K?

ggM®

CORNELL
UNIVERSITY LIBRARY
.

GIVEN FOUNDATION BOOK FUND
In

Memory of

JOHN LA PORTE GIVEN
CLASS OF 1896

Library Cornell University

PJ 9237.E7178 1972
Dictionary
pl.,.the.Atnharic,lan3^a^^^^^

1

481 3 1924 026 888

•«-"

'M

Cornell University Library
^=^

The

original of this

book

is in

the Cornell University Library.

There are no known copyright

restrictions in
text.

the United States on the use of the

http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924026888481

/

This is an authorized facsimile of the original book, and was produced in 1972 by microfilm-xerography by University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.A.

DICTIONARY
OF THE

AMHARIC LANGUAGE.
IN TWO PARTS.

A*MHARIC AND ENGLISH,
AND

ENGLISH AND AMHARIC.

BV THE

REV.

CHARLES WILLIAM ISENBERG,
MISSIONARY OF THE CH0RCH MISSIONARY POCIFTY

IN EAST AFRICA.

LONDON;
PRINTED FOR

THE CHURCH MISSIONARY
SALISBURY SQUARE.

SOCIET\',

I84L

1237

£1

/

:

LONDON

TEMPLE BAK. RICHARD WATTS. CROWW COURT,

PREFACE.

needs no appearance of a new Dictionary of the Amharic Language " Lexicon The only work of this kind hitherto published, is Ludolf 's apology.

The

Amharico-Latinum," Frankfort, 1698.
his piety as well as for his learning,

That distingtdshed

scholar, eminent for

from a confused mass of materials produced been said by a " History of Abyssinia," which forms the basis of all that has He also composed an subsequent writers on the affairs of that country.
excellent Ethiopic the assistance of

Grammar and Lexicon. Abba Gregorius, a native
prepare a

He

subsequently availed himself of

of ]Mal:ana-Selasse, in

Shoa

—who

for

a short time resided with him at the Court of
Pious, of Saxe

Duke

Ernest,

surnamed the

Gotha— to

Grammar and

a Lexicon of the Amharic

Language.

The

object of this last \vork was, to prepare the
of Abyssinia.

way

for the civil

and

religious

improvement

Considering the scanty means which
it is

he had for acquiring a knowledge of the Amharic Language*, how much Ludolf accomplished in his two Amharic works.
prising that they are far inferior to
his Ethiopic works, for

surprising
Jiot

It

is

sur-

which he had

ampler materials.

The Amharic
Abyssinian monk,
his

Translation of the whole Bible, executed in

Egypt by an

Abu

Rvmii, or

as the author of this Dictionary received

name from a

personal acquaintance of his, Dabtera Matteos

—-Abi

Ruhli,

a native of Godjam, which was revised and published by the British and
Foreign Bible Society, furnished a more valuable source for the study of the

Amharic Language.
* His Teacher was the before-mentioned monk, Abba Gregorius, who had no idea of any
matical rules of a langiiap:c
;

^am-

and who possessed, as the only

literary source for

Ludolf s Lexicon, a

small Vocabulary of the most necessary words and expressions for daily intercourse, in Italian and

Amharic.

iv

PR K FACE.
The want
of

a

good

Grammar and

Dictionary, however, v,as deeply
in

felt

by the Missionaries of the Church Missionary Society,
witli

their

intercourse

the Abyssinians.

Still

the author of this
to

work did

not,

during a three

years'

stay in Tigre, from 1835
it

1838, think of collecting materials for a

Dictionary;

being his conviction, that a longer residence in the country,
Society's edition of the Arnharic Scriptures,
his

and the publication of the Bible

which had not then taken place, would better qualify him, or any of
brethren,
for

the

execution

of such

an important work.
their

But when,

after
witli

the

sudden and unexpected breaking-up of
Rev.

Tigre Mission, he,

his fellow-labourer, the

J. L. Krapf, left Eo;j'|)t, for Rhoa, in
witli the necessity

January 1839,

fid the
for

Red

Sea, he

was so impressed

of collecting materials

a Dictionary, that he resolved to begin with this work while on their journey,
to

and
him.

employ upon

it all

the leisure hours which that long journey afforded
to read the

His plan was, while on the journey,

whole of
;

vrhat,

up

to

that period,

had been published of the Amharic

Scrijituros

i.e.

the Pentateuch,

the Psalms, and the

New

Testament, and to put down eveiy word contained in
in

them

;

and, after their arrival

Shoa,

to

collect

words from the Natives.
attempt of Europeans

The
to to

nature of the journey, however

—being

the

first

enter Shoa by a road liitherto carry a large library Avith

unknown
;

did not allow the Missionaries

them

nor were the great variety of circumfor

stances and situations

much

suited

deep study, or for the quiet thought

which such a work required.
of

At

sea,

they had to encounter the unruly motions

wind and water;
privations,

—on

their journey

by
with

land, the heat of a scorching sun,

various

constant

bustles

uncivilised that

natives,

and

various

other unpleasant

circumstances.

AH,

therefore,

the

author could do,

was

after having,

by the

assistance of a well-informed Abyssinian

panied them, secured the true signification of each word
in short notes in

to

who accomwrite it down
it

German, and

to

mark

the Biblical passage

where

occurs.

The same plan was
November
1839.

followed during the author's stay in Shoa, from June to

When
this

he came b

i,ck

to

England,

in

order to ask

the

consent of the Committee of the Church Missionary Society to his

carrying
Esq., the

through the press
Secretary,

and several other Amharic works, D. Coates,
hands
an

put

into

his

Amharic Vocabulary, composed by the

;

PREFACE.
author's late fellow-labourer in the Tigre Mission, the Rev. C. H.

^'

Blumhardt
Mission,

who had been removed,
begun that Vocabulary

after

the unfortunate breaking-up

of that

to the Society's Station at Krishnaghur, in
a. d. 1837,

North India.

Mr. Blumhardt had

soon after his arrival at
its

Adoa

;

and, with
it

the greatest assiduity, continued in

composition

;

and finished

at Malta,

from whence he sent

it

to

London,

in 1839, to the disposal of the

Committee.
lie

To

the perusal of that Vocabulary the author owes several words which
:

himself had not collected
In the

they are generally

marked with the

initials

BI.

same way, the author has marked those words vrhich he gathered
;

from Ludolf s Lexicon, Lud.

and the Arabic words on Golius' authority, Gol.

On

the author's arrival in London, he

had the

satisfaction
*,

to

find that the

whole of the Amharic Old Testament had been printed
with a copy of
it

and was favoured
This enabled

by the

British and Foreign Bible

Society.

him

to

collect the

remaining words of those Biblical Books which he had

not seen previously.

The most

necessary thing, the collection, being thus
fit

completed, he was obliged, in order to
the
to

the

work

for the press, to translate
significations attached

German
it,

into English, to give each

word the various

and

to

show

its

uses in conversation, by quoting instances, either from

the Scriptures or from

common

life.

This was done, while the work went

through the press

:

for the author

—whose
some

connexion with the Church Missioto

nary Society's Mission in Shoa obliged him
as

shorten his stay in Europe

much

as possible

—had
The

not time to finish the work, before the printing
defects are ascribable,
its

was begun.

To

this circumstance,
if

which would

have been obviated,
it

proper time had been allowed for

completion, before

was put

to press.

author especially refers to the want of illustrative

instances in the Second Part, and to the arrangement, in the First, of verbal

derivations
if

:

the latter of which

would have been, in some

instances, different,

he had been able to postpone the printing of the Dictionary, until the
in

Grammar,
some

the

composition of which he

for the author has, in his present
peculiarities in the verbs,

now engaged, was finished occupation with the Grammar, discovered
is
:

of which he was

not yet aware

when

the

* In Januan'

last,

(he-whole Bible

left

the press.

vi

PREFACE.
While, therefore, he aimed at the perfection of
it

Dictionary was printing.
Hiis

work, the anthor was obliged to submit to the necessity of rendering

as perfect as circumstances

would

allow.

Among

the quotations from Scripture, there occur a few which are
:

marked

with asterisks

these refer to such passages in the First Edition of the New-

Testament or the Psalms Mhich have been altered in the Second or Revised
Edition,

when

the printing of the whole Bible was completed.
if

The

student

is

requested to bear this in mind,

he should be disappointed in looking for the

quoted passages in the wrong

edition.

They

are,

however, of rare occurrence.
to

The

tj'pographical execution

of this

work does honour
type, that

Mr. Watts, in
cast

every respect.

As

also for the

Amharic

had been previously
latter

by

him, under the directions of T. P. Piatt, Esq., while the
intending the printing of the Amharic Bible.
It is the best

was super-

type which has ever
it

been used in Ethiopic Literature

;

and the Abyssinians, who saw
it.

in

the

Pentateuch and the Psalms, were much pleased with

The next
Language
is

object

of

this

Dictionary
in

is,

to

assist

the Missionaries of the

Gospel appointed

for,

and labouring

those countries in which the

Amharic
it

spoken, in preparing themselves for their work, and in carrpng
It
is,

on in Abyssinian Schools.

at

the same

time, intended

to

meet the

demands

of an increasing interest

among

the Christian Public, in the Civil
Lastly,
it

and Religious welfare of the Abyssinian Nation.
this

is

hoped that

work may,

in

some measure, contribute
;

to the
it

advancement of the know-

ledge of Semitic Languages in general

and that

may become

the

means of

facilitating the study of other African Languages; of which some elements, the

author believes, have mixed with the Amharic

;

and of others, into which the

Amharic

enters to a greater or lesser extent.
to

The author begs
Church
ration of this and

express his sincere thanks to the Committee
tlie

of the

Missionary Society, for

assistance rendered to

him
he

in the prepa-

several other works for the use of the East-Africa Mission.
sa;,,

He would

take this opportunity to

that the longer

is

in connexion

with this Society, the more he finds reason to thank

God

for

having placed

!

PREFACE.
him
in their service

'

'^'"

—the more he

honours, the more he loves them.
so abundantly

May
all

the

Spirit

and the blessing of God, which has hitherto

been upon
parts

them, and so signally crowned their labom-s at home and abroad in
of the world, cont'nue with

them, constantly increasing;
;

enabling them to

overcome

all

their difficulties

and

faithfully to

discharge their duties, to the

glory of God, and to the building up of His Church
for the present distressing state of their

among

the nations

!

As

funds—which

the author especially

prevent them from giving their East-African Mission that succour which he could wish ^lie trusts that He, whose is " both
regrets, because

he

fears it

may

the silver and gold," and

who has commanded

us to pray " the

Lord

of the

Harvest to send Labourers into His harvest," will inspire the members of the
Society with an abundant measure of love and zeal, so as to
willingly with their substance, to assist the

come forward

Committee

to

go on with renewed

vigour in their course.
In

now taking

leave cf this his

humble
to

offspring, the author

commends

it to

the indulgence

of the

Reader: and

the
is

protection
final

and blessing of the

Almighty, the promotion of whose glory

its

object.

May He

render

it

a means,

to enable the Abyssinians, as well as their Teachers, to

proclaim in

their tongue the wonderful

works of God;

and a channel for convejdng the

salutary influences of Evangelical Doctrine and of Christian Civilization, from

enlightened Europe, over benighted Abyssinia

C.
London,
Oct. 1841.

W. ISENBERG.

NOTICE TO THE BINDER.

/

The

Alp'iabetlcal Table

is

here to be inserted, immediately facing the Dictionary.

,

OUDHRof tlio VOWllLS.

\.

«;'.

11. >s:i

111. ir;:

POWER
NOMERICAl,
ouniiK
of Ihc

of

tlie

VOWELS
of

.

.S7itrr^.

a, or a,

a.v i?i

cat

00, or u,

f/.v

in full,

put

'i

«.»

in pin, finger

Ethiopic

names

Vowkls "lOli

i

Gcez

{original)

Irifj-n: kilcb (altered, second)

W|Afl:

s'll'S (tliird)

LETTEllS

NAMES

of Letters

VOWEll

of Letters

1.

Sli

Hoi

rt'~T~H

U:

ha
la

Ih:

hu,
lu,

or

hoo

4.:

2.

E:: cii
u;:

Lawi
Hd^t
MtVi

L

A:

A-:
fh-:

..loo
.

3. 4.

ha

hoo
uioo
SCO

M
D
to

uo: ma
S

3

niu

.

5. iE:;

aaut
Re-es
Sit

UJ:
«^:

sa ra
sa

U^:
<.=
ft-:

su ru
3

3

.

6.

s;:

R
u~
^
'

.

roo
sc^o

^.'Li\
8.

s

1*1:

SU

.

.

^;i
E;;

Shat
K'-df

u) IwT^

SH
anion

II:

sha
k'a

n-:

shu
k'£

..

slioo

X
1

forced with a
pecuiifti'

9.

JV

f

*:

.

.

k'oo

„ ^

P
10. r.i

5

)

of the prtlate and throav.

n-

bi'i

.

.

boo
tco

11.15;:
12.

ti

..

imi
in;-J.

tshu
1

,

.

tshoo

'
,

13.
14.

liu

.

hoo

101;

i.

nu

3

.

.

noo
g:ioo

13.
10.

isu
i%U
1^::
?i-

gnu
u
3
,

.

.

oo

17.
13. 19.

Tn-:

ki
chii

.

.

k30
C 100

Is;;
iy::

Tl-:
O).:

. .

wu
3

3

,

.

voo
00
zoo

20.35:;
21. 22.
23. 24. 25.

th:
H-:

\J

.

.

3

ssn
^Bi;

zu
.

.

.

a

J"

..JOO
. .

snis

P:
!L-

yu
du
.3

3

JOO
doo

son
!ES:;

.

.

^•
T-:

J"
3

..joo

gi
,

goo
too
tili'oo

26. 27.
28. 29.

ss;"

SS;j

m-:
Tsh'ait
P'ait

.

ES;1

cot:

tsh'u

,

.

Se:;
mil

P

^

iuddcn explosion

A.:

pu
ts'u
.

i3

,

.

p'oo

of breath from between tbelipa.

30. 31.

Tsadai
Ts;,r'Pa

Is

,

resembling

K:

Is

a

«-: 0-:

.

tij'oo

<'

and

ith*

msn
mnv-

!?

Ts

R:
<5.:

tsa
fa

tsu
fi\

.

.

t'iOO

32. iQl:;;

Aff

33.

F P

.

.

foo

T:
«!»»
:

pa

T:

pu

a

.

.

poo

k'iia

-*.;

hh'ua
kiia.

DIPHTHONGS

Y>:

>:

guii.

: :

FIRST PART OF THE AMHARIC DICTIONARY.
AMHARIC AND ENGLISH.
: Vl generally stands instead of a wcrd (1) after Prefixes as, ) —(!>:: (3) by itself, ^vith the colon only, when before Suffixes; as and (2) instances are brought forvsard to illustrate the word in question; e.g. U-H-z all, every : "every man," '-all men," instead of (l(Ef- If-A-" flQy.;

Note.

Tlie dash

(—

;

;

U—

others.

—«:

ABBREVIATIONS.
Elh
Ethiopic.
S

Ar
non
occ.
.
.

Arabic.

Amh
Tigr. or T.
.
.

Amharic.
Tigre language.

|
I

Eur. .... European.

non

occurrit, " does not occur."

Shoa
The

Shoa

dialect.

{

Parts of Speech, and several Grammatical expressions, are abbreviated, as in other Dictionaries.

U

:

HA, is the first letter of the Its

phabet.
is

Abyssinian Alname, as mentioned by Ludolph,

modern Amhara people do not favour many
guttural sounds, they generally pronoimce

ITX-

»oi, (for*|'E: ^c.

iLKA:

the h letter,
;

U

:

A

:

and

'J: alike,

with a gentle breath-

or letter in use for expressing the sound K) but the Abyssinians of the present day, who

ing, as the English h in house, distinguishing

them only from

seem

to have lost the

names of

their letters,

nX in from which they call d>9"<.flh: hameruh; iti:, or the HA in •jn^J.j^:, and from the 1: which they call -11 H":}!"!: bezuhana ha, or I* is pronounced with the h in •OH-ilS'i " some aspiration, like our h in house; and correcall it

UA-^SMJ:

luiirrAtinA,

or

tlie

'Yl: which is pronounced with a stronger aspiration, as the German ch in noch nkht. On this account, these gutturals-

UAx:J'C0': in order to distinguish it

are often confounded in writing

:

and

Amharic language in general is, as yet, far from being settled, the student is requested to look for any word,
as the orthography of the

which he

may

not find under this

letter, to

sponds with the spiritua aspcr (') in the Greek, the n in the Hebrew, and the i in the Arabic
lanoaiage.

U—

ih:"!:. oreveu"Yl: and to ?\::
:

HA, prep., is often, in

common
®J^:

life,

in-

accurately used, instead of
towards.
It

to,

unto,

This distmction, however, refers

only to the original Ethiopic, and the modern for as the organs of speech of the Tigre
;

— 13:

seems to origin<ite from Yj with which it is sometimes confounded.
1.

Suffix 2 pers. sing.

m.

(a) to

nouns:

B

:: ;

— Ih-.-.U-A^^I:
^XTW
pass
(c)

(

2

)

»ZA.A'^: ...U-Ci^:

thy m., e.g. rL'"ftJ: "if>y house." (h) to verbs e. g. OB^'U : " he has beaten f/iee." "XT H. 'fv " may God comfort thee /" : fldt.C :

IhA^O**:

all

of them.

ngUr:
make Mee
night!"
" to thee."
2.

Jpi^J^C^: "may He
tlie

^th. Tn-A:: Tigi-.VlA: Heb.Si) At. jl. Engl, and German, a//. Gr. oXof.
*JA.A'j?:
hallelujah, Rev.xix.
1.

(i.e.
i.e.

uight well!"
;

God) "good
f/jee,"

U-A-l-:: Eth. and Tigr. ^A?i.f=:: <wo.

to prepositions
(it)

e.g.

tra^l'IliJ:

^"'"l^y: "he

has come upon

tH,: and U-AT: "IH,
LhA't?': Eth. and Tigr.
following, the double,

:

tuice.

:

00^:

Vi^j^Tj^: the second,the

Afformative of vei*bs in the same person.
;

fem.

pret e.g. •f^^avy^}; "thou lias<' sat down." (6) pres. apd fut. •i'T^J-AtJ : "thou
(q)

U-ATT &'!'"
:

U-AflH.: instead
li'A'i^r:
s.

of U-A't"

I.U,: twice.

.

the whole, totality.

lhA1-Y*rP:
Prt
Rad.
exist,"
xiii. 10.

remainesi."
eating,"
3.
i.e.

(c)

constr. 1; e.g.
IxulsI

flATil: "thy
tlie

"my
ay":

" thou

eaten."

whole constitution, or substance."
:

" the whole

man," Gen.

It is infixed in
e.g.
:

verbs assmiiiug
(«) for \}

4th

tJA*S: Eth.

essence, sid)stance, existence.

form, *J:

^(\'^H6^exchanged,
e.g.

" he will send thee."
:

Note
or

:

tl

is

when ^

UAO):
" to

Eth.

Amh.
;

Yxfi'- " to be,"

"to

be at hand "
Isa.
ii.

"

adesse."

&-:

follow;

fimifl- rtmUdV:
U-AJ^:
20.

"thou hast given me," "thou gavcsi him,'''' (b) for H: when long a follows; e.g. l^il\H^: "thou gayest her;" oaT,'-!- i|<j^: "thy com-

Heb.ljph

Ar. jii- mole.

Arab. plur.

oili^i

?iUA^::
at all times,

ll-AIH.: always,

Gen.

vi. 5

:

com-

— Ue.g.

ing,"
:

i.e.

"thou earnest."
1

Jfformatlve

pers. sing. pret. in verbs

posed of Ihifr: all, and "J^J-L: f'lnie. VP'iil^ - hemhem, s. a yellow pigeon.
»jiyDi|gii
:

Cnn^li':: "I have observed;" (TirS'l'-: "be has observed."

fi-om

s.

a vessel for

liquids, consisting in

the shell of a gourd-like fruit which has been

It changes the 3 pers. sing, masc., when added as a suffix to it, from Gp: to ^: e.g. inn ^11"^: "I w-atclied him" When the suffix has a long a, U': is changed into "X
e.g.

emptied of its contents. and a narrow neck, like a

It

has a wide body

bottle.

49" A.:

HA.MLE,

name

of the eleventh

month of
In Tigre,

"I

'X'T^ li-fU-: mn«>:S.^: observed her" " you," " thein ; " or into*^ e.g. Y^V^'l". "I saw her."
:

the Abyssinian year, lasting from the middle
of our Jidy to the middle of August.

*i9"A:

signifies also the

same

as •Jtro'}:

which sea

im-ij

HAHUHEE, the three

initial lettei*s of

the Abyssinian alphabet, used exactly as our ABC, signifying AJphahet.

jjags^: Ar. .U> bath. U^P^^• and ?iqn^: s.
|)Q)nfT{:
s.

the bile, gall.
xi. 30.

occurs Lev.

among
it,

the un-

IhA:

totality,

non

oce.,

except with suffixes,

clean

animals.

As

those

Abyssinians
I

of

Xhtc: lhA<P:
II- A*: a'^>

U-A^l:

U-A^-U-: U-A
rtfB-:
pcnj_^

whom
it to

I inquired, did

not

know

suspect

be taken from the Hebrew, an alteration

wery, each, any, the whole.

of JOI^n,

which probably

signifies

a sort of

U-A-: "all men," and "every man."

Usard.

mj^:
H'tc-

i|»/v: "«'e^''y one that learns." mC[: "in all countries," or "in tlie whole
the whole of her; " the whole earth."
all

country."

UyMfTjfTj: in the Slioa dialect for Brari)nrj: which signifies acid, sour, acidity, vinegar. UC- s. silL Ar.yJ^,
l|-£^
:

U-A*?:
<p
:

e.g.

9",^C= U'^
s.

a certain plant mentioned Hos.
a.

iv. 13.

U'fi^'i:

of us; U-A^-l>: all of you;
I

U^Ctl:

pi.

KV6.tl-- Ar.

J.ji

pi.

^^]^]

"
:

:

Hd.'i'XiL-" food for lying-in

U'ti:!t"J°-

(

3

)

iri'-.'ins:English ous, &c. whereas in Hebrew it forms adverbs with nearly the same signification.
;

women."

See

Isa.

iii.

20.

where the translator has used only Arabic words.
^d.'i'X^' ^ 9'^een, and sometimes confounded with rtonj^*^: "light blue," "azure." Ud,H s- wwf, made of straw) but more gene'•

So U•fS:^gn: properly

"full of gifts;"

OOA

Viyo:

"formosus,''
i.e
;

"ventrosus,"

"beauteous;" If^VI^' "who seems to be all belly,"
:

rally of reeds.

eating so

much onDf^Hyn "venomous," &c.
t^i"
is

UlT[Orq:

s.

hassXma, a certain carnivorous and

\T\: v.n.

Eth.

Tigr. Tfii." Ar. JS.
be.

To

short-legged animal, resembling a pig in the

become, to be made, to happen, to

Inf.

ou

formation of
skin.

its

head and the nature of

its

in:
there

which

often used substantively, the

It is said
it

to live chiefly on dead bodies,

being, existence, slate

which
:

digs out

from burial-grounds.

or thing, &c.
be,""

and condition of a person ^U-l: "may it be.'" "Let
3.

Urt"^ Tigr. insect in general. Eth. <hrt5l IT'^OF: Heb. ^]y''tp1n hosanna!
Wtl^'^ii.:
s.

hospital

Eur.

UhQ,:Deut.xiv.l8.iO(J.: tl«la.:: Ar.cJlliand i^^Ui
Hat.

U-tf: liCft-- ITi- "all John i. 3. ^tI«?D: i1 "after this event had hapC: Vllfl: n;J,A: pened (come to pass),"Gen. xlviii. 1. J\oq^: was made by Him,"

Gen.i.

Amh.

PA.-"!*

:

^^::
Ar.
jilsi.
:

^IFifAtl:
xviii. 21.

instead

of

" thou tdlt become son-in-lav/ to me,"

•1-U''?A?'Atl 1 Sam.
"6e(or

M^'fl

:

stands

Isa. Ixv. 23. for prof/eny.

tm-M^iKf^"^: IhT:
" it will

.UnH:

nom.

pr. hab.Xsiia, Abyssinia,

become, imperative) son-in-law to the king."

It is often

pronounced and written ?\ fl H

J^U"}:
23.

The common name by which the Abyssinians themselves, as well as their neighbours, call their country.
Tlie ancient

m^: "that f am
HC^:
my

to become,"' v. 22,

T\^U"i£v^<}^:
me."

not be proper

for

name,

?i.'l'P'R.y: Ethiopia, is only occasionally used among the learned. For the signification of both names,

with European

letters, see

and their orthography Ludolf s Comment

in-. -TtCtl: ITi: "be it gold," or " be it silver," i.e. " either gold or silver," v. 8. n.infj: if it happened, or should happen:

'JA^: <DC^:

JKIl-'i^: instead of ^U"let him be slave," Gen. xliv. 17.

Num.u.

29.

in Hist. Ethiop.

occurs, or
collection.
:

PU"!-?; ^\i£\: just as it is, tdU occur; in English, awhile, for
7.

U'Tiri

:

Ar.

,

iJ^

Hosea

iii.

1.

Xpovov Ttva, iCor.xvi.
rally,
be.

PITY. U-f:

lite-

Pa).&T:
grapes.
U'll't'
:

U-nh
gift,

L_^i ^^^

cluster

of

" bei7ig
v. 10.

vho he
:

is,"" i.e.

whoever he may

Eth.
:

present.

Tigr. U'fl 1^

::

from
it

CDU n
is

Ar.

(_-^

" to give."

In Amharic,

used chiefly in composing proper Christian

>»^.^: Wk : as it happened. and : "if it (he &c.) is,"" and merely " ?^." Tliis expression is often amplified by tlie addition of Plfi: (literally,
Gal.
'fy'iS.-

Wi

Xlgin

names of persons; as, UTIT : A^Al^: "Habta Selasse," U-nT: o^c^fJU^, &x;.
used sometimes, but very in religious conversation e. g. PYi"l rarely, H.?i-fl*I^C : """I- : ^(D': "it is a gift of
Besides
this, it is
;

which
(or

is);

thus: PlFi:
li-r:

^1^1/1:

if

it

(he

Sec.) is.

>k1S:

IJ-^: 'whether

it

had

God,"

happened. constr. 2. Lh^ A!i-: ^mLrvT?: U-^Alhr: P>»"IH?i -nrh-O: fSn^: '^d.R'«?a: HIJ^: h.X.W 'i£i^'P^:: "ichereas I am a sinner, T cannot
&c.;
e.(7.

has)

H'fVX'I^-

adj. liberal,

used with reference to
;

fulfil

the law of

God;"

(literally, /'that I

the soil of a country, &c.

fertile, productive.

The
ness,

termination
like

am

generally indicates /«^a,

should fulfil the law of God, will not be to me," i.e. " is not in my power.")

the Latin osm,

urn,

and the

Ul^:

and

m.^VL: nom. pr.

India.

Ar. ^ia

:

"

uYi.7r':

...tmn:

(

4

)

UHH:
20.
ij

.

.

.

ITJ^:

Heb.
SuKij,

>lin.

the

tn^Yl,: is also used for Kai-name of tlie Queen of the Etliio?),

pians (MERoii, or shendis

Acts

viii. 27.

tlHH: Lev. xxi. ^An'"r: sj]}s~
"scurfy."
tijp: twenty.

Ar.

ij]j=~ scurf.

VHH:

j^" infected

with scurf,"

UYl,7"
UYl.'t':

:

Ar.

f,jfJ-

physician, instead

of the

Heb.

r\ph'^ herpes, creeping scurvy.

Amh. HA: uo^JY/f"s.

Tig. and Eth. (ji^6.::

ladness, sluggishness, idleness, sloth-

fulness.

Eth. from

UYlP::

to be idle.

J^: twenty-one. second.

:

K'i

:

IhA'Tf:
first

the twenty-

lI'Yl^:
revolt.

s.

agitation, excitement, commotion, dis;

UT^:

(1) n. pr. of

the

Abyss, letter

:

noi'.

turbance

trop. tumult, sedition., insurrection,
to agitate,

(2) interj.

O

!

the

some
"

as the

Greek voca!

Der. from U(D'Vl : ^th.
adj. lazy,
idler, loiterer.

&x.
s.

tive case.

T.^':

If^i

O

Lord
s.

li^VfV'
UYlYl:

idle, sluggish,

slothful;

UJ£°^r'"r: and M^tr^iT't":
religious persuasion, religion,

faith,

a lounger,

fl

creed,

:

PKVfaith.''''

UVi^:
IflljZ.:

Vid. J^YlYl:: Eth. and Tigr.

id.

s.

the itch, itching.

"strong,"
fJ:

"established,"

"firm

in

P'hKA"^: and T^JEUA: LfjKOigr-^:
in faith, of
liltle faith.

weak
Ar. Ki-.
Eth. lazy, an
idler.


;

:

TvSlQi'- the
is

faith or creed cf the Fathers

which

the

Amh. UYLT?':

title

of an Abyss, book, standard of their

and ^Tri^::

divinity, consisting in

an extract from the
Tlieophilus of

'iCD'A^:

s.

(1) obelisk:

(The Abyssinians be-

writings of Clem. Alex.,
tioch,

An-

lieve that the three sons of

Noah divided

John
is

of Antioch, Dionys. of Antiocli,

themselves into the three ancient quarters of the world and that each of them erected an obelisk in his respective country; namely, Shem in Asia, Japhet in Europe, and Cham
;

CvtHIus of Alex., Cluysostora, and others.
TJie

word

taken from the Syriac.
xxi. 21.

V^V:
IT^:

adj. the twentieth.

Uy^rn't'fl: Rev.
(a gem).
belly,

vaKivBos,

hyacinth

in Africa

Axum.
which
as
(2)
it

that of the latter to be found at Concerning the obelisk at Axum,
;

is

described

best

by

Riippell,

the

gripes.

common

Satan made it, could not have been the work of man.)
people

P—

abdomen.
-.

P—

:

'i>^(^fri't':

colic,

a^fi'palif.

diarrhaa.

Eth.

say that

TriTlJ^: signifying viscus in general, applicable to the heart as well as to the stomach

In books, the intermediate space between two columns on a page, which runs down from the top to the bottom. river on the U*Pil: n- pr- haw ask, name of a
southern and the eastern frontiers of Shoa in derived probably from Ufflrt: or thCDtlEth.
to

and bowels.
tfJEJ"::

Tigr. Yl-flS

'

andTl-fl^:

'•'/•

Tlie 2 radic. in the

original Eth.,

move;

Vdp'fl^q. V.

thei-efore, the mover, runner. the uncontracted form of U-Yl"!-:
6.

which is a soft b, as the modern Greek /3, has been exchanged for w ; which, throwing oft' its character as a consonant altogether, became an 0, and as such was joined to the /(, into which the k has been changed by aspiration.
Cf. Jl*^

and ^5^ which both signify the

liver,

Prov. XV.

bundle of UHCTO'lf: Amos ix. 6. Ar. ii*^ a togewood; any collection of things bound up

as the largest of the viscera.

And

as

to
for

the

etymology
4° 4=

of

IT^:

cf.

avfQ;
\U^:

foinC"
others.
e.g.

f''*'™

the Eth.

and

ther into one mass.
:

Heb. iT^?^^-

It is used also tropically,

denoting
[or a

bridle the small chain or thong on the tlH'fl which they are of horses, mules, or asses, by
s.

the innermost part of
thing, something] is in

man

or

of .things;

YIQ: RITK: ?*A:

(lit.

word
i.e.

guided.

my

belly),

I

am

: :

:

ITR'P*-- ...
possessed with a secret.

A:

(

5

)

A:
imper, 2 pers. sing. fem. for 7"A.:: mood; e.g. 1 pers. sing, of the constructive

nT^J^C

=

^K"^Joi.

fill,"

" ivilhin the earth, in the interior of the earth."

(h) in

Matt.

xiii.

40.

Tlie

same with the Ar.

TtnB:
As
in

U^sjo:
fulness,

adj.
lit.

(If^:
a

belly,

and -5-90 : signifying
can eat a large

-flK: T^^All": 9«JPAU': for T'P'nA-.'nA.iTlnA.KAU-: •?"A.?iiAU-::
tlie

other Semitic languages.

full of belly, ventrosus), voracious,
glutton, one that

A:

is

gluttonous,
tjuantify.

used as a particle, and prefixed to nouns, pronouns, verbs, and adverbs. Its form, in such

tIKC*

"'"•^i^' *^^^

3d Abyssinian month, com-

mencing
yj^°| :

in the

lasting to the middle of
iiKDAG,

middle of our November, and December. in a book, the margin at the bot-

tom
(^.\.

of a page.
1 1.

determined by the initial of the word which it is prefixed. When prefixed to : if the nouns, pronouns, and adverbs, it is word begins with a consonant; but if it begins with an a, a, or e, the A:, assuming
cases, is

to

A

V^£V' Arab. (Jsr*' Jerem. xvii.
jmrtridge.

Amh.

that vowel, effects the elision of the letter
"J"^
wliich
it

was consonant to it e.g.ti tlQ^ : where
;

Heb. ^5^3.
?i.l£^:

remains as it is.

in£^: but more generally
J'ltJ'l-C:

Amh.

Eth.

pi.

it

instead of A"?» \ • has taken up the e without lieing affected

In

A1

"•

Amh. ?ilC^: but seldom
5.

used.

Deut. xix.

town, village, country, like the

Ar.

ijjj.

: it beby it. But when prefixed to Y\.f\ comes A: for A?*:; the A: is lengthened, the consonant i\: ejected, and we haveAI'l"::

^

tj'f.^: Ar. «-»=^ a violent uind, Jer.

xxiii. 9.

So, also,

A^'t': instead of
is

A?\1T:,

&e.

trft: Eur. hup.
\i&,t\- and ?vd.rt:
ther.
v. a. to scrape, to

When
rake togeless

prefixed to verbs, it

thought vowel-

in itself
"i^:

(A

)

;

so that,
it is

Tigr. lJ«I.rt.::
s.

with

1: and '^:
: ;

an

when meeting :; when

^—

U^^fl:

one that scrapes, rakes together.

U-«{.ri: Ar.

^'ii.

^I'KV^Ji::

bat.

A"
A:
LA,
is

meeting with 'f\- it throws the tx: av^ay, and becomes A when preceding JE it casts the Ji out, and becomes A. when : joining the ^: it becomes A.:, and the J?:

:

— —

:

;

,

remains.
(sc.

the second letter of the Abyss, alphabet.
called

It

lawi,

AIJ:

(LRA:)
/

the

I

Infinitives are treated by it in the same way as substantives. Before the first pronoun singular and plural, it is usually

letter,

or letter in use to express the
it is,

sound.

As

A—

:

sometimes

A—

::

Instances:

to its poicer,

of course, a liquid or

C"l: for

fluid letter, easily

pronounced, and liable to
it is

Ah^CT " A^'S'CT
and

AJ^
when

change.

In the

Amharic
as

A.KO:
As

often exchanged

A^P^O-

<^f.tr^CT

Ab«J^£^1::

to its SIGNIFICATION, it is a p-pposUion

for its cognate P:

(l)In verbal substantives

ending in a
of

i:

uj^;

" painter," instead

uf A.:

iFA.:; 9Ui^/Y_: "resemblance," "kind," sort;"
"follower," for

^^i " mighty," " able," instead of n^: for HA.: "sayer;" "TDi^.E: for
;

prefixed to nouns, and a conjunction before the verb. (1) As a preposition, it signifies the

same

as in the

Hebrew and Arabic
to,

;

namely,

an universal dative,
e.g-

unto, belonging to, for,
..

•t'*!>

njj: "receivir," for T«I"1A.:; TYl^'^:
(a) in 2 pers. fem. forms,

in favour of to the benefit of, instead of &c.

ACI>:
••

JlffiG^: "give
signifies both, "

it to

him."
to

A:
for

is to

tYlJ-A.: &c. (2) In verbs; where 3 radic. being assume tlie fem. /; e.g. "l"'i'n^Ari

A^
"it

aW

which

send

me," and

" send/or

•T'lTIA.^iAfi: "thou (fem.) receivest," " wilt receive." T^^: and Top.: "be filled.

me" (to somebody else). At: i(D^: belongs to me." Jl^.U-A^: "I have
to

written

him," or "for {instead

of,

in favour this

«/)him."

^Uil:

(D'rt^A'l': "take

:

"

:: :

AUJS;-:

•.

A.A:
"it

(

fi

)

/\.A:
•?":

AtTOAyn:
it is another."'

Jo

her."

?»AU'lA*59":
i.e.

would not be
in
it."

AA:
:

\(Sn: "it is not he,

for me,"

" I

did not succeed

>»"IH?'vn(h.C:

AAffl'T: HC:

?»KO

AH«^: ^niPA:

"it

is

sufficient

/or to-

A^
A"A:

"

God

has given

me

another seed," Gen.

day." A0)-"I'<,: ?»^in«?": "it will not do for always." tJf^^^l- "in order to do."
: as a conjimclion, is prefixed to (2) £i. verbs in the present tense, and signiBcs an

iv. 25.
pl-

Eth. and Tigr.

VjA>»::
'•

Eth. A°AA'"r:: servant-mnn, male servant. The female servant is called 'It^^K" '
A.""l*:

A

Eth. Tigr. and

intention, or object, or ohlujation ; that, in order

"to-night."

P

Amh.

s.

night.

Hd,,:

:

thai;
'I':

to,

in order

to,

&c.; e.g. 'i'iC^lV: A.BR.(D
to talk."

"bat."

Wn--A,-X'
7^'?.

P^: —

"night-bird," esp.

and

aW^^'P:—'.

ODfTj:: "he came in order

^oq

"midnight," " half the night."

C: >kCDSAU-: "Hike to learn." t^.C'Jin: Vld.'!*: A3'.g: "open thy eyes, that thou

Heb.

It is often

cf. JjJ and iiji used to express the

time of day-break and just before, but never
late in the evening.
to be green, verdant, fresh, to

may est
"hi.:

{in order to) see."
it."

"I will do

"M.: Aj^C'?®'Al?^"!'!: " ahall I come ?

A'^'i:

V. n.

grow
is

£t»^-

Y^I:

TiAl^?": ATrh^K,:
'o) write,
:

verdant, to flourish, trop. to prosper. Gen. xlix.

and you must and l\Ui^'i^Q: what for? wherefore ? why ? for what reason, object, or purpose ?
(are to) go."

f'T'lf'" "I "^'«^ (""J
ts.l^'i

15:

•F'^4,: PAOtl^-:

{'"1":

"the land
:

verdant, flourishing."

Zech.

vii. 7

Ay":

If:

A'F':!': '^ivf-.

"when

i^vP*^"^ Jerusa-

A11.K"-

s.

tenderness, softness, delicacy,

adj. ten-

lem was yet (i^errfa?!<) in a state of prosperity" /\^o- and with the fcm. termination At^^f:
s.

der, soft, delicate, effeminate.

Eth.

£^^^:i

coif.

Eth.

AUy::

Tigr.

Alf«l::

cf.

/\t|g_: Ar.

(

s'.s^

bed-cover, chiefly counterpane.

the Ar.

^

"flesh,"

and the Heb.

ovh "bread."

ffA:

s.

pearl.

Ar.

Jp
loose, lax.

A9":
v. a. to leave
off,

adj. tepid, ad}-

lukewarm: trop.

(/uie/,Zech.i. 11.

AA:

V. n. io

be slack;

Ay:
/V^:

to yield,

give way.
Isa. xxx.

Tigr.

relax.

28:

ADAH.", to neglect, 2\a^!^m At«l'5'4.
:
"-

xxix. 17.

eyes, dim-sighted. Gen. ^iWPizfcelAe.) and A'O^.'?: s. lemon. llYid..

having weak
(Eth.

" "Qtil thou ceasest : .£"41^ A: ^C^ gentle, the nations." to destroy good words 1 Kings xii. 7. »u7c7, sweet, ?iAA: act. and trs. to give way, relax, and to
:

^

"^flVl^AA

a large lemon, a

citron.
to

PA

AOOAOO:
a good

i.g.

A"^:

be or

become

green,

fresh, flourishing, verdant, prosperous, to be in
slate.

:

PA'^^A'^^

:

green, fresh, pro-

slacken, to untie, to loosen.
{\,l\,: V.

sperous.

neg. impers.

is

not; and with
:

sufT.

has

P—

PA^^'A''**:
rtCD': "a

H^:

a green

tree.

:

poiverful (stout, healthy,

not.

dm--

PAAn^

n.'!':

"a house

icith-

jjrospering)

man."

p

— IfiTi'^i.
dry,"

'

"fresh,
is

out people."

"a

son,"

2\"?»«7«C: PA-Ad)-: iKD-: man that has (to whom /Aere w) no rea"an unreasonable, thoughtless man."
xliv.

newly-baked bread,"
K€.^:'r%'i$:6.:.)

" not

(which

Tigr. A«?OAa»l::

Eth.

^gDAsro::
^iA'^^'A^'^:
"to bring on verdure," "to

Gen. "that
there

13,

16:

"hTiyX-

"AT^AA
^iQ-t-f
=

make
:

f/iere is

none like me."

''tt\T

green," " render prosperous."

Ps. xx. 3

^: PA^d)-: ?iil^C= "a
Yl

child to

whom

f^CmtJI:
P.^^I'OM:
" / have

JPA9aA70Ay: "may He
Ezek. xvii. 24

is
:

no father or mother," A. A: "besides:^ "^ig T: >»3':
i.e.
:

"an orphan:

cause thy oOTering to flourish," (by being

^m

accepted with pleasure).

(D-:

Via>C*f

Tfl^C: A=A:: "hegavehim
TtCfi"-

many
A. A:

silver." things fcesWes the gold and the

made

'7x'iim'V: ^.AWOA"?^l^: the dry wood verdant."
fresh,

adj. other, different; e.g.

?».P^A

A9^A7**

:

green,

verdant,

virescenf.

:

:

A9"A9":
£i!V*6i!'P*
'•

.

.

KflAfnJK:
i.q.

(

'

)

Af^R"- -A.*:

prosperous, flourhhing,
s-

PA""A«™"
and

verdure, freshness, greenness,

adj. green, fresh, &c. concr. greens, vegetables, ^•yn/^oij: s. greenness, verdure, sappiness, flou-

giOt)^: s. habit, use, custom, fashion, manner. ^oi;|»-T: "fO):: "to break, off a habit." il^: A^J^I: Tt^Jj^: "he has learned an evil habit." poooij^'}: A^iJ^: ?»fl

Deut. i. 25 rishing state, prosperity, success. " they took of its fruit, in order to show us

TiDOPAai.f<

"I'C has caused

him

to leave off his

^5U/\aq,Q)^'J

:

its

greenness, or soppiness."

Prov.xiv, 23: nfl«^: U-A-:

AT^An^:
made

.^1

Ao^J^: ^k•^ 5n^.: iOM": "do not follow the manners of the country, for they are evil."
of swearing."

^Xl:

YlTA':

jfA: "in every manner of
is

-work, prosperity

5^^K: h.'iO «fttrQ^: "according
fashion of the country."

to the

to be found."
s.

/^tnj-'f : LEM.lT,
reeds..

a sort of table

of twisted

A^^fD:

V. a.

(of knives, razors,

&c.)

to set,

In Slioa, a sort of large bread-baskets

sharpen, on
stone, the

leather.

For sharpening on a

twisted of grass.
fiOti\: V.
a. to beg,

term
to

T\ti,(SL' is used.

ask for,

to

pray, entreat, beaccus. of the en-

^i/\troni:

smack,

make a

clashing noise

seech, request, desire.

With

with the tongue in eating (thought indispensable in Abyssinia).

treated person and the desired object; e.g.

JZlUiT: oaR-rfj^:
this

book of you."
is

>kA9nWAlf-:: "lask The person for whom is

/VOEJR:

V. n. to be
s.

or

to

become leprous.
Ex.
iv. 6.

prayed,

constructed with

A—

A9" Jt:
Art:

leprosy

;

adj. leprous.

Lev.

:

e.g.

A9^

xiii. 14.

"JA"?: "ask" or "pray for me." 'I-/\iJO^: pass, and med. to be asked,

tiJfo^ffu
entreated,

:

adj. leprous ;

s.

a

leper.

v. a. to lick, lap.

Eth. Afhrt:: Tigr.

Ach

and

to

answer prayer, to grant the desired
causat.

ll:: Ar.
its

^^^
//le

inf.

ao/^fj: <Ae licking ; and

object.

organ,

tongue.

?»flA""l:

"to cause another to

AfSA"^:
stiiuces.

adj. soft,

of leather and similar sub-

pray or to beg," &c. /\tnj*5: (lamagn, French pronunciation of jm) s.
beggar, one

who

asks, frays, begs, &c.

AflJ": '^th: fresh unmelled butter : Hosea

x. 7.

^ODf

From
prayer,

the Eth.

:

s.

beggary, request,

entreaty,

Afll:

"to be tasteless,"

petition.

A7n^•.:

flA9"l" A7»1,^C"

^%^

«'^«^

A9"^
hide.

for ? for what reason or purpose ? : s. the hairy, untanned skin of animals ;

"insipid," "harmless," "not injurious." Artl: V. a. to besmear, bedaub. fl.'l'T: flf d. ArtiQ)': "he ivhitewashed his house."

"TAlIll: pass.

Act
Dan.

xxiii. 3.

TAlll:

id.

v. 5.
cf.

A "Til:
(Ar.
jJj

Eth. tongue, speech, language,
vi. 20.

I^J

AODj^:

Heb. ^^7)
to,

to

accustom,

and Jlcb language, Ex.

Act.

ii.

3.
;

It is

Jiabituafe oneself

to

become familiar with,

get used

to,

to learn, to study.

S^^:

A'*^,K'W^id.

" ^o.ve

^fl^'SCD'T: you accustomed
"

not frequently used in the Amharic as for tongue they use tro/^fj: and for language,
A«S»: Eth.
excel.

yourself to the Abyssinian language ?

TAODje:

AU^:
(tlie

v. a.
:

to be greater, larger, to

J^flA*'^]^: caus. and
with, familiar, used

Gen.

trs., to

accustom, habi-

xlix. 3

poi^

A^

:

" tvho has the

tuate another to something,
to.

make acquainted

>,r't:

tltiO^S/i-^:

"my mother

^UST: Y\ has acquainted

from this verb the adv. JEA'!*: more, greater, is derived. A.*?: Eth. chief ruler, but more especially
precedence)."
It is

ascendency

me with

this habit."

member of the Sujyreme Council in Abyssinia, supreme counsellor, minister (of state). PI.

:.

ATAI*:
Eth. A.S'T: and

.

Ail""!:
tk.^\'.

(

8

)

£t^aii:
s.

.

.

,

gi-fl:

A.ir'a^^-f ::
priests."
i.e.

'^M A3""t:
A'I'f':

that which

is

gathered or

collected,

f^:

"the chief

A.*?:

i^i^fl:

the collection.

"c/uV/" metropolitan"

" Patriai-ch."

poo'}

mourning,

lamentation,

weeping,

be-

If-"^: A.3'a>'T'"t': "the supreme counsellors of the kingdom."
A'PA'I':
V. a. to besmear, bedaub, to overlay, to
:

wailing.

J^A'I'rt: to mourn, to lament, bewail, bemoan, weep over: Gen. xxi. 16. xxiii. 2. &c.
JsflA'I'l'l: caus. to produce mourning, cause

icasft out, to rinse.

Gen. vi. 14 nHfJ.'!*: "besmear it with pitch." Ex. xxv. ^A'Pfl)*: 24: na)C^: -n^P: A'^Ag'1': "with gold only overlay it:" xxxvii. 2: OR-^,: QIC'S'

A

lamentations, excite to mourning, &c.
vii.

Luke

32: J^flA'TflTfA^'-lh: "we have excited (by way of playing) to weeping for you,
(i.e.

9": A'i*A'I*(D'" "he
gold."

overlaid

it

with pure

we

played in order that you should

^fl'^'l:

.A^A^:

"rinse the caul-

weep),

2\AA1"1^-1>"?"7"

:

and

(but)

dron."
'TA'J'A'I*: pass.to behesmeared, &c. Isa.ii.15: PTA'I'A'I': '^TC: "the bedaubed v;a\\:'

you did not weep." Eccles. iii. 4. ^•Iji^yti; glutton, and one that is fond of dainties

'TA^'A*!': med.

to

wash
to

oneself,

Lev. xv.

5.

sweetmeats.

(such as they are in Abyssinia), lover of One of the many titles by which

^vflA'I'A^:
A'1*^A4*":
unbent),
V. a.
to

caus.

cause another to be-

gluttons are distinguished in Abyssinia.

See

smear, bedaub, &c.

and

n. to yield (of

a

bow when
to

l*nA:: lTi;}n: tll-B "I-n:: f'AfS^PA:: llA:: I*ie.'"l<J." ><5.

ir^l^::

l*IAQ.::

give way, to stretch

itself,

be

ft:: ft"!"^;!::

unbent, to be loosed.

A •I"!':
bow),
to (jive

V. intrs.

and

trs. to

go away,
xi.

to
:

proceed,

?iA4*™A4*»:
way,
to

act. to unbend, (a
itself.

to dismiss, to

send away. Gen.

2

Yl"7nA*^

distend
s.

/^«|>^/^f{»-.^:

Tigr. a ceTtnin yramineous plant
collect,
:

^,^tfO: nti'p'ii: 'J^U.: "and when they emigrated from the east." ch. xxxii. 25 A*J>
:

/\«|»tra: V. a. to
*

gather, pick up, pick out

«|>^

:

"

let

me

go.""

Ex.

iii.

19

:

"

but

I

know
-"Vth.

and briny
feed.

together
xli.

of cattle, &c.

to graze, to

the king of Egypt,"

^k^j^^AS'^^U-:
cf.

Gen.

18

:

ntD-;}:

KC: ^A^o»':
(sc.

P

:

Hi.EI': "that he will not dismiss you, so

%nC= "they were

gathering

into their

as to allow
" to lick,"

you

to go."

pph

" to strike,"

stomach, i.e. grazing) by the water-side." This term is used also for the cleansing of grain, as corn, wheat, &c., and other fruit.
-j-^ j|»OTJ : pass,
up, picked out.
collected, to cause to YifXtk'V^^'- caus. to have gather, &c. Ex. xxii. 5: 'SVdlP'i'F*- HJ* fiai}^,: "if he causes his cattle to pasto

and Ar. and

d

"to strike."

't'A'l'^: pass,
Qy'l':

rcfl. 1

be collected, gathered, picked

^Al'^A-f:

Tim. v. tiQ.'V "for they abandon
:

U

themselves to sensuality."

Isa. Ixi.
(sc.

:

AlMU
:

^.^ijm: nu'OA'l'^: "and
to the prisoners
(their)
deliverance,''^

to preach)

or concerning

being delivered. Jer. xxxi. 22

AT
(or

ture,"

PA-AO^I: -nH-n: At'^fiA'P
"in order to
(so as to) graze (on)

^: Ai'm

PTA'l»'I*n: AM'"- "thouwanfon
:

dissolute) girl."

•7D:

another
/^ jai]|^:
'

man s

property."
collector.

J\A'l"J'

to

yawn.
=

s.

the gatherer,

Jercm. \i. 9

:

i-rj-

A"1K
iv. 5.

to joke.
to

AA'ffn:
Nehem.
the fruit of the

to jest, joke,

scorn,

mock
iii.

cd,

A3"^:
f\^atl:

"turn thy hand to the basket, as a

a)C^=

"(;,a//iererof

Afl: i.5-A9^:

tepid,

lukewarm. Rev.
Tigr.

16.

Warka," (which

is

similar to the sycamore)

A1

:

s.

quill of birds.

VlTt'^

::

A'll: s.il)heart,mind,sense,courage,ikc JPIJ^':

Amos

vii. 14.

A'n:
A^fl:

Anil:
YlAA'fl: PA.AtD':

(

9

)

AH-fl:
s.

.

AVI:

"unanimous"
£vi\-

"heartily,"

" earnestly r

"heartless"

AH'n
Ann.:

:

halter.

Ar. (._Jj " breast-leather for
s- intellect,

" undecided," "unfeeling," " coward," "dejected."

the horse or mule."

An ^1: "sincere," Ps.vii. 10.
:

and

^-Xl:
8.

AH T

:

conscience.

(It is

Y\t\^dJ}'',"to encourarje," Vs. xxxii.

A

to be observed, tliat abstract ideas like these

"*o speak to the heart," i.e. A-fl: "to encourage,'' 2 Cliron. xxx. 22. Afl-:

Tn^:

are very

much confounded with each

other

by the Abyssinians, nor do they attend to
philosophiciil distinctions.)

P1"KA:

"he that has a scarcity of
xi. 1 2.

heart

(who wants wisdom)," Prov.
(2) Tlie interior part,

An-^: and
An-f:
?.?.

AT""!':

s.

spark (of

fire).

Job

xli.

11. Isa. V. 24.

or centre of any thing,

as of plants, &c.
(3) It is

Ain.:: Ps.x. 17. A.nrfl:: Mount Ze6a77on. P

often confounded with stomach,

the various disorders and ailments of which

"Debra Libanos," name tree." g-H*:!^: a convent in Shoa, where Tecla Haimanot
:

:

H^:

"cedarof
is

are generally called PA'fl'- fh'"}?^: "disease of the heart." Afl: J? oof : "my heart

A

said

to

have

flourished.

P—

:

'fl^i^'t':

gives

me pain," an

expression denoting a dis-

ordered stomach, or general want of appetite,
eostiveness, heartburning, gastritis, cardialgia,

Anf

a species of electrum more precious than gold. Rev. i. 15. s. a reasonable, understanding person. Prov. X. 17.
•XaXKoKl^avov,
:

&c.

Whilst in

this sense I

heard a large
I

number

of patients using this expression,

AHT:
Ann):

'"•?•

Ann."

Prov.

vii. 4.

V. a. to overlay, to deck, to line, to varnish,

recollect only

one

case,

when a complainant,
used
it

to gild.

Ex. XXV. 11:
"overlay
it

who was a married man,
that he

to intimate

OS" 4.: WC.^- A-fl
Isa.

was

love-sick

on account of the miscf.

mfly*:
Irjid

with pure gold."

xxxviii. 21, it is

conduct of his wife.

the Eth. A'fl

:

the

used of the fig which was upon Hezekiah's boil, as a plaster.
xiii.

Heb.

17 and 117, and
of
All/',

the Ar.

C_J.
Greek
\i/3a,

Ezekiel

12:

P:!-

A C^^O^ PA n "1^
:

:

A.n

:

Eth. according to Ludolf, the
ventus
Africus,

y,i^.

" ^vhere is

the loam, wherewith you

ace.

the

south-v:est

have daubed it?"

wind.

TAn m
thief.
:

:

pass, to be daubed, overlaid, plastered,

All

:

s.

Exod. xxii.
s.

2.

lined.

Ex, xxvi. 32.
caus.
to

AH ?» AH An Aft:
:
'^'-

n-omens drauers.
Lev.
ii.

?iriAnfn:
14.

order,

to

cause

(any

3..

to singe, to scorch.

thing)

to

be

overlaid,

lined,

plastered,

A*!?":
spect.

adj. courageous, brave, prudent,

circum-

daubed.

A-UTi^:
:

s.

AH 90
Anrt:

s-

chamher-pot.

A more decent expreson
clothes.

the lining, gilding, varnish, plaster,

daubing.
A.'t":

Lev. xvi. 15.

sion than

n<i,^:: Vid. Ludolf.

v-a. to dress, clothe, to put

s. i.f/. A.A.'I":: night, p : f>^^: "the bird of the night; " i.e. bat, Deut. xiv. 17.

S-i.1: A-flh,: >idi.KAU-: "I put on the K'ware, and go."

A.'TI'T:

?iAn

iTl :

trs. to dress, clothe

another person.

f Anri:
A'flti-s.

adj. light-broun, comp. of f\/p: and •fl: signifying a mixture of light and darkness, which is conceived to give that colour.

pass,

and

refl.

to be clothed,

and

to

clothe oneself.
cloth, dress. Gen.iii. 21.

A'tT: Latin. Tlie Latin language. ATi<t: s. « small tent. For the Greek, \apnrjvri,
1

Tigr. JlJ^T::
v. 22.

Anil:

s.

clother, dresser.

Matt.

ttl^^:

AHH:

"one that dresses in rags," Jerem.li.3.

A^

which signifies the royal Sam. XXV. 7. Ixx. 5. Vid. Lud.
:

bedstead,

s.

the proper measure.

aVI

:

\St^ : " it has

c

:

Ain:
Us measure.'"
" according to

...

ACD'A-n:

(

10

)

ACDil: ...•TATfflni;
"a
"

flH.^' AYI". "just so much,"
//lis
?7j

c_>JIJ

shell,"

"a

windlass,"

"a threshing

easure."

oiJ'f|/\'fj:

fj^

instrument."

^1:

ifly-:
s.

"he

eats moderately.'"

AY*

'•

the thomj with
led, leash.

which ridimj animals are

tied

and
v. a.

ACDrt: "TACDrt
Judges

:

to

jrroceed,

tjo

further, go

away.

vi. 18.
:

Isa. liv. 10.

AYI:

to send.

Etli.

A?iYl: from

-which

"DA?iVl:

" angel,"

and

aoA>iil^: "mesA?iYL::
Ar.

TAfflrt

id.

A(D h

:

v. a. /o

Matth. xiii. 53. knead (the dough)
rouse from sleep

to stir.
:

Meton.
xviii. C.

sage," are derived.

Tigr.

to disturb, to

Gen.

»i)Jl. Gen. viii. 1, 24, 40. Constructed with (DS,' ^"'l A: "whereto," with the ace. " for wlioni," " in fa" whom," and with :

A

«5.Tiri : AtD' fl : " quickly k-nead." "TAfflrt: pass. Ezek. xvi. 6: nK7"h7": AOMlh: ?iPU-h : "and in thy blood,

T

vour of whom;"

e.(j.

A^A.'}:
1

>»A^A*IAU-:
you
:

kneaded

(as it were),

saw

I thee."

(DS" TrTM*::
to the king."

" I idll send a servant /or

AT^l'T:

Leviathan.

Job

xl. 25.

The Abys-

A>iA"<;.?S.A f: AJ^l^K: AYI: "he sent to Israel and
has also the idea of a friendly correspondence between friends, in.Tudah."
'

2 Chr. xxx.

sinians have very curious ideas concerning
this animal,

which they think to be a huge
its

"With

A

:

it

serpent carrying the earth on

back.

A*P*Ii:

s.

the Levite.

pi.

Eth.

ATOh^l "
"the book of
Ar.
;y

quiring after each other's

liealth,

&c.

;

e.y.

A

Lrvilcs.

h6^-s.

HATOy-yT:

VBA^:

"send

to

nie^

i-e.

send a person from

Leviticus."

time to time, in order to see how I am a civility which forms a necessary constituent of friendship in Abyssinia.

ACD'Tl:

almond.

Gen. xxx. 37

Heb. t^h.

fAYI

:

pass, to be sent.

Eth. to minister, to

serie. Mattli.iv. 11.

TAVL:
I
(jo
it)

AIJ^'E: /•?• AT*?:: AG)fn V. a. to change, to alter,
:

to

exchange, sub-

TitibKAlJ-:
on an errand.

stitute,

to

barter,

to

trade,

to

merchandise,

"beimj

sent, I go," i.e.

to traffic.

TAYIO'^:
?iflAln
:

"he (or

loas sent to him."

'1'A0)1TI

:

pass,

and
to

refl. to

be changed, altered,
alter oneself.

caus. to cause (another) to send.

bought or
-flC.:

sold,

change or

f\^

:

V. a. to

measure, to

fit,

make ft

(so as to

have the proper size, and to suit). 15, 16, 17. 2 Sam. x. 3. Cant. viii.
a plan,
to sketch.

Rev.
9.

xxi.

A^Ji^: ^Affl^lA:
is

ma^:
money
in
i.e.

"how

the

dollar (silver, or

to

draw

Ezek.

iv. 1.

general) exchanged on the market?" " " what is the currency of the dollar ?

All:

id.

Rev.

xi. 2.

"TATfflfn-

i"l-

^^^

reiterat.

AVlflVlfl:

adj.

light-minded, unsteady, dissi-

be used for exchange

in trade

and recipr. to and barter.

pated, dissolute, averse to labour.

Ps. Ixxvii. 10:
"j;:

J^AYiriYlrt"

V. D. to be compl'icate, confused,

^«: \(D^: PAO-A: P^ croATQ)T" "these are the various
hand of the Most
1

dissipated, averse to labour.

alternations of the right

AinflllflJ""
to labour.

s.

confusion, dissipation, aversion

/^YlYl

:

V. a. to measure, to

mete

out.

of metals or of A-Tl : Ar. ^^ any thing flat, 19. wood table, board, plate. 2 Kings iii.
:

Peter iv. 10: "as good stewards High." the grace of God, A9"-t-AT<D for (A) fnCD^: which is changeable or alternating,'''' 2 Chron. xxi. (the sense is ambiguous).

A.*^:

n. pr. Levi.
''"?/•

A.T:i-5'-/^n:
ACD'A'fl:
Isa.

q>V9»: y^O't"- nC"''- nTATCD T^H,: "when the days mutually Q^ changed," "when day by day changed
19:
;

xxviii. 27.

Arab.

t_jy and

(passed by);"

i.e.

"in the process of time."

;

: :

,

AO^T:
Afl>'T:
s.

.

..

TA^P:
And
q. v.

(

11

)

A£:
"if
inf.

.

A£":
among
ourselves."
sectari-

change, suhstitulion, alteration, comrestitution,
i.q.

we are

at variance

pensation,
thing. Sec;

the exchanged Ex. xxix. 11
is
:

O^A^PT:
is

discord,

schism,

AT^U.:

anism, variety.

P:i(n,7\^: AtD'T:
30:
11

iay-i":: "for it

a

A^:

prip. and adv.

constructed with
adv. above
;

fl

:

Yl

restitution for sin (sin-offering)."

Luc.

x\-iii.

and

(DS" nA.^:
"on the

.el'tlAA: "Kl.^:

AOXn-l:

"but

above;
JE:

(D^: AJE: upwards.
earth,"

VlA^: from ViU^KC' ^
Ylrtinj

he will receive
:

its compensation.''''

Jer. xxii.

"upon earth."

nTt5:A(l>'?': "in s!(to7u/;on— instead
s.

Ji:

nA£: "aWe heaven."
"in heaven above."

of his father."

^:
Mark

1111"^^: RA YlCfl': flAJZ

/Vq>C}>:
xi. 15.

the money-changer, banker.

5(D': "he is above him," "over him."' Eth. Itsigniand AOA:: Tigr.

AOA"
ii.

AOA."

ATcp.:

s.

the thing exchanged, substituted, the

fies also

a contrary direction, against, in oppo2:

substitute, change.

Lev. xxvii.
In

10.

sition to; e.g. Ps.

to^Yl^,-

il'7\HH.Y\

AthA:
the

adj.

and verb, (from
Gen.

ADA:
xh^. 18.

Eth. to be
for

high) high, exalted.

Amh. used only

Most High, God.
Eth. highness,

Aja: nc»""l.ii>9«: "they counselled together against God and his iNIessiah." AP; adj. verb, from AP: different, distinct,
-ndkC.-varying, other, separate.

AOAf:
:

loftiness,

exaltation, su-

premacy.

Isa. xxxiii. 3.

sundry, divers.
sent,

AR: AP: various, ^U: AR: l(l>: yj": A
differ

AChJl Eth. AQ-'hl::
Ajyostles.'"

one that

is

messenger,

pi.

P

:

i(D^ :
i.e.

" this is different,

"J-fl^:

AO'^1:
Eth.

"Acts of the
:

rent;'"

"both

very

and that is diffemuch from each

Rad.
V. a.

AOYl:

AVl Amh.
soft.

AHfl:

V. n. to be

smooth, sleek, polished,

?\AHR:

to smooth, to polisli, to sleek,

Gen. xxx. 39: oo^Vi^foy.: ^p; PLFl: "wliose form was various,''^ i.e. "who were of various forms." 1 Cor. xii. 4
other."

AP:

:

to soften, to chisel.

Ex. xxxiv.

1

;

J^Afl fl
Job

II : R'^^'fl: "polishing chisel," (imp.)
xxiii.

flT(D:r9": AP: AP: IGP: oo'j^fl: ?ii "?£: fXlTI: "and the gifts are inrious,
whilst the spirit is one."

>i"JH.?i'nfii.C: "H-flTAr: "for God hath softened heart"

16:

Aai:

?iA

my

AP^'t":
xii.

s.

difference, variety, diversity.

1

Cor.

5:

Ao^lAlA^: AP^T:

J^AO)':
i.e.

ATI"!!:
soft,

s.

and

adj. softness, smoothness, polish

" and the ministry has its variety,"
is

smooth, polished.
vi. 21.

Hfl: Lev.

" tliere

:

i\^d.'}:
i..q.

i-<l-

'f\t\.

a variety (of services) in the ministry."
adj. upper, superior,
xl. 17.
i.q.

:

\(Sf:

AHfl::
to

AP:

V. a.

i.q.

Eth.

AAP::

Tigr. <5.A::

A.P4': Gen.

uppermost, supreme.

distinguish, to disjoin, disunite, disconnect, se-

A^P:
&c.

AP::

to separate,

put asunder, divide,

parate, to
rence,

make

distinction, observe
::

a diffe-

inf.

€jD/\ p-'j-

^1

:

"hlVLK-Hci^O KA-?" ng: A^JP^'a>: " God has divided my

iChr.xiv.ll:

"TA P:
differ.

pass, to be separated, distinguished, to

enemies by

my hand."

Gen.
:

A^Th
TAP:
TAJPP:
|^: brother."

Yl'A'Jfl'l: U-A*: "T "differing from all animals."
iii.

14

:

AK'^:

s.

Eth. birth, imtivity.

n^A:

A^''!':

eh. xiii. 11

(DIJ^'?"'?": YlCm^oo.: "the brother separated from his
:

and merely AS-t-: "Christmas." PAgT: 2\«roT: "the year of the birth" {i.e. of
Christ), rad.

inf.

odAPT:

difference,

dis-

Aj^:

s.

child, either

tinction, division.

male; for

ffiA^: male or female, but sometimes the female is
'itoo,

chiefly

distin-

recipr. to differ, be discordant, to
:

guished by the termination

A^f:

or

vary one from another. Gen. xxxi. 49

"fiC,

A^"!:::

ncTi^T: PTAyPl: "KlSiri:

applied to animals, and even to plants, as well as to men signifying in the
It is
;

:

Air:. .AU."^:
former
sprout,
case, the
shoot,

(

12

)

£i'X7^:.. Aflim:
hostler,

&c.

young animal; in the latter, They even go farther,
its

mules, asses, &c., a

groom.
Ps.

A^,'^:

Kv. A:^

bridle, rein, helm, rudder.

calling copy the son or daughter of
e.g.

pattern;

xxxviii. 9.

thing."

PKA/t"- £i^. "the copy of any written As to men, it is appplied to them
long,

A^iy'^mA:
doubled.

s.

large

robe

($'^^) four times

veiy

often

until

they reach
of a

their

/y'jOD^:

adj.

&

s.,

one that works

in

appearance

middle age.

They will say

man of forty,
"•

A^: i&-

only, but is stopped in his
little

work by every
boils).

"he is a chihl" (young man); and of a woman of the same age, AJ^: T't* "she is a child" (a young woman). Prtfl)': A^: "soH of man," "the son of man;"' and

obstacle; unfit person, good for noihiiUj.
adj. incurable (of

gi^iau"^:

wounds and

Jer. XV. 18.

ATrt:
22
:

v.n. to be liberal, bountiful, generous, boun-

HCJP: (slave), free-born, free. The same mode of speaking occurs also
with the Abyssinians as with the Jews, of
calling a person of such and sucli

in opposition to

teous, munificent,

and to act
liberal,

so.

Deut. xxxiii.

ATf": ^tl.'lA: "he
s.

flows in liberality."
bountiful, generous,

A^fl:

and

adj.

an age

the

bounteoiui.

son of so

many

years;
is

e.g. Pfl'lj: ti.^J^''l':

A^:
i.e.

iQh: "he

the son of sixty years,"

"is sixty years old:" although they prerad.

fer

Oj^"^a>: fl«^: KOU'T: iOh:: CDAK" Eth. (DA^:: Tigr. (DS,jlj

A:)i1: id. AlJ?: non TAT.'^:

.

occ.
to be

mocked, laughed

at,

ridiculed:
9.

also act.

Ex, xxxii. 25.

Ps. Ixix.

Ar.
vio^.

TATK:
scorn.

to play, joke,

laugh, ridicule, mock,

Heb. ih'^

Russian

icitsh.

Gr.

Ps. Ixxix. 12.
^'''^-

Lat fdius. Ital. figVw. Fr. fils. Engl. lad. Even in child., and the Germ, kind, a similarity to that Semitic root

^kA^K
TK::
A"IJSi*:
s.

^^

lough

at, ridicule, to

mock

at,

to scorn,

play with.

cf. "l'I>:

T'^A'l':

TA

may

be acknow-

mocking, scorn, joke, ridicule, laughing.

ledged.

tk^\^:
sonship.
f\;

s.

childhood,

young

^•^"J:

s.

Rom.

viii.

age, state of a child, 15: PA^lfc'^: »D'5<5,

Aim:
ATft": Heb.
iv. 4.

foam, froth, scum. 1 Sam. xxi. 13. and AlH: and derivv.; i.cj. Alg::
fiiid

A'lT:
36
:

s.

scorn, mocking, ridicule.

"the

spirit of sonsA?/? (adoption)."
liberty, opp.

Prt

xi.

" others

were delivered over

(p^:

^^Y'X'^ freedom,
iii.

to

'IC

^'^':"slaveiy." Is oftener used than

AATR*:"

to public scorn or play.

Nehem.

T\Ci^-'

/\^aD:Nahum
wounds and

19.

to

be incurable, used of

Am:
ti/PEx.

v.a. to peel

off.

Gen. xxx. 37

:

V^"?":
it

boils.

/Yiono : v. to be an eye-servant ; to pretend to do something, but to use even the most trifling pretext as an excuse for not doing it.

'fiJ^C^'

Ama>:

"and he peeled

white."
3.

TAm
s.

:

pass. Lev. xiii. 39.

Deut. xxv.

dough, mass,
24.

more

frequently flU'::

xii.
s.

A"19°:
^•],OD:

Ihtk-. to

say

A"19":

i-q-

Al""::
ass; to

v.a. to saddle
pistol,
pass.'

a horse, mule, or
xxx. 28

AT:
"

the peeling, bark, skin, &c.
4.

the bark of trees," Job xxx.
:

P—

PHQ,:
:


-fr

load a gun,

or cannon.
Isa.
:

TAt"*™:

"and

in the

nT*

" prepared tobacco in the

form of small
Ar. per

cakes."

/^•l

mouth of the nations," PfjrliT'1": A3. 9^: PTAT-"": jiUTA: "the bridle of error will be put." iQ^Ol-: TAT-"™': " the gun is loaden or charged.'" on s. a man who harnesses, saddles horses,
:

ATC^

®-

^^^ I'PC" pound-iveight.
so
^

metathesiri, (Jb..

Greek Khpa. The Abyss.
ffl'S""!':
'•''•

pound has twelve

ounces.
(a bow), to cock

Amm: v.a.

to polish, to

bend

;

:

:

TAfnm:

ih«roA"^A:
Rev.
2

(

13

)

fhODon:
Eth.
s.

..

.d^Qi'V-

(a gun); to strain (the strings); &c.

iv. 3:

^onoo:
iTh^^T"
:

Vid. ?'i00cnj::

PTA HI m
ix.

'I'fl '1"

:

" <i Ijent bow."

Kings

disease, illness, sickness, pain, ache,

24: q»flt=1:
pass.

Amm:

"he
inf.

6enf his bow."

TAmm:
ACQ.:
shaving
;

: "pain in the head" or ailmrnt. Pi.fl: " disease of the head." pi. Eth. A^tHjcrq^

v.a. to raze, to shave,

OD/\cp.: the
to

pains, applied (1) to the sufferings of Christ:
(2) to

and per meton.

the razor.

passions of the

human

soul.

In the

TACO.:

pass, to be shaved;

and med.

shave

latter sense,

Rom.

vii. 5.

oneself.

rh7"f|: pudendum muUebre. Tigr. ctot^::
Tigr.

/\il^:a. barber.
/^<5_: v.n. (of

AR-P.::
suck
in.

'rf^oo-fi

:

the fifth

(sc.
;

day),

Thursday.

Ar.

paper)

to blot, to

rh::

ih: HA, the third letter of the
bet,
is

called

Abyssinian alphahaut ^the female ii letter,

^j^U>- Heb. tijort rh'^'T: Eth. from rh**"?" calumny, slander. ^qo^-: and ?iqo-"r: bile, gall. ^o^-^-^: s. & adj. slanderer, calumniator.
.•0

rh9"^:

s.

Ar.

^j^Uos,

a small girdle where-

The present Abyssidistinguish it from U: and '^: by callnians ing it (h9"4.fh: the nX in 9«^rh:: The Amharic people pronounce all these alike
'hfl)"^: for /hlil'::).

with the drawers are fastened to the body.
Ex. xxviii. 39.

The word

is

not Amharic.

ih^M.'^: fh^t't-: or
sure, bliss.

O^H.^:

delight, joy, plea-

but in the Tigre lauguge rfi: is pronounced like the Arabic _, with a pressure in the
lower part of the throat.
of these letters
is

d,1: Eth.

as

diut-t-:

Generally constructed with 2\g tvK'C.'h- rejoice. Rad.
exsultavit.

(hUJP: "TthJU^P:
to

The orthography not yet settled. Any word
here, will be found

thQ: and UQ: silk. (h&.: and 'fxi^' v. a.
ih6^'-

go

to stool.

Ar.

A^.
Heb.

with a n

letter,

wanted

U: Tr'Ti: or K:: ^/\ini: and 2\A^n*" v.n. to dream:
either under

and y^i.:

s.

dung,

stool.

Ar. "

Eth.

id.

ifj^OTJ: and

more generally
2 Tim.

J\<^tro; [I) to pro'

Ar.

Jls.

Heb. Dpn. The more usual form
(j.v.

is

hibit,

keep sacred, and for
iv. 1. i.q.

hA"":
chA9"
i.e.
:

hibited.

common use pro-, Qiinn and ^ .=..
sacred,

s.

dream.

Ar. Xs-

Heb. 0711,

Gen.

Vid. tv^jau::

(2) to weed.

XX. 3:

thA*?^T:
s.

KP:

"he saw a dream"
Gen.

(hC,U°:
cursed.

s.

(1)

the

thing prohibited,

he dreamt.
thoiKjht,
:

Num.

xxi. 2:

?il^.^Q>''5: chf^9i»:

fhfk^i*:

mind, meditation, &c.
I thought

">»^KC3A^: "we
(2) weeds, tares.

will

xxiv.

45

"when

A.r&:
reflect,

"in

my

mind:'

(upon) this," flfh Rad. rl^AP: Eth. to
in mind, consider,

voted (to destruction)."

make their land deAr. Jy^ Heb. DIH.
vow.

think, meditate, have

and bear
xi. 16.

^Cyo^;
vi. 9.

2)rohibition,

devotion,

Num.
kv.ji-.
liberty,

&c.
Ar.
As>.

diT*:

s.

Lev.

A certain

bird.

th^Q:

adj.

&

s.

Eth. hot, and heat,
s.

<h"yA.:

n. pr. HA*aE,

name

of the

month -which

diO^:

Eth.

YxCyV- Amh.

freedom,

corresponds to our July, beginning at the middle of our July, and lasting to the midst
of August.

independence, and, sensu malo, dereliction, state

of solitariness.

with ?i(Dni::
j.g.

»h9"A.:
i.

Tigr.;
s.

Iobt: Amh.
Gen.

Constructed withffl"!: and
:

CD"!: "he became /ree,"
:

Johnviii. 33.

Ps. Ixxxviii. 4

fho«A"«JA:
29.

fhO'"!"sc.

P€D
from
to

greens, vegetables, plants.

^U*: Yi- "I have become
men, &c.;
i.e.

deserted.

free,"
:

?i(D"il:

:

the.1.

.

d\H\:

(

14

)

AiWi:

rhK.fl:

make free,
did.1:
10.
illrt't":
s.

set at liherly, liberate, deliver.

Vid.

spare, to save,to withhold.

vid.?\Hi" Ar.^^^.
ajjliction,

shoot of a vine.

Vid. ?»«i"i:: Gen.
untruth,
:

rhHT: and
xl.

xlix. 11.
s. lie,

grief sorrow, I'lH'J: sadness, regret, repentance, mourning, pity. Ar.
fj.v. s.

falsehood,

deceit.

Ex.

viii.

29:

n — m^:
"it

deception,
to
lie,

Gen.

xlii. 38.

tnPCDlife,

V. n. Eth. to live. »• "• i:jiu. (o iive.

yir. Ar.

r^"^^-

Pleb. nipT.

io deceive;

ihflf: ITJ:

was found an
Rad. thflQ):

?»ihPQ):
ihJPO)': adj.

v.a. to vivify, quicken, animate, give

untruth."

Alias, T^tl't-: q.v.

cure.

Not used
living,
fern.

in Amliaric.

Eth.
(h«1*]^: adj. Etli. false, lying, deceitful, untrue. plur. dirtuh-t"::

h\SGi^'^-

pl-

rh^
and

«P1::
good.
rli,pa)'"r:

Heb. ^H

Ar. l/^.

In Eth.

thTO"

Tigr. it signifies also healthy, vigorous, very

:

V. a.

to seal, to

stamp

ivith

a

seal or

type, to print, imprint, impress.

Vid. J^ftTO:
the sealing,

and -^TtTO::

s. life.

Gen.

i.

30.

.Heb. n^Il
life.

Ar.

.inf.

aniH^-x-ijOi

printing, &c., the seal, print, press, the type.

»Ui.

PHAA7":
.

A^Jiffl'T: eternal

A%'X°^' rhi^9" :
A%\ii\t\:

'iiid

'J:^mi:

s.

sealer, printer.

adj.

&

verb, sealed, stamped, pressed,

di.K: v.a. Eth. YlPK" Tigr. Yl.!?„:: logo. Gen. ii. 1 4 di, K = V» on/ft ""l A U- : " I will go,

printed.
V. n. to sneeze.
s.

and come back." d»,J^l>: "I
Vid. KViUfl::
stead of " / will go,"

am

gone

" (in-

hiccough. In Shoa, flt;,^:: chTC.P: s. Eth. pl.fhTCy't":: apostle. t\&.: "Acts of the Apostles."' Eth. 'q-nQ:

fh"^^:

sob,

sobbing, hickup,

>i(h.KAlh:). an expression always used by visitors on the point
to leave, declaring their intention to go, if

P—

you allow

it.

A

civility.

VnlnnC^fn

OiVCy^::
Heb. lyin.

Rad.

ch^O

"to go about."
At.

chCDrt: Eth. to move,

to be sensible.

U^

fh.KtI: (D^: tVli^'i: I'.^C'S Atl : " ill how many days' journey do you arrive from Ankober to London?" JPil:
•I'l:

^:

member
?id«,.^:

OJi-Yl^: dn,^: ^lAffi'^'T": "I do not re of ever having gone by that road."
(1)

AiTfl: s. pi. fhT'^t": Eth. organs of sense, by which we receive impressions upon our minds.
Ar. Auu^,
pi. ir-'}=^.

cans,
go.

to

cause

to

go,

to lead,

to guide,

make

Lev. xxvi. 13:

ITf'f:
straight

Also a more decent

oo^^^: J\fh.^i¥U':
way
have I led you."
(2) to thresh, i.e. to

"on a

name than "flA^:
ix. 22.

for sexual organs.

Gen.

make

the corn

go out
go, to

thTh:n.pr.
ch4'fl:
s.

iiXwash.

Vid.

UTh"
bridle,

from the

ears.

1

Cor.

ix. 9.

Isa. xxviii. 23.

the thong

on the

by which

?ifldi.K
lead, to

:

caus. to cause to go, to
e.g.

make

horses, mules, &c. are guided. Vid. pfl't""

take;

^tl: ooilj^: (DR:

i\

rh'H'fl:

s.,

pi.

^^rhH'fl: Eth. people, nation.

n"!: JPfldi.^*IA: "this road
thee to Abyssinia."
jlfi_g"qa:s.

will take

Gen.

X. 5.

Ar. i—^^ agmen.
heathen.

rhT-fnS^:

adj. vulgar person, plebeian,

a house

built of stone

and

clay,
is

with

?i(D*: «rojj^: pa^iyap'^: fiq)"^: "hriRin-. aiTna).P19»: they knew that they were people not knowing the
Act. iv. 13:

a fat roof. The mere flat roof also times so called.

some-

AS*'.:

Vid. J\K<i:"
i-q-

Scriptures (or books,
thfe

i.e.

uneducated) and of

d\gjl:

lower class of society."

rfiHl: generally

hHi-

v.n. to regret, mourn,
to

"i^^tl: q.v. new. •ntf^'S': rin^ Old and the New," sc. Testament; fl: "the another name for rtrnjl^: /hg.: "the
;

be grieved, sorry, sad, dejected,

repent; to

eighty-one" (books of the SS.)

or tnj^,h

:

All:

an::

(

15
pi,

)

«?«::
infinitives;

oijyoo'AW:
as

G.' ^SSi-' "^^^^ ^^h' book," i.e. Bible. fhj^ •^'"l": "the Epistles of the Apostles."

in

(D'^iOO

^or

an^nC.:

A«l:s. Eth. pl.Ai3:J'r <Ae Law. Gen. xxvi. 5.

Ar.

J^

Heb.

pn

Ex.

xii. 43.

^

:

(lh"l

"

the orrfer of (for)
is it

P4.rt. the Passover."

cro^cw.:, or rather oo^cq.:: on : is, as in the Arabic, used as a prrformative to verbs, to form the infinitive, and

(DQ.U^'

for

then remains,
tives

when

the i.ifinitive receives

In a peculiar sense, fh"I :
marriage, to distinguish
as well as
(li"!:

used for o regular from concubinage

the termination
of

y

:

in order to form substan-

from

celibacy.

In this sense,

1A
'

and others;

matter, instrumentality, locality, e.g. atsi^f^: writing, book ; oufj

means "a married man or womani'^ a
of dignity for a king
:
;

^^"
rial,

writing instrument

or writing mutei.e.

rare pha;nomenon in Abyssinia.

or even a place for writing,
or secretary's
office;

writing-

(h9

:

title

jesty.

i.

q.

His Ma-

school,

from

8^:

to

TLP-CIf!:
tlie

P'i^a:

P-hh: "KingJoas." A^f: "Tecla
king."

Til A:
Georgis,

write.

fj^i

is

an inseparable

conjunction,

and;

This title seems Gondar kings only; at least, I never heard the king of Shoa being called rfi^:; but his full title is >i^f|: "i AiA: A^AfL: PHT: 'Jl-M*: "Eras Sahof the
to be given to the

son

applied to any part of speech, at the end of When many substantives are the word.

connected together,

it interchanges with f: which is used for joining single words, whereas fp^i joins also whole sentences to-

hela Selasse, the king of Shoa."

gether;

rhOf!:
21.

to

wash. Alias

KKD

:

q-v.

Num.

viii.

n^"?":

e.g. -JT^^Aif": ^AA*?*^: {D:^KC a«m-: YlflA-f: 'fimm-'P^: O^

th^'i- s. an infant, a sucking child, meton. a pi. fhgf't*: Gen. xxxi. 28. young person, Rad. rfiO^: Eth. to nourish, educate, train,
especially to suckle.

A: tfi-K,- "the king and his great ofllcei-s, and his soldiers, came and after they had eaten and drunk, they went away." With verbs in the present tense with ?» A: it seems
;

to

be infixed;

e.g.

A^^^-: '^(Dfl^'^A'l^

rTi^lTc"!":
infancy,

s.

state

or age of a sucking child,
birth
: Yl j^'P'C: fiom or infancy, from the

childhood.

"beg, and ye shall receive:" but if you consider ?iiA: as an auxiliary verb, ^fO; reIf-',

childhood,

from

mother s womb.

A6.dl"f: Rom. i. 26. i.q. 0^^.^^: ^^.d.^and "K^C"- - shame, disgrace, ignominy, infamy, pudenda, bashfulness, shyness.

as will be perceived by difrom the principal verb in this manner: I'CDflK,*?^: ?iA^-lI-: which is
affix
;

mains an

viding

it

quite the same.
it forms negations with or T\' according to circumstances, ?iA: ?kji: and in the present tense it does not allow

Affixed to verbs,

"•

on::
letter of the Abyss,

OD:: MA, the fourth
Its

alphabet
in

name

is

^L\i

om]^:, probably for i^l*^:
labials, as
it is

the

M

letter.

Before other

J^A: to come in; e.g. h.£vV^ "I have not received." J\J£OiJ flAlh"?": «1«?0: "he will not come." ?i-"I'ifibj;^«?a: "thou wilt not go." riA«fOAf!«F': "I do
the auxiliary
not return."

other languages,

used sometimes in the

sixth fomi, instead of the liquid

1:;

e.g. (J)

9°nC=

instead of

CDlfiC:

^^e seat.

<5,f : for (D"l<3u^: the sieve. It is times substituted for the soft fl : as in
;

(J)1^ some-

HI

UD: •Hfi/n:
the rain.
It

conjunction signifies in Tiore, In the common language of the Amhara people, chiefly in Shoa, it is sometimes used instead of «?»: sometimes instead
because, for.
;

oif: a final

for

HiR: l^f 'H
is

:

to

rain,

of the causal

{"::
s.

sometimes

exchanged for Q):

OBUOO'JIW:

Ar.

^.a."^', U^y*"^' a
,

word pro-

;;

:: ;

trnv^njoy:

.

.

.

uq/y:
(

16

)

o^f\z... ?»f|aijA:
denies,"
j. e. he that denies his oath, perjured, forsworn, a perjurer. Jer. xlix. 13: fl<J.|'L: 7"

nouncenhh wilhont aspiration, a low
Vid. Golius
s. v.
s.

voice.

Job

iv.

1

2.

<"»U«^9"^:
*P^^djt"seration.
s.
f.

handkerclupf.
noso-rinrj.

Ezek. xvi. 12.

improperly for
Rad.
:

mercy, compassion, pity, commi-

ODU^:

Eth.

^AIM*: constr.2. "{or I su-ear {or have sworn) by my head," by myself. To swear by (something), tn}An— ::; e.y. Heb.vi.13: VlC i>: pnAm-. n^ro po^^^AiiV: nd.
z.

e.-

9"y«^'l'f

adj. merciful, coriipassionnte, pitiful.

ooin:
on A:
?».::

inf.

from \T\::

the bcimj, becomimj,

fh: l^ti "as there was nothing (or nobody) greater than he by which (or by whom) he
should swear, he surjre by liimself."
16: tl^'l-l":
gi-eater

essence, state, disjwsifion.
V. n.

&

act. Eth.

ono^j^:: Tigr.

on A
<o

And v. J^TDAA-: tiQ^^OP: H
:

abound,

Keb. ^^u. Ar. a_v. <o 6e to be much, to fill. Gen. i.
:

/«//,
22.

^•bAiTjCB^: "and

imp.

m<;-n swear h\ what is than themselves." Matt. v. 34 Y| "t"

ouAlh"!': " I have filed iV' ii"A^TA5>: id. "/Aaie
c. stiff.

fem.

•Topj.dy,; " fiHit.'"

h^OTiff: nrtoq^:
swear, not even
106.
Isa. xlv. 23.

mXl:
33.

&c. "never
Ps. cxix.

by heaven

" &c.

BTO^'t-«PA: or oo are plcidy of men," "many men." om^-f-: "there is plenty,'^ "much," and merely much. Ital. mo//r;. The matter with which any thing or person is filled, is given (1) with fl : and the sufHxed pronoun e.y. (mli&Xl: '^^ti: anDAr5'>: literally,
fl(D':

//W or /// ;/." A^'PA: "there

Gen. xxv.

oqAA^:
s!TO;-e

"swear to me."

crjaA^:
ch. xxiv.
7.

"he
£).

unto
"

Mm,"

ch. xxi. 23, 24.

"?»90AAMfAU-:
to

/

swear unto thee,"

TV^f^:

trs.

<o

sncar one,

bind one by an

oath, to adjure, to conjure.

Acts
conjure,

xix. 13:

>kf9"A^:i.A'l:
you."
adjure thee."

"ice

adjure

"the Holy Spirit
her,"
i.e.

y?//r J,

u-as full (plenty) in

Matt. xxvi. 63:
"

" she

was

filled

with the Holy Spirit."

Gh;}: n*i9"P: *">A1^0::^A: "the gombo O'ar) is full of water." Acts vii. 5 5 "o-j^fi
:

'5^:

that

I

?i«?DAVAU': "/ Gen. xxiv. 3 t\^£iW- H may take an oath from thee,
:

bind thee by an oath."

v.

37

:

'L^- K9n

K'^JA^: "and my
of the

master

made me

Holy

Spirit."

Acts

vi. 8:

"l.lif^r^:

swear."

ffo^-t-n-'T: in^f: "he ivasfull of faith and power." Lukeiv. 1. (2) with the accusative: e.(j. :3r-T'1: O;}: ^nAT^T (large jars) with water," a>': "//i the gans

3^A9":

"TonqA
an

:

pass, to be sworn, adjured,

oath.

bound by Refers to the oath as well as to

John ii. 7. J\i^aoA:
«3re«A:
i-q-

caus. to cause to

fill.

the swearing person, p "I* w^ : oxJ^h A "the oath which has been sworn." P'f'tnj A: fl(D^' "a person s!<:orn." •j-injaqA: recipr. to swear to each other, to

A

9»A'T: s. fulness. Ex. xii. 30: «?n juuf-iyn: flT^AT: " and Egypt in its fulness,
totality,^'
i.e.

bind one another by an oath,

to conspire.

Gen.

xxi. 27: yiC.ft-.
"

tlC^^G^T":
:

'f

"all Egypt."

'

Eth.

9" AW.
fl

a^tJiJA':

they sware to each other,

bound

" plenitudo."

go A-:
:

Eth. and Tigr.
«?" A-:

9^ Ar'^i:
\&^- " i*

adj. full,

S

j^f n^'A:
and beer."

is/«// of

mead

v. 31 lnH.JP: U-At^: •V°^9°£\'V£\.r: "for there the two sware to each other," Gen. xxvi. 31. Acts xxiii. 12: 'j-cnjtnjA'T": "and they

each Other by an oath."

UHA:
mitV-

s.

Eur. mile. with the finger. s- a fillip, a snap
Eth. crodiA::
Tigi% o^^iA.::
1.

conspired together, bound each other by an oath." V. 14: "f^f: T"^1°e\i'£i: constr.
<o

2.

" tve have entered into
to

oqA:

a

conspiracy,"

V. a.

SMJPar, <o tal^e

an

oath,

constr.

•F'A^:;

"have sworn
<?.i7-

each other" v. 21.

Ps.xv. 4: TOft":

P«™lV!K:

"

who

su;raWn<7

^f\Uiif\^:

cSiUS. to

make sicear;

i.q.

?imjA::

: :

OOAA: •.fo^Arirt:

(

17

)

?\flw"Art:-"/wi«

""A+:
hAonAfl"?"::
:

""A A:
T'^JAA:
Ps.
qD/\/v:
liead."
a.

no( return;" for
:

fo

entreat,

beseech.

Rom.

i.

9.

xlv. 12.

oblong.

'JP/\f\:

«5.fl:

"oblong

Lud.
s- is

ODArh*!*:

used Act. xx.l5. for anchor; and
Eth. anchor.
i.

ch. xxvii. 28. for sounding-lead.

make come back, to cause ^fl^^Art Lev. xxv. 26 "and if there be to return. none to return (redeem) it:' A^'ifl''^ flT^: n.^PACD': "and if he be able to have U returned (redeemed)." tnoAfl: s. Eth. and Tigr. OB^jfifl" the
caus. to

A

9DA9"A:
OOArt:
turn back,

s. footman.

1

Kings

5.

-

tongue.

Ps. v. 9. trop. speech, language.

Rad.

V. a. to repeat, to return, bring back, to
to convert, to reply, to

Art:
o^/\t\
:

g.v.
s.

answer, to re-

one

who

returns, brings back, converts:

compense, restore, retaliate;

e.g.

l-T: ooAfllhAtl: "what

I

PCDlll^lfhave taken,
1

restorer, converter.

9''Ail

:

s.

that

which returns ; the return,

resto-

I have given
iii-9:

back {returned) to
VltJ.:

thee.'"

Peter

ration.

Lev. xxv. 12:

P—

:

J'^tnO'ff-:

"the

/'n-^ooAB'h "neither return evil for evil." Mai. iv. 6:
shall return
{convert)

fiVl^V":

year o£ restoration, the jubilee:'' Reply, answer. pgn/j^fj: ga^/s^'t- : "aletter in on^it-er,"

"he

the heart of
:

tlie

"an answer:" >kl.: aiP^^lh"^: >»ClV: "1 T: 9"Ari'i: 7\S^out\tl£\r\*I^:: "Tasked
him; but he did not return me an answer •7" Afi: also used now and then for environs, Markiii. 8: 1n(n,Cf! f: VllX^ir: «F»Ari: "from the country about Tyre and Sidon." Also, the place where
surrounding country.
the sun seems to return in his course in the
."

fathers to tlie children," Jer. xxxi. 18 otjA fV\ : " convert (or turn) thou ?ne." ft.t'^A

("jog/YU, : " and I shall be converted."
said unto

In the

Gospel, the expression, "Jesus answered and
him,''''

is

always properly rendered,
Isa. Ixv.

piVfl: craAriA-l-: J^AT"::

24:

•^^K<.: "Ko^AflA^TAU-:
call,
/.

"before they
the

equinox,
pic
circle.

;ro/>/c.

PTDAll: H-CJP:
(rad.

^''^

/ro-

will

answer."

inf.

eroatj/\fi:

Geogr.
s.

bringing back, returning, return.

""Aneq,:
come back,
to

AOm:)

the

lining,

"pautif}:
repeat.

pass.

&

n. to be returned, brought
to return,

gilding, varnhh, the material

back, answered, Sec.
1

with wliich, or the instrument by which, any thing is lined
or gilded or varnished, Ex. xxxviii. 19.
the workhouse or place

Kings
ii.

xxii. 27, 28.

John

i.

38

Also
saying,

Pffflfp*:
round:'

To«Art: "and
IS
:

Jesus turned

where

this is done.
the

Gal.

yd,d.tl\h'l-'itl:
I

T
up

o^A^:
't:

inf.

from ?iA:: saying,

ooAhL: PTnUli.CD': YlLni>:
what
I

"if,

meaning, signification, intent, -purport.

have broke down,
inf.

did build

^U:

Ifly-:

"my

saying (what I

cn^A mean) is

again."

troaiJ/\fj; the coming back,

the return, &c.

this." VUll: (king) t"JA"T: ni^'JCV: S1Sj:n-Ai*: n^A^: Iffi-: "the signifi-

To^iAArt:
about.

reiterat. to

go and come back, a
ivalk, to

cation of

'

king'
It is

is,

in the

Amharic

lantniao-e,

walk up and down,
2

to take
:

walk

'Til'f^::"

used also for

object, intention;

Sam.

xi.

2

flTl-M': ft'V: fll
""* order
to

iT: A""ooAAf|:
and down
(to take

walk up

PlUi.lh^: a->1: "Vtit: inc.: "my object K;:
e.U.:?ilt:
this was, to get

Ml: HI
in building

a walk) on thereof of the

John xi. 5t: JJOD/\/^fj: "was walking,'"' "walked:" xii. 35 "I" \nd,'' "OAA!>: n-nC^T: "«W/c in the light."
king's house."
:

9°A^:
Eth.

s.

Vid. Y\ti:: fulness, plenty, abundance, filling.

a house."

gnAh'T::

Ar.

iU

Heb. nt^Vo.

Rad.

PDA ::
vo/^,
vieZ.

inf.

oraoOAAf!:

walking, the walk.

T»"Artrt:Jobxxxiv.32:

hAOOArtflTa;

Germ,

Lat. multum.

Ital.

mofto.

:

:

tn»Ahln: ...7nAVl-t':
e.g. " Is there

(

18

)

2\o"AY1T:

..o^AS::
to

any thing to be had ? " Answer,

J'^od/yYI'I*: v. denom.
denote, notify,

mark,
;

to signify,

OOA-t-: MALTo!

"Oh

plenty!"'
:

Ps. xxv. 4
:

to

show, point
:

•JO^J^Vl: and seldom od/\V1
pi.

s.

angel

Eth.

out.

»"A'?»tl-t'::
xxiii. 6
;
;

Ar. cJlo'

Heb. "^kVp.
It is

out

o«TJ,K-tn ?i"0 AVIT'I to me," "show me thy way."
keep in view,

"

point

Gen.

xlviii. 16,

&c.
for

used only
or other

•j'OTJAYl't": pass, to be marked, shoion, &c.
a. to

for angels

and when
it

human

to look at, to see, to

view

messengers,
Cor.

is

figuratively or
6.

metony-

upon,
pl/tte.

to behold, to otjservr, to
1
s.

mark, fo contem-

mically, as Gen. xxiii.
1
iv. 9. vi. 3.

Rad. A?vYl: Kth.
message, ministry,

Cor.

X. 18.

OOAYJ'!':
godhead.

divine essence or nature, divinity,

006i7f\'r\'\"office,

s.

fern,

letter,

service.

y.U-y-:

oo^y^Yl^:-1-^^ti:

Generally used of the divinity of our Saviour.
id.

(DR: (^^^^n.T:) "may this letter reach" The usual address with the (its reader).

t^^A^'^rVr:

not often used.

•"^AVITi
1

:

s.

messenger.

Gen.

xvi. 7; xix.

1.

name

of person and place to which the letter

Cor.

iv. 9.

is directed,

written inside before the begintlie

ning, and outside on

back.
.

2 Cor.

iii.

3

^'^^Yjf: s. governor of any place or district. 0"AViVi«JD: and 00^11 Vl 7": a. (amplification of

P5lCfl-¥-h: ovgi^Yi^'z
P't*'H<5.''T':
^

.

.

^A:

boA^y^::)
Esther
s.

very fine, fair, beautiful,

'Pti'P*:

"o

very good.

ii. 8.

letter

of Christ., .written
office.

troATl.,?:

measure; a measuring

insiruniPnt,

without ink."
2 Cor.
iii. 7, 8,

Ministry, ministration,
9.
iv. 1
:

chiefly for
:

the two ministrations,
spirit.

where ke speaks of of the letter and of the
au£^Yi-1-sjU: "grace

P — HTl:

measuring lengths.
a measuring rod.
of AflDfn:

Ezek.

xl.

3

Rad.

A^:

Rom. i.

5

:

K^:

ooAfflT:
ter, trade,

inf.

and -rAfDm::

and apostleship " (message); where ooaVI""!': stands contracted for uii^y^^i^::

change, exchange, alteration, substitution, bar-

commerce,

traffic,

oufj'^'f
i.e.

oba
P
is

fl)'5*:

"sale,

and
:

change,^'

"commerce."

ctoaYI:

v.

n.

Ar. cJi*

Heb. TlbD,
fo reign as

Very

Gen.

xxiii.

18

seldom, used for

nui

:

a king.

•F':^A^:
current in

sc.

fl""!!'?: Ilo^AfflT: 'fUC" ["money"] "which

f^^ilYlt s.form, shape, visible appearance.

commerce.''''

0"A^9":

adj. formosiis

(""AVI and

X^^O
being

o^A^P:

s.

for ou/^p-*^-:: the parting, separa1

beautiful, beauteous, fine, fair,

handsome, good,

tion, division.

Sam.

xxiii. 2S.

proper, becoming, well, &c. t^OA^9'°i''t': s. beauty, goodness, the
good.

"OAP'I': inf
tion.

of

AP::
e.g.

separation, parting, divi-

sion, partition, schism, sect, difference, distinc-

Job iv. 16. Zech. ix. 17. OOATn'*r: s. a musical wind-instrument, described by Bruce, Salt. Riippell, and Combes and Tamisier. Vid. Bruce, 11. 2S0 only kenet is a wrong spelling of 'p'i^: k and, horn, general appellation of any horn; whereas
:

Vid.

AP::

:Jm.?i-"r: Yl>»"7H.3\

•fldi.O Hljt^:

i(D-:: "sin is the separation, departing, from God." auf

ooAP-V:

rits," 1

lS.fl"n: tJOAP'"!": "distinguishing the spiCor. xii. 10. pcjtiAP't': h'T^Ail:
oi -division,"
1

"a God
tn'Aji'JP:

Cor. xiv. 33.

aoAYl't': MALACAT,
ment.

is this

particular instru-

malacat," the : i&.. "the blower of the trumpeter. dogitlt: mXlect. Vid. atiAl?i!l'V::

o^AP'^:
iv.33:

Eur. a million.
s.

:

14,:

"to blow the malXcat."

division, partition, boundary.

1

Clir.

PYl^^QP: »OAJP.P:
inf.

"the boundary

of their tribe."

avf\^p-'\-.

oi-fti
1

y p.:
i.

the variety, divi10.
xi. 19.

•y^Alri't': mElISket,
note.

s.

sign, mark, token, signed,

sion, sect, faction.

Cor.

•^ A.1^

:

V. n. to be early, to rise early.

Gen.

xx. 8

:

oqAK:
nYlQt^' t"7AKing."
early.'"

tro/\frj:

(

19

)

9D^T:
grass has been cut

.

.

.avavfitl:
where ooAfll."
'" ^^

ch. xxi.

morn14: «nj^^: Tl"*: "he rose
"^'^
'"*''
<'«'"ty

in the

naked, used of places of pasture
off.

the

eh. xxii. 3.

xxvi. 31.
"

xxviii. 18.

xxxi.

55. ^.iJij

AKAlh:

I

rile

earhj"

oijfi^: ^'^£^y,: and fn}£%^: adv. early (in the morning). Ps. v. 4 and some of the above;

s. razor, any sharp pocket-knife. •'^AQ,^: s. passage, jylace and means for pass-

9"" •yny^Ep.:

AT:
;

s.

the baldness.

Tigr.
:

2\A:

''o^'^'

iny

adj. excellent,

very good, (able to pass

quoted passages.
morning, day-break.

Ps. xlvi.

5.

As
:

subst., the

Isa. Iviii. 8

•flC^^ntJ:

"hTiR- t"IA^: ^G>n)A: "thy light shall break forth as the morniny." Ezek. xlvi. 14
:

everywhere, because of the good qualities a thing possesses.) Luke xv. 23. Rad. ^Ad," Arab. L^l o^ih: *^«!?4»: Ezek. xxviii. 13.
ijjj^l,
\.,^

is

the plur. of iL-«

cr?/«to7.

kJULC

ri'^A^: IhA": "every
•^A."^:
id. V. 15.

morniny.'"

ot}^^;

qiJfK:

^^£\S, y- s.a bracelet of brass, which (in Shoa) the soldiers that have killed a Galla in war
are permitted to wear on their wrist.

a gem. containing about one pint or one pint and a-half, in use for drinksignifies cornelian,
s.

a small

bottle

ing mead.

Alias 'flCA.:
oath
;

*"'fhA:

s.

and meton. a

treaty, covenant

troyvlP:

s.

object of scorn, joke,
;

and jest;

scorniny,

jokiny, jesting

scorn, joke, jest, j)lay.
act.

troAlT--: o«AlK-:
pass,
infin.

ooaT?: o^JAlR-"

Heb. vi. 16. ""ithA"^: th1"Ij^: Tig. a certain plant in
established
Tigre, which occasionally serves the Abyssi-

by

oath. Gen. xxiv. 8.

of

A^^1: and
;
to,

ATR"
and

playiny,

nians for food.

jokiny, jesting, scorning

play, joke, jest, scorn.
causes playiv. 4.

ooA\^:
xxxiv.

s.

&

adj. one

who has mercy,

pity,

comEx.

•^AT^fcs
ing,
•'

that

which excUes
:

passion

; 6.

merciful, pitiful, compassionate.

scorning, joking, jesting.

Nehem.

object of the

"for

we

liave

same " tn^i^irEI,: U-W£ii': become the objects of scorn,"
9.

"Df-h^gny:
^P^thdrV:
s.

s.

Vid. fro\}ifju^-, handkerchief. Vid. *FO\}^i\-:- mercy.

" spectacle."

o^A^lMl:
•"^AfT):

id.

Job xxx.
V. p.

^F^ihi.'VV: adj. Vid.

gBy^T'f "
inf.

merciful
of

OTj/h'ry^: and
of hair).

oxj'f^'t-giJ:

d»l"ao:
;;

V. a. to fall out (used
;

•j-tiD/^ ffl

&

and'J'foiJ:: the
Lev.

sealing, printing,

stamping;

n. (of the head), to loose

the seal, stamp, press, type.

Vid. rfj't'aa

the hair, to have the hair falling out.

tJDfhT!?"^:
sealing,
office.

s.

i.ffi": Pto^tktU: rtO^: l-X: i©': 'iR^fhU^: id^: "the man whose head has lost its hair, is bald, and
xiii.40,41:
?\CXt-:
(yet) is clean."

instrument or place for printing,
seal, printing-

stamping; the press, type,

Yifnf^tfl^ R'h^.:
:

f^ihKC,'
e.g.

inf-

from (h^d.::

case, cover, envelope,

fl.

owAT:
he
is

of a book.

"XCl'f: ^fi- Hd.: /KO-: "and

if

the hair fall out

from the crown

o^dih^!

of his head,

bald-pated."
act. to fall out, to escape, glide out.
:

the circular walk (rh.^: 2\di>K:) in which the threshing oxen 'tread out the grain

from the
place.
xix. 5:

2\cro/^fn:

ears: threshing instrument

;

threshing

Of

the hatchet

Deut.

•?««^<J^«/0:

YlSr.:

?4""Am:
his hand."

from

"and the hatchet slipped Of men, escaping from
36: Yl^-T^'J:

"UAiOl: and onj-hO-}:
Rad.

s.

uterus, the

womb.

d^ms.

Eth.

ovipj^Q:
ship;

enemies.

Deut.

ii.

JP^o^

teacher, instructor, master.
teacher-, instructor-, or masteroffice

ni: P{W*'- "there was none that escaped

"^9"tIC^'^:
state

and

from our hands." Heb.
deliver.

t^^JD, to

make escape,
meton.
bare,

of a teacher, master, in-

structor.

auav^Cl:

inf.

OUA"l:

adj.

& s.

of oo^i'i: and-ToiOArt:: the

bald-head, bald,

return, conversion.

oofroAn:...o«JUJCJP:

(

20

)

ouju'i.: ..."^Itf.:

0000^1^

:

s.

the mefins, instrument, or place of

return, restoration or conversion.

band, bandage, ligament. Eph. iv. 6. axifXJ^: 2 Chron. xxxiv. 22. by a mistake the

aTj^l\\l:
religion.

inf.

of i'vt'DAin"

"*''

worskippin(j

Hebrew HX^Q taken

for

a

jjroner

noun,

or servingGod, dh'ine
idols," " idolatry."

service, reH(jious exercises,

"IfJ-^'T:
s.

:

"the worship of

whereas it signifies the double «?nj^>k: s. North-ea.it.

(building).

"o^^IaS,:

present, presented

by an

inferior

«rou)CD£;^: for
ODju>tp.fj.:
oblation, the

oo^fDCy:

?•

^'•

person to a superior. cnj/\g: "to rise early."
trotJijf^: inf. of

Ps. xlv. 12.

Rad.

andou/xKpO-V:
animal
s.

s. offer, sacrifice,

to be offered.

"V^^^'-

learning.

TDlUfly'^:

j^loce

of offering,

altar.

Rad.

trqtrqCz

inf.

of

K"^ ill" pleasantness, agreea'oleaaixiyz
a
tool for tilling
s.

ness, loveliness, beauty.

instrument and material for paint-

oooijil:

s.

i.q.

autp^^Qy:

ing.

