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THE LOEB CLASSICAL LIBRARY
EDITED BY
E.

CAPP3, Ph.D., LL.D.

T. E.

PAGE,

Litt D.

W.

II.

D.

ROUSE,

Litt. D.

PHILOSTRATUS
II

PHILOSTRATUS
THE LIFE OF APOLLONIUS OF TYANA
The
Epistles

of Apollonius and the Treatise of Eusebius

WITH AN ENGLISH TRANSLATION BY
F.

C.

CONYBEARE,
TWO VOLUMES
II

M.A.

LATE FELLOW AND PRELECTOR OF UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, OXFORD

IN

LONDON

:

WILLIAM HEINEMANN
:

NEW YORK

G.

P.

PUTNAM'S SONS

MCMXXI

PA

CONTENTS
the life of apoli.onius
(continued)

>

PAGE
1

THE EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS

407

THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIU3

483

II.PHILOSTRATUS BOOK VI VOL. n .

Kara yu. roa-avrp 6elaa.ia.. AWlottwv dyei. S' n w8e iiTOvop. rb irepl yrjv dnrav Ai/3vt]<. Ivara8ov7ro)v yv eirt- /cXv^ei irdcrav 6o<i Alyvrrrov tnr ovk yjapa.evo<. otto- acu /car dv0p(O7rov<i ovopaaral fyireipoi. Q/ceavov ol 7ron)ral KaXovcn.79 eo-irepiov icepa<. oinrco %vp. vivo )jAlo) iraax^i eTreyei to (oairep 'IvSol to 7T/do? eta. BIBwcrtv.ttjv 777309 IvBwv dp.(MA02TPAT0Y TA ES TON TTANEA MIOAAHNION 71 CAP. \ « \ r \ T. Meporjv rvpov 7]V AiyvTTTO) ^vvairrovcra /cat tj/9 dp.. fieye777)09 p.<potv '6p. el he kcli irdaav Aijvtttov AWioiria ^vp.u^ovTe^./3d\oipev. 7rorap.oioi £vvreXoyicrafievm ra .(f>c0. o? i/c iroTaphv Be NecXov AlyvTTToy up^6p. tovtl 8e 7]yojpeda fierpoc /cal rbv irorapLov irpdiTeiv.ev ovv 1) d%ia 7rapa^e/3\T]aOac Iv8oi><i yBe on piT]^ dWr] p.apeTreXOovcra reXevra e? ddXarrav.r}8e/j. i a •> AtuiOTTia oe n > £.ol Be 2 d/j.et' f-y / / i r .

and. J earth under the sun. usaud skirting a part of Libya Incognita. nor for that matter is any other one of the continents that are famous among men and even if you put together all Egypt with and we may regard the river as so combining the two. b 2 . This country supplies Egypt with the river Nile. the comparison.PHILOSTRATUS THE LIFE OF APOLLON1US OF TYANA BOOK VI Ethiopia covers the western wing of the entire citaP. we could not compare the two . the soil of which in flood-time it Now in size this country is not worthy inundates. and brings down from Ethiopia all Egypt. it ends at the*S* sea which the poets call by the name of the Ocean. just as India does the eastern and at Meroe it adjoins Egypt. Ethiopia. after of^orivew wing. so vast is the standard of However their respective rivers. which takes its rise at the cataracts (Catadupi). of comparison with India. that being the name they applied to the mass of water which surrounds the earth.* together with India.

WcpLKopevos yap tttlcov ra AWiottcov re Kal Alyvavra ovop-dfrvcfi. Tlvy- ev avraU e0vr] Kal vXaKTOvvriov ciWo ypvTres he. ola oi>x erepcodt.acrTa. 6 he X070? e? to eavrov itco Kal e\6ip.6vot tov KpoKoheikov TOV ITTTTOV. fioo-Kovcn Kal Orjpia. TTiarovcrdcov he Kal Kal 6 i\e<fias ev \eovre$ eKarepa dXiaKopievos re Kal hovhe.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.(p Kal e\ecpavTi Kai eKeiro he TrdvTa 4 . o piaicov re aWai r)Treipoi. ^Ivhcov Kai aXXj] Kal cohe 6avp. aSX opoid ye. pvpfirjKes AWiottcov. \6jOL T6 opyitOV eV aVTOl<i 'l(TOl.eQa rov dvhpos.r) Kal dvOpcoTrovs pekavas. XP va V opia.vpcp Kal dpcopao-LV re dcr/)p. 'IvSov re zeal NetXoy erovs.ev Kai ra ev 01 avrais dpcopara. el Kal avopuoioi rrjv Iheav eiaiv. ^. dWa tcov. II cap. fiovXovrai. p. TToWa ttjv he jap to)v 'Ivhtov Kal Nei\&> iirWeid^erai. ofiOLOTrjra twv r/Trelpcov nrtarova6(ov p. eTTippalvovcri re /\ y yap ras ^ TjTreipovs ev wpa OTrore 77 777 eo<z tovtov. w? cpaai. XP V(70V 7<V cj)v\aKeq ev rjireipcov rcov eKarepa ahovrai.vKapivov he iirl evervxe Kal \ivcp pi&is Kal p. Kai irorap-cov re irap&yovrai p. to ^pvaoyeaiv tovttXcico virep fxt} acnra^op-evoi. Xevcov.

resemble one another. BOOK VI Indus and the Nile. for many of the religious invocations of the Indians are repeated in the case We have a proof of the similarity of of the Nile. footsteps. II For when he arrived at the confines of Ethiopia chap. the two countries in the spices which are found in them. from what we hear. And the griffins of the Indians and the ants of the Ethiopians. and the name of the place is Sycaminus. according to the tales of poets. the guardians of gold. also in the fact that the lion and the elephant are captured and confined in both the one and the other. when the earth most wants it. yet. which were all lying without anyone to Ethiopians . if we CHAP. for we must resume the not pursue this subject course of our history and follow in the sage's . and other wonders of the kind. he came across a quantity of uncoined gold and betwSS8 linen and an elephant and various roots and myrrh Egyptians and spices. and of black men a feature not found in other continents and we meet in them with races of pigmies and of people who bark in . parts . — — various ways instead of talking. and devoted to 13ut we will the gold reefs of the two countries. play similar for in each country they are.LIFE OF APOLLON1US. though they are dissimilar in form. n and Egypt. They are also the haunts of animals not found elsewhere. For they both spread their inoisture over the land in the summer season. and unlike all other rivers they produce the crocodile and the river-horse and the religious rites celebrated over them correspond with one another. ' consider their natures.

htaXey6p. epdvov TrXijpcoaiv.vveis " ovv o tov to.oi>oovvT(i)V TOiV dv6 pa)7rcov..evoi tow avrois ovtcdv tcl ovk ovTa. opia tojv rjireipiov dXXd *AiroXX(i)VLo<s e'0?. pueXas o diretcetTO alhrjpos. 6 . vofil^erai yap /cal ere dyopav hihoycnv. Sr)\(ocrQ).evo<. &v AldiOTrld ol 6" dveXopievot.ow.. AtO'coires aTrdyovaiv. p. iva i'croT?. axj pLOiro t]ttu)v tov iraTpbs hu^ai. o S' 6 o~fC7)7TTop.eXaivovTai yap ol pev opocpvXoi t/ttov AWiottojv. t% dyopav p. r)v 6/3oXb<.r\v. 6p. ov (paai ev lopa ydp. alayjuvoiro ypi]paTio-Ti]<i fcaXois S' ap elyev. eyu> ev ohqi cr larr}' teal o tl fiovXeTai e? r]p. irciaav %vpL<pepovo~iv e? tov auTOV yJ>)pov dyopav AlyviTTiav laov d. o oiKiav. 6/SoXbv to. ToiavTa Xe^ecov.a<.evo<. ol he paXXov AlyvTTTLCov. KOi ] 7) yi) irdaa eho- Kei paa.? o 7tXovtos aTipwi eirpaTTev re i'/vOei. Ill CAr. ol/covvres ovrrw peXaves.->] r/6ov<. tovia avrois iTrnip^aooai KairijXevt. tcov hiaelcodec. to ypoypa. ol he yp-qaToi" re/cp ical rj ""JLXXrjves.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. ical ^vp(3ovXov<. ovres KaQeipyvvvre^. iroiovpievo<i wairep tou? icaipovs. e<? 8" vlbv 6 7]hr) pev dvya-vkpa TeXovvra h\ &>9 ol/coho- avhpas. o he. adivXa/CTa tcivtcc.£lav ol he d>vovp. f.

Apollonius. yet partly more so than the . usual the topics he talked about. It was a market place to which the Ethiopians bring all the products of their country and the Egyptians in their turn take them all away and bring to the same spot their own wares of equal value. Ill With such 'as conversations. so bartering what they have Now the inhabitants got for what they have not. n meaning of this. remarked. Egyptians. I will explain the chap. and another that he has got a son who has just reached manhood. and a third that he has to pay his subscription to his club. and unless they can force up the price of their goods by chaffering or holding them back and one pretends that he has got a daughter whom it is time to marry." : .LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. the occasions providing chap. and the whole earth would be like one brotherhood. when he realised Compared ^ the character of the market. What a splendid thing then it would be. for they are partly not so black as the Ethiopians. for the same custom still survives among ourselves. BOOK VI watch them at the crossways. and a fifth that he would be ashamed of being a worse man of business than his father was before him. " Contrast ^ading our good Hellenes they pretend they cannot live unless one penny begets another. and ' if the black iron were left to rust in the ground/ for then all men would agree with one another. he turned his m 7 . accordingly. if wealth were held in less honour and equality flourished a little more. of the marches are not yet fully black but are halfbreeds in matter of colour. and a fourth that he is having a house built for him.

irpoaeiTre tovs dvhpa$. avhpes. o-oxbpo- vovvtl he avrw prjrpuia eiroiei." Kal hit)\0e tov eyyv<i pi]Tpvid<. co? dvhpoyv aocbcov eh] to TrXrfpcopa..Tipa- aiwv pev tw peipaKiw tovtw ovopa dpri virair-yei teal rrjv y\v. rots Tpiftcoai Kal tols ot9 Trpoaeairovha^ov. Kal ifcireve irpoahovval tov ttXov Koivcovias epcovTi aortas. inrep ov rdhe dvaypdcpei Adpi<.e re.. ovv avair\eovTa tov AttoWooviov. AlyinrTiov. rjyeiro o" avroh fieipd/eiov AlyinrTiov. KaT 6<f)da\" " povs avTov l^fjaai. e/cei yap ravra vavv he eylyvero. hiaftdWovaa 6rj\vv 6 S' epacrTals paWov i) <yvvaioi<s \alpovra. 6 T7/9 " " 6 'AttoWojvios. eiirdiv tl virep 8 . Tipaaicov. tccnairXewv avrbs %vvr)K. rrepl Mepcpiv Styraro. Kal 7rpo9 tov eavTov Kv{3epv)']Ti]v he tov (fropTov. epdaa S' eveKeiTO Kal ^aXeirbv tov irarepa wvirep tcai i] ^vvridelcra pev ovhev clvtov co? Qaihpa. irpoaifkeovTo^ peipaKiov en. %vpj3aX\6pevo<. \6yov rrpbs tovs tGs tmv tov eratpcov v<peipev<p &)<? tov<o. Kal IhiocnoXov lha>v ifceKTijro real evavKkiipei iv tw NeiXco. KeXevcras ovv avTov o A7roWcovio<. etckiTroov Nav/cpaTiv." e(j»].FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS c e nf' '%^« eVt Mefivovot. peTa/3d<. o gvvyeaav at vfjes." e<prj. /3ij3\£oi<. i<f)y/3ov he wpav ere eppcoTO. veavicr/cos. peipaKiov. Kal d^iovadco irepl tt}? oi 8' co &v heiTai. o~d><ppo)v.

But when the ships were alongside of one another. in a low tone while the stripling Avas still sailing tOAvards them. for it was there that all this happened." And he further related the story about the step-mother to those of his companions who were nearest to him. because he judged them by the cloaks they wore and the books they were hard at work studying. steps towards BOOK VI Memnon . and after addressing a Avord or tAvo to his pilot. condescending to a lower intrigue than ever Phaedra had done. He had a stepmother who had fallen in love with him and when he rejected her overtures. and was now m ^^? in the prime of life and strength. . about the cargo in his oavii boat. Timasion stepped out of his boat. for you . So he asked them whether they would allow one who was so passionately fond of wisdom as himself to share their voyage and " This Apollonius said youth is wise. and said stripling of Egypt. account gives the following e et Timasion was the name of this stripling.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. them the way. of whom Damis : an Egyptian boy showed chap. oned Naucratis. for she accused him of being effeminate. she set upon him and by way of spiting him had poisoned his fathers mind . against him. Apollonius then ordered him to sit down under his " You eyes. He then. so let him be granted his request. was going down the river when he saw Apollonius sailing up it and lie concluded that the crew consisted of wise men. : : . and he had acquired and manned a boat of his own and Avas plying as a waterman on the Nile. he greeted the company. n who tells who was just emerging from boyhood. and was living in the neighbourhood of Memphis . and of finding his pleasure in favourites He had accordingly abandrather than in women. my friends.

" /cal 6 Adpts. f3a/3ai. ava9apar\<Ta<i Be 6 Tipaalcov. oti prjhev oiei . \e%ov. ogov. " tivcl epavTov Be. "eTepov Kol 10 ere ye\o)TO<. ov/c olBa. ti aoi cpauXov ti xPV°"r ov e/xov el'pyao-Tai. 0) irpoecpr/." p. b pn'jirw yiyvooa/ceis. TavTi yap yapya oo/eei tco ueiro.evcx.d tfpeiBe ttjv epajTrjaiv. enrovTos." eVel Be dp£ap. ij7ro\a/3cov " ti ireTTovOaTe . (pvXa^apievcp yap tl cipiapTelv eoii) /c«9." ov/c ecprj. dyaObv " XPV " vopii- ^eadai z/09. a>9 Baip. Be. i/xoi %vpi(pi7\. cpepotTO.ocrocpoir)<..r]V /cal fiaXkovTa rj rod aropbaro^ e'9 to \e^ai tl pi]." p.e. "edavpidcrapev.ei>ov \eyeiv. yap eipi. eiratvovpev." ecprj. pieipd/cal kiov.FLA VI US PHILOSTRATUS cap." toctovtov olpiai. epcoar/ e/co~Tairj. coenrep ovBe/iia irpoyvooaei e? ainbv /cexpijp.oviw<i auTa tov AttoXXcovlov " TipLaaicov. fcdtj otov .era- opwv Be rbv Tipiaaicova epvOpiwvTa Trjv opp. auT09 B &>9 pirjTpvid p. pieipd/ciov. ti.eva davpaTOS. yap aireyei to. &>9 Tcav croi Bi' pev \vais rcov S" Trap yevoiTo re r]\i/ciav. to yap p. elpr/p. eoifcas rj ydp tow eTTL^copiwv elvai tis.01 BiaXeyr]. tea/cos puev " & deoi. Xcocttoi.el eliru). ciaa eiire ottco? TavTa oo£a- £fct9.r) ciBi/celv ovirco eirai- fcal o 'AttoWojvios. &>9 citto lv^wv p." ecp>]. 0ap. av €7raivedel<. /cal TolaBe.ev /So?/ eV avTov iyevsTO.

there was a shout in recognition of the divine inspiration under which Apollonius had foretold these details. I think. and yet I do not know whether I ought to be considered a good one.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS." But Damis said we were admiring. we continence don't know about yet. Timasion. form these opinions. because you think that you did nothing praise you : ii . as for " It was not that Apollonius your ridicule. and of how he had rejected her advances and when he did so. . : calls as little for your admiration. . how plucked up courage and said shall I describe myself? for I am not a bad boy. just as if he had no fore-knowledge Then Timasion of the youth at his command. ." Then noticing that Timasion blushed and checked his impulse to speak. caught them " Most excellent up and said people. for in the one case evil or what of good you shall be forgiven by me. my boy. and hesitated whether to say or not what he had been going to say." "Bravo. for there is no particular merit in having But Apollonius cried abstained from wrong. but something else which you commends As for you. what is the matter with you ? for my story is one which done of m ." The youth then began to tell them of his step-mother's infatuation for himself. you answer me just as if you were a sage from India for this was just the sentiment But tell me how you came to of the divine Iarchas. my boy. he pressed his question and repeated it. : : . tell me what you have chap. seem to BOOK VI be one of the natives. and how long ago for it strikes me that you have been on your guard against some sin. in consideration of your youth but in the other you shall reap my commendation and become a fellow-student of philosophy with me and with these gentlemen. however. "O Heavens.

ai Ti]v ' puaaivT yap €9 rrjv A<ppohiry}v vftpiae. "-^^(piaco"& p. Kal yvpuvaarLKi)^ e7ra<ppo8l- tco9 d-yjraaOai. irepl Be tov M. itpay vTreprjcrOels ovv o'AttoWojvios.eOa. "Tttotovtw i]yep. 7roX\7]v yap rjyov. 6(p@a\e'9 pLovs. olirocrl he yrrdaOai rrjs deov (pdctkwv.ec" pdniov . " '' 6ebv ev dv6pwneioi<. ovhev 7r/?o? ttjv epwaav eiraOev. aU' dirrfKOev avryv helaa^ ryv deov.oipa$. ov Kal dyvooarcov haipuovcov ficofiol fSpwrai" roaavra dWd top Tipiaauova avrdp ia7rcvhda0r). avrov ov- dX)C yv t% dypoiKorepa<. kcu avro oe to hia{3ef3\rjo~6ai 7rpb<. el to KaKws epdaOai pi] (pvXd^oiro. Xapurpov elpydcrOai" Acppoh'nr) he 6vei<-. rrXrjv 'linroXvrbv ye eKaXei avrov hia tow. 069 Tip* o-(op. re Kal arey/crov p. rjpero 6 'AttoWoovios. Kal hia rovrl 67r' ictcos ovhe (uppohuricov 7jttt]to.epai ye. ypdcpei Adpus' 12 . ouk d^coj craxopoa-vvii^.aros e7rip. c5 p. avrov eirl kepi]. acoeppovearepov yap to irepl rrdvrwv Oewv ev \eyeiv Kal ravra 'AOjjvtj- vahy env. aaxp poavvr) Kal rrpb 'IttttoXvtov rev Srjaecos. ovce epcos 8et? eKcopia^ev. IV CAP. avSpes. re Kal 0eloi<.bvi rrape\6elv (paaiv 69 to repievos tov ^lepLVovos. eare(pavo)adai. 6 pcev p.e\t]0P)vat ehoKei Be Kal rod piyrpvidv eihev. Kal 6 Tipuao-layv. oxrrrep Trpbs rrjv A(ppohirr)v 6 '17T7roXf to?.i//>vovo<. vr] At ocrr)p. rdhe dva'H0O9 p>ev iralha yeveadat avrov.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. ovritosv Qewv. " " eirrev.

: . and yet did not respond to his step-mother's guilty overtures. by Zeus. BOOK VI : And Apollonius asked " Do chap. beyond measure. 13 . very remarkable. I do not class as a form of sobriety for it is a much greater proof of wisdom and sobriety to speak well of all the gods. but went away in terror of the goddess herself. the sacred inclosure of Memnon. they say. . for the latter insulted Aphrodite and that perhaps is why he never fell a victim to the tender passion. where altars are set up in honour even of unknown So great was the interest which he took in gods. : . gentlemen." Thereat Apollonius was delighted " Let us. my boy ? you " answered Yes. But our friend here admits that he is devoted to the goddess. they went on to chap. such as Hippolytus entertained in regard to Aphrodite. Nevertheless he called him Hippolytus for the eyes with which he looked at his step-mother. of whom Damis 1V He says that he was gives the following account." Timasion. especially at Athens.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. . and why love never ran riot in his soul but he was allotted an austere and unbending nature. ." " And Timasion IXI sacrifice to Aphrodite. charms IV Under his guidance. in case he were not on his guard against another's evil passions and the mere aversion to any one of the gods. It seemed also that he was a young man who was its particular about his person and enhanced by attention to athletic exercises. and cried vote a crown to him for his continence rather than to Hippolytus the son of Theseus. every day for I consider that this goddess has great influence in human and divine affairs.

Be to dyaXpua t?}9 d/cr2vo<. yevetda/cov. /j.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.?]Tra) to Be dyaX/xa rerpd(pdai 777309 d/CTiva \idov dfi(j)(D he. ort pLrjBe dcpLKeaOai e? Tpoiav. t/}<? (p0ey$ja- o~0ai p-ep yap TTapa-vprjpLa d/CTivos eX0ovcn]<. elvai fieXavos.vp. ol B\ e7rao"?) fia/cpof3i<t)TaToi ~Sle/j. ola rcov dvO pcoirwv 6(p0a\p. ovirw fiev yap evepyd (palveo~0ai. to Be ywpiov./3e/3?]/cevai Be too iroBe Ti]V Kara dyaXpLoroirouav direpetBe/v r?]v eVl AaiBdXov. olai TOiv dyopcov ev TroXeai ttots oiKTqOeio-at^Xe'i'Kovrai. i. /cal rd<i %eipa<. dvOpdnrcav puBr) veov elcriv. /cal a^P/pia rovro rov ci>? rcov ocpOaXpucov vovv (fiOey^Gpievov aBovci.. otl tco 'HXlco ol evi'jXioL. ev (b iBpvrat. 7rpocr/3aXovcn]<. rd he vtto y^povov. 14 . fir) Karaa^elv to Oavfxa. avroj errl aropua.ov<. diroBavelv Be ov/c ev Tpola. rd puev vtto yeipoiv BiecpOopora.fi rov VTraviaracrOcu. <pao~l fiev TrpoaeoL/cevcu dyopa ap-^aia. dXX' ev AWiorrla TeXevrr/crai /SaaiXevaavTa KWloitwv yeveas irevre. Bo^ai 77730? totc %vvelvai Xeyouaiv.vova <w<> oXotyvpovrai rov eiri dcopcp /co- fcal oca /cXaiovai. rov dXXov xpovov tjttov Oavfidaai (pacrlv. tovti Be yiyveaOai nrepl onocra rov aTu/xaros t'jXiov eTTiToXds. /cal <nrj\wv Trape^ufievai Odfcovs zeal rpvcprj kcu Teiyoyv Xyyi) cpXias ep/xcov re dydXpLara. opdas e'<? rov Od/cov. to Be /cal /eaSr/crOat yap ev opp. tou? (paiBpovs Be lardvai to (pcos.

and the eyes seemed to stand out and gleam against the light as do those of men who love to bask in the sun. death in Troy. and where we come on the remains of columns delicately worked. down supporting the body upright upon for its seat. such as remain in cities that were long ago inhabited. and this happened exactly their admiration at .LIFE OF APOLLOXIUS. but that he died in Ethiopia after ruling the land for five the statue countrymen being the longest as a mere youth and But the place in which deplore his untimely death. Then they say they understood that the figure was of one in the act of rising and making obeisance to the sun. an ancient market-place. his statue is set up resembles. where indeed he never went. and the two feet were joined together after the style in which statues were made in the time of Daedalus and the hands were thrust generations. and of how the lips seem about to speak but they say that they had no opportunity of admiring these effects until they saw them realised for when the sun's rays fell upon the though . they tell us. and images of Hermes. the figure was still sitting it was represented in the very act and impulse of rising up. in the way those do who worship the *5 . and of the expression of its eyes. lived of men. his still But ^ Memuou mourn him . We hear much of this attitude of the statue. they for could not restrain the lips spoke immediately the sun's ray touched them. Now this statue. statue. was turned towards the sunrise. BOOK VI the son of the Dawn. and that he did not meet his chap. and find traces of walls and of seats and of the jambs of doors. some destroyed by the hand of man. . . dawn. and was that of a youth still unbearded and it was made of a black stone. says Damis. others by that of time.

dXaaOat. Be. eiropevovro Kapn'jkwv e? rd rcov YvfivSiv ijO-rj.. 6 Tifiaatcov. ycopelv e? r\9i] /caOapbv yBr].voi<." eepi].ev yap ov/c av eiTTOi irpbs Vfuis to eavrov ird9o<. toenrep ' . ear civ atBiacovrai avrov. /ceXevovai B cpopdf. p. eyco Be. /cal dXvovrc p. %vpi- KeypyraL. Xe^co rd irepl avrov rrdvra' dvBpa dire/crewe yap Xlep^cpiT^v riva d/ccov.vovi. aWa tovtov.d%ovTe<.rjTpb<. Ovaavre^ ovv 'HXtco re XIOlotti tovtI yap eeppatov /cal teal Hww ~Me/j. yiyvioa/ca) yap rov /cal eXew. eivai. CAP.FLAVIUS PH1L0STRATUS cap. outto) TOif ravrl rd iG Tvpivois evervyev.evov ar/pa rov Be ypovov. ol lepeii.eya..ev airo rod aWetv re BaXireiv. e7rovo/j. alBoi ttj*. /3aBtcravra rrporepov errl rb rov 7re<povevp. j) ol /card Mepxpiv vopuoi rov cpevyovra err d/covtrup. rov p. Bo/cel vTravLcnaaOat. e/cvl\jri]- Bel Be cpevyeiv.dXXov ?} ^vvreivovri ol ire pi /cal ypovro rov Ad/xcv. /caOdirep ol to /cpelrrov opOol OepairevovTes. eVl to?9 Tvp. bv /cal acpd^avrd tl e/cei ov p. ovirep Me/x0trat. ovtos p. ypi) iTzpl opia. OdveaOe. /c&v Tai rov cpovov. rov eirl airh t?}? p. " ep-ov. ol AvBpl Be evTvyovres earaXpievco rpoirov.r] dans " eh] /cal Bi 6 ri irvv- irXavwro.

explaining that the one name was derived from the words signifying " to burn and be warm. so is : . Having done this they set out upon camels for the home of above a . — — 1 : 17 \oi. c . until they take pity AUhu — I burn Aithi&ps = an Aethiop. They accordingly CHAP. with the naked philosophers until he has washed away the guilt of bloodshed. but as for me.sacrifice the naked philosophers. should remain kind." 1 and the other from his mother. so long he must roam about these marches. 1V to the Sun of Ethiopia and to Memnon of the Dawn.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. 11. but who was wandering about rather than wending his steps to a fixed point f PhiUscus . powers offered BOOK VI standing erect. for this the priests recommended them to do. On the way they met a man wearing the garb of chap. because he is ashamed of the plight in which he finds himself. and then he may return home as soon as he is pure.. and the laws of Memphis prescribe that a person exiled for an involuntary offence of this and the penalty is exile. and I will tell you all about him. the 8a °° " You had better ask me. and not him for lie will never tell you what is the matter with him. I know the poor man and For he pity him. Damis asked him who he was and why he was tSiri 5 ed But Inuasion said guilt by roving about like that. has slain unwittingly a certain inhabitant of Memphis. Now until he has been received by the naked philosophers. though he must first go to the tomb of the slain man and sacrifice there some trifling victim. v the inhabitants of Memphis.

\ip." elire. o he. aireK- reivev. 6 Be bpp. pnjBe yiyvcoafcovcnv. ecpi]. 09 eSrjcoae irore rrjv roiv Yvp. olSa.r)<. bv ovro<. rrapa T019 Tvpivois errel Be ovttg) p. Ka6?)pai " " .ov cto(£ol>9 iKerevet Bevpo kcil ovttu> Xvcris" " ov \iyeis avhpasT " c4>V> €^ PV KaOaipovcriv avrov." tfpero ovv rbv Tip. 7rw9.y.vcov -yoopav? 6avpdaa<i ovv elirev. evpois. opco eicyovov rplrov drrb Se/cdrov. w .. bv dire- Sapiovv rbv AlyvTrnov.ovv yap irore vecorepa eirl Me/z<£</ra9 rrpdrrovra rfkeyt~av ol TvpLi'ol Kal eayov.(piv kppcoro' vepLovrai. et Kai rovrov aKovaiov (povov pAv.aaiwv. S)v 6 Kardparov rijv ' ©apcovs Tore hierropdei J '> yd>pav Kal rrov aocpov. bv crrecfravovv ixpV 7rpovoi']aa<i direicTeive. //cer?. KeXevcrov avrov.oi oaiov rrpoa- (f>6ey%aadai rbv ev 18 rw alp-art. " bv av" ecprj. p. " to p.vol wept rov cf>evyovro<. dvecpepev e'9 on QiXia/cos. \eyei<. C09 ye. Kreivev ovtos. dpiaprdiv eiceipe wacrav.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. e/ceivGv <ppovov" " ovk (Tiv. yv ovroi ^lep.eipdiciov. . T19 et .t)va yap rovrovl e/3Sop.aaLO)va 6 'AttoWcovio'. Xyarpi/cw'i yap 7repl rovrov <1>i\lo-kov. i/c' tfeve. ArroWcovios. Bi)\a8>) tovtois. 7TW? ol Tvp. ' vrrep avrcov S' elpyacrpievov pur) rrXayev ovv rb Kal o " fieipd/ciov." elnre. Kal rrerrpaKrai' Qap.

who refuse Apollonius to purify him. committed a murder which he The youth then was involuntarily on their behalf. for by his brigandage he I perceive tyrannised the country round Memphis. prevented enterprise him . a man that they ought to crown. and was obviously an object of execration to those whose retaliated country the latter so thorough!}" ravaged at the time Where then is their wisdom ? Here is in question. was the that Philiscus whom this man slew thirteenth in descent from this Thamus. what was mean. " 19 c 2 . upon him BOOK : VI as if he were a suppliant.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. even if he had and yet they refuse to slain the other intentionally ." " " astounded and said Stranger. among allowed me by my religion to address one who And :. who long ago laid waste the country Thereat Timasion of these naked philosophers. and are not aware that Philiscus whom he slew was a descendant of Thamus the Egyptian. v " What do therefore put the question to Timasion the naked philosophers tliink of this particular " And he answered "I do not know ? anything more than that this is the seventh month that he has remained here as a suppliant." Apollonius chap." " You don't call men wise. and that Said he has not yet obtained redemption. "my good youth. and these philosophers detected his plot and exile : : : ." "I " What do you mean ? " said in surprise said the other. who are you ? purge him of : He whom you shall find Apollonius replied But as it is not these naked philosophers." for this Thamus once on a time actually the fact was intriguing against the inhabitants of Memphis. and he having failed in his by laying waste all the land upon which they live.

20 . dcpL- kovto irpb (TT7)piOV. KaXv/Brj? puev ovv rj oiKias ovhev avTol heovTai.p. hevhpa he ev ra vopLcp bXiya kcl'i tl dXao<. ciXXo he ciXXy tov yr/Xocpov airovhrjs d^iovfieva.f3pia$ e? to twv Tv/ivwv (ppovTiTOVS he TvpLVOVS T0VT0VS OLKelv [XeV eTTL (petal. vr 'JLvrevOev e^eXdaavTes rjXtov dvia^ovTOs.'" 'EyU. is o ^vvtaaiv vrrep twv koivmv. tov yap iroTapiov tovtov i)yovvTcu yr)v koX vhcop. e/ceXevaev e? aTeiyeiv KaOapov yhi] t?}? alria<i.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS CAr fxeipciKiov. o>9 auri/ca hrj KaOapevcrovra. ov p-eya. Oepairevovai he NelXov fidXcara.?]/a] irepip-evct. tov NetXof. wo-rrep 'ihpvTai ra 'Ivhwv. fiecnip. i) £vp. Kara ravra toi$ eiXyOepovaiv AOrjvrjai. Tot9 ^evois eheipLavTO. ^covTes vTtaiBpioi /cat vtto tco ovpavw civtS).7re8o«:\?}9 d<pitcop. KCtTaywyrjv he duoy^pwaav pLey/iXrjv. Tivo? o%#?7<? Xocpov. iHp' al<i dBXrjTrjs to p:ecn]p. eirihpdaas fiahiaebev ov /carakvco. aTodv ov o Tats 'HXetwf./3pLvbv /ajpvypca. VI CAP. 009 AlyvTrricov Xoyoi.ev(p he baa aioiv re real UvBayopas rjOi] virep KaOap&>9 vopl^ovaiv. eu Oappelv.€Tpov pii/cpbv dirb t?}? ao(p[a he 'Ivhcov XeiireaOai . lepa Be ov/c e<f ravrov. '' irXeov irpovyeiv AlyviTTioiV yvjxvovs he eaTaXOat. iaop.

are few trees. in the t 21 . Apollonius went through the rites question over him which Empedocles and Pythagoras prescribe for the purification of such offences. of hut or dwelling. and told him to return home. for they regard this river as land and water at once. however. but they have built an hospice to accommodate strangers. the chief object of their worship. because they live . chap. who dwell. They have no need. to encourage him.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. And they wear next to no clothes in the same way as people do at Athens And in their district there in the heat of summer. for that he was now pure of guilt. they relate. and tell him that he will at once be purged of guilt. accordThe Nile is ing to the accounts of the Egyptians. about equal in length to those of Elis. of the naked sagcs action of common affairs but they do not build their shrines in one and the same place. beneath which the athletes await the sound of the midday trumpet. my good boy. citap." And when the man in came. as Indian shrines are built. I -would ask you. BOOK VI is stained with blood. where I VI Thence they rode out at sunrise. and it is a portico of no great size. and arrived before midday at the academy of the naked sages. upon a moderate-sized hill a little way from the bank of the Nile and in point of wisdom they fall short of the Indians rather more than they excel the Egyptians. but one is in one part of the hill and another in another. if he will come to the place am lodging. and a certain grove of flo great size to which they resort when they meet for the trans. all worthy of observation. open air directly under the heaven itself.

i. ecpr]. %eiv inrep fieydXcov crirovhdd'pi^aycocri e'/ce- eirXdrTOVTO he KaKelvw Kal i<$ Trpbs eK€ivoi<. 7re/j. tovtI 8e t/cet't'ot? dywva eyetv ov apiiKpov. Xoyovq. dcpt^eaOai 8e Kal tov Tvavea. rjv elvai. Kivelv yap Kai o%eiv avTos Tavra Kal fieraTaTTetv ol fiovXerat. VIII cap. 22 .FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS VII cap. fAvpias 8e eXey^eis eir avrovs avvecncevdaOai. 'ILvravOd tl dvaypd<pei A«/u? J^ixppdrov epyov.vov<i AlyvnTLa. ou? iv Xoya> iravTi al'pei.vvdel<. r/yco jxeO a Be avrb fii] jneipa/cicoSes.. 6 8e rjKeiv fiev virep %vvovaia<i. Toiavra d\rj0F) 6 via NavKparlrt]^ yyovfievoi.Trei irapd tovs ®pa<Jvfiov\ov tov i/c Nau/cpaTtSo? vnrep 8ia/3oXrj<i tov dvSpos. a^oX^v /udOcoai re. (ppovelv re. yap avrbv virep tovs '\v8wv crocpov?. ov iraprjTovvTO i]kovto<. ol S' ravra t?]v fiev %vvovo-'iav 8e. ti}? 7rpo9 avrovs. dXX' dtfitXoTijuo- ' repov tov (piXoaocpca TrpocrrjKovTo^' irrei yap tov Air oXXcovlov da/JLa y/cove fiovXopiivov crcxpiav 'IvSiKtjv dvTi/cpivat YvjJ. 6 re /3ov\erac Kal otov ipcov rjKev. dirrj\6ev. eaOai. ^vyyoapelv re ovre i)Xlm ov8ev ovre ovpavo) Kal yfj.

and that he would not allow any sort of influence either to the sun.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. that they could only arrange an interview with him if they had time. to take away our sage's character. and that they would have no little trouble H^ ^ them Apollonius with him. cratis 23 . or to the sky. went away. or to the earth. but pretended to move and juggle and rearrange these forces for whatever end he . and they. vn it as juvenile.chap. but pretended that they were occupied with important business and were so intent upon it. imagining they were true. chap. Thrasybulus at the same time that he pretended to have come there in order to enjoy their society. VII BOOK VI At this which if place we do not regard Damis records an action of Euphrates. because he esteemed himself more highly than the sages of India did themselves. VIII Having concocted these stories the man of Nau. a native of Naucratis. so he sent up to the naked sages one Thrasybulus. was anyhow wit unworthy of the dignity of a philosopher. vm did not indeed decline to meet Apollonius when he arrived. though he extolled the latter whenever he opened his mouth and he added that Apollonius had contrived a thousand pitfalls for them. and if they Avere informed first of what he wanted and of what attracted him thither. Euphrates had heard Apollonius often say that he wished to compare the wisdom of India with that of Egypt. chose. told them that the sage of Tyana also would presently arrive.

ifvyxoopel %rjv.. irev- r>]Kovra Be rovr t'<x&>? ?) fie pat. avrwv. elrrev. ecprj. VJII \eve Be 6 Trap avrcov 7)kwv ev rfj tcai /caraXveiv avrov<. yap iraaiv 6 ovpavbs evravQa yv/xvoh BiafidWcov " 6 avTOV*.evo<." craadai ri (poi ovk olBa t) rvepov" eepi]. &)? ov /caprepia yv/nvovs." arod. fSeXriare. firjSev BiaXeyov. 'IfSol Be fie ovk tfpovro ravra. %vyyeyova<. <dpaav/3ov\os fiev ovBev iv cf>i\oao(p(a ia eirex w p' ^€v evravda.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS 1 cap. aXA. iroxka. " 6 6 Be 'A7roW&Wo?. virep fiev areyrj<." yew ale. drro- \afi(bv Be rbv Tifiaaiwva 6 Aa/u? ^pero IBia' " ol Tvfivol ovroi. del yap fierpcoi re /cal rrpcprfv XPV " 701 Trpo? rov<i emfiiyvvvras rjcrav. " " kol ov aocpd.' avdyfcy. " ecpi]. tl aotpoi eiai. \afiirpbv 24 . IX cap. co fiijv fieydXa. rb yap fiif - ^vfifirjvat ' roicoBe dvBpl virep aocpLas. 'O fiev Bi) WttoXXuipios evl rwv BevBpoov viro- rcXiGels £upfjv tois eraipoi<. tfSrj d(pLKop. co? yap avrols. orrbaa rjpdircov. icai to et«o?. re Be /3ov\ofiai KaX virep orov vkco tovs fiev ov ovttco Oav/jLci^co ytyvcoa/covra'i. ravra. yovv. " bv ov7ro) rrporepov rrept avrovs eiBov St? rvepov. bytcw §' en avrbv XP')~ " & eralpe. rd rrpbs r)fia<..

LIFE OF APOLLONIUS." "We uu — an unkind reference this to them. : m to?" know. though the Indians never asked me these : questions. y' as you have lived with them. and what I am come here for." " " Pride and said the other. probability "It my fine fellow for when they refuse to converse about wisdom with so great a man as our master. and assume all sorts of airs against him. one Thrasybulus was staying here who . the trees. as it implied that they went without clothes not to show their endurAnd ance. tell me what their wisdom comes " manifold and is. meanour towards us does not evince any wisdom. them bade them stay and lodge in the portico. 25 . But ^™af 01) Damis took Timasion apart and asked him the these lutn £ ucs " About these naked question in private sages. perhaps a matter of fifty days. ! ." IX Accordingly Apollonius lay down under one of chap. but Apollonius remarked: do not want to hear about a house for ourselves. and in all good fellow. what can I say of them except that they are too vain and proud. but because it was too hot to wear any. and let his companions who were there 1X with him ask whatever question they pleased." answered the other. he added " I am not surprised indeed at their not yet knowing what I want. " And " their deprofound. " I have already vanity come among them twice. for the climate here is such that anyone can live naked. At any rate a little time ago." yet. And a messenger from BOOK VI chap. and I never saw any such thing about them for they were always very modest and courteous towards those who came to visit them." said Damis.

eyco 8' av. €<prj ABr^vav" ) 6 Adfiis dva/3o>jrra<i re Kal " eot/ce <ydp ireTravovpyrjaOai n. Kanovra ivOevBe. tov Adp. el p." ecpi]. [iev dvijp. ovttcd p. iireiS?) tCo Evcppdrrj." " to ttciv e'%w. T009 Tvp. av 6°." 7T/309 tov 777309 Trpoaenroov tov<? dvBpas.i] fivar/jpia ravra.e i)%iov tov d-TTopp/jTov. P-tV TOV AtToWcjOVIOV Ol/BeV (ppd^COV Tt\t)V S' d7rayyeX\cov Trpoo-eiprjKevai a$>d<. 26 . crv fietpd/ciov. yap KaTairXewv fieT epiov tov ^el\ov. ecprj. oTrore 737309 kXOoi.. <pl\oi Kal ijravrjXOe nrepl BeiX>]v 6 Tip^aaicov. fidOoifit yap. KaOiaTaaOat yvvatxeiov Te i)yovpai /cal diraiBevTov. " o VTToXafttbv ovv o TipLacTLcov. iaco<. IBia.." crx^T\idaa<. &.ev(p fioi e\£' 6 tl dva/3au] " ivravOa.9 BidKeivTai. &>9 u<pi%oivro avpiov fiearol &v tov Qpao~v/3oi>\ov ijKovaav.vov<> tovtovs viro-^ria^ ipLTTeir\i]Kevai (pdcrKcov tov KiroWdiVLOv. ecopa/cas (dpaau- ftovXov tovtco." Trpoaiypa^jrev eavTov " Tt to Xeyeis.iv.TLT7]v iv tQ> " Kal " vi]l (ppovTKTTrjpicp rrj vrj Bnp/ayov avTov 717309 ye" elrre.evoi aurov direhe^avTo.FLA VI US PHILOSTRATUS chap. ocrri? eh]. TrpciTTwv." ejxavTov T)]v tov Navfcpa. Xeye oaris ovros. ^vvet\i](pa<. /cd% otov /xev oiacpepeTat 777309 avTov ovk olBa. Kal 6 Adpis. to irpdypia' Qpao-v/3ov\o<. co? V7repocp0etr]. ol S' dap. epop. to Be e? Bta/3o\a<.v tov ty]Tovpbevov 6i']pa" eirel Be ijKovcre tov rfj n/xtoo9 Kai on o Lvavev? en]. yap av Kayco tl %vp(3a\oipLv. " <W9 rjpopirjv avrov %#e9. crocplav ov xpi]o~T7]v eavrov Bi/qyeiro.

" in a nutshell. warrant he has played us some dirty trick. it is. what he had gone up there for. " You have put the matter. conveyed him hence. yesterday but kept his name a secret but do you. . unless this is a mystery. though without telling Apollonius any more than that he had interchanged words with them however he told Damis in private that they meant to come the next morning primed with all that they had heard from Thrasybulus." he said. when I asked him who he was. . to the end that whenever he came here they might flout him and what his quarrel is with him I know not. probably help you to find what you seek. would not answer me at once. in a loud tone of indignation. But I will address myself to these people and ascertain their real disposition for And about eventide they are friendly to me. . that it was the sage of Tyana." answered the other. '27 ." And when he heard from Damis. and they chap IX received him with open arms merely because he said he was a disciple of Euphrates. worthy of a woman or of a vulgar person to backbite him as he has done. tell me who he is." boat." Timasion returned. and said that he had filled these naked sages here with suspicion of Apollonius. I think. For Thrasybulus.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. explained to me that his love of wisdom was not genuine." "I Damis. as he descended the Nile with me." Then Damis cried " What's that ? Then saw : boy you " Thrasybulus of Naucratis in this academy of theirs ? " "I Yes. when he went down the river. by Athene." Timasion " Your then replied master. and what's more. for then I could my own cried : . in answer to my question. BOOK VI achieved nothing remarkable in philosophy. in my "Now I have it. you say. but anyhow.

" elirev 6 W-ttoXXojvlo?. ivTGTvyrjicevai Hvdcb tou? e'<? aurijv ijfcovras at'Xco re irapanepireiv /cal (p8ai<i nal yfrdXaet. &)? erv)(e." Trpoaeurcov /cat ravra eiTrero ovv rrepl aWijXoLS cr6p. warrep koctiilco pea/3vrdra).eda ." ecpt]. e? rov Qeairealcova elSov iravres olov ecrndropa rov " r>)V Hvdco zeal ttjv \6yov. oairep " " row rjKopiev" Tvfivwv. elrroov tcai yap 7T/30? 68bv ri]v airo OaXdrrt]^ roj Nei'Xeo. rov Tivl yvcopL?). 6 8e ijp^aro ev6ev8e dpa teal o")(o\ai(p tSaBlapari. eiirovro eVe/ o° izddiaav." 6 QeaTreaccov Sei^as to d\cro<. rr/v " irpoap^Qe^. ci/xa 8e rfj r/pepa 6 pkv 'AttoWcovios. 6eparrevaa<. oxTirep eldiOec. % 'OXvpLirlav eireaKe(pdai ere (paatv. irapa ere " teal etATOTco?..(bv 8e avrai NetA. teal rrjv Qdpios. zeal 'AiroWasvie. evravOa. vpa<.09.FLAM US PHILOSTRATUS X c p -^ - Ti]v fiev 81] eairepav i/ceivrjv perpid re zeal ovk a£ia rov dvaypdxj/ai a7rov8daavre<i. 01 84. £vverv%ov Be '* " Pvvearodv. tovtI jap ovueri ev Kocrpm ecpcov. tovtI yap dinjyyeiXev evravOa croc —rparoK\i]<i 6 p. rjv "HXiov icpeLcrryjicei vediraros " eyco 7rpoaSpap." efyrj. tceopcphlas re na\ cfrdafcwv 2S .ev e/cei. 8e SecrTrecrLcov 7rpecr/3vraro<i rjv rcov rjyeiro rco Yvpvow.' 7ro?. ecprj " 6 ivravOa. eKoiprjdrjaav ov iheiTTVT]aav. spiels. kcu 'YLWavohiiccu pev avrbs 77 irdcriv.

LIFE OF APOLLONIUS,

HOOK

VI

They spent that evening conversing about trifles chap. which are not worth recording, and then they lay i j Thespesion down to sleep on the spot where they had supped harangue
,
,
i

i

i

«

;

but at day-break Apollonius, after adoring the sun ^poSonius according to his custom, had set himself to meditate upon some problem, when Nilus, who Avas the to youngest of the naked philosophers, running up him, exclaimed "We are coming to you." "Quite to you I have right," said Apollonius, "for to get made this long journey from the sea all the way And with these words he followed Nilus. here." So after exchanging greetings with the sages, and they met him close to the portico, " Where," " said Apollonius, " shall we hold our interview ? to the grove. "Here," said Thespesion, pointing Now Thespesion was the eldest of the sect, and him with presided over them all and they followed an orderly and leisurely step, just as the jury of the athletic sports at Olympia follow the eldest of their
:

;

number.

they had sat down, which they observing their previous order, they all fixed their eyes on Thespesion as the one who should regale them with a discourse, which " lie proceeded to do as follows They say, Apollonius, ne attacks 8 that you have visited the Pythian and Olympic {J^g for this was reported of you here by festivals Stratocles of Pharos, who says that he met you Now those who come to the Pythian festival there. are, they say, escorted with sound of pipe and song and lyre, and are honoured with shows of comedies and tragedies; and then last of all they are presented
did anyhow, and without
:

And when

;

29

FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS
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ov% v7ro(TTpcovvvcnv
coo-rep {3d/c){cu<;
i)p:a<;
rj

yfj

ovBev ev-ravBa,

ovBe

ydXa

olvov BlBcocriv, ovBe

fieretopov*;

ajjp cpepei,

dW
ovk

avTtjv inre-

cTTOpeaf-LevoL

frjv yfjv, £top,ev p.erexovTe<; avrvfi
to?

ra
fxrj

Kara

tpvcriv,

xaipovaa
oti

BiBoh]

avra

teal

ftaaavi^ono
tro<pi%ecr0ai,

d/covcra.

dBvvaTOv/xev

ra

Betva,"

eeprj,

Be

eiire

rpiTOV utt etce'ivov, vcp' to koI TTpotrelrre p,ev tov crotpbv 'AttoXXcoviov," avTov, C09 eKeXevaurj, to oevopov, i] cpwv^ oe r/v
tjv,

BevBpov," 7TTeXea " BieXeyovro, irpda-

"

evap6po<i re /cal Or)Xv<;.
y

direcr^paive Be nrpb? tou9

\v Bovs TavTa,peTacTTt]creiv ))yovfievos tov AttoXXcorf]<;

vlov

vTTep avTcov Bohjs, e7reiBy) Birjei is Trdvras

Xoyovs re 'lvBtov /cal epya.
UpocreTidet Be Kaxelva,
fipcboetbs re
re, 09
ft>9

dirdxpil tcu aocpCp

Kadapco

elvai, oirocnj e/xTrvovs, ip.epov

(pond

Be opL/idrccv, cpBovov re, 09

BiBda/caXos

LIFE OF APOLLONIUS,
athletes.

BOOK

VI

with an exhibition of games and races run by naked chap. At the Olympic festival, however, these x superfluities are omitted as inappropriate and unworthy of the place and those who go to the festival are only provided with the show of naked athletes originally instituted by Heracles. You may see the same contrast between the wisdom of the For they, like those who Indians and our own. invite others to the Pythian festival, appeal to the crowd with all sorts of charms and wizardry but we, like the athletes of Olympia, go naked. Hei e earth strews for us no couches, nor does it yield us milk or wine as if we were bacchants, nor does the air uplift us and sustain us aloft. But the earth beneath us is our only couch, and we live by
;

;

-

its natural fruits, which we would have yield to us gladly and without being tortured But you shall see that we are not against its will. unable to work tricks if we like. Hei-rli vou tree yonder," he cried, pointing to an elm tree, the third in the row from that under which they were talking, "just salute the wise Apollonius, will you ?" And forthwith the tree saluted him, as it was bidden to do, in accents which were articulate and like those of a woman. Now he wrought this sign to discredit the Indians, and in the belief that by doing so he would wean Apollonius of his excessive estimate of their powers for he was always recounting to

partaking of

it

!

;

everybody what the Indians said and did. Then the Egyptian added these precepts he said that it is sufficient for the sage to abstain from eating all flesh of living animals, and from the roving desires which mount up into the soul through the eyes, and from envy which ends by teaching injustice to
:

3i

FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS
cap.

ahiKwv eVt %elpa
yias re
fcal

/cal

yvco/xvv
pui]

rficei,

6avp,acriovp-

SelaOai aki]0eiav. " " tov a/ceijrai ydp tov 'AttoXXo)," elite, AeXcptKov, ra pecra tj}? EAAaSo? eVt Trpoppijaet, Xoyloyv b<?
ftiaiov rexvi]?

e%er evTCLvOa
a/ceis,

toiwv,
t>}9

009

irov kcu

avTos yiyvw-

p,ev

epoiTrjpLa,

op,(p?is Seopevos epcora /3pa%v Se 'AttoXXcov ovSev repaTevadp,evo<;

Xeyei, OTTocra oioe.
p.ev

kclitoi

pdBibv ye
rrjv

rjv

avrw

aeicrai

tov

Uapvaaov

iravra,

K^aaraXtav Se

H-l

oivoyor\<jai pLeTaftaXovTt ra<> Trriydq, Krjcfyicra) Be ai TTOTa/iw elvai, 6 Se ovSev tovtwv %vyX u>

PW

'

emKopLTraaas ava<pacvec ra\7]6e<i ai)TO. ^jyco/xeOa Be p.rjSe rbv y^pvabv V Ta SoKovvTa Xapbirpd twv ava0r)p,c'tT(ov ifcovri avrw (poirav, p,i]Se tw vea> rbv

A7roWa>
tov vvv

'

'yaipeiv,

ei

Kat

'

StTrXaato^ air ccpavS eirj
]

ovro<;'

a)Kr](Te

o deos OUT09, koX /ca\v/3i]
e\ fjv £vpLf3a\ecr@ai

yap avrw ^vveirXdaQr]

TTore /cal Xlttjv crreyrjv
puicpa,

XeyovTai p^eXirrai

p,ev Kv,pbv,

evTeXeia yap SiSdo-tcaXos p,ev irrepa he opvtOes. SiSdatcaXos Se dX^9eia<;, fjv eiraivosv aoipca<;,
ero</>09

a-Te^yw?
p.v0Q)v.

Sonets

eKkaObp-evo^
i)
//.?;

rtov

Trap

IvSols

to
?/
;

yap irpaTTe
tl Be
;

OLoa
tl

OLoa, 7] ovk BeiTat ktvttov

to ceiva, aXXa tov /3povTciv, p,aXXov Se
Xoyoi<;
fcal

irpaTTe, fj /i?/ to oeiva,

tov e^L^e^povTrjcrOai
EtSe?
ov7rco

ev

faypacpLas
a>9

tov
8'

tov

UpoSiKov 'HpatcXea,
Se ev

ecbtjftos p.ev

6 'Hpa/cXr/?,

atpeaei

tov

/3lov,

/catcta

avTov

32

LIFE OF APOLLONIUS,
hand and
will, and that of miracle-mongering and he said, " at the Apollo centre of Hellas for the
rp..

BOOK

VI

truth stands not in need cfiap.
sinister arts.

of Delphi,

who keeps
in

" For look/' the ^trasts
the Delphic
oracle in its

there then, as you probably know yourself, a person who desires a response, puts his question briefly, and Apollo tells what he knows without any miraculous And yet it would be just as easy for him display. to convulse the whole mountain of Parnassus, and to
alter the springs of the Castalian fountain so that it should run with wine, and to check the river

,,

1111

utterance

of his oracles.

simplicity

with

tlluir

but he reveals the Cephisus and stay its stream bare truth without any of this show or ostentation. Nor must we suppose that it is by his will, that so much gold and showy offerings enter his treasury, nor that he would care for his temple even if it were made twice as large as it already is. For once on a time this god Apollo dwelt in quite a humble and a little hut was constructed for him habitation to which the bees are said to have contributed their honeycomb and wax, and the birds their feathers. For simplicity is the teacher of wisdom and the teacher of truth and you must embrace it, if you would have men think you really wise, and forget all your legendary tales that you acquired among the Indians. For what need is there to beat the drum over such simple matters as Do this, or do not do it,' or C I know it, or I do not know it,' or ' It is this and not that'? What do you want with thunder, nay, I would say, What do you want to be thunder-struck
;

;

;

'

:

for?

You have seen in picture-books the representation of Hercules by Prodicus in it Hercules is represented as a youth, who has not yet chosen the life he
;

33
VOL.
II.

D

FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS
cap. zeal
7]

dperi]

hiaXa/3ovcrai
re

irapd

c70a?

dyovaiv,

fiev

y^pverw

ecrOfjri,

re

KarecrKevaapevr] /ecu oppuois, aXiiropcpvpa) Kal 7rapeca<; dvQei Kal

yairr)<;
S'

avairXo/cais
teal

Kal

ypacpal^ bpupdroiv, earc
TrehtXov,
f]

avrfj

%pvcrovv
evao/3ovcra.

yeyparrrai yap

teal

tovtg)

h'

av

rrerroviiKvia

fiev 7rpocr(pepT)<;,

rpa^v

he op&xra, rov
rj

he

av^piov
el

TreiroiripLevri KoafirjpLa

Kal dvv7r6hero<;
6"

dperi] /cal
fir)

Xtrr] ttjv eadrjra, /cal yvp,vrj

av ecpaivero,
rjyov

eyiyvcoa/ce ro ev

Orfkeiai*; eucr^jp.ov.
tt}9

6*?)

/cal

aeavrov,

AiroW-wvie, /xeaov

IvSi/crjs

re

/cal

T/79 i]p,e8a7rfj<;

<ro<p[a<; ecrrdvat, teal T/79 fiev a/coveiv

Xeyovcrr)*;,

oj?
,

vrroaropecrei
&)?

croc

avdr) Kadevhovrt,
/cat &>9

Kal,

vi]

Ai
/cal

iroTiel

ydXa/crt
ao'i ri

KrjpioLs

trap avrr}? karat /cal irrepd, oirure /3ovXoio, rpnrohds re ecr/cv/cXi/crtt
Opeyjrei,
C09

ve/crap

TTtvovri /cal

^pvaovs Opovovs,
croi

tcai Trovijcreis

ovhev,

aXV

aurofiard

fSahtelrai rrdvra,

T/79 he

ye

erepas, &>? ^apuevvelv fiev ev avXpLco irpocn)tcei, yufivov he, aicnrep >)fiei<;, fioyQovvra (palveaOai., b he fi>j
rrovijaavrl
rjhv,
fii]he

a 01

dcpi/cero, firjre cpiXov ijyeZcrSai fi'jre

dXa^ova

elvac

fir/he

direyeaQai he /cal oveipdrcov
T/79 77)9 alpovcriv.
el fiev
hrj

oyfrei'i,

rvepov Oifpar^v, orroaat drro

Kara rov Hpa/cXea

atpolo, /cal

ho%r)

dhafiavrtvrf

dXijdeiav, fnfhe rr)v

Kara

H'h drifid^cov cpvcnv evreXeiav irapai(p)]crei<;

XPV°

rovfievos, iroXXovs fiev ^pt]Kevac

Xeoinas,

34

LIFE OF APOLLONIUS,
will lead
;

BOOK

VI

and vice and virtue stand on each side of chap. him plucking his garments and trying to draw him to x themselves. Vice is adorned with gold and necklaces and with purple raiment, and her cheeks are painted and her hair delicately plaited and her eyes underlined with henna and she also wears golden slippers,
;

when you lie down to sleep, yes, and by Heaven, how she will regale you upon milk and nourish you on honey-comb, and how she will supply you with nectar and wings, whenever you want them and how she will wheel in tripods, whenever you drink, and golden thrones and you shall have no hard work to do, but everything will be flung But the other discipline unsought into your lap. insists that you must lie on the bare ground in squalor, and be seen to toil naked like ourselves; and that you must not find dear or sweet anything which you have not won by hard work and that you must not be boastful, nor hunt after vanities and pursue pride and that you must be on your guard against all dreams and visions which lift you off* the earth. If then you really make the choice of Hercules, and steel
flowers under you
; ;

feminine decency. Now figure yourself, Apollonius, as standing between Indian wisdom on one side, and our own humble wisdom on the other imagine that you hear the one telling you how she will strew
;

pictured strutting about in these but virtue in the picture resembles a woman worn out with toil, and she has chosen for her with a pinched look adornment rough squalor, and she goes without shoes and in the plainest of raiment, and she would have appeared naked if she had not too much regard for
for she
is
;
;

;

;

your will resolutely neither to dishonour truth, nor to decline the simplicity of nature, then you may say

35

FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS
cap. 7roX\a<;

Be vBpas

eKreTpLyadai aoi Tripvovas
el
he.

re

Kal Necnxof 9 Kal oitogoi itcelvov dOXot,
tS)v dyeipovrcov dcrirdar), /coXafcevcreis

to

6(p0a\p.ovi

re

real

&ra,

teal

ovre

acxpeorepos

erepov Sonets

yevijar] re

adXos dvBpbs Alyvnriov Tvpu'ov."

XI
chap.

TavTCi
Travres,

elirov to? ecnpd(py)aav e?
p-ev
dpucf)

rov 'AttoWcovlov
dvriXe^oi ytyvco-

ol

avrov,

a>?

crKovTes, ol Be dfMpl top Qeaireatcova 0avp,d£ovre<;,

6 tl dvrepel.

o

" Kal rov rovov,

pa] Ti," ecpi],

Be eiraiveo-as avrov t>}? evpola<; " " "

7rpoart6'a/?
"

;

ptd
pu]
€<pt],

At

,

eater,
ClXXcOV
epbov

eipyrca yap.
T£?

rov o av epopuevov,
/

TMV
" oY
toi>?

AljVTTTLCOV

TTUVTCOV,

i]Kovaa^y

erriayozv

ovv oXiyov Kal
elpi]p,eva

)) aspects, i]v (pi]cri puev 'llpaKXeovs TlpoBiKos ev ecpi'ifico eXeo-0ai avrov, vyiws re vpuv XeXeKrac Kal Kara rov <piXoo~o(pla<; vovv, & aocpol

eXe^ev

6(p9a\p,ov<; "

epelc-a<; es

rd

ovrcoal

Alyvrrrlcov,

7rpoo-/]Kei
r

Be

p-ot

ovBev

ovre

yap

%vp,/3ovXovs vfias /3lov 7roirja6p,evo<i ^]kw, irciXai ye re r)pi]pLevo<i rov ep,avra> Bo^avra, TrpeafBvraros

vpuow

7r\rjv

Secr7reala>vo<i

dxptypLevos

avrbs

di>

pudXXov
36

el-KOToi*?

£vve{3ovXevov vpuv

crocpia<; aYpeo-ir,

LIFE OF APOLLONIUS,

BOOK

VI

that you have overcome many lions and have cut off ciiap. the heads of many hydras and of monsters like Geryon

and Xessus, and have accomplished all his other labours, but if you embrace the life of a strolling men's eyes and ears, but they juggler, you will rlattc-r will think you no wiser than anybody else, and you will become the vanquished of any naked philosopher
of Egypt."

XI

When
lonius
;

he ended,

all

his

own

followers

turned their eyes upon Apol- chap. XI knowing well that he would
repy eg

friends wondered what he reply, while Thespesion's But he, after praising the could say in answer. the Egyptian, merely said fluency and vigour of " " " Have No, by Zeus," you anything more to say ? said the other' "for I have said all I have to say."
:

n

'

any " "I am their rest of the Egyptians anything to say ? answered his antagonist, "and you have spokesman," heard them all." accordingly paused for
:

Then he asked

afresh

"

And

has not

one of the

Apollonius

minute and then, fixing his eyes, as it were, on the discourse he had heard, he spoke as follows: "Yen have very well described and in a sound philosophic Prodicus declares Hercules to spirit the choice which have made as a young man but, ye wise men of
a
;

the Egyptians,
myself.

it

For

I

am

does not apply in the least to not come here to ask your advice

about

how

to live,

insomuch

as

I

long ago made

Defends

choice of the life which seemed best to myself; and as I am older than any of you, except Thespesion, I myself am better cpialified, noAV I have got here, to advise you how to choose wisdom, if I did

37

FLAVIUS PH1LOSTRATUS
cap. el fi7]7roi TJprjfievois everuypv.

&v

S' o/x&)<?

rrjXiKocrBe
OKvr\(T(o

KaX aocplas

eirX

roaovBe dcptypLevos,
rr)<;

ov/c

Xoytarais upZv
BtBda-Kwv,
&>?

epuaurou /douXrjs
ei\6/j,rjv

y^pi](T

aad ai,
p,rj7ro)

opdws
&>9

raura,

Siv

/3eXrtco eirX vouv rfK.de/xot.

KanBtov ydp

n ev Uv0apirj

yopou p,eya
re

teal

urro cro(pLa<; dpprjrou
eirj,

p,6vov

yiyvdia kol eaurov, octtis
/3u)/jlwv
C09

dXXa

KaX
o>9

6crrt<;

yevoiro,
fiev

/caOapbs a^jratro KaX

d^pdvrm

ifx^v)(ov fipuxreeds yacrrpX ^pijcrairo,
crcopLari

KaBapw

Be

ttuvtcov

^uyKeirai,
^uvicr^e
rr)v

yXoorrdv

ead^pbdrwi', re &>9 rrpoyro<i
cricoTrrjs

orroaa

OvijaeiSicov

dvdpd>rrwv
KaX dXrjOr)

(3ovv err

aurfj

evpcov Soyfxa, KaX

aXXyv

(ptXoacKpiav

&>9 errX

^pi](rpbd>Bri

KareaTjjcraro, eBpapLov

rd<;

eKetvou Bofjas, ov

fiiav ao(f>iav eK Buolv eXopuevos, o>9 crv, fieXricrre

(decnreaLcop, ^up,,8ouXeuei<;. rrapacrri^craaa

ydp

p.01

cpiXoaocpia rd<i eaurf/s Bo^as, oirocrat elai, irepifiaXouad re aural-; Koapbov, 09 eicdcrrrj oiKelos,

eKeXeuaev

e\

auras
aepivi]

(SXeireiv KaX uyiws alpelcrdaA'

wpa

p,ev

ouv

re drracrwv

r)v

Kat Oeta, Kai

Karepbuaev dv

ns

737)09

ivtas aurcov vrr eKirXi^ews,

epboX Be elcrrrJKei

KaX

rb op.pua e? rrdcras, xal ydp pue rrapeOdppuvov aural irpoaayopLCvai re Kat,

irpoKrjpurrouaai, orroaa Bdxroucriv' eireX 6" r) p,ev aurCov ouBev p,oyQ)'}(javri rroXuv eTravrXijaeiv

m
38

ecpacrKev ijBovoiv ecrpLov,

1)

6"

au

pLoy^Ot'jO'avra

dva-

LIFE OF APOLLONIUS,
not find

BOOK

VI

that you had already made the choice, chap x Being, however, as old as I am, and so far advanced in wisdom as I am, I shall not hesitate as it were to make you the auditors of my life and motives, and teach you that I rightly chose this life of mine, than which no better one has ever suggested itself For I discerned a certain sublimity in the to me. a certain secret discipline of Pythagoras, and how wisdom enabled him to know, not only who he and I was himself, but also who he had been saw that he approached the altars in purity, and suffered not his belly to be polluted by partaking and that he kept his body of the flesh of animals pure of all garments woven of dead animal refuse and that he was the first of mankind to restrain his tongue, inventing a discipline of silence described in I also the proverbial phrase, " An ox sits upon it." saw that his philosophical system was in other respects oracular and true. So I ran to embrace his teachings, not choosing one form of wisdom rather than another of two presented me, as you, my excellent ThesFor philosophy marshalled pesion, advise me to do. before me her various points of view, investing them with the adornment proper to each, and she commanded me to look upon them and make a sound Now they were all possessed of an august choice. and divine beauty and some of them were of such dazzling brightness that you might well have closed
; ;

;

;

your eyes. However I fixed my eyes firmly upon all of them, for they themselves encouraged me to do so by moving towards me, and telling me beforehand how much they would give me. Well, one of them professed that she would shower upon me a swarm of pleasures without any toil on my part and another
;

39

FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS
c

^

p Travcreiv,
-

rj

£'

eyKarafit^eiv ev<ppoo~vva<;

tw

pboyOco,

iravrayov Be rjBoval Bie<patvovTO, Kal
tjvLcti

dveroi p,ev

yaarpos,

eTOip.7] Be

X ei P

e<>

tt\ovtov, ^a\ivo<i
'ifiepoi

Be ovBels dfA/jLaTwv, dX)C epoores re Kal
to,

Kal

ainow iraOi] ^vveywpelro, jxla Xuyeiv {lev rwv toiovtcov eKopura^e, Opaaela Be rjv Kai (pi\o\oidopo<i Kal dirriyKWVLiJ fievrj -iravTCf elBov
Be

roiavra

ao<pias elBos appi]Tov,
yTTijdi],

ov

Kal

TlvOayopas irore

dX\

Kal eiaT7)Kei Be dpa ovk ev rats iroWal^, drrereraKTO avro)i> Kal iaidiira, f^vveicra Be, &>9

rats fxev ciWais ov %WTi0e/.iai, rd Be eiceivrjs oinrco " " oiBa, drjBrj? eya> Kal fiecrr!] fieipaKiov" elirev,
rrovcov
el

yap

d(f)iKOiro

Ti?

e? i]0i)

r

rd

ifid,

rpd-

ire^av

p,ev,

oiroari

ip^jrv^cov,

dvpprjcrOaL

irdcrav

dv k\oiTO, otvov Be
fi7]

eK\e\i']<r$ai Kal rbv aocpLas

eTriOoXovp Kparrjpa, 09 ev rat? dotvois ^v^als

eaT>]Kev, ovBe

%\alva

6d\-^ret

avrov, ovBe eptov,

bdir ep.^rv)(ov eire^Oy], v7ruB>]p,a Be avrois fiv(3\ov
BlBco/ai

Kal KadevBeiv

i'jTTi]6evTa<;

erv%e, k&v dcppoBiaucov al'adcofxai, (BdpaOpd ean fxoi, Ka6' wv
0)9

aortas 07raSo9
^aXe7TJ;
8'

Blkij

(pepei

re

avrovs Kal

coOel,

ovrcos eyco rots rapid aipovp,evoi$, 009

Kal Beap,a y\oorri]<;
croi,

eV

avrovs e^eiv.
ifiov

a

5'

eari

Kaprepijaavn ravra,

fidOe' acocppoavvi)

p,ev Kal BiKatocrvpy] avrodev, tyfkairov Be i)yelo-$ai

40

I may tell you. but love and loose desire and such-like feelings were freely allowed me. BOOK . I am unpleasing and goras . . but kept herself apart and in silence. discipline that I have But learn ready to restrain their tongues. she said Young man. and that I needed not to set anv bridle upon my eyes. from me what rewards you shall reap by enduring all this Temperance and justice unsought and those who make choice of my bits . nor shall blanket keep him warm. however. if anyone betakes himself to my abode. nor make muddy therewith the cup of wisdom which is set in the souls of those that drink no wine . But I allow him shoes of bark. and when she saw that I ranged not myself with the rest. I have precipices to which justice that waits upon wisdom carries them and pushes them over and I am so harsh to . 4i .LIFE OF APOLLOXIUS. One of them. boasted that she woidd restrain me from such things. nor wool shorn from a living animal. must sleep anywhere and anyhow. though as yet I knew not what were her ' wares. XI that she would mingle mirth and merriment in my and everywhere I had glimpses of pleasure toil and of unrestrained indulgence in the pleasures of the and it seemed that I had only to stretch out table my hand to be rich. and he . and he must forget wine. : a lady full of sorrows for. but she was bold and abusive and in an unabashed manner elbowed all others aside and I beheld the ineffable form of wisdom which long ago conquered the soul of Pytha. and she stood. not among the many. and if I find my votaries yielding to sensual pleasures. he must of his own choice put away all dishes which contain the flesh of living animals. VI that she would give me rest after toil and a third CHAP. .

e\6/jtevo<. firjheva. rjBta) epatveaOat /xt/epa Trpo^eovre^ avrois to tow Tavpcov KaOapG) Be ovtl aoi teal Trpoytyvoja/eeiv re ot teal tov$ o<£(9aA/iOU9 ovtco tl e//7rX?. TroXt?. &)9 Btaytyvojcrieetv fiev deov. rvpavvoa re r) cpo/3epbv elvat. Sojgo).. ttolcov Be el't] Tt<?. dvecpdey^ciTO. -^rvyi}^ <p6eyyoiTO' tedyoj vcottjtcs dyovatfs teai tov fiijiro) ^vvtevat 42 777509 lipids efiXe-^ra. iyev6/xt]v fiev yap a yprj T ° v (ptXocrocpifo-avTa. rjs dptara eatce/i- to dOdvaTOV re teal dyevvrjTOV 7njyal yeveaew<. ti*> tBec Be ^jrv^ijii irpoaeaevoi. at dp-yal. (ptkocroepoivTi Be oiroaa Bcocreiv ecprj. e/eel tov teal yap pou Jftewv efyaivero TLXarwvos \oyov. inrep yjrvyri^ ov Oeairea'tw^ Travcro(pO)<. dvBpcov edvos. eVetoV/ TrXeiara eXe- . re teal ore y\revBotVTO etSr) dv6pd>irwv. rjv vytcios Kara tov otTe e^lrevadpbrjv ovtc e^revcr6r/v. crocpol AlyvTTTioiv. eBo^ev dvBpow elvat irepLTTOiV to.oyo?. ytyvdxxteeiv Be ijpwa. 6eol$ Ovaavra alfxa. trd- aa fiev Be i)Xtteia TavTov virep Te ovtoi<. crtetoetBr) 8" eXeyyetv (pavrda/xaTa. Beta ^rvyj'jv re fxevwv. Trap' ot? ovy 6 fiev 6 Be ov. irdvT e%&>- Ylvdayopav icpikoaocprjaa yap virep yev6crea><i rrj? Teyvrjs teal teal fiot otTodev avT?]<.er&) ateTtvos. Wdrfvaiois fiot fiev ovv ov irdvv it 6Be o A. teal ai>Tol BtefiaWov evavTias fiev Tavri] ov/e aXfjOeZs Bo%a$ virep crteoirelv.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.' co r/Se /xot [3tov aipecrts. [xdWov r) vit' avrots teelaOat.

Now of inspiration and wisdom. envy. ye wise of the Egyptians it was a sound choice and in the spirit of Pythagoras. where not one more and another less. and in making it I neither deceived for I have become all myself. nor was deceived that a philosopher should become.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. full . and all that she promised to bestow upon the philosopher. or any race of men. thoroughly investigated the nature of the soul. the well-springs of whose existence lie back in the immortal and in the unbegotten. who have of foreknowledge. that is For I have studied profoundly the problem mine. inexperience so inclined me. and to be dreaded by tyrants rather than cringe to them. but wherein men of all ages alike. . and to have your humble offerings appear sweeter to the gods than the offerings of those who pour out before them the blood of bulls. began by looking up to 43 . and light. of the rise of the art and whence it draws its first principles and I have realised that it belongs to men of transcendent religious gifts. will enunciate the same doctrine of And I myself. that . because my youth and the soul.' This was the life I chose. . and recognise a hero. and detect and put to shame the shadowy phantoms which disguise themselves in the form of men. they cavilled against him and adopted opinions of the soul opposed thereto And one may well ask and altogether false. BOOK VI and the faculty to regard no man with chap. at once. whether there is any city. And when you are pure I will grant you the faculty I will so fill your eyes with you shall distinguish a god. to I agree that this doctrine was wholly alien for when Plato in their city the Athenians lifted up his voice and discoursed upon the soul.

\e7rr6repot fiev rrjv %vveaiv ToiotBe dvdpwTTOL KaOapwrepais ofii\ovvre<i d/cTiaiv." ravrd Oevra ol fie Trpb bfiwv co? eV 'JVSoim? erpe-\jrev evOvprj- 7repl avTwv.ret9. rjv rr)<. o~ii S' avrbv rpi?]pap^ou twos o'iei (pvXdp^ov e/cd\et$. crv Be zeal orov eh] Be 6 fxev i7r7rorp6<pov Kal arparrj- yov 7r«.. fieXiTi £uy/ceKpapevo<. ovk diro tmv (pvaei irarepoiv BlBco<. elBevai. "eTvy%aves wvr) rrjv r)\iKiav eyoviroiv rov epav. &>? avrol aBouai. i) tmv Oeaei. dX)C cro<f>la<.Tpo9 Kal xop^yol rj ol Trdiriroi.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS C y?' Y ecr $ e v7rep(f)V(i)<. rj dpd y av kuv drjBr)<i "TrpoadyeaOau rd iraiBi/cd tovtois.a<i. teal n el ird\iv avrois.7j Bo^at irarpbOev ovopdXoiv to pbeipdiciov. Kal irpbs rov BiBda Kakov " el rov epauTov Btrjeiv ravra. o Be i(pio~rd<i fie. dva/3ait] o NeiXo?." elirev. roov epoovTcov. p. tjv ovv epebv. air e/c(pv\ov airopd^ real vodov. ^\vBol evpov. dXijdearepoi Be ra<. irepl (pvcreoos re teat Qetov B6<. e^?. are dy)(i6eoi Kal 7rpb<> apx^h tPjs fypoybvov Kal Oepfify overlap oIkovvtc?' re avrols eiraObv ri irpb^ ttjv evrv^div eirayye\iav row 44 . bvop-d^eis avrrp. dXX" dirb fiei^ov Alyv7TTLoi<. wpas. elra pueipaKiw KaXut evrv)(iov Kal dyaaOelq avrb 7rai<.

X1 extraordinary knowledge of most things but when e I explained my views to my own teacher. if then you dubbed him the child of some skipper or policeman. because such men as they live in contact with a purer daylight. and that his grand-parents had been furnishers of a chorus. he interoi^naUty ar"i wisdom rupted me. but by the name of its adoptive sires and so confer upon the Egyptians a greater boon. yourselves. and live on the edge and confines of that thermal essence . And when I came among them. ' turned my steps to the Indians rather than to for I reflected that they were more yourselves subtle in their understanding . namely if the Nile on reaching its full were found It was this which to be with honey blent ? to call him by instead that of . would you call it not by the name which its natural parents bore. and giving him some ignoble and spurious parent ? If then you were enamoured of the wisdom which the Indians discovered. do you suppose that you would thereby be the more likely to captivate his affections. VI had the reputation of an chap.Brahmans pressionable age were inclined to form a friendship and suppose you met a handsome youth . and entertain truer opinions of nature and of the gods. which quickens all unto life. than if that were to happen over again which their own poets relate. and suppose he were the son of a knight or a general. their message made the same im45 . and admired his looks. because you BOOK . and you asked whose son he was. and said as follows: 'Supposing you were in a passionate mood and being of an im.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. and that you would not rather make yourself odious to him by refusing — his father's name. because they are near unto the latter.

dvBpcbv. rjpcoai re teal a Trpoacpopov bOev 'Adtjvaiot rjaOPjadaf irarepa fiev avrbv rfj<. r) to vtto o~tc)]vf)<.evriv. TrapaiTrjcrdfievos firj/cos.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. re irpo)ro<i rjpcoicriv eKocrp. rd yap rod Atcr^vAou yp-rjcpura/ievcov dveBiBdo-tcero tcai evaea /xev etc tcaivt]<. fiev firjBe BoKelrco raura erepw a7njWd')(9a>.' tcaLroi rpaycpBlas ev /ce/cocrp.ein]<. okiyrj %dpi<i.ri/j.rjaev. el puev tov$ ^opc/vs drroTcihrjv bvras.rj6 elq Be teal TT)VTeyyi)v. o>9 'laa itcelvois fiaivoiev. /xev r/yfraro eitcacr- p. 46 . otcplftavTOs Be tou? v7TOKpird<. evvoiav r)rrov Be^ia) rrjv iro'vqcnv' o B fiev Be tcav irapao-yelv evdvp. evcppalvei rj yap ev afii/cpco t/}? fjfiepas. eavrov. rpaywBLas rjyovvTO. &>? Trpocrr) <pvd tm p.eya\eiu> fiaXXov tgS tcaTa/3e(3\r)p. oirolov Xeyovrcu 7rpo9 rijv Alo-%v\ov ao(piav rraOelv 'Adrjvatoi • 7rof7/Tr/9 fiev yap ovros ^vveareCKe Tpaycphias eyevero. r<bv &)9 fxrj ev <f)avep<b a(f>drToi. eaO/ipiao-i ipe/3i. diroOv^aKeiv eirevbrjaev. etcdXovv Be teal redvecora e? Aiovvcria. evO v p.evi]$ rocs tcov ijpcbtov elBeaiv. viroKptTwv to rS)v fiovwBiwv avTiXegeis evpe. <pc\oao(pia<i Be £vytcetpJv7)<. ttjv re^vrjv Be opobv dtcard- cricevbv re teal pujirw KeKoap.i]6el<.ev(p re teal inrb rroSa. &)<? eird^tov rod rpaywBlav iroielv (f)0eyyoiro. rj Ta<.rjp./3acrev. aKevotroiLa<. coenrep tcov Aiovvalcov copa. ao<pia<.

pression to BOOK VI upon me as the talent of Aeschylus is said chap. to adapt his stage to sublime.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. and he mounted actors on buskins so that their gait might his correspond to the characters they played and he was the first to devise stage dresses. Well. for in accordance with public decree the plays of Aeschylus continued to be put upon the stage and win the prize anew. we must nevertheless making admit that they might have suggested themselves But his talent equally well to an inferior dramatist. : continued to invite him to represent his pins at the Dionvsiac festival. rather than to humble and grovelling. on the other hand as a manager. Accordingly he devised masks which represented the forms of the heroes. if we cannot deny his talent in all these improvements. as brief as is the season of the Dionysiac festival but . have made upon the Athenians. discarding the long monodies of the earlier time and he hit upon a plan of killing people behind the . themes. was twofold. For he was a poet of tragedy. for its pleasures last a brief day. and invented dialogues for the actors. reasons the Athenians accounted him to be the and even after his death they father of tragedy . he Aeschylus went to work. inchoate and as yet not in the least elaborated. - or "reduced in size the unduly large choruses. and curtailed the prolixity of the 1 chorus. and finding the art to be rude and themwttL. And vet the gratification of a well-staeed tragedv is insignificant. which might convev an adequate impression to the audience of For all these the heroes and heroines they saw. stage instead of their being slain before the eyes of the audience." 47 . On the one hand as a poet he set himself to make his diction worthy of tragedy.

r)pLevr]<.ev o-KevPjz.ev ?]yd<jdi]v avrovs.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS CAr.u><nrep airo8vbp. oikovvto. ^povov. 77)9 dcpltceaOe 8evpo. elvat.d\\ov ej3ov\eo~6e 8oKelv 'Ii^coy i'lKovTes. <a? &>9 irpb Tlvdayopas iSi/caLcoaev.j3ov\oi.evoi to KWio7re<.? eirl tt/9 7>?9 teal ovk eV avTT)?.dT(ov Tt}<. 8i. ov/c e'9 Uvdayopov ftpayyv ^povov r] %/ipiS. jxev.evov<i fiai. teal ou8ev 77 KeKTt]p. el 8' alviyfidrmv dirTO- llvOayopov £vy%Mpei ravra. viroOeia^ovcrrjs 8e. koI «T«^tcrT&)9 rerei^capLevovi. bdev £vv- eyv/jLi>ob6}]Te p. ev Sl/cy 8e i)youpiai aocpovs re kcli p-aKaplov^. TrapehcoKe yap yov teal to alv'iTTeiv.. '\v8oi. 8i) dXX e? cnr&ipov re teal dptop^ov 7r\eico. ov to. copa fiavOd- veiv ' el8ov dv8pa<. ao<pLti tci irdvTcov.8do~Ka\ov eupaw auoTrrj^ Xo8e TavTt]^ eyiveaOe fiev teal ai>Tol o~o(f)La<i Hu- Oayopa ' £vp. ov aireiKos tl iraOelv puot Bokco <pi\oo~o(pLa<i i)rrrj0el<. fce/cocrp. rj eTepoi p. alBot tov \6yov. ottoo-i] eiceldev. 'I^Scoi/ ewi/veiTe. nrdvTa vplv e'9 AlOi07re<. Jv8ol crret- \avres atv ' ecf) vyjrrjXris re teal Qelas /i^^av^s i/c/cv/c\ov- fo>9 8e ev Si/cy p. i)v eu 69 to Trpoacpopov .. eirel 8' Iz^Sol to apyaiov irdXat ovTes 81 bv etc pLi]vip. 01 diro tovto e8paT0. Oeovs 8e Oepairevew 48 .

This is why you stripped yourselves of the apparel in which you came thence. You will nothing. and yet possessed of all things. BOOK VI the gratification of a philosophic system devised to chap. and then wheel it forth upon the And that I was right to Describes stage. I beheld men dwelling upon the thTnaked* earth. and that I am right in considering" ^h \ & Brahmans . meet the requirements of a Pythagoras. it is now time to who were convince you. to use a metaphor from the stage. admire them. lasts not for a brief time. and you took every pains to efface your past. when he discovered that the word is the teacher of silence. as it deserves to be mounted.. to have devoted myself to a philosophy so highly elaborated. . This is why you tried to get Indians. but for an endless and incalculable period. And there was a time when you yourselves took counsel with Pythagoras. and were advocates of this same wisdom that was in the time when you could say nothing too good of the Indian philosophy. you . 1 beheld them possessed of and . but the wisdom of Pythagoras allows of this for he taught us to speak in riddles. and also XI breathing the inspiration in which Pythagoras was anticipated by the Indians.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. for to begin with and of old you were . . Subsequently because your soil was wrath with you. men to regard you as anything rather than Ethiopians who had come from India hither. them to be wise and blessed. 49 VOL. I think. say that I have taken to riddles. as if you were anxious to doff along with it your Ethiopian nationality. and yet not upon it. upon a lofty and divine mechanism. I beheld them fortified sa£ es without fortifications. you came hither and then ashamed of the reasons owing to which you quitted it. the Indians mount. F. It is then not unreasonable on my part. to one which. liii. II.

a\V rep rt9 vyiio<. virep *\vho\ epavTov el ptev ptev Xe^co ovhev. eirjv yap.wv. Ttva. rd<i he oiToov. ov/c avTol htafiefiXrjptevot ical tm cuf> oXaav hia/3e/3\?]a0at tf/cetv o't ovhe p. ptev ep:i]v 6<p6a\p. re wcnrep ov/c eVir^SetOL"? 'lvhcov Karecrr7)re. d^tovvres 0eol tcov avrots ovtcov ovhe eavrovs vptels.66v- ras'Trepl avToov ho^av. ir pore o? ahcov 69 'R\evi]v evavTtov pa \6ycp iraXtvcphiav avrov Xoyos ovtos yhi] i/cdXecrev. aocpiav he ovttco 7-779 ethoTes dvaicreyco o urjTOL (paiveaoe eir avTrj oot. 5° ..)]<. dptetvw r. 1 /cal vpas eyei aocpta tjjv 'Iptepaiov dvhpos. hiS]X0e<. o'k irepl TlvOovs ^pcocn}<i.erep- pvdpbicrOe tto) ye tovto. iraXtvwhtav ot)<. dXXa cpeihecrO at dira^iovatv (deenreatcov. ovhev eirtTrjhevetv 'Ivhovs cf)dcricovTe$.ei<i teal dycoyds. ye )(PV dvhpon>. wv /ecu e/cetvot ireiravrai. el he /ecu dpovcrot 7rpb<. dX\' ^prjarov 7T€7roLi]a0e rj avTou €K7r\t]i. 6 pte riyovvTCLi. rr}<. /cat Ti')pepov eiriheifyi' cpt\o\othop6v re /cat laptftcohr). Xoyov /cat a7rXw? re ical d/caracr/cevcos irapd- hetypta eyevero crot tov 1 Xoyov is vecos /cr/pov /cal irre- The reference to Stesichorus.? vvv irapeaTrjKvLa^ pteTaXa. /cat rd<. Xoyow.FLA VI US PHILOSTRATUS cap.. ^lvhcbv he ov ^vy^copco airreaOai. ov/c ecTTiv eVf/xo? o tcai avrovs copa Xeyetv. eyfrr/cpiaaaOe rbv Atyinrrtov pciXXov e<? rj tov vfierevirep pov rpoTTOv.

and why you have Xl set yourselves to disseminate unflattering stories of the Indians.' so changing your opinion and adopting one better than you at present entertain about these people. rather than in your own fashion. but I do not myself find that . made some remarks Refutes the about the simplicity and freedom from pomp which ¥"g?m nt | characterises the Pythian oracle and by way of from the example you instanced the temple composed off.:^^' wax and feathers. as worthy of them. for I am content to be what the Indians think me but I will not allow them to be And if you are so sound and sane as to attacked. because as yet you are ignorant of my wisdom. But if you have not the wit to recant. as if in maligning them you did not people and in pandering to their eyes and ears. "You have also. who composed in honour of Helen a poem which contradicted a former one and called it a palinode. And in this respect you have not yet altei'ed your tone for the better. 1 E 2 . BOOK VI your own nest. and whose possessions they do not disdain for themselves. it is high time for you also to use the words he used and say: 'This discourse of ours is not true. Thcspesion. for only to-day you have given here an exhibition of your propensities for abuse and satire. you show yourself indifferent to the fame which crowns it. vouchsafe. in defence of myself I do not mean to say anything. their own prerogatives. you must at least spare men to whom the gods And .LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. pretending that the Indians are no better employed than in startling foul have resolved to worship the gods in the Egyptian ctiap. Well. possess any tincture of the wisdom of the man of Himera.

pcov ^vvredeis • ifxol Be d/caTacr/ceva fiev Bo/cel ovBe ravTa. tovs Be Xttttcov re /cal ravpeov koX ere- pcov ^oiwv. tov Be E.Wr)vci re 7rpoacj)vd rfj eavrov /career KevdKero crocfyta rpoirov Kal r/yXat^e tovtco rrjv Ylv6u>. zeal ciWov veco Kal Be dWov rivet Kal fxeydXcov 7]br] Kal eKaro/XTreBcov. to yap %vfA(f>epeTe irrepd r olcovol /crjpov re /ie\iTTai /caTaa/ceva^ofxevov oi/JLcu. 6 B\ cro- ravTa fjyovfAevos /cal Trj$ eBeijOrj eavrov cpias ijrrco. tov tcov fiapftdpoov ttXovtov.a. rovs Be df6pco7T(ov. Uv6d> Koa/xov dir/fKacrev Kal out avrto dya\/jLaro7roiiav /coXocrcrovs e? dirdyovaav fiev to iepbv tov<. ovre TXavKov fierd tov v7TOKpari]piBiov yKOVTa.ai Be avrbv '' Koa/xov eveica Kal e<? fierpa ifi/3if3d%€iv rovs XP ! 7 jjlovs. dewv. UoXvyvcoros e/cel ypd<pei. Uv0ov<i rjyetro.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.' eiceivov /xev virep rcov evBeiKVv/xevos. ol/xai. fii/cpd i]v oIkov /cal olkov <x^/}yu. ^vveXe^aro re rrjv rd evBoKt/jicorara evefca. 'tva yKi^oivro eiceivov B-rj fidWov i) tov /cal Bia-rropOelv to. aA-A. avrols 'RW/jvcov ecrijyero. ovre y)v ri]V d\icrKO/xevr)v Ykiov aKpoiro\iv. €t yap fii) tovto eTreBei/cvvTO. ov yap B)) tov XP v ~ gov ye tov AvBiov KaWiowia/JLa t?)<. evb<> avrwv Kal ewe- %pvaa<i ivyyas dvdyjrai \eyerai —eiprjvcov -%ovaa<i irei6co. dWrjXcov. rdv dvaOtjfidrcov e<. i-\yovp. roidcrBe dv ras 52 .

' Such language betokens a carefully prepared home and the form of house. . and bees your wax. me : ' Oh birds bring hither your wings. nor the picture of the taking of the citadel of Ilium . For if he did not wish to make a show in this matter. For I imagine he not consider that the gold of Lydia really beautified the Pythian fane. I believe. authors brought him to his temple colossal figures both of gods and men. and also of horses. And I believe that it was by way of adornment that he also puts his oracles in metrical form.e Pythian temple for ornament nor did he reject works of statuary. he would surely fashion 53 . but he admitted it on behalf of the Hellenes themselves. and adorned his shrine therewith. and therefore desired another and yet another temple. and inducing them to covet that rather than continue to ravage one another's And he accordingly adopted the Greek lands. when their . . did of art which suited his peculiar wisdom. which Polygnotus painted there.1X1 LIFE OF APOLLOXIUS. the immense riches of the barbarians. by way of pointing out to them. oxen and nor did he refuse the gift which other animals Glaucus brought thither of a stand for a goblet. big ones these and a hundred feet in breadth and from one of them it is said that golden figures of the wryneck were hung up which possessed in a manner the charm of the and the god collected the most precious of Sirens the offerings into tlj. BOOK Ave VI even this for have the chap. And the god I believe regarded even this as too humble and below the to have dignity of his wisdom. was devoid of pomp.

Be ao<pal di>opbd%eo~0ai o-o<p(orepac ical vp. r]. 6 S' Iva fieyaXoppij/xcov re (patvoiro ical rjhlcov rot*. av he 'Opujpov fiev I.7) Wi. eirecSt) teal £vv (f>pov7Jfiari 6p0cp (fcpd^et \6yqj. he /cal fiovicoXovs. w? (pare vpuels.? p. dpi0p. ci\Xa ical T17V tydpLLtov elhevai (prjcriv.drcov (paaiv. epojTwai. Book 11. 54 . /cal llol ld)p. 0r)pevwv ^vv erraivw re 6 ri he fir) avroov /cal epcori. p.. elvai.fid%ov<. icocr/civa ^eairecrioyv. o7roo~)]. /cal ra Trjs 0a\dr- T?.ev ip. p. hvvara. (plXtj he 'I^Sot?.ev epuoi. tnrofcpLcreis eiroielro • hpd rb heiva rj /xr/ rj Spa.rj d%0ecrr). r)v daira- £o[p. avra o AvoWmv . Wi rj p. /xavrcKj}. ravra reparoXoyia.evai a><.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. /cara- XeiTTGOv 1 avrb li^pavrov is ijroyov. 6 ri TTOLrjrtKrjv lit) yp/xoaaro.rj fipayea yap ttov ravra. ical ttoiov %v /j. voaovvra d^tovcTL i) rcov 0pepLp. ecpucroi' eh] llol. *H real o~o/3apto*. el he p.evat em ra TTOLpbevas.el<.vd. eixpij- ovhev elprjaerat irepairepco. jxla yap <pt\rj p. (poircocriv tw ypdes ore dvr)pup.erpa %vvei\i](pevai irdvra. yvp. ol are^z'to? fidvreis' rovro irapa rrjv ^lvhwv aocplav <paivecr0e. /cal ttoiov. /cal ovk a£ioi 1 olhev.7]o~a<i auri]v. 7rpoo-ypd<pei<. The reference to Herodotus. y\corrrj<i.i]v to? ra p. ol rrjv Liev yap 0elol re elai /cal /ce/c6crpLr}VTai vpuel'i he — aX)C Kara Uv0lav.avra> oirahbv apua /cal i)yepLova rr}<.

he adopted the poetical form . for modesty in speech is as dear to me as it is dear to the Indians. seeking to case. without my odyss. by divination. ( choose I suppose you will call it miracle-mongering. at what I say. and ' go. and also to have fathomed the depths of the sea.' go. and he does not allow that anything exists which he does not know. pretending to heal their flocks.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. yea wiser than those who are unfeignedly It seems to me that you are in the same prophets.' or For here are short formulas. as they call it. Apollo dictates his oracles with such proud But if you will not be dignity and elation of spirit ? annoyed. when . grand style. there are certain old women who go about with sieves in their hands " But that to shepherds. when they are sick. or as you call it naked But in order to display his mastery of the ones. I Indians for . or do not choose them. — compass what those to is in whom I am what is too high But you no bespattering it with petty disapproval. or do not this. but leaving alone for me to attain unto. but claims to have counted the sands of the sea and to know their number.- contrast your wisdom with that of the they are divine. doubt delight in the story which you have read in 55 power when I am praising so devoted. and have trimmed and adorned their science after the manner of the Pythian oracle but you however I will say no more. Thespesion. sometimes to cow-herds. make : BOOK VI Do his responses in such forms as the following: chap. or do not do that ' . and I would be glad to have it at once to attend upon and to guide my tongue. and in order to please those who came to consult his oracle. . and they claim to be called wise women. allies.

vovo-0ai. TrapacpOelpwv iiroiei. rpLTroSes avro- is to ^vp. dSi/cels. avrw davuara. Ka0direp v/xels. ovBe eVl &>9 Sficoais alriav ttotc ecr^e rals ypvaals.a' Kal yap rb yvp. Kal "Ap^ ? 1 u/j. Sd>o~ei Kal Troriel tovtovs. ydXafcrcx. Kal cn'OfMcordrovi aairopos Kal dv/jporos %a[pei<. C09 t) yrj tovs aypioyrdrou^ earia. y/covadv itote ol 0eol TOiavTrjs ypa<pPj<>' 'l\(fiaiaT€. kcli v\a<>. eVtre- TijBevi ao Be virep icbapLOV Kal ovBe aTreariv avTov to erepro cpaal TV(pu>. 'H\iov Be 56 . tw \6yu>. dvv- irohrjaia Be Kal rplfiwv Kal 7Tijpav dvi)<p0ai Koa/xov evp7]p.eva. eotKe fxev aKaracrKeixp re Kal \iT(p a^parc. icav 'HBcovoi Tives co<? rj AvBol (3aK- yevwcriv. rd<. oi)S' eartv. dairdcrovrai Kal rd iv kolXt] rfj yfj Bpu>p. eVetS?) rbv %pvcrbv Teyyt) epurvovv Koafxov yap eTTifxeXijaeTai itirep rrdaa.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. ovk aTncrTeis. avrols Kal otvov 7n]jd<. Swpa avroBe puara irapd /xaroi real 6 t?}? i'jKovra.irbata rwv 0ewv rrep (poiTcoai. rd Se e hl\iov re Kal 'h'Bcov •ndrpia Kal our} yaipei 0epa7revop:evo<. bri avro to eivai Te^a? Koapuov evptjrai.a07]<i wv Kal i~)(0pb<. 0eol fiev yap J(06vlol /360pov. KoapuCov to ^Vfiiroo-iov rwv 0ewv Kal rai<> 7T6puo-rd<. ix^ T(° T0V avrwv vofiov. rovs Be dxpaipjjcrrj crocpias dirdarj^ /5a/r^of<? yr)<. ev YLvK\w7r'ia cikovcov. ovttw tov &><> "Hcpatarov r eV civtoZs yeypairrac.

LIFE OF APOLLON1US,

BOOK

VI
all

Homer about the Cyclopes, how their land,
;

unsown

chap.

and unploughedj nourished the most fearless and most lawless of beings and if it is some Edoni or Lydians who are conducting their bacchic revels, you are quite ready to believe that the earth will supply them with fountains of milk and wine, and would deny to give them to drink thereof; but you
these Indians, lovers of all wisdom as enthusiastic as ever bacchants were, the unsought bounties which earth offers them. Moreover tripods, gifted with wills of their own, attend the banquets of the gods also and
;

Ares, ignorant and hostile as he was to Hephaestus,

yet never accused him merely for making them; nor is it conceivable that the gods ever listened to such an indictment as this: 'You commit an injustice, O Hephaestus, in adorning the banquet of the gods, Nor was and encompassing it with miracles.' for ever sued constructing handHephaestus maids of gold, nor accused of debasing the metals For every art because he made the gold to breathe. is interested to adorn, and the very existence of the arts was a discovery made in behalf of ornament. Moreover a man who goes without shoes and wears a philosopher's cloak and hangs a Avallet on his back is a creature of ornament nay, more even the
;

nakedness which you

affect, in spite of its

plain appearance, has for its object ornament decoration, though here too there is not absent certain element of what they call empty pride.

rough and and
a

We

must judge by the same standard the religion of the Sun and the national rites of the Indians and any for the subterranean cult in which that god delights gods will always prefer deep trenches and ceremonies
;

conducted in the hollows of the earth, but the

air is

57

FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS
cap.

a)]p o^yjfia, Kal Bel robs 7rpoa(popo)<i daopuevovs avrov diro 7/79 atpeadai Ka\ $jvp,uerecopo7ro\eiv tco 6eS>' rovro Be fiovXovrai pev irdvres, Bvvavrai

oe Lvooc p,ovoi.

XII
cap.

Avairvevaat

ravra i]Kovaev

iirrb

Adpis eavrbv (prjaiv, iireiBr) yap row rod 'AtroWtoviov

\oyoov ovrco Siare0P]vai robs Alyvrrriovs, d>s rbv SeaTrealcova pev Kalroi pueXava ovra KardiBifkov eivai, ore epvOpian], cpaiveaOai Be rtva /cal irepl

rovs

Xomobs

eK7r\i]^iv e0' ot9 eppcopevcos re /cal

£vv evpoici BtaXeyopevov i]Kovaav, rbv vewrarov Be ru)v Alyvirrloiv, a> ovopa rjv Net\o9, /cal avaTniBrjaai (prjatv vtto 0avp,aros, pueraarcivra re 7rpbs rbv 'ArroXXcoviov ^vp/3aXecv re avrcp rrjv xelpa Kal Beladai avrov rds ^vvovaias, at eyevovro avrw rrpbs robs 'IvBovs, (fypd^eiv. rbv Be WttoX" aol pev ovBevbs av," <pdvai," {3aa/CT]i>aipt Xojviov, eyai \6yov, (pi\r}fcoq> re, aas opto, rvy^dvovrt Kal aocpiav daTTa^op,ev(p Ttaaav," QeaTreaicovt Be /cal
et ris erepos Xypov rd 'IvBcov i]yelrai, /at) av eiravrXr/aac robs itcefflev Xoyovs' bOev o Qeaireatcov, " el Be " ?} vavKXijpos t)aOa /cai ep,7ropos," eiirev, riva i)plv airf/yes e/ceiOev cpoprov, dpa av tj^lovs, eTreiBi) am 'IvBwv oi/ros, d8o/clp,aarov avrov BiariOeaOai Kal p.ijre yev/xa rrapi^etv avrov p.t']re " Belypa;' vTroXafBaiv Be o WttoXXcovios, rrapetav" elire, " rots ye -^pij^ovaiv, el 8" tjkwv ris ybp,rjv

53

LIFE OF APOLLONIUS, BOOK VI
the chariot of the sun and those who would sing chap. his praise in a fitting manner must rise from the earth and soar aloft with the god and this everyone would like to do, but the Indians alone are able to
;
;

do

it."

XII
Damis says that he
heard this address
;

for that

breathed afresh when he chap. xn the Egyptians were so

impressed by Apollonius' words, that Thespesion, in y^f^ o£ the Naked spite of the blackness of his complexion, visibly g° blushed, while the rest of them seemed in some way vfr t'o the vigorous and fluent discourse which Apollonius stunned by they listened to but the youngest of them, whose name was Nilus, leapt up from the ground, he says, in admiration, and passing over to Apollonius shook hands with him, and besought him to tell him about the interviews which he had had with the Indians. And Apollonius, he says, replied " I should not
; :

e

grudge you anything, for you are ready to listen, as I see, and are ready to welcome wisdom of every kind but I should not care to pour out the teachings I gathered there upon Thespesion or on anyone else
;
:

who regards the lore of the Indians as so much nonsense." Whereupon Thespesion said " But if you were a merchant or a seafarer, and you brought to us some cargo or other from over there, would you claim, merely because it came from India, to dispose of it untested and unexamined, refusing us either the liberty of looking at it or tasting it?" But Apollonius replied as follows " I should furnish but if the moment it to those who asked for it my ship had reached the harbour, some one came
: ;

59

FLAV1US PHILOSTRATUS
cap. eirl rrjv

OdXaTTav KaraTreirXevKvia^ dpTC
(f)6prq)
?}

t?}? vecos,
o>9

eXoiBopecTO rep ij/covra eK 7?}?,
7r\7]TT6V &)?

Kal BiefiaWe pev avrov
vyce*;
(pepei, ip.ol

p,i]Bev

Be eire-

°ux virep cnrovSaiwv dywy'ip^wv 7rA,eucravn, rov'i re aWovs errecdev ovtco (fypovelv, ap' dv aoi ooKet Ti? KcnaifXevaas e? TOfoz^e \ip.eva /3a\ea6ai rtva djKvpav rj Tretapba, a\V °^%t pidXXov dvao-etcras rd larua pierecoptaaL dv Ti]v vavv e? to TreXayos, dvep^oi^ eViTpe-v^a? rd iavrov " dXX" ljBiov ye i) d/cptTOLS re Kal d%£voi<; i]0eaiv;"
eyw, t(p7] o Nei\os,"\apL{3dvopLa,L tmv Treio-pLUTGOv Kal dvTif3o\oi ere, vavKXijpe, KOivwvrjo-at puot t?}? epLiropias, rjv dyeis, Kal ^vvepp3a[)]v dv aoi Ti]v vavv irepiveoj's re Kal pivnpicov tou crov (poprov."

XIII
CAP-

AtaTravaac Be
"
)(aipco"
ecf)')],

6 (^eaireaicov tyjrow

rd rotavra,
v-nep

"

A.7roX\d>vi€,

on d^dy

&v

iJKovaas'

Kal

yap

dv Kal

i)puv

%vyy iyvd>o-KOLS

d^dopievois v-rrep wv Bie[3aXe$ rrjv Bevpo ao<plav, ovBe e? irelpdv ttco avTi)s dcpiypevos" 6 B' e'/c7r\ayel<; p,ev virb
ttco

aKTjKoevat
"

rd

rod Xoyov irpos /3pa%v rd) p.rjS' Trepl tov ®paau/3ovX6v re Kal
,

rbv JZvcppdrijv, fjupfiaXcov B
yeyovos,
'IvBol Be," elirev,

coairep

ela>6ei,

to

"

&

Secnrealctiv, ovk

dv

tovto erraOov, ovB' dv Trpocrea)^ov Eu^par?; KaOtivTi TavTa, crocpol yap 7rpoytyvcocrKeLV. eyd> Be
iBiov puev ep,avT0v irpbs JLvcppaTtjv Bt,i]vex6)]v ovBev,

60

LIFE OF APOLLONIUS, BOOK VI
down to the beach and began to run down my cargo chap. xu and abuse myself, and say that I came from a which produces nothing worth having, and country if he reproached me for sailing with a cargo of shoddy goods, and tried to persuade the rest to think like himself, do you suppose that one would, after entering such a harbour, cast anchor or make his cables fast, and not rather hoist his sails and put out to sea afresh, entrusting his goods more gladly to the winds "than to such undisceming and " Well, I anyhow," said Nilus, inhospitable people ? lav hold on your cables, and entreat you, my skipper,
•'

to let

and
as

share your goods that you bring hither would gladly embark with you in your ship check your clerk to a super-cargo and a
;

me

I

merchandise."

XIII
Thespesion, however, was anxious to put a stop to chap. such propositions, so he said: "I am glad, Apollonius, x
that you are annoyed at what we said to you for rei^ts°he calumnies you can the more readily condone our annoyance at the misrepresentation you made of our local wisdom, Euphrates long before you had gained any experience of its Apollonius was for a moment astonished quality." at these words, for he had heard nothing as yet of the intrigues of Thrasybulus and Euphrates but as was his wont, he guessed the truth and said " The Indians, O Thespesion, would never have behaved as you have, nor have given ear to these insinuations dropped by Euphrates, for they have a gift of Now I never had any quarrel of my prescience. own with Euphrates; I only tried to wean him of his
;
:

:

61

FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS
cap.

^p^/xdrcov Be dirdyoav avrbv

teal

rov

fir]

erraivelv

to ££ airavTos KepBoi, ovr emr^Beia £vfif3ov\eveiv

eoo^a ovre eKeivw Sward, Kal ekeyyov Be rjyelrai ravra Kal ov/c avLrjtriv del, kcit e^iov ^vvriOeis.

n

eirel
i]6o<i,

Be

rndavbs

vfx.lv
ft)?

eBo^e

roviibv
viid<;

8ia/3d\\eiv
efiov
Bie-

evdvLielaOe,
e/xol

rrporepov;
iiev

/3a\ev

yap

klvBvvol

zeal rrepl

rbv Bia-

/3e/3\i)(r6Lievov

ov afiiKpol
ovBev,

tyaivovrac,

iiLayjaerai

ydp
ouS'
el

7rov
01

dScKcov

eXevdepoi

Be

klvBvvwv
Bokovgiv,
rctiwv-

row

Bia/3o\cov

d/cpoaaoLievoL

rrpwrov

p.ev

d\ojaovrai
avTtjv

-tyevBoXoyiav
oyvrrep
ttjv

T69

Kal

d^iovvres

elra

KOV(p6ri)ra

Kal

evaywylav

rovrcov

Kal

fieipaKto)

— rjrraaOac — (pOovepol aia^pov
i)yovvrai,

dXtfOeiav,
Be

re

So^ovai BiSdaKaXov aKof}<; dBiKov rroioviievoi rbv (pOovov, avroi re fxaXkov evo%oi rat? Bia/3o\al$,
as
i(f>

erepcov

d\i)0el<;

al
a,

yap
ft?)

rcov

dv0poo7rcov
arovcri.
fjLi]Se

(pvcrei<i

erotfiorepai

Bpav,

dru-

rvpavvevaetev dvrjp eroijio? ravra, rrpocrrairj Btfiiov, tv pawls yap Kal rj Bripollt)

Kparla
pt]Bevbs

vtt*

avrov earai,

Ltf)Be

BiKacreiev,

vrrep
i)

yap yvcoaerai,

pr/Be vavK\i]p))aeiev,

yap

vavs cracndaei, pr]Be dp^eie arparov, rb yap dvrl^oov ev irpd^ei, pyBe cpi\oao(pijaeLev ovrtos e^cov, ov yap rrpbs rdXrjOes Bo^dcrei. vpas Be TLvcppdrys
62

LIFE OF APOLLONIUS,
passion for

BOOK

VI

money and cure his propensity to value ciiAr. xin by what he could make out of it but I everything found that my advice was not congenial to him, nor in his case practicable nay he merely takes it as a tacit reproach, and never loses any opportunity of But since you have found intriguing against me. his attacks upon my character so plausible, I may as well tell you that it is you, rather than myself, that he has calumniated. For though, as is clear to me, the victims of calumny incur considerable dangers, since they are, I suppose, sure to be disliked without having done any wrong, yet neither are those who incline to listen to the calumnies free from danger for in the first place they will be convicted of paying respect to lies and giving them as much attention as they would to the truth, and secondly they are convicted of levity and credulity, faults which it is And disgraceful even for a stripling to fall into. they will be thought envious, because they allow
; ;

;

envy to teach them to listen to unjust tittle-tattle and they expose themselves all the more to calumny, For man is by because they think it true of others. nature inclined to commit a fault which he does not Heaven discredit when he hears it related of others.
;

forbid that a man of these inclinations should become a tyrant, or even president of a popular state for in his hands even a democracy would become a tyranny ; nor let him be made a judge, for surely he will not Nor let him be captain of a ever discern the truth. ship, for the crew would mutiny, nor general of an army, for that would bring luck to the adversary ; nor let one of his disposition attempt philosophy, for he would not consider the truth in forming his But Euphrates has deprived you of even opinions.
;

63

FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS
cap.

d(prjpt]Tat

Kal to

ao(f)OV<i

elvdi,

ov<i

yap

-^-evSei

inrip/dyero, 7rw?

aeiav,

179

av ovroc aocpias clvtovs a£id)n aTrearycrav tw rd p,yj iriBavd 7reiaavTi;
S'

btairpaivwv
(ppc'iTOv,"

avrbv

6

(~)ea7reato)V,

"

aXi?

Et»civ

e<f>T],

"Kal piKpoyjrv'vcov Xoycov, Kal yap

Kal StaWaKTcd <yevoLp.edu aoi re kukclvco, aocfrov yyovpevot Kal to Statrdv o~o<f)oi<;. 71/509 de vpudf" " Ti9 SiaWd^ec pe; XPV J (l P 7rov Kara^revelrre, *1 crOevra eK7re7ro\epc7jadac virep tov yjrevBov;." " -n
''

e^erco ovtcos,"

o'

o

\TToWd>VLO<i, "teal

o-i7ovb~,<;

aTTTcopeOa, tovtI

yap

>)p,ci<;

biaWdtjei

p,dWov"

XIV
,

9£*!-

Kpo)v Se 6 NetXo? t>}9 aKpoacrecos tov dvbpos, " Kal " pjjv ere," €(j)i), irpocThKei dp^ai tov ctttovbdcrai, SieXdovra rjptv tj'/v re dirobijpLav tijv yevo-

pevyv

(70i

e'9

to 'ivbdw eOvos rd? re eKel arrovbds,
eiroieiooe.
eyco
be,

a9 virep \ap-7Tpc>)v bijirov
ecprj 6 (decnreo-Lcov,

"Kal

irepl t/}9

QpacoTov aocpia^
o

aKovaai ttoOw, Xeyeade yap Kal

tcov eKeivov\6yu>v

ayaXpara
adpuevo^

utto

lvbcov ayetv.

pev

brj

A7ro-V-

Xcovios dp%)]v tov
81 yet,

\6yov rd
01

ev T5a/3v\cbvi iron]-

irdvTa,
\6ycp.

Se

dapevoi
8'

rjKpooivjo
&)9

inroKeipevot

tw

pecrripfipia

eyevero,

bteXvcrav tijv aizovh^v, tov
01

yap Katpov tovtov Kal
in the text.

Tvpvol
1

77-/309

iepols ylyvovrat.

There seems a lacuna here

64

LIFE OF APOLLONIUS,
;

BOOK

VI

the quality of wisdom for how can those on whom chap. he has imposed with his falsehoods claim wisdom for xm themselves ? have they not deserted from it to take sides with one who has persuaded them of " Here Thespesion tried to calm improbabilities ? him, and remarked: " Enough of Euphrates and of his small-minded affairs; for we are quite ready even to reconcile you with him, since we consider it the proper work of a sage to be umpire in the disputes of other sages." "But," said Apollonius, "who shall reconcile me with you ? For the victim of lies must surely be driven into hostility by the falsehood." "'Beit so," said Apollonius, " and let us hold a conversation, for that will be the best way
. . .

of reconciling us."

XIV
he was passionately anxious to listen CHAP, "And what's more, it behoves you XIV to begin the conversation, and to tell us all about pe^^ad the journey which you made to the people of India, Apollonius about the conversations which, you held there, I hi/lndian and have no doubt on the most brilliant topics." " And ex P erkl " " I too," said Thespesion, long to hear about the wisdom of Phraotes, for you are said to have brought from India some examples, of his arguments." Apollonius accordingly began by telling them about the events which occurred in Babylon, and told them everything, and they gladly listened to him, spellbound by his words. But when it was mid-day, they broke off the conversation, for at this time of day the naked sages, like. others attend to the ceremonies of religion.
Nilus, as
to Apollonius, said
:

And

65
VOL.
Ji.

V

FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS

XV
c
^y-

Aenrvovvrt Be tw AttoWwvlw Kal tois dp,j) avrov 6 Net\o? etylaTarai \a%dvoL<i ap,a Kal aprois Kal Tpayr]p,ao~i, tcl fxev avros (pepcov, ra Be
erepot,

'

Kal

vpuv re KiifAol ravra, Kayco yap w? <f)aaiv, a\\ %V(TcnT>](T(i) vpuv, ovk ciK\r]TO'i, " KaXcov." eiwev 6 'AttoWcovios, i)8v," ep,avTov " dnrdyet^, w veavla, £eiuov, creavfov re Kal to
i;evia Trep-rrovaiv

"

p.d\a

dcnelws,

"

01

aofyo'i"

efa],

(reavrov

i)do<s,

09 Be

da7ra£op.ev(p

KaraKXlvov
'

Bij

dBokws fxev (pt\oao(f)ovvTc eoiKas, ra \vBon> re Kal -HvOayopov. evravda Kal jjvcrcrLTei" " Kardy

"
€<pi],

Keifiai,
&>9

atria Be ovk earai aoi roaavra, " "
p,e."

ifi7r\i)o-at

eoueas"
"

elirev,

evcriTos

elvat Kal Beii'bs cpayeiv" BeivoTaro<; p,ev ovv" " 09 yap roaavT)]v Kal ovroi \ap.7rpdv Balrd ecpr), gov TrapadevTos ovirw e/x7re7r\))o-/xai, BiaXnroov Be

?;

okiyov ttuXlv eiriaiTiovixevo'i i']kw, ti (pi')(jei<; a\V " aKopearov re elvat p*e Kal Beivws ydarpiv ; " " oizoaai
ep.TTt7r\ao-o" elirev,
ftev avro<;

Ta9

Xoycov, dtpopfial B\ irapaBiBov, ra<i Be eyco Booaa)."

XVI
CAP.

'E7ret
p.ev

S' eBeL7TV7i<Tav,

"eyco,"

rj

aXkov y^povov eo-Tparevopr/v
i)

S' Net\o<?, ™rbi> op,ov tols I v/xvoa,
i

olov yfriXols thtiv

acpevBov)/Tai i ifceivois e/xavTov

66

LIFE OF APOLLONIUS,

BOOK

VI

XV
his comrades were about to dine, chap. Nilus presented himself with vegetables and bread and dried fruits, some of which he carried defends his and very a dh<;f io » to himself, while his friends carried the rest Apollomus i i t,i politely he said: "Ihe sages send these gifts of not only to yourselves but to me hospitality, for I mean to share in your repast, not uninvited, " It is a as they say, but inviting myself." delightful gift of hospitality," said Apollonius, "which

Apollomus and

when

ii

ni

;

,

/•

;

eater." "None like me," said the other, "for although you have set before me so ample and so brilliant a repast, I am not sated ; and after a little time I, am come back again to eat afresh. What then can you call me but an insatiable cormorant?" " Eat " your fill," said Apollonius, and as for topics
will give

bring to us, youth, in the shape of yourself and of your disposition, for you are evidently a philosopher without guile, and an enthusiastic lover of the doctrines of the Indians and of Pythagoras. So lie down here and eat with us." " I will do so," said the other, " but your dishes will not be ample " It seems to enough to satisfy me." me," said the other, "that you are a gourmand and an appalling

you

O

of conversation, some you must yourself supply, and you others."

I

XVI
when they had dined, " I," said Nilus, now have been camping together with the naked sages, and joined my forces with them as
So
" until

chap. XVI

67

FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS
cap.

^vvrdrrcov, vvvl he orrXirevaw kcu Koapijaet pe
aairis
?;

i)

cr?;.

«AA

oipai

ere,

eirrev,

Aiyvrrne,
alriav,

rrapa SeaTreatcovi re kol rots aXXoci
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0Z9 ovhe e?

eXeyyov
t)

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Karaaras
fiiov

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b

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ei

airia eXopievov karat,
airia
ical

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dXooaovrai pdXXov airep eyco eXop-evor

ro yap irpeaftvrepowi opov kol aocj)(orepov<i ovras
pr] irciXai ijpfjadai, airep

eyw

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av paXXov ovrco irXeoveicrovvras
eXeaOai, 6 riypyjaovrai." "

e? to (BeXriov

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w

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ye 6p6w$ ijpijpJvoi cpaivcovrai^ ravrd re ijvv etKori Xoyco irapairovpevoi, av re dpaavrepov

Xoyov

ho/cys drrreaBai /caBiaras

paXXov avros
"

rj

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v-woarpe^-as he o Alyvrrrios

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rov \\iroXXcoviov hb^av,
"

a pev

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i)V," e<pi],

Trpcafivrepois oputprelv veov, ov rrapelcop-^v eivai irepl
So/cjjs

rai pot, aocpiav yap birbr
1

rovs

Kayser reads (palvovrat, yet retains

just below.

68

" said Apollonius. to their advantage. the naked* Sagestojoin Apollonius . is this which you have expressed. at any rate. and secondly that you give the preference to our manners and discipline with more precipitancy than is admissible where a man is making choice of how he shall live." "I agree with you. " but if I am to blame for making this choice. now BOOK VI criAP. For it will be more justly reprehensible in them. if they make the same choice as myself.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. and " it is your shield that shall adorn me. my & good Egyptian." said the young man. I might also be to blame if I did not make it and anyhow they will be most open to rebuke. as they are both older and wiser than myself." But. of being right in choosing as they have done. my good youth. I have been careful to do so . . that after no further examination and testing of ourselves you have left them. "but beware lest the mere fact of their being so wise and aged should give them an appearance." But the Egyptian turned short round upon " So far Apollonius and countering his opinion said as it was right for a young man to agree with his elders. : thought that these gentlemen were possessed of a 69 . for so long as I with certain light armed troops or slingers." said Apollonius." "A very generous sentiment indeed. " I think. that ' > J S>Jf you will incur the censure or Ihespesion and his society for two reasons firstly. But I intend to put on my heavy armour. and of having good reason for rejecting my doctrine and lest you should seem to take up a very bold position in setting them to rights rather than in following them. not to have made the choice long ago which I make now for with all their advantages they will have failed to choose what in practice would so much ' XVI . . redound .

tov %dpLV ov cpovaiv. 0&9 777309 7. Be'uravTes. rjv ovk aAAot? rialv av6payrru>v vrrdp-^etv. &>9 p-yre 70 .FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS CAP. ciiroLKot Be 009 aocpcoraroi. yv/ivbs Be <ro/iez'09 Tvpvois eirefyornqo-a touto/9. e*9 _ TrapaTrX^alco^ T<xt9 e'/x. Be puoc TrpoaeTTOiyjcra rf/s 6pp.ev e'9 Bia/3o\d<. ecpauvovro ov jxrjv e/celva. 009 opas. 7rp6<f>aai<. fiev dvQ poaitwv 'IvBoi. wo-irep irore ' pa tovs Oeovs ovk dv TrapfJKcr 7rpo?]\@ov dv /ecu p^XP ro ^ ^x^ov T ™ v GOtpwVf et V °~ e yap irar/jp. e'9 a7T07r?. /cat fiot accpol puev. 7rarpa>^ovcn Be ovtol ttjv cro<plav real 7rpo9 ra oXkoi /3\e7rovo~i.ov B avToi/s epo/mevov.evoL<.. yevo/xevos ra p.o rrjv 'EpvOpdv. o 1 779 evravOa Qewv earecXev ep. rd lvBcov cptXocro- eiceivwv p. ere KareaTi]crav r/jpepov. i)v eiri- Alyvirnoi crTeWovaiv pltjas Be to 'IvBwv edvof.ol dpwybv.ev irarpwa tols /3ov\op.evai'i Be veov en.e 777)09 elpyp. 'IvBois tois eirl OaXarrr] ao(pd)V BieKopnae Xoyovs 7repl twv itceivr) dy^ov tovtcov./xa? Birj\de<f cikovwv Be avrov koX toiovtovI Tiva \oyov. TrXevaaupn. &>9 p*aBr)rd 'IvBwv rj dBe\<j)d ye e/ceiva>v. peipaKiov d<f>f)tca. Tt)v 'EpvOpdv fjpx e &£ &P a e'9 T % vecos.errXevae irore 6 irarrjp e9 eKoov. oipiai. dvBpas.8?. bvra tcareXe^av fit} to a9 6 avTMV avrwv kolvov. epuavrbv tovtols. 'IvBwv A16lo7T€<.T)<i i']Be eyevero. ep.

they plunged into abuse of the natives of that country very much as you have heard them do in their speeches this very day. : stories of the wise men of that region. unless some one of the gods had sent you hither to help me and enabled me without either 71 . I at. I would have pushed on until I reached the hill of the sages. I may tell you. he . namely that the Indians are the wisest of brought home mankind. captain of the ship which the Egyptians send to the Indies.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. or at And they any rate teaching allied to theirs. because I imagine they were afraid I might hastily quit them and undertake a voyage to And the Red Sea. I should certainly have done so. And his account which I heard was somewhat as follows. closely similar to those which you have told us. young. for he was. Well. surrendered my patrimony to those who wanted it more than myself. so they made me a member of their society. having reached my teens. I. and frequented the society of these naked sages. in the hope of picking up the teaching of the Indians. And after he had had intercourse with the Indians of the seaboard.chap. by Heaven. though not after the manner of India but when I asked them point blank why they did not teach the philosophy of India. who follow their forefathers in matters of wisdom. Now I was still . and fix their eyes on the institutions of their home. certainly appeared to me to be wise. naked myself as they. as you see. as my father did before me. BOOK VI wisdom which belonged to no other set of men. tached myself to them and the motive which actuated XV1 me to do so was the following My father once made a voyage on his own initiative to the Red Sea. yes. but that the Ethiopians are colonists sent from India.

iroWa>vios. eirdveicnv yap o Beivbv. o tl aiTW ere. tovs Be Tvpvovs " pL>) cvo^Xeiv t<p>}. el Be Ktiiceivovs e? rovrl p.r)v e^eiv. TV^i]<i 00-779 diroXafioov avrd xpfjTai povos. p.i]v avToli £vp. 7-019 re dyaOois irapa rrj<. T7)v 'EpvOpdv irXevaas pLrjre 777309 tovs Ko\7rtTa9 yevcra'ipj)]v.r)6fjvai dv rou yiyverai %vp. etTrev.f3ov\o<. pLiadov £e. Trj<." ov BiaXe^i] p." r) 8' 6 Nei\o?. ifif}<$ .evos. %vpf3ov\evovTa a 72 yprjcrdai. Opaav TrpdrTOipi . dXXa 7ru\ai tl pev r)pr)p. f)v Bijnrov to pij ov^ d ireireicrraL ijkovo-lv aortas re oaTis erepw avTOs rjprjrai. el otovBij upaprwv Tt9 ec£' edrjpevev . 7rapaj3a\op. ovk €%(ov. xvn Toiavra r el'pavTos tov Net/N. airei. &v epLavTov ireireiKa.ev avTO$ elXov./3ov\o<. ovre dweXarea rou tl koX avrrj fieXnov yrjpcos.of koX ovto) veavacd " virep v T o i ' elrrev. dcpatpelraL yap avTOiV to 7r\eioatv ?.eTaf3i/3d%oipi koI yiyvoLp. elire pot.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATCS cap. povxei. tl dv.oY&> fyaiveaQau XVII cap. ivdvp.. V7ro\af3oov " A. Siacfrevyei irelBeiv. dhucel rdyaOd.evo<? aortas 'IvBucfjs ov Tijpepov j3iov iroLi]a6pevo<i a'ipeaiv. a Be cop." TreiaopLaL" . yap r) veori) 1 . 7retcret9.)] a p.oi irpoTepov aocpias ye epwv " " " koX BtaXeycopeOa.

many as possible. enough they were.» 73 . " and do you ask what" to be content " I ask ever you like." you.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. tell me. that in some way it assimilates an idea more easily than old age and anyone who counsels another to adopt the wisdom and teaching which he himself has chosen. and chap." he said.. the wisdom It is not to-day therefore for the first of India. but I made it to the inhabitants of the Gulf." answered Nilus. be guilty of any hardihood ? For you must not reject the claim that youth makes. to taste though I did noU obtain what I hoped to For what is there to wonder at it a man who has missed what he was looking for. BOOK 01* VI making any voyage over the Red Sea adventuring CHAP. and persuade them to adopt the convictions which I have adopted myself. should 1." XVII Nilus had finished these arguments. for he prevents their sweetness from being enjoyed by as . yonder to this point of view. you ' i t " Let us sources the Nile with me the question ot my reward r discuss it. time that I shall make my choice*.1 ' . before I begin. with the choice you have made. discuss vlslttlieof wisdom. returns And if I should convert my friends to the search ? Ions: asro. anyhow escapes the imputation of trying to persuade And others of things he does not believe himself anyone who takes the blessings bestowed upon him by fortune into a corner and there enjoys them by himself. violates their character as blessings. and not to annoy the naked sages by giving them advice which they juvenile • When -4. Apollonius took him Apollonius ] -J ccfC 1 up and said: "It you are in love with my prepares to had J not better. obtain.

ecfar). )'/7Trorro.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. p. p.ep.rj Tvqyoiv yaplev yap p. ev rw \(oiHO$' fir) akcrei 8ia\e£eco<. dXXa koX Ke\ahovvro<i avrov a/covcrat. rrwv ohov ro TroirjaofieOa p. Siarpt\jroi rrepl rovs ypovov a%la ro)v rj (TO(j)La tgG ri]v £vve<rop. dpa.6vov Ihelv rd<." XVI II xvni *Q& € hia\eydevre^ cravres iicciOevhov icai rij rivwv 'JvSikwv rroa.i]v. rov NeiA.of apyas. av ev KepBei yevoi- el fj-e rrepLTTotre. eatr ovhaaav. vpuerepav aocpiav elBora ov yap av iravaatp." ravra fiev ht] ovra><.vrjp:ai re rwv epuavrov BiBaaKtiXrov zeal rrepieipa 8' eKetvcov i)K0vaa. " Ka\ op.o\oyeia6oy 6 fiiaOo*.ev(p acpbcnv.r]v''^Wr]ai re Bucov rrjv Kal ra vpuerepa Kal 74 'IvBots ypd<pwv' ." Kpvirreiv aocpiav. " <w? ypy e &' avrfj? 6 'A7roA- yap ttoWov.Trpoaetirovres ovv aWrfkovs kal ^vvi^i]aavre<.vr)p. a. hyXovaiv puev pue " e<py. iroaov ypbvov " " oirocrov" Tvjivow. elra eVl KaraSoveveica.ovev- ev he rff rjfiepa 7rpoo-ev£ap:evoi ra elcodora elrrovro rw Net Aft) rrapa rov Qecnreaiwva avrovs dyovri.. p. epopuevov 8' avrbv puera ravra rwvoe rov NetA-of. oiroaa wpbrjv irpoat'jKeiv eptoi. Kal vfiiv BiBaaKwv. ol d^iov ro i/ceivcov yOes \6yor T/)? hiha^apLevwv yap ao<pia<i \vho)v.

