GIFT OF

THE WALTER -KRAUSE GERMAN SERIES

BEGINNERS' GERMAN

.50 50 volumes .THE WALTER-KRAUSE GERMAN SERIES Published by CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS Walter and Krause Walter and Krause .00 . . Seidel's Scfictet^t Storm's ^ole ^opptn^paiet. First $1...60 . and Krause Ballard 80 Annotated Texts Storm's Arnold's 3mtncttfce.90 . Short Stories for Oral German.. Beginners' German. Otfier . Purin . Appelmann Luebke Busse Price to follow . Gerstacker's Srtfai^ttcn. .50 German Reader.50 . ^Ulftndjctt.so ^vi^ auf Sctlcn. ... German Songs... Walter and Krause . . . .

D.V. LECTURER ON METHODS OF TEACHING MODERN LANGUAGES NEW YORK UNIVERSITY CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS NEW YORK CHICAGO BOSTON .D. . JAMAICA HIGH SCHOOL. UNIVERSITY. DIRECTOR OF THE MUSTERSCHULE (REALGYMNASIUM) FRANKFURT VISITING PROFESSOR. COLtTMBIA AM MAIN AND CARL A. TEACHERS COLLEGE. I9II Ph. N. KRAUSE. HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MODERN LANGUAGES. Ph.THE WALTER-KRAUSE GERMAN SERIES BEGINNERS' GERMAN BY MAX WALTER.

1912. by CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS .Copyright. 1916.

Ph. PROFESSOR IN THE UNIVERSITY OF MARBURG Our Friend and Leader THIS BOOK GRATEFULLY INSCRIBED IS 3G0524 .D.{-'\ \ i-r TO WILHELM VlfiTOR.

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Let the matter covered be written or dictated. (4) (5) !2efe* Have the assignment read. Every answer by questions should be repeated hy the class. Do not assign a lesson unless it has been prepared in class. individually and in chorus. cess. Be sure that definite grammatical facts are gained in (6) each lesson. Series. drill in sounds be connected with all beginnever let a wrong pronunciation pass muster. we have the best of foimdations for interest and for sucAt all times we are taking cognizance of the living adolescent and not of abstract pedantry.PREFACE iKel&r greube an ber ©d&ule. and answers whether the pupils have the proper understanding of the oral work. first lessons. (3) Call for a continuous oral review of the whole (with ftMe). ning lessons. growth at least. Such review may be vii . thereby insuring a reahstic vocabAs we start with the immediate environment of the ulary.* Beginners' German is the basic book of the Walter-Krause initiate the learner into the of this introductory book is to language of every-day life as well as into the literary language. The work is an outof actual class-room experience. Let a thorough The questions as laid down in our book are intended for the student J to insure proper review at home. with books closed. are intended quite as much for the teacher as for the pupil. beg leave to give the following hints as to an effective mode of using Beginners' German although no teacher is expected to tie himself down to one par- The We — ticular system: (i) (2) Develop the material Ascertain orally. German One purpose pupil.

are may printed separately. A number of Reproduction purposes. these questions do not limit the individual teacher in any way and are merely suggestive. as well as two additional ones. desire to express our hearty thanks to a colleagues both in America and in Germany for We number of our many valuable . of the Subjunctive. The Grammar and is is based directly upon the work of each lesson learned inductively. and of Modal Auxiliaries. Some of the later selections deal with German life and customs. certain linguistic laws and rules and this very creative laboratory work will be a pleasure to him. e. from his own experience. after Exercises are added for review Lesson 27. of For Lessons 36-41 course. — or at least articulated. Translation and retranslation be practised occasionally after the foreign language has been essentially mastered. better than that. we talk and teach gram- We The learner will formulate for himself. are not talking and teaching about grammar but. Of course. We hope that the students will gain thereby an acquaintance with Germany and the Germans. sentences. upon a number of circumstances.. But they do outline the work of the learner definitely so that the matter in hand shall be thoroughly dealt with and mastered. spoken aloud.Vlll BEGINNERS GERMAN oral or written. '* Such botanizing work will be his mental property and will not be done in futuram oUivionem. velop his powers of observation and will cause him to use his " own judgment rather than to accept that of an authority. we have furnished Supplementary Reading to illustrate more fully the use of Compound Verbs. The progress of each class with our book will depend. The melodies of the songs given in the text. Answers should always be given in complete All home work should be oral i. The Grammatical Tables furnish only the absolute essentials of German Accidence in systematic arrangement. It will demar.

IX We are also under great obligation to the Frankfurter Lesebuch-Kommission. Marburg. Associate Professor of German. Hunter College of the City of New York. to Karl Hessel's Deutsche Lesebucher. Busse. Berlin. The Authors. Especially do we acknowledge our gratitude to Dr. February igx2.PREFACE hints. to Kameradschaft. for their kindness in permitting us some of their selections or publications. t . and to N. Elwert. G. for his kind advice and assistance in reading both to use manuscript and proof. A. to Sering's Chorgesangbuch.

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. 34 38 39 XV. XIII. 3 tear. IX. Conversation X. finb. bic finger.CONTENTS PAGE Preface vii Map of Germany facing i i Introductory: Alphabet Table of German Sounds with Explanations Lesson I. Conversation (Declension of bic Sinbcr. impersonal verbs. VII. (Declension of cinc SSoc^c. bic S'^^^t) XIV. ^ic — Date (Ordinals and numerals com42 fcin in pleted) Sorcici (i) (petite) (^aticn tenses) xi and compound 43 . 26 28 \6) 30 t(^ of hjcrbc. 9 11 of ber J^crbft. III. XI. of baiS ^a^r) . Conversation — Parts numerals continued) of . XII. . VIII. prepositions with dative) XVI. 32 Body (Declension of bic Si^^jcn. IV. cin 3ot)r. 20 22 6itt. bic Slugcn) . 7 tocrbcn fein) bic SS^od^e) . word formation Conversation Conversation of \6!j — Multiplication Tables (bcr-words) — Arithmetical Problems (Conjugation . V. word formation un-) Conversation on preceding work (Word-order. Conversation (Review of nouns. — Days Conversation — Days (Declension of Conversation — Months (Declension Conversation — Seasons (Declension Conversation (ift. toaren. II.. future tense. Conversation XVII. -Icin) Conversation Cardinal Numbers (Declension of cin pronouns — Family of address) — 2«onat) Conversation — Parts of the Day (Conjugation of ordinal numbers) Conversation — Time Day (Conjugation of l^abc. -l^cit) . Wirb. word formation -d^cn. O ^anncnbaum (Review. . word formation -c) 13 16 18 VI.

-6ar) @ttt Sricf. indefinite agreement of pronouns. Unfcrc Sd^ulc (Comparison of adjectives and adverbs) XXVI. reflex- 50 (cttl-words. masculine singu- and XXXIV. feminine. tives. 81 .. SSanbcrfci^aft (i) (Inseparable and separaprepositions with ble verbs. XXXVI. (Review. strong verbs) . ©ci Xim ©tittc ^am (i) (Adverbial compounds. imperative) Conversation — Class nci^me) ives. coordinating conjunctions) XXIX. — Class tense. Conversation — Class iti) formation -ung) (ein-words. masculine.. declension of personal XXII. ^cr trcuc J^unb concluded) 98 . completed. 84 XXXIII. word formation) XXX. ^ic SHBac^t word formation -ling. am ffifitm (i) (Review. pronouns) Unfcr (Sd^ulstmmer (i) (Compound nouns. Conversation XX.^ XVIII. neuter. feminine singular and XXXII. (i) (Weak lar declension of adjectives. ^cit bir im ©icgcrfrans . ^tc bcutf(^c ^aifcrfamilic. word 45 XIX. XXXI. strong declension of adjectives) 66 69 72 75 XXVII. of strong pronouns. '^aS bctttfcfic Sicid^ XXXV. word formation plural. reflex- ives. 87 90 93 -ig. perfect and pluperfect) XXV. $Ia^rcgcn XXVIII. ^Ic beginners' GERMAN PAGE 2otctcl (2) and (3) (Drill on nouns. genitive) 95 (Inseparable and separable verbs XXXVII. XXI. -Utf)) (Mixed declension of adjectives). neuter singular and plural. Unfcr ©e^ul^au^ (Prepositions with accusative. strong verbs) ^a!§ tagltd^c f8tot (Weak declension of adjectives. Review ^ttig (Classification of strong verbs) 78 irregular fofttittrc ^rautlcin (Weak declension of adjecplural. Unfcr ©djuljimmcr formation -if(!^) weak verbs. td^ trage. word formation) . ©bclmann unb Partner (Interrogative and relative ^ctbcnri))8lcitt (®oetf)c) pronouns. . (Preterit verbs. word 60 62 65 XXIV. prepositions with dative or accusative) (2) (Preterit of 53 57 XXIII. verbs with dative. present 47 (citt-words.

^cr ^unb mit bcm fjlcifc^e XIU PAGE (Subjunctive of indirect 102 XXXIX. ^ic ^cutfc^cti in Simcrifa (Passive and substitutes for passive voice) 120 124 126 131 XLV.CONTENTS XXXVIII. XL. XLII. XL VI. ^rct i^rcunbc (Passive voice) XLIII. XLI. wish) ©d^utcn (Modal auxiliaries) @ilc mit SSeilc (Modal auxiliaries. S)cutf(^Ianb iibcr 9tttc^ (Review) ^cutfc^lanb)^ ©tcffung in bcr aBcItttJirtfrfiaft (Passive voice concluded) Supplementary Reading Reproductions 138 143 Grammatical Tables Abstract OF German Grammar Songs > 174 179 197 Vocabulary • . speech and question) Sricf @oct^C!§ an ©(fitter (Subjunctive of ideal condition. possibility. irregular weak 2)tc 105 107 verbs) no 114 117 . ^ic p^crcn ®(^ulcn ^cutft^tanb)^ (Passive voice) XLIV.

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BEGINNERS' GURMAN .

' ' ' 2 ^ [[ ScEnrr 'bEGINT^ERS' ' ' GERMAN Script ' SSlALfLfeTtERg Print CAPITAL LETTERS Print Name pel p q r s p q r j^ P ^ . rr (Umlautc) '^' .^ ^^^^^ Q "^ O '^ ^ dl kui .?£r R S ^^ "^ fg t t ^ ^ xi«5? ® Z U 93 ^ '>es T tei u u b to U V '^'^ ?ui V /^ fau vei w n ^j^ W X Y Z' 2B 3e ^^ ^T V^ I ^ 3 ^ J^ /Z^ ^iks y z g) ^ypsibn ts£t 3 Script ^ Print COMPOUND CONSONANTS I Print Script Print Script MODIFIED VOWELS ..

BEGINNERS GERMAN .

leiben. Teeth Consonants (Tongue and Teeth) leiten. or left compara- tively open. II. German representing nasal sounds are printed all nasal sounds are at the same A. voiceless — ^arte. — ©arten tragenO. Back Consonants (Tongue and Soft Palate) k. 2. nasal bir. b. voiced Sen. in the place of articulation. p. Lip Consonants (Lip and Lip) 9tau^?e. voiced — S5eln. v. ?. JagOr). 1 In North and Middle German pronunciation finally and medially the narrow consonants g and x.4 closed. voiced — SBaren. (9Seg. rauBen.nef)men. nasal — fitigen. f. Characters representing voiced sounds are printed in red. time voiced. j and g are generally used: see II. ettiig. voiceless — $ein. (fd^toei* lang. BEGINNERS or (b) GERMAN (c) considerably narrowed. characters In in green. nasal— ttiein. — ^dtjXtn. voiced n. WITH CLOSURE — STOPPED CONSONANTS I. voiceless — Throat Consonant (Vocal Chords) (>)alt. tt)of)ncn. — Xkx. 3. quafett g. a6. leib. SOUNDS WITH CLOSURE OR NARROWING OF BREATH PASSAGE — CONSONANTS I. lauf en. voiceless d. voiceless auf. urn. — — nein. 4. t. m. WITH NARROWING — NARROW CONSONANTS Lip Consonants (Lower Lip and Upper Teeth) I. 3 4. .

voiced — ©ee. voiceless — fucften (2^ag)» g. Back Consonants (Tongue and Soft Palate) X. voiced — (raul^. Throat Consonant (Vocal Chords) B. I. voiceless — ^oXi. voiced — *goumaI. (glfirc. XQO^t). n3ic. igippe. gebeti. voiced — (tragen). voiceless *5. raul^. An asterisk mdicates . SOUNDS WITH OPENING OF BREATH PASSAGE — VOWELS The opening is between the tongue and the palate. voiceless — *6^]^emie. short — in. @($nee. 5. Thin {Thin Breath Passage) reiften. fe^ten. voiced — ja (fd^rtieigen). ilftn. long e:. 4. voiceless — *iS!is3e/ — ©tein. Sounds i:. Trilled {Vibration of Uvula) R. rei^en. Front Consonants (Tongue and Hard Palate) 9. — Divided {Passage on Both Sides of Tongue Point) 1.BEGINNERS GERMAN 2. All voiced. — — long 1 Front Vowels i. J. z. voiced — Im. reif en. Sicbe. h. words or sounds not originally German. j. with Up rounding are indicated in the Table by ( ). toal^r. Trilled {Vibration of Tongue Point) voiced r. 5 Teeth Consonants (Tongue and Teeth) s. Xdh 3. (Sl^rc. (S^re. Broad {Broad Breath Passage) tDafc^en.

u. flein. *o:. nasal laf)m. ha. S8offin= SBaffcng. nasal S[f)re. Wdnii). SSerbun=93crbiJng. ol^nc. * $cu» Nasal vowels in North German pronunciation are usually replaced by the corresponding non-nasal short vowels followed by ji. 9Jouen=9{ouanfi. tooftl. short — cffcn. long— Ufcr. blau. nasal long ubcl. lauten. nasal — iBallott. — short — iip^Jig. ^iitc. short— aK. ijffnen. Diphthongs ai:. gatnm. §anbc» Rounded y:. Back) 53ittc» a:. long— 5tal. (Sfiancc. o. Mixed Vowels (Intermediate between Front and 9. :2auf. long. t. au:.g. 3)^al. — — Dfen. e. @t«. long — e. SSort. 3. *^alat«. g:. terrain. 2. bu. — offcn. long. Xxtnit^ *§. Back Vowels All Rounded u:. long — SSerbun. long. o:. short — gcnug. 5(uge. short— untcn. gaben. long — Tint. cuer. oy:. ct=un. short 2)httter. *e:/ long. ©iif)ne. *&:. — O^ouen. — Baffin. S3anon=53aIIonfi. fo. a. ^iittc. short e. .e:.

SBa^ ift tnorgen? nj^orgen ift ^icn^tag* njort ift: (^cr) iESa^ it)irb ilbermorgen fein? ^ic 5ttit= ift: iibennorgen 323(1^ ^^jt^. ^ie gragc ift: ilBelc^er ^ag ift i)eute? 3Bag ift ^eute? SSajg ift bie $cute ift 3)?ontag (or respective day of the %ntmxt? (^a^) ^rauicin 5(J 2)ic 51nt* week). . ^Dten^tag. morgen fein? tDirb !^ien§tag fein.€rjle Jlufgabe ttt^tung! ^te ftcben Xa^t ber iESod^e ftnb: ber SD^ontag. ift htm '^ max ilBirb geftern 9)^itth)0(^? morgen ^ien^tag 3a. fjeute 5D^ontag. fon^' 3ft f)eute 9^ein. !Donner^tag. mein ^err. ^ien^tag? mein §err. (Sonnabenb ober (Sam^tag unb ber ©onntag. greitag. 9)^itttt)od^. mxt iiberilbermorgen fein? 3Be((^e 3::age iDerben morgen unb iibermorgen fein? SKa^ mar geftern? iCBa^ tear dorgeftem? SBa^ tDar Dordorgeftem? SBeI(^e 2^age iraren geftern ' unb borgeftem? nic^t !I)ien6tag.^ lt)irb 3}^ittlt)0(i^ fein.

— ^a^ maffe! 5lttc 5U== ift aud^ ein ©prid^njort. 2)^argarete fprid^t am leifcftcn* NOTE PRETERIT gcftem. nlc^t l&cute. etc. fammen! ©ic miiffen laut unb ©ie laut! ^arl gri^ fpric^t laut. bic 5lufgabe NEUTER ba^ grciutein ^err 5l(^tung ©prtd^tDort grage 5lnttDort Piaffe . finb etc.8 ^(affc! SESa« beginners' GERMAN ift l^eute? fammen! ©ajgcn ©tc: ?Bann njar (Sonntag? etc. etc. etc. n)irb. h)ar PRESENT Iieute ift FUTURE — maren etc. !Da« (Sprid^tDort Scrncn: 9)?orgcn. 9^ein. nid§t leife fpred^enl §eiurtd^ fpric^t ant lauteften. ift: ^effer f)eute al^ mprgen. 5lnna fprid^t leifer. — morgen. nur <Spred^en alle faulen ^eute. morgen. ©ie ftnb nic^t faule ^eute» J)eute al^ ©ic ftnb fleipig! ^effer morgen. . fcin ©onntag. (glifabetJ) fpric^tjeife. fpric^t lauter. h)erben . SD^ontag S)ien«tag. MASCULINE bcr SD^ontag.

nld^t 5lufgabc eln^. ^ag ber SSod^e. Tlitttood). le^te 3. ©ieben ^age bilben (madden) 5(c^tung ! bic ilBoc^e. unb ©onnabenb finb fed^^ Tlonta^. finb bier SD^itttDOC^ unb ^onner^tag ^age.beginners' GERMAN '^^wzxk 2tufgabe cto? mttn Xaql ^ - 3ft bie^ Hufgabe eto? 3ft tft bieg Seftion 9^em. ift ein Xag. ^ien^tag. 3)ien^tag. Tlonta^. etc. 3)ien^tag. einmaU @ieben Xage finb in \>tt iffioc^e. fon* tfaffc! ^ic SBo(^e f)at fieben 2:age. greitag ift ber flinfte ift <Sonnabenb <Sonntag iffiod^e* ber ber XaQ ber fed^fte ^ag fiebte ilBod^e. iD^ontag SJJontag. Tlitfrno^^.:ag ift unb ber . !Donner^tag unb greitag finb fiinf ^age. ^onner^tag. mein §err. 3)iengtag unb 9J^ittn)oci§ finb brei SD^ontag 2:age. grei* tag. SD^itttDod^. unb ^ien^tag finb jtDei 3:age. bie6 bern ^lufgabe jtDei. ©onnabenb unb ift (Sotintag finb fieben Stage* !Der 93^ontag ber erfte ^ien^tag mitttdoi^ ift ift ber jtoeite ^ag ber SSoc^e. Tlonta^. ber SSod^e. tag ^onner^tag. SBelc^eg finb bie fieben ^age bcr iESoc^e? 9*10^^ ^ie fieben 2:age ber ilBod^e finb: ber TlontaQ. ift !5)onner^tag ber bierte 2:ag ber SSoc^e. ber britte 2:ag ber SSod^e. ^Dien^tag. grei* ^age. TlontaQ.

0ruppe. . etc. ift bie gtreite dltif)c ober bie gtDeite !I)a^ finb gtDei. etc. bie SSod^e Nominative Accusative Genitive ber SBod^e Dative * ber SSod^e as to Let the individual pupils repeat the questions of the teacher so become accustomed to asking questions. in the Singular. 7 finb unQerabe S^^film. erfte il222?^ ©eftcrn hjar TlontaQ. ber bvittt iE3o(^e. <Sie finb gut. @nbe Icrnen: gut. bantt ha^ (Spiel. 2.. 3)^orgen mirb 3}JitttDoc^ fein. @rft bie Hrbeit. ZaQ ber 2(c^tung! !Da^ 5Da^ ift bie erfte 9^e ober bie erfte ©ruppe. nid^t miibe! ©ie lac^en: (Sie finb frpj unb unb ©ie Declension: bie finb frifc^ ^od^e.— !Da§ finb Piaffe! jii)ei ®prid^tr)5rter.lO $«ocft BEGINNERS GERMAN SBelc^eS ift ber crftc ^ag ber iS3od^e?i etc. ^liS^tung! Hlle 3:age oufier feltage. 4. ic^ irette brauf (I bet on it). etc. 3. 9?eif)en ober ©nippen. grol^en (Sonntag f)aben. ©onntag finb ^crftoge ober Scr* nid^t traurig. alte^ gut. Unb bu it)irft. 5. ber Xag ber SBod^c. ^k bie finb nic^t fd^Ied^t! fpielen nid^t! ©ie arbeiten gut unb ilSann 5tu)gttienbig fommt Hrbeit? Unb bann? auf 9^imm benn frifc^ bie 5(rbeit Icrnen: 5In ben SSerfeltagen. brei. 6 finb gerabe B^W^^^ 1.

11 = 9 = neun. Z>. bie 2lr6eit. bie 5lc^tung. E." -flifeSf (gie mliffen aufmerffatn fein. 9^ot)ember. (September. 3unt.g. 2)ie 2:age bcr 5lrbeit finb SSerftage. . G. ^ejember. etc. bie $Heif)e. Tlomtt bc^ 3af)re)§ finb: 9[)?ara. 2)?ai. ^ic Hrbeit ^ei ber ift gut. ber 3cinuar. SD^onate. N.beginners' GERMAN II Decline: bie Hufgabc. 3uli. bie ©ruppe. bie HnttDort. ift ber ac^te Tlomt be^ 3af)reg. bie grage. bie Piaffe. elf. ber s^eite SD^onat be^ 3cilf)re§. 3n bem 3cif)v finb sft)oIf SD^onate. ^er 3?anuar gebruar Huguft ber erfte Tlonat beg ^o^reg. gebruar. ^ie i^eute fd^reiben bie Hrbeit frifd^ unb fro^. 8 = ac^t. 10 = 12 = ^mil ift ift gefin. Hpril. A. 3^olf SD^onate bilben bai^ 3ti§i^» ^er 3anuar ift ein Tlonat !Der 3cinuar unb ber gebruar finb ^tod etc. fam! "iiaffe! ^a§ ^a^v ^ie srt)i)If f)at gh)oIf Tlomtt. Of what gender are these nouns? Do they change in the singular? How can you tell nouns in German? Britte 2lufgabe ©cien (Bit !Da« ift bd^jetSiime „5(c^tung. nic^t unaufmerffam. Dftober. 5lrbeit lernen ®ie fleifeig. 5liiguft.

30 Xa^e? ]^aben 31 2age? 3af)r. We. ber scf)nte 9)?onat be« ^al^teg. SStcber* bit nod^ ilbrig blieben (still remain). '^tiv meife nid^t. ^aben '^a^ ift einunbbreifeig.3efet biftiere ic^ eg 3l)nen.12 BEGINNERS GERMAN September Oftober ift tft ber neunte ^D^onat be§ ^ti^teg. 3d& meife: eg ift {)eute SBeld^e 9}?onate fiaben SBeld^e 2)^onate Mttmod^. 9^obember. " !Diftat! ober id^ gebe ^l^nen ein mtill 5rpril! Semen! 5(c§tung! H)ag er toilt. ba^felbe tt)ie „nod^ eintnaL" lloUn ©ic baS! 2luf|jaffctt! 3d^ fd^reibe eg an bie ^afeL ^iftieren! . ift 5^ot)cmber ber elftc '^fflonat be^ 3af)reg. ^egetnber iDSetd^e^ ift ift ber ^tDoIfte Tlonat be^ 3^af)reg. l^at gebruar biermal fieben. ber erfte Tlonat be^ 3a{)reg? ber biertc momt? mt ^a6 ber 5(u!§ttJCttbig Diele 3}?onate l^at bag 3a!)r? 3a^t: ift ift lang. Declension: bag Nominative Accusative Genitive Z^a/i^'e bag 3af)r beg 3af)reg bem 3a6r(e) . in the Singular. XaQ furj> ]()at ^reifeifi 3:age 5lpril. Icrnen: 3uni unb (September.

^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^ englifd^? f)ei6t engltfdf) fall tft tft §erbft (harvest). 3af)reggeiten? SBie 2Bie fSxttt. unbeutrtd^ unb ungenau! auf . ntd^t fo (Bit miiffen _beutlic§ bcutia* au^= f^red)en. ^. 3ft eg ie^t SBtnter? 9^ein. bag ^ittat E. SSelc^e ^a^regjeit je^t? 3efet tft eg §erbft. nid^t fqj|^. l^eifeen bie bier Ifiet^en ©ie? unb genau fpred^en. 3)ie ^lufgabe bc^ ®picl(e)^ btcg» D. ber ^erbft unb ber SBlnter. iV. 2)a^ ©piel {ft laut ift G.^ ^^.f)v l^at bier ^aSreg^eitetu !Die bier 3af)regjelten ftnb ober l^ei|en: ber griilfiling. bag ©picl. t>a^ ^. SSetcJe 3cil&t:egsett \ioax borlfier? . bag (Snbe. {e^t ift eg ntc^t Winter. ®ie lemen ©piel gut. ^anfc! T)a^ tft rec^t ha^ rid^tig. Jonbern ^erbft. ba6 ©pric^tDort. Vmk 5(uf^affen! 2Iufgabe !Dag 3o.13 Decline: ha^ grautein. mein g»err. Of what gender are these nouns? Are the natural and the grammatical gender of nouns identical in German? Illustrate. ^n bcm ©ptet ftnb ©pric^tDorter entl^alten (contained).g. ber ©ommer.

bie ^Tutpe aud^ einc ^lume. SBIumen unb grild^te finb im ©arten. 5td^tttng! grild^te. 5lpril unb Tlai finb bie brei grlifilinQe* monate.n ad^ber fein? SBie t)ie(e ^afire^seiten gibt e^? SSie biele ^o^re^selten f)afen tDir? 3n ^er tDcId^er 3alf)re^seit leben tviv? SKir leben im (in bem) §erbft. ©eaember. griif)ltng ift ift bie erfte 3af)re^jeit. bie glDeite ^a^re^geit. fro|eg (SpieL ^inber ©otteg. ber (©ontmer Tlixvi. ^anuar unb SSintermonate* gebruar finb bie brei cinmaU ^er ^erbft !Die ift bie britte ^alfire^aeit* Jeit bc)g ^erbftei^ bauert t)on (September bi^ 9^ot)ember. Oftober nnb 5^obember finb ^erbftmonate. bem) §erbft» unb S^oDember bilben hm Semen 8te hjenbig: 5nif)Iing. ^ringen un^ beg ©uten t)iel: tinmen. iBir finb je^t im (in (September. beg 35aterg. 3uni. $erbft unb SSinter (Sinb beg guten ©otte^ ^inber. ift fie !Die $Rofe ift ^lume. 3uli unb Sluguft finb bie brei ©omnter^ bie brei monate. atle finb bie mv ^g gibt t)iele jDctc^fen ^lumen unb im @arten» eine grlid^te im ©arten. ©ommer. September. Dftober §erbft. .14 BEGINNERS GERMAN SKetd^e 3af)re§selt mirb . etc.

ber 9JJontag. G.. A. ber gril{)Ung. tft: unaufmerffam ntd^t aufmerliflltt* Do we have the same prefix in English? . \ ber @ott. ber ©arten. Nominative Genitive Z?a/iz)e bcr ^erbft be^ §er6fte^ bem §erbft(e) Accusative ben $erbft etc. of the WORD FORMATION What is the force of the prefix un-? Ungenau unbeutUc^ tft: tft: nid^t genau. Decline: bcr Za^.BEGINNERS GERMAN SBie ^etfet alfo tft 15 ^lume auf cnglifc^? !Der 5lpfel eine gnid^t. SSir nennen ben erften SSoc^entag 9}Jontag. ^cr 5ln erfte Xaq ber SSod^e l^eifet 9}?ontag. Z). ber ^anuar. bie Tldom ift auc^ erne iESie fietfet alfo gruc^t auf englifd^? 9^ennen ®tc mlr ^lumen unb grlid^te! Declension: ber §erbft. and the seasons? of the days. ber SSerftag. N. etc. Of what gender are the names months. E.g. ntc^t beutltd^. ber 2)?onat. etc.. in the Singular. ber 5Sater. !Dte Arbeit be^ Sage^ tft grofe.. bcm (am) 2^age fd^lafen bie fteinen ^inber.

i6

beginners' GERMAN

^anfte ^ufgabe
5(d^tung
!

(g«

tft

Mt itn iSBinter.

(ggJriert^ unb c6 f d&nett oft,

^er Winter ift ein armer 9}iann, @r BfmgFlemc
58Iumen unb feme
(Spiel
griid^te, er bringt aber frof)e^
ift

^er

SKlnter
ift

bag Snbe beg ^al^reg,

@g ift itn grli!)Iing im SSinter, ^m (Sommer ift eg inarm, oft fel^r 6d6- ^^^ (gommer ift reid^, @r bringt ung diele ^lutnen unb griid^te, (gg Mijt un b bonn ert oft»
3tn grueling
fc^oner a(g
eg milb,

3m

^erbft

ift

eg fii^L
bie

!Die ^uft
fd^eint,

fd^on,

menu

(Sonne

ifFm^L (gg ift @g regnet oft,

ioenn bie (Sonne nid^t fd^eint»

^ann

ift

bag

fetter
5Cttfangctt

fd^Ied^t;

bann

ift

eg fd&lec^teg SESetter,

3?n toeld^er ^ci^i^c^sstt gibt eg feine ^lunten?

(S3cginnen)j

SSag bringt SBann ift eg
SSie
ift

ber SSinter?

Mt?

ber SBinter?

iESann friert eg unb fd^neit eg?

iBarum
2Bie
(SScitcr):
ift

friert

eg?
5riif)ling? etc.

eg

im

Scrncn Sic
au^menbig:

3m SSinter, Qm SBinter,
^ann
Unb
ift

iuenn eg frieret,
n^enn eg fd^neit,

ber SSeg ^uv Sd^ule

gilrtt)af)r

nod^ ^mal fo

toeit (flirlDal^r,

indeed).

toenn ber ^udfudf rufet,
ift ift

!Dann

ber grii{)Iing ba, ber SBeg gur (Sc^ute

^ann

giirtoal^r noc^

'mal

fo nai).

beginners' GERMAN
SBer aber gerne lernet,

17

!Dem

i[t

fetn

SSeg gu fern;
h)ie

3m

SSinter

tm

griil^lmg

®e()t er gur (Sd^ule

gem.

Hoffmann Don ^alUx^Uhtn,
5(u!§hJCttbig

9teben

tft

(Silbcr,
ift

lemen:

(gc^tDcigen

®oIb,—
l^eifet:

^eben ^d^i

fpred^en; fc^tDeigen

nid^t reben*

NOTE
Are predicative adjectives declined? Do the names of the days, months, and seasons require the definite article in English? In German?

IMPERSONAL VERBS
(S^ friert, e§ fd^neit, e« bli^t, eg bonnert, e« regnet.

What do

these five impersonal verbs express?

ORDER OF WORDS
I.

(gg

ift

fait

tm

SStnter.
ift

(Normal.)

.

II.

3m
(gg

griit)Iing
ift

c^ mtlb,

(Inverted.)

III.

f(^on, tDenn bie

©onnejelljdficint

(Dependent.)
II.

What

Interchange the normal and the inverted order in I and kind of clauses or sentences are they?

Change III into two independent clauses of I. Combine I and II into a sentence of type III by using the
subordinating conjunction n)af)renb (while).
Notice: SBenn bie

©onnc

fd6eint, tft eg fc^oncg SBetter. [o ift e§ f(^oneg SBetter.

<Bd)dnt bie (Sonne,

Note that the German uses a comma before and
clause.

after

a dependent

l8

BEGINNERS' GERMAN

WORD FORMATION
^ait Gibt bit tSttc, h)arm gibt bte SScirmc,
tnilb gibt bic SD^ilbe,

mjl

gibt bic tiif)Ic.

Of what gender are these nouns ending
rived from adjectives?

in -e,

which are de-

Scd^jle 2lufgabe
(Review)
?gaffcn
<^»f*

@ie ©eute lemen
2)a^

tolr ein bcutfd^eg !2ieb, eln
;^ieb,

SBoIMicb.

2)^an fingt ein

!2ieb f)ei6t:

O

^anticniautn.
o 3:annenbauin,

D ji:anncnbauTn,
^u
SfldUf auc^

iSSie treu finb beine

flatter!

griinft nid^t :ij^ jur

©ommerseit,

im

SBintcr, h)enn eg fd^neit.

O 5tannenbautn, o jtannenbaum,
SKie treu finb beine flatter!
^i(i)t faut

©er jtannenbaum
2:reu
l^eifet

l^eifet

auf englifd^ the fir-tree.

fcin!

mm
feln!

trttgc

„nic^t falfc^."

mii^c^ anbere SBort {)ei6t and^: nid^t folfd^? (Sin iBaunt^t 53Iatter, t)iele flatter, bk griin @inb fie blan ober rot?
^ie
^Blatter finb nid^t blan,
ift

finb.

fonbem

griin.

^a« ©rag
<Bmb

grlln,

bit iBIcitter beS

Satool)!, bie flatter beg

jTannenbaum^ griin? 3:annenbaumg finb

griin.

beginners' GERMAN
3ft bcr ^annenbaum grog ober flein? !Dle flatter be^ 2:annenbaumg fietgen 5^abeln,

19

(^xunt ber S^annenbaum nur sur (ju ber) (Som=*
mergett? ©d^neit e6 tm SSinter?
<Sd^neit e^ aud^

griert e« oft

3ft
JBerftcftcn

bie ?uft

tm (Sommer? tm (Sommer? tm SBlttter fait ober toaxm?
!2ieb,

^^^j^fffH^^n ba^

©ie ba^
Sicb?
Scfcn ®tc c^ jc^t!
gJS tr

lefene g jc^t

Sc^t fmgcn ^te Tldohk hJtr ba^
2icb.

ift leic^t,

nid^t fc^trer,

Semen ©tc
hjenbig
!

5llte

miiffen bag

!2teb

ftngen!

SBu^s
ftabieren!

3d&

buc^ftablcre (spell)

iBaum
treu

neln

—^ — —n
t

a

r e
e
i

u u n

m

How many
JOtfeajfetU
©efunbl^ett ®efunbl)ctt

diphthongs are there in German?
ha^ ^oc^fte ®ut.
beffer al^ ^ranflielt (sickness).

tft

Semen:

tft

WORD FORMATION
©efunbl^elt
l^eifet

gefunb

[cin»

SSa«

f)el6t

^ranffieit? bie gaul^eit?

What What

is
is

the force of the noun-suffix -l^eit? the gender of nouns ending in -\)dt?

20

beginners' GERMAN

Stebtc 2lufgabe
®ctcn Sic
SBtr ftnb auftnerffant,
1
ift

eine

falT^^'
3,

S^;

2

tft

aud^ etne

Salfil, eine

anbere

4 unb 5
ciiiig

ftnb brci 3tiW^n.
sttjijlf
!

S^Wn

Sic

t)on

M^

S^rccftcn Sic (aut unb bcutUd^!

\S

^affcn Sic
*^"f *

Q^

ga^Ie iDeiter

bon 13 bi^ 30:

brelge^n, t)iersef)n, fiinfje^n, \t^^t^n, ftebsef)n,
ac^tgel^n,
gig,

neunse^in, s^cin^tQ/ etnunbalDan*

gmeiunbslDanatg, etc., neununbatoanjig,

breifeig*

^o(fi

tin-'

^a^

tft

genug.

tnal, Bittc!

3(i^jen ^rffinelt, nld^t langfatn,

^c^tung !

graulem
9}?aj

51, ift
ift

etn 9}Jctb(^en»

^,

ein ^tiabe,
bic SOlabd^cn!
fie

Sit^tcn Sic bic

^nabtn unb

^ic ^naben
(Sc^ule.

ftnb nteine <Sd^ix(er;

gel^en in bie

!Die SJJcibd^en ftnb nteine (Sc^iilerinnen,

^ie

tiiele

©(filler ^ahc
, . .

i<^

f}kx?
\

<Sie ]f)aben

l^ier.

SSte btele <Sd&uterinnen ftnb bort?

3c§ bin ber
2ti)vmn,

^el^rer,

nnb

grcinlein ©ntitl^

ift

eine

3<^

Ief)re (Sie !l)entf(^,

SBir finb greunbe;

n)ir f)alten greunbfd^aft.

Dat. griin ober hlan? 5Ste Diele SBiid^er l^aben @te l&ier? ^a^ ift eine leid^te Hufgabe. c y ^ . iSSeld^er iD^onat l^at jebeg t)ierte 3af)r 29 2:age? — 3c^ 3af)Ie nun ble 3^^^^^^^ fed^gtg Se^n Sluansig brelfetg fiebatg ad^tgig bier^ig neungig f)unbert [taufenb] fftxl funfgig I|tt ©ic ha^ (^nmaUln^ ^eifptel): 3. 10 X 8 = 80 sel^nmal ad^t ift ad^tgig. je^t aber erne fd^luerc 5(ufgabe. biefer. 2 X 8 = 16 stoetmal ad^t tft fed^jel^n. jeber ©eite biefeg iBuc^eg Jeber ©eite btefem S3ud5(e) toeld^em 9}Jonat(e) Decline: biefer ©driller. }ene (Scftiilerin. f ' o m ^ ' tDeId6er SJJonat hjelc^en 9D?onat tuetd^e^ 2)^onat(e)g Gen. Jener. unb Declension: fo toeiter (uftoO* etc. . 4. ineld^er (mandfjer).beginners' GERMAN 21 ^tefe^ ^u(^ 3?ebeg tft rot.. (aum 1x8 = 8 elnmal ac^t ift ad^t. biej|ar5e {ene^ ^U($e^ tft blau» ^u(^ f)at (gsitejl/ unb auf jeber (Seite ftnb 3etlen» 3Bel(^e^ iBud^ §aben Bit? 3ft e^ rot. Singular Norn. jebe^ 9}Jabd^en. 3 X 8 = 24 breimal ad^t tft t)ierunbstoansig. ^.. feme einfad^e.. 1 . Jeber. Ace.

melc^er declined? Like what? What do you call them? 2ldjte Jlufgabe SC^tung ! <Sie tnliffen aufpaffen. fe^r auf* mcrffam! Setter sur ^kffe: Sel^rcr ti^r feib fcl^r aufmcrffam* unb fie fmb aufmerffam* Piaffe: ^ttc 3c^ bin aufmerffam. @*u(er: Sei^rer ^^Jiffe: t)U bift iung unb nid^t alt. fein alte^. . Sufammen! ^^ ^^ft aufmerffam u\tt>. e^ (Scten marm) {ba^ mm^n) fmb fef)r ift . ba^ iBeQinnen. G.22 E. . ^er 5lnfang ^txt^A Secret SSie alt finb ®ie? tcft (Sagen ®ie: 0in 13 ^cil^re unb 5 Wlonatt alt sum bu 6ift 13 3cxlE)re unb 5 9}?onatc alt. 3)ic[c)g S8u(5 tft rot. ®le iDcrbcn nte etma^ lemen. !3)ic garbc bie[c)§ 58ud^c§ ift rot 3n btefcm ^ud^ [tub Diele ©etten. SSir lefen biefc^ jener. . • ®te SSir aufmerffam. JD. unb er fic ift 13 ^al^re unb 5 OJ^onate ift . gu (gnbe. N. ein Semen: „mev ift ^Ttifang ift fc^rt)er. 53ucf) A. How are blcfer.g." ®a^ ift neue§ ®pri^h)brt fiir ba^felbe trie un^. . alt. ieber.

er l:)trb lt)tr 16 3^af)re alt fern. alfo l)abe . (Sie ftnb alter al^ er. S^ic^t toalir? (Bnmmt ba^? !I)a6 tft ba^felbc tote: ift ha^ rtd^tiG (red^t)? loollen totr red^nen unb 9^ed^enaufgaben lofen. tl)r ftjart fie 15 Qa^xt 14 3al)re alt. SBte Diele (Staaten l^aben 5lmerifa unb !Deutf(^lanb ^ufamrrten? „3ett ift ®elb. SBtr nel)men bie ^Ibbitton imv\t._26 bcr 2^afel: 64 . ftnb ber ciltefte t)on il^nen. ftnb ntc^t fo alt toie er. S(^ ^abt i^ au^ \)id ®elb. i£Ste biele (Sd^iiler ftnb l^ter ober ftnb anhjefcnb? l)ter SKie btele ©driller ftnb nic^t ober abnjcfenb? 5lmerifa l^at {e^t l)at 3)entfd§lanb 48 (Staaten. bann bie ®ub= 3e^t traftion.23 iSBie alt ftnb ©te unb (Sic? i!!)r ilSie alt felb ilBie alt sufamtnen? le^te^ 3ct?)t? njaren ©ie ilBie alt iDerben <3ie nd$^f ^a^i^ fetn? 3i5tL?stM^l: ^^ ^^^ 15 3ol)re alt. bu toarft 14 3af)re alt. iDerben 16 3al)re alt ftnb beibe fein. barauf bie SJ^ultiplifation bie !I)ibifion." fo fagt man. biel 3^tt. 26 ©taaten. ®te ©ie @ie ftnb fo alt h)ie er. alt. unb gulefet 5(bbition an 38 _.

tft 14.24 6 unb 8 (Sinn. id^ fc^reibc 4 f)in unb be{)alte 1 im .

30? me biele ayjarf unb <ipfennig finb Conjugate the present opposites. ©ic is used when speaking to young people and adults. ©ine beutfc^e 'matt l^at ©in ^Dollar f)at ungefdfir 100 pfennig. . bu cr bift faul.g. 10 iDeniger (minug) jlDei ift ac^t. Where SSo is the accent in most foreign nouns. singular and plural. 150 (bit)ibiert) burd^ filnfjel^n ift jel^n. a friend) . fie (e«) ift fd^Ied^t. 4 Tlaxt $42. id5 bin fteifeiQ.g. ift 3tt)olfmaI slDoIf f)unbert i)ierunbt)ierjig. of id) l^in. 5Ibbition? ()aben tuir is Note that hu used when addressing a child (a relative. toix finb fro^. [©ie ift finb grog. fii gut. faul unb fro^ getcrnt? e. i^r is the plural of bu. Jit)r feib traurig. (ic finb !Iein. 144 unb (plu^) fed^^ ift f)unbert filnfstQ.beginners' GERMAN mtt)kl ift: 2$ ? 12 X 12 + 6 4- 15 .2 = !Die HnttDort ift 8. using adjectives and their E.

ilBie t)iele ^[yjonate bilben bal)er ein 3a|)r? .. !Der (Schiller gibt cincr S3tumc Staffer* ^el^rerin ^at cine S5lumc» any difference in the declension of einc t)iele and bic? SSie SO^onate ^at ein 3at)r? ©in 3tt^t^ ^cit gtDoIf 50^onate. SSeld^eg ftnb bte SScrftage cincr SSod^e? !Dte ilSerftage einer SKoc^e finb . fteben ^^age. eine S(^% ^i^^ ©d^nle. miebtele 3:age bilben einc SSoc^e? ^od^ (Siebcn S^agc bllben erne ilSod^e. eine gmc^t. eine §anb. eine garbe. eine ^bbition. einc Decline: eine SBlnnte.e J einer SSod^e einer SSo(|e etc. eine 3^il^/ ^i^c S^ec^enaufgabe. eine <Seite.26 beginners' GERMAN Heunte 2lufgabe SBlc biete ^age I)at f)at cine SSoc^e? ©Ine SSoc^e 5lIfo. cinmaU SBie biele geiertage ftnb in ciner SBod^e? 3n einer 3So(^e ift ein geiertag* Declension: eine SSoc^e. eine ^d^iilerin. eine ©omntergeit. SJJelobie. eine 2cf)xtnn. Feminine Singular. cm «- Nominative Accusattve Genitive Z)a/iz.. eine Tlavt. etc. 1 . ©ieg ift ein 53eifpiel: ^ne ^ie ^ie Is there SB tunic ift fd^on* ^Blatter cincr JBlume finb griin.

3)ie (gitern einc^ ^inbe^ finb alt* 3d^ gebe einem ^inb bag 3?(^ berftel^e ein 5(ttfge)ja6t! ^u^. ein 99^ann. (ober: SSie S)ie brei fieifeen ») ^erbftmonate eine6 3a]f)re^ finb (September. aber bie ^^m\ttv ift ein Tlixb^tn. ^erbftmonatc cinc^ ^ol^reS? . gut. Oftober utib 9^ot)eniber» gibt bier ^a^ire^geiten in einem 3at)x. ein SSIatt. . ^inb felfir !Der 53ater unb bie 9}^utter finb bie ©Item eine^ ^inbeg. ilBeld^e^ finb bk brei . ein grcinlein. ^ie (gitem unb 3)er 53ater ift (bie) ^inber bitben eine gamitie. ein Tl^biS)tn. aber bie ^utttv ift eine grau. fteifeen): iB3ie biele ^ci^t^e^seiten ^iht e^ in ctnem ^al^r? ©^ Declension: Neuter Singular. ein 53eijpiel. ein All l^ieb. !Der iBruber ift ein ^nabe. ein SSort. ein 58u(^. nouns in d^en and (ein (diminutives) are of what gender? ^ag SSag iBIttttc^en ift ein fleineg ift matt and ein ein ^lid^tein? ein ^inbc^en? What $ier difference is there between ha^ in the declension? ift ein ^eifpiel: @tn ^inb ift jung. ein ^ai)V. Nominative Accusative Genitive J eine^ Dative 3abre^ einem 3af)r Decline: ein ^inb.beginners' GERMAN Srt)olf 27 ¥tonatc bilben ein Sd^v.

toa^ ftnb.ne 30 ober 31 2:age.. loa^ bu bift. (Sie loaren. ben 9^amen etne^ ^onat^ tft I 5Iuguft ber 9^ame eine^ 9}?onat(e)g* etnem SD^onat (ago) ? td^ 2Bo loaren <Bte ijor 58or einem 9}^onat ioar SSie biele 3:age bilben in ber (Sc^ule. bic ^od^ter. is tneiner Thitkt 9)^utter ^ie ©c^mefter mcineS 33aterg ober melner ift Observe that the article. ber ©oJin. Declension: Masculine Singular. !Der ^ruber metneg S3ater§ ober tft metn DnfeL metne Xante. ober cin n)2abc§en. getjnte 2lufgabe SlSte btele 2:age l^at ein 3J^onat? (5in ajJonat f)at 9^eit.28 (gin ^tnb tft entmeber ein ^nabc. ein SD^onat. SEBic t)tele ^riiber unb (Sd^meftcrn f)aben ©le? ^riiber unb (S(^n)eftem ftnb ©efd^miftcr. <j)y ^jeibft nic^t etoig ^inb. repeated when the nouns differ in Semen @ie au^toenbig: (gl^re je^t bie '^Utn. etc. fie Unb bn ioirft. etneti Tlonat? 30 ober 31 3:age bilben einen 9}^onat. gender or in number. Nominative Genitive Z)a^*'z>e ein 9J?onat eine^ 90^onat(e)g einem SO?onat(e) einen $D?onat Accusative .

etn ©(^iiler. 53on 1-2 (big imi) ift eine ©tunbe. mieu! 9luf2Bicberfe^en! . ^age finb aber in einent ^^aitiaf)x? 3n einem ©c^altjalfir finb 366 ^age. b> 1^» gut fein. ein OnfeL Sum ^eifpiel: 9^eh) g)orf ift cm (Biaat cinei3 ^ie !2eute (iBetoo^ner) (BiaaM J^eigcn JBlirger ^ 3tt ctttcm <Btaatt gibt e^ t)tele 8c^ulen» . iSater. 33on 2-3 ift tnieber eine ®tunbe. *iPfennig. 2M. fiat ein ^ag? Xa^ l^at SSir l^aben je^t eine beutfc^e ©tunbe bon 10-11 Ul^n ilSie biele SJJinuten l^at eine ©tunbe? (Sine <Stunbe l^at 60 3}?inuten. Stage ^at ein l^at 3a^r? @in Sal^r SSie biele 365 Stage.29 Decline: etn ©taat. 1912 (Sin ift ein SBie biete gtunben 24 (Stunben. ein em ^annenbaum. ein dn Slnfonaf Tlann. ©ine SO^inute f)at 60 ©efunben. What difference in the declension is there between bcr unb ein? SScttcr! mt btete iSSoc^en T)ag ^a^r SSie t)ierc l^at bag ^alfir? gansc |ic ^^^"^* r)at 52 iSSod^en. ^te iBurger bilben ctnen ©taat* . @ine 33iertelftunbe f)at 15 9D?inuten.boc^? S3rat) fein! """^^ (bag fielfet) J A ^dt^^uu ^ M @ie miiffen kat) feln. em geiertag. dn Sruber. nnb fo hjeiter. @ine l^albe (Stunbe l^at 30 9}?inuten.&erftete_©e. etn eln 2tt)Xtv.

