The 2007-2008 Outline in CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

By Dean Mariano F. Magsalin Jr.

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
Concept and Origin of the Bill of Rights Classification 1. Civil Rights 2. Political Rights 3. Social and Economic Rights Doctrine of Preferred Freedom (Hierarchy of Rights) PBM Employees Org. vs. PBM Co., Inc., 51 SCRA 189 (1973) The Fundamental Powers of the State Similarities, Differences & Limitations

POLICE POWER
Definition, Scope & Basis Characteristics Who exercises said power? Tests of Police Power Laws: Balacuit v. CFI, G.R. No. L-38429, June 30, 1988 Lozano vs. Matinez, 146 SCRA 323 (1986) Del Rosario vs. Bengzon, 180 SCRA 521 (1989) Tablarin vs. Judge Gutierrez, 152 SCRA 730 (1987) Zoning and Regulatory Ordinances: Ermita-Malate Hotel & Motel Operators v. City Mayor, 20 SCRA 849 (1967) Cruz vs. Paras, 123 SCRA 569 (1983) Velasco vs. Villegas, 120 SCRA 568 (1983) Magtajas vs. Pryce Properties, 234 SCRA 255 (1994) Tano v. Socrates, G.R. 110249, August 27, 1997 City of Manila v. Judge Laguio, G.R. No. 118127, April 12, 2005 Administrative Rules and Regulations Bautista vs. Junio, 127 SCRA 329 (1984) Taxicab Operators of Metro Manila vs. BOT, 119 SCRA 597 (1982) Mirasol v. DPWH, G.R. No. 158793, June 8, 2006 Anglo-Fil Trading vs. Lazaro, 124 SCRA 494 (1983) PPA v. Cipres Stevedoring, G.R. No. 145742, July 14, 2005 Chavez v. Romulo, G.R. No. 157036. June 9, 2004

EMINENT DOMAIN
Definition Who exercises the power? City of Manila vs. Chinese Cemetery of Manila, 40 Phil 349 (1919) Moday v. Court of Appeals, 268 SCRA 368 (1997) Constitutional limitation - Art. II, Sec. 9 Distinguished from destruction due to necessity Objects of Expropriation RP. v. PLDT, 26 SCRA 620 (1969) Where Expropriation Suit is Filed Barangay San Roque v. Heirs of Pastor, GR 138896 June 20, 2000 Taking Definition and scope Requisites of Taking Republic vs. Castelvi, 58 SCRA 336 (1974) City Govt. of Quezon City vs. Ericta, 122 SCRA 759 (1983) Deprivation of Use Republic vs. Fajardo , 104 Phil.443 (1958)

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No. G. June 19. Spouses Dedamo. G. 177 SCRA 27 (1989) 2 .R. 2004 JIL v. Judge Caspillo. 2004 Recovery of Expropriated Land ATO v.R. G. 114 (1959) Zamboanga del Norte vs. May 07. G.R. Makasiar. Reyes. 2006 Legal Interest for Expropriation Cases NPC v. 170846. 2006 Just Compensation Defined Eslaban v. G. No. Algue.R. CA. October 13. No. 206 SCRA 196 (1992) NPC v. G.S. v. No. 249 SCRA 149 (1995) Trial with Commissioners Meralco v. Francisco. of Pasig. 152230.R. Comelec. 1990 NAPOCOR v. G. 125 SCRA 220 (1983) Sumulong vs.. September 26. September 27. G. Guerrero.R.R. 50147 August 3. 155746. 87351. Bautista. 166429.. No. et al. De la Cruz. XII. 244 SCRA 272 (1995) Priority in Expropriation Filstream International v. Angas. XIII. PEZA.Napocor vs. Henson. IAC. 142 971. December 29. G. Sec. G. 2007 City of Cebu v. G. 252 SCRA 412 (1996) Estate of Jimenez v. G. Judge Legaspi. G. 2005 Genuine Necessity Mun. Inc. June. 2001 Lagcao v. 193 SCRA 1 (1991) Napocor v. 284 SCRA 716 (1998) City of Mandaluyong v. May 21. XIII. Sps.R.R. G. City of Zamboanga. January 16. No. IAC. Causby. De Knecht. 18 Art. No.R. Tiangco. Judge Labra. G. 222 SCRA 170 (1993) Manosca v.R. Tantuico. June 29.R. G. 2005 Public use Heirs of Juancho Ardona vs. 158 SCRA 9 (1988) Commissioner vs. No. Pineda. 1990 Determination of Just Compensation EPZA vs. Landed Estates and Municipal Property Art.R. Sec.R. 146733. 142304. 328 U. G. 136349. 208 SCRA 542 (1992) Wycoco v. 149 SCRA 305 (1987) When Determined Ansaldo vs. 137285. Nawasa. 106 Phil.of Small Landowners v. 1990 De la Paz Masikip v. February 2. San Pedro. June 28. 2002 Manner of Payment Assoc. Court of Appeals. DAR. Oscar Serrano. 30 2005 Republic v. No. No. 2006 U. 2001 Republic v. 4 Art.R. 156093. Lim. 146062. Heirs of Isidro Guivelondo. 2004 Writ of Possession City of Manila v. August 9. Gingoyon. June 20. 22 SCRA 1334 (1968) TAXATION Definition and Nature Purpose CIR vs.R. February 6. No. 161656. CA. December 19.R. 256 (1946) PPI v.R. No. G. Dulay. G. 157 SCRA 640 (1988) De Knecht vs. 2003 NPC & Pobre v. 1998 Napocor v.R. of Meycayauan vs. Mun. 137152. 154 SCRA 461 (1987) Province of Camarines Sur vs.S. No. 129998. No. 2005 Expropriation of Utilities. No. Republic. G. January 29. 2001 RP vs.R. 155605. 154411. 100 SCRA 660 (1980) Republic vs. 2007 Leca Realty v.R. 2001 Government Withdrawal NHA v. 158563. January 23. January 13. G. February 12. CA.R. 106804. No. G. CA. August 12. Gutierrez. 71176. 175 SCRA 343 (1989) DAR v. No. De Onorio. 170945. Gopuco. 9 City of Baguio vs. Sec.

