Commercial Goatery 1. Why do goat rearing?

Goat is a multi functional animal and plays a significant role in the economy and nutrition of landless, small and marginal farmers in the country. Goat rearing is an enterprise which has been practiced by a large section of population in rural areas. Goats can efficiently survive on available shrubs and trees in adverse harsh environment in low fertility lands where no other crop can be grown. In pastoral and agricultural subsistence societies in India, goats are kept as a source of additional income and as an insurance against disaster. Goats are also used in ceremonial feastings and for the payment of social dues. In addition to this, goat has religious and ritualistic importance in many societies. The advantages of goat rearing are : i) The initial investment needed for Goat farming is low. ii) Due to small body size and docile nature, housing requirements and managemental problems with goats are less. iii) Goats are friendly animals and enjoy being with the people. iv) Goats are prolific breeders and achieve sexual maturity at the age of 10-12 months gestation period in goats is short and at the age of 16-17 months it starts giving milk. Twinning is very common and triplets and quadruplets are rare. v) In drought prone areas risk of goat farming is very much less as compared to other livestock species. vi) Unlike large animals in commercial farm conditions both male and female goats have equal value. vii) Goats are ideal for mixed species grazing. The animal can thrive well on wide variety of thorny bushes, weeds, crop residues, agricultural by-products unsuitable for human consumption. viii)Under proper management, goats can improve and maintain grazing land and reduce bush encroachment (biological control) without causing harm to the environment. ix) No religious taboo against goat slaughter and meat consumption prevalent in the country. x) Slaughter and dressing operation and meat disposal can be carried without much environmental problems. xi) The goat meat is more lean (low cholesterol) and relatively good for people who

prefer low energy diet especially in summer and sometimes goat meat (chevon) is preferred over mutton because of its "chewability" xii)Goat milk is easy to digest than cow milk because of small fat globules and is naturally homogenized. Goat milk is said to play a role in improving appetite and digestive efficiency. Goat milk is non allergic as compared to cow milk and it has antifungal and anti bacterial properties and can be used for treating urogenital diseases of fungal origin. xiii) Goats are 2.5 times more economical than sheep on free range grazing under semi arid conditions. xiv)Goat creates employment to the rural poor besides effectively utilising unpaid family labour. There is ample scope for establishing cottage industries based on goat meat and milk products and value addition to skin and fiber. xv)Goat is termed as walking refrigerator for the storage of milk and can be milked number of times in a day. 2 Scope for goat rearing and its national importance 2.1 The country has 115.278 million goat as per 1992 livestock census has increased to 120.8 million in 1997 and ranks first in the world. The state wise goat population is given in Annexure-I. Goat meat production stands at the level of 0.47 million tonnes. The slaughter rate of goat is at the level of 39.7 % as compared to 31.8% for sheep and 11% for buffaloes respectively. Goat also produce 2.55 million tonnes of milk and 0.1288 million tonnes of skin as per FAO 189 records 2002 report (Annexure-II).The trend in consumption of mutton and goat meat shows increase from 467000MT in 1981 to 696000 MTin 2002indicating annual compound growth rate of 1.28 % during 9202.Sheep and goat meat production has reached 700400MT during 2002in India. Ovine meat export has touched 29670 thousand $ during 2000 which was then reduced to 5635thousand $ during 2001. 2.2 Goat make a valuable contribution to the livelihood of economically weaker sections of the society. Amongst the livestock owners goat rearers are the poorest of the lot. 2.3 Realizing the importance of goat in the agrarian economy of the country, various developmental activities have been taken up by Govt. of India. The Central Government had established Central Institute for Research on Goats at Makhdoom, Farah, Mathura District, Uttar Pradesh. During VIII Plan Period Seven Intensive goat breeding farms were proposed with the objectives: i) To produce 1000 stud bucks per year for the distribution among goat rearers ii) To improve yield of milk and chevon through selective breeding of regular breeds like

