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SOT23 Dual-Input USB/AC Adapter 1-Cell Li+ Battery Chargers
The MAX1551/MAX1555 charge a single-cell lithium-ion (Li+) battery from both USB* and AC adapter sources. They operate with no external FETs or diodes, and accept operating input voltages up to 7V. On-chip thermal limiting simplifies PC board layout and allows optimum charging rate without the thermal limits imposed by worst-case battery and input voltage. When the MAX1551/MAX1555 thermal limits are reached, the chargers do not shut down, but progressively reduce charging current. The MAX1551 includes a POK output to indicate when input power is present. If either charging source is active, POK goes low. The MAX1555 instead features a CHG output to indicate charging status. With USB connected, but without DC power, charge current is set to 100mA (max). This allows charging from both powered and unpowered USB hubs with no port communication required. When DC power is connected, charging current is set at 280mA (typ). No input-blocking diodes are required to prevent battery drain. The MAX1551/MAX1555 are available in 5-pin thin SOT23 packages and operate over a -40°C to +85°C range. o Charge from USB or AC Adapter o Automatic Switchover when AC Adapter is Plugged In o On-Chip Thermal Limiting Simplifies Board Design o Charge Status Indicator o 5-Pin Thin SOT23 Package o Protected by U.S. Patent #6,507,172
PART MAX1551EZK-T MAX1555EZK-T TEMP RANGE -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C PIN-PACKAGE 5 Thin SOT23-5 5 Thin SOT23-5
PART MAX1551EZK MAX1555EZK TOP MARK ADRT ADRU FEATURES POK Output CHG Output
PDAs Wireless Appliances Cell Phones Digital Cameras
USB 1 5 BAT
AC ADAPTER 3.7V TO 7V DC
Typical Operating Circuit
BAT TO SYSTEM LOAD Li+
USB 3.7V TO 6V
CHARGE CONTROL TO LOGIC RAIL
POK 3 (CHG)
*Protected by U.S. Patent #6,507,172. ________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products 1
For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim/Dallas Direct! at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim’s website at www.maxim-ic.com.
.... VDC = 0....0 6.....3V to +7V Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C) 5-Pin Thin SOT23 (derate 9.......-40°C to +85°C Junction Temperature Range . VUSB = 0. These are stress ratings only... IBAT = 0. VBAT = 4.............. VBAT = 4V.-0.6V When charging stops..-40°C to +150°C Storage Temperature Range ..001 +110 100 300 1 mA mV µA °C VDC or VUSB = 5V VBAT = 3.. POK Leakage Current Thermal-Limit Temperature Charge current where CHG goes high...3V.. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. VDC = 0 3. VBAT = 4V..6V.... VBAT = 3.. AND THERMAL LIMIT CHG Threshold CHG.... VDC = 0 When charging stops.. VBAT = 3V (Note 1) (Note 1) 3.....75 3.......7V..........2V 4....1 3...... VDC = 0.....15 3 4 90 V V mA Ω mV VDC = 3... TA = 0°C to +85°C....... IBAT falling.. USB falling.... VBAT = 3..... 430mV hysteresis.... POK Logic-Low Output CHG.....727mW Operating Temperature Range ..........1mW/°C above +70°C) .. 10s) ..........65 2 30 60 6.....+300°C Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device.......15 3 2 90 V V V mA Ω mV CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS 2 _______________________________________________________________________________________ .242 340 100 3.... VUSB = 5V VBAT rising...0 to +7V BAT.......158 220 80 2.........75 3.75 1 60 7..... ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VDC = 5V..SOT23 Dual-Input USB/AC Adapter 1-Cell Li+ Battery Chargers MAX1551/MAX1555 ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS DC to GND... unless otherwise noted.......0 4.....8V VDC = VUSB = 0........ IPOK = 10mA VCHG... 430mV hysteresis.......... DC falling...... TA = +25°C Charge current reduced by 17mA/°C above this temperature 25 50 150 0..... VDC = 5V VBAT = 3. VUSB = 0... 50mA hysteresis ICHG.. 200mV hysteresis 30 Input rising......7 0... USB to GND ........ 200mV hysteresis.... VBAT = 3V (Note 1) VUSB = 5V......... VDC = 0 VUSB = 3.............. CHG.0 to +8V DC to BAT ....2 280 90 3 40 4. and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied...3V.....9 20 4.. VPOK = 6V.95 1..0 4.-65°C to +150°C Lead Temperature (soldering....95 1..7 3.... 100mV hysteresis VBAT = 2....1 80 5 V mA mA V mA µA (Note 1) Input rising........ CHG.....7V..... POK.......... CBAT = 1µF........) PARAMETER DC DC Voltage Range DC to BAT Voltage Range DC Undervoltage Lockout Threshold DC Supply Current DC to BAT On-Resistance DC to BAT Dropout Voltage USB USB Voltage Range USB Undervoltage Threshold USB Supply Current USB to BAT On-Resistance USB to BAT Dropout Voltage BAT BAT Regulation Voltage DC Charging Current USB Charging Current BAT Prequal Threshold Prequalification Charging Current BAT Leakage Current POK..