SSeiter! toir Ifiaben feit ji^ei SD^onaten ^eutfc^. !Der ^^ittag ift tft ber ©ilben. Scorer sum bu er f)aft feit jtoei 9D?onaten ^eutfc^* ©chiller: Secret unb Piaffe: (fie. unb e^ tft nid^t fonbem fpfit. ber jibenb. eg) l^at feit gh)ei SD^onaten ^eutfd^. unb ber 5lbenb tft ilBeften. feit gmei 9[)^onaten l^abc ic^ ^eutfc^. 9!M4 ^^^ 9[)^orGen fomrrtt Urn 12 Uf)r tft e^ 9}^ittaG. ^offentlid^ merben (Sie balb n)ieber gefunb* ^err S3. ^taffe! .! fatten ®ie tjor s^ei ^al^ren ^eutfc^? 92ein. SJian rebet feine greunbe fo an: ©uten mox^ml ®ute g^ac^t! ©uten Xag! ©uten ^Ibenb! ^a^ Sraulcitt ift fiiraer aU: i(i) Mnfd^e 3^nen guten Tlox^ gen ufto* \gaben ©ie ^op\Votf) (headache)? & tut mir fef)r leib. ^er 3}?orgen tft ber Dften. fonbem ^te ber bic WK bunfel. (g^ ift frii^' mx ^aben fe^t ben fril^en ber 3Sor* SfTorgen* mittag. unb bann inirb e^ SD^tttemac^t. unb SJ^tttemac^t ber 9^orben. (g^ SDarauf l^aben iDir ben 9^ac^mittag. tft abenb^ nic^t frltl^. ^ad)t folgt. unb bann fommt l^eK.30 BEGINNERS' GERMAN €lftc 2tufgabe ©utcn Smorgcn! 3efet ift c8 9 Uf)r* ^ie (Sonne f(5cint» (g^ tft jett. bafe ©ie ^opftuel) l^aben. t)or jtpei 3af)ren f)atte id^ fein ^eutfc^» $aben @ie @t sn)ei Wflonatm ^Deutfd^? ^c^Dol^I.

bie Seftion. nic^t friib. ii)v bu ' {)aft bie gtDeite Slufgabe. eineti 53ater. Conjugate the present E. ^g ^g ift friib. etc. bag SSort. bag ^ud^. bie 5lnth)ort. Is there a special progressive or emphatic verbal form in German? Does the present replace the future and the perfect at times? What E. ©ie bciben bie adite Hufgabe.BEGINNERS GERMAN Scoter sur Piaffe: 31 t^r ^abt fett siDel SJ^onaten ^eutfd^. bie Hufgabc. bag (Spiel. is the difference in the use of abet and Does fonbcrn mean "but on the contrary"? fonbcttl? Illustrate. f}aht bie [iebte ^lufgabe. Use similarly: bie grage.g. ift fptit. (g^^ fj^^g^^ je^t ^^ei 3}?onaten 3)eutf(^. er bat bie britte Hufgabe. etc. i^ fiaht bie er[te Hufgabc. f onbern eg .g. einen geiertag. 'i)at fie baben bie neunte (stoangigfte) e« (bag Wflah^tn) fitnfte 5lufgabe. fie bcit bie bierte 2lu[gabe. ift abcr eg ift bunfel. of id^ f:\abt in complete sentences. Sci^rcr unb fie Jiaben feit stoei $D?onaten ^eutfd^. h)ir Jciben bie [e(5fte ^Tufgabe. einen Sebrer. etc.

30 9}?inuten 45 $minuten 50 9[^inuten brei eg ein 3SierteI bor 11 (fll). I^ege id& ntic^ . Ui)v Qti)tn (Bit abenbg ju iSdl2 ftel^en @ie morgeng auf? (Sie 3c^ ftef)e urn fieben UffX auf. gelfien Urn njieDiel Ul^r am ©onntag in bie ^ird^e? $aben i i t)on t)on (Sie gu §aufe eine Ul^r? — t)on SSiebiel ift f t)on 100? 100 = 20. I (smei ^Drittel) t)on 1800 = 1200. f finb 1200. 20 X 6 = 120. 10 (ill). etc. f 120 = 20. SSenn id^ milbe bin. eg sef)n 9}^inuten Dor 11. i t)on 100 = 40. fie ift nld^t eclifi* 3etgen (Bit m§ alien bte Ulftr in ber ^kffc! !Die ^Iaffenuf)r f)at gtrei <3^i9^^» ®in B^iQ^i^ tft filr bie (Stunben. SJ^inuten ift 3ft eg frli^ ober fpcit? 3n 3n 3n 3n 3n fiinf eg fiinf 9}iinuten nad& 10. bcr anberc fiir bie 9}iinuten. i t)on 1800 = 600. ^unft ^alh Urn iDiebiel ilSann unfere (Seville aug. ]f)in. Semen ©ie 3(^ fann ftef)en. 15 ar^inuten ift ift ift ift ift eg ein 53iertel nac^ eg ^alb elf. 100 = 60. SBiebiel U^r ift e^ jefet? ©^ ift Qegen se^n U^r. ufm.32 gtpolfte Hufraffen! ^ufgabe !Dte !^a6 ift eine Ul^r* U^r tft runb.

toeil fie an SSanb ficingt. ^§ tut mir leib. Take a railroad time-table and have the pupils read the various trains as to their leaving and arriving! Railroad l^eifet j^eifet auf beutfd^ bie ^ifenbal^n. @^ ift mir einerlei (e^ mac^t mir nid^t^ au§). Bk S^l^re 2:afc§enu]^r. bag (Bk milbe ftnb! (Ste milffen Qerabe ft^cn. ift (Sine ^afd^enul^r eine Ul^r fiir bie Xafd^e. Sm rtjerben S^c^. nte Piaffe! ©crabc ift fo biel h)le frumm! au\vtd)t ^onnen (Bit nid^t gerabe ft^en?— '^d)mtn mir.33 <Binb (Ste tniibe unb nid)t frifc^? ^ag ift fd^abe. unb fagen <Bk toie tiiele 3^^9^^ ^i^^ ^^afc^enulfir l^atl iffiofiir ift ber britte 3^i9^^? iESa^ jeigt biefer 3^tger (an) ? 3ft eine SSie ift ^^^afc^enul^r birf ober blinn? eine SBanbufir? ift Unfcre ^laffenulfir ber eine SSanbufir. — Bk . train auf beutfc^ ber Sm* ^^^4 ^roofli^n ber ^toeite gel^t 3* ^* ]Xt)V 3)er erfte Sm urn 6 ^^(^^ t)on 9^en) 2)orf ab. etc.lnerbe mit bem le^ten 3^9 faf)ren. tnenn id^ fpat nad^ ^aufe fomme* ^ai§ ini nic^t^ t SBa§ Ifieigt (g(j^ t^g gnglif d^e ! ben bag auf englif(^? Uberfe^en SSorte bilben einen Bai^. %ti)t Sm an? ^roo!lt)n urn 6:15 l3on 5^em 2)orf ab. SSann fommt 5D^it tDelc^em ber erfte Sm in 9^en3 g)orf @ie fal^ren? etc.

iESo 5aben mir barauf tcettcn nnb frozen <Bomiaq I)rct3cljnte iESie t)iele 2tufgabe ^ippen l^aben h)tr? stuei Si|j)jcn. td^ tDerbe in bie ^ird^e gel^en. fie njerbcn morgen ben 3^9 nel^men* td§ h)erbe bag ^ieb fingen. SSeiter! SSie biele JJinger Iiaben toiv? SIBir l^aben ^elfin ginger aufammen* ^a^ ift ber fleine ginger! . . rcn @ic: id^ toerbe x<i) toerbe bte 5lnfgabe temen. ^^^^ tnorgen ben hjcrbct S^^ Sm nel^men. td^ toerbe baranf tcetten. SSir f)aben bie Unterlippe unb bie Dberlippe. Sinb bie ^ippen rot ober blau ober griin? finb bie ^ie Si^^en SSeld^eg ift tot ber ^ippen? gar be ^ie garbe ber 2xpptn ift rot SBa^ tun toir mit ben ^ippen? 3)?it ben Si^^jen pfeifen n)ir. id^ iDerbe etnen frol^en (^onntag l^aben. ^ nel^men. Sm nef)men. ben Bai^ fpred^en. r bu ^^ Scorer unb tlaffc: ttJtrft tnorgen ben c ^.34 BEGINNERS GERMAN Q^ Scorer: tocrbc ntorgcn ben 3ug nel^men. tdxv njerbcn I [ if)r morgen ben morgen ben Sm nel^men. ©ie njerben morgen ben 3ug nef)men.

hk gorm ber ginger? gorm ber ginger ift runb. !Da§ Huge unb ba^ £)^x finb nu^ic^. $l^it ber 5^afe riec^t man. nic^t ftumpf. fd^arf ober ftumpf? ilBa6 ift bie Hufgabe ber Ba^ne? ift !Die 5lufga6e ber S'^^^^ su beifeen unb p fauen* mit ben ^fi^nen? Tilt ben S^^nen beifeen unb fauen SSa^. sefin gingem an ben red^te gnjei ^cinben fiifilen !^ieg ift bie $anb. unb bie^ ift ber linfe gug* .beginners' GERMAN (Sinb bie ginger bicf 35 ober bllnn? ^ic ginger iffielcfie^ ift fitib bixnn. unb ba^ ift bie linfe §anb. SBir ]f)aben aud^ s^ei iBeine unb ^toei giifee. ^laben jtoci %VLQtn. T)k Hugen. Wftit ber §anb fd^reiben toir. 5(ufge^afit! Wit 93?anner. Stci^tung! SBie biele S<i^^^ ^ciben ©ie? ©er Sc^^^ ift fpife nnb fd^arf. 3fi8ti^» SSir ]f)akn stDeiunbbreifeig iESie finb bie 386«c. !D^it bie €>l^ren unb bie 92afe finb im (^t^ fi*t ben tDtr. tun tviv tnir. SKir l^aben eine 92afe. Tilt beifSlugen S^ei Dl^ren. grauen unb ^inber mir. !Da^ ift ha^ red^te ^ein. nic^t SBa6 tut man mit ben gingem? !Die SD^it e(ftg* ben gingem fill^tt man. Tlit ben ^einen unb giifeen ge{)en mir. fel^en SSir atle l^aben aud^ Tlit ben £)l^ren l^oren tt)ir.

ilBtr l^aben aud^ einen biele gopf« 5luf bem ^opf ftnb Smct. !Dte Hrmc unb bie ^elne finb ©lieber* Hlle ©tieber bilben ben ^orper. 5ln ben giifeen tragen )Dir ©triimpfe nnb ift (Sd^ul^c* SDer <Sc^u]^ ift bicf. .36 ^ix iJSir lecfcn ble ^tppen mit bcr gunge ^ 9)?lt betn SO^unbe (mit ber (Stmtme) fprec^en aud) gmet Hrme. ^a6 ^aar f)at biele Jarben* 2(uf bem ^opfe trn^ett tDir einen §ut. bie (bie 2ippt. ber ginger. 3)er 5lrm tx)ir. gippen bie ginger bie B^^i^^ Gen. ber S^tin). aber ber (Stmmpf bUm Declension in the Plural Norn.pber ein ©lieb. f)aben ift ba6 gJiil^.

ber Garten. be^ i^inger^. (ber greunb). ber ginger. .37 Decline in the plural like bcr (a) f^itigcr: ber ^orper. ba^ <SpieI. ber ^opf. ber ©trumpf. genitive. ber 2^ag. SKdnb. ber gefirer. etc.ber bie §anb. ha^ iBein* (jb) with Umlaut (bie S^^^&* ^ut. and accusative plural always the same with any noun? Do English nouns ever form the plural by Umiaut? Illusof the Most tive plural are of trate. ber ^ippen. bie ber @o()n.^ grftulein. nouns that take the ending -c in the nominawhat gender? Are the nominative. ba. (b) with Umlaut (tt. il): ber 3Sater. ©ommer. bic SJhitter and bic Xo(3i)ttx* Do these nouns take an additional ending to form the plural? What What nouns? How many did you notice about the dative plural of feminine nouns are in this class? are the nominative singular endings of all nouns? these all Decline in the plural like bcr S^^^* (a) without Umlaut: ber Hrm. ber SSinter. ber £)nfel. bie !2ippe. ber gufe. ber ©driller. ber ba^ 9}Jabc^en.2lppe. \>a^ 3a()r. bie Suft. Give the principal parts of nouns as follows: bie . ber 53ruber. ber (B^u'i).. o. bie ginger. bie ^a^t.

Declension of t>a^ ^inb in the Plural. bet ben ^inbem? ^inber? !Der ^el^rer ftef)t bei ben ^tnbetn* SBer SSir ftel^t unb unb l^ort bie fef)en l^oren bie ^inber. Nominative .38 beginners' GERMAN t)ier5eljnte 2lufgabe Sluf^affcn! me !Die iEBcr l^cifeen biefc belben ^Inber? ^ie ^inbcr fieifeen ^an^ unb ber finb grilj* ' SSeld^e^ finb bie ^^amen ^inber? Seamen bcr ^inbcr fte{)t ^an^ unb gri^.

mixed declension? ba^ £)f)r)» ^anfseljnte 2lufgabe (Review) Classify all nouns into : A. S[Sieber!)oIung ber ganjen ^eflination ber (Mixed ^aupt- tDorter munblid^ unb f (firif tlid^ ! 3Barum S» f)ei6en Nouns pid auf beutfd^ ^aupttDorter? 58. er f)at 32 Bfi^tte. ^ic 5(ugen finb im ©eftd^t* tft !Die ^lufgabe be^ Oi&rc^ ju l^orcn* 3Bir l^aben stuei D^rcn* Why called should these three nouns be said to follow the so(ber ©taat.39 In what way do the masculine nouns of the weak declen- sion differ from the feminine nouns? Stc^tutig! ^ie ^oxmtx ^ic ©taatcn Often !Die tvxt^ ©taatCig ftnb btc ^iirger* 9^eh) g)orf unb 9^em ^erfei) (legen tm t)on ^Imerlfa. The -n the class (Weak declension. i(^ l^abe ^ippen. B. 1 I (1) the iV«-ending class (2) -C -cr class class (always (Strong d ' I ^ (3) the Umlaut) J -(c)^ genitive singular. garbe bc^ 3(«gc)^ tft oft blau. bu f)aft sef)n ginger. -(c)n nominative plural declension). . No Umlaut). 'ta^ 5lugc.

bu l^aft einen ^ruber. fie l^aben ftarfe ©Ileber* gem anbein plural in @ie (Change) ben (Singular in hen biefen ©ii^en (bie ©injaf)! in bie 3^ef)rsaW: id^ ]f)a5e eine 9^afe. 3* ^* 2Bir l^aben (gtoei 9lafen) 9lafen ufm. er l^at einen ^opf. h3ir t)aben tl^r 'i)abt fiitif ?el)rerlnnen.40 fie (ee) {)at t)ter 53iid^er. "ipiurar t)on „ein. ®ibt eg einen ein"? Tlan farm folgenben *^lural gebraud^en: einige Nominative Genitive einiger Dative Accusative 5Beantn)orten einigen einige Bk bie folgenben gragcn: i^omit SKomit SSomit iESomit fel^en toir? l^oren tdix? ri-ed^en tt)ir? fiil^Ien toir? SBomit J(f)jrietfen mir ? SBomit SBomit gelfien tnir? fprec^en iDir? beifeen h)ir? SSomit SBontit fd^reiben toir? . fie (e§) ]()at ein ^kb. eine. fed^S Sefirer. .

g. l^alten. neck). ©r l^at ein. Mil Tlit SD^lt ben ^cinben fann ic^ greifen.linfen 5lrm. bem SD^unbe fann ben Dl^ren fann id) l^oren ®nte ©priid^e. — — . Bet. td^ pfeifen. an§. (gr l)at @r f)at ein. SKir gel^en nadd bem SSeften gu nnferen greunben* . ift ©retfen !Der 9}Junb !Der (S)3mc^ mnb. 5U.BEGINNERS' GERMAN iSSelc^e^ ift 4I ober bie 3<iW bie garbe ober bie gorm ber ^tppen? ber ginger? ber ber 3^^^^? m^tx? tc^ fel^en. fiet^t fll^Ien. Icelfe ^ef)ren. and^ red^te^ iBein nnb mit £) — sefin .fleine 91 — nnb strei blane fd^one — S— . iinb anfter? Illustrate. ' 7^t E.runben ^opf mit ein.furgen ^aU (ber ^al^. gJt)ei §anbe gnte gtuei What case do these prepositions always govern: tntt.red^ten 5lnn nnb ein. — linfe^ iBein. tc^ Semen ®ie ^itJt^^' ttjenbifl: 9D^it ben 5(ngen fann "^^^ ^^^ Siifeen fann ge^en. nad^. toenn man pfeift fommt Don fpred^en* : Supply the missing endings or words in 3^X1^nabe f)at ein. ton.

@ept. 1911. am)! ber SSann begtnnt SSann tft ^tnter? iESann begtnnt ber griibltng? ufm.:age fiaben (Ste tft 36^en ©eburt^tag? iCSann SSaff)tngtong ©eburt^tag? SSann tft ^tncoto ©eburt^tag? @cben ®te hk rtc^ttge Hntmort tn bret ©tt^en (bcr. SBann SD^ein tft S^v ©eburt^tag? tft ©eburt^tag am jel^ntcn ^ctnuar. SBeld^c^ !I)atum l^atten mir geftem [gel)abt]? SSeld^eg Saturn toerben mir morgen l^aben? etc. (1870)). Hn tDeld^etn 3.42 BEGINNERS* GERMAN Scdjsetjnte 2lufgabe mttn ^orgen! c^ 3?ncn? SSie bcfin= ben ®ie @<jrc(ftcn XaQ tft l^eute? ^^i^^^ 'Saturn ift f)eute? ^^"^^ ^f^ mWv ^er ^er ^onner^tag. bcr 23. ben. . ber 2. SBetfinad^ten? tft 5In irelc^em 2:age ^^eujal^r? 9}^an miinfd^t fetnen greunben „®Iu(fIt(^e6 9^en* jal^r" ober ^'iProftt ^^eujal^r" nnb „5rof)Itc5e iE3etf)nac^ten»" ilBer(5er SBeld^er ^ag XaQ tft tft bcr 9?attonaIfetertag tn Hmertfa? ber ^^lattonalfetertag tn 3)eutfc^* lanb? (©ebangtag. 9^oDember 1911< mict)ie(te ift i)cute? M? breiuubstoansigfte 5^ot)ember. ©ie beutlic^tsy^ejijien eie bag ^eutige 'Saturn nod^ etnmal! h)ar geftern? tt)irb SBeld^eg SBeld^eg SSelc^cg !Datum Saturn tnorgen fein? n)ir Ifieute? !Datum ^aben §eute l^aben mir ben breiunbsrt)an3igften 9^ob.

guft ift m^I. 43 Ifiaben (Sie ober tdann gerien? ©eben (Sle. and (perfect) past participles placed Are they inflected as verbal forms? 5teb3ctjnte 2lufgabe SlufQc^jaftt! SS^ix tnoltcn ein neue^ ©ebid^t lemen: ^ie Sorclct (Sin ©ebtd^t. S^^eitag. nid^t an^ bem (Sinn. ber 23. ha^ man ftngen fonn. ber 22. ber 24. i(^ fotraurig bin. ba^ genaue !Datum an! NOTE PRETERIT PRESENT . .beginners' GERMAN iSSann f)aben ©ie fret. l^eigt ein !2ieb. 9^oD. !Donner^tag. 9^ot). Unb 3?m mf)ig fliefet !Der ©ipfel bee iBerge^ funfelt 5Ibenbfonnenfc^ein. unb e^ bunMt. S^^ttag.1911[gebabt].9^ot). ben24.9^ot). ()eute ift morgen toirb ( ) fein 3)onnergtag.(i)aben). ben23. ©cftem flatten tDir ( ) [gefiabt] f)aben ^eute mir TloxQtn tDerbenh)ir( )f)aben 9}?ittti30(^. 1911. 3c^ toerbe bie erfte ©tropl^e be^ ^i^iebe^ longfant borfpred^en. in Where are German? infinitives Illustrate. 1911. (Sin 5[)^ar(|en ^a^ fommt mir !3)te an^ alten 3^tten.9^ot). 1911. bitte. ^ot). fo ha^ <Sie nxic^ berftel^en fonneri: 3c6 !Da6 tceife ntc^t. (fein). ber D^^ein. FUTURE geftcm tuar 9JJittrt)od^. ben22. \oa^ foil e^ bebenten.

44 beginners' GERMAN SBeld^e SBorter fennen (Sie. l^eifeen* Man ba^ fagt: SSa^ l^eifeen? ift ba^ bebeuten. ru!)iG. ^er 93^iffiffippi ift aud^ ein glufe. fi^t auf einem iBerg (cf. ober bie erfte ©tropl^e beg Siebeg ftngen! Diele ^ieber l^aben mir fc^on augtoenbig ge* lemt? ©ingen ^iftat! Bk O ^annenbaum no(^ einmal! S^ tDerbe 3I)nen bie erfte Gtropl^e beg neuen !Oie* beg biftieren! . bie Lorelei. D^u^ig bebeutet ftill ©ie !0orelei . eg gli^ert. @r ift ein glufe. unb h)o ftnb fie bor* Qefommen? SBeld^e iESorter fennen (Sle nid^t? !Die SBorter: bebeuten. ein (Btrom. SBebeuten f)ei6t fo t)lel iDie: fagen. (g^ funfelt e§ fd^eint. eine Segenbe. aber er fliefet fc^nelL S5erftel)en ^it iefet alleg? ©e^en ben ^k bie le^ten stoei 3^^^^^ ^^^ i^orelei in *!|3IuraI! 3e^t ilBie tDoIIen toir ba^ ^kb. eg bli^t. ber ©ipfel. English: ice-berg) !Der ©ipfel bt§ ^erge^ ift: l^od^ oben auf bem 53erge» ^er gufe be^ iBerge^ l^eifet: ift: unten am (an bem) ^erge. i£3ag ift bag ©egenteil Don: traurig? SBo I)aben (Sie eg gelemt? filr SSag fonnen ®ie 3)er ^l^ein „eg bunfelt" fagen? fliefet rul)ig. ba^ 9}?ar(^en. funfelt. ober iDa^ foil iCSag loollen ©ie bamit fagen? foil ©in 5D2arc^en eine ©efd^ic^te. ber iBerg.

What kind of verb is birf|ten? And fterfien? Are they both transitive verbs? Note auxiliaries. ^Beenbigen fommt i)on @nbe» 58eenbigung l^eifet ettoa^ beenbigen. (@r)sa^Ien fommt bon S^^^ SSieber^oIung? ift (Sr^al^tung l^eigt etrtia^ erja^Ien* ^a^ Sttfo: ift bie ^k Lorelei nac^ ber l^egenbe ein fd^one^ Wixb- d^en mit golbnem ^aar» ©ie ft^t oben auf . ^einric^ §eine tDurbe 1797 geboren unb ift tm ^al^re 1856 @r lebte alfo bon 1797 bi^ 1856 unb geftorben. aber im ^a^vc 1856 geftorben. ^^ ift feiner fd^onften im 3^af)re fd^oner unb be[fer aU t)lele feiner Sieber. dx i\t ber 3)i(^ter be^ fd^onen ©ebtc^te^. njurbe faft 59 3af)re alt* ^ie Lorelei t[t etn§ unb beften ©ebic^te. gragcn unb %nttoovicn S* ^» ^er f)at bie Lorelei gebid^tet? uftD.BEGINNERS' GERMAN 5(ti^tunfl! 45 bte $emri(^ ^eine gefc^rieben fiat ha^ fd^one 2kb. ober Qebic^tet. bie Sorelei. Where is the negative nicf|t placed? ^Id^tjctjnte 2lufgabe ba^ 2kb. Lorelei. ©eten ®ie aufmerf= §eute Inerben n)ir beenb^iL_^- ^^^r beenbigen! S<^ tDerbe S^ntn ba^ SD^drd^en bon ber Lorelei er- jogen. NOTE er i)at er ift ha^ ©ebic^t gebid^tet.

ju ber fc^onen Lorelei empor (Sr \id)t nur fie altein an. iESag fonnen ^k ftatt bte ftatt t^r friftdnfte ^wngfrau fagen? SBa^ fonnen (Sie goIbne^@efrf|meibc fagen? ^a^ iffia^ fonnen (Sie fonnen ©ie ftatt ibli^et fagen? ftatt gchjaltige SJlelobei fagen? (Singen ®ie bie 5((^tttttg ! ^toeite @tropf)e! !Die britte unb le^te (Strop!)e lautet fo: ^en ©d^iffer im fleinen ©d^iffe SBel^. Untcn flicfet ber fe^r ftarf smifd^en l^ofien gelfen (rocks). ^anb. ©o ftirbt ber (Sd^iffer in ben ilBellen be^ ^l^ein^* St>relei lautet: 5fufmcrf* !Die stceite ©tropl^e !Die fd^onfte bon ^ie fam fcitil ^ungfrau fi^et ^oxt oben n)unberbar. Sr f(^aut nur l^inauf in bie §o§. Unb fingt ein 2kh ^a^ ^at dm munberfame. l^ort tnit rrtcid^tiger 5D?eIobie» (Sc^iffe. in fieJit feinem fleinen einem ha^ ^kb unb (l^inauf). . (Srgreift e^ mit toilbem (Sr fd^aut nid^t bie gelfenriffe. unb fo ger- fc^ellt (serbrid^t) fein ^oot an bem gelfen. ®ie fcimmt ©ie l^ammt if)v e^ golbene^ ^aav. ©emaltige Tldobd. ^omit fie i^r golb^ ®ie fingt ein munberDoIIe^ (Sin (Sd^iffer in (Sd^iffc^en. glug T)k Sorelel f)at bli^enbe 3uh)e(en unb I)at einen gol* bcnen ^amm in ber ne§ i^ieb §aar fammt. 3]^r QoIbneS ©efd^meibe bli^et. mit golbenem ^amme babei.46 BEGINNERS^ GERMAN einem 33ergc am ^^dn.

unb bort finb fed^g genfter. (gr f(^aut fo btel mie? bie fonnen (Sie fagen anftatt: ^tUtn ber* fd^Itngen am Snbe ©c^iffer unb ^ai)n? iE3e^^alb ftirbt ber ©d^iffer? ©ingen Piaffe! (©te bie le^te (Stropf)e ber Sorclet! flir Unfere 5lufgabe 3)ie morgcn ift: 2ovdd ganj augh)enbig ju lemen unb fd^reibcn 3U fonnen. 3ft e6 ein §eft? 9^ein. ^er 5C3a^ (Sd^iffer l^at alfo (Sefinfud^t ift (longing). (Bk finb grog. neun3eljnte ^lufgabe Slt^tung! 5E3ag l^aben (©ie ba liegen? 3)a6 ift ein ^u^. 3d^ fel^e l^ier aud^ ein ^ilb.beginners' GERMAN 47 3^ gtaube. be^l^alb fage id^: ^tel^en (Ste auf! id&: 3u einem ^inbe fage 3u ^inbem fage id^: fte^e) auf! ftel^t auf! . eg ift fein ^eft. S8ud&? ^3ft e^ 3^a. fonbem ein 53ud^. bit SSellen berfd^Iingen (Sd^iffer $(m @nbe unb ^al^n. e^ S^x ift mein ^ud^. ^aS ^crr papier barf aber nid^t {)erumliegen! ^A (Stel^en ©ie auf id^ ! (Sagen ©ie: ftelfie auf. Unb ba^ ^at mtt i^rem (^ingen !^ie i^orelei getan.

43 BEGINNERS' GERMAN ^tf)mtn <Bit. ftel^en!) (Se^en ©le (^leiben ©ie (Sie miiffen fagen: id^ fe^e tnid^. 3art)o{)l. ober madden auf! (Sie 3^t ^uc^ 3d^ offne mem 33u(5 ©ie ober mad^e mein ^ud^ auf. 3f)r i8uc^I 3d^ net)me ntcin Sud^» fiffncn ©ie 3^^r^uc&. bie @inb t)iele (Seiten in ^l^rem ^ud^(e)? oiele meinem ^ud^ finb 3eigen (Sie mir S^v ^ud^! 3^ h^iQ^ S6«cn mein ^ud^. hlau ober rot? ^ud^ rot. SSeld^e garbe l^at 3^v toax mdb? ©tunben mug e^ beffer ge^en! ^a§ (^§ 3n toie ein paar nic^t^! ift nid^t unaufmerffam (Sie fein fonneni 5U glaubeti. iESelc^e^ garbe 3^re« SBud^e^? ^le garbe metne^ iBud^e^ ift rot. !Dag toar ntd^t f(^i)n! libel. . ober madden ®ie 3&t: i8ud& su! Q^ fd^Itefee je^t tnetn 53ud^ ober mad^e tnein ^ud^ J^egen (Ste 3]^r 53ud^ l^tn ober loeg! 3^ lege metn ^ud^ ftd^! f)m. bitte. ©d^Iiefeen je^t 3f)r iBuc^. ba^ tear gut! S^ mufe ©ic loben (praise)! Sraulein ^*' 3ft 3f)v aj^ein m^ tft ift griin. in ©eiten. ^xdnUin ^^^ ©ie l^aben ein fd^one^ ^leib an. 2(uf|jaffen! i(^ offnc mein iBud^.

(Sc^reiben ^onjugationen l^in! p $anfe! ^0^ cinmal! 3c^ 5353^^. n^ad^e ic^ Sufammen: ^ege mein §eft nic^t anf. offnen U)vt iBiic^er* ^onjugtc^ ren ®ie allc t(^ fc^Iiefee t^o^ mein genfter. offnet i8u*. Scorer utib Piaffe: er offnet fein 58ud^. I (Sie offnen fie Q^xt ^Bud^er. f{e I i^r e^ offnet fein ^nc^. bein. f if)r offnet eure iBltd^er. lege je^t mein ^ud^ je^t f)in? j^gt jefet fein iBud^ ^in? iSSa^ legft bn SBol^in legt if)r {e^t eure ^ixd^er? SBann legen iSSie )Derben fein ©ie S^vt ^iid^er {)in? nnb mein. t^r befliniert? SKarum nennt man fie ©in^SSorter? SBeld^e^ finb bk (gnbungen be^ $rafen^? NOTE Can an adverb from its separate the inflected form of the predicate subject in German? Is it possible in English? Illustrate your assertion. cucr. toir offnen nnfere iBiid^er. .49 Seftrcr: bu [ offneft bein 58ud^. fein. nnfer. mein ^ilb ®ie biefe ic^ fteKe nic^t toeg (ftelten l^eifet tegen). mein 'ipapier {)in? 3(^ l^abe mein ^(eib an.

hjell fie an ber SBanb SBarunt Sraulein (Stel^en ift l^eifet ^ie ^arte aud^ bie SBanbfarte.so BEGINNERS GERMAN git)an3tgftc 2Iufgabe SCufgc^iafft! SBag fe^en <Bk ba? 3ft eg eine Xa\d ober eine Stavte? T)a^ tft eine 3:afel. !2efen ®ie. 2)u fd^reibft ufto. me 3ft !^ie ift bie treibe? ober fd^toars? ift fie iDeife ^reibe iDeife. SBir an ber Stafel . ^ie 3:afel ^ti^t aud^ bie ^anbtafel. 9lef)men ©ie bie ^retbe ober ein bie <BtM ^reibe in §anb! fc^nett bie 3d^ nel^me ^reibe in bie $anb. aber bie S^inte ift fd^trars. feine ^arte. toaS ftel^t! ftelfit. bie 2:afel nic^t ioeig. toag an ber Xafel lefen.ur. bie fonbem fd^ioar^* (Sd^reiben ©ie an an ^afet bie ^iir! 3d^ ^raffe! SSeiter fortfaftrcn! 5(ttc! fd^reibe bie 2^afel bie $i. ufh)» 3c^ ^kffc: ftel^e !Du fte^t auf @ef)en @ie fc^nell an bie ^afel! Q6) ^taffe: gel^e fd^neK an bie ^afeL !5)u 9ef)ft fd^nelt an bie ^afel ufm. 3ft bie ^afel toeife? ift 5^ein. Ifieifet fie fo? ®ie auf! auf.

er gel^t in feine fie ge{)t ^anf. ge^en in il^re ^(tnfe. 5((6tuttg! (Sef)en @ie bort bie ^ie (^tange ftel^t in einer ©tange? ddt biefer ©tube. SSie biele (Scfen l^at bie ©tnbe? Sraulcin . \ in il^re i eg Gef)t in feine iBanf . in I <Sie gel^en fie S^vt iBcinfe. f il^r gel^t in eure ^cinfe.BEGINNERS GERMAN ^egen ®ie bie 51 ^reibe tDieber fitn! ^6) maffc! JBccnbigen! f^rauteiti lege bie ^relbe mieber f)tn. h3ir gel^en in nnfere ^cinfe. bulegftufrt). ®e§en ©te in 3c^ Qel^e 3f)re iBanf I ^** ^taffe: in meine SBant beine bu ge^t in r ^anf. ^anf.

Scorer unb tlaffe: r id^ nef)me meine geber. auf. mam SBetter! bu fii^Ift bld^ ftarf ift ufm. mad^e fie auf. bu nimmft beine geber. tun! id^ ftel^e auf.! (Stef)en <Bk unb madden ®te it)a^ (Sie bie ^llr auf. benn bie Suft ift fd^Ied^t. ift jefet 3)ie 3:ur id^ au. eg nimmt feine geber. j I nimmt feine geber. fie nimmt il^re geber. ie^t gu.52 ^laffc! Scrttg beginners' GERMAN bu befinbeft bid^ uftt)» 5ii()len (Sie ftd^ ftarf ober fd^trad^? 3d^ fU^Ie mtc^ ftarf. graulcin ^lopfen (Sie an bie Xiir! 3^ Sei^rcr: flopfe an bie ^iir. Xnv ^crr S5. id^ gel^e an bk XiXv. !Da^ :Dte ble ift ^Ur. ©agen ®ie ©chiller: jebe^mal. er lt)ir nef)men unfere %tbevn ufm. S^ Qtf)t (mieber) surlid^ in nteine ^anf unb fei^e mid^» bu Serttg maci^en! ftel^ft auf ufft). ^ann £)l fage id^: „§erein! ©ie finb eg?" 9^ef)men (Sie 3^vt geber! 9}^an fd^reibt mit (ber) geber unb 2^inte. tr)ir 2Bo l^aben ntmm gel^abt? .

[^ tc5 meine ©efd^id^te. . eiu 3:ifd^. of root-vowel e into i (te) in the second and third ^onjugic^ rcn etc: i(^ gebe il^m meiti 58ud^. 5^ fpri^ft er fprid^t !Deutfd^ ufm. - 3d^ an bem ^if(§ unb auf bem ©tul^L an bem ^ifd^ unb auf bem id^ i£3o fi^e ic^? ©ie ft^en (Stulfil. . ^a^ i£3a^ ift ber ^leiftift! bie ift garbe meine^ iBIeiftift^? ©run. mt 3)ie ift bie gorm be^ 5tifc^eg? 3ft er runb ober edig? gomt fi^e be^ 3:ifd^e^ ift edig. 2:if(^. jefe felfie bu bu Qtbft lieft . <Sd§n)ars. Note the change singular present. mein ^ilb. blau. 3)eutf(^. . ift ift mein e^ 3ft e^ ein ©d^rauf ? ^yietu. ift feiu (Bc^ranf. iffio liegt braun ober gran? iBIeiftift? mein . fonbem ein ^ifd§. 2Bof)in fe^e 'Bit fe^en fid^ 5(ttf))affen! mid^ je^t? je^t an ben 2:ifd^ unb auf ben ©tul^t. bu ficl^ft (Sie miiffen alle^ milublic^ uub fd^riftUd^ madden! €tnunb3rt)an3tgftc 2lufgabe Stufgc^jafet! !Da6 3)ag (gg tft ber Zi\i^. gelb? tneife. rot. .BEGINNERS GERMAN Setter: ^taffc unb Scorer: 53 ©prec^en ®ie ^eutfc^? ic^ fpred^e ^eutfd^.

NOTE What is the difference between the possessive adjectives and the possessive pronouns? ^affen @ie ^er <^"f* Xi\<i) ift l)oc^. ein ^orb fur bag papier 3tt cinem 8rf|uler: Xragen i(^ (Sie ben fd^hjeren ^orb t)or ben ©c^ranf! Scorer unb tiaffe: trage ben bu er tragft ben (fie. Sin folc^er ^orb lieifet aud^ ein ^apierforb. tddl e§ ift. ift aber ber ^Btubil tft ntebrig* tft 2)er Zi\(^ nal)e bei mir. fatten Bit ben ^orb l)inter ben <Btnf)U 3^ fjalte ben ^orb l^inter ben (Btu% fte^t ber ^o !Der . ioir il^r tragen bie ^orbe Dor bie (Sc^rftnfe. eg) ^orb bor ben ©d^ranf. tragt ben ^orb bor ben ©d^ranf.S4 BEGINNERS GERMAN 35r iBIeifttft liegt idfi auf bem Zi\ii). tragt bie (Sie tragen bie fie tragen bie ^orbe Dor bk ^^vixntc. 3ft ber (Sel^en SD^it ed^liiffel im ©d^ranf? ^orb? @ie l^ier ben SBifd^er nnb bort ben bem SBifd^er tDifd^en tdiv bie ^tafel ab. ^orbe Dor bie ©c^rftnfe. iESol^in lege meinen ^(eiftift? ^leiftift auf (©ie legen 3^ren ben Xi\^* 3ft biefer ^leiftlft nxetnct ober ber feme ober ber ber meine !Diefer ^leiftift ift unb nlc^t ^l^rer. aber ber ©c^ranf fern (h)eit ah) Don nxir. ^orb Dor btn ©d^ranf. ^orbe Dor bie ^Sc^rdnfe. moxmn ^orb jefet? ^orb ftef)t je^t Dor bem (Sd^ranf.

er gel^t tDieber auf feinen ^lai^. Ux^mlicn^ toir fallen bie ^orbe f)inter bie ©tilfire ufm» SSo ift ber 3efet tft ^orb jefet? ber ^orb l^inter bent ©tnl^L ®e]()en (Sie mteber auf ^l^ren "ipia^! 3^ Slttc. |^?ff^^ e^) ^alt htn ^oth (ilnter ben ©tnf)!. \ (Sie toafdien fid^ bie fie tDafd^en fid^ bie §aare» fd^riftUd^: ^onjugicrcn Sie in berfelben SBeife mllnbli^ unb id^ mafd^e mir ben ^opf ufm. hjcttcr! ( gel^e tDieber gel^ft auf ntelnen *i(3la^» bu mieber auf beinen ^lal^. bie (bie $aare). e^ 9ef)t iDieber auf feinen ^la\^. if)r n)af(^t eud^ bie §aare. ba^ §aar. bu fefe(ef)t ^la^ uftt). ba^ §aar. h)ir Qti)tn tcieber auf unfere *ipia^c uftt)» ©e^en ©ie fid^ auf ^fjxtn ^lai^l 3^ ^(affc! t^ertig fe^e mic^ auf nteinen bid^ auf beinen ^la^. fie gel^t I I tuieber auf if)ren 'ipia^. §aare. as imperatives? Which two verbal forms may be used singular present. id^ fd^Iafe gut in nteinem ^ett ufiD* . ^^ h)af(f)(ef)t bir ba^ ^aar. 55 bu er * l^attft (fte. ben ^orb f)mUv ben ©tul^I. mac^cn! ^o^^.beginners' GERMAN SScitcr. Observe the change of root-vowel o into S in the second and third ^oniugic* rcn Sic: r id^ loafc^e mir ha^ $aar ba^ §aar. er mafc^t fi(^ fie inafc^t fic^ I I eg iDcifd^t fic^ tdiv n)af(^en f un^ §aare (bag §aar).

56

BEGINNERS' GERMAN
©rgfifiten

(Bit erft,

unb bann

fc^relbcn ©ic, h)a«

<Bk

am Xaqt
(Sic

tun!
ftd^, effen

SESann \k\)tn <Bk auf, tDafd^en (Sie
gel^en

©ic,
nad^

in

bie

©d^ule,

fommen

(Sie

^aufe, arbeiten unb fpielen
SBett?

(Sie, gef)cn

©ie

p

iSBann Qel^cn (Sic in btc ^irc^e?

SBa^ tnn
3(^ ftel^c meinen
auf*

(Sie,

urn ha^ '^apkv anfpl^ebcn?

auf, id^ trete
"^lal^,
ifi)

aug ber ^anf,

ic^

berlaffe

biicfe ntid^, ic^ l^ebe

ba^ papier
auf meinen

3c&

rid^te

mid^ auf,

id^
id^

gel^e

*il3Ia^, id^ trete in bie

^anf,

fe^e mid^»

^oniugicrcn

<Bxt bie^

ju (Snbe milnblid^

unb

fd^riftlid^!

NOTE

What

is

the only true reflexive pronoun?
is it

With what person
Is it declinable?

used?
indefinite subjects?

Are t§ and ha§ variable as

Can you now

decline the personal

pronouns?

Singular
ist

Person

beginners' GERMAN

57

gtpeiunbjtpanjigfte 2lufgabe

©inb
Hber

atte

toer meife,

ba,ober felfilt j[emanb? tok an\ englifd^ l^etfet: SSa^
blefe grage in^ (Sngltfd^e,

fel^It

3f)nen?

Uberfe^en ©te

Unfcr Sc^ulsimmcr

Unfcr <5c^ulstmmer befmbet
ijtcr
ift

fic^

im

©d^ull^aug*

(g^

f)at

SBanbe, einen

gupoben unb

eine !^ecfe.

^er gufeboben
fieifeen.

unter un^, bie ^edfe liber un^»

2ln ben ilSanbett beftnben

ftc§ bie 2:afeln, bie be^f)alb au(§

SBanbtafeIn

5In ben

iBanben Wngen au(^ ^ilber.
be6
fter.
)i?e]^rerg»

5Sor ber Piaffe fte^t
Ifiat

bag ^ult

^a^ ©(^ulsimmer
fuf)rt

eine ^iir

^n

ber linfen ©eite finb bie genfter,

unb fUnf gen* an ber red^ten ift
Sid^t

bie XViv.

^ie ^iir
t)on
bie

auf ben
nic^t

©ang,
bon

^a^

fommt
fel^en

in

bag 3tnxmer

linfg,

rec^tg»

SBir

ben

§immel unb
mer

SSoIfen burc^ bie genfter,

Unfer ©c^ulsint*

ift t)ierecfig,

i£3ag

flir

(Sadden ober ©egenftftnbe fel^en toir in

unferm (Sdfiulsimmer?
3^tf(§en
toelc^en

^i^^^nt

ift

unfer

(Sd^u(==

gimmer?
9^eben melc^em

3ft

bie 3)e(Je
ift

3^^^^^ tft unfer Sc^ulsimmer? oben ober unten?
bie genfter auf ber linfen

SBo

ber

gupoben?
©eite ber

SBarunt finb

©c^ulftube?

Tlan fann fommt,
(gg
ift

beffer lefen, tnenn

ha^

!2i(^t

t)on linfg

beffer fitr bie

lugen.

5^
SKag

beginners' GERMAN
fel^en tnir burd^ bie genfter? 3Bte fonnen irir ftatt unfcr ©djulstmmcr fagcn?
fiir

ilBa^
(gin

ein

dimmer
ift

ift

ein

©d^ulsimmer

ein

8d)ulsimmer? ^ii^^er in bcr ©d^ule

filr bie (Sd^iiler,

©el^en

^k

ie^t in bie

©d^ule?

3ah)of)I, i(^ 9ef)e je^t in

bk

@d^ule»

iESa^

filr

ein SBoben
ift

ift

ein

gupoben?
giifeen,

(gin gufeboben

ber
ift

^oben nnter ben
ber ^apierforb?

SSag
SBag

fiir ein I^orb fiir

ein

Xu<^

ift

ba^ 2:afd^entud^?
lE)aben

giir bie

(SW)

^ofe

®ie

ein 2:af(^entud§ in

ber ^afd^e.

^a^
SSa^
SS^o

fiir

eine ^afel
ift

ift

bk Sanbtofel?
an ber SBanb*

^k iffianbtafel
fiir

eine ^afel
ift

eine

U^r

bk iCSanbu^r?

ift

bie

^laffenn^r?

ma^
iESag
(S«

fiir fiir

ein

m^
md)

ift

ein

ba^ ^opfirel^? So.^nm'^? ift ba^ ^ilberbud^?
•"

ift

ein

«ud^ mit iBilbem,
eine ^eit
ift

©ommerseit? !Die (Sommergeit ift bk ^eit be^ ©ontmer^. 5Bag fiir eine 3eit ift bk ilSinterseit? ^erbftaeit?
fiir

SKa^

bie

grii^Iing^Seit?

SKo
(gin

l^aben tdiv

©ommersett

gelfiabt?

iffia^ fiir ein

^itnmer ift ^abegimmer ift ein ^intmer sum-^aben,"^ '^ SSa^ fiir ein ^itnmer ift ein SBol^ngimmer?
(®ie iDo^nen in
iSBa^
filr

ein iBabe jimnter?

Q^vtm

^aufe.)

ein ^iinnter

ift

benn ein ^fegimmer?

SBo

finb

@ie je^t?

3?d^ bin je^t in

meinem ©c^ulaimmer*

59
^onjugtc^
ten @ie ba^

!Du

btft je^t

in beinem ©c^ulalmtner uftD,
^^^

(g^^^^^

(gle

^Befdjreibung

unfere^

©(^ulsim-

S^reiBcn @ie bie
^otijuga*
^^^'^
*

^^^^

^" ^^^ plural!

(Srft miinbltd^,

bann

fcfiriftlid^!

iBefc^reiben (5te gi^r (Sc^ulstmrtter, ober geben (Ste

un^

elne iBef d^relbung

bon S^rem ©c^ulsimmer ; Don 3]^rem i3Bof)natmmer;
t)on

3^rent ^abeslmmer!
fd^riftlic^!

S^atitrlid^

immer

miinblid^

unb

NOTE

What can you
E.g.

say of compound nouns?

Which

factor

(component) determines their gender and

their declension?

Which component has the accent? How does the first component affect the meaning compound noun?

of the

When

do the prepositions
an, auf, Winter, ncbcn, in,
iiber, unter, t)or

unb

shJifcftcn

take the Dative?

Do you

ask where or whereto?

When do these prepositions take the Accusative? Illustrate. $ISie fragen (Sic: SKo ober n»of)in?
From now on encourage the students to ask questions on the reading texts, so as to stimulate their natural interest
and
curiosity

and

to develop their

power

of expression.

6o

Dreiunb3U)an3tgfte Jlufgabe

3n

unferer Piaffe ftnb je^t noc^ 16 (Sc^iiler, b.

1^,

^naben
alfo gu-

ober 3ungen, unb

28

©c^iilerinnen, b.