iv) To conserve germ plasm of regular breeds like Jamnapari. 3. marketing aspects.2 Loan from banks with refinance facility from NABARD is available for starting Goat farming. Nearness of the Goat farm to a veterinary aid centre and breeding centre should be ensured.1 A scheme can be prepared by a beneficiary after consulting local technical persons of State animal husbandry department. rearing cost of animals till it generates income etc. planning and operation in the field of agricultural credit. fodders. Sirohi etc. veterinary aid. 3. However. Malbari. detailed reports will have to be prepared. If possible the beneficiaries should also visit progressive goat rearers and government/ military/ agricultural university farms in the vicinity and discuss the profitability of goat rearing. experience of the farmer and the type of assistance available from State Government. breeding facilities.Jamnapari. Black Bengal. iii)Cross breeding of non Pashmina goats with Angora goats to produce Mohair in Jammu and Kashmir. The Technical Officer attached to or the Manager of the bank can also help/give guidance to the farmers in preparing the project report to obtain bank loan. Barbari. production performance. the farmers should apply to the nearest branch of a Commercial or Co-operative or Regional Rural Bank in their area in the prescribed application form which is available in the branches of financing bank. Jhalawadi. Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. cost and other relevant input and . 3. It serves as refinancing agency for the institutions providing investment and production credit for agriculture and rural development. if land is purchased for setting up a goat farm its cost can be treated as party's margin as per the norms. Beetal. Jakhrana. their breeds. purchase of equipments. Financial assistance available from banks/NABARD for Goat rearing 3. training facilities. Scheme formulation 4. Barbari. availability of water. construction of sheds.3 The scheme should also include information on number and types of animals to be purchased. 4.2 The scheme should include information about land. It promotes development through a well organised Technical Services Department at the head office and Technical Cells at each of the Regional Offices. 4. Beetal. For obtaining bank loan. The items of finance would include costs of assets like Development of land. purchase of breeding stock.1 NABARD is an apex institution for all matters relating to policy. The cost of land is not considered for loan. feed. A good practical training and experience in goat rearing will be highly desirable. 4. livestock markets. Commercial farmers etc.3 For goat rearing schemes with very large outlays.

B) Economic Viability . profit and loss statement. etc. . The bank's officers can assist in preparation of the scheme or filling in the prescribed application form. insurance charges. v) Availability of Green/dry fodder. repayment period etc. The scheme so formulated should be submitted to the nearest branch of bank. medicines etc. vi) Cash flow analysis. A) Technical Feasibility . veterinary aid. The bank will then examine the scheme for its technical feasibility and economic viability. requirement of the bank loan. the total cost of the project. can be worked out and included in the scheme.This would briefly include i) Nearness of the selected area to veterinary dispensary. goat breeding centre. iv) Availability of good grazing ground/lands. Based on this.This would briefly include : i) Unit cost of animals ii) Input cost for feeds and fodders. manure/penning charges.output costs with their description. vi) Availability of veterinary aid/breeding centers and marketing facilities near the same area. Requirements of a Good Project A format developed for formulation of Goat rearing schemes is appended as AnnexureIII. The distribution of goat breeds in India is given in Annexure-IV and Fig. 5. marketing outlets for fattened kids/meat and the financing bank's branch.e. estimated annual expenditure. 1. concentrate feed. iii) Availability of training facilities. Production parameters of breeds are given in Annexure V and VI. ii) Availability of good quality animals in nearby livestock markets. sale price of live animals. v) Income-expenditure statement and annual gross surplus. income. iv) The average unit cost (indicative only) of goat rearing units is assumed for calculating project cost. margin money to be provided by the beneficiary. etc. iii) Output costs i.

