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Construction Terms

Construction Terms

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FHAstrap-Metal strapsthat areusedtorepair abearingwall “cut-out”,andto“tietogether” wall
corners,splices,andbearingheaders.Also,theyareusedtohangstairsand landingstobearingheaders.

Facenail-Toinstall nailsintothevertical faceofabearingheader orbeam.

Facedconcrete-Tofinish thefront andallverticalsidesof aconcreteporch,step(s),orpatio.Normally
the“face” isbroomfinished.

Facingbrick-Thebrickusedandexposedontheoutsideof awall.Usuallythesehaveafinishedtexture.

Fascia-Horizontalboardsattachedtorafter/trussendsat theeavesandalonggables.Roof draingutters
areattachedtothefascia.

Felt-Tarpaper.Installedunder theroof shingles.Normally15lb.or 30lb.

Female-Anypart,suchasanut or fitting,intowhichanother (male)part canbeinserted.Internal
threadsarefemale.

Ferrule-Metal tubesusedtokeeproof gutters“open”.Longnails(ferrulespikes)aredriven through
thesetubesandholdtheguttersinplacealongthefasciaof thehome.

Fieldmeasure-Totakemeasurements(cabinets,countertops,stairs,showerdoors,etc.)inthehome
itself insteadofusingtheblueprints.

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Fingerjoint-Amanufacturingprocessof interlockingtwoshorter piecesof woodendtoendtocreatea
longer pieceof dimensionallumberor molding.Oftenusedin jambsandcasingsandarenormally
painted(insteadof stained).

Fireblock-Short horizontal memberssometimesnailedbetweenstuds,usuallyabout halfwayupawall.
Seealso‘Firestop’.

Firebrick-Brickmadeof refractoryceramicmaterialwhichwill resist hightemperatures.Usedina
fireplaceandboiler.

Fireplacechaseflashingpan-Alargesheet of metalthat isinstalledaroundandperpendicular tothe
fireplacefluepipe.It’spurposeistoconfineandlimit thespreadof fireandsmoketoasmallarea.

Fire-resistiveor Firerated-Appliesto materialsthat arenot combustibleinthetemperaturesof ordinary
firesandwill withstand suchfiresfor at least 1hour.Drywallusedinthegarageandpartywallsareto
befirerated,5/8?,TypeX.

Fireretardantchemical-Achemicalor preparationof chemicalsused toreducetheflammabilityof a
material or toretardthespreadof flame.

Firestop-Asolid,tight closureof aconcealedspace,placedtoprevent thespreadof fireandsmoke
throughsuchaspace.Inaframewall,thiswillusuallyconsist of 2by4crossblockingbetweenstuds.
Workperformedtoslowthespreadof fireandsmokeinthewallsandceiling(behindthedrywall).
Includesstuffingwireholesinthetopandbottomplateswithinsulation,andinstallingblocksof wood
betweenthewallstudsat thedropsoffit line.ThisisintegraltopassingaRoughFrameinspection. See
also‘Fireblock’.

Fishplate(gusset)-Awoodor plywoodpieceusedtofasten theendsof twomemberstogetherat abutt
joint withnailsorbolts.Sometimesusedat thejunctionofoppositeraftersnear theridgeline.
Sometimescalledagangnail plate.

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Fishtape-Alongstripof springsteel usedfor fishingcablesandfor pullingwiresthroughconduit.

Fixedpricecontract-Acontract withaset pricefor thework.SeeTimeandMaterialsContract.

Fixedrate-Aloanwheretheinitial paymentsarebasedonacertaininterest ratefor astatedperiod.
Theratepayablewill not changeduringthisperiodregardlessofchangesinthelender’sstandard
variablerate.

FixedRateMortgage-Amortgagewith aninterest ratethat remainsthesameover theyears.

Flagstone(flaggingorflags)-Flat stones(1to4inchesthick)usedfor walks,steps,floors,andvertical
veneer (inlieuof brick).

Flakeboard-Amanufacturedwoodpanel madeout of1?-2?woodchipsandglue.Oftenusedasa
substituteforplywoodintheexterior wallandroof sheathing.AlsocalledOSBor wafer board.

Flameretentionburner-Anoil burner,designedtoholdtheflamenear thenozzlesurface.Generallythe
most efficient typefor residentialuse.