G. RTJ-02-1674. 333 (1966) Webb v.S. No. 268 SCRA 332 (1997) Prejudicial Publicity Sheppard v. vs. 2001 Notice and Hearing: Summary Dismissal Board v. 2006 Ong v. May 3. November 19. Torres.R. January 15. 147096. 33 Phil. June 30. I Art. No. California. Estrada G. vs. Municipal Board of Manila. 86 SCRA 275 (1978) Rubi vs. Inc. 51 Phil. 161 SCRA 232 (1988) Administrative Due Process 3 . No. Galang. VI Sec.S. 2005 Procedural Due Process Publication Requirement Tanada v. 384 U.Scope (The power to tax is the power to destroy) Who exercises the power? Art. January 22. 139466. G. 352 (1927) Lladoc vs. 4 (3) Art. October 18. Sanchez. 8 SCRA 244 (1963) Var Orient Shipping Co. 107 SCRA 104 (1981) Abra Valley College vs. De la Cruz.R. 262 SCRA 452 (1996) Tabuena v. Sec. CIR. No. Court of Appeals. 2001 David v. 14 SCRA 292 (1965) Province of Abra vs. 148560. 2002 Impartial Court or Tribunal Tanada vs. G. 101 Phil.R. 1957 DUE PROCESS Art. Torcita.R. 273 U. 263 SCRA 421 (1996) Republic v. De Leon. Sec. No. G. G. 292 SCRA 141. Ohio. 5 Tax Exemptions YMCA vs. Tuvera. 141 SCRA 307 (1986) Anzaldo vs. August 12. Court of Appeals. 159190. 14 (1) Definition. G. 110 U. 28 Art.R.R.R. A. People. August 30. 247 SCRA 652 (1995) People v. Clave . Aquino . and Property Substantive Due Process Villegas vs. 39 Phil. 2004 Exceptions to notice and hearing requirements Philcomsat vs. Sandiganbayan.S.R. Sec. 121039.R. Nature and Scope Purpose of the guaranty Hurtado v. 146 SCRA 446 (1986) PITC v. Achacoso. 119 SCRA 353 (1982) Tejano v. Ombudsman. 162 SCRA 106 (1988) American Bible Society vs. III. Liberty. Board of Mindoro. Municipal Board. 180 SCRA 218 (1989) Suntay vs. 2000 Lim v. G. Alcuaz. Provincial Board. 516 (1884) Meaning of Life. CIR. 10448. Sec. Sandiganbayayn. G. 510 (1997) People v. Arroyo. September 22. Hernando. 2005 Tumey vs. 130487 June 19. 114944. XIV. Lantion. No. PAEC.46 (1954) License Fees Physical Therapy Org. G. June 21. G. Extelcom. Vasquez. 330 SCRA 153 (2000) Secretary of Justice v. September 16. Prov. Maxwell.R. III.. 2001 Marohombsar v. G. No. 126858. X. 833 (1957) De Bisshop vs. 660 (1919) Void for Vagueness/Overbreadth Ople v. 95 Phil. Sandiganbayan. October 17. 171390. 386 (1957) Double Taxation Punzalan vs. 2006 Roxas v. (1998) Estrada v. Angeles. 2000 People vs. 217 (1916) Bishop of Nueva Segovia vs.R. Hu Chong Tsai Pao Ho. 170288. 111397. City of Manila.M.R. 101 Phil. Judge Adiong. No. 2002 Opportunity to be Heard Budiongan v.