a) b) c) Category of Farmer Small farmer Medium farmers Large farmers Beneficiary's contribution 5% 10% 15% 7. No. are also examined. The model economics of goat rearing unit of 50+2 under semi intensive system is given in Annexure VIIa to VIIf. the scheme is sanctioned by the Bank.0 Lending Terms . The loan is disbursed in stages against creation of specific assets. Sr.3 Interest Rate for ultimate borrowers : Banks are free to decide the rate of interest within the overall RBI guidelines. repayment of principal loan amount and interest).2 Margin Money: NABARD has defined farmers into three different categories and where subsidy is not available the minimum down payment as shown below is collected from the beneficiaries.General 7. for working out the financing viability and bankability of the model project we have assumed the rate of interest as 12% p. 7. margin money requirements etc. .1 Unit cost: Each Regional Office of NABARD has constituted a State Level Unit Cost Committee under the chairmanship of RO-in-charge and with the members from developmental agencies. The same is circulated among the banks for their guidance. Sanction of Bank Loan and its Disbursement After ensuring technical feasibility and financial viability. commercial banks and co-operative banks to review the unit cost of various investments once in six months.However. purchase of equipments and animals. Other documents such as loan application forms. A field visit to the scheme area is undertaken for conducting a techno-economic feasibility study for appraisal of the same.vii) Repayment schedule (i.a. security aspects.e. 6. The end use of the loan is verified and constant follow-up is done by the bank. 7.

5 Repayment Period of Loan: Repayment period depends upon the gross surplus in the scheme. 7. 9) Dispose of dung and urine properly. The loans will be repaid in suitable half yearly/annual instalments usually within a period of about 5-6 years with a grace period of one year. . 7. marshy areas. 2) Avoid water-logging. 5) The shed should be 10 ft.7. 8) Provide proper shade and cool drinking water in summer. where ever it is applicable. 8.4 Security: Security will be as per NABARD/RBI guidelines issued from time to time. 4) In temperate Himalayan region the floor may be made of wood. 6) Bucks should be housed in individual pens. The present rate of insurance premium for non IRDP schemes is 4% per annum. high and should have good ventilation. Some of the recommended practices are given here under : I.Package of Common Management Practices Recommended for Goat rearing Modern and well established scientific principles. 3) In low lying and heavy rainfall areas the floors should be preferably elevated.6 Insurance: The animals may be insured annually or on long term master policy. The housing space required for 11) goats of various age groups is given in Annexure VIII. Housing management: 1) Construct shed on dry and properly raised ground. 7) Does can be housed in group’s upto 60 per pen. practices and skills should be used to obtain maximum economic benefits from goat rearing. 10) Give adequate space for the animals.

Offer roughages adlib. As a thumb rule 2/3rds of the energy requirements should be met through roughages. 5. Feeding management: 1. supply of cultivated fodder from own farm or from surrounding farms may be ensured. concentrates must be considered to replace them.Ensure Bushes/shrubs for browsing of animals 2. Animals in good health and having good physical features must be purchased in consultation with Veterinarian/ Bank's technical officer. 9. III. 7. Later on they can be put on Kid .Keep the newly purchased animals under observation for about 15 days and then mix with the general flock.12) Avoid over stocking or crowding II. In the absence of good quality green fodders.Purchase animals which are ready to breed and in prime stage of production.Identify the newly purchased animals by suitable identification mark. Avoid the kidding during peak periods of summer and winter. 3. Kids should be fed colostrum upto 5 days of age. Cull the old animals at the age of 6 years and above. Vaccinate the newly purchased animals against the diseases 6. Selection of breeding stock and it's management: 1. As an alternative to above. 10. 6. 4. Half of the roughages should be leguminous green fodders and rest half should be grasses/tender tree leaves. 4. Immediately after release of the loan purchase the stock from a reliable breeders or from nearest livestock market. 2. Animals are to be bred at the interval of 8-9 months for maximum productivity. 3. 5.Unproductive animals should be culled promptly and should be replaced by the newly purchased animals or farm born one 8.

