09 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.980 73.00 0.858 99.00 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.831 73.860 99.00 0.984 99.00 0.973 99.00 0.00 0.965 99.00 0.973 99.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.974 99.965 99.972 99.02 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.829 99.14 0.852 99.974 99.971 99.00 0.00 0.19 0.18 0.610 73.308 65.985 99.865 99.856 99.00 0.965 99.01 0.858 99.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.730 73.823 73.01 0.971 99.976 99.856 99.859 99.30 0.00 0.986 86.00 0.974 99.319 65.972 99.972 99.761 74.03 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.908 99.622 73.857 99.858 99.00 0.973 99.15 0.758 73.co.972 99.466 74.00 0.868 99.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * ************************************************************ .033 73.970 99.384 56.970 74.01 0.00 0.01 0.969 68.854 99.861 99.116 72.858 99.48 0.00 0.00 0.15 4.737 65.00 0.53 3.06 0.857 99.860 99.00 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.732 61.967 67.973 99.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.768 99.856 99.591 57.768 99.214 65.985 99.975 99.05 0.04 0.00 0.856 99.Pro.42 0.07 0.06 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.00 0.736 73.com * * Europe support@bentley.973 99.00 0.856 99.17 0.co.00 0.226 73.926 67.00 0.00 0.00 99.868 99.057 73.00 0.832 99.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.857 99.858 99.02 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.611 73.00 0.868 99.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.859 99.974 99.905 72.562 56.973 99.00 0.00 0.26 0.00 0.00 0.53 0.968 73.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.855 99.00 0.00 0.79 0.205 61.00 0.676 58.972 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 276 Example Problem 28 MODE X Y Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 0.00 0.006 74.09 0.971 99.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.858 99.00 0.985 99.932 67.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.406 74.00 0.857 99.14 0.00 0.38 0.974 99.00 0.00 0.973 99.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 0.623 73.974 99.869 56.858 99.767 99.00 0.736 65.859 99.00 0.

373 0.238 0.641E-16 8 4.View .882 0.22130 5.61111 1.754 0.189 0.000E+00 5 4.363 0. we obtain a report.13815 0.STAAD output).21355 5.13582 0.Example Problem 28 Understanding the output: After the analysis is complete.22870 6.466E-16 6 4.076 0. Mode number and corresponding frequencies and periods Since we asked for 65 modes.025E-16 7 4.000E+00 10 7.253E-16 9 5.916E-16 11 7.602 0. (This file can be viewed from File .19889 0.Output File .666E-16 4 3. look at the output file.34695 8.000E+00 277 .38433 0.028 0.000E+00 3 2. i. a portion of which is as shown: CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 MODE FREQUENCY PERIOD (CYCLES/SEC) (SEC) ACCURACY 1 1.26636 0.24532 3.683 0.344E-16 2 2.519 0.000E+00 12 7.13911 8.636 0.

575 99.06 0.04 0.927 99.204 30.15 0.04 0.05 0.00 99.00 0.135 8 0. SUMM-Y and SUMM-Z columns show the cumulative value of the participation of all the modes upto and including a given mode.00 26.736 55.19 99.202 3. the first mode has a 99. We can see from the above report that for vibration along Z direction.Application Examples 278 Example Problem 28 ii.042 2 99.00 99.229 99. even with 10 modes. It is also apparent that the 7th mode is primarily a Y direction mode with a 26. One can infer from those terms that if one is interested in 95% participation along X.14 0.00 99.04 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 1 0.00 25.000 99.59 0.Part I .136 9 0.151 3.00 0.00 99. the first 2 modes are sufficient.13 0.01 0.151 0.012 0.151 0.53 0.326 11 0.736 55.00 99. The out-of-plane flexible nature of the slab enables it to vibrate in a .326 In the explanation earlier for the CUT OFF MODE command.496 99.151 3.02 99.871 99.00 3.00 99.27 0.04 percent participation.326 10 0.740 99.000 99.536 99.326 12 0.04 0.05 99.00 99.112 6 0.587 99.735 55.00 0.42 0.02 99. The SUMM-X.23 0.135 7 0.061 3 0.000 99.736 55. The deck slab is capable of vibrating in several low energy and primarily vertical direction modes.062 4 0. But for the Y direction.00 0. we said that one measure of the importance of a mode is the participation factor of that mode.062 5 0.00 99.00 0.00 0.969 99. we barely obtained 60%.42 % participation along Y and 0 in X and Z.204 55. The reason for this can be understood by an examination of the nature of the structure. Participation factors in Percentage MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT MODE X Y Z 0.

Viewing the mode shapes After the analysis is completed. The Animation option of the Results menu can be used for animating the mode. Masses on either side of the equilibrium point have opposing eigenvector values leading to a lot of cancellation of the contribution from the respective masses. where small pockets in the structure undergo flutter due to their relative weak stiffness compared to the rest of the model. Localized modes. iii. The mode number can be selected from the “Loads and Results” tab of the “Diagrams” dialog box which comes up when the Animation option is chosen. also result in small participation factors. The size to which the mode is drawn is controlled using the “Scales” tab of the “Diagrams” dialog box. The Dynamics page on the left side of the screen is available for viewing the shape of the mode statically. 279 . select Post-processing from the mode menu. This screen contains facilities for graphically examining the shape of the mode in static and animated views.Example Problem 28 manner resembling a series of wave like curves.

Part I .Application Examples 280 Example Problem 28 NOTES .

00m 281 . 1. In this model.Example Problem 29 Example Problem No.80m 1. For the seismic case. 29 Analysis and design of a structure for seismic loads is demonstrated in this example. the maximum values of displacements. The elaborate dynamic analysis procedure called time history analysis is used.70m 1. The results of the dynamic case are combined with those of the static cases and steel design is performed on the combined cases.00m 2.80m 1.80m 3. static load cases are solved along with the seismic load case.90m 3. forces and reactions are obtained.50m 3.

16 19 8 17 12 20. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1123 REPEAT 1 3 4 7 9 10 9 10 13 14 12 13 4 17.11 of the Technical Reference manual.6 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 For joints 1 through 4. The results of the generation may be visually verified using STAAD. 21 & 22) is carried out. UNIT METER KNS The units for the data that follows are specified above.Pro's graphical viewing facilities. the joint number is followed by the X. 23 6 14 24 8 16. The coordinates of these joints are used as a basis for generating 12 more joints by incrementing the X & Z coordinates by specific amounts. 4 0 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 9. STAAD SPACE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS FOR SEISMIC LOADS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.5 0 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 17 1. 25 3 17. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 18 20 21. 29 18 21 . Details of these commands are available in Section 5. 2 0 3.8 7 0 .6 7 0 . another round of explicit definition (joints 17.Part I . 19 7. 22 4 12. 27 11 20. 3 0 5. 19 21 22.Application Examples 282 Example Problem 29 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 14 17 18. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 26 7 19. Y and Z axes. 20 22 16 21 2 10. 18 & 19) and generation (20. Following this. The remainder of the words form a title to identify this project.5 0 . REPEAT ALL commands are used for the generation. 18 4. Y and Z coordinates as specified above. 15 18 19. 28 15 22.3 0 .

and so on. which would be 25 TO 28 TA ST L152X152X13 would have required us to go to the graphical tools to get a sense of what members 25 to 28 are. Group names are a mechanism by which a single moniker can be used to refer to a cluster of entities. The members which receive these properties are those embedded within the respective group names. The alternative. For our structure. 283 . the columns are being grouped to a name called VERTICAL. Just from the looks of the command. MEMBER PROPERTIES CANADIAN _VERTICAL TA ST W310X97 _XBEAM TA ST W250X39 _ZBEAM TA ST C200X17 _BRACE TA ST L152X152X13 Member properties are assigned from the Canadian steel table. the beams running along the X direction are assigned the name XBEAM. such as members.Example Problem 29 A mixture of explicit definition and generation of member connectivity data (joint numbers between which members are connected) is used to generate 29 members for the structure. we can understand that the diagonal braces are being assigned a single angle. The benefit of using the group name is apparent here. START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _VERTICAL 1 TO 12 _XBEAM 13 TO 20 _ZBEAM 21 TO 24 29 _BRACE 25 TO 28 END GROUP DEFINITION The above block of data is referred to as formation of groups.

30 of the Technical Reference manual.TXT ARRIVAL TIME 0. SUPPORTS 1 5 9 13 PINNED The bottom ends of the columns of the platform are pinned supported. The default. may not always be sufficient to capture a significant portion of the structural response in a response spectrum or time history analysis. The keyword CONSTANTS has to precede this data. UNIT METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 ACCELERATION READ EQDATA.mm for all members.05 .Application Examples 284 Example Problem 29 UNIT KNS MMS CONSTANT E 200 ALL The Modulus of elasticity (E) is set to 200 kN/sq. which is 6. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 30 The above command is a critical command if one wishes to override the default number of modes computed and used in a dynamic analysis. and hence the need to override the default.0 DAMPING 0. The BETA angle for the channels along the left edge is set to 180 so their legs point toward the interior of the structure. UNIT KGS METER CONSTANT DENSITY 7800 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 180 MEMB 21 22 Density and Poisson for all members is set using the above commands.Part I . This command is explained in Section 5.

TXT".TXT file is a simple text file containing several pairs of time-acceleration data. at 0.000990 0. the burden of informing the program that the values need to be multiplied by "g" is upon us. the acceleration is 0. (If one wishes to specify a forcing function. Consequently. As explained in the small examples shown in Section 5. the keyword FORCE must be used instead.2 ft/sec^2). only one data set is defined.0400 0.003640 0. Here.) Notice the expression "READ EQDATA. 0.00364 multiplied by 32.010870 While it may not be apparent from the above numbers. the EQDATA.TXT.0200 0. the parameters of the earthquake (ground acceleration) are provided.02 seconds. for example. it may also be noted that the geological data for the site the building sits on indicate that the above acceleration values are a fraction of "g".00364 multiplied by 9.006300 0.0000 0.Example Problem 29 There are two stages in the command specification required for a time-history analysis.4 of the Technical Reference manual. ground acceleration data in the file called EQDATA.007580 0. the acceleration due to gravity. The word FORCE that follows the TYPE 1 command signifies that this data set is for a ground acceleration. 285 . A sample portion of that file is as shown below. The first stage is defined above.806 m/sec^2 (or 0.31.1000 0. It means that we have chosen to specify the time vs. That file must reside in the same folder as the one in which the data file for this structure resides.004280 0. Each data set is individually identified by the number that follows the TYPE command. which is apparent from the fact that only one TYPE is defined. and we shall be doing so at a later step. In this file. Thus.0800 0.0600 0.