May 30. SEARCHES AND SEIZURES Art. No. 157279. IAC. 89317. Esteban. CA. Sec. Sec. 85 Phil. Association of Service Exporters vs.R. April 21. 11 SCRA 317 (1964) Ateneo vs. 142030. BSP. December 4. III. 143076. G. G. CIR. 1990 EQUAL PROTECTION Political. 104 SCRA 17 (1981) PJA vs. II.. 10 (protection of candidates) Art. Sec. Prado. CA. August 9. G. 26 (public service) Art. G. 11 (free access to the courts) Art. v. Dec. Sandiganbayan. 15. June 1. 154 SCRA 142 (1987) Sangalang vs. 69 Phil. IX-C. COMELEC. 161 SCRA 7 (1988) Non vs.R. 68 (1953) Zoning and Regulatory Ordinances Villanueva vs. 515 (1956) People vs. II. No. 207 SCRA 748 (1992) Tax Exemptions Meralco v. Sec. Sec. Hon.Ang Tibay vs. 2000 Administrative Regulations Tiro vs. Sec. 248 SCRA 700 (1995) Tiu v. Province of Laguna. PSBA. 111 SCRA 433 (1982) Gallardo v. Torres.R. No.R. XII.R.. 2003 Beltran v. 128845. No. 648 (1950) Chavez v. 125 SCRA 697 (1983) Rental Laws Caleon vs. XIII. Sec. 130716. 2004 PNB v. II.R. 2005 Unido vs. 306 SCRA 750 (1999) ARRESTS. 77 SCRA 321 (1977) Meralco vs. 168 SCRA 634 (1988) Ortigas & Co.. Agus Development Corp. 127410. People. 2000 PHILRECA vs. 145 SCRA 100 (1986) Alcuaz vs.R. 3 (protection to labor) Art. G. Court of Appeals. 1999 Coconut Oil Refiners v. v. Sec. Sec. 2005 THE NON-IMPAIRMENT CLAUSE Art. VIII. June 10. December 9.R. Sandiganbayan. Castaneda. January 20. G. 5(5) (legal aid to poor) Art. 14 (equality of women and men) Sexual Discrimination Phil. Hontanosas. G. 93 Phil.R. 2 and 3 Purpose and Importance of the guaranty 4 . 148208. Isinain. 126102. 2 (reservation of marine resources) Art. 133640. No. 1 and 2 (social justice) Id. Secretary of Health. 2005 ISAE v. G. G. 227 SCRA 703 (1993) Olivarez v. 1998 Nunez vs. July 29. Araneta University Foundation. PSC.R. Drilon.R. Hernandez. G. 10 (nationalization of business) Id. 99 Phil. November 25. PCGG. 132527. No. Sec. No. III. 2. Palma. par. 163 SCRA 386 (1988) Administration of Justice People vs. 10 Purpose When impairment occurs When allowed Emergency Powers Rutter vs. Economic and Social Equality Art. G. 635 (1940) Montemayor vs. DILG. 2005 Public Policy Central Bank Employees Assoc. Sec. Quisumbing. Dames.

R. 2004 Examination of witnesses Pasion Vda. January 21. Guiani. September 26.R. Cruz Pano. Sec. de la Cruz. 68 SCRA 320 (1975) Caballes v. 198 SCRA 401 (1991) Espano v. 133917. Tudtud. 20 SCRA 383 (1967) Zurcher vs. G. 285 SCRA 679 (1998) People vs. Ramos. Asis. 141. 65 Phil 68 (1938) Yee Sue Kuy vs. 85401-02. Ruiz. 142295. 133254. 184 SCRA 220 (1990) People v.R.R. Diokno. 155 SCRA 486 (1987) Prudente vs. Damaso. 3. June 28. Drilon. 177 SCRA 755 (1989) 20th Century Fox Film Corp. Estrella. Rules of Court (ROC) Unilab v. September 4. California. 328 SCRA 592 (2000) People vs. April 18. People G. Nos.R. Fiscal Zabala.. No.R. 752 (1964) People vs. 33 (1937) Mata vs. 2001 Del Rosario v. 136860. 436 U. 1991 Pita vs. 37 SCRA 323 (1971) Stonehill v. 2006 Nolasco vs.. S.R. 2003 Incident to lawful arrest Rule 126. Malmstedt. January 5. Andre Marti. Almeda.2001). Bayona .126859. October 15. Stanford Daily. 193 SCRA 57 (1991) Who May Invoke the Right? Bache and Co. May 31. 307 SCRA 253) (1999) Yousef Al Ghoul vs. 2001 Partially Valid Warrant People v. January 20. February 19. 1990 People v. Omaweng. S. 196 SCRA 645 (1991) People v. 212 SCRA 457 (1992) Lopez vs. G. Barros. 1997. al. 83988. 395 U. 76 Phil 637 (1946) To Whom Directed People vs.R. al. 1990 People v.. v. et al. Libnao.A. 133 SCRA 800 (1984) Chandler v. 153 SCRA 367 (1987) Paderanga vs. Salanguit. No. Layague. vs. Molina. G. April 15.R. September 13. 96080. 210 SCRA 97 (1992) People vs. Isip. April 19. G. People. CA. Coll. June 4.R. 64 Phil. Layne. 136292. Tangliben. G. 2005 Warrantless searches Valid Waiver People vs. G. 132 SCRA 152 (1985) PICOP v. 138539-40. Section 13. Maxicorp. 326 SCRA 1 (2000) People v. et. 288 SCRA 558 (1998) People vs. Asuncion. Kalubiran. Mamaril. Miller. Of Customs. 2003 5 . No.Alvero v. 2003 People vs. No. Choi. Che Chun Ting. G. G. G. 140946. CFI. G. 2002 People vs.R. Court of Appeals. 308 SCRA 432) (1999) People v. August 3. 152950. No. 1999 Conditions for a valid warrant Existence of Probable Cause Burgos vs. G. vs. G. 142531. 128 SCRA 388 (1984) Particularity of description Olaes vs. G. 2004 Personal determination by judge Sta. GR No.R. 163858. Dizon. May 24. vs. 164 SCRA 655 (1988) People v. No. (1940) Alvarez vs. Chief of Staff.. 2002 People vs. 2001 Microsoft Corp. Chua Ho San. Comm. 178 SCRA 362 (1987) Abdula v. G. D-96-126 People v.R. C. 98-0083..R.R. No. Locsin. January 22. 213 SCRA 462 (1992) People v. 144037. De Garcia vs.. No. 70 Phil. 547 (1978) Wilson v. 231 SCRA 557 (1994) Veroy vs. et. 180 SCRA 69 (1989) Chia vs. Rules of Court Chimel vs. Court of Appeals. Objects of Seizure Rule 126. CA. Rosa Mining Co. April 18. 147607. Correa. of Customs. Judge Dayrit.