(W|A::)
s.

the gi-oimd, halchet (a spade might be called Rad. o^f\:: so, but they have none).

fo/xi'jQji'z

Eth.

net, lattice.

Ex. xxxvii. 26.

Rad. Eth. hl^ld,.:

ooeyn-f-^:
&c.

inf.

of onj-;: the beating, striking,

9"A"fn.C=
JT^ripO.

s.

Gr. pvarrjpiov.
secret,

Kv.jSxu,^

Heb.

a

secresy, hidden, concealed
pi.

OOfpi^z

s.

hammer (instrument

of beating),
thing, mystery, sacrament, doctrine,

9^^*^

that which is struck in stringed instruments, i.e.
string, i.q.

(DTCinf. of

m.i.'t':: Deut. xxix. 29.

crooD^'1-:

'I"OiJ^: desire, inclination,

""C-

J'lA: v.a.

(liter,

to say "mar"), to jump,

to leap, to spring.

lust, appetite,

appetency.
for

ODCTOH^: s. weight (means Rad. OOH5:: auaii'^"^: inf. of TtnjT'T"
oijano^:
inf.

weighing).

9"C= ?»A:
cating

Ezek. xxi.

6.

fOQ,- particle inditherefore 'P^Qz T\tk-

6(7/pr?!eM, j/r;^/;

"to do with deep grief and bitterness."
dispute.

^/OQ:
bit-

of

0f™9IM^::

apostacy, rebellion,

•nAtJ9": nA.-X^O)^: T\£v^Cl: "wUh
terness

lament before them."
Eth. oruf^^^
z

wickedness.

«JO"IA:

iof-

of

painting, drawing, de-

tm^.z

V. a. to lead, guide, conduct.
inf.

;;

Tigr.

picting, description.

ynwiA.: Vid. T^iliA.:
oi)Uj/^c|>^:
s.

object of joking, playing, scorn.

OB^ih. :: Gen. xxiv. 27 (D^: •ffO)'*?": o^'il.^: oa<5. ^: "and he has led me to a straight way."
autpi^.-l:

Nehem.'ii. 17.

Rad.-rwiAl*: Vid. iUA^::
Heb.
n;;dT3, the Messiah,

Ex.

xiii. 18.

Ps. XXV. 6

:

IKD'l-'rtI:

l^iHn.

ooui^th:
ou^uffifiz

Ar.

^^
East,

imp. "guide me in (or with) thy truth." troC^*J^U'= " ^ guided or guide thee."
't'O^^.: pass,
to follow.

the Anointed One, 6 Xpurros.

to be

guided,

led,

conducted,

Vid.
s.

ooflAfi"
sun-rising,
inf.

9^]^6.^:

Eth.

of

tro^z
*fO(^:

s.

leader,

guide,

conductor.

Eth.

and

Tigr. ati<j.,h.::

OOUJ^T:
dation.

v.n. to ground, to found, lay a founpass, to be grounded, founded.
1

s.

chisel.

1^^:
s. foundation, ground.

V. n.

& a.

to

have mercy, pity, compassion,
Eth. *J^tii^' and
inf.

•X'OUIXJ^'V-

to be
11.

merciful, to spare.

tniVJ^'^-

Cor. ui,

o^did.::
C'.:

Ar. U-j
:

Heb. DHn.

ootjij

ao^u£.^:
omjjQy''

construcinf. of IU<J."- the building,
string, fetter, rib-

•^ <i^

"

have mercy upon me," " be merci-

tion, structure.
s.

ful unto me!"
tie.

band, bond,

1

Cor.

vii. 6

:

^^^i'- "be merciful unto us!" ^do^'^U'- "I would spare

"

;

:

foii^:
you."

tmyatj^i

(

21

)

t"cro^.cro4:
TP.iued,

.

.

.

aoi.6.\''t-.

"I sympathize with,"

"feel for you."

searched,

'hrm.rvtXib^O ^orj^ip; "may God have mercy upon you!" or merely ^inj^Cp: a
civil

UCt^

inf. ftncm^axiC.:: ^7« 'Y'Oo^orDC^ "may my doctrine

be examined I

"

expression which
! !

is

addressed to a per-

son

when

sneezing; as in

Germany,
!

"

gesund-

t^^^iJ'^^d.- act. to search, in order to settle Ps. x. 13: accounts (reward or punish).
" he says in his heart, thou wilt not search Ezek. xxxiii. 6 it."

heit " " prosit " "

your health

"

When
!

a
into (neither punish)

child sneezes, they say:

J^"lh :)
!

"

may He

^«^^'"liJ: (or Jp«^ let thee gi-ow up " The
1

answer is: jfi-^cp: "may He cause you to abide " " may He establish you " instead of
"I
is

thank you." ^i"! H. J^fl di.C JEo™J ^JJ) : also a wish addressed to a diseased per;

<5.AU': "his blood will I require at the Gen. ix. 4. seer s hands." v. 8.

O^Cj^i'
zjuQtjTsf^:

3s. s.
s.

an

inquirer, searcher, examiner.

son
(or
*

and in addition: >»"lH.?».'fl<h.C= (°^
'St. George,'

inquiry, researcli, examination.
id.

^RXI- IP-CPXl-) ^d.m-rtg): "may God
which
!

is

as

frequent as

*}°C,1^6.: aii£jqp£^i

Eur. marmor, marble.
an*^ ^th. Ifx'lW-

Alias Pfl
hail-

God ')

cure or heal you

4^: KTiy:
experience mercy

H^^:

"t""^*^: pass,

to receive or

stone (on account of its whiteness).

to be an object of mercy, pity, compaasion, &c.; does not often occur, because it may easily

oo^^:

V. n. to be bitter,
to be

inf.

ouTU^^;.Ezek. xxvii. 30
:

•f-cro^^: pass,
to he grieved,

embittered with grief,

be confounded with "Vo^^;

fo learn.

sorrowful.

htl^^d,'
if)

caus. to induce, to move, to incline

mercy, pity, compassion, favour.

viii.

34:

>»f;["t':

Rom. ^tlT^d.TA- "he works
Eth. tiou«^: to teach.
i.e.

t-aa^Qj^ijti: ^^x^itC- "and embittered (with sorroic), they cry." inf. oocro^f^:;

t\tV^^d,d?

caus.

to

embitter,

fo grieve,

to

out

mercy for

us."

excite to anger, to exasperate, to irritate, to vex, provoke,
inf.

oq^: Amh. non
inf.

occ.

tiqf^cro^(^::

Ex.

i.

14

:

"t-trq^: V. pass, to be taught,

act

to learn.

KTJay£;: learning.

^•?"3Cfa>'J:
Amharic

\\^
(i.e.

"

and they (the Egyptians) embittered
:

^1S=

1?t^"2<i>All": "I learn the

grieved) their (the Israelites'') soul."

language."

flto^Q
learning,

If: f «7"C'P^i': S.VP' J\J&^A7^^ " as he is
:

^
fl

Ps. Ixxviii. 8

fHirqOTj

:

^Gpgi^: p^n
and
v. 17
:

yet

^{\OU(^£fjU;
vexatious

" a perverted, provoking,

he cannot yet teach well."
inf.

generation."
?\flO"<i<.''if
:

A^AT
exaspe-

^fl't'Orq^J^: trs. to teach, instruct,

oijfi

9«:

. . .

:

"and they

•fOfjQ', teaching, instruction, doctrine,

rated the

Most High."
and
trop. provoking, grieving.

o^iQz
instruct

a. bitter,
s.

you
s.

in the Gospel."

f^^i.&.:

OT}Q:

s.

honey.
guidance, conduct, direction, lead.

ovi.ihj'V'

oo^OD^:

v. a. to inquire, search,

examine,

inf.

any thing bitter. Ex. xii. 8: "and unleavened bread" Yioo^.jj.: ^^,: " with bitter things." In apposition, it becomes often an adject; e.g. Matt. xxvi. 75:
bitterness,

aufnj£aii(^:: "the making inquiry ;"" inquiry," " examination^
&.ti:: " they examine.'^

"»i.(5.:

Ps. xi. 4:

^ono«^^

a

bitter
it it

weeping, crying."

&.Ai "he
righteous."

>5 J^'IjT : Jc^^'t^T" examines into the (state of tlie)

itself,

A«fr«9»: JiA^rt: "and he wept As adject, by tm^.^,: iflic^r: is Ex. xv. 20:
trop. grief.

xxvi. 2

:

o^C^d.^

:

" search

was bitter.'" o^c.^l't': s. bitterness, and
"for
vii.

Job

me out." •fOD^ao^:

pass, to be inquired into, eia-

11: niQ.rt.«?": aa^.i.1^: ?4A^«^A Ih: "in the bitterness of my soul, I cry, weep.'

"«6.0'V--'"iCn'V:
•"'i.O't':
:

(

22

)

o^do-'Vi'V:
s.

.

.

.

To»*;H:

Prov. xxxi. 6 "do not give iflgrapes" ni^'I^Oh: "o^.^'l" mead or A<V: "to those that are in the bitterness of
Isa. xxxviii. 17.
a.

*'**«^'l'5""t':

dustiness, the nature

*"><^:^•^:

adj.
I

of dust. of the nature of dust. fern. atJ

^^.p-l,..

Cor. XV. 47.

their soul."

^<^i1
ivar,

:

V. a. to take

on(^fl:

Arab.

^L^i

anchoring-phce, harbour.

to

plunder in war.

and carry anny captive in inf. UDOij£»^::

o^C/l^:
o^dSt:
s.

inf. of'i^i^:: the furyetting, oblivion,

forgetfulness.

Num. xxi. 1: YlC^-FfD-y^: y«CYT!: *^ ^tl: " and he carried (some) of them away captive."
TO'J^Yl:
?iflO»J<^Yl
tive (in

plough.

9™J^C=

JPAr^rt-T-:
field

Deut. xxi. 3: fl'^Ji^'l'F': Better: yn^^igu:
v.ith

pass.
:

caus. to cause to carry
tu

away

cap-

nofj^?!: y/\^f\'-f-. "and which has not
ploughed the
?t«;r!:
*"'C*"i'*f''
inf.
''•

war),

cause to plunder.

Jerem.

?/;c

plough.'"

Rad.

ag^fj::
the

"'^ cootr under

saddle of a

mule or horse.
oiig^<p: v.a.fohks.?,
i.e.

xxix. 4: Y1P<.mA.v«: u)x- Hlin?"!: ^f|i"J<i'hU"Vl: 'J^Cp- to those captives (prisoners of war) whom I have caused to be carried away captive from Jerusalem

j}ronounce a benediction.
'•

to Babylon.

Not
inf.

of God's blessing, where

ootru^^::
to priests

e.g.

n dXi ^on(^q>^: "pronounce
is

used,

•yC^Yi:

s.

captive, prisoner

of war, plunder,

spoil,

captivity, exile.

a

blessing

over me."
;

Tliis request is often

•^<I.'n.:

s.

plunderer, n soldier that plunders
captives.
ship.
:

made

also

by servants when

and makes
^^Cti-n-P-T'"
ship.""
s.

Judges

ii.

11.

Isa. xxi. 2.

taking leave of their masters, in order to

pi.

have their good-will and their prayers ac-

HA —
P

cro^.Vl'n: and

ou^Yl
?iH^[;:

companying them.
"f-aa ff^'l* i pass,
to

"the owner (proprietor) of a

:

flOX': "sailor."
iii. 4.

P—

:

have a benediction problessed, benedicted.
Isa. Ixv. 4.

" captain."

James
••

Ar. i._,^i\^ "a ship."

nounced over oneself, to be VfO^'p: s. broth, gravy, sauce.

Heb.

n?~l?2,
:

a chariot." Ar.

ODj^^:

id.

""CTnn'f

s. sailor.

^[^'
2 Chr. xxviii.
<o support, sus-

'JoQ<^:s.benediclion.

Mark xii.
"

38

:

T^Q^I:

I^CX*^11.

^-

"^

prisoner of ivar.

rt/\9D'^9ns: Y\,PtliW'
dictions

pronouncing 6ene-

Isa. xlv. 13.

and

salutations."

"D^YiH:
tain,

or ofo^/YlCDH: v.a.
pass.

OWi.«i>:

inf.

of ^.'p:: the heingfar ojf, distance,

by a staff or crutch.

removal.

t-oo^t^H:
mucus,
spittle.

&

refl.

to be supported, to
staff", to

9^i5.^:
ff^C'P-

s.

support oneself by a crutch or
2 Sam.
lance."
i.

lean.

s-

the needle-like pointed termination

6:

P^d^:
iii.

'V'^^C.'fl^li: 'il^P:
/eonio*;

of corn-ears.

1114= "was standing and
Prov.
18:

on his

ao^-fl:

s.

net.

P'V^^^d,'t'l^H1''t'

ovQU-fi: id. Mark i. 16. avQt\'f\^: id. Eth. Hosea

9":
vii. 12.

•J^fn-'i: idt-z "and he that /eons
it,

upon
Ezek.

is blessed."
staff,

*fO^^

:

s.

bitterness.

Isa. xxxviii. 1 5.

xxvii. 31.

Rad. ao,^^::
the jumping, leaping,

crutch, a OOCTri''H: support in walking.
s.

wand, a

stick for

Exod. xxi.

19.

Eth.

OU(^^:
cnj«f^^:

s.

a jump,

leap.

Vid. aaC,: ?»A.-s.

dust, earth.

aU'Q''l-:s. male parts of generation of animals.

ffoCln^'H : 'H'fl'K: Tigr. hyainds of a plant. cnOj^H: v. a. to poison, envenom.
'I'ao^j-I:

staff,

name

aqQi-lp:

s.

a sort of soothsayers, fortune-tellers.

pass, to be poisoned, take poison,

Deut. xviiL 11.

poison oneself.

;

"raC^H:

••

«o<5.7GR,:

(

23

)

"°C.lfi'
s.

•'

^^^

00(^11

:

s.

poison, venom.

Deut. xxxii.

24.

onC^Qj-.
silk

o^Cy-

(^I'CM?''*: adj. poisonous, venomous. Rati. 2\«5.:: s. obsc. anus.
n. p.

(3^*5.: q-v.)

robes being embroidered with a broad Rad. <ild.:: border.
the finest sort of Abyss,
v. a. to choose, elect, select.

aq£^_P9«:

(I)

Mary, the Holy Virgin.

art^{X\: and oug^ft^;
inf.

nt"JC.P9°: "by (2) Church of St. Mary. Mary ! " a form of adjuration in courtesy
e.g.

croTn^R*: and aiMja^*^;

the choosing,

choice, election.

Ps.cxxxii.il: 'lf\"l\\,7vi\Ai,C,'

when you

rise to

receive a person
is

who
"by

OP'TS: fJ^Ci^VCt^'- "for God

hath chosen

visits you, the comer

anxious to prevent
i,e.

this civility,

and says ^l^^C^fyOl

Gen. vi. 2: poo^fll-^'i: U-/V: Zion." " whomsoever they chose." xiii. 11. Eph. i. 4.

Mary! do not rise." In same expression is used. *P3: "enemy of Mary;" a
like to give to each other

similar cases the

•|-ou^fn: and "V^^dJR.elected, selected, elect,

pass, to be chosen,

KA"!": *"?C.P
title

&c.
the election,
elect,

that persons
quarrelling,

•jnf^nq,: adj. chosen,

elect, selected.

when
is

because an enemy of the Virgin

believed to

'f^C'V- ^'"C.i^- and *P*Cf-^- s. choice, prrJeslinaiion; and adj.
chosen, &c.

choice,

be entitled to everj' sort of injuries. more in Lud. Lex. Etli. s. v.
ot><5.^'"r"

See

Ps. xviii. 26.

Cant.

iv. 7.

Vid.
Lev.

Ar. i^J}jv
Isa.
iii.

pi.

of sL<,

looldny-

OTJ(^fBL:
xiv. 4.

s.

any means for sprinkling.

glass, mirror.

23.

Amh. oyfjf {|)'1-:
which
is

Rad.
s.

^WL"
17:

•"JCK- a

neck-chain

;

"chain
xli.
s.

hung
Ar.

ODf^tq,:
,2 Kings
river."

course

iii.

round the neck." Gen. q«^_g-: and OD-n«f.^:
i^jL*.

42.

Ezek. xvi. 11.

PffiTH

where any thing runs in. "bed of a :

:

Rad.
inf.

a fde, a rasp.

dtn:
of ti^fXL" spmnkling, aspersion,

crojTQj,^':

The
inf.

soft

n

:

passed over into a mere

Ex. XXX.

9.

vowel.

T^CK-:
of
t^'S^::

Vid.
s.

gn^cp::
Gen.
xiv. 23.

a\J£^'\':

helping, assliting

;

help,

axiQj^;

needle.

asulitance, succour, aid.

901;^^^ ::

the sitting at table, at meals, the meal,

OO^VP'^:
aa^'j:

s.

Eur. meridian, the meridinn]me.

feasting, feast.
the/ea.v/,"

V^C,^^ii.

?\A5t»:

'

ruler of

v. a. to

besmear (with lime or with coto

John
s.

8, 9.

Rad.

4«5.«I»: " to sit

louring matter),
xviii. 15.

cement, to bedaub.

Ezek.

at table," &c.

ovQ^i^fpy-.
pass.

pjlace
is

where they
held,

sit

at

table,

t-oo^T:
"

Lev. xiv, 42: ^oo^J^oj^n;

where

the

meal
s.

dining-room (house).

and
s.

let it

be bedaubed." seldom used.

Luke

XX. 46.

"table.'"

Had. ^^qf-.:
Ps.

Dia£^"|:

a

rock, large stone,

cnj4^^^_P;

place of rest, resting-place.

9"C"i"
OXi^j\-,

^- ^'"^ s.

cement, daubing.

cxxxii. 14.

Zeph.

ii. 6.

the smearer, dauber, cementer.
inf.
s-

onfi^i
lids,

(JuC^ffD;

of

<»Tao:

cursing, the curse.

tmd^S^'

iJ-dpay§o^,

and commonly
11, 19.
Is.

c/xa-

an Abyssinian measure for sothan a gallon. Alias ^llf:: 16 tro|\: make one Cfqj^^::
s.

mXsse,

a

little less

paydoi, emerald.
for 2\J'fl^fl:

Rev. xxi.
"jasper."

falsely

Ofjfii v.
thief.

a.

to dig, to

break in or through, as a

liv. 12.

for

Gen. xxvi.

15.

Ex. xxxii.
dug.

2.

"V^ tl
^JD^TCCj,:
s.

V. pass, to be
to cause,
1.

treading -pUice or instrument, there-

?ifl*"Jrt:

or order

to dig.

fore wine-press.

Rad.

d^lW:

inf.

auCJ,^::

orgfi: Jer. xvii.

probably for ffl: copper.

Matth. xxi. 33.
"«<;.lEq,:
id.

gDi^

;

s.

meal, chiefly the

mid-day
eat

meal,, dinner.

from

ti.im:

inf.

G^in-V"

y^ilPl: >»nAAU': "I
Eth. and Tigi\ ^nilAi::

my

dinner.'"

Isa. xxi. 10.

:

:

oof]/\:

.

..

"uflfn^y:

(

24

)

o"rt^:

.

.

.

a^^lt^'iy:
2

•"•rtA:

V. n. to be similar, to rescmhlp,

fo like.

impers.

with

suff.
:

pret.

tiurtA"!:

tJ:

strument, place and act of hearing. xxii. 45.

Sam.

ira)': T"'r: &c. "it seemed (or seems) to me," "to thee," "toliim," "toher,"&c. pres.

""ll^: Deut.
soothsayers.

xviii. 11.

Perhaps a sott of
Tigr. 'nCS\'^"

JE"of|A^A:
"I
believe."

" it

seems to me,"
Heb.

" I suppose,"

^nflC:

s-

coll. lentils.
s-

Ar. Ji^

':3\r;p.

y^flC'
^Di^f-;

^^'
9.
s.

a kind of wind-instruments. used instead of our axe.
fem. Egyptian, instead of

T^J^rtA:

pass, to be

made

similar, like, or

Lev. XXV.

resemJjling.

Hosea

xii. 10.

a

hatchet,
5.

J^fjonortA: caus.
semble, render

fo assimilate, to

make

to reto

Deut. xix.

jirobable,

and

tliereoy

7°fld: m.

^-f::

persuade and
?»f|cnJi^/\:
ceive,
1
id.

to deceive.

y"A"d ::
to

cliiefly

sensu malo:

de-

by representing untruth
iv. 2.
s.

as truth.

•"jfiC- s- a common earthen boiling-vessci, used for any sort of kitchen-work. Ezek.
xlvi. 14.
.

Tim.

Rad. Krt^::

•J^^OA.:

likeness,

similitude,

resemblance,

image, figure ; and meton. parable, example,
representation, proverb.

Vid.^ouiA:

Ar. JjU,

Heb. ht'O. — T
C

""rt^iCJ?" s. 1 Kings vi. 31. I do not know what tliis word signifies. From its derivation from tlie Eth. t\^d,' to lay a foundation, it should be the same with ou lU £^""1'
foundation, and this passage ^i'Tofl't':

"^

9^nA:
tJ^i^A:

s.

image, figure, resemblance.
4.
1

Ar. JJU.
ii.

l^4C^: ^AO-V: oog-^Vl
:

:

would then be

Lev. xix.
s.

Sam.

xix. 13.

Isa.

16.

tvlietstone, hone.

Rad. «^A::
s.

''"rtAA: and
Al.

00OA.A:

stairs,

ladder.

" a post, or posts, ivhich had five foundations.'^ For the Amharic |*| ^^ being used for riding and sailing, it cannot be the root of this

tmapm:

cro(D'4g:: Ar.

noun.

1^

and

jH.

o^fl<*:

inf.

of fld^t*:: the stealing, a

th(ft.

Ndiem. iii. 15. onfi/^fl: s. a measure of solids, containing twelve oa|\:: O^jflAl.: and OUflAi." s. representative, lieuterumf, of a king or prince. Comp. of croj^^ i. e. like me. Dan. ii. 48. like, and "iFti,: I
G:
n. xxviii. 12.
;

"ofl^.""r:

inf. of rtd.:: '/"

working, work, cul-

tivation, culture.

^^^6\^:
the
state

s.Gal.v. 20. Either like oortjJi'l':

and mind of a o^t\i,:
(1) as if it

(fj.v.)

or

some

sort of spiritual impurity.
s.

ooi^Cy:

tnJ07»:

was Di;uj£^_p.. from
place whei-e camels,

inf.

of i^cjro:: the kissing, a

kiss.

auf}axtQ: s. aof\ax3(^y:

hW^:
mules,
(2) i.g.
it

to bind.

Any
q.v.

line, rule.
s.

or horses are tied (and

unloaded).

a

ruler,

instrument for making

oof|^._p:

Vid.

1

Chr. xxix.

where

lines or rules.

stands for

o«A"<;.^:
;

sigifying malericilsfor

uuiiai}Qy:
piisturing.

s.

pasturage, place for grazing and
xxxii.
2.

building.

Num.
id. inf. act.

_P:
4.

Amos vii. 7 P^^flC^^y: t?D/yYl "measure for measuring the building."
instrument and materials with a place where, any work (tl6.:) is therefore, instrument, organ, tool, works.

trofiaoQ^:
ouflinj'l":
ao^arj-'i-.

Job xxxix.
esp.

Rad. rtowj^::
hearing, sense

'^^tli-y^

of fio^::

wliich, or

and act of hearing,
the being heard),
xxxiii. 19.

answer to prayer.
hearing
(i.e.

done

;

inf. pass, of

Ttl^l"

house,

fabric,

manufactory,

laboratory,

&c.

answer to prayer.

2 Chr.

tnjfimi'l-:

inf.
s.

of ?irtorq:: sorcery, witchcraft.
; sense, faculty,

^

Rad. fli.:: o^tli.^: idem.
'^CJ''- Ezra vi.
s.

Rad. ?irt^.:
4.

trs.

instead of "«(*|<J,

P;

a. v.

t^oftw^JP:

hearing

organ, in-

f^^i^'iy:

burnt-offerinn.

h\

this, as in

the

: :

trofi^^:
Hebrew
altfjr

.

.

.

avfi'fifinyi

(

25

)

ooil-"f

:

..

.

ourtl^^:
collection,

Tt7)},

the idea of ascending to the
like
2-1.

are collected.
reservalorij,

P(D^:i:—- -the
flT:

(Eth.

Vd.1:
XV.

the&brew rh^)
1

of water."
the erring, failing, error.

pre-

ooi^."!-: inf. of

vails.

Num.
s.

Sam.

xiii. 9.

Ofifi^:
animal
mast.
earth,

inf.

of ?i"lT: misguidance, seduction.
tick,

ODflx <5.:
yfofif^:
s.

vulgar Arab.
beam,

L-).j.ai^

change-money,

^nfl't-is. a

and money in general.
posi,

Ezra vii. 20. wooden pillar,

or insect which lives upon matter; found generally in the
Tigr.

and also on several animals.
s.

Exod. xxvi. 26.

Isa. xxii. 23.

oq«lrtn.^: s. excitement to thinkincj, Rad. Ki^rtn:: Vid. ^^nn::
trofl'PA:
OA'^T':
(1) "
inf.

memorial.

ai)fi'l-at]ry:
&c.

place

^nd means for

instruc-

tion; i.e. school, school-material, school-hook,
esp.

of rt'I'A::

the lianging,
crucifix.

crucifixion (of Christ),
'-f.

cros.s,

P—

Had. riflTo^dL"
a.

oufiT'^tlA:
mjfl-l-uf^^:

Eth. gracious.
Eth,
scornful,

Ex. xxxiv.
the

6.

"c/«!/

of

the cross,
(2) "

or Crucifixion,"

a.

scorner,
1 1

Good Friday"
more

Friday" in general,
Christ's cruci-

mocker, derider,

scoffer, hanterer.
inf.

Prov. xxi.
s-

as

day of remembrance of

o^flTfl^.P: and
ciliation,

^mfltfl^X"-

recon-

fixion; (3)

especially the festival of the

and

meam

of reconciliation; expia17.

invention of the cross by Helen, mother of
Constantine.

tion, mercy-seat,

p — ^inT:
:

throne of grace, offering for

" cross-flower"

a.

reconciliation.

Ex.xxv.

Rad. ?vf|Tf84P

=

flower

which usually blossoms about the

Vid. rt4P::

time of the latter festival, i.e. middle of September, and the whole of the plant is
burnt on the
festival.

"oflTflC^posed
ix. 17.

^'^J-

conciliating, conciliatory, dis-

P—

to be reconciled.

Ex. xxxiv.

7.

Nehem.

:

PG^'. & certain

red and beautiful bird, called 'Cross-bird''

by the Abyssinians. ;^aoi^«|»A: V. denom. 2 Sam. xxi. (i. crucify.
oijfi'lJiro'P:
(i.e.
inf.

of'jfSJ'rtn.y : and (njfi:Ml'f1JP: s- memorial, a means of reminding. Had. 'f\Cl^fltl'- Vid.

to

suspend,

hung,

"^fll"*?

A

:

inf.

of

^iflTT A "

comprehension,

of ?ifl<l»£™ni:: the setting
sit)

making
s.

to

down.

PW^i —

understanding.

iqflt'CD't': and
looking-glass.

sometimes oijfi^P'^:

s.

" looseness of bowels," " diarrhoea."

The Abyssinians use so to

oiif|'|>Jp:
wall, to

peg, piece of

wood stuck into the

hang things
inf-

on.

Any
::

tiling

which

denominate every glass-table aiid glasswindow, not being used to articles of glass.

serves for this purpose.

oofif:
the exciting to

s.

canal, channel, ditch, aqueduct.

Ex.

°^fl4*""r"r
t^^rt'O:
inf.

:

of ?ifl't»™")

vii. 19.

anger, exasperation, irritation.

owfi£:

MusANNA,

s.

Tigr.

-nrtr: a
:

tree,

grow-

of

2\rtn:

the thinking, reflection,

ing chiefly on the eastern confines of Tigre

consideration.

and the Shoho country

its

bark

is

taken as

•"jr*"!!: and qui^-rfi; s. a straw basket, wide above and narrow at tlie bottom, having a flat rim below to stand upon, into which they put their thin cakes of bread a bread-basket,
:

a powerful remedy against the tape-worm. The Shohos call it'Tl-ou^:: Vid. f« 1^"- and

o«fiS.:and
xxxiv. 22.

cnojiw^j,:

2 ICings xx. 14.

2 Chr.

(diSerent from 'I>9"'nccL:
orort'flrt'n:
collection.
inf.

q-v.)

Vid.

au^w^::
Ps,

of rtnrtfS:: the gathering,
:

PA'fl
s.

oiJrt^: V. n. to be miserable, frail, feeble.
cvii. 17.

:

"devotion."

frofi-flrt-fl^P:

place

where, or vessel in

•rortl'?*:
fiddle.

s.

a stringed instrument,

harp), lyre,

which, or instrument by which, any tilings

oursrVl^: O^rtrYl^:
s.

.

.

l^flO:

(

26

)

mjilHl:
inf.

?i00rt*ll:

place

and means far
offence.

stumblin;/,

"'Ji^HT:
trs.
i.e.

of ?iOlHV:: griff, mortification.

stumbling-block,

trop.

Rad. "f l^f

the grieving, mortifying,

which one

YlA:: Vid. niTRA" O^rirVlJP: id. trs, Ezek. xi. 18. 0"fll<{.: s. a cloth which is wound round the liead or the loins, botli sharvl and girdle or
scarp.

causes.

Vid. 2\Hi::

'P^^^'. s. & adj. (1) a person or thing that is resembling (Rad. oort A :) therefore (2) ge;

nerally, kind, species.

When

applied to per-

Ex. xxviii. 39.
Vid.

sons, it is often used ironically with con-

U^iWx:: 7»il0::
•"'flil:
tn>«rt,1r|
s.
:

•F'M'X::

a grassy place, meadow, pasturage.
s.

viunic,

any musical instrument.

•roj^^l:
rat,"

s.

musk.
is

which

^5'^ 'musk : 7\x-"^frequent at Massowali, and at

P—

: "something like a Prt(D': "not really a man," "a contemptible man," "afellow" insensumalo. PPCii

tempt;

e.g.

man"

i.e.

"

y^il^: "a kind of birds." "^r!P"T: s. Eur. Mission, the
&c.

Missionary cause

other places on the coast of the

Red

Sea.

OO-flVbArfl:

s.

Eur. muscle. him,

onoi^^.n::
testified for

inf.

of

Ti^^fl:: calumniation,

in-

wrtYl^:
mony.

V. a. to testify, be witness, give testi-

veighing, abusing, railing, calumny, blasphemy.

O^ClTi^fV^- "he

(in his favour)."

—n

Vid. n.i^n::

""f

:

"

he

testified against

•^"^^Ki
person.

:

s.

a
of

vagabond,

rover,

a

useless

him,'" or " witnessed a thing."

•t-auj^Yl*!^" pass,

to

be witnessed, or con-

^i^RRw^'lg"]:
tion,

iiif-

i'l'lKK"

persecution.

Vid.

firmed by witnesses.
2\f|CTOrtYl<^:
trs.

& caus.
n.

to

cause another to

inf.

witness, to bring in witnesses.

bringing up.
Si

of Ki^J^T: the training, educaVid. ?ig*l::

9^flYlC.'.
testi_fier.

s.

in.

&

witness, testimony,

and

uqi^j^°j_p:
8zc.,

institution

means and place for training for training young persons,

f^f^flYldfP^- MASKARRAM, s. the fivst Abyssinian month, beginning the 10th or 11th of

seminary, boarding-school, &c.

""rt'll:
to

V. n.

verbale, derived

from Til:
to

g.v.

our September, and continuing to the same
days in October.

be glorious, praiseworthy,

be glorified,

praised, &c.

*F^(lViQyi"testimony.

s. state

and

deposition of a witness,

"

X'lH.h'nrh.C: ,P""fl'n: God be jyraised, glorifed Gen. ix. 26. The
!''''

Isa.

liii. 1.

usual form of expressing thankfulness to God,

O^flVl't':

s.

Eth.

pi.

*lDil'n^">:: any opening,

both in divine worship and in
versation, like "tliank
ful,"

common

con-

artificial hole ;

or artificial cavity in a wall,
in Abyssinia).

God!" or "I
"

am

thank(hast

generally used for our ivindow (a thing which
is

&c.

;

e.g.

KUf^qtJ'J:
!

Have you

not

common
s.

thou) passed the night well?" the same as
destitute,

•?isf|Yl,T:

& adj.

Eth. and Ar. poor,

our "Good morning "
di.C: .PLO^ftTl::

Answer,

yi°lH.?'i'll

object of pity, generally

used as an expression of
Isa. Ixvi. 2.

pity and compassion. Ps. xxxv. 10.

oortYlCD:
J^oortYlfl):
*'**'rt.0>'9'*:
s.

"Thank God!" "Have you slept well?" then the same is, with some variation, repeated over
and over again,
^i^oO|*ni:
honour),
thanks, thank,
inf.

^Ur^ryi:

V. a. to

ruminate.

Lev.

xi. 3.

to nausea.
to

Eur. museum.
of fl(S)d,-- hiddenness, secresy.
thing,

V. a.

honour,

glorify,

return

tmfKDC,:
Job

inf.

to praise, to

distinguish (with

xxviii. 11.
'

mjcrortTi::
in
is

An

expres-

°^fl(DC,y

s.

retirement.

means and jjlace to hide any Gen. iii. 7.

sion not unfrequent

sliowing grati7ii"lH.?i'nflt.C:
glorify thee!"

tude towards persons

7°ttO:

Vid.

g^M^T^::

_poDf|"|'liJ:

"may God

!

ToortTl:

.

.

.

2\<nih:

(

27

)

?ifl"«n: .•

"^HA:

J^jpaTJrt"rt^9": "he does not praise me," "does not acknowledge (my merits, serAn expression of complaint vices, &c.)" of servants over their masters, &c.
•j'Oort'lS: pass.
inf.

«T: or— HhT: or— fiT: or— h^
IJhT
:

according to the person or persons
suffix.

meant by the

"God be

praised!

outrortT^::
trs. to cause

have you passed the evening well?" Then follows a whole series of repeated alter-

?ifl*'^rtli= caus.
guish, confer

and

another

nate salutations.

The time when this form

to be glorious, to glorify,

honourably distinattribute excellency
inf.

upon and
Ex.

of .salutation begins, is after sun- set, and continues so during the night.

&e. to another.

viii. 22.

nqflt^"

J^fjtroil

:

im.:
'/"fl^f
:

evening.
glory,

s.

f raise, thanks, thanksgiving,

Oe-ytink-niKC.-)

caus. to cause to pass or spend the O) : " may he nS.iii'-- J?ft «« <«««« yo" (^^^ ^^'

h

song of jtraise, &c.
^P^fll'^i- adj. praised, glorious, glorified, praiseworthy, blessed ; and, in the Amliaric translation of the Bible, often for happy.
O'ofn.lcj;': inf. of 1^1 j^:: the

spectable, honourable persons) to pass the

when

evening v;e]\" a form of expression used parting with each other before and

Ps.

i. 1.

not long after sun-set our " good evening
:

"

boimng to a person
;

tn/j^^: MASHELA,
ma'is.

in token of reverence, reverence, courtesy
chiefly prostration before

but

PHAiC: —

s.

Indian-corn, Turkish-corn,
:

the Egyptian species of
a great variety of
it

God

or man, &c.

that grain.
in Abyssinia.

They have

•"jflT^K"-

^-

Ar.

SsA^,

place of worship for

In Tigre they have the follow-

Mohammedans, Pagans, and Jews. CFOfn^: s. place where, and thing whereon
prostrate oneself ;
e.g.

to

"a

carpet," "mat," &c.
Isa. Ixv. 4.

ing sorts: (1) "l^^n.A': GE^SBIL00, is not white, and is used for brewing beer. (2) /\_p G)C^' AJtwARDA, is mixed red and white, and
is
is is

Ex. xxiv.

4.

"place of worsliip"
the

used for making bread.
perfectly

(3)

*P^:

wats'X,
KAiicno,

o^rtril'"!': inf. of rtfn::

giving, donation,

white.
(5)

(4)

^jKtt»:

presentation, gift, present.

Ex. xxviii. 38.

quite

red.
(i.e.

90^.: o^fJA:
is

tsaeda

fX»ri<5.C^

••

s-

^ measure.
object,

Gen.

xviii.

Rad.

MASiiELA

white mashela),

not so white

as the wats'a.

In Shoa the following sorts

Tllrl.Ci''
honouring.
'•

s-

means, or place of disRad. Tv^ti^d,-- Vid. T\d.^--

are found

:

(1) (Dlt!^.

waggare.
(3)

(2)

"JCI^:

GORONDJO, with large
white. white.

•J^ifdS.CJ? s- object and means of terrifying. Ezek. xxix.9. B.vid. T'iti&.&.r. Vid. ^^::
0'^fl<5.3^:
s. axel,

P'h'P' ' "K V£v. YAK^uM EHHEL, has a long stalk, and is
fruit.

(4)

tCli^^'t"

:

tch'arak'it, perfectly

puncher, punch, bodkin.

Rad.

(5)

*}»fnf^:
(6)

katt'ato,

is

mixed

f\^:

" to

sew."

Ex. xxi.

6.

white and red.
(7)
fruit.

Hl^^:
KoLiY,

z^vngada, is red.

«"f|^T: s. Eth. pl.cra«^^1-T:: prince,ruler. Num. xxiv. 17. Prov. vi. 7. OD^d^^j^: ou
•1^11': Ethiopic
Judges."
title

?\tp.^.: atchera, short stalk and large
(8)

IfA.^:
(9)

long, red,

and

of "the

Book

of

good for beer.
long
;

_^T«i,: Jattare, stalk the fruit not as the other mashela, like

oofj:
is

V. n. to be evening.

^^C.: o^h"

it

grapes, but hanging
threads.
black, has

on separate hairs or
smell,

evening.
:

(10)

T4^<^^:

^oofj V. a. to pass the evening, e. g. ^iJ fooh^'lhT: (for ^tlf: ^lOoh-TlhlO
"have you passed the everdng well?" or, " have you entered upon the evening well .^"
instead of our "good
evening.''''

an agreeable

tekuerlta, is and is good
:

for bread.
(12)

(11) >i£J,: ?»je.^ri

eff ailusii.

au'jrp^:

mantsha're.

The HrhQ:

Answer:

"^JIA: is not reckoned with these soi-ts, but considered as separate. The Abyssinians prefer the white mashela to the rest.

;

ot»|Timj-"t-:

.

.

.

ooJlpT":

(

28

)

frtjjl^p:

...an^f^m:

oofiffO'V: inf. of JT^'r: and Thf^T" ""' buying and selling, trade, commrrrp. *"*i'io«3p: s. subject, means, nnd place of trade and commerce, therefore (1) merchandise (2) money or barter, as cJUTt-f: and OTi«7& ::
shop or other place of commerce. ^pX\d,'• V. n. to be bridegroom or bride,
(3)
to

•"Jh^:

s.

glue, lime.
s.

"«^i>r*^.:

pocket.

Bl.
sale.

ooJXT:

inf.
s.

of ti,(V\:: the selling,
veil.

O'^n^i':

covering, curtain,

Ex. xxxiv. 33.

aO'»!>: adj. tvarm.

au^fp::

s.

paste, cement.

marry.

o^^:: a
s.
s.

sack, large hag,

made

of coarse cloth;

f»'h<5.:
9t»i^(^:

bridegroom.

0O'ri«5.P.'t:: bride.

a disease

of

tlie

glands of the

neck.

a kind of black and very coarse woollen cloth made in Abyssinia, the only species of their wool manufactures. Gen. xxxvii. 34. In
Shoa, it is called 'HT'lt'" qofj*: v.n. /o/jezcarm. Ps. xxxix.
J\qn«|>: v.
trs. to
s.
:

trohtt: and ooj^fj'^t-:

inf.

of

hil:

to flee, re-

treat ; the fleeing, flight, escape.

3.

O^fl"!:
asylum.

s.

flight, retreat, place
s.

of retreat.

make warm.

^^^'(\^'^^'

Not being accustomed
i.e.

place of retirement, hiding-place, to pockets in

fTOfpf^rfo^i

oo'l'A'nA'n
storm.

a large knife. Gen. xxii. C. probably a gale of wind, gust,

clothes, the

Abyssinians called our pockets
"hiding-place for the

also mashashagyaii,

OD^A"^:
cover
foi'

s.

a convex earthen plate used as a
^.
t-.

things which a person carries with him.'"

the ou")'J:
s.

and Tigr. evening; sometimes used in Amh., where 'you have more commonly trq^:: oufi^i s. place where the evening and the night
Onri'*l': Eth.
is

f^^^A*^:

instrument and place for melting,
&.C.

founding, crucible, foundry,

Rad.
it

^AfTl"

^^^'I^^A&JP:
ing up,
loop,

s.

instrument for shutting up, lock-

lock, key.
it is

Ex. xxvi.

5,

stands for

passed, lodgings, inn, tavern. Act. xxviii. 15.

and

also generally used for button

It is
pi.

used for translatins: the Ar. Ljl^=- as fne-

and

button-hole.

Rad.
s.

^ti^-the yellow, bitterish

from ^Ls- khan, karavanzerTii, &c. ooi^'^: inf. of "K"!— u-ant, need, requisite,
cessaries, desire, request.

aD«i>ao«|»: makmvk'o

root of a plant which, together with cori-

ander-seed and onions,

is

put into butter
it

when

9^iTl":

s. u-ife,

married woman.
Z'.'iis.

melting, in order to preserve
ing- stroncr

from becom-

"^ttfi:

n. pr. Ar. translation of ^jj^j
:

^5jiJo (purchaser)
ter's sfcir.

so the Arabs call Jupi-

crD^«^_P: any tiling
ii. 6.

s.

and untastable. place where, or means whei'eby

A/anc/s.

PGp;^: mi^ipjy:

Eccl.

Vid. Acts xiv. 12.

" pond,' " pool,'" " marsh," " mire." Rad.

ooi'i'l-'l': inf. of

hTT:

odour, smell (emis-

sion of smell).

aotpSMJfJj,:
smelling, smell, i.e.
:

s.

(1) seat.

Ex. xxv.

13.

wrongly

aqfj-l">:

inf.

sense of smelling.

of hX\'\"VVid. fj
s.

for

ooj^Yl9"^::
:

(2) buttocks (as

means of
Gen.
(2)

TT

:

sitting).

Rad. •fTt^Ofn::
s.

oufj'}: and crafil:
Matt.
iii.

fan, uinnowing-shovel.

ilo^WJQftxii. 17.

punishment, chastisement.
«I>UI<5.::

12.
s.

Isa.

xxx. 24.

Rad.

aoillri9"JP:

hand-barrow, any instrument

ao^Q^QYiS.
^:
ao^^T-j: fem.

{\) small fire-tongs.
;

In

for carrying things. Yid.'fl'fl"""
tnjY\hj1ri''f. inf. of
horses,

Shoa, a small anvil

tongs being called
substitute."
s.

p"^
Ex.

Kr^tl""!"

the neighing of

fLH: "the hand's

the clucking of hens.
inf. of V''^PlIi"- H"^ commerce, trade.

— Hf:

candle-stick.

au^pV.selling,

buying and

xxv. 31.

ao^^tSl:

s.

instrument or place for engraving^

.

.

ao^^OEt,:

.

.

.

inj4>^^9ii:

(

29

)

tro^K^J?'

"^"^yRad. "I'^OW::

stamping, minting,

the mint, stamp, engrav-

another, emulation, contention.

ing

tool,

&c.
s.

Rad. «r<i^m: or «1><;X::
cutting

mj^lj^g^y:
and
der.

s.

the Abyssinianizcd i_JiJl« rud6.

tro^^^fXl,:

instrument,

knife,

Ezek. xxvii.

place where things are cut.

Rad. ^d.iii-'
iii.

tra^&:

instrument or vessel for drawing water

mj^j^cq,:
" valley

id.

P—

:

(D'i'li: "cutting valley,"

OT any other fluid, bucket.

John

iv. 11.

Rad.

of

decision,'''

Joel

14.

Rad. "f

S
av^dlCys-

4m::
tnJ«I>fl:

Vid.4»"«^m::
s.

instrument for counting, esp.

ot>^^^Q,y:
s.

waistcoat, jacket
^^^oLo, scissors.
s.

Ar.

Jer. xxxvi. 23.

ao^ltfo^:: Pt\^^: i.q. rosary, " instrument for counting hours," i.e. waich or
clock,

—"

oii4Hi|^<|H.fi:

poker.

&c.
s.

antpfpy:

s.

kitchen,

and

kitchen-utensil.

Rad.

au^'Y'i:
xvii. 27.

fishing-hook.

Rad. 3>mi:: Matt.

•f^A:
t"'«J>f)^:

Ezek. xlvi. 23.
inf.

of

"T'lTIA"

reception, receipt,

onj^fHy:
Rad.

s.

Job xl. 25. means for burning, fire-brand, fuel

acceptance.

T^'mA"
.

"^'PflAy: and more

generally

»u^nj?:
Rad.
"t"

means and instrument for

receiving.

'^S'fn^: means and jpZace for making fire. od UJ Num. xxviii. 10.: P Lev. iii. 1 1

:

a>'^: "the burnt-offering

altar."

2 Chron.

OO^'flC"
place.

^-

'omft,

grave, sepulchre,

hurying'^'"-

xxix. 18.

Rad.
s.

i\g>mA::
tool for, digging,
is

Gen.
-in,-;.
s.

xxiii. 4.

Rad.

^n<i"

j^

cm«JH.|5^^_p:

tilling

the

Heb.

ground; which, in Abyssinia,
tock: inEvLTO^e,
a.

a hook, mat-

O^'I'nC^:
ao'tl)^:
cnj<^-"j-:
s.
s.

any

</i»)^

used for burying, and

spade, shovel. Rad. 4*~d.«^"

hurying-grnund.

Gen. xxiii. 20. warmth. Rad. qD<|>::

ooq

:

s.

bloodless offering, Eth.

aan>» munus
:

sacrum quod ad altare
Lud. Rad.

affertur.

Ps.

li.

19.

chisel.

n%>t-

Eth.

Heb. «ia

Ar. ^b

00^-5
2}0sts

:

s.

door-posts.

—f

:

o^J^d^^
sill."

:

"doorxii. 7.

"to enter."

with threshold and
iii. 1. s.

Ex.

Nehem.
OD«I>^-"l':

f^TJA: s. food, nourishment, meat. Rad. flA:: o^ntVY". s. widow. Eth. >vn,iv./^'».

girdle, belt, sash.

OD'fiA^:
ii.

inf.

of

flA: the

eating, food, meat.
-^.r.

V^'Pit

adj.

&

s.

stubborn, refractory, perverse,

fiv-f\d.^:s. lightning.

Tig. nC*;^::

j_^
of

contumacious, peevish.

Rlicah

S.

Heb.

p-^l.
'

^''^ji^^s.
stinacy,

T T

Ex.

ix. 23.

stubbornness, refractoriness, obcnntumnr.y, peevishness.

perverseness,
16.

*^0'U&.^:
flO'.'

s.

light (Jnmen).

E.x. xx. 18.

inf.

Phil.

common

people often misplace the con-

i.

*"iTH6.: Ar.
004''"^:
for
s.

^^^

sonants, saying OBf^ci'V::
rudder.

Mark
vi. 21.

-vi.

48.

'"J'fl<5.'Y': inf- of

T\S\&.:: illumination.
light,

frying-pan, gridiron, any instrument

"^nCJ?:
i.q.

s.

means for giving

therefore

roasting, frying,

&c.

Lev.

Rad.

oa-n^.-!-::

ptrot^YlP-f : o^nC.^:

or

ptrot;TnP^:
: s.

^nC.^:

"l^f^-fl: light-

anqygrfoz
face.

inf.

•f^^on;
::

the being before, pre-

house for ships.
oii'fj«|>_p

place where

any thing grows,

Jer.

•J^^^fi
Ex. XV.

:

inf-

of •PJ^l'l

sanctifying, sanctuary.

xxvi. IS.

17.
id.

aoq^::
Amos
inf.
vii. 9.

*"'*l»K'l:

imqt^i^ffn:
vouring

of

T'T^K'?":
one another,
to

^''e

endea-

to he before

outdo one

s. moon. Num. x. 10. = Rad. Eth. n^'iS:: ooq^'j: s. the sudden starting from sleep. ^"''11^: s. means, place, and subject of eating.

ni^A: new P(DC:
Rad.

om^
•njj-: v.a.

:

.

.

.

OD-i-tnjaij-Y-;

(

30

)

«ro"*|'0ij'^ct:

.

,

.

ooj-fl)^:

to beat, strike,

k-nocL

Gen.

xii. 17.

tm^tnfi^^:
oo^oti'}:
OD^otil':
Vid. ?\005:

Eur. mathematics ; mathematical.
of •J^au\:
confidence,
trust.

J^j^l:
inf.

^'TO^A:
:

"he knocks

at the door."

inf.

mupj-j'-'i'::
pass, to he beaten.

1-oo^

object

of confidence.

Ps.

xl.

4: "X"!

i^P^'J"- used Isa. iii. 16, of a certain motion of the feet, to mince.
"torq-J-: used o{ the iremhling of the knees, to

H?v'fl(kC: ject of whose

oo5-oijf'(|>ii:
confidence is

p\y\: "tbe obthe Lord," i.e. " he

that trusts in the Lord.

knock against
the chariot,

eacli other,

Dan.

v.

6

;

also of

to roll awaij,

Nahum

ii. 4.

"^'"t'CJ^A.ji'T: Gr. fxcTpo-KoKtrri^. metropolitan. oa-^tX-fl: inf of^lin: (Vid. ?irtfl:) remembrance, recollection, memory, commemoration.

;^^f^iro^: caus. to cause to

on-^:

hundred,

strike,' beat, &c. oo-f-: Vi^ui^: or oo-^:

^

7"«1: "one hundred and fifty." OO""!-: coutr. from «7«(D'-'l': adj. Scs.dead.
pi.

OD^J^'J: Gen.

xxiii. 13.
tlie

""^-rtn.;?: and t^^^Jftl-il^ : s. memorial, monument. Synon. with mi'^rt'IlJP: which being derived from the causative ?i"Tlrtn;. signifies a thing which reminds you whereas
;

•n^^: grandmother on
'mother s mother.

mother's
5.

side, the

ooj-j^-fl^p:, from

its

passive origin, denotes

o^J":

s.

evening.

2 Tim. i. Gen. i. 5.

a thing by which any person, event, or thing,
is

remembered.
s.

Ex. xxviii. 12.

o^^:

s.

watchman
is

in the streets.

guard

called so,

InShoa,the who has to watch the

t"i'"r'3'A'

Ar.

Jlixo a weight, a

sum of
for the

entrance to the capital in the king's absence,
in order that no person enter or leave it without permission from the king's representative
:

money, ducat, sequin.

Gen.

xxiii. 15.

Heb. h^VJ,
oij'f--fl: Eth.

D™JOT'n:

s.

sign,

mark, especi-

also those

watchmen who watch,

ally thatmorA of Christian profession

by which

during the king's absence, the streets of the
capital

the Abyssinian Christians distinguish them-

by night,

in order, principally, to preleft alone,

vent the wives of his soldiers, thus
except
little children, to

from being seduced. They are to allow nobody,
be seen in the streets
after sun-set
fefo-fi':
a.

and during the whole night.
Gen.
ii.

death.

17.

Heb.niQ
Heb. n^J3

Ar.

from non-Christians, and widch cona cotton or silk cord hantjin"; on their necks. They prefer a blue silk cord to any other but in Shoa, where silk is rarer, they content themselves with even v;hite cotton. inj-f-^: s. a stand, properly for the mead- or beer-jar, standing on which the beverage is
selves
sists in
;

emptied.
qo'l': \.n. to die.

Exod. xxv.

27.

it

is

impro])erly

Gen.

ii.

17.

Ar.

cLU Eth. OUS^-T:: 9" J" A: s. Eur. metal.
awi-/\f\Q^y:
.

used instead of U^tlf*: "carrying-pole." OB^-t": s. i.(p cro-"i-(j,-t-: used in Shoa for
continual fever.

s.

jmssage, open wag, main road.

oxi'l'Yiy:
V

s.

plug, peg, esp. tent-pjeg.

Ex. xxvii.

Often with

00^7^:: pouTI^: «"TAA
Matt.
xxii. 9.

19.

Rad.

tYIA::
Every
first

^^:
Prov.

"passage of the road."
ii.

*"J'l7(pfl : D. pr. Matthew.

year of
called

15.

Cant.

ii.

9, it is

used, wrongly, for

the Abyssinians' four-years' cycle

is

"lattice-work."

Rad.TAA.^" Vid.hAd.::

Matthew, in honour of the Apostle,
saint.

whom
the

9"'"rrh'r:
hobgoblin.

s-

(0 spectre, apparition, phantom, Matt xiv. 26. (2) nervous head-

they probably consider as that year's tutelar
three other Evangelists.
of the leap-year.

Slioa. ache, megrims. (3) continued fever. av\-UTjai}^^ : passionate temper and disposition,
sul)jection
to

The other three are called St John
and ouj-tpo)^:
inf.

nftcnis

patron

the dominion of passions.
-.:

Rad.

OD^O)^:
'CTP-)-

of

foooo

:

and ^fuiiai}

Vid.

^troao::

and ^Tfl)*!*: acquaintance, friendship.
or
aA.A.:>'^~

^(D'p: The

:

OD^HTI:

tro-JA.t-:

(

31

)

"":JA^:
s.

9"'l:
1

objcctof theAbyssinians'

firstvisi't,

which they

tjojgi^:

Eth. hymn, nong.

Kings

iv. 32.

pay
or

to any person,

is

to apply for

oo^(D«J»:

0";iAP:

""^A^:
Canticles.

"Soiig of Songs/' the

oo^qpcD^:
inf.

with him.

Rad. ^i®"!*::

Book of the

Both this and the pre-

OD^HTrt:
Vid.
cro^'_|jf|:

of

^HH:

obedience, submission.

ceding word are derived from the Eth. verb

?iHH::
inf.

'JAP:
of

"io

sing,"''
s.

"to chant."

^^fl::

renewal, renovation.

aq'JfiC'
-ine.::

Eth.

society, congregation,

church.

Al. T.q2\.:

and
seal,

WV:

VlC.tfti^^i::

Rad.

••"^fD^*^:

s. fjirdle, belt, sash.

Ex.

xxviii. 4.

Vid.
$.

?in4"
stamp, type, art of print-

Rad. :^m'|>::
wash-pot.

Vid.

ml'::
c.

cnji^-l^qfO:

on^fD'flJP: and nn^«Kic»:
Ex. xxxviii.
8.

wash-basin,
Vid.

ing.

Rad. I'lJ'tnJ::
s.

Rad. ^I'Kfl:

aij'J'|"«yoc»:

instrument or place for seal;

2\Kn::

ing, stamping, printing
inf.

seal,

stamp, type,

ty-

ff^^^^:
Yl
:

of 't**}^:: spitting, vomiting.
ou'-y-:: adv. when? >ij*l whenf" "how long?" Ex. x. 3.

pography, print ing-ojjice.

Rad. 'Jl'OO::
Ex. xvi. 31.
the

OD^:: OD^:: and

uuf:

s.

Heb. |0.

manna.

:

"

till

ac}:

Job
jar.

vii. 4.

s. the reed on a weavers loom, where threads of the web pass through.

9^'f'^: and

to'}^^:
3.
s.

s.

pot, earthen pot

or

Ex. xvi.

o^£:

s.

Ar. \jj^ a larger harbour or port; a

o^^TnC,P=
1

nail,

and nailing instrument.
the hasting, haste,

smaller one, or anchoring-place, being called

Chr. xxii.

3.

Rad. ^iYl«^::

avcfl: or aacfl:
n^'J: pron.
int.

^^^.

*ro^Vb-A:
"^'iA.'t*:
2 Chr.

inf of

^Yl^A:
s.
:

masc.

&

fem.

who? which?
^^.

speed, diligence.
MAiiELih', Eth.

Ar. Eth. and Tigr. ooTf::
song,

hymn, music.

Heb. ]Q

vii.

6:

P


;

:

"5^3*

musical instrument

and

"lO.

and instruments, ^t: •'T? A.^: the outmost partition of the Church, where the congregation assembles

•T""}: pron.

int. n.

Eth. tni_

::

Tigr. «?n'5:

Ar.

U

Heb. nC,

which?

what?

«?OT:

corresponding

to

our nave,

?i A: " ichat is there ?" " what matters or con-

and consisting in a circular space surrounding the OD^^fl: where the priests are. This ajso forms a circular space which
surrounds the Holy of Holies,

cerns it?"
for itP"

yn-J: IKK^; " what do I care »?n^: ir\: " idiat has happened?" "what's the matter?" "J^T: (indi-

yyA:
and

^^fl:

4'jP,

stinct) "

how much ?" "what quantity
an
interjection:

.?"

Also

""n
is

:

where

tlie t;vbot

with the holy vessels

used

as

found."

The form

is this

9ni: ?\A-n^::

— :7KK'?::
:

"How much!"

:

^xl
all

N. door.

^^:
for," "

and the latter contr.
what have
I to

T^f"!^^:
" jvhat

synonymous expressions
ters it to

do

I

care

do with," or " what mat:

A9«:
"and

xxiii. 6. >kJtJ"^h. ^^'i: 7\fi'fV%: 'flfV: jet'ouo)^:

me ?"

Jerem.

Israel shall dwell, saying, IVhat do I
{i,e.

care for?"
'h's'^:
contr.

36.:

^^FA^

in security, midisturbedly.) " what have I (to dq) :

with thee?"

John ii. 4. ijoi; ^(Q^: and yoiay-: "Wtcf is the matter .=" "ivhj?"

thou

7°'i: \(D^: JitllT: hRd,1V: "why hast done this?" "jnTJ: JiouflAA:

S. door.

•/nl:

.

.

.

tfu'ixxi-f:

(

32

)

o^'i^l-t'.-1°'iV:
inf.

"what does

it

resemble?" "what

is it

like?"

n^T**! 'I' :

of

hl"i::
and

the

Uping up,

raising.

9"^: (5) do- Y\e\: " ahal. is the news?" 70 ^: oojtihCi,: '"Td.ArJAtJ: "whkh book doest thou want?" g^T: -flB.: A^owy-.
" for what (prop.
"

ODf £^:

inf.

of {°«^:: the dwelling, remaining,
i.q.

residing, abiding;

oof (^y: dwelling-

place, stay, abode, residence, habitation.

saying what ?") should I re'

i"i!i<2.A:

s. s.

Eur. mineral.
dwelling-place, abode, stay,
resi-

main?" Tw-J: AJLCO= ^''a< am I to do?' With prpposJ//ons A9"T: wherefore? what
;

ooff^_P:

dence, habitation.

for? why?

to

flT^I: OB^'iy-^: why?
fvherein?

what purpose? f|A: 9^1: and on what account,
(ll^'i:
lohereuith?
in

o«Trt'1': Mai.
Eth.

iv. 6.

probably for ora^iV-T:
present

temptation, trial, affliction.
s.

on what ground? for ivhat reason?

OUT"!::

1?>^":

:

made by an

infe-

7»Tj^: what character or capacity? Yiy^T: J«5.: with what? 90^: Ruthii. 10. probably desire, tvish, from

whereby?
like

rior to a superior, in token of respect.
xxiv. 53.
Ps. Ixxii. 10.

Gen.

90'}: as what?

what?

Rad. "h.^^:

\^:

Vid. l"!::

Other presents are »oinj/\^::

ndXi't"-

andlX: n<iVl^::
place for raising, lifting up.

the Eth.

ODiP:

"iu desire"

o^lil

:

means or

U^'i'. ^iAn't": and more generally •/«f ^: and 9°F^n^: adv. perhaps, probably,
likely.

AH

Judges XV. 17:

pira'i^J:

aij-^'fj;

"the

place of the raising the jaw-bone :" translation

onnhnD.
'P^'iY^:

oq'jfjo: pron. somebody, some person, any whoever ; and with negation
:

one,

and fem. 'P^'iP^'p: ague,

tertian in-

none, nobody, no

ter mitteni fever.

one. aiJITD; J^^ouoiiyo: "nobody came.'" sjW^^Oi pron. something, any thing : and with

^^^'i'P£v'- inf- of

ifl'A" transplantation, trans-

mutation.

negation;

nothing,

e.g.

fpt'ifju: 2\/\j^^

O^'5'PA:

T^H; "he
sio\axi\z

did nothing."

V. n. to be useless,

naughty, worthless,

s. jar, 7iater-poi. 1 Sam. xxvi. 11. an'^'P^'pi^-.s.any thing that jmts into motion. : any subject at which persons shake i.fl :

good for nothing, powerless. J^'oo^oo^: trs. to render
wade, &c.
^I^i-l-:

their heads.
useless, to

Ps. xliv. 14.

weaken,
seat, chair, throne.
sife

KO'J^I: yao\
the bones," Prov.

And meton.

the person that

9*TA:
xiv. 30.

"envy wastes
worthless,

on a seat

;

applied to the royal court of
(in Slioa

justice,
(1) adj.

whose members
called

but three or
^id.

•yofgn"^;
useless,

naughty, futile.

good for nothing, Matt. xii. 36. (2) s. va-

four) are
.

thrones

((D^flC^'O
i.

CD^nC• ^^^

^^^ Bpovoi, Coloss.

16.

Rad.

Ps. lii. 7. nity, nuuyhiiness. ijn'jjjo'j: pron. with negat. nothing whatever

\nd,: Eth. tro-jn-n: and tnjTo-fl: inf of \Ulli and

(stronger than

gn^^a:)
weak-

?i%nn: the
ou'Jj':
s.

act of reading.

•yof"!ja'5'^"'|>: s. uselessness, worthlessness,

twins.
s.

Gen. xxv. 24.

ness, futility, vanity.

Job

xi. 11.

^^^'i^f\.'getting up^

rabbit,

and

hare.

aiJlU|-"f-:

inf.

of

f i*^::
Vid.

rising:

breaking up.

^£^:—:
of
:

"the being van-

aoTTlriTVl:? Jobxli. 23. Rad.TYlTYl: g.f. V^'i^^'- s. earthen jar or pot, esp. boiling-pot.
Vid. gii=f

quished, overcome."

\^::
(1) the
lifting

^

::

Ex. xvi.

3.

avr^ui'V(2)

inf-

7i^:

YHv.

up.

K^fl'd)': fem. aqftpiit!: any
that, ivhoever, whatever.

who,

any

the

kissing

one's

hand,

(a

Lev.

ii. 1.

courtesy in token of respect as well as friendship, very common
(4)

cro5J:

V. a.

to despise,

contemn,

abhor, detest.

in Abyssinia.)

(3) refusal.

(Lud.)

S^£i '

• '/'^' I

anquishing, conquest, tictory.

•jo'i^: pron.

adj.

interr.

i.q.

oirovros;

how

:

;

omiVi:
(jualified ?

.

.

.

awi^}:

(

33

)

aui'q^'-f:
:

.

.

.

ooi^s.fi:

what manner of? (Lud. Very
Ex. xxxviii.
s-

sel-

oo'5"|M'^
cally;

s.

kingdom.
it is

Gen. xx.

9.

With a

dom
ovryri

used.)
:

genitive case
3.

often constructed Ethiopi-

s.

spoon.

Rad. 1V|

::

*"*lYl-^.1frC=
•which

(0

-A-ny

kind of carriage

by means of

rollers or wheels

moves

from one place to another. (2) An iron sort of moveable and portable fire-j>laces, two to three feet square, resting upon iron feet with
or without rollers.
i.?-

tro'i'^fVT: >»"IH.?»-nt!ii.C" f|tnj_p^: "the kingdom of fjv^'qfiju'\-z :: God," ";/ie kingdom of heaven." Rad. inf. of n^-. and tfl tm'ilC.: and
e.g.

onn^:

HW
,

i^\: the speaking.

aqfjCP:
a
letter,

s.

means and organ of speaking ;

as,

(3) cross-beam of

a house,

a message, &c.

Num.

xxii. 7.

;

rt^T\: which word
q-v.

also is used for car-

""OTJi^^: Ar. ^JjJusn^
Jer. xxxii. 24.

catapult,

engine for

riages.

(4) Eccles. xli. 6. it is

used for wheel.

Rad. 7\i\V-CX^^d,-

in

Lud. Lex. ^Eth.
to

s.v.Yl-«i4" O^lVh-ll: V. n. to enter become a manic or nun.
q«fVl'-J*I:
id. pi.

throwing weapons when besieging any place. wrongly o«n.^: cli. xxxiii. 4. ^IT'sJ.T'C" murmuring, murmur, inf. of J\

into monastic

life,

'5>d.>4"
otJ'j']j[»-:
s.

Vid.

T <l>4"
"

way, road, passage.

:

Q^iln rt.: s. ij.ovayos,monl{.ie.va. qo^^l
1^^-:: and qwr"»lVl'-fi-r::

T\^&.'

rt.'t':

nun.

"piassenger,"

"a
i.

passer-by,"
e.

qorTR-ft-t-: and
Eth.

qnrVl

PTl-M*:
main

:

" king's road,"

high way,"

road.

ou-jYI CLIi

s.

the jaw, jaw-bone.

& Tigr.
life,

Num.

XX.

1 7.

Rad.

Y}^ ::
is

f^^'^I^V-

s.

one that

on the road,

traveller,

trolYlfl::

"""iYT-rif: and
nasticism.

—fli^:
\(IP:
;

passenger.

monastic

mo-

9°'k(D-:
t"Jil-tU
:

i-q-

9»1:

Vid.

gwi::
smack, clap

^^^Tr^^: s, jaw, jaw-bone. Ps. Iviii. Shoa it is used also for molar tooth.

6.

In

and tnjjff u

^trojTi:
mouth.

V. trs. to

hold or

to

open anotlier

s

v. a. to clash,

with the tongue at eating.
to animals only.

Is applied in

Shoa

•^IfrSAniAJ?:
thing
&c.
is

fo'n-lC^
'P^'YHC,-

s. any thing by wJiich somesuspended; therefore, hook, chain,

s-

aduUerer.
adultery.
a. to

Ex. XXV. 31. xxviii. 13.
s.

3.

J\CFDi}-J4: V.

commit adultery,

•''^'iflicq,:

turning and polishing.

^"''SS ^'-

•'^i'-

s-

Ji'ij^o pi. (JjJULo handkerchief,

o^^EQ.:
or

V. a.

lathe, instrument for Rad. inifTI :: to spring from a source, /oun<<(?n,

a turners

esp. pocket-handkerchirf.
Isa. iiL 23.

Amh. OtJ^ ^rytsjp
xxxi. 10.

;

well.
s. s-

9^1^:
Num.

fountain, source,

rvell,

spring, origin.

"^1"C-

^* ''^^loge.

*f IRC=
does

Ar. 8,1^, any

ojitic

instrument, such
Piad.

"lu/Mf is this?"

he want ?

'

'

Tigr,

_gd.A^^: "what 9" ^ :^.e
:
:

as spectacles, telescope, microscope, &c. Eth. iKd,::

OO'}^^:
.

inf.

of l^*!*:: the muring, building
s.icall.

f^'iiiQ.: and •?n^^£J,:
out (Vid.

s.

any thing spread
lie

with slone,clay, or brick ; making awall:

iK^:)

for a person or thing to
covch,
bed,
carpet,

9^^K^
Ixxi. 20.

^^^-

^'

o^'c/ion, distress, trouble.

Ps.

upon;

tlierefore

sopha,

Tiie same in the name bab-el-mandeb,

" the gate of affliction."

OCJ^^: inf. of \^^
xi. 35.

:

the burning, conflagration.

divan; any layer of wood, stone or earth, for heaps of luggage or other things to rest upon. Gen. xlix. 4. Ezek. xxiii. 41.

Uif^,y^'^: fire-place, fire-pot, stove, oven

Lev.

""l^fl:
of ld.rt:

s.

pi.

Eth.

ODf^f,^::
of.

spirit.
;

The
inf.

Hos.
s.

vii. 4.

same etymology as
Gen.
xiii. 5.

in other languages

ov^p-.

flock, herd.

" to

breathe."

Heb. 2?D2

soul,

oo'}^i^<Ij:...aijX^:
from
^jJJ
U)D3

(

34

)

obIti;

troh-n-n

:

"he breathed." Ar.

W^
;

id.

from

" to breathe."
itvEU)
;

nii aud ^^j

irvevfta,

KT-: id. f^o^ V. a.
:

Ex. xxv. 26.
<o praise, extol, glorify, (not

much

^irxrj from v/ru^td spiritus from anima and animus from animo, &c. Gen. i. 2. xli. 38. au-J^rt; "J\-IH.?i-nth,C "6pmf of God," Matt. xii. 23. oo'j^jfi oarS.fjV ^jeLfl: " the Holy SpinV."
spjrt),

from

used).

1'OoV|:
self, to

V. refl.

& pass,

to glory,

praise one-

boast.

Ps. V. 11.

C"iri-On: "the miclean spirits" Markiii. 11.

YlrtTfi: oofQ^n-t-: "from the (or His) seven spirihr Rev. i. 4.

s. pi. ooIts^ E: and ooVi/^:: a certain weight, the quantity of which is not yet ascertained. 2 Kings v. 23. Vid. Ludolf. odYiotj^J; s. collection, and place of collection,

""IriA.-l': Eth.

reservoir, receptacle.

Lev.

xi. 36.

Job

xxi. 32.

"""S^O^: aoj. spiriiual.
"D*?^.^: Eth.
tV.tyJV
:

pi.

c»o"i<i^i^<i>.y-}::
/(a//.

Rad.

f Yloq=f::
id.

Vid.YlofJ'f'::

f.7.

"KYl-A.^:

era-Tt^.{.:

oqri«ni5=:

Rad. ftYl^i^'" 2 Chr. xxxii.28.

midnight.

Acts xx.

7.

Rad. Eth.
the long-

'^fo'nd^: v. a. to advise, give advice, counsel.

14.1'"

'I'ao'fld.- pass, to be advised, receive counsel.
inf-

"«f <5.^:
f^f^i'^'P-

of

f d.f

:

and Trd.*!':

fo^Yl^:
to

v, a.

&

recipr.

to give advice,

and
with

ing, desiring, desire.
s.

counsel

among each

other.

schismatic, heretic.
ix. 7.

PL IIDJ"^^

•X-ooTriyi^: recipr.
one another.

to counsel, deliberate

1: Prov.

*^^f^^i'"r: s. heresy, error, schism. OU\^J\'i inf. of i4,-- the blowing up, puffing up. oofity: s. bellows. Num. xxxi. 23. Shoa: G)

2\tlouYi^:
council,

caus. to bring on, to cause

an

advice or counsel, to appoint or

summon a

recommend for

deliberation.

r^:: Rad.
"^'Id.^:
s.

•rr4.:: Vid. I4,:: any. instrument for airing, fanning,
&-C.

*'oYl<5.:
trial,

s.

affliction, distress, trouble, tribulation,

&c.

:

producing or increasing idnd ; tlicrefore/a?!, Kinnowing-ylate ((Tl'i&JX'-),

eaten trouble,"
tress (a

i.e.

flAU': literally, "I have "have had trouble or disexpression).

very

common

:''t"*I»

on^:

V. a.

Eth. tro^p:: to desire, long for, &c.
JSIore frequently the following,

Little used.

flA: "he received distress, suffered." t'^YlC- ^- fio'i'^fst, crop, gathering in of
Lev.
xxiii. 22.
s.

crops.

•t-oof*:

to desire, covet, lust after,

(used chiefly
inf.

•for concupiscence, carnal desires),

«o

ooVj^:
9°YtC,-

counsellor, adviser.

qo^:

abusive epithet: fellow, churl, rascal, mean,
2

counsel, advice.

P — 1^:
:

and

HA:
to

:

i.q.

ouVj^J: counsellor, adviser.
v. a. to try,

base, xvorthless person.

Kings

ix. 11.

q"Yl-*^: and qnYlr^: Shoa.

put

i/n^'f-:

s.

sleep; aud place of rest, bed.

Rad.

the trial, to tempt, attempt.

Al.

&^\::

fY::
qali-r
:

s.

baseness, meanness, churlishness.
s.

ifoy^tfo-i:

Etk

<fte

fce/ierer.

PI.

«?»>»?»
ci. C.

fi:; Ar. ^;*.
ilvL

S,s>

Rad. 2\iroi:: Ps.

«njY>^.Yl^C= Vid. OB'jVh/J.ln'-CoaVhflTC^ Eth. and Tigr. i.q. the following. f"*1ry"flTC.P- ^* I'Toom, sweeper, brush. More frequently ouX-4°|^:: Rad. Ybfj'T*;: Eth.
" to sweep, brush."
'

aq>iVlA:Eth.s.i.g.tnj"TlA: andaoTiVlA::
middle, centre.

""llrtf'-s. Tuesday. Eth.

&

Tigr.

WA-fl::
'

aq-^YlA*£:
mediate;
s.

Eth.

adj.

middle, central, inter-

"^YinCP'
M\l\d,:

mediator, agent.

Heb.

ix. 15.

Al.

ornament ; means, and subject of Gen. xx. 16. glorifying, honouring. Rad.
^'

aq-Ji^: and ar/_^:
eating.

s.

fable esp.

prepared for
fern,

O^iin'rE:

inf.

Vid. Vin*^:: of Ylfiri'-: the surrounding, encircuit, circumvallalion,
circle,

compassing, a

a

siege.

Arj3X'.

Ex. xxv. 23.

oq^i

oo^l'fl'n: Eth.

circumference

;

assembly

onYinnjp:

"^Yi&jt--

(

35.

)

onyid.S":
8. s.

.

.

.

9"T^:
Matt
xvi. 19.

of persons collected in a circle; volume,
roll of parchment, esp. the

i.e.

onYldJf:

key.

Rad. YldLt::

Book of Ecclesiastes (Preacher of Solomon); sum, crown, &ic. Vid.
Eccles.
i.

auYl^y:

chamber-pot.

Ludolf.

1, 2.

xii. 7, 27. xii. 8, 9, 10.

og'TiA: s. i.q. D^'?iVlA: and od'Y^ViA:: o^TlA?': i-q- ou^'nts.V"-

oo'nn'njP:

a. fence,

he'ge, wall.

Rad. Yinfl::
caltle

ou'^YlA:

s.

the middle, centre.

n""*^VlA

BtoYT^"- s. he-goat (?) Bl. ouYl'-'r: and 9nYl^'^: gelded chiefly of sheep and goats).

(used

"amongst us.'' •T'T: "in the midst of us," oo*^VlA: "between us n?f: nATf:

and you."

aoVi^:
ooYij:

s.

lattice?
to

Judges

v. 28.

oo'^'hA?':
it

adj.

&

subst. middle, central, intera.

V. n.

be sterile, barren, unproductive.

mediate; mediator, agent,

-person standing as
Al.

Gen. xxxi. 3S.
2\oroYli:
xxxii. 16.
to overflow, set

were and acting between two parties.
pillow, cushion.
'^'^

under water.
sterile,

Job

iroTlS:
caus. to

s.

Ar.
inf.

isAir*,

J^flODYll:
inflict

render

barren,

avQpti^:
delivery.

of

(DAK"-

bringing forth,

barrenness.

troVn:
ooVli,:

adj. sterile,
?

Gen. xx. 18. Gen. xi. 30. barren.

bearing (cliildreu), generating, birth, lying-in,

Ezra

v. 14.
it

A»»Vli,: TlMnK-C:
pi.

ooffiAJ^:

inf-

of

TCDAS:
Gen.

'/'e

6einy born, ge-

rtfDfl)':

gave
s.

to makni " shashbatser."

nerated, the birth.

oaY>T}:
'i-1'::

judge, governor, ruler,

ODlr|_'l

O^TA^:
f^(D4T:

iuf.

of

't'*PAK"
ii.

birth, descent, gev. 1.

Rad. Yl°^i: Eth. "toj«c/ye." auYf^Y'l". s. sterility, barrenness, esp. of women.
Isa. xlvii. 8.

nealogy, history.
V. a. to

4.

gainsay, soothsay, foretell for-

tune, to divine.
cause, reason, ground,
is

•jm^ny't':
motive.
It
e.g.

s.

account,

9^*PC't"?xix. 31.

^'

soothsayer, fortune-teller.

Lev.

constructed

with the prep.
(fern.)

n—

::

nT^Vn^'l-il: "on thy
xii. 13.

account^ "for thy sate" Gen.
reason

fJH.

*ro(l>^(Di^_P: s. a throw with a dart or javelin, a javelin, range of such a throw; a bar. Gen.
xxi. 16.

I

do

it."

pqc'l-: 9«5njP-1-: ^flK
ceruse of

oo<p^j^': inf
iiif.

oifp^^^:

low condition, low-

IhrV- VCD*: " the
"i:

death

is sin."

119^

ness, lowliness, humility.

y^Vny^:

"for w-hat reason?"" "on

^^""(St'i^K^-

wliat ground?^"

OBQy-*^^:

:

of a)<iK- descent, coming doivn. means of descending. troQj^fSj,: "ascent and descent;" awkward mode
s.

ODViYlAf
croYlK=
ment.
O'tJ^nj??':

:

i.(l-

"tJ^YlA?'::
Ezek.
xiii. 18.

^•'/-

•'"'TtK:

s.

cover, covering, lid, cover-lid, tegu-

Rad.

\\^\"
and ooVl d.A
:

stairs, or ladder. Gen. vi. 14; where oofi^^: or troflAA: iq-v.) would have been better. WD®?! Ar. checkered and painted cloth,

of expressing

:

^^
'24.

""TnidLA:
tribution.

(pass.)

(act.) inf.

of

Ezek. xxvii.
an(l>.«j>y:

YldSLA: and Tl[ld.A:

division, 'partition, dis-

oo\\&j6%.^'
i.q.

s.

portion, part, division, share.
Col.
i.

YiQ.^"
presents,

12.

2 Chr. x. 16.

It is

s. knocker, threshing-stick or flail. Rad. (D^:: "^Q)''!''^: s. mortar, consisting in the excavated piece of a trunk of a tree.

used chiefly to denote the distribution of alms

9"fl>.'"r:

adj.

dead.
f.

pi.

and

tain days to
ooVlitS.'r:

which the Cliurch gives on certhe poor and to the scholars.
of 'n<j.T" the act of opening.

9"fl)-J'""r:

More

«?0(D,J-'}: m. and generally contracted.
Ex.xxi.30.

i'lf-

OO"^: q.v. 9n*P^: &V"*P^-: s. verb. c/f/in^?, c?ea J.
F 2

;

:

avcD'm^:

.

.

.

ano^li:

(

36

)

V*-H^^.

.

.

.

o^l^^.l^s.

'^^"^CO'nd.' to try, atlcmpf, tempt. (Shoa.)

V^'HA'I-: or Tra-HAJP't':

(comp. of "TD-h

1»OD{l)Y|^:
tempted.

pass, to

be tried, tempted, at: :

A:

and hy-'l':) forefather in the sixth (or
Tlie degrees of ascent are
(2)

Vid.
inf.

qn Yl <;

seventh) degree, or great-grandfather of the
the loving, love,

oo(I>^J^:

of

(D^£"

great-grandfather.
thus:
father.
(l)

liking, affection.

7\^'t-z father.

i\y-'f: grand-

O^CDK^:

of fCDJE^K: the being beloved, liked, favoured ; high jmce.
inf-

pass,

(3)

P^J^TD;

(or merely
(4)

^J^ TO;)
or

?»y^:
father.

great-grandfather.

^o^'^:

ovQy''^: and cro(D-|^-: wave of water
sea, &e.

iu the

^m}_P""|-: father s (or mothfrs) great-grand(5)

Ar.
s.

trr*'

<JO(i>.1_Jp:
fork, lance.

means for
Ex. xx^^i.

piercing, transfixing
3.

grandfather.

Sr^iJ^'t": grandfather'' s great(6) •?« Ti I' or yn "H "t"

A

:

Ay
(7)

Kad. (D^::
esp.

great-grandfather's great-grandfather.

"X

OOq>T__p:

s.

any instrument of warfare,

arms. Deut. xx. 20. Rad.
Oti(l>-llXj,:
s. i.q.

-l-T^-

Vid. (D;1::
is

tro-H

owO

s.psa/m.

Ar.J^^

Heb.liQtTS.

iny(iy-<pVCi,:

which
xi. 8.

more

in use.
o^fly-BEl,:

Rad. ffl'IfR::
s.

Num.

Rad. H""*^: to sing. pi. OK'Ht"*'i.'T: and auncn>^-t'::. gff: ooi-jotH^: literally, "child

the exit, place of going out, or ascent.

:

o^Qi^d.^- "ascent and

descent," passage

(because the

of the jisalms,''^ scholar, reading and singing

diacipjle,

of

the

up and down,

PR«hJE:
oij^Oi:

i. e.

flight of stairs, or ladder.

Psalms form a prominent part of Abyssinian
learning),
pi.

:

" the rising of tlie sun."
storax.

^«|>: ctoH*>^»'C'1*::

Ar. &k*^.

Ezek. xxvii.
s.

19.

oroOA'"!'"Ixxiv. 16.

and oot^A't": Eth.
Rad.
Eth.
sun,

day.

Ps.

«roH9"C: s. pi. *J^ni^6n.: i.q. n"^i: and YxH^^i". singer, songster, musician.
1

(DO A:
of

Eth.
::

i.q.

TA:

Amh.

Chr.

ix. 33.
:

V^O^'n

:

inf.

O t^fl

the setting, going;

down of

setting, i.e.

moon, or stars place of suntheWod. Gen. xii. 8. Ps. cxiii. 3.
Ar.

9^T{'!?*''H quantity.

s.

a certain weight of an unknown
Ex. xxviii. 22. derived from
dress
:

o^llC.:
jl,

A.r.jj[:i.

Heb. nii^Q.

^^^.
Acts
viii. 19.

to strengthen, tie firmly,
is

but
it

its

onoi^"!:

s.

step, degree.

Rad.

proper signification
for the Heb. ]U)n

uncertain:

stands

Qd^V- Eth. to rise, ascend. 'y^Oi-G,' s. resting-place, station,
road,

" the breast-jdate" of the
ii.

division of a
section, part.

high-priest.

Ezra
spjear,

£3.

of a book,

i.e.

chapter,

U^lii.'P:
xxiii. 7.

s.

shaft of a lance.
9.

2

Sam.

Rad. 04<5.:

to rest.
sea,

Ezek. xxxix.

*»90nA:
aut\^:
out^li:

s.

storm (at sea), rage of the

high

CRJI-f^."!": iuf. of

H&>:

the sutving, the seed.

waves, &c.
s.

Gen.

vii. 11.

Jer.

li.

42.

o^liiy
*"JH1CJP*
viii. 7.

:

s.

field

sown with corn.

Jos. xix. 16.

and

croQ'^t-: extreme wrath, fury,

Rad. H6.::
^'

indignation.
s.

Ex. xxxiv. 6. fragrancy, sweet exlialation, savour.

standing-water, pool, pond.

Deut.

Gen.

viii. 21.

Lev.

i.

17.

Eph.

v. 2.

aviAQy:
Rad.

s.

and tnjHCJ?:

i.q.

OVHCDO
upon
Jer.

any

oqOrm:
which
to

and (njOfm-l-:

Eth. censer, in

tiling that

turns round, revolves

itself,

bum

incense.

Ezek. viiL 11.

esp. wheel, roller, cylinder, screw.

x%-iii. 3.

oqH>:

s-

any thing

that

is

within reach, com-

Rad. panion. Judgesxiv.il. fruit of the s. banana, a very sweet OW-H : MUZ,
Si.
-•

^H"

Rad.Hr^:: ?»H4:: o^Ti^T.^: and goh^^I^': place where, and means whereby, any thing is spread out or
extended.

Ezek.

xlvii. 10.

Rad.

K 43-

and

Eastern climate.

Ar.^j^.

THO"

"VHn.JP:
•"ilHn.JP:
Isa. V. 27.
s.

.

.

.

troHlJFi:
cord.

(

37

)

"^Hd.1'-"^^^^'
inf.

latchet,

lace,

Gen. xiv.

23.

ODHd.!:
trq-VC:
i.q.

of Hd.^:: the dancing, playing
;

(with music)

music, dance.

cron5:

V. a.

&

intrs. to weigh, to balance, poise,

oo^pTf::
wages.

ponder, and to measure in general.
16.

Gen.

xxiii.

qo_p;

s.

hire, rent,

Isa. xxvi. 7.
to

Ax. ^'fy
be tveigked, poised, pondered.

•l-otiH^: pass,
weigh.

oi/P: ^iJE'^: Eth. water of the Deluge, deluge. Di;!_^-fj and the following
:

J^fjOfDj-il: caus. to have weighed, to cause to

a^^{}V'^
ontjp^:

s.

layman, non-clerical person,

man

of the world.
poise,
:

ET^HT

:

s.

balance.

P — J\T^:
balance.''''

weight,

balance,

scales of

a

inf. of

" index (pr rioinf^

nnA

aspect, look, beholding.

J\P:: the seeing, sight, Gen. xxvii. 1.

vision,

weight of the

Ar.

^jijju.

tmyif:: orapf^:: f^^yj^: and
(1) handle,

o^'H'::
grasp,

oqHI:

inf.

of

YxHY-

the repenting, regret, pity,

hold; any thing that serves for

forbearance, saving, or sparine/.

seizing, holding ; ear, haft, of

a vessel

;

omi'i- or oijOUT:
xxvi. 19.

s.

corner, angle.

Ex.

&e.

{2) pawn
s.

ao_pff^:
weigher, balancer.
Isa. Isa. xxxiii. 18.

Rad. JPH:: hem of a garment. Ps. cxxxiii.
or pledge.
n. pr. MiAZiA, the eighth

2.

trot-j^:

s. tlie
s.

t^^PTiy:

month

of

'^'^Hllf^:

recorder.

xxxvi. 22.

the Abyssinians, beginning on the seventh or

**^H(DC:

s.

the turning round, revolving, revo-

eighth day of April.

lution ; tliat

which turns or
screw, &c.

is

turned, wheel,

auyjl^y:
catching
;

s.

any instrument which serves /or
trap, snare,

roller, cylinder,

a

&c.

•^'^HfflC^.P:

s.

turning instrument, keg of a screw,
ivheel,

on_g:

s.
s.

^j^Sa flood of the sea, returning tide.

handle of a

and
(1)
9.

i.q.

CT^HCDC::

^^d-

n^^:
oi}_g-:

comb.

i.q.
s.

a^'^h^:

q.v.

i^HH:

V. a. to

draw
Ex. xv.

the

sword out of
;

its

sheath, &c.

Ezek. xvii. 9

(2)
iii.

a
2.

tnj^: cf^^:

& adj.

yonder, the opposite shore.
l\

s.

(1) the outside.

:

outside, withotd

plant out of the ground, eradicate, Eccles.
^

adv., out of doors, abroad, externally. (2) plain,
field, valley, i.q.

-f-onHH:

pass,
9.

to

be

drawn, puUed

out.

Ar. ^^!j.

Ezek. xvii.

;^flfroHH:
sword, &c.

"3™*,K'C= ^"'1

caus. to cause the drawing of a

9^^^: n^:
or country.

'F'.^^i': s. earth, land, country. lit. "Zand of emptiness"; ivil-

Lev. xxvi. 33.
s.

derness, desert; uninhabited, uncultivated

kmd

tJ^HH.: MAZAzi

a long sort of

wood used

for

^^\: ^oj^j^;

"water-eloset."

building, chiefly for the support of the roof.

Proverb: oroHH.:

tk^^lO '}'&•% MIC.:
is

MEDDER,
" the

"As

m«?a^'C: lit. "country MCThT^^J^:
bmte

of sheep," bagga-

agowmedder,

two

the MAZAzi for the rafter, so

the gu-

provinces of Abyssinia.

RAOUE man for talk," i.e. long. ODHH?*: s. talker, tattler, " a person that makes

2\(^«B: ^ajj;^*i^: of the earth," i. e. " serpent"
cover, covering, of

a hundred words out of one," said
mant.

my

"^S4n.y:
thatch.

s.

a house:

roof,

infor-

Isa. xiv. 11.
:

"^^^ti
S'
:

(1)

both the upper and under beams
(2)

•"JTilC: •"^Tn"!!

cattle-louse, tick.
s.

in a door-frame.

treasury, treasure ; also original

Ar. Z.J^ place, room.

m

writing, in opposition to "copy,"
:

Rad.

H

1

Kings

vi. 5.

Prov. xxvi. 14.

Eth.
:

W^^&.X'.

adj. earthy, earthly.

•''^'H'l.JP

s.

panel of a door,
of

lock.

Ex. xxvi. 17.

tm^iOk:
to signify

Ar. L:^i,.

Exod.

xxviii. 6.

The
seems
i.e.

Rad.

H^::
inf.

Arabic translation of the Heb. TDb?

"""mjE:

HIP:

the tarrying, delay.

a

jacket,

from e,i "arm,"

that

°^KCP:

-""JOS-:

(

38

)

"^i^'C:

««'^A:

piece of sacerdotal vestment which clothes • the arms.

•"i.P,^: adj. exterior, external, outward.

on^yj!.:

s.

a small

flat

plate

of Abyssinian
Jind

*"JKCy

=

s.

hnbitation, res'idence, dwelling-place,

lodijing.

Ex. xv.
of

13.

Zech.

ii.

13.

Rad.

workmanship, made of straw, the cleansing of com. Num.
xxiv.
1. s.

used for
Jer.

vii. 14.

oq.^f|:

P — n'^A:
:

inf.

hy_rt:: renovation, renewal.
"festival of the renewal" (retlie

«"'£^£,'^:

swelling of the
s.

testicles.

newed

consecration of

Temple by

the

Mac-

cabeans.)

John

(1) a measure of solids, con^^}X,'!J'taining 16 liofi: q.v, it is the 8th part of a
EC},'}::

M^DKGA,

x. 22.

'^^ •!

(2)

a jar used for carrying water,
;

:

S.

renovation, renewal, reformation, re-

of the 30th Psalm

.

Rad.

hg ^

:

and t^iljx "

and generally containing about one madEga, but not always.
This jar
xxiv. 14.
is

beer, or other liquids

oo^i^:
Gen.
9^J^^,S•'^Ji'f!
:

s.

anvil.

(Pei'haps

from

aa^^^:)

often called
ii.

IT^p

;

g\mbo.

Gen.

2 Chr.

10.
;;

iv. 22.
s. s.
s.

irojgf-'jiyn: inf. of

^^ao

the repetition, reading.

n

sort

of gazelle, antelope.

(jo^'jijrny
Al.
ii.

yellow copper, brans.
(1) heap.
clay,

means of oo4>--fn(^y::
:

s.

repeating, esp. rosary.

tn}^'{\:
(2)

Gen. xxxi. 40. Col.

20.

a seat of
id.
:

cra^q^:

Eth. plural.

"°J^1Q.:

inf.

of ^7/5^:: the support'ing, assis-

tance, support.

Pro\r. X. 3.

oo^'fj:

Hos.

"^^T^^-*:
xii. 11.
'

S.

means of support,

assistance.

•JB^^

Dergo ''-bread, by which the king or govcnior maintains guests
s.

small and bad

TDJ^^:

Ar.

jijvo-

p—

cannon, piece of artillery.

:

au^AEEl,: "connoH-foundry."

po»

of little consideration.

ao^'^'i:

s.

(1) agent, surety, substitute, mediator.

J^^.?": P\Q,'V: o«rtnrtn.j?: "collection of cannons and guns," i.e. arsenal.

(2) deliverer.

Rad. Jl^'51: Eth.

ou^:
Eth.
it

s.

upper or smaller

millstone,

which the

f^^-Xi:

i-q-

«^K'^". "^J^T^: s^Af":
Saviour of the World."
(1)

grinding

woman

holds in her hands, rubbing

Stat, constr. "

f^iv^^Yjt".

s.

remedy, medicine.

(2) cure,

and larger

backwards and forwards against the lower millstone, which chiefly is called

deliverance, redemption, restoration, salvation.

concrete: Saviour, (3) perenallagen, abstr.pro generally applied to Christ, as both Saviour : "possessor of remeand salvation. HA:

aogacf^_P:

s.

(l) beginning.

(2) the first, for-

mer, foremost. Had.

^«JD^:

"lo begin,"

dies,''^ i. e.

"physician" and " apothecar}'" (both

i^X^c.ti'- Ar. ^jsr<:

Jer. xxix. 20.

Probably
^^Jsr^
'

being the same in Abyssinia). PHAA9": : "eternal salvation" Gen. xlix. 18. Ex. xv. 2.
inf. inf.

fetters, bonds, as in the

Arabic Version
:

imprisonment, or prison, follows
^sr*"
J. "
'•

mj^T: oq^l:

of

t\&' hunting, chace. of Y\^: the saving, relieving,

ijojs^

^

re-

JTJ

bonds

"(?)

and

" in

prison"
closet, alcove.

deeming, deliverance;
deemer.

Saviour, deliverer, re-

^^i^JV

or aij^'"t' ; private room,

ou^'J:

Vid. 5^5:: inf. of gll:

Eccl. X. 20.
tlie

restoration, cure, deli-

verance, recovery, salvation.

oqi: V. a. to sip, to drink with a noise, produced by inhaling air at the same time the liquid
is

*™E5«PJP:
li.'41.

s.

object of astonishment.

Jer. xxv. 9.

entering through the
s.
:

lips.

Ofq"l:
"-••aJ^ stands 1jl,j^

woof, weft (in weaving).
s.

anjp^p^: Atfor
TlZ'Si'l

Ex. xxviii. 20.

^'^^

A

a dark-bay horse.
suppurate.

jasper.

^'^'lA:

V. a. to

KfloniA: ...9?^•nr:
J\|"|rnj*J/\: caus. to produce, bring on
ration.

(

39

)

o^pnji't"'
s.

"^"V-s/t"office

suppu-

tra^i\\''l-.

station

and

of a

oo^fl,:
hus-

stewardship;
pus, coagulating, suppurating matter

administration,

economy,

OD"|^:

s.

bandry.

or lymph.

Job
inf.

ii.

8.

OOf"'!':
service, minister-

v^.

a. to contradict.

O^liil^i:

of

?i^A^A::

•j"iTfj')~-t-:

pass.

&

recipr. to be contradicted,

ing, administration.

In the N. T. esp. applied
for the support of the

to dispute.

to the collection

made

1'tfo<p'}'f-:
'j-ODcp'I't":

and
recipr.
to

Church of Jerusalem.

Acts

xi. 29.

dispute,

to

plead, to

agi^lA^:
tilings.

s.

utensils of theLevitical

ministry

advocate.

in general; hand-vessels, as pans and other

•j»aqi~^:
7
/.

Rad.
:

r^^A^A

'

to serve.

arjifuu uiteieij^

7

refl. to plead one's ,7/" o A ^±~ .rn-ta aav. o.

own

cause, to

"•n A*l^
service.

id.
I

and any other instruments for
xxiii. 28.

^ftyy.^:

s. s.

contradiction, dispute.

Chr.

Ex. xxvii. 3.

oo^'Tf:

contradiction, dispute, quarrel, cause,

o'9^^:

s.

rafter; roo/-Z«Z/i, -whereon the straw is

lUigation.

Heb.
inf.

vi. 16. Jer. v. 28.

fastened.

Prov.
curtain,

xxi. 9.
veil.

jMark
Ex.

ii.

4.

t"*75'T"1f:

of

•flfT"

t^e meeting, coming

cro^i^^:
*^^1d,Q,y
whip.

xx^•i. 14.

Rad.

together, copulation.

ff^'\°TKQ,^'
'

s.

the adorning, ornament, luxu-

s.

any

chastising instrument ;

a

rod,

rious dress,
Elx.

sumptuous apparel.
of

Gen.

xlix.

1 1.

Rad. 14<S^::
in various acceptations of the
;

XXV.

7. inf-

*F*Tfll"- s. grace,

•J^TF^:

tklT"
I'F"

the finding, invention,

word,

but esp. favour, acceptance

graceful
3.

discovery.

Vid.

appearance, elegance, decency, &c. Gen. xviii.

Rad. 0)1 rt: and a»a>l 1*1: Eth. o^'h-'^O: s, a certain plant, the contents of

au^T-I : s. saw. av^i-l^: inf. of IH:

the buying, purchase, pos-

session, government, dominion.

whose
troTfi :

stalk' are

eaten by the Abyssinians.

^^^'in'T*: inf. of •t'lH" subjection, service.

v.a. tofeed, nourish, maintain.

Gen. xlv. 5.
the

"(ODlfj: OTB^n.: s. steward, housekeeper, master of household. Gen. xv. 2.
V""!"!! : 4^Ex. xvi. 4.
nourishment,
food,
't'ti'tl-

pass, to be fed, nourished.

ffO'^iii^: „.„»,. .i^

inf.

o«lK'^:

inf. of

e

of IH'^: act. and c.^^,..*, pass,

•>

"tlHT:

yexcommumj

cation, exclusion from church.

^PIHjV'
the

s.

(suckling) nurse;

and generally,
59.
i.e.

maintenance.

children's nurse.

Gen. xxiv.

Sometimes
i""".

which

is

tJWTT-r: and fTO*^^: means of purchasing,

general appellation of the food of animals.

money,

barter,

&c.
boil.
s.

9°°inC-

^^^^-

ff0^n.'"l': MAGABrr,

of l(|*il:: work, meril, desert. s. the seventh month of the

O^lg:
*I"1^:

v. a.

prob. to

Ezek. xxiv.

5.

or orn(I>'l^:
of

wave, flood, storm of

Abyssinians, corresponding to our March ; beginning the eighth or ninth day of March,

the sea, lake, or river.

Ex. xiv. 27.
the killing, slaying,

o™3"IKA:
murder. «jn;j_^^:

inf.

l^A".

and

lasting to the

same day
:

in April.

cro«7n-"j'; inf. of

in

the entering, entrance.
;

inf.

of

T^J^A"
of

combai,

conflict,

on^q'l-:
aq"|q'?f':

inf. oi ^'^f\:: marriage

and gene-

struggling, endeavour.

rally, cohabitation, coition.
inf.

owT^^<JV:
*'"1^3i'^:

inf.

of

7-^A:
act.

the wanting, want.

of

JMT:

the entering in, intro-

inf.

T-^::

the injuring,
loss, hurt,

y

duction.

Vid. Tl::
s.

spoiling, injury,

"Iinf :

the providing for, nourishing, feed-

harm, damage, chief (committed).

mis-

ing,

management, administration, stewardship,

house-keeping, economy.

°™*T-K'l': inf. pass, of 1^^:: (sustained) injury, harm, &c. Vid. T'j^::

:

; :

gn*)*J: 9^*1*1:
oO'*i'):
s.

.

.

.

otiTrti'l&jp:
Jire-place,

(

40

)

""TA^^
Jer. Hi. 19. it is
s.

...oornn*:

a standing small
Lev.
of
ii.

used for

baking.

7.
xii. 2S.

0"TAQ.y:
the baking.
pe7T'ers/7y.

n fishing-hook.
inf.

used for spoon. Rad. fllA*!.::
of

s. id.

Luc.

aufuijuxj-i-;

mo^J"^:

or

nicnooo:

o^PlCtnipiO
OTJTP:

inf.
inf.
s.

314,: and of 2\:n«^:

ooTcno^:
(2) baptist,

inf.

of

mo«<I>::

(1) baptizing.

clover.
1

used of John the Baplid.
cup,basiu,

OW'ltq,: contr. of au{I>.ia;{,: mortar.
vii. 50.

Kings
to

ou'pDnD^jp: andCTD'pmjcjjy: any
or other vessel; or poo/, or dipping or diving

jjohc/,
;

in which

OTKTj:: aojj:: and
arrive.

ong::

v. n.

to

come,

may

be done

esp. (1) the

N^. IT

inf.

Eth. ITOR'?\: Tigr. aoR-j^i.: Heb. onqrofrj-'^; the comiwi. arrival. "
(just) arrived.'"'

baptismal/onf. (2) wine-jrress. (3) in brewery, +1., lue water wixn

Tl.jtu: ODfTi: "the king has

the malt.

(4) dish containing

gravy or any
f^.,..

oon^U-: "/
moned

come'''' (;.e.

—ansiver of a servant, &c. when
to his master).

directly or instantly;

sauce in which they dip their bread, &c.

he

is

sum"/Fx

Numb,

xviii. 27.
id.
s.

Isa. v. 2.

Rad. fnouejj;
16.

"X^'RT: ^TE:

OTj'yaue^J?:

Nehem.

iii.

troi'nAIJ': "I will take

my things and come.''''
\p: cm

a»'ip«jra<prr|:

purloiner, thief.

him come to me." T'U: ?»J^CTPAll-: " to-morrow I will come and do it" >kCl>: o^'y^ipAf: ?^^'r:
:

_pg:nfTj^*5

" let

qDffiin fH

:

V. a. to

purloin

secretly, to steal.

Al.

or»'TOXj»'5»:
*^D(Xiai}'5»:

s.
s.

thief.

J\^(|^_^^«jn: " whereas he

is

come,

you

shall

Shoa: marten, or martern,
s-

i.q.

U

not (orneed not to) go," troR-/fh£J.1: ,&H " take thy book and come " (or bring : f:

ODfiiy^fn?*'^'.

shawl, turban, or sash,

i.e.

Ih A'Tlh9" : ^(fem.), and come you all!" rh.^K' f: f: nAQX": "go> and tell him (to) come."
thy book). "come thou
:

J^^V

^JEl

:

:

any piece of
body.

cloth

which

is

wound round
Gen.
s.

the

Rad. fllooniOD::

xxx^'iii. 18.

av^/ffl^y: and on^^-fiy-.
chisel,

plane (Mech.),

and the like instruments in use for
:

«l/\'5: "when he comes, we will co;ne to you." (2d pers. sing, honor.)

planing and polisliing wood or stone
axe.

also

Rad. ffi«in: or
Ar.

R^O::
i.q.

YxOVfTiz V. a. to make to come, inf. oijyBfrj''^: the bringing.
pi.

i.e.

to bring.
ii.

oxJT«5.'}:

Gen.
f.

19.

J^
md.1.

a^'TCl^A.:!-!:
PA'flfi:

metropol'dan.

imper. K^nnr): sing. m. ?i9"01.:
fll-:

J^s?"

'P'l?'!^:

(B^:i-

2\7»"1^=?:
Often used
come.

'™'5*4"iy:
brush.

s.

broom, besom.

— —

Rad.
s.

"bring

me

a

little

wnter."

OtJfD^/^_P:
" weaver's

or KtfJ:: icmding instrument ; means fur

'J'aofri: n.
in Shoa.

i.(/.

erafT\: to come.

winding, turning, su-addling.

Piltr*}^;

beam," lChr.xx.5. Rad. fIl'}»AA::
inf.

p^f|Oii«T5: caus.

to

make,

to cause to

ao'p«j>gw:
use, utility.

of fn«|>oii: pro//, advantage,

Deut. XXV.

8'.

90*?::

^otO"
a.

and •70O: 9TO00:

s.

Za6our

aD'p<|>?i:
to

s.

(1) candle-snuffers, Ex. xxv. 38.

of child-birth.
irijn^: v.
throes.
to travail in child-birth,

have

(2)

gun

stick,

''"'nin^:
J^jjqni : to travail in child-birth. Isa. xxiii. 4. Rad. •JfO'p:: O^^TA^JP: s- means or instrument for sounding, fathoming,

inf.

ramrod, rammer. Rad. fn«I>rt:: of ffin*!*:: observing, preserving,

guarding ; observation, observance, preservation,
protection, &c.

ora*T)f|^:

measuring any depth

('VA^O-

inf. of 'r"in'P:: the strongly adhering to any thing, the cement, glue.

oon^n*^:
tJDrrjfj*!*^:
s. s.

••

«"}«*:

(

41

)

OU'CII:
Ex.
xxii. 16.

o^H:
Rad. ?iCq.:: Vid. ER.::

cement, gJue.
watch-post, (juard,

xxxiv. 12.

*nj(H[|^p:
means

any place or
Ps. Ixxix. 2 Cor.
1.
iii.

aixxi,:
cnjfXl,:

s.

gum-arabic.

for ivatclmg

and guarding.
mete
out.

CJD([I1^: v.a. to measure, to
10. to model.

OiJffi'5:
fl

s.

measure, proportion.

^1^:
to.

country and people in Abyssinia (Galla tribe) to the west of Shoa, on the banks of the Blue River.
n. pr. mijtch'a,
s.

:

&

oij'tp,^!;^^:
Cant,
ii.

weasel, marten.

Neh.

iv. 3.

:

in proportion, according

Gen.

xlvii.

12: "Joseph gave

them com" 'hTi^:
to

A^

15.

^^Oh:
children

.era

mi:

q°CaAd.:
^"^)•^t^•^
Orora,iri!|:

v.a. to steal.
i-q-

"in j)roportion to their
their children's

oo*T7°T"l"

stealer, thief.

(i.e.

according

R.

the shnpimrj. simply of shoes, boots,

number and

want)."
snitable,

or other foot-dress.

Rad. ^^atj

y.

f^dWVo^nii
Ex.
:

adj. proportionate, adapted,

o^{W^^C.ysurplus.

^-

a<Jdition,

additional

supply,

adequate, corresponding, agreeable, proper.
s.

increase, augmentation^ supplement, appendix,

censer,

incensory,

perfuming-pan.

Gen.
s.

xlviii. 22.

xx^'ii. 3.
s.
;

tnjcri_p:
javelin)

Rad. hSTll:: throw; that luhich

oocsjjirq^p:
is

sole
s.

of the foot.
i.q.

Ps. xl. 2.

thrown
is

(e.g.

a

aDEp.aT}EE5,:

Shoa:

Egbsynixtaq: of

andplace whither any thing

P*l^^^:
the rubbish

thrown.

:

heap of rubbish, or place ivhere
collected.

9" £?!•?»[«.:

Gondar, a blear-eyed person. s. a balbous plant -which

is

used
It is

was

Neh.

ii.

13.

as a medicine against the tape-worm.

0^fnP4*:

inf.

of fI)F<l»: the inquiring, inquiry,

not so disagreeable to the taste, nor so com-

examination, asking.

mon
20.

in use, as the

Tfi

I*' :

and

less

powerful

oon\^-l\:
oofiini:
Hos.

Ar.v_-vjlk< proi^jllLI scent-bottles,
Isa.
iii.

than the ao-i^J"::
qnEp,qD!;5g!,i»\: s.i.q.

sweet odours.

o^f^gif^^::
adj. the last.

\.n. to be sour or acrid.

Vid. croxi^::

''^CO><t^'l:

s.

the end, termination,

vii. 4.

Luc. xiv. 10.
the drinking, a drink,

Rad. CO,«^f|::
^ictchet,

trofDTi'inf. of HXttl^
draught, beverage.

^"'IllCy"-

s-

or shovel.

ourrjiTi:

i.q.
s.

ODijj^::

*"'!Xl,^'CCI.^'^ : s. a rag which they put round the joined edges of the baking-pan and
its

ODfUCCl:

:

a tobacco-pipe.
s.

*"JfnHl:

p-f'^^riT': Rad. fnfl)" any instrument or vessel whereby, or
is

a drinking-vessel.

cover-plate, to

prevent the heat from

escaping.

t^CCinraj,:

s.

handle.

Judges

iii.

21.

Rad.

p/ace where, drink

adm inisfi-red to man, beast,
is irrigated.
to irrigate."

or plants
oiJcrjTjt^:

;

or where the ground
:

•J^CQ.i'l': inf. of t-CO.^'l*:: strait, trouble, sor-

Rad. ?i fH fD

"to give to drink," "
of

rowfulness, anxiety, distress.

pqo^:
ff^'Vii/t''

inf.
:

'^^^f^^::

anguish, agony.
Ps. Ixxiii. 4.