05. it is a non-structural entity which. The selfweight of the structure is acting in the negative global Y direction.9 7. is not meant to be an integral part of the framing system. LOAD 2 PLATFORM LEVEL LOAD ACTING STATICALLY FLOOR LOAD YRA 6. the input required from the user is very simple . and the region of the structure in terms of X. We have chosen 0.load intensity in the form of pressure.0m elevation.Application Examples 286 Example Problem 29 The arrival time value indicates the relative value of time at which the earthquake begins to act upon the structure. . It is a facility where we specify the load as a pressure. and the program converts the pressure to individual beam loads. But. The load on each panel is then tranferred to beams surrounding the panel. LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF STRUCTURE ACTING STATICALLY SELFWEIGHT Y -1. using a triangular or trapezoidal load distribution method. The modal damping ratio for all the modes is set to 0. At the Y=7. similar to the squares of a chess board. of the area over which the pressure acts.1 FLOAD -500 Load case 2 is also a static load case. Thus. our structure has a floor slab. as there is no other dynamic load on the structure from the relative time standpoint. There are uniform area loads on the floor (think of the load as wooden pallets supporting boxes of paper).0 The above data describe a static load case. STAAD will consider the empty space between criss-crossing beams (in plan view) to be panels.0. It merely transmits the load to the beam-column grid. Y and Z coordinates in space. Since the slab is not part of the structural model. though capable of carrying the loads acting on itself.Part I . how do we tell the program to transmit the imposed load from the slab to the beams without manually converting them to distributed beam loads ourselves? That is where the floor load utility comes in handy. In the process of converting the pressure to beam loads.

Thus. loads which will yield the mass values which will populate the mass matrix the directions of the loads.9 7.0 FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 6.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1.806 The above command too is part of load case 3. is to be applied along the X direction. 287 . which will yield the degree of freedom numbers of the mass matrix for being populated. The data here are a. whose characteristics are defined by the TYPE 1 time history input data. the selfweight.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.9 7.TXT are to be factored by before they are used. GROUND MOTION X 1 1 9.806 indicates the value which the accleration data.1 FLOAD 500 GZ Load case 3 is the dynamic load case.1 FLOAD 500 GY YRANGE 6. The number 9. We mentioned earlier that the acceleration input data was specified as a fraction of “g”. Here we say that the seismic force. acting at arrival time 1. b. as read from EQDATA. the one which contains the second part of the instruction set for a dynamic analysis to be performed.Example Problem 29 LOAD 3 DYNAMIC LOAD * MASSES SELFWEIGHT X 1.9 7.1 FLOAD 500 GX YRANGE 6. as well as the imposed loads on the nonstructural slab are to be considered as participating in the vibration along all the global directions.

the member forces FX thru MZ each have a value for every time step. these will be just the maximum values. a positive combination. However. one way to make sure that the structure is not under-designed is to create 2 load combination cases involving the dynamic case. The user has discretion on what load factors to use with these combinations. etc. support reactions. 11 consists of the sum of the static load cases (1 & 2) with the positive direction of the dynamic load case (3). and a negative combination.0 In a time history analysis. the maximum from among those time steps is available. We have chosen the factors to be 1. 1000 for FY etc. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above is the instruction to perform the analysis related calculations.Application Examples 288 Example Problem 29 LOAD COMBINATION 11 (STATIC + POSITIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1. That means.0 2 1.0. If the user wishes to see the results for each time step. 12 consists of the sum of the static load cases (1 & 2) with the negative direction of the dynamic load case (3). Load combination case no. Load combination case no. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above command is an instruction to the program to produce a report of the joint displacements. support reactions and member end forces in the output file. As mentioned earlier. That is what is being done above. computing nodal displacements. If we wish to do a design.0 3 1.0 LOAD COMBINATION 12 (STATIC + NEGATIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1. If there are a 1000 time steps. not the ones generated for every time step.0 2 1. for that load case. there will be 1000 values of FX. Not all of them can be used in a further calculation like a steel or concrete design. . for the dynamic case.0 3 -1.Part I . he/she may do so by using STAAD's Postprocessing facilities.

Example Problem 29 LOAD LIST 11 12 PARAMETER CODE CANADA CHECK CODE ALL A steel design .is done according to the Canadian code for load cases 11 and 12.code check . FINISH 289 .

7. 41. 46. 35.1 FLOAD -500 **WARNING** about Floor/OneWay Loads/Weights. 53.3 0 . 40. Please note that depending on the shape of the floor you may have to break up the FLOOR/ONEWAY LOAD into multiple commands. 51. 28 15 22. 14 17 18. 29 18 21 START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _VERTICAL 1 TO 12 _XBEAM 13 TO 20 _ZBEAM 21 TO 24 29 _BRACE 25 TO 28 END GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER PROPERTIES CANADIAN _VERTICAL TA ST W310X97 _XBEAM TA ST W250X39 _ZBEAM TA ST C200X17 _BRACE TA ST L152X152X13 UNIT KNS MMS CONSTANT E 200 ALL UNIT KGS METER CONSTANT DENSITY 7800 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 180 MEMB 21 22 SUPPORTS 1 5 9 13 PINNED CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 30 UNIT METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 ACCELERATION READ EQDATA.TXT ARRIVAL TIME 0. 23. 61. 18 4. 19 21 22. 15 18 19. 30. . 26. 19. 43. 45. 32. 11.05 LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF STRUCTURE ACTING STATICALLY SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 52.8 7 0 . 26 7 19. STAAD SPACE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS FOR SEISMIC LOADS UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 25 3 17. 16 19 8 17 12 20. 54. 24. 5. 37.32. 23 6 14 24 8 16. 16. 15. 48. 3. 20 22 16 21 2 10. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 19 7.6 7 0 . 18 20 21.4 Note 6. 14. For details please refer to Technical Reference Manual Section 5. 57. 18. 4. 22.6 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 3 REPEAT 1 3 4 7 9 10 9 10 13 14 12 13 4 17. 8. 13.0 LOAD 2 PLATFORM LEVEL LOAD ACTING STATICALLY FLOOR LOAD YRA 6. 9.Application Examples 290 Example Problem 29 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 12. 65. 36. 33.9 7.0 DAMPING 0. 42. 29. 55. 22 4 12. 64. 27 11 20.5 0 . 6. 3 0 5. 25. 31. 21. 60. 63. 27.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.5 0 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 17 1. 39. Intl. 17. 4 0 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 9. 56. 2 0 3.Part I .

102 87.02033 0.01513 0.220 4.73010 0.1 FLOAD 500 GY YRANGE 6.1 FLOAD 500 GZ GROUND MOTION X 1 1 9.567 16.880 12.01139 0.06036 0.559 5.323 52.082 3.01782 0.567 2.17990 0.806 LOAD COMBINATION 11 (STATIC + POSITIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1.1 FLOAD 500 GX YRANGE 6.470 54.01819 0. 69.06034 0.0 LOAD COMBINATION 12 (STATIC + NEGATIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1.01517 0.370 1.158 49.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 22/ 29/ 4 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 3.9 7.23695 0.0 FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 6.02191 0.281 5.047 4.0 3 1.02190 0.63818 0. 84.736 12. 74.228 15.23360 0.01136 120 291 . 70.9 7.693 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 30 54 30 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 3 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 0.07759 0.224 1.0 2 1.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. 75.972 56.01782 0. 71. 80. 78.0 3 -1.48034 0.835 88.44201 0.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.06542 0. 73.02034 0.110 56.01911 0.553 5. LOAD 3 DYNAMIC LOAD * MASSES SELFWEIGHT X 1.01906 0.Example Problem 29 67. 68.17433 0.07764 0.9 7.187 52.18008 0.667 49.574 45.888 15. 86. 81.644 45. 76.053 1. 83.32823 0.939 66.285 16.81697 0.06567 0.0 2 1.126 65.

706 69.00 0.000 100.977 99.000 0.0500 0.48 0.01 0.41 0.Application Examples 292 Example Problem 29 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 A C T U A L X Y Z 0.051 98.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 0.0500 0.051 98.00 0.762 99.00 0.00 0.0500 0.977 99.0500 0.991 99.000 98.731 99.379 85.06 0.00 0.126 59.00 0.827 98.991 99.384 85.00 0.00 85.991 99.52 0.00 0.00 0.110 59.000 0.00 0.0500 0.816 98.929 85.731 99.00 0.829 99.991 99.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.051 98.00 0.03 7.0500 0.816 98.816 98.00 0.00 0.453 99.00 0.991 99.860 52.68 0.00 0.00 0.0500 0.000 0.0500 0.995 0.05 0.989 100.74 0.000 D A M P I N G USED IN ANALYSIS .860 51.051 98.0500 0.0500 0.00 51.0500 0.0500 0.00 0.000 0.Part I .411 98.01 0.0500 0.00 0.977 99.00 0.0500 0.00 0.00 0.977 99.00 13.991 99.761 99.186 81.00 0.991 99.977 99.110 52.186 72.000 0.0500 0.00 0.051 98.00 0.00 0.0500 0.00 MODAL MODE DAMPING 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 0.38 98.01 0.051 98.186 72.991 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.827 98.977 99.110 52.23 0.051 98.00 0.0500 0.00 0.0500 0.00 0.00 0.731 99.051 98.00 0.23 1.379 85.706 69.186 72.731 99.0500 0.706 69.03 0.00 0.00 0.0500 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.00 0.126 69.0500 0.991 99.646 69.00 0.991 99.00 0.00 0.186 72.977 99.977 99.00 0.051 99.00 0.39 0.000 100.00 10.059 99.0500 0.00 0.059 99.977 99.00 0.761 99.706 72.00 0.0500 0.00 0.00 0.762 99.977 99.00 0.860 51.0500 0.02 0.0500 0.86 0.0500 0.0500 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.000 51.00 0.00 0.0500 0.059 99.0500 0.52 0.706 69.977 99.00 0.051 98.00 0.000 0.646 69.977 99.0500 0.110 52.00 9.00 2.00 0.