. G. De Villa vs. 129296. 124442. No. 222 SCRA 586 (1993) Lack of Urgency People v. 113447. March 14. Plana G. March 28. 217 SCRA 597 (1993) Padilla v. 5 Art. May 4. 275 SCRA 357 (1997) People v. CFI of Rizal. 163 SCRA 402 (1988) Effect of Bail Rule 114. 136267. Johnson. 139301. 2001 Marked Money People vs. July 20. 101 SCRA 86 (1980) Salvador v. G. 1997 Malacat v. Gerente. 128285. 219 SCRA 756 (1993) People v. 123980. 387 U. Revised Penal Code Rebellion as Continuing Offense Umil vs. 132671.S. No. G. 321 [1987]} People v. 267 SCRA 785 (1997) People v. 2001 6 . Musa. 206 SCRA 586 (1992) People v. 2000 Arizona v. Ohio. No.R. Calimlim. G. Baula. G. 2004 Enforcement of fishing. 1990 Committed in the Presence of Police Officers People v. Aminnudin. 95-5841. 81567. Pasudag. 2001 Validity of Conviction People v.R. May 24. Comelec.R. 262 SCRA 255 (1996) Manalili v. 141137. No. August 30. 2003 “Stop and frisk” Terry vs. January 10. 2001 People v. Municipal Court. 283 SCRA 159 (1997) Florida v. 195 SCRA 388 (1991) People v.R. R. 523 (1967) Warrantless arrests Rule 113. No. September 29. Gatward.R. 65 SCRA 320 (1975) People v. 1996 Emergency circumstances People vs. 138881. 2000 People v. Ramos. Area. 2001 People vs. Enrile.R. G. J. 2004 Inspection of buildings Camara vs.Plain view doctrine People v. Court of Appeals. 237 SCRA 424 (1994) People v. Valdez. 83988. 205 SCRA 791 (1992) Go vs. 2005 Whren v. September 25. October 7.R. G. October 23. No. No. No.R. G. G. 392 US 1 (1968) People v. G. 269 SCRA 402 (1997) People v. United States. Suzuki. January 20. Vinecario.R. De Gracia 233 SCRA 716 (1994) Checkpoints Gen. Sec. Solayao. 2001 Time of Arrest People vs. No. Sinoc.R. Compacion. 128822. Court of Appeals. April 10. 120670. customs and immigration laws Roldan vs. December 18. No.R. Rodrigueza. No. G. G. Sucro. 1990 Aniag vs. 323 SCRA 754 (2000) People v. 2000 People vs. People. No.R. Valmonte G. 113269. CA.R. 125.R. 116001. 480 U. November 15. G.L. November 27. July 15. 22 SCRA 857 (1968) People vs. No. Usana. Luisito Go. Cubcubin. Conde. G. 146706. No. Hicks. S. 98-1993.R. Huang Zhen Hua. No. July 10. 2001 Personal Knowledge of the Offense People vs. Mago. 2000 Search of moving vehicles Papa vs. Court of Appeals.R. Section 26 Effect of Entry of Plea People v. G. July 9.