" be agreed upon as your reward." BOOK VI let this cnAP. roar of its waterfalls.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. if you send me away with a knowledge of your wisdom as well for I shall not cease to go about and repeat your teachings to the Greeks. but also to listen to the . They the sanim" accordingly greeted one another. "I consent/' he will not take. ." he. for it will be delightful not only to behold the sources of the Nile. will be richly rewarded by me. they followed Nilus. I not only remember my teachers. "and This then was the substance of their conversation. while to the Indians I shall write is. they lay down to sleep upon the grass but at daybreak. and when Nilus at its close asked him how long a time he would stay " So long as the amorig the naked sages he replied : in remaining quality of their wisdom justifies anyone and after that I shall take my in their company way to the cataracts. to B tfirst discusses accustomed prayers. citap. who ^jked sages al led them into the presence of Thespesion. but I go about instilling And you too into others what I heard from them. said. wisdom." XVIII After they had held this discussion and listened some recollections of India. them. and sitting down |gy p t together in the grove they began a conversation " How in which Apollonius led as follows important " not to conceal is said it : proved by for because the our conversation of yesterday Indians taught me as much of their wisdom as I thought it proper for me to know." 75 . in order to see the springs of the Nile. . having offered their .

e'9 ovpavov Kai d-nopa^dpevoi j to. ' " eVeTat yap ttov epwTijaet " 7repl A. tCov Texv tw irXaTTeiv . nap u/mv" elirev. e(pi]. Oewv" elirev. " Be QeaireaLcov." elire. pas Kaddira^ t^v pev irapd TOt9 a Wot 9 dyaXp." etyacrav. 76 .(iw iepa i) ^wwv dXoyutv tcl aSo^cov ripal Be paXXov Oewv cpaivovTai. tov ev tt) ^OXvpuria /cal to t?. vp. " 'Epcora.9 Au7]va<. t'009 Kat to /cal t?7<? Kz-'/ota? Te /cat to tj/9 10 'A/oyeta? . Svcr^epdvas " " €<pi)." re /cal aydXpLara KaXXiarov " tov OeorpiXeaTarov Bi]piovpye2v Oeovs" " Ala ttov Xeyeis. ra Xotrrd teal vp. dveXdovTes Oeojv ?7i>. teal " vpa<i ipi]aopai 7rpo)Tov." elire.aro- ov ravra.0709.FLA VI US PHILOSTRATUS XIX cap. tov 7rpoa/]KOVTO<i.cov Be. irdvv p.as Be ' KaTayeXdv tov deiov pcdXXov rj vopu^etv avTo. i) erepov tl eTepov. €(pi). yap . a cro0w? S' iSpvrai." "<W9 76." /cat 6 ArroWtiovtos.evTOi oXtywv. oiroaa 6)Be povov. ecBrj n padovres aroira yeXola Oewv 7rot9 ttXtjv 7rapaheh(i)KaTe Tot9 Sevpo dvOpco- oXLycov fcai oXiycov 8eoei&6)<. " " 01 QeiBiai Kai ol UpaijiTeXeis p. 7Tw? ISpvaOai (pijaeis . KaXd koX p. ecpLO-Trj avTOVs e?8i] ] v civtu eiroiovvro.eard aXXa Kai irodav aTrreaOai (pijpt.

BOOK VI XIX "Ask. namely. "in which it is best and most reverent to construct images of the gods." said the other." And Apollonius Apollonius " It is about the said gods that I would like to j***** **9 ask you a question first." " but without exception I mainin other lands statuary has scrupulously observed decency and fitness. and then reproduced these by their art. you rather make ridicule of the gods than really believe in them. I suppose. as your tradition. and argument follows on it. "for you know question comes chap. went up. to heaven and took a copy of the forms of the gods. like Phidias. or was there any other influence which presided over and guided their " " There was. "and like Praxiteles." said Apollonius. resenting these remarks. " and moulding ? 77 ." they said." "^ suppose you allude." " Your artists. for the mass of your shrines seem to have been erected in honour rather of irrational and ignoble animals than of gods." said the country forms of the gods that are absurd and grotesque in all but a few cases ? In a few cases. to the people of this " Not only to these. and to the image of Athena and to that of the Cnidian goddess and to that of the Argive goddess and to other images equally beautiful : and full of charm.LIFE OF APOLLOX1 US. how are they fashioned ? he replied."' replied Apollonius. tain. what induced you of Egypt first : to impart. that whereas other. do I woidd rather say that in very few are I say ? the gods' images fashioned in a wise and god-like manner. "to the statue of Zeus in Olvmpia. said " And your own images in " " In the way. then." Thespesion." Greece.

eva.lv 8e iroielcrOai avrd drroXeXavrai cocpCas." elirev./3o\i/ca Kal virovoovp. fiipLrjcriv iroXkaKCi (pavraaiav 8e ou8ev.iovpyo<.a" "irdiov . "ov yap dv ri irapd rijv p. 'Adijvdv 8e Brjpuovpyijcreiv [xeWovra crrparorreSa evvoelv /cal p. /ieyd\a vp.. e/c/cpovei eK7r\r)%i<i.evo'i e'9 rd lepd cpepois dvrl Te /cal 'A^i^a? /cal AttoWcovos. Bel Be ttov Ato9 fiev iv6vp. "to dvOpwnoi? e<py. 69 rt AiyvirrLcov. /cal &>9 el 8e lepa/ca rj y\av/ca Ato9 avrov dveOopev. 8r]p. e^erd^eiv rd Kal rb BpacrvvecQai rd rwv Oewv e\8t).ev '}Lp/xov Oijpia Kal ra opvea ^ijXcord 86^ei rwv el/covwv. rj Kvva epyaadp. aepvov 8e 8t) i) e/i<po/3ov 78 .ev rrjv dvacpopdv rov 6W09. p. ye\daa$ ovv 6 " 'A. p. b el8ev.t) ao<pbv ydp. " /cat fj-ecrrov ye aofyias Trpdyp.FLA VI US PHILOSTRATUS cap. ywpel yap dveKTrXrjKTO'i 717309 b avTy vireOero.erepa' p.' ravra elpydaaro. oi \vkov i) 8e deol TrapairoXv rfjs avrcov 86^]<i earij^ovo-iv" " eoi/cas" " eiTrev.i)cri<. ei t*}? Alyvirrlcov vpLtov re Kal AWioTroyv crep.r) (pavraaca 8e Kal b 77720? ei8ev. aocpcorepa fjufitjcreios fiip.oovlo<. i. /cat darpois. vTroOrjaerat /cal yap avrb p. cocnrep 6 <£>ei8ia<.7toX\. t« p.rjriv /cal re%va<. ravra ydp (riecnrecrioivos ukovco rod crocpov.vbrepov Kai OeoetBecrrepov kvcov 86^ei Kal t/3f9 Kal rpdyos.i]aiv elirois" " cpavra- ala" " ecpi].r]0evra ei8os bpdv avrov %vv ovpavw rore /cal wpai<.tp. Kal ydp dv Kal aepivoTepa ovrw (paivocro. dj3aaavLaru>s ec7rep r)p.ev yap Brjfiiovpyijcrei. coppLrjcrev.vp.

But if you make a hawk or an owl or a wolf or a dog." chap. and how she leapt out of Zeus himself. so as to enhance it and august character." Imagination. any wisdom. and if you would fashion an image of Athene you must image in your mind armies and cunning. I supand seasons and pose. and imitation is often baffled by for it marches terror. your animals and your birds may be esteemed and of much price as likenesses.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS." said Apollonius. envisage him along with heaven stars. if your dog and your ibis and your goat seem particularly august and god-like. gods will be very much lowered in their dignity. for this is what I learn from Thespesion the sage. and by the circumstance that they fashion their forms as symbols of a profound inner meaning. When you entertain a notion of Zeus you must. but the . "that you criticise our for if the Egyptians have religion very superficially . has seen. BOOK VI an influence pregnant with wisdom and genius. 79 . but imagination by nothing undismayed to the goal which it has itself laid down. they show by their deep respect and reverence in the representation of the gods. vou have indeed greatly profited by the wisdom of their solemnity : Egypt and Ethiopia." "I think. as Phidias in his day endeavoured to do. a wiser and subtler artist by far than imitation for imitation can only create as its handiwork what it . "wrought these works. " for I do not XIX " think you can adduce any except imitation. « What was that ?" said the other." said the other. and put it in your temples instead of Hermes or Athene or Apollo." Apollonius thereon merely laughed and said " My good friends. . but imagination equally what it has not seen for it will conceive of its ideal with reference to the reality. and handicrafts.

ei'o<. cro(p6<. rj %pr) Kal oirrjv'iKa Kal Be ecp' ocrov teal 6 re \eyovras Bpwvras. 'AOrjvalos dv6-i]TO<>. d\\' erepov rpbrrov aocpuiTepov re Kal aTToppr/Torepov rfj OeoXoyla e^prjaOe' r/v yap ttov pews fiev avrols e^oiKoBop^yjaai koX ical /3&)/aoi>? opifytv zeal a ^prj Oveiv a /a?. el /at) '(Bpvrb ri avroiv dyaXpa. rt ev TOUTOi? . 2. o? rbv Kvva Kal rbv irXdravov Oeovs re ijyetro Kal co/aw" "Xj)va Kal rrjv " dWa " ovk $elo<i Kal dre~)(yws ai'o^ro?.eOicrrap.i] vp.' elirev. rjp.el<i Kal Be dvarvrrovrai Tot"? Kpelrrov." oxjirep " e<p7]. ayaX/ia fiij icrcpepetv. yepcov. dWa rd etBrj rwv Oeoiv KaraXe'nreiv to. ravra " o-iu>v.FLAVIUS PHILOSTR ATI'S cap. rovrovl rov \6yov. cbpLW yap ravra ov% &>? Oeovs..ei'i. ttoWu> aepjvbrepov av errparrov ol deol /car Xlyvirrov. eyeverb Ti?. ijpero rbv WttoWmviov irepl So . d\V iva wrj deovs opivvoi? XX CAP Me-ra ravra 6 Secnrecrlajv uxnrep p. el Be aepLVorepa ravra virovoovpeva. tov? yap eiTLopKOvs Kal toi>? lepouvrd /3copo\6)^a eOvr) fcarcKppovelv rwv roi- \oi»? Aral ovrcov lepoiv el/cos p. dvaypd<pei Bijpiovpytas Oeoix? irpo<i yap ri ?/ yvcop. Tot? lepd ecr<poLTO)criv. d(f)j')pi]a0e Kal to bpdadai 6 (~)e<x7re- Ka\6)<$ Kal to vTTovoeladai.o)KpdTr)<.aX\ov i) BeBievac avrd.

if no images of them had ever been set up at all. "but a divine and unfeignedly wise man. a foolish old man like ourselves. but leaving it to those who frequented the temples to imagine the images of the gods for the mind can more or less delineate and figure them to itself better than can any artist. put some questions to Apollonius. X1X these images ? Is it not likely that perjurers and and all the rabble of low jesters will temple-thieves despise such holy objects rather than dread them and if they are to be held august for the hidden . but to save himself from swearing by the gods." said Apollonius. and when and on what scale. about the xx 81 vol.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. r. without introducing any image at all. . For I imagine you might have built temples for them. meanings which they convey." Thespesion replied and said . who thought that the dog and the goose and the plane tree were gods and used to swear by them." XX Thereupon Thespesion as if anxious to drop this chap. * ii. subject. and have fixed the altars and laid down rules about what to sacrifice and what not. but you have denied to the gods the privilege of beauty both of the outer eye and of inner sug" There gestion. BOOK VI But what is there that is august or awe-inspiring in CHAP. : was a certain Athenian. and with what liturgies and rites. for he did not swear by these objects on the understanding that they were gods. and if you had planned your theology along other lines wiser and more mysterious. surely the gods in Egypt would have met with much greater reverence. called Socrates." " He was not foolish.

hiopdovaOat %vvef3ov\evov fxev eyco. he 'EAAa? 7rw9.eva)v ravra' cpacriv. rov<. " elr ovk Qeao~op. pi " tocnrep e\ rd "Ta/clvOta ical ra$ Tvp-voTraihids." " ov aocpovs.elv Xcovie.ao~riywv? elirev. op&vres fiaarcyovp. " hvuarov " a ye.(in>." UTrev. avrol fiaKicrra ol eXevOepioi re " KaX evSotci/Aoi. erreihi) e(f>y]." " &><? ^vve-^dipei rrore 6 Av/covpyos. 82 ." toD a"p.J " err eKeLvovs f/. rrpo9vp. 7] yovvrat h^p-oala dp%deVTe<i V7T dv0p(O7TO)V. errparrov.evoi £vv i')hovfj re opp. 1) " " ire avroiv yiyvGocncei .do~Ti£. A7ro\- RWi)i>oov Oeovs eip^/cas. Sai/noviot Traiovrac " (o ©ecnrecrttoj/. 1 " tou<? rcov I conjecture /xovov for fiovot. ol y^ptiarol "EWijves >} toi>? avrwv rrore dpj. to £e rwv p. aurq ical ." %vviacnv" elirev.w<s 6° etcelvot.evou<i e\ TO KOIVOV. rrj<i Aa/cww/cfj? fidcrriyos /cat el Brj/xoaia ol Aa/ce" to? e£ dvOpcoircov ye. Oepiav do~/covo~iv.avra<." pcavia. olpuai.ari dvGpdrnaiv rov /3wp.j3ov\evovro^. Se oi/eeTa? dSucovi'Ta? tl" " ov/cer diTOKTeivovcnv" elrrev.y irdar)" " alayyvovrai" e<prj. (petal yap ere real AaKehaipbovMov ernpeX^Orjvai. "ipydl^ovrai .FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. av Be 7TW9 ov hiwpOcoao) ravra . ot p. p^aarlywv Oeois S' e£r)yovp.acrri. e<pt]. ekevdepidoraroi x p-ev yap rcov KW/p'cov elcri." elrre./3ov\ot toZ? rrjv eXev" " ov a\\a p." e</>>/. h' vtti'jkooi dvrivop.ov patvetv.ovov eOosrf) 'Aprepu-hi T?) duo %kv6S)V hpdrai. aX\' 7. el pLaariycov eyiyvovro ^vp. rov ev ^vp. ^p}]crp.

" ." he said." he " " " when They do not kill asked. and asked if the Lacedaemon" ians were smitten with rods in public. " as hard." said Apollonius. Apollonius." poor wisdom. and was prescribed by oracles. scourging in Sparta." ashamed." he replied. " which you attribute to the gods of the Hellenes." answered the other. but the same whip is used too." chap. and they readily adopted it but at the for they are the freest of the Hellenes same time they will only listen to one who gives them good advice. " And what judgment does Hellas pass upon " " " the matter ? They flock. if they countenance scourging as a part of the discipline of freedom.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. as if spectacle to the festival of Hyacinthus. for the Scythians too held 83 ." they do to menials. and to oppose the regulations of the gods is in my opinion " 'Tis a utter madness. . BOOK VI and distinguished birth among them that are so " Then what do treated." he answered. to see the with pleasure and utmost enthusiasm. Now the custom of scourging is a ceremony in honour of the Scythian Artemis." "It's not the scourging. as of other " So far as anything could be reformed. either to behold those publicly whipped who erewhile governed them or to reflect that they were governed by men who are whipped before the not reform eyes of all ? And how is it that you did For they say that you interested yourthis abuse ? self in the affairs of the Lacedaemonians. O Thespesion. they do wrong ? them nowadays. or to that of the naked " Then these excellent Hellenes are not boys. so they say. " but the sprinkling of the altar with human blood that is important. gave them my advice. I people. "as Lycurgus to them formerly allowed. Yes. as men SCO ur^ing can smite them and it is especially men of noble £f ^Partan .

olfiai. dpeTas KTaaOai. yovv trepl ttjv OdXaTTav Kal irpaTTeiv eBo^av. dWd t«9 Kal to) irapovTcov ofiolovs opdadat eBet. fiedlo~TavTO el crvvBiaiToofievoi Tot? £eVoi<? twv o'lkoi.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. KaOdirep " " OTi. tov AvKOvpyov. ol Be Ka'iTOi %evri\acrlais XP™~ fid- Bie(f)ddp"7]crav ra? eTriTrjBevaeis." e'4>7]. oca tl ovv. SirapTiaTas rjyovp. «(/>' t}? icm tov p. oloi fir) BoKeiv d^iovcriv. eBiKaiovv ." eiirev. rfj ' tou<? fei'OL"? ov KaraOvovai TTOTe ol ~2. Kal otl to p.evot. /ecu TTCipa ol H/cv6ai<. tov KapTeplas dywva /ecu ijKOVcriv." eiirev. Kal oU \iaTa twv 'YLWr'ivwv din])(dovTO.i]re a7ro9v)j(TK€tv ai7apye<jdai ecprj. S4 .7]v dv. %p7] yap %vvievai tov dvBpos. ovBevl'EWrfvwv " KCLl fl?]V Kelv tfOl]" 7T/30? TpoiTOV f3dp/3apa e^arT Kal <^i\av9pu>iroTepoL eBoKovv dv eva irov kcu Bvo Ouovres " i) £evi]\aala y^pcop.tovTO. tovtois dfioia to. avTw " vovv ziyev.i] evBiaT pLfieiv idv toi>? fe^ou? ovk d/li^la<. firj "^-^ T0 ^ ttj vyiatveiv Ta? eTriTTjBevaeis —TrupTij evopuXovvTOiv twv ef.6voi e? irdvTas" " M?) k a6air~ (o/j.(o0ev" eyoo Be " dvBpas. rrj 0ea> acpojv aipLCLTOS.icv6ai 'Apre/xiSt. & ^eaTreaiwv.e6'a . ov yap tw uttovtcov. tovtcov r)i. p. crofyiadiievoi t/}<? Be iirl AaKehaifioviOL rb dirapaLTijTov T>)? 6vcria<.

"do they not sacrifice strangers right out to Artemis. but by a desire to keep the institutions of ." he answered.'* " And yet. although they enforced this policy of excluding strangers." said the other.chap. but by doing so in spite of their presence. " I should allow the men of Sparta to be what they claim to be." Well. "it is not congenial to any of the Greeks to adopt in their full rigour the manners and customs of barbarians. BOOK VI the altar to be worthy thereof but the Lacedae. and were found doing exactly the same as did those of the Greeks whom they most detested. undergone without any loss of life." said the other. as the Scythians formerly considered it right to do?" "Because." said the other. that .' said the other. and yet securing to the goddess as first fruits an offering of their own blood." " Let us not assail. . their 85 . if they had ever lived with strangers. But they.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. Anyhow. " O Thesthe law-giver Lycurgus but Ave must underpesion. monians modified the ceremony of sacrifice because xx of its implacable cruelty. Sparta in their original purity by preventing out'• siders from mingling in her life. stand liim. " it seems to me that it would be more humane to sacrifice one or two of them than to enforce as they do a policy of exclusion against all foreigners. and yet had faithfully adhered to their home principles for it was not by keeping true to themselves in the absence of strangers. and then we shall see that his prohibition to strangers to settle in Sparta and live there was not inspired on his part by mere boorish exclusiveness. corrupted their institutions. they needed to show their superiority." "Why then. and turned it into a contest of endurance.

ia rovs 'AOrivalovs MfcwvTes. rroWoi Kal drorroi \6yoi t/}? roidcrBe (piXoaocpias dvacpv- 86 .. Aa/ce' 6aipiOVLov<i eipr/rai p-oi. £eva vopa. rrpos Be ae. Biort avrois ^aipovai. pirj be kXXaoa e? dvrliraXa avrols avriKaBlaraadai. eirl €<f>tj/3ov eKovra p. ravr e? to Kal avrol ' Bpdv Karearrjaav. el rov Kopmov k've/ca eiraivovai. Kal avro rr)v Tavpcov re rjv S/cv6tov eadyeaOac Baipuova. ra Be fiev iro\ep. ri eBei p. rrdXepua tyeiBea&cu rwv vecov vop-os 6 et'/co? Be e? rd aA. &v ifceivots e/c eirtrt]Beveiv eBo^ev kcli 7]TT(t)pL€voi. .dariyo<. A7roW(ovie' el yap ra rraXaid vop. al fxera ravra eVtTa^et? tmv (f)opa>v drriKcorepov avrols e/3ov\ev0r>.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. Odvarov dre^yo)^. ^ovrwv. pov<i davdrov pdopvrjv ifcelvo rjv. Kaprepiav dvBparroBcoBr) rrXdrreadai Xaictoolp.?) ravra ov rrpo<. errl to?? efy]KOvrovrai$ /ceipbevos ol/ceiorepos r)v AatcehaipLovioi's e7nrrj8eveiv ")} S/cv6ai<. vtKwrepov rrpos %Trapridrr)v 8ai. rr)v ^irdprr]V evyfrv^orearrrjye el r)v. rl he el Be ^pt]apLcov ravra. Kal vrrep wv 7ro\epLr/rea 7rpo9 *A6r)vaiov<.V 6 ye rrapd ^Kv6ai<.ev rod plwpiov rov dvecr- rovrl yap dv rrjv eoeifcpve.ai. wovro avTOis elvai.cp:a Kal rrd\id>repa i) yiyvd)oiceiv avrd Trifcpws e^erd^oipiev is kXeyxov /caOLardpbevoi rov Oeiov. dWd yu.

whom they had no sooner beaten in the field than they humbly adopted. such a line of ? What need Had . O Apollonius. and the reason why they are pleasing to heaven subjected to cold criticism. subsequent naval programme and policy of imposing tribute was modelled entirely upon that of Athens. supposing that they embrace death in its grim reality and not as a mere parade. whose hoary age defies our understanding of their origins. if an oracle prescribed this. that they had to save their young men for the battlefield well. For if ancient as against yourself. institutions. 87 . For this would have been a real proof of the superior courage of the Spartans. are to be examined in an unsympathetic spirit. These remarks of mine are directed not so much against the Lacedaemonians. they had I think done better to sacrifice a youth of Sparta with his own consent upon the altar. was introduced from Taurus and Scythia was the xx But action of men who embraced alien customs.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. and sentences all men of sixty years of age to death. and would have disinclined Hellas from ranging herBut you will say self in the opposite camp to them. what want was there of a scourge ? fit for slaves to feign an endurance only they wanted to prove the disdain that Lacedaemonians felt for death. as if they were the beaten party. and they themselves ended by committing acts which they had themselves regarded as a just casus belli against the Athenians. their And the very fact that the goddess pet institution. BOOK VI ciiap. would have been more suitably introduced and followed among the Lacedaemonians than among the Scythians. speculation will produce a crop of odd conclusions . in that case the law which prevails among the Scythians.

iroXXa av aot." XXI cap. ^vyyewpuev avTov Kal direXdcopev dirpaKToi tov Xoyov. Kal tovvt€s Trdina. " el cnrovcdo-ai" eiirev. aovrat. irecrudv.ai. ep. Biort to. p. yap 88 .FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATLS cap. Kal o>v Safio- to Belva. Kal Aiovvalwv Kal (paXXov Kal tov ev ovk av <^6dvotp. yap tl epi)crop. " tov Xoyov.T] yap ao<po2<. dirocrTrovSd^eis avTOV.ev eTepov Xoyov ttoXXov d£iov.r]Be eVel Be ovtw<.ev o~vKO<f>avicopev ovv eft o tl ftovXei eTepov. co? 1'oyp. aAA' 7va ra<? 'IvBcov 86%a<? evelpovTe<. Kal irapa irdvTas e7nTi]8evet tovs <*>? "EUjjm?. TipwvTes ovTa' inrep Kal tov UvOayopov Xoyov t'lpbeBairbv KaXbv yap. K.r) aocpols." 6 ©eo-ireaioiv €<pi]. to Selva Be avTols Spcnai. irpwTov elire t<z irepl 8iKai0G~vv7]<> 'IvBois Bo^avTa.r/ irepl ttcivtwv.avTov ireiOw Trepl BiKaioavvi]*.vW'/]vr] ecSovi. i]yelo~dai oatov e'<£' to inrep toiovtcov Xeyetv. Te Kal p. 7rpoa7]KO)v p. " 6i Oecr- ijBovXov rj tov Xoyov. atOC ye twv toiovtcov o-iunrav. 0paK€<? Te\ovo~iv. elKO<. Kal yevvala eBo^ev re AaKehaipuov Xeyetv vrrep wv vyiux. eirel dXXa fii) to. el Kal p. " ' XXI A7TT&>/z6^a. Kal yap dv Kal tt)$ 'Kkevcrlvi TeXeTrjs eiripur) Xaj3oipeda." inroXajBcov S' o AttoWcovios.

any other topic you like. for you probably examined . "tackle the subject chap. let us proceed to another subject. re c " opinions of Indians. and so confuse our discussion. for it is about justice that I shall now put a question. whether they are But lest we should drag in the problem of wise or not wise. at any rate to preserve silence about such matters as these.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. one very suitable to men. therefore. of great importance. "Let is . . XXI for it us. you had wished to discuss the topic seriously. Let us choose. do you first impart to us the views held by the Indians concerning justice. proving that they are sound and superior to those of other Hellenes but since you are so averse to continue the discussion. and before we know where we are we shall be picking holes in everything. but respect the sentiment of Pythagoras. . why it is this and not that and the same with the rites of the Samothracians. which is also our own for it is better. O Thespesion." . for BOOK VI we could attack the mystery rite of* Eleusis in chap. and even regard it as impious to talk about such things. you would have found that the Lacedaemonians have many excellent arguments to advance in favour of their institutions. for in their ritual they avoid one thing and insist on another and the same with the Dionysiac ceremonies and the phallic symbol. " If. ^ 89 . . and the figure erected in Cyllene. the same way and ask. as I am convinced. ^ 8 e in general and go off without having formed any conclusions. if we can't hold our tongues about everything." said Thespesion." Apollonius replied and said.

ri are(pava>aop. dveXXureo-repov. /cal 8i/caiorarov r)yolfir)v efiavrbv. elrroifiev. e7rei8r) Xrjcrral fiev IfiiaQovvrb ri)V fie irpoBovi'ai vavv /caOopfiicrdfievov iiriOoivro ol Xo^rjaeiv avr^v kfieX- Xov." ®ea7T€crla)V. C09 fir) rjfiiv. ecpr). eyco 8e eTrayyeCXaifii)v fiev ravra. avrol aocpcorepov ^vvrlOeade. ovre d^iov irraivov rb fir) avoijrtos evQvfielaBai. yap /ecu touto. birbre /3aaiXev<i roo-i)a8e re /cal rj . /ecu o>? ifiol apiara." elire.ev " rov ' irpdrrovra . i/cel airovhacrOevto? 717309 avrovs vecos. ovre ri yap ovre (ppovrjais rb dv8peia rb fit) Xeiireiv rr)v rd^iv. 8ir}eiv rwv eyd>. ecnrov8daare ) 9c koX Trpoo-cpopdrrepov av virep 8i/caioavvi)<." " 5' 6 rrapanrXevcraLfii 8' avrovs " fjvvedevro 8\" r) elvai " 'Yv8o\ ravra " . Koi virepapaifii rov ^copiov.FLAVIUS PHI LOST RAT US cap. el S' kclv fiev rt. fir) diTe8o^e TOi9 'I^Soi?. (3ef3acravio~6aL crot e/cel ravra. ovre aweppoavvr) rb fir) e? ra ro)v fiotyow eKTriirreiv. icaicbv rifiwpla^ ovv. " elvai 8i/catocrvvr)v rb fir) aSt/cea'." elirev. b rifir)<> re (paiveadar " Xaov dxpearrj/cev." £74609. & " rrav ydp. ' 8i/caiov." " <y " SeaTrealcov. 81 a i)yev. 8iKaiocrvvr)<. icv/3epvrjri)<i i) yevoifirjv fieydXr)<i v brrbb ^v^?) acofiaros erepov eirefieXero. " " 8i/caioavvr)v yap kepi]. ovmo apery. rj 86^a 6p6G>s eXV> %vv0))a6fie6a.' " tyeo-ireaiayv" r) /cal 7ra>9 elire. d/eove 8r) rfiicrra eipr)fca<>' rcov. fir) /careyeXacrav fiev ovv.

" "did the Indians agree that this was Thespesion. ." Said " Your plan is excellent and most satisApollonius so do you listen to the conversation factory to me which I held there. and their . For because a thing. "for they said that justice was something more than not being unjust. " than when robbers offered . for good sense is something more than not entertaining nonsense. is equi-distant between praise and punishment." said the other. no matter what. justice?" "No. it is not on that account to be reckoned off-hand to be virtue. in the period when my soul was in command of another body. I agreed and made the promise. views on the spot to be correct we will adopt it but if we have XXI proved something wiser to put in its place. Thespesion. BOOK VI and if their opinion is chap. "are " we to crown the just man and for what actions ? " Could have discussed justice more completely you and more opportunely. in order to seize the cargo. just to save them from attacking us. how I thought myself extremely just because. for that too is plain justice. when me a reward." said Apollonius. but intending to slip by them and " And. "How O 9* ." said get beyond the place agreed upon." he replied.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. and no one reserves his praise for a man who has simply shown himself to be not bad." " It was very sensible." " of the Indians to said the other. if I would betray my ship by running it into roads where they were going to lie in wait for it." then. reject such a view . For I related to them how I had once been the captain of a large ship. they laughed at the idea. : . you must adopt our view. just as courage is something more than not running away from the ranks and so temperance is something more than the avoidance of adultery.

errel firj rd iepd vrr rbv helva rroielaOai TroXirrjv. l(jL>\xev rbv dre^yoi^ i) hiicaiov. ot Si/caiovs <j)are. lyyevrea re Bacaioavvi] fxdWov era. ^X eiv (p^oTi/jLovfievovs . agiow. orrore d&L/ccov drrrovrai. ovhe yap errl SiKaioavvrf rivd crre(pav(to9evra ol8a. tl S' avTOv<. eTreiBi) rb Seiva rrpdrrwv hiKaios (paiverai. &>? rbv Selva xpr/ are(fiavovv.rj r) rjraipr/Korcov early.evov ri eSei rrapeyeiv (f)i~koo-o(fc[a iraar]. coarrep rj r}plv. ev9vj." "el 6 ^pacorij^.>]8ov<. fievos r)v. avrov crvXarai. yap ou8' [xr] epiavrov re rjyov/nrjv. ' Kai ei/corax. dvdpcorrov o~v(Bapiv rjyov/xevov rrdvra croc^o?? dW Kal b errel i) avSpdaiv.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. errel fir] rcov yi'di)p. ovoe yap dy iypd(j)i] rrore Adrjvaiois r) AaKehaip. hiKaiordrov vpuv vrrep ." eirrev. ovSe yvcofirjv err dvSpl hiKa'uo ypacpeiaav. "6 d(j)iKOyji>pa^ 6p66)<. dp%cov errecrrrj cpi\orod j3aai\evetv.irj6evri rd ev Tpoia r) Kal rd Xa>Kpdrov<i rd \\0i]vt]criv ovF evrv^elv SiKaioavvJ] So^ei rrapd rois dvOpdiirois. o\Kov err . dBiKcorara 92 .ov'ioL<. Ti? ovv 6 SiKaios Kal 6 ri rrpdrroov . eirrev. rd /xev yap Tla\ap. top Seiva arecpavovv. ^acnXevat (TTpaTijyots. ovrrw vavs.. dv ifie/jL(f)Ov to fir/ vrrep Si/cato- avvrjs err avrov airovZdaai. erepovs re. Tifiaauai. oi/t&)9 evSai/jiovos ao(f)ov(Tiv KTi]fjLCtTO<. %#e? vrrep errel he etSe? rbv dvdptorrov iv ot? avrov Sirjeiv /xedvovra Kal ay66p.

"who turned up on that occasion. because such and such actions of his show him to be just. BOOK VI the sovereign of so large and so flourishing a country chap. What need therefore was there to inflict on him the trouble? Why should we try to win credit for ourselves in the presence of a sybarite who thinks of nothing but his But inasmuch as it is incumbent pleasures ? upon wise men like ourselves to explore and trace out justice. "for whoever heard of a decree being drafted by Athenians or Lacedaemonians in favour of crowning so and so. you deny that this in itself constitutes them just or worthy of honour." said the other. let us proceed to examine the absolutely just man. or of granting the freedom of the city to so and so. For anyone who considers the fate of Palamedes in Troy or of Socrates in Athens. more so than on kings and generals.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS." "And rightly so. Mill discover that even justice is not sure of success 93 own . because they do not practise i7iiustice. because he is not a libertine. a thing intimately connected with justice?" "If it had been Phraotes/' said Apollonius. But you know from the account which I gave of him yesterday that the man is a drunkard and an enemy of all philosophy. you might rightly blame me for not gravely discussing the subject of justice in his presence. nor of a decree being proposed over a just man to the effect that so and so shall be crowned. intervened in your philosophic discussion of the art of kingship. because the temples have not been robbed by him ? Who then is the For neither just man and what are his actions? did I ever hear of anyone being crowned merely for his justice. For though I thought myself just in the affair of the ship. and thought others just too.

Apiarelhyv Se rbv Avcri- p. ical ical dvyp roioaSe &>? errl roiclBe i) apery cpevytov oi^ero. yap ov% 01 ovros." t'cp7].dyov koX avTJ] rrore i] Si/caioavvrj drrcoWv. ear epo<. rr ev aXXa ireveo° crTaTO? puev 'AOyvalwv. SiKaiorarot errl 86^7} 6We?. Apio~rel8i]<i ov (fxxre vpets diro ^Wyvoiv vrrep ical ijtcovres rfXev- cravra c? rd$ vi)o-ov<.i]8e /3lov avrbv. £vp. epco<.p. yiyvcoaica). ical 6 p. 6 eireiSi] av rotovrovl relSi]<. reraypevi] yap vtto Ato? re Nloipwv e'9 rb p.ev ypdcpoi arecpavovv p. pev yeXoia hucaiocrvvrj ical &6£ei.ot. eireiStj pur) wXovroiv dcpiKrac kavrw £vvei\o'%OL)<. p." "el ovv.ev 6 p. rfkyv a)OC yjn'jcfiov ovroi p.ev dSiKvjfidrcov drrcoXovro. elrre he drToyjpt) rd rov 'Apta-relSov dSi/cos. ^ rrapd to evOv ive^6ela7]<i. 'Eyxot &7]\(b(Tat. £i)v tw avra> 01 erraveX- ovros.aya>yol yevoiaOyv irratvovvres rov ^Apiareihtp cipri eK rrjs i. p.e- rpovs re avrovs rd^at uetv rptpcovi. hvo 'AOiji'Tjcri Si)p. y ' £<. Be eavrov. ov icai irevLas " Trore i'jvdrjaev. etrre. to Tt? p. yap Brj oiBe erradov. n ypdcpoi -frijcpio-pa' 'Apia- ov% vrrep rb Bvvarbv rcov ^vppudytnv Ta£a? 94 . rcov (popcov.v pipa)(i8o^ y]KOvra.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.r]8eva.}) ti? 8e 6 St/caw e/celvos.i) dSiKelcrOat rov<? dvOpwrrovs ovBapiov eavrrjv 69 to /xt] avrrj dhiKelaOai rdrrei.

." said the other. flourish.acts of Aristides injustice imputed to them. BOOK VI among men. because be has come back again Apollonius." answered without enriching himself or amassing any fortune. tell me. but the poorest of the Athenians. for he in spite of his banished merely because of his integrity was r for assuredly these men suffered most chap. For. returned again to his country still wearing the same cloak in which he left it?" "It is he.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. one of them proposes that he shall be crowned. x themselves most just. justice And I am sure that reputation for this very virtue. "let us suppose that there were at Athens two public orators passing an encomium upon Aristides. is not this the same Aristides of Avhom your Hellenic compatriots when they come here tell us that he undertook a voyage to the islands to fix the tribute of the allies. And the history of Aristides is sufficient to me to " who made the love of poverty once to " Now. we will suppose. it was very justice that was the undoing of him. unjustly being . and after settling it on a fair basis. Still they T ^e f t at least were put to death on the score of . will appear in a very ridiculous light for having been appointed by Zeus and by the Fates to prevent men being unjust to one another." show the difference between one who is not unjust and one who is really just. poorer than he was before and the other orator. just after he had returned from the allies. : 95 . she has never been able to defend herself against . ' drafts his motion somewhat as follows Whereas Aristides has fixed the tribute of the allies according . and the verdict was a distortion of the truth whereas in the case of Aristides the son of Lysimachus. injustice.

' &)? eKCLaroi 7>}? eyovo~i. aro^a^opevijv e? &v Btevoi)0rj ftXeylras vttt)- yap rrov to Wdrjvatwv re t/)? '' kcu twv kocov %vp(f)epov (popcov. tt}? re opovoias avTcov real eVe/z. t) pudXiara cpofiepol 65 r?]v rjcrav.ev avTos irpaTToav.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. vopodeTijaei Be.t]o~e Kal dTroarpocj)}]^ BiKatos ovv. aAA. el e<^ ('<TfO<? &V KCU O. erreypa^jrav ?. Siea7rdcrdrj f) avrols vavTiKrj Svvapis. e? veoorepa 6i wpp. dp' ovk SeSo^do crTecfiavouv av aoi 8oK€t t?) pev irporepa yvfopnj kciv avrenreiv pi) tov hoicelv a>9 ovk d^ia tcov eavrw OVK dSlKCl TLpLWTO. toenrep . o 'ATroWcovie. ToiavTii<. aXX' dirav ro vtt^koov i]\jraTO. p.#>7 tj)? 77/309 W0i]va[ov<.?. (3efti(jdpeva>v.vvep.ev ho^avTas. iraprfkOe 8e j. ov&ev. tov$ (popovs. Kal (pvaovTai ttj<.ij ahiKOs. 8aip.ev yap TOiooSe ttoWw SiKaioTepov ol KaTa 96 tcov Topioov 6pvvvTe<i. iiraLvio-ai. Kal rj vopboOeTiKip ?.eive Aa. Tat? Vijcrois. d^dopevovs avTov cttI StKaioavvrj.ve8e ti}<. (pepeiv ravra. iirepLeXyjOT] ^vpperpias twv Kal tovto p. Kara tov evOvv Xoyov ov% p.e\. BiKaiocrvvT]<i pdXiaTa SiKaaet Be t) hiKacrTiKi) tc Kal aXXac pev dpeTai.era tov Apia-TelhrjV eBei^Oi] tol-9 paWov €K€Lva> €7rei&r) yap TrapafidvTes W0i]valoi ftapvrepovs p.eco<. Kadi<TTa5 he Kal eTepov? e? to pi] dhcKelv. T7]V 8' 0{? auTo?.ovla>v ddXarrav. d\\' 6 BiKaia p.VTOS . 8vvdp.

he might perhaps have supinjustice it is grievance to pay upon this scale. and also influences others not to be unjust . and to see that they shall feel it no hereby resolved not suppose that Aristides would himself have opposed the first of these resolutions. For such a man as he will make a much fairer judge than people who take their oaths upon the dissected parts of victims. II. O tribute fair on a wisdom in this matter . resources of their respective countries and where. just. and his who abstains from injustice who himself does what is Apollonius. that he took care to fix the and moderate basis. and from such justice as his there will spring up a crop of other virtues. h . It follows then. VI to their ability to pay. seeing that it only honoured him for not doing whereas. as an indignity to his entire life. BOOK . but the man man 97 VOL. especially those of the law-court and of the legislative chamber. and not in excess of the chap. ported the other resolution as a fair attempt to express his intentions and policy ? For I imagine it was with an eye to the interest of Athenians and subject states alike.' Do you . For when the Athenians exceeded his valuations and imposed heavier tributes upon the islands. though it more than anything else had made them formidable on the other hand the prowess of the Lacedaemonians passed on to the sea itself. for the whole of the subject states rushed into revolution and made good their escape. to crown him for justice.XXI as he has endeavoured to keep them loyal to the Athenians. and in fact his was conclusively proved after his death. that rightly judged. and nothing was left of Athenian supremacy.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. it is not the that is just. their naval supremacy at once went to pieces.

"EXXtjcti voficov ifioi." etTrev " re eve/ca /cal 6 WttoXXcovlos. yap vyiSiS Xeyop. 6o ^SeiXe.(f)r)- crai Tip Xoycp.Xav/cpaTLTTjv. ical tov 'AttoWwviov 6 ai/TOvs £vp. i) hevpo oobs vfiwv ev Tifiaup ho^ais. evj(ov Tats 7rrjyals. d>s a apaTrXijo la Tais ire pi re tcov Trap* " irXeiw hi aXe-yO ernes. ov eyoo Tpbirov. eiTeihi) r/pa ai>TOv 6 NeZAo?. /3ovXofie$a hi) eavToiv hiaXej(6 rival Tl. eir]. obs fir) heiaOai e^)' tov paiveaOai. /cdv (pepoi to irapeXOelv avTas /cal /xt) dpv" Wi yaipwv" €<f)i]. oveihos vvv he X[ep. rav tov Net'Xou irrjy&v eyevero. ou/c d(f)avi)s aol he. aao-Qai Tivas avTtov Xoyovs" " /cal 6 tl aoi (pi\ov. ol ZoXcoves re ical ol XXI AvKOvpyoi. tois veiv. £vviei yap avTcov hua^epois ' hia/ceip. as p.evcov./3aL- cj)L\oao<p7jo-avTt<. i)yep. 98 .evoLs ^vp. Tip-aaicova. /cal yap hr] /cd/cet- vols tov ypdyjrcu voyiovs hi/caioavm] r/p£ei>." 6 p-ev r/v tw vovs tcov Xoyoov AttoXXcovlco.cj)LT7}V. /cal irepl he ical dddvaTOS UXcitgovos (f)vaecos irepl tyv^s. delai yap.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.ai iroir\arj tov irdXai. tcov t€ yap irifycav idds ovtos /cal ovtco tl /cadapos.^XP L f 1 ^ AlyvTTTOv irpoeXOovTi £vyy vcopLT] dyvofjaai. irpo^(op/icravTi Be eV AWioTTiav.6va Be olp. XXII xxTi Toaavra virep Adpus hiaXe^Orivai (pt)aiv dvhpbs hi/calov.

But as for you. : . for they are divine. like to 99 h 2 . was the discussion held chap. but to give them an lustrations. . Lycurgus for assuredly these great legislators were inspired by justice to undertake their work.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS." ." 1 . "and pray to the springs for whatever you desire. O Nilus. but is now of Memphis for he is well acquainted with the springs of the Nile and he is not so impure as to stand in need of further said the other." "Farewell then. proving its and nuus inllis train immortality. legislation BOOK VI will be similar to that of Solon and of chap. who formerly lived at Naucratis." The meaning of this sally was clear enough to ApolJpnius. XXII Such. he says. and about nature. according to Damis. but if he advances as far as Ethiopia. we would have a talk to you by ourselves. and to draw as it were from their well-springs some arguments of his own. But I imagine you will take as your guide Timasion. xxn by them with regard to the just man. as I have done. he will be rightly reproached if he neglects to visit them. and Apollonius. Apollonius said myself I have come all this way to see yourselves and visit the springs of the Nile for a person who only comes as far as Egypt may be excused if he ignores the latter. assented to their argument. for he well understood their annoyance at Nilus' preference for himself. They also with had a philosophic talk about the soul. along much the same lines which Plato follows in his Timaeus and after some further remarks and discussions of the laws of " For the Hellenes. for he always d^wts " 8 agreed with what was reasonably put.

y]Kovaev. XXIII cap. rdSe opcovTe? Xoyov ci^ia.01 KardBovTroi yecoBrj 6pi] /cal TrapairX^aia tco AvBcov Tp. fcarcippovs Be opt) air' ra avTOiv cpeperai rj Ne?\o9. o>9 e^eXtov dp. /cal 7roXXol tcov irpoaco rov iierpiov TrpoeXduvres d/coveiv. Be ?}%&> ro ^ pevpiaTOs -yjrocpco narap- pi)yvvLievov tcov opcov /cal dp.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. i]v irricnrciTai yi)v ttoicov Al'yvTTTOV.coXcp. 8iaXex0evT€<.0?. fier ov ttoXv i)kwv ec\> JNetA. dve^ev^av d7ro/3aXovTeq to XXIV cap. e^ccrrdpevo^ Be e avTols t>}<? o^aXefeo)? dvr/ei av- o-fcevaaopevos. tcl cpvXXa /cal tov cpXoiov /cal to Bd- .a e$ tov Nc t\oi/ etcTriTTTOVTO^ yaXeiTr) Bo/cel koX'ovk dve/CTt) d/covaai.eydXcov avrov e/coip. ovBels virep airrjyyeiXe pev ovcev tov eavrov Be Oapd eyeXa' rjpcora S' tov yeXcoTOs. Upo'iuvri Be tco 'AttoXXoovuo /cal toi<. Tore virep Liev 8?) BetTrvr/cravTes /cal p.epa Tot"? €9 Tvlivovs irpoaenrovTes eiropevovro reivovaav apunepoi tov NetXof. dAA' ecpeiBovTO tov airoppy'jTOV.i)d-t]crav.a rf} eco. ull$> avrov AWiOTres 100 cov pao-roi opcov etpaivovTO irapeyopevoi oevopa. ov% dpa Be rfj t?jv 7]p.

XXIII their supper and after a discussion chap. about the same size as the hill of the Lydians called Tmolus and from them the Nile flows rapidly down. as it breaks down in a cataract from the mountains and hurls itself noisily into the Nile. opportunity of speaking to him apart. And no one asked him what he was laughing ahout. keeping the Nile on their right hand. they saw some round-shaped hills covered with trees. And after a little time Nilus returned. and started off along the road which ^^g^iie leads to the mountains. BOOK VI ciiap. and many of those who have approached it too close have returned with the loss of their hearing. is terrible and intolerable to the ears. . They then took trifles . washing with it the soil of which it creates Egypt but the roar of the stream. for he meant to start at daybreak. and they saw the following spectacles deserving of notice. but they respected his secret. though he laughed a good deal to himself. they laid them down to sleep where „ DgsCI'IDlIOU they were but at daybreak they said goodbye to f the the naked sages.LIFE OF APOLLON1US. hut did not tell them anything of what they had said to him. and his party pushed on till chap. the leaves and bark and gum of which the Ethiopians IOI . however. The Catadupi are mountains formed of good soil. of certain . he left them to prepare and pack up for his journey. XXIV Apollonius.

Naca/icow? zeal (pdyoi zeal Tlvyfialoi Be zeal 'AvBpoSzeiaTroBes eOvtj p. t?)? zeal irapoaXei^ zeat roiavra vi)pia ovBev auTOt?. zeaTazeoTrTOvre<i Be eiai avrovs t?}<? dyopdv.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. bv pLovov azeovres. Kpvov zeapirov rjyovuTat. adipLacnv. ewpdro. ra Trepnrd.d^ovaiv avTr)<. eireiBav OeppLrjS ri)s 6rjpa<. dX)C enrem'tha eirrjei oyairep eKTreirX^ypieva tou<. eo~7rXeovcuv 01 XXVI xxvi zeal epcXoeroepovvras AtaXeyopievovs Be virep tmv Orjptwv tovs avBpas virep t?}? <pvaea)$ dXXo dXXoos 102 . tovtojv evetvyyavov /ecu f)p. 7]06)o~iv.(pop- diip. kciX TrXijcrlov eep tovtwv ol dpua^MV tovs eXe- (pavras ttoiovvtcu OrjpwvTes. to zeal octtoIs Be oyvnep rrjv eirwyvpuiav jjprjzee. zeaOrjzeovcri Be e'9 rov Kldtorra direveydevTe^ 'Qzeeavov.ev ftovrpayoi iXdcpov Te gvy/ceircu zeal Be to. o"e ravpov. irXelcna Be ol • /ecu ftoaypol re ravTa to p. ip. y 'FiVTCtuda vofidBes olzeovatv Aldi07re<. TTicnevovres. dv6 pdtir ov$ obov zeai .ev ravTa ol arpovOol /ecu ovoi. tw zeal avOis drjpdaeiv. rroXXd 07)pia «<£' p.i/3pcoTOi<. oipicu.ev AWlottcov zeal o7Be. b9ev eircbvvpioi twv iXeefxivreov irpdo-ews. ol yap Xeovres. (rtywv. TreiroXtapievoL. eXaepoi Be zeal /ecu zeal BopzedBe<. eoipwv Be zeal Xeovjas ayyov erepa. XXV cap.

They found moreover on the road the hones and half-eaten carcases of these for the lions. care little for what is left over of it. „ upon waggons. and arc accordingly called by a name which signifies the selling of elephants. so-called. . and also many wild bulls and ox-goats. they want it. and they also saw lions citap. . XXVI As our company were discussing these animals CHAP. XXV It is here that the nomad Ethiopians live in a chap. And the Nasamones and the man-eaters and the pigmies and sort of colony tribes of Ethiopia the shadow-footed people are also tribes of Ethiopia. when they have gorged themselves with fresh prey. they feel sure of catching fresh quarry whenever close to the path. that latter of the creatures from which its name is taken. saw stags and gazelles. and they extend as far as the Ethiopian ocean. and leopards and other such wild xxn animals but they were not attacked by any of them. which no mariners ever enter except castaways who do so against their will. and talking learnedly about the food which nature I 103 . and ostriches and asses. and not far from them the elephant-hunters.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. because. the former of these two animals being a mixture of the stag and the ox. the latter in great numbers. who cut up these animals and sell the flesh. BOOK VI regard as of great value. for they fled from them in haste as if they And they also were scared at the sight of men. I think.

£771/9.ev ov/ceri bpdv. eraipcov ovtco tl (p-qaiv. tt)v Be o^Orjv ttjv dvTi/cei- fMevrjv Tot? opeaiv 6(ppvv elvai \i0orop. & varctTOs. Ta<? Be 7niyd<. irpoaev^dpuevoL Be tw NetXw ^oypelv rrpoaoy teal drjpia p.7) ^copelv irpocro).eva><> i. -tyofyoBed (pvcret yap rj ovra irpoaoiKelv rot? yaXrjvols pdWov rot? payBaiois re kcl\ evijxois./3o\al$ 6 ^lapavas koX 6 ^latavBpos. opwv Be iiyj/i]- \0Tepc0v eKirtTTTeiv.vv re rep Ttpaaicovi kol tw NetXft) tov rpnov xarap- putcTou e^eadat. irepl 1) TrXaaias 104 avrds ^vpufiaivovra iroWaal Trporepai ovaas /cal ttjv TnjB&crav e/c . dppi]TOv. dviovrcov Be igoos 7rpwT09. IBecv 6 KaTiovroiv fcal fiev fcarappdiCTrjs.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS C' AT> - /3o<Tfcova7]s. irepl ov rdBe dirayyelXai rj/covTw eiTLKpepiaaOai p. aK\r]pa<. e/celOev e? tcl rbv NeiXoy /cvpaivovaas re Be TrdOrj to." cfiao~L r) ardBia Be/ca 7Tpoe\06vres p. tcov opwv inrep- TTiTTTeLV e\ ttjv 7reTp(oBi] oyOifVy dvayeiaBai Be /cal \ev1ca5. a>9 ovv /cai two? twv ra oora Aa/At? avTGs re dra^evfjai tov re WttoWcoilou eavrov p. ev 6 tw /cal o Tt/xaatcov.ev rco NetXw icopvfyas e/cei araBicov fidXiara 6ktu> v\jro<." avBpes. d7ro/cpep. a\Xa " KoiXt]^ en koX " ecf)i]. oviroi viewer.ia<. r/Xai 7rpoae/3a\ev olov /3pov~fj<..ev ktvttijO F]vat BelaOai p. erepov Be paKTOV ciKovGai fieTa irevre/caiBeKci irov KarapardBia ^aXeirov p. BnrXacrLa) avrbv tov irporkpov.. tov Be eppwp.ev i)Bi] /cal yap elvai ovk dve/crou alaOeadat.eva<.eioi TTOTapibv efcBtB6/u.avvvp.evov tov opovs ovBev ev irpcoTaLs %vp.

10: . and he says that after they had put up a prayer to the Nile. for it was twice as loud as the first one and it fell from much higher And Damis relates that his own ears mountains." he says that they saw a river discharging itself from the hill-side quite as big as the Marsyas and the Maeander at their first confluence . from which they pour into the But the Nile as an expanse of whitening billows. for the latter are naturally afraid of noise. effect produced upon the senses by this cataract. boldly pressed on to the third cataract. as if in a quarry. at the most eight stades in height eminence faces the mountains. cloud. but the Nile. and therefore live by calm waters rather than by those which rush headlong with a noise. namely a beetling brow of rocks mysteriously cut away. . which is many times greater than the earlier ones. but of thunder : as when it is still hollow and concealed in the And Timasion said " A cataract is at hand. the last for those who are descending the. gentlemen. till they overbalance and fall on to the rocky eminence. and those of one of his companions were so stunned by the noise. And after fifteen stades had advanced about ten was they heard another cataract which this time horrible and unbearable to the senses. as of BOOK VI heard a sound ciiap. river. they thunder not a crashing sound. that he himself turned back and besought Apollonius not to go any further however he. up. along with Timasion and Nilus. . but the first to meet you on your way it is : cataracts And after they stades.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. of which he made the following Peaks there overhang the report on their return. they went on till they no longer saw any animals at all . supplies in their different cases. and the fountains of the Nile cling to the edge of the mountain.

KarappaKTa<. yvvaca. XXV 11 xxami K-araXvcravTes Be Kftifxrj p. eirl & tt)V rrjv t«9 TrpcoTas 7rr)<ya<.i)va aaTvpov fydapca Xvttcov eirl to.eTcc tov<. eyKaTap. ddpoas twv he Kal tovs 5' ev Trj kgo/jct) yvvacKcov ytcovcrav eiriice- Xevopcevtov dXXijXacs eXelv... dpiraadpcevoc ^vXa Kal XcOovs Kal b ri e? %eipas eicdo~T<p eXdoc." ecpy] o NeiXo?. TrapetcdXovv aurwv dvhpas e? Kocvwvcav tov epyov. tovtwv r)X™ T<* °PV> hvarjKoov epyd^ecrOai ttjv he irpbaw ohov laropiav tov pevfiaro^. dyovaav airopov p. Kal hiwfjat.6v(ov ahovcriv. Tavrais i(piaT7)cnv virep ^vpifieTpia<i tov NetXou. e7re(f)0CTa he dpa rfj kw/jlij tfhr) p. airopov he evdvp. ^vveKaXovv wairep dhcKovol pcevoc Tovf ydp. Kal hvo direKTOvkvac acf>(bv iXeyeTO.ovo<.ev eXOelv (fiacnv. CKirXayevToov ovv twc eTai- heKaTOV " ' pwv. iroXXd yap Kal kcitcc irepl haip. 106 . oca Kal Tlcvhdpcp aocf)iav vfJLvrjrai irepl tov hacp. bv rals 7n]yac<.r)dr\vai. v/3pl£ec " vi) At".FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. ecnrepav. ev he t>}? Aldi07ria<i ov p. per] hehiTe" eiirev 6 yap Ti<i evTavda aaTvpos" " AttoXXcovcos. wv pcdXcaTa ehoKet epav.cyvvvTe<i airovhi-jv Trachea.ov<.eydXrj eheiirvovv pcev irepl (Sorj<.

stories similar to those which Pindar in his wisdom puts into verse about the demon whom he sets over these springs to preserve the due proportions of the Nile. After passing the ' .LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. another to avenge the insult to their wives. and impossible to think of. The of were then. who was mad after the women and was said to have killed two of them to whom he was supposed to be specially attached. for they tell many stories of the demons which haunt it. further road which leads up to the first springs of the river was impracticable. and anything which came handy... mingling in their the satyr * & a b . to whom . mountains render it impossible to hear what your 1 But the companion tells you about the river. And it appears that for ten months the ghost of a satyr had been haunting the village. when all on Apoiionius ? ave wine a sudden they heard the women of the village screaming and calling to one another to join in and they also the pursuit and catch the thing summoned their husbands to help them in the And the latter caught up sticks and stones matter.. . BOOK VI and the echo which leaps up therefrom against the chap. frightened out of their wits till Apoiionius said " You need not be afraid." 107 . Apoiionius companions. .. and called upon one cataracts village of the Ethiopians of ' . they tell us. and they story o( were dining. for it's only a satyr that is : 1 Or "render investigation of the stream a trial to the ears. XXVII they halted in a ^xvii no great size.. . conversation the grave with the gay. towards the evening.

ri]<i fir)rpb<i aXXa teat avXwv rovrw. Kadevhei ydp. d<j> Alyvirriovs rjs rerrapa<i rf) KWfi. 6 olvo<.&). teal olvov. " ov ye /jLi]7ru> rj/jLeL<? ol Yvfivol y^pbvw r)hi) vfSpl^ovra ecrnv. errel he e^errbdi). rrXeOpov ovrrw drreyov ev w tcadevhovra Seifa? avrbv drreyeaQai ri}<. ravra ru> MtSou Treiaerai. v-nehihov he. Kpi')vr)v rr)v o'ivco ovcrav avrw irepl ra /3acrlXeia iira^rjKev avrfj rov adrvpov. NvfMpwv dvrpov. eirethdv es vttvov Karairecrr). " eVl rov<. rbv adrvpov depavws n eirirrX^rroav. /cepdacofiev rbv Kcofidp^rjv. fibvov dhoov. to? iSijXov rd adrvpov he eV avrbv el? «aTa to %vyyeve<> etccofia^e rd rod Mlhov hiafidXXayv wra. Be ovrrw fiev ewpdro. " ireiravrac yap elite rov rraleiv i) \01hope1a6al ol. (fydpfia/cov. oifxai. zeal rrapd KOifirJTac rjv k^waiv 01 avrbv tw aarvpto. o he ical erne re Iwfiev icaX 77A. vf3pio-ra<i tovtow. e? eiuve rd ev rrpbfSara. K€pdo~a<. on adrvpov \drrerai. /cat ou (bra. on fir) -tyevherai 6 X0709. arreiawfieOa. o h." /cal elirwv ravra r)yelro rol<. Xeyerai MtSa? 7tot€ xprjcracrOar fierecj^e fiev o yap rov rcov aarvpwv yevovs Mi'Sas ovtos.. aXX elirev. warrep Trivbfievos' " " rco aarvpw. ecprj. KOifnjrai'i e9 108 ." eho^e ravra teal dfupopeas \rjvov. fccofir/s.r) olvo\o/)aa<.. co fiereari)crafiev rov crKiprav. oXvw O^pevOei^.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. aoxppovet /ecu hiaXa/crj/coax. e/cdXei.

a fountain and let the satyr get at it." . and a satyr as was clear from the shape of his ears once. the wine sensibly diminished it . "his nonsense is stopped for ever. show that the story is true. for he is fast asleep. I understand. we will mix it with water for the satyr and he will shai*e the fate of Midas' satyr. stop his jumps and leaps." he Such was said. which was not quite a furlong away from the village and he showed them the satyr lying fast asleep in it." " it's the one that we naked sages have found xxvn insulting us for a long time past and we could never " But/' said Apollonius. ." And with these words : he led the villagers to the cave of the nymphs. had heard from his mother that when and at such satyr is overcome by wine he falls asleep. but piping about them. let us go to the head man of the village." They thought a good plan. times comes to his senses and will make friends with you in And to the latter drank it up and was overcome. trespassing on his kinship with Midas. so he poured four Egyptian jars of wine into the trough out of which the village cattle drank. Apollonius said satyr's health. Midas. and then called the satyr by means of some secret rebuke or threat and though as yet the latter was not visible. running amuck here. for Midas himself had some of the blood of satyrs in his veins. and as if And when it was quite it was being drunk up. which remedy against to Midas is said once have employed ." " I have a these hell-hounds. but told them not to hit him or abuse him. " Let us drink the finished. 109 . Well. BOOK VI " Yes. " For. by Zeus/' said Nilus. so he mixed wine which he had in his palace . and if the villagers have any wine.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. not only singing about them. chap. made merry at the expense of his ears.

TOVTO /J. eirerpeTre Be auras Mew7T7T&) re /cal NetXa. p. ov%l 6Bov irdpepyov. XXIX . fia 7T/30? TWV /JLeipClKLOV lj/3pi^OV Jpd(f)(i)V Kol (TCLTVpOV Sai/xova (TGMppovlcrai (prjcrlv ev AlOioTrla. CLLiKpd eiriTtfioyv auTO? ' I I ' ' rq> TLvcppdrg. oi 7roBe(ove<i oi ivt]/Afj.FLA VI US PHILOSTRATUS CAP. rd o/xopd re eOvii earecpdvovv auTov. veftplBa yap £v/n(f)va Kara tov vcotov. k&v evTv^jl Tt? €7rccrToXf} tov dvBpos. jxrj irelpa dTrio-rrjTea ovre eyco. Be avTtp e£ AWioiria^ 7) fiev 7rpo? V / > \ T7I £ '-y 'C tov hjU(ppaTr)v oiacpopa rore pbaKiara eTreoco/ce e/c TOiv oaiifxepai BiaXe^ewv. cap. rj<. Ei7rel Be Ttro? ypij/cei rd XoXvfia Kal veKpwv rrXea rjv irdvra.epLvrjaOai Xprj tov Xoyov tovtov. dWd irapoBov epyov. aWa XXVIII car XXVII [ T\aTaj3dv7i. Tt)v Bepiiv irepl to arepvov TT)V rj Arj/jbVOV TO)V avrS) a<p})7TTOVTO. fjv aVOrjTCdV* vlov. rod Be NeiXov o~<p6Bpa eTre/xeXelro. /n) yap ayrcx? no .€V Br] TOLOVTOV 'A7T0XXc0AC.€V(p irpwToi ^vvei\rjcf)6re<. Oil TT) eXeyero rt<? eTucpoiTav aaTvpos. &)? el/cbs yv ial/cei tt) icnopLq ravrr]. aaTvpovf Be elval re kol epcoriKMV cnrreadai pJn cnrcarcofiev oiBa yap /card fiijrpl i/XaVTOV TIVCL IGrfk'lKCOV. 6 Be ovtc r)^iov eavrov tovtov. ovre yap tt\€L(o inrep tovtwv.

. iiespecially on account or daily disputes and discus. and seldom himself attacked Euphrates. the neighraces offered him a crown but he dis. But we must not disbelieve that satyrs both exist and work of his passing .dencefwith bouring claimed any such honour to himself. but a masterJ and if you read the sage's by which he wrote to an insolent young man that he had sobered even a satyr demon in Ethiopia.. BOOK VI this exploit of Apollonius. When XXIX After Titus had taken Jerusalem. he had come down from Ethiopia the CHAf. we may CHAP. in are susceptible to the passion of love . n j . and when the chap.. But I must not go further into this subject but. call it not an incidental work in passing. XXIX country all round was filled with corpses.LIFE OF APOLLON1US. * Breach with . in . . the front paws of which were drawn around his neck and fastened over his chest. anyhow. for I knew a youth of my own age in Lemnos whose mother was said to be visited by a satyr. XXVIII breach .Euphrates he left them to Menippus and Nilus sions though to conduct. with Euphrates grew wider and wider. you will perforce call to mind the above story. and. being much too busy with the training of Nilus. saying that it Titus . . much to experience of facts as it is to myself. epistle. credit is due as . as he well might to judge by this story for he was represented as wearing on his back a fawn-skin that exactly fitted him. by heavens.j. 1 I try to render the puu of the original.

FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS CAP. ytyvcoa/eets. Bihwptt eyu> tov crco^poavvi]^ crreot? Bet o~Te(f>avovo-0ai. av. o~ot teat vnep tov epavTOv" 7raT/30f. TrepifiaXcov ekdovTa. eVetSr) e<£' eppwao. yv(ap. /cat " TrdvTa p. eBelro avTov e? Yapaovs ijtceiv. " e(f>i].e<7Tov to Si] o~Te(pavovo~6at eTTtcrToXrjv.be epte." ecpi]. %vveat<. ravra etpydaOat.at(Dv ^aipeiv.ot 6 iraTi'jp. air-yet pev taopoipi'jacov t?}? upxfo T *P 7raT P^> T0V &£ AttoWcoviov evdvptrj- 0€t<. lireprjcrueLS be o ltTO? Ty eiriaToXr]. aifiari. %dptv oiSd /cat inrep ptev /cat pep..in)o~op. eyw> yap ZoAayxa fjpi-jKa. p. &>? ttoWov dtjtos avT(p eaTat /cav 7rpo? (3pa)(y r ^vyyevoptevos. eirrjvet o AttoWodvlos Tavra.ai tovtwv. ' YVV CAP. 9eG> be opyr/v (fyijvavTt eVtSeSft)Kevat Ta? eavrou xelpas.^ €7tI 8i]i(p a^ptaTt. ^WTaTTet 7rpo? avrbv ?/? btdicovov Troieirai tov Adpttv.7] re /cat Oetcov. Mr? (BovXrjdevTt aot eV atxp-f) K^pinreaOai. /cat eirtaTeWet wbe' " ^ATroWcovLOii Tirrp arpaTrjiyu) Pa)p. teal acocppoavvi]^ ecf) p. I 12 . KvapprjOeis be avTO/cpaTcop ev ttj 'Viopty /cat dpio-Teiwv d^uoOels tovtwv.r\ re yap irepl tov dvbpa ecpaiveTO teal dvQpwnelwv p. (f)avov.

you have captured me. : Apollonius sends greetings to Titus the Roman General. Farewell." Now Titus was overjoyed with this epistle. I myself assign to you the crown of temperance and moderation. he besought him to come to Tarsus and when he arrived he embraced him. XXIX exploit. XXX And after Titus had been proclaimed autocrat in chap Rome and rewarded with the meed of his valour. I . who had so manifested his wrath and Apollonius praised his action. for therein he displayed a great deal of judgment and understanding of things human and divine. II. Accordingly Apollonius indited to him a letter which he sent by the hand of Damis and of which the text was as follows . and it showed great moderation on his part that he refused to be crowned because he had shed blood." : " . and " In replied my own behalf I thank you. because you thoroughly understand what deeds really merit a crown. and thinking that even a short interview Avith him would be precious to himself. BOOK VI was not he himself that had accomplished this chap. visits Titus . went away to his father . no less than in behalf of my father. but that he had merely lent his arms to God. saying: "My father has told me by letter every- VOL.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. and 1 will not forget your kindness for although I have captured Jerusalem. Whereas you have refused to be proclaimed for success in war and for shedding the blood of your enemies. he xxx become the colleague in Empire of but he did not forget Apollonius.

hehia /x?. r " w Tvavev. yap " hi] avrov rbv avyeva eppcoro avrov Xaa tch>> " eiire. iicp Kal ol eiceivov (f)vaei to Traihes. vios. 7rpeG/3vrepa yap %vp{3i]Gerat veois. i) epe XP^h aTTTCopiai. eTriy^nfka<pi'~)Ga$ he icai 'AttoWoovios. dpuovtav Kal %vyKeKpap." jBidaerai " ravpov av%eva "6 e/c veov" ecpt]. fie" rbv rrarepa Tiro? Kal to vtt eiceivov dv eic dp^Of/vai. eyd> he en] p.evoi 6 epaired govt a re Ta? veori]ro<. %vp:f3ov\ov erroieiro ere.evos e'<? to ap-^eiv rrplv ovk o:S' el ap^dPjvai elhevai. „ „ rrepl cipxfjs Kal „ . C09 evepyerrj^ Kal Trap 6 tl ea/xev.ev apea Kevaa p. 09 Ttaihbs avrbv rjj eavrov " tt dxpodaei ^vveiOi^e.. Kal Ka\ovp. p." elirev 'AttoWcoo~e " irpwrov prj p. XXXI CAP. d%iovp:evo<i he wv 6 rrarhp e^r/KovTOvrrjs o')v. . top eavrov Xeyatv p-ovov ovrco Kparepbv viroay(e7. e£ wv Kal yfipas iG^vGei Kal veurr^ ovk draKrdGei. efp^. ya P 0VO lv i ~ tfvpas.evov ov opwv eireaOai rS> rrarpi. daKOvai to croypa.ev he yd pa dp. " o poG%evGa<. .a av\bs i)helav to dp^etv iovgt)<.ev rpiaKOvra yjrai erreGreCKev. . Gcavrov . . . dp%up." elrrev. real Tt'9.evrjv ti? Se cLGerat .v ^vyS . ti<? p.ei^ovo)v. ^at'/3<y. xxxi 1 "'E/iot he.FLA VI US PHILOSTRATUS cap. " &v ravrl yeyova. dihe Xvpa. . e'9 ^vvOepaTrevdijGt]. tca\ Ihov re avrov iv avrfj ykypat) i7ricrTo\i]. tl vnouijGij 14 a ye. paGi\eia<.

" And for myself. O man of Tyana. 2 "can you give me any precepts as to how "5 1 2 . BOOK VI thing in respect of which he consulted you and chap. meaning his own father. here is his letter." that from my youth up answered Titus." said Apollonius. is there any lyre or any flute that will produce so sweet a harmony and so nicely blended ? For the qualities of old age will be associated with those of youth. said as stout a neck as any athlete in training): (for he had " And who whom without being his natural children so many are delighted to obey. under the yoke reaped will force so sturdy a bull-neck as yours " " ? He me as a calf. after stroking his neck.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. I have learnt myself to obey." XXXI Titus. with the result that old age will gain in strength and youth in discipline. lo. "in the first place to see you prepared to subordinate yourself to your father. perhaps before I that we are. Now though I am only just thirty years am held worthy of the same privileges to which my father only attained at the age of sixty. and I therefore dread lest I am undertaking a task beyond my powers. and implying that he could only be controlled by the latter. who had accustomed him from childhood to obey himself. and next to see you rendering to his court a homage in which others will associate When youth and age are paired in yourself. in which you are described as his benefactor and the being to whom we owe all ." Thereupon Apollonius. authority. I am called to the throne and to rule." answered chap. " I am delighted then. of age.

€(f)i). €<ttI yap tov " K.eipa/ci(p e'<? tijv twv 'Wa/crjaLcov dyopdv ere. " " /cal to d\i]Oeveiv e/cifXiiTTeaTrapprjaia" elrre. tl Set " 05 ^vviarai aoi oiroaa Tt? Be. BiBov." gvyyeopeb Be ai>Tu> ical Ba/celv. 'Op.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap." (frijcriv.r]8ev6s. aoi Be <~vveo~Tat aov re 7rpo5 erepovs /cal irpos avTov dpua ical ovBe ci\oyco<." Be tov Tltov tov icvva d/covaavros. J\ AA ' TreTreucas. &)? /cal tcov Trarepwv ^vvrovcoTepov ftaBiov p. ovtos virep iraLBwv dycoytjs " o ypdcjycov. " " 'AjroWcovie. /cal ^vpLirepirei avTov? o7raBov i i tw ica'iToi p. 0? virep aXoyovs ovras. " tov oiraBov icvva.vvi/cov /cpdrovs.7]p(p p. irpdrTeiv tov dyadbv dpyovTa." elire." eep>].e dBiKovvra n6 . Tapavrivos TivOayopov croepo^ "effTW. /3ov\ei BtBda/coov.£05 /cal Bvoiv eBo/cei /cvvwv BelaOai. vTTOKeifievos fo>9 yap tw irarpl BifKd ttov. cov 6 T?/\e/za. yevvalos o '/V/r^uTa? avrjp yap p.evcov eVl Ta? dpeTas. aoi "t)v ofxoio)VTal o~cf)icrip oi iralBes? iyu> Be /cal ArjpLijrpiov ^varijao) tov ep^avTOV eralpov. rrarrip irapdBeLyfia aperr}*." veo<.aQeiv agios' iyevero to. i) ao<fcla rov dvBpb? tovtov . to?? iraiaiv. S' ofiouocrr) avray /ecu rov 'Ap^i/rov /cal av eliroipu vvvl \oyov. Oai re vtto Bva^epoos " p.evToi. et Tt p. " cos vXa/cWjerei. el kucop. croc}) n dpapTavois.

IT7 . for fathers also will the more resolutely walk in the path of virtue because their children are coming to resemble them. in spite of their being irrational animals but you will have a dog to accompany you who will bark in your behalf not only at other people. it appears. two dogs. at yourself in case you go wrong." he replied. for he possesses the constancy and strength of character of a cynic. and he will bark withal u and never irrationally.' But for myself. j" j which is a noble one and worth committing to Archytas was a man of Tarentum who memory. Telemachus. the other." "And what sort of wisdom. certain 1 that you will grow like him. and he wrote a treatise on the education of children. you ns t0 have laid upon yourself. I think. and I 1 will even let him bite me. and the poet sends these to accompany : the youth to the market-place of Ithaca. 1 he continued " And yet in Homer." wisely. in which he ' Let the father be an example of virtue to his says children. was learned in the lore of Pythagoras. to rule BOOK VI and exercise the authority of a sovereign ? " ctiap." And as Titus did not seem very pleased to hear the name of dog. speak the truth unabashed by anyone. for in so submitting xnuf " Demetrius yourself to your father's will. when he was young. XXXI " as Only such rules/' replied the othei*. O Apollonius. but. it is. in case he A cynic means literally a canine philosopher." said Well. " give me your dog to accompany me. . I propose to associate with you my own companion Demetrius.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. And I would like to to teach m 0W repeat to you on this occasion a saying of Archytas. : who will attend you as much as you like and instruct you in the whole duty of a good ruler. required. does this person " " " to possess ? Courage.

ear at p. tfiaal yap KaKeivw 11S . yap " " /cal roaovrm irpodvporepov. aiauoiro. beihos oecuco? " kcu 77077 ravra. oirore Xwov. e^>eari]Koo<. ocrco epoira." 'Obvo-aeiK.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. ivavev. . ^vy^a>pei<i " irov epcordv virep rtav e/xol airovSacordrcov . rtva rpoirov ov ye. cpiXoaocpei be eirl rijs'Voo/jirjs" "yeypd- " (f)0co. etire. icai 77 ov<. pdXiara ovv." elirev.ccord- yap rov rovs. co 8e T1V09 roix. rfjs ifiau- rov. iiceivw airodavovros be. dvaftXeyp-as a>/xvv avrov.01 e poor >] a is. irapovra^. eavru) olrceiordrov*. elire. Meraary]adfX€vo<i avTOL. et /i?. eiirev." XXXII cap. irpo- opav yap rovrov %pr) pdXtara. e<pV> ""po? avrov eiriaroXr]. rovs £&h»to9 fxev iroXe/j. Xeyerai. yeypa-yerai. e*9 rov tjXiov virep /urjv peWeiv tovtcov irpbs avrov Xe^eiv ol firjbe epcorwvra. yeyovafxev." eepi].. 77 koi avrb<. C09 dfia t?}? e? T771/ " kolvcdvos i]plv yevoio? dfy'i^opai?' d^L(po?v ocov " €<py]. efiovXoprjv 8' av kcl\ irpbs ere virep 'Pco/jLrjv ifiov rtva ypacpew. airouavovpai " ecbrj. ' Oeov<." (frvXarroipijv dv.. " " virep fxei^ovcov. (pfjvaL irpoeiirelv avrw irarpbs bebievai he rovs rcv<." irepl "^X%. fjuev " ecf)i]. 004-a) cl<7<pa\r]<.

" Pray do said the other." said is said to have died. " as Odysseus bitterest enemies. but after his death against your own kith and kin. XXXII _ ' 1 ." for he teaches so. O man of Tyana." " It is about my own life. and induce you to share with me my journey to Rome. feels I BOOK "I VI will -write cttap. "For. "and do so all the more readily so. about this than about anything else. and circumspect for a man ought to be more careful my . eommittinjr injustice." said the other." "Pray do philosophy in said Titus. to be on your guard against his the other. so long as your father is alive." " I will come there." "And." he said. you •'-'' will allow me perhaps to ask you a question upon " matters of grave importance to myself. x orctells to Titus the j^ ^oath* know whom That is I ought most to be on my guard against. and said that we are alone." " " Nay." And glancing at the Sun he swore by that god that he had himself intended to address Titus about this matter even if he had not asked him. "the gods have told me to warn you. "whenever it is best for both of us. " and I wish I could get some one to write to you in my behalf." letter. question. and I hope you will not think me cowardly for already being anxious about it. "in what " " In the same way am I to die ? way. \ chap." because the matter is so important." said the other." said the other." said Titus. you are only cautious." XXXII Titus dismissed the company. "and I would feign : Then " Now i .LIFE OF APOLLOXIUS. for 119 . V VV AAA1 I am a to him Rome.

ftacnXev" p. (fiavepd).evov.i)rpiov eiriaroXt} wSe elx ev ' 'A7roWawo9 AiBcopi j3ao-i\eias ere tcvvl (fiiX6cro(f>o<.. irXyv 6pyi]<i. Ar)p. iroXep. dXXa.iov<. ravra 6 1 1 Ad pis. rrdvra. dXi]0evaai re p. dmovra " rov<. ro £vv Trpdw re Kal xprjo-ro). rov Be rrarepa dperals" XXXIII CAP. ov ro %vv aoeXcpw dpyeiv Beivov f/yovp. Kal ~Hepwva pev earrotycrat to?? eavrov o\jroi<.erd rov rrarepa rrjv dp%i]v /cara- o-%6vra vtto rov OaXarnov Xayco diroOavelv.ev avrbv rr\v alxp. ko. IBia rrepieftaXov dXX//Xov<. rov 'OBvaaea fieftXrjoOai Buoiv Be eroiv p. Aop. tt}? /3acriXet crv o° Ttrq) BtBdo~KaXov rod t']0ov<. 120 .T]vevei (fevXdrreaOai p. rov Xaycov rovrov eVl toi)? iroXepLicordrov. e<f>r].FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cat. a)Se epp. roiavra Bta\e)^6evre<. inrep rrdvra ra ev rfj OaXdrrrj Kal yfj dvBpocpova. ev " w VL/ca.7]V f] t% rpvyovos. <pao~i.oi 77-/90? av- rbv BlBov eppcoao. 'H Be 777309 rov Ar]p. -X -X X rov Odvarov ere • OaXdrrrj^ eXdeiv..7]rpL(p xaipeiv.ev ottXols.\ ytyvov avru>. Be rrpoaenrcov.ercavov be em rov aoe\(pov itrov. rov Be LX^vv TOvrov napeyeo-Qai %vfiovs diropp>]rov<.

that he was to be on his guard against the cusp of the fish called the trygon." apart. my King. with which they say Odysseus was wounded. he says. causes secret humours in the body worse and more fatal than anything else either in the sea or on land. : XXXIII But the letter to Demetrius ran as follows chap. that you may instruct him how to behave as a sovereign." in public. introduced this seahare in his dishes to poison his worst enemies and so did Domitian in order to remove his brother Titus. but to sharing it with one who was both gentle and good. &£*£» " I have made a present of you to the Emperor Titus. after which they embraced one another : . and make yourself. according to Damis. Damis interprets the above utterance as follows Namely. and take care that you confirm the truth of my words to him. . And Nero. : 121 . sea. and as Titus departed Apollonius greeted him with these last words " Pray you.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. everything to him. anger Farewell. Such was their conversation in private. he died through eating the fish called the sea-hare and this fish. Anyhow. after he had occupied the throne for two years. xxxni "Apollonius. the Philosopher. not because he objected to sharing his throne with his brother. sends greetings to Demetrius the cynic." BOOK VI they say that he too met with his death by the chap. overcome your enemies by your arms. in succession to his father. but your father by your virtues.

Bid re to dveifxevoi zeal Tpvcpwvres firjBe rrjv crOat. pct)fi7]v. . £uve\i) Oovaa Be tto\i<. eXey- £aifii crol /nev teal irajpl tw aw Trokefiiovs. rov Trarepa ecprj teal auT09 inrep el cov 6 'ATToWdovios. ueu ciWov v . ireTTpecris tcl (3evp. 6-^re BiBovat.. 122 . Xpovov i]X@ovto 7W 'AiroWcovirp Bed re Ta? e7rt7r\ij£. r ' top . edve jxev yap Bi]fioaca 6 fiacn\ev<. tmv aoi tl Be (pavepcorarcov ye. . avras efroielro.eva) teal aov. ra<. " -ra? Bwpeds." Beomai' irapeXdoov Be " tovtcov eepi]. virepyvcap.vi]crea@ai 7rpeo~f3ev(Teiv tovtwv " irpo<. <w? olfCio-Ttjv / Tore 8' ovrco rt rov \6you dveyeTjrr7]0r}aav rov dvBpos. /cal Ta? /xev /cad' eavjov TroielaOai.evov$ be 8' virep vecorepcov XcXv/ia.is. BiBoofii 6 ydp /aol d^Oeaerai 7rart]p akrjOeias >)TT(0/J.FLA VI US PHILOSTRATUS XXXIV CAP. e(br]. ff/i/ta^ou? e~)(9p6iv. d(pavel<. " " aWo enrev.(opia<. 6 Be /jL€/j." elirev. re avrbv i)yelo~dai /cal crTr]piy/j. itcerevev inrep roiv /xeyio-rcov.^ dvariOecrdai . Be iviovs. e? teoLvwviav Ta? Be " ov >]cr0els Be 6 /3ao-i\ev$. avrltca diranelv. xxxiv Ol f Be tou? Tapcrot'? olkovvt€<. ras Be evepyeaias /xev Tip.a rov ciareo^. tL TteicrovTat. iireiSi] %vvtovov<. " ij a-rroXovvTai eora outc aia^pov.

" replied Apollonius. but reserve the benefaction until you can see and " But the king. what would happen to them?" "Why. because of the violent reproaches which he addressed to them. what else. and be himself their ^^ . devoted admirers of our hero as to regard him as their second founder and the mainstay of their city. for my father will not be annoyed at my yielding to truth and to yourself. when the whole body of citizens met and presented a petition to him asking for certain great favours and he replied that he would mention the matter to his father." . : "Then l 2 3 . and of having sent legates to Jerusalem to excite a rebellion. and yet dilatory in conferring a boon and be ready yourself to undertake the punishment. and of being the secret allies of your most open enemies.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. your own and your father's enemies. owing to the fact that benevolence ino{ through their languid indifference and sensual dolence they could not put up with the vigour of his Antioch But on this occasion they became such remarks. over-delighted consult your father? with this remark. said "I grant the favours they ask for. : is it not disgraceful. "that you should be instant in demanding their punishment. BOOK VI XXXIV Now the inhabitants of Tarsus had previous])' CHAP. detested Apollonius." said the Emperor. "than instant death?" . ambassador to procure them what they wanted whereupon Apollonius stepped forward and said " Supposing I convicted some who are standing here of being. For on one occasion the Emperor was offering a sacrifice in public.

ov8a. ovhe yap tou? irovtipoy^ (pvvTas 69 to \wov /xeTaaTijaet. xaXeTroorepov eycoye rjyovfiai to fielvai top crocpov eavTu> opoiov. eire\delv tovtwv he /cal oiroaa fivi)fir]<i yycofieOa avTa irapaTrXr'fcna to £9 Tcot" AaK\i]7riaScoi> t7ri8i)fi[ai<. d/cpt[3ci>$ to.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS XXXV xxxv cap. firfT av hiaTn]hwvTe<. ovk dirovoos irapahioopev ro?9 ho/cei fioi to. ovhe 69 erepa k0vr] 7r\?]v a eyvw. ov fii-jv rocravTai ye en.Te hov\ooa>9 he fii]Te e'9 \oywv Xoifiev fO)/cos. ya\eirov yap rov yvcovai eavTov hoKovvros.jj. ov aTreipOL<.ov e\\ei7rovTi to fir) ov)( o/ioLM (paiveo~6aL. dirohrffiiat TroXXal fiev eyevovTo tS> dvhpi. ' e/cacTOi9 at/Too (pi\oao(pt)(paivoifieOa \6yov. Toaavra edvn cbaalv r ' v ' eireXOelv tov AttoWgovlov al he e(pe£f)<? cnrovha^ovTa re zeal crirovha^ofievov. oti top aTeyvw^ creTat. dvaStSdo-fcovTes Trap devTa. irept re (PoLviKas /cal KlXt/cas "Icovds re real 'A^aiot'9 tcai IraXovs ird\iv. tov dvhpos. ctvhpa fujTe peTao-Ti)crei ti fir. fir) irpoTepov e£aaK7](Ta$ to fii] avTos fiedicrTaadat. irepi re yap Tifv eVi daXdrrj] AlyviTTov Kara/3dvri avra> e£ AWioirias Siarpi/3)) TrXetcov eyevero. airovhawTepa dfjuocreTat.. 124 . hihdcr/coov fia\a/cw<. virep fiev Br) tovtwv TOf9 ev eTepois Xoyois i/caims eipr)/ca. fir) avTols opiXovvTas.

eager and zealous for others as they for him. journeys of A i" llonius though they were numerous. 125 . But lest I should unduly prolong this work by giving a minute account of the several teachings which he addressed to individuals. I mvself consider it still harder for the sage to remain always himself. nor did he go to fresh districts which for when he he was not already acquainted with came down from Ethiopia he made a long stay on the sea-board of Egypt. I think it time to record more important incidents and matters which will repay the remembering for we must consider that such episodes are comparable to the visits to mankind paid by the sons of . For. and lest on the other hand I should skip over any important chapter of a life. BOOK VI XXXV So many were the races which they say Apollonius CHAP. unless he has first trained himself never to alter in his own person. and then he returned to Phoenicia and Cilicia. and to Ionia and Achaea.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. were yet not so many as before. hard as it is to know oneself. had visited until then. that a man who never alter his nature nor is really a man will ' ' . and Italy. But his subsequent journeys abroad. and shewn those of my readers who were careful and hard students. which I am taking so much pains to transmit to those who never knew Apollonius. Now about these matters I have discoursed at length in other treatises. for he cannot ever reform evil natures and improve them. Aesclepius. never failing anywhere to shew himself the same as ever. become a slave.

v7ro/3\LTTOucriv ol avKO(f)dvrai. Kevrpa eir aurovs r)p/xevoi ri]P yXwrrav. eTriTpLf3ei<. w fieipdiciov.. ai/Tov? eyrceifievovs re ical epelbovTa^. ical tl XP a V T V 4>l ^-°P vl ^^a 7 l ouSe yap rd iraawv dtjBoveov fieXi] ^v/nepepcov d7roao/3ij(Tei<. /cat tw 'EWi/Vwy auT09 TroieZcrOai teal /j. ical £vvolkov<. avrco bipei rovs Koy\rf^ov<i rrjv e<f)i]. eVi aoepici iTroielro' eSiSaa/ce be avrou<. avrov<i defrcovias. tovto> irepLTv^oov. oiroaa evyXcoTTi^oc tovs Xapabplovs. /career icevacrai." " bia<f)OeLpeiv rovs opvis.€tpciKiov eavrov /xev aTraibevTcos el%e. aAa\ 1 M. \a\eiv re ocra 01 avdpoiiroi ical " repert^eiv ocra avXoc. elra bia\eyop:evo<. rov<.aTa . eirei be /cat ra$ re ar)bova<. bo/ceis yu-ot. eocnrep ical TrpofidWeiv tois avTols 126 to xpvcriov. 6? fiifxr/aiv dv ret fAOVcriicd tcov bpydvoov /cd/ciara avrov KaTaarfpai. dfipoyv epioiye real ov/c difkovTUiv (paivrj. tov aeavrov olkov teal &>? fiXeifravri yap tojv e\ tov? d/co\ov0ov<. tovs be opvis eiraibeve.adr)Ta<. B'. be toiovtov.' eiravrXeiv xph T ™ v ovtwv. £vy%copeiv avrols to eavrcov ct>9 fxrjS' outco? i]bv bv. aXA. " fiev tu> fit} (pcovijv be diralbevTov i<f>alv€TO. rd /iei\iy/j.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS XXXVI cap. tl" e</>>7. Trpeorov epdiy/j-a. eTriTrjoeveis teal . rore .

st y of the ". And what is more. And what will be . it would not help you to shake off these parasites that cling to you and oppress you nay you are forced to shower your wealth upon them and cast your gold before them. I should say that you were a delicately bred and somewhat wealthy — — : . and in the second place because you yourself talk the vilest Greek dialects and are only teaching them to stutter like yourself. undertook to educate birds. trained 8 whistle tunes like flute-players. xxxv f which he kept in his home to make them clever and he taught them to talk like human beings and to •i . youth who .LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. man at the the use to you of all this bird-fancying when the time comes ? For if you collected all the songbirds in the world. 127 . education of his own. my good youth. as you scatter tit-bits before dogs and to stop their . which are so sweet that not even the best musical instruments could rival or imitate them. you are also wasting your own substance for when I look at all your hangers-on. BOOK VI XXXVI There was a youth who. . in the first place because you don't let them utter their own notes. and how he trained the tongues of stone curlews as he had himself "I a very uneducated accent Apollonius said think you are spoiling the accents of the birds. and at your get-up. Apollonius met him j^ and asked: "How are you occupying yourself"? And when he replied. without having any chap. and told him all about his nightingales and his blackbirds. but sycophants squeeze people like yourself. same time that they shoot out their tongues at them like so many goads.

Xapbtrpd^ fiij ical p. tov ttXovtov. C09 Xd0y$ 7rTepoppv7jcra<.. Kvai. ov piiya. mv. yjrikwv Te ical cr(pevBovr)Twv encevrjv e£e£<?' (Bd\- yap dv tov$ avKofyavTas.. twv TpoiTWV. avOis SiSovai teal av6i<. tovtcoV Tuy%dvei<i vofxicra*. eicXLTrov e? coairep tov<.. Kal rj yvd>/xr) ai)T&> teal yX&TTa lo-yycrev. v<f ?. icav opoios ical cpo/3epro dvSpl 07rXi- TevovTi re Bo^aL. ical t<z<? tcov kwa?. /cal £vve/3ovXevov dv cpoiTav ^iXoaocpcov Te aocfricrTwv 6vpa<i. yap o~e TraiBevaovac el puev tt)v tow dyopaiwv. KaXouat Be avTo BiBacricdXov<i' tovtols diro overlap [Mircpd Bovs do~<pa\a>$ p7)T0pL/ci)V tceKTi']crr) rd TrXelco. ecnl yap ti ev airdaaa TroXecriv dvdpcoTToov. to Be (f>dpfiaKov j3oX-P]<. kciv vXatcTwcriv.eipd/ciov tovtcov. el fxev to. Aet he aoi Tivb<i e/cTpo7rf)<. Te%vi]. ical aocjiia irdarj ti]V oiKiav Ti]v creavTov (fypuTTeiv eTrel Be e£a)po<. elra avTov ireiviw varepov ical diropelv.era^o\?^ >/£>/. ere paBia & I. eOvos au vinra) puev yiyvdocricei*.FLAVIUS PH1L0STRATUS xxxvi chap." opvidwv %vvi)ice to p. TavTi 5' eK/xaOoov tijv twv Xoi<. TeXecoTepa kfxaOes. rf}<. yap iralBd eirl eojpcov €Ti. vtt ical <x£t&>? i) irpdrrwy tov Opijvelcrdai /xaXXov tj}? p. to yovv vTrep aeavTov Xeyeiv eicpbaOe. 128 .eTa- opvcOcov aSeadac. BtaTpij3d<i S)v BiBacricdXcov eftdBicrev.

therefore formidable this . much to the improvement both of his judgment and of his tongue. otherwise you will wake up one day and find that you have been plucked of your wealth as if it were plumage. so as to be able to hedge habitation with a wider learning but. until at last chap. for there is in all cities a class of men. if you thoroughly branch. T29 vol. but You give them a little of called schoolmasters. if I had known you as a child and come across you then. if you had acquired more complete training and education. that. and 1 it is not a difficult art to acquire.. learn yet. since it is too late for you to manage that. for they will teach you the rhetoric of will instantly make some the Forum. I should have advised you assiduously to attend at the doors of the philosophers may add and for remember. back your substance with the certainty of getting it with interest . as you would The young man took to heart this stones at dogs. you will at any rate be equipped like a will be able light-armed soldier or a slinger. 11. for you to fling words at your sycophants. whose who are acquaintance you have never made. need to effect such a change is not a very great one .LIFE OF APOLLONIUS." birds advice. and he gave up wasting his time over and betook himself to school. at any rate learn to . BOOK VI barking you must give again and again. plead for yourself a . you would have resembled a man who is heavy-armed and round your sophists. XXXVI you will find yourself reduced to hunger and to poverty. K . and that you are a fitter subject to excite The remedy you the birds to lament than to sing. u What vou want is some splendid diversion which alteration in your character.

<wX&) -vjra /i/za>§?7 kcii avTa. tov p. -^rfjy/xa yrj<.£V #609. 7rape\" 6 p.evoiv. irpoyeveo~Tepa T?}? yrj<." v/tets $QiV OVV 6 'ATToWdciViOS./3pov<i fcaTaavpovTa'i. koX Ta\)T0 T0i9 67e'|00t9 (po/3>jaovTai. o)V Ttiv 'AvTioyeiav tov Tpjs'Evplas v<p Kai /caoievTOS 69 auTOvs VTro-yrias. SlClk- aacpf)^ yeyovev. (pepeiv e? tov Ha/cTa>\bv toi"? op. aeiap. ToiavTa. rw Kpoicro) rf/<. foj? ev ZapBeac \eyop." BiBdo~K(ov oti pLrjK av yevoiTO Tt tov iv u> (pveTac pur) 6W09. virep aWi'jKwv ijv^uvto. eiTTr^av koX oirep iv hiOGiipiiais etcodev. y^pvala yap elvai ttotc tw T//. XatfTr/9 v/jlwv " €<p1]. eTTiXarelv ai)Ta aTTOKKvaOevTa. ^TaaictLOVTO^ Be apy^ovTO*. XXXVIII cat. KaTeo-TTjcrev avT0v<i Ct>9 avTa $>o[Sovp. to. v/xec<. Avolv Be Xoyoiv pAv. tov Be. p-ev" ecpi]. y^povw Be. BevBpa.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS XXXVII cap.ev iriOavo^ ecp">i ireTnaTevaOai. (paTe eivai to. tov 8' eTepov " " \oyov KCLTayeXdcras. irpea^vrepa ra BevBpa.ov Be yevvalov irpoaireaovTo^. osrep (pi\et to. St€LaT/]Kecrav e/c/cXiicria^opLevri 770X49. eycb Be 7ro\i>v ovt(o xpovov <pi\oao(pijo~as ovttw eryvtov ovpavov TrpoyeveaTepovs daTepai. eirj Xpvcrov dyoi. 130 . i<i Be ovB' av teal avdis o-Tacudaane.6voL" evvoiav a>v TreicrovTai. tov 6 UafCTG>\6$ irore u><.

X 3 T k 2 . But the he ridiculed and said " You second story : pretend well. yet never heard of the stars being created before the heaven. and as is usual in the case of heavenly portents.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. praying for one another. The of°th e ' ' former story Apollonius said he accepted because it Paetolus was probable. citizens suspicions XXXVII 7 that when they met in assembly they all o^ > But a violent earth. have been studying philosophy all this time. Apollonius accordingly forward and remarked " It is God r ^ who is stepped clearly anxious to reconcile you to one another. of Antl0C quake happening to occur. one that the River CHAP Paetolus used to bring down gold-dust to Croesus. XXXV III The feud. being all washed away. by disseminating among the such ruler of Syria had plunged Antioch into a chap." And so he implanted in them a sense of what was to happen to them. it had given out. and that the showers of rain had swept it down into the river Paetolus although .earthquake quarrelled with one another. BOOK VI XXXVII Two stories are told in Sardis." The inference he wished to convey was that nothing could be created as long as that in which it grows does not exist. as is generally the case in such matters. they w ere all cowering. subsequenth'. and made each faction entertain the same fears as the other. xxxx duSt and the other that trees are older than earth. for that there had once been a sand of gold on mount Tmolus. and you will not revive these feuds since you cherish the : same fears. I that trees were created before the earth .

Te apuicpa eycov Bo^ovaiv.?) ovv" " elirev. a airoy^pr) fioGiceiv " eoiKas? " eepr}. OvyciTpid /xoi. to:? evepvd Te rjv zeal /neydXa.evoi. coenrep oi tou? icapirov<. "Atjiov inrep Be kcu tovtov eirLpvyaOyvaf edve Ti? rfj Oyaavpov Ty kcu ovBe ' ru> KiroWaiviep Trpoo-evyecrOcu virep tovtov coKvei. crov. Be JJavBeopa eycopet e\ irapd tov tov dypov tt) . /3aBlaa<. kcu 7rpoerev^dp. yprj paT icrTr]V opto. eovovp. Traprf\.e\yo~ope0d (petal tc\ " eeprj." real ifKyv oXljwv. /cdyco kcu y Yfj.evo i i to 132 dcTTV." " KaKoBatpiOva p.evo<} BevBpeeriv. ep. eireiBav Be Ta-i? e/celval OvyaTpdac elXyepevac OvBeV. teal twos ev civtw 6Wo?. iv (v erp.ol " eaTi TeTTapa kcu epepveov Bel TeTTcipcov.FLA VI US PHILOSTRATUS XXXIX cap. 710W0VS " Tpeepeiv dpyovs oliceTas. " e7rip. eyeo Te diroXovpai ' TTClOwV OVV Tl 7T/909 CIVTOV o ' A.iroWcovio<i.ijv)) t€ kcu avOij KrjTTLOV r ecopeiTO. " Beivov " oicov epa. ydp ere Oveiv avTy. elcri Be Bio-pLvpiat irov Bpaypal vvv. co? fiel^ov.'' /cctTavepydwcriv.ev p. kcu ei7reov tcivtci Trpojjet TrpodcTTeta. 6 Be ivOvpaqOei^. wye eaTiv ovBev top oIkov. 76." eepr]." elirev. IBcov Be tl yapiov eXcteov TrXtjpe? kcu ?)er0el<.6ev e? to ktjttlov C09 tl e7rio-fce' r 6p. ovBe yap auTo? ye tcop dcroepeov epaivyT 6 Be ijpepa eirLBaicpvcras.

"to keep a family. I am a poor treasure devil. He. and he did not hesitate to nwl^vio^ offer a prayer to Apollonius with that intent. when my daughters have had their dowries assigned to them. having put up a prayer to Pandora. Then he proceeded to the owner of the field." With these words he conducted the man into the suburbs." Therefore Apollonius took " We will compassion on him and said provide for you. nor do you yourself appear to be wanting in wits. and they : . 133 . my capital." said the other. who want four dowries.000 drachmas." " Nay." remarked the other. he returned to the city. : : ™" 8 ' only 20." large household of idle servants. as if he were going to buy some fruit. XXXIX sacrificing to mother Earth in hope of finding a treasure. A chap. and there he saw an estate planted with olive-trees and being delighted with the trees. said you found.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. while I shall perish because I shall have nothing at all. will have will think that they have got all too little. and there was also a little garden in the place. for they were very good ones and well grown. "that have nothing except a few pence. myself and mother Earth. and. who had is which now vanished . and not enough to feed my "You seem. BOOK VI XXXIX another incident worth recording. in which he saw bee-hives and flowers. he went on into the garden as if he had some important business to examine into. for I hear that you are sacrificing to her. guided by Here is certain 'man was " I see that perceiving what he was after. arc terribly fond of filthy lucre." But the man shed a " I have four quiet tear and answered daughters. and then.

ical ireivov^Tai lwvr\(j6ai auro tov he irepvGi jxvplwv ireidei dypov.<popea pev Tpio")(ikio)v hapeiKwv avTi/ca evpe irepl clvto pudXiGTCb to t?7<? ev tw KrjirUp glitjvos. /ecu to. cl tovs KapTToijs (pOetper eirel he dp. to. /ecu toIs aXXois. togovtco be ekaTTco. TrevTaKicri^iXicov he (prfaavTos. to 7rXovro<i €K TOiv irapavojxaiTajaiv evhei/cvvvTt. evpr/Lia TroojGapevov tc\<> 7reyra/ctcr^tXta?. ovirw 8' ifC7T€7TovrjKevat tov tov dvOpwirov cnrohoaOai ol hiGpvpiwv avTov. ttogov " . XL cap. o /xev hrj tov Orjaavpov epoiv ovirw ^vviec tov ocopov. p. ra? ^olvlkwv ovglcis oelva piov. " to gov e<? "%<w rt p. evepopov he ov/c c'9 tov iXaias Kaprrov eTv^ev. vllvoi cvcpopovGijs Tore tj." ecpi]. ovcra^ eirl ecf) ogw ra9 pev htGLLvpias ev tcuv yepolv eavTU> elvcu dv. aX\ ovo (o€to igcl e^eiv. eirpioi ireiroptaro. Kd/ceiva ipCiv d^ioLtvrjjiovevTa Tis ehb/cet tov ' t?. v oecT7ruT7]v. a'AA?/? 77)9. S' 134 .FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS CA P .? avbpo?' Acp pohiTijs ehovs b ev evpov tov Kj'tSro yvLtvbv IhpvTcu.ev /ecu ri. tov 8' civt uvtcov dypbv irdyvcus KelaeaBai teal %a\d£ai<.ev dveTidei.? avTM tov dvhpa fjhovTO ifkca rjv koX pvijGTtjpcov depcnrevovTwv avTov irdvra.

and how much labour have you spent " The other replied that he had bought upon it ? : the estate a year before for the sum of 15. esteeming the 5. indeed he hardly considered it a fair bargain for himself.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. chap. but that as yet he had spent no labour upon it. XL Here is another story which 1 came upon about Apollonius. whereupon Apollonius persuaded him to sell it to him for 20. and when he got a very large yield from the olive-trees. Now the man who wanted to find the treasure did not in the least understand the gift that was made him.000 drachmas. and all the worse a bargain.000 darics. when everywhere else the crops had failed.000 drachmas. and his house was crowded with suitors for the hands of his daughters urging their suits upon him.000 to be a great windfall. because. the field containing 3. whereas he might have kept the 20. and " For how much did said such and you purchase such an estate.000 drachmas that he had in hand. he now reflected that the estate which he purchased for the sum might suffer from frost and hailstorms and from other influences ruinous to the But when he found a jar almost at once in crops. BOOK VI amassed a fortune in the most unrighteous manner. XL i35 . which he did. close by the beehive in the little garden. and which deserves to be put upon record There was a man who was in love with a nude statue of Aphrodite which is erected in the : cttap. xxxix by informing against the estates of Phoenicians. he began to hymn the praises of the sage.

aXX' Be erepoyeves rep o/xoko eieelvos p:ev Tpovcp elKaap-evos Bt ovpavov B\ el p.rj levdpvrr- rerai.ev irouqrai" ecprj. ovs 0vaeiv ijyeiTo. rous 136 0eov$ irrl aol yvcovai. 6f. tov lepov. eBo^e to) to avoids TavTi]s. ovo av e? evvoiav Ka0laraao rov /a>. et ri fiovXoiro " tcov 8vtikcov 6(p6akp. cravros. eyco Be rreplrov epav epdadai roBe yiyvcocr/cw 0i]pccov." coBe ?) irapotvla .ioLO)v 8r\pia Ka0dnra% epa eVi tco hrvfia koX ^vyyevrj tLktciv. cb? Kai epav avrcov. a>? e%et. el 0eov<. epfpro. aii cnrdai] rf) yfj.evov ijpero avrov. teal epofiivcov row rf K." KaXeaas ovv rov 0pv7rr6p. avrov. " ere p. lepov ttj<. avaOijaeiv ecpaateev vrrep rov yduov. croficti. rov S' ovtco vopi^eiv 0eovs <p)]o-avtcai tcov ydpccov pLViipbovev- To?.ov<i" ecp')]. to p. vevop-t/ce. a\V evapyearepav efyaaav sivBpl icadrjpai 0ebv Bo^ecv. eVel Be 7rapi]retTO ri]V 7] ' fir/ YsJViBos. et oe eveovpiov Ta I^lovos. a7ro\el ev ovS" avreirrelv e^aiv to fir) ov Blfcaia arret.i] £vve\0ov ovre £vybs ovTe epws. et. 0ecov.vcBlcov ev/cTuccov Biop0ovo~0ai.FLA VI US PH1L0STRATUS cap. " eiraipovcri tovs 'Ay^laas re 6eol real teal tovs TlijXeas /cal deals %v^vyr)vai elrrovTes. AttoWcdvlo) Be /ecu aXkcos [xev aroira eBo/cei ravra. avdpwrroi o/noia dvdpdiTTcov. opoiwv epav. "Biop0co- rd Be tov lepov rrcirpia e^erco.

determined to purge the temple of all this nonsense and when the Cnidians asked him if he would reform their system of sacri" I will fice or their litanies in any way. : . though on youth who other grounds he thought his conduct absurd. . and they have true issue of their own kind but when two beings of different kinds contract a union. there is no true marriage or love.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. unless you get out of this shrine. and mentioned a marriage with one of them which he hoped : to celebrate shortly. and human beings with human beings. But Apollonius. XT would make yet others with a view to marrying the statue. you remember. vet as wished to i marry a the islanders were not averse to the idea. he replied 1.-ii .1.A i)hrodite hanced if she had a lover. : reform your eyes. and island of Cnidus. will perish wherever you are upon earth. Apollonius replied "The poets have turned your poor head by their talk of unions of Anchises and Peleus and other heroes with goddesses but I know this much about loving and being loved gods fall in love with gods. cnAP. and animals with animals. you would never have dreamed of falling in love with beings so much above you. nor will you be able to say that the gods have been unjust in their sentence upon : . And if you only would bear in mind the fate of Ixion. but let the ancestral service of your temple continue as it is. and in a word like with like. is bent and stretched across the heaven like a wheel and you. • i ii i." Accordingly he called to him the languishing lover and asked him if he believed in the existence of gods and when he replied that he believed in their existence so firmly that he was actually in love with them. said that he BOOK VI and he was making offerings to it. 137 . but said statue of that the fame of the goddess would be greatly en. For he.

ij Troielv vop. iip7reXov$ re ptrj (pvrevetv ert teal Ta<? Tre<pVTevfievai he avrwv 138 . virep fjvyyvu)fAi>]<. ra he airo rcov oi/ccov.rj p. viro/ceip. 6 vera*. XLII cap. ft>9 &)9 6i]aavpbv 7re7roo]p. /cal yi) earij.evov<.. at iroXet^ ra /xev dirb tov koivov. rd<. ol he.evoi tw (p6f3co.. 6° avrds r/yelpovro he/caraXavrovs %vve<pepov £vWoyij<i Yfj teat Uoaeihwvi 6v<tovt€<. uvhpl pvr) irepuhelv tov? EXX'qcrkcu irapeXOoov e? ras iroXei? rovs p.ev inrrjXaaev /cared. ccr/3ea6r]. ra erepow t«9 he airias twv pvqvijJ<dra>v tjuXXaftoov /cat..FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. direv^aTo rrjv Trpocrrj fioXtjv henrdvr] apifcpn. XLI cap. e/Gacr. kopLeriavov he (3ao-iXew5 vrrb tov aurov ^povov evuovy^ovi re p. ho/cel hi) ov/c av eepaaav virep avrcov 6vo~ar T(p 7rovTiov<i. ev tg) dpip.ev /cat arepw 'EWijo-ttovtm XaXhatot ~£pr\piaTwv. 'ZLeiafxCov he KararryovTiav irore 7roXei<?. el eirl rpaire'^oyv e/credeirj to apyvpuov.Tji irpoacpopov 6vaa<s. XL /cal tnrrfkdev 6 (pdcr/ccov epav.o0eTi]o~avTO<. irepl C09 Alyvirrtoi virep 6v<ria<.

But the impostors refused to offer the sacrifices in behalf of their dupes unless the money was Now the sage determined deposited in the banks. passed a law against making men eunuchs. after sacrificing in order to gain forgiveness. XLII The Emperor Domitian about the same time chap. so he visited their cities. partly out of their common funds and partly out of private. you. XLI cities on the left side of the C ^ AV were visited by earthquakes. and then he divined the causes of the supernatural wrath." XL the man went away who said he was in love. and against planting fresh vineyards.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. not to allow the peoples of the Hellespont to be imposed upon. whereon 139 . and Hellespont Eg y ptian about and Egyptians and Chaldeans went begging u "}™ through them to collect money. began to contribute under the stress of fear. and also in favour of cutting down vineyards already planted. and chap. and the land was at rest. BOOK VI Thus he put a stop to this mad freak. pretending that wanted ten talents with which to offer rebuked they And the cities sacrifices to earth and to Poseidon. and by making such At one time the ' ^ offerings as suited each case averted the visitation at small cost. and drove out the quacks who were making money out of the misfortunes of others.

€(f))]/3oV e'£&> dvixy^vdr\vai ol 5' ovtc ivTeTvx>]xevai ot tovs Tapaovs T0V K-vva. r/T£9 ol8ev. 7rpo/3aT€VTL/cb<.oo~Tf)v i)p. vofiov. XeXijde oe o 6av/j.ov bxdtjv. 09 tm yap ret^ou? IIKOVTLOIS rj €i\Pj<p6ai avrov TOV 7T/309 OVTOS. 6 KV(t)v I8ea tov kvvos. XLIII xuir Ka/ce'tva ev ev€7re7rra)K€t efajficp to Sr/ypuz 69 teal Tapcols tov dvBpb? ahovar kihov \vttwv.Tai pt. puot tovtov eVl T)]V tov 7roTap. 'A7roXXojwo9 8e cipTi Ke\evei Tavra elpydaaTO. tt} TrpoaeaTipce 8e to yap v8u>p Kal iroOel Kal 8e8oiKev dye TpepLoiv. eKKoirreiv. v\d/cTei re yap vrTr£ oypveTO Kal TeTpdirowi eOei to> %etpe SpopLfp. /ecu airrffe tov ecpijftov ra. \d)Vio<i. 'Apicpi- 8ecvi Kpi'pnj ('(709. kvvI ecpacrav. Xdcrios " o) Aa/u. OVT &V TOV vogovvtos avTOV eTt " Xev/cbs ptaOeiv. fiovos yap 'laws avd pcinrwv ovre alSoloyv Seofiat ovre otvov. ' i(j)L(TTa. icp' 7/9 \o^ko) 140 . tiw 8e yrjv euvovXL^oov." €<pV> " ravra.aaicoraTO<i twv fiev uv0p(f)7ro)v (peiSopuevos. X wv tw voaovvTi S' avT& TpiaK. 09 eiceXeue Kal hyovaOac ri]v yrjv ical yu." e(prj. tmv kvvwv irdvTa." bdev 69 ddpaos rj 'Ywvia rfkOe irpeafievcracrOai irpbs tov f3ao~i\ea virep afjuireKoiv /cal 7rapaiTi']aaa6at.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.?) (pUTeveadai.ev 6 )"]/co)i>.epav e<. eirel pajSe eTriaxwv ovv. irapeXOoov e? tou? "Icovas 6 'A7roX" ra fiev irpoaTaypbaTa ov 7rpe>9 e/te.

him to me to the bank of the river." boldened the Ionians to send a deputation to the emperor in behalf of their vines. seems not aware that he is sparing mankind. But they dog had not been found. Then Apollonius " O reflected a moment and said Damis. for I. ^^ yards and vine- XLIII Here too is a story which they tell of him in mad dog had attacked a lad. XIJI1 A ma h J*} s °^ youth bitten dog manner. i i -j_i i ±. BOOK VI who was visiting the Ionians. nor could they learn from the patient what the dog was like. perhaps of mankind. and ran about in that chap. thirty And he had been ill in this way for come days. met him and ordered him to look dog which had done the harm. but at the same time is afraid of it. when Apollonius. alone Domitian'i .LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. for he is longing to drink the Bring water. who had recently to Tarsus. for he barked and howled and went on all four feet using his hands as such. while This witticism emhe eunuchises the earth. and ask for a repeal of the law which ordered the earth to be laid waste and not planted. remarked chap. result of the bite the lad behaved exactly like a dog. as big as an Amphilochian hound. rescripts do not concern me. and as a Tarsus. for he did not even know himself any more. where there are for the said that the : 141 . because the youth had been attacked outside the wall when he was practising with javelins. the dog is a white shaggy sheep-dog. require neither to beget my rescript kind nor to drink wine but our egregious sovereign Apollonius. " These : r» • • . and he is standing at a certain fountain trembling all over.

at rraXaiarpai.evo<i ru> rrorapiu) Bie/3r] oV avrov rfj ij/cev.Lvei. rov rrarepa 6 rrais KaX %vvr)Ke t.9 p. &)9 he //. kvvcov %vp." eA. ^vviels rov eppwaOai. <papp. ort inr ip.ov kciXolto. rrpoaeiire re rovs 7repico(p6i] Be rfkiicas KaX erne rov KvSvov. rov ecprjfiov re Xarri 6771/9 ^vvkyjov avro<$./3a. v77€kXl0tj to?9 COCTTTep TOV 'A. Motpat teal elrrcov S' eV avrco ravrd /3ov\ovrai. 142 . emard<i o^dy epeov^v re rcov ucpriKev. 6V 6/3 y/ciara irepl toi>9 \vrrcovra<. KaX rd vrrep reOvecorcov f) voaovvrcov. ovBe 6 kvcov.. Toiavra rov avSpos ra vrrep lepcov re KaX iToketov koX rd ?rpo9 BSj/jLovs KaX virep Bijficov. vBcop. rov Kvovov.pl errpdvve. KaX rd cora r-qv dvaKXdaa? eaeiae ovpdv." ravra etcekevae rov Kvva rreptXi^^aao-Oai ro Br/y/xa. \u6ol rovs ttoWovs fMeya " " rov iraiBa cnropprjrGv. 6 zeal rfj Oi fScO/XLOL TWy 6" rjfiepov re avrov eri /mdWov %e. rjv Oapaijcrrj avro \vrrcov.rjrpo<. KaX rd 777)09 ac(pov<. %v/jl(3ov\ov avrov dperrjs eiroiovvro.%0ei9 o kvcov vrrb rov Ad/ju&os. fieOecrryjKe [lev. dWa Ka/celvov 6 £' errel ev£dp.?.. e'9 rovrov rj TrjXecpov ^f%?) rov Mi/crow. a>9 e7recrrpd(pt] larpbs avrco rrdXiv 6 rpcoaas yevoiro. fiovov S' elirccv.atco7roo-ia yap \vrrrj<. rb evrevdev e<. re o'i KaX fii] crocpovs KaX rd 77/309 fiacriXeas.7ToWct)VLOV TTOOIV. 'ucerwv kXcliwv." ecpj-j.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.

and he folded back his ears and wagged his tail. . and then he stood the lad close by. tamed it by stroking it with his hand. . because he knew that he was all right again. and in behalf of those who were dead or who were sick and such were the harangues he delivered to wise and unwise alike. and began to bark. he said of Mysia has been transferred into this boy. Nor did his the sage neglect the dog either. and in order that the multitude might be cognisant " The soul of of so great a mystery. but after offering a prayer to the river he sent the dog across it and when the dog had crossed the river. BOOK VI the wrestling grounds. XLm and it crouched at the feet of Apollonius. and to the sovereigns who consulted him about moral virtue. holding him with his hand . merely telling him that it is I CHAP. if he has only the courage to take it. Such were the exploits of our sage in behalf of both temples and cities such were the discourses he delivered to the public or in behalf of different communities. crying out But he quite as a suppliant might do before an altar. for a draught of water cures a mad dog. and saluted his comrades as before. who call him. and drank of the waters of the Cydnus. .LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. M3 ." So Damis dragged the dog along. so that the agent of the wound might in turn be its physician and healer." And with these words he bade the doff lick the wound all round where he had bitten the boy. Telephus and the Fates impose the same things upon him as upon Telephus. a thing which mad dogs rarely do. After that the boy returned to his father and recognised : mother. he took his stand on the opposite bank.

.

. IT.BOOK VII VOL.

Kal ^uy^copo) ctkoirelv. d><. T£9 St" elvai 86£a<.a. Kal arpeftXwOels tous p-ev 146 . ervpavvevcre^epiecn^aav top dvBpa KaTrjyopiat. dvBptov Tvpcivvow. d^ta aocpwv epya. ou? Aop. tl p.oi BieXOelv irpb oTToaa 7T/30 ? d(p7]y>jaea)<. TvapaBeiKvveiv re xpt] <ydp ttov Takr]0e<. t)jv Nedp%ov tov Mfcroy Kara- Xvo)v TvpavviBa rjXw.ev eiiroov. eXatv piaWov tov Tvpavvov tovtcdv. avrd roi? WttoWuivlov OVTCti p-aareueiv. eariv dplari] /3advBpow <pi\oao<povvT(ov.?. Kal ypacpai.€Tiavb<. ottoos /xev dp^dpLevat Kal oiroQev Kal 6 tl eKaarrf 6vop. 6 Tt €/cacTTO<> irepov tjttov p. OlBa Kal ra? rvpavviBas. i] d\ovs avros. II cap.aWov dvijp eSo^ev.H' cap. Bokcl evpov 1 p. Be o5to9 BoKel dp^ai. iirel Be avdy/crj \e£ai. 8ia\eKTLKy<. ByXcoaco aurcKa. 6 \6yos Be pboi ^vvre'ivei e? roBe' Kara tou<? cravos -t) Xpovovs. II Tji'-jvwv p-ev toli'VV 6 'EXeaT?. dirifkOe t>}? Kplaeoi^.

who was the father of dialectic. when lie left the court after convicting the tyrant rather than being himself convicted. the several origins. . sources and counts of which I shall presently enlarge upon and as I shall be under the necessity of specifying the language which he used and the role which he assumed. . Apoiionius champions of Ubert y best way of finding out the truth. And my argument also urges me to consider the point for during the reign of Domitian Apoiionius was beset by accusations and writs of information. II Zexo then of Elea. 1 and am in favour of inquiring in what way one man . Superiority disp^ys more courage than another. is despotism the truest touchstone of their character.BOOK YII I am aware that the conduct of philosophers under chap. chap. 147 l 2 . and contrast them with For this I think is the the conduct of Apoiionius. so I must first of all enumerate all the feats of wise men in the presence of tyrants which I have found worthy of commemoration. was convicted of an attempt to overthrow the tyranny n ° of Nearchus the Mysian and being put to the rack |ie a nthe he refused to divulge the names of his accomplices.

6 {3e/3aioi. diredavev dr)Br)<. . o~Koirb<> <f)eiBol tov yap avrol? eXevdepias elvai. <£>vt(0Vos./3ato?.ik€\lo)to)v e\ev0epia? uycovd tj)<? avWafioov Be 'Prjylov Biavoia? ravrr)? Aicovi. 'Prjyivoi? S' iirio-reXXwv ravra &)? Kal o pev rvpavvo? evo? rcov pLi^av^pbd-Taiv dvdyjra? avrbv ^covra irpoaip/aye rot? rei^eaiv. o~o<f)co ra? Be 'A/caBrjp. eavTOv %vvcop<6Ta<.ev evdv \aipa>veia<. Biaf3a\cbv e7r' toutou? ov (3e- fiaLovs. Aioyevq? Be 6 ^ivcoirev? Kal KparTj? 6 @7. w? dXrjdeat Tat? atrial? dire- B eXevdepa rd ^Ivawv i'jyaye rrjv rvpavviBa rrj<i irepl eavrfj acpyjXa?. o Be efioa ftdXXeiv. KaWicrdevov? tov ^OXvvOiov eirl tt/s ovk olBev 09 avrrjs rjp-epas eiraiveo-as Te Kal Bia/3a\cov Ma/ceSoz^a?. irepl ott\oi<> tjkcov eireifkrj^ev virep 'Adrjvaicov <$?i\iinra) elvai (pdcTKcov. ijvvfjKe p. eiraivovvre? Te eyeveadijv koX ovtcos eXevdepw.ev iiri Aiovvaiov rov SiKeXia? rvpavvov. 'HpaKXeiBrj? dirwWv tov? virep eKelvcov 148 . Qvtcdv eKireaojv Karecpvye p.ev rov rvpavvov Kal on rov 'Vr/ylov i]\co. Bo^as.Lovs Biarpt/3d<. rj rov <pevyovra et/fo?. 'HparcXeiBrjs Be Kal TlvOfov ol KoTLif diroKreivavre? tov ©pa/ca veavia piev i')ari]v dpKpco. TI\dro)v Be virep (f)rjcriv 2. epcpi). Be . wv. 6 p. pei^ovwv Be d%ico6el<.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. dpaaOai. ti? to. ore fieyiaroi Bvvdpiei rjaav. fiij j3d\oiev ol 'Vifylvoi to p-rj^dvrjpM. aTrecria)7rr}<Tev s 01 B rjaav t&> &>? Tvpdvvw Qavov. ol fiev .

by tripping despotism up over itself. fled to Dionysius but being treated with more the tyrant of Sicily honour than an exile might expect. " the result that. And who does not know the story sth He on one and the of Callisthenes of Olynthus ? t same day delivered himself of a panegyric and of an attack upon the Macedonians. he was banished from Rhegium. he realized that and he the tyrant had designs also upon Rhegium informed the people there of this by letter. he effected the liberation of the And Mvsians. He. . Then there were Diogenes of Synope and Crates of Thebes." And Heraclides and Heraclides an } Python who slew Cotys the Thracian were both of them young men. imagining that the inhabitants of Rhegium Avould not shoot at the machine in order to spare Phyton. though asserting himself to be a descendant of Hercules he yet was destroying . ^ ^ 149 . and forward against the walls. who forthwith . on the ground that. and they embraced the discipline and life of the Academy. just at the time when they were at the acme of their power and they put him to death for exciting their displeasure. Plato ^ ?^ t( f to one of his siege engines alive. and associated himAnd Phyton. But he was caught doing so by the tyrant. cried out to them to shoot.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. wheras they loyal to the tyrant. said he fastened him then pushed it : am the target of your liberty. with to death on the assumption that his accuwere put sations were true. and made themselves wise and so free men. when self in this enterprise with Dion. for. how" I ever. BOOK VII though he accused of disloyalty those who were chap. Diogenes aud Crates of whom the former went direct to Chaeronea. and rebuked Philip for his treatment of the Athenians. Plato also declares that he took up the cause of the liberation of the people of Sicily.

IlXaolfiai. kiepwv (fiaivrjTai. are.aro 6 fxi] Tvpavi/ceivov vevovra 7rdvT(0<i e/3X7'j6rj.. Ill cap. t<5 6 \0709 Be ov %vyyu>pel Kal irpos Tavra IxrjKOS.dXXov rj id WOtprjcriv. ^aipovaiv. BovXovcrdai paBiov.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS ' cap. oirXa r/p/Jbivovs.1/ceXlas. (dpa/cas 1 yap Kal Vera . ov% ijTTU) ov tcaka ' ov/c ev Xoyw iraaw. p. KaraaKa^rei t<? ottXois la-^yaa^. apicna. tov . eXevdepovv Be ovBe yap ttj eXevdepia.ao"~6v.ai. T(ov Be d)9 fiev ov ao<pov tl eiraOe rd ev XitceXia Biop6ovfMevo<. ov /3e/3aioo<i 2. EXedrov epyov Kal fiev oi tov Kotw €V7]9e<. 0avfj. Kal Xeyono fiev av iroXXa TOiavra. To fiev to'ivvv tov . kclv dXX! a>9 rcov XiroXXoiviov. /lev rd P?77 lvov Aiovvaiov eroXp.. direKTOvoTe^. ovBkv eirpaTre. o-(p7)Xa<. ye dvdyKTjv d>S k^ovrL fj dvrenrelv. ovk alcr^pbv i)yovjievoL to BovXeveiv.. 7) &><? et/coTO)9 kirpddrj a<paXei<> re Kal ov Be Xeyw tov Bed r tovs Bva^epco<: 777509 d/cpocofievovs. el S' vtt diroOavcov av. Kal vtto 'P^ytVco/' olp. ovk av e<prj Ber/Oijvai irarplBo*. ovttu) d^iokoya. 6 8' dvotKieiv 0?//3a9 AXe^dvBpov BC avrov fjv <j)7]cravT0<.