0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0167 -0.0001 -0.0000 0.0199 8.0000 0.9947 -7.0004 0.0000 0.280383E+01 2.0100 0.0000 0.0387 9.0000 0.0000 0.3559 7.0005 0.0004 0.0002 -0.2871 -8.0005 -0.0050 -0.0475 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0159 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.9732 -9.0000 -0.0001 0.0015 -0.0001 -0.0122 0.0004 0.0000 0.0124 -0.0067 -0.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 30 TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 31.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0438 9.0000 0.0122 0.0136 -0.4133 5.0075 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0184 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0001 0.0045 -0.0002 -0.0153 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.9724 -0.249217E+03 5.0011 -0.0000 0.445833 Z= 1.0000 0.0002 0.0000 0.0000 -0.6810 7.0000 0.0050 0.0000 0.0023 -0.0015 -0.0077 -0.0004 -0.0124 X-ROTAN 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0004 0.0000 0.0082 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0020 -0.3672 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0242 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0106 -0.0000 -0.0124 0.0256 0.0096 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0004 0.0106 -0.0151 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0022 -0.0000 0.0001 0.802778 Y= -5.0068 -0.0124 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0004 0.0159 -0.0000 0.0109 0.0084 293 .0624 0.Example Problem 29 TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.0000 0.2936 7.1491 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.5307 5.0000 0.0000 0.9724 -0.0167 -0.0001 0.160 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 22435 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.KGS MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= METE -9.0014 -0.0068 -0.0000 0.0151 0.0001 0.5469 5.3722 5.0068 -0.0000 0.0665 0.0015 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0124 -0.0000 -0.0242 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0110 0.0075 0.0005 0.0000 0.0000 0.0012 -0.6673 7.0084 -0.0000 0.0079 -0.0000 0.0140 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0025 -0.0002 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0000 0.4133 5.0000 0.0002 0.0001 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0066 0.0056 0.0101 0.9447 -5.0139 0.0016 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0201 0.0000 0.0136 -0.275646E-06 2.0000 0.0027 -0.0015 -0.0133 0.0026 -0.0000 0.0120 -0.0136 -0.0002 0.0000 0.0283 -0.0029 -0.0000 0.0140 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0050 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0001 0.3559 7.0000 0.0184 0.0000 0.0000 0.0005 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0058 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 X-TRANS 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0016 -0.0015 -0.0045 -0.0000 Y-ROTAN 0.0891 -5.0000 0.0117 0.0016 -0.0124 0.0005 -0.0001 0.0022 -0.0122 0.0000 0.0005 -0.0000 0.0891 -5.5307 5.0000 0.0475 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.0283 -0.0016 -0.2871 -8.0000 0.0004 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 -0.0016 -0.0000 0.380556 87.0000 0.0168 -0.0045 -0.0002 0.0001 -0.0011 -0.0075 0.0109 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0002 0.0134 0.0000 0.6673 7.0004 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0076 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0012 -0.0133 0.0000 0.0078 -0.0000 0.0211 8.0000 0.0000 0.0004 0.0000 -0.0000 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0000 -0.0011 -0.9799 -9.0004 0.0000 0.0106 -0.0001 Z-ROTAN 0.0097 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0183 0.0013 -0.0000 0.0021 -0.0000 0.0097 -0.0000 0.0159 -0.

0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.Application Examples 294 Example Problem 29 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 X-TRANS -0.0201 0.0008 0.0008 0.00 0.3394 -1.0261 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0086 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.3991 0.0000 0.0003 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0665 0.0000 0.0059 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0057 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 11 12 60.0068 -0.0000 0.0057 -0.96 -19.0083 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 Z-ROTAN -0.0001 0.0001 0.0004 -0.0009 0.0624 -0.0009 METE X-ROTAN 0.0004 -0.0211 8.0002 0.0000 0.9621 -9.0001 0.0075 -0.0122 0.9458 -0.0001 0.0002 0.3394 -1.0000 0.0438 9.0001 0.0000 0.0031 -0.0000 0.9615 -9.0000 -0.6810 7.0153 0.0000 0.0000 0.60 -2294.0001 0.0000 0.00 0.0003 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0007 0.00 -18.0004 0.0289 -0.00 0.0027 -0.0000 0.9529 -0.74 0.0101 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0039 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0059 0.0000 0.0001 Y-ROTAN 0.0067 -0.0000 0.0124 0.9615 -9.9621 -9.0000 0.0494 -0.0000 0.0000 0.8375 -0.9947 -7.0001 0.0013 -0.0503 -0.0039 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 -0.73 -1360.0000 -0.0000 0.0008 0.0001 -0.0952 -0.0000 0.0016 -0.0035 8.0000 0.0000 -0.0002 0.0035 8.0000 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0033 -0.0002 -0.0438 9.0055 8.0008 0.0000 0.0086 0.0000 0.0004 0.43 0.0000 -0.0026 -0.5469 5.14 7777.0038 0.0261 -0.0009 0.0000 -0.0000 0.9458 -0.0168 -0.0001 0.0082 0.0021 -0.0016 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0139 0.0004 0.0002 -0.7331 0.00 0.0000 0.0159 -0.0035 8.3722 5.0120 -0.0000 0.0007 0.0000 0.0000 0.1491 0.14 1327.4095 1.0000 0.0388 9.0000 0.0025 -0.0110 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.9607 -1.0000 0.0001 0.0001 -0.0000 -0.0000 -0.0027 -0.0000 0.0000 0.9568 -9.0002 0.0199 8.0630 -0.0000 0.78 -18.0000 0.90 3228.0289 -0.0079 -0.0002 0.0000 -0.0080 -0.0004 0.0001 -0.0000 -0.0005 0.0002 -0.0027 -0.0183 0.0083 0.0000 -0.0000 0.00 .0076 0.0412 9.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0004 0.0015 -0.0000 0.0412 9.0438 9.0124 0.0000 0.0002 -0.0388 9.0100 0.0029 -0.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0039 -0.3672 -0.0029 -0.0000 0.0005 0.0001 -0.00 0.0000 -0.0001 -0.0001 0.0058 -0.0004 0.0055 8.9799 -9.0002 0.0001 0.0000 0.00 0.3991 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0712 -1.0000 0.0106 -0.0000 -0.0002 -0.0000 0.9447 -5.0000 0.0056 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.9611 -0.0000 -0.00 0.0630 -0.0025 -0.0000 0.0449 -0.2936 7.9607 -1.0000 -0.0066 -0.55 989.0136 -0.0000 0.0031 -0.0016 -0.9568 -9.3675 -1.0000 0.78 0.0033 -0.0025 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0009 0.Part I .0080 -0.4095 1.0026 -0.0004 0.0712 -1.0039 0.0009 -0.0000 0.0025 -0.0050 -0.3675 -1.78 3562.0026 -0.0078 -0.0387 9.0001 0.7331 0.0000 0.0045 -0.0011 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0134 0.0008 -0.0029 -0.0077 -0.0025 -0.0000 0.0008 0.9732 -9.0000 0.0449 -0.0000 0.0000 0.9611 -0.00 0.0001 -0.0020 -0.22 873.0000 0.8375 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KGS ----------------JOINT 1 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.0000 0.50 -3225.00 0.0023 -0.0000 0.0014 -0.0256 0.0035 8.0952 -0.0000 0.9529 -0.0117 0.0001 0.0494 -0.0096 -0.0009 0.0000 0.0038 0.0503 RADIANS) Y-TRANS -0.