A. December 8. 2004 People v. 1999 People vs. G.R. 267 SCRA 608 (1997) People v. IAC. No. 1995 Privileged Communications In Re Laureta. Barasina. 2004 Counsel of Choice People vs. 93833. 1999 Liability for damages Aberca vs. U. knowing & intelligent waiver) People vs. Albofera. 1998 People v. Mahinay.S. G. 160792. G.R. G. Uy.R. No.S. 388 U. G. 2000 People vs. No. et al. 1973 not applicable Magtoto vs. 218 (1967) People v. 292 and 299. July 23. September 17.Cruz. 389 U. Del Rosario G. No. 232 SCRA 566 (1994) People v. 136253. 113271. Bolanos. 2001 People v. 117401. Samus. 138934. 2005 Police Lineup Gamboa vs. NLRC.R. 175 SCRA 216 (1989) Office of the Court Administrator v.R. Tomaquin. Judge Ayson.R. R. 347 (1967) Ramirez vs. 229 SCRA 450 (1994) 7 . October 16. 211 SCRA 262 (1992) Rhode Island v. 2005 RIGHTS OF PERSONS UNDER CUSTODIAL INVESTIGATION Art.R. Escordial.. Court of Apeals. No. Caguioa.R. 271 SCRA 316 (1997) People v. 113684. 135957-58. 95 SCRA 2 (1980) People vs. 25. Januario.A.R. Wade. December 5. GR. Revised Penal Code. 291. 145 SCRA 113 (1986) Katz vs.R. Rondero.S. 4200 (Anti-Wire Tapping Law) (1965) Arts. 131923. G. Sayaboc. Lugod. 63 SCRA 4 (1975) Rule under the 1973 Constitution (Voluntary.R. Cabuay. 148 SCRA 382 (1987) People vs. No. 436 (1966) Custodial Investigation People v. 3(2) Silverthorne Lumber vs. Gallardo.R. G. 120915. 147201. 291. G.R. 446 U. No. 12793. September 28. III. 1999 People v. US. Galit. April 3.. January 15. G. G.R. Quidato. 290. 152 SCRA 123 (1987) Zulueta v. G.PRIVACY OF COMMUNICATION & CORRESPONDENCE R. Bagnate. III. Jan. Bandula. 235 SCRA 111 (1994) Alejano v. Piedad. 251 US 385 (1920) People v. Aruta. Godinez.R.Manguera. April 14. January 16. Labtan. 253 SCRA 699 (1996) Deano v. G. [1980] People v. 90 SCRA 624 (1980) People v. 127755. 125687. August 25. 2002 Cases before January 17. 133138. 12 Miranda vs. 162 SCRA 642 (1988) United States v. Tampus. 2002 People v. 160 SCRA 590 (1989) Salcedo-Ortanez v. No. 1997 Exclusionary Rule Art. G. No. No. 133685-86 May 20. 2004 The Galit Rule People vs. 2002 People vs. October 1. G. Arizona . 157399. November 17. CA. 1998 People v. 384 US . 135 SCRA 465 (1985) Rule under the 1987 Constitution Requirement of Competent & Independent Counsel People vs. Gaanan vs. December 9. CA. Sec. Ver. Sec . Sumilang. 12 SCRA 483 (1964) Waterhouse Drug Corporation v. Innis. G. 302 SCRA 455 (1999) Administrative Investigations People vs. February 21.

Rovira. 2001 Re-enactment People v. Villaluz. 9 Villasenor vs. 292 (1990) People v. 14 & 15 When right may be invoked Herras Teehankee vs. 41 SCRA 1 (1971) Almeda vs. December 15. Court of Appeals. November 27. January 20. RTJ-97-1387. A. 13 Bail Defined Rule 114. 256 SCRA 182 (1996) Marcelo v. 302 SCRA 102 (1999) People v. 11. January 16. 168694. New York. Judge Puruganan. September 26. 147786. September 20. G. MTJ-01-369. No.r. Luvendino. Alicando 251 SCRA 293 (1995) Harris vs. 21 SCRA 312 (1967) De la Camara vs. Castro. No.R.Counsel’s presence required in entire proceedings People v. Enage. 104 S.R.R. Salazar. GR. (1995). A. Judge Catral. June 29. Sec. February 21. G. No. Drilon. G. G. 2000 Bail and Habeas Corpus Enrile vs. 186 SCRA 217 (1990) People vs. 133026. G. G.R.M. CA. G. Judge Donato. Bongolan. 66 SCRA 38 (1975) Yap v. G. 1997 Lavides v.R. 2004 Other Confessions People v. 142 SCRA 149 (1980) 8 . 135045. 12 (3) Fruit of the Poisonous Tree Doctrine People v.M. 1999 People v. G. 148571. 2001 People vs. 136253. 2000 Government v. 129295. No. 269 SCRA 95 (1997) People v. A. 2002 Procedure for bail Paderanga v. 2006 People v. Endino. III. Go v.R.R. July 26. 634 (1945) People vs. 496 U. 223 SCRA 619 (1993) Maguddatu v. February 23. No.S. ROC Kinds of Bail Rule 114. Gako. 170470. CA. U. 222 (1971) New York vs. 425 SCRA 79 (2004) Bail and the Right to Travel Abroad Manotoc vs.R. 401 U. 2006 Confession to Newsmen People v. 247 SCRA 741. 198 SCRA 130 (1991) Bail on appeal People vs. Macabalang. Malngan. Abano. San Diego. Section 1. February 1. February 20. Fortes. Sec. No. Sec. 26 SCRA 522 (1968) Cortes v. 2001 Cabañero v. Sections 10. 114350. G. Court of Appeals.R. G. September 10. No. Wong Chuen Ming. G. 2001 Seized Articles People v. 211 SCRA 36 (1992) Exclusionary rule Art. 274 SCRA 115 (1997) People v. Perkins. 99-1464.R. 2626 (1984) RIGHT TO BAIL Art. 141529. 1997 Standards for fixing bail Rule 114. Morial. Court of Appeals. III. Cañon. No. June 6.R. Lugod. 270 SCRA 432 (1997) Illinois v. December 17. Sandiganbayan. August 15. 139599. 132154. Quarles. 129670. 75 Phil.M.S. 2001 Victory Liner v. Belosillo. Gomez. Guillermo. Ordono. 2000 Obosa v. 2000 People vs. Andan. G.R.