. by BOOK VII force of arms those who had taken up arms in chap. and in any case he would have been put to death by him. Many more examples of this kind could be adduced. to criticise these examples. 151 . made was already tottering when Phyton of Rhegium his attempt against him. and chap. but only to show that they fall short of the in spite of their being the exploits of Apollonius. or that he was sold in all fairness when. for I fear to offend my But the despotic sway of Dionysius over readers. replied that he would never stand in need of a country or of a city. even if the people of that city had not shot their bolts at him his achievement. but my treatise does not allow me It is indeed incumbent upon me to prolong them. he found himself deceived. after deceiving others. I I imagine. they do not esteem slavery to be base. about the murder of Cotys there is nothing very ™ remarkable for as it is easy to enslave Thracians f zen so it is an act of folly to liberate them and Getae. m . I think. then. for indeed they do not appreciate freedom.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. when Alexander had declared that he would rebuild Thebes for his sake. will not say that Plato somewhat lacked wisdom of Plato. The other Crates. was by no means Sicily of rhyton. . " defence of the descendants of Hercules. which anyone could raze to the ground by mere force of arms. when he set himself to reform the affairs of Sicily rather than those of Athens. not in order to show that they were not as remarkable as they are universally famous. because. best of their kind. Ill About the conduct of Zeno of Elea then.

dXX vcf)' ti> OdXarrd re r)v /cal yrj irdaa. ov? BiafidWovra (paiveadai. 'AttoXXcovio? Be ov9^ inrep rrarpiBo? KtvBvvevovcri]? ovr Belaa?. KaWtaoevrjq be to bogat ica/cos ovo av vvv oicupvyoi. rraperrarev /cepBovs. ovre rov acopajo? drroyvov?. rj eirr]- veaev.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. e? vrra^Oel? Xoyov?. V7rep rr)s erepcov eXevOepias inrep t//9 BiefiaXev. Bicopdovro. 152 . ov? evopiaev erralvwv e^pr/v a£lov<. Bdvarov fiakXov ?/ rbv avrov 8ov\ela<.i]v wveiBil^e pev.i) eir Kpdrrj? Be (f)iXo7roXiBo? fiovXrj?. ?. ovO inrep Mucr&jz/ Teroyv. 77/569 eavrbv virep rov rwv dp^opevcov ravrrj ical ^pi]adp...eydXrj?.aprrjatptaiv. alriav av Xdj3ot 777909 dvBpb? y e'9 ^vvapapuevo? 'AXetjdvBpw rrj? rb dvoiKiaai rd? ®}j/3a? e^p^ro. e7reiBr) micpSi? ervpdvveve. teal aXXoy? o pev KaOiardpevo? e? to \oi8opeio~0ai rol? dyaOol? dvBpdatv ovk e^et drroBpavac to yu?) ou €7ratvoi<i Bo^ai fida/cavo?. /cat p.evo<i p. aipovpevos. 777369 rovrov. elpyaapiivoi? ov p. toi"? jap avrov? erraiveaa? real BiaftaXcov.ev rfj Btavoia Nepcova. Oevrwv Awyevij? Be rrpb Haipcoveias p.ev elirwv ravra rrpb? rbv QiAlttttov kolv ecfivXatje rov dvBpa icaOapbv rebv 8' iinard? 'Adijvaiov? brrXcov. 09 ?1PX e vijcrov puds «2'0?yTOf9 1 1 r) rj %copa? ov p. 6 Be rov? irovrjpov? KoXaKevoov avrb? drroio'erai rt)v alriav rwv dp. ovre irpb? dvBpa. oi <ydp kclkol /ta/aoi/9 erraivovpevoi.

And Diogenes. even to-day he cannot acquit himself of baseness. nor was he in despair of his own life. for in first commending and then attacking one and the same set of people. abuse good men can»ot escape the charge of beingenvious. he of Crates must needs incur the censure of every patriot for not seconding Alexander in his design of recolonising Thebes. *53 . nor was he championing the cause of Mysians or Getae. might have preserved him up arms against Athens but instead of doing so he waited till the harm was done. or he praised those whom he ought to have been openly Moreover a person who sets himself to attacking. penalty thenes. he either attacked those whom he felt to be worthy of praise. But Apollonius had not to fear for any country that was endangered. nor was he face to face with one who was only sovereign of a single island or of an inconsiderable country. nor was he reduced to silly and idle speeches. : BOOK VII lie only preferred to die in behalf of chai\ wonderful '" the liberty of others rather than to endure the death And as for Callis. . at a time when his tyranny was harsh and bitter and he took his stand against the tyrant in behalf of the welfare of the subjects. if he had addressed Philip in the way he of Diogenes. with the same spirit and purpose as he had taken his stand against Nero. while he who flatters the wicked by his own head very praises of them draws down upon his the guilt of their misdeeds.ofCallisof being himself a slave. for evil men are only rendered more evil when you praise them. did before the battle of Chaeronea instead of after from the guilt of taking it. but he confronted one who was master both of sea and land. when he could only reproach him.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. but not reform him. As for Crates. .

6 B\ 7rpb<i So<po/cXei 7re7roli]Tai rbv OcBlttovv o Teipeo-t'as virep eavTovXeyojv oi) yap ti crol £w BovXos..rpia<. 154 .ev epyw rj^iov r)K.ev e/cdXei 7rpb$ 777309 tovs Tvpdvrovs (pvXa/cTijpiov. ttjv he vvkto. to a-^iipa oi p. cpovwv (3ovXi) Be dp%eiv. twos t) av\i]TplBos /3loj0 . Tvpdvvwv Be •7rdvra<i. eTrel ofioae ^copwv. per) llyeiaOco 8' ovv rt? dffpo&oXicr/LLovs eicelva. Be rd<. 66ev rrjpidcrd)-) pev 1) Toy? evBoKipcordrovs.ev dWa irept ye Aop.a Ao|w. ^winf p. o>9 diro(3aX6vTe<. -ndvTfov p.eXT(iov eairepav. oi Be k'vioi S' e'9 to eptjfia At/3vr]<s Te koX XkvOick. ical t*9 dvacbveTai A0709 dXa^wv ivTctvOa.pw- iraveiv fSaaiXea. rd Be 6 tl oXocpupaLTO tls. aA. ? krepwv dyr\ vov /cal e9 to eixppal- eiXice. dX\d tov V>ivBikci eTrippuivvvs ri]v Ka\ tov TiyeWivov €K7r\/jTTQ)v aaOpoTepav rvpavviBa eiroiei.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS IV cap. tcov X070U9 direvexOrjvaL £vp/3ovXov$ wcnrep tw dpLapTrjpLdrcov. (piXocrocpi'a Be ovtco tl errTi^ev.€Tiavov ri <pi'io~ovaiv i)Bovd<.oeiBes dirofiapawovaas TraprjreiTO. pev e£ opydvcov re koX ktvttwv ids to Qvp. 09 to awpua epptoTo. o>9 ovBev yevvalov eTriBecrdai ^sipcovi '^aA.A.ev e'9 diroBpdvai a<p(bv es tyjv K. rr)V S' diriGTiav B/jpwv p.

and though a sovereign ought to rest from all hard work during the night.ii-i And tale that it required like Nero who led assail a man of a female harpist or But what. while others fled to the deserts of Libya and Scythia. but in that : 1 Ocdip. compose orations in which his crimes were palliated.. Tyr. But Apoiionius. to such an extent that some votaries disguised themselves by changing their dress and ran away to take refuge among the western Celts. 410 of Loxias/ '55 . IV Some may think that was a mere . philosophy was reduced to cowerof its ing in a corner. but merely under. and he abjured all those pleasures of music and song which wear away and soften down ferocity and he took pleasure in the sufferings of others and in any lamentations they uttered. who is represented by Sophocles as addressing to Oedipus the words For 'tis not in your slavery that I live. And he was in the habit of saying that distrust is the best safeguard of the people against their tyrants and of the tyrant he thought that against the multitude. about Domitian ? For he was vigorous in body. because he did not Courage of i j to close quarters with him. I would ask.Apoiionius . the terror with which he inspired Tigellinus. have they to say flautist. as well Nero there are certain braggarts here who foster the g^j* as no great courage to the life .LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. like Tiresias. come mined and bit of skirmishing. that while the Senate had all its most distinguished members cut off. BOOK VII his attitude towards Nero chap. and others again stooped to his despotism by his encouragement of Vindex. yet he deemed it the right season And the result was to begin murdering people in.

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a man who though still young and of distinguished rank among the consuls.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. was nevertheless very nervous about such matters. immortal. arms in hand. and when the governor of Asia was one of the audience. BOOK VII chose wisdom as his mistress. Applying to himthe verse of Tiresias and self. and that the very fact of their being And he also dreaded exposes them to defeat. after driving out despotism. and husband such intelligence as he saw discerned in many of them and he visited the provinces and in the name of philosophy he appealed to the governors. just as the finished the actor speech in which Euripides describes in his Iambics how tyra s after long growth of their power are destroyed by little causes. . of Sophocles. but only pitying the fate of others. he set himself to rally round him all the younger men of the Senate. v P t ife ino at Ephesus understands neither Euripides nor myself. and escaped scot free chap." 157 . as if it were an oracle. at which hymns are sung in honour of Harmodius and Aristogiton. pointing out to them that the strength of tyrants is not . and fearing nothing for himself. when thirty tyrants at once were overthrown and he also reminded them of the ancient history of the Romans. and of the sally that was made from Phyle. reminded them of the Panathenaic festival in Attica. And on an occasion when Ephesus and came forward in the play called the Ino. " But yonder coward Apollonius leapt up and said : a tragic actor visited chap. IV from paying tribute to Domitian. and of how they too had originally been a democracy.

evo<} T/36t? %covri<i 'P<y- €7T€lSt) TCOV 'RtTTldBcOV direKTeivev eir atria tj}? /cal tco p. "HXte. cov irdcra i) olKovpuevrj /.)) . ?}*> p. fjaOa. i) eva tcov eavTOv £vyy evcov.ficov. e<." VIII cap. tcov uBlkcov cpovcov. ' . xada- pevaai yd. tocnrep ol BeiXoi. Be 'IovXia yvvrj jiev fiLCt yv tov Trecpovevpbevov. Kai fiatCOV pyqv kcu \6yov . tcov Tltov OvyctTepcov.r] coBe avTco eirpaTeBo/cei apXTI Trpeireiv Nepoi/a?. " KaOapOe'ir]^. a>9 \afi7rpav rfj<.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS VI cap. /cdOapaiv eh] Aofieriavbs 'EcTTtaS 1 7re7roM]p.ev j.tearr) vvv. aAA' iv tco op-lXco kcu itctjpvTTe re Kal iju^ero. eTTLGTd<. Kat TeTO' p. "Ecpecro*. tou? ydpiovs. Be to is lepol<i 6 AttoWcovios " co " tcov irdXai AavaiBcov. 'lovXiav yyero. a? dyvcos Trjv to exel irvp Qepafreveiv eSei.yv teal to ev t{) 'Pcop. &>? fxia vv^T ecprj. irdvras VII CA y- 'Eire! Be Xaftlvov cnreKTOVcos. eOve p. Ao/xeTtavov Be dBeXcpiBf]. 'lXidBa K6rjvdv kcl\ "el yap ical crv" efo). dcpi/cofievov." /cal ovBe IBia ravra.eTa 158 .

but proclaimed his sentiments and aspirations amidst the crowd and before all. ^ HI as a proper candidate 159 . by exclaiming thou night of the Danaids of yore. following then is Nerva was regarded the history of his acts in chap. one of his own relations.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. VI notable a purification of the goddess Vesta of the Romans Domitian had carried out. Domitian . would worshipped in Rome. as a coward might. BOOK VII VI When moreover the news was brought how chap. how unique " : thou wast ! VIII The Rome. with Julia being one of the daughters of Titus. Ephesus was about to celebrate the marriage with sacrifice." Nor did he do all this in private. : VII On another occasion when after the murder chap. who was herself the wife J^™^ of the murdered man.• against i 11 their vows and incurred the pollution ot marriage. by putting to st^tes death three of the vestal virgins who had broken in public r . and Domitian's own niece. only " O Apollonius interrupted the rites. Domitian when it was their duty to minister in purity to the Athene of Ilium and to the fire which was i • "O Sun. he exclaimed that thou too couldst be purified of the unjust murders with which the whole world is just now filled. vu of Sabinus.u was about to marry Julia.

ftaBicrai Be %pr) e? tijv diroppi)Tov Xaparpov 'Pd)pn]v irapa rbv Beiva Kal Bia\e\6rjvai ol Kal • yeveadai 777)09 r?]V ireiOct) tou dvBpbs Trap 6 tc eVel Be ijKovcrev. r) rjv Be Kal irepl "Opcfurov re Kal Povcf>ov avri] Bb%a.. ol p.? Tot? e7rel tP]<. <pi]cra<. 7roWov<i yap twv ev Bvvdp. Aop.tw Trarpl Kal p^erd top irarepa ypyev. to9 p<ev Br) e7riaro\ip.a[ov<i ^vpfiovXias ov/c da(pa\els auTot? wero. ev oS o 160 ." evBeL%dp. Kal ovBev eycopijae a7r6pprjTOV totc oiKia. KaOelp^d^aav.vpv^." elirev dv. p-ev eyd>. dcpian] tovs dvBpas /ecu inrep a7rdvr(ov ekevOeplas eppcovvv. del ri virep aaxppoGvvr)<$ iweaTeWe rots dvBpdaL.ov . f3a<ri\ev(Ttv yprjaTOL^. tovtov<.ev y^povov.evoi ri eVi rbv rvpavvov. Aofieriai'bv o-axppovcos r ri\j/aro. okvw 6" eKirecrovTes o>v Btevoi]6rjaav. irotovpLai ere \ap. ^a\e7ro? fjv. top Nepova Be Trpoo-era^ev Tdpavra' cov Be eiriTijBeios avroTs 6 'A7ro\- p.ei Kal BovXot irpovBocrav Kal <pl\oi kuc yvvaiKes. BieXeyero pev virep Kal dvdyKrj<i irepl to vepLoq t/}? ^loipwv %p.r)<.ev e<? Aofi€Tiavb<> eirifiovXeveiv eavrw vijaovs ol/ceiv \(oi>lo<.enavov Be./3dv(i)v. twv Be aurov eraipeov rovs aaxppoveaTaTovi dWore dWov diro" " Biukovov. on (pevyocev opp.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. irpoairotoiv avrovs a. bv T1T09 6p.

II." " mentioning the party. while Nerva was commanded to live in Tarentum. and yet had from timidity abandoned their plans. ^Sona™ Domitian accused the two latter of intriguing ^ith against himself. for having displayed a tendency to revolt against the tyrant. on account of his cruelty. and the same opinion was entertained of Orphitus and of Rufus.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. being anxious to enlist them on the side of the sovereigns whose excellence of character he esteemed. Now Apollonius had been intimate with them all the time that Titus shared the throne with his father. he delivered a discourse on the subject of the Fates and of Destiny in the grove of Smyrna in which stands the statue of the river Meles. and you must hold converse with him and do the utmost I could do to win him But when he heard that they were banished over. : . for many of those who were in . M . power were betrayed by their own slaves and friends and womenkind. and also reigned after his father's death and he was in constant correspondence with them on the subject of self-control. Now it occurred to him that his epistles conveying advice to them were fraught with danger tu them. and they were confined in islands. BOOK VII for the throne which after Domitian's death he chap. 161 VOL. and there was not at the time any house that could keep a seci-et accordingly he would take now one and now another of the discreetest of " I have a his own companions. and say to them brilliant secret to entrust to you for you must betake yourself as my agent to Rome to so and so. vin occupied with so much wisdom." . and encouraged them to espouse the cause of the freedom of all. But he did his best to alienate them from Domitian.

FLAVICS PHILOSTRATUS IX cap. ride/jbevof Be 6 Tvpavvoi ev tov eavTov to i»9 avBpas' &)9 <£>o/3ov p.aprdvei<i Aloipcov avayKrj*}' yap fiera ae Tvpavvevcrai ireirpwTai. X cap. go &>9 iroXv Eiap." ravra e*9 Aop. elirev. ^aX/cr)? re el/covo? IBpv777)09 Aofxeriavov toi>9 tw " 'SUXjjti. Atavoovp. etc tov Xoyov on firjO Tvpavvoi ra Motown lievrjs oIol /3id£eo~0ai. i) twv 777)09 avrovs yap d(pi/cop. Eiow? Bitjei Be tov Nepovav teal &>9 avriica oi Br) ap^oi. 00? /xdXXov rjBr) aTroXeiaOai o~(f)d<. fxevov<i Kal vivo tov kowohvov t//9 KaTe-^n]<picr- atTi'a9.eTiavov acpi/cero £k BiafioXcov lLv<ppdrov. ov&els £vviei.X\ eaXcoKoras." /cal irapovra^. eicdXei tov AttoX- Xcovtov diroXoyt]cr6fievov virep diropp^Tcov.ev tojv dvBpcov e^prjap-ipBei avrd.evov Be avTov TavTa Kal ypd(f)Oi>To<. eTno~Tpe-tyas e? avryv " avorjTe. d.6PO<i ovBe d/ipLTOv? direKTOvevai Bo^eiv.ei>ov Kara^n)(pLadp.)) MppLi-jaev dirotCTelvai Be h^w Xoyov irpaTTOiv avrb (pairoiTo. rj ev e/ceii ro el aocpiq tlvI tov cpavepov vire^eXOoi. koX virep otov p. &>9 £vXXi)<pelt) 162 . dva/3i(oa€Tai. yByj 777)09 tov t/}9 'Acria? dp^ovTa. tovtov kc\v airoKT€LV>}<i.

LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. Moved by these considerations Domitian had chap. then the fate of the others would all the more certainly be sealed. he could get a sentence pro. But in order that he might seem to have an excuse for doing so. he said " Thou fool. IX BOOK VII being aware that Nerva would before long be. and though no one knew to which of the personages above mentioned this oracle applied." This saying was reported to Domitian by the malevolence of Euphrates. how much art thou mistaken in thy views of Destiny and Fate. yet the despot in order to allay his fears determined to put them to death. he shall come to life again. directing 163 m 2 . because sentence would have been passed on them by their And come sovereign. he summoned Apollonius Domitian before him to defend himself on the charge of ApoUonius For he con. and directing the attention of his audience *^ t™ to the brazen statue of Domitian which had been Fatea erected close by that of Meles. went on to explain in his oration IX His that not even tyrants are able to force the hand of discourse yrn* destiny.charge of nounced against him. sidered that if he came. For even if thou shouldst slay the man who is fated to be despot after thyself. and so avoid the imputation of rebellion having put people to death without trial.to clear holding secret relations with them. if the latter by some ruse avoided an open trial. he - : own accomplice. seeing that they would have been convicted through Apollonius^ or in the alternative case.chap. x already written to the governor of Asia.

ev co Xeyerai /cal 'OBvacrevs Ka\v\Jrci %vva)v e/cXaOeaOat /carrvov 'lda/aiaiov Ai]pL7Jrpio<. 'loXecov )'iyovpiai rcov acov vrj vovv." " eiire." 164 . errel tto\v dirb rfj<.. Bta\eycop.r)tco.r] cpiXoaocpcov. a enre. " deol. Traparvy^averco Be real Adpus. 77/309 Be rov<. Pojp.rrralo<." 7repif3a\cov B' avrbv a> 6 /cal ri /cal eTreu^^fi/jcras.e6a Be /z?) ov fibvwv rjficov 1) ^vvovaia ecrrai. ^vvlei fiev avrov e^ecmi kotos Biarptj3f)s ra Be eve/ca. iarfK0ev AfidpcBos rov dp-^aiov Bb^a. bv eya>. rpv- epeovra teal rrj<s evBai'/xovos 'IraXlas. Birj- rdro. rat 'HXi'm irepl jxearjp.fSpcav oirbcra elwdei Bpdaas. ovBe rov e/xavrov olBa. tl. " ei\i}(pd rvpdvvco. rvywv Be ovplov eavrov vovv e/ccpy]va<i. diropptjrov.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATTS cap.7]<. re /cal ava^deit]. dcpfj/cev e? rb ^. e'9 KopwOov Be eVf/Sa? /cal TTvev/jLaroi irekayos dcpl/cero /ir}rpi(p Be nvos evpotas vrroBpapLOva^s rb e'9 AiKaiap^lav rre/j.' e<pi]. irpoelBe fiev 6 /movlcos re zeal eliroiv Tvavevs rrdvra Baieraipovs toi>9 fiev warrep BelaOai d7roBrj/j. to p.. a\V l'cop. teal oI'kov.aKopid)rarov ol/covvra." " ri ireiaerai cpi\ocro<pia /civBvvevovcra Trepl Kivovvevet be. Ai]evrvywv. /cal on is roiovSe re a>pfj. ae.ca earrepa. avopi TOtovrcp.i/ceXwv /cal 'IraXcov Wvos a/. el Bi) evBalficov. 09 eBb/cei Oapaa\ecoraros rwv /cat /j.l. " <ye.ev cW\a)v. 7rpoeiBcos ij/ceis' el yap rov gov ayvow evravda. rbv 'Hpa/c\ea. ecpr). 6 Be ovBe ra> AdfiiBc rov 'Anatoli? %vv avrw eiiKei.ia<i elcadet.

" Thereupon Demetrius embraced him and after sundry "O ye gods. : : I am inclined to consider an Iolaus of your labours. But let us not conduct our conversation here. with a favourable wind and a good current that ran' in his direction. and let only Damis be present whom. Apollonius however. simply because he did not live far away from Rome. and having landed at Corinth and worshipped the Sun about midday. a foreknowledge of which brought you here. "for if I do not know what is in your mind. here where Odysseus is said to have forgotten in the company of Calypso the smoke of his Ithacan home. by Hercules. surely. x Rome. he reached Dicaearchia on the filth There he met Demetrius who passed for being Meet> with day. if indeed she be happy. but let us retire where Ave can talk together alone. dwelling here in the most you blessed part of happy Italy.LIFE OF APOLLOXIUS." said the other. set sail in his company for Achaea. told his forestalls' through summons companions that he needed to depart on a mysand they were reminded of the out for terious voyage Rome opinion enunciated by Abaris of old. the BOOK VII man of Tyana to be arrested and brought to chap. Dc the boldest of the philosophers. without revealing his intention even to Damis." 165 . what will come pious ejaculations said if she risks the loss of such a man upon philosophy. when the latter foreseeing in his usual way 3 a divine instinct what was coming. he " I have said by way of amusing himself caught in your luxury. then I do not know what is in my own. " " And what risks does she run ? " asked as yourself ? " Those he. embarked in And falling in the evening for Sicily and Italy. and felt that he was intent upon some such scheme. with his usual rites. and knowing that he was really to get out of the way of the tyrant. .

aXV ra evSec- on i)p. ovk e? rb (pavepbv \7]6el<i avrbv. eirayyeXias.ev rerriye<. $ia/3a\tov aura elra" elrre. ev coSais rjaav. oocnrep Sijftocria Keifievov vojiiov p. a\V eyKXr/fxa MeTi^rou aocpia evpr/rai. Kal are){V(0<. &v (pdovov e? ravrl ra re Kal ^lovawv e'</)' v/xcbv 'AttoWcovios ifvUei S' fiev ravra. dva- Se es avrov<i 6 " &i]f/.. ecrn Se rovro 7rpo? t&) aarei. tov Kal biKaios Kal tjvviels p. enroov ravra e? to LS.a<. ravra fxev eirrov. crcxpoi.a? e? oiKas ?. " dpyorepa " rerrlywv fiovhirjeis &>? aAA' evravBa " e</>?. irri^as. viro- yjra\\ova7]<i /3Xe-vl>-a? avrovs ttj<. yacrrpo<.iv i) rbvrocs Se dvelrai avrwv fxovcrela." (pj)o-Li>.ifcepcoi>o<. avpa<. otapoAa? vira^(6 elaav. 1 ''A ^ ' v ' v " *• ' ify]crdvT(op Se vrrb rrXardvrp ol p. 6ie\0elv erraivov. cb<> w fiaKapioi" " ecpy].. re Kpeirrovs eTrohjaav Kal dvwiciaav dvdpwireiov 6\j3ioi rrjv o Se SevSpa. croipbs 166 .ev OeoiV.. i)p.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS XI PAP °^j S TS" Ayet be avrov<. e</>' evbaipbovlav aSere.i)Tpio<>. (oot]V apa Alovcrai rov /x?)7rco ebioa^dv re u/z." ol relvei rfj<. ov8e ypv^at o~vyyvdifiri.rj6eva irraivelv rerrtya<. %vinet<." " oi>% vwep eiraivov" Kvvfxevo<i. Kal ?. rov TraXaiov ywpiov. ypacf)}) ' biafyOeipwv robs veovs Kal Sai/uovta Kaiva itreaddbiKei 6 belva be ovrcoal ypdcpovrac <ya>p. ftev 'Avvrov Kal " " dSiKei Sa)Kpdrr)s.

but of signifying that while J^phiw' they are left unmolested in their concert halls. pi^rs even to mutter. and with a wide terms these : a as new religion. XI BOOK VII these words. Apollonius understood the drift of this apostrophe. for wisdom has Ave are not allowed been rendered a penal offence. it would seem then that the Muses have taught you a song which is neither actionable. Demetrius led them to the chap. "not by Domitian's hoppers. the grasshoppers were chirping to the soft music vlUa of the summer's breeze. and settled vou far above all human envy to live in these trees. you could not do it openly.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. when Demetrius glancing "O ye blessed insects and up at them. but come cowering hither. nor likely to be informed against and they made you superior to all wants of the belly." of praising them. as if there were a public law against anyone praising the grass- Now "I said what I did. we are indicted such 167 . but it jarred upon him as inconsistent with the strenuous professions of his friend. the praises of the grasshoppers." With villa in r : . And whereas the indictment of Anytus and Meletus ran Socrates 1 way : commits ducing: wrong in corrupting youth and in intro- So and so commits wrong by wise and just and gifted with understanding being of the gods no less than of men. remarked unfeignedly wise. XI which Cicero lived of old. "It seems " that. on which you sit and sing in your blessedness about your own and the Muses' prerogative of happiness." he replied. though you only wanted to sing then." he said. and it is close hy the There they sat down under a plane tree where at Cicero's city.

/cariyyopia eVi p.c em \ 5 « / t?7 pteyiaT]] ye. k(pi]. pow. iroXXd elBcoq. cf)i]al 7j 6 09. roaovTfp. " twv vvv alrtwv. cj)iX6cro(f)OV. iirl Botcei tw Bicokovti- yap axnov^ tijv dp^yv " ryv toi'9 ainov dvBpas " t(pi]. ae Be e^oppfjaat (tpxv €9 Tavra o)9 iralBa.vrtKf]<. av c7 . " ov iralBa toOto.FLAVIDS PHILOSTRATUS cap. (piXo- to (pevyeiv ao(f>iav irdaav. Be avOpcoTrwv.Ca 'irdvras." eppaiov" etirev. Tepovra. &)9 " vir evvovyov " ">) KaraXvOeu]. &>9 . f 5 \ « 55 eiu T(p. (paal f)v Overall inrep pa. o KeKi'jpvKTat." CO ti 0I9 cpev5 5 " g"> . Xeyeis 09 yap rrov rbv . ev af. barp irep rjptcov aocpcoTaros. irpoaicetrat Be rfj ypa(pfi Kal nrepl «/x7re^oz^9 Kal Bialry? Kal rb eartv ixji cov rrpoaKVvelaOai euLoi ere. oipat. eVi ^\epcoi>os ev vtvc'itoi^ yp^ev. Kal ol %vv avreo epevyovai. vopwv t€ ere trept. ) ra veapd tcov aTrXdy^- vwv (patvet. at to?9 eV o'ta yap rvpavvtBes VTroirrbrepat atria.€Ttavb i ( aoepcorepa evpyrat' fiovXeTat yap ae Aoe'e^' Ne/jo^a? re 55 *? pere^eiv reov eyKXypdrcov. tt/309 toi'9 av vvv yv e'9 koivov uoai Xoyov TeXealvos Be Kal t&> vvv e'9 Kypvypart vire^pXOev. derTraerdpevos ptdXXov to C09 V7raro<i phew." kept]." 6". re Kal erol ravrl yap TeXeatvov ijkovov dvBpbs " eTrtTrjBelov." " eKelvov ptev ovv" " £<j>i]. •rrrjhtovras ypTj/cevai. " el TeXeer[v(p evrev^bpeOa. Xeyco." C09 epiXoaoepos y "pyj klv- 168 . avKoefcavrovpeOa. ^vyyevoto o av avreo r'tva rpoTrov.

from our Telesinus." any risks "The p 169 . should they find him holding communication with people who lie under such an accusation as you do." he replied. moreover. a boy. and wiser than much the more cleverly is the for Domitian indictment against you drawn up intends to implicate you in the charges for which Nerva and his associates are banished. because he preferred to be in exile as a philosopher. . And Telesinus. knowledge far BOOK VII so chap. XI of the laws." "What." "But for " what crime. " What luck/' exclaimed Apoiionius. so are cleverer : The charges Apoiionius caught these persons in the act of trying to usurp his throne. I think." . "but how are you For despots are doubly to come across him ? suspicious of any man of rank. as if it were " bv an eunuch that I want his empire overthrown ? " It is not that. and the fact of your being an object This then is what I have heard of worship to some." he said.LIFE OF APOLLOXIUS. gave way quietly before the edict which has lately been issued against philosophers of every kind." said Apoiionius. "if : we could Telesinus 8"1 meet Telesinus sopher who Nero. "are they banished ? " For what is reckoned the persecutor to be the by He says that he has greatest of latter-day crimes. forth as you the rest of us. And as for yourself.^endUy held consular rank in the reign of to phiiosofor I same. to remaining in Rome as a " I would not have him run consul." suppose you mean the philo. and accuses you of instigating their attempt by mutilating. "of which we are falsely accused but they declare that you sacrificed a boy to divine the secrets of futurity which are to be learned from an inspection of youthful entrails and in the indictment your dress and manner of life are also impugned. no less your intimate than mine.

avev 01/079 airo\oyoL[n}Vy d/cpoacropevos rj dKpoaa6[ievo<. " 'A\V eKeivo fiot. i}Kei 7} Tot? iroXiv eXevOepovvTa dirodavelv rj yovevcri eavrou Kal iraiai /cal dheXcfyols /cal rf] dXXrj %vyy eveia vt^6p. to o p. iKav(o<. XII cap. ^}he." cov av vav. ei wairep (pacrl tov aol fieTewpo? Tpo^ov Kvd[LTTTOLTO. aSi/covvra.7ro\i}[ievoi aiperwrepoi aocpoh e£ epwTO?. <po/3ela6at \eyiqy. Tt? eoiKa^e.. ei ovk av.vvovra rj inrep (piXcov dyco- ^vyyeveias dvhpdaiv ot i)p. i^i}pr\Tpie.avrou " e</». elire. yap virep 0tXocro</)ia? Kivhvvevei. airoKrevCov he Kal /jlij epoiy ovtco o~o(p(. oi rj dp. cro<f)U) diroQavelv Kal irapaaxelv repov eVl rj ru> rvpdvvcp tis. 7roXX(p fiapv'Ji^iova. SvveveTco. " 6 dvi}p e'/zouye eveica. Xoyov. el <px 0v o av 1 airohpas airecpa^.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap." elirev.ey&>i> ?} Tt irpuTTcov ev " " irai^wv" [if} <po/3ov . . 7rpocr7}KovTO'i' <pi\oo-o<pla Be.?7o . to Se /x>) 8" eV dXr}0eai K€KO[L^jrev[ievoi<. dijaeaOac tov ep.a ti}V /ecu o Avi}/u. he. ovk av [Lev. olpai 17° . kclv el yap tov cf>o/3epd ravra. e(pr}.evov. eyco etavovveve . a t)yov hehias. 86%ai. rt hoKO) aoi A. inrep et avrwv irepi enrev. dym>o<.a ovv ^vve^oip^aa^ teal eXeaOat nroTe yfrv^pov (pc\oirpoo-- dvhpairohcohi} Odvarov dvrl tov oXpxti.

" would you run away." I swear by Athene. " nor pretend to be afraid of what you do not dread for if you really thought these accusations dangerous. rather than one which befits a philosopher. what do you think chap. " for the chap XI he runs in behalf of philosophy are serious enough. . Demetrius. had better say or do in order to allay my own " You had better not said the fears ?" I trifle. and if I did offer a defence. care to see me choose so coldblooded and slavish a death as that." said Apollonius. I suppose. on my risks XII " But tell me this. no one would even listen to me or if I were listened to. And I imagine it behoves a philosopher to die in the attempt either to liberate .LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. would not." said Apollonius. and to furnish the tyrant with a pretext for being considered wise. as they say Ixion was. you would have been away by now and evaded the " And necessity of defending yourself from them. who in the eyes of the wise are more precious than mere kinsfolk or for favourites that have been purchased by love. his city or to protect his parents and children and brothers and other kinsfolk. BOOK VII account anyhow. but for fancy ones. is much worse and more grievous than to be bowed and bent high in the sky on a wheel." other. But to be put to death not for true reasons." placed in the same danger as myself? he replied. if there were some one to judge me. But it seems to me the very fact of your coming 171 . but in fact there is no fair trial. "if you were " "I would not. I should be slain all the more You certainly because I was known to be innocent. or to die struggling for his friends.

t(po<i tV (poi'wv e^iavrbv e\Kovra Bid. apgeiv avro to iiKeiv evravda. irpo<.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. 172 . 1) a\V el^e tl pao-T(ovi]<i exeiva' Ne/xura yap iciOdpa tov fiev 7rpoacj)6pov /3aai\eiq a%i)p. r\]v ouS' d/crjKOOTa ttw. aiTiov B rjv rod p.ev ev<pa>via.evrj<. Kal to. /cal opa. ou? eirl tw j3a\avei(p Birfkdov.r) diroicrelvaL to ttjv ev<pa)v[av avrw e7riBovvai rore p. rcov eirl Be e/c\eA. ovitw o ijpiepai oe/ca. ae o &>? acpi^uat Kptdijcrrj. a>? weTo. aroirov. ae yKrj. t?)<? eipap/u.aTo<. av rjvayfcao~/jLevo<. robs aovs re Kap. tovto Kal yap ra> t>}<? tw fxr] av dapprjaai rrjv Bevpo 6B6v. olo~6d irov Tovpibv Kal otl eyco dve\ev6epo<i irpbs ddvarov.?.crat fiij Nepcovos. (3ov\ofAevi]<. vovv rrj Karr\yopia Bcoaei.. to yap koXovvtos puev. rjye yap Tivas direl^ero iro\- Xa/a? avrijv eKe^etp[a<. ra Be aXXa ovk Be ifie dr)B5>s "]pp^0TTev. yvcofirjs av fiev vyiaivovTi 7rpoaTL0rj<.e\wBia<i Xa/xirpd^ ayfraaOai. e86/cei e/c/cpoveiv. Ao/xeriavoo Be ov So£et?. tIvl Be KiOdpa Qvaofxev . vvvl Be rivi p. Kal twv yovv ovk direKreive kuitol rb !.ov \6yovs. ovk el et8&>? &>? aofpeop. icplaiv w? <paai. eirl virep &v ev /cat S' 'Icovia 8i€i\£x6ac to ae (paaiv. fir] ra Trepl Mot o«i> ( icai dvayKrjs. dX)C cnropprjTov Tiva lavvv eywv Opaaewi eppcoadai.tj repov del to <pv\aTrea9ac. TrpoytyvcoaKcov yap av (palvoto Kal 6 X0709 6 irepl rod TraiBbs la^vaec. el tl rjhiiceis. ^oopf}? eV 'avro.

you will remember my own case. VII here will be the beginning of your trial for though chap. you are not marching straight to meet it with your hands tied. ten days. and the story about the boy will gain . just because you won't see that discretion is the better part of valour. for everyone will think that you foreknew the event. for he was often induced thereby to grant a truce to his victims. 173 . and he achieved. credit therefrom ? And take care that the discourse which they say you delivered about the Fates and Necessity in Ionia does not come true of yourself. that. But then one gained some respite for although Nero's harp was ill attuned to the dignity that befits a king. But where's the royal his . Domitian will danger for credit you with nothing of the kind but will merely and exhorts believe that you ventured on so hardy a course him to fleo becauseyou possess some mysterious power.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. have not elapsed since you were cited to appear. Will not that be tantamount to justifying the accusation. they say. which were delivered against the bath and the reason why he did not slay me was that just then his voice improved. yet in other ways its music harmonised his mood not unpleasantly with ours. At any rate he did not slay me. and you turn up at the court. a very brilliant melody. And if you have not forgotten the affairs of Nero's reign. in case destiny has some cruelty in store. as he thought. and clashed therewith. although I attracted and : my sword to myself as much by your discourses as by own. BOOK . without even having heard as yet that you were to undergo a trial. xu you may attribute your journey hither to your quiet US conscience. and stay his murderous hand. and that I showed no coward's dread of death. and to the fact that you would have never p£X*ts ventured upon it if you were guilty. For think.

'icr^ei avTov. epov yap apiKpos A. ?. al yap TvpavvlBe<. r/v eiraivovvras aiaOoyvrai t. yap KaKelvovs Trelaeis. eavTov oBe ovr av UcvBapos eiraivosv rr/v \vpav (pycrlv. tJttov ^aXeiral to?? tpavepols rwv avBpm>.€vo<. fiovXevrea Be aoi TrpoaairoXels elircav. dpovaa yap v(f) /ecu fieara %o\% ixf iravra.FLAV1US PHILOSTRATUS cap." (plXos dvBpl irapcov yevoio av dyaOov el ri tovtu> peya. Kal out av erepaiv deXj^deiy.?iv. al o° £' ev6u ZapBovs. " dXXa av ye. a! 8' e? o° e? QoiviKrjv Kal Kv7rpov.0709. evravOa. Kal crrecpavcov Bypoata Toil? vLKuyvras. elalv.pids €7ri/3dvri Kopi^eaOai Kpdriarov e'9 otiBtj tcov edvoiv tovtwv. &>9 Kal rbv rod 'Apeo? Ovpbv deXyei KaX tcov iroXepLKWV tcairoi Kairoi povatKijv dycovlav KaTa<TT>]crup. dpaavs acorypta Si aoi irapa iroBa' twv yap vewv tovtcov.ovcrtKyv dywvlav avXtfaavrdj re Kal virep ro)v rj Kal aaavras. al virep SapBco. " eepi]." to pi) iv (pavepS) XIII cap. AiyvTTTov.#et9 S' 6 Adpis twv rov Aypyrplov \6ycov. TroXXal B\ &>9 86£a$ y a py bpa<i. (pacri p. pi] £vp/3ov\evoipi avrw Kv/Biardv e'9 6p6d ^i<pi] t 174 . 'HTT>. ecrriv ovs Kal direKretvev avroov. ovrocrl Be. varard dvBpwv. al aoi al pev e? Aif3w]v d(pi')aovaiv.

some about to sail for Libya. nevertheless slew several of the people who. although he has established a musical contest in Rome. XIIT " Demeti'ius that he exclaimed Well. for the hand of tyranny if it is less heavy upon dis- perceives that they only desire to live quietly and not put themselves forward. piped and sang in his last musical contest. And } ou should also consider our friends and their safety. others for Phoenicia and Cyprus. . It were best for you to embark on one of these. others still for places beyond Sardinia. and offers a public crown for those who win therein. I am °f Damis great service to my master here. BOOK VII nightingale." tinguished men. that it charms the savage breast of Ares. in praise of the lyre. nor expose himself to : 175 . you anyhow are a friend and by your presence you can do a very h'^lVnT As for me. and this tyrant is as little likely to be charmed by himIt is true that Pindar says self. XIII Damis was so impressed by the arguments of chap. and stays his hand from war but this ruler. and if I advised him not to throw somersaults upon naked swords. or use arguments which will not be listened to. others for Egypt. so I hear. For the outlook xn to-day make our peace offerings ? of to-day is unredeemed by music. others direct T . and betake yourself to one or another of these provinces . But your life lies within your reach for here are ships. as by other people.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. of little account. to Sardinia. if you make a show of being brave. and full of spleen. for you will certainly ruin them as well as yourself. you see how many there are. and -where the harp to which we can chap.

el Be epoio p. virep orov. ypacpal at ptev evdev. ecrr/j^ei rpoiraiov o-<pa\eLo~7]<. puev e/civBvvevov. virep cov oioa. eyco tov ir\ov /co\irov<.e. yap e'tKacrpLai aTparicorov yevvaiov. oti ToicpBe eiroptai. 6 eveBco/ce Xe^ai tl. S' dirfj\0e 176 . el S' Be ai earac n?. /caraye\acrTo<. el^ov ^ av irpb<i rov<. eirop. eyco o &)? AitoWcovlos piev davdrov ipa.ai fiev yap avrco Oclttov rj ec*>' i) eavrrp Tt<?.ev yap eyco diro$dvoipa. o avTepa<TT7]<.erp6)v. epco- tmvtcis Xeyetv. ^vvervyov. eviropoi TvpavviBes ia p. ovBe tov vovv iylyvcoatcov. 09 diro/erepel tovtov.evovs. eirei ovoev oloci.cov /cal e^upai.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.ov i)br\ heyeiv./ee\i/cd puev ireXdyy /calTvppijvovs elBco<. &>? piev S' tis eyeXaae /ca6airTop. ep.ev ptev %vv9elvcu.i] repa evopioQ)}. Ae£ co be avro virep tov dvBpu'i' el p. dvai/c p. ov/e 7rpopp/]creco<> Be. ttjs rjs ov ^aXeiroyel p. 7roi irXeco 6 ri. \uyov d^iovptevos. ovirco Beivd cricevocpopcp cpiXoaocpia irelcrerai. yLi^S' dvappiirrelv irpbs rvpavviBa. ^vpurXeco.epov ttJs TvpavviBos. al Be e/ceWev eirl tow? WiroWcovlo) £vyy evop.rcH. zeal el 1*t. (rot yovv 6Bov t>}9 evravOa. oipaitco Kara dpiara irepl (pi\oao<p/]<TavTi. ra Be cpiXoaocpia? dvdpcoircov i)p. 6 8' eirep- pcoae Xeyovra. iroWol 8' Be "Avvtoi rcaO' Me\?.

a third of having suggested topic to talk about. not met you. than another man would follow himself. For if I were put to death. deemed harsher. such as were Anytus and Meletus. and if you asked me where I am bound or for what. and tyrants find it easy to contrive plots and to remove obstacles from their path. II. But if someone is going to be set on to slay him. that Apollonius was courting death. I could then say to those who asked me the question. and that I was accompanying him on board ship because I was his rival in his passion. it's time for me to speak of what I do know and I will say it in the interests of my master. from encouraged him to to him a talk.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. it would not do much harm to philosophy. more blindly. for I am like the esquire of some distinguished soldier. he would not listen to me. then I think a regular trophy will have been . and am only entitled to consideration because I am of his suite. than whom none were ever yet chap. And if only I were courting these dangers after I had received open warning. without knowing in the least why I took ship. writs of information will be scattered . N . But as I know nothing of this matter. I should merely excite your laughter by telling you that I was traversing the seas of Sicily and the bays of Etruria. raised over the defeat of philosophy in the person of the noblest of her human representatives and as there are many people lurking in our path. BOOK VII risks with tyrants. all quarters at once against the companions of Apollonius one will be accused of having laughed when his master attacked tyranny. what he meant by his journey hither follow him more readily. if for I As I a ' had . matter of fact I should never have known. a fourth of having left 177 VOL. another of having .

iraidt/cwv to o° virep tjvyyevela? rj <pt\a)L> y Kal (fivcris dvdpcoirovs wpiae. Be diravras fiev (pvcris 178 . re Kal \ito\- Kwviov epa. a\i)6es e<paivero.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. 6 avrjp diroOp7]aKe~co fiev virep &v diroddvot 8 av Tt? virep tovtcov Kal p. Waavpios yap ov ra<. virep tepcbv Kai Tetyoiv Kal rdcpcop.os." " efo]. a>f Kal M?/3oi? irpo(TGLKi]aa<i. XIV cai\ IT/3o<> ravra o AiroX\unno<.i] ctg>(£o9. el rt Kal dirdyeiv e%p?)v puXXov ti i) eaco rov (po/3eia6at crocpbs rov pi]& iraQelv ei/co? SeSwra. " Adp.ev virep roiv TrapovTwv euXa/Sco? hteckeypevip ^vyyi'wjxyv. to yap virep eXevOepias diroOvy'ja/ceiv vopro irpoa- reraKTai. eliras. KadicrTtivai tjv (pofiovs viroTiOeis.. irpocnj/cei e%eiv. a>9 Ce diro\ea6ai d>i\oao(piav . ovhev virep ekevOepias ev6vp. p*i'/~e iyu> diroQdvoipi pn]ie 6gtc<? e/ceivr)<.ev p. rvpavvLhas irpo- (TKUvovaiv.elrai p-eya.i8i p. av o° ovk otS' 6 ti irpbs d>i\ocro(f)iav diroXoyijarj. £vp iirciLVG) wv ijKovaev. Kal <pvai<? SovXovTat vop. S)v. iyco o"' diroOvrjcrKeiv &)? pev V7rep (pi\oao(pLa$ ovto) <j>r}fu Seiv. virep acorypia^ yap tmv Toiwi'oe iroWoi Kal ovopaarol avSpe? dirodavelv rjG7rd£ovTO.

179 N 2 . indeed have a wise man sacrifice his life for the objects you have mentioned. are worshipped. who loves philosophy and loves Apollonius. one's own walls. and where . I on his lips for what he chap. from which. XIiI admit that one ought to die in the ...LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. how you but as for yourself. and that no one else either may die for such an object . . but any man without being wise would equally die for them for it is an obligation of law that we should die in behalf of our freedom. cause of philosophy in the sense of dying for one's for temples. of law the willing slaves of nature. and one's sepulchres there are many famous heroes who have embraced death in order to save and protect such interests as those but I pray that neither I myself may die in order to bring about the ruin of philosophy. Demetrius . BOOK VII his lecture-room with praise had heard.. where tyrants. you ought to try to wean him instead of doing so you try to plunge into terror a man who is only too I would inclined to tremble at imaginary dangers.. and an injunction of nature that we should die in behalf of our kinsfolk or of our friends or Now all men are the slaves of nature and darlings. ." XIV Apollonius answered thus: "We must make chap. as the unwilling . no one entertains aforhis . I do not cowardice can defend yourself at the bar of philo- sophy from the charge of trumping up fears. . lofty ideal of freedom see .. even if there were really any reason for them. XIV allowance for the very timid remarks which Damis a for he is a Syrian has made about the situation f££o°™ lates with and lives on the border of Media.

e/covTas. oiha he Q)v oiha rd ptev airovhaiots.. virep tovtcov. he Kivhvvevcov irepl rots dvhpdaiv. ltco ovhe e? ortovv irepte\a yjrevhos.i]V. S' p. he a/covTa?JV1 V aod>oi<. rvpdvvots he i']KO). avrot virb re teal dpdaovs ep.. fcade^ei he. biroaa olhe. he ptrj ov irpohbn]<. &)? Itw he TreXetcw. &v p. ovh? diroddvotpt av virb rrjs Tvpavvthos. rd he aotpots. ^WT€Kovcr7]<. ovhev.at' Tvpavvthwv diroKie'tvovatv.e el/coTco?. a>? he ov% irepl e^eaTtv eyoo yap pev tm epavrov acopari Ktvhvvevw ovhev. ti? S' e'9 ovk av direKretve avhpas. a irapd rtov dewv fjrovv. r\Qy\ at ptev yap uKptrovs at vira^Oevras hi/cacn] plots. vopo<. pa>pL7]<. eipl irdv 6 rt fiovkerat. rd he deots. Tt9 i) fipahvvwv i) dv rots airovhatots eho£a (S\a>cevcov irpbs . &)? irat^ovra .e dpyfo etre irpoady/crjv jroieZrai el 6 rvpavvos. dveTeOrj bit ovk rjv pot hiacpvyelv rb htrrd.ev ifkelara dvdpcoircov. he irpovhthovv acpds rrjv alrtav.?j reXevrdv virep eirtrd^avTOS. hyXtocrat j3ovkop. vt/ctjo~et avrbv ovhev tovtcdv. ovS' el avrbs virep dvoi)Tfov ^vv'ti)pt e'ire o~/coireiv f3ov\olp. are elhcos irdvra. ptetov ovhev ?} a ip. ho^at. cov eirerr/hevo-av a yap voptov p:r]he (pvaeco<. rd he eptavrw.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. eyco he ytyvcbo~fcco p.vi'}0i]. he ot/cetorepov p. pev irvp eirl rbv o~o(pov. €l /caraXvot ni avrd. 0I9. 180 .eXerijaav.

nor nature planted in us from birth. the other after they have been brought before a court of law. . In behalf therefore of these. things. for playing with the lives of men to whom was entrusted everything 1 had besought of heaven ? And I would refusal to face the accusation. I am content. Here are interests which neither law has laid upon us. nor driven to any sort of subterfuge but he will cleave to all he knows as firmly as if it were a religion in which he had been initiated. should anyone try to violate them. like to point out to you. you can see if you for I run no risk of my life myself. As for myself. not come on any fool's errand. however much I might wish to do so but I am aware that I am running a risk .LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. were to betray them by holding back or by cowardly what would good men think of me ? Who would not justly slay me. ones of law. partly for myself. 181 . . for he will not be overcome by any such threats. I know partly for good men. partly But that I am for the gods. let the wise man pass through fire. that I could not possibly escape the reputation of being a traitor. I am acquainted with more than other human beings. partly for wise ones. for I know all . let him bare his neck to the axe. in connection with persons of accuse let I whom the tyrant ma) me of being either the leader or the accomplice me be whatever he likes. nor shall I will die at the hands of a despot. but to which we have devoted ourselves out of mere strength of character and courage. ROOK VII But it is the duty of the wise in a still chap. but for tyrants nothing. But if r . " For there are two kinds of the one kind tyrants put their victims to death without trial. and what I know. XIV degree to lay down their lives for tenets they higher have embraced.

tovtovs o>9 pbyiro) tyrjfyep BeBiKaapLevovs inrdyei Kal 6 pu)v p. o° BiKaaaadai 7TW9 av e-ty-qfyLo-Qai . KplcrEi.ev yap tear avTovs ovhev. Suca<TTi/cbv o-%i)p.r) ov/c e(f iavrbv Kal TOiwvBe di'Bpwv Keip. twv 6r)plo)v.ev 8ij ^akeiral apxfxo. to Tvpavvihos TauT>. Tifie- piov. al he rots pbaXaicwTepoLs re Kal \i]- Odpyots. vopovs KpLvavTos dtroXoiXevai i/c\nrtov d>7]criv. TrpaTTOvat p. dBiKa><.r] a\ou9 iv avrfj BfjXov to &>9 vtto rov 6 Kara. rov irapa twv XP'1 iroWwv to?9 rij<. dirdoWvaav yap S' €K 7roWou heiaavTas.ev S?/ d-neXOovai. ovopa vopLOV. pev ov&' ohjOevras. teal Nepcova. to 5' ^r)](piXovTat B\ direp ol pu^Bev Kpi- tw Biarpi/3ovTi Tf/9 0/37779 6ep. bv oxjTrep ivrd<f)iov eiri^epeiv p.(t)crr]<. 009 p. irol Bpdvai top iptavTou 182 .ol<. StjXov irdac t?}? nrapdZeiypa ciKp'nov 7roiovpLevois tj}? p. loiicacn 8" at p. o eyco 8' i)yovpiai ^a\e7rcoteal repas t<z9 Bt/ca^LV irpoairoiovpieva^ -v/r^^t^e- aOal ti to? €K T(OV vopiwv. Se 6 inroKa6rip. vavres.evot diroOptjaKeiv Kareyjrrjc^Lcr p. Bia&vyoi to p.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.eviy. wv yap irpiv i) KaTe-yfnjrfj (plo-aro.oi dupiTov.evov$ dcpai/cal petTat tou? ddXiovs ekeov.ev Tot? 6epp.ev opp. re Kal eToipboi<.ol vvv dirofie t/.a.? opw BoKel e«? TeXevTav Be BtKaaai p.eva>v to Be eV ep.9 Te /cdtcdvcov dyoiva.

the other kind resemble the gentler and more lethargic ones. which should be tendered like a winding sheet to the victims of injustice. and the other after he had tortured them with long drawn out terror. can obviously . but how can he that evades his trial escape condemnation by And supposing. and then brings them before it as if they had not yet been tried. But it seems to me that he ends by condemning without trial for he really sentences men before they enter the court. of the tardv and sluggish nature for the former destroyed his victims before they had any suspicion of what was coming. say he perished owing to an illegal sentence. for in reality they set them at defiance. For myself I consider those the crueller who make a pretence of legal trial. I perceive that the present ruler cloaks his tyranny under legal forms. giving the name of law to that which merely ekes out their own The very fact of their being put to death spleen. now that the his own conscience ? fate of such distinguished persons also rests on me. in legal form does but deprive the wretches so condemned to death of that compassion on the part of the crowd. Well. Now one who is formally condemned by a verdict in court.LIFE OF APOLLONTUS. BOOK VII The former kind resemble the more pjfssionate and chap. and bring in the same verdict as they . would have done without any real trial. what can save me no matter where I go on all the earth from the 1S3 . That both kinds are cruel is cleartoeverybodywhotakesNeroasan example of the impetuous disposition which does not trouble about legal forms. on the other hand. and of getting a verdict pronounced in accordance with the law . Tiberius. I do manage to run away from the crisis which equally impends over them and myself. x prompt of wild beasts.

eiTroifii . efie.FLAVIUS PH1L0STRATUS cap. & X(po~Te. re eh] Ha/3uXcovto<. ravra. iropev- aerai Be irapa riva ijKeiv eiUTi-jBeiovs re . S' dv ei7roi/. el Kal fiT]Be /njrpie. elre e? fiaXXov Be aTrayyeXlav avroiv loifit. yp-evBoXoylas BovXos. e^aWdrreiv yap fir) %p}] olfiai Trdarjs. A?/tl ovv. eara) &><? yap ae fiev op9w<.r]6eLr]s Kafie Trapd rbv avBpa tovtov e? 'JvBovs . rt? fiev virep evTrXoias ev%r) ra> TotcoBe . eV AWigttoov areWoipLJjv. ttov Beijaei Xoycov' 7T/JO? m d QeaTrecncov. eyco Be raurl fiev ovk elfil. 7T/?o? tyeairecruova elre <yap Kpinrroipu. ifie Be elprjKevat. Kal ovBev ttlcttov Kal tv?. <f>pad)Tr]v ev6vp. /cal 6 Kal toutI 8' dv ( ]?pad)Ti)<. . tovs Be direa^d-^Oai. fiwv virep 7ra>9 184 . Trap dvBpas Be ev <pavep(p oiKovvTas.u &v (pevyco . irol Be oppueZrac . fSXeyjraifii tl dv 6? avTov fiev (pevyoma. dp^ovcn. ec arecf)av(i)a6fievo<i i']ko) tovtov. TreldeaOai. ottogt] ivBwv. n dv. elpi]fievoi<. epvdpta?. opoi yap. roiwvBe epatxri]^ Bo^co. o7ro<x7/9 'Vcofialot. ifiavrw /cal %vvoiBafie 6 /lev yap Ko/nraaripj e(pi] reparojBr] elvai Kal vf3piar?]V aoifuas.? Be ray ifiavTov Kal (f)i\cov adiayevs eifii. eTreiBi] tovs Kara rrjv Vd)fii]v oI'kcov ovtws dvecXov. oiKijcrecrOal auTovs en. ry% edaei KtxOapov Bo^ai. tovtwv aKovcov. Kal el fiev \dp^a^ Bi] o OeZos real SeairecrLCdv 6 yevvalo<.. fieyi- rd roiavTa <TTOf9 tcov co<i arecpavuv re aperf}?. JLvcppdrrjs fir) vfids BcefSaXev. 7rpoSoT?. ravra.

delivered yourself of all these sentiments. I come to wear it. and that I have admitted their correctness and acted on them. and the Babylonian. and that in consequence our friends have been murdered. that henceforth they are left desolate. then. to hear such words. BOOK VII brand of infamy ? For let us suppose that you have chap. . and their murderer. if you turn from Thespesion to Phraotes and imagine me fleeing to India to take refuge with such a man as he ? How should I look him in the face ? how should I explain the motive of my flight? Should I not have to say that when I visited . nay worse. What. because I have ruined the greatest of the Roman houses so You utterly. I could only use such words as these: O Thespesion. and the divine Iarchas. especially that of the Indians but while I am none of these things.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. what prayers could I offer in such a case for a favourable voyage ? What haven could I cast anchor in ? To whom could I set out on any voyage ? For methinks I should have to steer clear of any land over which the Romans rule. and should have to seek men who are my friends and yet do not live in sight of the tyrant. I am nevertheless a betrayer of my own friends. and the noble Thespesion. I should prove myself a lover of falsehood. Now supposing I set out for Ethiopia. what. Euphrates slandered me to you and accused me of things that are not on my conscience for he said that I was a boaster and a miracle-monger. blush. Demetrius. I see that you do so. my excellent friend. and that would be Phraotes. . and one that violated wisdom. and utterly unreliable and so forth and if there is any wreath for virtue. a slave while if I frankly confessed all to him. x85 . could I tell Thespesion ? For if I concealed this episode. .

(frlXois. paov yap ev ovk elBocn teal fiacraviQcrSco Be Botcei oBe rrepi Xoyo?.oi avrov rdBe' fiTjS' rbv o~0(f>bv p>)Bev IBla eft eavrov rrpdrreiv. aXX' wenrep 6 At'oXo? irore tca/cw^ ' rov OBvaaea Scjopw Bijttov XPV (T<^/Jiei ov Tfp eKeXevae ^wpelv rrjs drifiov direXa rov 6-)(6ov. eire dvBpbs vyicos eavrbv yvbvBid rovro yvcopirjv avrb iroLOvpuevov e? rrdvp. Xo-yov? ^vvrep. Xijar].elv wavras. &>? ' /itjS' evQvp. dv Oaparjaai ri o)v Botcet fjujT erepoc p.oc aocpbs eavrbv yiyvcoa ko)v teal rbv eavrov vovv pnqr dv irrrj^ai rrapao-rdrriveyoiv Ti mv 01 ttoXXol. oh teal ev Keiaerai crot rb dtroBpavai.01 Sotceis teal [ii] roiovro ri epeiv rrpos dXXa /-U}7T(o eVe/u^a?.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. 6 Be 'lap^as ovBe ovBev rjKovra. reap dvBpas Be. ax? fiovXovrai yap rbv kivBvvcov tcoivcovelv rots Aijp/jrpie.i]di]val ri ovrcos dyudprvpov. p.e' '60 ev p. teal e'ire pvi) avrov yovv eavrco rrapeivat. teal Trjq evirXoias /cdfie vi)crov. a<f)LKOfir]v pev tcaXbs tcdyaObs rrpbrepov teal rbv davarov rbv virep (piXcov ovk aOvfjLos. /ca/cbv ircop^a. eliriov e? to e'9 TavrdXeiov yeyoi'ivat auro Kv^jravra olBa. eVel Be ^vveyevb/xrjv avrw. rb deibrarov tovtI rwv Kara ft>9 dvdp(07rov<i aripiov eppiijrd aoi ipijcrerai . rrapd rovrovs Wi. ro to? ra<i. AttoXXcovos avrov UvOol teal ypdfi/jia.n 1S6 . otti] rov 7ridavov e^er eyco ijyov/iai yap dv p. SeLvb'i el.

but just as Aeolus once bade Odysseus quit his island with ignominy. will never cower before things that scare the many. but to men with whom you have never had anything to do. and tell me that I had disgraced the draught I there had from the For they require a man who cup of Tantalus. to share the I know. and this. that he himself at least is not present with himself. And as for IarchaSj he surely would not ask me any question at all when I arrived. and whether the Pythian inscription was suggested by Apollo himself. and then your flight will be alright for you will find it easier to lie hidden among people who do not know you. how dangers of his friends. or by some man who had a healthy conscience. I was a gentleman not too faint-hearted c5£?* but that after to lay down my life for my friends enjoying his society. because he had made a bad use of the gift of a good wind which he had bestowed on him. I imagine. is why you will tender me some further advice. Well. let me examine this : . is anything in regard it I consider that a wise man does nothing in private nor by himself alone I hold that not even his inmost thoughts can be so devoid of witness. would drive me from his eminence.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. stoops and drinks of that goblet. VII him before. I had at your bidding thrown away with scorn this divinest of human privileges. so Iarchas. and see this is how I whether there : 187 . Demetrius. such as this But you must not resort to those you have named. too. ' I hold that the sage who knows himself. and was therefore minded to publish it as an aphorism for all.' and has his own conscience as his perpetual companion. nor venture upon courses which others would engage argument it. BOOK . clever you are at chopping logic. I believe. For .

cpdeypia. diroXXvaav avTovs voaov. e^laTi]ai he avTOvs /cal 6p. ovres ^vv alcr^vvj] airrovTat' hovXoi yap rwv Tvpavvlhcov teal irpohovvai avrais Trore rovs cfytXraTov.evihcov rfi dveypacpev. TrdvTa irdvTa he dv9 punrwv ecpvpjnjcret j']6v /cpoTovcrd Te /cal ahovcra. /cal a. p. /cal hetpuaTol /caBevhovTas.tk. Trepmei p. pur) a>pprjaav. dXX e7riK07TTel aipovt<x?. /cal /cadevhovTi. he avTw e/c i) %opov ei>(pi)p. iraaas dyvuis. lepcov Te tov evyjcrOai. So(f)ia Tlv0tfC(p eiracvel.a bpObv e? dvQpdnrcov /cal tivci dcpelvai ovt€ to air drreXavvei e\ev6ipa<$ yXooTT7]<. a.epav koI el h^ Tiva d/coveiv r) Xeyeiv oiomai.FLA VI US PH1LOSTRATUS cap.evi]. ijhe 7rov ko\ T(p 'Ope<7T?7 hrj ra tmv eirl JLvp. he %pi] helaat /xj) (po/3rjdevTes. vovs p. ycip el'hrj /ca/ca elpyaapevot elacv. pev cpoftepd helcravTes.ev opwcri peO^ r)p. yap tw elvai EjvptTrthov eiriypdppaTi ^vveatv i)yovpevov irepl tou? dvOpconow. eiravaTewopLevovs oi vbpboi.ev yap TOiV etccivcp 6 vovs. iraptaTaaa tou tcov oveipcov htjp^ov. ovetpcohi] 188 .i]Tpl. eireihav ttjv &)? tcai tov ivOv^Oojaiv. he ov ^vyycopet ravTa' to 7rpb<. rjv S' e? tov vov crTacrt^. hi] crui/ecr/? he ho^dvTiov.ev tcov irpa/CTewv rjv p. i]Bi] tov dvhpa he r) $jvvecn<i e? ^prjard eXrjTai irdina he Tep. lead. ovhe yap X € *P a o^lpuv ^vyyco pel e? Ta dydXpuaTa.ev /cvpios.oi> cfravXa oXiadrj %vvecri<. wenrep tov<. ov/c ia tovtov r) ovTe opp. ore epiaivero p. ra.ov TravTO*.

and will weave around him a chorus of angels from the world of dreams but if the determination of reason trip and fall into evil courses. For she suffers him not even to uplift his hands in prayer to the images. nor to address them freely and boldly with his lips. they have been ready at times to betray to them even their dearest. she also praises Euripides who regarded ' conscience in the case of human beings as a disease which works their ruin. as the law strikes down those who rebel against it and she drives such men from every social meeting. XIV despots. conscience forthwith escorts a man to all the temples. so they felt no fear where they should have trembled. " But Wisdom allows of none of these things. but strikes them down as he lifts them. better part. upon without BOOK VII shame. applauding him and singing his praises. and she drives him away .gone mad with wrath for whereas reason decides what should be done. She will even hymn his merits as he sleeps. whenever they realise that they have done wrong. conscience permits not the sinner to look others in the face. from temples and from prayer.' For it was such conscience that brought up before Orestes and and depicted in his imagination the shapes of the against his mother Eumenides.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. For being the slaves of chap. when he had . into all groves of the gods. Or. If then reason chooses the . 3y6 beside the Pythian epigram. because just as they trembled at imaginary terrors. and terrifies them in their sleep and while she turns into dreams and windy forms all that they see by day. into all the by-streets. . and any things they think they hear or say. and into all haunts of mankind. conscience revises the resolutions taken by reason. 189 . she lends to their empty . For Eurip.

BeBel'^dai fioi (fraivet oifiai Kal co? ovBe efiavTOV. ft)? tovtois. t)yelaBal tov Be WttoXXcoviov ov kcltoXvwv eTvy^ave. TrpoBort)^ aa<$>5)<. fit) Kal to Xoyov KeKOivcovtjKevai fioi BiafidXt) ere fSovXd?" 190 ^vv€^Mpt)o-e fiev Btj e? aTroppi]TOV$ 6 ArjfitJTpios Kai . ' (fydvai. tcl? Be dfivBpas Kal t)Bt] kcli iriOavas tw fie t) fiev &>) eXey^ec (rvveais e? eiBuTas el re Kal fit) et'SoTa? qKovra. Xifieva tovtI yap ^vaaiTtjo-ofiev Be. virep t)<. yevo[/j. 'ILvvdXios. " BetXt) t]Br). tov Atjfi/jTptov Be fir) diroyvwvai tov dvBpos. Kal dve/iiala TroieZ <f)avTa<Tioo&ei5 TTTOLas d\r)6ei$ (po/3co. dXX dycoviovfiat irph^ tov Tvpavvov. to tov yevvac'ov dXt]6eia. Tats vaval TavTais vo/ufiov. &><? opfitjv re dvaXa/3elv Kal ddpaos. " Kai tov 'Pcofiaiatv Xpt) ire pi \v\yo)v «0a<? e? d(pelvai. irpoBcoaa) Be 'Ofujpov e7ret7rcov %vvb<. Kaprepel Tavra. "Tiro tovtcov 6 Aa/u<? ratv Xoycov avTos fiev ovtco hiareOrjval tyrjaiv. eirideido'ai oi virep ov irapatTOVficvov tovto.t)v ro)v dvBpotv. Kal fit]Be ttjv eirl tov Xifievos fied' t)fio)v Wi.FLA VI US PHILOSTRATUS cap. aA-V eiraiveaavTa Kal ^vvOe/ievov oh elirev KtvBwevet Kal (piXoao(f)La tc aureus avT]]. eireiBdv ev Tafia exV> vVVL 7 a 3 / dv Kal KaTaaKevaadeit] Tt? aWia eVl o~e &>? fueratT)]aavTa tw tov f3ao-i\eo)<i iydpu)." XV cap.

have clearly shown you. and after embracing them he quitted them. x I think then that I reality of well-founded terror. when my affairs are on a . but I will will boldly wrestle : iiiad is. of harbourDemetrius accordingly coning criminal designs. but I with the tyrant. : better footing for just now some charge would be trumped up against yourself of having dined with an enemy of the Emperor. 191 . not betray even myself. Nor must you come down to the harbour with us. . However we will dine together another time. supposing 1 were to betray I go. for this is the usual hour at which these ships sail. a and Demetrius no longer despaired of Apollonius. lie chap. 302 friend as thine. And he led them." sented. and that truth itself will convince you. ^ ™'ure. that he took fresh resolution and courage. that my conscience will convict me wherever to whether to people that know me. * nd departs tells us." XV * so impressed by this address.LIFE OF APOLLON1US.i but rather praising and agreeing with his appeal. merely for having conversed with me. lest you should be accused. Damis was wished godspeed to him in his perilous enterprise with and to his mistress Philosophy for whose sake AP ollonU13 he braved so much. and about the time of the lighting up of the lamps and I must set out for the port of Rome. Damis says. hailing him with the words of the noble Homer Mars is as much my my friends . and fantastic BOOK VII fl titterings of heart truth and substantial chap. to where he was lodging but Apollonius declined and said " It is now eventide. or people that do not.

i aov.ev. ^vXk7](pBei'r]<.ev eVl rrjv vavv. &)? aavrbv e? to Brjp. . Be (TKevd^eiv Kopudv.> tovtov dvBpl eiriTrjheL(p. dv/]/coo<. Tplftcovd re avTaWdrreaBai tovtovI rod \ivov Kal to viroBripia irapaiTelaBai tovto • Tt Be fiovkeTai fioi ravra.evov tou ayjipxtros. fieTaaTpecpofievos re e<> kcli ra BaKpva utto^wv. direp el he iyco. virep aov iyco " " B6^a<. el fxev 6 Be \\7roW(ovio<. fxev.evov o'i (T7]fiepov vTrep <fii\a>v Kal Koivcovias klvBvvcov. o'ipa aot Kcuafxeveuv evravBa.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. top eppwaai. yap av Biaou Xwov yap Kal irXeico /3eB\r)p.(p(o " Kal 6apaei<. eTTirijBeLOV a\V to? /nt) cpiXoao- aWcos bvra fxoi £vvecjyovvra ireaBai Te Kal 7rapaTvy^dveiv oh TrpaTTco. vopua) ifxavrov.r)Tpl(p yap ^vvearj rbv y^pbvov ." " ecfrr]. 6' eV clvtovs i]kov<tlv. ov yap 009 KaKiwv ye avro fiedelvai 192 . v7ro\a/3oiv Be 6 el aoi " re teal Kcifiol Ad/iis. p. Kaprepyaai irpb Bi] Trjs Blki}^(3ov\op. opBws" ere irpbrepov " Xeyeis e(pr]. Arjfx. eyoo yoifxl fca/cb<. ddvfiws £'%«?. xph BiaXe- j(6?]vai. /3aBtaco/j.V Trepiftakoov avrovs dirrjei." atria fieu ")Be tov fMeTa/3a\elv top Adpuv to twv UvBaBe yopeicov a~y7)p.A.ai Kocvwv^aat ae /jlol tovtcov EvWijcpOevra. TLva. roiavrci aou Biei\eyp. co? e'x&J. rou \6yov fxijirco tpev- ae Kal d7roKivBvvevotp. IBcov ecprj.a.OTiKd>Tepov Kal yovv e%et9." dp. xpi) fierafii'/re Kal I'cofiev.. " Ad/xiv.

and abandoned you in the hour of danger. and this although until now I have never shewn cowardice where you were con" "You speak rightly. O . nor must you wear your hair long as you do now. but merely . for you can live with Demetrius during the interval. why Damis put off his Pythagorean garb for he says he did not do it through cowardice. and wiped tears from his eyes. let us both embark upon the ship but if you are dispirited. BOOK VII though he often turned back to look towards them chap. but justj'attached to me for other reasons. it is better for you to remain here. which will certainly betray you and lead to your arrest but I would rather that you followed me in the guise of one not sworn to my philosophy." this linen you must exchange tit . and you must put away the P j s Philos°B her s g ar k i I must tell But shoes you wear." But Damis took him up and said " What could I think of myself. but you must needs disguise yourself as a man of the people. if after you have so nobly discoursed to-day : . and so acThis is the reason companying me in all I do. x 93 VOL. cerned ? " so let us depart I will go as I am. your philosopher's cloak for Damis doffs h garment.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. II. nor through any regret at having worn it." said Apollonius. and . -ii : . when they fall upon them. I let your words fall on deaf ears. and are as courageous as myself. : about the duty of sharing the dangers of one's friends. you what my for it were best to hold intention is in this out as long as we can before the trial then I do not wish that you should be a sharer of my fate through being detected by your dress. But Apollonius xv " If looked at Damis and said you are firmly resolved. since he is as much your friend as mine.

1 fjv XVI cX JXV W7ro7r\evcravTe<.(TLV. ov yap outo9 iraXai rov * AiroWwviov dpv/p rov yap BoKOvvra rep /3ao-i\el cnrr^Oi'jaOai ttco? [lev civ irpbs avrov errpveae.FLAVIUS PH1LOSTRATUS cap.->]v AtKaiapxias rpiraloi rov ©vpfipiBos.. Be T/79 Karrjpav e? rd<. av>]p ^vyyeyovco^ 7tot€ avrw /car Alyvirrov. rrp\v /SacriXeO.ev ovB^v inrep aurov 77730? rov Aop. eirel yap Aijpj]- davarCovra jjadero. ov Kara ^vyyvoipyv eirainjKev avra) rov Kal Bdvarov. 'Pd)p. a<fi' &V dva. eirir/jBeiov eavrw iraprjri']craro. Oavdrov yXiyovrat. xv <pr. dXX' eirtaircovrat rov Bdvarov eiacaXovpevoi toi)? exovras £t'<£?7. Kal ov rrepipevovatv avrov rb avropuarov. 194 . ravO^ rjyovpai iiirb Kal Nepwa ev6vprj9evra psr) viraxOrjvac rplov airoKtetvai avrov. o<? 7rdcrai<i virep 'n'pceiv.7r\ov<. ol codjicrral xp)~)pa t Kal dXa^oov eivai Kal eirel pr Bev xprjarbv rod diroXavovai. Bie/SdWero.erayvovs. VTT?p\6eV €9 TO £vp(j)epOV TOV KdipOV. Kal (pavepbv p. reyi'at ^vve^copei ?} pbi)v oiroaai elalv depavws dpvvovcrat. avrov expf/ro. ovBe p. tkyirqv Be ewaivicra . dXXa KaO' virepo-tyiav rov Kreivai. " £'</>//. 6 tfpa.enavbv e\eyev.. i/c/3o\a<. " ye /cal & rov xpovov. fj ov." Kov<po\byov re^vj]. 7reo9 £' av a><. frvp/xerpos e? r)jv rb pev 8' Br/ (SacriXeiov %iipo$ yv eV Al\iava> Tore.

Apollonius was being calumniated to — — Dornitian. because he once met him in Egypt. xv ' moment. BOOK VII because he approved of a device to which he acconimodated himself to suit the expedience of the CttAP.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. And although he said nothing openly in his favour f to Dornitian. he let him off not because he wished to pardon him. . before he aiTived. he resorted to in his behalf . Now the ay urof the ^'fe' Emperor's sword was at time in the keeping of Aelian. for how could he have praised to his sovereign's face one who was supposed to be an object of his detestation any more than he could intercede in his behalf as for a friend of his own ? Nevertheless whatever means there were of helping him in an unobtrusive way. and they are so eager to die because they get no good out of life and therefore they don't wait for death to come of itself. the reason which weighed with Nero and prevented his being drawn on by Demetrius into slaving him. and on the third chap. but because he disdained to put him to death. XVI day they put in to the mouth of the Tiber from which it is a fairly short sail up to Rome. For as he saw that he was anxious for death. a person who long ago had been attached to Apollonius. 195 o 2 . for that his office did not allow of his doing. and accordingly at the time when. XVI They sailed from Dikaearchia. but try to anticipate and draw it on themselves by provoking those who hold the sword. sophists are all prattle and flippancy and their art is all for show. This I think was : " My . he would say sovereign.

i)v clSovaiv "EXXi^e?. kclv p. &>9 Tore p.. fj ovofxa Tvapa." e(f)t]. el fx>) apa to avKoc^ainelv lo~%vpbv ovtcos elvai cf)7]aiv. 7rco? 70779 elfit.ev kclto.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.oXoyfj dBifcetv. ^WTeTpLrjcrovTaL ol tw hiKao~T)]pL(p Xoyoi /cat o~v airet elpi]vi/ccb<. " et " S' ' 6 eiacpovoiv avTov o AlXiavos.. d<f)ifcop.evov Be ao^wyap ^vXXi](p0evTa avTov j'jtceiv A7roW(t)iuov. ical ov/c iv ev vp. irapeXOcov ovv pueydXa Kal 196 . " aavTov re koX to.a MoueyeveTO. /3ao~iXeia} BtKaaTeyi'r\v. el Be dvTiXeyei." j3ovXojxevov he tov /caTijyopov Xeyecv ti dfxaOeaTepov. /ceXevet fiev ^AttoXXoovios. Tepcov "jTTTeTo. eXey^ov yap irovf\aop. elirev. el Be /cpivo/uai. "w efioi.ev &)] BiS]yev 6 . KCtl OVTCO TV TWV <TO§l(TTOiV TOVTCOV T)TTOV<i "TLX- Xrjves.evov S' avTcp tov ttjv KaTiiyopiav ^vvdevTOs.lv.ev 6p. vvvl Be rfj p/]ct(0 Kara laToplav ovcrrj ev yap dvvBpcp (twvlov rcpiyvr) irporepov evpt]p. " acpes tov /caipbv tov irpb r?}9 Blkt)<. &><? yoi]TL teal tKav(p tt/v " tw 6 fiev AlXiavos. iBlo. ava^Orjvai 01.ai Ti)<i tov ao(f)tcrTov yva)fii]<. BiKaaet o /3ao-iXev$" €9 to a7r6ppr)TOv BiraaTt'ipiov. XVII CAP. fiev yot]^. rfj vijacp ^vvecryev. efpr). fe>9 p.rjBe Twv yoi]TevovTcov ijTTaadai avTo. 6o~a HiXiKOiVL ti)v tov nnrov. ja^v koX ~MovcruivLov tov Tvpprjvbv TToXXa rrj ap^fj evavricodevTO. 7roo? Kpivofiai. eyco. iv w to. ^vvovaiav avrov eairXelv t?}? Kprjvr]<i' 7rdvra<i. Tovtoi? irplv p. tovtov cpvXaTTe" T7]pi(p. XoiBopovp. AiXiavbs tov fiaaiXea.

how is it I am brought to trial ? And if I am brought to trial. . and not before yourselves and if he admits his guilt. chap. but if he denies his guilt." Then when the accuser was about to say something still more foolish. as they now do to visit the spring for until Musonius went there. there was no water in the island. and vou can depart in peace. Apollonius arrived. how can I be a wizard ? Unless indeed the power of slander is so great that even wizards cannot get the better of it. BOOK VII Musonius the Tyrrhenian. which the Greeks celebrate as loudly as they do the horse's spring at Helicon." He accordingly passed into his secret court where the most important accusations . Aelian cut him short and said " Leave me the time that will elapse until his trial begins for I intend to examine the sophist's character privately." But Apollonius remarked a wizard. ? .LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. : : ." Moreover in the case of who opposed his rule in . . that at that time they were all making voyages by ship to visit him. XV1 many v. then the pleadings in the court can be cut short. ' 1 . he only kept him in the island called Gyara and Hellenes are so fond of these sophists. And when the m t( vthe vrith i f i i counsel tor the prosecution began to abuse him as a Sage wizard and an adept at magic. but he discovered a spring. XVII In this way Aelian tried to put off the king until chap. and then he began to use more address for he ordered Apollonius to be arrested a secret iew and brought into his presence. Aelian remarked. " Keep yourself and your charges against him for the " If I am Royal Court. the emperor will try him. ays. 197 .

airo- Xaj3cov p. ear 1 * to exeuwv ere. " w 'A7ro\o Xcovie.eyi<TTT) BoKel Kal fiei^mv ?/ iravra 6p." tol>? ecprj. raZs ovtco ri fiot iTriTrjSeioJS et^e?. There appears to bp a lacuna in the text at 19S .ev acpijXco avrip'." ecpi].oc Kal ti-jv apxh v Tainrjv. e'/c Kav p. 6 yap * eiircov deft cov el'prjKa ttov civ rj av TravaatrQaL ae dyaircov. Trpoyvoh]^ Be this point.\ 111 r o? Se eyevorTO avrol. ip. Kal xiXlapxov p. eV Atyvirrov §' rjXde. virep tcov eavrov aot. irdKetriv. rots fiev iroXXols p. "%&>/9etre. ixetpaKtov rv t Kara x/3oVov9. crv o>9 xpr)fjLaTi%ovTO<.a ov cpavXov virep ^vvovcrias 07ra)9 6appoiii<i fiev 1 to eV ep.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS Gat.ol 7rpo9 ere yeyovev.e IB'ia. rjyev T7&7 tcov 7roXefit/cwv elhora.ol t>'/9 o~ocpicTp. 7roSa7ro9 Te eivv Xeyeiv Kal 6 tl fioi to ovoua Kal &>9 e%a) rov Trarpos. T019 p-ev Ovacov. ovTa. civBpcoircov. iXeyyerai Kal Kal firjBels aico-nctTai. e/xot Be 0^X09 Kal KaKoBaifJLOi'fa tpaiveTar TvpavviBos yap cpvXa% BiBoiKa to.cv 6 {3aaiXev<. 7rpovXeye<. fiefivrjo-dat to Be IBia i8eXrjaai epeadai irrep cov KaTi'iyopos ^WTeOetKe. ovs Traryjp rov [3a<j iXecos 6eol<. Be r) p. elfii. crol S' 07r&)? ewoy? to BeB/]\(DKa. -^aXeir?)? elfit. fiijB' tcov Qewv. BoKel yap tw ftaaiXtl rouro. "ev6ev8e iiraKpodadw. XVIII cap A. " eyco. xprjaopLevo'. B' tov /3ao-tXeco<.ov to.

it was only a good-natured pretext on my part for obtaining an interview with you. in order to assure you of my own good will. although to myself it the sentinel of the harshest of tyrants. Emperor took me with him because I was already while you were so friendly with when the Emperor was receiving deputations from the cities. and causes were BOOK VII and said to the chap XWI you depart hence. for such is the will of the Emperor. I am afraid of the wrath of heaven.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. and to warn means much trouble and much unhappiness. I have surely made it clear to you that it can never cease. but the : O . For I am 199 . whom if I But I betray. Apollonius. as Ions: as we can remember those bee-innings If I have said I would question you in private about the charges which your accuser has drawn up against you. and let no one remain to listen. that . and to consult you about his own affairs. and superior to all versed in war myself. have shown you how friendly I am towards yourself. he said " I. other human positions at once. you took me aside and told me of what country I was and what was my name and parentage and you foretold to me that I should hold this office which is accounted by the multitude the highest of all. was a stripling at the time when the father of the present sovereign came to Egypt to address sacrifice to the gods. I was a tribune only then. for in reminding you how our friendship began. ." company: "Do tried in strict privacy yvin chap And when they were alone.

nai orroaa KapBia av re eipijfcas epoi re elrrelv BiKaiov. coarrep aaadai pev ernOvpovvre^.avrov vovv rjv yap arroBpavai y>/9. vrj &)<? 01 acpoBpa ^vi)Biarpi^ravre<.rj vpiwv real anpoarai. eyco. 1 co? ^vyKivBvveveiv yyeladal pot. ovk olBa.aT09 /cai oppfjs errl pue yap inr6y\rerai a>9 avievra. re virep p.ol \e^u> rbv ep. p. Trap 049 ovre evBei^is oure ypaepi] 200 .FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. rrpdrrei avia KarappvOpl^wv By Kcipiol e? rrjv rov Bikcllov Bo^av. .01 roiv aeavrov rrpaypdrcov icai. ftaBiaavTL es yO)] dv6 pebrrcov OecfpiXearepcov ")) ol evravOa. BcaXeyopueda. kcu rrpocpaaiv aTrodXelas vttlitwv rroielrai ere' ftovXerai puev 'yap. el Bel 7rA.d<i £9 ttoWo.> ovk oW oiroTepos r]p. ovrco (pi\av8pa>Tra>s t'xa ?. XIX Hpo9 ravra " 6 'ATroXkdbvios.ev vp. p. cf)i\oo-o(f)ei<. Trap o~o<pu>repovs rj avBpas re acpuceadaL ao(f)ov<. " errel vyiws.. BiaKeirai Be." tercet ed>i]. XIX cap. re deparreveiv £vv 6p6w \6yo). 737309 i)pa<i Aba. ep. ala^vvopuevoi eir Be ro pur) dXrjOeai. a B' avBpwv puij Bel.epi] ri/9 a p.cop drroXelrai 6drrov. ra errl rw /3acri\ei' 6 rt puev yap ^jn](pietrat errl ol Karayp")](pl- croL. ae. 6eov<.aoyz.

must a semblance of justice. : . think. I will tell you exactly what I and. but his temper XNm will be in your case I do not know that of people who are anxious to condemn a person. and where I men much wiser than might have worshipped the gods in accordance with the principles of sound reason. BOOK . is pretend to be exasperated with you . I had only to go to the haunts of men who are more beloved of the gods than are the people of this city. as one might do who has most thoroughly studied philosophy in my society. myself.chap. I do not us will be the first to perish. for if he of suspects me of any leniency. men among whom such things as informers and writs 201 . Now what his verdict chap. and where I should have found It myself among wise men. inasmuch as you are so kindly disposed towards us as to imagine you run a common risk with myself. So his wishes you see are criminal. and he wishes to make you an excuse for destroying these men of consular rank. in my turn.LIFE OF APOLLOXILS. I in turn am bound to tell you no less and since you also take a philosopher's view of your own position. too. to many not was in my power to run away from you parts of the earth." know which XIX Apollonius replied " Since we are talking with. but he observes a certain formality in his actions in order to preserve And I. by Heaven. where your authority is recognised. ^ IX out any restraint and you have told me all that is in your heart. VII you of the Emperor's designs. but are ashamed to do so except upon some real evidence.

. pev diri6avd>TaTov. Bi avro yap to ov /atjts dBiKeiv firfre dBiKelaOai iTpohorov rr]v BiKaarrjpicov BeovTai. o yap Xa/xfiavo- .ev IBeai t% ypaepr/s tijv TroiKikai re. oti tCo e'9 p. /ecu yap eaOr/ra 8ia/3dWovo~i aWr/v Siairav. diroXoyrjo-opevos. eKelvo i)Br) tov p. to. dve)(r)> yiyvoocTKw yap.ov kivBviiirep vevovres. &)? 6eo)V ciKovcravTa.e6a..FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. (ppdl^e" Be Oiv airokoyelaOai pe XX cap "At " Kal Kal p. 7r\eiov<.r]Be to to)V lepwv alp. 77 poo KwelaOai ere /cal to tt)V teal to eanv v<\> wv virep iv 'E^ecrco ttotc \oipov xpfjcrai. to Be eKcpdvB^v. TreTrpd^Oai Be Be TavTa vvKTcop (pOivovTos to KaTrjycprjpa. to.elv avT(b iralha 'Ap/caSa dvopevw tov fiacriXea. el avrbs atro\oy'iav.ei Be \a/3eiv alriav. Bel. tovto lltj eTreiBrj ttoWw fiel^ov.r)vo<. airoXoivro Be 01 rjKco ep. eTepov ti irap 202 i)ydop. ovhepila." e<prj. BieiXexOai tc\ epiol Be S' Kal tcaTa tov 8' /SacrtXe'a)? ph> depavws.a Be fiacriXei rriOavcoTaTOV BiafidWeTar Nepovav eirl (pacrlv dypov ftaBLoavTa ere irapd Tep. Kal eirdpai avTov toI$ lepoU tgvtois. p. cpvyoipn Bi Beiaa<.

But I would have you tell me what are the accusations against which I have to defend myself. counts of the indictment. and some of them on the pretence that you learned them from heaven. although I cannot credit it in the least. 203 . BOOK VII of accusation are unknown. and your having been worshipped A P°u°mus by certain people. some of them openly. account would be brought to ruin. . . for xx your style of dress is assailed in them and your way reveals to of living in general. ." replied " are as varied as they are numerous the chap. : . if I ran away instead of staying and defending myself. they But I am come to stand in no need of law-courts. and the fact that in Ephesus once accusations you delivered an oracle about the famine and also aglinst him that you have uttered certain sentiments to the detriment of the sovereign. neither wrong one another nor are wronged.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. for I know that you are opposed even to shedding the blood of victims. and that you cut up an Arcadian boy for him when he was consulting the auspices against the Emperor and that by such rites as these you roused his ambitions and that all this was done by night when the •moon was This is the accusation as comalready on the wane. because I fear to be branded as a traitor for. since they chap." XX "The other. because. But the charge which most appeals to the credulity of the Emperor. pared with which we need not consider any other. is the following they say that you visited Nerva in the country. some of them obscurely and privately. offer my defence. those who are running risks on my .

Si (BapvTepov ov yap dv /ca/co9 rjv." /ecu 6 " tov 'AttoWcovios.. 204 . clXX' a<£' a>v ISla TrpoGKeKpovice. cpiXov Xafielv aWiav. /cat e'9 ravrd ye irapavojxiav rrjv ttjv aiiTov Sovvai aoi (prjai ^prj ovv irapeanevd- koi to e'9 Qvalav 6dpao<. kcu tt}? Siairr]^ /ecu tov irpo- yiyvcocr/ceiv e? teal ttjv tovto Si'jttov ^vvreivei.ov iravTa. tovto to. A X fievo? rov <jyj)iiaTo<. a XXI cap. fiev virepopdv earco TeicpLi]- pibv aoi to virep tnroXoyias dcpt^dal pie. karco Si aoi 6 firj X0709 inrepopoyv /3<zcr^Yea>9.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. /caXeaas ovv tov<. tov p. to he rrpbs dvSpb<. Siacpvyoi to p. rj ft>9 tea/ebs cpaivoiTO.i] e^6pu>v ov op. ical 7rapaice\ev&>9 pir) adp.. &>9 vrrep TvpavvlSas dWa aoi ye vireayov epuavTov TOiwSe dyairwvTi pe. ovrt zeal ovtco rdfid elyev.evo$ avT& Oappeiv eavTov eXdfteTO tov dvSpos. el Se /cai dpaaecos alpeadai.r) adai ttjv inrep tovtcov diroXoyiav. 'ESo/cet tw AlXiavu) ev \eyeiv. 01 to Sb^ai Seivbv a<§> p-ev yap e^Opfp Trovrjpbv yap e^Opol puaovaiv ovk wv Sijpioala Sia/3efi\)]Tai tis. fcatceivoi*. ovttco. /^S' av etcTrXayevTos KecpaXrj err dv el Yopyeii] avTbv al'poiTO.

brandished over him. while he himself formed the conviction that here was a man 'whom nothing could terrify or startle. For if the accuser chap. for your enemies will hate you not for reasons which make you an object of public suspicion. I should anyhow submit myself to a man like yourself who also loves me. nothing is graver than to give a friend reason to think ill of you this is worse than all ) our enemies put together can effect. for no man can avoid being disliked even by his enemies for his bad qualities. and emboldened you to offer such a ." disrespect. attacks your dress and your mode of life and your xx gift of foreknowledge." : you may clearly gather from the fact that I am come here to justify myself and even if my circumstances were such as to embolden me to treat a despot in a haughty manner. BOOK VII because it far outweighs them all. so he says. show no — — : r XXI These words impressed Aelian as very sensible Cxxi' and he bade him be of good courage.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. and who would not flinch. of leading up to this charge and it was moreover these peculiarities which prompted you to commit the crime of conspiring against the Emperor. He accordingly summoned the 205 . . I assure you. even if the head of the Gorgon were . sacrifice. it is only by way. For though it does not so much matter if you merely fall into the bad graces of an enemy. You must then be prepared to defend yourself upon these counts. and I would only ask you in what you say to show great respect for the And Apollonius replied " That I shall sovereign. but for private causes of offence which you have given them.

a\X eyoo. " fce\eva>" ecbrj. t*}? alrias' l'(op. icai icp/ceL rol<. 206 . efo) Se rei^ov<i ovrt irpoaeXdovra ru>v dypoiKoiv rtvd Zeladai avrov ypdepeev ri avrus eir WpiarelSrjv oarpaKov etcelvos p. 'RvravOa re /cal 6 Aa/u<? aTTopvrjp. 6eol<. . e/xe eyco. enrev. Trape\6a>v oe rfj e? ra /3aal\eia ra rrpoar\Kovra dpyjj eirparrev. 8cd ravr " Kal urroXoyiav virep aov irapeaKevaKa. vnep brov KivSvvevoi." avro? re av " awOelaa etbrj.ev ere airaWdgei yap e^co rei^ov <?.ov" kal ovv. ear fiddj] dv 6 f3aai\ev<.evov ere roi<. oioa' ro yap TTpoo-KvvelaOai (Be(B\r)Kev Tt9.A X rrpoareraypievov<i ra roiavra. . oirore ijpLds Idaco rov " \oip. rjKovrd re avrov Kal \eyovra orroaa eipijKe. dWa fiovov rov virep rov hucalov ^tTua/r^o? Be ru>v acpoBpa yiyvoicrKovrcov rov WttoWcoviov rrpoaeiiTOiv avrov ypero Kara vfipiv. go? o~e vtto roiv dvdpaiTTWv oia' tawv d£iovp. ficiXa wpyia pivots..ev ovre rov avSpa elScbs ovr avro ro ypd<petv. e<pr]. y o rrpoaKvv>)aa<. " Kai eqv]. cpdovov. " ev R<pio-q) irals cov.ovevei epyov bpoiov dvopbolov ru> fiev eV 'ApcarelSov irore 'Ad^vrjaiv eir oarpaKw yap rov WpiareiSrjv ekavvew tfSi) dperfj." rj rj koXcos ttoicov" 'Etpeaicov " elirev.FLA VI US PHILOSTRATUS cap. " ^vveyeiv rovrov. A. 7ro/Vt<?. rov 8e ovk eioevai cpvaavros.

addressed who knew Apollonius perfectly him and asked him in an insolent manner. why I have prepared a method of defence for yourself. "that has paid myself. " Well.1 11 way resembles and in a way is unlike the episode i • _. at a time when you stayed our epidemic. orders are to detain this man." " other." " is a reason. This rustic knew occasion a tribune well. what had brought him to such a pass. until the Emperor be informed of his arrival and learn from his lips all he has said to me. which will rid And who is it. " I can tell you for it is allowing vourself to be worshipped by your fellow-men that lias led you to be accused of setting yourself on a : level with the gods. " Well this for the city of Ephesus that was saved. Ephesus. his voting sherd against Aristides. ." Apollonius replied that he did not know." said Apollonius. office." said the other. said the other.it was both for you. jailors BOOK VII : who had charge of such cases and said " My chap. For let us go outside 207 . and he had no sooner passed the gates of the city than a rustic came up to him and begged him to fill up no more to whom he was speaking than he knew how to write he only knew that Aristides was Now on this detested because he was so just. were ostracising Aristides because of his virtue." asked the me this worship?" "\ "when I was still a boy in you of the charge against you." And he said this with the air of a man very much enraged and then he went into the palace and began to attend to the duties of his .LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. a At this point Damis records an incident which in 1." " " and Luck}. • i . i The scoffing tribune For they related of Aristides long ago at Athens." said the other.

r)v oe eKir\rjj. dv aXXo irpaTTOi -n? SiaXet^eTai " /mot irpoTepov fiovXeTai" dir?]X6e /xev tov 8cKaaTi]pLOV.Ta. p.tl Ihia Ad/xi.r)s to £t<£o?. XXII 'Evrel Se KaXecras eXevdepiov cr^oX/). ev oW'OfMrjpos ttjv ev0vp. OLapepXrjTai /xe /ecu fi.' el yap tov 'Ofiijpov eirrj." croc ol/celv AlXiavb? etceXevcre to " eaT dv ryejnrjrai heo~[iwT>jpiov." aTOTrov elirev. /cpiveaOai" '' roaaiSe fiev Si] dypoucorepos ovros tov tov XpiaTeihriv iXavvovtos.e0a) ere aiTia Kai acpetcrac. tois e<? yap " . ^etof Te dvdytci] vofxi^eaOai rj /ecu o>? eV' dXyOeai. ^vyyevecrdai yap SiaXeycopeda" ecprj. teal rjv fiev diroKo^rco crov tov av^eva tw ^tcpei. bv BeiTat rjv 6 Tvpavvos " virep &v aSo\eo-^a9. tov -)(_p6vov tovtov. ra 'KXevrjv cpi]crl Ta ii~ AiyviTTOV epeipfxa/ca oivoxoelv irepnrciTelv eyovTas" " fcal 208 .FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. 6 b7 ovk d/crjieooTL Ofioios SieXeyero irpb<i rbv Ad/xiv vtrep tov AeA. e«- Kpovcofiev civtovs wv diToXoyiiaovTat. tw [BacnXeZ. r)yt]aovTai rjfids. KaX TTCtpeXdcbV 69 TO SeCTfACOTljptOV " " evTavBa. e\eye Se ravra fiacrd)uev6<i re koX £vv ye\o)Ti. XXII cap.evov Te kcu 0epa7revaovTO<." ecpr]. 6 uvtov " €(f>y]. irepi a> cpacrc tov NetA.oy cryi^eaOai.i]6eLr]<. " tov StaXe^o/j.r)v teal aXXcos e? dvOpcoirovs dOvpxos tovtois fidXicrTa Set.

Damis." said Apollonius. and if I cut your head off with my sword. For you may remember the verses of Homer in which he relates how Helen spirit yS! 2 i9 209 vol. chap. "the Emperor shall have leisure. . XXI the accusation will have defeated itself and you will but if you terrify me to such an go scot free extent that I drop my sword. U "until." "Nay. 11. you must needs be thought a divine being. For what else is there for us to do until the time comes when the despot will give me such audience " "Will they not. and lie uttered his words with grimace and mocking laughter but Ajiollonius affected not to have heard him. xxu prison. he said talk. Proposes to he desires to talk with you privately before ^'. Avhere the captives were not bound. and went on with his conversation with Damis about the delta.||Vt j sc for the Apollonius accordingly feiio-w taking any further steps.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. and moreover." risonarB the law-court and passed into the prison. it is a mistake to talk philosophy with men so broken in left : as they. BOOK VII the gates. where P " Let us with the people here. "they are the people who most want someone to talk to just them and comfort them." as he desires? said Damis. about which they say the Nile is divided into two branches." he said. and then it will be seen that there is a basis of truth in the charges made So much coarser and ruder was this against you. XXII Aelian next summoned him and ordered him into chap. if we interrupt them in the preparation of their defence. think us babblers. "and bores. ." fellow than the man who wished to banish Aristides. p .

1 1 rov Kparnpa. Beo/xat ydp " oiSa.eL$. &>9 ra d-^r) t/}? "tyvy?}^ diro(3pe- yoiTQ. oipbikrjcre elirep e? rj Alyvirrov r re Kai tw TIpcore?. iw/jLev)]v avrou<. avrij 6" aXx koI yp. yicouev.. /cal drra elite.FLA VI US PHILOSTRATUS cap.. 10 . 7-01)9 <ydp rot Xoyovs. So/cm fioi rrjv 'EXevrjv eic Xoyov? A. "6 pie eptjerrj. Kai 6tv<jd* ei/ce>9 " {iev. (BovXet ttKOverat fiov. ovv o Adpus. 6ewv 779 olpai. 7rpoerKVVi]era<." e<p7). co CXapu. eiire. fiyrroa yiyvcoaKcov. Xoy(p re dvapdf." >cal cir/XOe rcavras' ecpy]. /cal el yv i) irpaos. ^elpa. 2 dX)C ovSe d^iovvra elvat %vi'i7]i ovv.lyuirrLov$ pad over av eirdheiv ro£9 ddvpuois Iv tm k parr] pi. ovoevos eK7rX)jrrerai. rfj 009 O/Ai]po) Tl6Xvhd[j. eKireaoiv dvefierpec rai^i eavrov X € P aL T0 ^e^Yos" 009 fir) Kai yap fjfiwv Korcov. 7Tot€ 779 ovk a7riarco.vr] ^vveyevero rov Smvgs' vvvl Be dva/3e/3Xycr0o)v ovroi. eKirXyrrofievov r/fias. o eKirXy^ei avrov. fc'9 djAi'iyavd re Kai (pofiepd epLfiefiyvrrepe'^ei. " ravra Kai BeSioos /xev vtt " ttoI nraparevels" e(f»]. e(p>).A A." elirev. p. Kpyhepuvov 7 co km ti)v AevKOueav ^Oovaerel Sovvai fiera rrjv vavv. o't rt epecrdai ere" yeyovaai (poftepb*.ot 777509 rov dvSpa. on croepia rd ^vvievra eavrrjs eKifkyrrei irdvra.^ Trderrjs" eTTL7r\i]rrcov S' 6 'A7roAAfo)wo9 tw Xoyco. e? . eKireaoifJiev acorrjpta. " rrapd d^vverov ov fiovov ovk rt. "real rjXOe So/cei.

" "I know. when some god. him." said but first reassures " to ask me. as if you could never understand that wisdom amazes all that is sensible of her. I think that Helen must have picked up the lore of the Egyptians. let us dismiss these topics for the moment. but would not allow anything in the world to amaze "Seest thou not. and what he said. " Now I am him and said ready to believe that Leucothea did really once give her veil to Odysseus. : : "O 21 I p 2 / . so healing them by a blending of words and wine. after he had fallen out of his ship and was paddling odyss For we are 333 himself 6ver the sea with his hands. if we prefer Homer's account.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. in BOOK VII citap. and whether he was formidable and severe or gentle to me." Egypt . and have sung spells over the dejected heroes through their bowl of wine." said Apollonius. what you are going wish me to tell you what my conversation sure you was about with the consul. as it seems to me. for I want to ask you something. and who not only cannot be amazed by us. and said cherish these fears. stretches out his hand over us." " " And that is seeing likely enough. brought insensible." said " are here before one who is quite Damis. . the daughter of Thon." said Damis. but is " But herself not amazed by anything. was well acquainted However with Polydamna." we." And forthwith he told Damis all that had Thereupon Damis prostrated himself before passed." But Apollonius disapproved of the way he " How long will you continue to spoke. that she came to Egypt and consorted with Proteus or. tor 1 am Dam is Apollonius. reduced to just as awful and impossible a plight. that we fall not away from all hope of salvation. ' mingled in the bowl of wine certain drugs from order to drown the heart-ache of the heroes well.

eyco. virep rrXovrov fcivSwevco.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS xlni ° Ti TeT ^4>(0Tal Ka ^ avorJTco*. ovra " ecprj. brw Trpoo'deipi^v.ov re Tvpavvi&os eKT^crOac rov rrXovrov.ev to. rl 8' " " ov pueXXo). 69 juuav 8" oliciav rrjv ep. yap veiorepa rretpwp.oi' 8' avroi? ovu erepcov.avrevp. oaoi roiv nrciKai /3aai\ecov elcriv. o't iroXv^pvcrol re tcai 0>]aavpco8et^. puoi ^vyyevoiv earw.i]V ct)? xpw/xai &j? p. " /caracppov)]T€a tov Tvpdvvov roaovro) p. ep. elnre. /civt'jeras.6vov.a yap.i)a a? rj BiSovo'Tjf ep. t) olov Xrjareias rj (fiappuiKcov. el Be .ev d<f> wv olfiat." kcu o WttoXXcovio^. avb)pe$. kXtj povo p. ijicei. ov KpiveaOai ae %pj) p. ov " Bepbirbv. ova ecrru p.^ e(pi). " el p. " " KlXi^. e<prj." XXIII cap. erepa> re.ep. .ov " cyj]p. e^ei. oaa> /ecu yiyvcoa/ceis avrov.-" " gvviij/xi.dXXov.oi$.evov irpdrreiv e<poBtov dv yeveaOai avrov. Kiy]9evra aoi Kara rrapd rrXeiovoiv^ vop. rd(f)ov<.evai S' j'jSr) . KOiva yap ftdXXovaL T)]? 7rpb<i 8' ///za? rovs dyaOow? 8ia- oi o~VKO(f)dvrat eV dyaOw ep. co? dcpeXeaOaC'Ce vop. a 07] dvZpo<pova. kcu aol Se. ravri yap dXX eirippijros re /cat co/xo?. "to.ari p. p. po7T))v dv ov apuicpdv rapid 212 elvai. AiaXeyofievois 8' avroii ravra rrpocreXOoov rt?.)) ep. rrXovrof re [lev. aXXa icai arroXwXevai. Tt? ovrca ftapvs. rrXovrSiv." e<p*l.7ropia$ eXevOepiov kox fit) Kairrfkov.ov<.

or by disturbing the tombs of ancient kings which are full of gold and treasure. gentlemen. my wealth would weigh And there is actually an heavily in his favour. for I share it freely with all good men." said Apollonius. you deserve not only to be put on your for these things trial. My it my single household . am brought to this pass by my wealth." And th/rich " If Apollonius replied your wealth was acquired bv Cilieian other than holy methods. for it is my own yet not as my own. how can I not ? Well. if I attempted a revolution. 213 . and has centred itself in Cilieian I : : They were . but also to forfeit your life are wealth no doubt. But the informers accused me of having acquired my wealth to the prejudice of the despot for they say that. " XXI1 " I see " said the other. . for example by piracy and administration of deadly drugs." XXIII talking like this. it would supply me with resources while if I attached myself to another as his accomplice. But if you acquired your wealth by inheritance or by trade dealings of a fair description and not by usury. . who would be so cruel as to deprive you under colour of law of what " you have " acquired with its venerable sanction ? said the other." several of my relations. it. " has accrued to me from property. and I use it. BOOK VII " Damis. "you have got to despise the despot just in proportion as you get to know him. but of an infamous and inhuman kind. when someone. XXHI " think. a chap. not as : if belonged to other people. that he is maddened with pride and vanity? CHAP.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. came up and said I.

KaKiovs yiyvoiino Be dfieXetadai dyeXrj (fidaKovres. ovToi . Tot? Tr)v 'E70J Be fieipaKiov fiev cov. 009 cnravTkelv 01)9 rrj<. e7riBiB6vTO<. fiev €K yys. ovaiav to fiev ttj e? tovs o~vKO(pdvTa<. fiev Xapirpd. kBei fieiXiTTeaOai dirofiayBaXia TavTrj. irplv ovaiav e/carov TaXavTwv eKTr)o~6at. toctovtov 1) yvcopn) fieTefiaXev. pbOVOV OVK €7rl KOppr/S TTaUl BovXoVfl€VOV<.epas eyevero Te\evTi]aavT0<. oi e'9 ra Wvi) (^OLTOHTl. to Be e? to tov*. (f>epovTO<s. koS r)fiwv atrial. /cal vtrep tovs ttoXXov? tov eyeipec. KaTayeXwv rjyovfirjv irdvTa. to? vfipiv o" pev rUrei 7ra? 6 vrrep to perpov ttXovto^. Kal to. Oeiov. Be e'9 tou9 BovXovs.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.KoXdo~TOv rjOovs. Be fioi irpovXeyov. ^vyyeveis.oi nrevraKoo'ia eirl fiids r)p. yp^fiaaiv ?) virepopoiVTa^ avrtav Bid Icryyv tov ttXovtov. ovtco ti eBovXwOrjv inrb tov irepi avTov Beovs. oaov oi tcarapTvovTes rcov 'C'wnwv Kal fi€Ta/3dXXovTe<. ax? fir) <fi0ovoiev a>9 fir) ra> ttXovtw. vofiois re to <j>pov>)fia ovk ea 7T€i6ea0ai Kal tovs apyovTas. Be fioi tov ttXovtov. to lo"xy<i Be 69 TOU9 apyovTas.irpoopowTes yap avTol eBpcov. 6 avyei'a 'tarrjai. Be eK OaXaTTi]*. €7rel Be TaXavrd. to. eV epol tov 7rpb<> iraTpb<.. Kai afiiKpa virep twv ovtcov eBeBieiv. to. tov diraiBevTOv re Kal d. efSovKoXeiTo poi Kal <f)iXa)i> pov 214 to. &>9 el'rj 7rpo? tovs eTTtf3ov\evovTas fioi. p.

when they cure . to prevent them being them riches increased and partly on my slaves jealous of my wealth. And as my of being unruly and intractable. sent to the provinces they say indeed that it is very nearly tantamount to giving them a box on the ears. and partly upon governors whose influence I wished to enlist on my side against those who plotted against me. my mind underwent such a change as those who break horses effect. as I used to think such apprehensions as these ridiculous and I had small anxiety on the score of my property but when my paternal uncle died and in a single day I came in for a reversion of five hundred talents. BOOK VII oracular air about the charges made against us. xxrn as that all excess of wealth engenders insolence. that I poured out my substance. and partly on my kinsmen. for fear they should become worse than they were and complain of being neglected. And I also had to support a magnificent flock of friends. such chap. I became so much the slave of anxiety about them. before I had hundred talents to call my own. partly upon sycophants whom I had to flatter in order to stop their mouths by means of such blackmail. and some insisted on helping me with their own hands. on account of the influence which . wealth gives. and flowed in to me by land and by sea.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. for the latter were full of solicitude for me . " Now when as a much I was a stripling. or wealth makes its owner that more than ordinary carry his head too high and rouses in him a spirit of pride and that it prevents him from being a good subject and obeying the laws and rulers who are . because they grovel to wealthy men or connive at their crime. and 215 .

ecpt].. debs avTi] 'A6r]vaiOL<i irore Spd/covra ere/cc. roiaSe atria. AOrjvdv irapdevov ovaav tov oti r) del ypovov. ovt(o oe dacpaXws Teiyiadfxevoi.' yjcoplov iv e^a>i/ irepl Ta<? €/c/3oXd<.. dOcoot ec/>?. XXIV cat.ev (0}.$})$. 'JLrepov S' av cpyjaaPTO? jpacp^v > (j^evyeiv. av p. 6 'AttoXXcovlo*. 'E^tyaSa? iv dtcariw r) Siarfj ence-tyauevos be 2 16 avrwv fitav.ov<i. Teicelv. 01$ oi avrov vireKeiao. dXXa teal rov Oepaireveiv rov$ avfcocpavTas re koX tovs oovA. /xevovfAev. eireiS)] dvcov iv Tdpavrt. ov ?]px e " fir] H-h Trpocredrj/ce Tat? 8i]p. /xev <ydp fievov ov fiovov eyeis- oV avTov. rov WyeXwov fii/cpco. '' KaOeipKro Ai<apvavia irepieirXei Ti9 kclI €7rl tci<. ^vinjirrev ijSrj . dvr]arei Se ere aTroXvo- rov heaiKOTi]piov rovSe. oti " Aouenavbs W6t]vd$ dv ttjv eh] 7rat?.oalac<. erco/zaTO? " ddppei" iyyvi]Tr]v top 'yap ttXovtov tov SeSeaai. Kivhvvevofiev /cat ovttco teal irepl aura) vvv." XXV cap. top 7tXovtov.FLA VI US PHILOSTRATUS <^Yf a ^ ofuos ovTco fiev yapaKUKravre*. ev\al$. rp/voeis S\ olfiai." hrjXov ovK el to erco/za.

217 . it is your wealth also which." XXV Another man was confined in the prison on the chap.chap. You imagined that Athene could not possibly have a son. XX1V prosecuted." XXIV Another man came and said that he was being chap. where he held Athene. and surrounded though so securely with fortifications. and flattering it yoke those sycophants and slaves whose has imposed upon your neck. because at a public sacrifice inTarentum. when it is dissipated. I now am myself imperilled by it. but from the necessity of cherishing others I : . for you have your wealth to go surety for if it is your wealth which has led for your life to your being confined in bonds. Said office." " Take heart. in the public prayers that he had omitted to mention thTson*" Domitian was the son of of Athene " : Apollonius . with their warnings and advice. will not only release you from this prison. XX1U thus fenced my wealth about. He had a property in Acarnania xxv following charge near the mouth of the Achelous and he had been ^™'-' in the habit of sailing about the islands called from the the Echinades in a small boat. because she is a virgin for ever and ever but you forgot. and he noticed that one of them was already joined to the mainland : .LIFE OF APOLLOXIUS. and I am not yet sure that I shall And Apollonius answered escape with my life. 1 ^ . BOOK VII But al. methinks. that this goddess once on a time bore a drason to the Athenians.

218 iirifBodaOat reKva Kal yovias " " a> Aa/u.epiao-pevr]s \vo~lv.erd yprjcrdai rrjv firjrepa i<$> (o/crjaev. Kal oi ptev voaelv avTOiV. hi t]v ttjv 6" 'KXK/JLaicovos tov Au(f)idpea> t«9 e«/3oXa? tov 'A^eXr/wu p. t?}? epya he clvtS) ^uveihois ov (fyop^rd.r) Kadaphs elvai 6 ^Ktcapvdv ovrot. oY as Kal elpyBai avrov. XXVI cap. ol/crjaai. p.i?. aXXa aTrpaypoavvris ipwv etcel to he dpa e\ hltcas aiiTW Trepio-rrjvai. oi he ejKaprepeiv tov ddvarov. xxvi UpocnovToov he r elvat 01 iv tu> AttoWwvuo *7r\etova)v evhov Kal 6\o<pvpopevwv roiavra. 7revT7]tcovTa <yap rrov tw heaptooTijpifp tovtw." k(pi]. avrov.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. i)ireipov tw (rcofian tcareetc ri}<i /cat <ydp rfj ti Kal vhcop v/]cr(p' i/c ea/jjero diro^pon> tovtov dvecpv <ypa<prj. hevhpeai re copatois hiefpvrevae Kal dpvKe'iKavipj Xoi? yhvoivois. pev aXX?7? 7>}? i^icrraOai re Kal dirocpotTciv ' &>9 p. rjireipfp. hiatrdv re (TfcevdaaTo iv avrf}. hoKovai . oi h> tovs avTcav Kal ydptovs. eavrw. «XX iiri cr^eTXiot? laws ov iroppco iiceivwv' 6 h ov tovt e<pao~Kev. oi he dOvpoos irapelaOai. teal opioiois. . el teal /.

he said. that he had a guilty conscience. in this prison. Even if he had not committed the same crime as Alcmaeon. approached Apollonius inside it. some of them expected death with certainty and with resignation. for he also brought in water in sufficient quantities for the island from the mainland. and at the same time had chosen for himself the same form of release as Alcmaeon the son of Amphiareus had done. have on his conscience horrible deeds. and for this reason he was now cast into prison. not falling far short of his." said ApolWhereupon. XXVI and uttered such lamentations as the above. 219 . and that it was because he was conscious of having committed crimes of an intolerable description. VII it all over with pleasant trees. Damis. and chap. So he made in it a convenient habitation for himself. for there were about fifty of chap. when after his mother's murder he went and lived on the delta of the Achelous. feeling that he polluted it. In consequence. been accused and brought to justice. and declared that he only went to live there for the sake of peace and quiet. BOOK and he planted vines. some of them bewailed and called upon their children and their parents and " O their wives. that he transported himself and quitted his own land.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. Some ^m^w uio of them were sick. he had nevertheless. Although he denied these insinuations. he must yet. they said. XXVI Several prisoners. an accusation was trumped up against him. some of them had given way to prisoners them dejection. xxv ' producing sweet wine.

d'i' KaTijyopLa So/celre yap fiot nrpoairoKTivvvvTe^ avTov^ tov KaTaijri](picr0evTO<. ol Kotvcovovvre'i e/xol ravryal t?}? crTcy*. u/xa9 ecr<pi)\ev. e\ew el vfia<i. ov irpoarjicei o\\' evOv/xiidevras tov 'ApxiXo^ov tov Uaplov Tijv eVl TOt9 \virr)pol<$ /capTepiav tXtj/xo- Xoyov. §' Oavdrov. 09 <jvvi]v /caXwv. el'r ov Karapx a<? etV e7re/j. ev e'/c irdar) rf) yfj (jyuerai. oinra) elSores. ol dvSpes. tcov Oeoyv avTTjV (pr/cnv eivai evpi]ixa ol dvacpepeiv Te'xinj o"%€t\icov tovtcov. TavTa. Et rj a v/iels fiev a/covTes. Trpoahwjiev avTod T049 adXcots tovtols." v) V 09 6 Art/x<9. eireihav to tijv e<j£>' fcvfia vTrep vavv laTrjTai. pi%OTop. dvSpes. oXocbvpTea rjfxepa pbdWov. Sw/iev. dappelv jxrjv fxev a SeStre. ovv AlyvirTiov tovto.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.b$ e? dSi/cd t€ fcal 8" oi>Te tojxd 6pfii]aa<.?. dv vpbwv. koa.vi]crdr]v. 'yap 8eo/j." irpocr- " eoiKacn. d dappelre. eyw 8e etcwv /xev yap ^vvTiOeaOe Tat9 ciIticus. C09 o'leaOe. el av Ttjv ev 220 .vyKa\ecra<i ovv avrovs 6 'AttoWcovios. ev § 6 \oyicrp. C09 vfi avTcbv diroWvaOe. fxoi tov (fyap/xatcov SeicrOai." " eiirev. wairep tov poOlov vTvepaipovTes. airdKeZ v/j.ovcr>is avrb crocplas tmv eavTrj^ ki']ttu)V. SeSievai ye.evois" " t. firjS' ^yeladai "fcaXeird ijfcco. pi) Trpoavekr] " (T(pa<i 17 yvcofii].

patience under adversity which he called endurance was a veritable discovery of the gods. you ought rather to deplore the day. friend yonder. . xxw that these people need the drug which I alluded to when I first entered." Accordingly Damis. whenever the billows are raised higher than his bark. For if you admit the charges brought against you. who are sharing with me the hospitality of this poor roof. let us administer some of it to these lonius. Whether it be an Egyptian remedy. Nor should you consider as desperate this situation into which you have been brought against your wills." said " for seem in need of it. but I myself of my own accord. because I feel that you are undoing yourselves. This should not be but you should bear in mind the words of Archilochus of Paros who says that the : . lest their own feelings destroy them " Let us do before Domitian can do it. I am wrung with pity for you. yourselves to death and anticipate the death sentence which you expect will be pronounced against you and so you show actual courage where you should feel fear. for it will bear you up in your misery. or whether it grows in every land and only needs wisdom enough to cut it from its root out of her own gardens. and fear where you should be courageous. it seems to me chap." so. deny that you took up your residence 221 . affected poor people. my just and cruel courses of action. BOOK VII " by the spectacle. before you know in the least whether the accuser will undo For it seems to me that you are ready to put you. they Apollonius called them all together and said " Gentlemen.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. when your judgment and impulses betrayed you into unBut if you. just as a skilful pilot carries the bow of his ship above the wash of the sea.

/ virep \ wv tov \ 6 /cartjyopos (pi)aiv ^ aeavrov ttXovtov kicoov ~ e^et? (pK)]Kevai. ov0' tov fi)j 7rpo? WOrjvas BokcIv d(pppfja6ac tov u>v dpyovTa.ev KapTepei. a\\' eycoye tijv Kal to ev 8ea/j. BovXevei (poiTa.o)T7]p[cp ireiaeaOaL i)yelo~9e Kal fir. el . 01)9 avrol Btjaovcri. Kal otKOvaiv. tg> 'A^eXcoco a » »' */ ' vrjaov . €K€iva. rov'i oiKeioTaTovi ein^odade.Bev eV dv6 pwrreiav elBao? (pvaiv. i) dp%>]v &v Kal tcaO ai)TO Tiptwpiav. ovtos . inrep ovk ovtoov 6pr)vo<.tdWov. 222 . TavTr/s to KadelpyOai Bevpo Beivov elvat cpaTe ^r)v .eOa i) fiaWov tovtov<. rj avTu> irddoiTe ." (pyjaiv. ocr&> yap. dvaBiBd^co \6yov vpidt ovBev eoiKOTa TOi9 tcov laTpcbv Icr^iiv criTiois. BeBeo~$ai r)ycofj.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS XXVI cap. oiroaa eir eTrevor]6i] dv6pwirov irpCoTOV. Kal yap evTiOijai Kal diroOavelv £0" fl€V ovk edaer oi dvQpOdTTOL €V BeapLti>T))pl(p TOV \pOVOV TOVTOV. yap Kal ottoctol tcl (BaaiXeia do~<pa\a>? ev ai/TOis KaTecFKevao-fievoi. ovff virep d\t)0f] TavTCi " o rav d(pl^0e KtvBvvevcov e/cacrTO?. tl elvat (pijcrei. f) ad\a yap t&) ttov t?}9 T\i)fMoavvr)<. dyvorjaai /xoi BoKovaiv aWo B>] SeaficoTi'jptov avTOis TrepifidWovTes. /3ov\eTCU. oiKia Te ot? Be irdaiv. rfj oure crv ecpeSpov ttotc crv /3aai\eta arrjaaadai. i) 09 Bt] dovofiaaTai /St'o?" avTi] yap ^frv^i) crco/iaTi (pOapTO) evBeOelaa iroWd p. ToawBe "^prj eppcoa- 6ai /..

if. are unfounded. here in such parlous plights. BOOK VII which chap. for it . instead of I sermon which understand human nature. that you ever XXV1 raised your wealth to the peril and endangering of the sovereignty and you again that you of set purpose deprived the sovereign of his pretension to be in the island of the Achelous. feel just as much courage as you now feel despair. For this all that time which we choose to call life. for the reason . to tell you the truth. and I will preach you a is very unlike the prescriptions of physicians. and be the slave of the affections which visit humanity and the men who first invented a dwelling seem to me not to have known that they were only surrounding their kind in a fresh prison for. soul of ours. say.LIFF OF APOLLONIUS. you would argue that confinement here and life in a prison are hard to bear in themselves ? Or do you look upon them as the mere beginning of what you expect to suffer ? Or do you think that they are punishment sufficient in themselves. for such I imagine are the rewards But perhaps of the endurance I have described. even if you are exposed to nothing else in the way of penalty ? Well. 223 . what then is the meaning of all this lamentation about things which have no existence or reality ? For — you ought rather to crying after your friends and relatives. . in closer bonds in them than any whom they may throw into bonds.shall implant strength in you and men are in a prison will avert death from you. and you there. you can prove that the several reasons alleged for your being. each of you. has to endure many things. your accuser alleges . are. being bound and fettered in a perishable We body. all those who inhabit palaces and have established themall . selves securely in them. I consider. I called the son of Athene.

0&9 Bi]p. re em rcov apxt^wv irerravrai e7rrrj^6re<i. HkvOcov oiroaoi dp.ev " Ato<?. evetca rfj yrj 7repi/3e/3\rjo-0ai. dyopd^ov0ecop.rj rov Kpvp.ere(3a\ev. Be^cop.i]S' direXdelv rcov Batepvcov. teal olicLa<. rjv p. IToX. 224 .a£evovcriv. Xp-qs Be 6 7ro\ep. ev yfj Be rov AA-wetB?.ovp. ftijvai dv iradelv p.coBovre<. /3ov\a2<? K.ovp. rd pi]6evra p. cl) Beapuov iroirjrai.6i9 S 1 ev9vp.evoL teal 7ro\Aoi>9 rCiiv croepcov re zeal pxtteaplcov dvBpcov.ijBev etec-lpco ^vvovres.ev rrore eBefli] rov p. "lerrpoi re yap avrovs ov paBiot opi"C.. BeBeadat.e0a. (petal teal rov 'Qfeeavbv ire.0709. ev ovpavco virb rcov iiirb 'Hepaiarov irporepov.povo<i p.cor^pLcp ttoWoI a^jraaOai re teal eV i\7riBo<.}j rcov ovrco rovs ev rat Be^apevcov avrd \ei7roip.e9a ravra. Be irpovzeal TrrjXdtcicrav. Be eiefe\r)crid%ovra$ zeal ieai av zeal 7ro/i7ra9 irepurovra^.iKcoraro<. co? BeBea6ai p.ev ra<. &><? erlrov re 01 Becrp.oi dcreXyei? edr/aav.)) fi€ipaKici)Bt]<i 6 A.ov arcoaiv. el cpepovrai fiev. dX)C ev avrat? Be p. tovtov<. teal ravrl yap vp-erepa. p. ravr ev6vp. rvpavvlBe<.evov<.evcp fioi zeal tcl^V Boieel ravra SecrfKDTijpia elvai kolvci. &)? pa^coBelre 7rp6<. zeal TavdiBes virb Trorafiol virepfi^vai.ovcn teal &epp. ov pieiov rjpuov BeBevrai. &>? p. Tov<i eidupovs.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.

there are those who teach that the ocean also encompasses the earth in order to chain it in. rhapsodies to this despondent crowd. and they imagine they are driving about. let us accept our fate with resignation. and tell them how Kronos was once put in bonds by the wiles of Zeus and Ares. O ye poets." Such were the words which he addressed to his companions in the prison. II. except when they are hard frozen and they fix up their houses on their waggons. . When we think of these things. when they are merely cowering in them. Come. and they are very difficult to cross.LIFE OF " APOLLOMUS. that we may not be found inferior to those who have accepted the same before us. BOOK VII I think of cities and walls. O . or insulted by despots. 225 VOL. and the frequenters also of spectacles. . Recite your And when to me . and they had such an elfect upon them that most of them took their food and wiped away their tears. as well as those who organise public Then there are the Scythians who go processions. in chains Yio less the members of the Assembly. it seems chap. and reflect on the many wise and blessed men who have been thrown into prison by wanton mobs. so that the xxu merchants are in chains. . for this is your domain. hem them in. And if you don't think it too silly a thing to say. about upon waggons they are just as much in chains as ourselves for rivers like the Ister and the Thermodon and the Tanais. believing that they could never come to first harm as long as they were in his company. and later upon earth by the sons of Alois. was . enchained in heaven by Hephaestus. the most warlike of the god-^. and walked in hope. that these are common prisons.

ovk dvemrrjBev- T&)? el%ev. Tt)? 8' varepaias BieXeyero fiev e? rbv avrbv vovv £uvt€lv(ov. rov Be irapaXeXotTrevai rd \6yov e%6p. kcli mvBvveveiv n. " " o) av /xev. avrbv \e%(o" XXVIII cap. Beo-fjLGonjpia) rovrco ra p.e/xvi]ro ical opoiv.kpav i]Bi] rrep.FLAVILS PHILOSTRATLS XXVII cap. ri A«/U9 avrdv 226 Be. fieya. a eiceivid Trpovficuve. tov rvpdvvov drrdyetv avrov e'9 \otBopl.ev emj3el3ov\€vpbeva.ev r)v. rd Be. rrape\p.a<.ro. ov8 d^ia p. 'ILyevero irreicro&La.rj epuol arrovBdaac.(pop. y\corrr}<.ov.ara i) Se/ca. earrep. olfiac. Kal erepa ev ra> . i7re1pa.Trri]v.ev Br) a^rj/xa fo>9 avrov Karrjcp^ eBo/cet. Kadeip/cro . Be ical ti fiovkei. re ecpaafce. ov yap Bia{3e/3\)jcrr} ye vrr 7r/)09 ep. &>? %vv- erreaev.eva' earrepa Be i)p." ecpi}. olot roiv avKocfyavTiKtov 01 avveCko^oreq rf?9 6ktu> pi]p. 6 oe /it] 'AttoWcovios %v viels re^vr)? BieXeyero. Xeye. o rdv. rrorapiaiv re yap 7T/309 avrov? ep. vrrep eTrefivtjo-dr). vq> a)9 wv oi fiev on/yovro. ovrrw fieyaXa.ep. KaX Qr\pia oir/ec Kai oevopa. o o ovoev errepatvev.at rbv fiaaiXea. eyaj Be brrbaa p.7reraL Be tl$ dxpoarr)$ row BiaXe^ewv vrrb rov Ao/xeriavov icaOeifievos' rb p.

who spoke the was already the 227 Q 2 . and not of sufficient importance to o^AeuluT But Damis. and day of his imprisonment. I only it emperor's a i>P ear. He had great looked as if he ran a great risk. has describes merit my notice. BOOK VII XXVII On the next day he was haranguing them in a citap. had a downcast air. Apollonius saw through the and talked about themes which could in no wav for he told his audience about serve his purpose rivers and mountains. ce you say what you like. as he himself admitted. recoi'ded There followed other episodes in this prison.luc e was evening. volubility of speech. and others of xxvni mere chance. 1 " them is give what to the point. for the last man in the world to inform against I am ." XXVIII some of them insidiously contrived. said Apollonius. as is usually the case with sycophants who have been chosen to draw up eight or ten informations. and. so that they were amused. when he tried to draw him away from these subjects and get him to abuse the tyrant. but say if I find it anything to blame in you the Emperor. XXVII discourse of the same tenor. " My good friend. I believe. while And the informer gained nothing to his purpose. fifth in his anxiety to It omit nothing." trick . when a man was sent His into the prison privately by Domitian to listen repartee to an In his deportment this person informer to what he said. chap. I'll to his face. and he described wild animals and trees to them. when a certain person entered the prison.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS.

ftdWov e/CTr\rjTT(op. Tj aTTOppi'jTOV. Set he koX 777309 to £vpL/3ou\evcrei /cal " " cpOeypa tov /3acrt\ea)s irapeaKevaaOai ere teal tov irpoa C07T0V. yap del pidXiaTa icai eincpaLvei." ecf>rj. h ocppvs c7 rj eiriKeiTai tw toO 6cp6aXpov tovtl pr) p. " ttov" " " 6 Tvavevs " 'FjWtjvikos T1]V /cal .ev n fiovXoio.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS CAP. r hia\e%r) tw /3aai\el v7rep(f)pov€LV " " . el p.eQa. S' ovhevos" " tov ^vp. hia\eyop.i] /coXa/ceveiv iretvoi. avpiov" ecpt]. ?. ecr-i TavTa. iroiovvTes aoi " eivai. apevov ere opojv £vp. Al\iavov he ravra d/ojfcoevai 6° " BiaXe^erat aoi 6 fiaaiXevs" " 1 eho/cec. " pi]& avTov ft>? " apicna. iyco he kcu tov ivravOa /3lov kol tov e£&) TavTov TrpciTTw.^ov\evaovToq. 228 .ev y/cco" kept]. 'AiroW-wvie. vt] AC. ei ." " " elrrev. (pvo-ea><.ai p. £vviT]p. ecp>].ev yap inrep " ovhe r heopxti. /cav 7rpau><i hta\eyj]Tai. " /ca\w<.eo~Ti] irapeia ^o\i}<i." "real p. puj vrrepopav. irdv. and makes the spy's words extend far. (pcovt]v. epiavTov ireireiKa" virep " /cal yaipu) irapea/ceuatovtojv p." eiirev. &>9 twv rrapa mTTTovTwv. ' el^re. (f)deyyeTai pev 717509 to hvcrTpoTrov yap /3apv. tl o . vpels. yap so /cal bpoia. el p. diroXaficov avTov. pLOVOV yap 8j} CICeLVOV eloevai avTo. r\0ei. o AttoX- Kayser reads ooku.i]v /cal too eVi tov Secr" pcoTrjpiov €7rirr/8eL(p TTpoe'iprjTai" ecpT]. 1 & Tvavev.ptTpcos.i" " TOV 09. 0Q)p Si T£9 £9 TO ecprj. &6(TflG)Tr]pLOV.

and I do not need anything." said the other." "You you with everything which you " but I lead exactly are very kind. and his eyebrows overhang the sockets of his eyes and his cheeks are so bloated with bile. O Apollonius. who Apollonius. for they rather belong to nature than to anything else. and they always are the same. 229 ." said the " and I am other. for I converse about casual topics." " I Avill direct from Aelian. it was about this that I am come. "and it is what I have made up my own mind to do. keep your secret/' said " for it is only Aelian. that this distinguishes him more than anyWe must not be frightened. Tyana. " word has been given to the chief jailor to supply may want. need someone to advise you how to converse with the Emperor?" "Yes." merely advised you not to slight him nor flout him?" " He could give no better advice." And Apollonius replied : : ." "Moreover. by heaven. the same life here as I would outside." he replied. can know so much. . by these characteristics. O man of thing else. I think." said Apollonius." said Apollonius. : BOOK VII " Where is the man of chap." " Well. and also for the for he talks in a disagreeable quality of his face deep voice. and said xxvnr Tyana?" And taking Apollonius aside he said " It is to-morrow that the Emperor will give you an And this he appeared to have heard audience. Hellenic tongue." " And do you not. "if only he will not " And what if he try to get me to flatter him.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. delighted to find you so sensibly but you ought to be prepared for the way disposed in which the Emperor speaks. even if he is merely engaged in a gentle conversation.