1^,

'iffliib^tn,

fammen 44
©d^iilerlnnen,

©d^iiler,

SBir

flatten

suerft

49

(Sd^liler

unb

iESir fi^en
t)iele

auf ^cinfen, metften^ siDei auf elner
^ild^er ttov un^, ober fein
ftnb,

^anf*
offen,

SBir §aben
h)eil

^ud^

tft

iDir

gang

aufmerffam
jefet

^le

^ef)rerin

ober

eine ?e§rerln leJirt

un6

^eutfc^,

SSir

(©driller

unb ©d^ii*

lerinnen lernen je^t ^eutfd^ in ber ^d)ult.
l^atten

3Sor

sh)et ^cil^ren

mtr nod^ fein !Deutfd^.

ilKir lernen !Deutfd^ tierftel^en,

fpred^en, fd^reiben

unb aud^
gctlfilen,

lefen, tda^ bie

^auptfad^e

ift.

iEBir

fonnen aud§ beutfd^

red^nen

unb

fingen,

iCSir fd^reiben

getDofinlid^ ntit ^leiftift,

aber ntand^ntal aud& mit geber

unb

XinU*
fret»

%m

<©onnabenb

unb ©onntag
Diele ©driller

l^aben

n)ir

intmer

©agen ®ie,
$aben
SBann

tt)ie

unb ©d^ltlerinnen in

^l^rer eignen Piaffe finb!
(Sie einen beutfd^en Sefirer ober eine beutfd^e

!2e]f)rerin?
Ifiatten (Sie

nod^ fein ^eutfd^?
l^attc id^

58or einem 3af)re

nod& fein !Deutfd^»

Secret unb
Piaffe:

'^u
^^

Ifiatteft t)or

einent Saf)vt nod^ fein 3)eutfd§,

(f|e,

e^)

l^atte

dor einem 3af)re nod^ fein

^DeutfdEi;

toir l^atten

Dor einem ^al^re nod^ fein ^eutfd^,

J I

il^r

^atttt Dor
l^attcn

einem

^cil^re nod^ fein ^eutfd^,

®ie

bor einem 3cii)vt noc^ fein ^eutfd^,

fie l^attcn

Oor einem ^al^re nod^ fein !Deutfd^,

. Change the last four sentences into the singular! E. bie — fpred^en. fagen. offnen. 5Imerifa h)o]^Tien ^merifaner. bu ntac^teft bie gmeite 5Iufgabe ufm« : Conjugate similarly in full sentences legen. lefiren.g. bet [^ ^attt mein iBud^ mir. ber ^eutfd^ fprid^t ufh3. granfreid^ h)ot)nen grangofen. 3n !Deutfd^Ianb loofint ber ^eutfd^e. bie grangofifd^ fpred^en. td^ mad^te bie erfte 5lufgabe. What is the force of the adjective-ending -iW? . bie ^eutfd^ fpred^en. bie (Snglifd^ [prec^en.beginners' GERMAN ^onjugic' ren ©ic 61 3^ lemte t)or einem Qa^vt nod^ fetn !Deutfd^ ufm. ftellen. NOTE What SSa^ SSag SSag are the endings in the preterit? Ief)rt Ie{)rt Ie()rt Ie{)rt t)lele <Bk ber ©te ©ie englifd^c l^el^rer? ber fransofifd^e !2ef)rer? ber grtcc^ifc^e l^el^rer? lateinifd^e 2ti)Xtv? SSag SSie @te ber ©chiller unb ©d^illerinnen ftnb in ^tittt englifd^en Piaffe? ufh). geigen. iaf)lmr red^nen. 3ti (Snglanb n)ol)nen ^nglanber. 3n 3n 3n ^eutfd^lanb h)of)nen !Deut[d^e.

(Sd^ulftuben* iiber unb unter ung liegen nod^ biete fiir Dl^ne biefe ^iitUn h)ir nid^t !)at genug $la^ unfere ©d^ulfinber. fo SESenn (Stodf* fommen tviv in ha^ (Srbgefd^ofe. ^enn ^au^tilr in ba^ ©d^ull^au^ treten. fommen n)ir ®ang ^nd^ Unfer ®ang ift lang unb breit. nid^t furs ^^^ fc^maL 3^t)If ©d^ul^ simmer liegen an unferem ©ange. er seigte il^m ben fie seigte ii)v ben ©ang. f)au^ l^at tjiele (Sc^ulsimmer. @ang. liber bem fid^ ber oberfte 2:eil be^ §aufe^» 58efd^reiben ba^ '^a<^ befinbet* ^a^ !Dad^ @^ l^at eine braune garbe* Sftr ®d^ulf)au6! Ifiat ift (Bk SSie biele ©d^ulsimmer SSSie biele e^? (Stodfmerfe? ilBeld^e 3eigen ©(filler: (Sie garbe? mir ben ®ang! ^l^nen (bir) ben ®ang» id^ s^tge 3d^ geigte ben @ang.:reppen l^od^. ^od& oben ift ber 58oben. fo fommen toir in ben erften toir SSir finb sn)ei 3. alfo im jlDeiten (Stodf* 3ebe^ fiif)rt (Stodftoerf f)at mel^rere ^laffenjimmer. ©dnge. ©ine ^reppe Don einem ©efd^ofe in ba^ anbere. eine 3:reppe f)od^ fteigen. 5^ief unten ift ber teller mit ^ol^Ien. toir seigten eud^ bie . Scorer: bu seigteft mir ben ®ang. Unfer ®d^ulf)au^ iDir burd^ bie filnf (Stodfmerfe ober ©efd^offe. §oIs unb anberen @ad^en.62 beginners' GERMAN Oierunb3U)an3tgfte 2lufgabe Unfer ©rfjutl^au^ "Unfer ^laffensiminer liegt in bent 'Bd)ulf}au^. SKenn auf ben toiv Unfer ©d^ul= au^ unferenx (B(^uU ober ginr* simmer 9ef)en.

urn biefen ^rief fiir mic& bem ^errn ^ireftor ftel^e (Principal) au iiber^ bringen? ic^ Derlaffe td^ gel^e Ic^ id^ 3^ auf. t(^ fc^Iiefee fie. td& bleibe id^ flopfe — bem ^ireftor^immer ftel^en.ur. unb fd^rift^* : in ben ^ipiural be^ ^mperfeft^ (preterit) f)at 3ebeg ©todtrerf anberen. 33erit)anbeln (Sie biefe (Bixi^t. Sel^rerpult. i(^ gel)e burc^ ben ®ang be^ oberen ®to(fe6. ge^e bie ^iir. menbe mid^ nad^ red^t^. tne^rere ^laffengimmer. an ba^ an nel^me ben ^rief. @in ^ireltor: ©driller h)irb gum ^ireftor emannt: . meinen ^la^. tnilnbtid^ 1x6). geigten i^nen bie ©ange. (Sine 3:reppe fiil^rt t)on — einem ©efd^ofe nad& bem 3Ba^ milffen ®ie tun. id^ gef)e bie td^ Xreppe f)innnter.. i(^ ()ffne bie 3.beginners' GERMAN xi)v fie 63 setgtet un^ bie ©cinge. bor an.

sentences for each preposition to illustrate its use. toix ()oIten unfere i8ild^er fiir fie. prepositions ol^ne. ba^ SSort gelemt. gegen. always take: fitr. ha^ SSort gelemt. bann SBo fiaben h)ir ohm gelemt? ^onjugicrcn ©ie milnblid^ unb id^ t)abt fd^riftlid^: bu er {)aft (fie. eg) {)at bag SSort gelemt. eg) f)atte bag Sort gelemt ufto. $err ^ireftor! Describe similarly the pupil's return to class with final dialogue between the teacher and the pupil. ^d) l^olte Tuein ^u^ fiir i^n. . (fenbc). Hblcu.64 (B^uUt: beginners' GERMAN S^ banfe fel^r. um nxtr nxein ^ud^ gu bringen. SBorter gelemt ufh3. h)ir fiaben bie id^ f)atte bu er l^atteft (fie. urn? Form E. NOTE Which case do the following burc^. ha^ SBort Qelemt. bag SSort getemt.g. Ijiolt SBcnn td^ if)n fd^trfc er mein ^ud^.

bie tinmen tragen. nid^t fo grofe anbere ©d^nlen. jieren ben ^of* ^efd^reiben ©ie S^re (Sd^nle! 3&re ©d^nle? ^ame nnb ba^ Hlter 3§rer (gd^nle? ift 3Bie ftarf ift bie ©d^iiler^^ nnb bie 2ti)vcviaf)l? liegt SBo SBa^ ber SSie lang ift 3^re (Sd^nle? fid§ ^a^ 2Bo befinbet nnx S^vt (Sd^nle? l^aben n)ir Soum ift gelemt? (Bit ift Unfere ©d^nle hjtc Diele nid^t flein. 53or ber ©d^nle ift ein fd^oner grliner gegen ©c^iiler ^^afenpla^. 3)te 8d^nle ift 100 gnfe lang. 5In tl^r unterrid^ten aufeer bem !Direftor nod^ 18 2t^xcv nnb 24 :2ef)rerinnen. Winter ber (Bd^nle beftnben !Der eine ift filr fid^ gmei (Sd^nlf)ofe ober ©pielptcii^e* bie bie SD^abd^en. nannt.65 Unfcrc ®rf|ulc Unfere (Sd^ule liegt an ber ^auptftrafee itnb l^ctgt Washing16 ton High School. ©d&nle in aber nid^t bie fleinfte ber @tabt» NOTE How lish? are the comparative in and superlative formed in Eng- And how German? Illustrate the comparison by using in sentences: . <Sie ift @ie i\t nad^ bent 33ater unfereS !Oanbeg beerbant. ift iDol^I Unfere ©c^nle fie ift fleiner al. fo bafe fie tm 3af)re 1895 al[o fc^on Sa^xt \k% @ie ^at jefet 29 ^Iaf[en nnb aa^lt ttm 1050 nnb <Sc^nIerinnen.^ mand^e (Sd^ulen. ber anbere fiir ^naben* (ginige iBaunte nnb ^flan^en.

66 h)artn beginners' GERMAN .

beginners' GERMAN 67 ©a^ Xi\(^. becomes: bamit. ^ienftrttabc^en fommt au^ ber ^iid^e unb becft ben ^ifc^ tntt einem Xii^tud)* 9^ac^ bent (Sffen ^ann fteKt blelbt man bei „$unger e^ bte Shelter auf ben gemiitlid^er Unterfial' tung noc^ tttda^ ft^en. . E. aber ein SSafferglag ift ein ®Ia« filr Staffer (pm SBaffertrinfen). iESag ift ber Unterfc^ieb 3n)if(^en: ®te Mld^ 5taffe ^affee J^offel unb gjJild&gto? unb ^affeetaffe? (Suppe unb ©uppenloffel? ^ottjugtcs id^ effe gleifc^ gem. ren Sic: 5^ |^t gleifc^ gem ufit). becomes what? bag Tlan trinft ^it ber ®abel. 2Sir effen bie SSir effen ©uppe mit einem fie ^offet.g. !Der !Dentf(^e fagt: tft ber befte ^o^" ^arum fagt er'ba^? i£3oniit e[fen tnir? SBorau6 trinfen SSorauf fterrt iDir? SO^cibd^en bie better? bag ©tellen @le gragen iiber bie ®egen[tanbe anf bent ©d^reiben 6te barliber! SBag ift ber Unterfc^ieb atuifc^en elnent (^M iE3af^ fer unb einem SSaffergla^? @in (^M SBaffer ift ein ®Ia§ boE ilSaffer. Substitute pronouns for nouns in the following sentences. becomes what? ben ^affee aug einer 2:affe. becomes: S^^if^^ 'ii)n 9}Jan trinft baraug. Tlan 9}?an gerf(5neibet ifet ba^ Rletfc^ mit bem 90?effer.

@trop!)e bat)on $man fie^t eg oft aU 3SoIMieb an: etiEe 9^ad&t. nic^t^. tna^ mal^r ift! — ^ag finb bie ©egenteile bon gar. fiav. <Bd)la\ in {)immlif(^er dlui)l . ^^ ober fie NOTE Are the indefinite pronouns man. Xoa^x? — Sviv ^Beil^nad^t^jeit unb befonber^ am SBeil^nad^t^* abenb fingen bie ^eutfc^en ein fc^one^ Sieb* bie erfte 3(^ merbe S^ntn mix gebcn. einfam toac^t 9^r ha^ traute. Do Do they refer to things or to persons? these compound expressions exist in English? Illustrate. (Sc^laf in {)immlifc§er diui).68 2Ba§ h)irb au«: beginners' GERMAN SSir trinfen ba« SSaffer aug einem ®Iafe? SSir trinfen bie SD^iI(5 au§ einem ®Iafe? !5)a« ©ienftmabd^en bedft ben 3:i[(^ mit einem Xm^? ^a« ©ienftmabd^en ftetlt bie Speller auf fteltt fie ben Xi\(^. Ifieilige 9^a(^t! 5lIIe6 fd&Iaft. becomes: barauf. au^wcnbig: ^^-t^f^ ^^^ ^^r ift. ein paar in- declinable? Of what gender are infinitives used as nouns? What is the agreement of personal pronouns in the third person with nouns to which they refer? When n)0+)? are the so-called adverbial compounds used (ba +. ]^0(^{)eili8e ^aar. Semen ©ie 36. etftja^. $oIber ^nabe im lodigen ^aar. h)a§ gar ift (gefod^t). ©prid^.

2tuk began^ nen ^u laufen. bafe xi)v nad^ §aufe fommt!" x6) 5lber ba mitten im Saufen nur ilber ben ^avft hdam ^c^ mnfete iiber s^ei bide D^egentropfen gerabe auf bie 9^afe! SIber ha^ rt)aren eine 3[)?encje. meine ^letber. unb ic^ Uef mit. *iI3Id^lt(^ ftel bie erften 3:ropfen getrefen. fo liefen tnlr auf bie ©trafee. 3)er ^egen fam in ©tromen. Wt . last Why? Give the principal parts as indicated on page 37. Se!)rer f)atte Qefagt: „9D^ac^t. ^(a^regctt ber ©(^ulftube tdax e^ in ber le^ten (Stunbe fal^ fel^r ^er ^tmmel benn un[er burc^ bie genfter tnie eine fc^trarsgraue SSanb. tioavm mir au^ ber (^c^ule. Stebenunb3U)an3tgfte Ztufgabe 3^ 3n ^aum toerbc ^l^nen etne ©efc^ic^te ersctfiten mit bem ZM: bunfel. meine Hrme. laut lac^en. is when it takes the place of are the various endings for the singular and plural? This adjective declension called the strong declension. two lines. aEe grofe unb hid unb toarm meinen ^opf.beginners' GERMAN iSStr 69 iDoKen ba^ 2kb au^lDenbig lernen unb ami) ftngen! flberfe^en (Sie bag ^teb! NOTE ber l^olber ^nabe ^nabe bic ftlKc 9^a($t ^^lac^t ba^ §aar lodigo^ §aar bie dtn^t How is an adjective declined the definite article? What Decline the above in full.

70 unb [^ faf) felnen ^lai^. ober toar eg iE5ie faf) ber ^tmntel aug? aug ber (Sc^ulc/ ober ©ingen SESarum bie ^tnber. difference between the preterits? . unb lefen ®ic ^ir madden fd^id^te* unfere ^Ixd^er auf unb an lefen bie ®e^ ©d^reiben (Sie nun bie 3Serbeffem (Sie ^el^t toerbe id^ (Srsftl^Iung bie ^afel! bag Hngefd^riebene! (5lugn)ifd^en!) ^l^nen bie gauge ©efd^id^te biftieren! NOTE Change the Do you see any tenses throughout the story into the present. gelber ®onnenftra{)l jmifd^en ben fd^tDarjen SSolfen Ifierbor. Stagen ^unfette eg in bent (Sd^ulsintnter. langfanx fte rannten auf bie (Strafee? lief en fie? SSag filr D^egentropfen befant ber (Sc^liler auf bie 5^afe? 5£Bar ber ^^egen fd^mad^ ober ftarf ? SBie ftarf ? SSo n)urbe ber ©d^liler benn nafe? SKag fam aber auf einmal aug ben iEBoIfen? Unb mag gefd^alf) bann? iESar bie (Strafee nafe ober trodfen? SSieberl^oIen (Sie bie ©efd^id^te mlinblid^! SJ^ad^en (Sie je^t bie ©efd^id^tel Sllaffe: Q^vt ^Ud^er auf. 9^ad^3Ife firepan. tt)o ic& -mic^ unterftettcn fonnte* "ipio^s lid^ fam em f)eller. fc^aute Uber ble naffe (Strafee unb — lad^te ble naffen !Beute au^.

orally and any Do you the E. and bag toavm bit erften 3:ropfen 0en)efctt. called Does the past participle with both augment? classes of verbs have a What is it? Is it accented? Is it a part of speech? . n)ir mar bu tf)r ttjatt hjaren in unferen ©cjuten. strong or weak verbs? Is there any similarity between English and German as to the conjugation of verbs? We i(5 conjugate: in meiner ©(5nle.g. toarcn in if)ren hjar in [einer ©d^ule. prefix. in beiner ©(^ule. eg fer hjar in Conjugate all the other strong verbs of the story in the in writing. ttiarft ©ie njarcn in 3f)ren @(5ulen. fie toar in i^rer (Sc^ute. fie ©d^ulen.BEGINNERS' GERMAN e6 h3ar er \ai) 71 ic^ id) lief !am and e6 ^attt er lernte ic^ aeigtc \^ lad^te? Do 3c^ id^ And M the latter have a tense-ending? the former? is lernte is said to said to be a 5/ro«g verb. in euren <Bd)ukn. see between weak and the strong verbs? S)er ^el^rer l^atte gefagt. Why? Are the so-called regular verbs weak? And the so-called irregular verbs strong? Are the verbs that modify the stem-vowel a into & and e into i(te) in the second and third singular present. feiner <Sd^nIe. difference in the past participle preterit. be a weak verb.

erfte (Strop]^e lautet folgenbemtagen: ftel^n. ftanb auf ber §eibe. moEte ha^ 9^o^^ lein bred^en* fleine 9?ofe aber vot^xit ftd^ unb ftac^ tl^n. ilSar fo jung !Otef unb morgenfd^on. coordinating conjunctions: unb. ^a^ (gin ^^o^Iein irar jung unb fo ^nabe benn er fal^ ha^ ^o^letn. (Sa^g mtt btelen greuben* ^o^Iein. obcr. orally and in writing. bcnn ber ^ejrer l^attc c8 gefagt. D^o^Ietn auf ber ^eiben. 2Bir the other conjunctions affect the order of words? Ilefcn toir Itefen auf blc auf bie ©trafee. bcnn cause any change of word-order in a sentence? Give illustrations. er fd^nelt. etn ^o^Iein. ! ©al^ ein ^nab' ein ^o^Iein D^o^Ietn auf ber §eiben. @r iDar XQxlh. O^o^Iein rot. !Dod^ ber iDitbe ^^o^Iein! ^nabe brad^ ba^ ^o^Iein tro^bent. ^rme^ ^ag ©ie ©ebic^t l^eifet ^etbcnrii^Icm. hit ber ^ic^ter ©oetl^e in etnem ^iebe befingt: (Sine fleine ^ofe. . unb ^te fo lief er fd^nell. but ©trage. eg nal)' gu fel^n. Do How? E. abcr.72 Do the pure.g. 9?ogIein. fc^on XQ\t ber frifd^e aj^orgen. ttjcil ber !Oef)rer c^ gefagt ^attc* 2ldjtunb5tt)an3tgfte 2lufgabe (Review) §cute tDcrbe x6) ^l^nen etnc einfad^e ©efc^id^te ersal^Ien. fonbcrn.

bred^e (fie. ^o^Iein auf ber $eiben. ©agen ^Bk: ba^ dlMtin fte^t auf ber ^eiben? er lief fagen? ilBa^ fonnen <Bk ftatt er fa^ unb (^d) ber iffiar ^nabe ba^ ^o^d^en gent? ba^ dlMdn fc^on ober l^afelid^? (Se^en @ie bte ttge '^vo\al SBerftel^en <Sie erfte ©tropl^e biefe^ ^iebeg in ric^^ nun bie erfte (Stropl^e ganj? ^ann mollen loir fie fingen! !^ie snjcite Btxop^t ift. e^) brid^t ba^ 9?o^Iein. S^o^Iein rot. 9^d^(ein auf ber ^eiben! 9^o^lein fprac^: id) ftec^e bid^. ^afe bu ert)ig benfft an ntid^. brid^ft ba^ S^o^lein. ^nabe fprac^: i(^ bred^e bic^. . ©ttJtg l^eigt: auf immer. ^o^lein. ha^ ba^ ^o^Iein fterben mu6? ^onjugieren Bit: i(i) bu er ba^ ^^o^Iein. Unb ic^ miir^ nic^t Ieiben» ^o^Iein. tDie folgt: 2. Jnir bred^en bie 9?og(ein ufto.beginners' GERMAN ^te §eibe l^eifet 73 auf engltfc^ the heath. ba^fetbe n)ie laffen* Scibcn ift f)ier 3 ft bie^ *!Profa:=i£SortftelIung: bafe bu eiuig benfft an nxi(^? ^enft ber ^nabe baran.

fte aud^ ftUQen! bie erfte ©troplE)^ augtoenbig ©ie unb ubemxorgen miiffen ©ie bag gauge Sieb augn)enbig iriffen unb eg auc^ an bie ^tafel fd^reiben fonnen! ©oetl^e. ^alf i^m bod^ fein 3Be]^ unb 5l(^. SBag tat ber ft(^ ^nabe mit bent dlMdn? ^k^ Zat ba^ dlo^ldn bag fein rul^ig gefallen? ^alf if)m aber bent ^lagen ettda^? ^naben bag dlMdn nic^t leib? S3erfte]^en ®ie je^t bte le^te <Btxop^e? !5)ann n)otIen trir 9[)?orGen mliffen Iriffen. ber grofete ^id^ter ^eutfd^tanbg unb l^at einer biefeg ber beften ^id^ter ber gangen iCSelt. 9?ogrein 9^ogIeln auf ber ^eiben* rot. :2ieb „§eibenrogIein" gebid^tet. ©ebic^teSr SSerftel^en (Bit bie slDeite (Btxo)(if)e beg !Dann ftiXQen iDtr ben stt)eiten 33erg baDon! Unb nun fomntt 3. . ^oglein.74 (gbenfo: BEGINNERS' GERMAN id) ftcd^e ben ^naben. bit britte unb le^te ©tro)3l^e: Unb ber h)ilbe ^nabe brad^ 'g S^o^Iein auf ber ^eiben. dlMtin. ^D^ufet' eg eben lelben. dx lebte 1749 big 1832 unb hjurbe beinal^e 83 3eber !^eutfc^e fennt bag „§eiben== 3ai)xt alt. ^o^Iein h)ef)rte ftc^ unb ftad^. ©oetl^e tourbe tnx ^al^re 1749 in granffurt am Tlain geboren unb ift erft inx alfo t)on Sa^ve 1832 geftorben.

mein §err. (gg tft einfac^ unb fel^r leic^t gu ^er grofee beutfd^e !Did^ter (Schiller tft gcl^Tt 3a{)re fpater al^ ©oetlfie geboren. flo^. fanb er ben Partner. stt)an3tg ^al^re ^ur ilSelt fam. ge* boren? ift ber ciltefle bon ben brei berlilfimten 3)J(in* nern? SBer ift ber jiingfte? {linger ober alter iBar ©driller aU ©oetl^e? ilBar 9^apoleon L ebenfo alt iDie (Sd^iller? NOTE Make a list of all the strong verbs in this lesson. h3af)renb ber grofee gran^ofe. n:eununb3U)an3Tgfte 2lufgabe $eute tDerbe td^ 3&nen eine furge 5lnefbote t)ortragen: ©bctmann unb ©in (Sbetmann ©arten. „(S(^urfe! !Du liegft l^ier. SovniQ ging er rief: auf U)n log unb beiten. 9^apoleon fpciter al6 ®oet()e I. (ber @rfte). SBann iEBer finb ba()er (Schiller unb 9^apoIeon I. anftatt ^u ar^ bu berbienft nic^t. ^a martet l^atte. bafe bic^ bie (Sonne befd^eint!" ba^. tnelc^er feinen ©errn nid^t er^ unter einem ^aume fd^Iafen.75 ro^Ietn." 'otv\ttt)tn. feinen SBalb. ba^ burd^ feinen ^arf. (Ex ging (SJartncr befuc^te tnct^renb grower (Somnterl^i^e feinen barin fpasieren unb befaf) bte bielen bllibenben SBIumen unb ba^ SBaffer. ^er Partner antmortete l^abe ic^ ruf)ig: „3c^ n)ei6 mid^ in ben (Sd^atten gelegtJ' bt^f)alh .

76 beginners' GERMAN 5Serfte]^en (Bk biefe Hnefbote? SSelc^e ^Sorter finb S^mn unbefannt? 3)eutfd)Ianb i)at ^Burger unb ©bcttcutc. einrnal in fetnen b» 1^. U)cr ging ©arten? ©arten? 5E3ag tat ber Sbelmann? SSann ging er in feinen ilBol^in ging er tt)af)xtnb grower (Sommerl^ifee? 5E3ie tear ber ©arten? (Sbelmann? SBa^ befal^ fic^ ber SSen fanb er? SBo tDar ber ©artner? ifiSar er auf einer berliefe iCSiefe SSarum SBarum ber (Sbelmann ba^ (meadow)? §au§? ber @artner? SSer tdav ber §err? SBeffen Wiener tvax ber ©artner? ^tm ilBa^ gel^orte ber '^axt flir unb atte^ barin? ein ©arten h)ar e^? 5£3ie fprac^ ber (ibelmann feinen ©cirtner an? SBol^er n)iffen ®ie. 5(mcrifa gibt e^ feitie (Sbelleutc. Sotrnq ^eifet argerlid^ unb tft ein ©egenteil t)on 553o l^aben iDir 9flu^ gerernt? Hub iBo njo rul^tg? ^0 ^0 fiaben tcir fc^lofcn ^e^aht? bic Stmnc unb td^ hjetfe? S3 lumen? gragcn SBcr bcfud^te einmal fetnen @arten. ©ie 3?n ?eute t)on I)o^er ©eburt fiei^en (Sbelkute. bafe ber §err sornig n)ar? SBeffen totiDort tear rul^ig? il!Bieberf)oIen ®ie ntiinblic^ bie ganje ©efd^id^te! .

btc. both orally and in writing: Change the Substitute given. singulars into plurals. (Sine ©belfrau. gltig fpasicren. . murben sornig* German. beren Partner (Partner gtng fpa^teren. Change the tenses given into the pluperfect. be[[cn G. Sin i^rciulein. . Change the tenses given into the present.beginners' GERMAN i^efen 77 ®te je^t bte 5lnefbote! (Sc^reiben <Sie ba^ ©tile! an bie ^afel! ]f)aben. (Sbelleute. 4. 6. fd)Iief. /. (m. benen bie is ©artner folgten. (Sbelleute. 7. NOTE Declension of the interrogative pronoun. Change the tenses given into the perfect. gittgen fpasteren. other prepositions for those 3. fc^Itef. Use subordinating conjunctions. \>(i^'^ Observe: ©in (Sbelmann. the following changes. D. thereby changing the order of words. gtng fpasteren* n. ai^orgen merben mir ein ^iftat barilber Make 1. Nominative Genitive tticr ttJa^ hJcffcil Dative Accusative hjem hJCtl tOd^ How do you decline the relative pronoun bcr. beffcn Partner WItef. 2. The relative pronoun never omitted in . bercti Partner fc^Itefen. Change the tenses given into the future. 5.

(future. er fanb ben ©cirtner. blC. . ba^ as definite article Illustrate. lerntc. does the dependent order remain the same? What case is used with the preposition iDdl^tenb? WORD FORMATION 9JJan gcfit ctncn (^ang. 9}?an ftngt eincn a^ flingt ein — — SO^an n)irft elnen SSurf.vowel change (called 5lblaut)» Give the principal parts of all verbs in sentences in the third singular present. Preterit. 3. E. er lief in ben er iDirb in er h)irb ben er Partner ftnben. 2. How are these nouns formed? Of what gender are they? Dret§igfte Jlufgabe In giving the principal parts (bie we must know Participle. we have to distinguish seven classes of verbs. in ben ©arten gelaufen. If the conjunction is omitted. ^ai ben ©artner gefnnben. and as relative (demonstrative) pronoun? What are the two ways of introducing subordinate clauses? Illustrate. grouped according to their root. Present Infinitive. Wan Wan trinft einen fprid^t einen — — » . The weak 3. and) perfect. . er finbet ben ©artner. preterit. In giving the principal parts of strong verbs. er ift ©arten. gclernt. ben ©arten lanfen. (regular) verbs are thus given: lernen.78 What is the difference in declension between bcr. the: i. 2. er Iftuft in ben Garten. ©runbformen) of verbs.g. Past i.

BEGINNERS GERMAN 79 of the following We CLASS shall classify the strong verbs into one seven classes: .

8o nejmen. BEGINNERS' GERMAN .

ba^ alle ^aften leic^ter Slnna.beginners' GERMAN E. 8l Present — i^ — bu — Future Perfect — — Pluperfect Perf Cond. ^attd eure ^lufgaben tDiirben ii)vt [ie Hufgaben gefc^rieben f)aben.g. ftcrficn. S^d unb 3}Jagbe. ift "ifflavi^a unb 5lnna fagte: „SSte magft bu nur lad^en? ^etn ^oxb ia fo fc^toer H)ie ber metnige. aber tc^ l^abe ein gen)lffe§ ^rciutlein ^ur iBiirbe gelegt. aber lad^te 5lnna murrte unb feuf^te beftanbig. unb bu btft nlc^t ftcirfer ift aU i^J' Tlavti)a fprac^: „^u f)aft rec^t. ira^ er aud^ tragi. — Preterit . unb benfe baran: „?eic^ter trcigt. 5(nna unb gingen na(^ ber (Stabt. fd^retbe meine 5(ufgabc* [d)rtebft beine Slufgabe. Use as the last form the perfect conditional. Apply this €tnunbbrei§tgfte 2lufgabe §eute tDcrben genben ^itel fiat: iDir eine neue ©efd^ic^te burd^nef)men. fc^er^te. scheme. jebe trug einen fd^meren ^orb boll Dbft auf bem ^opfe. er tDirb feme 5lu[gabe fc^reiben* n)tr ()aben unfere if)r ^lufgaben gefc^rieben. toie eg l^eifet/' bare^ ^rciutlein anttoortete: ®ag mir Tlavtf)a „^ag mac^t. flieftetl. orally or in writing. and not the it is future perfect. as scarcely ever used in common speech. to all the verbs. „ha^ tnufe ein foft* bo(^. omitting fc^cinctl. bal)er fuf)le ic^ fie faum. bic fo^ ^a§ tojthaxt trauttctn SD^artl^a. l^eifet — @ebulb/' ilSer foftbare ^rautlein. ©ebulb pr iBiirbe legt. or any variation of it." . „(Ei" rtef 5lnna. ge[d)rieben. 9[)^erfe btr. meln ^orb fo fc^toer mte bei beinige." feln.

SSo l^aben "ipflaumcn ufm. ja. boc^? Sragcn SBie l^eifet btc neuc ©efd^ic^te? . unb Xoa^ fagte fie? fill^lte ^mpfanb SBiirbe? ober bie ©d^tcere ber SSie fieifet ha^ foftbare ^rciuttein? Icemen ©ie ben (©prud^ au^iDenbig! ifiSieberl^oIen ©ie nun bie gan^e ©efd^id^te! <©d^reiben (Sie biefelbe an bie 3:afen .) SSie htnai)m SBie 5lnna. mir griicfttc per ft gel^abt? ©inb reife griic^te fieifet meiften^ filfe ober fauer? JBcftanbig immer. SSie iiberfe^en ©ie nur.82 beginners' GERMAN S3crfte{)cn @ie ein biefe 5lnefbote? \tatt sttjct SJlagbe ift SBa§ fonnen <Bk SSa^ iSBa^ fiir ift ift fagen? ^orb ein Stovh t)oir Obft? aber ein Ob[tforb? ba^felbe n)ie griid^te. ^imen. fd^mer ober leic^t? ^orbe gleid^ fd^toer^ober H)ar ein ^orb fd^tDerer? iESar 5Inna^ fd^n)erer? (5lnna^ = ber Hnna. Obft grUd^te finb Spfel. iS3ie iDar ber 5£3aren bie ^orb. !Die neue ©efc^ic^te f)ei6t ilSa^ ift ber 3:itel bcr neucn ©efc^id^te? l^oren SSobon iCSelc^e mir in ber neuen ©efd^id^te? h)ir jefet? neue ©efc^id^te lefen SBol^in finb bie 9}^agbe gegangen? (©ie finb in — ®tabt ^orb fid^ fid& gegangen. nnb h)a^ 5lnna fagte fie? htm^m ^avti)a.

NOTE Declension Singular Plural bie Nominative Accusative Genitive 1 bie J neue ©efd^id^te neuen ®ef(5t(5ten ber neuen ©efd^id^te ber neuen ®efd^i(5ten Dative ber neuen ^t\6)\6^it ben neuen ©efd^ic^ten . as are tft XOQX gemefen Qeftanben fte^en ftanb tat tun getan Give the principal parts of these four verbs in sentences.vowel -el-. the present tense.BEGESnSTERS' GERMAN 83 Give a synopsis 16) of: ge^e f)eute in bie ®tabt ©el^cn is really fetn an irregular strong verb. What Note the are the principal parts of l^etftcn? difference between l^ciften and the preterits into: other verbs with root. all 2. the pluperfect. Change 1. Rewrite the whole story by substituting synonyms for as many words and expressions as possible. Where Before are adverbs of time placed? other adverbial modifiers?— How are proper nouns declined? What can you bcr bcinigc? say instead of bcr tnctmgc and Of what is 5ur a contraction? Give similar cases of contraction.

ben faulen SJJftgben !ein ©elb. ber nid^t grofeer al^ ein ©tedfnabelfopf. iebe fd^toere 2a\t. (Sin SSeijen^^ fleiner unb 9toggenfornd)en ber 9^agel eine fleine^ ^tng. !Die 9^ametx ber faulen 9}?agbe finb 5lnna unb 'SJlavt^a. jene fleine ©tabt. griil^ftlidf befotnmt ba^ beutfc^e ^inb rt)of)I am Sefttag aud^ ein ©tlicf ^uc^en» mel unb «rot badt ber ber SD^ilKer er mdtx au^ mt% ©emmer unb . — ^er i^eim fd^laft im ©etreibeforn mie ba^ Heine ^inb im ^ttt Slug bem fleinen . orally and in writing. the plurals into singulars: iV. !l)er ^auer bebaut ba^ gelb unb fat bie fleinen tft ©etreibeforner ein fel^r l^ineln. iDeld^e fd^mere ^aft (iBiirbe). (Sd^ate.^orn ertuad^ft aber ein §alm. G. oben mit einer Sl)re.^inbe^. innen fleiner ift (S^ biinne. biefe grofee way in sentences: bie ficifeige SWagb. '^k faulen (Sr gibt SD^agbe finb gu §aufe.84 beginners' GERMAN Decline in the same bie faule SD^agb. Change in the following. unten mit ^uv^dn unb bilben iBlattern. D. ^em^a^ mcU ma^t btefe fauft an^ bom i8auer» ilSeigen* unb au^ ^^oggenfornd^en. fo ^od) mie ein SD^ann. A. ©tabt. unb in bem ift Tlt'i)! liegt ein ganj ^eim. meifeeg TltU. Why What should this attributive declension be called weak? is the difference between it and the so-called strong declension of adjectives? Illustrate. 5lu^ . noc^ aU ^at am fleinen trodfene ginger eine^ fleinen . 0efel)en» 3Sir l)aben geftern bie faulen 3}2agbe in ber ^tabt gtt)eiunbbrei§tgfte 2tufgabe ^a)3 tagUcftc Srnt 3um 33rot.^uc^en. 3n ber fil)re ftd^ tDieber biele neue ®etreibefi)mer.

ftnb il^rer tnel^r aU ^inb ginger l)at (Sinen bott i8. ©acf boll fat ber ^auer tm bit gruf)ia]^r au^. SSelc^e ^Sorter Dcrftetien Ste ntd^t? ^aig iESa^ f^riiMtiirf ift ift ba^ erfte (gf[en friii) am 9D?orgen. biel ^auer ein in bk @rbe legt. ®an^. SBagncr. freffen ^ie fleinen isomer emci^ren 9^ad^^. ba^ ber getDorben. biele (Bade. i£Ba^ ein ^rot* ^ic SSursetn eine^ iBaume^ finb in ber Srbe. 3)te 2tere. ^ic S5ijgel fliegen in ber ^uft. bte 53ogeI. ©etreibefomer gem.85 bem t)iele einen i^omc^en. ift ba^ IJ^ittageffen? ba^ Hbenbeffen? ift ^ic ©emmel d^en? ein ^rotd^en. felbft ^atfer unb ^onige. bie @an^ fd^mimmt auf bem SBaffer. g. bie ^u^ unb ba^ ^ferb. aud^ grofee ^eute. !Der !Dag !Die ar^utter ftreic^t bie Gutter brauf. . bte bie fleinen §enne. bringt er tm ^erbfte tDteber nad) — §aufe.^ tdixb ^a^ ba^ beutfc^e ^inb gum grUMtlicf? ba^ tagli(§e iBrot gemad^t? fommt ba^ SD^ef)!? iSSo^er ifet SSorau^ (Sraa^len ©ie ba^ gauge <3tiidf nod^ einmal! ^efen <Bit e6 nun! (gd^reiben (Sie e^ jefet an bie SBanbtafel! Semen 8te au^tticnbtg: Sanbmann pflangt mit TIW unb 9^ot ^orn filr unfer taglic^ ^rot. ^ie IJinber effen alle^ auf. ^er iBcicfer nimmt ba^ Tlt^ in^ ©au^ Unb bcicft im £)fen iBrot barau^. cSum WiXlkv toirb ba^ ^orn gebra(^t Unb feine^ SD^e^I barau^ gemac^t.

86 BEGINNERS GERMAN NOTE .

-i)tit. -ung. -in. 33oIfe fo tetb. ^ixvi 1797 geboren tDurbe. l!^aifer !Deutf(^lanb anc^ ben jtDeiten Sa^x 1888 ^at alfo bret beutfc^e ^aifer anf 3)er brltte beutfc^e ^atfer ®rab ftnfen. 511^ ^aifer er griebric^ III» (ber ^ritte). @c^on nac^ 99 ^agen felben 3af)re. ba^ bem glneiten beutfd^en ^aifer etne fo furje 9?egierung befc^ieben tioax. ^a^ bem beutfd^en tft X^xoM gefel^en. -if. -ie. 2BiIf)e(m II» . max^ 1888 ftarb." '^at)tx tat e^ bem 15. mv er faft 91 3a^re alt. 9^ac§ bem 3:obe be^ erften §o]^en3oItem:=^alfer^ beftieg ber franfe ^ronprins ben 3:!)ron. tn^ — 3n bem^ ber erfte beutfd^e ^atfer geftorben mar. %U er am 9. in bem fal^ ftarb er am 3nnt 1888. -Mi. How do you translate bicfcr and jcncr? Is there any difference in English between the use latter and the former? of the Dretunbbrei^igfte 2lufgabe ^tc bcutfc^c ^aifcrfamiKc tatfcr mmm L l^iefe (ber ©rfte) ift fe^r alt geiDorben. @r Wax ber ^tebling be^ beutfc^en 3SoI!eg» SJJan nannte tl^n liberal! nur „Unfem gri^.beginners' GERMAN 87 What can you (Plural -tnnen) ? say of the force of the noun-suffix -in Of what gender are these nouns ? How about the suffix -ct? Of what gender? Make a list of the feminine nouns with the suffixes: -ei. -ftaft. ha er am 22. -ion» Of what origin are the last three? What neuter suffixes have we had? Give examples.

88 beginners' GERMAN tft ^ dx bcr icfeiQe f aifer unb rcgiert fcit bcm 15. 3uni 1888. unb ber SSil^elmg geboren. Sragcn iD3ic l^tefe ber erfte beutfd^e ^aifer.? Rau SBar bem stDetten beutfd^en ^aifer etn langeg ?eben befd^ieben? 3n iDeld^em Sd^vt \ai)tn bte ^eutfd^en aud^ ben gtDetten ^aifer tng ©rab ftnfen? SSie blele f aifer rt)aren alfo tm ^al^re 1888 auf bem Xl^ron? ilSie nannte ba^ S5oIf ben franfen griebrid^ III. . ^er tiltefte ^rlnj tft ber ^ronprina griebrid^ (gr iDurbe 1882 geboren. unb toie alt njurbe er? SBer fam nad^ bem Xohc beg erften beutfd^en ferg auf ben 3:^ron? iSBeffen ^Biebling tear griebrid^ III. (beg Written) I.? er? SBeld^en taifer f)aben bie ^eutfd^en je^t? iCSie alt ift iSSie t)tele ^inber l^at ba^ ie^ige ^aiferpaar (l^aben bie ieijigen ^ofiensoltern) ? SBieberl^oIen (Bk. iDurbe fieifet am 27. ©Item l^aben fteben ^Inber. f)o]^en ^aifer ilBilfielm II. ^anuar 1859 ^ie unb T)k beutfc^e ^aiferin ^lugufte 35iftoria. namlid^ fed^g "iPrlnsen eine ^iprinaeffin. (gnfel ift ber ®o{)n griebrid^g III. ilBilfielm. Wa^ ©ie t)on ben beutfd^en ^aU fern gel^ort l^aben! ©eben ©ie ?efen (Sie bie 9^amen ber erften ^aifer an! nun bag eg Sefeftlidf! ©d^reiben (Sie eg je^t an i(^ iDerbe bie 2:afel ober ijielmel^r: 3imn langfam biftieren.

Country H is of Thee unb Go(/ save the King? 5lIIe brei 5^ationalf)t)Tnnen l^aben biefelBe 3)?eIobie. ber geliebt Juirb. Gen. ^aifer. ^errfc^er be6 53aterlanb^! ^eil. as oral and as written work: .beginners' GERMAN !^a^ befannte beut[(^e 9lattonatIieb ^txi bit ift: 89 im ©icgcrfranst ^ie erfte @tropf)e babon lautet: §etl bir tm ©iegerfrang. Dat. ^aifer. ber beutfc^e ^aifer ^aifer be§ beutfc^ett ^aifer^ bent beutf(f)en ^aifer ber beutfc^en ^aifer ben beutf(^en ^aifem bie beutfc^en Ace. SBag ein ^ef)rling? NOTE Declension Singular Plural bie beutfd^en Nom. bir! (Sie merben biefe erfte fie ©tropl^e au^lDenbig lemen! 3efet toollen tDir fingen! <Bk fentien bod^ bie SD^elobie bon: ilf3. bir! %ii^l in be^ X'i)xont^ ^ie l^olfie ®Iana SBonne gan^: fein! ^kUinq. <Sie t)erftef)en bod^ al(e6? SESa^ fiir ein Gratis ift ber (Siegerfran^? 2Ba^ fiir ein Sanb ift ift ha^ 3SaterIanb? ©in Siebling ift einer. always in sentences. bm beut[(f)en ^aifer ^aifer Decline likewise. be^ 3Solf^ su $eil.

-licft What is the force of the adjective-suflax in eltcrlid^. when preceded by the article. berjentge ©driller. geh3af)It. 9^orbamertfa 3e= bod^ bie ^Sereinlgten (Staaten t)on finb o^m f 5lla^fa 14| mat grower l^at ungef(if)r aU bag ^Deutfd^e ^eld^. oberfte ^rteggi)err ber 5Sertreter (gr ift aud^ ber unb i8efe{)lg]()aber ber 5lrmee nnb glotte* .^ 3e^t bie ^alfertDitrbe aber erb* ^er t)eutige !Deutfd^e ^aifer f)at bie ^ad^t ift eineg elntgen ^er ^aifer ©eutfd^en 9^eid^eg {)inter fid^. obtoolf)! grower al^ ^Deutfd^tanb nid^t ^nglanb ober granfreid^. beftef)t loieber ift ein mftc^ttgeg. fc^mefterlic^. berfelbe 2tf)xtx.90 BEGINNERS* GERMAN ber franfc ^ronprins. ^3rin3li(^. alfo ble 3Serelnigten ©taaten. hjciblid^? t>terun&t)ret§t9P:e ^lufgabe ^a^ ©eit 1871. ^ontg tion ^reu= 6en ift ^eutf d^er ^atfer. !Der iebe^malige grill^er lijurben ble 5lber !3)eutfd^fotitet h)ie lanb 68 3}^lIUoTien (SlntDofiner. The adjective. einlQeg !Deutfc^eg $Held§. ^eutfd^en ^aifer tmmer iDal^lte Itd^. jener mad^tige ^()ron. ber meinige [@o()n]. nad^ bem 3:obe elneg ^eutfd^en ^alfer^ ift man einen neuen. has practi- cally always what ending? is What case excepted with masculine nouns? of With feminine and neuter nouns. !). biefer Qrofee Siebling. tnannlid^. felt ^eutft^c 9flci(S bem ^riege mtt granfretd^. beg 9^eid^eg tm 3Serfef)r mtt bem 5luglanb. b. what two WORD FORMATION SBtitbcrUc^ ^d^t tele ein 58ruber ober gleid^ ctnem ^ruber. fe^r grofe. cases are excepted? course.

. ftelten bag iBubget beg 3:)eutfc^en ^Reic^eg T)k ^Berlin: grofeten unb tuic^tigften (^t&btt !Deutf(^Ianbg finb nad^ Hamburg an ber (gibe. tnt SRetc^i^tag. 58at)em. in gel)eimer ^eic^^tage^ auf 5 rat ^a% unb !5)er iBunbe^* unb ber ^^eic^^tag mac^en @efe^e feft. ertncii^len biefe SD^itglieber be^ 3cif)re. ^eipjig feng). ber ebenfaltg in ^Berlin Qan^en 2)eutf(^en 9^ei(^ t^'d^tn 397 5lbgeorbnete in ben jufammenfommt. Qm 13. granffurt $annot)er. Sefeterer mirb t)om ^aifer ernannt. Stagen (Seit meld^em S^al^re beftel^t ein neueg ^eutfd^eg ^eid^? "Hflad) tDelc^em ^riege tdav (Sie ha^? §aben fd^on bon bem beutfc^^fran^ofifd^en ^rieg gel^ort? SBie bielmal grower finb bie 53ereinigten ©taaten aU ilBie 3)eutfc^ranb? je^t? i£3ie ift bie beutfd^e ^aifertriirbe fam man friilier su einem ^aifer? . ©ad^fen unb ilBurttemberg. !Da^ ^eutfd^e dld^ ht\td)t au^ 26 emgelnen (Btaaten. bier babon finb ilomgreic^e. Bremen an ber ilBefer. ^regben am ^l^ein. bilben sufammen ben Sunbe^rat unter bem 5Sorft^e be^ Df^elc^^:* !Die ^iirger fanjler^. nac^ ^Berlin. bie liber 25 ^al^re alt finb. in ©ac^fen. namlic^ ^reufeen. ^D^iinc^en (bie ©auptftabt bon iBatjern). ein 33eto elnjulegen. ^oln (Soln) am 1 9}^ain. bie t)on ben Sanbe^furften ernannt irerben. (bie ^auptftabt ©ac^^ ^reglau an ber £)ber. ^iefe 26 (Staaten fenben 61 35ertreter.BEGINNERS' GERMAN 91 5Iber er f)at nid^t iDte ber ^ipraftbent ber 53ereinigten (Staaten ba^ 9^ec^t. ber !Die 61 3Sertreter §auptftabt 'iPreufeeM unb be^ ^eidie^. 2ltte ^iir* ger. fd^rcdflid^c 3cit. 3fa{)r{)unbert gob c3 fogar ctnmal cine faifcdofc.