POK Logic-Low Output CHG.7 3. TA = -40°C to +85°C.3V.75 7. VUSB = 0. Note 2: Specifications to -40°C are guaranteed by design.141 220 80 2. POK Leakage Current Charge current where CHG goes high.SOT23 Dual-Input USB/AC Adapter 1-Cell Li+ Battery Chargers ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VDC = 5V.0 4. VDC = 5V VBAT = 3. unless otherwise noted. USB falling. VDC = 0 When charging stops. 100mV hysteresis VBAT = 2. The charger turns on when an input rises to 3. DC falling.259 340 100 3. VBAT = 4. and turns off when it falls below 3. 430mV hysteresis. VBAT = 4V. VBAT = 3. VDC = 0.0 4. VDC = 0 VUSB = 3. 200mV hysteresis.7V. IPOK = 10mA VCHG.15 3 4 95 V V mA Ω mV VDC = 3. IBAT falling. VBAT = 3.2V 4.52V. CHG CHG Threshold CHG. VBAT = 3V (Note 1) VUSB = 5V. 200mV hysteresis 30 Input rising.7 0. VDC = 0 30 3.75 6.95V (typ). not production tested.1 3.6V When charging stops. VBAT = 3V (Note 1) (Note 1) 3.7V.6V.1 80 5 V mA mA V mA µA (Note 1) Input rising. _______________________________________________________________________________________ 3 .9 20 4. 430mV hysteresis. CBAT = 1µF. VUSB = 0.) (Note 2) PARAMETER DC DC Voltage Range DC to BAT Voltage Range DC Undervoltage Lockout Threshold DC Supply Current DC to BAT On-Resistance DC to BAT Dropout Voltage USB USB Voltage Range USB Undervoltage Lockout Threshold USB Supply Current USB to BAT On-Resistance USB to BAT Dropout Voltage BAT BAT Regulation Voltage DC Charging Current USB Charging Current BAT Prequal Threshold Prequalification Charging Current BAT Leakage Current POK. VUSB = 5V VBAT rising.8V VDC = VUSB = 0. VDC = 0.0 6. IBAT = 0.15 3 2 95 V V V mA Ω mV CONDITIONS MIN MAX UNITS MAX1551/MAX1555 Note 1: The input undervoltage lockout has 430mV of hysteresis. VPOK = 6V.3V. 50mA hysteresis ICHG. TA = +25°C 25 100 300 1 mA mV µA VDC or VUSB = 5V VBAT = 3. VBAT = 4V.
