June 2005

6666 Core C4
Mark Scheme

6666 Core C4
June 2005 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics

1
Question
Number
Scheme Marks

1. ( )
1
2
1
2
9
4 9 2 1
4
x
x
| |
− = −
|
\ ¹
B1

( ) ( )( )
2 3
3 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2 2 2
9 9 9
2 1 ...
1 4 1.2 4 1.2.3 4
x x x
| |
− − −
| | | | | |
= + − + − + − + |
| | |
|
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
\ ¹
M1

2 3
9 81 729
2 1 ...
8 128 1024
x x x
| |
= − − − +
|
\ ¹


2 3
9 81 729
2 , , ...
4 64 512
x x x = − − − + A1, A1, A1
[5]

Note The M1 is gained for
( )
( )
1 1
2
2 2
...
1.2

or
( )( )
( )
3 1 1
3
2 2 2
...
1.2.3
− −


Special Case

If the candidate reaches
2 3
9 81 729
2 1 ...
8 128 1024
x x x
| |
= − − − +
|
\ ¹
and goes no further
allow A1 A0 A0







6666 Core C4
June 2005 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics

2
Question
Number
Scheme Marks

2.

d d
2 2 2 6 0
d d
y y
x x y y
x x
| |
+ + − =
|
\ ¹
M1 (A1) A1


d
0 0
d
y
x y
x
= ⇒ + = or equivalent
M1

Eliminating either variable and solving for at least one value of x or y. M1

2 2 2
2 3 16 0 y y y − − + = or the same equation in x
2 y = ± or 2 x = ± A1
( ) ( ) 2, 2 , 2, 2 − − A1
[7]

Note:
d
d 3
y x y
x y x
+
=




Alternative

( )
2 2
3 2 16 0 y xy x − − + =


( )
2
2 16 192
6
x x
y
± +

=



( )
2
d 1 1 8
.
d 3 3 16 192
y x
x x
= ±
+


M1 A1± A1


( )
2
d 8
0 1
d 16 192
y x
x x
= ⇒ = ±
+


M1


2 2
64 16 192 x x = +

2 x = ± M1 A1
( ) ( ) 2, 2 , 2, 2 − − A1
[7]





6666 Core C4
June 2005 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics

3

Question
Number
Scheme Marks

3.
(a)
( )( )
5 3
2 3 2 2 3 2
x A B
x x x x
+
= +
− + − +



( ) ( ) 5 3 2 2 3 x A x B x + = + + −


Substituting 2 x = − or
3
2
x = and obtaining A or B; or equating coefficients and
solving a pair of simultaneous equations to obtain A or B.
M1

3, 1 A B = = A1, A1
(3)

If the cover-up rule is used, give M1 A1 for the first of A or B found, A1 for the
second.



(b)
( )( )
( ) ( )
5 3 3
d ln 2 3 ln 2
2 3 2 2
x
x x x
x x
+
= − + +
− + ∫

M1 A1ft


6
2
3
... ln9 ln 2
2
(
= +
¸ ¸
M1 A1
ln54 = cao A1 (5)
[8]









6666 Core C4
June 2005 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics

4

Question
Number
Scheme Marks

4.

( ) ( )
1 3
2 2 2 2
1 1
d cos d
1 1 sin
x
x
θ θ
θ
=
− −
∫ ∫
Use of sin x θ = and
d
cos
d
x
θ
θ
=
M1

2
1
d
cos
θ
θ
=

M1 A1

2
sec d tan θ θ θ = =

M1 A1

Using the limits 0 and
6
π
to evaluate integral M1
| |
6
0
1 3
tan
3 3
π
θ
| |

= =
|

\ ¹
cao A1
[7]

Alternative for final M1 A1

Returning to the variable x and using the limits 0 and
1
2
to evaluate integral M1


( )
1
2
2
0
1 3
3 3 1
x
x
(
| |

( = =
|

( √ √ \ ¹
¸ ¸
cao A1










6666 Core C4
June 2005 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics

5

Question
Number
Scheme Marks

5. (a)
2 2 2
1 1
2 2
e d e e d
x x x
x x x x = −
∫ ∫
Attempting parts in the right direction M1 A1