(Jtic^jf:

s.

leather-thong,

used principally for

"pangs of death,"
of

the saddling and loading of beasts of burden,

Vid. "1«^::
inf.

fHicf.:

neutr. ruin, destruc-

and whenever Europeans use ropes which the Abyssinians have not. Rad. JXJ.^::

tion, corruption, loss,

damage, &c.

t^l^a)-V:

inf.

of fECtCD-r:: the talking,

talk,

mjf ^^:
ODfiiJi':
it on.

inf. of

?irRfJ.- "'^ ruining, destroy-

play, conversation.

ing, spoiling, injuring, wasting
s.

corruption,
xviii. 30.

any thing (act.) and means of bringing
marriage-con-

«"JCa^:

inf.

of

2\GaP::
i.e.

the cntting (of the
;

crops, &c.), the gathering-in

the instrument

Ezek.
s.

by which

it is

done,

sickle.

oijBEl,:

betrothment, espousal,

9»R-:

i-q.
i.q.

9«T::
a^^T\^^,

tract ; the stipulated piresents

or doiury.

Gen.

om\:

G

:

:

:

ooRAl-:
*'"XA''r: Eth.
feast
s.

.

.o^X-r-l-:

(

<I2

)

•TOR-rrt:
inf.

..o«ja.«5.-T:
comfort, consola-

inbernaclc.

n^iA:

.

"the
Rad.

"OR-rr-"r:
tion,

of

TRrr"
-1.

of tabernacles,"

Lev.

xxiii. 34.

cheering-up, exhortation.
:

Vid.

Rf

::

XAA:
*^f|:
PI.

"to shade,
inf.

make
letter,

shade."

OUR-f

s.

strengthener, giver of power,
Isa.

esta-

«»o»rfi^:

Eth. of XdntS." the mriling,
the writ, book.
Scriptures,-"

blisher.

written paper &c.,

xxv.

0"Ra)T:

v.a. to

Rad. Rf:: give alms. Matth.

v. 7.

the

"the Sacred
s.

"Bible."

notion of alms-giving pharisaically substituted for mercy.
alms.
alms-giver.

avulh^ft.::
thirst (i.q.

0BR70_p:

Rcnj^::) place where
trap,

•/"RrT't*:

s. s.

no imtcr is, dry land, waterless desert. tnajtoo^^: s. catehimj-instrument, snare,
&e.
Ex.xx^'ii. 1.
i-q.

f'R'T-T':
oroR"J^:
s. s.

Luke

vi. 36.
iii.

snare, trap.

Lament,
3.

52.

Rad. Scbj^:

9"ii^:
voca-

an
pr.
s.

iron-plate on

which bread-cukes are

woR.<».n.P:
tion.

onoT^rfiy..
call, calling,

baked, baking^pan.

Ezek. iv.

Rad.

>tj^

:

ooR-d.-"!-: inf. of X<J.: act.
troR<;.-t'

oox^:

s.

ooxT,_p::
of

Ps.iii.3.
security,
2.

O^RI.JP:
:

(1) a place

asylum, place

inf.

of

fKi,

:

pass, the being called,

of refuge, shelter.
"cities

Josh. xx.

3

:

p — ^l^C:
:

call, calling, vocation.

"9XC.P= ^°d
XXV. 29.

"lifR-t^JP:

s.

instrument for
Ex.

(2) support, of refuge^ "asylums" any thing to lean upon. Cant. iii. 10.

clearing, cleansing, p)urifijing, straining.

Rad. R^.::
Vid. aoT<i"li'::

OOXR: v.a. to be P — "hli^i,
:

sour, acid, acrid.
:

Ex.

xii. 3.

" leavened bread."
sour, produce acidity.

atJR.^«7jP:

^irt^^RR:
tJU*iH:
Ex.
i.q.

to

make

9"i4^:

Eth. the coming, advent, esp. Christ's

coming to judgment,
of (Christ's second)

p—

aatT\tTi:: add, acidity, vinegar.

:

^"5

:

"

the day

xxiii. IS. leaven.
i.q.

coming,''' i.q.

Judgment," Matt. Amh. i.q. onao)
:

xi. 22.

"Day of Rad. ouj^h: Eth.

OOH^:

ooK-rhS.:

i"f-

of ^&.'-

0^*4 £J.^:

s. s,

writing material.

Rad.

J?,«5.::

""OR^^:
meats,

blow upon the cheek.

Rad. RfJ.::

•ni^'t"?':

s. fresh

comer, guest, stranger, foreigner.

croitfj^m,:

Gen.

Xxiii. 4.

s. any thing that swecffins, sUxetand spice in general, not excepting salt,

and
?iO^R!l:
xvi. 1.
V. a. to

bitter things.

Rad. R^S^JTl::

commend, recommend,

to

de-

ynO:

i.q.TO'V-:
i.q.

posit as a trust, put into

an asylum.

Rom.
Gen.

'^i}'i:

o^R-r-V"
adj.

To appeal
to

to the feelings of a per-

o^QT-O"-

&

s.

paralytic,

a person

afflicted

son;
xlii.

conjure or entreat

him:

with palsy.

21.
to

T'^JRl:

appeal to a person (present or
Ex. xxi. 13:

*^Q,f\'^'- s. means for shifting, transplanting, removing from one place to another there;

absent) to recommend oneself to another's

fore

es^i. shovel,

tvinnowing-fan.

Luc. iii. 17.

protection;

to

take refuge.

P

Rad. d.
tain,

A 1*1"
s.

o^aqg^n^:
refuger

"where fmay)
:

take {or find)

m'^/\^JP:
dAl*-:
ov^i!,tl-

ptace where water springs
spring.
Isai.

;

Acts xxv. 11

n«&"lC:

1""*?^;
12: fl

source,

xxxv.

7.

founRad.

?'AU-: "lappealtoCs^sav" and

v.

«t^C=

YlTt"}R^tf: "If thou appealest
Vid. Eth.

inf.

of d.(irt:: the breaking, breach,

to Cffisar."

mj'i

J

:

downfal, ruin.

OOR-T-^-: jnf of R5*: the
ceiving comfort
;

getting strength, re-

^^Q,dJ^'t"iQ.^.1':
tility.

s.

instrument far breaking, ruining,

comfort, strength, firmness.
the strengthening, esta-

ruin, breach itself.
inf-

Rad. Ad,*^!*!::

aq jtf'"l":

inf.

of

/^RF"

of

Ad.i."

fruiifulness, fer-

blishing, comforting.

"»J<5.CjL':-T"IA:

(

43

)

/"A: ... UJAA:
painted, &c.

disgrace, or hifamy. Rad. hiii.^" 0^0.11 H: s. place ivhere any thing flows, i.q. €i^ W flood, river, &c. Ezek. xxxv. 8. Rarl.
s.

o^&^Cy:
1

mor^ of shame,

Gal.

iii.

2.

fA*'A°n^l>:

Sam. XX.

30.

inC:
Ji^'A: and

"^'^ ^^'^ depicted or painted (lively

described)

:

among you.'' M'l^A: s. picture, painting,drnwing,
Eth. the third,
itself,

delineation, figure, &c.

oij^rtfj: instrument and vessel for pouring, ivatering ; therefore watering-pot, &c. Rad.

wiAfl:

adj.
:

fem.

U)Afl->:

^^fj
means

by

as applied to the alphabet,

the third order

oo^'Jp:

s.

solution (oi

an engagement)
s.

;

separa-

joins the )-

of the letters, that which sound to the consonant. UJA

tion, esp. divorce.

Rad. ^•J'z:
means, place,
;

!*!'>: (sc. |>'J:

or OA'l''")

"fl'e third

dvy of
:

ov^d)^:
institution

and ao^j^ffii^::

and

for healiny or curing

therefore,

applicable to medicine, hospital, &c.
*"J<J.rei"1": inf- of ?i4.CO>:: the ruhhing, grinding, attrition.

the week," i.e. THMcZfly. Pro v. xiii. 1 2 Yl: VJ^tX'V- PDnin<f»: "that which is called. To-morrow it is Tuesday,'" i.e. "that which
is

Tf^fl:
viii. 13.

deferred from day to day.''
thirttj.

:

"the gnashing of

teeth " Matth.

UJAil:
fJJffth'

Gen.

v. 3.

At. ^^y^

Heb.

o^ii.RyjP:

9-

that which terminates, finishes,
s.

chain of small tin and brass plates

the end, termination, the last

Ex. xxix. 28.

T-^^:

;

place offinishing.

:

"place where one

hanging; on the neck of horses or mules.

may

do his business," a decent expression for
instead
of the
iii.

M'Art,:
Al.

s.

Trinity.
s.

Av.ijiiAj,
chain.

watering-closet, privy,

more

UlArtA:

pi.

LUAflA:

Ex. xxviii. 22.

vulgar

t^jt^i:

guj^f^:: Judges

24.

rtlrtAl::
mock
at, ridicule,

W
UJ:: Wfdy.'i-:
s.vijt,

:

•{"U|/\«|>: v. to play,

deride,

the fifth letter of the AbysIt is

scorn, hold in derision.

Ps.

ii. 4.

sinian alphabet.
t\
:

often confounded with
it

/•"y^^:
it.

a.

joke, jest, scorn, ridicule,

and

object

of

but in order to distinguish

from that

Ps. xliv. 13.
i-q:

Hosea
a. to

vii. 16.

letter, it is called

ployed in the word nkgoos.
tion of both letters
is

^^-UJ: U): i-e- the s emThe pronunciathe same.

UlAfifl:
lil

the following.

Vid. Act.

\iii. 27.

Although

A (D\
i.

V. n.

&

have permission, authority,
to

dominion, and power;

govern,

to

reign.

endeavouring to observe orthographic order
as

much as we

can, the student will frequently

Gen.

16.

Ar.
'"

kC,

id.

be disappointed in looking for words beginning with s under this letter; and in those
cases he is referred to rt
::

?ilUAni^:

i'"'''

or furnish with authority,

power, or dominion.

TUIAfni:

pass, to receive authority, &c.

•^tlC- Ar.
giaior.

j©-Lw fascinator, incantator, praistixviii. 10.

UlArtl.'i^ s. (1) a lance, spear. (2) a piece of cloth inserted in trowsers between the juncture of the legs (probably so called from
its

Deut.

Ul\y£^: Heb. "YirT't!),
Chr.
xiii. 5.

riuer,

generally applied, in

resembhng a

spear).

the Hebrew, to the river of Egypt, the Nile.
1

M'A'^T:
nion.

s. permission, authority, poicer, domiIn S. S. sometimes like k^ovcrla abstr.

U|/y:

V. a.

to

draw, paint,

delineate,

depict,

pro concr. governor, potentate,
{"-"r: j>owers.

pi.

M'A"!
id.

describe.
ravit.

Eth.

UJOA:

"pinxit, firxit, figu-

Col.

i.

16.

Ar. ^^ILL

2«^u|A:

V. trs. to

cause or to order to draiv, &c.
to

UJrhA:
Zech.

Ar. J..vL sea-coast plain, even country. ;
iv. 7.

T^A:

V.

pass,

be

drawn, delineated.

jUjroO'Tn:

.

.

.

Mfi.PV::

(

44

)

UJCK*:- -^.l:
Ar.

tumy-tpj; Ar.
the desert

.^

the sammuji, hot wind of
5.

W^CK^xxvi.
8.

jj^

s.

veil,

cover, curtain.

Ex.

Isa.

xxv.

Jer. xviii. 17.

Ujoo^:

V. n.

to be pleasant, agreeable, lovely.

U)«ilA:
al.

s.

(1)

beamin a building.

(2) carriage.

Job xxii. ^wya^-Y":
b'diiy,

21.
s.

on-yfY'6.\\'-0- Gen.

xlv. 19.

pleasantness, agreeableness, accepta-

IJU<^0: v.a. Eth.
Spirit's

loveliness,

benevolence.

Num.

v.

8.

to proceed; used of the Holy proceeding from the Father; (the

P— :aoAuq>o^: «<a sacrifice of (disposing
to,

Abyssinians, like other Eastern Christians,
rejecting "Filioque").

procuring) grace."
azure, sky-coloured

Of plants:
Job

to hud, to } nt
:

UJOX»TJ,l^: Ar. ^^'UJi
(sc.

forth shoots, to break forth.

xiv. 9

TflCD'

stone);

hyacinth or sapphire.

Exod.

xxviii. 18.

3: hj': (pfiuf:)
bud."
1*1 Ol:

P-Mui: jglnrOA:
to
(Yl)

"owing
i.e.

the

smell
tlie

(H:^:
it

IU'7»^1^:
:

(TVfx^aivla. Heb. n;'J'iSn^D. Dan. iii. 5. harmony ; most probably some musical insti-ument.

Gr.

refreshing exhalation) of

water,

will

and U£fjtj: a species of
hair.
s.

little

antelopes

with aculeated

UJ"l:
A^IU-:

v.n. Eth.

lUM'O::

to be covetous,

greedy,

IW^UJ^:

a window-frame.
to torment, torture,

insatiable, to covet, to be
a. covetous,
s.

a miser.
s.

Hj€j>p; v.a. a miser.
"i«l»P:
id.
.

plague

; to

vex

greedy, insatiable ;

fxtfM^;

extremely, inflict excruciating pain.

covetousness, greediness, insatiable-

Ps.xxxv. 13: 5j5.rt,T:
" / chastised

.

.

.

ujcf

ness, avarice.

A^Q:

Eth. ]^C.Gy-". root. Matt. iii. 10. Also, blood-vessel, artery as well as vein; tendon,
s.

^"X^

my

soul (myself)."

•MU«I'P:

pass.
act.

Gen.
i.q.

iv. 15.

and perhaps
plait of hair:'

nerve.

: "a clue,'" " a Pi.fi : Rad. Eth. VJdjCD: "eradicavit"

TWfP:
tisement.

UI'I'P." and pass.

i.q.

TIU'I'P:: M'3*.E: &.pain,

torment, torture, vexation, chas11.
q.v.

UU^:

v.a. Eth. IJU£^0: to build, construct, to
institute.

Rev. xiv.

order or ordain, to

UJn
&c.

:

v. n. to be fat,

pro l^Q:

'rUI<5.: pass,

to be built, constructed,

tU d,^

break forth (of the dayTherefore h'ght, the sun, moon, and stars).
:

V. a. to rise,

UUV'S-: Ar.
Jer. viii.

JAm
7.

s.

simlloiv,

hirundo domestica.

Eth. inf.

yojiw^^:
rises
;

the

rising,

the place

Und.C:
(gem).

Eth. ap. Lud.

rtlTC:

s.

sapphire

where the sun

the east.

Ezek.

i.

26.

VJC/p
i.e.

:

s.
:

the rise, rising (of the

heavenly bodies).

U|_Js^: Heb.
dead ; esp.
t^'7\£\.".

b'iNilJ state

and mansion of the
figure, likeness,
4.

UJCf
UICE"
beam,

(DC/^ Eth.

'•'

the rise of the

moon,"

hell.
s.

"new moon"; Amh. P(DC= ooqgp:
Ezek. xlvL
3. 6.
s- ce?/i7i<7,

A"A: anuM'OA::

2 Chr. xxxi. 3.

image, picture, drawing.

Ex. xx.

inner roof of a building, esp.
pl-

al.

UJ47A"

W&.%^:
: s.

army,

host.

Ex.

^•i.

26.

M^QOi^-".

& contr. M^iA"

order, regvlation,

UJ*P: V. a. <o offer up, to immolate, sacrifice. Gen. xxii. 2. Eth. Ul Oy-O:: inf. tJDM"P ^: and Eth. VnM'TOT:: </ie offering, immolation, the sacrifice.

arrangement, constitution, institution, &c. Gen. : AVw Covenant (new xvii. 14. ?iP fj:

"^OC: and
Uf ^:
s. s.

Ufj^;

s.

^rass,

&nA gramineous plants

wder of

things. SiadrjK)]);

M^Q\^'. iusteadof
charmer, en-

in general.
painter,

jUJ^p^:

Yl^J^'J: (covenant). s. poisoner, chanter. (Bl.)

drawer of pictures.
the

magician,

fJJ^:

(I) flesh in all its significations in

Bible.

(2) body, for

which they have not

;

:

M»;j^:

6*J°:

(

45

)

C"^:

•••2\fl4«Tl:

another word current; but frequently they
use

not, I think myself fully justified in maintain-

K^A:

(person, vTroorao-tf,

TTjOocrcoTrov)

im-

properly.
it
is,

lA: means

as yet, very little

human used. The
the
is

body, but

idea of a

ing that it is not found in Abyssinia, as has large numbeen erroneously advanced. ber of full inquiries whilst on the spot, and

A

thing which has dimensions
to

yet strange

them

;

therefore, of course, they

have not

felt

the necessity of having an expression

for that idea.

fi*;;}%i

adj.m.M';j^^:

i.

fleshly,carnal,bodily.

from the best-qualified informants, have satisme about this point, concerning which I was a long time uncertain. CJ^: i. q. Cpf} : and 1^«?»^: the city and the ancient empire of Rome.
fied

"discharge from the rectum," "stool." Deut. xxiii. 12. : : oo^Kyu;
:

T"n^:

——

£^in]^

:

adj.
s.

Roman,

Latin.

Luke xxiii.

38.

^mj'j:
<.aqi,:
rubies.

Ar. ^Ji^

Heb. pQ") pomegranate.
(1) ruby,

" the going to stool."

Ex. xxviii. 33.
s.

UUfntTO:

V. n.

to

he drowned, die in water.

Ar.^U)

a gem.

(2) a

Mark v.

13.
a. to

kind of red beads, supposed to be made of
drown. &c.
Ex. xiv. 28.
pass, to he drowned.
chest, cojjin,

?iiU) fflfJO: V.

'TUJfnf': "JJtl s. hox,
:

£^a^q»:
l.

adj.

&

s.

Roman, belonging
xxii. 26.

to

Rome,

Gen.

26.

In
is

the N. T. improperly for treasure, which

"D-Hl^::

CF^di'^'i- Acts C9"JP: n. pr. Rome.
pi.

J^^ODg
Iviii. 9.

:

V. a. /o

point with the finger.

Isa.

^::

C^f|:

eEEs, the sixth letter of the
Is

Abys-

j^ijuflp; ashes.

g.

fifg

which burns faintly under

the

pronounced v,'ith a vibration of the anterior edge of the tongue, as in
sinian alphabet.

2\j/crofl[): V. a. to lurk,

burn faintly under the
to

most other languages.

When

A

:

it

often absorbs it; e.g.

preceded by Gen. xxii. 16:

ashes.

<^d„: v.n.
to

& a. Eth. ^.UJ^Ji

::

be mild, tender,

Yvi^&.U^P^^'. instead of ^lAd.^iJ'F'F: " thou hast not spared, or -n-itliheld." Words

kind, clement, indulgent, benevolent, merciful;

beginning with
often preceded

t^: are,

in Abyssinian writing,
:

have mercy, to spare, to forbear, to save. Gen. xii. 16: ?»d,(i^ijya: "thou didst not
or withhold.'"
XX. 6:

by an

/^

e.

g.

tt&.fl

:

instead

spare

(instead

of

7\^i,C

of ^.f|:: "Xt^'l : instead of ^i^ : This peculiarity seems to originate in the nature of

i31°--:)

i.d.U'Ail: "/ had comtender, mild,

passion on thee."

and answers, in some measure, the spiritus over the p in the Greek language with this difference, that over the Greek p the spiritus is an asper [j>] whereas the "3^ stands
this consonant,

<.<.: adj.

i.q.

C/^^'i:

compasii.

sionate, clement, benign, merciful.

Joel

13.

d/l :

v. a.

Eth. ^Xi Ui-to forget,
have forgot
it."

inf. £ro|;«^ '}•

the forgetting, oblivion, forgetfvlness.

for a sp. lenis.

Alh: "/
:

^fl^T
xli. 30.

Q^fjo : Ar.

Js^j or tiy

probably pelican.

•Vd^/l- pass, to be forgotten.

Gen.

X*?n: s. & adj. Greek, denomination of the modern Greek nation and language.

R-J-fl: ^d/lS%.: "the (th .e of) plenty wiU be forgotten:' inf. on^i^^; the being forgotten, oblivion.

^90
^

:

s.

At.

tij

and Al signi£ doubtful.
22.

So

is

?ifl4«1: caus.

the Heb.

«-) Num. xxiii.

to cause to forget, to make forget or cause to be forgotten. Gen. xli. 51:

N.B. W^hether the unicorn, which

Qb*"! here

is supposed to signify, at present exists or

If'tf- "

God

has

made me

forget

all

my

.

: ;

:

«?:.0

:...<.*:

(

4G

)

i.'V:

d.-n:

nfflictioii."

2 Chr. vi. 26:
" for

J^lf: hfl^

^.•I': V. n.

Eth. O'h'l':: to be distant, far
to ivithdrau; retire, to

off,

flT'^l^'PAr:
farget."

thou hast made them

remote
xiii.

;
:

remove.

Gen.
inf.

dn^
6,n.

'•

s.
s.

corpse,

Lament, ii. 6. dead human body.
Tigr. QT^fl::

9

^C,^:

W\R: subjunct.
off,

"that thou

mayest remove," "withdraw," "go away."
Ar.
tlie

Eth. Cjhf\::
ll5fc^T

(fV^.ip: the being far

the

removal, the

Heb.

Head, in every sense of

word

going

to' a distance.

Heb.

prT"(.

chief or capital part of a thing.

apex or

Gen. iii. 15. Gen. viii. 5 P't'i.i.': " the top of tlie mountain (s)." 1 Kings vii. 18: pc^TBJ^-: ^.fl: "the chapiter of the
tojj.
:

J^i.*!*: v. a. to remove, ivithdratv, place at a
distance.

2

Kings

iii.

2:

?»^3;Af

:

"for

he removed."
<i«|"I»: V. n. to be thin, fine (as dust, &c.), small,

pi!

n
1

Vid. GeogiTiphy.
chief,
xi. 3.

Head

of any
i.q.

rare.

Gen.

xli.

7

:

p<^«|»4J''r"?n: J^fj'f'-T':

body of men;
7S.{\$f'-

superior,

leader,

"

and the
rarefy.

//un ears."
V. a. to

Ar.

i-,.

Cor.

In Abyssinia, the chief
tlie officer

^i»«I><|>:

make

Minister of the
,

King of Gondar,

thin, fine,

small,

to

that at present has absorbed all the royal power, and redueed his master to a shadow,
like the Pepins

d,^^:
'

adj. thin, fine, small, rare.

?iPC: d/^

1

and Charles under t])e Merovingians as their " majores domus," is called Ras so is the King of Slioa and even Governors of provinces in the Gondar kingdom, are styled sometimes ^=f!"^.fl: also is used
:
;

4': YIC.-- iCD^: "the air is a thin thing," (for body,' in this sense, they have no word.) Ar.

ui\
£^«|>-^:
s. s.

Heb.

p'^r)-\

"a

thin cake."

Eth. t^(h4""l':: distance, remoteness.

^.'JJ'>:

often occurs for 0«5.'JJ't": or yii.'ii

to express personaliti/,

indiiidualitij, identify.

'1': <l-v.

Ex. xxxii. 25.

Gen.

xxii. 16:

Hi.fL: o^JAU-: "I have
"

^q:

V. n. "JJ

&

adj. Eth. ^^^-flfh:: Tigr. <?;ildi.::
fuit.'

part," "

^1%: ti&.fh' L myself." for myself," " I myself" Gen. xl. 5 ?V.P^''^^fl>'= "each for himself," "each indi-

sworn by

on

my
:

Ar.

"lucratus

Heb.

1^2"^

"magbe culprofit.

I,

num

et

multum

fuit,

auctiim
to

fuit."

To
to

vantageous, profitable,

conduce

vidually, separately, or respectively."

Gen.xxv.32: T^T:
xiii.

-"IVn^A^v
(tliis)

'flYl'-Cr:

^rt:
6,fl:
t^i^ft:

n«5.'- adj. bald,

bald-headed.

Lev.

41.

"what

jnofit

shall

birth-right do to
useless, UH/jrt-

n6'VV:

s.

baldness.

Lev.

xiii. 42.

me?" Ptnj^p^q: VJC^ "a
fitable talk (or thing)."

and fxC^tls.

s. Ar.^1^, lead, plumbum.

Cfl't"

inheritance, heritage, inherited property.

"Tfin:
?i«^n : Gen.

V. pass, to be profited by, derive
to

ad-

Heb. nU?"\
14.

Ar.

CL']P'

and

^y^.

Gen. xxxi.
wicked.

vantage from,

use

any

thing,

V. trs. to cultivate, use,

Rad. CD^rt"
pi.

xM.

34: "SslfnTl:
4

*^lXO: Eth.
Ps.
ix. 5.

iS^^'V'-'

impious,

make useful. Yjfi^nA'J: "we
by) cattle."
"cultivated
cattle."

cultivate

(train for use, live
iii.
:

Heb. ^eh.

2 Kings

JP^T

:

M\Cmuch

i.flt- adv. head-wards, on the head-side, about John xx. 12: tx'i^- i\6.t\'\: the head. IJ-AT?'(I>'9": mC't- "one at the head,

(trained, or simply kept)

d;n-

s-

Eth.

^nih: and £;n^::
1

Ar.

%;,,

—1:

and the second at the

feet."

The termination
i.q.

profit, gain, advantage, use.

Pet. v. 2: d^-fl to find (or

always signifies the direction,
toiiards.

the

A"«JlT't-: fi^^f\^f": "not
gain) profit."
Isa. Iviii.

English -ward or -wards,

9: ^^'fl'ja:

OAA

^i|»: adj. Eth. Crl*-*-/"'"' distant, wide, remote.

n-^: ilC.: a-Tt-nC: "antl if thou doest not speak (in) words in which there is no
profit."

Heb. pinn

:

.

"

i.n: ...i.UTl: 6.n:
Eth.

(

47

)

6.10:
a. pi.

.

.

<;Yl-H:

C^n::
occ.

Heb. y^n "esuriit."

Ar.

i.'fO: Eth.
xi. 6.

^.''f^'i". true, sincere, up2 Chr.
xii. 6.

C;^

"voluit,

gulosus

ventre, vorax fuit."

right, just, uncorrupted.

Prov.

Amh. non
ti.n-tkU'-.

V. p.

&
am

n. io feel humjer, to

hunger,

C^il^'^:
CfMi^h.'nignity.

adj-

Eth.

i.q.

<J,«J,::

compassionate,

be hungry, io starve,
" I

constr. 2:
/iuni/ry."

frnP
constr. 1:

.sparing, indulgent, merc'iful.
s.

(or

was)

compassion, indulgence, mercy, be-

ten.: inClh:
XXV. 35.

Rom.

xii.

"I was hungry." Matt. 20 fllA'TtJ'!?": fl.<^.
:

•n
i.-n:

:

"if thine

enemy

hunger.'"

Matt.

v. 6

^^•fl:
famine..

Eth.

s.

pro ^.'fl:

hunger, appetite,

PO^i.n»: "they
s.

that hunger."'

Phil. iv. 12.

Eth. d,-J-n.: Heb. nj;-j. hunger, appetite, famine. Gen. xii. 10. Ex. xvi. 3. <in4n: v.a. Eth. ^^nH: "expandit." to pile
up, to put in layers

C'i^ff: Eth. head, chief.

Actsxxvii.il,

it is

used according to the Ar.
^."iSjK:

\^j^J " captain''
revelation.

Eth.
1.

s.

v'lsion,

apparition,

upon

layer.

1

upon one another, lay layer Kings v. 17: ^<^f|Qn-^:

Gen. XV.

PP-fh'Jfj:

:

"the Revelation

of St. John."
" conspectus."

Ar. ijij

"quod videtur"

ln<J.: "they put (the stones) in layers upon each other," " reguhirly piled tliem up."

t^Q^:
Prov.

^Vi

;

v. a.

to

Rad. C."^ P ' Eth. Prov. vii. 18 overflow.
trop.

:

YlOD

s.

i.q.

d,'f\--

profit,

gain,

advantage.

xvii. 10.

"let us overflow Oy-KJ^: from loving" (voluptuousness).
ii.dy\:
trs.

"T^^yi:

Cn-0:

Eth. the fourth (1)

so.

day, therefore

Wednesday.
a quarter,
i.q.

Ar. ^J^Ly_

(2)

the/ourfA part,

Ixv. 10:

to make overfloiv, to overfill. Ps. 1'A'?"T'i: ISCyi: imp. "maA-e to overflow."

"i^^'fl::
sc.

her furrows
order of letters

d.'TlO: Eth. adj. the fourth

^Vl rt
Eth.

:

V. n. (1) to

be unclean, impure, defiled, &c.
vi.

in the alphabet, with the. long a,as

H: A:

&c.

«?^'n""rt

::

Gen.

11

:

gn^^i/U; ^Yl
(2) to

^1^:

Eth.

<^^0::
i.

(1) to be upright, sincere,

rt^: "and the earth was unclean."
be cheap, low in price.

candid, just.

(2) to win, to overcome,
e.)

conquer Ex.

(by speaking,
iv. 10.

persuade,

convince.

TxdXifi'

.to

make, hold for, consider
subjunct.
unclean.'^

as,

de-

clare unclean; to defile, pollute. Lev, xiii. 3.
:

'Td.'^
be

pass, to be overcome, lose one's cause,

^C^lldh:

"let

him

declare,

convinced.

Ps. cix. 7:

nT9"TlT:
pi.

pronounce him

JECD'"!:: "when he quarrels (or carries on a law-suit), may
T.H.:

t^^-f-'-

CXl'-tl- adj. verb, unclean, soiled, defiled, impure.

he (be beaten)

fo.se

his cause.""
(1) supper.

CTrrni:: Lev. xi. 43 rtOhiS'^lh'} 9": ?iL5'C^t'f-: " do not poZ^ufe yourselves,"
:

^'f: and


1

y^i.-'V-

s.

Pl^^l:
possession.

C'tr-ti

:

n09«: K^lYl-:
things,"
C'il'^'^Tf:

" neither touch

:

"the Supper of our Lord," "Lord's Sup(2)
i.q.
:

unclean
" that

>^^^^'U'^::

y,^
c'n-Vi
:

per."

Ti't':

goods,

you may not become
a.

unclean."

<^

Jolm in. 17 PH.«: t^A?": ^t": JPA " whoso hath this world's good." (I>«
:

^Yl.fl:

cheap.
1
s.

Ar.

^_/sJi-;.

'
Ex.
v. 2, 3.

^

C'h^l'l'lf":

uncleanness, filth, impurity.
xxxii. 25.

4^^:

s. i.q.

"h^^" aloes, cactus.

Deut. xxix.18.
(i.e.
:

CVt'-rir:
<i^Yl,ft^^

>

Lev.

Deut
^^

dot"^'gf^l^:

YlCn.: "aloes and myrrh"
Prov.
v. 4

an

CVl'-fli^:]
:

xxix. 17.

abundance of bitterness).

tt'i^ :

s.

pav^^:

cheapness, low price.

" bitter as aloes.'"

d.'^-n

:

s.

stirrup.

Vid.

tl_>l(.

and

i-'tlT.: Ar.
11.

^1^

"resina pini."

dij

Heb.

Jer. xlvi.

Ezek. xxvii. 17.

<iY>H

:

V. a. to

support, to uphold, inf. oroj^Yl-'H:

: :

trtaXl-H:

.

.

.

T4R:

(

48

)

dXs.

.

C'h'J"-

and tniC;Yl'-'H:: the and csp. crutch.

leaning, support, hold,

4E-

rose-shrub.
s.

Lud.
assistant,

T^TOH:
£^<p^:

V. pass.

& rcfl.

<^:
to he

Eth.

i^J^*?!::

esp. scholar.

supported, up-

Acts

ix.

36:

J\'}P-'I': ^JE^:
s. /irfp,
:

"a

certain

held; to support oneself, lean on.
s. Jibj,

female scholar."
^'jl/f- and «!^^ ?»,•>:
assistance.
7.

porlicus,
1

porch, walking-place
vi. 3.

support, succour,
:

with

pillars.
:

Kings

Gen.

xlix. 3

P^^K.'t^
assistance."
:

6.

i-(D^^
d.QS,:
*^*^.^ii.

s.
s.

<^*pcp.:

of rvater ? Ps. xxxiii. runner, one that runs.
collection

f|:

"and the chief of

my

d,S.-t-- id-

V. n. to tremble.
^-

Eth. Hcb.

-jj,»-i

id.

1 Chr. xix. 12: ^y^-1-t-inViiti "thou shalt be an assistance to me." v. 20

^^^^- the tremhling,

shaking, awe.

Ps.

d.^'f: iriA^CD':
(given) to them."

"

help or assistance -was

11.
s. s.

Heb.
Ar.
TJ

lyn

Ar. j^^.
kuddi. rice.

d^'H:

dankali:

d^'
which eats grass-

s.

helper, deliverer, supporter.
is

Ps. ix. 9

:

I^ClV: «!l^T'a>': i(D': "he
verer."

their deli-

i.H

a large

wliite bird,

hoppei-s.

^HO^'. y.^. tobe long. Ex.xx. 12: 0^'"2il: ^t^TI?" HIJ^ "that thy age may be long." J^^H'^": Sict.to prolong, tol.engihen,)nakelong.
: :

iiS"9**: adj. long; sometimes, high. &.&.: "a Aif/A mountain.''

:

"T

^|i^mj:

adj. vwi/ /oni/, wr;/ high.

The reducf.

plication increases the force of the idea con-

Ykti^HO^:
distant."

id.

to lengthen, prolong.

Matt.

tained in the original adjective,
"%»:

J'AA
others.

XV. 8: Kfltfi^'HnP:
stence,"

^C3'A=

"i^ ^'^^y far
" its
exi-

S'rt'h
xiii.

:

•JDAll1l9°':

and

Here should {^"ptiT:
length, longitude.
:

Num.

32.

be supplied.
s.

(^'HOU^:
xiii. 17.

POVQYl'I}:

Gen.

vi.

15:

(1) to co<j^;3: v.n. Eth. «i^^O: Tigr. i^T^" agulate, to curdle, of milk and other fluids.

"the length of the ship."

(2) to settle, (n.) of fluids, as of

a turbulent
of

P'J^M'd.^: CTHO™-!": "Eastern longitude." Qlion-p: ftl->: |a>.Geogr.
is its

sea and other water, and trop.

human

"What

length?

How

long

is

it?"

4K: v.a.Eth. 4JJ?i: Tigr. 4^?^.:: <o help, Gen. ii. 18: P^-'Vd.^ay-'i: assist, succour. "one who assists (is to assist) him." Ex.
xviii.4.

storm of passions. Ex. xv. 8 qni^^D: ^^: "and its waves subsided." Y\^^: adj. to make coagulate, to assuage, to silence. Jobx. 10 >»'}J^: ffl-f-i': ?id.!*l

temper

after a

:

of

my father has

^q-tr: ?i9nA!l: ^.S.^: "theGod holpen me," inf. otjq^^:
assMcd, receive
help, svp-

fj"Tl^: "like as milk, hast thou poured me out;" )\1<E:C19»: ^idjTf^M: "and like

cheese hast thou curdled me."

cf.

the Ar.

"the helping, help, assistance, succour."

l^j "to return," and the Heb.
repeat," " to return to quietness."

i^i")

"to

T<iK-

P^®^- '" ^^ port, and assistance.
act. i.j.
:

Q'\: and
*o ^^^^-

"TxC,"^:

s.

cheese, curds.
inf.

T^.^:

<;E"

^''™-

'"^-

^^

p^n^^.P |J>i>: "be those who support," ^^•. V. a <o assure, persuade, convince, give eviRom. x. 10; po^^ Ar. I<^, dence, prove.
^dj^go: ^»^: _p^rA:
proves, will be saved."

^700

:

V. ai to curse, imprecate, execrate,

aD£^*|t|ra: "the cursing,"" " curse," " imprecation."

I" ^700: pass.

Gen.

iii.

14:

PT^lT^fi:

"the mouth which
evidence or cow-

U-^
Ch'P*iv. 11.

:

" be cursed."

adj. verb, cursed, i.q.

PTt^T"*:: Gen.
ix.

"VdS!,' P^^^'

^

^''''''

'"

'''^^'^^'"^

fem. (^"J7M-T: 2 Kings

34

:

y^jfi

viction, to be assured, convinced, persuaded.

Rom.

x. 9:

flAnU:

•fl'T^ii:: "if ^Aom
lieart."

T: C'n^'X'- >iP: "look at that cursed (woman)!" pi. (C;i.in}'5: and fem. t;'J.uij|-t'::
Matt.xxv.41: "i'lAI'ViO-"^!"- "ye cunec/."

art convinced in thine

:

«»^<i^:
d.ld.'^:
xl.
S.

.

.

0<5.:
mud.

(

49

)

YxO&.-

'

<ioa=

a

hog, marsh, pool, mire,

Ps.

^RATI?": P•"J,P4^^:
of which do not wither."
inf.

Tn«^"l09": f=^9- hfflq^: "and from the mud of the pool he took me out."
2:
Jer. xxxviii. 6.

"a"^ the leaves vmC^^Qj: " the
"the murof
robes.

fluttering, spreading, withering;"

gaf," the Abyssinians' best sort

O'fl:

s.

fem. C'ln.fs:: the generic

name

for

Vid.

anO^==
trs.

pigeon, dove.

There are several species of pigeons in Abyssinia, which have each their particular names. Vid. *PA^: WP*^}^:
Gen.
viii. 8, 12.
:

"h^S^i

to

beat

out

(the dust out of
vi.

clothes), to shake off.

Mark

11

:

^Q

jP:

"shake
feet."

off the dust
to untie, to

which
loosen,

is

imder

^IH

Amh. non occ. Eth. " fodit, icit." ttd^H: to conceive (of the woman at cohabitation), to
child.

your

unload (of

animals).

Gen. xxiv. 32

:

loo/v^l"?":
his

become pregnant, or become with
iv. 1.

t\^^:
camels."

"he unloaded (and loosened)
off,

Gen.
5.

TOH:
Ps.
li.

pass, to be conceived (of the foetus).

•t'^^A,'• pass, to be aired, shaken

cleansed

by exposure
:

to the air

and by beating.
to

CT-H
pi.

:

and ^kCT-Tl
Q'hl*'^':

adj. pregnant, with child.

Amh.
:

cm:
"

v, n.

Eth. <i^R-:: Heb. yi'l.

run.

Matt

xxiv. 19.

and Eth.

Gen. xxiv. 29:

>iCl>9": fkC^- CD"\'
went up (or out)." make run, cause to run ;
to

and

he, running,
'"

d.1ll\
to

and

d.lK'.'-'v.a. to tread, to trample upon,

^iCf^• ^^'
lead.

tread out, to tread under feet, &c.

Numb.

xxxii. 22:

fpi^QFi: U-tf. nd.f: >,ft^
'•

Chr. xxxii. 30: ^C"l''t-: (sc. O^^CD'T:) " who made it (the water) run."
2

1'4TT' :

KdS\

"

and

till

the whole country

Jer. xlix. 19:

is trod out

before him."

When a person, who

hCmTAU'f
to

:

"for I will

make

liim run."

ties, Ls rejected

has offered to reconcile two quarrelling paror not accepted by any of the

T&.(D(l\: intens.
the leprosy.

run about,
xiii.

to spread.

Of

Lev.

20:

quarrellers,

he uses to say

A^S":

11*1*^

:

<^"lIT»f^5': >»

rh-J^Ali*: "forasmuch as he has rejected me,
I better

go away."
pass. Luc. viii. 5: T^^Trtl: "it

flA-: tl^&,: T^ffl'TTAf: "for the leprosy has sprung up (broken out) in the place of tlie boil." inf. oo^.QO'y ; " running together, crowding,
turnult.

T«iTfn:
:

was

trodden down."

?t^1(Il caus. to cause or make one to tread. Markix. 18 ^d,TmTA9": "and makes him trample or stamp upon the ground."
:

d/V^:

Ar.

^j

s.

Amh. and
John

Eth.

£\'?C'- Gr.

XiTpa, a pound.

xii. 3.

xix. 39.

Vid.

?»fl4"im:

id.

Num.
it

xxxv. 24
n.l*I«nj:
to)

:

^Tin-yn:
"and
if

CTTI:

s.

&adj. humidity, moisture, wetness; and
e.g.

^Yi:
trodden
in

hfl<il"lf":

the

humid; wet, moist;

C/V'U: Idh: TxARd.
Ar. ^Jo;'

people hear
out^''

(so as

have

it (fully)

•pga:

" it is wet, it has not dried."

common

?\fl4"ir": here, and often conversation, is a strong pro-

Heb. ya") " moist."

« green," " fresh."

verbial expression for intensely, attentively,
minutely, over

d,mn:

V. n.

Heb. np-j

Ar. cS-L;', to be moist,

and over again, &c.

humid, wet.

^^cp.:
press,

s.

the ireader, esp. treader of the wine-

,?\<ifnn: to moisten, damp, used.) Generally lYl*^::

irrigate,

{seldom

2\mm::

and

^7^:
fade,

v, n.

(1) to spread,

extend oneself ;

to

flutter (of things
to

exposed to the winds).

(2) to
i.

CTH'T:

s.

humidity, motstness, wetness.
to sprinkle, slightly irrigate,

wither

away

(of plants).

Ps,

3

<tEl: v.a.

Ex. xii

"

:

:

fr^CO.:
22.
inf.

•• rt:

(

50

)

fl-

fl:

imp.

pi.

>iC01;: pro QVO:: sjmnkle.
:

OWCCO.Of

the sprinkling, affusion.

U): they call word >»»^-"j':
of these

it

"J^i^f

:

l1: the t\: of the

(fire).

Originally tliere
tlie

may

'T^CO.:

pfiss- "'as

sprinkled,

inf.

oo <» qj,.*!";
/o sprinkle.
:

;

have been a difference in

pronunciation

^kfl<:i^(XI.:

caus. <o

make or cauw
Acts xx. 24

two

letters,

^m,:

s.

course, race.

<J.tq,B,T:

to the difference

between
to in

perhaps corresponding i^ and i^ ic lie
the

course," 2

>»flVl<5.»g": J^4fl: Tim. iv. 7.
:

"until I finish

my

Arabic, and

D

and

Hebrew;

but.

at present, both are equally pronounced, as

*5iAi'nA.lQ

Eur.

s.

republic.

Vid, Geogr.
ostrich.

well in the

Amharic

as in the Tigre and in

<i^l^^-^: Ar. I—sJa) " young
lius

Vid.

Gofl

the Ethiopic.

Lex.

Lev.

xi. 14.

and

Jer. viii.

7. it is

:

as apreformafive to verbs, serves to form

intended for u
d.&.'P- '^•n- to
viii.

sio-rk. sit

participles of tinie, corivsponding to

at table (at a meal).

Matt.

glish parf/c/p/es present,
since, ichilst.

our Enand soluble by when,
It

11.

inf.

co(;;<5_^:

Eth. ffOQ^^tp:

It joins,
first

of course, in accord-

the meal, feasting, feast.'''

John

ii.

9

:

pijtaQ

ance with the
"JS:

consonant.

absorbs the

4.^: KAS*:
4<5.K=
sun.
V-

" ruler oi the feast."

without any change, the
f\:
it

impers. or rather referring to the
is forenoon.

turned into
Before JP :
the

It

4il^<5.K" ^'^^

0<^»^: ^<1^£J.KA: and "the sun is in the middle of his

by being and th JJ: by bcfoming fl^i: becomes rt. without changing
Yv':

^::

e.g.

|\A:

"saying," "as he said."

course from the horizon to the zenith.
JE: or <!>'}:

0^^

rt^lfi-:

"'being,"

"as, iclwn,

or since they

^^Q^^'flV^t" the
^- to pass or

"the forenoon

are or were."

comes upon me,"
?i«^(5.K"^'-

morning passes away."

am;"

"^AU-: "being," "whilst I fjcrorrj: "coming," "when I come."
"writing," "ivhen thou writest."
"praying,'
" doing," "

spend the forenoon. "K^g.^: ?\4«5..^: "How have you (>»C I*|(p: yoM sing.) passed, or ip'^ni fAe /orei.e.
!

f!^'R"6i.:

fl""rR<fVP:

IXFJETCT:
is

"uhcn you pray." when he does." Often

iwon?"

"Good morning" (orforenoon) S.Vi'- ^d.&.J^V- "Hast thou speni the
.-*

tion of time
"1:

T.H.: joined, quite plconastically, as the nois already expressed; e.g. fjTjI^C
"XVL- "ivhilst
i^j :

forenoon well
forenoon,
e.g.

we do." With the negative h:
often signifies hfore, ere, pre-

?ifl<i^d.K- caus.

^0

maA-e pass or spend the

becoming

it

when persons

part with each

other in the course of a morning, he
goes, says to

who

/\'nC*i9": "l^fflAj^': "before Abraham was born." John viii. 58. •^^E.lf
"F: "before they

viousto; e.g.

him

that remains
(sc.

met

ytl^Q.RM- "May He
rather, in well-being).

fl^tir God) cause
:

together," Matt.

i.

18.

— fl:

is

often used as an enc/^/con, joined to
&c., in sentences

thee to spend the forenoon in health " (or

nouns and pronouns,

which

The answer

is

:

K

are afterwards followed by explanatory or

"

Amen may He
!

cause thee also to sjjend

TJ:
e.g.

contradictory conclusions, where a 3^4, : or or "klQ: Ti: coiTesponds to this tl"

the forenoon well "

!

Then

follows the last

O&'P^tl:

h^SL-J-ff]*!^:

£<.:
is

"^I'lg:

reply: "hP^Ti'

"Amen!"
9,

0(I>«I>'F:

Pf^y^CI:
is

rtCD-: a)K.->: .ET

^^^.
lasting

s.

forenoon, beginning about
after 11 o'clock in the

and

iAit;

"as for knowledge, there

no want of

till

morning.

but

where

the

man

to be found that

acts according to his

knowledge .3"
or,

Some;

times
fi:

it

connects several nouns together, and

may
it

be rendered and,
the

where

rt:

fl^:

SAT,

the seventh letter of the Abys-

would do the same
gives

service.

90 and f Sometimes it

sinian alphabet.

To

distinguish

from the

sentence

a

peculiar expression

— "Tir-T'lA:
wliich corresponds to the

(

51

)

«TlA:

.

.

flA'l'

Greek

ye, rot,

and

the like nice particles, and cannot very well be turned into English. Vid. Rom. viii. 32,

«TlA: V, n. to cough.
Ill

Etlu

rtOA:

Ar.

J>»««,.

A:

s.

a cough: alLas "ign^-}:;

33, 34, 35.
lY
:

qformciive, but

is

used in short and eme.g.

phatic questions, which serve for replies to

lijAi^si /le is (at hand) or ei«/*. formed like an ass, but with •TiA: s. an animal long horns which stand straight up. Abys-

•lA:

no. t\'

J^A:

preceding statements;

sinian informants.

"XlA:

(h.J^::

"N. N. is gone." Ques. 'foYi-V^: "But his wife?" Answer: YiCJ"I': P6^- th.^^: " She is gone with him."
fltJT'^: and fl/hT'l": tical and theoretical;
Lev.
V.
1 9.

IXA:
to

part.
:

temp. 3

p.

m.

sing, of the verb

2\A:
f\

say

saying
nnrl
;

" whilst ;

he says or said"

^A:
«.•

fern,

"whilst she says"';

fl^A:
fpm.;

2 p.

m.

rt^t»-

fi^Fi

ff

9

n.

r^^-

anri

s. er-ror,

mistake, prac-

heresy, blunder, fault.

where

also

the derivation from

•TlT: Eth. fl/hT: is given.

flA
of,

:

because, for the sake of, in favour

of,

instead

for, concernimj, on.

XlH.h-flth.C^

^^^

tlQfl-i-tl: 9n"nC: ^«?«4fA: "God is gracious unto us (has mercy upon us) because

fin A'p. inei.1 1 p. rt,A : ?i^<J.: a certain bird of prey, probably hawk. Deut. xiv. 12. flAA: V. n. <o 6e hoarse, to have a sore throat. Ps. Ixix. 3. and of members of the body to
1 p. s.

pl.;

fli^A": 2 rtLA-: 3 p. pi. Vid. tvf\-: pi.

:

he lame, iv'ithered.
rt

Matt.

xii. 10.

of (for the sake of) Christ's merits." t\t\.' •3rt»1: why? what for? on what account?
wherefore?

AT"

:

Eth.

Ar. *!«» Heb. Cib^, peace, hapIs

p'lness, prosperity, safety, quietness.

not used

flAHtl:

therefore,

(pro fJA:

in common lanOTagfe, for fear of falling; in with

flAS.: "on my accounV^; flATT: fl ACI*!"" ^^- "onihjaccountr "oh his account.''''

^U:)

Mahometanism.
•?";f'
:

In salutation they use |lA
reli1*1

5''i^.

;

but in the Scriptures, and in

\\cS\-^t\- t\e\V.^p^v. ftARW^: t^V-Yi:5(Il.?i'V: U"A«: >»"ltro"^:: "Christ died
for us; therefore
sin.'

gious conversation,
XV. 15.

A9":

is

used.

Gen.

Ex.

xviii. 7.

let

us die unto (from)

all

J\i^^ati:
tations.

v. trs. to

send greetings or salu-

rtOh: :JnX?i^'i: flA: rtd.: JKqn
" because

^ift :
die)."

man has sinned, he dies (must ^t|: goO^.Q.: flA: '^^o^ri':
treats on faith."
1.
1,

1"i^^oo:
tl^V'3"respects,
s.

a. to greet, to salute.

greeting, salutation.

rtA^'^J'i^

^f^<5.^:: "this chapter
1

*i: flrtlfly*:

"give him

my salutation," my

Cor.

viii.

4.

xii.

1,

3.

xvi.

&c.
:

or compliments.
:

t\f\.:

V. n.

to succeed, prosper.

2 Chr. xx. 20

f'AfS'P

A

s.

glutton,
:

a voracious person.
n. to

n^,"?": U-A-: n^-?-: J£7lA¥:l.A: "and
every thing will be found prospering unto
you."
Vid. Ar.
"j-'^

TTtr'A°r'A
quick.

V.

be

gluttonous,

vo-

racious, to eat

a large quantify enormously
(used of

" rectS habuit."

Heb.

7''3ton, " to act wisely," " to prosper"

I^Afl: V. men).

a.

to emasculate, castrate,

?irtA:
ceed,

V. a. to give prosperity, cause to suc-

make prosper.
'•?•

Gen. xxxix.
Gal.
iii.

3. 2.

•lA: TiTlA:
1^

"^lA: &c.
Eth.

TrtAil: pass, to be rtAH: s. (1) eunuch.
soldiers

castrated, emasculated,
(2)

prey of plundering

and of robbers.

A:

V. n. to be sharp.

rtdiA

:

" ucuit."

lhy\

A

:

trs.

&caus.

fo

sharpen, cause to sharpen.

flA'^: s. (1) sharpness, acuteness ; arms, and any tiling that cuts. Gen. xxvii. 3. Rad.
if^A:

•f»i^/^; pass, to he sharpened ; to vow,

make
Lev.

"tobe

sharp."
3.

a vow
xxvii.

or solemn promise, to devote.
2, 9,

(2) vow.

Lev. xxvii.

Rad. i^jA:

" to

make

14, 20, 23.

a vow."

h2

tlAt:
fl A'l'
:

•'

.Trtoq:

(

52

)

Trtf"!"^:

..

.

«Tl"^:

s. air,

tune, melody.
stiid- ;
lazij.

tltiH': v.n. to be putrid, to
loathsome,
constr.
ii.

trop. to be

tl-f": ?kAl:*rt"^9":: "such a thing has never been heard of."

disgusted,

to

be

Ex.

v. 8.

•l«rtaqtrq: reciproc.
to

Tigr. Trttujgncj.::
accord, harmonize, to

rtA^-TTAf:
Apoc.
:

" for they are lazy."'

agree together,

to

pret neg.
'

^kArtA^tI9n: "thou
ii.

hast not
c.

suit.

been

idle.'"

3.

pres. apoc.

conj.

Ex. XV. 20: nTrtt"/"^: YlflCr: q^qtJ: with the timbrel and the atamo
••

'>V'iS;£rt A=rtl Prov. XXV. 17.

" lest

he be weary of thee."

(vid.

?\J-qD:) which

harmonized (toge-

ther)."

flA3P: s. a leather-bay (in the Shoa dialect In the Gondar kingdom, and in Argobba, they
use )\^oi)^: in Tigre
1*1

n<J.-r?°^'5: A.rtt"J"g: "to agree with labourers," ;. e. to engage them.
Matt. XX.
1.

"S^Atl:

l^A•^: "^Cff:

Ar«>«!*^'*"::^

A.1

:

s.

date-free,

and

its

brandies.

Lev.

xxiii.

40. The fruit is called "fT^^:: llAm.: s. i.q. 11)^01.'}: q.v. Num.

"these two do not agree with each other." JEtl (Dt!^' ?k^l1aTjori}7n: "this report does not
agree,"
cnj't':
try,
i.e.

nCM^'ur: J^xn^y"""*/":

xxv.

7.

is

suspicious.

inf.

oiii^tnj

rtAm:
rtA«5.
:

and rtAfili:
V. a. to
s.

deriw. v. lUAfll:: jneparefor war, and to go to war.
c.
it.

harmony, accord, agreement, symmefitness, suitableness, &c. part. rel.

t\6t^-

war, esp. preparation for
s.

pret.

PTrto^oij:

that

whicli

accorded,

rtA^:

immoderate

eater, glutton, &c.

agreed;

accordant, agreeable, harmonious,
part. rel. pres.

fl£%.&/^:

warrior, soldier.

suitable, fit.
s.

po^^t\o^
;

rt^a: and rtgoo: At.
i.

^^.

wax.

Micah

oq:

that which accords, agrees, joins

nc-

4.
:

cordant,
V. a.

&c.

part.

temp.

rt.rio^t"J:
i.e.

rtoq

rt^DO

:

Eth. Ar. ^Ji:,
to listen, to
1

Heb. 5,^2^,

according, agreeing, harmonizing,

when

to hear, to

harken,

obey, to under-

or while

(it)

accords, &c.

stand,

constr. 2.

p.

sing.
iii.

rt^^SFAlhi":
:

2\rtaijaq;

trs.

of the preceding, to jyroduce
agree, to join together, to
:

"for

/

have heard."

Kx.

7

YldJTi: ?»^.
J^fl crof|

harmony,

to

make

l*|ai29U: "he does not listen to wliat I say."

make
fitted

fit.

Ex. xxxvii. 8

Yl.tJ^fLAIT"

:

"he does
:

not understand vrliat I say."
!
'•

"ntlCjet^:

O™'^ ttX'X
mj-t*::

"

Hear me. Sir

"'

inf.

^irtw^aiT: "and he the cherubim above the mercy-seat."

OAJR:

As they have not, in the Amharic, any distinct word denoting the reception of impressions by the senses, they use |*loq:
for the purpose
;

inf. «Tqf|crqinj-"t'::

rtoi;^:

s.

verb, hearer, hearing, one that hears.

^C- "«
viii. 8.

hearing

ear."

Matt.

xi. 15.

signifying also to feel, as well

Luke

in the

mind

as in the body; e.g. (JJ'^'^'J: fain."

Ouo:
kiss.

v.a. Eth. flOatt:-.
inf.

Tigr. fic^oij:: to

TkrtcnJAlh: "I feel

-flQKr'i-

^
to

aoi^9D:
e.g.

the kissing,

a

kiss.
;

o^l>:
also,

"//<?/< cold."
to

imp. kiss;
hear, cause to hear;
to enchant,

Gen.
27.

xxvii.

2G

flT": i^OU^J:
he

hfl°^i- caus.
to

make
inf.

"kiss

me."

v.

iT|on(i>.70:

"and he
relat. "

practise
to
spell,

witchcraft,

^isW him."

P9^f|oiJ(i>^: part,

charm,
XX.

afjfiaVi^::

Deut.

whom / kiss,"
inf.

Matt. xxvi. 43.

?vA*'T'7": XT: hJ^O®-: qi*|aD<: T^H.: "and when the chiefs, calming or quieting, (shall) have made
9:

•t'l^OTD: pass, to be kissed, to receive

a

kiss.

ooi^yu;:
to kiss

•t'l^i^ao: recipr.
iv. 27.
inf.

one another.

Ex.

(them) hear."
I-I^nrq: pass,

ODi^i^yn::
a favou-

vufimi^::
Jias been

and obeyed, inf. KA°'t:Trt"^: "my prayer
to be heard,

i^o^:

stinging-nettle, uitica ^•ulgaris;

rite food

with the Abyssinians during their

heard."

>k1j?,U:

^A:

llC:

seasons of fasting.

:

: :

fl9n:...f|o^l:
f|«?n:
s.

(

53

)

rt."»iro

rt^"

Heb. DC>

"name by which a man (commonly) is called," i.e. common name of persons, which is generally given to them by

Pf"tRi.n^:

Ar.l^J
:

name.

fl(D-:

and Tsaggade in the N. W.; by Waggera and Dembea in the W. and by Bellessa in the S.
;

It is

the highest country of

all

Abyssinia,

containing mountains (Amba Hai, Bewahid),
of

the mother after birth.
" Christian

P^Cfl'1'1:

more than 14,000
s.

feet absolute height.

name," received in baptism. (The

rt.oi^f£^:
flipi'ii\':

Eur. seminary.
Eth. ft OO' -J::

Abyssinians, like other Eastern nations, have

eight.

Tigr. ht"*-

no family names).
•'what
is

flOT»':

ogT:

^QX-:

-if::
cipher
is

Heb. T^p)S
^;: ^iM'jJ.:

Ar.

his

(its)

name?'"

90*}:

^tf^^'
of

Jj,

hSi^.

Its
IS.

:

eighteen.

ISs

fjOO''^: " what do they

call its

name?''
(2) n. pr.
1^ 170-5 •t':

rt9"4C:
tlie

9.

(1)

a certain flower.

the country between Arkeeko and Halai", on

^^_g•: "a journey of eight days." Had. t\au\: Eth. "octo s. week.

N.E. frontier of Abyssinia.

confecit."

flOO-ffO': adj. verb, harmonious, agreeing, accordant, suitable.
Jit.

fl^^'iT?: adj. eighth. i^qnjf s. & adj. officiating
:

minister,

who

is

in

fltpatp*:

s.

accord, agreement, harmony.

tl'^i.:

Gen. xli. 2: "they were grazing." inf. JErt'"?^,: \ilC,'
v.n. to pasture, to graze.

"^qof: or weekly turn of doing duties. flOTj-jy: num. eighty. Its cipher is ^:: : 00 -f-: "eighty : ?^^J^: "eighty-one.
his

hundred,"
?krtoy<J.:
trs. to pasture,

i.q.

f\^f^'\'V: fiU: "eight thou-

make

graze, to feed.

sand.

Ar.
s.

,

,UU;

Heb. '^2bO.
is

Gen. xxix. 7: lh,!^,^^U': Kfi^^^: "go and/eed." Ex. xxii. 5: Yl'O'fiT": f!.^

rt9"0: tlU^O:
heard;

wax.

Vid. tVP^i

s.

Eth. the hearing, and that which
therefore, testimony, witness.

fl'^6.: "and
xxxi. 10:

if

he feeds his cattle."

Jer.

Heb.

HI: mT^^": "^"l^OM:
liis flock,

iTDC) "auditus," "vox," "fama."

Rad. flffo
Ex. xxxi. 7

YklJ^yrtt^i.: yrtinj^S.TA: "andas
a shepherd yeerfs
him."
(so)

he

shall feed

^19*"^.^: Samaritan.

Luke

x. 33.

I^cnjfijp; n. pr. Samaria, i^rjfoq: s. the lungs. Tigr. i1«?"t10:: Eth.

O: K'ttfi.: tll^O: "thearkof^Ae testimony." Revel. XV. 5: Pg'flTi^: fiyO: ora^J^fl: " the sanctuary of the ark of the testimony." Eth. witness, but esp. naprvp, rtoi}ff't-:s.
martyr.

Eth.

rttnj: Amli. "to hear."

Acts
s.

xxii. 20. state

ilnn>»::
tll^nC.'s.

the inner lining of the stomach.
Jc ^
s.

rt'"JO"t'l't':

and

deposition of a witness,

testimony, witnesship,

martyrdom.

Rev.

xi. 7

ll9"n-^: and fem. rt^on-^'t^:
pi.
saj'Juj

Ar.

jyJu
"

boat.

Actsxxvii.

16.

and when they bad finished their testimony."
s.

rtmj^:
i(^00'{*:
Ital.
s.

Ar. ?U*i
|'|ai5_S''S|':

Heb. Q^iQC) heaven,
the heavens,

sky.

Ar.

jjj^'-^

Gr. 6
savon.

ffcaruv,

Lat

sapo,

sapone,
s.

French

Germ,

seife;

—soap.
Rad.

pi.

Eth.

aa-^'qiuu

T:
pi.

l^qof:

weekly

class,

order, ward, weekly turn
1

flf^y-t". "the kingdom Amh. rtuijp-^::

of the heavens."

of officiating priests.

Chron. xxv.

8.

rtaijjp«i>: adj.

m. rtaiJJP«5-t-:

f.

(1) heavenly.

rttro-1: Eth. "octo." fiail'^: a. the north. Ex.xxvi. 20.

(2) sky-coloured, azure, light-blue.

Ex. xxvii. 1 6.

flQ:
to

s.

Vid. ^mJQ::

fiaqT:
;

n. pr. si^men,

a province of Abyssinia,

rtjj.: V. a. |*I(^fh:

Eth.

to

work, to labour, to do,
the working, labourii.

bounded by the river Taccazze in the E. and N. by the provinces of Waldubba, Walk'ait,

make.

inf.

ODfj^.-Y:

ing, the work,

worhnanslup, labour. Gen.

2

:

:

tfl6.:

flC/i'-l':

(

54

)

r'i.'t-.-.tic.p-t-i

Prt^CD'l: Afl^.ni':

fl^.:

^KfTO: "finished

the
:

work

water of
Prov.
f'd.'T':

theft

or

stealth," i.q.
iv. 2.

"stolen water."

which he (had) made."

Matt, xxvii. 22

"^T
also,

ix. 17.
s.

Hos.

"tihat shall I do with

him?"

Sural, in India.
is called

By this name every
is

Trt ^:
to
]hil*l<S^.:

pass, to bemade, wrought, or done
1

merchandize

which

supposed to

encamp,
trs.

Sam.

iv. 2.

inf.

trort<;.^::
or labour,
is

come from

that city, especially toljacco-leaves,

& caus.

to cause to xvork

to set at ii-ork, to see that
inf.

something

done.

tliz

s.

OTjfli.^:: labourer, tcorkman ;
'flii^'t':

which are ground for s;n/^; smiffitseM; a sort of coarse blue or red cotton-cloth known by the name oi Surat-clolh ; &c. Sometimes they
use it for their own Gy-C^- •Ih'/^nT': <J-v. fli.'VV' and ta.'VV' s. labourer, esp. daylabourer,

dustrious,
siidth,

adj. laborious, in-

:

and PTI*^^:

mail that loorks in iron.

2 Chr. xxiv.

workman

in general, artisan.

12.

Rad. rti.::
s. s.

rti.T:
to

iVi:
fl^Q:

breeches, troivsers, pantaloona, dratcers.

a horse, whose legs, from the hoof the knee, as well as forehead and chest, are
s.

plaited or coupled thin thongs or straps

white, while the rest
fliS.r:
s.
:

is

brown.

of leather.
rt.C|: s.

Lev.

xiii. 48.

a sort of bread made of pease-meal.
s.

a

rattling breath.

tlC.'iGi'

Tigr. nostril.

flQ:
fli^:

Vid. U£Of;::
s.
:

work, labour,

art, business,

employment.
that has

tlCi"^: Eth. and Tigr. wheat. Amh. fn^." rtC^l s. Eth. evening, time before sun-set. Luke
:

^^-

and

fj«J.:

Q.^- "a man

iv. 40.

nothing to do,"
tl^d.'- 'v.n. to

" idler," " loiterer."

lX«5'5l:

s.

(1)

nom.

pr. Sirach, father of Jesus,
(2)

sail, to ride,

on horseback or in
CVl-fj:
it

the author of an apocryphal book.
horizontal space

a blank

a coach.

P(l^,^,n-'VU°:
inf.

"and

that on which he rides, let

.eihl: be un-

on a written page between

two

divisions.
:

clean."

aatin^C".
navigator, rider.

rtC^ fi
ri

s.

back-door, or

any other
inf.

secret

door

fH.i:

s. sailor,
:

of an house, court-yard, &c,

rt^^-ff

Tigr. a certain plant.
V. a. to sting, prick, pierce.

4P

:

V. a. /o

pardon, forgive,
to

cro fj ^Ji

:

tl^tld,-

'frt^P:
inf.

pass,

be pardoned, or forgiven.
:

fl^'p:

V. a. i.g.

At. Jy*,

to steal,

oof)^

inf.

^•"^AfEx. xx. 15: l^^^tl

ODrtaiJZ:: Lev. xvi. 30 ^rt^JEA "for an atonement,'''' or " propitia-

4>: the stealing, theft.

tion shall be

made

for you."

4^: "do
"he took
a person:

not stsaC
it

rt^^-T: (DllK®':
or
f-i/-

?iiflTrt<iP: caus.
pitiate, to atone,

<o

induce to forgive,

to

pro-

by

stealth,

sfealingly.'"

From

—ft — ::
stolen

make atonement,

intercede.

n^:

"

they have
pass. <y

my

A-fSltJ: fl^.'^ cloth /rom me."
inf.

Exod. XXX. 16:
order
to

ytlfflC,^: H'i^:

"in
:

atone, propitiate.''^

Lev. xvi. 10

ttl^^-

Gen. xxxi. 39:
stolen,

oofi^^y. ie rfo/en. PTrt^l'®''^?": Yl?„:
it

that which was 'T'la)': inCtl: "and

^flTrtC.^n'l': HIJ^: "in order fopropitiafehy it. v. 16: ^fi't"flC.PA^(I>'7": " and let him make an atonement for them."
Yl3fri.?\:!'^fl>*: "from or because of their

thou requiredst

at

my

hands."
to steal,

cause Yifld.'P- caus. to make steal, seduce or lead to stealing.
thief. rt<5.«t= s- ihe stealer,

ACl"f- "iSflUjPrtTrt CJ2: JJ'4rt: "until he shall have atoned inf. tnjfl'Vtl^^: for himself." Lev.
sins."
v.

17:

fiq^: and UC.^- s. theft, stealth. 0—: rfibK= "he went away (as it were) by slealth."

xvi. 17.

flC^P'V:
'

s.

pardon, forgiveness, reconciliation,
atonement.

flC^

:

s.

hiccough.
s.

Shoa.

propiliat'ion,

P — ^P't-:
:

"the

flC*'!':

stealth, theft; e.g.

P—

:

O)':}: "the

ark of propitiation. Lev.

xx-i. 2.

improperly

=

I^C^:...
for

ri«1:

(

55

)

fllV:..- Trtl'^:
Vid.

p—
n.

:

H-«tT: "f P'^flTfl^iJPrflS.d.:
17.
S^J'io.

fll"!*:

Awm-::

Ex. XXV.

i^M:
sometimes used for 'Assyria.'
* certain plant.
flA'l':
s.

Vid. U£fii|::

f'C,^'

pi".

Vid. f^f^-t"-:
Tigr. flfifl-f--

I^Cyi.= Syr Jan.

t'tl'f-

num. Eth. UJAflf-::
Heb.
Cj'^UJ three.

rtCP"
11.

'^^^ •"'C'^- ^*
Isa.

Job

viii.

Ar.iiL*

UJA»*1:—
the

XXX vii. 27.
s.

" thirty-iAree."
6.

flC.K.fft'

Gr. ffaphvos,

Revel, iv.

3.

the sardine-stone (a

gem).
o.

I^flff :
third

adj. third,

da.j."''

fem.

flC.^'iYlP-tl: s. Gr. o-a|o5oi'i;^, (a gem). Rev. xxi. 20.

sardomjx

fT: "on pfiff P-f"
e.g.
:

flflVi.y.

s.

& adj. light-minded,
dissolute,

wanton, frivolous,

talkative,

lascivioits.

Num.

v. 12:

tlCKV^'irri::

s.

Gr.

crd/j5(of, 6.

ibid.

At^j^

flCIii. 1.

s.

wedding, nuptials. Gen. xxix.

22.

John

Ifi: 'f\^'i^GPU^' "if any man's wife be
dissolute,

and despise him."

Prov. xxvi. 28

;

I'lrti': T^Q.' " a/a^erJTir/ (talkative)

mouth."

rt-rt^^l^:
tld.&,V. a.

s.

lightmindedness, fickleness,

wan2 Cor.

Ar. t_i^,

<o

exchange,

to

lend

tonness,

loquacity, frivolousness,

ill-behaviour,

money.
fli'Q,'
s.

2

Kings

xii. 1 1.

petulance, dissoluteness, lasciviousness.
xii. 21.

Ar. i-J]^, banker, money-changer.
12.

Matt. xxi.

rt.'^.E:
i.

s. food,

nourishment, meat, victuals. Gen.

rtC^.

^-

(J^i'Med cotton-cloth.
s.

29.

Rad. rt^rtP:

Eth. "aluit."

(Vi'&^tl'
fl^f'-s.

Heb.

D"'D~iiy

seraphim.

Isa. vi. 2.
::

i^1>: V. n. Eth. lUih1>::
to

Heb. pHfe?
laughing,

Ar.

j^'

a third part of any thing. Eth. f^tftl
thinness, flatness
;

laugh.

Gen.

xvii. 17.

inf. aTJi^«|>:: to

?».i^«J»: trs. to excite to

cause and

fjfl:

s.

adj. thin, flat.

Isa.

produce laughing.

XXX. 22.
fjill:

num.

•^^
?.</.

:

s.

laughter, ridicule, derision. Ps. xxxviii. 16.
ii.

i>i^: v.n. <o
silver."

flj^"^:: sixty. pi^i^: -(1^: "thin be thin, flat,

Eccles.

2.

Ex. xxvii. 17.
act. to

rt'S'A: V.

a.

& n.
tlie

to

hang

; esp. to crucify,

inf

f^^l^:
I. 2.

make

•Jofl^A:

hanging, crucifixion, the cross.

thin, to attenuate, to flatten.

Ex. xxvii. 6:
p. sing,

K'lflTtJ: (constr. m.) ?iA'nOlV(D': literally,
f|*I"?°:

Gen. xxiv. 47: •I'An'r'J": rt't'AlhA^: " I hanged (act.) a ring upon her."

" and

brass
i.

attenuating

overlay

or line

Trt^A:
to

pass.

&n.
to

to

be hanged, crucified,

them,"
to be
1^ 1^
:

e.

" line or overlay

them with
(or ordered

hang; trop.
30:

adhere, to be attached. Gen.

brass which thou hast

made

xliv.

made)

thin (by

hammering)."
blunder.
constr. (1)1*'^

A^":"and
soul."

iQXt-1^- nH.tJ: Y^fl: Ttl^A his soul hangs on this (lad's)
a building.
(2) large,

V. to mistake,

make a

'I'l^i^: pass, to be mistaken,
fl-t-::

rt«?A:

s.

(1) cross-beam in

constr. (2)

mistake,"

ti^fl^'TA: "it is a "an error," "a blunder;" and,
mistake.'"
a.

spacious house, generally oblong, covered with straw.

"he has made a
rti^:
V. n.
to

fl^A'1':

s.

crucifixion, esp. the
i.e.

&

Eth.

UIM'O:

fiTion of
" insatiabilis

our Lord,

day of the Good Friday.

cruci-

fuit,"
1

be covetous, to covet, to be greedy.
:

rt%C=

s.

Job. xxxix. 13.
s.

Ar.^

a

luiwk.

Sam. xiv. 32 rhU-flV": A9"C^: *'iff: "and the peoi^le were greedy after the spoil."

rt^ril'

:

Eth.

trellis,

grate, lattice. Prov. vii. 6,

l^^c|>: non occ.

Vid-UJi^::

Trt't'1': pass.

& n.

to be disgusted at,

wea-

:

: :

hfi'p'p.'-hfim.:
ried of, io abhor.

(

56

)

tinnd.:
rtnn<i^: intens.
vi.

fint-:
to

Lev. xxvi. 30

:

\ ^,1^7"
soul
shall

break entirely.

Dan.

1'l1l'I'?*'¥'iA'H^:

"and

my

abhor you."
''

21: i'uniM'CD'lT": U-A-: llon |^q>sp(p,: " and they broke all their bones

/krt*t"i': trs. to create disgust, produce abhorrence.
Isai. xiv. 16.

into pieces."

Tfinnd.:
2 Chr. xxxv. 25.

lTl«!»-3*<I>': s.

Eth. lamentation.

rtnn^:: 2 Chr. XXV. 12: IJ'ft-9": T rtnn<J.:: "and they were all
pass, of
the breaker, one
s.

Jer.

iii.

21. Title of the

Book of Lamentations.
Heb. C^ltt;

broken in pieces."

Amh. A^P::
rtl: and rt-fH^: num. seventy. Ar.
toir^"

rtn i:
rtl^Ji:

who

breaks.

Micah ii. 13.
piece,

any thing broken, broken
Ps. cxlvii. 17:

ment.

"K^K: rtHi.:

frag"like

rtn: and UJT:: v.n. Eth. UJ'llfh: "pinguis fuit." to be fat. PrtH: which is or was fat, and merely /a<.
?iir*n: trs. to fatten.
«^ll: V. a.

fragments (morsels)."
rt'flC'
s. s.

spices.

Luke

xxiii. 56.
is
:

flni:
Job

fragment, a piece which
2 Sam., xi. 21

broken

off.
:

rtrhn: Eth. tldifh: Tigr. Heb.
to
inf. oiJi*i-f|:

IHO
draw,

xxxviii. 39.

PCDQJP'

:

"a piece of a

millstone."

"traxithumi; laceravit deglutiitque."
to pull.

fl'fiC: ^j- Eth.
tured.
fl'fl<i''l':

i.^.

P'ttiUd.:: broken, fracs.

<Ae drawing, pulling.

nfflR-fro^yu: JEflflTA: "and draweth him in (into) his trap." imp. "In^: "draw me." Cant. i. 4.
Ps. X. 9:
1

and

flTB^.""!*:

the breaking, frac-

Lev. xxiv. 20: fl'll<5.^: flfl •fl^.^T: "breach for breach." Isa. xxx. 26
ture, rupture.

:

'T'*!!!: pass, to he draivn, or pulled,
i^-fl::

inf.

tro

>»°iH.?i'fl(h,C: PAi'Hn-'J: tl-m.-'V: tlOl '}\'- TLH.: "when the Lord bindeth up the
breach (fracture) of his people."

iK'^fl:

trs.

& caus.
vii.

<o

mahe draw,
:

to cause to
. • .

Hosea
:

xiv. 4

draw.
'Jllf-:

Prov.

16

?tA;JK^:

2^<1

"I have ordered my bed to be overdrawn, i.e. to be decked, or lined."

ti-ni.n-H'ay^'i • >i<5.(i>"«lAih heal their /rarfwre."

"i win

I^ni^ri:
collect,

V. a. to
inf.

gather, assemble, congregate,
::

fl'fl^^:
Col.
iii.

s.

Eth. thanksgiving, praise, glory.

tJD ^-fi fl-f\

16.

Rad.

rt'flfii:

"

laudibus extulit,

Tl*inrtn:
to meet,

pass.

& refl.

to be gathered,

assem-

celebravit"

Deum.
Heb. "Sy^ ^^- r^

bled, collected, to gather themselves together,
inf.

oortflrt'fl

::

1

Cor. xvi.

1

hn<^:

V. a.

break, to

flA»^rtni*ina>: "concerning that which
is collected."

frajclure, to crash, to shatter,

the brea/cing, fracture; e.g.

inf. oofinCPJ^T?": "/hfl

^fi li fsn

:

caus. to cause a collection, gathering

Yl: oofint^: Rd.ft': "they arrived at the breaking Ms door" i.e. "went so far as to break his door," or "had nearly broke his
door," Gen. xix.
9.

or meeting.

rtnflT^:
imperial.

Gr. ae^aa-Tos,

^,

ov,

"Augustus,"
to

Acts xxvii.

1.

JZOil:

>»g>: ?V'l-fl
(or furni-

rtfli*: Ar. ixa "tinxit

pannum,"

dye

cloth.

nC= "^^ ^ot
ture)."
'•

6rea/f this vessel

Ex. xxxv. 35.
'Trtn*!': pass. ibid.

p:im.?»-r?^i: vcti-. fincTi: thou hast broken the tooth (or teeth) of the
iii.

iTinl'A: non occ.

sinners," Ps.

7.

'TrtTl'A:
inf.
:

to be tender, delicate.

Jer. vi. 2

:

Trt n^:

pass.

&

n. to be broken, to burst,

""rtnC" PTlln/i: A-n

a broken

heart,

PTrtH'I'A^: "tender, delicate.'''' fm'f' num. Eth. rtnO'I^: Tigr. h'n'^'t:
Ar.

better than t'th.'^: Ps. li. 17. htin^- caus. to cause breaking.

y^

Heb. VIE)

seven.
:

times."

h^i.: —

— :T.H.:

"seven

"seventeen.'"

:

rtn-r?':
,

rt.V:

(

37

)

fl'-f:

fn*:

rtTl"?': adj. the seventh.
rtrbt":
s.

a

lif/hi-grey-co\o\ired mule.

"female earth," a sort of earth withClayish ground is out loam or tenacity.

9°Jf C=
called
rt-flJ^: fl

•^n-f:
rt-n>k:

i.q.
s.

"^oo'r:
Eth. man.
ii.

q-v.

(DIJ^:
it

V^RC-

"male earth," which

Amh. rtOh::

we would
applv

call " virgin eartli."

•lA:
fl_-fl
:

Matt.

i.q.

PTn-H:

rtOh: and

m

to wood, which,

in a general as well as in a particular

pendicularly, is called

They likewise when breaking per"male wood," (D*?^:
the

sense

:

man of
of.

w'lsdom, wise man, magician,
s. v.

"KlCtC^: when

transversely, across

mogus.
'

Lud.

rt^A::
(2) to talk nonsense,

iTinYl: V.
in all

a. (1) to

preach.

fibres, "female wood," t\Jf: 5\^CCe-'^:: f\^: hour. Vid. tX^'V"-

talk foolishly.

Both these notions are retained the words derived from this root.
pass.
(1) preacher.
s.

f\^--'

s.

one who

is

in error, goes astray, is mis-

iuken, deluded, seduced.

TrtnYl:
rtnTn.:

^i: Noah
is called

V. neg. a. Eth.

fiXl:

'nequivit facere.'

PR-

he could not, ivas unable.

Jf«|>: rtnYl.: "^/le^^reac/ier of righteousness,"

T'llS: pass, 'nequivit

fieri,' to

be impossible.

2 Peter
sense.

ii.

5.

(2) idle talker,

one who

talks non-

Gen.
which
Matt.

xviii.

14:

•"Iiah: YIC.s.

^lAI"

A^kTH.^i'flfh.C: P"H. "Is there anything

fl'flYl^:

the preaching

;

foolish

and nonsen-

is

impossible to

God?"
is

Luke

i.

37

:

sical talking.

?i,P'n9"r:
ETTTaf,

"for ....

not impossible."

fhT^:
rt-flt^:

Eth.

s.

a division or collection of

xvii. 21:

pn^"1r^ll-70: PA9":
ix.

seven, esp. days, therefore "week."

Dan.

ix. 27.

" and there is (shall be) nothing impossible

num.

seventy.

Vid. rtn

unto you."
::

Ezra
it

15:

PT^lH:
2 Cor.

"(we)
iii.

i^l-: V. n. Eth. fl/h't":: to err, go astray,

make

to

whom

is

impossible."

7

amistake.

inf.

ODiTf '"['::

e.i/.

^A(I>"I»'1'9":
rtf:

pi^'f:
erred,"

"and wlio without knowledge has Lev. v. 17. "^€,(1^: ^flJ-A: "he
trs. to

>iflYl,«^r=ra>: ^*iri: "so that impossible (for) them."
s. tale,

it

«as

story, history, tradition.
is

:

fj.*?

errs," " ii mistaken."

^^:

"History of the Creation,"

the

title of

Yv'^'V-

beguile,

lead astray, to seduce, to deceive, inf. oqi^ (".; Gen. iii. 13 >»«1
:

a certain book which contains

some fabulous

traditions concerning the creation

J'l'^T'T'^: "the serpent seduced Luke xvii. 2 V^jPfl'V: " than that he should seduce."
n."1*:

and the antediluvian world, said to have been communicated to Moses when on Mount Sinai', but not recorded in the Book of Genesis.
:

me."

:

f "llT: pass,
deceived
;

to be seduced, led astray, misled,

?i.PI>J^: "traditionary history of the

med.

to

deceive oneself, to labour

under a mistake.
rt.-l".
s.

OTj^jpyti:: "Tale of the Virgin Jews;" Mary," and other legends called by that title.
fl%: n. pr. saxne,

rtnjE't;:

pro

name

rtfl'A't;: Tigr. Ar.

of the tenth Abyssinian

,X<*«

Qady).

Heb. n»l/^N, 'femina,^ woman,
It is often

and female in general.

used with

the termination itu: rt>l;'f: which, where-

month, beginning the sixth or seventh day of June, and lasting to tlie same day in July. friz s. icashing-basin. flfwoYl.: s. senna cassia, a medicinal plant
rt'iflA-l':
s.

ever
,1

it is to signify any thing, is used as diminutive of endearment, or of feeble-

Heb. n'inUJncJ
14.
' '

Ar.

ILL
'
'

chain.

Ex. xxviii.
"l'?^':
s.

ness &c.
ter,

I^'^:

£l^:
It
is

i.q.

6i§^:
'9-

"daugh-

girl."

rt.^:

ncy:

HCi'E^I':
it

door, icooden door.

a thick board, plank, fold of a folding1 Chron. xxii. 3. Prov.
'viatica,''

"female slave."
also to

sometimes used with

xxvi. 14.

respect to animals.

In Shoa, they apply

rllH*:

s.

"loose earth," which they call

provisions for

a journey.

|Y^:

Gen.

xlii. 25.

::

:

fn3*i:

•••

2\rtinT:

(

58

)

Ki*irn'r:...fi'iV]''iC:
a- fo

fnU»1:
'

s.

snuff.

In Shoa they
it is

Sorat,' because

call it I^^'l* thought to come from
" snuff-hox.""
i-e.

2\rtmT:
to go.

dismiss, discharge, give leave

e.g.

iWH-n'i: ?irtr-fl-T: "dismiss
Matt.
xiv. 15.

Suratin India, Pfl13»T: IL'V:

the people."

tn^'i- JPje-OA:
" he snuffs;'' " takes
senbul,

"lie

makes smffr

TrtniT:
leave,

pass, to be dismissed, to take one's

snuff."'

bid good bye.
recipr. to take leave from, to part

an aromatic wood, which fnn-A: said to come from Nubia.
rtl^nC" Ar. jJuj

is

•Trtn n't";
^\: "we
adv.

with one another.
took leave

Actsxxi. 6: "frtrnfl

the pine, pine-tree. Isa. Ix. 13.

rtin^:
'

s.

Heb. nnu5
\Ylien

Sabhath.
it is

Ar.

,^4-

fll'lt':

Saturday.'

In Amharic,

applied to the

from one another." how much? how many? what? tn-'f: YIQ: " how many things?" T^JO)': : KO': " how much (what) is the price?"

Sunday, except
Sabbath.

referring to the Jewish

Yl<5.:h(I>':

:

lay-: "what

is

its

heiglit?"

rtiriT: V. n. (1) to be lodged, to remain, stay, rest a certain time. (2) to 2)ass the intermediate time between the last and present inter\-iew of persons, or between the last inter-

view and

tlie

present date of a

letter.

Ad
"let

"how high is it?" fll-t-: rtcp^-: htc: "how many men are there?" *1_H,: "how many times?" "how often?" p ?" 'P'i: OD^^J^: "how many days' journey " hoiv old is Atro-Tl-: hO^: 0^t"ia)-: he ?" " how many years is his age ?"

:

:

(l):^tJ: y^^(2)

naV«:
in

^fHint-'

ftl^:

adv. of intenseness and exclusion, with
all.

this utensil remain

thy house."

Ad

the verb in the negative, not even, not at

"AlK,"^: rtiri'^U: "how
{i.e.

hast thou passed

Gen. xxiv.
better.

55.

where
:

•Ti''jr'-

the time

how

hast thou been the while)

Ps. xiv. 3

" tliere

would have been is none that doeth
It is

saw thee last?" ^tlf: fliH-Ki: you (2 pers. sing, honor.) been well since I saw you last time ?" >»jti"l-1: J^ll f : rtin^T-T'll': " have you (2 pers. pi.) been
since I " have

good," tx^ij^ (VV'X- " "'^' "0^ one." sjTionymous, although not identical,

with

y^-vi-qv.
rtlYlA: non
occ.
P'lss.

very well since &c." n^ii?: JirtTnf " may you remain well till we see each other again !" Tlie latter phrase is generally fol-

Trtf Yiri:
Yvflfntioffence.

& n,
to

to stumble, trop. to take

offence, be offended,
trs.

Gr. crKavSdKt^£(jdai.
cause
to

stumble,
:

give

lowed by

:

nKWi": ^ir^l: "May He

(i.e.

<TKavSa\i!^eiv.
:

Gen. xxiv. 56

?»J"

God) cause us to meet (again) in health (welfare, safety, every good condition)!"
Ludolf has, in his Eth. Lexicon under
:

rtf^ A-^

"

do not make

me

stumble;' for

tliis

word " (1) Sabbatum observavit. (2) Ad observandum Sabbatum induxit. (3) DuoSabhospibata (vetus nimirum et novum) apud But in the transegit, commoratus est." tem

^i't-YlAlrlA-^: "do not hinder me." Rom. xiv. 21: (Dljtr""''!'/": hyillVlA: "let him not make his brother to stumble.'"

fnilA:

s.

the stumbling, offence;

stumbling-

block, cause

of offence,

i.q.

0T^«|.^"

modem Amharic. the idea of rtin^: in the lost. verb rtinT: seems to be entirely
one to pass his time, hirtlfl't': trs. to cause meet again, e.g. nStlf: ^1*1
till

s. that which stumbles, cannot rtllfl'A: adj. walk. Ex. xxiii. 26.

&

m^'^Clectio

^-

Sfi/afa/o/a, sc. Ttov'Ayluiv, " Col-

Vitarum Sanctorum."

This

is

the

title

persons

of a book containing a legendary record of
the lives and actions of Saints, miracles performed by Angels, and other events supposed to have happened, and celebrated by the

'i'fl^iito

"may

he

(i.e.

God) cause thee
meet again
.'"

remain well

till

we

sliall

^-iH.2\'fi(h.c= noLi-: yti-i-n^^U""may God keep you (2 pers. pi.) health, !'

m

Abyssinian Church.
portions,

It is divided into daily

till

we

shall meet again

.'"

" Farewell

and arranged

for a

whole year.

tlhHd.:

f\\&,i
span.

(

59

)

hrtidL:
t\fl\&,:
trs. to

rtO^:

rtlH<^:

V. a. to span,
s.

make a

make

foolish, to
Isa. xliv.

make or
25
:

to

fllTIC:

a span.

Vnj^:

f—

:

"

an (Abyshalf,
16.

consider one as afuol.

•fl

A rh

sinian) cubit

and a span," a cubit and a
Ex. xxviii.

J-T'tD'TT": PtnUPiniJ.: "and who
turns their skill into foolishness."

or twenty-seven inches.

tnZ.'
xli.

s-

ivheat.

flCrjE: Eth. and Tigr.

Gen.

fl\Q.'

s.

fool, foolish person, fop.

49.

Ex.

ix. 32.

fn^:
Lud.
^.

s.
:

foolishness, folly.

rtr^: fnjdCrt:
rt.f Jifl:

Vid.
s.

rtrK®::
incense ?

rtrd. A
Synod, Council;
csp-

Ar. Jj^V^

,

The

better sort of Abys-

sinian drawers or trowsers.

Ex. xxxix. 28.
Lat.

s.

Gr. avvoSos,

tnOS"''

s.

foolishness, folly.
s.

1*1

TK®
dom

Canons and Statutes of the Councils; Pseudapostolical Constiiuiions. ^^^ rtfJ^"- act. to prepare, is but
'

rir^.cP':
sinapi,^

Etli.

flf't:
'

Gr. to
mustard.

(tIvclth,

Germ.

sen/,'

sel-

used.
a.
:

flf: s. Monday. Eth. and Tigr. rt^^: Rad. rtlP: Eth. "diversus fuit," "iteravit"

^irtrj^Al". "prepare for us." and l-rtfj^O): to he prepared, "trtrS:
be ready.

^^rt^J^: xiv. 15

to

prepare,

make

ready.

Mark
to

lX?iA:
fl1?»A:
rt Vj
:

s.

i.^.

i«f,?iA:

(j-v.

Matt.

xi. 23.
^-l'-

s.

image, picture, for
v. a.
/".

M^'^A:
9.

probably

g.

Ar. C^Li

<o scratch,

pierce, to

wound. Prov. xxvi.
Eth.

rt^^:
f\\3
'

s.

At. ,J^ musical instrument. Dan.

Eth. flYlQ:
fuit."
to

iii. 5.

" to thread a needle."

'^'-

a. to

emasculate, to geld (male animals).

fltld.-

V. n.

rtVlti^:
id.

"inebriatus
to get

't'rtl^: pass, to he gelded, emasculated.
rti;i:

P"^
Lev.

i\^f|ll: "gelded
ass,

cattle."

Ar.JL^

Heb.lSUJ

foie or

drunk,

xxii. 24.

intoxicate oneself.

Gen. ix.2i.

inf.

fJfjYljT::
to intoxi-

^^3

:

s.

gelded horse,

or ox

;

esp. a large

hflYld,cate.

trs. to

make another drunk,

kind of oxen with enormous horns.
flj"^ : and flf"! s. a ring for the nose, by which rapacious beasts are tamed and led. 2 Kings
:

pa^^fiYlQ: onfm*:

"intoxicating

Num. ^^. 3: YlX^: ^YIATHA: drink." Yltn^^rt^^TU: y.^: "let him abstain
from mead, and from every
ter."

xix. 28.

Job

xl. 26.

Isa. xxxvii. 29.

intoxicating

mat-

rt^^A:
to

V. n. to be bright, resplendent, glittering, act. to

Isa.v.22: pan^rtVl4»(i>,'5«70: /^ai)
AOiil'lJ:
Go i

beam.

make

bright, to polish.

KHA't:
rtVj^:
s.

"VflYlfi.-

Y'^ss. to

be polished.

strong, to

"and unto them mix what is intoxicating.''''

that are

tni^V

'

s.

polish, lustre, brightness, the glittering
• ,

Ar. ^^xXw drinker, drunkard.

surface of a thing.

fn^^p: a. polisher, furb'isher. Ain3.P.9": flflKD*: "and
furhisher."

Ezek. xxi. 11

rt^C*
:

^-

" drunken,
Sg'

intoxicated man.

Job

xii. 25.

give

it

to the
fllflf^:
s.

Ar.^
Gen.

Heb.

]'\'\^T^_

drunkenness, in-

rtTP:

Ar. laJU.

Amh.

"|<J.(^::

acacia-tree.

toxication.

ix. 24.

ft-YlC.: or
^-

Isa. xli. 19.

UJ'YlC: and fl-lYrC: suga^. Ar.

rtiniCS"Gen. xxiL
cleave,

^^^

game

of chess.
to cleave, split, slit.

rtlflrt*!*: V. a. Etli.
3.

fKU'p::

rtY>r: s. Aee/. Gen. iii. 15. rtdh: s. n-fl: Tig. rt-n'is: Eth. man, "homo"
as well as "vir."
(son) of Tnon," esp.

'Trtlfli'T^ pass. &. n. to be cloven or

cleft,

to

p—

:

^^:

(i)

"child
i.e.

&c.
be foolish, to be a fool and to act as
Isa. xliv. 18.

"the Son of mon,"
person,'' in

rtT[<5.: V. n. to

Christ.

(2)

"a free

oppos. to

such,

rti^: "fhey were foolish,'"

nCP:

Vid.

AS""
I

2

:

:

ft(D'AS-i'1-:...n.e"n:
i-q.

(

GO

)

rtjEO.:

-^irtKn

PrtOh:

A^H':

liberty,

horse,''^

name
Ar.

of a certain large bird of prey

freedom.
tlCDd,' V.
a.

in Abyssinia.
to

hide, conceal, to aliscond.

inf.

rtjE^i."

s.

t.jj»»i

Gr.^i(pos.

Ijit.

'

yladius,''

Gen. vii. 20: \]fia)i.H'Gy-. •fi^C'T*: riAjE: "over the mountains whicli
it concealed.''^

ooiTkDC"

a tuo-edyed swvrd, and sicord in general.

fty^'
fj^i
s.

Eth. ylud/ator, sivord-bcarer.

"VflCDd,' pass,
refl. to

to be concealed, hid,

&c.
inf.

;

and

Ar. 11^, 'tryxalis" a cricket
for

(insect). 13.

hide o\eself, to abscond,

tmfi
fl

Lev.

xi. 19.

HT^pn

(stork).

Job xxxix.

WC." P'tfltD^:
f|(D.|^:
s.

YIC.- "a hidden thing."
secrecy,
it
secret,
fl

In botli these passages, after the Arabic translation, the

concealment,

Amharic
i.

translator has substituted

T\S,d,lQy^-

"he

did

in

secret.'"

:

P

the puny cricket fur the uiajcstlc slurk.
ter in Joel
4.

Betstands

o^_y^z 7\*\^V: "thy
iu secret," Matt.
'

Father which seeth
adj. secret, hidden.

and

ii.

25.,

where
is

it

vi. 4, 6.

nearly con-ect, for v'^DH, which
of locust.

a species

f|«PC.P s- siiWARYA, an Abyssinian plant. rtTflff^: Eth. pi. of rtaMlOh: •scahi,'' scale. oojtchd,: I'lTfKD': "the Book of Sca/es,"
is

f\^fjo- Ar. ^jLa This Arabic word

'

coUidens."
is

Isa,

viii.

14.

put after the Arabic

the

title

of a linguistical book, written

Version, which has ^liLojsr^ dashing, bruising
stone, instead of the better

generally in bad Amharic, which may be considered as their Grammar. Rad. I'lCD'rt
fl):

Amharic,

p 0^^
"stum-

4.^: Z'Yl^y: "stone
bling-block."

of stumbling,"

"ambulavit, ingressus

est."

rt^'t": Eth. s. Amh. "J^h'Tt": ear of grain, csp. "feast such as is just ripened. mf\Chron. first-fruits. 2 of the ears,"'' i.e. of the

fl^il and
:

ftil

:

num. Ar.

^^^
i.e.

Heb.
s-i.e.

Q'^pp

sixty.
crei-f":

Gen.

V. 15.

Its cipher is

GO.


hun-

"sixty hundred;"

six thousand.
six

viii. 13.


s.

:

h£iQ,'

"sixty myriads,"

rta>i-^:

human

Tig. n-fll^:: Eth. fl-n'iM':] nature, hnmanlty,person, soul, self. pYl

dred thousand.

:

?v1J^:

"sixty-one.''"

Cfl't-fl:

fl^ft'l-: num. fl^fjl:: Eth. h^E^H't: Tig.
Ar. iL,

:

"Christ's humanity."'

llOM't:
aches me,"

_paD^A: "my person (i.e. body) " I am indisposed." Ps. xxii. 20.
rtcjA: and i^A: Eth.
s.

Heb. Vip
:

six.

cough.

Amh. ^9a
iv. 2S.

six."" "n: "in six days." fES-ls: the sixth. fSJ^flTl': fem. 1^^^: s. table on which tlie meat is served up.

n—

0_p

:

:

"

twenty-

•IOC- ^"^ *^0C=
"^O-fl:
:

i/^"'-''

herbs.

Mark

rtP,3'^:
iii.

pl-

— JCD'^T::

Sadducee.

Matt,

a<^j-

Ar.

,.L^
s.

"difficilis."

Num.xv.8.

7.

fi^: "a rtcj-T: and i^^:

d//)?cu« ox," for the

mere f\t^"
c.
it,

rt^fl:

v. a. to scold,

chide, to reproach, rebid-e,

inveigh, to abuse, to insult, defame, to
inf.

hhspheme.

Ar.

^U,

Chald. nyi2) /wur.

oofi^-fi:: Actsxxiii. 4:
v. 5:
insult,

-t-rt^TAU:

O^AO)': part.
;

temp. pres. 3 pers. sing, negat.
literally, without his sayiny

"thourevilest.""

i.e.

suff of ?kA: without his intention, inadvertently, acci-

not

revile""

or

?i-l^i^p/n: " thoushalt &c. Luke xi. 4.'i. "Y^
re-

"Yi: ODfi^'fltJ: ^O)': "(this)isthy rewYinr/
us."
xxiii. 39.

dentally.

2 Chr. xviii. 33.

^rt^flO^: ln<: "was
:

fiy6- •
(2)

s.

planet.

Lud Ar.

ii,Lu#.

viling him."
{l) Satan.

Matt, xxvii. 39
revilincj

^rtj^n-'l*: Y

rt^rm:s.Ar.^^ll^
a
s/ircM;rf,

Heb.

JCto.
(3)

n*'

:

"(they) were
:

him."

cunniny fellow.

a
"

wicfcc^,

2\rtKn
iii.

caus. to cause to scold, &c.

Nahum
thee

villain, miscreant. impious, malicious ivretch, n
pi.

6:

?kri^'flh«"JAli': "I will cause
defamed,
insulted.""

rt^nifl'::

'5.*ifl:

nji"11:

Satan

s

to be

inf.

tn^fl^'fl::

;

TrtKn:.. Ti^KK::
TflRTl'
"
pass, to be scolded, &c.
inf.

(

61

)

tlR^:
expelled,

.

.

fliy/V&c.
inf.

om|^

put

to flight,

ajjfij^^y.

JErti^'fltn/A: ^•n-and he shall be reviled." Rom. ii. 24 " the name of God, on your account, ^rtjEJHA:
:

Luke

xviii.

32:

flJ^Q.:

s.

stock or handle of a gun.

flltU' s. a voracious glutton, who at tlie same time will not permit others to enjoy their
food.

is

blasphemed."
:

Of j^n

intens. to abuse, &c. exceedinyly.

Luke

rtlA:

Eth. witchcraft, divination, esp. astrology.

xxii. 65.

rt'fl?!:

'•

"magician,

jxayos,'"

Matt.

ii.

1.

T«1i?n:
l^illEn
:

i.<J-

rtj^n-

inf.
1

OBi^j^-n::
:

Vid. Lud.

to

dishonour.

Cor. xi. 4

^.iVj:

^•^J^HA:

"(he) dishonours his head (or

fnCp—

:

^^^ A'^lC- Eth. s. 2\tnJ^: "leap-year."
V. n. to

the passing over.

himself);" and v. 3: i.flT'l: ^TH/CiA " (she) dishonours her head (herself)."

Si'iri'l:

eat much, to be given

up

lu

^:
rtj^n.:
^ flj^'fl:

gluttony.

s. reviler, s.

blasphemer, slanderer, &c.

rt"lO^:

s.

a glutton.
s. i.g.

scolding, re^n-oach, insult, blasphemy.

ft-if-fn-ll:

rt"l"1[;2::
s.

Deut.
flj^*!:

xxii. 17.
s.

Heb.

xi. 26.
;

fl'hT: "Xf*^'
persecution.

Tig. sEguat

guasot,

i.e.

liter, the

sending

then, the stale and

shepherd's rope, a plant

condition

of a foreigner, exile;

rtTh"1:

s.

the ostrich.

Deut. xiv.

15.

Is

some-

Rad. ilKK-.: ftK't*l[': s. an exile, one who is persecuted, a Gen. xxiii. 4 flJ^'TiT: 5^: flA foreigner. IT: H^^'7": cnjfj-t'f: "I am an emiRad. flg'Tt*:: jrranf, and a guest with you."
:

times, in the Amli. Scriptures,
called

improperly

by the Arabic name Icj'T^: J^].
s.

fn\^'-

thatch,

roofoi a house.

Deut.

xxii. 8.

I*nj^: V. n. Eth. Ar. j>s« Heb.
to u-orship, to

l^D

"adoravit";

rt.^K'
inf.

"^'-^

''^

send, despatch, dismiss.
//(e

Al. Alfl::

OTJfl^J^:

sending, mission, message,

bow the he-ad or to prostrate oneon the ground in token of worship. It is self
especially applied to prostration,
wliicli,

despatch, dismission.

Gen.

viii. 12.

e.g.ovfi

in

RRtl VirtKAU-:
ing,

: K<.: &c. I ivill send ; hut " &c.

" as for send-

Abyssinia, serves as a

mark of respect
e.g.

to men,

as well as of adoration to God.

Is constructed
iv. 9
:

T rtKK:
xii.

pass, to be sent, &c.

inf.

oufi^^

with
:

A—

:

to

whom;

Matt.

Ai:

Also, to be a fl^'t"!': foreigner.

10:

^rtg^: Hljf:
Ex.
vi.

Gen. "to be (there)
:

rt'lgtl: (constr.l.)-flT(D.e;'^: "'\i, adoring me, thou fallest (or wilt fall) doN\Ti." Ex. xx.

as a foreignerr

4

PTllKK^n

5:

KTfn^A^dh:
r.

h:r9"Ala^(D'9n:

•t*1:

•7"^C- "the
sent,"

country to which

"do not bow
rt'ljf :

to (or/a?Zj3ros^ra<e before) them,

they are

or " the country in which
inf. onji^j^_g-::

nor worship them as gods."
boo, used

they are as strangers."
T\^y^R'- intens. to persecute, Gen. iv. 14: T^WT: Hd.: -r^RVtiV: " Behold, to-day thou persecutest me,"

a species of reed resembling the bamby the Abyssinians to make handles

for their spears.

rt;2^: and

tX^'S,'

Ar.

$5l^ "stratum

in

me to go away." RS/f^'- ("^^^ ^'^iS!/fOy"" forcest

Isa. xli.

3

:

?v«T|

quo Islamitae adorationem peragere
carpet.

solent."

"iio persecuted
It is

them,"
also

"

put them

to flight."

written
8:

fl"lK'^

:

s.

the act of worshipping, by inclina-

?irtKK= cf. ^gn-j: -^fl^VtiVthou

Acts

ix. 4, 5.

xii. 7,

tion of the head, or

by

prostration, or

by

"

why

j^ersecutest

both these gestures together;
tesy,

icorship, cour-

me?"

T^-if:

P'}^:Jt^R'l: "(I)

adoration.

Ar.

Jj^.

Col.

ii.

18

:

fj

whom

thou persecutest.""
pass, of

T'lKK:

?i''lKK"

^

be persecuted.

o"A">»lriT'?»: fnj^'Y": Ka\ BptjaKcla tuia.y^i\m>, "and by worshipping of angels."

; :

:

rtm:
fl^\•.^v.n. togive.
gift,

ll-d.:

(

62

)

fl'6.:

.

.

.

Il<5.^:

inf.

ooj^ffj-l.: the r/ivim/,

j

f]&:
I't-fi,'.

s. s.

tailor.

donation; e.g. '7x'in.l[vT\i\\.0
give thoc!"
i.e.

^.flTU:

a certain plant, from the seeds of which
oil

"may God
(common
"OK"fh(J.:

"I thank thee"

the Abyssinians prepare a certain
is

which

expression of gratitude).

^tlST:

inferior to nug-oil.

iSm^

:

"give

me tliis book." h'V

^ *IAUU-A-:
griw

ft-Q,' Ar.

^yc
(

wool.

Isa.

i,

IS.

Al.

Ptll'

:

(eonstr. 2.) " I j/o ye thee."

A l1 (D'
:

H'V-Q: "sheep's hair."
1*1^: Ar.

trofifn.-i.;

to

2\JE5Pa'1'7": "I cannot eveiy body." Gen. iii. 6 rtfn^:

jL

'cEsalon,''

a iiind oniawk, merlin,

" she gave''^
" to
betray.'"

7\^£\G,- UiW'
Matt. xxvi. 23.
" vmij

" to deliver up,"

or hobby.
|*|i5_<i^:

Heb.

F]nC?.

Acts xv. 29

:

v.a.

Hcb. "ICD "numeravit"; Ar.Jsjl,
(Kngl. ciphci*)^o measure,
to mete,

ni.4":

^fl'n-T-lh:

(God) give you

"scripsit."

health!" "farewell!"

TrtfR:
'^U-:
better

pass, to be given.

Gen.

ix.

2:

[}^
or

measure a place for encampment, and to encamp, inf. 0^i\&,C,"- Gen. xiv. 8.
especially to
xlix. 14.
jNIatt. vii. 2.

-rriTI^-Uf-: (for

TfffnA^^U':

'TrtmO

"it

is

given to you, into

'VtX&.d,'-

pass, to he
e.g.

measured,

inf.

0^f\

your hands." Lukexxi. 5: flA: TflfDA ^9^: "and (spake) concerning tliat ivhich was given for it," i.e. "its gifts or endowments." avadfjjiaTa.
TrtTlfll:
recipr.
to

t\A.O V(\&,^^. <i.C" has been measured (or made)."
t\&,C,'s. s.

"the camp

the camp, encampment.

rt<ii:
ii.

measurer, one

who

measures.

Zech.

betray

one

another.

1.
s. s.

Matt.xxiv. 10: >»f;iV: nC'^^a>'= '^^CXr- "they shall betray one another.'''

^^

fJ^J.^.:
fi

place, room, space.
the measuring, the measure.

Q,C'

Ps. Ixxx. 5

rt.T:

s.

the jMnting, gasping for breath.
V.
s.

rtmuo:
I*|«paq:

lUmoo::
a
certain /«?;•, typluis ?

nfl£J.C- "with measure." fl&,Q(^' s. cd-rrcpcipos, sapphire
xxi. 19.

(a

gem).

Rev.

ftfn^: 2 Chr. xxi. 3. and flTCD J': s. gift, donation, present. Gen. xxx.

fl&,f}^i.' ^- n. to be a glutton.

20

rt^*^<J.:

s.

glutton, insatiable eater.
(_JLaj..i5

O)^

:

" God

has given
v.a.
;

me
say

a good gift.''

rt^O^:
1

Ar.

willow.

Isa. xv. 7:
i_jjlj

Prt

Cor.

xii. 4.

Rad. tliU"

Q/IQ.- (DTH:

Ar. uJ',^ii^l

"valley

rt.m.'V:
creak.

?\A:

to

iXfliT:

i-e-

to

of

luilloivs."

scratch, to scrape

(of furniture) to crack, to

fl^'^: s. PA'fl:

width, amplitude, spaciousness, extent.
:

wideness, largeness of heart,

mag-

t\SQ,:

and

i^ cp.

:

s.

the giver, donor.

Rad. t\G\".
it-

nanimity, genius.
iv. 29. V. 9.

Heb. 17 inh.

I

Kings

to extend fti^z V. n. (1) to be wide, extensive,

self

rt^fh
inf.

:

Eth.

(2) V. a. to

sew (with the

rt^'l-:
1^(5,^:
|'|'4,'5:

s.

suture, seam, hem.

needle),

ox3fi4/f

s. tailor,

saddler, sewer in general.

?irt4.:
tend.

trs. (1) to enlarge,

widen, amplify, exPs.iv.i: hfl4.V£i^^- "thou hast

Ar.
ss.

j^lij^ tinder.

enlarged (for) me," given
space.
(2) to cause to sew.

me an

ample

flGiXl'-

Ar. i(-gw«, sponge.

fltS^^:
spacious.

a

flat

straw-plate, used

by the AbysGen.
i.

•l-rt4.: pass. (1) to be
(2) to be sewed.
rt<5.:

made wide or

sinians chiefly for cleaning grain.

fl^A.-

^'-

°' '" spread oneself, to soar.

2.

ample, wide, adj.fem. foL^-p:- sjMcious,
Ps. xviii. 19.

rtd.a,: ?»A:id.

2

Kings

vi. 6.

extensive.

:

:

n:

(

63

)

.

hA:
nH'firi:
(uazarksh,

n:
h:
"I't*: snAT, for

"lli^:

(sc.

d.KA:
is

letter)

came against thee name of the king

T

of Shoa's wife) " he in-

the SH-Ietter; the eighth letter of the Amharic

creased (neutr.) in or hy thee^ &e.

and Tigrean

alpliabets.

It
sh.

a

sibilant,

1:

v. a.