Z). ober e^ ein iBunbe^ftaat? ^at ber "iPrfifibent ber 53ereinigten Btaattn a|)n= ber ^eutfd^e ^aifer? lid^e ^ted^te loie SBergleid^en (Sie bie beiben 2&nbtx miteinanber! bariiber! (Sd^reiben ®ie einen Huffa^ NOTE Declension N. this declension of adjectives called at times Are attributive adjectives lative declined like in the mixed? comparative and super- the adjectives in the positive degree? Is it not true that either the adjective or the preceding element (ber= and ein=words) must show the gender. G. cincm ncucn ^aifcr einen neuen ^aifcr cincm •Dcutfd^cn 9?ci(^(c) ein ^cutfd^eg dtti6) Why is Illustrate. ein ncuer Golfer tint fc^recfUc^c Sdt tin ^cutfd^cg 9?ct(^ cinc« ncucn ^oifcrg ciner f(^re(fli(^en 3ett einer fd^redlic^cn B^it einc fd^rcdflic^c 3sit eincg !Deutfd^en 9Jet(|e8 ^. num- .92 beginners' GERMAN SBelc^eS finb ble 9?e(^te be§ ^Deutfd^cn ^aifer^? 2Bie biele (Staaten gibt e^ im 3)eutfc^en 9^eid^? il^ren 9^ennen @ie bit brei grofeten (Btaaten mit ^auptftabten! (Sie biefe ©tcibte auf ber Cartel 3eigen iSBie t)iele 33ertreter bilben ben ^unbe^rat? ©inb SSer fie QetDcililt ift ober emannt? ^unbe^rat^? ber 33orft^er be^ SBte Diere a^Jitglleber be^ ^eid^gtagg gibt e^? SSerben biefe getncil^lt? ^ann ber ^aifer aKein ©efe^e madden ober allein ba^ ^ubget aufftellen? SKeld^e iDeiteren etabte unb glUffe !Deutfd§Ianbg tDit bit ift fennen (Sie? Sft ^Deutfd^Ianb 3Sereinigten ©taaten ein (Btaattnhunb.

hex ncuc ^aifer ein ncucr ^aifcr bte fd^rcdlid^e 3cit etnc fd^rccflid^e ^cit bag bcutfd^e ein bcutf(^C)8 tinb ^inb ^inbeS beg ncuen ^aiferS cineS tteucn ^aiferg bcr fd^redflicficn 3cit etncr fd^rcdflici^cn 3ctt bc8 beutfd^cn ^inbe« etneS bcutfcficn D. neue^? and in writing: mein fd^oneS SSaterlanb^ When are geographical adjectives capitalized? ^iinfunbbret^tgfte Jtufgabe (Review) SSteberl^oIung ber gangen Hbieftitj^^efllnation: Singular N. 93 it and case of the following noun which ein neuct.BEGINNERS GERMAN ber. but Decline in sentences. eine erblic^e ^aiferttJiirbe. ein modifies? If so. bem ncuen ^aifcr cincm ncuen ^aifer ben neucn ^atfer cincn neuen ^ai[cr bcr fd^redlic^cn 3eit eincr [c^rccflic^cn 3cit bic fc^rcdEIid^c 3cit ^inb einem bcutfc^en ^inb has beutf(|c ^inb bcutfc^cn ein beutfci^c.^ bcm cine fc^rcdflic^c ^cit ^tnb Plural Norn. ber (feiner) gutcn 3etten ttnber faifern Dat. but ha§ neue. ^atfcr bie Qutcn 3eiten (fcinc) ^tnber taifer Gen. (feine) >. ben (feinen) Quten 3eiten ^inbern '''*'" Ace. does that make clear the forms: bcr neue. ^L I leUcn ^inber . orally ein !Deutfd^er J^aifer. G.

e. . ^ic SBac^t am 9fl^cm lautet: ^g brauft ein $Ruf tDie Donnerl^att. . trcigt an feiner linfen 5Die iEBogen bebeutet bie ^eEen* gelemt? fiir SSo l^aben mir bie SBettcn ^ie SSo beutfc^en ^rieger merben ben 9^f)ein ftrei^^ ten. fie finb balder bie filter beg ©tromeg* mir ru^ig gejiabt? i£3o l^aben mir treu gelernt? l^aben ilBag iSSag i£3ag fiir fiir fiir ein §a(t ein ©eflirr ein 'iprall ein . tnagft rulfiig fein: geft fte^t unb treu bie SSad^t. 3uin !Oteb gum D^l^ein. i. aum beutfc^en 9?]^em! fBtv mill beg (Stromeg filter fein? 33aterlanb.?anb (sound) ift ber ^onner!)att? ift bag (Sc^mertgeflirr? (rebound) ift ift ber SSogenprall? iESag fiir ba^ 35aterlanb? Show the onomatopoeia in this poem. magft ruf)tg fein. bie iSSac^t am am dl^dnl ^^^ein! 5(m gufee ber 33orbertafeI beg 9^ationaIbenfmaIg 9^ieberh)alb bei ^iibegiCSad^t (^monumentg) auf bem Ifieim am di^cin ift ba^ 2kb „3)ie am ^f)ein" eingegraben. iSSte ©d^mertgeflirr unb ilBogenprall: D^^ein. ^kh geft SSaterlanb. bie iESac^t Mt unb treu bk ^ai^t. 3Serftef)en (Sie alte ^Sorter? ein (Sd^mert ©in ^rieger (Seite.94 2)le erfte ©tropl^e beg beutfd^en 9^ationattiebeg: ^ . the formation of words to imitate the sound of the thing.

3)af)er ftngen ^Deutfc^e auc^ in ber erften @tropf)e beg Siebeg „SSanberf(^aft": . ^n ^eutfc^lanb rt)ir eg jebenfallg im SUJai am fc^dnften. totv (bie) 9?uf)e ^at 9Ser ift fiungrig. i.e. fl^Ctt. 3(^ banfe ^tr 9^ac^ricf)t t)ielmalg bafiir. rt)iE i($ ^ir fofort ant:= 3(^ ft*eue mtc^ fef)r. Do intransitive verbs of posture. man e[[en tann. ben 12. usually take the auxiliary fein or l^abett? Is verbal action or result of action expressed? WORD FORMATION dtu^iQ x\t. ftel^en. su tDarten braud^ft. prbar. ift ePar. mac^tig? all Collect the adjectives ending in -\Q. SBag ift trinfbar. gebruar l^abe i^ emp= fangen. Ixtqtn. eg brauft^unb eg bonnert i(5 fte{)e am offenen genfter. !Delnen augfuf)rlic^en 58rtef t)om 28. !Damtt ^u nic^t lange auf tDorten. fteifeig. bafe ^u ung balb mit ^einen ift ©efc^tDiftern befuc^en tDirft. legbar? SSag ^0 f)aben mir tounbcrbar ge()abt? 5ed?sunbbret§tgfte 2lufgabe ®r ^ieber greunb! c 8b e n. and show the force of the suffix. iD?ars 1912. Give the adjectives in complete sentences.beginners' GERMAN 3efet fingen H)ir ba^ J^ieb! 95 giir morgen lemen ©ie eg au^tDenbtg! NOTE Give a synopsis of: fe{)r. burftig.

93?it ^er^Iid^en ©riifeen. bie Saume fc^Iagen au§. iDer (Sorgen ju ^au^! iBie bie SSoIfen bort n)anbern am ()irrtTnlifc^en 3^It. !I)a bleibe. SBerftel^en Bit aUt^? au^? (Bit finb 5lu^fuf)rlid^ ^ti^t lang* ilBa^ bebeutet: bie ^ciunte fc^Iagen ©ie finb jung unb f)aben feine (Sorgen. '^a^ f)immtifd^e 3^It ift natlirlid^ ber ^immeL ^re^ben? 3n iDeld^em ^onigreid^e liegt iibrigeng alle^ berftanben? $aben Bit nun Sragcn SSann ift SKann eg in ^eutfd^Ianb ant fd^onften? SSarum? finb bie fd^onften mt ift eg oft ^age? im 3uli unb 5Iuguft? Bivop^t beg Siebeg SSanber= ?emen Bit frfiaft bie erfte augmenbig! . ^uft l^at. empfiel^l mid^ ^einen lieben (SItern* 3d^ toiinfd^e ©ud^ ®lU(f unb (Segen altertnegen. l^aben toir auc& fd^one^ SSetter biele t)ieler ^eifeen SKir merben tnit @u(^ gugreifen in bie ilBcilber h)erben» unb iBerge untemel^men. forgenfrei. Seberjeit griebe. tntt ©0 Hber im tro^ ftel^t aud^ mtr ber <Sinn in bie toeite. greub'. mitt ^tlt" 3?uli unb Huguft ^age. aud^ an !^eine ©efd^h^ifter.96 „^cr Tlai tft gefommen. ©^ h)irb ftc^er foftlid^ iSSann tDcrbet 3^x benn unb laffe eigentlid^ nad^ (Suropa ah^ reifen? 9^un (ebe red^t tool)! balb ettDaS Don ^ir Iioren. berbleibe id^ !Dein treuer greunb gri^. ^itte.

Hans Schulze. ober fangen ©ie mit trgenb einer 3^tle an! (Sc^reiben (Sie biefen unb einen ctl^nlid^en iBrief ! SSa§ tut man mit einem ^riefe. 3. Change in the above letter the pronouns of familiar address (which are capitalized in letters) 1.'' 2t\tn ®te btefen fc^onen ^pvn^ bon ber 9D^itte.97 (Stngen (Sie: !i?emen ^er Tlai ift gefommen ufm. fc^Iiefet ben ^rief unb h)irft ii)n in ben ntid^ften ^aften. Change the masculine into the feminine in the salutation and in the close. 2. Sebergeit griebe. greub'. SBag fiir ein ^aften ift ba^? ^a^ ift eine iBrief^ marfe? 5lbreffe: $erm Dr. nad^bem man il^n gefc^rieben l^at? Tlan ftedft ben iBrief in einen Umfc^Iag. NOTE Which case is What other verbs did used after banfen and antttjotttn? we have where the dative is used as single object? . Georgstrasse 38. ®ie auc^ ben (Spruc^. fd^reibt flebt hk 5lbre[fe. into pronouns of conventional address. Hannover. ben man gnt unb (Segen p einem ^elegramm beriuenben fann: „®Ilt(f Htlertoegen. into the plural. bie mavft auf.

i^ mac^e bie Xixx gu. on account of . ()inter einem ^avtk. §nnb bie marfc^terte neben i^m 9^ac^ unb nad^ aber tcurben angebunben tdav. in spite of .g. empfinben are the only three verbs with the prefix emp-» Where is the accent in Utttcmc^mcn? Does it mean here to undertake or to take (hold) under? The principal parts of fangcn fangen and em^jfaitgcn are: ftng gefangen cmpfangen empfing empfangen What is the difference? of speech? Where does the accent lie? Is emp. treuc ^unb ber fel^r ^auftnann l^atte einen §unb. D^temen biefer lofe. . empfet)Ien. Is the prefix separated from the verb in the simple tenses of normal order? Where is the prefix with simple verb in dependent clauses? How is What German? E. of)ne ha^ e^ ber ^aufmann bemerfte.g.a part Where is the accent in the verb abrcifcn? Is the prefix ah. t)on iDac^fam unb treu (Sinft ritt ber . ntit benen ber Tlantti\ad ftel unb f)erab. f)er.a part of speech? Give a synopsis of bic ^iir jumac^en. iDegen beS ()ei6en Xage^.^aufmann @elb eingenommen einem SJ^antelfad l^atte. bu tnad^teft bie ^Ur gu ufh). the past participle formed? (gugcmac^tO case do prepositions compounded with of take in trofe be^ f)sl6en XaQt^. ^er ftc^ auf ba6 ^ferb gefc^naltt. E. . h)o er t)iet (Sein @elb l^attc er in nac^ §aufe. . . .98 beginners' GERMAN (SmpfaitQen. Siebenunbbret^igfte 2lufgabe ^cr (Sin toav.

alg er feinen 9^un ritt er suriid unb fa^ ilberall iBIut bon feinem §unbe. too if)m ber ©elb- entfalten mar. unb erf(^raf.BEGINNERS GERMAN ^er §unb ^aufmann aber l^atte eg 99 gefe^en fel^rtc ftc^ ntd^t barati. @r unb mebelte — mit bem ^Sd^tnanse. (Sr fprang an bag ^ipferb unb s^rbife t^m fein faft bie gilfee. fii^Ite er f)inter 9D?antelfacf bemttfete. ba^ er fein ®elb berloren {)atte? ©elang eg bem §unbe. cirger Bellte. feinen gu madden? §erm aufmerffam iSSoburd^ tDotlte jener biefen aufmerffam madden? . gragen ^a^ filr einen 3eigte ber §unb Ifiatte §unb 2reue? felfir ber ^aufmann? (Sr l^atte einen — unb — §unb. ftc§ 2llg er noc^ eine ©trede geritten tnar. facf ©nbltc^ fam er baf)in. ledte feinem §errn bie §anb ftarb. §unb unb toK gemorben* (Sr fc^ofe mlt feiner ^iftole nieber ritt ineiter. 1)a ber 2l6er ber treue ^unb f)orte ntd^t auf. bafe eg nic^t metterge^en follte. bie ben 9}?antelfac^ ^emerfte ber . unb ber ©d^aum ftanb i^nt bor ber (Sc^nauge. fd^Iug tl^n fein ^er nun immer ^unb §err einlgemal mit ber "i]3eitf(^e» unb fing an gu mmfetn. fel 9^un bad^te ber ifin ^aufmann. ^a lag fein treuer §unb neben bem ©acfe.^aufmann ben 53erluft? SSufete er. biel ilBo f)atte ber ^aufmann ober @elb eingenom= men? 5Bar er p gufe p 'iPferbe? SSann ritt er nac^ ^aufe? SSo 'i)atk ber ^aufmann fein ©elb? iESag gefd^al) Iflierten? mit ben ^^iemen.

in the past participle? Are these six unaccented prefixes parts of speech Do verbs with unaccented augment be- cntt)er- cr- gc- set-? . NOTE Does the German use the possessive adjective with nouns denoting parts of the body or of clothing? Illustrate.g. cntfict. marfc^tert? Where in bcmerltc. and vice versa. into coordinate Unb ber biefer fte( ^evab. o^nt ba^ eg ber fo ^aufmann bemerfte becomes: bag biefer l^erabfiel. aber ^anfmann bemerfte e^ nid^t. E. crfc^raf. unb ma^ faf) er? fc^IuQ ber SBem gel^orte ber treue SKie fanb er f einen treuen 3ft etn fd^en? §unb nid^t oft treuer ^unb? aU mand^e Tltn^ SBieber]()oIen !2efen ^k bie ! ganje ©efc^id^te! ©ie ha^ etild ©c^retben ®ie bie fur^e ^rsdfilung nieber! Change the text by using the perfect tense.lOO SSomit beginners' GERMAN ^aufmann felnen treuen §unb? §unb? iCSag tat ber §unb mit bent "ipferbc? SBarum? SBar ber §unb toE getnorben? iBarf ber ^aufmann einen ©tein na(^ bem §unbe? ifiSomlt inurbe ber ^unb niebergefc^o[fen? iSBann bermifete ber ^oufmann fein ®elb? 5C3a^ tat er. serbtft? first syllable take the ge. Where is the accent in tnarfd)tcrtc. gcprte. Change subordinate clauses ones. tjermifitc.

ttaf)m ein. er l&at cingc* Give in the same way. . na^im ein. nommen. er auff)dren h)eiterge{)en tiieberfc^iefeen burc^reiten — — — — — — — — — — ift fierabgefaHen — — — — — Where is the accent in these verbs? Are these prefixes parts of speech? What parts of speech? Are there in English also separable verbs? Illustrate. is What The er the force of cnt. Where Where take? is is the accent in iifierfe^en meaning to translate? the accent in untemel^men meaning to underthe accent in Where separable is ttJteberl^oIcn meaning to repeat? Are compound verbs in a figurative sense treated like in- compound verbs? in a literal sense treated like separable Are compound verbs compound verbs. er Xoxxh Jerabfallen.and of jcr-? Illustrate. unttx.. er fiel l^erab.BEGINNERS GERMAIN TOT six inseparable (un* Give the principal parts of the above trennbar) compound verbs. orally and in writing: anbinben er fallt l^erab. or better: nimmt ein. uhtt. er h)lrb einne()men.g. urn unb tt>tebcr (I)iitter). e. as they should be? Does not the same difference exist able prefixes? in English with vari- Compare. to undertake with to take under (down). principal parts of the following verb are: er cmne]()men. untemel^men untema{)Tn (()er)unteme]^men na()m (^er)unter (^er)unter0enoinTnen untemommen Illustrate in sentences the variable prefixes: burt^. eingenommen.

!Da entftel ii)m ba^ Sleifd^. iiberfel^cn.g. In bur(5Iaufen. umgel^en. o^nc is e« gu toiffen. Observe the difference: 2)er ber tDieberl^oIen. ift ein !Dteb. ha^ e^ ein anberer §unb fei. bafe e^ ber but toufetel §unb What the reason for this? illustrations.W •':»'••*:: t beginners' german E. fie SSa^ ^aben bie SD^enfd^en? greffen fie? 2Bag ift gierig? ^erftel^en <Sie je^t bie einfod^e. unb fo fd^nappte er gierig banac^. ein ilSeg. Give similar 2ldjtunbbrei§tgfte 2tufgabe ^cr ^unb mit htm @tn §unb liber etnen l^atte ein ©tiirf glcifrfie gleifc^ Gefto!)Ien unb Itef fal^ batntt er fein fd^malen ©teg* S'n bem flaren SSaffer ^ilb nnb metnte. ^aufmann Derlor fein &dh. ba^ er l^aben toottte. Semanb. tnoralifd^e (^viaf)- lung? S?ragen iE3ag l^atte ber §unb ber geftol^len? iE3a^ tat er barauf ? SBorliber lief §unb mit bent geftol^Ienen gletfc^e? . ha^ er unb ba^ anbere. ©in ©teg ber ettca^ ift fttelfilt. ber aud^ ein ®tu(f gleifd^ im SD^auIe l^abe. l^atte. (gr gebad^te e^ il^m gu nel^men. ber oft iiber SSaffer flil^rt al(e $unbe unb freffen* ^tere ^ahtn ein Tlaul. o{)Tie ^aufmann Derlor fein ®elb. inar aud& tjerfd^tDunben. untemef)men.

ift ba^felbe h)ic: er befd^Iog.beginners' GERMAN SKa§ tvhMtt er in IO3 bem flaren SSaffer? ^0 Hub e^ faS er fein SBitb? 3Ba^ glaubte ober meinte er? SBa^ tooltte ber ^unb bem anbern §unbe nel^men? toa^ tat er ba^er? ilBarf ber §unb ba6 fein ©tild gleifc^ meg. tx)enn er nid^t fo gierig getDefen tocire? SBa^ lemen (Sr^ctl^Ien an^ biefer fleinen ®efd^i(^te? ©ie bie fteine 2:ierfabel! !Oefen @ie biefelbe! Unb n)ieberf)olen (Bit biefelbe fd^riftlid^! ©d^reiben ©ie bie ©efc^id^te nod^ einmal L int "ipiural be^ ^erfeft^. int *iprafen^. . 2. bafe er e^ il^nt nef)nten tdolk. (gr gebad^te e^ il^m gn nefimen. ober entfiel U)m? er siDeite @tii(f gletfc^? 58efam ^atte ber §unb H)ir fein (Stiicf gleifd^ berloren.

^er !2ef)rer fagte. Also change the direct question into indirect question: SOIein SSater fragtc tnid^: §aft bu beine ^ufgabe gemad^t? l)at er feine ^ufgabe gemac^t? ufn)» Mtxn 33atcr fragte tnid^. ob ftatteft). ob \6) meine Hufgabe fiemad^t l^tttte bein 33ater fragte bic^. used direct speech? If not.g. e. used in direct speech? Is the stem-vowel of the present subjunctive modified? How about the preterit subjunctive? Of all verbs? Conjugate in speech: full. tenses. Are the subjunctive forms.104 beginners' GERMAN in the story. employed in change the indirect discourse into direct statements. etc. or would be. bafe td^ faul fet (tnare) ober x6) fet faul.g. felen Ste aufnterffam? Is there any imperative in the third person? . or is Is there a so-called sequence of the same tense used in indirect discourse which was. is the conventional form of the imperative in reality. hd^ bu faul fe{(e)ft (mareft) ufh). faul ufh). changing the direct speech into bin faul) bift indirect S)er Sel^rer fagte: (idfi bu E. bu beine Hufgabe gemac^t l)abeft Generally in the subjunctive those forms are used that difer from What the respective indicative forms.

strifd^en un^ anfniipfen. bie un^ ant dl)nlid^ften gefinnt Mvtn. SSir befprcid^en un^ in bequemen ©tumben.BEGINNERS GERMAN IO5 Iteununbbret^igfte 2Iufgabe Xtxl eine^ S3riefe^ tJon ©oct^e an ©(fitter in ^tna SScimar. aber „ad^t 2^age" im ^eutfd^en ift ba^felbe h)ie eine iBodie. 3f)nen t)on meinen (Sammlungen ba^ gctben tDiirben fid^ SSid^tigfte gu geigen. (September 1794. 33ierse!)n ift ^age finb giuei SSo(^en. Seben (Sie red^t h)o!)l. trie td^ fo balb nid^t iSSollten (Sie mtd^ nid^t in biefer 3^it befud^en. §of nad^ (Sifenad^. ift nu^lo^. Sffiag ift enblog. mir n)of)nen unb bleiben? ®ic n)iirben jebe 5(rt t)on Hrbeit rul^ig borne^men !onnen. ®ie foKten gang nad& 3f)rer 5lrt rid^ten* unb SSeife leben unb ftd^ toie gu §aufe moglid^ft ein:= !Daburd§ iDlirbe id^ in ben (gtanb gefe^t. unb iBom mefirere 14. bag id^ gu fagen l^abe. unb griifeen (Sie bie 3f)rigen. ©octl^c. inar biefer ^rofeffor an ber Uniberfitat Sena. ^i^ bal^in Derfpare id^ fo mand^e^. finnlo^? 5116 ©oet^e biefen ^rief an ©chiller fd^rieb. of)ne 9lul^en ift. iBag iebod^ bie ©runbformen bon finnen? 9^u^en ift. fallen greunbe. 92ac$ftc SSo(5e qei)i ber ben 4. . an loUrben (Sic ntid^ gu 3^rer ^lufnal^me bereit finben. unb tDiinfcfie inbeffen red^t tDol^I gu leben. ift SSag SSa§ nic^t of)ne nil^Iid^. unb miirben nid^t ol^ne 5^u^en fd^eibcn. ^ar= finb -urn? ©cfinnt ein 5lb}eftib t»on bcr ©inn. unb unabl^cingig fein. unb tc^ merbe 14 tt)ieber ^age t)or mir Bei fo allein fel^e.

am $ofe beS gM^cn ^arl 5luguft in ^eimax. modified in the strong verbs? How about the weak verbs? If not. Rewrite the letter omitting all subjunctives. u) of the preterit subjunctive fa^cn. fottten? Is the stem-vowel (a. NOTE What is the force of the subjunctives tOoUttn. iEBieberl^oIen ha^ ©driller fame? ©ie hm ganjen ^rief ! !2efen (Sie il^n! 3e^t h)erbe id^ il^n ^l^nen biftieren! ! (Sd^reiben ®ie einen cif)ntid^en ^rief Rewrite the letter from SSoKten Sic to ric^ten citi* substituting hJiirben for every sub- junctive. ®oet]()e. do not the preterit forms of the indicative and subjunctive of regular weak verbs coincide? . bag (Sd^ittcr il^n bom U^ 27» (September beMen folte? SBo fotlte Sd^ilter iDol^nen fie unb bleiben? iESag tooaten tun? SBa^ it)oIlte ©oetl^e feinem greunbe seigen? ilBarum fc^rieb er nid^t mel^r? SSlinfd^te ©oetl^e.f)xc 1794? gragcn SSe^tDegen toottte 14.I06 beginners' GERMAN ®octf)e tear in ber 9^af)e. ^eigen <^k S^na unb iSSeimar auf ber Cartel SBie alt toavm ©oetl^e nnb ©driller im 3o. BefprSd^etl. Rewrite the letter using the familiar form of address. o.

Take the same sentence jugate E.g. ic^ f)eute frei and finally: i($ f)eute frei. ^te @tabt l^at fte 3ugenb bauen laffen. bafe er fame. toenn i^ frei Qti)aht ficttte ufrt). 9?ec^nen f)elfen. 3)ie (Sc^iiler unb (Sd^iilertnnen fonnen unb follen etmag barin lernen. milrbe i(^ auSgel^ien. unterrtd^tet. njenn bu l^eute fret ()atteft uftt). Pierjigfte 2lufgabe ^ic ©cftutcn ^ie (B(^ukn fiir bte ftnb offentlic^e ©ebaube. then: ^attt. uftt). subjunctive state facts or ideas? illustrations. bu iDiirbeft fpajteren 9e()en. and con- 3(^ JDiirbe fpajieren gegangen fein. statement or indirect question. ©dfireiben. rt>enn (Sie ()eute frei ()atten? 3. . tenses. an ideal condition. 6 3ai)Xtu in 3ebe6 ^inb mufe bie ©ci^ule 8 ^cil^re befuc^en. orally and in writing. indirect 3c^ Mrbe [pasieren gef)en.beginners' GERMAN IO7 What What press? is the force of the subjunctive gcfinnt ttjatcn? does the subjunctive id^ njiinfc^te. SSa^ tDilrben ©ie tun. possibility. Conjugate SSenn this in full. it in the compound in the three formations. Sluc^ mlE bie ©c^ule ba^ ^tnb gu einem orbentllc^en 9D?enfd^en gu erste!)en. : in which the subjunctive expresses 2. ^ter iDirb e^ tm ^efen. fo tuiirbe ic^ §(itte au^gef)en. tioenn id) f)eute frei f)(itte. 4. 5IIIe ^Inber miiffen mtt bte (Sc^ule gef)en. wish or exhortation. ex- Does the Give 1.

3n 3n irag jeber Tltn\d) tm iOeben njiffen nxufe. Srgte. ^ie (Sd^iiler ber llnit)erfttaten f)ei6en ©tubenten. T)k l^oc^fte ©d^ule ift bte ©oc^fdjnle ober bie Uniderftttit.I08 beginners' GERMAN ben 35oIf§f(^uten luirb bag gelel^rt. ^inber nod^ mel^r lemen. ^farrer ober 2t^vtv tDerben Sragcn SBag fiir ©ebaube (^anfer) fie fie finb bie (Sd^ulen? gur giir njen ^at bie (Stabt it)en {)at bie (Stabt gebaut? bauen laffen? ge]()en? 9}?iiffen alle iSBie ^inber in bk ©(^u(e in ber ^d^ule? range? fie SSag lernen 53Ko lernt iBiffen ®ie. menn eg in feme anbere ®c^ule ©g gtbt auc^ ^rbatfd^ulen. ble man be- fnc^en barf ober mag. gelfit. 2luf ber Unberfitcit ftnbieren bie jungen J^ente. ben ]f)oI}eren ©c^ulen folten bte 3ebe6 ^inb ntufe eine ^Solf^fd^ule befuc^en. 3ft eine amerifanif($e high school bagfelbe trie eine bentfc^e §o(^f(^nle? ilBarum nid^t? . irag bie 8(^nle anc§ nod& toiU? man biel? 3^n n)el(^en (Sd^ulen lemt man mel^r? Unb ^arf iBag IDO lernt man am meiften? ©ibt eg anc^ ^ribatfc^nlen? man fttr biefe befnc^en? Seute ftnbieren auf ben Uniberfitciten? Unit)erfi=^ 9^ennen ©ie einige grofee amerifanifd^e taten! ^ennen ^ie (Sie aud^ bie 9^amen bon einigen ber 21 beutfc^en Uniberfitciten? fiol^eren ©d^ulen njerben in Hmerifa high schools genannt. lt)oIIen» tt)elc§e $Rid^ter.

unb nennen <Stc 33oIfgf(^ulen. Derfttaten.BEGINNERS GERMAN ©agen (Ste lOQ ©c^ulen toiffen! nun. fctinen. SSiffen ©ie. — high schools unb Unt* ^efd^reiben <Sie auc^ bie Sage ber= felben! NOTE What E. and fijnnctl? ©ie in ber ©c^ute tun ntiiffen? Nennen ©ie ^onnen @ie alle 2t^xtx unb !2el)rerinnen 3^rer @($ule? [c^on ein menig 3Deut[c^ fpredden? Give three illustrations of your own. n)a§ is the difference between toiffcn. (Sd^relben <Sie ettca^ etnige barilber.g. MODAL AUXILIARIES fonnen bUrfen miiffen follen mogcn tuoKen PRESENT INDICATIVE 1(5 !ann x^ er bu fannft er !ann iuir xi)v mag — mag ic^ — barf ic^ mufe — i^ — foil tc§ tt)iU — er barf er mufe er foH er tuitt fonnen mir mogen fount fie fonnen — — h)ir biirfen txiir miiffen irir folten tcir — — — — — — — — tooEen How is the singular present of modal auxiliaries formed? Like which tense of the strong verbs? Can you conjugate the modal auxiliaries in English? In German? Could they be called defective in English? . mag @ie liber bte ^efen (Sie ben furgen 5luffafe bartiber in 3lE)t*em iBnd^e!.

mti)v al^ Hbenb su. h)ie if)m hjolte. tt)a§ cr luitt ge{)abt? Rewrite the piece by changing every singular into the plural and vice versa.no What fonnen inogen biirfen Tniiffen BEGINNERS GERMAN are the English equivalents for: (ic^) fonnte gcfonnt moc^tc burftc gemod^t geburft mufetc folltc gemufet gefottt fotten hjollcn h)oEtc getDottt Is there How 1. tt)o^I tciffen? 2. 7. ber mufete grofee @ile l^aben. ber !2anbftra6e f)ergefaf)ren. 5. Unb bem SSagen unb uneben* ber gu tat'g aud^ ntd^t gut. an Umlaut in the preterit and past participle? about the preterit subjunctive? What do the following expressions mean in English? 3d& fann nidjt^ SDu tnod^teft e« bafiir. bafe fie fie mod^ten. ic^ n)o{)( er etJDa^ an unb rief: „®uter greunb. (Sr toeig nid^t. 511^ benn ber SSeg aber ber SD^ann einen SSanberer f)telt gu^ einl^ergtng. faun nod^ in bie ^taht fommen. e^e . barum bitten? @r mu6 2Sa^ foil {)eute fort nac§ 2)eutf(i^lanb» bag? 6. 3» !5)arf i^ (Sie 4. benn er I)ieb auf feine "iPferbe. n3a§ er toitL SBo {)aben toir ttJai^ foil t§ unb cr njcife ntc^t. niar fteinig einliolte. 8. (Einunbt>ter3tgfte 2lufgabe (BU (S^ gtng auf ben mxi SScite !Da tarn ein frember 9D?ann auf laufen tnufeten. 9. @te foH fel^r rct(5 getDefen fem» SBag h)olkn ©ie bamit fagen? a^ fel bent.

auftDad^te unb jum genfter l^inau^fal^. ber ©teine l^at. toenn fontme/' in bte ©tabt H(^ ber Jufegcinger am folgenben Tlov^tn tm ©aftl^aufe. ^en fannte ber bergmann. 3§r burftet nid^t fo fd^nell faf)ren. 36^^ SBagen fd^tmpfte. unb e^ taten if)m nur bie ^ferbe leib. ift ? — ^it iiberfe^en @ie: t^ tut tntr and) ntciftt leib? iSSa^ tut ein ^anberer? gelemt? ein gufeganger? bie ^utfcfte ba^felbe? ^0 l^aben tdiv ttianbcnt fiir ^a^ ®inb ein SD^ann ift ber SSagen unb Ba^ tut ein SSagner? ^0 f)aben mir e^ bunfelt gel^abt? . ©tunbe iDeiter 5(1^ aber biefer feine^ ©d^ritte^ eine gegangen e^ fd^on siemltd^ bunfel tioav. fam langfam unb lal^m ein iSSagen bafier. 3)a bad^te befto ef)er!" unb rannte mit fetnem unb ifiSagen hjeiter bem gufeganger borau^. baneben ftanb unb ben 9}2ann. ber unb auf feme amten ^ferbe unb auf ben fd^Ied^ten „®uter greunb/' pttet langfamer l^ab'^ dufi) h)o]^r gefagt. 3)te ^utfd^e tarn ii)m befannt t)or. erfannte er auc^ mieber* „i(i) fprac^ er. ber @ile ^at. ift eilig* @in ^eg. iDenn 3^r langfanter fal^ret. ift ber anbere: „^ag ein reciter 3c^ ^tlt ttud^ noc^ bal^in." ^avvl 3e fc^neller. fal^ren folten. iSSan9^ad^t me iiberfefeen ®ie „©ile mit SBeile"? ^emanb.beginners' GERMAN c^ 9^a(^t tioivh?" III fa§ bte — ^er iBanbcr^mann fexid^enben ^ferbe an unb ben SSagen unb ben SSeg unb fagte: „3a. \ai) er eine ^utfd^e am SBege Itegen. bie Uber nid^t^ gefreffen l^atten. id) 3^ mufe @ud^ nun elnen iCSagen l^erau^fenben. h)o er gefd^Iafen l^atte.

ftd^ su beellen? ftc^? @rsaf)(en (Ste bie gan^e ®efc^i(^te! ^efen ®ie biefelbe laut bor! ©c^reiben (Sie je^t eine 5(rbeit bariiber! (gr^al^Ien <Bk hk ®ef(^i(^te guerft alg gufjmxann. 3ft eg ber TM)t toert.ober ttymhe e« erft Hbenb? SBer fam auf ber ^Oatibftrafee gefaf)ren? 2Bag tat ber 3[)^ann? ilSeg fteinlo^ SSarum? unb eben? iBar ber ilBeTi traf ber frembe S^iann? iEBar biefer gu ^ferbe? SBanntDoIIte ber SD^ann in bag nSd^fte^orf fomtnen? SKoKte ber iSSanbergmann aud^ nod^ bal^ln? SKag fagte er? ilBte lautete bie 5lnttt)ort beg gufirmanng? ilSartete ber 9[)?ann auf ben iSSanberer? gul^r jener balb ah? 3)unfelte eg fc^on.112 gragcn SBar eg fci^on 5lbenb. atg ber SBanberer etne ^utfd^c im SSege ^annte SSag liegen fal^? er ben iCSagen unb ben ^ann? tat biefer? SSar er somtg? SKarunt? SSen mugte ber SSanberer gul^mxann fenben? SSann unb tiok tarn ber iESagen enblic^ an? pm gu SBarum ^o^nt eg taten bem gufe ganger bk ^ferbe fel)r leib?. bann alg ilBanberer! NOTE How How is is it the present participle formed? declined? .

njir n)iffen."3 Illustrate. etc. and fommen ©ie l^cr? What is it? How totnn. Note: id) treife. mufete. Is there Give the principal parts of ttJtffcn in sentences. any similarity between the conjugation of xtfy todft and some other verbs? Is there any difference between: ficfien ©ic ^in. bu njeifet. aU? verbs? Are verbs iliary of motion always expressed after modal aux- Illustrate. getcufet. do you distinguish between the conjunctions Illustrate. er meig. A'hy are . toatttt. h)iffen.

ben er tbol^Itcitigen SSerfe» im ?eben ge^en am meiften bergafe. Berber. ii)n SKie betragen in ber (Stunbe be^ 3. too er unfd^ulbig. obh)of)I biefer e^ am ef)rltd§ften tnit ii)m meinte. finb feine 'Bit allein begleiten if)n bi^ gum ^^l^rone be^ 9^td^terg. @eine 33ern)anbten unb greunbe begteiten ©rabe^ unb oft fel^ren toieber in t^ire ^ciufer. fein befter greunb. toenn forbert? gel^t nid^t tl^n ®ott bor ©erid^t ^a^ ©elb. bag ber Tlann bom ^id^ter freigefprod^en tourbe. fie boran. grt)eiunbr>kr3tgfte ^lufgabe ^tci Srcutibe ©in Tlann ber britte iDar \)attc bret greunbe. l^atte. 2. U)m gleld^gilltig." ftc^ fogleid^. (Stne^ ^ageg gel^en Inurbe er t)or ©erid^t geforbert. into the perfect tense. aber l^art berflagt toar* „SSer ixnter euc^/' fprad^ er. l^aufeg. berlafet i^n guerft unb mit if)m. !Der britte. gtt)ei Don il^nen Itebte er fel^r.:obe^. ^er erfte feiner greunbe entf(^ul= bigte ba^ er toegen anberer ©efd^cifte nid^t mit U)m somigen bon gel^en fonne. Rewrite the whole story by changing the preterit: 1.114 beginners' GERMAN direct questions or statements in this story Change the into indirect ones. unb s^^Qte fo freubig feiner Unfd^ulb. into the present. bi^ gur Xixv be^ !Der britte. . ®. ^rei greunbe fie ftd^ l^at ber Tltn\d) in biefer SSelt. fpred^en filr xi)n unb finben ^arml^ersigfeit unb ©nabe* 9lod^3. „tr)tll tnit mir unb filr mid^ geugen? ^enn td^ bin f)art t)ernagt toorben. ^er atoeite begleitete ii)n bi^ ^ux ZVix be^ dli^U t)or ba fel^rte er um unb ging au^ gurd^t bent D^id^ter priidf. auf ben er rebete fiir U)n am toentgften gebant ging f)inein.

ber feme ©d^ulb f)at. ber U)m glittigften am gleid^^ mr? iSSer fprad^ ben Tlann frei? 55 on itiem ttjurbe er freigefprod^en? 5Ber finb bie brei greunbe. bie tt)ir Ifiaben? . tft 3c«gcn l^eifet fiir ober gegen jemanben fpred^en. fd^ulbig* 3emanb. ift — SKa^ tut ein freubiger Wm\(^? dv — fi(^» Sragen SBie Diele greunbe l^atte ein Tlann? ^atU Ober er atle gleid^ gtuei t)on gem? i^nen fteber al6 ben britten? §atte er Ifiatte er ben britten om liebftcn? SSie ftanb er gum britten? SBer iDar ber el^rlid^fte unter feinen greunben? bor ©eric^t gerufen? ifiSann iDurbe ber ^ann ilBe^^alb? iBorum SSSie bat er feine greunbe? fic^ iSSomit entfc^ulbigte ber erfte greunb? meit ging ber gtDeite mit? ^e^lnegen inanbte er fic^? SSa^ tat ber britte greunb.beginners' GERMAN 5£Sa^ tut ein ^id^ter II5 tm ®ert($t? l^at. tft ilSer feme greube Ifiat. ber ©c^ulb (gtner. — . ilSorum ober bittet eiu (Sc^ulbtger? um 53 — ^r bittet um — Sa^ er? fiir ein Tlann ift ein somlger $D^ann? 3iinxt 2Ser greube l^at. tft ^a^ tut ein ©c^ulbiger? (Sr — — ftc§.

fie tniirben feinettnegen t)erftagt toorben fein. What is the auxiliary in the formation of the true passive voice of action? Is there a so-called passive of description or condition.Il6 beginners' GERMAN SBle bel^anbelt ber erfte greunb ben SD^cnfc^en in ber 3:obe^ftunbe? ©el^en bie ^todUn greunbe big gur ©rabe^tiir iSBie l^eifet ber britte mit? greunb beg 9}?enfd^en? Solgt il^m biefer big filr sum 9^i($tert]^ron? ilBag txtdixtt er ben 9[)?enf(^en? (^x^ai)Un <Sie bie gan^e gabel! :2efen ©ie ba^ ©tlic!! eg! (Sc^reiben ^k NOTE Supply the missing relative pronoun @in Warm.g. Preterit er h)irb [einetn3eGen DerHagt njerben. ii)x tr)art Perf. h)urbe eineg 3::ageg \)txtla^t is the difference in the use of cases between: einc)^ — greunbe in: What XaQt§ and jcbcn Xaq? PASSIVE — — bu Future — Perfect — — Pluperfect Cond. but he was accused (an accused person. — Present i(^ toerbe feineth)egen berflagt. he had been accused). where the past participle has adjective force? E. feinettnegen berflagt tcorben. U)n liebten. er iDurbe berflagt er it)ar Derflagt = = he was being accused. h)urbeft [einettoegen berflagt. rt)tr finb feinettDegen Derflagt hjorben. .

. I)reiunbr>ter3igftc Jlufgabe ^ic i^ij^crcn ©cftuleit ^eutfij^lanb^ !Die f)o^txtn ^nabenfc^ulen be« ^eutfd^en D^eic^cg s^rfallen in ©ijmnaften. Unterfefunba. b. beftanbener Ouinta. funbe.BEGINNERS^ GERMAN Distinguish similarly between: S)ie 3:uren tDerben ge[c^Io[[en (geoffnet). finb fo tierteilt. 9^a(f) Unterfefunba ober nac^ fe($g Saftt^en er!)alten bie jungen Seute bag (SiniaJrtg^greitDillige^^sitQ^^^ l^^ SLTtilitarbienft. 3^t^tien. 9f^aturh)tffenf(^aften. 5^ac{) beftanbenem enbgliltigen (Seamen trirb ber Dberprtmaner turient 5lbi* unb mufe gu alien llnlt)erfttat§ftubien an alien 21 beutfc^en llnlt)erfttaten jugelaffen nierben. unb bie ber britten 2lnftalt: Dberrealfdjliler. bie frembcn (^prac^en. and the indirect speech of the first friend into direct speech. bie ber smeiten: S^ealgtim- nafiaften. I). unb Dberrealfd^ulen. Ouarta. Oberfefunba. Religion. bie 3:uren finb gefc^loffen (geof[net)» 1 1*7 and How is the English "by" in connection with the passive rendered in German? Illustrate. Obertertia. both orally and in writing. the active into the passive. as far as possible. ^eutfd). gelel)rt. ©ingen unb STurnen ^te anberen Sel^rfac^er. unb an hm 11 tec5nlfd)en ^^od^fd^ulen (grb^ Qn alien l)ol)eren Sel)ranftalten n)erben ©efc^ic^te. Unterprima unb Oberprima. ^mat^ematif. D^ealgt^mnaften 5lnftalten f)aben einen neunjal^rigen ^urfu^. fieifeen ^te ^laffen in alien brei (Sc^ulen t)on unten auf: @ejta. Change the direct speech of the man into indirect discourse. Untertertia. Change in the last paragraph. Wit biefe ^ie (Schiller ber erften Slnftalt l^eifeen ©t^mnaftaften.

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^arf
SBie

ein 5lbiturient iiberalt ftubieren?
biele beutfd^e Uniberfitciten

fennen <8ie?

@eben

(Sie bie genteinfamen ^ef)rfac^er ber l)d]^eren

(Sd^ulen an!

119
SBte nennt

man

©rbfunbe

fonft noc^?
(Sl^iemie

!Dte ^otanif,

bie

^oologie, ^^l)ftf unb

fiitb 9^aturtr)iffenf(^aften,

SKeld^e

©prac^en h)erben auf bem ©ijmnafium

ge*

le^rt?
SBeld^e auf

bem D^ealgi^mnaftum?
auf ber Dberrealfc^ule?
bie 33orbi(bung ber f)of)eren
filter

Hnb

h)etd§e
ift

ilBeld^e^

® chiller?
in bie

3n

h)eld^em

fommen

fie

getool^nlid^

pfieren (Sd^ulen?

$at man

in ^eutfc^Ianb fiinftagigen Unterrid^t

iDoc^entlid^

ober mirb in 3)eutf(^Ianb an \t6)^

3:agen unterrid^tet?
SSie tDerben bie gerien eingeteilt?
iSSie

gut

toerbcn

bie

l^ofieren

©d^liler

augge*

bilbet?

^a^

fdnnen ®ie
(Sie

liber bie 9}?(ibc^enf$ulen

fagen?

©r^al^Ien

atte^,

tra^
lt)iffen!

©ie

ilber

hit

l^o^eren

beutfc^en ©d^ulen
33erglei(^en

©ie

bie

beutfd^en

(Sd^ulen

mit ben

amerifanifc^en ©d^ulen!
^efen

®ie ba^ ©tiid

je^t in

(^(^reiben ©ie einen

fleinen

^l^tem 58uc^e nad§! ^uffa^ bariiber!

NOTE
In what number are the names of the great holidays used
in

German?

E.g. SSeif)na(^ten, etc.

Substitute for serfaUen the verb cintctlcn» Substitute for ^ci^en the verb nctlttcn*

Jiat!^,

In the two sentences which begin with the preposition use the conjunction ttad^bcttt, orally and in writing.

I20

BEGINNERS* GERMAN
into the passive in
i(5 tie{)ine

Change

all

persons and tenses:

ntein 53u(5,
33ud^,

i(5

o[[ne

mein

td^ fd^liefee Id^ lege

mein ^ud^, mein ^ud^ I)in.
bon mir gcnommen, etc.

E.g.
9}?ein (bag) iBud^ h)irb

t)terunbr)ter3tgfte

Zlufgabe

^ic ^eutfc^cn

in 5(mcrifa

!^eutfd^e ftnb in ber gan^en ilBelt 3U finben,
naf)c

®ie

gcil^ilen

bei^

100

9l)^iIlionen,

Don benen nngefaf)r 68

9[)^ilIionen

in

^eutfd^Ianb unb 15
anc^
3cil()I

SD^illionen in £)fterrei(^ tDoffXim.

©^

gibt

t)iele

^eutfc^e in ber (B^\t)ci^ unb in D^uftlanb.

^ie
in

grofete

^eutfc^er

im

^In^Ianb ftnbet
brac^te,

man
er

in ben 33ereinigten
fid^

(Staaten*

©d^on

"ipenn
Diele

al^

1682

*iPenn:=

ft)lt)anien nieberliefe,

^eutfd^e, l^auptfad^Iid^ ^^^einpfalger,
18. ^ci^i^^unbertg betrad^tIrieber

mit, benen
lid^e

im

erften ^rittel be^

(Sd^aren folgten, bie

immer

neuen

9^ad§frf)ub

er^

l^ielten.

3ntereffant

ift

SD^inuit,

1626 gum
tDurbe,
grofee

bai ein ^eutfd^er, nameng ^eter erften irirflid^en ©oubemeur Don ^ttd
e^,

gorf

gemcil^lt

nad^bem

er

bie

22
100

englifd^e

Ouabrat^

meilen

Sn\d
f)atte.

33?anbattan
(Sd^on

flir

2)?arf

Don ben 3n=

bianem

gefauft

im

Qat)ve
bie

1787

bilbete fid^ eine

beutfd^e ©efellfc^aft in 9^eh) g)orf,

Don ben

angefel^enften

beutfd^en ^aufleuten

unb ©runbbefi^em

begriinbet toorben tioav

unb Don

il^nen unterftil^t tDurbe.

^ag 3a^v 1848
irie

brad^te Diele 3)eutfd^e nad^ 5lmerifa.

(giner

ber beften Don il^nen, ^avl ©d^urg, ein ebenfo guter ®eutf(^er
treuer iBiirger ber 3Sereinigten (Staaten, bef)anbelte in Diel^

BEGINNERS GERMAN
beac^teter

121

^ebe ben

(Sinflufe
frcifttg

beg ^exttfc^tum^ auf bte
bie ^eutfd)=5lmerifaner

Union

unb

seigte babel,

trie

an bem
!)aben»

gortfdjritt beg ]()umanen ©eifteg in

Hmertfa mitgen)tr!t

Unter anberem fagte

er,

bag

bie 3)eutfc^en bie "iPflege ber

^unft

unb beg ©efangeg

ntitgebrac^t l^atten, fo ba\^ bie 9?aft t)on ber

5lrbeit in alien ^laffen beg 3Solfeg mef)r

unb mef)r bon bem

©onnenfc^ein eineg l^eiteren Sebenggenuffeg burc^Ieuc^tet n)erbe.
„9^i(5t allein tdiv," fo fagte

^arl (Scaurs, „fonbem
beren 33orurteil
erft

jefet

aud^

eine

SD^el^rsal^I

t)on

benen,

iiberirunben

iDerben muBte, freut

fid^ biefer

^efe^rung gum grofifinn."

Unb

toie

auf amerifanif(^em SBoben ein !l)eutf(^er in befd^ei*

bener SSeife bie 33erbienfte ber 3)eutfd^en

um

bie 33ereinigten

(Staaten betonte, fo tat bieg in
faner auf beutfd&er Srbe,
gentlic^
SD^ai

iDeit fraftigerer 5lrt ein

5lmeri^

unb

^tt)ax 3:f)eobore ^^oofebelt gele^

feiner

5SorIefung in ber Berliner Uniberfitat

am

12.

1910.

@r

bemerfte, ha^

er in biefeg !^anb

Don ru^m^
^Ingel^o*

boiler 33ergangenf)eit

unb

glcingenber

©egen^art
.

alg

riger eineg jungen 33oIfeg
©influfe
grofe,

auggeiibt: „2)er

fomme, auf bag 3)eutfc^Ianb grofeen beutfdje 5lnteil an unferem ^lut ift

faft Don 5lnbeginn an ift bag beutfd^e Element unter ben einanber folgenben SBogen bon 5(nfommIingen, beren ^in-

benn

begfinber in bie amerifanifc^e 9^ation berarbeitet tDorben finb

unb nod)

b3erben, grofe getDefen;

unb

ic^ felbft fuf)re

meine

5lb=

ftammung auf

jenen

3^^tg

ber 9^ieberbeutf(^en ^uriid, n)eld^er
'i)at

^odanb aug
loir f^aben

ber 5^orbfee emporgel^oben
if)nen nic^t

Unb

noc^ mel^r,

bon

nur einen

grofeen 3:eil

ht^ ^luteg,

bag burc^ unfere

Hbem

rinnt,

entnommen, fonbem auc^ einen

grofeen ^eil ber ©ebanfenmett, burc^ toelc^e unfere 3}en!arbeit

beftimmt
SO^an

n)irb."

nimmt

an, bafe in ben 33ereinigten ©taaten nal^e an

brei 5D?iIlionen in ^eutfc^lanb geborene 'iperfonen n)o!)nen. "^ie

3af)l aller aug beutfc^en gamilien

ftammenben ^etooliner,

b.