7rpo? rbv i^Kovra teal rotavra hiaXe^Oel<i dirayyeiXas avrd irpbs rbv ' Adjuv itcdOevhev. ical fwv(p. " tceXevei ere 6 (3acnXev<. efiol he i^eXdelv avrap/ces ifiavrov re crcoaavra /ecu TOU9 eraipovs." real " e<fir). vi) At.ai rov /caipov. ravrl yap /xdXa ecnrepa<." hiaXeyj) ' . <S KrroXXuyvie. iOdpprjcre re avrbv Kalroi ev (ipxfl heiaas. AttoXXwvios %vyyeveo~6ai rovrcov i/xol " . 0V7TU) diroXoy^aofievov. rl fSovXerat eiirev. virep wv /civBvveva). ftpovrq i) (pcovrj. "inrep " ' av. Xcovtos. Tlepl he opdpov <ypapbjxarev<i Xeioov ' ' ra "jtccov rebv ftacri- hi/cwv. /a^S' &><. ifcetvois ravra. " ov yap eiirev. irepl 7rXij6ovaav dyopdv e? rt)v avXi)v tftcetv. " irporepoc? ye irpoareraicrai" ecpy). " 'OSucro-eu? fievTot.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.'' ecpi). irpos riva ovv? fie" " ravra eiTrw (l " ." ovv. o Lvavevs " ye. " (j)Oirav" ^ph l P i? 011 <*>? hea/xwrr/piov rrpocrrkraKrai" 230 . oo"T69 wv " " rvy)(dvei<i. XXIX cap." " e<pr). vvvl he irapayyeXwv rjXOov. irapto)v e? to rov TloXvtyiyxov avrpov. €(f>r). teal dirfjXOe rov avrpov avrjp §6£a<. p.i)K ola aireirai. dXX' Ihelv re ae. irpbs rov? a^ovrds e/c " elrre. fii')re oiroaos earl irpoaKrjKou)^ irpbrepov. Kayw he d(j)i£op..

without having been informed beforehand either of xxxvnI the giant's size. and I only came to give you the message now." he replied.mperor's orders. XXIX about dawn a notary came from the Royal tF^E" It is the said court." said Apollonius. and after reporting them to Damis he went to sleep. or of how he thundered with his voice." " And " why. and to talk with you alone." then." < And and : . by Heaven. do you trouble me with " these details ? "Are you not then Apollonius ? " said the other." he said. because the orders were issued late last night. though he was in some trepidation to begin with and if he left his cave after acquitting himself like a man. companions." replied the " to other. or what he ate. 231 . and I will come here in good time. in whose behalf I incur this risk. O Th Apollonius. that you should repair to his court at the emperor tkne when the market-place is full not indeed as yet aSXkSus to make your defence. them." said the other. "should I give this message?" "To those who will take me thither.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. BOOK VII " If Odysseus could go into the cave of Polyphemus. "Yes. "for I suppose that I shall have to get out of this prison somehow." " Orders have already been given. and yet did not lose his presence of mind. chap. I too shall be quite satisfied if I get off with my own life and with that of my . "and " To whom of Tyana too. for he wants to see you and find into his out who you are. F." Such were the words that passed between him and his visitor.

dyeiv. tceXevei <P pacoTi]*. ftdXXov /caTatywvras e? tovto 8e ov^ inrep twv virep eirl eiirev.eva> o)V jxol i) vv£ yeyovev avafxv^adrjvai " zeal [aijv QpcuoTov ttotc r)Kovaa" eyp7]yopevai re.." e(f»]. yap 0&9 Ttdaaevovcnv dvdpwiroi. fi/)Te iraleiv." eiirev. ^ufx/xeTpou. dU' 6 ye dve/xv)jaOr]v xprjcrrbv rov (PpacoTOV fSovXofiac SieXOeiv e? 77/30? ae. avro- a^eSiO) yap to. el iraioivro. -%a\c7ri] yap /3ovXop. aAX' Xpw/jLevovi ovtc " dpia-ra [xev. l x^v ^ airrjXQev. irapbvra teal aol Softer tovs Xeovras. e/c Oepaireveiv. " eXP*) v paWov zeal " €&1]." Tt reiv eavrbv e? to TrapijyyeX/xevov fieya ovrws fJLTjhe.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS XXX xxx ^ Ad fit. e<fii] (o Aujjli. fj rvpdvvovs av eKireaelv ip/ecro roi ' rovs e<prj. l-eofxat. " 6 X0709 00T09 oXA. /xvrjo-ttcafceiv /jl>}t€ yap avrov<." SiSovs. <p7]al 6° irapa ru> Alacoirco Xecov ev tw .' eari 7-49 /cal CTnfXai(p. virep tov piov .ev. ^vvraT6V. " KOI 7TW9 UV et'Sco? %VVTaTTOL/JL1]v" " epijcreTai. ov yap i)viav Or/playv dycoyP/^ ea7rov8d^ojj. " avToaxeSidcreis ovv" vrj eiirev. aiiTW XpwfiaL. /cAiVr/9. r/}? 6 8' iaurbv eVt WiroXXcovios avairavaa^i " " inrvov. . diretXf/ 8e evdycoya Xeovrojv ?/#>. At . €9 xa Tupdvvcov i]0i] ei'pijrat. dyepco^ovi Ijvv yap tovtou yiyve- aOai.

"if you had to keep awake.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. " Damis." said the other." said Damis. BOOK VII XXX accordingly went away but Apollonius after chap. he made these remarks not really about lions. Phraotes enjoined the tamers of lions not to strike them. for I have had a bad night f Phraotes trying to remember what Phraotes once told me. for we were not interested about how to keep lions and wild but he was really supplying a curb and beasts. " Yes." " And how could I prepare my" when I do not even know what self." ^ ^' " Well." replied." story. because that tends to make them proud and fierce . to " for it is an life he : He resting j: by Heaven. but he advised them rather to stroke them with the hand at the same time that they threatened them. himself a little while on his bed said. for I think you will find it very profitable under the circumstances. for he said that they bear you a grudge if they are struck but also not to flatter them. Well. 233 ." said Apollonius. " he will ask of me ? " Then are you going questions defend your life extempore?" said Damis. you had much better have occupied yourself in preparing for so great an occasion as now is announced to you. I could remember of the conversation of Phraotes. extempore But I want to tell you what that I have always led. rein for tyrants of such a kind as he thought would in practice keep them within the lines of good " This sense and moderation. as the best way of reducing . I need sleep. them to obedience and docility. (i is indeed most apposite to the manners of tyrants but there is also a story in Aesop about a certain lion — — .

. firjBe BetKWTai rt twv e^iovrcov ' Xyyos . ical avro Be to rj/ceiv 234 . eo-Kkt]du>fievy 7rpoF)\6e. &><? ev Beo-fKOTrjplcp r)pajTO)v. ecpeiTreTO Be <f)v\arcrj<i BeBidx. irkeov enre'^ovevena ofiapTOvvres. Bo/celv Be. ice\eva>v eirl Ovpas r)Bi) elvai. ainecrdai. ri)v Be aXoo7reKa. " " ical !'w- d&TTOV. TavTa bcrov eir elvrwv virvov earracre /cofiiBj) fipa~)(y &>9 /cal 6<p6a\fiov<i r)\6ev. ' o Aa/u? fiev. teal Oeia eBo/cei eiBet eK7r\rj^t<i. o Be eiirwv. 6" opfifi iropevofievw avrw Bopv(f)6poi T€9 ical r) ol €7n]Ko\ov6ouv TeTTapes. eyco. a ecpolra ^ap' avrov. tovtco xprjcrofAeda." $jvv ecpt). irpoaev^dfievo<i el/cos. ewpwv re rj fiev Bi] e9 rov AttoWcoviov diravTes. avrov yap tov irepl to) o-yrffiaTos aTrefSXeTrero. Bie\eyeTO Tot? irpocnoucnv. " aocfxorepav rr)v 6 " aXX? ^AttoWcovlo^.^v rjXco. oiroaa ical ovt(ds dyopas " TrXyjdovcrr]^ d<pi/cveirat ypafifir) fiarev<. /ecu tmv 6))pl(ov. ri firjBe Trap ov dvaXvei " /cal Tt?. %vvvoovvti 6" ofioios. tw 'H\l(p. dv. avrbv 6 At'<T&)7ro9 ov voaelv fxev. ecpii. dXcoTre/ca r)yovp." fiev. rifiepa 8' iyevero.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. eiirelv. el irap- e\6ovaa rci kcrco fir) aXk' itjr)\0e rov airrfkaiov iX vrl T ^ eavrffs Bei/cvvo~a" XXXI cap.

CHAP. and then he conversed with all who to the paiace i came up and asked nun questions and so about the time when the market fills a notary came and this just enough to close his eyes." And Apollonius said "Let us go.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. adding " Lest we should not get there in time for the : summons into his presence. and when he offered his prayers to the Sun. for no one ever quits his residence. day came he could is'escortod in prison. And Damis also followed in his train. as for myself I should have regarded your fox as a cleverer animal. And on the way four body-guards followed him. in some trepidation indeed. but only pretended to be so." lived in a cave. which struck them with astonishment . and that he seized on other wild animals who went to visit him and ' What are accordingly the fox made the remark we to do with him. • . for not only were they attracted by his dress and bearing. sick. as best ' After making liii- . ." and eagerly went forth. keeping : at a greater distance from him than would an escort appointed merely to guard him. nor are any tracks to be seen of his And Apollonius revisitors going out again?' marked " Well. Now the eyes of all were turned upon Apollonius. BOOK VII and Aesop says that he was not chap. and instead of being caught had issued from the cave safely and left clear tracks behind him. : who : XXXI remark he took a short nap. but apparently plunged in thought. ordered him to repair at once to the court. but there was a godlike look in his eyes. and moreover the fact 2 35 . if he had gone in to see the lion.

BC avrb he tovto dpyopuevov Kal BepairevovTa tov fiaatXea.. TeOvewTi yap Bij eoiKa$. TeOveuiTi. t ^ " tol Kal irpoaeaTyKapiev Ovpacs roiauTaa" BoKel? " & Adfii. Be {3a\avei(o ravra el/cdcrdcu." " KiroXXdivie. irco ireireiKe tov Xvttwvtu " bv T€ Kal dypiov BeawoTijv dirocpvyelv.fit." €(pi]. A7Bou Xeyerai. Be eloiv ol puev eic\eXov p. eyco Be irapecrKevd- 236 ." " d> Ad eiirev. oi B aXovrois" tov /zt) \oyov tovtov dcrvXov Belvi i) /ceXevco (pvXdrreiv kcu tw tw Beivi Trpocrypdcpeiv aiiTov. ovrco ri 'AttoX&>9 /ecu Xwvlov ovtcl.?.evoi$. bcnrep ev p.ev dpyeiv. (ppovpbv yyeiaOai toutcovI tmv n " ov itvXwv elvai. Kal tov AlaKor. toi/? i^lOVTCOV 0epa7T€VGVTa<i.ev yap e'^w ecrco opo) cnrevBovra^. Trpoaearco'i Be TOi? j3aaiketoi<i Kal rovs p.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap aX XI virep dvBpSiv KivBvvevaovTa Kal tov<$ fiaGKaivovTas avT(p irporepov eTrtTi^Beiovf. " 0) AdlpU. ovBe . tovs Be eaco e£co. " a) Adpi. rovs p.t]v ck pbeipaKiov (pt\ocro(bo)v.oi. (pp.ocj)GK\ri<." Xcovios. e? e7riaTo\'>]v avro) dvayeeiri- <ypd(pdai. KaiTOi tjvvcov pot ypovov." ?. iaiovTcov re Kal " BoKel pLOl" e<j)T}. irapcnrXijcrcot . " ecf)r]. " a^iu).ev depairevopuevov^ opoyv. irpos tov OdvaTov elvai p-oi (paivj]. Kal avrol r/pijpbeOa' TavTa elnrev. IBoov he Tiva pbdXa 7rpeo~/3vT>]v Oufiovvra p. " tovtov" e(f)i].^tet?." Te6vi]^opevw Be. KTVTTOV. e-nolei Tore. Kal o 'AttoA.

3a9 a master. have chosen for our own "It Apollonius are standing here at such gates as these." said Damis." "O Damis. that. friends conciliated the good wishes even of those who were evilly disposed to him before. When he halted at the Palace and beheld the throng of those who were either being courted or were courting their superiors." he said. 00 ing to get an appointment. BOOK VII that he had come to Rome to risk his life for his criAP. he remarked Damis. and in order to do so was seeki^ before the Emperor and fawning upon grovelling him. O Damis. hastening out ." " Yes. and some of them resemble people who have been thoroughly well washed. " but And Apollonius answered shortly to be so. whom not even Sophocles so far has been able to persuade to phito Rep. although vou have been with me some time. vou do not seem to me to take very kindlv to death.Discourse letters. " O Damis. and heard the din of those who were " It seems to me." " Not dead yet. and have studied philosophy from your first But I had imagined that you were prepared youth. " Here is one. " that we ourselves. " that you j^." This saying is the inviolable property of Apollonius. : : 237 ." seems to me. run away from a master who is raging mad. and I wish it to be reserved to him and not ascribed to this man and his. people outside hastening in. as he Damis for for verily you cowardice is said to be of the gates of Hades look like a dead man. genuinely ." said Damis.LIFE OF APOLLOXIUS.'s''\vitu imagine Aeacus to be warden of these gates. for it is so thoroughly and that he has repeated it in one of his There he saw a very old man who was try. that this place resembles a bath for I see : O . Apolfor that is why we lonius. and others those who have not been washed at all." said the other. passing in and out. and those within.

daWov AdpLiBt 777 ?. dWd ra£ea><. 238 . firjBe drroQavovvrai. kcu orrXirevovaiv ovk ev^rv^la^ Bel pcovov. ovrco Kai ev rols ot9 (pi\oao(povo~iv e7rifie\t]rea &j? fir] roiv KaipMV. 0&9 WBcoviBt 'Aaavpioi rroiovvrai hrrep opyiwv. avrov re ae BiBdcnccov a7Telpi]Ka" XXXII r. Be arecpavov exwv 6 fiao-i\ev<.fi WBooviBos. o° dra/croi. %vv dpiarrj aipeaei avTovs rrpoa- (pepoevro.Oip'd Be av\i) dvOewv ereO)j\ei ki]ttol^. e'9 6avaro)vre<i. /ecu rrjv ev ep. erepois re cnro\e\6yrjfiai aov rrapbvros. a6ai re ae irpbs avrov. ica\ elBevat iraaav. ov emcrrreaOaL 01. 777309 Be roll iepols tov /xerearpdepij. rd ev rvocri Buoaa/xeva) irdvra. \6yov<i dcpi/cecrOaL ra> dvBpi. eirel Be a^o\rj tw e<? /SaaiXei eyevero. A '': 'E7rl roaovrov puev Bi] ravra. dprt fiev redvKoos ervy^avev ev avK. tw rwv roiovrwv.ol ra/critcijv umirep yap rols /na)£Ofi€voi<.?. ep)JLY]vevovai]^ rov^ tcaipovs t?}<? /xa^?." e/C7r\ayels virb rot eiBovs rov dvBpos. on Be apiard re /cal Kara rbv rjKOvra (piXoaocpta tcaipbv ei\6/xi]v uiroOv-qcrKeiv. W. iraprjyov /mev avrov e? rd {3ao-[\eia ol eiri/jLeX^ral %vyxa>p)j(Tavre<. teal " AlXiave.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. opLoopocpiovs avrovs (pvrevovres. el Tt? diroKTeiveiv (3ov\oito.

for BOOK VII with all the chap. . for just as men in battle. to give an audience to our sage. but may meet their enemies upon ground of their own good choosing. for he had just Athene in the hall of been offering a sacrifice to Adonis and this hall was bright with baskets of flowers. and was so much struck by "O Aelian. And the Emperor was wearing a wreath of green leisure. so also philosophers must wait for the right opportunities when to die . that he said 239 . rites. it. ' having got rid of all his urgent affairs. I have both proved to others befoi-e whom I defended myself in your presence. But that I made my choice well of a moment to die in and found an occasion worthy of a philosopher. it Apollonius' appearance. off their guard. so that they be not suicides rush into taken supposing anyone wants to kill him." XXXII So far these mattei*s then .LIFE OF APOLLON1US. no matter how heavily armoured they be. require not merely pluck. the interview attendants whose office it was conducted him into " ith Domitian ii t-\ r 11 1 the palace. Though the Emperor was engaged with his religious his honour. such as the Syrians at the time of the festival of Adonis make up in growing them under their very roofs. • Emperor had leaves. but when the chap. without allowing Danns to follow him. but also a knowledge of tactics to interpret to them the right opportunities of battle. and am tired of teaching yourself the same. nor like death. : he turned round. and had also acquainted yourself have at my XXXI strategy and tactical resources that I command .

roi><. rporrov. AAA 1 I " Zaipbovd 6 fxoi e7recr/jyaye<. dcfreXovcra royv rov ALop. rt}V o~e S' ov7rco r) Oebs r) w fiaaiXev. re yyovpai teat dfyovs uXX eirrev. eiirev.ovov<. /a// airaye e? lvoovs. ri rj " diro\oyo)p. /3ao~i\ev.rj AOr/vdv oprarj^ dfieivov tovs re avSpas if rd tmv " Baifiovcov eiSrj rdr<fiiXocro(pe.VV. . .. Vcf)' dvOpwiroi %elpov fiXerrovaiv. tovto /xe dva&{. ecpy].o\ rroXepiwrdrovs dv8pa<. enrev. ep." e(pr].ev S-?) fiaaiXevs ." " " irws ovv. eyco £' " oe. KaQairrbjxevo^ > a v rjKovaev. tov (piXrdrov o~oi Nepova kcu rwv koivuwovvvirep rcov avru> t% atrlas Xeye. crov. e'lXiyirrai.8ao-tce. yap dv rdX^Oi] KpinTTOipi 240 o p. w " uyXvv €Ka9/]po) orov (pi\oao(f)M. tcddapcriv ravrr/v fi/rjv eSec ye. — arroKoyov. t/ " . rrore rrjv " fcdi. ical oi dvSpa<. 6cf)6a\po)v. rrjv Aurjvav (opiiiv em p:ep. aicove. "J. rf/s dvOpdnrcov eTrcovvplas deovs ravT7]<.ijbov<. ovs eyd> p.FLA VI US PHILOSTRATUS CAP. tois" " o~v 8e. o\\' 0V X ^ avro ^ ^vveiStos eKei'vo) roiavra. o>? avrrjv rtjv p. tt/309 ^\dpyav <$>padiTi]v " icai 7rp6<i rovs 'IvSovs. dSitceis dhiKwv ydp " el." " dfcovaai /3ov\ei." irdXai." " o~oi rroXepios ?} TtsV e(pi]. ehwKev avru> Oeovs re StaycyvcoaKeiv i/ccWrjpev. <c v '4/3 e<py." a\\' re « ovre Zjv >' i/C7r\ayel<i " 'AttoWcovio^. elire.e\r)o~0ai ?]<." eirre.ai inrep p-rj avrov. TTjV ydp TOl d')(\." e<fii]. ravrrjv . a £vi'oi£)a. ov koli rov AlO/jLlj8oVS 7T0T6 €V TpOLCL. Oeovs ivofiicra*.

" and ever since I have been Long ago. made xxxir free to comment upon the Emperor's words." " And philosopher." Apollonius. O sovereign. you shall not plead it. and said: " As for myself." then. . "O Emperor." But CHAP. in the same way as she was Diomede's long ago in Troy for she removed the mist which dulls the eyes of men from those of Diomede." said the . and endowed him with the But the faculty of distinguishing gods from men." said the Emperor. if Athene did so. both of them Indians and the only human beings that I regard "Don't try as gods and meriting such a title?" persons to put me off just tell me with Indians.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. that you might behold her more clearly and not confuse mere men with the forms of demons." would hear how far I am in his counsel. 127 my sovereign yet it were well. "you privy to his designs. please hear me. when did you. "but about your darling Nerva and his I to plead his cause. that you have introduced to me." said the Emperor. for why should I conceal " Now the Emperor imagined that he the truth ? 241 VOL. that you are not yourself equally guilty as being " If. "Am handed in guilt but just prove to me." said Apollonius. if you can. without losing his composure. I imagined that Athene was a demon Apollonius. goddess has not yet purged your eyes as she did his. " for he has been taken redsaid the Emperor." " How comes it a philosopher." said accomplices. " have this mist cleared away from your eyes ? you " said he. R . "is there between yourself and Iarchas or Phraotes. and privy to his designs. II. Iliad 5. is BOOK VII your tutelary goddess." said Apollonius. "that you have come to regard as gods who are most hostile to myself?" "And what hostility. — ." " " " or ? No.

7]UevTL v<f> ^vvapaivro. /cal vcoOpoi iiirep .d<. XXXIII xxxiii vJ o o)9 p. /cal 8ia/3e/3Xr)p.evoi Trpbs ttXovtov.d>p. dp. /caT7]yopia iravra' /cal ^vvrerayQe.oi$ eyci) puapwrdrovs dv6 qwttcdv /cal av B\ &>9 xpijarol re elat eTrLTnihwvTas evpov.aro<. g'l oy/cov Trpayp^droov. pe ovv. 0) <pi\o%p7)ovrods. vcodprfi Be Trpdrreiv oirocra e^eart. " ctvkoiv dvoiBrjcras S' o /3acri\ev<.ov<i. ?}yovp. OOf?7? TaVTTjS elBev. aTTopprfrcov re Xap. p. (pdvrrjv cbv J']/covcre.FLAV1US PHILUSTRATUS cap. &>9 /cal ra<.ai. /ca/ccb<? fitapal /cecpaXai. TOt9 ep.OTai vp. " ejco" kefir).. OU9 \eyeis.i]0 p.ev ical oTBe ol dvBpes. p. eXey^ei S' 7) yap oiroaa 6p.. pcoTrcov oiha zeal /cal irpaorarov dpyovra pkv dyadov. in]6' <W9 2V?79.rft &)9 dXa^oov.7]- veiev ovr av erepw evuvp. rip. oirocra olBa. euXaftt] 8' ovtco 7rpo<.ii' 242 . p. aov epwroip-evovs.. zeal ydp dv puiffi /cd/ceivov<. (ppovcov inrep tovs vop. adxppove^ p. "Nepoijav auxppoveararov avO/cat crol eiriTijSeioTaTOV.erecopov aVTOV V7TO T1]<.7rpci)V d/cpodcracrdat a'eTO." " eiirev.r)ff &>9 a>9 70779 C09 €i (pdvai. eir avTois e'iX7)<pa<.cp' civt6v. /cal e? to jjvvTelvov Tfjs dircoXeias twv dv8po)V y/ceiv Travra. Se&ievai. Be Pov<f)Ov yap irov Xeyecs /cal "Opcpnov. vecorepa Be ovr dv avrol evOvp.

Orphitus. and that whatever transpired would conduce to the destruction of the persons in question. his friends. and the objects for shall 1 .LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. I know Nerva to merely said be the most moderate of men and the gentlest and xeV^ftothe the most devoted to yourself. would in their turn deny that you were a wizard and a hot-head and a braggart and a miser.chap. so far as I know. and that you looked down on the laws. somewhat sluggish while as for revoluto do all they lawfully may . only sluggish. as well as if had been present and taken part in everything. all the oaths which you took. they are the last people in the world either to plan it or to take part with another who should do at But the Emperor was inflamed with anger so. For I can imagine put the question to them they about you." what he heard and said " Then you mean to say : guilty of slander in their cases. since you assert that they are good men. tation. BOOK VII secrets. for I suppose you refer to Rufus and : . whom I have ascertained to be the vilest of mankind that I am and usurpers of that too. you accursed rascals. 243 r 2 . —these men also are discreet. that he shrinks from office. xxxnr " For myself. as well as a good ruler Emperor though he is so averse to meddling in high matters And as for of State. was going to hear Apollonius confess very important chap. if I unmask everything for I know. and averse from wealth. that you all hold together like thieves. But the accusation my throne. tion. xxxn XXXIII But Apollonius seeing him on tip-toe with expec. And so it is.

? Kovpaq. 6 8' inrep pev irepl t?. t) /3aai\ev. rj dSifcecs £'</>»/.. olBa.?." " ravrl pev" 244 " ovB' ecpy. . w " fiaai\ev. el Be Brjaeiq." e<prj. ovBev ^ 6 Be oiBa. Kal irXeico p-e /3aai\ev. " el p. cpr)<jei<. o o~VKO<pdvrr)<. "Apteral to evOevce rr)<i e? rbv dvBpa vfipews. rj el irapervyyavLv re Kal i/coivcovovv" " ' ovde ravra eKir\ayei<. ovk ifc twv voptov hiKci^etv inrep fov ireireLcraL el ireirelaOac virep (bv pi] iSitcaaa<. Bijcras. dpyov. elirev. irepl ep. ala^pov. yeveuov re airoKeLpas avrov Kai ^otr?.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.e inrep Be rcov BeapLwv. xxxiii /cat virep 6)V r aelov Kal oirore Kal tl Ouaacnv. irwq . yorjra eXvai elirev. yevoipnp> av. > B ovrcos i ^X €l ^vy^wp-qaov o) evOevBe pot t/}? diro'\.." Bijo-eis .ev yoyrd ircos " fiyfj? e<pr).oyia q ap^aaOar KaKws. " tPjs pev diroXoyias" ^yu> Be Kal ijBrj e<? " oiroOev f3ov\ei.. el BwaipLtpj. rals Opigi KivBvvevcov" p. ev re Tots" KaKovp r/ordroi<i " eXeXrjdeiv. " Kal avrjaw ye ov irpbrepov" ere rj " rj vBcop yevecrdai tl Oypiov i) BevBpov. oiroOev o tl iravoopuaL Kal irpocnJKei dp^acrOai" XXXIV cap.ov (ppovels. real rj " ecpi]. a yap tVetvo? BiBd^etv av irplv d/covcrai ireireicraL.

will 245 . O sovereign. BOOK VII it. or into a tree. before you hear them. which you took them. but I know very it is and with what well where to best to begin. O sovereign. XXXIV From that moment he began to insult the sage. XXXHI not even blench. permit me and plead my defence. he remarked you think me a wizard. that it was treasonable to wear : off his beard. " accusations which he only offers to prove. You are prejudiced against me." At Apollonius : all this and CHAP. and when you did what was your preliminary sacrifice. Apollonius remarked forgotten. could." Aoollonius.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. and you do me a greater wrong than could any false informer. and hair. chap. nor is it congruous with the law." said the Emperor. and confining him the vilest felons . that you should either pretend to try a case affecting persons about whom you have already made up your mind." And as regards his imprisonment in " If bonds. "for I will not release you until you have turned into water. my sovereign. how can you say that I am a wizard?" "Yes." draw the line. or should have made it up before ever you have did It remarked " is if you will have it so." these " even if I said for 1 : things." Begin your defence. how will you ever fetter me ? And if you fetter me. *?"> by cutting among " I had being shaved. "at any point you tried them. But at once to begin like." replied the Emperor. but merely not creditable to you. for you take for granted. or into some wild " I will not turn into animal. and as regards his hair xxxiv persecutes the Sage long hair.

\coviov iKertjv tov Aop.evr] ovirco AttoWooviov -npoo-eTvyov. raura ^vvdevres diroXeXoyrjaO at p. ore Bi] KeipaaBai. iraaiv vttgvi)<jw e/xavrov oi? av irepi to awfia tovtl Trpdrrris. ^povo^. ^uyKeip. kclitol %vveikoyu>s avTov 7r\eiaTa<. XXXV XXXV cap. irapaiTOv'AttoWcovios Be to. /3pa%eiai.evi]v fiev 1(ovlku><.5.i]vevei p. . \eyia0u) irpoTepov. Kal p-rjv Kal vikwv ttjv aiTtav cr/ci'TaXi]*.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. ovBe p. ra? eavTov tov 'Iooviov epp. '' e7no~To\f) Be lacnl £vy/ceip. TpoTrov.i]Ko<. XXXIV £. dXXa tj) eiri p-yirco Ta ev tCo Kovpa Kai ana BieXexdi]. d^ia yap aTrovBdaai. BeBea6ai Be fxerd ravra. Toiovoe 01a. v / rv ypd<pei 6 A«/t:9. Kal rrw? dv iroTe eBedy pieTCL ttjv BiKacrTr/pifp- dcpelaav -^ri)(pov €tl Kal Ta .aL. .ev Biadij/ea? to Be p../ £ eyevero avra) 7rpo? iAOfieTtai'OV lolci. wv * o M tovs ovBepua ' Blkt] /l / KivBvvev> > n> .. ear av inrep dTTo\oyi]o-(op. ep&)<>. 09 „ v .? pcevov eavrbv toiv Beapiwv.afep>iyopiav ttw tov dvBpos ev yap Kal dirb eTTiaToXf} evpov.eTiavov ylyveadai.<. Tov fjiev Bi] 7rpodya>va t»}? cnroXoyias." virep Be " " " Tt? 6 diroXoyiiaop-evo^ earai . fjbrj irpoBoiTjv irore ovtcis. . 246 . dir?fkde tov BiKaaTiipiov. ev rj f3ov\ovrai. tov A77-0A. y ^vveipu" twv dvBpwv gov? eiire. " Kal decov Trvevfia Kal cro(f)ta<.^ e<pi]. irdaai. dyapi. 5 / r ocnrep €l/al. kcli tlvci i7ri<TTo\)]v dveifkaaav.ev avrov cpacri irporepov. 01 Be f3ao~Kava><.

nor did I ever find any verbosity in any letter of the brief as if they had sage's. for they are laconically been unwound from the ferule of a herald. although I have come across a great many of them. he won his cause and quitted the court. that I will remain but I am ready to endure all you can inflict upon my vile body.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. XXXV made his defence. ment in the Ionian style of language but I never met with any letter of his composed in that dialect. for it is worthy of notice. until I have finished pleading the "And who. so how could he ever have been imprisoned after the Such was the prelude of in private to . happened what ensued after he was shaved and what he said verdict was given in in his discourses. BOOK VII not ever betray men who. chap. and only £j?££y then was imprisoned. "and the spirit replied the passion for wisdom which animates me. 247 . and Apollonius. of tedious prolixity. perverted the facts. Domitian. wrote his testabonds. out of malignity." Emperor. ? But I must defer to relate what I had best narrate first the law court. Moreover. in violation of all justice. v But some have. . as Damis outlines it." " " ? Time. it is true." . * stand in peril and what I am. of the Sages and say that he first made his defence. at the same time that he was enemies and they have forged a certain letter in also shorn the Ionic dialect. in which they on his knees to pretend that Apollonius went down Domitian and besought him to release him of his Now Apollonius. . is going to plead your cause of the gods. which he chap." "asked the cause of these persons.

r/fceiv 7/V pL€V B?) SvpaKOlKTlOS OVTOS. eiirev." " ical firjv \ eiirev.. iravaei. avTa .r/t iff €KOvaLU><.r) in onjoii.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS XXXVI cap. 6 " e(f}i].. 248 .{3ov\o<. o p-ev yap " TTOpptoQev. * rj \ etprj. rt? 55 •? dv (prjOrj . tl or] iv9up. dcpiK- veljal Ti? 69 to BecrpsoTrjpiov." TrdXiv B avTOv Ta? ^aiTa<. WttoWmvlov 5 " 6 55 o>]aa<. 6 - y ev dvBpl TotroBe / 55 y ovk be £\ P. eiirev." aKovaio)^ e? " ecf)t]. " w 6eoi" .. ' I ?• ( yaira*. dvatca\ovvTO<. e'crTt.eiTaL o avTO. o /eop...o)v. \ ." koX TrepidyovTOS es avTas tov \6yov. KadeiTO B\ ojcnrep o irpoTepos.' 7ri0avo)Tepa>v o° etc outo<. Avoiv yap rjfxipacv BeBep^evov tov dvBpos.. " elire. / aAyijcrec to voi><./3poai'as 55 •» » \ ec p.. to irpoaeXOelv avTU> itovrjaOai (pdatcwv. " i]/covTa. 7ro)<i eyoo. " utv^aat.r) ivvoelv TavTa. inrep aXA. dp. Be aa>Ti]pta<. dv 55 Ta<i 5 ' iroTe ~ diroTpvr]0?]vai 55 . eorjae. " ti? / 8' . p. ri tmv irapovTwv BeOrjvaL \ 5 eXcov. (pepeis oe TavTa w? ye clkos.i'}T Be er/ee'Xo? 7T<W9. fxev yap 5. / vov<.. M t eTepois .t i . tov p.ev ovv.€TldVOV Be VOV<$ Te koX y\wTTa. ou yap av. %v/j. &Op. o vov?." eare. aXyovv " " . 7rpb<. 5 wp." )5 ~ 55 7T/90? T(p aKyovvTL. " to p." " " to KapTepel r rs ovk oiBa. te ov 3 ? 55 p. . 5-. . enre. \ " « 6 yap vovs 5-.

who would ever have thought of "The Apollonius being thrown into chains?" person who threw him. of the fetters?" " for my mind is intent upon other matters. and " said Heavens. locks could be cut off? " " who wore them." thought that his ambrosial " "I myself." "I don't know. "must attend to what " Not causes pain." answered Apollonius." Then the other reverted to the matter of his locks and led the conversation round to " As a you man them again. like the earlier one." "And what is it that occupies your mind?" "The " of not noticing necessity. if he had not thought of . this one took up his parable straight from what he saw before him. " for if you are a man like myself." " And how can endure it ? said the other." "And yet the mind. . and he had mind and mouthpiece of Domitian been suborned. : well may bear it who is brought to this pass neither with nor without his "And how can your leg endure the weight will. and was prison •> -*« -V' ! " And who ever it." necessarily. by him. "for surely he would not have done so." said the other. and said that he had purchased the right to visit him. BOOK VII XXXVI For after the sage had been confined for two days chap.LIFE OF APOLLO NI US. such tilings. your mind will either not feel the pain or will order it to cease.T tj Y XT in prison." said Apollonius." said Apollonius. ? e ldi\a s Py this person then was a native ot Syracuse." said Apollonius. and Emperor that he was come to advise him how to save his life. whereupon Apollonius remarked : 249 . some one came to the prison. But he had a more plausible mission for whereas the first one beat about the bush." said Apollonius.

veavla/ce. p-i] rwv iv Tpola rrore 'A^afcov ei? yevop-evos. w? rd p. So/cel? Ta? A^iXXetof? deiaas. rovrwv. XotSopeirac 1 tw wv fiaaiXel virep " tftcovae. rjcrav ical dvyQio?. dcpiKovro pLev irepl rives es avrbv BiafioXal koX rwv iv 'Iww'a Xoywv. dvSpbs v^jrov irpor)KOvro? " " olov" OXvp. 09 oXocpvpaadai Uarp6/cXa> rpr/teal XenroOvpLrjcrai c7 av iv al$ iroXiai re aural ?. o ^vvtrjp.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. e? . el VTrep wv dXyel fidOoi. irpijO^aav.L eir ip-e a>9 eariv thvcpparrjs." ecprj. 777309 Karacppovel he. U7r' avrov Kal (f)oirrjaeiv pel^w erepa' alaObpevos rovs iv ydp irore pueXXovra irapd 250 Aldioirla. . <pi](rlv dirreadat.a<. yap Ta? epds. tt}? So£?7?. rod KaKelva 8ia/3dXXovro<. &) rjo-ta]p. ov rjhiKrjpai.eva<. iXeelv (fida/ceis. ovs dvri^bw<. 6° ixp hiafiefiXrjcrai" 777509 rbv fiacnXea 01 rrepl rrXeiovwv. re " /cal ^avdds iv . YvpLvovs. w<i puXiara S' virep wv irepl Nepovav yap dSitcovvres cpevyovaiv. " ecprj. acpoSpa dv fxot.ei^w irapw^vvrai. Sta/3o\al<i 67ft) lo-%vwv. 6" 010a iravr irpdrrovra. a><. Katroi . rl ov/c av 717)09 eKeivas eirades ra<. err el 1 Kop. 67. re pbkvw<i iireiBi] avrw koX dirt^dr]cfiacriv. Ala. el cjo£i]<. ireirovOev dvatcoiTels " e<pij.7TioviKrjv eipTj/cas. oe a^aa £w wv eiripovXr] teal v?) ravra eXeyero. eliras.

: l importance to that matter. young man.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. does everything and these are far from against me which he can being the worst injuries which he has done me. For hearing once on a time that I was about to visit the naked sages of Ethiopia. but in particular on those for which Nerva and his friends are being prosecuted." said Apollonius. and you would at least have swooned at such a spectacle. when he cut them off in honour of Patroclus. BOOK VII It is lucky for you. when you spoke of him in hostile and But they say that he attaches embittered tones." sort of Olympic winner is this you tell me "that pretends to win distinction by the weightiness of his slanders. he set himself to poison of. and. For if as you say. because his anger whetted by the graver charges. But I quite realise that he is Euphrates. XXXA for it one of the Aehaeans long ago in Troy to me that you would have raised a terrible seems hullaballoo over the locks of Achilles. what would you not have felt over those of Achilles " which were nicely curled and auburn ? The other of course had only made his remarks out of malice. that you were not criAP. 25 1 . to see whether he would reproach his sovereign on account of his sufferings. t( . by Heaven. and this although the informer from whom he learnt those first charges little is is " A new a very distinguished person of great reputation. I know. namely of injuring the government. . For certain informations have been conveyed to him about your words in Ionia. But he was so shut up by the answers he got that he said " You have incurred the royal displeasure on several grounds. in order to see what would make Apollonius wince. you are full of pity for my locks which were all grey and frowzy. supposing he really did so. who.

vrrep BiBaa. av i% Oiv " e/cel pbh> yap pa0r)o~6p. Ta% av airrjXOov /^S' IBoov tovs clvSpas" davp. 252 ravrl yap elrrwv drrrfkdev. evravOa Be ecpi]. otopevov re. bibao-fcovo-r)<." " a\V ecniv" " ecpi]. icadiei Tvpvols oo^ai . /cciMas t?. Bia/3o\d<> fiov 777)0? civtovs Kareart]. ra. oviroi oiBev. elirwv iBedyv. tcaXov Kayauov. aeavrov ev QeaQai BiBa^afievco avrov.\ irplv evravua y/ceiv Aeja? ouo av ebeur]<i. rovri be /3aai\ev<.e. rj/cco.oiov avrov 009 e? rov rw " fiaaiXei \oyov. koX el e7rc/3ovXrj<i pvr) t?}<? %vvrj/ca.? elite. to ewai p. ri ireiaopLai aXijOev- etcelva) pev yap rd\i]0e<i Bo/cel Bcapcov d^iov. fiel^ov iyyfi to to?? Fjvcf)pdrt]<. ovv Xvpa/covcrLos rbv " elr" efa]. fii] xprjarb'i " " vrj AC" elrtev. " el raXi-jOi) fiij Aoperiavov o~as . " rov BiaftXijOrivai /3a<ro\el \6yov. epoi be to y-euoo?. rja.evo<. XXXVII xxxvh '® f JL ^v ^ ~*vpa/covo-ios dyaaOels avrov oj? vrrep- (f)i\oo-o(f)ovvra. a ko." eirrev. £vvieLs ovv rov ~vpa/covo~iov £vve\avvovro<. rt. e^dipei . rt Kara rwv 777309 avBpwv.dcra<.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. drroyo- pevcov 717309 o) ra Beajna yjrevaerai /deXriare. 0/j.

" Now Apollonius understood that the Syracusan was trying to drive him into some such admission as.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. much astonished at this remark. if I have been cast into prison for telling Domitian the truth. whereas I am come here with a mission " " And what are to teach." said the other." " But you can. XXXVI through his malignant designs. which if you had told him before you came hei*e. going there as a learner." you going to teach ? said the other. BOOK VII their minds against me. you would never have been cast into prison." said Apollonius." The Syracusan then. " a " good and honourable man. a circumstance this of which the Emperor is not yet aware. by Heaven. the Emperor had tried to get out of him." he said. "get out of your scrape if you only will teach him things. I should probably have gone away without even seeing their company. " Then said you think it a much lesser thing to be traduced to the Emperor than to forfeit your good repute in the eyes of the naked sages owing to the : insinuations dropped against you by Euphrates ? " " for I was Yes. and " accordingly he answered My excellent friend. and if I had not seen chap. and that he imagined that out of sheer weai-iness of his imprisonment he would tell some falsehood to the detriment of his friends." XXXVII The Syracusan accordingly was so much struck with chap the superiority of his philosophical talent (for after xx xvi] 2 53 . "That I am. just as I : — regard falsehood. what would happen to me if I refrained from telling it ? For he apparently regards truth as something to be punished with imprisonment.

" £k rov Bea/u. a / o IXcifxi^ airopetv p.ev 8r) a\\ov<. vira^u^vai e? a eoo/cei dv 7TOT6 dOXov ep-avTov (pairjv.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. xxxviii TotavTa. dSiecfracrKe tov <&l\nnrov koa A9i]vaiov<. AAA \ J 1 TLvdoovos tovtov. dW ev A6i]vaioi<i ye avTols. to dvaayelv clvtov TaTTei ev tois eaveyoo be to /x?. ela.evw flavor. 6 " ^vviTj/xt S' 'AttoWgovios IScov 69 tov " tov "Jlvdcov 6 J$v£dvTto<> tiyaOos.ev virep twv kuk irapovTwv irXyv ocrat 2 54 \vo~iv 8e avTcov opdv ovbepuav Ticrl irapd twv deoiv ev^ap. o Ucaavtev<i dvTeiTroov Opaavvo- p. RWi]va<i virep tj}? 8ov\eia<. ovk ol8a. pijrcop ra Kaica Treideiv outo9 inrep ^lXlttttov tov A/jlvvtov ' r/ 7rpeo-/3ev(ov irapa Tov<. tl 8 o YlvOcov fiovXeTai o~oi /ecu Tt? o " rov ovcjiaro<i vom." ecprj. . avTwv. eavTov be AiaAeyeaOat uev v „ '." ^vvirjs.(OTi]p[ou. tov<./3ovXo<i" XXXVIII cat. Vv < cprjeri. " fiev" elire InroKaOi^fxevov re kcli virayofievov o~e. p.evoi<. (09 povvras. dXXd A^poadevr]^ tov afAot?. v ." e<pi]. 8r> tov AttoXXgoviov irXeiw „ . eVefS?/ TvpdvPov Te pnadtoTos dcpiiceTO kcu utottoov £vp. oTe pLcikiaTci Keladai Te vir heivd irpaTTeiv avTcov ye pt]TopiKj] eppcovTo. TVvOwv Tavra ttoXv? (fiaaiv. ." eyeveTo. to ''EiWtjviKov eXevdepeoov. Adpnv. Uvdcovi TovTcp ovk 8" avrov tclvtov irpaTTeiv ecpyv. (paat.

when they were in even 255 . and he reckons it amongst his achievements that he bore the brunt of his attack Now I would never call it an achievement unaided." replied Apollonius. 8 compares" tho s i>y to 1 vtiioii trying to liberate the Hellenic nation. he was careful to go to Athens. on an embassy to the Hellenes to urge their enslavement. but no one save Demosthenes of the deme spoke to the contrary and checked presumption. trip you up what you mean by Python. that he promptly left the chap. BOOK VII saying this he went away).LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. a rhetor skilful to persuade men to evil courses. " Do xxxvir prison but Apollonius "lancing at Damis said ." " Python. Python delivered these sentiments. Nevertheless I said that he was employed on the same job as Python. was. : you understand this Python?" "I understand/' said " that he has been suborned to but he. because he saw no way out of it except such as the gods have vouchsafed to some in answer to prayer. they say. just at a time when rhetoric most And he told them that they did a flourished there." Paeanian his XXXVIII many more Damis says then that though Apollonius uttered chap. because he has come here as a despot's hireling to tender me monstrous advice. as they say.XXXNm self in despair of the situation. and made a great mistake in . and though he passed by other states. He was sent in the interests of Philip. I do not know. great injury to Philip. "of Byzantium. that I refused to be drawn into the avowals which he wanted. discourses of the same kind. he was him. son of Amyntas. with a flood of words. and what is the sense of such a name.

fir) TOTe irpwTOv 'AttoWcovlov otl Beta tc eh] Kai KpeiTTcov dvdpcioiTov. Kai ivapfxocravTa av to tov beSe/xevov irpaTTeiv.fS' ev^dfievov bea/iov.iv e<pr). a be dirb Tvyrfi vlkwgl. acpohpa yap Sij yaipew " ri TreiacfieOa" "6 ye iirdirpocrp.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. 01 be evrjOecTTepOL tcov dvdpcoTrcov e<? tov<. rfj Tvavev. be irore. yorjTas dvacpepovai Taina. ti.oi apTi.ov. Xvuijcrr) e<p?7. co irpo fiecrrjfi- avrbp ao/iev. i^ijyaye tov to " er/ceA. tclvto. ecpi]. oXiyov be " /3/3KX?. eTTi aTptoTos . TavO' oi KaKobaifiovcs avTovs dcpeXofievoi. 7ra>9 yap dvcravTa. ovbe arroKTevet ^fias tls." 6 AdjAi? (prjcrlv d-Kpiftcos ^vvelvai r/}? (pixrecos. XXXIX cap. to be e/J. fitfhe eltrovTa KaTayeXdaat tov o~Ke\o<. ttoWco ^aXeTTMTepav rj\dov." cpdvac. Kai enrev.09 tov Adfj. to vikclv y~\iyeo6ai. Xoyi^ovTai tt} 256 . fj. to fiev err tco biKaaavTi. eirlSei^iv ireTToirffjai Kai irpo^ aoi t?}s iXevdeplas rijs ifiavTOv. ovtco<. oubecs. irepa b ovbev. to. becrp. TreirovOacn S' avTo e? iroWa tcov dv6 pco-n eicov beovTat fiev yap avTcov t>?? Te^v^a dOXijTai. Kai £v\\afj.]aei.f3dvei fiev avTOis e<? Tr)V viky)v ovbev. beovTat be dycovicTTal TtdvTes bid. Kai Odppet. yap ev heaficoTifpup. kcli eiiriov Ti)jxepov.

how — and — XXXIX simple-minded people attribute such acts as chap. nevertheless these unfortunate people. now and here. XXXV1 " of Tyana. and prison could he have offered any? without a single prayer. for no one is going to kill us. contributes nothing to their success. Nor VOL. being "what is to become of us?" " Why what i°"sly name. just as do all who have to undergo a contest in their eagerness to win and although it this to wizardry. in called by that mtracu-" special pleasure." And with these words he took his leg out of the fetters and remarked to " Here is Damis proof positive to you of my freedom. " I shall be set at liberty this day. worse straits. without even a word. "and fetter off his lcg in (thing more. and they make the same mistake in XXXIX 6 of many purely human actions." Damis says that it was then for the first time that he really and truly understood the nature of Apollonius. and behaved like a prisoner once more. II. has become of us already. he quietly laughed at the fetters. and then inserted his leg in them afresh. For athletes ^ respect Magic" and resort to this art." said Apollonius. Now ." said Damis. so cheer up. but so far as depends upon my own will. to wit that it was divine little But a " us that he said : O man — — : and superhuman. BOOK VII before mid-day." "And " who. rob themselves of the credit and attribute it to this art of wizardry." said Apollonius. S . he tells chap. is so invulnerable as that ? But " " will you ever be liberated ? So far as it rests with the verdict of the court. in for without any sacrifice." for he took a 18 it appears.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. . after winning by mere chance as they generally do.

evov<i (fieiBol /cal rS> tw pit] y6}]ri. rj el drrorvy^dvoi p. . el yap rb Beiva eOvact av Biecf)vye fie i) ro Belva edvfjbiaaa. druarovai B aA aIa reyyrj ravrrj. davpiaarov. 258 .r]Be dvacpopd. voaovvres yap ox? evrrapdycoyov ovrw voaov. evpoip-ev av ra evrv%>jp. avrfjs zeal ypaiBlots virep olfiat. avqirrai Be V T ^X V V tou9 epwvras pidXicrra. Be drorta avrwv oiroaa eBei dvaai. BiaXeyeadai. rovrl Be p. efnropias rfj Xoyi%op.ara ra. ov/c /cal vl/erj.eya elvai icaO* diropov. Kearov re i/c avroi? tj}? <f)epeiv BiBovcri ica\ XiOovs.iaaai." roiavra Xeyovai. /cal cpoira he /ecu errl dvpas efirrcpodv Kara ravrd. e? to eXXeupOev p.ev i) rfjgai. roiavra o'lovrai.ev avrovs Xap-irpa vnep rovrcov Be rrpdrrovrai. vpbvelrai 8 reyyt) rrdvra. rrj*. xp/jp-ara p. rjv p-ev yap rj rradovrcov ri rcov TraiBi/cwv rrpos rov<? epwvras Bu>pois 7) vrrayQevrwv o)9 l/cavr) rrpofiaivi] rd epcon/cd. re darepwv. yap ro Beh>a ov$ /cal 6vp. EvvBpwai ovoev. robs Be aeXi']V7]<. Tots ovBev rovroi$ rrpdrrovai /cal rrpocriovres o-ocpicrrais 01 d/cpocopievoi acpwv rd roiavra. /cal Ovaai p.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.r) i) rrelpa. /xev yap Br] icd/ceivov<. rov$ fiev e/c rcov /cal yf)<> drroppifrcov. dpcofiard re oiroaa /cal r) 'IvBitct) K^rrevei. avrfj ovB? /cal ol rjrrd)- " fievoL acpcov. ol ovv rpoiroi.

" And they really believe what they say. or let the attractions of the lover's presents advance his suit in the very and he at once sets out to laud the art as able to achieve everything . XXX1X it. he is as ready as ever to lay the blame on some omission. I think. no less than they ascribe their losses to : their as own parsimony and to their failure to sacrifice often as they should have done. money from them for all this. For let their favourites only give them the least encouragement. it is no wonder. for we shall find them too attributing their successes in trade to the wizard or magician. But it is for as especially lovers who are addicted to this art the disease which they suffer from in any case renders them liable to be deluded. and yet do nothing to help them at all. . Now the various devices and artifices by which they work signs from heaven 2 59 s 2 . I should not have failed to win. does not come off. for he will say that he forgot to burn this spice. They will accept from them a box with stones in it which they are to wear. BOOK their faith in VII does any amount of failure in their enterprises shake chap. some of the bits of stone having come from the depths of the earth and others from the moon and the stars. they merely say such things as this " If I had only offered this sacrifice or that. so much so that they go to old hags to talk about it. or to sacrifice or melt up that. while if the experiment least.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. and that everything turned upon that and it was impossible to do without it. if I had only burnt that perfume in place of another. that they resort to these impostors and give ear to their quackeries. and then they are given all the spices which the gardens of India yield and the cheats exact vast sums of . Magic also besieges the doors of merchants no less.

" enre. XL cap. Se " i'crcos cnroXoyijcrr) 6 peraa/cevderwv pe Kat idovres irepiejBaX- evuevoe eyco.ol 8' drrorre^avdui fii)& e/c€Li>ois 6pi\eiv tovs veovs. Iva p. o icai (f>uaei Siafiefi\r)Tai teal vop-w . • ri yap dv TrXeico cnroy^pojaa ?. Sioarjfilas /cal erepa o't rrkeioi civayeypd^arai rccnv. /cal eyeXacrav 7r\aru e<? rrjv re^vrjv.7]v rov TrpdypLdTos. \ov 7rdvre<. /cat errrov. Kat a>p..FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap." tl<j ovv. fiovXevwv. reparevovrai.Tj8e irai^eiv tcl roiavra eOl^oivro. e? vovKaOiarapevov acpiaiv ijBeias re icai i) ^vpLperpovs avrbv /cd/celvoi rd eft ifki/cia<i dfyeppiivevovros.o6 \byovv ravra. ere /3ao~i\ev<>. tov rov 'ArroWcoviov elj(ov. 'T^vSetPapevov Be rov ^AttoWwvlov ra> AduiSt irepl ' eavrbv " /cal irXeico SiaXe^OevTO^. avrbv oi ev rw eXevdeptco 8eo-p. rb olicelv. &>9 ouS* ol?)8e?cnv Sj) avrols errav^Kovra. ep. bv yap 6eTi']cret<i ttoOov la^ovcri Trarpbs TralBes. eirearrj diro rt<> pbecnip. 7rep7rrr]v. %vp/3ov\evcravTO<i.epav e(f»].fi piav d<f>L7}crL crrjpaivwv 6 y\wrri)^ roaavra \\7r0Wc0vLe. B ov/c erravero del ti ^vp-- 260 . e/crpo7n) rov \6yov Ka6a7TTOip. rovrcov Be rcov Seapwv AlXtavov diroXoyta. " . ekevdepiov Seo-pcoryjpiov ^uy^copei 7] 7) ear av e? i)p.coTi]pi(p.

thing which by law ? is equally condemned by nature and XL After Apollonius had thus revealed himself to chap. releases you from these fetters by the advice of Aelian and he permits you to take up your quarters in the prison where criminals are not bound. they all flocked round him. This digression has led me far enough from my subject for why should I attack any further a . XXXIX have been actually recorded by certain authors. "so follow me. until the time comes for you to make your defence. . chap.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. restored to them against all expectations . "is to get me out of this then. for they entertained the same affectionate longing for Apollonius as children do for a parent who devotes himself to giving them good advice in an agreeable and modest manner. lest they become accustomed to such things even in fun. and Apollonius continued incessantly advice. to give them 261 . as around one . or who tells them stories of his own youth nor did they try to hide their feelings. about mid-day some one presented himself to them and ^'restored made the following intimation verbally: "The to the free prison Emperor. But for myself I would only denounce such arts in order to prevent young men from resorting to its professors. but you will probably be called upon " Who to plead your cause five days from now." And when the prisoners in the free prison saw him again." place?" "I." said Apollonius. Apollonius. XL Damis. BOOK and VII all sorts of other miracles on a wide scale." said the messenger. who laugh outright at the art in question. and held some further conversation.

Kal ^vvelvai totc iiirep otov eneXevaev avrov 7re^jj /copLL^eadat. i/mol tcl t?}? e? rl]v Trpoeiprj/nevrjv yap Tre^f] levai. ^AttoXXojvio^. eyevero. kolv TrpoaeiTTijs Aijpajrptov. tj}9 e/celae eirXeov. e£ 0)V 'AttoXv / \ A re rcai <prjcriv aKrjtcoevai 7rpo9 £^t]p-r/Tpiov aurbv elir6vT0<.€cra<i he flip. " ct>9 he av diet.v.h)vos. dicovaai /cai he efcei'vas nrepl tov %eip. fieipd/ctov p. \fpov " t>}? varepaLas tov " Adp. ore irvevpua vTropcftpov tcarappayev OaXdaarjs t«9 pbev /carehvae twv vecov. . /cat p." eincpavevTa " 6 " Adpiis..FLAVIUS FHILOSTRATUS XLI cap.u<..epa<." " vfjaos.ev eXdelv £9 Aacaiapyiav. Aopehe irapd 7rdvra<i. at r«9 he 69 XtfceXtav re teal tov iropBpMV diredxraTO. yeXdaa<. XLII J7AP.t. av he rrjv eVt AiKatap%La<. riavov 262 epdv o avrov 7ro\Xou9 fiev. rpiralos p. Ka\. /3dht£e. yap ?) " p. e<fci] ^Mvra." e<prj. ff arpe(f)ov irepl rrjv vijrovs OdXarrav. ev eanv e/eet rj KaXo'-v^et.e tl . ava(3e(3ioiic6Ta" 6 puev hi] direX6elv (pijaiv d/c(ov. cnroXoyLas rj/xepav karat. he 6 &)9 p:ev eya> olfiai.7)T aTroyiyvdyaicwv &>? a7To\ovpLevov /cal pu^r eveXirL^ &)? ov/c a7roXeirai. rjp. tovs S' ovtcos epdv." elirev. 09 irepl rd<.ev yap e/c Mecri > ' ' v ai']V)]<i tt/9 eV Apuahia irepijBXeTnov copa acpifceaOai e9 Ti]v 'Pd)pLr]v. ^wvra. TA ^ / XLII Xcovlov 777509 ? eVt tovtois dvaypdfpet Ad/.

and found there many The he says." Accordingly he says that he went away with much regret. BOOK VII XLI the next (lav he called Damis and said ciiap. And then he understood why it was that Apollonius had bidden him go by land. for it is better to go by land and when you have saluted Demetrius. risen from the dead. admirers. I . . turn aside to the sea-shore where the island of Calypso lies for there " Alive/' asked you shall see me " appear to you. And on the third day he arrived at Dicaearchia. and driving out of their course those which were tending to Sicily and the straits of Messina. but as you will believe. or how ? Apollonius with a smile replied . " As XLII events which followed are related by Damis. for although he did not quite despair of his master's life. sinking some of the ships that were sailing thither.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. yet he hardly expected him to escape death. For he relates that there himself youth™" came to Rome from Messene in Arcadia a youth remarkable for his beauty. and above all Domitian. where he at once heard news of the great storm which had raged during those days for a gale with rain had burst over the sea." " Damis. chap. from accounts given by Apollonius. whose rivals even 263 . both to XL11 and Demetrius. tlC SGtl'lS appointed. XI i defence has to be pleaded by me on the day _. so do you betake yourself in the direction Damis on : And on " My of Dicaearchia. alive. ^ ' icaear " i| l : myself believe.

ai ye." elire. "tov yap '\iriro\vTov " /c«/Lie. /cal irpoaeXdcov tu> WttoXXcovlo). Kal ol ' eirl ©f/crety?." Xercev. &>9 opw. o " " elire iioi" e(prj. elire.. o&? 6(p9aXp. ol eft tj/j-mv vop." Xoovios. el p. Xeyei. oi'Ta. KaQdirep twv eppL(bv yeyvftvaafxevoi. dirodavovp. 1 [xe virep tovtccv ij/covTa 6 /3aai\evs rca/cco . CO? p. cnpefiXhv Tt/v plva icaiToi TeTpaydtvoi^ ol e^ovTa. eirl e/c ovTa yap p.kv ti X&yeiv eomei. a\X' einavOa eaTeiXe pxtOi]- aojievov rjOi) vop.kv ovb rjXitct'av irco tov dbi/celv aycov " " /cal KaOelp^ai" ecpr/." 6 iraTtjp ai^TO?." 6 S' coairep ov ^vvielq. auxppoavvrj dircoXXv " 6 iraTyp diroXdielirev.oi.ev(p p. o be fieiQovcdv av rj ofiou irdvT€<. ^pr/ yap ovtw irapeaKevdcrOai a^iwoeis top avbpa.ol /3ao-iXea>v ecrirdaavTO. elSev. rj 264 . ouk 0)V r}£iovTO. albd) 8e £vp. tovtX yap tw ipacTTrj ebo^e.rjbe to avrepav eiceiva) Bebtevai.iKci. {3ouXop.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.els ol beivoi. "to yap acocppovelv Oavdnov " TipLcovTat.e Wp/cdba nai M ecrcr 772/779 ou tcl 'KXXiji'cov eiraihevaev. Lieipdtciov. tcaddirep fjp. rj^lov eavTov ebedi] tolvvv. ot? virdyovTai to.ev ?'} xpvo-ov fcaTecppovr/crev Xprj/xaTcov 'iirircov fj TOtoivhe heXeaapbdioyv. iraiBiKa evtot. yu?) yXav/cov ijyeiTal ae o (BaaiXevs rj tcatTOi /xeXavocpOaXpiov. pi] eiraivoipiev./3ovXov cricoirrfi e^cov ovirco eddpper %vvei$ ovv 6 WiroX" av p. t??<> i) dXX ecrwcppuvei to bi) /juetpdfciov zeal ecfielbeTo eavTov topas.

For though I am an Arcadian from Messene." But Apollonius feigned not to understand what he meant and said: "Tell me. Apollonius and noticed this and said " You are confined : here. but sent me here to and when I had come here for that study law purpose the Emperor cast an evil eye on me. as I see. He came up to Apollonius. but. we had no call to praise him. yet are not of an age to be a malefactor. by his own admirer's orders." by his own sire for the same reason." said the other. did not venture to. "for by our latter-day laws self-respect is honoured with capital punishment." answered Apollonius. Now had it been gold that he scorned or possessions or horses. was cast into prison." said the other. yet In consequence he disdained them all for himself. was too high-principled and respected his honour. like ourselves shall who are hardened sinners. my boy. surely the Emperor does not imagine you have blue eyes. when you have. " am my own fathei 's victim. BOOK VII the former did not scruple to declare themselves. for the seducer can hardly dispense with such preparations. whereas it is square and regular. 265 ." "So it was in the time of Theseus. like that of a well executed Hermes ? or has he not made some . he did not give me an Hellenic education. so chap. But he was tempted with larger honours than all those put together who ever attracted the glances of sovereigns. The youth however XLn strong was their attachment." "Yes. and made as if he would speak to him. " for Hippolytus was murdered " And I too. and I be put to death.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. or such other attractions and lures as sundry persons seek to corrupt young people with. black ones ? Or that you have a crooked nose. being counselled by his modesty to keep silent.

rr)v KOfxrjv tl ovv erepov tovtcov 6 fiacriXevs q'yrjo-erai . hecnroTt]^ " yap avTcov elpa.dXXov. 8eo~7roT7)<. ovv." eiricrToXf] p." Kal p. a hoKel toi? tov cnra^i" -^aXeir^. Tiva " 77777 aeavTov . 8i avTO yap irov Kal hecnro^eiv ' tcov eXevdepcov /3ovXovTai. rfkLwaa T6 Kal virocpaivovcra. " rj pev ev6vpi]0el<i e? oiav dnroKpicriv irepidyoiTO.p. " 7T/30? epacrTrjV yap o Xoyos KCop." elirev. WpKaSa ae." " viroa^cov p. ^icpovs eirl Trjv crrjv copav. eXevdepa Kal eppovovcra. " 6° avTov cohe' KeKTipral Tivas ev 'Ap/eaSta " " " " tovtcov hovXov ? . 6 c? Kvpiois . ecrri h\ olpai. crcocppocrvvi]^ Te eiraivcov 7rpo? 266 . 7roXXov<. ere. eepi]." ovye. olSa. Kal cpvXd^co avTO ctavXov. Kal tcl TOiavra tcov epcoTTjpaTcov rraprjKev.\n]Tai. " BeairoTcov fj 8'. hepr/ Te ovtco<.eTpov.FLA VI US PHILOSTRATUS cap." e<pi). Kal hiaypdcpei avTO iroWio e7raivecra<. opco. erepov ri Trap' 6 ecniv . ye.a^6<i Te real tcov Tvpdvvcov (cr^v?.aC. vira^del^ yap puov epav ov (pecBeTaL cov eiraivel.ep. tov t? epov crcopuzTos eyco " 7rco<.})V tov peipaKiov tovtov Kal ev e<p7]." WttoWcovios. Kal pvqv teal to crTopa ovtco £vp." e<pi]. &)? Kal a icoirfj irpeireiv Kal Xoyco. enre. eKeivov yap Bel Tip ^icpet. . ol vopuOi. Be avTov 6 " " rjhcov 1) eyco evTavda.ovTa piera " tov Tpd^jXvv. " oj? dp. enre.aTo<. eireihr]Trep epvOpiwvTa rjpeTO ecopa tov ApKciSa Kal KeKocrpLrjpercos cp Oeyyopbevov. vttjjkcovs eivat SovXovs xpij crcop. coairep oi tcov yvvaiKcov epcovTes" ciyaaOeis 6° avTov o 'AttoXXcovlos to pev £vy/cadev8etv o ti T/yoiro Kal el ala^pbv tovto i) pui). ovv." vrj AtY' ecpr). dXX alo")(yveiv BiavoeiTal pue. eireihrj /ca/cw? vir fie avrov Xeyeis ocpdijvat " " avio tovto diroXcoXeKev.

" said Apollonius. or you would not tell me he cast an "That is just what has ruined evil eye on you." their obey their masters or disdain the wishes of those who are masters of The other discerned the drift of their persons?" " I know indeed how his question and answered irresistible and harsh is the power of tyrants. than I have done in the above. "do you consider yourself as holding?" "That." Moreover he mentions this youth in one of his letters." he " which the laws assign to me.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. XLU and gleaming. " for you have to do with an admirer who is prepared to run amuck of your youth. many. but I am master of my person and shall guard it " How can inviolate. which is all his sword requires. for they are inclined to use it to overpower even free men. it is equally comely. " And must slaves master. and while praising 267 ." said the other." me. "What relation to them. and gives a much more attractive account of him Whereon Apollonius commended him. for I am replied. that whether you are silent or talking. "for he has condescended to favour me and instead of sparing what he praises prepared to insult me as a woman's lovers might. sword in hand ?" "I : shall simply hold out : my neck. " Have so he only put to him the question you any " " slaves in Arcadia ? Why yes. it is sunny chap. and your mouth too is so regular." replied the is : lad." and said "I perceive you are an Arcadian." said Apollonius. Surely the Emperor must be mistaking all these traits for others. methinks. and you carry your head freely and proudly. BOOK VII mistake about your hair ? For." much to ply Apollonius admired the Arcadian too him with any further questions. as he noticed that he blushed and was most decorous in his language." you do that.

268 . ^tjXcotov to?? ev 'Ap/caSla r) fiaWov ol Ta? tmv p. eirl Oavfxaadev he t?}? "SlaXeav irXevcrai.rj<$ velv vtto tov Tvpdvvov. ov ypacpet <pr]o~\ to /xeipaKiov tovto fir)h" airodapcop.cucehaLpLOvLoi'i vi/ccbvT€<>.ao-Tiycov tcapTeptjcreis irapa A.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.

adds that he was not put to death by the tyrant. he returned by ship to Malea. chap. him BOOK VII for his high principles to his correspondent.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. 269 . and was held in more honour by the inhabitants of Arcadia than the youths who among the Lacedemonians surpass their fellows in their endurance of the scourge. XLU On the contrary. after exciting admiration by his firmness.

.

BOOK VIII .

eOa rol<. 'Rvrev^o/xeBa ijyov/jLeva) he rj kol rw dvSpl hidXe^eaOai rij<. olfiai. /xdWov hpa/ueiadai 6" riva inrep yfrvx^ dywva.. eirethrj SiKaan'jpia. rd ev hiicy kol fiev yap £vv re zeal (3i(3\iov irpo^eipov e%eiv avrbv rd he opyf/. vofiois. avrb (paai rfj 7rdpo8o<. dvarvrrova B at evpov XPh °^ ov d)(06/.i€vov rol<. ye irpo'ioiv yap ypero rov ypa/. "Ico/xev e? to 8iKacrTT]piov d/cpoaaofxevoi rov dvrrj<.t- uarea.e r cap. ifkiov yap rj eirnoXal yhi] zeal dvelrai rots iWoyi/xots £<. rd he ijrrov. rovrl rrpo rov hifcaariipiov dv reK/j. ol paoiQoiev. hpbs diroXoyovjievov vTrep atria*.7]paip. II cap. yu?. rov be e? to . hiopwvra.Se rov ftacrtXea re oi ^vvhcatrco/Mevoi airov ayfraadai. vcp 272 ov i)yero..

he was so absorbed in examining the documents of the case. l the sage pleading his cause for it is already sunrise and the doors are thrown open to admit the tion'with ese celebrities. rather than as a race to be run for his life and this we may infer from the way he behaved For on -his way before he entered the court. figure him as one who was angry with the law for having invented such things as And we must needs courts of justice. ?73 VOL. And the companions of the Emperor say J? ?jSr that he had taken no food that day. where they were going and when the latter answered that he was leading him to the . . II But Apollomus. For they say he was holding in his hands a roll of writing of some sort. sometimes reading it with anger. ll seems to regard the trial as a dialectical discussion.BOOK VIII Let us now repair to the law-court to listen to chap. II. as we meet him in this conjuncture chap. . . I tribunal imagine. thither he asked the secretary who was conducting him. because. and sometimes more calmly.

" rbv " ttogw oeV' elvre." SiKaar/jpiov yyelaOai " dWa e(py. j(ph " Trpb T. rerdpryv dperrjv oioa. rovrl yap p. " avrov (j)i\oaG(j)iav d&ifcovvTa" kol Bei^a) yap " Ti?. (fydcncwv? ovk evavTias. erraiveaa^ i Be 6 ypap. vopevov 6 epoiTcov" dperd<. Karijyopov. £ vy^wpel \iyetv.ev biro a a/' ecpy. kuv dBt' " ko)v ravrrjv tv^J] 1 tytXoaotfjia 770X1/9. 717309 ye rbv aeav" Tof). e/xol Be.79 oY/c?." 274 " dvuvyrov ye" . fipayruhoyelv re " icai p^aKppyopeiv inrep " ecpy. &>9 /cat Karap^d? eBetKvv." elirev. /3a<ri\ti cpi\oao<pta^ Xoyo?. " " " 7rpo9 riva . aoybat? efal. eyco Kal to cTLunrav BiKaarypuo ehze.e p. \6yov SiapLerpijaeis vcari .arev'i." " " koX T(p fiaaiXel ti<? 6 Si/cdacov . twv avruiv opoias' 6 XeiiTOLTO. biKacrei Be 6 /3aai\ev$. iv €7rtTi]bei." elire.- /3pm.ev. irpcorp 8 iv dv eh] apery \6yov. ovk dv (pOdi'Oi BiaperpyOel^ ovBe 6 f)vp. kcl\ 7T/30<? yap By /cal p.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS c p - ^ 8ikuavrCp (ptjaavros. be birbaa epijaerai. apxp." ecf)7].to<. p-erpov tov diroKpi" " evavrias.erpLco i btefceiro rbv AttoWcovlov." t/caio? dkX 1 yap Odrepov ovk dv he ovbev dv darepov d{i(j>olv koI £vp. cpai'yv.evp rpiry p.p. paatXeros.<? elbevat.eTp[a be £vyKe:p." "el p.01 air a it el y BtKy.p. el €7ri]ar/C7](Ta<." elire.

court. "And how long will your pleading last by the water-clock's reckoning ? For " I must know this before the trial begins. And moreover there is a mean composed of the two. part I a fourth excellence " said for my own Anyhow." "They are not contrary talents." "You have cultivated. that he should govern as he should." said the other. BOOK VIII he said: "Whom am against?" "Why/' between myself and the Emperor? For I shall prove that he is wronging philosophy. "is much concerned about the Emperor." said Apollonius." The secretary commended this sentiment. the whole of the Tiber might run through the meter before I should have done but if I am only to answer all the questions put to me." said Apollonius. "but resemble one another. "who is going to be judge I going to plead chap. " am sure that silence constitutes much required in a law-court.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. of course. as he proved from the very beginning." it will do you no good 275 t 2 ." . " I am allowed to as long as plead the necessities of the suit require me to. even if he does happen to do her wrong?" "Nay. but a first requisite of a pleader and . then it depends on the crossexaminer how long I shall be making my answers." the other. " said the other." "And." If/' said Apollonius. which I should not myself allege to be a third." "And what concern. but philosophy. "against your said Apollonius." remarked the other. and the Emperor will be judge. accuser. "contrary talents when you thus engage to talk about one and the same matter both with brevity and with prolixity. for an expert in the one would never be far to seek in the other. for indeed he was already favourably disposed to Apollonius. "has the Emperor for philosophy.

tov Wdrjvalov yur)V ore ecpvye rrjv ypacpijv. *£lhe pev 7rapeaKevaaro 777309 t<x e« tov rvpdvS' avrco tov hacacnvpLov " 7rpocreX6cov. StfcaaopieOa 7rpoeipt]Tai. crv (pfjs avrov &>9 eh]v rreireLKevaL.aT€iov "w 6 ftaatXev. diroOavovTa." " eVi tol>9 dvoijTWi avrov ravra rreidovra<i . " " . avaftcnjcras he a yap he tc5 fxi] eyco rrerreiKd irco tov HacriXea. iyw yap ae 7rA/>77«9. " aeavTM Kal " Kal oiVi]aei'. dXX 1 ravra ov)£ virep e'cr^i/TO?. 276 . o>9 ov/c eifii." " Kal ^<AKpdrr\v" e(prj. & Tvavev. a.. 6'Xft)9 TrepiaTTTov /xt]T€ fiifiXiov dXXo ypap. i] Xovcro/xeua ovv. Kar)jyopo<i." ecprj. ttclvtI tco Kiv&vveveiv /xeXkovTi. " a7T€iXet fxoi 6 70/9. Trpoeo-rwri yvp-vos eaeXoe." elrrc. col 6 fiaaiXevs pLijre dnrayopevei fiiJT " " pujhe vdpOtjKa" pujhev eacpepeiv evravOa.p. €7rei8ij ecricoTra.evco ravra Kal roiv J^vcppdrov Ti9 direXevdepcov.'" " oiiK diredavev" " e(f)i]. rco Karrjyopw iirtSod)}. bv eXeyero JLv<ppdrr}q dyyeXov rwv kit 'Icovi'a rov 'A-WoXXcovi'ov hiaXetjecov areiXat. eVepo? ypap." Ill cap. " crv " ovkovv" ravrl TreTrei/ca.fiarev<.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap." enrev." "Kal 7r&>9 fieya wvijcrev." elire." e<pr).ao-iv. pidXXov 70779. 'A6r. Traprjv Kar^yopco Xoihopovp." elizev." rov. 6p:ov xp/jp.valoi he wovro. ecprj. vov Trdvra.

" said papers of any kind. and as he waited before the despot's manoeuvres court another secretary came up and said " Man of is brought i." " And cn AI " it was of u great service to Socrates of Athens. this wizard threatens to beat me. bath." " And what good did it do him. " Emperor." said Apollonius." Ill This was how he prepared himself to confront the chap. for it was I who gave you this O my 277 . for you say that are you have persuaded the Emperor of my being that which so far I have failed to persuade him that I am not.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. it is you who a wizard rather than myself. gave him . : such advice as this into shouts: " " ? Whereat his accuser burst " advice. or any " And not even a cane. you must enter the court with nothing on " Are we then to take a said Apollonius." you." " for the back of the idiots who Apollonius.lto court Tyana. whom the latter was said to have sent from Ionia with news of what Apollonius had there said in his conversations." While the accuser was indulging in this abuse." " " or to "The rule." said the other. "though the who Athenians thought he did. when he was prosecuted. yet. nor anyone else BOOK VIII ." "Then. "seeing that he died just because he would say nothing?" "He did not die. or book." said Apollonius." said Apollonius." said the other. " does plead ? not apply to dress. and also with a sum of money which was presented to the accuser. but the Emperor only forbids you to bring in here either amulet." he said. one of the freedmen of Euphrates was at his side. stands in great peril.

diroXoyelaOoi be KaTa piav. fido-ikeO. i)Bii fierpei. ojk d^'tas a 9. to.. ToiavTa vBtop. KaTa ti]v tov av/cocpdvTOv Tft<? Ocov ^vp/SovXiav ci7ro\oyeio~6ai. tov tov KoXanev6 el Am cravTOS rjyov/ievos. e? o 8' ovrco ri vireped>pa tov /3aai\- a>? fit]Be avTov Tr)v /3\e7reiv. alrla. eT7i]pedaavTo<. Be avT?i<i iravre^ aytova 7roiovp. e'9 clvtov o e'9 tov airavrwv tol"? dveayev Be 'AiroWcovio? o(p6a\fiovs rov opocbov. evBei/cvvpevos fxev to e? tov kclkiw ical acre/Sw? KoXa/ccvOevTa ej3oa opav. ko\ /ceXevaavTcs dvOpdnrcov dtov. tccm)- " yopes. /xerel^ov ol i7riSrj\ot. Be K€/c6a/x7]ro fiev to Bifcao~T7]piov wcnrep eVl ^vvovaia 7rav>]yvptKOu \6yov.etcrTOi? eXetV avTOv iirl rfi tcov avBpMv e&)?. yap ^vyxcoprjareis avr& fX>]KO<$ \6y(ov.evov tov ftacriXecos ore iv 7rA. Be tou opav /cciT)]y6pov virepo^-'iav. eaTi Be pot koX {3i/3\iov tovto £ vyyeypappevov Ta9 atTias. cap. dirdy^ei y'lfidq.FLA VI US PHiLOSTRATUS IV c p -^ - Touwra ev avrfj- rjtcpOjSoXlcravTo irpb ri}<i Bi/ci]<. 'O B\ eiceXevcre ft>9 tov dvBpa dpiara £vpf3ov\evo~avTOs eiraiveaas. a>9 ma pev dWas TrapeXKaTaaTijaaC Ttva e'9 27S . virep cov ^pii Xeyeiv avTov.

he dropped out other accusations. and bade him turn his eves upon the god of all mankind. preliminary skirmishes which CI ™P - preceded the as follows hut the conduct of the trial itself The t court was fitted up as if for an of the inaudience listening to a panegyrical discourse. Apollonius raised his eyes to the ceiling. my sovereign. Apollonius. as not worth discussion. to apportion the water. so let him defend himself against them one by one.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. he will choke us. and confined himself to four questions which he th( light were • . citap. for if you allow him to talk as : Moreover I long as he chooses. and to these he must answer. 279 . ignored the Emperor's presence so completely as not even to glance at him and when his accuser upbraided him for want of respect. have a roll here which contains the heads of the charges against him. by way of giving a hint that he was looking up to Zeus. Whereupon the accuser began to bellow and spoke somewhat as follows " Tis time. IV Such was were : BOOK VIII the trial. and all reduced' to the illustrious men of the city were present at the four trial. because the Emperor was intent upon proving before as many people as possible that Apollonius was an accomplice of Nerva and his friends." The Emperor approved this plan of procedure and ordered Apollonius to make his defence according to the informer's advice however. and that he regarded the recipient of such profane : The flattery as worse than he who administered it. however.

rats rotavrais roiaaBe air okpier e&>9. airaai aroXrjv. teal " e'yeis on X aP tv 7ra<?.d£ovo~iv . " voo~oi<. dp.ai. o-^erXui re virep 7-779 Ovalas /3oijaea0. elire " pi. " ydp.iTia?." elirev. " a> pJaatXev. " " iroOev rpirov ijpero virep rov ev 'E^ecrM Xoip. ovk ei)6v<. coBe e pcor r\ acts' diropovs re " ri kcl\ yap 'AiroXXcovie. ov oeopbac." ecp-r]. toppb^crev.evo<.ev yap Kara ryv dirdvrwv Bo^av avrbv eKir^hi'jaavra rov irXd- " rfj<. dXXd iroXvv p. virep rerrdpcov (pero. aocprjOi] tw dvBpl. " pie.(ptivvvai. Beiaas rrjv d&itciav fcal rov<i Ka6apov$ ydpuovs eiriypd-^rr) /cal oirola ovk euXoyoos kirparrev.ri6eis." Be ol 1) rpe^ovaa yij dOXia ovk evo^Xa)" irdXiv i-jpero. dTOC iKpipircov rijv epcorijacv. Xeyco put) \oip.ot. rov Beivov Be fiovXei. Xoyov. crpiaros p-ijre rrpocniyopias dcpe^eaOac rwv dvBpihv.cbv a. Be. ov ttjv avrr/v a\X ibiav re icai egaiperov . r)o-Qop. as BvaairoKpirov^ pbadoov/ e<pr]. £Voa dvOpwiros dyadhs vopi^6p." e(pi]." /a 77 B\ olp." eirecpepev 69 rovs eirel Be rr^v rerdprijv epcor^av av?pa<>. " rov " " on dvQpwiroi Qeov ae 6vop.evo^ 6eov eVcoo Aoyo? ovros oiroOev ecpiXovvpiia ri/xdrai. irpoeXOcov 7-779 oiKias ri} 2S0 . iroXXd Be ev9vp. rjpcorTjaev ov rjiovro ol p.. Be ov% eoSe.at. iXiyytcovri Be 6pioio<.r\v el Biairy %poop. "\e7r- rorepa. opp-Mpievo^ i) rw £vp./3aXXopevos " irpoeliras rrj 'Eckeerro vocrtjaeiv avrovs . elirev. " e(pi].ev y^pbvov BiaXtircov.ov. BeBrjXcoKa ev roi<." 7T/3WTO? /cal elirev. 'IvBwv Xoyois.FLAV1US PHILOSTRATUS cap.

and so the first to be sensible of the danger . and. and after long reflection. lest Apollonius should reckon among the causes of such epidemics his own wrong-doing. he beat about the bush. complaining loudly and bitterly of the sacrifice but instead of putting the question "Tell in this way. fearful." from "O But the Emperor. and said me. embarrassing and BOOK VIII " What induces chap. I do not such answer as that. and with the air of one who felt dizzy. and to wear this peculiar and sin" " " Because/' said Apollonius. suggested your prediction to the Ephesians that they Avould suffer : . 1 " you/' he said." " the question " Why is it that men call you a god ? " answered Apollonius." And when he came want any to the fourth question which related to Nerva and his friends." he said.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. they expected him to throw off all disguise and blurt out the names of the persons in question without any reserve. " and his other misdemeanours." he said. Apollonius. difficult to answer. third question related to the plague in Ephesus " or " What motived. you went out of your house on a certain day. instead of hurrying straight on to it. a plague?" my I was sovereign. " every man that Because. a lighter diet than others. replied Oh. I imagine. : 281 . to dress yourself differently from everybody else. if you like." I have shown in my narrative of India how The this tenet passed into our hero's philosophy. and I do not like to The Emperor next asked bother the poor animals. the earth gular garb ? which feeds me also clothes me. and his incestuous marriage. is honoured by the title of god. he put his question in a Avay which surprised them all : . "I used." is thought to be good. for . I will enumerate the causes of pestilences. he allowed a certain interval to elapse.

eva. eppcovTo " tmv re vouv eivoi>.3oi<. ecpayov. be. Be edvaa.ev ui iroXeis. p.6paip. el Be rovro. el (BovXoio.bv Xd." e<f>rj. eVet ovtoi p. teal eliroov Tavra ijcpavladrj tov BiKaaTrjpi'ov. teal 6 rrjs oiklcis.ei. Belvi ?)fi>epa teal e<? dypbv iropevOeU tlvl edvaco tov WttoXXcovios wairep p.a.eveZ<. teapot tottov.vy- kX^tos Be put]. d\Xa awv 282 BfjXos rjv — e/xeyaXocppovetTo ireptovaias epa)Ti]- yap ttov tco fit) .FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. " acpirffjLL erreiBri ere." ecpi].ev \dpis. ^u/xp-aprvpelv aura) vo/i'aas teal- o fiaaiXevs tovs irapovTas iraOdiv tl irpb? T«9 teal dwoKpiaeis. irepLire Bos. el ttjv tov Xyjyjropevov fiov to aujp. "el /xev yap irporjXOov iratBa " . tov virep Te irapovTa tcaipov ev TiOe/xevos teal etc wv ovB' aTrXcos 6 Tvpavvos. eyKXy]p.. be errippcoaas " " aoi Bid Be eavrov. ear av tbta £vyyevoop.a Tovp. Be i." etire. B' at vrjaot (pvydBcov. inrovolas.6<. &> fiaaiXev. ev(p7Jp. el eyevopLiiv iv teal dypw. ov yap p. elfii. Be ovB^ yap -j^vxijv dBvvarov /xdXXov av to acop. rj Be 1) i'lireipos tcl Be arparevpLara BeiXias. tcai edvaa.e KTeveeis.eipaKito eVt" ttXjJttwv.. XeyovTcov Be avra 01 inaTews a^ioiT roiavra tov 7) dvBpos elirovros teal eiralvov dpOevTos fiel^ovos /BaaiXeiov ^vy^wpel BifcacrT7)piov. TrXrjpeis olp-wyrjs.d~cov. tovs dXiTTjpiovs tovtovs a7roX(t)Xaai p. 7reptp.

v boy I would like to know for whom?" And as if he were rebuking a child replied g~ f? *1 Apollonius — " : " Good words. : . For he took great credit to himself for not having put Apollonius to 283 . then send some one to take my it. since I tell thee I am not mortal." " I thank encouraged and said you indeed. Nay. and the islands full of exiles. and your armies of cowardice. and the senate of Accord me also. for they were both firm and sensible. and sacrificed the chap. " For thou shalt not slay me. if you will. with these words he vanished from the which was the best thing he could do under the circumstances. I I beseech you. opportunity suspicion. for the Emperor clearly intended nut to question him sincerely about the case. and also not a little impressed himself by the answers he had received. is And court. : . BOOK VIII and you travelled into the country. my sovereign. and the mainland of lamentations. for my soul you cannot take. I in the country ." . but I would fain tell you that by reason of these miscreants your cities are in ruin.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. and if this was so. said " I acquit you of the charges Apollonius but you must remain here until we have had a ac<iuittcd Thereat Apollonius was much private interview. then I ate was be proved by trustSuch a reply on the part of the sage aroused louder applause than beseemed the court of an Emperor and the latter deeming the audience to have borne witness in favour of the accused. then offered the sacrifice and if I offered it. body. but about all sorts of irrelevant matters. you cannot take even my body." Diad 22. of But let these assertions worthy witnesses. for : if I did leave my a boy house. to speak but if not.

1 ? vBcop 69 T7]V CLTToXo^LaV (Kp/jCTOVTl. dvBpdaiv ev i]Br] avTw yap gkolto.. . Tvyelv Trjs S' av tovtov dpicrra dyvoocTO (pvcrew. C09 el^ev. 7TW9 av tovtovs 69 to iridavov direKTeivev eirl Tal<. VI c 'vi' 'E7ret Be /cat 7T/909 A0709 pev avTw tjvveypdfprj Ti<? a. aWa yiyvco- e%oi tov firj av Trore akwvai atccov. otl A0709. TocdBe evpov t<z iv ttj Blkt]. ovk iv BiKaaTripiw 7T€7ricrT€vp. dvayeovk dyvooi piev yap. 7rpo9 Tpoirov TavTa.. 0^0 1/9 Ideas Bia/3a\ovcriv eiraivovvTes. rjyeiro..BewoTijs yap 284 r) pev (pavepa kov 8ta/3d\oi . KeKo\aap. Kal KpoTaBiktjv ktvttwv ttj y\d)TTT). V7r ^P &> v y4/> pu)Bk epeadai tc 6 Tvpavvos wppi]ae. ypdxpOu) Kal avTov 01 Tas /3&>/io A. vizepaipovTa he Tot9 Te ovopacrt Kal rat9 yvoypai*. Kal to oe'09 to irepl toi<. ft>9 avTov t/ttov p-ev. Kal ovBe eKeivois Bel.evai<.oi BoKel 6 i]6o<i ao(fib<. tov Be dvBpa evdvpovpuevw ov p. aiTiai<. rj avToi (paai Beiv. vyicos av viroKpiveadat to eavTov Xov irdpiaa eirtT^Bevwv Kal avTiOera. ^VVetXe Be Tvpavvo? e'9 a? el'prj/ca ipcoTi]o~ei<.evov. direKTOvevai aurov — tov re firj e? ra Toiavra VTTay6r]vai Ttpoopwv. prjTopiKots pev yap ev BiKacrTijpiois.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. el /x?.

but allowed it to be known to all to be such that he had it in him never to be taken prisoner Moreover he had no longer against his own will. For forensic art. it seems to me that he would have unworthily concealed his true character. However. only the tyrant confined him to the questions which I have enumerated. about them. which he would have delivered by the clock in olloniua ' defence of himself. v such discussions. he had accorded no credence whatever ? Such was the account of the proceedings of the trial Avhich I found. and as too bombastic in language and tone. how could he possibly put them to death with any colour of justice upon charges to which. clicking his tongue as if it had been a For these tricks suit the genius of castanet. is apt to apologia prc 2S5 . though they are not necessary even to them. nor was the latter anxious to be drawn into chap. as being less chaste and severe in its style than they consider it should be. indeed. when I consider that Apollonius was a sage. if he had merely studied symmetry of endings. For I am well aware. any cause for anxiety about his friends for as the despot had not the courage to ask any questions . that those who highly esteem the style of buffoons will find fault with it. And he thought that he would best his end if he left no one in ignorance of his effect true nature. BOOK VIII death. rhetoricians.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. in court. and antithesis. if it be too obvious. I have determined to publish this oration also. VI But inasmuch as he had composed an oration chap.

ev ypa<pr]i> Kaivov rd Baifiovia ovtc rjyouvTO. B6£ei rols ye p. V7r6crep. n 8' Kav direXdoi xpaTOVcra. Bia/3e/3Xrjcr0ai 'S. Balpova Be ovTe eicdXovv fjp. ov 6 yap /carr]<yop7]o-ei ye O"o0o9.evoi tjjv p.evov pev. eA-eo? Te direa-TW p. dXr/deaTepa BeivoTt)'?. to yap \adelv to? tov<.paTwp. teapot' crv w /3aai\ev. \6yov Te Ka\ /career tcevaa p.evoi<i ep. Te virep &v pi)8e 7TOT6 W0/]V7)aLV. riva &)? VI d<pai'})s €7n/3ov\evovra to?«? ylrr/dnovuevois.eyd\cov aoi re.ev dycov virep p.coKpaTrj'i 7T/3o<? <pi\ocro(piav eyco ovBepua Bowels. aocjict) Beivos eariv. klvBvvov Be e<f> exuTepov 286 ovrco ^aXeirov "jkovtos.i) \eyovTOf o yap av outo? eVt eXero avTiftoXfjcrai ^vyywpthv ri TOioaBe 6 \6yo<.vo<{ koX p.r) pa\anws tov dvBpos' ^vveTedi] 6)Be' eiiroi.rj 7ro\v diroBewv tov u7repo7TT?.9 elvat. « eTTiTifiav eppwrai. Be dvBpl d7ro\oyovp.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.-h'(p. Te ydp el /civBvreveis inrep cbv pi']TroTe Bl/ctj ai)TOK. bv 01 ypa\frdp. " 'O p.(ov wovto. ijQovs re Bel krepov irapa rot/? Si/cavi/covs dvBpas. ovk ofcvtjcrro . d/cpoaaop. ecrTCO p.ov Te /cal yap avTu> VII cap.rj Bokovvtos Be. Bi/cd^ovTas.

and it should possess a certain elevation almost amounting to scorn. — — . it must not seem to be so. they never went so far as to call him or think him a demon. But when a wise man is defending his cause. so grave a peril besets us both. and he must take care in speaking not to throw himself on the pity of his judges. BOOK VIII betray him who resorts to it as anxious to impose chap. it is to carry off a favourable verdict. For how can he appeal to the pity of others who would not condescend to solicit anything? Such an oration will my hero's seem to those who shall for it was diligently study both myself and him composed by him in the following manner: . " 287 . VII My prince.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. for true likely cleverness consists in concealing from tbe judges the very cleverness of the pleader. Since. . for though his accusers taxed him in their indictment with introducing new beliefs about demons. vn concerning matters of grave moment for you run such a risk as never autocrat did before that Eomiton you. we are at issue with one another chap. V1 upon the judges whereas if it is well concealed. namely of being thought to be animated by a wholly to be fair. I Avill not hesitate to tender you the advice of (i) . however. . while I am exposed unjust hatred of philosophy to a worse peril than was ever Socrates at Athens. he requires quite another style than that of the hacks of the law-court and though his oration must be well-prepared. and I need not say that a wise man will not arraign another for faults which he has the will and strength to rebuke.

brroaa epavrbv TrerreiKa' e? iireiZrj yap rov Karear^aev arytova.rj rb evOii dWa vopois earrjKa %vv6 epevos rq> \6y(o' rovrov %vp(Bov\o<. Kal crol yiyvopbat. el p. zeal aol i.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.?. rots &)? p.u]^ vrrep pev rov Wpp.ijBe t>/9 WOijvds rrore aerai. r?) Ko\aKetriK?j avKO(f>avreh> ovrco 28S . ijKovaas. Bixaiov yap rb pi] rrpoKarayiyvcoaKecv. bv iyco oiSa. tt)<? ovBe Kare\jrrj(fiiadp.e. aKoveiv i. rifia^ 6 Kanjyopos 7ro\\ov<> rovrovl eaifk.vp/3ov\eveiv. opyfj xpijaeaOai. ot? "rnros re rrapLTroWr) earl Kal ro^eia rrdaa Kal y^pvai] yi) Kal dvBpcov o^Xo?. Kal rrpoaBe\ea6ai ravra Alyvrrrlov avKocpdvrov \eyovros. w? eari rovrw orrXov eirl rbv 'Pcop-accov avroKpdropa./3ov\a) t/}? &.ij. o ae Kal rrjv dp%rjv ravrrjv d<paipi]- Kar dvBpbs Be ao(pov Kal yvpvov mareveiv. B\ /3aai\ev. ?/ i)v aeavrov rrpoopdv Kal rb (pys. /.e Tpoirois. af)s dxpodaedx.evlov re Kal ]ia/3v\covLOV Kal baoi rwv i/ceivy dp-^ovaiv. &)<? eyoi ri ere KaKov eipyaapat.T]v e^oi/cr?. pn]8e Kad!}a$ai 7re7rei- virb apevov. puvpior Kal rovrcov d/covcov ovk 69 rb 7rpofcarayiyvcoo-/ceiv rfkOov.vv yeXoori rb rreiaeaOal ti inr avroiiv. do eKrroir\aeiv ep-avrbv rov BiKaar^piov r/aav orroaoi rov drroBpavai elaiv. ip. ovk aXrjOj)^ rrepl epov re Kal crov Bo^a' ae pev yap coovro £vp.de rov<. Ai'a. a p.' t)v kciv aKpodaews p. diroKrelvai 8' 6 ri rrore eari rb diro- Krelvai.

great Heavens their faculty of flattering and falsely — ! accusing others has so increased the influence of 289 VOL. myriad.uMi position as t . nor have I done you the injury of supposing you will hear my cause otherwise than in accordance with the strictest principles of equity for in conformity with the laws I submit myself to — — . naked of means of offence. unless indeed.I* i ti i * that the Armenian. all kinds of archers. They have come to imagine that in this audience you will listen only to the counsels of anger. the accuser has plunged us into this struggle. should neither prejudge the case. and they were. If you were told lm. for justice demands that you would. I have not contracted any prejudice against you. with the result that you will even put me to death. which must lead to the loss of your empire. Never did you hear such tales from Athene. as I know full well. laugh outright although they have hosts of cavalry. and are ready to believe he is a menace to the autocrat of the Romans. And yet you distrust a philosopher. a goldbearing soil and. U . you ' i -i -i* population. whatever death means. whom you allege to be your guardian spirit. Though these rumours have reached my ears. all this on the mere word of an Egyptian sycophant. For since chap. their pronouncement. a teeming .LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. also to do the same And I would advise you . nor -take your seat on the bench with your mind made up to the belief Pleads his that 1 have done you any wrong. my prince. BOOK VIII whose excellence I am myself convinced. I!. the vn many have been led to form a false opinion of both myself and of you. and that I in turn shall try to evade this tribunal in some of the many ways there are. I am sure. of escaping from it. the Babylonian and other a foreign mere sage potentates were about to inflict some disaster on you.

cuytBa *A0viv8$ xal a. irpoeypijyoporas Be el Bij gov kcu irpoKaOevkcikoi*.ev virep gov (puGKOvras. yelpa. oi 0eoi.ijS' croi rov<. a? eir avicils \vcp6C)Gi. eiravr\ovvTe<i kciko. dXX' eivcu Aio«? p. kcu ev ica\ pvpidBcov kcu xpVG(p o^ocpay'ia Bvo kcu Tpcwv ecovijpeva ircuBiKa.FLAV1US PHILOSTRATUS cap. KadevBovGiv ovroi. (pacr/ceiv. covras. otov avrwv e^oi?. (paaii 1 . avK0(pavTa<.ari Kivhvvevovrl gol py]9' ovs XPh %vpiftov\eveiv pyjd' 6 tl karai gol irpos avToi><i oirXov hchuaKebv yKovTas. prjB dvoiBrjGai ri tcov Gir\dy)(vwv. kcu to poiyeveiv bv \av6dvovGt. dyopav eKKVKkclGOai \evKotv. co? tou<? Oeovs virep pev twv GptKpdv kcu oiroaa 6(p8aXp[ai re €igl kcu to pur) irvpetjat. rt vvv TOi<? a\iTT)pioi<i tovtois eiriBeBcoKev. viKais. 290 . be viro u\a> pev virb tovtmv. Kal epoL%evGav. elBevat p. bWav dpyvpw ol KpoTovvTes civtovs eirl >/ rats Ka\al<.. diro\'r}Tai gov. pev. yapelv Be. irovrjp(0<i Qepa- irevovTas. irepl Be irj upXV KCU T $ (pvXarrecrOai crcop. ['XidBas ravTWi del Kat to pev e? tt)V liriroTpocpeiv avTOvq Karri £evya>v j. aBiK&v ovBiv. eireiodv cpiXoGocpos tk viraros.ivov<. ^povov. eiriTrjBeiovs elvai goc £vp/3ov\ov<> /cal larpcov Blki]v e<pairrop. kcli ras tjvi'Tidevres.

these BOOK VIII miscreants. give you no counsel either as to the persons you should guard against or as to the weapons you should employ against them. absolutely innocent. nevertheless. the Gods are your apt advisers. that they should go on committing adultery as long as they are nut found out and then. instead of coming to your aid. but. such as sore eves. if indeed these wretches can sleep after pouring out such wicked lies and compiling ever and anon whole Iliads such as this one. they. leave you to the tender mercies of false accusers. marry the and is put to death by yourself— all this I am willing to concede to the licence of these accursed wretches and to their brazen indifference to the toils. whereas in insignificant matters. that their splendid successes should be hailed with applause. and that they ever watch over you in the hours of their waking and sleeping. into the silver That they should keep horses and roll theatrically forum in chariots drawn by snowy trams. falls into their and gold. that you would pretend that chap. as often as some philosopher or consul. 291 u 2 . in matters which imperil your throne and your life. and not before.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. just because they assert that they understand your welfare better even than do the gods. should gorge that they themselves off dishes of victims of their lusts when they are caught redhanded. manipulating and healing you after the maimer of physicians of anyone of these maladies you maybe suffering from. whom you regard as the Aegis of Athene or the hand of Zeus. parade favourites that cost them two or three myriad sesterces. and vu avoidance of fevers and inflammation of the bowels.

he fioi TavO' rjyolo. ip/ovpievos to ev ifiol irdv ev eyew.ev yap e'9 AiyvirTov ovirco avTOKpaTwp. vfi to /3e/3ia)fcco<i olha.evw ovhe i'jpeTO ovhe ev irepl tov cr^>//xaT09. S' 6(p6a\fi6)i> elvai <po/3ov. fteXTiov 7) ovtos. j-vXXi'iirTwp T?}? diroXoyias. hehoa6co rfj tow Karapdrcov ere jxi)t rpvcpfj real tw fjbijre vopccov avTol<.. dirPjXBev . iroXXu) Tafia.. oo~ov irep e/celvos aor ae p. w av yiyvcoatcwv dcfji'tceTO p. bv Tedvdvai puev 01 iroXXol <$ao~iv. eaTai p-oi fSaaiXev. rtjv irepl ypciijfovTat kcl\ ere co? hiafidXXovTa tov Oelov ho£av. virep T(ov upsets. €ipy']a0co vo/jlcov. 0&9 el fir) dp^ovra^ ovk ecrrai fioc inroXoyov fieva> . 292 epiov c>' eVe%' yxeiv 6fioXo~/)}aa<.rjhel<. evTv^oov he fiot KopbwvTL Te koI 6}he eaTa\p. d^io<i.ev yap eironjaev. to!? avfcocpdvTais Xoiirbs fj' /cat ^vvliipLi fiev eiriTipLcov pbdXXov i) diroXoyovp.r caTL Be ovtos 6 iraT))p 6 ero9. (p eyco toctovtov yi)v dyeiv. ec htaXeycopieOa ovv irepl tovtov dvhpi. Oeois Te to?? iv AlyvirT(p Ovacov kuptol virep tj}? dpx^ hiaXe£6p.evo<i. iireihdv p. to co? ovtco tl virep tou? dv0pd)irovs (ppovelv. irpoyiyvcoatceiv /3ovXea9ai eiraivo) ical twv dewv. vir epbov he eyeveTo. tov Aia. eXirls yap /ecu Kara gov %vyiceLcreadat ToiavTas ypacpdq. eya> he ov c/)?7yu.evo<.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. yap fcaXeo~acp.i yoi)reveiv pue (pr']aovai tcai tov ovpavbv e? ti)v Tt<? ovv £vv>]yopo<. ('crco? el irpoahe^oio. o~v 8' eya> /xev ovt cikovov hehia.

under whom I am conscious a wizard passed my life. tlic sycophants to concoct such accusations against have exhausted the list of yourself. they will accuse me of being and of bringing heaven down to earth. . so soon as they I know that my tone is rather their other victims. and authority by yourself stands own. if that of a censor than that of a defendant in so. falls that of your Who then will be my advocate while I am Repels the (ii) defending myself? For if I called upon Zeus to ^?dr°v of having help me. Let us then I deny to be appeal in this matter to one whom dead. with the recognition of whose . by because he knows my character much better than he was raised yourself. . as much to converse with me about the Empire as to sacrifice to the gods of Egypt. with horror.LIFE OF APOLLOXIUS. although the many assert it. I mean your own which father. considered that everything about me was well but he admitted that he had come thither on my account. you must pardon me for thus speaking up behalf of the laws. and was in turn me. he did not ask me a because he single question about my costume. who held me in the same esteem in made you hold him for he made you. my prince. rumour of it fills me approve or allow and the mere And if you allow such things to be. public eye and to law themselves the airs of superhuman beings and I cannot presume to know better than the gods. of offending they will perhaps accuse even yourself For we may expect against established religion. : BOOK VIII but that they should give chap. And when he found me with my long hair and dressed as I am at this moment. 293 . He. shall assist me in my defence. . for he came to Egypt before to the throne.

FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS
cap. eiraiveo-a^
teal

el-noov
1

p-ev

a
r\

p,t]

7rpb<;

aWov,
f,

aKovaa<i

S'

a

/j,tj

Trap

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re htdvoia,

e? to

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eppwadi] avTW
vfi

Trap" ep,ov pbdXtara,
ovtc
pr)

pedea-rrjKvia
pep, ov
p,rjv

ySi]

erepcov,

dveTrLT^heicov
ap-^eiv

aoi ye ho^ai, ol yap

avrbv
p.eT

ireWovTe<; /cal ae hijirov
e/ceivov

avrb depypovvro to
he

ravr
pui)

eyecv,

epbov

£vp./3ov\evovTO<;

eavrov re
(poiT(oo">]<;,

dira^iovv apXV** ^ iri @vpa<;

ai/Tw

tyia? re fcXr/povopbovs avrf)*; rroielaOai,
rjpQtj

ev e^t-v tijv yvtapajv (pjcras, avros re p*eyas
/cal

vpuds

r/pev
p,oi

el

he

yoyjrd pe wero, ovh' av
(ppovrihwv,

^vvrjy\re

/coivcovi'av

ovhe

yap
tcls
p,e
7)

roiavra tjkwv
Mot/ja?
7}

hie\eyero,

olov

dvdy/caaov
a7ro(pyjvai

rbv

A[a,

rvpavvov

repdrevcrai htoarjpiia^ inrcp ep,ov, heiPas

toi> rjXiov

dvio %ui>Ta

p,ev dirb tijs eaTrepas, hvopuevov he,

66ev
?}

apyejai. ov yap dv pot eTTiryjheio^ apy^eiv eto^ev,
ejie rjyovp,evo<; i/cavbv

ravra,

ij

ao<picrpa(Ti Otjpevwv
/cal jiijv /cal

cipx/iv, rjv
hrjp,ocria

dpera?^ ehei Kara/crdaOai.

hie\exdi]v ev lepra, yoijrcov he

gwovalai

(peuyovat p-ev lepa Oewv, ex^pd yap TOi? 7repl tijv d(peyye<;, avrcov rex inl v vvK-ra he. /cal irdv,
>

n

ovhe irpofiaWopbevoi, ov ^vyx^povai Tot? dvo/jTOis
6:p6a\.pLov<; eyeiv

ovre wTa. hie\ex@V HjOL Kai

^a

294

LIFE OF APOLLONIUS, BOOK

VIII
criAP.

and after commending me and saying to me things which he would have said to no one else, and having heard from me what he would have heard from no one else, he departed. I most confirmed him in his aspirations for the throne,

VH

others already sought to spirit, I admit, though you anyhow cannot agree with them for those who tried to persuade him not to assume the reins of Empire were assuredly on their way to deprive you also of the succession to him which you now hold. But by my advice he did not hold himself unworthy, he said, of the kingdom which lay within his grasp and of making you the heirs thereto and he fully acknowledged the entire wisdom of my advice, and he was raised himself to the pinnacle of greatness, as Now if he had looked in turn he raised yourselves. upon me as a wizard, he would never have taken me into his confidence, for he did not come and say such things as this to me Compel the Fates or compel Zeus to appoint me tyrant, or to work miracles and portents in my behalf, and show me the sun rising in the west and setting at the point where he rises. For I should not have thought him a fit person for empire if he had either considered me as an adept in such art, or resorted to such tricks in pursuit of a crown which it behoved him to win by his virtues alone. More than this my conversation with him was held publicly in a temple, and wizards do not affect temples of the gods as their places of reunion for such places are inimical to those who deal in magic, and they cloak their art under the cover of night and of every sort of darkness, so as to preclude their dupes from the use of their eyes and It is true that he also had a private converears.

dissuade him,

— in no unfriendly

when

;

;

:

;

295

FLA VI US PHILOSTRATUS
CAP
piev,

rrapervyyavov Be 6pa>$ Evd>pdr)]<;
rro\efttoorard
ptrj

ical

Ai(ov,

o

ptev

pot

eywv,

6

S"

oi/cetorara,
<fit\ot<;.

Htwva yap
av ovv
crocptas
err
e<f

rravaatfitjv ypdcpcov ev
i]

rt<i

dvBpcov crocfiwv
yoi]ra<;

perarrotovptevcov ye
;

e\0ot Xoyovs

ti?

S'

ovk av
/cal

rraparrXrjatw^

cpvXd^atro
(paiveaOat
;

koX

ev

cptXot<;

ev

e\6pol^

fcafcb?

koX

01

Xoyot

i^aav

evavrtovptevot tol$ yoijcrt'

av pev yap

'taws

tov

rrarepa yyfj rbv aeavrov /3a,atXetas epcbvra yor>at

pdXXov
rovro
pterd

i]

eavru) rrtarevaat, /cal dvdy/crjv

errl

rovs

deovq, Xva rovrov rvyoi, Trap
ptev teal rrplv e?

eptov evpeaOat, 6 Be
rjiceiv

Atyvrrrov

e^etv wero,

ravra

8'

vrrep ptet^ovcov eptol BteXeyero, vrrep
deo't

voptwv koX virep rrXovrov BiKatov,
rrevreot, /cal orroaa Trap

re

&>?

depa-

avroiv

dyaOd

rots

Kara

toi>? voptovs dpyovat, ptaOelv ypa- oi? rrdatv evavr'tov

xprjpM ol ear at 1) reyin).
TLpocrrjfcei

y6i]Te<;,

el

yap ia^vot ravra, ovk

Be, &>

fiaaiXev, ndicelva erreaKe(pdat'
dvdpdtirrovs etat, rrparrovat

revvat brrbaat
ptev
at

tear*

dXXo

aXXaj,
at

rrdaat
8'

S'

vrrep
at

xpijpdrcov,
,

pev crpAKpwv,

av pteydXwv,

B

d<$>

mv

Opetyovrat'
/cal

Kal ov% at fidvavaot rwv dXXcov re%v6)v aocpat re

ptovov,

aXXa
real

opotcos

296

LIFE OF
sation with

APOLLO NT IS, BOOK

VIII

begin to talk wizardry in the presence of wise men men anyhow laying claim to wisdom ? And who would not be equally on his guard both among friends and among enemies of betraying his And moreover our conversation on that villainy ? for you occasion, was directed against wizards surely will not suppose that your own father when he was aspiring to the throne set more confidence in wizards than in himself, or that he got me to put pressure upon heaven, that he might obtain his object, when, on the contrary, he was confident of winning the crown before ever he came to Egypt and subsequently he had more important matters to talk over with me, namely the laws and the just acquisition of wealth, and how the gods ought to be worshipped, and what blessings they have in store for those monarchs who govern their people in accordance with the laws. These are the subjects which he desired to learn about, and they are all the direct opposite of wizardry for if they count for anything at all, there will be an end of the black art. And there is another point, my prince, which Liberal (iii)
or of
;

me, but there were present at it beside chap. V11 myself Euphrates and Dion, one of them my bitter enemy, but the other my firmest friend for may there never come a time when I shall not reckon Dion among my friends. Now I ask you, who would
;

;

;

merits your attention.

The

various arts

known

to

[^erai arts

mankind, in spite of the difference of their functions and achievements, are yet all concerned to make money, some earning less, some earning more, and some just enough to live upon and not only the base mechanic arts, but of the rest those which
;

297

FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS
cap.
v7roao(f)oi,

7r\rjv

dXrjOovs

(pt\oirocf)La<;.

koKo)

Be

acxpas

fjiev

iroirjriKrjv

pLovcriKiw

darpovo/xiav,
p,r)

ao(j)iard<; Kai rcov prjropcov
VTTOcrocfiovs

tou?

dyopaiovs,

Be

^raypaipiav irXaartK^v dya\p,aro~

ttoiovs

Kvftepv7/Ta<i

yewpyovi,

rjv

rats

6jpat<i

ernovrai, Kai
Xeiirovrai.

yap atoe
eari Be
rt,

at re^vai aocpias ov ttoXv

w
ptr)

/3aat\ev,
p,avriKT)v

-^revBoaocpol
v7ro\d/3r}s,

re

Kai

dyet'povres,

o

rroWov uev yap
0V7T0) oiBa,

dtjla, r)v d\r)9evr}, el 6'

earl re^vr),
<f)t]fiL'

dWa

tovs y6rira<; yjrevBocrocpovs
elvac Kai to,
rf)

Ta yap ovk ovra

ovra d-mo-relaOai,

rrdvra ravra TrpocrriO^pn,
&u%V>

rcov i^a7rarcop,evo)v
Te^vrj<i
eirl
rf]

TO

7®P

o-n(pbv

t>}?

row

e^a7rar(o/.iei'aiv
7)

re

Kai

Ovopterojv

dvoia Kelrat,

Be

re%vr)

cptXo^pjjptarot

irdvres,
o-(f)iaiv

a

yap

KopbtyevovTai, ravd^ inrep ptiadov

evpijrai,

piaarevovai

B^

vrrepfioXas ^piipdrwv, VTrayop.evoi

rov<i otovB?) eptovras a>9
o)

iKavol irdvra.
i)fxd^

riva ovv,

f3aai\ev, irXovrov irepl
o't'ei,

IBwv "^revBoao^iav
rzarpos
d\i]6fj

eTTLTrjBevetv fie

Kai ravra rod gov
;

Kpeirroi

pte

yyovptevov %p)]p,drcov

ore

S'

298

LIFE OF AFOLLONIUS,
are esteemed liberal
]

BOOK

VIII

arts as well as those which only chap. V border upon being liberal, and true philosophy is the And by liberal arts I mean poetry, only exception. music, astronomy, the art of the sophist and of the orator, the merely forensic kinds excepted and by the arts which border upon liberal I mean those of the
I

f

;

painter, modeller, sculptor, navigator, agriculturist, in case the latter waits upon the seasons ; for these arts are not very inferior to the liberal professions.

And on the other hand, my prince, there are the pseudo-liberal arts of jugglers, which I would not have you confuse with divination, for this is highly esteemed, if it be genuine and tell the truth,
though whether it is an ai t, I am not yet sure. But I anyhow affirm wizards to be professors of a pseudo-liberal art, for they get men to believe that the unreal is real, and to distrust the real as unreal, and I attribute all such effects to the imaginative
;

for the cleverness of this art fancy of the dupes is relative to the folly of the persons who are deceived by them, and who offer the sacrifices they

Do you then find me getting everything for them. So opulent as to warrant me in supposing that I cultivate this sort of false and illiberal wisdom, the more so as your own father considered me to be above all pecuniary considerations ? And to show you that
1

prescribe ; and its professors are given up wholly to filthy lucre, for all their parade of skill is devised by them in hope of gain, and they are always on the look out for big fortunes, and they try to persuade people who are passionately attached to something or another that they are capable of

I

translate the

liberal, wise,

and

same word ao<pos in this passage clever according to the context.

by

299

FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS
cap.

\eyco, ttov /xol
Oe'tov

rj

eVtcrToXr/

rod yevvalov re Kal

dvSpos ro TTeveauai.

;

09

/"e ev avrfj dheu

rd re

aWa

Kal

avroKpdrcop Ove<T7racriavb i 'A7roA,\<yytro
i

<J3i\o-

aocpco yaipeiv.

" Et Travres, 'ArroWcovie, Kara ravrd croi cpiXoaocpetv i]6e\ov, acpoBpa dv evSaipovcos eirparre
cfiiXocTcxpia

re

teal

rrevia-

cpiXocrocpia

p,ev

dSe-

Kciarcos e^ovcra, rrevla he avdaipercos.

eppcoao."

lava
perov

rrari)p

0-09 vrrep ep,ov

airoAoyeiauco,

cpi\oao<pia<$ p,ev ro
epiol

dheKaarov, Trevias 8e to avdaibpi^bpevos, ipepvrjro ydp rrov koX rcov

Kara
rcov

rrjv

it pocrrvoiov pevcov

Alyvirrov, or JLvcppdrr/s p,ev Kat rroWol cbiXoaocpelv 7rpocnovre<i avrco
rjrovv, eyco

Xpyjpara ov8' defyavws
ft>9

ov p,6vov ov

Trpoarjeiv virep yjprjp,drcov,

d\Xa

KciKeivovs eeoOovv

ov% vyiaivovras, $ie/3e{3\rjpi]v 8e 777309 ^prjpxtra 8' i)v pbeipiiKLOv cov ere rd yovv irarpCoa, \apnrpd
ovaia ravra, puds
pLovrjs l&cov rjpepas,

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rbv Alyvirrcov rovrov

yap ireirpd^Oai re

300

LIFE OF APOLLONIUS,
I speak the truth, here noble and divine man,

BOOK
me
:

VIII

is

a letter to
in
it

who

praises

from that chap. me more Ul

especially for

my

poverty.

It

runs thus

"The
"If

autocrat Vespasian to Apollonius the philo-

Vespasian's

sopher sends greetings.

tafftSS*
Apollonius

men, Apollonius, were disposed to be philosophers in the same spirit as yourself, then the lot no less of philosophy than of poverty would be an
all

extremely happy one
Farewell."

;

for

your philosophy
is

is

pure

and disinterested, and your poverty
Let
of
this

voluntary.

be your

sire's

pleading in

my

behalf,

when he thus

lays stress

upon the disinterestedness

my philosophy, and the voluntariness of my For I have no doubt he had in mind the poverty. episode in Egypt, when Euphrates and several of those who pretended to be philosophers approached
him, and in no obscure language begged for money whereas I myself not only did not solicit him for money, but repudiated them as impostors for doing so. And I also showed an aversion from money from my first youth for realising that my patrimony, and it was a considerable property, was at best but a transitory toy, I gave it up to my brothers and to my friends and to the poorer of my
; ;

relatives, so disciplining myself from my very home and hearth to want nothing. I will not dwell upon Babylon and the parts of India beyond the Caucasus and the river Hyphasis, through which I journeyed But in favour of my life here ever true to myself. and no less of the fact that I have never coveted

money,
here
;

I

will

for

invoke the testimony of this Egyptian he accuses me of every sort of evil deed
301

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302

LIFE OF APOLLONIUS,

BOOK

VIII

and design, yet we hear nothing from him of how chap. much money I made by these villainies, nor of how VI1 much gain I had in view indeed he thinks me such
;

a simpleton as to practise my wizardry for nothing, and whereas others only commit its crimes for much money, he thinks that I commit them for none at It is as if I cried my wares to the public in such all. terms as the following Come, O ye Dupes, for I am a wizard and I practise my art not for money, and so you shall but free, gratis, and for nothing earn a great reward, for each of you will go off with his heart's desire, while I shall get away with nothing but dangers and writs of accusation. But without descending to such silly argu- Avoidance (iv) 111" ments, I would like to ask the accuser which of his f^" counts I ought to take first. And yet why need I ask him? for at the beginning of his speech he dwelt upon my dress, and by Zeus, upon what I eat and what I do not eat. O divine Pythagoras, do thou defend me upon these counts for we are put upon our trial for a rule of life of which thou wast the discoverer, and of which I am the humble partisan. For the
: ;

;

1

;

earth, my prince, grows everything for mankind and those who are pleased to live at peace with the brute creation want nothing, for some fruits they can cull from earth, others they win from her furrows, for she is the nurse of men, as suits the seasons but these men, as it were deaf to the cries of motherearth, whet their knife against her children in order to get themselves dress and food. Here then is something which the Brahmans of India themselves condemned, and which they taught the naked sages of Egypt also to condemn and from them Pythagoras Rule of p tha took his rule of life, and lie was the first of Hellenes y ^ orils
;
;

;

3°3

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3°4

LIFE OF APOLLONIUS,
who had
was
earth
;

BOOK

VIII

his rule to give

And it chap intercourse with the Egyptians. vn up and leave her animals to the
all

were pure and

things which she grows, he declared, undefined, and ate of them acbecause they were best adapted to nourish cordingly, both body and soul. But the garments which most men wear made of the hides of dead animals, he declared to be impure and accordingly clad himself in linen, and on the same principles had his shoes woven of byblus. And what were the advantages

but

;

which he derived from such purity
before
all

?

Many, and

the privilege of recognising his own soul. For he had existed in the age when Troy was the fairest ot fighting about Helen, and he had been the sons of Panthus, and the best equipped of them so young an age as to excite all, yet he died at the lamentations even of Homer. Well after that he passed into several bodies according to the decree of Adrastea, which transfers the soul from body to- body, and then he again resumed the form of man, and was born to Mnesarchides ot Samos, this time a sage instead of a barbarian, and an Ionian instead of a Trojan, and so immune from death that he did not even forget that he

was Euphorbus.

I

have then told you who was

the begetter of my own wisdom, and I have shown that it is no discovery of my own, but an inheritance And as for myself come to me from another. though I do not condemn or judge those who make it part of their luxury to consume the red-plumaged bird, or the fowls from Phasis or the land of the Paeones, which are fattened up for their banquets by those who can deny nothing to their bellies, and I have never yet brought an accusation

though

3°5
vol..

n

x

covovvrat ifheiovos \ap. ypacf)}) KaX av^poij evp^rat. i) toi>? kotttt aTias ol ov& nvbs kciL d\ovpyiho<. KaOapov epol p>ev 'I^Bot? teal ho/cei. j3e\ricov tov real epiov . Tpayr/p. eir •)? eVir^e.lv KiroXoyuipeOa Kal inrep eireicy t«.}) \ivov he aireiperai per.evov Oeois. virep twv tydvwv.ei>ois ev^opLevoL<i evvvyeveiv inr &>9 avrS>. t«? eyd>. irore ov<. 306 .<j Koprj<i. KaOapov he Ka\ rb yap ra oveipara rols. he Tlvdayopa hid roino o"^(J)pa yeyove hiaXeyodvovai. 6eoi. KaOapov he AlyvTTTiois. hiaiTCtipievois ervpcorepa<i avrwv <fci']p. kcl\ oy pa\aicf}<.dT(ov Kadapas ovhe 6\}ro(f)ayia$ ypa<pr)V rj (peuyco.. Xpvaov eVetS?) ovhels dir avrrp \oyo<. d\\ epL\jrv^ov ehpecpO?]. o>9 aXka /cd/ceLvrjv \(07roSuT€i pe Kari]yopo<. Trore rjfi. to p.ijrv)£a)v rj tols yotjai. dacfroheXov he. Kat eadij^ 6 aavXos. r) oY &v KaOapos Tt? bQbvr) eire)(6i] ho/cei. naiTOi tov inrep re p. rfjs ovai)<. /cat p. o/z&>9.irpoi. i) rjjjtcoadv rrore avrb /ecu xpvaov eihovs Oeol Xuyoi. ' dyei.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. ci(j)e\ovTi iroWov d^lav ep.a<. he p. ovhe TIapcf)u\ov eadr/TOS.ev ye rrpaordrov ^coou oi p-rj o~7rovha^oicai.r) teal dyjnj%u>v ri \6yov. i) eftdaiapja ovhevi. vi) inratyovat to rroipaiveiv At'. J) p.

because it is not plucked from the back of a living animal. because they buy fish for their tables at greater prices than grand seigneurs ever gave for their Corinthian chargers. are discoursing or praying or 3°7 x 2 . against BOOK VIII anyone. in what way is linen better than wool ? Was not the latter taken from the back of the gentlest of animals. and so do the Egyptians. for the accuser is ready to steal f wcaii. (v) Nor even is my mode of dress protected from The charge their calumnies. (vi) Let us next defend ourselves from the attack The charge occasioned by the hair which we formerly wore. and. of a creature beloved of the gods. g lmen only m» i i i i i even that on my back. i • -i regard a man as impure or pure. and I myself and Pythagoras on this account have adopted it as our garb when we And it is a pure substance under offering sacrifice. which to sleep of a night. for to those who live as I do dreams bring the truest of their revelations. who do not disdain themselves to be shepherds. because I indulge in asphodel and dessert of dried fruits and — pure delicacies of that kind. and though I his soft chap Ul have never grudged anyone his purple garment nor raiment and Pamphylian tissues yet I am accused and put upon my trial. because it has such vast value for wizards. according as he uses one or the other of which ' ?. once held the fleece to be worthy of a golden form. and if it be not a mere story ? On the other hand linen is grown and sown anywhere. ?f w ri ng ^ for one of the counts of the accusation turns upon . by Zeus. Nevertheless. if it was really a god that did so. the Indians regard it as pure. O ye gods.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. and there is no talk of gold in connection I with it. And yet apart from my contention about the use of living animals and lifeless things.