Ar. sLi

to desire, to

ivanf, to

%i-'ilh

ivish,

sounding exactly like our
in the Etliiopic alphabet
;

It is

not found

request, ask, seek.

inf.
ix.
:

cro?i^:
5:
J^ftuH-fl

desire,

nant,
nnll

but in the Amharic

request,

&c.

Gen.

^"lAlh: "/
:

and theTigre languages it generally originates where the sibilant fl: or Ul meet with a P
=

require." Matt. vi. 33

Jifl-ir'Ar:

in like
sci

manner

as, in

the Italian language,

inf. pi. PvlT: "for the heathens seek it.'" "seek ye." v. 33 ^VYi'- IhA-'S: "hl^
:

give this sound;

e.g. for

5^u|_: nagasi
:

•"rfl-: "tliat

you want

all this."

^i^^^T:

(reigning as a king), they say i^J fl for 9'o/\j'|_: MELAS) (that wliich

nagash

;

returns,

^

This change of answer): •T^AFi: iiicL-Isn. into fi : and \\z constantly occurs in rt.;
verbs terminating in fl: and ilj: in the 2d pers. sing. fern, of the present tense of the in-

?»A'1'7": "I donotwant anything;" •?"'}: n AtJ : " what doest thou want ? " P9«-l^m-'i: IhA-T: yS,C:j^- "he will do all
?»il: impers. to produce a desire, a wish, esp. by its absence i.e. to he requisite or neces;

that thou wantest."

mood, and in the same person of the subjunctive and imperative moods and in the
dicative
;

sary.

Ex.

X.

26:

ptn^yilay.:

YIC.-

IhA*:
"

"all things ichich are

necessary.''

Istpers.sing.of both of the constructive moods.
e.g. in

7\y^^U°-

" (it) is not necessary for

me,"

conjugating the verb tl'oort: k amasX, "to taster ^ve have >«J'9™«lAfs : tKk amasha-

LASH,

"thou

(fern.)

iastest,'"

for

ri>^[\^

Afl:;

"'T'l'aoi^:

(fem.) tmle."

tekmash, "may est thou 2|>(rofj: kEmXsii and JfOTsn,:
p.

I do not ivant (it)." HiJ: num. thousand. Its cipher is IF: 1000. hV: Yltlioit". on-^z ^Cn: ^i^J^:
"one thousand eight hundred and forty-one."
h'*l: Ar. U-j.! in the Arabic version, Zech.
9, for
v.

KtMASHi.
for

imp. 2d

fem. sing. " taste tliou."

^ourt.: K iJMAsT. 1 constr. 1st pers. sing. «|>7D^: kamEshic, "my taslinfj,'" or "I have iastedr &e. for •p'iPfl'P: or 1>9«f!E.: k amksye; and 2 constr. 1st pers. sing.
«!>«?""'J

n~T'Dn

stork.
s.

t'li:

and "SvF'U:
thorn, coll.

iF«:
Gen.

Eth. Ar.
18.

cJ^

Heb.
C.

TJ^llJ

iii.

Ex. xxii.

AU-: T^^fi^AU-: and't'T^iX^AU-:
-fl:
e.g.

for

i^LF: and fllT: shoho, name of a certain tribe of Danakil on the eastern frontier of Tigre,

between Massowah and Halai.

(0

afforvmtive 2d pers. fem. sing, pret.;

;"" fiin^h: ?»aS1: "thou (fem.) url "thou hast observed" aufTiW- "thou art come;" YincFl= "thoMwast honoured," &c.

iltIA:

s.

a red mule.

flWA:
cp.^ :

s.

and

flVlA:

j>otters ware.

P—

".potter s earth,"

Gen.

xi. 3.

better than

(a) of (2) suffix 2d pers. fem. sing,

Nouns, as

Tie.'^: "pitch."
^*i,T: Lev.
xi. 18.

inseparable pronoun possessive;
(b)

e.g.
;

nJVi\-

Ar.

^^'^ a species
inf.

oihatvk.

"% house;" q ^^h :"% husband " of Verbs, as (h^h: "% book."
sative of the substantive

oojt
accu-

flA: non

occ.

T^lA:

v.n. to be better,

oraJj^-.

e.g.

pronoun

;

e.g.
:

oi^Vl
of

^«1 A

A

:

" it is better."
is better
(it)

-f^Qfl-. Yl I. :
I

^ri:"liead\-ised</(pe;" 2\ AU-li
to thee-r "

"I said
(c)

A A:
^iHA:

"he

than

am."

.E^ TflA":

nOM:
e.g.
:

"

^^

told thee:'

inc.: "he

was
1

better."

Prepositions;
thee i

f\f\^t\: "upon or over
"

trs. to better,

make

better, to

mend.
al.

n^A fl
to

" after thee ;

« ^U-aH

:

flA: Ar. jLi

-shaid.

Sam.xviii.4.

trofn

"I wrote

or for thee

T

oo^l-nfi: "he

hA: •
i^A: flA:
(of
»•
s.

fi-9":
xvii. 6.

(

64

)

fiouA:

.

.

.

h"^"IAiV
PCP'^:
i.e.

mulberrytree.
sycamore-tree.

Luke Luke

xix. 4.

of a country, or town, or village."
:

lit.

"governor of the mud,"
is

the

fi/V: v.a. to he pointed, terminate in a point

officer

who

placed over the territory,

who

wood or
a. to

iron, &c.).

has to receive the land-taxes, and to lodge
the king's guests, &c.

?ii^A:
ri'A:
t\j£v:
s.

sharpen into a point.

adj. pointed, acute, acuminated.
foetus,

fjoD^:
fi^'^A: flaoff:

s.

a bird of prey, which eats
stick

locusts.

emhnjo.

Deut. xiv. 13.

fJAA:
ther.

v.a. to tack, to stitch,

sew

slightly toge-

s.

or rod of the bamboo.

Acts

xvi. 22.

Isa. xiv. 5.
inf.

"TilAA:

pass, to be stitched.

V. n. to lurk, lie in wait, to u-atch.
1

riAA"

s. >i'ntf^f'flf*'if'Knece^:^:OiTii.

2 K-ill*^ x. 27.

aBJ*iiJH^::

Sam.

xv.

5.

l|/\iJO:
hellish.

v. a. to

adorn, to attire, to decorate, em-

'I-J^ou<|»:id. Ps.xvii. 12:
1.)

Th^"*?":

(fonstr.
lies

ytn^OTifQ:
inf.

"as (a lion) that
watch anxiously.
(constr.
1.

in

?in A""
riA"*JL"
^'
s.

:

caus. to cause, or order to adorn, &c.
pass, to be adorned, embellished.

iM!<."

croi^fro^:

'fi^/Vao:

't"i^ati«f>: intens. to
xi. 54:

Luke

adorner, embellisher, decorator.

nA9*':

ornament, embellishment, decoration.
" chief or captain

FiA«"?-^: i.q. hAT":: •IA?*: s. {i.e. Plllj: ?vAil»:

pi.) T'lT^'I'CD': "watching with care and anxiety.'''' j^ODj*: s. the lurking, and convenient time and

3d pers.

place for betraying.
ix.

jNIatt.

xxvi. IG.

2

Kings

over a thousand") chuf, commander, captain. Gen. xl. 3. Actsxxi. 31. P?1aS'(I>': idem.
fJA^^f":
s.

23: 'fiOTO?':

Tidy-'-

"it

is treachery.""

Nehem.

iii.

23.
s.

flfo-fi^: s. a leguminous plant, the fruits of which are larger than peas. Tigi'. ?v'"fC::
j^«ynfl<J»;
s.

tlA^:
,liii.

prob.

7.
s.

Rad.

JlA^: hA'f:?

sheep-shearer?

Isa.

cane, reed.
traffic, negotiate,

fjoTJ't": V. n. to trade,

bargain,

i^^^:

geminus-muscle, the favourite part of a
flesh.

buy and

sell.

Gen.

xlii.

2: imp.

h9"'FAli:
to

cow, for supplying the hrundo or raw

"negotiate
•j-fjaO'j:

(i.e.

buy) for us."
merchandize)
be bought

X\6^^Vf^'

s.

Ar.

tc^

Pers. *iLi turnip.

pass, (of

hrhP:
hih.'i-"

s.

idre.

Rad. rtchll: Eth. "to draw,"
n*i5,T: qV.

and
fj-ao'i-:

sold.
s.

government,

offiice.

Rad. ptro;;

"pull."
s- i-q-

Deut. xiv. 16.

il"^:

s.

cloth,

such as

is

wrought in Abyssinia.

naij^;
\]oo\:

i,.

chant, trader.

V. a. to iceave.

Y\ffO: Ar. .Li Syria.

IVIatt. iv. 24.

h^^i,: and jl"yt:
"prse?i_p-'t'::

iceaver.
s.

flo^:

s.

a particular sort o{ jiearl.
Eth.

fiaij_P'?t-:and riorq-"|-:

pau:

comp. of h"?": and

v.a. Tigr. f^aq.::

wy."^:
" statuit," to

the grandfathers great-grandfather.

posuit"

Heb. Dlto and O'^W

"con-

Vid. yoiiA-'t'::
i^OTi'J/\
:

stituit," "prajposuit." Ar.

*U n. id.
put
into

appoint
office.

V. n. to be
;

or become old or advanced
to be

a governor or
governor."
Ps.

officer,

to

an

in years

meton.
1 1
:

or become an
(constr. 1)

elder.

Gen.xli. 41: i^«?ou-*?l: "I have
ii- 5.

made

thee

Gen.
"

xviii.

hT^IAOh:

W^.:

they were
s.

old, agedJ"

-l>i^ao: pass,
into

to

be

made

governor, to be put

ntn3"IA.:

an

office.

an old man, trop. elder, one who holds the rank and dignity of an elder.
Matt, xxvii.
1.

ri'9i»:

s.

governor,

officer.

Eth.

M^PfO::

pi-

ji-mjoij-Tf :
tpJ'f.:

and
xli,

Gen.

more frequently Yva^ "fjovernor 34; ^IC.:

n^^lAi":

s.

old age, dignity of an elder.
id.

:

Ti^^lM.^"-

Prov. xvi. 31.

hoofiim:
I

••

fl^.i-'f:

(

65

)

•1C*«5.*:
s.

Tif'
At. jl/sjM, " picus,"

|OtJfD(Xl

:

V. a. to revile, abuse.
id.

Thoymin:
fi^:
to get well.

inf.

ODf]cnjfn'P:
Ezek. v. 15.

nC*^'*=
reviling,

Lev. xi.19.

ignominy, shame.
V. n. to recover

a bird which picks holes in trees, woodpecker,

from

illness, to reconvalesce,

h"Cn
'"

:

s. s.

Ar.

ib^

soup.

hYid.' ^theal.

restore to health, to

cure, to

Vi'-n

:

Ar. i-jj/i stockings.
Eth.

h<i'"t":

s.

f|Od^=
deposition

annihilation, abroga-

f\^^: V. a. Tig.

tl^d„: Eth. rtO*^: Heb. -I^to "swept, tore away as a tempest," to annihilate, erase, blot
out, abrogate,
111.

tion, abolition,
iii.

from an

office.

-2

Cor.

14.

abolish,
fi,

inf.

—=' •!_,.•

nom.

ui
.?"

.

Ill t ^.

ji lO'ii abolish

n,Clr* : Ital. Scirocco, the hot south-east wind of the south of Europe,

IT:

(better than Tx^i'lCi:) ''do

we

ti&S^: Ar. cl^

s.

sail of
:

a ship.

or trmke void the law
gated, annulled,

"t"*!*^: pass, /o 6e abolished, annihilated, abroset

fii-Q,'- VC.fl • rot away," Shoa.
tl'fi: V. n.

at

nought,

&c.

inf.

cmric^::

iCor. xv. 26:
2 Cor.
iii.

^HeJ.A:
13:

"s/ia?^

h'V::

whose teeth begin to Amhara, ^qo^mj: inf. auf\ to flee, to fly, run away. xiv. 10: flh-: "they fled."' Gen.
In
3:

" one,

be destroyed."

PTili^CD'T:

2Sam.
came."

i.

Hll^:
to

tJOfrni-: "//erf, and

>k^jZ;^P: "that they should not see the accomplishment of that which is
abolished.''^

^8"^:

2\hh:
Prov.
_

trs.

put

to flight.

Ex. xvii.
it

13.
to

xxii. 15:

JPh'lj'A: "puts

t\Q

:

s.

siiiRO,

a favourite sauce of the Abyssiconsists of lentils
(or peas,

flight:s.
s.

nians.

It

or

liT,:

shembra), which, after they have been a
fried,

little

nh

:

who flees, fugitive, deserter, refugee. gauze, thin and transparent silk or cotone

are ground together with nearly an

ton cloth.
rtil'J: V. a. to hide, conceal.

equal quantity of pepper and other spices

(when these can be procured).
ture
is boiled,

This mix-

"Tfifil: pass.

&

refl.

to

be hidden or con-

with a
till

little

water and a good

cealed, to hide, conceal oneself.

Lev.
it

xiii. 36:
is

quantity of ghee,

it

acquires the consis-

Thh^XAf:
cealed."

(constr. 2.)

"for

con-

tency of a pap
cakes.

;

and

is

served up in a dish,

into which the eaters dip their thin bread-

h ft T

:

s.

concealmei\t, secrecy.
secret," " secretly.

Job

iv.

1

2

:

f\t\

h"i: "in

Isa. xlviii. 16.

ti^da in

:

SHIRE,

name

of an Abyssinian province
It
is

h*Ml:

V. n. to

ascend, go up.

Seldom used.

the Tigre division.

bounded by

?ii''i'I'n: a. to lift

Tigre Proper.and by Tcmben, on the East; by some Shankela tribes to the N., and by the Taccaze to the W. and S. it is a fertile coun:

^J^'i^.

e.g.

Generally used with Gen. xxii. 4: t^^VJ: J\?i
up.

^•P: ... TfroAYll": "lifting up his
eyes
.
.

beheld."
iv.

try, abounding in grain, but at present bare of inhabitants, from its being a constant scene of civil war between Tigre and Amhara.

h^H:
hp:
h'flC:
xlii.

s.

Hos.
(?)

16:

:

^go;; "a jumping,

kicking
i.q.
s.

cow."
q.v.

hit»P:

fi(^qn: Tig. cp-ICCl,: Amh. gravel, pebbles, and other little stones and stony earth.
t\d,d.- v'-a. to spin; of spiders spinning their

mob, crowd, tumult. 2 Sam. xviii. 29. gray hair of an old man; old age. Gen. h.n'l':
38.
id.

webs.

hn-l-:
s.

Hos.

vii.

9

:

:

CD"in"t-: "gray

t\6.6.:

cobweb.

Isa.

i.

31.
xi.

hairs have

come out on
s.

him."'

Y\d.6''t"- s. spider.

Lev.

30.

tif: and

[1,1*:

spices.

K

flj":

.

.

.

ThilA

;

(

G6

)

hTlA:...riVlln:
s.

hj*:

s.

Tigr. Ctir:: smell, odour;

exhalation,

flTIA:

cheat, fraud, deceit, guile, wile,

frau-

evaporation (e.g. of water), refrifjeraiion.
xiv. 9.

Job

dulence, seduction.

Num.

xxv. IS:
wi/es,

flhilA

Ti-f".

HT:
nj":

Rad. llT'T" tX'X' &c. constructive mood of H V. n. to have a strung diarrhoea.
vehement diarrhwa.
s.

:

q.v.

"with rte T'T'U': they have beguiled you."

HnA:

wherewith

Lev.

n-l>C'r

xxvi. 39.
s.

s. Tig. tVy-QX ' IfV-:—. garlic. Tig.H(}R:Yil-CX-: $'^:—: onion. Tig. $'^^V. fi'hCX".
:

PTA:

long knife, dagger.
:

2

Sam.

xii. 31.

ilTSn""r:

s-

beard, esp. luhiskers.

Lev.

xii. 29.

ilT"^: ?»A
slide, slip.
JJ'I"!'.- V.
11.

V. n.

'

to say siiatat,'

i.e.

to glide,

nnp^:
to

s.

cheater, deceiver, impostor.

ti^d,' non occ.
to

emit or exhale a smell,

to smell, to
inf.

?\l ild.:

V. a. to

overcome, prevail,
inf.

to

triumph,

scent, of

odoriferous things. Ex. xvi. 20.

obtain the victory,

o^illfj,: and

O^hiQ.::
J^il't'T:
viii. 21.

PogHi^:

a. to receive

a smell,

to smell.

Gen.

dance" with music and singing,
XV. 21.

Hd.'J: "triumphal 1 Chr.
or conquered. accomcivility

inf.

oijfiT't'::

•I'f't':

non

occ.

'rnid.:

pass, to be overcome
orifice

tvTt^'V't'- to glide doirn on the bidfocks, and (in trade, &c.) to to make glide down, &c.
;

flT^A:

s.

defraud, to cheat.

XVY' v. a. pany one

of the stomach. to see one off when parting,
to the place of parting.

to

A

'n^'f'T:
fLl
:

to be

pushed down on

the poste-

riors ; to he cheated in trade.
V. to

pass one's urine.
i-q-

of the Abyssinians, shewn to friends, and f o any person whom they respect. Gen. xii. 20 h^T-f a>: "they sarv them of."

:

hl'ni.:

Til^'tii.:

q.v.

Dan.

i.

12.

XliT-

pass, to

be accompanied (by friends)

hm*:
ni'*!':
s.

i.q.

n9"n«?':

Ps. Ixviii. 30.

to the parting-place; to bid farewell, to part,
to depart.

urine.
n. i^r. sfia'xkCla,

Acts xxi.

1.

Negro tribe hl5l A: on the confines of Abyssinia. Negro in general.
of a
: Vfl.^'^-: ti-'iYl-C.: s. i.q. Ut-'flO sugar. " loaf-su^ar." 5n.J?'t": "propliets," perhaps

name

and iT?lA: i-q- htIA: potters ivare. h5T7": and |1^9™: s. burden, load, charge.

hViA:
Gen.

xliii. 12.

Matt.
to

xi. 28, 30.

^inVloO:
Gen.
XXX.

V. a.

load,

to

charge, to lade.

ori<nnating from a confusion with
j^ixjl "white."

tlie

Arabic

xxi. 14. 2

Chron.

x. 4.

'n•n:^"'f CD'T:
Isa.

^flVl^A-:
broken
vessels, &c.) to leak, to
6.

"they load their goods,"

fllYl^: V. run out.

n. (of

TilYl"":
leaking, emitting the contained

pass.

&

n.

to

be loaded, charged,

imnhC^
fluid.

burdened ;
water-jar."

to bear, to carry.

Gen. xxiv. 15
"carrying

:

^''J-

Hq^;j<p'}:
flYl*^:
V. n. to
s.

-rhJloiJ:

her

Ti-IJH

Pers. JaJj£ nigella, gith. Isa. xxviii. 23.
«•

be brawny, callous.

IITI:

senate, council.

hTi:

s. id.

Ps. xxvi.
to

4.

ilTn^.:

callus, callosity,

induration of the skin.

XxYltk- v.a.

defraud, adulterate, deal deceitEx. xxi. 14: f\£i''.^6.(XP fully, beguile. "?/he beguile his neigh-

h^^.:
^Xl^^:
•lYl^<J.:

adj.

&

s.

callous, coarse;

and

trop. stijf-

necked, hard-hearted, rude.
V. n. to

'iga: n.rinA:
bour."

sound as a

bell.
bell.

SCor.iv. 2: ^'Tx'^Wt^mdi.C^'VJ^"neither have ive adul-

f%Y\Yt"d,' to
s-

ring or sound a
bell.

YIC'.

hAhnAlT":

a small

Ex. xxviii. 33.
q- v.

A large

terated the

woTd oi God."

bell is called

^0)'A:

TrtilA:

pass, to be deceived, beguiled.

hVlYl : non.

occ.

;

2\hviTn:.
^liT'^Yl:
v. n. to

hm:
to

(

67

)

Thm:
Gen. xxv.
3?, 33.
to be sold.

neigh (as horses);

cluck

o^YhV::

Vid.

Mpm"
Ezek.

(as hens).

Th'm:
(1)

i-fj-

"t-Mm:

flT:

n. pr.

shkwa, or Shea.

the kingdom of

fiVBf-.

s. i.q.

fiy tP»:
:

seller,

one

who

sells.

Shoa. (2) csp. the western part of tlie kingdom

xxvii. 23.
fi a.fi <S.'t-

Matt. xxi.
s.

12.
pi. fi

the eastern part being called Efat or
fjtptnjj^: n. pr. shoamkida
(i.e.

Ifat.

eyebroiv.

4.M ^i^
to veil.

I^a.

Plain of Shoa, or
in the S.

xxxvii. 23.

Tig. K-'iJ^fl::

Lower Shoa), name of a province of the kingdom of Shoa.
riG>'<S.£>:
s.

W.

tt&i- v.a.
XV. 12.
"t"?!*!,!:
veil.

to cover

as with a veil,

Gen.

ii(Dd.d,: V. n. to squint, to look obliquely.

pass, to be veiled,

covered with a
xxv. for

& adj. squint-eyed, one who
Ar.

squints.

fiO^,Py:
XX.
3,

s.

L^

hil."*=
vermicelli.

°-

^''•''''

cotw.

trop.

Rom.

ii.

2yrepuce.

fljEO)': euphon. for

htl: thousand.

Revel.

fi^'JV't": s'*^^ of one's being covered, veiled; and trop. uncircumdsed, state of uncircumcision.

hPni: and
TlTitn
:

contr. KiSi:tosell.

Eth.lU,pm::
sell, to

Rom.
9. s.

ii.

26.

pass, to he sold.

h<I.(in: V. n. to rebel, to
trade, to
:

mutiny.

T'lPdl:

intens. to

buy and
inf.

carry on commerce,
merce, trade,
traffic.

onfj P"^
seller,

!l^,"l:

a

rebel,

mutineer, revolutionist.

com-

fl^T:
lution.

rebellion,

mutiny, insurrection, revo-

iljptp.:

s.

one

who

sells,

a

merchant.

Rad. Urn:: n.P'^J s. ware, merchandise, any article for
Lev. XXV. 25.
njZfJ.:
pi.

sale.

Rad.

iT,fil

::

hfl^^:
eye-salve,

Ar.

_lc
of

pi.

uJb^l
"I*:

3*^:
any

k'af,

collyrium,

instead

the

Heb.

alphabet.
in

Amharic word k af does not occur As the
the ninth letter of the
this

nili^U

Ar.

SlX^
Isa.

"

ornamertal chains worn
20.

of the Abyssinian languages,
to

at the ancles."

iii.

n,T:

s.

torch.

m<^: non
sus est."

occ. Eth. Ui'li.' "celeriter ingres-

have been borrowed from the cognate Arabic and Hebrew. Its pronunciation is generally harsh and peculiar the back part of the palate being spasmodically
:

name seems

?iiriT<i: a. &trs. to pass,

make

to cross

over or

contracted, the breath violently explodes,

through a river, a country, &c.

the following vowel
hiatus in
;

is

and heard with a kind of

t-^il^:

n.

to

cross, to

pass over a river,

wlaich peculiarity is faintly signified

tlirough a country, &c.

Gen.

xxxii. 10: "f fj
this

ICU"- ^iTi:
Jordan."

PC^rftT: "I crossed

European forms by wi'iting it with an apostrophe (') behind the k. In the Tigre
language,
<I>
:

is

generally pronounced nearly
r.

fJT"^:

v.n. to

bar (of a bolt.)
shoot the boll.
(of

like the

Arabic c, and sometimes like the
it is

tttil^d.-

a- to bolt, to

In Shoa,

hlT:

V. n.

to

become mouldy

or fusty

mere

spiritus

commonly pronounced lenis, somewhat similar

like a

to the

bread &c.)

pronunciation of the
people in Egypt.
is

j

with the common
"T'l'fii'v:

il^J: adj. mouldy, fusty. fil^OA": SHr;Gui^:iiL0, a plant, which
on the
festival of the cross.

Thus the word
good Amharic

burnt

" he received " is

pronounced in these three
in
convei-sa-

different
inf.

ways

:

Mm:

i.q.

ritU:

v.a. to

sell.

odHT:

and

tion, T.vK

ABBALA

;

in Tigre generally, t-Xguab-

: :

: :

«|>A:

.

.

1'AA:
:

(

68

)

^lO'AA:
Tigr.

.

tAT":
;

BAiJv,

as the Arabic Jjijo

in Shoa

commonly,

TAABBALA.
«1»A: v.n. io be or to become red, io redden.

XXV, 5:

pq»A:

^' A'l'TAr:

Ex. Matt. xvi. 2: rttiqjC: " for the sky h red." inf. oo^
"ret/."
red, to redden,

id. Hcb. hhjl Ar. Ji, Gen. viii. 3 tlh^flO"?": "fAA: "and the water became little," diminished in quantity. Ex. ix. 28

,P*PA:

H'lJ^: "that

it

may

diminish."
is eas;/."

jEtl'T': tli.:

I'^AA'T-:
diminish,

" this

work

^I'PAA:
^il•I>A: a.
to

a. to

to ease, to lighten,

to

make

inf.

aqtj>

facilitate, to consider,

or

to

render
as

ivorthlcss.

A'l'"

J^S'AA:

intens. to

treat

light

ike;

to

3»A:

s.

Heb. Vip

Ar.J^"vox," "verbum,"
pi.
:

slight, disregard, to disdain, to scorn.

Luke
"let
:

"sermo," word.

H.?i-n(h.C:
covenant.


:

3>A^:

xxiii. 11:

words,
of God."

?i3*AAfl)':

"despised him."

pr*"!

"</'« 'wrrf

iCor.

xvi. 11:

cnjT/n: hy^ACD':
2

Yl.KI: "word

of covenant;"

P—
1.

:

and merely, J^'i^'i- "the tent of

no man disregard him."

Sam.

xii. 9

TTI.KT : 'IT : " he entered into a covenant,'" a treaty, or engagement.
the covenant."

^^:

P>»"lHKnrh.CT: ^nC: 7\$'^£\i} " thou hast slighted the word of God." dtj«})/\/v7" " and his 2 Chr. xxxiii. 19
:

:

Joshua

X.

want of reverence."

'«|»^A: s. testicle,

and

^A.A
testicles.

:

adj. light, inconsiderable, easy,
e.g.
is

little,

&c.

Ar. Jjii',
•fiA: Isa. xxxiv. 14.
spirits,

^O:

fl(D^:
i.e.

fl'AA: ^(Dthe

Ar. J J:

"a

species of evil

this

man

light;"

inconsiderable,

inhabiting forests, and devouring men
Golius.
fruit,

and
4"

beasts."
s.

contrary to Tnn..K': "heavy," i.e. "important," or PYin*:^: "respectable."

A:
out,

a gourd- or melon-like

hollowed

4»"AA:
't'«J*"AA
:

and used as a vessel for liquids. Al. xiqoxj^Ui q.ii_ Another sort of these vessels is ^aOECJ.f; q. V.
^£\.:

to be raised

on a heap.

Josli.

iii.

16.

fp^tJO:

V. n. to v. a. to

play at tennis, drive

balls.

tp^aa

:

make

black, to blacken, to colour,

and euphon.

^ A-: &
s.

adj. ligJitness, littlel-lad.

to dye.

ness;

light, little, inconsiderable,

«|>AA"
least

•^tpf^au:
•tA'J"'s.
:

pass.

in

Ar.Jj.
tiling."

2

Sam.
L.

xviii.

13:

^A": "the
Matt.

the Ethiopic and the
JLj,

Arabic

«|>/\"?n
esp.

and

signifies " calamus," a reed,

Ps.

12:

^A-: ?iA'7niti'7°:
bit

such as

is

used in writing ;" thence the

"

I

would not ask a

of thee."

xiii.

signification in
ter,

Amharic,

ink, colouring
pi.

mat-

12: JPAfl>': he hath."
4^./^:
s.

^A*: "even

the

liltle

quantity

and

colour in general,

«f»A'^'"r:

colours.

valley, loiv country,

opposed to

the^^

" high

and mountainous country,
Jobxxxix.
10.

table-land,

&c."

Ps. lxv.13.

4»>A: \.a.towag,tofan ; e.g. ^ir't'^i- 4*-A: "he vMgged (with) his tail."
•I»-A: v.n. Tig. «I>A?::
rh'i)

Seven colouring substances of difcolours, mixed together in powder, ferent form a mixture which they call P'|»A9^: ?i'ni^: "medicine of co/our;" and is supposed to open the mind and clear up the
intellect, so as to

enable a

man

to acquire

Eth.

^tiQi"

Heb.

Ar.

^

every kind of knowledge without any trouble.

" frixit," to fry, to roast.

This medicine
colours,"

is

also called Prtn'Tr":

'TA

J\«|H.i\:

a."

to fry, to roast.

trq't": 2\'fl'i'"t":

"the medicine of the seven

•1»»A?:

s.

roasted, fried grain.
little,

•fAA:

V. n. to be or to become light,

easy,

seven colours."

and merely rtT'l": TAfJ't": "the On inquiry, I got the follow-

inconsiderabk, worthless, to yield.

Eth. and

ing six of those ^'A^^^'Y":

named

to

me

S'A.T":...
(1) EPIIR.VN. (2) (3)

I'A-fl:

(

69

)

^'A.'fl: ••

•PA\fl(D-t"-

red-ink powder (generally

cinnabar).
senic).

sum el far

( .UJl

^

^A."!!:
is

s.

Ar. C-J'i form, in which any thing

i.e.

ar-

founded, mould, matrice.
V. a. to
id.

(4)

AFFKRA MF^K (powder of musk).
LAIIEE.
I

(5)

KAFFERA
7 th

'I'AnAn:
•f

rage tempestuously.

(6) MESSEKE.

The DamC

of the
,ting.

did not succeed in getThese substances, I was assured, are

material

T^PARAn:

A n rt

:

V. a, <o turn, to invert, the

seam or brim,

mixed together in powder, strewed upon bread, and given to the scholars whom they
wish to enable for learning. Some of the monks of Godjam. who have the reputation of preparing this poisonous mixture, are said

or edge, of any

article

of

dress.

•PAH't"

s.

ring, esp. finger-ring.

Luke xv.

22.

Gen. xxiv.

30.

'I'AnK,' s- ^ kind of roe. ^A"!': «• lightness, Uiilcness,
iv.

make much money by it; and we heard at Ankober, where we ourselves were frequently
to

20:

PW^niifl':

superficiality.
:

Rom.
infir-

"littleness,

mity, of faith."

assailed for

it,

of several school-boys
least

who

^/V,J":

s.

Rad. «|»AA:: lightness, esp. of mind, light-mindedRad. 'I'AA::
s.

had received what at

ness, superficiality.

had been consi-

dered of this philosophers (not stone, but) powder, but who had not, of course, felt

^A,^^y:
person.

adj.

&
s.

ligld-minded, superficial

any

of the promised effects

on their minds,

^A't"?*:

adj.

&

liter,

(words),

i.e.

talker,

although they had grievously suffered for
several days.

one who makes 3*A^: hence fool, madman, esp.
Lev. xix. 26.
Isa.

public fool,
xix. 3.

soothsayer.

^tiJP^ ^^1° s. hotel of a tobacco-pipe. •PAI'A: V. a. to mh, used of beer, mead, and
'
:

Al. Hll«i::
s.

^A^:

a sort of sorcerers and soothsayers
the Galla people,

among

who

act as their

wine, to pour, and to

fill.

priests ; killing their sacrifices to

wak (God)

T'J'A'I'A:
'r*I*A*i»A:
^•Ai'l'A:
•l*^
s.
:

pass, to be mixed, filled,

poured

out for drink.
id.

Ps. Ixxv. 8.

John

xix. 39.

mixture.

A3; A

s.

K AVELK WALL, Or KOLQUALL,

B.

specics

of euphorbia in Abyssinia, which acquires

the size of a considerable tree, and the heio-ht
of

and to demons and foretell future events from an inspection of the slaughtered anim.ars fat, from dreams, from the volitation of certain birds, from the walk of certain quadrupeds, and from other accidental circumstances. Tlieir appearance is much like that of the k'alategnotsh (vid. 3'AT4'0> they go like
;

more than twenty

feet

;

and

is

used chiefly

in building liouses, for covering the cross-

them, dressed in variously- coloured rags, having the guts of slaughtered goats twisted

beams, in order to form layers for a
for the roof.

floor,

or

round

tlieir

necks, usually carrying a bell in

their hands,
s. precipice, declivity, descent of

and making a great noise by

^''A'l'''A'"r :

mountain,

valley. J\*pn'l'r: and descent (of mountains)." Luke
V. a. (I) to

a

vociferation

of nonsense.

Some Mahom-

:

" ascent
iii. 5.

medan

dervishes also go about in the cha-

^Afl:

feed, to nourish, used chiefly
;

A"¥^- and this sort of persons have much influence on the mind of the people.
racter of
:

^

of animals, but also of men though in the latter case oo'jfj : is more usual. (2) to snap,
snatclu

Various modes of •tATfl: Ex. xxix. 9. ^^A^rtT: Ex. xxviiL32. I spelling the Arabic
")

^A'SflCD'T: Ex.xxxix.23.j
pass, to he fed, nourished.

f^^

or

IXJjJ.
cap,

^'PMVGen.

•tA'fl: s.food, cdiment, nourilure, nourishment.
xl.ii. 21.

P

bonnet, mitre.

L/^^' (.^^J [J^"^, ^nd ^_^ts, Heb. tOiUK.

:

:

:

I'A'JS':

•••l^AQ.V"r:

(

70

)

•finj:

.

,

.

«pau|*|:

'^'A^S'=

s-

small sort oi ilcphanCs iusks.

The

«f>inj: v. a. Eth. •I'T'Jrh:
to rob.
't'*l*tnj
:

"vorare,"

to

plunder,

largest sort are called isji^::

inf. ODi|>a«j''f-::

«1»A(I>'A^: Tigr. a

cricket.
to

pass, to be robbed or plundered,

inf.

"fAffldl:
to

V. n. to

obtrude oneself

a dinner or

aoipaq-l-::
•1^7^:

any good meal. ^'A'P^: s. one who hunts after good meals, and wants to be wherever there is feasting.
•t AJi: s. Eth. abyss.

s.

Eth. desire of revenge.

Gen. xxvii. 41.

:

^Hn""r: "he took a
Rad. fp pan

desire of revenge
:

against him."

Heb. Diiiri.

Rad. 1>

AP

•pun: v.n. Eth. «1»*E'?"" Tig. ^mi::

Heb.
the

" to

sound any depth."
At.

Gen.

i.

2.

Ex. xiv. 25.
Isa.iii.l9.

Dip

Ar.

|,IS

to

stand,
station.

inf.

ao^fpa:
ix.

1'A.E^:
neck.

Mj

plur. of

ijili.

standing,
*"'fl>':
(

state,

Gen.

17:

P^

Any ornament
•fAJ^:
s.

or pieee of dress

worn on

the

Gy.

euphonically) "which s/ancZs."
(2

xxiv. 13:

•iJO^yAU-:
make

constr.)

"I am

thong of leather,
'i^ti

i.q.

aaai'^::

standing.''^

2\«|itiro: trs. to

stand, to erect, to place,

4'A^:

Ar.

sing, of jolU.

Cant i. 10. Vid.

to establish.

«1»A^^:: 'I'AK?: adj.
XV. 15.

•f4>OD

:

pass, to be erected, &c.,

not often used.

&

s,

talker, tell-tale, calumniator.

TS'fflo^:

intens. to stand against, to vjith-

'8'Afri: V. n. to melt, to fuse, to dissolve.

Ex.

stand, to resist.

Deut.

vii.

24

:

^il'(D7°W
2 Chr.

WiK"a- fo melt, Ucjuefy.
is

TJ9":

?»^^'A7°: "and none

?v^'AHl:
«|>A'y :
s.

shall

be able to uilhsland thee."

melting, fusion, luhat

molten.

Ps.

XX. 12:

>»^J^a)'7":H^.!^: "thatu-emay

Ixiii. 5.

Dan.
s.

ii.

33.

withstand," "

make head against."

^A^IT:
vanity.

delicacy, effeminacy, voluptuousness,

T^J't*"*'^

:

reiter.

&

recipr. to withstand obsuccessfully,
inf.

Deut. xxviii. 56.

Jer.

xiii.

27.

stinately, jointly ,

and

cro^
29

•PAin^S.:

V. a. to be strong, robust.
s.

«l»-9":

Luke
i.q.

xxi. 15.
't'_«l><l»^

^A^ld.:
•I'AI^:
s.

& adj. strong,

musculaus.

•TSJoo:
heretic
sc. all

ou:

Prov.

xxi.

:

fem. 'I'A'JElP.'l':: an effeminate, devoluptuous person. Deut. xxviii. 56.

oor^^l':

nj^"Q.ii-11-:

^jJ^^aQA: "an

licate, vain,

boldly (and) obstinately resists"

^AJf?":
4*'Ad.:

and

^ATT":

s-

marrow.

Tig.

good advice.
;

•fl^D; adj. verb, standing

hence important,

e.g.

V. a. to shut, to lock up. 4.

Gen.

xix. 10.

Ex. xxvi.

'X'^^tiA,' pass, to be locked up. Trop. to have a prepuce, to be uncircumcised. «I»"A^: s. Eth. one supplied with a prepuce, an

•liV: YIC- "an important thing," "worth while." "of consequence," &c. JE{J: fi?": nC: ?»JEJiilA9": "this is of no consequence," " not worth while," "trifling." 2 Chr.
ix.

20: qi«?n:
i.e.

^iq;

hAin^T":
i.e.

"was not
entirely.

uncircumcised person,
iii.

pi.

<1»~A4.1"

^°"

important,"

11.

Joshua
s.

V. 3.

Isa.

lii. 1.

was not valued. f|cUaq^.'}: "such as we were,"
s.

Ps. cxxiv. 3

«I»^A^:

lock,

and any thing which serves

'P^6t:

louse, coll.

vermin.

Ar. J.^.

Ex.

for shutting or locking up and closing ; e.g. " /ocA- of a box." : PA'llfl: pu|)t»1:

viii. le.

ipipi^:
•liy^tj,:

s. s.

spices.

Cant.

iii. 6.

:

"lock of dress,"
'

i.e.

button, or hooks.

a species of

little

pigeons.

Tig.

'^Adft'
ix. 25.

Eth.

s.

prepuce, uncircu/ncision. Jer.

fpaufi
s,

:

v. a. to taste,

imperat. ^tiro|^ ; "taste,"

'p'-fiQJi^:

uncircumcision.

pi.

Ps. xxxiv. S.

2\t|,(rort:...^7nTA:
J\«|'OD|^:
trs.

C

71

)

•fowfliA:

••

l'^:
1

<o /rf

one

taste, trop.

to lend

effeminacy.

Isa. xlvii. 1.

Tim.

v. C.

for a little while; e.g.

i^^g•^.^J^: ^^^
thy bread."
«I><5.

«|»oiJniA:
<|»-irjra'pf

V. n. to be delicate, effeminate.
id.

ynrt^:

"let

me

<as«e

•l-«|>mjfnA:
:

Prov. xxix. 21.

UT:
^nijfl:

T'5"1': ?»*9"rt^: "lend knife for a little while."
s.

me

thy

s. s.

scrofula, hinges evil.

IpaofXl,^:

a gourd-bottle.

Vid.

^A"

Ar.

fjoJ^AJi

a

shirt,

gown, or any
supplied

f^uiC•PlUni:
thief.

s.

Caesar, title of the

Roman Emperors.

piece of
sleeves,

clothing which
is

is

with
7.

Matt. xxii..l7.

Luke

ii. 1.

and
s.
::

not open in front.

Ex. xxv.

V. a. to purloin, to pilfer, to steal.
s.

^9T)^j:

the tasting, eating,

a meal.

Rad.
"
'"^

•P^lfn.: and •I»"iCEl»:

purloiner, pilferer,

«raurt
^»"yil:
bit

s.

a

bit

or morsel.

:

>i^X"<^'"

of bread."
s.

gavit, verberavit, flagellavit, percussit." Vid.

ll'^lfi:

coarse Egyptian linen.
S-

Ar. (/XUi.

Lud.
I (will)

Gen.

xix.

51

:

>»'iKA4'A"^:
inf.

" that

not punish."

oraJ|>Ujq,: and

on

•I^-V^SJ"^'

""^ ^tAose

<ee</i

are rotting away.

ShoaTCfl: n«5.e.: Vid. h«5.^:: *r9"nC: s. yoke. Acts xv. 10: <I>«FJnCi^: ^CEUf/v^U-: " and you put a yohe^' 1 Sam. ii.l2: <i>7»nC:^A'rt5ir'^^CD':A^¥:
"undisciplined, ill-trained boys,"
lit.

^ID^'T:
Exod.

punition, punishment, chastisement.

ix. 14.

"VPHiii,- pass, to be punished, chastised. ^*^: v. n. to be left, to be omitted, to remain,
fail, to cease,
.

to

inf.

tmtp^^z

the remaining,

"child-

ren on
<jjoo-Y:

whom
s.

no yoke had been put."
height.

remainder,
suhjunct.
it

rest, tlie failure,
let it

ceasing, omission.
let

stature,

As bodily dimen-

^'PC'

remain, be omitted,

sion, it is often

^inj'"!":

and ^trgjP'V:
Vid.
s.

exchanged for Yl£i.J*:: s. granclfaihers grandrobber, plunderer.

alone.

^'tC,- Yxti- to say ^^C.'sins
;

i-q-

a.<ptivai, to remit, sc.

i.e.

to forgive.

Ps.

vi.

father.

ha^JP-T"
Tigr.

2:

JE*C:

HA^:

"forgive me."

Matt.

«|>orof : and 'Ixnjf:

*Tl:J'i" Rad. <I»aq:: iprfOPi s. prey, plunder, spoil. Matt,
ipmjy.-i-:
ej>giJ«Y
:

xxiii. 25.

Vid. ^'"^'t'::

vi. 12: ^^C: OAi: UV'- JPAaJ''?: >.?: ^-iOD-i: Ji^C: X'iKg^'JA: "forgive (remit) us our debts, as we also forgiie." "h^lfOF^-- "it (he) does or will not fail." This last expression, in connexion with the

s.

Ar. la*i rope,

cable,

cord.

Prov.

preceding verb
time,
is

as

negative

participle

of

vii. 1 6.

badly

for ai'in'jD " coverlets."

a strong affirmation, similar to the

^aq(T): s. a ifffO'ip: gum

scrofulous person.

of the eyes, tenacious matter gathering in the corners of the eyes.

English oiJn\: come,"

mode

of expression; e.g. "J^TlV: "^Ji
will

tt^^CT^: "he
"he
will

not fail to

i.e.

most

surely, undoubtedly

«l>ao|TJ: Don occ.

come."

This

is

carried through all the per-

•t-<I)aDm:

V. n.

&

pass, to be seated, to sit;

sons of the sing, and plural,

"z^^:

^fPQp:
it."

and, as the Abyssinians spend a considerable

?iTI'C9»: "we
Jobi. 5:

shall

not fail to see
:

portion of their lives in a sedentary way, this word expresses their idea of remaining,
divelling, living.
sit

9"rAn->: A^^ "^^n^A-: 7\^^^7°- "my sons most probably have
ri.1>C: part. temp. pres. 3 pers.
it

Gen.
keep

v.

imp. -fftroT":
seat.
inf.

offended."
sing, whilst
ting, not to

down,

or,

thy

tmqf
to
set,

remains,

is left

or omitted, omit-

OUT::
^j^tpaojTi
place, put.
:

mention;

e.g. "V^.cJ.'I'f}:

fX*P<.:

trs.

to

make one
:: s.

sit,

nX^-

P«niTia>''i: n*i:

tli.-.

"^l^:

^TDTA:

feni.

^»?°TA.f

&adj.

delicacy,

any works of supererogation, we do not even perform those

'f\'ifi6.'}^: "not to mention

;

J\fl1'4:--.1:<^:

(

72

)

fCU":...
stripe (red on

«r»^n:

good works which are our necessary
«|>C-f-: constr.
it 1.

duties/'

and blue
the

one

side,

and blue on

remaimnfj,

left,

omiltcd,

and

other);

(he) remains,

&c.

nW^:
'PC,:

nal":
2. it

'VC'l;:
sliall

hAOW
par}
parj^

ATlT^JinA:
^,d„:, and
stripe
colours.

kVvrk; .I^Ctl: ^.Cfour and niore times folded
doul)l<>

"

I

stay at

home, and
the
rest,

not come."

ooC^^S.: the best
or

sort,

having a
different

^.j^'l-qj^: constr.

remains, kc.

embroidered with

silk

of

what remains,

remainder,
the

5mA:

IXA: means

the

same

'PC.fo-.

"and

so

on,"

"and

rest,"

" et

as a large 3l<ii"

cwtera;' " &c."
Y\l\'i*d,' a.
to fail,
to

txJL^C,. " let it not/fl//," &c. &trs. to leave, to omit, remit, cause

^CfP'- and q>47":
gathering of grain.

Etli. stuhhles, ears
is

of corn,

and any thing wliich

make remain,
:

to save, to preserve.

gleaned after the inRuth. ii. 2. Rad. <1>«^

34 'J^rfj'pr ; " let us -ryrescrve." Rom.iii.3: P>»"lH.?»7uii.C'J:>k(I>'Vr:
xix.

Gen.

ao:

Eth. "eollegit spicas relictas."

yfl^&.A'i: "does it cause the trutli of God tofaiir" '^mjK'VI: Ixtl'Vd,: "he remitted sins," i.q. ^'^C.: ?\A :: ^i,: s. knife. Shoa, falchion. Vid. n,AT:: 'p'-Q: (1.) Eth. 't^qO 1 TJiess. v. 8. and 1 Sam.
:

'J'C^: s. stallimi, stone-horse, steed. ^C'f^'H: s. Ar.^- Gr. kokkos /3a<piKhs,
mes, scarlet-berry, kermes-xcorm.
Isa.
i.

Ver-

IS.

4»^<.C: Rrov.
in clothes ;

xi. 13. Ar.^j^ holes and fissures any thing by wliich a man may

xvii. 5. it stands for helmet.
cold, frost.
•|J<5.:

be deceived.
4*"<ifl:
V. a.
to

(2) Eth. «l>'-£^::

Rad. ^t^e^: Eth.
s.

break bread into morsels, to
vi.

and

^i.:

crumljle.
croii;

Mark

41.

Eth. $lO::

raven.

Gr. Kopa^, Lat. corvus, Germ, krahe, Ar.

^Vl
fern.
is

1"i*^d,f\- pass, to be broke into morsels, n. to
crumble.
'Pitl'- ^Y. ^joijs
stinying -nettle,
urtica.
Isa.

Heb. l^ir,
4*'"<I^P.'I^:

Gen.
1

viii. 6.

Lev.
4.

xi. 15.

Kings xvii.

TJie

name

evidently given to the bird from the sound
it

xxxiv. 13.

Iv. 13.

Amh. i^mj::
bit

emits.
:

^^i.Yi
i^iece

:

s.

crumb, morsel,

of bread.

Gen.

3j<i,

s.

K WARE, a

of vesture wliieh con-

xviii. 5.

Rad. 4*»<^rt::

stitutes the principal

luxury of the Abyssi-

^Cn:

nians* dress, excepting the U'Cl-f?: of ladies

of rank.

It is
less

more or

a large piece of white, and fine and soft cotton cloth, from
lengtli,

s. Ar. i^j) KAUsu, signifies, in Egj'pt, a piastre (about 2^ pence) in Arabic, a dollar (about four shillings). In Abyssinia, the
;

four to eight yards in

and,

when

doubled, three yards or upwards in breadth,

known; but wlien they use it, latter signifiration. The Amharic word is -ll^: (/.v. Gen. xxxvii. 28,
word
is
is little it

with

the

without sleeves, and with coloured stripes on the edses, about three or more inches in It is wrapped round the body, breadth.

it

stands for " piece of silver."

^^dj^d.'

non. occ. Ar.

ii "gemuit columba."
D«ut. xx\4.
pewter.
14.
s.

covering the whole from the neck to the feet and, only when walking, they take it up a little on both sides and throw it over the

't'P^d,'^^' 4»C^C= and ^C,^(Z:
xxxi. 22.

'" ^'' <7''iti"^^-

tin,

Num.

The is distinguished from the ^fl.: by ^d„'What Bruce (vid. 2d being much better. Vol. VII. p. 63) describes as a ^d.: edition,
shoulders, in order to be able to walk.
is

•jNi^^rt: non. nem."

occ.

Ar. j|»Jy' "vocavit ca14.
to j)lay.

'V^&'^t\
^djt\:
inf.

'•

2

Sam.

ii.

v.n. Heb. n"3|7 andnn,"?

Ar. (__^'

to

be

nothing but the ;jn.
are the

:

?• v.

Various sorts of
with a red stripe » red

a<i:

n^^

:

9.^'

on the edges; the

VbAH: %^- ^i*

draw near, to approach, to be offered. tni<^d-W. Gen. iii. 3: "hTi^lCSl i^jjD; " and that we should not come near to
near, to

K'Pd.n:...^d,H:
it."

(

73

)

*<.jf
Ar. iJj^

:

'

^CV"^^-'
1

James iv. 8: (D^: >V^H.^•lllh.C: *«^n-: y^cffp*: a)K/\^'r: jsi^cnA: "draw nigh to God, and He wU! draw vhjli to
you."
•I.H.:

^^^•.
X. 22.

pi.

of i>j monkey.

Kings

2Clir.xxix. 27:

«^'^^i.9H:n'!Vn:
was
offered}'
to present, to offer.

*!'<ifn:

Amh. Tng-C:: and •p^R- ^'' *• '"
seal, to

engrave, to coin, to

"and when the

offering

stamp, to

mark, esp. for customs, taxes,

ht'^n
Gen.

trs. to 3.

bring near,
20.

&c.

;

to take customs, to be

a publican.

Ex.

iv.

viii.

2 Chron. xxix. 27:
offer."

xxviii. 9.

John

vi. 27.

jPtCn-:

Hl^:
Kings

"that they should

"T^iitll: and

'V^d.K-

pass.

Ex. xxv. 25.

'V'Pd.n: pass.
other.

<o 6e 6rou^/i< near, to he offered.

T 3'<^n: reeipr.
1
:

/o ie 7!ear, to
vii.

approach each

'htl'l'd,K\' cans, ^o cause to engrave, &c. •bX'l'; and «|>r''t»; s. the engraving, stnmmnn,

T.'l'CP

" being near

nCi'^: one to another."
"Xt^Vr":

4:

stamp, coinage, mint, place where customs are
paid.

Matt.

ix. 9.
s.

^^djl'

V. n.

& a.
a. to

fo

taJce the

sacrament of the

'PC.'V'

and ^(^R*:
V. a. to

the

engraving,

stamp,

Lord's Supper,

inf.

ootp^^-fi:-,

coinage.
•I'^^^rrj:
inf.

Ex. xxviii. 11.
cut; trop. to decide, appoint.
::

?i4*~iin:

administer the sacrament of
inf. tnj'|»'-«^'n::

the Lord's Supper,

^CnAr.
:

and

OD«t»--4'y

cf.

<|>C;'fl: adj.

near, nigh.

Heb.

l"],'?

Heb. fl)? and Ar. ^JiJ PT«I»»
" a deci-

" concidit."

^.-^J.
xxiii. 40.

'V^d.dl'- pass,
Ar. CJJi Heb. pI-Q'^l'li^

to be cut, decided.

T^^-n Lev.
*l*°<in
:

ivillow-tree.
s. iore, s.

4fn: ^IC: "a decided business," inf.ov^^'Tfi: sion."
:
:

idcer, bubo.

'P'-C.tl^'-

sAv'n,

hide,

leather.

Ex. xxv.

5.

Tx^.^lD to interrupt. Num. x. 7 ?»^i^fH (0-9^: "i^AA: ^nA-: "and they shall
interrupt

Job
jor,

xix. 26.

cf.

Ar. ij i " uter coriaceus

ma-

(the trumpeting)

with shouts,"

quo defertur aqua."
:

(with saying

AAA: 9-'y)
to be interrupted, to

•l»^CTi
esp.

3-

Hcb.

TS^^fll:
jS"))?

pass,

do any
x.

Ar.

l_>'j^'

an

offering ;

thing at intervals and
5: i^Jli^^'y:

by

starts.

//((?

eucharisl.
the

Ex.

Num.

x. 25.
rest.

"without in/errup<(on."
to cut,

^ij,^:

s.

remainder,

Gen.

xlv.

7:

I *<i.:r: ?xfl•!•CA^l^: H'ijir: should (cause to remain) preserve a remnant

"that

?ifl'l^«ifn: eaus. to cause
xxxi. 19
:

^tiq^Cy: HlJJ:
intens. to

&e. Gen. "in order to

have cut."

for you."

Rad.
a

<|>«^::
to sfivl:

*'1>^{': v.n. to exhale a bad smell,

^6.d,(H

:

ad
7.

into pieces.

Judges

^iS'

lialf

On,:
is

gabi) piece of

common

^^ii. 7.

2 Chr. xxxi v.
(1)
s.

cotton cloth, as

used in barter.

The gab!

^•"CV:
11
.

a

cirf,

division, part.

1

has twenty Abyssinian yards (the yard to
eighteen inches), the k'arana ten.

(2) adj. cut, decided, explicit.

Sam.
:

xi.

VIC:
Acts

"a decided thing;"
v.

"explicit terms."

^Ci:

Eth.

s.

horn.

Amh. «^^J^::
Gen. xxx.
shell.

28:

^CV:
tell

" did
35.

we not
pi.

'P^C.'iO.'
'pCJIT'l"s.

s.

buck, ram, he-goat.

YIQ: rt^YlCJ^'^t-lhl^'i: you in explicit terms ? "
\,]j ear-ring.

a stinking sweat.
s-

f-C/V.

?i*^T:: Ar.Lj pi
V. n.

4»^rrf 'T:
'p^C.'i^A:
spice).
3»tf!i,H
:

Eth. frog.

Amh.

^d.ttlff»:
clove,

impers.

to suffer

rheumatism.
puins.-'

Ar. JiJi caryophyllum,

(a

J^.^.^'yoD^A: "I have
Rev.
xvi. 10.
Isa.

rheumatic

s.

use in carrying

barrow, esp. such as the Abyssinians tlieir dead to the grave, bier.

4>£;m«;n:

xxxiv.

13.

Ar.JaJcardamum,
1

garden-creas (a plant.)

Acts

V. 15.

•^^Cytnj'l':

s.

rheumatism.

Kings xv.

23.

:

«I»^Cm"^: •••'l'35rtA:
4»*'Cni'l':
-

{

74

)

«l*^f!A:
s,

.

.

^^A:
Ex.
ix. 9.

s.

tlwcutting.
:

n^'l":
;


s.

VWR:
bag.

::

"colic."

•I'^flA:

wound,

sore, boil, ulcer.

"cutting, griping pain in the

bowels " " dysentery."

^nf^:
vii. 3.

Ar. ^Laj

fuller.

2

Kings

xviii. 17.

Isa.

•P^.ni.^:
publican.

purse,

little

Luke

Mai.

iii. 2.

xix. 13.

iJ»^6p.: engraver, sealer, coiner, custom-officer,

'Pflrt: v.n. to be ordained priest, to be priest.

2\'f rtl*|:

trs. to

ordain priest.
hollow out.
to excite, stir.

4^^''T^:

s. cutter,

12: £^^.JP:

one who
:

'Ptl'Pfl' V.
cuts.

a. to excavate, to

2 Chr. xxiv.

"stone-ra^er," -mason."

?i1'l"TH'rt:
ii.3:

trs. to

move,

Job

Mark

vi.

27

:

K'H-'V:

:

"neck-cu«er" le.
cut
oli;

" executioner."

nCI>: AJZ: ?iTP«11'flTl'?: "thou hast moved me sigainst him."

*!*^^6p.:
slice.

s.

a piece

t'l^'Tl'l'rt' pass.
-wiiicli is

& n.
28.

to

be moved, to move.
1»fl : " that

a part,

cut,

Part. rel. pres.

P mil*!'
i.

«T[

which
moce,

moves."
s.

Gen.

•l»^C^9"'^'"l^=
^C,VSL^^
s.

ancle-bone.

a basket.

John

Yy^'i'P^^ti:
^fl<p^fl:

i.q.

Kll^ll'll:

to

vi. 13.

put into motion.
V. a. to stir, to poke.

Ti^R: ^Cft:

c.
s.

derivv.

Vid. «|>^ni::

the engraving, stamp, coinage, mint.
1 1.

Ex. xxviii.
•I**^^: V.
a.

•fri'Il: Ar. t^^vflj'
to

Heb. 112^ caZamu.s (a

spice).

At. u-j/

peel

off.
off.

Joel

Cant.
i.

iv. 14.

Isa. xliii. 24.
J. .-

7.
:

't''t*d.&,' pass.

& n.

to

peel

Lev. xiv. 37
off,'''

^x «l>rtq: Ar. Luij probably
xxvii. 19.

i.q.

•I'rt'n:

Ezek.

P'V^d.d,: "that which
4»^<J_: Ar.
^»<5.<L:
s.

is

peeled

and,

of a house, " is dilapidated."
iiJ.

cinnamon.

Rev.

xviii. 13.

Tfll": s. Heb. nil'J? Ar, ^j..^ bmv. P.V^oxjf and •pfl'l': K'^T: "rainbow." Gen.ix.

:

liter, the

peeler ; a

man who

carries

'I'flJ":
less,

s. silence,

secrecy ;

a

quiet, gentle, noise-

wood for a

church.

and
s:

cautious behaviour.

Sj^C^^z
Lev.
<t*fl:

s.

bark, peel of plants; scafes of fishes.

't'tl'Vt-

an archer, boivman.
s.

Ezek. xxvi.

8.

xi. 9.

^flf
soft! gently!

K

EssENA,

priesthood, slate

and

office

of

interj.
:

mind!

take

care!

a priest or presbyter.

2\A
s.

:

to

do gently,

without noise.

quietly, cautiously,

I'flE^C^l^etter'p'H^Q: Ar.yjjf
iv. 10.

tin.

Zech.

:

flA:

"<^o it gently,"^ &c.
pi.

^fl

:

priest, presbyter.

Eth.

'pOO^fi't* ::

Eth. 4»lXfI::

Tig. I'll."
sore,

hv.

^j^.
:

^rif

:

Ar. kuJi (1) a measure of dry things,

^|*|/\: v.n. to be pain in general.

wounded, and to feel Gen. xxxiv. 25 'Tk^T: rt.4*"f!AnH*fl>': "when it was very sore on them," " when they were very sore.^ A«l*"rtA: trs. to wound, to inflict wounds or
sores.

a quarter of a bushel. (2) of liquids, about nine quarts. Ex. xxx. 34. Ezek. iv. 1 1.

Tfim:
^'p:
s.

and
Tigr.

«!>iT[ttl.:

Vid.

q^UUm: and
Lev.

«I>

^^\J::

partridge.

xi. 17.

Prov. xxvii, 6

:

Pffl^^: ^^*^

"improjierly for the Arabic
fies

ly, which signi-

rtA: V'VO^\'' Id^: "^''^ icounding of a friend (which he inflicts) is faitliful." wounds T'l^'rt A: pass, to be wounded, receive
or
sores.

a certain water-bird with a long-neck,
stew meat, and to cook in genethe cooking, stewing.

the fern or pelican.

'P'Ptk'
ral,

V. a. to

inf.

ou^tp£^:

"V^tlti.- pass, intens. to be
sm-e.

much wounded or
1 constr.

'V'P'fti. pass,

to be stewed,

cooked.
tlie

Acts
pi.

xix. 16.

TSflAO^:

^%A:

s.

(1) the stewing, cooking. (2)

stewed,

3 pers.

"much

wounded."

prepared meat.

::

:

"

«t*Crt:...T«I>nA:
k'ek'ros,
s.

(

75

)
iv. 1:

^'^'nA:
T'lTIAU':

*flO:
"I have
received.''''

•t^Cfl:
sixtieth

a measure of time, the

John

clay, not including the part of an hour, i.e. twelve minutes. From the Latin circus; the tc being

part of a
fifth

ill: (Dir-P*?": ?iA'ri'nA''V«?":"and
his i)arty received

night; the

him not." A't"!'!! A*"!"
to all

IhA-:

^^:

"but

who

received him."

transposed to
cicrus.

cr,

reading

it

as if it

was
Lev.
(a

ovYl6^' T'TOA: "he suffered." Symb. Apost.
"he
Gen.
iv. 11,
:

received affliction,"

Ps. \i. 9.

^^^:
xiii. 2.

s.

a certain cutaneous eruption.

Isa. vii. 3.

39.
s.

?k'tnA

^'iS.'
plant).

KAKEDA, a species of geranium

<|>n: V. a. Eth. «|>tlhL: and

•pTlO:: Tigr. *p
to salve, to line

make receive, to present. Nehem. JjICEB-P ^•?»: A««}1> flA: n:^HHa[>': 'Pi- "and on the day when lie was uruefeu to present \0~ to Oucr)
trs.

to

xiii.

31

;

•n^"

to anoint, to

embalm,
inf.

the wood."

with any adipose, oleous, earthy, or metallic
substance in fusion,

t"^nOA:
receive

recipr.

and

reiter. to give

and

to

ao ^ Q -t"

: :

Isa. Ixi. 1

among one
to time.

another, or

repeatedly,

'>k"lH.J\-n(h.C= I'-n-^^Af: "for God hath Acts x. 38: •P'n'frJ'Af: anointed me."

from time

Rev.

xi.

10:

7R:

ftd.

Yi^TH: ^•pnnAA':
©»: "and they shall among -fhemselves." hfllTlA: i-q- JVi'l'nA:
offer, to give.

'KC.ti'distribute

(ICSl^P
presents

^K^fl: "for (God) hath anointed him with the Holy Spirit." Ps. xx. 6: •I^'fl-t"
n'"*'J<5.fl:

^nUitD^I: "him whom
king."

anointing he

Mark
liim."

xvi. 1: A.'Pfh't'V'*:
It
is

made "and to

to present, exhibit,
:

embalm

often substituted for

Anm: and ATA^T" e.g. ^f|->T: fi^C. ^Q: ^^ " he lined the cauldron with tin,"
:

anYl«5.: hflT "sh^ offered affliction to her," nA5''^= i.e. " made her to suffer."

Gen.

xvi. 6

"tinned

it,"

where either of the two other
to

"1*11 A.:

Shoa

s.

Ar. ^Lui'
"l^J^

tribe

of a nation.
'**

verbs would do as well.
•f •1*1: pass,
be anointed, &c.
inf.

't'n*^: V. a.

Heb.
31

od<|>

^^-t^

burg, to inter.
I

Gen.xxiii.4: P9^'i»'fl^n'"r: "in which
burg."
xlix.
:

may

^n.:

s-

Eth.

^'^^:

Tigr. ^-flt^::
e.g.
:

oil,

oint-

•MlCi'1':

" I

buried her."

ment, grease, melted butter, " fresli, unmelted
oil," i.e.

^f|^:
:

fPUd,:

pass, to be buried.

Gen. xv. 15:

+

butter.""

^ 'I ^^ti

" holy

"olive
s.

011,"

Ezek. xvi. 18.

'tTl^tiV- "thou shalt be buried."' 31 fPilt!^: " they were buried."
•STICPs.
^- o,

xlix.

^•ll : K OB,

a cap, in Abyssinia worn espethose who, either in their youth cially by or after several successive marriages, have
devoted themselves to celibacy, by monks and nuns. It is therefore considered as a mark
of monastic
life;

jackal,

an animal similar to the
Ezek. xxxix.
15.

fox.

Ixiii. 10.
s.
s.

«I>1i:
'l>n'?':

burier.

reins of

a horse's bridle.
2 Sam. xv. 16.
:

•IjI'T::

s.
s.

concubine.

and ^-ffi- AOrt: "he

*|»n^:

Eth. ^'fl?\-"f

and ^-flt^^::
Ex. xxix.

the
7.

wore the cap," or more usually «?^T: ^T : " he made the cap," signifies the same
as "

KR

anointing, the ointment, unction.

^nl'T:

KiJOANUG,

s.

Ethiopically composed of

he became a monk."

^H:
"he
ac-

<I>(IA: non occ. Heb. 7?|5 Ar. Jj5 cepted," " received," &c.

a good oil for lamps, and nearly as good as olive-oil, even for salad and other purposes.
nug-oil,

and Y-l:

T'I'fl'A:

v. a. to receive, accept, to take, take
inf.

^-nO:

and ^-flYk: Eth.
and, in the
oil,

stat. constr.

^Ml?i:
«|>n

up, to meet, encounter,

OD«I»nA:

the

or^-flO:
^iic^:

Amh.
i.g.

Vei-sion, often

receiving, reception, acceptation, receipt.

Gen.

ointment, &c.

^fl: and

l2

:

:

;

^-fl-H-n-H:

..?ifl1>r:
oil," 'i.e.

(

7G

)

tf:
Ps. Ixxviii. 58:
1'Th'Y':

*T:

f"
oi/."

^-n*^: *J^fl: "holy
Ezek. xvi. 18.

"olive

n"lP:t:^^'(I>'9°• ?»fl "and with their idols they exaspe-

^"flU'flTI k'kbkzbkz,
erring,

particle of an anxious : wanderhuj, or Jlutlerhuj about :

rated him."

?»A:
Matt.
<J,F:

liter. " to

say

K'iiciizBKZ," i.e. " to

wan-

^r:

v.n. Eth. ^\\::
stetit,"
to

Tig. «l>lt^::

An

JiS\

der, err, swerve,
ix. 36.

or jlulter about anxiously."

"erectus

be straight, even, direct,

^-flTI'n'HT": -nAOh: \t\ "because they were vanderinfj about
iy.

right, upright, just, righteous, equitable,

favou-

with

anxiety, timorously."

rable ; e.g. P'Pi': part. re), perf. "that which was or is straight, &c. ;" and adj. straight,
direct,

T^OHnH:
iv. 12, 14.

^-imn-H:
:

&c.

?iA::

Gen.
road."
:

P^'f: »o'}l^: "a

straight

xxi. 14

-t-abn-H-T.!!:

^n^^'
about."

Ps. Ixxiii. 1:
is

^C:
to

i(D-'-

AH^^OM
is

"she

was timorously meandering
xiv.

A'Tf "he
upright."

good

them whose heart
"it

Numb.

33

:

^^nHfiWA-:

"they

JSAI'rA^"?":
tome."

was

not

shall so-rroufully icander."

straight or favourable

YIQ: ?\A*I*

?i^nHnH:
wander
Jobxii. 25:

trs. to drive about, to cause to

fAT9":
to him,"
i.e.

"the business was not favourable

in anxiety, sorrow, uneasiness, &e.

X'JK: ti'^il": y^tlH •nHH'V£t'. "he maketh them to stago-er like a drunken man." a. to stuff, to cram ; fdl up ; to tie •fntn^i^: into a knot. The soft Q : is often changed for a *p : when it becomes ^J flff 4 ?• i''^'-

?\<|»f : trs. to
to direct.

"he did not succeed in it." make straiglit, right, prosperous

Ps. x. 17:
u-ilt

AH'FCD'T: jh'trT
make
upright, &c.

AH:

"thou

direct,

X"iH./\n<h.C: o^'il^ 0)1: jf^TAfl): "may God (straighte'n, make even) direct yoiir way for you " e.
their hearts."
;

i.

:

" I

wish you a good journey
intrs. to

"
!

3>J°: ing

s.

the being out of breath, the gasping, pant-

; the

asthma.

Yx'Pi'i'.
rity.

produce order, give prospePs. cxviii. 25.

Mark
i.(f.

ix. 12.

1;^: Ar. |U* cucumber.
'P't'C^*

Num.

xi. 5.

•lif:

s.

Tigr.

and Shoa.
Eth.

A

certain measure of

noon-day, mid-day.

Gen.

ui. 8.

dry

tilings,
s.

ovfi^-. q,v.

'ft't^: g_ Q small piece of the icoof of a cloth; a candle made of such a piece.

fT:
e.g.

day.

Tn

:

(DK=

4»i.TT:
to

Eth. ^"fQ):: lay a wager.
V. a.
^- '^'^

to

wager,

to

bet,

Iviii. 2.

"^kVl-

— "from day day," A — half a day," or mid'

OA^'::
:

Tigr. B»JOA't:::
to
Isa.
"

:

"

day,"

i.q.

«1'^(^::
" cantus,

4^^5'J»Tlf
:

betting, the wager.

3'f:? Ludolf
of
t'ef

s.

a sort of bread

made

and

sic

de voce humana, quasi dictum esset a canendo." yufjr:

butter.

a certain musical wind-instrument.
iy^j boiled coffee.

^'J'P: Ar.

^i:
K2,"? to

s.

Ar. SLic "cantus."

Heb.

Tll'^p

"lamen-

^f:

V. n.

Eth. «I»^?^::

Heb.

be jealous,
; to

envious; to labour under jealousy or envy
study, to be zealous.

Gen. xxvL 14

:

•fi^fl't':

hymn, song ; a piece of poetry, the art of poetry; esp. prosody and versification. WQ'iA.'V: or oij'^A.
tation for the dead."
•f:

"they were envious against

(envied) him."

:

1 Cor. xiL 31: A^^-^-nATT": X;j: *l-: " study for (strive after) the superior grace."

terior

: or composed: ^f^'iA.""!': the excircular division of a church, where the

congres'ation assembles, and which surrounds

"V^f.

a- io envy, to

shew jealousy, &c., with

the two inner circular divisions, the sanc-

ace. of the envied person.

tuary and the holy of holies.

Vid. o^i'^ A."!* ::

iitfpf:
irritate,

caus. to excite jealousy or anger, to to exasperate, to provoke to anger.

4*T:

s.

justice,

equity, right, righteousness, up-

rightness,

honesty ; adj. just, equitable, right.

;

:

.

ftlj:
upright, honest.

.

.

.

^-J^'it-:

(

77

)

4»-im:-« "pm:
occ.

Ps. xxv. 21. xi. 2:

Afl:

— —

4^lfn: non

and composed,
forward
oiF

AIl^T:
Gen.

"upright^ "straight-

lieart."
x. 5.

'T4»'rffl : V. n. to climb, to clamber, to scramble. JT^f): s. Tneai which has been cut into thin
stripes,

A^S
"

^'

fonguage.

hV^JCJP-

and dried in the
s.

air.

the

Amharic
s. s.

language.'"

ifjrrjp:

Ar.

.ILJJ

"

centenarium,"

«

flMn-

«j»v'jq>-.'^:

a moth.

rfred weight, quintal.

'p'-'i^i,;

earwig, auricular

worm

(an insect).

'1»^'1T^'Y':
his fingers.

s.

a

little

handful, so

Ex. xxv. 38. xxxvii. 24. much as a

'P'i$'^

s.

singer ?

Ezra

ii.

65.
Etli. ^'}?\^'l':

person can take between the extremity of

^f

'*!•: s.

(1) envy, jealousy.

and

Lud.
V. a.

^'i^-'V:: Matt, xxvii. 18. (2) belt, girdle, espec. waistband, on wliich the sword is suspended strap which is fastened round the
:

Tf^'i(U^n\d.4»-l fD tn : V.
a. <o

denom.

to curl the hair.

^1 f^'l'zs. a single grain or corn.
pinch, to sting.

Matt. xiiL 3 1

belly of horses, mules, &c.,

and by which the
Isa.

saddle

is

fixed

on the animal's hack.
xxxvL

'f'^hmni•p'jrrifT),^: ?

pass, to be stung.
1

xxii. 21.

Rad. ^'Yt: Eth.
2.

Kings

xii. 11.

•ff^:
lis

s.

Isa. vii. 3.

Ar.

'i'jS

" cana-

'p^'i^^^}y:
stings.

s.

& adj.
viii. 24.

stinging,

any thing
"

ivhich

subterraneus per quern aqua ducitur."

—:
Ex.

"Hi-fi:

" stinging-Ry,""

mus-

a

conduit.
adj.

chito."

^rT?:
'P\i'::

&

s.

Eth. «l>r?»,: »"<!

IT*^::

^•^TEEL: K'wii\NErsH''A,

s.

a flea.

jealous, envious; and, envier, jealous person.

•fF^,: K ANAFA,
the legs.

P'PWQy''- surname of the Apostle Simon; it is to answer the Arabic spelling,
.

a triangular piece of cloth inserted in trowsers, between the juncture of
s.

AI.

UlAflXT:
on a

q-'"-

JlilS
'•

" native of
s.

^'{^'t':

s.
s.

collar,

shirt or coat.

Cana in

Galilee."

^li't"

uprightness, rectitude, love of justice,

^I^H:
^'iQ.K-

Ar. iiii

Etk

^10,11"

Heb.

honesty, equity, jiropriety.

2

Kings

vii. 9.

^S|7 porcupine.
i'^-

and «|>rc^: Eth. Vid. fr-f?:: i.q. ^T-'f«^^?i•1': and ^^t^r: Eth.

^TK:

Isa. xiv. 23,

q-v.

«1>"F:

V. a.

Eth. "tlP::

Ar.

Jli "cantavit."

*I»^^'"^: or •I»'}?i'"r: Eth. o-raKT^, stacte, the oil which sweats out of cinnamon or myrrh

(l) to sing,

used of men, of birds, and of other
(2) to
q.v.

creatures.

make poetry,

i.e. to versify.

ointment made of liquid myrrh. Ex. xxx.
*p^\^: non occ.

23.

Hence ^t:
•t'?
:

s.

the right hand, the direction to the right-

T4»-r.K= Cant.
^'}_g-:
8.

ii.

to

skip?
Tig.

hand

side; adj. right, being

on the right-hand

Eth.

I'O"

^CX"
jcepaf.

Heb.

y^ij)

side.

q>(Do«: Vid. ^ou::
«|>epiji^:
s. liter, the slander, appellation of a certain class of man-skives in Shoa, whose business is the cutting, cleaving, and carrying

Ar.

^J
s.

Lat. cornu.

Gr.

horn.

«|>'}P:

a tambourine, hand-drum.
s.

•fJP A:
XXV. 33.

Ar. JjjJJ "candela," lamp.
Eth.

Ex.

of wood: wood-slave.
s.

^'iS^'W
Lev. xiv.

and Tig. •p^lTI" eye-brow.
S- f''"^'

^Htroi:

9.

4»^^: and diminut. •t'lj^P^f"
pi.

virgin.

s. a short, crooked, and strong knife, which the Abyssinians, esp. in Shoa, use to carry about them.

^YQ^ ^
s.
iii. 4.

: :

Gen. xxiv.

1 4.

^H\:
•I'm:

V. n. to

go

to stool.

^"i^Vt"Jer.

virginity, age and state of a virgin.

?vfl'I'Hl: caus. to
i.q- ih«J.:

Al. ih^: and ?v^:: make go to stool, to purge. and "K^: stool, excrements.

•PHft: ...«l;^:
1*Hi5.:
V. B.

(

78

)

afr •I'Krt:
k wada,
V. n.
s.

Ar. ujAi" and i_jj>>- "propulit
io

3jJ^:

slightly

tanned neat's leather.

navem
vi. 48.

remis,"

row.

inf.

inJifHQ.: Mark

3jJ^: k'wad,

s.

a

lunt, match.

«l»^OD:
a.

Heb. D^j^ Ar.

^^

to precede.

<f P: or «|*"P: v.
inf.

to ivait, to expect, wait for.

inf.

Ol>4»^p^: the waiting, ^<{^ P trs. to make wait,
:

expectation.
to detain, to con1

Gen. xxxviii. 28: ^^^K,: «I>g on : " one preceded," " was first'" «|»Jii OO'-'J- : " those that were before," " they of

on^^TD.

P

tinue, to reserve, preserve, keep.
iii.

Kings

old," "forefathers."
viuusly,

6: :1-A«tt'19": 9"f"h<->Ul: ?v1»PtlA'l'" "and thy great mercy hast thou
wait, i.e.) kept to

informer
inf.

time, is

^'J^tp': constr. l.preused as an adverb.
set before, to

•{••Jj^oh: pass, to be put or
cede,

pre-

(made

him." Zeph.

iii. 3.

OD«|»^iyo: the preceding (of a
caus. to

't'4*"P: pass, to be waited for.
?ifl*l*~P: caus.
to

book, &c.), the introduction, preface.

make

wait, keep waiting.

^fl^PJ^oo:
with.
inf. is

make

precede, to begin
1.

^_P: KWATA, a^re of dry grass on a mountain, made by the Abyssinians about the beginning of the rainy season, by setting fire to the
standing dry grass on a certain spot, which

oqf|«l>^gn:: constr.

?ifl*l»

^tfO:

used as an adverb, in the beginrecipr. to rival, to emulate, to vie
to

ning, formerly, previously.

T'PJ^K'"°*
other,

extends
clearing

itself

over a large track

of land,

with one another,

endeavour

to

precede each

away

superfluous and obstructing
fertilize

herbs and shrubs, and contributing to
the country.
«i>_JS:

and i.q. '|'«I>j^au:: Acts xii. 14: T*!* ^j^OTJ^-: "she went before." Rom. xii.
10:

TxCXt"-

nC«1'T-l>7":

f}o^Ytno

Eth. and Tigr.

coloured.

f'^rh" The Abyssinians call

adj. red, fleshall

people
«|>Ji::

'T'l'XK*'^*': "vie with one another in honouring (each other)." v. 13: f|.^T?''T'

who

are not black like the Africans,

Gen. XXV. 25. 4>ptnJ: non. occ. •(••ppoD : to threaten,

•Yfu; At™^nA: P'ri'EK"^^-l»': U\.'. " be such as vie with 'each other (or are
forward) in receiving strangers."

to

menace.

1

Pet.

ii.

23.

4>^«?n: and

^^Tn;:
f\

s.

^jpa^: s. the threatening, threat, menace. TtRdll4»-^^: <Ae ivaiting, expectation. " to make waiting," to keep ivaiting. Judges iii. 19: IT-A"?": 4^.^:1': 7\RCI- "and the king made a waiting,"" i. e. " gave a liint

the former time.
at first, in the

Heb. Dip '

Ar. Jsl
r
'

:

adv. before, previously,
.

:

commencement.

P—

:

^iJP't':

"great-grandfather."

Vid. hcnjJP'l*::
the first, the

^>^ai^:: Tigr. and Eth. «l»Xtnj_p:
beginner ; the

pommel of a
fdj.

saddle.

to the bye-standers to wait outside." q>^: V. a, Eth. 'p^th" Tig. •T^rh,::

^J^°^:
Ar.

s-

&

Eth. principium., primum,

primus, prima."

Amh.

Saturday,

i.e.

either

i^to draw water, or any other fluid, inf. oo^j^-^:: Gen. xxiv. 11: (D'^: fiJ^R,' " in order to draiv water." 1 Chr. xi. 1 8. John
ii.

^^o^:
day;

"PTr: the

day preceding to the Sunit,

or, as

Ludolf has

^J^"^:

rtlfl'T:

" the old (Jewish) Sabbath."

8:
:

i^P

«|»^T^a>': "draw (from) them." Tiifn^lAU' : " I "'^^^ draw and
pass, (of fluids) to be

4»J^o^>»JP-t':

pl-

of the Eth. ^^onjJE:: the

first ones, firstlings.

drink."

^S.fl- v.a. Heb. CJ^p Ar.
consecrate, to

^__^JJ, to sanctify,

•^tpV:

drawn.
OT
allow to

ordain,

make

holy, set out

for

Tttl'P!^' ^^^(fluids).

^^ '"'^^'^' o^der,

draw
t'ef.

holy purposes, to hallow,

inf.

DnB«J>gfl: the

sanctifying &c. the holy place, or sanctuary,
s.

^g;:

KID,

the straw of a grain called

esp.

the

second

partition

in

Abyssinian

Vid. fltq."

churches,

where the

priests use to be,

and

;

•ri»Krt"
where
the

••*"i:
is

(

79

)

1'«I>n|:

.

,

.-fPOlti'

Communion

administered.

•f*!'")

:

pass, to be chastised, corrected, to im-

Vid. af}^/i.if::
't't'S.tl "
e.g.
P*iss. to

prove by chastisement.
be sanctified, hallowed, &c.

Lev. xxvi. 23.

fl9««: ^^^t\'. "hallowed be Thy name!" inf. tnnp^fj: the being sanctified, sanctification,
«|»Ji^rt,: s.

: ?&A: *I>'P: part, uprightness, siraightness. " to stand erect, (upright) ; to be ready, per'


:

feet,

accomplished."

&c.

•fl^:

^OB^-:
make

Gen. xxxvii. 7 "stood upright."
straight, upright,

'PV:
:

?»J^

consecration, ordination; esp. the
Service.
:

Com-

4^7: "to
chastise,
'P'V'-

&c."
viii.

"to
18:

munion
(ifcC:

Lev. xxi. 6: P'5\"lH.?i'n

correct,

punish."

Dan.

"things consecrated," "hallowed to
fem. ^Jl^fl^::

?»,K'C'l9°-

"M*"^^' "and
^H"' ^K's.

set

me

the Lord."

upright."
pi.

^3i,fl:

adj.

^^i^:
:

f.

'^Ti::

«5BE|,:: ^GC},::

unleavened

*£,'T['r::

Ar.^ljjand^_^ji. Heb-UJili?
e.g.

bread-cakes.
«|f

holy, sacred;

oul^fl:

"the Holy
ix. 3.

T

: s.

anus, rectum ?

Spirit."

^^rt:

«{>^i^T: or as Heb.

Jl>«): V. n. to fetch out (a blow).
«|»^»T1:

non
:

occ.
V. act.

P^^'^'i: oo^Kfl: "the Holy
Israelites' tabernacle

of Holies,"
•f«i»»ri^

Eth.

denomination of the most holy place in the

f •Jh-T Or.tobe angry.
excite

and temple, and in the
1

inf. oT)«j»™«T^'l-::

Abyssinian Churches.
*K.ri-:

Pet.
.
.
.

i.

15:

'X^K:

^».fl4^''l:

trs. to

Gen. iv. 5. makeangry, to provoke,

*^i^1:

Ibi-.

TK ^.TAf:

to anger, to irritate, exasperate.

Ps. Ixxviii. 58.

«|>^«):

s.

Eth.

&

Tig. «t»^'yci:: anger, wrath,

^K^fl: llf:: "like holy .... For it is written, the Holy One, be ye : "holy Be ye holy ; for lam holy."^ ^H :

^K,"^:

Ihi-: Txi:

indignation, passion, ire.

^dt":

adj. Eth.

4*^rfr'0" angry, wrathful, in

apassion, of an uagry disposition. Prov.xv. 18.

oi],"i.e. "olive-oil."

^p-i^'Tt':
1

s.

holiness, sanctification.

Eph.

•I'niA: non occ.
iv. 30.

Chr. xvi. 29.
s.
'

Not

T*I»"lfnA:
1:

V. recipr.

to

follow each other.
<j..n:

often used.

2 Sam. xxi. 1: I^fi't':

Kod^-;

^^fjf:
10, 15.

holiness, sacredness, sanctification.
s.

W

*p\^tl\'l'
«|>p

holiness.

Ps. Ixxxix. 35. Isa.

f ^'"ITA?:

"there was famine

tliree

Ixiii.

years successively."

S'fflA:
30.

V. n. to burn, to glow, be hot.

^

:

v. a. to tear, to rend, to lacerate, to break.

hi^i'tDti. trs. to

make

hot or glowing, to heat,
:

Gen. XXX vii.
•Ji

Num.
i.e.

ix.

21

:

tnj A.'^:

iX

to burn, to kindle.

Gen. xxxi. 40
for

P":

"when

the

morning

breaks," " rends the

'^nj'^P
burned

darkness to pieces,"
day. Joel

at the

dawn

of the

TA^:
me."
't'3'fnA
to
:

J^cifl: "till

it (so tliat it)

ii. 13: AH^U-l: ^KK,: AflOl ^lj'19": ?iJE^A9": "rend your heart,

>»fl3F3>TAl:
pass.

>»ri'ln.JP3»

& n.

to

be kindled, heated, &c.

and not your garments."

burn.
v. a.

^jpP:

•PttlA: and «I»RA: Eth.
s.

to

crown.

In

a
25,

hole,

rent, fissure,

chap, breach.

Amharic,

it is

technically used, in building

Mark x.

houses of stone,
'"°?'

^E&«|>^:
s, 8.

'"'^'

'^

^'"'^'''"^ cloth.

Isa. lis. 17,

improperly for " helmet."
one who draws

Ezek. xvi. 16,
Joshua,
ix. 27.

to make a projecting edge to the roof with sheets of slate round the top of the house, which serves as a protection

liquids.

against

tlie

rain.

'PP

:

hep, berry of the dog-rose.
inf.

•fPttlA: and

T'fRA:

(1) pass, (of houses)

«l»rn: V. a. <o chastise, correct,

on ^O] !::

to be furnished with

a cornice of

slates

Heb,

xii. 5.

on the edges of the

roof.

:

'

«l»mA:

•n+mi'm:

(

80

)

«lH.mn: ... ^G.:
V.

(2) [of plants] to bud, shoot forth

with a dark-

green colour.

4*»mn:

Ar.

i_,^

"collegit,

colligavit,"

^mA:

and «I>KA: Eth. "crown." Amh. a projecture or cornice made of slates, sur-

to (/other,

pass, to be gathered
together.

and

to

keep

rounding the edge of those roofs of houses which are built of stone and are called hEddEmo. Vid.

Eccles.

iii. 6.

4"T|""f:

s.

chastisement.
cf.

Heb.

xii. 8.

^j^qo::
s.

Also, those stoes them-

^m\:

V. n.

Eth.

*mi:

and Heb.

pp

"to

selves are called '|>KA::

be small, unimportant." Ar. ^1^' " primordia
iii.7.

^fnA:and^XA:
viii. 11.

/w/ of plants. Gen.
language,

pampinorum
meagre.

protulit vitis."
:

to be thin, lean,

In

common
v. a.

^fHA:
fence

is

Ps. cv. 18

often inaccurately used for plunlx ia general.

^:

4^lDi-: "in foot-irons

'PfRd.: and <I>X«^:: to surround witli a
vi.

to hechje in,

in,

?^fl*I*fni: trs. to
tenuate.

n"lC: 'fi^^: >»"1C grew his feet thinS' make thin, attenuate, eiwith the
line.

hed<je, fence,

or wall.

Jer.

^"VC.- ^m<.: "fence a fence," i.e. "surround (Jerusalem) with a circumval6:
lation."

?i3»fnl:
'I'iTir:
s.

to angle, to fish

(1)

leanness,

meagreness,

thinness.

(2) a burning, blasting wind, as the

Simmoom,
vi. 28.

'T'l'fn*^: pass, to be surrounded with a fence.

Harmattan, Sirocco, &c.
xviii. 12.

2 Chr.

Job

Deut.

ix. 1.
^-

^TC'

^^^ ^JtC"

fence, hedge, wall.

Lev.
count.

•tm,^:

s.

the venereal disease.

Eth. and Tig.
rest of

XXV. 31.

<5.'5*T1«T|::
to

In Shoa, <5.TtJ"1: signifies

«^fn«^: V. a. to number, enumerate, Ps. xlviii. 13. inf. oo4»^friC"

" the small-pox,"

which in the
::
,

Abys-

sinia
inf.

is called

'l-^^
1

'V^-'flXl^' pass, to be numbered, counted,

fl'tP-A: a

little bell.

Chr. xv. 28.

4»tCl7°:

s.

anil.

•rSni*^counts,

intens. to reckon, count, settle acinf.

«I>cp.'}: adj. Eth.

and Tig. q>m.T::

Heb.

au^fnC"

Matt,

xviii.

23

pp^

"subtilis," thin, slender, lean.

nCl^l: S^^mi.^Si-- H'JJ^:
mieht
settle

"that he

•PH:
4»*i:

V. a.

i.q.

'ftri::

Jer. xlvi. 28: ^^'fJi^I

accounts with his slaves."

Ali":
s.

"I will

chastise thee.'^
'pfS^i or

•j-4H.rrj fll t^: id. to calculate, to reckon.

a large granary, larger than

*fll4^: V. a. Eth. «1>^9«^:: to knit, knot, to tie knots or loops; to fdl up, to stuff, to cram. : "to disfigure one's face," "to gjfi'^:


s.

iT^.: q-v. •PR A: v.a. Vid. «l>mA:: «^»KA:s. Vid. 4>mA::
<rR«^:and'r«i'X<^::

frown." Matt.

vi. IC.

Ps. xvii. 10.

Yid.^fUd^-.t'Pm^,::
Vid.

-l-^m^: pass. ^^"^C- s- numf}er.
4*^1? <J.'^:

Ex.

xii. 34.

Vid.

«pnm<^::

^T^:: 4>R-C: andT^X^:: 5tR<:
Vid.

^mr^::

enumeration, account, number, sum.

^'R'H'^: Eth.
kling, hint.

s.

the motion of the eyelids, tu-in-

Gen.

xlii.
s-

27.

^'Vif'iii.

Ar. j\Jk:S liquid pitch, resin.
incense.
bSiji'

Ex.

of an

eye,"

1

^R-flT: t^Jil: "the twinkling Cor. xv. 51. Rad. *I>Kn : Eth.
4"T)''l'::

3.

cf.

Heb. n^j7
V. a.

"innuit."

^fD<f>fn:
pluit

Ar.
to

"

tenuissima pluvia
to

4»H'^:s.

i.q.

Gen.

xlix.

22:

p^

ccelum,"
iii.

dash, to bruise,

crush.

H^- AS"'

" son of cAaviisemen/," translation
"
;

Gen.

15.

'T^'fn'l'fn: pass.

TTPfD'I'flri: Dan. v. 19.

to

tremble.

Gen.

xxxii. 7.

which would have been rendered better Q^CyV^'- A^: or ^^1: Pa^,yi&,6.: £i^:: Jerem. vii. 28. tf £^: s. a large sort of baskets, from five to

of the iT)b25 " a fruitful son

; :

'P^A:
upwards of nine
top and at
tlie

..

.

fl:

(

81

)

n:

feet in length,

bottom, and a

the middle.

It is
:

narrow at the wider in twisted of rods, and thus
little

used for bee-hives

the larger ones, however,

are bedaubed and cemented with a mixture of cow-dung and clay, and serve as granaries,
differing

man'bar(o«t n CO interchanges with mam'bau ((DTflCO ^"^ ^'^"' BAR ((l)9"nC") It is also, occasionally, changed for OD: e.g. H^ou; ("to rain"), and HJ-yu: ("the rain"), for Hin: and 'Hr-fl:
(ouijtifj^:), wan'bar

&c.
labial

from the

^f^:

proper (for some•)T<5.:) only

On the liquid "5: it has, like its fellow^: a retrospective influence, by which
when preceding
fjv-. e.g.

times the ^G,: also
*iT<5.: being
clay.

is called

the "}:

(l: is often

changed

in the material of which they are

made

;

the

into the labial

"HT"-!!
:

:

for lili-n:

made
4S
:

of a tenacious potters
it is

"a fly," T* go'fi : for T'J'fl " carcase," CD9«

Matt.

xiii.

used improperly
:

nC=

'°"

081 nC"particle, fl

-^-':

others.
like

forTni<5.C:

fj-v.

and

Jer. v. 27

for "cage."

As a
sitions,

is,

A:

prefixed to

'PQ,£i.- Ar. Jiji

lock, bar, bolt.
^lilS

Isa. xx-\-ii. 1.

nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, and prepo-

T^A'"r:

or rather particles of relation, in

tlie

3.

Ar.

caravan.

Tig.

and Shoa

^^d.:
inf.

?iCir:: Dankaiialso "arho." V. a. Heb. "iCn Ar.jl-;!

to dig, to iiM.

same manner as described sub lit. A : page 5. With regard to those particles of relation, which in the Amharic language are not only
prepositions, but also post-positions, the

vm^QX,::

Gen.
io be

xxi. 30.

n

'V^&.d,- pass,

dug,

tilled,

inf.

OD«^

is

prefixed to

them

in both these characters.

As
7\tl^&,d. caus. to cause digging, tilling. Gen.
xxvi. 18.

to the USE of this particle, it is a prepo-

nouns, pronouns, and particles and a conjunction when prefixed to verbs.
sition before

4»"4.^

^- °' '^'0U'^^>

one who digs or

tills.

(1)

As a preposition,

its

principal significaby, through, with,

n::

tions are, in, on (upon),

at,

n

:

BET, or

with Amharic letters
is

n/f

-

" house,"

against, upon, for (exchange), over.

is

the tenth letter of the Amharic alphabet.

Instances: (a)

in.

flfL^: "in the house."
in

Its

name

probably taken from the cognate
Its

n>ii"iH.?i'flfh.C:

Semitic dialects.
Tigre, and

pronunciation

is

in

God."

K«7«rAlh: "I believe n!riCi^'t"i^: tVI°-- "in the name

of

some other

parts of Abyssinia, the

same

as that of the

modem
v,
:

Greek

/8,

the

Clu-ist." nCDTLA: JPfll-'T^d.A': "they teach (m) the Gospel." fJ'l»'l'C:: flA.^::

Hebrew

1, and English
little

sure and a

aspiration
it

Abyssinians pronounce

with a soft presthe rest of the like our 6. This

n'PT-t': "in
" in

(at)

noon;" "in (during) the

night," "in the morning."

i\an^au£^i
flj^

the beginning."

double character of the fl:. which is mainand 2), must tained also in the Hebrew have been more general formerly than it is

(&) on.

Q

n'P'RC'

"on the ground."

now

;

for it is

owing
it

to this only, that in se-

veral instances

has been exchanged for the
: e.g. fV^: Eth. nawara, "to re-

"Yl^: "on a sudden." TiCfh: n«oinj?: KD': "he is ore the road." fl'h-An'ts: T?" n^VlTn: "he knelt down on his knees." n&rP: (DS.^z " he fell on his face." [ifl^:
"on Monday."

Q): and even for the mere vowel o
NORA,

no"f|«|>^: f|<]>Aa^: "he

Amk for m^:
(inf.)

hung
«u>':

it

on a peg."

main," "be seated," "situated," "constituted;" from which root we have in Amharic 001"^:

(c)at.

q^1AA: "af Angollala."
is

nftf:

"he

ai

home."

Uo^WLdXi'
:

"the dwelling," "remaining;" in Eth. and Tigr. oo^nQ: manvar, (inf.) "the remaining," "sitting," "seat," which latter
MANOR,
signification is retained in Amliaric,

the end," " at last"

mjf
x.

" "^ " at once." T.H.:

HKS*:
(cf)

"of the door."

by.

Heb.

38:

J4^^: n*f^"ij
shall live

where

r^*: JEJ^r^: "the just

by

faith."

M

:

n:
n'hlH.'Mld^.C,:
tance of God."
rations

(

82

)

n:
C:f\: "near."
"

dXrt"'

"h

tbe

assis-

n<.*:

"far

off."

nH.tl:

All the Abyssinians' adjuSaints, &c.,

by or in

this," "herein,"

"hereby," "hereon,"

by God, the
::

are done

"here."

with
"

n—

nHJP: "by

or in that," "therein,"

mJl^Cr: tW^^C,: ^(h-RA:
hij

" thereon," " thereby," " there."

mj^:
tlie

" in

he travels

sea and by land."
Johnxiv^.e: fll.: "ihroughme/'

one,""togetlier."

(e) throutjh.

Several of these adverbs formed with
fixed

pre-

Phil. iv. 14:
"

ria^^n^A"?: nVlCnt-fl:
mth my n.ii: y\Rd.''lU-1': done it." fi'PfS.'F^i''. IKDd,
"

n

:

will

become

prepositions,

when com-

through Christ wliich strengtheneth me."
(/) with,

bined with nominal

suffixes; e.g.
(it)."

flAR.: "over

me."

n:h^: "under him

HmTntl:
noun and fVP*
its

hand have I •fr-Y-: iifiltAiJ: "I wrote to thee itith ink and with (on) paper." n^3*J^- "with liis
will,"
i.e. "

" at tliy side."

niAT•^:
is

" after us," &c.

But when a relation
the

expressed to a noun,

n

:

is

either prefixed to the

of his

own accoi'd."

n^Vl::

HT:

"with

measure,"

"with

fl''^ weight or

the relative

particle follows, as, e.g.

K^' A^:
"

"on
"
;

earth,"

"upon

earth," or

balance."

on the ground

or the

n

:

remains in

RA't": •^"'"in^". enemy came against (upon) me." P^C- ?iK

(g) against, upon.

"my

connexion with that relative

particle,

and the

noun or pronoun receives the preposition
Yl: prefixed to it; e.g. 'Ti^^^X': n:^^'': "under the table." YlC'lT'CI^: l\6JV:
" before them."

^in^vi.

"he made war

against liim."

Matt.
"for-

12:

JE*C: RAl: of: ^ACD^"?:
is

give (or remit) us that which
(our debts),

against

us"
like-

"^V:

K^»oT: ^*C=

"'^'^R
is

T^IA:

t\V: yt\n^(D-^-:

"as we

* Wlien the noun, to which l\: is prefixed, accompanied by an explanatory verb,

wise forgive (remit) those who are in debts to us," (lit. "who have any thing against

them in our favour.") ^d.^n'-T (D^: "judge against (i.e. condemn) them," the contrary to
38: «^JET: ^^,2.1: "^y^/*"" '^y^' ^"*^ tooth /or tooth." nft^flT: -nC: IHlhT: " I pur(h) for.

which has the relative P: already prefixed to it, n: is either prefixed to that verb alone or to the noun also. In both cases
it

supplants the Pi:

e.g.

rJT'PKr^'T': 7x10,:
n/Tf:
is

n.OT.yT'': ntUJ^.^-:
Matt.
v.

^^on
fenced
of
built

n\£i^:

TCfi9^- m*C'^"
chased
it for

(walled),

"he dwells in a city which and in a house which is

stone."

?i9"rA!>: IhA-T:

n"^^A:

six dollars."

(0 ii*fn'V: "he reigns over them." obtained the victory over him." When prefixed to some nouns, pronouns,
: :

over.

Tl'M'

Ji'l

H H ^TA

" a king

n>»"IH.?»'nrh.C= "I believe in the Almighty God," lit. "in (Him) that can do all
(things), in

^A:

God."

When

the substantive has
it,

several genitives joined to
prefixed to one or to

fl

:

is

generally

some of them,
;

adverbs, or particles of relation,

it

forms

as to the reigning substantive
f\J\"-

e.g.

m

as well
"t;

adverbs; e.g.

O^flJ-: "with joy," "joyfully."
:

flK^:
:

«l»oa:

"he stood in the door

n&rf"
"in the

"previously." ll'l^R^'- "before,"
" at first," " in the beginning,"

of

my father s house."
(2) -ll
is

non'^OfoQ^
first

a conjunction, when prefixed to the
In that case,
it

place or instance."

qoo^:

finite verb.

precedes the pre-

qoo^:
in,"

"annually."

"upon." n:r^-: "below."
" inside."

HA.^: na).M^T:" with:

"above," "on,"
the side."

formatives_p: ^': and V*: Ci*: J': /\:) under the same regulations as the A: q.v. Like
* The following rule concerning the construction of the preposition fl:
other prepositions
is

H dMil

" by," " at

naqg:

"without,"

"outside,"

"abroad."

n:* A: " behind," " ^r{; "at the end," "at

after," " past."

t\o^WL

likewise applicable to the

last," "finally."

n*

A:

Ifl:

and '^^,^.:

::

:;

fllf:

HA;
^:
it

(

83

)

n-A:

-flAtl:
also personality,

the other preformative conjunctions

f|

fn Eth.
self,

&

Tig.

it signifies

>»ljf

:

i\: >»flVl:

auxiliary ?»

A

:

does not allow the to remain, but joins only the

as the

Amh. H AH'V :: Gen. iii. C
to

The
a

noun or pronoun
genitive relation,

which

HA:

stafads in

simple verb.
is

Its signification as

conjunction

is in

the nominative case

a condition, and sometimes a

desire,

gene-

whilst

QA:

is

put in a status constructus, as

rally expressible

by

" z/"

e.

(7.

n.in:

"if

it

in the Ethiopic and the.
e.g.

Hebrew languages.
"I myself."

be or can be." n.A: "?/hesay." 'H^^A: ?\^C1TAU-: "i/I can, I will do it." -fl
.t'ODfTi: "Xljifcj^AT: " (/"thou comest, we will go." y^Cff: n.i'lO'^Vt'Tx'iti'^:
" if he speaks {or should speak), let us iiear."

niA:

fL"!':

"master of the house," or

"self,"

as>ii.:
(self)

lAa-t:
&c-

Kl
in

1":

HAfl^lI:

[Tliis signification of
it is

HAfL't':
least

however, current as

the greater part of Abyssinia, is not, or at

When
'11
:

in

two sentences, which belono; to one
it,

very seldom, attached to
^''^JE^^l."'!':
i.e.

it

in Shoa.]

period, the verb in each sentence has the

lA:
cine,"
•t":

"proprietor of the medi-

prefixed to

they must be translated by
;

physician, or druggist.
i.e.

HA:

U^tl

mood e.g. John xiv.7: >kn:'n:ra>'r.^: KTt'}'?": K "iqo: nCDS'-T'U': "(/"you knew me, you would have known (would know) my father also." In cases like this, when this conjuncthe subjimctive conditional
tion is prefixed to a preterite,
it is

"possessor of a wife,"

"

married man."

lA: HA: "possessorofahusband," i.e. "married

woman," Gen.

xx. 3.
rich,"

HA:
is

fD^: "pos-

sessor of grace,"

i.e. "

from which
derived.

n A fll
r\£\:

lY'^: "riches," "wealth,"
Kti^'- "possessor oi joy,"

not

'fl

i.e.

"cheerful," "joy-

but fi:

e.g-

Gen.xvii. 18:

)sfttnj?».A1:
it

ful," " rejoicing," Ps. cxxvi. 3.

:

Ji'KV

nd,-V«: •ntflO-A'?: nn3>1: "i/thou
wouldst leave

Q:

"possessor of understanding," "understand-

me

Ishmael before thee,

ing," "reasonable," "wise," Prov. xi. 29.

would

suffice

me."
s.

fllf:: niT:: PU*:: or -fiV: &c. ^:: dough. Rad.

Tig. -llrfv

^<5.: "adversaiy," Isa. lix. 18. •?D; "possessor of a curse," one

:

oo^*)

n^"

a curse
xl. 15.

;

but esp.

"
:

^ti,oti--1-: Heb.

nicrri Behemoth, Job

Ezek.xxii.lO.

who is under a menstruating woman,"
lit.

«J"T A: and more usually
" possessor of

nifC^
roes.

s.

Lud. P"TlC;:: a kind of antelopes or Deut. xii. 22.

compounded

HA^^TA:

nori-'E:

HA:
Ar.

s. V. nrh:r*Ii:: v.a. Eth. Heb. 1^73

HAO"
eat.

"voravit."

spending the day," a man with whom one usually spends the day-time, "a favourite," esp. of a prince. nA9"*PAl^: state and
condition of a
ship," Gen. vi.

fp

id.

in

inf. aij'|iy\'t':: e.rj.

ffo
">»

"TlR.'^'

Xn AAlh:
trs. to

" I eat "

my

dinner."

q A9"TA: " favour," " friend8. HA: 0^: and contr. q
i.e.

i.'fi :

n A"?": TT:
make

he

ate his

supper and
feed.
inf.

A^:

"possessor of debts,"

"creditor," as
lit.

slept" (went to bed).

well as "debtor."
eat, to

qAI,^^:

"possessor

2\nA:

another

o^'flA'^::

of bread," "associate," "fellow," "partner," " companion," " friend," " neighbour."

q AT

"TflA : pass, to be eaten. ?\finA: caus. i.q. ^uRA"

jJ-O'T: "fellowship," "friendship."
Isa. xlix.

qA

26

=

H.W: "the
(•2-)

proprietor, oumer, of this."

M^P^aplt-.
(own)

?ifinA^TAU-:
make them
to
-flE.:

" their

HA:
s.
i.

for

n^£i.: festival.

Vid.

nojA::

flesh I -mil

eat.""

n-A:

BULA,
8.

a yellow, straw-coloured horse.

•n/V: -HA: -flAW: -flAri:
•flA'-^f Ih:

-nAah:

Zech.

•nev'i--

-flATA:
of

&c. forms of
<o say, q.v.

'OA:

s.

Eth.

&

Tig.

the constructive

mood

-nAO"

the eating, i.e.

?\A:

consumption, or corruption, of metals
of clothes

by

rust,

n A:

Ar. JlJ Heb. hv^. owner, proprietor, possessor, esp. husband. (1)
s.

Eth.

& Tig. HO A"

by the moth, &c.
adj. skilful, ingenious,

•flAU: and 'OArh-

of

M

2

-

:

'n^W^:

.

.

.

flATTiacf.

(

84

)

'nAfTlt'lT:...nAK«in:
s.

quick understanding, shreuni, crnfty.

Eth.

'flATTL"!'!!'"!":
surer.

the state

and

office

of a treat^ie

IIAI: "acutus fuit." flA*Z^: s. skill, ingeniousness,
craft,

quicknens of un-

'OAT:: P^i^l:
Deut. xxxii.
Zech.
ii.

:

"apple of

eye."
vii.
2.

derstanding, shrewdness, tvilchcraft, art, handi-

10.

Ps. xvii. 8.

Prov.

a work of art.
adj. i.q.

Etli. •flA'i-lt': "acies."

8.

This appellation, however, for the

•flAU-r^:
craftsman,
xli. 33.

't}£%V: Scs. a skilful man,
artist,

artisan,

magician.

Gen.

is very little known in Abyssinia, Ludolf s " specillum " (vid. Lud. Lex. Ethiop.)

eye-apple

is doubtful.

lA:

<h"|:

who

of the laic, i.e. esp. a person lives in a regular marriaj^e, a rarity in

man

TAlg-*;.: and nAlj^O'l":
2Cor.
vi. 15.

Gen.

ii.

18.

Vid.

subnAscribe.

Abyssinia.

MA: hi
Ar.^jl'

ntt-O and IXA-C:
/Bt/Mof, beryl (a

andj^

Gr. /3f

lawyer of the Jews.

man (i.e. teacher) of the law, Luke vii. 30.
Al.
<I»j5,:

gem),

cnjstal.

Ex. xxviii. 20.
forOrittJ;

n,AT:

in the Shoa dialect

improperly written
Ezek.i. 22:

language, knife.

and the Somal which in Shoa

n/vC=
^°^
^'V.-

and

signifies

a,

falchion.

nA-C=

HA:
7.

(D"I: and

HACD"!:

s.

a

man

of usage

and

nt\f\:s. fig-tree, fig. fem. flArt.'f " Gen.iii.

custom, a person addicted to

tlie

observance
fashion and

nA«nf:

Eth. Ax.

J^_

s.

haham-tree.

Ezek.

of fashion; fashionable.

xxvii. 17.

1AflD"i1[^:
usage.
utensils, books,

9.

strict

adherence

to

n A?i
esp.

:

y.To.tobe luorn out, to be spoiled, damaged,

used of clothes,
aet. to
ix.

&c.

QAHLtJ:

(comp. of

HA:

and PH.tJ: the gen.

?»nAri:
1

wear

out, spoil, injure,

damage.

Cor.

15:

^l^tliJ^'i: o^'ilO:
that nobody
li.

case of JEtl:) the owner, proprietor, of this. and ^'^^ o^"nAH..P= (comp. of

HA:

PUS-

Ti'iS.yii^^Oy'- "i" order
should spoil

case of_V:) owner, master, ov proprietor of that.

my boasting."
i.q.

Jer.

25.

HA.^:
Oj^:)
iv. 1,

s.

owner of

debts,

(comp. of

lA^
2

Tnih: pass.
'flAS*'^forceps.

flAfl::

Jer. xlvi. 15.

i.e.

creditor as well as debtor.

and Kings

^* ^ smelling Lud.

bottle. Bl.

a kind of

Isa. xxiv. 2.
s. steel

Ps. cix. 11.
fire,
:

n-AJ^:

for striking
:

cock or lock of

•flAl": 9. member of the body in general. 1 Cor. xii. Ex. xxix. 17. esp. pud£nda. Lev. xviii. 6. nAlJ": s- BALATA, a certain rank in the sers'ice
of Abyssinian Princes, answering, perhaps,
to onr Colonel.

a gun.
xxviii. 9.

p—

^Tl.^

flint-stone.

