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JOINT AVIATION AUTHORITIES AIRLINE TRANSPORT PILOT’S LICENCE Theoretical Knowledge Manual 090 COMMUNICATIONS ee iti n, Second Impression. APPROVE DI @ This leaming material has been appro\ JAA compliant by the United Tewaon Civil Aviation Authority. = (@irorv- <~. [i JJEPPESEN. ‘AVIATION TRAINING. © Oxford Aviation Services Limited 2001 All Rights Reserved “Tile Yon BSGK To be used only Tor Ts purps of private say by india and may nt be Faprodused in ay form oF madam ‘copied, stored ina retrieval system, lt, hirec, rented, ranemtod or adapted in whol on part witout the prior waten consent Of ‘Geld Aviation Services Limited ‘Copia a Sasa wd atari bau win Wise Gove of SUCH WaPo, XSW PT ara! WAH & PTOBICE Oy To KE perms of thie pares ana acknowledged as SUC, belongs excusivay fo OxlersAvazon Selvees Lod certain copyright matrla eproducod wih he peiesion of th rant Cal Aon Organisation, the Unite! Kingdom Call Aion utrotiy and the Joint latin Aus (INA “This et Soak fas Boon ween and pubiohed axa levee work fo asia aludontsanvled onan approved JAK Al Tranepar Pkt cans {ATPL couse to praparstemachee forthe JAA ATPL feorled! kage examnatons. NolNag hte corte oth bog a0 Be ‘erpeaiod 9 consi instruction a ce relating e praca yg. ‘Wiis every has bsen mado to ona the accurooy of he nfraton consid within Be bok, rether Oxo Avaten Senne Limtod ‘or the pulser gives any waranty ee fs ancraoyoroheriae Sucent proparin fo the JAA ATPL therebea Inonlsdgeevarinatons ‘shoul no regards bok asa subst fr the JAA ATPL heorecal knowtecge raring sas pliers in the curr eaten of VAR-POL. {Trig Crew iceneing (Aeroplanes) We Sys). The Sylaus oansUes the ee authntaie efi of te sujal rnate o be stushed ‘na Jad ATPL thereto hrovledgo vaing programme. you dec fe subscrbe fo the amsndiert service fered win ts Bek pesos note that eve willbe 0 delay betwoen to intcucson of ange toto Sylabus and your sesiptof Io rlovantupdales. No sludort chou Poparofo. or esrontyeiled to ena ise ero fy, te JAA ATPL thaoreal krowedge earinebons meat fet bay OG 3 {rain seal whion hasbeen rented aoprovl by sABsaanorised nator viaton authory Gaver JAA ATPL vag ‘far Aviation Services Limited exasalably for any nes o damage ncuted cr utored as a result of ny rafance on allo pat of hie Sook expt fo ary Basil for dosh of personal yur enue fon Odors Avalon Serces Lentad's napigance cay cher bay whch not galy be exe Cover picture by courtesy of the Boeing Company Spine picture by courtesy of Jeppesen Published by: Jeppesen GmbH, Frankfurt, Germany Contact Details: Pilot Ground Training Department Sales and Service Department ‘Oxford Aviation Training Jeppesen GmbH Oxford Airport Frankfurter Strasse 233, Kidlington 63263 New-lsenburg, Oxford OXS IRA, Germany England Tel: +444 (0)1865 844290 ‘Tol: +449 (0}6102 508240 E-mail: ddd@oxfordaviation.net E-mail: fra-services@jeppesen.com For further information on products and services from Oxford Aviation Training and Jeppesen visit our web sites at: and ISBN: 0-88487-291-2 FOREWORD Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA) pilot licences were first introduced in 1999, By the end of 2602, all 33 JAA member states will have adopted the new, pan-European licensingsystem, Many other countries world-wide have already expressed interest in aligning their training with the syllabi for the various JAA. Hicences. These syllabi and the regulations governing the award and the renewal of licences are defined bythe JAA’ slicensingagency, known as “Joint Aviation Requirements-Plight Crew Licensing’, or JAR- PCL, The introduction of JAA licences is, naturally, accompanied by associated JAR-FCL practical skill tests (tests of flying ability) and theoretical knowledge examinations corresponding to each level of licence: Private Pilot Licence, Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL), CPL with Instrument Rating and Air Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL). The JAR-FCL skill tests and the ground examinations, though similar in content and scope to those conducted by many national authorities, are inevitably different in detail from the tests and examinations set by any individual JAA member state under its own national scheme. Consequently, students who wish to train for JAA licences need access to study material which has been specifically designed to meet the requirements of the new licensing system. As faras the JAA ATPL ground examinations are concerned, the subject matter to be tested is set out in the ATPL training syllabus contained in the JAA publication, ‘JAR-FCL 1 (Aeroplanes)’. Inevitably, this syllabus represents a compromise between the differing academic contents of the national ATPL, training syllabi it replaces. Thus, it follows that the advent of the new examinations has created a need for completely new reference texts to cover the requirements of the new syllabus. This series of manuals, prepared by Oxford Aviation Training and published by Jeppesen, aims to cover those requirements and to help student pilots prepare for the JAA ATPL theoretical knowledge examinations (Oxford Aviation Training (OAT) is one of the world’s leading professional pilot schools. It has been in operation for over thirty years and has trained more than 12, 000 professional pilots for over 80 airlines, world-wide, OAT was the firs pilot school in the United Kingdom to be granted approval to train for the JAA ATPL. As one of the most active members of the European Association of Airline Pilot Schools, OAT has been a leading pleyer in the pan-European project to define, in objective terms, the depth and scope of the academic content of JAA ATPL ground training as outlined in ‘JAR-FCL | (Aeroplanes)’. OAT led and coordinated this joint-Euopean effort to produce the JAA ATPL Learning Objectives which are now published by the JAA itself.as a guide to the theoretical knowledge requirements of ATPL training In less than two years since beginning JAA ATPL training, and despite the inevitable teething problems that national aviation authorities have experienced in introducing the new examination system, OAT has achieved an unsurpassed success rate in terms of the passes its students have gained in the JAA ATPL, examinations. This achievement is the result of OAT’s whole-hearted commitment to the introduction of the new JAA licensing system and ofits willingness to invest heavily in the research and development required to make the new system work for its students. OAT has not only been at the forefront of the effort made to document JAA ATPL theoretical knowledge requirements, but it has also produced associated academic notes of the highest quality and created computer-generated and web-based ATPL, lessons which ensure that its students are as well-prepared as possible to succeed in the ground examinations. continued...