36 0.93 3562.00 0.58 0.78 18.00 0.22 -873.88 -3263.00 0.34 1330.00 0.00 0.17 0.32 -2341.22 -60.15 -311.71 -1396.22 -873.54 11983.00 0.78 18.78 18.96 19.00 0.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 989.50 210.71 -3263.90 -12019.71 1261.95 -6435.50 -3225.00 0.00 0.08 6273.78 -319.00 -3.55 -60.23 -0.00 210.78 -0.00 0.00 5 9 13 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.22 -873.00 0.99 5626.00 0.62 0.00 0.60 -2329.22 60.00 4763.00 0.00 0.22 873.00 69.56 -60.14 1327.51 16813.88 -3129.50 -3562.90 -3228.50 -3225.Example Problem 29 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KGS ----------------JOINT METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 -60.61 -4630.22 0.67 -11.00 0.00 0.93 -654.26 -7243.00 0.00 0.60 2329.00 0.20 2 3 11 12 2 1 2 3 11 12 3 1 2 3 11 12 4 1 2 3 11 12 60.01 0.04 4496.67 237.73 -1360.69 -79.00 0.00 0.29 -2785.52 123.00 0.60 2294.00 0.14 -991.00 0.00 -11299.74 0.00 65.06 989.00 0.73 0.90 0.86 -1.01 0.00 0.00 65.00 123.61 0.00 -3057.78 -0.00 0.22 60.90 -1360.53 5.52 298.00 0.17 118.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 -179.00 -18.34 -7438.14 3562.78 0.00 0.34 1330.00 -210.00 69.00 0.52 56.00 -88.23 -0.04 -56.29 2785.78 -18.73 -2294.00 0.00 0.47 -0.78 18.88 -2329.78 3562.93 3562.10 -8031.35 -122.96 -19.17 -118.06 60.74 19.00 8031.88 3263.34 -0.50 -3562.16 0.23 0.83 -323.72 0.50 -3225.00 0.83 -323.91 7774.93 -16933.16 7034.00 0.00 3057.91 7774.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 873.08 5.88 -3263.17 -118.52 -994.60 -2329.71 1396.00 0.00 65.95 -6110.01 -0.00 0.93 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 628.01 -0.91 3562.97 179.78 -18.34 0.83 8591.55 0.73 0.14 1327.00 0.78 0.91 7774.20 -124.86 112.85 111.00 0.61 0.53 3129.00 0.00 0.90 3228.00 -3.06 1396.00 -18.15 3225.00 118.85 -5.52 0.14 -2586.67 -11556.00 0.86 -5.22 873.71 -2195.50 3221.74 0.00 0.34 1.00 -4886.33 0.74 0.00 -0.96 19.97 2831.15 965.00 0.61 122.14 7777.60 -873.00 0.50 3221.39 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 989.00 -18.96 -0.79 -4763.09 -5626.00 0.74 0.74 0.00 0.20 -124.00 0.55 3228.81 0.00 11422.50 3221.83 -8591.00 18.47 -117.78 18.52 989.00 0.52 -24.00 0.60 2195.08 0.00 0.78 -653.97 0.04 6354.22 -873.00 0.78 18.72 0.60 873.99 3562.60 -2294.09 0.88 -1261.51 -6354.57 11556.00 0.14 3225.15 7.26 7416.00 65.00 8154.06 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 187.43 989.00 0.00 0.33 0.74 19.78 0.00 0.51 6599.18 3057.23 -8.00 0.60 -455.31 0.96 -19.00 0.00 18.00 0.78 -18.55 1330.00 0.06 295 .00 0.54 0.00 0.31 -112.62 -111.73 0.78 0.00 0.34 0.00 0.71 1396.50 -88.00 0.00 0.00 117.47 117.00 0.64 -60.78 0.45 -7224.22 -0.96 -19.95 -793.73 1360.50 -3562.91 -3221.36 0.00 0.47 -117.43 -7441.96 -0.51 11299.35 7777.00 0.

50 3221.36 -175.61 -122.06 1396.83 -8591.71 -3263.97 2831.32 1.64 -60.00 0.09 0.51 11670.01 -0.32 0.23 -0.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 5 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 628.13 118.52 56.15 7.00 88.56 -60.67 -11556.51 6599.97 179.86 1.35 -16991.00 -123.31 -0.17 118.75 60.71 -1396.34 -1.22 -0.00 0.06 3562.74 0.20 124.26 7416.78 0.45 -7224.62 -173.60 -455.73 -0.22 873.00 118.81 0.58 12168.00 210.08 -1296.00 0.81 7413.51 16813.00 0.00 0.00 -65.46 0.93 -16933.00 117.84 -323.88 -2329.13 -0.54 0.09 -5626.00 -65.31 0.74 -19.27 -2849.36 0.23 -4487.21 0.65 7422.22 -8.23 0.45 -88.00 0.60 2329.78 0.85 -5.00 8154.14 3225.73 -2294.33 0.73 1360.86 -1.46 -117.00 0.94 5730.78 -18.74 -19.96 0.60 -873.00 0.23 8.27 175.58 0.90 -3228.26 -7243.15 3225.99 3562.00 0.01 -0.91 7774.46 117.00 0.08 0.50 -3562.34 -0.62 0.00 -69.88 -1261.81 -3221.14 3562.43 1296.62 111.60 2230.00 0.16 7034.60 873.19 -124.00 -210.93 -11422.01 -0.00 -88.57 -5567.50 -3562.20 4886.07 -12207.20 -7219.58 -261.20 124.Application Examples 296 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.15 311.00 0.47 -117.00 4763.00 0.31 0.29 -2785.01 0.61 4630.97 17118.34 0.78 -319.08 -3164.69 -79.41 -11670.62 -111.54 11983.96 0.39 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 989.15 965.20 60.43 -7441.33 -122.53 3129.14 1327.45 -210.86 -112.00 18.84 -323.50 -3562.01 0.34 -0.67 237.55 3228.22 60.00 0.50 -3225.60 2294.32 -0.00 0.78 -653.91 0.00 -117.66 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 201.00 -3057.50 210.27 -112.00 0.53 -5.33 -0.13 -118.23 2741.13 -118.00 11422.14 -2586.14 -991.85 111.80 -38.78 2499.97 0.80 261.52 123.52 -24.57 6030.51 -6354.21 0.00 0.00 0.16 0.17 118.02 -2674.75 -456.57 11556.22 -60.88 -3129.83 8591.78 18.31 112.10 -8031.36 969.78 0.06 -7240.67 -11.47 117.00 3.50 3221.29 2785.83 323.73 0.72 0.01 -0.00 0.90 -1360.00 0.62 0.01 0.00 0.17 -118.22 873.93 10 11 10 11 10 11 10 11 10 11 628.61 0.73 0.55 -0.95 -6110.50 -3562.52 -296.00 0.52 -123.06 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 187.00 123.00 -4886.00 0.49 -5836.32 -2341.00 -0.00 0.47 0.22 -873.00 0.91 3562.22 -60.44 -796.78 -18.47 117.00 0.00 -65.52 298.00 0.76 0.23 -2741.46 -117.00 0.00 3.85 -111.86 5.00 0.19 -124.04 -56.69 79.85 5.91 -3221.55 1330.74 0.00 0.00 0.00 8031.83 323.72 0.86 -5.19 -6329.17 -0.62 -2.00 18.00 0.95 -6435.88 -179.08 6273.59 5836.50 88.61 122.00 0.78 -18.60 2195.32 -0.51 11299.50 -3225.04 4496.35 122.00 -8753.78 319.00 3057.95 -793.00 0.00 8753.16 -311.60 873.06 2 3 11 12 6 1 2 3 11 12 7 1 2 3 11 12 8 1 2 3 11 12 9 1 2 3 11 12 10 1 2 3 11 12 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 989.00 0.18 -3057.10 -8154.00 -65.00 -69.22 -873.25 -2230.71 1261.00 0.43 5.86 112.25 3164.78 0.00 -118.78 -18.35 7777.19 5.22 0.06 .22 0.27 0.52 -994.04 6354.00 0.94 6492.23 0.61 0.22 60.00 0.36 0.01 0.90 0.61 -4630.00 0.71 -2195.22 0.90 -12019.60 -873.99 5626.18 3057.34 -7438.00 -0.22 0.88 3263.79 -4763.08 -5.Part I .93 -654.96 19.67 11.00 -11299.96 19.58 -6030.78 18.

01 0.70 0.42 -2860.24 0.64 -1.10 -8154.45 18 -1641.62 18 707.60 2341.67 0.79 1.31 0.00 0.00 2137.01 0.85 5.84 323.65 -7775.00 0.27 1.60 2230.00 -0.68 0.00 -117.58 8 2741.00 -0.58 12168.27 -0.07 8783.76 0.47 -385.38 7254.62 0.08 -3164.54 0.01 -0.33 122.79 -1.84 323.01 0.58 19 -9298.71 -0.01 -0.00 0.13 118.26 -138.31 0.01 0.76 0.52 -296.01 -0.00 0.80 8 175.66 15 16 15 16 15 16 15 16 15 16 201.19 124.00 -3344.47 5847.37 2674.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.22 -0.62 -0.22 873.06 2 3 11 12 12 1 2 3 11 12 13 1 2 3 11 12 14 1 2 3 11 12 15 1 2 3 11 12 16 1 2 3 11 12 4 -179.65 7422.00 0.36 -175.00 0.03 -0.41 -11670.00 0.00 0.00 0.21 0.09 -0.58 -261.13 118.20 18 -226.67 11.00 88.01 0.18 3344.00 -123.86 0.71 0.03 -1.51 7638.00 0.71 0.01 0.50 -3354.44 -796.50 3221.04 4 9119.26 42.58 2.71 0.17 -6861.04 12.69 66.01 0.59 60.91 0.60 17 -707.22 8.22 0.00 0.68 -0.88 1163.08 -1296.01 0.89 -19.61 -651.93 -11422.35 -16991.60 19 -175.46 117.60 -873.01 0.52 17 179.70 0.57 -5567.57 6030.91 -10712.01 0.50 -675.26 -0.22 -5.01 0.13 -118.57 -4038.00 -1.06 297 .81 -3221.87 4 6155.69 79.07 -12207.81 7413.02 -2674.00 8753.75 -456.27 175.22 -60.86 1.05 -237.08 0.01 -0.01 -0.91 11014.60 -873.59 8 -6381.23 -2741.78 319.45 -210.08 -0.23 2741.20 1198.08 -0.09 0.22 18 -60.23 965.00 -0.00 0.60 173.22 -282.04 -56.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 1.08 0.44 3354.08 0.27 -2849.80 19 -2741.18 -3057.78 -4806.85 -111.06 -7240.25 3164.21 -0.24 -0.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 11 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 14 15 14 15 14 15 14 15 14 15 628.01 -0.18 -1004.60 18 -873.17 2090.52 -123.03 -0.77 -301.03 0.00 -118.47 -6354.00 0.79 1.39 5613.28 1.97 19 -12216.25 -2230.44 17 12084.22 873.50 -3562.86 5.52 0.78 2499.67 0.62 -2.00 0.08 -450.32 0.64 0.03 2586.28 1.43 -8482.35 19 6381.13 0.00 0.67 -0.24 -0.20 -7219.53 385.19 -2499.54 0.49 -5836.28 -981.04 8644.80 261.36 969.16 311.97 8 9298.43 282.28 -9748.90 -1157.04 18 19 18 19 18 19 18 19 18 19 60.43 -5.09 -0.97 2337.03 0.45 -0.00 0.01 -0.54 0.67 1.71 6354.06 3562.30 4 -12084.00 0.01 -0.51 69.25 0.51 -2831.08 -0.24 -7.46 117.01 0.00 0.00 0.44 2212.23 -4487.00 0.60 651.08 0.89 2860.44 -3810.62 111.00 -0.61 4630.46 -117.00 0.34 -2337.79 -0.35 8 12216.27 0.98 0.52 4 -2785.19 -5.97 17118.08 0.00 0.35 9791.00 0.01 0.26 0.67 -1.75 60.75 -4991.04 17 2785.94 6492.00 -0.26 0.74 5683.61 -122.19 124.23 -2090.02 2898.00 -8753.19 -6329.80 -38.09 -0.45 8851.67 -1.62 17 226.43 -9678.67 138.20 17 1641.68 0.01 0.32 -0.01 -0.27 -0.94 5730.01 -0.59 5836.01 -1.19 -6318.24 0.76 1.20 4886.32 0.68 -0.43 1296.58 -6030.26 -1.00 0.24 -0.57 5741.27 6030.95 121.00 0.00 0.78 126.44 17 60.55 2849.38 -6030.61 1585.20 7717.78 2649.00 -0.22 -0.22 -60.45 88.00 -1.30 17 -6155.00 0.01 0.46 -0.22 17 873.59 -506.27 112.21 1293.86 -112.39 -10064.20 -52.49 -1095.03 1.32 -1.43 -1585.57 0.62 -173.87 17 -9119.57 -0.00 0.51 11670.