Job
the

*^£i^6-tl: and T}^«J.fj:
king's master of the horse.
churivleer.

baldaras,
1

s.

Kings

ix. 22.

2 Chr. xviii. 33.

PA J"

:

s. staff,
s.

esp.

a shepherd's staff. Ps.xxiii. 4.
lives

n AK*i1
ness

^'

BALDARABA, a scFvaut whos? busi-

lA't'T:

widow; and a woman who
s.

it is

to introduce another,

and to act as

separated from her husband. Deut. xvi.

14.

agent between
spectable
visit

him and

his master.

A

re-

lA't'Tl'^:

widowhood.

Isa. xlvii. 9.

person in Abyssinia receiving a
close

rP-'P: if*'"'' •XlA"tr: s. boy, youth, fem. young female. 'OA'tnil": 9. youth, young age. It properly should follow after ^ih^O'T: ^luch is

from a new comer, appoints, at the
visit,

of the

one of his servants as Baldaraba

preceded by rhQ'Jl^:
nianscall a

But none of

these

to that new acquaintance, to attend on him, and to be the medium of communication between both thus evincing that lie v/ishcs the
;

terms are well defined, so that the Abyssisucking child as well as a man of

acquaintance and friendship to be continued.

thirty years

•flA'tf
s.

The relation of Baldaraba is therefore used by the Abyssinians to illustrate the agency
of the Virgin and the Saints between Christ

•flATTW"-'

treasurer.

nA*i.:..nAm3:
and
sinful

(

85

)

HAfrnVr:

HrhH-m-l':
rich, wealthy, opulent.

men

;

but the Missionaries always

founded with) wealth ;
s.

successfully refuted them, on the ground of a

Baldaraba being always appointed by his superior; which was indeed apj^licable to the
character of Christ, as il/ec/w^or between God and man, but by no means to the Saints.

•fl

HArmit': A'^: s- advantage, privilege, j)rerogative, preu-ealih, riches.

ference,

superiority.

Eccles.

iii.

19.

Rad.

nAiO"
•flA'-l^:

particle
'flAfS'''-

of glimmering,

glittering.

HAT.:

s.

peasant, as to condition of

life,

and

•nti^glitter,

2\A:
to
:

io

sparkle, glisten,

in manners.

Lud.

to scintillate ;

beam, radiate.
" to

Ex.

nf\lC,: s. (comp. of OA: and hlC.0 countryman, townsman, citizen, inhabitant, native.

xix. 16.

— —
:

:

?^.^<^7
6.

fulgurateT

Ps. cxliv.

make scintillale, cf. the German

lA: Jj6>: s. adversary. Luke xviii. 3. n A fn V. n. to he greater in any respect.
:

"blitz," "blitzeu."

object with

whom

the comparison

is

The drawn

OACaACO.:

v.n.

i.5.'flAE^:'nAC0':?kA::
trs.

Ezek. xxi. 28.

has generally the preposition Yl : prefixed; but sometimes it is put into tlie accusative
case
;

2\nAC0>AGR.:

Iq.

-nAcp-: -flAEp.:

and
xix. 9

if
:

a pronoun,

it is

often affixed.

•flACEl'ACE''^: the glimmering, sparkling ; fulgour, lustre, splendour.

Gen.

5l^:

.

.

.

AT

YlC"^^®':
(to)

P^^O
i.

Dan.

ii.

31.

:

" e\dl, greater

than

them,"

e.

•flAEp.-t*: (l)idem.
Ps. cxiv. 8.
stone."
Isa.
l.

(2) flint-stone.

Mark v.

5.

"worse than to them." '7\CSt"- '^'W J£nA"lA: "he is greater than thou" (art),
n^nS.Ji'l'fi : flA^'I't": "thou excelledst her in (by, for)
:

7:

P—
lake.

:

J^11,JP: "flintEzek.
7.

Ex.

iv. 25.

" eicels thee."

Ezek. xvi. 51

'nAEP':^:

s. i.fj.

-nAEp-Af^;?-::
sea,

i.

tliy sin."

nihC"

s-

Ar.^sr

As one
it

of the
ac-

2\nAfn

:

trs.

to

magnify,

enlarge,
:

make

directions of the wind, &c.,

signifies,

greater, to increase.

Gen. xxiv. 35 he has enlarged

?in

cording to the Shoa

literati,
s.

north-west.

Ania>7": "and
xxxvii. 4.

liim."

n^i:

and HdiC,^-

(1) substance, essence,

nature, innate property, quality.

The Holy

•flA'P:
thing mare.

8.

enlargement, increase, excellence, pre-

Trinity consists of
Persons,"

pfj-"!':

K^A't': "Three

ponderance, prevalence, that about which any
is

vTroaTaa-etg,

which are

^^^:

greater than

another;

adj. greater,

PH.«: ntC.: -flAT: TnK.jP: fll
stick is larger
is

nftiCJ^- "®f o^s substance." which any thing consists e.g.
;

Material of

PK.U: K\l
con-

"H^: iCD*: "that by which this
than that one,

A.A: nh\C^: (DC*:
of this crovNTi is gold,"
sists of gold."

\(Q-: "the material
i.e.
i.

a span."

"tliis erov.'n

2 Peter
"

4:

flA-"!: Ar.

^sjlj fem.

nA-T:
xliv. 14.

Ar. ijju m. oak,

*l(hCX'3&''
(2)
fies

and acom. Isa.vi.13.

Ezek. xxvii.

6.

or " Divinity," or "

with the nature of the Deity His Deity " or " Divinity."
it

Vjejo/^l^^-ts: "

•flAT: Ar.

4^ paving-stone. properly for pH WA ^^:
:

Gen. Heb.

xi.

3: im-

According to the Ethiopic,

also signi-

-|jpn " pot-

gem;
q.v.

al.

PYlfl^:

Rliy-.

"precious
al.

ter's earth."

stone:" but

more

especially

(3) pearl;

A* A:
xl. 17.

•flAT: Ar.

Ll» pavement. Ezek.

lAfar:

adj.

&

HihS-^: m.

—%^:
it is

f.

Eth. a single, unmar-

s.

comp. of

q^;

and Okf:

ried person, esp. hermit,

apossessor of health, healthy, sound. Mattix. 12.

Num.
rite."

vi. 2.

QACIi;!: and HAR^J: adj. & s.comp. of QA: and X^: possessor o/(' grace,' which, in the
Abyssinians'
association

pi. «lii»:^fl^i'^:: translated for T^W "Naza-

Rad.
s.

q^fO)::
single,unmarried life, celibacy, esp.

Hrh^'^l't":
state

of ideas,

is

con-

of an hermit.

Num. \i.

5.

Al.'Xl^l'?!': ^.r.

nC: •flC:

(

86

)

-nc:

• ncnd:

nC'

Ar.JjBXR,

s.

dry land, opposed to sea and
xxiii.
15.

islands.

Matt,
is

Ezek. xxvii. 30.

•flC: adj. contracted from -tJCS}" 0) bright, clear, light, luminous. (2) of ears of grain,
reed, &<;.
•flj^:
s.
:

The word

uot naturalized in the Amharic.

hollow.

nC'

S. [/ate,

house-door.

often

used for •11(^0:
Vid. 'flQO::

pen, pencil,

m."

<5.fl:

:

and i.fl:
Chr. xix.
to be


4.

uriting-reed.
:

bald, bald-headed,

bald-paied.

1

Lev. xiiL 41.
brhjlit, lucid,
t^te

't\&>'

s.

brightness of the sky, clear (pure) atmo-

f\&.: V. n.

nCU"

or become
inf.

sphere, fair weather.

Matt
horse.
s.

xvi. 2.

light, shining,

io

shine,

o^'tH/f-

being bright, the shining, and concrete: light
(i.e.

Vi.: ndM'- and
8.

an ash-coloured

my\:
desert,

i.q.fro^d^:

n^;:: «

'lumen''), candle, lamp, lantern,

other luminary.
15.

Vid. oU'fi^^.-'j-::
of.

and any Gen. i.
iv.

icilderness,

uncultivated,

uninhabited

country.
"fl <(J.tJ
:

Matt.

V. 16.

Ar. i^ "convaluit.

adj. clear, bright, lucid, luminous, shining^

argumenta valida
ac vicit."

resplendent, perspicuous, trop. serene, joyful.

et res mirabiles protulit,

Cant.

ii.

14.

Matt. xvii.
/io//oz/j.

5.

flC^il:

id.
s.

and

i\n<^:

act.

to give light,

Vid. 'flC-

to light, to shine,

illuminate.

A:

Gen. i. 1 5. Is constructed with or with the accusative. Matt. v. 15.
V.

'nCHT:
"p :

/jy^^ "lux."
i.

Gen.

14.

cf.

Gen. i.3. pi. •flC'i/r Ar. 'fl^^n : " argument,"
brightness, perspicuity,

" proof."

John

35.

Ejjh. v. 14.

Ex. xxvii. 20.

Num.
n«i.:

"flt^Vi^i
splendour,

s.

clearness,

viii. 2.

Eth. and Tig. -nO^J-.E:: bull, bullock. "a gelded bull,"" i.e. "an ox." : fl'i^: 'tic.' s. Eth. 'tle^C,:: (1) silver. (2) silver money.

-n^A." a4A.::and'nCA.::
(1)
i.q.

s.Gr. (S^pvT^os,

(3)

a

xxxix. 13.
i.q.

flA'CRev.

'•^'

Ix'i'yl;

crystal.

Exod.
bottle,

iv. 6.

dollar.

(2) a small glass

Note. It is of importance to observe the kind of dollars current in Abyssinian commerce, as this is the only species of currency they have. The only dollars which Abyssi-

qOfli: q.v.
:

nC^Vy
h>.^ji

Jer. viii. 7.

from the Arabic Version

for the Heb. "l^^V crane.

n

d,d,: V. n. Tig.

n4«^:

id. to fly.

cf.

Eth.

n^
fly.

nians
sented.
are,

will

receive are such Austrian Maria
chief objects of attention in

^z

" gladio transfixit."
caus. to

Theresia dollars as have the form here repre-

?ifin4«^-

make

fly, to

cause

to

The

them

Cant.vi. 5: 2\finC«!ia>'?'Ar: "for they

have made
s.

the points in the Aggrrifa or shoulder-

me fly."

jewel,

and in the coronet

:

if

they are not very

distinct,

the Abyssinians reject the dollar as
Also, the S. F. below

any other winged ti&.i: animal J and trop. a speedy messenger, courier,
the flyer, bird, or
courser. "fli^C,:
s.

not genuine.

must not
flCrt:
s.

Job

xxviii. 7.

silver in masi,

not wrought.

be wanting.

honey-water.

n^l':

v.n. Ar.

Jj

Heb. pn^

to flash, glitter,

fulgurate,

inf.

OD'f|<»^:

the flashing, fulgu-

rating, lightning, fidgour.

Hdjld,:
mine,

V. a. (I) for

Luke xvii. 24. on^aiJ^: to search,
37.
1

exa23.

to spy.

Gen. xxxi.

Sam. xxiii.
xii.

(2) Eth.

and Tig.
has

to plunder, pillage, for
::

which

the

Amh.

HHH H
s.

Matt.

29.

i]C.n&- and nCn<5.:

pepper.

=

m.n6: ..-ni.fnCn^:
bian.
n. pr. Gentile.

(

87

)

ncrfi-.-ncVicrq:
skins,

Ar. 1^5^ a Berber,

Nu-

by their

scribes themselves,
s.

nCffj: and I>Q.f1:
cloak,

nC'tli.: n.pr. Bijrbkra, a place of commerce on the sea-coast of the Somal country, opposite to Aden. It has a good harbour, but no good water; and is during four months, i.e. from June to September, scorched so much by north-easterly winds, that the native Somals are induced to occupy it only as a
market-place from November to the end of March, living on the mountains during the
rest of the year.

a worn in Abyssinia, by priests when officiating, by several monks, and occasionally by high perAr.
(_/~j;y

buknus,
;

generally furnished witli a hood

sonages, especially ladies of rank.

Tliey are

of various descriptions.

Those worn by the

officiating clergy, are, if possible,

woollen cloth

;

made of red but that article being very rare

in Abyssinia, most of them content themselves

with a very inferior quality of variegated cotton cloth, often with an aggregate of rags of
different colours.

'fiC.'fU.

a certain leguminous tree in Abyssinia, the seeds of which are ground, and employed in fishing a certain quantity being
:

s.

Rich people often lay out

a great deal of gold and silver for a

sump-

tuous burnoos, which
len cloth or of

is

made

either of wool-

:

thrown into the water, produces an intoxicating effect upon tlie fish, so as to bring them floating on the surface of the water,

when they
Pi^P/,:
'n&.'i\i''t"-

are caught without

difficulty.

silk, and richly embroidered and otherwise ornamented with gold and silver, sometimes at an expense of more than a hundred dollars. Vid. Ex. xxxv. 27.

V. to scratch.
s.

f\&.\'V-- «5.rt:
xiii.

:

baldness, bald pate.

Lev.
12.

42.
s. slavirtj.
It''il-

chafer, hectlt:

flJ^'X- '^^- Tigr.
firm,
inf.

nC'l'^"
be

'"

^^ hard, strong,
cruel,

nO'T:
VO.-y'

Gen. xv.

14.

Exod.

i.

" borneta," hat.
;

robust;

to

roucjh,

obdurate.

(ronC:^'"^•:
trs. to

•n^JTIr': s. new and unfermented wine pressed from fruits.

juice

YMdJi"'Vfl^'X"XX. 22.

make strong, strengthen, harden,
inf.
to

n^i

:

s.

door-keeper.

to obdurate,
refl.

aq n C:^ '"T

=

rit^'ifl:

Amli. non. occ.

Eth. "genua flexit."

strengthen oneself.

Judges

Heb. and Ar. idem.

ilC1'=
H^-Y:

adj.

&

s.

Tigr. "flf^-t^O:: strong, valiant,

t'indXi'- and-TTOfli^'in: refl. bow one''s knees. Luke xxii. 4 1.
•r'JIl£!:YlYl:id.
Jiifjni^Vllr!:
kneel.
f\

to kneel, to

hard, rough, cruel.
8.

Gen.

vi. 4.

Matt. xiL 29.

Ex.
to

xii.

27.
kneel,

place where

domestic auiuials, as
stable.

trs.

make

cause to

cattle,

horses, &c.

are kept,

Num.
i.

Gen. xxiv.
•^^

11.

xxxii. 16.

d^n :
22.

V.

a, Ar. cJ,lj

Heb.

"THin

to bless.

Gen.

q^J-:
"fXdJX"-flC't":

s.
s-

chamber-pot.
iron.

Lud.

ii. 3.

tn^Vl:
Ezek.
i. 7.

pass, to be blessed.
s. iiji

s-

Eth. brass?
^- s''"^"//"''

xl. 3.

'PC^

:

Ar.

lake, large

pond or

pool.

Isa.

"flC^'"^''

power, fortitude, hardness,

xix. 10.
s. blessing, action and form of blessing. and '114,^1 : adj. blessed. Ps. xviii. 46. •flCTrh^^: s. BiiRKiFMA, a small leather cushion, stuffed very tightly with raw cotton or any

obstinacy, roughness, cruelty.

Gen.

xlix. 3.

(hi.'fL-

"fldif: s. and Lat.

parchment.

From the Gr. fie/x/Spava, " membrana." Commonly used for
;

n-<.Vl

:

writing in Abyssinia

paper being a foreign

and a

verj' rare article

Abyssinians'

among tliem. parchment is made of

The
goat-

other soft material
of>»l't-<5.fl:g.i.

;

sometimes used instead

:

:.


88

n^Tnl*:
n<i^VlT :
bowels.''^

.

111^:

(

)

n-fi: ...nrt'l:

V. n. to be costive, inflated in the bowels.
" I

ITK.: ^n<!;*l-r?'A:

suffer

of infated

n-n
i.

:

Ar.

^jj

" colour," instead of ij, for the

Heb.
6.
s.

Y^is byssus, a sort of fine linen. Ezek. xvi. 10. xx\-ii. 7.

Esther

n^lri'Tt".

Ar.l<J

Heb.n3-13.

{I) Blessing
n.i*|:

Rev.xviii.l2. for n-fl::
to

received from God.

(2) Benediction,

or wish

nrt: v.n. Eth. 'fl'Krt:: Amh. Yl^."
evil;

be bad,

and prayer for a blessing on others. (3) Present, in which ^signification it is also constructed withlR-:

and, comparative, to be or to become

worse.

Mark v.
Heb.
sufficiently

2C.
;

fli^Vl^: Gen. xxiv. 53; and fl^lTlT: l)t: Gen. xxxii. 20.
as,

IK:

ni^A:
or be

V. n.

7\1)3 to mature, ripen

to boil

prepared for enjoyment or

?kn<^YlT:
Esther
ii.

V. a. to -present, grant,

bestow upon.

for action &c.

Is applied to fruits, to victuals,

IS.

a sort of bread much eaten by 'fK^Yl^J'travellers on a journey. It is made of very tliick unleavened dough, which is made to enclose a roundish stone of about two or three inches in diameter, tlie stone having been previously heated. After the dough is made up on the stone, the whole is thrown
s-

meats, to culinary, chemical, and mental &c.
processes.

Gen.
dime,'''

xl.

10: ^<5,:

nflA°: 5nC=
flrtA: "the
boiled or

"the fruit was

ripe."
i.e.

M*^:

meat

is

sufficiently

roasted.

PllA^:

YIC.:

RrtA: "the war
i.e.

concern has come to maturity,"
point of decision,
boil (ulcer) is ripe."
inf.

to the
"

^tltf- nflATA:
o^'l\(\£v"

the

into the fire until

it is sufficiently

baked.

n^.
"tiCfi-

i-q.
s.

m.H::
3 Jolm
13.

lt\f\t\£\.i trs. to ripen, bring to maturity,

inf.

pen, peiwil, writing-reed.

p_:
nCJ?*

flfiorq: Ex. xxv. 6:

oa«|>^4»tC|,: "penknife."
''•

P — O^IT:
:

"incense of
.jsc

*^<2^^

of

either sex.

"a male

slave."

" female slave."

tL^' pi. 1 f^^
to


:

(m^:
or

Basma;" from
larating
(?)

the Arabic U**Ai!
for the

"exhi-

:

ntJpB.1;:

spices,"

Hebrew miOp

DDDn

" burning of perfumes."

n^S,:y.n. At.3j "Heel cold."
^fl<iK:
V. a. to

be

cold.

^nC^V^-

make

cold, to cool, refresh,

V. n. Zo ie brittle, dry, to wither or fade away. Ps. xxxviii. 5. Dan. iv. 15. nflT: and flflYl: a preposition comp. of fl:

nrtnrt:

refrigerate.

(IdJ^- and more frequently
TT

Heb."niAaJ/. Ex.ix.23.>i'n5: —
adj.
s.

n^^":

^^- 1^^

and ">»flT: or "KflYl - signifies direction to, unto, differing Uttle from (D^: but having

some idea
wherefore

of resting
it is

still

adiiering to

it

"marble."

fl^^:
q£»p-;

&

s.

cold, coldness.

At.

Jj.l?

gun-powder.
is called

In Shoa, the

sometimes taken for fl Gen. vii. 16: sometimes for (DK" aq,^: "outside," i.q. fl"^^:: xix. 6: nftVl

"lock of the gun"

n<^:

whilst

"powder"

is

called g»i<5.::

With the demonP^AO)': "beliind him." pronoun J^{3: or y: affixed to it, strative
it signifies hither

•flC^*^ware.
fl'l: for

^"

glass-tables and glassS'^*> both
v. a. fo bore, per-

TH.tI:

(al.

or thither; e.g.Yin/p: fjfl <DK.U:) "from his house hither-

nrtO: (vid-flflO:)
Ex.xxi.6.

forate, driU.
fl<5.5P:

^Cfl^l?": noo
him bore
his ear

wards." fiflTH.^ • "^ more commonly contracted, n fit i*: "thitherward," "beyond,"

^•fl'ICD': "and

let

"on
nrtf-

the other side."

Yl't-Al^f
Ex.
iv. 10.

:

flfll:^:

through with an awl."
Tfl'll
:

" before yesterday."
V. n. to

pass, to be bored, perforated.
is

emit a bad smell

from
:

the mouth,

which nf*: and pl^: s. fried flour of barley, butter and eaten. made up with melted

to

have a fetid breath.
:

n lll^

particle of compliance

with pleasure /

:

'HflO:
readily
I

n«fA:
!)

(

89

)

-rni'A:
pass.

•• {*$'.'^^'

(yoti

are welcome

Tliis,
;

and the

•mi* A:
revenge.

& refl.
:

to be

avenged, io take

synon. nn-: are used only in Shoa al. "i^jl.: and sometimes fl^:: In Siioa, all these four
expressions are employed for the same idea,

Jer. ix. 9 1^^5i«: "^f^' '^'H 1l:\^fh- ?iTn'tA'/»T: "shall not my

soul be avenged

on such a nation.?"

Ex.

denoting only a gradation of

civility, "^ilT.:

being
'

the

simple and

straightforward

" I

xxxii.34: H'F'nl'A^FCD': i'T: "on the day when / shall be avenged (on) them."

will;" nS: "complied;" and qrt^: the more ingenious and courteous answer, " If I

jeni>AA: Gen. iv. 24: fl'l^: "seven- fold revenge shall he taken (from
i.e.)

W^-

rendered."

(scil.

pleasure or service,

&c.)

for Cain."

comp. of

'fl: "if,"

and Y\fl^:

1st pers. sing,

fJ'l'A:

s.

revenge.
v. n.

subjunct. of l\i*f'»': "to render," "to shew, "to do." The origin and peculiar meaning of in-: which in Shoa is used for the same pur-

n«PA: and n*F°A:
OD'fl'I'A:
growth.

Ar. jso

to

grow.

inf.

and

tro-n^A:

*^«

growing,

pose as those three other expressions,
not been
able to ascertain.
perforation.

I

have

2\f|tjH.A: act.
bring forth,

& trs. to make grow,
inf.

to produce,

•ntlO-

s. hole,

Vid. fi"^"
(Bl.)

a^-fl^i^"?inl'A:id.Gen.i. 11: ga^g-f^: i^OC:

'fl'lT: (Lud.) or

'HflT:

amat?
who have
the

•n^A:

J"let the earth bring forth grass."

nH:

Turkish Lib Pasha.
given to those

In Abyssinia, this
officers

Haggaii. 11:

ffo^£ffa- Rtyw^m^A Gf- U-A-: A.P: "and upon all that which
:

title is

the'ground bringeth forth." Job xxxviii. 27

arms, esp. fire-arms, under their care. nil J": s. contagious or epidemic disease; disease
in general.

"and
f]^£i.'
s.

to cause

the

coming out of the herbs

to groiv."

nYi'VV'
(lf\C[y-:

s.

&

adj.

a diseased person;

sick,

ill,

sparrow

(bird).
SC-' s.

diseased.

may
be
(i.e.

it be,

part of resignation and despondency, or let it be! i.e. "I must needs let it
I

n^A": and
mide. pi.

Ar. Jju Dank, bakkeli. n«l»^A"^:: n^A°'T-:: ?\n<|>A't*:
n'I*^A°:

so,

because

cannot alter

it."

liter,

"if

He

and more frequently,

^kH^A-f"^"

God)

will (have) it (so)."
s.

Rad.

•!::

n«&A:
6
f|«|js|n;

s.

Ar. 'iib

Tig. hi^-C.: f\it\6:: large

n-H^:
n9»
:

BL-sHAi,

lotos (a plant).

bean, hog^s bean.

V. a. to suffice, to be sufficient.

Gen.

xiii.

Ar.

*ftj

"the wood of a large tree with

land was not
16:

sufficient (for)

them."

Ex. xvi.

alinoud-lesves,

from which a decoction
18.

is

ponn3''T'lhT:
you."

^UA:
5,

"so much as

produced of a reddish or purple-like colour."
Golius.
-Isa.
i.

^fiau-: "eiT,^ suff^ces >»Tr£U"5: "whether Ifl: nS'Ti'?": JZ/V: they hear, or .whether they say we have
Ezek.
ii.

7

:

HfpfJit; Ar. (vJu Gr. ttv^os. Lat. "buxus," the
box-tree.
Isa. xli. 19.

enough of if (will forbear)."
^f|cj>: act. to
xi.

n«|>£^:

postpos.

(comp. of

n—
Tfl

:

and «|>40
exclusively.

22

:

make suffice, to satisfy. Num. Aon-nA^-O)': :rn3»A*-f (Bf : "t"
" ^^^^^

except,

besides, exclusive, without,

Always constructed with
e.g. YiC.ii-. Vi^'C.:

:

before the

^ A: H'iRto

thou shouldest be able
for their food."
Isa.

preceding substantive, pronoun, or numeral.

make

it suffice

them

||j|»^: intens. to be able or sufficient.
xl. 29.

P$^h-

"besides or without him." a sort of bread. In the kneading of this bread, leaven is mixed with the dough,
s.

n "f A

:

V. a. to avenge.

but not allowed to bring on fermentation. Bl.

^

:

:

•Pi^Oi.
'fl^'O' Heb. yjp3 ''a
shekel"

.. n-t-i;

(

90

)

Tnti:-

.n:i.:
inf.

slit,

cuitmg, esp. Imlf a

TriTi:
fl J"'t'l

pass, to be scattered, &c.

ODfl
there.

Ex. xxxviii. 26.

Vid. Lee,

s.

v.

n^^:
tive.

s.

&
s.

adj. the avenger, revewjer ; vindic-

intens.
4.

to

scatter

here

and

Rad.

n*PA::
herb.

2 Chr. xxxiv.

'fl^JP:

plant,

Gen.

iii.

18.

Rad.

'Tn^'t'l: pass, of
divers places.
il""l''l: part,

n^'Tl: to be Nehem. iv. 19.

scattered in

n«l»-A::

nn

Eth. ^.THrh^ntli : " de aqua qurc de pnccipitio dclabitur,'''' to fall. Isa. xiii. 7 : p
:

V. n.

Ti:.

of scattering.

:

2\A:

i-9-

Til

:

?iK<iT:

i-<J-

nTl"
Ps. Ixviii. 13:

rtOM
every

U-A-:

Ail:

^THA:
:

n."!"!: adj.

&
;

s.

domestic, belonging to a house

"the heart of
with pleasure,

or family

i.q.

man

tVP:

rt'fl::

shall fall, or fail."

nT^:

adj.

ni>: Shoa:
readily.

part, of compliance

pure,

of met.a!s.

:

<DC^=

"pure gold."
s.

Vid. 11*!^:
s.

n.T'P- BiTAWA,
" bibliotheca," library.

a broad

bracelet of gold

foi'

fl.il
al.

AP"t^:

Eur.

rich, of silver for

paw^,fhq.-V:
arm-pit,

oa^^rt-n^: "a
the
;

col-

killed

poor warriors, who have enemies. It is worn on the lower ten

lection of books.'"

arm.
hollow between the
bosom.
n.'TCD.'^J^: HiTWADDAn, auotlicr title for kas: it implies that the king has acknowledged

•flil^"
n't*:
s.
s,
:

s.

shoulder and the sides

the calf of the leg. place, room, spot.

n^:
n.^

Gen.

xiii. 4.

xxii. 4.

and confirmed him in his dignity as rvs. Gen. xxi, 22: for "chief commander of the army."
'fl^: part, of exclusion
alone,
but.
I
;

s.

Heb.

n']3-

Ar-

»^^

house in a large

Eth. •nfW't'Q)^'-- only,

sense, family, receptacle of

any

thing, place

wherein any thing

is

lodged.

y%^:

JEiin: il3f: >.*i.A:JAU':
want."
'h'l'ild.ViC.:

:

trea-

"this only

TI^Q

sury and treasurer, icarehouse and warehouse-

man, magazine.
muslin,"" " house

P'^9^^:

:

lit.

"house of
"
;

of clothes,"
"treasury.'"

"

wardrobe

and

generally,

PCDS-:


"hTi

iVi: l^K'C.I- 'fl^': "do not dispute, but do thy business." l^f|-V: I'lfp-f: -nil': T\tf"there are but three men." "^i.: 'fi'^&.'^i:

Y^

:

"1

"kitchen."

ILT: "il-A": or
"parlour."

WV:

•J-^A*: "king's

house;" and generally, "room
fL-T:

"M.: not able."
suffix,

am alone," "by myself." Num. xi. 14 nirKJ: ... hA-T'Agn: "I alone am
f^z

when

prefixed to 'fliJ': \\Jth
still

of state,"

JlCnt^l:
fLT: rtP^*:

strengthens the idea of isolation
e.g.

"church."
to

fLT:

rtil: "person belonging
pi.

a house or family."
"

"house-people," "family," pec. "domestics."

nA

:

rL'"r

owner

of a house," " landlord,"

"head oi a. family "master ;" and in Amhara, "self." e.g. qAH.^: tL^- "^e master of
this house."

£U: rtO)': Ail^'O)': ^O)'A'tl^ay*: "this man is uloni', and that man is alone," i.e. "these two men comRad. fjflt pletely differ from each other." t"®: Eth. "solum esse."
more;
_?•?»:

f>^A:

and uo^'-fA:
s.

s.

a youvg dog.
singleness,
loneliness,

^'IC,-

ntiilJt: "the master,

'fi^\'\"-

solitariness,

lord of the country," " the governor, prince," Gen.xHLSO. eiAai^: "I myself-" 'Jd.a'l--:
" neighboui'."

solitude, singularity.

Ps. xxii. 20: il'-'F'i'tTr:

"
*^^'^^''

"my my

solitariness^

for

-fllfTl: JPA^T:
Lev.
xiii. 40.

only one."

n^C=
tVVh-

®-

"^"ff'

'^°^'

"'""^^'

«'^«7''''^-

Ps.

*\%" 6.U
fers

:

bald-headed.

dif-

xlv. 6.

Gen. xxx.

37.
inf.

V. a. to scatter, strew, disperse,

ODfl

-f 1::

the scattering, dispersion.

from i.tl: fli.: as the latter is bald only on the crown of the head, whereas the former has all the hair of the head falling out.

::

n^A:
n^'^: S. TJ^l^:
xiii.
s.

.

.

nViC:
Vid.

(

01

)

nVi^cr:
pi.

.

.

.

nH:
an*^

after, behind, a/terivards.

^A"
Lev.

first-born, firstling,

Eth. ?i'fl''lC:

baldness of the wliole head.

n Yl'-iS.'}
born son."

: :

Gen.

X. 1 5

:

P

:

A£"

:

"first-

42.

Num.

iii.

42.

It'll

:

Shoa n-f:
:

Ar. "^

coffee, esp. unboiled

Heb.

n"^'i3!l

coffee

when

Ar. h,^^ primo-

boiled, those

Abyssinians
of

who
the

are acquainted witli the manners

nJlCffiy^£"j^:
•flVi_p:
'^^'2.

(
1

geniture, birth-right.

Gen. xxv. 31.

Arabs

Heb.
s.

xii. 16.

call it

•T'i'P: i^ls. In Abyssinia they
different

have three

sorts of coffee;

viz.

Eth.

Tig. 'n"?!^!-::

Ar.J^
Rad.

Heb.

(1) Such as is produced in the neighbourhood of the Lake of Ts'ana. Much is cultivated

weeping.

Isaiah xxii. 12.

nVlP:

Etii. " flevit."

there, but it is of

an inferior quality.

(2)

A

0*111^:

s. i.q.

niTf^:

q.v.

Job xxxix.

1.

superior sort

is

produced in the kingdom
(3) Tlie best

'flTA't':

s.

jolie, jest,

drollery, mocking, vain

of Harrar, to the east of Shoa.
of Enarea and Caffa.

talk, play.

Abyssinian coffee grows in the

countries

'TlTATf
mocker.

:

s.

&

adj. joker, jester, vain-talker,

The two

latter sorts

are exported
sold for

;

and, to a considerable extent,
coffee.

Mocha

Caffa, perhaps, is

fKD'l-: part, of interrogat. indeed? really? comp. of n : and "^fl)^.:: Gen. xvii. 17.

originally the native country of this plant.''

n ^ A:
'I':

s.

festival, feast.

Ex.

x. 9.

fl^A :
i.e.

S"?»

In Shoa, scarcely any but

Mohammedans
Abysis

and foreigners drink
sinia
it is

it

:

in the rest of

18.

"feast of unleavened bread," Ex. xxxiv.
:

ill

^t'

:

"/easi of the ears,"

"first-

a favourite beverage of merchants

fruits," for "feast of

weeks."

:

onxA^:

in Gurague, and

among

the Gallas,

it

a

"feast of tabernacles," ibid.

very

common

drink.

?inH:

V. to start

suddenly from sleep, from
adv. & adj. TJ^: Yi: ?»
it."

'flO^C: 3- a sort oi fern (filix mas), with the smoke of which the vessels, in which milk is kept up, are perfumed in order, it is said, to
;

a dream &c.

fatten the milk.

m^:
"

(comp.'of n: and
are together:"
:

Jvl^:)

'flOH:

s.

BKijZA,

a beautiful animal of the Dantlie

together, united, unitedly, jointly.

kali country,

resembling

cow

in size,

and

we

YlCi'l":

^i'- TiJ^"with

the deer in form and stature; and
said to

its flesh is

g^^JO'"!'

" I

have made

it together

have a most excellent
"another God."

taste.

ql^^.:
colours.

Ital.

"bandiera," flag, ensign, national

lOj^:
/\i\:

Eth. other, different, strange.
Ps. Ixxxi.
cf.


9.

:

?ji9ii

Rad.
" di-

nog:

Eth. "alius fuit."

Ar.

•mK?•vf

hireling,

ages, ,esTp.

workman who labours for day-labourer. Lev.xix. 13. John
BUNDJER WAND,
title

Ij^
to

stant," " remote."

nH:

v.n.

Eth.n-HT:

X. 12.

Tig. nii't::

be or
inf.

become much,
flJ'JiK'-

n^^'C•
chief

of the
'flHI-'t-:

to increase, to multiply,
;

on

officer

of the customs, sometimes called

the being much, increasing

increase,

flVJ:

of xii. 8 fermentation (used of the dough). PAfl^: '?iTS'^'' "'unfermented (unleavenEx.
ed) bread."

V. n. to be leavened,

and

to be in

a

state

m. 'HH: f. "flTl!" pl.-flH-: (not to be confounded with the adj.
flH-::) multiply, be much,"' Gen. i. 28. With a following Vi: it forms a comparative, e.g.

multitude,

imp. sing.

>kA1^:

than we."

"nV: ^tlH^'^U': "you are more fj^.: fiH-n^: "the work increased against (was, or is too much for) me." N 2

TnH:
"rnH: KflH?
pass, to be

TnHnH:
made much,
to

(

92

)

hfinnnn:-.. n^:
?ifin H n

be increased,
i.

H

:

cans, to give over for confiscation.

mvUiplied or augmented.
act. to

Gen.

29.

Ezek. XXV. 7:
Tl'TriAll':

AhihH-n'/": 2\finH'n
I will

make much,

to increase, multi-

"and

deliver thee

up

for

Gen. iii. 16. •flH-: adj. & s. much, many. Eth. flTI : Eth. Venus (star).
phj, to

augment.

a spoil to the heathen."
-f]

H-'i

::

'flTinH: and 'ITH'nH:
jAunder, confiscation.
xlii.

s.

plundering, spoil,
xxi. 14.

2

Kings

Isa,

n.H

:

s.

Kvrpov, substitute, substitution, redemp;

22.
confiscator.

tion,

ransom,

used esp. of the animal appointed
;

to be killed

as a sacrifice

e.g.

in several cases

llTnil^: s. plunderer, spoiler, HH-S-: (?) Ps- cxlvii. 16.
'flH'^:
Rof)
s.

of disease,

when a sheep or a
;

fowl

is

offered

muUilude, plenty, abundance

;

increase.

for the sick person

or in public calamities,
con-

mi..
V. n. to

as e.g. at the first appearance of the cholera

in Tig;re,

when an ox was solemnly

HHi:

swarm

(of bees).
Isa. xxxiv. 15.

ducted through the town of Adowa, accompanied by a large crowd of people carrying
stones on their necks in token of repentance
for their sins,

n.HT:

Ar. u'j^. hawk.

nH.^:

(comp. of
that, there.

fl:

and _p: Gen. PH,^:)

adv. by

the fields at

and the animal was taken into a short distance from the town,

SYH': and

n^: Eth

njeiHO)::

and

killed.
it is

cause

The victim is called fl.H: bethought to die in lieu of the per-

"Tn'T: and 'I'llS: to redeem, to purchase free an indebted property by substitution of
an equivalent.
Ex.
xiii.

13:

flT^:

'"I'fl

son or persons intended to be benefitted by This may be considered as a relic its death. Paganism or Judaism. flH: also is either of used as a sudden exclamation when a person hurts himself or is thought to have done
:

^TAtl:
XV. 13:

with a price shuU thou redeem
thou hast redeemed."

it."

P't-nj^i|^a>''i: AVHti: "the

people

whom
(1)

cf.

Tg::

n^: s. verb.

companions exclaim, n.H: fLH: in wliich case the original meaning seems to have been a wish to have been in lieu of the injured person, and to have averted the
so,

his

^^C17:
(2)
viii.

from ?iiA ::
:

sayer, one

who says.
Heb.
ii.

"forgiver," "forgiving."

'H'?'":

"one who keeps
eater, esp. glutton.

silence."

from flA."
20.
s.

Luke

injury by suffering

it

for him.

p_P:

PS"and the

n=i*i:

o-

P"''"

like, (lit.
:

"/ pincers, tongs, forceps, <Ae hand's substitute.) Rad.

n^ H Q)
TH.: Ar.
V.'

Eth. " redemit."

drawn through those on declivities, in order to prevent the water from carrying away the good ground with the seeds, and to prevent
large furroics,
lie

fields

which

*-^^ and^!V a hawk. Lev. xi.l6. Heb.

inundation.

n^«^^:

Isa. Ixii. 10.

Jer. iv.

6,

21.

vi. I.

ban-

ner, standard, military ensign.

nUM:
:

(comp. of fl: and

^U:

gen. PH.tl:)

flPfl) :

V. a.

Ar. j^iu

to tin over, to line

with

tin.

adv. here.

THd.: s- rnare, female horse. q H,^ 5- quicksilver, mercury.
IHiflH :
vii.

TflPffl:

pass, to be tinned over.

Lev.
i.q.

vi. 28.

I^:
27.

s.

& adj.
Heb.

strange, a stranger,

HOjIf ::

v. a. <o

plunder, to take goods by force,

Ps. cix. 11.

lawfully or unlawfully.

Gen. xxxiv.

Ezra

n j^

:

s.

^5

Ar. 55 " separatio, solitude,"

26

:

no^nTiflTI: "by
Isa. xlii. 22.

confiscation."

emptiness, solitariness.
late,"

U"^^:

:

"deso"wil-

TflHnH:
cated.

pass, to be plundered or confis-

"deserted country,''

"desert,"

derness."

A

:

n^:...n^.c:
flR,: Ar.fjj desert, wilderness.

(

93

)

nsS':-'•

ni^li':
:

Judges

ix.

42.

nSS"

^^J-

^ ^^^'- (co™P- of n^
to

"

empty," and

n^:

and

qP:
adj.

adj. empty.

jig-: "hand") emjily-handcd,
and more
hand.

vfith

an empty
2 Sam.

ri'fi: s.

&

mad;

esp. sorcerer ;

generally, sorceress. Rad. T\l}R : " to be mad." The Abyssinians' belief in witchcraft goes

•fl^li' ?»A: v.n.
V.

be high, elevated.

17:

-nj^T: (DS^AOh: tl^i.: "to
high."
1

a

so far, as to ascribe to its influence, not only

place which was

Kings

xiv. 23.

every kind and degree of mania, epilepsy, chorus St. Viti, but also several other nervous

Jerem.

ii.

2U. xxx. 18.
to fit.

ng:
'

V. n. /o 6e ready, finished, to suit,

and

febrile complaints

;

as, hysteria,

delirium,

AVTien

complying with any request, the Abysc.

and, besides these, every obstinate disease for

.sinians, esp. in
it is done,'
a. to
e.

which they know no remedy.
those cases,
is,

Their idea, in

Shoa, use the expression tiie request is grantcu.
'

nS:
to

usually,

that either

some
:)

?inS:
ivork

prepare, suit, ft, to arrange,
thing, to

demon, or aBooda, must have taken possession
of the patient.

any

make ready;

to

mend,

The Falashas

(\-id.

«5.Ah

restore.

of Semen, and the neighbourhood of Gondar, skilful artisans in general, and a number of

•j-fjg: pass, to be prepared &c. often used for Tfl'H': to redeem, v. O'H'::

other people possessed with

mon
to

skill

or genius,

more than comare looked upon as
generally believed

Boodas.

The hyaina

is

n^: Txtk- v.n. to suit, ft, to do ivcll, i.q. fl^:: "does very well.'" n^: ^AA: "it " does not n^: Itty.A'T^ " it will not
suits,"''
do,''''

be a transformation of a Booda.
V. a. to offend, to u-ronfj.

answer the purpose."
ply, to

Also, to obey, com:

n^A:

5 "TflK : pass, to be offended. yx\: Vnr: "i^ngAAlh: "lam offended by thee."
:

A

Gen. yvL

n^:
its

say " I^o™- '^'i- ^ ^ «5.3'K,19°: ?\""rnA-: "do not obey (comply with) ^ will or command."

nk

n*i:

adj.

&

adv. good, well.

IlKA:

s.

offence.

n^:
flJ^AT:
substi-

n^^:
tute,

Ar.

Jjj

plural c:j'Jjo
:

summer, i.e. dry season of the year, opposed to ll^'T'o'f : "the rainy season." In common language, the Abyssinians do not
count more than these two seasons and^ therefore fl^^ comprehends nine months,
;

change. Isa. iii.
atlj-

22 " changes of vestment."

nKA?*:
Ex.
ii.

&

s.

offensive, offender, aggressor.

13.

fl^^:

Eth.

" certavit

ad prius faciendum."
Ex. xxii. 25.

Amh. non
t\l\^d,'

occ.
act. to lend.

TnK<i:
-nSrC.: fl^^'"!-:
s-

med.
s.

to borroic

from another.
Ps. xlix.
7.

m:

from the autumnal equinox to the middle of June; but their literary people reckon two other seasons beside those two, i.e. tnj0(D»: "spring" and XKJE: "autumn." Gen. viii. 22.
s.

Eth.

niO:

Tig.

n"l^::

sheep, fern.

'oon.

n-lf::
'** Ix^o-l-

loan, equivalent.

Ex.xxiil. til: mf\^i.q7i^X " shepherd," Gen. iv. 3. n'I9"J^C: " Bag(country of the
sheep),""

flKflK-

^- ^- *" '^^^9^^'

gammeder

a certain

province of Abyssinia.

'TinEnKtremble.

F^s-

^

^^^1.

^^ shaken, to

'f|"lC= Lev.

xiii. 25,

and

28.

"white spot" on

Num.

xiv.

Isa. xxi. 4.

Dan.

v. 6.

n^^:s.
carcase,

pl.

n^K"*"^:
1

»°<^

fi^Ki"

corpse,

mm:
mr:

the head.
s.

a dappled

horse.
lyre.

dead body of
1 5.

men

or of animals.

s.

a stringed instrument, a
s.

Gen.
Deut.

Lev.

xvii.
s.

Kings

xiii. 24.

iv. 21.

n^:
2 Cor.

&

adj.
1 2.

offender,

offending, offensive.
:

m^^'l':
xxiii. 6.

goodness,

kindness,

virtue.

vii.

Rad.

nK

Rad. 0*1"

:

m^i,fi:..na.3':
n^lJ^V.^!: Ar. ^j^jSk> and ,^^yj*<, j'arsley.
n*J"l"T|:
s.

(

94

)

T:

sented

"a bracelet of gold or silver, preby the king to such soldiers as have
Cf.

•f:

^T^:

Tvwi,

i.e.

the t

letter,

the eleventh

letter of the

Amharic
Greek

alphabet, answers in
to the

distinguished themselves in war." Bl.
also Ludolf,

name, pronunciation, and character,

whose statement, I think, has been corrected by tluit of Blumhardt liere
V. a.

Hebrew D,
mutable

the

t,

and, in general, the
It is

Arabic cu, and our.x.
letters

one of those

given.

ntn:

fo oppress, act
7.

violently,

tyrannize.

Ezek. xviii.

which by the accession of the consonant y are changed for by this, "t" Vid. : ty.I or Tsri.\, &c. TA, is changed into
;

'Tn ni

:

pass, to be oppressed, suffer oppression,

^

tyranny, &c.

sub ^::
"l"

fl"): v.a. Eth. flTrh".
scarify, to

to

scratch, to

:

as a preformative letter,

is

prefixed to

slit,

to

make incisions into

several derivations of verbs.

By
is

it,

the

the skin.

Lev.

original signification of the verb
fied,

modie.g.

xxi. 5.

"Vn^'

pass.

& refl.

so as to

become

passive, reflexive, or
;

to

be scratched,

to scratch

intensitive,

or reciprocal, or reiterative

oneself.

m*:
Bl.

s.

a rafter; the secondary beams of a
adv. Tigr.

roof.

n «!•?":

n^lO"^::
Mark

"he was beaten," from odj^: "he struck." TtroArt: "lie turned himreturned," from ooAll: "he self' i.e.
'fcroj-:
••

totally,
vi.

com-

turned."

fi'l^.: "lie
"said."

spok-e,"'

from Yl^^:
"gave and

pletely, fully, thoroughly.

20.

"he

told,"

T^^'ntt e^: "they
themselves,''''

fj.«yijO: Ar. Jaj "terehinilnis,''' the turjjentinetree.

deliberated amongst

Hosea

iv. 13.
to tear, rend,

received adsice," from au'fi ^: " to advise."
'l'cnj/\^rt: "he took a walk," "walked to

nrni*!: v. a. (of a cord, rope, &c.) to break into pieces.

'Tnnirt
break.

:

pass.

&

n. to be torn, to be rent, to

and " rt

fro," "

up and down," &c. from oo/\
is

In nouns derived from those verbal
preserved.

forms, the "Vto stir vp, fo rouse.
io be stirred up, to rage.

Vid. 'l'«|»njK:

nmniil: v. a. Tfl^inni:
xxi. 25:

Luke
of)

YlHfhC:

""nTinT: PTiWi:
to,

"arising from (owing
the ruyiny of the sea."
niTV."¥l:

on account

"T^^i- and others. is also an inseparable conjunction con•f necting numerals together, like Yl: with which it interchanges.

:

^—

:

in the conjugation of verbs, serves as
fern.,

Ar.

,s:^d:y

BATTiKii,

the

sweet

water-

a prefix for the 3d pcrs. sing,
pers. sing. masc.
plural,

the 2d

melon.
'f|CE|,: s.

Num.

xi. 5.
i.e.

and the 2d pers. in the indicative and subjunctive
fem.,
;

&

yellow colour,

straw or gold colour;

moods
A^-::

of the present tense

e.g.

'Y^I'DA

adj. yellow.
•flR-'::

Lev. xiv. 37.

-1'OD'nAtJ::
a voweless
suffix,

"MJ^: Hl^::
represents the 3d

"fiR-O-- and -flO'" •flB-O". bapptj, Rad. nOO: pi. 'IIB-"^'?:: blessed, blissful,
Eth.

'I-:

as,

"beatum
Eth.

esse."

person

sing. masc. in verbs of

immediate
u,

•fl&?k't":

von:

Gen. xxxi. 13: •f!0'^

construction, standing after the vowel

^«?o: (for -flOTx^l^'-) PinUA'l: "and Rad. nO?k: to -whom tJiou liast vowed.""
" vovit."

where the proper suffix (O^: cannot be used; and after the prepositions A: and

»

•'

CJ

n:
calico,

e.g.

Hdlhl- ^i^^-

8«5.A'>: and

n^;^:
cloth.

Ar. Lii_»

white and fane cotton

,

«d.nT::

-

: :

a'1':

.

.

."TAT":
fern.,

(

95
'

)

:hA*J

T"^^:
'rA'T^in: >iH
Gen.
x. 12.

a ^: verbal

suffix

3d pers. sing,

attached

32: '5\^K:
the earth."

9"^C'
^'i" close

't'AV^: "aa furrows oi
:

to the verb, either immediately, or

by the
fl:

Jer. xxx. 17

medium
e.g.

of the prepositions

A: and

^Alh:
JhA^:

"I

thy

stripes."

IhfvV:

KAQ^:

and (DlliEJA-f
like

adj.

fem.

—^"f:
*•

j/rea/, large.

'rU/V': (or
the

f U/V:) an Abyssinian meal,

-|-/\^l^: s. greatness, Gen. xliii. 33.

largeness,

magnitude.

nr*: made up into a stiff dough with melted butter. ^W^fl: TAiisAs, the fourth Abyssinian month,
beginning the 8th or 9th of our December,

consisting of fried barley-flour,

-TAT:
"flax."

s.

Tig.

7»TTim.::

linseed.

p—
i.e.

y%'^Ci "foot (or

stalk) of the

linseed,"

P—

:

Ih'lC^ fi"^' "linen doth."
4.

Ex.

ix. 31.

XXV.

and lasting
'T A: V.
rate,
a.
cf.

to the 6tli or

7t.h

of .Tnnuary.

y^in

"

clothed in scarlet," to genevii.

TAn"lC= '•o™?Vid. TAT::
TAlJ'A:
TAJLTAL,

of

PTAn:
of

and

"KIO fiax.
Agame

produce norms. Ex.

IS

:

Qd''^(SP^I^

'

name

a Dankali tribe

^TA^:
worms"
•yrfi.:

"and

the

water

shall

engender

inhabiting the east and south-east of
in Abyssinia.

Tig. r««p: heer.
s.

•I-A^'t-: and -"rAl-T-f:
terday.

Tig. -I'lnjA.:: yes-

^A:

Heb. "jhSPi norm. Tig. fhlV^::
ijukkly,

•ttV- adv.

speedih/,

suiftly,

hastily.

't'/\lj'^:

and 'I'A^Egt:
^^'^

s.

phyer, jester, scorner.
Vid.

:

'fvti-

"to

frA":

nA:

do quickly^'' "to hasten." "be quick!" "hasten!"
Ps. Ixviii. 23,
deceive, defraud,

Rad.

t^lS.' AlK::
s-

TA1K:

AlK"- and
conse-

^AA:

to he coloured.
'^'•^-

^fhC.'F"'^'
imtion, "

Tiiii-REMT, i.q.
(i.e.

fhf^oO'r:

?i^AA:

t" cheat,
to

cration, devotion

devoting),

vow;

execra-

pose upon; ?»1.14'^:

persuade.

Gen. xxix. 25:
hast thou
xxiii. 16: ""hC.

prohibition.

Num.
i.e.

\i. 13:

HA:
Ps.
li.


17.

?k:J-AAl!^: "how
Jer. xx.7.

owner of o vow,"
adj.
pi.

"Nazarite."

beguiled me?'"

^d>-^:
"l'A»''l'f :

humble, modest, lowly.

^•V(D^: ^3'AT'P:}.Ar:
ceive you."'

"for

'%

de-

Isa. Ixi. 1.
s.

^At.-X'i::

Rad.

TthT:

Eth.

humility, lowliness, modesty, s-ubmis-

'Tif'A

A

'

pass, to be deceived, persuaded.

Jer.

sion, subjection.

Gen. xxvii. 40.
Rad.

xx.7:

?\at=:
and
I

JVj-AAUl: -TJ-AAU-T^:
hast

^U^VC/\"-

s.

instruction, lesson, doctrine.

"O
me;
Vid.

Lord, thou

deceived

(persuaded

itoUk?.: Eth.

Vid.
the

oq^::

was

deceived

(persuaded)."

T9"Af|:
j-cnjoi^:

s.

upper threshold of a door.

hA::
adj.
s.

Rad. onoAfj::

^AA^:
TAA<!L:

very great, vefy large.
trespasser,

Gen.

s.

i.

16.

& adj.

sick,

ill,

diseased

;

a

paiienl.

the

transgressor.

Matt.
Isa.

vi. 23.
s.

Rad.

^uooo:

Vid. "hpxiau::

xxiv. 16:

PTAAGL^'I?^:
James
ii.

n.P.A: rt<.:
Rad.

TT^C:

Ar.^;
s-

"fructus," date, and date-tree,

"and they hnve committed the offence of
transgressors.^
9.

palm-tree.

Ex. xv. 27.
.veer,

-TAAd.::
change-

T*'"A^-T':

observer,

spectator,

sur-

Vid.

?\Ad,"
;

sdj. chequered, varying,

aJ)le ;

trop. humorous, whimsical.
s. s.

veyor; watchman, prophet. 1 Cliron. xxi. 9. Ezek. xxxiii. 2. 2 Sam. xN-iii. 24. Rad. 'roo

^^aq

the colon, large intestine.

AYI-T: Vid. goAVl'Ti-::
-foij^:
Vid.
s.

1-A9":

furrow.

Ps.lxv. 10:

1'A5«T'i:

uy^::

f^£Vi: "make its /arroft's to overflow." TA"?**: s. id.; and figuratively, stripes, furrows, 1 Kings xviii. as It were, on a beaten back.

fcnii:

one who learns, scholar, disciple, pupil,

student;

in Shoa,

sometimes used for ieac/ie/-, especially where the student is often called

foDjTl:.

.TTiiH:
teacher finji::

(

9G

)

hflt^.H^.
:

l'<.4."t':

hflT""?^: and

liis

Rad.

?ifl'r«!^l-l
s<i7c//

cans, to cause or order to bind or

T"94:
TO"rt::

Vid.

otj^J" ;;

books.

1H,:
•f-ouYl.:

"

1 Sam. xvii. 35: n't'"'fl'fl^7": and when he fell upon me."'
s.

"VdJH

:

s.

Ar.

x^

a certain

<ree of a

hard wood.

frVOlff^:
s.

Isa. xliv. 14.

tobacco.

& adj.
:;

^^."H
one trho praises himself, vain,
2 Tim.
iii. 2.

:

s.

stitching, binding, volume,

aquantity of

paper or parchment-sheets stitched together.

ambitious, thirsVaiij after (jlory.

Vid. croVi

T<J.TC: or T«5.>i;:

s.

book-binder.

'r9''iliJ''r: TLMKEiiPrr,

(jlorrj,

praise, renown,
i.

^i.'Jtii-.igyi.li::

good reputation, fame.
xi. 10. au.

Esther

4.

2 Cor.

"ff^y: Ar. b^

P/eiac/es (constellation). Jobix.9.

T«i^:
t

s.

one ivho receives help, assistance, and
;

•t'ao«'H

:

n. pr.

v^ri Tammiiz, the Syriac

name

support

one ivho
Bl.

is

assisted.

Isa. xxxi. 3.

for the
T<5.<5.:
tain.
s.

Greek Adonis.
Ar.
Ji"

Ezek.
-1^12

viii. 14.

Rad.ft^J^:

Vid. ^^^::

J-6.^:
Chad.

s. gullet.

Heb. "^in moun-

•t-^TnCTO:

v. n.

&

act.

Ar.

Gen.

vii. 19.

^J

Heb.

D^l^

to signify, to denote, to be translated, to he ex-

T<il*|: V. n. Eth. fC.'Kfl- "caput

reclinavit

plained;

to explain, translate, interpret.
:

dormiendi causa."
'fi't'dXithinr/,
'^''

Amh.

non. occ.

'f-'l'^'I^CTO

pass, to be translated, interpreted,

^- '"

support one^s head by any

explained.

to rest one''s Itead

upon any

tiling.

YxtVV d^Y°^^^

'•

trs.

&

cans, to translate, inter-

Gen.xxviii.il: Yl^.lV: n:^'-T9^-•fC*"- "VV- "and pidiinrj (them) as a
support under
liis
s.

TT

pret, eipilain ; to cause to tnenslate, &c.

head, he slept."
//ie

^CX"^-

s-

Chald. D?"}J!1

Ar.

J^J

inter-

pretation, translation, signification, explication,

"tdjli-

Ar.

t_y

fat of the

intestines.

meaning, sense, purport.

Lev.
•f ^'f:
s.

vii. 3.
/o/e, story,foolish talk,

'rC'''^°- adj.&
nonsense.
1

s.

translated, explained; inter-

Tim.

pretation, &c.

iv. 7.

Lament,
series,

iii.^

14.

'fd.&,' v.n. to remain,
xl.

rest,

to

be left;

to be

•r£^^:

s.

rozt'.

Ex.

4:

pmi'I'Cn

superfluous, to have abundance.

Ex. xvi. IS:
"to

a^^•. >i^j^«5.: nTC:^: r^ncTt- 'and arrange the bread, -which is to be oflcred, in
rows.

Tv^Ti?": AAl^nn: ?i(fVT*^^a>'ro:
him
iCor. XV. 58:

that gathered much, vns no superfuity."

PTt^^.^-U-'T": IM-: "be

•j-XT<i: V. a. 2 Kings ii.

to tear info pieces. 12.

2 Sam.

xiii.

1 9.

abounding ^^
?i'f (T^d.:
act. to

make remain,
Matt. xvi. 26.

to

lay by, to

TT^T^i:
'"rO*/:
'VC.'i'^s. s-

pass, to be torn into pieces.

gain, to save.

TERNAiiA, an Abyssinian plant.

T\tltd,A,: idem.

^ large bort of citron with scarcely

^^^:
for "

adj.

&

s.

remaining
pi.

;

the remainder,
•"f-^rf^""!-:

any
•ffjjVl

flavour.
:

Gen.

xliii. 1 1.

abundance, surplus,

Eth.

used

s.

Ar.
s.

£^t
/iee/,

history.

works of supererogation," RIatth. v. 47. Sometimes instead of virtue, e.g. 2 Pet. i.
3, 5, 6.

fii'h'H:

esp. heel-bone; heel-piece of

'"V^^/t"- ^ised also with the verb
remainder,
rest,

shoes, boots,

and sandals.
°''" *''''^^'

in the singular.
JooA's.

T<iH:

v- ^- '" ^'"'^

'TC^stitched (of

^* '''^

remnant, surplus.
Isa. xi. 11.

TTiiH:
books).

pass, to 6e 6ou?irf or

'"r«i.<5-: s.

id.

Mark

viii. 8.

'r<.4.i': Vid.

T^.e."

:

:

'^C^l^"
^C,Q,Yt".
the
s.

..•n'"f:

(

97

)

J•^.:^:
s.

..-•rn^^:

the act

or qualily of remaining;
superJtuUij,

J-fl.J':

leavened bread-cake.

being

left;

the

advantage.

^P^:

s.

Heb. TX^^ Ar. civU tabot,
Ex. xxvi. 23.

(1)

Ark

Rom. iii. 2. Tfld: s. that which
labour.
Isa. xxix.

of the Covenant.
is

The Abyssi-

wrought or done ;

ivork,

16: rt^Oh: flidy^: ?»Arti.*59«: 7k^l^/i,: "as the ivork saith of him that made it, 'He made me not; " Rad. -rn^.: Vid. fji.::

f

nians believe, that Menilek, the supposed son
of Solomon

by the Queen

of Sheba (which

they hold for Abyssinia), carried the Ark with

him from the Temple of Jerusalem by

stealth

;

•V^^:
Rom.
Tfl<J.:

Vid. 1^1^::
s.

'T'^JPn.:
i.

reviler,

calumniator,

hlnsphprner.

when, after the termination of his education under his father Solomon, he secretly, and by miraculous assistance of Providence,
escaped from Jerusalem, and went back to
Abyssinia.

30.

s.

hope, promise, expeclaiion.

:

J\^

A

sanctuary was built for

it

at

«^T

:

" to

hope.-'

— —
:

/lojje," lit.
:

" to

make,"

"

entertain a

Axum

;

and one of the chief

officers of the

>i°lH.?ii'fl<l^CT = " to

make

God
:

one's hope,"

"put one's

trust in God."

rtm:
viii. 1 2.

and—:

7\ti^d.l: "to give a
hope," " to promise,"
:

kingdom appointed \IM,^': or "keeper of the Ark ;" which title is still borne by the Governor of Axum and Tigre Proper, as they
are supposed to possess the ark
still

promise," " to

make one
Vid. rt<i.(D

in their

Ex.

Eth.

'I-hA:
'I'iTIri

Vid.
s.

HA::
hearer,
carrier, conveyer, porter.

Church at Axum. To preserve this belief, it is said that none but an Aboon (Bishop)
is

Jji][_:

allowed access to
look at

Ex. XXXV. 15:
poles"
|'«I>aii(;p.:
s.

Th'iTF'^-:
a

"the carrying

if

that sanctuary; and ever any other individual should dare
it.

to

& adj. settled ;
xix. 9.

Providence would instantly
(2)

settler,

inhabitant,

punish him with death.
munion-table, or altar, in

a

guest.

Gen.

Rad.

f «I>tnjf[|: ^Vid.

The sacred com-

1>OBm::
T*l'<5»: Ar. s^JLj
s.

nion vessels
fissure; brim, ridge., Isa.

which the commuare kept, and whicli stands in

the centre of their churches, called

^^rt

XXX. 13.
•'r^'fl
hole.
:

Ar. (._^;
Isa. xxii. 9.
s.

pi. t_;Ljij! fissure,

breach,

of Holies," is also called TABOT. (Vid.subonj«^/^.-j.:: (3) tabot is used
also,

^J^On: "Holy

T'P'lJIii:

receiver,

responsor.

Ezra

after the
ii.

65
it

metonymically, to designate a church, most essential part of it, from which
s.
:

4»T3»?^'T':
responsors."

T<I>nP-'r9":
Zeeh.
ix.

"singers

and

derives its sacred character.
pride, for 1'On."'!':
V. a. to tivist,to

8: ^'fl^:

TI'T^:
any

^fJ/'T:

q-v.

" receiver of tribute."

tntn
Ps.
L.

work

artfully, to frame.

T^f"!^:
•fjljTii:
s.

adj.

&

s.

piercing, stinging;

19:

ODAfiy^O: sTilAT: -VlXt
deceit."
pass.

thing which pierces or stings.
" stinging fly," " musquito," Ex.


viii.

n-l*:
:

H'!"!!:
24.

"and thy tongue /ramccZ

TTnTn:
''r'Xl't'T!:
s.

one
'"

who

counts,

makes accounts;
viii. 1 7.

J^flt-nTfl: caus.
twisting, artifice.

bookkeeper, recorder.

2

Sam.

Tn'M-"!':
dross, slacks.

s.

masculine nature, manliness.
-l

"I^IA: Ar. JLy

Ezek. xxii. 18.19.
breeches.

t-ll-vV:

for

Oaff: proud.
Heb. )nri "stramen,"
Ps.
i.

Tnn.'}:
TH'T":
s.

Ar, ^jJjIu

trowsers,

Ex.

l-ajP:
dust.

s.

Ar.

^"

chaff,

xxviii. 42.

Ex.
s.

viii. 16.

4.

& adj. Eth.f H O'Tf:: male, masculine;

TnjEJ^i:

a borroiver, one who borrows.

Isa.

opposed to Pi'Jrt'T: "female."

xxiv. 2:

-^i-J^n^i: "Jvl^.U-"?": Tfi^^:

:

•rnjEi^:

.

.

.

*rl,^:

(

98

)

a-trti:.
Isa. xxxiv. 13.
araplif.

.'MnA:

"as the lender, so also the borfower." Rad.

serpent.

TDRe.'
•rn^Ji:
Rad.
s.

Vid. nK«?L" one who is offended. Vid.

^trri'.
2 Cor.
vii. 12.
little

of

J-f fi: very
Xxxiii. 13.

small, very

or minute. Gen.
s.
• .* ^

Tn^A:

n^A"
bull.

Tl^S
Isa.

:

a sort of stinging fy.
Ar. iiXi
tin.

"tTA:
li.

At. JjUj chamois goal; wild
1

J-^Vi

:

s.

20.

^llr|_:

s. float,

raft,

a small

boat.

Matt.

iv. 21.

5"T*I*: improperly for ^fn«fr: 33. Vid. ni'l'::
•t"^*]^:
s.

Chron.

xii.

't'iYV'A: V. n. to be shrewd, crafty, deceitful.

TTlYl^'A:
to

act.

& pass,

to outwit, to cheat,

and

hedgehog, urchin.

be outwitted or cheated.
s.

:^^: part
ij:„^
thing,

Eth. J-Aif::

Tig.

^Ait"

Ar.

'1'lVl'"A'

craft,

shrewdness, cunning, slyness

;

Heb.

nnn

below, lower part of

any

deceitfulness, deceit.

n—

:

"under, inferior, down, below."

T^Y>A?':

adj.

&

s.

crafty, shrewd, cunning,

Is constructed

Yl gn j^c; :

with a preceding Tn:; e.g: 5* : " wn c/er the earth." n fj "jn

sh/, deceptive, deceitful.

2 Thess.
stinging.

iii.

2.

^

Tf^ h

:

s.

& adj. biting,

:

h.C.'^-

^C- n^^:
Vid.

below, or doivn,

on the earth."
him."

"biting serpents."

Num.
s.

xxi. 6.

Rad.

Tf

TnCl^= nih^: "under,
:

inferior to

T3FA: ^PA" ^'f ^: and J"^f adj. inferior, lower, under. Ex. XXV. 31: :jh^^T1: "its lower (part.)"
1"1^?».:
•f^Qz
:rFfi:
s.
s.

^1^?':

Ylrt: Vid.lYllI:: or T^l^•?:
s.

a

floater, rower.

Tf P«l.:

&

ad}, stinging, piercing,

any stinging

or piercing thing.
"stinging

Deut.

viii.

15

:

— I'/^H"!!:
Vid.

resurrection.

Rad.

T5"l:

.Vid.

serpent."

Rad. TfKd."Vid.

rj.'jj^q>_g.q>: and

Tl^.^.:
i^ie

At.jJj Heh.
little,

^'^IPi furnace.

Lev.

^T.E"T

::

ii.4.

adj. small,
s.

minute.

Rad.
viii.

Wrt".
:

•m:
Jer.

s.

Tig. iJrVil-

palate, roof of

tlie

mouth.

trffii^:
ttil^:
thing.

smallness,

littleness,

minuteness;
21

^'i;yt\^: prob. from -fZJtkeVii.

<j.v. s.

^AA:

trop. youth, low state.

Gen.
liis

Yl^f

20.

.S9"C" "from
s.
i.

youth."

•f^^izs.

speaker ; adj. eloquent.

Act. xviii. 24.

'n'I"^^n:
Gen.
^•9s.

that 20.

which moves, any moving

VI'X'X•(•"F:
"^'-

Vid.

J^TJ^T
lie

::

Rad.'rTt'll'rt::
sorcerer.

Vid.

•^^<i.^*: ?iA: Vid. 'r^«5.'^'^ sub
11-

<l,«|»«|>::

«I»rt't*l"l::

I" sleep, to

in the position of a
asleep,'"

•nSi?^
'nrS.'lt':

fm^32:

Zech.

x. 2.

sleeper.

prophecy, prediction. Rad.

Tin P."

T^'t": ^nC,' "he was
to
lull into

"he

slept."
sleep, to

Vid. ill p::

Tvtl'V'Y' caus.
sleep.

cause

to

Tl^^fl:

supporter for the head, an instrument of wood or clay which supplies the It is used by the Abyssiplace of a pillow. and all the surrounding nations, and nians
s.

'VT^'P^iA-.

s.

Eth.

pi.

of 'f >i7*'C:: prodigy,

wonder ; esp. ar^fjiuov, as " mani" of Divine power. festation Rad. ?itro«^:
miracle, sign,

has generally these two forms

Rad.

^
OF WOOD.

Eth. "ostendit," " monstravit."

O^ CLAY.

"i-'^H'H

:

s.

commandment, a
pi.

law,

an

order, in-

junction, precept.

T'KHH'T'::

Rad.

Tl-r^rt:

Vid.T4rt::

See also

nqYi-o^" Tl.!: s.Ar.^^'

V^-

^"^^

Heb. pin

^e

?\HH:: •f^ to leave behind? TYI A V. a. to fix into
: :

Lev. xx. 20.
the ground, to plant ; to
ii.

erect

a

tent,

&c.

Gen.

8.

Ex. xv. 17:

:

TTYlA: ••-mK:
't"rlnA^a)'"^All: "and
them."
'T't'Yl

(

99

)

TVlJi:
a.

.

.

.

f-HVlC:
Johnxv.
1.

thou shall plant

•f^S!^-

planter, gardener.

Rad.

A
s.
s.

:

pass, to be planted, pitched, erected.

TYIA:
plant,

pi.

J^'Y-yiA'V: and i^:^^A•^l'::

TYIA:: T^iiJE: s. partaker, one who has others in a common property.
f-'Ti'}:
8,

a share with
1

Cor. x. 20.

pi.

plants,

and

r/arden.
x. 3.

bug, punice.

"TYI'^A:

wolf.

Luke

Hosea

xiii. 7.

TCD

:

V. a. <o leave, leave off, forsake, to

abandon,

give vp, to yield, abstain from, neglect, remit, to

?iTYl-4: to wink? ^-rlriM.A::

Prov. xvi. 30:

H^i-:

quit.

inf.

fmt(Sn:: txi^^Gen.
vi.

1"1f"-

AA
^

a>'T:
or neck-handkerchief of
act. to

^CDflEA"

"leaving one, he takes
16: 1^J^J^•:
^P^it-.

t^itlfemales.

s.

necklace,

another."

fU:
;

"leave an entire cubit."
left

•"I'^TAlh:
off,

"VYt-ii • V. n. to be hot, to burn
to shoot

burn

off,

" I have

him."
to

a gun, &c ?kTYl-l1: act to heal.
s.

2\flTCD:
Isa.
i.

cans, to cause leaving

make

21.

to cease, to hinder,

prevent the continuance
11 "i^"^:

'rYl^fl : adj. hot.

of

any

thing.

Ezek. xxxiv. 10:

TYiOiM:

accused person, defendant. Vid. Ylrtrt::

Rad.

Xl^^m-nlJ: ^iflT'PTPTAU-:
cause them to leave
off,

"I will

TYlrtrt:

that they shall not
sheep."

''l'1rr"'^"t': s. heat, burnincj, fever.

Gen.
be

viii. 22.

(or

no longer) feed
s.

my

^YlT:

Eth.

TUYlP::

v. n.

to

lazy, idle,
xi. 12

1*(D'A,K': tEw'iJd,

Heb. n'npln family,
Gen.
\i. 9-

loathsom.e, to be weary, to cease.

Deut.

race, generation, age.

>k"IH.?inth.C: A«7«aY10: U-A'IH.:
f'Tt":

^

•t'9)A°'ifi: and 'tqitiP^'S.: SsoAoyog, a theologian.

is

a land which the Lord thy God never weary in visiting."''
"it
is

•VqytflS ^^^ 't<J)A°°l5':
'

SeoXoyla, theology.
striking,

"fPI,'
goring,

s.

&

^^

adj.

piercing, pushing,

2\^Yl't':

act. to tire, to loathe, to

make

lazy,
;

butting.

Ex. xxi. 29:

idle, linear y, to trouble.

RIatth. xxvi. 10

/\

TTT.:
'i-On.'"!'!

n.lT'l:.

"and

if

f\da(D'T''the ox be of a goring
oneself, pride,

trouble

f}n-\; J-JtYX-'V^'X her ?"

^^U--

"

why do

you

(pusliing) nature."
s.

a high opinion of
:

l-YlTA:
TVl't'Yl
:

Vid.
V. a. to
'•

ViTA::
pick up.
act.
to

haughtiness, vanity, ambition, arrogance.

Rad.
"

Eth.
bubble

TO n P
fuit."
s.

" extulit se."

OH P

:

mag-

tvVt'\\'V'f\

up in

boiling.

num

Job

xli.
s.

23.
adj. idle, loathsome,

"t'OnLT"*:

^Vj^:

&

weary;

idler,

arrogant, vain.

&adj. proud, haughty, Gen. x. 9.
for

ambitious,

loiterer.

Rad.

^YlT"

to^^ui^: Eth.

"I'lnVlA: s. equality, uniformity, evenness; symEx. xxxviii. 18. metry, harmony, proportion.

long-suffering.

^y^Yi : Amh. adj. & s. patient, Num. xii. 3. Jonah iv. 2.
Vid.

Rad.T01UJ:
'l*0"lM''r:
s.

QlUJ::
of

"TYIH:

v. n. to be sorry, anxious, careful, trou-

patience, endurance, forbearance.

bled; to care.

Matth. xxvL 37.

J'HA:

V. a.

to bear, to carry, esp.

women
6
:

f

Vill,:

s.

care, anxiety, sorrowfulness, sorrow,

caiTjing their children.

Ezek.
7.

xii.

•>S'

apprehension.
"X^Yl

HAAtl.:
a river in Abyssinia.
Ezek. xxiii. 33.
sorry, troubled,
: :

thou shall carry.

fltcnS': :^
12.

HL :
:

n. pr. Taccaze,
s.

T^'H

sorrow, anxiety, care.

"HK: "carrying on my HA A: he shall carry.
TTflnC:
record,
s-

shoulder."

xJ"

f-Vj^:

s.

&

adj.

one

who

is

Ar. Jl/jo

Heb.p"l3? memorial,
esp.

anxious, afflicted.

Rad. 'fVl

H

monument, memorandum,
o 2

a funeral

'

:

T^A:
repast,

.

.

.-riirr:

(

100

)

•fXS!.^:adj.

1'-

with which

priests,

people, besides the friends

monks, and poor and relatives of

'T^^l*': Rom. i.

&

s.

boastful,

30.

Prov. xxi. 21.

a braggart, vauntcr. Isa. \i. 9. Rad.

the deceased person, are feasted, in order to

t-HKK: Vid.>KK"
'VIJ^G/V
ITHiJ.^li:
heretic.
s.

encourage them to pray for him.

'T^'A: Eth.
fertility,

abundance, affluence, voluptuousness, pleasure, delight, pros.

d'lfjnity,

tum, a fault.
s.

sperity,

p— 71^:
:

an error, mistake, blunder, erraECL% X. 5. Rad. IJ^^i," (1) a doubter, hesitaior, sceptic,
Job xxvii. a
7.

sure," "paradise."

"the garden of pleaGen. ii.8.
guide,
protector.

(2) doubt, hesitation, scepticism, heresy.
xiii. 41.
:

Matth.

:^K^:
It*^*!.:

Vid. ^ri-.:
S.

Tf^T^
T/k.^*:
to watch, to

s.

&

adj.

talker, player, jester.

Rad.

helper,

deliverer,

TJ'R.ffl'r:
s.

Vid.

caCDT::

Ezra

viii. 22.

Ezek. xxxii. 21.

Eur. tapestry.
s.

T;I: v.n. Eth.T^U: Tig. •r'ifh.::
guard, to take care.

Num.

iii.

7

:

^T'hT"
Ezra

fiiH.P'l:
xxi. 20.

Gr. TOTta^wv, topaz, a gem. Rev.

Hl.l^: "and that they
vii. 17.

shall watch."

Matth. xxvi. 33:

-^T-: "watch!"
to rouse,

!•<{.: V. a. Eth.

imp. plur.
'

Mark

vomit.

xiii.

37.

JWIJ-

trs. to

to excite

make or cause to watch, and encourage to watching.
:^•f;3^fl[^:

A^:

T(5.?i: Tigr. tQjl^.: to spit, to Rev. iii. 16: "J^TtlU: HIJ^: Yv "I am to (I shall, will) spue thee."
"if

Lev. XV. 8: fp^i.^r^i l\,ti^S\''V:
spits his spittle

he

2 Chr.

xxiv. 6:

m.^:
guard,

upon

liim."

"to make
watching,

them

ivatch."

txtW^'

caus. to cause splitting or vomiting.
"a.

'"l-n-U: Eth. adj.
Tvatchfid,

&

pa!j^flT4.: av^-^\j\-:
s.

medicine

pi. •TfT-*!'?::

which causes

spitting or vomiting,"'

"a voits

careful;

watch,

icaichman,

mitive," "emetic."

guardian.
•Jrlti-

Dan.

iv. 13. 17.

Vid.

07A::
reproof, chastisement, punishment,

t^'

particle

of

spitting,

expressive of

sound, constructed

wth

?\A::

'"rfj.:

?iA:

•X-IW- Vid. O'llU::
•J""|U{}5-:
s.

aud 'T^: ""T^:
'"t'ij.'l"^ s.
ii.

KA:

to spit, spue.

spittle,

the spitting, vomiting, vomit.

discipline, education.

Rad.

TlUK::
(i)

^1d„:
sinia,

n. pr.

tTgre or ti^gre.

Tigre Proper,

2

Pet

22.

the chief province of the NE. part of Abysin which the ancient capital of all

tvV£L,'X'&,' V. n. to be over-curious, saucy, impertinent,

Abyssinia,

Axum, and
is to

the commercial town
(2) the

and to act so
Vid.

;

synonymous with

of Adowa, are situated.

whole part of

^vT-nT-n:
^4,'i:
s.

>n>n::

Abyssinia which
Taccaze.

the east of the river

Ar.

—Mo

apple.

TlC^:
^;jh
:

adj.

&

s. I'igric,

Tigrean.

s.

&
^-

adj. patient, enduring, long-suffering,
i.q.

forbearing;

T»^^^:

1-^-

'P

TTlC-

business, work, affair,

employment,

3''E TSH.IwT {tsh letter), the twelfth letter of the Amharic alphabet. Its pronunciation nearly like tsh, or better like the consonant y behind the t e.g. ^PA : is pronounced tyala, so as not completely, to sibilate like Ludolf lias properly given this protshala.
is
;

occupation.

Gen. v. 29. xxxix. 1 1. Ezek. xvi. "idleness." 4d. 'V'l^lC.- o"^:^'"l' : "leisure,"
:

tin 4
tD't"guard.
s-

Q."^-

"

'^^^''^

"

'• 'J-

^^"^^ "
the

^'^•
watch,

in*i: Eth.
'^^

watching, vigilance;

nunciation by

tj

in Latin

;

which in English,

flfT:

Vid.

75T:

of course, would not liave answered. Tins letter, which is not existent in the Etliiopic,

: :

spA:
is

••^Affit':

(

101

)

H'O"^y Eth.tC:
s.

^fi'f 14=
Tig.
id.

Amharic often formed by the accession of the i sound to the t; e.g. ^Vj^-: for ^Vi't;: "an idler."
in the

SPC:

and TtlC"

^r.

yi~

good, kind, benign, benevolent, bountiful.

SpA:

part, of neglect or contempt.

^C^t"tfJYli^:
nail

goodness,

kindness,

charitableness,

:

f\fi-

benignity, benevolence, bounty.
V. a. to nail, to transfix

Gen. xxiv.
with

49.

"to neglect," "to slight!^ "to despise." Gen. XXV. 35: t\i*l(D'9n: ?iA-T: -OYlX " find Esau despised his primogenifOP'i

nails, to

^A:

up.

Ps. xxii. 16:

1h'9jli':

'•

.

ture.'

Ps. xxii.

1

:

A9ni: ^A: ?iATl^
mc?"
xxviii.
1

'fYn^^: and my feet."
Yifi^Yn^'
be nailed.
'^•1,'f\C,- Tig.

"they have nailed (me),
to be nailed.

my

Ihlda'i: hands

"why
•f A:

hast thou neglected

Pi^riA^: "do

not neglect me."

T'f'iVl*^: pass,

caus. to cause to nail, to cause to

•fl'l'A^: "if thou neglect me."

^fi:
can.

V. a.

Eth. YtiifV-.

Tig.

^>»A.: and

m^C"
?

s.

nail.

"?l"i«i,A.::

Heb.

7D''t to be able, strong, mighty,

IhA-T: PO^^^'A: "one who can
things," "Almighty."
1

'^'\\

^\&X.' ^Tx^d^:

'^^ plague, pestilence.

Ex.

v. 3.

Ps. XXXV.

7.

do

all

Sam. xv. 25

:

f Y>"A: V. n. to be quick, hasty.
•t^Yl-A: to do quickly, to hasten, to speed. ^ifl^TrhA: trs. to hasten on, to speed, Gen. xix. 15. accelerate, to make hasten.
to

J-'ACD': "now overcome, bear with (be stronger than) my sin."

hU-IT": :Jm.?v'tT:

TS'A:
ble for

v. n. to be possible.

Gen.
"'<

xlv.

1

:

A_^
ii.

1M': ?\A'r5PA(D'9^:
him

mq*

not possi-

^YlA:
Num.
'T^lri'-A:

s.
iii.

peg of a
37.

tent,

&c.

i.q.

an^Y^^::
expeditious.

to refrain himself."

Dan.

47

:

Ji«l:

lo^m.Q: AtronC:
because
it

T^/V-'fl
say

adj. speedy, hasty,
:

quick,
:

Af:
"it
is

"

was

p)Ossible to thee to

Eccles. vii. 9

A«l»'-"1:

J'vt'lhT: "be

(explain) this

mystery." ?\.E|FA i9": not possible for me," " I cannot."
:

not hasty to anger."
T"Yl-°A
ness,
:

s.

speediness, hastiness, celerity, quickhaste.

'fJ'J'A

recipr. to bear ivith one another, to

speed,

.Deut. xvi. 3

:

P'^T^Vh-A

tolerate each othir. Gal.

vi.2*:

'^^C;!'!-:

flC

'i\^g^.: Yl'TDM'C:

H^VhA: (DTTH
thou earnest
e.g.

^A:) "and
?\fl^A:
PhiLiv. 13:

i^>f5j,7n: t'^^J'A': (better than bear with one another."

^^

Af:

"the bread of

haste, for
hasfe.'^

forth out of

Egypt in

caus. to cause to be able, to enable.

Y^(D':

suff.

3d pers. plur.

WT^Oy"beat them."

flli-A-Tn: (better U-A-'iO

"their house."

ooj-^CD^: "he
able,

^^AAlh:
A^;
f'An.E:
s.

nllCfit-il: ntn^^fiT' "I can do all tilings through Christ
neglecter,
slighter,

r^dh:
^_p:
iii. s.

"they are."
adj.

&

powerful, mighty.

Matt.

which enableth me."

9.

Rad. 5^ A::
be poor, miserable, needy, wretched,

negligent, despiteful.

despiser ;

adj.
is

•pi^:
i.q-

V. n: to

:

VSi-:

"he

a

distressed,

impers.

to

give trouble, to perplex,

neglecter" " s%/(<er," " does not mind." Rad.

7\ti^ld.::

TOT: ^ld.1,:
"

"vfhat trouble

=rA:?iA::

is (that) to

me ?

^A"^:

s.

Tig.

5l"?»A°'T"

power,

might,

T^Tt^:

V. n.

& pass, to be troubled, distressed,
&c.
Lev. xxv. 25
sold

strength, faculty, ability.

ivretched, poor, needy,
:

^gi-vV- s. & adj. i.(/.'^An.E:: Act xiii. 4 1 "behold, ye T^B: "X.AI^: ^e\-V'f-l-.
despisers ! "

"if he be in distress,

and have

any

Pro v.

xiii. 15.

tiling of his inheritance."

JpA'E'-

itlcni.

?\fl^T^:
2 Chr. xxix. 12.
afflict;

trs.

to

trouble, distress,

perplex,

^A(D^:i9-^A°^.:

e.g.

ytl'^I^V^^'

"it distresses

::

:

^vJO- •:j^a:
me," "gives

(

102

)

:JJ?A:..-f:

me

pain,"

"I

find it difficvilt."

powers, authorities (i^ovaiai), miracles {Svvdfj-eti).

^'^C^

^-

poverty, distress, pain, difficulty.
s.

Dan.
s.

iv. 35.
;

'^Pd.V^6„:
s.

&

adj.

poor, miserable, distressed;

3J?A:

a strong man, hero, giant

adj. strong,

wretched.
herpes,
s,

mighty, powerful, robust.

pl.^jyAT". 2 Sam.

dry

scab.

Deut
killed

xxviii. 27.

xxiii. 9.

^^V:
Shoa

TsiiuFAWA, a bracelet of silver, which

3^Ai":
:3H'}:

adj. strong, mighty, poiverful, valiant.

soldiers, in

enemy

more than one war, are permitted to wear on the
_p::
It is

who have

s. i.q.

ihWi: and 2\HT:
&c.

grief, afflic-

tion, repentance,

Rom.

v. 3.

upper arm, besides the onj^f^p
lesser distinction than Pt^PjJ.:

a

JfK:
23.

Eth.

s.

Heb. NtSH
pi.

Ar.

and fl.'J'T::

^U.

sinner,
xviii.

impious, wicked,

^TJ\T::
i.

Gen.

Ex.

ix.
s.

27.
sin,

Ps.

1.

-}:

If^gti: harm, the thirteenth letter of the
alj)liabet. Although in the Tigre sounds differently from U : and (h

Amharic
dialect it

3flX?\"V: Gen. iv.

imjnety,

wickedness,

vice.

7.

3fn,?i't"?': adj.
vicious; sinner.

&

s.

sinful,

tuicked,

impious,

in the

Amharic no
to

Gen.

xiii. 13.

difference is observable in

pronunciation:

distinguish

it,

however,

:Jd.<^=
jii-

P'^-'i-

Amh. h&,d.:

q-v.

Heb.

lEn

Ar.

from

both, it is called -nH-:}!: 'J: or the h used in the word bezuhan.

"pudore ductus

fuit." " they

2Chr. xxx. 15:
were ashamed, and

^^(^Qy*: 'T'^KlV:
sanctified."
'}^<^-*t':

^A:

post- positive particle, treated as a subthe

stantive, signifying
'

back or after-part. Connected with a preceding preposition, it

and ;J^<^'*t':
disgrace,

s.

shame,

bashfulness,

shyness, modesty, pudicity, pudenda, nakedness,

forms other adverbs or prepositions;

niA:

after, afterwards, behind.

Q)g:

e.y.

ignominy,

infamy, contumely.
i::

Ps.

xxxv. 26.

backioards.

niA(I>":

"after him."

\\\y-

tkt: tT: fliA:
^'C=

"after two days."
"

Yl1»

i:

IMfl: NAHAS, the fourteenth

letter of the
r

n^A:

"after mid-day,"

in the after-

Amharic
joined to

alphabet.
it, it

When
is

the

sound

is

iii. 8. (D^: "X^'- ?»A: "to go backwards,^' trop. " to retract a given decla-

noon," Gen.

often

changed into

"^:; e.g.

ration

or promise," "to come short," "be

for A^^li,: "Ijeggar." anomalous verb substantive of which only I:
;

Ai"J^:

befiind."

Gen. xxxiv. 19
icas not

:

'fiA'DfJ°:

the present tense of the indicative
ffl^:
existing,

mood

is

iA: ?iAA9":^A't-T:^.i:0:H'JJ^:
"

and the youth
adj.

behind in doing wiiat

and that with personal terminations as are a mixture of nominal suffix(,'s and
verbal afformatives.

they told him."

^Qp: "he

is;" f-"l-:

^A?*:
Gen.

&

s.

fem. ^aJ'B.'I'" the posterior,
subsequent,
latter,
last.

(Shoa

V-"t^:)

"she is;"

W:

"thou (masc.)

hindmost, foUoiring,
xlix. 26.
^*

Matt. xx. 16.

art;" \T\: "thou (fem.) art;" Yin "lam." £^a^-- "they are;" i'-'f-U-: "you (pi.) are;"

^•^C-

^hame, iynominy, infamy, cordumely,
Ps. xxxv. 26.

H: "we
\,:
\^:

are."

imper. plur. of the verb ovn\:: come!

turpitude.

rhT*™: and Tv'V°^: q-v. ^^tn^: s. the printer, sealer. Ar. 'iy-an: and
•JT9":
v.a. Iq.

imp. sing. fem. of the same A^erb, come (thou Is more generally written 'i^:: woman) f : (1) by itself, imp. sing. masc. of oDri|:
!

come (thou man)

!

(2) as
it is

enclyticon between

^^A:

s.

Ar. ^}s».

Heb.

TH power,
pi.

strength,

two nouns or verbs,

a conjunction, and ;

mif/ht, fortitude, force, capacity,

;;J^A'T:

interchanges with •?«.: e.g.

Yl.^ir: 'Ml<'

)UA:

l"|:

(

103

)

M*H:

.

.

rCRft:

OD^?j: "a
T.g)CT.fl9°: ^"ornA" lhA^(D'7": H 1J^: A.rt<.r: A."9<.: f^Oh:: "kiddan (anrf) CKHRU, (and) berru, and haTla maryam are at hand, and walda georgis will come an3
;

present," as the delivery of a
is

present to a superior
this

accompanied with

IWf: "to gain a victory," "to conquer," "to overcome," "van-

ceremony.

J^A:

quish."
?il**t
:

2 Chr, xxvii.
a. to
lift

5.

they

all

are to

work and
:

to study together."

up, to raise, to erect, set vp.

(3) particle of causality
as, since,
tlie

for, because, whereas,

Gen.xiii.10:

t^^^T: flVH:

T.H.: "when

&c.

Is

always affixed to the end of

he

lifted

vp his eyes."

verb which expresses the cause or reaV.

•t'Ti'Jf:

pass.

&

n. to be raised, erected, lifted

son; e.g. Matt.

3—10: AC'^^fl)': i'lf:
fl<5.:

"for to them belongs/' "theirs is" &c.
"

n'H'T-'flf Af: (royooi-l- T^^^ti'^'JO: whereas I have much to do, I cannot come."
:

Vich-^tf- Yl^O'^'T: 1" \ui: "Christ teas raised, is risen, from the
:

tip; to rise, stand
to revolt.

up;

to originate;

—n

dead."
fl''!':

1

Cor. xv. 20.

Gen.

iv.

8

:

fluj
"which i.e. "on
'

—T

enclyticon (1)

When

affixed to nouns, it is

"stood up against him."

Ps. xxxviii.

a sign for the accusative case; e.g. nJVinJiPlh: " I have seen thy house." It is often
omitted
;

3:
rose

V]«|»^nri«:

^^: PT\^:
Ps.
ii.

from the face of thine anger,"
2
:

but where a mistake would be ocit must be put. any part of speech, it is used as
e.j/.

account of thine anger."

YI^^T

casioned by the omission,
(2) Affixed to

9°^Crose,^^

't'lUJ': "the kings of the earth

" revolted"
to

an interrogative particle;
thou very well ?
"
date-tree.

J^tHTAtn"
well? art

tytlVH'. cans,

make stand up,
rouse

to raise, erect.

>»S'Ti: KUr: lU: "art thou

Gen. xlix.9:
:

o^l:

^^AA: JPfliwiaV:
him up?" I^TH.
from the
Ezek.
raised Christ

H'ijf "who can
"10)':
"

)y A:

s.

Ar.

J^c
s.

Wfl: and fft:
brass.

God hath
and

Ar. ^^\:£ Cliald.

UJll? co'pper,

dead."
?»l**f "|:
id.

to excite, to occasion.

rU-^:
Prov.

Ar. Xiiy^U nakhoda, captain of a ship.
xxiii. 34.

viii.4:

^lOi^-j;
jLuJ
17.

pan^^ u|U|:

"which

excited jealousy."

llfhri: NAHAS5E, the twelfth
siniaris,

month

of the

Abys-

^**IQ.: Ar.
Deut. xiv.

(

a bird resembling the swallow.

begins on the 5th or 6th of August.

IT^C:
-ipj
iv. 8,

a"<l

VnC,:

s.

Tigr. \-n6::
pi.

Ar.^" Heb.
'

r«i:

V. n.

Eth.

\m.:

Tig. in*?;.: "sedit,
to be.

maninf.

leopard.

Eth.

Txi'U^Cjt-i

Cant.

sit."

to dwell, to

remain, to reside,

orofC: "the remaining;"
dence,"

"dwelling;" "resi-

"i^Dj^f: Ar. 'LlijJ Germany.
-Jijroi^*^: Ar. Jj.UJLi a

often

for

oo{°(;|jp;;

imper. i^Cflll't':

masc. i^i:

fem.

pi.

V<^:

remain,

German.
Tig. hf^lS."

\\xi:

v. a.

Eth. \tMK:'.

Heb.

1>C*PA: "he dwells in his house." ?»r^: act. to make remain, to place,
to establish.

to

put;

t^toi.

(1) '0 lift up, to raise.

(2) to refuse, not

io\jrant.

Gen.

xvi. 2:
:

"ATKJ'i'nrh.C:
"Ag-: i^l: "to
"the
is

A
re-

^T
one's
inf.

:

T[Ji^'f"?'Af

"

whereas God hath

f^.: (1) Ar. Ijj, lime, chalk. (2) Nora, name of an island in the Red Sea near Massowa.

fused

me

children."
(a

kiss

rCP:

'^nd

"/hfCy-. NAREA, the westernmost

hand"

mark

of respect to superiors),

of those countries surrounding Abyssinia of

yx^:

oii'5U|-"|':

kissing

one's

which any thing

is

known

in Europe.

hand."

Fi'om this root

derived

Tt'^:

rCRfl:

Gr.

votpooi,

mrd, spikenard; both the

:

ICfi,!:
shrub, and the
xiv. 3.
oil

-TiTA:
extracted from
it,

(

104

)

X,^f\())fl:

.

.

.

im.:

Mark

and

fall

into the sea."

Cant.

i.

12.

l.*A<pf|:
idem.
Yli^'i.q.

n. pr.

N»co\aof, Nicholas.
s.

IC.R.T: ^'a"tftts.

i^- 14.

l^«¥>/\*^: adj.

&

Nicolaite, NicolaUic.

Rev.

(1) contr.
iv. 22.

from

copper,

brass.

ii.

6.

Gen.
^fl«^l:

Jj^^::

(2) a tvull. Lev. xiv. 37.

vrqfl: and

oo'}

i«|»rt: V. a. (of

the hair of the head) or plait
it.

to

dress the

hair, esp. to curl

Isa.

iii.

Eth.
xiii.

repentance,

penitence,
"hjP.l.:

penance.

C17«:
it

no«Tl>fi:
Isa. xix. 9.

<5.1S:r:

X'}^ (rol">l-r:
:

24

Hosea

14: 'jftai:

Tri(Dr^"T':

" instead of the frizzling the hair, the tearing

repentance

in:
do

inf.

Tflfh: ^ft»h: oro"n-V: "to repent,"" "to
is

hidden from

my eyes."

out."

TH'rt:
T*!*^:
s.

pass.

repentance,'" "penitence," "penance.""
"repent.'""

Matt.
"peni-

J'ini'I'rt: eaus.

iii.Silfl'h: "in-:

Plflrli: ?in

contempt, despite, disdain, disregard.

^:
^fIC=

" father confessor."

P^fIr^l:

AJ^:

Mark

vii. 22.

Cant.

viii.

7:

'i'p-'fi: ^I'Ji
will

tent,""

"one wlio confesses

his sins."
eay^e,

^A:

"as for contempt, they

contemn

s.

Ar.^
S^^^

Heb.'^^5
"

vulture.


di-

him."
J<|>^«|>: V. n. to shake, tremble, vibrate.
trs. to shake, make tremble, M'i'\'P'. a. cause vibration or shaking.

fflC^l*- "

eagle,""

a large species of eagles.
eagle"s

P'itlC.:

Vn^:
xi.

an

wing."
scatter,

&

Irt^rt: or
sperse.

IDUiUJ:
21

v. a. to
:

sf.reir,

J\oiujj«?a: IhlrtflO': (1 constr. 3d pers. pi.) " strewing ashes" (upon

Matt.

T\i^\'i':

act.
ii.

to

shake.

Matth. xxvii. 39. Matth.
vi. 19.

Lament,
i'p'H:
s.

15.

tlieir

heads).
pass.

rust, corrosion, fretting.
to corrode, fret,
:

TSrtirt:
to 1

&

refl. to

be strewed, scattered;
oneself.

strew or scatter

any thing upon

i'l>H: v.n. Ex. XXV. 5

to

moulder, decali.
:

ptnj^Y^Tl XTllL'-'r
:

"

wood

Sam.

iv. 13.
to

which does not
cause or order strewing,

moulder.""

J^fllrt^ri: eaus.
""^

Jii^H:

act. to fret, corrode, cause to

moulder,

scattering, dispersing.

and decay.
to

Matt.

vi.

19:

VFH7":

fflK

^13»: v.n. Eth.

^^U:

Tig. '/^»I.:

awake.

t"l5?i^H(D': "where
bring
it

(the rust) shall not

Gen.

xxviii. 16.
trs.

to decay.""
?
'
t-

?iH»:
x'xiv.

to

rouse, excite, produce.

Num.

J8j»--fi)

:

s.

Ar. 1

a

!
>

'i

a point, spot,

blot.

Gen.

13:

aqr:fa^^«7D: YlAH.:
"or rousing

hn
(pro-

XXX. 32.
i'l><5.: V. a.

4>^:

"XnC: H^^:

to rep/rove,

reproach, upbraid, find

ducing) any thing from my " to speak any thing from my

heart to speak,"

fault with, to scold, to blame.

Matt.
Ex.

xi. 20.

own mind."

Tl'I'd.:

pass.

&

n.

to

he

blameaUe,

to

be
''t'\

'V\^

pass, to be ivakened, roused, excited.

blamed;

to mistake, 8iC.

xviii. IS:

f ^»:

V. a. Tig.

TOi*&:

to despise,

contemn, dis-

•r4.AtJr: "for thou
mistakes."

wilt

be liable to

dain,

scorn, slight.

Gen.

xvi. 4.

Cant.

viii. 7.

Lev.

v. 3.

Tr^t*: pass,

to be despised, Sec.
to root out,

i^A:
"to

V. a.

Ar. Jii' " transportavit,"

^n: s. Eth. lUn: inAHA: flame.
s.

Tigr.

lun.:

bee.

pxdl up, transplant, transpose. Cfl'I'T: \^t\:
disinherit."

\l\^: verb, defect, he was.

\t\d^^' she
(f<5i"-)

ivas.

Gen.

xiii.

18:

^^Xli'5:

"kDCSi- (masc.) YflCiT"-

'/'««

««*'•

i4»A: "broke

off his t-cnt."

inCU-- I
23:

ivas.

\n^:

ihey were.
cf.

Ifi^.Vf.

Til' A:

pass.

&

refl. to be rooted out, pulled

U-: you were.
ln«'.:

up. transplanted, &c.

Mark xi.

Ti*

iflOand Amh. ft^::

"'^ ^oere.

the Eth.

In connection with
often used to

AU:

(VS.-

n«^C: (D^R^-

"^' rooted out

other preceding verbs,

it is

form

:

Yno--Vnthe indicative and the subjunctive
e.g.

(

105

)

Tl'h:...iii7":
or taken.
iv.

the imperfect and pluperfect tenses, both in

•t'lV]: pass, to be touched,

mood;

ixflV^
to

'•

caus. <o cause being touched, to cause 2

John

i.

35

:

qiqo: ^flC: "was standing."
"Jiere placed."
9:

touch or take.

Kings

4

:

Ylt^lV:

ii.6:

•fPf^inayay- in<.:
"were
knowing,"

JPilU-: inc.- "were holding."

yo^li:

KftiYl,: ^JqS:Ja^^: lhA-1: "/rf every jar take of it," or lit "cause eveiy jar <o
fo/[-e

known," "knew." 2 Pet. ii. 21: ^^IaT^O^: itlCS": "for it would have been better for them."

inC=

"had

of

it."

iln*^: V.
tate.

make wet, to wet, to moisten, humecLuke xvi. 24 OOh^: iYiC: "wetting
a. to
:

with water."
Tf'fl

d/V

'

s. stale,

constitution, condition, situation,

"TlYl*^: pass,

to

be wetted, moistened.

disposition,

poivers, faculties,

vxalth.

Prov.

" ?».iTn <^: to gaze at.

xxi. 3.

inil:
22:

V. n. to

Rad. 111*^: Eth. sound, be pronounced.

i\tl\'nd.i caus. to cause or order wetting,
Jer. xl^i.
"its

moistening.

J^^nOT: XlK: l^q-ll: £\nA:
y. a. to read.

lYl (*l :

V. a. fo bite, to sting.

Gen.

xlix.

17

:

<5_<^

voice shall sound like a serpent's."

ff-Ti?":
:

Jil^ilA: "and

he shall bite the

Mnn-.

Ex. xxiv. 7

PvinOA
vi.
i.

horse."

^fly": "read to them."

Deut
Ps.
x.

7:

^i

TiTn rt

:

pass. <o be bitten, or s/wngr. eaus. <o cause biting or stinging.

OTAU
yi-n
^f|: "Tinn:
Eth.
:

:

"thou shalt read."

2:
:

poi^
"hTi^

?in^Yl f\ :
iay-;heis.

"

who

reads.'"

Luke
cf.

26

IMTAU:
V.

"how

readest thou."

IT:
"

id.

Vid. i:: used esp. in asking, e.g.
is it

"Hl^^:

\<p:

pass, to be read.

Lud. in Lex.

how

?"

2

Sam.

iv. 11.

s.

Iffli^: v.n. fo be shameful, disgraceful, infamous,

TT'O:
I'fl'^
:

s.

the reading; original text, opp. to

^Q,

vile.

l.rfu : " translation."

?^i(D4=
shoot.

a- '"
1.

dishonour, to affront, disgrace,
iii.

Ar. e:,uJ germ, bud, first

Hosea
Ar. ^^i
1

insult.

Pet.

16,

viii. 7.

itl^--

s.

fern.
pi.

M19.-P:
in.
J?'!':

Heb. «^23
Ex. xv. 20.

'V\(S)d,: pass, to be dishonoured, disgraced, &c. ?i.flla><^: caus. to dishonour; esp. <o ravish,

prophet,

Sain.

X. 5: ri'5Tn'"C= 5n.JP""l": prophets" i.e. "loaf-sugar."

"sugar of the

ICD'C^

Gen. xxxiv. 2. shame, infamy, disgrace, impropriety, fault, offence. Ex. xii. 5. xxix. 1.
violate, defile.
s.
s.

"Tin P
5'V:
s.

:

V. n. fo

prophesy.

i(Sid.V:

Eth. VTt'O: "tentorium ex pellibus," Lud.
sl-in

infamous;
wretches."

&adj. shameful, disgraceful, vile, base, tvretch. 2Pet. ii. 13; >ir«^^(J).:

Tig. i't"*^: unfanned

of a cow or an
Al.

ox.

CVr-r'^?:

iCD^f^:

"they are uncbln

XfV^^Y^f:

Lat. nitrum, nitre.

PHlt^^:
sing. fem.

cp-fD*: " salt of

gun-powder."
:

i(Dm and
:

50) K:
to

v. a. to stir, move, shake.

in Shoa instead of {"!"
Ti-T'
:

3d pers.

ti(D(U:

be shaken, stirred.

of idp :: >iC;fl*P :

"s'le is."

Isa. xxxii. 7.

trCDm:
quake
;

pass.
a.

&

n. to be shaken, to shake,

{">i^':

s.

Eth. unleavened bread.

n*^A:
xix.

to

shake.

Deut. xxxiv. 7

:

" feast of unleavened bread."
'fVj
:

Luke
Gen.

xxii. 1.

ntJgo: J^A-rrCDT?": "and his power
was
'^vii

>A
Acts

V. a. to touch

;

to take.

8

:

2\'^

not shaken."
act.
to

Tf^^fl)': "do not touch them." xxvi.29: "/x'iPMyW: "as we have not touched."
imp.
tale.
s.

?ir(Dm:
13:
stirred

move, shake,

stir.

rifp^-jgii: 2\r(Dm.: "they

masc. VkTil
1

Cor.

xi.

fem. /\lVl.: pl.^iTh-: Col. u. 21 24. ?v'>1"h:
:
:

up the people."

\^^:

Ar. |.Uj

Amh. fl1^:

or tlt-'i:

s.

"fouc/t not."

ostrich.

Lev.

xi, 16.

; :

1H<^:

-fK:
Ps.
cl. 4.

(

lOG

)

1J&:
s.

.

.

^J^e:

*^H.^:
f"H/5,T:

or

>^^H^:
Acts xxii.

l^:

sheaf, garbe.
a.

n. pr. Nazareth.
8.

WWd^'t^'. "Nato

\^t\. : V.
open.
•iJ't':
i.e.

to bore, drill,

Gen. xxxvii. 7. Ps. cxx\'i. 6. make a hole, to break

zarcne."

fHiJkSE: s. & adj. Nazarite, one devoted God by a vow. Lament, iv. 7.

Matth. \± 19: ^^A(D': Q)R"^tiC. "boring (breaking in) where they steal,"
steal."

"where they break through and
:

IHlH: V. a. to urge, constrain,
importunitij ; to vex.

necessitate,
:

ask with

'TIKA

pass, to be bored, &c.
hole, esp.

lKW^fl>*:
them."

"

Gen. xix. 3 "^^"IT^ and he urged strongly on
(\Gt'\
ye vex

5^A

:

s.

a

such as

is

made by

boring.

Eccl. xii. 3:

miS^ACD''?": ptni""AYl1':

Job xix. 2: >kflYl: tro^: •tl: •"MHIHA^-U-: "how long do

Jl.CSi^i'^tt-: "those that look out through

the hole shall be darkened."

Amos

iv. 3.

(my humanity) me?"
"T^iHlK: pass, to be urged^ constrained, &c 'TiH'SH: intens. to urge vehemently, impetuously.

*«K"Kt»brick,

"*••'*•

iofold, to fold up.

^J^*t>: V. a. to mure,
inf.

build with stone, clay or
the

owj,^<por clay.
'^

muring &c. a wall of

Lukexi.8: VjoioiHiH-: PTi"l:

stone, brick

" because of his importunity."

TiK^"
asks with

P^^*

^^ mured, &c.
to

1,HV1

:

Ar. cJ^'
s.

YxiW^'P'
s.

caus.

have mured,

to

cause

javelin.

muring, &c.

YHi'H'

trouhler, molester, one

who

^E't-

^'

inti^on,

bricklayer,

one that mures,
indigent, pauper.

importunity.

Prov. xiv. 29.

builds with stone, &c.

infill:

s.

idem.

f HH:
to be
1

V. n.

& act.

to hear

of a confession of sin

;

TiS,^' ^^ipi. Eth.
\g_S.'^'-

& poor, destitute, i^yi" Ps. x. 18.
s.

a faiher Tim. V. 10:

confessor;

to comfort, console.

°- ^° burn.

Ps. ex. 4:

h^lgd^yn

Y^HI-V^'-f-'i:
Lev.
v.

InrHH^:
3: 3fll.?i

yj;

"it does not burn him," impi-operly for

" if she

have comforted the
to confess sins.

afflicted."

TfHH:
"PI:

?»JPTnn'"r9": "he will not repent of it." Yk\RR- ^ct. to burn, set on fire, to light or
kindle a fere. " for burning."

^fHTf: "let him confess his sin." iJohni. 9: n:}«l.?kJ'^''J: fllFHTf: "if we confess our sins."
tHH.:
s.

Gen.

xxii. 3:

ti^'i^K'Ex. xxiv. 17.

Tf KK^j^_^:
s.

iiitens. to

burn

briskly.

confession of sins.

*

the burning,

esp. febrile heat, fever,

IHJC:

s-

confessionary, father confessor,

the

ague.

clergyman who

hears confession of sins and

iSL.R"-

iiif-

Eth. of

i^R:

the burning.

Isa.

pronounces absolution.

xliv. 19.

5^:

V. a.

Eth.

"k^h." Tigr. Ti^'h,:: Heb.
push;
to drive on, to
:

mJ

iy^A,' V.
xxi. 8:

a.

to

hit,

to pierce, to sting.

Num.
Ihtf.

Ar,

_jJ

to drive, to

make

?iC'BVa:

Pl^^^^d^OP:
the serpent stings."

" every one

whom

go on,

to propel.

Gen. xxxi. 26

ij^ir-FO)':

•t*iK'5.: pass, to be pierced, stung, transfixed;

them away." Ex. iii. 1 "and he drove the sheep.'" ni'¥''59'": 1S= on, &c. Acts "TIK: P^ss. to be driven, pushed viii. 32: 'ih-iy,: m-. tiSdS:- I'iS: "like a sheep was he driven on to be
" thou hast driven

trop. to stick to
here.
1

any thing or person,
xi. 1:

to

ad-

Kings

n^irhH-Il:

l\-?"''T^:

"TiKA,- "adhered," "was addicted to the women of the Heathen." Cant ii. 5:0^,

*<." Ti^lUPAU-r: "for
with His love."