2 2
1 1
2 4
e e
x x
x = − A1


1
2 2 2
0
1 1 1 1
2 4 4 4
e e e
x x
x
(
− = +
(
¸ ¸
M1 A1
(5)
(b) 0.4 0.89022 x y = ⇒ ≈
0.8 3.96243 x y = ⇒ ≈ Both are required to 5 d.p B1
. (1)


(c) | |
1
2
0.2 ... I ≈ × × B1
( ) ... 0+7.38906+2 0.29836+.89022+1.99207+3.96243 ≈ × (
¸ ¸
M1 A1ft
ft their answers to (b)
0.1 21.67522 ≈ ×
≈ 2.168 cao A1 (4)
[10]
Note
2
1 1
4 4
e 2.097 + ≈ …





6666 Core C4
June 2005 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics

6

Question
Number
Scheme Marks

6.
(a)
2
d d
2cosec , 4sin cos
d d
x y
t t t
t t
= − = both
M1 A1


( )
3
2
d 2sin cos
2sin cos
d cosec
y t t
t t
x t

= = −
M1 A1
(4)
(b) At
4
t
π
= , 2, 1 x y = = both x and y B1

Substitutes
4
t
π
= into an attempt at
d
d
y
x
to obtain gradient
1
2
| |

|
\ ¹

M1
Equation of tangent is ( )
1
2
1 2 y x − = − − M1 A1
Accept 2 4 x y + = or any correct equivalent
(4)


(c) Uses
2 2
1 cot cosec t t + = , or equivalent, to eliminate t
M1

2
2
1
2
x
y
| |
+ =
|
\ ¹
correctly eliminates t A1

2
8
4
y
x
=
+
cao A1

The domain is 0 x … B1 (4)
[12]


An alternative in (c)


1 1
2 2
sin ; cos sin
2 2 2 2
y x x y
t t t
| | | |
= = =
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹


2
2 2
sin cos 1 1
2 4 2
y x y
t t + = ⇒ + × = M1 A1
Leading to
2
8
4
y
x
=
+
A1



6666 Core C4
June 2005 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics

7

Question
Number
Scheme Marks

7.
(a) k component 2 4 2 1 λ λ + = − ⇒ = − M1 A1
Note 2 µ =
Substituting their λ (or µ ) into equation of line and obtaining B M1

B: ( ) 2, 2, 2 − Accept vector forms A1
(4)
(b)
1 1
1 18; 1 2
4 0
| | | |
| |
− = − =
√ √
| |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹
both B1

( )
1 1
1 1 1 1 0 2
4 0
| | | |
| |
− ⋅ − = + + =
| |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹
B1


2 1
cos
3 18 2
θ = =
√ √
cao
M1 A1
(4)
(c)
2
4 18 or 18 AB AB AB = − + − ⇒ = =

i j k
uuur uuur uuur
ignore direction of vector M1

2
3 3 18 or 18 BC BC BC = − ⇒ = =

i j
uuur uuur uuur
ignore direction of vector M1
Hence AB
uuur
= BC
uuur
A1 (3)

(d) 6 2 2 OD = − + i j k
uuur
Allow first B1 for any two correct B1 B1
Accept column form or coordinates (2)
[13]




6666 Core C4
June 2005 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics

8

Question
Number
Scheme Marks

8.
(a)
d
d
V
t
is the rate of increase of volume (with respect to time)
B1

: kV − k is constant of proportionality and the negative shows decrease (or loss)
giving
d
20
d
V
kV
t
= − These Bs are to be awarded independently
B1
(2)

(b)
1
d 1d
20
V t
kV
=



separating variables
M1
( ) ( )
1
ln 20 kV t C
k
− − = + M1 A1
Using 0, 0 V t = = to evaluate the constant of integration M1