. tou? epaaTas /ccofid^ei' i^a-yjrdfieva Kal Ta? eraipas.evo^.60TaTa avTwv tiyov. iracrai B' opupai. Kal ovttg) TOidivBe upuvcov eV avTrj Bei]0ei5. p. yap Kal aTpocpiov twv dXovpyoTaTOiv v>epl avTtjv dpp. ecrofiei irepl Tas tmv 'EUi/wk dyvuis. ov yap 6ep.eiov ouBev tol i) Kal ^TrdpTrj en"' eVt AvKovpyw tc Kal 'I^tTco. 60ev ev^ac epp.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.a/u. e'7&) &>9 0eo? Kopuy if* dv0pd>Trou Be rjfieXrjpLevr) ^pwp.. eaoiTO. iroTep" 308 eauTov T-qv tmv eV avTOv . e? ypacpas dyopbai Kal BiKaaT^pia.vb<i piev <pi\ot<i.6aa<. rjKei.wv virep dvBpeias.iTov eirdyeiv auTOV.ev evhaifjLOva i)yeLo-0a) Kal ^rfkatra tj}? /eo/^79 Kal XeiftofAei'Ov «7r' tou avr?)$ p. Kal /SaaCkeus X7rdpTrj<. to avrd- KaKoBaipbove^.e Bk dvacppoBiaLav p-rj iraaav Kal epaanjv tou 7T/30? epdv. ov iracrai piev alo-0i]Ti]pLG)V iri]yai. vp-vovs £vvti0€l<. AewvuBa'i eyeveTO Kop. (pofiepos rj Be i^Opol^ avTU) (palveadai' TauTa Kopcd p.?}<? vovTat Kal crocpLas puev X0709. aocpou Be dvBpbs Kopys (peiBea0a> aiBy)po<. ip. KpiveTO) Be /XT) o Kl<yvTTrto<i.7re8o*A. aXXa ra ^av0a /ecu Kal Si€Krevi.i]vev<.eva fieipaKia. Kal tou o~ep.rj elpijaerai yap auKocpavTeiTe to to yap Kopudv Ik AaKeBacpuovtcov Aaypiecov evpepba. e? t?}? 0D9 p. KaTa tovs %povou<i iTUTrjSevdev auTols. y e<j> a? eavra p. T€ dvacpaLE//. Kal ti »} <pCo tov 'E/A7re- BoKkea.vpov.a%ip.

and walked proudly about the streets of the Hellenes. For I am locks . his head are all the springs of his senses. yet terrible For these reasons Sparta wears her to his enemies. the squalor thereof. BOOK VIII But surely the Egyptian is not chap. and compliment themselves upon their congratulate and on the myrrh which drips from them but me everything that is unattractive. composing hymns to prove that he had passed from humanity and was become a god I only wear my . yet am hailed before the lawAnd what shall I say of courts as a criminal. do not falsely accuse an institution of the Dorians . but rather the dandies with their yellow and well-combed locks. Leonidas. and all his intuitions. think inclined to address them thus ye poor wretches. and I have never needed to sing such hymns about it. and if a lover of anything. who seek by means of them to inflame the hearts of their Let them lovers and the mistresses of their revels. and it is the source from which his prayers issue forth and also his speech. inasmuch as for it is impious to apply it thereto . O order to appear dignified to his friends. the inter- in hair dishevelled. And let every sage be careful that the iron knife does not touch his hair. Which had he most reason to praise. for the wearing of your hair long has come down from the Lacaedemonians avIio affected it in the period when they reached the height of their and a king of Sparta. and in : .LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. military fame wore his hair long in token of his bravery. of abstention from love. Empedocles? 3°9 . fastened a fillet of deep purple around his hair. hair long no less in his honour than in that of Lycurgus and of Iphitus. entitled to judge me for this. And whereas Empedocles preter of his wisdom.

yiyvdxr/ccov. trap ol<. ' ovc7 olha itoXiv ovSe- p. oaicorepoi dveiv. rj e'<? o ri e£ brov p. yap rovs dvd pcowovi 6eov eiccfrepeiv rf)<. eyco. oaicorepoi piveiv. vit ifioif tcairoi ical irpo aiTt'as eiceiva oioaa/ceiv eoei. yap koX Si irpovXafte inrep r?}? Karrjyopiav alrias 6 (pOcvos. i^rj\.i]crl dWd koX t&J Ail irapa- (pofiov pie. aol piovov. f) n oia\e\oei<. ovar)$. vopiovs eppwadai. v(3pu> e/CT€Tp.7]ai.ev (pai- tovtcov vrryjp'x^e to fteXriovs aurot"? avrwv 310 . eBeovro vocreiv I'ocrovvrcs. ev y eBo^e %vviovra<. fifio? XiroWwvKp roiaura' dveiv.fj(rdai.e6a virep rrjv r% Kopnrjs. erfirjOi] 7r\eico hia\eyd>p.era/3a\ei p. o~\eZv /zj. pirj oirocra ol eBeovro piov. /cai- toi ttoWov e«ra<TTOt? iyevopnjv.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. (f. $i€\e%97]v FjX\.oi- dvOpdiiTovs TTpoaeuy^eadai i] ovre ydp. M?. ovk eavKo- (pavreiro ravra . ovr oia \oyia XPV a ^ Be v (pBa<.iav.6ov. ov erepas %p7] ew arroXoyeladai fiaaCkev. avOpaiTTGiv evSaipioviav dSeiv. r/yeiaOai teal orjpiocria tovt epi/3e- {3povT7]/ievov<.ot tca'noi yjrv^ij. twi' deoK\v~ovvTO)v cpopd. pn<r6b<? 8' ifiol p. ^a\eTrP]f.ere/3(i\ov ev r/ fj p. kcu oias. ovre So^wi t'? 7repl ep-avrou ical roiavras direareiXa. n o ovto) Oavpidaiov elrrtov irpd^a<i viniyayopiiiv tou? p.

cation of Apo 0U. . for it my say ™Def" (vii) has been cut off. a much more serious one from which I must now defend myself. And yet I have been much esteemed in the several cities which asked for my were for which they aid. For it is one calculated to fill not himself with appreonly you. . that both their initiations and their sacrifices might be rendered more holy. And whereas the only reward which I obtained in all this was that men were made much better than they were : 3 11 . vn ness. to wit. whatever the objects asked it. or by what miracles of for I I induced men to pray to me never talked among Hellenes of the goal and origin of my souls past and future transformations. that insolence and pride might be extirpated. by what discourses. and the accusation has been fore. although nor did I ever I knew full well what they were disseminate such opinions about myself nor go about in search of presages and oracular strains.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS.CHAP.kUS stalled by the same hatred which inspires the next count. been thunderstruck god. Nor do instinct of candidates for divine honours. are things which they should have informed us of. and the laws strengthened. BOOK VIII the man himself or his contemporaries for their happi. seeing that they never levelled false accusation against him for such a reason ? ge no more ahout But let us hair. and they were such as these that their sick might be healed of their diseases. 1 know of a single city in which a decree was passed that the citizens should assemble and sacrifice in honour of Apollonius. and that those who have and rendered stark-mad by myself proclaim this And yet before accusing me there tenet in public. but Zeus For he declares that men regard me as a hension. as is the word or deed . my prince.

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they BOOK VIII chap. though they are too divine. and weighed and examined the repuhis temple. Consequently if they did regard me as a god.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. though they were aware that there is a between man and God a certain kinship which enables him alone of the animal creation to recognise the Gods. I think. before. and that those who are endowed Avith such virtues are near to God and substance. in all probability. for I am sure they were the more ready to listen to me. and as shepherds fatten the sheep for the owner's profit. But in fact they entertained no such illusion. having just penned his code for the the affairs of Lacedaemon. But we need not hail the Athenians as the teachers of this opinion. to be applicable to man. by correcting the defects of their polities. cows into good order earn the gratitude of their owners. Apollo addressed him. the deception brought profit to yourself. regulation of 3*3 . so also I myself. but we must mention the Apollo in the Pythian temple as their For when Lycurgus from Sparta came to author. because they feared to do that which a god disapproved of. so that the owner may not lose his swarm. . if they get the yourself by me. divine. and to speculate both about his own nature and the manner in which it participates in the divine Accordingly man declares that his very form resembles God. as it is interpreted by sculptors and painters and he is persuaded that his virtues come to him from God. because they were the first to apply to men the titles of just and Olympic beings and the like. and as bee-keepers remove diseases from the hive. improved the cities for your benefit. were all so many boons bestowed upon For as cow-herds.

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of. But there is also a universe dependent on the good man which does not transcend the limits of wisdom. Now this ori- ac- which are equally open to all men to partake though their fortunes are not equal.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. and at the commencement of his chap. will allow stands earth. BOOK VIII tation he enjoyed . 3*5 . who brought them into being and sustains them and it declares further that his motive in designSince then these notions Theology of ing was his goodness. . v " oracle the god declares that he is puzzled whether to call him a god or a man. but on the contrary the citizens agreed with the oracle. Lacedaemonians never forced a lawsuit on this account upon Lycurgus. for I believe they were already persuaded of the fact before ever it was delivered. though belonged to the Indians. but though they do so. count recognises God as the creator of all things. which depends upon God the creator we must understand things in heaven and all things in the sea and on . I carry the argument P° further and declare that good men have in their comAnd by the universe position something of God. A Uonius are kindred to one another. nor threatened him on the ground that he claimed to be immortal for he never rebuked the Pythian god for so addressing him. and even ginally it have taught it to others. but as he advances he decides in favour of the former appellation and assigns And yet the it to him as being a good man. my prince. they yet approve of the account which they have given of the creator of the Universe. which I imagine you yourself. And the truth about the Indians and the Egyptians is the following: The Egyptians falsely accuse the Indians of several things and in particular find fault with their ideas -of conduct.

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(viii) Let me now. to be Now you need a man to administer and a human soporific. can wash off them the guilt of that. though their antics lead to nothing. and they have laws which are out-ofdate and vain and there is no good sense among them. are other souls which are drunken and rush in all directions at once. Here you have a sally-port of barbarians. is the fashion of this universe? There are UI undisciplined souls which in their madness clutch at every fashion.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. chap. even if they drank all the drugs accounted.Savi0Ur wisdom. my prince. . as the Mandragoras is. nor could do so. who refuse 317 . Let us suppose that among the Scythians or Celts. but the honours which they pay to the gods and they are in love with really dishonour them idle chatter and luxury which breed idleness and And what . . And there sloth. which they rush to satisfy with instincts too fierce for ordinary society. avIio live along the rivers Ister and Rhine. in BOOK VIII need of a man fashioned in the image of God. a city has been founded every whit as important as Ephesus in Ionia. which is such that they deny they have anything at all unless they can hold their mouths open and have the stream of wealth flow into it. city was gained and let the Egyptian be my judge. care for the universe of such souls. neither I myself nor even the God who created all things. For this is the sort of thing the accusation is. For perhaps such a man as I speak of could even restrain them from committing murder however. a god sent down by . take the accusation Thedewhich concerns Ephesus. For he is able to wean them from the lusts and passions. since the salvation of that li v ry of Kphesus T-. Tii '. from plague . the worst of all practical advisers. and from their avarice. according as it bests suits his accusation.

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LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. not by use of arms. nor may I ever behold in temples a disease to which But those who lie sick should succumb in them. on the promontory over which she is built. but by plague my prince. and need not restore them to health. and not at peace with our race yet who would desire to deprive Ephesus of her salvation. that no city may ever be wholly wiped out. Vl1 was about to be destroyed by a pestilence. not to her cavalry. but to the tens of thousands of her inhabitants in whom she encourages wisdom ? And do you think that there is any wise man who would decline to do his best in behalf of such a city. unless indeed the sovereign desires to get rid of his adverfor 1 pray. since they are our bitter enemies. both philosophers and rhetoricians. thanks to whom the city owes her strength. when he reflects that Democritus once liberated the people of Abdera from pestilence. Acragas ? 319 . and is filled with studious people. and when he bears in mind the story of Sophocles of Athens. and stretched herself out to the sea. let us tben suppose that it citap. who is said to have charmed the winds when they were blowing unseasonably. BOOK VIII to be subject to yourself. saries. imagine that a wise man would be able to defend himself even against such a charge as that. . and who has heard how Empedocles stayed a cloud in its course when it would have burst over the heads of the people of . a city which took its beginnings from that purest of beings Atthis. "•ranted that we are not interested in the affairs of barbarians. and that I Apollonius found a remedy and averted it. and which grew in size beyond all other cities of Ionia and Lydia. either to please yourself or to please me.

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so that I could never have reached such a pitch of truth if I were not a wizard and an unspeakable What then will Socrates say here of the wretch. BOOK VIII hear him chap. you A I am yourself do so. senses in a kind of indescribable ether or clear air. my king. plague would fall upon them transcends the power of wisdom and is miraculous. and alloAvs me to discern. he says. and forbids them to contract any foul or turbid matter. is it not a fact that by they were brought before the law-courts upon other charges. my prince. I get my sense of the coming Ephesus ? You have listened to the statement made even by my accuser. that instead of diet of my living like other people. and prefer it to the luxury of others. as in the sheen of a looking-glass. earth. I keep to a light own. lore which he declared he learned from his demonic Or what would Thales and Anaxagoras.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. where the women had a bad reputation for drawing the moon down to . of whom one foretold a plenteous crop of olives. and I How then did at disaster This diet. say. genius ? both Ionians. II. but for having foretold that the for this. everything that is happen- began by saying guards my 321 VOL. (ix) The accuser here interrupts me. and he remarks that not accused for having brought about the salvation of ^irji-y of the Ephesians. but that no one ever heard among their accusations that of their being wizards. and it would not have been a plausible charge to bring against men of wisdom even in Thessaly. and the other not a few meteorothese things logical disturbances ? That they foretold dint of being wizards ? Why. Y . because they had the gift of foreknowledge ? For that would have been thought ridiculous. so myself.

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ask of me in private about the causes of pestilence for they are secrets of a wisdom which should not be divulged to the many. took the form of a poor old man. who once purged of the plague the city of Elis. Who then do you think. Augeas. But I would have you.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. lies in the future. I both detected. BOOK VIII For the sage will not wait for the chap. and it plague. my prince. for I chose him to help me. earth to send up its exhalations. would dedicate his personal achievement to a god ? And whom would he get to admire his art. not so soon indeed as the gods. but in particular from what took place in Ephesus in connection with that For the genius of the pestilence. — — : . by washing away with the river-tide the foul exhalations which the land sent up under the tyranny of . the god was to whom I had offered my prayers is shown in the statue which I set up in Ephesus to commemorate the event and it is a temple of the Hercules who averts disease. . yet For the gods perceive what sooner than the many. Was it then my mode of living which alone develops such a subtlety and keenness of perception as can apprehend the most important and wonderful phenomena ? You can ascertain the point in question. ing or is to be. and wise men what is approaching. and men what is going on before them. being ambitious to be considered a wizard. or for the atmosphere to be corrupted. my prince. in case the evil is shed from above but he will notice these things when they are impending. if he gave the credit of the miracle 323 y2 . because he is the wise and courageous god. not only from other considerations. and having detected took it captive and I did not And who so much stay the disease as pluck it out.

a tcd/cel K. t/? S' av 01 wv.i e? eovcra. av0pcorrcov rrpdrrcov. \afiias t']Xve. aicove iirel tceXeveis p. ?) /cdfceivovs av rov rfj<i 0vaca<i e0ovs £' ov& errepn^d av ttoI pLerefiaXov dvolas yXavvov. ovo av ov tt}9 alpa. rrco 2. cov /360poi<> 6avfid£ea0ai. rd 'Hpa/cXeovs ) d/covcov' ^/)?. r) oi)S' av ev^atfirjv ovcV e'/c p. /3\<=7rcov to 0vcriav. ov /cat 0avfia<Tiot)v dXXa Xi/3avcorov rov inrep aconjplaii ri dv- 0pco7rcov epydo~aa0ai./cu0i]v fiacriXev.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS C ^P- ^^X V1 ^' @ € V 'nap^'i T0 Hpa/cXel ev^aaOac 70779 KafcoSalfioves Oeols.ia0bv rcov a0Xcov yyetro. ev Y\e\oTTOvv^(j(p nrepl rt]v rrore. icaOapos yap rjv^dpLyv avra> /cal Kai T049 dv0pco7roi<i evvovs. ypi]/ca<i.e.o"T09 ep.)) Vjvpvo-0ea p. Xva irXelara 3-4 .01 row vecov tovs KaXovs' ko\ ^vvtjparo 8e7]0els Scopcov.d%aipav p. avrcou 6Lyoip. yap tl (pdap. tepcov. d%0ov. AW' yeiaOai. &)9 Xlaaaayerai<. dv0pd)7TOi<i. dpiLKrov rro0ev.6piv0ov airovpuevov p. eireiSi] koi o-a>Tijpio<. rovrl yap koX Kara rov p. rd yap roiavra /ecu dvartOeacrt y&oviois rov 'Hpa/cXea diroraKreov. uttoXo- rovrl yap teal rfj X ei Pl evhei/cvvaai. . Tavpois.eXe yap aurov ry A0t]va roi<. ovo ev av ol<. diroXoyias dXi]0ov<f eya) rcov yap rrdvB* ovttlo vwep virep cr(or'i]pia<. real rov dycovos p.eXirrovrrj(. rjv <pi]aw. fiaaiXev. avtraipLi ovoev.e virep 7:979 0vaia<.

nor offer any prayer with my eyes fixed upon a knife or a sacrifice as he underIt is no Scythian. my prince. BOOK VIII God ? And who -would offer bis prayers to chap. nor a native of some savage and inhospitable land nor did I ever mingle with Massagetae or Taurians. and the chance to do a salutary turn to mankind for in the case of Eurystheus also this was the only guerdon which he thought of for his — . 325 . would ask you. It shall set the truth before you. I displeased at . my prince. if he were a wizard? For in fact these wretches attribute such feats to the trenches they dig and to the gods of the under-earth. for there was an apparition of a lamia there too and it infested the neighbourhood of Corinth and devoured good-looking young men. without asking of me any wonderful nothing more than honey-cake and frankingifts. hear my in ^0™^" conducted defence. that you stands it. have got before you. . yet I have never offered a sacrifice in their behalf. for in that case I should have reformed even them and altered their sacrificial But to what a depth of folly and inconcustom. cense. In all my actions I have at heart the salvation of mankind. for he is a pure deity and kindly on a time to men. among whom we must not class Heracles. the matter of the sacrifice. And Hercules lent me his aid in my contest with her. as you bid me vindicate myself The charge (x) But inasmuch labours. to UI Hercules. nor touch sacraments in which there is blood.LIFE OF APOLLOXIUS. prayer to him once also in the Peloponnese. not to be my mention of Hercules for Athene had him under her care because he was good and kind and a Saviour of man. nor will I ever sacrifice anything. I offered my . for I observe you beckoning with your hand for me to do so.

)] Kal ovhe ra olkol eiraivel iKaptj' ae yovv eiKos eiraLvel puev o~d>paTO<. Kal \6yov iraPTOs eV tt}<... 7rpo0vp. he ypcop7]<.r) p.. pvcro<.. t)viKa TavTa7rdcn]<.t)v el Tt9 to t>}<? 0vala<.ev d p.cvo<.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS CAP. r) avOpwireia (pvcr^ eiratvelv.oTepa yap 6W&)? p.evo<. apiara Kal S' avdpooircov r}a0r)p.avTevopevoi<. rol<.cai- dvhpdai p. d(f>e\a>v Kal jj. Nepovav yap victtiiv dtjiov pep apyr)<i i)yovpat 7ikovto<.ovlov . Xe'^co t)tlo) d Kal Trpcoriv enrov. (f}7]cri top KaT7]yopop Trpos a pbiKpw irpoaQev r?}? diraWaTTei pe aiTias avTos' op yap Trpoenrecv 'E(£eertoi9 tt)p vogov Ovarian ovhee&eijOijv e'0' fuds SeijdevTd. avTov Kplvofiai. tl afyayiwv a Kal p.avTiKr\<$ hia\eyop. TrpaTTcav. ev(p7]p.r) Ovaapepip rraprjv elhepai virep oiv . el yap virep Nepova Kal twp 7rd\iv.eaT7j do-77$ voaov. on to? avTOiv fiovXa? ol Oeol 6cnoi<. e^erd^ot elptiKev. i(j> tnreknrev dv pe Kal rov 6pb<prj /mr) tcaOaphv ovtcl.ff)' Kal eTepos. (paivovai. fj.i) avTrj eppo)Tat. tc Kal crocpols p.lap dyco- he (ppovTiScov vtto ov yj)r)o-Tov' t)v KaTaXeXvTat. olpai tl 326 . cpovtas dirTwpai Kal anr\dy\ywv ciQvtwv oI? epuol r\ Kal d/cciWiepijTGiv haip. hi yvcop.ev 7] vrrep p. Kal i) yap to adypa p. Kal ottttj eppwrat fM]. papTiKrjs Be ri iheopL-qp avTos re eTTeireLo-prjP dp.

but as one ill-calculated to carry through any difficult plan for his frame is undermined by a disease which fills his soul with bitterness. I could foretell to the Ephesians the impending pestilence without use of any sacrifice whatever. certainly he admires your vigour of body no less than he admires your judgment and in doing so I think he is not singular. made myself guilty of bloodshed. I shall repeat what I said to you the day before yesterday when you accused me about these matters. who understand better than anyone that the gods reveal their intentions to holy and wise men even without their possessing prophetic gifts. earlier. if we drop the fact that I have a horror of any such sacrifice. For I regard Nerva as a man worthy of the highest office and of all the consideration that belongs to a good name and fame. However. BOOK so VIII sequence should I have descended if. . I. and just examine the accuser in respect to the statements which he made a little For if. as he says. As to yourself. 327 . and incapacitates him even for his home affairs. what need had I of slaying victims in order to discover what lay within my cognizance without offering any sacrifice at all ? And what need had I of divination in order to find out things of which I myself was already assured as well as another? For if I am to be put upon my trial on account of Nerva and his companions. he himself acquits me of this charge. because men are by nature more . by meddling with the entrails of victims. as unacceptable to myself as they are ill-omened ? In that case the revelation of heaven would surely have abandoned me as impure. after talking chap much about divination and about the conditions xn under which it flourishes or does not flourish.LIFE OF APOLLONICS.

e be en. tmv elcodorcov ev a\X' wairep ra to fieipd/cia Trpos tovs irarkpa^ re Kal 8i8a(Tfcd\ov<. creioi'Tas ev oioa. eyw Tovpubv evedvpijOi].ev (bacriv. etbax. tows clvtwv. £>' Nepova. tl e/3ov\eTo p. el p. toi>? biKalovs ft)? pev Kal ad)(ppoi'a<i. yvd>p/>iv epp.ev (pdeyyerai €tt epov irav. dyairwvTa. TVpavvrj018' bia/3efi\rio~0aL ovk erre eiTe el tovtwv 7r\eov biapapTavovcrtv.oc to fjvWa/i- 128 . evXafiws p. diricrTcbv be aocpta. eir Kal ovre <ye\daavTci evrj0iadp.evov tl avrbv ep. 'AXXa etA:o9 rjv prjv tov ye inrep tovtwv KplvovTa KuKelva evOvpetcrOai. rj eavTOv pLOi oIklcis dp^oi. ft)? dpovs be dvbpas. o'iSe %vp(3ov\evcraL .ou oiba ovre (pl\oiq. epvupia p.i]be ?'/ ^vvdirel tciv epol yvwpr/v 7T/309 dWov. TreirovOe be tl Kal Trpbs ttco epe 'xptjarbv Nepoua?. ^vvrjijrev. <w<? KapboX 7rw>? TcnreivoTepo? tov p. i)<? %vpjSov\w yeyovoTe.rjtTai Nepovav. 7rw9 er o~o(f)b<. tov be "OptpiTOv Kal tov va>- 'Povcpov. iri0avd>Tepo^ dpxfl ?) e7Ti- Oeadai Nepovas.r]veveiv dvbpos. /i^S' virep inrep peydXwv 8ia\eyea0ai rj tov piKpwv TedapprjKora. be to enieiKes eiraivovvTa ovtco tl dyav einTrjbevei <pai- avTO.eTpiov -fjyrjcraiTO veaOai.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. ovv irtQavov dv el Tt? t/}<? dp%fl<i eiridv p. p. virep 0)v p.avTiicfi pev irio-Tevcov.

as I well know to be the case. he observes a reverence in every thing that he says in my presence. yet wholly disquality. myself by feelings of respect and I never saw him in my presence laughing or joking as he is accustomed to do among his friends but like young men towards their fathers and teachers. must confess that there are also other points (xi) I which the accuser who brings me to the bar on these accounts should have entertained and considered . I hardly know over which they make the greater mistake. . BOOK VIII prone to admire what they themselves laek the chap. he therefore so sedulously cultivates that that I sometimes to appear even to me humbler than beseems him. appreciate and set so high a value upon modesty. over them or over Nerva if however they are accused of being his accomplices. would discuss with me the greatest of all. : 329 . nay he even blushes a"nd because he knows . But Nerva is also animated towards vn strength to do. when he is only too fflad if he can govern his own household or that a man who has not the nerve to discuss with me minor issues. .LIFE OF APOLLONJUS. that Nerva was usurping the throne. then I ask. or would concert with me plans which. who Orphitus aud Kufus are just and sensible men though somewhat sluggish. he would not even concert with How again could I retain my reputation for others ? wisdom and interpreting a man's judgment. if he thought like myself. as . if they say that they are under suspicion of aspiring to become despots. if I believed over-much in divination. trusted wisdom ? As for Orphitus and Rufus. Who then can regard it as probable that Nerva is ambitious of Empire. which you would most readily believe. or that they had conspired with him.

/3acriXev. cricordrcov ep.oi. ovd^ vrrep Scopecov el /coXa/cevcov (3aaiXea<.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. (Bdveiv rots iirl vecorepa r)/covo~i' xp>]p. TrXovatous evdvpr)6el$ /cal TTev>]ra<i. -ra? p. rpid/covra erwv. trap avrcov evepyeaia? e'9 bv coovro ap^eiv j^povov. roaovrov yap rb e? ae eirl Ovpas j3acri\eiov$ ecpolrt]cra ttXtjv ev rou gov Trarpos.rj/co<>.ev yap ov (prjai Trap avrcov yeyevrjadau p.r) etrapOevra raura elpydadar dve{3aXop. Kara tovtovs pot e? ftaaiXeas /3e/3ccoTai. p. epol ttco? AvBia /cal rb Tla/crco\ov rrdv. evOvprfdrjTi. rrorepov eOvcov rcov rovrcov cpijaco.evo? ovre dveXevOepbv ri ypdcpeiv.eyaXcov hebfievos. ev co peydXa p^ev dv alrelv vTrrjp^e. rbv aXXov yap %pOVOV 'Ii^Oi? /cal <f)OirCOVTl.e ipceiv.. ovBe Scopois p.i]$evb<. ovre SieXe^dijv (3ao~iXevcriv i) vwep j3aai\ecov 8)jp.avrbv ypdcpco.ara p.e p. rcov 7rXourb yap BelaOat p. aeavrbv Si]7rov cov robs en rrpb o~ov dpyovras. T0VTC0V 8t] TCOV OKTO) p.oi<. dheXcpbv itf? rbv aeaurov /cal irarepa. pcei^ovcov cY d^iovaOat' 7rw? ovv ravra carat hrfXa teal . errel yu-'/Te f3aai\€v<. rjp^av.Trpvvdpj]v fj ypacpovrcov epol fiaaiXecov rj avrbs evBeiKvvp. ttco Alyvirro) irvy^avev cov copoXbyet re 6V ep.e yovv epotb epcavrov aTrrjve^Oijv. Nepcovd re. pudXiara rovs rb (pavepov.r}v cr/cetytopeOa he. ovr erncrroXal? eXap. ovv f] rd$ irapd rcov qvttco /3aaiXecov Scoped? dveftaXXopriv 33° .

and then it was your father's. when I might have demanded much and have obtained still more as my due. and of Nero under whom they held office for it was under these princes chiefly that I passed my life before the eyes of all. BOOK What ists ? VIII sense was there in my aiding these revolution. point whether I might not have advanced great claims. I should say among the very rich.-. Apoiionius' n j j retrospect your own reign and tne reigns oi your prede. 331 . For he does not say that I received any money v u from them. Nor have I ever uttered anything base or humiliating . Is it likely then that I who never would take presents from yourself whose either to peoples .chap. or in behalf of emperors to nor have I sought distinction through letters which princes might either write to myself or I myself ostentatiously address to them nor have I ever demeaned myself by flattery of princes in order If then after due consideration to win their largess. of these thirty-eight years. of rich and poor.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. for the fact that I want nothing is worth to me all the wealth of Lydia and of Pactolus.-I . I have never come near the courts of princes. Well. emperors. . though he was not at that time actually Emperor and he admitted that he came there on my account. the rest of my time being spent on my visit to India. my prince.f his life I mean of your own brother. but have deferred their recognition of them until the time came at which they expected to win the throne. and of cessors. . except that once in Egypt. for such is the period which has elapsed since then up to your own day. But how can you prove all this ? Call to mind. your father. you should ask me in which class I register myself. nor that I was tempted by presents But let us consider the to commit these crimes. .

iraiBbs 'Ap/caSo? ev rf) KarijyopLO.ev ovv elac Kairl tusv ttXovtov. fxrjBe fiao-iXeiwv p.Xo9. Ovpais ?} ivT€TV7ra>rac teal del rals tow Bwarow 7rXeico ol irpo&eaTij/cev avrals Ovpwpoi. evpyjaeis KaraXelirw aoi.de- e? TijJLaoOai ^poifxevo^.r)Be ras Trap r) vp.wv kXojxevos. eTrirei- yi^ei rbv eavrov ttXovtov.€v6<. erepois rbv Acyvirriov rovrovl jBoaKwv ^p)]fxaat koX oPvvcov eV ep. WGTTep Be ovBe (f)i\oo~6<f)(p KVVWV Ol Xl^VOl.rjv oiToaa ytyverai (piXoao(prp dvBpl KoXaKevovrt rou<i 6ev Suvorova. TerpirjaOat p. eirevbovv crTt]KVLai<i Tat? Ka. Spa^flTjV it ore. rrarepcov re dyaOwv o 332 .FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. kcu p. virep ovv avrr/ Kal drroXoyias rlvwv . dvBpl 7rpoep.ara. oh to fieftaiov yyoupirjv to apyeiv. el 8' bvap d)7]o-iv. rpaire^ojv 7]8r) SiaXiyerai koX u7To«a7r?.e yXwrrav d^iav €KreT/ubi}a0ac. BtfXol ra JLvfypdrov rovrcp yap evreutl Xeyw ^pi)p. 6prjvo<. ovira) olBa. Brj FjvcppaT^v p.ev avrov vtt ep.. jjBero d/epocori<f..ov vvKrcop.i] o~v yap. &v Tt? epp. reX<ov7]<. 6/3oXoaTaTr)<i. direXycpOr] Be xal T(ii)V tcaipbv vtto 6vpwpo)v TToXXaKlS.era/3oXd<. t/}? Be Xonrr}<. i)v rbv avOpooirov kokIw /coXa/cas eiraivf^. e9 ov dp^eiv avrovs wjjl^v ^povov 6 1 p.r)vevco. irriyal p. Ka7n]\o<>.ev p. iruvra yiyvofievos rd 7rcoXovp. elvai he. co fiacnXev.evd 8' re ttoj- Xovvra.

^/"h fellow worse than I depict him and I only ask you boy to listen to the rest of my apology. for I am This child is said to be of sure I do not know. for purposes of my advancement. or a huckster. and from what counts is it to defend me ? In the act of accusation. 333 . have gone cadging to mere pretenders. a regular dirge is chanted over an Arcadian boy. (xii) However I will leave Eupln-ates to yourself. For why do I speak of his having got mere money out of them ? Why. whom I am accused of having cut up by night.VH ferred the receipt of my recompense from them until such time as I thought would find them emperors . my prince. but he walls up all his wealth within his own house. a tax-gatherer. and you see him standing at them more regularly than any doorkeeper. who never once. perhaps in a dream. or that I should plan a change of dynasty. only supporting this Egyptian out of the money of others. BOOK VIII tin-one I regarded as perfectly secure.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. and have de. respectable parentage and to have possessed all the . he has perfect fountains of wealth. a low money-changer. you have only got to look at the case of Euphrates. The samfor unless you approve of flatterers you will find the ^. doorkeepers. just as greedy dogs would do but he never yet bestowed a farthing upon any philosopher. resorted to that which was already established ? And yet if you Greed of want to know how much a philosopher may obtain by E. indeed he often outstays the . should either chap. . and whetting against me a tongue which ought to have been cut out. What then is it to be. for ail these roles are his if there is anything to buy or sell and he clings like a limpet to the doors of the mighty. and already at the banks he discusses prices as a merchant might.1 P hrates flattery of the mighty.

ev . T19 . ouTo? KaX to elBos oloi Wp/cdBcov olev avxp. el yap to yevos tovtcov ttoXXwv p. wv el ye p.ov ev^aftevov. Xeyoip.oi p. Bovvai Be lepd p. 7rat9 KcCkoi. Tt'9 o° eOpetyaro avrbv iv 'Ap«:ao7a. re civ. 6 P-^XP L T °v Ta)V e deotv Be tov<. T19 ovv 6 Kair-rfKos tov dvcovvpua yap irdvTa. 'AAA' inrep . ^pr}/j. w ftacnXev. <paal yap deovs dfcovcrcu p.ev ovv dicpbaaiv.r) diroKTelvai daefiovvTa. V^ Kplvovatv. dvBpairoBov Oeoi. <p yap pbi'jr avT(p ovopua co p.ev evaifpua. ttjv p.n']ff o)v e(pv. ivdkvBe i)puv dvayQe'n] 6 'Ap«a9* dvBpa7roBa p. Kci/xe t<z9 pievov ^eipas e'9 to tov TracSbs al/xa fidifravTa Oeols v-nep aXr)6eia<. n<i o Wp/cas outo? pjy-jO yap dvoovvpLOS rd irareponv. TreirXevicevai Be Tiva Iv TieXoTrovv^crov. ov\i. irbXis. eu%e- aOac.a to?9 yeiva/ievois avrbv.dro)i> et/co? e'9 tov iralBa.i . ov ovtc- Xeyet ravra Kalroi Beivbs wv p-y dXr)6eveiv. epcordv. tovtov iv dvBpaTroBois XPV TaTTeiv .e.rj diroXoy^Tea. twos Be ot/aa9 OUT09.ev iiriT^Beiov rfj acpaTTOvarj icovr/crOai fiavriKTJ. ecpetjr/s Xbyos twv aTrrerai. ovv inrep uvBpaTrbBov tcplvei p.FLAVIUS PH1L0STRATUS cap. wpa <tol tlvcov Be {3a)p. /ecu wBe p.rj /cXr/pos eariv.u> tovtov (pacriv iKerevovrd re koX oXocpvpodireo-fyayQai. dvBpaTroBtoBijs to eZ£>09. irpidpuevo^ avTo eg Wp/cdBav . tl pXv 6vop. &>9 ov rcadapd. fit] tto7U9 p.wv a7ra^tt9 ivravOa edvero.

we surely must class accuses me. it was only a slave in whose behalf he suppose For by heaven. and vouchsafed to me victims of good omen. Need I say. instead . but what follows is a for they assert that direct assault upon the gods the gods heard my prayers under such circumstances. nor parentage. and that after thus of his child I prayed imhruing my hands in the blood of this So far they only the gods to reveal the truth to me. BOOK VIII midst of chap. entreaties and lamentations. attack myself in their charges. it is defiling But to confine my pleadings to the counts which affect myself. My accuser does not supply this information. good-looks which Arcadians wear even in the vu They pretend that I massacred him in spite squalor. In that case who was the slave-merchant who sold him ? Who was it that bought him from Arcadians ? For if this breed is specially suitable for the butchering kind of diviners. it is time for you to ask what was the name of those who begot him and of what family he was. nor city. O my of slaying me for my impiety. For though one can buy here on the spot slaves from Pontus or 335 . and what city in Arcadia had the honour of rearing him. and by no means slave-like in appearance. And some messenger must have sailed in order to fetch this straight to the Peloponnese Arcadian and conduct him to us. nor inheritance ? For slaves have no proper names of their own. in spite Let us then of his ingenuity in the art of lying.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. and from what altars he was dragged away in order to be sacrificed here. even to listen to such stuff? prince. he must surely have purchased the boy for much money. I would ask who is this Arcadian ? For since he was not of nameless parentage. among slaves one who had neither name of his own.

o<.. erepoi. laces diTo\e\byi)pai 'PyjropLKcbrepov 33<i Kal crvcb8ea ra rovfiov .eva>v ecp p. irdvra rbv y^povov erepcov ciKpowpevoi ovTroi to ernydipiov 6e 8ou\evetv alo-vpov r'/youvrar Qpvjjl yovv teal dTro8'i8oa9at tou? avrcbv kcli ' dvopaTroStadevTOiv fir) eTrurrpeepecrOai. Kk\rjve<s 8ovXov ekevOepias epacrral en. 8e atTTuXcov Kal fiov/eoXoov. aWa teat ra ev irocri rrpbs . n f . eari 8e /ecu 7700081]$ 7) 7ro\v\rji.ev eirl fiovai.evov . 66 ev ov8e dvr)p "FjWtjv pa dpoov dv8parro8io~ral<.a\\ov. eitrl aWa dypocKoraroL dvdpdtirwv re dXXa Kal rb yaarpi^eOat rebv 8pvebv. ApKa8la zeal vXwSijs ov rd p. rebv 8 1) hpvropLMv re 8elrat iroWcbv ire tovto TOid8e 7rai8u>v yvfivd^ovrai. 8el 81] avroLS ttoWwv i7nroi<i. 'iv erepov ri dvOpdnrov ir\eov rd \oyiKa rebv aTr\dy)(ycov cpaivcocrw. E\\i]vcov rrepl Ap/ed8es. es 8e ApKa8iav Kal p. ' yap tw irapa irdvra^ e\ev6epid^eiv E\8eovrai Kal \rivas o%\ov 8ovXcov. rwv iroWcbv pev yecopycbv.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. oxjirep rfj 7rpoaa7ro8t8oo-6aL rovs avrcbv 8ov\ov<. avepopftebv re teal iroip.pKa8ta<i elvai rbv <r(parrop.erecopa fiuvov. &v ye Kal dyekais evrvyelv ecrriv dpa epoi-rcbcrats 8evpo. Kal ov8e ire uTroZcoaerat. ' irdvra. Opvkovpevrj aocpia ^vvejBdWero rb i% W. ravrl yap rd eOvr) Kal birocra < /3ap{3dpa)v. ov8e yap crocpooraroi rebv ?jv rd rebv 'ApKaocov. ovre dvSpairoScov Kair^Xois e? avrovs iraptTrjTia. yap Hol'TIKcl i) Av8ca i) eK £>pvydx> Trpiair av icavravOd Ti?. el 8e \d>pa Kal Kal /£>/ dXX ec^ov.

and no man of Hellas will ever sell a slave out of his country for which reason kidnappers and slave-dealers never resort thither. and as yet see nothing disgraceful in servitude anyhow with the Phrygians it is a fashion even to sell their children.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. a craft to which they are trained from boyhood. which covers not only the highlands. BOOK VIII Lydia or Phrygia. . r goat-herds and swine-herds. they also require a great number of slaves themselves. — — . they never think any more about them. have described. what advantage could the wisdom the accuser babbles of derive by getting a child from Arcadia to murder and cut up ? For the Arcadians are not so much wiser than other Hellenes. II. Z . And even if the land of Arcadia were not such as I many . and shepherds and drivers either for the oxen or for the horses and there is much need in the land of wood-cutters. so that they could in addition afford like other nations to sell their own slaves abroad. UI droves of them being conducted hither. least of all to Arcadia for in addition to the fact that they are be} ond all other Hellenes jealous of liberty. It is possible that I have conducted my defence on more rhetorical lines than is my custom. Consequently they require a great many labourers. that their entrails should convey more information than those of other people. and once they are enslaved. On the contrary they are the most boorish of men. yet the Hellene? retain their love of liberty. For Arcadia contains a vast expanse of grass land and of timber. in thus 337 VOL. and resemble hogs in other ways and especially in this that they can stomach acorns. for indeed you can meet whole CHAP. since these like other barbarous races have always been subject to foreign masters. but all the plains as well. .

dX)C ovk dp Ovaai 338 . €Lp)]Kep Kartjyoposel ttjv yap ijpepav el p. eOvaa. ep lepols.e.(f)l &v ov So/cover lv d&i/celv to?? Oeois. eyepopijP ep dypco. T<X TO)P 'Ap/CliScdV d<pepp. 1v Ovcticop ey^oPTas. rore .FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS CAP. ov ftoop-iop avrb Uv6ayopa<. eh]. eOvop fitjre ^ rpoirop.r]peVCOP TrapioDV €9 TleXoTTovvrjaov 7]dt] KOI tw . Uvdayopav al Kara ravra dvovres dp%al e^olrrjaav. Trap' •n)? ao<pla<. p.0L vovv KaOapw aviwp Ovoipep. diroXoyia T19 ov Oiyydpco aiparos.. re yap o)8e eyiyvwcncev ol re air avrov 7rapa7r\i](rL(o<. dXXa yrjpuaiceiv re avTois ^vy^copovacv dpTLOts rd crcapbara /cat avoaois. vp firJT avTos el'coda Tt? dpdpcoTrcop 6vol.oi (pr/aiv. ical /car Aiyvirrov Be ol Yvpupol Kal 'IpScop ol aocpoi. Kal ao(pa>repot<. rfj Pcop.. el p. 1) yap epol Ovu>. he eOvcra.j] Kal crv. op e/ceivrjv.oi o-<pd<i virep Ka6apon> OvpLaTcop. rd Xi/3ai>o<popa tj}? yrjs ep dir eK\a06p. Kal ovk direiKO*. BelcrOat p.ep ip fj Tavra elpydadai o) p.r)$' alp a es fitopovs fir/ o~iBi]po<f)opovPTe<i palpopre^.i] end fiacrikev. p. p. fieXTtcrre ftaaielirot<i eire^a) places. ov$ 7rpocnj/cov(ra ovk el eOvaa. Kal ecpayop. rpOTTOV.i]8ev6<i 8eio~0ai. epuavrov Kal twp decop t?}? 0iK0vpLepi]<i eK(f)vrevetp. /xe AiraXXarriro) 6 t% atrias Kal Kaipos. Boko) yap virep Kal rovs deovs rbv avTOP ep.rj rvpavvevecQai. olpai. del So/ceiv. eyta B\ &)<? eoiKep. Xoyoi.epo<. ayaOwv p. toI<? dp. r Qapipd epcoras. eire^u)- pia^op Xecop.

sound in body his . were staying there z 2 . for was the rule of Pythagoras and likewise of his disciples. at you repeatedly ask at that time ? . not even if it be shed upon an altar. the day on which he says I committed this £j^ crime.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. and in Egypt also of the Naked sages. from whom these principles of wisdom were derived by Pythagoras and touch offerings this In adhering to this . they do not seem to the gods to be criminal for the latter suffer them to grow old. and to increase in wisdom be free from tyranny of others. to be wanting in nothing. and that if I sacrificed. but which no human being would employ. and of the sages of India. to world. if I And yet. I so far forgot myself and the gods as to sacrifice with rites which are not only unusual with myself. For I believe that the gods have the same mind as myself in the matter of sacrifice. This 1 think I never Condemnaline of defence ? my right saerifieed blood. was not staying Rome me And and 339 you too. then I ate of the victim. I allow that. And yet. it appears. I offered sacrifice. my prince. and that they therefore place those parts of the earth which grow frankincense in the purest region of the and free daily. VII What however is digressing into the Peloponnese. add that the very hour which my (xiii) Let me For on Apoiionius accuser alleges acquits me of this charge. O best of princes. in order that we may use their resources for purposes of sacrifice without drawing the knife in their temples or shedding blood upon altars. if I was in the country. BOOK VIII characterising the habits of the Arcadians and chap.way of sacrifice school. Nor do I think it is unlikely that the gods have need of good men in order to offer them pure sacrifices. I do not sacrifice it now. from disease. ds an that day. I never wood : it.

eirpaTTOv Kal o~v .ev co? aeavrbv ipwTas. a) avKO(f>dvTa. iTOiv &>? ip. BpaBetos ayei Kal €(p a e^eaTi. ip. TeTTapcov. Kal rj /xvpidBe^ dvOpcoTrcov. tu>v dvBpo(f)ovcov TrpaTTetv.oL. irdaa Be d/cpoaai<. el iyco fiev evBoKi/j. iv at? elvai. Te Kal cru)^)pova<. el £' ov e<? irdvTa Ta 6 dvdpdairoiv yeXa.ol <£>iXlo~ko<. Mi/A-teu? £vfi(f>i\oo-o(p>jo-a<. ov ciTTTecrdai ^vyywpel vewTepoiv Qavaiwai. Kal diroXeaai Kal Ttelaai Tou? pbi] ovk dhiKovvTas 'iv tov BaaiXea d\t]0}j \eycov. iv f] iv iroXet TrdvTes fxev 6(f)6aX/J. B (fnXoaocpov Trvvddvrj.y]v SirjTaTo. ivoaei tot6. puaico? volto Be ovtos.ov. earac to ivravda /cairoi to Tijv 'Vcofirjv i]/ceiv Kal TrapaiTeiTai Taya yap tj}? tov veooTepa irpaTTeiv BoKelv aiTia^' to %f/v.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. el Kara Tt]v 'Pco/j. Tt ovv.. el KaTa tt)v vvKTa ixeivifV i7reiBi) p. tovs TOi? ye /xr/ Xt'av & eu\a/3eo~Tepov<. dyojvas ipwTav eif r)K€L$. a? /3e\riov Te/cfii'jpiov e<? £ein]\aTeiv dBLK)]fi. ovtcov Te Kal ovk ovtcov.on]v. ijToi/xa^ov Kal KaTi)yopla>i dvBpas xpijaToix. tov kiipLOKpiTov Tcov i7T7]vovv yiXooTa. roiavTW Kal ra 6 avKO(f)dvrt)<i. Kal irap auT(p dircKaOevBov ovtco 34° .aT(ov virdyeiv ypacfrais. aAA' ov% ofioXoyijcrei.

than expose to acts these the mere fact of their having been in Rome is On the other to be held to be a proof of their guilt. is a serious handicap for to play at revolution. unless anyone he be O sycophant. which Democritus laughed at all human affairs. And the same is the case of thousands of as people. I was praising the laughter with . and which are who desires wholly intent upon his own death. inasmuch as you are come to ask questions. a philosopher. but he will not own on that account that he committed murder.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. if in strangers. and to persuade the Emperor by dint of hard lying. . in order that while I myself climbed to fame. But if you ask me as being myself. I might soil him with : pursuits. just because he was living in Rome. BOOK VIII yet you would not on that account admit you offered chap. the fact of my coming to Rome is in itself a for disproof of the charge of revolutionary plotting to live in a city. why then the answer would be I was trumping up actions and accusations this I was against decent and respectable people. on that night ? Suppose I were yourself and was being asked this question. whom you would do better to expel of accusation. was I really doing (xiv) What then. here is my answer Philiscus of Melos. On the contrary it prompts prudent and sensible people to walk slowly even when engaged in wholly permissible not.who was my fellow-pupil and in philosophy for four years. 34i . UI such a sacrifice and my false accuser was there likewise. was ill at the time : If again you ask me as the blood of my victims. where there are so many eyes to see and so many ears to hear things which are . and trying to ruin the innocent. hand.

p. "SeXev/cos re 6 SiStovios' S' Kv^lkov el /cal ^rpaTotcXris 6 tovtovs epcoTa.lv yap St) /cal tovtov MAPTTPElE. ov dXX' iv daTet.i)s diri)pav vetcpoi). ovk e^co . TTj<i kcl'itoi 7roX\a? av tvyyas virep vtj iiceivov "tyv%r)<.apTvpla twv dvSpcov.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. rpid/covra elirovTo. 'Vu>p.r)v fxoi. KaX dirodavelv inrb r)v£dp. 6epa7T6vo)v ovtov vvKTcop. el rives Op(f)eo)<. fxtjS' eicrlv rcov airoOavovrwv fieXtoBlai. el Be TeXealvw dincTTels. T?}? voaov. Tovt eo~Ti puev vovv eirpaTTe. Bi)Xol o-acpws yap 342 TrpoaaTeioi?. ko\ yap av St fioi el Bokco KaX inrb rrjv yr)v Tropev8r)vai pte avTov. AC. 1) oaov ev p-ev toivvv r) ty)<s ypa<pi) %vveTedi). icpiKra rjv raura' ovto) dvr)pTi)TO eptbv irdatv ot? (ptXoaocpw^ re Kal Kara tov aoi. fidpTvpes. e7retBr) rwv (piXoaocpovvtcov earl. KaXoi tovs iarpovs p. virep irapijyyeXTai Trap' vp. koX TeXecrivov aKOvaat tov vttotov. fia8r)Ta\ tow avroiv Bi')ttov fxapTvpe^' to yap TrpoKaXetadat Sevpo tovs to) I'aox. . e/cei'm? dyvof)<rai. e? to. 0X1)81) Xeyw koX avTOts virep tov<. elal e/c B outoi. d\r)8ela<.\tei. rjyjcrr) ry)<i <£>iXlo~K(p 7rpocn)fcovTa<> dva/3oXa<i Slid)?. oiroaa eyco. /cal ooiav tov lt€. Sta/ceifievfp ^<x\e7r&>9. d><. yeveadai virep /cat.dprvpa^. ~\h)Xtecov Si 7)81) koto. ftaaiXev. eiretBj) avTL/ca rr)<. iraprjv yap KOKelvos tco M?.

for if I were to summon hither the relatives of Philiscus.LIFE OF APOLLON1US. and they were the following Seleucus of Cyzicus and Stratocles of Sidon. for they have lately sailed from Rome to the Melian country in order to pay their Come forward. I BOOK VIII was sleeping out at his house." summoned (The witnesses give their evidence. to witness to the same fact. Nay I verily think I would have made a pilgrimage even to the nether world for his sake. because he is of the number of philosophers.) " With how little regard then for the truth this accusation has been drawn up. if they could have saved his life. I believe. so worthy of a philosopher and so much in accord with my own ideals. and nursed him by night like myself. many are the charms I would have prayed pr s^t at to obtain. for you have been expressly to give your testimony upon this point. I call upon the physicians to bear me witness. But if you do not believe Telesinus. : witnesses. conduct. 343 . but in the city. 1 . because he was chap. my prince. which you may learn for he too was at also from Telesinus the consul the bedside of the man of Melos. . you might probably think that I was trying to interpose delays in the case . if any there are. over thirty of their disciples. is clearly proved by that the testimony of these gentlemen for it appears it was not in the suburbs. Fain Phiiiscus would I have known of any melodies of Orpheus. Here are facts. Ask them whether I tell And what is more. if such things were feasible so deeply attached was I to him by all his suffering e. Avho are ready. O ye last sad respects to the dead. they had with them the truth. Ah. vn so terribly that he died of his disease. not . to bring back the dead to us.

XparpaKia Be ~i\avbv tfveyKe.TrdpTrj^. eaTai yap ttoI 7TOT6 kcu £>' pi] yeyovev. Bpo<. koX idvovTO 6 pev 'A-icapvav XecoviBa j3ao~i\ei 2. ^Kpio-TavAvKias.v6oi. ovBe airocr<pdTT(ov ev")(ppevo<i. ovBels irapavopiai el B" aKivBuvoi (po/3o<i KaTi]yopta<. irapiCTaTO tols dvBpdaiv. irapa virep "tyv^s inrep <pi\o- a~XX <&i\L(TK(p Se. 710)1. otl tcl pev d\oya twv ^cocov el/cos. KptOfj' to dirWavov eyevovTo Ovaia?. Meyfo-n'a? ef WxapvavLas. aXK GOfpLas. ipwvTi. aa(peaTepov 1) oofydiTepov rj £tvovk apropos rjv 7) Ovcria.. p.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. fiaatXewv avTrjs. p. tl eacpa-TTOV aXV. aU' eV ov& olicias. remote?. Tt ovv 6 Wpxas ivravOa. ouSe irapd Nepoi/a. eTreiBi) ev *Liyvo'ia tov davcnov 344 o~(pdTTeTCtL. etc * Be Av/uo? WXetjdvBpco tu> MaKeBovi. pev yap >ca\ nrpOTepov fcai a(payi(i)v p. ov& dvrl aov 'yeipoTovdiv vewrepor. olpai. tt}? av &>? 5) yeyovbs fiacrtXev. B' ye Trpo'io~Tapev(jL>v 01s ttoWol pev tjaav 1 olvo^ooi.oro (3acrt\€ia<.dvTei<. koX el tl ev dv6 pdiirov airXdyxyois pdiTepov rj arrre/ceiTO. tl Be to to. SiXavbs Be Ku.avT(p opoiov. TToWd Kal al)/pd\(0Ta.r] $o\ovaOai tl twv cnrXdy- . tl S' ol tmv ToiauTa ireideiv. dyad 01 ttjv Teyinpj oloi ovopdaat. a\V cr<pa- dvhpa crco^cov ep. Ta^ets . virep fiaGikeias. /capo! vvv KLvSvvevovTL virep tolovtwv.

not with Nerva. not thinking of matters of State.anTvictims For of course there have ability of the sacrifice ? been long ago soothsayers skilled in the art of slain victims. and Silanus to Cyrus the Pretender and supposing there had been found stored in the entrails of a human being some information truer or more profound or surer than usual. for example I can name Megistias of Acarnania. if you decide that it did take place. . BOOK VIII outside the wall. and the Lyeian to Alexander of Macedon. such a sacrifice was not difficult to effect inasmuch as there were kings to preside over it. besides plenty of prisoners of war as victims and moreover these monarchs could violate the law with impunity. not choosing a revolutionist to supplant yourself. but of philosophy. who am now in risk of my life because of such accusation. and Silanus who was a native of Ambracia. and of these the Acarnanian was sacrificer to Leonidas the king of Sparta. and they had no fear of being accused. Aristandrus of Lycia. but trying to save a man like myself. chap. and just because the animals lack all understanding of examining . are for that reason. but inside a house. And Human how. my prince. but praying for a man's life. but with PhiliscuSj not slaying another. But I believe.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. . in case they committed so small a murder. 345 . arc you to rate the improb. who had plenty of cup-bearers at their disposal. namely that the entrails of animals which we slay while they are ignorant of death. (xv) What then is the Arcadian doing in this case? What becomes of the absurd stories of victims slain ? What is the use of urging you to For what never took place will believe such lies ? be real. these persons had the same conviction which I also entertain.

ev dviarijai. yo\iiv iirl r\iza-L Keip.evrjv opyrj p.ev ov Kadapov aipbaTos. KapBia Xoyei. t% p. 7TW9 ei/cbs irapovTos eirl /cal iv 6cp0a\pioi<.r]Be inro tcov irapo^vvbvTcov ^eovcra.eva co ical tco 7n]\coSei eTTiTTo\d^ovTO<i. elvai TpiiroBa oi Beivol Tavra. tJKOTrei. rjirart. tw rco eavTi~}$ dsyyeCa cpopiirb<. /cal p. /jlcivtikov ti Belial ti . tcov tnfkdyxycov ' b\(o<. iv cpacri tov t% 6 avrwv p.iat. ftacriXev. re /cal Kara cpvcriv CTToyjd^opai co tovtcov. ovtos. kcl0' ovaa. Ti p. e'9 BC aipxi- Ttjpcov <p\e/3cov 8' inroyerevovaa ttclv to crcopa. yovros epveret avrb vp. j3acn\ev. \elois /cat Kadapov tov viroTpe- ov tov aTrXijVovTai irepl to fiirap. £vy/ceiTai yap. wSe* to iiirap.cpovia<i 346 . iicj) ical to ev to toI<. Ti. vtttico iin^elTai iire^ei %oX?) irdaa ra Xeld re koi pLavriKa tov airkdyyvou. virb Be tcov Beiparovvrcov gvvi^dvovcra ^vveirLarraTai chws. evOvrov Otl Be 6p0cb<.avTifd]<. irdv d/cpaupves. (pofioi Be virdyovcriv e\ puev By) ra tcoTka tov ijiraTos. ouv.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS \u X V(0V Be dec vtto Ti a^vveaias iv rfj cov ireiaovraf avOpwirov /cal "frvx?] eyovTa Oavdrov fii]7ra> 7]8ij icpeo-T>]/coTos Belpa. vTrovoarel yap totc ai'paTOS.

is on the one hand not composed of pure blood. it overflows the liver which underlies case the mass of bile occupies the it.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. my all . on the one hand. adepts at this art declare the tripod of their diviniation to reside. it is caused to effervesce by irritants. it into is on the other hand driven back by fear the cavities of the liver. because the blood in question by its nature drains away under the membrane which encloses the entrails and floats upon the muddy surface. in which divination consider the following points. I would ask you. in which on smooth and prophetic parts of the bowels the other hand. Of what use then. Accordingly if. free from disturbance. and draws together into itself the light which resides in the smooth parts for in such cases even that pure element in the blood recedes to which the liver owes its spleenlike look and distension. BOOK VIII what thev are about to suffer. even when it does not as yet impend is . or be a proper subject for ? likely that when death stares him in the face. for all unmixed blood is retained by the heart which through the bloodvessels sends it flowing as if through canals over the entire body the bile on the other hand lies over the liver. under the influence of fear and .why usesonant with nature. panic it subsides. chap. and whereas it is excited by anger. and ceases to be able to contain itself in its own receptacle. how therefore is it already present and should be able to give any intimation of the future through his entrails. . A human being however has constantly in his soul the apprehension of death. he sacrifice at all In proof that my conjecture is right and con. to purposes of The liver. my prince. 347 .

%WLi]p. Kairoi ovs trol ev 'Icovuz ^vpLCpepov elirov. Kal avTol %vi' oi diroOvijO kovtcs. eyco dpyovra. el a<T7]fia. eireih^ ev/)6i] ra dvata 6i')to3V. tl aurov rd (frpdFoipci. %vy%copw aoi epcordv e(pv)Tai ypa(j)i]v p:oi 7rpo9 ri)V rov Alyv7rriov rd<. ol fiev S' yap ev^rv^oL jjvv opyfj i) re\evTO)(Tiv. epyov.ev cptXoaocfrei p. eyco oe 'AA. JLvcppd(3ao~iXev. rd 343 . ovk d^iol tcov eavrrjs a7roppi]TG)v. dXeKT pvovas he Kal avs Kal ravpovs.o)v p. ^pi] pii]he o~v. a) eirel B\ olp. cf>^]al ol Xoyoi elaiv. Kal o fxev ere ijyeiTai 6 p.' virep 6>v ye hiafBefiXrjKev.aXXov rrepl ovkovv 6 Xeyeiv. evdev re^inj irapd toI? fiev ovk Kal ty2a dveTna-nqpuoai fiap/3dpoi<. i)p.h> |t</>09 SeairoTrjv. apvas Kal ov eiraLvel iroppco o-fydrreiv. crocficoTepov ae ciKpoarr^v eipel hoKel? Kal irpoae^eiv ra> Xoycp' o~a<pM$ /te. Kal 8e yu-?. aarj^ia 8' avra rj avd pwrreia (pvcns epyd^erat ^vvietcra rov Bavdrov. vir* o" avrov<. ra lepd ear at .ai.oei6rj ravra. ol dOvpborepoi Seei.?) Siku^ois. e7rei8rj [ioi ay fiaaiXev. yatrpai.i. irapo^vvtov rov Kari]yopov. %ipLaipa<.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. oTTOTepos p. dywvi^ejat rdX^Oij e/xov eyco & ovk 5' d^tco.A. eireihi] 8vp. rov SiaftoXas inrepopdaOai. eV epue o~oi oiococnv. Kal Xoyov. ovk is to ifxov elprjtrOai.

for indeed you seem to me to spirit. whereas he strains every nerve to tell lies about myself. and he says that they contain matter much to your disadvantage. because it has a sense of impending death and dying men themselves meet their end. and. and decide which of us is more of a philosopher. I disdain to do the like about him and whereas he looks upon you as a despot. while recommending the slaying of kids and lambs. . I merely supply you with argument. And yet Avhat I said concerned the topic of the discourse' in Iouia 349 . Well then. discourses which I delivered in Ionia. prince. my prince. BOOK VI11 is it to slay a human victim. And for this reason the art of divination. if with courage. altogether I would ask you. I realise.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. at my give your attention to my discourse and if I have not clearly enough explained any point in it. my prince. then also with anger. . going to furnish«no presage? And human nature does render such rites useless for purposes of divination. except in the case of the most ignorant savages. because these creatures have too much . I will allow you to ask me any questions about it. I regard you as a constitutional ruler and while he puts the sword into your hand for use against me. (xvi) I have then answered this Egyptian's act of Against rates accusation but since I do not think I ought Eup to pass by the slanders of Euphrates. if the sacrifice is citap. if with despondency. that my accuser chafes discourse. But he makes the basis of his accusation the The chnrge . then also with fear. . because I find so intelligent a listener in yourself. to be judge between us. because these animals are silly and not far removed from being insensible. does not consider cocks and pigs and bulls worthy vehicles of its mysteries.

dvacpvvTwv p. Kav /cal orw irkirpwrai yevea0ai Bpop. avTcov to d<bavovs i. enrov dv aTreiXij^ro p.ev TralBas. ovtos.vv tm Treirpoi- /cal el p. el ical {3ao~CXeiav tu> y\rri<pio-aivTO krepw pii] Br) vTrdpyovaav. &)«?.oipai<>. it.ev viro ical Ta ad ii're0u/xPjcr0ai ) otc 35° . tj/S' 7rrjpu>0eir] to dp. tcov kclv dva/3iolrj M.ov aiceXos. kX(o0ovo~lv.ev i)ydir<£>v KoXatcevriiajv. Mcnrep dv el fcal TotovBe eXeyov ovtos. &v ol p. 7rapdBeiyp. Vfl€T€pa. ol Be etcyovov? diroKTeiveiv oi>]0evTe<. Aaious 'Ao-Tvayij T€ tov M. ev Ti0ea0ai rd avTwv iv dp^f] Bo^avTas. iroTe 6 8' diroicTeiveie tovtov. MoipCOV T€ ICT^VV icpiXoaocfiOvv ical to ovrwq drpeiTTa eivai.. ftaaiXea>v eXeyov e? tovs 'Aicpto-iovs htjirov opwv koX tov<. vtt' ok dcpaipedeir] 6 avrov ro ap%eiv.e0a Bid rov<i rots 7ri0avot<: a7rei0ovvTa$.eva).apTr']o~€Tai vi/ajs. itCTreaetTai d\jret<i..FLA VI US PHILOSTRATUS cap. diroOavtov vrrep Bo^dvTcov rats icrayo- Ta<? yap VTrepftoXas twv Xoywv p. ovtos. ical otw evevaav hloipai to iv TO^eia icpaTOS. reKrovi/cu). otm oi)8' dpa<T0at. tov Xoyov twv ftao-iXewv ijreiBi) p. ovB' el diro^aXoi Ta$ tcl Be twv tov o~kottov. to. d<pype0rjo~av vir (BacnXeveiv. fj.iria el vlkos earTai.ev %£%$hiTa B' rjv virep Moipwv puot ical avdy/crjs. tcktovlktjv iv ^OXvp. ditOKOTrr) tco yelpe.ey terra twv a dv0p(O7T€L(OV Bo/CCl TO.a iytyveTo tt pay para.'tjBov ical iroXXovs 6Tepov<.

and even if that other slew the man of destiny. and I BOOK VIII only used as an citap. and yet were subsequently deprived by them of their thrones when they issued forth from obscurity in accordance with the decrees of fate. and to many other monarchs who thought that they were well-established in their kingdoms. I should have said that I had your own history in my mind. example of my argument the affairs of kings. even though off not : he lost his eyesight. neverdead man would come to life again fulfil the decree of the Fates. Fates and of Necessity. and it is just as if I had used such an example as this He who is destined to become a : carpenter. For we employ hyperbole in our arguments in order to convince those who will not believe in what is probable. that. will become one even if his hands have been cut off: and he who has been destined to carry the prize for running in the Olympic games. will fail to win even if he broke his leg and a man to whom the Fates have decreed that he shall be an eminent archer. to save himself from theless the in order to XH ever being deprived by him of his throne. Well. when you were 351 . and I dwelled upon the influence of the Fates. and to Astyages the Mede. because your rank is thought to be the highest of human ranks.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. and argued that the threads which they spin are so unchangeable. and of whom some slew their own children as they imagined and others their descendants. even if they decreed to someone a kingdom which at the moment belonged to another. And in drawing my examples from Royalty I had reference I believe to the Acrisii and to the house of Lai'us. will not miss the mark. it' I were inclined to flattery.

6va (jirjaiv ra uTrep *M. rep.' 1 Iliad xvi. 6 /lev dira)\ero avrals /3ov\a. p. av 6 . Bokci e/cpvOpioov re p. Kal p.01 i"]Be 7) yap pot rwv Kal ovk evcpOoyycov eivai. rov \6yov rovrov dveyovrai ovk ayQerai Be ovBe 6 Zei>9 cikovcov Kal ravra rcov rroiiproiv ev roi<i Avkiois Xoyois q)p. ev rov fteo? e£i- rats Moipai?.oipwv Kal avdy/CTjs. aXXa Ka'iTOi BieiXe^ai p. fieipaKLov Ikclvws el p. — Alas for myself. Xeyovroiv re av ev yfrv^oaraala. cTreiSi) M. eBoKei erepa.i]Bev jp/ov tmv acov evreOv- p.vea6co vevpd. ore poi iLapTnjBova ots l Kal Toiavr e<? avrov aBovrcov.€P Kal ol 7roXXol rcov decov. o S' ev KeiaeaQai ro eavrov ecpaatcev.G ipai<.oi iycov.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. BtreTuof evravda. ravrl yap elprjadat. w /3aaiXev. pot eirl ae. y/ipiv OL-yQri Tffl ' \6yo). KareTripLirparo Be 6 veto? rov Aio? irepl rds 6<ppv$ rov aareos.>) Biacpvyots avrov rjcrOa Kal ovirw — ovro? — dXV 8' kciitol Ofiws.i)a9ai pue. rov ^loipwv £' ov irapi]Ti]o~aro. for that Destiny decrees that Sarpedon dearest of men shall be overcome by Patroclus son of Menoetus. ore Mti>&> rov dBeXcbbv rov ~ap7rr}Bovos drvoOavovra -^pvaio fiev aKijirrpq) enp-^ae araadai (f)i]ai Kal BiKa^eiv era^ev iv rfj rov AiBcoveai? dyopa. av Be rciKeivov vvv eyei<$. 6ewv Kaprepovvroov avrov. eirel dppovla icoXaicevTiKfi a^dopuat.L$. 433 : 35 2 .

.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. although . : — ' Alas for myself. II. 11. . whose fortunes are for 353 VOL. since I abhor the concords of flattery. and appointed him judge in the court of Aidoneus. such as those in which he accuses the Fates of having deprived him of his son and in the weighing of souls again the poets tell you that. BOOK VIII blockaded in this city by Vitellius. yet he could not exempt him from the decree of the Fates. stripling and not the man you are now . so long as you did not escape him. my prince. let . . A A .' And there are other such strains referring to himself. However. why should you resent my argument when the gods put up with it. but was talking exclusively of questions of the Fates and of Necessity for it was in speaking of them that they accused me And yet such an arguof having assailed yourself. you. and request you to consider that on that occasion I had not your fortunes in my mind. this although you were at the time quite a and yet. while you are now in possession of his throne. because the Fates had decreed otherwise. ment as mine is tolerated by most of the gods and even Zeus himself is not angry when he hears from " the poet in "the story of Lycia this language of tune. he was undone with all his counsels. for it seems to me that they are everything that is out of time and out me cut the string out of my lyre. he presented Minos the brother of Sarpedon with a golden sceptre. when Sarpedon . and Vitellius declared that his own fortune was assured. and the temple of chap. And after her death °dyss. Jupiter was burnt on the brow of the hill overlooking the city.

FLAViUS PHILOSTRATCS cap.epov. TrpoaiJKet yap rats Moipcu9 erreaOac. eirl reXevTtj S' evpov rod Xoyov rd TeXevrala tov ovroi popaip. rd he evrevOev (frvopeva o ri eKao-roy dp/jvov d^iov. to tov 6\f3ov prjKOS' rdp. 7rXe/&) VIII cap.d ovtos Kal ra tovtov erepos Kal 6 helva rd rod heivo<. Trporepov to ov yap eirel p. e^oiv ovk Tavr evvo&v.. ovhe pj]v Oavelv irore. T Clhe (lev hi] tw dvhpl rd e/c r napao-Kevrj<. ^X €i ) ' irave 8' alpa. irdcnv. Kal (f)i\oao(j)ta pev b ri /3ovXei %/oco. ye dXijdiji. Kal fi7] diroKreLvovtu>v toi)<? 7T0ir)ra<i eV avru> .e KTeveeis. o!<? irerniyev del ra irpdypara. el%ev..S'i elpn. Kal 7T/309 ras p. dcpaipet. ^p6vo<i. p. yap ?. rd 8' aXXa auy^ei irdvff' 6 7rayKpart)<. a> fiaaCkev. (b fiaariXev. a> fiaaikeu. irave p.era/3o\d<i toju p. ttoXXm he irXeiwv e£ i]ireipwv (fioira $pi}vovvTcov.7) ir pay fidrcop airicTTeiv xa\e7rov<i elvai.6voi<i Xo(j>oK\el re p-rj ov yiyverai 6eoiai yrjpas. tnra6r)<i 0aXaTTT)<. evirpayiai nai i(j}rjp. ey/cv/cXioi yap al Kar di'6pio7rov<. haKpva he W9 vvv ye t)x^> pvpLa p-ev €K dvdpd>TTan> ovra ?} dpiOpelcrOai rats twv avKO(f>avrcov yXdirrais durJTTTai. hia/3aXXovTa)v aot re irdvTa^ Kal ere. dpiara hr) dv0pd>7rcov Xeyovri. 354 .ev cf>vyd<.

wipe away men's tears for at And in O prince. and who never slew poets on chap. to all. For the ever put the truth so well. all of them due directly to the slanderous tongues of informers. where each laments over his peculiar sorrows. ." VIII Such then was the oration which the sage had chap. and and each in having hath not. VHI prepared beforehand.' confounded by all-mastering time . my prince. Thence is bred an incalculable crop of evils. but all other things are nor ever death . and to believe in Sophocles when he ' says : — For the gods alone there comes no old age." : 355 A A 2 . namely Domitian S " For thou shalt not kill me. and have recourse to philosophy in your wishes and . lasts for a single day. and yourself. No man plans . . and put a stop to your decrees of exile. vn For it is our duty to follow the Fates that account? and obey them. Col. Oed. property belongs to another and his to another.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. prosperity of men runs in a circle. so for true philosophy feels no pangs. stay the shedding of blood. BOOK VIII ever fixed and assured. . and not take offence with the changes of fortune. my prince. who render all men objects of hatred to yourself. nay. his again to a third Think of this. at the end whereof I found the last words of the earlier speech. and they are redoubled from the continents. present doing echoes reach us from the sea of a thousand sighs. and the span of My happiness. since I tell thee I am Budden dlsappearance not mortal.

' iraptrrjrea elvai ol. p.ev(ov dXXa r) o vovs r)aav. ov/c eiradev 6 rvpavvov. avhpa vrrep 8iadi]/ciov.ev re ov pdSiov elrrelv rporrov.a cr<p68pa i]Xey%e rbv rvpavvov. rfj<i 8ifcr)<. K a\ ra rrpb rovrov en.r)&ev av Biacpvyoc avrov.. Ovrco rbv rvpavvov SiaOels icai iraiyviov tt}? eavrov cpiXoaocpias aTrocprfvas rbv 'EXXrjal re koI 356 .ai. £>' ^H/cpoctro pev r/v yap erepas rrpbs 8" en-' eiceivr) 8l/cr}<. orrep ol iroXXol alovTO' yap oiovro avrov a-^erXia icai virep rovrov /3ojjaea0aL hiw^iv rronqaeaOai rov avhpbs.ov o 8' ovBev rovrwv.6vov ra rtov Sixa^oicai p. 7ro\<9 dyu>VL^op. ore p..oviov eVel Be icai airrfkOe rod SiKacrrrjpiov ol p. X cap. IX cap. o>airep ayoovi^bpevos Trpos rrjv roiv ttoXXwv So^av rj £vviel<> Xolttov. el (pavelrj %vp/3aXoope6a rots i<pav tjvvrapa%del<. Krjpv^ecv re e? rip> avrov iraaav. avrbv ov p.r)8ap. 8aip. hi avrb pdXicrra ro rre-nelcrdai rrpos rcov icoXaicevbvrwv. /xdXXov r) /carayap S' virepecopa. ore firjBev eirl rbv dvSpa ol avrap/ces. &>? e^eirerrXyjicro re /cal rjirbpei. Siecpevyov bvbpxtra. e£>}<?.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. (ppovijaas. aXA. dvorjroi pep Kplo-eis oi)S' yap al epcortjcreis al c7 atro- virep orv Kplac^.ev7j olp. dcj> wv rovro.

. of his own. For he had with a will by some city against a private individual. and to send forth proclamations over his empire to arrest him wherever they should find him. BOOK VIII and led up together with the words which preceded °H£PBut the effect upon the despot of to this quotation. were not even relevant to the cause. and he had forgotten not only the names of the in the suit for parties. But he did defeat nothing of the kind. . his quitting the court in a manner so godlike and than that which the inexplicable was quite other many expected for they expected him to make a terrific uproar and institute a hunt for the man. an action brought. but also the matter at issue his questions were without meaning and his answers . all which argued the degree of astonishment and perplexity under which the despot laboured. as if he set himself to or because he now at last men's expectations realised that as against the sage he had no resources But whether he acted from contempt. I think. the more so because his flatterers had persuaded him that nothing could escape his memory. making him a plaything of his 357 . let us conjecture from what ensued.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. — Such was the condition to which Apollonius chap reduced the despot. in connexion Apollonius. IX to hear another case after that of chap. for he will be seen to have been confounded with astonishment rather than filled with contempt.

i(f)dv>] BeiXrjv S' iv AiKaiapyja. rov §' eavrw iirirrjBeiorarov erceXeve 7rpdrreiv. XevKov 6' ovrbs icrn XiOov ^vveywv irrjyijv vBaro<.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS car /3ap/3dpoi<. viroBiBovcrav.evov et/co? BiareOeXs ?iv v(p' o)v tjKovcre..ev dirrjXOe rov BiKaartjplov. XI cap. KaX irdXtv ri]<.ara direyiyvw- % ov% i^ovros. uireiirovres ovv eKaOrjvro e? rb vvp. iv (p o irlOo<.Br) ra t?}? rvpavvlBos ^aXeird rjv irdai. (Mpiyfievos KaX tw Arjpr/Tpia) £vyyeyova)t.eva ov irpovXeye. iiravf/yov rbvXoyov ra irpb t?}? Si/079. iirei. cboftepbv irdai. 'Ervyxave p.eva irlpwv Sid ri]V (fivcriv rov dvBpos. ri<i oW iirX virep/3dXXovo~av rov aroplov ovr . BiaXe^0evre<i §' virep cj)vaeu><. virep rcov irpb rrjs Biktjs. ri]s rov vBaros ov p. a rots fiefiovXev/xevois etirero. eX diravrXolrj. iicrrepaias virep rwv avTtov i]pd)Ta. iv fj ra irepl ri)v Y^aXv^ru> p. 358 .ev yap to? irpoararrop.ev Br) 6 A«'/«? tt}<? irporepaia<. ra B' vir avrov ctkov p. 6 S' evXa/3ecrrepov rj rov virep 'AiroXXcoi'Lov aKpocop.vdevp.<j)aiov. ^vvaXvcov avrip irapa rr/v ddXarrav. Arjp^rpia) re KaX AdpiSi. Bid rr)v 69 rw dvBpX ddvpdav.dXa icrirovBaKOKOs. KaX rovr ap' tjv to irapaKeXevcraadai avrov ra> Adpihi fir] irepipeivavri rr)v diroXoyiav ire^evaai e? AiKCLiapyLav rd fiev yap /3e/3ovXevp. irpb peaijpfipias irepX p.

359 .LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. . which figures in the fables told about Calypso. which contains a spring of water which neither overflows its edges. nor recedes. Dicaearchia without waiting to hear his defence. nanffaand Demetrius in tliG cuvc of the x y m Phs Discouraged. even if water be drawn from it. as he wandered with him along the edge of the sea. . brought back their conversation to the circumstances which preceded the trial instructions. who had been ~ And this accounts for his having j»»acuDicaearchia. where there is the cistern of white marble. and appeared to Demetrius and Damis at translated . because the tyrant's hand was hard upon all yet out of respect for Apollonius' character they obeyed his . chap. louslyto instructed Damis to go by land to Dicaearchia. They were talking about the quality of the water in no very serious manner and presently. for they wer. and before midday he left the court. when he listened to it.e almost in despair of their master coming to them. then. owing to the anxiety they felt about the sage. BOOK philosophy barbarians at VIII dusk the terror of Hellenes and CHAP. XI Now Damis had arrived the day before and had talked with Demetrius about the preliminaries of the trial and the account filled the latter. For he had given no previous notice of his intentions. about the same particulars. but had merely told the man who was mostly in his intimacy to do what best accorded with his plans. with more apprehension than you might expect of a listener when Apollonius was in The next day also he asked him afresh question. they sat down in the chamber of the nymphs.

" elire. " ecprj.elvaipLL c'nrropievov." ^ ecpi] 6 Ai]fi7JTpio<. ov/ceO Be v7rop. " dvBpes. rbv " /caXov re /cal dyaObv eralpov. dp O^Ofiedd 7TOT6. ov yap eir t)p. e^eKpe/xavro rov dvBpbs kcu rjaird^ovro. ola (paivovaiv ol ydbvioi Qeol rols el d0vp. " " roa/jvBe oBbv iv crputcpa) /cal rf/<.r) dBi/covvra.ev. ervyyavev. A«/u<? tT dTroXeXoyr/aOai i/ceivrjs re r?]s puev. teal vtKcbp. " 7rXi)v 360 . (b 6 B' 'AttoXXoovios. irporjei k<f>r) yap i'jBi) e? p.7]Tpios ovB diroXeXoyPjadai avrov.oi rd rrj^ diroXoylas rijp. d/covaas o 'AiroXXcovios.epas." "el Be reOvewra. eoBwXov elpbl aoi e/c ^e^cre- ovtt(o TreTTavfieda errl (paTTTjs rJKOi>. inrep re t»)? diroXoyla^ rjpwroov 6 fiev yap At]p.aX\ov Be ecopd/care. /cat re /cal " TOiOVTOV eiTTOVTOS. p. porelva^ " ovv o ArroXXdiVio^ riiv yelpa. atop-a.. r)p:€pa<i iivvo-as ./3'piav" 7rco9 ovv.orepoi<i ra TrevOrj. " kciv puev BicKpvyco ere. yu. 6 'AttoAA&wo?. ical ' yap " Br) ical icpearoos yBrj ra> vvpxpatw " otyeade.epa<i wero. 0) deo'i.at" yeyove Be p.eo~7)p. Xaftov piov. diroXeaOai yap av teal p.iv %f}v re ' ical pur) diro/SefSX^Kevai rjaav.e rreWe rb ical Adp. oloc diriarelv aXX* dvaardvre<. " %wvra .FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS XII * XII AvoXocpvpafievov Be rov Ad/xiBof." 6 Arjpa'irpio^. ' it aol /cXdovres. Qdrrov 8' fcrco?. " d7ToXeXoy7]p." ecprj.epov ov irpb iroXXov ri)^ i)p.

for he never dreamed that he had made it only that " I have made But Apollonius said day." disbelieve. shall see him." " " Alive ? " said Demetrius." Where. for it lasted on even to midday. nay. we They mis° Uo never ceased to lament you. O ye gods. resist your touch. and if I evade you. had made some such exclamation as the following " Shall we ever behold. defence. gentlemen. and have gained my cause and abandoned my body. but rose — — : . who had heard good companion ? him. he had not even made his defence. ye have already seen him." " How then. long a you accomplished so " And journey in so small a fraction of the day ? my 361 . my defence. our noble and " when Apollonius. For if you are dead. then I am indeed a ghost come to you from the realm of Persephone. defence took place this very day not so long ago. for he expected him to be destroyed without any wrong being proved Damis thought that he had made his against him. XII BOOK VIII Damis' grief had just broken out afresh. : — — : ' : such as the gods of the under-world reveal to those But if I are dejected with much mourning. and he chap.J^g atP have anyhow first for upon Apollonius stretched out his hand and said "Take hold of me. and asked him about his For while Demetrius was of opinion that defence." said " have Demetrius.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. but perhaps more quickly than was expected. for as a matter of fact he was already present " Ye answered in the chamber of the nymphs. then you shall persuade Damis also that I am both alive and that I have not who They were no longer able to up and threw themselves on his neck and kissed him.

ev dirdXap. kcu yap Kal pelv avro 7rapa7r\i]aiw<. tmv aow Trpoopav diro- epycov Kal Xoycov Oebv dec riva ' i)yovp. Kal 7TT6pO)V KTjpOV rfj %VyK6ip.eVtt)V Travra " ol'ov. irap" ov ra aa ovtws ^X €i T V V & drra r) \oylav. vrrepKa0ev- Bovra. Kal yap Kal virepeypqyope p.a. tw ov% birep 01 iroWol 7ra0elv. St*:?. epuo'i re irapeKe- \evaaro " ov virep crov 0appelv. .FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS CAP. ?}0o<i. Xeye o/xov irdvra." 0avpbd^o) Te\eo~lvop. p<eo~ovo-T)<.ov irdXai.All " KplOU.L./36\ois ecnreio'ev. ra ad. ?/oiou? o 01 Trep. ?. €(f>1]. to rov Bi/(d%ovro<.yjrai Kau ooov \oyoi irapaovv fiaBi^ovras. ov ptriv evrav0a." rj uopuivfi ravrrt^ Uavra^ou re S' 6 " At]fii)TpLO<. " elirev. zeal 6 ri ijpero Kal orw $jvy/care0ero brop pit]. BelXr) re yap Kal plaBi^etv orpa e? acrrv. vBari. robs p." Br) Kal 6 'AttoWcovlos. tcofiep Bia\a\ovvres 362 .? ra 8' virep rfjs rrevaea0e iKava>$ >']&>] p. Kal Kariiyopia ei^e. "va Kal ov yap dvijaei epwrwv t'<x&>9 TeXeaivco maara ev <f)pd£oipLt. robs Br] <p0dveiv vtto- (pevyovras.Be twv dvOpcoTTWv. 09 ye kcu epbol ^vpuirlvcov irpb irevreKaiBeKa y rjpLepwv eirl Avdl<p. 6eov ernypdcpcov fiev. avrw t>/9 kvXikos eBo^ev bvap irvp ev ftdveiv rfj yfj ireXaylaav. o~e S' tovt(o 0eol<i ev^vp. dWa eirl Be rQ> evvirvifp Biavevcrai avrov a^ta0evros. teal i] t/9 yeyove..ev. KariBap0e pLev £' ri)s rparretyi^.

and what he allowed to pass of your pleas and what not. I assure you. of icltisinua — me for about fifteen days back about your affairs he was drinking with me in Antium." said Demetrius." "Well." And " I am not surprised at Telesinus Apollonius said about me. and what questions he put. about the preservation. and he bade me be of good cheer on your account. : long ago occupied his mind about me . and it enveloped some men. . for in his vigils. so long as you ascribe it to the intervention of a divine escort. nevertheless pray tell us defence you made. tell us all at once in order that I may tell everything in turn to Telesinus. 363 . but you alone suffered the fate of the rest. and caught up others as they fled for it flowed along. flying chap. for he will never leave off asking • T h e dream . he not said. Apollonius replied goat or wings of wax excepted.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. : BOOK VIII " Imagine what you will. exactly like water. he dreaming . but as regards the trial. what it consisted of and what the accusation had to say against you. who inspire such happy presages he poured out gods a libation in consequence of this dream. you shall learn everything. and about the temper of the judge. but not in this in the evening. . "I have always 11 thought * ° 1 j that your actions and words were providentially cared to whom you owe your present for by some god. and just as the middle cup of the good genius was being passed round he dreamed a dream and he saw a fire spreading like a sea over the land. place for it is already growing late and it is time for us to proceed to the town and it is pleasant too to talk as you go along the road. . but swam clean through it as it And in honour of the divided to let you through. . when he fell in honour asleep at table. for conversation assists you on your way like an escort.

i]TpLov ' p7)yvvvTai aKpoaTt]? yiyvopevos.e KTeveei?" Kal co? to direXOelv t?.? Kpiaew." e<pi]. dwrjXOe." elirev. 8' virb to)v toiovtcov at rvpavvoi (f)vaei<. rjfcpoap.. XIII CAP. el p.ev ovtcds. ^vXXtjyfreTai yap 7racr?7? ci7roaTpo(f))]<i ere KarayyeXXopievov Kai eppcbaOai t&> elpyopevov. hielpwv airo Trpopp-qaew^ tov yvp. t?)<? ovirw tare. ArjpuijTpie." " Beet. " d)8e evdXwroi yre' dXX' 6ira><$ p*ev raKelvov avT(p vvv £X €L > ^y^° °^ a /coXaK€v6vT(ov yap del Xoycov Ai]p. Kal irepl ravTa ^oXaxTiv. Kal iraai to Be Kal tovs eavrov " ov yap p. rovrov.r)Tpiov.evov At] prfr pi os. av puev TrapaTV)((iiv.a Ala. (f)pd£(ov. 3 64 . av 8' olpac. vvv eTrnrXrjTTovTwv rjKpoarai. eyoi.r) Kpiaew. p.ai Ai7p. " eya> 8' uev warjv d(p2^6al aol dpxh klvBvvwv c>' ravTa. el yap Kal vp. XIII Tore avafioiiaas aeaooap.eis. aXXd Kal a S' irdXiv. " BieKelp^v p. ere.(p(i) iaT€. ap." Kal 6 Adfiis. Xe^co Se ra rrffiepov hrjirov ev rrj<i tw ra yap rrpo SiKaarr/pla) TrpayBevra.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap- vtrep oyv epcordre. epol be dvairavXrj^ Set ybvv ov7rco KapLip-avTi €K rod adXov. €KXeXi]crp. Kal hieipii. ovx aira^.evo<i.vb*i ecreXOeiv" eirl Styei Xoyov<.

had come hither because you were saved but this is XITI : . and cut off all prehenmeans of escape." And Damis said: "Demetrius. for I have not bent the knee since . into which I was ushered naked. seize your person. and above all at the end of them the citation "For thou shalt not kill me. n stl1 ' 3 I had this struggle. XIII Whereupon Demetrius cried out " I thought you chap. proscribe you. told Deme. the one of you because he was present. beginning with my being summoned Emperor's presence. but again and again. for he will ^fe "p." and he told them exactly how he vanished from the seat not know as the into : of judgment." And he proceeded to detail to them his own words. . Xl1 go along. my Demetrius. But 1 know exactly in what condition of mind the tyrant is at this moment hitherto he has never heard anything except the utterances of flatterers. only the beginning of your dangers.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS." Apollonius.Demetrius trius not to be afraid and encouraged him by saying "I only wish that you were both no more easy for him to catch than I am. circumstances which preceded the trial. by Zeus. BOOK VIII Let us then start and discuss your questions as we chap. however. and now he has had to listen such language breaks to the language of rebuke But I despotic natures down and enrages them. require some rest. and the other because I am sure. But I will relate to you what you do yet. 365 my own attitude towards our friend's affairs was such . he has not heard it once only. . and I will certainly tell you of to-day's For you both of you know the events in the court. if I know you well.

.9 Tyoey-oiTO.evo<. &>? Kal tyj<./x»/T/3to9. opQpov epop-ivov \ Tlepl 8e ~ . t€ Kal ^aXeirov^ 101. eVel S' irvy^ave ifyalvero.evo i tw 7rapa/c€\evo~dp. &>9 fii] e'9 kivSvvov. * t< k /* 366 . e/cdOevSev. e7T€i8r) to. " 8eop. Kivhvvevwv.ara. eppi-tyev Ttjv Kkiin-jv €7to<. daiToc avTa> e<paivovTO. S' dWa 6 ev Xo~(p Ti6ep. Kal 6 'A7ro\\amo9. &>9 e/xol rd ecvai avTov Kal /cpeiaaco el r?}? 'qp-eZair^ aocpiav o6ev.ai fxovov. ttol t/. a>K€i kclv dirfj.9 7>. e<£' ^9 i]K€t. rjv Ar.evo<i re tov Adp. 0&9 cogto hiriKeladuL „ '1 avTov tov A^p. XIV to. Kai KTVireLauai ookowtos S)Ta vtto evvuLas 'nnrecov. e'9 eavTov. Kal ^d\eTro)T6poi<i vtto tovtcov ovSev dv hevo~aip.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. Kal t<w TroSe d7roviyfrdp. dX)C ifK^aiov kairepa. " 7rpo? t<x rovSe tov av&pos 7rpdy/j.ijpov Tiaai T0t9 7rapovaiv. £we{3ov\eves Be irov Kal crv Tavra. eVetS?. kclv irapr) tl TavTa ev£dp. &>9 ovtc eV allots eppov- XIV cap. p. i/covcriov*.ev e'9 Ti]V Kcnaywyijv eTup-ekecav iroirjaofievoi tov avhpoq" " vttvov" ecpi].ai avTwv.L tovtw Kal ivTv^oipn.vijo-a<i to vnrvcp to 'Op. airopa S' ?)yovavrov.iv tocs upupi Senrveiv. Kal ecpvp. deaireaLov t€ fxev StSe/xevos. 'A77-0Xi \o)ic teal €Ti 'HXt'w iraprfkOev e$ Trjv oliciav.ijTplov.eTa \oyw. Kal to cr/ceXo? eXevdepcoaa^ tov Bea/xov e&ei£e' tot€ TrpoiTov KaTevotjaa tov dvSpos. efi kavTW e(prj to \e\vcr0ai fievfp irepl elvai. /3a8l^a>p. 68ov TavTr)<$ dirdyeiv avrov.

and I was perplexed and in despair of his case. he told me that it rested with himself to release himself and he freed his leg from the fetters and showed it tome." " Sleep is all I want. even if I were called upon to expose myself to still greater risks than these. Well. to sleep. namely that he should not rush of but his own accord into dangers and difficulties when he was thrown into fetters. having offered a prayer to Apollo and also to the Sun. as I saw with my own eyes. he threw himself upon the bed. he took his repose. I should not fear anything. . and everyApollonius said thing else is a matter of indifference to me.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. as long as I was under his protection. let us go into the And inn to minister to and take care of him. whether I get it or whether I do not. for he saw that they were fasting. and having washed his feet. as if his circumstances gave him no just cause whatever for anxiety. that BOOK VIII I tried to dissuade him from taking the journey chap. : 233 XIV About dawn Demetrius asked him where on chap." And after that. and I believe you too gave him the same advice. for there resounded clatter of imaginary horsemen in his ears the who he thought were already in hot pursuit of xn 3°7 . earth he would turn his steps. transcending all our poor wisdom and knowledge. and having intoned some verses of Homer as a hymn Iliad 14. he passed into the house in which Demetrius lived. But since the evening is at hand. it was then for the first time that I understood our master to be a divine being. l which he has taken. and instructed Damis and his friend to take their supper. Consequently.

ye.. fieXriovs ev tu> (pavepw a7ro0vi]o-KovTe<. ' oico^erai pev.ai>- Odveiv. p. real 7r\e(op. perd ravr iirl Svpaicov- awv 368 KopicrdevTeq dvi)yovTO e? Tle\o7rovvrjaov irepl he tov 7re\dyov<i p.ev e? veto? ravTTjs." elire. " koX yap " " eiriftiopev" elire.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. vecos dcpcelarjq e? 'ZiiceXiav errl daXaTrrj icaraalo~0dvopai. 7nS<? ai> eV " ov Seo/xat. yjZt] bpyrjv tov Tvpdvvov. 1) A. ovoe avTos. roiv ev tw " " d(f>avet ^covtoov" irpos tov AapLiv. " acpaepbol 8e e? t^v 'EAAaSa 6 7r\oD? ecnai' " to 70/3 ywp'iov (pavepcoTaTOV \epo<. " " alaffdvrj" e^rj. (pavep(p \d0ois el " d(f>avel Btacpvyoiq." XV CAP - Kal irpoaeiirovTes tov Arjpi^Tpiov dOvpcos eir avTolq e%ovTa.eT07rcopov dp%d<. eyevovro ev TavpopLeviw rpiraloi. dyKvpoiv TrpaTTovcriv" vvv p. yap. crreWerai re i] vavs i]Brp £vp/3d\\opai B avrb tj) tu>v . virepapavTCs .^S' eta* ei/ tm . tou Tvpdvvov ko. 01 go? cru ot'et." £vv8o/<ei fioi. rrj<.oe erepos. eprrXeovTcov fiof] ical 019 irepl ttjv dvaipecriv tcov eKeWev " e\ Ue\o7r6vvr)o-ov. err\evcrav e7riTi]8eL(p. t>]v tw AttoWwvlo) 8ia e<pr]. . oi.ev koX 6 KtjpvTTOOV dy%ov Qvpwv.1 yy irdaa. ^lecro-yjvrjv re 7rapa7r\evcravTe<." " e<jb»7." elire." kept]. irXevcrovpevoi " £>' XifceXiav. dappelv re rrapaiveaavTeq a>? dvBpa eirl Si/ce\la<i dvepa> virep dvhpdv.ev. \vop. <w Adpi.e bv Be t<S //.

the entire earth belongs to the tyrant. and a ship is just being got ready to start. as I gather from the shouts of the crew. but they bade him hope for the best. and put out for the Peloponnese about the beginning of the autumn VOL. . as one brave man should for others as brave J." said the other." " That is : anyhow dangerous the other. X1V " Neither he nor anyone Apollonius merely replied else is going to pursue me. BOOK VIII Apollonius on account of the rage of the tyrant." And turning to Damis he said " Do you know of a voyage. and the crier is at our doors. : "I do." said . it is better to die out in the open than to live in the dark and in hiding. and from the exertions they are making over " Let us embark." Apollonius. "for the region is most and how are you going to be exposed and open hid out in the open from one whom you cannot " I do not need to lie hid. but chap." he replied." escape in the dark?" " for said Apollonius if." said weighing the anchor. B B . ship. and having passed Messina they reached Tauromenium on the third day. "upon this now sail to Sicily. 369 II. "so let XV They then said farewell to Demetrius. and then they sailed for Sicily with a ympia favourable wind. as you imagine. ship that is starting for Sicily?" " for we are staying on the edge of the sea. After that 1 they arrived at Syracuse. ^ ^j. O Damis. xv despondent about them. ." us sail.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. who was chap. but as for myself I shall a take sail for Hellas. for we will and thence on to the Pelopon- nese. sail for as himself." "I am agreeable.

TrXeiuvoiv 37° . a<f>licovTO Bt rj/xepw. tuft u>v 6 Trorajibs ovto<. Kopivdoi Be dirb tcov tov laOpiov Be. 'H\f9 yuey /cat STrdprt] avTo6ei>. dXX ovk iXeiTroi'TO tcov iroXecov. at cttI 6vpaif eial tt/s rjicr?. 'ABpia Sixe- Xikw ireXdyei iiri^eiTai rrj<i vea>s. tc Kai dvaKTTjcropLevoi eVetS?. KaTap%d<. ol rfj t) e£ a7r«cr?/9 Trjs yrfi Kal pu^v Kal hleyapoOev Tive? ^OXvpjnq totc> kuk Bokotcjv ttoXXol. eKTrp. el opt'eov/ AOipjaloi Kal IleXo7rovv>']<70v e^co. avTol . e-ireywpiaaav evBoKipbOv. KXeiBas crTpwv. p. ^covra KaraTTwy evrcov €9 ra<. i'/Brj QeTTaXwv tl tw 'AttoXXcovlco. irorifio^. t7r«6/.9. Kupyodev.7rt'So9 eppomdai 6 A.. eirevBr] BeBeadai ainbv yfcovaav. ovo eir 1} KJXvp'maca 01/Bepiav peTetopo? ovrco £vv>jei eicelvov E\A<i<?. OvSdflOV SkiWovi'tcl tnro(poiTO)VT€<.dXio~Ta 61 eiriKvBeaTaTOL oT€L)£OVTe<. (ptjprj'i §' aOpoa^ virep re Kal ^vvtovov /c«rtt<r^oi/cr?/9 to 'EXXtjvikov %V V tov dvBpa Kal dcpi^dai e? 'OXvp^Trtav. p-ev eSorcei pi) eA. Kal ' A0r]vaLcov e'9 to lepbv veoTi]<i Adr'/va^e (poiTwaa. BlTJTOJVTO €V Tft) UpCp TOV Ai09. ovBe e/c€U'cov S' avr/Kooi eX-%9?p>ai dy/cl- i)oav ciTToOavelv KaTatpXe-^OevTa. 7rpo<? yap tw pur) Ti uvOpwrreLas eV avrw 01 eyeiv. QcoKecov T€ Kal pev £vyyeyovi)Tes o~o<piav. 01 S' avrov o" iwcrOai e? fidpadpov. 01 e\ fivdov be i)k€LV eTTiarevuii.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS CAP. 0)9 eV Tore.a9. iirl t<Z9 tov 'AX(f>eiov /ecu e/r/3oA.0709. dirojBdvTe^ ovv Kal ttoXXov d^iov rjjov/xevoi to e? 'OXv/a- TTLCLV >]K€IV.

or into a well. and all the leading people of Phocis and Thessaly. A rumour as sudden as insistent now ran through the Hellenic world that the sage was alive. xv Whither 8 flocksTu seehiru hurried to the temple. where that river pours its waters. BOOK VIII ciiap. for it was especially the most celebrated of the Athenians that . for they were convinced that there 37* B B 2 . Some of them had already made Apollonius' acquaintance. anxious to pick up his wisdom afresh. and never did any such crowd flock to any Olympic festival as then. still sweet. At first the rumour seemed unreliable for besides that they were humanly speaking unable to entertain any hope for him inasmuch as they heard that he was cast into prison. and from Argos. although the)' are outside the Peloponnese nor were they behind the cities which are at the gates of Pisa. or dragged about alive with grapnels fixed in his But neck. all full of enthusiasm and expectation. as well as many from Boeotia. . and Sicilian Sea.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. they all flocked to see him from the whole of Greece. People came straight from Elis and Sparta. though without ever going further away than Scillous. thinking it well worth their while to go to Olympia. when the rumour of his arrival was confirmed. or cast into a deep pit. and having traversed the gulf they arrived after six days at the mouth of the Alpheus. they went and stayed there in the temple of Zeus. . together with the young men who flocked to Athens from all over the earth. and from Corinth away at the limits of the Isthmus and the Athenians too. Moreover there were people from Megara just then staying in Olympia. into the Adriatic and Here then they disembarked. they had also heard such rumours as that he had been burnt alive. and had arrived at Olympia.

avrov Beivbv (paiveaOat. o'l pev Bi] tovs epcoTOovTas. EUa? ov Troppo) tov BieKecTO pev rj TrpocKwelv clvtov. rponrui 6av/xaaicoT€pa>v dtcpodcraaOai wovto. Be ecf)e%r]<i." ecpi]. el dvBpa<i eKeivovs Tipdv eV dyopd? vopi^ovTes 37 2 . ovk d/co\ov0a toZ? e(p AppoBlcp -^riicfiLZopevcDV Kal Toi><. ol 8" direipoi i]yovp. tea/ccos elBoTa irepl Trj twv 6ewv. 'ApcaToyeLTOVi 'Adijvaiwv. Be tov veavla kov tt\ dyOrjBbvt Kal BiKaia TreTravcro" elirev. XVI cap.^' e'<? r)yovp.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. "'QXvpTriacriv virep tovtcov Kal BtafidWoov tjjv Oebv tw iraTpi. eTuBiKpOTiov B6vto<. Oelov /x?. Aei>? rrjv eTTcowpLOv 'Adr/vaiois rjp^ev. '6tu> tov Tvpavvov.d\io~Ta to inrep avTwv KaOiaTaadai. ovBev coero Beiv e/ojpvTTOv rd ev tw Bi Bitcao~T)ip[a>. €7reiBr) ' teal 6 (3aai- " ei'#e. &>? Tvpdvvois auTOu? evvovs rjyoiTO.evoi TocovBe dvBpos dvijicooi irpbs Bia<pvyoi (popTtKov <f>pd£eiv. a\V aTroXeXoyrjcrdaL re ecfraaKe tcai aeawaOac 7roW6i)v S' i£ 'IraX/a? i)kovt(ov. Neavco-Kov ' Be tcov tj/covtoov 'AOtjvijOev p-d\a evvovv " Ti]v Adrjvdv elvai tw /3acri\ei (pi]o~avTO<s.evoi dvBpa Kop.ev Trporepa t5>v diroKpicrewv. irpaTTeiv TtfV Oebv (pijcravTOs. " Kal ev TlavaOrivaiOLs" el eino-Top.7rov pbrjheva avrb p.i^o}v a><? avTov ttj p.

more striking than what they chap. . he did not deem it but he merely told right to say anything boastful them that he had made his defence and got away However when several people arrived from safely. XNI disposed to the Emperor. court. XVI Among the arrivals from Athens there was a youth who asserted that the goddess Athene was very well : chap. he said he also presided at the Panathenaic festival. . of how he had escaped the clutches of the tyrant.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. the attitude of Hellas towards him came near to that of actual worship the main reason why they thought him divine being this. In never to have heard so great a man discourse. answer to their questions then." their annoyance by declaring that the goddess was quite right. if after seeing fit to honour these : : 373 . whereupon Apollonius said 1'*!^'^ of " In to him Olympia please to stop your chatter of Oomitiuu such things. that he never made the least parade about the matter. for you will prejudice the goddess in But as the youth increased the eyes of her father. for he showed that he held a poor opinion of the gods. because the Emperor was Archon " Would that Eponym of the city of Athene. BOOK VIII remained much to learn." By the first of his answers he silenced him. if he considered them to be well disposed to tyrants by his second he showed that the Athenians would stultify the decree which they passed in honour of Harnlodius and Aristogeiton. had so far heard but those who were not acquainted xv with him thought it a shame that they should seem . who bruited abroad the episode of the lawItaly.

virep ' twv iXeiTrero." lepev. Tvpdvvoi<z clvtoiv \onrbv yapi^ovrai to Ke^eipoTOV7}p. ' 'Icrayopas." rfj ecpohlwv acplai " irdw crpi/cpa. v\i]. eari rt Travqyvpis .. XVIII el pur) 7rXei&> Xrjyjrij" xvni ®€tto\ov guvovTos avTw 8e ev dv&pos. eireiSrj £' avTa> rov Adfii&o*. " to tjBiaTOv /cal OeocptXecrraTov tcov <ye avup(07rov<. teal crcpoopa ol'ei ^aXeiravelv kept]. ^iAta? pot hpay^pd^ diro twv rov el pur) Aio<i yjp^paTWV.^j avp/3ov\evopTO<. VXvpnna. .FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. " eiirev. S09. /cal ov § dire/cpivov xpuoov avToT 374 " /cal . (oenrep av iyco p." " " " ecpi]. avrov" " 6 tepevs. virep (ov ev Uavadiivaioi? eopaaav. el elire. " oi>x virep tovtwv" yaXeTravel. tov " Kal 7roi/ci\a>el7re. /car ti? oe orj vmj tovtov . ye dacopLUTOV ti?. o> ovopua et7re pioi. XVII ^. tovtov iTripeXijaopiai.evov<. ecprj. 7rape\0cov " 6i vcrrepaia e? to lepov.ev rjpop-rjv virep v\i]s tov&€ tov dydXpaTos. apxeiv. pLeylaTt]" e\e$avTo$ %WTe6r}vai 'A7roXX&»7e. a> " vrj At". Aral " avptov. *£pr)pbd'Twv. aWd pudWov. ecpr/." 'laayopa.

"and 375 .'' " But. "what material." replied Apollonius." : . named Olympia and said: "Tell me. XVI they ended by conferring on tyrants the privilege of being elected to govern them. " I will attend to this.'' And the priest answered " Not at that what will annoy him will be if you do not take more. XVIII whom goras. " and by heaven makes a there is nothing in the world of men. BOOK VIII two citizens with statues in the market place. so agreeable and so dear to the gods." And on the next day he went into the temple and said to the priest: "Give me a thousand drachmas out of the treasury of Zeus." said the other. XVIH Isa" there such a thing as a religious fair or o/what' " " festival ? Why yes. Isagoras." he replied. because they had so very little left to " To-morrow/' him money defray the expense of their journey. for the chap. can a thing which is incorporeal be composed of?" "A most important material. chap. said Apollonius. about money. There was he met is a in man of Thessaly. if you think he will not be too much annoyed. " It is as if I asked you about the material of which that it this image is made. deed they "committed at the Panathenaic festival. Apollonius." "And what is the material of which it is composed?" asked Apollonius.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. XVII Damis approached him at this time to ask him chap. and you answered me was composed of gold and ivory.

to. royv aXXa Kal Oavpard yap rwv ajrovBaicov airovBaiorara koX eXXoyipcov eXXoycpcorara. 6a w rei^r) pev Kal v?)e<i ovo' 376 . cro^ta? re a\i]0ivrjs koX 7rott]TO)i' koX %vpftov\i6iv ' KaX BiaXe^ewv yvpv?)<.." Be rcov re peV €K T7]<i koi virep Kal pi)v koX re^vcov rfkeiarwv avrr)v ^ujK€ia$ai KaX aocpiapdrwv.ev(p avrfj" irepl avrfjs bv eyco rpoirov Bokovcti yap pot KaX " Tvavev.S' rrjv OdXarrav. pev rei^rj. ku\ dvBpes dv ev6vp. iravijyvpi<i rei'yr] >/ Kara rbv avrbv rcov dvBpwv tjvvoBos. acoparoeiBes eivai o-tcorepas v\y]<.? . rovs dvBpa<. ?} fj iravtjyvpi^. rjygaopbeOa. ecprj. Kal /x?. rd dd\arrav. re dycovia* Kal pLovaiKi}^.?. elvai \6yov elvac pev Kal avrb to •yoapiovi e\ o xpy/ gvvievai. rdrtj.i]6rjval rrore dvdpwrrov^ vijoov. Kal (TK1]V7) B/)7TOV. &)<? Hvdol ird" " eotKev" ArroXXwvi e." elirev. " ev9vpovp. erepas S) reXeia. beg oof?. el pi] vavs rjv.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. e(f»]. BiKatov erreadai r/Se 1) Botja " koX pa)v areX?.d\Xov. repevrj re yap e/c ev avrfj Kal lepd Kal Bpopoc TO. €0V1J T€ Clv9p(i>TTCOV vrrepopicov bpopov. Kaddrrep evioi reiyn] Kal >) vavs iiyovvrai. aimj<. ov pbvov rpiov." elirev. crco^eiv re dvBpas Be Be avSpas. Kal vP/e<i dvBpwv BelaOai. ^vyKaXei Kal " 1 ^vvoikiIjCL. Kal Be Kal roaovrco p. ai 7roXei<. 'Ap ovv" eir " & 'Icrayopa.

a theatre." "And " it is neither yet. celebrated of the celebrated. and men are kept safe by walls and walls by and in the same way I consider a festival to be not only the meeting of human beings. for there are sacred groves chap. is quite adequate and complete. Moreover. ship . men . and contests between naked athletes." said Apollonius. that the festival is not only something corporeal. as is the custom in the Pythian festival. are we to consider the people we meet there in the same light as some people regard walls and ships. or do you need some other opinion of the festival?" "The opinion." said the other. but is made up of more wonderful material than are cities for there is summoned together into one community on such occasions the best of the best. and we had better adhere to it. and of civil counsellors. and of those who deliver harangues on philosophic topics. but also the place itself in which they have to meet. "which we have formulated. of course. both of poets. because walls and ships would never have 377 . and the more so. and many designs. and contests of musicians." answered the other. " many arts go to make up such a festival. some of them from the neighbouring countries." " "O Then. and that men would never have thought about the sea at all if they had not had a . and shrines." said the other.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS." he added. and tribes of men. Isagoras. XN1 " it. O Apollonius." " It seems to " me. O man of Tyana. and even from across the sea. and race-courses and. and others from over the borders. in BOOK \ III most varied in character. and much true genius. adequate nor complete to one who considers about it as I do for it appears to me that ships are in need of men and men of ships. and the most - .

to. iv airovBats — daTclov Be dvBpbs BeovTai — vvv Be KaTa/3i)rai p. ev p. ev iropLTrals. dvBpes "EXXrjves. xfx' H/uepw^ Be TeTTapaKOVTa BiaXey_Qe\<$ ev OXvp. XIX . ev Ovalais. to vi/cojvTas Kal Toy? Bpofii/eov? twv uOXtjtcov yvfivd- aai. dyaadevTi eird% to? e<pdvr) 6 -^wpos tcov eTi vvv airovBa^ofievwv auTO(pve<. elpydo~6r). Kaddirep Tei^r) xal ai vfje?.(poiTav e's avra fiev yap ko\ cnoal T&VTa avOpwireia /cat /cprjvai evop. ra Be ' X a) P La Tavra ev rjtcovra vtto avToa^eBia yeipwv pXv avdpwrreiwv i(f)0dpr] eh at tufraipedevra.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS xvui aV *l e VOVTO to B ' ' > et M fxrj ^' avdpcoTTwv %elpas. iravrjyvpeaiv.2 v. yvpivdata Te^yXI tcl Kal oIkol. ev ecprj. iirel e? AeffdBetav ftpr) tw Tpocpoovlw 378 .vo~Tr) plots. " Kal KaTa TroXeis " BiaXe^opai vp.e. tj}? evTavua. TavTa yap to irov Kal 'Hpa/cXei evdv/xijOevTi. (pvcrews eird^ia rov ^v/j. Be dXarj crTecpavwaai tou? ovTo<i icav i7T7r6Bpofio<i ical ardStov nnrois. 6 p.ia6ri. avXtova dOXy]rai<i <TTaBiov ixrjKos. Kai OXv^nria<.ev uTro^pcou ttotov eivai Kai XovTpov. 'AX^e^o? /ecu Be aXai] irpo dv0pdj7ra)v B>]7rov eyeveTo. o £' evpv ireBiov evaywvlaaaBai tois 5' eyKovicraaOai teal BiaBpapielv Bid to Trapej^ecrOai Tiva opov.TTia Kal ytie/'. ." irXeloTa aTTOvBdaa^.

he found the place of the festival and games which are still held worthy here. Trophoniua many topics were handled. yet this river Alpheus with the hippodrome and the stadium and the groves. but for the present I must go down to Lebadea. for and porticoes and fountains the gymnasiums though and houses have been all created by human art. unless there had been men's hands chap. just like the walls and the ships. Apollonius said course to you in your several cities. for I have never yet had 379 . to their natural advantages that they were owing held worthy of being made their meeting-places . dis. I suppose. are by the hands of men spoiled . and the third provided just the space required for the athletes to raise the dust in as they run along in their races. and the groves around supplied wreaths for the winners and served the athletes who were runners as a place For I imagine that Hercules conto practise in. before men came here. so far forth as they are deprived of their natural and original characterfor it was istics. forty in : days. existed. and because he admired the natural advantages of Olympia. at your festivals. which " I will men of Hellas. to build them. sidered these facts.^£eoi also. the one water for drinking and for the bath. at your public libations. and they require the services of a clever man . your sacrifices. given up to discussions in chap. XIX O ' at your religious processions. namely a valley a stadium in length. while these places. and providing the second a broad plain for the horses to race in.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS." XIX After Olympia. BOOK VIII come into beinsr. at your mysteries.

/jlijttci) ^vyyeyova. 01 koI 6j3e\io-KOdv dvaairdaa^. p.evoi ireparovTai. pixpbv 8' dvco rod tepov ev yi]\6cp(p.ev 701/9 7roWov$ XeyovTwv. p.ei\lypara epireTwv. virep pbvov yap eicelvo hi avTOi) XP& rc ^ XP (o lx ^ V0V Ti]v ' pev rjpepav etceiviiv eairepa to)v 8° co? eyeveTO.. tj}s" tjvva/co\ovOovvTG)V vetov. toi"? he iroppcoTUTO).wv (poiTwaiv. e^copei virox&bvco<i avrw Tpi'ficovi 3S0 . ^vyicXeiovo-t. dv iroTe yoi]Ti dvOpdiirrp irapacryelv eXey^ov tov lepov. dva7rep<7rovTai kcl\ virep Qco/ceas. a rols tcaTiovaiv eyxpLTTTei.' AiroWwvo'i.? iniya? atrial tov pavTeiov KaiTpoirov. i\6(i>v eirl to aTopuov perd TeTTapa<i tcov Ta<. \ev/cf) 8' eaOfjTt iara\p. kcu yap virep Ao/cpoix.?) lepecov koX irpbs p. & ev Aefiaheia arbpnov avaxenai pev Tpocpcovia) to5 tepw. hie\e%@t) irepl to. dvahihcoai S' 7) yi) tov<. opdrai &' ov/c ev tw tepw. pe~\ itovttcis dirdyovTes ev raiv yepolv. " e'0>. oi he ir\elo~Toi irept to. S' avrb aihijpeoi oj3e\io-KOL kvkXco 7repi/3d\\ovre<i. to ouSevbs Xeiiropevov twv Oavpa'QovTwv avrov.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS CAP. TSouoTwv bpia. Tf)<. ea/3aTOi> fxovov rols virep XpTjcrp. irpbs he tov dvhpa ifkaTTOpevwv dirocjipdhas /cal ov Ka9apas yprjcrai." KarafBrjvcu virep (friXoo-otfii'as" Ai'TiXeyovTWV he twv p. /cal elirdiv kcl'itoi eirMpoiTtjcras iroTe tw raina i^oopei hi] eirl Boi&m'a?.'FjpKvv7]<. ^vve^ovcri irapohov /cXelhas.ev ov iroppco. ' irape\6cov ovv e? to lepov. i) he KaOohos o"a [£}]o~avTa eiriairdaaadat. " /3ov\opai.

an interview BOOK VIII although I once crap. Now the cavern in Lebadea is dedicated to Troplionius. But the earth brings them to the surface again. but into it as it down. Accordingly Apollonius entered the shrine and said " I wish to descend into the cave in the interests of : philosophy. but lies a little above it on a mound and it is shut in by iron spits which surround it.LIFE OF APOLLOXIUS. and you descend Troplionius. So on that day he delivered a discourse at the springs of Hercyne. and it can only be entered by those who resort thither in order to get an oracle. and are escorted thither with honey-cakes in their hands to appease the reptiles which assail them as thev descend. And when the evening approached. they pretended to the sage himself that only nefarious and impure women ever gave the oracles. and it is not visible in the temple. the son of Apollo. visited his shrine. he went to the mouth of the cave with his train of youthful followers. which constitute a bar to the passage. but most of them about the borders of Boeotia. in other cases a long way off. in some cases close by." with And with these words . he at once X1X started for Boeotia attended by every one of his admirers. he went down below . about the origin and conduct of the shrine for it is the only oracle which gives responses through the person himself who consults it. 38i . and having pulled up four of the obelisks. were sitting down and being drawn Those who enter it are clad in white raiment. for they are sent up to the surface beyond Locri and beyond Phocis." But the priests opposed him and though they told the multitude that they would never allow a wizard like him to examine and test the shrine.

ev Srj koX tcov AeBdBeiav olkovvtcov ^vyycopco d/cpodaOai.avreiov.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. 7rdvTas.icrOijvai pev clvto BaaiXel 'Ahpiavcp vaTepov. nrepl he tov BiBXtov tovtov yvcopt] diroirecpdvOoo pot. lepevat tov re avTols /caracrTTjvai dvSpos. oia. to. virep tov o>? c/cei eiriGTavTa e\ eTriirXi^iv toI<. XX cap. 'AvaKeiTCtt to BlBXlov tovto iv Avdlco. /cat av ttjv /ecu KaOapcordrrjv (j>iXocro(f)iav i)yfj . 6 pev <ydp /carfjXOev " TLva. ^ ev hi) tcov irepl ti)v ^82 . ovtco tl tco dew cfuXa irpaTTwv. OTe 8?] Kai Tivas tcov tov AttoXXcoviov eiriaToXcov. KUTapelvat. to he"Av6iov lTaXcov tcov cirl daKuTT]]. Tpocfxovie. dva8vaop.evov Oavpacruorara dvOpcoircov.Kop. airovBd^eTat 8id Trjv atTtav. o\<i pdXiaTa 'WaXiav BaaiXeicov eyatpev. /caduTrep e? StdXe^cv eavTOv &>? o~TeiXa<.. Tpocpcoviov. Kai . ov yap 8i) irao-as ye. TavTa p. e\ AvXiSa re eireaOat. St' aviate yap i)pepcov kirrd. he e$ rd BaalXeia ' tw AvOup. cf)opu>rarov eiiroov." ciprLwrdr^v to Se BlBXlov Ta? Hvdayopov el%e ttj Sonets. rfj co BtB\iov irpoa- epcoTr]crei. oacov p//7rco tj? tcov (pepcov vTreXOovrcov to p. a>? Kai rov pavTeiov ao<pia Tavrrj £vvTidepevov.

that he appeared to the priests and not only rebuked them for the reception they had given Apollonius. and the village chap. .^ is the purpose of seeing it. ground wearing BOOK VIII his philosopher's mantle. xx is on the Italian seaboard. phonius so thoroughly approved of. is much I must ^JjJ. XIX dressed himself as if he were going to deliver an a step which the god Troaddress upon philosophy. for he said it was there that he would come to the surface in such And in fact a marvellous fashion as no man before. . them Emerges J^ e f Trophonius : : volume of pythag o. visited for which . but enjoined — all to follow him to Aulis. that the oracle was in agreement with this form of wisdom. 383 . O Trophonius. and he had with him a volume thoroughly in keeping with the questions he had asked for he had gone down saying « What. a longer period than it had taken anyone of those who until then had entered the oracle. though by no means all of them . This book is in question. in acknowledge that I only heard these details from the nowlum u inhabitants of Lebadea but in regard to the volume in question I must set on record my conviction. do you consider the most complete and And the volume contained the purest philosophy ?" tenets of Pythagoras. having chap. a good proof this.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS.is XX preserved in Antium. which was that one of his Italian palaces in which this Emperor took most pleasure. that it was subsequently conveyed to the Emperor Hadrian at the same time as certain letters of Apollonius. he emerged after seven days. and it remained in the palace at Antium.

nXtjTal 00? oovofia^ev A7roXXcovieiov<i 'EWa?. ipaxri. a>9 p*ovt]<. IVa flTJ epLTTlTnCQCn rf) TTolflVT) ol Xvtcoi. ovtcd Trapelye tijv eavrov aocplav tois ^vy^copwv." avrw tovto . wq avrb to aTrkydeodai 384 . " vi] " 6LTT6V. rt o° ejBovXero /cal TrpoibvTas etc irevias e? ttXovtov. Tvyas (petal /cal rovs Kpolo-ov<. prjTopi/cr) ptev yap tnreicebTO tt)l> dpe- \ovpuevri. drre^dela^ re ovTco'i daira^o/xevou^. virb twv ttoXXcov. irepl ttcivtos ipwTav XXII cap. avrbv rd 7rpo/3ara. 8 avrw ' /cd£ 'lama? ol rj o/. /cal apiiKpa irpoael^ov tois ri^vijv £uy/cpoTOvcriv. dyopalov? TTpoaiovTas fidOy. AtaftaXXovTwv 8' avrov evtcov. Kai ^vpLfxi^devre^ tois avToOev veorris iyevovro Oavfxaaai a^coi rod TrXr'jOow.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS XXI cap. Xv tnravrXelv e'irj tois heop-evois. todi^ovro Se e-irl rr/v e/celvov (piXoo~o<pi'av Trdvres. dickeio-TOvs irapkyeiv rds roiv dijcravpwv Ovpas. hihacncdXov tj}? yXcorTti^. o S'. Acpi'/covro 7ravre<.6va>v imSy/Aia? i/cTpeTroiTO dirdyov tovs dfepoards e? Ta<? rjGW^ias diroa tcd>y\rav7oq piereXavveiv eirei&av At".. tcai t?)<? e? to (piXoaocpeiv opfifj'i. ical oti ras teal twv tivo? yyep. warrep rov<. tou? dyopalovs opwv d7ro/3X€7rofievov<." to?)? fidXXov.

and of influencing them to lead lives of quiet and retirement instead . threw open the treasures of his wisdom to those who loved it.* away his orators . by Zeus.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. remarkable for their accompany number and for their philosophic enthusiasm. and allowed them to ask him questions upon every subject. For the science of rhetoric had been left neglected and . c c . XXI companions who were named in Hellas the company of Apollonius and mixing with the people of the place Apollmaius they formed a band of youths. pupils from visiting the governors. who they say left the door of their treasuries unlocked. ir. 385 vol. flock. little attention Avas paid to the professors of the art. that they actually . in order that all who needed might fill their pockets from them. BOOK VII I XXI From Ionia also there came to see him the band of chap. XXII But certain persons accused him of dissuading his chat. Yes. them and one of them uttered the jest that he drove ^e*"18 sheep as soon as he found any forensic " orator approaching." said Apol" lest these wolves should fall upon my lonius. on the ground that the tongue was their only teacher but now they were all impelled to study his philosophy. like Gj-ges and Croesus." What was the meaning of this sally ? He saw these forensic orators looked up to by the multitude as they made their way up from poverty to great riches and he' saw that they so welcomed the feuds of others. But he. .

tovtI crocpia eiraivel.evu>v /cal airoWvpLevodv ovtco BteTedrj irpb^ t>)v T ^X in l v > ®? rrdvra ravra twv avKocpavrovvrcov t'jyeicrOai teal rcov Seivorijzi eirr)pp." fiij tolvvv. 6 S' dp\wv ttjs 'EWd&o? Ka\eaa<. ipiBi i) a/CTiva ore jaev v\v Si] e? vetoTepa hioo-r)jj. BeBievai yap p.la kepepe. aurbv e£ \\0i]vcov e? TSouoTiav. o~o<f)bv elvai tcl ere. XXIII cap. virb Be Beap. Sai/iovia" ye.(i)T7]p[(ov /cal twv BeBep. "/cal ijvp. ttoXv- Trpaypibvei decov /3ov\d$." elirev." " eirel dtcovco.(p>]pLi." e(py. aTTijye tovs veovs tov £vvelvai crcpccri /cal tcvs ^vyyevofievovs civtoIs evovdiret Tri/cpoTepov." " kepi]. %vvop." eirel yap r\ twv dvd pioirwv tov Be e\i7rdpei AttoWco- vlov eiirelv. €7T€c)(e tov %povov.. 0777] SLavoeiTai. bv rfj 'EWciBi eveairovBa- tov ovpavbv Bioo~7]pla ToiavTty tov tov eoi/ca)? i)\lov Tt)v kvkKov rrepie\9a>v crTecpavos ijfxavpov. olov cnroTrXvvcov j3a<pr}<i utottov Sie/3e/3\7)TO p.o\oyel<.eva>v fiaWov >) tov Tvpdvvov. 7rco\elu. " avdpoyueia. " " el d/coveis.tv yap twv Te 7rpo? ev rf) avTOvi Pfo/xrj /cal tov aXXov %p6vov." elire. Sf)\a irdcnv.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. otl /cal to.r) e? 1S6 . Ylepl Be Kev. " " ciKovco 'ATroWoovie.

" he replied " Yes. as that he believed all these evils were due to sycophants and lawyers puffed up by their own cleverness." are of one opinion with me. lution was of course clear to all. as if to wash off them a monstrous stain. For he had been long before on and his experience of the bad terms with them prisons in Rome. and said " I hear that you have a talent for understanding things divine. when the governor of Hellas summoned Apollonius from Athens to Boeotia. but dimmed the sunThat the heavenly sign portended a revolight." : : he replied. so prejudiced him against the forensic art. BOOK . "and said Apollonius. and perhaps you have heard that I have some " I have heard it." quite agree. he tried to dissuade these young men from associating with them. VIII conducted a traffic in hatred and feud accordingly chap. for he said he lest night should ensue and swallow up 387 c c 2 . I you not to pry into the intentions I "you for this is what human wisdom recombesought Apol- mends you was afraid to do." And when he lonius to tell him what he thought. "Since then. and those that did so associate with them he sharply reproved. xxm conversations with the people of Hellas.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. XXIII Just at the time when he was holding these chap. However. the following remarkable portent overspread the heavens. would advise of the gods . The orb of the sun was surrounded by a wreath which resembled a rainbow. himself. and of the persons w ho were confined and perishing in them." understanding of human affairs. rather than to the despot .