08 -0.21 -226.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 17 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 18 1 2 3 11 12 19 1 2 3 11 12 20 1 2 3 11 12 21 1 2 3 11 12 22 1 2 3 11 12 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 12 -179.06 -0.00 0.62 707.00 -323.60 22 -175.01 -0.00 0.00 0.98 -0.48 22.89 -587.09 0.44 -3810.99 311.28 -1.39 -10064.08 0.60 -707.47 5847.59 16 -6381.86 12 6155.18 -118.32 -112.89 2860.80 16 175.04 12 9119.57 -4038.00 -0.45 8851.00 0.26 -0.24 0.00 0.71 -0.01 0.03 0.52 -0.01 -0.60 -873.52 12 -2785.26 10.80 22 -2741.00 0.71 0.61 -651.00 -25.07 8783.86 0.24 -0.54 0.27 -1.01 0.00 0.89 -587.61 1585.00 -0.39 -25.08 -0.43 -0.35 22 6381.00 0.22 -60.44 3354.Part I .00 0.00 2137.04 8644.90 -1157.60 323.43 -8482.89 0.03 -0.67 0.00 0.18 118.01 -0.19 -2499.00 -1.24 0.38 -6030.27 0.60 651.88 1163.04 12.00 0.35 9791.28 -981.26 42.00 0.01 -0.00 -0.00 0.99 0.60 2341.38 7254.62 0.23 -2090.00 0.22 -60.00 0.00 0.57 -7.97 16 9298.86 -5.00 0.54 -0.62 11.00 -3344.49 -1095.00 0.09 0.48 -22.00 0.51 -2831.00 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.95 -25.00 0.06 0.00 0.96 -136.01 0.04 -56.00 0.00 0.78 -4806.00 -22.26 1.01 0.00 0.00 0.22 12.29 12 -12084.68 0.39 0.03 -1.06 -0.90 -132.70 0.01 -0.67 0.95 121.42 -2860.00 0.00 0.00 0.79 -1.22 873.96 136.03 0.43 282.00 0.00 0.55 2849.22 0.06 2 10 2 10 2 10 2 10 2 10 -4.53 385.23 -0.48 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 12 5.76 -1.01 1.00 0.26 0.43 -1585.03 2586.59 60.00 0.00 0.89 -587.37 2674.00 0.91 11014.59 -506.18 -118.00 0.58 16 2741.01 -0.01 0.65 -7775.06 -11.26 0.22 -0.05 0.23 -0.58 22 -9298.51 7638.28 -9748.05 132.62 226.54 -0.06 0.01 0.00 0.57 0.47 -6354.24 0.00 0.69 20 21 20 21 20 21 20 21 20 21 60.20 7717.50 -562.39 -25.29 20 -6155.64 0.22 -10.57 5741.79 1.00 0.97 22 -12216.01 0.39 -562.23 0.00 0.00 0.50 0.95 136.00 118.71 -0.00 0.67 1.00 0.22 -5.01 -0.00 0.60 -323.27 6030.00 0.00 0.34 -2337.39 -25.00 -587.00 0.27 0.01 0.02 2898.06 -0.44 126.47 -385.58 2.44 -1641.00 0.24 0.74 5683.24 66.00 0.00 0.90 4.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.21 1641.03 1.00 0.43 -9678.68 0.60 .00 0.68 -0.78 0.91 -10712.01 -0.08 0.17 -6861.01 -0.28 -1.18 3344.00 0.32 0.43 20 12084.00 0.79 -1.01 -0.86 20 -9119.79 -0.00 0.19 -6318.60 173.20 1198.23 965.50 -3354.62 -311.50 -675.00 -0.05 -237.00 0.00 0.21 1293.01 0.75 -4991.67 -0.64 1.08 -0.52 20 179.78 2649.17 2090.71 0.00 0.00 -0.04 21 22 21 22 21 22 21 22 21 22 60.39 -25.01 0.00 -0.09 0.51 69.00 0.18 -25.03 -0.00 0.48 22.00 0.68 0.Application Examples 298 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.35 16 12216.97 2337.39 5613.89 -19.26 0.60 -873.25 0.23 -12.67 -1.67 1.76 0.04 20 2785.00 0.08 0.20 -52.71 6354.86 112.00 0.09 -0.44 2212.39 0.00 0.22 -282.08 -450.08 0.01 -0.01 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.60 323.26 -138.00 -136.00 0.00 1.00 0.70 -0.22 873.18 -1004.00 0.39 -25.67 138.77 -301.

69 -0.91 25.00 0.52 22.52 19 -19473.00 0.40 49.71 0.55 -9.47 0.06 0.66 0.14 25.00 587.97 869.00 0.22 -393.52 -0.10 -0.81 2.00 0.01 -0.67 -0.10 -0.21 3 5067.52 22.88 2.43 -41.00 0.66 -366.46 15 -9040.10 0.22 -12.00 0.00 0.61 133.93 190.46 7 14281.57 443.67 0.39 0.10 0.05 -0.03 338.00 0.00 0.62 21.61 133.61 -323.66 -0.90 -132.79 2.28 -112.39 0.47 -22.01 0.10 0.00 0.10 -0.50 562.21 -0.10 0.70 -391.00 0.26 0.06 11.94 35.14 -118.10 0.43 22.57 -376.06 -0.62 -0.75 -309.14 -118.86 112.39 25.39 25.34 22 -14281.86 -5.00 0.28 0.76 142.00 0.22 10.23 32.00 0.27 20 -309.52 0.94 11 -8924.61 323.00 0.66 0.39 0.01 132.70 -391.91 -136.88 -2.44 361.00 0.10 0.06 -0.00 -0.00 -0.00 -136.00 0.12 -284.88 2.89 587.26 -10.94 17 14349.00 0.00 0.00 323.00 0.68 -949.00 0.40 49.47 0.05 0.67 0.00 0.01 -0.57 -376.10 0.48 7 345.33 17 8973.86 2.10 -0.68 -949.08 -920.67 0.72 19 -296.71 -0.66 -49.00 0.01 0.67 -0.55 -9.39 25.95 -895.12 366.10 0.95 376.00 0.00 0.46 15 14281.00 0.77 36.17 22 9089.71 -0.00 0.00 0.34 19 -14281.21 844.00 0.00 -0.34 15 19522.02 0.76 896.52 22 -19473.94 35.47 22.22 -393.10 0.87 448.10 -0.34 7 19522.10 -0.00 0.00 0.79 -2.81 2.10 0.18 21.12 -284.33 11 -14349.00 0.66 7 4895.01 0.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 23 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 6 14 6 14 6 14 6 14 6 14 -4.22 -0.61 -323.97 869.01 0.10 0.46 22 -4895.00 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.22 12.00 0.48 30.39 11 19775.44 361.87 -38.00 0.05 0.10 -0.66 -49.69 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.00 0.69 0.00 0.71 0.00 0.94 3 -8924.00 -0.00 0.06 -0.00 0.43 -41.00 0.00 0.89 0.71 0.00 0.48 -15.00 0.89 587.00 0.72 22 -296.33 20 8973.02 -10.62 -11.61 3 358.00 0.40 3 19775.00 0.57 443.10 0.00 0.00 0.22 0.48 15 345.01 -0.54 20 -19726.00 0.08 -920.62 311.88 -2.87 -38.38 118.00 0.05 126.47 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 5.43 22.00 -0.00 -0.00 0.87 448.68 203.77 36.50 0.01 -0.00 0.02 -10.10 -0.01 -0.05 -0.10 -0.91 136.33 17 -5067.01 0.21 0.18 21.58 0.42 11 358.38 0.00 -0.05 126.00 0.94 20 14349.03 338.00 22.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.89 587.00 0.90 4.93 190.00 0.02 -0.68 203.38 118.00 0.01 0.62 21.47 -22.54 17 -19726.00 0.02 -0.46 19 -4895.00 0.17 19 9089.10 -0.39 -0.81 -2.62 0.66 0.00 0.67 0.00 0.48 30.69 0.22 -0.00 0.81 -2.39 25.66 15 4895.00 118.23 32.91 136.00 0.99 0.00 25.00 0.95 -36.39 25.27 17 -309.99 -311.12 366.00 0.00 0.46 7 -9040.66 -366.67 -0.48 -15.76 896.38 -0.95 -895.75 -309.58 0.95 -36.33 3 -14349.00 0.71 0.42 2 3 11 12 24 1 2 3 11 12 25 1 2 3 11 12 26 1 2 3 11 12 27 1 2 3 11 12 28 1 2 3 11 12 299 .00 0.00 0.00 0.14 118.33 20 -5067.02 0.00 0.21 11 5067.00 -0.00 0.76 142.95 376.86 -2.71 0.71 -0.21 844.67 0.00 0.39 562.06 0.00 0.