650 (1924) Dacanay vs. July 31.R. No. 2001 People v. Alcalde. 2004 Right to Lawyer of Choice People vs. 139180. Flores Jr. 1999 People v. September 24. No.R. 128823-24. G.R. III. Baluyot. Martos.R. 42 SCRA 59 (1971) Order of Trial Alejandro vs. G. 1994 Right to be heard personally or by counsel Importance of Counsel People vs. Alcaide. 2002 People vs. 1998 People v. 134583. Sec.. People. 2004 Right to speedy. 85 Phil. People. Dy. Lozano. Holgado. May 30. Malunsing. 2003 People vs. impartial and public trial Speedy trial Acevedo vs. No. May 20. Rivera. No. CA. G. G. G. February 5.R. 240 SCRA 490 (1995) People v. May 29. July 14. 96 SCRA 322 (1988)(modified by Rule 119 Sec. February 26. Sarmiento. September 13. Judge Laya. 75 SCRA 148 (1977) People vs. 145 SCRA 357 (1986) Improvident Plea of guilt People vs. Dramayo. 14 Presumption of Innocence Proof beyond reasonable doubt People vs.R. 2002 Sufficiency of the Information People v. Mendoza.R. July 11. No. G. 124342. Sadiosa. 2002 People v. 752 (1950) Delgado vs. 92 Phil. No. Cachapero. 115236.R. 2005 Deprivation of Right to be Heard Moslares v. People. Ladrillo. 211 SCRA 805 (1992) Equipoise Rule Corpuz vs. Valdesancho. G.RIGHTS OF AN ACCUSED Art. 153008. 139225-28.R 125080.R. No. January 29. G. Murillo. 1991 Official Duty People vs. Ostia. 1998 People v. Pepito. 2001 9 . 194 SCRA 73 (1991) Dizon Paminatuan v. Rivera. 45 Phil. 131804. 161 SCRA 327 (1988) Conde vs. G. May 29. 124 SCRA 69 (1983) People v. 63 SCRA 493(1975) Libuit v. 137051. GR. 122764. 36 SCRA 247 (1970) People vs. No. No. G. Nos. 2004 People v. 139225. G.R. 154363. G. Mingoa. 857 (1953) Applicability to Juridical Persons Feeder Int’l Line vs. Besonia. 291 SCRA 440 (1998) Right to be informed of nature and cause of accusation Lack of Arraignment Borja vs. 2002 People v. CA CR 94262 May 31. December 27. December 8. 95 SCRA 392 (1980) People vs. Magsi.R. CA. 151284-85. G. 3 (e) Presumption of Guilt Dumlao vs.R. September 25. People. Comelec. 290 SCRA 82 (1998) People v. 77 SCRA 422 (1977) People v. Perez.

166606. 553 (1983) Schemerber v. XIII. October 17. 140863. GR. 125687. 145 (1912) United States vs. 37 Phil. Javier. Sandiganbayan. 133025. 2000. 41 Phil. 2006 When presence of the accused is a duty: Arraignment and plea Rule 116. 161 U. 12 (3) Effect of denial of privilege by court Chavez vs.R. 36 Phil. February 17. 174 SCRA 204 (1989) Right to be present during trial Trial in absentia Rule 115. 10 Phil. Walker. Sec. De Luna. No. Castillo. No. 64 Phil. Transactional Immunity. Domingo. In what proceedings available Pascual vs. Court of Appeals. How. 2005 Domondon v. 273 U. Court of Appeals. 2005 Public trial Garcia vs. Tranca. 459 U. No. California. Garcia. 485 (1937) Beltran v. Section 8 Galman vs. Rondero. 86 Phil.S. 17 Scope covers compulsory testimonial incrimination United States vs. No. Board of Medical Examiners.R. G. No. G. 165996. 570 (1929) People vs. 244 (1950) Villaflor vs.S. III. 2001 Impartial trial Tumey vs. Salas. Ohio. Estrada. 28 SCRA 344 (1969) Galman vs. Samson. Neville. 138 SCRA 274 (1985) Brown v. 757 (1966) People v. No. November 29.A. G. Pamaran. Art. 883 (1938) People vs. II. August 31. 591 Exclusionary rule Art. September 27. Military Commission No. 18 (8) R. 52 SCRA 143 (1970) Perez v. June 29. Otadura. Pamaran. v. 24 SCRA 663 (1968) 10 . G. Ong Siu Hong. Tan Teh.S. 54 Phil. Gallarde. Summers.S. G.R. G. 143 SCRA 163 (1986) Promulgation of sentence Rule 120. 53 Phil. 140285. 1 (b) During trial for identification Aquino vs. 62 (1920) Bermudez vs. 6 Exception: Light offenses PRIVILEGE AGAINST SELF-INCRIMINATION Art. 735 (1917) People vs. 384 U. 109920. 63 SCRA 546 (1975) People vs. vs. 138 SCRA 274 (1985) Use Immunity v.M. 1 (c) People vs. 1999 People vs. Sandal. 235 SCRA 455 (1994) South Dakota v. Sec. 01-4-03-SC. 23 Phil. 2000 Right to confront witnesses U. Sec.R. 384 (1908) People vs. No. August 22.R. Sec. December 9.R.Solar Team Entertainment v.S. 510 (1927) Soriano vs Angeles. 449 (1918) Right to secure attendance of witnesses U. No. 2000 Valencia v.S. No. A. Sec. Sandiganbayan. Sec. 1379.