I).

122
jener,

beginners' GERMAN
beren beibe

©Item ober beren
ift

IBater ober Tlutttx in

2)eutfd^Ianb geboren it)urben,

aber mit neun 3}?i(Uonen nld^t
gef)nten 3:eil ber

gu

]^od& Qcfcfiafet;

bag mac^t ben

©efamtbebol^
©. 837.

ferung an^,

gfJad^ „:Dcutf(|Ianb als SScItmad^t/

Sragen
iEBo ftnb bte ^entfc^en gn finben?

SBie

t)iele

^eutfc^e

^ai)lt

man im

gangen?

5£3ie t)lele (Sinn)o]^ner f)at

^eutfd^Ianb?

Hnb
iEBag

bte 53ereinigten

<Staaten?

SESer brac^te biele ^entfc^e
fiir

mit nad)

5lnterifa?
grbfeten 2:eil?
iiffent-

^anb^Ieute n)aren bie^

gnm

iSSelc^er

^entfd^e tt>urbe gnerft in Hmerifa

lid^ geef)rt?

SIBoju tDurbe er getDctl^It?

mt
Unb
SBie

^iefe

ber

etaat

9^en) 2)orf

perft?

n)ie bie
t)iere

©tabt?
"ipeter

^Dollar begalilte

Tlimit fUr

9}?an^

l^attan?

3n

melc^em 3al)re beg nenngel^nten 3a]^rf)unbertg fanten t)iele 3)eutf(^e nad^ 5Imerifa? ^arum?
toiffen

SKag

©ie

t)on

^arl ©c^urg?
(Elat)

^ennen

(Sie feine ^iic^er ilber ^enri)

nnb

Slbral^am Lincoln?

^alten ©ie

il^n fiir

einen grogen

Mann?

2tht ^arl ed^ura noc^?

§at

er je ein offentlic^eg

5lmt befleibet?

SBelc^e

^ugenben
grofee

l^aben bie ^entfd^en nad^ toe^*

rifa mitgebrad^t?
iSSeld^er

Slmerifaner betonte ebenfallg ben

(Sinffug

ber ^eutfd^en auf

unb

bie

53erbienfte

berfelben urn bie 35ereinigten

©taaten?

!I)a^ ift nic^t gu glauben! 3(^ {)cibe e^ fagen f)oren» !Sag ia^t ftc^ i)offen (possibility). @^ ttJurbe hm lieben langen 3:ag gegeffen unb getrunfen* Observe : Wan finbct t)iele Hu^Ianber in biefem ^anbe. (Sine ©efeKfc^aft Bitbet ftd). 9^oofet)eIt^ iBemer* fungen! 2Sie iiberfe^en ©ie: ^eutfc^e finb iiberatt gu finben. miinblic^ unb fc^riftlic^.beginners' GERMAN SBo iDurbe iSSie ift ilBie 1 23 biefe 9^ebe gei^alten? SSann? 3)eutfc^Ianb^ 33ergangen]^eit? feme ©egentDart? $aben 2Bag benfen ©ie bon ^Deutfd^Ianb^ ^ufunft? biete Hmerifaner beutfd^e^ ^lut in il^ren mem? SBeld^er ^Ibftammung ift ^l^eobore 9^oofet)eIt? SBie Diele ^eutfc^^Slmerifaner follen in ben 5Ser* einigten (Staaten tool^nen? (Srs(i{)Ien ©ie. ira^ (Sie ilber bie !I)eutf(5en in %mmfa !i?efen gu fagen f)a6en! ©ic bie ^arftellung! ®eben ^k bie SSieberl^oIung berfelben fd^riftlid^! NOTE SSertDanbetn birefte 9?ebe! ©ie bie inbireft gegebene D^ebe toon ^arl ©d^urg in Unb ben bire!t gegebenen @a^ in inbirefte 9?ebe! ^ertranbeln ©ie. Is the passive used as much in German as it is in English? Does every verb form a personal passive in German? .

^eutfc^e grauen. ^eutfd^Ianb. !Deutf(^e granen. 5iinfunbr>ier3tgfte Zlufgabe (Review) ^cutfdftknb iiber attc^ 1. beutf(^e 2reue. an ben ^elt.124 Is the passive beginners' GERMAN always used when the agent is expressed? German avoid the passive voice. !Dentfd^er SBein unb beutfd^er ©ang! . @r gab mx einen SBIeiftift* Passive: / was given a pencil (a pencil was given me). Wxt h)urbc etn S3Ieifttft t)on ifitn gegeben. liber alle^ in ber iBelt. and what English in the use of the passive. tiber atleg in ber iSSelt! 2. ^eutfd^Ianb liber aEe^. ^Deutfd^Ianb liber atlc6. 55on ber 9}iaa^ bi^ an 5Son ber (gtfc^ h\^ bie ^tmt\. ^eutfd^Ianb. How does the substitutes are used? Observe the Active: flexibility of He gave me a pencil. Un^ lu ebler Xai begeiftem Unfer ganged Seben lang. iESenn e^ ftet^ lu ©d^ufe unb Xmi^t ^rliberltd^ gufammenl^alt. ^eutf(^er SBein unb bentfc^er (Sang (SoIIen in ber ^elt bel^alten 3()ren alien fc^onen ^lang. beutfd^e 5treue.

fopfagen ein Xtil beg iBaltifc^en 9}?eereg. bie 3}^emel auf beutfd^em ^oben? 5£3o liegen bie anberen ©elnaffer? ^eigen <Sie alleg auf ber Cartel iCSarum fieifet eg im Dften !5)eutf(^Ianbg unb nid^t i)on ^eutfc^Ianb? SBag fann man @ie anftatt ftet^ noc^ fagen? SBie milrben (Bit gu 53erfte]f)en ®c^u^ unb Xvui^ augbriicfen? {e^t bag Sieb? (Singen Bk eg! Semen (Sie eg fur bie nctc^ften (Stunben augtcenbig. unb bie Stfc^ finb gluffe. ilSo? ift im SSeften t)on ^eutfd^Ianb. t)on ^Iu6ebeutf(^eg33aterlanb! ^offmonn SDte 9[)?aag. ^mi^' im ©lanse blefe^ ©lUde^. bag ^a^ Sieb ber ^ewtfrfien genannt irirb* . ift im 9lorben t)on !Deutfd^lanb. :3)ie 9J?emcI ift im Dften ^Deutfc^Ianb^. fo bafe @ie eg and) fc^reiben fonnen! Hoffmann bon gaKergleben auc^ ift ber ^ic^ter biefeg (feit g^ationalliebeg ber ^eutfd^en 1871). ^ie @tfd& ift im ©ilben bon ^eutfd^tanb. fieifet ©ag 3ft ^altifd^e SD^eer getDo^inlic^ bk Oftfee.BEGINNERS' GERMAN 3» ©inigfeit 12$ unb dltf^t unb ^Jretl^eit glir ha^ beutfc^e 5SaterIanb. !Danac^ lafet un^ al(e ftreben i8ruberli(^ mlt §ers unb ^anb! ^Inigfeit unb D^ed^t unb greil^ett (Stub beg ©liicfeg Unterpfanb. bte 9D?emet ^^QncrSlcbcn. unb ber ^ie maa^ ^elt.

©panien unb bann tief bi^ nad^ Ungarn unb tDieber norbn)art^ nad^ (gnglanb. bie neuen fid^ 55erfe]^r^t)er* pltniffe bien[tbar su madden. gefiil^rt. baran ben §auptteil reid^e ^i^^befonbere tdavtn hit gugger unb SBelfer. Ulm unb 9^iimberg» !Die (gntbedhing neuer §anbelgn)ege am ^lu^gang be^ TlitttU altera fanb hit !Deutfd^en nid^t untfttig. befe^t unb foEte rid^tiger SSelferlanb is l^eifeen* It ^od& of course. 2lug^burg.126 5Dte BEGINNERS' GERMAN Tlelohk riil^rt bon ^at)bn ^tv unb ift Qleid^* Scitig bie 9D?eIobie fUr hie ofterreid^ifd^e 9^ational^ ^tjmm: „®ott erlfialte granj ben ^aifer*" 5edjsunbr>ter3tgfte 2lufgabe' ^eutfcfttanb^ ©tcHung in ber aSeltnjirtftfiaft l^at 3n 55o(fe ben 3^iten ber 53olfern)anberung tnnen)o]^nenbe SSanbertrieb bte ber bent beutfc^en ©emianenftamme nad^ granfreic^. l^inein bent ©iiben unb SSeften 5Ifrifa. ber ©eminnung ber Dftfee begann ailge. ^aufleute in 5lug^burg. Unb fc^on balb nad^ ber @ini* gung ber beutfd^en (Stamme unter ben erften fraftt)oIIen ^ad)fenfaifem. bluf)ten bie SSol^npIcifee im (Sltben ^eutfd^Ianb^ auf: SSien. felbft ju (Sroberungen unb Hnfiebe^ ^^eneguela lungen auf frentbem iBoben finb iDurbe ' fie fortgefcfiritten. n)enngleid^ bie rotnani* fd^en 9^ationen. (Sie fid^ ^ahtn glotten aug ant fpanifd^en @e= fpanifd^en ^cifen au^t^tn ja laffen unb n)iirs]^anbel beteiligt. hit iBliitejeit ber beutfd^en ^anfa* S^^ aU bie italienifd^en ^anbel^ftcibte ntel^r in 3ctt ber ^reughtn 3Sorber* grunb traten. nad^ ^talien. f)atten» bie ^ortugiefen unb (Spanier. . but be omitted at the discretion of the teacher. rather difl&cult. This reading extract is extremely illuminating. bann unter ben $ot)enftaufen unb fpfiter in ber 3^tt be^ ©eutfd^^errenorbeng erh)iefen hit ^Deutfd^en il^ren ^eruf al^ I^olonifatoren ber 9^orb= unb Oftntarfen in 9[)^it l^eifeen ^cintpfen gegen SBenben unb ^reufeen. may. beftrebt.

l^aben ntel^r l^unbertg alg 5 9[)?iI(ionen 3)eutfd^e fid^ neue . fd^on fein 9^ad^foIger. §olIanb unb (Snglanb rlffeti SBof)I berfudfite ber ©rofee ^urfiirft. ^ottober I)erangen)ad^fen mar unb bie bie iBebeutung be^ 9D?eere^ al^ Ouelte ber 55oIfergro6e fennen gc* lernt ^atU. ber 53ater griebrid^g beg ©rofeen. unb griebrid^ SSil^elnt I. liber 200 ^a^re litt ba^ beutfd^e 53oIf unter feinen ungliidf^ feligen politifd^en 33er]^altniffen.. 3tn S^al^re 1683 marb beg @infpru(^g eiferfiid^tiger ^IRad^te t)on einent 3:eile ber ^iifte ^efife ergriffen. bie ©c^opfung einer §anbe(^fIotte unb ©riintrofe bung einer ^olonie in SSeftafrifa.. breitung gelangt tDie faum anbergrtjo. berfaufte feinen ^efife an bie ^orianbifd^^^eftinbifc^e ^ompagnie fiir 6000 ^ufaten. l^aupt^ (Seit bent 5Infang beg 19. ftd§ 9^ur langfant bereitete ber Sintritt !Deutfd^tanbg in bie ^er (Sinn fiir frembeg ^ei^e ber iESeltl^anbelgmad^te Dor. eg tdav nteerfremb getrorben. ^ie unntittelbare 53eranlaffung !3:)eutfd§Ianbg fctd^Iic^ gur (gntmidflung ber ilberfeeifd^en ^ntereffen aber tourbe bie beutfd^e 5Iugn)anberung. unb bent ^lidfgang beg gemerblid^en ^ebeng folgte notmenbiger* n)eife ber beg geiftigen. iSBoIfgtum unb frembe Sigenart tt)ar in ^eutfd^Ianb intnter Slufeerbem tt)av hk ^ennt^ nig ber fretnben Sprad^en bei ung allmci^lid^ gu fold^er 33er^ rege. biefe ^eftrebungen n)enig ^ntereffe. bag ber]^ei6unggt)oIIe gort ©rofe^griebrid^gburg erric^ tet. ber erfte preufeifc^e \)attt fiir ^onig griebric^ I. unb 2Iber ^anbelgbesie^ungen iDurben eroffnet. -3a]^r= nad§ 9^orbamerifa. h)urben bie beutfd^en ^olonifatoren immer mt^v au^ ii)vm §anbelgbe3ief)ungen t)erbrangt» ^ie grauentjollen 3^tten be^ !Drei6i9iaf)rtgen J^'riege^ boKenbeten ben 53erfaII be^ beutfd^en §anbe(^ ^u ?anb unb gur ba^ beittfd^e Srbe an ftc^» ber in ber ©(^nle ber (See.BEGINNERS GERMAN ol^ne 1 27 Unterftttfeung burdB ba'B dlti^. leiber oft su feinetn (Sd^aben. bent eine JJIotte fel^Ite.

. ift grofe. too ie^t 8-9 SD^iltionen !Deutfd^e leben. bann ^nbien 3af)xe be^ 5Serfe]^r. ©ag in ben ^d^u^gebieten angelegte Capital toirb auf 240 SD^illionen '^avt gefc^ci^t.2 Tlaxt erreid^t l)at. oft ben SSert bieler SJJillionen befil^enben SSarenlagern* 3n SD^ittelamerifa. befi^en ^eutfdf)en bebeutenbe ^anbelgnieberlaffungen ntit getoal* tigen. betoeifen feeifd^en unb ntef)r ntit bie in jiingfter 3^it errid^teten ©benfo toenben fid^ bie ^eutfd^en in ben anterifanifd^en ^cinbem in gunefintenbent ^D^afee bent ^au bon ^anfen. nnb 3(tpan offnete sn ^eginn ber 60er borigen S^a^rl^unbert^ feine ^cifen bent beut[(^en ^zutt bollenb^ umfpannen jefet bie t)on ^eutfd^Ianb au^* lanfenben 33erfef)r^fdben. gefud^t. eg ]f)infic^tlid^ fomit nnter ben ^oloniatmctd^ten feiner beg gldd^eninf)altg iBefi^ungen fd^on an britter (Bulk. 9i)2illiarben 1904 bie getoaltige (Summe 12. $D^ejifo unb ben ^cinbem ber ftiblid^en ©olbfiifte f)aben fic^ beutfc^e "ipiantagenbefi^ungen erfieblid^er gu iSBid^tigfeit emporgefd^toungen* ntel^r ^afe ber beutfd^e bent beutfd^en iiber- §anbel in 5lmeri!a aud^ Capital arbeitet. SSeftinbien. bie ^^erfel^r^be^ie^ungen gu Slmerifa ben ^anbel nnferer §anfaftdbte toieber emporber oftlid^en brad^ten. 5luf ^lali&fugel tourbe perft (Sf)ina. 1903 i)on bereitg nnb beren @in= unb 5Iugfuf)r]^anbeI betrug 67 Mllionen Tlavt 3Sont ©efantttoerte beg ber beutfd^en ^lufeenl^anbelg. befonberg in ^itUh unb ^iibanterifa. fiauptfctc^lld^ in 5^orbamerifa. entfallen | auf ben (Seel^anbeL 3n bie Hnterifa. ^ie tnirtfd^aftlirfje (Sin* bnfee. t)on 9fJeif)e unb eg bef)errfd^t l^eute fte!)t ein ©ebiet bent giinffad^en feiner eignen ©rofee. 5lnberfeit§ aber finb e^ in erfter QetDefen.128 SKol^nfi^e in ber grembe. bie unfer 5SaterIanb baburc^ !2inic bie erlitt. bie (Silbfee fiinlibersiel^en. erfd^Ioffen. aud^ nac^ 5luftralien unb ber ben gan^en ©rbbalL (Seit iBeginn ber 80er ^o^tre ift ba^ !I)eutfd^e ^eid^ in bie ber ^otoniatntcid^te eingetreten.

bte e^ bortfelbft beft^t. 5(ud^ 5Ifrifa ^at fiir ba^ ^^eutfd^e ^eid^. einfc^Iieglid^ 9^eu^(Seeranb. Hfien finben bi^ fid^ Sn beutfd^e (Singapore SBIabitnoftof. augliDcirtiger toie bem ganjen (Srbenrunb am gortf(f)ritt ber SSie munberbar nun audf) ^eutfd^Ianb^ getoad^fen. aU e^ gum beutfd^en ^olonialbereid^ gel^ort. 3n biefem ©rbteil beftef)t eine grofeere ^In^al^I SO^it beutfc^er gaftoreien ®ef(^aft^f)aufer» beutfc^em Capital ftnb mti)vtxt ^af)nen gebaut. beutfd^er . unb s^ar nic^t blofe burc^ bie ^olonien. beutfd^e tagen auf (Sumatra unb anbern 3^nfeln. SSelcf) riefen^afte ift beutfd^e^ unb an ben ^ucfer^ Capital mit bielen ^iU beutfc^en ©eifte^. grogen mirtfd^aft^ lid^en iJSert. ^ngenieure unb beutfc^er 9^id^t gering finb bie beutfc^en SSirtfc^aft^intereffen fogar in ^uftralien unb ber (Siibfee. n)ie §anbel feine grofe feine 5Iugn)anberung. ^eben bod^ in ^luftralien felbft. unb mieberum fefir be- unb trdc^tltd^ tft bie 5(nlage beutfd^en ^apitalg in ben fiibafrifani= §anbel^nieberlaffungen bon gaftoreien unb "i]3Ian= fc^en Tlimn.129 (Sifenbafinen gu. beutf(^e Offtjiere unb beutfc^e 9[)?iffionare auf SD^enfd^^eit. beutfd^e gorfd^er. tet bie ^eutf(§=5lfiatifd^e iBanf.000 !Deutfd^e! ^Tuc^ ba^ (Siibfeegebiet fommt fiir un^ nic^t blofe infoineit in iBetrad^t. 3SteIe gabrifen ftnb mit beutfd^em Capital unb bielfad^ fogar mit beutfc^em 9D?ateriaI eingertc^tet. beutfd^en (S^elbeS (Summe beutfd^er ^raft. 3n (Sc^angl^ai arbei- unb bie fleinafiatifd^en ^af)nen finb gum grofeten 3:eile ba^ SSerf beutfc^er ©eologen. plantagen l3on §amaii lionen SD^arf beteiligt. 5(uf Xai)[ti finb ebenfall^ gaftoreien in beutfd^em ^efi^. liber 100. bie n)id)tig ^olonien hjerben mogen: SBurjeln beutfd^er ^raft unb . 9^eben ben beutfd^en ^aufleuten arbeiten beutfd^e ?e!)rer.f?)apitatiften. ^aum ift ha im glug! geringer finb bie iBilbung^beftrebungen be^ beutfd^en 35oIfe6 iiber (See gemad^^ fen.

jum ^reuje. neibifc^. ©etftbcd. gorfc^er finb 90^anner ber SBtffenfd^aft. ^te (Sc^olte ift ber bie ^rbe. groceries. (gr^artungen. ^ie garben rot^ ber beutfd^en gaf)ne finb fd^toara. English: support). Opfer p bringen. SBelttotrtfd^aft bebeutet intemattonater ^anbeL ^reujgilgc iDaren (Sjpebitionen e^rifti. alleS tun tDoIlen. ©elel^rte* Unablafftg l^etfet anbauemb. gortfd^ritt auf alien ©ebieten be^ (Sblen aber bie opferfreubige §lngabe an giirft nur unablcifftger unb ®utcn. {)at bcutfd^er ©rdfee licgen 9^ur unabldfftQe 5lrbeit auf l^eimatUc^er (Sc^oIIe SBolt iDieberum ba§ beutfd^e p 3)^a(^t unb ©rofee gefiifirt. Opferfreubig fein l^eigt freubig (tDillen^) fein. e^ aud^ in fiinftigen 3^iten auf feiner ^oI)e erf)altcn. ®rabe. ^oben. 33erbrangen bebeutet forttretben. SSerl^eigung^boK fietfet t)oI( Don 33er]^ei6ungen. fortrt)af)renb. Unterftlifeen f)ei6t l^elfen (cf. fc^redtttd^.130 BEGINNERS^ GERMAN tm ^oben ber beutfd^en ^eimat. ©rauenbolt fieifet furd^tbar. fid^ l^ingeben. !Die ^inbufee bebeutet 35erluft (ma^ berloren ift). !Dte (Sntbecfung Ift ba^fetbe tole 5Iufftnbung ((gr^ finbung)* ©etDiir^e l^eifet auf englifd^ spices. 5Serfpre(^ungen. ^tferfilc^tlg ift mifegunftig. . bor altem unb 33aterlanb tDerben SI. SBarunt fagt man: Diele 5D^ilIionen Wlaxt? hjeife.

t)ollem 3:rabe eilten fie nad^ ^aufe gu ben (Sltem. „9^un benn. fc^rttt er an einem ^benb ©trafeen* furs ^0^ SSei^nac^ten ojne ^egleitung bie 3)a fa^ er bor (Spielmarengefd^cift^ S^Det ^naben ^licf en trat bie tfovL au^gelegten bem (©d^aufenfter eine^ hk mit fel^nfiic^tigen @r ^errlid^feiten betrad^teten» ftel^en. bie t)or 3n freubigem @(^redf faum ein SSort beg 3)anfeg fanben. „fo n)i6t rtiiinfc^en n)ag eud^ gu SSeil^nad^ten fonnt. 131 . §err ^eutnant. b ie nid^t njenig fie erftaunten." fagte ber ^nabe barauf nnb nng ettDag fo fd^aute bem ^rin^en mit feinen blauen ^lugen t)iel breift in^ ©efic^t. iDer ber SSeil)nad^tg= mann il)rer ^inber getcefen 21. ha^ er toill id^ ©d^one^ faufen fann*"^ „9^un. bie ben *i(3rinsen nid^t fannten. bann euer SSeibna(f)tgmann fein!" "^Ra^ biefen SSorten trat ber "iprin^ in ben Saben.SUPPLEMENTARY READING (Lessons 36-41) ^rins mit\tlm aU nod^ grcunb bcr tlnbct m^ bmd) f?aifer ifiSil^eltn IL aU Wm iti ^ot^bant lebte. anttDortete rafc^: „!I)ort ha^ ©c^iff. 3)er ctltefte ber beiben ^riiber." „^a6 gelit nid^t. ©ngclicn unb ^. „unfer 53ater l^at nid^t fo ©elb. eg ift gar gu fd^on!" il^r fa. Sted^ncr. il^r 3nngen/' ern)iberte ber *iPrins. tioa^ ii)mn benn t)on ben fd^onen ^ingen am beften gefiele. alg in bem ^aben toar* erful)ren. ii)v ]f)tnsu unb belaufd^te eine iJSelle finblid^e^ ©epiauber* !Dann fragte all er fie mit freunblid^er 9J2iene. faufte bag (Sd^iff unb liberreid^te eg ben ^naben.

" „Unb bod^/' fagte ber 35ater." @r lofte ba^ ^ilnbel auf unb jerbrad^ einen ^tah nad^ bem anbern mit geringer TlVii)t. aufgeloft. ^aht ftcirfere ©lieber. einige bofe SO^enfd^en l^atten bie UneiniGfeit sunu^e gu madden. bie ofterS mttetnanber uneln^ fie Uber bem ^^nfen unb (Streiten berfciumten 3ci. fo ge^t e^ eud^ trie ben ^tahtn. ba\^ if)r unb lagt euern ftieg ®ofin laufen. fammengebunben biefeg legte il^nen fieben ©tcibe bie feft su* tdavtn. ba^ eud^ berbinben foil. 5(rbeit. fo ift e^ eud^. ^a liefe ber el^miirbige ®rei^ eine^ XaQt^ ©obne pfammenfommen. fagt: ^ommt ii)v ein iESanberer unb „^a^ ift nid^t rec^t. um if)r (Srbteit ^u bringen. ftd^ biefe ©o^ne nac^ bem 3:obe alle fieben t)or. „(ii. eud§ ubern)altigen fonnen» SSSirb aber ha^ iBanb ber (Sintrad^t. ber iBiinbel ^tcibe entgrneibrid^t. „fo ift e^ freilid^ leid^t. ©olange unb niemanb mirb feft pfammenl^altet. 33ater." riefen bie ©ol^ne. ii)v meine (Soigne. be^ 53ater^ um bie im ©inne. l^unbert gro^e Xakv ieber bar.132 beginners' GERMAN ^ic ficBcn Siabc ©in 5Sater iDurben. unb gar nad^ langem dergeblid^en ^emuf)en: „(g§ ift nid^t moglid^. „ift nid^tg leid^ter. fo fonnte e^ ein fteiner ^nabe!" ^er mit hjerbet 5Sater aber fprac^: „SSie e^ mit ben (Stdben it)v ift. bie l^ier gerbrod^en auf bem iBoben uml^erliegen*" Seltfamer ©^jasicrrttt (Sin SO^ann reitet auf feinem (Sfel nad^ §au^ unb lafet reitet feinen SBuben gu gufe neben^ier laufen." ^a ber 53ater ." atte @iner nad^ bem anbern ftrengte fagte feine ^rcifte an. unb fagte: ^^emjenigen Don saf)Ie id) euc^. l^atte fteben ©ol^ne. befte^en.

tcag bie ^a^e freffe.SUPPLEMENTARY READING bom bu Sfel l^erab 1 33 unb Ilefe ben (Sol^n reiten* ift ^ommt bu f)aft n)leber ein SSanber^tnann reiteft unb fagt: „!Da^ nid^t red^t. bag fold^ ein ^ier aud^ leben irenn eg feine SD^tiufe unb ^^atten mel^r gabe. ^ommt ein ein brttter ^anber^mann unb ^erle auf einem fagt: „SSa^ beibe ift bag fiir Un^ t)erftanb. SSic bie SSafunger eine ^a^e fauften im ^aufe unb ^^atten unb toufetc ©amal^ gab eg aber nod^ feine f)elfen» ^a^en in SSafungen. unb ber ©ol^n banb il^m bie ^intern ^eine jufammen. bag' unb Iciffeft beinen 53ater ju gug iiingere ^eine. unb . ful^r mit feinem ^ned^t ®elb. angufragen. 53urfc^e. menu gu gufe gel^en? leid^ter. l^alb freffe.iere? ©ollte man nic^t einen @tocf nel^men unb eud^ l^inabiagen?" ^a ftiegen beibe ah ber 53ater bierter unb gingen felbbritt gu gufe. ba^ ein guteg (BtM Huf bem er bergeffen. ^ag ber 5D^ann nid^t ab)eimal fagen. fid^ benn biefeg 2:ier bertilgte bie 'iDlau\t. gmei fd^n)a(5^en 2. fanbte beg= ben ^ned^t suriidf. ber an ber ©trafee meit fann^g ftanb." ^a fafeen beibe auf unb ritten eine ©tredfe. fo n)urbe er ber ©in ^irt f)atte biel Tlau\t fid^ gor^nid^t melf)r ju ^lage balb log liefe fein. ^a h3urbe bem SSirt angeraten. unb trugen ben (Sfel auf ber 5ld^fel @o fommen. er folk nac^ 9)^einingen fa^ren unb eine ^a^e faufen. (gfel bie iDenn einer bon eud^ reitet?" ^a ©e^t^g nid^t banb ber 33ater bem borbern ^eine gufammen. benn er bebad^te. unb bie faufte eine fiel ^eimtocg ^a^e um ibm bei. loag ^a^e n)oIIe. gefien. menu man e^ alien !2euten tDttt red§t madden. red^t^ unb linfg unb ©ol^n unb in ber Tlittt ber (SfeL ^ommt ein fagt: ^tnei i^Banber^mann unb nid^t „3^v feib brei furiofe ®efellen» Q\f^ genug. fid^ gu erfunbigen. jogen einen ftarfen ^aumpfal)! burd^.

?. mag benn freilid^ aud^ toa^x fein. unb red&t mit ijnen . ein bofer im iESalbc berftedft unb bu if)n gefd^impft l)ahe. (Sinmal fd^rle er auf ber SSiefe: „§o. un^ ®ott tda^ ^a^e?" — „2ltle^!" mar alk^l" mv ber hjieber^olte SBefd^eib. ^ierauf lief er fid^ nad§ §aufe unb flagte e^ ber ^utttv. 3)ie 93?utter fprad^: „!^ieg= mal {)aft bid^ felbft angeflagt ^u ^a\t nid^t^ bemommen ein freunb^ aU ben iEBiberfiall beiner eignen iBorte» ^atteft bu lid^e^ ilBort in ben SSalb f)ineingerufen. 5ltle f)al(ten getreulid^ mieber surildf* @r fud&te f)ierauf ben bermeinten ^naben rad^en. f)opp!" ^ie ©tinttne (gr rief rief aud^: bu?" dv „3)u bift ein bummer 3unge!" unb —„2Ber „bummer bift 3unge!" l^aKte e^ au6 bem SSalbe surlidf.134 fuf)r einftmeilen BEGINNERS' GERMAN nad^ §aufe» „S!flun. „(Si. fragte her bie $crr neugierig: bie 5lnth)ort ." ^0^ Tlan mit mand^en ayiittageffcn im ^ofc unb unmoglid^ !^ag e^ fei. 33c(!^ftcin. fo toare bir aud& ein freunblid^e^ jurildfgefommen. fonbern nur iDunberlid^.M^^?" — n3a. ^nbeffen finb Diele t)on fold^en SD?enfd^en nid^t fd^Iimm. Ifiopp!" ©ogleid^ riefg l^ierauf ber^ Im naf)en iSSalbd^en aud^: iDunbert: „^tv fd^rie: bift bu?" „§o. fonnte aber im gan^en tt)ie iSBalbd^en. ©eorg iDarb (trgerIid& unb rief immer cirgere ©d^impfnamen in ben SSalb l^inein. ^ie frifet ber ^nec^t anfatn. mie fd^ttier 2)?enfd^en au^jufommen. unb inenn man fie nur im^ mer red^t fennte. um ^ube fid^ an i{)m gu niemanb finben. bel^iit t)or fo einem Xier!" (Sprad^'^ unb fd^icfte bie ^a^e augenblidlid^ n^ieber priid. ^er SSiberftatt !Dcr fleine ©eorg mufete nod^ nid^tg Don bem SBiberl^att. inn)enbig unb au^menbig. flagt f)(iufig bariiber.

Ittc^elte l^eimlid^ iiber ben fcOnellen @infal( fiir bie feineg ^luftoarter^ unb banfte i^m im ©erjen gute ^ef)re. Don beiben. (Bo tarn einmal ber §err fe^te ftc^ fel^r ^aufe unb l^eife sum 9D^ittageffen» ^a toar bie Buppc gu ober gu fait ober feine^ briefetic^. unb toarf fie burc^ l)ierauf i£3a^ tat gleifc^. aber genug. toa^ barinnen ber toar.SUPPLEMENTARY READING umgUQel^en tdixvc ift 135 toix^tt. iibergab er il^n ber Dbrigfeit ber ncid^ften Btabt. BoQkid) bamit fie ben il^m: ^igentlimer ermittle. — erfannte feinen ge^Ier. ber ba6 er eben auf ben ^ifd^ fteKen toollte. S^ glaubte nid^t anber^. tttovan er unfd^ulbtg hjar. Sttiei njtffen t§ (gin ^anbtoerf^burfd^e fanb einen ^eutel mit (^tlb. ^ie ?uft ift fo f)eiter. bann ba^ ^rot. ber §err toar t)er= ©r fafete baf)er bie ©c^iiffel mit bem. ^eiterte fid^ im Inblidf beg fd^onen grlx^^ lingg^immelg auf. ^a fagte fein ^amerab p „^a^ . toie lieblid^ ber 21pfelbaum toie frol^lid^ bk Sienen U)xm 33?ittag l)alten!" ^ie^mal bie (Suppe fiinabgetoorfen unb ntmmer! 3)er §err ^immel fo UVi% unb blau. toa^ nod^ barauf toar* „53ern3egener. Mi unb rul^ig: „53ersei]^en Bk mir. h)a6 foil ba^ fein?" fragte ber mit brol^enbem ertoiberte gan^ 9}?einung 3om auf. bann ben iEBein unb enblid^ ba^ ^ifd^tud^ mit allem. ber ©ie nur. ^urj befonnen toarf er ha^ nic^t^. tote e^ oft gel^t. aU Bk oon bem ©effel §err unb ful^r Hber ber ^ebiente toollten l^eute in bem §ofe unb fe^en fpeifen. toenn 'v^ 3bt*e nid^t erraten l^abe. nie gu eigenftnnig unb nie gu nad^Qtebig. fo leid^t manci^er mol^r unb gur iBefinnung ju bringen. T)tm mand^mal gar ntc^t^ rec^t madden unb mufete biele^ berbriefelld^ nac^ entgelten. ^a^ boc^ einertt ^ebienten fonnte er mit feinem §errn gelungen. Wiener? ba^ offne genfter in ben §of ^imh. mir nid^t^ bir ©uppe nad^ auc§ in ben ^of l^inab.

unfre ^tnber unb ^inbe^finber unb brauc^en feme fremben armen (giinber bran!" ^Bitten alfo nic^t. ii)m ein (BtM ®elb unb fagten il^m. gaben fie er f oEe fid§ feiner iSSege padfen unb f)abe. n)o er J^uft fid^ l^enfen laffen. tva^ mit il^m anfangen foKten. ba^ mic^ rid^tet*" ^er SBafunget ©tabtgalgcn Dberl^alb iSSafungen im 3:]f)liringerlanbe ftanb auf ctnem ^iigel feitmctrt^ ber ^anbftrafee (Btabt eigentiimlid^. Unb ba nun ntd^t n)u6ten. fie ba^ jener T)ith baxan fie gel^enft tryuxbt. ben id^ fiird^te. unb mein ©emlffen. . 33c(|[tcin. unb fotlte em alter ©algen. iESarte nur. ha^ bu c^ gefunben l^atteft?" :Der §anblt)erfgburfd)e gab jur HntiDort: „£). 2Banbrer)g $«a^taeb liber atten ©ipfeln 3ft ^Uf). 53ogeIein fd^meigen im iJBalbe. eingebrac^t tnerben. balbe ^ul^eft bu aud§. rebe (gg toufeten s^et mir nic^t alfo! barum: mein @ott. ber gel^drte ber 9^un iDurbe einmal ein frember ^ieb an ben SSafunger (Stabtgalgen gel^enft bk iCSafunger 9?atg]^erren bagegen f)ier !Da traten aber auf unb fprad^en: „^ir l^aben elnen ©algen fiir ung.136 fiir beginners' GERMAN cin ^or SBcr bift bu! $atteft bu ba^ ©elb nid^t befialten f5n- nen? tDufete eg benn. 3n arten iSSipfeln ©piireft bu ^aum ^ie einen §aud^. ©oeti^c. S.

137 fro^c SBanbcr^mann iSBem ®ott mill recite ©unft ermeifen. !Dte i8(i(^Iein bon ben iBergen fprlngen. ^erd^en. boiler ^e^F unb @ott frifc^er «ruft? ^en lieben laff^ td^ nur bjalten. SSalb unb gelb Unb dvW unb §immet toltt erf)alten. 2)ie ^erd^en fd^mirren t)o<i) t)or Suft: i£3a^ foltt^ t(^ nid^t mtt tl^nen ftngen ^u^ 3. $at aud^ ttiein (5ad^' auf^ beff befteitt! 3of. . ^er ^ctd^Iein. t)on (gid^cnborff.SUPPLEMENTARY READING ^cr 1. . !Den !Denx f(^t(ft er tDtIt er in bie meite SBelt. 3n feme SSunber iDeifen ^erg unb 3BaIb unb ©trom unb gelb. 2.

he saw his gardener. not fit for the sun to shine upon. the rain ceased^ It sun came through the clouds. who was sleeping in the shade of a tree. and called man a rogue. The latter had not expected his master. Soon the first maid said to the second: "How is it that you can laugh when you are carrying just as heavy of fruit 1 l^firtc . One of them was grumbUng. But the gardener calmly repHed: "That is the reason why I am lying in the shade. But in a short time. the Lesson 31 Two maids were going to a large town with heavy baskets which they carried on their heads. 138 . it beat first only a few drops.REPRODUCTIONS Lesson 27 When gan to school in the sky. and black clouds were As the scholars came out into the street. was out. who owned a beautiful garden. ." So the master forgot his anger. auf. was dark. while the other joked about her work. very heavy drops fell upon the scholars who were running to seek a placewhere they could find shelter. Lesson 29 A nobleman. When the nobleman found his servant resting instead of working. then more and more. rain. As he was walking around. it All of a sudden. was taking a walk one day in his park. and the bright had been only a sudden heavy shower. . he became very angry. as the weather was very warm. all the time.

REPRODUCTIONS
a basket as I

1 39

am carrying? Are you stronger than I?" "No," answered the second girl, ''my basket is not Kghter than yours and I am not stronger than you, but I do not
feel

my
that

me

heavy load because I have a precious herb with makes my burden lighter. This precious herb is
Lesson 32

patience."

The
large

industrious farmer

tills

the

soil for

us and plants

and small grains

of corn.

into high stalks with
fine flour
it.

many

ears of corn.

The corn grows by and by The miller makes

Everybody

out of the corn, and the baker bakes bread from is fond of good bread.

Lesson 33

The
liam
I,

first

German Emperor in who reached the ripe old

the

new empire was Wil-

years.

When

throne.
erick III

age of almost ninety-one he died in 1888, his sick son ascended the The second German Emperor was called Fredfavorite with the

and was a

German

people.

But

he died after he had been Emperor for only ninety-nine
days. The third German Emperor is the present ruler of the Fatherland. William II was born in 1859. His wife

Auguste Victoria, and they have seven children, six princes and one princess. The oldest son has the title of
is

crown-prince.

Lesson 34
Franco-Prussian war —

The new German Empire has been
since 187 1.

in existence since the

considerably larger than the

The United States is German Empire but has a

population only one third greater than that of Germany. The King of Prussia Prussia is the largest kingdom is

I40

BEGINNERS GERMAN

hereditary German Emperor. In case of an attack, he has the right of declaring war, and is the sole representative of

peror
ever,

the Empire in negotiations with foreign powers. The Emis commander-in-chief of the army and navy. How-

he has not the veto-power.
the twenty-six states there are four kingdoms: Bavaria, Saxony, and Wiirttemberg. All the

Among
Prussia,

states send plenipotentiaries to the Federal Council,

which

convenes in BerHn, the capital of Prussia and of the German

The German citizens elect their own representaThe Emperor, the Federal Council, and Parliament make laws and determine the budget for
Empire.
tives to Parliament.

the Empire. Besides Berlin, the largest and most important cities are

Hamburg, Munich,

Leipzig,

and Dresden.

Lesson 37

merchant whose dog was very watchful had been one day to market, where he had made a good deal riding of money. On his way home he lost his money-bag withrich

A

out noticing
fall,

who had seen the money began to bark so loud that his master beat him. The The dog, however, did not stop but kept on barking.
it.

The

faithful dog,

merchant then shot his dog, because he thought the animal had gone mad. After a while he discovered the loss of his money and rode back to find it. At the very place where his money had dropped, his faithful dog lay dead.
Lesson 38

A dog which had stolen a large piece of meat was crossing a small river on a narrow plank. When he saw his own

REPRODUCTIONS

I4I

picture in the clear water, he dropped the meat, for he thought that he had seen another dog with a piece of meat.

So in the end he had nothing at
too greedy.

all,

because he had been

Lesson 39

New

Dear

York, April

19, 191 2.

Sir:
letter of the

Your

i6th

you could come to

see

me

much
our

obliged to you.

We

yesterday. If Saturday next, I should be very could then talk matters over at
inst.

reached

me

leisure.

Hoping to hear from you soon, I remain, with kindest
regards.

Yours very

sincerely,

Lester Jones.
Lesson 40
Schools are either private or public institutions. The have the pubhc schools built. The purpose of all the

cities

schools, of course, is to educate the

youth

of the land in

those matters which

all

children

must know

so as to be-

come

useful citizens.

Those children who do not care to

attend a pubHc school may go to private institutions. Everybody, however, has to attend school between the ages
of six

and fourteen

years.

After that, children

may

leave

school and go to work.

Lesson 41

One day a man was travehng on foot on a highway. Toward evening he was overtaken by a coachman, who seemed to be in a great hurry, as he was beating his horses

142
fiercely.

The wanderer

felt

sorry for

the animals and

asked the driver why he was hurrying so. The latter said he wanted to reach the town before nightfall. Shortly
afterwards the jnan overtook a
side,

wagon
It is

lying

by the road-

and knew that

it

belonged to the driver

whom

he

had seen a short time
haste slowly.

before.

worth while to make

Lesson 42

A man who
He

had three

friends

was summoned

to court.

asked his friends to go with him to be his witnesses. His two very best friends, however, forsook him in the hour
of need
friend,

towards

and did not appear before the judge. The third whom he had felt indifferent, was the only

one who gladly rendered testimony in his behalf.

Who

are the three friends of

man?

Are they not money, friends, and good deeds? By what friends is everyone forsaken after death? Who alone finds mercy before God?

GRAMMATICAL TABLES
I.

Declension of the Definite Article:
3)er-words.

II.

Declension of the Indefinite Article:
(Sin-words.

III.

Declension of the Personal Pronouns. Declension of the Interrogative Pronouns. Declension of the Relative Pronouns.
Declension of Nouns:

IV.

V.
VI.

A. Weak.
B. Strong.
C. Mixed.

VII.

Declension of Adjectives: A. Strong.
B.

Weak

(and Mixed).

VIII.

Comparison
Numerals.
Prepositions.

of Adjectives

and Adverbs.

IX.

X.
XI. XII.
XIII.

Conjunctions.

Conjugation of Auxiliaries of Tense:
Vcerben.

{)aben,

feln,

XIV.

XV.
XVI. XVII.
XVIII.

Conjugation of Modal Auxiliaries. Conjugation of Weak Verbs: Active and Passive. Conjugation of Reflexive Verbs.
Irregular

Weak Verbs. Compound Verbs: Inseparable,
ble).

Separable (Varia-

Conjugation of Strong Verbs and List of Strong
Verbs.
143

144 I. BEGINNERS' GERMAN Declension of the Definite Singular Article. Plural .

145 Declension of the Personal Pronouns. .GRAMMATICAL TABLES III.

-4cc. bie Sefirerinnen bie ^naben. ^ (iVo WEAK: the -n declension. ben Sef)rerinnen bie ben ^naben. bic grau. bem 9D^en[(5cn grau. Ge«. grauen. bic :^ef)rcrm bcr ^nabc. of Nouns. bie 9}^enfc§en . ber Sef)rerin bie bem ^naben. ben 9}ienf(^en Plural Nom.) Singular Nom. ber l^el^rerinnen ber ^naben. beg 9>Jen[(5cn ber grau.146 VI. Gen. bcr !i?e{)rerin ber grau. bie ^e^rerinnen ^naben. ben bie 9}Jen[(f)en Ace. Dat. Dat. BEGINNERS' GERMAN Declension A. Umlaut in Plural. bie graucn. bie 9D?en[c^en ber grauen. bie Sef)rerin ben ^naben. ber SJJenfc^en ben grauen. ber SO^enfc^ beg ^'nabcn.

GRAMMATICAL TABLES Plural Norn.. MIXED DECLENSION Nom. Gen. Ace. beg Of)re^ beg ®taatc^ bem ®taat(e) ben ©taat Ace. Gen. Third Class: the -cr class {always Umlaut in Plural). beg 58uc^c^ bem 33u(5(e) hd^ ^u(^ ben 9)Jann Plural Nom. i9a. ber O^ren £)^xm ben <Btaattn bie ben 2Iugen. C. bie 58iic5er bie SO^iinner ber ^iid^er ber 9}Janner ben iBiid^em bie iBlic^er ben SQJannem bie 9D?anner ^cc. bie ©taatcn bie 5Iugen. Gen. Dat. 147 bie 3ft^ttc. Z>a/. 'td^ 53u(5 ber 9D?ann beg SJJannc^ bent 9}?ann(e) Gen. bag €)^x Plural Nom. ben 0()ren bie ©taaten Hngen. bem O^r(e) bag 5luge. bem 5luge. bie Ol^ren ber <Staaten ber 5lugen. bie . Ge/?. Singular Norn. ber ^age Xa%^ ber §anbe ber 3a{)re ben ^tt^^^tt/ ^^^ 2:agett bie 3«^i^e. Ace. Z)a/. bie ^^agc bie §(lnbc bte 3a^t:e ber 3ttf)ne. Dat. ber ©taat bag 5lngc. bie ben ^cinben bie ^cinbe ben 3a()rcn bie 3a()re Ace. ba^ £)^x beg 5lngc^.

of Adjectives. BEGINNERS' GERMAN Declension A.I4» VII. (like STRONG the definite article). .

Adverb POSI- TIVE .. ber mein(tg)e biemein(ig)e ba^ Tnein(ig)e VIII. are declined: bie}enige biefelbe ba^ienige ba^felbe bieicnigen biefelben bie metn(ig)en. Comparison Adjective of Adjectives and Adverbs.GRAMMATICAL TABLES Like bcr KeBc berjenige berfelbe 149 SSater. etc. etc.

ISO BEGINNERS GERMAN Ordinals I St. ber crfte .

g. bic nod^ gatis nafe itiar. totxl unfer Sefirer e§ befol^ten Cf. 2Bir liefen auf bie (Strafee. other conjunctions are subordinating 151 SSir Itefen auf bie ©trafee. Subordinating alg .GRAMMATICAL TABLES The E.

A O >^ H W .:2 ..152 BEGINNERS GERMAN <3J en -t-» -*-» A^ -d >i3> ^'^ <^ >C3- rt-g ^ fii§^®^ ^M ^ B&'if-^ ^S <35 ^ -^^ ^ ?t mM ^ fii&©^ rg^^ ^ B&'§ .

GRAMMATICAL TABLES 153 Co <33 « S BBS r§^J g .

g g ^ S ^ =« -§ =1 ^ » s € o v» fi fi g ^ S- fi « «3 «^^"S diSst:is :: H .154 ^ ® ^ -§ tj .

GRAMMATICAL TABLES 1 55 .

156 beginners' GERMAN as i § : ?i « S > *^ a ^ S fi o g o 5 SB ^ ti $^ d:?- H CO Ph "^ H H O Ph HH PL. .

4_> .GRAMMATICAL TABLES 1 57 .

158 beginners' GERMAN 'f :0 w ^H <^> I :0 i:? ^ 4-J -t-» .

-* «w o o <u «> <?» iij ^ 2i o S o ^ CIS *^ C3 o ^ H A> «> op -•-£i -£i 'S S Q *> o o -«-> s O O O as S fi .^5 ^ 5^^ fi ?5 .GRAMMATICAL TABLES 159 o o •4-» O i2. 4> iJ ^ o -S <U c> (IP -J.

^ S P-i .i6o beginners' GERMAN O O o ^ .> ^s^ -^ .> ^^^ i -^ -K .^ ^ ii Pi -* ^ o o i^ - o 2 .

p. .y ^ S 3 g B ^ P4 w rt p H r^ ^ ? tn .^ W C. _ Q .GRAMMATICAL TABLES l6l e C33 p H .9 ^^ ^ ^£S^ i O o Sis <33 i vO O w g o ^ ^ I « S H o . h-i Ph g H rt H w Pi h < CO <J 5 O P Q 5 g i-i w P^ P4 Ph o u o » • * * "^ s F^ H O w W w S l-H ::3 S ^ --^ H S w rt p H .

^ ^M ^ . fi B Sis cn <33 03 C35 o ^3 S H^ s fi £ fi B^IS).^5 Pi .l62 BEGINNERS' GERMAN > H U pq . -t_> so ^^ ^-v o -t-» >r> >5 o "S -t_» .x> o B fi S - sO O vO -•-> ^^ O .

GRAMMATICAL TABLES 163 .

-» '15 .u £ ® ^ .164 BEGINNERS GERMAN ^ 4&' cj -*»> 4»' -*&> ^ CO CO ^ TO) *" «-SO> ^ ^ i& *^ p o o r§" -.