fever. to kids from 15 days onwards. 3. For every 25 does one buck should be provided in one breeding season. 6. 2. IV. It should be planned to obtain 3 kiddings in 2 years period by adopting optimal management conditions. immediately segregate the sickanimals from healthy one and take necessary disease control measures. Be on the alert for signs of illness such as reduced feed intake. Protection against diseases: 1. 10. Examine the faeces of adult animals to detect eggs of internal parasites and treat the animals with suitable drugs. 7. Provide clean and uncontaminated feed and water for minimising the health disorders. 5.Provide salt and water to kids at all times 9. 7. 3.starter rations. 4. 4. 8. abnormal discharge or unusual behaviour. 2. V. 2. Strictly follow the recommended vaccine schedule as given in Fig.Care should be taken to meet the nutrient requirements as recommended (Annexure-IX). Breeding care: 1. In case of outbreak of contagious diseases. Unbreedable animals must be examined thoroughly as directed by veterinary doctor for prompt elimination of causes for anoestrum or cull them if necessary.Green leguminous fodders should be offered adlib. Protect the animals against common diseases. Deworm the animals regularly. Breed the animals 12 hours after the onset of the first symptoms of heat for maximum conception. 8. Additional concentrates should be given to bucks and does during breeding season. . Consult the nearest veterinary aid centre for help if illness is suspected.

. 6. Protect the kids from extreme weather conditions. 2. Marketing: The marketable products of goat farming include the fattened kids. Care during pregnancy: In advanced stage of pregnancy the does must be transferred to either kidding pens or separately earmarked space for kidding within the main shed after thoroughly disinfecting it. particularly during the first two months. Male kids should be castrated for better quality meat production. 4. After kidding. Marketing avenues for the above products are slaughter houses and individual meat consuming customers and agriculture farms. Proper selection of kids on the basis of initial body weight and weaning weight should be initiated by maintaining appropriate records for replacing the culled adult stock as breeders. 3. Treat / disinfect the naval cord with tincture of iodine as soon as it is cut with a sharp knife. Care of kids: 1. manure. Dehorn the kids during first two weeks of age 5.VI. the does should be provided with warm bran mash for two days. Therefore availability of either slaughtering facilities or traders who will purchase live animals should be ensured to convert the fatteners into wholesome meat and meat products. 9. VII. Further. demand for manure from nearby agriculture farms must also be ensured. VIII. Wean the kids at the age of 8 weeks 8. Vaccinate the kids as per the recommended schedule 7. culled animals. Additional feed requirements of lactating does must be ensured for proper nursing of all the piglets born. Take care of new born kids by providing guard rails.

T.Annexure I STATEWISE GOAT POPULATION IN INDIA (1997) (inthousands) Sl No.s Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Total 5213 154 2717 20229 2154 13 4386 968 1168 1864 4875 1598 6470 11434 33 280 15 161 5772 414 16971 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 States/U.

22 23 24 25 26 27 Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttaranchal West Bengal Union Territories 86 6416 639 11784 1070 15648 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 Andaman & Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra & N Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Pondicherry All INDIA 71 1 20 5 25 26 41 122721 Annexure II .

Name of the branch District .55 : FAO Meat Production Skin Production (Million (Million MT) MT) 0. of units Sr. a) b) c) v) Specification of the scheme area(Name of District & Block/s) Sr.470 Production 0.469 0.1288 year book (2002) 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Source Annexure III Format for submission of schemes Scheme : Commercial Goat farming 1.4 2.126 0.127 0. District Block vi) Names of the financing bank's branches Sr.5 2. GENERAL i) ii) iii) iv) Name of the sponsoring bank Address of the controlling scheme Nature and objectives of the proposed scheme Details of proposed investments Investment No.5 2.No.No. MEAT.462 0.No.128 0. SKIN AND MANURE PRODUCTION IN INDIA Year Milk Production (Million MT) 2.3 2.467 0.1288 0.466 0.GOAT MILK.

etc. TECHNICAL ASPECTS a) Animals v) vi) vii) viii) ix) Proposed Breed Age of the animal Arrangements for vaccination. identification and health certificate Insurance Cost of buck/does b) Production parameters i) ii) iii) iv) Age at first Kidding Kidding interval Kidding percentage Number of kids produced . small.) ix) Details of borrowers profile (Not applicable to area based schemes) (a) Capability (b) Experience (c) Financial soundness (d) Technical/Other special Qualifications (e) Technical/Managerial Staff and adequacy thereof 2. medium & large farmers as per NABARD's norms. SC/ST.a) b) c) vii) Status of Society/Others beneficiary/ies: Partnership/ Company/Corporation/Co-operative viii) In case of area based schemes. coverage of borrowers in weaker sections (landless labourers.