Ferrer. G. No.S. Sec. Sandiganbayan. Sandiganbayan . 1999 Argel v. Judge Roxas. Sandiganbayan.R. 2004 PUNISHMENTS Excessive fines and cruel. 22 Kay Villegas Kami. Sec. Dela Cruz. 2005 Heirs of Rillorta vs. 115 SCRA 586 (1982) People vs. 2001 11 . VII. 20 Sura vs. 221 SCRA 560 (1993) Tupaz v.R. Sec. 329 U. degrading and inhuman punishments People vs. 304 (2002) The death penalty Echegaray v. VIII. III. 85 Phil. 906 (1953) People vs.S. III. 7 Rule 120. Gatmaitan. 2001 Dimayacyac v. Ulep. 17 Duterte v. 235 SCRA 341 (1994) Double Jeopardy Art. Sec. May 28. November 22. Exceptions Melo vs. G. October 1. Wainwright. Borja.R. Martin. Sec. 154037. 2004 Bernat v. Obsania. Judge Vergara. 19 par. 15 Art. Sec. No. 23 SCRA 1249 (1968) Subsequent prosecution barred.R. G.RIGHT TO SPEEDY DISPOSITION OF CASES Art. 3 Art.M. Resweber. G. Sec. 477 U. 158018. Nitafan.R. 48 SCRA 382 (1972) People vs. III. G. August 20. IX. April 30. Dacuycuy. A. 211 SCRA 241 (1992) Wright vs.Yorac. 42 SCRA 230 (1971) (overruled) PSB v. May 20. Miraflores. 145851. 157 SCRA 518 (1988) People vs. GR. No. 399 [1986] Atkins v. No. 173 SCRA 90 (1989) Loiusiana v. 132601 January 19. Sec. 35 SCRA 429 (1970) People vs. 459 (1947) Ford v. 151912. September 26. 536 U. 136264. 92 Phil. No. People. 127777. 91 SCRA 340 (1978) People vs. Sec. 766 (1959) People vs. 207 SCRA 726 (1992) In Re: Habeas Corpus of Benjamin Vergara. 18 Aclaracion vs. Virginia. Firme. RTJ-94-1131. 64 SCRA 131 (1979) Imprisonment for debt Art. Secretary of Justice. CA. 2003 Ex post facto laws and bills of attainder Art III. No. G. No. Judge Pascua. A. Sec. 159 SCRA 70 (1988) Licaros v. 26 SCRA 286 (1969) People vs. Sandiganbayan. III. Bermoy. 289 SCRA 721 (1998) Tatad vs. 21 Rule 117. Sandiganbayan. 1999 Involuntary servitude Art.R. 5 Elements People vs.S. 16 Art.

122954 Feb 15..A. Dacuycuy. 133486. 144 SCRA 43 (1986) People vs. G. 301 SCRA 1(1999) 12 . People. Thoenen. 2000 Illusorio v. January 29. D-96-511 June 26. 1997 Miriam College v. 18 (1) Purpose United States vs. 37 Phil. Bocar. CA.R. 177 SCRA 410 (1989) Caes vs. G. 2005 Texas v. Sandiganbayan. C. 90 Phil. 133 SCRA 800 (1984) New York Times vs. 139789. Comelec. 397 (1989) Borjal v.. No. 39 Phil 778 (1919) Moncupa vs. 524 (1951) Elizalde vs. Court of Appeals. 24 SCRA 663 (1968) Gumabon vs.R. v. G. G. 2001 Balancing of Interest Test Dangerous Tendency Test Clear and Present Danger Test Zaldivar vs. Sullivan 380 US 51 (1964) Restrictions Gonzales vs. 90878. 143372. Sec. G. NIB. Libel and National Security Babst vs. No. Garcia. Sandignabayan. CA. 156 SCRA 92 (1987) Norberto Feria vs. Comelec Freedom of Expression. 2004 People v. G. No.R. No. III. Sec. Lukban. May 12. Bustos. 148 SCRA 292 (1987) Identity of Offenses People vs.Enrile. 15 Art. Chief Of Staff. 491 U. 2005 Plea of Guilt to Lesser Offense People vs. 37 SCRA 420 (1971) In re Abadilla. December 13. October 18. 157 SCRA 154 (1988) People vs.R. ACLU. 1990 Reno v. 2000 FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION Art. IAC. Sec. 147571. 4 Id. Court of Appeals. 181 SCRA 1 (1990) Military Court Proceedings Cruz vs.R. Larannaga. No. Judge Villarama. Comelec. June 14.R. 2000 ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corp. 141 SCRA 223 (1986) Lansang vs. Grospe. 154 SCRA 175 (1987) Nierras vs. 138874. COMELEC. 731 (1918) Burgos vs. 27 SCRA 835 (1969) Social Weather Station v. et al.Jurisdiction of Courts People v. Sec. 34 SCRA 116 (1970) PJI v. 179 SCRA 54 (1989) Administrative & Criminal Proceedings Icasiano vs. Director of Prisons. G. G. 170 SCRA 1 (1989) Sanidad vs. 127930 December 15.R. May 5. VII. 174 SCRA 143 (1989) Identity of Acts People vs. 209 SCRA 377(1992) Vincoy v. CFI 116 SCRA 93 (1982) Lopez vs. 42 SCRA 448 (1971) Chavez vs. 18 Villavicencio vs. G. Court of Appeals. Barrios. 156558. Johnson. Judge Santiago. COMELEC. 210 SCRA 246 (1992) PRIVILEGE OF THE WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS Art. January 28. Ponce Enrile. Cosico.S. July 21. 138 SCRA 166 (1985) Galman vs Sandiganbayan. Relova. 160 SCRA 702 (1988) Tan v.R.R. City Court. Bildner. 1990 Right to Speedy Trial Que vs. 132 SCRA 316 (1984) Espuelas vs. 2000 Chavez v. II.