Flashing-Sheet metalorother material usedinroofandwall constructiontoprotect abuildingfrom
water seepage.

Flatmold-Thinwoodstripsinstalledover thebutt seamof cabinet skins.

Flat paint-Aninteriorpaint that containsahighproportionofpigment anddriestoaflat or lusterless
finish.

Flatwork-Commonwordfor concretefloors,driveways,basements,andsidewalks.

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Floating-Thenext-to-last stageinconcretework,when yousmoothoff thejobandbringwater tothe
surfacebyusingahandfloat or bullfloat.

Floatingwall-Anon-bearingwall built onaconcretefloor.It isconstructedsothat thebottomtwo
horizontalplatescancompressor pullapart if theconcretefloor movesupor down.Normallybuilt on
basementsandgarageslabs.

Fluorescent lighting-Afluorescent lampisagas-filledglasstubewithaphosphur coatingontheinside.
Gasinsidethetubeisionizedbyelectricitywhichcausesthephosphur coatingtoglow. Normallywith
twopinsthat extendfromeachend.

Flue-Largepipethroughwhichfumesescapefromagaswater heater,furnace,or fireplace.Normally
thesefluepipesaredoublewalled,galvanizedsheet metalpipeandsometimesreferredtoasa“B
Vent”.Fireplacefluepipesarenormallytriplewalled.Inaddition,nothingcombustibleshall bewithin
oneinchfromthefluepipe.

Fluecollar-Roundmetal ringwhichfitsaroundtheheat fluepipeafter thepipepassesout of theroof.

Fluedamper-Anautomaticdoor locatedin thefluethat closesit off whentheburner turnsoff;purpose
istoreduceheat lossupthefluefromthestill-warmfurnaceor boiler.

Fluelining-2-foot lengths,fireclayor terra-cottapipe(roundor square)andusuallymadeinall ordinary
fluesizes.Usedfor theinner liningof chimneyswiththebrickor masonryworkdonearoundthe
outside.Flueliningsinchimneysrunsfromonefoot belowtheflueconnectiontothetopof the
chimney.

Flyrafters-Endraftersof thegableoverhangsupportedbyroof sheathingandlookouts.

Footer,footing-Continuous8?or10?thickconcretepadinstalledbeforeandsupportsthefoundation
wallor monopost.

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Forcedairheating-Acommon formof heatingwithnaturalgas,propane,oil or electricityasafuel.Air
isheated inthefurnaceanddistributedthroughaset of metalductstovariousareasof thehouse.

Form-Temporarystructureerectedtocontainconcreteduringplacingandinitial hardening.

Foundation-Thesupportingportionof astructurebelowthefirst floor construction,or belowgrade,
includingthefootings.

Foundationties-Metal wiresthat holdthefoundationwall panelsandrebar inplaceduringthe
concretepour.

Foundationwaterproofing-High-qualitybelow-grademoistureprotection.Usedfor below-grade
exterior concreteandmasonrywalldamp-proofingtosealout moistureandprevent corrosion.
Normallylookslikeblacktar.

FrameInspection-Theact of inspectingthehome’sstructuralintegrityandit’scompliancetolocal
municipalcodes.

Framer-Thecarpenter contractor that installsthelumber and erectstheframe,flooringsystem,interior
walls,backing,trusses,rafters,decking,installsallbeams,stairs,soffitsandallworkrelatedtothewood
structureof thehome.Theframerbuildsthehomeaccordingtotheblueprintsandmust complywith
local buildingcodesandregulations.

Framing-Lumberusedfor thestructuralmembersof abuilding,suchasstuds,joists,andrafters.

Frieze-Inhouseconstructionahorizontalmember connectingthetopof thesidingwiththesoffit of the
cornice.

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Frost lid-Roundmetal lidthat isinstalledonawater meter pit.

Frost line-Thedepthof frost penetration insoiland/or thedepth at whichtheearthwillfreezeand
swell.Thisdepthvariesindifferent partsof thecountry.

Furringstrips-Stripsof wood,often1X2andusedtoshimout andprovidealevelfasteningsurfacefor
awallor ceiling.

Fuse-Adeviceoftenfoundinolder homesdesignedtoprevent overloadsinelectrical lines.Thisprotects
against fire.Seealso’circuit breakers’.

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