PRO CODE CHECKING .00 0.00 0.00 0.9.00 0.81 SECTIONS) 0.Part I .00 1150.00 0.A 1.06 3.8.463 -167.60 T (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 C PASS 54.39 1125. LOAD LIST 11 12 PARAMETER CODE CANADA CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.00 0.02 SECTIONS) 0.00 0.KNS MEMBER MET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST TABLE W310X97 PASS 72.39 1150.00 0.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.46 2 3 11 12 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 89.39 0.8.463 -167.92 T PASS 72.00 0.9.81 SECTIONS) 0.63 12 3.00 0.8.95 C PASS 71.00 0.00 0.3B 1.46 3.02 0.95 C PASS 71. 90.8.80 11 0.3B -1.00 0.9.9.06 SECTIONS) 0.63 SECTIONS) 0.50 11 1.80 12 0.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 0.50 12 1.A -1.00 0.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.3B 0.21 SECTIONS) 0.00 12 3.04 C 9 ST W310X97 10 ST W310X97 11 ST W310X97 12 ST W310X97 PASS 59.00 0.98 C 8 ST W310X97 PASS 71.454 -166.02 -0.00 0.316 110.458 166.00 0.Application Examples 300 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 11 3.39 1150.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 0.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.39 1150.8.319 -112.(CAN/CSA-S16-01 ) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .8.00 -0.00 -0.02 SECTIONS) 0.00 0.00 0.3B -0.04 C PASS 59.02 25.46 -3.8.40 -3. 91.00 0.00 0.8.452 164.3B 0.50 11 1.00 .00 0.3B -0.452 164.00 0.02 0.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.06 -0.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 C PASS 54.00 0.00 0.50 12 1.02 0.00 1125. 92.92 T PASS 72.87 SECTIONS) 0.00 0.00 11 3.319 -112.40 0.00 0.3B -1.80 11 0.87 SECTIONS) 0.00 0.89 SECTIONS) 0.80 12 0.00 0.46 -3.89 SECTIONS) 0.02 0.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 0.458 166.39 25.98 C 2 ST W310X97 3 ST W310X97 4 ST W310X97 5 ST W310X97 6 ST W310X97 PASS 71.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 29 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 18 21 18 21 18 21 18 21 18 21 0.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 0.60 T 7 ST W310X97 PASS 72.A 1.06 SECTIONS) 0.316 110.454 -166.A -1.00 0.00 0.00 3.3B 1.

804 0.00 11 3.55 C 16 ST W250X39 17 ST W250X39 18 ST W250X39 19 ST W250X39 20 ST W250X39 PASS 119.02 96.10 C 15 ST W250X39 PASS 15.9.02 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.51 T PASS 16.786 0.70 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.A 0.9.000 0.831 0.10 C PASS 15.22 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.3C 0.00 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CLASS 4 SECT 2.8.80 T PASS 118.00 L152X152X13 FAIL 0.22 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.A 0.8.00 11 0.00 11 0.8.00 11 1.34 T 22 ST C200X17 PASS 1.16 C 23 ST C200X17 24 ST C200X17 PASS 1.831 0.02 98.80 12 0.00 11 3.17 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.00 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CLASS 4 SECT 2.145 0.02 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.02 96.009 0.00 -0.00 C200X17 PASS 0.80 12 0.9.80 T 21 ST C200X17 PASS 1.00 11 0.A 0.00 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.3C 0.2+ 0.00 C (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.34 T * 25 ST * 26 ST * 27 ST * 28 ST 29 ST PASS 1.00 12 1.02 98.00 105.00 108.2+ 0.70 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.2+ 0.009 0.786 -0.00 105.00 0.9.19 12 1.00 11 0.00 -3.00 3.00 108.05 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.145 0.8.000 0.831 0.000 0.00 -11.A 0.16 C L152X152X13 FAIL 0.499 0.804 -0.00 11 0.KNS MET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 13 ST W250X39 PASS 118.Example Problem 29 ALL UNITS ARE .01 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.17 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CLASS 4 SECT 2.00 0.9.9.00 0.8.831 0.51 T 14 ST W250X39 PASS 16.000 0.00 0.A 0.00 0.8.00 L152X152X13 FAIL 0.3C 0.05 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.2+ 0.A 0.01 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.00 L152X152X13 FAIL 0.8.00 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CLASS 4 SECT 2.00 11 0.50 301 .55 C PASS 119.

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Example Problem 29 NOTES 303 .

304 NOTES .

PART – II VERIFICATION PROBLEMS .

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“Strength of Materials. Van Nostrand Co. page 346.” Part 1. 1 OBJECTIVE: To find the support reactions due to a joint load in a plane truss.77 8. PROBLEM: Determine the horizontal reaction at support 4 of the system. REFERENCE: Timoshenko..1 Verification Problem No. S. Kips Solution Theory STAAD Difference R4 8. problem 3. COMPARISON: Support Reaction. 1956. Inc.. 3rd edition.. D.77 None .

5 3 4 MEMB PROP 1 4 PRIS AX 5. 50.00 0. 8.77 -8. 4. REACTION = 8. 3 150. 4 300.00 0. 0.Part II – Verification Problems 2 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 . ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .0 . 2 1 3 . 11. . 1 * * REFERENCE `STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S.00 0. 7. * THEREFORE IF P=10.00 0. 16. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO. 3 PRIS AX 2 CONSTANT E 30000. 17. 19. 3 2 3 . 12. 3. . 0.00 0. 10.00 0. 2 FY -10. . 4 2 4 . PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 5/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 3. Intl. 100.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. 18.0 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 5. 13. 20. FINISH . 14.00 0. 2 150. 2. THE ANSWER IS REACTION = 0. 6.00 0.77 5. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 4 21.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 9.77 * UNITS INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 4 INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 8.877P. 1 4 PINNED LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD . 15.00 5. 2 5 PRIS AX 3.

REFERENCE: Timoshenko. 1974. PROBLEM: A simple beam is supported by two spring as shown in the figure. problem 1.. 4th edition. K = 300. S. page 11. COMPARISON: Solution Theory STAAD Difference 3 Period. W.0 ksi A = 7.1-3. Young.. “Vibration Problems in Engineering.0 ft B = 3. and Weaver.533 0. Y W = 1000 lbs 1 L 1 K 2 A GIVEN: 2 X K B EI = 30000.533 None . Neglecting the distributed mass of the beam.0 ft.. D. sec 0.” John Wiley & Sons. calculate the period of free vibration of the beam subjected to a load of W. 2 OBJECTIVE: To find the period of free vibration for a beam supported on two springs with a point mass.0 lb/in.3 Verification Problem No.

15. 18. 11.WEAVER. VIZ. 3.1-3) * THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK IS T = 0. 1 0. 13.876 0. F = 1.00 0. . MEMB INCI . IZ 1. 6. 16. 2 FY -1000.876 CPS * UNIT POUND FEET JOINT COORD . PAGE 11.000 0. 20. (4TH EDITION. 8. 2 7. 3 10. . 1 2 PRIS AX 1. Intl.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. FINISH X Y 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 1 1 1 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 1. 4.00100. 9.YOUNG. 5. MODAL CALCULATION PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 3/ 2/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 2 * * REFERENCE 'VIBRATION PROBLEMS IN ENGINEERING' BY * TIMOSHENKO. 14. 17. MEMB PROP . 7. 19. PROB 1.000 7 . 21. 2.00 Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0. 10.Part II – Verification Problems 4 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. CONSTANT E 30E6 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 1 LOADING 1 1000 LB LOAD AT JOINT 2 JOINT LOAD .53317 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 22.. 12. 0. 0. 1 1 2 2 UNIT INCH SUPPORT 1 3 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 300. 0.000 100.533 SEC. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.

mm . Uniform pressure= 5N/sq. REFERENCE: Simple hand calculation by considering the entire structure as a cantilever beam.5 Verification Problem No. 3 TYPE: Deflection and moments for plate-bending finite element. GIVEN: Plate thickness = 25mm. A uniform pressure load is applied and the maximum deflection at the tip of the cantilever and the maximum bending at the support are calculated. PROBLEM: A simple cantilever plate is divided into 12 4-noded finite elements.

18.50 kNm .Part II – Verification Problems 6 HAND CALCULATION: 3 Max.5KN. Defl.mm)x(100x25 /12) 7 = 21875x10 Deflection = 18.m SOLUTION COMPARISON: Hand calculation STAAD Max.51mm Max.5x10 N.50 kNm 22.mm = 22.20 mm Max Moment 22.51 mm 18. deflection = WL /8EI. moment = WL/2 = (5x300x100)x300/2 6 = 22. where 3 3 10 WL =(5x300x100) x (300) = 405x10 3 3 8EI=8x(210x10 N/sq.

7.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 21/ 12/ 3 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 11. UNIFORM LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 12 PRESSURE 5.7 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.19 -18.00 0.0 CONSTANT E 210.54 0.00 0. 10. Intl. 15. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 3.54 5.56 5.00 -18.0000 RADIANS) Y-TRANS STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0. 8. UNIT KN METER 23.47 0. 14.00 0. 12.00 0. 5.0000 1.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 8 15 FIXED UNIT NEWTON LOAD 1 5N/SQ. 9.8159 X-ROTAN 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 108 21.MM. 18. FINISH . 13.0000 Y-ROTAN -0. PRINT DISPLACEMENT LIST 14 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 14 1 X-TRANS 0. 20.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24. 2.00 0.0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT LOAD 1 8 15 1 1 1 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 0. 6. 16.00 1. 4. 17.91 -112. 19.0813 Z-ROTAN 0. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT VERIFICATION UNIT MM KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 7 300 0 0 REPEAT 2 0 50 0 ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 2 9 8 TO 6 REPEAT 1 6 7 ELEMENT PROP 1 TO 12 THICK 25.47 11.91 -1.00 0.