GRAMMATICAL TABLES i6s ^^ .

. Weak Verbs.i66 BEGINNERS' GERMAN Irregular INFINITIVE XVI.

Cond. Perf. or inseparable.g. untcr.g" 1 to translate . itfier. III. (Winter) um unb micbct are either separable. fie miirben bie 2:uren pgemac^t 1 67 — — — i)ahtxu Note: 2118 ic^ bie Xiiv sumac^tc. Perfect Pluperfect i^v {)attet bie 2:iiren gugemad^t. SEPARABLE INSEPARABLE ff *" 1 to -t over . unaccented. Variable The particles: burd^. accented.j'. QitiQ cr fort.GRAMMATICAL TABLES mlr I)aben bie 2:ilren suaemad^t. E.

i68 beginners' GERMAN O ^ P5 fS <«> C> e s ^ C> («) il .y t^ a^^'^ i5 tJ fiS^^iE M rt 1 .

GRAMMATICAL TABLES 1 69 g i I J^ .

170 BEGINNERS' GERMAN List of Strong iNFIKmVE Verbs .

advise (riit) geratcn gerteben gcriffcn ift rcibcn. lie (tell gelegen a lie) log gelogcn tncffcn. sound flang tarn frod^ liibt) ift ift geflungen lomtncn. Utt Itcl^ (cfen. glide filitt ift geglitten Qtahcn. l^angctt. ride ritt gcrittcn ricd^cn. seize firub firiff fliclt gegrabcn gegriffen fatten. sleep fc^Iief fd^Iagcn. lift l^ci^Ctt.) l^auen. gerufen gefoffcn gefc^offen {fiat) ift drink {of animals) (fSuft) (off fd^uf fd^ieb fj^offcn. prieS rict gcpriefen rotcn. hew. f(^cltcn. shoot ft^Iafen. gcfiauen gef)oben gel)cifeen and tr. f)ob (l^ub) I)ie& tialf l^clfcn. hang {intrans. run lend (liiuft) lief gclaufen gelittcn gclief)en Icibcn. rctften. resemble gleitcn. create fd^eibcn. suffer Ici^Ctt. frtcd^en. rub tear ricb rife tcitcn. fd^Iug f(^Iic^ ift gefd^Iagen ge[(^Iid^en sneak . dig (grSbt) grcifcn.GRAMMATICAL TABLES Infinitive 171 Preterit Past Participle gcglic^en Qhxtiim. let (lafet) lub liefe gcloben gclaffcn ift (aufcn. strike (fc^Iagt) fd^Ieid^cn. invite. genommen gepftffcn )>rctfcn.) (^(ingt) l^ing {intr t)ieb and tr. strike be called (t)ilft) l^cbcn. call. take (nimmt) <)fcifett.) ge{)angen {intr. measure whistle praise (nti&t) ma^ na{)nt pfiff gemeffcn ne^men. seem scold (fd^llt) fd^ten fd^alt fc^ofe (fd^Icift) gefd^ienen gefc^olten ge[c^o[[en gefd^Iafen fd^te^en. part gefd^ieben fd^etnen. hold (pit) gc^alten . read (Ucft) VBA lag gelefen (icgcn. load (lobct. lie liigcn. help gef)otfen fltngen. call f ouf en. smell r5d^ ricf gcrod^cn rufcn. come creep gcfommen gefroc^en labcn. laffcn.

172 Infinitive BEGINNERS^ GERMAN .

GRAMMATICAL TABLES Infinitive ^73 .

SBorter. I. ®ro6 fd^retbenl) ^Jronomina (gUrtoorter) 5(rtifel. i)dim Sflomtna. unb bte 5l«ufatit). 5lbieftba Slumeralta (3ci()lh)ortcr). 5lbt)erbia b. e. c.ABSTRACT OF GERMAN GRAMMAR HHc 2ltte fiibt iE36rtcr. (gg Qibt (mattnU(5). ©ubftantida (§aupth)drter. ftnb: fl. bte fonjugtert h)crben fSnnen. Sg tofirter Qtbt aud^ eine fogenannte gemif d^te SDenination*— gremb* unb Sigennamen ftnb befonber^ su berildfftd^tigen. c. J. 174 . Ss gtbt 3 ©cnera (®ef c^Iec^ter) i^agMmutn gcminimum (ttjeiblid^) unb 5^eutrum (fcic^Iid^). SBbrter. bic bcnintcrt tDcrben f5nncn. SD^an ftarfe unterfd^eibet bie fd^mac^e 5lrten ber ©uBftanttti^^eflmatton: unb ©efUnation. beftitnmt unb unbeftimtnt J. ©cnitb. @§ mcf)rerc 2lrten ber 5^otnma: a. d. m gibt 4 ^afug 2 (galle): 9^omtnattt). C. ^rcipofitlonen ^onjunfttonen ^nterieftioneti. ^ic ^efttnattutt : A. B. bie nid^t fleftiert n)erben f5nnen. 2 9^umeri (3a()len): lingular (^ttisa^t) unb plural :Datit) (2«e^rsa()I). l^cigcn JBerBa (3ett^ iDorter).

. $o[itit) ^omparatiD ©uperlatib. !^eTnonftratit)pronomma 4. ^nbefinitpronomma* $)cf(mation bcr SlbjcftitJC 3ebe« ben. attributive Slbfefttt) fann ftarf unb fcJiDad^ beflinicrt iDcr* ift 2)ag al^ ^rabifat gebraud^te HbieftiD ftejion«Io6. plural (Sg gibt (g0 3 'iPerfonen (erfte "iperfon ufh). c. ^ahm ben ^enitit) bei n. ^ra^jofttioncn We ec^ten "iprttpofitionen regieren Uned^te ^rapofitionen ben ^atitt ober ben fid^.)* gibt 2 9^umeri (ift je (^a^ten): ©ingutar ((gingaf)!) unb (aj^ebrjaf)!) ein 9^umerug). 5. ^tc ^onjugatton ^. ^0m|iaratuin (Steigerung) be^ SlbjeftbiS a. "ipoffefftbpronomma 3. ^Setjterc iDerben Joie bie Hbiefttt)e befliniert. Oualitatibe 5lbt)erbicn fonnen aud^ fompariert (gefteigert) ^cflinotion bcr Slumcralia (Sa^ttoortcr) !^ie ^ttJI^orter gerfatlen in ^arbinalia unb Orbinalia. ^nterrogatit)pronomma 6.ABSTRACT OF GERMAN GRAMMAR 175 1. Slffufatit). 6. ttierben. ^erfonatpronoTttina (bagu ^eflejiDpronomcn) 2. 9?elatiDpronomina 5.

. burd^ ©uffije burd^ ^rafijc. fotoie nod^ bie infiniten SSerbalformcn: 3nfinitit) unb ^Jartigipium (be0 ^Jrcifeng unb be« ^erfeftg). teil^ trennbar finb. refle^itie (S^ gibt ferner ^ilfsoerben. 5Iuf stoeierlei SSeife bilbet: 1.176 C. unterfc^eibet aud^ Wan Compofita (gufammengefe^te 35erben) mobale $ilfst)erben. (E^ gibt 3 ar^obi (Hu^fageformcn): (ift 3?nbifatit) ein $mobu^) ^onjunftit) S^mperatiD. £. fotoie unb unperfonTid^e 5Berben. (g« fiibt BEGINNERS' GERMAN 6 Xtmpova (Scitcn): (ift ^rafeng ein ^empu3) ^fmperfeft guturum (lO ^erfeft ^lu^quamperfcft guturum D. (S« gibt 5lftit) II. @g mit gibt aud^ eine fogenannte gemifd^te Conjugation. 2. S)urd§ (grlDeiterung ber ©tammfilben. 2 ©enera (ift berbt (Suftanb^formcn): ein (^enug t)erbi) unb ?5affiD. merben au^ b^n ©tttmmen neuc SBorter gc* ^urd^ S5ercinberung ber a. 3Sorfilben. ayjan unterfc^eibet gtDei Hrten ber ^oniugation: bie ftarfe fcj^toad^e unb bic Conjugation. 58ofaIe in ben ©tammfilben. @6 gibt atfo ftarfe unb fd^mad^e SSerben. bie t)om SSerb teil^ untrennbar. b.

uftt). ftetit S3or birefter 9?ebe gen>o()nlid^ ein ^oppelpunft. nad^ J^agefd^en ein 5rage= ^egefirunggfa^en ein Hu^rufung^S^id^en. gibt abberbiale 53eftimnxungen: beg Orteg (lofal) ber 2lrt (mobal) ber B^it (temporal) e. burd^ eine abijerbiale ^eftimmung* ^g o. be§ ©runbe^ (faufal) /. ^cr einfac^c 8a^ ein "iPrttbifat. beg TliittU (inftrumentat) h..ABSTRACT OF GERMAN GRAMMAR Huger ben mit (Suffijen unb ^raftjen gebtlbeten 1 77 SSortem gtbt ^ufammenfe^ungen t)on xnunggiDort unb ©runbtoort). be6 3n)edf6 (final) ber ^^olge (fonfefutib) d. gntcrpunftiott 9^a(5 5lu«fagefai^en geid^en. (9^omina !i)nnen burd^ 5lttribute ergttnjt n3erben») . ba^u bie "iPronominal^Hbderbien mogu ufft). bireften $Rebe tt)erben burd^ „Slnfil^runggftrid^c" ge* SDag SSerbum fann ergftn^t hjerben: 1. e^ aud^ felbftanbigen SSortern (iBeftim* I. 3feber <Sa^ entjftlt ein ©ubjeft ^yiad^ unb bent ^n^alt tetit man bie ©iilge ein in: 1. c. ber ©inrttumung (fongeffit)). burd^ ein Objeft 2. g. ^ege()runggfai?e (58efe^I unb SSunfd^).). Hu^fagefai^e 2. 5. 5lnfang unb (Snbe ber fennseid^net. gragefa^e 3. nad^ ftef)t ein "ipunft. (n3omit. ^agu fommen bamit.

(S^ gtbt ba()er foorbinierenbe unb fuborbinierenbe ^onjunftionen* 9^ebenfaigc hjerben t)oni ^auptfalge ftet^ burd^ em ^omma ge* trennt. ^cr jufammcngcfc^tc @a^ iD^Qn unterfc^cibet §auptftt^e unb 9^ebcnfa1^e» ^te tft <Bai^t [tnb cntmeber foorbiniert (beigeorbnet). ober ber etnc bent anbem fuborbtnlert (untergeorbnet). ^uf bag 2:empug beg ^oniunfttt)g 9?ebe au ac^ten. 9?e9elma6tge SSortfolge (nomtale) 2» 3n^er[ton 3» 2)ie SSortfoIgc im S^ebenfa^. .1^8 BEGINNERS' GERMAN n. ift befonberg in ber tnblreften SSortftcffung (g« gibt tm !^eutf($en brei Hrten ber SSortfteltung (SSortfoIge): 1.

o 2. 3:an=nen»baum. 3. ^^ —^— d' S S S=^ H •-# »q ^ 1 1 ah- O £) S^an^^ncn-baum. 1824.an«nen=baum.onsnen=bauTn.an=ncn*baum. bufonnftmir fc^r qc • O 2. 2. P 1.SONGS ^iir bterftimmlQcn gcmifd^ten ©d^lilerd^or (Smft m^Viii. mic trcu finb bci * nc 2. bcin^IciblDill mi(^ luag ^^ajjj=rg =fcp ?=p: MFC l—L^U- ^ A 4f . 2:Qn«nen-bauTn.

Serine. Mri^ . act. 2)en ©(^if*fer Int nci*ncn®(:^if*fe er^greift e« mit toxUbcm ' ^ n bin. ncn»baum. U h^ \ i tc^ e« » - beu fit * » ten.) \ ^ i 1. f n 2«eU ^if f" X)le Sotcici toon gfrlebr. Zonf. bafe get fo « traumg njun*bcr • 2. SSIttt terl nen»baum.. 3f(^tt)et6nlc^t. toon jUM. ©U«cr. fe. bu bein mir h)iU fe^r fol Icn! » ^n ^Icib mic^ tpad Ic^ rcn! ^ ^^ J Snagig langfam. 1789-1860. ^ er -I—# .r/. i h er ' fet Jf i fi n. eln ibr SD^ttr * (^en qu8 Cdt ol ' ten = bar. golb fd^aut * nc8 fd^mei be fen 3ei but rif ten.JJ Zan Jlon • * * J toie i J treu fannft JJ finb bci - j ij nc gc > jii • » nen'baitin.n)a8foa i be \ \.i8o BEGINNERS' GERMAN I J'J. 5)ie fc^iJn * fte Sung frou bort o ben 3. bo8 fie ntc^t bie gel » m poco cres.

gen h)al»ti»gc bet.. . . unb ba« ii <t«L^' £ -TS- £ r-* beS r=^ fun > > > * nc S3er«0c« h)un»bcr 11^ felt im gc bic » 51 * bcnbsfon*ncn 9)?c*to » * * fd^ein. mit » rem (©in So » re lei ge * ton. « . ^ bcr ^ * ber . tW $Rf)ein. baS ei l^at > am (£n be ©d^if^fer unb ^af)n.. mit qoI bic be Icn * ncm ber « nur I)inauf in p^^ ^ :p=p: unb ru » l^ig ^ flicfet J^:^ ^ SBcI = ere*. . got be » ne8 bic Sic ?uft ©te fammt 3d^ glau = i[t fii^I^unb * c6 c8 be. $dl)'. ^aar. [a mc. p bun «= =^tJ=^ felt. :tpf: r=T^ 1^ .SONGS i8i i J=r=»=«=i=^-C ^ ^ te: fommt fftntmt fc^aut mir i^r nic^t au« bcm * ©inn. ®ip I)at fel ^am fd^Iin * » me Qcn unb fingt cin « ?icb ba bei.

^ 211 * > - ©til -- Ic 9?ad^t. * ®ot ©olin. lod^t p t^-^-fr fe^ i *J ttautt. etil 3. tiJnt fern unb ba un« 1^^ =F-? — ^^ I ret* ten* be ®tunb'. Sonf. 7^ . SroHi ©ruber. S^lac^t. 1792-1848. Slirift. bon ©erlng. i^^-E^H^liUXiH — V r PP -#-. * le ' Ic li It $ir ten tc8 crft etU g^ad^t. ©anft unb "" eetraflen. 9^ SiA £ -P- P^-#- i£ i m/ f3 cm funb ' n fant tuad^t ntod^t. ia 0C h)ic s '^nv^ !2icb' ^ngcl bci * ^al Ic qu8 ncm gott lichen 9)^unb. FV PP ft i mf K Jf (t ==01 $ 1. in r-r P/. l^od^ * * >^ l^ci ^ ^ — * r ttur ba« bcr * » * Ii»ge lu ^aar. 1787-1863. SKo^r.l82 BEGINNERS' GERMAN atix^tmdii 3of. ^ct ^ci l^ei * « » It * * qc Qc gc 5^ad^t! 9lad^t! ^^lod^t! Ie8 fd^Ittft. ^- t^^-lr P i ^— l^ol t=!^ ^c8 =5?^ ^na = bc im laut fc^lagt bott bic ^Ej lof • rs^ ^ - f\ d=^ in bcr » bcr fisgcn §aar: na^i fc^Iaf Slirift. 2.

3. 1800-1833. iter ift -iS^-J: I tei "-I I ter.SONGS 183 $ ^et bei * = -f=t- —^--— ^^fe: -^-n ba. ©ertng. ftac^. t[t — f(|Iaf (Et)ri[t. ©a^ ^na Unb P-#- cin * ^nab' fprac^: ein 9?6S 9^68 * letn * auf auf bcr be 3(§ be d)e bid^. a $elnr. St)rt[t. bu ifim §ei * '^U = te fic^ unb I)alf boc^ fein ^ f i M^tfc? ^^ tt . lein ber ber ber -#^ n)U -#- = tna -^ be brad^g 9fto8 » leiti auf -^ S l^. S3 P»=i^^^MEi. 1. 2. SBemer.in ®c burt! g * V pp* -^ ^ ^ctbenrdi^Iettt 85oK8h)etfe ^ it -1^:^ t=t: r^ to. « * — -I\tx. toon Sonf. unb mor^gen^c^on! 3c^ fte = Sief "t^"^ er f(^nett. fi=P: :^=p: 1i=t ife5 ^-l«-#-A ^—^ & := P Fcr ^ct C>ei = = i=r n3ar fo = -- S=:^i=i=±^=j=^« iung Sg toig ben. *^ 9?oS brc * letn * * ^ ftef)n.e3 e ben! ben! 9^o« lein fprac^: lein n)ef)r d^e bic^. in I)imm *U*fc^er $Ret * bei = 9^ut)'! bcr ba! * — ncr ®e burt. eth)a« betoegt.

| /. SR6««fein rot. benfft SBel^ an mid^. gelerlid^.unb er fd^e 4. nie ^ei i^Iam nte.^ Die = fal^'g mtt ic^ Icn grcu lei lei * = « ben. ^cil bit im Sicgctlrans 2«el. ^ mf t I 3to8 . ^anb^Iung unb @ei. ^£Uu.res. ^e > be bei * mtt neS 9«ut unb traft S3oI * lang fe§ 3ier. |!: :]!: :tn=t: *: i^ ^ ^^ ^^H & (£r{. unb ntufef JDill'gnic^t e = ben! unb eS ben ben I P * a f tl#- i i h=l^m^ iV^ MS Idn. pro * fct ^ r : ^ I -*-» 1 I 4L F If: It 1 b fe^ h- .: 3!ol&n ©alt^afor ©cri&arb ©d&untad&er. t)on %on\. ^ai = fcr SSif *fcn»fd^aft SSil = l^elm. I m $ei = • Icin. rnfcres. $etnrld& parties. gW/ f)ier 9liif)'. SuH. ' 8JB«<fein auf ber ben! ^ i 1. ^lid^t^iofrunb 3. nid&t ju langfatn. 5ld^. SR68 ". 1790. 5. 1793. ^^ ©ie 3Jei » ' = t=*=T=l :?s£ 1 — ' ^eil bir * li * im Qe fiersfrans^^err^d^er fi bcS bie ftei tcrslanbsl le 2. 1563-1628. * ge fi = d^crn ^W.i84 BEGINNERS' GERMAN w nof) j^j=j=j gu fct)'n.

SONGS i8s $ §eil. rto fiir« if)r &i ^ai * = at %% f5ilf)r fer. = ^aupt em ^rie » gcr unb beS §el Jl^ro ben tat ber S!}?en[d^»t)eit ©tolj! giif)!' in ne^ ©lanj ^ n +t ## i ^: ^=^ r . birl ftef)n! * * in be al * beg beS le 2:f)ro * SI5a ftc * = * neg ©lang ter f)en = gur S3a [ten Sic = Ianb6. * ter lanb! por! SSir bann.

i86 BEGINNERS' GERMAN ^ie fl&a^t am JRi^cin .

Ucb S3a = ter«Ianb.magft g ^^^=rf i pL -*=r^ Ws^ 4^ t=iK r^ m am -= llE^ i ru — /a m- M [ein. feft ftct)t lU-ul-i -^m treu bie SBad^t.SONGS 187 i Sieb F=^ «i SSa * -v-^j-^. la F— : » P b 1 \ m 3 9?^einl -J- ff^i -g' ^zM 9?^cinl — # -^—^0 e:3 unb treu bie »— =S- :^=i am s feft fte{)t SBac§t.bic SSad^t ^^H^g p^s- =f=F ?^^ -^-^^: -122-^.ter»Ianb. mogft ru « f=f l^ig fein. . bic SBod^t * Im unb g it=rfc=t=s=Ft: r ^ — —— —N=ti==^r -fc.

1842. I -4V=v-^ * SBic bic SSol^fcn bort njan^bern cr * flin=gcn. frifd^ Me 53au * me im f)cl * len bu frci * e fd^Ia* gen au«. o SSon^bern. S3er ®or frif(^ gen tic * ju fc ^au8l Si^al! ber bic ge. auf 2. 53ur4(^cn4uft! M ' := ^-£ 1i=|c f = ft ^ e p^p^^iH ba tDo^I !5)a ^ mit * ^ -*-r r=F * bid ii ht. ai^^=? om bic 1^^ * Ii I)imm ^ fc^cn 3dt. grlfc^ auf 3. aWunter. h)of)I burcl bo8 toc-fiet ®ot*teg O^bcm m s §m !Dic ^'P *=* F $=* Mm fo in bie S3ruft. ioer Suft ^at. = OueI4cn fin = SBSume-raitsfd^en !Da get unb iauc^-jet ba^ ^erj jum §im-mel8 jelt: J-*l-:f: ^ QzJ^e . oH. ^il lHr4= ^ O SSan^bcrn. Stjro. brum. g: ®er 90?ai ift qc = fom=mcn.i88 BEGINNERS' GERMAN ift SSanbcrfdfiaft: ©elbel. ®oti=nen4tra^I. %iiv Qcmifd^ten Sl^or (g. w 1. SBII^. „^er Wlai qttommtn" 3ful.

U brii * * * ber ber fd^er ju * £)eut 2. hjci = *I te oud^ nttr ift ©inn ?er - bie SBett. ~ mf i=t -r-fc at r-A liO) s leg m * f ber » = SBelt. ^erj unb ^onb! @i ^ nig = feit unb unb t=fc=t=t: It 0- ^ ^ -J-j—#- ^ .v/ ^ J gu fam beut men fc^er bon ^ ber cm . [ol (gi * * fc^c ^rau in * feit en. mi ' = te te.«:. h)ci SSelt! id? 1t=N: t=|: gfc t=ti ^cutfcftlanb iiBcr atte^ 1 [ Hoffmann SWttfeifl tton goUerSleben. __. . mein ^erj SBie bift mie bod^ unb bu [tint* met ein mit bu fd^on. ©cfialt. 1732-1809. ©d^uij unb beut * \6jt SBelt 9?ed^t 2.SONGS J^f ' 189 ^\F^#-^ fo ftef)t I t ber 'ne fo * in (^e Et toet = tt. m£ lanflfam.o SWaag biS ^ ^ an bic bait/ SBein unb * ©ang \ ^ 9?ec^t . beut lic^ f(^e 5Sa = ter = lanb! mit -0. * ®eut[(^ toenn = it U * m d * » » = * = * J Ianb. iia 1. ) ^ * .!Deutfc^*Ianb c8 ftets ber H je c. -Sfofepl^ ^atjbn.rut Xxtn l^al beut t^ fllr = ten ber be ten beit ren = nig nad^ ^a = la&t unb unS unb = f^rei ftrc ha^ ber al Ic ben brii > ^ rfi: I . I .. .

11 q-T^ ^^e r^-r •±^ i .reu=e. beut bill SBein unb beut=fc^er Song! ®Ian fe8 ®tof=fe«. SRacfitlteb ®oet^e. iB.^ ^^^ I S _^_^ « J^ £ P -5- -^ M S8la^' -#. m ^ * beut^fd^eS SSa*ter»= lanbl a_i: -r f^'^'^f 1 aSanbrer^ 3. f \ N Wt gei » ' tnel. :Deutf(^4anb. at * leg in ber SScItl en. cres. se beut4<^e bie = 2. in len 2Bip=feIn ^^ p ^^^^^^g . to. al * leS. !X)eut * [d^c [tern » tieit un finb fer gan ©Ittf gcS fc8 long. * « := 11 bcr ber fd^er I)c. toon ber « Stfc^ bis » » on ?c « > ben ben tcr * S3elt. Songfcmt unb eetraseru I ^^^3 ii = fc^??^=^ -Jt=^ al ' 1 — r ^ al ^ ber ten ®ip feln ift 9?uf).I go BEGINNERS' I GERMAN ^ ^1 cres. grci bc3 Un pfanb. im i 5Dcutfd^4onb i^rau * * J^iJ^j'j.

tear * it nur. i=±=t 1^ bal p^^=t^J^3 SEE ^ B^-^4 ^^^ 1^ =='=ri=f * be niMt i>u aud^« SSor » tc nur. SSar * tc nur. h)ar = te nur. bal = be rul)ft bu auc^. — S^^ fr-1 r 13^ ^=t $=t JL PI=N= -f2_^ i^zz. bic ^Sdg * lein f(^h3ei*8en I W W ^~r^ 2BaI ' _j ^ —— s. PP f-t^ 1—T:H Bi i±s bal = S ruMt ba aud&. be .SONGS 191 ^ fpii = 3 reft iJt f=T bu fei = 3=^ im nen ^auc^. be bu ri7. be. :p^ r—* w *: n^. bat be. aud^. •-W- m^r-9bal * s rul^ft ^ bal be.

192 BEGINNERS' GERMAN ^cr fro^c SSanbcr)§mantt. Sonf. toon ©ering. ?er*d^en f(^h)ira w-## :t± r-0-$r. Aiiz 1. Qcmifc^tcn (Sl^or Sellp imenbeI«fo^n»S8artl5oIbtj. 1809-1847.l^^ ^s '1 i -•-Pi ^ :- ^ . ^ ri^Ff* m 5=:is Andante. S3ac^=Iein toon ben 53er gen fprin * gen. I gUr Sfofep^ »on <gl(5enborff. SBcm ®ott 3)ic ^^5^^53 cr » toet * iDitt re(i§ = te ®unft * fen. ben bie fd^idEt er in 2.

SONGS in 193 A ** tt .

l^at auc^ mein' ^ ^ / t tt|=t=f r f . l^at ^ii f)at au(!^ auc^ mein' ^a(S)% ^. cr » ^l » ten. t)at aud^ mein' ©ac^' aufg be = ftettt. unb (grb' unb ^immcl cr » ^.i ieS /^ t=*-- -i/ ^ ©ad^' Qufg beft' // 4-4. I* i* 5?=|: #=fc ^^» ! b ]^t U 1^ b « -f-'-fmein' aud& mein' ®a($' -s-^- ^—^ / =i? fial s f" ten.194 BEGINNERS' cres. TV GERMAN tola i M: - JS \^ —N-d^-# toitt m rXTT^^ S -=1- ^i=^ @rb^ unb ffs^ tt)ttt ^ I ^immel J^cres. b be » f b t b unb ftettt! 2)er (Srb' §im » mel h)ia er m 3z^=t: i^> ' " I Mr «J: I w ^ ^ p ^ - t 3Ci: q?=p: 1^ 1/ "f beft' k y t)al * ten. r- T&^-t- b 1/ t=t ^ .

toon iWaric i&^-t SBcm ^ H h3itt ^-T—» red^ » te #-r—^ ©unft :^ * ®ott er » h)ct fen. 0-I ?—# # F- -|g .' -^ mein' ©od^' aufs ftettt. ben |A^ ^ ^ r . ^ZZJEZg^ZI^ -F-b^*?^— i- 1 fto^e SSanber^mann.fteatl /7^ i ? ^ ^ H be = c f iBai)' ouf8 beft' be • 'j»-c«s. Sonf. Cf^zi 6e(t' (teltt! ^^ ^cr 3fofep^ bon (gid&cnborff. fte. n g.SONGS 195 auf'Sbcft' ^ r auf 8 bcft'. aKaceonnefl.

.

al)§. (aux. anbinbctt (banb an. shoulder. but. on. — — e. each.VOCABULARY Explanations. obex. de(-. so. atterhJCgcn. ning. ac^te. at.. away. addition. abgeftiegen). -e). date for the final examination of the afircifcn higher schools. tread off. like. aitit. bie Sti^fel (-. 5l6ftammung descent. adj. however. to set out. to a(fo. bie Stbbition (-. conj. adieu. on {or to). ber S(6iturient (-en. fein). bte everywhere. bie Stbcr (-. ber 9t6cnb (-8. an ben ^atfer to . which is extensive on account of the inand poems words will be found in alphabetical order. obgetreten). but. yield up to the emperor. and the endings of the genitive sing- — — In case of verbs which take fein as an auxiliary. In the following vocabulary clusion of the additional reading gender of the nouns is ular and the nominative plural follow in parentheses. resign. American. the aged. a candi- whole. eighth. . -n). trat ab. -n). evening. similar. l^aben ah. supper. has Sliicnbcffcn (-g. alas. (-. esteem. view. ift abgegongen). ber 9tn6eginn (-eg). absent. gradually. dismount. farewell. — amcrifamfrfi. ( — er. to add. entire. -en). everything. than. everybody. and adv. the fact is indicated in the principal % ab. abicu. to. the third person singular is given to indicate this root -vowel change. ber 9t6cnbfonncnf(^etn (-g). good-by. descend. earliest begin- a^. -). therefore. upon. depart. -e). angebunben). bie 9t(^tung (-). -en). to retire. ba^ 9(mt (-eg. abbieren. -^er). aQctn. -n). resembling. ift as. (aux. to relinquish. German part. (er ha^ mta (-0. to tie eight. bie Slltcn. start. and in case of strong verbs which change the vowel in the second and third person smgular of the present tense. ^^rc (case). eS). regard. ear of corn. ah. evening d^nlid^. -en). -). in. or ace). off. to am=an bent. The principal parts of the strong verbs are given. when. parentage. attention. and fein). thus. an (dat. bie sunshine (light). The indicated by the preceding article. attmo^tid^.. office.. to all go off. age. all. afifteigen (ftieg ob. parts. by. -e). afihjefenb. ber SlffufatiU (-8. but. accusative afigc^cn (ging ah. position. nfitrctcn tritt old. vein. near. only. adj. derivation. 197 ber StntiUd (-g. alt. alone.

to ber 5(nfang (-6. to arrive. April. anfd^rciben ([c^rieb an. aufge* geffcn). fasten. (-n. to respect. a laying out. share. ber Stpfctbaum (-6. anqt^oxcn. a& auf. fufir auf. annetfttten (er too. antftjorten. address. arm. arm. man- -n). multitude. reply. join. (er ifet aufcffcn auf. aniegen. upon. nothing else but that. aufl^eben lift. pick up.. aufgefal^ren). to blossom out. *). aufgefunbcn). newcomer. ift angefommen). handling. draw up. park. bad. ttufbliiffen angeraten). vexed. (trgerlid^. to esteem. poor. -en). adv. pleasure-ground. adv. ber 2(rm (-e«. to ask in passing. even. ^riiftc berem. interest.iqS ttnber cine beginners' GERMAN — (bcr. to invest. flnfc^cn {aux. also. attack. to belong to. -en). work. to start up. neut. to lay out. ttnberi^ttJO. ange» fet)cn). way. aufgcboben). in. angc= fangen). Asia. other. task. (er l^lilt an. anreben. ein — er. -en). apple. {dat. prep. to accuse. by. to. to look at or upon. to institution. vestment. present. to eat up. ift an. -en). c. aHc to strain every nerve. auf.). mischievous. raise. ply. plan. on. nid^tS anberS aU. re- bie 5Cnefbotc (-. to regard. Slftcn (-g. severe. work. bie bie Stnftebtung (-. fing an. exert. portion. anbcrfeit^. stop. auf. take for granted. answer. seek out.-^e). I)ielt an. ^e). physician. — e. annoyed. on the other side (hand). angefd^rieben). btc. unter an* anftrengen. 9(nthJort (-. hard. ber SCtttcit (-«. take. an- arg. bie Slnsafit (-). among other things. longing to. ber Strjt (-eg. to an^alten i)alUn). strain. to tie. recommend. instead of. arbciten. open. formance. Ottfrttgcn. lesson. -n). fein). anfommcn ber bie (font an. upwards. anftatt (gen. species. bie elsewhere. rict an. annoying. (er fte^t faf) an. ber 5(pfet (-«. -^e). number. bie Strbeit (-. (l^ob arrangement. -e). apple-tree. auffa^ren (er fcitirt auf. per- ber Stngrtff (-8. relative. anflagen. bie 2trt (-. . ongenommen). ber Stngc^iirtge -n).. poor man. to advise. begin to flourish. ber 5lrme. nai)m an. (er fcingt anhicfenb. anraten (er rttt on. up. task. to speak to. likewise. ttuffinben (fanb auf. -en). anfnij^fen. ein — bog e«). ange« to hold (on) to. Stufgabe (-. or ace). to do. to begin. to find out. for. (-«. at. — to . one be- ber St^ril (-«). towards. -e). -n). -e) . bie Stnftatt (-. to write on or down. nimmt an. aut(|. colony. to accept. adj. kind. -e). in- ner. and gry. doctor. anecdote.). anfangcn an. beginning. answer. 9(nfi)mmKng Stnlagc (-.

pronounce. to make up. to form to (out). express. to settle (a dis- auf. Stuigfu^r^anbct trade. live peaceably with. or — au^hJtf^Ctt. render accom- plished or educated. aufttjarficn come forward. ber 5(uffo^ (-eg.). ber 3tU)ggang (-eg. ber Stu^toanbcrung tion. auggefc^Iagen). aug» to look. end. upright. -). to make out. appear. to detailed. (aux. lernen. au^Iaufen (er Ittuft ang. augcttMirflirfi. speak out.). straight. au^lucttbig. auffi^cn (fofe aui^ma^cn. to utter. to go out. ttuftrctcn (er tritt auf. emigrafor- aUi^ltJartig. au^ (dat. to break out. trat ouf. to run or flow out. reception. to commit (crimes. for. get up. stop. ift aufrcd^t. -en). to tie men). to put out (fire. foreign com- attendant. lief aug. aufmerffom. aufgcfcffen). {tarn aug. momentary ( — sides. pute). extend. outside of. to wipe out away. pay attention. . exit: result. besides. aufrt(f|tcn. aujgfpred^cn (er fpric^t aug. auf^ijrcn. to listen attentively. -^e). -^e). au^itbcn. composition. to bag 2lU)§Ianb (-eg). moreover. auiSfd^Iagcn (er fd^Iiigt oug. au^erbcm. taking up. to essay. ttufftc^cn (ftanb auf. instantly. auggelaufeit). abroad. to sprout. be- ba^ Stuge (-g. to erase. (aux. ber 3luftt)artcr (-g. merce. etc. utter. displayed. full. etc. fprad^ aug. outside. to ift auggegongen). foreign parts. ber Stu^cn^anbcl (-g). \dn). ift aufgcftanben). auftcr (dat. to stand up. constitute. au^tod^Ctt. to open. bud. ily). -n). ift mount. au^gclegt. out. act of going ttUjgfii^rti^. to practise. develop. to raise up. au^fommcn loosen. to ift ouggefom* get along with.). export eign. eye. fc^Iug aug. straighten. to press or squeeze out. except. by. exercise. complete. to strike out. aujgfc^en (er fiet)t aug. bie cultivate. ift aufgetreten). wake gefef)cn). to express. waiter. untie. watch. 199 to cheer or brighten ttu^ge^ctt (glng ou§. outward. to carry out. to step up (upon). attentive. auflijfcn. auggefprod^en). fal^ aug.VOCABULARY ouf()citcrn. out of. cease. to laugh at. August (month). up.). from. erect. ber Stuguft (-6). laid out. auf^jaffcn. -n). (-. fein). Stufnol^mc (-. up. aufma^ctt. memory. instantaneous(ly). out of. ttUi^briidcn. of. on account au^tiilbcn. nations. (-g). appear. of. commit to by heart.

ein — er). halh. treat. bcgleiten. path. badfcn (cr bad t. ^t). band. btc Sanf: i. -c or -ten). terminate. found. known. two. bcifaffcn (er faltt bei. till. bath Scginn (-eg). ready (money). by. ift beige into the mind. Ibcfannt. beginning. (btfe. bench. bare. to bite. . bebac^t). attendance. room. at the side of. to bake. tree. ber Saucr fSanm (-« or -n. direct. bon. ha^ Scttt (-g. to bring to Bctaufd^cn. beHagen. post. cash. to bie conver- mean. f&a^ (-e8. to order. Ibcmcrfcn. bank -en). to bathe. significance. both. -). to — cultivate.). leg. to ber Scbtentc (-n. accompany. to base. ber JBarfcr (-8. -e). SBcbeutung -en). bie signify. (-. 2. ficfommcn (betam. to handle. in con- structure. peasant. -en). beib (—e. befol^ten). to inform. to carry. -^er). stake. finish. SBanb (-eS. I&cbcutenb. be()crrfd^en. important. obtain. hat. (-. to cultivate. ^c). notice. ment. be. bcginncn (begann. remarK. bcbaucn. dim. almost. soon. Ibcenbcn (also beenbigen). reflect. to listen to. bewail. course. 93cfc^rung sion. -en). bie Sarm^crjtgfctt (-). nearly. nection with. to begin. buf. to keep. (ground). fill with en- thusiasm. ber Saumpfo^t (-«. retain. to an end. to ponder. (befanb. btc (-. beHen. fic^attcn (er bcf)alt. ticbcuten. to inspire. acquainted. bank iiel^anbeln. feel. to perceive. commence. ber command. get. at. -^c. gebiffen). example. significant. (-. ber 93au (-e8. importance. -n. -). -n). ^e). ftabcn. to auf. compassion. fatten). ba6 53ft(§Icm). baker. ba^ bie S3cglcitung (-. pro- tect. to build. to bark. ber ba^ ^abcsimmcr SBtt^ti (-8. to count upon. small farmer. to lament. rib- bcgriinbcn. ser- vant. eavesdrop. tree-pole. 6auen. meaning. -e). forebode. sunt bcbcnfen (bebac^tc. ibeinai^e. manage. bel^alten). — (h ^')r for example.200 BEGINNERS GERMAN Bcfe^Ictt (er befietilt. ber occur to. railway. to brook.-Qebacfcn). befommen). (-eg. begeiftern. govern. (money bank). bear in mind. to rule over. to guard. lackey. accompani- -en). fic^ ftefinbcn befunben). to road. —eg). htx (dat. begonnen). be{)ielt. preserve. bcl^iiten. bag Scif^ict (-g. befat)!. come fiet bei. building. mercy. (-. ftct^cn till.

prop- erty. to sing of. bie to order. to modest. superl. dispose. profession. mount. . pains.VOCABULARY ha^ SBcmu^cn (-«). particularly. -e). to bring one share. befc^ieben). try to obtain. thoughtful. ficrett. befal^. (ship). SBcfmnung gur — (-). bie 93cftrcbung (-. to (beftieg. especially. best way. unpass dergo. oflace. extraordinarily. compar. upon. consultation. iDeteUigen. ber S3cfc^eib (-eg. unassuming. famous. to look at. ready. — allot. fixed. comfortable. ticftdnbig. en- possession ficfingcn (befang. qualification. to as- shine upon. knowledge. deliberate. of gut. go on board BcftcttCtt. Ibcnc^mcn (er 20I (-e^)/ ber S3cft^ possession. fieftc^en (beftanb. to visit. ficftc. Ibcfurfien. exertion. con- information. furj little reflection. possess. ficfi^cn (befafe. council. have. ficfonber!^. \\^ — an (bet). to occupy. engage. to prepare. appoint. to into have a (iu) bringen. -en). -e). reflection. einen terest. assign. endeavor. in the berii^mt. (befc^teb. ence of mind. Iicncnncn (bcnattntc. effort. 83cfd^rct6ung (-. to his senses. ficftimmt. to exist. -en). — . climb. fiefd^cinen (befc^ten. to sit benimmt. ficfd^eibcn through. steady. fic^ bcftrcben. defend. determined. — mit einem mountain. designate. take of. to consist of. constant. fproc^en). tion. to take away. bie S3cfi^ung (-. f>t^pvt^cn (er befpric^t. to cend. right. discuss with one. ficfonnen. to stand (a test). aufS arranged for the best. befungen). attend. — beftetlt. guard. to protect. be interested in. fiefd^eibcn. tinuous. to converse. dominions. possession. befeffen). ficfc^rcibcn (befc^rieb. light up. bie 23eratung (-. conference. answer. regard. moderate. voca- bcffcr. description. htna^m. bte deavor. beftanben). to assign celebrate in song. trouble. title. ticreitctt. cided. to discuss. ber S3erg (-(e)g. bef(^ienen). already. ber S3eruf (-(e) g. a share. be= \id) Me -en). -en). describe. Bcftctgcn beftiegen). — be* . name. with with quick presbefprad^. befc^rieben). arrange. SBcrcc^tigung (-. deliberation. take part in. fic^ nommcn). befe{)en). definite. to behave. continue. -en). Ibcfe^Ctt. calling. ficqucm. to pL. bcnannt). to exert one's self. prepared. of gut. fiefc^cn (er befiel^t. . QUg. -e). dependencies. hevdt^. de- £ief (^ii^en.

-e). -e). borrow. ground. floor. carry on. point of view. -n). up (down) bic S3ruft (-. loyal. to tie. -en). to need. angry. look. Bctonen. to bleed. -e). to bic blossom. continue. fair. (-n. lend. ben)iefen). figure. fiillig. braun. ^er). till. Brett. to form. ffitten (bat. picture- 6re(f|en brac^. bed. prime. bare. to blossom. to enter (a house). excellent. Wau. BchJCtfcn (beluieg. to pay. betricben). sideration. breast. -n. gebrac^t). bag fSvot (-eg. -n). size. to edu- cate. bread. con- paper. brotherly. worthy. book. plenipotentiary. manifest. to step on. gebeten) urn. ^). to storm. -). malicious. Ibicber. 93(utc5cit -en). fiirat). fort for education. -n). picture. (er bctragt. bctrug. (-. pluck. flourish. bag fSooi (-eg. roar. bag JBIut (-eg). fi(^ — remain. flowering show. sack. bic SBirnc (-. blidfcn. . see Bringcn (brarfite. portrait. ber Scutcl (-6. considerable. ift geblieben). brother. bn^en. bic 23Iumc (-. respect. flower. inhabitant. to sparkle. ber S3cJuol^ncr (-«. purse. bosom. boy. to. time. brown. ber 93rtcf (-eg. ef- to break. htaudftn. -e and iBotc). betrctcn). bic Sitbung^bcftrcbung (-. bad. gebunben). rage. ber aSIciftift (-eg. pear. to lay stress on. -en). 6t^. (betricb. also anbinben. resident. shine. to enter upon. -^e). cin full Ibluten. moderate. boat. honest. image. glance. -e). ter. braufen. betrat. adv. blo\i. ba^ SUbcrbud^ (-eg. broad. naked. to use. knave. just. bag Sett (-eg. merely. follow up. blue.. bcja^Icn. letter. blood. want. hUxhtn to stay. ber S3Urf (-eg. blade. -er). chest. dim. soil. attic. ber 93rubcr (-g. to pursue (studies). cheap. adj. bee. tread. Ibitbcn. (er brid^t. please. . news- bcr 93ctrad^t (-(c)g). gebrod^en). leaf. fine. bcr JBobcn (-g. wicked. as far as. -). power. to prove. bcr S3ube (-n. (blieb. bic JBtcnc (-. to look. to fiiifc. *er. httvaqtn to amount to. compose. filiii^en. fcinbcn (banb. to. lead-pencil. -n). bittc. evil. upright. to bring. to beg for. glit- drive upon. to lighten. bog 93iatt* c^en). Briiberlid^.. scamp. ha^ S3Ub (-eg. to behave. good. one invested with hlni)cn. bcr — S3ct»ottmad^ttgtc cr). die. ^). mere. wide. betraQctt). only. hcttd(f)ti\ti). fictrctcn (cr betritt. sheet. to conduct one's fictrcibcn self. Iborgen.202 BEGINNERS GERMAN emphabog S3Iatt (-eg.

sword. ace. choir. ba^crfommcn (fam gefommen). budctt. therewith. on the eve of. t[t ba{)er* come big along. for that (it). that (it). baburrf). exhibition. that). gun. babon. bie 2)amc (-. the. to last. there- by. 2)cde (-. therein. thereout. that. -^cr. Christian. your. since. borum (brum). ha^ '^^atnm date. -en). Federal ^anf (-eS). thereupon. against it (that). barau^ ber (brauS). with that (it).thine. Siirbc (-. conj. (ig)^. ber bcr SBunbCi^rat (of (-c8. past. then. from that place. ^er). -^e). it (this. to bow. (-). -en). gone. (of). -n). Council bie Germany). dat. thereby. baneben. -n). remain. -n). hanUn. bie ^orftcffung (-.. ba^in. bafici. bie oflf. continue. ^aucr ance. adv. -). -en). 2) bfl. away. bie. cover. where. therefore. which. burden. fellow. -e). after that.. bie (-«. -n). baS — yours. e. ( . for bie a3uc^fc (-. because. barauf (brauf). lady. aJz*. as. S)ata or ®aten). ber ^otitJ (-g. thereat. Christ. where.VOCABULARY ba6 f8n^ (-eS. ceiling.. thereon it.. at that time. inside. close H/ by. -0. — — — thy. bo^cr. thence. — — — yours. lad. thereof. to that place. in order to. that. hence. there. of or by it (that). to to. to balder. -g). near next to it. burgher. budget. dative (case). at or on it. ha^. beside. then. thereon. citizen. 203 dim. to cover.. ber 93urf^c (-n. beden. upon it. ba^ SBubgct (-«. in it (this. ). load. e. at the same time. bartn (brin). -urn. bQ6 53iid^= book. that. baucrn. bag 93unbel -)/ bundle. inasmuch as. continu- bagegcn. therewithin. bonac^. or indeclinable). conj. — . er. . bie abutter (-). duration. thither. out of (ha^) 6^or (-c3. therewith. eS. along. roof. so that. to spell. it. -^e). 6u(f|fto6icrcn. bann. therefrom. ber 6||rift(u§) (-i. -). t>aiii. baran (bron). thence. (it). it (that. barinnen. stoop. over that about that. about baritber. upon that. at that time. them). thanks. then. ta^ ^ac^ (-eg. bcr SBiirgcr (-g. chorus. bcr 6^rift (-en. bctn hamal§. in regard butter. ber. representation. by it. bafiir. to thank. conj. through that. thereby. away. there- from. when. bomit. lein). them). ber 2)cgen (-g. till then.

ha^ ^cutfc^c (-n). ligible. then. three. German c. bid^tcn. the bcr ^rci^igjo^rtgc ^rtcg. director. unless. -). that pron. bold(ly). to think of. the ht§fiaii). — certainly ®ic ? you understand that? I — — hope you understand that? ber Cottar (-8.204 bic BEGINNERS' GERMAN btcnftbar. tt)tx. 2. the latter. who. to grow dark. ^cutfd^tanb (-^. to compose. by. b. December. which. bo8=)icm9C. bro^cnb. -e). bcr ber ^tc6 (-e6. so much. en). thing. bcr* (bie*. bonncrn. through. German. servant. ber ^ircftor (-6.. to dictate. ha^ ^iftat (-8. -e). it one. bcutli^. bumm. —t^). bic^ (—er. Thursday. obscure. this. neverdo fag mtr . — auf of thunder. threatening. principal master (of a school). an. write poetry. declension. -c). bie 2)tt)tr«)n (-. thief.. and adj. demons. bod^. still. — gafjlen. def. village. bag*)fcI6c. bic (-. Wiener (-^. ber 2)ufoten (-6. bo8 3)orf (-cS. ba^ ^ttttmal (-«. benfcn (bac^te. dictation. thought to girl. bxt^mal. -c). -). in German. brittcr (-e. -c). small. monu- ment. ducat.). ^ctttnation (. clear. cin ^cutf(^cr (ber — bie — see bort. courageous.-en). ha^ ^tcnftmttb(^cn (-S. than. service. third. that {before manager.). pron. bcr ^icnft (-eg. bifttcrcn. or head- to divide. j[e fd^netter. German. ha^ 2)rtttcr (-g. third.. birf. -en). ber bort. -e). stout. by means of. (lan- guage). gloomy. the quicker. brctft. this one. she. {)ctBt. pron.. -). theless. bunfct. thick. gebad^t). -). the. ber ^cutfc^^crrcttorbcn (-«. those. -8). Germany. the. this time. fine. 3. -). -^er). adj. thin. . for. ber ^onncrliaff (-8. bcr (bie. distinct(ly). ha^): i. -e). division. ^cnftrficit bcflinicrcn. . poet. a brci. but. biinn. intel- resounding bcutf(^. servant -en). neut. dollar. bcnn. bcr 2)id^tcr (-8. the sooner. Tuesday. Years' War (1618-48). a rel. ba^ ^ing (-c8. bm6) {ace). on this account.. rel. bortfelfift. — think. (one). count in German. -cS). though. bunfctn. stupid. he. -). "bd^ toerftcf)en bcfto. therefore. fat. serviceable. bit»ibicrcn. art. dark. bcr* (bie*. Conner ^tag (-eg. ber ^tcn^tag (-e6. to thunder. -^er and -e). across. tell me. Thirty knights of the bcr German Order. however. that. ^cscmbcr ha^ (-«). same. to decline. -en). — e. products. there. ^. yet.