FINANCIAL ASPECTS i) Unit cost Sr.v) vi) vii) Mortality of adults/ young ones Age at which kids are sold Body weight of animals c) Flock projection-For big units only (with all assumptions) d) Housing i) ii) iii) iv) Type of housing Floor space . Name of investment Size of unit Unit cost with Whether component wise approved by state breakup (Rs.) level unit cost committee a) b) c) Total ii) Down payment/margin/ subsidy (Indicate source & extent of subsidy) .No.adults/ kids Cost of construction Other civil structures (for commercial units) e) Equipment needed i) ii) iii) Water troughs Feeding troughs Other equipments like chaff cutter etc f)Comments on technical feasibility g)Government restrictions. if any 3.

) Total Bank units outlay(Rs.) Refinance assistance (Rs.) Margin loan (Rs.iii) Year .wise physical & financial programme.) (Rs.) Total iv) Financial viability ( comment on the cash flow projection on a farm model / unit and enclose the same ) Particulars a) Internal Rate of Return (IRR) b) Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR) c) Net Present Worth (NPW) v) Financial position of the borrowers (to be furnished in case of corporate bodies/partnership firms) a) Profitability ratio i) GP ratio ii) NP ratio b) Debt equity ratio c) Whether Income tax & other tax obligations are paid upto date d) Whether audit is upto date financial statements for the last three years) vi) Lending Terms i) Rate of interest ii) Grace period iii) Repayment period iv) Nature of Security (enclose copies of audited Item of investment X Y Z . Year Investment No. of Unitcost(Rs.

v) Availability of Government guarantee wherever necessary 4. INFRASTRUCTURAL FACILITIES a) Availability of animals i) Source ii) Place of purchase iii) Distance iv) Type of arrangements for purchase v) Availability in required numbers b) Grazing/fodder land i) Adequacy ii) Distance and duration of grazing iii) Condition of grazing lands iv) Cost to be paid per animal v) Green fodder: Type of fodder grown Area under fodder crops Cost of fodder cultivation (If it is own fodder cultivation) b) Feeding i) Type of feeds ii) Source iii) Cost/animal/year c) Breeding / Veterinary services .

Source .Duration iii) Other Government support f) Supervision and Monitoring arrangements available with bank Annexure IV Goat breeds of India and their description .Periodicity . per animal or Kg) .i) Source ii) Place iii) Distance iv) Type of services available v) Availability of staff vi) Cost/animal/year d) Marketing i)Source for fattened kids/culled animals ii) Place iii) Distance iv) Price realised (Rs.Fattened kids e) Other aspects i) Source of technical guidance ii) Training facilities .Culls .

07 +_ 2.45 +_0. North. under small and and round long white hairs M 20.0.72+ .66 + .1.89 F 38. roman nose.52 3.82 F 34.0. udder large and well set 2.39+_1.63 Predominantly white with brown patches on neck and face. Ears medium and drooping.56 from while to grey with black or tan F 20.12 mixed with greyish red producing F 20.0. Producing pashmina as under coat Coat is usually white M 21. Temperate Gaddi 2 Fibre Body size 3 Adult Weight 4 Confirmation 5 Medium M 27.41 patches M 44. long and pendulous ears.37+.51 seen.0.35 + .45 pashmina as under coat Coat colour vary M 25. tuff of hairs on buttocks.75+.23 + . nose convex.0.24 Predominantly white F19.41 Changthangi Fibre Small Chegu Fibre Small Shingari Meat Small Coat colour is while but black and brown combination is also F 24.97 +_ 0.Western Region Jamunapari Milk Large Beetal Milk Large M 59.03 + .45+ . large and developed udder Coat colour is black or brown with white patches.15 but grey.Region/breed Utility 1 1.0.Southern Region . Large horns.0. Face convex. brown or black also found. long and flat ears.