Part II – Verification Problems 8 NOTES .

9 Verification Problem No. Van Nostrand Co.” Part 1. 3rd edition. 1956. problem 2. S.. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. Kip Solution Theory STAAD Differenc e RX 1. “Strength of Materials. 4 OBJECTIVE: To find the support reactions due to a load at the free end of a cantilever plane bent with an intermediate support.. D. Inc. PROBLEM: Determine the reaction of the system as shown in the figure.5 None . page 346.. COMPARISON: Reaction.5 1.

50 1. Intl.00 -5. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1. 1 2 3 PRIS AX 10. 8.5 * UNIT INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 8 21. 3. 6. 14. 2. 9. 20. 7. PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 FIXED . TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. . THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK AFTER * RECALCULATION = 1.00 0. 20. MEMB INCI 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP .00 0. 2 FIXED BUT FY MZ LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD . 5. 11. 4 * * REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. 15. .00 0.Part II – Verification Problems 10 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 2.00 0. 10. FINI . 20. 4 10. 3 0. 13.50 -1.00 0. 10.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. 18. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 2 0. . IZ 100. 12. 4.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 19.00 0. 4 FY -1.00 0. 16. 17. CONSTANT E 3000. 0.

1956.01040 0. P = 26000 lb. page 97.” Part.“Strength of Materials.5 in GIVEN: 59 in 13. E = 30E6 psi COMPARISON: Stress (σ).. 3rd edition. 2.01037 None .. psi. problems 1. Van Nostrand Co.11 Verification Problem No. δ 0. and Deflection (δ). D. S. in Solution σ Theory 3575.5 in Diameter = 10 in. PROBLEM: Determine the maximum stress in a locomotive axle (as shown in the figure) as well as the deflection at the middle of the axle. 5 OBJECTIVE: To find deflections and stress at the center of a locomotive axle. Difference None * The value is recalculated. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. Y P P X 13..* STAAD 3575.1.

0 1. 1 TO 4 TABLE ST PIPE OD 10. 18. 8.3 3575.3 0.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** .0 0.0 BEND-Z 0. 3 43. 1 1 2 4 MEMB PROP .3 0.00 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 11 19.3 3575. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.104 INCH FOR MAX. .00 AXIAL 0.5 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. .4 0. MEMB INCI .3 441. 9.0 3575.0 0. .0 0. DEFLECTION. 5.4 441. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 5/ 4/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.0 1. 3. 5 * * REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S.3 3575. 6. 17.0 0. 1 5 FY -26000. ID 0.0 0.3 0.0 3575. STRESS * AND 0.00 0.00 0. * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0.0 0.3 3575.0 0. 4. 2. 7.0 0. 4 72.0 0.0 0. 16. 2 4 PINNED LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD . 0. CONSTANT E 30E6 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3575.0 0. . 11. 12.4 0. PRINT MEMBER STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 LD 1 SECT . 0. 5 86.0 4 1 .0 0. Intl.3 3575. ANSWERS ARE 3580 FOR MAX.4 441.0 0.0 2 1 . 1 AND 2. 0.0 0.0 3575.0 3575.3 0.Part II – Verification Problems 12 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 3 1 .0 3575.0 BEND-Y 0. 13. 2 13. 14. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 97 PROBLEM NO.0 1.5 0.0 1.0 441. 10.3 3575. 15.

00000 0.00086 .00000 0.00000 0.00086 0.00070 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 X-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00070 0. FINISH Z-ROTAN 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 Y-ROTAN 0.01138 0.01037 0.13 20.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 Y-TRANS -0.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 21.01138 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0.00000 0. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 LOAD 1 1 1 1 1 X-TRANS 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.

Part II – Verification Problems 14 NOTES .

page 383. “Structural Analysis.5.44 Small . 3rd edition. J.. C.15 Verification Problem No. PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the frame. 6 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to a uniform load on the horizontal member in a 1x1 bay plane frame. Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 44. REFERENCE: McCormack. E and I same for all members. example 22 .” Intext Educational Publishers. 1975.40 44. COMPARISON: Moment.

.00 -20. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.33 0.33 -3. 4 20.KIP FEET (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 20.00 3.0 PERFORM ANAL P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00 0. 17. 12. 0.00 -22. 8.00 0.00 0.44 22.Part II – Verification Problems 16 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. MCCORMACK.00 0.00 0. MEMB LOAD . 3 20.33 3.4 FT-KIP * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. 11. IZ 0.00 44.21 -44. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 6 18.00 0.33 20.21 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 19. 20. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. MEMB INCI . PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0. 9.00 0. PLANE FRAME WITH NO SIDESWAY * ANSWER .00 44. 6.33 -3. 2 UNI Y -2. 10.00 0. 7.44 2 1 2 3 3.00 -3.05 CONSTANT E 4132E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT . 5.00 0. 6 * * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK C. FINISH .00 0.00 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 20. 15. 1 2 3 PRIS AX 1.44 -44. * PAGE 383 EXAMPLE 22-5. 2.00 0. 16.00 -20.00 0. 2 0. . Intl. 4.44 3 1 3 4 20.00 0.MAX BENDING = 44.33 0. 1 4 FIXED LOADING 1 . 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP . 0. .00 0. 3.00 20. 13. 14.

J.” Intext Educational Publishers. AX 9-11 = 3 in2. PROBLEM: Determine the vertical deflection at point 5 of the plane truss structure shown in the figure. 3rd edition. “Structural Analysis.17 Verification Problem No. E = 30E3 ksi COMPARISON: Deflection. page 271. 7 OBJECTIVE: To find the joint deflection due to joint loads in a plane truss.2.63 2. AX 7-8 =1. C. example 18 . AX 5-6 = 2 in2. GIVEN: AX 1-4 = 1 in2. 1975. Solution Theory STAAD Difference δ5 2. REFERENCE: McCormack. AX 12-13 = 4 in2.. in.5 in2.63 None .

00000 . 19. 29. 8.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 31.83516 0. FINISH Z-ROTAN 0. 7 3 6 .24000 -0.00000 0. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.00000 0. 11.00000 0. 9. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 13 30. 27.00000 -0. Intl.63 INCH * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 5 60 0 0 6 15. 23. 6. 25. 3 FIXED BUT FX MZ LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD JOINT LOAD 2 4 5 FY -20. 7.00000 0.00000 0. 5. 3 4 8 .00000 0. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.00000 0. 12 13 PRI AX 4.18000 0. 26. 24.00820 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 14. 2 3 4 .0 5 6 PRIS AX 2.00000 0. 3.00000 0.00000 0.29758 0. . CONSTANT E 30E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 PINNED . 12 6 7 13 UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 TO 4 PRI AX 1.00000 0. 17. 13.Y-DISP AT JOINT 5 = 2.00000 0.00000 0. 21. 28.00000 -0. 7. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.06578 0.00000 0. PAGE * 271 EXAMPLE 18-2.00000 0. 7 * * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK MCCORMACK.00000 0. 18. 16.00000 0.00000 0. 8 3 8 .00000 0.24000 -0. 7 30. 15.5 .5 9 10 11 PRI AX 3.00000 0.00000 0. 4. 15. 12. 2.5 MEMB INCI 1 2 6 . 10.12000 -0.00000 0.Part II – Verification Problems 18 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.00000 0.72000 -0.00000 0.48000 -0.12000 -0.00000 0.89516 -2.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. ANSWER .00000 0.63033 0. 8 45.00000 0. 5 1 2 6 2 3 . 7. 22. 9 3 7 10 1 6 . 4 4 5 . 11 5 8 .0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 13/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00000 0. 20. 7 8 PRI AX 1.

19 Verification Problem No. REFERENCE: McCormack. E and I same for all members COMPARISON: Moment. page 385. “Structural Analysis. C.40 69. J. problem 22 . 3rd edition.6.44 Small . PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the structure. 8 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to a concentrated load on the horizontal member in a 1x1 bay plane frame. 1975.” Intext Educational Publishers.. Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 69.

5. 3. 8 * * PLANE FRAME WITH SIDESWAY.91 0.00 0. * ANSWER .34 -69. .00 0.00 66.74 -3.00 0.00 0.74 20. 1 4 FIXED LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD MEMBER LOAD 2 CON Y -30. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 69. 8.09 -20.66 45. 10. 13.4 KIP-FT * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0.00 0.09 -3.00 0.44 2 1 2 3 3.74 -3.91 3. 2. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.74 0. 20.00 0.00 0. 21.51 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23. 10. 4.00 0. 12.00 0.74 0. 10.74 3.00 0. 17. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.KIP FEET (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 20. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 6 22. FINISH . 11. 7.Part II – Verification Problems 20 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.00 -5. 18. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. PAGE 385 PROB 22-6.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.MAX BENDING IN MEMB 1 = 69.00 0. 4 30 0 MEMB INCI 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 2 3 TAB ST W12X26 CONSTANT E 4176E3 POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .00 0.09 9. 6.91 -9. Intl. 19.66 3 1 3 4 9. 16. 2 0 30 . REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' * BY JACK MCCORMACK.00 0. 3 30 30 . 15.00 0. 14.44 -66. 9.

01 0.40 178. 1975. REFERENCE: McCormack.” Intext Educational Publishers. example 22 . C.7. Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 176.91% . J. COMPARISON: Moment.. “Structural Analysis. page 388.21 Verification Problem No. 3rd edition. E and I same for all members. 9 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to lateral joint loads in a 1x2 bay plane frame. PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the frame.