proper. lasting one year. -n). c^e. peculiar. ly. burfte. ber ©igcntitmcr (-g. one. to engrave. cUcn. burc^aic^cn (J09 burd^. eigen. -en). all the ple. angular. cial. proprietor.. some. etn= gegraben). -leute). pull or pass through. cingroben (er grSbt ein. (-[[eg. ein). likewise. cin9ebrad)t). I)a&c : au«gel)en biirfcn. (belonging to) exclu- sively. hurry. be permitted. h3ie. -^e). really. earlier. geburft). ber ©infu^r^anbcl (-g). egg. venerable. one another. to overtake. bie @tlc (-). a few. ought. cbcn. a few times. thirst. erly speaking. comparative of el^c. edge. headstrong.. ci! ay! indeed! why! eifcrfiirfitig. in. cornered. esteem. (-. noblecbd. import highborn. bie ein. each other. to cl^rcn. brighten. to light 205 throughout. bring go to meet or einige. speed. -en). one. of one same. burt^mac^cw. single. just as sudden bcr idea. spepeculiarity. illuminate. be thirsty. bie ©ittigtcit (-). to draw. bie strange.VOCABULARY burd^Ieu(^'tcn. g). influence. in. c()rlid^. (-. a person. to move in. along. bcr (Sbic. haste. cinigemal. one year. to obtain. Ctnanber. just. erfig. burd^gesoQcn). immaterial. volunteer proper. real. @infiu^e (-. even. -iiffe). etnbrtngcn (brad^te to bring in. thirsty. ber ©belmann {-tf>. (-. citttg. adv. once upon . ©inigung ment. — gut ber ©infatt (-(e)g. -). inollen. wan- der about. a. \6) But: Simi- into. bag @i (-eg. smooth. f oHen. notion. cbcnfall^. before. to agree. fid^ cinigcn. dare. adv. to honor. ere. agreeber ©tgcnart cinjafirig. curious. cl^cr. ber 2)urft (-eg). envious. einfad^. single. unity. honest. quite. once. einl)er= former- gegangen). peosort. eigcntiimtirfl. noble. f onncn. biirftcn. sooner. union. level. peculiar. bie own. just. united. ©influft flowing @dc -n). -er). cin (etne. to finish. (Siniaf)rig=i^rein)itlige. grub ein. precisely. honorable. good bie as. to thirst. citt^crgc^cn (ging einf)er. simple. just so. larly miiffen. falling in. one time. etgcnfinnig. corner. loss. an. eittcr — — e. etc. certainly. man of noble birth or character. ebcnfo. another. ( burftig. trade. self-willed. to dig in. c^rhjiirbig. damage. prop- soldier serving etntnal. to biirfen (er barf. etgentlid^. Ctncrlci. to hasten. one. Ctnl^olcn. jealous. hurry. fetch. mogen. strange. any. i[t man.

empfunben). number) one. cntshicibrcc^en (er bric^t ent^njci. to raise up. corresponding. to breaJ mend. ein. purpose. protestation. -e). final. contain. (er (cr empfing. lonesome. to begin. eingenommen). @ifcn6o^n (-. cnglifd^. to take away or from. recom- ment. solitary. -en). (-. ©ntbcdung disclosure. union. ent= CtnftnJcUcn. ttuf — . ben). one time. tion. to receive. infinite. empfatil. termina- einrtd^ten. to excuse. bie (§Mttn {pi. to arrange. -"-c). cntftcl. -e). railroad. em^or^cbcn fid^ (I)ob empor. to bag (Element (-8. cmpfiei)It. bie once. sometime. brad^ entgmet. cnt^attcn (er cntl^alt. entgalt. in two. entnal^m. to suffer for. ha?> @nbc (-«. -en). alone. railway. cnthJcbcr. element. empfongcn e»H?fc^len cmpfangt. elnft. noci^ — . tvxpot. last. treten). (-n). tion. cmporgefc^JDungen). cin. clo^. -en). entgeUen (er entgilt. single. to raise up or forward. ending. entnommen). once (er one. bic ©inja^l (-). ber @nfcl (-6. ift etntrctcn (cr tritt ein. step in. eiiinc^mcn nimmt nalim in. adv. at last. to take in. emporgel^o- plication table. on high. meantime. guage). dttfd^Iic^Iid^. to hold. erect. final. cinscin. col- up. up. singular (number). -n). send off. endless. opposition. enblid^. develop- cmpfof)Ien). entfials ten). gather cmporfd^njtngcn (fd^lDong empor. only). finally. fcie (single) (cr entnimmt. evbauen. bic @nbung (-. establish. atone entrance. suitable. einpor= gebrad^t). cntncl^mcn ber @in5clftttat (-eg. cnt^ for. tiaS (^mmaUm^. parents. asunder. to build up. lect. grandson. ha^ ©nglifdic prohibi- English (lan- Dcr @ittfpru(^ (-(e) 8. of 6ic @itt^ (-). cnbgiiltig. discovery. multi- promote. trat ein. -en).2o6 a beginners' GERMAN time. order. English. end. some day. bic @nttt)td(ung (-. furnish. once cm^jorfiringcn (brcd^te em^)or. (the one mind. ift cntfaffctt (er cntfciKt. lonely. separate. enblO)^. to feel. borrow from. goltcn). -). entering on. cm^finbcn (empfanb. to fatten). object. experience.. suddenly. cntfcnbcn (entfanbte. to fall from or out of. entfanbt). to commend. cntf)ielt. more. aim. only. enter. -en). ent^mcigebrod^cn). inclusive. empfangen). bcr ©ttttritt (-(e)g. upwards. cntfd^ulbtgcn. to receive. Just. aloft. state. either. solitary. admission. in the tie ©intratl^t (-). chlfotn. one. eingea concord. to rise or soar to capture. entfprcc^cnb. .

er^altcn). lofd^en). await. inheritance. weighty. grave. crhjac^fen (er erlDod^ft. story. bie bag (Sffen (-«). support. not bte. world. food. relate. until. crraten (er errat. considerable. erriet. grow. erfutir. fcin). re- first. crgrcifcn ergriffen). to declare. endure. er. c. . to inquire. come to know. world. -e). crbtid^. tDad^fen). fcin). educate. publish. to be aston(ergriff. -). crtciben (eriitt. afe. conquest. expectation. for the first time. erraten). to ift hold of. to nourish. ift er* narrative. acquisition (by conquest). erlofd^. — — — c8. to con(-). dining-room. @rfinbu«g sult. bie ©rbc (-. crhjarten. ert)telt. -en). geology. to be frightened. bie -ffe). undergo. uphold. {-. ha^ QvUtii (-S. world. donkey. ba^ ©rbcnrunb (-e8). heritable. ^ee (SrbbalL bag ©rbgcfc^oft HfeS. ©rbfunbc knowledge clude. divine. unclose. floor. know. bcr @rb6att (-«)/ globe. surprised. crhjeifen (ermieg. grow up. crftauncn {aux. to prove. about. expect. to find out. to open. infer. ground of the erfc^Ioffen). ©rofierung {-. crft. to eat. ©rja^tung (-. ber (S^tifd^ (-e«. edible. attain. crfunbigcn. 207 open. hereditary. crlijfc^en (cr erlifc^t. ba^ — only. -en). ba^ ®^5tmmer (-g. to resound. startled. part of the erfd^ridt. -c). -c). dining-table. eriitten). fcin). bring up. bk ©rtoortung (-. to look for. give. geography. the first. set up. inheritance. to bie tell. eating. er* to keep. maintain. -n). crmtttcln. to extinguish. follow from. ber ©rbteil (-c8. to guess. to reach. go out. ctrrid^ten. erioiefen). to dis- crflffncn. unlock. to reply. anticipation. perhaps. invention. ber. crstc^cn (ergog. narration. indeed. to impart. ass. e. serious. earth. found. cthJa. cr fatten (cr ert)alt. crhjibcrn. nearly. erfaliren). crrcid^cn. erfd^rof. crfcnnen (erfatmte. important. effaced. -en). to suffer. erfannt). to rear. crsd^len. show. ertoud^S. crfdfircdcn (er earth. to disclose. bie erfatirt. foremost. bestow. cPar. soil. to close. to to recognize. alarmed. erft^Iic^cn (erfd^Iofe. but just. crflarcn. receive. crfolgcn {aux. maintain. ift crfd^rodfen). ber @fcl (-§. ring. eatable. account. ft(| answer. meal. earnest. crfa^ren (er to learn. ground. ernft. render. seize. erjogen). to explain. continent. {aux. crfrfiatten to erect. -). to lay ished. crtcWcn. cffcn (er gegeffen). crl^eOIid^. become crncil^ren. -en).VOCABULARY baS (irbc (-8). tfet. heritage. firstly.

float in the wind. ber fjeiub (-e^. to demand. require. -). circulation. ber iJinger (-g. family. bog i^Ul^d) (-eg). to be wanting or de- forbern. in- vestigator. a little. fotgen (dat. the fixing. expedition. area. or bcr gclfen cucr (eurc. holiday. eternity. something. -c). fern. ^atbt (-. to summon. ift gcfloffen). navy. fiel. -e). fort. holiday. finger. fail. -). ^at gcfa^* val day. fangen bic (er fangt. fcl^Icn. -).). falfd^. -e). -n). surface. of i^x. bcr f^ti^iex (-g. -e). faffen. lazy. ift geflogcn). feft. bcr fjaben (-6. vacation. fiteftcn (flofe. -c). ^iammc (-. Ctoig. your. gen. stream. always. examinabic bog tjenftcr (-g. false. bic bog S^clfcntiff (-eg. fid^ (in . sail. bcr i^lm (-eg. industrious. bic iJaftorei agency. factory. to flicgen (flog. ready. fist. hall. place). drop. -en). holi- ©E^jcbition (-. (-. flag. manu- bic g^eftftettung the deter- factory. corridor. river. finben (fanb. -n). (er fattt. euer). drive. bic ^auft bcr S'cbruor (-g). -en). ficient. contents. catch. to follow. ift acfatten). flame. reef. -mina). far (off). festival. BEGINNERS GERMAN somewhat. to go (in a conveyance). to find. to flow. bcr ?5orf(^er (-g. feather. -n). days. -). some. (-. to ail. travel. (-. searcher. fortress. to be missing or absent. firm. flesh. -). -en). bog t^oti (-g. color. dispatch. to miss. fotgcnbcrmoftcn. go on. i[t or rcn). -en). bcr ^eiertag (-eg. to fly. enemy. bic O^crien (pi. -n). (-en.-n). iJorm shape. (-. as follows. -e). bic i^abtil {-. forever. mistake. to be fasten (cr faf)rt. (-. form. to find one's self. fleet. -tn). gefunben). gefangen). -en). to flutter. diligent. window. faHen fall. ha^ ©jamctt (-«. meat. -en). following manner. establishment. fu^r. foul. bcr iJefttog (-eg. -en) cliff. foft. foul. flottcrn. almost. February. facto tory.2o8 tttoaS. bic Idiotic (-. rock. eternally. figure. banner. pen. or ledge of rock. fcrttg. only). field. ber i^d§ (-g. — condition. quill. ridge ©migfeit tion. -e). fteiffig. fing. hard. to proceed. bic journey. nearly. fast. flow. thread. ha^ ^elh (-e8. fault. -cr). to seize. (aux. -g). -^). distant. forwarding. bic l^otttilte (-. festi- bic i^atinc (-. mining. take prisoner. bic challenge. complete. . ber i^lufi (-ffeg. in the bic O^ebcr (-. ber i^lad)cmni}alt (-g. fein). ^ffe). rotten.

make pleasure to. France. fortgefaf)rcn). (-. -en). -leute). in ber to on. — fii^Icn. off delight. French (lan- ^xnd)t (-. drive off. be to drive away or onward. advance. carrying on. bag fjrii^ftiid (-g. ha^ fjrii^ja^r (-(c)g. honest. give (tiber or gen. ba^ ^xmitin (-«. travel proceed. (--g. bie to move onward. to ask. -n). ward. fortfi^rcttcn f(i^rttten). frtf^. funfcin. gefreffen). -c). off. free. fivefold (times). bie ha§ ^rangofifc^c (-n). neut. fiir ber iJrcitag Friday. joyous. guage). go on. bag ^^iinffac^e. fifth. five. fricrctt (fror. to pro- cold. young (unmarried) lady. fort. fprad^ fret. fortgetricben). joy. joyful. to continue. happy disposition. upright. bte happy. fret. man. bie g'ortfc^ung (-. -en). -n). Miss. forttrcificn (trieb fort. ber 3^ricbc(n) (-ng. fiinffa«^. pious. fro^. to fit^rcn. to ift — . fortbcftan* ben). frcuen. peace. sparkle. spring. question. t^tau -en). -c). \vdl)iidi. (-eg. carry (on). Mrs. joyful. -e). (-. ber 3^ritf|ting (-g. freif)jrcd^ctt (er fprid^t frei. — ([c^rttt fortgc* to rejoice. pleasure. fortbcftc^cn (beftanb fort. merry. ber O^ro^finn (-(e)g). at liberty. continue to bie eat (of beasts). {)aben.). improve S'rcunbin friend. exist. gefroren). -en). shine. fresh. unknown. fear unusual. . French. coach- freedom. vigorous. strange. driver. to feel. -n). fortfa^rctt (er fafirt fort. portion five times as fretgefproc^en).VOCABULARY fort. bic fjrcunbfc^flft (-. fjrcubc (-. away. female ber fjortfc^ritt progress. volunteer. fromtn. quintuplet. (ace). ber iJt^cunb (-eg. frctlid^. foreign. spring. gladness. wife. ftinfte. fufir fort. of course. breakfast. woman. frcubig. forward. ber IJul^rmann (-eg. progress. please. to or away. to last. great. 209 foreign country. Frenchman. -nen). abroad. frcffcn frofe. improvement. friendship. -n). forage (-. bie fear. on- bic S'rcmbc. (er frifet. endure. to continue. to glitter. madam. be glad. continuation. be pleased. have a vacation. gay. bte fru^. -e). frcmb. of. to acquit. -e). ift fic^ glad. frangofifc^. cheerfulness. fruit. tainly. joyous. gay. bte ^rci^cit (-.). cheerful. ber f^rcttoiaigc (-n. depart. make or advance. friend. fragen. for. early. -^e). cheerful. kind. pel. -n). to be sure. cer- fiinf. to lead. ijfmd)t (-). -e). friendly. freunbtt(j^. gronfrcic^ (-g. -). — Oor. ber iJranaofc (-n. to freeze. carry on.

bcr ©drtncr (-S. gelangen {aux. endurance. somewhere near. -e). qthcn (er gibt. ganj. gallows. complete. origin. (-. bic bag. by birth. ridor. to go. -en). -). -en). there is (are). opposite (to). entirely. opposed to. design. eign. (-en. spirit. -n). patience. gcgeben). fork. of the spirit of culture. -n). birth. -^e). territory. gardener. hotel. to intend. — nic^t. bcr fju^gdngcr (-8. -^e). (ccc). pedestrian. learned. intellectual. to remember. BEGINNERS' GERMAN to fear. bcr t5«Pobcn (-g. entire. bic presence. {dat. -e). ^). hall. geiidren (fie spirituous. to nothing at all. (-€«. indeed. bic (with dat. object. eS gibt. on foot. occasional. about. ba^ ®cgcntcit (-eg. gcI6. . gcfallcn gefici. arrive at. district. -). as concerns. -en).-e). whole.2IO fiirt^tcn. ift gcgangen). gcbcnfctt (geba(^te. gc^cn (ging. -t). gar. clanking. bag @clb (-eg. prep. to reach. ©cbanfcntDcIt (-. money-sack. getftig. get. province. of. preceding). at all. ideal world. . contrary. -c). ber ©elc^rtc (-n. plan. yellow. ge^oren.or «). -). l^umanen ®ei[tcg. learned person. inn. @an)§ goose.. gclcgcntlid^.). bcr ©artcn (-«. birthday. well- thought informed. -cr). prince. in relation to. bear. opposite. bcr ©cift (-eg. opposite. poem. fetn). bcr ©etbfarf (-eg. -). gcborcn). gcboc^t). towards. very. give birth to. gcbar. gepren belong to. cor- ©cgcnhJart (-). that will not do. gcbraudficn. on an occasion.). gelingctt (eg gclingt tnir. present time. gcfottcn. intellect. nid^tg. to please. -n. bcr gegen. mind. bcr (3anq (-cS. native. bag ©cHirr (-g. scholar. on occasion gclcl^rt. garden. money. . cin world. against. attain (to). (cr gefiittt. to succeed. walking tour. gcgeniiiicr. gelungen). to tal. all. foot. building. ©cgcnftanb (-eg. — r). bcr (SJatgcn (-«. ju bcr ?5ufj — dat. forsooth. gab. ba^ &cHuhe (-«. -cr). path. bag gct)t nid^t. incidental. spiritual. affair. ift baQ ©cbtd^t (-e«. soul. bte @o6cI (-. to use. boS &a^tt)a^§ (-e«/ *cr). ^e). quite. floor. prepared. to be (in health). gelang. ba^ ©cbict (-eg. instructed. soverbic bcr i^ixx^t ®cbulb (-). prep. to go or fare with. not at — walk. suit. forbearance. bic iju^rcifc (-. to give. fitrttjal^r. born. adv. prosper. all. 'c). subject. bcr bic ®thuti^taq (-(c)g. men- gcbiert. verily. -^c). ©cburt (-.

set up. -c). judgment. ficrn (lieber. flood. -(e)n). Germanic family. -en). bic ©efunbljcit (-. countenance. gcfc^cficn (eg fc^e^en). bic ©ctoinnung (-. -ffc). readily. commerce history. (-. bag @ef{rf)t (-eg. ©efe^gefiung (-. gain(ing). bag ©ctrcibc (-g. total bag ©ehJtffen (-g. quite. etc. ber @cfca(c) (-(e)n. -e). healthy. ber ©cfamthjcrt (-c8. trifling. gefd^a^. brilliant. grain. ber @(afer (-g. ordinary. yesterday. willingly. -en). (-g. only). story. cozy. -). value (worth. ber ©tans (-eg). -^er). social gath- kindly. enough. (-ffeg. glass. . splendid. equal. disposed. ber ©colog minded. brother (s) and sister (s). as- mon. geni- gcfc^t. erect. bag ©eftjurj (-eg. -). just.-en). bag ©cfc^mcibc trinkets. corn. top. ber (Si^fet (-g. close accurate. am liebftcn). grain. ber ©ettiitrs^anbcl (-g). fixed. acquisition. -^c). law. face. cereal. gcrtJaWtg. (-«. strong. company. -en). glcid^. tive (case). in spice. ha^ ©cpkubcr gcftcrn. business. -). fire- arm. held good-natured. singing. splendor. faithfully. bag ©crid^t (-eg. common. -en). powerful. panion. industrial. bag ©chiaffcr (-g. -e). -). think. -). giertg. bag @cfc^ (-eg. ift gc« happen. sure(ly). affair. (-en. agreeable. jewels. -e). even. song. health. unim- portant. legislation. -cr or -c). occupation. conscience. gertid^nlt^. race. cheerful. level. certain (ly). gcttug. employment. with pleas- ure. straight. summit. — l^aben. luster. @cf(^trf)tc -en). fellow. ber (Scrmancnftamm (-c8. to believe. g(c)rabc. story. sociation. price). -). geologist. water {collective). greedy. com- glauben. stem. sedate. bie ©cfc^njtftcr (pi. bic gcnau. established. -g. spice. alike. sound. usual. -). in com- bte @cfcfff(^aft (-. -^cr). glangcnb. (-. bag ©cft^oft arrow. glazier. floor. professional. sufficiently. ta^ ©cfdfaft (-eg. exact. bag ©etreibetorn (-g. gefinnt. brightness. -^c). bag @ltt)§ (-eg. (fitting). spice trade. straightforward. well. seasoning. 211 common. gefunb. -e). drinking glass. bic to like. small. ering. minute. -en). chatter. court of justice. glory. cus- ber ©cfang (-eg. tomary. getotft. gctrculit!^. ©cfamtbcbbWcrung total population. mighty. ge)t)erHi(^. little. geting. sight. to bic flef(^ief)t. ber ©cnitib (or -cttD.VOCABULARY gemctnfam. magnificence. -c). even. society. qcmixtti^.

golden. colony. equivalent. *er). getiolten). establishment. gray. -n). -cr).will. l^ielt. (-eg. (-. to greet. bie ©olbfiiftc (-. -^e). burn. I)oIt. property. business. prosper. ap- plicable. member. Greek. to have. hair. Me founding. awful. proprietor. farm. guage). mercy. old man.212 gteid^giiltig. commercial settlement. great- ness. possession. -e). gti^crn. to thrive. -en). @liid (-eg). bog grave. (-g. commercial city. gliil^cn. grow or be green. good. stalk. grcifen (griff. gro&erc Slnjol^I. !)otte. gotben. green. flliidfUrfl. well. bie ^onbetigftabt (-. l^ttttcn neck. beft). 1^016. -ten). beginners' GERMAN gtii^en. get)obt). ^onbet (-g). haven. ber -). baS (Slicb (-c8. admissible. ^aar ^afcn (-eg. happiness. ber (-g. tall. legal. -c). bie ^alfifugcl (-. bog OJoIb (-eg). gut (beffer. foundation. estate. griin. I^abcn (er ber grou. happy.^ponbel^flottc (-. to ground. ()ot. half. horrible. to a rather large bie number. -c). successful. ^ottbel^niebcrlaffung -en). tallness. -^er). bie ©rij^c -n).§lt)cg (-eg. cess. ber ®ott (-e«. sucfortunate. -^e). -n). luck. commerce. gold-coast. governor. establish. (-. -en). to grasp. (-. god. binding. tal form(s) (principal parts). to contain. har- bor. blade. ^anbel^begic^ung mercial relations. -n). to think. size. bog ©timnaftum (-g. bie bie . hemisphere. grace. (-. lucky. -^er). -e). gegriffen). bie @nabc favor. trade. path of grou commerce. ber "iio. limb. glisten. ^er). to glitter. pupil of glow. rank or file. goods. @rei^ (-eg. griiticn. maintain. grass. grie(3^if(^. -e). fleet of bie commermerchantmen. ©runbform QJriinbung to fundamen- cial fleet. -en). -en). gold. ber ©tjmnafiaft (-en. a ©ijmnofium. com- found. bic (SJru^^JC (-. A - ber Jponbct. grauentioH. to support. (-.^ God. bie @unft (-). \ . -^e). favor. ber ©runb6efi^er landed bie affair. base. \i(x^ valid. good. gritttben. gro^. indifferent. gilt. port. (-n). fortune. ^). ber ^cXm (er (-eg. gitttig. hold. bog @ric(^ifd^e Greek (lan- ber ^ai)§ (-eg. to celebrate. @ra6 bog @ra^ (-eg. German higher school in which the classical languages are emphasized. {-. keep. bog (Sut (-eg. good thing. ©oubcrneur (-g. -n). ^onb (-. hand. -n).

stitched or bcr ^crbft (-eg. -en). {)erabge* l^erabfteigen (ftteg l^erab. -e). bie ^anfaftabt {-. fein). home. ber ^cimhJcg (-eg. capital. or drive hastily along. ^erbftmonat (-g. to profit. send out. (-. chief (ly). -n). ^er). difficult. (-. -en). strike. gclicifecn). ^ouc^ (-eg. bag ^cibenriillcin (-g. cheerful. bag ^au^jttcil (-eg. •^). approach. ber ^clbcnbatcr (-g. l^crcin! (come) in! l^er. bie ^au^ftabt (-. (-. principal. . autumn paper-covered book. this way. -e). journeyman. father. good. -e). arrive a vehicle. ugly. ]^ermarf(f(icrcn (aux. to march move i^cim. cruel. bie ^cnnc ago. handle. action. bag ^eer (-eg. uncultivated land. to grow at home. bie j^etmtic^. l^Ctmatlt^. bright. bie ^ctbc (-. main street. harsh. (er ^m§ ^cranhiac^fcn md)\t Iieran. trav- or country. ap- proach. bie ^anpi^txafit (-. obf^axt. loathsome. t[t Iierangenjac^fen). on the heath. secret(ly). hateful. month. -n). trade. hen. -^cr). to lash. -n). fiel tierab. up. holy. l^et^en (f)iefe. bie ^aujgtiir (-. {)erau«*' gc^oben). chief mat- point. to help. ^er). ^anfa (-). ^ctl! hail! I^cilifl. hero(ic) aspiration. I^efien (l^ob. Hanseatic league. to raise. breath. breeze. getiauen). copy-book. ber J^anbnjcrfiSdurfic (-n.-n). hot. beat. l^crfa^ten (er fal^rt f)ergefaf)ren). inuc^g ^aufe 0et)en. unpleasant. -e). named. ^er). ness. -). noun. ift little rose to come in hither. city of the Hanseatic league. ftiegen). fut)r fier. l^cr. chief city. cut. ^et^. head. nad^ to descend. -c). to tieraug. l^eran. to ^a^Uc^. l^crafifaHcn (er ift fitltt l^erab. bcr bie ^clbentat heroic deed. homeward. l^alf.). ber autumn. hither or along. ^au^tfoc^e ter. -en). to hang. principal part. heath. pngCtt. gu §au[e. -e). army. way or road home. to be inciter. avail. ^au)Jtfo(^Uc^. bag Jpeft (-eg. mean. to go home. get)oIfen. lift. hard. -e). home. f)erabgefallen). chief. bag (-eg. I^aucn (l^ieb.VOCABULARY bie 213 ^anblung (-. l^ctt. to hew. native place native. -n). dismount. I^clfcn (er I)ilft. severe. to fall down. to hang. called. dat. ffcnUn. one's home. front door. to command. house. busi- bie ^ctntat (-). near. main clear. belonging to eling artisan. to do bag bie ^anpt (-eg. since. bright. hither. -e). ^crau^fcnbcn (fonbtc gefanbt). ift bog J^au^jtnjort (-eg. stinate. shop.

. bcr ^immcl (-6. l^eutig. bie giving surrender. hat. toarf bcr ^offiinbcr (-«. affection- ^od^ (f)o^er. be hungry. keeper. ba^ ^ct5 (-cn6. au«. bcr ^irt (-en. sky. ii'inan^U^tn (cr l^tnein. ber time. bring down. -^cr). to. to put away. ttinahiaqin. bcr commander. higher school to-day. hearty. ^ingabe away. then. to draw down. sacrifice. ber J^ntmaifitt (-«. -). (-). I^icrauf. or ace). ^of (-eS. l^ungern. ^tn I^Megen. -^c).214 bcr BEGINNERS GERMAN (-n. sover- — . hungry. to sow into (the ground). I)od§ft). tiinob. ift Ilinjugctretcn). height. hereupon. -). touching. l^inabgctDorfcn). -e). -c or I^dren. gcbcn). to throw down. to hunt (drive. (cr h)irft (breath). -). to to pull over. into. -). ^inftd^tliti^. eign. l^olb. heavenly. ber ^iigel {-€. great. heaven. hundred. l^incingcru=» fen). to (lag lie l^erum. -(e)n). up (thither). to look out. after. ffcntCf most holy. to surrender. to hunger. top. starve. fields l^tmmlifd^. tall. Dutchman. fic^ gentleman. master. -n). . appear. j^injutrctcn (cr tritt fjinju. to come forth step up to. cover. heart. l^cr* l^crtjorfommen (tarn borgefommen). to lie down. with regard as to. -en). ber ^uttb (-e«. (-€. Mr. bic ^immtUauie) (-. to (out. ^crrfrffcrl^ron l^tnter {wiih dai. cultural. extend. hatter. fief)t up to. yard. f)inau8. ruler's throne. f)ingc» ber ^nttt (-€. to call in or into. or university. here. upon this. mountain. hunger (-«). to pass over. (cr gibt f)tn. ber ^crrfc^cr (-^. l^icr. lord. court. or meadows of heaven. up). of the present bic ^oe^fd^ulc (-. high level. ber ^inctnrufcn (rief Iiincin. I^tnauf^ baQ J^olj (-e3. l^tneittfdett. pleasing. behind. noble. I)ert3or. (as) I bic J&dl^c (-. f)erumge» ^iniibersic^en (jog biniibcr. to give to (away). hope. ber J&ut (-e«. l^offentKt^. to hope. chase) l^oten. to hear. hill. of to-day. -c(n) ). wood. tjcrumlicgcn legen). to lay down. -). gc^ogcn). courtyard. ift lOcrunteriioten. l^erjlid^. \af) f)in* tinman. ^tngebcn gab l^in. f)inau8gefcf)cn). household (of a sovereign) l^offen. ate. cordial. get. shepherd. to fetch. -). high. -en). devotion. -^c). hunger. l^iniibcr» around. ruler. trat l^ingu. lovely. hat-maker. -n). charming. tfodifitiiiq. join. dog. summit. I^ungrtg. ^unbert. -en). guardian. tending to refine. l^tnabtDcrfctt l^inab.

bie now existing. youth. eg). jebcrjcit. now. . -). -n). Snbiancr (-8. (before i^rigc (ber. however.. ^a^n (-g. emperor. iung. bie ^ai« yes. without an emperor. theirs. {with cap. . tntcrcffant. in. in any case. international. the. your family. June. — — e. ber Sn^^tttt (-eg). Sf^ngen. its. (-g. imperial family. the (-(e)g. lasting a year. —). SuwQC (-n. hers. fa. while. hit. July. coffee cup. gem. adj. into. of hu). especially. liiV (nom. Italian. jebettfall!^. boy. so far.). -e). boat. jewel. ad- S»>tJcI or -en). . SlatfcrfamtUc (-. ba^ SJtt^r^unbcrt {-§. ilingftc inherent. -en). bcr 3eit. Mc the . Sunt (bag) (-(g)). family of the emperor. befto. indica- former. young woman. recent tn^ftcfonbcrc. ever. each. comparatives). contents. empress. -g). jc^ig. ba^ theirs. hers. poss. in as far as. engineer. yours. indwelling. pron. it. innate. indeed. inside. time. accord- bie^ungfrau virgin. Italy. im=tn bent. neut. iemattb. poss. season. bie ^ttfct (-. ber 3>tnu«r (-«). at all events. young peo- innen. lal^rig. lad. -c bag ^tttcrcffc (-g. ferin (-. however. interest. some one. itht^mti. -en). century. her. every. within. its. ber ^aifcr (-g. truly. c. in (dat. more. you. island. ithodi. nevertheless.VOCABULARY bic Stt^rC!§5Cit (-. fie). eg).). January. bcr ber jcn (—er. inttjenbig. 3ttb«attU tive (mood). that one. itoltcnifc^.). -e). within. — . tmmcr. (ace). of course. youth. always. ln)§ = ill bo8. however. meanwhile.. bie ^affectaffe (-. ple. tnbcffcn. the. their. to her. more and ieb ( — — — cr. vantage. innetDOl^ttcnb. -e). ber ^affec (-g. at all times. of pi... coffee. meantime. bie you know. certainly. continually. at a time. ber ber (-. -nen). year. yet. S^ugenb (-). -n). i>a^ ^a^v (-eS. ber Sngcnicur (-8. ing as. 215 time of year. nevertheless. *e). always. each (every) time. (dai. jje^t. -n or -ng). year long. Jttiferio^. your. Indian. each. tnternottonal. -e). -). -ti). tnfortJCit. interesting. bcr Stolien (-g. -n). at. present. young. ber Sua (-(g)).

germ. tmp\tix.2l6 bic beginners' GERMAN (-. -n). . bie tlaffcnurjr (-. -ffe). ber tolonifator (-g. ^e). ^e). x\t gefommen). chart. fellow. clear. (-eg. ber to(^ (-eg. knowledge. battle. companion. -n). faum. ttang (-eg. ringing. -en). bie beiben. . tone. sound. child. U\i. throat. kingdom. -er). -e). servant. scarcely . ber tetter (-g. boy. . -e). (-. foufen. rade.. -n). little. coal. to buy. scarcely. . fellow. -en). to Minor. -n). class clock. dress. . domain. to clothe. article of clothing. small. tie. class. bie childish. of the emperor. ber bie bag tlaffcnsimmer (-g. -). colonial province. bad character. card. Don power. colony. ber ^a^jitattft (-en. comb. ber bie ber ^aftctt (-6. sweep. mer.^ Cagcn. bie ^cl^le (-. -^e). einent ti\Qa. seasoning. ^am^fe^Iuft battle. combat. -er). tnabenfd^ute school for lauen. to know. to chew. -c). bog tinb (-eg. purchase. when . ber Sleim (-eg. king. -n). fcl^ren. -). arrive. tom|:»agnie {military). cellar. Conjugation tion. ber boys. tlcin. beat. to conjugate. chant. -en). -). fommcn bie {tarn. ber tcrt (-eg. -^e). office or — ber . (-. ^tt^jitat eager desire for -ten). 5laufmann (-«. repute. neither of the two. pound. tonig (-g. to be acquainted. of Asia tiop^tn. feinS bie tolonialmad^t tolonte (-. shopkeeper. -^e). -e). -n). empire. embryo. to comb. bag Slbnigrctd^ (-eg. hardly. bcr Unt^i (-eg. garment. not a. -en). struggle. bcr ilamcrob (-8 or -m. . to fight. cold. cook. fam^jfen. ber Uamm (-eg. fomtnen. bos capital. to complain. Hetben. cat. -e). Heinafiattf^. no. -e). see thing. gefannt). -n). childlike bie tir(((c (-. colonizer. knot. . (-n. . (-). to pant. -n). come. bie tol^te (-. to turn. happen. (-. not any. . bright.. . colonial fcin. bie tiaffc (-. bie Slartc (-. join. -en). map. clever. class ^am^f (-eg. -e). to fasten together. -teute). intelligent. wise. conjuga- church. tradesman. company information. fcnnen (fannte. -n). worthless bag tonbiment (-g. fcud^en. capitalist. com- flax. box. principal. finblt^. cough. gasp. fo — . room. chest. bie tnabe ta^c (-. to complain to one of some- position SSurbc. (-g. Hug.. SlaifcrtoJirbc -n). ber fellow. bag Sltetb (-eg. bie Slenntni^ (-. {onjugicren. ber or bag UoUmalhtxtx^ (-. combat. knock. -n).

ber 5lrieger (-g. -e). length. crayon. ache. main country road. -e or ness. warrior. to fitttftig. -leute). liefe. long. gcfonnt). soldier. ill. crooked. -^e).VOCABULARY ber 217 cow. compatriot. ^e). bie fiangc (-. v'aluable. bag ^raut* lein). sickness. sick. countryhighroad. . power. Sabcn (-g. (i^w. -e). forceful. to smile. skill. ill- la^m. -e). body. ^e). ^er. frumm. grain. longfam. ber 5ltteg (-(e)g. weed. Imio^. cool. force. ^utft^cr driver. -^e). tonnU. ber Slricg^^err (-(e)n. dim. by land. war. -fe). shore. ilronprins (-en. situation. coming. -). -). ber Sanbigmann Sanbftra^c (-eg. furs. ^er). have (done). langc. corpora- bie 5liJr^crfrf|aft (-. bag ^raut (-eg. art. to let go. congress. understand. vigor. bent. excellent. course (of instruction). bie ^utfd^c (-. short. wreath. slow. shop. expensive. body. bie ^iid^c (-. highway. lame. ^e). comcrown man. store. ber ^urfujg (-. -c or -en). *e). slowly. land. of strength. Unntn ber (er farm. electoral bag 5lo^flt)C^ (-eg. costly. bag ^orn* c^en). crucifix. naof representatives. ^onjunfttt) (-(c)6. bie SanbCi^marf (-. crusade. soil. parliament. kitchen. -n). -n). precious. head- prince. herb. sub- bte tul^ (-. ber ^rans (-eg. lang. ber bie powerful. -en). position. s ldii)tin. bie ^raft (-. costly. prince. bag ^orn (-eg. boundary of a country. vegetable. head. (-g. -). singular. ber ^urfiirft (-en. ber foftbar. -tn). coachman. body (-. cuckoo. garland. -en). cross. ^). bag Sanb (-eg. delicious. bie 5lranfi^ett (-. frafttg. full ladicn. future. *er. to cause or ^udurf (-(e)g. hant. strength. disease. bie ^ijftc (-. -c). bie (-. coach. to let. bie ^unft to^f (-eg. powerful. ber 5lud^en (-g. gelaffen). -en). junctive (mood). border. ber -en). -en). (-. dishonest. bie ^Iretbc (-. condition. -). chalk. ber ^or^cr (-g. curious. country. be able to. tional diet. Sage (-. mander-in-chief. laffen (er lafet. (-eg. td^tiidl. ^rcu53ug (-eg. ber Sanbmonn farmer. -en). . to know. tion. fii^t. cake. crippled. carriage. to laugh. plant. excellent. bte Sanbci^tjcrtrctung p— -^er). fraftJJOtt. -en). ber bag 5lteu5 (-eg. -n). coast. state. peasant. -n). -en). energy. -n). basket. ber leave (alone). strong. ber ^orl6 (-eg. a long time. curved. twisted. -^c).

. to loosen. Icgcn. -n). Si^^c (-. IO)gge^en (ging log. bic on the left. -). -eg). men. -8). gclcgcn). BEGINNERS GERMAN burden. educational Ste6e (-). leaf. selection for ha^ 2c6cn (-«. lel^ren. lark. running. school. linfg. lijfen. bic Scl^rc (-. lateinifii^. to read. c8 tut mir . Ictb. -e). Qclittcn) an. lie — ba^ Sid^t (-eg. bic Segenbe -n). Ictbcn (litt. latest. lofe. laufctt (cr lauft. (female) of haQ 2teb (-eg. lesson. Hke. bic — at- f)aben. teaching. eS mtr um I am sorry. disagreeable. -^ffc). to love. (-. ©ic. ha^ 2c^rfa(^ (-e6. song. to run. dissolute. -^cr). piece. legible.2l8 bic Saft (-. put. bog Satcin (-6). lieutenant. -en). untie. last. teacher. lip. to live. it is worth while. easy. soft. tolerate. fcitt. to reward. darling. Icidlt. load. U^hav. to praise. Qclcfcn). free. Sc^rcrin teacher. -). life. bag Sorbeerblatt (-eg. licgen (fag. love. painful. adj. -cr). number — . charming. gelaufcn). place. loose. to bic Sc^ranftalt (-. -n). low. to gather. -t). bic Icdcn. to teach. bcr Scffrcr {-^. Icifc. favorite. to be situated. I am sorry ^ijjferbc — for you. lag. Latin (language). like. bcr Sd^rling (-g. love. bic bcr Siebting (-8. to the left. ift bcr Siiffcl (-g. ment of life. -c. loggegangen). be fond of. (-. to lie. Itcft. Iteben. dear. laut. theory. ift unfortunately. to lick. -c). ift bic Scftton (-. -en). eg Iof)nt ftd^ (bcr 9}Jli{)c). line. reading. spoon. noisy. released. Latin. left. bic taten il^m — — . precept. read. Iteblii^. ben). permit. to lay. bcr Scfictiiggcttufe (-ffc3. enjoy- lc<|t. light. subject (or lint (-C or -cr. pick out or up. -cr or -e). to sound. to endure. -ncn). (used with (oben. (o^nen. (c6cn. I pity you. -en). pet. Icfcn (cr tauten. bic 2cr(^c (-. from. latter. people. valued. bic Stnte (-. the -^er). lief. laurel- he was sorry for the horses. loose. to Icrncn. aloud. to suffer (o^. -n). to (ie&. tun. ha^ fittttfCtt learn (-8). institution. Icibcr. Uhttooftil farewell. first place. by heart. ha^ Scfcftitd (-c8. charming (ly). gentle. au§ft)enbig — . in crftcr bic Sc^rcrgaiOl (-). flowing. apprentice. down. loud. legend. h)cr* (orfig. light. -n). bcr Scutnant (-g. good-byl fic^ Scute (pL). -). . to learn. tractive. curly. in teachers. beloved. branch) of teaching. solve.

generally. tnorfd^tcrcn (aux. flour. SWcnge (-. bie Wlatffematit (-). suppose. ber. e. time. husband. (- -^c). {-. m madden. aWogb (-. intention. -^e). ^er). mcrJcn. ber Mttntelfatf (-eg. mouse. maiden. several. market. c. tncitt . bcr SKalcr (-g. -n). bag Wltfji (-g). will. auf to fly at. bic — — ere). alg. mean. fein). -icn). -n). times. -en). come eincn bie 2uft — or go off. desire. mcl^r {generally indec. breeze. notion. one. (-en. general servant. -). tnctft {superl. melon. maid. powder. tnatl (indec). maid. beasts). powerful state. powerful. aWeittung (-. eg. strong. SWaib (-). bie. bag Wltcv (-eg. pleasure. (ig)e. bic May. -en). might. the most part. ntalcn. mighty. to cause.-^e). mostly. material. ber SWat (. plural (number). opinion. tune. bic SWo(^t (-. perceive. de- bag Wlaul (-eg. tnccrfrcmb.. or number. much. -). -^er). painter. Mtn^6) human being. — — — — (— mine. (fairy) tale. mas (day) (Sept. bag a^ltttcrial (-g. do. mouth {of light. ^t). think. mdrfftlg. ble ai'lttrinc (-. kitchenmaid. bic 2uft mathematics. knife. -en). eg). humanity. mine. to paint. portman- bic bie SWclonc (-. coin = about 24 cents. border country. -en). -). er. bic 9Kctobie (-. . most. -n). ). many (a). saddlebag. stamp (letter). they. boundary. see SD^agb. people. majority. -n). tnctncn. to bic Wan^ (-. of mel^r). sea. bag — — mine. to. note. to (ber) 9Kirf|acU^ (ber — tag). sometimes. 29th). once. but pi. great quantity teau. bic SJlotfc (-. tnciftcn!§. man- kind. bcr SWars (-en or -eg). thought. man. -c). mark. observe. power. bie mot. bic Wlci)Xiaf)i -en). effect. girl. bag Wlavd)cn (-g. tnal^Icn. to mark. multitude.VOCABULARY to 219 March. to be of the opinion. bic SKarJ (-. grind. stock. bcr legend. . air. -). further. joy. atmosphere. market- bag ajieffcr (-g. ntand^mal. Michael- march. attack. for mantii ( — — — er. meal. e.my. strange or unused to amount the sea. -^e). Wlann (-eg. often. {poetical). many ber a one. crowd. place. bic 9Jlcnfc^f(ett (-). navy. to begin. strength. melody. person. ber 'Silavtt (-eg. (-. more. mass. ajjftbc^en. more than. air. \ia% SWabd^cn (-«. ^t).or -eg). to mill. -^e). to make.

bag 2>ltttageffcn (-g. disposition.. tttiibc. along. Monday. ^). morning. assist. kind. tnitcinattber. may. must. to. conj. prefix. mitgelaufen). bie SDlittutc (-. -e). milk glass. news. bie Sltillion (-. -n). (dat. to be obliged ift have to. tniftgiinftig. to run with. mufete. (superl. tnittcn. to murmur. effort. -e). ute towards. and sep. and -^er). iellow-. courageous. expression. .. moral. -e). not worth while. home. tnit£irtngen (brad^te mit. together. murrcn. trouble. bearing. milliard (bil- lion). mithJirfen. am folgenben on the next day. lief mufe. ber aWilitarbicnft (-eg. tnorgcn. -^e). Middle Ages. morning. envious. gemod^t). -en). ber fEUonat (-g. pains. fritf). take part. possible.. multipli- with. millttufen (er lauft mit. as possible. . -er). missionary. . later. after. bag SRitglteb (-g. prep. mine. dawn. {in compounds). to be possible. -n). adv. ber SWorgcn (-g. along noon(day). ber Wlunt} (-eg. be willing. as milk. nad^bcm. by ber Wlxtttoodi (-g. tttiigttd^. bie courage. towards. adv. degrees. tnuttg. yielding. grumble. gcmufet). mouth. CO-. along with. member. according collaborate. nid^t ber toert. orally. to. mood. as. morning. to-morrow morning. contrib- ber SfJod^fotgcr (-g. to like..). tender. tired. successor. spirited. ber 9Kittag (-g. ber SOlut (-eg). little little. — unb — by — ^aufe. -e). meal. jealous. afternoon. gentle. flexible. after. aWuttcr (-. bie 9Wittcrnarf|t (-. labor. WliUiathe (-. minute. Wednesday. to cooperate. — — . to be permitted. -e). -en). (-. ber SRontog (-eg. bie Wlixfie ber aWifftonar (-g.). mit. mother. -e). tnogen nad^gtcbig. midway. (in) the middle of. miller. (er afterward. afterwards. together. spirit. -en).220 bic beginners' GERMAN (-. tttorgcnft^iin. generous. mag. tnit. tniiffcn (er (each other). to bring with or along. noonday m nad^ (dat. -en). -n). bag aWUr^gla^ (-eg. to-morrow. -). bie morolifd^. cation. bic aKitd^ (-). dinner. million. or along with. -). -^er). at. mitgebra(|t). ber aWiiffcr (-g. Wlkne mien. bte aJiuItipUfation (-. -n). -e). inttb. military service. mild. mod^te. -). com- with one another plain. bog miUdaiicv (-g). month. ber 91adf|mittag (-eg. midnight. tnijglic^ft of mogltd^). to. — along with. bie 9^adf)rid^t (-. as beautiful as the bie SOltnc (-. nad^ticr. -). -e miittblid^. desire.

nuijc. near to. nine. quite bte S^labcl (-. nein. bag ^Imiativ (-eg. nominative tional holiday. Mation (-. bie bie MuU (-. -n). bie Sflafe (-. 9lummer (-. nieberge* fd^offen). niebrig. -n) . nearest. -^e). neu. along. vile. northward. useless. (-. useful. ural science. neunte. difficulty. bic ^adfi (-. ncugtcrig. -^e). madden. close (by). -en). -n). fid^ ntebergelaffen). nicberfc^ie^en (fc^o^ nteber. namely. -en). . need. neben {dat. nennen (nannte. never (again). ber 9'lotJcmbcr (-(g)). bie ber Slorbcn (-g). nothing. ber Mamt (n) (^ (n) g. 9lu^en (-g). necesnecessarily. curious (ly). once more. naught. Mr mdit§. ber 91 attonalfcicr tag (-eg. named. of nai)). modern advantageous. fool. to name. namtn§. (-. beside. -en). nose. or ace). (c) near. nether. reenforcements. use. ber (-n. low. bie ^atnx nature. low. November. new batch. jealous (auf. to take. no. down. call. national monument. number. shoot down. ncben^er. ha€ 9lattonaflicb (-eS. still. -e). neuere ©prad^en. neun. of the name. of natiirliifi. nur. bie S^Jot (-. without ado. nac^ft). (-. cipher. merely. -e). -It). that is to Uefe fic^ nteber. asyet. further . necessity. closest. mtr coolly. borhood. mean. -n). ber 9^arr (-en. beside. yet. nearness. bie StaturrtJtffenfrfiaft nat- nolhjcnbigernjeifc. want. ttic^t. to sit down. na- another. never. nicbcrfc^ouctt. languages. nad^ft (superl. profit. neigh- niebcrtoffen (cr fid^ nteber. settle. — not. nobody. sity. envious. wet. unprofitable. -er). genannt). ntcbcr. no one.VOCABULARY bcr 221 ^a^^^nh (-c«. Low na^ bic — (nal)er. national song. now. new. genom* men). — — . beside. nail. fic^ an. but just. -en). natural (ly). — einmal. a little nc^mcn ncibifd^. needle. to look down. to wit. ad- vantage. well. -t). na^. ^t). nic. ninth. to say. during the night. (-(e)§. ^). next. p while ago. scarcely. title. ^cr). nation. next to. namlirfl. (case). seize. only. of). German. nictnanb. bag S^ationotbcnfmat nimmcr. avail one's ber self of. of course. near. New Year. nun. idiot. trouble. -en). (er nimmt. nalnt. zero. just. Ictfet ^afft -n). ber SflominatitJ (-g. . nit^ltdl. name. to turn to ad- — vantage. lowly. nu^tO!§. night. Sfltcbcrbeutfc^c ber SfJagcl (-g. liber over night. the ttorbnjart^. North. nod^.