1.96 + .48 + . udder is small.2.2.3.31+ .32 F 31. narrow forehead.Osmanabadi Milk & Meat Medium M 33. udder very small Tall.37 + . medium sized ears.0.36 + . udder small Colour is black. profile.67 Ganjam Meat Medium M 44.0. Ears are medium and drooping. Eastern Region Bengal Meat Small M 32.55 Malabari Milk & Meat Medium M 38. brown or grey.37 Assam Hill Meat Small M 25.55 F 32. small twisted horns.0.0. medium long ears.12 F 18. 4. udder is large with conical teats. straight long horns.44 F 28.13 F 31.80 + .2.67 Jakharana Milk Large M 57. coat colour vary from black to brown and spotted ears small and flat Coat is predominantly black with white spots on ears. coat is black. black or brown with spots.31 + .05+ .97 + .1. udder small and round Body colour white.2. white or spotted.90 Sangamneri Meat Medium M 38.37 + .74 F 18.50 F 44.0. short horns both sexes have beard.0. udder poorly developed Small body with short leg.49 Coat colour variableblack.87+ .12 + .0.66 + . round with short teats Coat colour vary from complete white to complete black. laggy. white or brown or spotted.45+ . medium sized ears.52 .

long twisted horns.46 F 32. flat ears. Coat is black with long hairs.0. small horns.16 F 39. large udder with conical teats.0. long hairs. udder well set with small teats Coat is predominantly black.17 Barbari Milk & Meat Medium M 30.96 F 22. udder well developed. coat colour predominantly brown with light or dark patches.32 Surti Milk Medium M 29. coat colour is white with brown patches. medium sized ears.84+ .1.37+ .50 F Compact body. very well developed udder .54+ . Predominantly black coat with long hairs.1. udder medium sized and round Body compact.0.2.51 F 32. few animals with white or brown patches. udder is round and small The coat is black with white spots at the hase of the ears. Leaf like & droop-ing ears.38 Marwari Milk and Meat Medium M 33.29 Mehasana Milk and Meat Medium M 37.0.1.56+ .29+ .0.14+ . twisted horns. few with brown or white spots.50+ .38 Zalawadi Milk and Meat Medium M 38. Western Region Sirohi Milk & Meat Large M 50.50+.17 Kutchi Milk and Meat Medium M 43.1.1.29+ . long and drooping ears.77 F 25.0. shining eyes. short erect ears.85+ .0.52 F 22.8+ . White in colour.5. developed udder. long and drooping ears.18+ .99+ .

10 35.82 113.27 121.43 90. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Source Annexure . Makhdoom M .56 :CIRG.) Repayment period (Years) Interest rate (%) BCR AT 15% DF 50 Does + 2 bucks Osmanbadi Karnataka 148764 126449 22315 6 years with one year grace period 12 1.MaleF-Female Source Annexure .At a glance 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Unit Size Breed State Unit Cost (Rs.VI MILK PRODUCTION PARAMETERS (TRAITS) OF IMPORTANT GOAT BREEDS Sr.No.43 101.80+_8.60:1 Breed Jamunapari Beetal Jakharana Sirohi Marwari Kutchi Barbari Sangamneri Malabari Bengal Location yield (Kg) 201.60+_2.39 173.02+_4.90+_1.) Bank Loan (Rs.40+_3.06+_2.62+_2.Source : CIRG. Loctation (days) 194 182 115 194 197 195 152 168 178 111 length : CIRG. Makhdoom Makhdoom .78 83.84 95.67+_6.) Margin Money (Rs.49+_2.43 124.20+_1.VIIa Economics of Goat Farming .

