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Fineness Modulous

# Fineness Modulous

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07/21/2013

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# TEST REPORT (FM OF FINE AGGREGATE) {Refer IS 383 - 1970} Intro 1.

The aggregates are the materials which provide strength and bulk of mass to the concrete when bounded by the cementing material. To provide for a strong concrete, the bonding should be complete and the aggregate should be well graded so that there are minimum pores left in it. Fineness Modulus (FM) is an index number for determining the average size of the particles in the aggregate. Theory 2. FM is roughly proportional to the average size of the particle in the aggregate. Coarser the aggregate, higher the FM and vice-versa. This is determined by adding cumulative percentage of material coarser than each of the following test sieves and divided by 100:80 mm, 40 mm, 20 mm, 10 mm, 4.75 mm, 2.36 mm, 600 M, 300 M, 150 M 3. Sand is classified as fine, medium and coarse on the basis of FM as follows:(a) (b) (c) (d) Fine Sand Medium Sand Coarse Sand 2.20 to 2.6 2.60 to 2.90 2.90 to 3.20

FM of coarse aggregate is always more than 5.

4. For concreting, the FM of the coarse aggregate should be about 6 and that of the fine aggregate should be approx 2.60. 5. For fine aggregate, 4.75 mm, 2.36 mm, 600 M, 300 M and 150 M I.S. sieves are used. The material retained on each sieve is compared with the standard limits and a graph is plotted in percentage passing and particle size. From the graph various parameters such as effective size, uniformity coefficient and coefficient of curvature is calculated. These can also be calculated without the graph with following formulae:Effective Size = D10 Uniformity Coefficient= D60/D10 Coefficient of Curvature = D30 / (D10 x D60)

36 mm 1.84 % 3.03 Cumulative % of Wt Passing 97.} Procedure 6.18 mm 600 M 300 M 150 M Percentage limit by Wt Passing Zone wise Zone I Zone II Zone III 100 % 100 % 100 % 90-100 % 90-100 % 90-100 % 60-95 % 75-100 % 85-100 % 30-70 % 55-90 % 75-100 % 15-34 % 35-59 % 60-79 % 5-20 % 8-30 % 12-40 % 0-10 0-10 0-10 .36 mm 1.67 Total Cumulative % Retained 2.27 % 9.16 % 13.16 % 96.43 % 23.03 % 90.19% 4. The outer dry layer was removed and representative samples of the damp sand were taken from top of the pile and the sides from five different places.97% 9.23 % 3.1 % 35.57 % 76.7 % 9.61 % - Zone Wise Percentage Limit of Particles Passing (Table – 2) IS Sieve 10 mm 4.23 % 68. The sample of fine aggregate piled at the Batching Plant was tested for FM. 30% and 60% particles are finer than this size.97 % 6. D30 and D60 are the size of the particles such that 10%.84 % 86. Wt of Sample Taken: 3000 gms Table-1 Sieve No 10 mm 4.75 mm 2.39 % 245.75 mm 2.13 % 32. Sample tested was obtained by quartering the field sample to get a representative portion. Observations and Test Results 8. 7.93 % 28.77 % 31. One kg of the representative sample was subjected to the test by sieving it manually through a set of sieves.87 % 67.18 mm 600 M 300 M 150 M Pan Wt Retained (gms) 89 183 128 292 273 1078 847 110 % Wt Retained 2.{D10.

16 mm Uniformity Coefficient (Cu) = 2. The FM of the sampled sand is 2.36 and 4. Followings are observed on analysis of results.45 Effective Size (D10) = 0. The sampled sand is Gap Graded with effective size of the particles being 0.75 mm. Fineness Modulus = 245.6.8 be mixed thoroughly with the sampled sand 50% by Wt so as to achieve desired FM of 2. Majority of particles lie between sizes 600 M and 150 M.5 Coefficient of Curvature (Cc) = 1. (b) .383-2000. It is recommended that:(a) The Sampled sand be discarded as it is not suitable for concreting as per IS.23 Analysis of the Test Result 10.16 mm There are only 10 % particles of sizes between 2. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) The Sand lies in Zone III (Refer Table 2).45 (Acceptable limit 2.03/100 = 2. (OR) Coarser sand of FM 2. Recommendations 12.9.6).

Name of the Owner : ---Source of the Supply : Sand Bay at Batching Plant Date of Sample taking : ---Approx Qty available : 10000 gm Sample taken by: Er----Sample Taken in the presence of (Contractor’s Representative): ------ ----------------------(Sig of Consultant) . 5. 4. 2. 6.______________________________________________________________________ DETAILS OF THE SAMPLE 1. 3.

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