94 -14.00 0. 5 FX 10 PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 6/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.97 -4.00 178. PROB 22-7. 11. 2.00 0.03 0.91 -15. * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK MCCORMACK.00 0.24 5 1 3 4 9.51 6. 4.00 0. 6 5 6 MEMB PROP 1 TO 6 PRI AX .00 0.MAX MOM IN MEMB 1 = 176. 7. 8. 17.00 0.49 64.03 -5.00 0.51 5.00 0.00 -64.00 0.34 65.4 K-F * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 5 0 40 0 2 .16 2 1 2 4 22.26 22. 19. 6. 3 3 5 4 . 15. 21.93 4 1 4 6 6.00 0.00 0.73 122. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO.06 0. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0. 13.03 -5. 14.2 IZ . 16.65 -157.51 6. 12.00 34.75 15.00 0.00 0.91 -9.00 0.1 CONSTANT E 4176E3 POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .00 0. * PAGE 388.00 0.97 0. 18.44 6 1 5 6 5.00 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00 0. 1 2 FIXED LOAD 1 HORIZONTAL LOAD JOINT LOAD 3 FX 20 .00 0.75 0.00 0.Part II – Verification Problems 22 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.00 35. 2 20 0 0 6 20 40 0 2 MEMB INCI 1 1 3 2 . FINISH .00 0.00 176. 9 * * MULTIPLE LEVEL PLANE FRAME WITH HORIZONTAL LOAD.00 0.06 -15.00 -157.00 0. 3. Intl. 9.93 -65. 5 3 4 . 20.51 0.00 0. 5. ANSWER .26 -22.94 0.26 14.10 3 1 3 5 -6.KIP FEET (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 3 -22.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 12 22. 10.00 0.24 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23.03 -6.51 -6.26 15.51 4.00 0.00 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.01 123.

“Computer Programs for Structural Analysis.” page 146. GIVEN: E = 30E3 ksi.120 Small .47 1.47 None MY.04 84. 10 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum axial force and moment due to load and moment applied at a joint in a space frame.Max (kip-in) 95.23 Verification Problem No. problem 8.04 None MZ.. REFERENCE: Weaver Jr.. PROBLEM: Determine the maximum axial force and moment in the space structure. AX = 11 in2 IX = 83 in4 IY = 56 in4 IZ = 56 in4 COMPARISON: Solution Reference STAAD Difference FMax (kips) 1.319 96.Max (kip-in) 84. W.

IX 83. STAAD SPACE VERIFICATION PROB NO. E 30000. 10 * * REFERENCE 'COMPUTER PROGRAMS FOR STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' * BY WILLIAM WEAVER JR.43 0.22202 0. 2 240 120 0 3 0 0 0 .319 (BOTH MEMB 3) * UNIT INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 120 0 .25 96.90 -0. 20.00000 Z-ROTAN -0.00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 -1.78 123. IZ 56 CONSTANT . 16. ALL POISS .00217 0.00000 0.00000 0.17182 -0. 5.43 1.MAX AXIAL FORCE= 1. 15. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 2. 17.72 .00000 0. 12.70161 0. 19.00000 -0. 14.00000 -0.47 (MEMB 3) * MAX BEND-Y= 84.00255 -0.00435 0. 3 2 4 MEMB PROP 1 2 3 PRIS AX 11. 2 3 1 .22 48.25 ALL SUPPORT 3 4 FIXED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD JOINT LOAD 1 FX 2. PAGE 146 STRUCTURE NO. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULT JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 LOAD 1 1 1 1 X-TRANS 0.00101 0. 2 FY -1. .08 -17. 4 360 0 120 MEMB INCI 1 1 2 . 7.97 47.04.22 -0.00000 0.22267 0. 22. .10 -0. MAX BEND-Z= 95. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 12 24.Part II – Verification Problems 24 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. * ANSWER . 8. 21.00000 0. 4.00000 0.00016 -0. 11.12 -11. 6. 13. 3.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. PERFORM ANAL P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00802 0.00213 -0. IY 56.48119 0. 8. 23.00000 Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN 0. 10. Intl. 9. 2 MZ -120.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 3 4 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE INCH Y-ROTAN 0. 18.

22 -0.71 -0.78 22.43 0.48 0.12 36.22 -17.43 0.43 1.36 2 1 3 1 -0.43 0.04 -53.48 -37.69 84.32 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 25.71 -22.90 -0.47 -1.25 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.71 96.28 -95.37 3 1 2 4 1.22 22.10 -1.90 -0.71 -17.37 -67.10 0.97 -34.22 -0.97 -48.97 17.18 -36.02 15.02 37. FINISH .47 -0.71 0.KIP INCH (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 0.

Part II – Verification Problems 26 NOTES .

“Strength of Materials. determine the stresses in the copper and steel wires if the temperature rise is 10º F..1 in2 MODELLING HINT: Assume a large moment of inertia for the horizontal rigid member and distribute of the concentrated load as uniform. D. αcopper = 92E-7 in/in/°F AX = 0. Van Nostrand Co. problem 9. COMPARISON: Stress (σ). 3rd edition. psi Solution Theory STAAD Difference σSteel 19695 19698 Small σCopper 10152 10151 Small . 11 OBJECTIVE: A rigid bar is suspended by two copper wires and one steel wire. PROBLEM: Assuming the horizontal member to be very rigid. page 30. S. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. Find the stresses in the wires due to a rise in temperature..” Part 1. GIVEN: Esteel = 30E6 psi. 1956. Ecopper = 16E6 psi αsteel = 70E-7 in/in/°F.27 Verification Problem No.

4 5 PRI AX 1. 0. CONSTANT . PROB 9. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 5/ 3 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 11. 5 5. * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0. 2 5.NO.NO. 3. 6 10. 4 0. MEMB INCI 1 1 4 3 . TEMP LOAD . 18. 21. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 2 EQN. 4.Part II – Verification Problems 28 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.NO. * THE ANSWERS ARE 19700 PSI AND 10200 PSI. 22. 10. 3 ***WARNING . IZ 100. 1 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED. 7. Intl. 2. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 12. . ALPHA 70E-7 MEMB 2 MEMB TRUSS . STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO 11 * * THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' BY * TIMOSHENKO (PART 1). 17. . 20. 19. 16.1 . 3 10.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 20. 14. 1 2 3 SUPPORT . 6.0000000E+00 EQN NO ***NOTE . PRINT STRESSES 7 . 20. 13. 1 2 3 TEMP 10. 24. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION. 9. 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 12 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 1 EQN.4 5 UNI Y -400. 8.15 ALL ALPHA 92E-7 MEMB 1 3 .2000001E+04 L-MATRIX DIAG= 0. 1 2 3 PINNED LOADING 1 VERT LOAD + TEMP LOAD MEMB LOAD . 15. 0.VERY WEAK SPRING ADDED FOR STABILITY 25. 2 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 3 EQN. 20. PAGE 30. 23. 5. . 4 4 5 5 MEMB PROP 1 2 3 PRI AX 0.INSTABILITY AT JOINT 5 DIRECTION = FX PROBABLE CAUSE SINGULAR-ADDING WEAK SPRING K-MATRIX DIAG= 1. E 30E6 MEMB 2 4 5 E 16E6 MEMB 1 3 POISSON 0. .

0 0.4 1522.0 0.0 4 1 .00 0.0 3.0 0.0 10150.8 0.3 T 19698.0 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 19698.0 0.0 0.8 10150.4 0.0 10150.00 10150.0 0.8 T 10150.0 0.0 3.0 0.3 19698.29 MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB LD SECT AXIAL BEND-Y BEND-Z COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 1 .0 2 1 .8 1522.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.8 T 0.0 0.0 0.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 26.00 10150.0 1.3 T 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.3 0.6 0.0 5 1 .6 1477.0 0.0 3 1 .0 0.0 0.0 0.00 0.8 T 10150.0 0.0 0.8 10150.0 0.0 3.8 0.8 0.00 19698.8 0. FINISH .8 T 0.0 0.0 1477.

Part II – Verification Problems 30 NOTES .

PROBLEM: Determine the vertical deflection at point A and the member stresses. D. page 10.5 in2 L=180” A=0. Van Nostrand Co. 30° 30° L=180” A=0.31 Verification Problem No. Inc.. problem 2.. REFERENCE: Timoshenko.” Part 1.12 0.12 None . E = 30E6 psi COMPARISON: Stress (σ).. psi and Deflection (δ). in. None δA 0.5 in2. S. 3rd edition.5 in2 P=5000 GIVEN: lb AX = 0. Solution Theory STAAD Difference σA 10000. 1956. “Strength of Materials. 10000. 12 OBJECTIVE: To find the joint deflection and member stress due to a joint load in a plane truss.

0 T AXIAL BEND-Y 0.0 BEND-Z 0. 9. 1 3 PINNED LOAD 1 VERT LOAD JOINT LOAD . DEFLECTION = 0. 16.00000 0. 3 311.88457 -90.00 10000. 6. 12. 2.00000 Z-ROTAN 0. FINISH .0 10000. .0 0. 2 FY -5000.00 10000.00000 0.00000 0.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23.00000 0. 18.0 0.0 10000. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 3/ 2/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 5.00000 0.00000 0. MEMB INCI . 2 155.0 T 0.0 1.0 0. 8. 17.0 0.0 0.0 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. PRINT STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 LD 1 SECT .00000 0. 11. 4.0 1.0 0.00000 0.12 INCH * AND STRESS =10000 PSI * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0.76914 0.0 T 10000. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 2 21. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 12 * * THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' * (PART 1) BY TIMOSHENKO.0 0. Intl. 7.0 0.0 0.00000 0. 0.0 T 10000.00000 0.00000 0. 13.00000 0. PAGE 10 PROB 2.0 0. 10. 1 1 2 2 MEMB PROP 1 2 PRIS AX 0. * THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK .0 10000.0 2 1 . 14.00000 0.5 CONSTANT E 30E6 POISSON 0.00000 0. 20.0 10000. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. .0 0.Part II – Verification Problems 32 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 0.15 ALL SUPPORT . PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 1 1 1 0. 19. 3.12000 0.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22.00000 -0. 15.

33 .

Part II – Verification Problems 34 .