electricity and other misc.040 9.INVESTMENT COST Sr.ft/kid (Thatch roof) -Does Buck Does Buck 2 3 Equipment Cost of Animals 52 50 2 50 10 1600 2200 520 80000 4400 3200 176 1./Unit) No.75 kg/month for 3 50 months 44 20 5 Buck -7.VIIb ECONOMICS OF GOAT FARMING .420 50 2 68 1 Shed Does-10s.) IRR (%) 142653 < 45% Annexure . Items Specifications Physical Unit Cost Total (Rs.5 kg/month for 3 months 2 1 225 Kids -3./buck Kids-4s.ft.10 11 NPW at 15% DF (Rs. expenses 64 1 52 1 1250 10 1200 15000 520 . 35 28.ft/animal Buck-20 s.) Units (Rs.000 5063 4 Insurance 5 6 7 Veterinary aid Fodder cultivation Supplementary 2 52 Per season for two acres 2 & for 3 seasons Does-6.75 kg/month for one month 8 9 Labour wages Water.

of Bucks No.per sft) Cost of equipment (Rs.500 2 ii iii iv v . i Kids 15 Saleable age of kids (months) 8-9 Culling of does (% per year) from second year onwards 20 Expenditure norms Space requirement (st. of acres Concentrate feed : 20 10 4 35 10 1./acre/season) b) No.per head) Buck Doe Kids Cost of construction (Rs.TECHNO-ECONOMIC PARAMETERS No. of kiddings per year Sex ratio Mortality(%) Adults 2 50 10-12 8 85 60 1. i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix B.VIIc 148764 22315 Say 126449 ECONOMICS OF GOAT FARMING .5 1:1 5 A.10 Total Cost 11 Margin Money @15% of total cost 12 Bank loan @85% of total cost Annexure . of Does Production Traits Age at Maturity (Months) Kidding interval (Months) Kidding percentage Twinning percentage No.per adult animal) a) Cost of green fodder cultivation (Rs.

vi vii Adult does (one month before breeding and one month 6. expenses (Rs.e. i ii iii iv v vi 1000 900 1200 1500 600 vii 10 D.75 kg per month after kidding i. I 1 Costs Capital cost * Years I 111340 II III IV V VI . electricity and other misc./bag) (13. i ii iii Repayment norms: Repayment period (years) Grace Period (years) Interest rate(%) 6 1 12 ECONOMICS OF GOAT FARMING ./buck) Sale value of male/female kids (Rs.CASH FLOW STATEMENT Sr. Feed (Rs./kid) Income from manure is not assumed as it is used on the own farm Sale of Gunnyu bags (Rs.75 kg per kid Kids (for 30 days) Cost of conc./kid) Sale price of Doelings (Rs./adult/year) Water.per month) Insurance (as percentage of the cost of breeding stock) Veterinary aid (Rs.3 bags / tonne) 1250 4 20 10 viii ix x C. per kidding) 7./adult) Income norms : Sale price of Bucklings (Rs.) 1 Labour wages (Rs.5 kg per month Bucks (two months per breeding season) 3./kg) 5 Labour (No./doe) Sale price of culled Buck (Rs. Particulars No./kid) Sale of culled does (Rs.

040 3376 520 225 5063 2400 1.000 9. supplementary feed.18:1 VII IRR 25% Recurring cost Grren fodder cultivation cost Feed cost Bucks Does Kids Medicines/Vet.000 9.000 9. charges Insurance Misc. .040 225 5063 2400 1.040 3376 520 225 5063 1200 1.000 9. veterinary aid.040 3376 520 225 5063 2400 1.040 3376 520 225 5063 1200 1.2 a) b) c) d) e) f) II a) b) c) d) 174 77608 57174 82208 42062 21750 46662 146590 NPV cost at 15% 231093 NPV benefits at 15% 272797 V NPW at 15% 41703 V BCR at 15% DF 1. insurance.000 9. labour wages and Misc. expenses. Total benefits NET BNEFITS 9.040 3376 3376 520 520 15000 15000 35424 36624 35424 35546 15000 15000 15000 15000 35424 36624 35424 36624 146764 36624 35424 36624 0 0 0 0 174 174 0 12000 25500 39900 208 107108 3000 12000 25000 17000 174 61174 0 12000 56000 45000 208 113208 3000 12000 29000 17000 174 58174 0 12000 56000 45000 208 113208 104100 11576 61174 228884 25750 193338 * Excludes the capitalised cost for fodder cultivation for one season.(water/electricity charges) Labour wages Total recurring expenses Total costs Benefits Sale of animals Sale of adult Buck Sale of adult Doe Sale of buckling** Sale of doelings** Sale of gunny bags Total income Value of Closing Stock Scrap value of shed and equip. .000 225 5063 1200 1.