" XXIV xxiv Mera ravo RXXdBa iKavtos teal o p.ev rrXeiio y^povov icfriXoaocpei rrepl rrjv Spvpvav re Kal rr)v "Kcpecrov.epav rov cpovov KciKel2. rr)<. rbv p.re(pavo<.ias etre evOvp-rjOeis. drreKrovco? erv%e to p. XXV cap. erreiorj rcov Kara rrjv eiye. r) Trpoaraypa errerroii-jro rrepl rrjv rplrrjv vtjv e'9 rerdprrjv r)p. bv eSi'jXov rb rbv reOvecora Bi.evra dBeXcprjv rrjv dvBpa virarov.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. 'Etodovv Be oi Oeol Aop. eavrov eBeBcoKet.ev rijv 8' yap KXi]p.ev Xaa rolq eXevOepcordrois B' AOrjvaLoi? rbv rvpavvov %icpo<. ciXXd Kal rroBelaBai dittos Kal KepBos ueya roi<> Betjiois.ocrrjp. dvBpbs tpotrdv rfjs roivvv ri~]<.ev. yap Tl €K T^9 VVKTOS TdVTr)? <£w9. avrcp kraipeias. eirXei e? 'Icovtav %vve7rop. irolv. yvvaiKos. " Odppei" " ecprj.ertavbv i)Brj rrj<i rcov dv9 pcorrcov rrpoeBpias. eire rrdvras. erncov koX rd<.a.evi]<. Bvolv ivBiar pl"tya<. arreX- evOepos ayrjp. carat. vvtcTa fieraa-rfj rrdvra. vcpeipas 388 . dXXas Kal ev ovBefita rcov rrbXecov dijBrjs elvai Bo/ccov. 1' coppurjae errl p.

everything. BOOK VIII "Be of good cheer. and the greater part of his time he spent teaching Ionia After . a freed man of the lady. left XXV And now happened the Domitian from Clemens. considered him to be worth their regret when he them. indeed they . and to the better class of people he was a great boon. chap. signified by the form of the late portent." XXIV this. he who was. whether because the latest victim's fate rankled in his mind. accompanied by his society for" them. Thereupon Stephanus. or the fate of all others. 389 . For he concealed a dagger of consular rank.LIFE OF APOLLON1US. philosophy at Smyrna and Ephesus. that she also should follow her husband and join him. though he also visited the rest of the cities was he found all to be an and in none of them unwelcome guest. xxin " for there will be some light following such a night as this." said Apollonius. after living for two years among people Quits Hellas he set sail for Ionia. made an attempt upon the tyrant's life worthy of comparison with the feats of the champions of Athenian liberty. seeing that he had had enough of the chap xxiv of Hellas. to his presidency of that he had just slain gods were about to cast down chap. a man assassinates he had lately given his Domitian own sister in marriage and he issued a command about the third or fourth day after the murder. For it xxv whom . mankind.

a>9 to awpia. " BeopLai aov. puovov. 6 8' eppcop. 'xjeipos avao-Trdaas. wv ijKovae. reOvij/cev. tc3 t/}? aptaTepas dvaXa/3a)v TTifyei.ev Kara ttjv 'Pcopirjv.A. BtrjKe roil p. 8iaXey6p. CKaXei Be Kal ttjv ^Adrjvdv dpcoyov. " fiaaiXev. Kal XiiroOvpiovvTa yBrj. e'9 tov dvBpwva.ev tcl Kal aA.Tecpavov eireKeiTO. cttj yeyovcos Be irepl irevTe Kal reTTapaKovTa j^vveirXaKi] Tpwdeis. Kal /3otj- %vi>TaTT€i eavTov enl ae.ev tov avTiica ddvaTOV ov icaipiav.i<po<. ' 390 . Be tov peTa TaiiTa ovk aicaipov.r)pov 77/509 p. virep 5>v a/eovar}. ovk aTra^iajaavTOS he tov Tvpdvvov Tr\v afcpoacriv. o-vvevres ovv 01 earfkdov ad pool. zeal ttjv Yet/sa eVt- KaTeayvlav. rerapaypevw Trpocnreaoov Kal to i. ecopaTo XiroXXwviw Kara rr/v "E(j>eaov. 6<$daXp." avrov cravTOs Trepl 6 %T€(pavo<.." e<prj. peydXa yap. Kal KaraftaXcov tov ^.eya eyeb S' oiBa." elirev. 6pvTT(ov Kal t«9 Trapeids ^vvrp[/3(ov irvOfievt xpvafjs kvXikos aiiTov KeipLevq^ irepl tcl lepd.ei>o<i p.evo<. deapLois olov dTroXaftwv avrov " ov /z?7<?. clttiovti tov BiKaarrjpLOu TrpoaeXOwv. 8opv(popoi KaKMs irpaTTOvTO^ tov Tvpavvov direKTeivav XXVI xxvi <>' TaOr' eirpaTTeTO p. " 011 ra ftacrlXeia. a\\' ecTiv ov p. t% ecrKevao-pLevri<. &)9 6 iroXepLidnaTos aot K/V77- crv oiet.ov<.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. Trpo<. tov<.

and despatched the tyrant. rushed into the room pell-mell. for I have important news to communicate to you. and throwing him down. Clement. my prince. but took you imagine." When the . Emperor uttered a loud cry over this information. Stephanus threw himself upon him and drawing the dagger from the hand which he had trussed up. but he lives and I know where he is and he is making ready to attack you. Whereupon the assassin said " Your bitter enemy. realising that he was in distress. was a spectator of it in Ephesus. although he was about five and forty years of age and in spite of the . The him latter did not refuse him the audience. inflicting a wound which was not immediately mortal. a BOOK VHI hand in chap. wound he closed with his assailant. who had already swooned. as if it : apart into the men's apartment where he transacted business of state. Apollonius chap. he approached the " I Emperor as he left the law-court. kneeled upon him and dug out his eyes and crushed his cheeks with the stand of a gold cup which same lay thereby for use in sacred ceremonies. and carrying his bandage. he stabbed him in the thigh. were broken. before he could recover his composure. still strong and full of bodily vigour. For about midday ' 39 1 ." against his left fore-arm. Thereupon his body-guard. is not dead. though it was well timed in view The Emperor was of the struggle which followed.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. as . at the time calling upon Athene to assist him. XXVI Although this deed was done in Rome. and said would have a private interview with you.

twv Xbywv eKireaovTe^. tovtwv Kat rerpairXdcnoi. koX irdvres ol 39 2 . bpow teal %uXXap. bv l8ov yiyv(' 7]8t] y fxijc? i) 'Pcbfirj yiyvaxr/cei wdaa' dX)C (TKei. Kal iriarevovo-i p. dU' avrd 8pcop. ear dv yevrjrai ri tmv dpcjufioXcov reXo<?. 8e8ioT(ov 8e top tt}? aKpodaews kivBvvov.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. 6 yap rvpavvos . rpla rj rirrapa tmv i/3ba. oh 8e puavlav rav6^ t)yovp. iraprjv yap 8iaXeyop.ev irepl 8r) ra tmv %vgtmv aXcri] Kara /xearjfj^plav.6rjvaV.ev dXijOeveiv avrov. oicrirep 01 n erepov. elra ecndum)f3Xey}ra<. 81$ rbaoc Kal BiirXdmoi.iepov dpri. Biacpoira ydp. eirio-^cov oaov ol Siopwvre*. dire- <T(f)aKTai Tijfiepoj'.evoiv to)v Kara ' Tr/v E(f>eo~ov. rbv Xbyov. dpri. " 6appetre" etirev./3dveiv 8okcov €K7r€7r\r)yfiev)]s 8e ri}? 'E^ecroy. " " ov " to)v pbiJ7roi irpoahej^opievoiv davpd^co k(f)r). teal 7rpo/3a<.tv r)ppbi]vevo~ev tcra rols p. Kal ra iv rols (Bao~iXeioL$ ey'iyvero. vr) tijv A.ev bT pivpioi. TnjSooai u0' i)8ovrj<. yap ore p. Kal j3ouXop. re heivov e? Ti]v yrjv " (Srnxdraiv. elr eXXt7recr- repov Kara t>]V eavrov 8vvap.era£v Xoytov hiopwai crev.evci)v p. irate top rvpavvov." irepl ibv Kaipbv rcov pypdrcov. vfyrjice i) olov Vetera?. irate" ov^ ra wo—rrep e'/c KaroTrrpov tivos ethwXov dXt]6e[a<i eXKWv.eva. irpcoTov tj}? cjxoi'fjs.eva) irdaa. 67recrt(:o7r?/cra. ri Xeyco rijf.. "& di'Spes.

and at last he lapsed into silence. i though in less vigour than was usual with mm. But behold. pausing like those who are trying to see and wait until their doubts are ended. 393 . by Athene. And this yea the whole of the populace there. yet they were anxious it is. even now at the moment I uttered my words. and. was struck dumb with but he. like one who has been interrupted in his discourse. twice as many as before. Rome begins to know it for the rumour runs this way and that. All Ephesus. . : . happened and first he dropped his J^d^b^ the deed voice. and then. . for the tyrant has been slain this day and why do I say to-day ? . but as one who sees things with his own eyes. and then lapsed into silence. and is — : taking part in a tragedy.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. colonnade. thousands now are convinced of it and they begin to leap for joy. And with an awful glance at the ground. he continued Ephesus his exposition. Now about the risk they ran in giving ear to his words. for all Ephesus was at astonishment : his lecture." The inhabitants of Ephesus thought that this was a and although they were fit of madness on his part anxious that it should be true. just at the palace at Rome BOOK VIII he was delivering an address in the groves of the chap. gentlemen. XXVI moment when it all in the . like one who between his words 1.11. as if he were terrified. " Take said heart. for not even all : Rome as yet is cognizant of it." not like one who derives from some looking-glass a faint image of the truth. and twice as many as they. he cried " Smite the tyrant. smite him. though with .. and stepping forward three or four paces from his pulpit. " I am not surprised at those whereupon he added who do not yet accept my story.1 caught glimpses of something foreign to his subject. and four times as many.

/cal rj p. dcplgeTCU tovtI to pfj/xa kcu hevpo. bv /3acri\ev. zeal 7r/>o? ou? r. co? ol Oeol tovtcov eicacTTa BiaXeyoLievco tco dvSpl dveepcuvov. Zo^nvTL. yXuov ?>/)<<->> 01 tcov evay- yekicov Spofxoi. iirio-TeiXavTo*. Nepova ap%rjv i]Br) tcov 'Vco@ €(ov T€ fiovXals kcikuvov. yap ?. bv a7rayye\6/](T€Tai ravra. co? /xer ov ttoXv fxeraarr]- Ne/3oua re. avrco eXooi. toi? 6eol<. avTLKCL €K€ti>o co %vfxpovAo<." XXVII CAP. TpiaKovra avrco rov palcov ex eiv 6 6" rjfiipais /acto. Tavra. virep cov el&ov. kcu ol KTtivovres. fidpTVpe? Tr/s aocpias rov dvSpos. a\\o? ijlicov cxp^ei" crvviels tcrcos eavrov re. kcu i) tovto eveyKovaa rjftipa. rov Tvpdvvov acpayrj. tov. 394 . vjti > > / / xxvii -Eif cnritTTOVfievcov tovtcov.. iyco 6*e elfit 7rpocrev£oLievo<. ovtcos ei^ev. to 77-po? fiev ypdcpei avrbv cuviyfia' 7r\eicr- " ^vveaoLieda.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap e/ceivy Sfjfiot. &>? XP 0V0V fipa^vv eviavrbv yap kcu fifjva* rerrapas dp^ovros.€cn]/n^p[a. i<s Ta tt)? fiaaiXeias avrco rrpov&r acoeppoveardrep croLievov civdpcoTTcov. Karaa^iv ttjv /xev ei av avTr)v paov. kcu to /xev Oveiv VLid<? eV clvtoIs dva/3ef3\rjcr0co e<f Kaipov. TrapaKeXeuai^. ^povov d\\i)\ot<> /xtjr fii]re fjfiels erepov.

enjoy enigmatical sentence one another's company for a very long time during which neither shall we govern others." XXVII They were still sceptical. that it was not to be long before he himself should quit this human world. have you defer your sacrifices in honour thereof to the fitting season. and bore testimony to the sage's wisdom for the tyrant's murder. if Apollonius would come to advise him." Perhaps he realised. everything agreed with the revelation . when he left behind him the reputation of having been a sober and serious And . : We . when he wrote thus. when swift runners chap.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. ruler. and the day which brought the event to birth. Whereupon at the moment the latter wrote to him the following " will. thanks to the good-will of sage the gods and to his good counsels and he added that he would more easily retain it. xxvn which the gods had made to Apollonius of his harangue. I shall proceed at once to pray to the gods for what 1 have seen. arrived with the good news. 395 . to in the midst thirty days later Nerva sent a letter to him Nerva 3 say that he was already in possession of the ^teffthe to Empire of the Romans. my prince. and that Nerva was only to retain the for his reign lasted but throne for a short time one year and four months. the hour of mid-day and the murderers to whom he addressed his exhortation. nor others us. when you will receive this news. news . BOOK VIII will travel hither also and although I would chap.

" aov" k(pi]. irapeyyvrjaai 8e c58e " <y Adfii. ra yap diropp^jra rrjs i7ricrTo\fj<> yeypairTai efiov fiev 7rpo? rj tov oia paaiXea.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS XXVIII xxvm "^ va teal &£ H'V d/xeXcov (paivoiTO <pl\ov re dp^ovros. <pijo~iv. toctovtov ireirelcrOat. kcl\ Kakecras tov Adp. %vpf3ovkov tcov dpyjiKOiv. ifie opa. f3icoaa<. ?. inrep St' fieyd\(ov ^vyyeypdcpdat. el Be Svvaio. tov 8' ev elBora fiifiev fiev ol elirelv. dv /cal ri^vt] tov dvSpo? ttclvto. tijv iiriaTo\r)v iaKijyJraTO teal to dva<pOLTrJGai avTov e«? tijv 'Pcofiip'. \dde dirof3i(i)cra<i" dirdywv ovv eavrov tov Adfiiv. wenrep d\\i']\ov<> otyo-fievoi.. " Selrai ravra.Lv." rijv fiev /cal oyp-e 6 oia )) vk Xeyeavai Adfiis ^vvecvai <prfai r?}? Te^vrfs.. tov Xpovov. - elcoOaatv ol firf/dr avT(p Trepielvat tov otl del eo~Tai. " \ci6e ov efSico. XeyeTai fit] Oafid iirMpdeyyeadai." 396 . /cdv eTrl aeavTOv <j>i\o<ro<f>fj<i. yap eTriaroX^v apiara re Tt? ovv ai)T<p /cal S' . 7refi(p6rjvat irepov. eari o crov. auTO? el8a><i fiev 8r) iradeiv tl diuoov avTov ovSe ra fieK- XovTa. £vi'e0i]K€ fiera ravra dyaOov Trpos avTov eiriaroX^v. iva fir) virb fidpTvac Kara\vot.

said nothing of it to him. keep your eyes upon me. so abundant was his conviction that he would exist for ever. through anyone else. and far from addressing him after the manner of those who are never to see one another again. . he composed later on for him a him advice about matters of state and refuse""18 letter giving " but sendc calling Damis to him. and Damis' visit to Rome were of the nature of an excuse for getting the latter out of the way." : : 397 . i by myself or through you. V and ruler. "O Damis.. slip unobserved from life. : ' i . merely pledged him in these words even if you have to philosophise by yourself. they are of such a kind that they must be communicated as But a friend w 1 ! I . though he was much affected at leaving him. then. yet it might equally well have been sent orally either . and though it treated of important subjects. . yet Apollonius. in order that he might have no witnesses of his dissolution. in spite of his having no knowledge of what was coming. king contains secrets. he said °.iTi You are wanted him a letter tor this letter which 1 have written to the by Damis here. What then was the sage's device ? All through his life." His letter. who knew full well. ." And Damis declares that he only understood his master's device much later for that the letter was composed in admirable style. Damis accordingly says that. and if that cannot be. l. . he is said often to have exclaimed " Live unobserved.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. and though it is written. XXVIII BOOK VIII he did not wish to seem to neglect so good chap.

TeOvdvai yap ol direXevdepoi. irepl yap rpoirov." Te\evTt']aavT0<.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS XXIX cap.vovvTes to . oi)o' Bel yap irov tov Xoyov eyeiv to eavrov o" virep ifkticias tov dvBpb<. Te\euT)]crai o" avTov ol fiev ev ^Rcpeao) Oepai]Bi] irevopievov virb Bvolv Bpicoalv.et. re BijXovai TiivSpos ev r&> TvavdBe iepu> Kal Xoyoi ?/ p.ev oyBo/iKovTa. eiye fiev Bi) Ta ' ~'\ ro) '' e? i t -\ ' ireXevra." (pdvat. tovtI ovv >) yap 393 croi dyaOov dpi. XXX cap. veoTijTOs Be i)Bla>v. evevr)- dXXa KOVTa. eXevdepd)t>}<? ' erepa? e^eiv. irepas. tois T0i<i virep Ta Be Kal irpoaco t<ov eicaTov eXdelv. aavTa Be tijv eTepav. Adp. eo~Ti yap Ti? topa /cat irepl to? pvTiaiv. tov elirov. irepl &v KaT dp%d<. aWiav irpos eirel pLr) twv avTcov tj^lcoto. XXIX AitoXXojviov tov Tvavea Ad/Aihi r ^ * Aaavpto) avayeypap. irXeiovs p.p. fiev . AitoXXcovlov yf/pas ti)v 'AXKiftidBov iroTe veoT>]Ta. /cad' bv ereXevra. ae avTr]. irpoar'jKei AiroWcoviov. eipijTai. toZs p.eva e<? Tovoe tov Xoyov TeXevTa. 6" " " Kal BovXevcrai. el /coves rj fidXta-Ta irepl e/celvov i]v9riaev. elprjTaL ovBev to AdfitBi. cucepaio? cov irdv to au>p.a Kal apTtos.ev Xoyoi.iBi -^prj Be ovBels iptol Be ovBe touto irapaXeXelfyOat.dXXov i>p.

as is clear from the likenesses of him which are preserved in the temple at Tyana. others again who say that his age far exceeded a hundred. But as for Damis has repeated none. Damis the Assyrian composed. for that that would be the beginning of her well-being. emancipated. which was especially conspicuous in his case. He was fresh in all his body and upright. others that he was over ninety. has Damis told us anything about the age of our hero but there are some who say that he was eighty. when he died. end with the above XXIX story for with regard to the manner in which he b^ApdU loniua died. Accordingly after his death 399 . I praised the youth of Alcibiades. have its natural ending. and more agreeable to look at than in his. in One of these maids he K P hesus story were already dead. for the freed-men of whom I spoke at the beginning of my death. XXX Now there are some who relate that he died in chap. for my story Neither think. For there is a certain beauty even in wrinkles. . Ephesus. tended by two maid servants. and from accounts which praise the old age of Apollonius more than was once myself I should. if he did actually die. though . ought not to omit even this.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. and was blamed by the other one for not conferring the same privilege upon her. BOOK VIII XXIX The memoirs then of Apollonius of Tyana which chap. youth. there are many stories. but Apollonius told her that it was better for her to remain the other's slave.

(ppovpot rov ev avrco irXovrov.p7]rr} <paa\ aOevra' davp-aaioorepov rj ol ev AivSo)' Biarpi/3ecv p. ?) S' e'/c fAi/cpa? atrial diroBoaOat avrrjv Karn'fXw.ev i) ^AttoXXcovlov pudXXov dcpi/ceaOat.a rol<. o° ev ry Kpi'iry rbv rovrov 6avpa^6p. arelye yds.evot %vXXa/3ovre<. to? 8' pbij XdGoi. eirl rd<i rov lepov Ovpas. irap ov irpiacrOai tl<. 01 (pvXatcr) Be tc3 lepfo kvvcov ernreraKrai.eiXiyp. Bij- aavras.ev dveirerdaOyaav rrapeXOovros Be eaco 0vpa<i ^vveXdelv.evov.? dm pi. p.<pl pueaas vv/cras eavrbv Xvaai. rrpb yap e? rb lepov rrjs AiktiW?. i$ ovpavov." olov Wi 400 . ol 8' ovd' vXaicrelv rjKovra aaivetv re avrov irpoaiovres. 01 puev Bij rov lepov 77-polar dp. avrov &>? yojjra KaX X-yarijv Brjaai. rb Be aap.t)Te rcov d^iovaiv avrovs dpKT(ov pn'ire rwv wBe dypwov XeiireaOai. aX)C epcov ovtos kcu xpijpLariarrjs l/cavb<. areix^.' 6 8' dp. tcaXeaas Be rov<. irapeXto lepov rf)<i 'Adrjvd? KaX eaoy depavtol S' eV K. yvvattcd re dvetrrelv teal iralBas e'£ avrrjs eyypd^rai. BovXeveiv e/celvy. <w? fiiiBe rovs dyav eOdbas. warrep etceicXeivro. /cvai rrpofiefiXrjaOai ri vir avrov <f>daKOvre<.a yv " e/c tj}? yi]<. cov. Bpapuelv . al rd<> p. (3oiiv Be doovaojv irapOevwv eiareaeZv. ovo* evirperrr) ovaav. Ol 66vra 8" e? ev Alv&tp reXevrP/aai avrov.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. koX K/3>}t€9 p. arel^e dva.

in order that they might witness the spectacle. although she was not good-looking. hasten thou to Heaven. instead of barking. had been shut. Others again say that he died in Lindus. For they say that he continued to live in Crete. where he or in entered the temple of Athene and disappeared Lmdus within it. claim that they are as good as bears or any other animals equally fierce." In other earth. and their song was this. which opened wide to receive him and when he had passed within they closed . hasten. and the Cretans some . Her new master. from whom she was purchased. and after calling those who had bound him. None the less. when he came. But about midnight he loosened his bonds. he ran to the doors of the temple." afresh. words " Do thou go upwards from earth. Now this story of his is whose duty it is to watch hrtoheavcii temple guarded by dogs. Others again say that he died in Crete or Crete in a much more remarkable manner than the people of Lindus relate. as if they heard a chorus of : 401 VOL. where he became a greater centre of admiration than ever before. II. as they would not have done even with The guardians of the people they knew familiarly. this for BOOK VIII one continued to be the slave of the other. accusing him of having thrown to the dogs some charmed morsel. nevertheless fell in love with her and being a fairly rich man. and there was maidens singing from within the " Hasten thou from temple. over the wealth deposited in it. in shrine arrested him in consequence.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. who chap. and threw him bonds as a wizard and a robber. made her his legal wife and had legitimate children by her. insignificant reason sold her to a merchant. and that he came to the temple of Dictynna late at night. D I) . they approached him and fawned upon him.

evov dXrjdei Xoyco. p. on e? aXrjOrj? 6 virep avr?)<. dvrteir).eyd\a' fieipdtciov pev yap rd Tuava dpaav 6W09. Xcoviov " ou% Spare.7]h^ ecpicrrao-Oai heop. 6 ri ireirovOev.evu>v h avro tcov irapovToov. epop. tovtovI pJr\va " Oepevov." e<prj. ol h tvttovs eenrovha^ov yeu>/j./cov^ e7n^apdTT0VTe<i Tr/ yfj. Uepl ^rv-^i)^ he.epa (Tirovhdaav. A0709.ev to p. TreiOeiv" he joiavra e/celw)<. TrepTTTT] air* rjp. hchdcrtccov puev. rwv he £vo~7rovha£6i>T(DV vecov ol p. ovk dddvaros piev ol ifkeiovs virep "^v)^i]<. ' " eyct). dOdvaros eh]. epihas /cal pbrj £uvTidep. e<pi\oar6(jj€i €71. xarehapde p. •no\v7rpaypovelv he d(£>LK6TO pur] ^vy^copcov rd whe p. e/3oa. crocpla'i epwvTes.erpi.eipaKLov irepl Tore." &)9 {/pels 'AttoXi)puv. <b hexarov AttoWwvko hiareXd) evyopevos dvacpf/vat.ev 77-po? /3i/3\loi$ r\o~av. irepl ra<. to h\ wairep ep. t€ " ecprj.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS XXXI cap. iraparvyyiivei Te 402 .ev i'jhr) tov he 'AttoWcdviov e£ dv6 pcaircov Oavpa^opevov \6yoi 6° eVt rfj p. dvair^ihrjcrav wpovirvov. eyiyvovTO. fo>9 aOdvaro? ett). 6 8' ovrco reOvrjKev.paves. pn]h\ d><.ev 1 rwv avTwv ov hieXeyero.eTa/3o\f} teal /a^S' &>? Ae^at Oappovvros pLrjhevos. poi tov V7rep ^v^f^ \6yov. icai yap veoTrjs rt? rjv aurodt rff rf}<. p. to he peipdiccov ovhapws ^v^f]^ dOavaaia %vvtiTrapovres. Ihpcorl " croi" Treldopiai 7toXXw eppeiTO /eat. co? p.ev(p. tov o~o(pov.

" said he. and cried out believe thee. Now Apollonius had already and of that er passed away from among men. and of the young men who were studying with him." And. he leapt up from an uneasy "I sleep. that the soul is immortal but although he taught XXXI this account of it to be correct. The young man in question. discussions were mainly about the soul. when on a sudden. however. yet he discouraged af H T dffth . BOOK VIII XXXI And even after his death he continued to preach chap. but people still g 0u s wondered at his passing. " Apollonius the sage. the dispute that he was immortal. have done now for over nine months but pray to nothing Apollonius that he would reveal to me the truth about the soul but he is so utterly dead that he will not appear to me in response to my entreaties. gentlemen." Such were the young man's words on that occasion. when those who were present asked him what was the matter " Do you not see. but on the fifth day following. for a band of came to i youths we're there passionately addicted to wisdom. and no one ventured to This being so. and would not accept jjj^rt^ty truth in argument. streaming with perspiration. would on no account allow the tenet of the immortality of the "I soul. like one possessed. some were reading books. For convinces a Tyana a youth who did not shrink apostle of from acrimonious discussions. : . and said myself. nor give me any reason to consider him immortal. men from meddling there in such high subjects. after discussing the same subject. he fell asleep where he was talking with them. and others were industriously drawing geometrical figures on the ground. D D 2 .LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. how that he is present : .

404 . ovros e<paaav. < \6yot? Be iravf3ao~i\ei. Tayov SaifiovLois. av tovto fiaWov /cat rj ia ttuvtcov dv0pcoirayv dyada e%eiv.a crov. * tl p. " eoi/cev virep S)v fii) SiaXe^o/xevo^ "]K€lv eTrlarevov aicover ovv. dr i/c Seap-cov dobs 17T7TO?. t% 7'} ».bv(p to fxeipd/ciov. Kal (racpijs ovtos rr)$ AttoWcovlov rpiirovs eaTiiKev aTroppy'/Tcov. Tacpco fiev ovv rj yfrevSoTacpla) tov dvBpbs ovZa/iov TrpoaTvyoiv olha. aWa 7rpovoias. 7ropevolpie9a. Kal 7to\vt\)}tov diroarep^aaa XaTpeirjv aOC 06 TL TOJVO O06AO?. rov \6<yov. <ye ovhcifjLOv cpalverai.erd ^(poicriv . irov 6 teal irepl .aaia . prjiBiays heivr)v irpoOopovcra KepdvvvTai ijepi Koixpw." e/xol p.apav8ev. Kal eKTTeTTon-jjjLeva tepa TvavdSe Te\eaiv ovBe yap fiaatXets dirrj^iovv ai>Tov Q)v avTol y^iovvTO. fierd aoo/ia p. €Tre\6cbv TrXeicrTtjv. ewv irepl TtovBe /xaTeveis . O TT0T OVKCT €U)V T0T€ Sonets t] . ol tuttovo-l hlolpai. ola tw \oy(p eiriOeid^ei' u6dvaTO<i ^v^rj kov r) *ypr)p.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. kciltoi /3ov\o/u.iv aau/j. Kanot oTTQcn) ecTTLV.oi<. ^u%r}? pa^raiSet a>? rjp.evoi<. eiTaKpO(jd[xevo<. VTrep TOiv ^i^?}? IV evOv/iot re Kal ttjv avTwv (pvaiv elSoTes.

that I know of. established like an oracular tripod.LIFE OF APOLLONIUS. however. and Avith due knowledge of our own true nature. With any tomb. we may pursue our way to the goal appointed by the Fates. him anywhere. with us and reciting BOOK VIII is listening to our discussion. "And after the body is wasted away. Some "But for thee. " So why. Listen therefore to the inspired argument which he is delivering : "The soul is immortal. or cenotaph of the sage I never met. and have listened everywhere to And his shrine at Tyana singled out and honoured with royal officers for neither have the Emperors denied to him the honours of which they themselves were held worthy. to the end that cheerfully. and 'tis no possession of thine own. although I have traversed most of the earth. " But XXXI wondrous verses about the soul ? " " For we cannot see ? where is he they asked. " It lightly leaps forward and mingles itself with the light air. and is chap. is : 405 ." " It would seem that he is come to youth replied : converse with myself alone concerning the tenets which I would not believe. although we would rather do so than And the possess all the blessings of mankind. stories of his divine quality. as long as thou art among living beings. to convince us of the mysteries of the soul. -what use is there in this? day when thou art no more thou shalt believe it. " dost thou explore these mysteries? Here we have a clear utterance of Apollonius. like a swift horse freed from its traces. " Loathing the spell of harsh and painful servitude which it has endured. but of Providence.

.

THE EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS OF TYANA .

. p . GKeirreov.AFIOAAQNIOY TOT TTANEH2 EIII2TOAAI a . elvai. /cal cf)8oveli> to?? oVtw? ifKrjaiov cpiXoaocpovaw. erepov dvOpoinusv Ka/coSaifiovcov. \onrov. ovre vvv fiev ecrri <f>t\ia. irpoiKa <ye rj ao<^>Lareia<. 'E/aoI 77790? (f>t.\oao<f>ov<. evTvyydvovra^. /ecu eirei aoi /ecu <yr)pas i)hi) 0dvaro<. hi f)v e/caarov av eh) twp Trpoeipr/fievcov «7roSo^»}? a^iov. —E v (f> p dr rj. p<>JTe varepov ttotc yevoiro. /cal Tretpo) <fit\6ao(po<. tt\i)V ei 7T/30? ere' fir. et iravcrreov 71730? toi)? n <joi ?) rovrcov iariv. he zeal irdvv av tovtcov Oepdireve aov tc\ /cal fir) el?. ^prfcrreov avrr) ret. —T to CIV T ft) .. 'H apery (pvaei /erijaei ^py'jcrei. eicelva irddr). £cttI (piXla. 7T/30? fievroc o-ocptaras r) ypa/xfianard^ rj rt roiovro <yivo<. eiretirep yht] aoi /cal MeyafSv^ov. 408 . rdSe ovv ov irpbs ae.

for in your case old age is already at hand and death. I am neither on friendly terms now. and Heaven forbid I should ever be so at any later time. —To Euphrates. 409 . II. and try to be a philosopher. by use. To THE SAME. each of these may be held to be worthy of acceptation.THE EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS OF TYANA I. and not to be jealous of those who As for philosophers . and either give up the teaching of wisdom for the future or at least communicate it freely and for nothing to those who associate with you. Although this does not one of apply to you. myself I am on friendly terms with with sophists however or low clerks or any such other kind of wretches. for you already have the riches of Megabyzes. unless indeed you chance to be them. Forasmuch as virtue cometh by nature. : really are such. by acquirement. the following words do very much apply to you heal and remedy your passions. See then whether you have any one of them.

el cpikocrocpov ehjerav.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS y.evais. 'OXiywv rralBes TrXelco Bet crov rots rraialv. —r a> ai/T(p. K7T7]\de<i eOvr/ rd peragv t% 'iTaXta? airo Suptcm TTooyeov 7rft><? dptjd/jLevos. eBeo p. . -to) avr ft) . elra Bid 0a\drrr}<i vvv vrroarpefyei*.ev ovv pi]Be (ppovrlaac yeveadai rwv ifcavcov. dycov tyopr'iha cricevwv pecrT7]v dpyuptov. a V T ft). teal creavrbv ev rats rov BnrXr) Be aoc rore /cal pueyas. iravroBatrbiv. . epbrropias epnropos. Trecpr/ve yap wv /cal Kara ri)v arodv dXijOeararos. ^pvai'ov. Twv ere avvr/ybpov 'ILTriKovpov Xoycov 6 irepl rjBovrjs ovBevbs Beirut rwv e/c rov ki'}tvov /cal rrjs e/cewov Biarpifii)<i. rfkeov Be ovBev. €7riBei/cvv<. dv eh] pLeydXy airouBf] velp-ai ae rial Bevrepov aoi evia rcov ovrcov e^«9 Be /cal warpiBa /cal (piXovs. -TO) B'. aWeo? re koI errel Be drra% eyevero. dXa^oveias rtov rjv /cat /ca/coBaipuovlas ris 6 (fiopros koX Ztjvcov rpayr/p. \ev/cb<. perd dBofjias twos. . 410 el Be dvriXeyoiv irpo/copiels . rv(J>ov teal eaOtjroiv 7toikl\(ov. fiacnXecos \eyop.d- 6 rpoTros rijs tcaiv>]<. /coapiov rod Xonrov.

V. you should not even think of purchasing more than you really want. of embroidered raiment. of vases of all sorts. There is no need henceforth for any inmate of his the merit garden. of gold. To THE SAME You would need little for your servants. and a long white And now how beard. Nay.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS Til. if only they were servants of a philosopher. has turned up in the Porch But if by way of 41? . sopher's doublet all the time. not to mention overweening pride. or follower of his school to plead of one of the discourses of Ejucurus which is entitled " About Pleasure. —To THE SAME. and boastWhat cargo is this. me and cargo of silver. of every other sort of ornament. comes it that you are returning by sea with a full Italy. especially as you incur some ill-fame But since you have once made the mistake. and what ing and unhappiness ? the purport of these strange purchases ? Zeno never purchased but dried fruits. between You have visited the countries that lie beginning from Syria. parading yourself And you had a philoin the so-called royal cities. the next best thing would be if you made as much haste as possible to give away some of what you have to others. You will still retain both your fatherland and your friends." For a advocate thereof : genuine itself. but besides that nothing. thereby. IV. To THE SAME.

7r\ovo-Lov<i. el yap ovtco 'AttoX. vavv. ijpoptfjv kcu yricovro tov ttXovtov. " "XovTpuv airav ol/cias irapaiTetTai" Kal Trjs ovheiroTe 412 . /cal e^/ot? h av elirelv to. ypavs. T € fc CO av T crot ft). veoirXovTOs..- yevoio yevvalos. 'Yipopnjv ttXovclovs Tivdq. co . irdXiv oti tcv^os els /co\a/cevTeov ofioi'cos vocrovvTas. ?/. ean yepovras. ecpaaav.. Ireov /cal Tijv 'IraXiav. /3a<Ti\i/coi<i ypd/xfiaaiv k\a/3e koX ttoXlv e\a/3ev ekaftev. Ti kclI ev Tol<. alriav crv avdyicqs.evirdvra cpaal hetv tov epuropov ou?. 'JLTrt/covpos he ovk av r . —t co avt el co. ovv koL h\ TaXav. yeypaiTTai ILvcppdri]*. 'Eai> oti ercei t)]v rd'xp'i Alyas acpi/cy koI Kevcoar)<. C . 6pviTTop. tcdXcov aeleiv.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS ra<i XpvcrlTnrov cr^oXa? /cat Soyfxara. Mt£a?. *Apd ti real crv ypd-ty-aio av . avvi')dr) TavTa Kal irpo^eLpa' \covlo<. ipol he eXt) ttjv akiav rpvirdv ev ©c/luSo? oiKco. ti ttjv ov pueWopuev ttj<. S' iriKpatvovrai. —T co a l) t «. Vera*. 6pcpavov<.

you have to return again post-haste to Italy. To THE SAME. only acquired wealth. if they foster such And they answered " How can " So I asked them what was ? we do otherwise the reason of their duress. lately asked some rich men. the old men. To THE SAME. your wealth yesterday. I Avould rather clear out the salt-cellar in the house of Themis. " Euphrates has taken money of me namely this Now Epicurus has taken it a second time. " Apollonius hackneyed and obvious accusations Yes. old women.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS contradiction you should bring out the lectures and tenets of Chrysippus. I it. Perhaps then you would like to draw up a little indictment of me ? I only wish you had the pluck And you would be able to repeat these to do so." To THE SAME. VIII. As soon as you have reached Aegae in your hurry. bitter feelings. where you must fawn as usual upon the sick. and what's utterly declines to take a bath. : VII. and : would never have taken VI." : 413 . dandies. let me point out to you a certain passage in the Emperor's correspondence. Midas. For say that a merchant must let out every reef. myself. For they orphans. my poor wretch. Getae. and they blamed their But you. and discharged your ship there. rich men.

' 6 . tl t)v. " ovBev oparai toov tov crw/zaTO? " Kivei. tt) rj Xoycp. ttuvtodv." tt) Tt i)v. KaOapcorara. " /cat aa>p.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS Tpoeicn Kal aoo^op. ovk dv eXa/3ev. el eo<? owpea?. Xoyo<i Be TaXiiOes evplaKCL. p." St' oXov yap Kal yap " Kop. <f>opei eaOrjTa Xivi]v." Kal T(bv lepecov to." " crapKwv Bid tovto dv9p(07r6<. aXXa i) TTaTpioi p.iTet'a9.a ti]V K€(pa\7]v" 6 'F. t'croj? eKelvo Oijaets.. —A i (ov i. e%ei tovs iroBas.ev yap rjBovPjs opyava Kal piovaiKt) Tovvo/xa Teyvt]. TrXecco yap ra aBrjXa. Kal puavTiKT) xpf/Tai" aXXoos ap. o e)(ei.XXr)v.ev eXapev av. t?)v "^rv%7)v tcivcov. eXa/Sev dv dpyvpiov. yeypdcpOai.evov<. " Kal vaTO<. AvXocf Kal Xvpa KpecTTOv iaTi Tepneiv to. otl "JLXXijv teal ov ftdpftapos. epeis." JLvcppaTa.aT(ov Be oBvvas dcpaipel Kal irdQri Travel" tovto ttov Kal Trpos " tov ^Xo-KkiiTTibv kolvov to eyKXi}fia' aiT€LTai fMOVos" ol Be Xonrol eaOlovcri. el TavTa nrpoaeyco. ov 7raT/3t9 oe.i')yavov Trpoaiadeadai tl twv eaop. " el €7rl /3pa%ea Xeyei eaTiv ovk dBvaiyrjaac yap drri^eTaL iraacov Kal dyjptoov ec/Tt. fxi] oioev.evoov. tovto aoi 4i4 . /3pa%v. " dXX ov to tolovtov" o irpeirov (piXoaocpoo irpeirei " Kal 6e&. 7roA.

EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS more. If you tell me. and going." Well. his head." Yes." Yes. 415 . Euphrates." Yes. " He abstains from all flesh and from eating any animal food." Yes. for many are the practises divination. that you have put these counts into your indictment. for he has a faculty of holding his tongue altogether." " Nay. and civil promotions. and the art of doing so is named music. and there is no other way " But that is going to happen." That is surely a proof of his humanity. moving any of his person. for this purest garb is that of priests. raiment. If there had been presents." of things we know not. you will probably add " If there had been the following as well any he would have taken money as I have. IX. he eases the flesh of its agonies and allays suffering. But . he Avould not have taken it. for he never moves anypart " He wears his hair long on thing except his soul." Yes. and the rest of the world feed. because he " He wears linen is a Hellene and not a barbarian. " He uses few words and on few occasions. you had better employ and lyre than argument for they are the instruments which are made to minister to pleasure." " He eats alone." " And moreover Nevertheless they befit the deity. he would have taken it for his country. it hath. but but that is not one's country which knows not what : You might equally bring this charge against Asclepius. he never quits his house and takes care never " You never see him to soil his feet. " He Yes. money going. If your object is to please. and so does the Hellene. foreseeing anything such practices are not consonant with philosophy.—To flute Dion.

eyiaT?i tj}? /cal HaXatarivijs.ov 1) vp. rip. aXXa rcov p.rj ttoXls puovov elrj. Upcorov eh rrdvra Oecov avBpcorroi Seovrai Kai rrepl rravros.t)reov yap Sevrepov rroXeis p.evos So^ijs ijrrcov cov SiaXeyotr la ." 416 . /xciXicrra rraacov rcov aXXcov epuoi re Oavp-aarea ripn]rea re ko\ ciXXco Be opbolcos rravrl vovv eyovrt' rovro /caOdirep p. a VT CO. rovro aoi pijreov. re avrbOi pueyedei Ttpoyovcov eip/jvrjv.ai elhercoaav ovv. Kara vop.era Oeovs /cal ra rroXecos rrpo/cpireov rravrl vovv e^ovri' el Be /cal p. 09 av eh cov fir) kcli rrpbs eva Xiyrjrai. if the 3 2 object under comparison were an ordinary city. — K aicrapecov it po ft o v\ o 1$ .ev l Xoyov kolvov rb irpoKpiriKov av orav oe rcov rroXXcov? to Kara crvy/cpicriv ovv e'/c eh] /cat. I . aplani clperah. Si i)v rrerravp." Perhaps we should read in the Greek -npoKpniKiv. eirena irbXecov.ois ical eTrirrjhevpLaai /cat en re i)6ecri tear 7r6Xep. ols av SiaXeycfievos ev 7roWo?9. i ZrjTOvcrc rives alriav. &ia\ey6p. elhevai p^eXr) rb roLovrov ahvvaros cocfi ekyjaai \0709 arras. hv fi with Olearius and render "for preferring your city. T rt]V co i.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS irpaicreov. rjv /cal rrepl rovrov <f)i\oaocpf]<i. 6 Tolvvv aKkccs av. Or perhaps we should render " by ordinary reasoning.erepa 7roXi<i.

X. : XI. Some people ask the reason why I have left off Let all know giving lectures to large audiences. E E .EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS argument finds out the truth and at this you should aim in you actions. Now if yours were only one city of many. at least if you are really making a philosophic study of it. TT. and so would every man who has any sense. all others there in size and in laws. then. the greatest in Palestine. I should still see reason to admire and honour your city more than all others. who may be interested to understand such matters No discourse can be really useful. Anyone then who discourses in any other manner is motived by vain glory to discourse. —To the Chief Councillors of Caesarea. . 4*7 VOL. excelling . and in institutions and in the warlike virtues of ancestors. instead of being. Men's first need is of gods for everything and above everything their second of cities. unless. if it be single. it be also delivered to a single individual. as it is. . for next and if after the gods we must honour our cities we are men of sense we prefer our cities' welfare. By common report this would be the reason for preferring your city on a comparison But whenever a city of it with the run of cities. and still more in the arts and manners of peace. at this in your words. To THE SAME.

cito<.r)s dvSpa.ei-^raadai tou9 ov tt} T0Z9 epyoi<. to ev-)/eadai rf) TTokei ra dyadd Tvy)(dveiv re rr}$ ev^r)?. T0f9 d^iovs d7roSo^i. papTvpr}- dXXa /ecu dp^aaOai p. dWa Bvvufiei dXXa to KCtl dp.. oirep dv BiaTeXecaipi /cdyd> Trpdrrcov virep vpiwv. to r) tovtov tov dvBpbs 77/309 dp.ev ovv %dpiTO<. ' eire'iirep i\a6r)v iBiov dyadbv Be XwvlBtjv o~TaTr)<. tis mv tv^oi Bid Tiva (ftverecos i7riT7)Bei6rrjra. Kol tovtov eavrrjs %evov /ecu diroOev. opolav dBvva-TOV. re tov vfieTepov 6vo/j. tovto fiovov laces. to yap ttov tt) Ta^ei BevTepov evpelv ovBeiroTe tj) cfrvaei irpcoTOV. T€ 8eovs e%r] kcu avTr) Te evBaipicov /cal els dpeTr/v axpeXrjae toix. /ecu 7ravTeXa><. /cpeiTTOw.9. twv ev dv6 pooirois to KaXXiaTOV. ov Bva^epes. 'A7to\tov ^KfypoBiaiov veaviav eppcopevetfOeaiv ical <f)vo-ea)<.tv . 7roXf? ovaa. IToXt?. dv ovtco dvOpooirwv OevTas.rj<. el 6eo<pik. Treipdcropiai %pi]o~ipiov vpiv irapaaKevd^eiv et? e/cao-Ta p. — % e\e v k 77779 7T/309 e o) v rot? 7Tyoo9 ir po ft ovXo t 9 . dfioifiijv & ov paBiov. dvOpcovrcov yap ovSels ra 7c TtjXitcavTa dv 1 SwaTOS' 418 fcal eOeXfjaai fie Trap vp. KWrjviKois tpaivovai to Sid ypappdrcov koivcov.eTa koX Tv^r)? Ttvo9 dyadf}?.oi/37)v rj vfxcov dv 717509 Tiaiv d^iov etii. waTe debv avdytci] irapaicaXelv virep vpcov fiovov.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS &PXV ^oXis TTore Trjs 777909 eva Tip. §' yevo/xevovi. d£ia<. ij3'.

for I am pleased to see the manners of Hellenism revealing their own excellence. and worthy to bear your name. 419 e e 2 . and what worthy repayment of yourselves is possible ? This perhaps and none other That if he is a man beloved of the gods bv reason of some natural endowment. Consequently I am obliged to ask heaven to reward you who have shewn yourselves not only but also in deeds. for I imagine that what in time sequence is second. with the help of some good fortune. and that one who is a stranger. Now though it is not difficult to lead the way in displaying graceful good-will. can never in nature be first. and doing it by means of But as Apollonides the son of public inscriptions. — To the Chief Councillors of Seleucia. and contributes to the excellence of those in whose favour it bears witness. and comes from afar off. it is yet not easy to requite it . he should pray that that city may obtain all This blessings. For no man could possibly rise to such achievements as yours. It is a further proof of my superiors in ability. nay it is altogether impossible to find a true equivalent. I shall never cease to do in your behalf. what can the individual do by way of return. and that his prayer may be granted. indeed it is the noblest of human acts. is both blessed in itself. seeing that it is a city which honours him. Whatever city is so well affected as yours both towards the gods and towards such men as are worthy of acceptation. : XII. Aphrodisius is a young man of firm and constant character. I shall endeavour to render him of use to you in every particular.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS leads the way in paying honour to a single individual.

evddBe.FLA VI US PHILOSTRATUS yeveaOac fjpas.e\eiav. ical Z/jvcov. kcli 61 rrpkcrfSeis ri. UvvOdvovral pov iroWol 7ro\Xa/«9. &>? T/79 vp-oov av eir) yiipnos Trap' v/jloov /cal avrb eh /cal eycoy av evgaifirjv vpcv yevvfjaOat. — t ot9 a v r ol <. aWois p^ev ovv cCKKo ri epyov Bi/caico^ rj /cal vcrrepov. vp. r)pd<.eraBcoao) iraLBeiaq riyi /cal TrdvTox. Xrpdrcov pev e£ dvOpooTrwv ol'%erai.(pdt]v eh ^IraXtav.ere7rep. rj ov p-erairepcpdels d<pi/cop.7]v. pi) 420 . ot? avrb povov dvBpdac (pi\oL$ ovk £v erepa> yvwaOi]aopAvoi^ ^povqi. eveKev ov p. etvai. vlbv aura yevopevov 'AXe^ai'- opov avrbs dva6pe\{r(o.id)repot.p. irdv oaov yv aura 0vi]Tov eVt 7/79 /cara\nrd>v. e^aiperrxx. olf pev co? ol/ceiot?.ei£ova c"ou9.£vroi xal ravrrj /3ov\6p:evo<. rovrcov ecrrep rjv rcov en /co\a£opevovs yevoiro vvv a)? S' 6vop. rivo<. epurjs. . —E v<j) p cirrj. e%eiv rivd ray e/ceivov rrpaypidrcov emp. ly . rbv e/c 2.ere8a>Ka rjv %pr)pdra>v 6 rd p. o' av p.drcov d\i]de<. ^pr) Be rov<. n koX irpocrOev. eirrep ej^etv d^iov. lB' . %rjv aXXw? \eyopevovs. yeSiori <pi\oc. /cal p. eyco p. lepoovufMCx.erepo<.e\evKi8o<. warrep crv /cal et res erepo<ieyto Be rrepl rod rrporeoov piev ovk dnoKpcvovpLai.

still undergoing punishment. fore I was his son XIV. as I would pray to have visited you already. and thereus as his relations. I myself. supposing these names meant anything. like yourself and sundry other people. I —To Euphrates. 421 . Your envoys are the more precious to me. lest some occasions. known now is undertake to bring up myself Alexander who by Seleucis. One of us then must do one thing. why it or if I to Italy . but we who are here. and has left upon earth all that he had of mortality . and it is our duty to do it now rather than later for if in the past we were some of . who am bestowing what is so much more important. because they are already my friends. I mean Hieronymus and Zenon. in other words still living. however. and some of us merely as the time to show with all sincerity that we are really such. XIII. his friends. another another. Straton has indeed passed away from among men. if it were right that he should receive it. am desirous in this matter to be especially your friend. have been asked by many people on many is that I have never been sent for was sent for. and to impart to him my own And I should certainly have given him education. nor must we delay doing our duty to an indefinite future. to the first question I shall give no answer.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS your gracious good-will towards me that you also wish me to visit you. ought to have some concern for his affairs. To THE SAME PERSONS. money also. why I did not come Now thither.

e<ya> he KaX tovs cnro tov helvos olfxai helv ovofid£eo~0ai fidyovs. UXdrcov ecpi]o~€v. rj oti [idWov av p-eTeir ijx<^6iiv r) acpi/cofirjv . el /xeXXovaiv elvai. ol Tlepcrai. •r. 7ro\\ov<. deloc re KaX hiKaioi. cv S' ov fidyos. /tayo9 ovv 6 6epa7revTij<. —t (0 avro). 6 fiaTaicos ev 6 (frvaiKos €(pr]o-e ho^rj yevopievos.& tovto ti<> /cal yeyr/dev €7r' avra>. el dWd Trjv aperrjv ctheairoTov elvai. iaTiv dXr/des. hecrTTOiel. dXoyov elvai Kara (pvcriv 'HpaK\eiTO<. iyKaXvTTTeos €Kao~TO<. eppcocro. TTOTWi eavTov it . ouS' elhevai fioi }xe\ov. —t a> a v t ».FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS KaX Bo^co Tialv elSevai rrjv alriav. 422 . coairep tov di'OpcoTrov. /cal wvios ylverai %pr)p. he pit) rip. ie '. —T U> aura).. irepX he rov BeuTepov tI av KaX heoifxr/v erepov Xeyeiv. tcov Oecov i) 6 ri)v cpvatv delos. trf . Mayoi"? ovopid^ovai toi>9 Oetow. -T w a V T (O. yidyovs oiei helv ovo/xd^eiv rovs cnro UvOayopov (po\oa6(f)ov<.dTa)v. ciihe ttov KaX rot'? cltto 'Op^>e&)9. el he tovto a\r)de<5. aXX" dOeos.

XVI.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS should think that I knew the reason. For my own part I think that those who follow no matter whom. but a man without god. are no magus. that 423 . You think it your duty to call philosophers who follow Pythagoras magicians. and instead of doing so sells himself for filthy lucre. and likewise also those who follow Orpheus. Plato has said that true virtue recognises no And supposing anyone fails to honour this answer and delight therein. I say that he but gives himself many masters. The beings. if this be true. Persians give the name is A magus then of magi to divine either a worshipper of the gods or one who is by nature divine. XVII. Well. then let everyone hide his face who vainly and idly is held in repute. whereas I am not interested to know it but as regards the second question why need I say more than that I would Farewell. you XVIII. To THE SAME. Well. To THE SAME. as it is true. XV. Heraclitus the natural philosopher used to say man is by nature irrational. if only they are determined to be divine and just men. master. ought to be called magicians. rather have been sent for than go ? . —To the same. To THE SAME.

Bvvapis Be dirriv. Beirai yap del to erepov tov eTepov. warrep eartv. o HTTopi/co<. —S K o 7T e A. BevTepos Be 6 ev pup-ijaei tov apicrrov. tcfl . 6 iBios. a>9 dvBpa. ical <ppbvr)aiv av e'irj aoi KrrjTeov teal yap el <ppovi]ai<.is eariv. —A p. tmv Ik kos. ov yap depis avTovs fiapfidpovs bvTas ev -ndayeiv.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS id'. (pvaecos el Tt? evBerjs ecr). eTTMTToXl- o (j)C\0(T0(f)0<. wanep 6y]ri<. o Bitcaviicos. 6'i/re(W9. TrXovTelv Be cos 424 . Kara rrjv eicdo~Tov Bvvapuiv rj (pvaiv iBios &v. eyiceipevwv Br) ray yevi/cwv if) rdfjei irdXiv ycverac 7rp6i>TOs pev 6 Xapa/CTr/pcov. rjv. (pcoTos teal <poi)<. opLoiws eBei aoi Bvvdp. k .. /ca .ev e a f3 d>v akt i. Et aoi Bvvap. to Be apcarov Bvaev- perov efcdo-Tw re /cat BvaeiriKpiTOv. t a v <p <ro<pi(TTrj. o viroiAvriixaTiKos. Aet ireveadai dvOpwiTOV. Bap/3dpa>v defre/CTeov ical ovte dp/CTeov ai/Tcov. e t i av (p.eco<i. ware olfceiorepo? /cal ^apaKTrjp eireiirep /3e/3at- orepos. —A o p. —t (o a vt a> . Uevre elcrl avpiravTes ol tov Xoyov ^apaKTrjpes..

You 425 . . It were best you should hold aloof from barbarians. . and not aspire to rule them for it is not right that they being barbarians should find in you a benefactor. If you have power. so far forth as also more lasting. supposing he be one of those who lack natural endowment. but to lack power. THE SOPHIST. there emerges afresh in sequence of dignity. For supposing you to have prudence. consequently his own character is more it is fitting for each man to assume. then it would be well if you also acquired prudence. the commentator. first he who is peculiar by reason of his own faculties or nature. just as the eye needs light and light the eye.EPISTLES OF APOLLOXIUS XIX. should try to be poor as an individual. XX. XXI. And when these general characters have been settled. all : To ScOPELIANUS. XXII. To THE SAME. but to be rich as a member of humanity. But the best is both difficult to find and difficult to appraise. —To Domitian. the historian. the writer of epistles. the advocate. —To Lesbonax. you would have been equally in need of power for the one of these ever stands in need of the other. and there comes second he who is an imitator of the best. In there are five characters in rational discourse the philosopher. and you have it.

ravra (f)lXa Oeols. ical to eyeveaOe iroXepioi.. ice.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS icy . rj larpi/crjv ecfracr/cev.o\ 80/cel. av ri<. eicelva he dOecov. rrpdrrcov ktco^api^oLTO avTols. roov ^OXvpirloiv nrapaeyo* yeveadai Xav. ©eot dvaicov ov heovrai. el he larpiKr) to Oeiorarov. To deiorarov UvOayopas pera crcoparos. — t ot9 iv *OXv prr i a Tt ovv 6 erf k6 po t? . /ch' . els hvvapiv ev pLevos. avOpcoTTcov Troiojv. 'Aifiovre pe tw av dywvt. hevrepov.ev (})l\oi. — F*XXav ' o h l ka i <> tc al 'HXet'ot?. 426 . fypovqcnv. a>9 ep. he rrapeyevoprjv el prj acopuaTCOv Oeav /cal apcX- rbv pel^ova rrjs aperrjs dytova fcara- Xei-yjreiv epeXXov. to hevrepov he ov 'OXvpbTTia to p. — IT eXoir ovvt] a i is . irpiaTov k? . teal "^v^y]<i eTrcpeX^reov ^wov ovk av vyiaivoi tm /cpeiTTOvi voaovv. —K p to l t o) v i . /cal hia tovto eirl eireiJL\\raTe 7rpea/3ec<. re T01/9 d^iow.

—To the Peloponnesians. so far as one men as deserve it. my do good to such 427 . —To the Priests in Olympia. And I would come to be a spectator of your physical rivalries. and have sent me envoys to that effect. and. can. — To the Presidents of the Olympic Games AND TO THE ElIANS. Pythagoras has declared that the divinest thing is the healing art. we have . XXIV. atheists however can offer sacrifice. if it did not involve greater arena of moral struggle. The second phase of your relations with one wnother were the Olympic Games.— To Crito. if in respect of its highest element it be diseased. and though in the first phase you were frankly enemies.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS XXIII. my abandoning the XXV. But if the divinest thing is the healing art. This pleases the gods. You invite me to attend the games of Olympia. can one do in order to win their favour in ? What then One can. The gods are in no need of sacrifices. then we must take care of the soul as well as of the hody for surely a living creature cannot be in sound health. XXVI. in this second you still were not friends. opinion. acquire wisdom.

e/cow av Belv eyevero (plXos.eiv. '¥ o) p. m alriai.— V At eopral voawv O p 6 e T T). rl to Trap' el ovv apyeiv eTrlaracrOe. e/celvos 'Hpd- Cronos. X ^Kp'xrjv . aicove <bi\6cro<pos. el Be ovk eTriaraade. ^ovctl AY/idTi ficopovs piaivovaiv tepees. orav Bvaderyjawcriv. padelv eBet TrpwTov. /cal el /car eiceZvov toiovtos el rjv 6 'Pcopaios. ex.X&j irr/Xov KaOaipeaOai. — TOi? ev Ae\<f>ols i e p e v cr i v .ev v . el ye pa0r]Tt]s TlvOayopov eyevero. aLa p. dX)C ov&e 'E0ecrtof9 eiretae prj 7r?.ds %eipov eavrwv al Trokeis expvaiv. elra dp%eiv. vp. ZdpoXgis top 'xpbvov dvrjp r)v /cal cfriXoaocpos. dp-^ere irpcorriv. kt) . ura 0avpdrives. tovs pev yap ttovovs dvidai. to epTTL7r\ao~0ai Be av^ovaiv. irodev al iroXeis arvy^ovaiv. ?]v <y fxeydXa kXcitos ttjs dpaOias.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS #£". — ft a a i\el dyadbs ^ kv 9 wv . tovt- K0 . Be virep eXevdepias oiei dyoiva koX ttovov eariv eXevdepos. — t a pi a is Bia. 428 .

he But him. they promote gluttony. to that you think you ought is for freedom struggle and make endeavour. —To the King of the Scythians. why are the under your regime ? But if incessantly declining and you do not understand. You hold the highest office of the realm. make yourself known as a philosopher. Zamolxis was a good man. then to govern. a philosopher. —To the Roman Qcaestors. 429 . The visited some people ask and then priests defile the altar with blood. Heraclitus was wise. his time the Roman had been such as he would have been glad to be friends with if it And if in is now. —To the Priests in Delphi. . when they have courted O what folly and displeasure on the largest scale. but not even he d ulness could persuade the Ephesians not to purge away mud with mud. Festivals lead to epidemics for although they men after their toil. If then cities you understand how to govern.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS XXVII. man. ! XXVIII. that is to say as a free . refresh —To a Legislator. and inasmuch as he was a disciple of Pythagoras. in amazement why our cities are with calamities. XXIX. XXX. you ought first to learn.

vovs vov<. 'Eyevop. TOi? iv Moi>0"€l6) cr 0<f) 1$. 430 dWd %p6vio<> cov iv 'EWaSt. Oi TralSa vp.oi (pi\oa6<pa>v. — IL <p e a l (ov ypapLp-arevaiv. ol Oeol 7rlareco<.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS Xa. ov ravra.(ov Trarepcov heovrai. et to acTiov. \ft . ol dv8pes upyovrwv. .T]v iv "Apyei Kal ^>cokl8l Kal AoKplBi Kal iv Hucvtovi Kal iv 'bleydpois. ol veoi yepovTtov. KoiTTeiv. cov a<£' epoiTO. Trepi- TTarwv iveitj AiOoov iv iroKei Kal ypcupcov 7toikI\(ov kcu Kal dedrpcov ovBeV o<pe\o<>. zeal 8ia\ey6p. idv 8e Ta? pi^at. —M i\t] a i o i <? . ol <pi\6- aocpoi Oeoov. \y.a)v. \8' . — 8 ioi/cr)Tcti<. el p.' icrre. iyco (ppdcrai/x dv vplv re Kal Movcraw i/3app3apco0r)v ov ^povio<. ai yvvaiKe? dvBpcov.o<i. ri ovv. oi hpyovTes tcl vop. irpoyovcov dyaOtov irapovra /xiaetre.i] Kal vop. ol vop.i]v iKei.evos tocs epLTrpoaOev %povoi<i Tt? i7rauadp. (puofievcov eVt /3~\. dypiwv 8ev8pcov 'A a t a ? . RWdBos.dftij tol»9 k\ci8ov<. he Kal vo/io? irepl tovtcov iartv. Tt 6<pe\o<.

It is no use decorating your city with statues and elaborate pictures and promenades and theatres. Why so? If anyone asks me the reason. I —To the Wise Men in the Museum. For although good sense and law may accompany these. your present estate you may well laws. —To the Scribes of the Ephesians." but by long sojourning in her midst. your Your ancestors philosophers gods. were good men . they are not the same thing. have been in Argos and Phocis and Locris and in in Megara." : not sojourning outside Hellas. your gods faith. Your your children lack fathers. your youth lack old rulers. I must reply to you and to the Muses in the words of the poet " I have been turned into a barbarian.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS XXXI. I have ceased to do so Sicyonand any more. What trees is the use of cutting off branches of wild ? whose growth does harm. "by long 431 . — To the Procurators of Asia. XXXIV. unless there is good sense there as well and law. Wthe.and after holding public lectures in the past in those places. when you leave the roots alone XXXII. your husbands rulers your laws philosophers. — To the Milesians. your wives husbands. men. XXXIII.

43 2 . crov o~Ta\el<. fir) &r) togovtov ha rjficov avaio~6rjTelv iiriTpeTre r)fid<.eiovp. dp. eVi Ovpai Ta9 efids.OGO<f)OV. Kal. OfLOpOL' TOV <pl\. —'E g t i a I oo L . epovGiv diravTes ol ugtikoI /cal ol fieToi/coi' <papp. v7ro\afi'iva <pi\oGocpov<. Xr'. *Hz> Hpa^iTeXtjs XaA. apeTrj. V7T0 tov cf)i\oa6(pov Kal dyaivodeTov (frovov S' rjv fiiG0b<. Kal yap aXo~yj. firjoe dirohrjfielv rjfias fivr)fii)v Sid y^pi]p.evov Se p.d/c(p.lv d\\i]\oi<. Trap' ol? icai o tt\ovto<. iroWd/as evepyerj^ eyevoftifv gov.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS Xe . tlvo<.}? tov crov Seoofievos f) yvvaitcos Koivoivia. TW aVTU). ipovGi Kal oi Kal 6 fliapOS TW TTTCOfiaTl tov 7rar/309 eirofievos eKXaiev.t?) twv avoi')Twv \oya>. ivavTKJojaia. Tol$ avToOi. av%avop. \£'. evlcov. Et TTVvQdvOLTO YLoptvOlcOV Ti9. 7TW9 O VtUGGOV 7raTr)p direOavev. 7T09. twv t.. ^Aperr] /ecu ^ptjfiaTa Trap iip. Sovtos. fii]oe fSdveiv fidXXov r) tt\ovg'lov<.evov yap to erepov av^et to 7rw9 ovv Bvvotov eTepov. —K o p iv 6 L to Bacrcro). ap€Tr)v denra- aafievav. tS> ttXtjv el /. 'IgO/xlcov. fiiape Baace. p.(poT€pa irepl tov clvtov yeveaSai.GTOV coicelv./aSei>9 fiatvofievos dvOpwoSto? rjXOe 7roT€ ^Kpijpr]*.eiol.aTa eavTcov KaTaXeLTrcoGi.

How then can both at once be united in the same man. who take wealth even for virtue ? Do not then allow men here to misunderstand me so profoundly. — To : the same. citizen and sojourner in the land alike. I account it most disgraceful that I should be held to travel abroad in search of money. I had on many occasions been your benefactor. F F . nor permit them For to consider me rich rather than a philosopher. XXXVII. you a philosopher and president of the Isthmian games. and it was yourself who sent him.— To . came with a drawn sword to On one my door . If any Corinthian asks. Virtue and wealth are with us most opposed to one another for a diminution of the one leads to an increase of the other. And. in order to leave a monument of themselves. Bassus. except in the imagination of fools. what did the father of Bassus die of.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS XXXV. you foul wretch. And this wretch wept as he 433 followed his father's bier. and an increase to a diminution. will answer By poison. when there are some who. Praxiteles of Calchis was a madman. II. Hestiaeus. VOL. XXXVI. occasion he —To Bassus of Corinth. have not even embraced virtue. But the reward you were to give him for murdering me was access to your own wife. everyone. And who administered it ? Even the neighbours will tell you : The philosopher.

7rota? yap dp€Ti)<. omjt dpveladai ti rcov drurrcov Bi \6'. koX OpacrvTepai. Ta9 Be Ovyarepas vpwv teal Ta? yvval/ca<. ap o e a iv.6BBapoi. . — r oT? avr ols. teal evrv^elTe yiveaOai tovtcov agioi.dro)v vpwv KoBBapoi. ovBels yap ovBevl tG)v auroOi evvoiav. eW\ ore tcov evavrlcov rayp-drtov 01 7r\elcrT0i. pLCt .ara twv Tayp. rives tovto (f>?]crovcn irepl ioiv ev z. AtV^pa icai ra 6vop. — TO 19 aVTOt<f. p!'. irpcorov pev on ol/cerai. icdicelvoi yap 6p. koX Rvpialravpoi. 434 . el Be /caKLas (frepecrde to. raina Tot? tckvois tLOeaOe ra Trpcora. iravres vfi ev (pepeade. vp. rwv yap avrcov raypdrcov elal teal avrai.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS A?.dpBeaiv.ola><. 01 ev XdpBecriv. ttojs dv irpoaayopevone.iv diro yevovs. irpoira. Ov&e rous oiKeras vplv evvoeiv ec/cos. K. 'Aperfjs fxev vplv irpwrelov ovk eari. T0t9 a-VTOLS. czvpioiTavpoL. — t 019 €V Z. <pi\o$. .

To THE SAME PEOPLE. You award no prizes for good qualities. like yourselves. 435 F F 2 . XL. To THE SAME PEOPLE. To THE SAME PEOPLE. no one is the themselves. and you are lucky to be worthy of them.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS XXXVIII. have their pedigrees. the first names you give your children. —To the People of Sardis. For they too. you would all win it at once. Coddari.will the most monstrous charges. and secondly because most of them belong to castes opposed to your own. friend of another. These are witness the Coddari and the Xurisitauri. XXXIX. for what good qualities have you ? But if you were inclined to compete for the first prize in vice. You cannot expect even your servants to be wellwishers of yourselves. XLI. and are more froward than yourselves. firstly because they are servants. Who is it that says such things about the people of Sardis ? The people of Sardis For of the people there. The very names of your social orders are disgusting. and Xurisitauri. And how are you going to call your daughters and your wives ? For they too belong to the same castes. to the extent of denying out of good.

Et \eyei Tt9 elvcu p. X^yfrerai Beopevos. 43 6 . ^coa KTeiveiv. eppcoaOe. rtvcov Be kcu 9eov.Se eBeiv <Tap/ca<.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS 7 /AyS . eirel 7rco9 civ pov KareyivcoaK€T€ xaXeTrijv KUTayvcocriv &>9 v7rop. i] rov tcov e\ev6 epcov ovopd^ecrOcu yevovs. — 'E a t i a i &) Tw d Be\ cf> co. co$ elpi dpeivcov 7roWcov \6yovs re kcu r)9o<. yeyove cpavepov. 'EaP T£9 'AtToWcOVLCO XpijfiaTd BlBtp. KCU cpiXo- BiBovs a%io<i vofii&iTai.evcov.09. icnrovBaaa Xa/i7rpo9 elvat.ara cpepcov rpoTrov re kcu tycvBcov cpuXaKTeos ttXcirjffovs kcu \6<ycov aWoTpiov (SLov Triariv.eveiv evBov.. tovt\ &)9 yap ovS" vpcv rots dBeXcfrols. —T ol 9 olrj cr ia ocp o i$. ap.». Bi fjv e^atperco*.icrov<.ovi] i] ^XP 1 Trarpls dyvoel. p. /x. diraOii^ eivai cpOovov Bia/SoXijs KCLKor)6eia<i p. vvv el pe tcov aWcov dvOpcoircov laodeov r)yovp. rijv opco.o<. \eyirco kcu pvr) diteyeaOai \ovrpov ttcivtos. kclv BerjTCU. Tt Oavpaarov.v7jaeco<.y . UXa T CO V IK t 9. eyu. pB' . crocpias Be puaObv ou Xrjyjrerai. p. yi'copip.. e^Opa?.

if is in need . XLIV. he will accept it. For otherwise how could you judge me so harshly as to need to be reminded at all my of matters about which. If —To the Platonic Thinkers. If anyone professes to be disciple. let his profession be that he remains within his house. country for which in particular I have striven to be distinguished. from all bathing. as I perceive. of slander. as the equal of the gods. Farewell. my What wonder is there in this ? For not even on you brothers. of spite. that he kills no living nor eats flesh. even though he be in want. Other men regard me and some of them even as a god. both in my language and in my character. xliii. that he is exempt from feelings of jealousy. — To Hestiaeus. of hatred. but for his philosophy he will take reward.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS XLII. to those who are puffed up with Wisdom. anyone offers money to Apollonius. has it clearly dawned that I am superior to most men. but until now my own country alone ignores me. that he my abstains creature. as about no others. in order to make others believe that he leads the life which he does not. and he conhe no siders the donor to be worthy. of enmity. even 437 . in order to bear the name of a free man and belong to their class. his Brother. For surely he must beware of carrying about a pretence of manners and character and of language which he merely feigns.

elre Kal JLWrjv. ph> ovra? 6eov. tfiacriv. /cal ravra 8i alr. bpco 6" eycoye rbv vopov rovBe Kal Sici tcov d\oycov ^cvcov TrecpoiTi]- Ihicov. ovk dv opdcos vtto- XapfiavoipeOa picrd8e\(f)oi. irepl cov pbvcov ovhe tcov dpaOeardrcov av Tt? irepipelveie hiha'xjdrjvai .' ecrri yap 7T&)? to avyyeveq dtcaTaaocpicrTov Kal irdv dvakXtjtlkov avTov rb w? oltcelov. Kal 7rdvra<i dvdpcoTrow. KaXcos e%ov ecrrl iraadv re yrjv irarpiha vopl^eiv. 6 'OprjpiKos ovSe ddavaaiav virb 6ed<. —t co a v t re. Kai Tavra aocpov Xeyopevov. eirdveiai he prj viKrjdev. \eyco 8e nanoi ov \eXrjdev TrciTpihos re Kal d8e\<pcov. pvijpara ovk e^et hei%ai ra iraTepcov. dXA.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS dpyipj Beopevcov. pids 8e vpas. co? cpvaecos. dijpia pev yap ovre X//A09 oure Kopo<. elre ftdpfiapos. &>9 av yevo<.'av . koXicov cittokoitcv irdv T€ fivdiov Trapaauperai pev virb tov cpepovros. ovra><. '08ucrcreu9.evo<. to kav irdvra to. rjveyKev dvdpwnov. hihopevrjv 'lOa/cys Trpovr/prjcrev. biroaov ttttjvov. ne'iTi- ojevpeda 43S 6° jjpeis (f)i\oaocpeiv. Kowcovlas 8" ovcrrjs \6yov re 7tovtI koX oirri Tract Kai iraOcov t/}? avrfj<. era rovrcov rj cpvcri<. Tt<? ' ye Kal ottco^ av tvxu yevop.. pe. dXXo)<i re Kal avOpooiros. dSe\(pov<i Kal cpikovs. Xonrd yfj irdcra napeyr). ov ydp.. Et tcov ovtcov to TipicoraTov <pi\ocrocf)ia . eTreicrev k^co cpcoXecov peivai. Kora.

and though the fishermen may drag the tenants of the deep from their lair. philosophy be the most precious thing in and if we are convinced that we are philosophers.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS the dullest persons are likely to resent instruction. And man is one of these creatures that nature hath so produced. So the Odysseus of Homer. yet they will return unless they are overcome. which is the same. that this law pervades even the animal kingdom for there is not a single bird that will sleep away from its own nest. even though he bear the name of sage. and that there is a communion of each and all in speech. so long only as he is a man. but can never call up before his eyes the sepulchres of his fathers. to Ithaca. whether he is barbarian or whether he is Hellene. 439 . and a familiarity which attracts to itself everything that shares it. But there is. for whom all the earth . did not prefer even immortality. If To THE SAME. a kinship which over-rides philosophical theory. to wit about country and brethren ? Nevertheless you must be aware that it is a noble thing to regard the whole earth as your country and all men as your brethren and friends. may supply evei'ything else. as they relate. no matter how or where a man has been born. it must be admitted. and likewise in feelings. that they are of one nature. XLV. and that for a mean and illiberal existence. As for wild beasts neither hunger nor satiety induces them to remain outside their holes. when a goddess And for my own part I notice offered it. seeing that they are the family of one God. we cannot rightly be supposed to hate our brethren.

fi^'. dvhpbs ov hoKovvros. evXoycorepov av elr] rrpbcpaaiv p. — on — crvy^copou] hraveifu Kal cplXois av eir]- yap av avp. aXXa ovros. Kal bv evxofiai p. fxrj ei Tophie.f3aXa)v to?? iv 'P6h(o 7rpo? vftd<i fier oXlyov eKeldev \jjyovTOs capos. tovtcov he Kal irplv f] Karatppovelv. he Taireivos. Kal (j>t\ocro(f)eiv eirecpdipLeda ware rov pi] ypdcpeiv virovoeiv. xpr/pdroov yap V v^o\{r[a. opa h>].FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS dyevvi] re 8/]7rov dpa iV X^P dveXevOepov.—Tvavetov r rj fiovXf] K al t a> h-qpuw. /^r .eTaire'p. aairaaai rov vlbv 'ApiaroKXeihrjv. el irpos eva iroXei irpeTrwhearepov av eavTt]<.Trono iroXir^v Kal bv . UpoardrTOvaiv vplv yap 440 hi] etravievai irelQopLai. HhiKrjaOac (paaiv 'Eariaiov virb gov Kal Tavra cf)l\ov yeyovoros.ev irepav ypdcbcov i^vXarrop-^v yap dXijOi] yjrevht] dXa^wv hoKelv. rovro eh]. —F o ph l ft). o>v e/cdrepov eiria^ dviapbv dhe\(pois re vvvl pkinoi Kal tovto hr]Xw iaco$ to hatpovtov (})t\oi9.rj av o ->)aua veo<i ap^e/jLirjos.. irelpav Xdftrjs ye av twos cpiXos. eveKa t*/u% p. 7rapa7rXt]aiov aoi yeveaOai.

give you. friends in Rhodes. My greetings to your son. as a pray. reason. For in fact I was as much afraid to write you the truth. I will. Aristocleides. never resemble yourself. lest you find yourself in conflict not with the semblance of a man. money . as to write you less than the truth. You command me and I obey. to return to you. For the greatest compliment a city can pay to one of its OAvn citizens is to recall him in order to do him honour.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS appears our misunderstanding is on and that is something which . • For it the point of . — To Gordius. And during the whole time that I have 441 . after meeting my thence. If heaven should perhaps consent. Beware then. my Gordius. I And yet you. were beyond reproach. we tried to despise. XLVI I. young man. Avho may. if indeed you are the friend of anyone. because you might think me boastful. and return to spring. for fear you might think me over-humble and both of these things are equally annoying no less to brethren than to Now however I have this information to friends. even before we became philosophers and therefore it is more likely and reasonable that you should suspect me of having neglected to write to you for some other reason than that. — To the Senate and People of Tyana. but with the reality. Thea* tell me that Hestiaeus has been wronged by yourself in spite of your having been his friend. shortly depart you tOAvards the end of XLVI.

<pi\(o Be Kal epov.ov toi>? iroXlra^. p. oh]6e\<. —A i o t i p. eirl rocrovrov e^ijpK€L puovov Bvvdfiedi^ re Kal arirovBrj^. BelaOai r/v pi two? rj Trap avrov <Jov. e!'? Be ovSe to dvaXwQev ri rcov aoi crcorriplcov rro\v tl.ev. eppcoaOe..7j- Bt) Bvcrxepdvys. eirel p. otc Be toutov exco top rpoTTOv Kal ravTrjv rrjv BidQeaiv 7r/?o? aiTavjas p. -re eVa^e? el-new. d^ioi. K7r\avy]dr]<.aTos. f) 7r/5o? ov ovBev poi irore koivov ti yeyovos. ft)? ocraKts eBerj6i]adv tivo<>. egeari puiOelv irapa rcov ctWcov ttoXitooi'.olw<.oiov re Kal 6p. rb e#o? povoo? outg)?.iav. p/t) J . rov rrpoaeadai ti rhv aPXV v direBo)Kev ev0u$ o e'XaySe Kviria ra> (pl\(p crou. ev iraQovTwv p. ~)(apiel Bij p.r)Bei>a rjiricraro rwv Oels o e/io? olKeTT)? virep ' 442 .7] dpoi(3r]v el Be alrfjdevrwv e7nrip.eU v7ro\7J\}reo)<.oc rrjpyjaco yap p.FLA VI US PHI LOST RATUS aTreBrfpujaa Be el teal XP° V0V > cnre&ij/irjcra TTepiiroiwv vpXv. to <ye ifibv Kal to irapa efxrjs tt}<? cpvcreccK. f)v Trap akXov t«/o? 6p. evKkeidv Kal ovo/ia Kal Kal dvBpwv. Beovrw. ebvoiav Kal (piXlav iroXewv errKpavcov.rjBep. w. 6poia>$ Be el Be Kal pei^ovos en Kal Kpeirrovos vp. e'w ydp \eyeiv Kal 7rpo5 TravTas dvOpouTrovs.ov iraOoiv ev BL-% dva\oop. p.

by my sojourning abroad. although it may be presumptuous to say so. as often as citizens. or under like circumstances. but who have never been asked to make any return. Do not then take it amiss. good fame and name and good-will and the friendship of distinguished cities. — To Diotimus. XLVIII. But in fact. for having in the first instance accepted anything. and this And that this is my principles intact. even what I have expended on any object conducive to your welfare has been inconI shall be best pleased. with whom I have never had anything in common. retain my way. and also a friend of my own.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS been away from your city. or from any body else like you. therefore. if I have rebuked my servant as he deserved. I have. my attitude toAvards all my fellowkindness. striven to win for you. you can learn from the rest of the citizens who have accepted my they stood in need thereof. it is only myself and my own natural gifts which are capable of an effort involving so much ability and seriousness. and equally of distinguished men. and if he at once handed back to Lysias your friend. what he received. I might almost say towards all men. Farewell. And if you merit a still wider and higher consideration. if siderable. You make a mistake in supposing that I want anything either from yourself. because he did not know personally any of your servants whom 443 . you accept my kindness without incurring any expense For in no other way but this shall I yourself.

el£ov. dXKa Kal iypdepi] rd evavria. oti irepl . irepl IlXa- irepl Sco/cpdrovt. ovk e\l)(9r} povov. 444 .evm aXXwv oiKelcov tc Kal (ptXcov.d<. ri outo)? irepl tgovos. rj eVa%^e9 Xeyecv avTOi) irXeiov p. &>? dv e^o^Te? tl cvyyeves. ol Be (pav\oi tov evavrlov. davfiaarov . Tldvv ijo-Orjv. oti TayjLGTa. Kal ireireiapac Bi eiriOvpuas ecvac aoi dedaaaOal p. toctovto p. —^ e p ov k lav (p viro . 60 ev e^ov tmv avTodi.p. el Be Bvo \6yot irepl efiov XeyovTai. iirel Kal tovto.a. rot? iroXXrjv irepi(f)0eicriv aov ypdp.cvov Biteaiov viropvrjo-ai irepl epavTOv to vvv. ov povov IBla Ttal iroWdtcis. vyialveiv evyppai. irpb irwv irpoo~r]Kei col o-vp.paaiv yap OLKeiOTrjTa Kal yevovs dvd- pvr]cnv ei%e.. ti irepl dWa Kal Br}p.oo~i. avTos ovv d(f)i^opac irpbs vp. irepl 'Opcfreoos. \eyco Be tov \eipovo<i.01 irXi]alov yevop.ev(ov <rov iralBwv. oirov ye pvr\ rd opoia teal irepl avrov rod Oeov' dXhJ ol p. teal eo~Ti tov tolovtov yevovs KaTaye\dv. UvOayopov. avdy/a] yap irepl iravTos aKpov Bokovvtos /caO' otiovv evavTiovs Xeyeadai \6yov<. epov Kal Oeols elpr\Tai a>? irepl Oelov dvBpos.e Kal vir ep:ov OeaOrjvai.p.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS KaTa\e\eip.i£ei<> Be p. Xe^dijaovrai Be teal ecrvenepov. ' pud .ev dyadol Se^ovrai tov d\r)6r) \6yov.

— To Pherucianus. and with Socrates not only were contrary statements made about them. and we can afford to laugh at such people. with Plato. shock you if I speak more or more I pray for your good health. I shall highly of myself. in preference to any of your other friends and intimates. However. but they were embodied in writing as well.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS you had left behind. to circulate even in For it is inevitable in the case of everyone at all prominent in any way. . . just as bad men will accept the opposite. for they reveal much intimacy and reminiscence of my family and I am sure that you are most anxious to see me. XLIX. I am very delighted with the letters which you have sent me. contra- But that there are two and that they will continue the future. need I be surprised ? dictory accounts of . I mean the worst This much only it is right for the moment to sort. And you shall converse with m». since it is right that you should do so. and to be seen by me. that there should be. not only on many occasions to private individuals. 445 . but also in public. that even the gods have spoken of me as of a divine man. I shall therefore visit you as soon as possible wherefore please remain at home. and we need not be surprised seeing that even concerning God himself men's accounts differ from one another. impress upon you about myself. him in circulation. good men by a sort of natural affinity will accept the truth. accounts of me current. It was so with Pythagoras. when I have arrived at your residence. with Orpheus.

avTLKi]v.eya- \crtyv)(iav pLey-XoirpeiTeiav evardOeiav evc\>r}piav yvcoatv Oecov. T CO a VT CO.eyaXo(f>pocrvvr}v p. rocr(piXoaoc^ias eiX^cfievat ptcrObv avrd/cis /cal enl toctovtov /cal jcapa tocxovtcov /cal /cal irepl gov ireincnevKorcov elvat ere (f)tXoaocf)Ov. cCfCKo it aot vvv mpaKjeov av eh}' cpiXoaocfrias yap i}p. rts dvhpl UvOayopetco crvyyevrjTai. ovre Tivas tyfXovvTcov avrbv Bi€Te\ei<. irapd rod (fcatvoio ftacriXecos.rj- TtKtjv app. va 'ETTtTipLcocrt cro't —t co 4 avt cos co. —E vcji p dr rj. I rives. etSrjcriv Baiptovcov. oirep di oitov. o 'Ey yevet Baiptovcov S' /cal aocfxoTcnos TlvOaov/c yopas ovre tjv. ov S6£av.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS V '. ra Be /caXXtco p.dWov rj ^leveXdov JJdvBapos ev ifi rcov opucov avy^yaet. . vp 'ILdv . ov%l 446 . o~v ert fioi Bo/ceis iroppcordrco <fii\oi) aocptas elvat /cal d\r/0tvi}<. etXijcport ov/c xptjpara el /Li?. piacov. eiriaTijptr)^. riva avTOv Xifyeiat /cal o-rrocra. ovS' eTU%69 ov p.ovi/cr/v /jlov<xi/ct)v larpi/cijv. tracrav Oeiav p. cpair/v av eycoye' nap vopodeTi/cT]v yecoperptav dcTTpovoptlav api9p. /cd/ceivov /ca/ccos av rcov eXeyes.(Spores.

EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS
L.

—To

Euphrates.

Even the most wise Pythagoras belonged to the class of demons but you still seem to me to be utterly remote from philosophy, and from true science, or you would neither abuse that great man,
;

nor persist in hating certain of those who follow him. You should turn to something else now. For ''you have missed your cue" in philosophy, "nor have you hit it off" better than Pandarus, when he aimed at Menelaus, in the episode of the violation
of oaths.

Iliad

iv.

140

LI.

To THE SAME PERSON.

There are those who rebuke you for having taken money from the Emperor. There would be nothing
absurd in your doing so, were it not clear that you have taken money rewards for your philosophy on so many occasions and on such a large scale, and from so many persons, and from people whom you had got
to believe that

you were a philosopher.

LI I.

To THE SAME PERSON.

If anyone converses with a Pythagorean, and asks what boons and how many he shall derive from him, I should myself answer as follows he
:

will acquire legislative science,

geometry, astronomy,

arithmetic, knowledge of harmony and of music, and of the physician's art, god-like divination in
all
its branches, and the magnanimity, greatness of
still

better qualities of soul, magnificence, con-

stancy, reverence,

knowledge and not mere opinion
447

FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS
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Ktjxivdiv /ecu oiKoBopL^pbuTOiv kcli 7repi./3o\o)v KCU Be tCov irepiirdrcov iviois vfiwv nrpovoia, iraiBcov

ev

tcu? iroXecriv i) vecov ovre rot? vopbois fypovri?.

i)

rj

yvvaiKwv ovd^ bfitv koKov dv ei'i] to

dpyeadai ;
ve

.

—t w

d 8 e\cf)

a>

'AiroXXwDto?,

<Pvo~iv
/cat,

ex et T ^ v TeXeuoOevTcov k'/cao-rov dirievai, tovto iravrl yrjpd<; iari, /xed' o fit] Ken fievei.

443

EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS
of the gods, direct cognisance of demons and not mere faith, friendship with both, independence of spirit, assiduity, frugality, limitation of his needs, quickness of perception, quickness of movement, quickness in breathing, excellence of colour, health, courage, im-

And from you, Euphrates, what have your companions obtained that they can keep ? Surely no more than the excellence which you possess yourself.
mortality.

LIII.

— Claudius,

to the Senate of Tvana.

Apollonius your citizen, a Pythagorean philosopher, has made a brilliant sojourn in Hellas, and has done much good to our young men. Having conferred upon him the honours he deserved, and which are proper to good men who are so truly eminent in philosophy, we have desired to manifest to you by letter our good-will. Fare ye
well.

LIV.

— Apollonius,

to the Censors of Rome.

Some of you have taken trouble to provide harbours and public buildings and enclosures and promenades but neither you yourselves nor your laws evince any solicitude for the children in your cities, or for the young, or for women. Were it not so it would be a fine thing to be one of your subjects.
;

LV.

—Apollonius
it

to his brother.

a

Everything when natural tendency
vol.
ii.

to

hath reached maturity hath vanish away, and this is

449
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45°

EPISTLES OF APOLLON1US
old age for every man, after which he remaineth no more. Let not therefore the loss of thy wife in the flower of her age grieve thee beyond measure,
nor, because such

a thing as death
is

is

spoken

of,

superior thereto, when it is altogether inferior in the eyes of one who reflects. Make thyself then the brother of one that is a philosopher, in the common acceptation of the word, and in particular is a Pythagorean and Apollonius, and restore the former estate of thy household. For if we had found anything to blame in thy former wife, we might reasonably expect thee to shrink from another

imagine that

life

union but inasmuch as she was consistently holy and pure and attached to her husband and therefore worthy of your regrets, what should lead us to
;

expect that a second wife should not resemble her ? Nay she would in all probability be encouraged to improve in virtue by the fact that her predecessor was not forgotten nor wronged by neglect of her memory. And I would pray thee seriously to concern thyself about the condition of thy brethren as up to the present it is. For thy elder brother has never yet had offspring and though thy younger brother may still look forward to having a child, yet it is only in the far future and so here are we three sons, the children of a single father, and we three between us have not a single son. Wherefore there is great risk no less for our country than for the life of our posterity. For if we are better than our father, though of course, so far forth as he was our how can we not reasonably father, we are worse, expect our descendants to be still better? I trust then that there may be some to whom we may at least hand on our names, as our ancestors devised
;

;

45 1
g o 2

FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS
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452

EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS
these for us. For my tears I am not able to write thee more, but I have nothing more important than
this to write.

LVI.

—To

the People of Saudis.

Croesus lost the empire of the Lydians by crossHe was taken alive, he was ing the river Halys. bound in chains, he was set upon the high raised pyre, he saw the fire lit and the flanies rising aloft. He was saved, for it appeared that he was honoured and valued by the god. What then ensued ? This

man, your progenitor, and also your king, who had suffered so much that he deserved jjot to suffer, was invited to the table of his enemy, and became his adviser and well-wisher, his faithful friend. But
you,
in
childi-en,

nothing
hatred,
frenzy.

neither

And yet earth yourselves anyone from outside. bears you her fruit. The earth is unjust.
LVII.

your relations with your parents, your your friends, kinsmen and tribesmen, evince but truceless, implacable, irreconcilable and worse than this, unholy and godless Ye have made yourselves hateful, by crossing the Halys, nor receiving among

To CERTAIN LEARNED

PUBLICISTS.

Light is the presence of fire, without which it could not be. Now fire is itself an affection, and that whereunto it comes, is of course burnt up. But light can only supply its own radiance to our eyes, on condition of using not force to them, but persuasion. Speech therefore in its turn, resembles in its one aspect, fire which is the affection, and in its other,
453

FLAVIUS PH1L0STRATUS
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yevvr/rov

454

EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS
the radiance which is light. And I pray that the latter which is better may be mine; unless indeed that which I speak of is beyond the reach of my prayer.

LVIII.

—To

Valerius.

no death of anyone save in appearance is no birth of anyone or becomFor when a thing ing, except only in appearance. passes from essence into nature we consider that there is a birth or becoming, and in the same way that there is death when it passes from nature into essence though in truth a thing neither comes into being at any time nor is destroyed. But it is only apparent at one time and later on invisible, the former owing to the density of its material, and the latter by the reason of the lightness or tenuity of the essence, which however remains always the same, and is only subject to differences of movement and For this is necessarily the characteristic of state. change caused not by anything outside, but by a conversion of the whole into the parts, and by a return of the parts into the whole, due to the oneness of the universe. But if someone asks What is this, which is at one time visible, and at another invisible, as it presents itself in the same or in different objects ? It
is

There

only, even as there

;

:

may be answered, that it is characteristic of each of the several genera of things here, when it is full, to be apparent to us because of the resistance of its density to our senses, but to be unseen in case it is emptied of its matter by reason of its tenuity, the
latter being perforce shed abroad, and flowing away from the eternal measure which confined it albeit the measure itself is never created nor destroyed.
;

455

FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS
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456

EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS

Why is it then that error has passed unrefuted on such a scale ? The reason is that some imagine that they have themselves actively brought about what they have merely suffered and experienced because they do not understand that a child brought into the world by parents, is not begotten by its parents, any more than what grows by means of the earth grows out of the earth nor are phenomenal modifications or affections of matter properties of the individual thing, but it is rather the case that each individual thing's affections are properties of a single phenomenon. And this single phenomenon cannot be
; ;

rightly spoken of or characterised, except we name For this alone is agent and it the first essence.
patient,
all,

making

itself all

things unto
in so far as

all
it

and through
takes on the

God

eternal,
its

which

individuals, forfeits its peculiar Now this is of lesser prejudice. what is of greater is this, that some importance are apt to weep so soon as ever God arises out of 1 mankind, by mere change of place and not of nature. But in very truth of things, you should not lament another's death, but prize and reverence

names and person of
character to
;

And the highest and only befitting honour you can pay to death, is to resign unto God him that was here, and continue to rule as before over
it.

human beings entrusted to your care. You dishonour yourself if you improve less through your judgment than by lapse of time, seeing that time alleviates the sorrows even of the wicked. High
the
1 The idea is that by death the divine substance which was confined in a personality or name (which was the same thing) is released, so that where there was only a human being, there is now God.

457

FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS
apywv
fievov;

apLcrros, o?

av avrov irpoTepov apxV'
Kal

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rjKas.

458

: yourself. and there is. wretched so will you wipe away men's tears. Would you then learn what death is ? Send and slay me the moment I have uttered these words. the one who is just dead (you will ask)?" ff Yes. you have there and then made me superior to . 459 . . but exists by the very fact that it will be for ever." will be the reply of all who reflect. Reward those who have grieved with you. And what piety is there in deprecating that which has happened by the will of God ? If there is an has first moreover order of reality.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS command will best is the most important of things and he succeed in the most important office. Impious towards God. " You have no friends?" But you have a son. and unjust towards your son. Or would you argue that that which has no existence comes into being ? But how can that be " without the destruction of that which is ? Another might say. that you are impious and unjust. and you will far sooner reward them by ceasing to mourn than by confining yourself in your house. learnt to govern himself. who . "What. the just man will not desire to deprecate his blessings for such conduct savours of avarice and violates that order but he will consider that what happens is for the best. dispense justice and console the . Go forward then and heal yourself. nay impious towards him rather than towards God. And think what manner of consolation is offered you the entire province has mourned with you for the loss of your son. but the public to your private. You must not prefer your private welfare to the public. and unless you can clothe them afresh with flesh. "for that which exists is not lost. and if God presides over it.

twv irakai yeyovorcov. /x?) Treplepyos oi)« ay cV Tot? aA.\oaz/ irpaypuacn e'£t/ca£e9 £>tVat09. irepavels he f '. VIII. iroOev i/0i> aoc yvGopipLOS rjv 6 rjp. vTroteopi^op-evos iincrToXals /cat TOiauTa? ap%a<. ovhev. TrXeovegLas ttjv fyiXavdpwTriav. See Livy. £t<£e>9 Kopivdw Titua Manlius.aicov 6 evyeve- TroXecov apy^eis TrevTateocriwv <TTaro9. av- outo9 e%tyy uxpdrj e'f Tat? Ovpais rats e'/iat9.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS "E^ft? yjpbvov./]Ti eg cov ouS' ot/cia? Tt? evo-TaOuis ye iroXecov re teal edvtov. JIpagiTeXt]? XaX/aSey? irapa p. Xelirov. 1/ 8 <w p /3 a a iX cl ?y? . teaOieis.— E v *Hi> 0pa>7ro<.evo<. ouSe apyav yap ev 'IySoi9 Ba/3f\am'ot9. rf]<. £>}yLt09.. aireieTeive. p.era crov yva>pip. 7.. 'Vcop.rjv.ov. 6\6fc\T]po<> irapa aeavrov \a/3e to x Bpov. 1 <p p at rj . vB '. — BaatXev? Neo7ui/8 77 Ba/SvXwi'iwi' r a p p. oi'ne yap Xadelv av hvvaio. QaftovXXav av p. Biarldr]*. Et rpioi<. vlbv ib'iov cnretereLve teal o~T€(pav(oo~a<. eyei^ yvvattea epucppova tyiXavel. teal Trp6o")(ripLa iroiovpbevcx.erepo<. raura aavrov apgei. Se eireipaaa^ apy?)v ri]v ep. ' o ? 1 ?)?. p. 'ATToWcovtos el irapi)v. Tt? 'P&)yLtat09 Xva croiarj rov t/)? a-PXVS vop-ov re teal tcbapav. 460 .rj irevQelv eiretaev.atvop.

foi you cannot deceive me or take me in. —The King of the Babylonians. the King of the Indians. Garmos. If you were not of a prying disposition. Praxiteles of Calchis was a madman. you would not be laying down the law in other people's affairs nor as sovereign in India would you be playing the judge for Babylonians. aggressive designs. and noblest of the Romans yet this present humour of yours is such as to prevent you from affording a stable government even to your household. by trying to cajole me with your letters and by insinuating into my realm such magistrates as these. you have a -wife who is sensible. and indeed slew him after crowning him. and you try to cloak under the veil of philanthropy your own But you will not succeed at all. slew his own son. devoted to her husband . you are yourself sound in body. together with your What then is friend with a sword in his hand. in order to uphold the law and order of his state. For how came you to know anything about my people ? But just recently you have made an attempt upon my kingdom. . If Apollonius were with you. take from yourself whatever lacks. . He appeared at my door in Corinth. 461 . he would have persuaded Fabulla not to mourn. One of the ancient Romans. LIX. LX. — To Euphrates. not to speak of cities and provinces. You are a governor of fifty cities. to Neogyndes.EPISTLES OF APOLLON1US You have abundant time.

cr?}?. %a. iro\irav.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS Ti? ovv f) t?}? eTn/3ov\r}<. %KX>6r)<i tjv Kv draper i<i acxpos. %y.r^ <pt.6v to 1 'Kir oWwv i q> .cov eripLav dvBpas dyaOovs.. to 1/9 pypovs Kal to. — A eaftwva/CTi. o~<ppayi8i "ty?](piapia AaKeBaipLOVtoyv. 01 yepovres etreKpivav TvvBdpeo) elarjyijaapLevQ)' ralv eBotje reXecri re Kal tcj 8i]pi(p AttoWgoviov dpyalv TLvOa- yopeiov rjp. .Kav aperr)? ydpiv.avdpLG. aKeXi] \eiovs re Kal XevKovs.era^u ovped re cncioevra OaKacrad re r/xtfeacra Tt]<i re ep. —'A 7r oWtov 1 9 e <p 6 p i 9 k al AaKe8aip. aap.. el 8e HkvO)]<. ypairrdv Kal ^a\. &>Se yap oi evopu^ov irarepe^ dp.. on Kal %Kvdrj<.ov eiKova yap rjpiev AvKovpyco iralSas. e%eiv re Kal yds Kal oikccv k(ndKap. Tciv 8e8opevav Tip. atria.ovioi<. "AvSpas vpbwv eOeaadptjv V7r))vr)v p.(pcovov 6eol<i rov /3lov aipeovro..ev eyKraaiv. — A a kc8 a 1 p.r) e%ovTa<.dv croc direaraXKapiev r68e Bapboaia icaOcos ' dvrlypacpov tva 40*79. 462 .\oao(f>ia<i teal t?]<.ev Be Kal eirlaap. oaot avp. ov yap irdnrote eras f3ov<> rjXaaa. £/3'.voi to. eireirj pd\a 7ro\\a p.

seeing that between your philosophy and mine " there intervene Mad very many shadowy mountains and an echoing off »• sea. clad in soft 463 . with and legs smooth and white.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS the reason of his have never driven For I attempting my life ? your oxen. LXI. — Apollonius to the Ephors and to the Lacedaemonians. for your recognition thereof. And we have also set up an inscribed image. —The Lacedaemonians to Apollonius. according to the resolution taken by their senate on the motion of Tindarus. I their thighs have seen your men without any beards. Anacharsis the Scythian was a sage. We send you this copy of a decree conferring honour upon youi'self. and to bestow upon him the right to possess land and houses. then it was because he was a Scythian. to commemorate For this is the way in which our fathers his virtues." . —To Lesbonax. did honour to good men for they regarded as sons of Lycurgus all who have chosen a way of life in accordance with the will of the gods. LXIII. LXII. if he was a Scythian. but. which we have sealed with the public seal. " The decree of the Lacedaemonians. (( It was resolved by the government and people to make Apollonius the Pythagorean a citizen. painted and made of bronze.

efi7TToi Be ctvvolkol tc ovk av arepovvTcov yu. Ka\ei AvKovpyov alBelaOe. tjr .tr^09 r eariv. 1 Or perhaps ovopa signifies "a person. £O . i) ov fiefnrTol. avroOev to yap lepov twv airorjv 6p/. raX)C v/Aeis eaTidropes 6 /xev /ecu BaiTv/ioves tt} 6eG> vv/ctcis K^einr)? re Kal \rjo~Tii<i /cat dvBpa7roBto-Tr)<i Kal rraq.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS Kal \e7rTa9. fioriOov vfilv rcov vo/icov %6\g)vo<. €0o<. BaKTvXiovs ttoWovs zeal Aa/ce&ai/jLOvlovs eepacrKev. Be /3aai\tKPj<. Kal yjfxepas. 1 etc T/79 'EWaSo? "EWrjv ttjv ovop. ovk eireyvwy ovv tou9 \eyojievovs Trpeafieis. Tifirjs. dvr/p *ll\0ev (pvcriv.a ovk WOijvaios. viroBeBe/xevov. Kaiirep evBov del fievovrt. —t t 9 avr ols. T0i9 auTOt?. vrrohrj^a to 'Iwvikov. Bore fioi tottov. kciXovs TrepLKeL/xevovi." 464 . "E#09 bpuv d-nav dyLcrTeias.aviBaq r/fi(f)i€(Tfievov<. Be 7roX. el Tt9 uBikos r) iepoavXos. ovBe ~Meyapevs ye. —'E (f> a1 to v rots ev AprefMi&i. \a>ov 8' TrapoiKtjcrcov vjjlwv tj} 6eG>. evda pi] Kadapa'uov Berjcrec fiot. fj. e £V . rj Be eiuardXr) fia\atca$ 'xX.t? ov r\ Kal KaXetTe fie TroWd/cis twv vecov icrofievov. fie.ico/xevo<.

night and by day share the home otherwise I should not see issuing thence thieves and robbers and kidnappers and every sort of wretch or sacrilegious rascal robbers. XI. where I can stay without contracting a need of purificatory always remain inside. You invite and your invite me. . H H . —To . me again and again to reform your laws Now the city of Solon does not youth. are devoted to holy ceremonies no less than You to to honouring the Emperor. recognize your so-called envoys.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS tunics and light. for your temple is just a den of LXVI. though I 465 VOL. and shod I did not therefore with shoes of Ionic style. yet he had a better name. rites. and their necks bedizened with necklaces.—To the Same. LXIV. So I would have you assign me some place. though your epistle spoke of them as Lacedaemonians. . their fingers covered with rings. LXV. the same Persons. condemn your custom In general I cannot of inviting and being invited but I do condemn the people who by feasts of the goddess. and was intent upon making his home together with your goddess. To THOSE OF THE EpHESIANS WHO FREQUENTED the Temple of Artemis. Reverence Lycurgus. There is come from Hellas a man who was a and though he was not an Hellene by race Athenian or indeed a native of Megara.

—T paXXiav pdXiara ol<t. oirXa zeai irvp /ecu ol erepcodev eir^veyzeaTe. povoi Be vp. 'AretTat Ovovai to i/cerais te/>oi>. 6elo<. eXeovvres Be. toiovtois. teat ttoXXwv iroXXd/cis.. /ecu (fiiXoo-otyov dvBpa irpo/epirov vpeis ttoX- 'ILXXtfvGiv Bijpocrla tt to rrddripa epijravra poayopeixravra yevopevovs rovq 6 deos. veciirepoi re &)? zeal irpeafivrepoi.LV0VT0.wv Xeyerai SaXr)<. /ecu 0eoi<. rovs to re rj rrjv eavTOV itoXiv ezedarov Bitcaiov r)dos 466 . idv 17 /i(W TauTa. iroielv iXeyere creiapovs. avrov. ' %ff . d\\' eiraaxov p. TioXXol iroXXaxoOev dXXoi /ear aXXas curia?. ore ecreurev lead' e/edarrjv ijpepav. evxopevois vpvovaiv eXevOepois SovXois.. ^eicrpbos vpo)V ttjv yrjV ecreicrev. wv Beovrai zeal perd zcivBvvovs /ecu irpo zcivBvvoav. £1/. ra Ato? re teal Atjtovs. ou picrovvres dXXijXovs id>a.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS ££ . zeal /ecu Trarrjp i>p. "EXXrjai fiapftdpois 6 vopo<. — M iXr/ a lo t ? . dXXd Xdreis. epoiToxri trap /cat ipe. T 19 ttUTOi?.el<{ zeal 6eol<.ev yap aXXeov a tjtvxovv e% dvdyKt]?. 77-009 evi crvvercozara. 00 rrj<i Bripocrias dpadias. iiriyiveocr/ca) ra avpftoXa inrep(f)vw<. t«9 cbvaeis ovv evo? ezcdcTTOV a/eeTTTopai rpoirovs.

law is transcendentally divine. . —To the Trallians. Many from all parts. sacrifice. free men. Nay more. to suppliants. to see whether it is just or the reverse . for your public folly and yet your forefather's name was Thales. and "had foretold the earthquakes that have happened. An earthquake has shaken your land. Your to Hellenes. Alas. to slaves. some for one reason and some I then for another. both after danger and before it. 467 H H 2 . or sing hymns. and against such gods as people in either case must have. LXIX. Your temple LXVIII. flock to me both young and old. as has often happened with the countries of many other people. him. and I mark his disposition towards his own city. But as the misfortunes which they suffered were unavoidable. you began to accuse daily of having brought it about. is thrown open to all who would or offer prayers. when the god actually shook your land. scan the nature of each individual and his manners. as closely as I can. if these were alone. when a distinguished philosopher of Hellenic race had often warned you publicly of the disaster in store for you. against the gods both missiles and fire. I could recognise the tokens of Zeus and of Leto.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS LXVII. —To the Milesians. barbarians. To THE SAME PERSONS. so they exhibited towards one another feelings You alone have hurled of pity and not of hatred.

r)hep.d<. a>? dXXore a7ro8exop-at p. irapayu. o.?. dXX ovSe rovs t>}9 dp\aias 'A^cuoi. ov 'AOrjvdv he ryjv vtt 0770)9 8' ov pevovres.. eyw pL€vovTe<. KpoTooviaTCts TapavTivovs.eva>v erepcov tlvcov. Tcov fj. i) TLva<s aXXovs rj 'IraXutiTiov rjv to)v €K€i Xeyop.la pLTjhevos.ao-T/307ro9 Kal irpb Trdaa Travros. avvoiKos. to. oil <t£to9 irpb t>/9 X\ovw)(i. I oa . — vw a »T iv.evov$ vp. air a ecrre. ov yap e(f)v aocf)b<i igopl&vai t?)9 'ArriKr}?. — 2. 01 he tcaOdirep ev Tipxiup koivIjv vpucov rrjv Oebv N?. debs he ovhe ~Zovvcov eyei. i 9 • WOr/vaitov diroyovoi YlXdrcov cj)t]o-Lv. 6 rcoXat. irapa rals irvXats.wv. ov/c ouk "\wvas. 'EX-XaSo? &ovplov<.as iiraivelv Kaipbs dvhpa? re 7-01/9 ?)yovp. "EXXj/ve?. "EXX>]o~i 8' waireo 468 . 6 avKofydvTrjS irpo rotv ttvXwv. "EXXr/ve? oteaOe helv 6vop. 7tot av etiroipu.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS TovvavTiov.d^ea6ac 81a. vvv he fiovov vp. oV ov ylvopxti he toiovtols rj iroXv Kpe'tTTOvq twv irap erepois apery Kal Xoyco. yevq Kal rt)v efnrpoade* diroiKiav. (ppdaco' yevv<i yepwv p. Kal jjloXXov twv Trap ols yeyevrjvrai. avroiv ovopM^o/nevrjv.(bv.a/cpu)v rei^wv.a<i r) Kal irpo rov Ueipaicos. T19 ovv dvhpdcn wv yevos vpLerepov. ovhels 'Adr/valos.l# fxkv ttjv v<j> vp. Ka'nrep evSaipLovcov atria.ev vp. irpoKplvai et? r?]vBe ttjv rjfiepav ov/c av e~)(oip-i TpaXXiavooi* vp.wv ov AvBovs.

or Achaeans or lonians. . I will tell you. but Athene by them. to others of the peoples of Italy yonder who are called happy. and say how much superior are your leading citizens in virtue and in speech to those of other cities. and still more to those among whom they have been. To THE PEOPLE in OF SaIS. who is called Neith by you. . why. you are the As Plato says descendants of Athenians. the parasite in front of Munychia and in front of the Piraeus as for the goddess she has not even Sunium left to her. and why they have ceased to be. What then is the reason. or of any other races. No wise and aged man is an Athenian for no Athenian ever grew a full beard. and because you were You 469 . since you never saw one of them with any at all. own race ? I will tell you on some other occasion but at present I have only time to praise you. They have ceased to be Hellenes. LXXI. although I am of your . the sycophant stands before their gates. or Tarentum or anv but until this day. or Crotona. his Timaeus. so much approving of yourselves.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS I do not find that I could prefer you Trallians either Lydians. LXX. the pimp even before their long walls. though they have expelled from Attica the goddess you have in common with them. or even the people of ancient Hellas. To THE IONIANS. I yet do not take up my residence among so excellent a people. the natives of Thurii. think that you ought to be called Hellenes because of your pedigrees. The flatterer is at their doors.

tc\ Tr)s iroXecos Trpdyfiara ev vu> i/3a\6fiav. ijB*) eafiev iroppcoTepco avv Baifiovi. elBos ala%pov. a)OC v/jlwv ye ovBe ovofiara fievei toIs ttoWois. evBaifiovias d\\ inro tt)s veas ravT7]<i airoXoyXeKare ra rwv irpo- ybvwv crvfi/3o\a. eirel f3e)3uoicafiev. efiol fxaXkov ovojxa ^lifivepfios. 470 . oy. elBos avdpoiirwv. O iraTTjp i)fio)v 'AttoWwvios eOekeis rjv Tpls rov airo- MrjvoBoTov. vvvl Be teal AovkovWcov re Qaftpttacov fiev elr) Aevicaviwv tcov fiarcapicov. —t to a v t w. 0$ f . Beos. evTavdd irov aol acpaXj] Ta inro vecov KVfSepvcofieva. ovtco ical cr^Pj/xa ical to. o'l tclv 7rpd>Tav \e\oya0~ L Tifidv. av AovtcpLTios r) he ovofid^eadat Aovireptcos. —'E a t aira% 1 a i (p. ap^ec Be to Xoittov iraiBdpia ical eirdvio puicpov Bios. el twos av tovtcov yovos. 8' oi) fii) tovtcov fieipaices. el ye ovofiara ical vavfidywv ical ical voiLodeioiV. to Be avTOV e%ois. icaXcos ovBe tois Tacpois eiceivot Be%owT av are dyvcoTas avTols TTporepov tjpoxov r)v yevo/xevovs. UaTplBos Be oBevei X Lioipa 7T/30? TeXos dvBpoiv.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS eOt) /ecu vbfioi ical ykcoTra real /3t09 cBios. fir) ovofia fiev e%ois twos.

am far away by God's from my country. they now bear names such as Lucullus and Fabricius and names of other For myself I would rather be blessed Lucanians. but you wish to style Of yourself once for all Lucretius or Lupercus. right It is quite forfeited all tokens of your ancestors. —To Hestiaeus. but always ponder in my mind my city's affairs. which of these are you the descendant ? It is a disgrace to have a person's name without also having his countenance. Here then is what fear. The generation of those who won the first honour hastens to its end. lest should go wrong lives are over. Our father Apollonius had the name of Menodotus thrice over in his pedigree. most of you have abandoned even your names nay. LXXII. I I To THE will SAME. and a little we have to later on of babes. on the ground For that you are no longer recognizable by them.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS once on a time a colony of them but just as the Hellenes are characterised by their customs and laws . . their deportment and appearance. for our 47 1 . and in future it will be a reign of children. the state governed by youth but you need not fear. whereas formerly they bore the names of heroes and sea-captains and legislators. you have . owing to this recent prosperity of yours. LXXIII. therefore that the latter should refuse to welcome you even in their tombs. called Mimnermus. and language and private life so are men in general by But as for you.

vpeis 8e iroiw ireiroiBoTe^ apa Xeovri yvvattces.<piXoao(f)ov 472 . tcX^drjvai fii) irept.. av8pes. veoi irdvTes. ware av alpelaOai tl tcov 81 evvoiav. Qpa Kai \i/io<. Kcuirep ovrcov puev tw irarpl av)(yo)v %pyp:dTcov. oe' . O 7ra?9 AXvdrrea) acoaai eaurov ttoXiv d8vvaTOs eyevero xal a/t?^a^09. teal 7rapeyev6fit]v av auT09 exoov.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS 08' . a v to 49. TO I 9 2.(f)OTepoi<. dWd rj kcu irapOevoi ical 'Epivvwv vopbiaac dv tis 8e Bed ttjv ttoXiv ov%l Ai]p. T (O I K 1$. E4V09 WeXrjcrat.i]Tpo<.. irpwrov ovv ecpvye Meyapdoe avv 8e teal /cal ecjioSiwv evl fjLCUTTpoTrwv — — eireiTa eiceWev twv Xeyopuevwv epaarcov. 8e Tt'9 ovtos 6 %oXo<. teal v/xtv iroXepiov da7rov8ov ijpacrOe. yap ap. dpa rpocf)f]<. et9 iroXiv dp-^alav Te /cal fxeydXrjv dpyalov TcapayevecrOai. v7re8e^eTO oltottcov 8e tov oopalov Ei}<£paV?/9j nal el tls o/xoi&>9 ihelro rov Tore ica\ov. Kal-rrep wv fiaaiXeu9 re /cal K/3otcro9. tyXdvdpwrros' or • — to 49 . 7rat8e^. f]v Bacrcr«o. yepovTes. e8ei e/9 ^vplav. — t ot9 e v Zt dp 8 e ttjv a vv. elvai.

Then he fled thence and turned up in Syria. and his name Croesus. is quite right that an old-fashioned philosopher myself should be anxious to visit a city so old and considerable as your own and I v. LXXV. full-grown men and aged. nay even maidens and women ? One would suppose that yours was a city of the Erinyes For this goddess is a lover rather than of Demeter. Bassus was beautiful. but starving although his had plenty of money. though he was a king. that you should have embraced this truceless war among yourselves. LXXVI. sire —To the Stoics. and from anyone else who like Euphrates was in need of the latest beauty. ould willingly have visited it. of Alyattes was unable to save his own and had no resources left. — To THE The son city PEOPLE OF SaRDIS. of mankind. Well. without waiting for the invitation . It like —To the same Persons. I would like to know what sort of lion you have put your trust in. . and who was one of his pimps as well for both the one lot and the other were in need of food and money for the journey. 473 . There the pretty youth met with a warm welcome from Euphrates. and I would know what all this spleen of yours is about. Accordingly he began by fleeing to Megara with one of his lovers so-called. and was ready out of mere regard for that sage to choose for himself so odd an ideal. children and youths all alike.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS LXXIV. .

co p i fio i<. IT. & 01 xpciTioTOi twv oi diOpcoTTcov ^pa^v\oyd)TaTOi.evT] i) "^rv^rj to tov ctco^oto? avTapKes ov BvvaTai eavTrjv avrdpKrj Troifjcrai.e\i}aai (^dey^anevw TroWaKis. Kal vo/jlw kclI 6ew. kcu to ocrov enr ejiol ircivTcas av eiroLi-jcra. Ovk e7ri\oyi^op. jjvicovto. rj Am ov Bi <f)i\.eTap.e to \vaiov cpdpfiaxov 7re(f)o/3f]a0ai tovto yap eaTLV ILvcppaTOV.e efxvrjcraTe.ocro<piav elprjTai twv 'KvcppaTtjv. ov p. &>? ecprj ri$. p. ir e pi clvtov o~o(f)ol<. ^ipcoviBrjs e\eye p. o£'. elpTjpevcov+eKCKJTOV. tis So^y. <naai<i Be. vBcop.rjSeTTOTe aiyrjcravTL. vpo)v rr)V ttoXiv k'fieWov 7]8ei /ecu cfyvcret. 474 . T (O i CLVT&. <fi p cirrj . £i(po<. ira . iro\ep. el iroirjcreiv piav a><> v<$> erepcov ttoWwv.rj to Tlpa^LTeKovq p. avTw p. Kal —'Iap^a k al toi<> — ov to TavTaXiov —E v /ia off . orj..ov ^aKeTTcorepov. — <£ o iTT) rat 9. &>? ovv dBoXecr^ai el dvicaai. — Tot? yv he.. ovk av epaKprjyopovv.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS fiecvas.

. to be self-sufficing. war. and not to please Let no one suppose that I have been Euphrates. or with nature or with law or with God. (Cited by Porphyry. afraid of the sword of Praxiteles. I have said out of consideration for philosophy. Simonides used to say that he had never had cause repent of being silent. . —To Iarchas and his Sages.) LXXX. of light and leading use fewest words for babblers felt as much annoyance as they inflict. (33. .) if Men LXXXI. LXXVII. they would not be so long-winded.) LXXIX. And I would have done in any case so much as in me lies only faction. —To his Disciples. De Styge. or of the poison of For this too is the weapon of Euphrates. if I had any hopes of reconciling your city with morality. as some one has remarked. 64. 29. by the water of Tantalus in which you me. LXXVIII. The body soul —To is Euphrates. (36. sub fin. is crueller than .) 475 . Lysias. . though he had often repented of having spoken. 10. to —To his Disciples. 12.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS which so many other cities have sent me. To THE SAME PERSON. initiated No. content with train the not able to make itself (From the Florilegium of Stobaeus. which does not take trouble to little. Everything that I have ever said.

dXi]9eia yevvalov. T^9 dijvOvfitas to avdos fiavia. (pvcn/cr) vocros ylverai. avrbs Kal t% aXXi]s rf]<. T Ot? d V T 1$. to Be criydv da (pake?. ire '. 7rS'. JloXvXoyca iroXXa (TcfrdXpLcua e%et. aKoXovdov roiavra vpuv irapeyyvG). 7rr'. — M a k eh 6v i i.d%r)s paBiws ciXXois irapaivelv. To tt)<? opyijs irddos fit) Ka6op.evov. tt% '. —E I B o fi ivy. ^IfevBeaOai dveXevOepov. rrry' . tcivtt) Biairr)? oyv.e6a. —Tot9 p i fio i <. —'A p ar o fc\et. /xi]Be 6epaTTev6jxevov. — A r)\ y v a) i q>. 476 .iXovp. evTeXeai Kal Xirols 7ra^TO)? %p(op. a\\' oVa)? dappwfxev 7rpo9 avrd. ov^ oVo)? tois 'JLtyXcoactfiev ttjv avrdpiceiav.. MrjBev fie B6^i]re yap eVt t?}? p.FLAVIUS PH1L0STRATUS 7r/3'.

) but silence none. PERSONS. into of temper blossoms madness. passion of anger. (11. To tell —To Delius.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS LXXXII. oui'selves to be content not in order exclusively to use a cheap and common fare.) LXXXIV. and I suit anything. 14.) LXXXV. unless it is restrained by social intercourse and so cured. (17. Believe not that —To his Disciples. I lightly recommend to others For I myself live upon maize. to tell the truth noble. LXXXVL—To Quickness (20. (20. Loquacity has many (36. and I recommend a similar diet to yourselves. LXXXVII. becomes a physical disease. is a lie is base.20. but in order that we may not shrink therefrom. LXXXIII.) 477 .) Macedon. 28. - (17. 49.) We have carefully trained with little. 15. The —To Aristokles. the rest of my diet to this dish. —To Idomena. 50. To THE SAME pit-falls.

eoTepr)Qr)p.OVeVT€OV. Ov OptpjrjTeov o'toov <pi\(ov dXka p. r/3\ —A 1 ov v a I (p. r . a8 e\<f> 01 <? . i <o v i. <ra — rots tcaicu)<.ev. BiBaxdfjvai.€TU TCOV (piXcOV T7]V fSLOTT)V €/3lOTeV<TClpL€V. Ka\6v. OuSe^i £' (fidovTjreov dyaOol £wcu. I Ou Kci/xvet t« TrpdyfiaTa irpaacropbeva. p-ev <yap a^ioi. To /x. irplv iraOelv.r)vl<p.)) <yevecr0ai ovhev.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS TTT}'. KoWtUTr/V 478 . Oi iroWol 7wv rr]/xdro)v avOpoiiraiv Twv fiev ISicov dpxtp- crvvi)jopoi jivovtui. Xa T V O ft). to Se yevecrOai ttovos. i:0' . kclklh av einv^cbcn. OTL p. irrfkiicov ecrrlv <ry. —A a —A v a go. i)av)(ia. tcov Be aWorpioiv Karrj'yopoi. —N ov p.V7]p.

XCI I. We must not mourn the loss of such good friends. to have learnt how great a blessing is tranquillity.) XCI. is nothing.) A task once begun never wearies. 58.) LXXXIX. but to exist pain and weariness. —To his Brothers. as Satyrus. —To Numenius.) XCIII. 12. are as apt to palliate their own they are to condemn them in other people. (29. 35. . (124. 15. (23. (18.— To Most men offences. —To Dionysius. XC— To Not to exist at all is Dion. It is a good thing. but we must remember that the best part of our life was that which we lived in the society of our friends. 83.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS LXXXVIII.— To Danaus.) 479 .) they are prosperous. the bad live badly (38. before you suffer. 82. (58. You must not good even if feel men deserve what envious of anyone for while they have.

Ov to TrevecrdaL Kara (fivcriv alo~-%p6v. irapauvOov. <rr' . dWd ro 6Y alcx^pav alriav 7riveadat.apTrjpdr(DV ov/c dpyi^opevo? Trore id Stayvcovat rbv dfiaprdvovTa. —K o pv rjXiav o3. r/Si/crjaev. — e a lt rj t (p. 'O virep pitcpcov ap.a/cp6<. B/aa^u? 6 /3to? avdpco7ra> ev nrpatiovn. —A v k o) .FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS rS' . avv7rep/3\i)Tco<. hvarv- yovvii &€ p. re'. 480 . eXarrov kcu nore pel^ov r£'. —A 7] pbo k p dr e t. To Xvnovpevov dWorpLois Kaico2<. opeiSo?..

the it is short for is man who long.) him the ills XCV.) XCVL—To Democrates. and when in greater. IT. 34. Console a mourner by representing to of other people. 9. I I . when he has offended in lesser things. 51. It is not poverty that is disgraceful by nature. (124.37. but for him that unlucky (121. (95.) 4S1 VOL.EPISTLES OF APOLLONIUS XCIV.) XCVIL—To Lvrus. but poverty due to a disgraceful reason is a reproach. —To Theaetetus. One who shows excessive anger over small offences prevents the offender from distinguishing. does well. Life is To CoRNELIANUS. (20.

.

THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS i i .

*A// ovv. ovSev av elit) crrrovhalov 8o%o\6yei .EY2EBI0Y TOY riAMOIAOY T1P02 TA TnO <£IA02TPATOT EI2 AnOAAONION TON TTANEA AIA THN IEPOKAEI IIAPAAH*0EI2AN ATTOY TE KAI TOT XPI2TOT 2TrKPI2IN I cap. re /cal Si8aa/cd\a> rov Tvavea Gvy/cpivwv rrape7rpbs pev yap rd \onrd rcov ev ra> ovro) yap ei> e^eiv avr£> rov /caO* rjpuCov <£>i\a\i]0ei.)j avrov 'iSta rvyydvovra.acnv..ovovov%l voi']p. (peax. o-(p68pa Be dvaiBcos e£ erepcov ov/c avroU p. errl rov rrapovros laraaOai. dvarerparrrai /cal rrpo air e\t'j\ey Krai 484 . €7rtypd(j)€iv iSo/cei \6yov. KUKelvd ae rov avyypa- d^iov uTToOavfid^eiv. ftals tt}? dXXa Kara rrpo /cal pijpxtai /cal avWa- a7roo'ecrv\i]pLeva' a rvyoi t>}? I p. o) (Jh\6t7]<. a tw i)p. p. /cal Bias ypacpfjs. /car avrcov ev TrpoarjKovcn)^ S' tcaipov BvvdpLec ^Bt].ev av koX avrd drreXey^ews.erepa) acorrjpt.

embellished with this author has drawn between the pm<dethu many marvels. from other authorities. not only I may say in respect of their ideas. For already i n r i re t r answered "Lover otbyOrigon against the rest of the contents of the " for so he has thought fit to Truth (Philalethes). : admiration the parallel 1 which. . AGAINST THE LIFE OF APOLLONIUS OF TYANA WRITTEN BY PHILOSTRATUS. it would be useless to take my stand at present because they are not his own. . but even of their words and syllables. man of Tyana and our own Saviour and teacher. but have been pilfered in the most shameless manner. even in advance of any special work that might be written in answer to them. you find worthy of no chap.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS. little i . THE SON OF PAMPHILUS. been So then. Not but what these parts also of his treatise call for their refutation in due season but to all intents and purposes they have." etc. upset and exposed beforehand in a work which in 1 Or perhaps we should render "the parallel this writer has paradoxically drawn. OCCASIONED BY THE PARALLEL DRAWN BY HIEROCLES BETWEEN HIM AND CHRIST I my dear friend. 485 . entitle his work against us.

dvcnroBeL/cTCtiS a7riax^'P^o/. elfcoTws vvvl tcl irepi tov eireX /cal AttoWcoviov ircoiroTe iiro"^rop-eda. TOVTOVl eiricrice^rdypLeda. ev ocrot? elprf/cafiev. o>9 TvcpXoh 486 .ievo<i. a /cara) crvXhafiahOpvkovcTi. o\oi<. fi-riBev tl ctttovto. irpo\a- SieXvaaro. <rvWrj/38r)v oaa eh tt)v avTt)v viro- tw eiprjrai re e'(/>' kcil elpijaerai. /ecu diroBex^Tai Be (pda/ccov &>9 Oeict tivI kcxI oir\a yorjTeias crocpicrpacn TeOavpLaTovpyrj/cevai uvtov. irapayaycov Oecriv TravTL /3d>v r)fia<. <p ras evOvvas cnrapakeLTTTdds. okto) o~vyypdp. 6 BeBy]\cop:evo<. nal tcivtci /ecu dXrjOws eptjaiv outw? exew eTV%€ " dva> iriaTevcov. JI Qav/xd^ei yovv appi]T(p o-o<pi(i.FLA VI US PHILOSTKATUS cap. Xoyov irapdOecnv Balov ijyov/Mevot 7rpbs \017rd tcov eTepooOev fiova Be inrocreav\i]p.d%ea0ai. II Cap. a tow? > eV d/cpifies ra /cccO' Biayvoivai ex ovTas (pCkaktjOwi dvcnrep-ity-avTes. a/cove cj ovv. crefxvvvovTes tov avTah Be zeal ' Iyer ovv. <fiepe pLov-qv eirl l)flSiV Ir]0~OVV rod -trapovTOS ttjv Kara tov icvpiov XpiCTTCV TOV <Pl\d\7]6oV<.evcov avTw irapd &iap. /cad' rjpLOiv fi6va> tov<> yeypcMpoTas i^aipeTos vvv tovtco yeyovev j) TOvBe Te fcal 7T/30? tov rj/xeTepov atoTrjpa TrapdOecrh cvy/cpicris.puicri Toh 'Qpiyevet ypacpelcrt tov aXa^oviKcorepov tov <&i\aXi']6ov<i eiriye7rpo? ypafi/xivov Ke'Xcrou WXrjdr] Xoyov.

they run up and down their anxiety blind to see and worked prating of how he made the to : 487 . who in his comprehensive survey of all that anyone has said or will ever say on the same topic. stands alone in selecting Apollonius. as he has recently done. reasonably confine our attention for the present to the history of Apollonius. but to a divine and mysterious wisdom . We may for these are pilfered from other people. II I need not say with what admiring approval he at- cnAP II tributes his thaumaturgic feats not to the tricks of and blames the wizardry. he believes they were truly what he supposes them deifying °* have been.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS as many as eight books Origen composed against chap. the book which Celsus wrote and even more boast" " Lover of Truth/'— entitled True fully than the Reason. of all the writers who have ever attacked us." The work of Celsus is there subjected to an examination. though he advances no proof of this " In Listen then to his very words contention. " who in good faith and with genuine "love of truth I desire accurately to understand my own position. because Hierocles. will therefore ask you for the present to confine your attention to the comparison of Jesus Christ with Apollonius which is found in this treatise called the "Lover of Truth/' without insisting on the necessity of our meeting the rest of his arguments. for the purposes of comparison and contrast with our — Saviour. in an exhaustive manner and on the scale above mentioned by the author in question. has forestalled any solution of your difficulties which I could To this work of Origen I must refer those offer. to exalt Jesus.

rraihevaeois piev eirl irXelcrrov tf/covres.dp.vrja0r]v. rb 6" d^t]6e<.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. on rd p. iroXXa icai davpiaard hieirpd^aro. Bia vaiov koI 6eul<i cpiXov (pikavO pwmav. e^fj avyKplvai e/cdaT(p rr/v rjp:erepau dfcpifti] /cal fiefiaiav kcll i(f> Kpiatv tt)v ttjtci. TipLwvre<. /cal drraihevroi. rd rrapdho^a. /cal i)v rwv evapercov dv&ptov e^opLev yvwpurjv?' /cal T0VT01S T0V IT pOKOVVYjO 10V AplO~TeaV KO. oacp /3eXriov /cal avveroorepov rrepl 67rl fjpieis e/che^opieOa rd roiavra. dvQpwwoi yjrevcrrai rd Se AttoXXcoviov ' Ma^iyno? o Alyievs icai Aa/u? o (fiiXocrocpo? 6 crvvSiarpiyfras avrco icai QiXoarparos 6 'AOijvaios.ai puVi]p.piariavo)v Kovcpo rbv rd roiavra irerroi^Kora ov Oeov. dXXd Oeols Ke^aptapi4vov dvSpa ?)yovp. dvSpos yevTrpdgeis /mtj /3ovX6p.aaev Nepcovos (BacriXeiav Tvavevs.T]v^ elra KaraXeyei diro rrpoorov dp!. 488 . 09 e/c 7raiSb<i Kopuhf/ veov koI d<£' ovrrep iv Alyais t?}? KiXt/cta? lepdaaro ru> (piXav6pco7r(p 'Acrtc\7]7ri(p. dvafiXetyat irapaayovra /cat riva roiavra Bpd- aavra davpudaia" elrd riva piera^v eliraiv eVt" Xeyer emaKe^dypueOd ye pn]v. icai yorjres.evoi.7rdfcacriv. pied' d /cat eiriXeyei ravra /card Xe^iv iv "rlvos ovv eveica rovrcov e/u.evo<.e0a. ol Be oY oXiyas repareias riva? rov \r\aovv debv dvayopevovacy rovrois enicpepei pied' erepa cpdckwv " KaKelvo XoyiaaaOat d^iov. Oiv rd TrXeico irapels oXiywv rrou]aop. elrrep ?'//£«? piev row X.ev rov 'It/ctoO Uerpos /cal ITaOXo? icai rives rovroiv irapcnrXi)o-ioL K€Kop.I UvOayopav &>? dv dp%aiorepov<i TrapeXOcov eirifyepei " Xeywv dXX eVt ra>v irpoyovwv rjpioiv Kara r?]v 6 AttoXXoivios r]Kp.

THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS Then after an chap. and by Philostratus of Athens. he continues thus own ancestors. and by Damis the philosopher who lived constantly with him." Then he begins at the beginning and enumerates the wonders worked by Apollonius. of which I will omit the greater number. during the reign ofXero. who from he became the priest in Aegae of Cilicia of Asclepius. the history of Apollonius was written by Maximus of Aegae. men who were liars and devoid of education and wizards. who out of respect for the truth and their love of mankind determined to give the publicity mere when : : — — 4S9 . but only a man pleasing to the gods. there flourished powers. vamped up by Peter and Paul and a few others of the kind. the lover of mankind. certain other miracles of the kind. after which he continues in the following words "What then is my reason for mentioning these facts? It was in order that you may be able to contrast our own accurate and well-established judgment on each point. they on the strength of a few miracles proclaim their Jesus a god." To this he adds after a little more " And this the following remark point is also worth that whereas the tales of Jesus have been noticing. worked any number of miracles." " " Let us note however interval he adds as follows and more sensible is the view which how much better : we take of such matters." : boyhood Apollonius of Tyana. men of the highest education. For whereas we reckon him who wrought such feats not a god. with the easy credulity of the Christians. and only mention a few. and explain the conception which we entertain of men gifted with remarkable And thereupon after passing heedlessly by Aristeas of Proconnesus and Pythagoras as somewhat " But in the time of our too old.

Kal dWcov.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.e0a.la^ifiov Kal clvtov AdfitSo<." tov Ka&" eip)]rai. avvayayelv eavTOv (p7]aa<i. ouS' jjlovo^ irapa rol-i 490 . tw airo ttjS Wacrvpioov <yrj<.u]v o~-paTo$ ra cpepofieva iravra o/xov.L%as. ituvtcov fidXicrTa evTeXyj Te ^ evr V'i \. ti)v e£ efcelvov fiera avvovalav fipayka tojv Kara fiepos avrw ireirpayXOrjvalo'i <t>i\op. ravra rjfiow avrols '\epoK\el tw iTriyeypcupon Q> 1X0X^67) \6yov prjfiaatv Ill c ^- Aa/xt? fxkv ' KiroXkwviw ovv 6 ra 7ro\\a ^vvht. opfioofievos. r?}? t'St'a? IV CAP. \a6elv. cnro re tcov y.iv(ov dveypci^raro. iv ovv e^ov Tr)n eTriKaT7]yopov/xev7]v i]/jlo)v ev^epeidv Te Kal KovcpoTrjTa Kal ttjv tov <£>i\a\oif T"'' lu <^ ^ 'f- v \ » ' t « ijdow. ovx deioTepos ovK ottoIos OavpiaaicoTepd Te Kai 7r\eia) tws: hieirpd^aTO irapdZo^a. %&)pa? aina tov dv&pbs avru> oe Ma^t/io? laroprjcrev. tiKpi/3)) Kal fiefiaiav £<j> eKctaTtp irapadetvai oo~tl<. (pipe 8ia7rvOojp. 6 ye /.o~Topiav ttjv diro yevicrecos Kal ^XP tov Kara tov ctvopa fiiov TTeiroii]Tai. yeyovei.arpi^a<. 1. Kpiaiv. eVt avToOt re yevopkvr\v KOfAibf) irpc-jTOV GVfjLp.

" These are the very words used by Hierocles in his treatise against us which he has entitled " Lover of Truth. IV If then we may be permitted to contrast the chap." let us ask at once. he came into contact with L e o f him and he wrote an account of his intercourse Apollonius with the person in question from that time onwards. the Athenian. Philostratus. Maximus however wrote quite a short account of a m . on his own soil. however. career. not which of them was the more divine nor in what capacity one worked more wondrous and numerous miracles than the other nor let us lay stress on the point that our Saviour and Lord Jesus Christ was the only man of .accom- founded judgment on particular points of the ^'^1." Ill Now Damis who spent so much of his time with chap.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS at once noble chap. they deserved to the actions of a man and a friend of the gods. °" r e s ° first time. so he compiled the most complete of this person's life. reckless and easy credulity which he goes out of his way to accuse us of. with the accurate and well. tells us that he collected all the accounts that he found in circulation.^ " Lover of Truth. 491 . beginning with of portion only of his history his birth any and ending with his death. using both the book of Maximus and that of Damis himself and of other authors. where for the Apollonius was a native of Assyria.

<i ereatv rroXepovpbevos. Tr\ei(JTOi.ecos ryv rivas Kal cpavXovs dperrjv emBeiKwrai. avrov Xoyov rrpovrpe^aro. ravra yap irepl rbv XiroWcoviov fyjrelv. dvoiirov pbvrjv Be emaKe-^copbeda rt)v ' dvOpcorrcov Kal acop^aaiv ecpedrre\avvcov Bid pbvti<i rr)<. ot'S' &)? rfj IBia 6e6rrjrl re Kal dperfj iratrav eacoae r?)v ol/covuevrjv.ev. p. crrcov tou<? p.ereirei.ova<. avefcaOev rrpb pbvpiwv oacov erwv yevopievois 'E/3pai(i)v cro0ot9 o Xp<crT09 rj^eiv awrrjp rjpwv Kal Kvpios 'h]crov<s et? dv6 pwirovs Kara deiav €ttl- Trvoiav irpoTretyijrevTO. ovo^ ClTTaVTCOV CT^cBbv elirelv dvOpcbircov.. Kal r?)v ft)? elcreri Kal vvv p. ovS' co? elcreri Kal vvv rrjs evOeov Bvvdp. jjlovovovxjl koX vrrepair odvijaiceiv eroipw. irpocniyopias avrov.vpia TrXydrj rravrayodev pLOVO^ 7T/909 eirl deiav eavrov BiBacrKaXiav TO)V 7TC07T0T€ eiraybpevo<i.ovo<z o~tb(ppovo<i (3iov Bi6ao~Ka\elov real e? rbv ovB' &)9 yv7]a[ov<i p. Bt ys ev0vvovp. dppi]rov tov 492 <pi\oarpdrov ypacp)]V.ei. piox^VP ^ Baip.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. . eXavvbvrcov enridrroBeBeiKrai deiq Kal dpp/jreo Bvvdp. -ty-v^als Bpevovras. i/cTijaaro (poinjrds.ev Kara Kaipbv eiraviarapevovs ainoi) rfj Oeia BiBaaKaXia paBlcos pbencov. rbv Be irayevra Trpbs avrov Kal rrapaBoOevra Oelov \6yov eh direipov alcbva KaO' 0X77? Kparvvcov T/79 oiKOVpLevrjs. pL>) Kal rb epcordv. dp^bvrcov re Kal i]Brj dp^opevcov.ra yjpovov crvvecrrijaaro. ovB' to? rcov \6ya>v avrov Trapecncevaa pbevovs. Kal ovrcos d\i]0el<. ovB' &>? TrXetovs eirl rbv t/}? Betas BiBao~Ka\La<. &><? avrfj rreipa KareiXijcpapev. Kpeirrcov Kal rroXv Bvvartbrepos rcov 7riKpco<.

nor that even now he displays the virtue of his godlike might in the expulsion. and still rallies to his divine teaching races from all sides by tens of thousands nor that he is the only example of a teacher who. of whom almost without can be said that they were prepared to lay down their lives for his teaching at a moment's call nor that he alone established a school of sober and chaste living which has survived him all along nor that by his peculiar divinity and virtue he saved the whole inhabited world. and by close scrutiny of it show that know 493 . of sundry troublesome and evil demons which beset men's bodies and souls. has at last triumphed and shown far mightier. by all men. IV by Hebrew sages who lived far back thousands of years ago. . by the mere invocation of his mysterious name. after being treated as an enemy for so many years. . and rulers himself alike. is So we will merely examine the work of absurd. subjects really sincere disciples. or even to ask about them. thanks to their divine chap. it . To look for such results in the case of Apollonius.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS was pi-ophesied. than the infidels who persecuted him so bitterly. Philostratus. exaggeration . I might almost say. . those who in their time rebelled against his divine teaching being now easily won over by him. as from our own experience we to be the case. while the divine doctrine which he firmly laid down and handed on has come to prevail for ages without end all over the inhabited world . thanks to his divine and mysterious power. that he should once come among mankind nor on the fact that he converted to his own scheme of divine teaching so many people nor that he formed a group of genuine and it whom inspiration.

ev(ov t?}? Kara rb i^iqraap.erd rwv dWcov nal y 6 A0T]vaio<. i) ftefiovKoXy/Aevoi vevopiap. eavrw eKaarcp Kpiais <pavepd Karacrrrjcrerac.ev ovv opoae ^wptav avrdOev SiefiaWev dv. Kai en ye rrj<i aurr)<i e^eaOaL Siavola*. errl rfj ypa<f>r) ov% 07TO)? ra> acarrjpL r)p. roiovros yap rjv avrw p. avrb Se dTrr)tcpi/3a)p. p.kvw^ p. "AA. a)? ov% on /ecu ye iv <$>Ckoa6<\>oi<i. rj Kara BoKel.evr) ev^epeid re Kai KOVCpOTtjS.ij AttoWoovlov rbv ' Laropias. ot ficopol /cat avroi'i.oiv &>9 i%0pbv avrS Kai iro\ep.wv rov ^KiroXkoiviov. ro 8 aXwOes p. eft avrb<.ev iirl rfkelarov tffcovTos. excov elvai 494 .wv re av.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.d0oip. ig ov pahiccs dv Karafj.ev Kai TQiV \017TC0V TUSV KdT ai/TOV TTai&6V(T6(0<. dX)C ovSe iv €7rieiK€(7c fierpiois dvopdciv a^iov iyKptveiv. r)p. aocpbv riva ra dv0pd>iriva rbv Tvavea yeyovevat r/yov/irjv. tov re <£>i\a\7]0ov<> rovrcov yap y)pXv 8ievKptvrj0€vro)V 6/xov. Xpicrriavciov aKpif3r)<. p£V €7rl irXelarov rjKovrwv. oaov Xpiarcp irapanOevai rod irapd rw i&tkaXyOei TraiSevceax. iyco he. cap. ^\aa<^>i]p. rd dvcordrco re real icaff" o\cov Siei\t]cf)6ro i.\o? p. eralpe. (friXoo-rparos.r] rificovros avyypcupecos.e0a 7r/30<? Trap" avroiiv e7riKa\ovp. a>9 i hacacm'ipia fteftaia ical.iov rbv KaO ov rbv \6yov iiroielro.

way we shall easily appreciate the value of the rest of the authorities. though according to the he was highly educated.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS fit to be classed. according to him. however. yet never by actual Apollonius was not among they sifting of the facts. my friend. were most highly educated. but even among men and good sense. we are accounted by them to be mere foolish and deluded mortals. l of integrity philosophers. as he imagines to himself." For such is his description of respecter of truth." of the supreme courts all over the province. . by way of beginning ctiap. passes on Christians. we shall no doubt obtain a clear demonstration of the solidity and. the affray. a kind of . was in any case no Truth. them with any For when we have thoroughly examined these facts. Another controversionalist. and at the same time of what they are for pleased to call our reckless and facile credulity. humanly speaking. would without demur abuse and malign J The laws liI the man against whom he directed Jus arguments. I will not say chap. much less to be compared with our Saviour Christ. used to regard the man of Tyana as having been. Nature on the ground that he was his enemy and adversary . so far as we can depend on the work " Lover of of a writer who. and I am still freely disposed to adhere to this 495 . established accuracy in the case of Apollonius. who though. of the accuracy in " Lover of detail of the condemnation which the who has at the same time taken possession Truth. I. In this Philostratus the Athenian among others. i it of sage.

VI IIC09 epo)Ta<.?/ (pOovetv. Trepa /jbi]8ev hievo)(\u)v to»9 irepl el 8' avrov fiv0o\oyiai<i. tijv Sl/crjv TlvOayopetov rjfiiv €7ri/jL0p<pa%6o (fci\6ac(f)0<.. 8' ol\i')oeTaL fxev ovo? avrl tov Xeovros eTracpvirToiievos heppei. yorjreiav.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS CAP. kclL . V7rep7n]$av rov? opovs <f>i\o- V7reprepa (ppovelv elre tl<. StaTeOeivTai SeCTyU. €Lre <$?iX6(TTpaTO<. ovaia? TrepieiXtj^oTe . o~ocpia<.iovpyelTai. \6y(p rj fiev itcrpeTrofAevo*. ^)i\ocro(j)Ov VI CAP.eLTe TJ9 crvyy panel's r) \oyoypd<f)0<? Qpaavvotto.oi<. fxdvOave' opoi (pvaeco'i dp%a<. Se TOVTO <f»]fll KCtl 7TO0€V 6p[XO)p. dyeipwv Kara are^vw^ civtl rd<.ol hi &v ToSe to tov irdv /jurjYdvrjfjLd T€ tcai dpxiTeKTOvrjfia TravTos k6o-/j. kcu /xecra tj/9 Te\r] tcov oXcop diracn.069 vop. epyois he ifkeov irpoacoTreiov fievos pi)p. ft)? aocpHTTijs Tis aKrjOcos yoijs avTO re tovto <f)G)pa07]<j€Tai.acnv e7ri(popTi^a)v rov avSpa.. KM (TOl TYjV ailTOS iflCtVTOV 7T€pl CtVTOV So^av eK0€Li]v av ipcoTWvrf (pi\oo~6(pcov /xev brw Ti? j3ov\oiTO avytcaTaXeyeiv tov dvopa. TTaVTCt OLKOVO- fiov&tjs TTpovola<i to 7rdvao<pov ftovXijfia 8ta<f)v\dTTOVT€<i. Aa/zt? 'Acravpios.. dXv- TO£9 KCU dpprjKTOl^.ov TeXea.€VO$. T?)9 TO. TroXets. /cat yu. 1 [xeTpa KaX 0ea/u. ftovXoipLrjV. dyooyijv. OVKOW KLVr}0~eik Tl KCU /X€Ta0€L1J Tf? dv 496 .

the place and order of anything that has been once . my own personal opinion of him. being limits and rules imposed on everything. and a wizard. to overleap the bounds of humanity and transcend philosophy.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS opinion and I would like to set before you. if there ever was one. or Philostratus. philosopher. For in that case his reputation for us as a philosopher will be gone. and we shall have an ass instead concealed in a and we shall detect in him a sophist in lion's skin the truest sense. 497 VOL. II. If anyone ask it. and while repelling the charge of wizardry in word. and they guard and observe the all-wise will of a Providence which dispenses and Now no one can change or alter disposes all things. wishes to class him with any philosopher you like. if you chap. Not so if anyone ventures. me with them. yet to bind it in act rather than in name upon the man. I am quite agreeable. I will tell you. whether he be Damis the Assyrian. instead of a . and to forget all the leg-ends about him and not bore . VI Do you ask me what I mean and what are my chap. using the mask of Pythagorean discipline to disguise what he really was. or any other compiler or chronicler. By these this entire mechanism and edifice of the whole universe is constantly being brought to perfection and they are arranged by unbreakable laws and indissoluble bonds. K K . cadging for alms among the cities. There reasons for speaking thus ? are bounds of nature which prescribe and circumscribe the existence of the universe in respect of its beginning's and of its continuance and of its end.

y rv XV fJ €T ^X 0V Kai Gto/ACiTOi. avpL7repnro\elv aerols iiriOvpLcov Kal p. e/j/rraXiv to Tctireivov Kal yewSes eVt to fieTecopov atpeaOai.a. ovt ovv rrapa Tpa(pev toi? (pvaiv 6 evvSpo<.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. etc tov v-tyovs to fieTewpov vTTOKaTa(3aiveiv hvvacrOai. Kal tt}9 eKeicre BiBdcKaXov avTco <pavP/vai o"&)T7?oia9. 498 . 8taTpi/3an>.t ovpavbv Bi. ovtc KaQi^eTat tosv ave- 77)9 iraiheiq.a ttogXv eirl ^. eirl ttjv yepaov ev fi€Ta/3a<. KefcpaTyrai tov delov vTrepavafiaivetv vofiov 7ro9. t) dvoias dpOels $>povrip.e\ayxo\las voa/]fiaTt. fiij oi>)(l TovirtTL/. oto) Ti? Opao-VTepcs fiaiveiv tmv eireKeiva eiri- evecni ttoOos. ovt ovv T(p cruyfiaTi 81 at/309 eXOoi iroTe twv enrl 7779 Ti9 KaTacf)pov>jaa<. dv 7repnreo~oi. opoLS TrepiyeypaiTTaL l <i ' Oelois. eVel iTTepov %a\do~avTe<. TavTtj Si] /ecu to Ovtjtov dvOpcoTrwv yevos. ov firjv /cat . oure fxeya TTijo'ijaas fierecopos Tt? twv eVl 77)9 dpOijcreTai 7T/90? depa.i]V eKelvot ye k&v eirl 77)9 e\6oiev Kal fiplo-avres eVl to kutw teal ttjv Svvafitv tov dvevTes ttjv (pvaiv.a> (pvaeco<.o)(j)povoi he (pep6p.evos. Kal rovro deiois Mpiarat vofiois. B' dv apTtoi9 fiev to o~cop. tyjv o-K>ipL7rT(ov' -y\rv)(riv Ttapaayoav.aTpi/3<ov eXOelv.Ti p. tijv e/celae Sir/ve/cr/ fiovrjv acnra^ofievov. Kal cpiko- cro<pia ev^aiTO Be Kai Tiva avvepyov ' dvwOev irodev etc twv ko.uov avTiKCt tt/9 Tt]v yffv^jv <fyiiCTU>v. t/)<> Ta|e&)9 twv aira^ Siaredetfievcov. fiiwvcu Svvijaerai tyOvi. ovre to ^epacp v&acuv iyfcaTaSvaerai. S ovv Oeo-p.

he is restrained from transgressing divine law by the rule and decree of So it is that the fish that lives in the waters nature. It is wisest then for him. although of course . Possibility 1 jescoidUiig to earth. waters. without instantly paying the penalty of his folly nor by spiritual exaltation can he in his thinking attain to the unattainable. and embrace there any permanent repose or abode nor by any huge leap can any tenant of earth raise himself aloft into the air. by depressing and lowering their faculty of flight.THE TREATISE OF EUSEB1US and if anyone is so venturesome as to chat. 499 K K 2 . without falling back into the disease of melancholy. arranged VI wish to transcend his limits. while provided with soul and body. and renouncing the for this too is determined by privilege of nature. on the one hand to transport his body along the ground with the feet given him for the purpose. he may well pray that some one may come to help him from aloft from the paths of heaven. and by relaxing the working of their wings. however much he scorns to linger upon the paths of earth. so that the lowly habitant of earth should ever raise himself into the welkin. . and on the other hand to But sustain his soul with education and philosophy. namely that beings able to soar aloft are able to descend from on high. the divine laws. from a desire to soar about with the eagles and in turn. is yet circumscribed by divine bounds. is unable in defiance of nature to change on to dry land and live there and on the other hand the creature bred on dry land will not plunge into the . In this way then the mortal race of men. yet the converse is not possible. . the latter can alight upon the earth. and reveal himself to him as a teacher of the salvation that is — — . Consequently he can never traverse the air with his body.

FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. 7ro\v ifkeov Be yfrv%wv. dyadbs wv.7rwv. teal tov ocSda/caXov elcrairov /ecu ev v-tyec /xi)v yofievw rot? fiadtjfiao-i o-v[x^>epea6ai. ov Kal avaitaXiv. dyaOw Be ovBels Trepl ovBevbs eyyiverac tpdovos' ovkovv awfxaTwv fiovcov. dyaObs yap rjv Kara tov TLXciTcova. fxeyav Tivd 6ebv dya\/u. Tovp- yov tyjs alBlov deorrjTos Kal els tov eirLovra o~vvopdaQai KaTaXeiirwv y^pbvov. Kal tov avco crvy/caTievai toi$ Taireivols. overall Bo)povfjuevo<t dvT iKjrjTTT iKals dicTtvas wairep tov Trap' eavrov dirdcrrjs . eppw\xevw yap rot irapaBeiy^iaTL.<f> auTov.v Oepus. twv dp. wv et tw evTV^Pjcrat. (pcorbs Ba>p7)o-€Tat d(p06vws. ti]v Buivoiav ovtos diroKaOapOels Kal tijv ttjs 6vr]TOT7]TO<i diroaKeBdo-as d-yXuv. detos aX. filas Kvpio? wv. Kal fidWov r'fkiov ttjv OLKOVfxevrjv KaTa\dp. Kivijaeie Br/r av ola tiiXlkovtos to irdvTwv dv6pwirwv yevos. wv av. ov /xeiov twv e£ dyjrv^ov vXrjs Bt]/xLOvpyr]fidTwv to t>}? evOeov Kal TavTfj 7rapdBeiy/xa (pvaews Trapea^rifxevos. avTas.y-eie.aro(popwv ev tj} "^v^fj. voaovvTi fiev tov taipov e7ri(j)0LTa. 6 ToBe to irdv 8iaKv/3epvwv eTTLpueXriaeTai.riOws dvaypatyricreTai. evepyeTiv ovaav Kal crwTetpav Kal irpovoriTLKiiv twv eiribvTwv dvdpwirois wore els ofiiXcav ekdelv ovBels av ('nreipyoi \oyo$ opw Oeias irpovoias Kal tovtov avyK€^u>p7]/jbevov. eo~Ttv ore. Kal yap'iTwv. tov$ fid\io~Ta irpoae^els els tt)v twv eiriTaBe awTtiplav Te Kal dvTiXrjyfriv eK7rep. oOev Br) deiav /nev (frvcuv. als to dddvarov Te Kal avTOKparopiKov TavTacs Br\Ta ola t?. yevoLTO. 500 .<? olkovoKey/ipicrTai yepas. evepyerf] ti)v cpvaiv.

for this is allowed also by the rule of divine providence . 1 as it is right for the physician to visit the sick. for the salvation and succour of men here below. he will. of this universe. but much more for our souls. in no less a degree affording an example of the divine and inspired nature than creations of artists loi . and no good being can ever feel any It follows that the controller jealousy of any thing. from associating itself with men. and illuminate the Avorld of mankind more brightly than the sun. and for a superior to quit his heights and condescend to the It lowly. as lord of the entire economy and of gifts of grace his bestoAval of which will benefit our nature. for according to Plato God was good. may well be described as truly divine. For the following is a valid example to use : chap. and as carrying in his soul the image of some great god.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS there. will not care for our bodies alone. follows then that there is no reason to prevent a divine nature. being good. and will leave the effects of his eternal divinity for the contemplation of future ages. upon which he has conferred the privilege of immortality and free-will. having cleansed his understanding and dissipated the mist of mortality. Of these messengers so favoured by fortune. anyone Surely so great a personality will stir up the entire human race. yet the converse is not right or possible. being beneficent and inclined to save and take providential care of things to come. and will despatch the most intimate of his own messengers from time to time. bestow plenteously an illumination as it were of the light which streams from him. and for the teacher to accommodate himself to the pupil who is entering upon his studies. they being able to appreciate his bounty. On these then.

t/}? icrropias rrjv viToOecnv.ei>cov rovs ttoh']- rrdpoBov rroiovp.ovelv. errirrjBeveiv. OV& dvOpwrrov kolvwvtou? opovs brrepficuveiv. VII cap. Tlva Brjra eladyeis.rjv \irevov. Ttjpei puoi Be' o\rj<. fiev dvdpwrreia rjcrat dv. d\?. i]plv errl . dvdpto7roi<i eVtXa/A-v^a- aav. tovtois rbv el p. «\V et? fxvpicov oacov dxf)e\eia<i p. r/]v re (pvaiv ewrXaj? elirelv vircp avOpwirov. ravrrj roi kcu rrd\cu crocpovs ty]\iord<i re kcu BiaBoxovs rijv aao-dai 7rot9 r>)s dperq<i dOdvarov rb &)? rrapea^rjpLevov^ KaropOoipux. ovyi Be et? alcova r))v dperrjv erriBeLKwaOai. p. dddvarov arr)- a^eBbv rcov avanjo-apLevcov ri]V p. Oeiav Be apa cpvcnv.evi]v . kcu rovpyov elaeri vvv imBeiKwOt tj}? 0eioT)]TO^. ical rj yap ovk drorrdorarov reKrovoiv kcu fiera rrjv puev olfcoSopicov erfl rcov Brjfjuovpyoiv re\evri]V rrov p.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cat.ev Bi) ' AttoWcoviov <f>i\o- w o~vyypa<pev delov kcu o~6<pov Kpeirrova.6voov ird\virpayp. ctkotigv 7rov kcu puvvvQdBiov drroreXelv.#&>9 dvdpaiBe el 502 . oi)S' av9 pwirov ovra rd twi' Baip.vr']p.r\Kiarov rovpyov Btap/cetv.r) et? eva rivd Adfiiv )) kol aWovs ^pa^el^ rrrcoxevov- aav row dvOpcoircov. vrrep S' aWcos ov 6epu<.(.6vcov. dirrepov eyovra rb awpua rd rS>v rrr^vwv (pvcris rrj<. ov dWd row KaO* ov ^povov eyvcopi^ero kcu row puerd ravra yein]o-o/.

finish in darkness its shortlived career. nor with its wingless body emulate the bird. of old raised up earnest bands of disciples. who continued their tradition of moral excellence. after shedding its glory upon mankind. I would ask you to keep being? % 1 to this point of view throughout your history.THE TREATISE OF EUSEB1US mule of lifeless matter. and raise as it were an immortal monument to the memory of and yet that a human their constructive ability character claimed to be divine should. -i . To this extent then human char nature can participate in the super-human but VI otherwise it cannot lawfully transcend its bounds. Instead of being so niggardly liberal to some one individual like Damis and to a few other short-lived men. instead of displaying for ever its power and excellence. VII In what light then. nor being a man must one meddle with what appertains . this being so. conferred on myriads not only of his contemporaries. do you envisage chap. the works of carpenters and builders should last on ever so long after the craftsmen are dead. and to point me out effects wrought by his divinity endurFor surely it is an absurdity that ing to this day. to demons. 5°3 . it should surely make its coming among us the occasion of blessings. " ^ . in a word as one loniusa in superhuman in his nature. my good compiler ? If as a divine being and superior to a philosopher. sowing in men's hearts a spirit truly immortal of progress and If on the other hand you attribute to this reform? for us Apollonius. but This I ween is how the sages also of his posterity.

Kal * * daXamov baifiovos ayj)p. ol rwv cpcovcov £vvlr]pu. w eralpe. rrj avrov p. ola Oeias ovra 8>) cpvaea><. t?}? aXXa Kal ovk br) e'9 /xaKpbv avTpjs icjTOpias avrco ' Ad/uSi." 7T/90? Kal rrdXiv ev AaKXr]iriov ripccop^evov rod 8ai/xovos.Tjrpl cpdcrjua i]X0e daXarriov baip. Kal rrpoyvcocriv (pvaiKtjv riva dbldaKTov eyeiv e'/c 7ratSo?.. elircov ov yap br] Kal rov- vcpr]yi]ri]v Acifiiv rbv 'AacTvpiov vrroypd-^rerai.. w? cprjcn. enrovcni<.a pii-jv darjKTai avrCo deloq avOpwiroi. ?) ovbev beiaacra tfpero avrov. Kpeirrovd re drexycos dvOpdnrov fivvai avrov e£ avrijs yeveaeco<. o Alyinrrios" ri]v elra be Xei/jutovci riva.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. brrodev pur] avro rovr rov eh] Xr/cpdev. Llpcorew. %api%6p. dvaXafiftdvcov. 6 be. efie.evo<. rl diroKv^aoi. VIII cap. Kvovarj yap. Kal kvkvovs yvvatKa [xaievecrOai ypdcpei. Kal 5°4 .ovo<>. fiaOcov ovbeuiav" " firj davfxdo-r]^. yap Kal a ^ attorrwaiv avOpwrrot.a re kcu TrpoacoiTelov dirb yeveaew. Kal. etrre- av be ti<? . eladyei avrd rracroiv ravra Xeyovraol8a rbv AttoXXcdvi ov " eyco.. " ecprj. Upcorev^ 6 rrapd rco be 'Ofx^pco e^aXXdrrcov. opa firj rrXeov. 0vr/Tr]v viroypdcpeis rj rdvbpbs ravrrj rrjv cpvcriv. 7rpoai]Ke. Blkijv drroiaeis rrapaXoyias. V 111 'A\A.

I : 5°5 . for I know what men thinking about. yourself of fallacy man with Vlll His hero is introduced to us chap. But she. that assisted the lady to bear her child. in token of his being of a divine nature these very words to Damis himself: "I my- though without . in a word." And again in the temple of Asclepius he was much honoured by the god. man." Then she asked: "And who replied: " " of " are you ? Proteus. from very childhood.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS a mortal nature. my companion. even when they are silent. of this. and is said to. asked him what she would bring to birth and he ." And then he writes about a certain meadow and about swans. which he did not We learn. who in the story of Homer ever changes his form. convict vn gifts -which transcend mortality. namely Proteus." he replied. further on in the same history he represents Apollonius as using. that he was born superior to mankind in self." And again he says to him " Do not be are surprised. take care lest by endowing him chap. For he says that to his mother when she was about to bear her But enough as a divine child. have possessed a certain natural gift of prescience. acquire by learning. who assumes from birth the guise and personality of a demon of the sea. there sea. understand all languages though have learned none. in no way frightened. you and miscalculation. Egypt. telling us whence he derived this for assuredly he does not attribute this particular But a little story to Damis the Assyrian writer. appeared the figure of a demon of the "Myself.

. \vaavT09 yovv eavrov 7rore diro 8tap. pi] on Oeia re Kal 7r&>9 fcpeiTTcov avOpcoTTOv. IX cap.?/8e eu^dpevov. eVl TeXevrf) 8e rdtfyov pev aurov pr]S6\(o<. yap Ovaavrd * ri. Kpdros Kal ij yXwrra " fcal avro) dm/ccos e£%e. " re Kal YYXdrwv <pi\oaocf)ia rbv dvSpa 7rpo(T€\ij\vOirai (p))(TLV. ^wp^crai he et9 ovpavov avTw cnopari ped' vpvcov Kal xopclas \eyei. etVoT&j? /'} 8?j ovv ola bv-ra roaovrov " Oeiorepov TlvOayopas 'EpTreSoKXi]*. ttol 7.\ei ft>9 dv e£ acr/o.?. a\V ovk €K (bvae(0<i 'Attikov e<? <fia)Vi/v yevopevov " irpolcov ti/v e's y\6)TTav . ovv hthacTKaXov dyei avTov. pi]8e elirovra tl KarayeXdaai rod Seapov.79 euplcrfcecrOai.Kpi(3o)<i ^wclvai eirj t?/9 i\.iv Sid T0VTWV dvayeypd(f)d(o 6 dvOpcoiro^.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS vm Kai ^' ^-77 ? VH'W T VS lcnopia<i v7roypd(f)et. e9 Tapaous o 7rarr)p pijrcop €K ^oivlkijs. (prjai yap re Kal roi. Kat o (pOovos aireara) T//9 twv (pwvwv ciTraacov tl 8P]ra avTO(pvov<.tto~)0\o)vlov (pvaews. Kal rov prjhepiav pbepaOrjKora 8ia/3d7\. &>9 rfkiiciav ypdppard p. OVKOVV tV #£0?9 ijp.vi']pi]s la^uv e8/)\ov Kal pe\cTi)<. yap ev heapwrripiw //." yeyovora 8e avrov Teacrapeo-KaiheKa irap" YjvOuSijpov rov errj dyet. 09 509 .cov imcpepet Xeytov " rare irpoiTov 6 Aa/u? (f)>]<rlv u.acoos Kal /. Kal avroBiSaKrov crvveaecos.teXeT?.

divine why 1 why does his historian malign him and declare that. we will not grudge him his natural and self. loiiiua" was a . IX Well. " Then Damis his historian adds the remark declares he for the first time clearly understood the nature of Apollonius. : a good 5o7 . Anyhow on one occasion after he had loosed himself from his bonds." For these reasons we must surely class the : — . and so he is described from the first moment chap. and force of application. NnI of his birth throughout his history. who was Or reader " And at death we. If Ap he possessed it. he " may be said to have wooed philosophy in a more divine manner than Pythagoras. without a single word." And at the end of the book we learn that his grave was nowhere to be found on earth but that he went to heaven in his physical body accompanied by hymns and dances. he just l laughed at his fetters." etc. For without offering any sacrifice. man among the gods. Naturally if he was so great as he is described in the above. that it was divine and superior to humanity. he acquired the Attic dialect ? For he tells us outright " that as he advanced in youth he displayed a knowledge of letters and great power of memory. and that he spoke the Attic dialect.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS general. why was he taken to a school-master.chap. or Empedocles.» and it i_ i_ j never i he had learnt any language whatever. or Plato. t reached his fourteenth year his father took him to Tarsus. but by dint of close study and application. schooling? not by nature. to 1 Euthydemus of Phoenicia. for how could he offer one in the prison ?—and without offering any prayer. But if IX taught gift of understanding all languages." We also learn that " when he 1" .

ol he 7rdvTco<. p. y\0e. tou? he TLvOayopeiovs appr)T<£> tlvI ao(j)ia £vve\dp. ovhe yap tovtov." " roaavra " a teal o /xjjhe/xiav fiaOcav cpcovijv 6eia re hvvdfiet." elra " %vve<pi\ocr6(povv avTco IlXarcoveioL re teal ^KpuaiTrireioi teal ol airo rov Trepnrdrov. cipiaTa yiyvtoo-teovToov re teal irpaT- tovtcov >]ht] teal aiiTo. r/v teal eiralheve tovtov. eo~Ti yap tow ' Apafilcov tevtevcov opvlQcov pLavTevo/xevcov dteoveiv. a>9 av teal irapd tovtol^ teoivcov/jaoi aotpias. teal e/xade he tovto tcov 'Apaj3Lcov iropeuofxevo^./3av€. avOi<. avrbv Oavudfei. e<? octov t?}? tcov ^cocov e^covf]^ teal teal eirityepeL (f)covtj<i e? ^vvetriv he Trjs tcov ^cocov hia. 777309 yap 508 . auoTTwaiv dvdpcoiroi irpoXa/Bcov e^eiraiheveTO. x 'O he hiaXtirwv crvveaeca " Xeycov.evoi ^v/x/3d\\ovTat he tcov dXoycov ctitovhpateovTcov ol fxev teaphiav epacriv. tnreenrovha^e. htrf/eove he teal Tcov'EjTriteovpov'Kd'ycov. t€ aya0o<. X cap." h))7rov evTavOa teal hpateovTcov teaphlas efM^jrv^cov r/7raro9 tov UvOayopeiov /xrjhe T€ Tpocprjs dire^o/xevov e7riTo\pcovTa.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. rrjs elteb'i teal Oveiv halfiocriv ?]v cnroyevaaadai. irov t&w r)7rap. rfkde. otroaa ol Xpija/xoL. 6 he rov hihaatedXov e'i^ero.

After learning Arabia. it seems anyhow to have been the case that the Pythagorean who abstained from animal food and could not even bring himself to sacrifice to the gods. while Apollonius chap. where the inhabitants best know this language and practise it. IX " clung to his teacher. so they say." In this instance. devoured the heart and liver of dragons." So varied was the education of one who had never rhetor. For the Arabians have a way of understanding without difficulty swans and other birds when they presage the future in the same way as oracles. and who by his divine power " the thoughts of men even when they X his admiration at the ease with an interval our author again expresses chap.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS and gave him his education. And they get to understand the dumb animals by eating. some of them the heart and others the liver of dragons. and he goes on He knew to tell us the following u And moreover he acquired guage of s an understanding of the language of animals and amma he learnt this. which Apollonius x understood the language of animals." We further learn that he had as fellow-students members of the school of Plato and of Chrysippus and members of the Pei*iThat he also diligently listened to the patetic set. because he did not despise even them. 5°9 ." any language. in the course of his travels through after : And . then. though he grasped the teachings of Pythagoras with a certain indescribable wisdom. in order to participate in a form of wisdom that was in vogue among the Arabs. too. doctrines of Epicurus. learnt anticipated are silent.

aTrayopevaas &>? p.eT av p. 6ewv. AxbXovda Be ry irapd to?? WpafSlois cfyoiTijaei ical ey^eipelv avrbv irapd auyypacpevs IcTopel' r)v tw /cal Uepaais o avTos yap tol AdpuBi.lov dvBpos.i) dyvdipLOVos BijXaB?] tcl tt}? fiayeias p. ftacriXei &Be Xoyovs Ba/3v\a>vl(p " rroos Xeyeiv avrbv irapaTideTai' crocpLa Be p. b tc fcal /3ovXoito avy/caXoov tovs erepovs eVt Tpocpijv. BiBaa/cdXovs tj}? Kara ti)v olcoviaTiKrjV TavBpbs eTTLaTj-jp^is. Te /cal dpupi pueaas vv/CTas t<z? pLeo-r]p.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. 0? deovs Te Oepaiiroielro els avTwv a^oXdis. ttcos dv aWaiS fir) ovy\ ra ofiota to?9 BioaafcdXois ^rjXtoaavrt Karcopdovro to eTTcryjSevfia. crvp^ftaXoov ecropLevrjs Ylepaais XI ' cap.dop.avddvoi. ovv irpbs toIs KaraXeXey^ tovs Apaftiwv aocpovs.ev S?./3pt'as p. e%op. fievoi<i teal Trpoeiirdiv. p.iyiarov irape^etv eBo^e toT? Tavrrj irapovai. avTiica t*}? tw Qedp-ari avT(p nrapd BiaTpif3r]s tov xpovov efiavTevaaro.a p." (pondv Te es avTut Tavra avyx^pd- .a Tots oktco aicvpuvois Kara rrjv ^Aacrvptovs 6Bbv 6eao~dp.er €tl Be OvapBdvrj eXOovTa. o? eTalpos. /ibvos avTos.6vos (poiTy]T7]<.evos. Tt? B' kclL gvvievai cr(f)d)v bpwpAvwv Te koX ov% BiaXegets 5 l° opcop-evcov. roicovSe SiSacrKOfievcp. a(p »)? cIkotws opp. Oavp. avT(p nrapd tovs p. oinrco els oaov Brj teal tt)v direaipaypLevqv Xeaivav dp.01 Uvdaybpov Xap. ireveiv ojBe fie eBoBdi^aTO.evos varepov ttots top arpovOov.diyovs levai.

whether Pythagoi-as "My system of wisdom is that of Pytha. according to the account given by the same to'theVagi _ For after forbidding Damis. though Damis was his only pupil and companion. were the studies he undertook among the Persians also. and made a prophecy thereof. how could he attain to their chap." Who can possibly allow 5'i . And in the same way when he saw the freshly- Arabia who taught him . he went alone to school with them midday and about midnight alone in order not to have as his companion in the study of magic one who was clearly without a taste for such things. so we are told. author. as follows : goras.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS under such masters. he immediately conjectured from what he saw the length of their future slain lioness with stay in Persia. who taught me to worship the ^j'^'of gods in this way and to recognize them. and so to impress the bystanders with the idea that he had worked a mighty miracle.nepro- they are seen or unseen. and this her eight whelps by the side of the road which led into Assyria. accomplishments otherwise than by imitating their example ? We must therefore add to the teachers whom we have already enumerated the sages of his knowledge of augury no doubt inspired him subsequently to foretell what the sparrow meant when he called his fellows to a meal. And again when he came to converse with Vardan the Babylonian king. a man of Samos. it is related that he addressed him at . and to be regular in converse with the gods. XI And in just keeping with his visits to the Arabians chap. to go to the magi.

/cairoi ye rov avyypacpeco? rovro pn]8apcb<. ovbT el rive? dXXoi yvcopipioi rdvSpbs yeyovores.v^evo<.ev r)V arpdrov. w? opp.ep. avrco rcov Hvdayopov Xbycov ov rrdvv arrovhalos.7jv 8e ov8 o rrepi/36- pdXXov ovr rf)s <f)i\oaocf)ia<. rtjv avveaiv avrbv elXijcpevat. TLvOayopov Ap^vras. coarrep ol bpviOes a pavudvovai rrapa rwv dvOpcoircovy (fiev t/}? aromas. rov Tlovrov.aa0ai.. ovkovv erepcodev. 01 £>o£a9 re avrov /ecu yvcopas eVt roiavrr) ypatpfj TOt9 p-er avrbv rrapaSeSco/caaiv. o 8e ye vrrovorjaai avrbv e£ e/ceivtov 8i8da/ca\os avrco tj}? /card Ylvdayopav c^i\oaocj)ia<. ypacpt).evcov real oi>x opcopevcov avrb? re o>? drrb YivOayopov padcov elSevai. rfj cpiXoaocfila xpcopevos. ovr avrbs Tivdayopov ypacpfj rrapaSovs bpiXias QiXoXaos. t<x? t. i)v oe fc\ela<. Tivl S 12 e/ceivos 6 rd<i eaepvvvavro aocpia. ovS' drrbpp^rd tivcl avytcciv ypdppuara. avyKe^cop^adco teal erepcov vcpi]yr)rcov avrbv d/cy/coevai.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. eiriaiipa'jvap. e£ tlpa- Tivdayopov yvcopas iyiyvcoa/cev. ei rrapa tovtov \eyoi ns r?/9 777309 rov<. rravrcov ye KeKOivG)vi]Koo$ teal p. 6eovf 8ta\e$jeco<. ovro*. TOV ov8* ivepyco yaarpos re KlTLKOVpOV o ea^rjpariaro. dX\d £>?. 8i8daicea6ai re erepovs emiyyeXXero .aprvpi)rai rov <£>i\o~ " 8i8da/ca\os p. coSe 7ro)9 elpr) k or os . KCU KCITO. ovhev re Siacpepeiv rcov ^Yim/covpeiwv rrpbs avrov p. dXX* . 97T09 YlXdrcov.. ore TivOaybpct pev ovSepia t£<? rotavri] /caraXeXetrrrai.evov' Tt9 &t] ovv rovrcov avveaiv re icai cpoi~i]aiv els SiaXe^eis 6ewv 6pcop. TjTTCOV KOI dcppoBlCTLCOV. aeiev.

And this man was Euxenus of Heraclea in Pontus. seeing that Pythagoras chap. nor one who put his philosophy for he was the slave of his belly and into practice his desires and modelled his life on that of Epicurus. his gift uMower of But let us for the Pythagoras of conversing with the gods. moment admit that there were other expounders of . and Archytas too." What ridiculous nonsense to pretend that He learned Apollonius can have derived from this man. It follows then that he learnt — 5 r 3 VOL. it is testified that he was in no way better than the Epicureans this bv Philostratus himself. form of wisdom. himself has left no scripture of the kind. even the famous Plato. who speaks of him as follows: "He had as a teacher of the system of Pythagoras not a very good man. and Philolaus the one man who has handed down to us in writing the conversations of Pythagoras. such that we can even suspect him to have had such resources at his disposal ? As for his teacher of the Pythagorean philosophy.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS to be true of him. any one of these teachers that professed either to know himself. system from whom he may have learned. nor any secret writings. But he had a good acquaintance with the tenets of Pythagoras. II. although the author anyhow gives no hint of any was there then ever Still we must ask such thing. and any others who were disciples of the philosopher and have handed down to his posterity his opinions and tenets in none of these ever boasted of anv such writing. just as birds have of what they learn to say from men. whether seen or unseen? Why. L L . or to teach others. although more than anyone else he shared in the philosophy the : of Pythagoras. by having learnt from Pythagoras personally. how to recognize and frequent in their conversations gods.

Kareijrevcrrai avrov rovs BiBaaKaXovi ovros. -v^euS?. 'Aaavpias rdvBpl avvd^}ra<i. ovtcovv irpo<.. rjv (f)vcreo}<. ovBe rwv rrap avrCo kvkvcov drro- Beigeis. iyco pev ovv ev p. ovs ye\oiw<. p. Kal rt)v rrepl rovrov t<z? rr'iariv alrelv.aKp£> varepov ev Nivo) rr}<. el S' aXijdrjs r>v teal ovk d\r)6y<. el Br] ovv 6e[a<. ypZv avvlarcop dcpl^erai. ryv puyrepa r'iKrovaav avrov aXX' ovSe rys rrepl rov rov pbdprvpa aKyrrrov p. Oviru) pot rov IT pcoreax. pLatovadai icrropet.? yv 6 pi>6o$.v0o\oyla<. y irepl ypafyr). el Kal p-el^ovd riva Ka6' 5M . Adpis dgia). rov delov yeyovevai avrov 6 \6yos. avrov \eycov eKelvov rov "Zapblov. rrpocr^ypuri rov (jji\oo~6(f)Ov r>)v (Te/xvoXoycov e7riypd<perai irp6aprj(jiv. rots 'Apa/3/oj? Kal rovrov hihdatcakov avrov rr}<i Bi] vopLi£opL6vr]<i diropp^rov rrepl Oeoyv eVio-T /^u. rd rovrwv avrov pbepaOrj/cevai. ovk drrh TIvBayopov rd roiaBl padoov. o!>9 'Iva Be Kal rrapa\oyu>rara to -vJreOSo? akrjOes tj? yeyovevai avyywpr)aetev.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. &>? e(f>yv. roi<. rrpb pvpicov ggcov rrepl ercov e% dv6pco7T(ov yevopuevov. to (frdcrpa TroXvirpaypuovelv eireiai. irapeyeiv ov yap By /cal rovrcov. eiKocri re Kal dXyOeia? e^opevoi^ rreiOopevos. XII cap.779 iirc- yparrreov.d\a rrpodvpo)<. ovk olB\ oVco? if.

that he is not lying. we are still at a loss to know. nor to demand proof of his ridiculous story that swans wXaccept surrounded his mother and assisted her to bring him a11 that ™ prc into the world equally little do I ask him to produce evidence of his fairy-tale about the thunderfor as I said before he cannot bolt anyhow claim the authority of Damis for these particulars. hand if the stoiy was true. Therefore we must reckon among the Arabians this teacher also who communicated to him a knowledge of the gods of so If mysterious character as he imagines this to be. and the allegation in the book that he was divine is devoid of all truth. but telling the truth. . inasmuch as the latter deceased some thousand } ears before him. inasmuch as the latter joined him much later on in the city of Nineveh of Assyria. and with a wilful affectation of solemnity he only labels himself with the philosopher's name. xn ghost of Proteus. it follows that the On the other story of his teachers is a pure fiction. T XII I have no wish to enquire curiously about the chap. But admitting. but from other chap XI sources . 515 L L 2 . even though such details may be somewhat exaggerated and highly-coloured out of . though it is against all probability. how he can pretend to have acquired this lore from the Samian himself above mentioned.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS these things not from Pythagoras. I am however quite ready to accept all that is probable and has an air of truth about it. then the legend was false. then he was of a divine nature. or to ask for confirmation of it.

/cal rovrcov avrbv 8t8do-/caXov /cal /caOtjyrjrrjv yeyovevai.itjea)<. 81a reXovs. et. dXX\ el 8o>eel. ovtoos erv^ev. ola el/cbs eVl 8iafiejSori pevov. diravTWi. /cat Kaic'ia yap re iv 8i] rwv ey^coplcov drrdvroav TrXovcncorarov ical /cal irepicpaveararov 6° avrbv (f>66vo<i viroriOerat. /caOapbv t/}? X0709 <f)i]G-Lv. real eavrbv p. 07T&J9 ravrrjv 8t) eiraivov ravra teal . el (prjaiv 6 /cal crvyypacpevs yevos re dpyalov to)v oikhjtwv dvrjppevov kcli tm dv8pl yeyove- vat. on /Mova ra reparco8r) X?]pov irXea. fir] 8oko). €y%ci)piov<. 5 T -6 earco cricoTrrj'i ra t>/<? rrevraerov'i Kara ocra TlvOayopav avrov. virep rovs BiBaa/cdXoyv re veov ovra ov pbvov tow 8e8i)Xcopevcov rv^elv. iiyaye. on re 77730? rbv ipao-rijv Tretpcopevov avrov yvvai/ceias C09 6 on 8' copas 8ieXoi8opi]aaro.rj<. ydptv d<piy pevov dpiarrjs diraWdfjat rfjs appoicrrla^' old yvojp. crcocppocri avrbv ovSels iyypd(f)eiv. d£ia. /cat Uiara 8ti]vvo-ev. o>? rbv iroXvre- Xw9 Oveiv 7rapea/cevaa pevov eip^ev. /cal rd. o~e<u? drro8e/crbv ical rovrw ye ical t>/9 (ppovi)- rb p.oi dv. rbv 649 'Aa/cXyrnov 0epa7rela<. Ka\ ravrij avrbv vyid /caracrrr]aai.eipd/ciov. ovkovv <p6ovoi-qv. rrXovro)v. vocrovvn yap 8rj vSepov rrddei /cardWrfkov ey/cpareias virodeadai 8'iairav ra> /cdpvovn.FLA VI US PHILOSTRATUS cap. vTrep/3o\j}v iricrra /ecu e? eiraivov dv8pbs 7rapa8e/crea elval real dyaOov Xeyoir p. &)? earco ' 8' ewl tovtois evrpexv'i ical rd KOtvd.

if it were so. and so was able by giving the best of advice to rid of his malady one who had come to the temple of Asclepius in order to be For we read that he suo^ested to a man healed. xn myself to accept them. All this and the like 5*7 . . therefore mind the author telling us that Apollonius was of an ancient family and lineally descended from the first settlers. but. afflicted with dropsy a regime of abstinence well suited to cure his disease. if he likes. beyond all other people of that region and that when he was young he not only had the distinguished teachers mentioned. inasmuch as he repelled with insults a lover who designed to corrupt his youth. skilful in ordinary matters. as long as they are not bewonderful and full of nonsense. and in that way restored to health and so far we must needs commend the youthful Apollonius for his good sense. can also believe the story of his keeping silence for five years in the spirit of Pythagoras and the way moreover in which he accomplished this vow . I do not wilderingly . I will allow that he became himself their teacher and master in I grant too. although he was prepared to offer the most expensive sacrifices. kept himself throughout pure of intercourse with him : women. as the narrative informs us. On another occasion he very properly excluded from the temple a man who was notorious for his wickedness. for he represents the man in question as the richest and most distinguished of all the people of his region. and was rich. in addition. and also. that he was learning.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS compliment to a good man for I could still bring chap. Nor would anyone object to his being classed among the temperate. We of silence was praiseworthy.

dpa avyxcopoirj avrfo Kai eraipois airelcrdat rwv Kpewv. Baip.evw 7repid-\jreiv i)yovp. eV 'IfSoi/? iropeiav dyei TrapaXafiwv avrbv 6 X070?.' to ye rot icai Kpeirrov dvOpcoirov irapd 7708a? ttjv evavTioXoyelv (pvaiv InroTiOecrOai. avrbv direXdaai auTOt? oj? Kai j^wcov Be ei? rpocprjv rrpoo-aydevTwv.bviov rt. otl avrov.?. Kai &>? aXrjOws cf)i\o(ro(f)Las Kai akrjOeias ov irbppw Be)(oifMi]v dv.a Tot? <f)7]o-{.o\6yi)rai. eavTM Be a? a a)p. rrjv diro Tlep- eTriwpbev Be Kai cri'So? xa e'/c tov Bevrepov. elpijKevat aviov re tw Tot? AdpiiBi. avrols p:ev et? ovBev opav irpoftalvov. roiavTCt avOpoiiriva. 7rpo? (piKoao(fitav /i. «/*<£' Kara rr/v 6Bbv iBovra AotSopiat? ap.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. pd^et. bv fiovov eBoKei tov fiiov ^t]\cot?]v 5i8 .ai.S' eK 7ratSo?. eyeiv yfrbyov av Kai Bia- ftoKrjv avTM T€ tw ypd(povTL Kai ttoXv irporepov tw ypa(pop. Kalrot xt? ovk av diropi')<jeiev. irepi ttoWov to evyvcojxbv re Kai <pi\d\rj6es TL/xcop. ro yap direyeadav avrwv. elrd Ti 7T€7rovd(o<i dnreipoKaXov. (xxnrep o Kai epuirovcrav bvo- ri rrapdBo^ov. XIII c ^- Kai ravra fiev curb rod Trpoorov avyypdfijxaro^. t?}? re BoOeiarj^ apvripLoi'elv virodeaeois.evo<.

though in case it was imposed by the philosophic And yet is it profession he had made in childhood. to which he gives the name of Empusa. . some animals were offered them for food. because I set a very high value upon Nevertheless to suppose that he was love of truth. The story consider the contents of the second.the treatise of eusebius is merely human. to a being of superhuman nature. k p^|°° stratus their moral development. as his best friend. and in no way incongruous with chap philosophy or with truth. XIII book of Philostratus and let us now go on to C^ri ci sin s n *^ . — XIII These particulars we have taken from the first chap. and of how they drove it away by dint of And we learn that when abuse and bad words. but yet more on suspicion the subject of his memoir. along the road. how Apollonius and his companions saw some sort of demon. he told Damis that he Mas quite willing to allow him and his companions to eat the flesh. for as far as he could see their abstinence from meat had in no way advanced his f i f the se C . not incredible to anyone that he should not have hindered Damis. as if it were a miracle. and as the only own disciple and follower of his life that he had. and to forget it almost as soon as it is made this I a regard as reprehensible and calculated to fasten not only on the author. and then contradict this supposition at a moment's warning. relating. and I can therefore accept candour and it. and the 519 . takes him on his travels and brings him from Persia He next shows a want of good taste by to India.

yjyefiova re a^iotT?)? e'9 Hpaxp. Kal iraXiv 6 to.yp-v%c0v. Kal p. K.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. 1 oiTota '' Becypara 7rap[aTt]ar yevop.. nrpofialvov a)/xo\6y€i XIV ^y'E7rl TouTOt? 6 cf'iXoenYJaTo? o Ta\i]0e<i Ti/xav 7rpb<i tov <£>L\a\i]9ov<. ovBev opav airo t^9 a7ro%f)<. 6 8' ovk olB \oyu> Xeywv /xev ov avvoiaeiv kavrfo.evo<. 7ropeia$ yeveaOai Tiva avrw. J Keivois 8' . Kal Bi avTov 7rpoaBia\ey€a0ai ^pacorrj. tov ipjirjvia eKiroBtov pe~aaTi]crdp. to? Kara Uv0ay6pav rpocf)^.evov Trap 'It'Sot? tov AttoWwviov 7rapaaT7]aacr0at <f)rj(riv eppbrjvea. rraiBeiav Kal Tr6\vp.i/cpa> 7rpoa6ev /ear avrov iraaoiv yXcoaawv awels vvv av Kara rbv avrov eppLijvews Belrai. irpbs avrov rfj ofJuXta.eKTi)<i9ai Kal Trpovrpeirev eVt cptXoo-ocf)iav.6vov KO)(f)ov tc £vviel<.evo^.era^v p. tovto 8' eZ^at tcS fiatrChel rtov 'IvSwv ovopxt. Kal ov XaXeovros (zkovoov dvepcora.dva<. elpyev oia octkz? (ptkTaTov 07roi&) av ov% tj}? roiv e/J. oiroia Tt? el't] ra> ftaatkel Biacra. bpa Trjs d\i]9eia<. p:ep.d6eiav 520 . Kal 6 p. 'KWdBi ^pijrat.ev rwv IvBcov Bl eppLijvioos /3aai\ev<i Kal ravra (3dpj3apo<.apTvpr)p. o)v rrjv <pvaiv. oir^l Kara Bidvoiav avOpcorrcov Kara tov Trap avrols deov elBoos Kal p.

gets rid of the interpreter. I repeat.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS only one whom he was trying to convert to his philo. for that was the name of the king of the Indians. what was the king's way of life. Thus he. sort of according to Philostratus. that being an unholy food according to Pythagoras. And after an interval the other. and a barbarian to boot. and admit that he saw no moral advantage in them produced by such abstinence ? XIV In the next place I would have you notice what chap. he employed an interpreter. and that instead of doing so. that he should not.chap. and addresses Apollonius in Greek and speaking in that language details to him his education and . sophy. and through him held the conversation with Phraotes. and almost like their god Apollo " Understood the dumb and heard him who spake not" has to ask. told that when Apollonius was among the Indians. who just before. according to the same witness. is in need of an interpreter. 521 . by means of an interpreter. now on the contrary. have tried to hinder him from consuming the flesh of living animals. samples of truth are set before us by this Philostratus to whose truthfulness Hierocles the selfFor we are styled Lover of Truth bears witness. had an understanding of all languages. and he asks him to supply him with a guide on his journey to the Brahmans. who is king of the Indians. he should tell him for reasons inexplicable to me that it will do no good to himself. he who read the thoughts of men. And again.

" a> 6 n WiroWcovios. wo~Trep ical fcarairXayeLs. el/cbs olpac. (BaaCXev. &)9 eoifcev. eavrw ypdepcov.. irorepa ru> irpiap.. rovrou. ev dypco. eirel p. epwri]&el<. (fxovr)<.eva> Beot veip. :v AWa 'IvBov €%€7r\dyi] fcal \aX0vvT0s 'EWacH yKaxrar) fi rov €K7r\/]TTeTcu. XIV on Br) /ecu auTo? tt}? Trap avTols ov/c dpadcos eyoi Tifi)]aaro. Pi\6arpaTO<. eiriKplvei tw irpiapLevw.bv Bi) avTols 522 . (friXoaocpia irbOev evrauOa. 6 irdvra <pt\6ao(f)o$ teal deols KexapiapLevo*. 6 Be ouS' &<." avrai at irapdho^oi rov nrdvra Trpoyvtoaei Biei\7](f)6ro<.ei{36p.ev(p i) rrp to ywpiov diroBop. icai o'lTives ovroi. <pa>va£. ivheiKvv^tevo<i.. ouBe yap e'9 BiBa- gkuXovs 'IvBois ye. Biov e7recf>i\o- XV cap. kcu top toiovtov Oavpdaas ovttot av eWrjviaat irpoaey BoKfjaev el0 . 7rco9 yap av p:rj ou)(l /3dp/3apov oh]0ei<. (f)i]atv 6 ( ciicoXovda.evo<. ore re cryoirj BiBao~/cd\ov<. TroOev re r) irepl ere e^et^ (ficovrjs 'JLWdBos.ai tovtov.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. " elire p.i]8e elvat 8iBa<r/cd\ov<. ULlra Kai rtac tov 'IvBov BiKafrvros irepl O^aavpov (f>(opa6evTO<.01" oi/Tft)? ecfirj irapaBovia 7rapd8o£ov to tovtgv eV dyvooiv alnov. dvacfrepeis. a? 6 /3aat\ev<i dp.. e/cao-rd re irarpbOev roiv rrepl avrbv <7VpLj3ef3i]K6TO)v (ppd^ec. \oyio~p.

it would seem. Xlv neglected on this occasion to display. In the sequel. and he tells him who they were. how you came to have such facility in the Greek tongue? And where did you get hereabouts the philosophy you possess ? For I do not think that you can say you owe it to teachers anyhow. But Apollonius none the chap. Next we are told that the Indian had to judge between certain parties about a treasure which had been hunted up in a field." utterances to which one. he could never have expected him to talk Greek.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS less wealth of learning. and awards it to the purchaser. assigning his reason in these words : 52 3 . tells us in his book. unless he had tiiepreregarded him as a barbarian ? And in spite of his Apolloniua having admired him for what he was. whose prescience included everything. with himself. for it is not likely that the Indians have Such are the wonderful any teachers of this. and relates all the particulars of . as if he were astonished at some exhibition of the miraculous and were still unable to explain it. his own perfect acquaintance with his their tongue. XV On the contrary he is astonished to find the chai\ xv Indian talking Greek. Apollonius says: "Tell me. Our supreme philosopher and darling of heaven is asked his opinion. For ridicules how could he be astonished thereat. as he should have done. gives vent and the king answers them by saying that he had had teachers. O king. the question at issue being whether or this field ought to be assigned to the seller buyer of the place. as Philostratus consistently. his OAvn history on his father's side.

ol Train wv dvhpwv e'lrrot aweppoveararoi re teal emetKeo-raroi. el /cal ra vrrb yrjv hovvai. p. avrov Tou? Oeovs rov<i [xev avrov. tcciv Awyevrj^. I'copev to rpirov. XVI cap. p. oj? ovie fir) av ol 6eol rbv rjv.rj av Kar Trev>]ra<i. rovrovs Brj Strfvey/eav. tovs kclv einropovs real /cat 8ia<pipovra<.ovd<. yap av Tt? errofievos ru> \6yco. p. teal rov$.6vov<. eTroyjrofievoi l$paxpdvas' evOa 8r] ra vrrep Sov\rjv amara Tavra errl teal ei n irep aAAo reparcoSis irore /j.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS C 1 J a(TLV xv' P ll ' t% eirenrcbv. re teal d6\iovs rovs rrevetrrdKaKoZatp. prj ovyl rbv rporrov. kclv aWos.ev d(f)€t\ovTO teal rrjv yfjv. 524 .. cpavXov. dvayteaiav rpcxpyjv.. e£ /3e\riovs ervy)(avov rcov irpocbv rravrl ra> /earacf>av7]<. kclv avrbs e/cetyo? Hvdayopa<. rvy^dvrj. aia-^porarot evhaifjiovas rravioXeararoL rvyydvotev. rpiaBeocfrtXels apa 6° r/yeiaOai. rots 8e to teal aKokao-rorepoa a<p0ova [xrj ra pur) dvayteala rrapao-yelv. Kai ra 777209 rrjv Trdvrw.evov<. ra Kara tou? /3e/3o)]p.vdo\6yoi<.evov" fiev oj? tear avrov rr\ovr(p hr) avvdyeaOai. 1) rov avp. teal dirb rov hevrepov rrapadepevoi.- Trepdcr pharos droirla. 7]6o<i 6vra<. el repwv. (pavXos /nrj rd\ 8' rjv av rov el fieXricov a7ro8o/u. ol tear a cpi\oao(plav . dcpeXiadai. kc\v ^wk party.

" We must conclude then. . . the very men who excel others. say. even of a bare living and of the necessities of life. or a Diogenes.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS " That the gods would never have deprived the one of chap. unless they proved themselves better than the others just mentioned from which the absurdity of the conclusion is manifest to everyone. For if one follows the reasoning here used. the second book. that men who are comfortably off and richer than their . or the famous Pythagoras himself. are to be esteemed ill-starred wretches. that is to say. and at the same time they have endowed those who are abandoned in their character with a plenty even of things that were not necessary to them. the land. and xu consider the stories told of the far-famed Brahmans. unless they had been utterly vile in character. unless he had been better than the seller. if he had not been a bad man nor would xv ever have given the other riches under the soil. even though they should be the most shameless and abandoned of mankind on the other hand only the poorest. let us pass on to the third. neighbours. or any other of the most temperate and fairest-minded of men. XVI After setting before you these incidents out ofcnwp. if we are to believe him. if judged by the standard of philosophy. and any other miraculous legends ever in525 . ^th^ttSxd For here we shall have to admit that the tales of book Thule. are to be esteemed thrice happy and beloved of the gods. even a Socrates. one must allow that on its showing the gods would never have deprived the poor.

rrjf Xi']0ovs eve/cev rov QiXaBe kcll avOaZeias i]p2v fiev ev%epeiav xai avrcp KOv<fybrr\ra rpoirov rzepLarrrovros. aavBapaKLVov ivravOa (ppeap vBaros IBelv TrapaSo^ov. 0I9 teal rbv vovv irncrrrjaaL dtjiov. 526 . arara. kclI Kpcnrjpa 7rXrjo~Lov rrvpbs. rrapahb^ovs Xl6ovs iv reus KefyaXals ru> rov Yvyov rov irapd rep TlXdrccvL irapaTr\i]o'Lov<i. pLavas bhov.evov. kcll /ce<£a/\J}? oa(f>vv rb Be. evpoL dv. ovs et Tt? dviXoL. rovrov iriOrjKOL yewpyol. jw/j airb rfjs avrw e? njv Xpoiav eladyerai XevKordrr].ev rd irpb rov rSii> T5pa%pLdva)v Xocpov. XVII c^Upcora nropela fiev ovv iv rfj 77730? robs B/sft^yu-afa? Tt? rov 'AttoWcovlov. ev fxaXa rnard &>? iv rrapaOeaei rovrwv. co? Be kclI et? avrbv dcf)LKovro. kcll ravra p.€Xrip. (prjo~i. Be erepov p. rwv ijpLerepcov Oelcov evayyeXiarcov irpoKplvwv rbv ^iXbarparov. opa yovv.eye0os BpaKovres.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS C kcll dXrjOexvi Tterty dvarreirXacrraL. koX rrapdBo^oL rLves rb p. w? /jlij jibvov rraiheias eVt rrXelarov i^Kovra.vvverai irapahb^OL^.ep. pLeXaiva. icfi 0T9 aep.epos rov o-coputros ra irpolbvra>v t% eVt rows Hpa%6'yo>. toi? avrw TrapcnrXyaiois ri]V aKpifir} /cat /Seftacav jjuera avveaews Kpiaiv. Karaire^vrevpLeva rb Treirepi. ov (pXoya dvairepLTTeaOaL pLoXi^B(bBr). dvcupavifeerai. wv drrb Ke<f)a\f]<i \a/x7raSe? drroppLirrovvrai rrvpbs. dXXa kcll aXrjdeLas i7rip.

from which there arose a lead-coloured flame . f the was wholly white in colour. because this self-styled lover of truth has not scrupled to fasten on ourselves a charge of l'eekless credulity and levity of character. And when they reached this. from whose heads were thrown off sparks of fire.Ridicules lonius. The mountains again. and hard by a crater of fire. Note then the sort of miracles on which he prides himself. were planted with pepper trees. It is anyhow worth our while to examine these. To begin with CHAP extraordinary size. and the apes cultivated the same and then there were certain dragons of . when he prefers Philostratus to our own divine evangelists. and who. as they went forward on the road to the Brahmans. from her head down to her loins. on the way to the Brahmans. he says that you found marvellous stones upon the head rivalling the gem of Gyges. as mentioned in Plato. and if you slew one of them. And all this was before they reached the hill on which the Brahmans lived. we read that they saw there a well of sandarac. on the ground that he was not only a most highly educated man. but most attentive to the truth. while the rest of her Brahmans person was black. full of wonderful water. turn out to be by com chap. well based on an understanding of the fact. XVII then.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS vented by any story-tellers. xvn Philostratus introduces us to a lady who met Apol. while claiming for himself and for those like him an accurate judgment. and 527 . parison with these quite i-eliable and perfectly true.

&><? dpa eirunoXi'i' Xe'uiroL 1) ypdpp. tuft rr}<. irpovofjiLa^ eBec yap ttov irdvreo^ teal rvpdvvov a^puari t?}? iv dydXp. <pr)criv.ar6<. bv teal IBelv teade%op. re irpocrenrelv 'E\\«w teop^i^oi. UoXuiBos teal A7r6XXa)vo<.evov aarpairiKw B dv /.FLAVIUS PH1L0STRATUS cap. y Xi$ov [xeXavos. ola Br) etVo<? re-yyovpywv fiavavawv ttoXXov ye Bee . %oprjyelv. XVIII cap. dXXd ye teal dydX/xara J avrols Adr)vd<. yaXteov Be fieXavos ovtos rjv teal TreiroiKikro ^pvaeoiq dydXpiaaiv. rov &v tou9 Bpa^/iam?.tdXXov a^jfMari iff)' v^rfKordrov Bicfipov. Hv$lov teal Aiovvaov Aifxvaiov.j3pwv. Be rbv 'Idpxav IBovra (prjal rbv 'AiroXXdiviov e£ teal 6vop. teal puev. ol? dv elev •wap ^copwi iXeai. Bvo re 7ri6ov<i Be dvepxov. teal dXXcov tlvuw 'EXXijvitewv 6ewv. 01 Be twv avrofxajov aXXeov twv fxer avrbv BiBaatcdXeov Bicfipoi y^aX/col croepovi re^vovpyelu. acrtjfioi 6° yaav teal tjttov vyjn]Xot. UpMTOv rfj (pcovfj. top puev 6p.aro7roiwv Bitciiv diroreXelv rb Brjpnovpyrjfia. rpoirov irvpl teal criBrjpo) rj p^o^dovvra^ rov<. cpi\oao(pLK(p.ait re dp^acrdat 528 . rjv avrep irapa <£>pad>Tov eiriGToXriv alryaai. TrpoeiXijefrora7rpoyv(i>(jeoi<i Kara trpoyvcoaiv re ijBi) tovto t/}? evBel^aaOai to evdeov evl to) BeXra irpoeipi^Kora..aai ^pvaw tov rr)<i Oeias cptXo- croepias dtjiovaOai BiBdcrteaXov. epiXo- 6avfj. ^Idp^av Be top eirl ttuvtcov BiBda/eaXov teaXeladai.

and was decorated with golden images. but rather appropriate to a And this throne was made of black bronze satrap. which contained rain. . XXI " Apollonius. and of Dionysus of the Lake and And the master of of certain other Hellenic gods. were sitting. For I of bronze. were. II. and the other winds. such as we might of course expect philosophers to fabricate when they take to working like base mechanics at forge and steel. who were inferior teachers to him.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS there were two jars there of black stone. even if they do not like conjurers make their handiwork to move by itself. his throne. of iarchas brought from Phraotes. But the thrones upon which the rest of them. 529 VOL. them all was named Iarchas. the one of chap. he says. that it was one letter short. just as if he XVIII And we are told that Iarchas. the moment he saw chap. suppose they could not help bestowing upon the teacher of so divine a philosophy the privilege of having images and gold on were a tyrant. and they saw him sitting on a very lofty throne in a state of pomp that was far from philosophic. namely of a delta and he began . from XN " which the Brahmans supply such people of the Besides this country as they are pleased to favour. but not incised and not so high. for he had already received and by way of this by dint of his foreknowledge parading the inspired character of his prescience. he told him before he set eyes on the epistle. addressed him by name in the Greek and asked him for the letter which he a^pride6 tongue. found among them images of Athene Polias and they of Apollo Pythius. M M .

yevo? re Kal iraiBeiav. ore j3ovXolvto. dpa TpnroBe? TlvOiKol TeTTape<. Be erepoi Bvo. TrepieXavveiv Te kvkXo) Ta$ KvXtKas. 6 p. 53° . opuXias.. a7rei- PoitXovtov aec0<.a. wairep ev TOt9 ttotok. oivov direppeov. Kal ttjv ra /car avT-qv T7ei7po.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS XV cap.TTapa<i' iiriXeyei Be. irarkpa p.Kal 7repiardvra<i 009 ev X°PV T h v y>] v TV^jrai tcu<> pdfiBoc*. Kal ra<. €L<i Tpocprjv teal avrov iropeiav.eva.ev vBaro<. toov Be TpnroBcov 01 01 pev Bvo.yp. Kal eiKa^ei B>) ovv avTOV$ to?9 Op. €ve7TtSeLKWa0ai to Kal t% wpoyvco- 7rXeoveKTTjp..->]Tepa KaraXe- yovTa tov WttoXXojvlov. avTopaTcos. tov t€ oivov Kal tov vBaTos.ev a cpijcriv re avroo Kal oop. et'9 ai/TOvs Be KvprooOelcrav dvairep^ac tov depos. e^eKVKX//0>]aav avTop.evov<. oivoxoov? Te eirl tovtois eK %aXK0i> BiaKovov? tjjv vXtjv 7aTi]ai T€.dcno<.eTpa)<. Biki]v.. elra Be 6 6avp. eirl ti xpovov Bid<TTr)pLa' eXKeiv Be Kal irvp dnrb tov ifX'iov. ' avrbq ovtos too avyypa<pev<. aireipotcdXaJs evdiis airo 7rpooTr]<.t]peioi<.iXijp. £' 6epp.ov Kpaatv T7apely(ev. ecrTavai Te avTovs hiTTiixv tt]v peTecopovs ev ai/ToZ dipt. tovtois a>9 o° eirityepei irapdBo^ov 6 Oavpu- T0A. &>9 dpa Kal 1) y?) avropuToos inreo'Top- wto avTols 7roa9. av i{rv)(pov. toi>9 Bpaxpdvas dpa KiroXXooviw xpt<Tap. T01/9 Be (f))]aiv.7ro8i]p. rfXeKrpivcp (papp.la<.aK<p Xovcacr9ai. koX Kara xpevovs a.0709. oivoxpovs tou9 xoXkovs dpvecOai evp.aToi (potToovTes.

ran with wine. to show off his superiority as a seer. and pushed round the cups in a circle. and he says that there were set upon them cup-bearers to serve in the banquet. marvel to these. after anointing themselves together with Apollonius with an amber-like drug. 35 1 M M 2 . the one supplied hot water and the other cold. moving of their own accord that they drew effort without any . and the earth arched itself up and elevated them some two cubits into the air. And of these tripods two. and about what he had done himself or said to his companions on the road. and of the other two. when he tells that there were four tripods like those of Pytho which wheeled themand he selves forth. like a man who has got wealth for the first time and does not know how to use it. took a bath. and then standing round as if in chorus.ciiap. four in number and made of bronze. by running off* the names of Apollonius' father and mother. and telling him all about his family and upbringing and education. and about his periodical voyages abroad. struck the earth with their staves. he says. xvm view. And the cup-bearers of bronze drew for the guests in due mixture both the wine and the water. And next this wonderful author tells us that the Brahmans.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS at once in a vulgar manner in that very first inter. And in addition he tells us that the earth too strewed grass beneath them of her own accord and unasked. relates down fire from the sun on their part and whenever they And the miracle-monger adds another chose. and about his journey thither to himself. goes so far as to compare these to the tripods in Homer. so that they stood there levitated up in the air itself And he for some considerable length of time. just as they are handed round in a symposium.

'EtI tolovtw Si) r& av fnroaia (piXoaocpots. TavTa 8i/ca(TT7)pia 'lepoKXel tci avcoTaro) Kal xadoXoV ave?)pb(ov fiera 7TOA. Kal irepl tcov evapercov dvhpcov e^ofiev yvutpu^vT XX cap.ev(p. puev ev^epeia Kal Kou(poT7]<. tov ainov QiXoarpaTov evvftpi^eiv teal fiacriXeix.?}? Tacrect)? a\r)6rj teal Tricna elvtu Sofcet. avTos TTicnevcov.oi laoOeov? tovtov? KaXelv 532 . iy^copui^cov 'Ivhois eladyeraL avpnrivcov tol? tovtov he epnrapoivelv (piXoaocpia. irXeiarri o<rr\ /carehe roiavra QiXocnpdra) avrois hrj p)jp. fieXriov kcu awefjv Tcorepov ?//xe£9 eKhe^opieda ra roiaina. " €7ria/ce-^fcop.e@d ye oam aepLVvverai Xeywv.r]vevovTO? tov 'Ia'/^cr Kal 7TW? ov 6avp.A. v<pepp. yvaxnat Trap avrw.acri p. ical av ttolXlv 7T/309 avTov hiaXeyeaOai. tl Be p. pieOva/cecr- 6al re Trap avrols Kal dvrnrapegdyeiv 'H\tw /ecu dXa^oveveaOai laroper kcu rnrdXiv tov 'AttoAAwviov 8S eppirjvews tci irapd tovtov p. ottws tov ovTco<i v/3picrTi]V Kal aTOTTWTaTOV irapoivelv Kal pLeOvtjKecrdai irapd tijXikovtoi? eiVo? fjv. Kara. ov ovhe irapelvai cttjiov ev cpiXoaocpcov.i)v.FLA VI US PH1L0STRATUS XIX cap.d£eiv d^iov.av9dveiv. puj tl ye Kal laoOecov earui . Kal 7re7ri<TTev/j.

been entrusted to administer the supreme courts of XIX Crcdu. : XX It was after such a symposium. at the same time that he condemns us for our excessive credulity and frivolity and after himself believing such things when he finds them in Philostratus. Iarchas interpreting between them. learned his history from him and conversed in turn with him. much less at the hearth of men who were equal to gods ? But what possesses me to call them the peers of gods and 533 . and what opinion we hold of men gifted with such powers and virtues. he proceeds to brag about himself and says (I quote his very words) " Let us anyhow observe how much better and more cautiously we accept such things. when he was unworthy even to be present at a meeting of philosophers. according to the chap xx Philostratus.ity cf justice all over the province. that a king who was sojourning Drinking in India is introduced to drink with the philosophers .Branman s phy with drunken jests. and that Apollonius once more.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS XIX Such are the stories which Hierocles. finds true and reliable Hierocles J 1 . by means of an interpreter. All this we learn. who has chap. and that he got so tipsy in their presence as to hurl defiance at the Sun and brag about himself. c alter due enquiry. bouts oTtho and we hear that he took occasion to insult philoso. Surely it may well excite our wonder that so insolent a fellow and so great a buffoon was allowed to get drunk and show off his tipsy wit among such great same philosophers." .

ti~jv ri ye pdXkov. XXI cap. rivas iavrovs rjyovv- 6 'Idp^a?. ye e'9 Bel. $i]criv 6 o-vyypcufievs. a>9 dpa eiron^ev iKavws iravra^. Kai el yiyvoiro Trap' avrol<. irevaei^ re oiv Kai airoKpiaei<. ttjv Ke(pa\r)v dvdpui- 534 . tov Be 'Atto\- erepw dv9 poiirov \(dvlov. ttoWov ecprjere. Mera ravra oatdXoyiai St8dcrKOVTO<.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. el epeaOai avrot<. £a>ov rerpdTrovVy o Xeyerai putpri^opa. ecrri Trap' Tluypiatcov dWcov Kai aKiarroBuiv dvepcordv. Koivai \oycov 6p. <f>id\Tjv eTTLKinrrccv etjrjpx 61'' V ^e. T7/9 aocfcias a£tov pLT]8ap:a)$ ' rrapeKdeadai riiv p. (09 V7]ri]<i.i\iai (fuXoaocficov. 01a Br] 0€o^. ov Oeov dfjicos. Kai gttovpuev twv C09 tov avrqj 'Idpya ev dpa irore 7) yjrvx 7) /9acr<Xe&)9 yevoiro aojpari. ^}}]aL rov Xpvaeov vBoip rcvo-paro^ kovvtwv Kai — rov aocpov Kai rrapaBo^ov Kai rrepl dv6 pcorrtov Be vrrb yrjv ol<y — AttoWwviov. Kai eireBiBov. cpiXoo-6(f>ov p.ev fxrj ^Kiara rponrw. orrore AttoWcovIov.vr}pbT)v. Kac Be V7]o<. Alyv7rna<. 09 Kai rot? (tv/jlttotcus.. Kai roiaBi TLva avTco ireTrpaypieva eirj. irore yevoiro KvftepKai ra roiavra Biairpd^airo. KaOdirep al diropp-qTot irrjyal T049 ayipuofievoi?. eKaarov. koX tt}? a^ias ' 7rudo/x6vov tov rai. deovs ecfii] evvjSpi^eiv tovs avSpas .

as our author is careful to tell us. which. r Apollonius and had accomplished all sorts of exploits which he enumerated to them. save the mark. which in the name of wisdom have scant title to be recorded at all. in XXI the course of which Iarchas explained that his own soul had once been in the body of another man who was a king. but marvellous question ! who live 535 . XXI After this there was general conversation and chap." answered Iarchas who. which has a head like that of a man. as little as could be in the style . and received answers. while Apollonius told them that he had once been the pilot of a ship in Egypt.chaf. and refreshed itself. Then they put questions to each other. and about others called pigmies. What a clever and And he also asked about men underground. surely betraying an equally scant respect for the dignity of the god whom he professed himself to be. supplied plenty of drink for all of them. Thus we learn that Apollonius asked if they had any golden water among them. and he asked if they had among them a four-footed animal called a martichora. when Apol. " Gods. . nay. and shadow-footed men.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS chaff them about their dignity ? Why. I suppose uTogoX in his quality as god. lonius asked them whom they considered themselves xx 8 to be. of philosopher. some serious discussion among the philosophers. set the example of drinking to his fellow-banqueters by stooping down over the bowl.V ". as do holy and mysterious wells for those who fill their pitchers from them. and that in that state he had performed this and that exploit. questions sk d in .

evcov real ea@r)TO<.eye6o<. <w9 hat/jLOVMVTa hi e7rio~To\fj<. dpa elev ol/covvres fxev inroyeiot. dva/caKaTay\n']aa<i tov %a)\eiWTa &>9 yXovTOv OepaTrevaeiev. etTa Trapaho^OTTodac tov Bpaxfidvos. C09 d\i]d?) /cal TavTa. twv ciXXcov.aia)v. vKrjv 6 — ovhe yap fxevwv — (pv\ov ei fii-j Takaaiovpyiat^ e'9 eo~6r)TO<. he ovpdv m i/ccpepetv 7njxvaia<> real a.evov clvtols airo yf}<. rrepl he eirj. tov he ^\dpyav hihda/ceiv avrov p. pdfihov icai e/cacTTOV avTcov ha/CTv\iov diroppi-jTov eypvTa &)9 lo-yyv. <£>i\6aTpaT0S dvaypdcpei.ev wenrep ro^evp-ara €9 Toiavra fiev tov WttoWkovcov irepl &>9 twv Hvyp. KaTepyacriav £kttovovavTol? yvvaiKelov elcrj/crai Trap teal tovto (p7]creiev e'9 avTOfiaTov avTOis irapaho^cos (f>epetv S' hi] lepdv eadi]Ta /xeTacpveaOai. \eovrt he oofioiwadai to p. tlvi Ti]V TV(f)\w to (BXeireiv /cat dhpavel - % € ^P a a ™ av X a P^OLro i)[ia<i TroWa /cdyaOa yevoiTo irpayfiaTcov diro\vcravTL t<u avyypa- (per hrjXa ydp. iravtw9 hi)irov tcov (piXocrocpwv laTov eTroi^op. XXII e'9 Epiov eirv tovtol% (puop.9 dfcavdwheis Tpi%a<...7TW ttjv ra<i elfcdcrOai. he virep tov Tdyyrjv ttot- a[iov favTes. (SdXkeiv row? 6rjpo)vra^ ical dvepwrdv.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. hiarpL/3ovTe<. a>9 dvvirapicTa XXII cap. oVe fipovTas 536 . XecraiTo.

— . Iarchas said that they never had existed at all. how by stroking a man who was lame he Eusebiua S healed his dislocated hip. which it is shoot out like arrows at those who accustomed to hunt it. from which we Brahmans philosophers plied the loom and occupied themselves with spinning wool in order to make their raiment. There follow a series of miraculous performances on the part of the Brahman. XXH the earth grew for them to supply material for their must infer that these of the dress. . And we hear that each of them carried a staff and a ring which was imbued with mysterious power. Such then were the questions which Apollonius put to the sages. for we do not hear of any woman being smuggled into their community but perhaps he means that by a miracle the wool grew of its own initiative into their sacred garments. XXII After that Philostratus described a wool which chap. when his very insistence on C . Our blessings on an author iarchas who saves us so much trouble. and Iarchas instructed him about the pigmies. how for example he recalled to his senses by means of a letter one who was possessed with a demon.°ii. but spent their lives on the other side of the river Ganges but as to the other things which he asked about.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS rivals a lion in size. how he vouchsafed to j. 537 . Can we doubt that these stories are true. and told him that they were indeed people dwelling underground.i wrought by UT j man n 11 blind gave sight. while from its tail projects hairs CHAP like thorns a cubit long. .a ei e s of restore a man's hand that was withered. and to a healing i.

a6elv. /xe#' ovopLara twv i]p. I'lpeTO.. elXi](bevai re Trap avTov BarcrvXiovs e-rrrd eirwvvpov^ 1 dcxrepcov. oure Be 6 eBeijOi] p. XavOdvetv Beov i)yovp.(piXocro(peiv ai/rots tl Kal nrpaTToi. ov6\ 07r<w? crocpi'^oivro aird. KvXiKas irpoiaropr^aa^.iov" Kal w ovros. ovk Bfya tov AdpiBos a7rovBy)v iroiovpevos Kal tov puovov eralpov. > Xoittwv tnrdvTWV e£e(pi]ve re Kal Birfkey^e rijv pLvOoXoylav.vXiovi. eirrjvec £)]Xovv 7)%iov. ravTt]^ eXevdepov Karaarrjaai tov 'A7roXX(i)viov (ppovricra'z. o$>K i)j.ev. aA. BaKT. emfyepei (pdaKcov Kara Xetjiv " IBcov Be rrapd toi$ 'l^Sot? tovs TptTToBas Kal tou? olvo\oov<i Kai oaa avro- para ecrcpocrdv elirov.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. Bid T?y9 7repl tovto)v w? dXt]doiv d(pt)j7]creco<i Kal tmv (xiVTWi / V > f . rbv WttoXXcoviov.epwv.Lov<i ev TriOots TpiiroBd^ re XXH ~ .V 7reo?. p.iv Bi-^a r?}? clvtov nrapovaia^ Kal tu> 'Idpya avpcpiXoaocprjcrat.ov<i KaTaBe%6pevo<. /ecu avef. Kalov TiOipevos B'd Trai'Tos tov (Stov cpepeiv 533 777)09 .evo$. (fioir- aVTOIXUTWi Kdl OiVO^OOVi CLTTO ^aAKCV 7T€pieXavveiv ev kvkXco ra<. ovs Kal (fiopelv avrbv Kad^ eva irpos ra TaXi]6e<. 6 o~vp. e'/c \ Xidov -. Tavra Be vvv eliriov o Tip. 7r&>? Be ovk rj^iov tyjXouv o Tci/<i tcov acrrepcov eTrcovvKal tovtovs dvayp.dv irapd tw <&iXaXi)9ei ft>5 vevopuafievos Bi) erepa tj)? ypa<fii)<. dv Kal yo^reiav tcov Upa^pidveov KaTayvov<>. elprfKevai Be (pt]aiv o <£>iX6crTpaTO<i tov Adp.

he disclaimed any wish to imitate them. I refer to those of chap. xxn lightning and wind kept in jars. 539 . further on in his book. my good fellow. which I repeat " But when he saw textually among the Indians the tripods and the cup-bearers and the other figures which I have said entered of their own accord. did he disclaim any wish of the kind ? Is this the man who was careful to exclude Damis from the philosophical seances he held with them. or desire to learn but although he praised them. and as if he was anxious to acquit Apollonius of the charge of having dabbled therein.fully Apollonius excluded himself from being present at the philosophical sessions which he held with Iarchas and he says that Apollonius was given by the latter seven rings which were called after the stars. and that he wore these one by one upon the days respectively called by their names. and who thought it his duty to conceal from his only companion all that he had done in those seances ? And how could he have disclaimed any wish to imitate them when he accepted the seven rings named after the stars. and of tripods of stone walking about of their own accord and of cupbearers of bronze passing round the cups in a circle." And how.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS the truth of his earlier tales. fully betrays and exposes the mythical character of everything else which he has to tell us. : . Philostratus moreover declares that Damis related how cart. he adds the following remark. Though we learn this much on this occasion from a gentleman who is esteemed by the Lover of Truth to have had a respect for facts. and held it needful to wear these all through the . as if by way of condemning the wizardry of the Brahmans. he did not either ask how they were contrived.

e%ovTa<. koivcovov tmv o't 6eo)v irpbs avrcov rcov decov civctKeKiipuxOai.vovra<.ao-'iu>v Kardp)(ea6ai. ra ovofiara tmv (f)j]<. 7rapaB6%a>v evrevOev d(f)i]y7]/j.ivoroi? (TTovvra (j)i]crlv avrov eralpots ^(iopav. XXIII cap. rj Kar dvOpwnov (frvcrecos r)i>. avrov. 7r&>9 QjXovv. irdXai. ovk p. el Be /ecu BoOeirj to fiij ty]\ovv a>9 irparrovra.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. OeLorepas .. Be -tyr)yp. Kalroi ye dtropp^rov. Kal roaavra e-TTLWfxev £' ?'/St. &>9 e'f Kal toi>9 Kap. 6avp. e\i]\v8ei>ai e? ttjv rwv 'Qpeircov evOa ^oXkoI xa\/cov fxev avroU al irerpai. dXX ov vvv rwv 54° eSei. irepirrr) S' dv Kal . fiev ra Kara rpirov avyypap.r) ety'fkov Bi]\ovotl. 7tco<? rj^iov e7rrjpei. ecp ot9 Oeiws evepyovvras aWa yap fiera tijv toutoa9 Biarpi/3>}V koK. %aX/c>} ^ r) -^rd/afio^. on B7] ei yerai. 1)^103 KevaL layyv. Kal Bijra w? 'Apdftcov Kal fidycov Kal 'IvBwv rrapdBo^bv riva Kal Oelov rjfilv avrov dyaycov. i)p. el 8' ft><? ovk ety'fkov ra eiraivwv d£ia.a. irapa afia ovv eTryvei.drcov KardpKalroi dv Tt9 eirroi evXoycos.a oi rrorafiol clyovcrt.r/ avro<. If?)?.p. avrov e'(/>' vyetci trape- Tre/Airov. ev co9 p. Kal ra eTrave\66vra (prjalv enrb t?}? 'lvBtov yd>pas eVt rrjv 'ILWdBa.epwv. rrpb t»}9 Be erepcov fieraXrjyfreax.

\r. to have begun his career of wonder-working .chap. our author. on his return after he had stayed with them. then he ought long before. we learn that he arrived with his companions at the country of the Oritae. uncanny. as if his visit to the Arabs and to the Magi and to the Indians had turned him into some miraculous and divine being. All this is stratus. where he found the rocks and the sand and the dust which the rivers bring down to the sea. the Apollonius gods themselves proclaimed him to be the companion of the gods. and let us plunges straight into a lengthy description of his And yet one might fairly argue that if miracles. now pass on to those which follow.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS upon the days severally named after cir. and that although. after entering into relation with other teachers. ' " We learn that when he had returned from the dictions of country of the Indians to the land of Hellas. why did he not imitate things so praiseworthy ? To crown all. as being divinely operated. And. xx " them. How then could he praise things which he disdained to imitate ? If he praised them. and it was 54i . now that he has got him home again. they had a secret power in them. he had been of a diviner than merely human nature. XXIII contained in the third book of Philo. it is clear that his disclaimer was not due to their beina. rest of his life all alike made of bronze. indeed. inasmuch as they sent on to him the sick to be healed. as you say yourself. and not only now. Even if we grant that he did not aspire to imitate these inventions.

irXeo)v.evos rrjv 8' irpopavTeverai 7io\lrai<i. 6 ti Kal fiovXoiro Tou? erepovs eVl rpocbrjv irapa- KaXwv iv icbepp. BtBaaKaXovs /lev. rjaBbpLi]!'. rj i£ 'Apdfiaiv avru> pdywv re Kal ^IvBcov el Btj Bid <JTTOvhr)<. ipo- ydp avrov. tovto to " irpoeiTTOt. tls Kara BoOelaav V7ri}p^ev inrodeatv aXX' ovtos ye Kara rbv (biXaXjjdr) crvyypacbea vvv Btj irdpean.evo<i.?) irap^v. elra Be Xoipov rols 'E^ecrw irpoaio'dbp. Kal id pidXicrra iv rat? eVl reXei Kar avrov Kar^iyopiaLs ov riOeiKev 6 avyypacpevs. " Xeirrorepa. op/uofievos rbv crrpovdov.eriavbv fievov diroXoyia avrbs toc iraparlOeTai.r)vevet rot? irapovcriv.. caches. birbBev ecprj. on Br) ttoXv to irXdapia ep. rbv Xoipbv. cocplav ive7TiBei'Apdfitov Kal tj}? Kal irpoyra ola irap avrots ola)vio~TiKr}<. on p.7raTi)Xbv yorjieias re «? dXi]0cb$ 54* . aWiav Kal tovtov iv rfj irpbs Aop. iire^eipelro iroXviiuOeia." (BacnXev. 0)9 eiKos. ttjv ii. oirep el co? dXe%i]aavTO<.evo<. bpo)<i ovv avrot St) tijv io~ropiav is (bavepov ei vTroOcopeOa. dvTM (bepe B St' a7roXoyia<i InroXvaaaOai to eyKXrjpa. 6pfi(opLevo<. Kal d. ovrco tlvi yap ovk eirj Kal ravTijv evdvvovres. tt)V fxera toctovtovs icvvp.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap." %p(op. BiaiT)) rrpwros rov Betvov Kal rpirov Si] S' avrov Oavpa yeyovbs laropel.

Story of the which Avas nothing less than that of his avei'ting pUgae '" the plague. I use a very light diet. if he was really what the initial assumption made by Philostratus assumes him to have been. Although the author has been careful not to include this story in the final counts retained against Apollonius. he begins by interpreting to the bystanders what the sparrow wanted and intended when it summoned its fellows Next he has a presentiment of the to their dinner." And then he relates a third miracle of him. plague in Ephesus.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS superfluous for him to take so much trouble to cttap. if you will allow us. ready to show off the wisdom which lie has acquired from so great masters and as one fresh from Arabia and equipped with the science of augury in vogue among the inhabitants of that country. probably because it was impossible for him to rebut a charge founded upon it by any defence which he could offer. the very manner in which the story is told will convince him that fraud and makeloving author. we nevertheless will. was his prediction. . my prince. I was the first to scent the danger. according to this truth- we have now got him back again. he answered " Because. because our doing so will render needless any further criticism of For if anybody feels the shadow of doubt it. But anyhow. about the matter. : 1 believe was in this case everything. and that if 543 . publish the story and give it full publicity. And he himself sets before us in his Apology to Domitian the explanation of this preFor when the latter asked him what sentiment. and warns the citizens of what is coming. XXUI acquire the multifarious lore of Arabs and of Magi and of Indians.

ot<. cpavrjvat. hrj ei/caaro. etpr/Kevat 8' &J9 XvrTcovre^. eireLirep 'Ejteaicov iroXet. crvi>Tpi/36ptev6v re 7rpo9 d(f>pov dvdpdnrwv (f>vaiv rrapaiTTvov T7jv tov Xotptov aKovwv.6)v. eVi to voacoheq Tpeirop. avvia-Taptevov. f) Kat dXXoos /xovy tt} X0709 laTpircb? 7rapa8i8coaL. ov yap Si] KaTaKXetaOev fxbvw av twv ofiopots €(p)']8pevae tg3 irepl tt)v 'E(pecrov dept. to v6cr)]fia. dXX oir^l Kat toI? tov Xoi/xbv eTrtcrKrpty-ai <p7]atv 6 X0709.. oTTep 7TW9 ovk av yeybvet KaKoocriv tov 7repieyovTo$ TTeirovdoTO^ . aXX e^eXwi/. tov yap rot \oifibv viroTiOerai ev elZet TTTco^evovro^ ical pciKeaiv tj/xcpiecr/ievov irpeafivTov dvSpbs ecopdaOat. 8' av to (pdcr/xa Sievdvi'del)]." 719 ovv tovtois ov fxeya ti)v tov 6avp. rfj avrbv wepl tovtov koI ev el&os.aToiroLov yeXda-erai irapaho^oirodav. teal XiOwv vtto- ttZtttov (3oXal<. ol el(9' vcrrepov fiXyOevra XtOots.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS xxFfi a ^T°? ° Tpo7ro<i aire\eyx eL T % lo-Topia*..evov tov 7repie'x 0VT0 S * K TTOvi)pwv re tcai (feavXcov dvadvpido~ewv. 09 ovS aXkl otlovv Tvyycwei 7) cpdopd Kat KciKoyai^ depos. kvvcl crvvTei ptptptevov /cat irapaiTTvovTa dcppov. /cal elhov /cal vbaov. %u>ov Kat 6<f>0aXp. ov KaraXeveiv eirtKeXevaaptevov tov WiroXXcoviov nrporepov fiev irvp /3dX\etv toiv 6<p6a\/j. Trpbs avTOKpciTopa Aofieriavov " rb ypdfper yap rov Xoljjlov yepovrt 7ravo~a<i tov diroXoyia thcov raura ov eiri tttw^w he elXov. 544 .

II. N N . and when I saw it I overcame it. when he had been overwhelmed by the stones thrown at him. For he chap. nor have beset the air of Ephesus for the infection could not alone. too. a beggar and dressed in rags who. when Apollonius ordered the mob to stone him. and did not visit the neighbouring populations . And on other grounds. not by staying the course of the disease. and that it was crushed by men. after reading this would not laugh heartily at the miracle-mongering of this thaumaFor we learn that the nature of the plague turge ? was a living creature and as such exposed at once to the eyes of the bystanders and to the showers of stones they hurled at it. as " For the form of the follows plague and it resembled an aged beggar was both seen by me. as medical theory teaches us. but afterwards. when all the time a plague is nothing in the world but a corruption and vitiation of the atmosphere. and how could this not have been the case. 545 VOL. I would ask. and vomited foam.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS ever anything reeked of wizardry this did. : — — . he appeared as a dog all crushed and vomiting foam. And he writes that Apollonius mentioned this episode also in the defence he addressed to the autocrat Domitian. this story of the phantom plague can be exploded for the storytells us that it only afflicted the city of Ephesus. but by utterly destroying it. surrounding atmosphere had undergone vitiation ? have been confined to one spot. as mad dogs do. xxm pretends that the plague was seen in the form of an aged man. the circumambient air being changed into a morbid condition composed of noxious and evil exhalations. if the ." Who. began by shooting fire from his eyes.

evl el 'K\\rjcnv irapa. ©eTTaXou? re avrco. irdvra elScos Kal twv p. y^pov(p yeyovaai.?. Kal el "EXevq e? Tpolav i\i]\uOoi. rocrovTOi I'lpoes dvepcordv. Kal irepl rourcov avrbv dvepcora Kal hiairvvddveTai. to. iroia<.eva)v. 70V 8r) 9ewv opwpLevcov re Kal ou% opcopievcov roiourcov 6pu\r)T7]v TOiavra dyvoelv. 7T€7r\r)pL/jLe\>]fi. otl hr) ivayicrpLara pLrji'icocrd ovk €7rere\ovv.e\\6vT(ov 7rp6yvcocriv av^wv ere dyioel. iiv. tu> ISifp elra ZciiheKdiTriyy<i /jLvi'ifiari to fieyeOos irapa avrou (paipo/Mevij. el pu) dpa.i\wv elo~i]KTai. Kai irepl 7oZ<. el rd<pov tv^oi 'A^iWeu?. re elain Tpcoal tcov e? avrbv Kal rrpoaraTTOvaa tw 'A7ro\- XcOVUp 7T€VT€ A. el Ylo\v£ev7] €7rio~(payeii) avroj. . ov)(l yevoir av ala^vvt}<. 0&9 &V CLVTOS Tc ftovkoiTO el#' o Kal at Mocpai avy^wpolev.aTa. bp.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS XXIV cap- Teraprov avrw rrapdho^ov ^A^iWeui^ irpbrepov fjikv r)v ^jruxv ev x'KafJ.vSi TrevrdTnjxw. k6o<. Kal el dcpiKero e? Tpolav UaXapu'jSijs.O7OU9.. Oavpd^ei r S' eirl touto. Kal el Mofcreoy 6p?]VOL Kal NrjprjlSov eV avrw yeyovaai. &>9 aefii'd ye Kal Kareireiyovra els rbv (biXoaocpov jBiov rov rjpa)o<. &><? Karanioipbevrj. Kal arrovor^ ci^ia epcor>jp. dvepeadat. iiretSr) veKpols iirl to 546 .

and the Fates permit him to know of. who boasted next learn that the omniscient one. whether seen or unseen. and whether Palamedes had ever reached Troy. questions surely of a most solemn kind. and whether Helen had really come to Troy. was still ignorant of whether Achilles had been buried. and of whether the Muses and Nereids had bestowed their dirges upon him. oflohiifes ' and subsequently growing till it was twelve cubits in stature. of his prescience of future events. Surely it was disgraceful in the extreme that one who was the companion of gods.THE TREATISE OF EUSEB1US XXIV The fourth wonder which he relates is how the chap. soul of Achilles appeared close by his own sepulchre. such as he himself might desire to learn about. besides being in themselves of much We — importance. and enquires most earnestly whether Polyxena had been slain over his tomb. And accordingly he asked Achilles about these matters. Thereupon he falls to wondering if there had ever been among the Hellenes so many heroes all at one time. and such as to stimulate others to lead the philosophical life of the hero. the 547 N N 2 . and accusing the Thessalians for not continuing according to custom to offer him the due funeral rites. and furthermore still nursing wrath against the Trojans for the wrongs which they had committed against him. and bidding Apollonius ask him questions on five topics. because in this again about them ? scene he is introduced as associating with the dead. should know so little of such matters as to need to ask questions again and Unless. ~„ dressed the first time in a tunic. and five cubits high. indeed.

i] t«? rjv KaKoy]6ii$ tov eva aot Kai yv^aiov Kai fwvov eTalpov Adp. el p. p." elirev. O)? aV V7T€K\v<Tei€ TYjV VTTOVOICLV TOV 7T€pa TWV TrpoajjKovTcov avrbv 7repieipyda0ai Bokclv kcli yap Bi] teal diroXoyovpLevov avrov v7roypa<pei.aa<? tov .r\ Kara " ve/cpo/iavTeiav 6 rpoiros avrqj t?}? (paveicrr)<i 6'-^e&)<? yevocTO. aX\j ev^dpeevos oiroaa rots rjpwaiv \vBol <pao~i ical ravra vvv 7rpo? tov iraipov Belv €v%aa6ai" 'OSuaaecos . e<? BidXe^tv tov 'A^tAAeci)? rfkOov. ov^l koX BC i)p. irepiepyovs op." Bi] cf)t]ai. oi>xi rjpcolBt ^vxfh V v T. 7? 7ra.epa<. irepiepyia. apvoov ai/xaac opv^dpevos." Tt Brjra ovv. otl p. iroielv e^T/v. diroo-epvvveTai 6 paiBev pbadelv irap 'IvBwv. vvktwv T7)v uwpl koX Be Kai tov ijpwos yjrv)(}jv dXeKTpvovcov " " aTrPjXOe ydp.iv koivcovov eiroiov tt}? 0avtl o pLaGTrjs TavT7]<i i'l^eeo? re Ka\ opuXlas. XXV X^. Tt dXXa twv ifXavvov (BoaL .apTvpr)p.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS CAr. -^rv^poTepov fMerarroiel to. ovB ^rv^aywyi'jcra'i.\.ev BaipLOcri dXeKTpvuves rjBrj ojBPjs ovv 7rovj]poi<.. /u?Se tylXwcrai T7jv irap" avrols acxpcav 7T/309 tov avyypacpeox.. pLi)Be co ovtos. yevoiT av et? o ttj? wpas aX\' 548 i77iT7)Beio<. tovto piovov .evo<. " ovre yap j369pov.? irevaet^ 6 avyypa^>ev<.i\ia$ Kaipo^.ep. %vv do-rpairfi pueTpla. Kai tjtttovto" icrcos yap Kai p.

I managed to converse with Achilles.chap." his companion. too. was he not Apollonius vision and interview ? able to do all this by daytime.CHAP. XXV What then is the reason. although our author testifies that he had learned nothing from the Indians nor felt attracted by their wisdom. having been freed from the 549 . merely by using the prayers which the : Indians declare we ought to make use of in addressThis is how Apollonius now brags to ing heroes. and without tempting the souls of the dead with the blood of lambs. instead of doing it in the dead of night and alone ? Why." I cannot but think that evil demons would have found such an hour seasonable and appropriate for their devilish interviews. whom you fu t admit to have been his sole and genuine and single that an companion. rather than the soul of a hero which. sup. did the mere cry of the cocks drive away the soul of the hero ? For he says. and says " For without digging any trench like Odysseus. to share with him in this marvellous appeared to And why. we may notice he represents him as arguing in his Apology that there was no colour of necromancy in the manner in which the spectre appeared to him.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS author intentionally gives a frigid turn to his ques. too. my good fellow. for indeed the cocks were already beginning to crow. why he would not allow Damis. tions. xxv posing that there was no devilish curiosity here at llsebl us work. in order to avert the suspicion of his having For irreligiously pryed into the secrets of magic. " It vanished with a mild flash of lightning.

oti Bt] 7rco<? firj Be ov/c 6py[\o$ Kal Taireivbs 6 Bvoiev avTW.wv /3d<Tfcavo$ Kal (pdovepos tov rpoirov. fieipatciov ti cnrovhalov av (piXocrocpa) o-vveireadai ra> A7roW(i)vla) 7retpd)fievov irpoaTaTTei yap to iroLelddai avrov avvepuropov ri)<.op(f)>jV a^rj/^aTt^ofievov. crcofiaTOS e\ev6ep(o6eicrav vXrjs dyadrjv Kal iravd- perov eivai \ped>v. Kal ei<? irpb fxvplwv ocrcov ircov avrbv 8ir)p.aTi (pavXcos jxivw dva\a/3elv iyKeXevo/xevos . /xi] KaTaWaao-ofievo^. rbv fiev yap i£ dKo\daTOV p.apTr)Kaai. 6vyuovp. tov Be eVi7rA.eipaiciov. o ye firjv elcrrjypLevos ivravOa haip. Kal ravra dvovcri Kal avve)^o)<. fj (f>acn. dXka Kal tov UaXa/jLrjSovs rd(f)ov avror dyd\p. 55° . av Zeono tov Xoyov Siarpif3rj<. eavrov " (f)i\oao(f)ia^. otl Tpcoaiv. cnrevhopLevois. eiriXeyoov t^v alrtav T\piapuiBrj<i re " ian Kal rov^E/cropa v/mvcov ydp" <})r}cnv. r) ov)(l ' TOiouTO? &>? 6 top Br) ' Apt urOevrjV direipyow .evo<i.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. opyikos T€ Kal 7cnreivb<i ti]V htdOecnv v7ror€TV7rcorai. eppi/Jb- XXVI cap.acrT&)5 et? yvvaiKclav p. To fxivTOt TrejATTTOV Kal Z'ktov davfia ov ei? TroWfj*. evBei^iv tj}? tov ypdfyoi'TOs eu^e/seta?* Bal/iovas yap direkavvei ak\(p dWov. LKavois fir) ov Traverac" 0eTTa\ot<?. Baifiovt.

a poor youth so serious that he was endeavouring to become a follower of the philosopher Apollonius ? For Achilles insists that he shall not initiate him in his philosophy. so thoroughly do they prove our writer's For Apollonius. as they say. " he is too much of a descendant of Priam. and still refused to be reconciled to the Trojans. and the praise of Hector is never out of his mouth. and unsullied. and that although the latter were continually The sacrificing and pouring out libations to him ? only exception is that he ordered Apollonius to restore the tomb of Palamedes. and he adds the reason " For. In any case the demon conjured up on this occasion is represented as of a malignant and envious disposition. must necessarily be good chap. while the second disguises itself by assuming the form of a woman: and the latter our clever author 55i . For how else can we characterise one who drove away Antisthenes. : XXVI The fifth and sixth miracles however in this book chap. if he was wrath with the Thessalians for not sacrificing to him." And how could he be other than rancorous and mean.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS crass matter of the body. both rancorous and mean in humour. because thousands of years before they had sinned against him. drives easy credulity. The first of the demons is expelled from an incorrigible youth. do not stand in need of much argument and XXVI discussion. which together with his statue had fallen into decay. out one demon with the help of another." says he.

ydp dv kcu tovto. tovto yeyovbs yjv.ev ev p.epei Kal k<xt eiBos auTtp TrejrpayvirofBdXXeiv iGTopriTai. Kal ra? Ne/jwi/o? fxeTa KiOdpas eVi puaOw Bie^iovTi KaOapS Ta Baipovia. p. ydp " &>? yjraKa^oL pev 6 Zev$. prjBe Ta 'RXevcrivia dXXa dvol^ai dvdpdnTM p.rj ev BtcTTayp. Br) 77oVtoj? el ToaavTa.dXicrTa Be tov (piX6ao<pov avT7J>i tov<> TOiovSe eV ILiKppaTijv eirl tt}<> iy%(opui%ovTa kclt hiaTpifiovTa. Kal &>? 'Adrjv?]o~i j3ovXri6evTa pvrrdr r Ta 'EjXevalvia 6 TrjBe elpgev iepevs.r) Kal tu> dcreXyd)^ dyelpovTi /cara Tr)v 'Pcoprjv. a>? ifcelvo icaipov et? Kal ' 'PcoyU. rfj dpa (TTrivOjjp ri<. fiij dv iroTe pLvrjcreaOac t/)>/cra? yorjTa. 552 . XeyeaOat.eT avTov eXeXyjOei ftacnXea inrdpxovs diravTas. ovk dv re irpwTov Kal toi>? p.? o? Br] vaTepov Ti]V kcit avTov Br) /cciTa 707770?. urfiitoi diro tov Trpoadnrov" KCti yap Br) el dXi~j9o)<i civto) 'Pw/a??? eVeV/ja/cTO. fivpia Be Kal aXXa Kara Ttpbyvwcnv avTov Xeycov irpopbavTevaaaOal re Kal 7rpoecprjp. Tat? aXAat? kclt avTov BiafioXaU 77/30? tov KciTijyopov crvyKdTeiXeKTo. ivl Pco/xai(ov 7r6Xeco<i fiera ravra Kopiov.. kcu ra p. eXeXrjdei. p. uiricnoTarov Kal avTM Bo^av tu> ^iXoarpdra) TrapairrjTeov. 6 Tt &)] fiera Odvarov iirl BevTepav ^ot]v ijyayev. KciTiiyopiav.?. tj Be (ptjaiv.(p ^rvx>]<i puevTOt dpcpifidXXei.FLA VI US PHILOSTRATTS cap. rovrovl avrot'i f^rjv Be tov r XXVI Baipuova 6 epnrovcrav /ecu Xdpuav to ye bvopacnv -7-779 cro<pd>TaTO<i diroKaXel.eva vai Kevat ypd(pet. €W7rdpxcov iraiBl depcnrevovTas.

" Anyhow if such a miracle had really been wrought in Rome itself. just these and no more are against him. and least of all of the philosopher Euphrates who at the time was in the country and was staying in Rome. rehearsing the songs of Nero on his lyre for pay . when he desired to be initiated in the Eleusinian mysteries. For he saj-s that according to report "it was raining at the time. whether after all a spark of life might have not lingered on in the girl unnoticed by her attendants. and we learn that at Athens. although there are a myriad other cases in the book in which his sooth-sayings and prophecies are set down to his gift of foreknowledge . as we learn later on. who indeed. by no other names than those of Empusa and chap. and a vapour exhaled from the face of the girl. and declared that he would never initiate a wizard nor throw open the Eleusinian mysteries to a man who was addicted to impure rites. the priest there would not admit him. have been included by the accuser among the other charges levelled Well. i • i . We also hear about a lewd fellow who went begging about Rome. is related to have launched against Apollonius the accusation of being no other than a wizard. It would certainly had it actually occurred. and we are told that 553 .• i • i • i and we may safely reject it. Anyhow he hesitates and doubts. it could not have escaped the notice first of the emperor and after him of his subordinate magistrates.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS calls Lamia. the story clearly impressed theHome m r»i . the more particular and special achievements of too. As for the damsel whom he is said XXVI subsequently to have brought back again to life in raisJurom dead Rome after she had died. Apollonius.i ti rhilostratus himself as being extremely incredible.

ravrrjf €7TLTri?€ucreco<. &>9 avdy/cr] £k Moipcov. tu> E>p TOVTOIS Kal TOV T€TiipTOV 7T€pr/pa(f)eVTO<i. rbv Nepcovos (f)6/3op rrpoardrrf. perarroielv <paai piev roi<. ovre eBey'jdt] paOclv.L.ev e? e'<? fiaadvovs 01 . (pSds.e6a Be yoyres.. emjvet per. ravra Xeycov Bi)\o<. ou#' 07r&)9 crocf)i£oii>ro avra i'jpero.eva. t)yov/xai Be avrovs eyoi KaKohaipoveardrov<i dv6pco7ra>v. aX\' e£ &v irapa rots %oov<i Oeol ecpawov IBcev Be IvBois rov? rpliroBas Kal rou<.ev Kal Kaicelva' 01 tcl elprjp. Be e? ro irraaai ri a\el\frai. o Be elrrero rrpoeXeyev. (pi\oo-ocf)Ct)raro<. rrpoekeye Be 01 ov yot]revu>v.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. Bia. oivoeo~<f>oirav Kal ocra avrofcara elirov. elBwXwv ^&>/:oOi'Te?. £v rvepnrrw rrj? rrepl avrov ypa<pi)s elrru>v riva TrpoyvoQcreoos rrepi avrov teal aTroQavpu'uras 6 avyypa(f>ev<i. 01 p. ce aAA. crKey\ru)p. 01 S' i) OvcrLas (3ap[3upov<. ra etpappeva. Qi]\ovv be ovk jj^lov. eart rovs Treptfio^rovs 'IvBoov (f>t\o- 554 . Kal eaeodai avrd. Bij\oi p. puaObv ernBovvai ro?i eraipois 6 rrj? ao(p)}<. Br) eiriXeyei ravra Kara Xe^iv " Kivi'}<jei on pev ra roiavra Baipovla rrpoekeye Kal ore rol$ yorjra ^yovpuevoi^ rbv avBpa ov% vyiaivei 6 Xoyo?. XXVII CAP.

or by means of barbaric by means of certain incantations or But Apollonius himself submitted to the anointings. our author is so lost in 0! w^ardby admiration as to add the following remark. and their dumb waiters and other automata which I described as entering the room of their own accord. either by tormenting ." Such a passage as the above clearly exhibits in the light of wizards the famous philosophers of India.- THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS this most philosophic of teachers out of fear of Nero chap. as some - people do. which I true "That then he was enabled to repeat textually. decrees of the Fates.the ghosts : whom they encounter. and that it is no sound inference to suppose. revealed to him. the fifth book of his history. He only praised them. nor wished to learn. But let us consider the following facts wizards. make such forecasts by some divine impulse. but did not aspire to imitate them. and foretold that they must needs come to pass and his foreknowledge was not due to wizardry. XXVII Such are the contents of the fourth book. after a few remarks about his gift of prescience. is clear from what I have said. or . whom for my part I reckon to be the most unfortunate of mankind. and in chap. he neither asked how they were contrived. but derived from what the gods sacrifices. 555 . claim to alter the course of destiny. that Apollonius was a wizard. And when among the Indians he beheld their tripods. ordered his companions to bestow alms on him in recognition of his clever accomplishments.

. re i)yovp. .evo^ avrovs rals Kara. cr6(f)Ovs yorjras d'rocpaivcov.vol<. p. aocpird 7rapd$o£a Xeycov avrovs Kal rbv.ai Kal " eircovv plat ravrr]<. . ev BiKrj Be r/yovpai.ovevei Kal rovrcov. rjv e'<? rb rrpocrcpopov 'IvBol arei- Xavreq ecf kvkXovctiv. wpa pavQd" ovroi veivT /car perd /3pa%ea cpr]alv pev yap ' 9eoi re elai ical kckoct puivrai Kara rr)v TivOiav. ov 6 Xoyos. 0&9 eyco p.r]^avr)<. Xrjarai. rcov BtBaa kcCKcov avrbv vrvdyetv Bia/3o\a2<i. pL7] av T175 TOiaaol avrcov crocpiareias acrreta? dXXorpiov vironOepievos.ev rjydcrdrjv. elcrrj/crai Br) ovv Trap oh (prjcrt. Kal ev dXXoa eiri- Be bpoicos Oeovs re Kal BiBao-KaXovs rdvBpb<i re ypd'fyas 6 A0709 rov<i BeB)]Xcop. copa fcal Xovs eiviypacpbp. BaKrvXtov? eiriXewap' avrcov elXrjcpevai ouoXoyijaas avrov. prjpacriv avrols ravra cpdaiccov cnreiKos re iradelv piot Bokco (pikoao<j>La<.. " ovtc Alyvirrlcov. ovkovv diroKaXcov Kal BiBaaKacpatvotro tovtovs Oeovs AttoXXcovios. Kal avvBia/3dXXcov T019 BiBa<TKdXoi<i rbv pa6i]ri]V cvk 556 erralei.ertavcp Be elarjKrai Xeycov 'Idpxw d^iovs <r°'» iroXepLos r) 777209 tppacorrjv toi)? 'IvBovs . re koI puanapiov*.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.evos ^ecrdat rrepl &)? el Br) rbvXbyov p. v-^rrjXi)^ co? Br) re Kal 6eia<.evov^. " Kal rt? tt/jo? Kal Aop. yvp. r)rrr]6eh ev K€Koapit]pievr]<. vvv. crocpov<.vrjp. e«- ev BUy p. rrepl yap rot yo^riov iroiovp.6vov<i TfjfS dvOpcbircov 6eov<.

If therefind Apollonius calling these Indians gods. to a philosophy which. he chap." And after a little he says " For they are not only gods. on the ground that they were not moral. it is now time to learn. mentions them too and says that their marvels were xxvn cleverly contrived indeed. to have yielded myself to a philosophy so highly elaborated. but that his hero held himself carefully aloof from such their contrivances. I think. the Indians mount. both of them Indians. the following. if I may use a metaphor from the stage. but are adorned with all the gifts of the Pythian prophetess.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS For notice that when he is arguing about wizards. but now he forgets all about it. as their disciple. we have no alternative but to bring him also under the imputa- fore we and enrolling himself tion under which his teachers lay. upon a lofty and divine mechanism before they wheel it out upon the stage. and that I am right in considering them wise and blessed. he maligns the disciple. appellation ? " And which this history of 557 . And that I was right to admire them." And he is introduced to Domitian with these words on his lips " What war have you with Iarchas or with Phraotes. And accordingly introduced as saying among the so-called Naked I quote his sages of the Egyptians. " It is then not unreasonable on very words my he is — : part. whom I consider to be the only men that are really gods and that deserve this : : there are other passages also in Philostratus recognises the persons above mentioned as gods and teachers of the sage. and admits him to have accepted rings from them. as it deserved to be mounted. and does not see that in maligning the teachers.

ypacpfj tf au\r)Tr)v virOTiOerai. e7ricrT?//x^?.f3ov\oi Kal oi'Be oi dvBpes. Kara dyaOol Be tovtcov av/j. ye ^Btj avros debs Kal /3aai\e(ov Ti'a? (ppvcirreTai 6 Trjs Alyvir- Kv/3epv/]T7)<. rbv Alalia Bellas Kal tov ILvcppaTiiv firjirto ovtw e? ciacpopav rjKovTa. ore Troir)Tr)s eivat . Kai tov AirohXaiviov axnrep tivo? ovarii fxeyiaTTjs /ecu ao(fx0TdT7]<. XXIX Tc3 TOiV it' 8' avrw Baai\el ovs av ainbs BoKiudtot. Kai avucs. xxviii 'T7ro/3a<i S' iv rrj v . tov fiev co? Kal ev%f] p. yvwplaai " \i£iv cprjalv avrdp d^tovvri. EvcppaTT/s Kal Alcov irdXai aoi yvcopifioi 553 .€ elprjKCvai /3a<xtA. XXIX cap.ea. ^ i (piXoaocpcov avp. " elitev. fxavlas to diroBeovcrav.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS XXVIII cap.{3ov\ovs twv TrpaKTeiov.ao-iv Bie^ep^eTar teal avrofcpdropa Ovecnraaiavbv ota Br) Oero Trpoaeu^acrOat avrw icnopel." tov Ove<T7racitto- atavbv evXoycos pLrjOev " 7TOL7]cr6v tov Be " KpivacrOai' rf]<i eTTOtrjaa" Kal Tt? ovk dv /xicnjaeiev aXa^ovelas rr)v (pcovr'iv. vecos tovto yap avTos eavTov Tip' yfrv-^rjv iv 6 'AttoWwvios yeyovevac Tat? irpbs tov 'IvBbv 6/xi\iais /AiKpw irpbaOev fj/uv BeBr'jXwKe. w pacnxev. „ . Tpbirovq to?? avXrja eoos fxaXa elpovra gttovc) alios fia/cpol? BieZyyijfj. . .

because he had not yet quarrelled with And again. and he relates brings at length how Apollonius delivered himself with great gravity of long essays upon the different modes of playing the flute." Euphrates and Dion have long been known to you 559 . as if it were the most important and clever of the sciences. the latter.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS XXVIII in the book he a little lower clown a flute-player upon the stage. And he relates how the Emperor Vespasian offered him prayers just as if he were a god. XXVIir 8 ^^fil' maker " I have made whereupon Apollonius answered you so. XXIX to the same Emperor." What else can anyone do but loathe this utterance for its boastfulness. when the latter asks cn VP to notify to him those whom he most approved xxix of among philosophers as advisers and counsellors of Relations these words Euphrates his policy. for we learn that Vespasian said in a tone of prayer: "Do thou make me Emperor. he said.' and he pointed to Dion and to Euphrates." : And ciiap. for one who was the pilot of a ship in Egypt to boast of being himself a god already and a maker of kings ? For Apollonius himself has informed us a little before in the course of his conversation with the Indian that his soul had previously been that of a pilot. so nearly does it approach downright madness. Apollonius replies in "'These gentlemen here are also good advisers in And hjm : such matters. " My sovereign.

7rpo? Be cfoi.. a Ovearraaiavb^. ovv eioi rrXovrov. eirel avru) ek." " e</»?. Karri rcov rpaire^cbv v7ro/cd7rr/\o<i TeXd)vr]<i yBi] BiaXeyerat o/3o\oardTT]<. yap evye to) TOf9.e7riTei^LL€t <pi\oo~6(f)(p dvBpi rwv kvvwv vvv rbv eavTOv rrXovrov. 7rpo9 /cdXei Ovpais 07] elalv ov/c dcbpovriBes ru>v crocfrd) tcdfceivow. e? Kotvbv 7rpb<.evof. crv ydp. erepois rov Aiyvirriov rovrovl (SoaKLov xpij/xacri Kal o^vvcov err ifie yXwrrav d^iav KaraXeirrco etcTerpL^aBai." 6 evp7]o~ei<i rbv Ovecnrao-iavbv aocf)bi> St) rrpbs rbv irarepa /cal dyaObv rov TLvfypdrrjv fiaprvpo/j-evos. JLixfipaTijv /xev S>) KoXaKas eircuvm.evd re KaX ircoXovvra. rl Xeyw Ka7n]Xos y^p/jp.7] rbv vibv ravra rrepl avrov Sie^iaov.FLAVICS PHILOSTRATUS cap 6We? atov. izdina yiyvop-evo? rd ircoXovp. S<)Ao<? dv elrj 560 .Ti]s vvv dya66<. direXi']^-!] he /cal inrb tcov Ovpcopwv iroXXaKis.rfS. " aickel- tj}? dvpas rrapeyu) aocpois dvBpdcriv. r)v p.vQei' el eT e\9oi karat — bpa — baov /lli) e? Bia<popdv 7rco ovrrw he tout' riavbv ypdefrer " teal fir)v birbaa yiyverai cf>i\oa6(j)(p dvBpl Ko\a/eevovri robs Svvarovs BtjXoi rd JLvcfipdrov 7rr)yai fiev oia irepl avrov o avrbs irphs Ao/xe- rovrw yap evrevdev.' dvBpe.7)r irore 7rpoep." irpoyvwaew^ rov ijpcoos' JLv(f>pd. KaX TrpoaeaTrjKev avrals TrXelw Kaipbv oi )) dvpcopoL. \byov. rov avupwirov KaKico r) epfirjvevco. wairep he ovBe oi Xi^voc Bpa^p.ara . evTerinrcorai Be del rais rcov BvvaT(bv 6vpai<. re teal erodes..

is openly convicted of praising VOL. I will leave Euphrates to yourself: for unless you approve of flatterers. or a tax-gatherer or a low money-changer for all these roles are his if there is anything to buy or sell. for your welfare. O O . because he lias not yet quarrelled with him but when he has. you will find the fellow worse than I represent him." " I throw Whereupon Vespasian answered my doors open wide to wise men. and you see him standing at them more : the prescience of our hero ? On this occasion Euphrates is both good and wise.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS and they are at your door. — much . and then inveighs against him in this style to his son. for they are both of them wise. then see how the same person writes to the Emperor if Domitian " And want to know how think of — . Summon them also therefore to XX1X your conference. And he clings like a limpet to the doors of the mighty. but he walls up all his wealth within his house . and sharpening his tongue However against me. II. wealth from that source ? Why. and are much concerned chap. and before long he is going to. regularly than any doorkeeper would do . only supporting this Egyptian out of other people's money. But he never yet bestowed a farthing on a philosopher. he has perfect fountains of wealth. indeed he is often caught by the doorkeepers." What can we : yet you a philosopher may attain by flattery of the mighty you have only to look at the case of For in his case why do I speak of Euphrates." Surely one who first bears witness to Vespasian the father that Euphrates is a wise and good man. just as greedy dogs might be. when it ought to be cut out. and already at the banks he discusses pi-ices as a merchant might or a huckster.

dWa SiafidWeiv avrbv fiovXtrai. oj<? to? 8i] oV. eraipois. ap ovv o rrjV o<? rjv rwv peWovrcov TrpoeCh. 562 . el yap ovv 6 \Lv<ppdri]<i Trap" avrois nrdcnj <pi\o- o~o(j)ia SiaTrpeyjrai bpoXoy^Oeiri. co^ar. 6 dvOpwiros. rrapdheiypa rtjs Kara rov 'AttoWcoviov &ia/3o\f)<. rovrovl Se rrpbs eKeivov Karijyopovpevov <fcav\7]v rrepifidWeadai. vcrrepov he Tr}$ Sia(f>opd<. el /3ov\oiro. re Kal karat rbv rpbirov 6 TLvcfrpdni? . vrrb rovSe Spcopevois. drdp Kal tw ]Lv(f>pdrr] rfjs eh rd fiaaiXeia rrapbhov KoivuivCor. ftiov. rov. Kal yap ov Kal eV avrov Ovecnraaiavov vvv rrpwrov. 7Tw? ovv to rj0o$ poy6i]porarov rbv roiovhe avvlart] Kal d/cXelarovs avrw Bid Ta<? nap avrov Gvardaeis rds 7rvXa<i &>9 .. (SovXerai rbv di'Bpa. tov avrbv erraivwv re zeal yfreywv. Bf]\ov 7t/do<? dpa rrpbyvwcnv pev aVKOCpavretrai dv a\Aft)<? rod . avyypa<fyea><. /3aai\ei.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. (paai. aSeaOai. wpa piaorrov^piav pev eKeivov Karrjyopelv. on St) pii] rbv dpeaKOvra rut (pi\oao<pq) pberrjet. eh] S' yevvalos rrdXai pev irpb nelpas d<p66voo<. erre^iovros rol<i arorr(o<. (f)i\oa6<po)v dv rbv TLvcppdrrjv avKocf>avrovvra. royv j3ao~i\eiaiv dvarrerterdaQat dWa <ydp Kal rvcj)\d).iifyws yvaiaiv rjyvoei. eveKa roiavra rrepu avrov Xeycov. yevbpevov rcbv KaO' eavrbv emho^ora- tw? Kal e? Bevp\ ot? perean tyikoo-ofyias. ovirco ax? pot hia/3d\\en> o \oyo<. b Kal peyiarov Xdftoi dv Tt?.

that was the accusation. so much so that his praises are still on the lips of students of philosophy. but was afterwai'ds moved by his quarrel to use such language of him. — — 563 o o 2 . Was it then the case chap. and to suppose that the latter contracted his evil reputation because he was thus attacked by him for pursuing. as for himself. How then is it that he recommended such a person to the sovereign so warmly. as they say. nor what it was going to be ? For it is not now the first time. when he attacks him for his monstrous conduct . but already in the case of Vespasian himself he is inclined to accuse him of being the worst of characters.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS and blaming the same person. that in consequence of his recommendation the latter threw open wide the doors of his palace to him ? Why. did not know what the character of Euphrates was. XXIX that this man. is it not clear to a blind man. their admission a leader in all philosophy. it is open to us to accuse his rival of censoriousness. Euphrates included. if Ave could suppose that originally. a life so little satisfactory to a philosopher. Not but Avhat anyone who was minded to do so could take this as a palmary example of slander and back-biting and use it For if Euphrates be really by against Apollonius. that in the matter of foreknowledge the fellow is traduced by his own historian though on other ground he might be regarded as an honest man. to the palace as freely for his friends. and before he learned by experience. I have no wish in thus arguing to accuse Apollonius of having falsely blamed Euphrates. who was the most distinguished philosopher of all the men of his age. he wished to gain access . who was endowed with knowledge of the future.

