THE (R)EVOLUTION OF COLOR

In face of growing popularity of environmental protection around the world , textile dye manufacturers are quickly responding to develop new dye products for the textile and apparel supply chain.

a long life span and many other functional properties are now demanded of textiles. fashionable colors. if available.  Dyes should be non-carcinogenic.  In 1994. non-allergic and non-toxic. however.REASON FOR INTRODUCTION  At the beginning of the 1990s. especially polluting chemical substances. “POISON IN TEXTILES” and other negative headlines were widespread at this time and indiscriminately branded all chemical across the board used in textile manufacturing as negative and dangerous to environment and human health. Germany approved the revised “Act on Food and Consumer Goods” leading to the Research and Development of Environment friendly dyes in textile and apparel business community to substitute the banned dyes.  The Demand we make of modern textile products cannot be realized without the use of specific chemical substances. Extractable heavy metals. . They should be environment friendly. easy care properties. should be kept in the level of acceptable minimum. containing as little pollutants. and are essential in some cases depending on the intended use.

evidence that textile products are harmless to health is becoming an increasingly important factor when making a purchase decision.Oeko-Tex®  Oeko-Tex® Standard 100 introduced a reliable product label for consumers to asses the human ecological quality of textiles and a uniform safety standard for companies within the textiles and clothing industry which enabled a practical assessment of potential harmful substances in textile products. the consumer is not in the position to assess the human ecological quality of the textiles.  Unless there is a visible label on the textile. .  For many consumers in target markets such as Europe.

Textile Supply Chain Raw Materials Dyes and Chemicals Textile Finisher ECOLABELS Convertor LEGISLATION Brand /Retailer PRESSURE GROUPS Consumers .

24 listed by Oeko-Tex® Standard 100)  Allergenic Disperse Dyes (21 disperse dyes listed by Oeko-Tex® Standard 100)  Certain Product Classes listed under Limit Values by Oeko-Tex® Standard 100 .Restricted Substance List From the Introduction in 1994 of the German Consumer Goods Ordinance and Oeko-Tex® passed a RESTRICTED SUBSTANCE LIST(RSL).  Azo dyes that can break down to release carcinogenic amines (22 amines listed in EU Directive 2002/61/EC. which focuses on the following aspects.

List of 24 Banned Carcinogenic Aryl amines 4-Aminobiphenyl 4-Chloro-o-toluidine o-Aminoazotoulene p-Chloroaniline 4.4-Diaminoanisole 3.4.4’-Thiodianiline 2.4’-Diaminobiphenylmethan 3.3’-Dichlorobenzidine 3.4’-Oxydianiline o-Toluidine 2.6-Xylidine Benzidine 2-Napthylamine 2-Amino-4-nitrotoluene 2.4’diaminobiphenylmethane 4.3’-Dimethyl-4.4-Xylidine 4-Aminoazobenzene .3’-Dimethylbenzidine p-Cresidine 4.3’-Dimethoxybenzidine 3.4-Toluylendiamine o-Anisidine 2.5-Trimethylaniline 2.4’-Methylene-bis(2-chloroaniline) 4.

Disperse Blue 7 C.I. Disperse Orange 3 C. Disperse Blue 3 C. Disperse Blue 124 C. Disperse Blue 35 C.I.I.I.I.List of 21 Banned Allergenic Disperse Dyes C.I. Disperse Red 11 C. Disperse Blue 102 C. Disperse Yellow 9 C.I. Disperse Orange 1 C.I. Disperse Blue 1 C. Disperse Orange 76 C.I. Disperse Orange 37 C.I. Disperse Yellow 49 C.I. Disperse Yellow 3 C.I.I.I.I.I.I.I. Disperse Blue 26 C. Disperse Blue 106 C. Disperse Red 1 C.I. Disperse Yellow 1 C.I. Disperse Yellow 39 .I. Disperse Brown 1 C. Disperse Red 17 C.

RSL Comply at Textile Dye Manufacturer Chemical and Environmental Legislation Textile coloration processes Environmental impact of textile processing Ecolabels and chemical Restrictions .

I.Safer Alternatives for Banned Acid Dyes Banned Acid Dye Acid Orange 45 Acid Red 4 Acid Red 5 Acid Red 26 C. Number Alternative C.I. Number 22195 14710 14905 16150 Acid Orange Acid Red 157 Acid Red 191 Acid Red 1914690 17990 14730 24785 Acid Red 115 Acid Violet 49 Acid Violet 12 Acid Black 94 27200 42640 18075 30336 Acid Red 37 Acid Violet 72 Acid Violet 13 Acid Black 24 17045 42665 16640 26370 .

Number 29156 28160 25275 9160 Direct Red 46 Direct Red 62 Direct Violet 1 Direct Brown 2 Direct Black 29 23050 29175 22570 22311 22580 Direct Red 31 Direct Red 4 Direct Violet 66 Direct Brown 112 Direct Black 51 29100 29165 29120 29166 27720 .I. Number 23660 22130 23900 22145 29185 Alternative Direct Yellow 15 Direct Orange 102 Direct Red 81 Direct Red 120 Direct Red 23 C.I.Safer Alternatives for Banned Direct Dyes Banned Direct Dye Direct Yellow 48 Direct Orange 8 Direct Red 2 Direct Red 10 Direct Red 24 C.

I.I.Safer Alternatives for Banned Disperse Dyes Banned Disperse Dye C. Number Disperse Yellow 7 Disperse Yellow 23 Disperse Blue 12 Disperse Orange 50 Disperse Yellow 24 Disperse Yellow 46 Disperse Yellow 62 Disperse Yellow 1 Disperse Yellow 2 Disperse Yellow 29 23660 22130 3900 22145 29185 23050 29175 22570 22311 22580 Alternative Disperse Yellow 15 Disperse Orange 102 Disperse Red 81 Disperse Red 120 Disperse Yellow 23 Disperse Yellow 31 Disperse Yellow 4 Disperse Violet 66 Disperse Yellow 112 Disperse Yellow 51 C. Number 29156 28160 25275 29160 29100 29165 29120 29166 27720 .

which require as low as onefourth of salt (Sodium Sulfate) in the dyeing process. Colocid range of acid dyes as an alternatives for banned dyes repectively. resulting in a drastic reduction of industrial waste water load. since it minimizes the effluent load.  DYSTAR Launched Telon K range of acid dyes for dyeing of nylon and acetate fibres. has very high fixation rate. .  COLOURTEX Launched Coralene range of disperse dyes.INDUSTRIAL ASPECT  CIBA Launched Cibacron LS range of reactive dyes. this benefit in turn bring environmental advantages. free from metal. features high exhaustion rate and fastness properties.  Cibacron C range of reactive dyes.  CLARIENT Launched Sandolan MF range of acid dyes for dyeing of wool.

Stabilized Catalase Enzyme ADVANCED ENZYMES       Rapidenz Cool ------.Aggressive liquid acid cellulase for fading effects on denims Enzystone N160 -----.ENZYMES HUNTSMAN  INVAZYME® L-40 ----.Liquid Bioscouring enzyme for caustic free process Denibrade 10C ------.Garment Wet Processing  INVAZYME® CAT-I -----.Desizing Enzyme Addscour PCLP ------.Cellulase for Bio-polishing effect Denicell ---------------.Neutral cellulase for bio-washing of denims Addox 5L ---------------Concentrated Catalase enzyme based Peroxide killer .Stabilized Bacteria Amylase  INVAZYME® CEL -----.

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