AM 90-4-1545-0.I.2 Occena vs. G.S. 167798. 2006 MTRCB v.R. Dimaano. G. Movie Censorship. 155282. 2000 Bayan v. Judge Capulong. 137 SCRA 94 (1985) German vs. Sec. 27 (1968) 13 . Sotto. 127 SCRA 404 (1985) In re Edillon.R. 7 Baldoza vs. ABS-CBN. 160 SCRA 861 (1988) KMU v. 99 Phil. CA. Sec. XIII. Arkansas. 84 SCRA (1979) Rotary Int’l v. 359(1) Anti. April 17. Sec. 152 People vs. Bagatsing . 2 (5) Art. 135 SCRA 514 (1985) Acosta v CA and CSC GR 132088 Jun 28. Fugoso. June 26. 159751 December 6. Kalaw Katikbak.S. Sanchez. November 25.R. 3(3) Civil Code. Ermita. G. 71 (1948) Navarro vs. De Gonzales 92 SCRA 476 (1979) Ayer Productions vs. 69 Phil. Rotary Club. BOI. April 19. 2006 FREEDOM OF INFORMATION Art. 2004 Freedom of Expression and the Administration of Justice Cabansag vs. Gordon. 1990 Freedom of Expression. No. III.B. ACLU. supra Valmonte vs. Reyes vs. 125 SCRA 553 (1983) Ruiz vs. Sec. California. 33 U. 413 U. S. vs. (DYRE) vs.evolution laws Epperson vs. 1990 Nestle Phils. 177 SCRA 374 (1989) FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION Art. 880 (Public Assembly Act of 1985) Primicias vs. Barangan. III.R. COMELEC.Baguio Midland Courier v. Sec. 15 (1973) Fernando v. Villegas. 154 SCRA 542 (1987) In Re Atty. XIVSec. 170 SCRA 256 (1989) Legaspi vs. 537 (1987) FREEDOM OF RELIGION Art. Dans. G. Emil Jurado AM 90-5-2373 July 12. Belmonte. Ramento. 346 (1956) J. Obscenity and the Right to Privacy Gonzales vs. D-96-511 Miller v. 71 SCRA 14 (1976) Tanada vs. 137 SCRA 356 (1985) Lagunzad vs. 107566. Fernandez. Vda. 137 SCRA 247 (1985) FREEDOM OF ASSEMBLY BP Blg. 126 SCRA 233 (1983) Malabanan vs. 1997. No. 80 Phil. Tuvera. 8 Art. 2006 Radio Broadcasts Eastern Broadcasting Corp. CSC. No. Court of Appeals. G. Alarcon. January 17. No. April 25. 5 Nonstablishment Clause Operation of Secretarian schools Art. 4(2) Religions instruction in Public schools Art. XIV. 31 SCRA 730 (1970) Ignacio vs. III. 150 SCRA 530 (1987) Garcia vs. 2005 Reno v. Director General. GAUF. IX. 102 Phil. 265 (1939) In Re Ramon Tulfo. 129 SCRA 359 (1984) Arreza vs. 169848. par. 481 U.R. Ela. Art. No. Sec. 3.

No. 97 SCRA 121 (1989) Caunca vs. 370 U. 203 (1973) Stone v.S. Sec. July 9. Barnette. 319 U. 181 Phil. vs. Manglapus. Sec. Ruiz. CA. Jaffree. Kurtzman. Islamic Da’wah Counsil v. G. 64 Phil. 1993) Freedom to propagate religious doctrines American Bible Society vs. Watkins 367 U. 14 . no. 29 (2) Aglipay vs.S. 851 (1940) Manotok vs. S. Teleron .S. III.Prayer and Bible reading in public schools Engel vs. Cal Bd. 2006 Flag salute West Va Board of Education vs.R. Schempp. VI. 403 U. 374 U. Director of Health.M. Graham. 449 U. Sec. 624 (1943) Ebralinag v. Vitale. A. 86 SCRA 413 (1978) Religious Test Torcaso vs. 177 SCRA 668 (1989) Silverio vs. VI. 201 (1937) Mueller v. S. 94284 April 8. 493 U. Escritor. Elizalde Rope Workers Union . 421 (1962) Abington Schools Dist. 82 Phil. 28 (3) Public aid to religion Art. 2003 Intramural religious disputes Fonacier vs. Salazar.S. 602 [1971] Wallace v. No. P-02-1651. 472 U. June 22. 1991 Lorenzo v. 153888. CA. G. 38 [1985]). 378 (1990) Exemption from Union shop Victoriano vs. 6 Salonga vs.R.S. Division Superintendent (March 1. Allen. 417 (1955) Free Exercise Clause Estrada v. 142 SCRA 149 (1986) Marcos vs. 96 Phil. Of Equalization. 488 (1961) LIBERTY OF ABODE AND TRAVEL Art. S. 386 (1957) Swaggart Ministries v.S. 463 U. 388 (1983) Lemon v. Executive Secretary. 50 Phil 595 end. 59 SCRA 54 (1974) Disqualification for local government officials Pamil vs. Hermosa. 39 (1980) Tax exemption Art. City of Manila . CA.

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