1
ln 20 c
k
= −

1 20
ln
20
t
k kV
| |
=
|

\ ¹


Obtaining answer in the form e
kt
V A B

= +
M1

20 20
e
kt
V
k k

= − Accept
( )
20
1 e
kt
k

− A1 (6)


(c)
d
20e
d
kt
V
t

= Can be implied
M1


d 1
10, 5 10 20e ln 2 0.139
d 5
kt
V
t k
t

= = ⇒ = ⇒ = ≈
M1 A1
At
75
10,
ln 2
t V = = awrt 108 M1 A1 (5)
[13]
Alternative to (b)


Using printed answer and differentiating
d
e
d
kt
V
kB
t

= −
M1
Substituting into differential equation

e 20 e
kt kt
kB kA kB
− −
− = − −
M1

20
A
k
= M1 A1
Using 0, 0 V t = = in printed answer to obtain 0 A B + = M1

20
B
k
= − A1 (6)


− 2 ) .Question Number Scheme Marks 2. ( −2.  dy  dy 2x +  2x + 2 y  − 6 y =0 dx  dx  dy =0 ⇒ x+ y =0 dx M1 (A1) A1 or equivalent M1 M1 A1 A1 Eliminating either variable and solving for at least one value of x or y. − 2 ) . y 2 − 2 y 2 − 3 y 2 + 16 = 0 or the same equation in x y = ±2 or x = ± 2 ( 2. 2 ) [7] 2 6666 Core C4 June 2005 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics . 2 ) dy x + y Note: = dx 3 y − x Alternative [7] 3 y 2 − 2 xy − ( x 2 + 16 ) = 0 6 dy 1 1 8x = ± . dx 3 3 √ (16 x 2 + 192 ) dy =0 ⇒ dx 8x =±1 2 √ (16 x + 192 ) y= 2 x ± √ (16 x 2 + 192 ) M1 A1± A1 M1 64 x 2 = 16 x 2 + 192 x=± 2 M1 A1 A1 ( 2. ( −2.

(b) M1 A1. A1 for the second.. B = 1 If the cover-up rule is used. (a) 5x + 3 A B = + ( 2 x − 3)( x + 2 ) 2 x − 3 x + 2 5 x + 3 = A ( x + 2 ) + B ( 2 x − 3) Substituting x = −2 or x = 3 and obtaining A or B. A = 3.  = 3 ln 9 + ln 2  2 2 = ln 54 M1 A1ft M1 A1 cao A1 (5) [8] 3 6666 Core C4 June 2005 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics . A1 (3) ∫ 5x + 3 3 dx = ln ( 2 x − 3 ) + ln ( x + 2 ) 2 ( 2 x − 3)( x + 2 ) 6  . or equating coefficients and 2 solving a pair of simultaneous equations to obtain A or B.. give M1 A1 for the first of A or B found.Question Number Scheme Marks 3.

Question Number Scheme Marks 4. ∫( 1 1 2 1 − x2 ) dx = = ∫( ∫ π 6 1 3 2 1 − sin 2 θ ) cos θ dθ Use of x = sin θ and dx = cos θ dθ M1 M1 A1 M1 A1 M1 1 dθ cos 2 θ = ∫ sec2 θ dθ = tan θ Using the limits 0 and to evaluate integral π 6 [ tan θ ] 0 Alternative for final M1 A1 = 1  √3 =  √3  3  cao A1 [7] Returning to the variable x and using the limits 0 and 1 2 to evaluate integral M1  2 1  √3 x   = =  2  √ (1 − x )  0 √ 3  3    1 cao A1 4 6666 Core C4 June 2005 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics .

1× 21. Both are required to 5 d.29836+.675 22 ≈ 2..890 22+1. × 0+7.962 43 )    ft their answers to (b) ≈ 0.962 43 .p B1 (1) (c) I ≈ × 0.097 … 4 4 A1 (4) [10] 5 6666 Core C4 June 2005 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics .8 ⇒ y ≈ 3.Question Number Scheme Marks 5. 1 2 ] B1 M1 A1ft ≈ ..992 07+3. (a) ∫ xe 2x dx = x e − 1 2 1 2 2x 1 2 ∫e 2x dx Attempting parts in the right direction M1 A1 A1 = x e2 x − e 2 x 1 1 2  1 2x 1 2x  2 xe − 4 e  = 4 + 4 e  0 1 1 4 M1 A1 (5) (b) x = 0..389 06+2 ( 0.2 × [ ..168 cao Note 1 1 2 + e ≈ 2.4 ⇒ y ≈ 0.890 22 x = 0.