VIII SPACE REQUIREMENT OF GOATS Sl.00 60 doe Sq. of 1 Adult 1.** Buckling and doelings cost is assumed as Rs.mt.126449 Interest Rate (%) : 12% Years Income Expe Gross Loan Interest Repayment nses surplus balance — Interest Principal I 174 0 174 126449 15174 0 0 II 107108 36624 70484 141622 16995 16994 30622 III 61174 35424 25750 111000 13320 13320 1000 IV 113208 36624 76584 110000 13200 13200 40000 V 78174 35424 42750 70000 8400 8400 20000 VI 354286 36624 317664 50000 6000 6000 50000 Expenses during first year are other than capitalised amount Net surplus 174 22868 11430 23384 14350 261664 Annexure . 1000/ Rs. No.REPAYMENT SCHEDULE Bank loan : Rs. 950 respectively Annexure . per animals 2 Milch 1. Type goats of Space Maximum requirement No.68 Individual .VIIf ECONOMICS OF GOAT FARMING .

52 2.2 0.2 0.19 0.5 50 weeks of gestation 30 4 50 40 4 50 50 4 50 60 4 50 a) last 6 weeks 25 5 55 of gestation 30 5 55 1.23 0.8 1.8 0.21 0.23 0.34 2. Type of Body DCP No.8 10 10 15 7 20 6 25 5.19 0.27 0.2 0.19 0.(kg) (%) 1 Growing .98 0.98 0.2 0.2 0.27 0.23 1.24 0.21 0.finishing kids a) small breeds 5 12.3 0.8 1.19 2.98 0.18 0.21 0.head per pen doe pens 3 Buck 3.21 0.34 2.52 0.19 0.19 0.16 0.19 0.21 0.34 2.21 1.5 5 goats in percentage or TDN ME Ca P(%) (%) (%) (%) 70 65 65 60 60 70 65 65 60 60 55 2.21 0.22 0.27 0.17 0.5 b) breeds Large 10 15 20 25 30 35 2 12 10 7 6 5.18 Non lactating pregnant does a) first 15 25 4.16 2.23 0.24 0. animals wt.8 1.21 2.4 75 Annexure .8 1.2 .2 0.34 2.4 Individual pens 4 Kids 0.VIII Nutrient requirements of AMOUNT PER KG OF DRY FEED Sr.16 1.16 2.

16 60 4.21 0.8   .18 0.98 Bucks .3 0.24 0.34 lactation 30 6 62 2.16 0.98 60 4.29 0.27 0.34 30 6 65 2.3 50 5 60 2.5 60 2.5 55 53 1.2 0.23 0.18 0.16 40 5 55 1.28 0.5 65 2.16 of lactation 30 5.5 55 1.40 50 3 5 4.16 60 4.34 40 5 64 2.16 0.18 0.22 0.22 0.16 50 5 60 2. adult and yearlings 25 6.17 0.25 0.2 0.2 0.27 0.16 a) Second half 25 5.23 40 5 60 2.breeding.91 0.5 60 2.15 0.17 1.2 0.3 0.19 0.22 0.15 0.14 4 Lactating does a) First half of 25 6 65 2.2 0.19 0.27 0.13 0.16 0.17 0.28 0.5 55 1.18 0.5 60 2.8 80 4 50 1.2 0.21 0.98 70 4 50 1.98 0.5 55 1.98 50 4.

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