5 3.VBAT) (V) USB CHARGE CURRENT vs.2V 1.SOT23 Dual-Input USB/AC Adapter 1-Cell Li+ Battery Chargers MAX1551/MAX1555 Typical Operating Characteristics (VDC = 5V. BATTERY VOLTAGE MAX1551/55 toc03 300 250 CHARGE CURRENT (mA) 200 150 100 50 0 VBAT = 3.5 1.0 BATTERY CURRENT 200mA/div 0A VUSB 5V/div 0.0 4.1 0.1 0.0 1.0 1.8V.0 3.21 MAx1551/55 toc06 100 80 60 40 20 0 -20 0 300 250 DC CHARGE CURRENT (mA) THERMAL LIMIT ACTIVATED 200 150 100 50 0 VBAT = 3.0 2.2 0.0 0V MAX1551/55 toc07 USB-TO-DC TRANSITION WAVEFORM MAX1551/55 toc08 2.5 3.18 25 35 45 55 65 75 85 -40 -15 10 35 60 85 TEMPERATURE (°C) TEMPERATURE (°C) 0.5 2.4 100 80 CHARGE CURRENT (mA) 60 40 20 0 VDC = 0.5 4.8V. TA = +25°C. unless otherwise noted.0 3.5 0 0. IBAT = 0.5 0 0.5 BATTERY VOLTAGE (V) OFF-BATTERY LEAKAGE CURRENT vs. AMBIENT TEMPERATURE MAX1551/55 toc05 BATTERY TERMINATION VOLTAGE vs. SWEEPING DC 0 TO 5V VBAT = 4.) CHARGE CURRENT vs. BATTERY VOLTAGE MAX1551/55 toc04 DC CHARGE CURRENT vs.8V. USB VOLTAGE HEADROOM MAX1551/55 toc02 DC CHARGE CURRENT vs. VDC FALLING -50 0 0.5 BATTERY VOLTAGE (V) DC VOLTAGE HEADROOM (VDC .22 USB CHARGE CURRENT (mA) 4.4 0.0 2.5 2. TEMPERATURE BAT OPEN BATTERY TERMINATION VOLTAGE (V) 4.5 0V 1.5 2.19 4.3 0.2 0.0 4. SWEEPING USB 0 TO 5V OR VUSB = 0.5 1. CBAT = 1µF. VBAT = 3. DC VOLTAGE HEADROOM MAX1551/55 toc01 CHARGE CURRENT vs.5 4.3 0. VDC = 5V -50 4.20 4.VBAT) (V) USB VOLTAGE HEADROOM (VUSB . VUSB FALLING -20 300 250 DC CHARGE CURRENT (mA) 200 150 100 50 0 -50 0. DC INPUT VOLTAGE OFF-BATTERY LEAKAGE CURRENT (µA) VDC = 0.5 VPOK 2V/div VDC 5V/div 400ms/div 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 DC OR USB INPUT VOLTAGE (V) 0V 4 _______________________________________________________________________________________ . VUSB = 0.
the chargers do not shut down. CHG indicates when the battery is fully charged by going high impedance when the charger is in voltage mode and charge current falls below 50mA. the charge current is set to 100mA (max). the charger is on. Charging does not stop when CHG goes high.SOT23 Dual-Input USB/AC Adapter 1-Cell Li+ Battery Chargers Pin Description PIN 1 2 NAME USB GND POK 3 CHG FUNCTION USB Port Charger Supply Input. MAX1551/MAX1555 4 5 DC BAT Detailed Description The MAX1551/MAX1555 charge a single-cell Li+ battery from both USB and AC adapter sources. An internal thermal control loop simplifies PC board layout and allows optimum charging rate without the thermal limits imposed by worst-case battery and input voltage. POK pulls low when either charger source is present (MAX1551 only). open-drain charge status indicator. Decouple DC with a 1µF ceramic capacitor to GND. See the Absolute Maximum Ratings section. Active-Low Open-Drain Charge Status Indicator. Once power is connected to USB and/or DC. The battery does not charge from both sources at the same time. Table 1.52V AND 3. DC draws 280mA to charge the battery. and accept operating input voltages up to 7V. POK can be used as a logic output or can drive an LED. USB to Adapter Power Handoff The MAX1551/MAX1555 can charge from either the USB input or the DC input.95V AND VUSB DON’T CARE 280mA (typ) charging from DC VDC < 3.95V. With USB connected. Insert a diode at DC (the adapter input) if protection from negative voltage inputs (reversed-polarity adapter plugs) is required. When DC power is connected. battery leakage current is less than 5µA. The MAX1551/ MAX1555 automatically detect the active input and charge from that. If both power sources are active. Decouple USB with a 1µF ceramic capacitor to GND. MAX1555 Charge Status (CHG) The MAX1555’s CHG is an active-low. POK indicates the charger is connected to input power and is charging. Decouple BAT with a 1µF ceramic capacitor to GND. No input-blocking diodes are required to prevent battery drain. Battery Connection. CHG goes to a high-impedance state.52V Undervoltage lockout (VDC takes precedence when both inputs are present. The switchover between DC and USB is detailed in Table 1.95V < VUSB < 6V 100mA (max) charging from USB