= 4sin t cos t dt dt d y −2 sin t cos t = ( = −2sin 3 t cos t ) dx cosec 2 t At t = π . cos t = sin t =   2 2 2 2 y x2 y sin 2 t + cos 2 t = 1 ⇒ + × =1 2 4 2 8 Leading to y = 4 + x2 1 1 M1 A1 A1 6 6666 Core C4 June 2005 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics .Question Number Scheme Marks 6. x = 2. or equivalent. y = 1 4 Substitutes t = π into an attempt at 4 both M1 A1 M1 A1 (4) (b) both x and y B1 M1 M1 A1 dy  1 to obtain gradient  −  dx  2 1 ( x − 2) 2 Equation of tangent is y − 1 = − Accept x + 2 y = 4 or any correct equivalent (c) Uses 1 + cot 2 t = cosec 2 t . to eliminate t 2  x 1+   = y 2 y= 8 4 + x2 2 (4) M1 A1 A1 B1 correctly eliminates t cao The domain is x …0 (4) [12] An alternative in (c) x x  y 2  y 2 sin t =   . (a) dx dy = −2 cosec 2 t .

Question Number Scheme Marks 7. (a) k component 2 + 4λ = −2 ⇒ λ = −1 M1 A1 M1 A1 Note µ = 2 Substituting their λ (or µ ) into equation of line and obtaining B B: ( 2. 4   1    −1  = √ 2 0   both B1 1 1      −1  ⋅  −1  = 1 + 1 + 0 ( = 2 ) 4 0     2 1 cos θ = = √ 18 √ 2 3 (c) B1 cao M1 A1 uuu r uuu 2 r AB = −i + j − 4k ⇒ AB = 18 uuu r uuu 2 r BC = 3i − 3j ⇒ BC = 18 or uuu r Hence AB uuu r OD = 6i − 2 j + 2k or uuu r BC = √ 18 uuu r = BC uuu r AB = √ 18 (4) ignore direction of vector ignore direction of vector M1 M1 A1 B1 B1 (2) [13] (3) (d) Allow first B1 for any two correct Accept column form or coordinates 7 6666 Core C4 June 2005 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics . 2. − 2 ) Accept vector forms (4) (b) 1    −1 = √ 18.

t = 5 ⇒ 10 = 20 e− kt dt 75 At t = 10.Question Number Scheme Marks 8.139 5 awrt 108 M1 A1 (6) M1 M1 A1 M1 A1 (5) [13] M1 M1 M1 A1 M1 A1 (6) 8 6666 Core C4 June 2005 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics . (a) dV is the rate of increase of volume (with respect to time) dt − kV : k is constant of proportionality and the negative shows decrease (or loss) dV = 20 − kV giving These Bs are to be awarded independently dt B1 B1 (2) (b) ∫ 1 dV = ∫ 1dt 20 − kV separating variables M1 M1 A1 M1 1 − ln ( 20 − kV ) = t ( +C ) k Using V = 0. t = 0 in printed answer to obtain A + B = 0 20 B=− k dV = − kB e − kt dt Can be implied 1 ⇒ k = ln 2 ≈ 0. t = 0 to evaluate the constant of integration 1 c = − ln 20 k 1  20  t = ln   k  20 − kV  Obtaining answer in the form V = A + B e − kt 20 20 − kt 20 V= − e Accept (1 − e− kt ) k k k (c) dV = 20 e − kt dt dV = 10. V = ln 2 Alternative to (b) Using printed answer and differentiating Substituting into differential equation − kB e− kt = 20 − kA − kB e − kt 20 A= k Using V = 0.

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