COLUMN DIAMETER / HYDRAULIC CHECK

Prepared by : Checked by : Date :

Column Tag No. Job No. Client Project

: : : :

Input Data Packing type Packing size = Pall metal rings = 25 mm

Gas / Vapour Properties Gas / Vapour flow rate, V = = Gas / Vap. Density, V = Liquid Properties Liquid flow rate, L Liquid Density,
L

3843 kg/h 1.0675 kg/s 3 3.9352 kg/m

= = =

2317 kg/h 0.6436 kg/s 3 769.87 kg/m
2

Conversion : 0.2218 Cp =
2 0.00022180 Ns/m

Liquid Viscosity, µL Packing factor, Fp

= 0.0002218 Ns/m =
-1 160 m

Calculation Liq.-Vap. Flow factor, FLV = (L / V) x ( = 0.0431
V

/

L)

Design for an initial pressure drop of 20mm H2O /m packing From K4 v/s FLV, K4 K4 at flooding Trial % flooding = = 0.76 4.50 ) x 100

= ( (K4 / K4 at flooding) = 41.0961 = K4 .
V( L

Gas mass flow rate, Vm

-L)

13.1 Fp (µL / = Trial column c/s area (Trial As) = = Trial column dia., D =

V) 0.1

(1/2)

2 2.2198 kg/m .s

V / Vm
2 0.4809 m

0.7825 m

D = (4/pi) x Trial As

Sheet 1 of 6

As = % flooding = 69. If flooding is to be reduced.Round off 'D' to nearest standard size Therefore.600 m 2 0.8977 % flooding = Trial % flooding x (Trial As / As) Conclusion Generally packed towers are designed for 50% -. D = 0.2827 m 2 As = (pi/4) x D Column C/S area. Sheet 2 of 6 .85% flooding. (i) Select larger packing size and repeat the above steps. OR (ii) Increase the column diameter and repeat the above steps.

213 ln µ Applicable when. a 20% design safety factor can be applied.323415 ft 0.HETP PREDICTION Norton's Correlation : ln HETP = n .2218 cP 1. = 17 dyne/cm Norton's Correlation Applicable Liquid Viscosity n = = 0. HETP = 0. Considering 20% safety factor.13080 Norton's Correlation Applicable Calculation ln HETP HETP = = = 0. Considering 15% safety factor.0.463883 m Sheet 3 of 6 .017 N/m = 17 dyne/cm Liquid-phase Surface Tension. less than 15 theoritical stages.187 ln + 0. liquid phase surface tension > 4 dyne/cm & < 36 dyne/cm liquid viscosity > 0. a 15% design safety factor can be applied. HETP = 0.83 cP Conversion : Input Data 0.403377 m For separations.280216 1. requiring 15 to 25 theoritical stages.08 cP & < 0.484052 m For separations.

:: Random Packings and Packed Towers ---.Table 6.Strigle .2 Constant for HETP Correlation Ref.

COULSON & RICHARDSON'S .Ref. : : Chemical Engineering. Volume-6 .

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