9 dXi)6eveiv tw crvyy petrel kicao-Tov tci irapdZo^a.uf)opd<i epaVTeVCTCLTO. 09 Ti<? otl 6 tT/9 XlyvTTTOV 7rore /3acri\ev<i uTTaWdrTeL. XXXI cap. eiria-T^aaL o otl kuv it pay pen etas. <i>i\a\ij0r]<. ov<i 6 p. e'0' (f»)criv or} \\lyvTTTtcov yvp.ao"t9. 'Ai>#/3a)7ro(£ayof9 7rpb$ tov 'AttoWcoviov LieOvaKopievov. co? agiov 0X779 SoOfj t>. ti}<. Tricneveiv d£iol. TldXiv iv ctyet. avTcp SiaTreTrpd^dai 5 64 . dvaicoi- kcu vovvtcu ~ 7r/3o? Tltov.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS XXX cap.(pco<. w A//. TrtUTt pev ovv ra irpb t//9 Kcnriyopia<.vov<. /. to 6 BevSpov real irpoaayopevet rfj yv/xvov tov /cal AttoWcoviov evdpOpcp tovtois 0y']\ei epeovfj. (pt\o- ao(f)OVs.Lev r<p €KT(p ci/xa irapaho^oXoywv avTov. avTco 01 irevpaypieva. o-v/. opikicu re irakiv avTqi teal nrpoyvcoaei*. evOa tyrjcri. OV r eh) ttjv r v)^i'jv. kcu Si) Btj^OevTa KCtl ecfrrjftov into \VTTCOVTO<i KVVOS. Trpoard^avTCK. avvepyeia tovtcov SaiLiovos o~a.v9o\oyo<i Tot? eralpoi? KapajXcp 6%ov- Lievov. p<eXP l Kai tov kvvos eVjraVa? to (juXdvOpooTrov. ye ?}/xa? eira UvypctLovs dv&pas virep ti)v tovtcov taropel %copav aaTvpov re teal %icu'nrohas. eg e/ceivcov o avuis eirctveicriv eiri ti)v fcAAaoa. tov nrrekea.

spoke to Apollonius in an articulate but feminine voice. From these sages Apollonius is brought back again to Hellas. on camel-back to see those whom he theNaked calls the Naked philosophers of Egypt. )(jllf i. together with his companions. These then are the achievements which preceded chap. 1 Eusebius confuses the lion of V mad dog of VI 43 with the tame 42. Then we hear about a youth who was bitten by a mad dog. a former king of Egypt. For his evil demons his accusation.^ons"^*' lonius with the co-operation of a demon. he yet clearlv due to the shows that they were severally performed by Apol. for he brings his hero. and it out the treatise that. . and this is the sort of thing which the Lover of Truth expects us to believe. Here then s : s "/ at the bidding of one of these sages an elm-tree. drunk. >. for the sage's humanity extended to dogs. where he renews his interviews and his prophesies to Titus. we are told.XXXI even if we admit the author to A . 565 .»ius' tell the truth in his stories of miracles.THE TREATISE OF EUSEB1US XXX In the sixth book our story-teller resumes his tale chap. Then he has a story of pigmies who live on the other side of their country and of man-eaters and of shadowfooted men and of a satyr whom Apollonius made :l r. He is rescued from his distress by Apollonius. who forthwith proceeds to divine whose soul it was that the dog had inside him and Ave learn that it was that of Amasis. 1 XXXI behoves us to notice through. xxx of miracles .

koX Xdpiav epireTrapcov^Kevai p. Xoiird.? KareiXijTTTO. Tr}? el BieiXrjtficos re ivapeaTV koX p. el airb Xe7TTOTaT?. ireizovdei. /cal rod koX tovto Baipovos eincpaveias o~a<po}<. to koX avrb Be to iravcrai rbv Xoipbv.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.eXi]XaK€ Batfcovi. irapovo-la. el 6eia<i aperf)? pertjv avrco. l'cr&)9 av Bo^eiev. drropelv Be ev TrvvOdvecrOai Bi nfkeia'TOis ovtc kcu dyvoiav. kcu tovt eliroip! evOvveiv.ei£ovi Tax <- cr(0<> el. 60 a irpoeipt]KO)^ avrf/'i yap Bt] icai ra tcai Kara irpoyvcocnv elafjfCTai. auTos ecfujaev. btrep av. Be koX avTo e£ opiXtas /cal Baipovos avTw irpopep^vvro. daeXyovs Be peipaKiov i)v evoiKov Batpova. koX 1) irapa rep avrov el prj p. iva dXi]6i^. dv cpijcreie Tt?..vi]paTi rt ct)? ^^XV 'A^tWea)? av 8iarpi/3oi. kcu ttciXiv. birolov eiXriye Bpapa. Bel/cvvrai. avy^oypi^deir) elvat 777309 Kara irepiepyov p7]%av)]V av Baipovos aura) irapeBpov riva ovBe yap irtivra. to re yap rod Xoipcov irpoaicrOiaBai taws pev ovBe fcal ivepiepyov /caOapa<.vpioi$ eXey^ot? e£ rod ^iXocrrpciTOV ypa<pr)<. tovto Be irapi7repi ttcivtcov cracpes to pi] oV bXov koX ttjv TTpoyvoicriv avrbv diroaco^eiv. otl cpdapa koX ovBev re irXeov yv.9 a)? SiaiT?. opoLws re 566 . KareiXijcpdai. rd<i ev aTroXenrovo-a tjv pbaKcipcov v)]Toi<. re efajcrev tg5 epirovadv ^ievLTnrco. dXXci TrpoBeBijXcoTai. Biaycoyds. opuax. <7T>](Ti rcov pceXXovrcov.

This is clearly proved by the fact that he did not retain his gift of foreknowledge uniformly and in all cases but was at fault in most cases. yet might quite as well have been a premonition imparted to him in intercourse with a For though the other stories of his (Union. and had through ignorance to so in all. demon . which is . if we allow this particular story to be true. having grasped and foretold the future by virtue of his prescience can be refuted by a thousand arguments which Philostratus' own text supplies. In this case too it was surely a demon that appeared to Apollonius and in whose presence he found himself? Then again the licentious youth was clearly the victim of an indwelling demon and both it and the Empusa and the Lamia . 567 . though it was not seem due to some uncanny contrivance of a that was his familiar. as people would probably say. Moreover. I should certainly say that his apprehension of futurity was anyhow in some cases. if he owed it. quitting the Islands of the Blest and the places of repose. the soul of Achilles should not have been lingering about his own monument. XXXI to be magical and uncanny. to the lightness and purity of his diet. nevertheless. as he himself said. he had been endowed with divine power and said to have played off its mad pranks on Menippus.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS presentiment of the plague. as he would not have needed to do. make if enquiries. And the very cessation of the plague. though it might not CHAP. were probably driven out by him with the help of a more important demon the same is virtue. according to the particular turn which was given to the drama. has already been shown to have been a delusion and nothing more.

ov% on ye ev Oelois Kal 7rapo8o^ot<.ov avTov avyypap. airiv- Orjpa eirl r v%fj<i r kuto. &>? Kal irpoaOev ecfiijv.?. av Kal tov t«9 V1T0 (frpevas iraparpaTrevra veavlav TOV \. 568 . yeyevrjp^evov. apKeaOevTe^ irepl Kal eVl to e/38op.p. opa iraaav avTw irapaho^oirouav. " et'y' virrjpxe.ao~ioi<i.a. Muota pev ovv Kal dvaXe^aadai eveXeyKTOv Kal irdpeaTiv €K twv avTwv avyypap. epLirvovs to yap dva/3i(i)o-do")]<. XXXII cap. to t€ iv ai/ToU do~vo~TaTov aWa pvOwhes T€ Kal TepaTw&es direvOvveiv.pidTO)v. ovv. v7rapxovcrr)<.eTLCop. irepiatpeTeov 6avp.VTT0)VT0<i KVVO<$.€Ti]X\a^e {ie66&q>. aiwirfi to Tt]\iK0VT0 7rapeS60r] eV avTrj<i 'P(op.aToiroi{a<s' ov yap av. p.7r€Te\eLT0 /cop?. a>? 8ia t>}s Zaip. tov crvyypatyea Kal iKpdSa tt)9 tov irpoacoTTOv <pepovaa.oviKrj<. dW ovV ev (f^iXoaocpoa nrapd Tiat tmv vvv fiv7jp.rj<.7}<. {3acn\ea>S e7TC7rap6vTo<.evoi<. Kal 6avp.ev ai)TOV. inrovpytas. T0t9 elp7)p. ttj ti-jv avTrj /j. o/io)?.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. a. a\)TOV T€ TOV hcLlfXOVWVTCL hrj Kvva e<prjv. eirei ye ovSe 7ro\\f]<i Ta KaTa tov avBpa BeiTac o-irovZaioXoy'ias.

are so far from classing him among divine and extraordinary and wonderful beings. This being so. so enabling us to detect its mythical and miracleAt the same time we need monfferinff character.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS who had been driven out of CHAP. XXXI1 select from the same books. You must then. be content with the remarks we have made. XXXII are a thousand other examples then which chap. 29 Rome itself. and if a vapour rose over her face. 5 69 . where the narrative refutes itself by its very incongruities. Ch. as I said. as having been accomfor the replished through a ministry of demons suscitation of the girl must be divested of any miraculous character. mind by the mad dog and the frenzied dog XXXI itself was restored to its senses by the same method. miracles wrought by him. and proceed to consider the seventh book of his let us history. seeing that those of our contemporaries among whom his memory survives at all. as I said before. not devote too much attention and study to the gentleman's career. if it happened when the sovereign was close by. For it is impossible. that they do not There we may even rank him among philosophers. that such a miracle should have been passed over in silence in . regard the whole series of true also ot the youth his . as the author says. if she was really alive all the time and still bore in herself a vital spark.

a irepl avrou (ptjcriv airoXoyov- " pbevoi' ahla p. 8rjTa . iravra.evos. are el8oo<." ttcivt /cal 8i] 6 iv tovtois el8evat pbeya\avy^ovpevo^.. ov yap tca/cia ye ov8e /xeTayvovs. tnroXoylav vop." XXXIV cap. to 8e ipavTW. .iv avTO to twv Uvdayopeiwv a^fjpa. elia • iSt] IX1]T pi<d <plkoaO(p(p UTTOTpeiTOVrL fir) aVTOV j T7]S 67TI T^t» 'PcopLtjv irapohov. ev%epei$ clvtw Trpb<. ol8a 8e &v oiSa to jxev airovhaioi^. ctXXwv aura? /cal eKTiOrjcnv. . wv ?.evo<$. Teo-aapas atrial. irepl eavrov a>8e 7r&>9 Xeryer "iyco Be yiyvcocr/cm piv irXelcrra avdponrwv.kv Tt? r/v.e9elvai <prjo~iv. elra Aa/ii? pieraTrXaTTeTat. i)v V7r!)\0ev e? to aup.ev i]8e tov p. 6 civtjp.. liraydr) riva (popn/ca. 8ia davdrov (pofiov tov (fii\o<To<pov 67riKpv7rTop. ta 8e aocpols. 'E7rl tovtois 6 <£>i\6aTpaTo<. a/cove 8 ovv avTw tov crvyypa(pi(0<. ra 8e Oeots.(pepov tov /caipov. Te%vijv p.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS XXXIII xxxm cap. 8e eTraiveaas.io-0etcra<. /cal Trei6op.era/3a\ecv tov Adp. yoijreiav . airb ifkeiaTasv to? 8r) opioXoywv avei\e)(dai. Ti 8?)Ta 57° . p. irpo'idiv 7r/?o? ayvoiav tivwv tov \6yov KartjyopetTat. K-aTtjyopelrai .

before he goes much further is accused by the text itself of an ignorance in certain matters. and Apollonius rejects his advice in words which are full of vulgar effrontery and fulsome of himself. for the latter conceals the fact of his being a philosopher because he is afraid of death. xxxin being a wizard. noment." XXXIV After this Philostratus sets forth four counts of chap. and he admits that he has collected these out of a great many others.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS XXXIII Here then we find him categorically accused of chap. partly for the wise. are as follows " But I praise They : that I know I reserve my at the everything knowledge partly for good men. Listen then to the words in which our author apologises for him " This was the reason then of Damis' putting off his Pythagorean For he says that it was not cowardice that dress. nor regret at having worn it but he did it because the device recommended itself as suggested by the expedience of the affairs. Next Apollonius disguises Damis. And yet the partly for myself. know most human seeing same time : . partly for the gods. led him to make the change." man who in these words brags about his omniscience. . Next we find Demetrius the philoto dissuade him from going on to sopher trying Rome. the indictment which he imagines it will be easy xxxu for his hero to defend himself from. Of these the first was What induced him : 57i .

ods av eVl o~vp-<f)opa tov hihacncdXov. Zo/celv. Adp. iirl ri]v aiiTrjV diraaiv n \ >/ /) O0 avupcorrot ueov ' eyoi aToXrjv. pioi iv tS> " pa].aTC <f)i]crlv elp. /cat peTa ti-jv twv eyKXrjpidTcov Xvaiv ovk oiS birws dtcaLpcos.ol T07rov.ov to (zvtov iirl eWa irdXiv dva\a[3ovT TrpoTepov p. eiriheZ^ai \e\vp. >\ / avrov vevopuKaai. Tavrais. /3ov\ei. XXXIV paOcov / ov n tov X aP LV rptTrjv. tmv iy/c\t]p. ovv avyypacfrevs eVl tov fcaTa. rcdp. zeal 8r) iirl tovto> tco dcpaviaOrj- vai tov Si/caaT-rjpiov avTov. KaTa (pavTacnav. viro T7)piov tov Trapehpov hai^xovos tu> Adp.evov tov 8eap.€Ta tovto /cpivo- avTov /3aai\ecos Aop.181 pd\a \v7n]pw<i. irpbs TavTas 8e <pi]ai koX ttjv diroXoylav auTov yeypacpivai.e KTeveeis. p.1. Sos.eva) avTopaTOV crtceXos. t^v pudWov Se oj)S' dv to yap -^rv^ijv dhvvaTOV. XXXV XXXV cap.Keip. toi* nvoOev Trpoe'ncoi 'E^ecrtoi? \oipb6v. awpia Tovpibv Xdfiois' Se ov yap p. irepure hiKaaTrjplw ai)Ta el 8r) TaiJTa el avcKpfovfjcrai. 8ia. e7rel ovtoi p. 00s eoi/cev. teal iv tovtols to irepl avTov KaTacrT picket hpdpca.evov Si) Trjs a^pa tov evOelrai els to Xvttijs iroha. tov \7]\jr6p. to Seapcor v < r \ a ' ± uavpbaTOS.eTiavov ypdcpet.opaip.dTO)v diro\vdrjvai. t'ivl j3ahiaa<.ev6i> ptov to acopua.6s irepifBoi'jTUi pt]p. els dypbv avarkpiot tov iralha tov 'Ap/cdSa. irpoTepov S' laTopel heapols avTov TrapaSoOfpai icai tl 6avtw yap toi pao~Tov evTavOa KaTepydcraaOat.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS chap.t8i ewpapuevov. ?) 8e. €7rcpiev ' >r 'O 572 .

second Why was it that men esteemed him to be a xxxn god ? the third. 'for thou shalt not slay me." And then after this famous utterance. our author adds the in regard to Now seems was an illusion. then send someone to take my body. After that he was brought to trial before the Emperor Domitian. : . an opportunity to speak but if not. Nay you cannot even take my body. all he relates how he was cast into prison. cried out in the court exactly as follows " Accord me too. For we hear that Damis was extremely downcast at the misfortunes which he imagined had befallen his teacher whereupon Apollonius showed him his leg released without effort from the chain. with curious inopportuneness. and we read that he was acquitted on the charges. for my soul you cannot take. and this is the conclusion of the whole drama. as it seems to me. we are told that he vanished from the court. xxxv imposed on the eyes of Damis by the familiar demon. : . 573 . since I tell thee I am not mortal. and the miracle which he wrought there. if you will. he put his foot back again into its former condition and habit. XXXV it the miracle in the prison. which chap.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS to wear a different robe from everybody else ? and the cnAr. Then having thus alleviated his follower's grief. and that after being so acquitted he. How had lie managed to predict the plague to the Ephesians? and last of all: In whose behoof had he gone to a certain field and cut up the Arcadian Hboy ? To meet these then he alleges But first of Apollonius to have written an apology.

/cpe'mwv dv0p(oirov. on 0elo<i /cpeirrovos dvQpdnrov " (j>vcrea)<. (pvcreoos. crvvi^ai. rd rov hehepevov eyo> he ovtto't cf}Oirr]TOV. i)v pi] avrbs avy- ypa(f>ev<i hi]\ol \eya>v. elirovTa pLoaavra /carayeXdaai rov heapov. civ pi] .rj%avf]<i ov/covv rd tco hid irepiepyov ireXeiTO p. eirev^dpevov. /cal evapainco to &/ce\o<.i]he /cara7r\i]TTeo-0ai avrd.." rfjra dv Karayvo'n]v fipahv- rov /cal rov irdvra filov avvcov avTw. dycovia /cal hehie a>9 virep dvQponrov. t>}<> " Tore irpdrov . el Ti irdOoi rrapd irpoalpeaiv. prjhe..eiv rov Adpiv to? ei/c6ra><. on deia re eh] ti. hib TreTroirj/coTa. vvv pi]he 0avpdt. hecrp. oU' en vvv perd Toaavrrjv Oavparovpylav ra /car etVoro)? pi] avrov dyvoei. yap Ovaavrd 7TW9 pi]he yap ev ti. he tovto irpwrov ireirovdev. 6 Adpis <fir]alv a/cpifto)<. ^weivai /cal AttoWcovlou (f)vcreo)<.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS XXXV cap. el TrpaTreiv. £evov tivo? vtt ainov irapa 574 . (f>epei Xeyav. ovhev r'jyeiro hid tivgov irepiepyoiv bpwv avrbv diroreti hia(pepeiv /cal avrbv t% 8' 0vi]Tr}<.coTi]pla> pi]he evPdpeupv. Xovvra rd rrapdho^a. pi]he ri twv a7ropp7]T(ov elprj/cora" to irapdho'l-ov Ihelv avrbv rrporepov dvhpi. 6 tovtou crvviheiv d^iov alriav. yap Oucravrd ti. he hi] jrpwTOV hrj dpri perd eh] ri]V /cal ri]V roaavri]v hiarpift/jv. p.

that he realised that' he was indeed divine. then he now for the first time experienced these feelings.. and without a single prayer. and superior to the rest of the human race. and full of apprehension in his behalf. then it behoves us to scrutinize the reason which our author alleges for his doing so. as he says. might well be). " and without uttering a single mysterious word he saw that he had wrought this miracle. — — pupil of being a dull-witted man. following remark the first time that he truly understood the nature of xxxv Apollonius. after having passed so long a time with him. It follows that the fellow's earlier feats were accomplished by the help of some uncanny trick. and how indeed in prison could he have offered one? and without a single prayer. because.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIL S " Daniis says that it was then for cttap. . to wit that it was divine and super. human for without offering any sacrifice. nor filled with wonder by them. and witnessing him work miracles by means of certain uncanny agencies. he quietlv laughed at the fetters. and that is why. after being with him all his life." . he failed to regard him as in any way superior to the but now after such a display of rest of mortal men thaumaturgic energy as the above. because he felt that his master had accomplished : 575 . now for the first time. in these words " For without any sacrifice. he comported himself like any I should be the last to accuse his other prisoner. Damis was not astounded at these things. without even a word. lest any affliction should come upon him But if indeed it was against his own wish and will. he is still ignorant of his true character and taking him to be a mere man he is full of anxiety (as in that case he . Naturally. and then inserting his leg in them afresh.

evov. rrpocrrd^avros /3ao~i\e&)9. d<pii)cn ae. cra(p(o<i dvarrecpavrai 76*79.01 crvvr]o-9rip. XXX\ I 'AXXa yap ovk / >/~ e'9 pba/cpdv av0L<. rovrcovl / rdv 8ecrp. et. aWv to Oeparrevei \0709 Ovcncov kcu eirwBoiV dppjjrqy ran teal rov rrapa86%ov vrrep civQpwirov 8uvdp. XeXvrai. Xeyco /ecu roix. el vrropueivas BiKaarijpiov ou 70*79.?. 'ArroXXoovie.evo? &>9 S?) yeyovos. p. ev kvkXco Bopvcpopovs. 7ra>9 8i'io~eis ' . 6 'ArroWcovios avveXoyiaaro odSl tto)?* " el fiev yorjrd p.ol<. tc5 Se 8ia8pavai rovro kcii T01/9 a/i^' avrov ftacriXea. 7rco9 yovv avrco t£9 8eap}>v ov 70?. XXXVI CAP. Ta rov '' <jvvi)6rj 8ia7re7rpayp. /cat irpo'i oecr/xov (pdapia tci? Trpbs to heiyOev 8e diro rov oucao~Tripiov rip avayji>pr)Giv. irdvv ye ukoXovOux. 6 o 8tj p. Kal 576 . 7rw9 \i\vrai crov to cvce\o9 .?.o)v /3ao~i\ev<. dvriKpovcrei yoijra elvai cpijcreis .FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. 7T&)9 oti 76*79 . <yap avrov rrapa8o6?)vai.e ffyfj.ee Trecpijvoros. Kal el tw vrrop-elvai rov 8e Byjcreis. tco copioXoyriTCU 70?. j rrapaar^o-erai eXeyxos' avruca yap rivos ern" w GTavTOS avru) Kal cp/]cravTO<. 8okco. Aofienavov avrov rov AttoWcovlov •rot <fi(ova$ irapaOeipLrjv cur 8eap. d>8i 7rco9 €k rovrcov opp-wpLevo^' ec et Be puev ov 76*79. j rrjs / (pvcreuK..rj vrropLelvai real tear avrov ro Kal av rrdXw.

"' Surely one may invert this argument and use it against him somewhat as follows. I mean of course the bodyguard that stood round him. and permits you to reside in the jail where xxxu 577 VOL. because he submits to the chains. keeping to his own premisses: If you are not a wizard. " If argued as follows you think me a wizard. his habitual performances. the Emperor releases you from these chains. then how was your leg liberated from the chains ? and if it was liberated. : supplied to us. he was vet clearly revealed as such when he ran off and eluded the court : and retinue of the Emperor. And again if. XXXVI Moreover we have not got fresh test of his character is to go far. Now I believe that our author is aware of this. II. for presently a messenger presents himself and says " O Apollonius. I will quote the words which Apollonius himself addresses to Domitian. he is not a wizard. In reference however to XXXN the phantom chains shown to Damis and to his departure from the law-courts. then if he does not submit to them. and endeavours to gloze over the fact.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS something which was quite unusual and contrary to CHAP. Apollonius. he is a wizard by his own admission. then how are you not a wizard ? And if. when he pretends that this miracle was exhibited without sacrifice or any sort of incantation by some ineffable and superhuman power. how can you say that I am a wizard. P P . how will you bind me ? And if you bind me. with perfect consistency. before a chap. because he submitted to be brought to trial. he was not a wizard. For when the monarch ordered him to be thrown into chains.

pLeraa/cevdacov (l \ r/ evrevdcv. kol aKovaop.e\- Xovtos iroppoirdroi rvy^dvcov rrdvra Oetoraros. XaXeovros dyav. cog 77yJO? vScop ri)V ti'iroXoylav 7roiyaopevo<i eo~7rov8a£ev. a>? el/cos. EtTa Kai Xoyov u-jro\oyia<. diroTreo-iov Trpoyvwaecoq irvvOdverai. iyat". /SaaiXea." Spa 6 St).L 61T0V. 578 . iXevOeptov Seo-pcortjpiov avy^wpel OLKeiv. pLcirrjv on Syra et? avrw aTrovSaaOycreTac y yap ciKovaeaOai &>? ypcKp/p o'ierai pbkv avrov diroXoyovpievov crcf)68pa 7U0ava)<. 7repi%apela<. £vveiXe be avrov 6 rvpavvos /cal 6 e? a? etprj/ca dvayeypd<p6a) X070?. Kcocpou le ^uwet? teal ov viro tj}<? Ttj<. a/cove ovv KaX Trepl tovtcov.eiva<." 6 Kpeirroiv 17 ai'6poi)7ro<i ical rwv peXkovrcov 7rpoyvooaTr]<. 7rco<. 6 84. rov p. " pie " " tt? ovv 6 e<pr). d/covcov. old o eXe /^09' ft " eVet Be kol X0709 avrw avveypdcpy epwrtjo-eis. XX XVII cap. Beioiaro^ pioKa ye iretppovTia pevcos <tvvto.evov ye Trapacncevd^eTai ryv d-rroXoyiav.erd irXeiary^ oay<i (f)povri8o<.tt€i.. a? ov 8eov avrov ryv St) airov8i)v tcare(f)i)aiv o-r/jaaro.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. Xeycov. > KO. p. Tl$ a>9 7T/50? vBcop ttjv diroXoyiav dcfujaovri. 6 he ravryv pi] dvap. ayvowv.

prisoners are not bound who is superior to mankind and has foreknowledge xxxu of what is coming.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS " . I have determined to publish this oration also. XXXVI most careful of manners an harangue in defence of after all his composition himself. for what he says is a refutation of himself: "But inasmuch as he had ." Note then how utterly at fault this entirely divinest of beings was about the future. that he suddenly drops out of his gift of foreknow" Who then will get me ledge. renders all his trouble I would ask you then to useless and unnecessary. if he took so much trouble and care to proportion the length of his apology to the time allowed him by the waterclock. so follow me. 579 p p 2 . composed an oration which he meant to deliver in defence of himself by the clock. whereupon Apollonius. listen to the following. For he imagines that the Emperor will listen to his defence of his case. and asks outright " I out of this place ?" and the messenger replied: myself. at the news. quite unaware that would prove a mere waste of effort. chap." : XXXVII Next this most divine of men composes in the chap. and according to the poet " Hath understanding of the who speaks not" is dumb and heareth him so overjoyed. and on that assumption he arranges his but the apology along extremely plausible lines latter by refusing to wait. as well he might be. only the tyrant confined him to the questions which I have enumerated.

a. 9epdTrovre<i hiaKOvovpevot. Kal rrjv efrveriv. rrlOot re opftpcov Kal dvep^cov Kal eravhapdxivov vhoop Kal oaa dXXa roiavra Kal ovk coKvet elcrrjKraL. Kal %d\Keoi.? ahaei r/v ovn ye 6 rv^oov. S' aucjyovs (p)]pi. irepl yorjrcov (prjcrLv. papai pev fiacrikea t?. e7rierri]o~as ot? re avrbs irepl yoi'jrcov 7) Kal yfrevdoaoipoov etpiiKe Kal ols SeSi'jXcoKev Kar avrbv laropia' opves re yap Kai <f>covf) 7rre\eai evdpOpco Kal 0i]Xec \a\ovo~ai. kavrov airoXvopevcs ravra " ak\d tou? yoryras tyevSoeivai Trap avrois. Aopertavco irpoacpcovcbv dirav$a8i^erai o>9 ctpa OvecnracrLavos ere trrowjaev. ^oveLcis. ov%l clktjv ep<f>pocriv vrrocrydiv. ra yap ovk ovra Kal ra ovra drncrra elvcti" KarapdOoi '4k re tt}? o\i]s irpaypareia*. ev yotjcnv avrbv KararaKreov. ovs arariKa 580 SiSao-KuXovs emypdfyeaQai. o>? 7ro\\a " /cat ctXXa ev ravrr). V7r epov oe eyevero. yap Die^Lrrjreov Kal riiv et? pdrrjv avrcp 7re7roirjfxei>r)v diro\oyiav. rivos av elev irapa" rd ovk ovra elvat Kal ra ovra r) rwv . Kai rpiTroSes avrbparoi <poircovre<. XXXVII AWa Xeywv. Kal rcov 8e&))\copivGt)v.. rrbrepa ev deiois ovv tis pepei ?. rtap ot? ijyeiro Oeots../ FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS XXXVIII CAP. ev Kal (fci\oa6(f)Oi<. eyeyovei. dX\' ov&e (pi\o- Tf? d\t]6co<. ero<pb<. dv0 pwneiav virepaipwv ereparevaaro av /x?. avoids rrapa tois elra oe t% Kar avrbv vrro"^ria<.

and water of sandarac the other things of the kind are introduced those whom he accounted gods and also did not hesitate to entitle his teachers. the following utterance." Heavens. what braggadocio! No ordinary person anyhow. he holds the following language concerning magicians " But I call wizards men of false and wizards for with them the unreal is made real. whether we ought to rank . except of people who can exhibit "the unreal as real and the real as and all among 5Si . transcending the rest of mankind. when he says Vespasian made you Emperor. could indulge in such high-fainting bombast without exposing himself in the eyes of sensible men to a charge of being mad. One may learn then the real becomes incredible. of whom else are all these things characteristic. has said about wizards and falsely wise men together with what is published in his own history. and waiters of copper serve at tabic. and tripods move of their own accord.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS XXXVIII But we must not omit to pass in review the CH AP XXXYIU defence which he so vainly composed. and jars are filled with showers and with winds. nor any real philosopher either. so I made him. for it contains of the arrogance with which among many examples he addressed Domitian. to " as wit. him among divine and philosophic men or among We have only to observe what he himself wizards." from the whole treatise and from the particular episodes set forth therein. For when oak trees and elms talk in articulate and feminine tones. Next in trying to rid himself of the suspicion which weighed upon him. . and wisdom.

outo? T779 ovS' el ^OXvprria irripcodeiri to dpapT^aeTat.7ra\iv ^revhoao(pia<. TetcTOvi/cbs eo-Tai.. " crvXXaj3al<. Kal ot&> evevaav Molpai to iv Togt/ej} Tas o-v/ret?. Kal otm h\ iv Spopov dpacrdoA." tovtois tov KoXaKevrov iirupepei Xeycov. Tjroi ovv i-jrl tovtois 6 delo'i Kal evdpeTos Kal Beofc /cexapia/xevos to aocplas dvahrjadpuevo'. ot>? avrbs y6rjTa<. 'lcovia. avrov UvOayopov rj iicelvov. yjrcvSoo-6(f)ov<. SiSdcrKOVTa a>9 el Kal jSaaikeiav t<w yjri]<piaaiVTO erepto i)8>] VTrdpxovcrav.' Kal tovtoi? t<w otco vreTrpcoTai yeve- adai T€KTOvi.. virep tcov i-n-iXeyei avrah 8ogdvTO)v Tat? Moipai?. a>? fir) d<paipeQe'ir\ 7T0TC V7T avrov rb ap^eiv. OUT09. virdp^eiv cnro^aLverai. ovS" av UTTOKTetveie tj? tovtov. (ptXoo-ocpfja-ai avrov iv elvai. aXov? KaKohaipovwv cnroLaerac ra XXXIX xxm HdXiv o{/to>? S' iv rfj . tcov. k&v cnroKoirfi vIki]v %etpe. irpcorela. a\i]dco<. oaot p.eT Kal patcpw evSacpove- arepos av KpiOdrj. KpaTO<. " tcl he tcov apXovTa 582 . ovtos ovS el a7ro/3dXoi eKireaelTai tov evo-Koirov. w/079.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS xxxvin % 7rta"ra ^vai" TrapaSeiKvvvTcov. Kal av dva^iwi) d-rroQavoov drpeirra a kXcoOovctcv. 6eLorepo<. ovopd^cov. ep. fipafielov. /cat.K(p.ypa(f>r) irepl Moipcov tV^yo? (pijai. cr/ceXo?.

will not miss the mark. will never fail to win. and had XXXIX 18 taught that the threads they spin are so immutable if they decree a kingdom to another which about tho that. Is it then on the strength of these things that this divine man. is to bind on his brow the prize of wisdom. the latter would vet be raised from the dead and live again in fulfilment of the decrees of the Fates and he continues "He who is destined to in these very words become a carpenter. chap. : have decreed that he shall be an eminent archer. already belongs to some one.THE TREATISE OF EUSEB1US calling XXXVI1 he shows that they are people whose wisdom j s false. will become one. even though he break his leg. and to be accounted truly more divine than Pythagoras and his successors. incredible " ? In himself the latter wizards. even if that other ionia were slain by the possessor for fear lest he should ever have it taken away by him." " And in drawing sovereign he adds the following : 583 . and he who has been predestined to carry off the prize for running in the Olympic games. Ionia about the power of the Fates. then. even though his hands have been cut off. even though he lose his And then by way of flattering the eyesight. endowed with all virtue and the darling of the gods. and to be considered far more blessed than he is he not rather to be found guilty of false wisdom and carry off the first prize for wretches ? . ' XXXIX In the same book we are told that he had reasoned chap. and the man to whom the Fates in J^ ' .

j3aatXea>v eXeyov e<? .ev(ov.- rjaOat /xe. elircov X0709.A. eVet yioipat? iSo/cei 6 pev dircoXero avrats eirel /3ouXat9.rj Sicwpvyovi avrov itcavws rjaQa.i]Bev rjyov rwv gwv evreOvp. ovBev irepl rt Kar avrov. 6 8' ev KelaeaOat rd eavrov e$>ao~Kev. ol Be vrr e'£ iyyovovs diroKreivetv avTOiv rb fiaatXevetv. av Be rd eiceivov vvv e%e£9. Kal ov7rco k'repa. .FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. el p. A. ptdXXov virep avrov rcov Motptov avra> Kal dvdyKrp. dtfiypedijcrav avcKpvvrwv p*ev(p- eV clvtovs d(f>avovs %vv rw iretrpod- Kal el pev ^ydirwv KoXaKevrtKi]v. rerpti)a6(o pot rjBe rj vevpd Kal p. A. rod dareos. I A. aTretXTjyjro elirov ptev av Kal rdBe evre6vpu?)odat.ertavov KoXaKal KadviroKplverat Be 009 vvv 6 yevvdBa<i. Be ro)v dpptovta KoXaKevTitcf] dyQopat. Karerripntparo Be 6 vabs rod Aibs trepl to? 6(f)pv<. BoKet yap pot eKpvOfLcov re ical ovk ev(f>66yya>v elvai." Bid rovrcov Be optov rbv dvBpa KoXaica /cat Kal ^evarrjv inrep 7-779 rrdvra ptdXXov rraplart]at i) (friXoaocpov 6 dXi]deia<. . ev 'lwvia 584 KeKiv7jp. ovto? — a\\' — Kairot ptetpaKtov oyxw?. kcu tovs Aatov? mv ol pcev iraZBas. ore virb JStreXXiov. rocravra yap rrporepov fcevet Kara rov Aop. olrjdevres. toi>9 W/cpicrlovs Brjirov opcov Aarvdyrjv re rbv MiySov Kal 7roXXoi/9 erepovs ev r'tOeaOat rd roiavra Botjavras.

let me at once cut this string out of my lyre. generous fellow that he is. 585 .about the Fates and Necessity. so long as you did not escape him. against Domitian. he now flatters him. the Mede." In this passage. since I abhor the forced concords of issued for it seems to me that they are everything that is out of time and out of tune. while you are now in possession of his throne. he perished with all his counsels. and not the man you are now.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS royalty. and of whom some were supposed to have slain their own children my examples from and others their descendants. and to many other monarchs who thought that their power was well established. and to Astyages. when you were blockaded by Yitellius. although you were at the time quite a stripling. And yet because the Fates had decreed otherwise. I admit. a treatise written ostensibly in the interest of truth draws a picture of a man who was at once a flatterer and a liar. so far from being directed against him rather told in his favour. And Vitellius declared that his own fortune was assured. to chap. XXXIX the Acrisii and to the house of Laius. However. for after inveighing so bitterly on the earlier occasion flattery. yet were deprived by them of their thrones. and the temple of Jupiter was burnt on the brow of the hill overlooking the city. I had reference. and request you to consider that on that occasion I had not your fortunes in my mind. Well. and anything rather than a philosopher. if I were inclined to flattery I should have said that I had your own history in my mind. and pretends that the doctrines he mooted in Ionia. when they grew up and forth against them out of obscurity in accordance with destiny.

r) dpa yfrevhijyopov? rivds Kal Karrjyopovs rov dvhpoq. Kal tcl? p. rdvei? Moipwv veias. Oelrj ri<i tou9 ravra pv>]pr) irapahehw" Kal rrov rov Kora<i .i\ia$ ovk ao-(f)a\. avrt]v " a> C09 7roXi/ hiap. 8idfcovov. ovj(l he d\i]$el<. " tw MeXrjri. ra rrporepov aoc ypacpevra SleXde rj} (f>covfj.apere Kal di'dyKi]?' yap el p. icai p.€L<i avTol? ojero. avyypacf)ea<.eir)s e'9 Aop.erd rvpavvevaat rrerrpwrai." Kal 717509 &>? " rvpavvoi ra Moip&v eiKovo? olot ^oXkt]^ lhpvp. Kal p. rb dXt]6es ripLO)vre<.r)he ol /3id£e<70a(. o/j.evo<.ev e7rio~To\ip.erd tou9 roiovahl Ko\aK€va>v rov rvpavvov. dvafiMoo-erat.o-^6-r)pla<i dirdari^ av Kal vevbp. pev 586 eirl irXelarov riKovres." elirev. el p. $iav7]-\}ra<. Kal virep t?}? drrdvrwv eppcovvve awrrjpia^. <$>tka\i]6ov$ S' ol 7rai8evaeo)<. iv 'E^ecrw " hiarpiftwv a§- Lcrrr) Aopuenavov tovs avhpas.eri.rjhev ri Xoyovs rovrcov C09 7rpo9 avrbv elprjaOai avru> Kareipw7TW9 ov p.aiov<." e\eye. kcu rbv & \oyov oiyei. .. aWov ere a7roXa/i/9a- iroiovpai drropp-qrov \apvnpov.avov rovs rrapovras.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS xxxrx xxrx Avdkafie hi)ra 7-779 rrjv laropiav. & crvyypatyev. emarpe-^ra^ dvorjre." rovrov Kal diroKrei- 6 oV. p. rcov Be eralpoov tow? o-coc^poveardrov^ aXXore " " vwv.£6r><. dveXevdepias Kpidelrj.evo<$. ore p. ftahlacu he ere XPV 'Pw/i^ irapd rbv helva koI rbv helva /cat hiaXe-^Orivai ol" Kal 009 " BieXeyero p. \apLTTpa koX <pi\a\i)0€L &J9 pur]Bev viroarei\dp.ev vrrep Moipiov kcu dvdyK7]<.

XXXIX fit of drunkenness." And how directing the of his audience to a brazen statue of attention Domitian which stood close by that of the Meles. sobriety after your out loud and in a truth-loving tone the passages you wrote on a former occasion. proceeds to flatter the tyrant. how can we judge indeed capable of all villainy and meanness unless assume that the authors who have handed down you to us these details of him were lying fellows who meant to accuse their hero and not true historians ? But in that case what becomes. For even if thou shouldst slay the man who is fated to be : despot after thyself. : ' ! said ' Thou fool. and regaining chap. he . ' 587 .' The man then who. of those who . and yourself to Rome to such And of how " he delivered converse with them a discourse on the subject of the Fates and Necessity. without Take then your in concealing anything read how when he was staying " Ephesus he did his best to alienate his friends from Domitian. after holding such language as this. and as it occurred to him that intercourse with them by letter was dangerous to them. and cynically pretends that none of this language was directed him other than against him. my author. and encouraged them to espouse the cause of the safety of all. how much art thou mistaken in thy views of Necessity and of the Fates. and argued that not even tyrants can overpower the " decrees of the Fates.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS your read history. he shall come to life again. he would take now one and now another of the most discreet of his own companions aside and f I have a most important secret say to them business to entrust to yourselves. to use the language " were historians of the Lover of Truth. so you must betake and such persons.

ra<. Kai ravra rol$ IBlois dvafxi- ^avra \6yois.ev(p Kai Qikocrrparos 6 'AOijvato*. Kai rol<. ovrax. ev a*9 yoijra Oavpcd^ei. ev AejBaceiq laropel /3ov\6fievov Tpo(f)covlou Kare\6elv." a<£' o)v ravra irapariOerac. 'E7rl Trdcri rbv 'AttoWwviov cnraWay evra rov eh hacacnripiov. rrjs a\t]6eLa<i ro (peyyos SujXey^ev. fidyov rr)<$ iraXai re Kai elaeri vvv vevopLiaOai. TrapLGTapAvovs yjrevara<i eVapyto? Kai airaihevTovs /cat yoi]ra$. avyypanels. 6 real crvvZiarpiyfras tw Srj\ovp. pvr) imrperreadac irpos rwv yoijra Kai rovrwv yjyov/xevcov avrov. dirb 8e avrov fidyois tw 5S8 . UXarcovd re rrapd rwv ev Alyvurrcp iepecov re /cal Trpcxfcrjrcov iroWd 7rapei\7](f)6ra. iiri^oypLCOV. avrd p. ov8afi(b<i 86£ai rial /xayeveiv. Adfxis re 6 (f)t\ocro(f>o<. rovrovl 81) Be ov7rco yiyvaxTKeaOai rrap dv9pd>7Toi$. /calroi dpX'ii d^iov diroptjaai rrapa6ep.on dX>]0iv)]<> op/xwro aocpias. on 81) avrbv Xeycov V7rei\7](paaiv. /cal iv diropwv. KOfxird^ovrd^ re yua^o/xei'ot? akriOws. XL cap.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.ev 87) ravra " 'Eyu-7re8o«Xe« /cal Tlvdayopav d>/xi\r]fc6ras kripLOKpirov ovttco roh avrot? fidyois vm^yOai re^yr].evov T °v ^CKoarpdrov \e£ei$. evavrcoXoyovvra^. ov? aa<poi)<.

namely Damis the philosopher who even lived and Philostratus the with the man in question Athenian?" For these are the authors who lay these facts before us. since XL The story proceeds to tell us that after all this. remarking withal. Apollonius. I mean the passage whei-e he owns that he is puzzled at people having regarded his hero as a wizard. because he had their ideas with his 589 . when one compares what one reads at the beginning of the book of Philostratus. Surely it is legitimate in us to be puzzled. . without ever held by -anyone to be a magician. and Plato had derived much from the priests and prophets in Egypt. and had mingled own discourses. liars. men devoid of education light of truth. made up his mind to descend into the cave ot 1 rophomus in refused at Lebadea but the people there would not allow him Lebadea to do so. XXXIX truth. but had long since accounted him a magician and still did so. that "although Empedocles and Pythagoras and Democritus had consorted with the same Magi without ever stooping to the magic art. convicted by their inconsistencies of being downright and charlatans. because they too regarded him as a wizard. . yet men so being far had failed to recognise his hero as one inspired by the purest wisdom. of being vapouring braggarts and nothing else. chap. liberated from the court. and expresses his surprise at the circumstance. and they are clearly convicted by the they thus contradict themselves.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS at once most highly educated and respectful of the chap.

a. tou? he ev Aivha> TapeXObvTa e'9 to iepbv T779 'AOijvd?. ovhev aX^ae? €^e<pTjvev eioevai. &>9 pLi)Te rdcp(p fir/re Kevoracpicp tov avSpo? 7ro) nrepi~v0-oop. (f)7]cn avTw fcXeio-dr/vai ra9 ypi. avTifca tmv vvv elaiv. Ba/3v\o)VLcov A. oi twv avrwv avra>.6vov dvSpl rt toiovto co? yorjra iraXai tov<.Kehdcras ftovXeTai avrbv is ovpavbv dW eahpap.6vTOS yap e9 lepbv TrvXas teal Tiva ojhrjv eKirecrelv. pLrj-^ava^ rfj t>]v tov dvhpbs ava/ceifievas irpoa^yopla tcaTeikT]<fievai ovk epLOiye tovtois cplXov irpoa\eyovo~iv." Si hrjra ra> oiv Trpbs avTov. koX Toaavrrjv dyvoiav tov irepX avrbv TeXovf tcarao.a elvar aSoKrjrov TrapOevoiv " arel^e. p-eTeireLTa he tt}? a(poiv (fiiXoaocpias doihifxov Kara\e\oL7raai dpenqv. ravSpbi aKokovOa to?? irporepois c-vvtcittoov. eX eiV T0V vovv. hiha- fiev real KaO' eyvwpi^ovTO %p6vov<. el /xi) apa irepa t&v irpoa^KovTcov iy%eipcov T019 ev (ppovovai (fravepbs Ka0eicm']/cei. crTet^e. ovtos.. rahe p. real (f)>jaa<. aTel^e e'9 ovpavbv." Xeyei he. nrpoTepov pcev yap 59 c . hieTrpe^rav ov<i Trfkiicov- </>>79. birbari eariv.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. o'l irepiepyow.Ti ^copijcrai. &>9 Te kcil eicreTi vvv vevopbiaOau irapa tou? dvhpa<. Ka'iTOi t?}9 7^/9. to he ao~p.ev yap ev ^(peaco T€\evT)]aai avrov laropetv.L'yvrrjiwv eiprjcreTcu 'Ivhcbv re Vypax^cicn t'l kcl\ T019 Tvpuvols &>iACXrjKevai. xal et<? tov<. aXXov<i he ev K. row? p..pt]Tr). 7r\eiaTr]v. GfcdXwv ireireipapuevoi. eire^eipelTO. 1) eireXOelv fiijhe ftovXerai ai)TW hidvoia oX&)9 davdrov tov civhpa diyeiv. dXXd yap /cat irepl 7-/79 Te\evrP]<.

he yet inclines to believe that he went to heaven body and all. except this ? My good fellow. for he says that people in Ephesus related that Apollonius died there. and after shedding so much doubt on the manner of his end. — a gift of such excellence that its praises are still sung.chap. For he says that after he had run into the temple. they had made teachers as he. the gates were closed and a strange hymn of maidens was heard to issue from the building. However as regards his death. come. and also bequeathed to posterity in their philosophy consoi-ted with the mans of India. while others said that he died in Lindus after entering the temple of Athene. Is such a contrast possible. who though. and the Naked sages of Egypt. although Philostratus Death follows in his book the accounts of earlier writers.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS Magi of Babylon and the Brah. what was your hero up to in this line. come. for him alone to have been regarded both long ago and now as a wizard in contrast with these great men. and others in of A P° Uom " 8 Crete . yet were of the same trial eminent both in the age in which they nourished. as you admit. unless he was caught by men of good sense meddling with things that were unlawful ? There are still among our contemporaries those who say that they have found superstitious devices dedicated in the name of this man . and the words of their song were: "Come. to heaven. he declares that he knows nothing of the truth . although he had visited the would greater part of the whole earth but what he . like us to believe is that his hero never encountered S9i ." What answer then can we make to him." But he or says that he had never come across any sepulchre cenotaph of his hero. though I admit I have no wish to pay attention to them.

Mot/)a?. to i)p. alpel X0709. Ttjv wcnrepel vevpocnrao'TOvp.evt]<.ao~i el 8i] yap i]plv e^TeXeo? /cal iv ^revhoho^ia t?)<? rdvbpos 8iev0vv0/]o~eTai.(j>i^dWo)v irepl tov rpoTrov.ev)]v /cal SiaOpovvTes. dOdvaTos.7re£>o/c\eou9 <fii\ocro(j)ia. ov^i 8e /card Trpoaipeaiv. oOev &>? 8ij tolovtov Kara to rrpooipiiov Trjs /cal ypa<pfjs /cal naQ* o\r/v ti)v ypa<f>/]v. TravXav e^ov aiTia /civ}jaeu><. " e"ye ireXevTa. to 8 ciXko vcf erepov icivovpuevov. ^fXocro^/a? dei/civrjTOV \6yov yjrv^7] irdcra . to yap klvovv /cal dddvarov. E/i.ev e<f> 6\tj<. 6 n ical /3ov\oito 81 p. 0e6s dvaiTios. al)TW t/)9 inro0eo~€co<. 7) dvdy/crjv 8e eladywv ravTrj /cal eip.app. £«?}•?. Uvdayopov Oecorepov <prjcn Trpocre\ifK. icaO* ov ireXevra. 8ia\dj3a>p:ev. 86yp. a/u.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.evi]v. /cal (fidcr/cei. XLI WWa (f>epe yap ev tovtois 7repiypa<pOfievov tov \6yov..v9evai XLI CAP. ftpaye drra Trepl ^locpcov /cal el/xapp." varepov 8e 8iappij8i]v /cal (py]a}v e? ovpavov avTov yu/priaai ovra. 8i/ci]v d/covaav. iravkav e^ei T19 /cal e\op. o X0709. ovv /card tov d\i]0ov<.ev')]v dei/civrjTOV 592 .?v dvaipwv. /cal oo8e /cd/ceiae. d^lrv^ov crwyuaTO? e^coOev nroOev /civovp.evou.

is actuated against its will. II. no less in the exordium of his book than throughout it. when throughout its argument it demolish our responsibility." But in a later passage he declares in so many words that he went to heaven. if you will allow XLI me. sets itself to destruet lve ofresponsi another. he adds the proviso " If he did die. raise a few points in connexion with the Fates Condemns i Apolloniua i i and with destiny. XL| canvassing the manner in which he died. and God is not responsible. for that which is perpetually moving is immortal. reached in the above. and destiny and the Fates. for on a former occasion when he is chap. admits a cessation of life and if responsibility depends on personal choice. and is itself moved by others. and to substitute for it necessity. If then. then what reason is there for concluding that the nature. XLI Although then the limits of our discourse are chap. I would yet. and would be as it were a puppet pulled by strings hither . . that it was by reason of his being such as he was that he wooed philosophy in a diviner manner than Pythagoras and : Empedocles. whereas that which moves work has in view. This is why he avows. and not rather in accordance with its own choice and decision for otherwise it would resemble a lifeless body in being moved by some outside agency. Q Q . For in this way we shall finally and completely refute the tenets professed by the author and prove their falsity. which is ever in movement. in order to ascertain what aim his doctrine of - -li. . according to the views of true philosophy. every soul is immortal. in admitting a cessation of its own movement.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS death at all. 593 VOL.

p. wXtyoopei ^>i\o<TO(f)La<. el eavrov. ayecrdai Kivi)<rea)<i (pvcriv pyh'ev /i?.. \vBwv (j)i\6ao<f)oi. eXevOepwv tovs dvBpaq.i]be et<? twv p-^re hpwfxevwv dva(f)€pouaav alriav ravrrj <f)i\oao(f)ovcrav re p. /cd/clas epifXeuiv Kal tl Sr/ra ovv EiixfypaTg XoiSopovpevo? Karapep(f>jj. ovtm rpoTrov ovrt pbdycp Bi) Kal ec yoi]Tt tov dvacpavrjvai p. tl Be Kal yoi]o~LV evvfipl^eis. aX)C eg elp. irdvrjs atrias Kal iravTos eyKXtfpaTO*. Kal el t&> TreirpcoTai. Be Kal 'Ia/D^a? 01 irapd aol Qeiov dirrjveyKavTO Bogav.app.i)T eiraivereav ivyydiveiv. &> rav.vd\o- OavpLaarbv e7riypd(f)T} BiBdcrKaXov. BpopcKw Kal dWa TogiKw Kal TeKioviKw.evi]<. av y^eKr/jv. eVl to /cep&os p. icai ^\loipa)v Traiyviov. ijrevSoacxfiovs tnroKaXwv. top eg avdyK)]<. &)? <jf»79. eirl ibv /catcoSalpova Biov tl Be kclkiciv airXo)^ ovopa^eis. Tt fidWov . .}] Trap 1 e'/cSou9.eriavov Tl oi>xl Mot/oat? Kal dvdyKrj ti]V aKoXacTTOv irepuiTrTeis dyepwyiav. Ka9e\Kopevov<.iai<fioi>(p re /cat 594 . dTroXeiTrei? eiraivwv.Sa/xco? eg Ihlas opprjS Kai eavTijv tt\v evepyovaav. elpLappuevov a7ro7r\r)ph)v bpov <y6i)V . it ovinias. Kal irovripos Tt? av6pa)TT(6V ovk ev Blkt) Kpiverai irapd croi. p. viro Moipwv. y aU' ovk epaarrjv ovra c^iXocro^ta? ovk <t>pacoTt)<. Kal Aop. ft)«? Vjj). Kal epiTTaKiv t'lvl \6ya> Uvdayopav aep.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.i]8ev tl iraiSeias IBiov pnjS' dperrjs direvey Kapevoi «Xeo? Ne/aco^o? 6" waavTax. co? avros dgiols.

what have they done philosophers to win from you the reputation of being gods. ness ? Why then. cannot avoid being so. why do you not saddle 595 Q Q 2 . do you insult wizards. nor could it refer to own In such a itself the responsibility of its actions. surely also if it has been destined that a man should be a wizard. you believe. that he devoted and neglected the philosophical ideal? pretend. do you revile Euphrates and find fault with him. as you destiny. effect nothing of its initiative and movement. my good fellow. to their miserable life ? And why do you keep in your vocabulary at all such a word as condemned by you. vice. and. when it reasoned of truth it would surely not be case. if it is not of his own initiative. was a mere toy in the hands And as for Phraotes and Iarchas. on such an hypothesis.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS and The nature winch ever moves itself chap. unless the glory they acquired by their culture and was their own ? And in the same way with to Nero and Domitian. . when any evil man is unjustly since it is by necessity that he fulfils his destined term? And again on what principle do you solemnly enroll vourself a disciple of the wonderful teacher Pythaon praising one who. I would ask you. instead of being goras. but by the force of himself to gain. and acquit them of all But if as you say a man responsibility and blame ? who is destined to be a runner. And why if virtue regard upon the Fates and on Necessity the responsibility for their unbridled insolence. by calling them false they are dragged down by the Fates. thither. the of the Fates ? of the Indians. blameworthy of praise nor on the other hand be because it was filled with vice and wickedworthy. or an archer or a carpenter. XLI would. and insist a lover of philosophy. as sophists.

'Apafiiovs Kal <ro(pov<.evov. evaefteidv re eV eir^a? ipeireaBai row. avros re evxop-evos Kal . clWd Kal rrjv ireirpcoTO 'E^ecrtou? vop. Kal tt?<? ireXeiro troi. avrco aoi ireirpwro Oeito ovri r-qv cpvaiv virepapai fiaaikecov So£?/9. if.app. ri rdvavria eip. eifiap^evrjv Kparelv Kal p^]v eBec rovs aWovs Oeovs TrapapLeL^rdp.odertov dXcovai Xoipucp iroX'nas. aW ei ov t^v irpoaipecnv IvroirwraTOL^.6vov Kal Moipais dveiv. are el dvOptoirovs oloi re toi/<? cocpeXelv.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap. Tl Be Kal oU vo^eis deoh ra fieXiTrovra Kal rov Xifiavcorbv eh fidrrjv pimeh. el dpapevos. ^lvBwv eTroXvirpaypLovet?. avrfj<. eh BiBaaKaXcov ecfioiTa<.pu> XLI Kal aKokdtnto. rporratov toenrep Be Kal tfjs KXco6ou<. p. ejalpovs irapoppias Oecov alrete. ovto) B' civ trot p. rC Karafiepupr) tch? rrjv fiolpav. i-irl Kar rr) 596 .dXkov trjv elp.evr)v. rt Be icai. iravrca yap tovtoov Bfya Koivm>la<i. /ecu re KalBafivXcovicov p. Trovr. Travrcos ttov cnrofiijcTeTai.dXXov Be irtos rrjv Moipav. rjtrav. ''AvdyKrj p. . cpi\oa6<pcov.op(f)a^6fiepo<. €7Tip.dyov<.evqv irpoTipav. Kal rov Aio? avrou p. irapaK povrj V7repr)pa<.app. tl irapa t>]v oiro-re tovtcov 6fio\oyei<. ra Ik ^slocpcov ttov.7]Be Oeol fiev ovKer av Kal et/coTCt)?. aver/Kf}<i roioaSe Ti? ri Bi)ra ovv irepivocrrcov toU fxr) oiot? T€ Tj rv^fw BiopOtoaecos aperrjv itpo- K)]pvTT€i<i.

and pay your In respects rather to Destiny than to Zeus himself. and the wise men of For in any case surely. the decrees of the Fates were bound to be fulfilled in your case. inasmuch as you admit that they too are subject to Destiny ? Nay you ought to make a clean sweep of all the other gods. and trouble yourself about Arabians and about the Magi of Babylon. not of their own choice. why did you dare to transcend destiny. seeing that they are not even able to help mankind. why did you sanction the opposite and so try to thwart destiny ? Nay. but by predestination ? And why too. Why then do you go wandering . did you visit schools of teachers and philosophers. And why do you vainly cast before those whom you consider to be gods. even without your India ? holding communications with them. that ease no doubt you would have no gods left . and a wicked man and a reprobate. if it was decreed by fate that you yourself being of a divine nature should transcend the glory of kings. And again. and rightly too. if it were decreed by fate that the citizens of Ephesus should be afflicted with pestilence. and sacrifice to Necessity alone and to the Fates. and putting on the cloak of religion encourage your companions to be diligent at their prayers ? And what do you yourself in your prayers ask of the gods. your honey-cake and your frankincense. XLI he must of necessity end by being such a person. and as it were raise a trophy over her? And again in the case of the maiden raised to life. come what will. a magician or a murderer chap.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS that being his character.'bout. preaching the virtues to those who are incapable of reform ? Why do you blame those who are the monsters they are. the thread of Clotho had reached its 597 .

ocroc/)i'a? Motpa Se dyyovaa Kal eVt crTTJXas. Kal tovtcov aiTia.' e£ dvdyK7]<.7]v.T]. ovkovv 0avpdcrio<i ovTe Ti)<i 7rpa)Tr)<.. <cr&)? AAA. avrbv e'« TouTtwf etVot Tt<?.. Kal ovk€t dvi)p TJ79 av iv (piXopaOecrtv 6 KaTa\ex0ei. iroOev i% vtrap-^rj^ too /utg) fiera Bavarov dvaSrjcrdpei'OS /cat tov arpaicTov. ovt€ tj}? iytcvicXiov iraiheias.. to. Atat eVt tou? XlyviTTioiv he Yvpvovs 7r66o<. TaSet/ja Ta? 'Hpa'flKeavbv i£e- /cX-et'of? ea:ov Te Kal eairkpiov et<? dXdaOai Kal auTat? aTpaKTOis /3/fi^eTO paTrjv el he SV/ irepiaTpecpeaOai. iroWov ye Kal 09 Trpo t»}? et? tovto to crcopa irapohov toiv iv OaXciTTT] Kal Kvpaai 8iarpi/36vrcov yeyoievai aeavTov Xeyeis. dWa TropLa6eiarj<i (f)i\oao(pLa<. /cat ov% i) Trpoatpecus. todovpi6vo<i S' oiairep Kal Tot? 'I^Scoi/ d>p. dycoyrjs. dXA.. yeoutc crecos « ^ecrew? Kal Tpocprp. t?}? eV t>]<.evo<. o a pa Tt9 Noipcov dvdyfO] Kal et? BaySfAaWou? ekavvovaa. r/v ovt dcr/c))- iv (pi\oao(f)ia. ovS* 6 ?}7ey c//tA. &><? et/co9 /cat tovto. oi)S' av evKoyws Oavpaadeh] iv ov KaTa yvcop. Set. rjyov. peTei\r]<pevai tl cro(pia<.i\eis aocpois. %o)07roib<.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap- Koprj to vfjfia Trepan etkifyei. Mot/so. et'77 Kara avdyKr/v avTai law e>' av avyKpivoail/To? KaT avTov Uv0ay6pa<> Kai tl 593 . cifcpfj crco<f)povo<. Alotpat ere avTov em tcivt ovtl irco (pijaets tear d%iav. avrfj irapairecpTjvas. p.

and that being so why did you. or of your training in philosophy for it was after all some necessity of the Fates that led you to Babylon. according to him. bind a fresh thread on the spindle. and to Gadeira and to the pillars of Hercules and it was she who forced you to wander about the eastern and western oceans. a sea-faring man who spent his life upon the waves. that his endowment with wisdom was due to these causes. . then it was destiny that was responsible for them and we must no longer reckon your hero among those who are fond of learning. . nor a love of philosophy either. you were yourself. or in your wise selfdiscipline in the prime of your life. Yet you cannot say that they did so out of respect to your merits far from it. or your education in the circle of arts. nor can we with any pretence of reason admire a philosophy which was provided. XLI But perhaps you will say the Fates drove you also on to these courses. by your own account. by coming forward yourself in the role of the saviour of her life ? cfiap. for even this could not have been otherwise. when she was dead. and that of necessity. not intentionally. and you were as it were driven on to associate with the sages of India and it was not your own will and choice. seeing that before you passed into this body of yours. . as they must. There is therefore nothing remarkable about . and along with her spindles whirled you idly around. but by And we shall have to class on necessity. 599 . one and the same level. but Fate that led you in her noose to the Naked sages of the Egyptians. for him. your earliest birth.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS limit. Pythagoras himself with any pretentious and abject slave. and . or your upbringing. But if anyone admits.

baa yevoir dv Kara rrpoalpeaiv re ical rrpd^tv.iv fxev. /cat 8ei\6raro$ "Sloip6)v iraiyviwv rovrcov dirdvrwv dtrobebeiy pAvcov.ois Siarera/erat to dv6pu>7ra)v re -^u^>}9 o/?09 avrotcpdropd re icai Kpirtjv.evoi. ical <ydp 77/009 ravra t?}? d\i]0eia<. ical biavoias bpOols 6pbp. Trdvra Kadiarrjcn.aaiv cpvcri/co2<. rod dvbpeiordrov. rjyep.iv. reparwhes ical aireppififievov dvbpdrrobov. "2. b re o /cat rov d/coiXaarcraro^ acocfypoveardrou. tcparovai]? 0eioi<. ical 6 dcifcooTaTos rov 81/caiordrov. XLII cap. rrol & Si] eTrifcr/pov dvOpwiroi. ri}<.a>/cpatj?? avros (ptAocrocpias virepaTTOuv^aicjiv koa 01 rovrov Oavdrov a^iov ypayp~dp. ivorrrpicraade irpocFwirov. Kijpvi. a /cai cpvaec eXevdepa dtcooXvra drrapepnrbbLara 600 . ra be ovtc ecp i)p. vopiois cos real e/cSibdaicoov. \?]£are irore teal biavtjyjrare rfjs pbeOrjs. Ovrjrov (pepea$e rov r>}$ d/cparov e[xmbvre<i . 'AXXa.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS v cap.6va re teal Kvpiov avrbv eavrov rrdv. Svolv evavriwrdroiv pu'iav ixfreardvai teal rov Oeov rrpovola^ rd avr>. dpa (jyiXoaocpcov 86yrcov ovrcov rd p. 6 civa^o/jaerat Xeycov yevos.elv eavrfj teal p. icac e<p i)p.ev eanv ecp i)p. elpapp. p.evi]<.cv.aai ro aepvbv t*]9 d\T)0€Lci<. vop.v alrlav. ical a7rXw? elrrelv 6 aocfrooraros ovtc av Sicufcepoi rod deppoveararov. dyvooaias ov 6epii<i ovbe ti-jv dXyjOeiav 7ro\ep.dyecrdai. Aioyevr/s re real ra Wdijvalwv pueipaKia.

too. nor that of two pronounced opposites there should exist but one and the same ground and cause.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS Socrates himself. and. mortal and perishable race. : against such arguments. wake up and be sober . and these are naturally free. but others not and within our control is O Xl " with . raising the eyes of your intelligence. after drinking the unmixed cup of ignorance ? Be done it at last. It is not lawful for truth to be in conflict and contradiction with herself. and. and the peculiar nature of man's soul renders him master of himself and judge. But such 601 . gaze upon the august countenance of truth. XLII However. and the tenets of philosophy. with those who accused him and clamoured for his XL1 death. The universe is ordered by the divine laws of the providence of God that controls all things. Diogenes. for they have all been demonstrated to be playthings of destiny and of the Fates. that of things which exist some are within our own control. nor the worst of cowards from the greatest of heroes. unhindered and unimpeded. the herald of truth will raise his voice CHAP. everything which comes into being in accordance with our will and choice and action. who died in behalf of philosophy CHAP. and it teaches him through the laws of nature. nor the most abandoned from the most temperate. whither are you drifting. and say ye men. ruler and lord of himself. to sum up. with the golden youth of Athens. the wisest man will not differ from the most imprudent. nor the unjustest from the justest.

ovBe elpapovB' dvdyK7]<. Bo^d^eiv eirL^eLpol rrpbvoiav 602 ev B\ eVt- . d8eo<i Br)ra Kal Bvao-efirfi outo? ev evcre/3cbv ei Kal (f>iXoo~6(f)<ov drroyeypdfyQw Kpirypl^. rrdvra he crvXX?]/3Btjv dvdyKr] Kal Xloipcov drpciKroi<i rrepiBiveladai.cbv ov Moi/ja?.i] SiKaiov. airia.i] yoi]ra.i] (pavXov. prj ivdperov. tw o"' alel crvveirerai 67/a. prj riva aXXov rrjv (frvaiv dyadbv r) rroviqpbv dTTOKaXeiru). pi] irapaKaXvirreaOw ovro<. prj TraiBeLav.evT]<i. Kal irdvrr) tj)? ISias rov XoyiKou fyoov ^t'creco? dXXorpiav rr]v ^ vTTorrjacnv eyei. a-yjrv^d re ovra. pi] (piXoo. vopov ripctxpo<i. a Kal irepl rb crcofia Kal ra e'/CTo?. pr/Be re rrpuvoiav. pi] dSiKSV.7j defrpova. irepaivet Kara <f)vcrtv 7repi7ropev6pevov. Oebv. p. oppi/v dperrj'i re rwv V Kal e'</>' rjp. KaraXeyerw Ke<paXfj. prj dXXo ifXrjv \loipcov Kal avarfKTjs Kal ra aKoXovOa rovroi<. yvpuvf] irpoaopoXoyoyv.air ia eXopevov. p. p. re%v>]v nvd. p. prj Oelov ev dvOpdnrwv yiveaOai (pvcrei.lv rrjv eVt ddrepa Kaicla^ exaaro^ ev avry Ke/iTi]Tcu Trpoaipecrei.. Bebs ei Bi] dvairiG*.i] acxpov. rfav drroXenropevcov rov Oeiov 6" eirl rd<i p.o<f) Lav CLvaL. p. rwv rrpd^eis 6pp. Kal aXoya.rjK oXco<.' ddebrrjra dvacpavBbv Bie^ayopeverw. Kal to pev rcov bXwv Seairo^ov re Kal rjyepovovv evdeax. pt]Be erTi(jri]pr]v. p.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS xtn TV VX (lV€r T<* °v K e'$' Vfuv aadevrj BovXa KGiXvra aXXorpia. KaXvirropevc? erepa. dpaavvoirb ra pur] too e<£' i)pu> dvrirroXepcov.

If therefore anyone is so foolhardy as to controvert the fact of our responsibility. in the registered as an atheist and impious man And if tribunal of the pious and of philosophers. . and in their manner of existence wholly foreign to the proper nature of a reasonable living creature. things as are not in our control are weak for to ourselves servile. let him cease to call anyone wise or foolish. in a word any art of any kind. restrained and alien example. under the cloak of other opinions undertakes trols . and God is not to be blamed. And let him bare-headed enumerate the consequences of these doctrines. let him be duly an exposed aud let him openly proclaim that he is atheist. let him not call anyone else by nature good or evil. just or unjust. . but admit that everything whatever is whirled round in an eddy of necessity by the Let such a person then be spindles of the Fates. nor with necessity. As for things which are in our control. each one of us possesses in the will itself alternative impulses of and while the principle which convirtue and vice . seeing that he does not recognise either Fates providence or God or anything else except the and necessity. the universe and governs it executes its rounds in direct accordance with nature.\ THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS and CHAP. . our bodily processes and external objects which are both lifeless and destitute of reason. any education. anyone 603 . virtuous or let him deny that anyone is vicious. it is at the same time always accompanied by a justice which punishes but for the motives on infractions of the divine law which we act the responsibility lies not with destiny nor fate. or science. It lies with him who makes the choice. that there is any philosophy. or charlatan divine in our humanity.

XeXe^erai. av avro) yo^ros areyim^ SiaftoXrjv iirevr plj3wv a)? ravrl ra o~vyypdfip. ovv ravTrf.eva ov&ev Siaf3oXf}<. ttXi-jv iXey%ov vouv ical Seivrjs rdvSpbs irapa rols e%ovo~iv e/xocye So/cel rrepteyeiv. XdOoi •. fxa^o/xevocs Soyfiacriv. 604 . KV/c\ov/ievr)<i ifCTTohoov <f)06vo<. vr)v Moipav £' e7rl tovtois real eifiapfii- Tt? avaKfjpvTTOt. el £>' eVt rovrois iv (piXocr6<f)(ov 8iarpifiais d^iotev co? en KaraXeyew el rives rov dvhpa. rrpo'Uov ris inrep <pt\o(r6(f)ovs i/c6eid£eiv avrbv ireipwro. teal Oeovs. dpa avra> drdp av real tj}9 cnroKaOiqpeiav rr/s e^coOev dirb rrjahe rfjs ypacf)?)<. Kat evavrlois StKrjv rrapiardfxevos ev a(j)pocri avoids ravrl fiev rrapaayuiv /carayeypdcpOw. 77729 avrols ecrj' opovs 8' el aXt]0eta<. Xvfitjs..ara aocpiartKcos dvairerrXao-p. erreia<7/ceu/)?.FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS cap.

he will at the best. an sense to this terrible accusation. even if they succeed in clearing him from the filth thrown by others. . This accusation of wizardry for this work of pretentious in my opinion. champions the cause of Destiny and Fate. be rubbing into him the so. it shall be said that.THE TREATISE OF EUSEBIUS to entertain ideas of Providence in addition to these and of the gods. nay in disentangling him from the pinchbeck properties in which the author of this book has wheeled him in upon the stage. 60? . we shall raise no objection to their doing so. though unawares. so upholding conflicting and opposed and opinions. let him be classed among the senseless condemned then is to remain those who are disposed to register this man's name in the schools of philosophers. At the same time if anyone ventures to him as overpass the limits of truth and tries to deify no other philosopher has been deified. to convict sophistry can only serve. yet CHAP. him open in the eyes of all men of him. still pay the penalty of his But if after this there folly.

.

125 with Apollonius in Egypt. 607 . Apollonius set sail thither from Smyrna. his story of the fox und the lion. excelled by Apollonius. who travelled on a broomstick through the air according to the writers of the life of Pythagoras. 217 Accusations made against Apollonius of dressing differently from other men. 22. Abdera saved from pestilence by Absurdities of the narrative of Apollonius' visit to the Brahmans compared by Eusebiua to those of the tales of Thule. employed Aristandrus to sacrifice for him. temple of Asclepius visited by Euphrates. story of the inhabitant thereof who built himself a house on an island at the mouth of the Achelous. 153. Apollonius disembarks at its month on the way to Olympia. warden of the gates of hell. of Apollonius before Domitian reviewed by Eusebius. 217 Achilies. his ghost as interviewed by Apollonius was really an evil his soul could spirit. is rivalled in his enterprise by Apollonius. 571 Achaea. 237 Aegae of Cilieia. 103 Aethiopian nomads. same soul successively bodies in accordance in several with her decrees. and early friendship 195. 235 Aethiopia the eastern wing of the world. reveals to Apollonius the accusations made against him. 319 favourable his history. 165 . 203 foil. 47 Aesop. instructs Apollonius as to the demeanour which he must observe in the presence of Domitian. not have quitted the islands of the to appear to blest in order Aeschylus. 567 Acrisii. were originally an Indian race. 421 Alois. 345 Alexander the son of Straton by Seleucis. to Apollonius.) Aeolus bids Odysseus quit his island. his hall in the palace of Domitian at Rome. 547 foil.. after murdering Apollonius.INDEX Abaris. 225 Alpheus river. its fauna and flora described. 281 . Adonis. 103 Aethiopians. there. colonists sent from India. his improvements of the tragic stage. 165 Democritus. his plays continued to be acted after his death. 47. 71 Age of Apollonius. 219 of mouth of 351 Macedon projects the Adrastea. 489 413 Aelian. Apollonius offers to adopt and educate him. his beauty. 305 Aeachus. his [sons enchain Hephaestus upon earth.. 399 Alcibiades. is . 101. 239 reincarnations of the re-building of Thebes. 3. 199. 52. to the the Achelous. 371 the river of Olympia. Is? Achelous river. who emigrated to the borders of the Nile.") Acarnania. 49. his mother. 399 Alcmaeon Alexander retires. consul under Domitian. visited by Apollonius. 379 .

139. 125 rebukes an Ionian youth. 165 . at play relations with Ephesus. commending to him the Emperor Titus. 121 benevolence to the people of Antioch.INDEX Alyattes. 99. 139. 37. relates his Indian . Orphitus. 427.. . stays on the seaboard of Egypt. forestalls the summons of the Emperor . . 321 experiences. 111. and makes him drunk. predictions. 23. . 385 Apollonides the son of Aphrodisius jiatronised by Apollonius. the simplicity of his Delphic shrine. Nerva. Aphrodite. 113 foretells to Titus the manner of his death. and then returns to Phoenicia and Cilicia. i3 joined by Nilus. 33 Apolionians. 163. 387 Antium. 303 animal food deprecated by Apollonius in his correspondence. 161 discourses at Smyrna on the fates. to Ionia and Achaea. returning from Ethiopia. called Philiscus. their language acquired by Apollonius from the Annular eclipse seen in Hellas. and 6o8 . 89 . by Egypt food foil. . 119. the Ino. 79. sets out for the sources of the Nile Animal sacrifices forbidden cults of . and finally to Italy. 73. 21 Euphrates intrigues with the Naked sophists Thespesion against him. . his witticism concerning the decree of the Emperor Domitian forbidding the planting of fresh vineyards. 141 Anacharsis the Scythian. 17. 123. 133. addresses the people of Antioch on the subject of earthquakes. neglect the professors of* Rhetoric. make3 of having shed blood an Egyptian who had slain another abodes of the Naked sages or Gymnosophistae. palace of the Ernperor Hadrian thereat. 131 instructs a poor man of Antioch how to find a treasure. discusses with the Naked sages the animal gods of Egypt. 39. 5 . and Rufus. reaches the youngest of the Naked sages. 59 rebuts the calumnies of Euphrates. 473 Amphilochian hounds. . 9. visits Titus at Antioch. . his son Croesus an example to be followed by the people of Sardis. 65 . 141 a comparison of him wT ith other ancient champions of liberty. 5 Arabs. gives wine to a satyr molested an Aethiopian village. 383 Ants of Aethiopia keep guard over gold. an harangue against delivers him. 167 of her in Cnidus. 463 his meteorological Anaxagoras. 29. 77 condemned. avoided by Apollonius in accordance with the precepts of Pythagoras and with the teachings of the Brahmans of India. 77: discusses the problem of justice in general with the Naked sages. rebukes the youth who wished to marry a statue of confounds the Aphrodite. or the companions of Apollonius. applauds the of Euripides. who 429 Animals and birds worshipped in Egypt. prepares to visit the sources of the Nile. 135 Egyptian and Chaldaean quacks who wrere imposing on the superstitions of the inhabitants of the cities on the left side of the Hellespont. replies to Thespesion. writes to Demetrius. 419 arrives at the border Apollonius : the acquaintance of Timasion of ilemphis. the 107 correspondence with Titus. lands at Corinth. 147 foil. . "who waste! his time teaching birds to talk. Domitian and leaves Smyrna for Rome. 127. and incurs the displeasure thereby of Domitian. purifies from the guilt of Aethiopia and Egypt. statue Apollo. at Tarsus heals a youth who had been bitten by a mad dog. Pythagoras. 61. 509 Anytus and Meletus the accusers 135 of Socrates. 157. accompanied by Timasion and Nilus. .

285 Apology of Apollonius. 369. 569 defends 273 foil. 471 the question whether he could be regarded as a divine being considered by Eusebius. 579 foil. brought 263. his leg before the fetters with reproaches the Lacedaemonians with their effeminacy. 485 foil. 257 Damis on before him to Dicae. 239 defends Nerva before Domitian. by Domitian. bold behaviour to Domitian. 227. Apciionius accused 609 VOL. 207 is imprisoned. by Eusebius. interview with Aelian. denied the rank even of a philosopher in the age of Eusebius. 337 Arcadian boy. the charges made 279. . 191 finds the Consul Aelian is favourthat able to him and to the claims of philosophy.. repartee to an informer. 175 postulates with Demetrius for his departs for cowardice. ii' composed in rhetorical style. 389. liket> of him preserved in the temple. ::7:!. and continues his voyage to the Peloponnese at the beginning of Autumn. is acquitted 283. at Ephesus beholds through his gift of second visit . R R . foresee tribute to the youth archia. himself from against him. I doubts of his immortality. 179. 463. and listens to their grievances. a land of woodcutters and of goatherds and shepherds. . . is summoned by Domitian is escorted to an interview. 165: meets Demetrius at Dicaearcliia. an annular interprets 383. 169. . 209 foil. Rome accompanied by Dam is. 37. and goes reto stay at Olympia. II. sails up the Tiber to Rome. enemies have perverted the history of Ids transactions with the Emperor Domitian. bukes an admirer of Domitian at Olympia. . 403 ."> . and spends then repairs to Ionia. Apology for his life of Apollonius. apology for . eclipse seen in Greece. . 249 miracu. 379 brings up from the cave of Trophonius a volume containing the philosophy of Pythagoras. by Appreciation of Apollonius Eusebius of Pamphilns. 191 he and Damis embark at Dicaearchia for Rome. . criticised events. 397. 505. . rebukes a tribune who mocked at him. 263 is of Arcadia. 165 foil. 243. which is now preserved in Antium. 391 Nerva to come to Koine :i'. disembarks at the mouth of the Alpheus river. 245. 195. 503. and discusses the government with the charges him. finds that the Consul Telesinus is favourable to him. . is shorn of his hair by the Emperor. his life. 285 starts for Sicily with Damis. 309 appears after death to an apostle who ha . foresight. foil. and preserved in the palace of the latter at Antium. at Tyana. where he visits the cities of Smyrna and Ephesus.t. Lebadea and descend the cave of Trophonius. would never have been composed by him if he had really possessed the gift of it 369. Arcadia. 169 foil. the of the father of Apolloni s and Hestiaeus. stories of the death of Apollonius. before the Emperor's tribunal.">. 197. 247. against him.INDEX reaches Dicaearchia. 231 to Domitian's palace. 387: two years in Greece. 383. . 399. his lei in the possession of the Emperor Hadrian. chaffs a Syracnsan informer sent in to the prison by Domitian. reaches Syracuse. sight the assassination of Domiis invited by tian in Rome. 195. sends Dami3 with a letter to Nerva at Rome. quells the appreexhensions of Dami3. 371 . 235. lously extricates Damis which from sends it was bound. where he converses with the other prisoners. his pretension to understand all languages and to name . and is insulted by an informer. . discusses tienature of a festival with Isagoras resolves to at Olympia.

469 Athens. 345 Aristeas of Proconnesus. of moral exhortation. 87. 221 Archon Eponym of Athens. 117 Argos. the would-be assassin of Apollonius. Apollonius lectures there. 477 evils Artemis of sus. a follower of Pythagoras. 431 Aristandrus of Lycia. visits paid to mankind by his sons. ridiculed by Eusebius. 437 Baths condemned by Apollonius. 83. the son of Lysimachus. enumer- ated and described in the apology of Apollonius. 433. his flight to Megara and and his reception by Syria. quoted by Apollonius. 433 Bathing. 95 foil. 351 Athene. 535 Brother of Apollonius. 127 and illiberal. 217. 159 Athenian supremacy on the sea. Scythia. a letter to Olympia for asserting him consoling him for the loss 6lO . condemned by Apollonius. 373 Athenians. Asclepius. 489 Ari^tides 507 Aulis. the that the goddess Athene was well disposed to Domitian. 413 Beards. imitated by Apollonius in his healing of the sick and suffering. shoes made of it. 387 Attic dialect acquired by Apollonius not by inspiration. Apollonius addresses a warning to him against the of anger. that it is not worth the while of a Roman emperor to try to govern them. 415 Asia. her cult in Sparta. estimate of him passed by Hierocles. at Epheprofaned by those who took sanctuary therein. son of Gordius. Greek trading. 335 Arcadians. they were the spiritual forefathers of the Gymnosophists. Apollonius issues there from the cave of Trophonius. Euphrates. liberal Bassus. another letter of Apollonius to him. Aristocleides. offerings as condemned by by Pythagoras. not worn by the Athenians 469 Biblus. 337 Archilochus of Paros. temple of. 527 foil. 223 Athene of Ilium worshipped in Rome. 387 Brahmans. 125. 383 Avarice and luxury of Euphrates condemned by Apollonius in his epistles. 305 Birds taught to talk.INDEX of having murdered one and consulted his entrails. 95. 465 Arts. 373 Archytas of Tarentum. 5 207 Aristidcs. Emperor Domitian. Domitian pretends to be her son. 97 Athenian youth rebuked by Apollonius at from Athens by tin' Governor of Hellas. 425 Bartering between the Egyptians and Aethiopians compared with insulted by a rustic. the originality of their wisdom. 297 foil. Boeotia. Apollonius writes to the procurators of that province a letter Blood 339 Apollonius. their love of independence and unwillingness to sell their slaves or children out of their country. but by close study and application.: their claim to be peers of the gods criticised by Eusebius. the soothsayer. thither Apollonius summoned 431 Astyages the Mede. condemned for their vices by Apollonius. 473 Bassus of Corinth. Apollonius stays there. the tale of their castle 45. 411 foil. a criticism of his treatment by the Athenians. 441 Aristocle3. Barbarians. his treatise on the education of children quoted. letter of Apollonius taxing him with having poisoned his father.

its waters cure a dog of madness. 573 Corinth. 105 foil. Apollonius arrives there on his way to Koine. his lectures and tenets. 359 Catadupi. and avenged by Stephanus his wife's freedman. 277 Crates of Thebes assails Philip for his treatment of the Athenians. 143 Cvllene. according to Eusebius the regular hour for devilish interviews. her threads. 167 Cilicia. Clotho. 307 Cornelianus. 437. fendants not allowed to intr< iduce on their persons either amulet or book. 427 Cronos put in bonds by Zeus. his interpretation of Apollonius's prediction to Titus. the name of a social caste at Sardis. anity entitled 487 Celts of the west. commented upon by Hierocles. 189 Contemporaries of Eusebius found 6n rr2 . that he should die in the same way as Odysseus. epistle of the sage to them cited by Stobaeus. and then replace them. 177. the legend of. epistle of Apollonius to the councillors of that city commending Hellenic civilisation. 149 Credulity of the Christians. 89 Cyrus the pretender employed Silanus to sacrifice for him. doffs his philosopher's garb mi reaching Rome. a physician. 591 of demons with Co-operation Apollonius enabled him to impose on the senses of others. the mountains of. deCourt of Justice in Rome. epistle of Apollonius to him cited by Stobaeus. 257. is rebuked by Apollonius for his timidity. takes a letter of Apollonius from Ephesus to the Emperor Nerva at . 3. 65 Corinthian steeds. 125 Christology of Eusebius approaches that of Arius. the terrors of an evil conscience depicted. 203. his work agaiust ChristiTrue Reason. 449. 149 their assails Calypso. 155 never of Character Apollonius changed. Apollonius claims to be such in his letters to his brother Hestiaeus. 179.INDEX of l>is wife. recommending the cure of the soul as well as of the body. Celsus. 435 Colossal statues at Delphi. 3 15 1 1 Caesarea. c]\\<\ le of Apollonius to him. 419 Callisthenes of Olynthus the Macedonians. by the sea. 121 reveals his apprehensions to Demetrius. the religious image erected there. 349 Cock-crow. 479 superstitious devices still being dedicated in the name of Apollonius. 99 Cyclopes of Homer. witnesses Apollonius miraculously extricate his legs from the fetters. 551 Coddari. namely. visited by Apollonius. 225 Crotona. 125 Citizen of the world. at least two in number. Roman exiles among. 501 Chrysippus. 413 Cicero. 409 Cult of the springs of the Kile. 489 Crito. 101 Cataracts of the Nile. his letter to the senate of Tyana recommending to them their citizen Apollonius. 193. 597 Cocks and pigs and bulls unsuitable as victims for those who would divine the future. in Palestine. 439 Claudius. instructed by Apollonius to go to Dicaearchia and await Kim opposite the island of Calypso. hi3 villa at Dicaearchia is the scene of a discussion between Apollonius and Demetrius. 57 Cydnus river. 449 Clemens marries the sister of Domitian and is murdered by him. 451 Brothers of Apollonius. 389 Damis. 4H1 Cotys the Thracian slain by Hera19 clides and Python. 53 Conscience. an<l advising liiui to many again.

distinguished. 479 Dionysiac ceremonies. 165. on his way to Rome. for Egypt. 477 Delphi. bread and dried advantages of a light. 487 Deities of the earth need trenches to be dug and filled with the blood of victims. of Apollonius consisted only of vegetables. by the fact that lie loosened his foot from fetters in the prison. cited by Stobaeus. 479 never by Death anticipated animals. his philosophy of laughter. 429. of Apollonius consistent with philosophy. 415 6l2 . . 443 Disciples of Apollonius. 303 apprehensions for the safety of Apollonius. fruits. 489 Apollonius was divine and superhuman. . 565 foil. its inevitableness. recommended by Apolionius to his disciples. 477 rebukes of Sinope Diogenes . 241 Pythagoras belonged to their class. Rome and Democritus. cited by Stobaeus. from the entrails of victims. Cyprus and Sardinia. of Jesus. epistle of Apollonius to him. 55 . 397 commended by persuaded that Hieroeles. 351 Dialects of ancient Greece criticised. liberator of Sicily. temple of in Crete. 475 Divination among cowherds. Apollonius. rebuked by Apollonius. . 33 175 Dictynna. 347 . 117 assigned of Apollonius to him. disguised by Apollonius. 67 323 of maize. 297. await Apollonius at Dicaearchia. he and Damis. 121 Apollonius finds him at Dicaearchia. is brought against Apollonius. 165. Apollonius there on the fifth day from of that Corinth. epistle of Apollonius to him. 345 . 571 Danaids. 551 Demons and human be beings. Philostratus's storie3 thereof ridiculed by Eusebius. 51 of the companion Demetrius. letter of Apollonius to him. letter of Apollonius to the priests of that place exhorting them not to defile their altars with blood. 341 Demon. Apollonius drove out one demon with the help of another. 311 . employed by Apollonius to drive out demons. letter of Apollonius to him. letter commending Titus. 591 Deification. its simplicity and freedom from pomp. shipping port for Libya. 493 . protested against by Hieroeles. epistle of Apollonius to him. 149. epistle of Apollonius to him. cited by Stobaeus. 447 still expelled in the age of Eusebius by invocation of the mysterious name of Jesus Christ. 127 arrives Dicaearchia. 89 Dionysius. wherefore they make good victims for those who of would divine the future. Demosthenes opposes Python the agent of Philip. 165. 365 Democrates. the charge of. a letter addressed to them by the sage from the himself defending calumnies of Euphrates. 417. . epistles of Apollonius to. the shrine of. . relates the dream of Telesinus his concerning Apollonius. Phoenicia. 325 Delius. treatment of the Athenians. Philip at Chaeronea for his Delphic shrine. 359. 415. its rich adornments. the scene of the translation to heaven of Apollonius. endeavours to dissuade Apollonius from facing Domitian in Rome. . Apollonius. 401 Diet. 255 Destiny.INDEX never sees his master again alive. its rationale expounded by Apollonius. his friendship with Apollonius. how to . their legend appealed to by Apollonius. 507. 159 Danaus. 149 Dion. 479 Diotimus. 481 . a cynic philosopher as teacher of Titus.

guardians of the ancient temples. of Apollonius to him. 613 . 133 of Earthquakes at Antioch. Eusebius notesthat Apollonius was repelled from them because he was a wizard. Apollonius returns thither after escaping while from Domitian. compares Apollonius to a demon. 239. 431 letter of Apollonius to them rebuking them for the profanations of the temple of Artemis by robbers and other malefactors. 323 tree. the Ino represented in the theatre of. 2I>7. 139. assassinated his freedman. . 567 Ephesians. Apollonius accused by certain writers of having demeaned himself by going down upon his knees to him. assailed by Apollonius. 319 Emperor of Rome represented by sycophants as the God of all of having secrets murdered a boy from Arcadia in order to divine the an of futurity from inspection of his entrails. and writing a letter in Ionic to him. Elm him of wizardry. Apollonius writes to the scribes of Ephesus to think less of decorating their city externally. 217 Edoni and Lidyans. 141 persecution of philosophers. 279 Empusa on to confused and overpowered by the defence of Apollonius. 169 claims to be the son of Athene. . its cults. 425 Dorians wore their hair long. issues a rescript against the planting of fresh vineyards. 315 Eleusinian mysteries. salvation of. 357 slays Clemens and is . revels. informer suborned by Euphrates against Apollonius. a criticism thereof by Eusebiu8. 159. tale of them Damis' 509. 389. 553 Elis purged of the plague by Hercules.INDEX Divine element in humanity asserted by Apollonius. 89. ing mankind. 401 Domitian. money for sacrifices to Earth and to Poseidon against earthquakes. 309. orders Apollonius to be arrested and brought to Koine. 319. 139. 165. and from the foul dations due to Augeas. his features described by Aelian.519 Empusa and Lamia were according to Eusebius expelled by Apollonius with the help of a more important demon. 429. 333 Egyptians. exhorting him not to aspire to rule over barbarians. from the plague. reputed to have dissipated a tempest which was about to burst over Acragas. 313 Dogs. 229. 241 insults Apollonius by cutting off his beard and hair and accus. 57 their Bacchic Egypt. addresses Apollonius in a female voice. the plague there stayed by Apollonius. marriage with Julia at celebrated Ephesus with sacrifices. . 139 Egyptian wine jars. and to encourage good sense and law among the citizens. 527 by Stephanus epistles Earth. 309 Dragons. composed hymns in which he claimed to be a god. their quarrel with the Indians. situation and importance of the city. 157. his purification of homicides followed by Apollonius. ridiculed by Eusebius. advice of Heraclitus to them. sacrifices to Athene in the hall of Adonis. the eating of their heart and liver enables men to understand the language of animals. accuses Apollonius . 24"). 77 Egyptians and Chaldeans collect the road from Persia India. 21. 465 Ephesus. 317. 131 Echinadae at the mouth of the Achelous. 31 for the rite Empedocles. 247. 217. 109. 147. sacrifices to in hope finding a treasure. recalled to him by a tribune at home. 389. at t he bidding of the Gymnosophists. and against self-mutilation.

writes parallel a treatise drawn by against the Hierocles 463 his . 305 Euphrates intrigues with the Naked sages against Apollonius. the son of Pamphilus. foil. Apollonius rebukes him in three letters for taking money from the Emperor and for his other faults.. attended by two maidservants. Apollonius rebukes his ambition and love of filthy lucre. 375 in the grove of . the wife of Valerius. 461 Family and lineage of Apollonius recognised by Eusebius to be rich and old. 163. 111 informs against Apollonius for his discourse before the statue of Meles in Smyrna. his play Orestes quoted. letter of Apollonius to them at Sparta rebuking them for the effeminacy of their of citizens. the golden. letter of Apollonius to him. 351 Fates and destiny. chap. 447 . 399 Ephors. and . 333 . 473 Eunuchism. 307 614 . Fire worshipped in Rome. . the favourite of Athene and saviour of mankind.a barbarous name adopted by the Ionians. : . Erinyes.. at Sardis. 63 .. Apollouius dies there. Rescript of Doniitian against. Euthydemus of 565 Phoenicia. 583. Apollonius 409 of the Roman Emperor. chap. denies that Apollonius was even a philosopher. 277. and his abuse of philosophers who follow Pythagoras. Euripidea. informs Apollonius. or of Damis. epistles of Apollonius to him. 515 . 23 his calumnies of Apollonius to the Naked sages are refuted his avarice and intrigues. 461 Eusebius reviews the relations of Apollonius with him. 559 confuses the mad dog of . his greed of money denounced. Book V. 471 Fabulla. much less a man of integrity and good sense. 509 Epistles of Apollonius. criticised by Eusebius. his estimate of Damis of Maximus and of Philostratus. studied by Apollonius. 513 Evil eye. on the ground that were 423 they magicians. Apollonius' quarrel with. scoffed at by Eusebius. 161 the of with Apollonius opinions regard to the inevitability of reviewed and their decrees. 559 foil. the discourse upon of Apollonius in Ionia. Christ.INDEX lecturing there he witnesses by second sight the assassination Doniitian in his palace at Rome. 495 his private estimate of Apollonius as a sage of merely human capacity. their nature analysed by Apollonius. the philosophical teacher of Apollonius at Tarsus. 389 foil. 507 Euxenus of Heraclea in Pontus. satirised in an epistle delivers a discourse upon them Smyrna. Philostratus. discourse about 411 his doctrines Pleasure. that prepared to accept everything is probable in the narrative of Philostratus. between Apollonius and 485. 265 Fabricius. . 517 Fate and necessity. and condemns the sage for not first that realising from the Euphrates was a spurious philosopher. xliii. 413. 159 Fleece. 141 Eupiiorbus an early incarnation of Epicurus. against the conversations held by Apollonius in Ionia. ridicules the of pretensions Apollonius to be a king-maker. 325 Eusebius. tame lion of xlii. . with the Book VI. 495. 409 foil. is Pythagoras. Festivals. 491 foil. conducted by Menippus and Nilus. his malice and his accusations to Domitian of 251 . accusing him of suborning Praxiteles of Calchis to murder him. 189 Eurystheus relieved by Hercules. 593 foil. superstition of. the teacher of Apollonius.

his magic slippers. com- of the Babylonians. 137 of letter Apollonraa Gordius. 57 Heracles. defended by Apoilonius 309 worn long by Apoilonius and bj the Eellenes. 429 Hercules instituted the Olympic his choice as festival. 57 Goddesses. 437 eschewed by Apoilonius. 401 Genius of the Ephesian pestilence took the form of a blind beggar. its welcome to Apoilonius after his escape from Domitian. becomes a place of pilgrimage the Greeks. 211 Hellas. 371 . 601 foil. has a statue erected to him in Kphesusto commemorate Gyara. 37 Glaiicus dedicates a stand for a goblet at Delphi. their debt to the Brahmans of India. the king Homer. mud with mud. 4. 39 Heplui'-rus. 33. threatening him if he continues his brother Hestiaeus. loves of them criticised mortals for by Apoilonius. 415 Flower baskets. but is excluded by Apoilonius' teaching with regard to destiny and the decrees of the fates.INDEX Flesh diet and slaying of living creatures condemned by ApollOnius in his epistles.">. their freedom from persecution and from the need of eating food. 419 Hellespont. its head. a posed by the man of Himera. 423. 205 Grasshoppers. 373 Heaven. 247 Free-will. the averter of disease. 289 Foreknowledge. see Hercules. must be provided for. 81. the translation thither of Apoilonius in his physical body. 383 Hair. used by the Syrians at the festivals of Adonis. Roman Governor of. sum- 323 mons Apoilonius from Athens to B tia. monsters. 415 Barmodius and Aristogeiton. 381 615 . compared and contrasted with the religious images of the ancient Egyptians. drugs the wine in poem in honour of. 387 Eellenic gods in India. 31 Beraclides and Python slay Cotys the Thracian. 385 Forgeries of the enemies of Apoilonius. the cities of visited by earthquakes. 197 among Gymnosophists of the Nile. 529 Hellenism of Caesarea of Palestine. his letter to Neogyndes the king of the Indians. Hadrian preserves in his villa at certain letters of Apoilonius and a volume of Pythagoras Antium brought up by Apoilonius from the cave of Trophonius. . 507 Greek statues of the gods. ius. the place of exile of Muson- the staying of the plague by Apoilonius. in any philosophy of the universe. in a painting by described Prodicus. their abode described. 5G7 as Forensic orators denounced wolves by Apoilonius because and they encouraged litigation informers. 507 Helen. hard by the cave of Trophonius. 323 Henyne the springs of. Busebius points out that Apoilonius did not retain his gift thereof uniformly . 21 Gymnosophists. according to Busebius. his saying that man is by nature irrational. 51 and in all cases. 53 Gods of the under earth prefer deep trenches and underground cere- monies. advises the Ephesians not to purge away 1 Geryon and Nessus. Garmos. 51 Helen of Troy. iii order to ask him about an eclipse. to wrong 441 Gorgon. their innovations in religion upon the philosophy of the Indians. 149 Heraclitus. 167 Grave of Apoilonius nowhere to be found on earth. long.

in Egypt and in Ancient Greece. 283. the worthy of pure Initiations purified and sacrifices of religion Human deities. hymn concerniii'. Incarnation of an ancient Egyptian skipper in the person of Apollonius. 301 the true source of the wisdom of the Pythagoras and of Egyptians. 135. foil. 487.'. the play so called represented at Ephesus before the governor of Asia. 463 Homicides. 301 Hyphasis an 471 epistle for adopting such Iarchas. 421 Hfmera. 91 in Apollonius Inconsistency of 1 1 1 which Eusebius lived. 185. 489. the first writer who for selected ever Apollonius I 529 letter of Apollonius to her. 85 Human sacrifices attributed sacrifices to Apollonius. 51 son of Theseus. purposes of comparison and contrast with the Saviour. 213. their luxury and vices. festival daemon. 367 river. writes a treatise called the Lover of Truth or Philalethes. Hippolytus compared with Timasion. blaming him and his brothers for not as a his merits recognising philosopher. 353 cited by Apollonius in his epistle to Euphrates. cult of. Hind. 291 the harm done by them under Domitian. 265 Hestiaeus. his position as president of the supreme courts in the province his survival after death. at ling the life of Apollonius against that of Christ. used by Apollonius among the Indians. 13 Homer. . . 83 of. 437. although he pretended to understand all languages by intuition. 311 sacrifice to Artemis modiby the Lacedaemonians. 157 Interpreter. 191. and by the teaching of Apollonius. compared with the Xile. 325 beings proclaimed divine Human fied and sacrifices decreed in their honour during their lifetime. 477 Images. repeated by Apollonius. 303 Indian theology adopted by the Egyptians as by Apollonius. his Palinode. 283. brother of Apollonius. the man the of. cited. letter of Apollonius to him concerning the water of his prescience Tantalus. 15. 355. 4^7. 5 21 Informers assail the estates of Phoenician land-owners in Antioch. images of the of him on the. Apollonius writes to him that lie without any is a philosopher letter ambition to be rich. 355 the evils they brought upon mankind proclaimed. statues of. 345 Hyacinthus. 305 Hierocles. 485. site victims useless for purposes of statue of Memnon. in the prisons of Rome spy upon Apollonius. Honey cake and only offerings frankincense. revealed after death by Apollonius to a youth who doubted Idomena. Eusebius' supreme judge in province. Hides of dead animals an impure material from which to make raiment or shoes. 533 Hieronymus sent as an envoy by in praising Domitian to his face and yet intriguing against him behind Ins back. 433 of Apollonius to him. rites of purification of. the citizens of Seleucia to Apollonius. 81 Immortality. . 315 Indus river. 495. reproached in . cited.INDEX Hermes. 311 luo. . 475 and pride ridiculed by Eusebius. 385 . of Empedocles and Pythagoras. 521 616 . beyond the Caucasus. 585 India. exrjosed by Eusebius. in Lace- Hymn to sleep from Homer. cited by Apollonius. names as Lucretius and Lupercus. cited about Sarpedon. augury.

visited by Apollonins. 567 Life of men compared to existence in a prison by Apollonius. Apollonius resorts thither prayed or offered sacrifice. 225. their epistle to Apollonius making him a citizen of Sparta. 531 Libya incognita. 325 Lebadaea. a pure material.INDEX Iolaus is present at the killing of the hydra by Hercules. 460 Ionic dialect rarely used by Apolexcept in writing his testament. 159 Jupiter of the Capitol. by Titus. epistle of Apollonius to him commending poverty. 347 Locri. letter of Apollonins to them. and thereused fore by the Indians. and may be see described as divine. bent on a wheel in heaven. and by the Egyptians when they discoursed Lacedaemonian boys. 121. 389 Ionians. his dynasty. epistle of Apollonius to one. 415 Liver of animals the seat of divination. Apollonius lectures there. near Lebadaea. mentioning the episode of the satyr in Aethiopia. Apollonius said to have 1 dieil there. 55 Licentious youth at Athens the victim. of letter Apollonius to him concerning Anacharsis. Apollonius resorts thither from in order to interview the god Trophonius. a lady of. 3 Libyan offerings of gold at Delphi. visited by Apollonius. 111 Leonidas. 501 also Saviour . 463 Letter of Apollonius to a young man. 111 intrigues of rebels there of inhabitants with Tarsus. 259 . Apolsages. of Domitian and daughter of Titus. or or 617 . niece the Indian sages doubted by Eusebius. 247 Iphitus of Sparta. 431 Long hair worn by Apollonius. and sears the monster with hot iron. . . 53. 345 Lesbonax. :. 111. 125 Ixion. 375 Ister river. when they went to sleep with a view to dreaming. 247 Leucothea gives her 211 Levitation of veil to Ulysses. 293 Lovers addicted to magic. capture of. wore his hair long in token of his bravery. king of Sparta. 381 Legislator. warning him against the ill-effects Of festivals. 429 Lemnos. 463 Laius. 309 Isagoras. 493 was a messenger sent by the Lord of the entire universe to raise human nature. to Domitian forged by his enemies. 317 Italy. his fate. his temple is burnt down in the strim . 309 employed Megistias to sacrifice to him. of Thessaly. . 83 Lacedaemonians. by Pythagoras. to Demetrius. discusses the nature of festivals with Apollonius in Olympia. 137.ot raiment worn by Apollonius as being the proper garb of priests. which devoured good-lookina young men. visited by a satyr.le Julia. Athens. 123 the only man who had been Jesus. Roman exiles therein. Justice discussed between lonins and the Naked 91 foil. 381 Locris. commending the Emperor Titus to him. reasons why they were scourged at the altar of Artemis. Linen. of an indwelling demon. 223 Lindus. 309 Iron knife may not touch the head of a sage. according to Eusebius. 171 lonius. the subject of Hebrew prophecy. or rat her to have disappeared in the temple of Athene there. 165 Ionia. Jerusalem. condemning their adoption of Roman names as a barbarous custom. 420. desert. 351 Lamia of Corinth. 125. 401 between Domitian and 353 Vitellius.

questions them. and to olfer unclean sacrifices. Apollonius writes to the citizens of. 3 Messene in Arcadia. Menippus saved from a Lamia. 431 Megistias of Arcarnania the soothsayer. 325 Macedon. 317 Malea. 17 for . according to Eusebius. and of sacrifices Mad him. 143 Maeander river. in the grove of Smyrna. an incarnation of Pythagoras. 477 in an epistle to them for their want of good morals and religious faith. homoeopathic cure for the bite of. in Arcadia. 467 and Magicians induce men to believe th. Miraculous translation of Apollonius from Rome to Dicaearchia. do not extend to the death of Apollonius. 472 Ministry of demons enabled Apollonius. cited by Stobaeus. from the fetters. port river. the point where Aethiopia adjoins Egypt. their subse- quent fortunes. 443. the penalty there involuntary homicide. 299 Maidservants of Apollonius attend spices. 537.it the unreal is real. 475 Memphis. 161 Memnon. are given up to filthy lucre. the name derided by Apollonius. a barbarous name adopted by the Ionians. 105 Massagetae. 471 Luxury of Roman banquets deseiibel and condemned. 105 Magic. to work his entire series of miracles. use of bits of stone of mysterious origin. 431 Miletus. rebuked by Apollonius . letter of Apollonius to conducts the dispute of Apollonius with Euphrates. its use as a drug. epistle of Apollonius to him. and pursue people with big fortunes. 471 Meroe. 31 . statue of.INDEX Lucanian names adopted by the Ionians. but not due to magic or wizardry. 111 Menodotus. concerning the earth- quake which he had predicted. friend of Diotimus. a name which came thrice in the pedigree of Apollonius. 259 Mhnnermus. 409 Megara. had the blood of satyrs in his veins. 109 mentioned in letter of Apollonius. episode of the youth who came thence to Rome in order to study law and attracted the notice of Domitian. 269 Mandragoras. 313 Lycus. 399 of. rejected by Apollonius from his first youth. 345 Meles. suborned by Euplirates to poison him. 263 Midas. the riches of. 325 Marsyas Maximus of Aegae commended by particular his releasing his foot Hierocles for his history of Apollonius. 15 Memoirs of Damis. 305 Money. 375 Moral nature of man destroyed by . in him at his death. 301 Apollonius supplies himself therewith out of the treasury of Zeus at Olympia with the approval of the priest. 257 Miracles of healing wrought by Eusebius Iarchas. of Apollonius. their barbarous sacrifices. dog. 399 618 . were illusions on the eyes of Damis and others. and that the real i3 unreal. 359 Mnesarchides of Samos. 471 Lucretius the name derided by Apollonius. 413 Milesians. 573 foil. his history and his statue. 569 Minos. attacks a lad at Tarsus. 481 Lysias. Apollonius lectures there. 489 Megabyzes. 9. 471 Lupercus. 305 Lycurgus proclaimed divine by the Pythian oracle. 353 Miracles of the vocal elm tree. the brother of Sarpedon. 471 Lucullus. 141. of taking his leg out of the fetters worked by Apollonius before Damis.

327 . 73 foil. his tyranny. 431 in established contest Musical Rome by Domitian.. sages of the Nile (see 565. Nilus. 131 Paeonian fowls fattened up for Roman banquets. 601 foil. the goddess of Sais. by opposed sea-hare. upheld by Apollonius. 1. 83 boy3. 423 Orphitus and Rufus. hymns sung thereat in honour of liarmodius and Aristogeiton. festival of. dissuading Olympic games. to him. Olympia reached by Apollonius. meaning of the proverb. his faith compared with that of Socrates. the youngest of the Naked sages. worship of. archia. 307 Panathenaic festival in Attica. 4-87 Necromancy. letter of Apollonius to t lie priests of that place. 395 Nerva. at DicaeNymphs. 243 . 305 Palace of Rome Domitian at. why put in metrical form. identical with Athene. Apollonius. islands. 147 people of Elis. 21. 5. gives his reason for abandoning the Naked sage3. accused by himself Neith. the Lacedaemon. 447 Pedigrees kept even by lower castes in s. king of Babylon. 343 his followers not to be condemned as magicians. letter of Garmos. letters of Apollonius to the sages of the museum. pretender to the throne of banished to Domitian. 359 Numenius. his character and his disease. 173 he and his successors avoided by Apollonius for thirty-eight years. them from worshipping the gods witli sacrifices. 549 Apollonius guilty Orpheus. the sources of. Eusebius ridicules their miracle of making an elm-tree talk with an articulate voice. 427 Oracles of Delphi. 427 Apollonius is Naked in of . 161 . his attack on Menelaus. 373 Pandora. 379 Nearchus the Mysian. 435 Peloponnesians.j ii lis. philosophers Esypt. 461 his enemies with the 121 . 93. 175 Musonius the Tyrhenian is exiled by Nero to Gyara. king of India. in his work against Celsus has anticipated most of the arguments of Hierocles. sluggish men Ox Nero poisons without ambition. 237 Palamedes of Troy. their conjunction at Olympia. 197 epistle of Apollonius to him. charApollonius acterised by Apollonius. invited to witness them by the Gymnosophists) Nature and art. 37 Nile. epistle of Apol- months. 329 sits upon the tongue. prayers offered to. 53 Origen. Museum. monsters. wittily compared by Apollonius to a bath. 153. 479 the system of. his melodies which brought back the dead. a tyrant less cruel than Domitian. rebuking Hellas of that age for her barbarism. 331 to Croesus. visited by Apollonius. thereof. correspondence of Tarentum. . 331 Nerva accedes to the throne and invites Apollonius to visit him there. . his tomb restored by Apollonius. cited by Stobaeus. Pamphylian raiments. reigns one year and four Domitian of intriguing against and banished to the 161 . the river. 39 . Pactolus river. 551 Palinode of 51 the man of Himera. compared with the Indus. 395 Nessus and Geryon. 69 619 . with him. its gift of gold dust its gold. 161. and answers them in an epistle. 59 foil. 133 Pandoras. :. goes over to Apollonius.INDEX the teaching of fate and necessity.. 157. 469 Neogyndes.

321. 185: his advice to lion tamers recalled by Apollonius. his murderer. 427 Apollonius was able to stay means of his foil. Phyton 175 Plague. Poseidon and Earth 513 Philosophy. 513 Platonists. and applied as an allegory of tyrants. 157 of Rhegium flees to Dionvsius. 125 Phraotes. consoled by Apollonius in gaol. impersonated or incarnated in Apollonius. 523 rrH. by Hierocles for his culture and loVe of truth. of an earthquake at Ephesus. 527 Persephone. visited by Apollonius. and not to any magical skill. suborned by Bassus to assassinate Apollonius. daughter of 211 Polygnotus painted a picture taking of Ilium at Delphi. the assassin. Pepper trees. 445 Philip of Macedon asserts himseM to be a descendant of Hercules. 437 Political prisoners of Domitian Thon. cites a letter of lonius to Iarchas. 211 Proteus. is purified from blood guilt by Apollonius. of the 149 Philiscus. 505 Providence. 467: of Apollonius criticised by Eusebius. his Timaeus on the immortality of the soul. 233 Phyle. Porphyry. Philostratus of Athens. commended in order to avert earthquakes. 209 Prodicus. caused by the sins of at Ephesus. the demon of the sea. that it charms of breast the savage Ares. the would-be assassin. conversations of Apollonius therein. 543 it by commerce with its nature and . of an earthquake at Miletus by Apollonius. 173 foil. 467. 43. 461. teaches Helen the use of drugs. in writing the conversations of Pythagoras. 149 Pigmies.INDEX lonius to them. Eusebius criticises the tale of them. 439 Phocis. 305 Pherucianus. 475 Predictions of Apollonius in respect of the plague at Ephesus due to his using a lighter diet than others and avoiding luxury. his picture of the choice of Hercules. 281 . criticised by demons. and attributed to commerce with demons by him. 4 Rome. takes up the cause of the freedom of Sicily together with Dion. 541 foil. Prescience of Apollonius ridiculed by Eusebius. 433. explanation according to Eusebius. 65: king of India. letter of Apollonius to him accepting his invitation to visit his residence. reproaching them for their internal feuds. 381 Phoenicia. 431 Phocis near Lebadaea. shared the philosophy of Archytas. 545 riato discoursed upon the soul to the Athenians. letter of Apollonius to them against the taking of money by teachers. a tvrant of Sicily. Apollonius tells the naked sages of his philosophy. 361 Persian magi are divine beings. the government of the 620 . 5 . Apollonius lectures there. 423 Peter and Paid denounced by Hierocles as liars and wizards. the inhabitants murder the thirty tyrants. 17 Philiscus of Melos attended during his last illness by Apollonius at Polydamna. 99. 341 Philolaus handed down 53 Apol- 75 sacrifice to. 489 Phasis. tale of. Eusebius. causes Apollonius to be accused of causing it. Emperors. goddess of the underworld. 221 foil. 33 Proteus of Egypt. 537 Pindar upon music. 139 Praxiteles of Calchis. a madman. fowls from. 149.m at Rome. the perils of under Domitian.

131. epistle Apollonius to certain learned persons among them concerning light and speech. their prescriptions Sardis. 305 . shrine. 255 of by Quaestors Rome. and his control of the universe not inconsistent with the freewill and responsibility of human beings. 169 Apollonius to them on the identity of Athene with their goddess Neitn. 453.:! undermined according to Eusebius by Apollonius' doctrine of fate and necessity. philosophy anticipated by the Indians.thevolume subsequently conveyed to the Emperor Hadrian together with letters of Apollonius. of God. Apollonius's acceptance of seven magical rings proves that he was given to magic. 71 Reincarnation of Telephus in the lad of Tarsus. charge of preferred against Apollonius. 53. Stratocles meets Apollonius at them. . letter of 1S7 Python of Byzantium suborned "Philip. the wearing of wool. 21. 29. men. Rhetoric of the Forum commended for by Apollonius. vices epistle of Apollonius to the people of that city reproaching them for their internal dissensions. 511 foil."):? Pythagoras. to know oneself. Resurrection of the girl at Rome accepted by Eusebius as a and non-miraculous natural incident. 441 Riddles. inscription.">. 497. .ius. 89. 339. Rufus and Orphitus. universe Red human ) Sea. Sais.INDEX thereby prevents any being or animal from transcending the limit which the laws of nature impose. his rite for the purification of homicide adopted by Apollonius. Apollonius promises after meeting his friends there to return to see his brothers late in the spring. intercourse of the Egyptians acn ISS it with India. 435. 49. 49 Rings. letters of Apollonius to the people of. his discipline forbade the eating of flesh. Apollonius writes to them. son of Amyntas. Pythagoras taught by means of them. reproaching them for their and other faults. 317 rich young Rhodes. 141 human. 129 Rhine river. 303 his gift of reminiscence of incarnations.". 601 foil. Pythian and Olympic festivals. letter of Apollonius to the Censor of that cii y rebuking them for 4 19 their indifference to t lie welfare of children and women. visited by Apollonius. 4S9: the pretensions of Apollonius to possess his wisdom. silence concerning prescribed a the mysteries of religion. 143 Reptiles in the cave of Trophonius appeased by worshippers by means of honey cakes. his earlier condemned the offering of blood to the gods. 39. 429 Babies among dogs shown by their being afraid to drink. and preserved in Hadrian's palace at Antium. 383: Hierocles' estimate of him. 243 Sabinua 159 Sacrifice. protesting against their misgovernment. works of art there of Polygnotus and Glaucus. 469 thracian rites. murdered by Domitian. 593 foil. 381 of Responsibility human beings 4. and the sacrifice of his animals. of Publicists. I 621 . a volume of his tenets brought up by Apollonius from the shrine of Trophor. took his rule of life from India. criticised adversely by Eusebius. and allowed nothbut frankincense to he ing burnt upon an altar as the only pure sacrifice. 539 Rome. accused of treason by Domitian before Apollonius and defended by him.

475 Slavery. accused of religious innovation. 463 Stephanu3 assassinates Domitian. 393 Seleucia. 425 Satyrus. whereby he witnesses at Ephesus the assassination of Domitian in 287 his demonic inspiration. 429 Scythians. religion of. 21 Sicily. used by Nero against his enemies. 419 Seleueus of Cyzicus. a citizen of Seleucia and the friend of Apollonius. epistle of Apollonius to him about Zamolxis. cited. Rome. criticism of. epistle . kept for five years by Apollonius in the spirit of Pythagoras. the sophist. nius's letters to Euphrates others. in a praiseworthy manner. 325 Saviour. Apollonius him cited by Stobaeus. 225 . their barbarous religion fice.INDEX of Apollonius to them reproaching them for their internecine feuds. 319 Statue of Aphrodite at Cnidus. his Oedipus Tyrannus cited. 431 Silanus. 345 Silence. cited by Apollonius. 415. the physician. bore in his sold the image of the great God. 321 Solon and Lycurgus. sliips persecuted by Gymuosophists that he had met Apollonius at the Pythian and Olympic festival. Roman political fugitives there. 343 Straton. his trial at Athens. and 107 is controlled epistle by Apollonius. a youth falls in love with it. 161 . 473 Stratocles of Pharos reports to the 343 Senate of Rome Domitian. 479 Saviours of mankind. the physician. 99 Sophocles. and sacri- 325 Sea-hare. 501 Scillous. 371 Scopelianus. 421 Sun. the soothsayer. a poisonous fish. 155 Scythian king. 121 Second sight of Apollonius. 267 Smyrna. 237. 517 Simonides upon silence. and having cleansed his understanding and dissipated the mist of mortality. 389 Socrates accused by the naked sages of worshipping animals and trees. 475 Stoics. 29 Stratocles of Sidon. 473 Apollonius refuses to visit the city because it is so eaten up with faction. . to foil. according to Eusebius. discipline of Pythagoraean. Scythia. his citations of Apollo. their life in wagons. 155 Shrines of the apart. epistle of Apollonius to the councillors of that city thanking them for their goodwill in inviting him to visit them. regime of. . 167. 311 Sicyon. Apollonius discourses on . 155. dwelt upon by Eusebiua. and by Domitian in order to remove his brother Titus. Sick men healed of their diseases by Apollonius. a native of Ambracia. Apollonius lectures there. possibility of one descending from heaven to earth. 315. and illuminated the world of mankind. the fates and on destiny there. of inculcated and followed and 39 observed by Apollonius. 499 of mankind regarded by Eusebiua as a messenger of the Supreme Being who descended from heaven. 475 Satyr infests an Aethiopian village. contrasted with the religion of the underground Naked sophists built start- from Dicaearchia ing thither. letter of Apollonius to him upon human faculties. letter of Apollonius to and them denouncing Bassus. near Olympia. 369 622 . Apollonius resides there in order to teach. 3 39 Stobaeus. 137 of bronze set up in public at Sparta to commemorate the virtues of Apollonius as being a son of Lycurgus. 355 Sophocles of Athens reputed to have charmed away an unseasonable wind. 81 .

Apollonius. 225 Thespesion. instrument of Euphrates. 369 Teiresias. oi Aethiopia. 195 Tigellinus inspired with terror by Apollonius. 113. a friend of PhUiscus of Melos. 99 Tindarus. 9 toll."> Sycophants.Miletus. plunges Antioch into feud. the gold of. 117 Telephus of Mysia. 321 Thales of . Rome 467 in asure of 3000 darics found Antioch. 225 Tantalus. where he meets Apollonius and joins him. 1 13 and the Telesinus philosopher consul in the reign of Nero. 533 Syracusan informer suborned by Domitian against Apollonius. reveals the intrigues of Euphrates. ApalloniuB worships it at mid-day at Corinth. 135 Trial of Apollonius before in banquet at Antium. them Emperor certain favours. 469 Tiber. asks Apollonius to forel ill to him the time and manner of his death. Apollonius passes it on his way to the Peloponnese. originated by Aeschylus.. his dogs. 369 Syria. 249 Syracuse. 187 Tarentum. a youth who. his motion at Sparta that Apollonius be made a citizen. his goblet. 525 Thurii. 325 Tauiomenium readied hy Apollo^ nius on his way from Dicaearchia to the Peloponnese. 413 Thermodon river. Roman governor of. 101. Apollonius and Damis sail up it to Rome. the consul. 57. .INDEX gods. 21 there interviews Titus Tarsus. 1-11 Taurians. prayers for Domitian as the son of Athene thereat. who persuades the Titus to grant. the improvements in. 169. being illtreated by his stepmother. has a proescape of Apollonius from Domitian. 123. 185 the of Naucratis. 481 Themis. for fear of Domitian. them commending them above the people of other Hellenic eit ies. delivers an harangue against Apollonius. 155 Timasion. 467 Thamus assails the city of Memphis. river. to inhabitants reconciled its Apollonius. 155 Telemachus. their savage offerings. i Naucratis and becomes a waterman at Memphis on the Nile. 505 Sycaminus. the waters of. 113. his soul transferred into the boy bitten by the mad dog of Tarsus. a mountain in Lydia. epistle of Apollonius to . 469 Tarentum. 273 623 . 19 and Egypt. a mart on the confines of Aethiopia Thales. 47 Tragic actor plays the Ino in Ephesus. and discusses tions of empire with him. 343 in the course of a . 175 Tantalus. 115. 363 phetic vision of the Domit ian. Titus. how they preyed upon Symbols Symposium youth. 463 with correspondence of. jrbulus. undertakes to guide Apollonius to the springs of the Nile. 119 Tmolus. Apollonius after the siege and capture of Jeru lalem. 131 Tragedy. 165 Swans assist the mother of Apollonius at the birth of her child. 25 full. 129 oi ancient worship. the chief of the Nake 1 sages. 23 Thulc. leaves and destitute dom. 29. epistle him cited by Stobaeus. the proverb of her saltcellar. tales of. 179 of any ideal of free- Tanais. 131 Syrians from the border of Media habitually subjugated by tyrants of Apollonius to Theaetetus. a story of the mad dog at. 89 of the king of India criticised by Eusebius. and its significance. bis affection tor his father Vespasian. his predictions of a plenteous olive crop. 157 Traliians.

his struggle with Domitian for the possession of Rome.. nius thereto. 307 Woollen garments forbidden by Pythagoras. 213 White raiment of those who consulted the shrine of Trophonius. nius. its methods and its dupes described. 315 Valerius. 121 Tyana. 5. and j3ungay. Apollonius pays his respects to him in the Roman Court. 403 Tyranny. proves that he was regarded as a wizard. the crime Trygon. the shrine of Apollonius there is honoured by the Emletter of Apollonius perors. for breaking their vows. preferred against Apoironius. the conversations of Apollonius with criticised him. 589 381 Wizardry. garments of rejected by Apollonius. made of gold. possessing the charm of the sirens. 155 Zamolxis. 353 Water clock used at Roman 275 Wealth. alleged Euseagainst Apollonius. a fish which wounded Odysseus.e. count thereof. and suspended as ornaments in the Pythian temple. of. 293 bius discusses Philostratus's ac. 57 Trophonius. dangers under Do- mitian. 511 Vegetarianism of Pythagoras adopted by Apollonius. 295 Wool. 207 Tripods and automata of the Brahmans. commended by Apollonius in his epistle to the king of the Scythians. 293. 53 . Demetrius and Damis. paris garden. 429 Zeno of Elea attempts to overthrow the tyranny of Kearchus the Mysian. 375 connection with the temple of Artemis at Ephesus. 435 Apollonius to him consoling him for the loss of his son. name of a social caste at Sardis. its dependence upon the Creator. 381 entered by those who would consult him.31 Vitellius. stamford st. 381 visit of Apollo. its trials. 421 Zeus. philosophical letter of Xurisitauri. under Domitian.INDEX Tribune insults Apollonius at Rome. 171 Universe. 39 Wrynecks. a disciple of Pythagoras. Tripods of Hephaestus. their entrails consulted by those who desired to divine the future. 1. 555 foil. Limited. to the senate and people of that city who had invited him to revelation made return. . discussed between Apollo. . 457 Vardan the Babylonian. in Apollonius. -. his patronage of Apollonius. his epistle to Apollonius on the necessity of poverty. as related by Philostratus. 281 impure material for clothes to be made of. 259. Wizards avoided the public temple3 of the gods and cloaked their art under the cover of night. by Eusebius. Printed in Great Britain by Richakd Clay & Sons. 441 there of himself by the risen Apollonius. 405 . three of her virgins put to death by Domitian. s. suffolk. encouraged in his revolt by Apollonius. 467 \< : . his priests wish to reject Apollonius as being a how his cave was wizard. 197 . a thousand drachmas supplied from his treasury at Olympia to and Leto. 327 Vindex. foil. 147 Zenon sent by the councillors of Seleucia as their envoy to Apollonius. 39 Vespasian. 301 Vesta. Eusebius criticises them. 159 Victims.

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2 lostratus. Flavius The life of Apollonius of Tyana : 101007 12050 PLEASE DO NOT REMOVE FROM THIS CARDS OR SLIPS POCKET UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO LIBRARY .PA 4-272 A3 1912 v.2 cop.