VDC AND VUSB < 3. Ground Power-OK Active-Low Open-Drain Charger Status Indicator. When input power is removed. USB and DC Input Selection VDC > 7V OR VUSB > 6V Exceeds operating input range. DC Charger Supply Input for an AC Adapter. VDC > 3. MAX1551 Power-OK (POK) The MAX1551’s POK is an active-low. These devices operate with no external FETs or diodes. CHG pulls low when the battery is charging (whenever USB or DC are powered) and charge current is greater than 50mA. but simply reduce charging current by 17mA/°C above a die temperature of +110°C. The MAX1551/MAX1555 do not feature an enable input. enabling portable users to forgo carrying a wall cube. When the MAX1551/MAX1555 thermal limits are reached. CHG is low in precharge mode. open-drain output that goes low when VDC or VUSB is above 3. CHG is high impedance when both input sources are low (MAX1555 only). when the charger is in voltage mode and charge current falls below 50mA. charging current is set at 280mA (typ). the DC input takes precedence. Not allowed. indicating the battery is fully charged.) _______________________________________________________________________________________ 5 . but without DC power. This allows charging from both powered and unpowered USB hubs with no port communication required. USB draws up to 100mA to charge the battery. CHG pulls low when the battery is charging.
the device enters precharge mode where charging current is limited to 40mA.SOT23 Dual-Input USB/AC Adapter 1-Cell Li+ Battery Chargers MAX1551/MAX1555 Precharge Current The MAX1551/MAX1555 feature a precharge current to protect deeply discharged cells. The device reduces the power dissipation at BAT to prevent overheating.7V TO 7V C1 1µF DC BAT Li+ C3 1µF TO SYSTEM LOAD USB 3. not shut down. Mount these capacitors within 1cm of their respective pins. Solder the MAX1551/MAX1555s’ GND to a large ground plane to help dissipate power and keep the die temperature below the thermal limit. Package Thermal Limiting On-chip thermal limiting in the MAX1551/MAX1555 simplifies PC board layout and allows charging rates to be optimized without the limits imposed by worst-case battery and input voltages. USB. X7R and X5R dielectrics are recommended. but progressively reduce charging current by 17mA/°C above a die temperature of +110°C. the chargers do Bypass Capacitors Use ceramic bypass capacitors at DC.7V TO 6V C2 1µF USB CHARGE CONTROL TO LOGIC RAIL R1 100kΩ INDICATES THAT POWER IS PRESENT (EITHER DC OR USB) LOGIC CONTROL POK (CHG) MAX1551 (MAX1555) GND 6 _______________________________________________________________________________________ . This allows the board design to be optimized for compact size and typical thermal conditions. The USB charge current of 100mA is unlikely to induce thermal limiting. and BAT. When the MAX1551/ MAX1555 thermal limits are reached. Chip Information TRANSISTOR COUNT: 541 PROCESS: BiCMOS Typical Application Circuit AC ADAPTER 3. If VBAT is less than 3V.
go to www. For the latest package outline information.maxim-ic.com/packages.SOT23 Dual-Input USB/AC Adapter 1-Cell Li+ Battery Chargers Package Information (The package drawing(s) in this data sheet may not reflect the most current specifications.) MAX1551/MAX1555 _______________________________________________________________________________________ 7 .
120 San Gabriel Drive.SOT23 Dual-Input USB/AC Adapter 1-Cell Li+ Battery Chargers MAX1551/MAX1555 Package Information (continued) (The package drawing(s) in this data sheet may not reflect the most current specifications.com/packages. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. . CA 94086 408-737-7600 © 2003 Maxim Integrated Products Printed USA is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products. No circuit patent licenses are implied. go to www. 8 _____________________Maxim Integrated Products.) Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. For the latest package outline information.maxim-ic. Sunnyvale.
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