chief. Of en (-8. bcr Offisier (-«. Ohetpvima. -e). Easter. (-. -n). to plant. ft(^ upper third (grade). ))f(an3en. whether. parliament. -e). easterly. sciences. ofohtx). sacrifice. orderly. . -c). the modern. although. ^erUment (-f8. -e). bie Baltic Sea. pair. minister. bie ^fingftcn {pL). park. of Oi^ne {ace). bie Ohcvtcttia. proper. (-8. ftc^ feincr SBege ofierft (superl. school. upper lip. tid^ O^er ohttt. horse. or. Oftern {pL). without his seeing. ber Oftpfier (-(«)). obcr. man higher school. above. stove. officer. r6le. Hifetfen (pfiff. bofe er bemerfte. October. offering. bie Oftmarl eastern border and technical subjects upper country. oft. East. uncle. seventh year in a GerDficrfcfunba. ber Oiierji (-en. to go his way. highest. bie Oftfce (-). exthat. or else. magistrate. bcr ^Pfennig (-8. usual. neut.). -n). — . -). make sacri- bie bie {-. -). ^). paper-bas- authorities. regular. bie offen. victim. frank. bie bie 06crrca(f(i^u(c (-. paper. clergyman. ^acfen. -n). but save bog ^ferb (-eg. without. -tn). so that he did not see. plant. ijffentlid^. coin. on high. open. offnen. -e). second (grade). ^). ear. whip. colonel. to open. O^ferfreubig. gcpfiffcn). are emphasized. flfterig {compar. the smallest oft). ^crfoH (-. public. oven. ber ^tLpxtttmh (-e8. orbentlid^. -). -tn). ^flanse (-. at the above. about ho. clear out fifth year in a German higher on his way. ninth year. highest class in a German higher school. son. ber ^fttrrer (-8.^. parto whistle. ber Often (-«). cept. to sacrifice. for. a German by higher 'school in which the ancient languages are displaced Cl)fterrei(^ (-8. iI-q mark. -e). :>>ftrUmettt«rtf(^.222 BEGINNERS GERMAN ber Dnfcl (-8. -n). upper first (grade). dftfid^. bog t^a^ner (-8. public. baa '^(LdX (-e8. Whitsuntide. and where the arts. that. to be gone. eastern. otherwise. couple. Pentecost. obtoo^I. self-sacrificing. fruit. ohf if. parliamentary. bcr ^axl (-e«. -en). h(i?> — — but quite often. ket. Austria. willing to fices. top. often. person. though. aloft. bie Ofirigfeit (-. OUtllppt O^fern. ber \>a^ bo« Dbft (-C6). oi)etf)aii>. -e). bie O^r (-(e) 6. -en). bie 5)Settf<^e (-. German \ cent. top. -en).

dependency. -e). German higher Greek is re- ber plural (-«. count upon.). to please or suit ^rofa (-). rcgc. plantation. -en). -n). justice. king- German higher school. -n). rich. for). mattt (-. square ber 9f{cgctttro))fen (-g. title. rcben. point. ber tlSta^rcgcn (-3. realm. ber ^ratt (-6). ^lantagcnbcfi^ung (-. ber JRafen^ta^ (-e3. professor. ber ^rofeffor (-«. rain. -ten). plo^iidl. [i{^ ta(i}tn. -en). claim. -n). tending. rain- drop.VOCABULARY Mc bie 223 ^5flautnc (-. school in which &timna\mm. -en). bie -n). bounce. political. -). bie Oueffc (-. -n). prose. ^tagc (r. to speak. ^ficqe (-. to be right. dot. ber Ofiegen (-g. cultivating. Prussia. arithmetic. plural (num- ber). reckon. right. private — I^abcn. present tense. fifth grade. -e). the second year in a rcgnen. rebound. ha^ dit^t (-eg. dom. (-. red^nen. talk. -^e). btc bie bie rttf(^. alderman. properly. fourth grade. to take revenge. calculate. ber lawn. bie ^ribatfc^ulc school. bie 5)StftoIc (-. ^(antage (-. pour of rain. talking. placed by the modern languages while Latin is given with fewer bic 9fiee^cttauf0a0c (-. ber ber Of{eaIgt)mnaftaft (-en. plum. -n). ttti)i^. -e). counting. -^e). pxtn^xidi. sharp (of time). to count. neut. ^un^tn (-«. rule. -n). Mat^^ttv (-n. task or ha^ ^xaitnS. lessons than in the ®l)mnafium. bie everyone. fostering.-). bie Oltarta. <>rofitl your health! may it do you much good! ha^ ^utt (-eg. dominion. law. bag 9iebcn (-g). councilman. desk. (-. ha€ Ofied^ncn (-g). rest. of a 9^ealgt)mna[tunx. lesson in arithmetic. eg alien Sen* madden. real. ten — quite. ^JoUtifr^. -e). btc Ouabratmcile mile. bie duinta. -en). ^rtugcffm -nen). pupil ^k^ (-e8. the third rcgtcrctt. plantation possession. prince. year in a German higher school. to reign. -n). care (of. plague. to the right. bag Oleirfj (-eg. quick(ly). astir. rcd^t. (-. -). ber ^nnft (-eS. see also sudden (ly). . bie 9?aft (-). source. period. -en). rcic^. on the right. speaking. speech. pistol. bie OfJcbc (-. active. to rain. -n). Prussian. empire. rat. -e). spring. place. ber bie ^ri«s (-en. -n). sudden down- ba^ 9fJeol0t)mnafium (-6. -en). lively. princess. right.

religion. Romance. -en). thong. retrogression. return. Saturday. tradition. to flow. ber 9fiettcr (-8. call. quiet. geritten). -). bag 9{id(|tl^aUj^ (-feg. still. retf. ' rose. -). quiet(ly). reifen peaceful. ba^ dlo^km). ber IR^cin^falser ber ®arf (-e^. neut. ber JRcic^^tag (-c8. charger. to say. row. thing. Qcrufen). rtec^en (rod^. tot. run. of the empire. ant of the Rhine. phrase. bic JHeltgtou (-. riefcn^aft. retten (ritt. romanifd^. cry. put in bic nounce. -). — (rife. correct. bie 9fJul^e (-. multitude. fd^arf. govern- ber ytMQanq (-e8. inhabitbie (-«. case. -e). fairs of the empire. to tear. execute. mature. af- -n. •^fer). famous. ruttb. ift gerannt). (imperial) Parliament. rufctt (rtcf. -e). speak. ber fRtd^tcr (-g. trooper. horseman. rescuer. ift geronnen). tell. rye. to regulate. Chancellor. -^e). (-. jury. skin. renncn (rannte. bie ber 9fJoggcn (-g). journey. ex- bie 9ici^e (-. and l^abcn). court- damage. ©d^ar (-. leap- rinnen (rann. -en).). flock. to run. right. bag (Sd^oltial^r C-Ce)g. calling. cause. reifen (aux. -n).224 BEGINNERS' GERMAN hit 3Jofc (-. -). tranquil. -e). fid^ ru^ig. to travel. -n). to turn. to usurp. bcr ditxdf^tan$ht {-^. -^e). -en). ber ©d^abe(n) (-ng. shell. . to judge. Samntluttg (-. ripe. band. . sleep. vocation. singing. dim. cross. gerod^en). Saxony. sleep. sack. ift round. to rest. crowd. Imperial baS 9ioff (-ffe«. -n).-f[c). to smell. in- house. an ru^mboll. to address. claim. glorious. in order. fctn peace. savior. wrongs. ber (Sang (-eg. order. -e). bag. legend. to adjust. to ride (on bic horseback). gigantic. ber 9iuf (-eg. rul^en. going back. year. rank. peel. Romanic. retreat. strap. bic 9Jcl(^^angcIcgcnl^clt (-. rid^tig. sentence. affair. sharp. red. -en). ment diet. bic dttxd)§vtqkvttnQ (-. song. tale. @a(^e (-. -^e). Sad^fen (-«. saying. ©d^atc husk. sour. to call. rest. -n). -). judge. reputation. fauer. horse. Palatinate of the <Sagc (-. -en). ©a^ (-eg. race. ber -^e). -n). arrange. pro- rtd^ten. bcr Sicirige (-n. -n). •*). fagen. collection. to try. order. line. geriffen). to bcr (SottD^tog (-eg. bic ber Dfticmcn (-g.

ha& ©d^iff= (fd^rieb. snout. bie ©(^ulftufic i-f -n). shoe. bcr ©(^iffcr (-S. frfina^^cn. shadow. show. prize. press heart). f(^mal. ift foam. -e. dim. fd^rifttid^. -). fd^Itmm. -^e). rail against.VOCABULARY bcr ©(fatten (-6. beat. d^en). to strike. -). to shine. fc^iJn. poor. fc^cinctt (fc^ien. pretty. to abuse. frfinattcn. key. narrow. <5(^ranf (-eg. innocent. -er). boatman. ber ©emitter (-g. gcfd^Iagen). clerk. sod. behold. to insult. gcfd^mtten). joke. fc^rcitcn (fd^ritt. muzzle. frflttngctt ©^ulc (-. closet. fright. step. school yard. bcr Sd^rctficr (-g. -^fer). f^aucn. pupil. guiltless. to treasure. skipper. to cry to (out). to separate. to rout or defeat. to vituperate. bad. scribe. ©c^u^ (-eg. (fc^Iang. clod. estimate. ber ©d^ul^of (-eg. to buckle. (S^naujc (-. [eitteg ©d^rittcg gc|cn. -ntn). bcr ©d^ritt -c). (to the bic cobbler. or bie ® d^ij^jfung mation. ift Sd^impfnamc (-nS. bie ©d^uHtnb (-eg. beautiful. fd^a^Ctt. -). -it). . snow. -en). school. bag (-fcg. writer. ©d^aum (-e^.-). gefc^Ioffen). auf. -n). ©(^u^mad^cr (-g. (-. ^c). name. cutter. to ba& <Srf)iff (-eg. fc^mcden. to send. swift. entwine. wicked. -^c). fd^rcifictt bcr awful. -). id}U(i)t. wind. ber rapid (ly). l^at gcfc^ieben). cupboard. bag Srfilafsimmer (-S. conclude. -en). -n). to fc^Ucftcn to shut. bic ©d^iilcrsal^t (-. eg fc^mecft mir. fd^idfctt. author. bic ©c^ottc -n). write. ship. fd^rafen (er fc^Iiift. frightful. wardrobe. bie ©d^il* gefd^Iitngcn). f^crgcn. for- to depart. lovely. terrible. nickname. vessel. 225 fd^nctbcn (fd^nitt. (girl) pupil. -). (-. snap. bcr — secretary. see. -t). close. join. ground. -). to jest. -). fc^Iug. snatch. fc^tagen (er fc^tcigt. relish. gefd^riccn). fd^rcdltd^. fc^on. pace. shoemaker. fd^tm^fcn. go way. I like it. in writing. gcf^Iafcn). lather. gefd^riebeti). fd^netcn. to snap. abusive gef (Written). ber <Bti}ncibev (-6. creation. sailor. fd^ulblo^. pupils. f(^eibcn (f(^ieb. gaze upon. (-eg. to swallow. written.(display-) window. school child. bedroom. school- good. bcr ©c^rcd (-g. -). stride. to taste. to lerin (-. sling. taste bag ©d^utl^ou!^ house. already. his ber bcr bad. to fc^ttcH. (fc^Iofe. stride. quick. fd^Iief. lock. schoolroom. fd^rctcn (ferric. value. to seem. case. proceed. number of bcr ©(^liiffcl (-g. appear. to sleep. gefc^ienen). -e). ba^ ©d^aufenftctr (-g. to look at. tailor. to cut.

black. chair. ^e). sure. groan. room. sister. heavy. baQ @(^hjcrt (-eg. etc. to c8 ftnb. ©tngutor (number). bie ©cl)nfud^t (-). thoughtless. -^c). . be quiet. faf). -). ©cfuttbc (-. make sure. torate. seldom. put. ber ©inn (-eg. very. singing. fdlhjad). in a ftd^ German and higher school. (-g. (-. nouns). of reflexive proitself. self. independent. fld^cr. his. fcittoorti^. sword. ift gefunfen). to sigh. curious. hard. iDar^ ift thought. gefc^lDiegen). be silent. ber 6cffel (-g. ftngcn (fang. reflect. there are. colony. meditate. longingly. fiebte (fiebente). fd^hjarg. tail. fcufjcn. ftnncn (fann. bit ©(^iiffcl (-. villain.ba^ <S(^u^gc&ict (-eg. -n). ba^ ©^ttjcrtgcflirr (-g). shelter. guar- swear. -e). scoundrel. seat. meaning. take oath. -e). separate. merce. vow. September. unmeaning. itself. ftcftcn. -er). -n). gefutigen). certain. ber ®c^u^ (-eS)/ defense. cease (speakdifficult. sense. . protec- felbftanbtg. feftfam. to sing. bag ©ingcn (-g). ocean. -n). school- fcit. ft^ttjorsgrau. Scmmel fcnbctt (fanbte. fcin (er gemefen). care. seat. on one side. myself. much. fly. to see. lake. fctbft. ftnnl0!§. each other. -^e). sev- ber bie ®ec ®cc (-g. ber fc^ctt (er fie^t. strange. herself.. bie ber ©(^ttJans (-e8. (-g. seven. f(^njiiren flit.226 ba& ®(^ul$lmmcr (-«. -n). fc^nfut^tig. self. yourself (yourselves). black-gray. enth. fcl^r. roll. look. place. (ig)e. fie^ern. blessing. to send. (-. to whir. dish. -n). ber ©ccl^anbcl ocean com- wreath. his. garland. (-. fci^tocigcn (fd^toieg. sideways. ber <Bti)\t>ttV antee. lowest class ous. (fd^mur. -n). taste. c. feltcn. foolish. bie. think. greatly. bic (Sc^ Dcftcr (-. dark gray. yourself. fc^cn. weak. eg. swords. — — er. safe. ace. to secure. victor's -n). i[t. -e). to ber <Bepiemhtt (-g). second. gefanbt). mind. fellDbritt. sixth grade. himself. himeven. ber. ber ©cgcn (-«. protection. to insure. them- one another. clanking of {dat. each with the other two. rare. ber bie Scitc ®d|urfc (-n. rogue. fc(^^. ft^hjtrrcn. oath. ing). to set. BEGINNERS' GERMAN -). gefoniten). silver. selves. gefd^moren). singular longing. -n). ftttfcn (fanf. to sink. for. fcin. side. sixth. bie page. ber (Stcgcrfronj (-eg. seri- bie ©cgta. — — — e. unconscious. sea. to be. . bag — its. fec^fte. (-8). six. bag ©liber (-g). -). fd^hJcr. since. gefef)en).

what do you bag ©^ielltjarengcfc^aft (-S. should. at once. iipi^. -e). see fofort. what playground. ber Spidptaici (-e8. then. cock (a f^janifd^. play. summer- time. gefprod^en). 6orge sorrow. sun. —t^). fogcnanut. ipitUn. ©taaten. family. Sunday. 33ereinigten ber ©onncnft^eln States. fonft. -^er). . to break. f^jcifen. ©Ranter {-^. (light). (beam) of the sun. such (a). t. bie maxim. -en). {as aMX. fo. shall that be). as well . 227 much. country. race. care. besides. fogar. bie Sommerl^i^ heat. f^jiiren. sharp. ber ^iSXC<mvtm^Vi. — fotJtet. trouble. that? shop. fonbcrn. holidays. summer sum- fpret^en (er fprid^t. -n). ought. — ipdt. so or as . ber ©tafi (-eg. -en). Spaniard. lanforeign lan.VOCABULARY fi^cn (fafe. ray administration of revenue. so called. bie ber Btamm (-eg. ber ©onncnftra^l (-8. pointed. -n). care.tX {-{t)^. Spanish. accordingly. to be descended. toy mean by fomit. (-«). -en). foglcid^. otherwise. state. frembc guage. United Saturday. (-eS.. baQ ©^ric^njort (-eg. as. fpajteren or ber — gefien. must. saying. immediately. fprtngcn (fprang. soldier. to span. so. to owe. staflF. late. -n). ©tabt (-. aud). saying. fofort. such. to play. formerly. perceive. ber ©ol^n (-eg. (-. ber <Bptudf (-eS. track. fein? (/z7. fprad^. thus. (-6. gun). -e). ber ©taatiS^au^^alt (-eg. trunk. ber S^janicn (-^^ neuL). -en). Spain. to speak. bie ©ommerseit (-. bie ©otrne (-. ift gefprungen). stick. -e). summer vacation. -^e). finance. -e). ftammcn. {-. — ©ommerfcricn {pi). such ber ©^ajicrritt to eat. mer month. to trace. free from derived (from). anxiety. . city. game.). stem. -).. but. fottcn. to go walking. -^e). (-. sprung. town. ber ©omtafiettb (-«. -n). guage.i (-en. f^annen. consequently. foI(^ (—er. say. bie -^c). . to sit. langc olS. -^e). ber bie bie <BptadiC ©ommcr summer. a. horseback. -e). -). toaS foil "ti^^ baS Bpitl {-€. fDrgcttfrct. fiefcffen). to spring. proverb. fohjol^l aU as long as. sunshine ber <Btaai (-eg. -e). — -^e). shall.. einer. -"-e). talk. to be or have to. even. speech. stretch. budget. be obliged or bound in duty. else. leap. -e). moreover. ber <Bonniaq (-8. ride on 'BiXt^di. son.

seacoast. -n). chair. cancel. southern. ber ©tola (-eg). geftritten). -^c). ftrelben. stick. ftarf. place. South Sea. fiiblid^. bic ©iibfcc (-). see ©cbict. ftrcitcn (ftritt. search (for). ber ©tubcnt (-en. rocky. (-eg. bic ©tutic (-. conflict. stanza. position. pin- bic ©tro^jl^e (-. instead of. ftubteren. -n). -en). bag ©todtocrf (-eg. ©iibfce* to die. mi. <Buppe sweet. posture. stumpy. to stick. soup. bic bcr ©tcitt (-e8. ftcigcn (ftieg. every . story. bic ©tubicn). put. ©tunbc (-. (-. struggle. be. -c). gcfto|)Ien). fiift. gcftorben). culprit. dispute. bic ©ummc (-. day. to enable. place. blackboard. board. posi- fu^cn. <Bitumpf (-eg. (-. head. -c). \itfitn room. tion. -e). South. bic (-. blunt. -n). sinner. to study. ftcrbctt (er ftirbt. see Sdffel. ([tanb. stocking. e). to sock. -n). (-. criminal. -n). (-.228 bcr BEGINNERS' GERMAN (-t^. steep. -n). strong. quarrel. ftrcld^ctt (ftrid). to stroke. sum. dull. table. ber ©jiben (-g). pride. gcftod^cn). ftcc^cn (er \ta<^. stop. bog ©tiid (-eg. ©tod (-eg). daily. to fight. -n). stick. period. geftrtc^en). broth. da. SBanbtafel. extension. to strive. ©trcdc (-.y. position. hour. ftum^jf. to mount. footplank. strand. tion. strife. -n). to dispute. condemned (-. distance. ftcdcn. stone. ber StcdnabcHo^f (-eg. bcr X beach. extent. subtrac- situation. MUn (cr ftiet)It. stick. river. bic itati (gen. ber Xaq (-eg. in ben — ©tanb fcljen. stout. spread. stretch. arnter bte — . ftct. bic ©tcCung placing. — steadily. bcr ©trcit (-eg. pole. silent. student. -). -en). (-. quarrel. steal. ftic^t. voice. story (of a house). -c). ftarb. bcr bcr (-t^. ftols. bcr ©trom (-g.). to place. -^c). ftcttctt. put. -^c). stream. study. bag ift ©tubium ©tu^t (-g. ascend. stool. bcr ©iinbcr (-g. to stand. gcftanbcn). piece. always. proud. sting. bic ©tranb ©tra^c Xafti (-. floor. path. continually. stony. pierce. fteinig. ^t). bic ©ufitraftiott bic ©tcHc -n). strike. ber (-eg. bar. set. ®tcg -c). -c or — tgfeitcn). bridge. -en). bic ber ber ©timmc ©tod (-e8. -n). tdQlidi. cane. ftill ( gebtet. quiet. -^c). still. -c). -n). recitation. ©u^pcnloffel.§. street. bic Stangc rod. ift south. ftcU. gcfttcgcn). -^e). to seek. be situated.

-n). bie £od^terfrf(uIe girls. Xat (-. evil. — XcUev (-6. part. interest. to tread. -en). sympathy. bie $£ur (-. bag Xuiif (-<«. deed. ber ^rati (-eg. to bie bie Xa^]c {-. tretcn (er tritt. ber tief. school for bad. tun (er tut. clear. fool. table-cloth. absurd. tec^nifd^. fir-tree. notwithstanding. watch. -n). -n). intimate. Xtxinaiimt share. trot. trat. aunt. (dat. joiner. across. (-). -). -). action. Xkt^ahci form. toff. stairs. act. tro^bcm. tulip. sad. ca traurtg. fense. uhtvaU. solace. animal. on account of. costly. ber 2. -e). to to endure. drill. ber Xvop^n ber Xto^t (-eg). I am door. -c). share. virtue. higher than. ^cr). ha^ bie Xkt (-«. cup. ber bie bit Xveppc (-. daughter. -^r). iiftcrfiringcn (iiberbrad^te. to give over. getrunten). iificrmorgen. loyalty. perleib. tragcn (er bear. -en). co- ber operation. mad. bag $£urnctt (-g). -e). gymnastics. -). to do gymnastics. eg tut mir sorry. drop. iibergab. tat. bie marks. Xanntnhanm Xante ^oft^e {-. surrender. deliver. true. make. table. -e). (-. death. dear. getan). ber Xvn^ (-eg). staircase. technical. trorfen. faithful. ). -en). not- sum bie grofeten STeile. pocket. Irage. far. -n). «6ergc6cn (er iibergibt. getragen).). -^er). bie Xxttie (-. Xnipc (-. •^). -en).VOCABULARY bcr Xaiet (-9. ink. above. iiberbrad^t). although. everywhere. active. ber Xi^^ (-eg. cloth. rowful. hand- treu. practise. lazy. walk. comfort. suffer. over. 3 ttaut. tmg. . beloved. boldness. -n). iibers geben). ten). 229 German coin.itel (-g. bag Sifd^tu^ (-eg. ha^ Xa^d)cntutti kerchief. tro^ (gen. -). -n). deep. ber ^or (-en. to do. in spite of. tatig. plate. -^e). -). ber Xx^^Ut maker. lifter Xoh (-eg). ber (bag) XtH (-g. iiiiCtt. bie loyaL Xteue (-). animal fable. bie Xottjttx {-. (-g. despite. by all way of. bie Xa^d^tnufit (-. 'i)at or ift getre* (-. teucr. -en). drop. (-e«. U libel. hk XuQcnh bie (-. -e(n) throne. defiance. to dry. for the most part. (-. defense and of©c^u^ unb . (-eg. -n). cabinet- turncn. step. (-g. flight of stairs. beloved. ^^ron (-g. exercise. to drink. over. withstanding. fidelity. participation. -n). day after to-morrow. trinfcn (tranf. although. title. ber or ace). . sincere. about. tropfctt. ' to bring to or over.

— . beneath. bie. not even. unaufmerffam. U^rmad^cr (-8. or ace). uneven. clock. bie -en). to associate with. U^rma(ftcrci (-. itlbng. the day day after to-morrow. bic ungcfdl^r. «6crft)inbcn (iibertoanb. umgel^en (ging um. ungliirffelig. con- iificrubcrmorgcn. -en). ttnabtdffig. to translate. disunited. incessant(ly). unfer {gen. umf el^ren {aux. clock (watch) maker. endless. over. and. about. to BEGINNERS GERMAN hand or reach over. ift umgegangen). umbrtngen \xixm\iitihat. WVX {ace). cross over (a river. rough. at the university. to downstairs. wrong. umf^onncn. not straight. inattentive. under(neath). (ber. -en). inaccurate. unten. clock (watch) shop. fein and fiabcn). thing. etc. ubcrtounbcn). um^erliegen gen). «ntcr {dat. near. bie immediate. away something unf^ulbig. cinen um cttoag to cause one to lose some. odd. neiit. take from one. \ia^) — —. below. guiltless. direct. -). (lag lie to umber. in order to. (-«. bie Untbcrfitdt (-.— or — e (e)re. past. over. innocence. to bring to death. university. ungetabe. sudden change. to stretch around. most. auf ber — . turn. around. «'6crfc^cn {aiix. al- fluous. -en). not right. Union (-. bie Unterl^aftuttg (-. about. ige. un- uficrfc'^cn. among. unbefannt. inactive. near. acquainted. approximate. entertainment. purity. transoceanic. fein our. (brad^tc um. to overcome. about. left unenbltd^. timepiece.230 uftcrrcid^cn. untdtig. unfortunate. obscure.). able. envelope. super- Ungarn (-8. to overcome. concerning. Hungary. tion. underneath. the ocean. sur- mount. turning up below. umJ^crgele* around.Qi us. umgebrad^t). unknown. dis- sension. bie Unetnigfcit (-. three days over- fused. bcr watch. ours. — unred^t. ungenau. ubertodltigen. uncin!^. conquer. -^e). at variance. to leap over. across unab^dngig. bie unhappy.ofXoxx). -en). U^r (-. . or about. innocent. the Union. encircle.). unb. subdue. unsuit- power. time of day. indistinct. turn around ber Umfc^Iag and tiaben). hence. conversa- cover. for. inexact. United States. after the unbeutlid^. ignorant. remaining. iibcrfccifd^. independent. present. discord. -en). Unfd^ulb (-). uneben. or over.

untcrftii'^cn. Germany. motive. bie JBcrbrcitung (-. spreading. promising. tierbunbcn). occasion. berglid^en). cross. terioration. tjcrbtnbcn (derbanb. unter= tta{)m. to ber sell. improve. -en). ^er). (unb fo unwell. attempt. to or even. ufttJ. gain. to render better. native country. ift Derblieben). traffic. to forget. gain. (grade) the sixth year in a Ger. baS aSoterlonb (-6. bergeffen (er berglfet. -n). the fourth year of a higher school. constitutional. bcrgleid^cn (derglid^. ttnhJO^l. sus- laws. ttvfiti^nnq§t)Oti. unite. to support. to untcrnc^mcn (er untemimmt. {-. place under. tJcrfaffungj^gemoft. tJCrftcff cm. untcrgeftan* vexed. -en). ^). unternommen). untcrftcHen. to compare. de- command). bie SSerfe^r^bcsicfiung (-. and so forth. berfoufen. lower first (grade) . lack of understanding or judgment. in vain. bertitetben (oerblieb. -e). dergafe. merit. according to the past. merit. tjcrbicncn. bergef* fen). propagade- man higher school. distinction. circumstances. service to. United States. to bo8 Untcrpfanb (-e^. relation. untcrrtd^'tcn.VOCABULARY hit 231 work up. -e). to undertake. manufac- UnkxVxppe lower lip. the lower German (grade). ben). bie lower second Untcrfefunba. make equal ber Unberftonb (-e«). tain. -^). decay. comcom- merce. inter- course. Untcr^rima. ber SSerfe^r^faben (-g. pledge. to teach. urn. condition. man higher school. security. decline. digest. be under (one's ten. thread of communication or commerce. to earn. ber JBcrfatt (-8). . ber Unterfdiicb (-g. to stand under. -en). ber JBotcr (-8. under cover or shelter. Untcrtcrtto. persist. displace. communication. cause. toeiter). under or berarfieitcn. difference. united. serve. assistance. supplant. profit. bog ^txffdittti^ (-ffeS. — bcrbrangen. fatherland. put to put. bcrgcbUrfi. to crowd out. join. Utt'terftc^cn (ftanb unter. instruct. ^er). JBcranlaffung (-. father. to second (a motion). -en). third bie Unterftii^ung (-. tjerbrieftltd^. bie bind. to bcrcintgt. circulation. the next highest year in a Ger- to remain. bie SScrgangcnl^eit (-. indisposed. bie support. fBttUfiV (-8). -ffe). bie mercial relations. -en). tion. ha^ (ber) JBerbicnft (-e8. prop. propping. correct. ture. 35ereintgte ©taa» ttnterftc'^cn. folly. adjust.

loss. get ready surprised. bcrf^arcn. with. exterminate. cin — r). to hear. pardon. represent. square. finish. t)icr. head. common "ba^ school. quently. different. beginners' GERMAN (-ffc8. to divide. damage. tocrtrctcn (er bertrttt. and ace). by. -n). tJcrftcrfcn. bcraeirictt (berjicf). bcrtrat. tjoran. beforehand. on. leave (behind). tooUenben. in. foremost. to run ahead. to lose. promise. tjor&crcitcn. tft ness of nations or races. berloren). fen). bie (berfd^ioattb. often. ahead. relative. tjermtffcn. bie JBiertclftunbc (-. formerly. k»crmctnt. bcrncl^mctt (cr bernimmt. vanish. ©cto einlegcn. from. apportion. in related one. to bcrltcfe.232 bos JBcrfc^rebcrlfialtni^ see cial condition. miss. to primary or to hide. people. tjcrtcilcn. kier)t)unbert. save. to accuse. bcrtilgcn. tocrftanben). advance. (-«. ar- k»oa. bie JBiiHcrgriJ^c (-. of. on aconwards. kJtcrcrftg. -ffe). bie 95oK^fdjuIc (-. at the count of. concerning. cin berflagen. swallow. to complete. toon {dat. bring action against. bird. before. nation. bcr aScrtretcr in front of. ber JBcrtoanbtc (-n. entirely. folk-song. supposed. try. bie IBcrft^rcd^ung (-. t»tclmttt(^). ber JBogel (-8. to attempt. often. saucy low. highly Derlaf* t)teI0ead^tet. -en). -n. totelfad^. (Dcrftanb. against. size or to twine. conceal. tJcrfaumcn. ten). bo8 miUixit^ (-eg. perceive. waste. ber JBerhJcgene (-n. abandon. nationality. range. imaginary. to spare. distribute. to veto (a (met)r. -n). cin — ^r). ^er). bemaf)m. commerbie don. much respected. injury. -). ber* SiJHerhJanberung (-. before. manifold. bertre* tjom=bon bem. to stand in place of another. to miss. a quarter of an hour. ticrfd^tcbcn. bcrfut^cn. bid much. to destroy.). to neglect. forsake. fourth. meift). four. prefel- sumptuous. -er). «•). tioSenbj^. bcrlaffcn (cr berlciBt. from. -n. ift bor=» QuSgerannt). bernommcn). -^cr). astonished. to par- S3erfe{)r8bejief)un0. bill). upon. full (of). representa- tjor {dat. fre- ber JBcrluft (-eg. regarded. -en). Dcrfc^Iungcn). t)crftc^cn ^oiUixnm understand. gulp bcrfd^roinbctt down. gration of peoples. much heeded. (-«. tjcrttcrcn (derlor. sue. insolent. in presence of. JBcrsct^ung {-). many. to prepare. to disappear. . great- tjcrfc^lingcn (berfc^Iang. rectangular. bag JSoH (-e8. on. -e). -n). completely. four cornered. toorau^rcnnen (rannte boraug. tive. mi- fc^tDunbcn). ber^tcl^en). ago. many times. biertc.

bie aSanbtafcI (-. forest. loud^g. fprad^ dor. tjortragen (er tragt dor. dim. pil- SJorlcfung (-. tion. toa^rcnb (gen. warehouse. display. ba^ SBaib- c^en). ber JBormittag (-e8. tjorfommen (fom dor. to carry or bring before. toofc^cn (er 'ma\^t. t)ox\pxtiiitn (er fpric^t dor. choice. maih (-eg. the day before the day before yesterday. preceding. watchful. ber SBanbcrtrieS (-g. bie SBanbfarte (-. bie J8orf(^uIc (-. front. -n). true. to dispose. when. -en). warm. Jjdrdorgcftcrn. roam. traveler. -c). sit up. bag aSorenlagcr (-g. -xi). -e). wall map dorgefprod^en). -er. — auf (ace). bie pronounce. come forth. what kind (sort — tuad^fam. bei jeber (-cS. -^e). ift borgcfom^ men). JBorbitbung (-. -en). see etldog. toa§. borgenomnten). wall clock. to wash. ber aSanbcr^mann (-(e) g. bie aSonbcrfc^aft (-. ber JSorfi^ (-eS). why. ber aSanbcrcr (-g. wall. to choose. to wait to arum. presidency. -en). toadfcn. vehicle. long ? feit — ? since when? how lecture (on). preparatory or wanderer. preparafore- bie (-. to pilgrimage. bie aSanb (-. elementary school. at each elec- ber ©orbcrgruttb tion. — . genuine. deliver (a speech). -^t). traveling. what. whilst. during. to wait. watch. -). ijorl^cr. forenoon. rule. take in hand. toanbcrn (aux. selection. toac^fen (er miic^ft. why.VOCABULARY toorfiilben. \>otUqtn. -en). travel. trug dor. fen). borflcftcrn. bie aSar^t (-. toarten. or for (one). day before yesterday. aSanbu^r (-. fetn). former. three days ago. real. to awake. take before. getoad^^ wax. ground. -e). to lay before. bic carriage. -n). pronounce to teach one how to to or chart. educate. during the toaffV. bie toaffUn. nal^m dor. appear. toufc^. represent. to ift of). ber aSagen SSa^t (-g. for. to wander. dor= getragen). aloud. -leute). vigilant. to ber time that. filr ein. toarm. prejudice. storehouse. elect. -en). happen. wood. reading grim. toalttn. wagon. guard. lecture. geh)afd)en). bag aSdrurteit (-g. ©orbertafct {-. . tjorne^mctt (er nintmt bor. front tablet. impulse (inclination) to wander. grow. to watch. -en). that which. traveler. -). huann. previously. election. to give a preparatory education. bie govern. -). -n).). 233 to foreshadow. undertake. tjorig. blackboard.

tuenngleid^. hJtcbcr. tant. time. around. on the other hand. about). importance. miebcr^o'Icn. road. little. pain. Santa ber aScrftag (-eg. deed. while. wherefore. tocil. tucntg. luarf. iDieber. who. iDiebergefel^en). bie SSett (-. ttienn. water. prudent. to defend one's totxti). storm. hjieber. route. distance. -n). tt)orben). though. auf -en). show. -en). wheat. although. see SBerftag. when. ber SSetn (-eg. what. . who. to see again. wager. of totx). weighty. to go further. -e). (-. way. bie SSettf)anbcI^marf|t (-. -e). -e). if. to prevent. tocrfcn (er mirft. -en). distocttcr* weight. world. gemonbt). on account of. hJcifcn (tt)teg. resist. to bet on it. style. bie because. -). (-eg). of whom. bag aScttcr (-g. bie SScrfftdttc (-. ber 9Scg (-eg. whenever. -e or -en).(-. fid^ — throw. h)te* eg. to write again. soft. Christmas. tocttcrgci^cn (ging iocitcr. ber aScftctt (-g). workshop. which. hJC^rcn. for the sake of. become. ber SSibcr^att (-g. delicate. hJtd^tig. ber SSci^narfjt^mann Claus. wave. see of bie world-commerce. bag SScrf (-eg. getoorfen). production. -n). of which. not much. be. geluiefen). when. worth. to gegangen). grow. bcrgefcfirieben). since. hJCffcn {gen. murbe [loarb]. (-. S!BctIc. hjclc^. beginners' GERMAN -). — — — er. a while. what. to with regard to. ber SScrfeltag. -^e). toie'bcrl^olcn. bie SSct^nac^tlscit (-). weather. large. -e). ha^ 9Sel^ (-eg. self. if. West. direct.). national commerce. for. wide. few. far. wise.). barauf — . fo fc^on — . -e). 2Bieber[ef)en! until we SBcItnJtrtfrfiaft each other again! good-by! totcbcrum. (over. because of. c. passage. work. wine. again. woe. toic. hjcrbctt (er toirb. ItJCifc. -n). SScKc (-. on account leisure. as. to misery. to turn hjcbcln. white. to bet. -e). to bie SSctfc -n). hJicbcrfd^rcificn (fc^rieb bie which. ift how. ber SBcigcn (-g). week-day. the tocttcn. value. whose. to repeat. like. as beautiful as. bie SSci^narfftcn (/>/. important. ftjci^. broad. fal) mie* hJtcberfcl^en (er fiefit power inter- ber. bring back. way. tocnbctt (toanbtc. manner. manner. Christmas ber aScrt (-eg. vine. he who. as hjcr. tender. working-day. oppose. time. hJCit.234 bog SSttfifcr (-g. bie SSSid^tigfeit (-. matter of importance. point. to wag. smooth. again. change. echo. . respecting. cunning. ift ge* hjcgcn {with preceding or following gen. agony of longing. hJCi^rtJCgcn.

operate. bie SBogc (-. aSortfotgc words. hold. (-«). when. -n). how many. astonishing. miracle. charitable. tounbcrtJOff. tounbcrlidfi. too. -). undoubtedly. tool^t. -n). tooHcn. aSoHc (-. -). desire. billow. of course. neut. — pay cash. host. what place. husbandry. -n). ber SBi^fcI toitttn. tooth. wiper. meadow. ber SBogen^raH waves. living- toinfcin. order of -n). wonder. town. ber SSurf (-eg. ber 3tt^n (-g. 3 bie 3tt^I (-. loufetc. (-. con- h)irtf(i^aftUdf(. on. to do. toomtt.). wave. toiinfd^cn. cloud. toirflid^. whereof. tool^tn. winter. whimper. like. economics. whither. weekly. upon what (which). wind. tounberfam. farming interest. with which actual. economic inber SBifc^cr (-«. perhaps. -^er (as SSorter* disconnected words. root. probably. rapture. ber SSirt (-eg. -e. inn. agricultural. to bie aSSurscl (-. wish. astonishment. bie SBirtf^aft (-. intend. effect. 2Siefc (-. tounbcrfiar. to wish. -^e). bie (what). whereat. at. place. tool^cr. will. er njufete fid^ ni^t ju fielfen. what in. -n). ha^ aSort (-eg). economic (al). whereof. wild. buc^). -). toO(^cntUc^. aSoc^c (-. -n). marvelous. wonderful. -e). (tree) top. pi. to desire. dignity. tooran. -en). figure. live. ^e). -en). want. to pay. jal^ten. benevolent. word. toDl^ttatig. over. at which. With. which (what). bie room. wherewith. bar . wonderful. whence. throw. ber SSintcr (-g. -en). produce. for (in) which. odd. black- tootiihtt. dwelling-place. to know. bliss. joy. to work. reside. to wonderful. aSonnc (-. bie nected words. -n). ber aSol^nfi^ (-e^. where. Vienna. bie aSiffcnfr^oft (-. -). ber aSol^ttpIa^ dwellingresidence. bie aSiirbc (-. -^e). indeed. innkeeper. number. to whine. gertufet). toiffen (er meife. ha^ SSunbcr (-g. honor. rebound of majesty. tdXCoitt. -). to count. . week. strange. he did not know how to help himself. bie 235 (-e6. number. tool^nen. office. be willing. ha^ aSo^njimmer (-«. -n). how. beneficent. to Sa^Icn. to dwell. -e).VOCABULARY lEBicn (-«. tootJOn. cast. ber SSinb (-eg. real. H. -e). -n). well. science. bie where. inn-keeping. of or concerning board-eraser. belonging to economics or to a house(-«. ha^ aStrtft^oft^intcrcffc terest.

to go back. f)abcn a»</ fcin). liefe Sulflffcn (cr lafet gu. foipt. time. pointer. ten. anger. tongue. to close. train. Scrfattcn (cr jcrfaltt. ha^ Sintmcr (-g. sound.236 BEGINNERS' GERMAN 5U. vault of 3»fwnft (-)/ future. backwards. back. toothache. (tarn guriicf. 5lbenb — to. 3"tt9C (-. to send back. to send back. turn. -c or -m). to. heaven. to elect governor. to take in addition. Sucrft. ju. bcr 3w9 (-eg. gcrbiffen). Sufammcn. to cut into pieces. about. 5crf(^ncibcn (serfd^nitt. pull. on back. bcr 3«dcr (-g). at first. to echo back. -ffc). i^cnftcr t)in= QUgfcl^cn. -tn). to show. judcn. to trace back to. return. to to come back. to break to pieces. priidgc* fanbt). on. ser« broc^cn). gcrbrod^. gcgogcn. to be angry (tibcr. tft re- ornament. by. tft gurlid^ decoration. suriidfommcn gcfommcn). bag Scugnii^ (-ffcg. flash. bic gcrfal* p. bear witness. baS Sett (-eg. line. certificate. back (on horse). juriirffcnbcn (fanbtc guriidf. reSUriirf^attcn. 5. — auf. bag S^nfcn (-«). at. — — »aufc. see 33eifpicl. scrfd^nitten). point out. -e). jetgeit. bic gangen). firstly. Sunc^mcn (cr nimtnt increase. crunch. JU %u^. for. ift dow. 8crf(^cffcu {aux. -). 5uriirffitf)rcn. len). to draw. to go up hand. 5Uriirf. Suriirfgc^en (ging guriicf. evening. 5C^n. quiver. 5ur=gu Siirncn. to .=3um 53ci[piel. with the teeth. fall into parts or branches. to be wrecked. draw. jcugctt. a3. to pieces. with). 3icr(i>^) (-/ -(Oti)/ ornament. (-g). Scr6rc(^cn (cr gcrbrid^t. jetintc. Sornig. rather. angry. bcr Scigcr (-«. to lead back. bet. at. pas- sage. to mark. ba^ SdfitiWtti (-6. jcrftel. to ride gurlidCgc* 3orn (dat. SCtd^ncn. . sketch. -). Scrftci^cn (jcrbife. gicrcn. -^c).). take place. at home. decorate. auf ben to be going on towards bic S^itc (-. genommcn). tft sugcgangen). sugar. to jerk. bcr Suritdrettcn (rttt priidE. go to -n). testimonial. aux. gu* to fall to pieces. pull. march. -n). to leave closed. ritten). ift sicken (gog. tolerable. to testify. cut up. too. tenth. fcin). start. room. quarreling. break bite. ha^ 3ci^nc« M)/ drawing. gugelaffcn). to admit. tent. gugc^cn (ging gu. $xemlidi. urn. bic bic Sett (-. jumad^cn. '»|3fcrb. guriidgcs extend. nai)m gu. together. on horse- — guriidffd^trfen. to look out of the win- — ©oubcrneur — to'd^kn. to 5um=gu bcm. to move.

among. be the be closed.VOCABULARY Sufamtncnfiinbcn (banb pfammen. to together. assem(ftanb ju. auQCitJanbt). to bind together. branch. turn towards. finb come ble. 5rtjci. sufammengcfommen). SUhjenbcn (toanbtc gu. . second. -e). two. aufammengcbunbeti). 237 to duty of. Sufammcnfommcn fie (tarn gufammcn. jiueitc. jtoolfte. jufatnmengefialten). aufaTnTTtcn. in truth. indeed. ber 8h»etg (-(e)8. of course. gtoifd^cn (dat. twelfth. Suftc^cn twelve. (cinem). to (cr Sufammcnl^attcn f)ielt pit jufaTttmen. augcftanbcn) jtoolf. ^tvav. meet. and ace). to belong to. to be sure. between. to hold together.

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It is the basic book of the WaUer-Krause German fol- contains forty-six carefully developed lessons. Drill in writing exercises. Walter famous. and Lecturer in New York University. made the centre of Instruction. the essentials of German grammar. reading 3. passages of connected English prose for composition work. building up of a working vocabulary is Is emphasized systematically. which has made Dr. 4. Director of the MusterscKule. After the preliminary lessons. lowed by selections for reading. and Dr. CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS NEW YORK ATLANTA CHICAGO BOSTON SAN FRANCISCO . 5. a full This book method. CARL A. skilfully worked out to fit the needs of American schools. 6. and a map of Germany. German accompanies the oral work and the reading Grammar The is taught inductively. More than six hundred German teachers representing the best teaching of German in America have by test found this inspiring book the most useful text-book for beginners. embodies the best features of the direct noteworthy in these respects 1. : Oral work is Insisted on from the outset.The Walter-Krause German Beginners' By Dr. Head of the Department of Modern Languages in Jamaica High School.00 This Series. KRAUSE. Frank- fort-on-Main. is 2. a group of the best-known German songs with music. New York City. A German atmosphere carefully maintained throughout the book. Price $1. It is vocabulary. Series German Max Walter.

New York City. and Dr. carefully graded so as to develop the student's vocabulary of the language. selections of a and to assist him in obtaining a mastery Following these are more general fifteen additional character for supplementary which are included a number of well-known German songs with music. CARL A. Its plan Is simple and the material needs of the average class-room. Price 90 cents This is based. therefore. with illustrations and accompanying questions and material for drill.'' upon the direct method skilfully worked out to meet the needs of American schools. Direct drill for oral and written work accompanies each of the reading 3. The A building up of a working vocabulary Is emphasized systematically. It contains fifty selections for reading. The FIRST in America. at- tract the attention of truly progressive teachers of German CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS NEW YORK ATLANTA " BOSTON CHICAGO SAN FRANCISCO . complete grammatical tables. Frank- Max Walter. an abstract of German grammar in German. like the "BEGINNERS' GERMAN. 4. The book is made more attractive and useful reading. and a full vocabulary. Series German Reader Director of the Musterschule.The Walter-Krause German First By Dr. University. true German atmosphere Is maintained throughout the book. exercises. GERMAN READER will. KRAUSE. It stimulates the pupil's interest and develops real reading ability. and Lecturer in New York fort-on-Main. after by twelve Some noteworthy full-page illustrations and a map of Germany. Head of the Department of Modem Languages in Jamaica High School. features of the FIRST are: is GERMAN meet the READER 1 . carefully graded to 2. 5.

CARL A. CARL A. This volume contains 87 carefully selected fables. cents anecdotes. Short Stories for Oral By German French Anna Woods Ballard. a list of verbs. with questions for drill. MAX WALTER Price and Dr. CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS NEW YORK ATLANTA CHICAGO BOSTON SAN FRANCISCO . and short stories. good pronunciation and intonation as well as to the developing of the vocabulary and especially to the It also has a very great culture learning of idioms. KRAUSE. practical means of It assists to vivifying modern language instruction. language and literature without an intimate acquaintance with German songs. in Instructor in Teachers College. and a vocabulary. Price New 80 York. KRAUSE.The Walter-Krause German Series German Songs Compiled by Dr. The present collection includes 62 of the best known of these songs. 50 cents It is generally agreed among teachers that school singing may be made a potent. No one can fully appreciate the German value. This should prove to be a most stimulating book for oral work. and Dr. an abstract of German grammar.

50cents CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS NEW YORK ATLANTA CHICAGO BOSTON SAN FRANCISCO ." Dr. The individual editors have been carefully chosen both for scholarship and teaching efficiency. Purin. 50 cents GERSTAECKER'S "IRRFAHRTEN." OTHERS IN PREPARATION edited by Dr. C. Professor of in the cents University of Vermont." edited by Dr. Assistant Professor of German in the State University of Iowa. edited by Appelmann. with the result that the series stands unrivalled for practical classroom use." edited by Dr. Specialist in Modern Languages. the They have all been edited in accordance with the demands of the Direct Method. Associate Professor of German in Hunter College of the City of New York. William F. M. University of the State of New York. William R. 50 cents STORM'S "POLE POPPENSPAELER. Busse. The text of each book has been divided into convenient reading sections. A. Associate Professor of of Wisconsin. Luebke. A.The Walter-Krause German The Series following annotated texts are now ready in Walter-Krause German Series. German in the University 50 German cents ARNOLD'S "FRITZ AUF FERIEN. Price. 50 SEIDEL'S "LEBERECHT HUEHNCHEN. each of which is followed by such notes as are necessary and by questions for drill. STORM'S "IMMENSEE/* edited by Dr.

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SEP 17 J932 i'l Cy-i m JUN 241933 t'tA.U.THIS BOOK IS DUE ON THE LAST BATE STAMPED BELOW AN INITIAL FINE OF 25 CENTS WILL BE ASSESSED FOR FAILURE TO RETURN THIS BOOK ON THE DATE DUE. C'D LD ''^Z 91962 . THE PENALTY WILL INCREASE TO 50 CENTS ON THE FOURTH DAY AND TO $1. 4 1942 JAN2 81954'- APR 28 1944 JUL2 819551.00 ON THE SEVENTH DAY OVERDUE.

LIBRARY UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA 1 .

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