I

am

stung

slaughtered."

f^: non

occ.
'^-

'}^^:
^°^^ suddenly,
to-

s.

the piercing, stinging;

the working

TfK=

°- ^^ f°^^

tumble

with sharp and pointed instruments, esp. en-

down,

to fall to ruins.

graving &c.

1

Kings

vii. 31.

:

;

Y\:
Y): and l^:
iUf: (1)
s.

ild.:

(

107
to

)

hFldi'.

i:]fi

v. n. to be

or

to

become morning,

be day-break.
(a) the earliest

part of the morning,

?iO«i"- caus. to make speak, cause to speak. Actsxvi.l6: pii^jpn^.-"r9»: «^"1«5. fl: in 41 'I': "and a spirit which made
her speak,

from TT""t': which day-break. tlie whole time from day-break (^^ :) means
It

differs

was in her."
inf.

f^d.ing,

n. to speak,

trof^Jf^: the speak-

to forenoon

(<^<f.JI^:)-

W

the following day.

speech.

Gen.

viii.

15

:

^Ul: -rfl

(2) adv. (a) early in Vie morning, at day-break, Eth. YlU:: Tigr. i;}U':: (b) to-morrow.

djSi-'. >»'J5^y7": Ih-tL®^- "he spoke io Noah, and said thus."

e-^-^3- W^'X*?!"!: "let us rise very 1^: TT^': "to-morrow morning."

early.""

't'f jfT^' recipr.
other,

&

reiter. to speak to each

to

have a mvdual conversation with
to

f I: non occ. 2\n: V. a.
joint.

each other /
to dislocate, to

speak

often.

James

iv. 1

1

wrench, put out of

(not ?k.e5:nC- as in y^CSi-. the text, but) i\'>01<.-- "do not speak

nC/l^U-:

i-T

:

s.

NUG, a leguminous plant with a yellow

against one another."
converse (about

3 John 15: ?i^:
shall

cross-flower,

from the seeds of which, resemoil is

A^"?": 'Kli^^l&.tirk- "and we
it)

bling turnip-seed, a certain

pressed,

mouth

to mouth."

which

is

better than sperm-, but not so
is

good

YJC,-

s.

word, speech, discourse, subject, thing

as olive-oil, and
NUG, nug-oil.

called

^"1:

!•"!: k'eba

(something, any thing, things), matter, business,
affair, cause, account,

Tigr. i,lh"l::
^^-.t

&c.

[Is

of so extensive

nt):

Eth.

s. i.q.

Gen.

xix. 15:

nugo:

a signification as the Hebrew

"O^ and

the

nTTn<5.'t": T.lt: "and when the day-break was opened," i.e. "when the morning dawned."
1

Greek

p^fxa.]

YIC,-

Ti

" but."" " Gen.

ii. 6.

i^&-

Chron.
s.

xxiii. 30.

s. i.q.

:

'Vi'!3&' speaker, orator. ?i*P^: "herald," an officer of Government, who

V]A>:

glutton,

an enormous
or become king.

eater.

Vid.

has to proclaim the orders of the king in the
streets

and in the markets.
s.

YiW-

"V.

n. to be

Gen. xxxvi.

5^^'^:

large drum, kettle-drum.

It is used

30, 31.

in churches, in public festivities, and in the
trs. to

?iniU:

make a

king, to raise one to
xlv. 9.

army

:

in the latter, only a

Governor of a

the royal dignity.

Gen.

improperly
king," in-

?i^^^^fA^:
vernor^''

"has made
Ixxxiv,

me
9.

province, who is called J^^: ?i'H'^^: " Dedj Azmatsh," is allowed to have the nagarcet playing before him and if he has more than one province under his jurisdiction, he has an additional nagareet for each
;

stead of ^\-VP^£%.^: "has
Ps. XX. 9.

made me
cv. 15.

go-

"Yl'^*^'- NEGUS, adj. verb,

kinged; hence subs.

Ung.
xiv.

pi.
1, 5.

Eth.ilM'^': and YipJ-^^i Gen.
Ps.
ii.

2.

Thus the Abyssinians have their Dedj-azmatshotsh of two,' three, or four nagaprovince.
reets
as the Ottoman Empire has of one, two, or three horse-tails.
;

•jo|;lu/j.; negest, fem. of
xlv. 9.

ll-M^:: queen.

Ps.

its

Pashas

Matth.

xii. 42.

Y\d,- v-a. to say, to tell, to speak, inf. ooili^:: constructed with and without the A: of the person to whom one speaks; e.g. Ex. xxv. 1
tufxPJi.'h.ti.: Aj^^-:

YldXi^fl:
but

s-

& adj.
Num.
regent,

talker, tattler, prattler, talkative

person.
s.

xx. 10.

^^C:
A'ii.

"fe^^the child-

it is

i.q. "Yhf": "king;" not used, except in connexion with

properly

ren of

Israel."

Joshua

19:

^^^TfTl

ndiC"

n^O 53 h: "BaherNagash,"
Had.

title

(Sp-ypi; yjC: ^^4,^ : "and the thing which 2 Chron. xx. 2. thou hast done, tell me."
XXXV.
3.

of the Governor of that district in the province of Tigre which is nearest to the sear
coast.

nuj;:

p2

: :

1:J"I':-

.Timi':
Ps. cxxx. 6:

(

108

)

?kfnim4»:...
caus.;
to

MK:
to

^3•^•:

S.

day-break,

dawn

of the day, earliest

?»flini'l':

cause

be

snatched

pari of the morning.

"^^'^T: Ylo^im'fllJ: ^A^: "more than those that watch for the morning^''
-^r-

away, &c.

1"!^:

s.

&

adj.

rapacious; a robber, a brute,
pi.

beast of prey.

l^Hi'^^.: and Eth.
:

1")^
T<J.

YISSL^ '

isJiJ^ a certain gem. Ex. xx viii. 2 0.

yi:
cious

Gen.
wolf.
:

xlix. 27: iorjc^: 'f Yl'-A

a rapa-

Y\^

:

V. n. <o travel as

a merchant,

lo be

a mer-

Ps. Ixxvi. 4:

Pi*ini'|>^T:
robbers."

chant, to traffic,

inf.

ao'}^^:

"travelling/'

C^
Yaun

" the

mountains of the
s.

"journey," "road," "way."

Timn"i'n:
:

drop.
;

Rad.
i.

mnmn::
to

UK.:

s-

Tig.Xl^y.: merchant.

V. a. to polish
:

5.

Amm"
polish

^PK"'- <5.f|: NACvD RAS, chief of merchants, is the title (i) oi" the two chiefs of the customs,
at

7\i en fn

act. to turn

with a lathe,

by turning.

Isa. xliv. 13:

Adowa, and
s.

at

Gondar;
xiii.

(2) of

the chief of

WfTiflKD':

fi"v'ltIl'*L9»*: "and he turned it on a lathe."

a caravan of travelling merchants.

YIJ^:

tribe.

Num.

2:

YlPY}^:
tribe,

"Tifllin: pass, to be turned, to be polished, smooth, splendid. 1 Kings vi. 18. Cant.
7\li
V. 14.

K'- rtOh: "of each respective

one man."

11^:
Prov.
sling.

s.

commerce,
14.

traffic,

trade; mercJiandise.

iCCl:

V. a.
to

Eth.

IR P::
the

(1) to pull out one's hair,

iii.

and
Ezra

scratch

temples.
1
:

Gen.

xxiii. 2.
j.^

ix. 3.

Deut. xiv.

«5.>Tl^lhign:

1

Sam.

xvii. 40.

2

Kings
ix. 23.

iii.

25.

VV-R'XK"- sT-^: Eth.
i**!: (1)
liberty,
i.^.

thunder.

Ex.

Rad.

>J^

rtdh: "you shall not make your heads bald, nor scratch your tem])les for the dead." This prohibition is still disre-

^TCtt: AT"'!':

liH: q.v. (2) particle of cleanness,
; e.g.
1

exemption
=

Sam.
"will

xvii.

25

garded by the Abyssinians; for the custom, against which it is directed, is prevailing

:

Yl"!

•flC* —

^ffl^l^TA:
s.

make them

among them
Tiro.:
i.e.

at the present day.

(2) to
xl. 19.

gnaiu

free from tribute."

the flesh from the bones.

Gen.

IfRA:

& IRA:

a large K' ware. Vid.

^d^"

P<iss.

\SX\d.' V. a. to purify, to clear, to rinse, especially

icgk: adj. w/iife.

:

tl^'il-C-'T: " luhile bulb,"

by the

application of heat.
to be purified,

"garlic," opp. to the <l>^:
i.e.

•f Iflli^: pass,

&c.

"red bulb"
vulture."

"onion."

:

h^^6.:

h"'}T-C'l': "white

WO

?ifllfn<^: caus. to cause purifying, &c.
s.

Iq^'

A'PC:
-'^i'-

l^p.^'T:
JuVre,

s.

whiteness.

Lev.
"

xiii.

10: Q)J^:
it


6

TACD'H^: 'K^tRWiAuJa, potash,
21.
al.

whether

has been
iv.

i'PCJ*

iJJv^

changed towards whiteness."

Pn<^:
"MiWtl:
xli.

cp.(D-::

Jar.

ii.

PTCl^^snee;j:e.

Amos

'•

" whiteness oi tenth."

)(nri: i»on occ.
V. n.

Ar. ^_^Jac

<o

Job

4i4:v.n. Eth.;x-<ti: Tig. jR-fh.: to be clean, pure, clear, white ; meton. to be free. Differs

10: oijimtV: 'S^'lf^: " his sneezing is full of fire."
trs. to

PwOi\: ^oy.;

from R«5.:
to solids;
fluids.
inf.

iq-v-)

by

its

referring generally

?»fl5(nft:

caiwe or produce sneezing.

whereas Ri.: refers mostly to Gen. xlix. 12 ^^i{A: is pure, white.
:

iffi^:
to

V. a. to

snatoA away, take
to

away
to

suddenly,

aVif^^:

"the being clean," &c. "clean-

rob, to

plunder;
into

ravish;
ecstasy,

trop. to entransport.

ness,"

"purity," &c.

PiH: "who

is

clean,
v.

rapture,

put

an

pure ;" and
pure,"

adj. clean, jjure. Sec.

Matt.

8

:

Ps. xvii. 12.
•j-jflltp: pass, to be snatched
xii. 2.

AH^Q)': Pi8:
away, &c. 2Cor.

"those

whose heart

is

Ezek. XXX. 15.

h\H:

act. to clean, cleanse, clear, purify.

.

::

!«"iR.: and
clujste.

l<5Lrt;

(

109

)

'ViA.fi:

.

Pil^t-:
blew.""
to

TR.fh: "dj. clean, clear, pure; trop. pi. TJl^': and more frequently TR,
Gen.
vii. 2.
viii.

"in which the wind
'Mri.rt:
pass.

Ex. xv. 10.

&

n.

be blown, breathed,

*hT::

20, xxiv.

8.

aspired; to recreate oneself, take a recreation
in the open air, a

IKA:
1)ttli:

Vid.
s.

imA::

breathing;

to

breathe.

cleanness, cleanliness, clearness, puritt/,

chastity. lifi-itiT:
s.

Job xxxii. 20: T'^-l-T": YkTirS.'YAU-: "and / will breathe a little."
f%iS,fl'- trs.

id.

Ps. xv.

2.

&

caus. to blow

at, to

aspire; to
1

)H><^: Eth. V.
to consider,

a. to see, to hole at, behold,

inspect;

cause to

be blown away.

Ezek. xxii.

5

:

provide for.
of

Ar.

iij

.

(DR: U^J^QF*: U-A-: JVl^flhAlh: "and I will cause thee to be blown away
:

iJtC^: Eth.

inf.

IR^::

Gen. xxiv. 62

Pih

into

all

countries."
to

yap:
m&,''

P'iX-O OH»l>'"r: "the well of the
spread out and pre-

?iflTld.rt: Eth. caus.Wo cause
\G,fl'-

breathe,

Living One, of the Seeing."
V. n. to lie extended,
layei',

Y\tl\&,fl' s. soul;

Amh.

caus.

J

give breath, to inspire.
pi.

animal
9.

life.

l^f''!^: and
:

pared, as a bed, a
•t"5R<5,: pass.

&c.
he laid

&

5 ^"1 1' : :

Rev. vi.
:

1

Chr. xxviii. 9

n 9"
Heb.

refl. to
;

and prepared
a bed

as a bed, layer

^(DJ^: i^fl
"with
tl?p3

" with a loving (willing) soul,"

to be bedded, liave

willingness"

"willingly."

cf.

prepared.

Y\\K&,'- act.
layer.

to

lay out and prepare a bed or

and Ar. ^jj6
:

fA.^
Eth.

s.

a sheep's skin

made up
wind.

for Abyssinian

14,: v.
**

a.
'•^

l^inf.

Tig. \Q,-\::

Heb. n?D
idn-

dress.

^4.fI: and i4.fl:
icind, to fan ; to
::

s.

t^CD'A":
;

Ar.

ir*J to

blow, to

make
blown

" strong wind,"' "a, storm" (at sea)

"a

hurri-

now,
'I'lfJ

to sift.
:

oo'j^^'l-

cane" (by land),
be inflated, to be
sifted; trop. to
inf.

pi.
is

i4.1l
:

pass, to be

at, to

T4.' I

®' ^'"^^

which
viii.

and '54.1^^:: carried away by the wind,
:

^

blou-n away, to be

winnowed,

chaff.

Amos

6

PfnS^:

:

"chaff of

have a hiyh opinion of oneself
4.-t'::

a\i\
of

the wheat."

EITJ^: *rol4.'V:
Exod.
"
ix. 9.

"inflation

\&fP'- Eth.

the bowels;" "dropsy
"ascites."
x\-i.

of the abdomen,"

Lev.

ii. 1.

Ezek.

V. a. to divide into two halves, inf. <roT<5.^: the halving, half the middle. OD"} d.'P: AA.'V: "midnight."

7

:

"T^*?.:

became
16:

turgid."

Ti<5.*I»: pass, to be divided into halves.

?ir4.:

act. i.q.

14.: esp. used of the smith's
<5.oi>'}:

bellows.

Isa. Tiv.

po^jp
Matt.

f<5.*!':

V. n.

(I) to long,

have a strong

desire.

(2) to hesitate, to doubt, be irresolute.

f d."
vi.

" ^^'^^ bloweth his

burning

coals."

ti'&.'P

'\''

n. to long, be desirous ; to doubt,
inf.

6fow'. 7\t\h4.'- caus. to cause or orc/er fo

to be heterodox, sceptic, heretic,

oof
and

2:

atlA^n'^^: Ild-'TU:
trumpet
<o

?u:rfll<J.:

(!5.¥: the longing, desire, doubt, heresy,

"cause not the

6e

(blown)

concr. heretic,

pi.

ai){'^«|>'}: heretics.
(vid.

sounded before thee."
Id,:
s.

'i^^
blows.
xi. 14.
s.

:

s.

half, esp.

a half madega
(vid.

o«]^^:),

a

6/oiter,

one
2

who

ow^YtY:
(/ance.

or eight masse
solids.

oni\:), a measure of

_:

"trumpeter."
»"<^

Kings

\&.C.^i^'

l«5.C0»:

Eth.

Jer.

14.*^=

s.

error, heresy, heterodoxy, false doctrine.
id.
s.

xxxiii. 11.

l-4.*£:s.

Rom.

xi, 23.
1

\&.fito

v. a.

Ar.
inf.

U-"
iii.

fo breathe, to

make wind,

f^^'t":
sire

the longing, desire.

Sam. xxx. 2 1
Imirjiny de-

blow.

OWi^tl:
8:

the

breathing; the

lir^'?''!-:

pirit.

Gen.

14.f|: ntniiO-l^nV:

•rir?'-Pah: "with did he meet tliem."

:

i&.l:
\&,li- v.n.
miser.

"hVA:

(

110

)

hU-l:
Gen.

.

.

.

hA:
48.
cf.

&

a.

to grudge, (o be

a niggard, a
vegetable food.
xli.

Eccles. iv. 8:

ArtOM'tfl: uoAVl
"vvliere-

'^Dj^

&

JS).

"O-l: nC: A9n^: >iif;.:3:|-Alh:
fore do I grudge with the

?ilhT:
iii.

adv. now, at present, instantly.

Gen.

good

tilings to

person ?

"

my

22.
s. ass, s.

?\UJP:

donkey.

Gen.

xii. 16.

I^T:
"

8.

avarice, covetousness ;

and

adj. avari-

^.U-J^*:
first

Eth. "isdv^K": ^r. sL\ Sunday,

i.e.

cious, covetous.

Prov. xxix. 4: ^Q,"1: rtflh:
s.

day of the week.
cf.
>

Had. hihK,: Eth.

an avaricious man."
adj. avaricious, covetous
^'
;

"unus."
miser.

nrrN and j^l.
-• c-

"l^T:

?

'JCl.l^-

avarice,

grudging,

covetousness.

JMI.^'fl: Ar. u_>iio.l adj. crook-backed, humpbacked.

Lev. xxi.

20.

JPtgt^irv : " lie that sowed grudgingly, shall reap grudgingly."

?»W4.^=

Ar. (_JUi-| plur.of (_ii- boots, greaves.

Isa. iii. 18.

\Q/V

:

s.

a musket, a gun.
oce.
to

?iA :.(!)
and,
one''s

"«'•

n- a'j-a

Etk UAfl):
to

to

be,

to

exist,

ic5.ni:

non
s.

with

suffixes,

have,

possess,

e.g.

"Tf <i.IIl:

wipe or clean

nose.

tl(D^- J'lA: " there is
" there are

a man."

'flH-: 7\tf-

T^T*:
i^ttli

mucous
s.

dirt of the nose.

"i^Ti^n:
:

a snotty person.

hA«:: gO TAtn- >ig-M: KUfAtJ: (for RV^:
many."
>klg^-f:
carries a gun.

musketeer,

a

soldier

who

?iAtJ:) "how art thou".!^ (masc.) "art thou well".? "art thou very well".? j^U

T:
*{*:

fAilT:
a nasal
letter,

"art thou (fem.) well"?

^_Wtf:

GXAHAS,

TWfl:

the fifteenth letter of the
It is

Amharie

alphabet.

pro-

nounced similarly to the French gn, but sounding still more through the nose it is formed by a juncture of the n and y consoNo words in the Amharie begin nants.
:

yiCfiayi'- "arc you (2d pers. sing, honor.) well".? KtirA^lJ-1: "are you (2d pers. pi.) well".? It is an auxiliary verb, closely
joined to other verbs, in order to form the

present or future tense, and the 2d construe
tive
ti

mood;

e.g.

>i«roAOAU-:

(for >»cirTi/\

^lAlh :)

" I will return."

'ri'9nTTA
"

with this letter.
?k::

(for

f 1'9"IT»:
,EA A
:

hA:)
(for

"he
:

sits."

JZA

?i

?i: Alf,

KAQ,:

the sixteenth letter of the
is called

Amharie alphabet;
nians

?»A^: Tt' the a of contradistinction from 0= which they call
Oi^i-:

by the Abyssithe word Alf, in
It is

•nC: ?tA*f: "I /(are e.: JPAtJ: K^KlrJ: "i^lHTAU-: "if thou had (possessest) any book, I will uurchase
it."

or "he he says." :) money." on^-jh
is sitting,"

A

Matt. xvi. 21

:

0).^: Pe^<^ti.1^:

O:

the a of the

word t^^T::

a servile

letter,

used as a preformative to
verbs, and in

form the second derivation of
conjugation, to
singular.

^th^Kr- yi'iK"- "IH,: >»1^A(I>: "that he had a time (that it was future to him, that he had) to go to Jerusalem." [The form

mark

the

firet

person in the

1H»: ?\A:

" there is

a time,"

is

generally

used for a distinct expression of futurity, for

which they have no
Heb. tWATl
interj. of

distinct tense in verbal

iii3: Ar,
tation
'

»!

joy and exul-

flexion.]

The verb

Yvti

'

is

often preceded

:

Aha J

Job. xxxix. 25.

by
Isa.

the prep.

A:

prefixed to the subject of the

'

2MJU:

Ar. _U-,

name
s.

of a certain tree.

sentence, to express the sense of possessing,

Iv, 13.

having
grain; and in general.

;

then the
it is

sufiix

may stand

or

may be

"iVUA: and "^Tli^f.

omitted;

then exactly the Latin esse

:

:

hA:
cum
dativo; e.g.

(

111
or

)

hOA:

.

h,£i-

Aa)^K'"^=

H.'t':

hA:

^0:_:
"force."

^iAffh:

"my

brother has a house."

?^AII

"to oblige," : "to slip." «7J^: cp.^: : and : "to spit X,^:

+

:

" there is against (" in," " on," &c. vid. f]:)

through the teeth."

"him," "he owes."

Rom.

i.

14:

P«7J^: ?i

"be

quiet."

A-fl^: "^y
"it is

necessity I owe,"

"I must,"
fell,

^"jiyD"|:

— — give way," RT — d.'I'^: — "to go

:

:

" to

:

farther."

:

"to glide out," "to stumble."
Ps. cxxxii. 11
"will

my

duty."

Ex. xxi.

19. to

2\nA:
mean,
inf.

v-a. to deceive.

(2) V. a.
to

Eth. 'flU

A"

<o say, to

'flA9°: nCfS':
him."

?»_? not impose upon
:

have in view,

to do, to think,
;

rnjA"!*:

the saying, telling
senxe, jnirport
;

the meaning, signification,
object.
t\(Sr''-

J'flA:
Johr

pass,

to

be deceived, to be refuted.

intention,

PA

9":

^AA: " he says

(that) there is

nobody."

^^:
TIA:
i.

«"S'iiiq.v". jcjua*- n tv^^£%.*}^- "and the Scriptures
35:
pass, to be said,

•flA": 'OR. &c.

constr. 1.

-flATA: 'Hi'A

cannot be refuted." named,
called.

Ih: constr.2. "my,""his,""sai/jn(7;" "Isaid,^' "he said." Gen.i. 5: -UQ^Vi: 1>1: -nA":

Matt
that is

16: ^CJ^-f-fl:

p-rnAO^: "he

K6.(SP:

CtlAOia^lT":
'

A.^-:
day,'

the light he called saying

?»A(D': and to the

called Christ"
" that

which

is

said

22: n!in.ja: PTTAffl': by the prophet."

darkness he said 'night.'

'>^^S;,tI:

iXA:
say.'"

THA:

"so saying."
imp.
tell !

subj.

^flA:

"let liim

iv. 13:

nA(m.) n^:(fem.) HA-:
It is often

(pi ur.) say.'

used with the signification,
" tell

Tin

rumour in public. 1 Sam. ?\1<.9": Vhtf. A: "and the town was full of the rumour." A: and •t-n«l A : recipr. & reiter. Gen.
intens. to

TO

to order, to

command,
id.

to him,

come !"

f: flAQ)': "say him to come." J£9n
e.g.
:

xlii.

2S;

>iOV: fiC^^®-^: fnn A>:
to

"and they said

each other."

n\:

HA:

2 Chr. xxix. 21
it,'

K^CH-V:
it,"

5"AA
?». J"

:

pass, to be talked into
to

any thing,7o

be

?iA^a>:

" 'offer

said he to them." xviii.

persuaded,

be deceived, cheated.

33: •^^AQ)': " without in^encZmi/
dentally," " unintentionally"

"acci-

AA

:

act. to

persuade by talking,
2 Cor.

to cheat,

seduce.

In the. sense of saying, telling, doing, J\A: combined with a large number of particles, in order to form verbs. Many of those particles do not signify any thing, except in this
is

^klflA:

act. to persuade.

ix. 5

:

Pffl

connexion,
ffO;

e.g.
"^'^

ODf^: —

A-fl: Kn-nA: Hl^Jf: "to persuade the heart of the brethren." particle of negation, pre: preformative Y\t%.

1^q»^1:

;

"to jump."

A"l

fixed to infinitives; e.g. tt^tiO'^OQ'^z
lief."

"unbe-

rt.fn.T: — — hf^ t\&.^"to ^f|: — "to do — "to •flACfit:— "to — "to do ^Q,: to ^A — AA — "to >k9"n.: — "to comply." UsG.: — "to blow." >, J\: — Yl^: — "to !n-t"T: — "to be — "to bewail," "to say be high." *P^: •woe!'" TIT": — "to be H^: — "to H°I: — "to trot" ^^C,: — "to gfl: — "to

J\A:

gnf^:

work

in appearance only."
" to soar."

:

"to be grieved."
:

V.

9:

?iA"":i'H*H: "disobedience." JMeh. ?iLA«orfi.^^iy,: "your not walk-

« to crack."

glide."

:

cautiously."
:

:

glitter."
:

'fl'l'T:

disperse."
"

-f-A":

quickly."

spit."

:

:

" to neglect."
:

"5\

Jer. li. 37: po^<t»onT?n^: fj(i>,: ViAo^r^.: P-r^wf: "arising from the non-existence of any' man who dwells in it" i.e. " because there is no man to dwell in it" ?iAr-*?™: and Yv—W^: inseparable letters of

ing."

:

exult."
" to
:

refuse."

negation adjoined to finite verbs.

Eth. ?»,

:

=

Tig.

?»^—T :: The

first is

used throughout

finished."
:

:

:

silent."

the preterite, and with the 1st sing, of the present tense; the second in the rest; e.g. ?tA imir\fja- XlmXt'am, " he did not come." ?iA

:

stoop."

:

ffua^tfU; XlEmatam,

:

forgive."

:

rejoice.''

oonii/o:

« he will

" I shall not come," ?iji not come." In the present

2S.A.: ...
tense,

he^fmmjc
y\f\z
is

(

112

)

hAoooof^ooC:
s.

.

.

.

>\A3»:

the auxiliary

not allowed

fyfltmavQtmQ;
inquiry.

the not inquiring, want of

to join.

By any

additional prefix, the final

90: is cut off; e.ij. i^JKUO"!: "before he comes" or "came." >»^^<f\1"^nAl^:
"

"h.tiP^^f^ d^'V

'•

s.

the not choosing, vcant of choice.

hAoraj"""!:

s.

unbelief, disbelief, the not believ-

that I did not receive."

q-V^^JC:
Tig.

" '^ ^''oi»

ing, incredulity, distrust, infdelUy.

doest not (will not) learn."

J^A.: Lud. 2\.A.P:
>k/\.tj:
pi.

s. t(/r(oise.

i\n TfL::
:

hiiP^fl:

s.

Ar. (^^UI!
s.

Gr. dSaixa^, diamond.

of^tl:

?iAO^'l['fl:
(j.v.

the not thinking,

want or absence

?\AA:
?iAA.:
?kA.A*:
'h£y£)L-

V. a. to sprinkle.

of thought.

^AA:
s.

pass, to be sprinkled.

Rev.

xix. 13.

J\/\OB'ny\-t':

s.

the not eating.

male

titiOV^aui:
discredit.

s.

ass.

want of
8.

confidence, distrust,

Acts xxvi.
s.

s. orchitis,

swelling of the testicles.

^/\cnjj.^^:
J«i^aDj.(D^:
ance.

the not being reconciled

;

im-

ELLEL,

sound of
'

raised
:

by women

which is at public rejoicings hence
exultation,
;

placableness, irreconcileablcncss.

the

r.ot

being known, unacquaint-

?» A:

"to say

shout for joy."
" exultation."

kluil," " " to exult," " to

:

orjfi^: "the shouting,"

?iA''"^H'H:
"5SA"'^Tt irhich ?
:

s.

disobedience.

cf.

Heb. 77rt. - T

The mode
It is

of

pron. interrog. plur. of otJT:

who?

exultation

is,

to repeat the sound eixel

many

Num.
s.

xxi. 9.

Isa. Ix. 8.

a usage of the Arabs as well as of the Abyssinians, and was probably tlie same with the
times, saying, ixLELLELLEVLrxLiiL, &c.

^/\crof°(^:
^/\rio{"7{^:

the not being

or remaining, non-

existence, non-residence, absence.
s.

the not speaking, speechlessness.

Hebrews
'

;

so that

e.ff.

the proper

meaning of
!

?»A*^Q)^:
lovelessness.

want of knowledge, ignorance.
s.

'Hallelujah' will be probably, "sing 'Hallel' " or jillel' unto Jah, unto Jehovah

^lA^'^CD'^J^:

the not loving, disinclination,

^AAJ":
2\/\oo:
li^
to

s.

exultation, shouliiuj for joy.

Yxtc^P^- Eur. alum.
V. n.

?iAOO'"J: Heb. Q'^ipVyt' name of a certain precious wood. 1 Kings x. 11.
Ar.
J\/\oti']i-i(^:
s.

Eth.

ihAOO:
xiii.

Heb.

obn

uncircumcision.
s.

dream.

Deut.

3: ihS%*F*-

P^^i

?\A*"'T<{.'"r:
ruptibleness.

absence of corruption, incor-

J^^iju : " a dreamer of dreams."
2\i^/\cn3: caus.
to

cause to dream.
marJc; csp. ensign, flay,
xx. 20.

ihiAA": Ar. ^_^1 j)
15.

myrtle-tree.

Nehem.

viii.

2\AO^:

Ar.

U^

^

-^ "^

Zech.
id.

i.

8.

siijn, 1

standard, banner.

Sam.

?iAf|:

Isa, xli. 19.

Iv. 13.

?kA**^A"^,K*-

^-

(<^''™P-

of ?iA: and

ooA

^iAf:
to be

v-n. Eth.
;

-JA*:
;

Tig. rhA«&:: tobeat
to be spent, to be absent,

00 J?-:

inf.

of 'I'A"''^

uniconiedness, want

an end

to be

finished
ti&,'.

wanting.
-flC.-

Titi'P- "the work

is

of habit or j)ractice.

finished:"
is

^A^'IiVA: "my money
to

?iA""A(DT:
ahleness.

s.

absence of change, unchange-

spent."
trs.

J^i^A*!*:

& caus.

spend, consume.
Phil.
ii.

7vf\P^ti'P'\"- s. t^^ ""< distinguishing, tvant of distinction or separation.

?iA*r:

V. trs. to raise, to

magnify.

9:

^/\aaao/^fl:

s.
^-

the not returning.
'^'^

hii^'i^/^y^'
irreligion.

"^^ rcorshipping

God;

>»j^"l: ?iA'l*(I>': "has very much magniEph. i. 8 fied, highly raised him." flf: " which he hath magnified in us." _p/\«|>(I>»:
:

Rad. A*!*:
s.

q-v.

^/VOOasj£;^:

the not learning.

/^AS*:

s.

alXk'a, Eth.

A.^:

Tig. thAS*:: a

:; :

:

7\A9^:...'htkHSsuperior,

(

113

)

Yi.£\5!.:...yiAQ.'%:
?».A.::
s.

chip/

officer,

commander, principal
Gen. xxiv.
2.

Y^J\^: Vid.

eap. superior vf a church.
xxvii.
1.
s-

Matt.

John

ii.

8.

?iA.P'l': Ar. ijJl Lev. vii. 3.

excrements of animals.

?iA3*fi-

li'Tnenter,

mourner; esp. a
Had.

woman
7-v-

who
s.

is

hired on purpose to lament for a dead

?iAJ^: half a
silver,

dollar,

worth half an ounce of
::

about two

shillings.

person.
A^S-I^::
s.

Matt.

ix. 24.

KA4»ri:
JL'
leech.

?iiAJ3:

s.

Tigr. *%«5,^

an Abyssinian bedstead,

J^A^'T:
Yvti'^VV

Tig.

oiA^I;:
dignity

Ar.

made of a simple oblong frame of wood, which rests on four feet, and is twisted with leather
thongs.

s. stale,

and
6:

office

of

an

alak'a.

Here

is

a representation of

it

Vid. ?iA!f:: " dignity &c.

Acts
of

iv.

pVUJI"^:
Isa. ix.


8

High

Priest."

?iAl'l!l:70: nt^,^<i>a^: "and his dignity (principality, government) upon his shoulders."

hAD:

v.a. Eth.
of.

thAO:
"

Tig.

rhAa-

Ar.

?»A™1:
hA<(5.:

adj.

i.q.

yfy:

egi-GP:

J?A"

saltless,

t_.,JUto milk.

Heb.

HTn new

milk," " cheese."

tasteless, insipid.

V. n.

Eth. -^tkA.: Tigr. :3A<i.:: Heb.
to

^All
7\C\n'.
thing.

:

pass, to he milked.

s.

& adj.
Gen.

one

who has
36:

not, is without,

any

1/0

Ar. (_iii- to pass, go through or hy,

xlii.

£i$^:

—:

pass by.

Gen.
trs.

viii.

17:

"KA^:
make pass

imp.
by.

pass.'

"childless.'"

?iAn: Eth. J^Annfl: s. a collection
Rad.
dress, attire, vestment.

Ki^A*?.:

to j)ass,

^fl

of clothes, clothing,
" perhaps.'

2 Clir. ix. 4.
:

AG,: iTfOI: "to deliver up," "to betray." K^T: 7\^t\&,'- "he passed the mead"
(jjresented it to the guests).

?iAn1-: and
Gen.
iii.

hAH^:: 9"T: —
of stone.
4, 14.

22.

"TAAiS.:
Ezek.
sist

intens.

&

reiter. to jmss, tresimss,

transgress ; to be mingled, chequered, to con-

?kA^:
xxiv.
J^A.'t*:

s.

a

sort

Isa. liv. 10.

7, 8.
S-

xxvi.

Eth.

UAfl)^::

kind,

sort,

class,

Isa. of different materials or colours. xxiv. 5 Yl Ai"l: "T AA<5.TAS': "for they have transgressed the law."
:

species, genus.

?4fl'rAAd.:
the
:

trs.

of the preceding, to

make

"i^A'lih:
"

s.

distinction, difference;

making

difference, the

judgment,

taste.

pass in different ways.

Gen.

xlviii. 14.

^fflhlPA:

he knows to distinguish."
subst.

?iiA^: o passer, one who passes by. O^'Yi^i " a passer by on a road," " a passenger."

:

'^»A^'^: pron.

2d pers.

pi.

yov.
J"^''"

KA13:
J^A^J":
'tion.

s.
s.

Tig.

ditCiX-

'"^''P-

"

?»A«t:
15.

V. a. Tigr.
s.

J\Aq.t4:

to tan.

Bl.

Y\£t&.--

Tigr. oo^ij^t^: tanner.

Bl.

hope, patience, endurance; expeclaIxii. 5.

Ps.
s.

?kA<5.: the Greek a\^a,^Zp/ia. Revel. 1.8. Is often used as a surname of Christ; and thence

J't/VYl,:

one

who

creates

enmity

between

friends.


s.

(D£\S.':

—• "son of Alpha,"" and "J-fl^: "slave (servant) oi Alpha,"" &c. frequently
pl. J\"^»

?xAtl1n.:

idem.

occur as baptismal names of the Abyssinians.
i-q-

>»AHLU-

anil

'MH.V:

>iA.U:
pl

pi.

of

iFtAQ,'- KLF. a myriad, ten thousand,

^U:
those.

these.

A6.: and
and "J^AJ?:
of JP:

?i'?kA4.'f::
secret place in

>iAH^:: TAU.^:

y^SiQfi: room or

s.

a house, an inner
4.

corner.

Cant.

iii.

Q

:

?k«nj:
'h^frq: v.n.

J^OlJOll;
Eth.

(

111

)

j-irooo:. ,.>k7Dq:

&

act.

(hoop::
and
Ps.

fo be refracto ver, to

tory, rebellious, to rise

rebel;
1.

ache, to ail, be diseased., e.g. i.fh: ,pow?'A: " head gives pain," " ails me," " I feel

my

me

calumniate.

Ps. Ixxviii. 19.

20.

Prov.

pain in the head."

XXV. 10.

j-ODOXi:

pass.

& n. to

suffer pain, to be

ill,

^ofl :
^00«/\,:

id.

& pass, to be refractory;
of.

to be vexed,
i.

siclcf

diseased.

calumniated, evil spoken
s.

Titus

6.

^i^Gnooo:

caus. to

make feel
sick.

pain, inflict one

an oblong piece of rock-salt, of the shape of tlie sole of a foot, and three-quarters of an inch thick, serves instead of money in Abyssinian commerce. It is taken from the salt plain between Agame and the Dan'kali country, and carried to all the Abyssinian markets, and far into the interior of Africa. Its value, in exchange for dollars, differs, of course, in proportion to the distance from the plain, besides other circumstances which influence the trade. At Adowa, thirty-five to forty such a'mules are generally exchanged
for a Maria-Theresia dollar
;

with pain, to make

^flj-CTOOO:
person.

to

wait upon, to nurse a sick

y^fnjtpi: sometimes for

th^^V^

:

q-v.

Y^o^d,' and
graceful.

Yx'^di
Gen.
xli.

^'•"- '" ^<^ rigrpenhle, pleas-

ing, lovely, pleasant, beautiful,

handsome,
Ex.

nice,

2

:

on^fyTrj^Q^: yarj^i
xviii.
is

"whose form was
pleasant tor thee."

beautiful."

17:
not
:

^U: rtd.: ?i^9"C'ny9":
xx. 17:

"this

work

PHo^J^tJ: n.+

Tv^o^CJU:

"let not thy relative's house

at Gondar, be-

please thee," improperly for P^A^.^*<I.tJ''}: n.'f: &c. 2v1^cro^: "do not covet thy

tween twenty and thirty fifteen and twenty pieces.

;

in Slioa, between

neighbour's (fellow [-manj's) house," &c. ?i"1a«4: and ^^l1t^J^: caus.& rcfl. to render agreeable, &c.;
able ;
to please.
to shew oneself as agreeHeb. xi. 5: '^ii"7H.?i'fl

^^n/V^:
sition

adj. bad, evil, luorthless. ^^i-

(Shoa.)

"^•/"A?:

&

s.

of bad,

evil,

u-orUdess dispo-

and habits, vicious. (Shoa.) ^cnB/\Yl: V. a. to worship as God; v.n.
religious.

to be

" that he j^leased God."

(h-CT: >»1.KUJi«'^: or 'Yx'i^f\fra ^^ OD'j Jer. vii. 3
:

Deut.

iv.

28

:

Tfl

HJ*^ P fi (D'l
:

^j^^'U''}:
pleasing."

J^iTl

'/"<.:

"make your ways

and there you wiM pay divine honour to those gods which are the work of man's hands." ^tnj/\Yl : pass, to be worshipped as God.
"

^*I^C'
YiSP^&^'
?i«?Di^:

s.

a sorrel horse.

2\nq«5.:z.9.?i7D:3^::
s.

bird of prey.
s.

p^i^OD/^Yl

:

caus. to cause divine worship to

'^^Q^:
a''wi2!l

pleasure,

lust.

Dcut.

ix. 22.

be performed.
h.'P^'^Vi-s.

num. Eth. and Tig. 19^1^::
Ar. ^Jyu.,^
fifty.

Heb.
is

God.
Is

Rad.

ouaYI:

Eth. "im-

Its

cipher

peravit."

generally used for Heb.

D^H^K
com-

2::

50.

Gr. Qshs,

whereas

I^IH.Yvfifh.C.-

J\ao-f|: Thursday.

Vid. (h*"»-fi::

monly stands
?k9"Alr»
:

for Heb. rTiiT)

Gr. Kvpios.

X9"ft:
?v9°*Ti A:

Vid. Alport::
s.

s.

divine worship; religion, godliness.

flgure, resemblance, likeness, image,

h'^AYft'-- idem.
XXXV. 16.
1

Ex.
iii.

xviii.

20.

2 Chron.

picture, portrait.

Tim.
s.

16.

?i.*"JrtA

:

V. a. to stir

up.

2i9"A!ril'"f :

Divinity, Deify, Godhead, divine

2^9nfi^:
Heb.n^??ri

Eth.

iTnfll': Tigr. -JToh-t:
Its cipher is

nature and essence.

Rom.

i.

20.

2 Pet.

i.

4.

kv.iLAL five.
adj.

S

:

5.

?iO^A^':
^ouini:

s.

one who gives a present (to a supe-

t\^i\tV:

a fifth,

the fifth.

rior person). Vid.
v.a. Eth.

ODOiJAli::
to give pain, to

rhyn^O::

]?i9«n : and ?i9nq ; s. an isolated rocky mountain, which, on account of difficulty of attack,

>»9na:--"^""n.'r:
and
facility of defence, serves the

(

115

)

>»9" !!.?•:•• ?kO™5:
any respectable woman, and especially
to

Abyssi-

to

niahs, in

time of war, for a

i)lace

of retreat
pi.

Hence

fortress, fort,

castle, fortification,

who is generally called XoDn,^^.T: "Our Lady." Gen, xvi. 4.
the Virgin Mary,

and 2\9nn:r'r:: Ps. xviii. 2. >»y"n.: part, of negation and refusing. Eth.

?i7"P¥:

"X9**n.^:
'h'P^n.t'V'

s.

refusal,

denial, disobedience, re-

XTnP" —

fractoriness.
adj.

:

^^A:

to refuse, not to
'

comply,
Is op-

&
s.

s.

refusing, denying, disobe-

to resist, lit. " to

say

I will not.' "
to

dient, disobliging, impolite.

posed to "i^h.: ?\A: "

comply."

/\JE:1'H
Is

"5\9"n.'t''5iT:

refusing, disobliging, disobe-

"HV": >»7nn.: .EAA: 'Xl^: "he does
not obey, but says em'bi,"
i.e.

dient disposition.

"refuses.'"

^nO'TiM;
j^aD."!-:
s.

adv. very much, exceedingly. (Shoa.)
s.

used of irrational and
as of

lifeless

things as well

>i9"n.JPT-fl7°:
Eth.

martingal.

men;

e.5'.>»Ttlfc"T: '(^ofi^^^^V•. (or

^1^:

>»^JEyE•^-4^*0 >»9«a: "I-AA^: wood refuses to be cut," " is too hard or
cult for cutting."

"the
diffi-

cjir^:: year.
-"T:

pi.

O'^O'^: Tigr. Ko^T^- f\aa!\-. qoxj
and
fl^'^J'T: "in each re-

"annually."

A^^f: '^kT'Qfl.: ?iA^:
?iA''T-:
'

spective year."

?iAtl'A'n9":
'

lit.

"the cow

said,

i\tn}^:
in-laiv.

s.

fem. of ?iiOq^:: mother- or daughter-

I will

not :' she said, I will not be milked,'

"

Ruth
i.q.

ii. 2,

11, 18, 19.

iii. 1, 6,

16.

for "the

cow does not
s.

suffer herself to

be

milked."

32. ih1P''f Gr. anedva-Tos. amethyst (gem). 2\"^'t.'fini.f fl:

?\qo^:

^de, gall.

Deut. xxxii.

^9^1 A:
1 Clir.

a certain singing

bird.
s.

Revel, xxi. 20.

">^9"n.A:^: and >i^n.A:^:
XV. 20.

a sort of flute.

J^nro^^:
a blow.
tvOtq-^:

(1)

Xxlvtat', pi. of

K"**'!': years.

(2) am.Xtt.\t, sirjg. the beating, striking;
s.

a

stroke,

?i9"nAJi: and ?i.inAJ21: Rev. xix. 11. Zech. i. 8.
^vT^^nC"
^9Tjq(^:
Ixi. 10.
s-

a white

horse.

Jer. xxx. 14.
s.

Rad.
f.

Eth.

ih^fO;

OB^:; rh"^^::

Tigr.

ofibra, ambergris.

Gen. xxxvii.

25.

h^-n&.:

idem.
bracelet for

(hfJO*: f. rh"^'t':: A.v. yij>. f. iiUj- chUdor parent-in-laiv, therefore son-in-laio. Gen.
xix. 12.

s.

arms and feet of women,
Isa.

/a</ter-m-/aM', xxxviiL 13. Ex. iv. 18.

worn on the

wrist and on the ancles.

mother-in-law, Matt. x. 35.
riage, 2

related by

mar-

Kings

\'iii.

27.

y^gnpi^: and °?»TPi^:
it

s.

a sucking calf.

As
then

Ti^P^'^i,- AMHARA, n. pr. (l)
is

Amhara Proper,

advances in age,

it is

called first

"V^

:

a small province of Abyssinia, situate be-

a)^d.T:

(masc.) or

^^^i

(fem.);

and at

last, n<5.: (ox) or

AT":

(cow).

J^^nnil: Vid. ?^^n«1::

tween Godjam, Bagammeder, Lasta, Angot and Shoa, and is at present inhabited by tlie Yedjow and the Wallo Gallas. (2) Amhara,
in a larger sense,
is

?k9TI !

:

am'h.vsha, s. Tigr.

wheat-bread, in Slioa called

^ffOf\q>q>:
gape.

v. n.

rhT^fl •! leavened j^P q.v. Tigr. i\S/^f\^^:: to yawn,
: :

the

name

of

all

that part

of Abyssinia which lies to the west of the
river Taccaze and north of Shoa.

^^
s.

name

is

often used

(3) The by common people to

"Tf^amwrV: Heb.

Eth.

comp. of "7x^1°: (Ar.

J

signify a Christian, in contrast with

Moham-

DN)

"mother," and

H^

:

"house."
;

medans and Heathen.
7'\'P*'^C^: adj. Amharic.

" mater-familias," mistress of a house general, mistress, lady.
Is

and in

used by servants,

hon\:
^<I
trust.

v.n. Eth.

^k?"!:: Heb. pCWri

Ar.

and by
rior
;

subjects, in addressing their supe-

to believe, give credit to, to confide, to rely,
1

by people ingeneral, as a title of

honour

Chron. xxviii. 20:

"AoDI: nC^^^O:

q2

3|-ool:
" believe,
X. 14.

TWd.:
strong.'" Miirkxvi. 16.

(

116

)

hfiwd.---:rdp°to cause

and he
pass.

Rom.

^•1UI<i^: caus. &c.

or order

to be

bound,

^im\

:

& n.

to be trusted, accredited, to
to be triintworlhy, honest,

tt^i:

s.

one who binds;
25. Acts xvi. 25:
:

the

beadle, jailer.
{jailers)

enjoy confidence,

Mattv.

i\WiC^'-

faithful; to confide, rely.
to confess one's sins.

Often used
iii. 6.

for,

improperly for '/SM'C^-

(prisoners).

Matt.
believe,

hUUC:
trvst,
c/iq/T.

s-

Eth.

rhUJC:

Tig.

rhUJi".
::

«'»•««.

l^i^otH:
to

cans, to

make

depend or
Isa.

Luke

xv. 16.

An^T
<en.

persuade, to convince.

xxxvi. 15:

>»uiC^:

Ai-H*jPfl9»: n>»"lH.?v'flrh>C: 2'»JP"'l ^^r^lh: " 'leither /e/Hezekiah make you
trust in the Lord."

2 Sam. xxiii. 4. s. ?.(/. ujOC^:: hJ«J"C: ni"n- Eth. 0UJC1':: Tig. OAWCt"

Heb.

rr^toJT

Ar.

s^

Its

cipher

is

\\\

?ifl3'*"'i: cans,

to

procure

credit, to attest,

?»A"i.: ^k^JI^: "eleven." ?\M»«5.: ?i7« fl'V: "fifteen." ViJiwf;: ?•\^^: "one out
of
<ej?," i.e.
s.

accredit, authenticate.

"

a tenth part,"
#/ie

" tithe."
;

Amen.' Matt. vi. 13. Is used Yx'^'inot only in prayer, but also in confirmation
interj.

'J\,»JW£^:

(1)

binding, bonds, prison

(2)

prisoner.

Gen. xxxix. 20.
s.

or assent to any wish, salutation, or greeting.

?\M'^.''I':
(2)
/if/ies.

Eth.

5^9T:

adv.

last

year.

Tigr. <^n^::

The
and

Ezek. xx. 40.
s.

OM'^-1':: (1) decimation. Luke xviii. 12.

present year
Y^gm^if|-;
s.

is called

iVi^iZ"
7.

J\;»A'^'"f:
jail.

//ic

binding, bonds, fetters, prison,

confidence, object of confidence

trust, security.

Jer. xvii.

"7x^*^6.^'- idem.
5.

Gen.

xl. 14.

J^9i3-j-*|-

:

s.

midge, gnat.

Ps. xxxix.

^fJ^d.V'- s.8^ nd). tenth;
11:
of a measure."

a tenth part.

Lev.

v.

h.°^i-7i.A: -Emmanuel.

Matt.

i.

23.

7\A"^V-- trofld.Cy:
n. pr. /srae?.

"'^"^ tenth

part

?\9THA'n:
?kWOTH<5.:
Vid.

s.
s.

the crupper on a saddle.
adulterer.

Rad.

Ko^iH^Lev. xx. 10.

>»M'^.?».A:

jy^THC"
fem. adulteress.
sort

'Jfi^ftJ^f^f^'^: adj. Israelitic, an Israelile.

fem.

J^OD'SH^PL'p:
?itnj1nA: s. improperly for
a

of weeds.

Gen.

iii.

18.

J\^.: v.n.

"AA"^.?».A*^^:: 2.7. ihi,"
s.

Lev. xxiv. 10.

" thistle."

?t^:
leavened cakes of
'h.C '

i.7.

rti^: excrements, dung.

2

Kings

J^goH:

AMZA,

s.

Tig.

(hlH"

x%'iii.
s. s.

27.

Tif-bread, alias

"111 :r::
Ar.
jv*i>.

a

stool,

an evacuation of the bowels.

hav^:
J\oti^:

s.

Eth. th^f^K"-'

"ignis

y\C-

P*^^T=

:

"gum

of the eyes," "tena-

cious matter

which gathers in the corners of

non prorsus
xviii. 27.
s. i.q.

exstinctus," ashes, dust.

Gen.

the eyes."
J^jJ^tro
:

V. a. to weed, to clear the weeds.

n^A:

sparrow.
s.

Tig. fl^A.::
l^^*'-

•^^OV;

pass, to be cleared from weeds. caus. to cause to weed.

J^goj^: and cjijro^:

Eth.

OT^^K""

2\i^^tnJ:

n^W
nical

Ar. JJL:

pillar,

column.

Also tech-

^^jao:

V. a.

Eth.

tbd/^:

(<?•«•)

Ar.

term
s.

for a column

on a written page.

'J^

Heb.

t3'^"^nrT to

consider as or declare sacred, deto prohibit,

p^onP^p:
hW^.--

strong hoar-frost, stronger than
inf.

voted to God, prohibited, cursed;

vow, consecrate.
V. a.
(1)
to bind,
tie,

to fetter,

•Jt'^oo; pass, to he prohibited, devoted, consecrated, cursed.

oqUIC"
^\X)d.'

Heb. npN.

(2)

to

put (any boil-

Lev. xxvii. 10: A>»"IH.?t

on the fire. ing-, roasting-, or frpng-vessel) to be bound, &c. pass,

-flib-C:

PS"*^""^":

tl^^:

"let

it

be

consecrated to the Lord."

:

(

117

)

>,C'^fi:...>kCn:t-:

>iC9":

s.

(I) tvecds, tares.

Q')r\ prohibit ion,
hibited,

r> Heb. consecration, curse; the pro(2)

Ar.

him.'"

YlCfP- "from him."

«

hisr

A

Crt*

=

<i^t.

" for, to

him."

PCX*-- g™. TtC.ff'i >»

consecrated, devoted,

cursed subject;
;

ace.

"him."

'flCXv: ^Ji.i " v.ith him."

any thing forbidden, improper, frivolous crime.
Ex. xxi. 16: >k(;oo.9Ti: PTaBrtYlr^n'l-:

nCTl'f ®'" "t'^'y among themselves," "amongst each other." "hCXf' fiC^^-T
ri'l':

"and against whom the crime is establislied by witnesses." Lev. xi. 4 nA^•^: 'YiCP*':

"we among ourselves." "jhCXf- dC/l'-Tlh " you among yourselves." John i. 27 ^\J
:

iCD^: "it

is

prohibited to you."

J^^oi^:

8.

a
s.

heallien,

a pagan.

Matt

xviii. 17.

yxCft"' iay"' "this y%C/ltl: s. Ar. |J,Uj.

is he,"

or

"</(p

samp."

"5',^OD'"f :

prohibition, voiv, consecraiion.

Vid.

"Xri^^Ih:
yiQi^"^!,:

pron. subst 2d pers.
ourselves.

v>]ur. yotirsplvps.

Yid.y^Cfl::

t\dP^\^:s.i.q.rxdoxi:: (Shoa.) 'i\dS^^^^^: s. nature and condition of a pagan
paganism, heathenism.

"'fiC.^^Oy^' pron. subst. 3d pers. plur. thei/. y^QtlV- pron. subst. fem. 3d pers. sing. she.
;

"^QfiCp. 2d
hi.ti's.

pers. sing, honorif. you.

7\^oil<^:
pi.

adj.

&

s.

heathenish; heathen, pagan.

Eth. and Tigr. dii'fl,"-

one who

Tx^aijc^y-i::
s. i.q.

ploughs,

tills

the ground, agriculturist, husbandIsa. Ixi. 5.

7\dO^%\1-:

?i«;aiiV>::
bullet.

^iC9"M'
Y\d,C.'
s:

ii.

S-

"

i^are, step.
'''^"'/.

man, farmer. Al.lrjti:: 6. Rad. J\4rt::
s.

2 Tim.

f?'"'-":.

Ex. XV. 10.

^iC}^:
"ixCt^-

field,

arable

land.

Gen.

xxiii.

9.

?i«^^1
"Ki-tl :

n.

i)r.

Harrar or Ilurrur, a kingdom
'

Rad. Tx^fl::
s.

south-east of Shoa.
i.

leaven.

Ex.

xii. 19.

V-

i-t\

q. V.

7\d/^:
Tig. ih^lrt,"

V.

Eth.

O*^*!*:

" reconciliavit

dissi-

h#irt: v.a. Eth.

rhtiiri:

Heb.

dentes."

Amh. non
pass.

occ.

^^«|»;

&

recipr. to be reconciled; to
to

Uy^n Ar.
Gen.

CLJj>- to

plough, to cultivate the land.

make peace with one another;
ciliatory.

be con-

iv. 2.
-

'i'd.fl

pass, /o he ploughed, cultivated by the

plough.

Gen.

xlv. C.
to

?ifl^<^4*: trs. to tending parties
;

reconcile, conciliate
to

con-

appease.

^v'^t^rt: caus. to cause

be ploughed.

>»C;*:

s.

i.q.

OC*::
brandy, distilled liquor.
needle."
(Shoa.)

t\dS\"TxCtl:

v.a. Eth. t\Cd\'C\' to moisten, io wet, to

besprinkle.
s.

Num.

?»<^*t- ^^- t_si/^
«»j;^<5_:

xix. 18.

"a good

only with

Is used Eth. (iy\t\: self, personnlitij. suffixes, in order to constitute pro-

nouns, •r,CS\-- "he" XCfi^P: "she" >.r; ;" (Sd pers. sing, honorif.) "ThCSl rt(p: "you
;

Ad.Ht'r: s. nudity, nakedness. With sufHxes it is an adjective, naked, bare. .>»^<|i'E': 1^: "I am naked." Rev. iiL 17, 18. Gen.
ix. 21.

^T:

"ourselves" >,C'*I-T'l>: (2d pers. pL) "you;" IhC/i^&'.'theyr 'YxCSf. HC/I If.'}: "we among ourselves," "among each

'lhi-1i^\1". s. nakedness, Deut. xxviii. 48.

nudity,

bareness.

IhCS^- nC/V^U-- "you among yourselves;" "hCtV: nC/V^Gi"- "they
other;"

KCH:

and

^tQ-n*^::
Its

Heb.
is

D^iyH-liSi

Ar.

i^y^j^ forty.

cipher

uj- 40.

hC*^'-

among

themselves."

^'i^'
'fkC'tt:
s.

"forty-one."
i. e.

1?»Cl'f'= pi'on.

m. 3d

pers. sing, he, it; this, that,

hundred,"

"

txCJ\: on-?-: "forty four thousand."
foo/n.

Eth. (D-y^-p:: Tigr. ^|t-:: >i ?iiA^: "he told me." nCJ'l': "in, CI*!-: ytkCXi": "without by, or through him.""
the same.

a weaver s frame or
^'

^C^S"*

l^ofit,

gain,

advantage,
"•

produce.

Isa. xxiii. 18.

Rad. d/\

:

"

hCnir:..h03J^:
"hCnV:
xlix. 17.
s-

(

118

)

'hd.Vs.

"hCSGen.
iv. 20.

horseman, rider, charioteer.

Gen.

"fx^'z
xl.ll.

shepherd, herdsman.

Isa.

i\C*^K"- Ar. j^lj^l Esther ix. 19.

pi.

of ,_^ suburbs, boroughs.
Tig.

"^t^^i'Y':

s.

lit.

shepherdism, criminal inter-

course with

animals,

very

common among
v. 19.

T\6/V: num. Eth. fxCnOti:
Ar. L«j,l

hrnOl:::
ciplier
is

Abyssinian shepherds.

Gal.

Heb.

5??")^^

four.

Its

eS

4.
s.

?k^^:
Shoa

a fabulous sort of cannibals, inhabit-

ing, it is said,
;

some of the northern parts resembling men, in the upper part

hCy^ti'f: s. pi. of C;"5sfl: Eth. " heads,"' technical term for the npper margin of n written page; also, superscription of a chapter &c. the The lower margin is called tJjE^"I:
;

of
of

middle
itself,

one,

IJt

:

;

the

horizontal
:
;

space

between two

their bodies, in stature, walk, dress, and lan-

guage

but in the lower part of their bodies they are said to be like asses or dogs.
;

the column n,d.Vl ?\1?ti^: or ^^P^j^:; and the perpendivisions,

dicular space between

two columns,

*|fl>'

>»d.^:
ytdo'^h6-'V:
Ar.

s.

Lq.

^t::
^i-Y*::

Tig.

^i.C.::
Heb. TT^I^ T

YvdXi- Vid.
1?i([^Y>9''':
s.

s.

4»1ri::

s. i.g.

s.

ori't.

Chald. ^n''"^!^

Erkum, name of a large black bird in Abyssinia, whose Tigrean name is t\f\ :
s.

jsl, J the Law of Moses ; the Pentateuch, to which the Abyssinians add the Books of Joshua, Judges, and Ruth.

>»C''^'n:

id.

q.dyi-n-.:

t\Cj\f{,f\.'\(\- Eur. Archipelago, sea of islands.

Y\.C/l'i''-

GT.'Epvdpa,

sc.

0aA«cro-a, the

Red Sea.

Geogr.

yxd/VC."^'-

s. the trotting, trot.

TvCyVione who

s.

"a

flight of stone stairs of

European
of

Y^i/V^- ordin. the fourth. ^^-f J': belonging to the Mosaic Law,
occupies himself with the

construction, found

by the Church
;

Axum,
Bl.

and

at the king's palace at Gondar."

Mosaic Law, teacher

of the Law, lawyer in the sense of the N. T.

J\(^'g: adj. ps;n_g.(^:

&

s.

brute, savage, icild
:

wild beast.

or

:

"/nj^f^: " venomous
"

^^3-^: id. ?»C^i^^=

pi.

^i:ra^4?^ ::

serpent."

pi. ?id.*iE'l'--

Eur. Archduke. Geogi-. iiCrf-^'TKy- Eur. Archduchy. Geogr.
s.

?\<K:

non. occ.

Eth.

O^H:

induit alium

vestitu, amixit."

^CV>:

Eth. thC.i''V-'- liberty, freedom, in-

"X^y^' Eth.
fuit."

T04H:
to be

"induit

se,

indutus

iwlaliun, dereliction. solitude, dependence; free." : ?ia)'Tl: : 0)"1: "to become "to make free," "liberate," "emancipate."

Amli.

naked, undressed.

Matt.

XXV. 36:
"/

•J-^^'mh: hAn«^^Lh'1«7«: was naked, and you clothed me." 38

:

John
33:

viii.

32:

"^^aM'T^a

:

2\Q^: yO)"!
make you free."'

(Dy.tlthou

'^lA: "and the
iscyv'
free:'

truth shall

J'CHtl: ?»Anf!li!: "or tchen wast naked, have we clothed theeH"
xxii.

made

'i'G>"i'^^'i^= "y^^ ®''^'^ ^^ : t\Z^: "to loose," "send

Job

6:

P:^4H1[-^9n:
off."

A-flfl:

^(DfTHJ: "and
hast thou stripped

the clothes of the naked

Isa. Iviii. 6 : ?i(D"l:: -hCyX-i Atfofl^J^: "to PTrtn^.^-??": Vid. let those that are broken down go'free.

away

free," lq.

txiHdress.

s.

a black sheep's
8.

skin,

made up

for

block ItkC^^V^'- Pers. _jj;l or jJ;j xxvi. 11. a black skin. Ex.

leather,

hCJH ?»^HH
'•

Eth.
:

Heb.

t"1>? cedar-tree.

s.

a sort of

large, round,

and

blackish

beads.

YidTi'lSL-

'•

?•

U ^"^"Xy.- green, light blue, azure.

y^C^:
Lev.

s.

idld boar, pig, swine.

Tig.

tro^Afl

xi. 7.

Rev.

iv. 3.

^CPT":
?iCJ("?":
Etli.
s.

... ?iC"J<^'1i:

(

119
is

)

"ihCJ-l:

"hCV-n-

fhe

the Throne of God.

hhjhcd heaven, where Matt. xxi. 9.
na'^os, the

"hcnt-.s. vid.

oo'V"
s.

hC^fititle

AKGANON,

Gr. opjavov.

(1) the

JVCP'fi: ^t^\t\- Gr. "Apeiof
pagus, at Athens.
'"

Areo-

of one of the Abyssinians' Liturgical

Acts

xvii. 19.

works, which chiefly contains prayers and

h4K:v.a. Eth.t^K:
ItdXPf^ss.

Tig.-?^::
butchered,

Ar.^

praises to the Virgin
sical

Mary.

(2) organ,

mu-

laceravit," to butcher, slaughter.
to
lie

instrument.
s-

slaughtered.

Gen.xxii. 7: HT-: PJ-A: P«^:^4K(I^: " where is the slieep, wliich is to be

h^dJPX-

(1) i.q. ?iCT.: old. an Abyssinian saint, one (2) Aragawi, of the nine Missionaries who coming from the adj. n. pr. of

&

Eth.

butchered?

''

?irtjj*P: caus. to cause to be slaughtered or
butchered.

during the reign toward the latter end of the of king Alahijda, fifth century, are said to have completed the

Greek Church

to Abyssinia,

y\it,^'

s.

a

cliff,

narrow

valley.

work
plurals.

of conversion of the greater part of

"^CJ^- ^- ^^'^ butchering ; a victim. hCS,JP'i: IhHiA;: TxnC.: Arabic
Isa.'iii. 22.

Abyssinia, which was begun by Frumentius

about the year 330.

Zamichael) had for his
d^'X'::
2 Chr.

Aragawi, (also called companions the follow-

1?»C^J'=

s.

help, assistance, i.q.

xxviii. 16.

ing eight Missionaries: Pantaleox, Garima (alias Yishak), Gobba, Aftse, Alef, Imat a,

Ih.^^: v.n. Eth. ?>4T: to senesce, to be or become old. Gen. xviii. 11 <I.R"Cra(ij,: j^|^ S*f C!^: 5n<,: "were completely oW."
:

^i"^*^:
?ii.^':
ness.
s.

caus.

to mr/^-e

oW.

Lament,

iii. 4.

one ivho butchers, a butcher.
s.

ttC^f-

and Kd,§;i^:
Gen.
xxi. 2.

old age, senility, old-

?i<^T: v.n. Eth.
cially

{J^:

to

mount, ascend, espe-

by

steps.

Y\^d^'

caus. to

make
to

ascend, to bring up,

especially to bring up to the burnt-offering
altar for

a sacrifice; fh4"J::

make a

sacrifice.

?k4"l:
plant.

s.

Eth.

shoot, sprout

of

any

Pa).PT:

These saints are said have first settled at Axum, the then capital; where they dwelled together twelve years, and then divided themselves into various parts of the kingdom. Abba Aragawi went to the province of Agame in Tigre; where a huge serpent conveyed him on his tail to the top of the high and inaccessible rock DAMO, on which he established a convent, the seat of his activity. His biography is full of the most absurd miracles one of which is, that he is said to have converted the Devil himself, whom he persuaded to take the moZehiima, and LycaVos.
to
;

:

"sAoo< of a vine." Ezek.

nastic cap for forty years.

Aragawi

is still

xvii. 6.

"Ytd^-

?;ra'g, interj.

0!

is

used for contradic-

considered as the tutelar saint of the monastery of Debra Damo, which monastery is one
of the most renowned convents in Abyssinia.

tion, for abhorrence, and for complaint or la-

mentation.
"I:

O, far from that! far be it!
>»<',"»:

"^^

>»CT-'H:
V. 3.

adj. i.q.

^T-'H: pregnant.
a
step.

I'Thess.

Ihd.l:
s-

Alas! alas!

T^tl^lzfie!

2

Kings
s.

viii. 12.

'h.C'iter,

iq- C*i- coagulation, coagulated mat-

?kOTP:
Rad.
?iiini:

the treading,

Ps.cxix.133.

esp. curds, cheese.
«•"!).

}\C*1.:

old, aged.
s.

Fem.

Om::
v. a. to practise
s.

?iC7,-t-::
execration.

'XCT'^T:
Deut.

curse,

malediction,
2.

usury.

Bl.

xxiii. 5.

Prov. xxvi.

Rad. ^lou;:
are used

«^^"1=
JkCT-ll:

usury, interest on

money

advances.

?lC^<i,•l: s. ARijGRiiSSA, red berries of a bitter

a parasitic plant with
taste, wliich

Ex. xxii. 25.
s.

Nehem.

v. 7.

&

adj.

Ar.

CJoj

Heb.

ntO"1

as a medicine in bowel-complaints.

moisture,

humidity, wetness;

moist,

humid.

:

(

120

)

hfl6.C:
s.

.

.

.

htlt"^i6:
work of art,

viel.

Al

CT-fl::
i.q.

Gen. XXX.

37.

Rad,

hfli-C'
TttldA".
y%i\tl''t"-

labour, uork, especially

^,a\n•.•

mechanism.

Ex. xxxvi. 35.

I^C'Vn'V-:

CTn-T:

s.

Ar.

h^j
4.

wetness,

s. s.

Vid. y^JM^.-l::
chameleon.
s.

humidity, moisture.

Ps. xxxii.

'>»C'P•ni'^: idem.
?k«C<5.: v.n. Eth. 04*5.::
to rest, to be quiet, to

]^fj«|>in}C^:
sit

one who

sets

down, or makes

to

dotcn.

acquiesce, to take rest, to repose.

Gen.

ii.

3

tvtX^R'^'
previously,

adv. in the beginning, al
before,
ere.

first,
1.

ago,

KC^TAf:

"for he rested."

John

i.

Rad.
Ar.

K"^*!!*?,: caus. to
pose, to calm.

make
Matt.

rest, to <jive rest, re-

xi.

28: yi\ffO: J^i^

?»fin: v.a. Eth. rhrtn: Tig.
w-J!iO.

thrta"

C^.^iAU't
Yt^4/t"a.

"

and

I ^vil! give

you rcsf"

Heb. IltJn — T
inf.

<o think,

mtdilule, con-

Tigr.
cf.

}^^^:

foam, froth, scum.

sider, to reckon,

mjfj'fl: "the thinking,'"

Mark

ix. 20.

Eth. d.Q,K: "suit."
Al.

"consideration,''^

"thought."'

Gen. xxiv. 45:
I

yid.Q,^-s.

rest, repose.

Of^^'t*::

.P-Ul'}:

"^rs-n:

"when

thought

this,"

f\tlt\^^^: V. n.

to

be

a Mohammedan.

" meditated thus."
^jj'rtfl:

"Vflt^O^: pass, hammedan.
Y*.^fl£\^^^'

to be

made or become a Mo-

IJass.

to be meditated, considered, re-

flected or thought on, to be borne in mind, to

cau.s. to

briny over to the

medan

religion, to

promote the

MohamMohammedan
tlie

be an object of thought
to

;

to

be remembered
:

;

be reminded.

Ex. xvii. 14

"iv^£

^

religion.

fl'fl:
s.

"that

it

may

be remembered.^''

Ezek.

]?»flA9«: and '^iM'A'?":

(1) Islam,

Mo-

xxxiii. 13:

R-^-U: U-A-: ?i-V:Ml'flA
righteousness shall not be
cause thinking, excite to
Isa. xliii.

hammedan religion.
?k*^A<i:
s.

(2) a professor

of Islamism,

^fo

:

" all his

a Mussulman, a Mohammedan.
cup-bear er, butler
tlie
;

thought of in his favour."

the servant wlio

?i'lrtn:
thinking,

caus.
to

to

remind.

has to present
.J

drink at meals.

Gen.

26: ?ii^i*l

xl. 1.

Rad. ?iilA<5.:

Vid.

hAd.::
one who has small
ears.

n^:

"

remind me!"
commemorcde.
Ar.

^ c 5

?iflr!l'rtn: caus. to cause being thought of, to

2\f|oti^: Ar.
Lev. xxi.
?»fl''^'^
:

^^*.^\ adj.

make remember,

to

18.
s.

K^-n:
witchcraft, magic, sorcery.

s.

Eth. (h"1'n::
thought,

^LU^

Heb.

Rad.

n^tfriQ
reflexion,

meditation,
opinion,

consideration,

2\rtaTJ: Vid. nai):: ^kff^'T?': s. a sorcerer, magician, charmer,
wizard.

supposition,

remembrance,
xxiv.
1 5.

recollection,

memory.

Gen,

vi. 5.

Ex.

vii. 11.

x\ii. 18.

?kl1l'inC=
condition.

s. fA(?

breaking, fracturing, destroydestruction,

?vfl"^'r^i1": i-q- hfi"")'"!":: stale, and practice of a sorcerer. 2 Kings
^ o
..

ing
ix. 22.

;

breach, fragment, fracture,

c

s

ruin.
|

Rad. (*in«i::

?kfl"^l^i.:

Ar.

J^srL«w«.l

Ezek. xxvii. 24.

?iirt''t': »•

deceit.

ykfl^^TM:
hyacinth.

Pers. Jij^lXlT

Revel,

Etk thfl"^:: iOP: "it
:

lie,

falsehood, untruth,

is

a

lie,""

"not

true,'"

ix. 17. j

"false""

—.

Tn^:

"to speak untruth:"

"to

lie.""

J\«TlC=

»'•?•

"^"^C:

LuJ^e
pi.

i.

23.^

txtl'i"-

s.

Rad. fhrtO): "mentitus est." Eth. a certain sort of trees in Abyssinia.

f%ft'6.: Ar. s,^l
Isa.
iii.

19.

x^l chains, fetters. "ornamental chains for rt"7i^^
of

Ki1'1f:s. Heb. U)N/re.
'f\t\'V^^^^.'a-

one

who

waits on sick persons,

worn

at the ancles of females."

amirse.

Rad. hfl^'""''"::

Vid.

2\ouoo:

Jp^fl'j-oi]^: s. teacher, instructor.

In Shoa, often

::

ti.fifX"Rconfounded with

••'^^'n"scholar."

(

121

)

hfi'h:

.

.

.

rx^d,imorning
"^''^
till

'f^i-

Vid.

IhflTn: ^"J:^: Jl:dS^' "from >i,flYl,«rani: RdS\evening."

^^
=

Tttlt'C.'X'^'
lator.

{J^*^^ Rad. ?iflt"«!i>oo: Vid.f^^T-oiJi.-

^-

^^-

interpreter,

trans-

comes." Gen.xix.4:

YinA'trm':

£9^^

1ext\\\- hfnj"IA.(I>':
to

RdSl'. "from young

Isa. xliii. 27.

?\flTnCfruit,

s-

ASTANACAR, a plant with a spinous

containing stupefying seeds which are

9: K^IT^: >»f!ln : tmUnC.: old." v^il-. "and they arrived to the breaking of. his door," i.e. "had nearly broken his door."
Pii^lri
:

V. a.

to

fold the hands, passing the

used in fishing.
y»fl''l"'J4.'^- i>^^cth, respiration, breathing.
ii. 7.

Gen.
aliar,

fingers of one
other, i.q.

hand between those

of the

Rad.
adj.

?ia)hf 14"

l(i_rt::

KrtTf*:

&

s.

/a/se, deceitful, untrue

;

^jflYl^: part, of courteous request. Lat."quaeso." pray.' please.' "isftVU: Tx'i^- "pray let us see " Mai.
!

deceiver.
i.

8.

"htVWtS.inf.

V. a. to understand, to
"

comprehend.
"?»

oigflTTA:

the comprehending," " unPs. xiv. 2

?»fl^A:
rt£:

s.

the yolk

of an egg.
essai
:

derstanding," " comprehension."

inteij. of rejoicing,

eh ! ay

!

aha

.'

po^j»f|-l"(I>^^: t\iSp: "a man that underderstands.''^ Ex. xxxv. 34, 35.

Isa, xliv. 16.

?ifjyK" ?ilX.PK"

?irtj?g-:

and

2\rt.

?iflTT£:

adj.

&

s.

understanding, prudent,

comprehending,

skilful,

circumspect
/

;

a

man

_Pj^: one who transmits, hands or delivers over Luke vi. 17. to another; betrayer, traitor.

of

understanding, esp. magician.

c^-l^^~.~-

?\rt^:

s.

Haggai ii.

17. i.q. |*|^:

Ar. 11^

cricket.

?\fl't'TP-'P:

fern.

idem.

Ex. xxxv. 25.
Vid.
'^'t'::

ihiflP^: Ar. ^ij^l presents, esp. bridal presents.
Isa.
s.

Pi"^^:

s.

seducer, deceiver, heguiler.
7.
s.

iii.

21.

pi.

of
1

j'j^.
Tim.
i.

2 .Tolm

?ii^^^:

persecutor.

13.

Had.

ixtX^^H'
sor ;

&

adj. trouhler, molester, oppresdifficult.

troublesome, molesting, painful,
ii.

J^i^J^T,:

s.

<i(/or,

trainer, educator,

governor,

2

Kings

10: ?if|T;ji:

MC,: "a

difficidt

pcedagogue.

Rad. ?»i^^T;:

Vid.

gT"
to

thing."

?»fmi:
to

one

who

causes tribute

and customs

^irtV:
(j.v.

V. a.

show, to
Is often
It is

offer, exhibit, to

render,

be paid, publican,
tribute

custom-officer, collector of
1

to do, to

make.

exchanged for ?i i^

P

and

duties.

Kings

iv. 6.

sub ?iP::

joined with

many

of the

*?»rtni:

act. to spread, extend.
to

same

particles as ?»A"-

for the purpose of

^rtffl: pass,
2\rt"l:v.2.g.

be spread, extended.

Bl.

constituting

active

and

transitive

verbs,

?irtm::? P'Pi-Jffl'^:
>.

spread-

whereas with hf^- they are but neuter or active, e.g. ^tl- —• "to give joy," "to
gladden."

ing?

2 Sam. xvii. 19.
'v.a. to deliver, rescue.


TI?":

?»flfDA:

Ps.

lix. 1.

:

"to silence."

>,h,:

:

" to persuade," "

make compliant" Ptnj

?if!m'flA'=l*:
Chald.

Ar.

c^Lk-],

plural of

J^j,

^fy%: i-q- P•'^A''^: or pot^TA: "one who is called," " whose name is."

«^nttD« Gt.
stable.
s.

(rra^Mov.

Lat. "sta-

bulum."

2 Chr. ix. 25.
present, donation; the act of

conj. Lat. " usque," /o, up to, till, >»flTn: prep. Is generally followed by until, reaching to.

&

?»ft"lT:
giving.

gift,

Luke
s.

xi. 13.

Esther

ii.

18.

the postposition

J^<!^f|:; e.g.

"XflVl: fVt^:

?\flCB,{''!i:

oppressor, affiictor, tyrant; adj.
Isa.
Ii.

S'dtl: "as
house."

far as his house,"

"up

to his

oppressing, vexatious, troublesome.

13.

here," "^i fl Yl H.y -"to
"tUl now."

" liitherto."

Ti^t^&-

s.

one

who makes ashamed ; an
Ezek. xxiii. 44.

infa-

>»flVH>l:

Tm?T^: g7»C:

mous, lewd person.

R

: ;

:

htitn^i-t-i:

'

i^Ti'nd.'nd.:

(

122

)

^k^l^l^••^:
s.

.

.

.

:r«!'4:
of horses

Kfld.'l'tl'-S.Ar.
" absinthium,
'

jjjuvil

Gr.

a\j/i'veiov.

Lat.

2\fi^^'^:

the neighing

;

the

wormwood.

Jer. ix. 23.

Amos

clucking of hens.

vL

12.

2\n
'

:

V. a. to

rub between the fingers or hands. Ex. xxix.

Deut.

xxiii. 25.
2.

?vh*P: and ^iHT: s. sand, dust of the earth. Gen. xiii. 16. xxviii. 14. Jer. v. 22, Hab. i. 9. y^f: s. Tigr. J\^/h:: a word of extensive
signification, denoting vessel, utensil, instru-

"X"^'- pass.
:

Job

xxiv. 24.

Jin V. a. to desire. Vid. il :: ^i\: interj. of compliance, readiness,
readily
?\ A:
!

ment, furniture,

assent;

Pn.""r:

luggage,

tools,

implements.

:

"/urnzVure of the house."

P—

willingly

!

at

your service ! yes !

n.1': "house," "room," or "place of luggage;"
"treasury,"
'i

"warehouse," &c.
i.e.

io

say

'yes,''

to consent, to

comply, be ready,

Vid. fL'Tt*"

willing,

&c.


s.

^irt"?": to persuade, to

make

C^Cz
s.

" Vya.r-instrunients,''''

"anus."
"witli

J\^^cp.:
^ipffO;
s.

metier, founder, one u-ho melts, &c.

comply.

measure, proportion.

1^9"':

Tif'tJ:

s. i.q.

r»y:

thorn.
measure,^' moderation, moderately ; in proportion, proportionately.

^k^"tJR'Pln,:
.

one who, under the mantle of

secrecy, publishes secrets, especially of friends

^ejjuqcTD'p:

s.

seat, dwelling-place, residence,

a

tell-tale ;
s.

one

who

carries

on

intrigues.

^inm. xxiv. 21.

basis,

Y\^£\,'.

a horse whose feet are white, whilst tlie the body is of a different colour. rest of ^fj^«^: asuk'oko, a little animal resembling
the marmot: a minute description of it is given by Bruce, 2d edit vol.vii. p. 241—247.

frame,

stand or

trestle

on which any thing may be placed. 1 Kings viL 33. Rad. ftl'oofn:: Vid. •poofn:: ^x^itrq^: Amli. and Argobba, s. leather-bag, consisting of a tanned and inverted skin of
a goat or the like animal.
Tigr. A°«|*^5'-'

Jvh^n:
>if1^:

V.
s.

Vid. h'S»n::

Eth. rt*Ii'V: Tigr. fl^^^: ear or spike of com which has just ripened; any fruit which is guile fresh, .and scarcely ripe. Gen.
xli. 5.

Shoa flAj':: ?\^^.n„P: s. means or plnce of approach;
virons,

en1.

neighbourhood of a place.

Jos. ix.

Rad. q>d^t\::
?»3J"?9™^:
s.

the standing, station, stand, state,
1

"Jr^f^^:

s.

willingness, compliance, readiness, sub-

condition;

Kings

x. 5,

for maintenance.

mission.

Prov. xvi.
s.

15.

Rad. 'J^il."
Deut.

Jihfd-:
X. 17.

victor, vanquisher, conqueror.

?i'l'n^: s. a steep, a steep mountain or hill. Is opposed to the «l'"-A*l*^A'l': precipice,
declivity, pit,

deep valley.

?ifiVlA:

s.

mulberry-tree.

*Yv^n^--

s.

Tigr.

fhAT::

a look, glance.

Bl.

itxWfiO
infancy,

s.

child above the age of (d^g'iV't*:)

Yv^^:
K^d,hatch;

Ex. xxviii.

17. for JP't"'-^':: q.v.

and below that of

(-flA'tli'Tl'

v.a. Eth. rh'I'iS.:: to
to

embrace;

to brood,

youth, therefore boy or girl. The latter is often, though not always, called with the

feminine form ^khlTI^'P::

The

distinction

any thing. Gen. xxix. 13: ?i^f^7": "^WDd).: "and he embraced smA kissed him." Jer. xvii. 10 IJ^A:
keep
close

to

:

between the various ages, however, as has been remarked elsewhere (vid.'OA'tll^:).
is

JPAffiAKT^d)''}: tx^&^'f-: "the partridge hatched (eggs) which she hath not laid." Job
xxiv. S:

seldom duly observed.
^-

KT^JP: ^^4.A-: "they
i. e.

embrace

hftVlO'l'"girls.

J^oyhood, the age of boys and

a rock,"
rain."

" take shelter

under

it,"

from the
to

independently, to ttfi^dXi^' ^'^- ^° '"""^ Gen. move about, by creeping or walking.
i.

refl. '3"P&,' pass. brace one another;
j

&

to be
act.

embraced;
to

em-

embrace.

Gen.

xlviii.

30.

10: ^'V4,^Q}^: "embraced them."

!

": :

•r$»'p<5.: ...
'cfl. fo

J\'nh:
other.

(

123

)

txn'P:

••

'Tttl^:

"TS"!**?.vi. 18.

embrace each

Prov.

much

in favour with the Abyssinians, for the

seasoning of their meals.
i'J-

?»fl1'3'*^=
other;

rcfl.

& reit.

to

embrace each
other.

?in<l>: V. defect.

2\n*U: m.?in*ri:

f.

sing.

trop.
iii.

to

be

linked to each

I

pray, request, entreat, beseech thee.
beseech you.

7\*\^
bed

2 Chron.

5

:

>ȣ;i>: HQfl':

hflT^

^G^: "being /int«Z fo each otlier."' ^i-fl: Eth. s. Amh. J\n^:: Tigr. T\P" Heb.

^U-: / ?in^: s.

provender, fodder, forage
;

;

litter,

of straw for animals

straw which

is cid, chaff.

3^

Ar. ^I Father.
tlie

In Amharic,

it is

used

Gen. xxiv. 25.
JV'Il^: (Shoa).

only of

idem.
^__/,,,>^!/^!

First Person in the

Holy Trinity.
Bl.

>»"iH.?K-rijh.C: i^ll: "God the Father."
?i'flAA.'l':
s.

?ifl-?A«7"!XfS: Ar.
^l-^/^^J,

Gr.'ATrora-

stinging-nettle (a plant).

Apocalypsis,

the Book of

Revelation.
to flourish.

iMld,:

V. n.

Eth. -^lld."

Heb.l^n

to

join

to-

?inn:

V. n. to
xvii. 8.

bloom, to

blossom,
1 1.

gether, to associate, to assemble, to congregate.

Num.

Prov. xiv.

constr.

1.

•hrfXC"

A-fld.:
;"

" together," " being joined

Yl

K-fldJiJ: &c. " in junction."

li'v'^nn: caus. to
flourish.

make

blossom, to cause

to

:

J^:
:

with"

is

generally added, but
:

?»m':
^iH-n:
r^n-l-:

s. s.

bloo7n, blossom^ flower.

Ex. xxv. 31.

not necessarily.

Gen. xxxix. 14

7\'nCJ^:
i.e.

serpent,

fem. J^nfl.l'"-

Gen.

iii. 1.

/yf 1
*T|IJ'
:

"joining with

me

to sleep,"

" to

s.

Tigr.

?\P: Eth. Tvfl"
:

Heb.

ni;(l

sleep ui7A me."
" I

V^^|^: Pi.: "hrHd^: f™
together with him."

came
a

father. — J "parents." f: "7^^^ ther,"

Ar.

P^lCfl'f'i: —
i.e.

"father and
=

mo-

"Chris-

YiflHd,'
to form

^ct. to bring together, to congregate,
society, association, congregation.

tian /of/; er,"

i.e.

" Godfather:^
"

PlfB'h:


his

Tnn4"
Matt,

"father of penitence," "/a^Aer confessor."
his father?""

confessionary,"

recipr.

and

reiter. to join mutualhj

"TH-J: J^q-t^: "whatis
is

together, to stand in

mutual connexion, have
other.

and crq'i: ?iT|5: "who
"his father
is

communion, communicate with each
xxiii.

father?'"
is

i.e.

not

known ;" "he

30

:

nc,\: "and

we

i would not have been par-

OAfTnCf^®'?":
to blush.
silk.

a bastard," a very strong invective, most

frequent in Abyssinia, applied to

man

and

takers with them."

beast and inanimate beings.
Bl.

JiH ''I'?':

"Kf"'!'

Tifl^:

V. a. to

shame, put

PAiAG^:

A^: " a child which has no father

irirtiifl,^^: Pers. L^^^I

Ex.xxviii. 15.

?k'n<5'H: ^^.ji/.^

Gr. ofBpv^ov, purest gold.

Job

xx^•iii. 15.
'^^

?k'llC'^^"

ABERTAMO, hair nicely plaited,

firmly joined, and coming the shoulders and neck.

down

in plaits on

2\ni1l: v.a. Tigr. ihPrt: Eth. p-flrt::

Ar.

.1m

Heb. C52^ "siccus

fiiit

et desiccavit."

to dry, esp.

by wiping ;

to wipe,

wipe

off.

and mother," i.e. "orphan." 7»n>'"i": aJid^ifLT: contr. from TiTil "father," and n.^: "house;" lit. " house-father," ?. e. " master," " lord." it is used as an iiiteijective particle (1) in answer to a "call or address, as the English " Sir?" and "Ma'am?" e.g. A person addresses a man whose name is Wolda Gabriel he says, " Wolda Gabriel The answer is, Ti fL^ : Sir 9 (2) in prayer to God, YnWV: O Lord ! Gen. xviii. 3. (3) In
!

:

J-flrt: pass, to be dried, wiped off. Ex. xxxii. 21. ^kfl"^- s. Eth. a crime, misdeed.

juridical

proceedings,

complainants crowd
abet!

before the house of the judge, continually

2\n:

fi'J^:
s.

or ^^lnir^:
ab'sh,

s.

peppermint.
Vid.

exclaiming
until
plant.

?tn.^:

Kfl/Tt*:

abet

?in^:
?i'firi:

ab'asha, Abyssinia.

UH^::

s-

a certain leguminous

he admits them to state their causes. 7»n^: s. cows dung. E/ek. iv. 18. R 2

Ti-tl'i::

.

.

.

Knai:
stone.

(

124

)

?ilnm:...?»:r^iA'r?':
trs. to

>i-ni:

Eth.

s.

Hcb. ]!«

"J^-nt:

n<^^:

?i'^nn):
prop,
to

produce swelling,

to

tumefy

;

and "Svrnl: 11 4J^: lit "hailstone," "s/one resembling hail" i.e. marble or alabaster.
Ex. xxxi.
TklllL:
s.

puff up.

'K'V: s^Eth.>i'i.^::
Ar.

Tig-InU: fonoht:::
sister.

5.

Rev.

xviii. 12.

a

sTOo/Z thin turban, consisting

of a

piece of fine and thin cotton cloth of Abyssi-

e^^l Heb. JTiriN Clmld. nHN T T ?iTA: s. dregs, barm of fermenting
Ps. Ixxv. 8.

liquors.

nian manufacture.

Cf.

the

Hebrew tDilN
and

Lev. xvi.

4.
i.e.

^»:^AA:
Deut.

v.a.;osec?uce. Vid.

?»A: and ^fAA::

xiii. 6.

J^n-f:
Ar.

s.

aboox'a,

"our

father," Eth.
is

signifies, (1) the

Bishop who

sent from

the Coptic Patriarch in Cairo, and has for his diocese the whole of Abyssinia. (-2) Title of

^ill'AJZ: s. seducer, one into liis own views.

who persuades another Rom. i. 30. Rad "fxT"
Tigr.
irith

AA::
J^-forc: v.a. Eth.
Jii-

reverence given to the Abyssinian Saints;
e.ffh.n-'i': Kf\: Piarj; -our father Abba Gamma. h^thY- HA-fl: ABUNA zalab, crupper.

IT"";
to

If mi:;
a type or
Vid.
:

Ar.
seal,

Heb. Crirr

stamp

to print, imprint, impress, to seal.

(hf

ou: and I't-ou::
•?»:

Rom.

xv. 2S

JCtl^-'}

hrfirtli^'JlV'T:

s. s.

Av. ^_;~yul ebony.

Isa. xli. 19.

medicine, remedy, especially charm.

^d.: AC^^tD-: Tr9«lh: T.H.: "when / (shall) have sealed to them this
fruit."

p«I>/^gt»;
colours."

"the medicine or charm of Vid. «i»A9D::
:

-|"t"cnj

:

pass,

to

be

stamped,

imprinted,

sealed,

&c.
caus. to cause to stamp, to order

*?i'flt^:

s. type, form, model. Lud. ?»riP: Eth. and Tigr. to refuse, decline,

^^t^fau:
i.q.

sealing, stamping, printing.

J^J-in^:
?i.n,P:
'^BAi, n.

s.

i.q.

pr. the Abyssinian Nile, the Blue

'{f oi^: and rh:^^^^::
Ex. XV. 20. Judges xxi.
s.

J\»}-qD:

s.

atvmo, a small hand-drum, similar to
21.

River.

the

?inK:
ra(/e;

v. n. to be

mad, out of
inf.

senses, insane; to

YinC"
:

to

be foolish,

otjf|_^: the being
rage, fury.

K^1°rid„«J.:

Eur. atmosphere.
:

mad, madness, mania, foolishness ;
Deut. xxviii. 27.

J^T C

s.

peas,

i^^l

:

vetches.

—r\fh6:

(Tigr.) "hog-beans," i.q.

HlJA::

J^'lflJ^; caus. to madden, bring info madness. Matt. XV. 22: y^-nS.T^i^^'- "for (a Satan) m/ikes her mad."
"]?»'nj^:
s.

fv^i.i'ti: and J\-TC3fl: s. from the Greek dpoi'oi, a sort of reading-desk, consisting in

two iron frames, a longer and a

sliortcr one,

& adj.
a

madness, mania

;

mad, frantic,

joined together in the middle by an iron pin

foolish, a fool.

on each
mad, frantic.

side, so as to cross eacli

other and

y^tl'^:

adj. verb,
3-

to be folded up.
Isa. xxiv. 2.

On

the top they are joined
whicli,

hn!^6Prov.

lender, one

who lends;
'^^^-

by a piece of
the book

cloth,

on

when

extended,

xxii. 7.

from TxDS.^'-

0^4-

is laid.

'^'fl^\^:s.madness,phrensy,mania,foolishness.

2\'tr: Atena.
reeds, al.

(1) n. pr. Athens.

(2)

a mat of

hnPH
2\nni
Isa.
:

^fj: 'il"n: ABBA GOMBA, i.q. TiCXi^^'- ?•"• ABBAGAz, title of governor of a frontier
district in Shoa.
s.

thd,H''
'J

1?»'t*'i: s.

Ar. ijJ! an oven.
pi.

J^i-VlA-r: and ?i:^Jl^\•r:
" plants;"

of

ttlgi:
2

JMl^TIi^:
i.

state

V. n. to
6.

and dignity of an abbagaz. swell, to be turgid and tumescent.

generally used as a singular, garden.
s. i.q.

^T^ATV:
XXV, 12.

TViJE:

gardener.

Kings

^

:

Kte^-

• '

M^tis.

(

125
9.

)

S^^fl'n:
s.

.

>ii*n:

Yt.'Ve.: and ?i,'rp.p.'1s:

Qupeti.

Rstlier

i.

"iS'If!"^:

animal.

h^yy.:

s.

a

.s/(//i/,

aspect, vision.

Ex.

iii. 3.

h/fP'k'yi n- pr. Ethiopia, Un*l: Abyssinia.
B.*!!:
f.

classical

name

of

^i.-l'P'J*:^^: m. adj. ?»,^P-fr_p^-tJ:
Etiiiopic,

&—
xii. 1.

an Ethiopian.

Num.

YiTl^flA: s. a bulbous plant with red juice, with which the Abyssinian women dye their hands and feet red. '^'Jrt.-'f: s. ENSET, a very beautiful gramineous plant, of which Bruce has given a minute
description,
vol. vii.

?\'r.^SC* s. (1) from ty^d,::

residence, nojourn, the lodijincj.

pages 149

153.

Its

(2) play, sport, trifle.

Rad.

leaves are

made

use of in Gurague for mats.
Ar.

^^"

Isa.lvii. 10.
s.

J^lfl^: s.&adj.
J cmitiine.
?i'l'i^"'T":
takes too

^^T£ii"I:
?i,'tn.:
s.

the

being browjht up, education.

^

Heb.

TTlD'<^ female,

Acts xxvi.

4.

Queen-doivager, Queen-mother.
:

>i^^:

i-q. 'V-Q,:: Deut. xxv. 9 "X-^S.: Afl'l': " let her spit ujjon liim."
s.

'^O

J\l'I>: V.
dit,"

s. a cheater, defrauder, one who much profit in commerce. a. Eth. O^*!*: "coUo torquem appen-

ttrVQ.'X: Job XXX.

the spiltimj,

spittle, i.q.

'V^^"

and 'i^'p:

" strangulavit," " suffoca\-it."

10.
s.

Tigr. idem.
to

Heb. p^Il

At. ^jj^

i.g.

'ii'p::
Jer.

'f\'\'Ci.'}'&.-

nent person.

an over-curious, saucy, impertiRad. jS^fd."

suffocate, to strangle.

Matt

xiii. 7.

f

xvi. 16.

"M,- pron. subst.

1

pers. sing. Eth.

and Tigr.

•J-i^

:

pass, to be suffocated, strangled, to

hang

M:: Ar. lif Heb. '<:« /. Gen. Pt: "my," "of me," "mine." Ace. "^jiT " me." t\V.: " to " or " for me." ni : " in," " througli,"
:

oneself.

Matt, xxvii. 5: ^^<f»•7n: qo-l": "and he died by hanging himself"

?if«5"
xvi.

or
to

"

by me."

As

affixed

pronoun,

it is

— *5: modified by preceding or
e.g.

changed

followino-

vowels;

mfl'I'^: "he protected me."
telling me."

s- " suffocater, hangman, executioner. Jer. 16: -flH- hf^^'JT": Tirt^Alh: J?*13:^®'°^A: "and I will send many hangmen, and they shall hang them." s.

'fl/VfA: "he
beat me."

oots^: "they
Gen.
i.e.

^kl'^^AA:
"

egg.

p—

:

Oh;}: "albumen,"

the glair," " the white of an egg."
:

txWf:
!•"

inter], look!

behold!

xxii. I

:

>vl.

h fl^.A

p—
6.

" the yolk of an egg."

Deut. xxii.

\T\.

>»i.:

"behold me, I!"

"here

am

?>i1'!»A<i,= V. n. to sleep.

">»^:S.^: "fo/ioW

her!"

Is

used also

?\"nni'A4.:
hn^^.d.-s.

trs. to

Gen. ii. 21. produce .sleep,

to

make

in conversational language, as an amplification, similar to our "you know," "you see;"
e.g. Isa. xlviii. 7
:

sleep, to lull asleep.

c sleeper.
sleep,

X^j^'"^A:

"lest
I)

txiSi^-X^: thou shouldest say, I, you
"M,-.

'MW:

"J^T^^A^:

s.

slumber.

rtn'rG\t^V^:

adj. sleepy,

drowsy, full of sleep.

know," (Behold
JVlrt: v.n. Eth.

"

knew her
to

(itj."

hn^C.:
?^^•|'C=
throat.

s.

epighttis, the uvula.

T^rt:
to

be or become smaller,

Ar.^i a
s.

cave.

Isa. xlviii. 10.

minor,

less, to

diminish.
be

Gen.

viii. 13.

"txVPil^:

crop, craw, icen, swelling of the

:Mrt:

pass.

& n.
:

made

smaller, &e., to

be diminished, to be smaller, &c.
adject,

Hence the

>k'i*C:I'9°:
swollen.

adj.

&

s.

one whose throat

is

^rrfi
trs. to

" little," " small."

h^lfl-

make

smaller, to lessen, to di-

hn^<^^ll:
(trs.)

s.

the mover, motor, one tcho moves,

minish, to reduce, contract.

>»^flAA
WTlfl:

s.

a certain plant

Matt,

xxiii. 23.

Ar. ^^a^ji) sparrow.

Job xxxix.

26.

Rad. ^|*|«l>rt:: >V-5«|>^/^. s. a species of lizards. '/k^^-fl: s. (1) a sort of icide baskets (Amh.) Deut xxvi. 2. (2) A long and narrow bag

"

;

>kTI-l':

.

MTT:

(

120

)

Kilf

-h^R-

made

of palm-leaves, in

trausport their salt

which the Danakil from Lake Assal. (Shoa
Bl.
>»TCEfc'"'l':

^i.l.J'iand P,J.:^: honourable title of address of servants to their master, subjects to their

and Dankali.)

governor, or of any person to a superior

^Tl'i':

s.

the garbles of corn.

gentleman:
fv'i'Vi.fl:
s.

Sir,

My

lord,

sir!

my Lord!
i.q.

"5^1^^:
q.v.

s.

improper spelling for

supporter of the head;

TTf
name Greek

'hn^rijV-.s. Tigr.

0^*^•r

:

Eth.
;

O*^"!'::
a scandal,

^ilTT:
as the
ieiva.

indef.

pronoun:

the what's his

aKavSaXov. astumhlintj-hlock

trop.

French chose, German
"i'»^Vl'::

dimjerich,

an

offence.
s.

J^^'n:
P'f-::

Eth. ^^^'nC^: a tear.
Kth.

pi.

Amh. "KT
Jer.

'hn'f\-- >»^Yl.::
••

impcr. of 1^1:

^f-flO::

Ps. vi. 6.

take

!

xxxi. 16.

I^^Tri^: (1) part, of intensity, even, yea, syn-

onymous with
"ixi-TlAT and "J^iaArr : 1 Chron. xv. 20. conf. also theHeb.bSi. Vid. >i9»'flA5-:: Zech. i. 8. Vid. fi!7on^^-: ^^'5nAJE:
:

fllVj^::

(2) interj. a/ia.'

Ps.

XXXV. 21.

^i^1^•A:

s.

a hollowed gourd used for liquids;
s-

i.q.UfOH*}^::
K'Vniy.tl'measles.
^- '^

hmC:
licus.

s.

ambra. Cant.iii.
s.

6.

Vid.

?i9«nC"
""*^'"

Lud.
a loced.
to be

>»'i'flC'l*=

Tigr. i^^•^nCt;"
vii. 3,

"XT^TJCE-K"?ki'lni*l:
V. n.

(certain herb,

"a^'''^'

Eth. AVVfXtl:-

lame

in the

Cant.
s. s.

hlttl^:
>»'?P'l:

lion.

PL

Eth.

^r-nfl^::

feet, to halt, to hobble, to claudicate, to limp.

Acts

iij. .3.

a suckimj-calf. Vid. >,"?«Pi^::
Vid. ?i7oni1:: a
readc-r,

^kinH:
?k'jnn.-"

?\'t5Ylrt:
?i'}V]
1*1 :

trs.

to

lame,

to

cause halting,

s.

s.

one who reads.
ii. 2.

limping, claudicating, to

maim.
feet,

Matt.
s.

xxiv. 15.

Habakkuk
s.

&

adj.

lame in the

maimed,

KinHC^
If only

axbabEro, a sort of Abyssinian

halting, limping, claudicating.

wheat-bread of a loose consistence, having three cakes baked together into one cake.

Tx'i'nfh:: ?»^^^L: 3\lVlh: and fh^^nh.:: a staff terminating in a sharp pointed iron,

one side of this large cake
little holes, it is called

is

covered

y^'i^CiJ^^VjVi
:

P^rt. of negation, no
V. n. to cry aloud,
cf.

!

make a

noise, exclaim.

over with

U-AU'P':

Isa. xxiv. 14.

KfjlrsVi::
acrimonious fruit.

if both, it is called l^fl^'P':

'hnn.'X' Vid. ^•F'a:!'" 'Jil'IlT^ : s. K?;ni;v,'Ai, a certain plant.
xiv. 9.

J^'}^!^: s. a Gen. XXX. 14.
2

cherry-like,

Cant.

ii. 3.

Kings

"l?»^Vl^: conj.Eth.

VnTh " consequently, hence,
;

"fyiUCi^:

9. locust.

Ex. X.

4.
;

sing. Yv\-V- pron. subst. 2d pers. masc. ?il¥:; Tigr.lfl'^: m. IflTl.: f-

fern.

John i. 21 therefore, then. "who then art thou?" >»"i1n,^fl:id. John i. 22.

'^'lYi^f':

dj

W:

Heb.
thou.

'/FkfiDC,'

s.

a shame, disgrace,
Ex.
v. 19.

offence,

infamy,

nntH m-

"^riK

f-

Ar.

^\ m.

,^f

impropriety.

f.

?»l*PQ)C-

^'

°

gfeO'l'

Rad.iQid."disgrace, a highly offensive

J^TP: pron. honorif. 2d pers. sing. you. but less is more honourable than J^TT:
than >iiCrtfp::

This
so

thing, ignominy.

Ps. lvi.8: ?iiT(D<f;'?: :^a>

^ AO

:

" thou knowest
s.

my

utter disgrace.''^

'ff\,^C,fl,'J'tl:
s.
f.

Eur. University.
iii.

Geogr.
Prov.

>»f^: & -^rt-P"
Jv?**:: mother.

Tigr.

>kr:: Eth.
Job
ii.

yxlUCft"' 2 Sam,

29. for staff.

xxxi. 19. for spindle,
7.

^f'l':

s.

vertex,

crown of the head.

hnS^i m.

Tx'iS.'^-

f-

num

Eth. hthfi,:

: :

: :

WiRTigr.aiJ»j fem.rhTI;:: Heb.
one.

(

127

)

Xl^:
:

fx-iRV:
and
that

im Ar. l^)j
?l^^^^:
by
:

t'TD

" that

we

are no< to eat,
it, lest

we
(/^

are not to approach

we

should die."

m^: "in one," "jointly," "unitedly,"
?»'J^: ^IJJ-: and
ones,"

>iT^:
'hn^'U
this)

conj, (corrupted

from

"AlKinO
'

"together,"

(Shoa.) adv. (contr. from "^1^.
so,
i.

"by

"singly," "severally," "one

°'' ^"^^

^^
"

'•

one," "

some," " several."

"some persons."

^il^l J^ Al^lj^: y.m^°^A:
l1 0)is

thus.

With emphasis: 'ix'iZ^::

-OH-: "11: JET'.'^nU'A: "it some, but injurious to many."
T,H.:

useful to

?i^^'^.l^:
part, of

&c. hnZli^'I""became." John iii. 14, so it was,' or IhlKU"}: from "hTiR- ^^'^ U"*"" '^ '^

Gen.

8, 9, 1 1,

m-

and

16.

"' ^'^

"now and

then," "sometimes."

and merely

if.

PlFl:

'ix'iZ' separable

and inseparable

com-

Vf

—"

if ^^

be."

if-T : adv. as now.

parison, resemblance, condition, and intention,

serves as a preposition, adverb,
(1)
like,

and conjunction.

/ioo/),

hoop-up, whoop, lapwing (a bird).
Ae, it)
;

As

a Preposition,
to,

it signifies, as, like as,
to,

similar

according

in proportion
iii.

to,

"KlKCl"'"- (froni IhTiR- as, and >»crh: as Ae or it, like him, like it.

and the
xxii.3.

like.

"KlS^O: (from

"like this,"

^kl^H.^:

1 Kings and ^UO "Al^: "so," "thus," "so much," &c. (from-Al^: and PKU: gen.

Gen.

i.

27.

5.

hnS,fl^xxii. 15.

s.

roof of the mouth, the palate.

Ps.

of^U::) "as this," "like to this." "hTiR H.^: (fromVi^g: and PH.^: gen.of ^::)
"as that," "like," or "similar
to that."

"KlS^'t": part, of interrog. (comp. of T^lg: as, like, and P^: or E.'t':) as what? how? " '«'«' are you ? " Tilg.i' : "Ki^,^ : ?" " hast thou passed the night

5^1

XT

J^KCtl

:

I'ow

'7\'}^^''

part,
!
:

of

assertion,
!

certainly!

un-

RCftit."

"

as he,"

"

as

it ;"

" like

him," " like

doubtedly

yes
s.

cording

-hTiK- Q,9K,- or "^IK: "»»j;^: «'^to liis will," "as he pleases." "AlK^
"as'

"XTR,^'!!^
?\T^""'f':
s.

quality,

(seldom used.)
:

any,

any thing ; with a negation

(D^'C: "°* always,"

usual."

Xl^:
to his

J^tp:

or

>i1K: ^A"!::

"according

power or ability." 'K'i^-t-- (from >iTK: and P^: or ft'V: "as what.?" "as which?"

"how?"
(2)

MJ^^T: ^IlACDAKT": "he has not taken any thing. As a particle of interrogation, per/iaps ? Matt. xxvi. 22, 25 Yti "perhaps is it I.?" $^: >»t: >»in: 'hnK'i. s. (froiu "JVlK and "hi.: " as I," " like
nothing.
:

:

As an Adverb,

it signifies

the same in

me,") substitute, representative, lieutenant ofthe

relation to verbs; e.g. ^Ci"f'= "S^^K"- ^^S.

King or
:

Prince,

i.g.

ocflAl,:

g.v.

^1: "as he has done." "^IT: "rtlS; (Dgj^UQ)': " as thou didst like it."
(3)

^i'J^l'J* munion, participation, communication.
s.

unity, union, re-union, concord, com-

Deut.
all-

As

a Conjunction,

it has,

besides the sig-

xxvii. 15;
together,

TJ^i'T:

in

unity, jointly,

nification of resemblance and accordance, that

with one accord.

of intention, uncertainty, and condition ; that, in order that, to, in order to, so as to, if. ^ilT

pan-i^fl: ^^tl:
the Holy Ghost."

2 Gsr. xiii. 13:

:

"the communion of
one,

>»'}^g4"JUah: ,^nAA:

"it

is

said that

K^^IS:singly,

01"

^"iR"- h.'iR- one by

thou hast done it." Gen. xii. 11: a)"fl: fht"- "hTiS.- infi"- "fhat thou art a hand" : "i^'iKiri: some woman." '/ they "say "5^1:: ^klKlTlil: see thee."

by ones or units, several, severally.

^ph

T^H.: "every "at times."

now and
:

then," "sometimes,"
individuals,"

flOp: "some
Yld.

ni:
iii.

" seueroZ persons."

YviR::
h.

tlmt

thou art

my

sister."

Gen.

3

:

^^T

hliS,Vf^6,:

adj. tlie first, the only, the single,
:

"the eleventh."

'JhTiRV:

h'i^'V:

(

128

)

"ATIA.'H:
:

>»1ltt"V

''^'^ "*' f>o^l'?»^]^: and "hV"from >»1K: and PHLO: gen. of tt'iRH.V: ^tl: as or like this. >»1KH.JP: from >^^K: and PKJ?: «« or

'>»^K^f= "* ""•

'XTIA.'H
person.

s.

&

adj.

Eur. English, an English

>»'1A"1C=
2\^;3i.:
s.

Eur. InghiUerra, England. fellow, friend, associate. (Is not of
°- Pr-

common

use.)
s.

Luke
"'^

v. 10. Phil.

i.

7.

"h^^^:

s.

ENDOD, Tigr. fi'Il'l;:

the currantwhich, wlien

*'KYli'-

first
^-

milk after

birth.

Lud.
grumbling,

like fruit of a certain shrub,

^ThCI'C^
growling.

murmuring,

dried and ground,
for the
it

is

used

by

the Abyssinians

washing of linen, instead of soap; and
adv. comp. of

Y\'WV:

s.

Tigr. and Eth.

\\<\^:: Ar. jJLc

cleanses very well.

^^^K^H.:
once.

?^^^: and
is

"JJH,::

neck of man, animal, or thing; edge, brink, Gen. xxi. 14. xxvii. 16. Ex. rim, margin.
XXX.
4.

Phil. iv. 16.

—r:
vi. 27.
s.

«t»~«l.cp>:

executioner, beheader.

'h'iJ^Q.KG,'- Tigr. a plant which
perstitiously, as

used su-

Mark
^nl"!'"!":

a preservative, esp. against
it is

sort of oblong beads, black

and white.
'2.

infectious

diseases:

placed

into the

^'5'J^:

s.

very thin and small cakes. Ex. xxix.

house-doors, to keep the disease out.

"l^'jojP: adj.

&

s.

strange, foreign

;

a stranger,

'>k^^:

part, of uncertainiy.

Eth. and Tigr. >i

foreigner, traveller, guest.

Rad. n]^::
part. in consequence,

Igo^:: who knows? e.rj. Question, Where is my book? Answer, "A'i^: kx^ja, i.e. /c/o
nothiow. Ps.lxxiii. 13:

'ATiK.y and 'A'nK.W
:

consequently,

henceforth,

hence

;

therefore.

^lAl^9": nYlTP:

>i^j^: Afl-T: ^liJiU^: " and I said, SAouW ?" I indeed have cleansed ray heart in vain YkTr^: en'dje, part, of exclusion and contrast.
Tigr.

>kT'/£tJ: (DKtl: and lm"lK.tJ: (DiLV: "henceforth." Gen. xxxv. 10. xlii. 34. PT?. J^U: A^: "the after-birth." '/f\1i'^^i''t"- s. state and condition of a foreigner,
traveller, guest
;

>k9nnC"

^"^' except, save.

Is

always

j)ilgrimage

;

hospitality, lodg8.

put at the end of the sentence, or behind that part of it to which it refers, e.g. Eph. v. 4 "offensive words, jesting and joking, are not
:

ings

;

strangeness.

Gen. xxv.

Acts

x.

6

:

7iO>^*}^:
23:

y^'i'^RW: tTOT-lTA: (DS.
" lie has

rtfl)':

come

to

lodge with one."
re-

becoming
6.:

to you,"
(is)."

thanksgiving

«^fi;jr: "5^^g:: "but 11 tl VELtiOt} :tj&.:U
:

"ivTI^i^'/": TfllA^rO)': "he
hospitality,"
i.

ceived them (to)

e.

" lodged

hTiR: ?i^l>V: IM^R-T^a)-:

">»'*
i

them."

g-: "do not identify yourselves with the works of darkness, but reprove them." I^fj
killed
all,

TTA:

32: ThQff: 'h'ilRY'f. tfTO "he has his lodgings," "lodges."
s-

'7\YX^^C,'
tCVY-'V"i^TltC!,:
S.

« green frog.

Ex.

viii. 2.

Tigr.

except three boys."
s.

talker,

disputer, one ivho quarrels

>ii'}^'A^'^:

father of the greal-grandjuLhers

about words.
s.

(Shoa.)

Al.

TVhtiJV-:
AI. "jcq,::

great-grandfather.

Vid,

9"HAT::

(Shoa.) a sort oi grass.
s.

Ifx^^i.: s.

Tigr. 7iTl.«5.:: argobba

Tl^C-

'K'iTATA:
sory:

a small chain or hook, suspen-

common
^'jg'"!':

designation for bread.
viscera, intestines, bowels, esp. the 2 Chr. xxi. 13, 19. Used also as a
:

Rad.
:

mAmA"
a mechanic, a
1

s.

2\'i'Pi^V

s.

duodenum.
title

metals, wood, or stone.

of flattery towards superiors

IhAS"- ?\
i.e.

?iTT)Cp,:
lathe.

s.

a turner,

man who works in Sam. xiii. 1 9. one who turns on a

I.S't:
Lord,

"™y

who

is as

Lord! my dear to

bowels!^''

"my

me

as ray most in-

ward parts.'" This address serves usually as an introduction for some request or complaint.

Rad. ^fiini:: "^TtW^: s. sometimes improperly ^^<I»»1»: wood. Tigr.'AlXJil:: Eth. 00:: Heb. Often meton. used for tree. Gen. iii. i.

^

•Mr ;»•?<.•,

-f.—3

^l. >u,-

1.

},

.^

!

: :

MXi-.TlriYlA:

(

129

)

J'lfl-rVlVlA:
trs. to

.

.

>iYhJE:
equal, even, plain,

MK:

v. a.

Eth. rfilX: to build, construct, to
to

?»flT^TnA"to level,

make

organize;

work

in metals, ivood, or slunc;
xiv. 19
:

trop. to edify.

Rom.

"^f^ri«: nt^"^

Geu. xxx. 8: Yl't: ^6^'htrV^Ylfi^- "hath made me equal to
&e.
sister."

^'J9": lin^lX-: "and in edifying each
other."

:MK:

pass, to be built, conslructed, edified, &c.
to

35 T^KD''??" ^"h^^-t-: "and let }\fl'rllVlACD': them equally divide its produce."

my

Ex.

xxi.

:

?»«^iR: caus.

cause or order building, con-

^YhA:

adj.
;

&

s.

equal, half, plain;
reason, account
;

an equal
environs,

struction, edification,

&c.

part ; part

some ;

2\rK,:

s.

an

architect,

a builder;
;

labours in metal, wood, or stone

who synonymous
one
is

neighbourhood.

neighbourhood of Ankobar."
"thereabouts."

with h."i'V dX'

:'.

J^Iatt.

xxL

42.

nl'OtlC.: (lYtA: "in the n H. ^: nY> Gen. xxx. 27: TiTthA:

A

?iTHC-

S*

expect, view, front, that,

which
al.

over

"on thy

account."

Ex.xi.4:

oYVA:
:

A.'^:

against.

11 KC,'
Ex. xxvi.

over against.
9.

&fV'
Heb.

AA.^::
^^^Q.:
f]M
s. pi.

Rad. IR*^: Eth.

"at midnight." xxvii. 11: RWOflO: "XYhA: " towards north-east." Matt xvi. 14 Wth
ft.«jnD: "

/\>krq.::

Tig.flCiG^::

Ar.

and some." I^fl^ : ODll: TlThA: " three Masse and a half."
s.

i_fiJl nostril.

"Xl

:

pron. subst 1st pers.
s.

pi.

we.
Bl.

Mlti.£t:
26.
Isa.

Ar. JUKI
19:

Chald. «7''73 croum,

*"l?i^^^:

the first milk after calving.

coronet, diadem, u^reath, garland.
iii.

Gen.

xlix.

hykU^tZ-

s-

Eth.

inf.

from

?\'>»oo<',: "scien-

J\ViA.A:

pl- "garlands.'"

tia," " cognitio,""

" notitia."" knowledge, judg-

ment, reason, understanding.

HA:
fool."

:

"a

'XYl'A.J' : s. an equal portion, a half; the middle. Ex. xxiv. 6. Rad. KVlA"
fiYl dtJEI" :
behaviour.
s.

man

of understanding," "reason" or "judg-

walk, journey

;

trop.

conduct,

ment"

:

PA.ACD':

rt(D':

"an unreasonDeut.
v.

Num. xxxiii. 2.
Tigr.

Tig. 2\Tn jp

P^:
12.

able, injudicious person," "

a

^'flCXii?vVlfl'"l":

s. tlie

spine, back-bone, spinal column.

29: yniOh: n.inA^O)': ?i>,«70{^: " " that they had such an understanding

^O:

s,

;J^f ::

aunt.

Gen. xxix.
esse."

O

?i^r|j|_: (5_<^f|: a kicking-horse.

"

such judgment."

^Vi: interj. O yes! certainly! just so! ?i^A: s. Eth. person, personality, individualihj; and in common language, body instead of In theological language, it is applied to 1A
: :

?iYlT: Eth. UYlP: "pigrum non occ.

Amh.

^t'Yl't': V. a. to idle, loiter, be lazy.

ti^XvV'

trs. to

make

idle; to trouble, vex, to

be burdensome, to molest.

Matt

xxvi. 10.

theTlireePersons of the Trinity, wjiich consists
in pfl't': 'h'^^'V- "Three Persons." and these are jP'i^: liti^: "of one substance."

Mal.ii. 17.

Vid.

^VlT:
::

sub lit t*::
to scratch
:

^kVl^n:

V. n.

Eth. ihYlYl
itch.

Ar. liiu
xxii.

oneself, to

Matt.

V.

29:

person," for

?iVi^y: U'ff: "thy whole ^AtJ U'tf- " thy whole body."
:

"an
itch."

22 JPVlln itchy person," "one afflicted with the
idem,
caus. to

have the

Lev.

?»YlA: }\TlA: and ?iUA:: v. defect to be equal, alike, to amount to. JPOAA: "it is av-f-z -flC,: ^UAA: alike," "amounts to." PO^_p "amounts to a. hundred dollars." UA- " which is equal to," "amounts to."

^'VlYl

:

KOiVjYl:

make one

scratch himself.

y^YlYiVA.: "it itches or tickles me," "it makes me scratch myself" " I have the Uch."
^KY^ln : and
tlie

"T^YlA:
uniform.

pass, to be

made

equal, even, plain,

XYl^

:

s.

Eth.

^n\\::
xiii. 6.

Ar.

IL.

PT'OVJA: \&-

"it is equal,"

itching, the itch.

Lev.

&c.

"KYhJE: Eth.

adj. bad, evil, malicious, wicked.

: :

j\rijEriT:
pi.

..rrcDi':

(

130

)

f*P(D*:
"celebrated."

.

.

J^Oh^:

Ps, xxii. 16: "^iVh^T:: P'X'irh^T: "the assembly of the wicked.'" •jf.'l'i,:

Ex.

vi. 4.

TTQ)*!*:

rccipr. to know, to be

known

to,

ac-

hVl^fJ't': Eth.

pi.

of YlJElX= serpents, dragons.

quainted with one another,
ship with each other.

to contract friend-

Mieah

i.

8.
s-

?kVlK.*'Hi'?k'l<{.Ji:
s.

E'^r-

Academy.

Geogr.

JVfl^fl)'!':

trs. to

acquaint, inform, notify, to

one

who

causes payment, communi-

make known,
s.

to imblish, to confess.

cation, giving, &c., esp. arbiter, umpire.

Luke

TW^z
<P<1f :

(I)

one

who knows, a person of knowscientific

Rad. Vi«5.A:: ^ka^/V•: Vid. OCD'A-:: KtOA*!*: Vid-ffiA^P::
xii. 14.

ledge, skill

or learning, a

man, an
Y\

artisan; a magician, &c.
"

(2)

ptn^KI:

weight and checks of a balance."
T.ev, xis. 36.
s.

Gen.

^iTAS"-

s.
:

one
s.

who assists in

childbirth, midwife.

xli. 8.

Isa. xl. 15.

KTAJ^f
tvQi'i^'.

L female midwife.

Ex.

i.

15—20.

"^(Ih'f '"t":
?jifl)'J

knowledge, science,

informationi

Rad.(DAK"

learning, acquaintance. the male of animals.
i.e.

Rad. f\(D'l'-.

s.

Tigr. t\C'^'-

^Q: "male PA: "he-goat"
:

fowl"

"cock."

:

part, of affirmation. Etli.

>k(D
!

:

Tigr.

:

Q.

'^i'E:

and'XP'::
!
s.

A.v.]J\ yes! truly

indeed!

true
ivild beast.

?ia><i,: for h.C,*S
"ixdy-C.:

'7\Gy'\'X"-

truth, verity, reality, certainty.
is

Vid.
s.

OCDQ::
one ivho causes and orders plun-

lO^:
is

"it

true."

—.

ii.CD'&'i'
dering,

not

true," or, "is it
" truly,"

'h.SL^tS.I^: 'it not true?" IKD^i'l":
" certainly,"

i/t". ^(Sr'i.i: FiT-AijRARi, that General in the King's army who leads the

" in

truth,"

" indeed,''

"really."

Jolm

viii. 31, 32,

34—36, 44—46.
Ar.

advanced troops.

His dignity and

office is

described by Bruce, vol. V. p. S2. occurs also Num. xxxii. 17. Deut.
?i(D'<5.^ri:
s.

The name
iv.

From

the Eth.

^iTDit':

Heb. n2?2«

37.

^'Lol " securitas," " fidelitas."
"i^kCD'i'f ?*:
adj. true, genuine, sincere,

AURARis, rhinoceros.

upright,
26.

fi^CD^i,^: s. a person or thing which brings down, makes to descend. hay'^'j^'- s. a declivity, a steep, precipice. Jos.
X.11.

faithful.

John
s.

viii. 26.

Gen. xxxviii.

1?»(D'1't'*$i^:
authenticity.

veracity, sincerity, genuineness,
3.
:

Ps. cxii.

2\(DY1 :
to separate, select.

v.a. Eth.

U(I>Yl

Tigr. UCDTi.: to stir

tt.ay^QT'-^-'P^- ^^^°p^-

up, to move, disturb, to

excite, to irritate.

Ex.

/^(Dfi:

xiv.21.
y'(J}Yl- pass, to be moved, stirred up,
quieted, disturbed, excited.
dis-

7\(Bf\Tld,- V. a. to fold the hands together, i.q. ^•1*1:: f^iD'P: v.a.and 0(0*:: Eth. 0*5*: "caviC
"scivit."
to

know,
to

to

acknowledge, be ac-

KflS'flJVl: caus. to create disturbance and commotion, to agitate. Acts x\'ii. 8. hfflJP: v.n. Eth.

quainted with,
after the first

make friendship. Wlien, meeting together of persons
other before, they wish

OdhPCD::

to utter

woeful ex-

clamations, to bewail, lament.

who never knew each

y^QiS.-

interj.

woe J alas!
Jer.
i.

to contract friendslrip with each other, the visitor says to his new acquaintance "XlT,
:

7\xk

idem.

6

:

?i9aAVl: "alas!

O my

h'SJZ: 1:1' R : IfJE Lord God!" cf.

^IJ: iFxQi^^- "henceforth know me"
as thy friend).
-*|«(j)€|>;

(sc.

*PJ£: and (BP".: KGJ'^'r: s. Eth. Oayy-'f.: woeful und pain-

pass, to

be

known,

to

be

acknow" knotvn,'"

ful

ejaculations, i.q. *PJi3'::

VJrGi^'ledged, renoivned. " famous," " renowned," " acknowledged,"

TUSP^:

Eth.

OOhJ^::

circle,

circuit,

circum-

ference, period.

:

hOi^RO^:
?»(!)' J^'"J
: s-

.

.

?\Hinj^-:

(

131

)

hH^'V:.- -J-HH:

walk which the grain is trodden by (?i(I>'^ oxen, out of the corn-ears. Gen. 1. lo. ?k*PJ^ri s. AWADAsn, the Debtera or Priest who
threshing-place, the circular
ill
:

on the right-hand s*ide of the king's tent; and "|«5.'H"fl'T': one of the same dignity, to the left. Both these latter are inferior in
dignity to the Dadjazmatsh.

at Divine Service assists in singing and play-

2\H*-1*:
iMl.'fl:
s.

s.

Vid.

OH*^::
Ar.Lj^jl
'i^A*»'f: of the South (South-east.^

ing to the liturgy.
?kff)J^
\i\.

Vid.

(D^rt"
crash, ruin.

the south-east.

K^

=

27.

a fall, downfall, Rad. a).'?^*::
s.

Matt.

':

"the Queen
xii. 9.

?kTJ^: Eth. OTj^: (0*5 J^:) sic dictus."
in public the orders

Gen.

"pra;co, a circumiendo

:

n^:

to

proclaim

?kH^:
to

V. n.

Ar.

^^^

to be sorry, grieved, dejected, to regret, to re-

of Government.

Lev.

mourn, complain, lament;
;

XXV. 10:

YvC^'\••

9WJ^<5fl9": Ylfl^J^T: Hi.: ntroa^ni^: J\q>^: Ti^: "and
?i*PJ^: \HiGovernment, who has orders in public. Gen. xli. 43.
Lev.
xi. 29.

pent

to

spare, to save, to withhold.
:

Gen.

proclaim in public the liberty of the land with
its

?»'1'H'5: "do not be sorry." "hsLxepity on us " "spare us!" "i^HIAT:
xi. 6.

xxi. 12

!

(and of its) inhabitants."
officer of

^Hl:
object

pass, to be pitied, lamented; to he

an

a herald, or
Matt.

of pity
xii.

;

to

he

regretted, repented.

to proclaim its
iii. 3.

Zech.

10:

AflVlC: AS"?""cliild is

>k^£,:^H^: ^•HY.A:^A: "and
fhOK"^ « crocodile. rhH A :: to carry
death of a first-bom
will

*l"'^: as the

?iH:

s.

Tigr.
V. a.

lamented, so

?»H A:

Eth.

on one's back

they lament for him."
trs. to

or shoulders, esp. an infant,

?i'^H5:
and act.

grieve, vex, to

J'H A

:

pass, to be carried on one's back,

cause to regret and repent.

make lament, Gen, xxi. 1 1

to carry,

&c.

Ezek.

xii. 6.

1h^°|: ?i."^H^a)':"it<7rJ€t;edliimmuch."
Rad.

Y^^^im,:
J^-Hmj^.;
"H tn}^
:

s.

a sinyer, musician.
warrior.

H"™^::
J^^:
J\

xxvi. 35.

s.

Vid. Htrot-::
;

DADj AZMATSH
i.e.

literally, " the

warrior

^HT:

s.

Ar.

<i}J^

affliction, grirf,

sorrow, re-

of the door,"

the king's officer who, in the
field

gret, repentance.

Vid.

diHI"
?iH'kT?':
adj.

camp and on
royal tent.

the

of battle,

lias

to take

JVH'J'f?':

and

improperly

his stand in the direction of the door of the

grieved, sorry, afflicted, dejected, pitiful, regretting, repenting.

He
;

is

authorised to have one
is

John

xvi. 21.
is

NAGAREET bcaten before him, and
of a pro\-inee

governor

Y\Wi

: s.

& adj. one who

grieved, afflicted, sad,

and

if

he

siicceeds,

by royal

sorry, dejected, regretting ;

a penitent

;

a com-

Abyssinia it often takes place, by intrigues and by force, in assuming the government of other provinces besides, he is allowed an
favour, or, as in the present state of
additional nagareet for each province.

passionate person.

2 Chr. xxx. 9.

^Tf^^:

s.

any person or thing that makes, go
Acts xxvii.
17.

round, turns round; turner.
for whirlpool.

Rad.

H^::

The
is

name Dadj
Dag
it is

Azmatsii,

or

Dadjazsutsh,
IE;"1:

spelled in the Tigre dialect,

PiTloq't;:

Azmat'i;

and

this

some

travellers

have

improperly rendered Kasmati.
recollection, I

In Abyssinia

often contracted into Dadjadj; but, in

my

any thing which turns round, ODHfflC" 1 Kings vii. 33. ?iHH: v. a. to command, to bid, to charge, to order, to direct; to permit. Gen. ii. 6: K.iJ: rt.A: J^HHO)': "so saying, he commanded him." oosA^UI: "XHTIA*!:
?iiHTai)(^:
s.

esp. wheel; i.q.

^T

never heard the name Kasmvti,

except at Massowa,
Azmatsii, an officer

^%

:

h^U "^ ^ : Ka'ny
fights

"command thy book for me," book be given to me."

le. "let thy

who encamps and

J'H H

:

pass, to be

commanded;

n. to he subject,

?»HHr:
submissive,
iii.

.

.

.

PsflJ-P:
net.
to

(

132

)

hflT^P:..'hyt-.
caus.

obedient;

ohey.

Dan.

?kfl^.PP:

&
to

intens. to place into sight

AAl'V: ^-HH: "to you it is commanded.'" Eph.v.l: A^•?|^^l^::^HH•:
4:

of one another ;

place symmetrically over

against each other.

Ex. xxvi. 19: |JhA'"r:
so that the

"obey your parents."

inf.

OD:^HH:
Gen.
xli.

the 40.

!0*l- ntni-Hl-: hfllT^.e-rU: "placing
two sockets (under each board),
corner of either
its fellow."
is

obeying, obedience, submission.

?iHHf

:

s.

& adj.

one who

likes to

command;

opposite the

comer of
e.g.

fond of governing ; imperious, domineering. YiH'Jtfi: and ?iH^:: commander, ruler, prefect,
chief.

?»P- ?iP:
<PJi::
2

interj. alas

I

ah! woe!
oh! ah!

*PJZ:

officer
xxii.

Gen. xl. who was

1:

PI^^J,:
over
tlie

?iHK:
bread."

"the

set

Luke
chiefs

>iJE: interj.

Kings iii. 10. of compassion

:

52:

pao^j^f]: ?iH;H-^: "the
Tigr.

>»y:

s.

(1) title

of tenderness for a father, per(2) title of

of the Sanctuary."

haps our Papa!
to

honour, our

tMp-.
?iP:

V. a.

J^indi,:

weave.

Bl.
inf.

V. a. to see, look, behold, to view.

oq
:

Master, less than JSJE"?-: " M'ister." "h^Pz and "hP: particle of distribution and

P'f :

the seeing, looking, a sight, look, aspect,
view,
vision.

proportion;
H'fl)':
"

inspection,

?iA.EUQ)'7DT

e.g. ^v.PU'A-l- : J^flfou"! he set them (made them to sit) by

?»Ji^: ^lACiy^gu; "I do not recollect that I ever have seen (it) him." :^P:^AFl^: "you shall
(will) see it."

"hast thou not seen

him?"

twos,

two and two together." U-Af: h,P ^JEA-: ^fH-£%.' "each works according to
as preformative to verbs, serves to
;

his power."

^P:

form

^P:

participles
pass, to be seen, beheld, observed, viewed,

e.g.

Gen.

viii.

3

:

h.Pth.S.- ^».P
"saying."

to be

an

toattfiT": "as
"going
Matt.
to

it

went and returned,"

object
to

of sight;

to be in

view

;

n. to

and

fro."

appear; reR.
vision in a

manifest oneself.

Matt. ii. 12:

J\^A-:

ii. 2.

(lch£i'I"'I": J-JP%(D': "and they had a dream " (sc. by which they re-

^L^U-j^*!^: ra. ?»^U-^«]^^: fem. Jetvish, a Jew, a Jewess, pi. JS^lhJE^: Jews. Matt.
ii.

ceived orders).
2.

Acts xvi.
s.

1.

Rom.

ii.

9,

29.
nationality,

j-jpp: recipr.

to look at

each other,

to
:

be in

sight of one another.

Ex. xxv. 20

&^^
their

?»^lf"^l^:

Jewishness,

state,

Q^ffO:

p-J'yp: ^U-i^: "and

let
1

and condition of a Jew, Judaism. Gal. i. 13. ?t_PA.: an indefinite number, not inconsiderable; some, several.
days," "

faces be looking at each other."
vii.

Kings

?i^A.:

'p'^: " several

h'i^l": YnA'J^«5.(D': P6.: ^^^^•: " and each in view of (over against)
4:

some time," Gen. xxi. 34.

its fellow."

Ruth

?\PC-

iii.

14

:

If: iKD-: Art
not yet

In Abyssinian coss- ^VP' o-^^' wind. mologj', ether, ethereal fluid beyond our atTigr.

<D»:

^Jl.'ijt'j^y.-

"when man was
" before

visible

to

man,"

a

man

could see

?iJE'n:

mosphere. s. cream of milk.

?»^P::

another."
2\iTlP: cans, to cause seeing, to bring into
sight; to show, to demonstrate
;

?k^n'"r: s, large bag made of neaCs leather, of a square or oblong-square form, and having
the opening in the middle.
It is

to render.

used for

In the latter sense,

it is

exchangeable for

grain, to be carried on animals' backs.

?krtT: and
]\tl'^P:id.
to

T\KCI"

"^"^^ '^- S' ^^

t\y^:

s.

AVAT, grandfather or grandmother.

m/ike appear.

^P^:
i.e.

"make me

ti'i'hf"-t\tl to appear to the king,"
to the

His father is called P^^V": 'h^-'Vwhose father is ^tnj'")^: or 'fo^y'"!*::

"show me," "introduce me

Then
and

follows

hog^-V:

then

VHAJPi':

king."

lastly

"l^l^A^"

!

hSL^£i:.'TR"^?»JE^A:
which,
he or
e.ff., it

(

133

)

•^K-"^:
visitor.
«J,:

.

.

hRO
p^^oO'-VT: JER
call

cannot.

An

expression by

Matt.

xxii. 3:

a servant prevents visitors from

HIJ^:
them
an
a.

"in order to
to come).

the guests''

?iJ25'A: iQp: "he is not visible" (is engaged). ?»^^"A: (B*^"he is gone out on business." ?»JE3'A: t-tpaofii: "sits on business," a decent expression for " he is gone to the water-closet." "water of ?»_P1: s. Eth. Deluge. oqP:
molesting his master.

(to bid

y%J^"^.:
J'^^tn^:

age of life.
inviler,

Vid.

Ojf oift::
invites.

s.

one who

2\^«^:

V.I}.

Eth. 'i^d..- to pass a night, to
inf. (nj_i^(^:

lodge, to stay, to remain,

"the

:

lodging'' " staying," " stay," " a night's rest."
'^'5SL'"t'=

the Deluge.''''

J^.JP'^JP'JP': disjunct, pron. each, every one.

sing.) passed the

?iK4." "how have you (2d pers. night?" RVi'^t^: " have
well?"
i.e.

J^.y^J^^l^^'^^: "each of ^l.JP^^^Ji^^'l^: "every one of you." Tx^yiSJ^S/fQP' " every one of them. Gen.
us."
xl. 11.

Witirsuifixes:

you

2}assed the night

"good mornhave a

ing!"

ngiir:

^K<J.'i.e.

"may you

good

?\,P.Htl: m.

?iJEHn:

f-

be not dismayed.' be of

good cheer.I

respectfully:

?iJiH(p: be you
(it) li

"goodnight J" ^f^: J^KCU": "I have been fasting last night," i.e. "went to bed without supper." ?i*^K«i: cans, to make pass a night, to lodge,
nijr/ifs

rest!"

(id pers. sing.) not dismayed

flKtif :
not,
is

J^^KCV
Eccles. x.
4.

"

may He
!"

(God) cause
i.

h.^^fiV^

:

V.

def. negat. he

and
not."

thee to pass the night well

e.

" good

merely, no!

?i^^A^"9":

"she
f.

night!"

?kJ£^/MI7°: m. ?»^^Ah«7«:
not.

thou art

tx^C,:
the

the lodging, remaining, sojourn, being;

?i^^Alh9°: "I am
we are
:

not."

T\^^

sustenance,

rnaintenance.

Luke

xxi. 4.

you,

not.

Prov. XXX. 8: AJ^^i.: Pm^JPlTn: "Klg<5.: "the bread which I want for my mainunworthy.
tenance"

?i^in

adj. un/lt, imiiroper, unable,
16. for impotent.

Lev. XV.

J\J^^:

s.

any thing entrusted a
trust;

to one's protection,

ft^fai)
2\gA:
to

?»JET: and J\JE»: : s. an (mouse-coloured, from J^^gT :)
a^h-coloured nude.

s.Tig. ?k1Ep,tp:: mouse, rat.

or care;

a recommended person

protege; a recommendation.


to

;

a

:

?if°<^: or

:

?ifl'i'''Wfn: to deliver in trust, to entrust,
to re-

Eth.

t\^ti(D"

Ar. 3jJ

to respect

per-

put under protection, into an asylum;
to protection.

sons (in judgment) ancZ <o be partial to them,

commend

Ex. xxii. 7: oxj-T^tjO:

prefer and favour one before another.

Ex.

xxiii. C.

2

CJir. xix. 7.

Judc

16.

^J^A:
17:

pass, to be favoured, preferred, honour-

— KA
:

rKD-: ?iK«^: a^fC: (DRany man entrusts to his friend."
:

(D^: "if
Lev.
:

vi. 2,

"

to protect."

Ps. xii. 7

Yt^.i'

ed, to obtain

a priviltye or udmntage. Acts

i.

7": nA'Fa^: VjH,^: ^(DAJE^:" profed
them from
formula
"liCt
:

ARy?": o^l^lA: XRtV': \nO
-was favoured

(against) this generation."
is

The

"and he

with

this ministry."

?ij^^: ?»K^.:

frequently joined

^jl^^:

s.

portion, part, appointment.

Matt.

to an earnest request, or entreaty, signifying,
it

xxiv. 51.

J\ P"A*]^: countenancer ofpersons, a partial judge.

you!"

2\K<5.:

be most earnestly recommended to nm: Acts xx. 32 A">iT
:

and 2\JI^A9): 18-: partiality, respect of persons in judgment. Deut. i. 17. J^POD: v. a. Eth. Q^oo: "certum tempus

hRAQy-

s.

KJ^-flfh-C:

?*K^:

rtT5'^:S.AU-: "I

commend
5^":

(entrust) you to God." yR6-" son o{ protection," ^'protege," "hostage,"

A

alicui constituit." to invite to a meal,
,

visit,

or

2 Chr. XXV. 24.

feast.
j'jijofo: pass, to be invited, to be

a

guest,

a

hJ^C- s- rest. 1 Kings xv. 22 in}17°: ^^Jf C^- h^^RA: "let no man receive rest."
:

>»j^C:
>»3^C: November.

-^KT:

(

134

)

y-Rl:
trs.

.

.

t.$:1relinquish,
to

Vid. UJ^^C"

^J^T:
Deut.

to

make

deliver.

2\^<J.ri : s. Hw sitting-house, sittiny-room, parlour, that house, or place in the house, where
visitors generally are received.
Isa. xxii. 8.

xxii.
:

27:

^•y
invade
;

"

she

Po^-XKP't"i: ?i'\^T found none who delivered her."
Gen.
to

2 Sam. xix.

9.

xlix. 25.

Rad. K<rt::
?»K^.«?^1:
cxxvi.
2, 3.
'^-

hR^- "lA:
to
1

to

Tnake a military excursion; to

?»KO

'•

act, action, a great work. Ps. Rad. TxR^I:: iict. <o do, jierform, to make, to act, to
s.

an

war,

carry on war.
13.

1

Sam.
1.

xxvii. 10.

Chron. xiv.

2 Chron. xxii.

?»K<i.- ^^ °' to be unclean, dirty, filthy, spotty,
nasty.
ii.

accomplish.

Vid.

^d^::

PK<i.: A'flfl: adiXy

cloth.

James

h^iM,:

s.

the doer, worker, performer, labourer,

2,

workman. Matt. ix. 37. ?iKrt: v.n. & act Eth. thS.fi"- Ar. i^3J^ Heb. tt5^ri <o be neiv; to renew; to renovate,
restore,

J"gr5_: pass, to be

made

unclean, &c.
&ic.

t\^^&,:

trs. to soil,

render unclean, filthy,

reform;

to innovate.
.'"

Ps.

li.

10
:

:

^J^

Jobvii.5: on^-t:T7«: h'lj^is.TAr: " for it soileth even the dirt." Cant. v. 3

:

f|: imp. " reneiu

2 Chr. xxiv. 13

?\_l^|"|':

1hn?Jl-: ?>i«1^^TAU': "how
soil

shall I

"they

reneived,''^ '"repaired."
:

it?"
s.

^K rt
refl.

pass, to be renewed, renovated, repaired ;
to

"l^^Q,:
Deut.

dirt, filth;

sweepings; spot,

stain.

renew

oneself.

Gen.

xlv.

27

:

pi

vii.

26.

QXi-- rh^ffl-l-: :rKrt^: "the soul was renewed^ Eph. iv. 24.
YiJ^^tl'.
trs. to

life

of his

?i^:

s.

(1) corn, rye. (2) beads. (1)

^g:

^^.^l:
(2)

" chaff of

r^e."

renew, &c.

7\^'

s.

o

/or(7e eleplmnt.

a

Zar<7e

/usi of

h^fl:

adj. Eth.

thZtl:
new.

Tigr.

fh^fi:

Ar.

an

elephant.
s.

Rev. xxi. 1, 4, 5. J^_g'fl: Vl.^1: "tlie vVeu; Covenant," "the New Testament."
ci-o J,&.

Heb.

U/^Tn

>kg-.
as a

Eth. "Xj^::

Ar. 3^ Aanc?.

Tigr. ?».^::
;

Heb. 1^
"present
:

:

^uj

"to kiss one's hand"
:

mark

of respect.

awy^:

^kE

fl^'^l's.

''•

newness, novity, novelty.

of an inferior person to a superior."

f\5lj[\'.

a renovator, reformer, repairer, inno2 Kings xxii.
6.

"a
any
i.?.

pair of tongs,"

lit.

vator.

hand."

:

Y\^^:
Kings

fLH: "a substitute for the "to take possession of
Also: portion,

*/\^fl

:

V. a. to lay

wail for a prey.

Lament.

thing," 1

xxi. 16.

iv. 19.

Ji^(pr|r|

P: s. an open space between town which is used for trading, a
proper market-place
to hunt, to chase. is

houses in a
little mar10.^:); «

"XX-S.:; ^9 U-ti^" two portions," " double."

y*^-

"twofold,"

2\g9":

ket, (the
street.

iiS.\- v.a.
s-

Gen. xxv.

27.

chase; game, venison. Gen. xxvii. 4. la^'i?»^1>«5- and h^-H-do-. Tigr. ?ij^T^i.::

" bar|»^ and h'^t^: non est Arabs." This designation is given by the Arabs, esp. to the Africans, and still more strictly to the Persians. In

Ar.

^a^

barus, qui

the sense of barbarian,

it is

found Col.

iii.

11.

a bean, ^J?^: s. a
s.

beans.
hunter.

^j^J*:
T\$Ji''
s.

s.

handle of an axe, or any other

tool.

Ar. aJU-I a pot or phial for

fluids.

Isa.

j^j^jp-^:

Shoa R-A^" a red, blue, or chethe qiiered stripe on the edge and through Vid. ^<5,:: middle of clothes.
s.

V. 10.

"5S^T

:

adj.

& adv.

much, very, considerable and
"it
is

considerably.

y%§^: la>:

much."

hgl: a^l:

to

grow.

Vid. ^.1

'

j^g-rj:

ou^ViTn::

>»g-<7:

Yl^: "very
the

Tigr.idem. v.a. Eth. "reliquit," "sivit."
occ.

good ;" " very bad."

Amh. non

^S'T»'

^^^''

^y the hand, towards

hand.

:

fxin.:
s.

•J-IH:

(

135
a

)

h<tilH:
caus.
to

.

.

.ft^"i:

a

sleeve.

P«t»o^f|:
xxiii. 5.

:

"the

sleeves of

Tx^lH''

cause or order supporting,

shirt.''

Matt,

upholding, &c.

"SSlIA:

s.

a quidam, somebodi/, such and such a
1 8.

Y\3H:

to

imprison.
s.

Vid.

^HIs applied to

Matt. xxvi. person; similar to J^l'l"'}:: hlAIA: io serve. Vid. Itiltk"

?»^H.T:
'S\"IH.7^:

wild goat, Capricorn.
Eth. Lord, master.

s.

M£ilA:
2\nA^^:
h'hfi/P-

s.

a sort of bread-baskets, a servant. a
talker, disputer,

al.

^9"

God

in

translating the Greek Kvptoi, the
vi. 3.

Heb. r\yT] Ex.
s.

fem.

mistress; title of the Virgin

TiTH^i-Y lady, Mary, >iTH>k
:

s.

one who likes to

contradict and dispute trifling matters.

J\^a^l r v. a.

to scarify, to cup.

^i " Our Lady." pi. "AIH.^: "O i^ord/" TH2\: Amh. ^^::
:

njWH
for

-t-

:

" lords.''

hlVP::

Had.

^'jao;

pass, to be cupped, scarified.

^I^IOD:

caus. to cause, order, or prescribe

>l^H^l'n'^»>C" egzIabeher, s. God, from >kT H.T\' 'fld^C- "Lord of the country,'' i.e.
"

cupping, scarifying.

Lord of the world."
Lord.

In the Scriptures,

it is

hlC-

s-

Eth.

UlC:

Pl-

?iiW>C"- ^"y

inhabited

so translated for the Gr. Kvptoi and the Heb.
nin"> and
i:i'-it«5

place or country ; country, toxcn, village,

fem.

It is

tvM't^:'.

TATC-

used more

fre-

countryman, native,

citizen,

fellow-countryman.

?iT^: T}^- and ^1^:
"ruler,"
village,

quently than
?i«?"A5ri
:

T}^- "governor ""chief," "prince"
or "lord of a town,

or country."

"God

?i«;da^!:: 'S^IHLJ^-flrh.C: Lord God." : JEoufm; be praised!" "thanks be to God!"
" the

n—
:

:

^$^K"- "by

the will of God," "if it

please God."

and of
i.e.

lifeless beings.

PTAQ:

and

^IHTi
?i3m|: Rom.

s. //ie

domineering, tyranny, despotism,

TAn"IC=
"flax."

"*''®

^^^^ of the linseed

plant,"

domination, oppression.
s.

Ex.

iii.

17.

assistant, supporter, sustainer, helper.

T\\'dJI^&^^^^^' s. one ?«Ao murmurs, quarrels, disputes; a murmuring, quarrelsome person.

xvi. 9.
s.

Had. t\\H".

i^n^'P*-

JS-] pools, sloughs, swamps, marshes.

Num.
"^"ICI?i*JnC=

XX. 10.
s.

Rad. 1'i^an^tro

:

Isa. xiv. 23.
s.

"S>"l<i?:

a footman, one who walks on foot.
the

^^^- ^y the foot, toward the foot.

foot-end, place where the feet are.
^-

° bedstead, with poles on the four
propriety, duty, equity, right; that

?il5^: s. tube, pipe, hollow stalk or cane. Ex. XXV. 31. Lev. xxvi. 26. Pfl'lYT-C^: " sugar-cane."

corners to hang curtains on.

?i3;3^:
J^^cp.:
T\1ei,&:

s.

baker.

Rad.

31^::

?iTl'n:
which

s.
s.

s-

the maxilla, cheek-bone.

is
i.

proper, seeming,
3.
®-

becoming,

right.

door-keeper,

i.q. fli^t'::

2 Thess.

^x"!: v.neg. Eth. 'i'V^:
°'*
::

to

want, not to have,

Ihi'J"'fl3.f\'

over-curious, saucy person.

Vid.

T-n>n
s.

^^•i^: and i\t°^'
ix^-l".

s.

uncle.

:JJKA: ?\01lh: "/ had no power." -flO: hT?=e: J^ATHlh^T": " as I had no money, I did not buy it." Gen.
not to find.
viii.

skim milk.
Vid. T5"::

9:

fl^d,: "flj-"!: "as
to he

she had no

Yxiy-.tofind.

room."

K7H:

v.a. Tig.

thlH."

fo support, to uphold, to
inf.

J-Ti:

absent, to be vxinted, not to exist,

hack, to sustain, to assist,

oqTH;

the

not to be found.
?»iiTl«Tj:

supporting, support, sustenance, aid.

caus. to produce or cause want, non;

"^'IH- pass, to be supported.

existence

to

deprive.

Ps. xxiii.

1

:

pu^

;

^"l:
who makes me
2\i1'Ti
:

.

>i,tClrl:
(

136
I

)

Kk.fi:<Piin:...:!funi

^I'n^Tn: PA^D:

"and there
fuit."°

is

none,

tvunt (any tliin")."

?!«): Eth. :JT?i: "impius
criminal;
to

Bisliop, but has no autliority to ordain, or to perform any sacerdotal functions in the

church.
?i.ft.f|:

<o declare impious, xvicked,

accuse, chrirfje

a sinner, a with offences.
viii. 3.

(TKOTTos.

Matt.xxvii. 12. Deut. xix. 16.

Rom.xi.2.

2 Kings

^atl: and 2\.A.fl*^fl: s. Gr. im'Bishop, pi. KAfl*ii'l-r: and

h'VC,:

s.

an

2\jR.og^: Vid. ?\Otnj^::

extract

from aromatic
Tigr.

plants,

an

etheric

hR*;:

to be short.

Vid.

oil.

hmd.::
Ps.
cii.

^im4:
"^^i?

?».OlR«^: to shorten.
v.n.

Eth.

23.

-JX^:

^R^::

Heb.

?i»C: and ?iGC: igh.^yC.: Gen. xxxviii. 29.
AX*;-. V. a. (hX<: to fence a fencing or hedge.
in, to

^^-j^

to be short, diminutive, not long. to

surround

icith

?i'^fn<:
xxii. 4.

trs.

shorten, cut short.

Ezek.

hVC.:
Vid.

hedge, fencing, fence.

Matt.

xxi.

33

J'X*^: pass, to be fenced or hedged in, to be surrounded with afenceor hedge. Cant. vii. 3.

2\»C::
s.

^'^Kd.:
liedged,

caus. to cause or order to be fenced,

ft"M:

publican, custom-officer, collector of taxes and tribute. Matt. v. 46.

encompassed with a fencing or hedge.
Ps. Ixxx. 11.
s.

KR-C:

s.

a hedge, fencing, fence.
carpenters"

?imn: to K"in:?

wash.
2 Sam.

Vid.
ii.

7\Rn: and ?k0n:: 22. 'n'P^^C.i^i.-.y^'i

KXtJ.*?^-!!:

work;

work of any
the plane or

mechanic, esp.
chisel.

work done with
5.

Ex. xxxi.
Vid.
s.

Had.

X^H:
morning.

V»Tn^:
:

s.

the imshing.

?»Xn:
?iK'n,^:
xxWii.

Aen::
the

?»fni V. a. to burn incense. rlrni: pass, to be burned (of incense).

day-break,

Matt.
Tigr.

1.

Had.

XH::
s. Etii.

^"IT:
?\*Tj^:

3.

frankincense.
accusation.
s. </ie sic?e.

?iR^1-: and A'P'i'^:
Luke
xxi. 9.
xxiii. 9.

OR-TD;:

s.

Ar.

Ui;

Heb.

Dl'J^ 607? e.

J^fni-tl:

Gen.
;

\i. 16.

?kX«5.: v.a. Eth.

fiVd.:
J^ep-C^
?iCDLJ^:
ting,

s.

a destroyer

adj. destructive.

ORd.:: Ar. .Jij^ "flexif
as clothes &c.

?iCR,: fo

(^ine fn

marriage.

Vid.

to fold, to lay together in folds,
EEl,::

Num.
gather

xxiv. 10.

s.

'f X,£^:: Ar.^^jLcJ s^or^.

Lev.xxiii. 23.

HrKA,'. pass, to befolded.

V. a. to cut off, to

mow

;

to reap, to

in the crops,

inf.

and
viii.

the

oqgj|,^; the mowing, cutmowing instrument, i.e. sickle.
Gen.
x\v. 6.

?\ORd.: caus. to cause or order folding. >»R-^: s. a fold; a portion, ratio, a time, a
repetition.

Gen.

22.

Ixxix. 12.

tm'V: tviR:

— "seven/oW." — "onefold," "simple,"
:

turn,

Ps.

:

Zt'CQ.K: pass, to be mowed, &c. Ex. xxii. 6.

"simply," "once."double," "twice."

U-fi^: -.- "Uvofold,"

?k'niCEI,K: cans, to cause or orrfer mowing, &c.

?iR4.^=
viii. 13.

s.

one who sweetens, seasons, spices
1

?i0blj^:

s.

</je

mowing, gathering in the crops,

a sweetener, confectioner, a cook.

Sam.
iv. IS.

the harvest.

Ruth

i.

22.

2 Sam. xxi.

9.
xiii.

?^^^:
Had.

s.

reaper, cutter ofcrop^.

Matt

39.

?ktaK" ^tOfl: s. the etsh'ege, supreme Head
regular Clergy, and Chief of
teries in Abyssinia,
all

AOO^S": s. a Rad. OOD^::
?i0n:
v.a.

fisher,

hunter.

Matt.

of the

Eth.-^en:
refl. to

to

wash.

inf.

oijg^:
xviii. 4.

the monas-

the washing, ablution, dilution.

Gen.
..

Gondar.

whose residence is at He ranks next after the Aboon or

:JrBn: pass.&

be washed,

to ivash

or

to bathe Oneself,

inf.

m»^grj-j

?i»10n:
^l*^0n:
icdhing.
caus.
to

?»e.C'cause

(

137

)

?ka.^fi:

.

J^rJJJ-:
affairs.

or order washing,

King's minister of foreign
are about three hundred
minister's service,

There
in that

af)";rotsii

?i9n.:

s.

washer, halher.
s.

?k9'n?\A: whicli grow
KQ.:
s.

Atsab'al,

Mark name of

ix. 3.

who have
tlie

to wait upon

a sort of trees

foreigners as their guardians, and to convey

in Abyssinia,

any messages from

minister to any direc-

Ar. Ky and

J

Heb.
xlii.

nS

mouth,

tion he pleases.
orifice, xii.

inlet.

Gen;

iv. 11.

27.

Num.

8:

TUQ.&'fl'

s.

a destroyer, breaker, miner.

thT:

T^Q.' AQ.: "mouth

to

mouth."

2 John 12.

2 Sam. xiii. 32: n?kril1.rt°7n: ?i^: "by the moidhr i.e. "at the command, of Absalom."
tvA,:

ll\^&<Y\- "one ivho breaks (transgresses) the law." Rom. ii. 27. Rad. (5,4^::

?i6.^3*:
lF\Q.dJt-.

n. pr. Africa.
s.

i.q.'iQ.d,^"
s.

Luke

iv. 23.
-'^'«"^*. i-e-

ll-M': afa negus, the mouth of the King, i.q. 3»A: riift: k' al iiatse. Vid. Bruce, vol. iv. 448. Not only the Kings of Abyssinia, but
Governors of provinces, have an
;

J\aC'JS.:

(1) i.q.

^O^:

a

European; esp. a Roman Catholic, in distinction from >»'i°lA.TI: "Englishman"
or "Protestant,"

also

officer

called AFA NEGUS

who, when his lord receives

frCf fI:^^^::

(2)

Red

any person in his tent or at his house, stands by liim, with another officer, while he is sitting, in

Cayenne pepper, which grows in abundance in Abyssinia, and very extensively enters
into the food of the Abyssinians.
?».Q.'^ri
casts,
:

order to pronounce his orders or
s.

one

who

jjours out, sheds

observations to those present, and to do

him

founds.

any

occasional

service,

e.g.

When

^9":

any

fluid,

:

"one who
:

eating,

blood," " kills."

Ps. v. 6.

P«?"fl

drinking, or answering certain requests of
nature, they have
to

A —

sheds
:

"

one

who casts, melts images,"
?».^i*n"l7'}:

(the goldsmith, &c.)

spread their clothes

Gr.

aip'ivdiov,

absinthium, worm-

before him, in order to protect

him from the
'

wood.

Rev.
s.
s.

viii. 11.

look of curiosity, and especially from the
superstitiously dreaded influence of the
eye.'
evil

"/^k^"!^:

?iQ^^:

Bl. s. a large cup. a gallop on horseback, &c.

"ihi^: EF, part, of blowing.
to aspire, inspire.


ii. 7.

1?»^^:
:

the bloiuing, fanning, aspiration, wind.

t\t\- to blow,

Isa. XXX. 33.

Gen.
2:

Rad. "X^::

?iG^^

:

s.

sheath, scabbard,

?i^Ari
Al^^:
I will

:

s.

expeller,

one who expels, causes to

emigrate.

Jer.

li.

mfl.A"'}:

A^:

t\Q..

?i^n:
xvii. 6.

Ar. jjjUJI

pi.

of ^JtJ branch.

Isa.

Tirtj^^AU': ,P<!.AflT^«^A: "and send expellers against Babylon, and they shall expel her." Rad. dl^Art "
2\£5,«»
:

ihi^'lEq.:

s.

the nose.

Num.

xi. 20.

"txQ^

:

s.

a certain measure of

solids,

a double

V. n,

Eth. 'iA,d,::

Heb. "Ipn

Ar._^

handful, an

much

as one can take in the hol-

low of both hands joined together.

Lev,

ii. 2.

to blush, to be ashamed, confounded, to be shy,

tvQ.7\-. Eth. adv. outside, abroad, without, Amli.

modest.
2\i^<5,«i: trs. to

o^^::
make
liii. 5.

esp. a private place, necessary, out-

blush,

put

to

shame,
7.

side the house.

confound.
T%.ii,is.

Ps.
adj.

Gen. xxxiv.
shy,

&

modest,

ashamed,
mould.

con-

T\G^^: contracted Ethiopic plural for h^ OO^^: from the sing. <5.0(I>: a serpent,
viper.

founded, blushing.
^k<i.C•
^"
^<^''^^^>

Job xx.
s.

16,

Isa. lix. 5.

'^"*''

'rubbish,

Gen.

xxvi. 15.

?i^P''J:
weapon.
afIjro,

Ar. ^^^I opium.

*Y\Q.do'

s.

Job

xx. 24.

^^K:-

Heb. -tlD« the ephod of the Jewish
1

T\Q.Q:

s.

in

Shoa, a servant of the

High-priest.

Sam.

xiv. 3^

T

;:

:

?»a.nifi:.

.In:

(

138

)

^: ..-r^A:
e.g.
1

2\^fnfl: Ar. Jjail

fiat-nosed.

Lev.xxi. 18.

conclusive;

Tim.

v.

10:

Vji^i^l^.:
20;

Y\^^'

s.

the

rim of a precipice.
In:

"whether she has brought up."

V]^

Vy.

"if

it is

not," "unless it be."

IIAYiaYIAU"?: TKOU-'t"
hadst not prevented me,
it."
I

?iTl': " «/ thou

Yl

:

^^5.: Kaf, the seventeenth letter of the
alphabet,
a, o u,

would have done

Amharic
It is

or c before

is pronounced and consonants.

like

our k

Yl

:

is prefixed to

verbs in the present tense,
of,
lest,

an inseparable

signifying, instead
particle, prefixed to

than.

Ps. Hi. 2:
"

other parts of speech in the character of a
preposition and a conjunction.
(1)

*n1:

ilVnC:

'l-(Dig-AA«:

indead

Vj

:

as a preposition, expresses an
difference ;

of speaking (whereas thou shouldest speak) Prov. xxv. 7 well, thou deceivest." ffiS
:

origin, separation,

and

may
of,

geof,

H«:Yia.: nA:-n"rnA:.p«iAAr:
T-M*: ^ft"- Vl'li'SP^J^: "for better
that
it

m

it is

nerally be translated with from, and the comparative ivith llian or

out
e.g.

be said unto thee.

Come

hither

;

than

to.

V|

1(^:

an fTi y.

:

"I came from town."

that thou shouldest be put lower (be humbled) in the presence of the king."
Eccles. v. 5

Yl CiV

T'PnAlhl': "I received it from him." YlH«: ^"^- Tij'f: ?iL*9"rt1: "let me
taste a little o/this meat."

Ti^lV: Yli:

^

n^flgifpi: JzHaA: TflAtJ: pa^lv?. jtOD(i>.: Yl-Y-in: "better it is that thou
shouldest not vow, than that thou shouldest

nA"lA: "he is greater than I." tro^H H: Y1"'OM'TO'T: ^ilAA: "obedience
is

vow and not fulfil." vii. 5 P-n^ithfV'i: fntUiO: cnjfitnj.>: _priAA: sYaV: PlYV
:

better than

offerings."

YlCl'l"-

,PA^:

"more
•Y

than he."

Tv^'V: YlTflPT:

^T

G^^'T;:

ounilA:

Yl.lY"^: "it

is

better to

A

hear the rebuke of a wise man, than for a

:

"

a mouse

is

smaller than an elephant."

man to
xvii. 2.

listen to the flattery of fools."

Luke

A°A.: Yl1:^a^: ^^«'IA: "the servant is inferior to his master." YllFA": ^^: 1 "is worse i/ian all." YllYOh: 0)^^ (D': 5^1-: P>»"lH.?i'n(h.C: R:J: 't-ffl^^A^f-:
" the grace of

YlHA.:

Eth. adj.

&
of

s.

Amh.
S.

J'JE:: mighty, pou--

erful, able.

Luke
inf.

iii.

Rad. JlilA::
the being

God

is jnore

desirable

Man

\\HjSi.: Eth.

JlUA:

mighty;
vi. 26.

the

mightiness, might, power, ability.

2 Chr. xx. 6.

friendship of man."
It is

Yl*lA.V'r:

s.

might, power,

ability.

Dan.

frequently connected with postpositive

particles; e.g. "nCS^^:
Tni.:

HIJ^: "from

him."

Triyj:

s.

Heb. jHS

Ar.

^if

a
:

priest,

pi.

V^y

^6.: "with me." Vil-T: fllT^: "wnrfer thee." YlA'i^: n«I»C= "without
Yl?': nd.'t-: "6e/ore us." "above the earth." YlC

(excepting) you."

Gen. xiv. 18. xL 50 A.«f: Viyf" and P'r\'i}^^: Txti'^: "High-priest." Vltli^: s. priesthood, sacerdotal office and digf'^-::

^:

Yl9"^C= nAii:
•Y^fl)':
(2)

nity.

Ex.

xl. 15.

nU.A:

"q/i'eT-

or 6eAiHc? them."
it is

YT.A:
fool.

adj. stupid, dull, silly, sottish;

an

idiot,

a

As a

coNJUxcTiox,

used

(a)

some-

times to connect numerals, signifying and : e.g. aa-f-: VjiyniY: "one hundred i.n. "T

JlA: imper. prob. from YlA?i: Eth. "prohibuit." away ! go away ! get thee hence !
1r|_/\:v.a. Eth.

and

fifty."

Yl'rhA::

Heb.

't

TO kr.'JJ'
Vid. Yl^'A::

(b) It is prefixed to verbs,

and interchanges

to taint the eyelashes irith cohol.

with
cially

fi

:

if,

whether, hypothetically, espe-

T^A

:

pass.

& refl. to have the eyelashes (and,
iii.

when two

sentences are connected tois

as e.g. in Shoa, the eyebrows) tainted with
cohol.

gether, one of which

hyi^thctical, the other

Apoc.

19.

:

Yl'-A:.

•YlA.K:

(

139

)

VlrhC

:

.

f^i^-

1n^A:s.KWEL. Eth. Yl\"hA:: Ar.

J^

walk.
cohol,

a black powder, the chief constituent of which is probably antimony, and which is used throughout the East by females, as a collyrium, to tinge their eyelashes black, in order
to give

Y]rh£

:

Lev, xxvi. 21. and Iri'lt^: Eth. one who denies; an
renegado,
xix. 2.
g.

apostate,

2 Chron.

a recanter, an Had. \\!hS.: Eth.
denial,

infidel.

^rh£'^:

i.q.

YlR'V"

recantation,

apostacy, infidelity.

Acts xxi v. 14.

more

expression and brilliancy to

the eyes.

In Shoa, the ladies, besides black-

tiaiJ^P-f : fem. of Yl'hJi." ^ Chron. xxiv. 7. Y|Oi^A: Enr. chamomile (plant).

ing their eyelashes, shave their eyebrows, and taint them with this powder.

Yiao/

:

V. a. <o heap, board, accumulate,

amass,

to pile up.

TnAA'fl:

adv. heartily,

from

one's heart, earn-

•J»'jriau^: pabS. to be heaped up, otC.

Ex.

estly, seriously.

Gen.

xxiii. 8.

xxii. 6;

Micah

i.

6.

Yl'-AA.'t':

s.

Heb.

m^B

Kv.'iAi

rein,

waA

reins, kidneys.

^A.

V

Ex. xxix. 13.

J^flYlOTJ^: caus. mulation, &c.

to

cause heaping up, accumass.

s.

a sausage.
s.

5n9"C=
Micah
ii^.

s.
i.

the
6.

accumulation;

a

heap,

^nA,"^: Eur.
In tki''

clime.

s. cholera.

Ar.^^1

*Yl^9^'"l'«5 :

2

Sam.

v. 24.

for mulberry-tree.

IriA't^T:
held.
(2)
s.

n.. pr.

(1) Chalcedon,

a place in

The Arabic IaS

signifies

a fat wild

ass.

Asia Minor, where a General Council was
a chalcedony (a gem). Rev.
Ps. cxxxvii. 2.
xxi. 1 9.

Y|aq^:

non. occ.
to collect, to gather, bring to-

?iTn"9'F: v.a.
gether.

VhA'fl:
on.

a hook in a wall for hanging things
3.

Ex. xxvii.

improperly
debility.

for " willows."

refl. to be collected, gathered, 'VY^ o^^- pass. Gen. i. 10. to gather (themselves) together.

&

1n,ATI^ : Y*tfTL^-

s.

stupidity, idiocy,
s.

mental

xiv. 3.

Acts

iv. 26,

31.

L^t-

colony.

Acts xvi. 12.
soul, i.q.

sometimes

'rYl"'JJ21T<D^:

TYl'^l^'ta)': "being col-

YlA!l£t.fl: adv.

from the
Eth.

VlAA-fl::

lected," " together."

VlAYlA:

v.a.

YlA?»:

Tigr. 'TlA?*.::

Yicro'}: Ar. .,„jS cumin, caraway.

Heb. t<73

to hinder,

prevent, to prohibit, to

Yiao'T:

s.

idem.

Isa. xxviii. 25.
pi.

Gen. xxiii. 6: pai^1nA^A«: forbid. p/^fjo; "there is none who will j)revent
thee."

Jioqi: Ar. jSS
Yl,in|^_P : Ar. tUji^

of

J

calyx of a flower.
chemistry, esp.

Matt. xvi. 22:
" and he

JiYlA^A^B''?":
hinder him."

Gr.

')(TJne!a,

^on^:

began

to

"ars chrysopoetica," alchymy.

TITIAYIA:

pass, to he prevented, hindered,

forbidden, prohibited.

Tn9"Q.C= Eur. camphor (medicine). Yi^6^0 i-q. Tn*fd.C"

?kflYlAYlA:
hibited.

caus. to create hindrances

and
pro-

^u£j^:
pended

s.

difficulties, to cause being prevented or

neckerchief, necklace of
to the neck.

Tig. and Eth. Vl»^J^: neck. Amh. men; any thing sus-

JIAVIA:

s.

hindrance, obstacle, preventive, pro-

hibition, interdict, stoppage.

V»i.: and Ifl-^: from tlfl^: (q-v.) generally sensu malo, to be precious, and to think oneself so, vain, ambitious,

YlA^^:

s.

a hinderer, prohibiter, one who hinesp.

puffed up, to be proud,

ders, prevents, stops, prohibits, forbids,

T7v

w

of;

Mr

vn

"»'Y1

doorkeeper;

i.q. tld.^'--

13:

Y'Yl'^.n^AlJ: "and thou

art proud."

\\£i^y.''

s.

a thing prohibited or prevented.

Tnih.K:

i^g-

ih-g: and Eth.

YlPg:

to go, to

"overhearing" Vb£;j-^ll-«?0: ?iL't'fh.^9" " and you shall not walk proudly," Micah ii. 3.
T 2

"

Yl'C:Yl'C:
adj.

^Ca*:
xii. 9.

(

140

)

UCT:Rl.

•Trill:

& adv. inoxul,
Prov.

haughlij. })resu7nptuons,
xxii. 24.

^0=8. Eth.and Tigr. Yl^Cf^^"elbow.

"brachium,"

self-conceited.

T>£^:

8.

If A.r.j^ n smillis hearth or furrje.
Jer. xi. 4.

Prov.

51^.^5'::

PCD'h:

:

(i'o(7^»

<oo//i.

xvii. 3.

Ezek.

xxii. 18, 22.
i.e.

Yl^^OD:

V. n. to uinter, ^jq.w the winter,

the

Tfl'-OYl'-i'"!': a.a]<.mdoiwhealenbread, baked in the same manner as PP:: Bl. Vid.

^P"

rainy season.
the
first

have you passed
other,
tlie

"S^-JJi^: Yl«^«q^-U': "how the rainy season ? " This is question which is addressed to each
at their
first

't'Tni.Yl*^". V. recipr. to dispute, to discuss, to
debate, to quarrel.

by persons

meeting

after

YlCX^C,'-

s-

o dispute, discussion, quarrel.
s.

rainy season.

*YlC.iM''
building.

bar.

Ex. xxxv. 11.

beam of a

?^flYl i^JTo

: caus. to came, enable or allow to spend the rainy season. n^Uf: ^ftVlC

Eccl. x. IS.

Tnh"«^Y>'«i: V. a. to scrape
tlie

on the ground with

Tntl: "may He (God) cause thee through the rainy season in health Y*C,^"t- s. a young stallion. Shoa,

feet

;

to tickle.

to

pass

!

/^ThA"

•flYl'<5.YT"«^: to move on the ground, to go on rollers or ivheels. Hence, atJ^Yl"
i.'nr-c.: q.v.

fl^iyn^;
lasting

s.

Kr:R.vMT,

winter or rainy season,

from June
a. to

to September.
twist,
to

YlCXiQ:
*VlCy^C.-

s.

an animal
"

similar

to

the

Uft

at}: q.v.
s.

Tn<^r^: V.
twined.

twine or

be tivisted or

merces aurigarum vel veredaLud.
the scraping on the

Eccles. iv. 12.

rioriim ex conducto."
Yl"£^Vl'"i."l'
tickling.
:

ilCft-Y-fl: n. pr. Xpivros, Christ.

ground; the

YlC.fi^'i:

s.

Christian character and profession.

P—

:

KH'^:
®-

"god-father."

"god-mother."

p—

P—

:

Xf-r:

Yl'-CYlP:

s.

a fat
Ar.

straiu basket.

:

£%.'^: "god-cliild.

ilCl^^'^-

it^cm.
s.

Christianity.
pi.

Yl«5Vnj^:
carbnnculo.

Ooi^ gemma

similis rutjino sfw
19.

VlCfltJ?"!:

YlC.UX?^'^" fLT: VlCflUPT: and contr. n-tVlfl^:
n Christian,
Christians,"
i.e.

Golius.

Ex. xxviii.

"house of

"church."

pi. ItvTl

Yli^P: Amh. non occ. " mercede locavit."
'fVl<5.P:
io hire.

Eth. "fodit."

Ar. ]i

JPT:
:

ilC^'t^T't': "churches."
Heb. ilODp a sort oi grain,
Vid. Lccs.v.

Ex.

xxii. 15.

Txtl'f'ni.P:

to let out for hire.
hire, rent.

YlCrtf Ar. i^ji
perhaps
spelt.

Yi^^:

s.

Ar.
s.

K

Ex. xxii. 15.

Isa. xxviii. 25.

Yl^^flX't':

purse, bag, pocket.
occ.
n. to snore.

Deut. xxv. 13.

Yl6(t'ii'£nf*tl: Gr- XiOi/croVpao-of, chrysoprasus,

Yt'd.^' non

a gem.

Rev.
myrrh.

xxi. 20.

TnCfL:

s.

Gen. xxxvii. 25.

Matt ii.

hYi'i^d,' V.
1 1.

^lIiV^<^<5.: caus. to cause snoring, to

madden.

'n.^-n- Heb. ir\2 cherub. Ezek. ix. 3. Yl.<.flA: Heb. D"^nTO cherubim. Gen.iii.

Zech.
24.

xii. 4.
s.

'tY'CSi^:
xxxi. 28.
1^»«^£J,;^:
viii. 14.

the snofring, raging, madness.

Gen.
Ex.

lr>Cn^:
xxii
24.

Ar.

j3

a whip, scourge, lash.

Acts

s-

a

hillock, hill.

Gen.

xlix. 26.

alTxti.'i^"
pride, haughtiness, arrogance, inso-

Yl^jJ.^:
lence,
Yh<5.'"l:'

s.

presumpluousness.

Ps. ixxiv. 23.

Tfl'^C^.P^
1r|_fj: s.

^-

'^^ snoring.

a

ball, tennis-ball.

:

T^lfflT:

"

to

-A-r.

tjL]^ sca^Jon (a plant).

Num. xi. 5.

play at tennis."

ilCTtl-

s- Gfr. xa|07T7J,

Lat. "charta," paper.

Yl"!:

v. n. to be
:

and become
meagre,

lean, thin,
sickly.

meagre.
xii. 3.

PYIiII

lean, thin,

Gen.

hfiYi«1:
^flYrTl' caus.
meagreness,
to

.

Yirtrt:

(

Ul

)

TYlrtrti-.Vl'fl^'I':

to

cause

and produce

leanness,

merd, to inform against.
•l^Yl t\ rt

emaciate, to enervate.
retaliation, to retaliate.

pa»s. to he accused.

'^tlzv.a.to take a ransom,

In Ori

:

s.

accuser, plaintiff, prosecutor, impeacher.
8.

1T^:
Y*f*:

s.

an

equivalent, a satisfaction, retribution,

Acts xxiv.

retaliation,
s.

ransom. Ex. xxi. 30. Lev. xxiv. 18.

JT^^:
x. 16.

s.

leanness, thinness, meagreness.

Isa.

Kos'so,

a beautiful Abyssinian

tree,
:

Rad. YT^::
s.

growing on the heights of Semen and of Shoa it yields that medicine which is more in use among the Abyssinians than any other it is the flower of the tree which has an anthelmintic virtue, and is constantly, evei7 two months, taken by almost every Abyssinian, against the taenia, the all-prevailing complaint of that people. A minute description of this plant is given by Bruce, vol. vii. 184, who, in honour of Sir Joseph p. 181 Banks, called it " Banksia Abyssinica." The
:

YT'fljh^:

rubbish, sweepings, dust.

al.

HQ

1^::
YliT.: adj.

Isa. xxxiii. 11.
s.

Yl^flYT-fl'^t':

a

kettle;

Rad. Yl-flti^: Eth. a water-pitcher.
It is

&

s.

lean,

meagre.

Yl^'I.P:

s.
;

KwEsHAi, a medicinal plant.
its

burnt

and

ashes are strewed upon ulcers

and
Vl'fl
:

boils, to

heal them.

adj. round.
s.

Had. Vl fl fl "
circumvallation.
1

VlYl.:

circumference, fence,

Ezek. xvii. 17.
ll'TI :
s.

Sam.

xvii. 21.

circumference, surrounding wall or hedge.
i.q.

disease
sists in

itself,

wliich also

is

called Kosso, conis

Isa. xvii. 1.

ffo'flU'fiy::

the taenia or tape-worm, which

Yl^riAA:
desert.

V. a, to fly, to -fee, to

run away,

to

accompanied by other sjiecies of worms, and, if not evacuated every t%vo montlis, causes serious bowel complaints. Its real cause is unknown; but the whole Abyssinian diet
seems to predispose the constitution favourably to the generation of the

Gen.

iv. 12.

^ilVllAA:
turn round.

act. to

roll

about, to

revolve,

Luke

ix. 42.

"nYinAA: pass. & n.
Tn"nA^:
Yin*^:
s.

to be turned, revolved,

worm

rolled, to revolve, to roll.

Judges

vii. 1 3.

;

for

European

travellers,

who during

a fugitive,

deserter.
fiiit."

their resi-

dence in the country kept up as much as possible their native diet, have been preser\"ed

v.n. Ar.jAi"

"magnus

to

be hocostly,

nourable, venerable, respectable, precious,
dear, magnifc, glorious, to
l)e

from

this complaint

;

while those

who

honoured, &c.

entered into the diet of the country, sooner

PYin<i:
xiii. 3.

" jtrecious,^''

"glorious," &c.

John

Other Abyssinian remedies are the 9'3ECL9°PEi.: and the oxf-flfiq.v. 'The90IXl,«7nj,it:is, by many,
or later cauglit the taenia.

?»Yin<i:
ii. 3.

act. to honour, respect, revere, vene-

rate, glorify, to value, to distinguish.

Gen.

preferred to the Kosso, because the Mussanna, because

it is less

un-

pleasant to the taste; whilst others prefer
it is said to

?if8Vinir^: caus.

to

make honoured, cause

to

destroy

be honoured, &c.

the tape-worm entirely. Tlie wood of the kosso-tree is very excellent
for furniture
:

YinC:s.
VlfhC"
2

Ar.^
;

hand-drum.

Ex. xv. 20.

it is

used by the Abyssinians
it is

adj. honoured, valued, respected, glorious,
costly,

for gun-stocks.

magnific
\\1ien burning,
called

precious,

i.q.

PYlfl^"

Yl ill A:

Sam.

i.

19.

s.

charcoal,

0,10:

"live coal.

Prov. xxvi. 21: till A:

VlTJC-

®-

I'onour,

glory, magnificence, respect,

QJipi'i:

'^»^P^n4:
coals."

"as

coals

increase

high price, value.

Gen.

x!v. 13.

Ex. xv.

2.

burning
Yl rt rt
:

Vl'fli'r:
Isa.

Ar.

\^J>i
'

sulphur.

Amli. J^l::

V. a. to accuse, charge, prosecute in jud'j-

XXX. 33.

:;

:

In-ncr:
ll'flCf =
15.
Tr» 'fl

•.TnT«jq:
maidenhead.

(

142

)

HrTii
;

:

.

.

TTn-n
a country

"•

virginiti/,

Dent

xxii.

with his army
or province.

residence, capital of
x. 12.

Gen.

h
:

:

s.

swelling of the feet.

Lud.

Yl

nn

V. a. to

surround, encompass, encircle, to
ii.

Yl.3"ll: and ^Tl^'fl: a hill, note, esp. a paper written for superstitious purposes ; a talisman,
amulet.

go round.

Gen.

11.

xlv. 1:

Yina>"'l':

Rad. i.,,.^ " to write."
s.
a.

5nC:
him."

"

had

surrounded,^'' "

were surrounding

Vl'X^'VCi^'

horse

or mide, which

is

inf.
:

trojin-n::
to cause

"TYinn
&c.
Yl'fl'lt': s.

pass, fo be surrounded.

?iifiYinn: caus.

being surrounded,

and black. V. a. to finish, to make ready, accomplish, YlT'T: to suit, make fit, esp. to gather the grain into
chequered white, red,
the granaries.

property, esp.

cattle.

Gen.

xii, 20.

TVi'TT:

pass, to be finished, &c.
to cause finishing,

Trhfl't':

s.

dried cattle-dung, used for fuel.
s.

^kflYn"!": caus.
in the grain.

gathering

Yl-^TnhH:
Lev.

a middle-sized sort of grasshoppers.
Heb. "123
to

xi. 22.

Vl^'^:
be heavy, u-eighty

7\t\.' to be finished, be ready, &c., i.q.

lnn£:
table,

V. n.

'TYlT't'::

trop. to be important, serious, sedentary, respec-

opp. to
to

?».YinK:
der
1

*1»AA :: Gen. xviii. 20. make heavy, to aggravate, to renserious;
to

1t1">:?\KO: ?-9YTt"r:: il^^J s. accomplishment ; collection, gathering
in,

esp. of

grain
1 6.

;

the crops, harvest, granary,

important,
ii.

molest,

tease.

Deut. xxxiii.

Thess.

9.

Jl^'i: Ar.
Ezek.
5n"*t"ln J": s.

LLjUS'

linen.

Amh.

PTAmC-"

Yin.^:
Ifl'S-:
1

adj. heavy, iveighty, important, serious,

ix. 2.

sedentary, respectable ; troublesome, tedious.
consti*.

of

VlT^:

used adverbially,

wood.

Amos
1

a certain tree of firm and durable ii. 9. for "oak."
"1*123

fully, completely

ever, whatever, at all; and ; with negat. never, nowise, not at all. Gen. xxviL 36: Yl-t". At: n<iTn->: K^tl'Pd.'U ^^50'}: "hast thou not reserved for me any blessing whatever ?"
s.

Vl,f C: Heb.
guitar.

Ar.^lls"
5.

a

sort' of lyre or

Chron. xvi.

Yl5fl: non occ.

'TYlfifl:
face.
1

v.rcfl. to cover, to veil one's

head or

Cor.
s.

xi. 4.

2

Sam. xv.

30.

Yl^J":

a waistcoat with short

sleeves,

not

much

in use.

Tnin.fl: Eur.
Y}'i'Pi.

"cannabis," hemp.
adj. vain, gratuitous.

s.

vanity,

Eccl.

'^f.i.q.'n'ft'"
'I'Vj'l': pass, to be accomplished, n. to be whole,

2.

nYn'F:
s'^

"in

vain,""

"vainly,"''

"for

nothing," "gratuitously.""

Gen. xxix.
i.e.

15.

entire.
" all

Lev.

xi.

28: ^tf: U-A-:

f^-^:
1

in^'C'l'^
'l«'i'i;i'i''r:

^vart.

Lud.
contiguous
islands.

this without exception.''^

Ps. xxiv.

s.

Eur. continent,

9"J^CIfi^ : Engl.
s.

'i'^'3'coat.

"the

ivhole, entire earth."

land,

in distinction

from sea and
esp. to

Geogr,

YlTA:

non

occ.
to follow.

Yl'H:
Matt,
iv. 20.

v. a. to judge,

condemn and

to

TlriTA: med.

punish.

In Ethiopic,

it signifies,

besides this,

?vfllYlTA: caus. to cause, make, or order to Job xiv. 7. follow. adj. Catholic, fem. Vl-f-A.ll^->:: "h-t-A.^^:
'r\-^f\,'ri%^:
church."

"to be a judge," "to govern," "to reign;"
hence

ouY^T?

:

" governor,"
it is

" prince,"

"judge."
-

In the Amharic,

used almost

WV: tlCSlXy^-

"catholic

exclusively of the judgments of God, esp. the Last Judgment and condemnation.

Im-"^:

S'

'^«

camp

of the king, or a prince.

"V'ft'W. pass, to be judged

and condemned.
^-r- ,/.

— .-^ Y

— r-

:

JsflYl'H:

.

.

.

*n<J.70

(

143

)

lm«5.C:-

VlK^:

?iflY>"H: caus.

to brinri to

judgment and conto

thatched with straw, in contradistinction to
Vl'tl
:

deinnidion, to be

a cause for,

cause judg-

I'l'i'A: "

a large round house thatched
shore, brink.
xii. 3.

ment and condemnation,

to be

condemnable.

with straw."

Tn'J^C"

^'

''/'•

^'""'

^t/jre,

Ex.

Tn-lf A: "every
demnation.''''

sin which is not for-

XXV. 24. Deut.

iv, 48.
s.

Ps.

given, causes (divine) judgment and con-

YV'T^Tt:

Tigr.

growing wild in the
times of scarcity.

a small sort of knobby roots fields, which the poor

YT'II: s. judgment, esp. condemnation, divine punishment, ilernal damnation.

people use to dig out, and to live upon, in

Yn^T:

s.

a sort oi grain a
occ.

little

larger than
Bl.

*YlVi:

to
:

grind roughly,
pass.

to

break corn.

wheat, belonging to the same genus.

TTli^
Y>il
:

2 Sam. xvii. 19.
Tigr.

InlCDl: non boravit"

Eth. TYIJEIiCD: "arte elato order,
to

s.

ear-wax.

WffiP"
1

Y>1l
V. a.

:

s.

Ar.

ji^

a peach.

Chr. xiv.

14, 15.

?kYira)i:

do

sl;ilfully ; to

for

'1^33.
T
;

give success.

Gen. xxxix.

23.

Luke

xxii. 13.
to suc-

"TYlfffl^: pass.

& n.

to

have success,

TfiYl-fl:

s.

Heb. nD'i3 Ar. i^li"^
Gen.
i.

star.

pi.

Yl

ceed, to prosper.

Ps. xlv. 3.
cubit.

TVl'f!'"!"::

16.

Yl5^:

V. a. to

measure with the

(VTiS"")

Jer. xxi. 37.

"TYllfi: pass,
the cubit.

to be to

measured with the cubit.
cause to be measured with

?iflYlY^: caus.

: and PH.tJ : from from here ; here. and Pli,^: from Y1H..P: adv. comp. of Yl that; from thence, thence ; from there; there.

Yl

nil

:

adv. comp. of Yl


:

this ; hence,

from

hence,

1l.El4-:
measure The Abyssinians have no

s.

goose;
i.(j.

al.

^•n<5.::

Yn^:

s.

arm, esp. fore-arm; and, as a

YlP^:
'V'^

Eth.

di.^:

Amh.
contract, to st'ipulate

of length, a cubit.

PR-

recipr. to

make a

instrument for the exact length of this
sure, but

mea-

a

treaty,

an

alliance,

a covenant with one
Iv. 3.

endeavour to determine

it

by adding

another.

Ex. xxiv. 10. Isa.

more or less to the natural cubit of the meaman with a surer, according to its length.

Vig:

v.a. Eth. !riA^g::

Heb.

HTO

" occultavit,"

A

" retinuit." to deny, negate, to disoiun, abne-

long
his

arm measures merely from

the point of

gate ;

M^"^ r't-T

:

:

" to

deny one's

faith,"

elbow with a middle-sized arm measures the same, and then turns round the finger to the point of its middle knuckle one with a short arm adds the whole length of the middle fingerOn an average, eighteen inches may be said
;

to the top of his middle finger; one

"to apostatize."

Gen.

xviii. 15.

]Matt. xxvi.

31—34. 70—75.
't'lrj^: pass, to be denied.

?»fl^.^: caus.
force
VjjEj:
to

to

make

deny, lead, induce or

deny.

Mark ix. 42:
Lev. 27
-

KIJ^:
to

"fi

to be the length of

"TflTHCcubit

an Abyssinian cubit. "one-and-a-half cubit,''^ "one
:

"he who
to 1

seduces one to apostacy."
vi. 2.

Yl^:

V. a.

deny.

persuade,

seduce, deceive.

Kings
:

xxii. 22.

and a span."
^^-

YLS.: v.n,
f^<inkincense.

Isa. xxviii.

?\^YlJ^9"r:
.

for

YnKC-

J^

^'

Cant. iv.

C.

?i.pYl
out,''''

PJ^T^r:
not

" for

.

it

is

not trodden
"calcavit,"
?•'-'•

Amh. O"!"!::

"

threshed.'"
i.q.

Vn^:
&c.

s.

Heb.

F]33 a w'lng.

Ex.

xLx. 4.

"incedit," "ivit."

Ylg: Eth. Amh. rh.K=
clf^nial,

Vn4.'/°:

ii^inged, 3-^J'

supplied with wings,used

Yl JE^JLW : Ar. ,j~jji a sheaf of corn.

Job

v. 26.

of birds, insects, and figuratively of houses ^^i:},'?": rt«l»A: "alargeo6/on(/ house

VlK'T:

s.

Eth. VlfhK'l'-

abnegation, re-

cantation, abjuration, apostacy.

Lev.

vi. 4.

:;

TnKtV:
ViK't*?': ^i-

.

.

1n<?.A:
one

(

144

)

?i^^A:.
Luke
xii. 13.

•Yld.T:

&

s.

a denier

;

who

denies, rexi. 9.

/i^d.A:

intens. to divide, to communicate.

cants, abjures;

an apostate.

Prov.

Yl^l:

V. a. to cover, to veil.
;

inf.

OdVij^T:
(j.y,

the

't"Yl«i.A: pass, to be divided, parted, separated,

covering, veiling

hence ooJrj^jP:
or

paid ;
10.

refl. to

divide oneself, &c.

Gen.
recipr.
:

ii.

TYIK^:
loped;

pass, to be covered
refl. to

veiled, enve-

Ex. xxi. 35.
intens. to divide,
other..

cover or veil oneself.

Gen.

T^<i,A:
divide

and

to

xxiv. 65,

among each
let

Ex. xxi. 35

<PJ

J\flYlKl: caus.
or covered.
Yljlji:
s.

to

cause or order to be veiled

(I>17D: ?»i1'r'hVlAa>': jE'hd.A'^:
"and
parts

XV. 18.

O. T.

^•A:

"contract.'"

— "the Old Covenant:^ the — the New N. 7\^t\ — "word of and merely — — iq "to enter into a
"nA-JE:
:
: :

treaty, covenant, contract, alliance.

Gen.
T.

them divide its produce among themselves."

in equal

1n«?.d.A: intens,
xxxii. 7.

to divide completely.

Gen.

"

Covenant,-'

:

contract,'"
:

:

:

?kflYl<5.A: caus. to cause or order to be divided, communicated, paid. Deut. xxii.
19:

contract^ ov " treatyr Jos. x.

1.

3>A:Yl.^'i:

JPflYl^A-^: "they
P^^®reiter,

shall 7nake

him

T;M^(D': "He made
with them," 2 Sam.
v. 3.

a treaty (a league)
YXJ^'k: ^P^hxd,^:

pay."

TYltJ.'i.A:
divided;

intens.

to

be

completely
divide freto divide

" the covenant of mercy."

Yl^i OfjQygo
:

&

recipr, to

"covenant of Mary," i.e. the covenant of mercy, for the salvation of mankind, which, the Abyssinians pretend, God made with

quently, to divide

and subdivide ;
Acts
ii,

among one

another.

2.

!n^A:
sect/on.

s.

a

division,

a part, portion,

share, a

Mary immediately
Trh^Trh-J^:

after the fall in Paradise.

non

occ.
v.

TV>°,^Y1"J?:
dropsy.

n.

to

be afflicted with the

'fi&.C'

Yiei,A- Tigr. a part, esp. half a massL s, an open straw-basket, narrow at the

Luke
Tigr.

xiv. 2.

bottom and wide at the
Geogr.
be bad,
ill,

top,

and able

to

^^i
114,:

s.^xiT. cape, promontory.
'^•^-

contain about ten masse,
evil,

"n^JV.:
&c.

to

wicked, malicious,

In

comparison,

it

Yl^'f: V. a. "VXl&jVGen.
iii.

to open.

pass,

to

be opened;

n.

to

open.

means,
to

to

be worse.

Gen.
to

iii. 1.

5:

t^^f-Tlh: 'K^J^t-Ylti/f:

TTn4.«i:

recip. to bear ill-will to each other,

" that your eye will be opened."
7\flYl&.'t"' cans, to cause opening.

hate each other,

qmirrel

among and
;

to

offend one another.
?iflYl«J.: caus. to
tate, to excite to

Jfl^^:
or worse
to irri-

s.

& adj.
Gen.

the opening, hollowness ; open,
to

make bad
anger ;
24.

hollow,

opposed
s.

^-^l:

q.v.

to

have

evil conse-

Yl^ J*:'
^4""r:
Ylt^'^:

height, elevation, highness, eminence,
vi. 15.

quences.

Gen. sxsi.

loftiness.
:

Yl^:

part, of elevation.

exalted, elevated, lofly.

— —

Txti- to be high,

s. evil,
s.

badness, malice, wickedness.

:

PO^A:

and

opener, one

who

opens.
;

^A:
:

"Ai^A," "exalted:' "elevated,'" "lofty:'

^i^^l: and sometimes
adj.

^ (^^
Yl^l:

:

s.

that which opens (n.)

or pass, is opened.

:

YxflT- "to
ill,

v. a. to cover

a corpse with a funeral-cloth

raise," "elevate:' "heighten,"
Yli/f^:

"exalt.'''
evil,

or pall.

Matt,

xxvii. 59.

&

s.

Tigr. *?1^'A:: bad,

ttliijk- pass.
?ii1Yli5.l: caus.

malicious, wicked, immoral.

Gen.
6

ii.

9.

1n<5.A: V.
"let

a. to divide, to

part; to separate;

to

communicate;
it

to

pay.

Gen.

i.

:

^?ld.A:

Yld]l: s, a funeral cloth, with which a dead corpse is covered previous to his interment a pall.
;

divide:' " separate:'

Num.

vi. 7.

Also, a funeral.

2 Chron. xxi. 19.

Yia.*5:-'Tl'Pi,i':
Vl(5.*5
:

(

145

)

Ti'H"TiH:...?VTA:

6.T^"l::
Tn<i,.E:

nnd YJ'^*? s. the small-pox. Tigr.nR,^::
:

Amhara

"TI'H'TIH: Ar. gpt/Jb shaking of a fruit-tree; fumuft of war; griping in the bowels. Isa.
xviL
6.

s. velvet. s. s.

Bl.

YlrJ.^:
Yle^ji.:

one ivho divides, a divider.
fi

division, portion, fart.
svfficient quantiti^.

"TlJP: better
2 Chron.

Tiy:

?•?•

tl.P: twenty.

"TlE: Ar. ^]S^ a
'Yl^'TlJ^: Ar.
xi. 19.

kite.

Lev.

xi. 13.

Y14JP: Ar. Lla^ a
XXX. 30.

iVaJji

a houp, lap-wing.

Lev.

Yl'^P'l':

s.

a cap.

BL
Tl::
(D: (D: TS^: wawi, the nineteenth letter of the Abyssinian alphabet, pi'onounced like w.

*Tfl:

"^^J

ciiAF,

the eighteenth letter of the
is

Amharic alphabet;

pronounced
e.^. in

like the

German and
is

the Scotch ch,

Loch.

It

often confounded with the other aspiration:

—T: —

suffixed

pronoun

possess.

3d pers.

sing.

fern, her ; e.g.
fly": (1) suff.

n,^*P: "her house." 3d pers. sing. masc. (o) nominal,
(or

consonants, and sometimes with the Yl

from
it

to words ending in the 3d, 4th, 5th, or 7th
order,
e.g.

which it
the

is

derived.

In the Tigre language,
"ifl:,

(m^CI>':
(6)

flll^P:) "his
n«i,(D':

constantly interchanges with

similar to

guardian."
" his ox."

•1,^(5>^: " Ais master."
verbal,

Hebrew 3 with and witliout Ar. : T] ATi a : pl.Tl aTi.

the Dagesh.
pi.

where the verb does
e.g.

A

:

J^

Ji^U^
brace-

not terminate in the 2d order,

a female ornament tcorn on the
let

ancles,

a

a>: "he returned
saw Aim."

/iim."

?iiP'f'(I>':

o^tttl "she

of the ancles.
better

Isa. iii. 18.

ou^UQ^:

" thou beatest

Am."
eu-

TlA^:
mole.
*Tl

*Tl-A^:
30.

Ar. Iii-

Heb, "tVn

fli'Il'lf flh: " I guard, observe him."

(2)

Lev.
Ar.

xi.

Vid.
pi.

IhAK"'-

A^l:

^J^^

of ^li. canal, channel.

—T —

phonism, affixed to the same nouns as the pronoun, discernible only by the context.
:

infixed

pronoun 3d pers. sing. masc. in

Isa. xxxiii. 21.

verbs before the auxiliary
Lev.
xi.

"TlCl

^^- '^j^ chameleon.
A.r. t—J

30.

TlC^'fl :

J^

capers.

Isa. v. 2.
locusts.

2\A: e.g. _P(i>^ <PA: "he knows it." «5.i;f|*PA: "it is broken." 3*00 "IT AU: "thou wilt bring
him."
Lev.

*T|£^T.^: Ar.
xi. 22.

(Jf>-,=-

a sivarm of

(p

:

suffix

norif.
" I

Tlfl: Ar.(^l. Lev. xxiiL40. Yid.f^fiJM:-. "Tlh'TOA: Heb. 'pntiPr Gr. xa^oXtfiavov, elecI

nominal and verbal, 2d pers. sing hogi§_g): " your child." rtmU^: gave you."
e.g.

q»A:
i

v.n, Eth.

<DOA::

to

pass or spend

tJie

trum,

deemed
glass

to have been a substance

mixed

day, esp. tiie middle of the day,

up of

and gems, and more precious
Lee.

j

^:

and

onDf|..-|.: i.e.

between ^d, from about 10 a.m. to

than gold.

Ezek.
India.

i.

4. viii. 2.

fVij^-.iorVi^i
Tti"?!:
8.

Esther L

1.

Ar.

^^
.lli-

a peach.

Al.VhIl::
1

The form of salutation at meeting during that time is.gur: "hast thou passed the (mid-)day-time well ?" &c. Gen. XXV. 27: jiffl-A: ittQ: "passed" or
sunset.

TAU1:

"TlTC"

Ar.

low ground.

Kings

vii.

46.

" spent the day."

^qp^gu;
Isa.
iii.

Ar.

J^^

pl-

of

*jli- sea?,

stamp.

?k*PA:

trs.
:

to

make pass or spend
"

the day.

2L

OKUr

^POhA^lh:

may He cause you
i.e.

to spend the

day in health 1"

"good

'TlTl,'^: Ar.
Acts
xxviii.

i^^'l^ pi. of L'U- an inn.tavern.
1 5.

day r form of salutation at parting during the middle of the day.

TA: ...TOIAK:
YA:
o chamois,
s.

(

I-IG

)

^iTAK:
midwife.
Ex.

••'ra)<;.:

Ps. xlii.

1.

Gen.

xv. 9.

impro-

?i*PAE:

intens. to assist in child-birth, as a
i.

perly for

TAJP:

"turtle-dove."
breeches.

CD A": s, sleeves of Irowsers or i: "short breeches!''

16.

:

ff-

J'ifKDAK:

caus. to cause generation, to
Isa. Ixvi. 9
:

make

bring forth, &c.

n(D'i«*- 'h.i-'

Q)A°: or
Shoa.

QhAf

:

wello,

name

of a Galla tribe

A.A(D'Tf:

paiifi(DA.K': "M.: ?\A(D
I^^l^o
I

inhabiting the country between Lasta and

AJC9«'J: JiAA:>i"IH.?infh,0
cause others to generate, should

indeed

Q)AA:
Luke

s.

purified
:

honey,

freed

xxiv. 42

paiJC,:

(DAA:

lit.

from wax. "of the
1

not bring forth? saith the Lord." (DAJ^: Eth. s. Arab. A^:: son, especially the
second person in the Holy Trinity.

honey mass, the purified substance." (D£iAz s. a room (porch ?) Acts iii. 11.
vi.

Used
e.g.

Kings

also

in

Christian

names

of persons;

36.
s.

(DA^: nC^li^A::
a dance.

(DAK:

otjC.P'}^:

(D AA> :

"Wolda

Michael," " Wolda
e.g.
:

Maryam," &c.

<DA9^:

i\ii' to be dislocated, ivrenched, sprained, to be out of joint.

(DAK*:
Job
i.

i.q.(Df\S^:
3.

:

l^'^

"

?vtl^: "she-ass;' a bearing woman," " a
Isa. xxi. 3.

—:

fl)A.*'^: Ar. iu^. a meal, feast; esp. a nuptial
feast.
Isa. xxv. 6.
^-

woman

in child-birth."

(DA^:
pi.

ni.

(DAK,'^':
parents.

f-

progenitor, genitrix.

fl)A9^5''
dull.

dislocation, distortion.
to be unfair

(DA^'Y*:
s.

Luke
I

xviii. 29.

Q)Art: v.n.

weather;

esp. rainy,

*PA3:

a certain beast of prey in Shoa: to
it

what family
to ascertain.

belongs

have not been able

<I)A.fl: adj. rainy, dull, cloudy, unpleasant, (of the weather).
fflA*!*: V. n. to slip
off, to

TAiK":

Eth. one.

Vid.

?\^K'"
esp.

slide, to

drop from.

KTrhK:

^^^- '" ^nite.

Deut. xix.

5.

TTAK^
cause
to slip, to

?ifl)A^:
or drop,
:

trs. to

make

glide

P^s. /o be united, two natures in Christ.
Vid. Vid.
s.

used of the

Gen. xxvii. 40. to pull or shake off. a sort of hair-pin, or scratcher, made (DAI of wood, of horn, or of silver, sometimes
s.

•rTKK= (D9"nC:

(DKK-

(D^nC-

very neatly made. (DAnT: s. black cow or ox (Shoa). TAi^: s. a shield of soldiers. (2) a round disk of wood in the inner top of a round strawroof, in

(D9"d.'t-: and (D1<5L'V: s. Tigr. angn^^: a four sieve. Vid. OTJ-J^^P;: Rad. 1«J,::

(DA"T:

and (D"A"T:

s.

Ar. la^j

//le

interior

part, the inside of any thing. IKD'J"''?': " witliin," " inside," " internally." Gen. vi. 6.
(Dtio'
s.

which the

rafters join together.

a

report, news, tidings,

rumour, account,

G^AT5:
(DA (DA:

or ihA'^'i- Eur. s. volcano. Geogr. V. a. to scour with wet substances; to
to

information.

Gen. xxxvii. 14:

CDO'T(D'1:
i.e.

"Yl^^:
is

"tell

me

their
'Jfoi;

news"

"news con-

besmear; bedaub; overlay;

pave.
court.

cerning them."
the news?"

G)do- ?iA: "what

(DA(DA:
Ezek.

a.

pavement, a paved room, a Lev.

xl. 17.
s-

q>A^:

«

turtle-dove.

i.

14.

improperly

?ii(D^: verb-denom. to bring news or tidings, to report, make known, to publish. Gen. xlix.
21.

*PA-"

g-v^-

Jer. iv. 5.
to be reported, published,

(DAK:

^

^^-

'^i

^^^- ""-T
iii.

generate

T(D<5.: pass,
ed,

rumourT\,P'V

engender, to bring forth, to Gen. procreate, to breed, &c.

bear (a child), to
16. iv.
1.

made known.
"as
if

Acts xxi. 26

:

(D&.'-

was known," or "as he was
6.

be born, &c. •f (DAK^ pass, to

Gen.

iv. 26.

informed;'

2 Chron. ix.

;

(DC:
<DC:s. Eth.
month.

•®4^f":
Tigr.

(

147

)

(D'CTi^:
S'

TTrt:
2*^^^- ^^' ^'

(DC^:

(DCT."

Heb.

m^

(D'CT^:
a)^Vlisher
tale,

°"

'***'* ^''"*

The

plural, ©(J.'t': is

used as a sin-

s.

one

who

reports, brings

news; a pubtell-

gular with the signification of time. Regular Amh. plural fflC'^F": occurs Ex. xii. 2 _pO:
:

a of news, a reporter; sensu malo,
story-teller.

a

(DC: Pa)C¥: U-A-: onogoo^y:

^Uhf

(DCyi- WARKA,
more.

!pU«: "let this month be to you the first of all the months." P(DC. : o«r| ^p : " the enter-

s. Tigr. and Danlcali j^OQ:: a large tree in Abyssinia, similar to the syca-

ins of the

month,''''

" new-moon season."

(D^Q)^:
a

V. a. to
;

throw a dart, a javelin, a

stone,

<pi

:

s.

WARi, a

little blue bird,

of the size and

ball. See.

to bolt, bar.

Gen.

xxi. 20.

form of a sparrow.
Qi^a,:
V. a.

(1) to tickle, to crawl, (2) to

produce a

GyCVi' s. an archer, (D'C®^" ^- " tf'^o'^'
TI^jp: —
a stone's
:

shooter, thrower.
<^°s*'•

prurient sensation.
?i(D<i^<i: trs. to

phmder.
esp. fo lead

^^^ ^^- '^^ PS JPtlA: "about (the distance of)

make plunder;
Heb. CJ^

cast'''

the plundering troops.
(Dd,tl'^'-

Vid. T^QP&'i'to

(Q^IJ^: V. n. Heb.

TV
inf.

to

descend, go or come
descension,

a.

Ar. c£^j

inherit.

down,

to alight,

OXJCD'^J^:

"

Gen. XV. 3: ^(DCflVetL- "will be my In Abyssinian jurisprudence, it has heir." also the peculiar meaning, to confiscate the property of a criminal, and to deprive him of
his liberty.

descent.

T\Q)^Z

'•

a^*"

'**

niake descend, to lower.

'Wd.Z'
d.^-

pfiss.

&

refl. to

be lowered, brought
inf.

down, humbled,
dejected state.

to

humble oneself,

oo«p
i.

humiliation, lowliness, humility,hw and

In Shoa, this has

its

degrees ac;

Lev. xxiii. 29.

cording to the extent of the crime
criminal

Luke

48.

e.g.

a

may

be enslaved himself, but his

TxV^Kxxvi.
6.

h'S- io

humble, bring down.

Deut

and children) may retain their he with them may be condemned liberty; or to slavery or, as is frequently the case, he and his family and descendants are confamily (wife
;

TT*P^K:

intens. of

T*P«^:

to he com-

pletely humbled, to

humble

oneself.

(D«J»<iK: ^^ wager,

bet, to

lay a wager.
15.

demned
is

to slaverj^ for seven generations.

In that country (Shoa) no class of persons

(DC J?: ^- -^r* t/j;^ breadth, latitude. Gen. vi. •PCS' ^- '^ black mule.

exempted from
;

this law, except the royal

QPQR'

s.

the betting, bet, wager, emulation.

family

to which, for

some

reasons, it cannot,

(BQS.f^- ^^y

broad, spacious.

Isa. xxii. 18.

and

for others it needs not to be extended.
trs. to

t\(Dd.f^'

make an

heir, to bequeath.

(D^n
11.

:

s- f>eir.

(D*^ri: s. inheritance, heritage. (DC/fi s. gold, and sometimes money.
xiii.

: + (D'CS": ^* tribute, tax, duty, custom. P 9'"nT«: a sort of tobacco, which the king of Shoa levies as a tribute from the Gallas, unprepared dried and broken tobacco-leaves
:

Gen.

ii.

is better

2:
2

OiC/P'.

HP:

" cloth

wrought

than the A1?: "?"•?" flT": native tobacco of Shoa, which, before it is dry, is made

with

gold,''
s.

Sam.

i.

24.
letter.

up

into cakes, dried,
^'

and brought into

sale.

Q)j»«|>'f:

Ar. Juy pap)er ; esp. a

(D»C^:
Trt:
to

hoar-frost; dew.

Ps. Ixxviii. 47.

(DdS*

'•

^-

^^ animal similar to the capricom
favour, complaisance.

or wild-goat.

v. a. & n. Eth. (Dfhil: " commodavit." do any thing by mediation, to take a media-

(Ddt*:

s.
s.

Gen. xx.
Lev.

13.

ting agent, chiefly in purchases or loans.

(DC^:
a

the forefoot of animals.
s.

vii. 34.

'CVfl:
broker
iii.

n.
;

to to

be or become surety,

bail,

or

(|)4»^|^;
lancet.

a small pointed cutting instrument,

borrow on a pledge, by

bail.

Ex.

22. xii. 35.

;

JWrt:
2\<prt:

.

.

.

2\fl(D1*4:
or
sell

(

148
to

)

a)$'6:
s.

.

.

.

(D-f-'V:

a. to hail, to lend,

by bail;

Q)^i:

a mason,

chiseler, cutter

or engraver in
JtJIlTJ':

find «pfl
:

bail.

Ex.

xii. 3fi.
;

stone ov wood.

iSam.

v. 11.

(Df

a hail ; n broker, medialiny agent between a seller and buyer, between lender and borrower, who is responsible to both parties for the bargain or contract agreed upon. (2) was, name of a singing
s.

(1)

a surety

Q"^: "masons."
a)*I»rt: V. a. Eth.

"causam suam
:

defendit." to
to accuse,
:

reprehend, reprove, expostulate uith,
charge. Ps.
1.

S

flA : ao;uLf<pO'VtJ
"it
is

P9"

(D^flU: K^^ALhT":

not for thy
Dcut.

.

bird of the size of a sparrow, whose appearance and volitation is considered as ominous
to Abyssinian travellers, on their route.

sacrifices that I reprove thee."

TT'trt:
(D*l"^:
sation.
s.

recipr. to strive, quarrel

u-ith.

xxxiii. 8.

(B'^A'T:
versely.

"•'•

^-

&

51.

to be perverse,
1.

and

to act per-

a law-suit, a charge, complaint, accu-

Prov. xix.
s-

Micah
s.

vii. 9.

(DflAJ":
0)1^1
:

a j)erverse, faithless, dishonest person, double-dealer. Prov. xi. 3. xvi. 28.
V. a. to limit, border, to confine, to

(Q^'X':

Ar.
-

Ajjj!
s.

an ounce.

Matt,

xviii. 28.
vii. 11.

circum-

fll'^jPf fl

Gr.

iiKiavoi, ocean.

Gen.

scribe, to define, appoint.

instead of «1>/^JE::

•V(Dfi\- pass,
(DffTi'
s.

to be limited,

&c.

(D'tfD:

V. a. to bruise, to j)ound, triturate in

a

mortar.

limits, borders, confines, frontier.

Q)fl^: X. SL. "fCDrtKanother.

to take.

Gen.

xiv. 11.

Tffl'Tm
by

:

pass, to be bruised,
to

pounded.
be

"htlQi^ill- caus.
j)ounded.

cause or order to

pass, to be taken.
'" '^""** takiny, to take

txfliDflS.- ^^"S-

^n

:

s.

tertian intermittent fever.
s.

GX'-fl:

&

adj. beauty, fairness, beautiful, fair,

(Di^^:

s.

one xuho takes.
needle; awl, punch.
;

nice, pretty,

handsome.

Gen.

xii. 11.

•fTn:
hole,

V. n. to be beautiful,

handsome.

Gen.

fflflfi^: s. larye

<pn

:

s.

a cave, cavern, grotto

a den,

a bur-

xxiv. 16.

row.
(D-*!
:

Gen.
dog.

^TTTncidem.

xix. 30. xxiii. 9.
xi. 7.

Ex.

^P:

s.

woBO, a beast of prey, resembling the

leopard, with a large head.

(D^fi^'J:

s. fornicator,
:

whoremonger.
s.

(D^Hn

a house or other place, the sick: at Aukober, a bagnio, which a for certain baptized Turk built for the king.
:

aid ff^Thn

(D'H^:
22.

Ar.

j_)j^

a shower of

rain.

Ezek. xxviii.

(D'flC: Ar.Jjj"a certain quadruped, smaller

Q)'^:

v. a.

Eth.

(D^O:

Tig.

(D*^:

Ar.

than a
jj?.
xi. 3.

cat,

and -without a

tail."

Golius.

Lev.

"cecidit," "percussit."

Heb. yj^
:

"cecidit."

Amh.
ii.

to

thrash out the corn by beating.

Ruth

a>'ri^:
GP'X-:
s.

s.

beauty, fineness, fairness, nicety.
vii. 13.

17. to knock,

^^'i: ^(D^A "he knocks

Cant.

perhaps for QJ'J^:

love.

at the door."
beating Tfl)3*: pass, to be thrashed out by 27. Isa. xxviii. to be knocked.
fl)«l»4: V.

Ar. i_yjo

"mamma."
s.

Gi^Cpi.

Eth.

string of a musical instrument.

?ia^:^C"
(D'I'iJ.:

a

to

hew,

cut,

engrave in stone or wood.

(P'TQ: and
Rad.

adv. always, constantly,
Elx. v. 7.

Matt, xxvii. 60.

continually, irwessantly.

Jer. viii. 5.

tiD'V^-

pass.

(DT^:
s. s.

Eth.

Nehem. iii. 3. 2\T*l'«i- intens. 1 Kings vi. 9. to be cut ?ifl(D^*4: cans, to cause or order
out with the chisel.

(DT't':
(D-f-'t":

Tigr.

Rq-

milk.

Gen.

xlix. 12.

idem.

Godjam and Shoa

dialect.

Job

X. 10.

;

(DT^r.-.flDVgA:
Q)TJ^:
s.

(

149

)

(DllA:
V. n.

..•

(DHWHbreak an
xiii. 6.

peg, esp. for a tent.

Isa. liv. 2.

(DttA:

&

act

to

be faithless, perfidious,

(Pit'KC: si"g(D'J'RC,i''t'soldiership.
s.

^

Pl-

Tigr.

(DTlt^C: and

U*

unjust, disloyal ; to cheat, defraud, to

JCJ*:: soldier.
s<a/e

engagement, promhe, or oath

;

to rebel.

and

condition of a soldier,

(DiT.A

:

id.
s.

Judges

ii. 1 1.

2 Chron.

(DTI A:

s^oj'i* obstruct,

(1) the Gospel,

from the Greek
perjury.

(DT/5."
jmte.

^'

**•

oppilaie, consti-

eiiayye?uov.

(2) fraud, deceit, dishonesty, per-

L.

fidy,

injustice,

breach of promise

;

Tfl)"!**?.: pass, to be slopped, &c.

The word
coot."

in the latter sense occurs always
;

ay-J:

s.

Eth. and Tigr. oij^::

M;a/«'.

P—
s.

fem. (D'^JP'H:

in the O. T. in

in the former, in the N. T. and

:

JE^t^:

"a water-hen," "a

common

language.
; deceitful; dis-

QJ'^nA:
class of
is

a carrier of water; in Shoa, one
it

ffl'iT.A'f: adj. (I) fraudulent

female slaves whose sole business

honest; perfidious,
xxxii. 20.
1

rebellious,

unjust.
(2)

Deut.

to carry water.
adj. belonging to ivater;
s.

Kings

xvi. 9,

evangelical

fl)'^^:

Aquarius, a

an

evangelist.
:

constellation.

Geogr.
Al.

Q)'5T.A'5

s.

an

evangelist.

Acts xxL

8.

anno
Eth.
throne,

s.

Tigr. au-^ni,-:

(D7»nC:
a

'

(Di^^<PTIX|,:

s.

a

deceiver, cheater, rebel,

a perfidious

inf.

ofin.C= "^o

^i*"

«

«^"'' chair,

person.
I

a bench, a

stool,

meton. member of

which lias to discuss all the more difficult and important lawmatters, and to lay their judgment before the kins: for final decision, conf. Bruce iii. 24.
the supreme court of justice,

s. a drinking-horn, out of which the Abyssinians drink their beer and water.
s.

(DIEp.Q.:

sling.

(DV^:

s.

bellows, i.y.
5- sieve, i.q.

Judges xx. 16. oofjl^p::
(D'F'd-'t'::

a)'i&/t':

Num. vii. 13.
to

(DTnS^:
xxii. 26.

s.

a man-slayer, a murderer.

Deut.

TT:
(IhT :

and q>l': v.n.
Isa.

Eth, l-ffliP: "lusit"

John
s.

x. 1.
Isa.

swim.
xxv. II. Rad. ^P*?"::
Bl.
s.

xxv. 11.

(DfT?':
lentils

s.

a sicimmer.

standing water, a pond, in which one

fl>"5(I>'{':

a sort of bread made of peas or
oil.

can stvim.
a>?iin«Tl:

Rad. •P'F"

with a good quantity of
s.

(D'J'H:

brook;

river,

stream; dry bed of a
ii.

Ex. xxxiv.

(Dt^Si.: Eth. iniquity and crime. Vid. ?in»^ and T.;j^:: 7.
:

river; a valley.

Gen.

13.

xiv. 3.

fl)YlA:

V. a.

Ar.

(Jj'j to establish,

confirm, place

*nW:
(D'5^:

s.

WANZA, an Abyssinian tree, described
vii.

by Bruce,
s.

164

— 166.
the

firmly and securely.

"VCDYlti: pass.
di-^tin-

Ps.

Iii. 8.

a man,

male of man, as

guished from

["Lt":

"woman."

"a mule
slave."

child," " a son."

:

A^:
"

(D*^A: Ar. Jx^
•PA::

wild-goat, Capricorn.
5,

Amh.

Deut. xiv,

:

HC"-"

'"«^

(DthA:

(D^J^gn:
xiii. 8.

s.

brother,

pi.

(DlJ^qP^:: (DT
2.

pi. JyCy of the same. Jer. 1. •PO,^: Eth. s. excessive heat. Isa.

39.
xlix. 10.

j^oijorej'^f :

and COTJ^oijati'-f-:: Gen. iv.

Jer. xxxvi. 30.

xlii. 13.

G>H :
fflTI:

V. n. to perspire,

of.

Heb. 3?T\

fl)"}

p-iyo^^-

s.

brothership, brotherhood, fraxi. 14.

I^flCDH: caus. to cause perspiraiion.
s.

terniiy.

Zech.
^s*}

sweat, perspiration.

k

:

h-SL^l'- "to

sweatr "perspired
^ stringed instrument, a sort of
to be false,

Gf\SluJe.

Ar-

*?H:

s. jest,

joke, sport, mockery, scoff, scorn,
adj. jester, joker,
i.

Dan.
for

iii. 5.

.THf:

s.

&

scorner ; jovial

(D^^A:

(D^lA: and (DilA:
Ps. ixxxix. 33.

scornful.

Ps.
V. a.

1,

faithless.

®Hfl)H:

to shake, to swing, to

wave,

to

:

:

2^a)H(DH: ..(DK:
vibrate.

(

150

)

(D^K;:

.

.

.

(DKrt

:

Rev.\'i. 13:

pnAft:

£i«i,:

i^^^

and

flOKK^:

1-0) J^*: J«.:T[4.fl: nU)H(DH-r:1.H.:: "even as the fruit of a fig-tree falls, when a strong wind lias shaken it."

PK,FO
and

(comp. of (DR: and _p: gen. "to there," "to that," "thither,"
,

"thitherwards."
P'l-:) "

0)5^,'"^"=

(^omp. of (DJ^:

?»a)H(DH: idem. <D^-: 0)^7":: or flD.Cfl:
*PJE: interj.

conj. or.
i.ij.

where ?" a)JK~ n*"!*: " where," which;" e.(/. CD^Afl'V: "where there "in is," " where he is." »

: ?iA: "to wail," "to utter woeful cries." id. with suff. (DP'A^ : "woe unto me !" fflP-: (DP-Afl: "woe unto thee (fem.)!" Matt.

oh! ah! alns! woe!

"KfflJE".

Qy^R- 0) s- Ar.
nQ)'R,: R"!-:
Cant.
(2)
i.

3j love, affection.
"

John

xv. 10

:

he strong, firm, in

my

love

!"

2.

xi. 21.

adj. beloved;

dear, precious, costly, of
"l^ ::

(DJEAA.: s. a a),P7°: conj.
(DJJ<5.:
s.

species of large roes.
i.q.

high price,

fem. ©'jg;

Deut. xxviii. 56.

(D^fl:
viii. 11.
:

Gen.

xviii. 21.

ffl^tl: and fflJ^U: adv.
hitherwards.

to tliis, to here, hither,
:

the u-ild olive-tree, is indigenous in

(D'S'.UT

©SLtl

:

i-

<!

fflSLtir

Abyssinia.

Gen.
or.

(DP^:
(various)

"hither and thither," "in different
directions."

(DJEft : conj.

(D^fl


:

,

or.

With negation
s.

neither —

:

(D^fl

:


,

:

either

fflfi^Ur:

(D^J?:

nor.

•"JA'l': "to move in different directions."
2 Chr. xxxi. 4:

(D^H:
V^'J".
ing.

adj. light-tjrcen, ijelloivisk.

nP<.'^A.9«9":

PO^r

woeful exclamation, ejaculation, wail-

A'ilUrTr: AA. Ct-T: spa^jPT: y^Q.A^a^^: K'}J^rim:"and
iWH-n: J'^HH:
he ordered the people who lived at Jerusalem
to give to the priests and Levitcs their jjor-

a)P"J":
(DJE'?:
lit.

s. s.

idem.

Ezek.

ii.

10.
:

grape, raisin.

" mead of grapes."
grape,'"
i.e.

P — X^: "wine;" P — "h'i^ " stem
:

tion;"

A>k1H.P'n<h.C: ^'^- (DJ^yf:
A'nJA-'l':

:

of the

"vine."

P—
1,18.

P—
1

:

:

tlQ,i,:

"vineyard."

P:^: and Kings xxi.

O)^^:
" that

they might be able

J^ifA^O)-: to (move

Hl^:
in diffe-

(h«^1: "cluster of grapes."'' P HAA: i-q- (D^l:: cf. Heb. ]•;; "wine."
:

p—

P—

:

ttl^: "branch

of a vine."

rent directions) go on comfortably, for the In narration, (DK,Ulaw of the Lord." serves to indicate the time when any thing has happened or is to happen, denoting some

Ar. "^r "grapes not quite ripe."
Lat.
.

Gr.

oTvov.

"

vinum."

Engl.

"

wine."

Gei-man
properly
title

time nearer to the present, than the event itself; or nearer than another mentioned
period;

"

wein." &c.
1j1-

Gi^UQ:
title

G)j£H'HC:'»^-^'^'*^«"-

W

had beaten him,"
beating

e.g.'{\cin-^(^: a>£tl: "after he lit. "hitherwards from his
:

of royal princes and princesses. (2) of ladies of rank. (3) common title of respect,
applicable to every married

woman,

i.e.

to

lii/.i." 'n^'VC,: ©^.tJ: "hitherwards from mid-day " if this is said in the same morning, it signifies 'before noon "; if

every female who is no longer a virgin. The same vulgarisation as the French " Madam." (D^Pj^I: s. a bullock; i.e. young bull.

in the

evening of the same day,

it is

" after-

noon."
(j)_g-yiHI_:

— A^ <DK- prep, — :^¥: "downwards." — "upwards." — "inward," "to the
to,

unto, toward, towards.
:

:

(j)/x»»]p:

interior."

an Abyssinian quadruped, resize, and stature, a horse; but having twohoi-ns standing straight upright, and hoofs like a cow and its flesh
s.

sembling, in formation,

;

tr^^: "outwards." fl)K.«" G)S^^- ^nd <DKHU: (comp. of (DK: and J^y: gen. " PH.U:) "hither wards," to this." (DjJ.^:

very palatable.

G)^i\- Eth. V. a. non occ.

to praise, laud,

commend. Amh.

"

:. :

?i(DKrt:

••T(D:3:

(

151

)

TT^:
intens.
ivith.

t"P7K:
to

^^CDJE[rt: v. n. to sing and chant

wUh

music

"TT^:
fight

& recipr.
Ex.
i.

make war upon,

to

at Divine Worsliip.
QhJEJrt,
: s.praise, (/lory, commendation. Y^^'P: "vain glory,'''' "amb'ition." Pliil. ii. 3. : orq|[;^7D: "Praises of Mary" title of a part of the Abyssinian Liturgy.

10.

(D"|:
26.

s.

custom, habit, usage, law.

Gen. xxix-

•—

:

cf.
s.

A»T:
s.

*P^:

(D«79n.^:

CDK*I»:

V. n. to fall.
'•

?i(DK't'

trs. to
ii. 2.

Gen. xiv. 10. xxiv. 26. makefull, bring down, to fell.

Gen. iv. 1. xv. 1. and cupping instrument. Tliis in Abyssinia is a horn, the point of which has been cut off to the hollow part.
price, value, wages.

the cupping,

Lament,
ffl.^*^:

?ifia)K1>:iclem. 3. that which

falls.

PYtC.:

The broad basis of the horn is applied to the body of the patient, and the head of it is
:

"the

taken into the moutli of the cupper,
sucks the air out
till

v?l!o

tone, accent,

emphasis of a word or speech."
18.

the skin rises

:

he then

Gen. xxxiv.
fl>'JEJ"l*'r:
s.

makes with a razor a few
Acts
xxvii. 12.

incisions, and, ap-

thefaUing,fall, downfal. Jer. vi. 2 1

plying the horn a second time, sucks again
till

Q)K'^^
31.

^-

harbour.

Ps. cvii.

sufficient.

Vid.

Moo::
Ex.
viii. 26,

Heb. vL 19. for "anchor." "whence?" : Yl (Dj^'t*: adv. where? "whither." Gen. iii. 9. John xiv.

(Did.:

to stone, kill

by stoning.


4.

T(m<^:
(D^6:
kill,
3.

pass, to be stoned.
to

Hl^:

?ifI(Dl«i: caus.

cause being stoned.
to

(DKUtl:

adv.

to this, hither.

Vid. (Dg^tJ::

lapidutor, one

G)S.,y- adv.

thither, to that, after.

YlH.y: —

by stoning.
s.

who kills, or intends Luke xiii. 34.
Gen. xxxv.
11.

"after this," "after that," "afterwards."

CD'lfl:

the loins, the hip.

Ex.

fflKK - ^'' ^" •^^* 4> '" ^°^^' '" ^'^^' '" cherish, he fond of, to be inclined to, to be pleased, to ivish. Ps. xl. 13 (I>KJ^: T%n.f: '^K'Yl: Hl^:
:

xxviii. 42.

(SPl^t

s.

the piercing, stinging,

transfixing,

ivounding, fighting, a fight, conflict.

" be pleased,

O

Lord,

m save me

!

'I'fflSK- pass, to be beloved, &c.

(D'IfV- idem. esii. fight, war, xxxi. 4. 1 Sam. xiv. 20.
and
closely

battle.

Num.
Matt.

?k.*PKK- intens.
together, to

to join intimately

(D'3'^:

s.

piercing, &c., esp. acute pain.

connect

and join

into one.
;

viLi. 17.

TTJiK"
2Cor.

recipr.

to love

one another

to be

ffln

:

s.

side

;

relation
Is

;

kind, family, species,

joined and

closely connected

one with another.

party, people.

vi. 16.

Eph.

iv. IG.

{J)P^:
13.

s.

friend, beloved, favourite.

Gen. xiv.

used collectively and as sing, whose plural is (Dli°^'-:: Gen. ii. 10. X. 31. John i. 11. Geu. xxiii. 11. Ex. xxviii.
20
:

John
v. a.

XV. 13, 15.

for row,

series.

(D^g-i^:

3. friendship.

(STiH'- V. a. to

excommunicate,

to

hold for excom-

T

:

to purchase, buy.

Acts xx. 28.
xviii. 4.

to

municated, accursed, or religiously prohibited.

engage by money.
X. 6.

Judges

2

Sam.
xxiii.

TfflTH:
Lev.

pass,

to

be

excommunicated,

&c.

X. 10.

ffiSiK"13.

^' o- fiel<l<

piece of ground.

Gen.

QhT-TI:
8, 9.

adj.

excommunicated, anathematized, Deut.
vii. 26.

Nehem.
V. a.

vi. 2.

accursed, prohibited.

Gal.

i.

(D^i

Eth. (D"l?k:

Ar.U-^

Heb. n^J

<o

pierce, sting, to prick, to hit,

wound;

esp. to

(Dl^:

V. n. to

go away,

imper. (D"IJf : m.

pierce, ivound with a lance as in war, to fight.

(D^^;:f. CD"ZK,:pl. "away!" "give way!"

Gen.

xiv. 9.

T*P1Kvi. 29.

pass, intens. to be taken away.

Jer.

T<D3-

pass, to be stung, pierced, transfixed.

.

:

:

?»fia)T^:...ha)<5.*;:
^»fta)1.^: cans, io make go away, away. John i. 29.

(

152

)

(DQ,<S.9": ..-

OA-V:

to inhe

0)^^.9":
(DQ.Cr-"
ss.

adj. thick, fai, big, voluminous.

thickness, bigness, voluminousness.
mill,

(DIT: ^kA: <o c/oion, 15. 1 Sam. xi. 11.

to be datj-break

Jos. vi.

(D^P*:
initial

and

esp.

</ie

lower millstone;

(Dim
Heb.
inf.

the upper one being

called

onj^:: and

Tlie
[U.:

:

V. a.

i.

q.

a)1>m ::

Ex. xxx. 36.
Tigr. (D »?».::

fl):

is

substituted for oxt:

(D"l:and(D>t:

Eth. a)0?\::

for

CCj,:

as

the regular derivation from

l^a^ to yo out, yo forth, to proceed, ori-

•ro^CR.'!".

would have been

ou^Oi^:

ginate, separate

from

;

to rise, ascend,

go up.
out, the

or contracted oofj^cq,;;

Rad. dLCtl"

tnj(i>ni.1.: the going forth, going
the
r'lsing.

origin,

PRrfiJC:
sun."

oroO)'")'!':

O:
O: *^.CT: Amharic
ain,

" the rising of

tlie

the

twentieth letter of the

?ia)"l: or up;

trs. to take, briny, drive,

alphabet.

In the Tigre language

or lead out

to expel, to to

bring forth.

Gen.

i.

12.

make go out or up, and i-(J- 7\ai*^:: Luke viii, 54. Zech. v. 4. 2\*P»n: i.q. 2Y(D"1 :: Jer. xxxi. 32. a)T: and (DR-: s. a sauce, into which the meat and bread is dipped at meals, and in genex-al cookery; i.q. ^^£i,:: : n^'t": "kitchen." : fi6f: "female cook." Cooking is held in Abyssinia as unbecoming to men; therefore male cooks are found only with foreign travellers and in monasteries.
?ifia)"1: caus.

p—

P—

pronounced with an amplification of the larynx, and an accompanying depression of the root of the tongue just as in the Arabic, and as it probably was in the Ethiojiic, and partly in the Hebrew. In the Amharic, its pronunciation is not at all different from that of /\: hence both letters are, in most instances, confounded together in order, thereit is
; ;
:

fore,

to preserve

an orthographical

distincliterati,

tion for a

few

cases, the

Amharic
'

having

lost the

name

'

aix,

call it t^JiV-:

O

Till:

V. a.

Eth. (D'lttl

:: to

devour, swallow up,

or the A of the word ain.

to absorb.

Gen. xxxvii. 33.

Ex. xv.

12.

p:

the Greek letter u.
••

Rev.

i.

8:

J\A^:
In the

't'*Pfn: pass, to be devoured, absorbed.
?»fl*PfF!: caus. to cause deglutition, absorption.

fjrpo;
Ci Aijn
:

the

Alpha and the Omega.'"
Ar. Jlc world.

s.

Heb. DTiV

(Dditn.:
iv. 23.

s.

a young

he-goat, not gelded.

Lev.

Etloiopic, it signifies also

an indefinite length

of time, esp. duration of the world, in the

*PEP»:

s.

t^Wf :
(D'EJi:

devourer;
:

adj.

devouring, absorbing.

phrase,

"^sh-devourer,"

name

of an unclean

A^ A9": "into eternity," "for ages"; A«^A9n: (Dti^til": ^^AT": "in secula,
seculorum"; and
is

"heron." Deut. xiv. 12. and QhCU.: (1) imp. fern. sing, of CD"!:: go out! go up! (2) s. the external, exterior part the outside of any thing opposed
bird, prob.
, ;

et in secula

esp.

/\«?n; which

rendered in Amharic
2 Sam.
ii.

HA^ AHA

£^t^:

'•

into eternity."

26

:

>i,fj'h:

A^A9":
{J/ittij:

"into eternity," instead of

AHA

to "in.

:

" the interior."
s.

(pJtcnj^:
a
net.

(pro ouR-oo^g-:^ a snare, trap,

or o^f^aij:

s.

Ar. ijs. sign, mark, token,
esp.

Rad.

Rao^::

(J)^: improperly Lev. xi. 19: PA.'t": Vtk/f. PQ.: "a bat."

character;
:

signal;

mark of

nationality,

for

ensign, flag,
xxviii.
1
1

standard, banner, colours.

Acts

(S&.^'

v. n. to be,

or become thick,

big, fat, volu-

t^A'^^'E:
Titus

adj.

fem;

—^^:
:

worldly, secular.

minous.
?i(D<5.<i: trs. to thicken, fatten, minous.

ii. 1 2.

Rad. ci A'7"
day.
10.

make

volu-

OA'^

:

Eth.

s.

Amh. fl:: OA-'f:

OA^:

f daily."

Gen.xxxix.

P«l»K9°: OA'T:

:

c^oo'fl'

:

,

.

.

t^il Ji'fl
day.""

(

153

)

Of:
s.

OCD'/V':

"the past
•:4cni''|':

t/fly"

"a former
6.

pi.

OA

03".

Vid.>i3'::
Ar.
iaiic carneol, cornelian- stone,

J"!" : days, Job

iii.

^^^i
tlie

a gem.

better Qonfi-z Eth.

year.

Amh.
pil-

Ezek. xxviii. 13.

Vid.

aD<h:
harlot,

i^«l;*::
pi.

generally ?»«roi?i-:; Mai.

iii. 4.

07°J^:
lar,
pi.

s.

Heb. TlQV Ar.

5^
14.

a column,

OlJ'n: Eth. s. concubine, Cant vL 9.

Oin'Tf::

?»0o^J^::

Is often spelled J\

9™ J^::

Kix'^K'"

Gen. XXXV.

Ex. xxvi. 32.

0000:

Also, column on a ^vritten page. Vid. Tv'P'j^:: and«loTJ0: Eth. "iniquus fuit," "in-

os^'fl: Ar.t_>lftc black eagle. Lev. xi. 14. Amh. ak'abit, '^iPn.^: s. Eth, "custos."

who

female miller, title and office of an old woman has to grind the com for the holy combread.

juria affecit."

Arab,

to be unrighteous, unjust,

munion

wicked

;

rebellious, disobedient; to act wickedly,

unjustly; to rebel.

Gen.

xiv. 4.

O'l'n^: and t^^pn'T:

qotj^:

s.

& adj.

wicked, unrighteous, unjust, re-

bellious,

t^oog:

a rebel. and 0""g:
;

s. Eth. O'P'fl: iMc a precipice, precipitous declivity, iieep, declivity Vid. A'Tfl'^:: of a mountain or hill.

2 Chr. XX. 16.
s.

wickedness, injustice,

unrighteousness

rebellion, refractoriness.

Gji^o^^: Ar. ,J*ac
Isa.

s.

pie,

magpie.
14.

Lev.

xi. 18.

(\aciO: idem. Jos.

xxii. 22.

xxxiy.

1 1.

Zeph.

ii.

t^oog^:
s.

adj.

&

s.

Lq. t^aijqf^:

Deut.

ix. 24.

0^^:
yi:

Ex.

xii. 22.

a handful, a bunch.
pi. 0'fl«5.(D-'

Cioog^'i^:: Otroo^l^: and ?iouo^i't- ::
refractoriness, rebelliousness, rebellion, insur;

OTI^^*^:

adj.

Hebrew, hebraic.

Hebrews.
38.

Gen.

xl. 15.

rection
1

wickedness, injustice, unrighteousness.
xi. 27.

ciU|:

Kings s. and U-'l::/sA.
i-g-

0'n«5.^fn*: Luke xxiii.

Gr.i/Spa'iffTi, the

Hebrew language.
fieri."

OflP:
non
joy, t/e%/i<,

Eth.
occ.
:

"magnum

esse vel

Amh.

Out'T':

(h^L'f. and ?k«^'^:
cf.

cheering, joyful exclamation,

"XUJ^: and

cii**i^" Ps.

xix. 11.
It' is

?\0n P and contr. tjfl P: to enlarge, extol, celebrate. Nahum i. 15. and ^nP: to be magnified, refl. to TOflP:
magnify
proud.
oneself, to be

*%"£^ni:
"fish,"

s. tf/io^e.

composed oft^uf;

puffed up, haughty,

and Oin«5: Eth. "whale."
s.

Num.

xvi. 3.

^Cyii
xi. 29.

Kt. ^yyc and ^^.c

a weasel.

Lev.

?^fj:^nP: cans, to injlate with pride, to pvff up, make proud. Rom. xi. 20. Hos. xiii. 6.
On-.PL: adj. On-^T: and On-P-^-: fl proud, haughty, arrogant, overbearing; vain, ambitious,

Od.'P--

Vid. ?\«^1>::
'^^

OC^CiJ^'fl:

P^oce.

puffed up, self-conceited.

Ps. cxix. 51,

iJ&^^'t"- nakedness.

and OC'H:
Eth.
V. n.

s.

Vid. "K^'lJ'f:: Friday.
ascend,

69, 78.

O^l:
*%C^C04<I.:

/o

mount, by

*%13»
steps.

:

Ar. ilJULc a species of eagles.
V. a. i.q.

Lev.

xi. 13.

Vid. Ttd,!::

05't:
Job xxx.
4.
ii.

M^::
(2) pearl.

Ar.Jc^ juniper.

0^4^:pl.
12.

c.

deriw.

Vid. ?»<^<i,::

?vOfq»'-:: (l)ffem. Ex. xx^•iii. 12.
s.

Gen.

0'}*<t1':
cjiTfrj
:

Eth.

O*^'!-:
s.

«

scandalum," a
Ex.
x. 7.

stambling-block ; a scandal, offence.

Ar. iiLa:

tone/, bundle.

Eccles.

xii. 6.

OOX-A": and *^a>A":
storm, hurricane.

strong wind, gale,

*'iOl^'f!: At. t_^'-a; pi. of L'.,c; bands,

bandeaux

Is usually

connected with
x. 19.

for the head.

Isa.

iii.

23.

14.^1:: <^(D'<V:'J4.fl: Ex.

:

U(D^.'.

.

.

.

ORo^:
"coccus
fiiit"

(

154

)

«^gorit:...H:
Ar.

H^:

0(D(i: v.n. Heb,

-)^i>

Ar.

Ji^

t^^m^

:

^a.^

African, Persian, barbarian,

"monoculua
^(Dd,: John

fuit." to he

or become blind.

nun-Arabian"

Isa. xxviii. 11.

Vid.

hj^^^l"
24.

pass, to he blinded, to be inade blind. ix. 39.
trs. to blind, to

OlA: non
:^^

oce.

A
:

:

v. recipr. to wrestle.
ix. 42.

Gen. xxxii.

tk-^Qii,:
xix. 11.

make

blind.

Gen.

Luke

OIUJ non
Heb.
'T))} blind.

occ.

Offi'C:

a<lj-

^TUI
xii. 4.

:

v.n.

&

act. to be patient, to endure, to

CKD-CJk^ :

s.

blindness.

Zech.

suffer.

Gen.
9.

xlv. 1.

Ezek. xxxvi.
patient,

6.

Oa)*!*: c.derivv. Vid. hCD1»:: Oay-'P't' : s. knowledge. Vid. >ka>'«I»'t'::

0^•M':

adj.

suffering,

meek, modest.

Eccles. vii.

OH^i-:

a pit; well; and, in a very few instances, a necessary. With the latter signis.

'^"IC^^
xiv. 12.*

-^^-

i>j^ the planet Mercury.

Acts

Better in the revised translation,

fication it is distinguished

from cj^^: gno

J^£;: because the latter is so small, that it sen-es only for a few occasions, whereas the

0"n
Ofni:

:

s.

incense, esp. frankincense.
to

Ex. xxv.

6.

V. a.

fumigate with frankincense,
Vid.

to

former can be used for a long time. OHL-fl: i-q. ?iH,TI: south-east.

bum frankincense,
S'fni
mightxj,
:

J\ml::

pass.

Ex. xxx.
to

1.

Oa-H:

Eth. adj.

Heb.nty
Gen.

kv.jij^

JiiTimi: caus.
incense.

cause the burning of frank-

strong, powerful.

xlix. 24.

OR*:Ar. Jiy^
tion.

the Orion, Capella, a constella-

OR'1-1': and 0T1""I': s. ORfS.: V. a. to fold up, to
x\'ii.

i.q.

lay into folds.

?iT'5'"r: bone. Ex.

Job

ix. 9.

(^^-J: and O^T: s. Heb. J^i^ Ar. eye; meton. fountain. Gen. iii. 5.

^

11.

the

;f'K<5.: pass, to be folded up.

xiii. 10.

?i.'lR<5.: caus. to cause folding up.

OR'^: and 00 Q,"
ground and used for a water-closet." t^JEI OTI: "a trellis," "grate." cjjs'}: ?i'Pt;:
"

s.fold, time.

Gen.

iv. 15.

Vid.>,X-^::

Og:

s.

Eth.

00:

"arbor, lignum, patibulum,

hog-beans." Tigr.

^R-nt": «^^1:" a mot^^T:

sors."

In the Amharic, only the latter sig-

ment," "the twinkling of an eye."

nification is applicable, fo^

:

tjA: "to
Aye! aye!
Jer.

TVIH.:
Taccaze.

aTn taccazk, the fountain of the river

cast lots."

Lev. xvi.
interj.

8.

OB-'TS: KTSCB,

of wonder;

t%^:

Isa. X. 26.

The Abyssinian

translator
{J

Dear me!

wonder!

mistook fjo for ijo in the Arabic Version, isLsc "his rod"; instead of which he read

vvw

QR:

Eth, s. harvest. Amrto ^T- 1 rY

Amh.

?iiC0>5?::

which he could not make out, and therefore gave the same mistaken word with
jsUec

^lO^:

or

OR"^: an
1

upper garment, a gown, a
ii.

mantle.

Amharic

letters.

xliii.l2.

OP:

'

money or property due on any accoont. Ex. xxi. 22: O.^: IT: "to contract or incur debts."'' Of.R : Yl <i.A " to pay debts:" HA:—: and ntkSL- "owner of debts" in a double sense, " creditor" as well
s.

debt,

p^:
bird,

s.

8. Ezra ix. 3. Jer. Had. OXd.:: Heb. rjlj;. plpsj^f-: and hOTQ.::

Kings

PA. A.'t'

:

:

or PA.I':

:

"

a bat."

:

H:

H: H^:
f,

as " debtor."

zm, the twenty-first letter of the Amharic alphabet It answers to the Hebrew

(j^aii:

s.

age,

any period

of

life.

Gen.

iii.

17.

and the Arabic^-, and

is

pronounced

like

: :

:

'HOA:..HA"l:
the English and French
is
z.

(

155

)

HA"I:l':
s. tallness,

-HOfl/S.:
1

In Ethiopic,

H

HAIJ":
xvi. 7.

manly appearance.

Sam.

the

mark

of the genitive case

the relative pronoun

th^y have in Version of the Bible,

who Amharic p ::
;

of, and of for both of which

In the Amharic

|4/\i5_: V. a. to reproach, reprove, find fault tdth, to reprehend, to rebuke, to censure, to expostulate.

it

appears as the genitive

Gen.

xxi. 25.

1

Chr. xvi. 21.

in the titles of the Books of the O. T., and, in

THA^:
&c.

pass, to be reproved, reprehended,

the revised edition, in the titles of the Four

Gospels;

e.g.

WQm.'V"
'iji,j

HO^Irfpfl::
Bl.

THAd.^
HA4.:
s.

intens.

Job

iv. 3.

*mJA:
*'Hll'«J.:

s. s.

a

cold, catarrh,

rheum.

reproach, censure, reproof.

2 Tim.

Ar.

the planet Venus.
cloth in weavery.

Lud.

iii.

16.

H^ITl:

s.

the

warp of

H'fhA:

Ar.

^j Satumus (planet).
H "OO)
::

Lud.

"Hin:: HIFI:
elephant.
" ivory."

P—

or
:

HU"5:

s.

Dank.

DAiuciiM.

H«^
to

:

V. n.

Eth.

Ar.

^j

Heb.

™t

TCi*l= "elephants tooth,"
to languish.

be unchaste, lexvd,profligate,"to be a forni-

cator,

*MA

:

V. n.
s.

Ar- (Jh

Jonah
Bl.

iv. 8.

tvW^- act.
I

*HA:

the garbles of grain.

a whoremonger. to commit fornication, to fornicate. Cor. vii. 4 ix-^'UV^: and J^jPUgn:
:

HA:

s.

muscle.
V. a. (1)

Bl.
to

HA A:
xviii.

jump,

to leap, to skip.

Ps.

29:

"l^^^l:
(2) to
io

"^iHAAU-: "I leap
jest.

improper translation of ovk i^ovai&^ei, "hath no authority." H'"? : s. ivhore,fornicator, male or female. Jos,
vi. 17.

over a wall."

mock, joke,
to skip,

'I'HAA:
i.

jump,

to

leap.

Luke

H^OTf:

the.

singing, chanting, song, esp. the pre-

44.

scribed gestures of the
Eth.

body accompanying

HAA9°:
iii.

HA^AT^::
"into eternity.^

eternity, eternal.
"forever."'''

AHAAIP*:
22.

Gen.

Jer. XXV. 5:

VlKAAy": ^flTn
to eter2.


2

l.Cor. xiv. 7. the singing; tone, &c. " to sing," " to chant," " to play music." pa.'Tl :
:

Ctl^P'Tl.: "a. singer," "chanter," "musi-

HAA9^: K^d.ti- "from eternity Dan. xii. nity," "from age to age."
HAA9°F: II AA: s- a
KA'P:
2
s.

cian,"

2

Kings
iii. 16.

iii.

15.

HA:

:

idem.

Kings

eternity, eternal duration.

cluster

V. n. to

of grapes. Gen. xl. 10. stand upright. 1 Chr. xv. 29.

"H 9" : particle of silence, and trop. of unprofitableness. Is constructed with ?iA: to a
neutral,

and with YktVY- to an active and

Kings

vi. 26.

transitive verb.

"H?": ?iA:

to

be

silent,

HA*:

?»A: idem.
xli.

HAT: JiAA:
HA*:

"he stands

quiet, inactive, unprofitable, useless; e.g.

Gen.

upright."

xxiv. 21:

y^CXrU^: "H?^:
"and he was
'Hl^'Utlf:
!!«?»:

-flA":

jiooA

HA*P:: Job
s.

'V^Q-

an habergeon,

Yl'^t':

YiC,'-

silently (quietly)

breastplate.

looking at."
fitable

'klC.:

"an unpro:

HAH^: a buckle, latch. HATO'^T: sc. Jv^"^:
Vid.

word or thing." "H?"

OA

"

hush

1"

Book of

Leviticus.

"peace!"
silent," rt"?": to

H

::

"shall not keep silence."

?»JiA9": "he is not "HVO: J^^
Isa. xxiv. 20.
to sing, to chant.

HAH A:

V. act. to cut

meat in small
:

stripes,

in

calm, to silence, to quiet, pacify.

order to make jj^l'^l

of it

Vid.

^"1"! ::

Honoo:
Koro^:

Eth. "perculsus fuit."

•THAKA:
HA"i: ?«A:
bodied, of

pass, (of the

meat)

to be cut into

V. a.

small stripes.
to

Heb. I^T Ar. j^j

be high in stature,
1

tail,

able-

J\HonD^:

intens. to sing, esp. in public.
'ijl^ song,

manly appearance.

Sam.

ix. 2.

"H^d^:

s.

Heb. rnpT Ar. X 2

hymn.

!

HoocST'-'-'HO
ff

(

156

)

H4:

-HO
in

j-'^

HirD£;^:
xxv-iii. 19.

Ar.
-

j^

and

,)^-

emerald.

Job

Beings are

eighty-eight

number, and
forty-four
Cliief, called

divided into two equal parties;

Hoo«»'7_g': and

vmn^^:
s.

i.q.Ho^CS^:'.
j/naf.

"H?"-!!: and 'Hl'fl:

a/y,
to

HOO't": non

occ.
V. a. to war,

^H^^T:
fight.

carry on war, to

of them being united under one Warrar (ffl^CO; and the other forty-four under another Chief, whose name is Mama (o^mi:). In Shoa, these Zars are worshipped, we were told, by all those who are in the habit of smoking tobacco, except

•f{oro»'f

:

s.

whoredom, fornication,

prostitution,

profligacy, lewdness,

"Htpa-f-;

s. silence, g.

taciturnity, calm, quietness.

1^90^:
buttle.

uaT, tvarlike expedition, conflict;
xxxi. 14.

and we persuaded ourselves that that very custom is, by those Shoa people who follow it, observed in honour of those imaginary Beings. After having witnessed an
foreigners
;

Num.
s.

extraordinary instance of Zarolatry in our
Ar. ^^U;

H""-}:

Tigr.

Hfll::

Heb. pDj

own

house, where

we saw an

otherwise in-

time, space or length of time, period, season, age (of the world), epoch, pi. Eth. J^'HwqT:

and J^Tiagr^: Job HOD(D: Edi. i.g.HO^::
IIOii^:
V. n. to

xxiv.

1.

and respectable woman alternately smoking and praying to the Zars with great vehemence until she was mad, and then killing a hen, whose brain she ate and became
telligent

HDij<|j: adj. unchaste, lewd, debauched, whorish.
be related, kin, cognate.
'

quiet again

;

—after

this, I say,

into several instances where

we inquired we met with
all

•f-Hau^z idem.

Ruth

smokers, and found that they
shipp<n-s of the Zars.

were wor-

ii. 1.

H tJXSj^
tion,

:

s.

relationship, aflinity, kindred; a relarelative, oflianced.

In the state of phrensy,

kinsman, kinswoman,
s.

into which they

work themselves by vehe-

H9D^:
species.

relationship, affinity, family, genus,

ment smoking,

praying, and shaking of the

head, their language alters, so as to call every

Hgo^f":

s.

idem.

Jer. xxxii. 7.
:

thing by names which are

known only

to

H^
to

:

V. a.

Eth.

HCO

Tigr.

H C^"

Heb. n.t

Zar-worshippers.

A

remarkable proof of

sow seed. M.UTill&/V"Gen. viii. 22. seed.

the sowing, the

the deadness of Abyssinian Christianity, not being able to overcome Paganism so gross and degrading

"THd^: TxHi^'
f-{£:
s.

pass, to be sown.

caus. to cause or order sowing.
sozver,

H4:
Heb.

V. n. Eth.

H^C"
make go

Ar.Jlj

to

go round,

to

a

seedsman.

turn, to revolve.

nC.:'
J^nt

HCO:
Ar.

and

HC"^"

Eth.

HCO"
Gea.

?iH4

:

*rs. to

round, to turn, to wind

cjj seed.

Ps, xxii.30.
iv. 14.

\id„: adv. to-day, now, at present.
xiv. 3.

Wa.:
iv. 14.

Ar.

x^j

fragments of sweet flag. Cant.

HQ:

s. Isa.

xxxiv. 14.

zar,

name

of a sort of

H-4'V

:

s.

the turning, going round,

a round,

cir-

demons or genii, to whose influence the people of Shoa and the Gallas ascribe many changes in man's bodily constitution and
general welfare
;

cumvention,
iii.ll.

trop. the loitering about.

2 Thess.

H-CJP:
virons
;

s.

surrounding place or country; en-

such

as.

health and disease,

a round-about way

pregnancy, birth, death, change of weather, undersuccess or disappointment in several
takin<'s,

Gen.

xiii. 10.

P^^All

:

;

a turn ; a circle. : "the tropical

circle,''''

" a tropic."

Geogr.

&c.

They believe that these invisible

H43:

v.a. Tigr.KC"i«tb:: to spread, extend.

:

hHO:--Hnj?:
distend.

(

157

)

'H-flRS^:

'

.

.

m^Q-plate.
Isa,

inttm'H^^-'l': "the spreading," "extension," Gen. iii. 22: A^l: X.HC.
I

"HTSJ^JivS. a small earthen dish or
Ixv. 4.

PA

"

OWH jf^^'I'

he will spread his h^nd." PffllT. "the propagation (extension,
:

A

'HT'I':

s.

black

and

coarse woollen cloth.

Shoa.

al. tnjJ5»::

promulgation) of the Gospel."

Y%W£,'3- ^^*t'H<!iI)
'•

'"

came spreading, extension, &c.
refl. to

Hl*A4»^: H,f Eth,
:

Eth,
s,

h'&l".—: "Book
messenger.

oi Numbers:'

(1)

(2) message.

pass, to be spread, &c.

spread,

history.

(4) report.

(5) <oZe, sfory.

(3)
:

era

extend oneself.

TO A:
Job
iii.

" Aisiory of days."

Ethiopia

title of

tm^O-time
'HC.'^Q.iii. 3.

"'em.

13:

^UT:

T,H.:
"this

the "Books of Chronicles,"
Eth, "nunciavit,"

Rad. HJE,!®:

TH<;."I=l::
I

-HT": -flK: ISnCW-:
1

should have lain quietly extended."

Hi"": and Hlli:
with
its

the soft l|: interchanging

s. ornament for the neck. Judges viii. 21.

Peter

cognate
trs, to

on:

v,

impers,

to rain.

f^H^oo:
1

cause raining.

Gen,

xix, 24.

Hd.&,-

V. a. to pillage,

to plunder.

Chron.

"H {"•?":

s.

rain.
.Ij;

xiv. 14.

"HfC,:

s.

Ar.

girdle, belt.

Isa.

iii.

24.

Acts

2\H*^<5.: cans, to cause or orcfer plundering.
"THt^iS,: pass, /o be plundered, pillaged.

xxi, 11,

mn-.i.q.H'koo::
?\H!in
"Hr-fl:
Ex.
to cause raining.

Hi^*?.:

s.

<Ae jtillaging, plundering, sacking, robspoil.

Gen.

ii.

5.

bing ; booty, prey,

Isa. xxxiii. 23.

s. i.5.

l^rgo::
s.Tigr. R-'SR.^:: a fly,
21.

HCj^'
XX viii.

s.

border,

seam;

esp. fringes.

Hl-n:
gnat.

and
Ex.

Tign^:
viii.

32.

"H^:

part'of lowness.

oneself down.

— J\A: bow — -"h^^'. bow another,
:

io stoop,

HltnA:
posed

v.n. to be inclined, to incline, to be disto.

to

to

Gen.
14.

vi. 5.

Luke

xxiv. 29.

bend, to

make

stoop, to depress.

Gen.

xlix. 1 5.

?iH%nA:

trs. to

incline, to bend, dispose to.

H^'fl: Ar.
•H«S>^:
s.

^^

"lanugo,"
Lev.

soft

and tender
ground or

Gen. xxiv.

hair on the skin.
lou-ness,

xiii. 30.

mfl.A:
vi. 3.

Ar,

s,

JjuJ; a basket.
pi.
i>ij;

Gen.

xl. 16.

stooping;
39.

loio

country.

Rom.

viii.

Ezek.

"HfJ^: Ar.jjj

properly,

fire-wood,

HP:

s.

cloth

interwoven with gold or silver

threads.

Q)C,^'-

:

'"cloth
4.

interwoven with

from which, by attrition with its fellow, fire is elicited; commonly, steel for striking fire ;
firelock.

gold thread.'"

Ex. xxv.
al.

2

Sam.

i.

24.

H'fi^.:

s.

zebra,
^'''

FCP:

filij?: " wild ass."

Wi^'

particle of relation

HnCTLiK'^
gem.
Hn."!!
:

^Jj

chrysolite

or topaz,

a

particle, used (1) as a with nouns and pronouns, sienifving, in connexion with a oreceding
:

post-positive

Ex.
s-

xxviii. 17.
raisins.

preposition, Yl

or

O:

Ar. (...ojj Germ, "zibeben,"

hil«h.O
God,"

Hl^:

with, by ; e.g. n'hili "MJ/A God." Johni.1:

Num.

vi. 3.

better thanVl":?k^H.^v11fh.C

Hl^: "from
2.

H

flT:
:

V. a. fo deride,
s.
:

laugh

at.

Lud.

Hfl^

derision.
V. a. <o trouble,

Gen, xxiv. 60, Lev, x. HIJf : " by or near the house."
(2) as

00.^:
that,

H nHfS
HI1.JP:

annoy,
I

to vex.
5.

a conjunction,
<o,

thai, to, in

order

s.

a

staff,

a

pole.

Chron. xx.

in order

&c.; e.g.

^oan\z Hl^:
Ps. Ixxiv. 14.

"UmI
Rev.

H n-J^: Ar. d^j pi. of joj butter? Num. xxi. 28. civet, and ciuei-cat, a native Hl^t Ar.
s.

he
XX.

may
s.

come."

Hl^:

venomous serpent.

lib;

2.

esp.

ofNarca.

al.

"y^^::

Fn^g-^:

adv. this present year.

:

HlS<::.

.Hln<^:

(

158

)

THln <;:... m?":!':
pass, to be remembered,

*H\!^i-

to fetter, to chain.

THVi<^:
chained.

borne in

TH'i^i^2 Sam. iii.

pass,

to

be

fMcred or

mind.

34.

2\Hln<^:

trs. to

make remember,
Ar.

to

remind.

THnS'C- (0

ii'Pr. Zin'djkko,

name
it

of a king-

dom

to the south of Abyssinia,

whose inhamonkey, ape,

TllnC:

s-

Heb.

"iSt

yj

recollection,

rememEx,
a va-

bitants are Pagans, but not,
destitute of civilization.

seems, wholely
s.

brance,
xii. 14.

memory, memorial, monument.
one who goes round; a
loiterer,

P — ifflTnC: a certain species of wood. P — :(I>'3 " monkey's water," name of a
:

(2)

HT^:

s.

gabond.

Rad.yt^z:
V. n. to continue. v. a. to continue, to

river in Shoa-Meda.
c

HWVd.:

'H^K'nC:
ginger, is

a°d

"Hlg^A:

s.

Ar.

JW;

7\H(D'V^'
constantly.

Rad. {i)-"rC:: do any tiling
1

Col. iv.

2.

Kings

xxi. 15.

a product of the southern and

HCD'Jf

:

s.

a garland,

coronet,

crown.

Ex.

western countries of Abyssinia. Hi^rv.n. Eth. HT'IO: to stammer; to talk foolishly; to faint, to become confused; to forget; to loose one's senses, to become mad.

xxviii. 37.

HOQ.i.'i:
"HE.:
s.
:

s.

saffron.

Cant.

iv. 14.

a duck.
s.

Mark iii. 21. 2\Hl3 and J^H^^:
:

H^'V
18.

Heb.

JT^T
2.

Ar. e>J;
Al.

oil.

Gen.

xxviii.

Ex. xxix.
:

trs. to

make foolish,
jnarfcfen,
1

to confound,

make stammer, make confused,
Ephes.

^-n^i: ^^fl::
Isa. xvii. 6.
xi.

to to

H Ji-?" '5

s.

Ar.
s.

^^j

fj^g olive-tree. oil.

&c.
xi. 3.

Actsxxvi. 24.

iv. 14.

H^^'i't":

nature of

Rom.

24.

Kings
'

•pHi^
H*}"!:
s.

pass, to be treated as afool, to be played

"H^^: Ar. ^Vy glass. H^: V. a. Eth. H"ldi:
close.

Job
to

xxviii. 17.
to

shut up, lock vp,

with, to be

an

object of mockery, &cc.

Gal. vi.

7.

(2) to weave, i.e.

to throw the
vii. 16.
;

shuttle's

slick, staff.

thread into the warp. Gen.
adj.
i. 1.

Isa. lix. 5.

•KTh:

Eth.

"WYt'OPs.

wicked, foolish, a

TH^:
HT:
V. n.

pass, to be shut, locked
to
rust,
to

to be woven. to

mocker, scomer.

become rusty,

corrode.

TITh-C}l\1^^:

^^i-

^^^1^'^''^'^'

variegated, consisting
24.

James ?\H7:

v. 3. act. to

of various colours.
to

Gen. xxx\di.

make

rusty, to corrode.
al.

be

chequered,

variegated, preseiii

TvH^:
4*7:
s.

Shoa.

to yaivn.
""

?\A'I'«J'::

different colours.

rust, corrosion.
to trot.

larger IViliC.- s. an earthen jar for fluids, and smaller than a gan. than a gombo,

HI:
'•'

KTI: J^A:
s.

HI: H^: "^A^:

the trotting."

m^A:
Zech.
vi. 3.
^-

a

sea-shell.

Ht-it:
chequered, variegated, or
Jer. xiii. 23.

"\ti.: to soothsay.
to
6.

Lev. xx.

C.

Hnh"A:
soothsay.

lWl''CV'CVt''spotted colour.

2\fl"TiA:

cause 2

or order to

2 Chr, xxxiii.

Kings

xxi. 6.

HT-A:

j|-5»jp:

s.

a sort of Turkish corn, of red colour,
size.

"1^: a
H'jauz

soothsayer.

and small in

Vid.

Pq fi A

:

v. u. to be slow, soft, cautious.
:

"Hl"^^:
xii. 13.

s.

a branch, ticig, bough, sprig.
the warp, woof, weft.

Jolm

^Hl*""
esp. to

V. a. to

do slowly,
2

softly, cautiously,
ii. 1 1.

walk slowly.

Kings

H¥i

:

and H^l :
:

Isa. xix, 9.

lix. 5

Ptid.&'l'")5t

-

"cobweb."
to

HT9«: ?»A: i-q- H*lo«n H^9": hR£.l:iq. ^tHTW::
Hliyn-j-:
ration.
g.

KYl<i: v-a. Heb.
collect,

Ar.jfJ

remember, re-

prudence, caution, slowness; mode3.

bear in mind.

Acts xxvi.

:

m«5,:...Ha.H4.:
"Hli.: and 3^;^i.:
s.

(

159

)

•HO.'H^: ^^^'

gulnca-foxvl.

*H"n:
xiv. 8.

2 Chr.

i.

15. for cedar.

See also

Isa.

•HQ.'HQ,: ?»A: Iq. H«5.H<5.: H^T«^'"l": Eth, of the Creation.
"

t*6^:—:
'"

xliv. 4.

Book

of Genesis,"

"Hit"-

5- rust,

corrosion.
a. to

James v. 3. Prov.xxv,4.
fill

\\&.&,'' v. n, to be thick, clumsy, unwieldy.

Hli:

Eth. V.

take a handful,

ones hand.

H <!.<$.
wieldy.

^^J*

^'*"^^»

voluminous, corpulent, un-

1\"l1t' s. one handful, as much in the hollow of one hand, not to be con-

as one can hold

founded with t\Qj\:

q.v.

TT:
Tf: TT^: the Amharic
like the
zshai',

HTP:

V. a. io tarry, delay, to linger, to he slow,

the twenty-second letter of

to defer.

Gen. xxxii.
act. to

4.

alphabet, is pronounced exactly

?kH7P:
Hj!}^: Eth,
set

make

tarry or linger, to de-

French y.

According to the rules

of

tain, to retard.

H3KP-to
1 C.

^'^

prepare,

make ready,
\'iii.

permutation of consonants in the Amharic language, this letter originates from a junce.g.

in

order,

arrange.

Nehem.

10.

Job

xxvii.

txHpP: 1'H3£:
pare

idem, and caus.

to

make prepare,

&c.;

/ and the consonant H: ?\Tf£«PAll": "I support him," for ?k TfULTAlh: from ?xlH:: 13^: "ruler,"
ture of the vowel

to appoint.

Gen. xxiv.

14.
to

forTH.: fromTH::
it is

In

common
:

language,

pass.

&

refl.

be prepared, pre-

often confounded with ^::

Very few

oneself.

G«n.

xli.

32.

m-^:

s.

a sort oi flute.

Tig. ^i^::

WK\^:nu.m. ninety. HfDf?': ihe ninetieth.

Its cipher is

21 •

HmYP: and HttlTlT:: the ninth. Hfll^ : num. nine. Gen. v. 4. Its cipher
HR.: s. Ar. iwJ^^l
ebony.
1

is

all
17.

Chr.

ii.

8.

Cant
i-q-

i.

•Hq,: ?iA: and "HO.: "HQ,: ?iA:

Kd,

HA."
HQ,:

words commence with this letter indeed, I know but one word which does not allow any „^ other initial, and that is the following, « 1i"i : zsHAN, title of address to the king Sire J •HTT: W^: "O king.'" This is the %vord which gave rise to the supposition tliat the renowned king, Priest John, afterwards known to have been one of the Khans of Tartary, had his seat in Abyssinia,
:

to ferment.

s. tree.

T-ng^'l!
produce

=

s-

eunuch. Better

^"^g^q

:

Hg^^z

V. /o sprout, to shoot forth, to

J!^"ld.: better

"Hl^:

guinea-fowl.

knots (of plants), to thrive.

p.
to thrive.

Y\W&,<^-

trs.to

make shootforth, cause
Heb. HDJ
pitch.

P:
u>j;

poDT:
tlie

or

po^l:

yamXn or yaman,

the

"H^^' M&S-

s- -Ar.

twenty-third letter of the Amharic alphabet.

"^'-

^-

^

dunce, to play,

make

music.
to

Being
is

softest of the liquid consonants,

it

i\H&^'

trs. to

make

dance, cause

play.
27.
xi. 5.

more than any other, excepting
being absorbed.

J^:, liable

W&^'
14-4.1:

s. s.

dance, music, play.
throne, chair.

Gen. xxxi.
xli.

to

Gen.

40,

Ex.

P: before nouns and pronouns
tense, the relative

signifies the

WA^:

a dancer, jumper, player, musician. Ex. xxxii. 19. Dan. iii. 5. 2 Sam. xix. 35.
s.

genitive case: before verbs in the preterite

\\&,H&.-

^'-n. (1) to

ferment.

(2) <o 6e f^eci-,

massive, unformed, clumsy, umvieldy.

^'jKa.HiQ.- ""3, to produce fermeniation, Mark i. 26. frothing, and foaming.

H^t-|^:

adj.

&

s.

fAicA",

Tnasstiie,

clumsy, un-

pronoun who, which, that, Pffll^g""^: O.'t': "my brothers house." Pt: (for P'M.:) an^^^z "my book." «iA901: 9&.md.-- PX^RA-fl dhC,' ^£tz "the Word of God, ivhich created the world." Prepositions have the power of
what;
e.g.

ivieldy ; fermenting.

absorbing it;

e.g.

n^^^tiiQ.- 0"S"«CJt*=

:

: :

JPtJA:
instead of

(

IGO

)

Jil^S'.••

P9":
(2)

npo^R-^f^q^: &c. "in the commencement of the book." (Wlien still in
retained, it is distributive

^Ihji^:

n. pr.

(1)

Judca.

Juda.

such genitive cases vrith prepositions the P:

from 1?»P: e.g. npoujtti^^: oo3iio«£;jp: in the comis

ytk- comp. of P: who, uhich, and who is, or that ivh ich is. n IL't
" the

7\t\JP

«/
ll

he

:

A

:

Oh

man
xli.

f/(af is

in

my house."
y/\l: "without me,"
Jf

mencement of each

"XT^K: as he vo-ought or made

respective book.) "Jm^i"!': t\&.€0". instead of Prt^^-CD-: "like
it."

,PA:
ou/

prep, without,

e.g.

Gen.

16: " without me."

A1C

:

"

'*-"'"''^-

country,"
" in

"homeless."

J?A(D''P''r:

pi. JE: preformative of the 3d pers. m. sing. com. in the present tense in verbs ; e.rj. JEOTi
,

&

"without

knowledge,"

" ignorantly,"

"un-

knowingly,"

ignorance," &c.

«1 A: "he comes."

^fh^^A-:
tlie

"

they go."

Any pre6x

causes the elision of this conso-

,PAA"n: JPA AVI
:

without heart, henrikss, heartlessly.
without
measure,

nant retaining only

vowel

'i

; e.g.

ti,At,

surable, immoderate,

immense, immeaand adv. immensely, im-

^:
N

"going," " while

tliey go," for

ftj£(h,£,::

measurably, immoderately.

Deut.

xvii. 17.

po^oij^: "they that og^:: n.S'A^: "if it
for-fl^^PA^:
P: or
that.

learn," for
is

P»?»J^

.PAAS":

childless,

without child.
i? not,

Luke
s.

xx. 28.

possible to me,"

PA 9^:
none.
sing,

V.

neg. defect,

and

nothing,

Is

extant only in the third person
pi.

_y: (1) contraction of

J[J:

(see tlie prece-

and

of the past tense, with the sig-

ding) with tvv.
,

(2)

pron. demonstr. of the
Its declension is as
f.

nification of the present

>iC;riT: PA-T"

remote;

ieva.

^"^i

9B: "she
it signifies,

is

not."

TiT'lYltZ'T-:

PtfU^:

follows: sing. n.

m. PH.JP^'^: f- <3^51: m. ^"^'i-A.
g.

g. PH.^: ^: m. ^^: AHjP: m- AK^^^: a.
f-

"there are no boys."

With pronouns infixed,

has not; e-g.-tlC,:
J'iTk'T"
"
?
:

pi.

"fxtWlSace.
:

^^^ose, they,

Iiave

no money."
reason."

PA^T": "I C P A CD' 9" " he
:

PAH.y:

d,

AAH.F:

>.AH.^'i::

Ag5

710

ouR-rf^^: PA^li-'jn'i:
care,

or pi. contracted 1?i
;

A J?

those, they, g.

P A jP

" have

you got no book

d.

AA^: a. "KA^T::
yp*:
2.
litt. "

^A*^"!!: without thought or
D-ut.
xxiii.

thoughtless,

jpjyo;
i.e.

that one and that one,"

careless, thoughtlessly, carelessly.

" both," "

one with another."

^A^:

18.

Ps.xii.

PH.yi:
Vid. also

'IH.:

"at

that

with a preceding Yl : greater than, more than, used in comparison. YlJ.:

^A

time," "then."

VHiJ?::

njiy-

^i.(ir,Rf^: Ji"^<5.A: "my
learns more
//ia?i I
:

brother

do."

Gen.

iii.

I.

Without

^O:

''

m. Jitl^: and ^^: f. dem. prom, of what is near this. Declension, sing. m. 3£.\3- f- i!.V'^'- and .E^:: <to; jen. m. p H.U': f PH.tJ^" and PK,^:: d. m. AH. U:f. AHiJ^: and AH.^-:: ace. m. J^y Yi: and ^tlT: f. ^tl^l: and ^^1: pi. n.'X AH.il (ViH.«0 and "i^Atl: these; g. PAK«: (PIH.110 and PA.«:: d. HO: (tiinSJ ) and AA.tI:: ace. "JsAHLWi:
:

the preceding Yl
xiv. 3: (D.^:

it signifies

rather ;

Num.

tja^(^. ^£^^- -fllonoAfl:
especially ;

" If

we

ralher returned to Egypt."

iTim.iv. 10:
all

rtaj.-?:

\i-tr'\:

pinij;«^
saves
c. v. 8.

T:^A1?'i7n: pa™lJP9«'fT: "who
men,
especially those that believe."
q-v.

:

Rad. A"!*:

AA

yAfl>''i'^: vnlhout knmdedge. PA^fl: n. pr. 'EMay, g. -aSo^,
Morea.

Greece, the

'

(>»iH.tn:)and>,A.lJl::
-with prepositions it

In combination

Acts xx.

2.

'

forms adverbs, which see

in

"KlS-tl" 7>^KH.ii-- VlHO:: a)g.«" a)£.«:: a>KH.«:: flARU::
to,

nnU"

JPAS"" without hand. Dan. \iii. 25. P9°: (P0^4.: P"^:) prefix to the
participle of the present tense; e.g.

relative

poi^Q)

PU<ft: adv. equal to, near

about, vid. 2\Yl A::-

^

:

"he

that loves," " loving."

pijonroff)

:: :

yaU'Q:

...

P^:
doest."

(

161

)

PlTA:..
p.jr.

.KUr:

"coming," "I who come."

PW-y'^C.l:
P9"nt"1
sort

"doing"
jptro-t;:

"thou

who

interrogation; " how ?" g,'"l' :

" where?" (D5;^'>: " whence ?" VJ P'"l" :
pi.

>,T
from

"wanting,"

"we tliat want." Ar.jpj or _^^' Heb.-|%ri;; a
s.

P^A:
E.i:^:

where is?

P;^A•:
Gen.

u'here are?

P'V: and
i-q-

?iA"
i.e.

xix. 5.

of goat or gazelle.

^^.l,:^: q-v.

P7"ni.¥:

Eth. fiftt;.^::

Heb.

rn'iir'n

P'i'Y,' Ionian,

Ancient Greek (language).

p-r*^: idem.
P-5^JP
:

pi.

P"fG^.P^:

Dan.

viii.21.

Ar. .yij good newn.
pqo't'fi'"!': deprived of

Ionia, the Ionian Islands.

Geogr.

any person by death.

?kn'H: -r^ "fatherless orphan."
" a widow."

lA:
is

PiTU'l': the eth month of the Abyssmians, beginning the 7th or 8th of February.

Deut. xiv. 29.
to the

poTJT:

Eth. right hand, that which
side.

right-hand

Ps. ex.

5.

Amh.

«I>^::

P*P1J: adj. simple, upright, sincere, unsuspecting. Gen. XX. 5. pa>.'4^: and Pa>'U't*: s. simplicity, integrity,
meekness.

P<.»^/t9«:

n. pr.

Eth.

Ti^P^^t^fo-.: Heb.

D vI^I'Tj
PC.n^'
Pf^p«J.: elbow.
killed
s.

PTiir: and PTUVt":
Ar. fhA^j^ Jerusalem.
bracelet.

i-q-

P(Ti'^^"
/.

POy-Tl
Perhaps?.^,
v. 18.

:

Gr. lUTa, the Greek letter

Matt
to
1
:

2Sam. i.

10.

the following.
s.

^H
of ivory worn above the

:

v.a. Eth.

K'^H

:

Heb.

tHN

Ar. J^f
viii. 1

a

bracelet

seize, lay

hold on, to fake.

Gen.

In Shoa, soldiers

who

in

war have

to a

yarbora; those

one Galla (or other enemy) are entitled who have killed three
;

«!»fnA:
y\^'-

^H: "holding a leaf." xxi v. 10: ^H: "taking luggage." Isa.xli. 21:

receive the tnjAJK. JPten, the
a,

those

who have killed

I\^T:

respecting wliich see p. 19.

?i'5^¥: "h'i^A^'U-: .eH^lh: i: "if you have got any thing, bring it forward." ?\_PH trs. to make lay hold on, induce, cause,
:

and

90. b.
•/psiw.
iJi-'ij

ov order to take, to
Cant.
iii. 7.

seize,

&c.

Ex. xxxvi.

17.

Pfhfl:

Ptl'fl- Ar.

Heh.TlZ^'^

jasj^er (a

gem).
Ezek.

Ex. xxviii.
xxviii. 13.

18.

improperly for Acts
be

b7n\

"VyVl : pass, to be seized, taken, laid hold on. ?\fSjPH: caus. i.q. ?i_PH:: to cause taking,
seizing
;

hence, to give over, to deliver,

to

pilA3*:

'•?

hA3*=
let

xxi. 31.
s.

betray.
it

Matt.

x. 4.

p^T:
?iA
:

subjunct.

3d pers. m.
it

mai/

be re-

mitted, omitted,

" to forgive."

left, let it
:

cense.

"Vy^H
tured,

pass, intens. to be taken, seized^ cap.

made prisoner.
s.

Isa.
:

li.

20.

"f-n

A

:

"to be for-

PQ/9^:

pafO"!^^:
are
tied,

pillar to which

given or pardoned," "to receive pardon." : H^: "forgiving," "par1 Cor. vii. 25.

criminals

in

order to undergo

Acts

xxii. 23.

doning," "one

who

pardons."

Heb.

ii.

17.

peff"^:
grace.

s.

forgiveness,

forgiving,

pardoning

R-

Isa. Ix. 10.

P'RT:
1

Ar.

\zjS^.) 2.

jasper (gem).
iv. 7.

Ex. xx^dii.

17.

R-^'i^: Dant, the twenty-fourth the Amharic Alphabet.
K*l:
V. n. to
s.

letter of

Chr. xix.
s.

Lament,

crawl or glide on ones knees.

a goose. Deut. xiv. 12. V'f\i,: adv. ivho? p-"|-: interrog. pron.

K*i<5.:
u-hich ?

gunpowder.

Shoa.

&

J^Ur*

adj. well, safe, secure, sound, healthy, sa-

what? ivhere?

It attaches itself to

some

lubrious, happy.

riKlIf :

in

health, safety,

prepositions, in order

to

form adverbs of

happiness, well-being.

Is the standing word

:

:

^Ui-l-i.-K?":
in salutation;
well?'e.(j.

(

1G2

)

^oij:
be beautiful "

,

.

.

gODf
corporeal
beauty),

JP.tJr: \{}'V: "art

thou

" to

(of

J^UrA-T:

for

J^Uf: ?»A

'}: "art-

"handsome."
"beautiful,"

you

(2 p. sing.) 7«7/?"

n^Ur:

"may He
night !"

(God) cause yoa

Jt''1j^<^(p: to rest well tliis

5^9^: "Ifh: "graceful." ^9":
tool, i.q.

"handsome,"

^^r

:

" bodily beauty," " Jjandsomcncss."

Ktlf:

I^O*': " a

good (respectable,

J^aij:

s.

Shoa. digging

oo4>.<5^f;jP::

wealthy, or morally good) man."

j^a^:
stale,

s.

a

lai'ge

tree,

the

wood
of

of which is

JE^yi'V: better ^'il'l-: fuvcrty. KOIi'V: s. (jood quuVdij, good
soundness, saluhrily,
happiness,
secur'itij,

good for furniture.
health,

K"9A£':
Isa.
iii.

Ar. ^U<3

pi.

safety,
7.

welfare,

J^o J^^

bracelet

A9^:
J^A
:

ivell-being.
:

Ex. xviii.

PHA
put up.

19.
q.v.

"eternal happiness."
to place, put, to
set,

V. a.

Shoa.

goo

y y^
1*5 1*1
:

Eth.

V. a.

Ar. lj~uJo

to destroy, ruin,

al.

?kr«C::
:

^A

T^A
:

obliterate, to blot out.

Heb.

x. 4.

pass, to be put up, set up, to be placed.
stick

•t"^OD 1*11*1:

pass, to be destroyed, obliterated,

s.

a long
J^)

or

staff.

ruined, blotted old.
Isa. xl. 15.

XA:

Ar.
s.

a jar, pitcher.

^yiTlrt,:
to

s.

destruction, ruin, the blotting out,

RA-

victory, conquest.
to
.


to

:

\^l:

be

obliteration.

P—

:

COf'Ji:

i.q.
i.e.

P'V4fV"

victorious,

overcome, to

obtain a victory. be overcome or
:

0)^3
Gen.
Jt^aD«J>

:

" water of destruction,'"
1.
:

deluge "

Ex.xvii. 11.
conquered,

:

'fi'-'J:

X.

to lose

a

battle.


to

KfjlW:

to

jg^tTDi*! f[
:

s.

destroyer.
"

give victory,

make

victorious.

Eth.

contudit," " contrivit, " conquasto

*£AA:
K<^'n=

i-q-

^A:

?»A:

despise,

neglect.

savit."

Amh.

be well-built, ordered,
4.

and

Jer. iv. 30.
Isa. xli. 19.

arranged, Ps. cvii.

p^tnjcjj'.Y-:

KIQ:
fi<;.:

and ^A'tl- Ezek.

xxxi. S.

"a
"

regularly-built,"
vi. 4.

"an

inhabited town."

Cant.

Ex. xxvi. 31.
"

p^ao«|>:

Ar. i_Jt) plane-tree.

work well arranged,"
V.

cunning work."
:

^A^:
^A%-

s.

a grey ox or cow.
Eth. Aquarius (constellation)..

Judges

31

:

0/hJi

:

O (D"^>f-

T.R: >»'5

s.
:

^•VK9°^':
i.

TtliUJii^-

KAKA

V. a. to smooth, plain, to level.

^^AJ^A:
TK'^K'^'
velled,

v. a. to lead, guide.

Deut.
to

33.
le-

sun shines gloriously they be glorious J 2 Sam.

^^o^'ft: "as the when he rises, so may
xxiii. 4.

P^^^' '"

'-'^

yttided, led;
i.

be

^ijfU'fiAA:
J^V^'flC"

s.

coriander.
s.

smoothed.
s.

Mark

3.

Jos.

iii.

17.
gate.

y.'?"n<5.: adj.
^-

&

one-eyed.

al.

UTA"
from
the

K'AJ^'AS.ffS.^P-

abridge; an arch, an arched

confines, frontier, boundary, adja"

V. n. to be blunt, obtuse.

cent country.

Prov.

xxii. 28.

YtS.tVSW*or sharpness.

act. to blunt, to take off the point

J^9^TI«iV

:

adj. adjacent, bordering,

frontier, belonging to a neighbouring people.

,K'7"n.T:
"triumphal
arch.'"'
s.
1

s.

a

little

red house-bird, resem-

Sam. xv.

12.

bling the sparrow in shape.

KAP'ili^'bling-

prey ; according to Abyssinian informants, an animal resem-

a

beast of

J^OO'V: s. Tig. ^•DFO': Dank, dembitoo, a cat. ^f^'fi'- s- o scolopendra, centipede, very frequent in Abyssinia.
" the rainbow"; j^aof: s. cloud. «I>!*IT: : "anarch," "a vault" PL gtnif.V: c/ourf*.

the lion in some respects, in others the
the back of a saddle.

leopard.

^<li^,Jl:

s.

K«?D:s. Heb

On

Ar. pj blood,

^go: IQ:

Gen.

ix. 16.

Ps. xviii. 11.

:;

SP^V:-gODj':
s.

Rd.fi:

(

163

)

ltiRd.fl-

^C^'.

a blood-man,
s.

esp. avenger of blood.

j

warly broken
i.

Num.

XXXV. 24.
wages, salary, rnvard,pay. (comp.

4.

Jonas his door," Gen. xix. 9. ^U"^-. oiJA>,lFTV: ^Rdfl- 0)^:
letter.)

J^tro(j)i-|_:

&c.

"iJ/ay this letter reach &c. !" (form of

lit.

of K'7«: "blood" and ffll-L: "my sweat," " my blood-sweat.") Gen. xxx. 33.
^«7n"ir|--|-

address of a

^g^^rt:

trs. to

make

reach, cause to arrive,

K9""in-: and
J^T^ft":
'''^"*
ear.
s.

Vid. J^gfO;;

to lead, to guide.

voice.
:

Gen.

iii. 8.

J^^ODR
Rd.'
V. a. fo

V.

denom.

io listen,

hearken, to give

R^d.fl' postpos. particle, always preceded by >iflYl: or "isflT: "as far asi" "as long &c.

conf.

Heb. inNri.
Jtioc?,

tw;" "up
sew rags upon old

<o,"

"till,"

"until."

>»flYlH.U:

to quilt ; to

J^4ft:
fl:

"till here,"

"hitherto,"
:

"up

to

this

clothes.

place or time."

'I'Rd.-- pass.
SLd.'- v.a. to

Gen. iii. 19 Ihfllri'^oo/^ K'd.fi- "itntil thou returnest."
s.

marry, give away in marriage, used
16.

R^Cfl't"-

lawful,

legitimate

possession, due

of the parents of the bride, Deut. xxii.
to jest, play.

Gen. xxvi.

8. (to

cohabit?)
to

J^C^T
marry

portion, i.q. «5.'U'" Ps. cxix. 99. Eth. s. composition, essay, tract ; esp. :
historical

"VRd.ff_/,'. s.

'" ^^

married; (of the female)
Zech.

and biographical pieces are
vii. 17.

called

(a husband).

a black

horse.

vi. 2.

RCfl."^'- Prov.

Ar. ^^jus^Ij

&

^^Jjmj]^

^f^:
RC,:

s.(Gond.) a f/(i(.'M,/ores<; (Shoa) the open
uninhabited country, uncultivated ground.
shore,

cinnamon.

field,
s.

bank of a river; coasi of the sea

Ri.iXX' ^^1^: s.

Ex. xxx. 23. idem.
one

who

arrives,

has arrived, afresh

frontier of a country; extremity of

any tiling.

Gen.

xxxviii. 14.

xli. 2.

Ex. xxxvi. 18:
side."

Cf:
s.
s.

2,C- "each

side,"
6;//,

"on cveiy
i.q.

^ R

comer, a guest, a stranger, foreigner. d.'P : V. n. cf. Germ. " trocken," " trocknen."
to be

or become dry,

to dry.

R^: & RC: conj. ^^: a neck-chain.
^£^
:

however,
BI.

Y\C.-

"11"•

warj}, in
f/je

weavers' language,
time, time

i.q.

"H ^'fl

i^Rd.^'- act. to dry. Rd,^: and ."^C^^ s- & adj. dry; that which Gen. i. 10. Ex. xiv. 16. Haggai ii. dry.

is

6.

R;Q:
P(^:

s.

oWen

of

old.

R;Q-

H
;

ODT:
s.

idem.

Deut

xxxii. 7.
i(iv\\e.

R^C^'

s.

dryness, drought, aridity.
s.

Hag.

i.

11.

Tig.
/<'>«.

EC^-

Dank.

fowl, poultry

K<?l'l*l"'r'-

idem.
overlay, to cover; io cast over, to line,

esp.
:

pl.^d.C'1-: and^C^f-:: J^CB'^.: "male/ow/," i.e. "cock."
r&)^iJ

K^i^R: V.

a. to

io clothe, to double.

Judges

iv. 19.

Isa.

li.

10.

P*<i9": Ar.
16.

5paxM< drachm.

Num. xviii.

•rK4n:pass.
RC.'tl

s.

woof or weft in cloth

;

cover or (upper)

^f^uO''}: Ar.

^^y<Jli shij).

Isa. xxxiii. 21.

flooring -of a house, esp. a second story of a

Rii.:

s.

Ex. xxx.
"

23.

P—

building, deck of a ship.
:

Gen.

vi. 1 6.

h'l^:

Ar.

RC.n woof or

weft,
cloth, lining

gjiiijT

LLvif

calamus

aromaticus,"

sweet

^CtlRdt"14.

double

of a cloth and of

flag.

other substances.
'V-

Rd.f\-

n. to arrive, to reach, attain.

(DR:

s- <^ltest

of

man or

of animals.

Gen.

iii.

f\ld.' Rd,f^'

"^^^ arrived in his country."

" will come," "^'fL: Y-.''*'"lAli': arriving, I just go, and speedily return." "I will 'i.e.

".o"i-:

s.

wadded, quilted

cloth.

Shoa: "J-fi^:
Gen.

.

arriwrf of the breaking of his door,"

i.e.

had

RC^'-

extremity,

boundary of any thing.

xxiii. 17.

y 2

;

:

J^C19«:
R'C^'P^-J'7

.K^X-'f:

(

l&l

)

S.ti--R1"l''

.K'^T": Lev.xjaii. 25.
Ar. ii^j

KCf:
RC.O:
Jf <.0

Lev. xxi. 20.

name

of a certain

in a very short time, they draw blisters, and thus relieve the patient from his rheumatic
pain.

bodily defect.

Eth.

J^cd: Ar.^Jj
Isa. x. 18.

or

£;^

coa< o/,«ai/,

^rt: and ^rtrt:
irith, to

v. a. to touch,

come
:

in

contact
:

habergeon.
:

handle.

Gen.

xxvii. 12

?iTt
is

fl.^
i.

idem.
^'-

Rev.

ix. 9.

tV^:
other, io

" if

my

father touch me."

2 Peter

9

K^l^^'

a- to

lay in layers
layer.

put layer upon

upon each Gen. xxii. 9.

OCD'C: lor: po^^fj: "he
groping."

blind and

t'K<iK<^: P'^iss. to be laid up in layers. ?iflK<iK«i: caus. to causelayiny up in layers.

T^rt:

pass, to be touched.

.^fl: part, o^ joy.

:

?VA:

to rejoice, to he

Rd.1: non.
fuit."

occ.

Eth. "cohaesit," "conjunctus

gild, cheered, lu have pleasure, to delight.

Ps.

xxxvii. 4
'

:

n>Y"iH.hn(h.C: Rfi- !pnAU:
.tifl:

Tx^d.!

act. to do, to

make,

to

perform, com:

"rejoice {delight thyself) in the Lord."

mit, accomplish, to irorl:

Ex. xxiv. 3

"i^T

?irtT:

V. a. to cheer, to gladden, delight, to

;iA1:
will do."

"all that the

Lord hath

said,

we

make rejoice. ^fl: s. a hut of twigs or brushwood.
42.

Lev. xxxiii.

Tfl^.: ?»KO= "'o mal-e one's hope," " to hoije," " rely on," " trust in."
pass, to be made, done, performed.
caus. to cause, order, induce to do,

J^rn"!: Tigr. ^^rtrt.:
1

i.q.

^f\: Matt.

viii. 3.

"VRd^-

John
s.

i.

I.

Gen. xxvii. 22.

iiti^d^'

T^liri:
£fjj":
xxi.
6.
s.

pass. i.q.

T^rt::
Gen,

perform, &c. Tfl<f.: hope," " to promise."

:

"to make (one)

joy, rejoicing, gladness, delight.

?kJ^<5.<iT: intens. to perform, accomplish.

^rt.-V:

island,

pi.

J^rt^^ :: and ^tvt-'^::
1.

^/^"J:

V. a. fo

appoint a maintenance,

to fix

a

Gen.

X. 5.
s.
:

Isa. xlix.

2 Kings xxv. 30. It is customary with Abyssinian rulers to maintain those that have any claird upon them (their household, their workmen, strangei-s, poor,

regular allowance.

^fi^:
KflTi

Ar. ui^v^i) pan, saucepan, cauldron.
s.

& rejoicing, cheerful. Isa. xxiv. 8. KflYl^: Ar. s^j village. pl.^Lj J^«TlllQ:
adj.

"villages."

Num.

xxxiv.

with appointed allowances, either of prepared food from their own kitchen, or a corresponding quantity of grain and (or) other
&c.),

4, 10.'

^^:

Eth. and Tigr. child, esp. son, boy.
i.e.

J^«I»:

aa-HOO-f;: "son of the psalms,"

"dis-

victuals.

This

is

called

ony^^l::

P-r"):

'I'Pf^T: pass, to have a fixed allowance. s. (1) « regular allowance offood, or un-

ciple,''' " scholar,'^ because the psalms form so promiiient a part iu Abyssinian instruction,

pi.

g«I»:

prince.

prepared victuals appointed by a king or Esther ii. 9. (2) a measure of solids,
q-v.

K.'V- J^C:

mJH[oo.q'-f : ''scholars:" "son of the Daro" (Vvarka), a plant.
illegitimate child, bastard.
ijici

P3»

:

s.

a

sort of large beads.
s.

a quarter of a oro tl,:
JlJ'C'J^t^'
®*

JS;_3»A:
^'*

""^

'^^'^

'"^^

maintenance ap-

K*? A Ar.
:

mast of a

ship.

Geogr.

pointed by the king or prince.

J^^H-rt: v.a. to bruise, to pound, to triturate.

Jf C*"^^31.

^'

^

quail.

Ex. xvi. 13.

Num.

xi.

'V^'¥-'t\: pass, to be bruised, pounded,
turated.

tri-

Ps. cv. 40.
darXts'at,
s.

Kd,H^-

an Abyssinian plant, the leaves of which are used against rheumatism they are laid upon the affected parts, where.

K1>^:
xli.

Ar.

Jj

Heb. ppT

v. n.

to

he

thin,

fine, tender, to fade, to tvither axcny.

23. Isa. xxviii. 13. cf.^*I><I»:

Gen. and 3^4^.^ ::

hKI'*:
hR'P'Pz
act. to

..

.

J^-fl:
thin,
vii.

(

165

)

Kntv:-'VRn^-

mnke
Deut.

reduce
24.
child.

to dust, to

pound, pulverise.

K't^:
J^3"t'
^«^3>:

(1)

i-q-

R^thiny

Eth.

(2)

thin,

Kflft": s. a tanned sheep s skin, yforn by the Abyssinians over their other dress. PPA: s. the young of beasts of prey,
i^
:

minute, fine, powdered.
^-

^^n

:

"a young
trs.

lion."

Num.

xxiii. 24.

<^"y

powdered,

pulverised,

pounded ;
s.

dust, particle, atom.

2 Chr. xxxiv. 4.

J^nA*?: "V- a. ?k^nA*I':

to mix, to mingle.

and cans,

to cause, order,

or

Ar. '{Md a minute (particle of time).
'

Lev. xix. 19. allow mixing, mingling. Gen. xxx. 32. •j-p q /\<|> : pass, to be mixed. Lev. xix.
1 9.

Geogr.
J^«t^"
:

s.

At. j;juj Jlour, powder.
0-

^'flA^:
xix. 19.

s.

mixture, mingling, confusion.

Lev.

*R^^:
seed.

s.

(/onorrhaea ;

emission of animal

JSI-nA^A^K-IlC:
s.

idem.

^•ftf:

s.

Gr.

^iaKovi(x, state, office,
1

and dignity
v. 9.

and T\ll:ni.'V: ph mountain, esp. monastery, convent, as they are
Eth.

7\R^O
(1)

of a deacon or deaconess.
'" K'l'K'P^ a stake into the ground.
^^'-

Tim.

generally built upon mountains.
K'fl<^:

wedge ;

to

drive down, e.g.

A.nrfl:

Mount Lebanon,

in Sy-

I'KI'KI':

pass.
(1) in

_^p

:

s.

Dabo

Shoa,

i.

q.

K'F*{\^:

(2} in

ria. (2) Debra Libanos, the most celebrated convent in Shoa, being the Apposed native place of the famous Tecla Haimanot, and

Tigre, a sort of leavened wheaten

bread,

the centre of his labours.

A

hot spring

generally of the shape and size of dumplings,

of water with very
is

salutary qualities, wliich
its

baked upon an iron
burning,
al.

and overlaid witli bitter leaves, in order to prevent it from
plate,

foTind there, is believed to derive

healing powers from
attracts large

that saint,

and always

'^'flfl^::
coiu's skin,

PQ
yf\

:

s.

Daba, a yelloic-tanned

worn
of,

by the poor, and by monks, instead
over other clothes.
:

or

s.
:

Tigr. a species of urtica.

Botany.

numbers of patients; and the very earth is carried away and used as a remedy against rheumatic complaints. That monastery is the chief seat of learning for the kingdom of Shoa but as such,
;

^n
J^n

s.

Diibba, a gourd- or melon-like fruit,

with scarcely any taste or flavour.
:

s. s.

a sort of beads. a den, hole for wild Ar.
SjJ a she-bear.
s.

J^'fl
Jj^'TI

:

beasts.

B.
xiii. 8.

— iXr: Mount Sinai in Arabia. mounfciiu of the same name near Adowa. — ItPC,- Mount Tabor in
:

it

seems to he inferior to Gondar.
(1)

(2) a'

:

(1)

Palestine.

:

s.

Hos.

Debra Tabor, a town in the province of Bagammeder, the residence of the family
(2)

according to many Shoa J^TJ: TiTit]'^and Gurague informants, an animal which is
said to live in Gurague, having the formation

and although being somewhat smaller tlian the latter, yet roaring more powerfully, so as to frighten all other animals and therefore it is called the
of a cat and of a lion
; ;

— H^'l": Mount of Olives, near Jerusalem. — RV^: Debra Damo, a celebrated
:
:

of the present Ras.

(1)

No one however, of those had seen it; therefore its existence and nature remain still a matter
kins of animals.

whom we

asked,


Rn

monastery in Agame, instituted, it and patronized by Abba Aragawi. mountain near Adowa.
:

is said,

(2)

A

O'h^:
:

a mountain near Gondar.
Zion.
;

:

OP-T: Mount

•!>

V. a. to bury, to inter

e.g.

a treasure.

of uncertainty.

TKn*!':

pass, to be hid in the ground.

;

K'n*jr":...Kii':
Jg'fl^^:
of peas.
s.

(

166

)

7\R\t'...snsL.y:

a kind of bread, B.

made of the

flour

^^J^H*

to

wonder,

to

admire, to be surprised,

astonished, amaxcd.

I^fh^:

a.
:

the south. Lev.xx\-i.l8. Ezek.xlviii.2L
s.

^H'tt

instead of a canopy, the priests carry about in procession,
wliicli,

a large umbrella,

Y\t\y,\^ : caus. to create astonishment, wonder, and amazement, to be cause and object of
admiration, astonishment, &c.

on certain solemn occasions. Tiie Kins of Shoa has generally two such J^IP^: of
red velvet, with fringes, carried with him whenever he makes an excursion one car;

J^l^:

s.

wonder, admiration, astonishment,

amazement.

J^^^: KDf:
K^'i^:

"it

is

a wonder";

"it

is

ad-

mirable," " excellent," &c.

ried on each side.

Xrflf^'

s.

(1) tabernacle.

Revel, xv.

5.

gfl
"

fm.: "he per7\Rd.l- or formed wonders, or miracles." Luke i. 49.
:

T^:
mony."

fl9"0: "Tabernacle
(2)

of the Testiof Abyssinian

g1<E«C^: or ,i^l>t»»C: ^dj-

&

s.

Eth.

KTI>a):

Dabtarii,

title

surdum

esse." deaf; stupid, esp. the latter.

Literati.

pi.

Kn^fl:

V. a. (1)

to

cover a house iviiharoof.

K^'I*"4.'

;etl'l»^C^': and ^f^^'-Ct- > "^- "• ^^ ^^ deaf or stupid, dull,
act. to

silly.

(2) to beat, to

fog.

Mark

xii. 4.

?iKi*I*"<^:

deafen, to stupefy.

Isa.

TKn^H:
"T^nSn
K'Sl-^n-^
s.
:

pass, to he covered icith

a roof;

xxxiii. 15.

to be flogged.

P'Z^Cfi':
trop.
to

s.

deafness, dulness, stupidity, idiocy.
2.5'.

intens.

meditate, to be

^^ilAA:s.
xvi. 31.

^^B'flAA:
fruit,

coriander.

Ex.

anxious aboid.

Dan.

vi. 14.
bill,

an account, a

a

letter.

^3:

adj. poor, needy.
: s.

J^*}^: s. a turnip-like somewhat resembles
genous to

the taste of which
;

the potatoe

it is indi-

^

J^;}i

back of a saddle,
s.

i.q.

" .C/hd-.P

Amhara.
a
tent.

Bl.

'}'"£•:

poverty, indigence, neediness.

Mark

^'iYl:

s.

dwarf.
s.

xii. 44.

^I'fX^:
s.

Gen.

iv. 20.

J^'55'l':

^tlTi^
the '5::

idem, not to be confounded with which also is often written with

KlH

:

V. n. to be blunt, obtuse, not sharp.
:

?iK^H

act. to blunt, obtund,

grind off the edge.

KlHH:
born,

V. n. to

be

stiff,

pedantic, obstinate, stub-

gT
Pi:
to

:

s.

Shoa, forest, thicket, woods.
sulphur, brimstone.

iK^iHH:
Dank.
J^'JJ^fl:
s,

act. to stiffen, obdurate.

g^z

s.

Shoa, J^^::
v-ell,

^I^C- "H-flih.:
KiJ^i:

Tigr. a sort of

thistle.

Deen.
v. n.

Gen.

xix. 14.
to

back part of the neck,
act. to fatten, stiffen,

najie.
xii. 2.

Eth. Vfi^:

become

reconvalesce,

V. n. to be thick, fat, stiff.
:

Gen.

become free, to be restored to liberty, safety, heolih, or happirirss, to be saved from any
eviL

?iKlKJ

obdurate.

Deut.

ii.

Gen.

xii.

13.

Mark

xvi. 16.

Inf.

Kn^iJ^li:
tening, &c.

caus. to

make obstinate, 30. Nehem. ix. 29. cause and produce fatobstinate, stubborn.
:

ODPI:
7\S,ihunt")

recovery, reconvalescence, salvation.

(cot to confound with ?»Ki=
;

"*°

act. to save, to heal, cure, to deliver
evil,

g'JPt': adj. thick, fat, stiff, Gen. xii. 4. ^xnT:
"stubborn,''''
"obstinate,''''

"stiff-necked,"

from any
happiness.
vation,

to restore to well-being

and

"refractory."

Ex.

Inf.

trq^l:

the

saving, sal-

xxxiL

9.
s. s.

Gen.

xlix. 20.

and concr. Saviour.

^T Pi^:
P''^^^:
K.'^S.

the rectum.
thickness, fatness, obesity,
stiffness,

Pi*?: V. a. to be wonderful, miraculous, sur(Seldom used : more geprising, admirable.
nerally.

obstinacy, refractoriness.

Deut. xxxi. 27.
of elepJiants" tusks

^1^

:

iCD' ::)

y

• '*•

^i-<idle- sized sort

J^l-IA: •Sf.Vthe larger being called

(

167

)

R^'
s. s.
:

R!^al.

?\^: and

the smaller

P*5:
J^Vl

Shoa. sulphur, brimstone,

P*}::

i»Alg-: JJ'TIA: s. virrjin m.
of.

both.

an earthen or metallic basin.

A wooden
whose
to get

& f., csp. the Holy J^ryin ; any person that has not had any sexual interEx. xxii. 17.
pi-

one

is called

'Ifl^" Ex. xxx.

17.

I^Yi

:

Eur. duke.
or

course with the other sex.

^Vl'A:
female

J^Y>A:
to labour,

a kind of
to exert

roes,

is called

iotj::
oneself,

STilti.

:

s.
:

J^TI'^ A

s.

a wether, castrated ram. Gen. xxii. 1 3. Shoa. a youvg stallion, al. \i f^oq ;:

_I^VjaD: V. n.

tired, fatigued, to

be iveary; to be loeah, fainting.

^TIA:
ried

s.

a large
s.

loose stone.

Tigr. '^'fli:

?\KY10^*:

v. a. to tire, fatigue,

weary.

Gen.

nCK*::

xxxiii. 13.
virginity, state
1

J^'nAT:
life,

of a virgin, unmarvii.

hn.P.tlo":idem.

celibacy.
:

Cor.

34.

^Vj^U;
j^V}in^:

a.

fatigue, weariness, faintness, weak-

J^T7A^'T
RYld,- non

s.

idem.

vess, debility, infirmity, labour, trouble.
s.

occ.
V. a. to talk one out of

fatigued, tired, troubled, faint,

weak
7.

?iKn«i:
J^n-Tf
ment,^''
:

any
:

thing,

infirm.

to dissuade.
s.

J^Vimj : idem.

Num.

xiii. 19.

1

Cor. viiL

the moment.

fX^Tl-t

" in

"suddenly," "unexpectedly," wares," " accidentally."
V. n. to be

a mo"unato

Ps. xxxix. 4.

KXiyJ^T s. K(Dt\ :
:

s.

Eur. dukedom, duchy.

sickness, disease, illness ;
V. n. to sou-id, to be to sound,

Geogr. a sick person.
bell).

^"iTH:

dim

before one''s eyes,

be

rung (of a
bell.

dim-sighted.

KTl^:
and

s.

stone.

Eth.^-ni::

Tigr.

Vni.:

J^SfflA :\. Si. j^CDA: s. a bell.

ring a

"Yx^P^X;.:

K^rn:
Ex.

Vid. jE:^1X:: ^'j-jrpf". s j'gjfiale servant, esp. chambermaid.
ii.

K(DA: s. Eth. territory, country. Acts ii. K(DA: A-flj?: " the Libyan country.-'
RT't-:
(1)

10

:

n, pr.

David.

(2)

meton. the

5.

Psalms of David.

Ji^nR:: K^lfR:: and
nished,

^YIQ:

\.Ti.

tobe

asto-

J^Tl,:

s.

Ar. j^Ijj

the

smallest coin in

amazed, affrighted,
trs. to

terrified.

Ex. xv. 1 5.

?iflKiTX:
terrify.

astonish, to amaze, frighten,

Egypt, the fortieth part of a piaster, twenty of which are a dollar, i.e. about four shillings.

Gen.

ix. 2.

Matt.

V. 26.
ill,

^^^•X':

adj. astonished,

amazed, frightened,

ter-

rified, confused.

"discouraged," Afl: "disheartened," "a coward." Deut. xx. 8.
:

J^Oh.P:

adj. sick,

diseased, infirm;

a patient.
noise,

^qjj^tp. jjon occ.

T^j^T.^T:
ji^ah^:
s.

V. a.

to rustle, to
stiff cloth

make a
xvii, 19.

Jf ^.*JK.:
terror.

s.

astonishment,

amazement, fright,

used of dry leather, a straw mat.
xiv. 12.

or paper, &c.

2 Sam.

^'3TR-C- ^- ^ small red stripe in a garment, between the fringes on the edge and the
broad-coloured stripe.
S,i&,' V. n. to exercise in arms, used of the
esp. at the great annual

f^y: Acts

Ala, ace. of Zeuf, Jupiter.
pi.

S^^^l:
Phil.

s.

BiuKovos, deacon,

"^ F^f^i:
,

P

i. 1.

army,
festi-

K.y-ntvtl:

s.

hd/3o\os, devil.

Matt.

iv. 1.

review on the
Isa. v. 29.

R^i:

s.

Heb.

pT

Ar. ^^^o
the Last

Eth. "judgment"

val of the Invention of the Cross, on the

in genera!.

26th and 27th of September.

Amh.

y.?X.: Eth.

i.q.

vV-

s.

Eth,

K^i,::
xix. 9.

Ueh.t^'^^ judge, esp. arbi-

^^: judge.
i.

Judomsnt Micah vi. 14.
deaf.

RS,'Ex.

adj.

dumb, mute;

and sometimes

trator.

Gen.

Rad. Eth. J^Pi::

iv. 10.

Luke

20.

::

J^J^:--.ViTI^:
^JEJ":
s.

(

1G8

)

S-:I«PJ:...1'K4.:
s.

molar
8.

toolh.

Shoa, the gums.

J^^T":
Ex.

repetition, reiteration, the reading.

*JC^*T^:

juniper-tree.

Lud.
gateway, entry,

vii. 12.

K^:

s.

Tigr. ^T.::

(/oor, (/a/c,

^loxjif:

Iq,

U-A-ff:

repeating,

repealed,

avenue to any place.

Gen.

iv. 7.

^^":
1.

Hf
_f^j^:

again, a second time.

"to wait," "to expect,"

Ps. xl.

KT-rt

fy/^ffO; " chief (n/r?/""hoii?c-rfoor," "gate."

stamp figures into leather, ivood &c. with a hot iron, esp. in bookbinding.
:

V. a.

to

K^= J^Tl"^^:
a province.

Dadjazinatsh, governor of

'rj^T'rt: pass.
?ifl.'?>f|: caus.
adj.

J^^f

:

s.

a large and

liea\'y iron rod,

sharp at

J?!3.'''-

&
5.

s.

prominent, protuberant, pre-emi-

the bottom, used as an instrument for break-

nent, strong ;

a pre-eminence, protuberance, &c.

ing stones.

Ps. Ixxiv.
i.q.

5.

Luke
Vid. sub

iii.

K^-Hirg^:
S,^::

_^g-: J^-Hoq^Y-:
viii. 9.

Pl.i^

:

DAGUssA,

Esther

K^l^=

contraction

Tigr. J^;!^!!!}'!^:: of J^^Ucnj^-:: Tigr.

belonging to the genus panicum.
sinians have

an Abyssinian sort of grain, The Abyssorts of
it,

two

a white and a

black one, both of which are used for bread,

gT

:

V. a. io be great, respectable, virtuous, good,

which
Ezek.
JI^T^fl:

is

inferior to the Tef-bread

;

and for

suitable.

beer, for
n. to grow.
V. trs.
to

which

it

is

preferred to barley.

"h^l' V. ^ki^KT:
to

Gen.

i.

22.

xxi. 8.

iv. 9.
s.

cause groiving, to educate,

(1) a figure, or figures,

impressed

train, to bring up.

He
^"1:
)

cause you to

yTl,l^"JtJ: "Maygrow!'''' is said to a little

with a hot iron into leather or wood, esp. in

bookbinding.
of a sword
_^"l''t"
:
;

(2)

a leather cover of a sheath

boy when he
KT.:
>

sneezes.
adj. great, suitable, respect-

sheath of a sword.

fem. ^7,'!^:

s.

steepness, steep ascent.

able, virtuous, strong, good.
tall.

Heb.

x. 1.

^'^;^: idem.
K^Ji'*!"

^:

(1) adj. high,

Ps. xxxvii. 36.

(2) s.

s-

respectability, greatness, virtue,

good-

high country, mountainous country, table-land, opposed to <|»^ : " low country."

ness, strength, fitness, suitableness.

A

*K7JB;1:

v. n. to
s.

stamp,

to tread.

Bl.
Bl.

P— H^:
:

for

Y\C^:

"cedar."

1

Kings

*^''t^1^
K^'5.
refrigerate.

the stamping, treading.

iv, 33.

^-a- to support, uphold, to assist, to refresh,

P "I

p°|:

a sash, belt, girdle of cloth. a certain cane, the pitli of which is The wood is eaten, by the poor, while soft. burned instead of torches, with which the Abyssinians walk about on the eve of any
:

s.
s.

Gen.

xviii. 5,

xxi. 18.

Ex. xvii. 12.

"VKI^-

pass, to be supported, &c.

Kl^'
*^'V_^p*:

^-

'^

support, supporting 'instrument, foot

of any furniture.
false

Gen. xxvi.
of

19, ?

spelling

J^J^:

molar

tooth,

great festivals.

Bl.

grinder.
s.

Bl.
k'ltchen-pot of clay.

p*joti : V. a. to repeat, to do again, to repeat
(pray) the rosary, to read.
1

a small

Const ^"iqn
&c. his (her,

^0:
^^:

Eth. J^^^fli: lubricity, slipperiness, the gliPs. xxv.
6.

p<>|Oq: K°lOTJt|:
thy, &c.) repeating,
i.

.^"iO«il:
e.

ding, sliding.

"

he

also,"

&c. Ps.

x. 18.

J^d : ?iA:
XV. 17.

to be slippery, to slide, glide out.

•I-P'JOK: pass, to
read, &X'.

be.

repeated, done again,

v. a. to knock, to hit, strike, to beat.

Mark

Isa. Ix. 14.

Pjog

:

s.

a

re-peater,

a reader.

TK4.=

P^^^to

^

^^^-

to

be knocked, beaten,
to

poiqo; gojgD; Eth.
ronomv."

conj, also; adv. again, equally, I'lkruise.
repeated.

struck;

knock, heat, strike oneself;

h6^-

H—

:

"Deutq-

thruw oneself down.
XX. 18.

Luke

v. 12,

2 Chr.

Dan.

x. 15.

Kd.«i:...g:|n^:
K<5.«^=
V. n.

(

169

)

p!.»^d.:.-S:S!.KrV.

fo be bold, courarjeous,

audacious,

^tTOi^:
Inf.

n.

&

act.

to

commence,

to

begin.

insolent; to take courage, to venture, to risk,
to

oo^OD^:

the

commencing, beginning.
this day," "begin-

hazard.
s.

Ex. xxi.

14.

YiMii,:

$.f"Q: "from

K<{.C:
lent,

& adj.

bold, courageous, audacious, inso-

ning from to-day."

impudent.

Prov.

xiii. 3.
ii.

T^o^d,'Ps.

pass, to be begun or commenced.

J^<J,i: idem.

2 Peter

10.

Ex. xix. 13.

KA.d.fi-- V. n. to be unquiet, to ferment.
xlvi. 3.

J^flgtro^: caus.
begin.

to

make

begin, cause

to

'f\}ZA.^fl' act. to disturb, stir up, to agitate,

^on}i:
^'tjrj-'f:
lation.

s.
s.

one

thai,

begins,

a beginner.

of liquids.
19.

Ezek. xxxii.

2, 13.

xxxiv. 18,

a joint, juncture of the limbs, articu25.

Gen. xxxii.
adj. full

Eph.
;

iv. 16.

Jf Q.f^'T:
J^tJ,"^
:

s.

courage, boldness, audacity, insolence.

^cn;^9ii:
Is

of joints

s.

a wild and fugitive animal resembling
to foam.
trs. to

person, the joints of

a lean, meagre whose body are visible.
Tig.

a cow.

a nickname.
s.

Bl.

Rd,^'- v.n.

Mark

ix. 20.

^O
P,Cfi
;

Eth.

X-HT:
4.

XHl.:
Ex.
Bl.

the

ear.

hR&.'PKd,\
to
:

make foam, cause foaming.

Gen. xxxv.
:

•y^

V. a.

Ar.

^^ to stop, fill up, stuff, to cram ;
hide in the ground, to inter
entirely.
to

s. s.

the back, "

dorsum."

xxiii. 27.

choke up,
to

to

S^C/V

porcupine, hedgehog.
s.

overflow,

cover

Matt.

viii.

24.

^i.t-:
^i-Q.'-

tail.

Ex.

iv. 4.

^^.'T- $'m^'l:

Gen, xxvi.
'

15.

(thin- tailed) "giraffe."

tx^&li

intens. to choke

up the
viii. 2.

fire.

3.

a cowherd.
Esther
> ^
-J

Bl.

"VR^^J^^'J:
s.

pass, to be slopped, filled up, choked,

^UJ*:
''<'^i_
Jrf*.j=e
I

ii.

3:

g^.UJ^: W-ui-j: Ar.

overflowed, &c.

Gen.

j^Lj«

"

Susan the Palace."

fulness, integrity, the
"entirely;''

whole.

n^K"
adj.

^T:

"fully,"

"wholly."
"

g-'fl:

s.

Tigr.H'f1?i..- Ar.

full, filed up, opp. to

^^'t-:

hollow."

Ex.

common animal

^

hya;na, a

very

in Abyssinia.

xxvii. 8,

Ps. cxiv.

8.

KQTi-

ti°^- "an

^nC*P:

s.

an Abyssinian plant, resembling

entire cloth," opp. to

^6.T-

&

"IC'^'fi: ?'"•

the bamboo.

K<5.Kd,: non
V. 27, 28.

oce.

gnr:
Judges
or of

s.

Ar.

XJLte-

a

coffee-pot,

a wash-kettle,

'1''JJ^4.K<5.: V. n. <o tumble down.

a water-flask,

^1:8.
husk of leguminous
fruits

Vid. •H"J::
s.

R&J^'
grain.

s.

the

.^T: ilA"»l:

common
J ANT,

title for

"King's ornamenter," a very Abyssinian mechanicians.

X"?- ^^- u*- Amh. ^1.1:

demon, genius.

^'

§,1^'- DJANT or

the twenty-fifth
It is

Isa. xiii. 24.'

letter of the
lant,

Amharic

alphabet.

a

sibi-

pronounced

like the English
;

J

:

it

has

gi-t-: s. a sort of round beads, of red colour with blue spots.

no place

in the ancient Ethiopic

but in the

modern ^\mharic and Tigre, it is frequently formed where the Ethiopic has the third or
the
.fifth

X'JK.: s. a hide of a cow or an untanned.

ox,

tanned or

^"J^ZI
J^H:
19,

:

s.

eunuch.
cocoa-nut.

order of the letters
language,
it is

In

common

or T:: often confounded

H: K:

Ar.

with "H': but attention to etymology generally
is sufficient to

g;^ nut, esp. Alla^liiq.v.

Ex. xxxvii.

decide the orthogi-aphy.

K^R"' prob. from

jjj^l a new piece of money.

"

SJ^S^:
^K'S.K"- ^^xj.

1AA:
a
cricket (insect).

(

no

)

Maa:
trs. to

.

lAnnrn:

^'^'
:

Lev.

J^HAA:
to be

dismiss a company, in order

22.
:

with one alone.
to

$,16"- ^l"!

shield-bearer.

2 Chr.

xii.

1

0.

^"If

:

adj. courageous, undaunted, fearless, brave.

"fltXtV- pass, leave a person

be sent away, in order to

alone.

'^^3AA
2\S<5.X«5.:
V. a. to sprout,
to

:

to fornicate, to

commit fornication.

shoot out, to
i.q.

Jer.

ii.

20.

burgeon, to bring forth sprouts,

Hd,d..'-

'1A,A :

n. pr. Galilee,
:

country in Palestine.
lo

1"A A
all

V. a.

Eth.

^A(D "

make round,

to

cover

1:

1:

nyn^:
Amharic

gaml, the twenty-sixth letter of the
alphabet,
is

around ; used of tents, and of the hanging of curtains round and over a bedstead.

a palatal consonant,

"TI^AA:
around.

pass, to be covered

and

veiled all

pronounced like the English g hefore a, o, u, and consonants. P a tei-minating syllable affixed to substantives, with the power of a preposition, signi:

'h-AA'V:
11.
1

s.

(I)
i.

head or top of a
(2) (3) an,

tent.

Ex. xxxv.

Cant.

17.

chapiter of a column.

Kings
s.
:

vii. 6.

urn of -clay on the top

fying about, near, by.

of thatched houses.

fl.P.^^

:

"about, near,

by the door."

flfL't'^: "near the house." U-A'^;^: |^fl'>;3:"a&o"f two, three." Shoa. *!,: similar to the preceding: it signifies a
direction, towards,
to,

le\^^%:

a Galilean.

f't^aafi v. n. to arrive at the age of manhood, to be or become a young man, to be vigorous,
strong of bodily power.

by the side;

Ex.

ii. 1 1.

1

Chr.

e.g. «5.f|*L:

"the head-side." "Js^CI.: "the foot-side." John XX. 12. "JS^T.: "hand-side," Le.
"sleeve."

xviii. 10.

Ps. xxxvii. 25.
s.

•j-s^ot;!^:
iv. 23.

a young and vigorous man.

Gen.

xxi. 20.
s.

John

ix. 20.

'h-A'^^rt'i'r:

the age of

manhood

(of males);

l^iiV":
xvi. 18.
"Itj:

s.

Gr. yeewa.

Av.J^heli.
Diin
''^

Matt.

age of vigour

;

manhood, vigour.

Ps.

ciii. 5.

From

the Heb.

or

"Jtti: s.

dawn

of the morning.
to kill.

^AV^": and ;3Aq"'1': s. a whore, Gen. xxxiv. 31. prostitute.
xii. 12.

harlot,

^A: V. a. contr. from l^A:

Gen.

jA^'Wr:
prostitution.

s.

whoredom,
Hos.
ii.

jrrostitution,

wages of

"n A
lA: nA
:

:

pass, to be killed.

4.

I'A: V. n.
s.

contr.

from 'h.'BIA

:

to

want. Ps.
34.

xii. 1.

"IAf|:

s.

a caparison.
straw.

animalbody. Gen. xxxvii.
Eth.

Ex.

iv. 7.

'J'^AS-

^'

Isa. XX. 4.
s.

lAH

:

s.
:

*" Abyssinian plant. Gen. xxiv. 25.
run (of horses).

lAO

::

potter s icare, earthen vessel,

*^ A n

V. a. to
s.

Amos vi.

1 2.

potsherd.

Ps. xxii. 15.

Job
i.

ii.

8.

lAinT:
Rev.
i.

inversion,

subversion,

overthrow,

Ha

:

V. n.

to be resplendent, to glisten, to shine,

tumult, revolution.

Rad. 'JAfim::
(2)

be polished, to glow.

Ezek.

7.

15.

•hAO't':

s.

(1) patella, the knee itself.

?»3 A

:

V. act. to polish.

strength, bodily power.

Gen.

iv. 23.

^A ^A

:

n. pr. Galla,
s.

a nation in Africa.

T"An^:
lAflfn:

adj. strong, vigorous. adj- strong, vigorous, powerful, full

:

loneliness, solitariness, state of being alone.

T'AniJ'T":

n"7A:

n<?l(D': "he told

him

singly," " being

of bodily vigour.

Gen.

xlix. 14.

Jos. x. 2.

ahne with him."
"htV' s. a roan horse. Bl. 1i\t\ : V. a. to leave a person alone or to himself. 1AA*5: imp. "leave me, that I may be
alone
!

V. a. to invert, subvert, overturn, over-

throw, turn upside down.

Tl A n m

:

pass, to be inverted, &c.

lAHflfn:

intens. to overthrow completely;

also to jump.

Gen.

xix. 25.

hmAnms-i-JAm:
2\fn/\f|fn:
overthrotmx.

(

171

)

hftiAni:

1f^)^:

caus. to cause being inverted

and

JsfnACn*Iti.'V
:

caus. to cause uncovering, &c.

s.

the interior

margin of a written page.
fl"!

^A^'?*(1''1: s- perverted, perverse, suJyveried. Deut. xxxii. 5. Luke ix. 41. HAT ^^' s- overturner, perverter, revolutionist,
unruly person.

"I^'P:

s.

openness, distinctness, publicity,
"explicitly," " distinctly,"

AT:
lAR:
•l,h:
s.

"openly"
derivv.

"puh-

lickly,"" in public."
c.

Neh.vuLS. Rad.lAm"
lAflrt::
barley-bread.
Bl.

Prov.

xiii. 2.

i.q.

'h-A'T: s. a fief, feudal tenure, territory granted by government for a continual possession. Gen. xlvii. 22. : ^C5^: "land-mark," Job

Tigr.

tmp:

^c^g: v.n.
smell.

to stink,

be fetid, emit an unpleasant

P—

xxiv.

2.
'•

hl^^an earthen
utensil,

ti^' to

make

stink.

Ex.

v. 21.

^^1X

s-

hollow and open

>y":
^orq:
"19fn
;

s. s.

mist,

dew, fog.

Deut

xxxii. 2.

above and below, broad at tlie narrow at the top, of about eight or ten inches long. Three of them are put together round
:

bottom and

mane

of a horse, a lion, &c,

a bad
s.

smell,

a stench.

•Jmj:
roes.

the female of the

J^YTA:

a sort of
.

a kitchen &e, to serve as a tripod for putting the cooking vessels upon they are also used
singly
as stands for drinking-vessels (the to prevent their falling.

•jao^: and
camel.
•J.ora/v:
s.

'^oxt^i:
xii. 16.

s.

Ar. jj;^
xxiv. 10.

Heb. ^Da,

Gen.

(DT^:)
iv. 2.

Amos

a cow without horns.
V. n. to

T^AJ^d.:
i.e.
1

V. n. to

be blunt, to be bent at the edge

"Tioq/^A:
'\ffOf^i\
:

walk nimbly and
walk.

proudly.

(of cutting instruments), to have
to

a blunt tongue,

s.

one

who has a proud

stammer,
xiii. 21.

stutter,

to

speak awkwardly.

•jono^:

v. a. <o sefeci

and clean grain,
river-horse.

Sam.

Eecles. x. 10.
to blunt, to

•t-lCTD^: pass.

ttiY\'ti^&,. or stutter.

ti's.

make stammer
Ex.

T-^<i,: hippopotamus,
*'}i^P*&'.

Ar. j^;Ai>- Ezek. xxviii. 13.

T^A^«i:
vi. 12.

adj. blunt,

stammering, stuttering.
^

•jCFort

:

V. n, to be halved, to crumble, to be divided,

1A7A:

non

occ.

'

<

'

-^

^'"'^

shattered to pieces.

Job xxxix.

24.

J^lCTDrt

:

act. to divide into halves, to shatter

?il A^

A

:

V. a. <o serve, to wait on, to be subto.

to pieces.

servient

Gen. xxix.
to

15.

Itn^fl:
upon,
"Itnifj:
bread.

s.
s.

half.

Shoa.

•^^A^A:
attended.

pass,

be served, waited

half a loaf of bread;

a morsel of
into

?lft^A^A

:

caus. to

make

serve, cause to serve.

TT^fl:
halves.

s.

the

crumbling, the dividing

*^A^A:
xiv. 6,

compose matters between two quarrelling parties. 2 Sam.
'^'-

a. to conciliate,

79^'fl:
"igU'fl :

s. s.

a large bird of prey.

*1A1A:

s.

a foal, the young oi horses,

a.sses,

and

(Shoa).

a tower, a Gen. xi. 4.

steeple ;

a stone house
to

rapacious quadrupeds.

Gen.

xlix. 9.

•Jrpjp:

s.

a water-jar, containing from two
Tigr.

I'Al-A:
•J^ff): ^^

i.q-

"lAlA"

—•i'flC.:

lynx.

eight gallons.

3- to

uncover, unveil, to lay open or
inf.

l9«n:: l\n:—

:

i.q.

yiQ^-^a ::
Gen.
xvii. 3.

bare, to expose ; to discover, to reveal,

oo"^

IW^Cxxiv. 48.

s-

the front, forehead.
xiii. 6.

A'P:

"the opening^ "uncovering^ "revealpass, to be uncovered, unveiled, &c.
9.
viii. 5.

ing," " exposing," " discovery," " revelation."

«7!joq^:

p^:

a horse with a white forehead.
Isa. xxxiv. 3.

•TIA fD
Gen.

:

"1*^^:
"^awi:

s.

stench.

Amos

iv. 10.

i.

s.

a plant, belonging to the genus CruZ 2


T-oq^A:- .-nUlK:
cifera, the leaves of

(

172

)

^l4K.:
s.
ii.

.

.

.

ICC:

which, resembling those

of turnips, are eaten.

Cabbage, and the

like

l^MX.: Rom.
16.:
IC,:
"If^:

reprover, chastiser, corrector, punisher.
20.
Isa. xxix. 21.

greens, are generally called PJ^£l.Q^j^": or

V. n. to be

meek, gentle, simple-hearted. Ps.

xxxiv. 18.

*iaq,PA: At. JjU=-. Jer. ix 10. 7au^: V. a. to make a cord, rope, cable.

s.
s.

meek, gentle, mild.

cf.

H'C"
:^6.:with.
:

meekness, gentleness, mildness.
Yl

lOD^:
•Jooj^:
2 Cor.

s.

cord, rope, cable.

Ex. xxxv.

18.

^<J.:s. part, of relation.

s.

a
25.

pole,

perch.

Matt

xxvi. 47.

Yli: ^6.: "with me."
Isa. lix. 18.

xi.
s.

Inmj^:

an eunuch. 'qtpa^ : silk and muslin cloth, p cloth house, the house where
rarities,

16.:
:

s.

left

hand.

(DR:

»1A: — "enemy." — J\A: "to go
:

e.g.

to

rL''r

:

silk-

the left-hand
tion

side.''''

Gen.
i.q.

xiii. 9.

As

direc-

clothes, books,

of the heavens,
13.

Ar. jUj*, North.

&c. are kept

;

Abyssinians' treasury,

library,

museum, &e. : fL"!': " keeper of the silk-stuff house."
and *Joii^:
to

P—

Acts xxvii.
"It^:
s.

h'*?":

a young elephant.
:

,

l^^ao

V. n. to be ivonderful, astonishing,

admi-

'h'troj^:

have an inclination to

rable, exalted, extraordinary,

majestic.
:

With

any enjoyment,
'

esp. carnal appetite, to cohabit.

ace. to

whom.

Ps. xxxi. 11

1^'F"'X^^&''to them."

Jer. V. 8.

"I was an object of astonishment